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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

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17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Then. more of them exist to serve as examples. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. alterations. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. The turning point came when. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. especially poetry. responded with delight. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. With false starts and honest stops. pushing. wheedling. Their energy and charm caught me up. successes. build it. seven years ago. punching. carefully chosen. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. This they did. and I have had the pleasure of advising. and record every detailall of the failures. This was not to be. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. It needs no sequel. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. with sparkling enthusiasm. whether all their labor was to no avail. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. bereft of hope. Ginny had done some writing. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. Again they revised. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. and the publisher.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. for they had no model and no guide. and the experience provided the final section of the book. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles.

It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. To achieve this. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. and these are capitalizedfor example. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. The herb garden designs alone. while others were prepared by landscape designers. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. English thyme. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. specialty. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. rather. A range of essential factors is considered herein. Not all plants used are herbs. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. 1969 and 1980. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. without accompanying commentary. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. or by contributors. . but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. We. the authors. degree of maintenance required. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. although countless common names exist. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. former generic names. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. by their owners. Italics are always used for botanical names. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. historical interest. we completed a test garden. and educational purpose. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. Likewise.

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The late Raymond C.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. librarian. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Trudi Bela. Herbert J. and August Frugé. Isaacson. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Alice Skelsey. which made possible the completion of our text. former managing editors. president. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Rady. and Elizabeth Bryce. and Joanna Reed. and Rexford Talbert. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Nell Neff. We are grateful to many. FAITH H. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. and the horticulturist. Special thanks are due James C. Susan Frugé. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Alexander Apanius. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Derthick. Finally. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Swanson and Robert B. as expediter and typist.D. A lecturer on herbs. Recognition is due Robert B. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. His assistant. has been especially helpful over the years. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. She has served. Weatherhead.. Jo Lohmolder. Betty Rea. too. Wanda Ritchie. former director of same. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. past presidents. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Keebler and the late Everest P. Richard T. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Genevieve Jyurovat. Eleanor Gambee. M. Lee Buss. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. have also been of assistance. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. has given us valuable information.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

" Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. If no . a front dooryard. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. some of which are evergreen. "Not difficult to plan. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. temples of worship. lay out a plan of the property. and decisions must not be left to chance. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. As one constantly reinforces the other. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. to increase the value of the property. "A garden is the mirror of a mind." A good design does not "happen. In order to create a fine garden design. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. or an abandoned. Perennial herbs. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. Its interest is independent of flowers." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. new plants. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. new ways of seeing. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. fences. not at all difficult to maintain. As Henry Beston reflects. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. and structures. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. and hedges will have been located. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. partially excavated area. the north point will have been indicated. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain.

which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. measurements are in engineer's scale.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . Here. and hedges. fences.

In the absence of a survey map. other significant structures. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. and the driveway. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Other areas may require a smaller scale. such as the one illustrated here. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. to locate the house. The object is to . too. but with all needed information. In this example. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. A deed description. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. measurements are in engineer's scale. measure to locate the house. too. Next. Here.

create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. driveway. shrubs. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. paths. < previous page page_3 next page > . and unusual land features noted. lines at an angle. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. enclosures. The smaller the scale. The tools needed for drawing are few. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. and parallel lines. triangleof inexpensive plastic. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions.

garage. brick. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. or summer kitchen is ideal. bayberry. and hedges of hemlock. yew. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. A toolhouse. greenhouse. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. and holly. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. Upkeep. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. gazebo. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . However. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. In some cases. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. In the absence of a structure. iron. and stone. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. old smokehouse. With the plan on paper. In the designs that follow. One basic rule is the higher the wall. must be included in assessing maintenance demands.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

Equally important is proportion. At first. and their styles are countless. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. If desired. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. elegant box. Brick is the all-time favorite material. yew. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. When this reinforcement is understated. but the results will confirm this course. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. For example. for reinforcing the design. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. too. as in outdoor room dividers. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. If used. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Gates are part of the enclosure. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. or. painted. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. they can be made to order. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. the garden design is most attractive. it will seem too sparsely planted. a temporary garden that may be changed later. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. used for dry wall or masonry construction. box. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. bricks. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. cut stones. In some climates. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. or pressure-treated lumber. and rosemary. Allow adequate room within the row. so give them much thought. if wood is the material of choice. Stained. Stone. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. however. When used with a hedge. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Lower cost is an advantage. landscape timbers. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Where air circulation is much needed. Rosemary. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. as an example. Generally. . holly. whether it will be rocks. deeply evergreen. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. or natural. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. annual painting is a necessity. railroad ties. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Whatever the reason. Styles are legion. such as bayberry. for example. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. gray surfaces are found. some deciduous and some evergreen. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established.

Conversely.Steps When constructing steps. there is a necessary. awkward and unsafe. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. making the design more evident. Paths must be ample. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. too. however. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. . These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. and maintenance. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. cost. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. A width of four feet allows room for turning. appearance. If groups are walking through. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. There are. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Access paths. Choose the path material equally for comfort. The colors are various: terracotta. the greater the tread. Step materials need not be the same as. because they are just that. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. their use no less than comfortable. or red. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. rosy pink. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. for example.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. but should be compatible with.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. or trees to be considered. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. When they mature. bark or pine needles can be used. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. too. they should not shade the herbs too much. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. This. a soft-lead pencil in hand. serviceberry. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. If the garden is made up of separate beds. shad Malus coronaria. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. They are easily renewed as they break down. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. is an enjoyable experience. a result being hazardous footing. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. With these recommendations in mind. prepare a planting plan for each. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. shrubs. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained.) To avoid having a slippery surface. and many good references are available. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna.

It needs. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. such as the one illustrated here. Often this center of interest is a sundial. however. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. lemon thyme.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. whether they are invasive or tall growing. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. a focal point is customarily used. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Do use a soft-lead pencil. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. it is easily read and easily erased. one-half inch equals one foot. for example. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. too. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. or whatever is best in your case. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. noting well their growth habits. 'Mount Hood daff. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. for example. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Artifacts As with other gardens. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Sept. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug.

Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. the height of a fence to the house. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. Again. It is then in scale with its frame.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. a niche of its own should be created. If a statue less than life-size is used. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. < previous page page_9 next page > .

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

However. with one basic rule always needing to be observed.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. the designs have a decorative north point. Except for two. that of good proportion. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a stylized drawing of an ovary. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. For easy reference. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > .

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Viola tricolor.Origanum majorana.Allium 11. summer 23. lemon balm . rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. The first number in each planting area is the key number. which is used here in relation to a garage. 14.S. 26. a fence. 21. salad burnet 12. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. sativa. Lavenders accent the front corners.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.Pelargonium graveolens.Melissa officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja montana. 5. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. 4. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 1. The rules of symmetry are observed.Ocimum basilicum. or other structure. rose 24. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. dill cerasiforme. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.Lavandula savory angustifolia. bee balm 13. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. With color and texture considered for contrast. lovage 17. fennel 2. arcticus 27. 22. 6. sweet 25. 3. lemon 15. Landscape Architect. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 16. 7.Lobularia maritima. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. A.Galium odoratum.L. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Thymus praecox subsp.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.

English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Porrum Group. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . costmary 'Albus'.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly parsley 10.8. dwarf garden 20. leek 9.Petroselinum crispum var. Greek 28. Pelargonium × limoneum.Salvia officinalis. chive 18. 19.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita.

< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Monarda didyma. 1.Pelargonium tomentosum. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Lavandula angustifolia. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. 17. 12. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. as was done here. 11. fennel English lavender geranium 4. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon 2. white 20. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Artemisia dracunculus var. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. rose 19. bush basil 3. . 9.Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. summer 10. lemon verbena 21. 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Petroselinum crispum var. 18.Pelargonium graveolens. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. curly parsley sativa.Aloysia triphylla. perhaps overgrown with weeds.

Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. eglantine 23. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme dill 8.Galium odoratum.salad burnet 6.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Origanum majorana.Rosa eglanteria. 14. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . English'. 16.

Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. . Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. A. sweet marjoram 3.Poterium sanguisorba. summer savory 11. Then the design might need to be expanded.Artemisia dracunculus var.L.A. parsley 5. garden sage 8. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. however. sativa. 13. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. The garden is conveniently located.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 7. however. lovage 15. Even in limited space. making the beds larger and the paths wider. Origanum heracleoticum. Japanese yew 17. Origanum majorana. 1. and the plan could be used at a front door. spearmint 16.Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha spicata.Taxus cuspidata. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Chionanthus virginicus.Satureja hortensis. English thyme Greek oregano 4. salad burnet 14. lemon thyme 10.Petroselinum crispum.S. The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis. dill 2.Levisticum officinale. 9. still observing a scale.

nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus.

shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Osmunda cinnamomea. salad 20.L. fraxinella 15.Polystichum acrostichoides. 31. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. 33. 6. yellow 29. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. This is an intimate garden. lavender marjoram 2.Primula vulgaris. 1.Origanum majorana. blue lungwort 26. 8. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. summer 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet violet 16. the challenge is obvious. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. leek Foeniculum vulgare. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Digitalis grandiflora. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 32. 9.Allium ampeloprasum.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.Asarum canadense.Stachys byzantina. Dictamnus albus.Thymus × citriodorus.Polemonium reptans. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Pulmonaria officinalis. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. hop sativa. wild ginger 27. The number in each planting area is the key number. Christmas fern 5.Humulus lupulus.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 17.Convallaria majalis. cinnamon fern 4. The long. 7. Monarda didyma. 25. 30. lemon thyme 28. fennel 19. 18. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.S. 13. Viola odorata.Teucrium chamaedrys.A. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Architect. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. bee balm 14. Jacob's-ladder 3. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. A. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.

winter savory 24.savory germander Willmott'.Petroselinum crispum var. yellow bedstraw 23. sweet 34.Galium verum.Buxus microphylla var. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Sorbus americana.Korean box 11.Satureja montana. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Tsuga canadensis.Galium odoratum. 35. Canada hemlock Standard'. crispum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.lilac 10. French thyme woodruff koreana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. French'.

1. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.Petroselinum crispum var. To be placed near the kitchen. One of the beds. neapolitanum. lemon verbena 2. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Origanum heracleoticum.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Rumex scutatus. this design can be an inspiration. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Salvia officinalis. It is a pleasing. geometric design. Surprisingly. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. 19.Aloysia triphylla. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Even so. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. garden sage 20.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. it became part of the patio. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Italian parsley ." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. dill 10.

chervil marjoram 21.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. French tarragon 5. winter savory 24. garlic chive 26.Ocimum basilicum 12. summer savory 23. crispum. curly parsley 22.3.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 13. Alpine strawberry 7. sweet 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. borage 'Purpurascens'. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium tuberosum.Myrrhis odorata.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Anthriscus cerefolium.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. salad 15. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.17. lemon basil 9. lemon balm cicely 6. sweet 18. 16. chive 25. basil sativa. English thyme bush basil 8.Borago officinalis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Satureja montana.Origanum majorana.Artemisia dracunculus var.Poterium sanguisorba.Allium schoenoprasum. purple basil 4.Satureja hortensis.

Rosmarinus officinalis. Created in an orderly way. rosemary 3. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. sweet 13. As a whole.Lavandula angustifolia.C.Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme lemon thyme 11. 1. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Stachys byzantina. scented-leaf geranium 2. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. it is an unusual. lamb's-ears 20. so.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Satureja montana.Myrrhis odorata. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. The center beds here were established in this way. sweet cicely 23. geometric design. 19. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Pelargonium in variety.Galium odoratum. it is full of interesting angles. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. gray .Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. too. the work paths could be eliminated. 14. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. purple basil 4. D. winter 21. blue 22.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. green santolina 12. English lavender 10. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. To increase the planting area.

Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. American southernwood holly 17.Marrubium vulgare. germander 16. 25.Artemisia camphorata. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Myrtus communis. horehound24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Ilex opaca. clove pink 7.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia abrotanum. silver mound artemisia 18. classic myrtle 9. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .6. French thyme santolina 15.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis.

Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum . tansy 25. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.Satureja montana.Melissa officinalis. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. sweet woodruff 5. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. yarrow 12. Achillea millefolium. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Santolina chamaecyparissus. French tarragon 14. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. lemon balm 22. Sometimes space is limited. Job's tears 11. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. arcticus 21. Coix lacryma-jobi. This center of interest is of particular note. rosemary 15. English lavender 6.Rosmarinus officinalis. Galium odoratum. gray santolina 13.Artemisia absinthium. sweet basil 4. pot marigold 24.Hyssopus officinalis. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sativa.Borago officinalis. this herb garden is secluded. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. winter savory 16. Its arrow points north and. blue hyssop 2. Ocimum basilicum. which adds its impression of warmth.Tanacetum vulgare. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. too. Lavandula angustifolia.Calendula officinalis. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Artemisia dracunculus var. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. casts the shadow for the hour. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. 1. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. purple basil 3. absinthe 26. borage 23.

7. white creeping thyme nobile.Chrysanthemum balsamita. chive 18. Salvia officinalis.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. scented-leaf 27. Salvia elegans. comfrey20. wild marjoram 28. sweet 29. chamomile 17. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Symphytum officinale.Pelargonium in variety. variegated garden sage 8. costmary 'Albus'.Origanum vulgare.Carya illinoinensis. pineapplescented sage 9.Syringa. garden sage 19. marjoram pecan 10. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .

Myrrhis odorata. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. 3. 7. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. sweet cicely 37. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. 8. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Pelargonium graveolens.Ipomoea alba. The more invasive ones. 30.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Ruta graveolens.Salvia officinalis. 36.Artemisia dracunculus var. 19.Pelargonium × limoneum. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. for example lemon balm and spearmint. French sorrel 21.Apium graveolens. chervil 15. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 29. 6. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. blue 23. 4. 18.Origanum majorana. rose geranium 2. sativa. lovage 22. horehound 33. true ginger16. summer 32. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Teucrium chamaedrys.Marrubium vulgare. sunken into the ground. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Satureja hortensis. rue 31.Allium schoenoprasum.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. lemon balm 35. parsley 17. 1. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. sweet 34. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. When controlled in this way.Allium sativum. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Galium odoratum. dill 20. 5. hyssop Meyer lemon .Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 9. Anthriscus cerefolium. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. garlic Levisticum officinale.

