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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. and I have had the pleasure of advising. successes. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. pushing. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. It needs no sequel. whether all their labor was to no avail. responded with delight. This was not to be. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. punching. more of them exist to serve as examples. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. and record every detailall of the failures. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. alterations. carefully chosen. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . Again they revised. This they did. With false starts and honest stops. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. seven years ago. Their energy and charm caught me up. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. wheedling. Then. for they had no model and no guide. and the publisher. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. with sparkling enthusiasm. especially poetry. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Ginny had done some writing. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. The turning point came when. build it. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. and the experience provided the final section of the book. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. bereft of hope. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles.
Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. and educational purpose." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. To achieve this." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. We. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. 1969 and 1980. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. degree of maintenance required. former generic names. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. without accompanying commentary. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. and these are capitalizedfor example. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. historical interest. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. rather. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Italics are always used for botanical names. The herb garden designs alone. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. the authors. or by contributors. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. while others were prepared by landscape designers. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Not all plants used are herbs. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. . A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. although countless common names exist. A range of essential factors is considered herein. specialty. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. by their owners. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. English thyme. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. we completed a test garden. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Some of these were created by landscape architects. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. Likewise.
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Trudi Bela. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. has given us valuable information. past presidents. Special thanks are due James C. which made possible the completion of our text. former director of same. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. and the horticulturist. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Herbert J. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Lee Buss. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Derthick. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Swanson and Robert B. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. librarian. The late Raymond C.D. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Wanda Ritchie. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. She has served. and Rexford Talbert. have also been of assistance. Keebler and the late Everest P. Rady. FAITH H. Nell Neff. His assistant. former managing editors. We are grateful to many. M. as expediter and typist. president. and August Frugé. Alexander Apanius. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Richard T. Alice Skelsey. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Recognition is due Robert B. Eleanor Gambee. Weatherhead.. SWANSON VIRGINIA B.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. too. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Isaacson. has been especially helpful over the years. Genevieve Jyurovat. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Jo Lohmolder. Susan Frugé. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. and Joanna Reed. Finally. A lecturer on herbs. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Betty Rea. and Elizabeth Bryce. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Perennial herbs." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. As one constantly reinforces the other. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. some of which are evergreen. and structures. to increase the value of the property. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. and decisions must not be left to chance. "Not difficult to plan. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. As Henry Beston reflects. a front dooryard. and hedges will have been located. new ways of seeing.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. new plants. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. lay out a plan of the property. temples of worship." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. the north point will have been indicated. partially excavated area. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. If no . fences." A good design does not "happen. or an abandoned. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. In order to create a fine garden design. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Its interest is independent of flowers. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. not at all difficult to maintain. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide.
and hedges. measurements are in engineer's scale. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences.
measure to locate the house. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. will give the lot or acreage measurements. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Here. In this example. and the driveway. such as the one illustrated here. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. too. Other areas may require a smaller scale. to locate the house. A deed description. measurements are in engineer's scale. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. too. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. Next. The object is to . other significant structures. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. In the absence of a survey map. but with all needed information.
Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. The smaller the scale. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and unusual land features noted. The tools needed for drawing are few. paths. < previous page page_3 next page > . enclosures. shrubs. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. triangleof inexpensive plastic. and parallel lines.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. driveway. lines at an angle.
it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. yew. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. One basic rule is the higher the wall. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. old smokehouse. and hedges of hemlock. With the plan on paper. and holly. In some cases. gazebo. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. greenhouse. iron. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . the more substantial its foundation needs to be. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. Upkeep. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. garage. brick. In the designs that follow. In the absence of a structure. and stone. However. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. bayberry. or summer kitchen is ideal. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. A toolhouse.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
the garden design is most attractive. or pressure-treated lumber. elegant box. a temporary garden that may be changed later. bricks. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. whether it will be rocks. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. For example. they can be made to order. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. as an example. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. and rosemary. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. as in outdoor room dividers. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Allow adequate room within the row. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. for example. railroad ties. If used. but the results will confirm this course. such as bayberry. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Brick is the all-time favorite material. yew. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. or natural. Generally. Equally important is proportion. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. and their styles are countless. if wood is the material of choice. painted. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. . When used with a hedge. gray surfaces are found. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. some deciduous and some evergreen. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. for reinforcing the design. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Rosemary. Styles are legion. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Lower cost is an advantage. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. At first. When this reinforcement is understated. however. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. In some climates. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Stone. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Where air circulation is much needed. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. box. landscape timbers. If desired.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. so give them much thought. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. or. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. too. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. deeply evergreen. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Gates are part of the enclosure. annual painting is a necessity. Whatever the reason. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. cut stones. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Stained. holly. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. it will seem too sparsely planted.
if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. there is a necessary. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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Their width needs to be no less than adequate. cost. It is a general rule that the less the riser. . or red. rosy pink. and maintenance. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Step materials need not be the same as. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. however. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. too. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. appearance. A width of four feet allows room for turning. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. The colors are various: terracotta. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Choose the path material equally for comfort. making the design more evident. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. but should be compatible with. the greater the tread. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. for example. their use no less than comfortable. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Paths must be ample. because they are just that. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. If groups are walking through. There are. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Access paths.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.
A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. they should not shade the herbs too much.) To avoid having a slippery surface. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. This. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. is an enjoyable experience. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . If the garden is made up of separate beds. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. With these recommendations in mind. prepare a planting plan for each. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. serviceberry. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. a result being hazardous footing. and many good references are available. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. shad Malus coronaria. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. They are easily renewed as they break down. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. too. shrubs. bark or pine needles can be used. When they mature. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. a soft-lead pencil in hand. or trees to be considered. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.
Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. however. Artifacts As with other gardens. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. for example. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. a focal point is customarily used. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. or whatever is best in your case. such as the one illustrated here. Often this center of interest is a sundial. noting well their growth habits. 'Mount Hood daff. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Do use a soft-lead pencil. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. for example. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. one-half inch equals one foot. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. whether they are invasive or tall growing.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. lemon thyme. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. it is easily read and easily erased. too. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Sept. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. It needs.
respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. Again. < previous page page_9 next page > . It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. If a statue less than life-size is used. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. It is then in scale with its frame. the height of a fence to the house. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. a niche of its own should be created. and a good sense of proportion is achieved.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
However. the designs have a decorative north point. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. that of good proportion. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. Except for two. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. For easy reference. a stylized drawing of an ovary. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
The rules of symmetry are observed.L. lemon 15. 16. bee balm 13. lovage 17. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.Allium 11. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Lavenders accent the front corners. 3. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Pelargonium graveolens.S. sweet 25.Satureja montana. or other structure. sativa.A. 5.Ocimum basilicum. 22. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. dill cerasiforme. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. Foeniculum vulgare. 1. arcticus 27. 4. which is used here in relation to a garage. Landscape Architect.Satureja hortensis.Origanum majorana. 7. 14. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. salad burnet 12. With color and texture considered for contrast. lemon balm . a fence.Thymus praecox subsp. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. summer 23. 26. 6. The first number in each planting area is the key number. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. fennel 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Viola tricolor. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. rose 24. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Melissa officinalis.Galium odoratum. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. A. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.Lobularia maritima. 21.
costmary 'Albus'. 19.Origanum heracleoticum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Petroselinum crispum var. leek 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. dwarf garden 20.Salvia officinalis. Pelargonium × limoneum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Porrum Group. Greek 28.8. chive 18. curly parsley 10.
Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium tomentosum. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. 18. .< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 11. summer 10. bush basil 3.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. curly parsley sativa. fennel English lavender geranium 4. as was done here. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 17. white 20.Poterium sanguisorba. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. 12. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Satureja hortensis. 1.Pelargonium graveolens. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. rose 19. Petroselinum crispum var. 13.Monarda didyma. 9.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. French tarragon 2.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Foeniculum vulgare. lemon verbena 21. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.
Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Heliotropium arborescens.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Galium odoratum.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 14.salad burnet 6. 16. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . eglantine 23.Thymus × citriodorus. English'.Origanum majorana.Rosa eglanteria. English thyme dill 8.
parsley 5. dill 2. Japanese yew 17. The garden is conveniently located. sweet marjoram 3. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Chionanthus virginicus.Mentha spicata. and the plan could be used at a front door.A. lemon thyme 10.L. however.Taxus cuspidata. still observing a scale.Levisticum officinale. summer savory 11. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. Origanum majorana. 7. 13. however. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. English thyme Greek oregano 4. spearmint 16. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Then the design might need to be expanded. 9. A.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. garden sage 8. making the beds larger and the paths wider. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Origanum heracleoticum.Allium schoenoprasum. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. salad burnet 14.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. lovage 15. The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis.S.Artemisia dracunculus var.Petroselinum crispum.Thymus × citriodorus. Even in limited space. . Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. sativa. 1.
Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.
and a gate provides access to the front of the property. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Primula vulgaris. lavender marjoram 2.Allium ampeloprasum. The number in each planting area is the key number. 13. bee balm 14.S. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 32. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. 18. sweet violet 16. Jacob's-ladder 3. salad 20.Convallaria majalis. yellow 29. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Pulmonaria officinalis.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . blue lungwort 26. 8. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. Christmas fern 5.Polemonium reptans.L. 33.Origanum majorana. hop sativa. fennel 19. 25. fraxinella 15. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. the challenge is obvious. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. lemon thyme 28.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Dictamnus albus. cinnamon fern 4. Monarda didyma. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Teucrium chamaedrys.Polystichum acrostichoides.Thymus × citriodorus.Digitalis grandiflora. This is an intimate garden. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. 31. 6. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 1. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garden sage 17.Asarum canadense.Osmunda cinnamomea. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.Artemisia dracunculus var. The long. Viola odorata. Landscape Architect. A. 9. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 7. 30. wild ginger 27.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.A. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.Stachys byzantina. summer 21. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Humulus lupulus.
yellow bedstraw 23.savory germander Willmott'. Canada hemlock Standard'. French'. French thyme woodruff koreana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. sweet 34.Galium odoratum. winter savory 24.Tsuga canadensis. crispum. curly parsley mountain ash 12. 35.Sorbus americana.Galium verum.Korean box 11.Petroselinum crispum var. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .lilac 10.Buxus microphylla var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Satureja montana.
It is a pleasing.Salvia officinalis. Surprisingly. garden sage 20.Origanum heracleoticum. neapolitanum. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum var. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. this design can be an inspiration. dill 10." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. One of the beds. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. Even so. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. devoted to a "yearly surprise. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. To be placed near the kitchen. geometric design.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. lemon verbena 2. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. 19.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Rumex scutatus. Italian parsley . it became part of the patio.
Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon 5. chive 25.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon basil 9.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja montana.Origanum majorana. Alpine strawberry 7.Allium tuberosum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Borago officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.3. borage 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 12. sweet 18. 16. salad 15.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. lemon balm cicely 6. curly parsley 22. chervil marjoram 21.Poterium sanguisorba.Anthriscus cerefolium.Myrrhis odorata. basil sativa. English thyme bush basil 8. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. sweet 14. garlic chive 26.17.Satureja hortensis. crispum.Melissa officinalis. sweet 13. winter savory 24. purple basil 4. summer savory 23.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.
< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. it is an unusual.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. gray .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. To increase the planting area. it is full of interesting angles. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. so. The center beds here were established in this way. winter 21. sweet 13.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Hyssopus officinalis. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. geometric design.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Thymus × citriodorus. lamb's-ears 20. the work paths could be eliminated. English lavender 10. rosemary 3. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.C. D. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. Created in an orderly way.Galium odoratum. As a whole.Lavandula angustifolia. 1. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. blue 22. purple basil 4. English thyme lemon thyme 11. sweet cicely 23. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. 14.Stachys byzantina.Santolina virens. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. scented-leaf geranium 2.Pelargonium in variety.Satureja montana. too.Myrrhis odorata.Rosmarinus officinalis. green santolina 12. 19.
camphor-scented wormwood 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. silver mound artemisia 18.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . clove pink 7. 25. classic myrtle 9.Artemisia camphorata. horehound24.Artemisia abrotanum.Ilex opaca.Myrtus communis. germander 16.Dianthus caryophyllus. French thyme santolina 15.6.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.
Chamaemelum . absinthe 26. winter savory 16. casts the shadow for the hour. Its arrow points north and. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. too. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. tansy 25. arcticus 21. which adds its impression of warmth. sativa. pot marigold 24. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. Job's tears 11. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. lemon balm 22.Satureja montana. Galium odoratum. English lavender 6. sweet woodruff 5. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. rosemary 15. yarrow 12.Borago officinalis. 1. Sometimes space is limited.Rosmarinus officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia absinthium. Coix lacryma-jobi.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. French tarragon 14.Melissa officinalis. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. borage 23. Achillea millefolium. purple basil 3. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. sweet basil 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. Lavandula angustifolia. this herb garden is secluded. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. blue hyssop 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 13. This center of interest is of particular note.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare.Calendula officinalis.
variegated garden sage 8. chamomile 17.Origanum vulgare. sweet 29. comfrey20. chive 18. garden sage 19.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Syringa. white creeping thyme nobile.7. Salvia elegans.Origanum majorana.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . marjoram pecan 10. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. costmary 'Albus'.Symphytum officinale. Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium in variety.Carya illinoinensis. wild marjoram 28. pineapplescented sage 9. scented-leaf 27.
sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Allium sativum. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. Anthriscus cerefolium.Origanum majorana. blue 23. 30. purple basil Zingiber officinale. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Ruta graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 19.Apium graveolens. sweet cicely 37.Marrubium vulgare. parsley 17. 7. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Teucrium chamaedrys. 36.Pelargonium × limoneum. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 34.Galium odoratum. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Ipomoea alba.Satureja hortensis. 5. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. true ginger16. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. sativa. rose geranium 2. 1. garlic Levisticum officinale. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 3. 29. hyssop Meyer lemon . 18. rue 31.Myrrhis odorata. French sorrel 21. 6. lovage 22. 9. sunken into the ground. lemon balm 35.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 4.Salvia officinalis. chervil 15. horehound 33. 8. When controlled in this way. summer 32. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. dill 20. The more invasive ones.
Greek oregano 12.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum. lemonthyme 28. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . lemon verbena 11. salad burnet 25. dwarf nasturtium 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus × citriodorus. bush basil 14. Japanese yew 39.Tropaeolum minus.Magnolia virginiana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. English thyme 26.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha spicata.10. sweet basil 38.Origanum heracleoticum. spearmint 27.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. French thyme 24.
