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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
The turning point came when. with sparkling enthusiasm. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. and the publisher. It needs no sequel. Their energy and charm caught me up. for they had no model and no guide. bereft of hope. responded with delight. punching. especially poetry. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. whether all their labor was to no avail. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. alterations. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Then. and record every detailall of the failures. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Ginny had done some writing. successes. pushing. With false starts and honest stops. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. wheedling. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. more of them exist to serve as examples. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. This was not to be. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Again they revised. build it. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. carefully chosen. This they did. and the experience provided the final section of the book. and I have had the pleasure of advising. seven years ago. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles.
. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. while others were prepared by landscape designers. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. historical interest. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. specialty. Likewise. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. degree of maintenance required. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. A range of essential factors is considered herein. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. and these are capitalizedfor example. we completed a test garden. Some of these were created by landscape architects. the authors. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Italics are always used for botanical names. although countless common names exist. English thyme. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. Not all plants used are herbs. and educational purpose. 1969 and 1980. by their owners. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. To achieve this. or by contributors. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. rather. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. former generic names.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. without accompanying commentary. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. The herb garden designs alone. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. We. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada.
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Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. librarian. Richard T. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. has given us valuable information. Derthick. have also been of assistance. She has served. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. FAITH H. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Susan Frugé. has been especially helpful over the years. Keebler and the late Everest P. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. His assistant. Isaacson.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Betty Rea. Special thanks are due James C. which made possible the completion of our text. Nell Neff. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. always encouraging us to stay with our project. and Rexford Talbert. president. too. as expediter and typist. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Alexander Apanius. Rady.. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. M. Weatherhead. Lee Buss. Trudi Bela. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Genevieve Jyurovat. A lecturer on herbs. Swanson and Robert B. The late Raymond C. Recognition is due Robert B. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book.D. Wanda Ritchie. Finally. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Jo Lohmolder. and Elizabeth Bryce. former director of same. Herbert J. Eleanor Gambee. We are grateful to many. and Joanna Reed. and August Frugé. Alice Skelsey. and the horticulturist. former managing editors. past presidents.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
have foliage that changes color with the seasons. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. As Henry Beston reflects. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. "Not difficult to plan. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. new plants. fences. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and decisions must not be left to chance. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. not at all difficult to maintain. partially excavated area. As one constantly reinforces the other. In order to create a fine garden design. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. and hedges will have been located. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind." A good design does not "happen. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. some of which are evergreen. lay out a plan of the property. new ways of seeing. Its interest is independent of flowers. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. If no . Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. temples of worship. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. Perennial herbs. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. or an abandoned. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. a front dooryard. and structures. to increase the value of the property." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. the north point will have been indicated. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last.
and hedges.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. fences. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > .
one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. other significant structures. Next. Here. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. The object is to . too. too. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. to locate the house. such as the one illustrated here. and the driveway.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. will give the lot or acreage measurements. In the absence of a survey map. measure to locate the house. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. but with all needed information. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. measurements are in engineer's scale. In this example. A deed description.
driveway. lines at an angle. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. enclosures. < previous page page_3 next page > . and parallel lines. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. The tools needed for drawing are few. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. shrubs. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. The smaller the scale. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. triangleof inexpensive plastic. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. and unusual land features noted. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. paths.
few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. yew. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. and stone. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. old smokehouse. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. However. and hedges of hemlock. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. bayberry." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. Upkeep. In the absence of a structure. A toolhouse. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. brick.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. One basic rule is the higher the wall. In the designs that follow. greenhouse. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. gazebo. In some cases. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. and holly. garage. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. or summer kitchen is ideal. With the plan on paper. iron.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
When used with a hedge. railroad ties. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. . For example.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. If desired. for reinforcing the design. In some climates. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Whatever the reason. yew. Generally. such as bayberry. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. holly. Stained. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. they can be made to order. Equally important is proportion. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. box. too. landscape timbers. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. used for dry wall or masonry construction. When this reinforcement is understated. and their styles are countless. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. bricks. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. At first. Stone. or. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Allow adequate room within the row. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. cut stones. Styles are legion. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. whether it will be rocks. for example. painted. elegant box. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. and rosemary. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. annual painting is a necessity. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Where air circulation is much needed. Lower cost is an advantage. it will seem too sparsely planted. or natural. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. as an example. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Gates are part of the enclosure. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. the garden design is most attractive. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. gray surfaces are found. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. some deciduous and some evergreen. as in outdoor room dividers. however. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Brick is the all-time favorite material. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. deeply evergreen. If used. or pressure-treated lumber. but the results will confirm this course. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. so give them much thought. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Rosemary. if wood is the material of choice. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal.
