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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

This they did. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. punching. Then. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. bereft of hope. wheedling. responded with delight. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. especially poetry. build it. for they had no model and no guide. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. The turning point came when. and record every detailall of the failures. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. more of them exist to serve as examples. and I have had the pleasure of advising. pushing. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. and the experience provided the final section of the book. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. It needs no sequel. Ginny had done some writing. With false starts and honest stops. Their energy and charm caught me up. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. seven years ago. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. alterations. with sparkling enthusiasm. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . whether all their labor was to no avail. successes. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. carefully chosen. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. and the publisher. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Again they revised. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. This was not to be.

It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. rather. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. we completed a test garden. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. historical interest. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Likewise. specialty. Italics are always used for botanical names. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. the authors. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. We. The herb garden designs alone. A range of essential factors is considered herein. English thyme." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. Some of these were created by landscape architects. without accompanying commentary. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. degree of maintenance required. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. 1969 and 1980. by their owners. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. To achieve this. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. former generic names. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. or by contributors. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. and these are capitalizedfor example. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. . Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Not all plants used are herbs. and educational purpose. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. while others were prepared by landscape designers. although countless common names exist.

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Lee Buss. Jo Lohmolder. Eleanor Gambee. have also been of assistance. Keebler and the late Everest P. always encouraging us to stay with our project. which made possible the completion of our text. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. and the horticulturist. We are grateful to many. M. and Joanna Reed. Herbert J. Rady. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. former director of same. librarian. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information.. Susan Frugé. has given us valuable information. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Isaacson. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Special thanks are due James C. and Rexford Talbert. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. former managing editors. Derthick. Richard T. Alexander Apanius. and Elizabeth Bryce. Alice Skelsey. Weatherhead. Genevieve Jyurovat. Nell Neff. She has served. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. president. Swanson and Robert B. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Wanda Ritchie. and August Frugé. FAITH H. as expediter and typist.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be.D. Finally. His assistant. Trudi Bela. too. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Betty Rea. has been especially helpful over the years. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. past presidents. A lecturer on herbs. The late Raymond C. Recognition is due Robert B. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. In order to create a fine garden design. temples of worship. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. "Not difficult to plan. or an abandoned. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. As one constantly reinforces the other. and decisions must not be left to chance. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. a front dooryard. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. some of which are evergreen. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. and hedges will have been located. fences. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round." A good design does not "happen. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. to increase the value of the property. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. If no . lay out a plan of the property." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. partially excavated area. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. new ways of seeing. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. new plants. Perennial herbs. As Henry Beston reflects." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. Its interest is independent of flowers. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. the north point will have been indicated. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. and structures. not at all difficult to maintain.

< previous page page_2 next page > . fences. Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.

Next. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. In the absence of a survey map. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. and the driveway. Here. Other areas may require a smaller scale. other significant structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. will give the lot or acreage measurements. In this example. too. too. such as the one illustrated here.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. measure to locate the house. to locate the house. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. but with all needed information. A deed description. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. The object is to .

and unusual land features noted. paths. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. lines at an angle. < previous page page_3 next page > . graph paperfor use under tracing paper. The tools needed for drawing are few. and parallel lines. enclosures. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. driveway. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. The smaller the scale. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. shrubs. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. triangleof inexpensive plastic.

However. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. or summer kitchen is ideal. A toolhouse. One basic rule is the higher the wall. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. With the plan on paper. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. In the designs that follow. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. Upkeep. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. bayberry. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. brick. gazebo. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . yew. and stone. and hedges of hemlock. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. garage. old smokehouse. iron. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. greenhouse. In the absence of a structure. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. and holly. In some cases. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Allow adequate room within the row. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. When used with a hedge. or pressure-treated lumber. If used. for reinforcing the design. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. but the results will confirm this course. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. landscape timbers. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. or. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. they can be made to order. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. yew. Generally. some deciduous and some evergreen. too. For example. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. if wood is the material of choice. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Rosemary. cut stones. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Brick is the all-time favorite material. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. railroad ties. annual painting is a necessity. and rosemary. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. for example. and their styles are countless. bricks. holly. as in outdoor room dividers. When this reinforcement is understated. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. however. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. the garden design is most attractive. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. whether it will be rocks. so give them much thought. such as bayberry. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. painted. or natural. Styles are legion. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. In some climates. Gates are part of the enclosure. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. elegant box. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. used for dry wall or masonry construction. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Stone. At first. Stained. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. gray surfaces are found. Equally important is proportion. as an example. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. deeply evergreen. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. . Lower cost is an advantage. it will seem too sparsely planted. If desired. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Whatever the reason. Where air circulation is much needed. box. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone.

the steps created will be forever an annoyance. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. there is a necessary.Steps When constructing steps. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. Conversely. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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If groups are walking through. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. A width of four feet allows room for turning. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. but should be compatible with. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. and maintenance. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. cost. for example. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Paths must be ample. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. because they are just that. There are. appearance. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. too. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. making the design more evident.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. The colors are various: terracotta. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Step materials need not be the same as. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Choose the path material equally for comfort. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Access paths. the greater the tread. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. or red. . rosy pink. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. however. their use no less than comfortable.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.

a result being hazardous footing. They are easily renewed as they break down. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. a soft-lead pencil in hand. shrubs. This. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. and many good references are available. serviceberry. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. or trees to be considered. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. bark or pine needles can be used. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. too. shad Malus coronaria. is an enjoyable experience. prepare a planting plan for each. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > .) To avoid having a slippery surface. When they mature.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. they should not shade the herbs too much. If the garden is made up of separate beds. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. With these recommendations in mind. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier.

It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. such as the one illustrated here. or whatever is best in your case. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. a focal point is customarily used. it is easily read and easily erased. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. for example.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. however. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Do use a soft-lead pencil. lemon thyme. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. 'Mount Hood daff. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Artifacts As with other gardens. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. noting well their growth habits. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. for example. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. one-half inch equals one foot. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Often this center of interest is a sundial. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Sept. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. It needs. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. too. whether they are invasive or tall growing. Individual interests will dictate which to choose.

R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. < previous page page_9 next page > . Again. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. a niche of its own should be created. If a statue less than life-size is used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame. the height of a fence to the house.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. However. Except for two. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. the designs have a decorative north point.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. that of good proportion. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a stylized drawing of an ovary. For easy reference.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

22. Foeniculum vulgare. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Satureja montana.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium graveolens.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 4.Allium 11. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. salad burnet 12.Lobularia maritima. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. lemon 15. The first number in each planting area is the key number. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. a fence.A. 5. summer 23. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. which is used here in relation to a garage.Poterium sanguisorba. arcticus 27.Viola tricolor. 26. 7. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. sativa. bee balm 13. 1. lovage 17. fennel 2.Satureja hortensis. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. Landscape Architect. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. The rules of symmetry are observed. 14. lemon balm . sweet 25. 6. rose 24. 16. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Ocimum basilicum.S.Melissa officinalis. With color and texture considered for contrast. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. A.L.Galium odoratum. dill cerasiforme. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Lavandula savory angustifolia. or other structure. 21. 3. Lavenders accent the front corners.Thymus praecox subsp.

white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 19. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Origanum heracleoticum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Greek 28.Petroselinum crispum var. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Salvia officinalis. chive 18. costmary 'Albus'. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Porrum Group. Pelargonium × limoneum. leek 9. curly parsley 10. dwarf garden 20.

Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. rose 19. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. lemon verbena 21.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium tomentosum. 9.Artemisia dracunculus var. 11.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 18. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. perhaps overgrown with weeds. bush basil 3. 12.Allium schoenoprasum. Petroselinum crispum var. summer 10. French tarragon 2.Aloysia triphylla. curly parsley sativa.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. 13.Lavandula angustifolia. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. as was done here.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. 17.Monarda didyma.Rosmarinus officinalis. white 20.Pelargonium graveolens. 1.Foeniculum vulgare. . Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. fennel English lavender geranium 4.

Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.salad burnet 6. English thyme dill 8. eglantine 23.Galium odoratum. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Rosa eglanteria. English'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Heliotropium arborescens.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Origanum majorana.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Thymus × citriodorus. 16. 14.

however. lemon thyme 10. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.A. making the beds larger and the paths wider. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. dill 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Origanum heracleoticum. English thyme Greek oregano 4. summer savory 11. garden sage 8.L. 9. sativa. however.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. The number in each planting area is the key number.Petroselinum crispum. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Satureja hortensis.S. Japanese yew 17.Levisticum officinale.Taxus cuspidata. 13. The garden is conveniently located.Poterium sanguisorba. parsley 5. still observing a scale. Then the design might need to be expanded. salad burnet 14. lovage 15. 7.Thymus × citriodorus. . Even in limited space. A.Mentha spicata. and the plan could be used at a front door. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. Origanum majorana. sweet marjoram 3.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia officinalis. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Chionanthus virginicus. spearmint 16.

nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.

7. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Polystichum acrostichoides. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. 25. salad 20. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.A. Christmas fern 5. sweet violet 16. 18. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.Osmunda cinnamomea. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. blue lungwort 26.Stachys byzantina.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. lemon thyme 28. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.Origanum majorana.Thymus × citriodorus.Pulmonaria officinalis. 9. The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender marjoram 2. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. wild ginger 27. fennel 19. Viola odorata. summer 21.L. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Convallaria majalis. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Allium ampeloprasum. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Digitalis grandiflora. yellow 29. 32. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. 33. garden sage 17. 13.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.S. the challenge is obvious. 8. bee balm 14. 6. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. hop sativa. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. A.Teucrium chamaedrys. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. The long. Monarda didyma. 31.Artemisia dracunculus var. This is an intimate garden.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . 30. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. Jacob's-ladder 3.Polemonium reptans. fraxinella 15.Humulus lupulus. Dictamnus albus. cinnamon fern 4. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Landscape Architect.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Asarum canadense. 1.Primula vulgaris. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.

Canada hemlock Standard'. French thyme woodruff koreana.Galium verum. French'.lilac 10.Buxus microphylla var. yellow bedstraw 23. 35. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . winter savory 24.Tsuga canadensis.Korean box 11.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.savory germander Willmott'. crispum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. sweet 34.Satureja montana. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Sorbus americana.Galium odoratum.Petroselinum crispum var.

Italian parsley ." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. garden sage 20. One of the beds. Surprisingly. 19. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. it became part of the patio. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Salvia officinalis. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Rumex scutatus. lemon verbena 2.Petroselinum crispum var. geometric design. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. dill 10. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. devoted to a "yearly surprise. To be placed near the kitchen. It is a pleasing. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. this design can be an inspiration. 1.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Aloysia triphylla. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. neapolitanum. Even so.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden.Origanum heracleoticum.

sweet 14. 16.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. summer savory 23.Ocimum basilicum.Borago officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.Melissa officinalis.17. basil sativa. crispum. chervil marjoram 21. winter savory 24. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Satureja montana.Allium tuberosum. borage 'Purpurascens'. curly parsley 22. lemon basil 9. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Anthriscus cerefolium.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. purple basil 4. chive 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Alpine strawberry 7. salad 15.3. English thyme bush basil 8. lemon balm cicely 6. French tarragon 5.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 13.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. sweet 18. garlic chive 26.Artemisia dracunculus var.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Petroselinum crispum var.Myrrhis odorata.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis.

19. The center beds here were established in this way. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium in variety. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. gray . too. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. blue 22.Myrrhis odorata. English lavender 10.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. the work paths could be eliminated.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis.Galium odoratum. so. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. D.Stachys byzantina.C. it is an unusual. sweet cicely 23. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. purple basil 4. scented-leaf geranium 2. sweet 13. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. rosemary 3. winter 21. geometric design.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 1. To increase the planting area. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus × citriodorus. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Santolina virens. it is full of interesting angles. lamb's-ears 20. 14. English thyme lemon thyme 11. Created in an orderly way. As a whole.Satureja montana. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. green santolina 12.

camphor-scented wormwood 8.Salvia officinalis. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia camphorata. 25. clove pink 7.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. silver mound artemisia 18.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ilex opaca.Artemisia abrotanum. American southernwood holly 17. germander 16. horehound24.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. classic myrtle 9.Myrtus communis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Marrubium vulgare.6. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .

tansy 25.Rosmarinus officinalis. Coix lacryma-jobi. borage 23. pot marigold 24.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum. purple basil 3. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. English lavender 6.Chamaemelum . In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. sativa. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. which adds its impression of warmth. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Its arrow points north and. yarrow 12. lemon balm 22.Artemisia absinthium. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. winter savory 16. This center of interest is of particular note. Job's tears 11. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rosemary 15. Galium odoratum. Lavandula angustifolia. Achillea millefolium. casts the shadow for the hour. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. sweet basil 4.Thymus praecox subsp. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. sweet woodruff 5. French tarragon 14. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. blue hyssop 2. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. this herb garden is secluded. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Melissa officinalis. arcticus 21. too.Satureja montana.Hyssopus officinalis. Sometimes space is limited. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. gray santolina 13.Tanacetum vulgare.Calendula officinalis. absinthe 26.Artemisia dracunculus var.Borago officinalis.

Origanum majorana.Carya illinoinensis. white creeping thyme nobile. marjoram pecan 10. chive 18.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Syringa. chamomile 17. wild marjoram 28.Pelargonium in variety. pineapplescented sage 9. scented-leaf 27. Salvia elegans. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Symphytum officinale.7. comfrey20. costmary 'Albus'. variegated garden sage 8.Origanum vulgare. Salvia officinalis. sweet 29.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. garden sage 19.

hyssop Meyer lemon . the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. true ginger16.Marrubium vulgare. sunken into the ground. Anthriscus cerefolium. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 4. 7. 8.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The more invasive ones. 5.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Ruta graveolens. sativa. for example lemon balm and spearmint. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Ipomoea alba. chervil 15.Apium graveolens. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. blue 23. sweet 34. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Allium sativum. 3. 19. horehound 33. rose geranium 2. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.Allium schoenoprasum. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. summer 32. 29. lemon balm 35. 18. 36.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum majorana.Melissa officinalis. 6.Teucrium chamaedrys. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Pelargonium graveolens. sweet cicely 37. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. 30.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. 9. garlic Levisticum officinale. lovage 22. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Galium odoratum. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. dill 20. parsley 17. When controlled in this way.Salvia officinalis. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. rue 31.Pelargonium × limoneum. French sorrel 21.Myrrhis odorata. 1.Satureja hortensis. purple basil Zingiber officinale.

sweet basil 38.Mentha spicata. bush basil 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Aloysia triphylla. English thyme 26. lemon verbena 11.Tropaeolum minus.Thymus × citriodorus. French thyme 24.Origanum heracleoticum. salad burnet 25. lemonthyme 28.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum.Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf nasturtium 13. Japanese yew 39. Greek oregano 12. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . spearmint 27.10.Magnolia virginiana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.

simplify!. a quick way to ensure good drainage. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. < previous page page_22 next page > . however. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. whatever the reason. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. but. "Simplify.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

peppermint 23.Ruta graveolens. balm sativa. sweet 15. 18. sweet 17.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 13.Mentha spicata.Rosmarinus officinalis. lettuce 10. rue 20.Hedeoma pulegioides. tansy 11. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . French tarragon 5.Impatiens capensis. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Monarda didyma. 16.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum.Capsicum frutescens.Aloe barbadensis. spicebush absinthe French'. tomato American pennyroyal 4. garden sage 3. summer basil savory 7. aloe Grossum Group.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. spearmint 21. 1. arcticus.Artemisia absinthium.Allium fistulosum. bee balm 19.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lactuca sativa. 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. sweet 25.Melissa officinalis. bell pepper 6.Lindera benzoin. parsley 2. 14. 26.Galium odoratum. jewelweed24. lemon 22.Origanum majorana.Mentha x piperita.Petroselinum crispum.Thymus praecox subsp.Anethum graveolens. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Tanacetum vulgare.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.Teucrium chamaedrys. . Russian 13. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. 1. 8. germander 7. horizontally laid bluestone. too.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. A low wall of brick. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. French thyme 2. encloses this plan. Perovskia abrotanoides.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. Thymus praecox subsp. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. arcticus 14. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium in variety.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. faced and capped with random.

