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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

build it. wheedling. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. bereft of hope. alterations. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. successes. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. carefully chosen. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. seven years ago. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. and the experience provided the final section of the book. and I have had the pleasure of advising. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. responded with delight. Then. and the publisher. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Again they revised. With false starts and honest stops. pushing. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. The turning point came when. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. more of them exist to serve as examples. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. It needs no sequel. Their energy and charm caught me up. with sparkling enthusiasm. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. This was not to be. whether all their labor was to no avail. especially poetry. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. punching. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. and record every detailall of the failures. This they did. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Ginny had done some writing. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . for they had no model and no guide. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed.

As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. A range of essential factors is considered herein. specialty. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Not all plants used are herbs. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. or by contributors. To achieve this. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. the authors.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. and these are capitalizedfor example. although countless common names exist. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. and educational purpose. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. . Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Italics are always used for botanical names. 1969 and 1980. without accompanying commentary. former generic names. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Likewise. while others were prepared by landscape designers. rather. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. historical interest. English thyme. We. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. by their owners. we completed a test garden. The herb garden designs alone. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. degree of maintenance required.

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Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. too. Weatherhead. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Keebler and the late Everest P. always encouraging us to stay with our project. FAITH H. Genevieve Jyurovat. as expediter and typist. has given us valuable information. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. We are grateful to many. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Finally. Wanda Ritchie. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Richard T.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. A lecturer on herbs. past presidents. and Rexford Talbert. The late Raymond C. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. and Elizabeth Bryce. has been especially helpful over the years. She has served. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . former director of same. Nell Neff. Lee Buss. Rady. Alexander Apanius. M.D. and the horticulturist. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Betty Rea. Susan Frugé. librarian. Special thanks are due James C. have also been of assistance. Jo Lohmolder. His assistant.. and Joanna Reed. president. Isaacson. Swanson and Robert B. Recognition is due Robert B. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Herbert J. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. which made possible the completion of our text. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. former managing editors. Eleanor Gambee. Derthick. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Trudi Bela. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Alice Skelsey. and August Frugé. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

partially excavated area. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. new plants. lay out a plan of the property." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. Its interest is independent of flowers. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs." A good design does not "happen. and structures. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. temples of worship. a front dooryard.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. "Not difficult to plan. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. In order to create a fine garden design. new ways of seeing. the north point will have been indicated. As one constantly reinforces the other. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. and hedges will have been located. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. or an abandoned. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. As Henry Beston reflects. Perennial herbs. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. some of which are evergreen. fences. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. and decisions must not be left to chance. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. to increase the value of the property. If no . An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. not at all difficult to maintain. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain.

Here. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > .

measurements are in engineer's scale. to locate the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. and the driveway. The object is to . (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. but with all needed information. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. A deed description. In the absence of a survey map. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Other areas may require a smaller scale.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. such as the one illustrated here. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. In this example. too. measure to locate the house. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. other significant structures. Here. too. Next.

T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. enclosures. and unusual land features noted. shrubs. and parallel lines. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. lines at an angle. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. < previous page page_3 next page > . roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. The tools needed for drawing are few. The smaller the scale. triangleof inexpensive plastic. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. paths. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. driveway.

To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . With the plan on paper. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. gazebo. and hedges of hemlock. Upkeep. In the absence of a structure. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. However. garage. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. A toolhouse. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. yew. One basic rule is the higher the wall.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. and holly. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. brick. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. greenhouse. old smokehouse. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. or summer kitchen is ideal. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. bayberry. and stone. In the designs that follow. iron. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. In some cases. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

as in outdoor room dividers. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Where air circulation is much needed. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. When used with a hedge. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Allow adequate room within the row. they can be made to order. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. or natural. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. When this reinforcement is understated. If desired. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Styles are legion. elegant box. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Stone. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. At first. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. and their styles are countless. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. In some climates. or. annual painting is a necessity. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. box. Whatever the reason. for reinforcing the design. If used. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. a temporary garden that may be changed later. the garden design is most attractive. Stained. Rosemary. used for dry wall or masonry construction. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. but the results will confirm this course. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. as an example. or pressure-treated lumber. it will seem too sparsely planted. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. cut stones. such as bayberry. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. holly. bricks. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Generally. Gates are part of the enclosure. landscape timbers. . For example. too. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. whether it will be rocks. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. for example. however. gray surfaces are found. railroad ties. some deciduous and some evergreen. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. deeply evergreen. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Equally important is proportion. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. and rosemary. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Lower cost is an advantage. yew. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. if wood is the material of choice. painted. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. so give them much thought. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan.

if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. there is a necessary. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . Conversely. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. awkward and unsafe. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.Steps When constructing steps. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Access paths. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. . remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. and maintenance. because they are just that. If groups are walking through. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Paths must be ample. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. cost. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Choose the path material equally for comfort. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. appearance.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. The colors are various: terracotta. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. but should be compatible with. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. for example. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. their use no less than comfortable. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. There are. making the design more evident. rosy pink. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. or red. the greater the tread. too. however. It is a general rule that the less the riser. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Step materials need not be the same as. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden.

not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

If the garden is made up of separate beds. a soft-lead pencil in hand. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. they should not shade the herbs too much. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. or trees to be considered. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. They are easily renewed as they break down. a result being hazardous footing. and many good references are available. prepare a planting plan for each. shad Malus coronaria.) To avoid having a slippery surface. bark or pine needles can be used. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. shrubs. serviceberry. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. This. is an enjoyable experience. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . witch hazel Lindera benzoin. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. With these recommendations in mind. too. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. When they mature. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site.

The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. it is easily read and easily erased. noting well their growth habits. for example. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. lemon thyme. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. one-half inch equals one foot. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It needs. a focal point is customarily used. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. however. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Do use a soft-lead pencil. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Artifacts As with other gardens. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. or whatever is best in your case. whether they are invasive or tall growing. 'Mount Hood daff. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. such as the one illustrated here. too. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Sept. for example. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre.

or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. It is then in scale with its frame. If a statue less than life-size is used.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. Again. a niche of its own should be created. < previous page page_9 next page > . the height of a fence to the house. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

a stylized drawing of an ovary.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. that of good proportion. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. the designs have a decorative north point. However. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. For easy reference. Except for two.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Lobularia maritima.Origanum majorana. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. sweet 25.Viola tricolor. A.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. bee balm 13. 14. lemon balm .Galium odoratum.Poterium sanguisorba. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.A.L. With color and texture considered for contrast. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Lavenders accent the front corners. 26. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 7.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus praecox subsp. 3. lemon 15. 21. summer 23. sativa. Foeniculum vulgare. 16. Landscape Architect.S. rose 24. salad burnet 12. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Lavandula savory angustifolia.Satureja hortensis. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. or other structure. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 22. 5. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. 4. 6. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. which is used here in relation to a garage. lovage 17.Satureja montana.Allium 11. 1. The rules of symmetry are observed.Melissa officinalis. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. a fence. dill cerasiforme. fennel 2. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. The first number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.Pelargonium graveolens. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. arcticus 27. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.

Porrum Group.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita.8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly parsley 10. chive 18. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. Pelargonium × limoneum.Origanum heracleoticum. Greek 28. costmary 'Albus'. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Salvia officinalis. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . leek 9. 19. dwarf garden 20.Petroselinum crispum var.

Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. bush basil 3. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 18. rose 19. 17.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Pelargonium tomentosum. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Lavandula angustifolia. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Artemisia dracunculus var. Petroselinum crispum var. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. 9. French tarragon 2.Aloysia triphylla. curly parsley sativa. 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. perhaps overgrown with weeds. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Foeniculum vulgare. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. white 20. 11.Pelargonium graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon verbena 21. 12.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Satureja hortensis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. summer 10. .Monarda didyma. as was done here.Poterium sanguisorba.

Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana. 14.Heliotropium arborescens. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Rosa eglanteria.Thymus × citriodorus. 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. English thyme dill 8.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.salad burnet 6. eglantine 23.

sweet marjoram 3. . salad burnet 14. however. spearmint 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Levisticum officinale. English thyme Greek oregano 4. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. The garden is conveniently located.S. garden sage 8. The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var. 9. Even in limited space. 7. however. parsley 5. and the plan could be used at a front door. Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 10.Chionanthus virginicus. sativa.Allium schoenoprasum. Origanum heracleoticum. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Japanese yew 17.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Taxus cuspidata. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. summer savory 11. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.L. A. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus × citriodorus.Satureja hortensis.Petroselinum crispum. still observing a scale.A. dill 2.Mentha spicata. Then the design might need to be expanded. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Salvia officinalis. 13. lovage 15. 1.

sweet basil chive 12.6.Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.

S. 6. wild ginger 27. garden sage 17. sweet violet 16.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . summer 21.Polemonium reptans. Jacob's-ladder 3. 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium ampeloprasum. lavender marjoram 2. fraxinella 15.Origanum majorana.Primula vulgaris.Asarum canadense. 7. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. 25. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. 9. bee balm 14. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 32. 33. salad 20. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Christmas fern 5. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. 31. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.A. Monarda didyma.Digitalis grandiflora.Teucrium chamaedrys. yellow 29. leek Foeniculum vulgare. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. 1.Pulmonaria officinalis. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. Landscape Architect. cinnamon fern 4. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Artemisia dracunculus var.L. 18. Dictamnus albus. fennel 19. The long. lemon thyme 28.Thymus × citriodorus. hop sativa. 8.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. Viola odorata.Stachys byzantina. A. This is an intimate garden. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. The number in each planting area is the key number. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. the challenge is obvious. blue lungwort 26.Osmunda cinnamomea. 30.Humulus lupulus. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.Convallaria majalis.Polystichum acrostichoides.

Galium verum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Buxus microphylla var. yellow bedstraw 23. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . Canada hemlock Standard'. sweet 34.Satureja montana.lilac 10. 35.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. French thyme woodruff koreana. French'.Petroselinum crispum var.Galium odoratum.Sorbus americana. crispum.Korean box 11.Tsuga canadensis. winter savory 24.savory germander Willmott'.

< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.Salvia officinalis. Even so. it became part of the patio.Origanum heracleoticum. this design can be an inspiration. geometric design. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. garden sage 20. Italian parsley ." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. neapolitanum. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. 1. It is a pleasing. To be placed near the kitchen. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. One of the beds. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. lemon verbena 2.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Rumex scutatus. dill 10. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. Surprisingly.Petroselinum crispum var. 19. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Aloysia triphylla.

Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Satureja montana. French tarragon 5. basil sativa.Anthriscus cerefolium. crispum. English thyme bush basil 8.Poterium sanguisorba. garlic chive 26. salad 15. sweet 13.Allium tuberosum.Melissa officinalis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. chive 25. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.17. lemon balm cicely 6.Allium schoenoprasum.3. sweet 14. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum 12. lemon basil 9.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. summer savory 23.Myrrhis odorata.Borago officinalis. borage 'Purpurascens'.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum majorana. winter savory 24.Satureja hortensis. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. Alpine strawberry 7. chervil marjoram 21. purple basil 4. sweet 18. curly parsley 22.

Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. gray . English lavender 10. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. winter 21. rosemary 3. As a whole. To increase the planting area. purple basil 4.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. English thyme lemon thyme 11. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. it is full of interesting angles. 14. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Stachys byzantina. so. geometric design. too.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Satureja montana. blue 22.C. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Rosmarinus officinalis. 1. green santolina 12. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia.Myrrhis odorata. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. sweet 13. The center beds here were established in this way. lamb's-ears 20. D. sweet cicely 23. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. Created in an orderly way.Pelargonium in variety. it is an unusual.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. scented-leaf geranium 2.Thymus × citriodorus. the work paths could be eliminated. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis. 19.

Salvia officinalis.Ilex opaca. classic myrtle 9.6.Artemisia camphorata. clove pink 7.Myrtus communis. American southernwood holly 17. germander 16.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. camphor-scented wormwood 8. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia abrotanum. 25.Marrubium vulgare. horehound24.Dianthus caryophyllus. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Teucrium chamaedrys. silver mound artemisia 18.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.

Coix lacryma-jobi. which adds its impression of warmth. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana. Ocimum basilicum. blue hyssop 2. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Sometimes space is limited. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. arcticus 21. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door.Melissa officinalis. winter savory 16. French tarragon 14. English lavender 6.Artemisia dracunculus var. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. absinthe 26. lemon balm 22. casts the shadow for the hour. Job's tears 11. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. rosemary 15.Borago officinalis. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Hyssopus officinalis. Galium odoratum. tansy 25. Lavandula angustifolia. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. purple basil 3. sativa.Thymus praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosmarinus officinalis. too. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. this herb garden is secluded.Artemisia absinthium. borage 23. sweet woodruff 5. gray santolina 13. Its arrow points north and.Chamaemelum . Achillea millefolium. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. This center of interest is of particular note. yarrow 12. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. sweet basil 4. 1. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.Calendula officinalis. pot marigold 24.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

chamomile 17.Origanum vulgare. wild marjoram 28. variegated garden sage 8. Salvia elegans.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. marjoram pecan 10.Symphytum officinale. scented-leaf 27. comfrey20.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Syringa. chive 18. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium in variety. sweet 29. costmary 'Albus'. Salvia officinalis.Carya illinoinensis.Origanum majorana. garden sage 19.7. pineapplescented sage 9. white creeping thyme nobile.

purple basil Zingiber officinale. 30. 29. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Melissa officinalis. summer 32. 5. 19. rose geranium 2. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 4. garlic Levisticum officinale. parsley 17. hyssop Meyer lemon . 7.Ruta graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 34. rue 31. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 3. 1. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Teucrium chamaedrys. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. lovage 22. sativa. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Apium graveolens. 9. sunken into the ground.Galium odoratum. 8.Myrrhis odorata. true ginger16. blue 23. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. horehound 33. dill 20. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Ipomoea alba. chervil 15. lemon balm 35.Allium sativum.Marrubium vulgare. Anthriscus cerefolium. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. French sorrel 21. When controlled in this way.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Pelargonium graveolens. 36. sweet cicely 37. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 6.Salvia officinalis. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. The more invasive ones.Pelargonium × limoneum.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. 18. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Origanum majorana. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja hortensis.

Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. dwarf nasturtium 13. bush basil 14.Ocimum basilicum. lemon verbena 11. sweet basil 38. lemonthyme 28. Japanese yew 39.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Tropaeolum minus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Origanum heracleoticum.Magnolia virginiana.Aloysia triphylla. English thyme 26. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . salad burnet 25.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme 24. spearmint 27.Mentha spicata.10.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Greek oregano 12.Thymus × citriodorus.

It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. "Simplify.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. whatever the reason. but. however. simplify!. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. a quick way to ensure good drainage." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. < previous page page_22 next page > . Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Tanacetum vulgare. summer basil savory 7.Petroselinum crispum.Allium fistulosum. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. 18. dill 13. 12. 26.Impatiens capensis. French tarragon 5. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Ruta graveolens. bee balm 19. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Capsicum frutescens.Salvia officinalis.Galium odoratum.The number in each planting area is the key number. balm sativa.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. aloe Grossum Group.Origanum majorana.Lactuca sativa. 1. rue 20. garden sage 3. parsley 2.Monarda didyma. lemon 22.Anethum graveolens. sweet 15.Artemisia absinthium. sweet 25. 16.Mentha spicata.Mentha x piperita.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 17. peppermint 23.Lindera benzoin. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Aloe barbadensis.Melissa officinalis. jewelweed24.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. lettuce 10.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 11. spearmint 21.Hedeoma pulegioides. arcticus. spicebush absinthe French'. 14. bell pepper 6.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus praecox subsp.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

. 8. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. germander 7. Perovskia abrotanoides. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. Thymus praecox subsp. faced and capped with random. French thyme 2. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Teucrium chamaedrys. 1.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.Pelargonium in variety. horizontally laid bluestone. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. too. encloses this plan. Russian 13. A low wall of brick.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. arcticus 14.

Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. white creeping thyme 5. witch hazel 18.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Hyssopus officinalis. lady's6. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Campsis radicans. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lemon thyme 10.angustifolia.Melissa officinalis.Santolina neapolitana 4.Viburnum cassinoides.Hamamelis virginiana. lavender 3. crimson creeping thyme 9. blue 11. St. lemon balm hyssop 12. trumpet vine 16.Galium odoratum. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris.-John'swort 17. Thymus × citriodorus.

which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. < previous page page_28 next page > . box. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. However. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. the shrubsyew. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. Germander is a proper edging here.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. holly. lilac. It is. Although this is not a large garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. however.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

red creeping thyme 10. columnal yew 43.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus praecox subsp. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. alpine strawberry 8. santolina alpine pink 28. Myrrhis odorata. fringed wormwood 16.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 37. blue horehound hyssop 3. fraxinella 33. dwarf privet 48. 26. broom 40.Artemisia camphorata. classic myrtle 15. germander 36.Satureja montana. Marrubium vulgare. sweet cicely17. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Corsican 24. Viola odorata. 9.Teucrium chamaedrys. mint silver mound artemisia 25. crimson creeping thyme 31.Santolina pinnata 34. winter 29. Japanese yew 44. woolly thyme 7. 23.Eloise & Jo Ray.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. Mentha requienii. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . lady's. lavender 22. sweet albula.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Japanese holly 42. lamb'sears 35.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. lilac 45. 18.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. clary 30. gray sage savory 14. 12.Artemisia frigida. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Simkins'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. orris 38.Cytisus supinus. prostrate rosemary 13. sweet violet 19. cottage pink 2. white hyssop 4. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. mantle chamomile 5.Syringa patula.Hyssopus officinalis.Ruta graveolens.Anemone pulsatilla.Iris cristata.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. green 27.Stachys byzantina. Alchemilla vulgaris.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 1. florentina. dwarf box 41. arcticus 'Albus'.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. shrubby cinquefoil 46. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Salvia sclarea. dwarf crested iris 39.Salvia leucophylla.Iris × germanica var.20. 32.Santolina virens.Borago officinalis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Comptonia peregrina. Thymus praecox subsp. rue 6. Heliotropium arborescens. 21. Japanese holly 47.Myrtus communis.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Chamaemelum nobile.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Dictamnus albus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.

the center of interest for the herb garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. This hedge. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. The direction a path takes can add interest. while adding to the enclosure of the area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. and a vegetable garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. Other paths are brick. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. a running bond pattern. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. an herb garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. a cutting garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. < previous page page_30 next page > .

S. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. . A.L.A.

Christmas 48. 1.Pelargonium in variety.Satureja hortensis. lemon thyme 40. bush basil 41.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Santolina virens. dill wishbone flower 5.Origanum majorana. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Dictamnus albus. blue hyssop 43. 55. green santolina 42. sweet marjoram 45. cottage pink French'. 14. Stokes' aster 31. helenium 4. 32. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Thymus × citriodorus.Chrysanthemum × superbum. 37.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. garden sage 56. 50. germander 39. fraxinella 26. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. 22.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lilium candidum. lamb's-ears 49. starsMaxima'.Aloysia triphylla. verbena rose chive 11.Limonium latifolium. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Satureja montana. yellow 35.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. candytuft Standard'. blue iris 9.Allium schoenoprasum. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Galium odoratum.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. plantain lily 2.Teucrium chamaedrys. lavender 18. white 'Bouquet'. Campanula persicifolia.Polystichum acrostichoides.Magnolia virginiana. 47.Ocimum basilicum 54. Anethum graveolens 23.Hemerocallis × luteola.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. 52. summer 34.Origanum heracleoticum. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. lemon 29. blue 27.Allium christophii. Rosmarinus officinalis. French thyme 7.Stachys byzantina.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French tarragon 8. statice Solemacher'. Louise'. alpine strawberry 3. sweet 51.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. Achillea taygetea.Salvia sclarea. yellow 24. York-andLancaster rose 16.Ribes alpinum. winter savory 44. purple basil Japanese holly 17. clary 46. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. yellow epimedium 15.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Stokesia laevis. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 53. pale 28.Salvia officinalis. sativa.Digitalis grandiflora. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Helleborus niger.Rosa damascena savory crispum. double white peony of-Persia 12. Aquilegia chrysantha.

The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. a retaining wall or walls are needed.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. as in this case. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. While serving as a soil retainer. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. < previous page page_32 next page > . A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall.

Alchemilla vulgaris. The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. .< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Borago officinalis. 42. Melissa officinalis. lady's43.Lavandula angustifolia.Solanum pseudocapsicum. lemon verbena 46. Ocimum basilicum. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. borage 26.Allium schoenoprasum. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Iris cristata.45. Landscape Architect.Mentha spicata.Galium odoratum.A.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet 23. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lemon 22.Aloysia triphylla. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lamb's25. bee balm 24. English 44. crispum.A. 1. Stachys byzantina.Viola odorata. Monarda didyma. 21. F. spearmint 41.Iris pseudacorus.R.

horehound neapolitanum.Rosa × rehderana.Cornus florida.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Vinca minor.Quercus stellata. 33. curly mint 30. pink hawthorn 16. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. garlic chive 48. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. southernwood 31. clove 55.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium cepa. 56. Porrum Group.Foeniculum vulgare. French tarragon holly 13.Artemisia absinthium.Mentha pulegium. catnip 50. rue 51. post crispum 'Banquet'.Salvia officinalis. myrtle 58.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. orange mint 29.Allium ampeloprasum.Satureja hortensis. leek 49.Artemisia abrotanum. fennel 35.Crataegus arkansana. rosemary 9.Mentha × piperita var. polyantha rose 12. wild 39.Ruta graveolens.Capsicum frutescens.Salvia elegans. citrata. summer 32.Origanum majorana.Origanum heracleoticum.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. sweet marjoram 28. garden sage 36. flowering dogwood 15. dill 34. salad burnet 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Greek 53.Dianthus caryophyllus.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Proliferum Group. mullein chive 47. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . pineapple38.Allium sativum.7. tabasco senna pepper 20. Rosmarinus officinalis. 37. 57.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia dracunculus var.Verbascum thapsus.Allium tuberosum.Marrubium vulgare.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Elaeagnus pungens. absinthe English thyme 27. Egyptian onion 11.Cassia marilandica.Anethum graveolens. 40. pennyroyal 54. savory sativa. carpet bugleweed 8. Poterium sanguisorba. curly parsley oak 17. Ajuga reptans. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. 52.Nepeta cataria.

A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. < previous page page_34 next page > . It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. and vinegars. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. mothproofing bags. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. However. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Although this is a northeast exposure. sleep pillows. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden.

Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .

Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium sphaerocephalum. French gray santolina sorrel 8. sativa.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. bay 48. balm valerian 15.Laurus nobilis. winter 29.Tsuga canadensis.Alchemilla vulgaris. costmary 5. blue hyssop 35.Salvia oficinalis. lavender 7. salad 22. Proliferum Group.Agastache foeniculum. bee balm 30.Allium pulchellum 47. crispum. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. Thymus × citriodorus.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Pelargonium × limoneum.Hemerocallis.Levisticum officinale.Tanacetum vulgare. rue 26. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Calendula officinalis. garden 'Purpurascens'. lilac 32.Rumex scutatus. Lactuca. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 18. 1.Tropaeolum minus. florentina.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. pot 28. Ruta graveolens. purple basil sage 11.Monarda didyma.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. peppermint geranium 40. lemon verbena 36. 23.Pelargonium graveolens.Aloysia triphylla. burnet lovage 6. lemon 31. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. Hallock'. garden sage 2.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. tansy 16. Artemisia pontica. Santolina chamaecyparissus. round-headed garlic 46.Thuja occidentalis.Ocimum basilicum 27. lily leek 44. Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon 10. 'President Poincare'. Roman 20.Hyssopus officinalis . 50. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. chive 43. 24.Pelargonium tomentosum.Artemisia abrotanum. American rosemary arborvitae 34. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 49.Salvia elegans. lettuce in variety 25. anise hyssop 14. orris 17. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. 21.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. daylily in variety 41.Mentha spicata.Allium sativum var. 'Monge'. Egyptian onion 42.Allium cepa. nutmeg geranium 39.Valeriana officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana. dwarf nasturtium 37. southernwood 9. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Iris × germanica var.Allium moly.Pelargonium fragrans. 19. dwarf savory garden sage 13.

It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. < previous page page_36 next page > . The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Invasive. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. A simple knot. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.

Digitalis purpurea.Monarda didyma. 1. golden thyme . Valeriana officinalis. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. thyme 3. foxglove 4.Satureja hortensis. Satureja montana 'Nana'. sativa.Marrubium vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. pineapplescented sage 47. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Artemisia dracunculus var. fennel 25.Armeria maritima.Sempervivum tectorum. French tarragon 44. white thrift 24. pineapple mint 22. horehound 46. summer savory 43. dwarf winter savory 2.Salvia elegans.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. valerian 5. salad burnet 23.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. houseleek 45.Foeniculum vulgare. bee balm 26.

saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. parthenium. pink 59. skirret 60. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Sium sisarum. angelica Lenten rose 10. absinthe 53.Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum majorana.Teucrium chamaedrys.Agrimonia eupatoria. fraxinella 8. feverfew climbing rose 16. English 52. 38.Thymus praecox subsp. yellow 41. 54. sweet 37.Eranthis hyemalis. sweet 50.Lilium candidum. 33.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Rosa eglanteria. sweet basil sage 27. lavender Christmas rose 11. clary 48.Echium vulgare.6.Alchemilla vulgaris.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Calendula officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Laurus nobilis.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. Salvia sclarea.Foeniculum vulgare. pink 62. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. Isatis tinctoria.Salvia viridis.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Helleborus niger. germander 56.Rosa chinensis. white 58. annual clary 51. winter bugloss 'Albus'. 40. 30.Allium schoenoprasum. rue 31. garden 42. Angelica archangelica.Rosmarinus officinalis. 61.Artemisia absinthium. China rose comfrey 19. Madonna cicely lily 12. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Ruta graveolens. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. viper's 34.Anemone pulsatilla. rosemary 28.Symphytum officinale.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. 39. arcticus 55. sweet 32.Helleborus orientalis.Galium odoratum.Salvia officinalis. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Ocimum basilicum. dyer's woad 7.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. Dictamnus albus.Chrysanthemum 36. marigold chive 15. pot 35.Crocus sativus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Myrrhis odorata.Galium verum. dwarf edging box 21. French'. blue hyssop 57.

The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. < previous page page_38 next page > . Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Carya ovata. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. There is variety in this plan. However. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. even though space is limited.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. and the shagbark hickory. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton. Landscape Architect .

American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. germander Agastache foeniculum. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. bee balm Melissa officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. citrata. flax Buxus sempervirens. chive Ilex opaca. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Adiantum pedatum. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. dogwood Salvia sclarea. Canada Isatis tinctoria. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. borage Petroselinum crispum. Poterium sanguisorba. green santolina Primula veris. box Carya ovata. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. sweet basil Satureja montana. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. stewardsonii. Marrubium vulgare. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. French Galium odoratum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. Asarum canadense. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. rue Cornusflorida. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. box Buxus sempervirens. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum.Galium verum. sativa. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. valerian Rosa damascena. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. Aloysia triphylla. angelica Mondarda didyma. Artemisia absinthium. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. lamb's. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. red mint . cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. box Ruta graveolens.Arisaema triphyllum. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

For this appearance. is on a sandy knoll. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. A singular statue of St. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. < previous page page_40 next page > . this excavation. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. a dipping pool there. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. An informal.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. A clump of birch here. too. first intended for the construction of a cottage. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. unplanned look was desired. However. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. it is open on the side facing the house.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

58. spearmint 45.Thymus herba-barona.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Mentha × piperita.Glechoma hederacea. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 61. winter savory 20.Pulmonaria officinalis. 68. blue 2.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 70. feverfew 27.Melissa officinalis. white birch English lavender parthenium.Nepeta cataria. 77.Urginea maritima.Coriandrum sativum. Johnny-jump-up54.Althaea officinalis. 67. pot 66. 60. marsh 42. orris chamaecyparissus. lemon balm 44. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. Iris × germanica var. Thymus praecox subsp.Digitalis grandiflora. sea onion angelica 24.Pelargonium graveolens. mint 50. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Tanacetum vulgare var.Salvia elegans. 52.Artemisia abrotanum. 12. 30. woolly thyme 13.Digitalis purpurea. 1. 36.Valeriana officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Consolida orientalis. 'Prostratus'. Ruta graveolens. fern-leaf tansy 23.Viola tricolor. 32.Poterium sanguisorba.Levisticum officinale. gray scented sage santolina 4.The number in each planting area is the key number.Armeria maritima. 8. thrift55. French'.Chelidonium majus.Chrysanthemum 80.Monarda didyma. rose geranium 10. peppermint 47.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Anethum graveolens.Mentha spicata. wild 43. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Anthriscus cerefolium.Teucrium canadense. 34.Lavandula angustifolia. 33.Origanum onites.Pelargonium denticulatum.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. creeping juniper 26.Pelargonium crispum.Satureja montana.Mentha suaveolens. 63. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Pelargonium quercifolium. lamb's-ears parsley 19. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 35. chive crispum. wild 51.Mentha × gentilis.Petroselinum crispum. 74. 53. 64. 78.Ajuga reptans. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Salvia officinalis.Angelica archangelica.Vinca minor.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. pennyroyal 46.Monarda fistulosa.Betula papyrifera.Hyssopus officinalis. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 38.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum vulgare. catnip 73. sweet 71.Origanum majorana.Stachys byzantina. pineapple3. myrtle 14. red mint 48. horehound mallow foxglove 16. garden sage lungwort 57. 59. Sempervivum tectorum.Myrrhis odorata. 72. rose bergamot valerian 25. celandine cicely 18.Satureja hortensis.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. orange geranium 11. rue 29. purple basil 9. bee balm . 76.Allium favum lovage 22.Chrysanthemum balsamita. golden 37.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Convallaria majalis. 65.Achillea tomentosa. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Mentha pulegium. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Rosa 'Merry England'. apple mint 49.Santolina florentina. 31.Pelargonium tomentosum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Thymus × citriodorus. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 69. 79. 75.Allium schoenoprasum. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Foundation stone. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. and the two small trees. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Because of the edging box. the accents of the six large box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. making it more a part of the herb garden. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the same as the smokehouse construction. < previous page page_42 next page > . and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. is used for the wall. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.

Landscape Architect.S. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.A.L.

Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Pulmonaria officinalis.Myrrhis odorata.Crataegus laevigata.Ocimum basilicum. lemon 34. crownbasil savory imperial 11. 'Purpurascens'. winter 42. 22. verbena English thyme 5.Artemisia dracunculus var. balsamita. bee balm 29.38.Aloysia triphylla. box 'Citriodorum'. Satureja hortensis. sweet cicely45. 27.Satureja montana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Chrysanthemum 28.Fritillaria imperialis.Allium giganteum.Buxus sempervirens.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. lemon 36.Crocus. dwarf edging box 14. 1.Mentha requienii.Alchemilla vulgaris.Angelica archangelica. Dictamnus albus. blue angelica lungwort 20. pineapple mint 18. sweet 26. orange mint 19. 47. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. lovage 46. 31. 41. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Mentha spicata.Prunus domestica. English 'Minimum'.Allium schoenoprasum. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. European ginger 4. 21. Ocimum basilicum 24. Asarum europaeum.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 32.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. white 23. sweet 37. fraxinella 17. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. spearmint 48.Viola tricolor. purple basil sativa. species in variety crispum.Ocimum basilicum 30. balm citrata. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . 35. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet marjoram 2. Lavandula angustifolia. 44. 40.Lilium candidum. fringed 43.Levisticum officinale.Galium odoratum.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.The number in each planting area is the key number. chive comfrey curly mint 8. Origanum majorana.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. Corsican 33. rosemary 3.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. summer 25. Pelargonium graveolens.Melissa officinalis. lemon basil 15.Mentha × piperita.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Artemisia abrotanum. 39.Tanacetum vulgare var.Mentha × piperita var. Symphytum officinale. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Artemisia frigida. lady's.

Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Instead. two specimen shrubs. a soil retainer. too. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. although it is ample at four feet. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. The dipping bowl. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. pink of Dianthus. This is true also of the stone curbing. < previous page page_44 next page > . This hedge. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. the dwarf box edging. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Lowgrowing. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant.

< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect. .L. A.A.S.

white 42.Santolina virens.Nepeta mussinii. 61. Spanish bluebell 16.Teucrium canadense.Thymus × citriodorus.Aloysia triphylla.Narcissus triandrus var. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 52.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 1.Hamamelis virginiana.Mentha spicata.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Convallaria majalis. lamb's-ears 28. lily. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 20.Galium odoratum. catmint 35. marjoram crocus 7. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.The number in each planting area is the key number.Crocus tomasinianus.Heliotropium arborescens.Mentha × piperita var.Crocus speciosus.57. 40. Thymus praecox subsp.Anemone blanda.Pelargonium in variety.Lilium candidum. prostrate rosemary 18. thyme 29.Tulipa kaufmanniana. Madonna 63. lemon 33. white creeping thyme lovage 10. borage 31. Salvia officinalis. 2. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Salvia sclarea. 26. 'Lanuginosus'. 45.Sternbergia lutea. 53.Thymus herba-barona.Dicentra spectabilis.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Leucojum aestivum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Myrica pensylvanica.Crocus angustifolius.Helleborus niger. green santolina 37.Thymus praecox subsp. Compactus'.Mertensia virginica. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. arcticus 34.Allium christophii. sweet 55. 46.Tulipa clusiana.Digitalis grandiflora. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Galanthus nivalis.Angelica archangelica. verbena snowflake 19.Narcissus asturiensis. winter savory 39. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. caraway thyme albus. 17. angustifolia 'Nana'.Satureja montana.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Helleborus lividus subsp. sweet 47. 54. 58. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 49. 56. clary 32.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Cimicifuga racemosa. 43. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. American 38. golden thyme41. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus kotschyanus. arcticus 30. angel's-tears 59. Stachys byzantina.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. 50.Levisticum officinale. Thymus doerfleri.Mentha × piperita. tulip citrata.Ocimum basilicum. 36.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. black cohosh windflower 15.Borago officinalis. 51. lemon 60. 44. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. sweet 27. gray 22. Origanum majorana.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. rue25. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. orange mint 8. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. spearmint 48.

its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. The results have been most satisfying. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. First. Second. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Morning sun warms it early. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. very livable and profoundly satisfying.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.

lemon 21. The number in each planting area is the key number.A.L. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Salvia officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus.Crocus sieberi. Ocimum basilicum. clary thyme 22. . 1. Artemisia absinthium 24. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Beauty'.Allium neapolitanum. marigold 41.S. garden sage 4. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Apium graveolens. leek 46.Salvia sclarea. wild celery 42. crocus 44.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Porrum Group. A.Artemisia dracunculus var. Landscape Architect.Artemisia lactiflora. sweet basil 23.Allium ampeloprasum. English thyme 43. woolly thyme 3. Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. French tarragon 5.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. tulip 45. absinthe sativa. Thymus praecox subsp. 'Lambrook Silver'.Tulipa tarda. 25.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 26.

sweet 37. lobelia Sherbert'. green 40. American marjoram Yellow'.Tropaeolum minus.Levisticum officinale. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Dictamnus albus. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. Viola odorata. 8. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. 58.Nepeta × faassenii.Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.Galium mollugo. 39. 32.Artemisia camphorata. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Lobelia siphilitica.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.foxglove 7.Cornus florida.Allium schoenoprasum. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . weed chive 48. pale 49. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Clematis 'Mrs.Ipomoea alba. Robert verbena Brydon'.Petroselinum crispum var. 29. white evergreen azalea 16. pink 30.Origanum majorana.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. butterfly 47. yellow 55. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. lovage 34.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. dogwood 19. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Hyssopus officinalis. clematis 11.Asclepias tuberosa.Ribes sativum. lemon 50. great 31. 54. American elderberry 15. blue 38.Crataegus phaenopyrum. fraxinella 36.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. monkshood upright yew 17.Ilex opaca. Lavandula angustifolia.Malus hupehensis.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Allium senescens var.Aconitum napellus.Digitalis grandiflora.Achillea filipendula 60. catmint 53. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Stachys byzantina.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. viola holly 18.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Santolina chamaecyparissus. curly parsley 20. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. alpine 28.Santolina virens. 56. red currant gray santolina 13.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Dianthus × allwoodii. lamb's-ears 52.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. even though the growing area is not extensive. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. repeats again the octagonal form. Well-drained as they are. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. an impression of Sol in it. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. are raised with bricks on edge. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A birdbath of copper. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. The four herb beds.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Ruta graveolens. sweet woodruff 9. lavender 15. Artemisia abrotanum.Poterium sanguisorba. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium denticulatum. catmint 6. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Thymus × citriodorus. French tarragon 7. purple variegated garden sage 36.Nepeta mussinii.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata.Heliotropium arborescens.Salvia sclarea. curly parsley 32.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. Anethum graveolens. sativa. 1. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Santolina 25. bush basil 23.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Pelargonium tomentosum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears 17.Petroselinum crispum var. absinthe 20. rue 35.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. lemon 41. clary 21. silver mound artemisia 8. Stachys byzantina.Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula dentata. English thyme horehound 2.Marrubium vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. gray 'Prince of Orange'. white creeping thyme 12. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. lemon 39. purple basil 24.Salvia officinalis. clove pink 10.Pelargonium crispum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. heliotrope 31. dill 18.Mentha × piperita.Lavandula angustifolia. Semple. thyme salad burnet 40. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. spearmint southernwood 5. 28. angustifolia. Artemisia dracunculus var. golden variegated garden sage 38. rosemary 33. peppermint 4. 19.Ocimum basilicum. Artemisia absinthium.Pelargonium graveolens. 27. sweet basil 22. 29. curly mint 3. French 26. crispum. 42.Allium tuberosum. variegated garden sage 37. prostrate rosemary 34. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. orange santolina geranium 11. Galium odoratum.Joan E.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Rosmarinus officinalis. 43. lemon 30. 16.

The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. a toolhouse. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. A birdbath may replace the pool. and lantana are a few. < previous page page_52 next page > . A suitable fence. if neither is available. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. lemon verbena.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. rose geranium. too.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

gray santolina chamomile 14. green 12.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. heliotrope 21.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. lemon thyme 20.S.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . woolly thyme 15.Tanacetum vulgare var. Landscape Architect.Aloysia triphylla. verbena ambrosia 4. 1. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Artemisia absinthium 11. 9. white creeping thyme 2.Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana. Thymus praecox subsp. crispum. bush basil 5.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. lemon 10.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. rosescented geranium 17.L.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.Rosmarinus officinalis. absinthe 'Minimum'. lavender 3. sweet santolina marjoram 6. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. 13. zonal geranium 19. zonal geranium 18.Pelargonium frutetorum. 7. arcticus 'Albus'. fern-leaf tansy 8. geranium 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Chenopodium botrys.Chamaemelum nobile. A.

At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. As the snows melt.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Angelica. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. These can easily obliterate a design. mints. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Box and holly enclose it all. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. artemisias. the design is clearly traced. but the design itself has endured forty years. a sundial. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. box. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. The dwarf box frames the focal point. a deep mauve to others. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. apothecary's rose.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Artemisia absinthium. Graham.Alchemilla vulgaris. perilla 51. feverfew 14. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Valeriana officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. crimson creeping thyme 18.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.47. yew Beauty'.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. grape fennel 19.Artemisia camphorata. skirret 53.Origanum onites. Santolina virens. arcticus 39.Santolina neapolitana 36. lilac 70. lady's-mantle 46. lamb's-ears 33.Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. orris 57. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Melissa officinalis. butterfly weed35.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. nasturtium 28.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Isatis tinctoria. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. absinthe 34. rue 23. scented. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. houseleek Lenten rose 11. piney 44.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet 27.Alchemilla alpina. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Myrrhis odorata. Canadian burnet 13. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Syringa.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Sedum telephium.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Lavandula angustifolia.63. southernwood 2.Lamium album.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. dyer's woad 9.Monarda fistulosa.Iris × germanica var. green santolina 24.Paeonia officinalis.Astrantia major.Vitis.Sempervivum tectorum.Reseda luteola. germander 43.Pyrus communis. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Hyssopus officinalis.30.Thymus praecox subsp. wild 52. dwarf edging box 21.Sium sisarum. masterwort 69. Rosmarinus officinalis. bronze 64.Perillafrutescens. pot bergamot marjoram 7. sweet woodruff45.Symphytum officinale. daffodil 17. fern-leaf tansy 5. 55. weld 54.Tanacetum vulgare var. orris box 22.James D. florentina.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Stachys byzantina.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. blue 50. 58. rosemary 25.Lavandula dentata. 48.Taxus. chamomile 31.Asarum europaeum. Satureja montana.Helleborus niger. apothecary's rose lavender 20. clove pink 29. gray 37.Buxus sempervirens. alpine 60. winter savory 32.Helleborus orientalis.Armeria maritima.Allium schoenoprasum. 59. arcticus 38. white 66. thrift 41. Dianthus caryophyllus.Arisaema dracontium.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. white dead 49. green.Asclepias tuberosa. 62. French thyme Madonna lily 16. Origanum majorana. 'Albus'. 67. 65. 1. marjoram lungwort crispum. 26.Pulmonaria officinalis. white creeping thyme French'. Pelargonium in variety.Lilium candidum. sweet European ginger cicely 3. 56. blue hyssop 42. valerian 6. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Tropaeolum majus.Foeniculum vulgare. Chamaemelum nobile. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. arcticus 40.Thymus praecox subsp.

< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Rosa 'Albertine'. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. pink. At the top of the steps. but no panacea for the maintenance required. include this one. rising from the courtyard. However. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. They are small specialty beds. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. The large. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. In addition to the brick edging around each. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. If there is room for only one rambler rose. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. < previous page page_56 next page > . The brick edging around each bed is a help. with buds of red.

English thyme . lemon balm 42.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lavender 4. Angelica archangelica. garden sage 40. 23. rhubarb 2. 1. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Borago officinalis. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. alpine strawberry 3.Thymus × citriodorus. caraway 24. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Tanacetum vulgare. bush basil 43. foxglove 39.Melissa officinalis.Rheum rhabarbarum. angelica 20. winter savory 41. Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. Carum carvi.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. tansy Bois'. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. 22.Satureja montana. subsp.

moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia elegans. 45.Mentha × piperita var. Consolida ambigua. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. blue hyssop 25.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Chrysanthemum 46.Marrubium vulgare.Dianthus Victoria'.Anethum graveolens 47. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. borboniana 'La Reine 14. French 33. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Pelargonium. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . 36.Chenopodium 55. French'. 31.R. cheddar pink 53.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.R.Lavandula dentata. Thymus 'Argenteus'. muscosa 15.'Albertine'.Satureja hortensis.R. clove pink Mammoth'. sweet 37. pot 50. silver 27. 29. musk rose 12.R. bourbon rose 10.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. centifolia 'Cristata'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R.R.sativa. salad 7. 35. centifolia var.Origanum majorana. Mexican tea 18. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. prostrate rosemary 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Chrysanthemum. geranium in 30.R. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Tagetes filifolia. Pelargonium graveolens. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. Irish-lace 48.Chrysanthemum balsamita. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. citrata. thyme frutescens.Teucrium chamaedrys. pineapple34. Hyssopus officinalis. 56. rose 28.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley 26. 49.6. marguerite chive 9.Calendula officinalis. lemon 51. var. 54. centifolia.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.'Baronne Prevost'.R. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.

A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. < previous page page_58 next page > . Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Laid in an unusual pattern. It is near the house. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. as it should be. too. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Balance is augmented. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

19. chive lemon verbena 6.Lucile Teeter Kissack. The number in each planting area is the key number.A.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. double white peony 5. English'. 24.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. 17.S. 1. gray 15.Santolina virens. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Satureja hortensis. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. Rosmarinus officinalis.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. A. heliotrope 3.Poterium sanguisorba. arcticus 'Albus'.Heliotropium arborescens. English thyme signet marigold 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 20. green 22.Ocimum basilicum.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. sweet basil 14. dill 9. santolina moss rose 7. angustifolia 'Munstead'. blue hyssop 13. lavender 2.Thymus praecox subsp.Myosotis sylvatica.Salvia officinalis. dwarf edging box 8.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Anethum graveolens. 16. 21.L.Origanum majorana. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosemary yellow viola 10.Allium schoenoprasum. 23.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Aloysia triphylla. white creeping thyme 4.

potted lemon verbena. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and the grape arbor. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. winter pruned. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and a comfortable. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. < previous page page_60 next page > . too. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The grape vines. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. Herbs. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. the fence with roses. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Galium odoratum. Valeriana officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. sweet climbing rose. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Stachys byzantina. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Teucrium chamaedrys. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. 3. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. BED II germander BED IV 2. marsh climbing rose. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. lovage Myrrhis odorata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. conical yew rosemary 1. three. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Nepeta mussinii. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Althaea officinalis. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'.Amsonia tabernaemontana. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. purple variegated garden sage 4. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Iris cristata. lemon Linum perenne. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua.Connecticut Vera Breed. Aloysia triphylla.

creeping thyme in variety 8. Rosmarinus officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Delphinium × belladonna. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. beach Marrubium vulgare. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. lavender 10. plume Baptisia australis. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Chamaemelum nobile. Thymus × citriodorus.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. houseleek in variety 7. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. tuberosa 6. fairy rose Giant'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. catmint 5. lemon Anemone hybrida. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Sempervivum. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lemon thyme 9. Thymus.

or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. silver. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. grew too large. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Herbs. myrtle. planted in bands across these beds. Either it flourished too well. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. holly. magnolia. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. tend to broaden the width of the garden. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. its detail is shown below. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. and bright green in the herb beds. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. if desired. Later. blue green. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Another angle could be tried with these. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Ivy. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

silver-king artemisia 23. purple basil savory 35. Stachys byzantina. lemon 46. English ivy burnet 10.Thymus doerfleri. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Tanacetum vulgare. gray santolina 15. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. English thyme chamomile 2.Buxus sempervirens 14.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. woolly thyme 8. arcticus 'Albus'. purple garden sage 7.Thymus × citriodorus.Monarda didyma. sweet 34. thyme 37.Pelargonium graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. Ocimum basilicum 24.Origanum majorana. sweet woodruff 36. salad 43. lemon 29.Pelargonium × nervosum. 28.Levisticum officinale. bee balm30. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. lamb's.Satureja montana.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 1. Ruta graveolens.Thymus 'Argenteus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.19. tansy 45.Thymus carnosus.Artemisia dracunculus var.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. French 27.Thymus praecox subsp.Vinca minor.Chamaemelum nobile. 33. 49.Rumex scutatus.Mentha suaveolens. caraway thyme 40.Ilex opaca. bay rosemary 12. Borago officinalis.Mentha spicata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 25. French thyme 39.Teucrium chamaedrys. Tropaeolum minus.Magnolia grandiflora. lovage 48. English'. 44. lime geranium 4. white creeping thyme 41.Poterium sanguisorba. Ocimum basilicum 22. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. 'Minimum'. spearmint 42.Pelargonium fragrans.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. bayberry balm thyme 13. borage 26. thyme 38. winter 'Purpurascens'. box chamaecyparissus.Laurus nobilis. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia. myrtle 47. dwarf edging box 11. rue 20. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. dwarf 21.Thymus herba-barona. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . bush basil albula. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Myrica pensylvanica. 6. horehound germander 17.Galium odoratum.Artemisia abrotanum.Hedera helix. ears rose geranium 3.Melissa officinalis. American holly 31.

Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. It is located for the best viewing. standards. adding to the space for walking. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. and treessome of which are espaliered. It is a large garden. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. < previous page page_64 next page > . The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Laurus nobilis. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The use of flagstone. too. maypoles. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. potted shrubs. too. accent this prime focal point even more. There is variety in the walks. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. brick. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. The four potted bay. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively.

fragrans.P. Satureja montana.Chrysanthemum balsamita. winter 27.odoratissimum. wild 28. 1. lemon 29. Thymus × citriodorus. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.P.53.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. apple English thyme up geranium 3.Chenopodium botrys.quercifolium.50.P.P.Viola tricolor. love-in. 25.Calendula officinalis. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. Johnny-jump. 26.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.Nigella damascena. 51. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pot 52. musty oakscented geranium 5. 49.acerifolium. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .P.

Acorus calamus.P.Salvia caerulea. crowfoot 70.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus serpyllum. horehound 46. 62.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. denticulatum 11. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. wild thyme 31.P.P. 64. 58.Lavandula angustifolia. 44. graveolens. glutinosum.P. classic 21. lemon 65.Monarda didyma.Anethum graveolens.× nervosum. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.P.P. golden lemon thyme 7. crispum 'Minor'. rosemary 9. English lavender 32. lemon-rose geranium 22. box 19. arcticus43. lemon geranium 56. fern-leaf 'Nana'. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. cherry tomato chive 17.P.Poncirus trifoliata. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. 57. bronze 38.Achilleafilipendula. radens. fern-leaf 60. 41.Petroselinum crispum.Viola odorata.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. crispum.P. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Marrubium vulgare. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Malus angustifolia. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. lemon 47.P.P. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. French tarragon Rose'.Myrtus communis.72.Melissa officinalis. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. bee balm 63. 61.Thymus praecox subsp. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Allium schoenoprasum.6. parsley 35.Tanacetum vulgare var. rose geranium66.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Artemisia abrotanum.Origanum dictamnus. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. garden sage 54.Forsythia. 71.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. dill 36. sweet flag 16. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. blue hyssop 10. sweet 37. lime geranium 55. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Pelargonium crispum.Mentha pulegium. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . radens 'Dr.Poterium sanguisorba. lettuce 39.Origanum majorana.Laurus nobilis. Hyssopus officinalis. pine crispum.Aloysia triphylla. denticulatum. lettuce 40. bay 20. lemon balm 45. salad 42.P.Mentha. forsythia 'Albus'.Livingston'. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.P. pheasant's. camphor-scented geranium 69. tomentosum. orange geranium 23. Chamaemelum nobile.Levisticum officinale.Allium senescens var. strawberry 48. peppermint 67. lemon geranium 33. chamomile 8.P.Fragaria vesca.Malus.

< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. < previous page page_66 next page > . It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The result is one of sculptured elegance. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. and Allium karataviense. too. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. green santolina. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. In keeping with this feeling.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Florence B.Salvia officinalis.Satureja montana. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . gray 10. fringed 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium sativa. 15. chive 4. winter savory 9.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia frigida.Liriope muscari.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. big blue lilyturf 12. Baker. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 18. green santolina 14. dwarf garden 17. blue hyssop 16.Hyssopus officinalis.Allium christophii.Allium moly. French tarragon schoenoprasum. Mentha suaveolens. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. lemon 11. wormwood fennel 2. 1. arcticus. Santolina virens. apple mint 13. 8. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Artemisia dracunculus var.Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

the circle. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the square. and the front porch of the house. for the box after new spring growth. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. < previous page page_70 next page > . and for the lavender when its bloom is past. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Many herb gardens could provide this. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the upper deck. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. Italian cypress 9.Satureja montana. viola 3. lemon 8. winter savory 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 2. 1.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Cedrus deodara.Cupressus sempervirens.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf edging box 7. lavender 5. dwarf myrtle 6.

Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Paths are gravel. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Coin with Tudor rose design. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. as it was with this plan. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together.. Roses. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. from Peter Coats. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

English pasqueflower primrose 14. English daisy 36.Myrtus communis. parsley 29. 25.Calendula officinalis.Fumaria officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare. classic myrtle 18. spearmint 30. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. oxlip 17. Malva sylvestris. absinthe peppermint 8. 19. chamomile 4.Crocus sativus.Poterium sanguisorba.Fragaria vesca. caraway 35. Eryngium maritimum.Primula elatior.Melissa officinalis. sweet marjoram 3. sweet violet 6. Hyssopus officinalis. yellow flag 26. blue hyssop 2. 22. saffron lily crocus 12.Anemone pulsatilla.Primula vulgaris.Crithmum maritimum. Chamaemelum nobile.Petroselinum crispum.Viola tricolor.Buxus sempervirens. salad burnet 10. Origanum majorana.Lactuca sativa.Lilium candidum. lettuce 28. 34. Madonna 23.The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon balm 31.Mentha × piperita.Lavandula angustifolia. clove20. earth 24. Dianthus caryophyllus. rosemary 16. 1. winter 32.Mentha spicata.Rosmarinus officinalis. monkshood27. mallow 13.Satureja montana.Iris pseudacorus. wild thyme 5.Viola odorata. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. Thymus serpyllum.Ruta graveolens. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Carum carvi. rue 33. pot marigold 15.Aconitum napellus. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Bellis perennis. fennel 21.

Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop." Concrete blocks. white. most of the blooms are nightscented. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. along with a measure of fragrance. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. white blooms and woolly. spurred. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. but Always Love. plumed. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . silver mound. However. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. Selected for this reason. its tufted. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance.

petunia 30. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. Stachys byzantina. 17. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. silver mound artemisia 3.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. white . white 32.Marrubiam vulgare.Galanthus nivalis.Lilium candidum. 'Albus'.19.Dictamnus albus.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's.Galium odoratum. Dianthus 'White Lace'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. silver 16. Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet 31. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. 1.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. pink 15. horehound 2. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.

sweet violet 20.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Yucca filamentosa. white 27. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Artemisia stellerana.Convallaria majalis. white 22.Lunaria annua. dame's honesty rocket 14. orris 8.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. white stock absinthe 10. tulip 37. tuberose 36. rose 40.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. lily-ofthe-valley 11. Viola odorata. Artemisia lactiflora.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. Artemisia absinthium. tulip 38.Hesperis matronalis. daffodil 35. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. 23.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Ipomoea alba. needle florentina. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .21.Matthiola incana.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Iris × germanica var. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Chrysanthemum parthenium.6. 26.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. western mugwort 7.Artemisia ludoviciana.Salvia sclarea. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. 25. lavender 12. Adam's. 28. clary 24. albula.Polianthes tuberosa.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. rose 41.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. moonflower 39.

textures. < previous page page_76 next page > . Rather. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. required their use as an educational adjunct. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. This herb garden. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Many of these herbs lack the hues. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. too. related to an old mill reconstruction.

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Sanguinaria canadensis. Linum usitatissimum.Coreopsis tinctoria.Anchusa officinalis.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 32.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. fuller's 30. Abutilon theophrasti. 37.Monarda didyma. goldthread 41. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Mahonia aquifolium. 53. French 33. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Morus rubra or alba. 1. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Furcraea hexapetala.38. woad Susan laevifolium. garden 56. 47.Convallaria majalis.Tagetes erecta.Crocus sativus. St. Gossypium hirsutum. ramie 24. peach bracken sorrel 19.Chelidonium majus. stinging nettle44. blueberry 13. sweet 49.Viburnum acerifolium.Pteridium aquilinum.Parmelia conspersa. 39.Carthamus tinctorius. 43. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. alkanet 52. African 45.Allium cepa.Galium odoratum. 29. lily. yellow 55. weld 57. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Rhus typhina.Tagetes patula. golden 40. 23.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Agave fourcroydes. Boehmeria nivea.Rudbeckia hirta. queen. dyer's broom safflower 6.Prunus persica. Hibiscus cannabinus.Rumex obtusifolius. Sansevieria trifasciata.Phytolacca americana. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Polygonum hydropiperoides.51.Anthemis tinctoria.Cotinus coggygria.Cladrastis lutea.Cytisus scoparius. madder 54. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. 28.Rumex acetosa.Reseda luteola. Agave sisalana.Hypericum perforatum.Ligustrum vulgare. broad 42. sisal 27. onion China jute 4. 26.. bee 36.Coptis trifolia.Indigofera tinctoria.Galium verum.Isatis tinctoria. 34. barberry teasel woodruff 12. flax 21.Filipendula ulmaria.Berberis vulgaris. dyer's 31.46. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. black-eyed 50. Manila 25. saffron crocus marguerite 3. privet marigold 15.Genista germanica. sumac poke 17.Rubia tinctorum. Musa textilis. Scotch broom hemp 7. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Solidago species.Dipsacus sativus.Urtica dioica. 48. 22. 35.Hydrastis canadensis.Agrimonia eupatoria. 20. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Genista tinctoria.

a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. < previous page page_78 next page > . pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. A totally appealing edging. at each end of the garden and at each entrance.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Elsewhere. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. as well as the roses. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. cl. 'Sombreuil'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . rambler 20. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 25. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Belle Amour' 6. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 24. 22. Alfred de Rougemont'. rambler 19. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Legras de St. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'American Pillar'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 1. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Mme. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. the second shows the number of plants to be used. cl. 'Seven Sisters'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Mignonette' 5. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. cl. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 23. 18. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. cl. 'Crimson Rambler' 21.

The notch of four square feet. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. < previous page page_80 next page > . but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. Circles and angles provide interest.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.A. annuum 'Variegata'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. graveolens 'French Dinant'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. chive 42.annuum 'Floral Gem'. melongena 1. Petroselinum crispum var. annuum 'Red Boy'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. curly eggplant parsley 23. Capsicum annuum var.A.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. red 38. celery I 31. 32.esculentum 'Long Black'.B. annuum 'Golden Bell'. C. annuum 'Mosaic'.S.C.B. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. C. graveolens var. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. dulce 50.B. kohlrabi Rock'. oleracea 'Prima'. 29. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.A. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. 26. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.S. red 37. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.A.C.C.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.A. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. 30. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.B. 39. lycopersicum var. 22. graveolens var. white-flowered kale 49. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. Beauty'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.Cichorium intybus. celery Bed 9. 28.A. annuum 'Fips'. 45.A. 25. 48. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. dulce 47. garlic chive 44. tuberosum. shallot Lakes'.L. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . celery Group. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.B. schoenoprasum. 24. eggplant 43. pear Purple Vienna'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.B. red-flowered kale 6. 27.sativa 'Ruby'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. scorodoprasum. C. ruby swiss chard var.L. graveolens var. oleracea 'Red Acre'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. annuum 'Pinocchio'.B. giant garlic var.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. Boerner. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. crispum 'Banquet'. C.B. sprouts celery 8. C.B. melongena 2. C. dulce 'Utah 5270'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.B. C. leek 5. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. annuum 'Black Prince'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. cepa Proliferum Group.A.Solanum melongena var. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. annuum 'Nosegay'.B. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. cherry tomato 34.C.Apium graveolens var. 40.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. oleracea 'Green Parade'.C.C.A. annuum 'Teno'.

The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. winter savory. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. arcs. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. All of the circles. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. for each is a complete entity. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and golden thyme. When viewed from the terrace above.

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P. Teucrium chamaedrys. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P. × domesticum 6. Livingston'. radens 'Dr. winter 13. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . 17.S.A. 15. tomentosum.P.Melissa R. scabrum. Satureja montana. lime geranium Rose'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Santolina virens. apple gray santolina geranium 3. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. orange geranium 8.P.P.Myrica pensylvanica. crispum. acerifolium. germander crowfoot geranium 21. pungent-scented geranium 25.Ilex glabra. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. P.P.P. P. lemon geranium 22.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. 1. Marshall. gooseberry geranium 24.P..× nervosum.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. maple-leaved 18. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P. odoratissimum. grossularioides.P. apricot geranium28. P. crispum 'French Lace. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. golden 11.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. 19. The number in each planting area is the key number.P.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Assoc.P. 12. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. rose geranium 27. 29.L. rose-scented geranium 4. peppermint 26.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. A. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Landscape Architect. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. inkberry geranium 9. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. graveolens.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. oak-leaved geranium 16.' lemon geranium 23. green 14.

The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast.Lavandula angustifolia. and growth to the plants of the knot design. . For the knot to look its best at all times." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. on page 37. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. such as a dwarf edging box.Santolina virens. or marble chips. texture. especially when it is blooming. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. English lavender 2.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. was planted using edging box only. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. 1.Hyssopus officinalis. which is framed with a brick edging. blue hyssop 3. To ease the care for a more complicated design. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. sand. Its interspaces can be mulched. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. filled with plants that have contrasting color. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. closed knot design. Maintenance is high for a knot. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.

dwarf edging box 4. green santolina 2. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. gray santolina 3.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.

Teucrium chamaedrys. fig 4. 1. which are confined to that area. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. herba-barona. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. Some maintenance is required for clipping.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. creeping thymes.S.officinalis 'Tricolor'. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. which is found more often out in the open.T.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. arcticus 'Albus'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. the height of the edging. rosemary creeping thyme 2. purple variegated 11. 8.T. variegated garden sage . Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. In another departure from the usual. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. The knot material is maintained at six inches. 'Munstead'. white 7. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. praecox subsp.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. caraway thyme 9. arcticus 'Coccineus'.

