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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. Then. and record every detailall of the failures. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. This they did. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. more of them exist to serve as examples. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. for they had no model and no guide. and the experience provided the final section of the book. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. seven years ago. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. and the publisher. This was not to be. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. especially poetry. Their energy and charm caught me up. carefully chosen. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. With false starts and honest stops. It needs no sequel. and I have had the pleasure of advising. punching. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. alterations. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . responded with delight. Again they revised. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. build it. pushing. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. The turning point came when. Ginny had done some writing. successes. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. wheedling. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. bereft of hope. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. whether all their labor was to no avail. with sparkling enthusiasm. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled.

while others were prepared by landscape designers. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. by their owners. Some of these were created by landscape architects. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. The herb garden designs alone. To achieve this. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. . lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. and educational purpose. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. former generic names. English thyme. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Likewise. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. we completed a test garden. as in Rosmarinus officinalis." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. and these are capitalizedfor example. 1969 and 1980. degree of maintenance required. Not all plants used are herbs. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. Italics are always used for botanical names. although countless common names exist. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. the authors. or by contributors. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. historical interest. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. We. specialty. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. without accompanying commentary. rather. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. A range of essential factors is considered herein. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs.

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Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Alexander Apanius. Alice Skelsey. Trudi Bela. Special thanks are due James C. Swanson and Robert B. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support.. Lee Buss. Recognition is due Robert B.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. A lecturer on herbs. His assistant. Keebler and the late Everest P. librarian. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Weatherhead. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. We are grateful to many. have also been of assistance. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Derthick. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Herbert J. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. former director of same. and Rexford Talbert. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. past presidents. Jo Lohmolder. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Richard T. Genevieve Jyurovat. SWANSON VIRGINIA B.D. as expediter and typist. has given us valuable information. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. too. which made possible the completion of our text. She has served. and August Frugé. and Joanna Reed. and the horticulturist. former managing editors. has been especially helpful over the years. Rady. Finally. FAITH H. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Betty Rea. president. Eleanor Gambee. M. Wanda Ritchie. Nell Neff. The late Raymond C. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Isaacson. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. and Elizabeth Bryce. Susan Frugé.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

" wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. a front dooryard. the north point will have been indicated. As Henry Beston reflects. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. "Not difficult to plan. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. fences. or an abandoned. some of which are evergreen. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. lay out a plan of the property. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. partially excavated area. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. and decisions must not be left to chance. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. In order to create a fine garden design. As one constantly reinforces the other.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. temples of worship. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. Perennial herbs. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. new ways of seeing. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. Its interest is independent of flowers. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. new plants. and hedges will have been located." A good design does not "happen. to increase the value of the property. not at all difficult to maintain. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. and structures. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. If no . have foliage that changes color with the seasons. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times.

Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. fences. and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > . measurements are in engineer's scale. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here.

Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Other areas may require a smaller scale. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. to locate the house. A deed description. will give the lot or acreage measurements. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. In the absence of a survey map. too.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. and the driveway. other significant structures. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. The object is to . a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. Next. In this example. Here. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. such as the one illustrated here. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. too. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. but with all needed information. measure to locate the house.

plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and unusual land features noted. enclosures. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. triangleof inexpensive plastic. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. shrubs. and parallel lines. The tools needed for drawing are few. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. paths. graph paperfor use under tracing paper.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. < previous page page_3 next page > . The smaller the scale. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. driveway. lines at an angle.

and stone.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. brick. yew. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. In the designs that follow. and hedges of hemlock. or summer kitchen is ideal. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. One basic rule is the higher the wall. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. bayberry. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. iron. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. old smokehouse. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. garage. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. However. With the plan on paper. A toolhouse. Upkeep. In some cases. and holly. greenhouse. gazebo. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. In the absence of a structure. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

they can be made to order. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. box. Brick is the all-time favorite material. but the results will confirm this course. yew. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Where air circulation is much needed. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Generally. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Stone. painted. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. or pressure-treated lumber. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. cut stones. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. In some climates. as an example. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. For example. When used with a hedge. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. If desired. Lower cost is an advantage. Allow adequate room within the row. At first. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. holly. or natural. landscape timbers. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. if wood is the material of choice. it will seem too sparsely planted. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. however. and rosemary. the garden design is most attractive. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. as in outdoor room dividers. Whatever the reason. for example. Rosemary. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. railroad ties. elegant box. When this reinforcement is understated. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. such as bayberry. gray surfaces are found.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. annual painting is a necessity. Stained. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Styles are legion. too. deeply evergreen. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. some deciduous and some evergreen. or. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. . rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Gates are part of the enclosure. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. If used. so give them much thought. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Equally important is proportion. whether it will be rocks. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. and their styles are countless. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. used for dry wall or masonry construction. bricks. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. for reinforcing the design.

awkward and unsafe. there is a necessary. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. Conversely. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. too. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. the greater the tread. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. A width of four feet allows room for turning. . A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. for example. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. making the design more evident. Paths must be ample. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. If groups are walking through. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. however. The colors are various: terracotta. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. and maintenance. but should be compatible with. their use no less than comfortable. rosy pink. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. because they are just that. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. It is a general rule that the less the riser. appearance. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Access paths. There are. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Step materials need not be the same as. or red. cost.

not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern.

< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .

With these recommendations in mind. bark or pine needles can be used. prepare a planting plan for each. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. a result being hazardous footing. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. a soft-lead pencil in hand. When they mature. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used.) To avoid having a slippery surface. serviceberry. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. is an enjoyable experience. and many good references are available. shad Malus coronaria. They are easily renewed as they break down. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. shrubs. This. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. too. or trees to be considered. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. they should not shade the herbs too much. If the garden is made up of separate beds.

Artifacts As with other gardens. lemon thyme. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. noting well their growth habits. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. It needs. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Sept. too. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. for example. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. however. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Do use a soft-lead pencil. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. or whatever is best in your case. a focal point is customarily used. Often this center of interest is a sundial. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . one-half inch equals one foot. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. 'Mount Hood daff. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. it is easily read and easily erased. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. for example. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. whether they are invasive or tall growing. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. such as the one illustrated here. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs.

a niche of its own should be created.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. It is then in scale with its frame. the height of a fence to the house. If a statue less than life-size is used. < previous page page_9 next page > . respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. Again. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. and a good sense of proportion is achieved.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

that of good proportion. However. For easy reference. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. Except for two. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a stylized drawing of an ovary. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . the designs have a decorative north point.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Lavandula savory angustifolia. dill cerasiforme. or other structure. a fence. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. fennel 2. Landscape Architect.Satureja montana. 3.A.Thymus praecox subsp. 7. 22. 1. 21.Pelargonium graveolens. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 6. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. 4. lemon 15. sativa. Foeniculum vulgare. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 16.Lobularia maritima. lovage 17. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. summer 23.Ocimum basilicum. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. Lavenders accent the front corners. bee balm 13. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. arcticus 27.Allium 11. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Poterium sanguisorba.Melissa officinalis. 26. With color and texture considered for contrast.S. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. The rules of symmetry are observed. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. sweet 25.Satureja hortensis. 14.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.Galium odoratum. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. A.L.Origanum majorana. salad burnet 12. 5. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. rose 24. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. lemon balm . The first number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. which is used here in relation to a garage.Viola tricolor.

white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. chive 18. dwarf garden 20.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis. costmary 'Albus'.Porrum Group.Origanum heracleoticum. curly parsley 10. Pelargonium × limoneum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . Greek 28. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. leek 9. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.8. 19.

perhaps overgrown with weeds.Lavandula angustifolia. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. curly parsley sativa. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Aloysia triphylla. summer 10.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 11. 17. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Allium schoenoprasum. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. French tarragon 2. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. 13.Satureja hortensis.Pelargonium tomentosum. . Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. rose 19. 9.Monarda didyma. white 20. lemon verbena 21. 18. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Foeniculum vulgare. bush basil 3. Petroselinum crispum var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. as was done here. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Pelargonium graveolens. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. fennel English lavender geranium 4. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 12.

Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana.salad burnet 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Rosa eglanteria. eglantine 23. English'.Thymus × citriodorus. 14. English thyme dill 8. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 16. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Galium odoratum.

sativa. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Allium schoenoprasum. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Levisticum officinale. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Even in limited space. lovage 15. parsley 5. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. however. Origanum heracleoticum. 13. however.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese yew 17.S.Poterium sanguisorba.Petroselinum crispum. The garden is conveniently located. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. garden sage 8. still observing a scale. salad burnet 14. 1. summer savory 11. . English thyme Greek oregano 4. Then the design might need to be expanded.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Origanum majorana. spearmint 16. and the plan could be used at a front door. 9. A. The number in each planting area is the key number.A. sweet marjoram 3.Taxus cuspidata. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. making the beds larger and the paths wider. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha spicata. dill 2.L.Salvia officinalis. lemon thyme 10. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. 7.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var.

6. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

salad 20. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus × citriodorus. cinnamon fern 4. lavender marjoram 2. Landscape Architect. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 32.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Allium ampeloprasum.Polemonium reptans. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Jacob's-ladder 3. fennel 19.Primula vulgaris. hop sativa. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.S. fraxinella 15.Convallaria majalis. The number in each planting area is the key number.A. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. Viola odorata. A. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 31. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Teucrium chamaedrys. 18.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 13. garden sage 17. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. yellow 29. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. blue lungwort 26.Pulmonaria officinalis. This is an intimate garden.L. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.Origanum majorana. sweet violet 16. Monarda didyma. 1.Polystichum acrostichoides. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 33.Artemisia dracunculus var. 7. The long. summer 21. 8. the challenge is obvious.Asarum canadense.Digitalis grandiflora. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. Christmas fern 5.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.Osmunda cinnamomea. leek Foeniculum vulgare. 30. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 25.Humulus lupulus. lemon thyme 28. wild ginger 27. 9. 6. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. Dictamnus albus. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Stachys byzantina. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. bee balm 14.

fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Galium odoratum. 35. Canada hemlock Standard'.Petroselinum crispum var. French thyme woodruff koreana.Sorbus americana. yellow bedstraw 23.Galium verum.Korean box 11.Satureja montana. sweet 34. crispum.Tsuga canadensis. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. winter savory 24.lilac 10.savory germander Willmott'. French'.Buxus microphylla var.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.

devoted to a "yearly surprise. dill 10. One of the beds.Origanum heracleoticum. Even so.Petroselinum crispum var. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. lemon verbena 2. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. neapolitanum. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Aloysia triphylla. Surprisingly.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. this design can be an inspiration. It is a pleasing.Rumex scutatus. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.Salvia officinalis. To be placed near the kitchen. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. 19. Italian parsley .Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. garden sage 20. geometric design. it became part of the patio. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. 1." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.

curly parsley 22. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . lemon balm cicely 6.17. sweet 13. garlic chive 26. French tarragon 5.3.Satureja hortensis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Petroselinum crispum var.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. salad 15.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. purple basil 4.Melissa officinalis. summer savory 23. lemon basil 9. sweet 14.Satureja montana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. borage 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum. crispum.Allium tuberosum. Alpine strawberry 7. sweet 18.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. English thyme bush basil 8.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Anthriscus cerefolium. chervil marjoram 21. basil sativa. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Ocimum basilicum 12. chive 25.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana.Borago officinalis. winter savory 24.Myrrhis odorata. 16.

Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. English thyme lemon thyme 11. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. it is an unusual. 1. To increase the planting area. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Pelargonium in variety. lamb's-ears 20. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. Created in an orderly way.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet cicely 23. green santolina 12. sweet 13. blue 22. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Rosmarinus officinalis. 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. D. 14.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. winter 21. geometric design. the work paths could be eliminated. English lavender 10. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. gray .Santolina virens. purple basil 4. As a whole. so. The center beds here were established in this way.C.Hyssopus officinalis.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Galium odoratum. it is full of interesting angles. rosemary 3. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. too. scented-leaf geranium 2.

horehound24.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia camphorata.Myrtus communis. clove pink 7.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Dianthus caryophyllus. silver mound artemisia 18.Salvia officinalis. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . camphor-scented wormwood 8.Ilex opaca. classic myrtle 9. American southernwood holly 17. 25.Marrubium vulgare.6.

and if an herb garden is to be created at all. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. pot marigold 24. Lavandula angustifolia. winter savory 16. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. yarrow 12. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. gray santolina 13. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Galium odoratum. purple basil 3. sweet woodruff 5. too. arcticus 21. Its arrow points north and. This center of interest is of particular note. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. French tarragon 14.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. which adds its impression of warmth. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Coix lacryma-jobi.Thymus praecox subsp. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Hyssopus officinalis. Sometimes space is limited.Tanacetum vulgare. rosemary 15. blue hyssop 2. borage 23. Achillea millefolium.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 25. English lavender 6. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe 26. Ocimum basilicum.Satureja montana. lemon balm 22.Borago officinalis.Chamaemelum . sweet basil 4. casts the shadow for the hour. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. this herb garden is secluded. Job's tears 11.Artemisia absinthium.Calendula officinalis. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. sativa.

Syringa. sweet 29. scented-leaf 27.Origanum majorana.Symphytum officinale. pineapplescented sage 9. garden sage 19.7. Salvia officinalis.Origanum vulgare. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia elegans. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Carya illinoinensis. costmary 'Albus'. chive 18.Pelargonium in variety. marjoram pecan 10. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . wild marjoram 28. variegated garden sage 8. chamomile 17.Chrysanthemum balsamita. comfrey20.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.

Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. hyssop Meyer lemon . marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. The more invasive ones. sweet 34. sativa. summer 32. 5. sweet cicely 37. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium sativum. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 6. parsley 17. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 30. 4. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Origanum majorana. 18. garlic Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium graveolens.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. rue 31. chervil 15. horehound 33. lemon balm 35. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. When controlled in this way. sunken into the ground. dill 20.Myrrhis odorata. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Marrubium vulgare. Anthriscus cerefolium. French sorrel 21.Teucrium chamaedrys. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 3. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. 29.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 9.Melissa officinalis. 7.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium × limoneum.Ruta graveolens. rose geranium 2. 8. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. 19. lovage 22. blue 23. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Ipomoea alba. 36.Salvia officinalis.Apium graveolens. true ginger16.Galium odoratum.