-John'swort 17. lemon thyme 10.Thymus praecox subsp.Hamamelis virginiana. white creeping thyme 5.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm hyssop 12.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Campsis radicans. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Alchemilla vulgaris.Viburnum cassinoides. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. blue 11. St.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Galium odoratum.Hyssopus officinalis.angustifolia. lady's6. trumpet vine 16.Santolina neapolitana 4. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lavender 3. crimson creeping thyme 9. witch hazel 18. Thymus × citriodorus.

< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. box. < previous page page_28 next page > . However. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. however. It is. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. holly. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. Germander is a proper edging here. lilac. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. the shrubsyew. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. Although this is not a large garden.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

broom 40.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Eloise & Jo Ray. Heliotropium arborescens. gray sage savory 14.Santolina virens.Satureja montana.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Hyssopus officinalis.20.Stachys byzantina. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Ruta graveolens.Salvia leucophylla. 21. green 27. white creeping thyme 37. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 23. crimson creeping thyme 31.Iris × germanica var. alpine strawberry 8. 32. clary 30. lilac 45. Simkins'. white hyssop 4.Teucrium chamaedrys. mantle chamomile 5. Japanese holly 47. fraxinella 33. classic myrtle 15.Santolina pinnata 34.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. blue horehound hyssop 3. lamb'sears 35. columnal yew 43. 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Japanese yew 44.Anemone pulsatilla. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lady's.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. Viola odorata. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Dictamnus albus. orris 38.Chrysanthemum coccineum. sweet albula.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. Japanese holly 42. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Myrtus communis.Borago officinalis. 1. 26. Corsican 24. santolina alpine pink 28.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. Mentha requienii.Chamaemelum nobile. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Artemisia frigida. dwarf privet 48. rue 6. woolly thyme 7. sweet cicely17. prostrate rosemary 13. Alchemilla vulgaris. Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. red creeping thyme 10.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. 9.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. 18. Marrubium vulgare. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. cottage pink 2. dwarf box 41. fringed wormwood 16.Artemisia camphorata. germander 36. Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata. florentina. dwarf crested iris 39. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia sclarea.Syringa patula. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Cytisus supinus. lavender 22.Iris cristata.Comptonia peregrina.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet violet 19. winter 29.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.

while adding to the enclosure of the area.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. This hedge. The direction a path takes can add interest. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. and a vegetable garden. a cutting garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. as is true here in the vegetable garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. Other paths are brick. < previous page page_30 next page > . which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. and one has an inset for a garden seat. a running bond pattern. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. an herb garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines.

A. .A.L.S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect.

white 'Bouquet'. germander 39.Allium schoenoprasum.Ribes alpinum. sweet 51. blue hyssop 43. Anethum graveolens 23. blue iris 9. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. York-andLancaster rose 16. purple basil Japanese holly 17. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 54. green santolina 42. starsMaxima'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. helenium 4. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. 22.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Santolina virens. lemon 29. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Petroselinum crispum var. 32. verbena rose chive 11. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Helleborus niger. plantain lily 2.Magnolia virginiana. bush basil 41.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. cottage pink French'.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. sweet marjoram 45. 53.Thymus × citriodorus. fraxinella 26. 14. 55. Louise'. lavender 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Polystichum acrostichoides.Limonium latifolium.Rosa damascena savory crispum. yellow 35. Aquilegia chrysantha. Achillea taygetea.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Origanum heracleoticum.Hemerocallis × luteola.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. yellow 24. French thyme 7.Satureja hortensis.Chrysanthemum × superbum. French tarragon 8.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. statice Solemacher'. lamb's-ears 49. candytuft Standard'.Lilium candidum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Salvia sclarea. Christmas 48. clary 46. winter savory 44.Stokesia laevis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. summer 34.Teucrium chamaedrys. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Galium odoratum.Satureja montana. dill wishbone flower 5. Rosmarinus officinalis. 1. 50.Allium christophii. garden sage 56.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. 52.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. blue 27. 47.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Hyssopus officinalis. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Digitalis grandiflora. Dictamnus albus. alpine strawberry 3. 37. sativa. Stokes' aster 31.Pelargonium in variety.Aloysia triphylla. Campanula persicifolia. double white peony of-Persia 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. lemon thyme 40. pale 28.Salvia officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Stachys byzantina. yellow epimedium 15.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.

An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. While serving as a soil retainer. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. < previous page page_32 next page > . An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. as in this case. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area.

lemon verbena 46. lady's43.A. 42. . yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet 23.Lavandula angustifolia.Iris cristata. lamb's25.Viola odorata.Galium odoratum. Borago officinalis. The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Monarda didyma.A.Iris pseudacorus.Aloysia triphylla.R. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. lemon 22. Stachys byzantina. borage 26.45. English 44.Solanum pseudocapsicum. 1. crispum.Allium schoenoprasum. F.Mentha spicata.Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum.Alchemilla vulgaris. 21. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. bee balm 24. Melissa officinalis. Landscape Architect. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. spearmint 41.

37. 40. Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare. salad burnet 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. flowering dogwood 15. Egyptian onion 11.Marrubium vulgare. leek 49.Petroselinum crispum var.Cassia marilandica.7. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Quercus stellata.Mentha × piperita var.Origanum majorana. pink hawthorn 16.Allium cepa.Capsicum frutescens. citrata.Mentha pulegium. pineapple38. fennel 35.Allium ampeloprasum. Greek 53. carpet bugleweed 8. rue 51.Origanum heracleoticum. absinthe English thyme 27.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa × rehderana.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Artemisia absinthium. polyantha rose 12. garlic chive 48. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. horehound neapolitanum. sweet marjoram 28. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia elegans.Ruta graveolens. Ajuga reptans.Allium sativum. orange mint 29.Cornus florida.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. French tarragon holly 13.Vinca minor. tabasco senna pepper 20. southernwood 31. wild 39. mullein chive 47. Proliferum Group.Crataegus arkansana. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Elaeagnus pungens. curly mint 30. savory sativa.Verbascum thapsus.Salvia officinalis. 56. myrtle 58. curly parsley oak 17. catnip 50. dill 34. pennyroyal 54. 57. rosemary 9.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium tuberosum.Anethum graveolens. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. post crispum 'Banquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. summer 32.Satureja hortensis. garden sage 36.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Porrum Group. clove 55. 33.Nepeta cataria.Dianthus caryophyllus.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. 52.

inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. Although this is a northeast exposure. However. mothproofing bags. and vinegars. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. < previous page page_34 next page > . it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. which are a good way to supply controlled shade.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. sleep pillows. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.

'Monge'. Lactuca.Satureja montana.Salvia elegans.Pelargonium tomentosum.Allium schoenoprasum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium fragrans. 1. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. costmary 5. lettuce in variety 25.Rumex scutatus. dwarf nasturtium 37.Artemisia abrotanum. Hallock'. Petroselinum crispum var.Valeriana officinalis. Roman 20.Levisticum officinale. 23.Allium moly. daylily in variety 41. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Agastache foeniculum. winter 29.Pelargonium graveolens.Melissa officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lily leek 44. crispum.Rosmarinus officinalis. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Hyssopus officinalis . dwarf savory garden sage 13.Laurus nobilis. anise hyssop 14. pot 28. lemon 31. lemon 18.Hemerocallis. garden 'Purpurascens'. blue hyssop 35. burnet lovage 6. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 27.Salvia officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. purple basil sage 11. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum.Mentha spicata.Aloysia triphylla.Allium sphaerocephalum. Artemisia pontica. balm valerian 15. Poterium sanguisorba.Iris × germanica var.Allium pulchellum 47.Thuja occidentalis. bee balm 30.Alchemilla vulgaris.Allium cepa.Monarda didyma. Egyptian onion 42. lavender 7.Tropaeolum minus. peppermint geranium 40. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rue 26. lemon verbena 36. 21. 49.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. 19. tansy 16. chive 43. American rosemary arborvitae 34. garden sage 2.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. florentina.Artemisia dracunculus var. salad 22.Calendula officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. French gray santolina sorrel 8. round-headed garlic 46. bay 48. French tarragon 10. lilac 32. southernwood 9. sativa.Allium sativum var. nutmeg geranium 39.Salvia oficinalis. Ruta graveolens. Proliferum Group. 24. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Tsuga canadensis. 50. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. 'President Poincare'.Pelargonium × limoneum. orris 17.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.

< previous page page_36 next page > .< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. is the focus of the middle level. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Invasive. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout.

dwarf winter savory 2.Monarda didyma.Armeria maritima. valerian 5.Satureja hortensis. bee balm 26. white thrift 24. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. Satureja montana 'Nana'. Digitalis purpurea. pineapple mint 22. French tarragon 44.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 25.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Valeriana officinalis. sativa. salad burnet 23. pineapplescented sage 47. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var.Poterium sanguisorba.Sempervivum tectorum. golden thyme . Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. horehound 46. summer savory 43.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. houseleek 45. foxglove 4. thyme 3.Salvia elegans.

6.Anemone pulsatilla.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Allium schoenoprasum. dyer's woad 7.Helleborus orientalis.Hyssopus officinalis. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Symphytum officinale.Eranthis hyemalis.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. 39. sweet 37. white creeping thyme aconite 14. French'. 61. pink 62. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. 54.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. angelica Lenten rose 10.Myrrhis odorata.Chrysanthemum 36. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Origanum majorana. absinthe 53. 38. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Rosa chinensis.Ruta graveolens. lavender Christmas rose 11.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. white 58.Echium vulgare. skirret 60.Galium odoratum. blue hyssop 57.Lilium candidum.Agrimonia eupatoria.Sium sisarum.Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . pot 35. Dictamnus albus. winter bugloss 'Albus'. Angelica archangelica. English 52. parthenium.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. germander 56. arcticus 55.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosa eglanteria. garden 42. 40.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Thymus praecox subsp. marigold chive 15.Levisticum officinale.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. rosemary 28. sweet 32.Galium verum. rue 31.Crocus sativus. yellow 41.Helleborus niger.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. 30.Lavandula angustifolia.Laurus nobilis. Salvia sclarea. feverfew climbing rose 16. dwarf edging box 21. Madonna cicely lily 12. annual clary 51.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis.Calendula officinalis. sweet basil sage 27.Artemisia absinthium. sweet 50.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. fraxinella 8. 33.Alchemilla vulgaris. pink 59.Salvia viridis. viper's 34. China rose comfrey 19.Ocimum basilicum.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. clary 48. Isatis tinctoria. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.

Thought needs to be given to their pruning. < previous page page_38 next page > . However. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. even though space is limited. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Carya ovata. There is variety in this plan. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and the shagbark hickory. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.

blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. stewardsonii. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. box Carya ovata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. germander Agastache foeniculum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. red mint . lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. bee balm Melissa officinalis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's. green santolina Primula veris. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. Poterium sanguisorba. Marrubium vulgare. Canada Isatis tinctoria. box Ruta graveolens. citrata. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. angelica Mondarda didyma. box Buxus sempervirens. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var.Galium verum. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. Adiantum pedatum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. French Galium odoratum. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. flax Buxus sempervirens.Arisaema triphyllum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. sweet basil Satureja montana. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. Asarum canadense. valerian Rosa damascena. sativa. borage Petroselinum crispum. dogwood Salvia sclarea. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. chive Ilex opaca. rue Cornusflorida. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. Aloysia triphylla.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. For this appearance.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. it is open on the side facing the house. However. A clump of birch here. is on a sandy knoll. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. An informal. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. this excavation. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. A singular statue of St. too. < previous page page_40 next page > . a dipping pool there. unplanned look was desired. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

69. garden sage lungwort 57. spearmint 45. 60. purple basil 9.Urginea maritima.Nepeta cataria. winter savory 20.Valeriana officinalis. rose bergamot valerian 25. wild 43. 72.Monarda fistulosa. French'.Rosa 'Merry England'. 34.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 31.Digitalis purpurea. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. myrtle 14. pennyroyal 46. mint 50.Pulmonaria officinalis. gray scented sage santolina 4. blue 2.Origanum majorana. 75.Mentha spicata. 78. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. wild 51.Lavandula angustifolia. 63. 67.Salvia officinalis.Consolida orientalis.Petroselinum crispum.Ocimum basilicum. bee balm . Thymus praecox subsp. catnip 73.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. rose geranium 10. 76. pineapple3. 70. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Allium favum lovage 22. 1.Chrysanthemum 80. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. peppermint 47. lemon 35. 79.Tanacetum vulgare var. feverfew 27. 36. marsh 42.Althaea officinalis. apple mint 49.Glechoma hederacea. sea onion angelica 24. Johnny-jump-up54. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. chive crispum.Mentha × gentilis.Achillea tomentosa. 32. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Digitalis grandiflora.Pelargonium denticulatum.Chelidonium majus.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Allium schoenoprasum. white birch English lavender parthenium. rue 29.Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium quercifolium.Mentha pulegium.Santolina florentina.Convallaria majalis.Thymus herba-barona. Ruta graveolens.Mentha suaveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Poterium sanguisorba. red mint 48. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Mentha × piperita. creeping juniper 26. 58.Satureja hortensis. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. Iris × germanica var. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Pelargonium crispum.Vinca minor. 65.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. orris chamaecyparissus.Ajuga reptans. orange geranium 11. lamb's-ears parsley 19. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. sweet 71. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Satureja montana.Angelica archangelica.The number in each planting area is the key number. 64.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. Sempervivum tectorum. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. thrift55. 52. 53. fern-leaf tansy 23. 74. 12. celandine cicely 18. Thymus × citriodorus. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Armeria maritima.Hyssopus officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia elegans.Monarda didyma.Myrrhis odorata.Coriandrum sativum. 30. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Artemisia abrotanum. 77.Betula papyrifera.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. pot 66.Anethum graveolens.Teucrium canadense.Viola tricolor.Origanum onites. 38. 59.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. golden 37.Levisticum officinale. woolly thyme 13. 8. 68.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Origanum vulgare. lemon balm 44.Pelargonium tomentosum.Melissa officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. 61.Pelargonium graveolens. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Anthriscus cerefolium. 33. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.

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The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. the same as the smokehouse construction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Because of the edging box. Foundation stone. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. is used for the wall. and the two small trees. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the accents of the six large box. making it more a part of the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk.

