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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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Page v

To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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Page vii

CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. and the experience provided the final section of the book. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . pushing. alterations. with sparkling enthusiasm. Again they revised. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Ginny had done some writing. Their energy and charm caught me up. Then. and the publisher. whether all their labor was to no avail. The turning point came when. This they did. successes. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. It needs no sequel. for they had no model and no guide. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. and I have had the pleasure of advising. responded with delight. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. This was not to be. carefully chosen. especially poetry. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. punching.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. build it. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. and record every detailall of the failures. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. more of them exist to serve as examples. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. seven years ago. bereft of hope. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. wheedling. With false starts and honest stops. Neither knew what it meant to make a book.

by their owners. specialty. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. and these are capitalizedfor example." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Not all plants used are herbs." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Likewise. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. 1969 and 1980. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. we completed a test garden. Some of these were created by landscape architects. although countless common names exist. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. while others were prepared by landscape designers. without accompanying commentary. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. rather. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. The herb garden designs alone. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. We. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. A range of essential factors is considered herein. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. or by contributors. To achieve this. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. and educational purpose. the authors. . English thyme. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Italics are always used for botanical names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. historical interest. former generic names. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. degree of maintenance required. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden.

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and the horticulturist. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Special thanks are due James C. Derthick. Susan Frugé. librarian. has given us valuable information. Eleanor Gambee. as expediter and typist. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Finally. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Recognition is due Robert B. which made possible the completion of our text. Keebler and the late Everest P. Isaacson. have also been of assistance. A lecturer on herbs. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Betty Rea.D.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Lee Buss. Nell Neff. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands.. M. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Alexander Apanius. Trudi Bela. She has served. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Swanson and Robert B. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Herbert J. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. FAITH H. former managing editors. and Elizabeth Bryce. and Rexford Talbert. has been especially helpful over the years. The late Raymond C. past presidents. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Richard T. and Joanna Reed. Rady. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Wanda Ritchie. and August Frugé. His assistant. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. We are grateful to many. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . former director of same. Weatherhead. Jo Lohmolder. too. Genevieve Jyurovat. president. Alice Skelsey. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

a front dooryard. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. Perennial herbs. fences. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. new plants. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. As one constantly reinforces the other. temples of worship. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. not at all difficult to maintain. lay out a plan of the property. If no . some of which are evergreen. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. and decisions must not be left to chance. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. and structures. and hedges will have been located. the north point will have been indicated. As Henry Beston reflects. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. have foliage that changes color with the seasons." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. In order to create a fine garden design. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan." A good design does not "happen. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. Its interest is independent of flowers. partially excavated area. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. or an abandoned. to increase the value of the property. new ways of seeing. "Not difficult to plan.

fences. Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > .

will give the lot or acreage measurements. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. measure to locate the house.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. In this example. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. measurements are in engineer's scale. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. but with all needed information. Here. too. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. The object is to . too. to locate the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Other areas may require a smaller scale. other significant structures. such as the one illustrated here. A deed description. and the driveway. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. In the absence of a survey map. Next.

create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. driveway. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. The tools needed for drawing are few. paths. and unusual land features noted. triangleof inexpensive plastic. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. and parallel lines. enclosures. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. shrubs. lines at an angle. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. < previous page page_3 next page > . Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. The smaller the scale.

and hedges of hemlock. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. garage. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. In the absence of a structure. One basic rule is the higher the wall. bayberry. Upkeep. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. yew. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. and stone. must be included in assessing maintenance demands." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. A toolhouse. In the designs that follow. iron. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. gazebo. greenhouse. or summer kitchen is ideal. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. old smokehouse. and holly. brick. In some cases. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. However. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. With the plan on paper.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

Brick is the all-time favorite material. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. For example. Generally. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Whatever the reason. bricks. landscape timbers. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. gray surfaces are found. box. In some climates. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Equally important is proportion. whether it will be rocks. When this reinforcement is understated. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. holly. the garden design is most attractive. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. cut stones. some deciduous and some evergreen. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Rosemary. it will seem too sparsely planted. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. deeply evergreen. If used. and rosemary. a temporary garden that may be changed later. too. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. however. such as bayberry. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Where air circulation is much needed. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. elegant box. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. they can be made to order. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. or. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Allow adequate room within the row. used for dry wall or masonry construction. but the results will confirm this course. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. as an example. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. yew. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Styles are legion. painted. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. and their styles are countless. or pressure-treated lumber. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. as in outdoor room dividers. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Stained. Lower cost is an advantage.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. for example. railroad ties. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. annual painting is a necessity. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. if wood is the material of choice. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Stone. so give them much thought. At first. . A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. for reinforcing the design. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. or natural. Gates are part of the enclosure. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. When used with a hedge. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. If desired.

the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . there is a necessary. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. Conversely.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. and maintenance. however. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Access paths. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Choose the path material equally for comfort. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. . cost. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Paths must be ample. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. too. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. appearance. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. but should be compatible with. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. the greater the tread. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. for example. rosy pink. because they are just that. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. or red. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. making the design more evident. A width of four feet allows room for turning. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. The colors are various: terracotta. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. If groups are walking through. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. their use no less than comfortable. There are. Step materials need not be the same as.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

They are easily renewed as they break down. shrubs. heather Chaenomeles speciosa.) To avoid having a slippery surface. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. bark or pine needles can be used. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. prepare a planting plan for each. a result being hazardous footing. serviceberry. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. shad Malus coronaria. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. With these recommendations in mind. is an enjoyable experience. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. This. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. they should not shade the herbs too much.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. When they mature. too. and many good references are available. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. a soft-lead pencil in hand. If the garden is made up of separate beds. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. or trees to be considered. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it.

The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. such as the one illustrated here. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. one-half inch equals one foot. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. for example. a focal point is customarily used. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Sept. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . for example. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Artifacts As with other gardens. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Individual interests will dictate which to choose.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. 'Mount Hood daff. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. it is easily read and easily erased. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. or whatever is best in your case. noting well their growth habits. lemon thyme. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Do use a soft-lead pencil. however. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. too. Often this center of interest is a sundial. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. It needs. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. whether they are invasive or tall growing. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot.

scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. Again. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. a niche of its own should be created. and a good sense of proportion is achieved.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. the height of a fence to the house. If a statue less than life-size is used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. < previous page page_9 next page > . respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

However.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a stylized drawing of an ovary. Except for two. that of good proportion. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. For easy reference. the designs have a decorative north point. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Origanum majorana. Lavenders accent the front corners.Poterium sanguisorba. 7. Foeniculum vulgare. arcticus 27. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. 14.Lavandula savory angustifolia. sativa.Lobularia maritima.L. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. A. which is used here in relation to a garage. 5. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Allium 11. lovage 17.A. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. Landscape Architect. bee balm 13. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 21. rose 24. 16.Satureja montana.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. 6. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. summer 23. With color and texture considered for contrast. lemon 15. a fence. or other structure.Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp. dill cerasiforme. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. sweet 25.Pelargonium graveolens. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. 22.Satureja hortensis.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. The rules of symmetry are observed. lemon balm . 4.Melissa officinalis. fennel 2. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. 1.S. salad burnet 12. 3.Viola tricolor.Ocimum basilicum. 26. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.

Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly parsley 10.Salvia officinalis. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . 19. leek 9. Greek 28. dwarf garden 20.Petroselinum crispum var. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Porrum Group. costmary 'Albus'.Origanum heracleoticum.8. chive 18.

Allium schoenoprasum.Satureja hortensis. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. rose 19.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. . 13.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. fennel English lavender geranium 4. 17. 11. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Lavandula angustifolia. Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon 2.Pelargonium tomentosum.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Aloysia triphylla.Poterium sanguisorba. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. lemon verbena 21. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. white 20. 9. 12. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. curly parsley sativa. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Monarda didyma.Pelargonium graveolens. bush basil 3. as was done here. summer 10. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 18. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.

16.Galium odoratum.Rosa eglanteria.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. eglantine 23.Heliotropium arborescens. English thyme dill 8.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .salad burnet 6. English'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. 14. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Thymus × citriodorus.

Satureja hortensis.Mentha spicata. parsley 5. salad burnet 14.Allium schoenoprasum. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. summer savory 11. 7. sweet marjoram 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. A. Even in limited space. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Chionanthus virginicus. and the plan could be used at a front door. Japanese yew 17. however. garden sage 8. lovage 15. sativa.L. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. dill 2.Salvia officinalis. The garden is conveniently located. English thyme Greek oregano 4. however. making the beds larger and the paths wider. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Taxus cuspidata.A. Origanum heracleoticum. Origanum majorana.Artemisia dracunculus var. The image would soon give way to other considerations. still observing a scale. 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 16.Levisticum officinale. 13.Petroselinum crispum.Poterium sanguisorba. Then the design might need to be expanded.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. . It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Thymus × citriodorus.S. 1. lemon thyme 10.

Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil chive 12.6.Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

bee balm 14. lemon thyme 28. yellow 29.A.L.Polystichum acrostichoides. wild ginger 27. summer 21.Polemonium reptans. 30. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. hop sativa.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. This is an intimate garden. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.Digitalis grandiflora. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Osmunda cinnamomea. blue lungwort 26.Artemisia dracunculus var. 13. leek Foeniculum vulgare. cinnamon fern 4. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. Christmas fern 5. 6. 7. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Asarum canadense. lavender marjoram 2. 18.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Pulmonaria officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus. 33.S. 1. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Primula vulgaris. A. 25.Stachys byzantina. 8. 32.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . Landscape Architect. Monarda didyma. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. fraxinella 15. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.Humulus lupulus. Jacob's-ladder 3. Dictamnus albus.Origanum majorana.Convallaria majalis. The long. sweet violet 16. The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium ampeloprasum. fennel 19. Viola odorata. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 31. salad 20. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys. the challenge is obvious. garden sage 17. 9.

Korean box 11. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . winter savory 24.Buxus microphylla var. Canada hemlock Standard'. French thyme woodruff koreana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Satureja montana.Sorbus americana. French'.savory germander Willmott'.Galium verum.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.lilac 10. crispum. curly parsley mountain ash 12. 35. sweet 34.Petroselinum crispum var. yellow bedstraw 23.Tsuga canadensis.Galium odoratum.

neapolitanum. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum heracleoticum.Petroselinum crispum var. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Even so.Aloysia triphylla. Surprisingly. devoted to a "yearly surprise. dill 10.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. Italian parsley . 1. this design can be an inspiration.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. lemon verbena 2. 19. It is a pleasing. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Salvia officinalis.Rumex scutatus. garden sage 20. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. geometric design. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. To be placed near the kitchen. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. it became part of the patio." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. One of the beds.

purple basil 4. French tarragon 5. curly parsley 22. garlic chive 26. summer savory 23. borage 'Purpurascens'. Alpine strawberry 7. English thyme bush basil 8. chervil marjoram 21.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. lemon balm cicely 6. 16. winter savory 24.Anthriscus cerefolium. crispum. sweet 18. chive 25. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis.Satureja montana.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja hortensis.17.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 14.Ocimum basilicum 12.Borago officinalis. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . salad 15.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.3.Allium tuberosum. lemon basil 9. basil sativa.Myrrhis odorata.Artemisia dracunculus var.

winter 21.Myrrhis odorata.Pelargonium in variety. gray .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. geometric design.Rosmarinus officinalis. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. it is full of interesting angles.Hyssopus officinalis. 19. so. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Stachys byzantina. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. Created in an orderly way. The center beds here were established in this way. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. D. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. blue 22. purple basil 4.Galium odoratum. English lavender 10.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.C.Satureja montana. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. English thyme lemon thyme 11. 14. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. As a whole. To increase the planting area. rosemary 3. green santolina 12. 1.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. lamb's-ears 20. it is an unusual.Santolina virens. the work paths could be eliminated. scented-leaf geranium 2. sweet 13.Lavandula angustifolia.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Thymus × citriodorus. too.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. sweet cicely 23.

Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Ilex opaca. camphor-scented wormwood 8. horehound24. 25. French thyme santolina 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Marrubium vulgare.Myrtus communis. silver mound artemisia 18. clove pink 7.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis. germander 16.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia camphorata.Dianthus caryophyllus.6. classic myrtle 9. American southernwood holly 17.

French tarragon 14. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Hyssopus officinalis. This center of interest is of particular note. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. too. Coix lacryma-jobi.Satureja montana. rosemary 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. borage 23. casts the shadow for the hour. winter savory 16. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia absinthium. Galium odoratum. English lavender 6.Rosmarinus officinalis. pot marigold 24. gray santolina 13.Chamaemelum . lemon balm 22. purple basil 3. arcticus 21. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. sweet basil 4. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Achillea millefolium. which adds its impression of warmth. Its arrow points north and.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue hyssop 2.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Lavandula angustifolia. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. this herb garden is secluded. absinthe 26. Sometimes space is limited. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Job's tears 11. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. yarrow 12.Calendula officinalis. sweet woodruff 5.Borago officinalis. Ocimum basilicum. 1. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. and if an herb garden is to be created at all.Tanacetum vulgare. sativa. tansy 25.

lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Syringa. chive 18. comfrey20. pineapplescented sage 9. marjoram pecan 10. white creeping thyme nobile. scented-leaf 27.Origanum majorana. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium in variety.7. sweet 29. Salvia officinalis.Carya illinoinensis.Origanum vulgare. variegated garden sage 8. costmary 'Albus'. garden sage 19.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Salvia elegans.Symphytum officinale. chamomile 17.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. wild marjoram 28.

Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 9. sativa. 4. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Marrubium vulgare. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 1. true ginger16. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. lemon balm 35.Origanum majorana. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. purple basil Zingiber officinale.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. 6.Allium schoenoprasum. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja hortensis. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sunken into the ground.Melissa officinalis. Anthriscus cerefolium. parsley 17. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Ruta graveolens. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Ipomoea alba.Artemisia dracunculus var. 7.Teucrium chamaedrys. garlic Levisticum officinale. When controlled in this way.Myrrhis odorata. lovage 22. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. French sorrel 21.Allium sativum. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. rue 31. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Galium odoratum. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. hyssop Meyer lemon . 3. 30. for example lemon balm and spearmint. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 36.Apium graveolens. The more invasive ones. chervil 15. summer 32. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. horehound 33. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. sweet cicely 37. sweet 34. 19. blue 23. 5.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Pelargonium graveolens. rose geranium 2. dill 20. 8. 29.Pelargonium × limoneum. 18.

dwarf nasturtium 13. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. spearmint 27. Greek oregano 12. lemonthyme 28. lemon verbena 11.Thymus × citriodorus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil 14.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. English thyme 26.Magnolia virginiana.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum heracleoticum. Japanese yew 39. salad burnet 25.10.Mentha spicata. French thyme 24. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Tropaeolum minus.Aloysia triphylla.