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Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 2. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. American germander 3.Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. lavender .

< previous page page_86 next page > .

setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. germander .

Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. again laid on edge. pleasing color. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. < previous page page_88 next page > . The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. which are also laid on edge. adding another facet to an appealing design. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. each one a quarter-circle. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. a complement for the colors of the plant material.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

candicans.Crithmum maritimum. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia arborescens. lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 17. Russian sage 24. silver thyme 6. lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Teucrium fruticans. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number. 18. blue sage 13. glaucum 11.Helichrysum angustifolium.Anthemis tinctoria. curry plant 7.Marrubium incanum.Anthemis marschalliana.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. gray santolina 2.Lavandula dentata var.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. rue 21.Leontopodium alpinum. silver sage 15. tree germander 22. golden marguerite 25. silver horehound 19. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Allium senescens var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Perovskia atriplicifolia. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Stachys byzantina. French lavender 3.Salvia clevelandii. dwarf 12.Salvia argentea.Thymus 'Argenteus'. dwarf gray santolina 20. samphire14. 16. tree artemisia 26. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. lavender 9.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Santolina neapolitana 10.Artemisia frigida.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. woolly yarrow 23.

Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. sweet marjoram. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. basil. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. < previous page page_90 next page > . Styles of containers. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. and the savories. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. As with other plant material. which include hanging baskets. Some are rosemary. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. thyme. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. are without number. lady's-mantle. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. The color of the container plays a lesser role. If one is familiar with herbs. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. oregano.

< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > . as with this container herb garden. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. providing herbs in abundance.

< previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children.A. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. However. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. such an outlay would be unwarranted.L. If children's interest is not sustained. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. Of course supervision is necessary. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. A. LandscapeArchitect. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. < previous page page_95 next page > .S.

There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. A sundial can be fun and also educational. they are easily handpicked." selected for their greater fragrance. Instead of benches on the patio. Children in this age group can help with the construction. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. too. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Just keep a garden design for children simple. < previous page page_96 next page > . and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. These are ''old roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers.

. A.L.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. Landscape Architect.A.

Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Rosa gallica. love-in-a-mist 14. Levisticum officinale. 1. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Calendula officinalis. English lavender 7. dwarf 6. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. 19. damask rose 32. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Artemisia abrotanum. lovage 12. Nigella damascena. lily leek 30.Hedeoma pulegioides. garden sage 24. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Chenopodium botrys. catnip 27. garlic chive 29.Salvia sclarea.Salvia officinalis. borage 15.Nepeta cataria.Isatis tinctoria. 16. dill pennyroyal 11.Lavandula angustifolia. English lavender 4. pot marigold 8. alpine strawberry 3.Artemisia camphorata. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Petroselinum crispum var. crispum.Tropaeolum minus. clary 25. summer savory 22. southernwood 5.Allium senescens var.Allium tuberosum. glaucum 31.Anethum graveolens. 20.Allium sativum var. cottage pink 18.Marrubium vulgare. horehound 26.Satureja hortensis. Petroselinum crispum var. ambrosia 2.rocambole 28. 13. Italian parsley 23. American 21. Dianthus plumarius. ophioscorodon.Allium moly. Borago officinalis. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. neapolitanum.Rosa damascena.Origanum majorana.

plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. All are inviting to the touch. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. not noted on the plan. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. The oval. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. are a seal and a turtle. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. < previous page page_98 next page > . previously used as a skating rink. The sculptures. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy.

A.A. F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .R. Landscape Architect.

fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. Foeniculum vulgare. Trifolium pratense. winter savory Mentha. cowslip Linaria. Allium schoenoprasum. mint Tagetes. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. dog violet Lemna. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. chamomile Mentha. bee orchid Erigeron. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . pussy-toes Celosia cristata. chive dandelion Allium sativum. English Tussilago farfara. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. bee balm Satureja montana. Nepeta cataria. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Greek Stachys byzantina. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. fleabane Stellaria. duckweed Antennaria. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. tansy Monarda didyma. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. coltsfoot Mimulus. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. mint Galium odoratum. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. borage Tanacetum vulgare. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. marigold Salvia officinalis. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. lousewort Viola canina. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. fat-hen Primula veris. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera.

makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. feverfew. Their height eases the task of weeding. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. Its plant list. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. developed particularly for study. < previous page page_101 next page > . it is a most satisfying growing situation. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. Still. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Instead.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. a mint. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A number of wooden window frames. are superb for displaying potted herbs. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and old barn beams another about the same height. for an old barn foundation of stone. its wooden structure long gone. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. an exceedingly long one. Here.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

stellerana. rose sativa.Agastache cana.Angelica archangelica.Lavandula angustifolia.T.Viola tricolor.Ocimum basilicum. camphorata. officinalis 'Tricolor'. 64. arcticus 'Albus'.Hyssopus officinalis. graveolens. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. garden sage 84. skirret 90.T. 'Purpurascens'.T. 44.Pulmonaria officinalis.A. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. golden marjoram 26.49.Genista tinctoria. 55. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Digitalis purpurea. winter savory 88. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Campanula rapunculus. basil blue hyssop 15. beach 47.Levisticum officinale. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Ranunculus ficaria. pink 58.P.T. tomentosum.Plantago major.Achillea millefolium. praecox subsp. caraway thyme 103. 54.A.S. golden thyme 98.Satureja montana. sweet cicely 94. lesser 67. variegated garden sage 87. sweet 41. purple variegated garden sage 85. lemon 52.T. odorous thyme 104. officinalis 'Aurea'. purple basil English lavender 18. southernwood houseleek 12. balm horehound 14.A.O. rampion 81.O. absinthe 51.Calendula officinalis. angelica lemon geranium 5.Veronica serpyllifolia.Chrysanthemum balsamita. majorana. bee balm lovage 20. viper's 65.T. thyme 102.A.Geranium robertianum. nitidus.Nepeta mussinii. rue 83.Rubia tinctorum. camphor.Stachys officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 95.Myrrhis odorata. Grecian 59. sweet celandine marjoram 28. 66.Physalis heterophylla. basilicum 'Minimum'.Chelidonium majus. praecox subsp.Ruta graveolens. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Hypericum perforatum.Sempervivum tectorum. French tarragon geranium 7.Viola odorata. crimson creeping thyme 96.O. basilicum 56.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. catmint 63.O. 1.Campanula persicifolia.Salvia officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys.A. pot marigold 25. alpine savory 89. rosemary 82. celandine madder 79. creeping veronica . betony 92.A. southernwood ground cherry 10.S.Melissa officinalis. marsh mallow 13.Valeriana officinalis.T. abrotanum.Echium vulgare. odoratissimum. 62. sweet violet 40. 50.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.M. 43. pallasianus.Acinos alpinus. Roman 46. rose costmary campion 23.S.Artemisia dracunculus var. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.T. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. 60.Marrubium vulgare.Stachys grandifora 93.Asarum canadense. × citriodorus. absinthium. golden variegated garden sage 86. 48.Digitalis lanata. mosquito plant 19.Aloysia triphylla. foxglove 2. 42. 'Clear Gold'. onites. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Althaea officinalis.Calamintha grandiflora.P.Agastache foeniculum.Thymus praecox subsp. 45. lemon verbena 106. sweet 53. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Alchemilla vulgaris. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. yarrow herb Robert 4.P.Sium sisarum. plantain 80.Euphorbia cyparissias.Lychnis coronaria.Pelargonium crispum.O. wild lemon basil ginger 16. white creeping thyme 97.Monarda didyma. St. didyma 'Rosea'. apple wormwood geranium 8. crispum. wormwood germander 9.Rosmarinus officinalis.-John'swort 91.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon thyme 100. bee balm57. 61. pontica.Galium odoratum.T 'Argenteus'. calamint valerian 24. woolly thyme 101. dyer's woodruff broom 3. silver thyme 105. golden lemon thyme 99. herba-barona. richardii subsp.

Madonna lily leucanthemum. garlic 111. spicata.Origanum dictamnus.Lilium candidum. ostrowskianum 34.A. 71. apple mint 69. chicory 70.V. × piperita var.M.Cichorium intybus. spearmint 107.Atriplex hortensis.29. cowslip 72. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Chamaemelum nobile. orach115.Prunus pensylvanica.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Oenothera biennis.Chrysanthemum 78. 114.M. curry plant mullein 35.Yucca filamentosa.Verbascum thapsus. 73. Proliferum Group.Lysimachia vulgaris. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.A. pineapple mint 31.Primula veris. tree onion 112. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . chervil 68. yucca 109. blattaria. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Chrysanthemum 74.Dianthus plumarius 75. orange mint 32. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Origanum vulgare.M. citrata.Veronica officinalis. feverfew cinerariifolium. moth 113. pin cherry 39.Symphytum officinale.Myrtus communis. red mint comfrey 33. wild 116.Allium sativum. 76. chamomile 30.M. veronica 108.cepa. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Helichrysum angustifolium.Anthriscus cerefolium.Laurus nobilis.Mentha suaveolens. × gentilis.Isatis tinctoria. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. evening 77. dyer's woad 110.

Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A statue of St. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. but not obvious. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. A wheelshaped bed. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. not just hiding it. < previous page page_104 next page > . its outline constructed of brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Francis. of good proportion for the size of the opening. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

cat Watsonia rosea. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. loquat Cichorium intybus. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. white Justicia carnea. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. Sidney Ephedra viridis. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. Eriobotrya japonica. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. menthifolia. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. Cestrum nocturnum. poet's Solidago californica. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. AREA VI japonica. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. labdanum Cistus crispus. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Vetiveria zizanioides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Eleocharis dulcis. potato Brassica eruca. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. lion's-ear prismaticum.

< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. but also for proper leaf size. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. an "old rose" and fragrant. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. scented-leaf geraniums. The exterior brick path. is a center of interest. emphasizes the circle. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. or potpourri. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. One is a garden of legends. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. < previous page page_106 next page > . the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. another a Mary garden. to name a few. and a third a culinary garden. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. not only for hardiness where needed.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Alchemilla vulgaris. spearmint 22. pyrethrum 5. 27. English ivy rosemary 8.Allium schoenoprasum. garden up sage 10. Johnny-jump. black 23. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. Viola tricolor. blue 18.Calendula officinalis. Hyssopus officinalis. chive bedstraw 16.Narcissus mustard 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lamium album.Origanum majorana. Anethum graveolens.Salvia officinalis. white dead 24. costmary 6. pot 26.Mentha spicata.Galium verum. sweet marjoram basil 12.Rosmarinus officinalis.20.Ocimum basilicum. Linum usitatissimum.19.Ornithogalum umbellatum. flax 17.Crocus sativus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. angelica 2. rue 28.Ruta graveolens. saffron crocus marigold 7. yellow 25. sweet 21. English thyme 13. dill 11. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus. Artemisia absinthium. 1. hyssop rose 9. chamomile 3.Hedera helix. Chamaemelum nobile. Angelica archangelica.Brassica nigra. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. absinthe 4. lady's.

this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. < previous page page_108 next page > . Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest.

Artemisia absinthium. rue Malva alcea var. blue Lamium maculatum. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. fastigiata. Cotinus coggygria. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. perennial flax Galium odoratum. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. sweet Myrtus communis. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. clove Marrubium vulgare. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. peppermint Laurus nobilis. bay Echeveria × imbricata. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. beach Monarda didyma. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Myrrhis odorata. spearmint Mentha × piperita. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. lemon balm Mentha spicata. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. Russian 'Prostratus'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. thyme Cnicus benedictus.

simply on a smaller scale. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. Appropriately used as accents. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. The generous use of edgings. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. and huge. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. This is a general rule observed. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. too. < previous page page_110 next page > . millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. Viewed from the terrace garden. features a closed knot of superior design.

The number in each planting area is the key number. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. angustifolia 'Munstead'. germander 2.A. blue hyssop 3. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.L. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Teucrium chamaedrys. of greater size than is commonly found. Routine clipping is required.Hyssopus officinalis. 'Tiny Rubies'. dwarf box . and the mulch.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. gray santolina 7. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. lavender 5. Design plan of herb garden 1.Santolina virens.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.S.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. has its size dictated by a rule of design. cheddar pink 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. six feet in diameter. Landscape Architect. A. that of good proportion. green santolina 6.

spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. box Calycanthus fioridus. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. beach plum Corylus avellana. japonica. dogwood Pinus nigra. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. plum Prunus maritima. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. honey locust Cornus florida. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. box Myrica pensylvanica.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. quince Magnolia virginiana. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. shadbush Salix caprea. black haw Prunus americana. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. goat willow Sassafras albidum.

The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Rosmarinus. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. its plant material varied. 'Argenteus'. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. silver thyme T. Lavandula. arcticus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. However. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. caraway thyme T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. leucotrichus T. herba-barona. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. 'Annie Hall' T. doerfleri T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Doone Valley' . This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. Salvia. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. Currently. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. and a miscellany of others. As a rule. praecox subsp.

golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia. guaranitica. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. purple variegated garden sage S. dentata. woolly thyme T. angustifolia subsp. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. sweet lavender L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R.T. greggii. 'Clear Gold'. blue sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. praecox subsp. angustissimus. golden rosemary R. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustifolia subsp. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. leucantha. ramie . angustifolia subsp. English lavender L. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. anise sage S. pine-scented rosemary R. autumn sage S. Mexican bush sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. golden thyme T. involucrata. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. heterophylla.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

L. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. family needsmedicinal. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. balmony. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. rupturewort. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Equisetum arvense. The house. a well beside the house. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Primarily. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. to lure bees. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. horsetail. The apple trees. Circumstances determined these priorities. Smith. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. obedient plant. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Cheloneglabra. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Physostegia virginiana. culinary. Herniaria glabra. constructed of brick made on the property. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Hesperis matronalis. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Prunella vulgaris. used in salads or boiled. to sweeten the air. which were located between the water supply. for scrubbing pots. Sium sisarum.

At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. too. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. < previous page page_116 next page > . The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. while functional. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Today. for a few are in use now. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. too.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

yellow 12. pomegranate 3.Pinus taeda.Lagerstroemia indica.Sambucus canadensis. 15.Lonicera sempervirens. bay 7. fig 6.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa banksiae.Wisteria frutescens.Ficus carica. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Syringa × persica var. wisteria 13. southern laciniata. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Prunus angustifolia. Banksia rose 14. Cape jasmine 10. Gardenia jasminoides.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. 16. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Punica granatum. rosemary 2. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Allium sativum. trumpet 11.Malus angustifolia. garlic 9.Laurus nobilis.Lonicera flava.

< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. too. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. The effect would be quite different without them. Appropriately. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. < previous page page_118 next page > . The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Italy.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

catnip 34.Armoracia rusticana.Rubus allegheniensis.Xanthoriza simplicissima. peppermint 52.Paeonia officinalis. rue 56. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. 63. sativa. St.Calendula officinalis. 38.Ilex opaca. 37.Pinckneya pubens.Hyssopus officinalis. great 47. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Laurus nobilis.Chamaemelum nobile. 43.Teucrium chamaedrys.Borago officinalis. fuller's teasel 67. dill 39. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Anethum graveolens. blue 46.Salvia officinalis. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Mentha pulegium. saffron crocus 25. 30. yarrow lungwort 22. 61. sweet flag marigold 24. 45. clove 36. 50. hyssop sassafras 20. balm autumn crocus 2.Levisticum officinale. 54. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Chimaphila umbellata. sweet shrub 10. lemon 26. garden sage 59. 42. basil chive 3. borage 31. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Monarda didyma. trumpet honeysuckle 4. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Artemisia dracunculus var. black 29.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lindera benzoin.Allium schoenoprasum. foxglove 41. senna woodruff 15.Colchicum autumnale.Galium odoratum.Populus balsamifera.Buxus sempervirens.Lonicera sempervirens.Asarum virginicum. wild ginger69. fennel 40.Calycanthus fioridus.Dipsacus sativus. 60. myrtle 53.Punica granatum.Tanacetum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. tansy 65.Artemisia abrotanum. mullein 49. 55. yellow-root 7.Elizabeth Lawrence.Achillea millefolium. sweet 64. dogwood horehound 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Marrubium vulgare.Cornus florida. spearmint 62.Agrimonia eupatoria.Vinca minor.Cimicifuga racemosa.Verbascum thapsus.Cassia marilandica.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. bee balm 28.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Monarda punctata.Sassafras albidum.Crocus sativus. bay lavender wintergreen 21. 70. 66.Ilex vomitoria. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Ruta graveolens.Gaultheria procumbens.Digitalis purpurea. 33.Symphytum officinale.Asclepias tuberosa. blue 44.Rosa laevigata. American holly 16.Mentha × piperita. 1. butterfly 32.Pulmonaria officinalis.Nepeta cataria.Acorus calamus. horsemint lobelia 23.Lobelia siphilitica. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. lovage 35.Ocimum basilicum. peony 51.Hamamelis virginiana.Foeniculum vulgare. 68. sweet 27.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis.Hypericum perforatum.Dianthus caryophyllus. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. pot 48. agrimony 58.57.Lilium candidum. box chamomile 9. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. of herbs for one loaf of bread. This is true for the remedies. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. < previous page page_120 next page > . It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. and fragrances they developed. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. preventives.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. In any event. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others.

Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium.Carum carvi.Digitalis purpurea.Lavandula angustifolia. black haw 23.Papaver somniferum.Mentha × piperita.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. horehound 15. opium poppy 5.Cydonia oblonga. blue hyssop 21. sweet marjoram 6. English thyme rosemary 7.Viburnum prunifolium. horsemint 20.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana. catnip 16. caraway 19.Nepeta cataria. apothecary's rose 22.Pyrus communis.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana.Marrubium vulgare.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. sweet basil 13. 1. quince 24.Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare. peppermint 18. winter savory 4. English 10. tansy 11. spearmint 17. absinthe 9. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . lavender lovage 3.Monarda punctata.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale. pot marigold 2. garden sage 8. foxglove 12. 14.Mentha spicata. Calendula officinalis.

for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. < previous page page_122 next page > . a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. and bricks raise the beds. makes it something of a focal point. Thus it was for this garden. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. to study it. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. centrally located. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and if the best has not always survived. The beds are used to achieve balance. for example the large square bed with circular path. Allowed such freedom of expression. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. one dated 1759. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. The main paths of brick unify the garden. often it is reconstructed. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. the other 1761. Shaded by hop vines. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. from early Moravian settlements. Some could be used singly. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose.

A. Campbell. Landscape Architect.S. .< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.L. A.

Salvia sclarea.Dianthus caryophyllus. black cumin 46.Saponaria officinalis. spearmint 57. 80. balm chive 37. French rose 18. absinthe 45.Passiflora incarnata. annual clary 3. love.Cnicus benedictus. English thyme 2.Rosa eglanteria.Stachys officinalis. 54.Allium schoenoprasum.77. grape larkspur 41.Rosa roxburghii.Althaea officinalis. parsley 32.Amaranthus caudatus. garden nasturtium 12.Vitis.Rosa centifolia.Cornusflorida. clove 53.Lilium candidum. lovage 9. comfrey 33.Levisticum officinale. 48. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. poet's narcissus 61. English 78. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. eglantine Group.Hyssopus officinalis. columbine 29. daisy crape myrtle 23.Rosa damascena. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Tropaeolum majus. orach 76. blue 69. yarrow 4. 81.Magnolia grandiflora.Anethum graveolens. garden sage 15.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana. 1.Rubia tinctorum.Rosmarinus officinalis. stock 50.Aquilegia vulgaris. catnip 70. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . 66. blessed thistle 8.Bellis perennis.Ruta graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number. rhubarb 10.Salvia officinalis. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Armoracia rusticana.Pulmonaria officinalis.Hydrangea quercifolia.Symphytum officinale.Scabiosa atropurpurea. caraway 72.Cercis canadensis.Clematis virginiana.Consolida ambigua. cabbage angustifolia.Asparagus officinalis. sweet 55.Chamaemelum nobile.Carum carvi. redbud 24. 52.Rosa gallica. clary 30.Rosa moschata.Tanacetum vulgare. mugwort67. marsh mallow 7.Papaver rhoeas.Tropaeolum minus.Ficus. chestnut rose 43. polyanthus narcissus 60.Salvia viridis. 62. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. tansy 6. rosemary49. madder 16.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Inula helenium.Artemisia vulgaris. asparagus 31.Achillea millefolium. garlic lungwort 36. autumn crocus 34. corn poppy 79.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia absinthium.Atriplex hortensis. borage 5. damask coriander rose 19.Foeniculum vulgare.Mentha spicata.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. elecampane 11.Nepeta cataria. hyssop maypop 42.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Mentha × piperita. sorrel 65.Matthiola incana. lavender rose 21.Melissa officinalis.Crocus sativus.Narcissus tazetta.Alcea rosea.Celosia cristata. sweet 71.Narcissus poeticus. basil moss rose 44.Rheum rhabarbarum.Petroselinum crispum. chamomile 17.Coriandrum sativum.Rumex acetosa.Humulus lupulus.Lagerstroemia indica. rue 14. dill 73. blue 63. fennel marjoram 28. hollyhock 51.Nigella sativa. 68. lemon 64. Carolina jessamine 38. Madonna lily 59.Gelsemium sempervirens.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. holy thistle 58.Silybum marianum. hop southernwood 39. dwarf nasturtium 13. cockscomb 47.Artemisia abrotanum.Borago officinalis. virgin's bower 40.Allium sativum.Colchicum autumnale. horehound 56. betony 82. red pepper 20. 74.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Although some observations may seem obvious. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. far from the house. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . The lesser the scale. and the north point is established. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. This space was never adequate. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The next most desirable exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. the western. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Calluna (heather). it is proper to make a trial run. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Thus. Usually this is least desirable. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. First. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. A ravine and existing. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. even boggy.

the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The outline is fixed. < previous page page_126 next page > . sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The new herb garden has been located. all four sides are so determined. Culinary herbs will fill a large. as the drawing on p. It was a pleasurable assignment. 127 indicates. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The general outline is similar. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. another is close to the rear of the house. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Indeed. certainly not precisely the same. and the search did not take long. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed.ground where drainage is better. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. single bed. a driveway on still another. but it need not be identical. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. There is the housegarage structure on one side. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Then. The. 77 provided the needed inspiration. and the property line on the last.

then north. this low wall will enclose the garden area. In fact. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. If all is well. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. There was no . a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. something is amiss. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. If. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. as in this case. Two drawings were required to work out problems. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. In addition. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. With the plan established. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. forming the outer boundary of the service path. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

this was. eight. However. However. Before edgings could be put in place. In this case. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. the eight-foot length was more practical. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. not one completed in a weekend. In the earlier stage of planning. At corners. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. however. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. In this area. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. A structural edging was in order. admittedly. a lapped joint was fashioned. . To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. and the finished edging would be effective. the site required some leveling.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Weeds. sand. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. could serve this purpose. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. Unfortunately. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. One is the ramp to the driveway. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. had been proof of that. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. This method of treatment now guarantees . Heavy black plastic. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. filling the beds with soil was next. but there are exits to different levels. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Paving for the terraced area is brick. A choice of five colors was available. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The pattern is running bond. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. leaves. selected for its simplicity. for they will likely have more traffic. The latter need to be more substantially paved. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. this same base underlies all the paths. Aged compost.

Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. even bed for the pavers. However. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > .All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. worth the added cost. on a trial run of one course of brick. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.

These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. since that path borders the house." their construction can be somewhat varied. . they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. Sometimes called "rubble drains. In this instance. and the steps to other levels. learned about decades earlier. converging where it was logical to do so. Herbs have flourished in the beds. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. With the completion of the paths. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. French drains. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. the terraced area.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. for it would interfere with the drainage system.

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CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. and so on. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. and so on. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. a garden plan. sixteenths of an inch. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. having a variety of gradations. twelfths of an inch. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. for example. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. is symmetrical. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. in tenths of an inch. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. albula. often a wall or trellis. hundredths of an inch. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. in inches. for example. Its arrow points north and. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. E EllipseAn oval. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. casts the shadow for the hour.

3). GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. heated especially by fermenting manure.3. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. a patterned garden. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. its compartments filled with flowers. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. roofed structure usually open on the sides. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. a flat. also called rubble drain. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. GrindstoneMillstone. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. loose. Pea gravelSmall. rounded fragments of rock. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone.brick) in the same course. Usually a few inches thick. M ManufactoryA factory. G GazeboA freestanding. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. ForthrightA straight course or path. or colored earths. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . turf. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. cutting. R Rose. TreillageLatticework for vines. called also a hose cock. It is the basic unit in classification of plants.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. walls. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. Stone. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. or steps. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. V VarietyA category below species. < previous page page_132 next page > . SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. snug fit for walks. Turf seatBanked-up earth. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. often planted with aromatic herbs. not treelike or with a single trunk. ranking between species and variety. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. W Wall. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes.

1973. Staff of.. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Room Outside. Bailey Hortorium. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hortus Third. Henry. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Gertrude B. Complements. Brookes. H. P. Julia S. New York: Dover. London: Country Life. New York: G. London: Marshall Cavendish. 1951. Park's Success with Herbs. Herbsfor Every Garden. London. New York: Crown Publishers. 1951. H. New York: Macmillan. Frances A. New York: Macmillan. Margaret E. Brownlow.. The Herb Garden. New York: Simon and Schuster. John.. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. and Louden. Carpenter. L. New York. Hanging Plants for Home. London: Macmillan. 1963. 14701670. New York: Macmillan. Green Enchantment. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Flannery. Kent: The Herb Farm. Agnes. Batsford. . John Philip. Helen Morgenthau. S. 1911. 1972. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1962. Foley. Alice Morse. British Plants. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1979. Sevenoaks. Berrall. Foster. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. . Charlotte. 1935. 1958. Aurora. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Terrace. Harriet Ballard. Fox. 1944. Sydney: B. Edlin. P. Rosetta E.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Book of the Geranium. 1942. Erichsen-Brown. The Small Garden. Toronto. John E. 1980. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 1977. Greenwood. 1972. London: Adam and Charles Black. Earle. Herbals. Rosemary F. L. and Garden. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Independence. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Liberty Hyde. 1966. Mo. Gertrude B. . Roses. 1902. Herbs and the Earth. Peter. Foster. 1933. Putnam's Sons. The Cultivated Basils. New York: Macmillan. 1970. Robert Lee. Crowe. 1971. New York: Viking Press. 1957. 1976. 1982.: Geo. Bailey.. Cross. W. 1938. New York: E. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Coats. London: Saturn Press. Beston.C. Park Seed Co. Darrah. Baumgardt. Helen H.. Garden Design. Garden City: Doubleday. Dutton & Co. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book.: Buckeye Printing Co. 1971. Sylvia. Doran & Co. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. ed. and Accessories. How Plants Get Their Names. Behme. 1961. Clarkson. Seal. Prof. New York: Viking Press. T. 1966. Daniel J. 1980. Bardswell. New York: Hawthorne Books. Jot.

1983.: Chronica Botanica Co. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Loyal R. Paul B.: Herald Publishing Co. 1946. Helen K. George H. Miller. New York: Macmillan. Boston. Harold N. Norma Jean.. Johnson. 1951. and Back. Edited by Clarence Elliott.. Moldenke. Roy. Loewenfeld. ed. and Alma L. Grow and Enjoy. 1969. New York: E. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Claire. 1964. Early American Gardens... Lawrence. Alma. Lerner. 1959. A Biblical Garden. 1976. Hendrickson. Frederic. A. Modern Herbal. New York: Clarkson N. 1972. Tucson: H. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: Macmillan. Eigel. Landscaping with Vines. < previous page page_133 next page > . Neri. Howard. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Walter. Robert. Dorothy Bovee. 2d ed. Herbs. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. New York: De La Mare.. Patrick M. 1971. Mrs... Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Lathrop.. 1969. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. London: George Routledge & Sons. Potter. New York: Harper & Bros. 1970.: Livingston Pub. McFarland. London: Faber and Faber. Simmons. Shaker Herbs. 1970. M. Frances. Jr.Garland. Amy Bess. Carol. Pozza. Hamel. 1966. Flowers of the Field. Plants of the Bible. Claire. 1978. 1938. P. Jones.. N. Boston. New York: Crown Publishers. and Chiltoskey. Myron. Bernard Hickey. Cherokee Plants. Kiaer. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. 1974. Lawrence. New York: Van Nostrand. New York: Doubleday. A Garden of Herbs. P. Mass. (1st American edition trans. New York: Dover. Brown & Co. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. . How to Landscape Your Grounds. M. Loewenfeld. Ireys. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. The Art of Dyeing. Dutton & Co. Gardens in Winter. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Horace. 1981. 1979. Rev. Hay. Johns. 1961. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Grieve. Geraniums for Home and Garden. New York: William Morrow & Co. 1975. How to Select. Ann. Vegetable Dyeing. Lesch. New York: Viking Press. Italy. Sylva. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Pa. Books. 1976. 1952. 1981. Krauss. Sarah. 1982. J. Toronto: Little. Division Billboard Publications. 1971. chemist.) Rohde. Muenscher.C. New York: Dover. The Book of Spices.. Leighton. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Co. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Alice Recknagel. 1973. C. 1911. Philippa. The Herb Garden. The Berry Book. 1975. Vicenza. and Synge. and Rice. Franco.. Mary U. New York: Macmillan. Roses of the World in Color. and Brunello. Eleanour Sinclair. Waltham. Wynnewood. 1974. Rosengarten. Elizabeth. Adelma G. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications..