Japanese yew 39. lemon verbena 11.Tropaeolum minus.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. dwarf nasturtium 13.Mentha spicata. spearmint 27. French thyme 24.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Aloysia triphylla. Greek oregano 12. salad burnet 25. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Magnolia virginiana. English thyme 26.10.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. bush basil 14.Poterium sanguisorba. lemonthyme 28.

but. "Simplify. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. whatever the reason.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. < previous page page_22 next page > . this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. a quick way to ensure good drainage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. simplify!. however.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Lactuca sativa. spicebush absinthe French'.Aloe barbadensis.Rosmarinus officinalis. peppermint 23. 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. bell pepper 6. sweet 15.Tanacetum vulgare.Satureja hortensis. dill 13.Monarda didyma. balm sativa. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Thymus praecox subsp.Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana. 1.Mentha spicata. rue 20. tansy 11.Salvia officinalis. 26. arcticus. lemon 22. lettuce 10. 16. 14. 18.Impatiens capensis. sweet 25. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Artemisia absinthium. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Anethum graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum.Capsicum frutescens. garden sage 3.Petroselinum crispum.Allium fistulosum.Ruta graveolens. parsley 2. spearmint 21. summer basil savory 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. jewelweed24. aloe Grossum Group.Lindera benzoin. French tarragon 5.Hedeoma pulegioides.Mentha x piperita.Melissa officinalis. bee balm 19. sweet 17.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. encloses this plan.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Teucrium chamaedrys. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. . Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 14. 1. A low wall of brick. Perovskia abrotanoides. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium in variety. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. faced and capped with random. horizontally laid bluestone. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. French thyme 2. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. germander 7. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. Russian 13. too. 8.

blue 11. trumpet vine 16.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis. lavender 3.Alchemilla vulgaris.Santolina neapolitana 4.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'.Viburnum cassinoides.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon thyme 10. lady's6.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Campsis radicans.Hyssopus officinalis. witch hazel 18.Hamamelis virginiana. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lemon balm hyssop 12. crimson creeping thyme 9. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . white creeping thyme 5. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.-John'swort 17. Thymus × citriodorus. St.angustifolia. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.

the shrubsyew.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. holly. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. < previous page page_28 next page > . however. Although this is not a large garden. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. lilac. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. However. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. It is. box. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. Germander is a proper edging here.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

white hyssop 4.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. mantle chamomile 5.Salvia leucophylla. Corsican 24. 21. lilac 45. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Dictamnus albus. sweet cicely17. woolly thyme 7. 1. arcticus 'Albus'.Ruta graveolens. classic myrtle 15. mint silver mound artemisia 25. prostrate rosemary 13.Artemisia camphorata.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. 12. Marrubium vulgare. rue 6.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia sclarea.Santolina virens. 23. 26.Stachys byzantina. cottage pink 2. red creeping thyme 10.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. shrubby cinquefoil 46. Alchemilla vulgaris. Thymus praecox subsp.Borago officinalis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Japanese holly 42.Thymus praecox subsp.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. Mentha requienii.Cytisus supinus. broom 40. sweet albula.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Iris × germanica var. Japanese yew 44. gray sage savory 14.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Heliotropium arborescens.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. crimson creeping thyme 31. fringed wormwood 16. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lavender 22. white creeping thyme 37.Iris cristata. dwarf privet 48.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. Japanese holly 47. santolina alpine pink 28.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. florentina.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. lamb'sears 35. lady's.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Comptonia peregrina. blue horehound hyssop 3. winter 29. green 27. 18.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Teucrium chamaedrys. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. clary 30. dwarf box 41. Thymus praecox subsp. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 32. 9.Syringa patula. arcticus 'Coccineus'. germander 36. fraxinella 33.20.Anemone pulsatilla. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Viola odorata. columnal yew 43.Myrtus communis. orris 38. Myrrhis odorata. dwarf crested iris 39. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Santolina pinnata 34.Eloise & Jo Ray.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. sweet violet 19. alpine strawberry 8.Artemisia frigida. Simkins'.Chamaemelum nobile.

and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The direction a path takes can add interest. the center of interest for the herb garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. < previous page page_30 next page > . The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. while adding to the enclosure of the area. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. Other paths are brick. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. and one has an inset for a garden seat. and a vegetable garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. This hedge. an herb garden. a cutting garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. a running bond pattern. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone.

A.L. . Landscape Architect.A.S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.

Hemerocallis × luteola.Satureja hortensis. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. germander 39. yellow epimedium 15.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 47. Dictamnus albus.Origanum majorana.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. plantain lily 2. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Origanum heracleoticum. helenium 4. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. green santolina 42. columbine dwarf marigold 6. cottage pink French'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Satureja montana. 37. candytuft Standard'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. white 'Bouquet'. starsMaxima'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Aloysia triphylla. 55. alpine strawberry 3. Aquilegia chrysantha. Stokes' aster 31. Campanula persicifolia. Louise'.Lilium candidum.Ribes alpinum.Limonium latifolium. 50.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. Christmas 48. French tarragon 8. 52.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Pelargonium in variety. blue 27. lemon thyme 40. lemon 29.Hyssopus officinalis.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. 53. statice Solemacher'.Artemisia dracunculus var. verbena rose chive 11. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. York-andLancaster rose 16.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. lavender 18.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. Anethum graveolens 23.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Achillea taygetea.Salvia sclarea.Ocimum basilicum 54. lamb's-ears 49. 22. yellow 35.Allium schoenoprasum. blue hyssop 43. winter savory 44.Salvia officinalis. dill wishbone flower 5.Polystichum acrostichoides.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Galium odoratum. yellow 24.Stachys byzantina.Thymus × citriodorus. 1. sativa.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Magnolia virginiana. sweet marjoram 45. sweet 51. summer 34.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Teucrium chamaedrys. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. French thyme 7.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Helleborus niger.Digitalis grandiflora.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. purple basil Japanese holly 17. fraxinella 26.Stokesia laevis.The number in each planting area is the key number. clary 46. double white peony of-Persia 12.Petroselinum crispum var. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. pale 28. 14.Santolina virens. garden sage 56. blue iris 9. bush basil 41.Allium christophii.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 32.

< previous page page_32 next page > .< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. as in this case. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. a retaining wall or walls are needed.

R. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Iris cristata. lamb's25. 21.Alchemilla vulgaris. Ocimum basilicum. crispum.Aloysia triphylla.A.Tanacetum vulgare var. lady's43.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium schoenoprasum. Melissa officinalis.Viola odorata.A.45. Borago officinalis. lemon verbena 46. sweet 23. spearmint 41.Galium odoratum. English 44. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. bee balm 24. .Iris pseudacorus. Monarda didyma.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Mentha spicata. borage 26. The number in each planting area is the key number. Stachys byzantina. 42. lemon 22. 1. F. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.

Origanum heracleoticum.Quercus stellata.Satureja hortensis. curly mint 30.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium ampeloprasum. Egyptian onion 11. post crispum 'Banquet'. 33.Allium sativum.Elaeagnus pungens. summer 32. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Allium tuberosum. French tarragon holly 13. sweet marjoram 28.7. Porrum Group. pennyroyal 54.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium cepa.Marrubium vulgare. rue 51. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Salvia officinalis. catnip 50. dill 34. 37.Petroselinum crispum var.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. 40.Verbascum thapsus. leek 49. myrtle 58. salad burnet 10.Cornus florida.Cassia marilandica. citrata.Rosa × rehderana.Crataegus arkansana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. polyantha rose 12. Proliferum Group. curly parsley oak 17.Mentha × piperita var. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. mullein chive 47. clove 55.Dianthus caryophyllus. southernwood 31. pineapple38. horehound neapolitanum. carpet bugleweed 8. 52.Origanum majorana. orange mint 29. tabasco senna pepper 20. Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha pulegium. absinthe English thyme 27. garlic chive 48.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. 57. pink hawthorn 16. flowering dogwood 15.Anethum graveolens. garden sage 36. Greek 53.Ruta graveolens.Vinca minor.Capsicum frutescens.Artemisia abrotanum. 56.Salvia elegans.Nepeta cataria.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. Ajuga reptans.Artemisia absinthium. savory sativa.Chrysanthemum balsamita. rosemary 9. wild 39. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Artemisia dracunculus var. Rosmarinus officinalis. fennel 35.

Although this is a northeast exposure. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. and vinegars. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. mothproofing bags. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. < previous page page_34 next page > . a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. sleep pillows. However.

Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .

Tanacetum vulgare. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Agastache foeniculum.Satureja montana. dwarf nasturtium 37.Galium odoratum. nutmeg geranium 39.Tsuga canadensis.Mentha spicata.Levisticum officinale.Iris × germanica var. southernwood 9.Pelargonium fragrans.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. 'President Poincare'.Allium pulchellum 47.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Salvia officinalis. blue hyssop 35. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Proliferum Group.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Egyptian onion 42. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia abrotanum. Roman 20.Pelargonium × limoneum. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Salvia oficinalis.Melissa officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis . marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. lavender 7.Rosmarinus officinalis. 23. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Aloysia triphylla.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 18. balm valerian 15. lilac 32. 'Monge'.Valeriana officinalis. sativa. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Ocimum basilicum 27. rue 26. round-headed garlic 46. burnet lovage 6. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. salad 22. winter 29.Alchemilla vulgaris. florentina. 19. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium cepa. 1. 21. lily leek 44. chive 43. orris 17. Thymus × citriodorus. anise hyssop 14. lettuce in variety 25.Calendula officinalis.Allium sativum var. French tarragon 10. pot 28. garden sage 2. bay 48.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Thuja occidentalis. daylily in variety 41. 24. lemon 31. peppermint geranium 40. tansy 16.Hemerocallis.Pelargonium tomentosum.Tropaeolum minus. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. lemon verbena 36. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. 49. Petroselinum crispum var. purple basil sage 11. garden 'Purpurascens'.Allium sphaerocephalum.Rumex scutatus. 50.Allium moly.Allium schoenoprasum. Poterium sanguisorba. crispum. Ruta graveolens. bee balm 30. costmary 5.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia elegans. Lactuca. Hallock'.Laurus nobilis. Artemisia pontica.

Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Invasive. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. is the focus of the middle level. < previous page page_36 next page > . A simple knot. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.

1.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. salad burnet 23.Artemisia dracunculus var. valerian 5. foxglove 4.Sempervivum tectorum. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. fennel 25. golden thyme . houseleek 45. thyme 3.Marrubium vulgare.Armeria maritima.Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Valeriana officinalis. dwarf winter savory 2.Salvia elegans. pineapplescented sage 47.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. summer savory 43. bee balm 26. sativa. white thrift 24. pineapple mint 22.Satureja hortensis.Monarda didyma. horehound 46.Foeniculum vulgare. Satureja montana 'Nana'. French tarragon 44. Digitalis purpurea.

germander 56. 38.Levisticum officinale. winter bugloss 'Albus'. skirret 60.Anemone pulsatilla. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Lilium candidum.Hyssopus officinalis. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. pot 35. Angelica archangelica. 30. sweet basil sage 27. sweet 50.Teucrium chamaedrys. Isatis tinctoria.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Foeniculum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Rosa chinensis.Ocimum basilicum. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Salvia officinalis. sweet 32. absinthe 53.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French'.Ruta graveolens. 54.Helleborus orientalis.Symphytum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. pink 59. China rose comfrey 19.Eranthis hyemalis.Galium odoratum. 39.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. feverfew climbing rose 16. clary 48.Alchemilla vulgaris.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Origanum majorana. rue 31. dwarf edging box 21.Agrimonia eupatoria.Laurus nobilis. white 58. dyer's woad 7. English 52.Galium verum. marigold chive 15. parthenium.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. sweet 37. yellow 41.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. 61. Dictamnus albus. fraxinella 8. garden 42. 33. Madonna cicely lily 12. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Myrrhis odorata. 40.Crocus sativus.6.Calendula officinalis. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Lavandula angustifolia. pink 62.Rosa eglanteria. lavender Christmas rose 11. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Helleborus niger.Sium sisarum. rosemary 28.Salvia viridis. annual clary 51. white creeping thyme aconite 14. viper's 34.Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 55.Echium vulgare.Chrysanthemum 36. Salvia sclarea. angelica Lenten rose 10. blue hyssop 57.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus praecox subsp.

and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and the shagbark hickory. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. even though space is limited. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. < previous page page_38 next page > .< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. However. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Carya ovata. There is variety in this plan.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton. Landscape Architect .

Artemisia absinthium. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. flax Buxus sempervirens. citrata. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. sweet basil Satureja montana.Galium verum. Marrubium vulgare. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. bee balm Melissa officinalis. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina.Arisaema triphyllum. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. lamb's. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Canada Isatis tinctoria. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. rue Cornusflorida. sativa. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. Asarum canadense. red mint . box Ruta graveolens. stewardsonii. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. green santolina Primula veris. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. germander Agastache foeniculum. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. valerian Rosa damascena. Adiantum pedatum. French Galium odoratum. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. dogwood Salvia sclarea. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. angelica Mondarda didyma. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. Poterium sanguisorba. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Aloysia triphylla. borage Petroselinum crispum. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. box Buxus sempervirens. chive Ilex opaca. box Carya ovata. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

However. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. A clump of birch here. a dipping pool there. < previous page page_40 next page > . and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. is on a sandy knoll. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. too. A singular statue of St. first intended for the construction of a cottage. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. An informal. For this appearance. it is open on the side facing the house. unplanned look was desired. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. this excavation.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

12.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Convallaria majalis. 74. lamb's-ears parsley 19. orange geranium 11. fern-leaf tansy 23.Allium favum lovage 22. sea onion angelica 24.Origanum majorana.Vinca minor. garden sage lungwort 57. 36. 1. rue 29.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. Thymus praecox subsp. orris chamaecyparissus. Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. gray scented sage santolina 4. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Pelargonium tomentosum. 'Prostratus'.Achillea tomentosa.Origanum onites. purple basil 9.Thymus praecox subsp. celandine cicely 18.Allium schoenoprasum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Armeria maritima. Johnny-jump-up54. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 34. apple mint 49. pineapple3.Pelargonium denticulatum.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Viola tricolor. 70.Santolina florentina. 53.The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum.Glechoma hederacea. sweet 71.Pelargonium quercifolium. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 68. wild 51.Artemisia abrotanum. 63. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 69.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha suaveolens. lemon balm 44. catnip 73.Tanacetum vulgare var. peppermint 47. wild 43.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Monarda didyma.Pulmonaria officinalis.Althaea officinalis. pennyroyal 46.Angelica archangelica. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 59.Satureja hortensis. 58. 64. 8.Urginea maritima. Ruta graveolens.Salvia elegans.Digitalis purpurea.Origanum vulgare. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 32. 78.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 72. mint 50.Thymus herba-barona.Digitalis grandiflora.Chelidonium majus.Anthriscus cerefolium. red mint 48. spearmint 45.Monarda fistulosa.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. chive crispum. feverfew 27. 65.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 20. Iris × germanica var. white birch English lavender parthenium. 60. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. thrift55.Pelargonium crispum.Mentha spicata.Rosa 'Merry England'. 67. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Satureja montana. 38.Consolida orientalis. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. marsh 42. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. rose geranium 10.Teucrium canadense.Petroselinum crispum.Coriandrum sativum.Levisticum officinale. woolly thyme 13. Artemisia dracunculusvar. rose bergamot valerian 25.Ajuga reptans. bee balm .Poterium sanguisorba. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 77. Sempervivum tectorum. 33. pot 66. 76.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Hyssopus officinalis. 52.Pelargonium graveolens. golden 37. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Myrrhis odorata. 30. 61.Chrysanthemum 80.Mentha × gentilis. 75. lemon 35.Valeriana officinalis.Anethum graveolens. 31. creeping juniper 26.Mentha pulegium.Mentha × piperita. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Betula papyrifera.Marrubium vulgare.Stachys byzantina. blue 2.Pelargonium odoratissimum. myrtle 14. French'.Nepeta cataria.Melissa officinalis. 79. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Because of the edging box. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. and the two small trees. They are clustered around the smokehouse. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. < previous page page_42 next page > . the same as the smokehouse construction. making it more a part of the herb garden. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Foundation stone. is used for the wall. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the accents of the six large box. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure.