The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. but. whatever the reason. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. a quick way to ensure good drainage. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. however. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. simplify!.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. < previous page page_22 next page > . Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. "Simplify.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

aloe Grossum Group. 1.Monarda didyma. spicebush absinthe French'. French tarragon 5. lemon 22. sweet 17. 26.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha x piperita. 12. bell pepper 6.Lindera benzoin.Artemisia absinthium. summer basil savory 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. tansy 11. tomato American pennyroyal 4. peppermint 23.Satureja hortensis. rue 20. balm sativa.Origanum majorana.Thymus praecox subsp.Hedeoma pulegioides.Petroselinum crispum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Capsicum frutescens. arcticus. sweet 15.Salvia officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. 16. sweet 25.The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm 19. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Ocimum basilicum. garden sage 3. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Galium odoratum.Impatiens capensis. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. spearmint 21. dill 13.Ruta graveolens. lettuce 10.Lactuca sativa. 18. jewelweed24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Allium fistulosum.Anethum graveolens. 14. parsley 2.Aloe barbadensis.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

A low wall of brick. . and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Russian 13. 8. 1. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Perovskia abrotanoides. germander 7. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. horizontally laid bluestone. encloses this plan.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. too. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. faced and capped with random. arcticus 14. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Pelargonium in variety. French thyme 2. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.Teucrium chamaedrys.

mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. trumpet vine 16.-John'swort 17. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Thymus praecox subsp.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. lemon balm hyssop 12. blue 11. Thymus × citriodorus. St. crimson creeping thyme 9. lady's6.Melissa officinalis.angustifolia.Campsis radicans.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. lavender 3.Hamamelis virginiana. white creeping thyme 5.Santolina neapolitana 4.Galium odoratum.Viburnum cassinoides. witch hazel 18.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. lemon thyme 10. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .

< previous page page_28 next page > . holly. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. lilac. However. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. the shrubsyew. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. however. Germander is a proper edging here. It is. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Although this is not a large garden. box. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

green 27. Corsican 24.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. Japanese holly 42. cottage pink 2. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Anemone pulsatilla. Japanese yew 44. classic myrtle 15. 32. florentina. Myrrhis odorata.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Salvia leucophylla.Ruta graveolens. fraxinella 33. lavender 22. Thymus praecox subsp. columnal yew 43. dwarf crested iris 39.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Iris × germanica var. rue 6. crimson creeping thyme 31.Salvia sclarea. germander 36. 23.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. sweet violet 19. Thymus praecox subsp.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Artemisia camphorata. woolly thyme 7. white hyssop 4. Simkins'.Iris cristata. sweet albula. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. lady's. alpine strawberry 8. Mentha requienii.Thymus praecox subsp. lilac 45. fringed wormwood 16. winter 29. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp. red creeping thyme 10.Teucrium chamaedrys. Heliotropium arborescens. arcticus 'Albus'. dwarf privet 48. 21.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. 26. Alchemilla vulgaris.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Myrtus communis. 12.Syringa patula.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Satureja montana. lamb'sears 35.Santolina virens.Borago officinalis.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Comptonia peregrina. Marrubium vulgare. white creeping thyme 37. mantle chamomile 5. clary 30. prostrate rosemary 13. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet cicely17. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 1.Stachys byzantina.Cytisus supinus.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. Viola odorata. broom 40.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Artemisia frigida. 18. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. gray sage savory 14. Japanese holly 47.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. dwarf box 41. blue horehound hyssop 3.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. santolina alpine pink 28. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Santolina pinnata 34. 9.Dictamnus albus.Hyssopus officinalis. orris 38.Eloise & Jo Ray.20.Chamaemelum nobile.

a running bond pattern. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. while adding to the enclosure of the area. Other paths are brick. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. < previous page page_30 next page > . The varied shapes of the beds add interest. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. an herb garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. a cutting garden. This hedge. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and a vegetable garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. the center of interest for the herb garden. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. as is true here in the vegetable garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The direction a path takes can add interest. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have.

Landscape Architect.L.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. A.A. .

Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Rosa damascena savory crispum. 47. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Anethum graveolens 23.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. Louise'.Ocimum basilicum 54. white 'Bouquet'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Magnolia virginiana. double white peony of-Persia 12. yellow 35.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. 22. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Satureja montana. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. clary 46. blue 27. plantain lily 2.Origanum heracleoticum. French tarragon 8. summer 34.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. 1.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. 14.Hyssopus officinalis.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 55. lemon 29.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Salvia officinalis.Galium odoratum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. helenium 4.Satureja hortensis.Thymus × citriodorus. yellow epimedium 15.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. alpine strawberry 3. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Petroselinum crispum var. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Stachys byzantina.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium in variety.Polystichum acrostichoides.Digitalis grandiflora.Hemerocallis × luteola. blue hyssop 43. statice Solemacher'.Stokesia laevis. germander 39. Achillea taygetea. green santolina 42. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. sativa.Lilium candidum. blue iris 9. verbena rose chive 11. Campanula persicifolia. bush basil 41.Ribes alpinum. 37. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. Dictamnus albus.Limonium latifolium. yellow 24. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Aquilegia chrysantha. 32. York-andLancaster rose 16. starsMaxima'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. winter savory 44. French thyme 7. 53.Santolina virens. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. 50.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. fraxinella 26. lavender 18. lamb's-ears 49. cottage pink French'.Origanum majorana.Aloysia triphylla. 52. sweet marjoram 45.Salvia sclarea. lemon thyme 40. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. pale 28. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Allium christophii. dill wishbone flower 5. sweet 51.Allium schoenoprasum. purple basil Japanese holly 17. garden sage 56. Stokes' aster 31.Helleborus niger. Rosmarinus officinalis. Christmas 48.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. candytuft Standard'.

a retaining wall or walls are needed. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. While serving as a soil retainer. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. < previous page page_32 next page > . as in this case. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden.

Landscape Architect.Mentha spicata. lady's43. .Thymus × citriodorus. Melissa officinalis.Iris cristata. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lamb's25. Ocimum basilicum.Iris pseudacorus.Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon 22. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. sweet 23.Galium odoratum.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm 24. The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.A.Aloysia triphylla. English 44. 42. 21.45. Borago officinalis. Stachys byzantina.R. borage 26.Tanacetum vulgare var. crispum. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. lemon verbena 46. spearmint 41.Viola odorata.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Allium schoenoprasum. Monarda didyma. 1. F. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.A.

mullein chive 47.Salvia officinalis. pink hawthorn 16. 52. post crispum 'Banquet'. horehound neapolitanum. savory sativa. leek 49. Greek 53. citrata. garden sage 36. 37.Allium tuberosum. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. carpet bugleweed 8. 33.Origanum heracleoticum. clove 55.Origanum majorana.Foeniculum vulgare. Proliferum Group.Verbascum thapsus.Salvia elegans. sweet marjoram 28.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia dracunculus var. rosemary 9. southernwood 31. summer 32.Dianthus caryophyllus.Satureja hortensis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. flowering dogwood 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. myrtle 58. 57. polyantha rose 12.Quercus stellata. Ajuga reptans. garlic chive 48.Allium ampeloprasum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Allium cepa. Poterium sanguisorba. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . salad burnet 10. 40. orange mint 29.Cassia marilandica. tabasco senna pepper 20.Marrubium vulgare.Ruta graveolens.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Capsicum frutescens.Allium sativum.Anethum graveolens. pineapple38. Rosmarinus officinalis.Cornus florida.7.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley oak 17. wild 39. Egyptian onion 11.Rosa × rehderana. 56. French tarragon holly 13.Artemisia abrotanum. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. curly mint 30.Crataegus arkansana.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Elaeagnus pungens. Porrum Group. rue 51. absinthe English thyme 27.Mentha pulegium. pennyroyal 54. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Mentha × piperita var. catnip 50. dill 34.Vinca minor.Nepeta cataria. fennel 35.

It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. mothproofing bags. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. Although this is a northeast exposure. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. < previous page page_34 next page > . A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. However. and vinegars. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. sleep pillows. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.

spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Salvia officinalis. orris 17.Artemisia dracunculus var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Rosmarinus officinalis. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Pelargonium tomentosum. purple basil sage 11. lettuce in variety 25. Artemisia pontica. salad 22.Calendula officinalis. lavender 7.Allium sphaerocephalum. 50. bee balm 30.Melissa officinalis. rue 26.Pelargonium × limoneum.Levisticum officinale.Allium moly. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Artemisia abrotanum.Tsuga canadensis. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Mentha spicata.Monarda didyma.Allium cepa. crispum. American rosemary arborvitae 34. 'President Poincare'. sativa. balm valerian 15.Alchemilla vulgaris. 49. Petroselinum crispum var. peppermint geranium 40.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. garden sage 2. French tarragon 10.Tanacetum vulgare. Roman 20. Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Allium pulchellum 47. tansy 16. dwarf savory garden sage 13. chive 43. lemon verbena 36.Hemerocallis. 1. bay 48.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tropaeolum minus.Satureja montana. 'Monge'. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . dwarf nasturtium 37. Proliferum Group. lemon 31. blue hyssop 35.Galium odoratum. 23.Iris × germanica var. Egyptian onion 42. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Lactuca.Pelargonium fragrans. anise hyssop 14.Salvia elegans. lily leek 44. Ruta graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis .Laurus nobilis. costmary 5. Hallock'.Pelargonium graveolens. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. lilac 32. 24. lemon 18. burnet lovage 6. English finger-bowl geranium 38. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Allium sativum var. Thymus × citriodorus.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. nutmeg geranium 39. French gray santolina sorrel 8. 21.Rumex scutatus. southernwood 9.Ocimum basilicum 27. garden 'Purpurascens'.Thuja occidentalis. daylily in variety 41. florentina. winter 29. pot 28.Salvia oficinalis.Agastache foeniculum. round-headed garlic 46.Valeriana officinalis. 19.Allium schoenoprasum.

is the focus of the middle level. Invasive. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. < previous page page_36 next page > . The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. A simple knot. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs.

Valeriana officinalis. 1.Poterium sanguisorba.Artemisia dracunculus var. valerian 5.Sempervivum tectorum.Foeniculum vulgare. golden thyme . pineapplescented sage 47. white thrift 24. sativa. fennel 25.Satureja hortensis.Monarda didyma. dwarf winter savory 2. French tarragon 44.Salvia elegans. Satureja montana 'Nana'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. houseleek 45.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pineapple mint 22. Digitalis purpurea. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Armeria maritima. horehound 46. summer savory 43. foxglove 4.Marrubium vulgare. salad burnet 23. thyme 3. bee balm 26.

Isatis tinctoria. dyer's woad 7. 38.Rosa chinensis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. 40. dwarf edging box 21. absinthe 53.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Salvia viridis. 33. rosemary 28.Sium sisarum.Echium vulgare.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. sweet 32.Anemone pulsatilla.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Hyssopus officinalis. white 58.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum majorana. 30.Symphytum officinale. pink 59.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. winter bugloss 'Albus'. marigold chive 15. fraxinella 8. white creeping thyme aconite 14. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. feverfew climbing rose 16. parthenium. English 52. garden 42. germander 56. rue 31.Ruta graveolens.Galium odoratum.Foeniculum vulgare.Eranthis hyemalis. pot 35.Chrysanthemum 36. China rose comfrey 19.Helleborus niger. sweet 50.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia absinthium.Calendula officinalis.Lilium candidum.Alchemilla vulgaris.6. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Crocus sativus.Levisticum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum. clary 48. Madonna cicely lily 12.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Helleborus orientalis.Myrrhis odorata.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 57.Agrimonia eupatoria.Lavandula angustifolia. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Laurus nobilis. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. 54.Galium verum. 39.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosa eglanteria. viper's 34. angelica Lenten rose 10. skirret 60. arcticus 55. lavender Christmas rose 11. French'. 61. yellow 41. pink 62. sweet 37. Angelica archangelica. annual clary 51.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet basil sage 27.Salvia officinalis. Dictamnus albus. Salvia sclarea.

Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. even though space is limited. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Carya ovata. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. However. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. There is variety in this plan. and the shagbark hickory. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. < previous page page_38 next page > . the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.

Paxton. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.

blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Aloysia triphylla. bee balm Melissa officinalis. germander Agastache foeniculum. rue Cornusflorida. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata.Galium verum. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. lamb's. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. borage Petroselinum crispum. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. dogwood Salvia sclarea. flax Buxus sempervirens. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. stewardsonii. chive Ilex opaca. red mint . wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. Asarum canadense. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. green santolina Primula veris. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. citrata. box Carya ovata. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. angelica Mondarda didyma. valerian Rosa damascena. Canada Isatis tinctoria. Adiantum pedatum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. sweet basil Satureja montana. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. sativa. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French Galium odoratum. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. Marrubium vulgare. Poterium sanguisorba. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. box Buxus sempervirens. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var.Arisaema triphyllum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. box Ruta graveolens. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

A singular statue of St. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. For this appearance. < previous page page_40 next page > . it is open on the side facing the house. unplanned look was desired. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. this excavation. too. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. first intended for the construction of a cottage. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. a dipping pool there. is on a sandy knoll. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. An informal. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. However.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A clump of birch here.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

catnip 73. Iris × germanica var.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Origanum majorana. lemon balm 44.Satureja montana. 63. myrtle 14.Pelargonium denticulatum. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Mentha pulegium.Lavandula angustifolia.Angelica archangelica. gray scented sage santolina 4.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Althaea officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Pelargonium quercifolium. celandine cicely 18.Consolida orientalis. marsh 42.Allium schoenoprasum. feverfew 27. 69.Teucrium canadense.Pelargonium crispum. chive crispum. creeping juniper 26. 34. lemon 35. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. mint 50.Santolina florentina.Chrysanthemum 80. rue 29. 33. 76.Mentha spicata. pennyroyal 46.Thymus praecox subsp. 60.Ocimum basilicum. 58. 72. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Pulmonaria officinalis. 74. orange geranium 11.Digitalis purpurea.Valeriana officinalis. 53.Hyssopus officinalis.Anethum graveolens. Thymus × citriodorus. apple mint 49. 77.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. 61.Nepeta cataria. 1. rose geranium 10. 64. woolly thyme 13.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Ajuga reptans.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. Thymus praecox subsp. 78. 'Prostratus'.Monarda didyma. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 31.Myrrhis odorata. bee balm . wild 43. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 12. garden sage lungwort 57. 67.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 36.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. sea onion angelica 24.Achillea tomentosa. French'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Origanum onites. fern-leaf tansy 23. 8.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium odoratissimum. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. pineapple3. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. peppermint 47. white birch English lavender parthenium. spearmint 45. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 38. purple basil 9. Artemisia dracunculusvar. orris chamaecyparissus. wild 51.Urginea maritima.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa 'Merry England'. red mint 48.Monarda fistulosa. 32.Viola tricolor.Allium favum lovage 22. 59.Pelargonium graveolens. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 30.Levisticum officinale. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Salvia elegans. Sempervivum tectorum.Coriandrum sativum.Salvia officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Thymus herba-barona. 70.Chelidonium majus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. sweet 71. 52.Betula papyrifera. Johnny-jump-up54.The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubium vulgare.Convallaria majalis.Armeria maritima. 68. 65.Mentha × gentilis.Melissa officinalis. thrift55.Pelargonium tomentosum.Stachys byzantina. 79.Poterium sanguisorba.Satureja hortensis.Digitalis grandiflora. pot 66.Mentha suaveolens. winter savory 20. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Vinca minor. golden 37.Origanum vulgare. rose bergamot valerian 25. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Petroselinum crispum.Glechoma hederacea.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Ruta graveolens. 75. blue 2.Anthriscus cerefolium.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

and the two small trees. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the same as the smokehouse construction. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. < previous page page_42 next page > . making it more a part of the herb garden. Because of the edging box. is used for the wall. the accents of the six large box. Foundation stone. They are clustered around the smokehouse. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.

