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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

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Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. bereft of hope.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. seven years ago. and I have had the pleasure of advising. successes. whether all their labor was to no avail. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. and record every detailall of the failures. pushing. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. With false starts and honest stops. especially poetry. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. for they had no model and no guide. Their energy and charm caught me up. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . alterations. Then. This was not to be. The turning point came when. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. carefully chosen. Again they revised. It needs no sequel. Ginny had done some writing. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. punching. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. build it. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. responded with delight. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. and the publisher. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. wheedling. more of them exist to serve as examples. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. This they did. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. with sparkling enthusiasm. and the experience provided the final section of the book. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach.

the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. while others were prepared by landscape designers. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. former generic names. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. and educational purpose. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. historical interest. . As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Not all plants used are herbs. Likewise.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. 1969 and 1980. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. The herb garden designs alone. by their owners. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. A range of essential factors is considered herein. degree of maintenance required. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. or by contributors. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. We. Italics are always used for botanical names. specialty. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. To achieve this. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. although countless common names exist. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Some of these were created by landscape architects. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. rather. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. without accompanying commentary. English thyme. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. the authors. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. we completed a test garden. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. and these are capitalizedfor example.

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president. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. librarian. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. and the horticulturist. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Recognition is due Robert B. Alice Skelsey. as expediter and typist. former managing editors. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. have also been of assistance. Susan Frugé. The late Raymond C. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. which made possible the completion of our text.D. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book.. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Wanda Ritchie. past presidents. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Swanson and Robert B. Betty Rea. Herbert J. has given us valuable information. Finally. Alexander Apanius. Jo Lohmolder. Isaacson. Richard T. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. She has served. A lecturer on herbs. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. and Joanna Reed. and August Frugé. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Genevieve Jyurovat. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. M. Lee Buss.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Eleanor Gambee. Nell Neff. Derthick. and Rexford Talbert. Trudi Bela. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Weatherhead. We are grateful to many. Special thanks are due James C. Rady. His assistant. former director of same. Keebler and the late Everest P. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. too. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. and Elizabeth Bryce. FAITH H. has been especially helpful over the years.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

to increase the value of the property." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Its interest is independent of flowers." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. lay out a plan of the property. new plants. a front dooryard." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth." A good design does not "happen. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. and hedges will have been located. As one constantly reinforces the other. and structures. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. If no . The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. temples of worship. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. partially excavated area. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. and decisions must not be left to chance. "Not difficult to plan. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. some of which are evergreen. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. not at all difficult to maintain. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. In order to create a fine garden design. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Perennial herbs. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. new ways of seeing. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. As Henry Beston reflects. or an abandoned. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. fences. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. the north point will have been indicated.

and hedges. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. < previous page page_2 next page > .Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. Here. fences. measurements are in engineer's scale.

Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Other areas may require a smaller scale. and the driveway. other significant structures. The object is to . (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. measure to locate the house. such as the one illustrated here. measurements are in engineer's scale. Next. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. to locate the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. In the absence of a survey map. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. too. A deed description. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. too. Here. but with all needed information. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. In this example. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable.

and parallel lines. shrubs. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. driveway. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. enclosures. The smaller the scale. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. and unusual land features noted. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. paths. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. lines at an angle.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. < previous page page_3 next page > . plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. triangleof inexpensive plastic. The tools needed for drawing are few.

How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. With the plan on paper. In some cases.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. and holly. old smokehouse. In the absence of a structure. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. greenhouse. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. yew. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. A toolhouse. In the designs that follow. and hedges of hemlock. However. and stone. iron. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . Upkeep. brick. garage. One basic rule is the higher the wall. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. or summer kitchen is ideal. gazebo. bayberry. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. a temporary garden that may be changed later. elegant box. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. . or pressure-treated lumber. deeply evergreen. Equally important is proportion. When used with a hedge. When this reinforcement is understated. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Stone. Styles are legion. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. whether it will be rocks. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. for reinforcing the design. they can be made to order. railroad ties. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. it will seem too sparsely planted. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. If used.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. landscape timbers. Stained. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. the garden design is most attractive. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. as an example. yew. and their styles are countless. For example. Brick is the all-time favorite material. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. as in outdoor room dividers. Lower cost is an advantage. such as bayberry. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Where air circulation is much needed. cut stones. so give them much thought. holly. or natural. annual painting is a necessity. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Rosemary. if wood is the material of choice. however. painted. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. too. In some climates. some deciduous and some evergreen. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. At first. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Gates are part of the enclosure. If desired. Generally. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. for example. box. and rosemary. or. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. but the results will confirm this course. Allow adequate room within the row. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. bricks. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Whatever the reason. gray surfaces are found.

Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . there is a necessary.Steps When constructing steps. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. however. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. cost. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. for example. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. their use no less than comfortable. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. . these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. or red. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. rosy pink. Choose the path material equally for comfort. If groups are walking through. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Step materials need not be the same as. the greater the tread. making the design more evident.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. There are. appearance. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. Access paths. but should be compatible with. Paths must be ample. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. A width of four feet allows room for turning. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. The colors are various: terracotta. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. because they are just that. and maintenance. It is a general rule that the less the riser. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. too.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

If the garden is made up of separate beds. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. or trees to be considered. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. prepare a planting plan for each. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. With these recommendations in mind. is an enjoyable experience. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. a result being hazardous footing. too.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. This. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. They are easily renewed as they break down. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > .) To avoid having a slippery surface. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. a soft-lead pencil in hand. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. shrubs. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. When they mature. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. serviceberry. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. they should not shade the herbs too much. and many good references are available. bark or pine needles can be used. shad Malus coronaria. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it.

for example. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. lemon thyme. 'Mount Hood daff. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. It needs. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. whether they are invasive or tall growing. one-half inch equals one foot. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. however. a focal point is customarily used. Often this center of interest is a sundial. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Artifacts As with other gardens. Do use a soft-lead pencil. too. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. for example. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. noting well their growth habits. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. such as the one illustrated here. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Sept. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. it is easily read and easily erased. or whatever is best in your case.

respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. the height of a fence to the house. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. If a statue less than life-size is used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. Again. It is then in scale with its frame. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. a niche of its own should be created. < previous page page_9 next page > .

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

with one basic rule always needing to be observed. However. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. For easy reference.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. Except for two. that of good proportion. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. the designs have a decorative north point. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a stylized drawing of an ovary.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

A.Allium 11. sativa. lemon 15. sweet 25. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Galium odoratum. salad burnet 12. which is used here in relation to a garage.Satureja montana. 3. arcticus 27. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium graveolens. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. 5. 4. or other structure. 7. Landscape Architect.Melissa officinalis.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. Lavenders accent the front corners. a fence. Foeniculum vulgare. lovage 17. dill cerasiforme.Lobularia maritima. 26. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.S. 14. The rules of symmetry are observed.Ocimum basilicum. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 1.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 16. 21. With color and texture considered for contrast.Thymus praecox subsp. 6.Origanum majorana. lemon balm .L.A. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. 22. bee balm 13. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Satureja hortensis.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. summer 23. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Viola tricolor. rose 24. fennel 2. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. The first number in each planting area is the key number.

Origanum heracleoticum.Porrum Group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Petroselinum crispum var. leek 9. curly parsley 10.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. costmary 'Albus'. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Pelargonium × limoneum.8. 19. Greek 28. dwarf garden 20. chive 18.Salvia officinalis. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .

bush basil 3. .Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. perhaps overgrown with weeds. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. summer 10. 13.Poterium sanguisorba. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 11.Satureja hortensis. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Pelargonium tomentosum. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. French tarragon 2.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Foeniculum vulgare. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. 12. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 18. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. white 20. rose 19. Petroselinum crispum var.Lavandula angustifolia.Monarda didyma. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. 17. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Allium schoenoprasum. 9. 1.Pelargonium graveolens. curly parsley sativa. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. as was done here. lemon verbena 21.

Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Origanum majorana. English thyme dill 8. eglantine 23.salad burnet 6.Galium odoratum.Rosa eglanteria.Heliotropium arborescens. 16. English'.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.

The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Then the design might need to be expanded. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Thymus × citriodorus. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. lovage 15. 7. however. 9. 1.Mentha spicata.Levisticum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. summer savory 11. .S. parsley 5. Origanum majorana. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. 13.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet marjoram 3. still observing a scale.L. salad burnet 14. however. spearmint 16.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon thyme 10.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Satureja hortensis. dill 2. Even in limited space.Salvia officinalis. The image would soon give way to other considerations. A. and the plan could be used at a front door.A. Origanum heracleoticum. garden sage 8. The garden is conveniently located.Petroselinum crispum. Japanese yew 17.Taxus cuspidata.Chionanthus virginicus. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.

nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil chive 12.6.Tropaeolum majus.

Santolina chamaecyparissus. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. bee balm 14. 7. fraxinella 15.Digitalis grandiflora. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Osmunda cinnamomea.Stachys byzantina.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Humulus lupulus. blue lungwort 26.Thymus × citriodorus. fennel 19.Primula vulgaris. 8. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. sweet violet 16. 6. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The number in each planting area is the key number. 33. yellow 29. 18. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. 9. Viola odorata. lemon thyme 28. Landscape Architect. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. cinnamon fern 4. garden sage 17. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.S. 30. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Christmas fern 5. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 13. salad 20. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.L. hop sativa.Origanum majorana. The long. This is an intimate garden.Asarum canadense. wild ginger 27.Convallaria majalis. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Jacob's-ladder 3. the challenge is obvious.Polystichum acrostichoides. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Dictamnus albus.Artemisia dracunculus var. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 31.Allium ampeloprasum. leek Foeniculum vulgare. Monarda didyma. 32. 1. lavender marjoram 2. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. A. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. summer 21.Pulmonaria officinalis.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.A. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Polemonium reptans.

Tsuga canadensis. yellow bedstraw 23.Galium odoratum.Buxus microphylla var.Satureja montana. French thyme woodruff koreana. 35. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Korean box 11. French'. Canada hemlock Standard'.lilac 10. winter savory 24. curly parsley mountain ash 12. sweet 34.Galium verum.savory germander Willmott'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Petroselinum crispum var. crispum.Sorbus americana.

it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Petroselinum crispum var. It is a pleasing. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. this design can be an inspiration." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis. it became part of the patio. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. 19.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. geometric design. Surprisingly.Origanum heracleoticum. To be placed near the kitchen. One of the beds. dill 10. garden sage 20. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. devoted to a "yearly surprise. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. 1. neapolitanum. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Aloysia triphylla. Italian parsley .Rumex scutatus. Even so. lemon verbena 2.

Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. English thyme bush basil 8. chive 25.Origanum majorana. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . 16.Artemisia dracunculus var. basil sativa. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. curly parsley 22.Myrrhis odorata. sweet 18.Melissa officinalis.Borago officinalis. lemon basil 9. Alpine strawberry 7.Poterium sanguisorba.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum. summer savory 23. borage 'Purpurascens'. chervil marjoram 21.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet 13.Petroselinum crispum var. crispum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. salad 15.Allium tuberosum. lemon balm cicely 6.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum. French tarragon 5.3. winter savory 24.Ocimum basilicum 12. garlic chive 26.Satureja montana.Anthriscus cerefolium.17. sweet 14. purple basil 4.

To increase the planting area.C.Satureja montana.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Stachys byzantina.Santolina virens. scented-leaf geranium 2. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. The center beds here were established in this way.Hyssopus officinalis. lamb's-ears 20. so. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. English thyme lemon thyme 11. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. winter 21.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Thymus × citriodorus. 19. green santolina 12. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. Created in an orderly way. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. gray . As a whole. sweet 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Myrrhis odorata. the work paths could be eliminated. blue 22. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Galium odoratum. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. D.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. sweet cicely 23. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. it is an unusual. English lavender 10. 1.Lavandula angustifolia. purple basil 4. rosemary 3. too. 14. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium in variety. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. geometric design. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. it is full of interesting angles.

Artemisia abrotanum. germander 16.6.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. horehound24.Myrtus communis. American southernwood holly 17. 25. silver mound artemisia 18.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia camphorata. French thyme santolina 15. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Salvia officinalis.Ilex opaca.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. clove pink 7. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . classic myrtle 9.

Job's tears 11. English lavender 6.Calendula officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. Sometimes space is limited.Artemisia absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. this herb garden is secluded. sweet woodruff 5. absinthe 26. sweet basil 4.Thymus praecox subsp. sativa. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. blue hyssop 2. 1. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. casts the shadow for the hour.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. purple basil 3. pot marigold 24. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Coix lacryma-jobi. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. This center of interest is of particular note. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. French tarragon 14. yarrow 12. which adds its impression of warmth. lemon balm 22. too. gray santolina 13.Melissa officinalis. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Lavandula angustifolia. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Borago officinalis. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. rosemary 15. borage 23. Its arrow points north and. winter savory 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Galium odoratum.Satureja montana.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chamaemelum . Ocimum basilicum. arcticus 21. Achillea millefolium. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Hyssopus officinalis. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. tansy 25. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.

wild marjoram 28. scented-leaf 27.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. marjoram pecan 10. pineapplescented sage 9. Salvia elegans.Carya illinoinensis. costmary 'Albus'. white creeping thyme nobile. chive 18. garden sage 19. variegated garden sage 8. Salvia officinalis. comfrey20.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Symphytum officinale. sweet 29. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Syringa.Pelargonium in variety.7.Origanum majorana. chamomile 17.Origanum vulgare. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .

Galium odoratum. lemon balm 35. sweet cicely 37. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. 19.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. summer 32. When controlled in this way. 29. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Melissa officinalis. French sorrel 21. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 6. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. sunken into the ground. rue 31.Apium graveolens.Pelargonium × limoneum. 8.Allium sativum. lovage 22. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Salvia officinalis. sativa. garlic Levisticum officinale. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Ipomoea alba. sweet 34. 18.Pelargonium graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. rose geranium 2. 4. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. 9. 36. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Ruta graveolens.Satureja hortensis. hyssop Meyer lemon . The more invasive ones. dill 20.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 33. blue 23. 5. 1. 3. for example lemon balm and spearmint. true ginger16.Myrrhis odorata. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Teucrium chamaedrys.Marrubium vulgare. purple basil Zingiber officinale. parsley 17. 30. 7. chervil 15. Anthriscus cerefolium.

lemon verbena 11. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Mentha spicata.10.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. spearmint 27. lemonthyme 28. sweet basil 38.Aloysia triphylla.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Origanum heracleoticum.Magnolia virginiana.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Tropaeolum minus. salad burnet 25. French thyme 24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. Greek oregano 12. dwarf nasturtium 13. English thyme 26. Japanese yew 39.Ocimum basilicum. bush basil 14.Poterium sanguisorba.