< previous page page_22 next page > . The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. simplify!. however.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. whatever the reason. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. a quick way to ensure good drainage. but. "Simplify. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. the insect-repellent pennyroyal.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Melissa officinalis.Origanum majorana. 14.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. lettuce 10. lemon 22.Mentha spicata.Capsicum frutescens.Artemisia dracunculus var. 12. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. French tarragon 5. arcticus. bell pepper 6. garden sage 3. tansy 11.Lindera benzoin. 26.Satureja hortensis. 18. sweet 25. bee balm 19.Ruta graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet 15.Ocimum basilicum. dill 13.Lactuca sativa. balm sativa.Petroselinum crispum. peppermint 23.Anethum graveolens.Allium fistulosum. 16. jewelweed24. spicebush absinthe French'.Artemisia absinthium.Impatiens capensis. sweet 17.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. summer basil savory 7. tomato American pennyroyal 4. spearmint 21.Aloe barbadensis. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Mentha x piperita.Galium odoratum. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . parsley 2.Thymus praecox subsp. rue 20.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Tanacetum vulgare.Monarda didyma. aloe Grossum Group. 1.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
A low wall of brick. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. horizontally laid bluestone. arcticus 14. faced and capped with random. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. 8. germander 7. too.Pelargonium in variety. Perovskia abrotanoides. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Thymus praecox subsp. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French thyme 2. . 1. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. encloses this plan. Russian 13.Teucrium chamaedrys.
lady's6.Hyssopus officinalis. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. white creeping thyme 5. lemon thyme 10.-John'swort 17. arcticus 'Albus'. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Melissa officinalis. St. lavender 3.Santolina neapolitana 4. crimson creeping thyme 9. blue 11.Campsis radicans.Thymus praecox subsp.Hamamelis virginiana. witch hazel 18.Viburnum cassinoides.Galium odoratum. Thymus × citriodorus.angustifolia.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon balm hyssop 12. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. trumpet vine 16. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.
However. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. holly. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. lilac. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. < previous page page_28 next page > . Germander is a proper edging here. the shrubsyew. Although this is not a large garden. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. however. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. box. It is.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
sweet violet 19.Comptonia peregrina. 21.Anemone pulsatilla. 18.Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 22.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Thymus praecox subsp. red creeping thyme 10. Heliotropium arborescens.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Japanese yew 44.Satureja montana. 12.Cytisus supinus.Iris cristata. Corsican 24. blue horehound hyssop 3.Ruta graveolens. broom 40. mint silver mound artemisia 25. dwarf crested iris 39. mantle chamomile 5. Japanese holly 42. cottage pink 2. 9. santolina alpine pink 28. classic myrtle 15. Alchemilla vulgaris. Viola odorata. green 27. 23. woolly thyme 7. clary 30.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 36. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Salvia leucophylla. gray sage savory 14. fraxinella 33.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. winter 29. lamb'sears 35.Borago officinalis.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia sclarea. rue 6. Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. crimson creeping thyme 31. white hyssop 4. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. prostrate rosemary 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Stachys byzantina. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Simkins'.Chamaemelum nobile.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Mentha requienii.Dictamnus albus.Santolina virens.Artemisia camphorata.Iris × germanica var.Myrtus communis. lilac 45.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. Myrrhis odorata. dwarf privet 48.Syringa patula. white creeping thyme 37.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. 26.Eloise & Jo Ray.Artemisia frigida. fringed wormwood 16. lady's. Marrubium vulgare. 1. sweet cicely17. orris 38.20.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet albula. 32. alpine strawberry 8.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. florentina. Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf box 41.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina pinnata 34. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . Japanese holly 47. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. columnal yew 43. shrubby cinquefoil 46.
Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. Other paths are brick. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. the center of interest for the herb garden. This hedge. an herb garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. a cutting garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. and a vegetable garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. a running bond pattern. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. as is true here in the vegetable garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. < previous page page_30 next page > . These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. allowing adequate access to the lawn area.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area.
L. Landscape Architect. .< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. A.S.
22.Stokesia laevis.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. York-andLancaster rose 16.Satureja hortensis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Teucrium chamaedrys. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia sclarea. blue hyssop 43.Artemisia dracunculus var. Anethum graveolens 23. cottage pink French'. 55. 14.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. helenium 4. pale 28.Polystichum acrostichoides.Helleborus niger.The number in each planting area is the key number. double white peony of-Persia 12.Limonium latifolium. Dictamnus albus. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . summer 34. yellow epimedium 15.Hyssopus officinalis. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. French tarragon 8.Digitalis grandiflora. French thyme 7. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. 1.Petroselinum crispum var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Magnolia virginiana. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. plantain lily 2. 37.Thymus × citriodorus. Christmas 48. 32.Allium schoenoprasum. 47. statice Solemacher'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Origanum heracleoticum.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Origanum majorana. candytuft Standard'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. starsMaxima'.Allium christophii. sativa. Louise'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. bush basil 41. Campanula persicifolia. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. lamb's-ears 49.Pelargonium in variety.Lilium candidum. Achillea taygetea. germander 39. lemon thyme 40.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. green santolina 42.Santolina virens. yellow 35. purple basil Japanese holly 17. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Aloysia triphylla. winter savory 44.Ocimum basilicum 54.Chrysanthemum × superbum. 50. 52. garden sage 56.Salvia officinalis. white 'Bouquet'. fraxinella 26. Aquilegia chrysantha. Stokes' aster 31. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. blue iris 9. dill wishbone flower 5. blue 27.Ribes alpinum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. verbena rose chive 11. sweet marjoram 45.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. sweet 51.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Stachys byzantina. lavender 18.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Rosa damascena savory crispum. alpine strawberry 3. yellow 24.Hemerocallis × luteola. clary 46.Satureja montana.Galium odoratum. lemon 29. columbine dwarf marigold 6. 53. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.
The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. as in this case. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. While serving as a soil retainer.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. < previous page page_32 next page > .
Melissa officinalis. bee balm 24.45. 42.Thymus × citriodorus. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Viola odorata.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Iris pseudacorus. lemon verbena 46. Stachys byzantina. 21. Borago officinalis. borage 26. 1. crispum.A.Alchemilla vulgaris. lamb's25. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Iris cristata.Tanacetum vulgare var.A. Landscape Architect.Solanum pseudocapsicum. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. The number in each planting area is the key number.Aloysia triphylla. Monarda didyma.Mentha spicata. sweet 23.R.Galium odoratum. lady's43. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lemon 22. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. .Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum. English 44. spearmint 41. Ocimum basilicum.
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Elaeagnus pungens. savory sativa.Mentha × piperita var.Foeniculum vulgare. summer 32. pennyroyal 54. Porrum Group.Capsicum frutescens.Cornus florida.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium ampeloprasum. pineapple38. leek 49. rosemary 9. 40. Egyptian onion 11. catnip 50. mullein chive 47.7.Salvia elegans. tabasco senna pepper 20. curly parsley oak 17. French tarragon holly 13. flowering dogwood 15. garden sage 36. sweet marjoram 28.Verbascum thapsus. carpet bugleweed 8.Mentha pulegium. absinthe English thyme 27.Artemisia absinthium. fennel 35.Anethum graveolens. horehound neapolitanum.Origanum heracleoticum.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Origanum majorana.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium cepa.Cassia marilandica.Crataegus arkansana.Petroselinum crispum var. clove 55.Marrubium vulgare. pink hawthorn 16. rue 51. 56.Allium tuberosum. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. 37. wild 39. Greek 53.Allium sativum.Nepeta cataria.Ruta graveolens. 57. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Proliferum Group. southernwood 31. 52. 33.Satureja hortensis. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . orange mint 29. garlic chive 48. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Quercus stellata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. polyantha rose 12. citrata. dill 34. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Vinca minor.Rosa × rehderana. Poterium sanguisorba. myrtle 58. curly mint 30. post crispum 'Banquet'. salad burnet 10.Artemisia dracunculus var.Dianthus caryophyllus. Ajuga reptans.
which are a good way to supply controlled shade. and vinegars. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. sleep pillows. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. However. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. < previous page page_34 next page > . Although this is a northeast exposure. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. mothproofing bags. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction.
Landscape Architect . Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.
Allium schoenoprasum. anise hyssop 14.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. 1. lemon 18. lemon 31. tansy 16. garden sage 2.Valeriana officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tanacetum vulgare. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium moly.Satureja montana. lily leek 44.Rumex scutatus.The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. bee balm 30. Poterium sanguisorba. salad 22. Hallock'. 24.Salvia oficinalis. 21.Tsuga canadensis.Pelargonium × limoneum. costmary 5.Iris × germanica var. round-headed garlic 46.Melissa officinalis.Salvia elegans. 49.Artemisia abrotanum. Proliferum Group. daylily in variety 41.Rosmarinus officinalis.Monarda didyma. balm valerian 15. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium tomentosum.Tropaeolum minus.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. lavender 7. Egyptian onion 42.Ocimum basilicum 27.Hyssopus officinalis . French tarragon 10. Thymus × citriodorus. pot 28. 'President Poincare'. florentina. rue 26.Pelargonium fragrans. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. lemon verbena 36.Thuja occidentalis. blue hyssop 35. Roman 20. peppermint geranium 40. bay 48. garden 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia dracunculus var. purple basil sage 11. 50. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 23. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Lactuca. nutmeg geranium 39. sativa. chive 43. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. American rosemary arborvitae 34. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Allium cepa. orris 17. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. Artemisia pontica.Levisticum officinale.Allium sativum var.Alchemilla vulgaris. lilac 32. dwarf nasturtium 37.Pelargonium graveolens. burnet lovage 6.Galium odoratum. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Calendula officinalis. winter 29.Salvia officinalis. 19.Agastache foeniculum.Allium sphaerocephalum.Laurus nobilis. crispum.Allium pulchellum 47.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. Ruta graveolens. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Hemerocallis. dwarf savory garden sage 13. lettuce in variety 25. 'Monge'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. southernwood 9.Mentha spicata. Petroselinum crispum var.
shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. A simple knot. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. Invasive. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. < previous page page_36 next page > . The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity.
French tarragon 44. salad burnet 23. dwarf winter savory 2. white thrift 24. Valeriana officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1.Foeniculum vulgare. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. pineapple mint 22. foxglove 4.Salvia elegans. sativa.Satureja hortensis.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Monarda didyma. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. bee balm 26. fennel 25. valerian 5. golden thyme . Digitalis purpurea. houseleek 45.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. summer savory 43. horehound 46. pineapplescented sage 47.Poterium sanguisorba.Sempervivum tectorum. thyme 3. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Armeria maritima.
marigold chive 15. germander 56. yellow 41. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Salvia officinalis. 61. lavender Christmas rose 11. feverfew climbing rose 16. 39.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Hyssopus officinalis.Galium verum.Galium odoratum.Teucrium chamaedrys. garden 42.Ruta graveolens.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. white 58. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. rue 31. blue hyssop 57. absinthe 53. dwarf edging box 21.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 50. sweet basil sage 27.Laurus nobilis. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . pink 59. China rose comfrey 19.Crocus sativus. Salvia sclarea.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Anemone pulsatilla.Rosa chinensis. fraxinella 8. white creeping thyme aconite 14.6. English 52.Levisticum officinale.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Sium sisarum. sweet 37.Salvia viridis. Isatis tinctoria. Angelica archangelica.Eranthis hyemalis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. parthenium.Artemisia absinthium. sweet 32.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Myrrhis odorata. viper's 34. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Agrimonia eupatoria.Echium vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. 54.Chrysanthemum 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. pink 62. angelica Lenten rose 10. French'. 38.Thymus praecox subsp.Calendula officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. 40. annual clary 51. pot 35. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. Madonna cicely lily 12.Helleborus niger. arcticus 55. clary 48. rosemary 28. skirret 60.Symphytum officinale.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana.Rosa eglanteria.Helleborus orientalis. dyer's woad 7.Lilium candidum. 30. Dictamnus albus.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 33.
Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Carya ovata. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. There is variety in this plan. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. and the shagbark hickory. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. < previous page page_38 next page > . However. even though space is limited. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds.
Paxton. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.
Arisaema triphyllum. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Adiantum pedatum. Artemisia absinthium. red mint . sweet basil Satureja montana. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. box Buxus sempervirens. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. green santolina Primula veris. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. bee balm Melissa officinalis. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. dogwood Salvia sclarea. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. chive Ilex opaca. Aloysia triphylla. angelica Mondarda didyma. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. citrata. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. Marrubium vulgare. germander Agastache foeniculum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. flax Buxus sempervirens. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var.Galium verum. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. stewardsonii. Canada Isatis tinctoria. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. French Galium odoratum. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. box Ruta graveolens. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. borage Petroselinum crispum. rue Cornusflorida. Poterium sanguisorba. valerian Rosa damascena. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. lamb's. sativa. box Carya ovata. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. Asarum canadense.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
For this appearance. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. this excavation. An informal. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. < previous page page_40 next page > . So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. A clump of birch here. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. However. unplanned look was desired. is on a sandy knoll.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. it is open on the side facing the house. first intended for the construction of a cottage. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A singular statue of St. a dipping pool there. too.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Satureja montana. 58. gray scented sage santolina 4. 38. 78. Artemisia dracunculusvar. Ruta graveolens. lemon balm 44. 76.Artemisia abrotanum.Betula papyrifera.Angelica archangelica.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. Sempervivum tectorum.Allium favum lovage 22. Johnny-jump-up54.Ocimum basilicum. orange geranium 11. 63.Pelargonium tomentosum. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 77.Thymus herba-barona. chive crispum.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. 32. sweet 71. 65. blue 2.Anthriscus cerefolium.Origanum vulgare. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. 33.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. apple mint 49.Convallaria majalis. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. 'Prostratus'.Santolina florentina. 12. wild 51. 72. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Pelargonium crispum. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 52.Coriandrum sativum. 74. garden sage lungwort 57. 59. catnip 73. pennyroyal 46. rose bergamot valerian 25.Mentha × gentilis.Tanacetum vulgare var. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. red mint 48.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Chrysanthemum 80. feverfew 27. myrtle 14.Monarda fistulosa.Origanum onites. fern-leaf tansy 23.Hyssopus officinalis. golden 37. purple basil 9.Nepeta cataria. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Origanum majorana.Ajuga reptans. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. 79. 70.Pulmonaria officinalis. 31. lamb's-ears parsley 19. celandine cicely 18.The number in each planting area is the key number. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Teucrium canadense.Monarda didyma. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Achillea tomentosa. Iris × germanica var. pineapple3.Consolida orientalis. marsh 42. Thymus × citriodorus.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. spearmint 45. bee balm .Pelargonium denticulatum. 8. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Digitalis grandiflora. thrift55.Mentha spicata.Rosa 'Merry England'.Lavandula angustifolia. woolly thyme 13.Armeria maritima. rose geranium 10.Mentha pulegium.Petroselinum crispum. 60. winter savory 20.Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium quercifolium.Mentha suaveolens.Poterium sanguisorba. wild 43. 68.Glechoma hederacea. white birch English lavender parthenium. 75.Satureja hortensis.Viola tricolor.Salvia officinalis.Althaea officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Mentha × piperita.Anethum graveolens. 30. 34. Thymus praecox subsp.Marrubium vulgare. 1. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Chelidonium majus. creeping juniper 26.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lemon 35. sea onion angelica 24. pot 66. mint 50.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Levisticum officinale. 67. 36.Valeriana officinalis.Myrrhis odorata. 61. 69. rue 29. 53.Pelargonium graveolens. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Allium schoenoprasum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Vinca minor. 64.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Salvia elegans. peppermint 47. orris chamaecyparissus.Urginea maritima. French'.
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< previous page page_42 next page > . A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. the accents of the six large box. Because of the edging box. They are clustered around the smokehouse.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. and the two small trees. Foundation stone. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. the same as the smokehouse construction. making it more a part of the herb garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. is used for the wall. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.
Landscape Architect. A.A.S.L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .
Satureja montana.Angelica archangelica. sweet cicely45. Dictamnus albus. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. 41. fraxinella 17.Tanacetum vulgare var. 27. sweet 26. Ocimum basilicum 24. lemon 36.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. English 'Minimum'.Crataegus laevigata. 'Purpurascens'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Mentha × piperita var.Viola tricolor. lovage 46.Myrrhis odorata.Artemisia dracunculus var.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Crocus. fringed 43. balsamita. lemon 34. 21. 39.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. crownbasil savory imperial 11. white 23. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Pelargonium graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 40. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. spearmint 48. 22. pineapple mint 18.Alchemilla vulgaris. dwarf edging box 14. box 'Citriodorum'.Melissa officinalis.Chrysanthemum 28. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . Satureja hortensis. 1. Origanum majorana.38. 31. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. rosemary 3.Artemisia abrotanum.Galium odoratum.Fritillaria imperialis. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. lady's.Mentha × piperita. purple basil sativa. species in variety crispum. Corsican 33.Artemisia frigida. 47.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. winter 42. verbena English thyme 5.Ocimum basilicum 32.Levisticum officinale. 35. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. summer 25. sweet marjoram 2. Asarum europaeum.Buxus sempervirens. sweet 37.Mentha requienii.Allium schoenoprasum. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 30. 44.Ocimum basilicum. European ginger 4. orange mint 19.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon basil 15. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Pulmonaria officinalis. balm citrata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Prunus domestica.Lilium candidum. Symphytum officinale.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. bee balm 29.Aloysia triphylla. blue angelica lungwort 20.Allium giganteum. Lavandula angustifolia.
Instead. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. This hedge. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. two specimen shrubs. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Lowgrowing. although it is ample at four feet. too. The dipping bowl. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. This is true also of the stone curbing. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. the dwarf box edging. a soil retainer. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. < previous page page_44 next page > . and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. pink of Dianthus.
S. . Landscape Architect. A.A.L.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. marjoram crocus 7.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha × piperita var. green santolina 37. orange mint 8.Angelica archangelica. 54. arcticus 34. prostrate rosemary 18. Stachys byzantina. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Convallaria majalis.Galanthus nivalis.Crocus angustifolius. 43.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Helleborus lividus subsp. white 42.Thymus herba-barona.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Cimicifuga racemosa. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. Thymus praecox subsp. Compactus'. lemon 33.Nepeta mussinii.Digitalis grandiflora.Allium christophii.Helleborus niger. 26.Crocus tomasinianus. 56. 50.Teucrium canadense. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Pelargonium in variety.57. Thymus doerfleri.Leucojum aestivum.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium in variety. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. lily. caraway thyme albus. Madonna 63. 1. 61.Dicentra spectabilis. golden thyme41. gray 22.Mentha × piperita. Origanum majorana. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 46.Sternbergia lutea. angustifolia 'Nana'. sweet 27. tulip citrata. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. 44.Levisticum officinale. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. catmint 35. Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet 55.Borago officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Narcissus triandrus var.Thymus × citriodorus. angel's-tears 59. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 2. clary 32. thyme 29. 51.Mertensia virginica.Santolina virens. borage 31.Hamamelis virginiana.Narcissus asturiensis. 17. lemon 60.Lilium candidum. verbena snowflake 19. 49.Tulipa clusiana. rue25.Salvia sclarea.Mentha spicata. 52.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. winter savory 39. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Satureja montana. Salvia officinalis.Crocus speciosus. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. 40. black cohosh windflower 15. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Ocimum basilicum.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears 28.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Anemone blanda. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 45. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 36. 'Lanuginosus'. 20. American 38.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 47.Crocus kotschyanus. spearmint 48. Spanish bluebell 16. arcticus 30.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Myrica pensylvanica. 58.Heliotropium arborescens. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 53.
< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. The results have been most satisfying. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Second. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. very livable and profoundly satisfying. First. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. Morning sun warms it early. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season.
crocus 44.Allium neapolitanum. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet basil 23. garden sage 4. Beauty'. woolly thyme 3. clary thyme 22. Origanum heracleoticum. Ocimum basilicum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia sclarea. Thymus × citriodorus. absinthe sativa. French tarragon 5. 25.L. leek 46.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. A.Artemisia dracunculus var.A. The number in each planting area is the key number. wild celery 42. . English thyme 43.Salvia officinalis.S. Landscape Architect.Apium graveolens.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. lemon 21. 1. tulip 45. Porrum Group. marigold 41. Artemisia absinthium 24. 26.Crocus sieberi. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium ampeloprasum. 'Lambrook Silver'.Tulipa tarda.Artemisia lactiflora.Tagetes 'Lulu'.
fraxinella 36.Origanum majorana.Rosmarinus officinalis. viola holly 18. dogwood 19. pale 49.Aloysia triphylla. pink 30.Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears 52.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. 58. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Hyssopus officinalis. great 31.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. 32. curly parsley 20.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia camphorata. American elderberry 15.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. 56. red currant gray santolina 13. sweet 37. weed chive 48. lemon 50.Lobelia siphilitica.foxglove 7. monkshood upright yew 17.Ilex opaca.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Dictamnus albus. clematis 11. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Cornus florida. Robert verbena Brydon'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . green 40. Viola odorata.Aconitum napellus. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. yellow 55.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Digitalis grandiflora. butterfly 47. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Ipomoea alba. white evergreen azalea 16.Ribes sativum.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Achillea filipendula 60. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Asclepias tuberosa.Nepeta × faassenii.Crataegus phaenopyrum. 8. lovage 34. 54.Malus hupehensis. 29.Clematis 'Mrs. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Dianthus × allwoodii.Levisticum officinale.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. catmint 53.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. Lavandula angustifolia.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Galium mollugo. alpine 28. American marjoram Yellow'. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. 39.Tropaeolum minus.Santolina virens.Allium senescens var. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. blue 38. lobelia Sherbert'.Petroselinum crispum var.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. even though the growing area is not extensive. are raised with bricks on edge. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. an impression of Sol in it. Well-drained as they are. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > .< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. A birdbath of copper. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. The four herb beds. repeats again the octagonal form.
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Pelargonium graveolens.Allium tuberosum.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Joan E. lavender 15.Thymus × citriodorus.Lavandula dentata. dill 18.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. bush basil 23. lemon 30.Ocimum basilicum. curly parsley 32.Thymus praecox subsp.Poterium sanguisorba. Stachys byzantina.Mentha × piperita. silver mound artemisia 8. sativa. 43.Pelargonium denticulatum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. French tarragon 7. curly mint 3.Salvia officinalis. 42.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Artemisia abrotanum.Pelargonium tomentosum. English thyme horehound 2. variegated garden sage 37. 28. peppermint 4. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Marrubium vulgare. sweet woodruff 9.Salvia sclarea. rosemary 33. prostrate rosemary 34. sweet basil 22. catmint 6.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. golden variegated garden sage 38.Ruta graveolens. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Aloysia triphylla. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Petroselinum crispum var. purple variegated garden sage 36. 16. spearmint southernwood 5. angustifolia. Semple. 1.Santolina 25. white creeping thyme 12.Heliotropium arborescens. rue 35. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Artemisia dracunculus var. 29. thyme salad burnet 40. clove pink 10.Pelargonium odoratissimum. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. lemon 39. Galium odoratum. 27. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Mentha spicata. Anethum graveolens. lamb's-ears 17. orange santolina geranium 11. 19. French 26.Nepeta mussinii.Pelargonium crispum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. heliotrope 31. absinthe 20.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon 41. crispum. purple basil 24. Artemisia absinthium. clary 21.
A birdbath may replace the pool. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. and lantana are a few. rose. too. lemon verbena. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. a toolhouse. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. if neither is available. A suitable fence. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. < previous page page_52 next page > . flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. rose geranium.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
bush basil 5. A.Heliotropium arborescens. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Santolina virens.Artemisia absinthium 11. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Aloysia triphylla. The number in each planting area is the key number.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 1. geranium 16.L. crispum.Pelargonium frutetorum.S.Thymus × citriodorus. zonal geranium 19. lavender 3.Tanacetum vulgare var.Chenopodium botrys. gray santolina chamomile 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Pelargonium × blandfordianum. woolly thyme 15. 13. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. fern-leaf tansy 8.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. Thymus praecox subsp. 9. Landscape Architect.A. lemon thyme 20.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Chamaemelum nobile. sweet santolina marjoram 6. heliotrope 21. green 12.Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'. lemon 10.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 2.Origanum majorana. verbena ambrosia 4. rosescented geranium 17. zonal geranium 18. absinthe 'Minimum'. 7.
The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. the design is clearly traced. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. artemisias. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Box and holly enclose it all. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. box. Hyssop hedges define the circles. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. As the snows melt. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. The dwarf box frames the focal point. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. a sundial. a deep mauve to others. These can easily obliterate a design. Angelica. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. apothecary's rose. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. mints. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. but the design itself has endured forty years. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac.
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Tropaeolum majus.Arisaema dracontium. weld 54. 65. blue 50. 26. 48.Symphytum officinale. bronze 64. absinthe 34. Chamaemelum nobile. rosemary 25.Lilium candidum. yew Beauty'.Reseda luteola.Galium odoratum. French thyme Madonna lily 16. 59. Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Helleborus atrorubens 12. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rue 23.Lavandula angustifolia. orris box 22. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Valeriana officinalis. masterwort 69.Buxus sempervirens.Asarum europaeum. lamb's-ears 33.Taxus.James D. daffodil 17. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet woodruff45. thrift 41.Vitis.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Alchemilla alpina. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Sium sisarum. garden sage Christmas rose 10. dyer's woad 9. 55. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. marjoram lungwort crispum. arcticus 38.Thymus praecox subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 39. Graham. 'Albus'.Pyrus communis.Stachys byzantina. Dianthus caryophyllus.Asclepias tuberosa.Monarda fistulosa. winter savory 32.Iris × germanica var.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Thymus praecox subsp. skirret 53. 56. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Astrantia major. dwarf edging box 21. white creeping thyme French'. chamomile 31. germander 43. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.47.Isatis tinctoria. fern-leaf tansy 5.Helleborus orientalis. clove pink 29. Origanum majorana. green santolina 24.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Melissa officinalis. florentina. Pelargonium in variety.Pulmonaria officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. lilac 70. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Lavandula dentata.Sedum telephium. crimson creeping thyme 18.Perillafrutescens. nasturtium 28. feverfew 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Sempervivum tectorum. green.Paeonia officinalis.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Syringa. blue hyssop 42.Santolina neapolitana 36. scented. wild 52. 58. Satureja montana. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Alchemilla vulgaris. piney 44. lady's-mantle 46. perilla 51.Tanacetum vulgare var.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. orris 57.Lamium album. Canadian burnet 13. arcticus 40. alpine 60.Allium schoenoprasum. 62.Origanum onites.Armeria maritima. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. apothecary's rose lavender 20.63.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. grape fennel 19.Artemisia absinthium.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. gray 37.30.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus praecox subsp. white 66. valerian 6. southernwood 2.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Helleborus niger. white dead 49. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Myrrhis odorata. sweet 27.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. 67. butterfly weed35.
" and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. include this one. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. They are small specialty beds. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. If there is room for only one rambler rose. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. but no panacea for the maintenance required. At the top of the steps. In addition to the brick edging around each. with buds of red. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. The large. The brick edging around each bed is a help. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. pink. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. However. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. rising from the courtyard. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. < previous page page_56 next page > . Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. Rosa 'Albertine'.
lemon balm 42. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 40.Borago officinalis. winter savory 41.Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 4. alpine strawberry 3.Melissa officinalis. subsp.Tanacetum vulgare.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 22. rhubarb 2.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. caraway 24. bush basil 43. Carum carvi. Angelica archangelica. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. foxglove 39. English thyme .Rheum rhabarbarum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 23. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. 1. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. angelica 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. tansy Bois'.Satureja montana. Lavandula angustifolia.
muscosa 15.Chenopodium 55. Consolida ambigua.Artemisia dracunculus 44.R.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.R.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lemon 51.Chrysanthemum 46.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. clove pink Mammoth'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.R. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. geranium in 30. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. citrata. prostrate rosemary 16.'Baronne Prevost'. curly parsley 26. bourbon rose 10. Pelargonium graveolens. pineapple34. Hyssopus officinalis. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Mentha × piperita var.R.Origanum majorana. Mexican tea 18.R. 29.Laurus nobilis.sativa. 36. 56. pot 50.Teucrium chamaedrys.R. Irish-lace 48. 49. blue hyssop 25. centifolia 'Cristata'.Marrubium vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba.Anethum graveolens 47. cheddar pink 53.R. centifolia var. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.R.Aloysia triphylla.Satureja hortensis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Allium schoenoprasum. 54. 35. French'. var. 31.Dianthus Victoria'.Salvia elegans. Thymus 'Argenteus'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. silver 27.Calendula officinalis. thyme frutescens. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. salad 7. rose 28.Petroselinum crispum var. French 33.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. marguerite chive 9.Pelargonium.Chrysanthemum. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. 45. musk rose 12. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Lavandula dentata. centifolia.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.6.'Albertine'.Tagetes filifolia. sweet 37.
Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Laid in an unusual pattern. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. as it should be. Balance is augmented. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. too. It is near the house. < previous page page_58 next page > .
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
24.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. double white peony 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. chive lemon verbena 6. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. 21. blue hyssop 13. white creeping thyme 4. 23. lavender 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Heliotropium arborescens. green 22. 19.Thymus praecox subsp. A.Lucile Teeter Kissack. English'. 16.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum majorana.Myosotis sylvatica. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Santolina virens.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Allium schoenoprasum. gray 15.Satureja hortensis. 17. The number in each planting area is the key number.L. Landscape Architect.S. heliotrope 3. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . dill 9.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. arcticus 'Albus'. santolina moss rose 7.Anethum graveolens. dwarf edging box 8.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. sweet basil 14.Hyssopus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.A. angustifolia 'Munstead'. 1.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. 20. English thyme signet marigold 11. rosemary yellow viola 10.
it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. and the grape arbor. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. and a comfortable. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. too. potted lemon verbena. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. < previous page page_60 next page > . winter pruned. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The grape vines. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Herbs. the fence with roses. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Valeriana officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Galium odoratum. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. three. Teucrium chamaedrys. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. 3. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. BED II germander BED IV 2. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Aloysia triphylla. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. sweet climbing rose. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. lemon Linum perenne. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Althaea officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. marsh climbing rose. conical yew rosemary 1. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Iris cristata. Nepeta mussinii. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears Santolina virens.Amsonia tabernaemontana. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. purple variegated garden sage 4. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus.