L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.S. . A.A.

40. fringed 43. 44.Tanacetum vulgare var.Chrysanthemum 28. dwarf edging box 14.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum. box 'Citriodorum'. summer 25. lemon 36.Alchemilla vulgaris. spearmint 48. English 'Minimum'. 1. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Crocus.Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum 30. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 31. fraxinella 17. Ocimum basilicum 24.Mentha spicata. sweet marjoram 2. European ginger 4.Buxus sempervirens. balsamita. chive comfrey curly mint 8. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.The number in each planting area is the key number. Pelargonium graveolens.Galium odoratum.Myrrhis odorata.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. balm citrata. Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum.Lilium candidum. verbena English thyme 5.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis.Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Mentha × piperita var. Dictamnus albus.Prunus domestica. 22. lady's. lemon 34. 27. 47. Corsican 33.Ocimum basilicum 32. Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm 29. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. lovage 46. 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia dracunculus var. 41. blue angelica lungwort 20.38.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. 21. sweet 37. white 23. purple basil sativa.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium giganteum.Mentha × piperita. Satureja hortensis. Symphytum officinale.Aloysia triphylla. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. species in variety crispum. sweet cicely45. Asarum europaeum.Crataegus laevigata. sweet 26.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 35. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . crownbasil savory imperial 11. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Fritillaria imperialis.Levisticum officinale.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja montana. orange mint 19. lemon basil 15. pineapple mint 18.Artemisia frigida. rosemary 3.Mentha requienii.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. Origanum majorana. 39.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. winter 42.

The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. This is true also of the stone curbing. too.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. < previous page page_44 next page > . Instead. the dwarf box edging. a soil retainer. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Lowgrowing. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. The dipping bowl. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. pink of Dianthus. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. although it is ample at four feet. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. two specimen shrubs. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. This hedge.

< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .S. A.L. Landscape Architect.A.

sweet 27. Spanish bluebell 16. arcticus 34. 54. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Galanthus nivalis.Levisticum officinale.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. caraway thyme albus. winter savory 39. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. green santolina 37. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Crocus kotschyanus.Digitalis grandiflora.Santolina virens. 61. golden thyme41.Narcissus triandrus var. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. Compactus'.Angelica archangelica. rue25.Cimicifuga racemosa. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Aloysia triphylla.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Sternbergia lutea. marjoram crocus 7.Galium odoratum. Thymus doerfleri. gray 22. sweet 55. 56. angustifolia 'Nana'. 51.Pelargonium in variety.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. American 38. borage 31.Heliotropium arborescens. Salvia officinalis.Myrica pensylvanica. 43. 52. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Convallaria majalis. Stachys byzantina.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Mertensia virginica. orange mint 8. tulip citrata. 50.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Nepeta mussinii.Leucojum aestivum. sweet 47.Mentha spicata.Borago officinalis. clary 32. 1. 44. 58. lamb's-ears 28. 45. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Teucrium canadense.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus lividus subsp.Mentha × piperita. black cohosh windflower 15.Anemone blanda. Origanum majorana. verbena snowflake 19.Crocus speciosus. 40.Mentha × piperita var.Tulipa clusiana. 53.Satureja montana. thyme 29.Pelargonium in variety. lemon 33.Helleborus niger.Ocimum basilicum. Madonna 63. lily.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. prostrate rosemary 18. 17. catmint 35. 36. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Salvia sclarea.Crocus angustifolius.57.Narcissus asturiensis. 26. white 42.Lilium candidum. spearmint 48.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus herba-barona. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. 2. lemon 60.Allium christophii. 'Lanuginosus'.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Dicentra spectabilis.Hamamelis virginiana.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 30. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. angel's-tears 59.Thymus × citriodorus. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. 49. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 20.Crocus tomasinianus. 46.

Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Morning sun warms it early. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. First. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The results have been most satisfying.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Second. very livable and profoundly satisfying. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > .

Porrum Group. tulip 45. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Tulipa tarda. Landscape Architect.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Ocimum basilicum.L. 'Lambrook Silver'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. .A. garden sage 4. 1. wild celery 42.Salvia sclarea. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Artemisia absinthium 24.Allium ampeloprasum. Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus praecox subsp. A.Allium neapolitanum.Apium graveolens.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. English thyme 43. absinthe sativa. The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon 5. woolly thyme 3. crocus 44.Salvia officinalis. 26.Artemisia lactiflora.Crocus sieberi. marigold 41. clary thyme 22.Tagetes 'Lulu'. lemon 21.S. Origanum heracleoticum. leek 46. Beauty'. 25. sweet basil 23.

foxglove 7.Hyssopus officinalis.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Aconitum napellus.Levisticum officinale. Robert verbena Brydon'.Asclepias tuberosa.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Petroselinum crispum var.Dianthus × allwoodii. viola holly 18.Malus hupehensis. clematis 11. curly parsley 20.Nepeta × faassenii. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Crataegus phaenopyrum. great 31. green 40.Santolina virens.Achillea filipendula 60. bee balm foxglove Choice'. 8. Lavandula angustifolia.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Galium mollugo. 54. American elderberry 15. catmint 53.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lemon 50. lamb's-ears 52. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Stachys byzantina. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Tropaeolum minus. yellow 55. fraxinella 36. pale 49. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. 56.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Rosmarinus officinalis. Viola odorata.Ilex opaca. pink 30. lobelia Sherbert'. blue 38. weed chive 48. 58. 32. white evergreen azalea 16.Lobelia siphilitica.Aloysia triphylla.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. 39.Origanum majorana. monkshood upright yew 17.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Allium schoenoprasum. American marjoram Yellow'.Ipomoea alba.Clematis 'Mrs. sweet 37. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. 29. lovage 34. alpine 28. butterfly 47. red currant gray santolina 13.Allium senescens var. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Artemisia camphorata. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Cornus florida.Digitalis grandiflora. dogwood 19. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Dictamnus albus.Ribes sativum. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

even though the growing area is not extensive.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. repeats again the octagonal form. an impression of Sol in it. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. The four herb beds. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. are raised with bricks on edge. Well-drained as they are. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A birdbath of copper. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > .

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

rue 35. Semple.Marrubium vulgare. 42. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . rosemary 33.Salvia sclarea.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. bush basil 23. sweet basil 22. Galium odoratum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. absinthe 20. 43.Heliotropium arborescens.Joan E.Nepeta mussinii. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Stachys byzantina.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French tarragon 7.Poterium sanguisorba. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Pelargonium graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 1. catmint 6.Ocimum basilicum.Allium tuberosum. curly parsley 32.Petroselinum crispum var. sativa. variegated garden sage 37.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium denticulatum. peppermint 4.Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 19. Artemisia absinthium. Artemisia dracunculus var. purple basil 24. 27.Aloysia triphylla. heliotrope 31.Pelargonium tomentosum. orange santolina geranium 11. Anethum graveolens. dill 18. curly mint 3.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Mentha × piperita. prostrate rosemary 34. white creeping thyme 12. crispum.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. English thyme horehound 2. Artemisia abrotanum.Mentha spicata. 28. 16.Pelargonium crispum. lemon 30. angustifolia. lavender 15. purple variegated garden sage 36. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. gray 'Prince of Orange'. lamb's-ears 17. lemon 41. 29.Ruta graveolens. lemon 39. thyme salad burnet 40.Allium schoenoprasum. clary 21. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula dentata. spearmint southernwood 5. golden variegated garden sage 38.Santolina 25. sweet woodruff 9. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia. silver mound artemisia 8. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia officinalis. clove pink 10.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. French 26.

A birdbath may replace the pool. < previous page page_52 next page > . The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. if neither is available. a toolhouse. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. rose geranium. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. lemon verbena. rose. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. A suitable fence. too. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. and lantana are a few. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

geranium 16. A.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. 9. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. The number in each planting area is the key number. white creeping thyme 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. woolly thyme 15.Thymus × citriodorus.Tanacetum vulgare var. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Aloysia triphylla.Rosmarinus officinalis.S. lemon thyme 20. absinthe 'Minimum'.Santolina virens. fern-leaf tansy 8. bush basil 5. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lemon 10.Chenopodium botrys. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Chamaemelum nobile.Heliotropium arborescens. zonal geranium 18. 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. heliotrope 21.A. rosescented geranium 17. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. green 12.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. arcticus 'Albus'. gray santolina chamomile 14. verbena ambrosia 4. 1.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. zonal geranium 19.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. 7.Artemisia absinthium 11.L.Pelargonium frutetorum. lavender 3. Landscape Architect.Origanum majorana. crispum. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .

box. Hyssop hedges define the circles. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Angelica. The dwarf box frames the focal point. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. a sundial. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. artemisias. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. but the design itself has endured forty years. mints. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. the design is clearly traced. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. a deep mauve to others. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. apothecary's rose. As the snows melt. and coltsfoot are only a few of them.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Box and holly enclose it all. These can easily obliterate a design. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

pot bergamot marjoram 7. 59.Monarda fistulosa. germander 43.Origanum onites.Lavandula dentata. marjoram lungwort crispum. Satureja montana. white dead 49. weld 54. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Paeonia officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. lilac 70.Artemisia camphorata. green santolina 24. southernwood 2.Sium sisarum.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. masterwort 69. 26.Teucrium chamaedrys.Santolina neapolitana 36. orris box 22. Pelargonium in variety. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Melissa officinalis.Sedum telephium. scented. Dianthus caryophyllus. sweet European ginger cicely 3. arcticus 39.Sempervivum tectorum.Symphytum officinale. blue 50. grape fennel 19. Canadian burnet 13. piney 44.30. Chamaemelum nobile.Myrrhis odorata.Astrantia major.Allium schoenoprasum. white creeping thyme French'. skirret 53. bush basil nettle orpine 4. rue 23. leaf geranium French lavender 8. clove pink 29. daffodil 17.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. Tropaeolum majus. alpine 60.Stachys byzantina.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Alchemilla alpina. yew Beauty'. Origanum majorana. butterfly weed35.Arisaema dracontium. arcticus 40. florentina. sweet woodruff45. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. houseleek Lenten rose 11. arcticus 38. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. perilla 51.Isatis tinctoria.Thymus praecox subsp.Foeniculum vulgare.Pyrus communis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum.Reseda luteola.James D.Buxus sempervirens.Syringa. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Pulmonaria officinalis. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Tanacetum vulgare var. 62.Alchemilla vulgaris.Armeria maritima. lady's-mantle 46. sweet 27.63. white 66.Lamium album.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. crimson creeping thyme 18.Perillafrutescens. gray 37. absinthe 34.Taxus. thrift 41.47. Santolina virens.Iris × germanica var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. wild 52. blue hyssop 42.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Asclepias tuberosa. feverfew 14. 1.Hyssopus officinalis. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . 67.Vitis. chamomile 31.Asarum europaeum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 55. valerian 6.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. winter savory 32. nasturtium 28. 58.Helleborus niger. green. 65. 'Albus'. dwarf edging box 21. dyer's woad 9.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 56.Helleborus orientalis.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus atrorubens 12. bronze 64. rosemary 25. orris 57. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. Graham.Thymus praecox subsp.Valeriana officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 5.Lavandula angustifolia. 48.Lilium candidum. Rosmarinus officinalis. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lamb's-ears 33.

In addition to the brick edging around each. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. They are small specialty beds. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. The large. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. pink. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. However. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. rising from the courtyard.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. At the top of the steps. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. < previous page page_56 next page > . include this one. with buds of red. Rosa 'Albertine'." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. The brick edging around each bed is a help. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. If there is room for only one rambler rose. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds.

Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 22.Rheum rhabarbarum. 23. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Satureja montana. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. English thyme . pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. caraway 24. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. angelica 20.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. bush basil 43. alpine strawberry 3. rhubarb 2. Angelica archangelica. 1. tansy Bois'.Borago officinalis. lemon balm 42.Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Lavandula angustifolia. foxglove 39.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. lavender 4. Carum carvi. garden sage 40. subsp.Melissa officinalis. winter savory 41.

Mentha × piperita var. 29. pot 50.6.Calendula officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. 54.Marrubium vulgare.R.Satureja hortensis. Irish-lace 48. cheddar pink 53. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. lemon 51. Consolida ambigua. rose 28.Lavandula dentata.'Baronne Prevost'. Pelargonium graveolens. salad 7.R.Chrysanthemum. musk rose 12.Dianthus Victoria'. 45. French 33. Hyssopus officinalis.R. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus 'Argenteus'.R. 36.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.R. thyme frutescens.Chrysanthemum 46. 56.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Pelargonium. 31. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. muscosa 15.Teucrium chamaedrys.Laurus nobilis. silver 27. citrata.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Mexican tea 18.Tagetes filifolia. marguerite chive 9.Aloysia triphylla. clove pink Mammoth'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.R. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. centifolia.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. var. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . centifolia var. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. blue hyssop 25. prostrate rosemary 16.Chenopodium 55.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. geranium in 30.R. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.sativa.Salvia elegans. 35. bourbon rose 10. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. 49.Artemisia dracunculus 44.R.'Albertine'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. curly parsley 26.Origanum majorana. French'. sweet 37. centifolia 'Cristata'. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Anethum graveolens 47. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. pineapple34.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.

too. as it should be. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Balance is augmented. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. < previous page page_58 next page > . Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. and the access to it is surfaced with brick.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Laid in an unusual pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. It is near the house.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 13. 19. heliotrope 3.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.S. chive lemon verbena 6.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet basil 14. gray 15. 21.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.Ocimum basilicum.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Thymus praecox subsp. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. English thyme signet marigold 11.L.Santolina virens. dill 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Myosotis sylvatica.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. lavender 2.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Aloysia triphylla. A.Satureja hortensis. white creeping thyme 4.Anethum graveolens. 1. double white peony 5. santolina moss rose 7. Landscape Architect. 24. green 22. angustifolia 'Munstead'. 20.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Hyssopus officinalis. 17. dwarf edging box 8.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. English'. rosemary yellow viola 10.A. 16.Salvia officinalis. The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Albus'. 23.Heliotropium arborescens.

Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. < previous page page_60 next page > . and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. and a comfortable. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The grape vines. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Herbs. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. the fence with roses. too. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and the grape arbor. winter pruned. potted lemon verbena.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. sweet climbing rose. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. marsh climbing rose.Amsonia tabernaemontana. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Althaea officinalis. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. purple variegated garden sage 4. Iris cristata. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Aloysia triphylla. Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon Linum perenne. three. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Stachys byzantina. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . BED II germander BED IV 2. conical yew rosemary 1. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Galium odoratum. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Valeriana officinalis. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Nepeta mussinii. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. 3. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'.Connecticut Vera Breed. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica.

comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Thymus. plume Baptisia australis. creeping thyme in variety 8. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. tuberosa 6. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Sempervivum. houseleek in variety 7. lemon Anemone hybrida. Delphinium × belladonna. Rosmarinus officinalis. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lavender 10. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. fairy rose Giant'. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. lemon thyme 9. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Thymus × citriodorus. angustifolia 'Munstead'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. catmint 5. Chamaemelum nobile. beach Marrubium vulgare.

if desired. Either it flourished too well. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Later. Herbs. tend to broaden the width of the garden. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. silver. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. blue green. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. magnolia. its detail is shown below. holly. myrtle. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. planted in bands across these beds. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. grew too large. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Another angle could be tried with these. Ivy. and bright green in the herb beds. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Galium odoratum.Pelargonium × nervosum. Borago officinalis. 44.Magnolia grandiflora. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . winter 'Purpurascens'.Thymus herba-barona. woolly thyme 8.Pelargonium graveolens. bush basil albula. French thyme 39. silver-king artemisia 23. lovage 48. thyme 38. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Poterium sanguisorba. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Buxus sempervirens 14. gray santolina 15. lamb's. American holly 31.Thymus praecox subsp. spearmint 42.Rosmarinus officinalis.Hedera helix. salad 43.Vinca minor.Origanum majorana. bay rosemary 12. ears rose geranium 3.Melissa officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. bayberry balm thyme 13.Tanacetum vulgare.Satureja montana.Teucrium chamaedrys. box chamaecyparissus. lemon 29. English ivy burnet 10.Laurus nobilis. Ruta graveolens.Mentha suaveolens. tansy 45. sweet 34. white creeping thyme 41. Ocimum basilicum 24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Monarda didyma. rue 20. English thyme chamomile 2. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. dwarf edging box 11.Thymus doerfleri.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus carnosus. dwarf 21.Artemisia ludoviciana var. arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 28.Pelargonium fragrans. sweet woodruff 36. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. 49. horehound germander 17. Ocimum basilicum 22. bee balm30.Chamaemelum nobile. 1. purple garden sage 7.Rumex scutatus.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 25. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. borage 26. 33. lemon 46.19.Ilex opaca. thyme 37. Tropaeolum minus. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha spicata.Artemisia dracunculus var.Marrubium vulgare. purple basil savory 35. English'.Artemisia abrotanum.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. French 27. Stachys byzantina.Thymus praecox subsp. lime geranium 4. 'Minimum'. caraway thyme 40. 6.Levisticum officinale. myrtle 47.Myrica pensylvanica.

adding to the space for walking. Laurus nobilis. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. brick. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. There is variety in the walks. It is located for the best viewing. standards. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. too. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. < previous page page_64 next page > . It is a large garden. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. and treessome of which are espaliered. too. The four potted bay. potted shrubs. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. The use of flagstone.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. accent this prime focal point even more. maypoles.

Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Nigella damascena. pot 52. Thymus × citriodorus. 25.Chenopodium botrys.acerifolium. musty oakscented geranium 5.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . 51. lemon 29.odoratissimum. 1.P. Johnny-jump.Calendula officinalis.Viola tricolor. 26.50. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. 49.53. apple English thyme up geranium 3.Chrysanthemum balsamita.P. love-in. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Satureja montana.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.P. winter 27. wild 28. fragrans. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.P.quercifolium.

Malus. arcticus43. golden lemon thyme 7.Pelargonium crispum. strawberry 48.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. lemon geranium 56.P. crispum 'Minor'. chamomile 8.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. bay 20.Livingston'. sweet flag 16.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon balm 45. tomentosum. pheasant's. lettuce 40. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. 61.Origanum dictamnus. parsley 35.Levisticum officinale.P. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Mentha. pine crispum. French tarragon Rose'.Allium schoenoprasum. 71.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. fern-leaf 'Nana'. lettuce 39.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula angustifolia.P.Viola odorata. lemon 47. lemon 65. box 19.Malus angustifolia.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var.72. white creeping thyme geranium 68. English lavender 32. lemon-rose geranium 22.P. salad 42. lemon southernwood geranium 34. bronze 38.Aloysia triphylla. camphor-scented geranium 69. Hyssopus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Poncirus trifoliata. denticulatum 11. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Acorus calamus. 64. forsythia 'Albus'. orange geranium 23.P.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. Rosmarinus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. lime geranium 55. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.P.Monarda didyma. 44. 57.Allium senescens var.Mentha pulegium. bee balm 63. blue hyssop 10.Fragaria vesca.Laurus nobilis.P. peppermint 67.6.Myrtus communis. classic 21.P. graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum.Marrubium vulgare. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . lemon geranium 33. 62. sweet 37. glutinosum. white sweet yarrow violet 13. crispum. garden sage 54.Achilleafilipendula.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Tanacetum vulgare var.P.P. fern-leaf 60. dill 36.Salvia officinalis.Thymus serpyllum. cherry tomato chive 17.Petroselinum crispum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. horehound 46. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.P. denticulatum. radens. rosemary 9. radens 'Dr. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. 58. 41. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Origanum majorana.P. crowfoot 70.Melissa officinalis.Salvia caerulea. rose geranium66. wild thyme 31.× nervosum.Forsythia.P.

and Allium karataviense. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. too. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. This is a large garden by any standard. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. < previous page page_66 next page > . Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. green santolina. In keeping with this feeling. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

green santolina 14. winter savory 9.Allium christophii.Hyssopus officinalis. big blue lilyturf 12.Levisticum officinale. apple mint 13. 15. 1. Mentha suaveolens.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia frigida. Baker.Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja montana. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Allium moly.Liriope muscari. lemon 11. blue hyssop 16. fringed 7.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . chive 4.Florence B. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. 8. Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 18.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray 10. Santolina virens. wormwood fennel 2. arcticus. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativa. dwarf garden 17. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Salvia officinalis.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

< previous page page_70 next page > . and the front porch of the house. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the square. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. for the box after new spring growth. Many herb gardens could provide this. the circle. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the upper deck. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

dwarf myrtle 6. Italian cypress 9. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . winter savory 4. dwarf edging box 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Cedrus deodara.The number in each planting area is the key number.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Satureja montana.Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 2. viola 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. lavender 5.Cupressus sempervirens. 1. lemon 8.

" as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Coin with Tudor rose design. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Paths are gravel.. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. from Peter Coats. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Roses. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. as it was with this plan.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

blue hyssop 2. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha spicata. mallow 13. caraway 35.Ruta graveolens. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . 1. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Lactuca sativa. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Anemone pulsatilla.Myrtus communis. 22.Satureja montana.Crithmum maritimum. Foeniculum vulgare. oxlip 17. saffron lily crocus 12.Aconitum napellus.Fumaria officinalis. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Crocus sativus.Primula elatior.Calendula officinalis.Bellis perennis. lettuce 28.Lavandula angustifolia. chamomile 4. sweet violet 6. winter 32.Viola odorata. Dianthus caryophyllus. rosemary 16. lemon balm 31. absinthe peppermint 8. 19. salad burnet 10.Viola tricolor. parsley 29. fennel 21.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lilium candidum. Origanum majorana. 34.Fragaria vesca. spearmint 30. Thymus serpyllum.Carum carvi.Melissa officinalis.Buxus sempervirens.Poterium sanguisorba. monkshood27. Malva sylvestris. English daisy 36.Mentha × piperita.Iris pseudacorus. clove20. rue 33. 25. classic myrtle 18. pot marigold 15.Petroselinum crispum. Madonna 23.The number in each planting area is the key number. Chamaemelum nobile. earth 24. Eryngium maritimum.Primula vulgaris. yellow flag 26. sweet marjoram 3. wild thyme 5.

Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. silver mound. Selected for this reason.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. along with a measure of fragrance. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. most of the blooms are nightscented. white. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. plumed. spurred." Concrete blocks. white blooms and woolly. but Always Love. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. However. its tufted. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. a moondial rather than a sundial is used.

< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. silver 16. Stachys byzantina.Marrubiam vulgare. lamb's.Lilium candidum. 1. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. white 32. white . petunia 30.19. silver mound artemisia 3. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 17. horehound 2. sweet 31.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. pink 15.Galanthus nivalis.Galium odoratum. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Dictamnus albus. 'Albus'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.

silver-king artemisia columbine 13. white 27. sweet violet 20. tulip 37. dame's honesty rocket 14. Yucca filamentosa. rose 41. tuberose 36. moonflower 39.Convallaria majalis.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. Artemisia lactiflora. albula. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. Viola odorata.Salvia sclarea.Lunaria annua. 25.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. 28. rose 40. daffodil 35.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Matthiola incana. beach mugwort wormwood 9. Artemisia absinthium.Polianthes tuberosa.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Ipomoea alba.Iris × germanica var. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.6.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. clary 24.Artemisia ludoviciana var. lily-ofthe-valley 11. white 22.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. lavender 12. western mugwort 7. needle florentina.Artemisia ludoviciana.Artemisia stellerana.Rosa 'Cinderella'. Adam's.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 26. white stock absinthe 10. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Malus 'Guiding Star'.21.Hesperis matronalis. 23. tulip 38.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. orris 8.

for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. This herb garden. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. too. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. related to an old mill reconstruction. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. < previous page page_76 next page > . Many of these herbs lack the hues. textures. required their use as an educational adjunct. Rather. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

broad 42. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Indigofera tinctoria. 23.Rudbeckia hirta.Monarda didyma. queen.Rubia tinctorum. Agave fourcroydes. 20.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Cotinus coggygria. sumac poke 17.Anthemis tinctoria.Isatis tinctoria. onion China jute 4.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Crocus sativus. madder 54. goldthread 41. 1. lily.Hypericum perforatum.Dipsacus sativus. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. 39.Coptis trifolia. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.. 53.Galium verum.Ligustrum vulgare. 35.Urtica dioica.Allium cepa. 32. 43. bee 36. blueberry 13. golden 40. Sansevieria trifasciata.Anchusa officinalis. woad Susan laevifolium. Abutilon theophrasti.Rumex acetosa. weld 57. sisal 27. Manila 25. dyer's broom safflower 6.Carthamus tinctorius. alkanet 52. Boehmeria nivea. garden 56. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Rhus typhina.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. 26.Reseda luteola. Scotch broom hemp 7. 48.Agrimonia eupatoria. dyer's 31.Furcraea hexapetala.Tagetes patula. African 45.Hydrastis canadensis. 37.38.Parmelia conspersa. yellow 55.Cytisus scoparius. Linum usitatissimum. sweet 49. barberry teasel woodruff 12. saffron crocus marguerite 3. henequen marigold bearberry 8. 22.Sanguinaria canadensis.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.51.Solidago species.Pteridium aquilinum.Tagetes erecta. Agave sisalana.Rumex obtusifolius. 47.Viburnum acerifolium. black-eyed 50. 34.Phytolacca americana.Cladrastis lutea. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Berberis vulgaris.46. flax 21.Coreopsis tinctoria. ramie 24. 28.Prunus persica. 29.Galium odoratum. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Chelidonium majus. Hibiscus cannabinus. Musa textilis. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Filipendula ulmaria. stinging nettle44.Genista germanica.Mahonia aquifolium. Gossypium hirsutum. peach bracken sorrel 19. St. French 33. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. fuller's 30.Morus rubra or alba. privet marigold 15.Convallaria majalis.Genista tinctoria.

as well as the roses. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. A totally appealing edging. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. < previous page page_78 next page > . Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Elsewhere.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Belle Amour' 6. 24. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. cl. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. cl. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Seven Sisters'. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. cl. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Sombreuil'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. rambler 20. 1. Legras de St. 'American Pillar'. cl. 'Mignonette' 5. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 22. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'White Rose of York' 3. 23. 18. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Alfred de Rougemont'. 25. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. rambler 19. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Queen of the Prairies'.

< previous page page_80 next page > . The notch of four square feet. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

(Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. annuum 'Nosegay'. red 38. giant garlic var.B.C. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. annuum 'Fips'.B.A.B.A.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. 40.A. dulce 47. Capsicum annuum var. 39. 27. 32.Solanum melongena var.A.B. oleracea 'Green Parade'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .C. annuum 'Golden Bell'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. 22. graveolens var. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. cherry tomato 34.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. chive 42. leek 5. ruby swiss chard var. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. crispum 'Banquet'.B.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. garlic chive 44. 30. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.A. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.C. graveolens var.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. red-flowered kale 6. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. celery Group.S.L. C. dulce 50. annuum 'Variegata'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.C. curly eggplant parsley 23. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. 28.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.C. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. red 37.B. lycopersicum var. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. C. oleracea 'Red Acre'. celery I 31. dulce 'Utah 5270'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.Cichorium intybus. sprouts celery 8. kohlrabi Rock'.L. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. melongena 1. graveolens var. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. annuum 'Red Boy'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. Boerner. scorodoprasum.Apium graveolens var. 29. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. white-flowered kale 49. graveolens 'French Dinant'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. 24. celery Bed 9. oleracea 'Prima'.B.B. C. C.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.A. cepa Proliferum Group.B. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. eggplant 43.A. 48. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. melongena 2. shallot Lakes'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. pear Purple Vienna'. Petroselinum crispum var.esculentum 'Long Black'. Beauty'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.sativa 'Ruby'.S. C. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.annuum 'Floral Gem'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. schoenoprasum. annuum 'Mosaic'. tuberosum.A. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. 26. 45.B.A. C. C. annuum 'Black Prince'.C.B. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. 25. annuum 'Teno'.

arcs. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. All of the circles. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. When viewed from the terrace above. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and golden thyme. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. for each is a complete entity. winter savory.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

lime geranium Rose'.Myrica pensylvanica. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . grossularioides.P. apricot geranium28. oak-leaved geranium 16. 17. tomentosum. lemon geranium 22.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. apple gray santolina geranium 3. Livingston'. golden 11. Satureja montana.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. maple-leaved 18. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. radens 'Dr.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. Assoc. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. × nervosum 'Torento'. 15. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. germander crowfoot geranium 21.P. green 14. rose-scented geranium 4. peppermint 26.P. crispum.× nervosum. A. 19. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. crispum 'French Lace.P. The number in each planting area is the key number. pungent-scented geranium 25.Ilex glabra. odoratissimum.Melissa R.P. winter 13. rose geranium 27. 29. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. scabrum. Santolina chamaecyparissus.P. P.P. gooseberry geranium 24. 1. graveolens.P.L.P.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. Santolina virens. Landscape Architect. × domesticum 6. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P.P. inkberry geranium 9. 12.S.P.' lemon geranium 23.A. P.P. P. Teucrium chamaedrys. acerifolium. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. Marshall. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.. orange geranium 8.P.

Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. especially when it is blooming. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. which is framed with a brick edging. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. filled with plants that have contrasting color.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. English lavender 2. 1. . To ease the care for a more complicated design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern.Hyssopus officinalis. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. and growth to the plants of the knot design.Santolina virens. texture. Its interspaces can be mulched. such as a dwarf edging box. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. or marble chips. sand. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Maintenance is high for a knot. For the knot to look its best at all times. blue hyssop 3. on page 37. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Lavandula angustifolia. was planted using edging box only. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. closed knot design. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive.

Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina virens. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 3. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . green santolina 2. 1. dwarf edging box 4.

which is found more often out in the open. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. white 7. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. arcticus 'Coccineus'.S. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. praecox subsp. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. Some maintenance is required for clipping. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. fig 4. creeping thymes. 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. which are confined to that area. the height of the edging. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. arcticus 'Albus'. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. lavender Japanese barberry 5.Thymus praecox subsp. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. Teucrium chamaedrys. 1. variegated garden sage . It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. In another departure from the usual.T.officinalis 'Tricolor'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. herba-barona.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. purple variegated 11. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. rosemary creeping thyme 2. 8. The knot material is maintained at six inches. caraway thyme 9. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Rosmarinus officinalis.T.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

Teucrium canadense. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender .< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. American germander 3. gray santolina 2.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. germander .Teucrium chamaedrys.