If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.Steps When constructing steps. Conversely. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . there is a necessary.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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too. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. appearance. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. It is a general rule that the less the riser. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. If groups are walking through. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. . Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Access paths. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. but should be compatible with. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Paths must be ample. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. rosy pink. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. because they are just that. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. making the design more evident. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. however. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. and maintenance. cost. for example. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Choose the path material equally for comfort. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Step materials need not be the same as. There are. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. the greater the tread. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. or red. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. their use no less than comfortable. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. The colors are various: terracotta.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.
too. With these recommendations in mind. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. a soft-lead pencil in hand. shad Malus coronaria. shrubs. This. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . bark or pine needles can be used. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. and many good references are available. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. prepare a planting plan for each. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. is an enjoyable experience. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. or trees to be considered. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. heather Chaenomeles speciosa.) To avoid having a slippery surface. a result being hazardous footing. When they mature. serviceberry. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. They are easily renewed as they break down. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. If the garden is made up of separate beds. they should not shade the herbs too much.
a focal point is customarily used. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. such as the one illustrated here. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. one-half inch equals one foot. however. or whatever is best in your case. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . It needs. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. noting well their growth habits. Do use a soft-lead pencil. it is easily read and easily erased. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Artifacts As with other gardens. for example. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Often this center of interest is a sundial. 'Mount Hood daff. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. lemon thyme. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. for example. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. too. Sept. whether they are invasive or tall growing. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image.
a niche of its own should be created. < previous page page_9 next page > . If a statue less than life-size is used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. the height of a fence to the house. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. Again. It is then in scale with its frame. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. However. a stylized drawing of an ovary. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. For easy reference. Except for two. with one basic rule always needing to be observed.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. that of good proportion. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. the designs have a decorative north point. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
sweet 25. rose 24. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. A. With color and texture considered for contrast.Ocimum basilicum.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium graveolens. bee balm 13. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. 21. or other structure.Satureja montana.Viola tricolor. lemon balm . lovage 17. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 5. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 22. fennel 2.Allium 11. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 16. 6.S. salad burnet 12. arcticus 27. Landscape Architect. 1. 26. Foeniculum vulgare.Lobularia maritima. 7. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.A. dill cerasiforme. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana.L.Lavandula savory angustifolia. The rules of symmetry are observed. The first number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 15. 14. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. a fence.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Lavenders accent the front corners.Satureja hortensis.Melissa officinalis. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Galium odoratum. 4. which is used here in relation to a garage. sativa. summer 23. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 3.
Chrysanthemum balsamita. leek 9.Salvia officinalis.Petroselinum crispum var. dwarf garden 20. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. 19. curly parsley 10. Pelargonium × limoneum. Greek 28.Origanum heracleoticum.8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. costmary 'Albus'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. chive 18. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Porrum Group.
French tarragon 2. 17. . white 20. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. summer 10.Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil 3.Foeniculum vulgare. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Allium schoenoprasum.Monarda didyma.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Satureja hortensis. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. 1. 12. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 11.Aloysia triphylla. 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. rose 19. lemon verbena 21.Artemisia dracunculus var. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. curly parsley sativa. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. perhaps overgrown with weeds. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Lavandula angustifolia. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. fennel English lavender geranium 4. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. Petroselinum crispum var. 9.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium tomentosum. 13. as was done here. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.