A. Landscape Architect. .L.S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.

spearmint 48.Ocimum basilicum 30. orange mint 19. European ginger 4. 21. verbena English thyme 5.The number in each planting area is the key number.Buxus sempervirens. 41. Corsican 33. winter 42.Viola tricolor. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Crocus. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Ocimum basilicum 24. dwarf edging box 14. Pelargonium graveolens.Chrysanthemum 28. sweet cicely45. Origanum majorana. balm citrata.Mentha requienii. 47. crownbasil savory imperial 11. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Fritillaria imperialis. box 'Citriodorum'. sweet 26.Satureja montana.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. lemon 36. rosemary 3. bee balm 29. pineapple mint 18.Prunus domestica.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet 37.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 39. 1. sweet marjoram 2. 35. Symphytum officinale. purple basil sativa.Lilium candidum. Lavandula angustifolia. 'Purpurascens'. 44.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. lemon basil 15.Mentha × piperita var. 31.Artemisia dracunculus var.38. chive comfrey curly mint 8. 22.Artemisia frigida. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Ocimum basilicum. lovage 46.Allium giganteum.Aloysia triphylla.Myrrhis odorata. blue angelica lungwort 20. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. fringed 43. Satureja hortensis. 40. Asarum europaeum. Rosmarinus officinalis. summer 25. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Angelica archangelica.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Mentha spicata.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Galium odoratum.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. lemon 34.Pulmonaria officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum. Dictamnus albus. balsamita.Ocimum basilicum 32.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha × piperita. lady's. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Crataegus laevigata.Melissa officinalis. species in variety crispum. white 23. fraxinella 17. English 'Minimum'.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. 27.

< previous page page_44 next page > . the dwarf box edging. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. a soil retainer. Lowgrowing. although it is ample at four feet. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. This is true also of the stone curbing.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Instead. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. The dipping bowl. This hedge. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. two specimen shrubs. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. pink of Dianthus. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. too. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season.

.S.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. A.L. Landscape Architect.

clary 32. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Nepeta mussinii.Digitalis grandiflora.Narcissus asturiensis. 43.Santolina virens. angustifolia 'Nana'.Thymus × citriodorus. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Levisticum officinale. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. Origanum majorana. 61. sweet 55. 44.Salvia sclarea. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 2. Salvia officinalis. orange mint 8. winter savory 39. marjoram crocus 7.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. 58. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.The number in each planting area is the key number. 50. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tulipa clusiana. arcticus 34.Crocus angustifolius. Compactus'. 54. American 38. 36. 1.Mentha × piperita var. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. spearmint 48.Ocimum basilicum. verbena snowflake 19.Crocus tomasinianus.Sternbergia lutea.Pelargonium in variety. Thymus doerfleri.Allium giganteum angelica 11. 46. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 26. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Galium odoratum.Crocus kotschyanus. thyme 29.Satureja montana. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Helleborus niger. caraway thyme albus. 45. angel's-tears 59.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. lemon 60. 20.Dicentra spectabilis. Stachys byzantina. 53. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Borago officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus lividus subsp.Cimicifuga racemosa.Hamamelis virginiana. borage 31. 'Lanuginosus'. 51.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Lilium candidum.Leucojum aestivum. Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 27.Myrica pensylvanica. 40.Mertensia virginica. 52.57.Crocus speciosus.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Heliotropium arborescens. catmint 35.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. white 42. lily. tulip citrata. 17.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. 56. Spanish bluebell 16.Thymus herba-barona.Anemone blanda. lamb's-ears 28.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Aloysia triphylla.Narcissus triandrus var. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Angelica archangelica. arcticus 30.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium in variety. lemon 33.Convallaria majalis.Galanthus nivalis. Madonna 63. gray 22.Teucrium canadense. golden thyme41.Allium christophii. black cohosh windflower 15. green santolina 37. prostrate rosemary 18.Mentha spicata. sweet 47. rue25. 49. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.

This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Morning sun warms it early. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The results have been most satisfying. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. very livable and profoundly satisfying. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. First. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Second. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > .

25. crocus 44. wild celery 42.Crocus sieberi.Artemisia dracunculus var. tulip 45. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 26.A.Allium ampeloprasum. 1. The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe sativa. lemon 21. A.Tulipa tarda.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Salvia sclarea. garden sage 4. Landscape Architect. . leek 46. woolly thyme 3. English thyme 43.Apium graveolens. Artemisia absinthium 24. Ocimum basilicum. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium neapolitanum. Beauty'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Salvia officinalis.L. 'Lambrook Silver'. clary thyme 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia lactiflora. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. sweet basil 23. Porrum Group.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. French tarragon 5.S. Origanum heracleoticum. marigold 41.

red currant gray santolina 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. 54.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. catmint 53. 39.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Dictamnus albus.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Achillea filipendula 60.Santolina virens. lemon 50.Santolina chamaecyparissus. pale 49.Hyssopus officinalis.Ilex opaca. lovage 34.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Allium schoenoprasum.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. sweet 37.Artemisia camphorata.Ipomoea alba. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Levisticum officinale.foxglove 7.Stachys byzantina.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. lobelia Sherbert'. weed chive 48.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. green 40.Cornus florida. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Aloysia triphylla.Asclepias tuberosa.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Galium mollugo. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. great 31. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. American marjoram Yellow'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Dianthus × allwoodii. fraxinella 36. blue 38. Lavandula angustifolia. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Ribes sativum.Allium senescens var. white evergreen azalea 16. clematis 11. American elderberry 15.Origanum majorana.Lobelia siphilitica.Clematis 'Mrs. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. alpine 28. pink 30. 58.Nepeta × faassenii.Petroselinum crispum var.Tropaeolum minus. lamb's-ears 52. 56.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. 29.Aconitum napellus.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. 8. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Digitalis grandiflora. Viola odorata. Robert verbena Brydon'. 32. viola holly 18.Malus hupehensis.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. yellow 55. butterfly 47. dogwood 19. monkshood upright yew 17. curly parsley 20.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A birdbath of copper. are raised with bricks on edge. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . even though the growing area is not extensive. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. The four herb beds. an impression of Sol in it. repeats again the octagonal form.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

42. prostrate rosemary 34. clove pink 10.Nepeta mussinii. lavender 15. crispum. French 26. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Santolina 25. catmint 6. heliotrope 31.Allium schoenoprasum. lavender pine geranium chive 13. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . curly parsley 32. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. absinthe 20.Ruta graveolens.Mentha spicata.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. 27.Mentha × piperita.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 30.Lavandula angustifolia. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Ocimum basilicum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple variegated garden sage 36.Heliotropium arborescens.Salvia officinalis. variegated garden sage 37. lemon 41. Artemisia abrotanum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Artemisia dracunculus var. Semple.Pelargonium denticulatum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. angustifolia. French tarragon 7.Petroselinum crispum var.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. dill 18. English thyme horehound 2. white creeping thyme 12.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil 23.Joan E. thyme salad burnet 40. 1. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Allium tuberosum. Artemisia absinthium. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. golden variegated garden sage 38. lamb's-ears 17.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula dentata. 19.Pelargonium graveolens. clary 21.Pelargonium crispum. purple basil 24. sativa. silver mound artemisia 8. sweet woodruff 9. sweet basil 22. rosemary 33.Poterium sanguisorba.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium tomentosum. Stachys byzantina. peppermint 4. Galium odoratum.Salvia sclarea. spearmint southernwood 5. orange santolina geranium 11. curly mint 3. 28. Anethum graveolens. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 29. rue 35. 16. lemon 39.Rosmarinus officinalis. 43.

The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. rose geranium. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. < previous page page_52 next page > . lemon verbena. A birdbath may replace the pool. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. rose. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. if neither is available. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. and lantana are a few. A suitable fence. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. a toolhouse.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosescented geranium 17. A. The number in each planting area is the key number. green 12.A. zonal geranium 19. white creeping thyme 2. geranium 16. zonal geranium 18. 13. lavender 3. woolly thyme 15.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.Pelargonium frutetorum. 1. lemon thyme 20. gray santolina chamomile 14. bush basil 5. 9.Chamaemelum nobile. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.Aloysia triphylla. verbena ambrosia 4. Landscape Architect.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Origanum majorana.Chenopodium botrys.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Artemisia absinthium 11. absinthe 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Albus'.Tanacetum vulgare var. lemon 10.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.L. crispum.S. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. fern-leaf tansy 8. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus × citriodorus.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Heliotropium arborescens. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sweet santolina marjoram 6. heliotrope 21. Thymus praecox subsp. 7.

and coltsfoot are only a few of them. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. The dwarf box frames the focal point. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. a deep mauve to others. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. box. Box and holly enclose it all. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. These can easily obliterate a design. the design is clearly traced. Hyssop hedges define the circles. artemisias. apothecary's rose. mints. Angelica. but the design itself has endured forty years. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . a sundial. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. As the snows melt. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing.

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Galium odoratum.Sedum telephium. green. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Iris × germanica var. Satureja montana. fern-leaf tansy 5. gray 37.Santolina neapolitana 36.Teucrium chamaedrys.Pulmonaria officinalis. green santolina 24. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Origanum onites. arcticus 39. scented.Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop 42.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. daffodil 17. nasturtium 28. Dianthus caryophyllus. arcticus 40.Sempervivum tectorum.Asarum europaeum. thrift 41. sweet woodruff45. white 66.Artemisia camphorata. dwarf edging box 21. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . southernwood 2. pot bergamot marjoram 7. rue 23. white creeping thyme French'. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Melissa officinalis. 59. 62. Pelargonium in variety.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Helleborus atrorubens 12. valerian 6.Lamium album.Valeriana officinalis. masterwort 69. chamomile 31.Foeniculum vulgare.James D. feverfew 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. apothecary's rose lavender 20. skirret 53. wild 52. grape fennel 19.Helleborus orientalis.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus praecox subsp.63. 65.Stachys byzantina. 67. bush basil nettle orpine 4. butterfly weed35.Taxus. perilla 51. Chamaemelum nobile. houseleek Lenten rose 11. lamb's-ears 33. orris box 22. Tropaeolum majus. clove pink 29.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. blue 50.Lavandula dentata. lady's-mantle 46. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Hyssopus officinalis.Isatis tinctoria.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 48.Sium sisarum.Reseda luteola.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 55. winter savory 32.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla alpina.Lavandula angustifolia. florentina. marjoram lungwort crispum.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. yew Beauty'. absinthe 34. Origanum majorana.Lilium candidum.Vitis.47.Monarda fistulosa. white dead 49. Graham. crimson creeping thyme 18.Asclepias tuberosa. orris 57.Paeonia officinalis. bronze 64.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. dyer's woad 9. arcticus 38. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Rosmarinus officinalis. Santolina virens. 56. Canadian burnet 13. germander 43. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Symphytum officinale. 1.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Perillafrutescens. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Alchemilla vulgaris. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary 25.Pyrus communis. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Armeria maritima.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. weld 54.Astrantia major.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 27.Arisaema dracontium.Allium schoenoprasum.Buxus sempervirens.Syringa.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. 26.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. lilac 70. piney 44.30. 58.Helleborus niger. alpine 60. 'Albus'.

< previous page page_56 next page > . diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. If there is room for only one rambler rose. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. In addition to the brick edging around each. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. At the top of the steps. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. They are small specialty beds. However. include this one. rising from the courtyard." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Rosa 'Albertine'. with buds of red. pink. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. The large.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned.

Tanacetum vulgare. 22.Melissa officinalis. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Carum carvi. winter savory 41. subsp. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 40. rhubarb 2.Satureja montana. lavender 4.Borago officinalis. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. bush basil 43. 1. English thyme . foxglove 39. alpine strawberry 3. Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. caraway 24. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. angelica 20. 23. lemon balm 42.Rheum rhabarbarum.Thymus × citriodorus. Angelica archangelica. tansy Bois'.

Calendula officinalis. Thymus 'Argenteus'. centifolia 'Cristata'.'Baronne Prevost'.Petroselinum crispum var. cheddar pink 53. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. Pelargonium graveolens. geranium in 30. 54. marguerite chive 9. 35.R.Origanum majorana.R. French'.Salvia elegans.Lavandula dentata. blue hyssop 25. 29.Chrysanthemum 46.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. pineapple34.Anethum graveolens 47. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Satureja hortensis. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. centifolia. 49.Chrysanthemum. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Laurus nobilis.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. rose 28. thyme frutescens.Tagetes filifolia.Artemisia dracunculus 44. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . sweet 37. silver 27. French 33.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. centifolia var. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Mentha × piperita var. muscosa 15.Aloysia triphylla. musk rose 12. var. lemon 51.R.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.R. 31. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. clove pink Mammoth'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. curly parsley 26. pot 50.Allium schoenoprasum. bourbon rose 10.6. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. salad 7.R.Poterium sanguisorba. citrata. 36.Chenopodium 55.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.sativa. prostrate rosemary 16.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.'Albertine'.Pelargonium. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. 45.Dianthus Victoria'. 56.R. Mexican tea 18.Marrubium vulgare. Consolida ambigua. Irish-lace 48.

A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. < previous page page_58 next page > . too. as it should be. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. It is near the house. Balance is augmented. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Laid in an unusual pattern.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

A. sweet basil 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rosemary yellow viola 10. dwarf edging box 8. The number in each planting area is the key number. heliotrope 3.Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme 4.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Ocimum basilicum.Hyssopus officinalis. green 22. 1. santolina moss rose 7.S.Anethum graveolens. double white peony 5.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. arcticus 'Albus'. 19.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. chive lemon verbena 6.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 13. A. English thyme signet marigold 11. dill 9. 20.Myosotis sylvatica. 17.Lucile Teeter Kissack. gray 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 23. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Heliotropium arborescens.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Aloysia triphylla.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Santolina virens. 21. 24. English'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. 16. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Architect.Poterium sanguisorba.Satureja hortensis. lavender 2.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.L.

Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. potted lemon verbena. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. winter pruned. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. the fence with roses.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The grape vines. < previous page page_60 next page > . Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. and the grape arbor. Herbs. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. and a comfortable. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. too.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

conical yew rosemary 1. lemon Linum perenne. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Galium odoratum. Aloysia triphylla. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'.Connecticut Vera Breed. Nepeta mussinii. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. three. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. Stachys byzantina. purple variegated garden sage 4. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Althaea officinalis. conical yew 'Silver Moon'.Amsonia tabernaemontana. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. 3. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Teucrium chamaedrys. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. BED II germander BED IV 2. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. marsh climbing rose. Iris cristata. Valeriana officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'.

comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. houseleek in variety 7. fairy rose Giant'. beach Marrubium vulgare. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Delphinium × belladonna. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Rosmarinus officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. catmint 5. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. tuberosa 6. creeping thyme in variety 8. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Sempervivum. lemon Anemone hybrida. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon thyme 9. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Thymus × citriodorus. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. lavender 10. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Thymus. Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > .gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. plume Baptisia australis. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale.

or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. if desired.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Ivy. magnolia. and bright green in the herb beds. Either it flourished too well. holly. silver. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. grew too large. tend to broaden the width of the garden. myrtle. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. planted in bands across these beds. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Later. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. its detail is shown below. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. blue green. Herbs. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Another angle could be tried with these.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

French 27.Laurus nobilis.Chamaemelum nobile.Melissa officinalis. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. rue 20. French thyme 39. woolly thyme 8.Mentha spicata. purple basil savory 35.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. bay rosemary 12.Thymus doerfleri.Ilex opaca. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. gray santolina 15. lamb's.Rumex scutatus. myrtle 47. thyme 37.Thymus carnosus. borage 26. thyme 38. 1. silver-king artemisia 23. arcticus 'Albus'. box chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. bee balm30.Myrica pensylvanica.Artemisia abrotanum. purple garden sage 7. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Vinca minor.Galium odoratum. salad 43.19. American holly 31. 49.Poterium sanguisorba. 33. 'Minimum'. dwarf edging box 11. bush basil albula. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . caraway thyme 40. lemon 29. English'. white creeping thyme 41. dwarf 21. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Ruta graveolens. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Hedera helix. 6.Tanacetum vulgare.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia dracunculus var. Tropaeolum minus. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 34. tansy 45. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. 44. horehound germander 17.Magnolia grandiflora.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium × nervosum. bayberry balm thyme 13. 28. Ocimum basilicum 22. 25.Origanum majorana. spearmint 42.Thymus herba-barona.Mentha suaveolens.Pelargonium fragrans.Teucrium chamaedrys.Satureja montana. sweet woodruff 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. ears rose geranium 3.Monarda didyma. Borago officinalis. lime geranium 4. English thyme chamomile 2.Pelargonium graveolens. Stachys byzantina. English ivy burnet 10.Buxus sempervirens 14.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 24. winter 'Purpurascens'.Marrubium vulgare. lovage 48. lemon 46.

adding to the space for walking. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. too. accent this prime focal point even more. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. < previous page page_64 next page > . potted shrubs. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. maypoles. brick. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. It is a large garden. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. and treessome of which are espaliered. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. too. standards. The four potted bay. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. Laurus nobilis. It is located for the best viewing. The use of flagstone. There is variety in the walks.

P. Johnny-jump. winter 27.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 1.Nigella damascena. apple English thyme up geranium 3.P. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Satureja montana.odoratissimum.Viola tricolor. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. musty oakscented geranium 5. 51. love-in. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.acerifolium. lemon 29. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.50.P. pot 52. 26.Chenopodium botrys.P. 25. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .Calendula officinalis.53.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. fragrans. Thymus × citriodorus. wild 28. 49. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.P.quercifolium.

crowfoot 70. chamomile 8. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. bee balm 63. 62. sweet flag 16. fern-leaf 'Nana'.P.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 36.P. lemon southernwood geranium 34.P. denticulatum. lemon-rose geranium 22.Origanum majorana. box 19.Achilleafilipendula. garden sage 54. 57. French tarragon Rose'.Allium senescens var. salad 42. crispum.P. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. fern-leaf 60.6.Fragaria vesca. cherry tomato chive 17.Laurus nobilis. sweet 37. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Malus. 41. lemon geranium 33. horehound 46.× nervosum. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Salvia caerulea. lettuce 40. blue hyssop 10. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. rosemary 9.Marrubium vulgare.Livingston'. 64.P.Mentha. crispum 'Minor'. pheasant's.Origanum dictamnus. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Mentha pulegium.Malus angustifolia. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. English lavender 32. 71. radens. white creeping thyme geranium 68.P. pine crispum.Viola odorata. Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.P. radens 'Dr.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. bay 20. arcticus43.72. classic 21.Aloysia triphylla. lemon geranium 56.P. wild thyme 31.Forsythia. 44.Myrtus communis.Salvia officinalis. 58. white sweet yarrow violet 13. camphor-scented geranium 69.Anethum graveolens. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Poterium sanguisorba. Chamaemelum nobile. peppermint 67.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon balm 45. lemon 65. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.P.P. rose geranium66.Levisticum officinale. golden lemon thyme 7.P. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Melissa officinalis.P. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. Rosmarinus officinalis. denticulatum 11. orange geranium 23.Tanacetum vulgare var.Acorus calamus. lime geranium 55. tomentosum.Thymus praecox subsp. glutinosum. lettuce 39. bronze 38. strawberry 48. 61. parsley 35.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus serpyllum.Monarda didyma.Pelargonium crispum. forsythia 'Albus'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.P.Poncirus trifoliata.Petroselinum crispum. lemon 47.

This is a large garden by any standard. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. The result is one of sculptured elegance. green santolina. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. too. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. < previous page page_66 next page > . The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. and Allium karataviense.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. In keeping with this feeling. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Artemisia frigida. apple mint 13.Foeniculum vulgare. fringed 7. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis. chive 4. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Santolina virens.Salvia officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus.Florence B.Levisticum officinale. Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf garden 17.Satureja montana. Mentha suaveolens.Salvia officinalis. 8. Baker.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus. gray 10. winter savory 9. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Allium moly. garden sage 18.Thymus praecox subsp. big blue lilyturf 12.Liriope muscari.Allium sativa. wormwood fennel 2. green santolina 14. 1. French tarragon schoenoprasum. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. 15.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. blue hyssop 16.Allium christophii. lemon 11.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the square. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the upper deck. < previous page page_70 next page > . One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. and for the lavender when its bloom is past.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. the circle. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Many herb gardens could provide this. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. for the box after new spring growth. and the front porch of the house. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

dwarf edging box 7. chamomile 2.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. winter savory 4. Italian cypress 9.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf myrtle 6. 1. viola 3. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Chamaemelum nobile.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lemon 8.The number in each planting area is the key number.Cupressus sempervirens. lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Satureja montana.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Cedrus deodara.

The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. from Peter Coats. as it was with this plan. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Paths are gravel. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Coin with Tudor rose design. Roses. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > .. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Madonna 23.Mentha × piperita. winter 32. Dianthus caryophyllus. caraway 35. sweet marjoram 3.Viola tricolor. Origanum majorana. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Melissa officinalis. blue hyssop 2. rue 33.Fumaria officinalis. classic myrtle 18.Poterium sanguisorba.The number in each planting area is the key number.Viola odorata.Carum carvi.Mentha spicata.Lilium candidum. 22.Primula elatior.Bellis perennis.Iris pseudacorus. chamomile 4. oxlip 17.Crocus sativus. Eryngium maritimum. English daisy 36. sweet violet 6. parsley 29.Satureja montana. yellow flag 26.Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus serpyllum.Petroselinum crispum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Calendula officinalis. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. 19.Fragaria vesca. Hyssopus officinalis.Lactuca sativa. 25.Ruta graveolens. Chamaemelum nobile. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Aconitum napellus.Buxus sempervirens. Foeniculum vulgare. lettuce 28.Crithmum maritimum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. wild thyme 5. Malva sylvestris.Myrtus communis. absinthe peppermint 8.Primula vulgaris. salad burnet 10. mallow 13. fennel 21. 34. lemon balm 31. monkshood27. clove20. saffron lily crocus 12. earth 24. pot marigold 15. rosemary 16.Anemone pulsatilla. English pasqueflower primrose 14. 1. spearmint 30.

A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. but Always Love. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. However. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. spurred. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. silver mound. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. most of the blooms are nightscented." Concrete blocks. Selected for this reason. plumed. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. white. white blooms and woolly. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. its tufted. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . along with a measure of fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours.

white 32. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Lilium candidum.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. petunia 30. horehound 2. sweet 31. pink 15.Marrubiam vulgare. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. 17. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. white .Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. silver mound artemisia 3.Galanthus nivalis. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. lamb's. Stachys byzantina. 1. Thymus 'Argenteus'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. 'Albus'.Dictamnus albus.Galium odoratum. silver 16.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.19.

Yucca filamentosa. moonflower 39. white 27. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. rose 41.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Hesperis matronalis. white stock absinthe 10. lavender 12. Viola odorata. Artemisia absinthium. tulip 37.Lunaria annua.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lily-ofthe-valley 11. orris 8.Convallaria majalis.Artemisia ludoviciana. needle florentina. 28. 25. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . western mugwort 7.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Ipomoea alba. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. albula.21. Artemisia lactiflora. 26. Adam's.Polianthes tuberosa.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Salvia sclarea. daffodil 35.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. 23. tulip 38. dame's honesty rocket 14.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.6.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. sweet violet 20. rose 40. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Matthiola incana. tuberose 36.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia stellerana. white 22. clary 24.

Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. required their use as an educational adjunct. too. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. < previous page page_76 next page > .< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. related to an old mill reconstruction. Many of these herbs lack the hues. textures. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Rather. This herb garden. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

kenaf dock dockmackie 5. blueberry 13. sumac poke 17. French 33.Polygonum hydropiperoides. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 39. 22.Rhus typhina.Carthamus tinctorius. 28. black-eyed 50.Urtica dioica. 47.Sanguinaria canadensis. African 45.Mahonia aquifolium. dyer's 31.Cotinus coggygria.Chelidonium majus. peach bracken sorrel 19. 37. 20. golden 40. Boehmeria nivea.51. Musa textilis.Galium odoratum. bee 36. Agave sisalana. saffron crocus marguerite 3. 53.Hypericum perforatum.Phytolacca americana.Rudbeckia hirta. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Viburnum acerifolium.Crocus sativus.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Gossypium hirsutum.38. 34.Tagetes patula.46. Scotch broom hemp 7.Ligustrum vulgare. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. 26. flax 21. stinging nettle44. Hibiscus cannabinus.Cytisus scoparius. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . lily.Berberis vulgaris. queen.Isatis tinctoria.Allium cepa.Morus rubra or alba. Abutilon theophrasti. Linum usitatissimum.Solidago species. madder 54. 23.Galium verum.Anchusa officinalis. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Genista germanica. 43.Rumex obtusifolius.Dipsacus sativus.Rubia tinctorum. 48. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Parmelia conspersa.Genista tinctoria.Convallaria majalis. fuller's 30.Coptis trifolia. 1.Monarda didyma. Manila 25. Agave fourcroydes. yellow 55. alkanet 52. woad Susan laevifolium. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Coreopsis tinctoria. weld 57. privet marigold 15. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Indigofera tinctoria.Furcraea hexapetala.Prunus persica.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Cladrastis lutea.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 32.Agrimonia eupatoria. henequen marigold bearberry 8.. 35. 29. broad 42. ramie 24.Rumex acetosa. Sansevieria trifasciata. sweet 49.Anthemis tinctoria.Reseda luteola. dyer's broom safflower 6. St.Pteridium aquilinum. sisal 27.Hydrastis canadensis. garden 56. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. onion China jute 4.Tagetes erecta. goldthread 41.Filipendula ulmaria.

Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. A totally appealing edging. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Elsewhere. < previous page page_78 next page > . a sundial surrounded by the dainty. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. as well as the roses.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'American Pillar'. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. rambler 20. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 1. Alfred de Rougemont'. 23. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. rambler 19. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 22. 25. 'Sombreuil'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Legras de St. 'Mme. 'Belle Amour' 6. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. the second shows the number of plants to be used. cl. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Mignonette' 5. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. cl. cl. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Queen of the Prairies'. cl. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 24. 18.

The notch of four square feet. < previous page page_80 next page > . abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. Circles and angles provide interest. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. white-flowered kale 49. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. 25. giant garlic var.B.A.C. kohlrabi Rock'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. crispum 'Banquet'. 27. annuum 'Teno'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. annuum 'Black Prince'. Beauty'.Solanum melongena var.B.A. 45. eggplant 43. red 38.esculentum 'Long Black'.C. dulce 47. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. cherry tomato 34. red-flowered kale 6. annuum 'Golden Bell'. sprouts celery 8.A. tuberosum. lycopersicum var. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.B. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. melongena 1.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.B. annuum 'Mosaic'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. graveolens var. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.L. garlic chive 44. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. ruby swiss chard var. C. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. annuum 'Nosegay'.S. C. celery Bed 9. melongena 2.C. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.B.B. 39. 30. Capsicum annuum var. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.C. 28.S. annuum 'Pinocchio'.B.Cichorium intybus.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. dulce 50.L. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.C.B. 29.A. pear Purple Vienna'.B.C.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. 48. 24.B. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. schoenoprasum. C. 32. red 37. 22.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.A. Boerner. 40. graveolens var. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. annuum 'Fips'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. C. graveolens var. graveolens 'French Dinant'. celery Group.annuum 'Floral Gem'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. chive 42. oleracea 'Red Acre'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. 26. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. annuum 'Red Boy'.A.B. cepa Proliferum Group.A. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.A. C. C. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. celery I 31.A.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. oleracea 'Green Parade'.Apium graveolens var. annuum 'Variegata'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. leek 5. oleracea 'Prima'. C.sativa 'Ruby'. curly eggplant parsley 23. Petroselinum crispum var. scorodoprasum. shallot Lakes'.

All of the circles. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and golden thyme. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . for each is a complete entity. arcs. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. winter savory. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. When viewed from the terrace above. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

× nervosum.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. rose-scented geranium 4. 19. germander crowfoot geranium 21. A.P. oak-leaved geranium 16. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon geranium 22. orange geranium 8.P. Satureja montana.P. pungent-scented geranium 25.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. Marshall. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. Santolina virens. × nervosum 'Torento'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. 15.P. crispum. apple gray santolina geranium 3. maple-leaved 18. acerifolium.A. Santolina chamaecyparissus. radens 'Dr. rose geranium 27. P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.' lemon geranium 23.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. gooseberry geranium 24. Teucrium chamaedrys. 29.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .Myrica pensylvanica.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P. tomentosum.Ilex glabra.P. Landscape Architect. green 14. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. lime geranium Rose'. inkberry geranium 9.P.P.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. crispum 'French Lace.P.L.S. Livingston'. scabrum. golden 11.P.P. graveolens.Melissa R. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. apricot geranium28. peppermint 26. winter 13. 12. Assoc. 17. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 1.. P. grossularioides.P. odoratissimum.P.P. × domesticum 6.

Maintenance is high for a knot. or marble chips. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. was planted using edging box only. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. closed knot design. blue hyssop 3. especially when it is blooming. on page 37. 1.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many.Lavandula angustifolia." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. filled with plants that have contrasting color. such as a dwarf edging box. texture. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. and growth to the plants of the knot design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. English lavender 2.Hyssopus officinalis. which is framed with a brick edging. sand. For the knot to look its best at all times. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Its interspaces can be mulched. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. To ease the care for a more complicated design. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Santolina virens. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. .

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . dwarf edging box 4. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. 1. green santolina 2. gray santolina 3.

Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Munstead'. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.officinalis 'Tricolor'. variegated garden sage . fig 4. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. purple variegated 11. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosemary creeping thyme 2. white 7.Thymus praecox subsp. The knot material is maintained at six inches. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. creeping thymes. which is found more often out in the open.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. praecox subsp. 8. arcticus 'Coccineus'. the height of the edging. Some maintenance is required for clipping. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. lavender Japanese barberry 5. In another departure from the usual. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. arcticus 'Albus'. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.T. herba-barona.S. which are confined to that area. caraway thyme 9. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.T. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot.

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American germander 3. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. gray santolina 2.Teucrium canadense. lavender .Santolina chamaecyparissus.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. germander . Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.

gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.

