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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. successes. punching. This they did. Their energy and charm caught me up. responded with delight. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. The turning point came when. for they had no model and no guide. with sparkling enthusiasm. and the publisher. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. whether all their labor was to no avail. more of them exist to serve as examples. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. and record every detailall of the failures. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. carefully chosen. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. This was not to be. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and the experience provided the final section of the book. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Then. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. alterations. pushing. Ginny had done some writing. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. bereft of hope. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. wheedling. It needs no sequel. seven years ago. Again they revised. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. With false starts and honest stops. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . especially poetry. build it.
specialty. without accompanying commentary. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. and these are capitalizedfor example. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. Not all plants used are herbs. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The herb garden designs alone. we completed a test garden. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. . but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. former generic names. degree of maintenance required. while others were prepared by landscape designers. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. To achieve this. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. rather. Some of these were created by landscape architects. and educational purpose." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. the authors. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. 1969 and 1980. or by contributors. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. We. English thyme. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. A range of essential factors is considered herein. Likewise. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. by their owners. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. historical interest. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Italics are always used for botanical names. although countless common names exist. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design.
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Nell Neff. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Genevieve Jyurovat. Richard T. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Alice Skelsey. She has served. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Trudi Bela. We are grateful to many. Derthick. Eleanor Gambee. M. and Rexford Talbert. has been especially helpful over the years. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. FAITH H. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. has given us valuable information. Jo Lohmolder. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. The late Raymond C. Rady. Weatherhead. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Lee Buss.D. His assistant. which made possible the completion of our text. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. and August Frugé. Alexander Apanius. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Recognition is due Robert B. Herbert J. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. and Elizabeth Bryce. former managing editors. and the horticulturist. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. have also been of assistance. Betty Rea. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. as expediter and typist. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. former director of same. past presidents. Wanda Ritchie.. librarian.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Finally. Keebler and the late Everest P. A lecturer on herbs. Special thanks are due James C. and Joanna Reed. too. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. president. Swanson and Robert B. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Isaacson. Susan Frugé.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
fences. and structures. lay out a plan of the property. not at all difficult to maintain. a front dooryard. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. partially excavated area." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. to increase the value of the property. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Its interest is independent of flowers. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. temples of worship. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. If no ." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. new plants. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. and decisions must not be left to chance. As Henry Beston reflects. As one constantly reinforces the other. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. some of which are evergreen. or an abandoned. In order to create a fine garden design. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. new ways of seeing. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Perennial herbs. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. the north point will have been indicated. and hedges will have been located. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer." A good design does not "happen. "Not difficult to plan.
and hedges.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. fences. Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > .
measurements are in engineer's scale. but with all needed information. A deed description. such as the one illustrated here. Here. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. too. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. and the driveway. too. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. Next. In the absence of a survey map. other significant structures. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. The object is to . will give the lot or acreage measurements. In this example. to locate the house. measure to locate the house. Other areas may require a smaller scale. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are.
The tools needed for drawing are few. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. shrubs. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. driveway. triangleof inexpensive plastic. and parallel lines. The smaller the scale. < previous page page_3 next page > . T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. lines at an angle. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. and unusual land features noted. paths. enclosures.
gazebo. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. In some cases. and stone. A toolhouse. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. and hedges of hemlock." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. iron. and holly. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. or summer kitchen is ideal. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. Upkeep. In the absence of a structure. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. old smokehouse. One basic rule is the higher the wall. However. brick. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. bayberry. greenhouse. garage. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. yew. In the designs that follow. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . With the plan on paper. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
too. At first. for reinforcing the design. whether it will be rocks. yew. When used with a hedge. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Rosemary. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Gates are part of the enclosure. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. so give them much thought. they can be made to order. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. If desired. Where air circulation is much needed. Stained.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. elegant box. holly. bricks. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Whatever the reason. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. For example. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. but the results will confirm this course. deeply evergreen. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. If used. Equally important is proportion. When this reinforcement is understated. or pressure-treated lumber. or natural. or. it will seem too sparsely planted. annual painting is a necessity. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. railroad ties. Lower cost is an advantage. Stone. some deciduous and some evergreen. if wood is the material of choice. gray surfaces are found. and rosemary. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. however. used for dry wall or masonry construction. cut stones. Styles are legion. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. landscape timbers. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. as in outdoor room dividers. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. painted. box. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. a temporary garden that may be changed later. as an example. In some climates. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Allow adequate room within the row. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Generally. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. the garden design is most attractive. . it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. for example. and their styles are countless. such as bayberry. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today.
the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. there is a necessary. Conversely. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. or red. Paths must be ample. appearance. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. but should be compatible with. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. If groups are walking through. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. cost. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. the greater the tread. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. The colors are various: terracotta. and maintenance. Step materials need not be the same as. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. There are. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. rosy pink. however. their use no less than comfortable. Choose the path material equally for comfort. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. because they are just that. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. for example. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Access paths. making the design more evident. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. . A width of four feet allows room for turning. It is a general rule that the less the riser. too. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart.
A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .
It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. This. With these recommendations in mind.) To avoid having a slippery surface. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. serviceberry. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. they should not shade the herbs too much. a result being hazardous footing. is an enjoyable experience. prepare a planting plan for each. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. bark or pine needles can be used.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. When they mature. They are easily renewed as they break down. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. a soft-lead pencil in hand. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. or trees to be considered. If the garden is made up of separate beds. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . too. shrubs. and many good references are available. shad Malus coronaria.
'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. whether they are invasive or tall growing. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Artifacts As with other gardens. noting well their growth habits. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. too. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. or whatever is best in your case. lemon thyme. Sept. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. however. 'Mount Hood daff. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. one-half inch equals one foot. for example. Often this center of interest is a sundial. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Do use a soft-lead pencil. a focal point is customarily used. it is easily read and easily erased. It needs. for example. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. such as the one illustrated here. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image.
Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. < previous page page_9 next page > . a niche of its own should be created. Again. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. the height of a fence to the house. If a statue less than life-size is used. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. It is then in scale with its frame.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
with one basic rule always needing to be observed. that of good proportion. For easy reference. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. a stylized drawing of an ovary. However. Except for two. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. the designs have a decorative north point. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
22. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Lobularia maritima. dill cerasiforme. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 5.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 6. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana.A. Lavenders accent the front corners.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Poterium sanguisorba. or other structure. A.Ocimum basilicum. 21.Melissa officinalis. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. 16. lemon balm . Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.Thymus praecox subsp. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Satureja montana. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. lovage 17. sativa. Landscape Architect. salad burnet 12.Pelargonium graveolens. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. The rules of symmetry are observed. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. With color and texture considered for contrast. fennel 2. bee balm 13.Viola tricolor. rose 24. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 3.Satureja hortensis.S.Galium odoratum. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. Foeniculum vulgare. 1.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. arcticus 27. 7. 4. a fence.Allium 11.L. which is used here in relation to a garage. 14. 26. lemon 15. sweet 25. summer 23.
sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita.8. Pelargonium × limoneum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. dwarf garden 20. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. chive 18. costmary 'Albus'. 19. Greek 28. leek 9.Origanum heracleoticum.Porrum Group. curly parsley 10.
. bush basil 3. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda didyma. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 9.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 18.Pelargonium graveolens. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Pelargonium tomentosum. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. perhaps overgrown with weeds. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. white 20. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Lavandula angustifolia. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. summer 10.Aloysia triphylla. 13.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. rose 19. 11. Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon 2. curly parsley sativa. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var. as was done here. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Foeniculum vulgare. 17. 12. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon verbena 21.Allium schoenoprasum.
English'.Galium odoratum.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. eglantine 23.Origanum majorana.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. 14.Rosa eglanteria.salad burnet 6. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . 16. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Heliotropium arborescens. English thyme dill 8.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.
rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. sweet marjoram 3. 1. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Petroselinum crispum. summer savory 11.Salvia officinalis. Then the design might need to be expanded. 9. however. spearmint 16.Poterium sanguisorba. lovage 15. making the beds larger and the paths wider. The number in each planting area is the key number. 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Taxus cuspidata.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Thymus × citriodorus. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Even in limited space. 13. Origanum majorana.Mentha spicata. The image would soon give way to other considerations. . parsley 5. lemon thyme 10. however. English thyme Greek oregano 4.Allium schoenoprasum. still observing a scale. Origanum heracleoticum.L. The garden is conveniently located.Satureja hortensis.Chionanthus virginicus. garden sage 8. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Levisticum officinale. dill 2.Artemisia dracunculus var. Japanese yew 17. and the plan could be used at a front door.A. A. salad burnet 14. sativa.S. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.
Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.6. sweet basil chive 12.
Artemisia dracunculus var. The number in each planting area is the key number. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. Viola odorata.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.Polemonium reptans. 25.Osmunda cinnamomea. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. Dictamnus albus. hop sativa. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Pulmonaria officinalis. the challenge is obvious. 6. 1. lavender marjoram 2.Digitalis grandiflora. 13.Convallaria majalis. fennel 19. garden sage 17. 31. This is an intimate garden.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet violet 16. 32.Teucrium chamaedrys. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 28. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. 9. cinnamon fern 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 7.S.Polystichum acrostichoides. 30. salad 20. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. yellow 29.Primula vulgaris. 8. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. Landscape Architect. bee balm 14.L. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. fraxinella 15.Asarum canadense.Stachys byzantina. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. summer 21.Humulus lupulus. Monarda didyma. blue lungwort 26. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. wild ginger 27. 33.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Allium ampeloprasum. Jacob's-ladder 3.A. The long. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Christmas fern 5. A. 18. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.
Galium odoratum.Korean box 11. 35.Sorbus americana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Satureja montana.savory germander Willmott'. Canada hemlock Standard'.Buxus microphylla var. French'.Tsuga canadensis. yellow bedstraw 23. French thyme woodruff koreana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. sweet 34. crispum.lilac 10. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . curly parsley mountain ash 12.Petroselinum crispum var. winter savory 24.Galium verum.
French Greek oregano sorrel 11. geometric design. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. it became part of the patio." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. dill 10.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. garden sage 20. One of the beds. 1. devoted to a "yearly surprise. To be placed near the kitchen. It is a pleasing. lemon verbena 2. this design can be an inspiration. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. Even so. Italian parsley .Origanum heracleoticum. 19. Surprisingly. neapolitanum.Rumex scutatus.Petroselinum crispum var.
French tarragon 5. sweet 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chervil marjoram 21. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Satureja montana.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. sweet 13.3. curly parsley 22. garlic chive 26.Satureja hortensis. crispum. English thyme bush basil 8.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Ocimum basilicum.Allium schoenoprasum.Anthriscus cerefolium.Myrrhis odorata.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. summer savory 23. lemon balm cicely 6. sweet 18. Alpine strawberry 7. 16.17.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Ocimum basilicum 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. basil sativa. purple basil 4.Allium tuberosum. chive 25.Borago officinalis. salad 15. borage 'Purpurascens'.Origanum majorana.Artemisia dracunculus var. winter savory 24. lemon basil 9.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Petroselinum crispum var.
Lavandula angustifolia.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Thymus × citriodorus. it is an unusual. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Pelargonium in variety.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. The center beds here were established in this way. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. To increase the planting area. purple basil 4. rosemary 3.Galium odoratum. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Satureja montana. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Santolina virens. geometric design. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. blue 22. 14. As a whole.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Hyssopus officinalis. Created in an orderly way. gray . it is full of interesting angles.Myrrhis odorata.C. so. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Stachys byzantina. English lavender 10. 19. lamb's-ears 20. sweet cicely 23. green santolina 12. winter 21. scented-leaf geranium 2. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. D. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. too. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. 1. the work paths could be eliminated. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. sweet 13.
6. American southernwood holly 17.Myrtus communis.Artemisia camphorata. classic myrtle 9.Ilex opaca. germander 16. French thyme santolina 15. 25. camphor-scented wormwood 8. horehound24. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Dianthus caryophyllus.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. silver mound artemisia 18. clove pink 7.
tansy 25. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Calendula officinalis. Achillea millefolium. this herb garden is secluded. winter savory 16. sweet basil 4. borage 23. rosemary 15. yarrow 12. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Job's tears 11. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Sometimes space is limited. blue hyssop 2. casts the shadow for the hour. French tarragon 14. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Artemisia dracunculus var. which adds its impression of warmth. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum.Satureja montana.Borago officinalis. This center of interest is of particular note.Melissa officinalis. Coix lacryma-jobi. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.Artemisia absinthium. too. sativa. arcticus 21. pot marigold 24. absinthe 26. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosmarinus officinalis. Its arrow points north and. purple basil 3. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. English lavender 6.Chamaemelum . the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. lemon balm 22.Tanacetum vulgare. sweet woodruff 5. Lavandula angustifolia. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. gray santolina 13. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. Galium odoratum. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.
Salvia officinalis.7. white creeping thyme nobile.Symphytum officinale. chive 18. wild marjoram 28. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. comfrey20. costmary 'Albus'. Salvia elegans. pineapplescented sage 9. variegated garden sage 8.Origanum majorana.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. scented-leaf 27.Carya illinoinensis. marjoram pecan 10. sweet 29. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Pelargonium in variety.Chrysanthemum balsamita. garden sage 19.Syringa.Origanum vulgare. chamomile 17.
Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely 37. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Myrrhis odorata.Origanum majorana. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Pelargonium graveolens. 6. hyssop Meyer lemon .Salvia officinalis. for example lemon balm and spearmint. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Allium schoenoprasum. sativa.Satureja hortensis.Pelargonium × limoneum. blue 23.Ipomoea alba. 29. When controlled in this way. parsley 17. French sorrel 21. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 3. horehound 33. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. sunken into the ground.Marrubium vulgare. summer 32. Anthriscus cerefolium. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. chervil 15. true ginger16. rue 31.Ruta graveolens. sweet 34. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 36.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. 30. 18.Galium odoratum. 9. The more invasive ones.Melissa officinalis. lovage 22. 5. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon balm 35. 19. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 20.Apium graveolens. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 4. garlic Levisticum officinale. 8. rose geranium 2. 7. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Allium sativum.
10. lemon verbena 11.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lemonthyme 28.Tropaeolum minus.Magnolia virginiana.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Greek oregano 12. sweet basil 38.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. dwarf nasturtium 13. French thyme 24.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum. salad burnet 25.Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil 14. English thyme 26. Japanese yew 39.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus. spearmint 27. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Origanum heracleoticum.
however. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. simplify!. a quick way to ensure good drainage. < previous page page_22 next page > .< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. but. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. "Simplify. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. whatever the reason. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
12.Ruta graveolens. jewelweed24.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 18.Melissa officinalis.Lactuca sativa.Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja hortensis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia absinthium. spicebush absinthe French'.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. tansy 11.Lindera benzoin.Mentha spicata.Anethum graveolens.Aloe barbadensis. peppermint 23.Artemisia dracunculus var. lettuce 10. lemon 22.Salvia officinalis.Capsicum frutescens.Monarda didyma. French tarragon 5.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. aloe Grossum Group. parsley 2. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Petroselinum crispum. 1.Mentha x piperita.Allium fistulosum. dill 13. 26. bell pepper 6. bee balm 19. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. garden sage 3.Impatiens capensis. summer basil savory 7. sweet 15. rue 20. 16.Hedeoma pulegioides.Origanum majorana. sweet 25. arcticus.Rosmarinus officinalis. spearmint 21. balm sativa.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 17. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. 14.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
encloses this plan. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A low wall of brick. French thyme 2. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. horizontally laid bluestone. germander 7. 8. . arcticus 14. 1. Russian 13. too. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. Perovskia abrotanoides. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. faced and capped with random. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. Thymus praecox subsp. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically.Pelargonium in variety.Teucrium chamaedrys. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.
Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus. blue 11.angustifolia. lady's6.Santolina neapolitana 4.Galium odoratum.Campsis radicans.-John'swort 17. lavender 3.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 5.Alchemilla vulgaris. crimson creeping thyme 9. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Hamamelis virginiana. lemon balm hyssop 12. trumpet vine 16.Viburnum cassinoides. arcticus 'Albus'. lemon thyme 10. witch hazel 18. St.
bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. lilac. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. It is. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. Germander is a proper edging here. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. holly. Although this is not a large garden. box. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. however. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. However. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. the shrubsyew. < previous page page_28 next page > .< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Viola odorata. Heliotropium arborescens. 1. sweet albula. Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Anemone pulsatilla. arcticus 'Albus'. clary 30. gray sage savory 14. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. Myrrhis odorata. Corsican 24.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Artemisia frigida.Salvia sclarea. prostrate rosemary 13. florentina. Simkins'.Stachys byzantina. alpine strawberry 8.Syringa patula.Eloise & Jo Ray.Santolina virens. lilac 45. lavender 22. Alchemilla vulgaris.Iris cristata.Borago officinalis. columnal yew 43.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. sweet violet 19.Comptonia peregrina.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. Mentha requienii.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Satureja montana. winter 29. shrubby cinquefoil 46. woolly thyme 7. blue horehound hyssop 3. classic myrtle 15. cottage pink 2.Iris × germanica var. broom 40. Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia ludoviciana var. red creeping thyme 10.Dictamnus albus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. rue 6. santolina alpine pink 28.Santolina pinnata 34.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Artemisia camphorata. lamb'sears 35. Marrubium vulgare. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.20.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Japanese yew 44. Japanese holly 47.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. fraxinella 33.Myrtus communis. 9. sweet cicely17.Salvia leucophylla. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf crested iris 39.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf privet 48.Chamaemelum nobile. crimson creeping thyme 31.Hyssopus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. dwarf box 41. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. 21. lady's. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. white creeping thyme 37. 32.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. fringed wormwood 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 23. Japanese holly 42.Thymus praecox subsp. germander 36.Cytisus supinus. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 12. 18. white hyssop 4. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Chrysanthemum coccineum. mantle chamomile 5. orris 38.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Ruta graveolens. green 27. 26.
This hedge. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. an herb garden. and a vegetable garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. while adding to the enclosure of the area. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. a running bond pattern. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. a cutting garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. Other paths are brick. The direction a path takes can add interest. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. < previous page page_30 next page > . and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. the center of interest for the herb garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds.
A. Landscape Architect. A. .S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L.
green santolina 42. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Magnolia virginiana.Ribes alpinum. helenium 4. purple basil Japanese holly 17. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. 1.Aloysia triphylla. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 51. French tarragon 8. 37.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. lemon thyme 40. lamb's-ears 49.Chrysanthemum × superbum. 55. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. yellow 35. bush basil 41.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Allium christophii. alpine strawberry 3. lemon 29. French thyme 7. yellow 24. garden sage 56.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. starsMaxima'.Hyssopus officinalis. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. clary 46. verbena rose chive 11.Origanum heracleoticum. blue 27.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Polystichum acrostichoides.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. summer 34. Christmas 48.Origanum majorana. Stokes' aster 31.Thymus × citriodorus.Ocimum basilicum 54. statice Solemacher'.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Lilium candidum. blue iris 9. candytuft Standard'. cottage pink French'. 14. pale 28.Pelargonium in variety. 22.Galium odoratum. 52. fraxinella 26.Satureja hortensis.Satureja montana. sweet marjoram 45. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. germander 39. white 'Bouquet'.Petroselinum crispum var.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. Anethum graveolens 23.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. dill wishbone flower 5.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. double white peony of-Persia 12. plantain lily 2.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. 32.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. Louise'. Campanula persicifolia. winter savory 44.Stokesia laevis.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. yellow epimedium 15. Achillea taygetea. 47. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Allium schoenoprasum.Limonium latifolium. lavender 18. 53.Artemisia dracunculus var.Teucrium chamaedrys.Helleborus niger.Santolina virens. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 50.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia sclarea.Digitalis grandiflora. Aquilegia chrysantha. Dictamnus albus.Stachys byzantina. blue hyssop 43. sativa. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Hemerocallis × luteola. York-andLancaster rose 16.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.
< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. as in this case. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. While serving as a soil retainer. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. < previous page page_32 next page > . The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation.
. lamb's25. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Tanacetum vulgare var. borage 26. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. bee balm 24. lady's43.Solanum pseudocapsicum.45. lemon 22. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. Monarda didyma. 1.A. Landscape Architect.Viola odorata. sweet 23. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Allium schoenoprasum. English 44. F. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Aloysia triphylla. crispum.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. Stachys byzantina. spearmint 41.Lavandula angustifolia. Melissa officinalis.Galium odoratum. lemon verbena 46.R.Mentha spicata.Iris pseudacorus. Ocimum basilicum.Alchemilla vulgaris. 42. Borago officinalis.A. 21.Iris cristata.
Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. pineapple38. rue 51. catnip 50.Capsicum frutescens.Ruta graveolens.Allium tuberosum.Origanum majorana. Proliferum Group. myrtle 58.Allium cepa. French tarragon holly 13.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. wild 39.Petroselinum crispum var.Quercus stellata. carpet bugleweed 8. pennyroyal 54.Salvia officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. horehound neapolitanum. absinthe English thyme 27.Crataegus arkansana.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha pulegium. mullein chive 47. Egyptian onion 11. tabasco senna pepper 20. citrata.Petroselinum crispum var.Cassia marilandica. savory sativa. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. polyantha rose 12. clove 55.Cornus florida. rosemary 9. garden sage 36.Elaeagnus pungens.Nepeta cataria. 37. orange mint 29.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium sativum. post crispum 'Banquet'. Poterium sanguisorba. pink hawthorn 16.Dianthus caryophyllus. Rosmarinus officinalis. 56. flowering dogwood 15. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. 57. southernwood 31. Porrum Group.Allium ampeloprasum. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. sweet marjoram 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Greek 53.Vinca minor.Origanum heracleoticum. garlic chive 48. 40.Verbascum thapsus.Foeniculum vulgare.Mentha × piperita var.Rosa × rehderana. summer 32.Satureja hortensis. salad burnet 10. 52. leek 49.Artemisia absinthium.Marrubium vulgare. dill 34. curly parsley oak 17.7. fennel 35.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. curly mint 30. Ajuga reptans.Salvia elegans. 33. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Chrysanthemum balsamita.
However. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. < previous page page_34 next page > . inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. and vinegars. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. Although this is a northeast exposure. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. mothproofing bags. sleep pillows.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered.
< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox. Landscape Architect .
French gray santolina sorrel 8. 24. dwarf savory garden sage 13. purple basil sage 11.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. garden 'Purpurascens'. Ruta graveolens.Allium moly. blue hyssop 35.Artemisia abrotanum.Monarda didyma. dwarf nasturtium 37. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. rue 26. florentina.Allium sativum var. Roman 20. lemon 31. balm valerian 15.Alchemilla vulgaris. chive 43.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium × limoneum.The number in each planting area is the key number. Artemisia pontica. 50.Laurus nobilis. Egyptian onion 42.Salvia officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. nutmeg geranium 39.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. pot 28.Pelargonium fragrans. 23.Iris × germanica var.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Tsuga canadensis.Galium odoratum. 'President Poincare'.Allium schoenoprasum. salad 22.Tropaeolum minus. Thymus × citriodorus. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Agastache foeniculum. 49.Mentha spicata. 'Monge'. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Salvia elegans.Salvia oficinalis.Allium cepa. crispum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium pulchellum 47. sativa. anise hyssop 14. lavender 7.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis . Poterium sanguisorba.Hemerocallis. peppermint geranium 40.Pelargonium graveolens. Hallock'. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium sphaerocephalum. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. 21. tansy 16. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lemon 18. lettuce in variety 25. bay 48.Thuja occidentalis. orris 17. French tarragon 10.Ocimum basilicum 27.Rumex scutatus. burnet lovage 6. lemon verbena 36. lily leek 44.Levisticum officinale. American rosemary arborvitae 34. costmary 5. winter 29. Petroselinum crispum var.Calendula officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. Lactuca. daylily in variety 41. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Valeriana officinalis. bee balm 30. 19. Proliferum Group. garden sage 2. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. round-headed garlic 46. southernwood 9. 1. lilac 32.Satureja montana.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium tomentosum.
The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. A simple knot. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. < previous page page_36 next page > . Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. is the focus of the middle level. Invasive. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals.
French tarragon 44.Salvia elegans.Armeria maritima. pineapplescented sage 47. Satureja montana 'Nana'. dwarf winter savory 2. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. sativa. foxglove 4.Marrubium vulgare.Foeniculum vulgare. valerian 5. pineapple mint 22.Satureja hortensis. Valeriana officinalis. houseleek 45. 1.Monarda didyma.Sempervivum tectorum. thyme 3.Poterium sanguisorba. golden thyme .Thymus 'Clear Gold'. fennel 25. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. salad burnet 23. bee balm 26. white thrift 24. horehound 46. Digitalis purpurea. summer savory 43.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var.
Levisticum officinale. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . rue 31.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosa chinensis. 30. 39.Artemisia absinthium.Crocus sativus.Foeniculum vulgare. white creeping thyme aconite 14. annual clary 51.Anemone pulsatilla.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. lavender Christmas rose 11. winter bugloss 'Albus'. rosemary 28. arcticus 55.Alchemilla vulgaris.Origanum majorana. 40. fraxinella 8.Helleborus niger. marigold chive 15.Salvia officinalis. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Sium sisarum. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Myrrhis odorata. 33. garden 42.Thymus praecox subsp. pink 59.6.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Hyssopus officinalis. white 58.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. skirret 60.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Madonna cicely lily 12. Dictamnus albus. sweet 32.Calendula officinalis.Galium odoratum. 61. China rose comfrey 19. pink 62. Salvia sclarea.Symphytum officinale. clary 48.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Ocimum basilicum.Teucrium chamaedrys. angelica Lenten rose 10. sweet basil sage 27.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. sweet 37. Angelica archangelica.Salvia viridis. viper's 34. pot 35.Helleborus orientalis. 38. dyer's woad 7.Ruta graveolens. yellow 41.Agrimonia eupatoria. feverfew climbing rose 16.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. dwarf edging box 21. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. French'.Lavandula angustifolia.Lilium candidum.Eranthis hyemalis. 54. parthenium.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 50. blue hyssop 57.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Rosa eglanteria.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. English 52.Chrysanthemum 36.Galium verum. germander 56.Laurus nobilis. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Echium vulgare. absinthe 53. Isatis tinctoria.
even though space is limited. Carya ovata. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. < previous page page_38 next page > . and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and the shagbark hickory. However. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. There is variety in this plan. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast.
Paxton. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.
monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. stewardsonii. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis.Galium verum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. dogwood Salvia sclarea. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. Marrubium vulgare. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Canada Isatis tinctoria. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. box Buxus sempervirens. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. flax Buxus sempervirens. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. Poterium sanguisorba. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. citrata.Arisaema triphyllum. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. Adiantum pedatum. angelica Mondarda didyma. rue Cornusflorida. box Carya ovata. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. Artemisia absinthium. lamb's. French Galium odoratum. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. sativa. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. red mint . bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. valerian Rosa damascena. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. germander Agastache foeniculum. Aloysia triphylla. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. box Ruta graveolens. borage Petroselinum crispum. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. green santolina Primula veris. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. Asarum canadense. sweet basil Satureja montana. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. chive Ilex opaca.
Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .
This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. For this appearance. a dipping pool there. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. it is open on the side facing the house. first intended for the construction of a cottage. However. An informal. too. this excavation. < previous page page_40 next page > . So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. unplanned look was desired. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. A clump of birch here. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. A singular statue of St. is on a sandy knoll. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Mentha suaveolens. Thymus × citriodorus.Teucrium canadense. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Angelica archangelica.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Chelidonium majus.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Lavandula angustifolia. 'Prostratus'. golden 37. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 59. 32. 67. Sempervivum tectorum. chive crispum. 63.Origanum vulgare. gray scented sage santolina 4.Mentha pulegium.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum majorana. 36.Convallaria majalis. 72. 31. marsh 42.Anethum graveolens.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. peppermint 47.Urginea maritima.Salvia officinalis. 33. pineapple3.Ajuga reptans.Betula papyrifera.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 65. 64.Stachys byzantina.Consolida orientalis. sweet 71.Valeriana officinalis. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. myrtle 14.Chrysanthemum 80. lemon 35.Allium favum lovage 22. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Myrrhis odorata.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. spearmint 45. lemon balm 44. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 58. purple basil 9. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium crispum.Mentha spicata. 68. rose geranium 10.Armeria maritima.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pelargonium quercifolium.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. Thymus praecox subsp. 75.Salvia elegans. red mint 48. orris chamaecyparissus. Ruta graveolens. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Coriandrum sativum.Mentha × gentilis. 79.Thymus praecox subsp.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. 8. orange geranium 11. thrift55. apple mint 49.Artemisia abrotanum. creeping juniper 26. blue 2. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. bee balm .Achillea tomentosa. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. Iris × germanica var.Glechoma hederacea.Althaea officinalis. 70.Origanum onites. catnip 73. wild 51.Monarda didyma. 1.Santolina florentina. French'. rue 29.Digitalis purpurea. 78. fern-leaf tansy 23.Hyssopus officinalis. 61. pennyroyal 46.Nepeta cataria.Marrubium vulgare. pot 66.Allium schoenoprasum. winter savory 20. wild 43.Petroselinum crispum.Levisticum officinale. white birch English lavender parthenium. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Vinca minor. mint 50.Satureja montana. 74. 34.Pelargonium denticulatum. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 30. 38.Monarda fistulosa.Pulmonaria officinalis. 69. 53. 60.Rosa 'Merry England'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Thymus herba-barona. garden sage lungwort 57. 12.Digitalis grandiflora. Johnny-jump-up54.Anthriscus cerefolium. 77.Pelargonium graveolens. sea onion angelica 24.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. feverfew 27.Mentha × piperita.Melissa officinalis. 76.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.The number in each planting area is the key number. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. rose bergamot valerian 25. celandine cicely 18. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. woolly thyme 13.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Poterium sanguisorba.Viola tricolor. Artemisia dracunculusvar. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 52.
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Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Foundation stone. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. and the two small trees. Because of the edging box. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. the accents of the six large box. the same as the smokehouse construction. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. making it more a part of the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . is used for the wall. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.
A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .L.A. Landscape Architect.S.