Origanum majorana.Heliotropium arborescens.salad burnet 6.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 16.Thymus × citriodorus. 14.Rosa eglanteria. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Galium odoratum. English thyme dill 8. eglantine 23. English'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.
spearmint 16. and the plan could be used at a front door. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. 9. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. sativa. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Petroselinum crispum. still observing a scale. parsley 5. Origanum majorana. Even in limited space.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet marjoram 3. Origanum heracleoticum. 7. lemon thyme 10.S. making the beds larger and the paths wider. however.Taxus cuspidata. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Then the design might need to be expanded. English thyme Greek oregano 4. dill 2. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. The number in each planting area is the key number. A.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Mentha spicata. summer savory 11. however. . The image would soon give way to other considerations. The garden is conveniently located. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Salvia officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. lovage 15.Levisticum officinale.Satureja hortensis.Thymus × citriodorus.A.L. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. salad burnet 14. Japanese yew 17. garden sage 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chionanthus virginicus. 13. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.
nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > . sweet basil chive 12.Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum.6.
summer 21. 32. blue lungwort 26.Pulmonaria officinalis.Stachys byzantina. bee balm 14. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys.Asarum canadense. Christmas fern 5. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Allium ampeloprasum. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. cinnamon fern 4. fraxinella 15. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 7.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Polystichum acrostichoides. This is an intimate garden. Jacob's-ladder 3. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. the challenge is obvious.Thymus × citriodorus. Dictamnus albus. 1. 33. The long.Digitalis grandiflora. 18. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Osmunda cinnamomea. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 30.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Primula vulgaris. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Convallaria majalis. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Humulus lupulus. fennel 19. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. A.Polemonium reptans. yellow 29. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. salad 20. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Viola odorata. 6. sweet violet 16. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. Landscape Architect. leek Foeniculum vulgare. Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 17. 8. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. wild ginger 27. The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.L. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.A. hop sativa.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . 9.S. lavender marjoram 2. 31. lemon thyme 28. 13.
Tsuga canadensis.Korean box 11.Buxus microphylla var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. French thyme woodruff koreana. winter savory 24. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Galium verum. crispum. 35.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Satureja montana.savory germander Willmott'. Canada hemlock Standard'.Galium odoratum.lilac 10. yellow bedstraw 23.Sorbus americana. French'.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley mountain ash 12. sweet 34.
devoted to a "yearly surprise. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.Petroselinum crispum var. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. geometric design." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. Italian parsley .Aloysia triphylla. It is a pleasing. Surprisingly. dill 10. One of the beds.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. this design can be an inspiration. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. lemon verbena 2.Salvia officinalis. 19.Origanum heracleoticum. neapolitanum. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. it became part of the patio. garden sage 20. 1. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Even so.Rumex scutatus.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. To be placed near the kitchen.
salad 15. basil sativa. garlic chive 26. lemon basil 9. lemon balm cicely 6. winter savory 24.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium schoenoprasum.Poterium sanguisorba. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Melissa officinalis. sweet 14.Origanum majorana. sweet 13. crispum.Satureja hortensis.Borago officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum 12. chive 25. curly parsley 22.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. purple basil 4.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. Alpine strawberry 7.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Satureja montana. sweet 18.Myrrhis odorata.Ocimum basilicum.17.Anthriscus cerefolium. 16. summer savory 23.3. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. English thyme bush basil 8. chervil marjoram 21.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. borage 'Purpurascens'.
winter 21. English lavender 10. rosemary 3. 19. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Thymus × citriodorus. Created in an orderly way.Pelargonium in variety. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. sweet 13. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Santolina virens. The center beds here were established in this way. purple basil 4. To increase the planting area. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. blue 22. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. scented-leaf geranium 2. gray .Stachys byzantina. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. As a whole. the work paths could be eliminated.Satureja montana. too. 1.C. green santolina 12. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. so.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. geometric design. it is full of interesting angles.Galium odoratum.Rosmarinus officinalis. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. it is an unusual. 14. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. sweet cicely 23. D. lamb's-ears 20.
silver mound artemisia 18.Teucrium chamaedrys.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia camphorata. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . classic myrtle 9. horehound24.Myrtus communis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Dianthus caryophyllus.Salvia officinalis. germander 16. 25. clove pink 7.Artemisia abrotanum. American southernwood holly 17. French thyme santolina 15. camphor-scented wormwood 8.6.Ilex opaca.