New York: Farrar.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Mrs. ed. Mrs. Herbs in the Garden. Henry Gund. Mrs. Rhoda Specht. William T. William C. New York: Simon & Schuster. New York: St. Boerner. Mrs. Mrs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. James D. Mrs. George. Plimpton. Thomas.: Garden Way.S. Fragrance in the Garden. Esther. Nelva M. Martin's Press. Peter M. Mrs. Bradner.S. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Alfred L. Stearn. Winthrop G. and Mrs. London: Phoenix House. Paxton. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Mrs. 1961. 1972. 1953. Robert K. Mrs. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1974. Wilder. Mrs. Bush. New York: William Farquhar Payson. 1942..A.A. Yang.. 1975. Associate. L. . Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Donald Paxton. Thacker.. L. Moffit. A. 1965. A. Elizabeth Lawrence. 1979. Mrs. Stearn.A. Rev. New York: Hafner. William W. C. Baker. New York: St. Mrs. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Marshall. Hammond Crawford.A. L. L. Lamm. Mr. and Bell. Campbell. Benjamin McF.A. L. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. L. Mrs. Shrub Roses of Today. L. Charles L. Margaret Osborn Holt. White. H. The Fragrant Garden. Plants of the Bible. . Climbing Roses Old and New.A.. New York. L. Mrs.. Charlotte. Vera Breed.. Mrs. Sherry D. Raymond V. Mrs. Jack Emil Geist. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Linda. Neil Hamill Park.A.. 1953. Helen Noyes. Vivian. Marion E. Pees. Vt. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Mrs.. Mrs. Small Gardens Are More Fun. W T. 1972. New York: Doubleday. Mrs.A. Amy Bess Miller.A. T.A.. John Ormsbee.. Tarantino. Z. Taloumis. .A. 1962. Bynam. Louise Beebe. Zohary. Building Stone Walls. Webster. Malcolm. L. Container Gardening Outdoors. 1967.R. Morss. Singleton.A. Frank M. Elisabeth W. Gannaway. Toronto: Van Nostrand. F. . W. Graham Stuart. A. 1982. Barbara Capen. Michael. Martha Dahlen.. Charles Patch. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Diane C. Martin's. William Y Dear. Leonie. New York: William Morrow & Co. Giroux. Revised by Dr. Taylor. Maxton Davies.A. Smith. Melissa R.The Old Shrub Roses... 1972. Susan W.. 1979. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Robert G. Jr. L.. New York: Dover. Bates. L. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Graham. L. L. Katherine S.. George T. Mrs. The Fragrant Year. New York: McGraw-Hill. Martin. 1976. John Poinier.D. Cozart.. Stuart. London: Phoenix House. Sandy Hicks.. Hines. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Berkeley Brandt. Mrs. Philip Batchelder. New ed. Norman. Austin R. Herbert G. James C. Helen Van Pelt. A. Landscape Architecture.L. The Shakespeare Garden. L. 1931. Meyer. Leonard Dreyfuss. Hale & Co. Price.A. Botanical Latin. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Weber. Straus.S. Mrs. Griffin.A. Keebler. ed. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Boston: Ralph T.A. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. 1966. William T. Ingersoll.A. Virginia B. Christopher. The History of Gardens. 1957. Jr. John. William Radler. Indianapolis.L. 1976. Jr..A.. Mrs.. McGarry. 1979. Jo Lohmolder. Madalene Hill. A. New York.. Wilson. and Robert B. Mrs. Bleecker..L.

Christopher Spencer.. Mansfield. Mrs. Ann Arbor. Architect. civic. Cleveland. Weeks Brick House.Rady. Faith H. L. Hancock. Lawrence Schetky. Gayle. Mrs. Inc. Mrs. L. Ohio. Hales Corners.. John A. Lansing. Swanson. Edmund G. Skinner.. Linda Yang. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Mich. Mrs. Kingwood Center. Old Salem. N.C. Joe H.. Derthick. Elbert Smith. Hancock Shaker Village. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. and Mrs. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.A. Jean Ruh. Isadore L. G. University of Michigan. Semple.. Joan E. Mrs. Milton Stricker. Greenland. Atlanta. Linda Yang. Harper. Eric Duke Scott.. Plain Dealer Photo. Shaker Community. Smith (Ann Leighton). L.A.C. Milton C. Eloise andJo Ray. L. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Talbot III.I. Little Rock. Walter Rebmann. Ga. Wilcox. Mrs. Rose. Inc. < previous page page_134 next page > .. Roberts. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Helen M. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Mrs. Ohio. Mr.A. N... L. Michigan State University. Pawtucket. Bailey. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Christopher Rady. R. Matthew Miksch House. Atlanta Historical Society. Mass. N. Mrs. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America.. James F. Mrs. Old Slater Mill Museum. The following provided historical. Wisc. The Country Doctor Museum.A.. Booker Worthen. Tullie Smith House Restoration. James S. Timothy Procter Ruh. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Winston-Salem. Mich. Whitman. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Frederick E. Nathan Sameth.H... Ark... Western Reserve Herb Society.

Narcissus triandrus. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. E. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. A. Y smalliana Agrimonia. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. C. azoricum. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. maritima L. barbadensis A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Myrrhis odorata. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. officinalis. A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice.

M. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. V. ludoviciana var. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. S. laevis Rhododendron . dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. V. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. podagraria Asparagus A. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. officinalis Populus. grandiflorus Melissa M. G. officinalis. melongena var. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. Lamium album Viburnum. acerifolium. P. lycopersicum. F. false Galium aristatum. albula A. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Monarda didyma Crataegus. P. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. Solanum aculeatissimum S.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. P. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. oleracea. vulgaris A. alpina 'Alba' A. B. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Mertensia virginica.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. M. deltoides Campsis radicans. coronaria . angustifolia. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. chrysantha Symphytum S.

C. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. N. coronaria. maculatum G. B. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. angustifolia. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. macrocarpon. M. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Italian D Daffodil M. V. V. sativum R. ioensis Vaccinium. alpinum R.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. verna. M. pseudonarcissus miniature N. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. alpinum R.

lilioasphodelus. triphyllum . Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. R. crispus. D. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Ferocactus latispinus. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. A. Sansevieria. R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. obtusifolius R. A. Chrysanthemum frutescens. T officinale Bellis. Hosta H. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. lilioasphodelus H. rivieri. obtusifolius Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. frutescens C. C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. acetosa. x superbum Hemerocallis. H.

damascena. N. Gnaphalium. Helichrysum. N. S. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. arvensis. Lychnis coronaria.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. pungens Sambucus S. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum Nigella. C. ragusina. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. gymnocarpa. Antennaria. Centaurea cineraria. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. C. N. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Senecio cineraria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

O. Osmunda. I. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. carica F. P. versicolor. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. A.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. perenne . I.× germanica I. regalis Adiantum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. carica Corylus C. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. L. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. usitatissimum L.

grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. sphaerocephalum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. odoratissimum P. Fumaria C. scorodoprasum A. grossularioides P radens P. quercifolium P. × limoneum P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × hortorum P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . × germanica Myosotis M. lanata D. sativum var. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lutea Allium sativum A. purpurea D. P. Pelargonium. I. tuberosum A. neapolitanum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris.

× nervosum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. Tragopogon. denticulatum P. tomentosum P. canadense T. graveolens P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. × citrosum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. chamaedrys T. A. abrotanifolium P. officinale Z. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. × jatrophifolium P. capitatum P. tomentosum P. pratensis . crispum P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. T. T. A.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. scabrum P graveolens P. quercifolium P. Z. P. glutinosum. canadense.

nervosa V.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. M. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. torquata E. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Vitis monticola. C. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Oxalis deppei. V.

H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Ophiopogon L. majalis Liriope. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. W. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. C. G. Lythrum. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. triacanthos G. L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Pulmonaria . virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum.

leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. pedatum Hibiscus. M. Malva. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. C. patula Calendula officinalis T. lucida . alcea var. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. grandiflora M. Malva. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. tenuifolia T. M. erecta T. erecta T.blue M Mace. A. erecta T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

S. suaveolens 'Variegata' . Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. citrata M. vulgare O. aquatica var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. O. Spiraea alba. odorata Achillea millefolium. × piperita var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. major. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. majorana O. R. requienii M. onites O. majorana O. vulgare O. piperita var. citrata M. × piperita var.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. suaveolens M. citrata. Astrantia. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. crispii M. A. citrata M. dictamnus O. vulgare 'Aureum' O.

Myrrhis odorata. lactiflora Morus M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. communis. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. thapsus V. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. vulgaris A. Myrtus. alba Verbascum. Azolla caroliniana. V. M. A.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Umbellularia californica. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. rubra M. V. × gentilis M. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. olympicum.

Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N. majus T. P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. minus T. album L. tazetta Tropaeolum T. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. nudum. L. V. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. V.

cepa. Scilla verna. fragrans O. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. hortensis A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. S. fistulosum A. Proliferum Group A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Castilleja californica. A. fragrans Allium. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. C. O. cepa. I. vulgare var.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fistulosum Atriplex. cepa A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. telephium Iris × germanica var. florentina. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum.

× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. patens. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. lactiflora P lactiflora P. A. pulsatilla Passiflora P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum P. crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P. P. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca.

Longum Group sweet Capsicum. C. annuum. Piper C. Grossum Group C. P frutescens Catharanthus. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. Longum Group C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. frutescens C. roseus C. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. C. annuum. C. album Ranunculus ficaria . A. Longum Group Capsicum. C. Chenopodium. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. retroflexus. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. paniculata P. C.

angustifolia var. umbellata var. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. M. plumarius. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. watsonii P maritima P. Silene laciniata. alpinus D. americana . nigra P strobus P taeda P. Prunus japonica. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. plumarius D. taeda Chimaphila. officinalis Dianthus D. P salicina P angustifolia. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. C. caryophyllus D. P. gratianopolitanus D. taeda P. × paradisiaca. C. umbellata var. Plantago P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P.

balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. L. E. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . biennis P. S. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. balsamifera P. 0. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. rhoeas P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. vulgare Lithospermum. Liriodendron tulipifera P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides.

Hesperis . rhabarbarum R. C. canadensis C. coccineum C. pepo C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. A. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Diplotaxis. pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. P. R. sativum var.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C.

moschata . canina. canina R. sativa Rosa R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. × harisonii R. × borboniana Kerria. damascena R. chinensis 'Minima' R. laevigata R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. banksiae R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. Rubus coronarius R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gallica R. spinosissima R. centifolia R. R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana R. Rosa chinensis R. damascena 'Bifera' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp.

greggii S. rugosa R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. microphylla S. Salvia hierosolymitana . officinalis S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. azurea subsp. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. angustissimus R. guaranitica S. pitcheri S. caerula. clevelandii S. × rehderana R. setigera R. Rosmarinus.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. officinalis Limonium R. S. sclarea S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. R.

S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. virens. leucantha S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. chamaecyparissus S. leucophylla S. maritimum E. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. Salicornia. P. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. marilandica Amelanchier . atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. C. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. viridis S. S. neapolitana S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. T. chamaecyparissus S. elegans S. hebecarpa. guaranitica S. montana Scabiosa S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. A. S.

canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. biflorum . coggygria Cotinus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. C. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. P.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. nivalis Lamium album. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. G. V. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. americana. coggygria C. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. P. C. coggygria.

acetosa. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. crassipes O. S. L. O. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. scutatus R. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. japonica Sorbaria. officinalis thyme-leaved V. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . O. Ornithogalum arabicum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. pyrenaicum. R. V. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. patulum.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. H. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. E.

Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. crispum T. vulgare var. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. dracunculus var. vulgare var. T vulgare T. vesca F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. C. M. chiloensis F. incana M. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. floridus Philadelphus . O. O. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. perennis. vesca F. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. incana M. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A.

praecox subsp. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. 'Clear Gold' T. laevigata Eupatorium. maritima Thymus. A. arcticus T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. × citriodorus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. benedictus. sylvestris D. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. marianum S. E. phaenopyrum C. 'Argenteus' T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. praecox T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. C. Silybum marianum S. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. marianum S. T. pallasianus T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C.

sanctum O. P. lycopersicum var. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. noli-tangere. cerasiforme. sanctum Tulipa T.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. I. Physalis peruviana L. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . pruinosa. alata Lycopersicon. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Coreopsis Linaria. P. peruviana P. L. lycopersicum L. lycopersicum var. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. C. radicans Bignonia capreolata. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum.

Chimaphila. canina. cornuta V. caeruleum Clematis.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Alba' V. caprea . viorna Abutilon theophrasti. longifolia Chamaelaucium. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. odorata V. C. odorata V. C. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. V riviniana Viola odorata V. P. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca.

Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. camphorata A. Gaultheria procumbens. absinthium A. gmelinii A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Vanilla barbellata A. V. nudum Isatis I. Corydalis sempervirens A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. frigida A. ambrosioides Artemisia. caprea. verticillata Chimaphila. S. annua A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. I. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. W. pontica. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Stachys .

Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . X. C. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. × media 'Hicksii' T. filipendulina A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. ageratum A. simplicissima Cladrastis.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. I. millefolium A. lutea. vomitoria I. taygetea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine.

h. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. butter-print. fennel g. foeniculum Agave A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.. theophrasti Acacia A. Indian mallow China jute. pedatum Agastache A. blue giant hyssop. millefolium A. taygetea A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. cana A. sanguinary. alpinus Aconitum A. longifolia Achillea A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. fourcroydes sweet flag. fragrant g. ageratum A.. calamus maidenhair fern. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. nose-bleed.. thousand-seal. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. lion's tail anise hyssop. calamus Adiantum A. monkshood helmut flower. maidenhair fern. Indian mallow. maidenhair American maidenhair.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. parlor m. monkshood flowering maple. breviflora A. five-finger f. napellus Acorus A. yarrow sneezeweed. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . h. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A.

christophii A. moly A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. two-bladed o. Pulchellum A. githago Ajuga A. Rosenbachianum A. ostrowskianum A.. giganteum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. ciboule. lily leek daffodil garlic. flavum A. Spanish o....A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. reptans Alcea A. vulgaris Allium A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. tree o. neapolitanum A. sativum A. cive. rosea Alchemilla A. purple c. scorodoprasum A. sisal hemp. flowering o. schnittlauch giant garlic . karataviense A. fistulosum A. hemp plant agrimony. serpent garlic chive. Japanese bunching o. ophioscorodon A. senescens var. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. garlic rocambole. schoenoprasum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. sativum var. alpina A. cocklebur.

tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. hupehensis var. bugloss alkanet. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. juneberry. caudatus Amelanchier A. officinarum Anchusa A. sphaerocephalum A. pulsatilla Anethum A. officinalis Amaranthus A.. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. shadbush. canadensis Amsonia A. white m.. archangel. officinalis Anemone A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. bugloss windflower. japonica A.glaucum A. garlic c. medicinal a. Curasao a. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. barbadensis Aloysia A. shad. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. cerefolium chervil angelica. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. blanda A. Barbados a. triphylla Althaea A.. marschalliana A. Oriental garlic . chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. tuberosum Aloe A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.

manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.Apium A. graveolens A. alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens var. chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.

kinnikinick. gmelinii A. triphyllum subsp. lactiflora A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. Ludoviciana var. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. wormwood southernwood. arborescens A. creashak green-dragon. old man southernwood absinthe. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. triphyllum A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. mountain box. mealberry. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . stewardsonii Armeria A. pontica A. dracunculus var. annua A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. maritima Armoracia A. europaeum A. sativa A. asarabacca wild ginger. pink or white horseradish. red cole sagebrush. canadense A. sea pink thrift. albula A. bear's grape. camphorata A. dracontium A. hog cranberry. virginicum bearberry. mugwort.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. sandberry. frigida A. rusticana Artemisia A.