S. A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect. .A.L.

Artemisia abrotanum. bee balm 29.Alchemilla vulgaris.Buxus sempervirens.Crocus.Viola tricolor. orange mint 19. 47.Mentha × piperita var. lemon 34. 35. lemon basil 15.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. balm citrata. sweet 37.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Rosmarinus officinalis. balsamita. European ginger 4. lemon 36. lovage 46. 31. Lavandula angustifolia.Lilium candidum. sweet 26.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Mentha spicata. 21. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Dictamnus albus. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.The number in each planting area is the key number. 27. 40.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 44.Artemisia frigida. English 'Minimum'.Myrrhis odorata. Corsican 33. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Mentha × piperita. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. fraxinella 17. verbena English thyme 5. Asarum europaeum. dwarf edging box 14. Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum.Galium odoratum. sweet marjoram 2. sweet cicely45.Allium giganteum.Chrysanthemum 28.Satureja montana. species in variety crispum.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. pineapple mint 18. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.38. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Crataegus laevigata. Pelargonium graveolens.Levisticum officinale. summer 25. Ocimum basilicum 24.Prunus domestica.Fritillaria imperialis. 'Purpurascens'. blue angelica lungwort 20. spearmint 48. winter 42. 1.Melissa officinalis. 39.Ocimum basilicum 30.Mentha requienii. rosemary 3. crownbasil savory imperial 11. 41.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Ocimum basilicum. 22. fringed 43. box 'Citriodorum'.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 32.Angelica archangelica. lady's.Tanacetum vulgare var.Aloysia triphylla. purple basil sativa. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. Symphytum officinale.Pulmonaria officinalis. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. white 23. Origanum majorana.

the dwarf box edging. although it is ample at four feet. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. This is true also of the stone curbing. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. pink of Dianthus.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Lowgrowing. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. too. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. The dipping bowl. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. a soil retainer. < previous page page_44 next page > . Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Instead. This hedge. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. two specimen shrubs. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs.

A. A.L. .< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.S.

Digitalis grandiflora.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Thymus praecox subsp. rue25. 1.Myrica pensylvanica. 49.Aloysia triphylla. spearmint 48.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. green santolina 37.Lilium candidum.Pelargonium in variety. 'Lanuginosus'.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Galium odoratum.Convallaria majalis. catmint 35. orange mint 8.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Salvia sclarea.Heliotropium arborescens. borage 31.Ocimum basilicum.Sternbergia lutea.The number in each planting area is the key number. Origanum majorana. winter savory 39. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Mertensia virginica. caraway thyme albus. angustifolia 'Nana'.Mentha × piperita var. 20. sweet 47. marjoram crocus 7.Levisticum officinale.Mentha × piperita.Helleborus niger. thyme 29.Thymus herba-barona. 2. lemon 33.Angelica archangelica.Satureja montana. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet 27. Spanish bluebell 16.Nepeta mussinii. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Borago officinalis.Crocus tomasinianus.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 61. white creeping thyme lovage 10. Thymus doerfleri. lemon 60. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 54. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. 40. Salvia officinalis.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. prostrate rosemary 18. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. arcticus 34.57.Santolina virens.Narcissus triandrus var.Narcissus asturiensis. 52.Dicentra spectabilis. angel's-tears 59.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 50. Madonna 63.Galanthus nivalis. clary 32.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Mentha spicata. verbena snowflake 19.Pelargonium in variety.Anemone blanda. arcticus 30. 26. 17. 51.Hamamelis virginiana. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 53. 44.Crocus kotschyanus. 45. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. lily. white 42.Allium giganteum angelica 11. gray 22. golden thyme41.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Leucojum aestivum. lamb's-ears 28.Tulipa clusiana.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Allium christophii. American 38. Stachys byzantina. tulip citrata. 43. Compactus'.Crocus angustifolius. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 56. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. 46. 36. Thymus praecox subsp.Teucrium canadense. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Crocus speciosus.Helleborus lividus subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. black cohosh windflower 15. sweet 55. 58.Cimicifuga racemosa.

The results have been most satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. First. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Morning sun warms it early. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. very livable and profoundly satisfying. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Second.

Tulipa tarda. English thyme 43. wild celery 42.Artemisia lactiflora. 1. The number in each planting area is the key number. marigold 41. leek 46. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 26. .Apium graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Salvia officinalis. sweet basil 23.Allium ampeloprasum.Allium neapolitanum.Tagetes 'Lulu'. French tarragon 5. A. Beauty'. Ocimum basilicum.A. tulip 45. Origanum heracleoticum. absinthe sativa. Thymus × citriodorus. woolly thyme 3. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage 4. crocus 44.Crocus sieberi. lemon 21.Salvia sclarea. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Artemisia absinthium 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Landscape Architect. 'Lambrook Silver'. 25. clary thyme 22.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. Porrum Group.S.L.

curly parsley 20. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . 8. 58.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. American marjoram Yellow'. 29.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Allium senescens var. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. 32. white evergreen azalea 16.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. lovage 34. pale 49. Lavandula angustifolia. blue 38.Galium mollugo. butterfly 47.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Cornus florida. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lobelia Sherbert'. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Ipomoea alba. weed chive 48.Origanum majorana. 56. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Aconitum napellus. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. 39. lamb's-ears 52. American elderberry 15.Artemisia camphorata.foxglove 7. 54.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Achillea filipendula 60.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Digitalis grandiflora.Tropaeolum minus. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina virens. lemon 50.Clematis 'Mrs.Dictamnus albus. yellow 55. catmint 53.Asclepias tuberosa.Malus hupehensis.Allium schoenoprasum. Viola odorata. red currant gray santolina 13.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. clematis 11. pink 30.Lobelia siphilitica.Petroselinum crispum var. green 40. viola holly 18.Crataegus phaenopyrum. Robert verbena Brydon'.Dianthus × allwoodii. great 31.Nepeta × faassenii. alpine 28. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Ilex opaca.Stachys byzantina.Hyssopus officinalis. fraxinella 36. dogwood 19. monkshood upright yew 17.Ribes sativum. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Aloysia triphylla. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. sweet 37.Levisticum officinale.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

The four herb beds. A birdbath of copper. are raised with bricks on edge. an impression of Sol in it. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. repeats again the octagonal form. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . even though the growing area is not extensive.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 1.Nepeta mussinii. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lavender 15. prostrate rosemary 34. lemon 41. heliotrope 31.Mentha × piperita. Semple. gray 'Prince of Orange'. Artemisia dracunculus var. lavender pine geranium chive 13. purple basil 24.Salvia sclarea. French 26.Joan E.Allium schoenoprasum. clove pink 10.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina 25. lamb's-ears 17. spearmint southernwood 5.Mentha spicata. Galium odoratum. sweet woodruff 9. bush basil 23. thyme salad burnet 40. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. rosemary 33.Petroselinum crispum var. curly mint 3. French tarragon 7. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . sweet basil 22. dill 18.Lavandula dentata. 42.Ruta graveolens. Anethum graveolens.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Heliotropium arborescens. white creeping thyme 12. 19. Artemisia absinthium.Pelargonium tomentosum.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. orange santolina geranium 11. absinthe 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English thyme horehound 2.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium denticulatum. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. golden variegated garden sage 38.Allium tuberosum. angustifolia. 16.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium crispum.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium graveolens. peppermint 4. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Poterium sanguisorba.Salvia officinalis. 29.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. clary 21. Stachys byzantina. 43. curly parsley 32. crispum. variegated garden sage 37. purple variegated garden sage 36. rue 35.Aloysia triphylla. 28. 27.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. silver mound artemisia 8. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 39. sativa. lemon 30. catmint 6.Rosmarinus officinalis.

if neither is available. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. too.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. < previous page page_52 next page > . and lantana are a few. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. A suitable fence. A birdbath may replace the pool. a toolhouse. lemon verbena. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose geranium. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet santolina marjoram 6. 7.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.A. 13. zonal geranium 19.L.Pelargonium frutetorum.Aloysia triphylla. lavender 3. green 12. zonal geranium 18. crispum. 1. lemon 10. bush basil 5.Chenopodium botrys.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Thymus × citriodorus. geranium 16.Tanacetum vulgare var. rosescented geranium 17.Santolina virens.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. arcticus 'Albus'. fern-leaf tansy 8. 9. Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architect. heliotrope 21. gray santolina chamomile 14. A.Santolina chamaecyparissus. woolly thyme 15.Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme 2. verbena ambrosia 4.Artemisia absinthium 11.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 20. absinthe 'Minimum'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Chamaemelum nobile.S.

< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. As the snows melt. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. mints. a deep mauve to others. apothecary's rose. artemisias. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Angelica. the design is clearly traced. box. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. a sundial. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. These can easily obliterate a design. Box and holly enclose it all. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. but the design itself has endured forty years. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. The dwarf box frames the focal point.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

white creeping thyme French'.Artemisia camphorata. rosemary 25. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Myrrhis odorata. sweet European ginger cicely 3. piney 44. florentina. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Buxus sempervirens.Hyssopus officinalis. clove pink 29.Monarda fistulosa. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lamium album. leaf geranium French lavender 8. Satureja montana. bush basil nettle orpine 4. green. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Sedum telephium. white 66. Tropaeolum majus.Armeria maritima. arcticus 38. feverfew 14. Santolina virens. perilla 51.Teucrium chamaedrys.Helleborus niger. valerian 6. marjoram lungwort crispum.Sempervivum tectorum.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus praecox subsp. germander 43.James D. sweet woodruff45.Pulmonaria officinalis. skirret 53.Perillafrutescens.47. weld 54. winter savory 32. Pelargonium in variety.30.Pyrus communis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum onites. 55. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. fern-leaf tansy 5. dwarf edging box 21. arcticus 39. butterfly weed35. arcticus 40.Santolina neapolitana 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lady's-mantle 46. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. orris 57. orris box 22. 1. lamb's-ears 33. bronze 64. gray 37.Artemisia absinthium. blue 50.Sium sisarum.Thymus praecox subsp. 26.Helleborus orientalis. 59.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Iris × germanica var.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Arisaema dracontium.Lavandula angustifolia. nasturtium 28.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. 58. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Valeriana officinalis.Taxus. 48. sweet 27.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Foeniculum vulgare. dyer's woad 9. Dianthus caryophyllus. wild 52.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Asclepias tuberosa. thrift 41.Reseda luteola. Canadian burnet 13. yew Beauty'. scented.Alchemilla vulgaris. crimson creeping thyme 18. green santolina 24. Graham. 'Albus'. southernwood 2. chamomile 31. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Astrantia major.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Stachys byzantina.Galium odoratum. 65.Lilium candidum. alpine 60. houseleek Lenten rose 11. masterwort 69. blue hyssop 42.Tanacetum vulgare var.Vitis. Chamaemelum nobile. lilac 70.Lavandula dentata. daffodil 17. 67. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . apothecary's rose lavender 20. grape fennel 19.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Syringa.Alchemilla alpina. 56.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. white dead 49.Isatis tinctoria. absinthe 34.Symphytum officinale.Melissa officinalis.Asarum europaeum. rue 23.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. 62. Origanum majorana.63.Paeonia officinalis. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.

an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. At the top of the steps.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. If there is room for only one rambler rose. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. The large. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. However. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. with buds of red. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Rosa 'Albertine'. include this one. rising from the courtyard. They are small specialty beds. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. The brick edging around each bed is a help. pink. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. In addition to the brick edging around each. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. < previous page page_56 next page > .

Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. 23. Angelica archangelica. English thyme . angelica 20. foxglove 39. Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. garden sage 40. 1.Rheum rhabarbarum. alpine strawberry 3. bush basil 43.Thymus × citriodorus.Melissa officinalis. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. subsp. Carum carvi.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. winter savory 41. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Borago officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lavender 4. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. 22. lemon balm 42. tansy Bois'. caraway 24.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare.Satureja montana. rhubarb 2.

Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. rose 28. citrata.Laurus nobilis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Aloysia triphylla. silver 27. 49. 35. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. clove pink Mammoth'. centifolia var. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Salvia elegans. pot 50. Thymus 'Argenteus'.R. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.R. sweet 37.Dianthus Victoria'.Lavandula dentata. musk rose 12.Satureja hortensis. 54. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Mentha × piperita var. 45.Petroselinum crispum var. bourbon rose 10. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. thyme frutescens.R. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.'Baronne Prevost'. muscosa 15. Hyssopus officinalis. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. pineapple34.Chrysanthemum 46.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. centifolia 'Cristata'.Pelargonium.sativa.Tagetes filifolia. borboniana 'La Reine 14.6. salad 7. geranium in 30.Chrysanthemum. French 33. marguerite chive 9.Origanum majorana.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. cheddar pink 53.Poterium sanguisorba. var. Consolida ambigua.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R. prostrate rosemary 16.R. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. curly parsley 26. Pelargonium graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum.Chenopodium 55. lemon 51. Mexican tea 18. 29.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. 31. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Marrubium vulgare. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.R. Irish-lace 48.Calendula officinalis. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. blue hyssop 25.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.R. centifolia.'Albertine'.R. 56.Anethum graveolens 47. 36. French'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.

Laid in an unusual pattern. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. too. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is near the house. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. < previous page page_58 next page > . Beautifully precise and symmetrical. as it should be. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Balance is augmented.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. angustifolia 'Munstead'. sweet basil 14.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. 24. English thyme signet marigold 11.A. dill 9.Poterium sanguisorba.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. white creeping thyme 4. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. 17. 20.Ocimum basilicum.Heliotropium arborescens.Aloysia triphylla.L. 1. heliotrope 3. arcticus 'Albus'. 19. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf edging box 8. English'. green 22.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Santolina virens. lavender 2.Lucile Teeter Kissack. A. 21. santolina moss rose 7. 23.Origanum majorana. chive lemon verbena 6. 16. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop 13. The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja hortensis.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.S. rosemary yellow viola 10.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. double white peony 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Anethum graveolens. gray 15.Allium schoenoprasum.Myosotis sylvatica.

and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. < previous page page_60 next page > . it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and a comfortable. The grape vines.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. the fence with roses. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. potted lemon verbena. winter pruned. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. Herbs. and the grape arbor. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. too.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. sweet climbing rose. Althaea officinalis. 3. conical yew rosemary 1. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Galium odoratum. Iris cristata. lamb's-ears Santolina virens.Amsonia tabernaemontana. three. purple variegated garden sage 4. Nepeta mussinii. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Teucrium chamaedrys. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Stachys byzantina. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Aloysia triphylla. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. marsh climbing rose. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Valeriana officinalis. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. BED II germander BED IV 2. lemon Linum perenne. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris.

fairy rose Giant'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. lemon Anemone hybrida. Sempervivum. Rosmarinus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. plume Baptisia australis. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. houseleek in variety 7. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. tuberosa 6. catmint 5. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. lemon thyme 9. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus × citriodorus. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Thymus. creeping thyme in variety 8. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Delphinium × belladonna. angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 10.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. beach Marrubium vulgare. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > .

its detail is shown below. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. if desired. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Later. blue green. planted in bands across these beds. myrtle. Another angle could be tried with these. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Herbs. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. magnolia. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. tend to broaden the width of the garden. holly. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. grew too large. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Ivy. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. silver. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. and bright green in the herb beds. Either it flourished too well. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

silver-king artemisia 23.Levisticum officinale. thyme 37.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff 36.Buxus sempervirens 14. American holly 31. bush basil albula. bayberry balm thyme 13. French 27.Marrubium vulgare. gray santolina 15.Myrica pensylvanica.Lavandula angustifolia. dwarf 21. tansy 45.Hedera helix. winter 'Purpurascens'. English ivy burnet 10.Laurus nobilis. 'Minimum'. ears rose geranium 3. horehound germander 17. lemon 46. French thyme 39.Magnolia grandiflora. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 25. 49.Thymus 'Argenteus'. spearmint 42.Satureja montana.Teucrium chamaedrys. myrtle 47. sweet 34.Mentha suaveolens. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Pelargonium × nervosum. lime geranium 4. lemon 29. Ruta graveolens. Tropaeolum minus.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. purple basil savory 35.Pelargonium graveolens.Vinca minor.Monarda didyma. salad 43. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus herba-barona.Chamaemelum nobile. woolly thyme 8.Rumex scutatus.Galium odoratum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus carnosus. white creeping thyme 41. Ocimum basilicum 24.Thymus doerfleri. lovage 48.Ilex opaca. bay rosemary 12. English'.Origanum majorana. thyme 38.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Artemisia abrotanum. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. lamb's. rue 20. purple garden sage 7. box chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp. Stachys byzantina. caraway thyme 40. 1. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.19.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Pelargonium fragrans. 44. Ocimum basilicum 22. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. Borago officinalis. English thyme chamomile 2. dwarf edging box 11. 28.Mentha spicata. borage 26. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. 33.Melissa officinalis.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. 6. bee balm30.Tanacetum vulgare.

as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. maypoles.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. and treessome of which are espaliered. too. adding to the space for walking. < previous page page_64 next page > . There is variety in the walks. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. standards. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The use of flagstone. It is a large garden. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. too. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The four potted bay. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. brick. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. It is located for the best viewing. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. potted shrubs. Laurus nobilis. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. accent this prime focal point even more.

maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.50. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . 26.53.Chrysanthemum balsamita.P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.P.quercifolium.Viola tricolor.acerifolium.P. fragrans. 1. Johnny-jump. 25. 51.P.Nigella damascena.odoratissimum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.P. Satureja montana. musty oakscented geranium 5.Chenopodium botrys. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. apple English thyme up geranium 3. lemon 29. wild 28. winter 27. pot 52. love-in. 49. Thymus × citriodorus.Calendula officinalis.

Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. denticulatum 11.P. camphor-scented geranium 69. salad 42. parsley 35.Anethum graveolens. strawberry 48.P.P. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. fern-leaf 'Nana'. dill 36.Livingston'.Achilleafilipendula.Origanum majorana.Thymus serpyllum. lettuce 39.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Salvia caerulea. box 19.Origanum dictamnus.P. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. orange geranium 23. Hyssopus officinalis. 62. lemon 47.Acorus calamus. bay 20.Monarda didyma.Viola odorata.P. bronze 38. lemon balm 45. Rosmarinus officinalis. forsythia 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P.P. radens.Mentha pulegium. fern-leaf 60.Petroselinum crispum. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. rosemary 9.Malus angustifolia.P. golden lemon thyme 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. garden sage 54. English lavender 32. lemon geranium 33. lemon 65. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. denticulatum. pine crispum.Levisticum officinale. sweet flag 16. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Salvia officinalis. sweet 37. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.6. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. classic 21. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Foeniculum vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba.P.Pelargonium crispum.Aloysia triphylla. graveolens. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Forsythia. French tarragon Rose'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Poncirus trifoliata.P.72.Artemisia dracunculus var.× nervosum.Lavandula angustifolia. radens 'Dr. rose geranium66. 71. lime geranium 55. crispum. Chamaemelum nobile. lemon-rose geranium 22. wild thyme 31.Malus. crispum 'Minor'.Laurus nobilis. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. cherry tomato chive 17. 44.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon geranium 56. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Fragaria vesca.P.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. chamomile 8. 58. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. horehound 46. peppermint 67.Mentha. 64. white sweet yarrow violet 13. bee balm 63. 57. tomentosum. 41.Allium schoenoprasum. pheasant's.P. blue hyssop 10. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. arcticus43. lettuce 40.P.Tanacetum vulgare var.Marrubium vulgare. glutinosum. 61.Allium senescens var. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Melissa officinalis. crowfoot 70.Myrtus communis.

Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. too. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. and Allium karataviense. In keeping with this feeling. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. < previous page page_66 next page > . This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The result is one of sculptured elegance. This is a large garden by any standard. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. green santolina. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Allium moly. dwarf garden 17. garden sage 18. blue hyssop 16. 1. big blue lilyturf 12. Baker. fringed 7. 15. green santolina 14.Satureja montana. arcticus.Salvia officinalis.Liriope muscari. Mentha suaveolens. apple mint 13. wormwood fennel 2.Allium christophii. lemon 11.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. gray 10.Artemisia frigida. chive 4. Santolina virens.Allium sativa. winter savory 9.Levisticum officinale. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. Artemisia dracunculus var.Santolina chamaecyparissus. French tarragon schoenoprasum. 8.Florence B. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Thymus × citriodorus.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. the square. the upper deck. the circle. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. for the box after new spring growth. < previous page page_70 next page > . Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. and the front porch of the house. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Many herb gardens could provide this. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

dwarf myrtle 6.Satureja montana. lemon 8.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. Italian cypress 9.The number in each planting area is the key number.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . chamomile 2. viola 3.Cedrus deodara. dwarf edging box 7. 1. lavender 5.Chamaemelum nobile.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. winter savory 4.Cupressus sempervirens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.

Coin with Tudor rose design. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Paths are gravel.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. as it was with this plan." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Roses. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed.. from Peter Coats. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Primula vulgaris.Buxus sempervirens. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Mentha × piperita.Iris pseudacorus. caraway 35.Anemone pulsatilla.Crocus sativus. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. lemon balm 31. Foeniculum vulgare. Chamaemelum nobile.Lactuca sativa. 19.Fumaria officinalis. clove20. 34. fennel 21.Primula elatior. monkshood27. mallow 13. pot marigold 15.Carum carvi.Crithmum maritimum. parsley 29.The number in each planting area is the key number.Fragaria vesca. chamomile 4. salad burnet 10.Aconitum napellus. Origanum majorana.Melissa officinalis.Viola odorata.Satureja montana.Viola tricolor.Ruta graveolens. classic myrtle 18. sweet marjoram 3. Dianthus caryophyllus.Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus serpyllum. winter 32. saffron lily crocus 12.Bellis perennis. 22. spearmint 30. blue hyssop 2. English pasqueflower primrose 14. rue 33. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . yellow flag 26.Petroselinum crispum. 1. English daisy 36. oxlip 17. sweet violet 6.Mentha spicata.Rosmarinus officinalis. wild thyme 5. Hyssopus officinalis. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. Madonna 23. 25.Lilium candidum.Poterium sanguisorba.Calendula officinalis. absinthe peppermint 8. Eryngium maritimum.Myrtus communis. rosemary 16. earth 24. Malva sylvestris. lettuce 28.

" Concrete blocks.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. Selected for this reason. silver mound. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. spurred. However. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. its tufted. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. white blooms and woolly. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. along with a measure of fragrance. white. plumed. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. most of the blooms are nightscented. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. but Always Love. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > .

Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. lamb's.Galium odoratum.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. silver 16.19. silver mound artemisia 3. 'Albus'. Stachys byzantina. 1. white . Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Marrubiam vulgare. petunia 30. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 17.Galanthus nivalis. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. pink 15.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. white 32. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Lilium candidum. sweet 31. horehound 2.Dictamnus albus.

Viola odorata.Polianthes tuberosa.Lunaria annua.21. white stock absinthe 10. daffodil 35. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. dame's honesty rocket 14. 25. tulip 38. western mugwort 7. 28. rose 41. needle florentina.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Artemisia absinthium.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Adam's. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . tuberose 36. Yucca filamentosa.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. orris 8.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. Artemisia lactiflora.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.6. white 22.Matthiola incana.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. lily-ofthe-valley 11. sweet violet 20. moonflower 39.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. lavender 12. tulip 37. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. rose 40.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia stellerana.Convallaria majalis.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. beach mugwort wormwood 9. albula. 26.Ipomoea alba. white 27.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Artemisia ludoviciana.Hesperis matronalis. clary 24.Malus 'Guiding Star'. 23.

textures. < previous page page_76 next page > . The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. too. This herb garden. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. Rather. required their use as an educational adjunct.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. related to an old mill reconstruction. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Many of these herbs lack the hues.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

Dipsacus sativus.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. saffron crocus marguerite 3. Boehmeria nivea. madder 54. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Rumex obtusifolius.Solidago species. 29.Phytolacca americana. onion China jute 4. 22. dyer's broom safflower 6. yellow 55. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Parmelia conspersa. weld 57. St.Anthemis tinctoria. French 33.Pteridium aquilinum.Berberis vulgaris. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Galium odoratum.Agrimonia eupatoria. 34. Hibiscus cannabinus.Monarda didyma. queen.Carthamus tinctorius.Genista tinctoria..Genista germanica.Urtica dioica.Viburnum acerifolium. Manila 25. 47.Chelidonium majus.Coptis trifolia. 35. alkanet 52.Morus rubra or alba. privet marigold 15. Scotch broom hemp 7.Allium cepa.Galium verum. goldthread 41. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Furcraea hexapetala.Hydrastis canadensis. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Vaccinium angustifolium var. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. black-eyed 50.Rhus typhina. sweet 49. 39. fuller's 30. 53.Reseda luteola.Coreopsis tinctoria. Sansevieria trifasciata.Anchusa officinalis. 32. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Convallaria majalis. Agave fourcroydes. Gossypium hirsutum.51.Cladrastis lutea. African 45.Ligustrum vulgare. 23.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Rubia tinctorum. flax 21. stinging nettle44. 20. sumac poke 17. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Prunus persica.Hypericum perforatum. ramie 24. 28. Linum usitatissimum.Tagetes patula. 1.Sanguinaria canadensis. peach bracken sorrel 19. Abutilon theophrasti.Indigofera tinctoria.Rumex acetosa. sisal 27. broad 42. blueberry 13. dyer's 31.Tagetes erecta.Crocus sativus.38. 43.Mahonia aquifolium. lily.Isatis tinctoria.Filipendula ulmaria. 37.Cotinus coggygria. 48. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. garden 56. Musa textilis.Cytisus scoparius. bee 36.Rudbeckia hirta.46. woad Susan laevifolium. golden 40. 26. Agave sisalana.

pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. as well as the roses. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. A totally appealing edging. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. Elsewhere. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. < previous page page_78 next page > . Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'Sombreuil'. rambler 19. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. cl. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 18. 24. Legras de St. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 23. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Belle Amour' 6. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 22. cl. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'American Pillar'. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. 'White Rose of York' 3. Alfred de Rougemont'.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 25. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 1. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Marie Pavic' 8. rambler 20. cl. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. cl. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11.

The notch of four square feet. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. Circles and angles provide interest. < previous page page_80 next page > . There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

C.B. red 37. annuum 'Teno'. annuum 'Mosaic'.B.S. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. dulce 47.B. 29.B.Cichorium intybus. eggplant 43. C.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.A. Boerner. celery Bed 9. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. Beauty'.S. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.B. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. kohlrabi Rock'. 27. garlic chive 44. white-flowered kale 49. red-flowered kale 6. oleracea 'Green Parade'. oleracea 'Prima'. curly eggplant parsley 23.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. 40. sprouts celery 8. annuum 'Nosegay'. schoenoprasum. celery I 31.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. tuberosum. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. red 38. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. graveolens var. scorodoprasum. cepa Proliferum Group.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. C. C. annuum 'Pinocchio'. Capsicum annuum var.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.A. annuum 'Black Prince'. giant garlic var.Solanum melongena var.B. 48. 25. C.B.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.A. crispum 'Banquet'.A. Petroselinum crispum var.C.A.annuum 'Floral Gem'.C. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .Apium graveolens var. annuum 'Fips'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. 45. melongena 2. pear Purple Vienna'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. graveolens var. cherry tomato 34. annuum 'Variegata'. 24. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.A. shallot Lakes'. 28.B.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.B. chive 42. ruby swiss chard var. 26. 30. C. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.L.sativa 'Ruby'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. annuum 'Red Boy'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. leek 5. graveolens var. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.A. dulce 50.A. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.C.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 32. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.B.esculentum 'Long Black'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. annuum 'Golden Bell'. lycopersicum var.C.C. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. celery Group.L. oleracea 'Red Acre'. C.B.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. 22. melongena 1. C. 39.A.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.

arcs.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. and golden thyme. All of the circles. When viewed from the terrace above. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. for each is a complete entity. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. winter savory. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > .

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

germander crowfoot geranium 21. lemon geranium 22.A.Ilex glabra.L. acerifolium. rose geranium 27.P. 17. 1. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. 19.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.P.× nervosum. crispum 'French Lace. A. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.P.P. Livingston'. The number in each planting area is the key number. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.' lemon geranium 23. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. crispum. peppermint 26. P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. 12. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. × domesticum 6. maple-leaved 18. golden 11.P. × nervosum 'Torento'. Satureja montana. tomentosum. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . apple gray santolina geranium 3. P.P. inkberry geranium 9.P. Assoc. oak-leaved geranium 16.P. orange geranium 8.. pungent-scented geranium 25. 29.P.Melissa R. odoratissimum.P.P. scabrum. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. radens 'Dr. Landscape Architect. lime geranium Rose'. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. winter 13.Myrica pensylvanica.P. P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 15.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.S. green 14. grossularioides. Marshall. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P. rose-scented geranium 4. graveolens. Santolina virens. apricot geranium28. gooseberry geranium 24. Teucrium chamaedrys.P.

English lavender 2. To ease the care for a more complicated design. filled with plants that have contrasting color. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. sand. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. especially when it is blooming. on page 37.Hyssopus officinalis. 1. Maintenance is high for a knot. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. closed knot design. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina virens. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. For the knot to look its best at all times. or marble chips. Its interspaces can be mulched. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. was planted using edging box only. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. blue hyssop 3. and growth to the plants of the knot design. texture. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. such as a dwarf edging box. . A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. which is framed with a brick edging." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design.

crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . 1. dwarf edging box 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. green santolina 2.Thymus praecox subsp.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'. gray santolina 3.

It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.Thymus praecox subsp. caraway thyme 9. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. which is found more often out in the open.T. Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. lavender Japanese barberry 5. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.officinalis 'Tricolor'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. Some maintenance is required for clipping. herba-barona. praecox subsp. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. arcticus 'Albus'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. variegated garden sage . The knot material is maintained at six inches. 8. fig 4.S. creeping thymes. the height of the edging. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. which are confined to that area. In another departure from the usual. Teucrium chamaedrys. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. purple variegated 11. 'Munstead'. 1. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. rosemary creeping thyme 2. white 7.T.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. lavender . gray santolina 2. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. American germander 3. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Teucrium canadense.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. germander .< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.Teucrium chamaedrys. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. setting it off admirably.