It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. but. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. < previous page page_22 next page > . the insect-repellent pennyroyal. simplify!. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. whatever the reason.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. a quick way to ensure good drainage. however. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. "Simplify.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

sweet 25. parsley 2. arcticus. bell pepper 6.Anethum graveolens.Origanum majorana.Mentha spicata. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Artemisia dracunculus var.Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Thymus praecox subsp.Petroselinum crispum. lettuce 10. 16. aloe Grossum Group. bee balm 19.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia absinthium. French tarragon 5.Allium schoenoprasum. garden sage 3.Lactuca sativa.Capsicum frutescens. peppermint 23. 12.Melissa officinalis. 14. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. summer basil savory 7.The number in each planting area is the key number. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. balm sativa.Galium odoratum.Aloe barbadensis. dill 13. tansy 11. sweet 17. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. jewelweed24.Allium fistulosum. spearmint 21.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Lindera benzoin. sweet 15. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Monarda didyma.Impatiens capensis. 26. spicebush absinthe French'. 18.Hedeoma pulegioides. rue 20.Salvia officinalis.Satureja hortensis.Mentha x piperita. lemon 22.Ruta graveolens.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.Teucrium chamaedrys. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. Thymus praecox subsp. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. French thyme 2. 1. faced and capped with random. A low wall of brick. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. germander 7. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. Perovskia abrotanoides. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors.Pelargonium in variety. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. horizontally laid bluestone. too.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. arcticus 14. Russian 13. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. . encloses this plan. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.

trumpet vine 16.Campsis radicans. Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 5. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.angustifolia. lavender 3. lady's6.Melissa officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'.Galium odoratum.Hyssopus officinalis. witch hazel 18.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Thymus praecox subsp.-John'swort 17. lemon balm hyssop 12. blue 11.Santolina neapolitana 4. crimson creeping thyme 9.Viburnum cassinoides. lemon thyme 10.Hamamelis virginiana.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. St. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.

which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. However. box. < previous page page_28 next page > . Although this is not a large garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. lilac.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. holly. however. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. It is. Germander is a proper edging here. the shrubsyew. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

lady's. fringed wormwood 16. dwarf box 41.Satureja montana. sweet cicely17. rue 6. 21. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. blue horehound hyssop 3. orris 38. broom 40. Myrrhis odorata.Eloise & Jo Ray.Anemone pulsatilla. cottage pink 2. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Santolina pinnata 34. arcticus 'Albus'. Alchemilla vulgaris. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha requienii. 32. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf privet 48. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crimson creeping thyme 31. columnal yew 43.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Cytisus supinus. sweet albula.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus praecox subsp. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Chrysanthemum coccineum. woolly thyme 7. Simkins'. Heliotropium arborescens.20.Hyssopus officinalis. 26.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Thymus praecox subsp. lamb'sears 35.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. germander 36. 23.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Myrtus communis. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Salvia sclarea.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet violet 19. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white creeping thyme 37.Borago officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. clary 30. 9. Japanese holly 42. lavender 22. lilac 45.Stachys byzantina. Japanese holly 47.Iris × germanica var.Comptonia peregrina. santolina alpine pink 28. green 27. Corsican 24. gray sage savory 14. prostrate rosemary 13. white hyssop 4. Viola odorata. alpine strawberry 8. red creeping thyme 10. dwarf crested iris 39.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Thymus praecox subsp.Syringa patula.Ruta graveolens. classic myrtle 15. 12. mantle chamomile 5. winter 29. florentina.Chamaemelum nobile.Santolina virens.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. mint silver mound artemisia 25. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dictamnus albus.Artemisia camphorata. fraxinella 33. Marrubium vulgare. Japanese yew 44.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Salvia leucophylla. 18. 1.Iris cristata.Artemisia frigida.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.

The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. a running bond pattern. as is true here in the vegetable garden. This hedge. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. < previous page page_30 next page > . more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. an herb garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. Other paths are brick. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. and a vegetable garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. a cutting garden. the center of interest for the herb garden.

< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S.A. A. Landscape Architect. .L.

Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. helenium 4. 53. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Origanum majorana. sweet 51. yellow 35.Satureja montana. lavender 18. lemon 29. summer 34.Aloysia triphylla. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Lilium candidum. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. 32. 47.Ribes alpinum. York-andLancaster rose 16.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. Louise'.Stachys byzantina.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. plantain lily 2.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. white 'Bouquet'. dill wishbone flower 5. French thyme 7. 50. sativa. sweet marjoram 45. 55.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. lamb's-ears 49.Chrysanthemum × superbum.The number in each planting area is the key number. Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. green santolina 42.Santolina virens.Satureja hortensis.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Allium christophii. Aquilegia chrysantha. winter savory 44.Limonium latifolium. Achillea taygetea.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Artemisia dracunculus var. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. statice Solemacher'. alpine strawberry 3. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Digitalis grandiflora.Pelargonium in variety.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. yellow epimedium 15. purple basil Japanese holly 17. clary 46. 52. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . garden sage 56.Hemerocallis × luteola. 14. fraxinella 26. cottage pink French'.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Campanula persicifolia. 22. blue hyssop 43.Thymus × citriodorus.Helleborus niger. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Stokesia laevis. Dictamnus albus.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon 8. 37. columbine dwarf marigold 6. starsMaxima'. Anethum graveolens 23. pale 28.Polystichum acrostichoides. Christmas 48. blue iris 9. verbena rose chive 11. 1. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. candytuft Standard'.Ocimum basilicum 54.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. yellow 24. lemon thyme 40.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Galium odoratum. germander 39. double white peony of-Persia 12.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. bush basil 41.Origanum heracleoticum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Magnolia virginiana. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Teucrium chamaedrys. blue 27.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Salvia sclarea. Stokes' aster 31.

< previous page page_32 next page > . The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. While serving as a soil retainer. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. as in this case. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles.

Tanacetum vulgare var. . yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lamb's25. F. 1.45. lemon verbena 46. lady's43. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. English 44.Iris pseudacorus. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia.Alchemilla vulgaris.Mentha spicata.Aloysia triphylla.Allium schoenoprasum.A.A. spearmint 41. sweet 23. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Solanum pseudocapsicum. borage 26.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. crispum.R.Thymus × citriodorus. The number in each planting area is the key number. 42.Viola odorata. Stachys byzantina. Melissa officinalis. Borago officinalis. bee balm 24. Monarda didyma. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Iris cristata. Landscape Architect. Ocimum basilicum. lemon 22. 21.

Satureja hortensis.7.Nepeta cataria. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly mint 30. summer 32. Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage 36.Salvia officinalis.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. myrtle 58.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha × piperita var. pink hawthorn 16. absinthe English thyme 27.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. savory sativa.Quercus stellata. rosemary 9. Proliferum Group. salad burnet 10. rue 51. fennel 35.Dianthus caryophyllus.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. wild 39.Rosa × rehderana. southernwood 31.Cassia marilandica.Allium cepa.Petroselinum crispum var. Ajuga reptans.Salvia elegans. curly parsley oak 17. 56.Crataegus arkansana. 40. catnip 50.Anethum graveolens.Allium sativum. pineapple38.Cornus florida. carpet bugleweed 8.Origanum heracleoticum. garlic chive 48. Greek 53. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Artemisia abrotanum. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. 33.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. flowering dogwood 15. Porrum Group. leek 49.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 34.Marrubium vulgare. clove 55.Capsicum frutescens. Egyptian onion 11. citrata. post crispum 'Banquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet marjoram 28. orange mint 29. French tarragon holly 13. 52. pennyroyal 54. mullein chive 47. tabasco senna pepper 20.Artemisia absinthium.Allium ampeloprasum.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound neapolitanum.Mentha pulegium.Allium tuberosum.Vinca minor.Origanum majorana.Ruta graveolens.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 37.Elaeagnus pungens. 57. polyantha rose 12. Poterium sanguisorba.

mothproofing bags. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. Although this is a northeast exposure. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. However. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. < previous page page_34 next page > . and vinegars. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. sleep pillows. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox. Landscape Architect .

lettuce in variety 25. garden 'Purpurascens'. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Allium cepa.Ocimum basilicum 27. French gray santolina sorrel 8.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thuja occidentalis.Tsuga canadensis.Salvia officinalis. Hallock'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon 31. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . Santolina chamaecyparissus. Lactuca.Iris × germanica var. Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium fragrans. Proliferum Group. Roman 20.Alchemilla vulgaris. costmary 5. pot 28.Melissa officinalis. Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia elegans. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. bee balm 30.Allium schoenoprasum. 24. 49. 19. southernwood 9. tansy 16. Artemisia pontica. peppermint geranium 40.Galium odoratum.Allium sativum var.Satureja montana.Hyssopus officinalis . lavender 7.Levisticum officinale. crispum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. dwarf nasturtium 37.Allium sphaerocephalum.Rosmarinus officinalis. English finger-bowl geranium 38. florentina. lilac 32. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. French tarragon 10.Pelargonium tomentosum.Allium pulchellum 47.Laurus nobilis.Valeriana officinalis. Poterium sanguisorba. Ruta graveolens.Calendula officinalis.Mentha spicata.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. blue hyssop 35.Tanacetum vulgare. lily leek 44. 50. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. balm valerian 15. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Pelargonium graveolens. 23.Monarda didyma. round-headed garlic 46.Artemisia dracunculus var. rue 26. lemon 18.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Pelargonium × limoneum. sativa. 21. lemon verbena 36. 1. chive 43. winter 29. salad 22.Rumex scutatus. dwarf savory garden sage 13. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. anise hyssop 14. 'President Poincare'. orris 17.Agastache foeniculum. burnet lovage 6.Aloysia triphylla. Egyptian onion 42. nutmeg geranium 39.Salvia oficinalis.Hemerocallis. daylily in variety 41. 'Monge'. garden sage 2. purple basil sage 11.Allium moly. bay 48.Tropaeolum minus.

It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. < previous page page_36 next page > . shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. A simple knot. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Invasive. is the focus of the middle level.

Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf winter savory 2.Sempervivum tectorum. golden thyme . Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. foxglove 4. pineapplescented sage 47.Monarda didyma.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. salad burnet 23. sativa. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. French tarragon 44. Digitalis purpurea. white thrift 24. pineapple mint 22. horehound 46. thyme 3.Satureja hortensis.Salvia elegans.Foeniculum vulgare. Valeriana officinalis.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. houseleek 45.Marrubium vulgare. bee balm 26. 1. valerian 5. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Armeria maritima. summer savory 43. fennel 25.Poterium sanguisorba.

Lilium candidum. 54. Angelica archangelica.Foeniculum vulgare. sweet 50.Crocus sativus.Allium schoenoprasum. 30.Galium verum. winter bugloss 'Albus'. lavender Christmas rose 11. white creeping thyme aconite 14. annual clary 51. rue 31.Rosa chinensis.Eranthis hyemalis. absinthe 53.Salvia viridis. dwarf edging box 21.Hyssopus officinalis.Helleborus orientalis.Sium sisarum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. blue hyssop 57.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. white 58. sweet 37.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula angustifolia.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Alchemilla vulgaris. 40. yellow 41. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Chrysanthemum 36.Origanum majorana.Ruta graveolens. germander 56. dyer's woad 7.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. pot 35.Myrrhis odorata. garden 42. Dictamnus albus. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . sweet basil sage 27. pink 62. Madonna cicely lily 12.Calendula officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. English 52. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Galium odoratum. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Anemone pulsatilla. arcticus 55.Artemisia absinthium.Agrimonia eupatoria. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. angelica Lenten rose 10.Laurus nobilis.Ocimum basilicum. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. viper's 34. skirret 60. China rose comfrey 19. 39. parthenium.Levisticum officinale.6.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. rosemary 28. Isatis tinctoria.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. feverfew climbing rose 16. 38.Rosa eglanteria. 33. marigold chive 15. Salvia sclarea. 61.Helleborus niger.Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Echium vulgare.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. clary 48. fraxinella 8. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. pink 59.Symphytum officinale. sweet 32. French'.

and the shagbark hickory. However. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. There is variety in this plan. < previous page page_38 next page > . even though space is limited. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Carya ovata. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast.

Landscape Architect . Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.

dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. citrata. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. Adiantum pedatum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. borage Petroselinum crispum. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. French Galium odoratum. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. Aloysia triphylla. box Buxus sempervirens. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. angelica Mondarda didyma. valerian Rosa damascena. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. Marrubium vulgare. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. Canada Isatis tinctoria. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. lamb's. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. stewardsonii. sweet basil Satureja montana. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. box Carya ovata. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. chive Ilex opaca.Galium verum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. Asarum canadense. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. box Ruta graveolens. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. rue Cornusflorida. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. germander Agastache foeniculum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Poterium sanguisorba. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. red mint . dogwood Salvia sclarea. flax Buxus sempervirens. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. green santolina Primula veris. sativa. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. Artemisia absinthium. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety.Arisaema triphyllum. rosemary Anchusa officinalis.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

too. However. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. For this appearance. first intended for the construction of a cottage. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. A singular statue of St.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. is on a sandy knoll. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. < previous page page_40 next page > . Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. a dipping pool there. A clump of birch here. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. it is open on the side facing the house. unplanned look was desired. this excavation. An informal. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Origanum onites. peppermint 47.Convallaria majalis. wild 51. rose bergamot valerian 25. Iris × germanica var.Angelica archangelica.Anethum graveolens.Poterium sanguisorba.Betula papyrifera. 30.Origanum vulgare. rose geranium 10.Anthriscus cerefolium. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. red mint 48. 1. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. French'.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha pulegium. 63. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Pelargonium tomentosum. feverfew 27.Lavandula angustifolia. apple mint 49.Consolida orientalis. rue 29. 70.Artemisia abrotanum. 31.Nepeta cataria. 12. 68.Mentha × gentilis. 32. pineapple3. 58.Ocimum basilicum.Armeria maritima.Digitalis purpurea.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. 36. blue 2. Sempervivum tectorum.Ajuga reptans.Marrubium vulgare.Satureja hortensis.Hyssopus officinalis. Johnny-jump-up54. lemon 35. chive crispum.Chrysanthemum 80. Ruta graveolens.Tanacetum vulgare var.Santolina florentina.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 59. sea onion angelica 24. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 69.Rosa 'Merry England'. 75. 77. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 65. thrift55.Vinca minor. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. white birch English lavender parthenium.Digitalis grandiflora. celandine cicely 18. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Melissa officinalis.Glechoma hederacea.Teucrium canadense. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. purple basil 9. myrtle 14.Stachys byzantina. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. mint 50. bee balm .Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Satureja montana.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 38. 52.Petroselinum crispum.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Viola tricolor. 'Prostratus'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium crispum.Allium favum lovage 22.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Monarda didyma. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Levisticum officinale.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Chelidonium majus.Pulmonaria officinalis. 33.Pelargonium denticulatum. gray scented sage santolina 4.Thymus herba-barona. Thymus praecox subsp. 53.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium quercifolium. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. marsh 42. Artemisia dracunculusvar. spearmint 45.Mentha suaveolens.Mentha × piperita.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis. catnip 73. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Salvia elegans.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. orange geranium 11. 76. 64.Althaea officinalis. orris chamaecyparissus.The number in each planting area is the key number. pennyroyal 46. 34. garden sage lungwort 57. 79. winter savory 20. 60.Pelargonium graveolens. fern-leaf tansy 23. creeping juniper 26. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Myrrhis odorata. 61.Achillea tomentosa. wild 43. pot 66. sweet 71. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 67.Urginea maritima. 72. lemon balm 44. 78. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. golden 37. 8.Coriandrum sativum. 74.Valeriana officinalis. woolly thyme 13.Monarda fistulosa.Pelargonium odoratissimum.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

Foundation stone. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. and the two small trees. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. the same as the smokehouse construction. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. They are clustered around the smokehouse. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. the accents of the six large box. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Because of the edging box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. is used for the wall. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. making it more a part of the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage.

S. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L. A. .A.