. rattleweed winter cress. s. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. silkweed. ruby s. Chinese silk plant. c. China grass borage borage. mountain spinach false indigo. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B.. australis B. officinalis Astrantia A. mustard . i. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. papyrifera Boehmeria B. jaundice berry. saltbush orach.Asclepias A. garden o. s. upland cress winter cress. butterfly flower butterfly weed. wild blue i. hortensis B Baptista B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. vulgaris Beta milkweed. major Atriplex A. yellow r. vulgaris. c. c. nivea Borago B. wild indigo blue false indigo. talewort. piprage beet swiss chard. orach sea orach. pleurisy root. B. c. wild indigo. tinctoria Barbarea B. tuberosa Asparagus A. ruby s. rocket. cool-tankard cole. plains f. tuberroot. halimus A. vulgaris Bellis B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. perennis Berberis B.

grandiflora Calendula C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. koreana B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. carpatica C.B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . sempervirens B. floridus Campanula C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.. pineapple s.. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. white-flowered k. microphylla var. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla 'Nana' B. eruca B. strawberry s. officinalis Calycanthus C.

green p. cow-itch. crown plant trumpet creeper. o. p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . o. chili p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. o. trumpet honeysuckle pepper.. pimento sweet pepper s. p. o. sweet pepper. o. s. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. s. p. C. o. s. rapunculus Campsis C. p. persicifolia C. p.. o.. p. p. p. red p. bell p. p. p. green p. trumpet vine.C. p. trumpet flower. p.. p.

bastard s. ovata Cassia C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. deodara Celosia C. majus Chelone cayenne p. frutescens Carthamus C. marilandica Catharanthus C.. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. tinctorius Carum C. carvi Carya C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. Russian c.. capsicum p. nobile Chelidonium C. false saffron. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. senna. garden c. Tabasco p. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. illinoinensis C. Madagascar periwinkle. shellbark h. celandine celandine turtlehead. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. chili p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. snakehead .. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. red p.. Tabasco-sauce p. cristata Cercis C.. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. canariensis Cedrus C.

wormseed. American w. Dalmatia p. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa.. Robert Brydon' C. devil's-darning- . pigweed Mexican tea. wintergreen.. frutescens C. parthenium C. mint geranium. cinerariifolium C. intybus Cimicifuga C. coccineum C. wax flower. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. Spanish t. barbe-de-capuchin.. old-man's-beard costmary. × superbum Cichorium C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. balsamita C. ladanifer Citrus C. leucanthemum C. Meyer 1. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. virgilia virgin's bower. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. umbellata Chionanthus C. pyrethum. alecost pyrethrum. lutea Clematis C. leather flower. feather geranium. botrys Chimaphila C.. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. ambrosioides C. racemosa Cistus C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. virginiana balmony goosefoot. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. bonus-henricus C. Chinese dwarf 1. virgin's bower. fat hen ambrosia.C. crispus C. rattletop black cohosh. leather flower. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. dwarf 1. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. glabra Chenopodium C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. × jouiniana 'Mrs.

white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. benedictus Coix C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. thorn. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . quick-set. thorn apple. laevigata C. arkansana C.needle Cnicus C.. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. sativum Cornus C. smokebush. florida Corylus C. ambigua C. cneorum Coptis C. apiculatus Crataegus C. red haw hawthorn English h. Chinese parsley dogwood. smoke plant. majalis Convolvulus C. avellana Cotinus C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. autumnale Comptonia C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. peregrina Consolida C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. trifolia Coreopsis C. Venetian sumac. orientalis Convallaria C. smokebush smoke tree.

. West Indian 1. oblonga Cymbopogon C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. speciosus 'Albus' C.. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sieberi C.C. × allwoodii D. angustifolius C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. sativus C. citratus Cytisus C. sempervirens Cydonia C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. speciosus C. gracilis Dianthus D. maritimum Crocus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. kotschyanus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . scoparius C.

Simkins' 'Nanus' D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss .< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. grandiflora D. carnation. pardalianches E Echeveria E. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. sativus D. sylvestris Doronicum D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. burning bush. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. gas plant. lanata D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D.

gum tree. jacinth. arvense E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. b. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E.. J. dulcis Endymion E. ironbark. blueweed. californica Eucalyptus E. epimedium barrenwort. rugosum v. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. Japanese medlar. sea holm. perfoliatum E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. S. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. hyemale Eranthis E. poppy eucalypt. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. viridis Epimedium E. Australian gum. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. pungens Eleocharis E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. plum eryngo sea holly. sea eryngo California poppy C. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. maritimum Eschscholzia E. torquata Euonymus E.E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. japonica Eryngium E.

a. assafoetida Ficus F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. chiloensis F. sow-teat s.s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. finocchio.s.Euphorbia E. vulgare F. major Fragaria F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vulgare F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . a. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. ulmaria F. a. vulgare var. imperialis Fumaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.s. vulgare subsp. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. alpine s. cyparissias F Ferula F.

alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. our-lady's-b. cleavers white bedstraw. woodroof yellow bedstraw. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. pulegioides American pennyroyal. jasminoides Gaultheria G. alumroot herb Robert. hirsutum H Hamamelis H.. mock p. mollugo G. virginiana Hedeoma H.. Carolina jasmine G. verum Gardenia G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. teaberry. dyer's greenweed. false baby's-breath woodruff. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. odoratum G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. red Robin . procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. Capejasmine wintergreen. vernalis H. triacanthos Gossypium G. hederacea Gleditsia G. spotted c. honey locust... hexapetala G Galanthus G. mountain tea. Carolina yellow j. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. gardenia. ground ivy. tinctoria Geranium G.. maculatum G. checkerberry. field balm. robertianum Glechoma G. wild c. sweet w.F. runaway robin. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. nivalis Galium G. germanica G. woodwaxen.

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. bimli j.. immortelle white-leaf everlasting.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. Indian hemp. sweet r. glabra Hesperis H.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. lividus subsp.. Deckaner h. atrorubens H. bastard jute. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. flavescens Helenium H. × luteola Herniaria H. licorice plant heliotrope. daylily . Chinese hibiscus. garland 1. angustifolium H. Hawaiian h. arborescens Helleborus H. corsicus H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. bimlipatum j. matronalis Hibiscus H. cannabinus H. foetidus H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. curry plant false licorice.. lilioasphodelus H.. niger H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. hibiscus kenaf. rose m. turnsole heliotrope. lemon d.. China rose. giant m. mallow. rose-of-China. blacking plant plantain lily. Deccan h.

yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. European h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. orangeroot. . plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. I. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. asiatica Hypericum H.. perforatum Hyssopus H.H. patulum 'Sungold' H. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. crenata var. lupulus Hydrangea H. rose h. white h. Burford's holly Japanese holly. horned h. navelwort gotu kola St.

. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. crested i. woad dyer's woad. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.. spotted t. 'Great Lakes' I. × germanica var. maculata J Jasminum J. alba Iris I. J. tinctoria Inula I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. jewelweed. helenium Ipomoea I. touch-me-not jewelweed. horizontalis creeping j. pseudacorus Isatis I. yellow flag. florentina I. opaca I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . chinensis var. African corn lily corn lily orris. glabra I. crested dwarf i. wilsonii Impatiens I. snapweed.. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. virginiana red cedar jasmine. water f. vomitoria 'Nana' I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J.I. officinale Juniperus J. tinctoria Ixia I. capensis Indigofera I. cristata I.

plume flower. nobilis Lavandula L. flamingo p. n... brandegeana shrimp plant J. angustifolia L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. carnea Brazilian-plume... sweet bay laurel.Justicia water willow J. dentata L. white d. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. angustifolia subsp. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. indica Lamium L. dumb nettle. album L. bay. paradise p. maculatum L. n. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. d. king'scrown L Lactuca L. dentata var. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . plume plant.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

sativum Leucojum L. candidum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. pepperwort. officinale Ligustrum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. aestivum Levisticum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. usitatissimum Liriope L. leonurus Leontopodium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. summer s. chalcedonicum Limonium L. muscari Lobelia L. perenne L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. marsh rosemary. benzoin Linum L. lovage privet. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s.. blue cardinal flower . hedge plant privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender.

grandiflora M. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L.. moonwort. annua Lychnis L. satin flower honesty. catchfly mullein pink. coronaria L. maritima L. virginiana sweet alyssum. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. flava L.L. europaeus Lysimachia L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . campion. penny f. gypsywort. cordata Magnolia M. coronaria 'Alba' L. lycopersicum var. coral h. lycopersicum var. money plant. honesty. vulgaris Lythrum L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. sempervirens Lunaria L. stellata M. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. silver-dollar.

.. 'Eau de Cologne' M. fastigiata Marrubium M. blue barberry apple. musk m. hupehensis Malva M. bergamot m. × piperita var. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. × gentilis M. mountain g. Virginia c.. sweet b.. Virginia b. pineapple m. imperial stock balm lemon b. bluebells. Oregon g. citrata M. holly g. × piperita M. b. gillyflower.. Brampton stock. lemon m. angustifolia M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple.. holly barberry. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. menthella. incana Melissa M. alcea var. holly mahonia. cowslip. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.Mahonia M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. apple m. American crab. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m.. lungwort bluebells. horsemint . Scotch m.. white h. pennyroyal Corsican m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. 'Guiding Star' M.. requienii M. stock stock. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. curly m. officinalis Mentha M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. bee b. vulgare Matthiola M. longifolia M. pulegium M. aquatica M. incanum M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.

punctata Montia M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . Swedish m. Oswego tea. banana abaca. textilis Myosotis M.M. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. b. sylvatica Myrica M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. swamp c. myrrh. pink b. winter purslane. white bee balm pink b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. fistulosa M.. menthifolia M. odorata Myrtus M. red m. citriodora M. b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sweet cicely. white b. b. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. fistulosa var. American m. Greek myrtle. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. candleberry. anise. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

golden hardhack. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. sand p. tacamahac cinquefoil. widdy shrubby c. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. persica Pteridium P.. trifoliata Populus P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . sieboldii 'Alba' P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. veris Prunella P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P.Poncirus P.. maritima P. elatior P. aspen. heal-all. pensylvanica P. brake. cowslip self-heal self-heal. pasture b. five-finger shrubby c. lungwort blue 1. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. balsam p. hardy orange poplar. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. granatum Pyrus P. nepalensis P. Jerusalem sage. hackmatack. Americana P. angustifolia P.. hog-pasture b. brake bracken. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. vulgaris Prunus P. domestica P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. all-heal salad burnet.

Quercus Q. China r. canina R.. banksiae R. mountain c.. cabbage r. sweetbrier French r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. Bourbon r. brier Banksia r. ficaria Reseda R. brier r. purshiana Rheum R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. luteola Rhamnus R... moss r. gallica damask r. garden c. York-and-Lancaster r. crowfoot lesser celandine.. moss r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. dog b. pygmy r. garden r. 'Cinderella' R. eglanteria R. autumn damask r. sativum Rosa R. red currant. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. rose. eglantine. pilewort mignonette weld. chinensis 'Minima' R. fairy r. . pie plant. typhina Ribes R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. alpinum R. dog r. stellata R Ranunculus R.. gooseberry alpine c. small c. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R.

tinctorum Rubus R. Japanese r.'Officinalis' R. snowdwarf memorial r. dock s... burnet r. 'Schneezwerg' R. chestnut r. × harisonii R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. golden p. hirta Rumex R. roxburghii R. French sorrel rue . laevigata R. climbing r. setigera R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R.. prostrate rosemary. bitter d. angustissimus R. acetosa R. obtusifolius R. × rehderana R. wichuraiana R. Harison's yellow r. Scotch r. climbing r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. sorrel.. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. r. Cherokee r. rugosa R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. polyantha r. spinosissima R. moschata R. chinquapin r. prairie r. garden sorrel broad dock. musk r. rosemary white r. Turkestan r. madder bramble blackberry. rosemary pine-scented r.

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caerula S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. bloodroot rue . Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. elderberry American e. canadensis willow. osier goat willow. clevelandii S. leucantha S. gray sage. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. garden s. microphylla S. American e. s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. involucrata S. purple g. sclarea S. purple variegated garden s. pussy willow sage. argentea S. viridis Sambucus S. clary annual clary elder. caprea Salvia S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. elegans S. variegated garden s. s. golden g. bloodroot red puccoon. leucophylla S. Mexican bush s. greggii S. guaranitica S.

milk t. hemp plant snake plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. hen-and-chickens. pincushion flower pincushions.. marianum Sium S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. tectorum Silybum S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. blessed t. atropurpurea Sedum S. Mary's t. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. morganianum S. St.. devil's tongue. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. lucky plant. pinnata S.Sanguisorba S. roof h. trifasciata Santolina S. telephium Sempervivum S. mourning-bride stonecrop. albidum Satureja S. live-forever houseleek. officinalis Sassafras S. melongena var. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. hortensis S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. sweet s. good-luck plant.. neapolitana S. canadensis Sansevieria S. live-forever houseleek.. mad apple . jasminoides S. sisarum Solanum S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. virens Saponaria S.

. byzantina S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. laevis Symphytum S. × persica var. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. sorbifolia Sorbus S. laciniata Persian lilac S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. patula melongene. lilac . officinale S. californica Sorbaria S. hedge nettle. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Aztec m. lutea Stokesia S. vulgaris 'Addie V. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. reticulata var. big m. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. erecta marigold African m. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. americana Stachys S. officinale Syringa S.. grandiflora S. woundwort lamb's-ears.

T. tansy tansy. . fruticans T. sweet mace French m. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. vulgare var. dwarf m. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. upright y. signet m.. 'Broad-leaf English' T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T.. filifolia T. marum Thuja T. carnosus T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. dense y. wood sage germander dwarf. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. procumbent g. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. yew conical y. germander American g. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. culinary golden lemon t. columnar y. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. vulgare T. lucida T. lemon t. occidentalis Thymus T. crispum Taraxacum T. canadense T. 'Argenteus' T. officinale Taxus T..

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richardii subsp. nitidus T. praecox T. pallasianus T. creeping t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. red c.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. lemon t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. not culinary French t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. . glabrescens T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. t. serpyllum T. odorus t. pratensis Trichostema T. herba-barona T. confederatej. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. leucotrichus T. praecox subsp. jasminoides Tragopogon T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T.. crimson c. zygis Torenia T. caraway t. wishbone flower. t. woolly thyme creeping t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. doerfleri T. lanatum Trifolium T. nummularius T..

'General de Wet' T.. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. mullein mullein. cranberry. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. laevifolium Valeriana V. speedwell. dioica V Vaccinium V. officinalis V. species t. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. squill. tarda T. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. blueberry.Tropaeolum T. flannel plant. kaufmanniana T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. tawny orange t. pale yellow Darwin t. majus T. canadensis Tulipa T. nettle stinging n. serpyllifolia nasturtium. Indian cress dwarf n.. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. 'Blizzard' T. early. minus Tsuga T. water-lily t. olympicum V. blattaria V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. maritima Urtica U. thapsus Veronica V. tall n. . officinalis Verbascum V. clusiana T. red s. velvet p. farfara U Urginea U. huckleberry. bitter Indian garden n. angustifolium var.

tricolor V.. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. odorata V. violet dog violet horned v. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. minor Viola V. myrtle.. running m. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. lutea 'Splendens' V. withe-rod vetiver. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. possum haw . × wittrockiana Vitis V. carlesii V.Vetiveria V. khus-khus. sweet h. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. heartsease pansy. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. zizanioides Viburnum V. canina V. cassinoides V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. heartsease. lesser p. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. nannyberry. maple-leaved viburnum.. sheepberry. acerifolium V. ladies-delight. arrowwood. prunifolium Vinca V.

ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 . officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Adam's-needle.