English 'Minimum'. 22. Symphytum officinale.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Artemisia frigida.Ocimum basilicum 32.Mentha spicata. rosemary 3.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha requienii.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. purple basil sativa.Mentha × piperita var.Viola tricolor.Ocimum basilicum 30. 39. crownbasil savory imperial 11. 35. 40.Levisticum officinale. lemon 34. 31. 'Purpurascens'. sweet 37.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . French tarragon ornamental onion 9. winter 42.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Alchemilla vulgaris. 41.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lilium candidum.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. balm citrata. lemon basil 15.Myrrhis odorata.Prunus domestica. Rosmarinus officinalis. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. lemon 36. Pelargonium graveolens. chive comfrey curly mint 8. Ocimum basilicum 24.Mentha × piperita. bee balm 29.Aloysia triphylla. sweet 26. 47. spearmint 48. Corsican 33. fringed 43. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Allium giganteum.Buxus sempervirens. Lavandula angustifolia. summer 25. species in variety crispum.38. 1. Origanum majorana. Satureja hortensis.Satureja montana. fraxinella 17. verbena English thyme 5. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. blue angelica lungwort 20.Tanacetum vulgare var. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum.Fritillaria imperialis. Asarum europaeum. sweet marjoram 2. European ginger 4.Crataegus laevigata.Chrysanthemum 28. 21. Dictamnus albus.Artemisia abrotanum.Galium odoratum. dwarf edging box 14. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. pineapple mint 18. white 23. 44.Angelica archangelica. sweet cicely45.Crocus. lady's. balsamita.Pulmonaria officinalis. lovage 46.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. box 'Citriodorum'.Melissa officinalis. orange mint 19. 27.
This hedge. the dwarf box edging. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Lowgrowing. although it is ample at four feet.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. a soil retainer. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. too. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. < previous page page_44 next page > . Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. The dipping bowl. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Instead. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. two specimen shrubs. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. This is true also of the stone curbing. pink of Dianthus. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden.
< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .S. A.A. Landscape Architect.L.
American 38. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Crocus speciosus. Spanish bluebell 16.Sternbergia lutea.Crocus angustifolius. Stachys byzantina. 53.Narcissus triandrus var. 20. verbena snowflake 19.Crocus kotschyanus.Crocus tomasinianus. tulip citrata. 61. Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum.Mertensia virginica. orange mint 8. 17. black cohosh windflower 15. lamb's-ears 28.Cimicifuga racemosa. Compactus'. catmint 35.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Tulipa clusiana. 'Lanuginosus'.Teucrium canadense. 43.Digitalis grandiflora. prostrate rosemary 18. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Madonna 63. 51. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Galium odoratum.Leucojum aestivum. arcticus 34.Thymus praecox subsp. 40. Salvia officinalis. angel's-tears 59.Allium giganteum angelica 11. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Borago officinalis. lemon 33.Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus doerfleri. golden thyme41.Hamamelis virginiana. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 26.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. white 42.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 50. rue25.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Mentha spicata.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Convallaria majalis.Levisticum officinale.Helleborus lividus subsp. 58. 44.57. clary 32. sweet 27.Thymus herba-barona. 52. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Angelica archangelica.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Mentha × piperita. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. marjoram crocus 7. sweet 47.Santolina virens. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Anemone blanda. 56. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. lemon 60.Heliotropium arborescens. 2. 46.Tulipa kaufmanniana. winter savory 39. angustifolia 'Nana'. 54.Nepeta mussinii.Dicentra spectabilis.Galanthus nivalis.Narcissus asturiensis. gray 22.Myrica pensylvanica. sweet 55. white creeping thyme lovage 10. Thymus praecox subsp. caraway thyme albus. 45. thyme 29.Salvia sclarea.Lilium candidum. 1.Satureja montana.Allium christophii. arcticus 30. 36.Pelargonium in variety. borage 31. spearmint 48.Aloysia triphylla. 49.The number in each planting area is the key number.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Mentha × piperita var. green santolina 37.Helleborus niger. lily.Pelargonium in variety. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.
This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Second. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. very livable and profoundly satisfying. The results have been most satisfying. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. First. Morning sun warms it early. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time.
26. Porrum Group. Thymus × citriodorus. Beauty'. crocus 44.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. lemon 21. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. English thyme 43.Salvia officinalis. marigold 41. wild celery 42. 25.L. garden sage 4. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. French tarragon 5. Thymus praecox subsp. 'Lambrook Silver'. absinthe sativa. Ocimum basilicum.A. sweet basil 23.Tagetes 'Lulu'. woolly thyme 3. .Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. A.Allium ampeloprasum.Apium graveolens. 1.Tulipa tarda. clary thyme 22. The number in each planting area is the key number. tulip 45. Landscape Architect.Crocus sieberi. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Salvia sclarea.Allium neapolitanum.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Artemisia lactiflora. leek 46.S. Origanum heracleoticum. Artemisia absinthium 24.
Asclepias tuberosa.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Hyssopus officinalis. catmint 53.Crataegus phaenopyrum. lamb's-ears 52. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. white evergreen azalea 16.Clematis 'Mrs. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. curly parsley 20. 39.Galium mollugo.Dianthus × allwoodii.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. butterfly 47.Dictamnus albus.Ilex opaca.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. weed chive 48.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.foxglove 7.Origanum majorana. 8. 29. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. American marjoram Yellow'. sweet 37.Achillea filipendula 60.Allium senescens var. viola holly 18.Aconitum napellus. 58. 56.Malus hupehensis.Allium schoenoprasum. lovage 34. pale 49.Ipomoea alba.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . monkshood upright yew 17.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Tropaeolum minus.Artemisia camphorata. alpine 28. red currant gray santolina 13. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Nepeta × faassenii.Levisticum officinale.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. blue 38. bee balm foxglove Choice'. lobelia Sherbert'.Ribes sativum. yellow 55. Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 50. pink 30.Lobelia siphilitica. American elderberry 15. 32.Santolina virens. dogwood 19. Robert verbena Brydon'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Stachys byzantina. clematis 11.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 54.Digitalis grandiflora.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Cornus florida. fraxinella 36.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Aloysia triphylla. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. great 31.Petroselinum crispum var. Viola odorata. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. green 40.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
The four herb beds.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. an impression of Sol in it. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. even though the growing area is not extensive. are raised with bricks on edge. Well-drained as they are. repeats again the octagonal form. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A birdbath of copper.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula angustifolia. Anethum graveolens. purple basil 24. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Artemisia abrotanum. curly mint 3. prostrate rosemary 34. 42. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Artemisia dracunculus var. 16. 1.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Heliotropium arborescens. bush basil 23.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla. lamb's-ears 17.Salvia sclarea. French tarragon 7. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Pelargonium tomentosum. orange santolina geranium 11. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina 25. sweet woodruff 9. peppermint 4. 28.Rosmarinus officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. clary 21. lemon 39.Pelargonium graveolens. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. variegated garden sage 37. thyme salad burnet 40. 27. lemon 41. white creeping thyme 12.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum.Ruta graveolens. Stachys byzantina. angustifolia. crispum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Petroselinum crispum var. absinthe 20. 19. French 26. dill 18.Mentha × piperita. Artemisia absinthium. curly parsley 32.Joan E. lemon 30. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. 43.Nepeta mussinii.Marrubium vulgare. catmint 6.Lavandula dentata. 29.Pelargonium denticulatum. silver mound artemisia 8. sativa. spearmint southernwood 5. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Galium odoratum. heliotrope 31.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium crispum. clove pink 10. purple variegated garden sage 36.Salvia officinalis. lavender 15. Semple.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Mentha spicata. rue 35. sweet basil 22. rosemary 33. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Poterium sanguisorba. golden variegated garden sage 38. English thyme horehound 2.
Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. A birdbath may replace the pool.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. too. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. a toolhouse. rose geranium. A suitable fence. < previous page page_52 next page > . flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. if neither is available. rose. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. and lantana are a few. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. lemon verbena. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Thymus praecox subsp. 9.S. lavender 3. Landscape Architect.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. bush basil 5.Chamaemelum nobile. 7. sweet santolina marjoram 6. 13.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. lemon 10.A. absinthe 'Minimum'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Tanacetum vulgare var. A. green 12.Santolina virens. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. geranium 16.Origanum majorana.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. zonal geranium 18. fern-leaf tansy 8. gray santolina chamomile 14. crispum. verbena ambrosia 4. zonal geranium 19.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Chenopodium botrys. white creeping thyme 2. woolly thyme 15.Pelargonium frutetorum.Artemisia absinthium 11.L.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. heliotrope 21. lemon thyme 20. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus × citriodorus. rosescented geranium 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Heliotropium arborescens. 1.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.
The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. These can easily obliterate a design. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. the design is clearly traced. a deep mauve to others. mints. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. a sundial. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. The dwarf box frames the focal point. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. As the snows melt. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. apothecary's rose. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. but the design itself has endured forty years. Angelica. box. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Box and holly enclose it all. artemisias.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Valeriana officinalis.30.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Tanacetum vulgare var. piney 44. absinthe 34. orris 57. yew Beauty'. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. alpine 60.Teucrium chamaedrys.Asarum europaeum. 65.Reseda luteola. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. valerian 6.Stachys byzantina.Pulmonaria officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. winter savory 32.Sium sisarum. rosemary 25. Origanum majorana. Satureja montana. arcticus 39. weld 54.Lilium candidum.Melissa officinalis. skirret 53.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp. perilla 51. lamb's-ears 33. arcticus 38. 58.Vitis. orris box 22. bronze 64.Paeonia officinalis. Canadian burnet 13. Graham. lilac 70. Chamaemelum nobile. Santolina virens.Lamium album. Tropaeolum majus. houseleek Lenten rose 11. French thyme Madonna lily 16. sweet woodruff45. white creeping thyme French'.Sedum telephium. 59.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pot bergamot marjoram 7. 48. crimson creeping thyme 18.Artemisia absinthium.Astrantia major. 1. apothecary's rose lavender 20. feverfew 14.Arisaema dracontium.Syringa.Alchemilla alpina.Origanum onites.Helleborus atrorubens 12. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. wild 52.Santolina chamaecyparissus.47.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. grape fennel 19.Helleborus orientalis. 'Albus'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lady's-mantle 46. sweet 27. scented.Myrrhis odorata.Galium odoratum.63.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. green santolina 24. Dianthus caryophyllus.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. daffodil 17. thrift 41. florentina. blue 50.Lavandula dentata. dyer's woad 9. gray 37. arcticus 40. 67.Santolina neapolitana 36. 62.Perillafrutescens.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Armeria maritima.Isatis tinctoria.Symphytum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Alchemilla vulgaris. masterwort 69. dwarf edging box 21. 56.Iris × germanica var.Monarda fistulosa.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. blue hyssop 42. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . nasturtium 28.Pyrus communis.Helleborus niger. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. rue 23. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. garden sage Christmas rose 10. green.Hyssopus officinalis.Asclepias tuberosa. southernwood 2.James D. germander 43. bush basil nettle orpine 4. 26.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Artemisia camphorata. marjoram lungwort crispum.Taxus. chamomile 31.Sempervivum tectorum. 55. butterfly weed35.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. fern-leaf tansy 5.Buxus sempervirens.Allium schoenoprasum. Pelargonium in variety. white dead 49. white 66. clove pink 29.
The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. In addition to the brick edging around each. However. rising from the courtyard. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. include this one. The brick edging around each bed is a help. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. but no panacea for the maintenance required. They are small specialty beds. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. The large. < previous page page_56 next page > . pink. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. with buds of red. At the top of the steps. Rosa 'Albertine'. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. If there is room for only one rambler rose. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry.
English thyme .Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. caraway 24. lemon balm 42. angelica 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Carum carvi. 1. garden sage 40.Thymus × citriodorus.Satureja montana.Rheum rhabarbarum.Borago officinalis. winter savory 41. Angelica archangelica. 22.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. bush basil 43.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. 23.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. alpine strawberry 3. tansy Bois'.Tanacetum vulgare. Lavandula angustifolia. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Melissa officinalis. subsp. rhubarb 2. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. lavender 4. foxglove 39.
centifolia 'Cristata'. Mexican tea 18.Chenopodium 55.Chrysanthemum. muscosa 15. 49. pineapple34. 31.Lavandula dentata.R. centifolia. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Origanum majorana. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Mentha × piperita var.sativa.Petroselinum crispum var. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Marrubium vulgare. French'. rose 28.Pelargonium.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.6. 36. 56.Calendula officinalis.R.R. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Tagetes filifolia. 35.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. Consolida ambigua. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Allium schoenoprasum. clove pink Mammoth'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. sweet 37. geranium in 30.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. var.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Salvia elegans. prostrate rosemary 16. lemon 51. Hyssopus officinalis. Pelargonium graveolens.R.'Albertine'.Laurus nobilis. silver 27. Thymus 'Argenteus'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . marguerite chive 9. French 33. bourbon rose 10. thyme frutescens.Anethum graveolens 47. centifolia var. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. musk rose 12. 54.Poterium sanguisorba.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus Victoria'.Satureja hortensis. Irish-lace 48. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.R.Aloysia triphylla. salad 7.R.'Baronne Prevost'. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. 29.R.Chrysanthemum 46.Artemisia dracunculus 44. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. citrata. cheddar pink 53. blue hyssop 25. curly parsley 26. pot 50. 45.
Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. as it should be. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. too. It is near the house. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. < previous page page_58 next page > . Laid in an unusual pattern. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Balance is augmented. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Beautifully precise and symmetrical.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Heliotropium arborescens.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. santolina moss rose 7. 16. English'.A. lavender 2. chive lemon verbena 6. blue hyssop 13. green 22.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Myosotis sylvatica.Anethum graveolens.Santolina virens. English thyme signet marigold 11. white creeping thyme 4. angustifolia 'Munstead'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium schoenoprasum. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Origanum majorana. sweet basil 14. dill 9.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 19. dwarf edging box 8.Aloysia triphylla.Hyssopus officinalis. gray 15.Lucile Teeter Kissack. rosemary yellow viola 10. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. arcticus 'Albus'. heliotrope 3.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. Rosmarinus officinalis. double white peony 5. 1. 23.S.Ocimum basilicum. 21. Landscape Architect.Poterium sanguisorba. 20.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja hortensis.L. 17. A.Salvia officinalis.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.
The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. < previous page page_60 next page > . The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. The grape vines. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Herbs. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and a comfortable. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. the fence with roses. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. and the grape arbor. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. potted lemon verbena. too. winter pruned.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Valeriana officinalis. Althaea officinalis. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. conical yew rosemary 1.Amsonia tabernaemontana. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. marsh climbing rose. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. purple variegated garden sage 4. Aloysia triphylla. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon Linum perenne. Galium odoratum. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Iris cristata.Connecticut Vera Breed. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. three. Stachys byzantina. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Nepeta mussinii. BED II germander BED IV 2. Teucrium chamaedrys. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. 3. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. sweet climbing rose.
catmint 5. Chamaemelum nobile. angustifolia 'Munstead'. beach Marrubium vulgare. lemon Anemone hybrida. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Rosmarinus officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. creeping thyme in variety 8. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. fairy rose Giant'. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Delphinium × belladonna. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Thymus × citriodorus. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. lemon thyme 9. houseleek in variety 7. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. tuberosa 6. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lavender 10. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Sempervivum. plume Baptisia australis. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'.