Its arrow points north and. sweet basil 4. Ocimum basilicum. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Chamaemelum . purple basil 3. tansy 25.Borago officinalis.Melissa officinalis. blue hyssop 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. French tarragon 14.Tanacetum vulgare. which adds its impression of warmth. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.Satureja montana. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. too. borage 23. English lavender 6. 1. casts the shadow for the hour. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. absinthe 26. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Artemisia dracunculus var. Achillea millefolium. this herb garden is secluded. rosemary 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Calendula officinalis. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. sativa. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. winter savory 16.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sweet woodruff 5. Galium odoratum. arcticus 21.Hyssopus officinalis. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. pot marigold 24. Sometimes space is limited. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. gray santolina 13. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Artemisia absinthium. lemon balm 22. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Lavandula angustifolia. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Coix lacryma-jobi. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Job's tears 11. This center of interest is of particular note. yarrow 12.Thymus praecox subsp.
Salvia elegans. scented-leaf 27.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. sweet 29. marjoram pecan 10.Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium in variety. pineapplescented sage 9. costmary 'Albus'.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. garden sage 19.7.Origanum vulgare. chamomile 17. chive 18.Syringa. comfrey20. wild marjoram 28.Symphytum officinale. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Carya illinoinensis. variegated garden sage 8.
wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage 22. blue 23. When controlled in this way.Allium schoenoprasum. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 3. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. sweet 34.Apium graveolens. 5. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. The more invasive ones.Myrrhis odorata. 8. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Origanum majorana.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Salvia officinalis. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. garlic Levisticum officinale.Ipomoea alba. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 9.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. 29. rue 31. 18. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Satureja hortensis. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Ruta graveolens. chervil 15.Allium sativum.Melissa officinalis. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 19.Teucrium chamaedrys. sunken into the ground. 30. hyssop Meyer lemon . rose geranium 2. for example lemon balm and spearmint. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. 6. sweet cicely 37. French sorrel 21. dill 20.Galium odoratum. true ginger16. horehound 33. Anthriscus cerefolium. lemon balm 35. sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer 32. 36. 4. parsley 17. 7. 1.Marrubium vulgare. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium × limoneum. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Pelargonium graveolens. purple basil Zingiber officinale.
Magnolia virginiana. French thyme 24.Mentha spicata. lemon verbena 11. dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lemonthyme 28.Aloysia triphylla. salad burnet 25.Tropaeolum minus. Japanese yew 39. spearmint 27. Greek oregano 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme 26.Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil 14.Ocimum basilicum.10.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet basil 38.Origanum heracleoticum. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Thymus × citriodorus.
" may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. "Simplify. however. simplify!. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. < previous page page_22 next page > . the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. a quick way to ensure good drainage. whatever the reason.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. but.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
parsley 2. 1.Salvia officinalis. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. French tarragon 5.Mentha spicata. 18.Ocimum basilicum. lemon 22. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. spearmint 21.Lactuca sativa.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 15. aloe Grossum Group.The number in each planting area is the key number.Petroselinum crispum. tansy 11. 14.Origanum majorana. rue 20.Mentha x piperita. garden sage 3. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 16.Ruta graveolens.Allium fistulosum.Rosmarinus officinalis. peppermint 23.Capsicum frutescens. 26.Galium odoratum. summer basil savory 7.Hedeoma pulegioides. bell pepper 6. sweet 17.Impatiens capensis.Monarda didyma. jewelweed24.Thymus praecox subsp.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. arcticus.Aloe barbadensis.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia absinthium.Lindera benzoin.Satureja hortensis. lettuce 10.Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. 12. bee balm 19.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 25. dill 13. spicebush absinthe French'. balm sativa. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
Teucrium chamaedrys. 8.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. encloses this plan. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. horizontally laid bluestone. Russian 13. arcticus 14. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. A low wall of brick. French thyme 2. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Thymus praecox subsp. . too. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.Pelargonium in variety. germander 7. Perovskia abrotanoides. faced and capped with random.