Thymus × citriodorus. tuberosa 6.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. lemon Anemone hybrida. Chamaemelum nobile. lavender 10. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. fairy rose Giant'. creeping thyme in variety 8. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Delphinium × belladonna. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. lemon thyme 9. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. catmint 5. plume Baptisia australis. Rosmarinus officinalis. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus. houseleek in variety 7. Sempervivum. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. beach Marrubium vulgare. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.
an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Herbs. planted in bands across these beds. silver. holly. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. tend to broaden the width of the garden. blue green. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. myrtle. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. magnolia. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Ivy. Later. grew too large. if desired. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. and bright green in the herb beds. its detail is shown below. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Either it flourished too well. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Another angle could be tried with these.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
49.Marrubium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 29. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Chamaemelum nobile. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. horehound germander 17. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Lavandula angustifolia.Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. English'. Ocimum basilicum 22.Thymus doerfleri. gray santolina 15.19. English ivy burnet 10.Melissa officinalis. 'Minimum'. purple basil savory 35. lime geranium 4. 44. 6.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. dwarf 21. lamb's. arcticus 'Albus'. French 27.Rumex scutatus.Levisticum officinale. thyme 37.Artemisia dracunculus var. winter 'Purpurascens'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. bee balm30. dwarf edging box 11. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Monarda didyma. lemon 46. purple garden sage 7.Artemisia abrotanum. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. French thyme 39.Vinca minor. Ruta graveolens. bay rosemary 12. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha suaveolens.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium fragrans. English thyme chamomile 2. white creeping thyme 41. lovage 48. sweet 34.Myrica pensylvanica.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. bayberry balm thyme 13. woolly thyme 8. 1.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. silver-king artemisia 23. Tropaeolum minus.Pelargonium graveolens. 33. Borago officinalis. thyme 38.Thymus carnosus. Ocimum basilicum 24. myrtle 47. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. rue 20.Magnolia grandiflora.Thymus herba-barona. caraway thyme 40. sweet woodruff 36.Thymus × citriodorus. spearmint 42.Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil albula. Stachys byzantina. box chamaecyparissus. 25.Ilex opaca. salad 43.Laurus nobilis. American holly 31.Buxus sempervirens 14.Poterium sanguisorba. borage 26. ears rose geranium 3.Hedera helix. 28.Pelargonium × nervosum.Mentha spicata.Satureja montana. tansy 45.Thymus praecox subsp.Galium odoratum.
The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. The four potted bay. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. It is located for the best viewing. < previous page page_64 next page > . maypoles. The use of flagstone. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. adding to the space for walking. accent this prime focal point even more. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. potted shrubs. There is variety in the walks. It is a large garden. and treessome of which are espaliered. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. too. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. brick. standards. Laurus nobilis.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. too.
Johnny-jump. musty oakscented geranium 5. fragrans. winter 27.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Satureja montana.50. wild 28. 49. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.odoratissimum.Calendula officinalis.P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. pot 52.P. 51.Viola tricolor.acerifolium. apple English thyme up geranium 3. 26. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.P. lemon 29. 1. Thymus × citriodorus. 25.Nigella damascena.Chrysanthemum balsamita.53.quercifolium. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.Chenopodium botrys. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.P. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.P. love-in.
Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. wild thyme 31. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Origanum majorana.Fragaria vesca.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon geranium 33. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Allium senescens var. 57. crispum.P.Thymus praecox subsp. French tarragon Rose'. lemon 65. peppermint 67. 71. Chamaemelum nobile. bronze 38.P. tomentosum.Monarda didyma.Levisticum officinale.Petroselinum crispum.Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage 54.Malus. bee balm 63. crispum 'Minor'.Aloysia triphylla.Melissa officinalis. lettuce 39.P. horehound 46.Allium schoenoprasum.× nervosum.Acorus calamus.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. parsley 35. glutinosum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. orange geranium 23. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. radens 'Dr. pine crispum. salad 42. classic 21.Poncirus trifoliata. arcticus43.Tanacetum vulgare var. cherry tomato chive 17. crowfoot 70.Lavandula angustifolia.Anethum graveolens.Thymus serpyllum. 44. blue hyssop 10.Marrubium vulgare. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.P.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Mentha pulegium. rosemary 9. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. sweet 37. pheasant's. camphor-scented geranium 69. lemon geranium 56.P. lemon-rose geranium 22.P.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. box 19. forsythia 'Albus'.P. Hyssopus officinalis.P. 61.6. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Pelargonium crispum. rose geranium66. lemon balm 45. strawberry 48.Myrtus communis. denticulatum. lettuce 40. sweet flag 16. graveolens. lemon 47.P.Laurus nobilis. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. denticulatum 11.Salvia caerulea. chamomile 8.P. English lavender 32. 58. lime geranium 55. 64.Forsythia.Foeniculum vulgare.P.Mentha. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Achilleafilipendula. white sweet yarrow violet 13.P. 41.P. radens. bay 20. golden lemon thyme 7. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Salvia officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum dictamnus. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Viola odorata. white creeping thyme geranium 68. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. 62.Malus angustifolia.Artemisia abrotanum. dill 36. fern-leaf 60. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.72.Livingston'.
something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The result is one of sculptured elegance. and Allium karataviense. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. < previous page page_66 next page > . The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. green santolina. This is a large garden by any standard. In keeping with this feeling. too. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
chive 4.Satureja montana. Baker. apple mint 13. dwarf garden 17. garden sage 18. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Levisticum officinale. 15.Thymus × citriodorus. gray 10.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Thymus praecox subsp. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. winter savory 9.Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativa. arcticus.Salvia officinalis. blue hyssop 16.Allium moly.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Santolina virens. lemon 11. wormwood fennel 2.Artemisia frigida. green santolina 14. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Florence B. French tarragon schoenoprasum. Mentha suaveolens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Liriope muscari.Hyssopus officinalis. fringed 7. big blue lilyturf 12. Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium christophii. 8. 1.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. and the front porch of the house.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the upper deck. the square. < previous page page_70 next page > . Many herb gardens could provide this. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the circle. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. for the box after new spring growth. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. chamomile 2. lemon 8.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf edging box 7.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. dwarf myrtle 6. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Satureja montana.The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. viola 3.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. Italian cypress 9.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Cupressus sempervirens.Cedrus deodara. winter savory 4.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.
< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Coin with Tudor rose design. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Paths are gravel. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. as it was with this plan. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. from Peter Coats.. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Roses. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
rosemary 16. blue hyssop 2.Iris pseudacorus. sweet marjoram 3. 25.Anemone pulsatilla. Foeniculum vulgare. Origanum majorana.Primula vulgaris. Hyssopus officinalis.Viola tricolor.Satureja montana.Myrtus communis.Melissa officinalis. caraway 35. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Crocus sativus.Ruta graveolens.Buxus sempervirens. classic myrtle 18. fennel 21.Viola odorata.Crithmum maritimum. Madonna 23.Lilium candidum. lettuce 28. clove20. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. 19.Poterium sanguisorba. monkshood27. winter 32. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. salad burnet 10. wild thyme 5. lemon balm 31. Dianthus caryophyllus. saffron lily crocus 12. spearmint 30.Primula elatior.Mentha spicata. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Bellis perennis. mallow 13. 1.Mentha × piperita. pot marigold 15.Fragaria vesca.The number in each planting area is the key number. oxlip 17. sweet violet 6. 22. 34.Petroselinum crispum. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. Thymus serpyllum.Fumaria officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. Eryngium maritimum. earth 24. yellow flag 26. chamomile 4. Chamaemelum nobile. English daisy 36. rue 33. parsley 29. absinthe peppermint 8.Aconitum napellus.Calendula officinalis.Lactuca sativa.Carum carvi. Malva sylvestris.
Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. along with a measure of fragrance. However. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. most of the blooms are nightscented. silver mound. its tufted. plumed. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > ." Concrete blocks. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. Selected for this reason. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. white. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. white blooms and woolly. spurred. but Always Love. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above.
Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Lilium candidum. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. pink 15.Galium odoratum. Santolina chamaecyparissus.19. horehound 2. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. petunia 30. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. white 32.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. silver 16.Dictamnus albus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lamb's. 'Albus'.Marrubiam vulgare. white . Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 17. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. silver mound artemisia 3.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Stachys byzantina. sweet 31. 1.Galanthus nivalis.
tulip 37.Lunaria annua.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. rose 40.Ipomoea alba. white 27. Viola odorata.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. sweet violet 20. lily-ofthe-valley 11. tulip 38. lavender 12. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Polianthes tuberosa.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Iris × germanica var.Convallaria majalis. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rose 41. 28. white stock absinthe 10. 25. Adam's.6. 26. white 22. clary 24. albula. tuberose 36.Artemisia stellerana.Salvia sclarea. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Artemisia ludoviciana. orris 8. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. needle florentina.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. daffodil 35. Yucca filamentosa. 23.Hesperis matronalis. western mugwort 7. dame's honesty rocket 14.Matthiola incana.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. moonflower 39. Artemisia absinthium.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Artemisia ludoviciana var.21. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . Artemisia lactiflora.
An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Rather. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. textures. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. related to an old mill reconstruction. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. This herb garden. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. required their use as an educational adjunct. too. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Many of these herbs lack the hues. < previous page page_76 next page > .
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
38.Convallaria majalis.Morus rubra or alba.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Tagetes erecta. French 33. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 26.Hypericum perforatum.Mahonia aquifolium. yellow 55. alkanet 52. Boehmeria nivea.Anchusa officinalis. sisal 27.Indigofera tinctoria. madder 54.Rubia tinctorum.Coptis trifolia. peach bracken sorrel 19. 48.Pteridium aquilinum. fuller's 30. 20.46. 32.Rudbeckia hirta.Agrimonia eupatoria..Solidago species.Galium odoratum. ramie 24.Genista tinctoria. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Dipsacus sativus.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. sumac poke 17.Anthemis tinctoria.Reseda luteola.Ligustrum vulgare. 47.Filipendula ulmaria. dyer's broom safflower 6. Agave fourcroydes. blueberry 13. 39. Manila 25. privet marigold 15. 37.Cladrastis lutea. broad 42.Rhus typhina.Parmelia conspersa.Galium verum. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. golden 40. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Cytisus scoparius.Phytolacca americana. Linum usitatissimum.Monarda didyma. Sansevieria trifasciata.Berberis vulgaris. Agave sisalana. 53. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. lily. 28. Hibiscus cannabinus. Musa textilis.Crocus sativus. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . garden 56.Coreopsis tinctoria. 1. stinging nettle44. sweet 49.Rumex obtusifolius. weld 57. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Hydrastis canadensis. henequen marigold bearberry 8. St.Sanguinaria canadensis. black-eyed 50. 23. onion China jute 4.Carthamus tinctorius. flax 21.Cotinus coggygria. goldthread 41.Allium cepa. 22.Urtica dioica. dyer's 31. Gossypium hirsutum.Furcraea hexapetala.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Scotch broom hemp 7. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Prunus persica. 35.Tagetes patula.Viburnum acerifolium. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Genista germanica. 34. African 45.Chelidonium majus. woad Susan laevifolium. Abutilon theophrasti. 29.Isatis tinctoria. 43.Rumex acetosa.51. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. bee 36. queen.
at each end of the garden and at each entrance. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Elsewhere. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. as well as the roses. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. < previous page page_78 next page > . It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. A totally appealing edging.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
cl. 1. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Sombreuil'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. cl. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. rambler 20. 22. cl. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Legras de St. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'American Pillar'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Mme. cl. 24. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Belle Amour' 6. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 18. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 25. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Mignonette' 5.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 23. 'Queen of the Prairies'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. rambler 19. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Empress Josephine' 7.
but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. The notch of four square feet. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. < previous page page_80 next page > . this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
26. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.B. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. celery Group. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.A. ruby swiss chard var. Capsicum annuum var. celery Bed 9.C.C. garlic chive 44. C. annuum 'Pinocchio'. 48. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.sativa 'Ruby'. Petroselinum crispum var.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. chive 42. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.A. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. dulce 'Utah 5270'.A. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. annuum 'Fips'.B. graveolens var. C. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. tuberosum. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. 22. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. C.A. C.S. oleracea 'Red Acre'.C. 27.A. C. annuum 'Variegata'. 29. kohlrabi Rock'. lycopersicum var. 30.B. 45. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. crispum 'Banquet'. leek 5.S. graveolens var.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. red 37.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. red-flowered kale 6.C. pear Purple Vienna'. 39.A. graveolens var. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. giant garlic var.C. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. celery I 31. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.B. annuum 'Mosaic'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. annuum 'Teno'.Cichorium intybus.Solanum melongena var.B. dulce 47.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. sprouts celery 8. 24. 32. annuum 'Black Prince'. Boerner. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.B. shallot Lakes'.A. 25. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. white-flowered kale 49. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.L.A. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. C. red 38. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.A. cepa Proliferum Group.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. annuum 'Golden Bell'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . 40. oleracea 'Green Parade'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. curly eggplant parsley 23. cherry tomato 34.B. oleracea 'Prima'. scorodoprasum. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. schoenoprasum.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.Apium graveolens var. C. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. annuum 'Nosegay'.B. melongena 1. annuum 'Red Boy'. 28.L.B.B. dulce 50. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.C. Beauty'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.B. eggplant 43.esculentum 'Long Black'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. melongena 2.
Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. for each is a complete entity. arcs. All of the circles. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. and golden thyme. When viewed from the terrace above. winter savory. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. grossularioides.P. × nervosum 'Torento'. Santolina virens. The number in each planting area is the key number. tomentosum. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.Melissa R. oak-leaved geranium 16. 17. lemon geranium 22. × domesticum 6. germander crowfoot geranium 21. A. pungent-scented geranium 25. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P. lime geranium Rose'.P.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus.A.Myrica pensylvanica. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. radens 'Dr.Ilex glabra.P. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P. 19. graveolens.P.P. Teucrium chamaedrys. 1. maple-leaved 18. crispum. odoratissimum.P. 15.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. winter 13.× fragrans 'Variegatum'..P. P.P. golden 11. Satureja montana.' lemon geranium 23. crispum 'French Lace.P.P. gooseberry geranium 24. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. scabrum. Landscape Architect. Marshall.P. orange geranium 8. Assoc.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.S. rose-scented geranium 4. peppermint 26. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. apricot geranium28. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . rose geranium 27.× nervosum.L. apple gray santolina geranium 3. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. acerifolium. green 14. P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. inkberry geranium 9. 29. 12. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. P. Livingston'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.
To ease the care for a more complicated design. texture. blue hyssop 3. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. and growth to the plants of the knot design. Its interspaces can be mulched. filled with plants that have contrasting color. especially when it is blooming. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. which is framed with a brick edging. on page 37. such as a dwarf edging box. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Lavandula angustifolia. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast.Hyssopus officinalis. English lavender 2. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. sand. 1. closed knot design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.Santolina virens. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Maintenance is high for a knot. or marble chips. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. For the knot to look its best at all times. . was planted using edging box only.
green santolina 2. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box 4. gray santolina 3. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.
Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. herba-barona. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. 1.officinalis 'Tricolor'. Teucrium chamaedrys. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.S. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. rosemary creeping thyme 2. 'Munstead'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. creeping thymes. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.T. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. which are confined to that area. The knot material is maintained at six inches. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. 8.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. white 7. praecox subsp. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. variegated garden sage . In another departure from the usual. fig 4. caraway thyme 9. the height of the edging. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. Some maintenance is required for clipping. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. arcticus 'Albus'. which is found more often out in the open.T. purple variegated 11.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Teucrium canadense.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. American germander 3. gray santolina 2. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. germander .
Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
again laid on edge. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. adding another facet to an appealing design.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. a complement for the colors of the plant material. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. < previous page page_88 next page > . The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. pleasing color. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. which are also laid on edge. each one a quarter-circle.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. grenadin pink chamomile 4. 16.Salvia clevelandii.Crithmum maritimum. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fern-leaf yarrow 27. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf gray santolina 20. blue sage 13. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. dwarf 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia frigida. 18.Stachys byzantina. lavender 8.Teucrium fruticans. silver sage 15. silver thyme 6. samphire14.Anthemis tinctoria. silver horehound 19. tree artemisia 26. Russian sage 24. glaucum 11. lavender 9.Lavandula dentata var.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French lavender 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. candicans. woolly yarrow 23.Marrubium incanum. gray santolina 2.Allium senescens var.Anthemis marschalliana. curry plant 7.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. lavender 5.Salvia argentea.Helichrysum angustifolium.Artemisia arborescens.Santolina neapolitana 10.Leontopodium alpinum. 1. 17. golden marguerite 25. rue 21.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Santolina chamaecyparissus. tree germander 22. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.
< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. basil. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. sweet marjoram. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. are without number. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. and the savories. Styles of containers. As with other plant material. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. If one is familiar with herbs. Some are rosemary. oregano. < previous page page_90 next page > . The color of the container plays a lesser role. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. lady's-mantle. which include hanging baskets. thyme.
the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance. < previous page page_91 next page > .
< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. < previous page page_92 next page > .
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
A. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. LandscapeArchitect. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. < previous page page_95 next page > . such an outlay would be unwarranted.S. However. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Of course supervision is necessary. A. If children's interest is not sustained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.L.
< previous page page_96 next page > . A sundial can be fun and also educational. Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two." selected for their greater fragrance. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. These are ''old roses. too. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. they are easily handpicked. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. Instead of benches on the patio. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Children in this age group can help with the construction.
L.A. A.S. .< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Landscape Architect.
lovage 12.Petroselinum crispum var. damask rose 32. 19.Origanum majorana.Rosa damascena.Salvia officinalis. Dianthus plumarius. 1.Allium senescens var. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. American 21.Calendula officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. Nigella damascena. southernwood 5. alpine strawberry 3. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Salvia sclarea.Chenopodium botrys. 13. Petroselinum crispum var.Allium sativum var. ambrosia 2. borage 15. English lavender 7. pot marigold 8. dill pennyroyal 11.Tropaeolum minus.Allium moly. horehound 26. cottage pink 18. glaucum 31. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. summer savory 22. 20. dwarf 6. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja hortensis.Hedeoma pulegioides. catnip 27.Rosa gallica. garden sage 24. dyer's bush basil woad 9. love-in-a-mist 14. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. garlic chive 29. ophioscorodon. neapolitanum.Artemisia camphorata. Borago officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Artemisia abrotanum. crispum.Anethum graveolens. 16.The number in each planting area is the key number. Italian parsley 23. English lavender 4.Nepeta cataria.Isatis tinctoria.Allium tuberosum. Levisticum officinale. clary 25. lily leek 30.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.rocambole 28.Lavandula angustifolia.
The design is a medley of shapes and textures. not noted on the plan. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The sculptures. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. < previous page page_98 next page > . it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. All are inviting to the touch. are a seal and a turtle. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The oval. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. previously used as a skating rink.
Landscape Architect.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R. F. .A.A.
lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. fleabane Stellaria. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. mint Galium odoratum. bee balm Satureja montana. English Tussilago farfara. winter savory Mentha. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. marigold Salvia officinalis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. cowslip Linaria. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. chamomile Mentha. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . Greek Stachys byzantina. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. Allium schoenoprasum. borage Tanacetum vulgare. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. Nepeta cataria. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. fat-hen Primula veris. Foeniculum vulgare. tansy Monarda didyma. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. bee orchid Erigeron. duckweed Antennaria. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. dog violet Lemna. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. mint Tagetes. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. coltsfoot Mimulus. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Trifolium pratense.
it is a most satisfying growing situation. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. and old barn beams another about the same height.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. feverfew. Its plant list. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. developed particularly for study. a mint. < previous page page_101 next page > . Still. Here. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. are superb for displaying potted herbs. for an old barn foundation of stone. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. its wooden structure long gone. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Their height eases the task of weeding. Instead. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. an exceedingly long one. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A number of wooden window frames. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
white creeping thyme 97.Marrubium vulgare.A. 'Clear Gold'. calamint valerian 24. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. sweet cicely 94.S. silver thyme 105. apple wormwood geranium 8. 50.T.Achillea millefolium. × citriodorus.Aloysia triphylla.P. fern-leaf tansy 95. yarrow herb Robert 4.A. 43. 55.Plantago major. crispum.T.O. arcticus 'Albus'. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. basilicum 'Minimum'.A. crimson creeping thyme 96.Digitalis purpurea. 60.Ruta graveolens.Calendula officinalis.Angelica archangelica. pallasianus.Teucrium chamaedrys.T.-John'swort 91.T. plantain 80. arcticus 'Coccineus'. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 61. purple basil English lavender 18.Campanula rapunculus.Levisticum officinale. bee balm lovage 20. celandine madder 79. 44. sweet 53. stellerana. alpine savory 89.O.Calamintha grandiflora. bee balm57. rampion 81. nitidus. sweet violet 40. 66. officinalis 'Purpurea'. creeping veronica . lesser 67.Alchemilla vulgaris.T.Monarda didyma. basilicum 56. richardii subsp.Stachys officinalis.O.Hyssopus officinalis. woolly thyme 101.Myrrhis odorata. praecox subsp. lemon 52. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Lychnis coronaria. basil blue hyssop 15. skirret 90. 'Purpurascens'.Euphorbia cyparissias. 42.Stachys grandifora 93.Acinos alpinus.T 'Argenteus'. southernwood ground cherry 10. thyme 102. betony 92.Melissa officinalis. absinthe 51. rosemary 82. caraway thyme 103.Ocimum basilicum. southernwood houseleek 12. 48. odorous thyme 104. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. garden sage 84. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Genista tinctoria. graveolens.O.Veronica serpyllifolia. purple variegated garden sage 85.Asarum canadense.Agastache cana.Rubia tinctorum.Pulmonaria officinalis. wormwood germander 9. golden variegated garden sage 86.Salvia officinalis. praecox subsp. winter savory 88. 54.Chelidonium majus.Galium odoratum.S.Satureja montana. Roman 46. sweet 41.S. abrotanum. odoratissimum. dyer's woodruff broom 3. French tarragon geranium 7. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.P. rose costmary campion 23.Campanula persicifolia.Artemisia dracunculus var.A.Viola odorata.Echium vulgare. 62.Poterium sanguisorba.49.Digitalis lanata.Agastache foeniculum. catmint 63.Physalis heterophylla. pot marigold 25.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. beach 47. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. 1.Hypericum perforatum.A. golden thyme 98.Tanacetum vulgare var.M.O. lemon thyme 100.Nepeta mussinii. pink 58. rose sativa. Grecian 59.Geranium robertianum. onites.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Ranunculus ficaria. marsh mallow 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. golden lemon thyme 99.T. absinthium. camphorata. 64. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Pelargonium crispum. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. didyma 'Rosea'. majorana.T. angelica lemon geranium 5. mosquito plant 19. viper's 65.T. 45.Sempervivum tectorum.Viola tricolor. tomentosum.Sium sisarum. sweet celandine marjoram 28. camphor.P.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp. balm horehound 14. lemon verbena 106. variegated garden sage 87.Valeriana officinalis. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. herba-barona.Althaea officinalis. pontica.A. golden marjoram 26. rue 83. St. foxglove 2.
M.Chamaemelum nobile. garlic 111. tree onion 112.cepa. chicory 70. blattaria.M. feverfew cinerariifolium. cowslip 72. moth 113. chervil 68. pin cherry 39.Anthriscus cerefolium. 73. curry plant mullein 35.Isatis tinctoria. ostrowskianum 34. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Sorbaria sorbifolia. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. wild 116. Proliferum Group. spicata. red mint comfrey 33.Origanum vulgare. 114.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Dianthus plumarius 75. 71. orange mint 32.Verbascum thapsus. × gentilis. orach115. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. apple mint 69. veronica 108. Madonna lily leucanthemum. yucca 109.V. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Mentha suaveolens.Symphytum officinale.29. chamomile 30.Lilium candidum. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Chrysanthemum 74.Prunus pensylvanica. suaveolens 'Variegata'. citrata.Cichorium intybus. × piperita var. 76.Veronica officinalis.M.Allium sativum. spearmint 107.A. pineapple mint 31.Lysimachia vulgaris.Primula veris.Myrtus communis.Yucca filamentosa.Atriplex hortensis. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Laurus nobilis.Helichrysum angustifolium. evening 77.Origanum dictamnus.Chrysanthemum 78. dyer's woad 110.M.A.Oenothera biennis.
creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. not just hiding it. A statue of St. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. of good proportion for the size of the opening. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. Francis.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. < previous page page_104 next page > . its outline constructed of brick. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. but not obvious. A wheelshaped bed. where a selection of planters increases the planting area.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. only those not found on other lists are noted here. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. lion's-ear prismaticum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. labdanum Cistus crispus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. AREA VI japonica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. poet's Solidago californica. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. white Justicia carnea. Eleocharis dulcis. Cestrum nocturnum. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. Eriobotrya japonica. menthifolia. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Sidney Ephedra viridis. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. potato Brassica eruca. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. cat Watsonia rosea. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. loquat Cichorium intybus. Vetiveria zizanioides.
One is a garden of legends. to name a few. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. an "old rose" and fragrant. is a center of interest. < previous page page_106 next page > . its pattern bordered in correct proportion. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. but also for proper leaf size. scented-leaf geraniums. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. or potpourri.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. and a third a culinary garden. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. not only for hardiness where needed. emphasizes the circle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. another a Mary garden. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. The exterior brick path.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Chrysanthemum balsamita. Hyssopus officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive bedstraw 16.Salvia officinalis. dill 11.19. Anethum graveolens.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. rue 28. sweet 21.Ocimum basilicum.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Mentha spicata.Rosmarinus officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. Chamaemelum nobile.Hedera helix. absinthe 4. black 23. costmary 6. chamomile 3. 1.Crocus sativus. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pyrethrum 5. Linum usitatissimum. 27. white dead 24.Brassica nigra. Viola tricolor. saffron crocus marigold 7. lady's.Alchemilla vulgaris.Allium schoenoprasum.Lamium album. sweet marjoram basil 12.Galium verum.Ruta graveolens.Calendula officinalis.20.Origanum majorana. Angelica archangelica. hyssop rose 9. garden up sage 10. blue 18. Johnny-jump. flax 17.The number in each planting area is the key number. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . English thyme 13. spearmint 22.Narcissus mustard 14. yellow 25. pot 26. English ivy rosemary 8. angelica 2.
No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. < previous page page_108 next page > .< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure.
Cotinus coggygria. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. thyme Cnicus benedictus. beach Monarda didyma. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. sweet Myrtus communis.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Myrrhis odorata. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. peppermint Laurus nobilis. rue Malva alcea var. lemon balm Mentha spicata. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. fastigiata. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. clove Marrubium vulgare. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Russian 'Prostratus'. Artemisia absinthium. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. spearmint Mentha × piperita. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. perennial flax Galium odoratum. blue Lamium maculatum. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. bay Echeveria × imbricata. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. millstones. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. simply on a smaller scale.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. features a closed knot of superior design. This is a general rule observed. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. and huge. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. Appropriately used as accents. Viewed from the terrace garden. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. The generous use of edgings. too. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. < previous page page_110 next page > .
Design plan of herb garden 1. of greater size than is commonly found. The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 7. six feet in diameter. has its size dictated by a rule of design.S.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Santolina virens.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. cheddar pink 4. germander 2. A. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. dwarf box .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Routine clipping is required. angustifolia 'Munstead'. and the mulch.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. blue hyssop 3. 'Tiny Rubies'. green santolina 6. that of good proportion.L.A.Hyssopus officinalis. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. Landscape Architect. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. lavender 5.
sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. japonica. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. honey locust Cornus florida. goat willow Sassafras albidum. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. shadbush Salix caprea. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. quince Magnolia virginiana. box Calycanthus fioridus. box Myrica pensylvanica. dogwood Pinus nigra. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. beach plum Corylus avellana. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. plum Prunus maritima. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . black haw Prunus americana.
As a rule. Lavandula. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. doerfleri T. 'Doone Valley' . 'Annie Hall' T. Currently. and a miscellany of others. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. silver thyme T. 'Argenteus'. caraway thyme T. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. arcticus T. praecox subsp. Rosmarinus. herba-barona. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Salvia. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. However. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. leucotrichus T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. arcticus 'Rosea' T. its plant material varied. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. praecox subsp. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect.
angustifolia subsp. angustissimus. praecox subsp. golden thyme T. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. anise sage S. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. golden rosemary R. greggii. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. heterophylla. involucrata. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. 'Clear Gold'. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia subsp. woolly thyme T. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. pine-scented rosemary R. sweet lavender L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Aurea'. guaranitica. dentata. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. ramie . leucantha. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustifolia. English lavender L. crimson creeping thyme T. autumn sage S. angustifolia subsp. blue sage S.T.
Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
rupturewort. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Cheloneglabra. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. L. Smith. Prunella vulgaris. culinary. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. to lure bees. horsetail. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Physostegia virginiana. Primarily. obedient plant. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. for scrubbing pots. family needsmedicinal. Circumstances determined these priorities. Sium sisarum. The apple trees. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. used in salads or boiled. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. The house. a well beside the house.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. balmony. constructed of brick made on the property. Herniaria glabra. to sweeten the air. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Hesperis matronalis. which were located between the water supply. Equisetum arvense. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > .
The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Today. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. too. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. for a few are in use now. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. < previous page page_116 next page > . too. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. while functional.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Punica granatum.Rosmarinus officinalis. 15. pomegranate 3.Malus angustifolia. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Ficus carica. Cape jasmine 10.Lonicera flava. bay 7.Wisteria frutescens.Syringa × persica var. wisteria 13. 16.Sambucus canadensis.Prunus angustifolia. trumpet 11.Laurus nobilis. 1.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. Gardenia jasminoides. rosemary 2.Allium sativum. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Pinus taeda. southern laciniata. fig 6. garlic 9. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Rosa banksiae.Lonicera sempervirens. yellow 12.Lagerstroemia indica. Banksia rose 14.
the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Italy. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The effect would be quite different without them.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Appropriately. too. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. < previous page page_118 next page > .