Magnolia virginiana.Tropaeolum minus.Thymus × citriodorus. dwarf nasturtium 13. bush basil 14.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. lemonthyme 28. French thyme 24.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha spicata. sweet basil 38.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. salad burnet 25. Greek oregano 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme 26. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . lemon verbena 11.Origanum heracleoticum.Ocimum basilicum.10.Poterium sanguisorba.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Japanese yew 39. spearmint 27.

but. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. "Simplify. a quick way to ensure good drainage." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. simplify!. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. < previous page page_22 next page > .< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. whatever the reason. however.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

14. tomato American pennyroyal 4. aloe Grossum Group. French tarragon 5.Thymus praecox subsp. peppermint 23.Salvia officinalis.Galium odoratum. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 13.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 17.Mentha x piperita.Lindera benzoin.Allium fistulosum.Melissa officinalis. 18.Tanacetum vulgare. balm sativa.Artemisia absinthium.Aloe barbadensis.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. tansy 11.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet 25.Satureja hortensis. sweet 15. lettuce 10.Capsicum frutescens. lemon 22.Mentha spicata.Monarda didyma. summer basil savory 7. rue 20.Impatiens capensis. parsley 2. bell pepper 6.Allium schoenoprasum.Petroselinum crispum. bee balm 19.Ruta graveolens. spicebush absinthe French'. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .The number in each planting area is the key number. 16. garden sage 3.Anethum graveolens. 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. jewelweed24.Lactuca sativa. arcticus. 26. spearmint 21. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. A low wall of brick. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. faced and capped with random. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. germander 7. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Perovskia abrotanoides. horizontally laid bluestone. 1. too.Pelargonium in variety. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. arcticus 14. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. French thyme 2. Russian 13. Thymus praecox subsp. encloses this plan.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. . The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.

withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . arcticus 'Albus'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Thymus praecox subsp.Galium odoratum. St.Viburnum cassinoides.Hamamelis virginiana. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp.angustifolia. witch hazel 18.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. lemon thyme 10.-John'swort 17. Thymus × citriodorus. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. crimson creeping thyme 9. lady's6. trumpet vine 16.Santolina neapolitana 4. blue 11. white creeping thyme 5. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lavender 3. lemon balm hyssop 12.Campsis radicans.Hyssopus officinalis.Melissa officinalis.

lilac. the shrubsyew. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Although this is not a large garden. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. However. It is. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. < previous page page_28 next page > . however. Germander is a proper edging here. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. holly. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. box. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Hyssopus officinalis. 9. red creeping thyme 10. orris 38.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. 32. lady's.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. blue horehound hyssop 3.Ruta graveolens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Albus'. sweet violet 19. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf privet 48. Corsican 24. columnal yew 43.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. 1. florentina. gray sage savory 14.Comptonia peregrina. Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Thymus praecox subsp. clary 30.Teucrium chamaedrys. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . fraxinella 33. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Japanese yew 44. 23. white hyssop 4.Borago officinalis.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. dwarf crested iris 39. Viola odorata.Salvia leucophylla.Satureja montana. fringed wormwood 16. 26. lilac 45. lamb'sears 35.Anemone pulsatilla. green 27.Iris × germanica var.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. winter 29. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Chrysanthemum coccineum. mint silver mound artemisia 25. Marrubium vulgare.Myrtus communis. lavender 22. Heliotropium arborescens.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Cytisus supinus. crimson creeping thyme 31.Dictamnus albus.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. 18.20. alpine strawberry 8. Mentha requienii. mantle chamomile 5. 12.Syringa patula.Artemisia camphorata. Japanese holly 47.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Iris cristata. sweet cicely17. Alchemilla vulgaris.Salvia sclarea. white creeping thyme 37. prostrate rosemary 13. classic myrtle 15. rue 6. Simkins'. santolina alpine pink 28.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Artemisia frigida.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Stachys byzantina. Japanese holly 42.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. dwarf box 41.Artemisia ludoviciana var. cottage pink 2.Eloise & Jo Ray. woolly thyme 7. sweet albula. broom 40.Santolina virens.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina pinnata 34. germander 36. shrubby cinquefoil 46. 21.

This hedge. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. a running bond pattern. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. while adding to the enclosure of the area. an herb garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. and a vegetable garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. Other paths are brick. The direction a path takes can add interest. < previous page page_30 next page > . and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. as is true here in the vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. a cutting garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area.

S.L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. .A. A.

yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Salvia officinalis.Galium odoratum. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. lavender 18. blue hyssop 43. double white peony of-Persia 12. sweet 51. statice Solemacher'. Louise'.Origanum heracleoticum.Petroselinum crispum var. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. plantain lily 2. Campanula persicifolia.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. candytuft Standard'.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Allium schoenoprasum.Satureja montana.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. Aquilegia chrysantha. lamb's-ears 49. York-andLancaster rose 16. 50. blue 27. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. 37.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. French tarragon 8.Artemisia dracunculus var. blue iris 9. lemon 29. 47.Chrysanthemum × superbum. alpine strawberry 3. Achillea taygetea.Salvia sclarea. lemon thyme 40. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Limonium latifolium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bush basil 41.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. helenium 4. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. Stokes' aster 31. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Allium christophii.Hemerocallis × luteola. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. sweet marjoram 45. Anethum graveolens 23. yellow epimedium 15.Polystichum acrostichoides. 22.Origanum majorana. 55. dill wishbone flower 5. pale 28.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum 54. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 44. Dictamnus albus. verbena rose chive 11. 1.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Magnolia virginiana. garden sage 56.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. yellow 35.Lilium candidum. summer 34. germander 39. yellow 24. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . fraxinella 26. 14.Hyssopus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. Christmas 48. 53. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Stokesia laevis.Ribes alpinum.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. white 'Bouquet'. green santolina 42.Helleborus niger.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina virens. 32.Satureja hortensis.Pelargonium in variety. starsMaxima'.Stachys byzantina. sativa. 52. French thyme 7. Rosmarinus officinalis.Digitalis grandiflora. clary 46. cottage pink French'. purple basil Japanese holly 17.

The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. a retaining wall or walls are needed. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. < previous page page_32 next page > . The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. While serving as a soil retainer. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. as in this case. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space.

Melissa officinalis. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.45.Iris pseudacorus.Thymus × citriodorus. English 44.A. Monarda didyma. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. Ocimum basilicum.Solanum pseudocapsicum. borage 26. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Galium odoratum.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Allium schoenoprasum. The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's25. 21.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet 23.Iris cristata.Viola odorata. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Lavandula angustifolia. lady's43. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. spearmint 41. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Stachys byzantina.Aloysia triphylla. 42.Alchemilla vulgaris. F. . bee balm 24. crispum. Landscape Architect.Mentha spicata. Borago officinalis.A. lemon verbena 46. lemon 22.R. 1.

carpet bugleweed 8. curly mint 30.7.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 52. pink hawthorn 16. savory sativa. sweet marjoram 28.Petroselinum crispum var. pineapple38. Rosmarinus officinalis. curly parsley oak 17.Salvia officinalis. Poterium sanguisorba. 57.Allium tuberosum. flowering dogwood 15. leek 49. garden sage 36.Capsicum frutescens. 56.Artemisia absinthium.Petroselinum crispum var. tabasco senna pepper 20.Elaeagnus pungens. clove 55. Porrum Group.Salvia elegans. 40. southernwood 31.Marrubium vulgare.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. garlic chive 48. Ajuga reptans. catnip 50. post crispum 'Banquet'.Crataegus arkansana.Cornus florida.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Proliferum Group.Dianthus caryophyllus. Greek 53. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Ruta graveolens.Foeniculum vulgare. polyantha rose 12. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Satureja hortensis.Origanum majorana. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. myrtle 58.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 34. 33.Chrysanthemum balsamita. mullein chive 47.Verbascum thapsus. salad burnet 10.Cassia marilandica. French tarragon holly 13.Artemisia abrotanum. Egyptian onion 11.Vinca minor.Origanum heracleoticum. rosemary 9. wild 39.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. 37. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Mentha × piperita var.Nepeta cataria.Mentha pulegium. rue 51. citrata.Anethum graveolens.Allium ampeloprasum. orange mint 29. absinthe English thyme 27. pennyroyal 54.Allium cepa. horehound neapolitanum.Rosa × rehderana.Quercus stellata. fennel 35. summer 32.Allium sativum.

sleep pillows. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. mothproofing bags. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. < previous page page_34 next page > . which are a good way to supply controlled shade. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. and vinegars. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. Although this is a northeast exposure. However.

Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .

Rumex scutatus.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Salvia elegans. blue hyssop 35.Pelargonium × limoneum.Satureja montana.Levisticum officinale. Santolina chamaecyparissus. purple basil sage 11.Allium schoenoprasum.Valeriana officinalis. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. garden 'Purpurascens'. 19.Ocimum basilicum 27.Thuja occidentalis. peppermint geranium 40.Pelargonium fragrans.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Salvia officinalis. winter 29. southernwood 9. 1.Hemerocallis. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Iris × germanica var.Agastache foeniculum.Aloysia triphylla. 50. 23. Ruta graveolens. 'President Poincare'.Allium moly. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. lemon 18. Egyptian onion 42. burnet lovage 6.Allium sativum var. lettuce in variety 25.Pelargonium graveolens. round-headed garlic 46.Rosmarinus officinalis. Petroselinum crispum var. nutmeg geranium 39.Galium odoratum. dwarf nasturtium 37. florentina. Artemisia pontica. lilac 32. Hallock'. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . French gray santolina sorrel 8. Proliferum Group.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. chive 43. 49.Mentha spicata.Artemisia abrotanum.The number in each planting area is the key number. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. 21.Pelargonium tomentosum. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Tanacetum vulgare. Lactuca. bay 48. costmary 5.Alchemilla vulgaris. daylily in variety 41. 24.Tropaeolum minus.Allium cepa. crispum. orris 17. rue 26.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Artemisia dracunculus var. salad 22. Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 31. lily leek 44. balm valerian 15.Allium pulchellum 47.Monarda didyma.Salvia oficinalis. tansy 16.Calendula officinalis. anise hyssop 14.Hyssopus officinalis . English finger-bowl geranium 38. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. pot 28. sativa. Thymus × citriodorus. French tarragon 10.Allium sphaerocephalum. Roman 20. lavender 7. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. lemon verbena 36.Laurus nobilis. garden sage 2. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bee balm 30.Melissa officinalis.Tsuga canadensis. American rosemary arborvitae 34. 'Monge'.

with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. is the focus of the middle level. < previous page page_36 next page > . Invasive.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.

Poterium sanguisorba.Sempervivum tectorum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. salad burnet 23. dwarf winter savory 2. white thrift 24. foxglove 4. summer savory 43.Armeria maritima. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. sativa. French tarragon 44. bee balm 26.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Valeriana officinalis. pineapplescented sage 47. pineapple mint 22.Salvia elegans.Artemisia dracunculus var.Marrubium vulgare. Digitalis purpurea.Satureja hortensis.Foeniculum vulgare. thyme 3.Monarda didyma. fennel 25. valerian 5. Satureja montana 'Nana'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. horehound 46. 1. houseleek 45. golden thyme .

skirret 60.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. white 58. annual clary 51.Galium verum.Eranthis hyemalis.Rosa eglanteria. absinthe 53.Helleborus niger.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Isatis tinctoria. rosemary 28. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.6. pot 35. fraxinella 8. sweet 50.Crocus sativus. Angelica archangelica. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Origanum majorana. sweet basil sage 27.Galium odoratum.Allium schoenoprasum. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Symphytum officinale.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box 21. 40.Alchemilla vulgaris.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. French'. clary 48. arcticus 55.Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. winter bugloss 'Albus'. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Ocimum basilicum. angelica Lenten rose 10. yellow 41. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Artemisia absinthium.Agrimonia eupatoria.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Teucrium chamaedrys. rue 31.Rosa chinensis. lavender Christmas rose 11. pink 59.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. China rose comfrey 19. germander 56. garden 42. blue hyssop 57. sweet 37. viper's 34.Salvia officinalis.Myrrhis odorata.Chrysanthemum 36. 39.Foeniculum vulgare.Levisticum officinale. Dictamnus albus.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia viridis. 54.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. 30.Calendula officinalis.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Salvia sclarea. pink 62. parthenium. marigold chive 15. feverfew climbing rose 16.Echium vulgare. 38. Madonna cicely lily 12. 61.Sium sisarum.Laurus nobilis.Anemone pulsatilla.Helleborus orientalis.Lilium candidum. sweet 32. English 52. dyer's woad 7. white creeping thyme aconite 14. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Ruta graveolens. 33.

The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and the shagbark hickory. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. < previous page page_38 next page > . There is variety in this plan. However. even though space is limited. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Carya ovata. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal.

Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .

lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. sweet basil Satureja montana. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. borage Petroselinum crispum. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. valerian Rosa damascena. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. box Carya ovata. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. rue Cornusflorida. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. bee balm Melissa officinalis. green santolina Primula veris. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. Adiantum pedatum. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. dogwood Salvia sclarea. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. Marrubium vulgare. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. citrata. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. chive Ilex opaca. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Asarum canadense. Canada Isatis tinctoria. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. box Ruta graveolens. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. red mint .Galium verum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. Poterium sanguisorba. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. angelica Mondarda didyma. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. box Buxus sempervirens. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia.Arisaema triphyllum. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. Aloysia triphylla. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. stewardsonii. germander Agastache foeniculum. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. flax Buxus sempervirens. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. lamb's. sativa. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. French Galium odoratum.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

too. unplanned look was desired. An informal. it is open on the side facing the house. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. A singular statue of St. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. this excavation. However. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. is on a sandy knoll.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. first intended for the construction of a cottage. A clump of birch here. For this appearance. a dipping pool there. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. < previous page page_40 next page > .

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

red mint 48.Consolida orientalis. French'. 72. apple mint 49. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. mint 50. Thymus praecox subsp. 77.Pelargonium graveolens. rose geranium 10. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Mentha pulegium.Pelargonium denticulatum.Origanum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. 'Prostratus'.Satureja hortensis. 58. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. fern-leaf tansy 23.Monarda fistulosa. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Coriandrum sativum. 8.Allium schoenoprasum. 53. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Thymus praecox subsp. sea onion angelica 24. orris chamaecyparissus. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Vinca minor. sweet 71.Glechoma hederacea.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. garden sage lungwort 57.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Ajuga reptans. 60. pineapple3. bee balm .Valeriana officinalis. gray scented sage santolina 4.Tanacetum vulgare var. myrtle 14.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 64.Rosa 'Merry England'.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. chive crispum.Ocimum basilicum.Anthriscus cerefolium. 76. white birch English lavender parthenium. pot 66. purple basil 9. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Petroselinum crispum.Chrysanthemum 80. 74.Origanum onites.Myrrhis odorata. peppermint 47.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Armeria maritima. Iris × germanica var. 75.Allium favum lovage 22.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 70.Convallaria majalis.Pelargonium quercifolium.Digitalis grandiflora. Artemisia dracunculusvar. woolly thyme 13.Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 59.Mentha × piperita. winter savory 20. pennyroyal 46. golden 37.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 61. 63.Viola tricolor. spearmint 45. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. wild 43. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 68. Thymus × citriodorus. 31.Origanum majorana. 36. thrift55. 52. 30. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Anethum graveolens. 34. 69.Hyssopus officinalis. blue 2. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 78. creeping juniper 26. wild 51.Urginea maritima.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha × gentilis.Marrubium vulgare. catnip 73.Pelargonium odoratissimum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Teucrium canadense.Mentha suaveolens.Mentha spicata. Ruta graveolens. 67.Angelica archangelica. 38. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 1. lemon balm 44. horehound mallow foxglove 16. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Chelidonium majus.Salvia officinalis. 65. orange geranium 11.Pelargonium crispum.Stachys byzantina.Salvia elegans. 79. 33. 12. lemon 35. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Santolina florentina.Pulmonaria officinalis. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Pelargonium tomentosum. feverfew 27.Althaea officinalis. 32.Betula papyrifera.Digitalis purpurea. marsh 42.Achillea tomentosa. rue 29.Monarda didyma. celandine cicely 18.Levisticum officinale.Melissa officinalis. Sempervivum tectorum.Satureja montana.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Thymus herba-barona.Nepeta cataria. rose bergamot valerian 25. Johnny-jump-up54.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

Because of the edging box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the accents of the six large box. Foundation stone. is used for the wall. and the two small trees. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. the same as the smokehouse construction. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. < previous page page_42 next page > . The area devoted to a walkway is generous here.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. making it more a part of the herb garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage.