2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.

a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. < previous page page_88 next page > . which are also laid on edge. pleasing color. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. each one a quarter-circle. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. again laid on edge. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. adding another facet to an appealing design. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. a complement for the colors of the plant material.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Allium senescens var. Russian sage 24. silver thyme 6. silver sage 15. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Artemisia frigida.Salvia clevelandii. woolly yarrow 23.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. lavender 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Salvia argentea. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 5.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. candicans.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Stachys byzantina. rue 21.Teucrium fruticans.Anthemis tinctoria. tree germander 22. fern-leaf yarrow 27. dwarf 12.Leontopodium alpinum. samphire14. golden marguerite 25.Anthemis marschalliana. lavender 9.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Lavandula dentata var.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. blue sage 13.Marrubium incanum. 18.Crithmum maritimum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. tree artemisia 26. 17. 1. French lavender 3.Perovskia atriplicifolia. silver horehound 19. curry plant 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf gray santolina 20. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Helichrysum angustifolium. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 16. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. glaucum 11.Santolina neapolitana 10.Artemisia arborescens. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.

Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. oregano. < previous page page_90 next page > . Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. which include hanging baskets. thyme. sweet marjoram. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. lady's-mantle. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. are without number. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Styles of containers. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. Some are rosemary. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. basil. If one is familiar with herbs. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. As with other plant material. and the savories. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. The color of the container plays a lesser role. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile.

as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.

< previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. LandscapeArchitect. Of course supervision is necessary. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.A.S. < previous page page_95 next page > . such an outlay would be unwarranted.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.L. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. If children's interest is not sustained. A. However.

There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Instead of benches on the patio. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. too. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers." selected for their greater fragrance. These are ''old roses. A sundial can be fun and also educational. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Children in this age group can help with the construction.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. < previous page page_96 next page > . Just keep a garden design for children simple. they are easily handpicked.

L.A.S.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Landscape Architect. . A.

glaucum 31. pot marigold 8.Rosa gallica. horehound 26.Allium moly. cottage pink 18.Isatis tinctoria. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English lavender 7.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Hedeoma pulegioides. 16.Rosa damascena.Satureja hortensis. garden sage 24. Borago officinalis. lovage 12. dill pennyroyal 11. 20.Salvia sclarea. southernwood 5.Allium senescens var. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. dwarf 6.Calendula officinalis. crispum.rocambole 28. ambrosia 2. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Lavandula angustifolia. Italian parsley 23. ophioscorodon. 13.Allium sativum var.Allium tuberosum.Chenopodium botrys. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . clary 25. dyer's bush basil woad 9. damask rose 32. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Levisticum officinale.Anethum graveolens. 1.Salvia officinalis. alpine strawberry 3.Tropaeolum minus.Artemisia abrotanum.Origanum majorana. garlic chive 29. love-in-a-mist 14. Petroselinum crispum var. American 21. Nigella damascena.Nepeta cataria.Artemisia camphorata.The number in each planting area is the key number. 19. Dianthus plumarius. borage 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Marrubium vulgare. catnip 27. summer savory 22. English lavender 4. neapolitanum.Petroselinum crispum var. lily leek 30.

The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. are a seal and a turtle. not noted on the plan. The sculptures. All are inviting to the touch. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. previously used as a skating rink. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The oval. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. < previous page page_98 next page > . The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator.

F.A.R. Landscape Architect.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .

cowslip Linaria. bee orchid Erigeron. coltsfoot Mimulus. duckweed Antennaria. Greek Stachys byzantina. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. dog violet Lemna. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. mint Tagetes. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. fat-hen Primula veris. winter savory Mentha. Trifolium pratense. marigold Salvia officinalis. fleabane Stellaria. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. bee balm Satureja montana. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. Allium schoenoprasum. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. Foeniculum vulgare. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. chive dandelion Allium sativum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . sweet Artemisia abrotanum.Hedeoma pulegioides. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. borage Tanacetum vulgare. lousewort Viola canina. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. chamomile Mentha. Nepeta cataria. mint Galium odoratum. English Tussilago farfara. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. tansy Monarda didyma. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera.

its wooden structure long gone. A number of wooden window frames. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Their height eases the task of weeding. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Its plant list. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Still. an exceedingly long one. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. < previous page page_101 next page > . and old barn beams another about the same height. Instead. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. are superb for displaying potted herbs. a mint. Here. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. developed particularly for study. in a climate like this it can be of critical import.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. it is a most satisfying growing situation. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. feverfew. for an old barn foundation of stone.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

A. 61.S. herba-barona.Acinos alpinus.Aloysia triphylla. thyme 102.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosmarinus officinalis. golden marjoram 26. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. onites.Campanula rapunculus. woolly thyme 101. calamint valerian 24. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.A. white creeping thyme 97. 43.Althaea officinalis.P. purple variegated garden sage 85.T. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Genista tinctoria.Viola odorata. angelica lemon geranium 5. wormwood germander 9.Ocimum basilicum.Plantago major. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.S. yarrow herb Robert 4.Melissa officinalis. apple wormwood geranium 8. 64.A.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pallasianus.-John'swort 91. foxglove 2.Digitalis lanata. 'Purpurascens'. purple basil English lavender 18. sweet 41. rose costmary campion 23. 54. catmint 63.Lychnis coronaria. sweet violet 40.Thymus praecox subsp.Agastache foeniculum. bee balm lovage 20.Asarum canadense. southernwood houseleek 12. camphorata. rosemary 82. tomentosum.Salvia officinalis. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. viper's 65.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. alpine savory 89. pot marjoram bugloss 27. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon thyme 100. 'Clear Gold'. Grecian 59. stellerana. golden variegated garden sage 86.T 'Argenteus'. pink 58.Satureja montana. skirret 90.T.T. pontica. foxglove cypress spurge 21. marsh mallow 13. Roman 46.Campanula persicifolia. odorous thyme 104. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Angelica archangelica.T.A.O.Calendula officinalis. basilicum 56. betony 92. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. odoratissimum.Alchemilla vulgaris.O. beach 47. rose sativa. crimson creeping thyme 96. officinalis 'Tricolor'. plantain 80.Valeriana officinalis.Chelidonium majus.Echium vulgare.Ranunculus ficaria. didyma 'Rosea'.Nepeta mussinii. arcticus 'Coccineus'.M. 1.Levisticum officinale. creeping veronica . southernwood ground cherry 10.Achillea millefolium.Veronica serpyllifolia. 48. camphor.Galium odoratum. absinthe 51.O.Calamintha grandiflora. golden thyme 98. × citriodorus. caraway thyme 103. sweet 53.T.49. basilicum 'Minimum'. rue 83.A.Ruta graveolens. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lemon 52. arcticus 'Albus'. 44.Hypericum perforatum. sweet cicely 94. variegated garden sage 87. silver thyme 105.Geranium robertianum. richardii subsp. 66. 60. praecox subsp.Agastache cana.S. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. lemon verbena 106.Monarda didyma. nitidus.Myrrhis odorata. 42.O.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. balm horehound 14. 45. 50.T. celandine madder 79. officinalis 'Aurea'.Rubia tinctorum. winter savory 88.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Physalis heterophylla.Euphorbia cyparissias. abrotanum.A. pot marigold 25.Viola tricolor. 55.Teucrium chamaedrys. praecox subsp. mosquito plant 19.Digitalis purpurea. officinalis 'Purpurea'.T. absinthium. fern-leaf tansy 95. rampion 81.Marrubium vulgare. French tarragon geranium 7. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Stachys grandifora 93. 62. garden sage 84.Stachys officinalis. basil blue hyssop 15. St. graveolens. lesser 67.Pelargonium crispum.P.P. majorana.T. golden lemon thyme 99.O. bee balm57.Sium sisarum.Sempervivum tectorum. crispum.

Chrysanthemum 74.Verbascum thapsus.Symphytum officinale.Oenothera biennis. Proliferum Group. 71.Allium sativum.cepa. feverfew cinerariifolium. Madonna lily leucanthemum. orange mint 32. tree onion 112. chamomile 30.Myrtus communis.Chamaemelum nobile.Chrysanthemum parthenium. oxeye daisy mullein 36.M. pineapple mint 31. suaveolens 'Variegata'.V. ostrowskianum 34. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. chicory 70. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.M.Chrysanthemum 78. citrata. 76. wild 116. spicata. spearmint 107.Origanum dictamnus. moth 113.A.Isatis tinctoria.Laurus nobilis. chervil 68.A.Veronica officinalis.Lysimachia vulgaris. evening 77.Cichorium intybus. curry plant mullein 35.Mentha suaveolens.Prunus pensylvanica.Sorbaria sorbifolia. dyer's woad 110.Yucca filamentosa. 114. cowslip 72.29. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. × gentilis. garlic 111. yucca 109. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . apple mint 69. orach115.Lilium candidum. blattaria. red mint comfrey 33. 73. veronica 108.Origanum vulgare.Helichrysum angustifolium.M. pin cherry 39.Primula veris.Dianthus plumarius 75. × piperita var.Atriplex hortensis.Anthriscus cerefolium.

The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. its outline constructed of brick. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. A statue of St. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. A wheelshaped bed. of good proportion for the size of the opening. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. Francis. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. not just hiding it. but not obvious. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. < previous page page_104 next page > .< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. Eriobotrya japonica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Vetiveria zizanioides. menthifolia. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. only those not found on other lists are noted here. poet's Solidago californica. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. potato Brassica eruca. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Cestrum nocturnum. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. AREA VI japonica. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. AREA IV Ixia maculata. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Eleocharis dulcis. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. lion's-ear prismaticum. white Justicia carnea. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. loquat Cichorium intybus.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. cat Watsonia rosea. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Sidney Ephedra viridis. labdanum Cistus crispus. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora.

but also for proper leaf size. is a center of interest. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. emphasizes the circle.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The exterior brick path. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. or potpourri. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. and a third a culinary garden. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. another a Mary garden. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. scented-leaf geraniums. an "old rose" and fragrant. < previous page page_106 next page > . to name a few. not only for hardiness where needed. One is a garden of legends.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

garden up sage 10. pyrethrum 5. 27.Allium schoenoprasum. chive bedstraw 16. blue 18. lady's.Ocimum basilicum.Ruta graveolens. pot 26. white dead 24.Mentha spicata.Salvia officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12. absinthe 4.Hedera helix.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. angelica 2. Artemisia absinthium.Origanum majorana. Hyssopus officinalis. rue 28. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. hyssop rose 9. costmary 6. Viola tricolor. sweet 21. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.20.Alchemilla vulgaris. 1.Ornithogalum umbellatum. spearmint 22. black 23.Brassica nigra. chamomile 3.Galium verum. saffron crocus marigold 7. Angelica archangelica.Crocus sativus.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. yellow 25. Linum usitatissimum. flax 17.The number in each planting area is the key number. English ivy rosemary 8.Lamium album. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . English thyme 13.19.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Narcissus mustard 14. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Calendula officinalis. Johnny-jump. Chamaemelum nobile. Anethum graveolens. dill 11.

The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. < previous page page_108 next page > . a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover.

lemon balm Mentha spicata. Artemisia absinthium. Myrrhis odorata. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. blue Lamium maculatum. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. perennial flax Galium odoratum. rue Malva alcea var. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Cotinus coggygria. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. beach Monarda didyma. Russian 'Prostratus'. fastigiata. bay Echeveria × imbricata. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. thyme Cnicus benedictus. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. sweet Myrtus communis. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. clove Marrubium vulgare. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'.

simply on a smaller scale. features a closed knot of superior design. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. The generous use of edgings.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. too. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. and huge. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. Appropriately used as accents. Viewed from the terrace garden. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. millstones. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. < previous page page_110 next page > . This is a general rule observed.

Dianthus gratianopolitanus. A. six feet in diameter. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Santolina virens. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. angustifolia 'Munstead'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue hyssop 3.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 7. dwarf box .S. Landscape Architect. lavender 5. germander 2. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. 'Tiny Rubies'. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Teucrium chamaedrys. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Routine clipping is required.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. that of good proportion.L. Design plan of herb garden 1.A. and the mulch. green santolina 6. of greater size than is commonly found. cheddar pink 4.

Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. honey locust Cornus florida. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. shadbush Salix caprea. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. beach plum Corylus avellana. dogwood Pinus nigra. japonica. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. quince Magnolia virginiana. goat willow Sassafras albidum. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. black haw Prunus americana. box Calycanthus fioridus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. plum Prunus maritima. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. box Myrica pensylvanica.

As a rule. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. 'Doone Valley' . praecox subsp. Rosmarinus. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. arcticus 'Rosea' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. caraway thyme T. 'Annie Hall' T. herba-barona. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. silver thyme T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. 'Argenteus'. However. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. its plant material varied. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. Lavandula. leucotrichus T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. doerfleri T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. Currently. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Salvia. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. praecox subsp. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. arcticus T. and a miscellany of others.

angustifolia. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crimson creeping thyme T. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. anise sage S. guaranitica. praecox subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia subsp. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. sweet lavender L. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. golden variegated sage S. Mexican bush sage S. autumn sage S. woolly thyme T. arcticus 'Coccineus'. golden thyme T. 'Clear Gold'.T. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. pine-scented rosemary R. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. heterophylla. officinalis 'Prostratus'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. purple variegated garden sage S. English lavender L. involucrata. angustissimus. golden rosemary R. ramie . angustifolia subsp. dentata. greggii. officinalis 'Aurea'. praecox subsp. leucantha. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia subsp. blue sage S. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. The apple trees. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. horsetail. Sium sisarum. family needsmedicinal. L. Cheloneglabra. Primarily. Circumstances determined these priorities. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The house. balmony. to lure bees. Physostegia virginiana. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. which were located between the water supply. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. for scrubbing pots. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Hesperis matronalis. obedient plant. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. culinary. constructed of brick made on the property. rupturewort. used in salads or boiled. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Herniaria glabra.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. a well beside the house. Equisetum arvense. Smith. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. to sweeten the air. Prunella vulgaris.

< previous page page_116 next page > . and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. while functional. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. for a few are in use now. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Today. too. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. too.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Cape jasmine 10.Allium sativum. 15. yellow 12. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Punica granatum.Sambucus canadensis.Rosa banksiae. Banksia rose 14.Lonicera sempervirens. Gardenia jasminoides. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Syringa × persica var.Prunus angustifolia.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. garlic 9.Pinus taeda. bay 7. rosemary 2.Laurus nobilis. southern laciniata. 16.Ficus carica. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. fig 6.Rosmarinus officinalis. trumpet 11.Wisteria frutescens.Lagerstroemia indica. 1.Malus angustifolia.Lonicera flava. pomegranate 3. wisteria 13. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.