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Elizabeth Lawrence.Nepeta cataria.Hamamelis virginiana.Teucrium chamaedrys.Levisticum officinale.Colchicum autumnale.Chimaphila umbellata.Ruta graveolens.Mentha pulegium.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Melissa officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. spearmint 62. basil chive 3. bee balm 28.Marrubium vulgare.Cimicifuga racemosa.Anethum graveolens. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Salvia officinalis. 30. rue 56.Calycanthus fioridus. horsemint lobelia 23.Achillea millefolium. black 29. wild ginger69.Allium schoenoprasum. pot 48. 54. foxglove 41. 70.Hypericum perforatum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Asarum virginicum.Crocus sativus. lemon 26.Hyssopus officinalis. myrtle 53.Verbascum thapsus.Monarda didyma. dill 39.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. sweet 64. sweet 27. 38.Gaultheria procumbens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Monarda punctata.Mentha spicata. 61. 50.Dianthus caryophyllus. blue 46. 63.Paeonia officinalis.Cassia marilandica. fennel 40. 33.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. St. clove 36.Punica granatum. peony 51.Artemisia abrotanum. fuller's teasel 67. sativa.Chamaemelum nobile.57. butterfly 32. garden sage 59. sweet shrub 10. peppermint 52. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 45. 68. borage 31. great 47.Sassafras albidum. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Lonicera sempervirens.Borago officinalis. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Eupatorium perfoliatum. yellow-root 7. senna woodruff 15. catnip 34. yaupon pink southernwood 12. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Lilium candidum. box chamomile 9.Rubus allegheniensis. 43.Lavandula angustifolia.Asclepias tuberosa. 1.Vinca minor.Calendula officinalis. yarrow lungwort 22. 60. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. blue 44. dogwood horehound 18.Lobelia siphilitica. saffron crocus 25.Dipsacus sativus. mullein 49. 42. agrimony 58. lovage 35. gray santolina witch hazel 11. 37.Galium odoratum.Armoracia rusticana. American holly 16. 66.Populus balsamifera.Mentha × piperita.Lindera benzoin. sweet flag marigold 24.Foeniculum vulgare.Pinckneya pubens. hyssop sassafras 20.Symphytum officinale.Buxus sempervirens.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Artemisia dracunculus var. 55. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Tanacetum vulgare. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa laevigata. tansy 65.Pulmonaria officinalis.Acorus calamus. white periwinkle spicebush 13. balm autumn crocus 2.Ilex opaca.Cornus florida.Laurus nobilis.Ilex vomitoria.Rosmarinus officinalis.Agrimonia eupatoria.
This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. 1 T. < previous page page_120 next page > . Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. This is true for the remedies. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. and fragrances they developed. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. of herbs for one loaf of bread. preventives. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. In any event. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning.
opium poppy 5.Papaver somniferum. pot marigold 2. foxglove 12.Rosmarinus officinalis. winter savory 4.Viburnum prunifolium.Pyrus communis. caraway 19.Tanacetum vulgare. catnip 16.Digitalis purpurea.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet marjoram 6. tansy 11. garden sage 8.Salvia officinalis.Origanum majorana. lavender lovage 3. quince 24. 14.Carum carvi.Artemisia absinthium.Mentha × piperita. English thyme rosemary 7. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. horsemint 20.Ocimum basilicum.Nepeta cataria. English 10. spearmint 17.Mentha spicata. black haw 23. absinthe 9. 1. sweet basil 13. blue hyssop 21.Monarda punctata. Calendula officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana.Marrubium vulgare. apothecary's rose 22. horehound 15.Cydonia oblonga. peppermint 18.
Shaded by hop vines. Allowed such freedom of expression. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. often it is reconstructed. and if the best has not always survived. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. Some could be used singly. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. The beds are used to achieve balance. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. < previous page page_122 next page > . a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. and bricks raise the beds. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. the other 1761. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. makes it something of a focal point. to study it. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. from early Moravian settlements. centrally located. one dated 1759.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Thus it was for this garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The main paths of brick unify the garden. for example the large square bed with circular path.
Campbell. .< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A.L. Landscape Architect. A.S.
chamomile 17.Melissa officinalis. absinthe 45.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rumex acetosa.Cornusflorida. virgin's bower 40. cockscomb 47.Salvia viridis.Lilium candidum. love. English 78. madder 16. orach 76. comfrey 33. chestnut rose 43. eglantine Group. mugwort67.Nigella sativa.Lagerstroemia indica. spearmint 57.Salvia officinalis.Anethum graveolens. lemon 64.Stachys officinalis.Narcissus tazetta. annual clary 3. autumn crocus 34. polyanthus narcissus 60. 66.Aquilegia vulgaris. hollyhock 51. 62. holy thistle 58. asparagus 31. lavender rose 21. blue 69.Bellis perennis.Vitis.Carum carvi.Humulus lupulus.Saponaria officinalis.Gelsemium sempervirens. garden sage 15. rue 14.Silybum marianum. clary 30. Madonna lily 59.Tanacetum vulgare.Passiflora incarnata.Asparagus officinalis.Rosa moschata. blue 63.Allium schoenoprasum. stock 50.Narcissus poeticus. garlic lungwort 36. betony 82.Allium sativum. sweet 55. dwarf nasturtium 13.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Rosa roxburghii. elecampane 11. catnip 70.Clematis virginiana.Levisticum officinale.Mentha spicata. poet's narcissus 61.Pulmonaria officinalis.Rosa eglanteria.Dianthus caryophyllus.Crocus sativus. damask coriander rose 19. English thyme 2. basil moss rose 44.Celosia cristata. feverfew southern magnolia 27. 48. blessed thistle 8.Rosa damascena.77. garden nasturtium 12. red pepper 20. saffron peppermint crocus 35. lovage 9.Consolida ambigua.Tropaeolum minus. 52.Inula helenium. sorrel 65.Alcea rosea. hyssop maypop 42. cabbage angustifolia.Colchicum autumnale. Carolina jessamine 38.Cercis canadensis. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Hyssopus officinalis.Scabiosa atropurpurea. corn poppy 79.Symphytum officinale. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. borage 5.Rosa gallica. 1.Hydrangea quercifolia. parsley 32.Ficus.Achillea millefolium.Tropaeolum majus.Armoracia rusticana.Papaver rhoeas. marsh mallow 7.Cnicus benedictus.Ruta graveolens. caraway 72. French rose 18. hop southernwood 39.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 81. horehound 56. rosemary49. 74.Rosa centifolia. rhubarb 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia sclarea. 54. columbine 29.Petroselinum crispum.Magnolia grandiflora.Amaranthus caudatus.Artemisia absinthium. grape larkspur 41. fennel marjoram 28. clove 53.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Chrysanthemum parthenium. balm chive 37. daisy crape myrtle 23.Ocimum basilicum. redbud 24.Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita.Chamaemelum nobile.Nepeta cataria.Atriplex hortensis.Matthiola incana. black cumin 46. 80.Foeniculum vulgare.Coriandrum sativum.Rheum rhabarbarum.Borago officinalis. 68.Artemisia vulgaris. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. dill 73.Marrubium vulgare.Rubia tinctorum.Rosmarinus officinalis. yarrow 4.Artemisia abrotanum.Althaea officinalis. sweet 71. tansy 6. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Thus. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Usually this is least desirable. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Although some observations may seem obvious. even boggy. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The next most desirable exposure. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. A ravine and existing. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Calluna (heather). it is proper to make a trial run. This space was never adequate. the western. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. and the north point is established. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. First. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. far from the house. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. The lesser the scale. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure.
ground where drainage is better. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. but it need not be identical. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. single bed. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The outline is fixed. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. The general outline is similar. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. certainly not precisely the same. < previous page page_126 next page > . Indeed. There is the housegarage structure on one side. another is close to the rear of the house. Then. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. 127 indicates. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. a driveway on still another. and the search did not take long. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. 77 provided the needed inspiration. as the drawing on p. It was a pleasurable assignment. The. and the property line on the last. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. all four sides are so determined. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The new herb garden has been located.
The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. There was no . If. Two drawings were required to work out problems. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. something is amiss.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. In addition. forming the outer boundary of the service path. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. In fact. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. With the plan established. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. then north. as in this case. If all is well. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. this low wall will enclose the garden area.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. eight. A structural edging was in order. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. admittedly. In the earlier stage of planning. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In this case. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. At corners. Before edgings could be put in place. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. In this area. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. not one completed in a weekend. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. the eight-foot length was more practical. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. a lapped joint was fashioned. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. the site required some leveling. and the finished edging would be effective. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. However. . However.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. however. this was.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
selected for its simplicity. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. but there are exits to different levels. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Aged compost. leaves. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Weeds. Unfortunately. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. The latter need to be more substantially paved. sand. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. could serve this purpose. One is the ramp to the driveway. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. for they will likely have more traffic. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. this same base underlies all the paths. Paving for the terraced area is brick. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. This method of treatment now guarantees . Heavy black plastic. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. The pattern is running bond. had been proof of that. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. filling the beds with soil was next. A choice of five colors was available. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial.
Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. on a trial run of one course of brick. worth the added cost. even bed for the pavers. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. However. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years.
These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. for it would interfere with the drainage system. since that path borders the house. In this instance. Sometimes called "rubble drains. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. and the steps to other levels. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. the terraced area. converging where it was logical to do so. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. learned about decades earlier. Herbs have flourished in the beds. . With the completion of the paths. French drains. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains." their construction can be somewhat varied. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now.
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sixteenths of an inch. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. hundredths of an inch. and so on. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. albula. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. twelfths of an inch. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. E EllipseAn oval. not necessarily referable to botanical species. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Its arrow points north and. casts the shadow for the hour. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. is symmetrical. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. in tenths of an inch. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. a garden plan. having a variety of gradations. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. and so on. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. for example.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. in inches. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. often a wall or trellis. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. for example.
GrindstoneMillstone. ForthrightA straight course or path. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. or colored earths. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs.brick) in the same course.3). also called rubble drain. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. Usually a few inches thick. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. heated especially by fermenting manure. loose. its compartments filled with flowers. rounded fragments of rock. a flat. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. M ManufactoryA factory. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. G GazeboA freestanding. Pea gravelSmall.3. turf. a patterned garden. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. roofed structure usually open on the sides. sometimes covered with earth or more stones.
rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.
turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. walls. snug fit for walks. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. or steps. often planted with aromatic herbs. V VarietyA category below species. W Wall. called also a hose cock. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. Turf seatBanked-up earth. ranking between species and variety. not treelike or with a single trunk. Stone. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. TreillageLatticework for vines. cutting. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. R Rose.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. < previous page page_132 next page > . T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis.
Herbals. Park Seed Co. 1933. 1966. New York: Dover. and Garden. The Cultivated Basils. Sevenoaks. Erichsen-Brown. Henry.. Doran & Co.: Buckeye Printing Co. The Small Garden. Complements. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Roses. New York. Charlotte. . P. Carpenter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. H. Room Outside. New York: Macmillan. 1971. 1982.. London: Country Life. 1973. Putnam's Sons. Toronto. and Louden. London. Crowe.. Hortus Third. Peter. 1961. London: Macmillan. Brownlow. London: Adam and Charles Black. Edlin. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Dutton & Co. Foley. 1962. ed. New York: Viking Press. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. New York: Simon and Schuster.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. New York: Macmillan. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Jot. Bardswell. Julia S. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Foster. Mo. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1966. . S. Sydney: B. London: Saturn Press. 1972.C. T. Bailey Hortorium. Seal. . W. Independence. How Plants Get Their Names. Prof. 1972. Garden Design. New York: G. 1951. Earle. Gertrude B. Agnes. 1957. Foster. P. Helen H. 1938. Brookes. L.: Geo.. Herbs and the Earth. Baumgardt. 1980. 14701670. 1902. John E. New York: Viking Press. Liberty Hyde. Garden City: Doubleday. John Philip. Cross. Aurora. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Beston. 1942. New York: Crown Publishers. Gertrude B. Park's Success with Herbs. 1963. Robert Lee. The Herb Garden. John. Batsford. Darrah. New York: Hawthorne Books. Rosetta E. 1958. 1977. Greenwood. Frances A. Staff of. 1951. 1935. 1970. 1976. 1971. Hanging Plants for Home. Green Enchantment. Behme. Bailey. New York: E. Alice Morse. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Herbsfor Every Garden. Margaret E. and Accessories. Clarkson. Flannery. London: Marshall Cavendish. Terrace. Berrall. Rosemary F. 1944. Helen Morgenthau.. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Kent: The Herb Farm. H. 1911. L. Coats. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. New York: Macmillan. New York: Macmillan. Sylvia. British Plants. Fox. Book of the Geranium. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1980. 1979. Harriet Ballard. Daniel J. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden.
1981.. Hendrickson. London: George Routledge & Sons. Paul B. 1970. M. Modern Herbal. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Lathrop. Hamel. Shaker Herbs. Johnson. How to Select. Rev. New York: William Morrow and Co.. Amy Bess. Grow and Enjoy. Jr.. McFarland. . Carol. Leighton. 1979. 1961. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Ann. Tucson: H. 1974. Helen K. 1983. A Biblical Garden. Elizabeth. New York: Harper & Bros.. Flowers of the Field. Loewenfeld. Roy.: Livingston Pub. 1938. Alma. New York: Doubleday. New York: Dover. Lawrence. New York: Crown Publishers. Landscaping with Vines. 1982. Moldenke. A. New York: Macmillan. 1976. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Howard. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Simmons. Boston. (1st American edition trans. Muenscher. chemist.. Horace. 1969. C. Potter. Miller. The Concise Handbook of Roses. New York: Macmillan. The Herb Garden. 2d ed. Brown & Co. 1951. Walter. 1973. N. Norma Jean. Frances. Patrick M. Myron. Krauss. Early American Gardens.. The Berry Book.: Chronica Botanica Co. Kiaer. 1964. Robert. Herbs. 1911. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Frederic. New York: Viking Press. P. Eigel. Mrs. Lerner. and Alma L. The Book of Spices. and Synge.. Johns. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1966. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1959. 1970. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Toronto: Little. Loewenfeld. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1976. Neri.. Dorothy Bovee. Mary U. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. The Art of Dyeing.. M. Vicenza.. and Back. New York: William Morrow & Co. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Sylva. Claire. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. P. Wynnewood.C. 1952. Italy. 1975. Franco. 1946. and Rice.: Herald Publishing Co. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Lawrence. New York: Dover. Harold N. Pozza. Bernard Hickey. Philippa.. J. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Hay. 1971. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Cherokee Plants. Dutton & Co. New York: Macmillan. Boston. New York: Van Nostrand. Waltham. 1975. Ireys.Garland. Adelma G. Loyal R. New York: De La Mare. Plants of the Bible. London: Faber and Faber. and Chiltoskey. A Garden of Herbs. < previous page page_133 next page > . George H. Roses of the World in Color. 1974. Co. Eleanour Sinclair. Division Billboard Publications. 1969. Vegetable Dyeing. 1971. and Brunello. New York: E.. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. 1972. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1978. Gardens in Winter. New York: Clarkson N. Sarah. Alice Recknagel. Jones. Pa. Mass. Grieve.) Rohde. ed. Rosengarten. Lesch. Claire. Books. 1981.