2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

adding another facet to an appealing design. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. which are also laid on edge. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. each one a quarter-circle. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. pleasing color. < previous page page_88 next page > . The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. again laid on edge. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Leontopodium alpinum. Russian sage 24.Santolina neapolitana 10. tree artemisia 26.Allium senescens var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. samphire14.Marrubium incanum.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number.Helichrysum angustifolium. golden marguerite 25. lavender 8. rue 21. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 18.Artemisia frigida. 1.Crithmum maritimum.Anthemis marschalliana. gray santolina 2.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Salvia argentea.Stachys byzantina. French lavender 3.Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia 'Rosea'. curry plant 7. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Salvia clevelandii. silver sage 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. tree germander 22. grenadin pink chamomile 4. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Artemisia arborescens. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . silver horehound 19. lavender 9. silver thyme 6.Perovskia atriplicifolia. dwarf 12.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. blue sage 13. candicans. dwarf gray santolina 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula dentata var. woolly yarrow 23.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. glaucum 11. 17. lavender 5.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Anthemis tinctoria.

the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. Some are rosemary.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. As with other plant material. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. and the savories. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. are without number. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. oregano. thyme. Styles of containers. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. sweet marjoram. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. which include hanging baskets. basil. The color of the container plays a lesser role. If one is familiar with herbs. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. lady's-mantle. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. < previous page page_90 next page > . Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold.

< previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden.

Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. If children's interest is not sustained. However. < previous page page_95 next page > . The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Of course supervision is necessary. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S.L. LandscapeArchitect. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. A.A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. such an outlay would be unwarranted. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.

and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. A sundial can be fun and also educational. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. they are easily handpicked. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. too. These are ''old roses. Instead of benches on the patio. < previous page page_96 next page > . It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Children in this age group can help with the construction. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers." selected for their greater fragrance.

Landscape Architect. A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S.A. .L.

20. 19.Allium senescens var. neapolitanum.Rosa damascena.Rosa gallica. Dianthus plumarius. horehound 26. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Salvia officinalis. 1. English lavender 4. alpine strawberry 3. glaucum 31. southernwood 5. Italian parsley 23. cottage pink 18. borage 15. catnip 27. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 13. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Artemisia camphorata.Allium sativum var.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium moly. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Isatis tinctoria.Marrubium vulgare. Levisticum officinale. English lavender 7. love-in-a-mist 14.rocambole 28. garden sage 24.Anethum graveolens. ambrosia 2. Petroselinum crispum var. Borago officinalis. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Allium tuberosum. garlic chive 29. lovage 12.Tropaeolum minus. pot marigold 8. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. clary 25.Hedeoma pulegioides.Nepeta cataria. dill pennyroyal 11.Calendula officinalis. damask rose 32. summer savory 22.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis.Lavandula angustifolia.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia abrotanum. dyer's bush basil woad 9. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. lily leek 30.Salvia sclarea.Chenopodium botrys. Nigella damascena. ophioscorodon. crispum. American 21. 16. dwarf 6.

this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. previously used as a skating rink. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. are a seal and a turtle. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The sculptures. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The oval. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. not noted on the plan. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. All are inviting to the touch. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. < previous page page_98 next page > . making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator.

A.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R. . F. Landscape Architect.

blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. bee balm Satureja montana. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. tansy Monarda didyma. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. marigold Salvia officinalis. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. coltsfoot Mimulus. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. chive dandelion Allium sativum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. English Tussilago farfara. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. winter savory Mentha. fat-hen Primula veris. Trifolium pratense. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . dog violet Lemna. Allium schoenoprasum.Hedeoma pulegioides. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Foeniculum vulgare. borage Tanacetum vulgare. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. bee orchid Erigeron. cowslip Linaria. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. mint Galium odoratum. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. Greek Stachys byzantina. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. Nepeta cataria. fleabane Stellaria. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. mint Tagetes. duckweed Antennaria. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. chamomile Mentha. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens.

and old barn beams another about the same height. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Here. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. are superb for displaying potted herbs. < previous page page_101 next page > . Its plant list. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. for an old barn foundation of stone. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. developed particularly for study. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Still. A number of wooden window frames. it is a most satisfying growing situation. its wooden structure long gone. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Instead. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. an exceedingly long one. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. a mint. feverfew. Their height eases the task of weeding. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

Monarda didyma.Agastache foeniculum.O. 50. beach 47.Aloysia triphylla.Rubia tinctorum.Poterium sanguisorba.Ranunculus ficaria. celandine madder 79. lemon thyme 100.O.T. betony 92. golden marjoram 26.Angelica archangelica. praecox subsp.O. mosquito plant 19. odoratissimum. basil blue hyssop 15. angelica lemon geranium 5. pontica. thyme 102. apple wormwood geranium 8. rose costmary campion 23.Ruta graveolens. sweet 41. abrotanum. pot marigold 25.Sium sisarum.Hypericum perforatum.T. 45. herba-barona. sweet celandine marjoram 28. praecox subsp.Calamintha grandiflora. wormwood germander 9.Lavandula angustifolia. marsh mallow 13.O.Tanacetum vulgare var.O.Geranium robertianum.Thymus praecox subsp. 43. southernwood ground cherry 10.A. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Sempervivum tectorum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Viola odorata. sweet 53. purple variegated garden sage 85.Salvia officinalis. majorana.Galium odoratum. plantain 80. variegated garden sage 87.Agastache cana.T. richardii subsp.P.A. rosemary 82. camphorata.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 54.Veronica serpyllifolia. purple basil English lavender 18. sweet cicely 94.Plantago major. crispum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Digitalis purpurea.Achillea millefolium.Alchemilla vulgaris. basilicum 56.Physalis heterophylla. camphor. pink 58.T. officinalis 'Tricolor'. 48. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Stachys officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. 55. golden thyme 98. arcticus 'Albus'. absinthium. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Asarum canadense. lemon 52. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. golden variegated garden sage 86. St. absinthe 51. 42.Campanula persicifolia.S. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Viola tricolor. balm horehound 14. foxglove 2. × citriodorus.P. creeping veronica . French tarragon geranium 7. basilicum 'Minimum'.Nepeta mussinii. 64.A.Artemisia dracunculus var.T.Genista tinctoria. 66. pallasianus.Euphorbia cyparissias. caraway thyme 103. silver thyme 105. 1.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Melissa officinalis.T.Acinos alpinus. lesser 67. southernwood houseleek 12.Levisticum officinale.Calendula officinalis. nitidus. bee balm lovage 20. Grecian 59.Althaea officinalis. Roman 46. alpine savory 89. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. viper's 65. 62. officinalis 'Purpurea'. skirret 90. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. sweet violet 40.Marrubium vulgare.S.T. tomentosum.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. stellerana. woolly thyme 101. 60.Campanula rapunculus. yarrow herb Robert 4.S. wild lemon basil ginger 16.A. golden lemon thyme 99.Digitalis lanata. bee balm57. winter savory 88. 61.49.Hyssopus officinalis. pot marjoram bugloss 27. foxglove cypress spurge 21. rue 83. onites.Myrrhis odorata. 'Purpurascens'. 44.T. lemon verbena 106. graveolens. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Ocimum basilicum. crimson creeping thyme 96.Echium vulgare.A.A.P.T 'Argenteus'.Stachys grandifora 93.-John'swort 91. dyer's woodruff broom 3. calamint valerian 24. officinalis 'Aurea'.Lychnis coronaria. 'Clear Gold'. didyma 'Rosea'. white creeping thyme 97. garden sage 84.Teucrium chamaedrys.M.Chelidonium majus.Satureja montana. odorous thyme 104. rose sativa. rampion 81. fern-leaf tansy 95.Pelargonium crispum.Valeriana officinalis. catmint 63.

red mint comfrey 33. × piperita var. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Myrtus communis.Verbascum thapsus.Chamaemelum nobile. apple mint 69.Anthriscus cerefolium.M.Cichorium intybus.Symphytum officinale.Mentha suaveolens. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. feverfew cinerariifolium. curry plant mullein 35.A.Dianthus plumarius 75. pineapple mint 31. orange mint 32. moth 113.Veronica officinalis. chicory 70. citrata. ostrowskianum 34.cepa.Primula veris.29.V.A. chervil 68.M. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. cowslip 72.Prunus pensylvanica. 71. yucca 109. blattaria. spicata. 114.Chrysanthemum parthenium. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. 76.M.Laurus nobilis.Isatis tinctoria.Origanum dictamnus. orach115. wild 116.Chrysanthemum 74. Proliferum Group. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Allium sativum. tree onion 112. garlic 111. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Helichrysum angustifolium. dyer's woad 110. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Sorbaria sorbifolia. × gentilis. evening 77. spearmint 107. veronica 108.Origanum vulgare.Lilium candidum.Atriplex hortensis. pin cherry 39.Chrysanthemum 78.Yucca filamentosa. 73. chamomile 30.Lysimachia vulgaris.Oenothera biennis.M. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.

With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Francis. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. < previous page page_104 next page > . and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. A statue of St. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. not just hiding it. of good proportion for the size of the opening.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. but not obvious. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. A wheelshaped bed. its outline constructed of brick.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. Sidney Ephedra viridis. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. only those not found on other lists are noted here. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. menthifolia. labdanum Cistus crispus. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. AREA IV Ixia maculata. Eriobotrya japonica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. poet's Solidago californica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. lion's-ear prismaticum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. white Justicia carnea. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Vetiveria zizanioides. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA VI japonica. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. cat Watsonia rosea. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Cestrum nocturnum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. loquat Cichorium intybus. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. potato Brassica eruca. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Eleocharis dulcis.

The exterior brick path. emphasizes the circle. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. to name a few. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. One is a garden of legends. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. an "old rose" and fragrant. but also for proper leaf size. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. scented-leaf geraniums. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. not only for hardiness where needed. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. is a center of interest. < previous page page_106 next page > . and a third a culinary garden. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. or potpourri.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. another a Mary garden. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Chamaemelum nobile. blue 18. Linum usitatissimum.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English ivy rosemary 8.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. hyssop rose 9. saffron crocus marigold 7.19. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Ocimum basilicum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Anethum graveolens. white dead 24. garden up sage 10.Ruta graveolens.Ornithogalum umbellatum. chamomile 3.Mentha spicata. Angelica archangelica.20.Allium schoenoprasum.Calendula officinalis.Hedera helix. lady's. Hyssopus officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12.Galium verum. 27. pot 26. dill 11.The number in each planting area is the key number. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. pyrethrum 5. chive bedstraw 16. absinthe 4. flax 17.Lamium album.Crocus sativus. spearmint 22.Narcissus mustard 14. English thyme 13. Artemisia absinthium. sweet 21. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . costmary 6. Johnny-jump. 1. rue 28.Rosmarinus officinalis. Viola tricolor.Alchemilla vulgaris. yellow 25.Brassica nigra. angelica 2.Origanum majorana.Santolina chamaecyparissus. black 23.

biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. < previous page page_108 next page > . a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places.

costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. fastigiata. lemon balm Mentha spicata. peppermint Laurus nobilis. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. blue Lamium maculatum. perennial flax Galium odoratum. Artemisia absinthium. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. thyme Cnicus benedictus. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. spearmint Mentha × piperita. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. sweet Myrtus communis. clove Marrubium vulgare. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. beach Monarda didyma. bay Echeveria × imbricata.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. Cotinus coggygria. Myrrhis odorata. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. Russian 'Prostratus'. rue Malva alcea var. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris.

they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. too. The generous use of edgings. Viewed from the terrace garden. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. Appropriately used as accents.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. millstones. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. and huge. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. simply on a smaller scale. This is a general rule observed. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. < previous page page_110 next page > . fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. features a closed knot of superior design. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden.

gray santolina 7. Routine clipping is required. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. of greater size than is commonly found. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. six feet in diameter.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.A. blue hyssop 3. green santolina 6. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. dwarf box . angustifolia 'Munstead'. has its size dictated by a rule of design. that of good proportion. 'Tiny Rubies'.Hyssopus officinalis. Design plan of herb garden 1. and the mulch.S.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. Landscape Architect. A. germander 2. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. cheddar pink 4.L.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Teucrium chamaedrys. The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender 5.Santolina virens.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.

goat willow Sassafras albidum. quince Magnolia virginiana.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. plum Prunus maritima. black haw Prunus americana. dogwood Pinus nigra. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. box Myrica pensylvanica. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. shadbush Salix caprea. japonica. beach plum Corylus avellana. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. honey locust Cornus florida. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . box Calycanthus fioridus. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.

Lavandula. its plant material varied. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Currently. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. praecox subsp. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. 'Argenteus'. and a miscellany of others. caraway thyme T. silver thyme T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. Rosmarinus. doerfleri T. 'Annie Hall' T. praecox subsp. leucotrichus T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. herba-barona. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. arcticus T. However. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. As a rule. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Doone Valley' . Salvia.

nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. English lavender L. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. autumn sage S. sweet lavender L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. angustifolia subsp. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Aurea'. heterophylla. ramie . blue sage S. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. 'Clear Gold'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. greggii. angustissimus. golden rosemary R. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. guaranitica. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. crimson creeping thyme T. dentata.T. involucrata. praecox subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. angustifolia subsp. Mexican bush sage S. leucantha. praecox subsp. golden thyme T. anise sage S. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. pine-scented rosemary R. woolly thyme T. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. a well beside the house. Prunella vulgaris. used in salads or boiled. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. to sweeten the air. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Physostegia virginiana. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Hesperis matronalis. horsetail. Equisetum arvense.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. The house. Sium sisarum. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Cheloneglabra. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. for scrubbing pots. family needsmedicinal. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Circumstances determined these priorities. rupturewort. Herniaria glabra. obedient plant. The apple trees. Smith. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. constructed of brick made on the property. L. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . balmony. Primarily. culinary. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. which were located between the water supply. to lure bees. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden.

Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. for a few are in use now. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. while functional. too. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. too. < previous page page_116 next page > . and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Today. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Banksia rose 14.Allium sativum. 16.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa banksiae. 15. fig 6. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Lonicera flava. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. rosemary 2.Lagerstroemia indica.Sambucus canadensis. wisteria 13. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . Gardenia jasminoides.Lonicera sempervirens.Ficus carica. southern laciniata. bay 7.Punica granatum. garlic 9. trumpet 11. pomegranate 3.Syringa × persica var.Malus angustifolia.Laurus nobilis.Wisteria frutescens. 1. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Prunus angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis. Cape jasmine 10.Pinus taeda. yellow 12.

Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. < previous page page_118 next page > . Appropriately. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The effect would be quite different without them. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. Italy. too. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

box chamomile 9. bay lavender wintergreen 21. myrtle 53. blue 44.Verbascum thapsus.Lonicera sempervirens. St. 45. peppermint 52. hyssop sassafras 20. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. blue 46.Levisticum officinale.Hypericum perforatum.Borago officinalis.Calycanthus fioridus. 55.Rosmarinus officinalis.Sassafras albidum. 60. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. great 47.Lobelia siphilitica. peony 51.57. 42.Mentha × piperita.Hyssopus officinalis. tansy 65. sweet flag marigold 24. 66. American holly 16. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Allium schoenoprasum. borage 31.Hamamelis virginiana. fuller's teasel 67.Tanacetum vulgare.Pinckneya pubens.Elizabeth Lawrence. 33. catnip 34. yellow-root 7. dogwood horehound 18. rue 56.Digitalis purpurea. bee balm 28.Buxus sempervirens.Rubus allegheniensis. basil chive 3.Marrubium vulgare. sweet 64.Asclepias tuberosa. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. 63.Populus balsamifera.Eupatorium perfoliatum. pot 48. lemon 26.Gaultheria procumbens. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. yarrow lungwort 22.Artemisia dracunculus var.Anethum graveolens. saffron crocus 25. clove 36.Chimaphila umbellata.Teucrium chamaedrys.Foeniculum vulgare. mullein 49.Punica granatum.Agrimonia eupatoria.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. black 29.Cassia marilandica. 43.Ruta graveolens.Lindera benzoin.Dipsacus sativus. dill 39. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. horsemint lobelia 23. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Laurus nobilis. 38.Pulmonaria officinalis.Galium odoratum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. sativa. 30. wild ginger69. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . 54. balm autumn crocus 2. 50. 70.Nepeta cataria. lovage 35.Dianthus caryophyllus.Monarda didyma. 1.Ilex opaca.Monarda punctata.Cornus florida. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Achillea millefolium.Lavandula angustifolia. agrimony 58.Symphytum officinale. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Artemisia abrotanum.Lilium candidum.Rosa laevigata. senna woodruff 15.Armoracia rusticana.Asarum virginicum. fennel 40.Acorus calamus.Mentha spicata.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 61.Xanthoriza simplicissima. sweet 27.Mentha pulegium.Calendula officinalis. yaupon pink southernwood 12. foxglove 41. garden sage 59.Colchicum autumnale. spearmint 62. white periwinkle spicebush 13. sweet shrub 10.Paeonia officinalis. 68.Cimicifuga racemosa.Ocimum basilicum.Chamaemelum nobile. 37.Salvia officinalis.Vinca minor.Ilex vomitoria. butterfly 32.Crocus sativus.Melissa officinalis.

In any event. 1 T. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. < previous page page_120 next page > . The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. This is true for the remedies. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. and fragrances they developed. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. preventives. of herbs for one loaf of bread. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers.

pot marigold 2. garden sage 8. 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia absinthium. catnip 16. horehound 15.Tanacetum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. lavender lovage 3. foxglove 12.Nepeta cataria. English thyme rosemary 7. sweet marjoram 6.Digitalis purpurea.Carum carvi. winter savory 4.Mentha spicata. absinthe 9.Monarda punctata. apothecary's rose 22.Marrubium vulgare.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Mentha × piperita.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis. caraway 19. 1. opium poppy 5. quince 24.Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. horsemint 20. English 10. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . blue hyssop 21.Pyrus communis. tansy 11.Papaver somniferum. black haw 23. peppermint 18. spearmint 17.Viburnum prunifolium.Cydonia oblonga. Calendula officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil 13.

its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. often it is reconstructed. Shaded by hop vines. and if the best has not always survived. The main paths of brick unify the garden. from early Moravian settlements. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. Some could be used singly. one dated 1759. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Thus it was for this garden. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and bricks raise the beds.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. Allowed such freedom of expression. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. centrally located. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. < previous page page_122 next page > . The beds are used to achieve balance. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. makes it something of a focal point. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. to study it. the other 1761. for example the large square bed with circular path.

S. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. A. Campbell.A.L. .

Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue 69.Celosia cristata.Rheum rhabarbarum. garden sage 15. autumn crocus 34. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Allium schoenoprasum. asparagus 31.Ruta graveolens.Dianthus caryophyllus. sorrel 65.Cornusflorida. saffron peppermint crocus 35. madder 16.Salvia sclarea.Hyssopus officinalis. corn poppy 79. stock 50. rhubarb 10.Salvia viridis.Chrysanthemum parthenium. caraway 72. cockscomb 47.Lagerstroemia indica. garden nasturtium 12.Pulmonaria officinalis. virgin's bower 40.Lilium candidum. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. chestnut rose 43.Cercis canadensis. chamomile 17. 62. fennel marjoram 28. tansy 6.Rosa centifolia. hyssop maypop 42.Bellis perennis.Magnolia grandiflora.Tanacetum vulgare. lemon 64.Armoracia rusticana.Silybum marianum. French rose 18.Rosa roxburghii.Symphytum officinale.Salvia officinalis. rosemary49.Ficus.Origanum majorana.Achillea millefolium. Madonna lily 59. daisy crape myrtle 23.Artemisia abrotanum. 54.Rumex acetosa. blue 63.Coriandrum sativum.Gelsemium sempervirens.Narcissus tazetta. dill 73. basil moss rose 44. eglantine Group. annual clary 3. 1.Tropaeolum majus. spearmint 57. catnip 70. sweet 71.Clematis virginiana.Alcea rosea.Marrubium vulgare.Rosa damascena.Rosa eglanteria.Rosa moschata. hop southernwood 39. horehound 56.Hydrangea quercifolia. 66. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . holy thistle 58. 52. 48. comfrey 33. blessed thistle 8. English 78.Cnicus benedictus. feverfew southern magnolia 27. clove 53.Petroselinum crispum. betony 82.Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow 4.Papaver rhoeas. garlic lungwort 36. orach 76.Consolida ambigua. mugwort67.Asparagus officinalis.Nigella sativa.Scabiosa atropurpurea. lovage 9.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Narcissus poeticus.Amaranthus caudatus.Anethum graveolens.77.Nepeta cataria.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis.Chamaemelum nobile. 68.Humulus lupulus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. 74.Allium sativum.Mentha × piperita.Colchicum autumnale. marsh mallow 7.Stachys officinalis.Rosa gallica.Saponaria officinalis. absinthe 45.Rubia tinctorum. columbine 29. love. sweet 55. dwarf nasturtium 13.Artemisia vulgaris. black cumin 46. poet's narcissus 61. damask coriander rose 19.Crocus sativus. red pepper 20.Levisticum officinale. grape larkspur 41.Passiflora incarnata.Ocimum basilicum. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. elecampane 11. parsley 32.Vitis.Althaea officinalis. hollyhock 51.Aquilegia vulgaris. rue 14.Borago officinalis. borage 5. English thyme 2. clary 30.Matthiola incana. redbud 24.Artemisia absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis. Carolina jessamine 38.Atriplex hortensis.Tropaeolum minus. cabbage angustifolia. lavender rose 21.Inula helenium. 80. balm chive 37.Carum carvi. 81. polyanthus narcissus 60.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

This space was never adequate. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Thus. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The lesser the scale. The next most desirable exposure. First. and the north point is established. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. even boggy. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. far from the house. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Although some observations may seem obvious. it is proper to make a trial run. A ravine and existing. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. Calluna (heather). Usually this is least desirable. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. the western.

The. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The general outline is similar. The new herb garden has been located. It was a pleasurable assignment. and the property line on the last. a driveway on still another. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. as the drawing on p. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. single bed. another is close to the rear of the house. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The outline is fixed. 127 indicates. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. certainly not precisely the same. all four sides are so determined. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. but it need not be identical. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p.ground where drainage is better. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Then. < previous page page_126 next page > . Indeed. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. and the search did not take long. 77 provided the needed inspiration.

which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. If all is well. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. this low wall will enclose the garden area. something is amiss. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. then north. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. There was no . as in this case. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. With the plan established. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. In fact. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. In addition. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. Two drawings were required to work out problems. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. If. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. forming the outer boundary of the service path. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. In this area. Before edgings could be put in place. In the earlier stage of planning. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. However. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. In this case. At corners. the site required some leveling. a lapped joint was fashioned. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. . it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. A structural edging was in order. this was. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. and the finished edging would be effective. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. however. admittedly.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. eight. However. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. not one completed in a weekend. the eight-foot length was more practical.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

Unfortunately. One is the ramp to the driveway. could serve this purpose. had been proof of that. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. sand. The pattern is running bond. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Heavy black plastic. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. filling the beds with soil was next. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. This method of treatment now guarantees . A choice of five colors was available. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. but there are exits to different levels. for they will likely have more traffic. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. this same base underlies all the paths. Weeds. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. leaves. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Aged compost. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. selected for its simplicity. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. The latter need to be more substantially paved. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial.

Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. even bed for the pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. on a trial run of one course of brick. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . However. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. worth the added cost.

The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. Herbs have flourished in the beds. and the steps to other levels. In this instance. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. since that path borders the house. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths. converging where it was logical to do so. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. French drains. the terraced area." their construction can be somewhat varied. for it would interfere with the drainage system. Sometimes called "rubble drains. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. learned about decades earlier. .< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone.

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not necessarily referable to botanical species. Its arrow points north and. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. albula. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. hundredths of an inch. often a wall or trellis. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. and so on. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. and so on. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. twelfths of an inch. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. for example. in tenths of an inch. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. in inches. is symmetrical. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. having a variety of gradations. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. casts the shadow for the hour. sixteenths of an inch. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. for example. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. E EllipseAn oval. a garden plan. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight.

H Heart-pinePinus palustris. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine.3. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. a patterned garden. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. Usually a few inches thick. also called rubble drain. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. G GazeboA freestanding. or colored earths. ForthrightA straight course or path. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. GrindstoneMillstone. its compartments filled with flowers. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. loose. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.brick) in the same course. rounded fragments of rock. heated especially by fermenting manure. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. roofed structure usually open on the sides. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Pea gravelSmall. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. turf. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. M ManufactoryA factory. a flat. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. sometimes covered with earth or more stones.3). sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose.

a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.

cutting. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. W Wall. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. walls. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. called also a hose cock. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. or steps. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. < previous page page_132 next page > . snug fit for walks. V VarietyA category below species. TreillageLatticework for vines. Stone. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. ranking between species and variety. often planted with aromatic herbs. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. R Rose. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. not treelike or with a single trunk. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes.

Flannery. New York: Macmillan. T. New York: Crown Publishers. Bailey Hortorium. 1944. New York: Hawthorne Books. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. John Philip.: Buckeye Printing Co. The Herb Garden. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Herbsfor Every Garden. Fox. New York: Macmillan. Hanging Plants for Home. Robert Lee. London: Marshall Cavendish. Greenwood. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. H. 1933. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 1979. Complements. Cross. 1976.. How Plants Get Their Names. London: Saturn Press. New York: Macmillan. 1980. Book of the Geranium. Doran & Co. Independence. 1951. 1980. Baumgardt. Helen Morgenthau. Jot. 1935. Foley. Terrace. Earle. Henry. The Small Garden. P. 1973. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Liberty Hyde. Prof. Herbs and the Earth. Helen H. Crowe. John.. and Accessories. P. 1966. London: Macmillan. L. New York: Simon and Schuster. Garden Design. Bardswell. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. The Cultivated Basils. Harriet Ballard. New York. Dutton & Co. Green Enchantment.. Toronto. . Herbals. London. ed. Kent: The Herb Farm. Coats. Edlin. Foster. 1972. 1957. Putnam's Sons. Sevenoaks. 1958. Seal. 1971. 1982. Sylvia. Brookes. Aurora. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. . 1961. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Daniel J. Clarkson. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Erichsen-Brown. W. London: Adam and Charles Black. Foster. Rosetta E. Hortus Third. New York: Dover. Behme. S. 14701670. 1972. Brownlow. Berrall. Bailey. 1962. British Plants. 1977. New York: Viking Press. H. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1971. Beston. Gertrude B. and Garden. New York: E. 1902. Staff of. Julia S. New York: Viking Press. Roses. Park Seed Co. Alice Morse. L. 1966. Margaret E.: Geo. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. and Louden. John E. 1951. Batsford. Park's Success with Herbs. Room Outside. Peter.. Charlotte. . Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction.C. Carpenter. 1942. 1938. Gertrude B. 1963. London: Country Life. Mo. 1911. New York: Macmillan.. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Agnes. Garden City: Doubleday. 1970. Sydney: B. New York: G. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rosemary F. Darrah. Frances A.

The Berry Book. Potter. New York: Harper & Bros. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. New York: Viking Press. London: Faber and Faber. Alma. Alice Recknagel. 1971. 1966. 1972. Paul B. Claire.) Rohde. Geraniums for Home and Garden. C. .. and Chiltoskey. Mary U. New York: Dover.. Rosengarten. Roy.C.. How to Select. Dorothy Bovee. Division Billboard Publications. Kiaer. Grieve. New York: Crown Publishers. Rev.. 1959. Myron. Neri. Mrs. 1975. < previous page page_133 next page > . Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. chemist. and Brunello. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. New York: Macmillan. N. Johns. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: Dover. Jones. Carol. McFarland. Gardens in Winter. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs.. Frederic. Krauss. and Alma L. 1969. London: George Routledge & Sons. Wynnewood. Loewenfeld. Sarah. Pozza. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Lathrop. Sylva. George H. Howard. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1981. Toronto: Little.: Chronica Botanica Co. New York: Clarkson N. Eleanour Sinclair. Harold N. Boston. 1971. Ann. M. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: De La Mare. 2d ed. New York: Macmillan. J..Garland. Hamel. Leighton. Philippa. Helen K. Hendrickson. Muenscher.: Herald Publishing Co. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. New York: E. Loyal R. Moldenke. Norma Jean. A Biblical Garden. Tucson: H. 1952. 1974. 1970. Bernard Hickey. Walter. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants.. Mass. Franco. 1976. 1973. Claire. Pa. Johnson. 1938. P. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1946. and Rice. P. Lawrence. Simmons. 1969. Shaker Herbs. Adelma G. Herbs. Lerner. New York: William Morrow & Co. Waltham. Patrick M. Co. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1964. 1975. Frances. 1976.. New York: Van Nostrand. The Art of Dyeing. The Book of Spices. Ireys. 1961. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Books.. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Dutton & Co. New York: Doubleday. Grow and Enjoy. Modern Herbal. Amy Bess.. Lesch. 1951. 1974. The Herb Garden. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1983. and Back. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Boston. 1970. ed. Eigel. 1911. Cherokee Plants. Horace.. Robert. Plants of the Bible. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Jr. Miller. Roses of the World in Color. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Edited by Clarence Elliott. New York: Macmillan. and Synge. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Flowers of the Field. Lawrence. A Garden of Herbs.. 1981. (1st American edition trans.: Livingston Pub. Landscaping with Vines. Italy. 1979. Vicenza. Early American Gardens. 1982. Brown & Co. 1978. Hay. Elizabeth. A. M. Loewenfeld.