L. Landscape Architect.A. A.S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .

Dictamnus albus. chive comfrey curly mint 8. balm citrata. European ginger 4. verbena English thyme 5. 'Purpurascens'. 21. lemon basil 15. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. bee balm 29.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Buxus sempervirens. lovage 46. English 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum 30. 40.Mentha × piperita var. species in variety crispum. 31. sweet cicely45. 47.Alchemilla vulgaris. Corsican 33. balsamita. purple basil sativa. winter 42. pineapple mint 18. sweet 26. 27. 1.Ocimum basilicum 32.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Satureja montana.38. lemon 36. Ocimum basilicum 24.Allium giganteum. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. spearmint 48. lemon 34. 44.Pulmonaria officinalis.Angelica archangelica. Symphytum officinale. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . blue angelica lungwort 20.The number in each planting area is the key number. summer 25.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Prunus domestica.Crataegus laevigata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rosemary 3. Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. 22.Aloysia triphylla. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Myrrhis odorata.Fritillaria imperialis.Artemisia frigida.Mentha requienii. Origanum majorana. Lavandula angustifolia. Pelargonium graveolens. lady's.Mentha spicata. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 39.Crocus.Chrysanthemum 28. fraxinella 17. orange mint 19. fringed 43. Asarum europaeum.Lilium candidum.Melissa officinalis. sweet marjoram 2. Satureja hortensis. white 23.Allium schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Levisticum officinale. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Viola tricolor. 35. dwarf edging box 14. 41.Artemisia dracunculus var. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Artemisia abrotanum.Galium odoratum. sweet 37.Ocimum basilicum.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. box 'Citriodorum'.

Lowgrowing. two specimen shrubs. This hedge. Instead. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. The dipping bowl. a soil retainer. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. This is true also of the stone curbing. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. pink of Dianthus. the dwarf box edging. too. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. although it is ample at four feet. < previous page page_44 next page > . Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings.

.L. A.S.A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.

Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Salvia sclarea. 36. arcticus 34.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. winter savory 39. lemon 60. angel's-tears 59. sweet 47.Dicentra spectabilis.Allium christophii.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Borago officinalis. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. prostrate rosemary 18. American 38.Angelica archangelica. sweet 27. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Heliotropium arborescens.Crocus speciosus. 2. Stachys byzantina.Hamamelis virginiana. green santolina 37. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. Thymus doerfleri.Galium odoratum. 40. golden thyme41. 51. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .57. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. marjoram crocus 7.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 17.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. Spanish bluebell 16. 56. clary 32.Thymus × citriodorus. orange mint 8. 61. Thymus praecox subsp. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. borage 31. lily. 58. 53. angustifolia 'Nana'.Thymus praecox subsp.Convallaria majalis.Tulipa clusiana.Galanthus nivalis.Leucojum aestivum.Thymus herba-barona.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Satureja montana.Mentha spicata. 46. verbena snowflake 19. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. catmint 35.Narcissus asturiensis.Ocimum basilicum.Santolina virens.The number in each planting area is the key number. Compactus'. lemon 33. Salvia officinalis. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Teucrium canadense. 50. 54. 26. 49.Nepeta mussinii.Crocus tomasinianus. sweet 55.Mertensia virginica.Aloysia triphylla. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. gray 22.Helleborus lividus subsp. 'Lanuginosus'. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Crocus angustifolius.Tulipa kaufmanniana. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Mentha × piperita. 20. caraway thyme albus. rue25. thyme 29. Santolina chamaecyparissus. white 42.Crocus kotschyanus. spearmint 48. white creeping thyme lovage 10. tulip citrata. Madonna 63.Cimicifuga racemosa.Helleborus niger. 1.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Myrica pensylvanica.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha × piperita var. arcticus 30. black cohosh windflower 15.Pelargonium in variety.Anemone blanda. 44.Digitalis grandiflora. 52. lamb's-ears 28.Levisticum officinale.Narcissus triandrus var.Sternbergia lutea.Pelargonium in variety. 43.Lilium candidum. 45. Origanum majorana.

the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Morning sun warms it early. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. First. The results have been most satisfying. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Second. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind.

wild celery 42. Porrum Group.Allium neapolitanum. Artemisia absinthium 24. 26.Artemisia lactiflora. woolly thyme 3. . Landscape Architect. French tarragon 5. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Salvia sclarea.Tagetes 'Lulu'. lemon 21. English thyme 43.A.Tulipa tarda. sweet basil 23. tulip 45.Artemisia dracunculus var. 25. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Allium ampeloprasum. Origanum heracleoticum. clary thyme 22. garden sage 4. Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum. The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. crocus 44. Thymus praecox subsp.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. 1.Apium graveolens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.L.Crocus sieberi. leek 46. Beauty'. 'Lambrook Silver'. A.Salvia officinalis. absinthe sativa. marigold 41.

dogwood 19. green 40.Artemisia camphorata.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. 8.Asclepias tuberosa. red currant gray santolina 13. weed chive 48.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Allium senescens var. alpine 28. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lobelia siphilitica.Levisticum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum. American elderberry 15. catmint 53.Santolina chamaecyparissus. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Origanum majorana.Achillea filipendula 60. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Crataegus phaenopyrum. monkshood upright yew 17. blue 38. 39. sweet 37. lobelia Sherbert'. pink 30.Ilex opaca.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. Lavandula angustifolia. lovage 34.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. American marjoram Yellow'. 58.Tropaeolum minus.Hyssopus officinalis. fraxinella 36. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Aloysia triphylla.Santolina virens. Viola odorata. 56. bee balm foxglove Choice'. pale 49.Aconitum napellus.Petroselinum crispum var.Dictamnus albus. lamb's-ears 52.Nepeta × faassenii.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Clematis 'Mrs.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Dianthus × allwoodii. great 31. viola holly 18.Ipomoea alba.Ribes sativum.Digitalis grandiflora.Cornus florida.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. 54. yellow 55. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. lemon 50. Robert verbena Brydon'.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. clematis 11.Malus hupehensis. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. butterfly 47. 32.Galium mollugo. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. white evergreen azalea 16. 29.foxglove 7.Stachys byzantina. curly parsley 20.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

repeats again the octagonal form. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. are raised with bricks on edge. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Well-drained as they are. A birdbath of copper. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . an impression of Sol in it. The four herb beds. even though the growing area is not extensive.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Ocimum basilicum. English thyme horehound 2.Pelargonium tomentosum. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Ruta graveolens. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Joan E.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus praecox subsp. dill 18. lemon 41. lamb's-ears 17.Thymus × citriodorus. white creeping thyme 12. catmint 6. purple basil 24.Rosmarinus officinalis. French tarragon 7. curly parsley 32. Stachys byzantina. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 29. 19. lemon 30. orange santolina geranium 11. thyme salad burnet 40. absinthe 20.Marrubium vulgare.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . French 26. silver mound artemisia 8. lavender 15. rue 35. purple variegated garden sage 36. bush basil 23. 43. Anethum graveolens. 42.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. 27. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. rosemary 33. prostrate rosemary 34. Semple. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium graveolens.Petroselinum crispum var.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clove pink 10. sativa.Salvia officinalis. golden variegated garden sage 38. variegated garden sage 37.Lavandula angustifolia. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Mentha spicata.Santolina 25. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium denticulatum.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 39. 28. 16.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium crispum.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. sweet basil 22.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. peppermint 4.Salvia sclarea.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula dentata. heliotrope 31. sweet woodruff 9. angustifolia. Artemisia absinthium. clary 21. 1.Allium tuberosum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Nepeta mussinii. spearmint southernwood 5. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. curly mint 3.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. crispum. Artemisia dracunculus var. Galium odoratum. Artemisia abrotanum.

This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. lemon verbena. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. if neither is available. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. < previous page page_52 next page > . rose geranium.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. too. and lantana are a few. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. a toolhouse. rose. A birdbath may replace the pool. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. A suitable fence. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. green 12. Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum nobile. gray santolina chamomile 14. crispum. zonal geranium 19. 1. rosescented geranium 17. 7.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.L. arcticus 'Albus'. 13.Aloysia triphylla. bush basil 5. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. fern-leaf tansy 8. lavender 3.Rosmarinus officinalis.A.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. woolly thyme 15. The number in each planting area is the key number.Tanacetum vulgare var. A. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. heliotrope 21. Landscape Architect.Artemisia absinthium 11.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. 9.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. lemon thyme 20. absinthe 'Minimum'.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium frutetorum. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.S. white creeping thyme 2. geranium 16.Origanum majorana.Santolina chamaecyparissus. verbena ambrosia 4. lemon 10.Heliotropium arborescens.Chenopodium botrys. zonal geranium 18. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .

At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. the design is clearly traced. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. mints. Box and holly enclose it all. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. Angelica. As the snows melt. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Hyssop hedges define the circles. apothecary's rose. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. but the design itself has endured forty years. a sundial. artemisias. The dwarf box frames the focal point. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. These can easily obliterate a design. box. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. a deep mauve to others. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

sweet woodruff45. Origanum majorana. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. white creeping thyme French'.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. clove pink 29. bronze 64. 56.Asclepias tuberosa. southernwood 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. 67.Syringa. Chamaemelum nobile. weld 54. white 66. 58. perilla 51. lamb's-ears 33.Artemisia camphorata.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. bush basil nettle orpine 4. Rosmarinus officinalis. yew Beauty'.Vitis.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Helleborus orientalis.Lavandula dentata.James D.Melissa officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Perillafrutescens. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. wild 52.Sempervivum tectorum. marjoram lungwort crispum. Pelargonium in variety. nasturtium 28.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Lavandula angustifolia. fern-leaf tansy 5. dyer's woad 9. florentina. absinthe 34. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Asarum europaeum.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. blue 50. 1. 62.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Artemisia absinthium.Sedum telephium. orris 57.Thymus praecox subsp.Stachys byzantina. white dead 49.Isatis tinctoria.47.Galium odoratum. 65. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. butterfly weed35.Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop 42. 55. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Alchemilla alpina. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet 27.Helleborus niger.30.Origanum onites.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 39.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. daffodil 17.Teucrium chamaedrys. alpine 60.Valeriana officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. Dianthus caryophyllus. winter savory 32. germander 43. sweet European ginger cicely 3. valerian 6. Tropaeolum majus. scented. masterwort 69.Lamium album. lilac 70.Lilium candidum. arcticus 40. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Taxus.Armeria maritima. grape fennel 19.Paeonia officinalis.Iris × germanica var. 59. arcticus 38.Reseda luteola.Symphytum officinale.Monarda fistulosa. 48. skirret 53. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Astrantia major. rue 23. feverfew 14. Santolina virens. chamomile 31.Buxus sempervirens.Foeniculum vulgare. Graham.Alchemilla vulgaris. green. 26.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Allium schoenoprasum. lady's-mantle 46.Sium sisarum. Canadian burnet 13. crimson creeping thyme 18.Hyssopus officinalis. green santolina 24. Satureja montana. piney 44. thrift 41. garden sage Christmas rose 10. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Santolina neapolitana 36.Tanacetum vulgare var.63.Arisaema dracontium.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. 'Albus'. rosemary 25.Pyrus communis. gray 37.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box 21. orris box 22.

" and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. pink.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. At the top of the steps. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. < previous page page_56 next page > . on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. rising from the courtyard. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. include this one. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. The brick edging around each bed is a help. The large. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. with buds of red. If there is room for only one rambler rose. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. They are small specialty beds. Rosa 'Albertine'. In addition to the brick edging around each. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. However.

Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Satureja montana. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. 22. winter savory 41. Carum carvi.Tanacetum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden sage 40.Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. bush basil 43. 23. foxglove 39. lavender 4. subsp. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. angelica 20. Angelica archangelica. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. rhubarb 2.Borago officinalis. English thyme . alpine strawberry 3.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. tansy Bois'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rheum rhabarbarum. Lavandula angustifolia. caraway 24. lemon balm 42.

garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.R. 29. Pelargonium graveolens. pineapple34. silver 27. thyme frutescens. centifolia var. pot 50.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R.Pelargonium. 36.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. 31.R. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. var. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. Irish-lace 48. marguerite chive 9.Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. curly parsley 26.Marrubium vulgare. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. 35.Lavandula dentata. prostrate rosemary 16.Chenopodium 55.Laurus nobilis. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. 54. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Anethum graveolens 47. blue hyssop 25.Petroselinum crispum var.Tagetes filifolia. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. musk rose 12. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.R.Salvia elegans. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Calendula officinalis. centifolia 'Cristata'. bourbon rose 10. French 33. citrata. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. lemon 51.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.R. rose 28. salad 7.Mentha × piperita var.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Dianthus Victoria'.R. Thymus 'Argenteus'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Artemisia dracunculus 44. sweet 37.'Albertine'. Hyssopus officinalis. cheddar pink 53. Mexican tea 18. 56. Consolida ambigua. 49.Chrysanthemum. muscosa 15.R.Origanum majorana. 45.Allium schoenoprasum.'Baronne Prevost'.sativa. French'. clove pink Mammoth'. geranium in 30.Aloysia triphylla.R.Chrysanthemum 46.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. centifolia.6.

Laid in an unusual pattern. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too. Balance is augmented. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. < previous page page_58 next page > . Beautifully precise and symmetrical.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. as it should be. It is near the house. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

S. 23. Rosmarinus officinalis. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Myosotis sylvatica. 21. white creeping thyme 4. Landscape Architect.Origanum majorana.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. double white peony 5. rosemary yellow viola 10.Santolina chamaecyparissus. English'.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf edging box 8. 1. 20.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. blue hyssop 13.L.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Allium schoenoprasum.Satureja hortensis.Heliotropium arborescens. arcticus 'Albus'.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia officinalis. santolina moss rose 7.Anethum graveolens. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . English thyme signet marigold 11.Santolina virens. gray 15. A. heliotrope 3. green 22.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil 14. angustifolia 'Munstead'.A. chive lemon verbena 6. The number in each planting area is the key number. dill 9.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. 24. 19. 16. lavender 2.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. 17.Hyssopus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.

This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. Herbs. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and the grape arbor. < previous page page_60 next page > . This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. winter pruned. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. potted lemon verbena. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. too. The grape vines. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. the fence with roses. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and a comfortable. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

lovage Myrrhis odorata. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Iris cristata. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris.Amsonia tabernaemontana. BED II germander BED IV 2. 3. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon Linum perenne. conical yew rosemary 1. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Althaea officinalis. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale.Connecticut Vera Breed. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Galium odoratum. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Nepeta mussinii. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Stachys byzantina. marsh climbing rose. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . lamb's-ears Santolina virens. sweet climbing rose. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Aloysia triphylla. Teucrium chamaedrys. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. three. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Valeriana officinalis. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. purple variegated garden sage 4. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis.

creeping thyme in variety 8. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Sempervivum. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. lavender 10. lemon Anemone hybrida. Chamaemelum nobile. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. fairy rose Giant'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus. Thymus × citriodorus. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. plume Baptisia australis. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Delphinium × belladonna. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. tuberosa 6. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. houseleek in variety 7. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Rosmarinus officinalis. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. beach Marrubium vulgare. lemon thyme 9. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. catmint 5.

< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. tend to broaden the width of the garden. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Herbs. magnolia. Either it flourished too well. and bright green in the herb beds. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. blue green. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. holly. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. this was replaced with ''edging" box. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . if desired. Ivy. its detail is shown below. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. myrtle. Another angle could be tried with these. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. planted in bands across these beds. silver. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Later. grew too large.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Artemisia abrotanum. English'. salad 43.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana. 'Minimum'.Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Tanacetum vulgare. Stachys byzantina. French thyme 39.Thymus herba-barona.Ilex opaca.Buxus sempervirens 14. lovage 48. Ruta graveolens. bush basil albula. purple basil savory 35.Laurus nobilis. borage 26. 33.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Mentha suaveolens.Mentha spicata. dwarf edging box 11. Ocimum basilicum 24. bay rosemary 12. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. box chamaecyparissus. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. winter 'Purpurascens'. tansy 45. spearmint 42. myrtle 47. dwarf 21. Tropaeolum minus. Borago officinalis. horehound germander 17. thyme 37. woolly thyme 8.Teucrium chamaedrys.Monarda didyma.Hedera helix.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Thymus doerfleri. bayberry balm thyme 13. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. sweet woodruff 36.Thymus praecox subsp.Vinca minor.Thymus praecox subsp. 25. caraway thyme 40. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus × citriodorus.Magnolia grandiflora.Pelargonium fragrans.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. white creeping thyme 41.Rumex scutatus. silver-king artemisia 23. gray santolina 15. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. ears rose geranium 3. thyme 38. lemon 29. sweet 34.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lamb's. 44.Pelargonium graveolens.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 49.Chamaemelum nobile. Ocimum basilicum 22.Satureja montana. purple garden sage 7. 1.Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium × nervosum. English thyme chamomile 2.19. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. lime geranium 4.Marrubium vulgare. 6. bee balm30. 28.Galium odoratum. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. American holly 31. lemon 46. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Lavandula angustifolia.Myrica pensylvanica.Thymus carnosus. French 27. rue 20. English ivy burnet 10.

as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. accent this prime focal point even more. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. It is a large garden. too. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. There is variety in the walks. brick. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. and treessome of which are espaliered. The use of flagstone. It is located for the best viewing. < previous page page_64 next page > . Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. adding to the space for walking. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. potted shrubs. maypoles. The four potted bay. too. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. Laurus nobilis. standards.

odoratissimum.P. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Thymus × citriodorus. apple English thyme up geranium 3.P. fragrans. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.50.quercifolium.Chrysanthemum balsamita. wild 28.P. Johnny-jump. lemon 29.Nigella damascena.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis. 26.53.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. winter 27. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.acerifolium.Viola tricolor. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . Satureja montana. 51. 1.P.Chenopodium botrys. pot 52. 49. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.P. love-in. musty oakscented geranium 5. 25.

Fragaria vesca. golden lemon thyme 7.P. radens 'Dr.Poterium sanguisorba. tomentosum.Myrtus communis. 64.P. crispum 'Minor'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Origanum dictamnus. fern-leaf 60. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Foeniculum vulgare. dill 36. 58.Levisticum officinale. parsley 35. 71.P.P.Mentha. bee balm 63.P.Acorus calamus.72.× nervosum.P. chamomile 8. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. Hyssopus officinalis.6.Malus angustifolia.Poncirus trifoliata. box 19.Viola odorata. denticulatum 11. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.P. salad 42.Pelargonium crispum. 57.Petroselinum crispum. bronze 38. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. graveolens. lemon-rose geranium 22. 44. cherry tomato chive 17. lemon geranium 33.Allium senescens var.Forsythia.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus praecox subsp. forsythia 'Albus'. 61.Mentha pulegium. blue hyssop 10. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . horehound 46.P. lettuce 40. strawberry 48. French tarragon Rose'.Achilleafilipendula.Lavandula angustifolia. radens.Salvia caerulea.P. lemon balm 45. rose geranium66. pheasant's. pine crispum.P. Chamaemelum nobile.P. English lavender 32.Monarda didyma. classic 21.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Melissa officinalis.Livingston'.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. rosemary 9. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. bay 20.Artemisia abrotanum.P. arcticus43. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. orange geranium 23.Anethum graveolens.Origanum majorana. wild thyme 31. lemon geranium 56.Thymus serpyllum.Allium schoenoprasum. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. sweet flag 16.Tanacetum vulgare var. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. garden sage 54. crowfoot 70. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. 41. lemon southernwood geranium 34. camphor-scented geranium 69. lettuce 39. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. denticulatum. 62. glutinosum. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. crispum.P.Laurus nobilis. white sweet yarrow violet 13. peppermint 67.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. lemon 47.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. sweet 37.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. lemon 65.Marrubium vulgare. lime geranium 55. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Malus. Rosmarinus officinalis.

< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. too. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. < previous page page_66 next page > . Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. and Allium karataviense. This is a large garden by any standard. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. green santolina. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. In keeping with this feeling.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

blue hyssop 16.Liriope muscari.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia officinalis.Satureja montana. garden sage 18.Foeniculum vulgare. winter savory 9. big blue lilyturf 12. dwarf garden 17. French tarragon schoenoprasum. arcticus.Artemisia frigida. apple mint 13. fringed 7. 1. 15. Santolina virens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Baker.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 11.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Allium christophii. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . 8. green santolina 14. gray 10.Florence B.Allium moly. wormwood fennel 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Mentha suaveolens. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium sativa. chive 4.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

the circle. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. and the front porch of the house. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the upper deck. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. Many herb gardens could provide this. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. for the box after new spring growth. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the square. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. < previous page page_70 next page > .

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

dwarf myrtle 6. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cedrus deodara. lemon 8.Chamaemelum nobile. Italian cypress 9.The number in each planting area is the key number. viola 3.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Satureja montana. lavender 5. dwarf edging box 7.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. chamomile 2.Cupressus sempervirens.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. winter savory 4. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .

Coin with Tudor rose design.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Paths are gravel. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Roses.. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. as it was with this plan. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. from Peter Coats.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

English daisy 36. Foeniculum vulgare. rue 33.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha × piperita.Lactuca sativa.Mentha spicata. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.The number in each planting area is the key number.Iris pseudacorus. Dianthus caryophyllus.Satureja montana. fennel 21.Anemone pulsatilla. chamomile 4. lemon balm 31. Origanum majorana. classic myrtle 18. saffron lily crocus 12. 22.Ruta graveolens. mallow 13.Carum carvi. pot marigold 15.Buxus sempervirens. Malva sylvestris. Madonna 23.Viola tricolor. English pasqueflower primrose 14. rosemary 16. 19.Primula elatior. oxlip 17.Primula vulgaris. 25.Lilium candidum. absinthe peppermint 8.Crocus sativus. spearmint 30. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. winter 32. sweet marjoram 3. yellow flag 26. 34. salad burnet 10.Fragaria vesca.Petroselinum crispum. monkshood27. Chamaemelum nobile. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. wild thyme 5. 1. Hyssopus officinalis. parsley 29. blue hyssop 2. lettuce 28.Fumaria officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Viola odorata. earth 24. clove20. caraway 35.Aconitum napellus. sweet violet 6. Thymus serpyllum.Myrtus communis.Bellis perennis.Crithmum maritimum. Eryngium maritimum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Calendula officinalis.

In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. along with a measure of fragrance. most of the blooms are nightscented. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound. white. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. its tufted. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. white blooms and woolly. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination." Concrete blocks. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. However. plumed. spurred. Selected for this reason. but Always Love. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > .

Lilium candidum. lamb's. 'Albus'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. Stachys byzantina. white 32. silver 16. white .Marrubiam vulgare. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. 1.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. horehound 2. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. 17.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pink 15. sweet 31.Dictamnus albus. petunia 30. silver mound artemisia 3. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Galanthus nivalis. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Galium odoratum. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.19.

Hesperis matronalis. tulip 37.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Artemisia lactiflora.Matthiola incana. western mugwort 7. albula. lavender 12.Ipomoea alba. white stock absinthe 10. rose 40. lily-ofthe-valley 11. white 27. 25. Viola odorata.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Salvia sclarea.Rosa 'Cinderella'. rose 41. daffodil 35. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Convallaria majalis.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Iris × germanica var.6.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Chrysanthemum parthenium. white 22.Lunaria annua.Malus 'Guiding Star'.21. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. tuberose 36.Polianthes tuberosa. 26. clary 24. sweet violet 20. Yucca filamentosa. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. needle florentina. Adam's. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. moonflower 39.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Artemisia stellerana.Artemisia ludoviciana.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. 28. 23. tulip 38. dame's honesty rocket 14. orris 8. Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia ludoviciana var.

simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. related to an old mill reconstruction. Many of these herbs lack the hues. too. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. required their use as an educational adjunct. textures. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Rather. < previous page page_76 next page > .< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer.

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Dipsacus sativus.Phytolacca americana.Polygonum hydropiperoides. 22. 29. 34. black-eyed 50.Monarda didyma. yellow 55. flax 21. sisal 27.Hydrastis canadensis. 23. Linum usitatissimum. blueberry 13.Cotinus coggygria. 35. 28. Agave sisalana. 39. 48. 37.Convallaria majalis. 1.Genista tinctoria.Pteridium aquilinum. goldthread 41. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Chelidonium majus. garden 56. Scotch broom hemp 7. 43.Tagetes patula. peach bracken sorrel 19. sweet 49.Rumex acetosa.Berberis vulgaris.Hypericum perforatum. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 53.Indigofera tinctoria. woad Susan laevifolium.Cytisus scoparius. saffron crocus marguerite 3. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. stinging nettle44.Prunus persica. privet marigold 15.Urtica dioica.Crocus sativus.Morus rubra or alba. onion China jute 4. 20. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .38.Rumex obtusifolius.Coptis trifolia.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. dyer's broom safflower 6.Filipendula ulmaria. African 45. alkanet 52. 47. 32.Allium cepa.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Parmelia conspersa.Furcraea hexapetala. Boehmeria nivea. dyer's 31. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. weld 57.Galium verum.46.Reseda luteola. henequen marigold bearberry 8. fuller's 30. St.Cladrastis lutea. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Carthamus tinctorius.Agrimonia eupatoria. Gossypium hirsutum. golden 40.Rhus typhina.Viburnum acerifolium. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Galium odoratum. queen.Mahonia aquifolium.Sanguinaria canadensis.Rudbeckia hirta.51.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rubia tinctorum.Solidago species.Coreopsis tinctoria.. 26. lily. broad 42.Tagetes erecta. Hibiscus cannabinus. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Anchusa officinalis.Ligustrum vulgare. Manila 25. French 33. Abutilon theophrasti. Agave fourcroydes.Isatis tinctoria.Genista germanica. Sansevieria trifasciata. bee 36.Anthemis tinctoria. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. Musa textilis. madder 54. sumac poke 17. ramie 24.

is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Elsewhere. as well as the roses. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. A totally appealing edging. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. < previous page page_78 next page > . It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. rambler 19. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Marie Pavic' 8. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 24. 'American Pillar'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. rambler 20. cl. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Legras de St. 22. 25. 'White Rose of York' 3. cl. cl. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Sombreuil'. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Empress Josephine' 7. cl. 23. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 18. cl. 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 1. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme.

There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. Circles and angles provide interest. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. The notch of four square feet.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

annuum 'Variegata'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. annuum 'Mosaic'. Petroselinum crispum var. graveolens var. annuum 'Red Boy'.Cichorium intybus.A. annuum 'Fips'. 29. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.B. C. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. lycopersicum var. graveolens var. ruby swiss chard var.B. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. 39. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.Solanum melongena var. celery Bed 9.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.B. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. 22.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.C. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. giant garlic var. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.A. tuberosum.A. crispum 'Banquet'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.B. white-flowered kale 49. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. curly eggplant parsley 23.A. red 38. oleracea 'Prima'.A. annuum 'Teno'. celery I 31. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.C. Capsicum annuum var.S. oleracea 'Green Parade'.Apium graveolens var. 24. cepa Proliferum Group. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.A. C. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. melongena 2. celery Group.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. annuum 'Golden Bell'.B. 26. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. dulce 'Utah 5270'.S. 25. shallot Lakes'.B.L.L.A. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.B.B. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.sativa 'Ruby'.B.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. graveolens var. Boerner.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. C. 48. 30. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. garlic chive 44. leek 5. C. eggplant 43. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.A. annuum 'Pinocchio'. scorodoprasum. Beauty'.C. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. annuum 'Nosegay'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . pear Purple Vienna'. chive 42.B.B. oleracea 'Red Acre'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.A. sprouts celery 8. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. 32. melongena 1. graveolens 'French Dinant'. annuum 'Black Prince'. C. dulce 50. C.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.C.esculentum 'Long Black'. schoenoprasum.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. 40. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. dulce 47. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. 27.C. red-flowered kale 6. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. 45. kohlrabi Rock'. 28. C.C. red 37. cherry tomato 34.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.

The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. winter savory. When viewed from the terrace above. arcs. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. and golden thyme. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . for each is a complete entity. All of the circles.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

crispum. 15. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. Satureja montana.S.P.A. grossularioides. tomentosum. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. A. 19. rose-scented geranium 4.P. crispum 'French Lace.P. 17.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.P.Melissa R.P. odoratissimum. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. Marshall. inkberry geranium 9. orange geranium 8. green 14.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. lime geranium Rose'. apple gray santolina geranium 3.Myrica pensylvanica. Livingston'. 29. golden 11.P.P.P.P.× nervosum. × domesticum 6. maple-leaved 18. Assoc. graveolens. scabrum. Landscape Architect. pungent-scented geranium 25. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.' lemon geranium 23. gooseberry geranium 24.P. Santolina virens.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 12. radens 'Dr.P. Teucrium chamaedrys.Ilex glabra. 1. lemon geranium 22. P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . P. rose geranium 27. apricot geranium28. acerifolium. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P. germander crowfoot geranium 21. oak-leaved geranium 16. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.. winter 13.L. peppermint 26.P.P. P. The number in each planting area is the key number. × nervosum 'Torento'.

Its interspaces can be mulched. and growth to the plants of the knot design. For the knot to look its best at all times. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. which is framed with a brick edging.Santolina virens. To ease the care for a more complicated design. was planted using edging box only. texture. or marble chips. sand. filled with plants that have contrasting color. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. on page 37. 1.Hyssopus officinalis. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. For ease of maintenance this same knot design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. Maintenance is high for a knot. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. blue hyssop 3. closed knot design. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. especially when it is blooming. . English lavender 2. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. such as a dwarf edging box. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel.Lavandula angustifolia.

dwarf edging box 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp. green santolina 2. 1.Santolina virens.

germander crimson creeping thyme 3. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. 1. praecox subsp. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Some maintenance is required for clipping. arcticus 'Albus'. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. variegated garden sage . the height of the edging. In another departure from the usual. The knot material is maintained at six inches. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.T.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. creeping thymes.Thymus praecox subsp. fig 4. caraway thyme 9.officinalis 'Tricolor'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.T. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. which is found more often out in the open. lavender Japanese barberry 5. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. white 7. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. purple variegated 11. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. herba-barona.S. 8. Rosmarinus officinalis. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. 'Munstead'. Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. which are confined to that area.

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lavender . American germander 3.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium canadense. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. gray santolina 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.

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Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. germander . Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.