Lucile Teeter Kissack. Virginia B.. 1974. William Radler.A. . New York: William Morrow & Co. Marion E. 1975. Martin's Press..A.A. Mrs. James C. L. Bradner.. Austin R... Mrs. Smith. . New York: Hafner. Jr..A. Graham. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. 1953. Wilson. Mrs. Michael. Berkeley Brandt. Marshall. Jack Emil Geist. Rhoda Specht. Martin's. The Fragrant Garden. A.. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mrs. Wilder.. Louise Beebe. 1972. 1931.A. 1976. 1979. The Fragrant Year. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. William Y Dear. Mrs. Robert G.L. Raymond V. Maxton Davies. Linda. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs.. Rev. Norman. 1972. William T. Paxton. Malcolm..A. Taylor. Vera Breed. Madalene Hill. A. William W. Winthrop G. Webster. W. T. Singleton. New York: William Farquhar Payson.. Associate.. L. Herbert G. and Bell.A.. L. Charles L. Helen Noyes.. L. Robert K. 1953. L. William C. Climbing Roses Old and New. Griffin. Mrs. W T. Mrs. Bleecker. Diane C. H. Toronto: Van Nostrand. 1942. Bynam. Boerner. ed. 1979. John. Neil Hamill Park. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Charlotte. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Meyer. Jo Lohmolder. Mrs. Stearn. L. Melissa R. John Poinier. George T. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.R. 1979. New ed. Benjamin McF. Boston: Ralph T. Straus. Nelva M.A. L. Weber.A. 1962. London: Phoenix House.L. Keebler. The Shakespeare Garden. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. New York: Simon & Schuster. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Peter M.The Old Shrub Roses. John Ormsbee. Landscape Architecture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.A. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Sandy Hicks. Price. Indianapolis. 1982. Stearn. New York: McGraw-Hill. F. Jr. Yang. Mrs.A. Philip Batchelder.: Garden Way.S. Mr. Margaret Osborn Holt. Cozart.. Jr.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.A. Thacker. Hale & Co. New York: Dover. Vt. Mrs. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs. Esther.. Mrs.A.. A. L. White. Fragrance in the Garden..D. and Robert B. ed.. Elizabeth Lawrence. Taloumis. Revised by Dr. Vivian.. Mrs. Hammond Crawford. Hines. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Martha Dahlen. Z. Barbara Capen. Sherry D. London: Phoenix House. 1966. New York: St. Campbell. 1965. 1957. Botanical Latin.. The History of Gardens. 1967. Plants of the Bible. Thomas. Donald Paxton. Amy Bess Miller. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. New York: St. Susan W. 1961. Gannaway.S. Onward and Upward in the Garden. 1972. L. Charles Patch.A. Mrs. Stuart. New York: Farrar. New York. Mrs. William T. L. L. . Leonard Dreyfuss. Pees. Henry Gund. Mrs. New York: Doubleday..A. Shrub Roses of Today. Plimpton.. Mrs.A. 1976. Christopher. Herbs in the Garden. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.L. Frank M. Bates. Building Stone Walls. L. Mrs. Zohary. L. Tarantino. A. Leonie. A. . Mrs. Alfred L. Bush. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. New York. Mrs. Katherine S. Ingersoll.A. Morss. Baker. James D.A. McGarry. C. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Mrs. George. and Mrs. Elisabeth W. Martin. Graham Stuart. L. Container Gardening Outdoors. Lamm. Giroux. Moffit.
Atlanta Historical Society.. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Western Reserve Herb Society. Booker Worthen. Wisc.A.C. Christopher Spencer. Mich. Lansing. Ohio. G. L. Eric Duke Scott. Isadore L. Old Salem. Roberts. Mansfield. Ann Arbor. Shaker Community. Harper. Mrs.. Helen M. Semple. N. Derthick. < previous page page_134 next page > . Milton Stricker. Walter Rebmann. Hales Corners.. Mich.. Frederick E. Mrs. Faith H. Ga. Mr. Mrs. Lawrence Schetky. Smith (Ann Leighton).. Jean Ruh. Ark. Mrs.Rady. Inc. The Country Doctor Museum. Old Slater Mill Museum. Plain Dealer Photo. civic. Kingwood Center. R. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Mass. Mrs. Joe H.. Hancock.I. L.. The following provided historical. Gayle. Winston-Salem. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Matthew Miksch House. Eloise andJo Ray. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Talbot III.. Michigan State University. James F. Atlanta. Weeks Brick House. Bailey. Milton C.H..A. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Tullie Smith House Restoration. N. Architect. L. James S. Christopher Rady. Wilcox. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Mrs. Mrs. Pawtucket... Elbert Smith. L... Mrs.A. Hancock Shaker Village. Swanson. Edmund G. Rose. Linda Yang. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Skinner. and Mrs.. Nathan Sameth. University of Michigan. John A. Whitman.A. Cleveland. Little Rock.C.. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Inc. Mrs. Greenland. Linda Yang. Ohio. N. Joan E. L. Timothy Procter Ruh.
A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. azoricum. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. maritima L. Narcissus triandrus. barbadensis A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. C. Myrrhis odorata. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Y smalliana Agrimonia. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. A. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. E. officinalis. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea.
arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. podagraria Asparagus A. laevis Rhododendron . Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. S. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. acerifolium. officinalis. ludoviciana var. Solanum aculeatissimum S. P. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. lycopersicum. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. P. V. schmidtiana 'Nana' A.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. false Galium aristatum. Lamium album Viburnum. V. grandiflorus Melissa M. Monarda didyma Crataegus. albula A. officinalis Populus. G. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. M. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. melongena var. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. F.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. vulgaris A. B. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. chrysantha Symphytum S. coronaria . angustifolia. Mertensia virginica. alpina 'Alba' A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. oleracea. P. M. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M.
verna. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. B. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . V. ioensis Vaccinium. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. macrocarpon. coronaria. M. maculatum G. Italian D Daffodil M. M. V.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. N. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. alpinum R. alpinum R. sativum R. B. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. angustifolia. C. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. pseudonarcissus miniature N. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus.
rivieri. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. T officinale Bellis. Ferocactus latispinus. R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. obtusifolius Rumex R. A. D. lilioasphodelus. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. x superbum Hemerocallis. Hosta H. obtusifolius R. C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. frutescens C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. acetosa. R. Sansevieria. crispus. Chrysanthemum frutescens. A. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. triphyllum .Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. lilioasphodelus H. H.
S. Antennaria. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. N. C. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. N. Helichrysum. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium .Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. damascena. Lychnis coronaria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. N. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. pungens Sambucus S. arvensis. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. C. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Senecio cineraria. Centaurea cineraria. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. ragusina. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Gnaphalium. gymnocarpa. azoricum Nigella.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. regalis Adiantum. I. perenne . O.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica F. versicolor. A. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. L. usitatissimum L. I. Osmunda. carica Corylus C. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.× germanica I. P.
scorodoprasum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. lutea Allium sativum A. lanata D. quercifolium P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. I. sylvatica Digitalis D. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. odoratissimum P. tuberosum A. neapolitanum A. sativum var. purpurea D. × limoneum P. sphaerocephalum A. × hortorum P. Pelargonium. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . Fumaria C. P. grossularioides P radens P. × germanica Myosotis M.
quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. T.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. canadense T. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. canadense. A. × nervosum P. chamaedrys T. Tragopogon. Z. × jatrophifolium P. abrotanifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P. tomentosum P. graveolens P. crispum P. A. quercifolium P. pratensis . officinale Z. × citrosum P. P. T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. denticulatum P. glutinosum. capitatum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. tomentosum P.
rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. Oxalis deppei. M. C. nervosa V. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Vitis monticola. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. C. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . torquata E. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. V.
golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
C.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Sempervivum Lobelia L. G. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Lythrum. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Ophiopogon L. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. L. majalis Liriope. triacanthos G. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Pulmonaria . W. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum.
erecta T. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. erecta T. M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens.blue M Mace. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. grandiflora M. alcea var. Malva. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. A. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. C. erecta T. tenuifolia T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. lucida . patula Calendula officinalis T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P.
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heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. citrata. odorata Achillea millefolium. majorana O. crispii M. vulgare 'Aureum' O. citrata M. A. suaveolens M. × piperita var. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. × piperita var. requienii M. citrata M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. vulgare O. vulgare O. onites O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. aquatica var. dictamnus O. piperita var. majorana O. major. suaveolens 'Variegata' . citrata M. R. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Astrantia. Spiraea alba.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. O. S.
alba Verbascum. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. vulgaris A. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . × gentilis M. V. Myrrhis odorata. M. lactiflora Morus M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. olympicum. Azolla caroliniana. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. Myrtus.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. thapsus V. communis. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. V. rubra M. Umbellularia californica. A. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana.
L. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. minus T. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. nudum. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. tazetta Tropaeolum T. P. album L. poeticus N. majus T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa .
cepa A. Castilleja californica. fistulosum Atriplex. telephium Iris × germanica var. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. S. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Scilla verna. A. florentina. O. cepa. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. hortensis A. fragrans Allium. I. Proliferum Group A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. C.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. fistulosum A. fragrans O. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. cepa. vulgare var.
lactiflora P lactiflora P. P. A. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. P. A. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. patens. crispum var.
paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. C. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. retroflexus. annuum. Grossum Group C. roseus C. C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. annuum. frutescens C. annuum. A. P frutescens Catharanthus. Longum Group Capsicum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Conoides Group Capsicum. C. C. C. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. C. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Chenopodium. album Ranunculus ficaria . paniculata P. Longum Group C. Piper C.
umbellata var. umbellata var. Prunus japonica. M. gratianopolitanus D. × paradisiaca. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. P salicina P angustifolia. plumarius D. C. angustifolia var. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Plantago P. officinalis Dianthus D. caryophyllus D. plumarius. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. americana . alpinus D. watsonii P maritima P. Silene laciniata. C.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. taeda P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. P. taeda Chimaphila. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria.
sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. L. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. S. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. 0. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. P. vulgare Lithospermum.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. rhoeas P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. E. Liriodendron tulipifera P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . biennis P. balsamifera P.
canadensis C. C. rhabarbarum R. R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo C. coccineum C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Hesperis . A. C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. Diplotaxis. pepo Portulaca. P. sativum var. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis.
× borboniana R. gallica R. Rosa chinensis R. × borboniana Kerria. damascena R. canina R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana R. centifolia R. laevigata R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. damascena 'Bifera' R. canina. banksiae R. Rubus coronarius R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. chinensis 'Minima' R. spinosissima R. moschata . roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. sativa Rosa R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica 'Officinalis' R. × harisonii R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R.
S. sclarea S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. R. Salvia hierosolymitana . officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. setigera R. Rosmarinus. azurea subsp. officinalis Limonium R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. angustissimus R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. × rehderana R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis S. guaranitica S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. caerula. greggii S. rugosa R. microphylla S. clevelandii S. pitcheri S.
leucantha S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. S. C. halimus Crithmum maritimum. chamaecyparissus S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. guaranitica S. S. neapolitana S. Salicornia. marilandica Amelanchier . pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. hebecarpa. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. virens. viridis S. A. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. maritimum E. leucophylla S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. montana Scabiosa S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. P. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. chamaecyparissus S. T. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. S. elegans S.
A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
nivalis Lamium album. P. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. coggygria Cotinus.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. C. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. americana. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. coggygria C. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. G. biflorum . Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. P. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. C. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. V.
Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. O. pyrenaicum. L. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. officinalis thyme-leaved V. scutatus R. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. H. S. crassipes O. E. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. patulum. acetosa. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. V. R. japonica Sorbaria. H. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . O. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. Ornithogalum arabicum.
O. O. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. vesca F. perennis. dracunculus var. incana M. vesca F. C. incana M. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vulgare var. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vulgare var. chiloensis F. M. floridus Philadelphus . crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. crispum T. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. T vulgare T.
culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. 'Argenteus' T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. Silybum marianum S. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. arcticus T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . 'Clear Gold' T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. 'Broad-leaf English' T. laevigata Eupatorium. A. praecox T. maritima Thymus. marianum S. × citriodorus T. sylvestris D. phaenopyrum C. marianum S. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. E. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. C. pallasianus T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. T. praecox subsp. benedictus.
flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. P. pruinosa. Physalis peruviana L. cerasiforme. sanctum O. praecox subsp. I.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. lycopersicum var. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Coreopsis Linaria. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . L. alata Lycopersicon. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. lycopersicum L. noli-tangere. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. sanctum Tulipa T. P. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. radicans Bignonia capreolata. peruviana P. lycopersicum var. C.
virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. C. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. canina. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. caprea . maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. officinalis Polemonium. odorata V. odorata V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. V. cornuta 'Alba' V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. P. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. cornuta V. Chimaphila. caeruleum Clematis. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. C.
pontica. V. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Corydalis sempervirens A. Gaultheria procumbens. frigida A. Vanilla barbellata A. absinthium A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Stachys . wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. gmelinii A. S. I. verticillata Chimaphila.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. annua A. caprea. nudum Isatis I. camphorata A. ambrosioides Artemisia. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. W.
ageratum A. millefolium A. I. X.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. vomitoria I. × media 'Hicksii' T. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. lutea. simplicissima Cladrastis. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A. C. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . tomentosa Ilex cassine.
calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow. foeniculum Agave A. h. parlor m. fennel g. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. millefolium A.. yarrow sneezeweed. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. butter-print. sanguinary. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. monkshood helmut flower. thousand-seal. napellus Acorus A. fragrant g. nose-bleed. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. blue giant hyssop. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant.. cana A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . maidenhair American maidenhair. pedatum Agastache A. maidenhair fern. calamus Adiantum A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. h. five-finger f. alpinus Aconitum A. theophrasti Acacia A.. monkshood flowering maple. Indian mallow China jute. breviflora A. taygetea A. fourcroydes sweet flag. ageratum A. longifolia Achillea A. lion's tail anise hyssop.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A.
flavum A. serpent garlic chive. reptans Alcea A. christophii A. schoenoprasum A. two-bladed o. ostrowskianum A.. neapolitanum A. sativum var. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. moly A. sisal hemp. alpina A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. ciboule.. sisalana Agrimonia A.. vulgaris Allium A. senescens var. cive. cocklebur. githago Ajuga A.. garlic rocambole. hemp plant agrimony. Spanish o. rosea Alchemilla A. sativum A. Rosenbachianum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. lily leek daffodil garlic. Pulchellum A. fistulosum A.A. purple c. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. flowering o. Japanese bunching o. schnittlauch giant garlic . karataviense A. tree o. scorodoprasum A. giganteum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. ophioscorodon A.
bugloss windflower. Oriental garlic . officinarum Anchusa A.. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinalis Amaranthus A.. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. bugloss alkanet. hupehensis var. tinctoria Anthriscus A. sphaerocephalum A. officinalis Anemone A. Curasao a. white m. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. cerefolium chervil angelica. Barbados a. garlic c. juneberry. blanda A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. japonica A. marschalliana A. tuberosum Aloe A. barbadensis Aloysia A. medicinal a. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. shadbush. caudatus Amelanchier A. pulsatilla Anethum A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. shad.. triphylla Althaea A.glaucum A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. canadensis Amsonia A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. archangel.
graveolens A. European crowfoot bearberry. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A. graveolens var. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.
camphorata A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. frigida A. dracunculus var. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. bear's grape. mountain box. canadense A. maritima Armoracia A. wormwood southernwood. pontica A. triphyllum subsp. dracontium A. albula A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. asarabacca wild ginger. Ludoviciana var. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. annua A. triphyllum A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. europaeum A. virginicum bearberry. red cole sagebrush. arborescens A. stewardsonii Armeria A. lactiflora A. creashak green-dragon. sandberry. sativa A. rusticana Artemisia A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. hog cranberry. kinnikinick. mugwort. pink or white horseradish. gmelinii A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. sea pink thrift. old man southernwood absinthe. mealberry.