The choice of brick for paths provides a warm.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. again laid on edge. < previous page page_88 next page > . pleasing color. which are also laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. each one a quarter-circle. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. adding another facet to an appealing design. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Santolina neapolitana 10.Helichrysum angustifolium. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Teucrium fruticans.Perovskia atriplicifolia. 18. silver sage 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Marrubium incanum. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. blue sage 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver horehound 19. French lavender 3.Salvia clevelandii. lavender 5. silver thyme 6. tree germander 22. lavender 8. rue 21.Leontopodium alpinum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis marschalliana.Crithmum maritimum. curry plant 7. Russian sage 24.Artemisia arborescens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. samphire14.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. angustifolia 'Rosea'. woolly yarrow 23. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. 17.Thymus 'Argenteus'. glaucum 11.Artemisia frigida.Salvia argentea.Dianthus × caryophyllus. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula dentata var. dwarf gray santolina 20.Allium senescens var. grenadin pink chamomile 4. 1. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . golden marguerite 25. 16. dwarf 12. tree artemisia 26.Stachys byzantina. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Anthemis tinctoria.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 9. candicans.

< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. oregano. As with other plant material. lady's-mantle. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. The color of the container plays a lesser role. If one is familiar with herbs. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. basil. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. < previous page page_90 next page > . Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Some are rosemary. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. are without number. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. sweet marjoram. Styles of containers. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. which include hanging baskets. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. thyme. and the savories. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose.

the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > .

< previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

and so they are strictly uncomplicated.L. If children's interest is not sustained. Of course supervision is necessary. LandscapeArchitect. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. However.A. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. such an outlay would be unwarranted.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. A. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.S. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. < previous page page_95 next page > .

they are easily handpicked. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Instead of benches on the patio. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. < previous page page_96 next page > . and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Children in this age group can help with the construction. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs." selected for their greater fragrance. These are ''old roses. too. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance.

L. A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A.S. . Landscape Architect.

Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. garlic chive 29. Levisticum officinale. borage 15.The number in each planting area is the key number. 13. dill pennyroyal 11. lovage 12.Tropaeolum minus.Salvia sclarea.Origanum majorana. neapolitanum.Allium sativum var. alpine strawberry 3.Marrubium vulgare. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. Dianthus plumarius. crispum.Anethum graveolens.Allium senescens var. garden sage 24. Nigella damascena. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. glaucum 31. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.rocambole 28.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. horehound 26. English lavender 7. English lavender 4. 16. 20. catnip 27. ophioscorodon. damask rose 32.Artemisia abrotanum. summer savory 22.Allium tuberosum.Nepeta cataria. dwarf 6. southernwood 5. clary 25. 19.Chenopodium botrys. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Salvia officinalis. lily leek 30.Petroselinum crispum var. love-in-a-mist 14. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . Borago officinalis.Calendula officinalis.Isatis tinctoria.Satureja hortensis. 1.Rosa gallica.Hedeoma pulegioides. dyer's bush basil woad 9. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Italian parsley 23. pot marigold 8. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Artemisia camphorata. American 21.Rosa damascena. cottage pink 18. Petroselinum crispum var. ambrosia 2.Allium moly.Lavandula angustifolia.

was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. All are inviting to the touch. are a seal and a turtle. not noted on the plan. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The sculptures. The design is a medley of shapes and textures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. < previous page page_98 next page > . previously used as a skating rink. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The oval. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all.

A.R. .A. Landscape Architect. F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.

pussy-toes Celosia cristata. Trifolium pratense. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. chive dandelion Allium sativum. winter savory Mentha. fat-hen Primula veris. bee balm Satureja montana. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. dog violet Lemna. coltsfoot Mimulus. Foeniculum vulgare. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. cowslip Linaria. lousewort Viola canina. borage Tanacetum vulgare. bee orchid Erigeron. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. Nepeta cataria. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. chamomile Mentha. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. tansy Monarda didyma. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. English Tussilago farfara. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. mint Galium odoratum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . marigold Salvia officinalis. mint Tagetes. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. Allium schoenoprasum. duckweed Antennaria. Greek Stachys byzantina. fleabane Stellaria.

makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. it is a most satisfying growing situation. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. for an old barn foundation of stone. its wooden structure long gone. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Still. feverfew. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. an exceedingly long one. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Instead. < previous page page_101 next page > . a mint. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. developed particularly for study. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and old barn beams another about the same height. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. Its plant list. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Here. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Their height eases the task of weeding. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. A number of wooden window frames.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

T 'Argenteus'. 61. lemon verbena 106. golden marjoram 26.Marrubium vulgare. odorous thyme 104. rosemary 82.Viola odorata.T.Lychnis coronaria.A. 'Purpurascens'. lesser 67. pink 58.S.49.Achillea millefolium. basil blue hyssop 15.Satureja montana. fern-leaf tansy 95.Artemisia dracunculus var.Campanula persicifolia.Levisticum officinale. 44. balm horehound 14. 54. foxglove cypress spurge 21. arcticus 'Coccineus'. camphorata.Thymus praecox subsp. foxglove 2. crimson creeping thyme 96. odoratissimum. camphor. golden lemon thyme 99. crispum.T. officinalis 'Tricolor'. wormwood germander 9. sweet 53. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. pontica.A. apple wormwood geranium 8. 50. mosquito plant 19.Viola tricolor. rampion 81. sweet violet 40. richardii subsp. nitidus. garden sage 84.Ruta graveolens.S.Physalis heterophylla. lemon thyme 100. winter savory 88.Digitalis purpurea.A.O.Calamintha grandiflora.Genista tinctoria.Salvia officinalis. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. silver thyme 105. marsh mallow 13. officinalis 'Aurea'.T. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Campanula rapunculus. majorana.Geranium robertianum. 48. 42. purple variegated garden sage 85. 'Clear Gold'. creeping veronica . catmint 63. Grecian 59. 1. viper's 65. herba-barona.Nepeta mussinii.Tanacetum vulgare var.Agastache cana. 62. plantain 80. lemon 52.O. bee balm lovage 20. absinthium.M. 66. alpine savory 89.A.P. caraway thyme 103.Ranunculus ficaria. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Stachys grandifora 93.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. officinalis 'Purpurea'.T. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. golden thyme 98. 43.Rosmarinus officinalis.Acinos alpinus. tomentosum. Roman 46.Stachys officinalis. woolly thyme 101.Calendula officinalis. bee balm57.Agastache foeniculum.Asarum canadense. absinthe 51.Valeriana officinalis.Monarda didyma.Lavandula angustifolia.T.Alchemilla vulgaris. × citriodorus. 60. southernwood houseleek 12. betony 92.Veronica serpyllifolia. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. basilicum 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Albus'.Teucrium chamaedrys. rue 83.Echium vulgare.A. 55.O. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. sweet cicely 94.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. angelica lemon geranium 5.S.Ocimum basilicum.Myrrhis odorata.O. stellerana. rose sativa. beach 47. praecox subsp.Pelargonium crispum. praecox subsp.Sium sisarum. thyme 102.Angelica archangelica. rose costmary campion 23.A. abrotanum.Hypericum perforatum. graveolens.P. variegated garden sage 87.Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Althaea officinalis. didyma 'Rosea'.O. pot marjoram bugloss 27.T.Digitalis lanata.Sempervivum tectorum.-John'swort 91. 45. celandine madder 79. onites. calamint valerian 24. St.Chrysanthemum balsamita. basilicum 56. purple basil English lavender 18. 64.Melissa officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet celandine marjoram 28. golden variegated garden sage 86. yarrow herb Robert 4. sweet 41.Plantago major.T.Euphorbia cyparissias.Pulmonaria officinalis.T.Aloysia triphylla.Rubia tinctorum. white creeping thyme 97.P. wild lemon basil ginger 16. French tarragon geranium 7. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Galium odoratum. pallasianus. skirret 90. pot marigold 25. southernwood ground cherry 10.Chelidonium majus.

M.Origanum vulgare. cowslip 72. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Lilium candidum. red mint comfrey 33. wild 116. citrata. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Atriplex hortensis. 76. chicory 70.Chrysanthemum 78.cepa. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. × gentilis. orange mint 32.M. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Sorbaria sorbifolia. veronica 108. apple mint 69.Helichrysum angustifolium.Chrysanthemum 74. evening 77.Anthriscus cerefolium. dyer's woad 110.Primula veris. chervil 68.M.Verbascum thapsus. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Lysimachia vulgaris.Dianthus plumarius 75. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Chamaemelum nobile.Mentha suaveolens.Laurus nobilis. pin cherry 39. 71. tree onion 112.Prunus pensylvanica. moth 113.Myrtus communis. spicata.29. garlic 111. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Origanum dictamnus. curry plant mullein 35.Cichorium intybus. chamomile 30.M. pineapple mint 31. feverfew cinerariifolium.Veronica officinalis.A. × piperita var. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Isatis tinctoria. ostrowskianum 34.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Yucca filamentosa. 114. blattaria. Proliferum Group.Allium sativum.Oenothera biennis.Symphytum officinale.V. orach115. yucca 109.A. spearmint 107. 73.

< previous page page_104 next page > . Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. A wheelshaped bed. but not obvious. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. its outline constructed of brick. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. of good proportion for the size of the opening. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Francis. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. A statue of St.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

lion's-ear prismaticum. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. loquat Cichorium intybus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. Sidney Ephedra viridis. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. AREA VI japonica. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. Eriobotrya japonica. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. potato Brassica eruca. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Eleocharis dulcis. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. Vetiveria zizanioides. Cestrum nocturnum. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. cat Watsonia rosea. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. menthifolia. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . poet's Solidago californica. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. labdanum Cistus crispus. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. white Justicia carnea. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. AREA IV Ixia maculata. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. only those not found on other lists are noted here. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides.

The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. an "old rose" and fragrant. but also for proper leaf size. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. and a third a culinary garden. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. scented-leaf geraniums. emphasizes the circle. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. or potpourri. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. is a center of interest. to name a few. another a Mary garden. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. < previous page page_106 next page > . The damask rose 'Celsiana'. not only for hardiness where needed. One is a garden of legends.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The exterior brick path. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

saffron crocus marigold 7. 1.Origanum majorana.20. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. rue 28.Galium verum. sweet marjoram basil 12.19. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata. garden up sage 10. English ivy rosemary 8. spearmint 22. angelica 2.Brassica nigra.Salvia officinalis. blue 18. Artemisia absinthium.Ruta graveolens.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Alchemilla vulgaris. hyssop rose 9.Ocimum basilicum.Hedera helix.Crocus sativus.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lamium album. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Hyssopus officinalis. absinthe 4.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. lady's.Calendula officinalis. Angelica archangelica. chive bedstraw 16. Chamaemelum nobile. Linum usitatissimum. Johnny-jump. black 23. yellow 25. English thyme 13. pyrethrum 5. white dead 24. Anethum graveolens. chamomile 3. pot 26. 27.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dill 11.Narcissus mustard 14. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 21. costmary 6. flax 17.Allium schoenoprasum.

No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. < previous page page_108 next page > .< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.

loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. sweet Myrtus communis. lemon balm Mentha spicata. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Russian 'Prostratus'. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fastigiata. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Cotinus coggygria. Myrrhis odorata. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. beach Monarda didyma. bay Echeveria × imbricata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. perennial flax Galium odoratum. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. clove Marrubium vulgare. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Artemisia absinthium. peppermint Laurus nobilis. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. rue Malva alcea var. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. thyme Cnicus benedictus. blue Lamium maculatum. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'.

At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. < previous page page_110 next page > . but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. Appropriately used as accents. The generous use of edgings.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. This is a general rule observed. features a closed knot of superior design. too. and huge. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. simply on a smaller scale. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. millstones. Viewed from the terrace garden.

cheddar pink 4.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.A. The number in each planting area is the key number. Design plan of herb garden 1.Hyssopus officinalis. green santolina 6. six feet in diameter. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina virens. that of good proportion. and the mulch. blue hyssop 3. has its size dictated by a rule of design. of greater size than is commonly found. angustifolia 'Munstead'.L. Routine clipping is required. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. gray santolina 7. germander 2. A. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. Landscape Architect. dwarf box .S. 'Tiny Rubies'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. lavender 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.

witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. shadbush Salix caprea. quince Magnolia virginiana. japonica. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. box Myrica pensylvanica. box Calycanthus fioridus. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. plum Prunus maritima. beach plum Corylus avellana. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. black haw Prunus americana. honey locust Cornus florida. goat willow Sassafras albidum. dogwood Pinus nigra.

and a miscellany of others. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Salvia. herba-barona. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. caraway thyme T. 'Argenteus'. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. leucotrichus T. doerfleri T. silver thyme T. its plant material varied. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. praecox subsp. praecox subsp. Rosmarinus. Currently. 'Doone Valley' . This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. arcticus T. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Lavandula. As a rule. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. However. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Annie Hall' T.

tree germander Boehmaria nivea. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. purple variegated garden sage S. sweet lavender L. angustissimus. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. anise sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. woolly thyme T. dentata. involucrata. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. English lavender L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia subsp. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. angustifolia subsp. praecox subsp. autumn sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. ramie . angustifolia 'Munstead' L. leucantha. angustifolia. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. praecox subsp. golden variegated sage S. golden thyme T. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. guaranitica. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. heterophylla. 'Clear Gold'.T. golden rosemary R. arcticus 'Coccineus'. greggii. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. blue sage S. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina.

Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Herniaria glabra. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. The house. constructed of brick made on the property. obedient plant. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. which were located between the water supply. for scrubbing pots. Cheloneglabra. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . balmony. to lure bees. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. a well beside the house. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. to sweeten the air. Equisetum arvense. Circumstances determined these priorities. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Primarily. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The apple trees. L. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Hesperis matronalis. culinary. horsetail. Prunella vulgaris. Physostegia virginiana. rupturewort. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. used in salads or boiled. Sium sisarum. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Smith. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. family needsmedicinal.

this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Today. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. < previous page page_116 next page > . The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. while functional. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. too. too. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. for a few are in use now.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Cape jasmine 10.Malus angustifolia. 15.Sambucus canadensis. pomegranate 3.Rosa banksiae.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Lonicera flava. 16.Syringa × persica var.Prunus angustifolia.Lagerstroemia indica. bay 7.Lonicera sempervirens.Wisteria frutescens. yellow 12. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. fig 6. southern laciniata.Allium sativum.Rosmarinus officinalis. garlic 9.Pinus taeda. 1. trumpet 11.Ficus carica. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . wisteria 13. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Gardenia jasminoides. rosemary 2.Punica granatum.Laurus nobilis. Banksia rose 14.

< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Appropriately. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. < previous page page_118 next page > . It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. too. Italy. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. The effect would be quite different without them. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Lilium candidum. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 54. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Teucrium chamaedrys. catnip 34. sweet shrub 10. black 29. 42.Tanacetum vulgare.Chamaemelum nobile. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Asarum virginicum. 38.Elizabeth Lawrence.Melissa officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Cassia marilandica. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . 37.Symphytum officinale.Lonicera sempervirens. lemon 26.Galium odoratum. American holly 16. basil chive 3. St.Punica granatum. yarrow lungwort 22. mullein 49. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. horsemint lobelia 23. bay lavender wintergreen 21. foxglove 41.Allium schoenoprasum. clove 36. yellow-root 7.Acorus calamus.Calendula officinalis. sweet flag marigold 24. dill 39.57.Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia abrotanum.Chimaphila umbellata.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Cimicifuga racemosa.Monarda punctata. wild ginger69.Foeniculum vulgare. sativa.Achillea millefolium.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Hamamelis virginiana. 43.Verbascum thapsus. sweet 64. agrimony 58.Paeonia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet 27.Pinckneya pubens. myrtle 53. 55.Levisticum officinale. hyssop sassafras 20. lovage 35.Monarda didyma.Salvia officinalis.Mentha pulegium. 30.Cornus florida. 60.Populus balsamifera. blue 46. 66. garden sage 59.Eupatorium perfoliatum. spearmint 62.Borago officinalis.Hypericum perforatum.Calycanthus fioridus.Ocimum basilicum.Nepeta cataria.Vinca minor. 68.Gaultheria procumbens.Ilex vomitoria. 63.Hyssopus officinalis.Colchicum autumnale.Santolina chamaecyparissus. bee balm 28.Agrimonia eupatoria.Anethum graveolens. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Sassafras albidum.Lobelia siphilitica.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. box chamomile 9.Rosmarinus officinalis. 45. fuller's teasel 67. great 47.Lindera benzoin. rue 56.Mentha spicata.Dipsacus sativus. 1.Ruta graveolens.Digitalis purpurea. blue 44. saffron crocus 25.Buxus sempervirens. senna woodruff 15.Rubus allegheniensis. peony 51.Rosa laevigata. 33.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Lavandula angustifolia.Crocus sativus. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. 70. 61. peppermint 52.Laurus nobilis. balm autumn crocus 2. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Armoracia rusticana. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Asclepias tuberosa. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. gray santolina witch hazel 11. tansy 65. pot 48. fennel 40. 50.Marrubium vulgare. borage 31.Ilex opaca. butterfly 32. dogwood horehound 18.

Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. and fragrances they developed. < previous page page_120 next page > . the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. This is true for the remedies. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. preventives. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. In any event. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. of herbs for one loaf of bread. 1 T. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance.

Digitalis purpurea. peppermint 18.Salvia officinalis.Monarda punctata. English 10. absinthe 9.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage 8.Lavandula angustifolia. spearmint 17.Levisticum officinale.Cydonia oblonga. sweet basil 13.Satureja montana.Nepeta cataria.Origanum majorana. blue hyssop 21. caraway 19. English thyme rosemary 7. quince 24.Viburnum prunifolium.Carum carvi. winter savory 4. pot marigold 2.Artemisia absinthium. foxglove 12. tansy 11.Mentha × piperita. sweet marjoram 6. catnip 16. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . black haw 23.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. apothecary's rose 22.Ocimum basilicum.Marrubium vulgare. Calendula officinalis. horsemint 20.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 15.Mentha spicata. opium poppy 5. 14.Papaver somniferum.Pyrus communis. lavender lovage 3.

Thus it was for this garden. Shaded by hop vines. The main paths of brick unify the garden. makes it something of a focal point. from early Moravian settlements. < previous page page_122 next page > . and if the best has not always survived. one dated 1759. often it is reconstructed. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. to study it. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and bricks raise the beds. centrally located. Some could be used singly. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The beds are used to achieve balance. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. for example the large square bed with circular path. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. the other 1761. Allowed such freedom of expression. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape.

A. .S.L. Campbell. A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.

eglantine Group. Madonna lily 59.Salvia officinalis. rosemary49.Foeniculum vulgare. sorrel 65. 62. fennel marjoram 28. autumn crocus 34.Matthiola incana.Lilium candidum. polyanthus narcissus 60.Rosa centifolia. love.Aquilegia vulgaris. mugwort67. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Magnolia grandiflora.Petroselinum crispum. columbine 29.Mentha × piperita.Gelsemium sempervirens. elecampane 11.Silybum marianum.Cnicus benedictus. parsley 32.Salvia sclarea.Scabiosa atropurpurea. 68. betony 82.Allium schoenoprasum. spearmint 57.Chamaemelum nobile.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Mentha spicata.Crocus sativus. madder 16. virgin's bower 40. chamomile 17. rue 14.Ficus.Vitis.Coriandrum sativum.Rumex acetosa.Narcissus poeticus. lavender rose 21. chestnut rose 43. tansy 6.Carum carvi.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis.Nepeta cataria. hollyhock 51.Celosia cristata. absinthe 45.Symphytum officinale.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 66.77. lovage 9. garden nasturtium 12. blue 63.Inula helenium. 74.Colchicum autumnale.Hydrangea quercifolia.Humulus lupulus.Papaver rhoeas.Anethum graveolens. borage 5. daisy crape myrtle 23. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. balm chive 37.Passiflora incarnata.Rosa gallica.Rosa eglanteria.The number in each planting area is the key number. horehound 56. rhubarb 10. Carolina jessamine 38. blue 69.Amaranthus caudatus. hop southernwood 39. sweet 71. 1. 54. damask coriander rose 19. holy thistle 58.Ruta graveolens.Dianthus caryophyllus. yarrow 4.Salvia viridis.Cercis canadensis.Tropaeolum minus. basil moss rose 44.Cornusflorida. clove 53. English 78.Levisticum officinale. stock 50. red pepper 20.Ocimum basilicum. caraway 72.Achillea millefolium. blessed thistle 8.Asparagus officinalis. catnip 70. grape larkspur 41. dwarf nasturtium 13.Bellis perennis. 52. black cumin 46.Pulmonaria officinalis.Nigella sativa.Lagerstroemia indica.Clematis virginiana.Artemisia vulgaris.Consolida ambigua.Rubia tinctorum.Rosa damascena. annual clary 3.Narcissus tazetta. corn poppy 79.Origanum majorana.Armoracia rusticana.Rosa moschata.Rheum rhabarbarum.Rosa roxburghii.Chrysanthemum parthenium. comfrey 33.Marrubium vulgare. 48. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. feverfew southern magnolia 27. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. dill 73. garden sage 15.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 55. French rose 18.Saponaria officinalis. redbud 24. English thyme 2.Tropaeolum majus.Alcea rosea. garlic lungwort 36. 81. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Borago officinalis.Atriplex hortensis. cabbage angustifolia.Althaea officinalis.Allium sativum. asparagus 31.Stachys officinalis. poet's narcissus 61. lemon 64. orach 76.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. marsh mallow 7. hyssop maypop 42. 80. cockscomb 47. clary 30.Artemisia absinthium.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. and the north point is established. it is proper to make a trial run. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. This space was never adequate. far from the house. The next most desirable exposure. The lesser the scale. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. even boggy. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. First. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Although some observations may seem obvious.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Usually this is least desirable. Calluna (heather). Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Thus. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. the western. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). A ravine and existing. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible.

if a garden as large as desired is to be established. as the drawing on p. but it need not be identical. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The outline is fixed. another is close to the rear of the house. a driveway on still another. It was a pleasurable assignment. certainly not precisely the same. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. 77 provided the needed inspiration. 127 indicates. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Then. Indeed. single bed. The. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. and the property line on the last. < previous page page_126 next page > . the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. and the search did not take long. The general outline is similar. The new herb garden has been located. all four sides are so determined. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. There is the housegarage structure on one side. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another.ground where drainage is better. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs.

It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. Two drawings were required to work out problems. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. something is amiss. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. as in this case. There was no . In addition. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. this low wall will enclose the garden area. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. If. then north. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. In fact. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. With the plan established. forming the outer boundary of the service path. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If all is well. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

In this area. the site required some leveling. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. a lapped joint was fashioned. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. At corners. A structural edging was in order. this was. However. . it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. eight. the eight-foot length was more practical. In the earlier stage of planning. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. not one completed in a weekend.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. admittedly. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In this case. and the finished edging would be effective. Before edgings could be put in place. however. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. However. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. selected for its simplicity. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. The pattern is running bond. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Weeds. Aged compost. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. this same base underlies all the paths. sand. Heavy black plastic. for they will likely have more traffic. Unfortunately. leaves. Paving for the terraced area is brick. A choice of five colors was available. had been proof of that. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. This method of treatment now guarantees . Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. could serve this purpose. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. filling the beds with soil was next.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. One is the ramp to the driveway. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. but there are exits to different levels.

All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. even bed for the pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. However. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. on a trial run of one course of brick. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. worth the added cost. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area.

The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. the terraced area. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths. since that path borders the house.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. In this instance. converging where it was logical to do so. Sometimes called "rubble drains. French drains. and the steps to other levels. . came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. learned about decades earlier. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. for it would interfere with the drainage system. Herbs have flourished in the beds." their construction can be somewhat varied.

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hundredths of an inch. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. albula. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. E EllipseAn oval. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. often a wall or trellis. casts the shadow for the hour. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. Its arrow points north and. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . for example. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. having a variety of gradations. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. a garden plan. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. sixteenths of an inch. is symmetrical. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. and so on. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. and so on. in inches. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. in tenths of an inch. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. for example. twelfths of an inch.

HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. its compartments filled with flowers. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. turf.3). sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. heated especially by fermenting manure. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. G GazeboA freestanding. also called rubble drain. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms.3. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Usually a few inches thick. rounded fragments of rock. GrindstoneMillstone. or colored earths.brick) in the same course. M ManufactoryA factory. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. a flat. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. Pea gravelSmall. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. a patterned garden. roofed structure usually open on the sides. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. ForthrightA straight course or path. loose. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds.

rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.

R Rose. Stone. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Turf seatBanked-up earth. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. < previous page page_132 next page > . dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. snug fit for walks. ranking between species and variety. TreillageLatticework for vines.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. called also a hose cock. often planted with aromatic herbs. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. walls. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. V VarietyA category below species. not treelike or with a single trunk. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. cutting. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. or steps. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. W Wall.

A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1902. New York: Macmillan. 1961. . Helen Morgenthau. Sydney: B. L. Gertrude B. New York: Macmillan. ed. H. 1973. Daniel J. Cross. Edlin. Aurora. New York: Crown Publishers. John E. . Park's Success with Herbs. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. The Garden (An Illustrated History). London: Saturn Press. Alice Morse. Room Outside. Flannery. New York: Macmillan. Dutton & Co. London: Country Life. Foster. Batsford. London: Macmillan. 1951. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. New York. Green Enchantment. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. How Plants Get Their Names. British Plants. Toronto. 1963. 1982. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Liberty Hyde. 1957. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Helen H.. 1958. 1962. The Herb Garden. Garden Design. Erichsen-Brown. Staff of. London: Marshall Cavendish. Greenwood.: Buckeye Printing Co. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 1980. Baumgardt. Terrace. 1944. Doran & Co. Prof. P. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. New York: G. Seal. 1935. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Garden City: Doubleday. Putnam's Sons. Rosemary F. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Clarkson. and Louden. Frances A. 1966. Book of the Geranium. Berrall. 14701670. Harriet Ballard. Hanging Plants for Home. Robert Lee. Herbals. Sevenoaks. Fox. 1942. H.C. Behme.. Peter. Julia S. The Cultivated Basils. Bailey.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. 1971.. Brownlow. 1966. and Accessories.: Geo. Charlotte. Complements. New York: Macmillan. New York: E. Margaret E. 1972. Bailey Hortorium. New York: Dover. Roses. Beston. The Small Garden. 1979. Henry. Crowe.. Coats. Brookes. 1980. Herbs and the Earth. 1970. Gertrude B. London. 1971. T. Darrah. and Garden. Bardswell. Park Seed Co. Earle. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. New York: Hawthorne Books. Herbsfor Every Garden. Agnes. 1972. New York: Viking Press. New York: Viking Press. . Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1976. Jot. Mo. S. New York: Simon and Schuster. Carpenter. L. 1933. Foley. John Philip. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1911. 1938. Independence. 1977. P. 1951. Rosetta E. Kent: The Herb Farm. Foster. W. Sylvia. John. Hortus Third.. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press.

. Brown & Co. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Potter. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: Macmillan. Rosengarten. New York: De La Mare. Dorothy Bovee. Jones. New York: Macmillan. Ann. 1961. and Rice. 1975. ed. Roses of the World in Color. Harold N. 1973. Carol. chemist. Claire.Garland.C. Leighton. Helen K. Robert.: Livingston Pub. Mary U. Lerner. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Muenscher. 1911. Franco. 1974. Rev. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.) Rohde. Early American Gardens. 1971. 1976. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Mass. Toronto: Little. A Garden of Herbs. 1971. Vegetable Dyeing. and Brunello. 1952. Pa. Ireys. The Berry Book. 1979. Grieve. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Neri.. 1975. Hendrickson. Eleanour Sinclair. M. Flowers of the Field. New York: E. J. Sarah. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. P. 1951. Wynnewood. Norma Jean. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Lawrence. New York: Dover. London: Faber and Faber.. Gardens in Winter. Tucson: H. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1969. 2d ed. Kiaer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. How to Select. 1969. Waltham. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. N. Grow and Enjoy. McFarland. London: George Routledge & Sons. Moldenke. Bernard Hickey. Plants of the Bible. Edited by Clarence Elliott. 1981. Boston. Division Billboard Publications. Sylva. 1966. Loewenfeld. Italy.. Adelma G. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. and Chiltoskey. Landscaping with Vines.: Chronica Botanica Co. Frederic. C. Horace.. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: Viking Press. and Back. 1938. New York: William Morrow & Co. Mrs. Philippa. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Cherokee Plants. Miller. < previous page page_133 next page > . Amy Bess. The Book of Spices. Lathrop.. The Herb Garden. 1981. Hay. P. Krauss. Lesch. Alice Recknagel. Shaker Herbs.. 1982... Howard. and Alma L. Patrick M. Pozza. 1946. Eigel.: Herald Publishing Co. The Concise Handbook of Roses. and Synge. New York: Harper & Bros. A Biblical Garden. A. Hamel. 1970. Books. New York: Doubleday. George H. Johnson. 1978. Vicenza. New York: Crown Publishers. 1959. New York: Van Nostrand. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1972. 1983. Claire.. Boston. Lawrence. Myron. Herbs. New York: Clarkson N. Modern Herbal. Frances. Loewenfeld. Elizabeth. . Co. M. Paul B. Alma. Walter. 1970. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons.. 1976. New York: Dover. The Art of Dyeing. 1974. New York: Macmillan. Jr. Loyal R. Johns. (1st American edition trans. Dutton & Co. Simmons. 1964. Roy..