2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.

for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. < previous page page_88 next page > . a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. again laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. adding another facet to an appealing design. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. which are also laid on edge. pleasing color. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. each one a quarter-circle. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

golden marguerite 25. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Leontopodium alpinum. tree germander 22.Anthemis marschalliana.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Marrubium incanum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver sage 15.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Stachys byzantina. dwarf gray santolina 20. French lavender 3. rue 21.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. glaucum 11.Crithmum maritimum. 16. silver thyme 6. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf 12. samphire14. silver horehound 19.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. candicans.Santolina neapolitana 10. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. woolly yarrow 23. tree artemisia 26.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Allium senescens var.Artemisia arborescens. 1.Salvia argentea. lavender 9. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Teucrium fruticans. Russian sage 24.Anthemis tinctoria.Dianthus × caryophyllus. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia clevelandii. blue sage 13.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. 18.Artemisia frigida. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Lavandula dentata var.Helichrysum angustifolium. lavender 5. 17. curry plant 7. lavender 8.

Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Styles of containers. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. lady's-mantle. thyme. sweet marjoram. are without number. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. basil. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. The color of the container plays a lesser role. If one is familiar with herbs. and the savories. Some are rosemary. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. oregano. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. As with other plant material. which include hanging baskets. < previous page page_90 next page > . A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs.

the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden. < previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance.

< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

However.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. If children's interest is not sustained. Of course supervision is necessary. < previous page page_95 next page > . Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. LandscapeArchitect. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L.A.S. A. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.

woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Just keep a garden design for children simple. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Instead of benches on the patio." selected for their greater fragrance. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. A sundial can be fun and also educational. they are easily handpicked. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. < previous page page_96 next page > . using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. too. Children in this age group can help with the construction. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. These are ''old roses. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses.

A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Landscape Architect. .L. A.S.

dill pennyroyal 11. alpine strawberry 3.Allium tuberosum. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 13. Dianthus plumarius.Anethum graveolens. English lavender 4.Lavandula angustifolia.Salvia officinalis. Nigella damascena.The number in each planting area is the key number. ophioscorodon. 20.Isatis tinctoria. Italian parsley 23.Nepeta cataria. catnip 27. garden sage 24. horehound 26. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Borago officinalis. lily leek 30. Petroselinum crispum var. Levisticum officinale. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. dwarf 6.Allium senescens var.Rosa damascena.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia abrotanum.Marrubium vulgare. neapolitanum. 19. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . love-in-a-mist 14. American 21.Satureja hortensis. garlic chive 29. 16. southernwood 5.Artemisia camphorata.Allium moly. glaucum 31. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tropaeolum minus.Rosa gallica. pot marigold 8. lovage 12.Calendula officinalis. 1.Allium sativum var.rocambole 28. summer savory 22. borage 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. clary 25. cottage pink 18. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. ambrosia 2. English lavender 7.Salvia sclarea. damask rose 32.Chenopodium botrys. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Origanum majorana.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. crispum.Hedeoma pulegioides.

A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. All are inviting to the touch. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The sculptures. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The oval. previously used as a skating rink.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. are a seal and a turtle. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. not noted on the plan. < previous page page_98 next page > . from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures.

R.A. . Landscape Architect.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F.

sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. coltsfoot Mimulus. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. bee balm Satureja montana. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. Trifolium pratense. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera.Hedeoma pulegioides. fleabane Stellaria. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. Foeniculum vulgare. borage Tanacetum vulgare. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. mint Galium odoratum. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. cowslip Linaria. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. tansy Monarda didyma. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. duckweed Antennaria. winter savory Mentha. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. chamomile Mentha. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. English Tussilago farfara. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. Nepeta cataria. bee orchid Erigeron. dog violet Lemna. fat-hen Primula veris. mint Tagetes. Greek Stachys byzantina. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . Allium schoenoprasum. chive dandelion Allium sativum. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi.

a mint. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. are superb for displaying potted herbs. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. feverfew. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. < previous page page_101 next page > . An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. an exceedingly long one. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. it is a most satisfying growing situation. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. its wooden structure long gone. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Instead. Still. Its plant list. Here. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. and old barn beams another about the same height. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. developed particularly for study. A number of wooden window frames. Their height eases the task of weeding. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. for an old barn foundation of stone. An herb garden exposure is important in any location.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

angelica lemon geranium 5. thyme 102.T 'Argenteus'.Euphorbia cyparissias.Thymus praecox subsp. Roman 46. 1.Aloysia triphylla. Grecian 59. camphorata.O.Hyssopus officinalis. graveolens.-John'swort 91. arcticus 'Albus'.Calamintha grandiflora. calamint valerian 24. pink 58. wild lemon basil ginger 16.A. rose sativa.Marrubium vulgare. betony 92. caraway thyme 103.Stachys grandifora 93. richardii subsp. basilicum 56. praecox subsp.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Pelargonium crispum.Lychnis coronaria.49. 60.O. officinalis 'Aurea'. 45. skirret 90.Ocimum basilicum.A.Echium vulgare.T. alpine savory 89. nitidus. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. bee balm57.Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon thyme 100. lemon 52. pontica.S.Agastache cana.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. southernwood houseleek 12.T. southernwood ground cherry 10.T.Valeriana officinalis. viper's 65. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Salvia officinalis. 'Clear Gold'. creeping veronica .Artemisia dracunculus var.T.O.Asarum canadense.Monarda didyma. absinthium.Achillea millefolium. majorana. sweet 41. apple wormwood geranium 8.A. officinalis 'Tricolor'. sweet celandine marjoram 28. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Campanula rapunculus. French tarragon geranium 7.Ruta graveolens. tomentosum. odoratissimum.Stachys officinalis. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Campanula persicifolia.O. 50.Plantago major. St.T.T.T. pallasianus.P. garden sage 84.Ranunculus ficaria. bee balm lovage 20. yarrow herb Robert 4. catmint 63. plantain 80. basil blue hyssop 15. 'Purpurascens'.Chelidonium majus. 54.Nepeta mussinii. rue 83.A. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Digitalis purpurea.Sium sisarum.Alchemilla vulgaris. × citriodorus. praecox subsp.Hypericum perforatum.Sempervivum tectorum.O.Melissa officinalis. didyma 'Rosea'. foxglove 2.Veronica serpyllifolia.P. golden marjoram 26.P.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis.Acinos alpinus. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crimson creeping thyme 96.Viola odorata. sweet violet 40.Rubia tinctorum. foxglove cypress spurge 21. 42. onites. sweet 53. 61. stellerana.Chrysanthemum balsamita. basilicum 'Minimum'. variegated garden sage 87.Satureja montana. odorous thyme 104.Galium odoratum. 43.Tanacetum vulgare var. camphor.Physalis heterophylla. 64. pot marjoram bugloss 27. silver thyme 105.Althaea officinalis.Viola tricolor. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. golden lemon thyme 99. rampion 81.Lavandula angustifolia. 66.Myrrhis odorata. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. white creeping thyme 97. sweet cicely 94.Digitalis lanata. rosemary 82. rose costmary campion 23. absinthe 51. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. abrotanum. fern-leaf tansy 95.S.A. 48. wormwood germander 9.A. crispum.Calendula officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.Agastache foeniculum. golden thyme 98.Pulmonaria officinalis. purple basil English lavender 18. woolly thyme 101. 55. balm horehound 14. herba-barona. mosquito plant 19.S. beach 47.M. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. winter savory 88. celandine madder 79. marsh mallow 13.Genista tinctoria. pot marigold 25. 62. purple variegated garden sage 85.Angelica archangelica.T. lemon verbena 106.Geranium robertianum. lesser 67. 44. arcticus 'Coccineus'. golden variegated garden sage 86.

Sorbaria sorbifolia.Helichrysum angustifolium. garlic 111. cowslip 72. spicata.A.Yucca filamentosa.Veronica officinalis. 73. feverfew cinerariifolium. veronica 108.Primula veris. 76.cepa. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Mentha suaveolens. blattaria. evening 77. pin cherry 39. pineapple mint 31. orange mint 32.Lysimachia vulgaris. oxeye daisy mullein 36. yucca 109. Madonna lily leucanthemum. citrata. × piperita var. orach115.Anthriscus cerefolium. × gentilis. red mint comfrey 33.Chrysanthemum 78.Symphytum officinale.Laurus nobilis.Atriplex hortensis. 114.M. 71.Cichorium intybus. dyer's woad 110.Chrysanthemum 74.Myrtus communis.Lilium candidum. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Dianthus plumarius 75.A. apple mint 69.Origanum dictamnus.M. tree onion 112.V.Prunus pensylvanica.M.Origanum vulgare. wild 116.Chamaemelum nobile. spearmint 107. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .29.Oenothera biennis. chervil 68.M. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. moth 113.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Proliferum Group. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. curry plant mullein 35. chicory 70.Allium sativum.Isatis tinctoria.Verbascum thapsus. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. chamomile 30. ostrowskianum 34.

and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. A statue of St. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. but not obvious. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. its outline constructed of brick. of good proportion for the size of the opening. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. Francis.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. A wheelshaped bed. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. < previous page page_104 next page > .

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

potato Brassica eruca. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . California poppy Oxalis crassipes. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. only those not found on other lists are noted here. AREA VI japonica. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. Vetiveria zizanioides. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. loquat Cichorium intybus. Eleocharis dulcis. white Justicia carnea. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. lion's-ear prismaticum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. AREA IV Ixia maculata. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. poet's Solidago californica. Eriobotrya japonica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. menthifolia. Cestrum nocturnum. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. cat Watsonia rosea. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. labdanum Cistus crispus. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin.

Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. or potpourri. < previous page page_106 next page > . not only for hardiness where needed. emphasizes the circle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. is a center of interest. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. One is a garden of legends. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. an "old rose" and fragrant. The exterior brick path. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. scented-leaf geraniums. and a third a culinary garden. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. but also for proper leaf size. another a Mary garden. to name a few.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Chrysanthemum balsamita.Rosmarinus officinalis. hyssop rose 9. chive bedstraw 16.Lamium album. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. sweet 21. angelica 2. 1.Mentha spicata. English thyme 13. chamomile 3. pyrethrum 5. absinthe 4.19. Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. English ivy rosemary 8.Allium schoenoprasum.Alchemilla vulgaris. blue 18.20. Artemisia absinthium. dill 11. rue 28. Anethum graveolens. white dead 24. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Linum usitatissimum.Galium verum.Crocus sativus. spearmint 22. Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. flax 17. black 23. Johnny-jump.Ruta graveolens. pot 26. costmary 6.Narcissus mustard 14. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Origanum majorana.Calendula officinalis.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Brassica nigra. Viola tricolor. Angelica archangelica.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. yellow 25. lady's. sweet marjoram basil 12.Hedera helix. saffron crocus marigold 7. garden up sage 10. 27.The number in each planting area is the key number.

This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. < previous page page_108 next page > .

perennial flax Galium odoratum. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. Cotinus coggygria. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet Myrtus communis. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. Myrrhis odorata. Russian 'Prostratus'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. rue Malva alcea var. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Artemisia absinthium. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. peppermint Laurus nobilis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. thyme Cnicus benedictus. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. bay Echeveria × imbricata. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. blue Lamium maculatum. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. fastigiata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. lemon balm Mentha spicata. clove Marrubium vulgare. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. beach Monarda didyma.

features a closed knot of superior design. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. This is a general rule observed.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. simply on a smaller scale. Appropriately used as accents. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. < previous page page_110 next page > . where paths enter an area or take a different direction. The generous use of edgings. too. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. and huge. millstones. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. Viewed from the terrace garden. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden.

Dianthus gratianopolitanus. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Hyssopus officinalis. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. cheddar pink 4. Routine clipping is required. and the mulch. of greater size than is commonly found.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The number in each planting area is the key number. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. lavender 5. A. green santolina 6.Santolina virens. gray santolina 7.S. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. six feet in diameter. Design plan of herb garden 1. 'Tiny Rubies'. blue hyssop 3.L. Landscape Architect. germander 2. angustifolia 'Munstead'. that of good proportion. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.A. dwarf box .

plum Prunus maritima. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. shadbush Salix caprea. quince Magnolia virginiana. goat willow Sassafras albidum. black haw Prunus americana. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. honey locust Cornus florida. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. dogwood Pinus nigra. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. beach plum Corylus avellana. box Myrica pensylvanica. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. japonica. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. box Calycanthus fioridus. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis.

arcticus T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. leucotrichus T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. However. its plant material varied.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Doone Valley' . the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. Currently. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. As a rule. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. doerfleri T. Salvia. caraway thyme T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Argenteus'. Lavandula. silver thyme T. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. herba-barona. praecox subsp. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Annie Hall' T. Rosmarinus. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. and a miscellany of others. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar.

tree germander Boehmaria nivea. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia subsp. dentata. 'Clear Gold'. angustifolia subsp. golden rosemary R. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. praecox subsp. golden thyme T. pine-scented rosemary R. arcticus 'Coccineus'. ramie . angustifolia 'Rosea' L. autumn sage S. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Prostratus'. angustifolia subsp. English lavender L. purple variegated garden sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. officinalis 'Aurea'. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. sweet lavender L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. greggii. guaranitica. praecox subsp. angustifolia. woolly thyme T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. vulgaris 'Albus' T. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. involucrata. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. leucantha. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L.T. anise sage S. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. blue sage S. angustissimus. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. angustifolia subsp. heterophylla. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L.

balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. culinary. which were located between the water supply. constructed of brick made on the property. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Herniaria glabra. Circumstances determined these priorities. obedient plant. Cheloneglabra. family needsmedicinal. a well beside the house. L. to sweeten the air. Sium sisarum. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. balmony. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Smith. The house. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. rupturewort. for scrubbing pots. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. used in salads or boiled. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. to lure bees. horsetail. Equisetum arvense. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Primarily. Hesperis matronalis. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. The apple trees. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Physostegia virginiana. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Prunella vulgaris.

were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. < previous page page_116 next page > . The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. while functional. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. too. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. too. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. Today. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. for a few are in use now. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

1. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Pinus taeda. Banksia rose 14.Wisteria frutescens.Lonicera sempervirens. pomegranate 3. 16. trumpet 11.Lagerstroemia indica.Allium sativum.Ficus carica.Lonicera flava. Gardenia jasminoides. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . 15. garlic 9. fig 6.Sambucus canadensis. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Punica granatum. rosemary 2.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow 12.Prunus angustifolia. bay 7. wisteria 13. southern laciniata.Laurus nobilis.Rosa banksiae. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Syringa × persica var. Cape jasmine 10.Malus angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis.