Austin R.A. Mrs.. New York: St... Price. L. New York: Simon & Schuster. L.S.L. Peter M. 1979. Helen Van Pelt. Amy Bess Miller. The Fragrant Garden. Leonie. Keebler.The Old Shrub Roses. Leonard Dreyfuss. Raymond V. Mrs. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Shrub Roses of Today.A. Philip Batchelder. 1965. 1967. Ingersoll.. . L.. Boerner.S. Mrs.. Malcolm. Mrs. Thacker. Z. L. Diane C. L. John. Christopher. Mrs. William T.. Mrs. Martha Dahlen.: Garden Way. The History of Gardens. Webster.L. 1957. Charlotte. Sandy Hicks. Berkeley Brandt.A. Zohary.A. Mrs. Hale & Co. Robert K. L. Sherry D. New York. ed. Susan W. Container Gardening Outdoors. and Mrs. Landscape Architecture. Boston: Ralph T. Tarantino. . A. L. Donald Paxton.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Rhoda Specht. Katherine S.. Pees. John Ormsbee. 1972. 1953.. 1942.A. 1976. Paxton. Jo Lohmolder. Thomas. A. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. Stuart. Jr. Yang. William C. William Y Dear. Martin. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Taylor. Herbs in the Garden. Jr. Melissa R. James C. William W. Michael. Mr. Mrs. 1972. 1976. Mrs.A. Campbell. Taloumis. Mrs. Helen Noyes. Griffin. Mrs. Bradner. Hammond Crawford. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. New York. and Bell. Mrs.A. Bush. 1975. A. Graham Stuart. L. Winthrop G. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Lucile Teeter Kissack.. Charles Patch. Vt.A. The Fragrant Year. Madalene Hill. Mrs. Linda.A.A.. Margaret Osborn Holt. Nelva M. 1953. John Poinier. White. Neil Hamill Park.R. Mrs. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Jr. Smith. L. New York: Simon & Schuster.. George T. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Marion E. Mrs. Associate. New ed. 1979. Frank M. Elizabeth Lawrence. Rev. Marshall. New York: William Morrow & Co. William T. Botanical Latin.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. London: Phoenix House. Gannaway.A. Martin's Press. Vivian. 1974. Virginia B. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. New York: Farrar. Vera Breed. Giroux. C. . A. 1962. Mrs.A. Lamm. Mrs. New York: Doubleday. Morss. L. Mrs. New York: McGraw-Hill. Toronto: Van Nostrand.. New York: Hafner. Wilder. Hines. Stearn. Mrs. Bynam. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Elisabeth W. Mrs. Robert G. W T. Mrs. George. L.L. Louise Beebe. London: Phoenix House.. Charles L.. Bleecker.S.D. New York: Dover. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. L. Herbert G. 1961. 1931. Wilson. Graham. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape.. Revised by Dr. H.A. Barbara Capen.. Norman. F. The Shakespeare Garden. Martin's. L. Maxton Davies. McGarry. Plimpton.. James D. 1966. Moffit. . and Robert B.A.. William Radler. Esther. Stearn. Indianapolis. 1979. Henry Gund.. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Jack Emil Geist. T. Mrs. ed. L. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Cozart.A. New York: St. Straus..A. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Alfred L. Baker. Mrs. 1972. W.A.A. Bates. Singleton. Fragrance in the Garden.. Climbing Roses Old and New. 1982. Weber. A. Benjamin McF. Meyer. Building Stone Walls.

and Mrs. University of Michigan. N. Derthick. Milton Stricker.. Roberts. Western Reserve Herb Society. Cleveland.C.H.. Bailey. Helen M. Milton C. Linda Yang. Mrs.. Nathan Sameth. Talbot III. Little Rock. Mrs. Whitman. Mansfield. L. G... and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Wisc. Mrs. Mich. Mrs. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Architect. Old Slater Mill Museum.. Ohio. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Inc. Ga. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Matthew Miksch House. Elbert Smith.A.. Mrs. Mrs. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Semple.. Mrs. L. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Gayle. Christopher Rady.C. Lawrence Schetky. Shaker Community.A. Ann Arbor. Pawtucket. Lansing. Mrs. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Eric Duke Scott. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Isadore L. < previous page page_134 next page > . L. Linda Yang. Hales Corners. Greenland. Joan E. Inc. Eloise andJo Ray..I. Michigan State University.. Edmund G. Kingwood Center. Mr.. Timothy Procter Ruh. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. R. civic. Jean Ruh. Walter Rebmann. John A. Mrs. N.A.A.. Faith H. Rose. Hancock Shaker Village. Ark. The Country Doctor Museum.. Wilcox. Winston-Salem. Skinner. Mich. Frederick E. James F. Old Salem. The following provided historical. Plain Dealer Photo. Harper. L. Atlanta. L. Atlanta Historical Society. Booker Worthen.. Hancock. Christopher Spencer. N. James S.. Mass. Weeks Brick House. Joe H.Rady. Ohio. Smith (Ann Leighton). Swanson. Matthaei Botanical Gardens.

< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. E. A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. officinalis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. A. C. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Narcissus triandrus. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. azoricum. barbadensis A. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Myrrhis odorata. maritima L. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea.

sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. podagraria Asparagus A. P. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. V. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. S. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. laevis Rhododendron . Lamium album Viburnum. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. grandiflorus Melissa M. F. P. ludoviciana var. officinalis Populus. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. G. officinalis. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. V. acerifolium. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. M. lycopersicum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Solanum aculeatissimum S. albula A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. melongena var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. false Galium aristatum.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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chrysantha Symphytum S. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. vulgaris A. P. alpina 'Alba' A. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Mertensia virginica. angustifolia. coronaria . M. deltoides Campsis radicans. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. B. oleracea. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster.

M. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. verna. coronaria. V. pseudonarcissus miniature N. V. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. maculatum G. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. N. C. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. angustifolia. sativum R. Italian D Daffodil M. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . macrocarpon. alpinum R. B.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. alpinum R. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. M. ioensis Vaccinium. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. B.

A. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. rivieri. obtusifolius R. Ferocactus latispinus. D. crispus.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. T officinale Bellis. C. acetosa. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. triphyllum . Hosta H. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. lilioasphodelus H. obtusifolius Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. x superbum Hemerocallis. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. R. R. A. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Sansevieria. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. lilioasphodelus. H. frutescens C.

Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . damascena. Gnaphalium. Centaurea cineraria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. S. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. C. C. pungens Sambucus S. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. N. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. arvensis. Senecio cineraria. Lychnis coronaria. Helichrysum. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. N. azoricum Nigella. N. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. ragusina. gymnocarpa. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Antennaria.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

versicolor. perenne .× germanica I. usitatissimum L. P.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. carica F. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. carica Corylus C. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. L. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. regalis Adiantum. Osmunda. I. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. A. O.

grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sylvatica Digitalis D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lanata D. × hortorum P. × germanica Myosotis M. × limoneum P. sativum var.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. scorodoprasum A. odoratissimum P. Pelargonium. sphaerocephalum A. P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. purpurea D. I. grossularioides P radens P. quercifolium P. tuberosum A. Fumaria C. lutea Allium sativum A. neapolitanum A.

T. quercifolium P. A. graveolens P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. crispum P. × citrosum P. scabrum P graveolens P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. P. T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. × nervosum P. Tragopogon. chamaedrys T. canadense. Z. pratensis . officinale Z. glutinosum. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. canadense T. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. tomentosum P. A. abrotanifolium P. capitatum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. tomentosum P. × jatrophifolium P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. denticulatum P.

bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. nervosa V. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Vitis monticola. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. torquata E. Oxalis deppei. C. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. V. M. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium.

golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Lythrum. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. triacanthos G. Sempervivum Lobelia L. L. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. W. Pulmonaria . Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Ophiopogon L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. G. majalis Liriope. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. C.

C. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. erecta T. M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. A. erecta T. M. alcea var.blue M Mace. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. erecta T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. grandiflora M. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. Malva. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. lucida . sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. tenuifolia T. patula Calendula officinalis T.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

Heracleum sphondylium subsp. S. citrata M. citrata M. citrata. aquatica var. Astrantia. piperita var. Spiraea alba. R. suaveolens M. A. × piperita var. major. majorana O. citrata M. O. crispii M. dictamnus O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. onites O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . odorata Achillea millefolium. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. vulgare O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. × piperita var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. majorana O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. vulgare 'Aureum' O. requienii M. vulgare O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var.

arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. V. Myrrhis odorata. A. Myrtus. olympicum. rubra M. Umbellularia californica. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. V. alba Verbascum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M. thapsus V.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. × gentilis M. Azolla caroliniana. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. communis. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . vulgaris A. M.

N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. minus T. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. L. nudum. majus T. poeticus N. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . P. V. tazetta Tropaeolum T. V. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.

cepa. Scilla verna. S. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. fragrans Allium. vulgare var. A. fistulosum Atriplex. telephium Iris × germanica var. A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. C. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. fistulosum A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Proliferum Group A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. I. florentina. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Castilleja californica. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . cepa A. fragrans O. O. cepa. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. hortensis A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum.

× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P. A. lactiflora P lactiflora P. P. A. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. patens. pulsatilla Passiflora P. crispum var. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H.

Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Chenopodium. annuum. annuum. A. paniculata P. album Ranunculus ficaria . Marsilea Perilla. retroflexus. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. Longum Group C. P frutescens Catharanthus.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. C. C. annuum. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. frutescens C. Grossum Group C. annuum. annuum. roseus C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. C. Piper C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group cone green C. Longum Group Capsicum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. C. annuum.

Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. officinalis Dianthus D. alpinus D. americana . Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. gratianopolitanus D. P. Prunus japonica. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. P salicina P angustifolia. nigra P strobus P taeda P. angustifolia var. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. caryophyllus D. watsonii P maritima P. taeda Chimaphila. C. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. taeda P. plumarius D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius. Silene laciniata. umbellata var. M. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Plantago P. C. × paradisiaca. umbellata var.

0. L. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. S. biennis P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. E. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. Liriodendron tulipifera P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. rhoeas P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. balsamifera P. vulgare Lithospermum. P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P.

ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. sativum var. canadensis C. A. C. Hesperis . Diplotaxis. pepo Portulaca. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. R. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. P. pepo C. coccineum C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. rhabarbarum R.

centifolia R. Rosa chinensis R. × borboniana Kerria. × borboniana R. Rubus coronarius R. × harisonii R. damascena R. R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. canina R. chinensis 'Minima' R. moschata . spinosissima R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. gallica R. × borboniana R. laevigata R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. sativa Rosa R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. banksiae R. damascena 'Bifera' R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. canina.

setigera R. × rehderana R. R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. azurea subsp. clevelandii S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. rugosa R. angustissimus R. Rosmarinus. officinalis Limonium R. microphylla S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. Salvia hierosolymitana . guaranitica S. greggii S. S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. pitcheri S. sclarea S. caerula. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis S.

S. leucophylla S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. elegans S. A. virens. leucantha S. guaranitica S. Salicornia. C. T. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. maritimum E. viridis S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. hebecarpa. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. marilandica Amelanchier . S. P. chamaecyparissus S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. montana Scabiosa S. chamaecyparissus S. neapolitana S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .

nivalis Lamium album. C. coggygria C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. P. biflorum . Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. V. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. G. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. C. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. americana. coggygria. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P. coggygria Cotinus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P.

sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. H. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. S. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. O. V. officinalis thyme-leaved V. H. patulum. L. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . scutatus R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. japonica Sorbaria. O. E. acetosa. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. crassipes O. Ornithogalum arabicum. R.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. pyrenaicum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium.

Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. M. incana M. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. C. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. vulgare var. O. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. dracunculus var. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vulgare var. floridus Philadelphus . T vulgare T. vesca F. incana M. crispum T. perennis. O. chiloensis F.

sylvestris D. Silybum marianum S. 'Broad-leaf English' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. E. C. pallasianus T. marianum S. marianum S. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. benedictus. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. × citriodorus T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . 'Clear Gold' T. praecox T. maritima Thymus. phaenopyrum C. laevigata Eupatorium. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. A. arcticus T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. 'Argenteus' T. praecox subsp.

L. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. noli-tangere. peruviana P. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. radicans Bignonia capreolata. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. cerasiforme. praecox subsp. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone .< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. lycopersicum var. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. alata Lycopersicon. Coreopsis Linaria. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. C. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. sanctum O. Physalis peruviana L. sanctum Tulipa T. P. pruinosa. lycopersicum L. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. lycopersicum var. P. I.

C. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. cornuta V. V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Chimaphila. caprea . odorata V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. C. V riviniana Viola odorata V. officinalis Polemonium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. canina. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. P. cornuta 'Alba' V. odorata V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. caeruleum Clematis.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. longifolia Chamaelaucium.

I. gmelinii A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Vanilla barbellata A. camphorata A. S. Gaultheria procumbens. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. V. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. frigida A. annua A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. verticillata Chimaphila. nudum Isatis I. absinthium A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Stachys . Corydalis sempervirens A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. pontica. caprea. ambrosioides Artemisia. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. W.

vomitoria I.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. × media 'Hicksii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. C. ageratum A. filipendulina A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. taygetea A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . tomentosa Ilex cassine. X. simplicissima Cladrastis. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. millefolium A. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. I.

butter-print. lion's tail anise hyssop. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. h. millefolium A. fourcroydes sweet flag. h. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. monkshood flowering maple. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. Indian mallow. ageratum A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. cana A. taygetea A. breviflora A. five-finger f. maidenhair American maidenhair. calamus Adiantum A. parlor m. fennel g.. Indian mallow China jute. longifolia Achillea A. theophrasti Acacia A. nose-bleed.. fragrant g. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. sanguinary. maidenhair fern. napellus Acorus A. calamus maidenhair fern. thousand-seal.. pedatum Agastache A. blue giant hyssop. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. foeniculum Agave A. yarrow sneezeweed. monkshood helmut flower. alpinus Aconitum A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow .

eupatoria Agrostemma A. sativum var. cocklebur. senescens var. ostrowskianum A. giganteum A. flowering o. hemp plant agrimony. Japanese bunching o. flavum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. sativum A. two-bladed o. garlic rocambole. rosea Alchemilla A. reptans Alcea A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. lily leek daffodil garlic. sisalana Agrimonia A.. ophioscorodon A. alpina A. tree o. fistulosum A. scorodoprasum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. Spanish o. Rosenbachianum A. schoenoprasum A. sisal hemp. cive.... vulgaris Allium A. moly A. neapolitanum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . Pulchellum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. purple c. ciboule. githago Ajuga A. christophii A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. karataviense A. serpent garlic chive.A.

graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. Oriental garlic . hupehensis var. pulsatilla Anethum A. bugloss windflower. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. sphaerocephalum A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. officinarum Anchusa A. triphylla Althaea A. marschalliana A.. shadbush. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. japonica A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. shad. archangel. tuberosum Aloe A. barbadensis Aloysia A. caudatus Amelanchier A. blanda A. cerefolium chervil angelica. canadensis Amsonia A. white m. officinalis Amaranthus A.glaucum A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. bugloss alkanet. garlic c. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.. Curasao a. juneberry. officinalis Anemone A. Barbados a. medicinal a.. tinctoria Anthriscus A.

graveolens A. European crowfoot bearberry. chrysantha A. graveolens var. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A.

dracunculus var. frigida A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. rusticana Artemisia A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. bear's grape. asarabacca wild ginger. hog cranberry. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. sativa A. sea pink thrift. arborescens A. canadense A. pontica A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. creashak green-dragon. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. albula A. Ludoviciana var. maritima Armoracia A. virginicum bearberry. stewardsonii Armeria A. mountain box. camphorata A. red cole sagebrush. gmelinii A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. old man southernwood absinthe. kinnikinick. wormwood southernwood. mugwort. lactiflora A. europaeum A. triphyllum subsp. sandberry. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . annua A. triphyllum A. pink or white horseradish. dracontium A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. mealberry.

wild indigo blue false indigo. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. mountain spinach false indigo.. c. c. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. officinalis Astrantia A. plains f. australis B. c. talewort. halimus A. mustard . s. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. B. upland cress winter cress. silkweed. wild blue i. piprage beet swiss chard. rocket. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. wild indigo. cool-tankard cole. c. orach sea orach. jaundice berry. s. tinctoria Barbarea B. tuberroot. vulgaris Bellis B. major Atriplex A. saltbush orach. vulgaris Beta milkweed. perennis Berberis B. China grass borage borage. ruby s. yellow r. papyrifera Boehmeria B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush.. butterfly flower butterfly weed. Chinese silk plant. hortensis B Baptista B. garden o. rattleweed winter cress. ruby s. i. nivea Borago B. tuberosa Asparagus A.Asclepias A. vulgaris. pleurisy root.

officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla var.. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. strawberry s. eruca B. carpatica C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. pineapple s. microphylla 'Nana' B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. sempervirens B.B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . koreana B. floridus Campanula C. white-flowered k. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. grandiflora Calendula C..

chili p. p. cow-itch. o. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. s. o. rapunculus Campsis C. p. p. p.. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. o.. persicifolia C. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. o. p. o. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. C. o. p. p. p. red p.C. sweet pepper. bell p. pimento sweet pepper s.. trumpet flower. p. green p. green p. o. s. p. p. trumpet vine. o. s. p. < previous page page_147 next page > ..

nocturnum Chamaemelum C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. Tabasco-sauce p. celandine celandine turtlehead. deodara Celosia C. senna. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. garden c. snakehead . capsicum p. red p. frutescens Carthamus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. majus Chelone cayenne p.. nobile Chelidonium C. cristata Cercis C. shellbark h.. Tabasco p. carvi Carya C. ovata Cassia C.. Madagascar periwinkle. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. false saffron. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. bastard s. illinoinensis C. canariensis Cedrus C.. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. tinctorius Carum C.. chili p. marilandica Catharanthus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. Russian c..

Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. botrys Chimaphila C. Dalmatia p. umbellata Chionanthus C. mint geranium. × jouiniana 'Mrs. American w. leather flower. leather flower. ambrosioides C. virgilia virgin's bower. wintergreen. fat hen ambrosia. leucanthemum C. Chinese dwarf 1. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. pyrethum. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. balsamita C. rattletop black cohosh. Robert Brydon' C. devil's-darning- . alecost pyrethrum. wax flower. Meyer 1. dwarf 1. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. old-man's-beard costmary. virginicus Chrysanthemum C.C.. crispus C. bonus-henricus C.. × superbum Cichorium C. glabra Chenopodium C. pigweed Mexican tea. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. ladanifer Citrus C. barbe-de-capuchin. coccineum C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. cinerariifolium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory.. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. frutescens C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. racemosa Cistus C.. intybus Cimicifuga C. virgin's bower. lutea Clematis C. feather geranium. red-leaved chicory bugbane. wormseed. Spanish t. parthenium C.

peregrina Consolida C. thorn apple. majalis Convolvulus C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. Venetian sumac. Chinese parsley dogwood. benedictus Coix C. sativum Cornus C. red haw hawthorn English h. smoke plant. autumnale Comptonia C. apiculatus Crataegus C. quick-set. tinctoria Coriandrum C. thorn. arkansana C. smokebush. cneorum Coptis C. ambigua C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. trifolia Coreopsis C. laevigata C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . orientalis Convallaria C.. smokebush smoke tree.needle Cnicus C. avellana Cotinus C. florida Corylus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree.

speciosus C. sieberi C.. kotschyanus C. sempervirens Cydonia C. speciosus 'Albus' C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . angustifolius C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. × allwoodii D. scoparius C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. West Indian 1. sativus C.C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. citratus Cytisus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. gracilis Dianthus D. maritimum Crocus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.

caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . pardalianches E Echeveria E. lanata D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. carnation. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. sativus D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. burning bush. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. sylvestris Doronicum D. gas plant.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. grandiflora D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. × imbricata Echium clove pink.

jacinth. blueweed. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. sea holm. S. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. poppy eucalypt. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. hyemale Eranthis E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. Australian gum. vulgare Elaeagnus E. dulcis Endymion E. viridis Epimedium E. pungens Eleocharis E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat.. californica Eucalyptus E. arvense E.E. perfoliatum E. sea eryngo California poppy C. japonica Eryngium E. epimedium barrenwort. ironbark. gum tree. J. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. maritimum Eschscholzia E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. Japanese medlar. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. torquata Euonymus E. rugosum v. b. plum eryngo sea holly.

imperialis Fumaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.s. chiloensis F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. finocchio. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .Euphorbia E. major Fragaria F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. sow-teat s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. a.s. cyparissias F Ferula F. a. vulgare subsp. alpine s. vulgare F.s. vulgare F. ulmaria F. vulgare var. assafoetida Ficus F. a. vulgaris Foeniculum F.

jasminoides Gaultheria G. maculatum G. cleavers white bedstraw. hederacea Gleditsia G. runaway robin. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. red Robin . hexapetala G Galanthus G.. woodwaxen. checkerberry. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. Capejasmine wintergreen. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. robertianum Glechoma G. vernalis H. gardenia. mock p. ground ivy.. mollugo G.F. teaberry. nivalis Galium G. our-lady's-b. Carolina jasmine G. Carolina yellow j. field balm. germanica G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. virginiana Hedeoma H. triacanthos Gossypium G. tinctoria Geranium G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. wild c. sweet w. verum Gardenia G. spotted c.. Carolina jessamine Genista G. honey locust. odoratum G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. alumroot herb Robert.. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. mountain tea.. dyer's greenweed. false baby's-breath woodruff.

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corsicus H. bastard jute... lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. glabra Hesperis H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.. Deckaner h. garland 1. Indian hemp. orientalis Hemerocallis H. Deccan h. Chinese hibiscus. cannabinus H. lilioasphodelus H. mallow. rose m.. petiolatum Heliotropium H. licorice plant heliotrope. curry plant false licorice. daylily .< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. atrorubens H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. Hawaiian h. bimlipatum j. angustifolium H. arborescens Helleborus H. matronalis Hibiscus H. niger H. flavescens Helenium H. × luteola Herniaria H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. rose-of-China. bimli j. hibiscus kenaf. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. giant m. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. foetidus H. turnsole heliotrope. China rose. lemon d. lividus subsp... immortelle white-leaf everlasting. sweet r. blacking plant plantain lily.

rose h. navelwort gotu kola St. perforatum Hyssopus H. patulum 'Sungold' H. European h.H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. white h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. asiatica Hypericum H. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. I. lupulus Hydrangea H.. Burford's holly Japanese holly. box-leaved h. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. crenata var. . bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. orangeroot. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop.-John's-wort St. horned h. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.

Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. opaca I. alba Iris I. florentina I.. helenium Ipomoea I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. tinctoria Ixia I.. cristata I. horizontalis creeping j. woad dyer's woad. pseudacorus Isatis I. maculata J Jasminum J. 'Great Lakes' I. officinale Juniperus J. crested dwarf i. J. yellow flag. tinctoria Inula I. chinensis var.. virginiana red cedar jasmine. wilsonii Impatiens I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. spotted t. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. crested i. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. snapweed. × germanica var. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. glabra I.I. touch-me-not jewelweed. vomitoria 'Nana' I. water f. capensis Indigofera I. jewelweed. African corn lily corn lily orris.

flamingo p. dentata var.. nobilis Lavandula L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. dentata L. white d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. n. n.Justicia water willow J. plume plant. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. plume flower. paradise p. bay. indica Lamium L. angustifolia L.. d. king'scrown L Lactuca L. sweet bay laurel. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. maculatum L.. dumb nettle. brandegeana shrimp plant J. carnea Brazilian-plume.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. album L. angustifolia subsp.

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

. blue cardinal flower . lovage privet.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. chalcedonicum Limonium L. benzoin Linum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. pepperwort. usitatissimum Liriope L. leonurus Leontopodium L. officinale Ligustrum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. perenne L. sativum Leucojum L. aestivum Levisticum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. muscari Lobelia L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. hedge plant privet. marsh rosemary. summer s. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. candidum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L.

coronaria L. sempervirens Lunaria L. silver-dollar. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. vulgaris Lythrum L. gypsywort. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. satin flower honesty. annua Lychnis L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. honesty. penny f. grandiflora M. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. campion. virginiana sweet alyssum. stellata M. coral h. cordata Magnolia M. money plant. lycopersicum var. maritima L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. coronaria 'Alba' L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. europaeus Lysimachia L. lycopersicum var. flava L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . catchfly mullein pink. moonwort.L..

sweet b. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. lungwort bluebells. Scotch m.. Brampton stock. horsemint . aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. lemon m. aquatica M. Virginia b. American crab. imperial stock balm lemon b. holly g.Mahonia M. blue barberry apple. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. cowslip. alcea var. incana Melissa M. apple m. bluebells. hupehensis Malva M. officinalis Mentha M.. × piperita M. pulegium M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. b. pineapple m.. curly m. horsemint peppermint orange mint. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. menthella. white h. incanum M. gillyflower.. fastigiata Marrubium M. stock stock.. angustifolia M. 'Guiding Star' M. bee b.. × piperita var.. Virginia c. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. holly barberry. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. vulgare Matthiola M.. holly mahonia. requienii M. bergamot m.. 'Eau de Cologne' M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. mountain g. citrata M. pennyroyal Corsican m. longifolia M. × gentilis M. Oregon g. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. musk m.

odorata Myrtus M. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. white bee balm pink b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. red m. Oswego tea. menthifolia M. swamp c. pink b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. winter purslane. myrrh. fistulosa var. white b. punctata Montia M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. b. citriodora M. American m.M. b. banana abaca.. sweet cicely. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. Swedish m. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. Greek myrtle. anise. sylvatica Myrica M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. fistulosa M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. textilis Myosotis M. candleberry.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

. trifoliata Populus P. sand p. hackmatack. lungwort blue 1. maritima P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. balsam p. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. hardy orange poplar.. Jerusalem sage. heal-all. Jerusalem cowslip white p. nepalensis P. granatum Pyrus P. golden hardhack. angustifolia P. elatior P. five-finger shrubby c. veris Prunella P. brake. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . all-heal salad burnet. sieboldii 'Alba' P. persica Pteridium P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. vulgaris Prunus P. domestica P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. widdy shrubby c. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. cowslip self-heal self-heal. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. aspen. pensylvanica P. pasture b.Poncirus P. tacamahac cinquefoil. hog-pasture b. Americana P. brake bracken..

gallica damask r. typhina Ribes R. brier r. dog b. eglantine. garden c.. crowfoot lesser celandine. alpinum R. garden r. rose. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. autumn damask r. moss r. stellata R Ranunculus R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. pie plant. Bourbon r. pilewort mignonette weld. eglanteria R. small c. red currant.. purshiana Rheum R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. dog r. luteola Rhamnus R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant.Quercus Q. canina R. fairy r.. China r. chinensis 'Minima' R. sweetbrier French r. gooseberry alpine c.. cabbage r. 'Cinderella' R. . ficaria Reseda R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. pygmy r. moss r. York-and-Lancaster r. brier Banksia r. mountain c.. banksiae R. sativum Rosa R.. × borboniana R.

'Officinalis' R. chinquapin r. golden p. rugosa R. Japanese r. roxburghii R. acetosa R. French sorrel rue .. Harison's yellow r. polyantha r. × rehderana R.. hirta Rumex R. sorrel. madder bramble blackberry. Turkestan r. obtusifolius R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. musk r. tinctorum Rubus R. bitter d. Cherokee r. angustissimus R. × harisonii R. dock s. rosemary pine-scented r. climbing r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. wichuraiana R.. Scotch r. chestnut r. prairie r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. rosemary white r. moschata R. garden sorrel broad dock. setigera R. snowdwarf memorial r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. spinosissima R. climbing r. 'Schneezwerg' R.. r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. burnet r. laevigata R. prostrate rosemary.

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ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. golden g. elegans S. leucantha S. variegated garden s. canadensis willow. caprea Salvia S. gray sage. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. argentea S. bloodroot red puccoon. s. viridis Sambucus S. leucophylla S. elderberry American e. microphylla S. osier goat willow. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. purple g. involucrata S. greggii S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. purple variegated garden s. bloodroot rue . clevelandii S. garden s. clary annual clary elder. Mexican bush s. s. guaranitica S. American e. pussy willow sage. caerula S. sclarea S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S.

orpine donkey's tail orpine. morganianum S. jasminoides S. trifasciata Santolina S. mad apple . neapolitana S. hemp plant snake plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. milk t. Mary's t. roof h. sisarum Solanum S.. telephium Sempervivum S. pinnata S. live-forever houseleek. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. lucky plant. melongena var. albidum Satureja S. hortensis S. St. sweet s. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory.. blessed t. officinalis Sassafras S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. marianum Sium S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. good-luck plant.. atropurpurea Sedum S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. pincushion flower pincushions. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. devil's tongue.. virens Saponaria S.Sanguisorba S. tectorum Silybum S. hen-and-chickens. canadensis Sansevieria S. live-forever houseleek. mourning-bride stonecrop.

officinale Syringa S. big m. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. sorbifolia Sorbus S. laevis Symphytum S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. californica Sorbaria S. Aztec m. lutea Stokesia S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S.. officinale S. byzantina S. patula melongene. hedge nettle. pseudocapsicum Solidago S.. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. grandiflora S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. reticulata var. laciniata Persian lilac S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. erecta marigold African m. woundwort lamb's-ears.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. lilac . vulgaris 'Addie V. americana Stachys S. × persica var.

vulgare var. marum Thuja T. carnosus T.. crispum Taraxacum T. sweet mace French m. fruticans T. columnar y. lucida T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. culinary golden lemon t. yew conical y. germander American g. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. wood sage germander dwarf. 'Argenteus' T. . dwarf m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t.. lemon t. occidentalis Thymus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. tansy tansy. upright y.T. procumbent g. signet m. dense y. vulgare T.. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. canadense T. officinale Taxus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. filifolia T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T.

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nitidus T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. creeping t. serpyllum T. glabrescens T. . caraway t. zygis Torenia T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. not culinary French t. lanatum Trifolium T. herba-barona T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. jasminoides Tragopogon T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. nummularius T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. doerfleri T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t.. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. wishbone flower. odorus t. woolly thyme creeping t. confederatej. richardii subsp. romero clover red clover star jasmine.. t. pratensis Trichostema T. red c. pallasianus T. lemon t. praecox subsp. praecox T. crimson c. leucotrichus T. t.

minus Tsuga T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. officinalis Verbascum V. 'Sweet Harmony' T. pale yellow Darwin t. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. blattaria V.Tropaeolum T. farfara U Urginea U. tawny orange t. Indian cress dwarf n. huckleberry. officinalis V. laevifolium Valeriana V. speedwell. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. flannel plant. olympicum V.. tall n. squill. 'Blizzard' T. water-lily t. velvet p. canadensis Tulipa T. 'General de Wet' T. tarda T. majus T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. species t. angustifolium var. thapsus Veronica V. kaufmanniana T. early. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. mullein mullein. . clusiana T. red s.. blueberry. nettle stinging n. dioica V Vaccinium V. bitter Indian garden n. maritima Urtica U. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. cranberry.

arrowwood. sweet h. possum haw . khus-khus. odorata V. zizanioides Viburnum V. nannyberry. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. violet dog violet horned v. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. prunifolium Vinca V. withe-rod vetiver. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X.. acerifolium V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. carlesii V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. canina V. minor Viola V. cassinoides V. heartsease pansy. sheepberry. ladies-delight. tricolor V. heartsease. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. myrtle. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. lesser p. lutea 'Splendens' V. running m. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up.Vetiveria V.. × wittrockiana Vitis V.. maple-leaved viburnum.

Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.

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