Appropriately. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The effect would be quite different without them. too. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. < previous page page_118 next page > . Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Italy. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Lindera benzoin.Nepeta cataria.Rosa laevigata. agrimony 58. balm autumn crocus 2.Buxus sempervirens. fuller's teasel 67.Marrubium vulgare. St. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. box chamomile 9. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Verbascum thapsus.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage 59. great 47. 50. horsemint lobelia 23. dill 39.Mentha × piperita.Melissa officinalis.Monarda punctata. lovage 35.Acorus calamus.Hyssopus officinalis. wild ginger69.Ruta graveolens.Chamaemelum nobile. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. lemon 26. 60. saffron crocus 25. yarrow lungwort 22.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Foeniculum vulgare.Cornus florida. 43. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum.Lonicera sempervirens. senna woodruff 15.Punica granatum. sweet shrub 10.Populus balsamifera.Colchicum autumnale. sweet 64.Vinca minor.Borago officinalis.Pinckneya pubens. bay lavender wintergreen 21. basil chive 3.Mentha spicata.Laurus nobilis.Lobelia siphilitica. rue 56.Calendula officinalis.Galium odoratum.Dianthus caryophyllus. blue 46.Teucrium chamaedrys.Digitalis purpurea.Cassia marilandica. 54.Salvia officinalis. sweet flag marigold 24. spearmint 62.Cimicifuga racemosa.Hypericum perforatum. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. yellow-root 7. sativa. 38. 30. American holly 16.Symphytum officinale. butterfly 32. fennel 40.Xanthoriza simplicissima. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Pulmonaria officinalis. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Mentha pulegium. 55. 66. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Gaultheria procumbens.Crocus sativus.Artemisia dracunculus var.Anethum graveolens. peony 51. peppermint 52.Rubus allegheniensis. tansy 65. dogwood horehound 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. 37. trumpet honeysuckle 4. hyssop sassafras 20. 33.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Chimaphila umbellata. 45. myrtle 53.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Monarda didyma.Elizabeth Lawrence. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Dipsacus sativus. 68. borage 31. foxglove 41.Calycanthus fioridus.Achillea millefolium. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. sweet 27.Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm 28.Lilium candidum.Ilex vomitoria.Ilex opaca. mullein 49. pot 48.Armoracia rusticana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. catnip 34.Agrimonia eupatoria.Asarum virginicum.Tanacetum vulgare. 70.57.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Hamamelis virginiana. 42. 1. clove 36.Sassafras albidum. 63.Paeonia officinalis.Asclepias tuberosa. blue 44. black 29. 61.

In any event. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. and fragrances they developed. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. < previous page page_120 next page > . thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. preventives.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. 1 T. of herbs for one loaf of bread. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. This is true for the remedies.

sweet marjoram 6. horehound 15. black haw 23. opium poppy 5. pot marigold 2.Viburnum prunifolium. tansy 11.Mentha × piperita.Tanacetum vulgare.Nepeta cataria. English 10. quince 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. apothecary's rose 22.Artemisia absinthium. 14.Papaver somniferum. 1.Lavandula angustifolia. foxglove 12.Satureja montana.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Carum carvi.Levisticum officinale.Origanum majorana.Mentha spicata. peppermint 18.Pyrus communis. winter savory 4. Calendula officinalis. spearmint 17. horsemint 20.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme rosemary 7. sweet basil 13.Salvia officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. lavender lovage 3. garden sage 8. caraway 19. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . catnip 16.Marrubium vulgare.Digitalis purpurea. absinthe 9. blue hyssop 21.Cydonia oblonga.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda punctata.

The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. makes it something of a focal point. and if the best has not always survived. for example the large square bed with circular path. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. Allowed such freedom of expression. and bricks raise the beds. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. < previous page page_122 next page > . Thus it was for this garden. centrally located. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. often it is reconstructed. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. the other 1761. from early Moravian settlements.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. The beds are used to achieve balance. The main paths of brick unify the garden. one dated 1759. to study it. Some could be used singly. Shaded by hop vines. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed.

. Landscape Architect. A.S. Campbell.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A.L.

lovage 9.Lagerstroemia indica. garden nasturtium 12. catnip 70. clary 30.Magnolia grandiflora.Rosa damascena.Saponaria officinalis. borage 5. basil moss rose 44.Narcissus poeticus. sorrel 65.Clematis virginiana. rue 14. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Tanacetum vulgare.Silybum marianum.Consolida ambigua.Papaver rhoeas. redbud 24. stock 50.Melissa officinalis. damask coriander rose 19.Althaea officinalis. columbine 29.Bellis perennis. rosemary49. 81.Rubia tinctorum. blessed thistle 8. caraway 72.Stachys officinalis. English 78. cabbage angustifolia.Salvia sclarea. corn poppy 79. betony 82. hyssop maypop 42. English thyme 2. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Humulus lupulus. rhubarb 10. 62.Coriandrum sativum.Vitis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Madonna lily 59.Petroselinum crispum. clove 53.Matthiola incana.Passiflora incarnata.Artemisia abrotanum. spearmint 57.Rosa moschata.Gelsemium sempervirens. Carolina jessamine 38.Artemisia vulgaris.Crocus sativus.Rosmarinus officinalis.Amaranthus caudatus.Celosia cristata. sweet 55. chestnut rose 43.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Nigella sativa. feverfew southern magnolia 27. daisy crape myrtle 23. garden sage 15. asparagus 31. marsh mallow 7.Atriplex hortensis. balm chive 37. lavender rose 21.Allium sativum. poet's narcissus 61. elecampane 11. 1. blue 63.Chamaemelum nobile. French rose 18.Rosa centifolia.Aquilegia vulgaris. absinthe 45. autumn crocus 34. 48.Mentha × piperita. virgin's bower 40. mugwort67. dill 73.Rheum rhabarbarum.Colchicum autumnale.Ruta graveolens.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Symphytum officinale.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia absinthium. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Allium schoenoprasum. 52.Inula helenium. love. blue 69.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Tropaeolum minus.Hyssopus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Armoracia rusticana.Mentha spicata.Rosa roxburghii.Cercis canadensis.Ocimum basilicum.Narcissus tazetta. hop southernwood 39. 80.Marrubium vulgare.Tropaeolum majus.Hydrangea quercifolia.Achillea millefolium.Cornusflorida.Salvia officinalis. grape larkspur 41. yarrow 4.Pulmonaria officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. tansy 6. fennel marjoram 28.Salvia viridis.Levisticum officinale.77. 54.Asparagus officinalis.Rosa gallica. hollyhock 51.Lilium candidum. polyanthus narcissus 60. eglantine Group. 74. red pepper 20.Alcea rosea.Ficus.Borago officinalis.Nepeta cataria.Dianthus caryophyllus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 66.Origanum majorana.Cnicus benedictus.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. saffron peppermint crocus 35. orach 76. lemon 64.Rumex acetosa. annual clary 3. comfrey 33. cockscomb 47. dwarf nasturtium 13. 68. madder 16. sweet 71. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . black cumin 46. holy thistle 58. horehound 56. parsley 32. chamomile 17.Rosa eglanteria. garlic lungwort 36.Carum carvi.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. and the north point is established. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Thus. the western. even boggy. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Calluna (heather). but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The next most desirable exposure. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Although some observations may seem obvious. A ravine and existing. far from the house.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. This space was never adequate. The lesser the scale. it is proper to make a trial run. First. Usually this is least desirable.

The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. < previous page page_126 next page > . The new herb garden has been located. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room.ground where drainage is better. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The outline is fixed. another is close to the rear of the house. all four sides are so determined. as the drawing on p. certainly not precisely the same. and the property line on the last. Indeed. 127 indicates. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. It was a pleasurable assignment. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. and the search did not take long. The general outline is similar. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Culinary herbs will fill a large. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Then. but it need not be identical. single bed. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. a driveway on still another.

use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. this low wall will enclose the garden area. There was no . forming the outer boundary of the service path. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. In addition. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. In fact. as in this case. something is amiss. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If all is well. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. With the plan established.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. Two drawings were required to work out problems. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. If. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. then north.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. however. However. and the finished edging would be effective. the eight-foot length was more practical. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. eight. At corners. Before edgings could be put in place. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. a lapped joint was fashioned. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. A structural edging was in order. In this area. However. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. this was. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. . not one completed in a weekend. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. In the earlier stage of planning.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. In this case. the site required some leveling. admittedly. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

The pattern is running bond. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Unfortunately. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. sand. This method of treatment now guarantees . this same base underlies all the paths. for they will likely have more traffic. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. could serve this purpose. One is the ramp to the driveway. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Weeds. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Aged compost. Heavy black plastic. Paving for the terraced area is brick. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. leaves. filling the beds with soil was next. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. had been proof of that. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. selected for its simplicity. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. A choice of five colors was available. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. but there are exits to different levels.

Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. worth the added cost. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. However. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. on a trial run of one course of brick. even bed for the pavers. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.

the terraced area. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. With the completion of the paths. Sometimes called "rubble drains." their construction can be somewhat varied. French drains. and the steps to other levels. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. . since that path borders the house. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. In this instance. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. converging where it was logical to do so. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. for it would interfere with the drainage system. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. learned about decades earlier. Herbs have flourished in the beds.

< previous page page_130 next page > .

ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. casts the shadow for the hour. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. is symmetrical. for example. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. twelfths of an inch. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. sixteenths of an inch. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. and so on. having a variety of gradations. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. in inches. a garden plan. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . often a wall or trellis. albula. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. hundredths of an inch. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. for example. Its arrow points north and. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. and so on. E EllipseAn oval. in tenths of an inch.

its compartments filled with flowers.3). Usually a few inches thick. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. Pea gravelSmall. ForthrightA straight course or path. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. heated especially by fermenting manure. roofed structure usually open on the sides. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Preferred by those who strive for neatness. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. rounded fragments of rock. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. M ManufactoryA factory. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. loose. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. a patterned garden.brick) in the same course. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. a flat. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. or colored earths. G GazeboA freestanding.3. also called rubble drain. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. GrindstoneMillstone. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. turf.

rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.

SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. R Rose. not treelike or with a single trunk. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. ranking between species and variety. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. TreillageLatticework for vines. walls. V VarietyA category below species. often planted with aromatic herbs. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. < previous page page_132 next page > . SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. called also a hose cock. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. snug fit for walks. W Wall. Turf seatBanked-up earth. cutting. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. or steps. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. Stone.

Sylvia. Charlotte. Peter. Herbs and the Earth. L. Foster. Putnam's Sons. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Helen H. Bardswell. 1973. New York: Simon and Schuster. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. British Plants. The Cultivated Basils. New York: Hawthorne Books. S. Brookes. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 1961. Complements. John Philip. 1902. Seal. .. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Toronto. 1933. Clarkson. The Garden (An Illustrated History).< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. New York: Macmillan. The Small Garden. 1971. 1938. 1977. Agnes. 1976. Park Seed Co. Roses. 1980. Foster. Darrah. Henry. T. Frances A. Helen Morgenthau. Garden Design. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. . 1970. 14701670. Behme. London: Country Life. New York: Macmillan. Jot. Rosemary F. Mo. Greenwood. Cross. Doran & Co. 1980. Brownlow. Flannery. Earle. H.. London. Erichsen-Brown. Alice Morse. Batsford.. Staff of. H. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1972. 1971. Hanging Plants for Home.. 1911. Baumgardt. L. New York: Viking Press. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1979. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1935. . London: Saturn Press.: Geo. ed. Gertrude B. New York: Viking Press. W. 1957. John E. Edlin. New York. Sevenoaks. 1951. Liberty Hyde. Book of the Geranium. Garden City: Doubleday. 1982. New York: E. Dutton & Co. New York: Macmillan. 1942. Berrall. 1951. London: Macmillan. Sydney: B. Beston. Crowe. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1966. Coats. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. New York: Macmillan. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. and Louden. Daniel J. Green Enchantment. P. Bailey. Independence. New York: Crown Publishers. Kent: The Herb Farm.C. 1963. New York: G. 1958. Room Outside. The Herb Garden. Hortus Third. How Plants Get Their Names. 1966. Robert Lee. Harriet Ballard. John. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Herbsfor Every Garden. 1944. Aurora..: Buckeye Printing Co. Gertrude B. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. 1962. and Accessories. Herbals. Fox. Julia S. Terrace. London: Marshall Cavendish. Prof. 1972. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rosetta E. Bailey Hortorium. and Garden. Margaret E. P. Carpenter. New York: Dover. Park's Success with Herbs. Foley. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press.

Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Hamel. 1979. Loyal R. and Back. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. New York: Van Nostrand. Jr. Helen K. Tucson: H. Dutton & Co. Sylva. Alice Recknagel. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: De La Mare. Shaker Herbs. 1981. Boston.. Edited by Clarence Elliott. 1978. Lawrence. Sarah. Myron. Rosengarten. Dorothy Bovee... 1938. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Amy Bess. The Book of Spices. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Simmons. Lerner. 1972. 1970. (1st American edition trans. 1969. New York: Macmillan. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Italy. Kiaer.. Neri. Claire. Alma. Miller. Cherokee Plants. New York: Macmillan. Johns. 1976.. New York: Crown Publishers. Herbs. C. Flowers of the Field. Gardens in Winter. Rev. Waltham. Philippa. New York: Macmillan. New York: Clarkson N.. 1959. P. 1946. How to Select.: Herald Publishing Co. New York: Dover. 1911. New York: Viking Press. Geraniums for Home and Garden. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Brown & Co. Pa. Moldenke.C. London: George Routledge & Sons. Jones. Franco. ed. and Brunello. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Frederic. Johnson. Paul B. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. M. Boston. Roy. Grow and Enjoy. Loewenfeld. Mass. Co. and Chiltoskey. Leighton. Robert. 1951. Hendrickson. 1971. Eigel. N. Landscaping with Vines.. Mrs. 1975. Ireys. Toronto: Little. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Carol. Loewenfeld. The Berry Book.. Wynnewood. and Alma L. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1961. 1973. Lawrence. and Rice. Norma Jean. Hay. A. Lesch. 1982. 1975. . Early American Gardens. 1983. How to Landscape Your Grounds.. Modern Herbal. Eleanour Sinclair. Pozza. A Biblical Garden.Garland. 1976. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Patrick M. New York: William Morrow & Co. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: Dover. Books. Roses of the World in Color.. and Synge. Elizabeth.) Rohde. 1970. 1974. Bernard Hickey. 1971. Harold N.: Chronica Botanica Co.. Lathrop. < previous page page_133 next page > . The Art of Dyeing. A Garden of Herbs. J. George H. Grieve.. Muenscher. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Krauss. Plants of the Bible. New York: Doubleday. New York: Harper & Bros. Potter. McFarland. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. P. Howard. Adelma G. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. New York: E. London: Faber and Faber. Claire. M. Walter. 2d ed. 1974. 1966.: Livingston Pub. 1964. Frances. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. The Herb Garden. Horace. chemist. The Concise Handbook of Roses. 1981. 1969. Ann. Division Billboard Publications. 1952. Vicenza. Mary U.