A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. grew too large. this was replaced with ''edging" box. if desired. Herbs. silver. and bright green in the herb beds. planted in bands across these beds. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Later. blue green. tend to broaden the width of the garden. its detail is shown below.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Either it flourished too well. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. holly. Ivy. Another angle could be tried with these. magnolia. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. myrtle. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
borage 26.Magnolia grandiflora. Stachys byzantina.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. 25.Melissa officinalis. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Pelargonium × nervosum.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 22. French 27. Ruta graveolens. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. 33.Tanacetum vulgare.19. spearmint 42. bay rosemary 12.Pelargonium graveolens. English ivy burnet 10. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 1.Ilex opaca.Thymus praecox subsp. lamb's. dwarf edging box 11.Monarda didyma. sweet woodruff 36.Artemisia abrotanum. English thyme chamomile 2.Thymus carnosus. 44. tansy 45.Lavandula angustifolia.Marrubium vulgare. 28. winter 'Purpurascens'.Satureja montana. thyme 38.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. silver-king artemisia 23.Origanum majorana.Thymus herba-barona. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Hedera helix. lemon 46.Rumex scutatus. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 49. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. Borago officinalis. American holly 31.Mentha spicata.Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Pelargonium fragrans.Buxus sempervirens 14. lovage 48.Myrica pensylvanica.Thymus × citriodorus. 'Minimum'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. rue 20. caraway thyme 40. English'.Thymus doerfleri. ears rose geranium 3.Levisticum officinale. purple basil savory 35.Mentha suaveolens. woolly thyme 8. box chamaecyparissus. sweet 34. dwarf 21.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum 24. myrtle 47.Laurus nobilis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Vinca minor. salad 43. bush basil albula. 6. French thyme 39. purple garden sage 7. thyme 37. horehound germander 17. bayberry balm thyme 13. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. Tropaeolum minus. lemon 29.Chamaemelum nobile.Galium odoratum.Teucrium chamaedrys. gray santolina 15. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. white creeping thyme 41. lime geranium 4. bee balm30.Rosmarinus officinalis.
and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. standards.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. accent this prime focal point even more. potted shrubs. too. Laurus nobilis. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. < previous page page_64 next page > . Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. brick. too. and treessome of which are espaliered. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. adding to the space for walking. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. The use of flagstone. There is variety in the walks. The four potted bay. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. maypoles. It is a large garden. It is located for the best viewing.
Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Satureja montana. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. musty oakscented geranium 5. 49. lemon 29.Nigella damascena. 1. pot 52.P. Johnny-jump.50. apple English thyme up geranium 3.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 26.Chenopodium botrys.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.acerifolium.Calendula officinalis. winter 27. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.P. fragrans.odoratissimum.P.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.quercifolium.Viola tricolor. Thymus × citriodorus.P. 25. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. love-in.53. 51. wild 28. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .
Artemisia abrotanum.P.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium schoenoprasum. 58. dill 36. graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. sweet 37. 64.Pelargonium crispum. white sweet yarrow violet 13. strawberry 48.Achilleafilipendula.× nervosum.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. box 19. bronze 38.Levisticum officinale.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha. denticulatum 11. cherry tomato chive 17.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P.Viola odorata.Livingston'. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.P. 57. 41.Thymus serpyllum. bee balm 63. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Poncirus trifoliata.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon 65. radens.72. orange geranium 23. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. radens 'Dr. Hyssopus officinalis. wild thyme 31.Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme geranium 68. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.P.Origanum dictamnus. pheasant's. forsythia 'Albus'. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. 61.P. lemon-rose geranium 22. pine crispum. Chamaemelum nobile.Malus angustifolia. denticulatum.Mentha pulegium. lettuce 40. rosemary 9.Salvia officinalis. lettuce 39. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. Rosmarinus officinalis.P. chamomile 8. lemon balm 45.P. peppermint 67. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Myrtus communis.P. rose geranium66.Tanacetum vulgare var. arcticus43. 44. horehound 46.Acorus calamus. salad 42. classic 21.Monarda didyma. crispum 'Minor'.Forsythia. 62. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. English lavender 32. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Laurus nobilis. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. golden lemon thyme 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. 71.Salvia caerulea. lemon 47. lime geranium 55.Malus. fern-leaf 'Nana'.6.P.Artemisia dracunculus var. tomentosum.Allium senescens var. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. French tarragon Rose'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. camphor-scented geranium 69. crispum. parsley 35. blue hyssop 10.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon geranium 56. fern-leaf 60.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Petroselinum crispum.P.Fragaria vesca.P. glutinosum. lemon southernwood geranium 34. lemon geranium 33. garden sage 54.Melissa officinalis. bay 20. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Anethum graveolens. sweet flag 16.P. crowfoot 70.
In keeping with this feeling. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. and Allium karataviense. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. too. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The result is one of sculptured elegance. green santolina. < previous page page_66 next page > . This is a large garden by any standard. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Hyssopus officinalis. chive 4.Thymus × citriodorus. apple mint 13.Allium christophii. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Liriope muscari.Salvia officinalis. Artemisia dracunculus var. Baker. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon 11. arcticus.Allium sativa. big blue lilyturf 12. Santolina virens. Mentha suaveolens. wormwood fennel 2. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . blue hyssop 16.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon schoenoprasum. 8. gray 10. 1.Florence B. 15. fringed 7.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Thymus praecox subsp. winter savory 9.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium moly. green santolina 14.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia frigida. dwarf garden 17. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana. garden sage 18.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Many herb gardens could provide this. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. for the box after new spring growth. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the square. the circle. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. and the front porch of the house.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. the upper deck. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. < previous page page_70 next page > . Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cedrus deodara.Chamaemelum nobile. 1. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . Italian cypress 9.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Satureja montana. chamomile 2.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. winter savory 4.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf edging box 7. lemon 8. viola 3. dwarf myrtle 6.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Cupressus sempervirens.
but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Coin with Tudor rose design. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Paths are gravel. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer.. as it was with this plan. from Peter Coats. Roses." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Iris pseudacorus. Eryngium maritimum. 1. caraway 35. parsley 29. monkshood27. pot marigold 15.Primula elatior. sweet violet 6.Ruta graveolens. rosemary 16.Lavandula angustifolia. Malva sylvestris. Origanum majorana. mallow 13.Buxus sempervirens. blue hyssop 2.Anemone pulsatilla. sweet marjoram 3.Crithmum maritimum. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Fumaria officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata. 22.Crocus sativus. salad burnet 10. oxlip 17. Foeniculum vulgare. clove20. classic myrtle 18. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Calendula officinalis.Fragaria vesca. 34.Aconitum napellus.Primula vulgaris. chamomile 4. English pasqueflower primrose 14. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Mentha × piperita.Poterium sanguisorba. Dianthus caryophyllus.Rosmarinus officinalis.Petroselinum crispum. Madonna 23.Myrtus communis.Melissa officinalis. fennel 21. earth 24. Chamaemelum nobile.Lilium candidum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Lactuca sativa. 25. Thymus serpyllum.Bellis perennis.Viola tricolor.Carum carvi. wild thyme 5. Hyssopus officinalis. saffron lily crocus 12. lemon balm 31.Satureja montana. rue 33. 19. English daisy 36. absinthe peppermint 8. spearmint 30. yellow flag 26. winter 32.Viola odorata. lettuce 28.
this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. along with a measure of fragrance. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. spurred. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. but Always Love. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop." Concrete blocks. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. white blooms and woolly. However. plumed. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silver mound. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white. most of the blooms are nightscented. Selected for this reason. its tufted.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs.
Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. white 32.Dictamnus albus.Galanthus nivalis.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. sweet 31. silver 16.Galium odoratum. Thymus 'Argenteus'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. white . silver mound artemisia 3. 17.19. 'Albus'. horehound 2.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Lilium candidum. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Santolina chamaecyparissus. pink 15. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Marrubiam vulgare. Dianthus 'White Lace'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. lamb's. petunia 30. 1. Stachys byzantina.
Artemisia lactiflora.Salvia sclarea.Matthiola incana.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Yucca filamentosa. 25. dame's honesty rocket 14.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 12.6. beach mugwort wormwood 9. Adam's. rose 40.Rosa 'Cinderella'. 23. needle florentina. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Artemisia ludoviciana var. tuberose 36. Artemisia absinthium. moonflower 39.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. white 27. albula.Polianthes tuberosa.Ipomoea alba. clary 24.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Artemisia stellerana. tulip 38.Artemisia ludoviciana. white stock absinthe 10.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. western mugwort 7.Convallaria majalis.Lunaria annua.Iris × germanica var. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . sweet violet 20. lily-ofthe-valley 11.21. 26. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. orris 8. 28. tulip 37. white 22. rose 41.Malus 'Guiding Star'. Viola odorata. daffodil 35.Hesperis matronalis.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.
too. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. related to an old mill reconstruction. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. Rather. textures. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. < previous page page_76 next page > . The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Many of these herbs lack the hues. required their use as an educational adjunct.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Gossypium hirsutum. privet marigold 15.Morus rubra or alba.Galium verum.Indigofera tinctoria. French 33.Genista tinctoria. peach bracken sorrel 19.Tagetes erecta.Parmelia conspersa.Phytolacca americana.Allium cepa. fuller's 30.38.Urtica dioica. Scotch broom hemp 7.Mahonia aquifolium.Coreopsis tinctoria.Solidago species. yellow 55.Furcraea hexapetala.51.Filipendula ulmaria. 39. lily. weld 57.Rumex acetosa.Cytisus scoparius.Hypericum perforatum. stinging nettle44. barberry teasel woodruff 12. henequen marigold bearberry 8. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Ligustrum vulgare.Tagetes patula. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Coptis trifolia. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Reseda luteola.Sanguinaria canadensis. 26.Agrimonia eupatoria. Agave sisalana. 29. 23. woad Susan laevifolium.Rumex obtusifolius. black-eyed 50. 34.Cotinus coggygria.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. dyer's broom safflower 6. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. Linum usitatissimum. Abutilon theophrasti. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. blueberry 13.Galium odoratum.46. flax 21.Anchusa officinalis.Polygonum hydropiperoides. onion China jute 4.Anthemis tinctoria.Chelidonium majus. ramie 24. 48. sumac poke 17.Monarda didyma. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Berberis vulgaris.Hydrastis canadensis. sisal 27. garden 56. African 45. dyer's 31. goldthread 41.Rudbeckia hirta. 22.Cladrastis lutea. Agave fourcroydes. golden 40. queen. 20.Isatis tinctoria. Manila 25.Viburnum acerifolium.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Pteridium aquilinum. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. 37.Crocus sativus. 53. 32. Sansevieria trifasciata. alkanet 52. St. bee 36. 35.Dipsacus sativus.Convallaria majalis.Genista germanica. 1. sweet 49. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Rhus typhina.Rubia tinctorum. 47. Boehmeria nivea. 28. Hibiscus cannabinus. broad 42.Carthamus tinctorius. Musa textilis. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. madder 54. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Prunus persica.. 43.
Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. as well as the roses. < previous page page_78 next page > . balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. A totally appealing edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. Elsewhere. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
'Queen of the Prairies'. 'American Pillar'. cl. 'Sombreuil'. rambler 20. 18. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Mme. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. cl. 'Belle Amour' 6. Legras de St. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 23. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 25. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Alfred de Rougemont'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. 24. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. rambler 19. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Empress Josephine' 7.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'White Rose of York' 3. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. 22. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 1. cl. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17.
this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. Circles and angles provide interest. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. The notch of four square feet. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. ruby swiss chard var. annuum 'Pinocchio'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.A.C. 28. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. Petroselinum crispum var. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.L. crispum 'Banquet'. pear Purple Vienna'. C. 25.A.C. 27. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. sprouts celery 8.S.A. cherry tomato 34. graveolens var. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.L. C. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. 24. annuum 'Fips'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. eggplant 43.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.B. oleracea 'Red Acre'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. 30.C. C. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . giant garlic var. dulce 'Utah 5270'. annuum 'Red Boy'. kohlrabi Rock'.B. dulce 47. 48. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. annuum 'Mosaic'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.esculentum 'Long Black'. red-flowered kale 6. 26.C. 40. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. C.B.B.sativa 'Ruby'. 22. lycopersicum var. C. graveolens 'French Dinant'. Boerner. Beauty'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.C.S.B. shallot Lakes'. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.A. annuum 'Golden Bell'. celery Group. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. leek 5. annuum 'Black Prince'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. melongena 1. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.A. 45.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.Cichorium intybus. red 38. C. celery Bed 9. Capsicum annuum var.B. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.annuum 'Floral Gem'. cepa Proliferum Group.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. melongena 2. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.A.B. 32.B.C. dulce 50. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. red 37.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. annuum 'Variegata'. 29. tuberosum. annuum 'Nosegay'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.B. C.Solanum melongena var. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.Apium graveolens var. chive 42. graveolens var. graveolens var. oleracea 'Green Parade'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. garlic chive 44.A. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.B.A. annuum 'Teno'. 39. celery I 31. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. white-flowered kale 49. schoenoprasum.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. curly eggplant parsley 23.B.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. scorodoprasum.A. oleracea 'Prima'.
When viewed from the terrace above. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. winter savory. All of the circles. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. arcs. and golden thyme. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. for each is a complete entity. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
Santolina chamaecyparissus.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.' lemon geranium 23. crispum 'French Lace. germander crowfoot geranium 21. × nervosum 'Torento'. lemon geranium 22. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.A.P.S.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 17.. tomentosum. inkberry geranium 9. P. P.Ilex glabra. peppermint 26.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. grossularioides.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. radens 'Dr.P.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. rose geranium 27.L.× nervosum. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. lime geranium Rose'. The number in each planting area is the key number. A. apricot geranium28. Landscape Architect. maple-leaved 18.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. Teucrium chamaedrys. 19. oak-leaved geranium 16.P. scabrum.P. graveolens. × domesticum 6. winter 13. P. orange geranium 8. 12. gooseberry geranium 24. Assoc. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. Livingston'. 29. acerifolium. 1. crispum.P.Melissa R. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. Santolina virens. 15. odoratissimum. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Satureja montana.P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P.P.P. golden 11. Marshall.P. rose-scented geranium 4. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. green 14.Myrica pensylvanica.P.
on page 37. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. Its interspaces can be mulched. and growth to the plants of the knot design. which is framed with a brick edging.Santolina virens. For the knot to look its best at all times. such as a dwarf edging box. 1. was planted using edging box only. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. texture. or marble chips. especially when it is blooming." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. sand.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. . slower-growing plant material needs to be used. filled with plants that have contrasting color. closed knot design. Maintenance is high for a knot. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. English lavender 2. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. To ease the care for a more complicated design. blue hyssop 3.
green santolina 2.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . dwarf edging box 4. 1.Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'. gray santolina 3.
caraway thyme 9. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.officinalis 'Tricolor'. which is found more often out in the open. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. variegated garden sage . angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. the height of the edging. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. fig 4. Rosmarinus officinalis. creeping thymes. arcticus 'Albus'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender Japanese barberry 5.T. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. herba-barona. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.T.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. white 7. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. In another departure from the usual. which are confined to that area. 1. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Some maintenance is required for clipping. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 8.S. The knot material is maintained at six inches. 'Munstead'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. purple variegated 11.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Santolina chamaecyparissus. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. lavender .Teucrium canadense. gray santolina 2. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. American germander 3. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
Teucrium chamaedrys. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. germander .< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. setting it off admirably.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.
pleasing color. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. adding another facet to an appealing design. each one a quarter-circle. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. which are also laid on edge. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. < previous page page_88 next page > . They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. again laid on edge.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
lavender 8. lavender 5. silver thyme 6.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. dwarf 12.Artemisia arborescens. samphire14.Perovskia atriplicifolia. lavender 9.Salvia clevelandii. French lavender 3. glaucum 11.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 16. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . golden marguerite 25. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. tree germander 22.Teucrium fruticans.Allium senescens var.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helichrysum angustifolium. blue sage 13. Russian sage 24. gray santolina 2. angustifolia 'Rosea'. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Lavandula dentata var.Salvia argentea.Santolina neapolitana 10.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Argenteus'. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Anthemis marschalliana. silver sage 15.Leontopodium alpinum. woolly yarrow 23. 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Crithmum maritimum.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. dwarf gray santolina 20.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. 1. curry plant 7. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus × caryophyllus. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. candicans. rue 21. silver horehound 19.Artemisia frigida. tree artemisia 26.Marrubium incanum. 18.Anthemis tinctoria.
only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. and the savories. As with other plant material. lady's-mantle. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. The color of the container plays a lesser role. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. sweet marjoram. Some are rosemary. which include hanging baskets. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. thyme. oregano. basil. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. Styles of containers. If one is familiar with herbs. < previous page page_90 next page > . either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. are without number.
providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > .< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.
Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
LandscapeArchitect.L. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. Of course supervision is necessary. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.A. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. such an outlay would be unwarranted. However. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. If children's interest is not sustained. < previous page page_95 next page > . A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.S. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.
If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. too. they are easily handpicked. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Just keep a garden design for children simple. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. These are ''old roses. A sundial can be fun and also educational. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Instead of benches on the patio. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Children in this age group can help with the construction." selected for their greater fragrance. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. < previous page page_96 next page > .
A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Landscape Architect.L. A. .S.
neapolitanum. Dianthus plumarius. dwarf 6.rocambole 28.Petroselinum crispum var. English lavender 7. southernwood 5. English lavender 4.Rosa damascena. 20. pot marigold 8. damask rose 32. alpine strawberry 3. dill pennyroyal 11. lovage 12.Satureja hortensis. summer savory 22. crispum.Chenopodium botrys. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Allium moly. catnip 27.Marrubium vulgare.Allium tuberosum. garden sage 24. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. 13.Anethum graveolens.Tropaeolum minus. Levisticum officinale.Calendula officinalis.Nepeta cataria. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rosa gallica. 1. horehound 26.Artemisia abrotanum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. American 21. love-in-a-mist 14. Petroselinum crispum var. borage 15. Italian parsley 23. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Hedeoma pulegioides. ophioscorodon. glaucum 31.Allium senescens var. 16. clary 25.Origanum majorana.Artemisia camphorata. 19. dyer's bush basil woad 9. lily leek 30. ambrosia 2.Salvia sclarea.Isatis tinctoria. Borago officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Allium sativum var. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. cottage pink 18. Nigella damascena. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.The number in each planting area is the key number. garlic chive 29.
this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The oval. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The sculptures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. All are inviting to the touch. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. not noted on the plan. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. previously used as a skating rink. are a seal and a turtle. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. < previous page page_98 next page > .
F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. . Landscape Architect.A.R.A.
wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Foeniculum vulgare. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. marigold Salvia officinalis. English Tussilago farfara. fleabane Stellaria. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. mint Galium odoratum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. lousewort Viola canina. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. borage Tanacetum vulgare. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. bee orchid Erigeron. mint Tagetes. Nepeta cataria. Trifolium pratense. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . bee balm Satureja montana. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. cowslip Linaria. dog violet Lemna. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum.Hedeoma pulegioides. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. tansy Monarda didyma. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. fat-hen Primula veris. chamomile Mentha. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. duckweed Antennaria. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. coltsfoot Mimulus. winter savory Mentha. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Allium schoenoprasum. Greek Stachys byzantina. donkey's tail Monarda punctata.
feverfew. a mint. Its plant list. and old barn beams another about the same height. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. it is a most satisfying growing situation. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. developed particularly for study. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Still. Their height eases the task of weeding. Instead. Here. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. for an old barn foundation of stone. its wooden structure long gone. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. an exceedingly long one. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. < previous page page_101 next page > . A number of wooden window frames.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
betony 92. thyme 102.Digitalis purpurea. camphorata. 42. rose sativa. 44.P. plantain 80.Echium vulgare. garden sage 84. bee balm lovage 20. absinthium.Calamintha grandiflora.Digitalis lanata.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. 55. basil blue hyssop 15. odorous thyme 104.Genista tinctoria.A. southernwood houseleek 12. wormwood germander 9.Satureja montana.Hyssopus officinalis. celandine madder 79. Roman 46. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. pot marjoram bugloss 27.A.Hypericum perforatum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. rampion 81. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. officinalis 'Purpurea'. bee balm57.T. 45.Melissa officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 85. basilicum 56. 50.Lavandula angustifolia. stellerana. officinalis 'Aurea'.T.Campanula rapunculus.O.Agastache foeniculum.Achillea millefolium.A. pontica.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 97. sweet violet 40.Geranium robertianum. basilicum 'Minimum'.M.O. tomentosum. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Euphorbia cyparissias. sweet 53. 1.O. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.T. pot marigold 25.Salvia officinalis. rue 83. majorana. winter savory 88.Galium odoratum.49. crispum. onites.T.Angelica archangelica.Rubia tinctorum. lesser 67. silver thyme 105. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Ranunculus ficaria. lemon verbena 106. lemon thyme 100.T.Acinos alpinus. 48.Marrubium vulgare.Chrysanthemum balsamita.O. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. golden thyme 98.Stachys grandifora 93. richardii subsp. pink 58.Teucrium chamaedrys. golden marjoram 26.Nepeta mussinii. didyma 'Rosea'.Agastache cana. × citriodorus.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.T 'Argenteus'.Althaea officinalis. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Valeriana officinalis. 62.Monarda didyma. yarrow herb Robert 4. calamint valerian 24.S. golden variegated garden sage 86.Artemisia dracunculus var.Plantago major. 54. arcticus 'Coccineus'. French tarragon geranium 7. abrotanum.Alchemilla vulgaris. herba-barona. odoratissimum. St.Viola tricolor.S.Tanacetum vulgare var. 43. nitidus. apple wormwood geranium 8.Chelidonium majus.Levisticum officinale. creeping veronica . rosemary 82.A.Physalis heterophylla. sweet cicely 94. southernwood ground cherry 10. sweet 41. 66.Sempervivum tectorum.A.T. praecox subsp. wild lemon basil ginger 16. caraway thyme 103.Pelargonium crispum.Ruta graveolens.O. 61. balm horehound 14.Calendula officinalis. graveolens. 64.T.S.Campanula persicifolia.P. arcticus 'Albus'. praecox subsp. marsh mallow 13. rose costmary campion 23.Stachys officinalis.Sium sisarum. camphor. skirret 90. foxglove 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. catmint 63. purple basil English lavender 18. 60. beach 47.Aloysia triphylla. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Myrrhis odorata. alpine savory 89.Poterium sanguisorba.Asarum canadense.Pulmonaria officinalis. woolly thyme 101.P. viper's 65. pallasianus.A. fern-leaf tansy 95. variegated garden sage 87. angelica lemon geranium 5.Lychnis coronaria. officinalis 'Tricolor'. absinthe 51.Viola odorata.-John'swort 91. golden lemon thyme 99. mosquito plant 19.Veronica serpyllifolia. 'Purpurascens'. 'Clear Gold'.Ocimum basilicum.T. lemon 52. Grecian 59. crimson creeping thyme 96.
A.Chamaemelum nobile. curry plant mullein 35.cepa. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . blattaria.Laurus nobilis.M. red mint comfrey 33. chamomile 30.Origanum vulgare. chervil 68.Origanum dictamnus.Cichorium intybus.Helichrysum angustifolium. wild 116. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Verbascum thapsus.Atriplex hortensis. veronica 108. spicata.Symphytum officinale. chicory 70.Prunus pensylvanica. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Chrysanthemum parthenium. dyer's woad 110.Mentha suaveolens. ostrowskianum 34. apple mint 69.M. yucca 109.Lilium candidum.Anthriscus cerefolium.Dianthus plumarius 75. 71. Proliferum Group.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Myrtus communis. 76.M. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Allium sativum. citrata. 73.Yucca filamentosa. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. pin cherry 39. moth 113.Oenothera biennis.Isatis tinctoria.V.M. tree onion 112.Primula veris.Lysimachia vulgaris. Madonna lily leucanthemum. × piperita var. orange mint 32.Chrysanthemum 78. garlic 111. oxeye daisy mullein 36.29. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.A. evening 77. feverfew cinerariifolium.Veronica officinalis. orach115. 114. spearmint 107. pineapple mint 31. cowslip 72.Chrysanthemum 74. × gentilis.
Francis. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. < previous page page_104 next page > . Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. but not obvious. A statue of St. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. its outline constructed of brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. of good proportion for the size of the opening. A wheelshaped bed. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA VI japonica. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. Eleocharis dulcis. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. menthifolia. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Eriobotrya japonica. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. lion's-ear prismaticum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. Cestrum nocturnum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Sidney Ephedra viridis. AREA IV Ixia maculata. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. white Justicia carnea. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. cat Watsonia rosea. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. Vetiveria zizanioides. potato Brassica eruca. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. poet's Solidago californica. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. loquat Cichorium intybus. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. labdanum Cistus crispus.
A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. to name a few. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. emphasizes the circle. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. One is a garden of legends. an "old rose" and fragrant. another a Mary garden. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. and a third a culinary garden. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. but also for proper leaf size. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The exterior brick path. < previous page page_106 next page > . Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. or potpourri. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. not only for hardiness where needed. is a center of interest.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. scented-leaf geraniums.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Alchemilla vulgaris. Anethum graveolens.Ocimum basilicum.Allium schoenoprasum. rue 28.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Narcissus mustard 14.Lamium album.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Viola tricolor.The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Calendula officinalis. costmary 6. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. spearmint 22.Salvia officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. sweet 21. lady's. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Ruta graveolens.Crocus sativus. chamomile 3. sweet marjoram basil 12. Angelica archangelica. Linum usitatissimum. black 23. Artemisia absinthium. 27. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . saffron crocus marigold 7. pot 26. English ivy rosemary 8. Hyssopus officinalis. white dead 24.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. English thyme 13.19. Chrysanthemum balsamita. pyrethrum 5. garden up sage 10.Galium verum.Rosmarinus officinalis. hyssop rose 9. dill 11.Hedera helix. chive bedstraw 16. absinthe 4. flax 17. Johnny-jump. yellow 25.Mentha spicata. angelica 2.20.Origanum majorana. blue 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Brassica nigra.
biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. < previous page page_108 next page > . The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places.
perennial flax Galium odoratum. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. peppermint Laurus nobilis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. clove Marrubium vulgare. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Russian 'Prostratus'. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. Cotinus coggygria. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet Myrtus communis. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. bay Echeveria × imbricata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . fastigiata. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. rue Malva alcea var. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Artemisia absinthium. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. beach Monarda didyma. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. blue Lamium maculatum. Myrrhis odorata. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. thyme Cnicus benedictus. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'.
features a closed knot of superior design. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. and huge.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. too. millstones. Appropriately used as accents. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. simply on a smaller scale. Viewed from the terrace garden. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. < previous page page_110 next page > . the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. The generous use of edgings. This is a general rule observed.
blue hyssop 3. six feet in diameter.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. The number in each planting area is the key number. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. A. dwarf box . of greater size than is commonly found. has its size dictated by a rule of design.A. that of good proportion. green santolina 6. 'Tiny Rubies'. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Hyssopus officinalis. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Teucrium chamaedrys. Routine clipping is required. lavender 5. germander 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.L.Santolina virens. Design plan of herb garden 1. cheddar pink 4. and the mulch. angustifolia 'Munstead'. gray santolina 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Landscape Architect.S.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.
quince Magnolia virginiana. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. goat willow Sassafras albidum. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. dogwood Pinus nigra. honey locust Cornus florida. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. box Myrica pensylvanica. box Calycanthus fioridus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. beach plum Corylus avellana. plum Prunus maritima.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. japonica. black haw Prunus americana. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. shadbush Salix caprea. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > .
However. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Argenteus'. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. its plant material varied. Lavandula. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. silver thyme T. doerfleri T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. 'Annie Hall' T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. Salvia. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. leucotrichus T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. herba-barona.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. caraway thyme T. Rosmarinus. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. praecox subsp. and a miscellany of others. arcticus T. Currently. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. praecox subsp. 'Doone Valley' . As a rule. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment.
golden variegated sage S. angustifolia subsp. anise sage S. golden rosemary R. officinalis 'Purpurea'. autumn sage S. greggii. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. ramie . angustifolia. leucantha. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. praecox subsp. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. heterophylla. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. woolly thyme T.T. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. blue sage S. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. praecox subsp. dentata. guaranitica. angustissimus. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 'Clear Gold'. officinalis 'Aurea'. Mexican bush sage S. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. sweet lavender L. English lavender L. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. involucrata. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. crimson creeping thyme T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia subsp. golden thyme T. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii.
sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Circumstances determined these priorities. to lure bees. Primarily. Cheloneglabra. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. a well beside the house. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. L. obedient plant. to sweeten the air. family needsmedicinal. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. constructed of brick made on the property. horsetail. Hesperis matronalis. used in salads or boiled. rupturewort. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. which were located between the water supply. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. for scrubbing pots. Smith. Herniaria glabra. The apple trees. Physostegia virginiana. Sium sisarum. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Equisetum arvense. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. culinary. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. The house.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Prunella vulgaris. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. balmony.
The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Today. while functional. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. < previous page page_116 next page > . and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. too. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. for a few are in use now. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. too. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. pomegranate 3. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. Cape jasmine 10. 16.Syringa × persica var. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Allium sativum.Laurus nobilis. fig 6. trumpet 11. wisteria 13.Rosa banksiae. 1.Pinus taeda.Prunus angustifolia.Lagerstroemia indica. yellow 12. garlic 9. Banksia rose 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Punica granatum.Sambucus canadensis.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Gardenia jasminoides.Lonicera sempervirens. southern laciniata.Ficus carica.Wisteria frutescens. rosemary 2. bay 7. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Lonicera flava. 15.Malus angustifolia.
the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. too. < previous page page_118 next page > . The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. Appropriately.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The effect would be quite different without them. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. Italy. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Dianthus caryophyllus. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. 66. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Ruta graveolens.Monarda didyma. sativa.Rosa laevigata. peony 51.Artemisia dracunculus var.Agrimonia eupatoria. 43.Lindera benzoin.Tanacetum vulgare. 1. 60.Populus balsamifera.Cornus florida.Colchicum autumnale.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha × piperita. bee balm 28.Hamamelis virginiana.Chimaphila umbellata.Foeniculum vulgare.Chamaemelum nobile. 70. box chamomile 9. basil chive 3.Achillea millefolium. 50. balm autumn crocus 2.Acorus calamus.Verbascum thapsus.Calycanthus fioridus.Rosmarinus officinalis. 45. agrimony 58. lovage 35. sweet 27. sweet 64. yarrow lungwort 22.Crocus sativus.Pulmonaria officinalis.Cimicifuga racemosa.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Symphytum officinale.Digitalis purpurea.Levisticum officinale.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon 26. 63. peppermint 52.Salvia officinalis.Asarum virginicum.Ilex vomitoria. tansy 65.Hypericum perforatum. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Sassafras albidum.Cassia marilandica. mullein 49.Vinca minor. 33. saffron crocus 25. catnip 34.Mentha pulegium. butterfly 32. dill 39.Ilex opaca.Lobelia siphilitica.Buxus sempervirens.Allium schoenoprasum. blue 46. 37.Teucrium chamaedrys. fuller's teasel 67.Rubus allegheniensis. great 47.Asclepias tuberosa. borage 31.Nepeta cataria.Lilium candidum.Dipsacus sativus. 68. foxglove 41. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Borago officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Lonicera sempervirens.Eupatorium perfoliatum. pot 48. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . 54. bay lavender wintergreen 21. horsemint lobelia 23. spearmint 62. yellow-root 7.Monarda punctata. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Ocimum basilicum.Armoracia rusticana.Galium odoratum. black 29. 61.Paeonia officinalis. dogwood horehound 18.Hyssopus officinalis.Laurus nobilis. American holly 16. sweet flag marigold 24. myrtle 53. blue 44.Pinckneya pubens.Elizabeth Lawrence. wild ginger69.Punica granatum. clove 36. 55.Mentha spicata. 30.Artemisia abrotanum.57.Anethum graveolens. 42. fennel 40.Gaultheria procumbens. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. hyssop sassafras 20. St.Calendula officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue 56. sweet shrub 10. senna woodruff 15.Marrubium vulgare. garden sage 59. 38.Xanthoriza simplicissima. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.