44.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. 21.Ocimum basilicum 32.Crocus. 40. sweet cicely45. 1. box 'Citriodorum'. white 23. species in variety crispum. lady's. sweet 26.Lilium candidum. Dictamnus albus. blue angelica lungwort 20.Crataegus laevigata. Pelargonium graveolens.Angelica archangelica.Chrysanthemum 28. 47. Asarum europaeum.Galium odoratum. dwarf edging box 14. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. Origanum majorana. 22. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 'Purpurascens'.Mentha × piperita var. balsamita. lovage 46.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.38. lemon 34. European ginger 4. sweet 37. 27.Levisticum officinale. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Allium giganteum.Aloysia triphylla.Buxus sempervirens. bee balm 29.Ocimum basilicum 30. rosemary 3. spearmint 48. 41.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia frigida.Viola tricolor.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Fritillaria imperialis.Myrrhis odorata.Pulmonaria officinalis. 35. verbena English thyme 5. winter 42.Melissa officinalis. summer 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha requienii. lemon 36. Corsican 33. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Prunus domestica.Mentha spicata. balm citrata. 39.Mentha × piperita. fringed 43. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Alchemilla vulgaris.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. orange mint 19. Rosmarinus officinalis. purple basil sativa. 31. crownbasil savory imperial 11. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum 24. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. Symphytum officinale. pineapple mint 18. Satureja hortensis. lemon basil 15. English 'Minimum'.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Satureja montana.Tanacetum vulgare var.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum. fraxinella 17.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. sweet marjoram 2.

although it is ample at four feet. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Lowgrowing. a soil retainer. The dipping bowl. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. < previous page page_44 next page > . creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. pink of Dianthus. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. too. the dwarf box edging. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. This is true also of the stone curbing. This hedge. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. two specimen shrubs. Instead. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens.

L.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. . Landscape Architect. A.S.A.

Compactus'. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. Thymus doerfleri. white 42.Mentha × piperita var. rue25. Madonna 63. Origanum majorana.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Salvia sclarea. 49. gray 22.Nepeta mussinii. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Aloysia triphylla.Anemone blanda. tulip citrata. 2.Dicentra spectabilis. 61. 58.Heliotropium arborescens.Pelargonium in variety. golden thyme41.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 54.Tulipa clusiana. angel's-tears 59.Tulipa kaufmanniana. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Angelica archangelica. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 43.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Digitalis grandiflora.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. 53. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. thyme 29. 50.Helleborus niger.Satureja montana.Crocus speciosus.Borago officinalis.Lilium candidum.Allium christophii.Santolina virens. green santolina 37. 52.Mentha spicata. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Thymus herba-barona. 45.Narcissus triandrus var.Galanthus nivalis. lamb's-ears 28.Crocus tomasinianus. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Cimicifuga racemosa.57.Pelargonium in variety. lily.Mertensia virginica. black cohosh windflower 15. arcticus 34. arcticus 30. 56. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. Spanish bluebell 16.Crocus kotschyanus. angustifolia 'Nana'. 26.Ocimum basilicum. clary 32. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet 47. borage 31. American 38. lemon 33.Helleborus lividus subsp. 'Lanuginosus'. 1. Salvia officinalis. 17. 20.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Allium giganteum angelica 11. Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 55.Hamamelis virginiana. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Narcissus asturiensis.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 44. catmint 35. lemon 60.Sternbergia lutea.Leucojum aestivum.Teucrium canadense.Myrica pensylvanica. 36. caraway thyme albus. 46.Levisticum officinale. orange mint 8.Mentha × piperita.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. sweet 27. Stachys byzantina. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. marjoram crocus 7.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. prostrate rosemary 18. 51. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Crocus angustifolius. winter savory 39. 40.Galium odoratum. verbena snowflake 19. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. spearmint 48. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Convallaria majalis.

Second. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. First. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The results have been most satisfying. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Morning sun warms it early. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone.

Salvia sclarea.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1. The number in each planting area is the key number. woolly thyme 3. tulip 45. wild celery 42. 25. marigold 41.Tulipa tarda.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.Salvia officinalis.Tagetes 'Lulu'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. crocus 44. Origanum heracleoticum. A. absinthe sativa. 26.S. sweet basil 23. garden sage 4.Crocus sieberi. . Porrum Group. Ocimum basilicum. leek 46.Artemisia lactiflora. Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. lemon 21.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Apium graveolens. Beauty'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.L. Thymus × citriodorus. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Artemisia absinthium 24. Landscape Architect. 'Lambrook Silver'.A. French tarragon 5.Allium neapolitanum. clary thyme 22. English thyme 43.Allium ampeloprasum.

Petroselinum crispum var. fraxinella 36. Viola odorata.Lobelia siphilitica.Santolina virens.Ribes sativum.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. 58. 54. lamb's-ears 52.Dianthus × allwoodii. blue 38. catmint 53.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Origanum majorana.Allium senescens var.Artemisia camphorata. white evergreen azalea 16.Aloysia triphylla. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Tropaeolum minus.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. lovage 34.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. Robert verbena Brydon'.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . red currant gray santolina 13.Levisticum officinale. lobelia Sherbert'. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. lemon 50. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Digitalis grandiflora.Achillea filipendula 60.Dictamnus albus.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 29.Aconitum napellus.Cornus florida. great 31.foxglove 7. curly parsley 20. yellow 55. 56. monkshood upright yew 17.Ilex opaca.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Ipomoea alba. pink 30.Hyssopus officinalis. American elderberry 15. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Malus hupehensis.Stachys byzantina.Asclepias tuberosa. sweet 37.Galium mollugo. 8.Rosmarinus officinalis. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. 32. butterfly 47.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. pale 49.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. dogwood 19. green 40. 39.Nepeta × faassenii. Lavandula angustifolia.Clematis 'Mrs.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. weed chive 48. clematis 11. viola holly 18. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. alpine 28. American marjoram Yellow'.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

A birdbath of copper. even though the growing area is not extensive. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The four herb beds. an impression of Sol in it. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. repeats again the octagonal form. Well-drained as they are. are raised with bricks on edge. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Semple.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Mentha × piperita. peppermint 4. angustifolia. white creeping thyme 12. 42. lemon 30. lamb's-ears 17. catmint 6. 28.Aloysia triphylla. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. thyme salad burnet 40.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Pelargonium denticulatum. Galium odoratum. 19. French 26. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French tarragon 7.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Salvia sclarea.Allium schoenoprasum. Anethum graveolens. purple variegated garden sage 36. Artemisia dracunculus var. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. bush basil 23.Allium tuberosum. sativa. English thyme horehound 2. sweet basil 22. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple basil 24. Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 41.Santolina 25.Salvia officinalis. rosemary 33. 27. Artemisia absinthium. orange santolina geranium 11. 1. sweet woodruff 9. heliotrope 31. spearmint southernwood 5.Marrubium vulgare. golden variegated garden sage 38. Stachys byzantina. absinthe 20. lavender pine geranium chive 13. silver mound artemisia 8.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium tomentosum. rue 35.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. curly mint 3.Petroselinum crispum var. gray 'Prince of Orange'. curly parsley 32.Ocimum basilicum.Ruta graveolens.Joan E. crispum. dill 18.Nepeta mussinii. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Pelargonium graveolens. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . clary 21.Pelargonium crispum. lemon 39.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clove pink 10. 16. 43. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. variegated garden sage 37.Thymus × citriodorus.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosmarinus officinalis. lavender 15. prostrate rosemary 34. 29.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula dentata.

too. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. if neither is available. < previous page page_52 next page > . One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose geranium. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. a toolhouse. rose. A birdbath may replace the pool. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. A suitable fence. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. lemon verbena. and lantana are a few.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Aloysia triphylla. Thymus praecox subsp.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. lemon thyme 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina chamomile 14.Artemisia absinthium 11. Landscape Architect.A.Pelargonium frutetorum. bush basil 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The number in each planting area is the key number.L.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Tanacetum vulgare var. A. verbena ambrosia 4. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Chenopodium botrys.Thymus × citriodorus. woolly thyme 15. 9. lemon 10. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Santolina virens. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Chamaemelum nobile. lavender 3. crispum.S.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. heliotrope 21. zonal geranium 19. fern-leaf tansy 8. geranium 16. 1. white creeping thyme 2.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. 7. 13. rosescented geranium 17. zonal geranium 18. absinthe 'Minimum'. green 12.Origanum majorana.Rosmarinus officinalis. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.

spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Angelica. These can easily obliterate a design. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. box. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. a deep mauve to others.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. As the snows melt. but the design itself has endured forty years. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Box and holly enclose it all. apothecary's rose. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. mints. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. The dwarf box frames the focal point. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. artemisias. the design is clearly traced. a sundial.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Stachys byzantina.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. daffodil 17.Sempervivum tectorum. skirret 53. 59.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. southernwood 2.Santolina neapolitana 36.Thymus praecox subsp.Astrantia major.Artemisia camphorata. crimson creeping thyme 18. 62. lamb's-ears 33. Pelargonium in variety. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Iris × germanica var. Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop 42.Pyrus communis. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Paeonia officinalis. Santolina virens.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Arisaema dracontium.Artemisia absinthium. rue 23. bush basil nettle orpine 4. clove pink 29.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. alpine 60. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 26. Tropaeolum majus. butterfly weed35. orris 57. garden sage Christmas rose 10. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Origanum onites.Asclepias tuberosa. valerian 6. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. 'Albus'. feverfew 14.Perillafrutescens. nasturtium 28.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Lilium candidum. green.Helleborus orientalis. pot bergamot marjoram 7. blue 50.Myrrhis odorata.Galium odoratum.30.Buxus sempervirens.Thymus praecox subsp. scented.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Dianthus caryophyllus. Graham.Taxus.Armeria maritima. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Sium sisarum.Melissa officinalis. French thyme Madonna lily 16. germander 43. lilac 70. dwarf edging box 21. arcticus 38. 56. apothecary's rose lavender 20. piney 44.Lamium album. 58. gray 37. Rosmarinus officinalis.47.Lavandula angustifolia.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. winter savory 32. green santolina 24.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. florentina. marjoram lungwort crispum.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 1. arcticus 39. white 66. rosemary 25. masterwort 69. grape fennel 19. dyer's woad 9. fern-leaf tansy 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. orris box 22.Syringa. bronze 64. chamomile 31. white dead 49. houseleek Lenten rose 11. absinthe 34.Allium schoenoprasum.Symphytum officinale.Vitis.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet 27. 48. yew Beauty'.Sedum telephium. Canadian burnet 13. thrift 41.Alchemilla alpina. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Isatis tinctoria.Thymus praecox subsp. lady's-mantle 46.Monarda fistulosa. arcticus 40. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Valeriana officinalis.James D. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Helleborus niger.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Lavandula dentata. weld 54.Foeniculum vulgare. 65. white creeping thyme French'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 55. perilla 51.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pulmonaria officinalis. wild 52.63.Reseda luteola. sweet woodruff45.Alchemilla vulgaris. 67.Teucrium chamaedrys. Origanum majorana.Asarum europaeum. Satureja montana.

and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. rising from the courtyard. However. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. They are small specialty beds. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. include this one. Rosa 'Albertine'. The large. At the top of the steps. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. The brick edging around each bed is a help. In addition to the brick edging around each. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. pink. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. < previous page page_56 next page > . even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. but no panacea for the maintenance required. If there is room for only one rambler rose. with buds of red. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath.

lavender 4.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. lemon balm 42. bush basil 43.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. angelica 20. rhubarb 2. foxglove 39. garden sage 40. English thyme . Carum carvi. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Tanacetum vulgare. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. tansy Bois'. alpine strawberry 3. caraway 24.Borago officinalis. 1. winter savory 41. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Melissa officinalis. Angelica archangelica. 22. Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus × citriodorus. subsp.Rheum rhabarbarum. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. 23.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana.

R. 54.R. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Lavandula dentata. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . cheddar pink 53.'Albertine'. citrata.Aloysia triphylla. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. lemon 51. French 33. borboniana 'La Reine 14. var.R. thyme frutescens.Salvia elegans. geranium in 30.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. centifolia var.Marrubium vulgare. 35.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. salad 7. prostrate rosemary 16.sativa. Hyssopus officinalis.Chrysanthemum 46.Chrysanthemum. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. 29.R. sweet 37. 31.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. bourbon rose 10.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. muscosa 15. blue hyssop 25. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. musk rose 12.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. Pelargonium graveolens.Laurus nobilis.Calendula officinalis. French'.Tagetes filifolia. centifolia 'Cristata'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. pot 50.Chenopodium 55.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Poterium sanguisorba.Origanum majorana.R.Anethum graveolens 47. curly parsley 26. marguerite chive 9. rose 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.'Baronne Prevost'. clove pink Mammoth'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Dianthus Victoria'. 56.Chrysanthemum balsamita. silver 27.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Satureja hortensis. Consolida ambigua. 36. Irish-lace 48.Teucrium chamaedrys. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. centifolia. pineapple34.R.Mentha × piperita var. 45.R.R.6. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Pelargonium. 49. Mexican tea 18.

Beautifully precise and symmetrical. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Balance is augmented. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. < previous page page_58 next page > . by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. too. It is near the house. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Laid in an unusual pattern. as it should be. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana.Santolina virens. English thyme signet marigold 11.Aloysia triphylla.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. English'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. lavender 2.Anethum graveolens. santolina moss rose 7. gray 15. green 22.A.Myosotis sylvatica. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. dill 9. sweet basil 14.Salvia officinalis. Landscape Architect. A. 20. 19. 16.S.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 23. double white peony 5. chive lemon verbena 6.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.L. The number in each planting area is the key number. heliotrope 3. Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . rosemary yellow viola 10.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 4.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 13.Ocimum basilicum. 24. 17.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Heliotropium arborescens. 21. arcticus 'Albus'. 1.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Poterium sanguisorba. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. dwarf edging box 8.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Satureja hortensis.

The pattern is symmetrically geometric. and a comfortable. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. winter pruned. the fence with roses. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. potted lemon verbena. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Herbs. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. too. < previous page page_60 next page > . The grape vines. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and the grape arbor.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. conical yew rosemary 1. lovage Myrrhis odorata. lemon Linum perenne. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Galium odoratum. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Connecticut Vera Breed. 3. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'.Amsonia tabernaemontana. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. marsh climbing rose. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . purple variegated garden sage 4. Valeriana officinalis. three. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Stachys byzantina. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Aloysia triphylla. Iris cristata. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. sweet climbing rose. Teucrium chamaedrys. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Nepeta mussinii. Althaea officinalis. BED II germander BED IV 2.

lemon Anemone hybrida. catmint 5. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 9. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. beach Marrubium vulgare. lavender 10. Sempervivum. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Thymus. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. tuberosa 6. houseleek in variety 7. angustifolia 'Munstead'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Delphinium × belladonna. Thymus × citriodorus. fairy rose Giant'. Chamaemelum nobile. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. plume Baptisia australis. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. creeping thyme in variety 8. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.