1957. . Cozart. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Peter M. Jr. ed. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.. Robert K. Donald Paxton. Mrs. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Campbell. Helen Van Pelt. Marion E. Rev. Mrs. New York: McGraw-Hill.A. Mrs. Price. Martin's. Paxton. Madalene Hill. Shrub Roses of Today.A. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Mrs. Susan W.D..A.A. Gannaway. The Fragrant Year. W T. Virginia B. 1931. 1967. Mrs. . William Y Dear.. Plants of the Bible. F. 1965. Ingersoll. L. Meyer. Mrs. Nelva M. Climbing Roses Old and New. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 1979. Yang. New York: William Morrow & Co. Katherine S. Bleecker. Container Gardening Outdoors. 1976. 1975. Thomas.S.A. Bradner. New York: Simon & Schuster. Associate. Stearn. Morss.. Winthrop G. Sandy Hicks. Hines.. L. Mrs. Linda.S. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.R.A. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. 1974. W. Elisabeth W. Alfred L. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Malcolm. Raymond V. 1961. George. New York: Doubleday. Mr. Henry Gund. Michael. New York: Hafner. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Boston: Ralph T. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. New York. T. William T. Keebler. Mrs. L. L. Mrs. Neil Hamill Park. Berkeley Brandt..< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Charles L. William Radler.A. Hale & Co. Herbert G.S. . Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. C. Jack Emil Geist. Griffin. Hammond Crawford. Onward and Upward in the Garden. William W. New York: St. Fragrance in the Garden.. 1962. Bush. Bynam. Philip Batchelder. Sherry D. 1953. 1976. 1972. A.: Garden Way. Norman. Mrs. George T.. The Fragrant Garden. L. Martin. Esther. Smith. New York: William Farquhar Payson. L.. New York: St.A. Diane C. Stearn. H.A.A.. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Graham. Taloumis. Taylor. Leonard Dreyfuss. Building Stone Walls. New ed. Martin's Press. Robert G.L. Helen Noyes.. Tarantino. Jr. Wilder. London: Phoenix House. 1953. Plimpton. ed. Mrs. Z... New York: Simon & Schuster.L. White. Amy Bess Miller. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Vera Breed. Weber. Martha Dahlen.A. John Poinier. Frank M. Landscape Architecture. Mrs. Vivian. Mrs. L.A. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Mrs. Austin R. Jo Lohmolder.A. Lamm. A. L. Giroux.. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Rhoda Specht.The Old Shrub Roses. Pees... Jr. Mrs. L. Maxton Davies. Marshall. L. John Ormsbee. L. L. Mrs.A. Graham Stuart. Baker.. Mrs. A.. Charlotte. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. A. The Shakespeare Garden. Straus. Mrs. A.. Revised by Dr. Webster. London: Phoenix House. Mrs. Mrs. Margaret Osborn Holt. The History of Gardens. 1979. Boerner.A. New York: Dover. Vt. William C... and Robert B. Botanical Latin. Thacker. Mrs.A. New York: Farrar. Barbara Capen.. 1966. Wilson. James C. Mrs. Herbs in the Garden. John. Charles Patch. Louise Beebe. 1942. 1972. Christopher. L. McGarry. Bates.L. Stuart. Moffit.A. 1979. and Bell. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Mrs. Indianapolis. L. . Leonie. Zohary. 1972. Elizabeth Lawrence. New York. Mrs.A. and Mrs.. James D. Melissa R. William T. Benjamin McF. Singleton. 1982.

Linda Yang. Mrs. L. Little Rock. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Roberts.. Joe H. Faith H. Hales Corners. Helen M. Wilcox. Milton Stricker. Greenland. < previous page page_134 next page > . N. Old Slater Mill Museum.. Whitman. Christopher Rady.. G.A.. Winston-Salem. Ohio. Mrs.. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Mich. L. The following provided historical. Hancock Shaker Village. Smith (Ann Leighton)..A. N. Christopher Spencer. Isadore L.A. Bailey. John A. Joan E. Skinner. civic. Inc.. Atlanta Historical Society. Gayle. Frederick E.. Wisc. Linda Yang. Timothy Procter Ruh. Milwaukee County Park Commission.. Shaker Community.C. James S. Walter Rebmann. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Swanson. Mrs. Kingwood Center. L. Eloise andJo Ray. Mrs. Mrs... Booker Worthen. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Jean Ruh. Atlanta. Mrs. Mich. Ga. Architect. Inc. Ohio. Matthew Miksch House. Edmund G. Harper. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Plain Dealer Photo. Lansing. Semple.. Ann Arbor. University of Michigan. Nathan Sameth. Lawrence Schetky. Elbert Smith. L.. Ark. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Mrs.C. Pawtucket. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.. Western Reserve Herb Society. Eric Duke Scott. R. Milton C. Cleveland. and Mrs. Rose.H.Rady. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Weeks Brick House. Old Salem. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. James F. Talbot III. The Country Doctor Museum. Hancock. N. Mrs. Derthick. Mr.I.A. L.. Mass. Mansfield. Mrs. Michigan State University.

A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Y smalliana Agrimonia. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. A. barbadensis A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. C. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. A. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Narcissus triandrus. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. E. officinalis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Myrrhis odorata. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. azoricum. maritima L.

mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. acerifolium. F. Solanum aculeatissimum S. V. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. V. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. podagraria Asparagus A. Lamium album Viburnum. Monarda didyma Crataegus. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. melongena var. albula A. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. P. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. S. ludoviciana var. M. officinalis Populus. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. false Galium aristatum. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. P. lycopersicum. G. laevis Rhododendron . arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. officinalis. grandiflorus Melissa M.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. angustifolia. oleracea. vulgaris A. deltoides Campsis radicans. chrysantha Symphytum S. M. B. alpina 'Alba' A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. P. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. coronaria . Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Mertensia virginica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus.

wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. M. Italian D Daffodil M. ioensis Vaccinium. angustifolia. sativum R. B. M. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. macrocarpon. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. N. alpinum R. pseudonarcissus miniature N. alpinum R. maculatum G. verna. coronaria. V. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. C. V. B.

A. acetosa. crispus. R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. D. A. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. H. Sansevieria. obtusifolius Rumex R. R. Ferocactus latispinus. x superbum Hemerocallis. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. lilioasphodelus. C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. obtusifolius R. T officinale Bellis.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. frutescens C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. lilioasphodelus H. Chrysanthemum frutescens. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. triphyllum . Hosta H. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. rivieri.

Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Gnaphalium. ragusina. gymnocarpa. pungens Sambucus S. damascena. azoricum Nigella. N. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Antennaria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. C. Centaurea cineraria. N. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Helichrysum. N. Senecio cineraria. S. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . C. arvensis. Lychnis coronaria.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

I. Osmunda. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. A. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum.× germanica I. I. L. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. O. regalis Adiantum. carica Corylus C. P. versicolor.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. perenne . braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. usitatissimum L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. carica F.

× limoneum P. quercifolium P. Fumaria C. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. I. Pelargonium.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. lutea Allium sativum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × hortorum P. sylvatica Digitalis D. P. sativum var. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. lanata D. tuberosum A. neapolitanum A. odoratissimum P. × germanica Myosotis M. scorodoprasum A. sphaerocephalum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . purpurea D. grossularioides P radens P.

pratensis . × jatrophifolium P. A. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. tomentosum P. capitatum P. A. officinale Z. canadense. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. abrotanifolium P. T. quercifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P. × nervosum P. denticulatum P. graveolens P. chamaedrys T. glutinosum. P. crispum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. × citrosum P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. canadense T. Z. tomentosum P. T. Tragopogon. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P.

Oxalis deppei. nervosa V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. C. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Vitis monticola. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. V. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. M. torquata E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Lythrum. W. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. majalis Liriope. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sempervivum Lobelia L. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. triacanthos G. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Pulmonaria . Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. G. Ophiopogon L. L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. C. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus.

erecta T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. A. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. Malva. erecta T. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. tenuifolia T.blue M Mace. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. lucida . officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. alcea var. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. grandiflora M. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. Malva. erecta T. M. C. M. patula Calendula officinalis T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. pedatum Hibiscus.

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requienii M. piperita var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. suaveolens 'Variegata' . R.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. A. × piperita var. citrata M. × piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium. vulgare O. citrata M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Astrantia. suaveolens M. majorana O. major. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. aquatica var. crispii M. majorana O. S. vulgare 'Aureum' O. dictamnus O. citrata. Spiraea alba. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. onites O. citrata M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. vulgare O.

arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . M. communis. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. rubra M. Myrrhis odorata. × gentilis M. Azolla caroliniana. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Umbellularia californica. A. V. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. V. alba Verbascum. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. lactiflora Morus M. thapsus V. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. vulgaris A. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Myrtus. olympicum.

opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. majus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T. nudum. album L. minus T. V. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. P. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N.

C. fragrans Allium. vulgare var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Castilleja californica. O. Scilla verna. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. I. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. hortensis A. Proliferum Group A. A. cepa. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fistulosum Atriplex. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . fragrans O. fistulosum A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. florentina. S. telephium Iris × germanica var. cepa A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. A. cepa.

P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. A. patens. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. crispum var. P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulsatilla Passiflora P.

C. annuum. Chenopodium. C. annuum. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. paniculata P. roseus C. Grossum Group C. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. annuum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. frutescens C. Piper C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. retroflexus. annuum. Longum Group C. C. A. C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. P frutescens Catharanthus. album Ranunculus ficaria . frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. C. Conoides Group Capsicum.

× paradisiaca. umbellata var. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. americana . gratianopolitanus D. alpinus D. umbellata var. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. watsonii P maritima P. P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Prunus japonica. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. C. caryophyllus D. M. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. P salicina P angustifolia. angustifolia var. plumarius. C. officinalis Dianthus D. Silene laciniata. Plantago P. taeda Chimaphila. plumarius D. taeda P. nigra P strobus P taeda P.

Liriodendron tulipifera P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . carnea Phytolacca americana P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. S. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. biennis P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. 0. rhoeas P. balsamifera P. E. L. vulgare Lithospermum.

rhabarbarum R. Diplotaxis. sativum var. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. P. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. Hesperis . C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. canadensis C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. A. R. pepo C. coccineum C. C. pepo Portulaca.

Rubus coronarius R. R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. centifolia R. sativa Rosa R. × harisonii R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. × borboniana R. gallica R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. damascena 'Bifera' R. damascena R. × borboniana Kerria. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rosa chinensis R. × borboniana R. moschata . roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. laevigata R. canina R. banksiae R. canina. chinensis 'Minima' R. spinosissima R.

sclarea S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. R. officinalis S. caerula. pitcheri S. setigera R. guaranitica S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. greggii S.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Salvia hierosolymitana . × rehderana R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. officinalis Limonium R. S. azurea subsp. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. microphylla S. rugosa R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. angustissimus R. clevelandii S. Rosmarinus.

T. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. C. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. guaranitica S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. viridis S. Salicornia. S. maritimum E. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. marilandica Amelanchier . P. S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. chamaecyparissus S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. chamaecyparissus S. leucophylla S. hebecarpa. leucantha S. virens. S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. A. elegans S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. neapolitana S. montana Scabiosa S.

A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .

Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. biflorum . Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. nivalis Lamium album. coggygria C. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. coggygria Cotinus. V. americana. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. G. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. C. P. C. coggygria.

false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. O. E. O. patulum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. H.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. officinalis thyme-leaved V. H. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. S. acetosa.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. japonica Sorbaria. scutatus R. crassipes O. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. pyrenaicum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. R. L. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. V. Ornithogalum arabicum. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach.

pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. O. T vulgare T. O. vesca F. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. vulgare var. floridus Philadelphus . Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vesca F. vulgare var. incana M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. C. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. dracunculus var. chiloensis F. crispum T. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. M. incana M. perennis.

sativus Cirsium Cnicus. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Silybum marianum S. C.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum S. × citriodorus T. pallasianus T. benedictus. T. E. 'Argenteus' T. laevigata Eupatorium. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. A. arcticus T. maritima Thymus. praecox subsp. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. praecox T. sylvestris D. phaenopyrum C. 'Clear Gold' T. marianum S. 'Broad-leaf English' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T.

flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. sanctum Tulipa T. P. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. C. P. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . praecox subsp. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. alata Lycopersicon. lycopersicum var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. cerasiforme. I. lycopersicum L. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. peruviana P. Coreopsis Linaria. L. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. noli-tangere. sanctum O. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. pruinosa. radicans Bignonia capreolata. lycopersicum var.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Physalis peruviana L.

cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. cornuta 'Alba' V. C. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. canina. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Chimaphila. odorata V. odorata V. caprea .Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. P. V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. C. longifolia Chamaelaucium. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. caeruleum Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S.

pontica. frigida A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. nudum Isatis I. Gaultheria procumbens. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. I. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. caprea. Corydalis sempervirens A. absinthium A. Vanilla barbellata A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. gmelinii A. V. ambrosioides Artemisia. camphorata A. Stachys . Chenopodium ambrosioides C. verticillata Chimaphila. annua A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. S. W. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S.

ageratum A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. lutea. X. vomitoria I. I. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . filipendulina A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. millefolium A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. simplicissima Cladrastis. taygetea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. × media 'Hicksii' T. C.

h. nose-bleed. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. millefolium A. maidenhair American maidenhair. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . taygetea A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. napellus Acorus A. lion's tail anise hyssop. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. fragrant g. alpinus Aconitum A. cana A.. blue giant hyssop. parlor m. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. maidenhair fern. calamus Adiantum A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. theophrasti Acacia A. breviflora A. sanguinary. fennel g. thousand-seal. monkshood helmut flower. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. longifolia Achillea A. Indian mallow.. ageratum A. h. Indian mallow China jute. fourcroydes sweet flag. calamus maidenhair fern. pedatum Agastache A. foeniculum Agave A. yarrow sneezeweed.. monkshood flowering maple. five-finger f. butter-print.

serpent garlic chive. Pulchellum A. fistulosum A. ciboule. scorodoprasum A. garlic rocambole. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. sisal hemp.. christophii A.A.. eupatoria Agrostemma A. Japanese bunching o. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. flavum A. flowering o. hemp plant agrimony. senescens var. cive. schnittlauch giant garlic . sisalana Agrimonia A. alpina A. purple c. ophioscorodon A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. moly A. vulgaris Allium A. ostrowskianum A. schoenoprasum A. two-bladed o... karataviense A. rosea Alchemilla A. cocklebur. githago Ajuga A. sativum var. tree o. Spanish o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. reptans Alcea A. giganteum A. neapolitanum A. sativum A. Rosenbachianum A. lily leek daffodil garlic.

shadbush. medicinal a. tinctoria Anthriscus A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. garlic c. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. blanda A.. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. Barbados a.glaucum A. white m. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. pulsatilla Anethum A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. marschalliana A. canadensis Amsonia A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. triphylla Althaea A. hupehensis var.. barbadensis Aloysia A. juneberry. shad. japonica A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel.. Oriental garlic . tuberosum Aloe A. archangel. bugloss windflower. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. caudatus Amelanchier A. officinalis Anemone A. bugloss alkanet. sphaerocephalum A. officinalis Amaranthus A. Curasao a. cerefolium chervil angelica. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. officinarum Anchusa A.

vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. graveolens A. chrysantha A. graveolens var.Apium A. alpina 'Alba' A. European crowfoot bearberry. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > .

common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. Ludoviciana var. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. triphyllum subsp. kinnikinick. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. pontica A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . old man southernwood absinthe. europaeum A. camphorata A. stewardsonii Armeria A. pink or white horseradish. annua A. triphyllum A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. dracunculus var. mountain box.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. bear's grape. lactiflora A. frigida A. sea pink thrift. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. sativa A. arborescens A. gmelinii A. rusticana Artemisia A. mugwort. wormwood southernwood. canadense A. albula A. sandberry. virginicum bearberry. red cole sagebrush. maritima Armoracia A. mealberry. hog cranberry. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. creashak green-dragon. asarabacca wild ginger. dracontium A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A.

tuberroot. papyrifera Boehmeria B. vulgaris Bellis B. plains f. australis B. saltbush orach. piprage beet swiss chard. silkweed. orach sea orach. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. wild indigo blue false indigo. mustard . daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. talewort. c. ruby s. tuberosa Asparagus A. garden o. rocket.. i. wild indigo. B. nivea Borago B. ruby s. c. s. vulgaris Beta milkweed.. vulgaris.Asclepias A. perennis Berberis B. upland cress winter cress. Chinese silk plant. wild blue i. halimus A. cool-tankard cole. tinctoria Barbarea B. c. butterfly flower butterfly weed. s. officinalis Astrantia A. rattleweed winter cress. hortensis B Baptista B. jaundice berry. China grass borage borage. yellow r. pleurisy root. c. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. mountain spinach false indigo. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. major Atriplex A.