yellow r. China grass borage borage. garden o. australis B.Asclepias A. mountain spinach false indigo. c. orach sea orach. perennis Berberis B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. wild indigo blue false indigo. vulgaris Bellis B. upland cress winter cress. rattleweed winter cress. jaundice berry. halimus A. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. ruby s. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. hortensis B Baptista B. plains f. silkweed. B. wild blue i. c. cool-tankard cole. officinalis Astrantia A. pleurisy root. butterfly flower butterfly weed. rocket. i. tinctoria Barbarea B. papyrifera Boehmeria B. nivea Borago B. vulgaris. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. major Atriplex A. piprage beet swiss chard. wild indigo. s. ruby s. s. Chinese silk plant. saltbush orach. mustard . c. tuberosa Asparagus A. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. talewort. tuberroot.. vulgaris Beta milkweed. c..
sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.. carpatica C. koreana B..B. microphylla var. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. grandiflora Calendula C. floridus Campanula C. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. pineapple s. sempervirens B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. officinalis Calycanthus C. strawberry s. white-flowered k. eruca B. microphylla 'Nana' B.
p. C. o. persicifolia C. red p. o. cow-itch. o. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. o. p. s. trumpet vine. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. o. rapunculus Campsis C. p.. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. pimento sweet pepper s. green p. s. sweet pepper. o.. p.. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. bell p. < previous page page_147 next page > . p.C. chili p. p. p. o. p. p. p. p. green p. p.. o. trumpet flower. s.
false saffron. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. nobile Chelidonium C. capsicum p. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. shellbark h. majus Chelone cayenne p. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. illinoinensis C. Madagascar periwinkle. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. senna. deodara Celosia C. cristata Cercis C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. Russian c. Tabasco p. celandine celandine turtlehead. Tabasco-sauce p. garden c.. ovata Cassia C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.. snakehead . carvi Carya C.... tinctorius Carum C. red p. bastard s. nocturnum Chamaemelum C.. marilandica Catharanthus C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. chili p. frutescens Carthamus C. canariensis Cedrus C.
alecost pyrethrum. virgin's bower. dwarf 1. wax flower. barbe-de-capuchin. botrys Chimaphila C.. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. frutescens C.. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. leather flower. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. leucanthemum C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. leather flower. wintergreen.. American w. pigweed Mexican tea. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. mint geranium. Meyer 1. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. × jouiniana 'Mrs. old-man's-beard costmary. wormseed. pyrethum. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. Spanish t. Chinese dwarf 1.. Robert Brydon' C. ambrosioides C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. coccineum C. bonus-henricus C.C. intybus Cimicifuga C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. ladanifer Citrus C. umbellata Chionanthus C. lutea Clematis C. parthenium C. crispus C. devil's-darning- . racemosa Cistus C. glabra Chenopodium C. virgilia virgin's bower. × superbum Cichorium C. cinerariifolium C. balsamita C. feather geranium. fat hen ambrosia. rattletop black cohosh. Dalmatia p.
thorn.needle Cnicus C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. laevigata C. red haw hawthorn English h. benedictus Coix C. Chinese parsley dogwood. smoke plant. quick-set. tinctoria Coriandrum C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. apiculatus Crataegus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. Venetian sumac. arkansana C. avellana Cotinus C.. autumnale Comptonia C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. sativum Cornus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. ambigua C. trifolia Coreopsis C. orientalis Convallaria C. smokebush smoke tree. thorn apple. peregrina Consolida C. majalis Convolvulus C. cneorum Coptis C. smokebush. florida Corylus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle .
speciosus 'Albus' C. sativus C. gracilis Dianthus D. scoparius C.. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. kotschyanus C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. × allwoodii D. speciosus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. maritimum Crocus C. sieberi C.C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. citratus Cytisus C. sempervirens Cydonia C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. West Indian 1. angustifolius C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > .. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.
divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. carnation. lanata D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. sativus D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. burning bush. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . sylvestris Doronicum D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. gas plant. grandiflora D.
hyemale Eranthis E. ironbark. japonica Eryngium E. pungens Eleocharis E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . viridis Epimedium E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. sea holm. jacinth. gum tree. b. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. epimedium barrenwort. sea eryngo California poppy C. rugosum v. perfoliatum E.E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail.. californica Eucalyptus E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. S. Australian gum. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. poppy eucalypt. J. plum eryngo sea holly. Japanese medlar. blueweed. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. dulcis Endymion E. arvense E. torquata Euonymus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E.
cyparissias F Ferula F.s. major Fragaria F. a. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. finocchio. alpine s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. assafoetida Ficus F. a. chiloensis F. vulgare subsp.s. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vulgare F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . vulgare F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. a. sow-teat s.s.Euphorbia E. imperialis Fumaria F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. ulmaria F. vulgare var.
. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. verum Gardenia G. our-lady's-b. Carolina jessamine Genista G. woodwaxen. woodroof yellow bedstraw. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. tinctoria Geranium G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. Capejasmine wintergreen. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. robertianum Glechoma G. virginiana Hedeoma H. mollugo G. germanica G. alumroot herb Robert. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. pulegioides American pennyroyal.F. field balm. spotted c. checkerberry.. triacanthos Gossypium G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. Carolina yellow j.. hederacea Gleditsia G. cleavers white bedstraw. Carolina jasmine G. gardenia. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. sweet w. hexapetala G Galanthus G. teaberry.. false baby's-breath woodruff. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium.. nivalis Galium G. honey locust. red Robin . mock p. dyer's greenweed. odoratum G. vernalis H. runaway robin. wild c. maculatum G. ground ivy. mountain tea.
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< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. Chinese hibiscus. flavescens Helenium H.. giant m. bimli j. niger H.. blacking plant plantain lily. Hawaiian h. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. lilioasphodelus H. lividus subsp. lemon d. atrorubens H.. orientalis Hemerocallis H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. Indian hemp. China rose. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. turnsole heliotrope. Deccan h. petiolatum Heliotropium H. licorice plant heliotrope. glabra Hesperis H. bastard jute. arborescens Helleborus H. rose-of-China.. corsicus H. sweet r. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H.... foetidus H. rose m. mallow. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. daylily . Deckaner h. bimlipatum j. × luteola Herniaria H. cannabinus H. matronalis Hibiscus H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. garland 1. curry plant false licorice. angustifolium H. hibiscus kenaf.
-John's-wort St. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. rose h. Burford's holly Japanese holly. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. I. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. white h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. patulum 'Sungold' H. box-leaved h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. lupulus Hydrangea H. horned h.-John's-wort St. navelwort gotu kola St. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. orangeroot. box-leaved h. European h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I..H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. . crenata var. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. asiatica Hypericum H. perforatum Hyssopus H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.
water f. officinale Juniperus J. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. crested i. crested dwarf i. yellow flag.. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. capensis Indigofera I. pseudacorus Isatis I. touch-me-not jewelweed. snapweed. jewelweed. 'Great Lakes' I. cristata I. helenium Ipomoea I. × germanica var. alba Iris I. glabra I. J. woad dyer's woad.I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. maculata J Jasminum J. chinensis var. florentina I. African corn lily corn lily orris. spotted t. tinctoria Ixia I. opaca I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. horizontalis creeping j. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. tinctoria Inula I. wilsonii Impatiens I..
n. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. flamingo p..Justicia water willow J. n.. maculatum L. dumb nettle. plume plant. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . king'scrown L Lactuca L. plume flower. paradise p. white d. indica Lamium L. sweet bay laurel. dentata var. carnea Brazilian-plume. d. bay.. nobilis Lavandula L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. angustifolia subsp.. dentata L. angustifolia L. album L.
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
aestivum Levisticum L. benzoin Linum L. summer s. pepperwort. blue cardinal flower . siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. perenne L. candidum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. muscari Lobelia L. marsh rosemary. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender.. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. officinale Ligustrum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. lovage privet. hedge plant privet. leonurus Leontopodium L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. sativum Leucojum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. statice statice toadflax spicebush.
L. maritima L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. stellata M. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . money plant. moonwort. lycopersicum var. coronaria L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. penny f. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. europaeus Lysimachia L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. grandiflora M. coronaria 'Alba' L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. flava L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. silver-dollar. honesty. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. catchfly mullein pink. vulgaris Lythrum L. annua Lychnis L.. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. lycopersicum var. campion. coral h. virginiana sweet alyssum. satin flower honesty. cordata Magnolia M. sempervirens Lunaria L. gypsywort.
wild crab crab apple crab mallow.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. × piperita M. holly barberry.. citrata M. bergamot m. officinalis Mentha M. requienii M.. pineapple m. apple m. mountain g. longifolia M.. 'Eau de Cologne' M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. white h. 'Guiding Star' M. fastigiata Marrubium M. × piperita var. gillyflower. angustifolia M.. imperial stock balm lemon b. aquatica M. American crab. vulgare Matthiola M. horsemint . menthella. pulegium M. sweet b. × gentilis M. curly m. horsemint peppermint orange mint. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M.. incana Melissa M.. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. blue barberry apple. holly g. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. alcea var. holly mahonia. stock stock. bluebells. hupehensis Malva M. Brampton stock. b. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. lemon m. Oregon g.Mahonia M.. Virginia b. pennyroyal Corsican m. Scotch m.. lungwort bluebells. Virginia c. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. bee b. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. cowslip. musk m. incanum M.
white bee balm pink b. punctata Montia M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. swamp c.. winter purslane. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. menthifolia M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. citriodora M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. b. Greek myrtle. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. anise. white b. myrrh. b. American m. Oswego tea.M. b. odorata Myrtus M. fistulosa var. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . fistulosa M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. candleberry. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. sweet cicely. Swedish m. red m. pink b. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. sylvatica Myrica M. textilis Myosotis M. banana abaca. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
heal-all. pasture b. tacamahac cinquefoil. brake. Jerusalem cowslip white p. pensylvanica P. granatum Pyrus P. Jerusalem sage.Poncirus P. lungwort blue 1.. veris Prunella P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. balsam p. brake bracken. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. hog-pasture b. vulgaris Prunus P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. golden hardhack. all-heal salad burnet. maritima P.. nepalensis P. five-finger shrubby c. aspen. hardy orange poplar. angustifolia P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. sieboldii 'Alba' P. trifoliata Populus P. sand p. elatior P. domestica P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum.. widdy shrubby c. persica Pteridium P. hackmatack. Americana P.
brier r. rose.. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. dog r. cabbage r.. ficaria Reseda R. red currant. brier Banksia r. moss r. gallica damask r.. stellata R Ranunculus R. pilewort mignonette weld. dog b. crowfoot lesser celandine. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. chinensis 'Minima' R. gooseberry alpine c. 'Cinderella' R. alpinum R. mountain c. . dyer's rocket rhubarb. pygmy r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. fairy r.. garden r. typhina Ribes R. purshiana Rheum R. luteola Rhamnus R. moss r. × borboniana R. eglanteria R.. garden c. banksiae R. sativum Rosa R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. sweetbrier French r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant.Quercus Q. autumn damask r. eglantine. small c. canina R. York-and-Lancaster r. pie plant. China r. Bourbon r.
prairie r.'Officinalis' R. tinctorum Rubus R. rugosa R.. golden p. musk r. French sorrel rue . hirta Rumex R. sorrel. garden sorrel broad dock.. madder bramble blackberry. × rehderana R. rosemary pine-scented r. laevigata R. snowdwarf memorial r. acetosa R. climbing r. Cherokee r. obtusifolius R.. angustissimus R. polyantha r. Harison's yellow r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Scotch r. rosemary white r. chestnut r. wichuraiana R. dock s. setigera R. 'Schneezwerg' R. roxburghii R. Japanese r. r. moschata R. Turkestan r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. prostrate rosemary. × harisonii R.. bitter d. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. chinquapin r. burnet r. spinosissima R. climbing r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock.
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purple variegated garden s. clevelandii S. involucrata S. Mexican bush s. sclarea S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. pussy willow sage. guaranitica S. bloodroot rue . osier goat willow. microphylla S. greggii S. leucophylla S. American e. garden s. elegans S. variegated garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. caerula S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. s. clary annual clary elder. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. leucantha S. viridis Sambucus S. gray sage. purple g.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. elderberry American e. caprea Salvia S. bloodroot red puccoon. argentea S. canadensis willow. golden g.
sweet s.. hortensis S. hen-and-chickens. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. morganianum S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.. marianum Sium S. canadensis Sansevieria S. mad apple . St. Mary's t. telephium Sempervivum S.Sanguisorba S. blessed t. hemp plant snake plant. live-forever houseleek. atropurpurea Sedum S. trifasciata Santolina S. roof h. orpine donkey's tail orpine. sisarum Solanum S. pincushion flower pincushions.. mourning-bride stonecrop. devil's tongue.. jasminoides S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. live-forever houseleek. tectorum Silybum S. milk t. melongena var. pinnata S. officinalis Sassafras S. good-luck plant. neapolitana S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. skirret potato vine eggplant. lucky plant. virens Saponaria S. albidum Satureja S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious.
laevis Symphytum S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. byzantina S. Aztec m. reticulata var. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. officinale Syringa S. erecta marigold African m. grandiflora S. hedge nettle. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. × persica var. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. big m. lutea Stokesia S. lilac . sorbifolia Sorbus S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S.. woundwort lamb's-ears. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil.. vulgaris 'Addie V. americana Stachys S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. patula melongene. californica Sorbaria S. laciniata Persian lilac S. officinale S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a.
dense y. occidentalis Thymus T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. lemon t. filifolia T. tansy tansy. germander American g. lucida T. culinary golden lemon t. 'Broad-leaf English' T. officinale Taxus T. carnosus T.. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. yew conical y. upright y. 'Argenteus' T. wood sage germander dwarf. canadense T. signet m. columnar y. marum Thuja T.. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. . procumbent g. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. crispum Taraxacum T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. fruticans T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. vulgare var. sweet mace French m.T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. vulgare T.. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. dwarf m.
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herba-barona T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. . red c. lanatum Trifolium T. praecox T. woolly thyme creeping t. pallasianus T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. praecox subsp. zygis Torenia T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. nitidus T. jasminoides Tragopogon T... fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. serpyllum T. odorus t. confederatej. doerfleri T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. caraway t. t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. leucotrichus T. pratensis Trichostema T. wishbone flower. glabrescens T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. nummularius T. not culinary French t. lemon t. richardii subsp. creeping t. t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. crimson c.
canadensis Tulipa T. velvet p. dioica V Vaccinium V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. speedwell. 'Sweet Harmony' T. mullein mullein. blueberry. maritima Urtica U. laevifolium Valeriana V. cranberry. thapsus Veronica V. olympicum V. bitter Indian garden n. pale yellow Darwin t. squill. officinalis V. clusiana T. angustifolium var. farfara U Urginea U. flannel plant. tarda T. minus Tsuga T. tall n. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tawny orange t. majus T.. kaufmanniana T. . nettle stinging n. species t. Indian cress dwarf n. serpyllifolia nasturtium. early.Tropaeolum T. 'General de Wet' T. red s. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. water-lily t. officinalis Verbascum V. blattaria V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t.. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. huckleberry. 'Blizzard' T.
sweet h. running m. tricolor V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. heartsease pansy. carlesii V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. prunifolium Vinca V. nannyberry. minor Viola V. lutea 'Splendens' V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. canina V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. khus-khus. heartsease. maple-leaved viburnum. arrowwood. possum haw . stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.. withe-rod vetiver. acerifolium V. zizanioides Viburnum V. cassinoides V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. myrtle. odorata V.Vetiveria V. lesser p. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. sheepberry. violet dog violet horned v. ladies-delight. viola white viola blue viola teaberry.. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie..
Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger. ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.
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