A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Another angle could be tried with these. blue green. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. its detail is shown below. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. if desired. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Either it flourished too well. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Herbs. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. grew too large. planted in bands across these beds. tend to broaden the width of the garden. magnolia. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . this was replaced with ''edging" box. Later. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. and bright green in the herb beds. holly. silver. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. myrtle. Ivy.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

bee balm30. winter 'Purpurascens'. spearmint 42. 6.Teucrium chamaedrys. lime geranium 4. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. lovage 48. arcticus 'Albus'. box chamaecyparissus. tansy 45. 44. purple basil savory 35.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet woodruff 36.Laurus nobilis.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Hedera helix.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. American holly 31.Melissa officinalis. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. white creeping thyme 41. French 27. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. woolly thyme 8.Buxus sempervirens 14. ears rose geranium 3. 33. thyme 38.Myrica pensylvanica. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Thymus doerfleri.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Vinca minor.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . borage 26.19. dwarf edging box 11. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. bush basil albula.Origanum majorana. Ruta graveolens. 25. salad 43. lemon 29. Ocimum basilicum 24. dwarf 21.Levisticum officinale. horehound germander 17.Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha suaveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Ilex opaca.Lavandula angustifolia. Borago officinalis. silver-king artemisia 23. Ocimum basilicum 22.Satureja montana. sweet 34.Thymus carnosus.Tanacetum vulgare. 49.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. English'. Stachys byzantina. French thyme 39.Magnolia grandiflora.Galium odoratum. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. bayberry balm thyme 13.Rumex scutatus. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha spicata.Monarda didyma.Chamaemelum nobile. 'Minimum'. bay rosemary 12.Thymus herba-barona. English thyme chamomile 2. lemon 46. gray santolina 15.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium × nervosum. purple garden sage 7. 28. rue 20. English ivy burnet 10.Artemisia dracunculus var. caraway thyme 40.Marrubium vulgare. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. myrtle 47.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium fragrans.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 1. thyme 37.Artemisia abrotanum. lamb's. Tropaeolum minus.

Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. adding to the space for walking. brick. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. and treessome of which are espaliered. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. potted shrubs. It is a large garden. maypoles. Laurus nobilis. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. It is located for the best viewing. too. standards. < previous page page_64 next page > . as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. accent this prime focal point even more. The use of flagstone. There is variety in the walks. The four potted bay. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. too. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves.

love-in. 26. Johnny-jump.acerifolium. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.Chenopodium botrys.P. 1.Chrysanthemum balsamita.50.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. apple English thyme up geranium 3.P. 49. winter 27.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.53.P. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . 25.odoratissimum. lemon 29. wild 28. Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Nigella damascena. Satureja montana.Viola tricolor. musty oakscented geranium 5. pot 52. 51. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.quercifolium.P. fragrans.

44.Malus. lemon southernwood geranium 34. Chamaemelum nobile. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. lemon balm 45.Achilleafilipendula. camphor-scented geranium 69. French tarragon Rose'. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. garden sage 54.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola odorata.Fragaria vesca.Livingston'.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha pulegium.Poncirus trifoliata. strawberry 48. crispum 'Minor'.Laurus nobilis. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. blue hyssop 10. lime geranium 55.Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum majorana. radens. bee balm 63.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. glutinosum.P. 64.Anethum graveolens.Salvia caerulea. crowfoot 70. white creeping thyme geranium 68. pine crispum.P. horehound 46. tomentosum. parsley 35.Mentha. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. box 19. sweet 37.P. lemon 47. graveolens.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. lemon 65. rosemary 9.Thymus serpyllum. rose geranium66.Foeniculum vulgare.Origanum dictamnus.Melissa officinalis. bay 20. English lavender 32. orange geranium 23. 57. fern-leaf 'Nana'. forsythia 'Albus'. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.P.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. salad 42. crispum. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .72.Pelargonium crispum. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. arcticus43. lettuce 40. dill 36.P. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.P.P.Artemisia abrotanum. classic 21. lettuce 39. pheasant's.Aloysia triphylla. golden lemon thyme 7.P. lemon-rose geranium 22. fern-leaf 60.P. bronze 38.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon geranium 56. cherry tomato chive 17.Myrtus communis.× nervosum.P. Rosmarinus officinalis. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Salvia officinalis. 62. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. denticulatum 11. lemon geranium 33.Artemisia dracunculus var. chamomile 8.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.6.P. 58.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Levisticum officinale.Allium senescens var.Thymus praecox subsp. wild thyme 31. denticulatum. 61. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. 41.Acorus calamus. 71. sweet flag 16. peppermint 67.Petroselinum crispum.Malus angustifolia. Hyssopus officinalis.Forsythia.Monarda didyma. radens 'Dr.Tanacetum vulgare var.P.

green santolina. and Allium karataviense. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. In keeping with this feeling. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. < previous page page_66 next page > . This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The result is one of sculptured elegance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. too. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Santolina virens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis. apple mint 13.Florence B.Artemisia frigida.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. fringed 7. blue hyssop 16. gray 10. Baker. green santolina 14.Thymus × citriodorus.Liriope muscari. big blue lilyturf 12. arcticus.Allium christophii. winter savory 9. Artemisia dracunculus var.Foeniculum vulgare. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. garden sage 18. 15. wormwood fennel 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf garden 17.Levisticum officinale.Allium moly. 8.Allium sativa. 1.Salvia officinalis. chive 4. French tarragon schoenoprasum. Mentha suaveolens.Salvia officinalis. lemon 11. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Satureja montana.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

and for the lavender when its bloom is past. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. < previous page page_70 next page > . for the box after new spring growth. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. and the front porch of the house. the square. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Many herb gardens could provide this. the upper deck. the circle. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

viola 3.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. 1.Satureja montana. dwarf edging box 7.Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 2. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Cedrus deodara. lavender 5.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf myrtle 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. Italian cypress 9.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. winter savory 4.Cupressus sempervirens. lemon 8.

" as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Roses. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst.. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Coin with Tudor rose design. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. as it was with this plan. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. from Peter Coats. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Paths are gravel. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Fumaria officinalis. Eryngium maritimum.Melissa officinalis.Anemone pulsatilla. chamomile 4.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia. wild thyme 5.Calendula officinalis. English daisy 36.Iris pseudacorus. earth 24. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. 34. clove20. monkshood27. 22. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Satureja montana. yellow flag 26. spearmint 30. 1. Chamaemelum nobile. lemon balm 31.Carum carvi. lettuce 28. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Ruta graveolens. 25.Aconitum napellus.Bellis perennis. rosemary 16.Rosmarinus officinalis.Petroselinum crispum. 19. Thymus serpyllum. saffron lily crocus 12. winter 32. fennel 21.Lilium candidum. absinthe peppermint 8. parsley 29. caraway 35. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Primula vulgaris. rue 33.Crocus sativus. blue hyssop 2.Buxus sempervirens. sweet marjoram 3. pot marigold 15. Origanum majorana.Lactuca sativa. Hyssopus officinalis.Myrtus communis.Primula elatior. oxlip 17.Crithmum maritimum.Viola odorata. Madonna 23. Dianthus caryophyllus. classic myrtle 18. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. salad burnet 10. Foeniculum vulgare.Mentha × piperita.Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata. sweet violet 6. Malva sylvestris.Fragaria vesca.Poterium sanguisorba. mallow 13.

silver mound. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. white. its tufted.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. but Always Love. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. However. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. white blooms and woolly. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. spurred. along with a measure of fragrance." Concrete blocks. Selected for this reason. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. plumed. most of the blooms are nightscented.

Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. silver 16.Marrubiam vulgare. Santolina chamaecyparissus. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Thymus 'Argenteus'. horehound 2. Dianthus 'White Lace'. silver mound artemisia 3. lamb's. 'Albus'.Lilium candidum.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. sweet 31.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Galium odoratum. 17.Galanthus nivalis.Dictamnus albus. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.19. white . white 32.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. petunia 30. Stachys byzantina. pink 15. 1. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.

lily-ofthe-valley 11.Artemisia stellerana. 25.Ipomoea alba. rose 41.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. lavender 12.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Convallaria majalis. western mugwort 7. beach mugwort wormwood 9. dame's honesty rocket 14.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Malus 'Guiding Star'. daffodil 35. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. sweet violet 20.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Lunaria annua. tulip 38.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. white stock absinthe 10.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. orris 8.Polianthes tuberosa.Artemisia ludoviciana var.21. clary 24. tuberose 36.Rosa 'Cinderella'. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. white 22. Artemisia absinthium.Salvia sclarea. 23. Artemisia lactiflora.6.Matthiola incana. 28. moonflower 39. needle florentina. Adam's. Yucca filamentosa. Viola odorata.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia ludoviciana. 26. rose 40. white 27.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. albula. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Hesperis matronalis. tulip 37.

This herb garden. textures. required their use as an educational adjunct. too. Rather. related to an old mill reconstruction. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. and fragrances usually considered characteristic.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. Many of these herbs lack the hues. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. < previous page page_76 next page > . for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

Musa textilis.Dipsacus sativus.Agrimonia eupatoria. French 33. onion China jute 4.Isatis tinctoria. 26.Reseda luteola. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. 34.Mahonia aquifolium. African 45. 53.Prunus persica. golden 40. woad Susan laevifolium.Pteridium aquilinum.Chelidonium majus.Furcraea hexapetala.Filipendula ulmaria. sisal 27. saffron crocus marguerite 3. alkanet 52. 43.Morus rubra or alba.Monarda didyma.46. fuller's 30.Rumex obtusifolius.Cotinus coggygria. kenaf dock dockmackie 5..Viburnum acerifolium.Ligustrum vulgare.Carthamus tinctorius.Anthemis tinctoria.Rubia tinctorum. 48.Genista tinctoria. peach bracken sorrel 19.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. flax 21. queen.Tagetes patula. 22.Cladrastis lutea. 47. barberry teasel woodruff 12. stinging nettle44.Hypericum perforatum. black-eyed 50. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Urtica dioica. dyer's broom safflower 6. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Cytisus scoparius. Scotch broom hemp 7.Phytolacca americana.Indigofera tinctoria.Sanguinaria canadensis. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Crocus sativus. 28.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. dyer's 31. sumac poke 17. yellow 55.Coptis trifolia. 29.Solidago species. Manila 25. weld 57. bee 36.Parmelia conspersa. garden 56. 35. sweet 49. Boehmeria nivea.51. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Anchusa officinalis.Genista germanica. Gossypium hirsutum. Agave sisalana. Linum usitatissimum.Berberis vulgaris.Polygonum hydropiperoides. broad 42.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 23. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. madder 54. privet marigold 15. St. Agave fourcroydes.Allium cepa.Galium odoratum. 32.Tagetes erecta. goldthread 41. ramie 24. Abutilon theophrasti. blueberry 13. 20.Galium verum. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Hydrastis canadensis. 1. lily. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Rhus typhina. Hibiscus cannabinus. Sansevieria trifasciata. 39.Coreopsis tinctoria. 37.Rumex acetosa.Convallaria majalis.Rudbeckia hirta.38.

This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A totally appealing edging. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Elsewhere.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. < previous page page_78 next page > . as well as the roses. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. a sundial surrounded by the dainty.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

Legras de St. Alfred de Rougemont'. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'White Rose of York' 3. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 18. 22. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 25. 'Belle Amour' 6. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. cl. 'Mme. 'Sombreuil'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Mignonette' 5. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 24. 'American Pillar'. 1. cl. 'Seven Sisters'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . rambler 20. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. cl. 23. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Queen of the Prairies'. rambler 19. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14.

but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. Circles and angles provide interest. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. The notch of four square feet. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

A. scorodoprasum. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.B. cepa Proliferum Group. graveolens var. celery Bed 9. kohlrabi Rock'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. annuum 'Fips'.A.B.C. oleracea 'Prima'.A. leek 5.A.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. 25. giant garlic var. 45. 24. red 37. celery I 31. 40. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.B.B.B. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. C. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.Cichorium intybus. tuberosum. cherry tomato 34. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. 22. melongena 2. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.B.C.A. Beauty'.C.B. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. chive 42.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 39. graveolens 'French Dinant'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. annuum 'Nosegay'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.L. Petroselinum crispum var. dulce 'Utah 5270'.S.C. white-flowered kale 49. red 38. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.A. sprouts celery 8. annuum 'Mosaic'. 26. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. crispum 'Banquet'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. 28. red-flowered kale 6. annuum 'Black Prince'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.Solanum melongena var. eggplant 43. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. C. annuum 'Variegata'. pear Purple Vienna'.S. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 29. annuum 'Teno'. schoenoprasum.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.B. 32. Capsicum annuum var. dulce 47. C.A. graveolens var.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.C. 27. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.sativa 'Ruby'. oleracea 'Green Parade'. annuum 'Red Boy'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.C. melongena 1. graveolens var.B.esculentum 'Long Black'. garlic chive 44. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.B. ruby swiss chard var. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.A.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.Apium graveolens var.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. 30. C. C.L.B. C. dulce 50. annuum 'Pinocchio'. shallot Lakes'. Boerner. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.A. oleracea 'Red Acre'. C. celery Group. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. curly eggplant parsley 23. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. 48. lycopersicum var. annuum 'Golden Bell'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.

Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. When viewed from the terrace above. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. arcs. All of the circles. for each is a complete entity. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. winter savory. and golden thyme. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Landscape Architect. 12. 15. grossularioides. Santolina chamaecyparissus.' lemon geranium 23.P. A. rose-scented geranium 4. × domesticum 6.P. scabrum. oak-leaved geranium 16. lime geranium Rose'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 29.P.P. odoratissimum.A. gooseberry geranium 24. 1.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P. rose geranium 27. peppermint 26. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. crispum 'French Lace. Teucrium chamaedrys. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. graveolens. P.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. P. 19. inkberry geranium 9.S.P.Melissa R. apricot geranium28.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. radens 'Dr.P. The number in each planting area is the key number. germander crowfoot geranium 21. golden 11.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P.P. Santolina virens.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. Livingston'. Satureja montana. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. 17. lemon geranium 22.P. crispum. orange geranium 8. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. Marshall.× fragrans 'Variegatum'..× nervosum. maple-leaved 18. P.L. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.Myrica pensylvanica.P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.Ilex glabra. acerifolium. winter 13. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. pungent-scented geranium 25.P. green 14. tomentosum.P.P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. Assoc. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .

Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. closed knot design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. sand. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. For the knot to look its best at all times. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates.Santolina virens. Its interspaces can be mulched.Lavandula angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis. filled with plants that have contrasting color. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. especially when it is blooming. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. and growth to the plants of the knot design. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. or marble chips. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. was planted using edging box only. Maintenance is high for a knot. such as a dwarf edging box. on page 37. English lavender 2. texture. 1. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. blue hyssop 3. which is framed with a brick edging. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. To ease the care for a more complicated design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. .

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . dwarf edging box 4. 1. arcticus 'Coccineus'. green santolina 2.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp.

garden sage dwarf edging box 6. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. purple variegated 11. rosemary creeping thyme 2. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. The knot material is maintained at six inches.T. 'Munstead'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. 1. creeping thymes. the height of the edging.Thymus praecox subsp. praecox subsp. 8. fig 4. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. lavender Japanese barberry 5. variegated garden sage . Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. which are confined to that area. caraway thyme 9. herba-barona. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. Rosmarinus officinalis.T.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. white 7.officinalis 'Tricolor'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Some maintenance is required for clipping. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.S. In another departure from the usual. arcticus 'Albus'. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. which is found more often out in the open. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Teucrium chamaedrys. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.

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The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. lavender .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Teucrium canadense. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. American germander 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. gray santolina 2.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.

Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. each one a quarter-circle. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. which are also laid on edge. again laid on edge. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. a complement for the colors of the plant material. pleasing color. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. < previous page page_88 next page > . The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. adding another facet to an appealing design.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. 16. golden marguerite 25.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Allium senescens var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rue 21.Helichrysum angustifolium.Marrubium incanum. silver horehound 19.Thymus 'Argenteus'. blue sage 13. French lavender 3. candicans. lavender 5.Salvia clevelandii. curry plant 7.The number in each planting area is the key number.Anthemis tinctoria.Crithmum maritimum. lavender 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 2. tree germander 22. lavender 8. Russian sage 24.Leontopodium alpinum. grenadin pink chamomile 4. tree artemisia 26.Lavandula dentata var.Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. dwarf gray santolina 20.Santolina neapolitana 10.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. 17.Anthemis marschalliana. dwarf 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Teucrium fruticans.Artemisia arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1. silver thyme 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus × caryophyllus. angustifolia 'Rosea'. 18. glaucum 11. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Artemisia frigida. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. silver sage 15.Salvia argentea. woolly yarrow 23.Perovskia atriplicifolia. fern-leaf yarrow 27. samphire14.

Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. are without number. and the savories. Some are rosemary. oregano. If one is familiar with herbs. < previous page page_90 next page > . Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. As with other plant material. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. lady's-mantle. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. which include hanging baskets. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. sweet marjoram. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. The color of the container plays a lesser role. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. basil. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Styles of containers. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. thyme. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs.

It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.

visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

Of course supervision is necessary. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.S.L. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.A. A. However. < previous page page_95 next page > . Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. If children's interest is not sustained.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. LandscapeArchitect.

If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Children in this age group can help with the construction. too. they are easily handpicked. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Instead of benches on the patio. These are ''old roses. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. < previous page page_96 next page > . Just keep a garden design for children simple. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area." selected for their greater fragrance. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio.

< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A.L. A. Landscape Architect.S. .

pot marigold 8.Artemisia camphorata. English lavender 7.Origanum majorana. neapolitanum. Italian parsley 23. ophioscorodon.Satureja hortensis.Anethum graveolens. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Dianthus plumarius. clary 25. 19.Allium sativum var. American 21. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa damascena.Allium tuberosum. English lavender 4.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium moly.Allium senescens var. ambrosia 2. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . lovage 12. love-in-a-mist 14. damask rose 32.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. summer savory 22.Salvia sclarea. Nigella damascena.Calendula officinalis.Rosa gallica. glaucum 31. Levisticum officinale.Nepeta cataria. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 16.Chenopodium botrys. alpine strawberry 3.The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. garden sage 24. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. cottage pink 18. dwarf 6. 13. lily leek 30. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. crispum.Isatis tinctoria. Petroselinum crispum var.Marrubium vulgare. Borago officinalis.Salvia officinalis. catnip 27. dill pennyroyal 11. borage 15. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Hedeoma pulegioides. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Lavandula angustifolia.Tropaeolum minus. garlic chive 29. southernwood 5. horehound 26.rocambole 28. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 20.

< previous page page_98 next page > . not noted on the plan. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. The oval.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. previously used as a skating rink. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. are a seal and a turtle. All are inviting to the touch. The sculptures. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy.

R. F. Landscape Architect.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .A.

fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. Allium schoenoprasum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. borage Tanacetum vulgare. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. fleabane Stellaria. dog violet Lemna. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. coltsfoot Mimulus. winter savory Mentha. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. Nepeta cataria.Hedeoma pulegioides. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. Foeniculum vulgare. English Tussilago farfara. marigold Salvia officinalis. bee balm Satureja montana. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. fat-hen Primula veris. lousewort Viola canina. bee orchid Erigeron. chamomile Mentha. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. mint Galium odoratum. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. cowslip Linaria. mint Tagetes. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. duckweed Antennaria. Trifolium pratense. tansy Monarda didyma. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. chive dandelion Allium sativum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. Greek Stachys byzantina. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys.

Still. its wooden structure long gone. and old barn beams another about the same height. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. an exceedingly long one. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. for an old barn foundation of stone. Instead. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. < previous page page_101 next page > . makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. it is a most satisfying growing situation. feverfew. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Its plant list. a mint. A number of wooden window frames. are superb for displaying potted herbs. developed particularly for study. Here. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. in a climate like this it can be of critical import.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Their height eases the task of weeding. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. apple wormwood geranium 8.Angelica archangelica.A.Pulmonaria officinalis. pallasianus. caraway thyme 103.A.O. lemon 52. viper's 65.Digitalis lanata.Campanula persicifolia. marsh mallow 13. mosquito plant 19.T.Valeriana officinalis. golden marjoram 26. majorana. 54. 61. rose costmary campion 23. yarrow herb Robert 4. pink 58.Agastache cana. golden lemon thyme 99.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet celandine marjoram 28. sweet 53.49.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Euphorbia cyparissias. 48.T.Plantago major. lemon thyme 100. crispum.T.Veronica serpyllifolia.Geranium robertianum. 43. beach 47. basilicum 'Minimum'. pontica.P. rosemary 82.S. 45.Poterium sanguisorba.Stachys grandifora 93. stellerana. purple variegated garden sage 85.T. officinalis 'Aurea'.-John'swort 91.Artemisia dracunculus var.Tanacetum vulgare var.Hypericum perforatum. 'Purpurascens'. winter savory 88. bee balm lovage 20.Calendula officinalis. wild lemon basil ginger 16. 60.Acinos alpinus. St. × citriodorus. garden sage 84.Chrysanthemum balsamita.A. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Ranunculus ficaria. praecox subsp. lesser 67.Echium vulgare. bee balm57.Galium odoratum.Agastache foeniculum. woolly thyme 101. betony 92.T.Stachys officinalis.A. absinthium.A.T. balm horehound 14. golden thyme 98.Hyssopus officinalis. creeping veronica . abrotanum. golden variegated garden sage 86.Viola tricolor. 62.Althaea officinalis. Roman 46. 44.O. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Marrubium vulgare. crimson creeping thyme 96.Ocimum basilicum. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Teucrium chamaedrys.Satureja montana.Calamintha grandiflora. pot marigold 25. graveolens. Grecian 59. 50. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. absinthe 51. catmint 63. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. alpine savory 89. sweet 41. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.T. sweet cicely 94.S.Ruta graveolens.S. celandine madder 79. onites. nitidus. wormwood germander 9. tomentosum. thyme 102.Rubia tinctorum. herba-barona. 64. 'Clear Gold'.O.Levisticum officinale.Genista tinctoria.Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. 55.Thymus praecox subsp.M.O. camphorata. arcticus 'Albus'. foxglove cypress spurge 21. odoratissimum. plantain 80. angelica lemon geranium 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. skirret 90. calamint valerian 24.Sium sisarum. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. lemon verbena 106.Chelidonium majus.Nepeta mussinii.Pelargonium crispum. white creeping thyme 97.Viola odorata.P. southernwood ground cherry 10. variegated garden sage 87.Myrrhis odorata.T.P. silver thyme 105.Achillea millefolium. purple basil English lavender 18. praecox subsp. camphor. French tarragon geranium 7.Asarum canadense. rose sativa. odorous thyme 104. didyma 'Rosea'. richardii subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris.Lychnis coronaria. 42.A. fern-leaf tansy 95. sweet violet 40. southernwood houseleek 12. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Campanula rapunculus. basil blue hyssop 15. rampion 81. 66.Digitalis purpurea. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.O.Sempervivum tectorum. basilicum 56.T 'Argenteus'.Physalis heterophylla. foxglove 2. rue 83. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 1.

M. chicory 70.Lysimachia vulgaris.M. 114.29.A.Cichorium intybus. red mint comfrey 33.Mentha suaveolens.Origanum dictamnus.Veronica officinalis. 76. × piperita var. blattaria.Laurus nobilis.cepa.Origanum vulgare. dyer's woad 110. spearmint 107. oxeye daisy mullein 36. ostrowskianum 34.Myrtus communis. suaveolens 'Variegata'. pin cherry 39.Oenothera biennis. Proliferum Group. tree onion 112. curry plant mullein 35.Allium sativum. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Chamaemelum nobile.Yucca filamentosa.Helichrysum angustifolium.Anthriscus cerefolium. chamomile 30. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .A.V. pineapple mint 31. citrata. orach115.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 71. cowslip 72. veronica 108. feverfew cinerariifolium.Prunus pensylvanica.Chrysanthemum 78. × gentilis. spicata. garlic 111. moth 113.Primula veris. 73. chervil 68. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Verbascum thapsus. yucca 109. orange mint 32. Madonna lily leucanthemum.M. apple mint 69. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Atriplex hortensis.Symphytum officinale.Isatis tinctoria.Lilium candidum.Chrysanthemum 74. wild 116.M.Dianthus plumarius 75. evening 77. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.

Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A wheelshaped bed. A statue of St. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. its outline constructed of brick. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. < previous page page_104 next page > . With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. but not obvious. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. of good proportion for the size of the opening. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. Francis. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. white Justicia carnea. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Eleocharis dulcis. Sidney Ephedra viridis. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. cat Watsonia rosea. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. AREA IV Ixia maculata. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA VI japonica. loquat Cichorium intybus. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Cestrum nocturnum. menthifolia. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. potato Brassica eruca. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. labdanum Cistus crispus. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. only those not found on other lists are noted here. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. poet's Solidago californica. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. lion's-ear prismaticum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. Vetiveria zizanioides. Eriobotrya japonica.

< previous page page_106 next page > . Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. not only for hardiness where needed. to name a few. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. emphasizes the circle. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. another a Mary garden. scented-leaf geraniums. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. The exterior brick path. but also for proper leaf size.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. and a third a culinary garden. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. or potpourri. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. One is a garden of legends. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. is a center of interest. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. an "old rose" and fragrant. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

1.Salvia officinalis.Ruta graveolens. black 23.19.Alchemilla vulgaris. absinthe 4. dill 11. English ivy rosemary 8. chamomile 3. pot 26. Viola tricolor.Lamium album. angelica 2. chive bedstraw 16.Allium schoenoprasum. flax 17. Angelica archangelica. pyrethrum 5. 27.Calendula officinalis.Crocus sativus.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Narcissus mustard 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Hedera helix. rue 28. costmary 6. white dead 24. hyssop rose 9. spearmint 22.Galium verum.Rosmarinus officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. yellow 25. English thyme 13.Ornithogalum umbellatum. blue 18. sweet marjoram basil 12.Mentha spicata. Linum usitatissimum.20. Anethum graveolens. Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana.The number in each planting area is the key number. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. lady's. garden up sage 10. Artemisia absinthium.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Brassica nigra. saffron crocus marigold 7. Chamaemelum nobile.Ocimum basilicum. Johnny-jump. sweet 21.

No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. < previous page page_108 next page > . and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.

absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. Myrrhis odorata. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. bay Echeveria × imbricata. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. sweet Myrtus communis. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. thyme Cnicus benedictus. beach Monarda didyma. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Russian 'Prostratus'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. perennial flax Galium odoratum. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. lemon balm Mentha spicata. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Cotinus coggygria. blue Lamium maculatum. fastigiata. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. clove Marrubium vulgare. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. rue Malva alcea var. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. peppermint Laurus nobilis. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Artemisia absinthium. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'.

they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. Appropriately used as accents. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. and huge. The generous use of edgings. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. < previous page page_110 next page > . features a closed knot of superior design. Viewed from the terrace garden. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. This is a general rule observed. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. millstones. simply on a smaller scale. too. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner.

Routine clipping is required. The number in each planting area is the key number. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Santolina virens.S. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. 'Tiny Rubies'. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. gray santolina 7.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.L. of greater size than is commonly found. six feet in diameter. germander 2. has its size dictated by a rule of design. angustifolia 'Munstead'. cheddar pink 4. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. lavender 5. that of good proportion.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architect.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and the mulch. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.A. green santolina 6. A. blue hyssop 3. dwarf box .

Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. plum Prunus maritima. dogwood Pinus nigra. goat willow Sassafras albidum. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. box Myrica pensylvanica. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. box Calycanthus fioridus. honey locust Cornus florida. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. shadbush Salix caprea. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. japonica. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > .Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. quince Magnolia virginiana. black haw Prunus americana. beach plum Corylus avellana. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin.

As a rule. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. and a miscellany of others. Lavandula. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. Currently. 'Argenteus'. 'Long-leaf Gray' T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. silver thyme T. Salvia. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. doerfleri T. leucotrichus T. caraway thyme T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. praecox subsp. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. arcticus 'Rosea' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. However. praecox subsp. Rosmarinus. arcticus T. herba-barona. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. its plant material varied. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. 'Doone Valley' . 'Annie Hall' T.

T. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. guaranitica. praecox subsp. dentata. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. sweet lavender L. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. ramie . angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia subsp. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Prostratus'. angustissimus. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. praecox subsp. purple variegated garden sage S. vulgaris 'Albus' T. crimson creeping thyme T. woolly thyme T. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Aurea'. greggii. officinalis 'Purpurea'. blue sage S. angustifolia. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. English lavender L. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia subsp. leucantha. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. involucrata. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. golden rosemary R. golden thyme T. pine-scented rosemary R. 'Clear Gold'. autumn sage S. heterophylla. anise sage S. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans.

edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Primarily. which were located between the water supply. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. a well beside the house. to lure bees. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. L. Physostegia virginiana. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. used in salads or boiled. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . balmony. horsetail. for scrubbing pots.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Sium sisarum. family needsmedicinal. Herniaria glabra. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Hesperis matronalis. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Cheloneglabra. constructed of brick made on the property. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Equisetum arvense. Prunella vulgaris. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The house. The apple trees. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Circumstances determined these priorities. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Smith. obedient plant. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. to sweeten the air. rupturewort. culinary.

this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. < previous page page_116 next page > . Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. for a few are in use now. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. too. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. while functional. Today. too. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

southern laciniata. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. Cape jasmine 10.Lagerstroemia indica.Allium sativum. trumpet 11. 15.Wisteria frutescens. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. bay 7. rosemary 2.Prunus angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pinus taeda. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. fig 6.Sambucus canadensis.Laurus nobilis.Malus angustifolia. Banksia rose 14.Ficus carica. wisteria 13.Syringa × persica var.Lonicera flava. 16. garlic 9.Lonicera sempervirens.Punica granatum.Rosa banksiae. yellow 12. 1. pomegranate 3. Gardenia jasminoides. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.