angustifolia.Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 5. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Alchemilla vulgaris. witch hazel 18.-John'swort 17. lady's6. Thymus × citriodorus.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. lavender 3.Thymus praecox subsp. blue 11. St.Santolina neapolitana 4.Hyssopus officinalis.Campsis radicans.Viburnum cassinoides. trumpet vine 16.Hamamelis virginiana. crimson creeping thyme 9. lemon thyme 10. arcticus 'Albus'. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lemon balm hyssop 12.Melissa officinalis.
the shrubsyew. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. < previous page page_28 next page > . The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. Germander is a proper edging here. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Although this is not a large garden. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. holly. box. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. However. lilac. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. It is. however.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
blue horehound hyssop 3. alpine strawberry 8.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Syringa patula. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white creeping thyme 37. shrubby cinquefoil 46. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.20. dwarf box 41. santolina alpine pink 28. Marrubium vulgare. dwarf privet 48. red creeping thyme 10. lilac 45. sweet violet 19.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. Japanese holly 42.Artemisia ludoviciana var. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Santolina virens. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Borago officinalis. orris 38.Stachys byzantina. gray sage savory 14. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. 1.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. 12.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Teucrium chamaedrys. crimson creeping thyme 31. Myrrhis odorata. 32. 23.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Satureja montana. Simkins'. fringed wormwood 16.Myrtus communis. 18.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia frigida.Salvia sclarea.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. 26. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Eloise & Jo Ray. Viola odorata.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Japanese holly 47.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Thymus praecox subsp. white hyssop 4. Mentha requienii. cottage pink 2. green 27. arcticus 'Albus'. Japanese yew 44.Ruta graveolens. broom 40. 9. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. clary 30. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Heliotropium arborescens. florentina.Artemisia camphorata. Alchemilla vulgaris.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. winter 29. classic myrtle 15. mantle chamomile 5. rue 6.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. sweet cicely17. germander 36. 21. dwarf crested iris 39. sweet albula.Comptonia peregrina.Iris cristata. Thymus praecox subsp. columnal yew 43. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Iris × germanica var.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. woolly thyme 7.Anemone pulsatilla.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Chamaemelum nobile.Cytisus supinus. lady's. prostrate rosemary 13.Santolina pinnata 34.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus praecox subsp.Dictamnus albus. lavender 22.Salvia leucophylla. Corsican 24. fraxinella 33. lamb'sears 35.
and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The direction a path takes can add interest. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. and one has an inset for a garden seat. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This hedge. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. while adding to the enclosure of the area. Other paths are brick. an herb garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. < previous page page_30 next page > . This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. a cutting garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and a vegetable garden. a running bond pattern. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure.
A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. Landscape Architect. A. .L.
Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis. pale 28. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. blue 27. white 'Bouquet'.Digitalis grandiflora. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. Stokes' aster 31.Allium schoenoprasum.Galium odoratum.Stokesia laevis. clary 46. sweet marjoram 45. plantain lily 2. yellow 24. lemon 29.Ocimum basilicum 54. starsMaxima'. alpine strawberry 3. bush basil 41.The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 56.Limonium latifolium. blue iris 9.Ribes alpinum.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. verbena rose chive 11. yellow epimedium 15.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. green santolina 42. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Petroselinum crispum var.Magnolia virginiana.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. 14. 37. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. 22. germander 39.Allium christophii. French tarragon 8. blue hyssop 43.Santolina virens. statice Solemacher'. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . winter savory 44. summer 34. cottage pink French'. sativa. York-andLancaster rose 16. dill wishbone flower 5. yellow 35. 52.Stachys byzantina. 50. 47.Salvia sclarea. French thyme 7.Satureja montana.Satureja hortensis. lamb's-ears 49. 55. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. 32.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. candytuft Standard'.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Pelargonium in variety. Campanula persicifolia. Christmas 48. lemon thyme 40.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. Dictamnus albus.Hemerocallis × luteola. fraxinella 26.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Lilium candidum. Anethum graveolens 23. 1.Thymus × citriodorus.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet 51. Aquilegia chrysantha. columbine dwarf marigold 6. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Polystichum acrostichoides.Aloysia triphylla. helenium 4.Helleborus niger. lavender 18.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. Louise'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Achillea taygetea. 53. double white peony of-Persia 12.Teucrium chamaedrys. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.