sempervirens B. eruca B. koreana B. pineapple s.. strawberry s. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. carpatica C. microphylla 'Nana' B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. grandiflora Calendula C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. officinalis Calycanthus C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. white-flowered k. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla var. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. floridus Campanula C..

red p. C. s. chili p.... p. < previous page page_147 next page > ..C. s. crown plant trumpet creeper. trumpet flower. rapunculus Campsis C. p. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. o. sweet pepper. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. p. bell p. p. o. green p. p. p. p. persicifolia C. cow-itch. o. pimento sweet pepper s. p. o. s. trumpet vine. green p. o. o. o. p. o. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper.

bastard s.. red p... senna. shellbark h. Russian c. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C.. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. deodara Celosia C. nobile Chelidonium C. capsicum p. cristata Cercis C. Tabasco p. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. tinctorius Carum C. frutescens Carthamus C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. illinoinensis C. ovata Cassia C.. garden c. marilandica Catharanthus C. canariensis Cedrus C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. chili p. Madagascar periwinkle. carvi Carya C.. majus Chelone cayenne p. celandine celandine turtlehead. false saffron. snakehead . Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Tabasco-sauce p.

leather flower. × superbum Cichorium C. mint geranium. barbe-de-capuchin. lutea Clematis C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.. ladanifer Citrus C. Robert Brydon' C.. red-leaved chicory bugbane. glabra Chenopodium C. frutescens C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C.. virgin's bower. old-man's-beard costmary. parthenium C. botrys Chimaphila C. balsamita C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. cinerariifolium C. fat hen ambrosia. ambrosioides C. dwarf 1. wintergreen. wax flower. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. alecost pyrethrum. coccineum C.C. feather geranium. bonus-henricus C. Dalmatia p. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. wormseed. intybus Cimicifuga C. virgilia virgin's bower. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa.. leucanthemum C. leather flower. Meyer 1. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. Chinese dwarf 1. rattletop black cohosh. Spanish t. crispus C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. umbellata Chionanthus C. American w. pyrethum. devil's-darning- . virginicus Chrysanthemum C. pigweed Mexican tea. racemosa Cistus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. × jouiniana 'Mrs.

laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. orientalis Convallaria C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . coggygria Cotoneaster C. apiculatus Crataegus C. smokebush. ambigua C. avellana Cotinus C. majalis Convolvulus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. thorn apple. cneorum Coptis C. benedictus Coix C. Chinese parsley dogwood. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. sativum Cornus C. quick-set. Venetian sumac.. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. peregrina Consolida C. smoke plant.needle Cnicus C. thorn. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. florida Corylus C. smokebush smoke tree. red haw hawthorn English h. trifolia Coreopsis C. autumnale Comptonia C. laevigata C. arkansana C.

oblonga Cymbopogon C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. tomasinianus Cupressus C. angustifolius C. maritimum Crocus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. citratus Cytisus C. sempervirens Cydonia C. gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C.. sieberi C. scoparius C.. × allwoodii D.C. West Indian 1. sativus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . speciosus 'Albus' C. kotschyanus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.

burning bush. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . carnation. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. sylvestris Doronicum D. lanata D. grandiflora D. sativus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. gas plant. × imbricata Echium clove pink.

poppy eucalypt. Japanese medlar. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. b. japonica Eryngium E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. perfoliatum E. viridis Epimedium E. ironbark. rugosum v. arvense E. sea eryngo California poppy C. epimedium barrenwort. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset.E.. gum tree. plum eryngo sea holly. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. S. jacinth. pungens Eleocharis E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. torquata Euonymus E. hyemale Eranthis E. blueweed. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. Australian gum. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. J. dulcis Endymion E. sea holm. maritimum Eschscholzia E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. californica Eucalyptus E.

carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.s.s. chiloensis F. vulgare F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. cyparissias F Ferula F. ulmaria F.Euphorbia E. vulgaris Foeniculum F. a. assafoetida Ficus F. major Fragaria F.s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. sow-teat s. alpine s. vulgare F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare var. finocchio. a. a. vulgare subsp. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.

sempervirens evening trumpet flower. ground ivy. woodwaxen. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. maculatum G. woodroof yellow bedstraw.. robertianum Glechoma G. nivalis Galium G. mollugo G. Carolina yellow j. gardenia. sweet w. runaway robin. Carolina jasmine G.. hederacea Gleditsia G. dyer's greenweed.. our-lady's-b. triacanthos Gossypium G. field balm. Carolina jessamine Genista G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. tinctoria Geranium G.F. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. mock p. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. alumroot herb Robert.. Capejasmine wintergreen. spotted c. vernalis H. false baby's-breath woodruff. verum Gardenia G. honey locust. red Robin . hexapetala G Galanthus G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. virginiana Hedeoma H. jasminoides Gaultheria G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. cleavers white bedstraw. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. teaberry. checkerberry. pulegioides American pennyroyal. mountain tea. wild c. odoratum G.. germanica G.

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× luteola Herniaria H. rose m. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. bimli j. matronalis Hibiscus H. Deccan h. atrorubens H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. bastard jute. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. cannabinus H. turnsole heliotrope. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. China rose. blacking plant plantain lily. mallow. glabra Hesperis H. sweet r. arborescens Helleborus H.... licorice plant heliotrope.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. bimlipatum j. giant m. daylily . petiolatum Heliotropium H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. niger H. corsicus H. flavescens Helenium H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. Hawaiian h... foetidus H.. Chinese hibiscus. lilioasphodelus H. hibiscus kenaf. curry plant false licorice. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. lemon d. rose-of-China.. Indian hemp. lividus subsp. Deckaner h. garland 1. angustifolium H. orientalis Hemerocallis H.

candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. European h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. patulum 'Sungold' H.H. asiatica Hypericum H.-John's-wort St. white h.-John's-wort St. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. perforatum Hyssopus H. orangeroot. box-leaved h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. rose h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. horned h. I. crenata var.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. navelwort gotu kola St. . undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. lupulus Hydrangea H.. Burford's holly Japanese holly. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. box-leaved h.

'Great Lakes' I.. water f. African corn lily corn lily orris. tinctoria Ixia I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. alba Iris I. touch-me-not jewelweed. × germanica var. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .I. snapweed. opaca I. tinctoria Inula I. chinensis var. cristata I. capensis Indigofera I. pseudacorus Isatis I. glabra I. crested dwarf i. spotted t. jewelweed.. J. vomitoria 'Nana' I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. officinale Juniperus J. virginiana red cedar jasmine. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. crested i. florentina I. woad dyer's woad. maculata J Jasminum J. horizontalis creeping j. wilsonii Impatiens I. helenium Ipomoea I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag.. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. yellow flag. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J.

album L. paradise p. plume plant. angustifolia subsp. king'scrown L Lactuca L. indica Lamium L. nobilis Lavandula L. dentata L. angustifolia L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. n. plume flower. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. dentata var.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. flamingo p. maculatum L... brandegeana shrimp plant J. dumb nettle.Justicia water willow J. n.. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. white d. carnea Brazilian-plume. bay. d. sweet bay laurel. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce .

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

statice statice toadflax spicebush. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. usitatissimum Liriope L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. muscari Lobelia L. pepperwort. leonurus Leontopodium L. marsh rosemary. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. chalcedonicum Limonium L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. summer s. benzoin Linum L. lovage privet. candidum L. aestivum Levisticum L. perenne L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. hedge plant privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. blue cardinal flower . sativum Leucojum L. officinale Ligustrum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia..

gypsywort..L. annua Lychnis L. satin flower honesty. silver-dollar. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. stellata M. catchfly mullein pink. sempervirens Lunaria L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. honesty. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. penny f. coral h. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. campion. lycopersicum var. maritima L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. grandiflora M. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. money plant. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . virginiana sweet alyssum. moonwort. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. coronaria L. europaeus Lysimachia L. lycopersicum var. coronaria 'Alba' L. flava L. vulgaris Lythrum L. cordata Magnolia M.

wild crab crab apple crab mallow. Oregon g. holly barberry. angustifolia M. American crab.. bluebells. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. × piperita M. × gentilis M. horsemint . alcea var. 'Guiding Star' M. curly m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint.Mahonia M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. bee b. cowslip. sweet b. lungwort bluebells. officinalis Mentha M.. aquatica M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. Virginia c. apple m. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. white h.. stock stock. holly g. incanum M.. pineapple m. pulegium M. blue barberry apple. requienii M. longifolia M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. gillyflower.. citrata M.. Brampton stock. bergamot m. fastigiata Marrubium M. b.. Virginia b. Scotch m. mountain g. musk m. vulgare Matthiola M. × piperita var. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. hupehensis Malva M. 'Eau de Cologne' M. menthella. holly mahonia... incana Melissa M. pennyroyal Corsican m. imperial stock balm lemon b. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. lemon m. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M.

Greek myrtle. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. sylvatica Myrica M. textilis Myosotis M. swamp c. Oswego tea. menthifolia M. fistulosa M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. white bee balm pink b. Swedish m. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . b. citriodora M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. anise. pink b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle.M.. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. sweet cicely. banana abaca. b. odorata Myrtus M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. myrrh. white b. punctata Montia M. winter purslane. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. red m. b. American m. fistulosa var. candleberry.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

nepalensis P. hardy orange poplar. cowslip self-heal self-heal. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. sand p. lungwort blue 1. tacamahac cinquefoil. hog-pasture b.. heal-all. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . elatior P. trifoliata Populus P. pensylvanica P.. Jerusalem sage. five-finger shrubby c. brake. angustifolia P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. golden hardhack. persica Pteridium P. widdy shrubby c.Poncirus P. maritima P. granatum Pyrus P. pasture b. brake bracken. balsam p. domestica P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. veris Prunella P. Americana P. all-heal salad burnet. hackmatack. Jerusalem cowslip white p. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. vulgaris Prunus P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. aspen.. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange.

sativum Rosa R. China r. fairy r. brier Banksia r..Quercus Q. rose. pilewort mignonette weld. typhina Ribes R. dog b. stellata R Ranunculus R. chinensis 'Minima' R. York-and-Lancaster r.. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. banksiae R. gallica damask r.. autumn damask r.. cabbage r. mountain c. pie plant. purshiana Rheum R. gooseberry alpine c. luteola Rhamnus R. × borboniana R. moss r.. canina R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. ficaria Reseda R. small c. sweetbrier French r. garden c. pygmy r. moss r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. 'Cinderella' R. red currant. eglanteria R. alpinum R. crowfoot lesser celandine. Bourbon r. . eglantine. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. dog r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. brier r. garden r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R.

French sorrel rue . chinquapin r. 'Schneezwerg' R.. bitter d. rosemary pine-scented r. acetosa R. obtusifolius R. chestnut r. × rehderana R. golden p. Japanese r. Harison's yellow r. r. wichuraiana R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. hirta Rumex R. roxburghii R. rugosa R. snowdwarf memorial r.. musk r. laevigata R. setigera R. Scotch r. angustissimus R. climbing r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. sorrel. Cherokee r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R.'Officinalis' R. dock s. garden sorrel broad dock. polyantha r.. climbing r.. prostrate rosemary. prairie r. burnet r. Turkestan r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. × harisonii R. tinctorum Rubus R. madder bramble blackberry. spinosissima R. moschata R. rosemary white r.

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gray sage. argentea S. sclarea S. s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. leucantha S. canadensis willow. garden s. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. variegated garden s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. golden g. involucrata S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. osier goat willow. Mexican bush s. pussy willow sage. greggii S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. purple variegated garden s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. bloodroot rue . American e. elegans S. viridis Sambucus S. bloodroot red puccoon. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. purple g. guaranitica S. clary annual clary elder. elderberry American e. leucophylla S. caerula S. caprea Salvia S. clevelandii S. microphylla S.

melongena var. canadensis Sansevieria S. mad apple . esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. atropurpurea Sedum S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. jasminoides S. officinalis Sassafras S. good-luck plant. pincushion flower pincushions. St. hen-and-chickens. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. albidum Satureja S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. marianum Sium S. mourning-bride stonecrop. trifasciata Santolina S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. blessed t.. morganianum S.. neapolitana S. tectorum Silybum S. milk t. pinnata S. devil's tongue. live-forever houseleek. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S.. virens Saponaria S.Sanguisorba S. skirret potato vine eggplant. sweet s. Mary's t.. roof h. live-forever houseleek. sisarum Solanum S. hemp plant snake plant. hortensis S. telephium Sempervivum S. lucky plant. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.

woundwort lamb's-ears. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. erecta marigold African m. sorbifolia Sorbus S. lutea Stokesia S. patula melongene. hedge nettle. Aztec m. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. lilac . lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. byzantina S. laevis Symphytum S. reticulata var. officinale S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. americana Stachys S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. californica Sorbaria S.. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. officinale Syringa S. vulgaris 'Addie V.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. laciniata Persian lilac S.. big m. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. × persica var. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. grandiflora S.

patula 'Petite Yellow' T. upright y.. wood sage germander dwarf. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. carnosus T. dense y. vulgare T. filifolia T. crispum Taraxacum T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. procumbent g.T. 'Argenteus' T. officinale Taxus T. lucida T.. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. tansy tansy. vulgare var. culinary golden lemon t. yew conical y. lemon t. sweet mace French m. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. . marum Thuja T.. columnar y. dwarf m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. canadense T. germander American g. signet m. fruticans T. occidentalis Thymus T.

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odorus t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. wishbone flower. pallasianus T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. creeping t. crimson c. praecox subsp. doerfleri T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. t. t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. herba-barona T. red c. confederatej. nitidus T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. zygis Torenia T. richardii subsp. .. praecox T. lemon t. lanatum Trifolium T. leucotrichus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. caraway t. glabrescens T.. not culinary French t. pratensis Trichostema T. nummularius T. serpyllum T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. woolly thyme creeping t.

tawny orange t. Indian cress dwarf n. speedwell. blattaria V. pale yellow Darwin t. 'Blizzard' T. nettle stinging n. dioica V Vaccinium V.Tropaeolum T. velvet p. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. flannel plant. officinalis V. . squill. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. huckleberry. canadensis Tulipa T. thapsus Veronica V. kaufmanniana T. maritima Urtica U. olympicum V. mullein mullein. early. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. majus T. farfara U Urginea U. laevifolium Valeriana V. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. red s. angustifolium var. tall n. serpyllifolia nasturtium. 'General de Wet' T. tarda T. minus Tsuga T. species t. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. bitter Indian garden n.. 'Sweet Harmony' T. clusiana T.. officinalis Verbascum V. cranberry. blueberry. water-lily t.

withe-rod vetiver. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. sheepberry. ladies-delight.. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. possum haw .. × wittrockiana Vitis V.. running m. nannyberry. cassinoides V. acerifolium V. zizanioides Viburnum V. violet dog violet horned v. lutea 'Splendens' V. heartsease. odorata V. canina V. minor Viola V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie.Vetiveria V. arrowwood. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. prunifolium Vinca V. heartsease pansy. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. sweet h. carlesii V. myrtle. khus-khus. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. lesser p. maple-leaved viburnum. tricolor V.

Canton g.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Adam's-needle. officinale ginger true ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger.

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