They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. < previous page page_118 next page > . Appropriately. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. too. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Italy. The effect would be quite different without them. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Rosmarinus officinalis. 50.Ocimum basilicum.Levisticum officinale. 70. dill 39.Borago officinalis. hyssop sassafras 20. blue 46. horsemint lobelia 23. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. peppermint 52. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. 66.Armoracia rusticana. pot 48. 61. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 30.Crocus sativus. bay lavender wintergreen 21. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Artemisia dracunculus var.Paeonia officinalis.Asclepias tuberosa. 38.Nepeta cataria.Ilex opaca. blue 44.Dianthus caryophyllus.Acorus calamus. gray santolina witch hazel 11. senna woodruff 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus. box chamomile 9. 37.Artemisia abrotanum. saffron crocus 25.Lonicera sempervirens.Mentha pulegium.Hyssopus officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Calendula officinalis. 60.Dipsacus sativus. yarrow lungwort 22. yellow-root 7.Ilex vomitoria.Populus balsamifera.Ruta graveolens. white periwinkle spicebush 13. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Colchicum autumnale.Hypericum perforatum. myrtle 53. dogwood horehound 18.Buxus sempervirens. mullein 49.Lilium candidum.Pinckneya pubens. 42.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Chimaphila umbellata. bee balm 28. balm autumn crocus 2. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. 33.Symphytum officinale. borage 31. peony 51. 68. 54.Punica granatum.Verbascum thapsus. agrimony 58. 55.57. clove 36.Rosa laevigata.Agrimonia eupatoria. great 47. 43. basil chive 3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chamaemelum nobile. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Monarda didyma.Teucrium chamaedrys.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Marrubium vulgare. catnip 34. yaupon pink southernwood 12. St. spearmint 62.Hamamelis virginiana.Lobelia siphilitica.Vinca minor. lovage 35.Sassafras albidum.Lindera benzoin.Galium odoratum.Anethum graveolens. sweet 64. black 29.Tanacetum vulgare.Cimicifuga racemosa. foxglove 41. 63.Foeniculum vulgare.Elizabeth Lawrence.Mentha × piperita. rue 56.Achillea millefolium. 1. sweet 27. garden sage 59. sweet flag marigold 24.Cornus florida.Calycanthus fioridus.Melissa officinalis. American holly 16. 45. fuller's teasel 67. lemon 26.Allium schoenoprasum.Rubus allegheniensis.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis. fennel 40.Lavandula angustifolia. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. butterfly 32.Digitalis purpurea.Asarum virginicum. sativa.Gaultheria procumbens. wild ginger69. tansy 65. sweet shrub 10.Cassia marilandica.Mentha spicata.Monarda punctata. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.

Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. < previous page page_120 next page > . the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. preventives. This is true for the remedies.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. and fragrances they developed. of herbs for one loaf of bread. In any event. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. 1 T. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount.

black haw 23. lavender lovage 3. Calendula officinalis. foxglove 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha spicata. pot marigold 2.Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum. horsemint 20.Papaver somniferum. caraway 19. quince 24.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Levisticum officinale.Monarda punctata.Artemisia absinthium. apothecary's rose 22.Tanacetum vulgare.Pyrus communis. opium poppy 5.Nepeta cataria. spearmint 17. blue hyssop 21. 1. tansy 11. garden sage 8.Viburnum prunifolium.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lavandula angustifolia. English 10. winter savory 4. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Marrubium vulgare. sweet basil 13. English thyme rosemary 7. horehound 15. catnip 16.Rosmarinus officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. 14.Mentha × piperita.Carum carvi.Cydonia oblonga. sweet marjoram 6. absinthe 9.Salvia officinalis. peppermint 18.Satureja montana.

the other 1761. Thus it was for this garden. The beds are used to achieve balance. to study it. Some could be used singly. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. for example the large square bed with circular path. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. from early Moravian settlements. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and bricks raise the beds. often it is reconstructed. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. The main paths of brick unify the garden. and if the best has not always survived. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. makes it something of a focal point. < previous page page_122 next page > . and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. Shaded by hop vines. Allowed such freedom of expression. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. one dated 1759. centrally located.

Landscape Architect.A. .S. Campbell.L. A.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.

Cornusflorida.Colchicum autumnale. absinthe 45. hyssop maypop 42. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Levisticum officinale. English 78.Bellis perennis.Mentha spicata. virgin's bower 40. blessed thistle 8. comfrey 33.Origanum majorana.Anethum graveolens.Tropaeolum majus.Crocus sativus. spearmint 57. English thyme 2. 81.Petroselinum crispum. cabbage angustifolia. 66. daisy crape myrtle 23. dwarf nasturtium 13. elecampane 11. yarrow 4. 52.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Symphytum officinale. black cumin 46. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Salvia officinalis. basil moss rose 44.Rheum rhabarbarum. columbine 29.Artemisia abrotanum.Passiflora incarnata. holy thistle 58. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Narcissus poeticus. rue 14.Marrubium vulgare. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Lagerstroemia indica. sweet 71. lemon 64.Artemisia absinthium. 68. Carolina jessamine 38.Hydrangea quercifolia. 1. clove 53. feverfew southern magnolia 27. lavender rose 21. borage 5. balm chive 37.Hyssopus officinalis.Inula helenium. hollyhock 51.The number in each planting area is the key number. marsh mallow 7. Madonna lily 59.Asparagus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Atriplex hortensis. corn poppy 79.Nepeta cataria. dill 73.Salvia viridis. orach 76.Amaranthus caudatus. horehound 56. 48.Althaea officinalis.Narcissus tazetta. autumn crocus 34.77.Nigella sativa.Rosa gallica.Cnicus benedictus. damask coriander rose 19.Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary49.Lilium candidum. clary 30.Humulus lupulus.Alcea rosea. cockscomb 47. 54.Tropaeolum minus.Saponaria officinalis. chamomile 17.Rosa roxburghii.Vitis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium schoenoprasum.Coriandrum sativum. 80.Rosa damascena.Foeniculum vulgare. sorrel 65.Carum carvi. French rose 18.Allium sativum. betony 82.Ficus.Rosa eglanteria. madder 16. fennel marjoram 28.Rubia tinctorum.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Armoracia rusticana. stock 50.Pulmonaria officinalis.Gelsemium sempervirens.Clematis virginiana. caraway 72. lovage 9. 74.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Consolida ambigua. rhubarb 10. garden nasturtium 12.Cercis canadensis.Aquilegia vulgaris.Chrysanthemum parthenium. annual clary 3. blue 69.Magnolia grandiflora. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. poet's narcissus 61. grape larkspur 41.Rumex acetosa. hop southernwood 39.Matthiola incana.Rosa moschata. polyanthus narcissus 60. garlic lungwort 36.Salvia sclarea. blue 63. catnip 70.Stachys officinalis.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Borago officinalis. red pepper 20. mugwort67.Mentha × piperita. eglantine Group.Artemisia vulgaris.Dianthus caryophyllus.Papaver rhoeas.Achillea millefolium.Ruta graveolens. sweet 55.Rosa centifolia.Melissa officinalis. asparagus 31. parsley 32. love. redbud 24.Tanacetum vulgare.Celosia cristata. garden sage 15.Chamaemelum nobile.Silybum marianum. 62. chestnut rose 43. tansy 6.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. First. The next most desirable exposure. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. The lesser the scale. Calluna (heather). All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. the western. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. far from the house. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Thus. and the north point is established. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). Usually this is least desirable. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Although some observations may seem obvious. even boggy. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. A ravine and existing. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. it is proper to make a trial run. This space was never adequate.

One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. < previous page page_126 next page > . and the search did not take long. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. another is close to the rear of the house. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. certainly not precisely the same. but it need not be identical. 127 indicates. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. all four sides are so determined. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The general outline is similar. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. single bed. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. It was a pleasurable assignment. The. as the drawing on p. The outline is fixed. a driveway on still another. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Indeed. and the property line on the last. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The new herb garden has been located. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. There is the housegarage structure on one side.ground where drainage is better. Then. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs.

forming the outer boundary of the service path. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. Two drawings were required to work out problems. If all is well. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. If. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. something is amiss. as in this case. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. With the plan established. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. In fact. There was no . it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. then north. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. In addition. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. this low wall will enclose the garden area. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

a lapped joint was fashioned. and the finished edging would be effective. However. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. However. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. In this area. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. A structural edging was in order. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. not one completed in a weekend. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. this was. eight. Before edgings could be put in place. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. admittedly.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. In the earlier stage of planning. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. the eight-foot length was more practical. At corners. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. the site required some leveling. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. . however. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. In this case. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. The old turn-around stone made it necessary.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

This method of treatment now guarantees . This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. this same base underlies all the paths. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. A choice of five colors was available. but there are exits to different levels. filling the beds with soil was next. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. selected for its simplicity. The pattern is running bond. had been proof of that. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. The latter need to be more substantially paved. sand. Paving for the terraced area is brick. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Unfortunately. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Weeds. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. could serve this purpose. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. One is the ramp to the driveway. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. for they will likely have more traffic. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. leaves. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Heavy black plastic. Aged compost.

worth the added cost. even bed for the pavers. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. on a trial run of one course of brick. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. However. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area.

for it would interfere with the drainage system. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. French drains. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. learned about decades earlier. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. . since that path borders the house. Herbs have flourished in the beds. In this instance." their construction can be somewhat varied. converging where it was logical to do so. Sometimes called "rubble drains. the terraced area.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. and the steps to other levels.

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for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. sixteenths of an inch. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. albula. having a variety of gradations. is symmetrical. often a wall or trellis. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . and so on. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. hundredths of an inch. E EllipseAn oval. twelfths of an inch. in tenths of an inch. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. for example. for example. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. in inches. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. a garden plan. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. and so on. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. not necessarily referable to botanical species. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. casts the shadow for the hour. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Its arrow points north and. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation.

loose. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. G GazeboA freestanding. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. turf. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. Pea gravelSmall. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose.3. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. or colored earths. ForthrightA straight course or path. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. heated especially by fermenting manure. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . GrindstoneMillstone. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. also called rubble drain. M ManufactoryA factory. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. its compartments filled with flowers. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Usually a few inches thick. roofed structure usually open on the sides. a flat. rounded fragments of rock. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects.3).brick) in the same course. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. a patterned garden. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings.

rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.

and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. walls. or steps. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. TreillageLatticework for vines. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. snug fit for walks. ranking between species and variety. called also a hose cock. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. cutting. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Turf seatBanked-up earth. W Wall. Stone. < previous page page_132 next page > . V VarietyA category below species. not treelike or with a single trunk. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. R Rose. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. often planted with aromatic herbs. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls.

1958. 1957. 1966. Green Enchantment. 1971. Herbsfor Every Garden. Kent: The Herb Farm. Gertrude B. Sevenoaks. ed. Garden City: Doubleday. Terrace. 1961. Bardswell. New York: Crown Publishers. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden..C. London: Macmillan. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Robert Lee. 1982. Helen H. Harriet Ballard. Julia S. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Frances A. 1977. London. Baumgardt. Prof. Dutton & Co. John E. L. New York: Hawthorne Books. Brownlow.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. New York: Viking Press. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Greenwood. Edlin. Park's Success with Herbs. and Garden. Cross. Putnam's Sons. London: Country Life. 1970. Clarkson. New York: Simon and Schuster. Bailey. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. S. The Cultivated Basils. . A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 1951. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Sydney: B. Daniel J. New York: Viking Press. . L. Herbals.. 1976. Doran & Co. Behme. . Foley. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. and Louden. Henry. 1973. Brookes. Liberty Hyde. 1966.: Buckeye Printing Co. Charlotte. Carpenter. Foster. Independence. Sylvia. Margaret E.. 1944. Darrah. Crowe. Batsford.: Geo. Erichsen-Brown. H. Alice Morse. 1902. Jot. Seal.. 1972. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Fox. Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan. New York: Macmillan. Aurora. Roses. and Accessories. Toronto. 1980. How Plants Get Their Names. Foster. John. London: Adam and Charles Black. Beston. 1935. Staff of. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Room Outside. Agnes. John Philip. New York: Macmillan. Coats. Berrall. British Plants.. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Bailey Hortorium. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Book of the Geranium. New York: G. 1911. Helen Morgenthau. 1933. Herbs and the Earth. P. 1951. 14701670. New York: Dover. H. The Herb Garden. New York. 1980. Mo. 1979. 1942. The Small Garden. Complements. The Garden (An Illustrated History). 1972. London: Marshall Cavendish. Gertrude B. Rosemary F. New York: Macmillan. Peter. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. London: Saturn Press. P. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Earle. 1938. Flannery. W. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Hanging Plants for Home. New York: E. Garden Design. Park Seed Co. 1963. 1971. Rosetta E. T. 1962.

Ireys.C. Elizabeth.) Rohde. 1973. ed. Frederic. 1946. M. New York: Viking Press. (1st American edition trans. < previous page page_133 next page > . Italy. Lathrop. Pa. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Helen K. P. New York: Van Nostrand. 1978. Wynnewood. Muenscher. 1970. 1975. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Roses of the World in Color. New York: Dover. Dorothy Bovee. Vicenza.. 1961. New York: Macmillan. Eigel. Brown & Co. Grow and Enjoy. Pozza. 1911.Garland. Books. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. and Chiltoskey. 1981. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Franco. New York: Doubleday. New York: Macmillan. Alice Recknagel. 1951. Johnson. Mary U. and Back. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Myron. Alma. Robert. Mass. London: Faber and Faber. Co. Simmons.. chemist. 1971. Waltham. 1938. New York: Crown Publishers. 1974. C. Shaker Herbs. Kiaer. and Synge. George H. Boston. Dutton & Co. 2d ed. 1969. 1964. and Rice. Horace. Ann. Walter. Amy Bess. Toronto: Little. Lawrence. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1959... Adelma G.: Herald Publishing Co. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. A Biblical Garden. A Garden of Herbs. Johns. Claire. New York: Macmillan. Sylva. 1974. Vegetable Dyeing. Moldenke. How to Landscape Your Grounds.. Leighton.. 1976. New York: E. Herbs. Harold N. Hamel. Cherokee Plants. 1952. The Art of Dyeing. New York: Clarkson N. Frances. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Roy. Hay.. Jones. Jr. 1966. Philippa. 1975. Landscaping with Vines. Howard. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. New York: William Morrow & Co. and Alma L. Miller. McFarland. Eleanour Sinclair. Carol. New York: Harper & Bros. Modern Herbal. Boston. Lesch. The Berry Book. The Book of Spices. How to Select. Edited by Clarence Elliott. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. and Brunello.. Patrick M. Lerner. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Mrs. J. 1981.: Livingston Pub. New York: William Morrow and Co. Bernard Hickey. Paul B. 1983. Neri. 1979.. Geraniums for Home and Garden. P. N. Norma Jean. A. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Grieve. M. Krauss. Flowers of the Field. Hendrickson. Rev. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Claire. New York: De La Mare. . Loewenfeld. Sarah. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications.. Loyal R. 1970. 1969. 1976. New York: Dover. Rosengarten. Tucson: H. Division Billboard Publications. Loewenfeld. 1971..: Chronica Botanica Co. Early American Gardens. 1972. 1982. The Herb Garden. Gardens in Winter. Potter. Lawrence. London: George Routledge & Sons.. Plants of the Bible.