1 T. This is true for the remedies. and fragrances they developed. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. In any event. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. < previous page page_120 next page > . The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. preventives.
absinthe 9. sweet marjoram 6. tansy 11. lavender lovage 3.Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia.Viburnum prunifolium. peppermint 18. Calendula officinalis. English 10.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Papaver somniferum. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. English thyme rosemary 7.Satureja montana. pot marigold 2. 1. winter savory 4. spearmint 17.Monarda punctata. blue hyssop 21. quince 24.Pyrus communis. apothecary's rose 22.Cydonia oblonga.Nepeta cataria.Mentha spicata.Artemisia absinthium.Origanum majorana.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil 13. catnip 16. horehound 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. black haw 23. 14.Mentha × piperita. garden sage 8. foxglove 12.Digitalis purpurea. opium poppy 5.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Carum carvi.Hyssopus officinalis. caraway 19.Marrubium vulgare. horsemint 20.
and if the best has not always survived. Some could be used singly. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. makes it something of a focal point. the other 1761. The beds are used to achieve balance. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. one dated 1759. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. < previous page page_122 next page > . for example the large square bed with circular path. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. to study it. The main paths of brick unify the garden. centrally located. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Allowed such freedom of expression. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. Thus it was for this garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and bricks raise the beds. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. often it is reconstructed. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Shaded by hop vines. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. from early Moravian settlements. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape.
. Landscape Architect. Campbell. A.L.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A.S.
dwarf nasturtium 13. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Coriandrum sativum. 54.Tanacetum vulgare. hop southernwood 39.Rumex acetosa. 1. rhubarb 10.Petroselinum crispum.Ficus. 74. caraway 72.Rosa damascena.Nigella sativa.Mentha × piperita.Foeniculum vulgare. feverfew southern magnolia 27. cabbage angustifolia.Salvia sclarea.Salvia officinalis.Inula helenium.Borago officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. fennel marjoram 28.Consolida ambigua. lovage 9.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Marrubium vulgare. saffron peppermint crocus 35. garden sage 15.Scabiosa atropurpurea. asparagus 31. parsley 32. elecampane 11. mugwort67. basil moss rose 44. 66. Carolina jessamine 38. red pepper 20.Levisticum officinale. dill 73.Asparagus officinalis.Tropaeolum majus.Chamaemelum nobile.Celosia cristata. balm chive 37. autumn crocus 34. absinthe 45. lemon 64.Rubia tinctorum.Magnolia grandiflora.Gelsemium sempervirens. 80. columbine 29.Cercis canadensis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. madder 16.Saponaria officinalis.Lagerstroemia indica.Melissa officinalis.Origanum majorana. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . holy thistle 58. hollyhock 51.Silybum marianum. yarrow 4.Cornusflorida. 81.Tropaeolum minus.Clematis virginiana. sorrel 65. catnip 70. rue 14. English thyme 2.Rheum rhabarbarum.Armoracia rusticana. lavender rose 21. poet's narcissus 61.Bellis perennis. corn poppy 79. French rose 18. clove 53.Mentha spicata.Carum carvi.Matthiola incana. English 78.Artemisia abrotanum.Cnicus benedictus.Ruta graveolens. hyssop maypop 42.Rosmarinus officinalis. chamomile 17.Papaver rhoeas. blue 63.Achillea millefolium.Salvia viridis.Althaea officinalis.Alcea rosea. virgin's bower 40. garlic lungwort 36. blue 69. sweet 55.Ocimum basilicum.Humulus lupulus.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Dianthus caryophyllus.Hyssopus officinalis.Lilium candidum.Narcissus tazetta. garden nasturtium 12.Anethum graveolens. black cumin 46. redbud 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosa eglanteria. grape larkspur 41.Rosa roxburghii. 62. 52. damask coriander rose 19.Crocus sativus.Colchicum autumnale. love. rosemary49.Passiflora incarnata. spearmint 57. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Rosa centifolia.Artemisia vulgaris. cockscomb 47.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. sweet 71. chestnut rose 43.The number in each planting area is the key number. eglantine Group. marsh mallow 7. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Pulmonaria officinalis.Aquilegia vulgaris. Madonna lily 59.Symphytum officinale.Allium sativum.Rosa gallica. blessed thistle 8.Nepeta cataria.Hydrangea quercifolia.Stachys officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Atriplex hortensis. polyanthus narcissus 60. 48.Vitis. horehound 56. daisy crape myrtle 23.Amaranthus caudatus.Narcissus poeticus.77. tansy 6. comfrey 33. stock 50. annual clary 3. orach 76.Rosa moschata. borage 5. clary 30. betony 82. 68.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. the western. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Thus. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. even boggy. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and the north point is established. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Although some observations may seem obvious. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. A ravine and existing. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. it is proper to make a trial run. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. This space was never adequate. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Calluna (heather). but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The lesser the scale. Usually this is least desirable. First. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. The next most desirable exposure. far from the house. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath).
and the property line on the last. Indeed. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The new herb garden has been located. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. It was a pleasurable assignment. a driveway on still another. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. but it need not be identical. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The outline is fixed. and the search did not take long. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The. The general outline is similar. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. There is the housegarage structure on one side. all four sides are so determined. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. certainly not precisely the same. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. as the drawing on p. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Then. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. < previous page page_126 next page > . another is close to the rear of the house. single bed. 77 provided the needed inspiration.ground where drainage is better. 127 indicates.
< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. If. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. forming the outer boundary of the service path. something is amiss. With the plan established. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. Two drawings were required to work out problems. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. then north. There was no . This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. In addition. In fact. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. If all is well. this low wall will enclose the garden area. as in this case. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
However. In this case. the eight-foot length was more practical. eight. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In the earlier stage of planning. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. and the finished edging would be effective. A structural edging was in order. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. At corners. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. In this area. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. admittedly. this was. not one completed in a weekend. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. . Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. Before edgings could be put in place. a lapped joint was fashioned. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. However. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. however. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. the site required some leveling. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
leaves. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Aged compost. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. but there are exits to different levels. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. for they will likely have more traffic. A choice of five colors was available. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Weeds. had been proof of that. The latter need to be more substantially paved. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. sand. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. could serve this purpose. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. The pattern is running bond. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. this same base underlies all the paths. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. selected for its simplicity. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. This method of treatment now guarantees . but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. filling the beds with soil was next. Unfortunately. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. Heavy black plastic. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. One is the ramp to the driveway.
even bed for the pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. However. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. on a trial run of one course of brick. worth the added cost.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick.
The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. Herbs have flourished in the beds. French drains. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. . converging where it was logical to do so. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. and the steps to other levels. With the completion of the paths. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. the terraced area. In this instance." their construction can be somewhat varied. for it would interfere with the drainage system.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. Sometimes called "rubble drains.
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albula. for example. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. sixteenths of an inch. in tenths of an inch. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. not necessarily referable to botanical species. in inches. Its arrow points north and. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. having a variety of gradations. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. and so on. often a wall or trellis. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. casts the shadow for the hour. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. E EllipseAn oval. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. is symmetrical. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. for example. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. twelfths of an inch. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. hundredths of an inch. and so on. a garden plan.
brick) in the same course. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. G GazeboA freestanding. rounded fragments of rock. ForthrightA straight course or path. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. a flat. Pea gravelSmall. GrindstoneMillstone. M ManufactoryA factory. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. heated especially by fermenting manure. or colored earths. its compartments filled with flowers. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . roofed structure usually open on the sides. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. also called rubble drain. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Usually a few inches thick. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. loose. a patterned garden.3. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. turf. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds.3). P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence.
an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > .
S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. ranking between species and variety. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. V VarietyA category below species. snug fit for walks. not treelike or with a single trunk. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. often planted with aromatic herbs. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. called also a hose cock. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. TreillageLatticework for vines. or steps. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. < previous page page_132 next page > . Stone. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. cutting. Turf seatBanked-up earth. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. walls. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. W Wall. R Rose.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes.
New York: Hawthorne Books. Behme.. Prof. ed. H. Gertrude B. Erichsen-Brown.. P. Helen H. T. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Crowe. Bailey Hortorium. Batsford. Rosemary F. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1951. Herbsfor Every Garden. Robert Lee. Toronto. London. New York: Macmillan. Dutton & Co. 1935. Independence. The Herb Garden. 1944. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Daniel J. Hortus Third. Bardswell. Mo. New York: Dover. Frances A. 1966. Herbals. John E. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1942. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. W. 14701670. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. New York: G. 1976. Edlin. Bailey. L. New York: Macmillan. New York: Viking Press.: Buckeye Printing Co. Margaret E. 1958. Alice Morse. Clarkson. Aurora. Doran & Co. 1973. Harriet Ballard. Park Seed Co.. London: Marshall Cavendish. Jot. New York: Viking Press. Putnam's Sons. New York: Crown Publishers. 1963. . Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1902. 1982. Beston. Rosetta E. Garden Design. Flannery.: Geo. 1972. Liberty Hyde. Coats. P. 1961. 1951. New York: Simon and Schuster. Complements. 1980.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. . Cross. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. 1966. Berrall. Garden City: Doubleday. Foster. . The Small Garden. 1971. 1979. British Plants. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1971.. Agnes. Helen Morgenthau. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Hanging Plants for Home. New York: Macmillan. Carpenter. New York: E. Julia S. Staff of. 1933. 1977. The Cultivated Basils. How Plants Get Their Names. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years.C.. Kent: The Herb Farm. Gertrude B. 1911. New York. Baumgardt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Darrah. Charlotte. Foley. Room Outside. Brookes. Sylvia. Fox. John Philip. 1938. and Garden. 1962. Greenwood. Book of the Geranium. Henry. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 1980. London: Macmillan. Foster. Green Enchantment. Sydney: B. Herbs and the Earth. and Accessories. John. and Louden. Park's Success with Herbs. Sevenoaks. New York: Macmillan. L. Seal. H. Earle. London: Saturn Press. The Garden (An Illustrated History). S. Terrace. Roses. 1972. Peter. Brownlow. 1957. 1970. London: Country Life.
New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Lerner.) Rohde. Jr.. Pa. and Back. Elizabeth. Neri. 1964. New York: E. 1911.. and Chiltoskey. Kiaer. Boston. 1970.: Chronica Botanica Co. Howard. C.. Shaker Herbs. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Rev. 1978. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Patrick M. Mrs. Hendrickson. Frederic. J. The Art of Dyeing. 1951. Wynnewood. Claire. 1970. Tucson: H. Loewenfeld. 1976.. 1938. Frances. Early American Gardens. Franco. Lawrence. 1981. A. Loyal R. Division Billboard Publications.. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Flowers of the Field. Roy. Mass. Loewenfeld. Plants of the Bible. New York: Van Nostrand. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Ireys. Brown & Co. The Book of Spices. New York: Doubleday.. 1974. Moldenke. Dorothy Bovee. 1946. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. and Alma L. Landscaping with Vines. Rosengarten. New York: Dover. Books. and Synge. Amy Bess. Jones. 1979. 1975. 1982. Roses of the World in Color. 1975. M.: Herald Publishing Co. Grow and Enjoy. Toronto: Little. P. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Modern Herbal.. chemist. Sarah. and Rice. Gardens in Winter. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs.C. Cherokee Plants. Eleanour Sinclair. George H. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. New York: Crown Publishers. New York: Macmillan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. New York: Macmillan. 1971. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Simmons. P. 1969. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Alice Recknagel. Mary U. Myron. 1983. Eigel. Adelma G. New York: Dover. McFarland. 1952. Leighton. Robert. 1969. Co.Garland. Italy.. (1st American edition trans. Horace. Ann. Sylva. Alma. Krauss. . Boston. New York: William Morrow and Co. 1966. Bernard Hickey.: Livingston Pub. New York: Harper & Bros. M. 1959. The Concise Handbook of Roses. New York: Macmillan. 1972. Helen K. 1976. 1971. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Herbs. 1974. Pozza. New York: De La Mare. 1981. Johns. New York: Clarkson N. Muenscher. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: William Morrow & Co... Hamel. Potter. The Berry Book. 1973. London: George Routledge & Sons. A Biblical Garden. Lawrence. N. Philippa. < previous page page_133 next page > . Miller. New York: Viking Press. Norma Jean. 1961. ed. Waltham. Paul B. The Herb Garden. Harold N. London: Faber and Faber. 2d ed. Johnson.. and Brunello. Claire. How to Select. Vicenza. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Walter. Lathrop. Carol. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Hay. A Garden of Herbs.. Lesch. Dutton & Co. Grieve.