< previous page page_118 next page > . The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. The effect would be quite different without them. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. Italy. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. too. Appropriately. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

sweet shrub 10. 42. bee balm 28.Dianthus caryophyllus. peppermint 52. 54. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. hyssop sassafras 20. sweet flag marigold 24. clove 36.Symphytum officinale. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Mentha × piperita. pot 48. saffron crocus 25. lemon 26.Crocus sativus. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. foxglove 41.Cornus florida. rue 56.Monarda punctata. dogwood horehound 18. 1. 68. great 47.Rubus allegheniensis.Artemisia abrotanum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Levisticum officinale.Pulmonaria officinalis.Verbascum thapsus.Digitalis purpurea.Rosa laevigata. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea millefolium. 37. senna woodruff 15. peony 51.Populus balsamifera.Mentha pulegium. spearmint 62.Lobelia siphilitica.Rosmarinus officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Mentha spicata.Cassia marilandica. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Ruta graveolens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. box chamomile 9.Buxus sempervirens.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Hyssopus officinalis.Chimaphila umbellata.Agrimonia eupatoria.Hypericum perforatum.Artemisia dracunculus var.57. balm autumn crocus 2.Sassafras albidum. yarrow lungwort 22.Asarum virginicum.Dipsacus sativus. trumpet honeysuckle 4. agrimony 58. sweet 27. mullein 49. sweet 64. tansy 65.Acorus calamus.Asclepias tuberosa. lovage 35.Ocimum basilicum. 43. 50.Calycanthus fioridus. 63.Galium odoratum.Hamamelis virginiana.Monarda didyma. catnip 34. 66.Colchicum autumnale.Cimicifuga racemosa. 45. bay lavender wintergreen 21. yellow-root 7.Borago officinalis. St. basil chive 3.Nepeta cataria.Calendula officinalis.Elizabeth Lawrence.Lavandula angustifolia. 38. 61. sativa. myrtle 53.Vinca minor. 30.Pinckneya pubens. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Punica granatum.Eupatorium perfoliatum. horsemint lobelia 23.Foeniculum vulgare.Laurus nobilis.Anethum graveolens.Chamaemelum nobile. fennel 40.Armoracia rusticana. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Salvia officinalis.Gaultheria procumbens. 70. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . wild ginger69.Lindera benzoin. borage 31. 60.Paeonia officinalis.Lonicera sempervirens.Allium schoenoprasum. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Ilex vomitoria. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Marrubium vulgare. butterfly 32.Tanacetum vulgare. garden sage 59. blue 46. American holly 16. blue 44. 55.Ilex opaca. black 29. 33.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lilium candidum. gray santolina witch hazel 11. fuller's teasel 67. dill 39.

the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. This is true for the remedies. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. of herbs for one loaf of bread. 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. < previous page page_120 next page > . toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. and fragrances they developed. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. In any event. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. preventives.

spearmint 17.Mentha spicata. absinthe 9.Satureja montana.Mentha × piperita. peppermint 18. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. apothecary's rose 22. sweet basil 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme rosemary 7. pot marigold 2.Viburnum prunifolium. garden sage 8.Nepeta cataria. 14.Ocimum basilicum.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubium vulgare. sweet marjoram 6.Pyrus communis.Salvia officinalis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. quince 24. opium poppy 5. horsemint 20.Artemisia absinthium.Hyssopus officinalis. catnip 16.Papaver somniferum.Cydonia oblonga.Monarda punctata.Origanum majorana. black haw 23. English 10.Tanacetum vulgare.Carum carvi. foxglove 12. tansy 11. caraway 19. 1.Digitalis purpurea. lavender lovage 3. winter savory 4. blue hyssop 21. horehound 15.Levisticum officinale. Calendula officinalis.

from early Moravian settlements. often it is reconstructed. and bricks raise the beds. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. centrally located. to study it. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. for example the large square bed with circular path. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. makes it something of a focal point. the other 1761. Allowed such freedom of expression. one dated 1759. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The beds are used to achieve balance. Some could be used singly. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. Thus it was for this garden.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Shaded by hop vines. and if the best has not always survived. < previous page page_122 next page > . its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. The main paths of brick unify the garden. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans.

Landscape Architect.A.S. Campbell.L. A.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. .

Carum carvi. 52. borage 5. cabbage angustifolia.Salvia officinalis.Consolida ambigua. corn poppy 79.Clematis virginiana. 66. holy thistle 58. dill 73. poet's narcissus 61.Humulus lupulus.Asparagus officinalis. yarrow 4. fennel marjoram 28.Cornusflorida. comfrey 33.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. daisy crape myrtle 23. clove 53.Narcissus poeticus.Matthiola incana.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. English thyme 2.Hydrangea quercifolia. hyssop maypop 42. grape larkspur 41.Aquilegia vulgaris.Ocimum basilicum. damask coriander rose 19. chamomile 17. mugwort67. balm chive 37. 81. autumn crocus 34. 68.Foeniculum vulgare. orach 76. garden nasturtium 12. dwarf nasturtium 13. chestnut rose 43. absinthe 45. parsley 32.Marrubium vulgare. hop southernwood 39. love. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . French rose 18.Rumex acetosa. betony 82.Rosa moschata. sorrel 65.Silybum marianum. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. marsh mallow 7.Borago officinalis. catnip 70.Rosa damascena.77.Chamaemelum nobile.Inula helenium. English 78. tansy 6.Petroselinum crispum. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Alcea rosea.Tropaeolum minus.Artemisia absinthium. redbud 24.Rosa eglanteria.Rheum rhabarbarum. 62. Carolina jessamine 38.Althaea officinalis. caraway 72. rue 14.Nepeta cataria. cockscomb 47.Allium sativum.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Salvia sclarea. virgin's bower 40.Cnicus benedictus. garden sage 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. annual clary 3. black cumin 46.Ficus.Armoracia rusticana. 54. spearmint 57.Magnolia grandiflora. polyanthus narcissus 60. asparagus 31. blessed thistle 8.Melissa officinalis.Rosa gallica. eglantine Group. 74. lemon 64.Mentha spicata. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. horehound 56. 1.Papaver rhoeas.Rubia tinctorum. rosemary49. sweet 71.Gelsemium sempervirens.Achillea millefolium. lavender rose 21.Artemisia abrotanum.Passiflora incarnata. lovage 9.Celosia cristata.Tropaeolum majus.Stachys officinalis. 80.Lilium candidum.Saponaria officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. hollyhock 51.Rosa roxburghii. basil moss rose 44. red pepper 20.Symphytum officinale.Bellis perennis.Cercis canadensis.Nigella sativa.Mentha × piperita. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. garlic lungwort 36.Hyssopus officinalis.Amaranthus caudatus. blue 69.Dianthus caryophyllus.Origanum majorana.The number in each planting area is the key number.Coriandrum sativum.Rosa centifolia.Anethum graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. rhubarb 10. madder 16. blue 63.Colchicum autumnale. stock 50. clary 30.Artemisia vulgaris.Tanacetum vulgare.Levisticum officinale.Crocus sativus.Atriplex hortensis. sweet 55. columbine 29.Ruta graveolens. feverfew southern magnolia 27. Madonna lily 59.Salvia viridis.Narcissus tazetta.Lagerstroemia indica.Pulmonaria officinalis.Chrysanthemum parthenium. elecampane 11.Vitis. 48.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

This space was never adequate. and the north point is established. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. A ravine and existing. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. far from the house. Usually this is least desirable. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. The next most desirable exposure. Although some observations may seem obvious. it is proper to make a trial run. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. The lesser the scale. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. the western. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Thus. even boggy. First. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Calluna (heather). they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure.

< previous page page_126 next page > . It was a pleasurable assignment. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The new herb garden has been located. The general outline is similar. a driveway on still another. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The outline is fixed.ground where drainage is better. 77 provided the needed inspiration. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. another is close to the rear of the house. as the drawing on p. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. and the search did not take long. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. but it need not be identical. Then. all four sides are so determined. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. certainly not precisely the same. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. and the property line on the last. single bed. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. There is the housegarage structure on one side. Indeed. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Culinary herbs will fill a large. 127 indicates. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The.

One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. There was no . a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. If all is well. With the plan established. this low wall will enclose the garden area.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. as in this case. In addition. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. In fact. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. Two drawings were required to work out problems. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. then north. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. something is amiss. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. forming the outer boundary of the service path. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. eight. In this case. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In this area.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. not one completed in a weekend. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. . A structural edging was in order. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. the site required some leveling. However. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. this was. However. and the finished edging would be effective. however. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. a lapped joint was fashioned. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. In the earlier stage of planning. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. At corners. the eight-foot length was more practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. admittedly. Before edgings could be put in place.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. selected for its simplicity. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. One is the ramp to the driveway. leaves. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. had been proof of that. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. The pattern is running bond. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Weeds. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. this same base underlies all the paths. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. could serve this purpose. A choice of five colors was available. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Paving for the terraced area is brick. sand. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. This method of treatment now guarantees . and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Unfortunately. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. but there are exits to different levels. Heavy black plastic. Aged compost. for they will likely have more traffic. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. filling the beds with soil was next.

it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. on a trial run of one course of brick. even bed for the pavers. However. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. worth the added cost.

< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. French drains. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. Herbs have flourished in the beds. the terraced area. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe." their construction can be somewhat varied. In this instance. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. With the completion of the paths. converging where it was logical to do so. learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. and the steps to other levels. . for it would interfere with the drainage system. Sometimes called "rubble drains.

< previous page page_130 next page > .

CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. for example. twelfths of an inch. and so on. E EllipseAn oval. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. sixteenths of an inch. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. and so on. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. casts the shadow for the hour. a garden plan. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. in inches. Its arrow points north and. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. not necessarily referable to botanical species. is symmetrical. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. often a wall or trellis. albula. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. having a variety of gradations. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. hundredths of an inch. for example. in tenths of an inch.

MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. a flat.3). L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Usually a few inches thick.3.brick) in the same course. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. a patterned garden. GrindstoneMillstone. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. M ManufactoryA factory. rounded fragments of rock. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. Pea gravelSmall. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. also called rubble drain. roofed structure usually open on the sides. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. G GazeboA freestanding. turf. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . heated especially by fermenting manure. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. or colored earths. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. its compartments filled with flowers. loose. ForthrightA straight course or path.

Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters.

Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. often planted with aromatic herbs. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. snug fit for walks. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Turf seatBanked-up earth. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. V VarietyA category below species. Stone. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. W Wall. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. cutting. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. called also a hose cock. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. not treelike or with a single trunk. or steps. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. TreillageLatticework for vines. < previous page page_132 next page > . ranking between species and variety. R Rose. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. walls. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity.

A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Gertrude B. Carpenter. Rosemary F. Foley. Greenwood. 1935. New York: Viking Press. 1982. Brookes. Coats. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. L. British Plants. Behme. New York: Macmillan. 1980. Foster. London. London: Saturn Press. S. Room Outside. The Cultivated Basils. Beston. Daniel J. Darrah. Julia S. Flannery. The Small Garden. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Putnam's Sons. New York: Macmillan. Robert Lee. Hanging Plants for Home. Herbsfor Every Garden. Kent: The Herb Farm. London: Country Life.: Buckeye Printing Co. London: Macmillan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Agnes. Liberty Hyde. 1958. Roses. Hortus Third. ed. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. John Philip. and Accessories. New York: Hawthorne Books. Green Enchantment. H. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1902. Helen Morgenthau. T. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. New York: Macmillan. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Henry. Herbals. New York: Dover. Bardswell. Sylvia. L. New York: E. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1977. Cross. Doran & Co. 1966. 1911.. . Helen H. Seal. Edlin. London: Marshall Cavendish. Earle. Staff of. 1957. Frances A. 1938. Park's Success with Herbs. 1962. Independence. New York: Macmillan.: Geo. . Book of the Geranium. 1971. Berrall. 14701670. 1942. New York. Fox. 1966. John E. Bailey.. Garden City: Doubleday. P. Prof. 1972. and Louden.. 1963. 1979. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. New York: G. 1961. The Herb Garden. Dutton & Co. Brownlow. 1971. Park Seed Co. Sydney: B. Foster. New York: Crown Publishers. Jot. Clarkson. H. 1980. Baumgardt. Erichsen-Brown. Charlotte. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1944. Sevenoaks.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber.. 1951. New York: Simon and Schuster. Complements. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Garden Design. 1973. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. John. Peter. How Plants Get Their Names. Bailey Hortorium.C. 1951. Margaret E. . Mo. P. 1972. Rosetta E.. Gertrude B. Herbs and the Earth. Crowe. Harriet Ballard. and Garden. 1970. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Terrace. Alice Morse. New York: Viking Press. 1933. Aurora. Toronto. W. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Batsford. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1976.

Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Claire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1938. Lathrop. Adelma G. Lawrence. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Alice Recknagel. 1964. Rosengarten. Grieve. Myron. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: De La Mare.. Norma Jean. Moldenke. Vegetable Dyeing. Edited by Clarence Elliott. London: Faber and Faber. A. Bernard Hickey. McFarland. New York: Van Nostrand. 1974. Dorothy Bovee. Gardens in Winter. 1979. How to Landscape Your Grounds. and Brunello. Hendrickson.. 1978. 1973. Pa. M. 1961. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Alma. Philippa. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. A Biblical Garden. Frances. ed. J. Potter. Frederic. Ireys.. 1951. Carol. New York: Clarkson N. and Chiltoskey.. Brown & Co. New York: Viking Press. Mass. Hay. Modern Herbal. 1975. Loyal R. Jones. The Concise Handbook of Roses. 1975. 1974. Ann. Lawrence. 1981. Claire. 1971. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. 1970.C.. Neri. Roy.. 1982. and Alma L. Cherokee Plants. Italy.. New York: Macmillan. Amy Bess. Lerner.. and Back. Simmons. 1969. Sylva. Horace. Walter. New York: Doubleday. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Mrs. Helen K. Miller. Muenscher. Franco. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Grow and Enjoy. Lesch. Flowers of the Field. 2d ed. Paul B. A Garden of Herbs. How to Select. 1969. N. 1976. Wynnewood. . 1966. (1st American edition trans. Books. Johns. Robert. 1981. New York: Dover. Loewenfeld. Boston. Boston. Plants of the Bible. Mary U. Howard. 1971. Roses of the World in Color. Tucson: H. Shaker Herbs. Johnson. Dutton & Co. Jr. New York: Dover. and Synge. 1972.: Livingston Pub. 1970. London: George Routledge & Sons. Leighton.: Chronica Botanica Co. Eigel. New York: E.Garland. M. New York: William Morrow & Co. P. Eleanour Sinclair. Loewenfeld.. New York: Crown Publishers. 1911. Early American Gardens. 1952. New York: Harper & Bros. 1946. The Herb Garden.) Rohde.. 1976. and Rice. C. Pozza. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. New York: William Morrow and Co. chemist. Elizabeth. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Hamel.. P. The Berry Book. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Toronto: Little. 1983. Herbs. The Art of Dyeing. The Book of Spices. 1959. Vicenza. Sarah. Co. Division Billboard Publications. Harold N. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Rev.. New York: Macmillan. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Kiaer. Waltham. Landscaping with Vines.: Herald Publishing Co. Krauss. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. George H. Patrick M. New York: Macmillan.