Benjamin McF. Robert K. Winthrop G. The History of Gardens.A. Vt. Baker. London: Phoenix House. F. Susan W. New York: Hafner. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Frank M. 1976.A. Rhoda Specht. Plimpton.. Mrs. Martin's. New York. Z. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Philip Batchelder. Mrs. A. Norman. L. Thomas.A. Mrs. Jo Lohmolder. James D. Esther. 1962. Herbs in the Garden. Bleecker. New York: St. Elizabeth Lawrence.A. 1972.. New York: Simon & Schuster. L. Mrs. Martin. London: Phoenix House. George. Jr. . James C... Giroux.. ed. Vera Breed. Mrs. Christopher. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Wilson. Botanical Latin. Boerner. Robert G. ed. 1972.S. Mrs. Katherine S. Mrs. L. William T. and Robert B. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook.D.A. Toronto: Van Nostrand.. L. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Hammond Crawford.. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. L. Jack Emil Geist.A. Berkeley Brandt. New York: McGraw-Hill.. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Mrs. Sherry D. New York: St. Alfred L. Michael. 1953. and Mrs. Mrs. 1976. Morss. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1979. Mrs. Graham Stuart.A. Amy Bess Miller. Linda. . 1931. 1979.A. Mrs. John Poinier. Hale & Co. Charlotte. Maxton Davies. Landscape Architecture. Cozart. Louise Beebe..L. 1966.. Martha Dahlen. McGarry.. T.A. Mrs. Gannaway. Revised by Dr. L.. Climbing Roses Old and New. and Bell. Mrs. Leonard Dreyfuss. A.A..< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Ingersoll. Herbert G. William Radler.R. Austin R. New York: William Morrow & Co. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Elisabeth W. Marshall. Mrs. Nelva M. Mrs. Mrs. Helen Noyes. 1979. Shrub Roses of Today. Charles Patch. George T. Boston: Ralph T.A. Container Gardening Outdoors.The Old Shrub Roses.. Griffin. L. Zohary. Donald Paxton.S. Mrs. Plants of the Bible.A. Campbell. W T. Mrs. Meyer. Mrs. Margaret Osborn Holt. John. H. Bates.A.. The Fragrant Garden. Taylor.L. 1974. 1942. Peter M. 1961. Smith.: Garden Way. Associate. 1967. Indianapolis. The Shakespeare Garden. A. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Bynam. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Price. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. 1975. The Fragrant Year.. L.. Mrs. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. . L. Taloumis. Melissa R. Hines. Building Stone Walls. Henry Gund. Paxton. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Bradner.. William Y Dear.L. Thacker. Stearn. New York: Dover. 1965.S. Singleton.. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Moffit.A. Mrs. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Webster. A. 1982. Neil Hamill Park. Stuart. New York: Doubleday. Jr. Keebler.A. New York: Farrar. Stearn. William W.. Graham. . 1953. Leonie. White. L. William C. L. Pees. Fragrance in the Garden. Straus. L. Tarantino. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Mr. L. Martin's Press. William T. Raymond V. New ed. Madalene Hill. Marion E. 1957. W.. Malcolm. Charles L.A.. Sandy Hicks. Virginia B. Mrs. John Ormsbee. 1972. Mrs.A. A. Diane C.. Wilder. Weber. C. Barbara Capen. Bush. Lamm. Helen Van Pelt.A. Vivian. Rev. New York. Yang. L. Jr. Mrs.

The following provided historical. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Christopher Spencer. University of Michigan. Kathleen Byroads Sowers.. Mrs. Little Rock. Nathan Sameth. Eloise andJo Ray. Ohio. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. L. Pawtucket. and Mrs. Matthew Miksch House. Mrs. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Wisc. Mrs. Gayle. Joe H. Winston-Salem. Faith H... Hales Corners. Kingwood Center.. L.C. Helen M. Ark. Bailey. Mrs. John A. Cleveland. N. James F... L. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mansfield. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Michigan State University. Mrs. Elbert Smith. Christopher Rady. Plain Dealer Photo. L. Architect. Inc. Mich.A. Linda Yang. Mrs. Whitman. Harper. < previous page page_134 next page > . Atlanta Historical Society. Ohio. Wilcox. R. Greenland.H.. Milton C. Smith (Ann Leighton). Milton Stricker. G. Ann Arbor. Swanson.A. James S. Ga. Walter Rebmann. Semple. Edmund G. L. Skinner.Rady. Frederick E. N. Derthick. Hancock Shaker Village. Tullie Smith House Restoration..C.. Old Salem. Joan E. Mich. Mrs. Rose. Old Slater Mill Museum. Linda Yang..A. Jean Ruh. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Lansing. civic. Eric Duke Scott. Mass. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Western Reserve Herb Society.A.. Timothy Procter Ruh. The Country Doctor Museum. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Isadore L.I. Talbot III. Lawrence Schetky. Weeks Brick House... N. Mrs. Hancock. Mr. Atlanta. Shaker Community. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Inc.. Mrs.. Booker Worthen. Roberts.

Y smalliana Agrimonia. maritima L. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . azoricum. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. A. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. C. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Myrrhis odorata. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Narcissus triandrus. A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. A. officinalis. E. barbadensis A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice.

Apple crab gold love mad Malus. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. M. officinalis Populus. P. albula A. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. P. Solanum aculeatissimum S. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. podagraria Asparagus A. G. lycopersicum. V. acerifolium. melongena var. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. Monarda didyma Crataegus. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. officinalis. V. laevis Rhododendron . F. Lamium album Viburnum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. ludoviciana var. false Galium aristatum. grandiflorus Melissa M. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. S.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. angustifolia. B. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. coronaria . deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. M. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Mertensia virginica. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. oleracea. P. alpina 'Alba' A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. chrysantha Symphytum S. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. vulgaris A. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A.

V. M. B. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. M. coronaria. V. alpinum R. N. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea .wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. B. C. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. angustifolia. Italian D Daffodil M. macrocarpon. maculatum G. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. pseudonarcissus miniature N. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. ioensis Vaccinium. sativum R. verna. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. alpinum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea.

D.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Ferocactus latispinus. A. rivieri. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. obtusifolius Rumex R. lilioasphodelus H. obtusifolius R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Chrysanthemum frutescens. R. Sansevieria. lilioasphodelus. A. R. crispus. C. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. triphyllum . H. acetosa. Hosta H. T officinale Bellis. frutescens C. x superbum Hemerocallis. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R.

Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. ragusina. arvensis. damascena. N. N.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. C. Antennaria. Gnaphalium. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. pungens Sambucus S. azoricum Nigella. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Senecio cineraria. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. C. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . gymnocarpa. Lychnis coronaria. S. Centaurea cineraria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. Helichrysum.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. usitatissimum L. I. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. Osmunda. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. carica Corylus C. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. perenne . P. L. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. O. carica F. versicolor. regalis Adiantum. I. A. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum.× germanica I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir.

lanata D. sylvatica Digitalis D. neapolitanum A. quercifolium P. scorodoprasum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sativum var. I. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. Fumaria C. × hortorum P. grossularioides P radens P. lutea Allium sativum A. × germanica Myosotis M. × limoneum P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. Pelargonium. P. purpurea D.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. odoratissimum P. sphaerocephalum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. tuberosum A.

denticulatum P. glutinosum. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. officinale Z.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. P. tomentosum P. canadense. capitatum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. × jatrophifolium P. T. Z. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. Tragopogon. quercifolium P. tomentosum P. canadense T. A. T. chamaedrys T. graveolens P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. abrotanifolium P. × citrosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. pratensis . 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. A. crispum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. × nervosum P.

nervosa V. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. trifolia Cordyline terminalis.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. V. Vitis monticola. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. Oxalis deppei. C. torquata E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. M.

H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

triacanthos G.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. W. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Pulmonaria . Ophiopogon L. C. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sempervivum Lobelia L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Lythrum. majalis Liriope. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. G.

M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. patula Calendula officinalis T. Malva. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. M Mace. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. tenuifolia T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. pedatum Hibiscus. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. lucida . grandiflora M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. alcea var. M. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. C. erecta T. erecta T. erecta T. A.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

odorata Achillea millefolium. requienii M. Spiraea alba. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. Astrantia. citrata M. × piperita var. S. dictamnus O. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. vulgare O. onites O. suaveolens M. crispii M. majorana O. aquatica var. majorana O. citrata M. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata. citrata M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. R. A. × piperita var. piperita var. major. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. vulgare O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda.

olympicum. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. A. alba Verbascum. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. communis. rubra M. V. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Umbellularia californica. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M. × gentilis M. Myrrhis odorata. Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Azolla caroliniana. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Myrtus. vulgaris A. thapsus V. V. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia.

opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album L. P. poeticus N. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. V. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. minus T. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. majus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T. nudum. L.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. V.

cepa. cepa A. I. Proliferum Group A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . S. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. fragrans O. telephium Iris × germanica var. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. A. fistulosum Atriplex. Castilleja californica. A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. O. fragrans Allium. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. cepa. Scilla verna. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. florentina.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. vulgare var. C. hortensis A. fistulosum A.

sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. patens. A. P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum var. crispum P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. A. pulsatilla Passiflora P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia.

annuum. C. Marsilea Perilla. Longum Group sweet Capsicum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Piper C. Longum Group Capsicum. Chenopodium. Conoides Group red Capsicum. annuum. annuum. C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. paniculata P. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. annuum. retroflexus. annuum. A. C. annuum. roseus C. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. C. Grossum Group C. Longum Group C. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. C. annuum. album Ranunculus ficaria . frutescens C.

Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. umbellata var. M. × paradisiaca. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. P. plumarius D. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. C. plumarius. umbellata var. angustifolia var. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. alpinus D. caryophyllus D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. taeda Chimaphila. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. P salicina P angustifolia. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Silene laciniata. watsonii P maritima P. taeda P. gratianopolitanus D. officinalis Dianthus D. americana . Prunus japonica. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Plantago P. C.

wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . L. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. biennis P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. balsamifera P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. rhoeas P. 0. carnea Phytolacca americana P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. vulgare Lithospermum. E. S. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus.

R. C. canadensis C. coccineum C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Diplotaxis. Hesperis . P. rhabarbarum R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. A. pepo Portulaca. pepo C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. sativum var.

brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rubus coronarius R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. sativa Rosa R. × borboniana Kerria. laevigata R. spinosissima R. canina. damascena 'Bifera' R. R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. × borboniana R. gallica R. chinensis 'Minima' R. gallica 'Officinalis' R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. centifolia R. moschata . sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rosa chinensis R. damascena R. banksiae R. × harisonii R. canina R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana R.

clevelandii S. officinalis S. × rehderana R. rugosa R. sclarea S.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. microphylla S. guaranitica S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Salvia hierosolymitana . greggii S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. azurea subsp. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. officinalis Limonium R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. Rosmarinus. caerula. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. pitcheri S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. angustissimus R. setigera R. R. S.

S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. chamaecyparissus S. chamaecyparissus S. T. halimus Crithmum maritimum. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. guaranitica S. virens. maritimum E. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. montana Scabiosa S. viridis S. S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. P. C. neapolitana S. hebecarpa. elegans S. marilandica Amelanchier . S. Salicornia. leucophylla S. A. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. leucantha S.

A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

coggygria Cotinus. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria C. C. C. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. G. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. biflorum . P. americana. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. coggygria. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. V. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. nivalis Lamium album. P. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago.

pyrenaicum. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. Ornithogalum arabicum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. R. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. O. V. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. L. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . S. O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. acetosa. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. officinalis thyme-leaved V. H. patulum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. H.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. japonica Sorbaria. E.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. crassipes O. scutatus R.

pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. chiloensis F. perennis. crispum T. vulgare var. floridus Philadelphus . incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. incana M. O. C. O. incana M. vulgare var. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca F. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. M. dracunculus var. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. T vulgare T.

doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. phaenopyrum C. 'Broad-leaf English' T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . A. benedictus. 'Clear Gold' T. praecox subsp. maritima Thymus. C. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. sylvestris D. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. arcticus T. T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. 'Argenteus' T. marianum S. laevigata Eupatorium. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum S. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. pallasianus T. × citriodorus T. E. Silybum marianum S. praecox T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. sativus Cirsium Cnicus.

arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. cerasiforme. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. pruinosa. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. peruviana P. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. lycopersicum var. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. alata Lycopersicon. sanctum O. P. noli-tangere. L. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. lycopersicum L. Physalis peruviana L. radicans Bignonia capreolata. lycopersicum var. C. praecox subsp. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. P. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. sanctum Tulipa T. Coreopsis Linaria. I.

longifolia Chamaelaucium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. officinalis Polemonium. caeruleum Clematis. odorata V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. cornuta V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. C. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. P. V riviniana Viola odorata V. caprea . C.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. Chimaphila. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. odorata V. canina. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta 'Alba' V.

W. annua A. gmelinii A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. I. frigida A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. camphorata A. caprea. Stachys . wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Vanilla barbellata A. V. ambrosioides Artemisia. absinthium A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Corydalis sempervirens A. Gaultheria procumbens. nudum Isatis I. verticillata Chimaphila. S. pontica.

I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. vomitoria I.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. ageratum A. × media 'Hicksii' T. millefolium A. simplicissima Cladrastis. filipendulina A. taygetea A. C. X. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . lutea.

breviflora A.. theophrasti Acacia A. fourcroydes sweet flag. h. lion's tail anise hyssop. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. taygetea A. blue giant hyssop. thousand-seal. yarrow sneezeweed. fragrant g. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. five-finger f. h. sanguinary. foeniculum Agave A. Indian mallow. calamus Adiantum A. fennel g. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow .. monkshood helmut flower. ageratum A. calamus maidenhair fern. butter-print. alpinus Aconitum A. napellus Acorus A. longifolia Achillea A. Indian mallow China jute. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. nose-bleed. monkshood flowering maple.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. parlor m. cana A.. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. maidenhair American maidenhair. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. millefolium A. pedatum Agastache A. maidenhair fern. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.

. alpina A.. neapolitanum A. giganteum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. serpent garlic chive. Spanish o. cocklebur. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. moly A. Japanese bunching o. eupatoria Agrostemma A.. cive. lily leek daffodil garlic. sativum var. garlic rocambole. christophii A. sisalana Agrimonia A. Pulchellum A. rosea Alchemilla A. ciboule. scorodoprasum A. Rosenbachianum A.. sativum A. karataviense A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. ostrowskianum A. fistulosum A. reptans Alcea A. two-bladed o. ophioscorodon A. senescens var. sisal hemp. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. flavum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . vulgaris Allium A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. purple c. hemp plant agrimony. tree o.A. githago Ajuga A. schoenoprasum A. flowering o.

graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. Barbados a. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. sphaerocephalum A. marschalliana A. pulsatilla Anethum A. white m. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. bugloss alkanet. officinalis Amaranthus A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. blanda A.. juneberry. caudatus Amelanchier A. bugloss windflower. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. Oriental garlic . cerefolium chervil angelica. canadensis Amsonia A. officinarum Anchusa A. Curasao a. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. shadbush. japonica A. tuberosum Aloe A. garlic c. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. officinalis Anemone A. shad. hupehensis var. medicinal a. triphylla Althaea A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. tinctoria Anthriscus A.. archangel. barbadensis Aloysia A.glaucum A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry..

European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens var.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. alpina 'Alba' A.

europaeum A. pontica A. virginicum bearberry. mountain box. gmelinii A. old man southernwood absinthe. pink or white horseradish. wormwood southernwood. rusticana Artemisia A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. frigida A. mealberry. arborescens A. camphorata A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. creashak green-dragon. lactiflora A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. triphyllum subsp. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. dracunculus var. red cole sagebrush. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. kinnikinick. mugwort. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. sandberry. bear's grape. Ludoviciana var. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. stewardsonii Armeria A. canadense A. albula A. dracontium A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. annua A. sativa A. hog cranberry. triphyllum A. sea pink thrift. asarabacca wild ginger. maritima Armoracia A.