James C. Zohary. A. Diane C. Singleton. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Climbing Roses Old and New. Tarantino. Jr. Stearn.A.. Thomas. Meyer. Ingersoll. London: Phoenix House. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Rev.. Winthrop G.A. Martin. 1931. L.L. Cozart. Mrs. 1953.The Old Shrub Roses. The Shakespeare Garden.. Robert G. Baker. George. Mrs. Virginia B. Mrs. New York: Doubleday. New York. Boerner. Malcolm. Morss. Wilson. and Bell.L. Martha Dahlen. ed. William W.. The Fragrant Year. Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1975. Weber. Mrs. . L. Z. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them.: Garden Way. Mr. Michael.. Madalene Hill.A. Mrs. Rhoda Specht. Landscape Architecture.. 1965. L. Louise Beebe. Lamm. Smith. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. A. Paxton. Mrs. Wilder.A. A. Mrs. Mrs. Neil Hamill Park. Elizabeth Lawrence. Alfred L. William Radler. Benjamin McF.A. William T. Vivian.. H. Helen Noyes. Charles L. T. Mrs.. . L. F. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Jo Lohmolder. Griffin. L. L. London: Phoenix House. John Poinier.A. Austin R. Donald Paxton.. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Price. Stearn.. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.. L. 1979. Mrs..A.A. Peter M. Sandy Hicks. Plimpton. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Keebler. James D.. Melissa R. Mrs. Webster.A. L. Henry Gund.A..S. Barbara Capen. Nelva M. Bynam. New York: Bobbs-Merrill.. 1967. Shrub Roses of Today. 1982. L. 1979. 1976. Linda. John Ormsbee. 1972. Straus. Vt. Jack Emil Geist. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Giroux. Helen Van Pelt. New York: Farrar. Marshall. Robert K. Raymond V. Martin's Press. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Yang. New York: Simon & Schuster. Herbs in the Garden. Mrs. Plants of the Bible. W.. 1942. Moffit. Pees. Philip Batchelder. Katherine S. 1972. Mrs.D. Leonie. New York: St.A.A.. Maxton Davies.. ed. Norman. Vera Breed. Leonard Dreyfuss. L. Graham. Onward and Upward in the Garden. 1966. Thacker. Mrs. Mrs. 1961.A. L.A. Jr. C. Herbert G. William T. Martin's. Mrs. William C. New York: Dover. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.S. Mrs. Jr. Taylor. New York: Simon & Schuster. Sherry D. Bates. 1953. W T. A.. 1979. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Bradner. The Fragrant Garden. Container Gardening Outdoors. Charles Patch. Indianapolis. Susan W. 1957. L. New York: St. Mrs. Elisabeth W. New York. Mrs. L. New York: McGraw-Hill. Revised by Dr.R. Boston: Ralph T. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. Bleecker. McGarry. Amy Bess Miller. Marion E. Taloumis. Christopher. New York: Hafner.. Esther. and Mrs. White. Hammond Crawford. Frank M.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Graham Stuart. The History of Gardens. Stuart. Berkeley Brandt. New ed.A. William Y Dear. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Bush. Charlotte.A. 1972. Mrs. New York: William Morrow & Co. Botanical Latin. 1974. Mrs.A. George T. Campbell.A. and Robert B. L. Fragrance in the Garden.. . Mrs.L. Margaret Osborn Holt. Hines. Building Stone Walls. Gannaway. 1976. A.S. .. 1962. Mrs. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Associate. Hale & Co. John. Mrs.

Gayle. Joe H. < previous page page_134 next page > . Harper. Lansing. Mrs. Greenland. Tullie Smith House Restoration.. Pawtucket. Inc. L. Elbert Smith. Smith (Ann Leighton). L. Mrs. Winston-Salem. Mansfield. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Kingwood Center. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Roberts. Christopher Spencer. Matthew Miksch House. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. N. Ga. Ohio. Eloise andJo Ray. L. Frederick E. The following provided historical. Talbot III. Mrs. Joan E. Mass. G. Mrs. Linda Yang. Faith H. L. Mrs. John A.. Mich. Walter Rebmann.. University of Michigan. Wayne County Extension and Education Center..A. Eric Duke Scott.. Atlanta Historical Society. Booker Worthen.. Milton C.Rady. Shaker Community. James F. Mrs.I.A. Mrs. Mrs. Wilcox. N. Western Reserve Herb Society. Ohio. R. Inc.. Jean Ruh. James S. Plain Dealer Photo. Little Rock. Wisc. Skinner.. Isadore L... Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Hancock. Mich. Semple. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Edmund G. Ark. Weeks Brick House. Whitman. Milton Stricker. Hales Corners. Atlanta. Rose.A. Cleveland. Linda Yang. Timothy Procter Ruh. civic. Derthick. Helen M. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.H... Hancock Shaker Village. and Mrs. Lawrence Schetky. N. The Country Doctor Museum. Old Salem. Michigan State University. Mrs. Nathan Sameth. Christopher Rady. Ann Arbor. L.. Boerner Botanical Gardens... Swanson. Architect. Bailey. Mr. Old Slater Mill Museum.C.C.A.

A. E. Myrrhis odorata. officinalis. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. C. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. A. azoricum.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. A. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. maritima L. barbadensis A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Narcissus triandrus. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis.

G. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. officinalis. Monarda didyma Crataegus.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. M. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. ludoviciana var. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. grandiflorus Melissa M. podagraria Asparagus A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. laevis Rhododendron . albula A. officinalis Populus. V. melongena var. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. false Galium aristatum. lycopersicum. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. Solanum aculeatissimum S. F. acerifolium. P. P. S. Lamium album Viburnum. V. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. schmidtiana 'Nana' A.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. alpina 'Alba' A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. chrysantha Symphytum S. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. vulgaris A. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. oleracea. B. Mertensia virginica. angustifolia. P. coronaria . M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster.

vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. V. C. N. alpinum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . B. M. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. B. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Italian D Daffodil M. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. V. coronaria. alpinum R. sativum R. macrocarpon.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. angustifolia. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. M. maculatum G. verna. pseudonarcissus miniature N. ioensis Vaccinium. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea.

Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. frutescens C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. x superbum Hemerocallis. obtusifolius Rumex R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. lilioasphodelus. lilioasphodelus H. D. T officinale Bellis. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. H. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. triphyllum . Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Chrysanthemum frutescens. obtusifolius R. Sansevieria. rivieri. crispus. Ferocactus latispinus. Hosta H. A. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. A. C. R. acetosa.

Senecio cineraria. N. pungens Sambucus S. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Helichrysum. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. gymnocarpa. Lychnis coronaria. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. azoricum Nigella. Gnaphalium. S. damascena. N. Antennaria. Centaurea cineraria. C. C. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. N. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. arvensis.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. ragusina.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

L. perenne .× germanica I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica Corylus C. usitatissimum L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. A.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. versicolor. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. I. O. regalis Adiantum. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. carica F. P. I. Osmunda.

P. odoratissimum P. lutea Allium sativum A. × germanica Myosotis M. neapolitanum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . I. sphaerocephalum A. × hortorum P. sativum var. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. lanata D. Pelargonium. Fumaria C. tuberosum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. purpurea D. × limoneum P. scorodoprasum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. grossularioides P radens P. quercifolium P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea.

× nervosum P. T. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. × jatrophifolium P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. A. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. T. canadense. pratensis . tomentosum P. crispum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. capitatum P. tomentosum P. × citrosum P. A. officinale Z. quercifolium P. glutinosum. abrotanifolium P. canadense T. graveolens P. Tragopogon. Z. denticulatum P. chamaedrys T. P. scabrum P graveolens P.

vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. C. C. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. torquata E. Vitis monticola. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus .Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. M. V. nervosa V. Oxalis deppei. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. trifolia Cordyline terminalis.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

majalis Liriope. Ophiopogon L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Sempervivum Lobelia L. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. G. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lythrum. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. W. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. C. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Pulmonaria . triacanthos G.

patula Calendula officinalis T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. Malva. C. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. M. grandiflora M. Malva. lucida . moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. pedatum Hibiscus. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia.blue M Mace. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. tenuifolia T. A. erecta T. M. erecta T. erecta T. alcea var.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

majorana O. R. citrata. citrata M. aquatica var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. dictamnus O. × piperita var. major. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. O. requienii M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. suaveolens M. A. Spiraea alba.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. suaveolens 'Variegata' . Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. crispii M. majorana O. vulgare O. piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium. vulgare O. S. vulgare 'Aureum' O. × piperita var. onites O. citrata M. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. citrata M. Astrantia.

Myrrhis odorata. alba Verbascum. Azolla caroliniana. M. Myrtus. × gentilis M. thapsus V. olympicum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. vulgaris A. Umbellularia californica. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. communis. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. V. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. lactiflora Morus M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. V. A. rubra M.

poeticus N. V. majus T. minus T. P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V. tazetta Tropaeolum T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa .N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. album L. nudum.

Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. A. fragrans O. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Proliferum Group A. hortensis A. fistulosum A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. Castilleja californica. fistulosum Atriplex. vulgare var. florentina. telephium Iris × germanica var. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. Scilla verna. C. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. cepa.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. S. fragrans Allium. cepa A. O. A. cepa. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. I. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum.

P. crispum var. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. A. P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . neopolitanum Pastinaca. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. A. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. pulsatilla Passiflora P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. patens.

annuum. C. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. album Ranunculus ficaria . retroflexus. annuum. Longum Group C. Grossum Group C. C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. Chenopodium. roseus C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Longum Group cone green C. annuum. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Piper C. frutescens C. annuum. Longum Group Capsicum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. annuum. paniculata P. C. A. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P.

cisatlantica Musa acuminata. officinalis Dianthus D. angustifolia var. umbellata var. C. P. P salicina P angustifolia. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. alpinus D. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. umbellata var. taeda P. nigra P strobus P taeda P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. taeda Chimaphila. watsonii P maritima P. americana . plumarius D. gratianopolitanus D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. plumarius. Silene laciniata. Plantago P. × paradisiaca. caryophyllus D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Prunus japonica. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. M. C.

canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. P. S. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. rhoeas P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. balsamifera P. vulgare Lithospermum. E. carnea Phytolacca americana P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. biennis P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. 0. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. L.

C. Diplotaxis. pepo Portulaca.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. A. rhabarbarum R. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. coccineum C. pepo C. canadensis C. Hesperis . C. R. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. sativum var. P. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum.

× borboniana R. damascena R. banksiae R. chinensis 'Minima' R. spinosissima R. moschata . centifolia 'Muscosa' R. R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. damascena 'Bifera' R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana Kerria. laevigata R. Rosa chinensis R. gallica R. × borboniana R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. canina R. sativa Rosa R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. canina. centifolia R. Rubus coronarius R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × harisonii R.

polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. Rosmarinus. angustissimus R. guaranitica S. greggii S. officinalis S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. clevelandii S. Salvia hierosolymitana . Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. × rehderana R. setigera R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. sclarea S. officinalis Limonium R. microphylla S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. pitcheri S. rugosa R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. caerula. S. azurea subsp.

neapolitana S. chamaecyparissus S. chamaecyparissus S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. S. C. Salicornia. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. montana Scabiosa S. virens.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. marilandica Amelanchier . guaranitica S. S. hebecarpa. leucophylla S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. A. T. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. viridis S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. maritimum E. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. elegans S. leucantha S. P. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. S.

A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .

biflorum . Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. C. P. coggygria C. coggygria. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. C. americana. coggygria Cotinus. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. V. P. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. nivalis Lamium album. G.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa.

E. H. crassipes O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. O. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. acetosa. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. officinalis thyme-leaved V. O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. H. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. Ornithogalum arabicum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. scutatus R. V. pyrenaicum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. patulum. L. japonica Sorbaria. R. S.

Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vulgare var. O. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. dracunculus var. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. vesca F. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. T vulgare T.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. floridus Philadelphus . Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. C. crispum T. vulgare var. vesca F. incana M. M. incana M. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. chiloensis F. perennis. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. O.

A. Silybum marianum S. 'Broad-leaf English' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. maritima Thymus. arcticus T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. praecox T. E. sylvestris D. praecox subsp. 'Clear Gold' T. phaenopyrum C. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. laevigata Eupatorium. × citriodorus T. marianum S. marianum S. C. benedictus. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. 'Argenteus' T. T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . pallasianus T.

C. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Physalis peruviana L. sanctum O. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. radicans Bignonia capreolata. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. alata Lycopersicon. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. I. praecox subsp. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. P. P. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Coreopsis Linaria. sanctum Tulipa T. lycopersicum var. noli-tangere. lycopersicum var. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. peruviana P.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. L. cerasiforme. pruinosa. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. lycopersicum L.

canina. cornuta 'Alba' V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. C. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. C. V riviniana Viola odorata V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. caprea . maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. P. caeruleum Clematis. odorata V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. odorata V. Chimaphila. officinalis Polemonium. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. V. cornuta V.

V. I. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. verticillata Chimaphila. S. gmelinii A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. camphorata A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Gaultheria procumbens. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. caprea. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. pontica. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. nudum Isatis I. Stachys . Vanilla barbellata A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. W. Corydalis sempervirens A. absinthium A. frigida A. ambrosioides Artemisia. annua A.

vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. tomentosa Ilex cassine. ageratum A. lutea. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. C. X. vomitoria I. taygetea A. simplicissima Cladrastis. × media 'Hatfieldii' T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. filipendulina A. × media 'Hicksii' T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . I. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. millefolium A.

tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. foeniculum Agave A. butter-print. sanguinary. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. fragrant g. maidenhair American maidenhair. calamus Adiantum A. cana A. nose-bleed. h. napellus Acorus A. thousand-seal. fourcroydes sweet flag.. breviflora A.. millefolium A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. five-finger f. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. h. monkshood helmut flower.. yarrow sneezeweed. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. Indian mallow. ageratum A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. blue giant hyssop. maidenhair fern. taygetea A. alpinus Aconitum A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . lion's tail anise hyssop. pedatum Agastache A. longifolia Achillea A. monkshood flowering maple. parlor m. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. fennel g. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. calamus maidenhair fern. theophrasti Acacia A. Indian mallow China jute.

giganteum A. two-bladed o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. hemp plant agrimony. flavum A. senescens var. garlic rocambole.. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. sativum var. Rosenbachianum A. neapolitanum A. cocklebur. lily leek daffodil garlic. ophioscorodon A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. sisal hemp. eupatoria Agrostemma A. flowering o. schoenoprasum A. rosea Alchemilla A. schnittlauch giant garlic . ciboule.. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. alpina A. tree o. ostrowskianum A. christophii A. serpent garlic chive. sativum A.. cive. vulgaris Allium A. purple c. fistulosum A. scorodoprasum A. karataviense A. githago Ajuga A. Spanish o.A. Pulchellum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. sisalana Agrimonia A. Japanese bunching o. moly A.. reptans Alcea A.

cerefolium chervil angelica. triphylla Althaea A. Oriental garlic . graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. barbadensis Aloysia A. bugloss alkanet. shad. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinalis Amaranthus A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. juneberry. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. Barbados a.glaucum A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe.. archangel. Curasao a. officinarum Anchusa A. japonica A. white m. medicinal a.. hupehensis var. tuberosum Aloe A. canadensis Amsonia A. officinalis Anemone A. marschalliana A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A.. pulsatilla Anethum A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. caudatus Amelanchier A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. garlic c. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. sphaerocephalum A. bugloss windflower. blanda A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. shadbush.

vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha A. European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens var.

dracunculus var. triphyllum subsp. arborescens A. kinnikinick. canadense A. pink or white horseradish. pontica A. sativa A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. wormwood southernwood. annua A. gmelinii A. sea pink thrift. old man southernwood absinthe. virginicum bearberry. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . Ludoviciana var. triphyllum A. frigida A. camphorata A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. albula A. rusticana Artemisia A. creashak green-dragon. dracontium A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. bear's grape. mountain box. mealberry. lactiflora A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. asarabacca wild ginger. red cole sagebrush. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. hog cranberry. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. mugwort. europaeum A. sandberry. maritima Armoracia A. stewardsonii Armeria A.

c. rocket. mountain spinach false indigo. jaundice berry. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. orach sea orach. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. i. hortensis B Baptista B. officinalis Astrantia A. wild indigo. silkweed. australis B. pleurisy root. ruby s. China grass borage borage. piprage beet swiss chard. c. vulgaris Bellis B. papyrifera Boehmeria B. s. tuberosa Asparagus A. ruby s. tuberroot. talewort. saltbush orach. halimus A. nivea Borago B.Asclepias A. s. rattleweed winter cress. wild indigo blue false indigo. tinctoria Barbarea B. mustard . yellow r.. c. vulgaris Beta milkweed. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. vulgaris. c. Chinese silk plant. perennis Berberis B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. major Atriplex A. plains f.. B. butterfly flower butterfly weed. cool-tankard cole. wild blue i. upland cress winter cress. garden o.

microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. eruca B. pineapple s. carpatica C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. strawberry s. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. microphylla var. grandiflora Calendula C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . white-flowered k..B. koreana B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.. officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla 'Nana' B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. floridus Campanula C. sempervirens B.

p. o. crown plant trumpet creeper.. bell p.. < previous page page_147 next page > . o. s. trumpet vine. p. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. o.C. chili p. cow-itch. p. s. red p. p. pimento sweet pepper s. o. s. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. green p. sweet pepper. p.. p. p. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. o. p. persicifolia C. green p. rapunculus Campsis C. trumpet flower. p. o. p. o.. C.

red p. Russian c. capsicum p. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. cristata Cercis C.. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. Madagascar periwinkle. canariensis Cedrus C. shellbark h. majus Chelone cayenne p. nobile Chelidonium C.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. carvi Carya C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. senna. Tabasco p. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. garden c. marilandica Catharanthus C. bastard s. tinctorius Carum C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C... deodara Celosia C. Tabasco-sauce p... chili p. frutescens Carthamus C. ovata Cassia C. celandine celandine turtlehead. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. illinoinensis C. snakehead . false saffron.

ladanifer Citrus C. pyrethum.. ambrosioides C. wormseed. devil's-darning- . prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. American w. barbe-de-capuchin. Meyer 1. feather geranium. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. leather flower. botrys Chimaphila C. virgin's bower. parthenium C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. alecost pyrethrum. Dalmatia p. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. × superbum Cichorium C. crispus C. coccineum C. Chinese dwarf 1. bonus-henricus C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. leather flower. leucanthemum C. lutea Clematis C. virgilia virgin's bower. Robert Brydon' C. wintergreen.. red-leaved chicory bugbane. umbellata Chionanthus C. dwarf 1. glabra Chenopodium C. cinerariifolium C. pigweed Mexican tea. frutescens C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. intybus Cimicifuga C. mint geranium.C. racemosa Cistus C. old-man's-beard costmary. wax flower. Spanish t. balsamita C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. rattletop black cohosh. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. fat hen ambrosia. lemon yellowwood yellowwood... × jouiniana 'Mrs.

thorn. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. trifolia Coreopsis C. cneorum Coptis C. thorn apple. benedictus Coix C.. Chinese parsley dogwood. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. coggygria Cotoneaster C. apiculatus Crataegus C. avellana Cotinus C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. quick-set. smoke plant. smokebush smoke tree. arkansana C. ambigua C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. sativum Cornus C. autumnale Comptonia C. Venetian sumac. majalis Convolvulus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . orientalis Convallaria C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. peregrina Consolida C. smokebush.needle Cnicus C. laevigata C. red haw hawthorn English h. florida Corylus C.

tomasinianus Cupressus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. kotschyanus C.. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. gracilis Dianthus D.C. sempervirens Cydonia C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. maritimum Crocus C. citratus Cytisus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . speciosus 'Albus' C. West Indian 1.. × allwoodii D. speciosus C. scoparius C. angustifolius C. sativus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. sieberi C.

'White Lace' Dicentra D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. sylvestris Doronicum D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. carnation. sativus D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. gas plant. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . lanata D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. × imbricata Echium clove pink. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. grandiflora D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. burning bush. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. pardalianches E Echeveria E.

sea eryngo California poppy C.E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. pungens Eleocharis E. S. sea holm. arvense E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. gum tree. californica Eucalyptus E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. perfoliatum E. epimedium barrenwort. torquata Euonymus E. J. plum eryngo sea holly. viridis Epimedium E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. hyemale Eranthis E. japonica Eryngium E.. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. poppy eucalypt. rugosum v. b. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. ironbark. jacinth. maritimum Eschscholzia E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. blueweed. Japanese medlar. Australian gum. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. dulcis Endymion E.

sow-teat s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. cyparissias F Ferula F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. a. vulgare subsp.s.s. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . alpine s. ulmaria F. assafoetida Ficus F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. a. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. imperialis Fumaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. chiloensis F. major Fragaria F. vulgare F. vulgare F. finocchio. a.Euphorbia E.s. vulgare var.

runaway robin. pulegioides American pennyroyal. jasminoides Gaultheria G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. odoratum G. spotted c. gardenia. mollugo G. robertianum Glechoma G. dyer's greenweed. Carolina jasmine G. verum Gardenia G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. mountain tea. checkerberry. wild c. cleavers white bedstraw. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. field balm..F. false baby's-breath woodruff. virginiana Hedeoma H.. vernalis H. our-lady's-b. nivalis Galium G. teaberry. woodroof yellow bedstraw. germanica G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. Carolina yellow j. honey locust. triacanthos Gossypium G. hederacea Gleditsia G.. Capejasmine wintergreen. maculatum G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. alumroot herb Robert. tinctoria Geranium G.. mock p.. red Robin . woodwaxen. ground ivy. sweet w. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.

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< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. petiolatum Heliotropium H. glabra Hesperis H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. sweet r. foetidus H. rose m. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. China rose. blacking plant plantain lily.. turnsole heliotrope. Deckaner h.. garland 1. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. bastard jute. rose-of-China. Hawaiian h. mallow. arborescens Helleborus H.. bimli j. Chinese hibiscus. Indian hemp.. lemon d. orientalis Hemerocallis H... cannabinus H. lilioasphodelus H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. curry plant false licorice. hibiscus kenaf. × luteola Herniaria H. matronalis Hibiscus H. angustifolium H.. atrorubens H. daylily . Deccan h. lividus subsp. flavescens Helenium H. corsicus H. niger H. bimlipatum j. giant m. licorice plant heliotrope. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.

sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. patulum 'Sungold' H. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. .. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. Burford's holly Japanese holly. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. perforatum Hyssopus H. orangeroot. box-leaved h. rose h.H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. I.-John's-wort St. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. asiatica Hypericum H.-John's-wort St. horned h. lupulus Hydrangea H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. box-leaved h. navelwort gotu kola St. crenata var. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. white h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. European h.

.. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. maculata J Jasminum J. water f. touch-me-not jewelweed. woad dyer's woad. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. wilsonii Impatiens I. chinensis var. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. officinale Juniperus J. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. alba Iris I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. cristata I.. 'Great Lakes' I. crested i. × germanica var. tinctoria Ixia I. snapweed. virginiana red cedar jasmine. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. glabra I. opaca I. helenium Ipomoea I. tinctoria Inula I. African corn lily corn lily orris. horizontalis creeping j. capensis Indigofera I. crested dwarf i.I. pseudacorus Isatis I. jewelweed. spotted t. vomitoria 'Nana' I. yellow flag. J. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . florentina I.

angustifolia subsp. d.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. sweet bay laurel. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce .. album L.. nobilis Lavandula L.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. plume plant. flamingo p. n. dentata L. n. bay. indica Lamium L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. carnea Brazilian-plume.Justicia water willow J. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. white d. plume flower. dumb nettle. paradise p. dentata var. angustifolia L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. maculatum L.

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candidum L. muscari Lobelia L. benzoin Linum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. officinale Ligustrum L. pepperwort.. sativum Leucojum L. lovage privet. chalcedonicum Limonium L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. summer s. marsh rosemary. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. hedge plant privet. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. aestivum Levisticum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. usitatissimum Liriope L. perenne L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. blue cardinal flower . statice statice toadflax spicebush. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s.

cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. grandiflora M. coronaria L. coral h. gypsywort. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. maritima L. flava L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. stellata M.L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. moonwort. penny f. virginiana sweet alyssum. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. silver-dollar. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum var. campion. vulgaris Lythrum L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. sempervirens Lunaria L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . satin flower honesty. cordata Magnolia M. coronaria 'Alba' L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. catchfly mullein pink. money plant.. europaeus Lysimachia L. annua Lychnis L. honesty.

wild crab crab apple crab mallow. pulegium M. lemon m. bergamot m. bluebells. Virginia c. holly g.. horsemint .Mahonia M... Scotch m. stock stock. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M.. pineapple m. alcea var. apple m. vulgare Matthiola M. longifolia M. officinalis Mentha M. citrata M. incanum M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. menthella. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. × piperita var. hupehensis Malva M. 'Eau de Cologne' M. × gentilis M. holly barberry.. gillyflower. musk m. requienii M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.. mountain g. lungwort bluebells. bee b. horsemint peppermint orange mint. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. aquatica M. Virginia b.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. fastigiata Marrubium M. 'Guiding Star' M. cowslip. white h.. Brampton stock. Oregon g. American crab. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. curly m. imperial stock balm lemon b. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. b. blue barberry apple.. holly mahonia. angustifolia M. pennyroyal Corsican m. sweet b. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. incana Melissa M. × piperita M.

red m. punctata Montia M. b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. menthifolia M. myrrh. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . swamp c. white bee balm pink b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sweet cicely. candleberry. citriodora M. Oswego tea. American m. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce.. odorata Myrtus M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint.M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. fistulosa M. winter purslane. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. Greek myrtle. Swedish m. anise. b. white b. b. sylvatica Myrica M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. fistulosa var. Manila hemp forget-me-not. textilis Myosotis M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. pink b. banana abaca.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

. nepalensis P. five-finger shrubby c. brake.. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. balsam p. golden hardhack. heal-all. tacamahac cinquefoil. sand p. elatior P. domestica P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. maritima P. hog-pasture b. cowslip self-heal self-heal. pensylvanica P. all-heal salad burnet. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . lungwort blue 1. Jerusalem sage. pasture b. persica Pteridium P.Poncirus P. angustifolia P. aspen. Jerusalem cowslip white p. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken.. hardy orange poplar. brake bracken. Americana P. hackmatack. sieboldii 'Alba' P. trifoliata Populus P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. vulgaris Prunus P. widdy shrubby c. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. veris Prunella P. granatum Pyrus P.

purshiana Rheum R. fairy r... brier Banksia r. alpinum R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. banksiae R. crowfoot lesser celandine.. rose. 'Cinderella' R. cabbage r. dog r. sweetbrier French r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. sativum Rosa R. garden r.Quercus Q. chinensis 'Minima' R. red currant.. × borboniana R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. ficaria Reseda R. typhina Ribes R. Bourbon r. . sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. pilewort mignonette weld. luteola Rhamnus R. gooseberry alpine c. dog b. garden c. stellata R Ranunculus R.. China r. autumn damask r. York-and-Lancaster r. pygmy r. mountain c. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. moss r. small c. eglanteria R. eglantine. brier r. pie plant. gallica damask r.. moss r. canina R.

Cherokee r. rugosa R. climbing r. rosemary pine-scented r. 'Schneezwerg' R. madder bramble blackberry. Japanese r. hirta Rumex R. polyantha r. French sorrel rue . r. chestnut r. spinosissima R. roxburghii R. obtusifolius R. Harison's yellow r. snowdwarf memorial r. prairie r. moschata R.'Officinalis' R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. garden sorrel broad dock. wichuraiana R. laevigata R. setigera R.. climbing r. acetosa R. rosemary white r. Scotch r. Turkestan r. × harisonii R.. burnet r. × rehderana R. sorrel. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. tinctorum Rubus R. bitter d.. musk r. prostrate rosemary. golden p. dock s. angustissimus R.. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. chinquapin r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R.

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< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. sclarea S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. s. s. garden s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. guaranitica S. elegans S. gray sage. caerula S. clary annual clary elder. pussy willow sage. involucrata S. caprea Salvia S. viridis Sambucus S. bloodroot rue . argentea S. purple g. Mexican bush s. variegated garden s. clevelandii S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. osier goat willow. golden g. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. American e. leucantha S. bloodroot red puccoon. leucophylla S. microphylla S. elderberry American e. canadensis willow. purple variegated garden s. greggii S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S.

pinnata S. neapolitana S.. good-luck plant. morganianum S. Mary's t. old-man-and-woman holy thistle.. pincushion flower pincushions. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S.. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. mourning-bride stonecrop. live-forever houseleek. orpine donkey's tail orpine. albidum Satureja S. St.Sanguisorba S.. atropurpurea Sedum S. mad apple . marianum Sium S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. roof h. blessed t. officinalis Sassafras S. devil's tongue. sisarum Solanum S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. hen-and-chickens. skirret potato vine eggplant. telephium Sempervivum S. tectorum Silybum S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. hortensis S. jasminoides S. virens Saponaria S. lucky plant. hemp plant snake plant. trifasciata Santolina S. melongena var. live-forever houseleek. canadensis Sansevieria S. sweet s. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. milk t.

officinale S. woundwort lamb's-ears. erecta marigold African m. sorbifolia Sorbus S. laciniata Persian lilac S. big m. lilac . americana Stachys S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. grandiflora S. vulgaris 'Addie V. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S. × persica var. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. reticulata var. laevis Symphytum S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. hedge nettle. californica Sorbaria S. patula melongene. byzantina S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. lutea Stokesia S.. pseudocapsicum Solidago S..

vulgare T. marum Thuja T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t.. 'Argenteus' T. officinale Taxus T. germander American g. lucida T. wood sage germander dwarf. carnosus T. culinary golden lemon t. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. crispum Taraxacum T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. filifolia T. signet m. upright y. tansy tansy. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. vulgare var. procumbent g. 'Broad-leaf English' T.. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. yew conical y. fruticans T.T. .. canadense T. occidentalis Thymus T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. dwarf m. columnar y. dense y. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. sweet mace French m. lemon t.

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lemon t. serpyllum T. red c. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. caraway t. praecox subsp. wishbone flower. crimson c. creeping t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. odorus t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. pratensis Trichostema T.. herba-barona T. pallasianus T. richardii subsp. nitidus T. t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. leucotrichus T. . mother-of-thyme white creeping t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T.. not culinary French t. nummularius T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. confederatej. t. zygis Torenia T. praecox T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. lanatum Trifolium T. glabrescens T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. woolly thyme creeping t. doerfleri T.

'General de Wet' T. bitter Indian garden n. serpyllifolia nasturtium. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. flannel plant. kaufmanniana T. tall n. maritima Urtica U. pale yellow Darwin t. tawny orange t.. . minus Tsuga T. early. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. olympicum V. officinalis V. species t. Indian cress dwarf n. cranberry. canadensis Tulipa T. thapsus Veronica V. huckleberry. 'Sweet Harmony' T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. blattaria V. dioica V Vaccinium V. officinalis Verbascum V. mullein mullein. velvet p.. clusiana T. majus T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. water-lily t. blueberry. farfara U Urginea U. 'Blizzard' T. squill. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tarda T. angustifolium var. nettle stinging n. speedwell. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T.Tropaeolum T. laevifolium Valeriana V. red s.

tricolor V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. running m. cassinoides V. canina V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. lesser p.. possum haw . myrtle. nannyberry..Vetiveria V. zizanioides Viburnum V. ladies-delight. acerifolium V. heartsease. minor Viola V. lutea 'Splendens' V. prunifolium Vinca V. sheepberry. heartsease pansy. khus-khus. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. maple-leaved viburnum.. withe-rod vetiver. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. odorata V. violet dog violet horned v. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. arrowwood. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. sweet h. carlesii V. × wittrockiana Vitis V.

Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 . Adam's-needle. ginger. Canton g.