Vivian. New York: William Morrow & Co. Plants of the Bible.A. Nelva M. and Mrs. William W. Mrs. A. Martin. Jr. Vt. 1961. 1972. Los Angeles: Crescent Books..... 1966. L. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. L. Ingersoll. Thacker. Hines. . How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape.. Moffit. Wilson. 1976. Mrs. Martha Dahlen.S. Fragrance in the Garden. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Madalene Hill. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Botanical Latin. Baker. H. Mrs. Vera Breed.A. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Bleecker. William Radler. Mrs. Marshall. The History of Gardens.A. Toronto: Van Nostrand. New York: St. Esther. Mrs. Raymond V. Maxton Davies. Griffin. Donald Paxton. Hale & Co. New ed. 1972. Wilder. James D. 1942. Mrs. Taloumis. Robert G. George T.. New York: Hafner. Rhoda Specht. ed.. Price. The Fragrant Garden. 1979.. Stearn. Jr. Singleton. McGarry.R. L. White. Indianapolis. Bradner. Bynam. C. Mr. 1974. Alfred L. Zohary. Mrs. L.. Container Gardening Outdoors. New York: Simon & Schuster. F. Weber. The Shakespeare Garden. ed. New York. New York: Farrar.. Leonard Dreyfuss. W T. Graham Stuart. L. London: Phoenix House. Jr.L. Mrs. William T.A. Charles L. Taylor.. W. Toronto: Van Nostrand. New York: St. Herbs in the Garden. Herbert G. Smith. 1965. 1979. Thomas. Mrs. 1982. William C. Boerner.A. Helen Noyes.A. Meyer. L. Charlotte. Amy Bess Miller. Mrs. Shrub Roses of Today.A. . Webster. Pees. L. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Yang. L. Sherry D.. George. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Susan W.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Mrs. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. New York: Simon & Schuster. Winthrop G.. Elizabeth Lawrence.. Cozart. Plimpton.. Barbara Capen. Diane C. Martin's. Mrs. L. Margaret Osborn Holt. 1979. Mrs.: Garden Way. Lamm. 1953. . Hammond Crawford..D. 1931. Climbing Roses Old and New. Paxton. Bush. Norman. Peter M. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Stuart. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Revised by Dr. Benjamin McF.A. John Poinier. Giroux. Malcolm. L. Z. 1972. and Bell. 1962.A. Bates. Martin's Press. Mrs. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Christopher.A. Austin R.The Old Shrub Roses. Sandy Hicks. James C. Mrs. Straus. A. Jack Emil Geist. Leonie.L. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Mrs. L.. Gannaway. John. Philip Batchelder. Morss. Katherine S. The Fragrant Year.A. 1953. and Robert B. 1976. Campbell. William Y Dear. 1975. Frank M. London: Phoenix House. Louise Beebe. L..S. A. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.. A. Landscape Architecture. Associate.A. T. Stearn. Mrs. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. New York. Robert K. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Elisabeth W. Mrs. Marion E. A.A. . L.S.A.A. Charles Patch. Mrs. William T. Keebler. Mrs. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs. Rev. Mrs.A. Tarantino. L. Boston: Ralph T.L.A.. Berkeley Brandt. Virginia B.. New York: Doubleday. Building Stone Walls.A. 1957. Mrs. New York: McGraw-Hill. Mrs. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Henry Gund. Neil Hamill Park. Jo Lohmolder. 1967. Melissa R. John Ormsbee.. Graham. New York: Dover.. Linda. Michael.
Whitman. Ohio. Isadore L. Mich. L. Kingwood Center. Eloise andJo Ray. Edmund G. John A. L. Mansfield. N... Ark. Wilcox. Timothy Procter Ruh. The following provided historical. Shaker Community. Lawrence Schetky. L.A. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Milton Stricker. Hancock. G.A. Mich. Gayle.A. Eric Duke Scott.. Ga. Smith (Ann Leighton). Semple.. Christopher Spencer.. Old Salem. < previous page page_134 next page > . The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Wisc. Harper. Lansing. The Country Doctor Museum.. Greenland. Hancock Shaker Village. Mrs. R. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Rose. Ohio. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Walter Rebmann. Pawtucket.. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P... Hales Corners. Faith H. James S. L. Kathleen Byroads Sowers.. Helen M.H. Mrs. Mass. Mr. civic. Matthew Miksch House.Rady. Booker Worthen. Swanson. Talbot III.. Roberts. Christopher Rady. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Mrs. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens.C. and Mrs. Atlanta Historical Society. Weeks Brick House. Michigan State University. Old Slater Mill Museum. Mrs. Frederick E. Milton C.. Mrs. N. L. Mrs.. Joan E.I. Plain Dealer Photo. Winston-Salem. James F. Nathan Sameth. Linda Yang. N. Joe H. Architect. Inc. Jean Ruh. Little Rock. Ann Arbor. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Bailey. Skinner. Western Reserve Herb Society.. Inc. Tullie Smith House Restoration. University of Michigan. Atlanta.C.. Linda Yang.A. Mrs. Mrs. Derthick. Cleveland. Elbert Smith.
azoricum. Myrrhis odorata. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. maritima L. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. barbadensis A. A. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. C. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. officinalis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. A. A. E. Narcissus triandrus. Y smalliana Agrimonia.
Apple crab gold love mad Malus. officinalis Populus. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Lamium album Viburnum. podagraria Asparagus A. acerifolium. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. F. ludoviciana var. M. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. V. lycopersicum. laevis Rhododendron . Monarda didyma Crataegus. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. melongena var. albula A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. P. S. false Galium aristatum. G. P. Solanum aculeatissimum S. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. grandiflorus Melissa M. officinalis.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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oleracea. Mertensia virginica. M. vulgaris A. deltoides Campsis radicans. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. angustifolia. coronaria . chrysantha Symphytum S. P.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. alpina 'Alba' A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. B.
V. V. M.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. angustifolia. coronaria. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. verna. macrocarpon. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. maculatum G. C. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. ioensis Vaccinium. Italian D Daffodil M. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. B. M. sativum R. B. alpinum R. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. N. pseudonarcissus miniature N. alpinum R. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Lepidium sativum Barbarea.
crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. R. D.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. C. crispus. Ferocactus latispinus. Sansevieria. obtusifolius Rumex R. x superbum Hemerocallis. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. acetosa. R. rivieri. A. lilioasphodelus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. H. frutescens C. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Hosta H. A. T officinale Bellis. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. triphyllum . Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Chrysanthemum frutescens. lilioasphodelus H. obtusifolius R.
viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. S. C. Centaurea cineraria. gymnocarpa. arvensis. damascena. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. N. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Antennaria. ragusina. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. N. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . azoricum Nigella. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. C. Helichrysum. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Senecio cineraria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. pungens Sambucus S. Gnaphalium. N. Lychnis coronaria. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
I. usitatissimum L. Osmunda. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. versicolor. O. I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. regalis Adiantum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. P. perenne . carica F. A. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.× germanica I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. carica Corylus C. L.
lutea Allium sativum A. sativum var. × limoneum P. I. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. lanata D. scorodoprasum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . odoratissimum P. quercifolium P. × germanica Myosotis M. × hortorum P. sylvatica Digitalis D. P. neapolitanum A. Fumaria C. purpurea D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. grossularioides P radens P. tuberosum A. sphaerocephalum A. Pelargonium.
A. × jatrophifolium P. × nervosum P. tomentosum P. graveolens P. P. T. A. Z. denticulatum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. Tragopogon. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. capitatum P. canadense. scabrum P graveolens P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. T. tomentosum P. officinale Z. chamaedrys T. × citrosum P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. abrotanifolium P. glutinosum. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. canadense T. pratensis . crispum P. quercifolium P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium.
Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. C. nervosa V. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Vitis monticola. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Oxalis deppei. torquata E. C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. M. V.
golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
G. Lythrum. majalis Liriope. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Ophiopogon L. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Pulmonaria . W. C. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. L.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. triacanthos G.
leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. Malva. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. lucida . officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. Malva.blue M Mace. alcea var. A. grandiflora M. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. patula Calendula officinalis T. erecta T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. M. erecta T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. C. tenuifolia T. M. pedatum Hibiscus.
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O. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. citrata. crispii M. requienii M. citrata M. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. onites O. R. piperita var. dictamnus O. majorana O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. A. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. citrata M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. suaveolens M. × piperita var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. S. × piperita var. vulgare 'Aureum' O. aquatica var.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. vulgare O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. major. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. suaveolens 'Variegata' . odorata Achillea millefolium. majorana O. Astrantia. Spiraea alba. citrata M. vulgare O.
V. rubra M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. lactiflora Morus M. Azolla caroliniana. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. thapsus V. alba Verbascum. olympicum. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . × gentilis M. vulgaris A. A. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Myrtus. Umbellularia californica. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. M. Myrrhis odorata. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. V. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. communis.
L. V. poeticus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . tazetta Tropaeolum T. V. minus T. majus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. P. nudum.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago.
pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Proliferum Group A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. A. florentina. S. I. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. fragrans Allium. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa. fistulosum A. cepa. fistulosum Atriplex. hortensis A. Scilla verna. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Castilleja californica. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . telephium Iris × germanica var. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. cepa A. vulgare var. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. C. O. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. fragrans O.
A. crispum P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. A. pulsatilla Passiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. patens. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. neopolitanum Pastinaca. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. crispum var.
Longum Group C. annuum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. roseus C. annuum. annuum. annuum. P frutescens Catharanthus.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. Piper C. C. paniculata P. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. C. C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. Marsilea Perilla. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. retroflexus. annuum. Grossum Group C. C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. A. C. album Ranunculus ficaria . C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. frutescens C. annuum. Chenopodium.
Prunus japonica. P salicina P angustifolia. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. gratianopolitanus D. Plantago P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. nigra P strobus P taeda P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. taeda P. watsonii P maritima P. angustifolia var. C. × paradisiaca. C. caryophyllus D. umbellata var. americana . Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Silene laciniata. plumarius D. alpinus D. umbellata var. P. M. officinalis Dianthus D. taeda Chimaphila. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. plumarius.
balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. Liriodendron tulipifera P. E. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. rhoeas P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgare Lithospermum. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. S. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. 0. P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. biennis P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. L. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera P.
canadensis C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. pepo C. R. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. rhabarbarum R. sativum var. pepo Portulaca. C. coccineum C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. A. Hesperis . C. Diplotaxis. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. P. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.
sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana R. chinensis 'Minima' R. sativa Rosa R. banksiae R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. × harisonii R. laevigata R. spinosissima R. R. moschata . gallica R. damascena R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. canina.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. gallica 'Officinalis' R. × borboniana Kerria. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia R. × borboniana R. Rubus coronarius R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. canina R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. damascena 'Bifera' R. Rosa chinensis R.
officinalis S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. officinalis Limonium R. Salvia hierosolymitana . guaranitica S. pitcheri S. Rosmarinus. azurea subsp. greggii S. R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. angustissimus R. clevelandii S. rugosa R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. × rehderana R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. microphylla S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. setigera R. sclarea S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. caerula. S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides.
halimus Crithmum maritimum. leucophylla S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. Salicornia. S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. marilandica Amelanchier . europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. C. chamaecyparissus S. guaranitica S. hebecarpa. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. S. leucantha S. A. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum E. P. S. T. virens. neapolitana S. viridis S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. elegans S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. montana Scabiosa S.
A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.
Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. coggygria Cotinus. biflorum . C. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria. P. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. americana. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. P. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. nivalis Lamium album. V. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. G.
latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. E. pyrenaicum. Ornithogalum arabicum. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. S. patulum. L. H. officinalis thyme-leaved V. crassipes O. scutatus R. acetosa. O. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. V. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. O. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. japonica Sorbaria. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla.
crispum T. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. floridus Philadelphus . vulgare var. perennis. incana M. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. M. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. O. vesca F. chiloensis F. vulgare var. vesca F. incana M. O.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. T vulgare T. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. C. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. dracunculus var.
praecox subsp. T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. maritima Thymus. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. phaenopyrum C. laevigata Eupatorium. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. benedictus. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum S. C. 'Broad-leaf English' T. A. × citriodorus T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. Silybum marianum S. 'Argenteus' T. pallasianus T. praecox T. 'Clear Gold' T. marianum S. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. arcticus T. sylvestris D. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . E.
Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . cerasiforme. pruinosa.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. praecox subsp. Coreopsis Linaria. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. sanctum O. L. sanctum Tulipa T. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. lycopersicum var. noli-tangere. lycopersicum var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. alata Lycopersicon. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Physalis peruviana L. lycopersicum L. peruviana P. P. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. P. C. radicans Bignonia capreolata. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. I.
caprea . maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. C. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. officinalis Polemonium. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. odorata V. caeruleum Clematis. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Chimaphila. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. V riviniana Viola odorata V. cornuta V. C. odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. V. P. canina. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. cornuta 'Alba' V.
wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. ambrosioides Artemisia. nudum Isatis I. S. Stachys . absinthium A. verticillata Chimaphila. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. frigida A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. I. gmelinii A. Corydalis sempervirens A. Gaultheria procumbens. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. annua A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. caprea. camphorata A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. V. pontica. W. Vanilla barbellata A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C.
shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. I. lutea. tomentosa Ilex cassine. ageratum A. × media 'Hicksii' T. filipendulina A. simplicissima Cladrastis. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. X. millefolium A. vomitoria I. C. taygetea A.
five-finger f. fragrant g.. napellus Acorus A. millefolium A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. longifolia Achillea A. fourcroydes sweet flag. monkshood flowering maple.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.. theophrasti Acacia A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . lion's tail anise hyssop. breviflora A. Indian mallow. maidenhair fern. ageratum A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. monkshood helmut flower. pedatum Agastache A. h. fennel g. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. yarrow sneezeweed. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. butter-print. sanguinary. maidenhair American maidenhair. calamus Adiantum A. cana A. blue giant hyssop. nose-bleed. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. calamus maidenhair fern. taygetea A.. h. thousand-seal. Indian mallow China jute. parlor m. alpinus Aconitum A. foeniculum Agave A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin.
Pulchellum A. hemp plant agrimony. schnittlauch giant garlic . scorodoprasum A.. sativum A. sisal hemp. schoenoprasum A. christophii A. sisalana Agrimonia A. githago Ajuga A. purple c. tree o. senescens var. Rosenbachianum A. rosea Alchemilla A. giganteum A. neapolitanum A. reptans Alcea A. ciboule. ostrowskianum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. lily leek daffodil garlic. Japanese bunching o. flavum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. alpina A. moly A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A.A. karataviense A. fistulosum A. serpent garlic chive. two-bladed o.. garlic rocambole. cocklebur. ophioscorodon A. flowering o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. Spanish o.. cive. vulgaris Allium A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. stars-of-Persia Welsh o.. sativum var.
sphaerocephalum A. japonica A.. juneberry. bugloss alkanet. pulsatilla Anethum A. marschalliana A. triphylla Althaea A. tuberosum Aloe A. garlic c. tinctoria Anthriscus A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. officinalis Anemone A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. Oriental garlic .. shad. medicinal a. white m. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. hupehensis var. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. bugloss windflower. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. shadbush. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. canadensis Amsonia A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A.glaucum A. Curasao a. caudatus Amelanchier A. officinalis Amaranthus A. archangel. cerefolium chervil angelica. Barbados a. barbadensis Aloysia A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. blanda A.. officinarum Anchusa A.
graveolens var. chrysantha A. graveolens A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.Apium A. European crowfoot bearberry. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . alpina 'Alba' A.
pontica A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . canadense A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. frigida A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. asarabacca wild ginger. rusticana Artemisia A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. dracunculus var. wormwood southernwood. kinnikinick. bear's grape. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. stewardsonii Armeria A. virginicum bearberry. gmelinii A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. old man southernwood absinthe. hog cranberry. mugwort. annua A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. sativa A. creashak green-dragon. europaeum A. arborescens A. lactiflora A. triphyllum subsp.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. mountain box. Ludoviciana var. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. sea pink thrift. camphorata A. albula A. maritima Armoracia A. red cole sagebrush. dracontium A. sandberry. pink or white horseradish. triphyllum A. mealberry.
s. vulgaris. jaundice berry. ruby s. saltbush orach. garden o. i. perennis Berberis B. B. s. butterfly flower butterfly weed. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie.. mountain spinach false indigo. wild indigo. cool-tankard cole. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. c. c.. papyrifera Boehmeria B. hortensis B Baptista B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B.Asclepias A. halimus A. major Atriplex A. plains f. mustard . c. ruby s. wild indigo blue false indigo. nivea Borago B. tuberroot. pleurisy root. tinctoria Barbarea B. upland cress winter cress. China grass borage borage. silkweed. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. vulgaris Beta milkweed. yellow r. tuberosa Asparagus A. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. talewort. rocket. australis B. Chinese silk plant. c. piprage beet swiss chard. vulgaris Bellis B. rattleweed winter cress. wild blue i. officinalis Astrantia A. orach sea orach.
oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. pineapple s. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell .. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. microphylla 'Nana' B. floridus Campanula C. eruca B. microphylla var. white-flowered k. carpatica C. koreana B. grandiflora Calendula C.. strawberry s.B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sempervirens B. officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B.
p.... persicifolia C.C. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. o. p. green p. o. o. s. o. p. s. o. p. trumpet vine. trumpet flower. o. p. chili p. crown plant trumpet creeper. o.. < previous page page_147 next page > . bell p. sweet pepper. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. o. pimento sweet pepper s. red p. green p. p. p. cow-itch. p. p. rapunculus Campsis C. p. C. p. s.
celandine celandine turtlehead. garden c. Tabasco-sauce p. chili p. Tabasco p. canariensis Cedrus C. Madagascar periwinkle.. nobile Chelidonium C.. frutescens Carthamus C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. deodara Celosia C. cristata Cercis C. marilandica Catharanthus C. tinctorius Carum C.. majus Chelone cayenne p. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. shellbark h. false saffron.. illinoinensis C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. Russian c. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. red p. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. bastard s. snakehead . ovata Cassia C.. carvi Carya C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. capsicum p. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle.. senna.
leather flower. Spanish t. cinerariifolium C. ambrosioides C. leucanthemum C.. virginiana balmony goosefoot.. botrys Chimaphila C. bonus-henricus C. Dalmatia p. frutescens C. lutea Clematis C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. balsamita C. dwarf 1. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. pyrethum. virgilia virgin's bower. American w. Robert Brydon' C. barbe-de-capuchin. ladanifer Citrus C. racemosa Cistus C. wax flower. leather flower. coccineum C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. × superbum Cichorium C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa.. mint geranium.C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. umbellata Chionanthus C. glabra Chenopodium C. Chinese dwarf 1. red-leaved chicory bugbane. pigweed Mexican tea. Meyer 1. alecost pyrethrum. × jouiniana 'Mrs. virgin's bower. crispus C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. devil's-darning- . parthenium C. old-man's-beard costmary. feather geranium. wintergreen. fat hen ambrosia.. wormseed. intybus Cimicifuga C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. rattletop black cohosh. lanuginosa 'Alba' C.
red haw hawthorn English h. laevigata C. Chinese parsley dogwood. ambigua C. trifolia Coreopsis C. autumnale Comptonia C. smokebush.needle Cnicus C. apiculatus Crataegus C. smoke plant. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . coggygria Cotoneaster C. benedictus Coix C. thorn. quick-set. tinctoria Coriandrum C. sativum Cornus C. thorn apple. smokebush smoke tree. avellana Cotinus C. arkansana C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. Venetian sumac. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. cneorum Coptis C.. majalis Convolvulus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. florida Corylus C. orientalis Convallaria C. peregrina Consolida C.
oblonga Cymbopogon C. speciosus 'Albus' C. speciosus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . scoparius C. sempervirens Cydonia C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur.. West Indian 1. × allwoodii D. gracilis Dianthus D. citratus Cytisus C.C. sieberi C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.. maritimum Crocus C. kotschyanus C. angustifolius C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. sativus C.
purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. burning bush. lanata D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. pardalianches E Echeveria E. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. gas plant. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. sativus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. carnation. × imbricata Echium clove pink. sylvestris Doronicum D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. spectabilis Dictamnus D. grandiflora D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D.
perfoliatum E. Japanese medlar. viridis Epimedium E. blueweed. plum eryngo sea holly. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort.E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . J. vulgare Elaeagnus E. pungens Eleocharis E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. dulcis Endymion E. S. jacinth. sea eryngo California poppy C. torquata Euonymus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. japonica Eryngium E. arvense E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E.. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. b. hyemale Eranthis E. ironbark. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. gum tree. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. sea holm. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. epimedium barrenwort. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. poppy eucalypt. californica Eucalyptus E. rugosum v. Australian gum. maritimum Eschscholzia E.
alpine s. sow-teat s. vulgare F. vulgare F. a.s. cyparissias F Ferula F. assafoetida Ficus F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.Euphorbia E. vulgare var. a. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. vulgare subsp. imperialis Fumaria F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . chiloensis F. major Fragaria F. finocchio. a. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. ulmaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.s. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.
. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. robertianum Glechoma G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. wild c. ground ivy. runaway robin. mountain tea.. virginiana Hedeoma H. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. our-lady's-b. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. tinctoria Geranium G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. Carolina yellow j. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. honey locust. Capejasmine wintergreen. mollugo G. nivalis Galium G. hederacea Gleditsia G.. field balm. red Robin . odoratum G.F. alumroot herb Robert. woodwaxen. teaberry. cleavers white bedstraw. dyer's greenweed. hexapetala G Galanthus G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. triacanthos Gossypium G. gardenia. woodroof yellow bedstraw. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. pulegioides American pennyroyal. maculatum G. spotted c.. vernalis H. false baby's-breath woodruff. sweet w. Carolina jasmine G. verum Gardenia G. germanica G.. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. mock p. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. checkerberry.
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matronalis Hibiscus H. corsicus H. bimli j. curry plant false licorice.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H.. turnsole heliotrope. blacking plant plantain lily. petiolatum Heliotropium H. bimlipatum j. bastard jute.. foetidus H. mallow. lividus subsp. licorice plant heliotrope. atrorubens H. Hawaiian h. niger H. rose-of-China. garland 1. Indian hemp. Deccan h.. giant m. arborescens Helleborus H. × luteola Herniaria H. sweet r. angustifolium H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. Chinese hibiscus. China rose. lemon d. glabra Hesperis H. rose m. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket... lilioasphodelus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. daylily . hibiscus kenaf. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H... flavescens Helenium H. cannabinus H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. Deckaner h.
box-leaved h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. European h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. rose h. lupulus Hydrangea H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. orangeroot.-John's-wort hyssop blue h.. white h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.-John's-wort St. . crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.-John's-wort St. quercifolia Hydrastis H. perforatum Hyssopus H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. asiatica Hypericum H. crenata var. Burford's holly Japanese holly. patulum 'Sungold' H. horned h.H. box-leaved h. navelwort gotu kola St.
jewelweed. horizontalis creeping j. cristata I. crested dwarf i. vomitoria 'Nana' I.. officinale Juniperus J. spotted t. water f.. florentina I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. woad dyer's woad. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. capensis Indigofera I. × germanica var. crested i. African corn lily corn lily orris. pseudacorus Isatis I. snapweed. helenium Ipomoea I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. chinensis var. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. alba Iris I. yellow flag. tinctoria Inula I.. maculata J Jasminum J. 'Great Lakes' I. opaca I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. touch-me-not jewelweed.I. glabra I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . tinctoria Ixia I. J. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. wilsonii Impatiens I.
maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. plume flower. white d. carnea Brazilian-plume. album L. plume plant. flamingo p. n. dumb nettle. maculatum L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. paradise p.. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. sweet bay laurel. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. dentata L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . n. dentata var. nobilis Lavandula L.. d. brandegeana shrimp plant J. indica Lamium L.Justicia water willow J... angustifolia L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. bay.
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
. officinale Ligustrum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. marsh rosemary. benzoin Linum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. perenne L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. muscari Lobelia L. hedge plant privet. aestivum Levisticum L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. lovage privet. pepperwort. candidum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. blue cardinal flower . sativum Leucojum L. summer s. usitatissimum Liriope L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s.
satin flower honesty. stellata M. catchfly mullein pink. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. penny f. sempervirens Lunaria L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. campion. cordata Magnolia M. coral h. moonwort. europaeus Lysimachia L. coronaria L. grandiflora M. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. silver-dollar. vulgaris Lythrum L. annua Lychnis L. gypsywort.L. coronaria 'Alba' L. flava L. money plant. lycopersicum var.. honesty. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. virginiana sweet alyssum. maritima L. lycopersicum var.
. holly g. imperial stock balm lemon b.. sweet b. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. bluebells. hupehensis Malva M. Brampton stock. wild crab crab apple crab mallow.. blue barberry apple. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape.. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M... American crab. gillyflower. musk m. bergamot m. stock stock. angustifolia M. curly m. incanum M. Oregon g. Scotch m. holly barberry. 'Guiding Star' M. b. lungwort bluebells. menthella. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. × piperita var. cowslip. × piperita M. × gentilis M. alcea var.. officinalis Mentha M. Virginia b. pennyroyal Corsican m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint.. lemon m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. fastigiata Marrubium M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. bee b. white h. longifolia M. requienii M. pulegium M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. holly mahonia. incana Melissa M. vulgare Matthiola M. aquatica M. Virginia c. mountain g.. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. pineapple m.Mahonia M. apple m. horsemint . horsemint peppermint orange mint. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. citrata M.
red m. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Greek myrtle. b. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. candleberry. white bee balm pink b. fistulosa M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . winter purslane. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. punctata Montia M. textilis Myosotis M. American m. Oswego tea. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. anise. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce.. menthifolia M. pink b. Manila hemp forget-me-not.M. white b. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. swamp c. banana abaca. sylvatica Myrica M. sweet cicely. Swedish m. citriodora M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. odorata Myrtus M. myrrh. b. fistulosa var. b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. heal-all. all-heal salad burnet. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. hardy orange poplar.. tacamahac cinquefoil. veris Prunella P. lungwort blue 1. golden hardhack. persica Pteridium P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. pasture b. brake. Americana P. hog-pasture b.Poncirus P. Jerusalem sage. trifoliata Populus P.. domestica P. brake bracken. balsam p. granatum Pyrus P. maritima P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. sieboldii 'Alba' P. angustifolia P. vulgaris Prunus P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. elatior P. sand p. widdy shrubby c. pensylvanica P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P.. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. hackmatack. nepalensis P. aspen. five-finger shrubby c.
autumn damask r.. mountain c. eglantine. pygmy r. . pie plant. York-and-Lancaster r.. Bourbon r. rose. red currant. eglanteria R. gallica damask r. sativum Rosa R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. purshiana Rheum R. fairy r. gooseberry alpine c. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. typhina Ribes R. China r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. crowfoot lesser celandine. brier r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. banksiae R.. stellata R Ranunculus R. moss r. canina R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. × borboniana R. moss r. dog b. garden r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. ficaria Reseda R. cabbage r. garden c. sweetbrier French r. dog r. small c.Quercus Q... luteola Rhamnus R. alpinum R. brier Banksia r. chinensis 'Minima' R. pilewort mignonette weld.. 'Cinderella' R.
laevigata R. setigera R. Cherokee r.. × rehderana R.. snowdwarf memorial r.. prostrate rosemary. angustissimus R. chinquapin r. golden p. rugosa R. burnet r. dock s. × harisonii R. French sorrel rue . Japanese r. polyantha r. Scotch r. moschata R. hirta Rumex R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. musk r. garden sorrel broad dock. roxburghii R. Harison's yellow r. madder bramble blackberry. tinctorum Rubus R. rosemary white r. Turkestan r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. climbing r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. rosemary pine-scented r. obtusifolius R. r. sorrel. bitter d.. climbing r. spinosissima R. wichuraiana R. 'Schneezwerg' R.'Officinalis' R. chestnut r. prairie r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. acetosa R.
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argentea S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. purple variegated garden s. caprea Salvia S. Mexican bush s. American e. clevelandii S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. clary annual clary elder. purple g. purple sage baby sage garden sage. canadensis willow. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. garden s. guaranitica S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. involucrata S. elegans S. osier goat willow.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. caerula S. gray sage. pussy willow sage. viridis Sambucus S. variegated garden s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. sclarea S. golden g. elderberry American e. microphylla S. greggii S. leucophylla S. bloodroot red puccoon. bloodroot rue . s. leucantha S.
atropurpurea Sedum S... devil's tongue. morganianum S. hen-and-chickens. sisarum Solanum S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. sweet s. Mary's t.. good-luck plant.Sanguisorba S. roof h. trifasciata Santolina S. jasminoides S. albidum Satureja S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. melongena var. live-forever houseleek. lucky plant. blessed t. officinalis Sassafras S. hortensis S. live-forever houseleek.. skirret potato vine eggplant. mourning-bride stonecrop. milk t. neapolitana S. telephium Sempervivum S. marianum Sium S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. mad apple . pinnata S. tectorum Silybum S. canadensis Sansevieria S. St. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. pincushion flower pincushions. orpine donkey's tail orpine. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. hemp plant snake plant. virens Saponaria S.
. hedge nettle. officinale Syringa S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T.. laciniata Persian lilac S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. woundwort lamb's-ears. patula melongene. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. byzantina S. reticulata var. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. laevis Symphytum S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. × persica var. americana Stachys S. lilac . sorbifolia Sorbus S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. erecta marigold African m. officinale S. grandiflora S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. lutea Stokesia S. vulgaris 'Addie V. Aztec m. californica Sorbaria S. big m. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S.
golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. vulgare T. crispum Taraxacum T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. culinary golden lemon t. filifolia T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. lucida T. . 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. signet m. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.. marum Thuja T. dense y. columnar y. officinale Taxus T. sweet mace French m. occidentalis Thymus T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Argenteus' T.. wood sage germander dwarf.T. carnosus T. canadense T. yew conical y. germander American g. lemon t. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. upright y. vulgare var. dwarf m. tansy tansy.. fruticans T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. procumbent g.
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mother-of-thyme white creeping t. wishbone flower. herba-barona T. t. praecox subsp. richardii subsp. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T.. praecox T. leucotrichus T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. t. pallasianus T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. not culinary French t. zygis Torenia T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. odorus t. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. creeping t. doerfleri T. serpyllum T. red c.. glabrescens T. woolly thyme creeping t. .< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. caraway t. crimson c. confederatej. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. lanatum Trifolium T. nitidus T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. pratensis Trichostema T. lemon t. nummularius T.
clusiana T. flannel plant. kaufmanniana T. red s. tarda T. velvet p. huckleberry. species t.Tropaeolum T. tawny orange t. water-lily t. serpyllifolia nasturtium. dioica V Vaccinium V. maritima Urtica U. blueberry. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. 'General de Wet' T. mullein mullein. speedwell. minus Tsuga T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. angustifolium var. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. 'Blizzard' T. canadensis Tulipa T. .. bitter Indian garden n. nettle stinging n. majus T. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. officinalis Verbascum V. tall n. laevifolium Valeriana V. squill. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. officinalis V.. thapsus Veronica V. olympicum V. Indian cress dwarf n. farfara U Urginea U. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. 'Sweet Harmony' T. cranberry. early. blattaria V. pale yellow Darwin t.
aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. cassinoides V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. × wittrockiana Vitis V. canina V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. possum haw . heartsease. lesser p. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. prunifolium Vinca V. running m. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. ladies-delight. zizanioides Viburnum V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. violet dog violet horned v. carlesii V... odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' V. sheepberry. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. minor Viola V.Vetiveria V. khus-khus. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle.. nannyberry. withe-rod vetiver. tricolor V. maple-leaved viburnum. myrtle. sweet h. arrowwood. acerifolium V. heartsease pansy.
ginger. Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.