1962.A. L. Charles Patch. Philip Batchelder. Hammond Crawford. New York: St.. Wilson. 1972. Sandy Hicks. L.. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. 1965.A. Leonard Dreyfuss. Jack Emil Geist.R. New York: Simon & Schuster.. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.D. Jo Lohmolder. Yang. 1975. Cozart. Ingersoll. Barbara Capen. James C. 1961. Leonie. Thomas. Meyer. Mrs.. Henry Gund. L. Mrs. John Poinier.L. Onward and Upward in the Garden. William W. Boston: Ralph T. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. Elizabeth Lawrence. Winthrop G. Associate. Vera Breed. ed. W T. New York. Stearn. Baker. Singleton.. Herbert G.. Louise Beebe. Fragrance in the Garden. Hale & Co. Rev. Moffit. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Mrs. F. 1953. Mrs. The Fragrant Garden. Rhoda Specht. Mrs. New York: St. London: Phoenix House.A. Robert K. Esther. Indianapolis. Herbs in the Garden. New York: Hafner. Neil Hamill Park... Robert G.. The Shakespeare Garden. Mrs. Mrs. Charles L. Michael.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Vivian. Building Stone Walls. Bates.S. 1966. John. New York: Dover. Morss. Botanical Latin. 1957. Smith. Christopher. Sherry D. Jr. William Radler... Small Gardens Are More Fun. Bush. Griffin. London: Phoenix House. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Straus. Mrs.A. Charlotte. and Mrs. Price. Vt. Melissa R. Martin's Press.: Garden Way. A. Hines.L. Mrs. and Robert B. Madalene Hill.S. L. McGarry. Benjamin McF. L. William T. Mrs. Bleecker. Landscape Architecture. 1974. Alfred L.A. L. L. Marshall. Taylor.A. Stearn. John Ormsbee. Stuart.. Virginia B. Toronto: Van Nostrand.A. Peter M. The History of Gardens. Martin's. Mrs. A. William T. Weber. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. 1976. and Bell.A. Graham. Maxton Davies. L.A. Marion E. Mrs. New ed. C. L. 1931. Jr. 1953. Graham Stuart. Campbell. Thacker. Susan W.A.The Old Shrub Roses. New York: William Farquhar Payson. 1982. Norman. Paxton. Mrs. . 1972. Elisabeth W. Mrs.A. 1979. Frank M.. Climbing Roses Old and New. Mrs. Lamm. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Mrs. H. Plimpton. Martha Dahlen. 1967. Nelva M.. 1942. Jr. T. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. William C. Mrs. . L.. Helen Noyes. Martin. George. L. White. Malcolm. L. Gannaway. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mrs. New York: Simon & Schuster. Amy Bess Miller. W. L. 1979. Revised by Dr. Bynam. A.A. ed. 1976. A. L. Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. New York: Farrar.S. Donald Paxton. . Boerner.. 1979. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Raymond V.. William Y Dear. Mrs. George T.A. New York: William Morrow & Co. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. New York. Katherine S. New York: Doubleday. Bradner. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Keebler. Taloumis. . Berkeley Brandt..A. Giroux. Zohary.. Tarantino... Mrs.A.L. A. Wilder. Shrub Roses of Today. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Margaret Osborn Holt..A. Container Gardening Outdoors. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Mrs. Austin R. The Fragrant Year. Webster. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. James D. 1972. Pees. Mr. Linda. Helen Van Pelt. New York: McGraw-Hill.. Mrs. Z. Diane C. Mrs.

Timothy Procter Ruh.. Booker Worthen. < previous page page_134 next page > . Linda Yang. Christopher Rady. Mrs. Ann Arbor. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Mich. Mrs. Inc. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Wisc. Whitman. Isadore L. L. N. Mrs.. Ohio.A. Little Rock. Mrs. Harper. Michigan State University. Ga. Eric Duke Scott. Elbert Smith. Shaker Community. Faith H. Mansfield. R. Smith (Ann Leighton). civic.. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Hales Corners. University of Michigan... Bailey.. Mich. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Inc. and Mrs. Greenland. Roberts. Architect. Talbot III. The following provided historical. N. Matthew Miksch House. Christopher Spencer.. Pawtucket. Edmund G. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. James F. L. N. Eloise andJo Ray.. Kingwood Center. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Hancock Shaker Village. Hancock. L. Mrs. Ohio. Weeks Brick House.. Joan E.C. Walter Rebmann. James S. Plain Dealer Photo.. Nathan Sameth. Rose. Old Slater Mill Museum. Helen M.C.H. Old Salem. Atlanta. Lawrence Schetky. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Mrs. Atlanta Historical Society. Milton Stricker. G. Winston-Salem. Derthick. Lansing.. Semple. Milton C. Western Reserve Herb Society. Gayle. Mr. The Country Doctor Museum.. Wilcox. Swanson. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Joe H. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Frederick E. John A.. L. Jean Ruh..A.A. L. Mass. Skinner.I. Linda Yang. Cleveland. Ark. Boerner Botanical Gardens.Rady.A.

barbadensis A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. E. C. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. azoricum. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. maritima L. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Narcissus triandrus. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Myrrhis odorata. officinalis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. A. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. A. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa.

acerifolium. false Galium aristatum. Monarda didyma Crataegus. podagraria Asparagus A. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. Lamium album Viburnum. grandiflorus Melissa M. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. albula A. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. officinalis Populus. laevis Rhododendron . P.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. M. G. S. officinalis. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. F. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. lycopersicum. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. V. ludoviciana var. P. V. Solanum aculeatissimum S. melongena var.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. P. vulgaris A. oleracea. B. Mertensia virginica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. chrysantha Symphytum S. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. angustifolia. M. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. alpina 'Alba' A. coronaria .

pseudonarcissus miniature N. V. V. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. maculatum G. verna. B. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. ioensis Vaccinium. sativum R. Italian D Daffodil M. macrocarpon. M. alpinum R. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. alpinum R. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . B. M. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. coronaria. N. angustifolia.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. C.

Hosta H. triphyllum . Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. x superbum Hemerocallis. D. R. A. C. obtusifolius R. obtusifolius Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. H. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. frutescens C. Chrysanthemum frutescens. T officinale Bellis. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. R. rivieri. A. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Sansevieria. lilioasphodelus H. Ferocactus latispinus. acetosa.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. lilioasphodelus. crispus. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C.

sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. azoricum Nigella. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. pungens Sambucus S.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Antennaria. N. Centaurea cineraria. C. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. N. Helichrysum. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . gymnocarpa. C. Gnaphalium. Senecio cineraria. Lychnis coronaria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. arvensis. N. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. S. ragusina. damascena. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

regalis Adiantum. I. usitatissimum L. A. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. carica Corylus C. Osmunda. O. versicolor. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. P. perenne .× germanica I. I. carica F.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir.

sphaerocephalum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × limoneum P. scorodoprasum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sativum var. P. lutea Allium sativum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. grossularioides P radens P. × germanica Myosotis M. neapolitanum A. Pelargonium. lanata D. × hortorum P. tuberosum A. quercifolium P. odoratissimum P. Fumaria C. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. I. sylvatica Digitalis D. purpurea D.

virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. chamaedrys T. pratensis . quercifolium P. canadense. canadense T. denticulatum P. × nervosum P. A. tomentosum P. × jatrophifolium P. glutinosum. abrotanifolium P. tomentosum P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. A. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. T. graveolens P. crispum P. scabrum P graveolens P. capitatum P. officinale Z. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. P. Z. Tragopogon. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × citrosum P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. T.

Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. C. M. nervosa V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . V. Oxalis deppei. Vitis monticola. C. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. torquata E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

Sempervivum Lobelia L. G. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. triacanthos G. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Lythrum. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Ophiopogon L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. C.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Pulmonaria . L. majalis Liriope. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. W. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena.

leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. Malva. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. grandiflora M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. lucida . alcea var. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. pedatum Hibiscus.blue M Mace. erecta T. tenuifolia T. Malva. A. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. M. erecta T. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. patula Calendula officinalis T. erecta T. C. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

S. citrata M. citrata M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. onites O. requienii M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. odorata Achillea millefolium. Astrantia. O. aquatica var. citrata M. A. × piperita var. suaveolens M. crispii M. R. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. citrata. vulgare O. dictamnus O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. majorana O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. majorana O. × piperita var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. piperita var. suaveolens 'Variegata' . Spiraea alba. vulgare 'Aureum' O. major.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. vulgare O.

Umbellularia californica. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Myrrhis odorata. rubra M. alba Verbascum. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. thapsus V. V. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. M. V. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. communis.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M. Myrtus. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Azolla caroliniana. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. vulgaris A. × gentilis M. olympicum. A. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera .

V. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . majus T. nudum. minus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T. V. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. poeticus N. album L. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. L. P. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia.

Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. cepa. telephium Iris × germanica var. Proliferum Group A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. hortensis A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . vulgare var. A. fistulosum A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. cepa A. O. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. fragrans O. C. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. fragrans Allium. I. A. Scilla verna. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. Castilleja californica. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. S. fistulosum Atriplex. cepa. florentina.

P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. crispum P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca. crispum var. A. patens. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' .< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. pulsatilla Passiflora P. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia.

Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Piper C. annuum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Chenopodium. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. A. C. C. C. Marsilea Perilla. Longum Group Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. roseus C. Longum Group cone green C. Grossum Group C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. annuum. annuum. paniculata P. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. frutescens C. Longum Group C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. retroflexus. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P.

gratianopolitanus D. C. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. umbellata var. Silene laciniata. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. watsonii P maritima P. × paradisiaca.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. P salicina P angustifolia. umbellata var. officinalis Dianthus D. plumarius D. alpinus D. Plantago P. P. taeda P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. nigra P strobus P taeda P. C. Prunus japonica. caryophyllus D. M. americana . plumarius. taeda Chimaphila. angustifolia var.

carnea Phytolacca americana P. E. S. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. 0. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. biennis P. vulgare Lithospermum. Liriodendron tulipifera P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . balsamifera P. rhoeas P. L. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.

rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. coccineum C. A. Hesperis . ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. P.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. R. sativum var. canadensis C. pepo Portulaca. pepo C. C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. rhabarbarum R. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Diplotaxis. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.

R. × borboniana Kerria. × harisonii R. damascena R. × borboniana R. canina R. × borboniana R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gallica 'Officinalis' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. moschata . centifolia R. banksiae R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. damascena 'Bifera' R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. chinensis 'Minima' R. canina. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica R. laevigata R. sativa Rosa R. spinosissima R. Rubus coronarius R. Rosa chinensis R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca.

S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. officinalis S. guaranitica S.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. setigera R. Rosmarinus. clevelandii S. azurea subsp. R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. caerula. officinalis Limonium R. pitcheri S. microphylla S. Salvia hierosolymitana . sclarea S. × rehderana R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. rugosa R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. greggii S. angustissimus R.

marilandica Amelanchier . C. leucantha S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. S. chamaecyparissus S. S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. montana Scabiosa S. leucophylla S. chamaecyparissus S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. guaranitica S. Salicornia. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. P.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. virens. hebecarpa. neapolitana S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. maritimum E. viridis S. elegans S. T. A. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex.

canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

nivalis Lamium album. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria. coggygria Cotinus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. biflorum . Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. C. P. C. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. coggygria C. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. americana. V. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. P. G. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax.

crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. H. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. V. H. scutatus R. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. O. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. officinalis thyme-leaved V. O. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. L. S. patulum. R. acetosa. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . E. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. crassipes O. japonica Sorbaria. Ornithogalum arabicum. pyrenaicum.

incana M. T vulgare T. vulgare var. M. O. vesca F. perennis. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. crispum T. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. C. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vulgare var. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. dracunculus var. vesca F. incana M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. O. floridus Philadelphus . chiloensis F. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R.

'Argenteus' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. 'Broad-leaf English' T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. 'Clear Gold' T. A. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. praecox subsp. maritima Thymus. E. × citriodorus T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . sylvestris D. laevigata Eupatorium. T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. Silybum marianum S. arcticus T. marianum S. marianum S. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. pallasianus T. praecox T. phaenopyrum C. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. benedictus.

pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. L. cerasiforme. P. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. pruinosa. radicans Bignonia capreolata. noli-tangere. Coreopsis Linaria. alata Lycopersicon. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. lycopersicum var. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . lycopersicum var. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Physalis peruviana L. sanctum O. sanctum Tulipa T. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. lycopersicum L. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. I. peruviana P. praecox subsp.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. P. C.

caprea . V. canina. C. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. odorata V. cornuta V. P. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. C. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. caeruleum Clematis. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Chimaphila. officinalis Polemonium.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. V riviniana Viola odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. longifolia Chamaelaucium. cornuta 'Alba' V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis.

Gaultheria procumbens. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. caprea. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. I. verticillata Chimaphila. annua A. absinthium A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Corydalis sempervirens A. gmelinii A. pontica.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. camphorata A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. frigida A. V. nudum Isatis I. Stachys . Vanilla barbellata A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. W. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. S. ambrosioides Artemisia.

vomitoria I. ageratum A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. I. C. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . × media 'Hicksii' T. millefolium A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. lutea. X. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. simplicissima Cladrastis. taygetea A. filipendulina A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot.

h. ageratum A. fragrant g. five-finger f. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. breviflora A. Indian mallow China jute. lion's tail anise hyssop.. millefolium A. butter-print. calamus maidenhair fern. nose-bleed. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. Indian mallow. fennel g. maidenhair fern. longifolia Achillea A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. theophrasti Acacia A. alpinus Aconitum A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. maidenhair American maidenhair. foeniculum Agave A.. taygetea A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . sanguinary. napellus Acorus A. monkshood helmut flower. calamus Adiantum A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. monkshood flowering maple. blue giant hyssop.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. yarrow sneezeweed. thousand-seal. fourcroydes sweet flag. pedatum Agastache A. cana A. parlor m. h.

bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. githago Ajuga A. Spanish o. giganteum A.. Japanese bunching o. hemp plant agrimony. christophii A. cocklebur. lily leek daffodil garlic. vulgaris Allium A..A. ciboule. cive. reptans Alcea A. karataviense A. sativum var. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. ophioscorodon A. schnittlauch giant garlic . Pulchellum A. moly A. sisalana Agrimonia A. flavum A. senescens var. sisal hemp. alpina A.. tree o. Rosenbachianum A. neapolitanum A. flowering o. rosea Alchemilla A.. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. sativum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. schoenoprasum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. fistulosum A. purple c. scorodoprasum A. serpent garlic chive. ostrowskianum A. garlic rocambole. two-bladed o. eupatoria Agrostemma A.

japonica A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. Curasao a. tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinalis Amaranthus A. shadbush. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. bugloss windflower. shad. officinalis Anemone A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. pulsatilla Anethum A. barbadensis Aloysia A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. Oriental garlic . sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. juneberry. hupehensis var. tuberosum Aloe A. canadensis Amsonia A. white m. Barbados a. marschalliana A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding.. officinarum Anchusa A. medicinal a. archangel. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe.glaucum A. blanda A.. cerefolium chervil angelica. garlic c. sphaerocephalum A. bugloss alkanet. caudatus Amelanchier A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A.. triphylla Althaea A.