. tinctoria Barbarea B. mustard . jaundice berry. officinalis Astrantia A. wild indigo blue false indigo. major Atriplex A. vulgaris Beta milkweed. piprage beet swiss chard. plains f. ruby s. c.. B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. papyrifera Boehmeria B. silkweed. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie.Asclepias A. garden o. rattleweed winter cress. s. vulgaris Bellis B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. talewort. upland cress winter cress. hortensis B Baptista B. australis B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. c. halimus A. i. s. Chinese silk plant. wild blue i. butterfly flower butterfly weed. mountain spinach false indigo. saltbush orach. China grass borage borage. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. wild indigo. tuberosa Asparagus A. rocket. perennis Berberis B. vulgaris. ruby s. tuberroot. nivea Borago B. yellow r. c. pleurisy root. orach sea orach. c. cool-tankard cole.

sempervirens B. microphylla var. pineapple s. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. grandiflora Calendula C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . white-flowered k. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. officinalis Calycanthus C. eruca B. strawberry s. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Nana' B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. carpatica C.. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B..B. koreana B.

bell p. p. p. p. chili p. o. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. persicifolia C. sweet pepper.. o.. p. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. o. p. o. red p. p. p. s. green p. C. rapunculus Campsis C. trumpet flower. pimento sweet pepper s. s. p... green p. p. p. s. p.C. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. trumpet vine. cow-itch. o. o. o. p. < previous page page_147 next page > .

majus Chelone cayenne p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. cristata Cercis C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. red p. snakehead . old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. senna. chili p. illinoinensis C. tinctorius Carum C. shellbark h.. marilandica Catharanthus C. Madagascar periwinkle. Russian c. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.. bastard s. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. nobile Chelidonium C. frutescens Carthamus C. capsicum p. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory... canariensis Cedrus C. false saffron. Tabasco p. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. ovata Cassia C. deodara Celosia C.. garden c. carvi Carya C. celandine celandine turtlehead.. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Tabasco-sauce p.

ladanifer Citrus C. bonus-henricus C. intybus Cimicifuga C.. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy.. fat hen ambrosia. racemosa Cistus C. leucanthemum C. leather flower. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. botrys Chimaphila C. glabra Chenopodium C. Spanish t. leather flower. Robert Brydon' C. wormseed. × superbum Cichorium C. pyrethum. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. dwarf 1. alecost pyrethrum. virginiana balmony goosefoot. crispus C.. ambrosioides C. rattletop black cohosh. American w. pigweed Mexican tea. virgin's bower. frutescens C. umbellata Chionanthus C. parthenium C. cinerariifolium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. wax flower. feather geranium. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. devil's-darning- . coccineum C. Meyer 1. balsamita C. Chinese dwarf 1.C. old-man's-beard costmary. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. Dalmatia p. virgilia virgin's bower. red-leaved chicory bugbane. mint geranium.. lutea Clematis C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. wintergreen. × jouiniana 'Mrs. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. barbe-de-capuchin.

smokebush smoke tree. florida Corylus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. Venetian sumac. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. apiculatus Crataegus C. laevigata C. avellana Cotinus C. quick-set. thorn apple. ambigua C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. Chinese parsley dogwood. sativum Cornus C. autumnale Comptonia C. orientalis Convallaria C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn.. smoke plant. majalis Convolvulus C. thorn. trifolia Coreopsis C. arkansana C.needle Cnicus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . peregrina Consolida C. cneorum Coptis C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. benedictus Coix C. red haw hawthorn English h. smokebush. coggygria Cotoneaster C.

sieberi C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. sativus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C.C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. angustifolius C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. citratus Cytisus C. gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus 'Albus' C. speciosus C. sempervirens Cydonia C. West Indian 1. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. maritimum Crocus C. scoparius C. kotschyanus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.. × allwoodii D.

< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. sativus D. lanata D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. burning bush. × imbricata Echium clove pink. carnation. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. pardalianches E Echeveria E. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. grandiflora D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. gas plant. sylvestris Doronicum D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . spectabilis Dictamnus D.

viridis Epimedium E.E.. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. pungens Eleocharis E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. plum eryngo sea holly. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. californica Eucalyptus E. gum tree. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. arvense E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. Australian gum. hyemale Eranthis E. sea eryngo California poppy C. torquata Euonymus E. Japanese medlar. dulcis Endymion E. perfoliatum E. b. jacinth. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . J. poppy eucalypt. sea holm. epimedium barrenwort. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. japonica Eryngium E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. blueweed. ironbark. S. rugosum v. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail.

s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare subsp. a. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.s. major Fragaria F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . imperialis Fumaria F. ulmaria F. assafoetida Ficus F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. sow-teat s. cyparissias F Ferula F. alpine s. vulgaris Foeniculum F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. chiloensis F. vulgare var. a.Euphorbia E. a.s. vulgare F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vulgare F. finocchio.

hederacea Gleditsia G. spotted c. dyer's greenweed. Carolina jasmine G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. ground ivy. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. virginiana Hedeoma H. woodwaxen. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. Carolina jessamine Genista G. triacanthos Gossypium G. field balm.. cleavers white bedstraw. honey locust.F. alumroot herb Robert. mountain tea. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. nivalis Galium G. Carolina yellow j. false baby's-breath woodruff.. robertianum Glechoma G.. odoratum G. mollugo G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H.. maculatum G. tinctoria Geranium G. Capejasmine wintergreen. jasminoides Gaultheria G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. our-lady's-b. mock p. sweet w. checkerberry. germanica G.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. gardenia. vernalis H. wild c. teaberry. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. runaway robin. hexapetala G Galanthus G. verum Gardenia G. red Robin .

< previous page page_149 next page > .

corsicus H. rose-of-China. cannabinus H.. hibiscus kenaf. niger H. mallow. bimlipatum j. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. foetidus H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily.. × luteola Herniaria H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. daylily . garland 1. bastard jute. lilioasphodelus H. matronalis Hibiscus H. Chinese hibiscus. lemon d. Deccan h. flavescens Helenium H. turnsole heliotrope. arborescens Helleborus H. giant m. glabra Hesperis H. Hawaiian h. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. sweet r.. petiolatum Heliotropium H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H.. lividus subsp. orientalis Hemerocallis H. China rose... blacking plant plantain lily. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. Indian hemp. rose m. bimli j. licorice plant heliotrope. Deckaner h. curry plant false licorice. atrorubens H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. angustifolium H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H..

perforatum Hyssopus H. crenata var. .-John's-wort St. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. navelwort gotu kola St. horned h. Burford's holly Japanese holly. I.-John's-wort St. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. white h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. rose h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. box-leaved h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. patulum 'Sungold' H. lupulus Hydrangea H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. box-leaved h. asiatica Hypericum H.H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. orangeroot. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.. European h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.

wilsonii Impatiens I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. spotted t. chinensis var. yellow flag. × germanica var. African corn lily corn lily orris. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . jewelweed. crested dwarf i. officinale Juniperus J. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. touch-me-not jewelweed. 'Great Lakes' I.. vomitoria 'Nana' I. horizontalis creeping j. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. J. woad dyer's woad. pseudacorus Isatis I. tinctoria Inula I. glabra I.I. florentina I... cristata I. opaca I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. helenium Ipomoea I. tinctoria Ixia I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. water f. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. alba Iris I. crested i. snapweed. capensis Indigofera I. maculata J Jasminum J.

indica Lamium L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. king'scrown L Lactuca L. nobilis Lavandula L. sweet bay laurel. album L. dentata var. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. dumb nettle. n. brandegeana shrimp plant J. d. plume plant. maculatum L.. plume flower.Justicia water willow J.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . paradise p. bay.. angustifolia subsp. carnea Brazilian-plume. flamingo p. angustifolia L.. white d. dentata L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. n. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

latifolium Linaria Lindera L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. perenne L. pepperwort. summer s. muscari Lobelia L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. hedge plant privet. lovage privet. statice statice toadflax spicebush. leonurus Leontopodium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. chalcedonicum Limonium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. aestivum Levisticum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.. candidum L. marsh rosemary. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. benzoin Linum L. blue cardinal flower .< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. sativum Leucojum L. officinale Ligustrum L.

honesty. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L.. campion. vulgaris Lythrum L. penny f. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. coral h. gypsywort. sempervirens Lunaria L. money plant. stellata M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. grandiflora M. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . maritima L. satin flower honesty. flava L. annua Lychnis L.L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. coronaria 'Alba' L. lycopersicum var. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. virginiana sweet alyssum. silver-dollar. coronaria L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. europaeus Lysimachia L. catchfly mullein pink. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. lycopersicum var. moonwort. cordata Magnolia M. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle.

blue barberry apple. × gentilis M. b.Mahonia M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. × piperita M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. Scotch m. Virginia b.. imperial stock balm lemon b. horsemint . 'Eau de Cologne' M. lungwort bluebells. cowslip. bee b. 'Guiding Star' M.. pineapple m. alcea var. bluebells. Oregon g. apple m. vulgare Matthiola M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. gillyflower. × piperita var. American crab. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. pennyroyal Corsican m. stock stock. mountain g. white h. longifolia M. officinalis Mentha M. aquatica M. holly barberry. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. pulegium M.. incana Melissa M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. musk m. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.. horsemint peppermint orange mint.. lemon m. holly mahonia. citrata M.. bergamot m.. Brampton stock. sweet b. fastigiata Marrubium M. hupehensis Malva M. menthella. curly m. angustifolia M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. holly g. requienii M. Virginia c. incanum M..

fistulosa M. swamp c. menthifolia M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. Swedish m. white bee balm pink b. pink b. winter purslane. white b. Oswego tea. American m. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. sylvatica Myrica M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. textilis Myosotis M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M.. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. punctata Montia M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. fistulosa var. b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. candleberry. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . banana abaca. myrrh. anise. b. citriodora M. Greek myrtle. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. sweet cicely. b. odorata Myrtus M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry.M. red m.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . brake bracken. tacamahac cinquefoil. hardy orange poplar. widdy shrubby c. trifoliata Populus P. pasture b. hog-pasture b.. five-finger shrubby c. elatior P.. domestica P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P.Poncirus P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. sieboldii 'Alba' P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. lungwort blue 1. maritima P. hackmatack. balsam p. granatum Pyrus P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. veris Prunella P.. pensylvanica P. Americana P. vulgaris Prunus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. nepalensis P. aspen. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. heal-all. brake. Jerusalem cowslip white p. Jerusalem sage. angustifolia P. sand p. persica Pteridium P. golden hardhack. all-heal salad burnet.

brier r. eglantine. autumn damask r. dog b. alpinum R. . mountain c. brier Banksia r. crowfoot lesser celandine. rose. moss r. pygmy r.. banksiae R. stellata R Ranunculus R.. red currant. garden c. eglanteria R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. gallica damask r.. pie plant. sativum Rosa R.Quercus Q. × borboniana R. garden r. fairy r. canina R. cabbage r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. small c. dyer's rocket rhubarb... gooseberry alpine c. typhina Ribes R. 'Cinderella' R. sweetbrier French r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. luteola Rhamnus R. pilewort mignonette weld. China r. moss r. dog r. York-and-Lancaster r. Bourbon r.. purshiana Rheum R. chinensis 'Minima' R. ficaria Reseda R.

French sorrel rue . × rehderana R. setigera R.. wichuraiana R. spinosissima R. garden sorrel broad dock.'Officinalis' R. burnet r. rosemary white r.. prostrate rosemary. polyantha r. bitter d. musk r. obtusifolius R. golden p. laevigata R. Japanese r. moschata R. climbing r. Harison's yellow r. acetosa R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. r. rosemary pine-scented r. × harisonii R. hirta Rumex R.. rugosa R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. chinquapin r. angustissimus R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. Scotch r. snowdwarf memorial r. 'Schneezwerg' R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. chestnut r.. climbing r. Cherokee r. Turkestan r. tinctorum Rubus R. prairie r. sorrel. madder bramble blackberry. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. roxburghii R. dock s.

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greggii S. caerula S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. involucrata S. purple g. elegans S. sclarea S. bloodroot red puccoon. osier goat willow. gray sage.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. canadensis willow. caprea Salvia S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. variegated garden s. clary annual clary elder. bloodroot rue . garden s. purple variegated garden s. microphylla S. argentea S. s. pussy willow sage. American e. viridis Sambucus S. leucantha S. guaranitica S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. golden g. purple sage baby sage garden sage. leucophylla S. clevelandii S. Mexican bush s. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. elderberry American e.

St. mad apple . morganianum S. hortensis S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. sweet s.. skirret potato vine eggplant. pinnata S. sisarum Solanum S.. devil's tongue. atropurpurea Sedum S. virens Saponaria S. melongena var. roof h. canadensis Sansevieria S. lucky plant. live-forever houseleek. trifasciata Santolina S. Mary's t. hen-and-chickens. telephium Sempervivum S. blessed t. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. tectorum Silybum S. marianum Sium S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. live-forever houseleek. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. pincushion flower pincushions... lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. officinalis Sassafras S. mourning-bride stonecrop. hemp plant snake plant. jasminoides S. good-luck plant.Sanguisorba S. neapolitana S. albidum Satureja S. milk t.

laciniata Persian lilac S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. × persica var. lutea Stokesia S. laevis Symphytum S. californica Sorbaria S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. hedge nettle. grandiflora S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. officinale S. big m. patula melongene. erecta marigold African m.. lilac . byzantina S. Aztec m. reticulata var. vulgaris 'Addie V. sorbifolia Sorbus S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. officinale Syringa S. woundwort lamb's-ears. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. americana Stachys S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S..

yew conical y. lemon t. vulgare var. . cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. upright y. marum Thuja T. occidentalis Thymus T.. signet m.. 'Broad-leaf English' T. culinary golden lemon t. sweet mace French m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T.T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. canadense T. fruticans T. carnosus T. dense y. lucida T. filifolia T. germander American g. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. tansy tansy. columnar y. 'Argenteus' T.. procumbent g. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. officinale Taxus T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. dwarf m. wood sage germander dwarf. crispum Taraxacum T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. vulgare T.

< previous page page_154 next page > .

serpyllum T. red c. nummularius T. praecox T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. zygis Torenia T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. woolly thyme creeping t. doerfleri T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T.. praecox subsp. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. odorus t. t. richardii subsp. herba-barona T. caraway t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. not culinary French t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. nitidus T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. t. wishbone flower. confederatej. glabrescens T.. lanatum Trifolium T. . lemon t. crimson c. pallasianus T. creeping t. pratensis Trichostema T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. leucotrichus T.

angustifolium var. officinalis V. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. Indian cress dwarf n. 'General de Wet' T. flannel plant. thapsus Veronica V. blueberry. mullein mullein. officinalis Verbascum V. kaufmanniana T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. majus T. laevifolium Valeriana V. clusiana T. water-lily t. huckleberry. minus Tsuga T. farfara U Urginea U. red s. canadensis Tulipa T. pale yellow Darwin t. 'Blizzard' T. cranberry. maritima Urtica U. dioica V Vaccinium V. velvet p. speedwell. early. species t. bitter Indian garden n.Tropaeolum T. tarda T. squill. . nettle stinging n. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. 'Sweet Harmony' T.. tawny orange t. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tall n. olympicum V.. blattaria V.

violet dog violet horned v. canina V.. minor Viola V. heartsease. lesser p. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. acerifolium V. myrtle. × wittrockiana Vitis V. prunifolium Vinca V. khus-khus. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. withe-rod vetiver. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. sheepberry. cassinoides V. odorata V. carlesii V. lutea 'Splendens' V. possum haw . zizanioides Viburnum V. heartsease pansy. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. ladies-delight. sweet h. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie..Vetiveria V. running m. arrowwood. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X.. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. tricolor V. maple-leaved viburnum. nannyberry.

ginger. Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . officinale ginger true ginger.

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