European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. chrysantha A. graveolens var. alpina 'Alba' A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.Apium A.

schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. lactiflora A. kinnikinick. wormwood southernwood. stewardsonii Armeria A. mealberry. triphyllum subsp. camphorata A. pink or white horseradish. Ludoviciana var. arborescens A. pontica A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . red cole sagebrush. mugwort. creashak green-dragon. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. sea pink thrift. dracontium A. asarabacca wild ginger. sandberry. sativa A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. triphyllum A. dracunculus var. annua A. virginicum bearberry. europaeum A. rusticana Artemisia A. frigida A. gmelinii A. old man southernwood absinthe.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. mountain box. bear's grape. maritima Armoracia A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. albula A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. hog cranberry. canadense A.

pleurisy root.Asclepias A. ruby s. wild blue i. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. c. perennis Berberis B. mustard . Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. upland cress winter cress. plains f. vulgaris Bellis B. B. s. rattleweed winter cress.. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. tinctoria Barbarea B. major Atriplex A. butterfly flower butterfly weed. halimus A. vulgaris Beta milkweed. China grass borage borage. hortensis B Baptista B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. papyrifera Boehmeria B. wild indigo. wild indigo blue false indigo. silkweed. tuberosa Asparagus A. i. officinalis Astrantia A. rocket. c. s. ruby s. vulgaris. piprage beet swiss chard. australis B. c. c. tuberroot. saltbush orach. nivea Borago B. talewort. cool-tankard cole. mountain spinach false indigo. yellow r.. garden o. Chinese silk plant. orach sea orach. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. jaundice berry.

white-flowered k. officinalis Calycanthus C. eruca B. floridus Campanula C. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C.. grandiflora Calendula C. microphylla var. strawberry s. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sempervirens B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. carpatica C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. pineapple s.B.. koreana B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla 'Nana' B.

o. sweet pepper.. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . C. persicifolia C. green p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. bell p. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. s. o. p.. trumpet flower. p. o. p.C. p. trumpet vine. s. o. green p. p. p. red p. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. s. cow-itch. trumpet honeysuckle pepper.. p. o. chili p. rapunculus Campsis C. p. o. p. p. pimento sweet pepper s.. o.

. Tabasco p. snakehead . cristata Cercis C. capsicum p. red p. majus Chelone cayenne p. Tabasco-sauce p. chili p. Russian c.. carvi Carya C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. nobile Chelidonium C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. false saffron. bastard s... old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. deodara Celosia C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. ovata Cassia C. illinoinensis C. celandine celandine turtlehead.. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. senna. shellbark h. Madagascar periwinkle. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. marilandica Catharanthus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. garden c. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. tinctorius Carum C. canariensis Cedrus C. frutescens Carthamus C..

parthenium C. bonus-henricus C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. old-man's-beard costmary. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. dwarf 1. coccineum C. ladanifer Citrus C.C. leather flower.. ambrosioides C. Robert Brydon' C. botrys Chimaphila C. frutescens C. leather flower. crispus C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. pyrethum. Chinese dwarf 1.. barbe-de-capuchin. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. lutea Clematis C. umbellata Chionanthus C. cinerariifolium C. virgin's bower.. pigweed Mexican tea. glabra Chenopodium C. devil's-darning- .. Meyer 1. Spanish t. × jouiniana 'Mrs. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. wormseed. racemosa Cistus C. wax flower. balsamita C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. Dalmatia p. rattletop black cohosh. feather geranium. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. American w. fat hen ambrosia. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. mint geranium. leucanthemum C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. alecost pyrethrum. virgilia virgin's bower. virginiana balmony goosefoot. intybus Cimicifuga C. wintergreen. × superbum Cichorium C.

cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. peregrina Consolida C. Venetian sumac. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. trifolia Coreopsis C. ambigua C. florida Corylus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. smokebush. quick-set.. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. avellana Cotinus C. red haw hawthorn English h. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . smokebush smoke tree. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. sativum Cornus C. benedictus Coix C. cneorum Coptis C. laevigata C. smoke plant.needle Cnicus C. arkansana C. thorn. autumnale Comptonia C. majalis Convolvulus C. apiculatus Crataegus C. orientalis Convallaria C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. Chinese parsley dogwood. thorn apple.

sativus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.. West Indian 1. speciosus C. × allwoodii D. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. sempervirens Cydonia C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. scoparius C.C. speciosus 'Albus' C. angustifolius C.. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . gracilis Dianthus D. sieberi C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. kotschyanus C. maritimum Crocus C. citratus Cytisus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C.

carnation. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. lanata D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. spectabilis Dictamnus D. sativus D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . × imbricata Echium clove pink. gas plant. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. grandiflora D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. burning bush. sylvestris Doronicum D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E.

blueweed. plum eryngo sea holly. japonica Eryngium E. b. californica Eucalyptus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. S. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . perfoliatum E. dulcis Endymion E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. rugosum v. epimedium barrenwort. sea eryngo California poppy C. ironbark. jacinth. gum tree. arvense E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. J. torquata Euonymus E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. Australian gum. pungens Eleocharis E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. vulgare Elaeagnus E.. hyemale Eranthis E. viridis Epimedium E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. Japanese medlar. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.E. sea holm. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. poppy eucalypt.

s.s. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .Euphorbia E. a. vulgaris Foeniculum F. a. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. alpine s. vulgare var. vulgare subsp. vulgare F. sow-teat s. assafoetida Ficus F. vulgare F. finocchio. a. major Fragaria F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. ulmaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. imperialis Fumaria F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. chiloensis F. cyparissias F Ferula F.

red Robin . pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.F. runaway robin. virginiana Hedeoma H.. checkerberry. nivalis Galium G. robertianum Glechoma G. verum Gardenia G. field balm.. mock p... hirsutum H Hamamelis H. jasminoides Gaultheria G. honey locust. alumroot herb Robert. hederacea Gleditsia G. triacanthos Gossypium G. false baby's-breath woodruff. cleavers white bedstraw. hexapetala G Galanthus G. tinctoria Geranium G. maculatum G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. vernalis H. Carolina jessamine Genista G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. teaberry. woodwaxen. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine.. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. Carolina yellow j. our-lady's-b. sweet w. wild c. dyer's greenweed. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. germanica G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. odoratum G. Capejasmine wintergreen. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. ground ivy. Carolina jasmine G. mountain tea. spotted c. gardenia. mollugo G.

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. niger H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. arborescens Helleborus H. Deccan h. bastard jute. orientalis Hemerocallis H. angustifolium H. Indian hemp. giant m. turnsole heliotrope. lividus subsp. matronalis Hibiscus H.. atrorubens H. lilioasphodelus H.. petiolatum Heliotropium H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. lemon d. China rose.. rose-of-China. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. Chinese hibiscus. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily.. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. corsicus H. rose m. glabra Hesperis H. daylily . mallow. flavescens Helenium H.. licorice plant heliotrope. blacking plant plantain lily.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. hibiscus kenaf. bimli j. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. foetidus H. Deckaner h. × luteola Herniaria H. curry plant false licorice. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. garland 1. cannabinus H. Hawaiian h. bimlipatum j. sweet r..

. quercifolia Hydrastis H. European h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. . crenata var. box-leaved h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. patulum 'Sungold' H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.-John's-wort St. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. Burford's holly Japanese holly.-John's-wort St. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. navelwort gotu kola St. perforatum Hyssopus H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort.H. asiatica Hypericum H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. box-leaved h. horned h. white h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. orangeroot. rose h. lupulus Hydrangea H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. I.

cristata I. J. jewelweed. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . spotted t. vomitoria 'Nana' I. pseudacorus Isatis I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. 'Great Lakes' I. tinctoria Inula I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. tinctoria Ixia I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. helenium Ipomoea I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. chinensis var. opaca I.I. crested dwarf i. touch-me-not jewelweed. maculata J Jasminum J. water f. × germanica var. wilsonii Impatiens I. horizontalis creeping j. alba Iris I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. yellow flag. African corn lily corn lily orris. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. virginiana red cedar jasmine.... glabra I. capensis Indigofera I. crested i. florentina I. officinale Juniperus J. snapweed. woad dyer's woad.

flamingo p.Justicia water willow J. dumb nettle. nobilis Lavandula L.. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . bay. dentata var. n. angustifolia subsp. plume flower. n. paradise p. maculatum L. album L. sweet bay laurel. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. angustifolia L. indica Lamium L.. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. white d.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. dentata L.. carnea Brazilian-plume. king'scrown L Lactuca L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. d. plume plant. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

. candidum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. marsh rosemary. aestivum Levisticum L. officinale Ligustrum L. perenne L. statice statice toadflax spicebush.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. muscari Lobelia L. benzoin Linum L. usitatissimum Liriope L. hedge plant privet. blue cardinal flower . summer s. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. chalcedonicum Limonium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. pepperwort. leonurus Leontopodium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. sativum Leucojum L. lovage privet.

rose campion white campion cuckoo flower.. honesty. maritima L. money plant. grandiflora M. catchfly mullein pink. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. lycopersicum var. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. annua Lychnis L. coral h. stellata M. penny f. moonwort. europaeus Lysimachia L. silver-dollar. campion. lycopersicum var.L. coronaria 'Alba' L. cordata Magnolia M. gypsywort. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. sempervirens Lunaria L. virginiana sweet alyssum. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. satin flower honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . vulgaris Lythrum L. coronaria L. flava L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia.

. × piperita M. Oregon g. Scotch m. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. gillyflower. requienii M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. imperial stock balm lemon b. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m.. 'Eau de Cologne' M. b.. curly m... stock stock. holly g.. Virginia c. horsemint . angustifolia M. bluebells. longifolia M. lungwort bluebells. aquatica M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. lemon m. × gentilis M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. incanum M. pulegium M. × piperita var. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. musk m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint.... 'Guiding Star' M. apple m. vulgare Matthiola M. white h. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. alcea var. menthella. mountain g. citrata M. pineapple m.Mahonia M. Virginia b. bee b. pennyroyal Corsican m. Brampton stock. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. bergamot m. fastigiata Marrubium M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. holly barberry. American crab. incana Melissa M. holly mahonia. officinalis Mentha M. cowslip. blue barberry apple. sweet b. hupehensis Malva M.

didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. Oswego tea. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. American m. b. anise. odorata Myrtus M. swamp c. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. fistulosa M.. sweet cicely. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. pink b. white bee balm pink b. punctata Montia M. white b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . Greek myrtle. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. b. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. textilis Myosotis M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M.M. fistulosa var. banana abaca. Swedish m. myrrh. citriodora M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. winter purslane. sylvatica Myrica M. b. red m. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. menthifolia M. candleberry. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

hog-pasture b. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . elatior P. veris Prunella P. nepalensis P. pasture b. maritima P. all-heal salad burnet. five-finger shrubby c. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. Americana P. trifoliata Populus P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. vulgaris Prunus P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. heal-all. cowslip self-heal self-heal. golden hardhack. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. aspen. lungwort blue 1. Jerusalem sage. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. brake bracken.. widdy shrubby c.. angustifolia P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. hardy orange poplar. balsam p. persica Pteridium P. granatum Pyrus P. domestica P. pensylvanica P. brake. sand p. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum.Poncirus P.. tacamahac cinquefoil. hackmatack.

typhina Ribes R. . stellata R Ranunculus R. luteola Rhamnus R. autumn damask r. chinensis 'Minima' R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. brier r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. gooseberry alpine c. brier Banksia r. sweetbrier French r. pygmy r. banksiae R. ficaria Reseda R. alpinum R. purshiana Rheum R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R..Quercus Q. 'Cinderella' R... wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. rose. crowfoot lesser celandine. cabbage r.. moss r. pie plant. × borboniana R. eglantine. dog r.. pilewort mignonette weld.. gallica damask r. eglanteria R. fairy r. garden c. dog b. York-and-Lancaster r. garden r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. canina R. Bourbon r. China r. sativum Rosa R. moss r. red currant. mountain c. small c.

prostrate rosemary. madder bramble blackberry. golden p. wichuraiana R.. Harison's yellow r. setigera R. rosemary white r. acetosa R. bitter d. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. × rehderana R.. musk r. obtusifolius R. chestnut r. rugosa R.'Officinalis' R. polyantha r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. chinquapin r. rosemary pine-scented r. prairie r. spinosissima R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. snowdwarf memorial r.. climbing r. hirta Rumex R. dock s. Cherokee r. moschata R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. 'Schneezwerg' R. sorrel. Turkestan r. climbing r. burnet r. roxburghii R. Japanese r. garden sorrel broad dock.. laevigata R. × harisonii R. tinctorum Rubus R. Scotch r. angustissimus R. r. French sorrel rue .

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clary annual clary elder. purple g. Mexican bush s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. bloodroot rue . pussy willow sage. purple sage baby sage garden sage. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. gray sage. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. bloodroot red puccoon. guaranitica S. purple variegated garden s. canadensis willow. elderberry American e. elegans S. garden s. microphylla S. American e. osier goat willow. s. greggii S. viridis Sambucus S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. leucantha S. involucrata S. golden g. leucophylla S. caerula S. sclarea S. clevelandii S. s. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. caprea Salvia S. variegated garden s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. argentea S.

mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. St. sisarum Solanum S.Sanguisorba S. sweet s. hen-and-chickens.. mad apple . mourning-bride stonecrop. devil's tongue. atropurpurea Sedum S. neapolitana S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. lucky plant. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. blessed t. tectorum Silybum S. Mary's t.. hortensis S.. melongena var. virens Saponaria S. milk t. live-forever houseleek. roof h. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. officinalis Sassafras S. pinnata S. trifasciata Santolina S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. marianum Sium S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. hemp plant snake plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. jasminoides S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. live-forever houseleek. morganianum S. telephium Sempervivum S. albidum Satureja S. good-luck plant. canadensis Sansevieria S.. pincushion flower pincushions.

pseudocapsicum Solidago S. lilac . officinale S.. erecta marigold African m. big m. vulgaris 'Addie V. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. grandiflora S. reticulata var. sorbifolia Sorbus S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. laevis Symphytum S. patula melongene. californica Sorbaria S. byzantina S. laciniata Persian lilac S. americana Stachys S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. woundwort lamb's-ears.. hedge nettle. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. lutea Stokesia S. × persica var. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony.

occidentalis Thymus T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. wood sage germander dwarf. culinary golden lemon t.. 'Argenteus' T. crispum Taraxacum T. fruticans T. canadense T. germander American g. marum Thuja T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. officinale Taxus T. vulgare T. sweet mace French m. vulgare var. lucida T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. dense y. procumbent g. carnosus T.T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. lemon t. tansy tansy... filifolia T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. yew conical y. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. . signet m. columnar y. upright y. dwarf m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T.

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wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. lemon t. zygis Torenia T. herba-barona T. lanatum Trifolium T. . creeping t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. serpyllum T. nummularius T. not culinary French t.. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. wishbone flower. glabrescens T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls.. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. caraway t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. praecox T. doerfleri T. pallasianus T. odorus t. t. red c. nitidus T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. crimson c.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. richardii subsp. praecox subsp. confederatej. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. leucotrichus T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. woolly thyme creeping t. t. pratensis Trichostema T.

'Blizzard' T.Tropaeolum T. officinalis V. bitter Indian garden n. Indian cress dwarf n. canadensis Tulipa T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. tarda T. thapsus Veronica V. huckleberry. pale yellow Darwin t. . tawny orange t. cranberry. clusiana T. speedwell. blattaria V. flannel plant. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. early. 'General de Wet' T. minus Tsuga T. nettle stinging n. velvet p.. kaufmanniana T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. squill. water-lily t. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. blueberry. species t. majus T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. mullein mullein. maritima Urtica U. red s. laevifolium Valeriana V. dioica V Vaccinium V. farfara U Urginea U.. olympicum V. officinalis Verbascum V. tall n. angustifolium var.

plicatum 'Mariesii' V.Vetiveria V. maple-leaved viburnum. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. heartsease pansy. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. khus-khus. tricolor V. nannyberry. sheepberry. heartsease. lutea 'Splendens' V. violet dog violet horned v. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. minor Viola V.. acerifolium V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. zizanioides Viburnum V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. lesser p. sweet h.. running m. withe-rod vetiver. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie.. canina V. cassinoides V. arrowwood. × wittrockiana Vitis V. prunifolium Vinca V. ladies-delight. carlesii V. myrtle. odorata V. possum haw .

Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. Canton g.

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