it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. While serving as a soil retainer. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. < previous page page_32 next page > . a retaining wall or walls are needed. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. as in this case. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden.
dwarf lavender crested iris 5. The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Mentha spicata.A.Solanum pseudocapsicum. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum.Iris pseudacorus. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.A.45. bee balm 24. Borago officinalis.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Ocimum basilicum. lady's43.Viola odorata.Galium odoratum. sweet 23. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. F. Stachys byzantina. 42. lemon verbena 46. crispum. English 44.R. spearmint 41.Tanacetum vulgare var. Melissa officinalis. borage 26. 21.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 22.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. Monarda didyma. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. . lamb's25. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Iris cristata.Aloysia triphylla.
Salvia elegans.Origanum majorana. pink hawthorn 16. 52. garlic chive 48. salad burnet 10. leek 49. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja hortensis. garden sage 36. myrtle 58. curly mint 30. flowering dogwood 15.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. savory sativa. fennel 35.Ruta graveolens.Petroselinum crispum var.Anethum graveolens.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Mentha pulegium. orange mint 29. Poterium sanguisorba.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha × piperita var.Elaeagnus pungens. sweet marjoram 28. 37.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Marrubium vulgare.Dianthus caryophyllus. wild 39.Allium sativum. pineapple38. 40.Cornus florida. mullein chive 47. southernwood 31. rue 51. horehound neapolitanum. tabasco senna pepper 20.Salvia officinalis.Nepeta cataria. polyantha rose 12. rosemary 9.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Rosa × rehderana. Greek 53. curly parsley oak 17.Cassia marilandica.Allium ampeloprasum.Allium tuberosum.Artemisia absinthium. post crispum 'Banquet'.Origanum heracleoticum. Egyptian onion 11. Proliferum Group. Rosmarinus officinalis.Capsicum frutescens. 57. carpet bugleweed 8.Quercus stellata. pennyroyal 54. dill 34.Foeniculum vulgare. absinthe English thyme 27. summer 32.Allium cepa. Porrum Group. Ajuga reptans. catnip 50.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Artemisia abrotanum. 56.7. French tarragon holly 13. 33. clove 55. citrata.Vinca minor. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Crataegus arkansana.
mothproofing bags. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. However. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. Although this is a northeast exposure. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. sleep pillows. and vinegars. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. < previous page page_34 next page > . it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.
Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Satureja montana. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 18. southernwood 9. 'Monge'.Calendula officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. nutmeg geranium 39. lily leek 44. lilac 32. Santolina chamaecyparissus. balm valerian 15.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Levisticum officinale. lemon 31. purple basil sage 11.Allium sphaerocephalum.Hemerocallis.Aloysia triphylla.Allium cepa. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium moly. tansy 16. Artemisia pontica. Lactuca. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. Hallock'. anise hyssop 14. Egyptian onion 42. 21. English finger-bowl geranium 38. 'President Poincare'. florentina. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Thuja occidentalis. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Ocimum basilicum 27. 23. Proliferum Group.Rosmarinus officinalis. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Pelargonium × limoneum.Alchemilla vulgaris. peppermint geranium 40.Laurus nobilis. 24.Allium schoenoprasum. crispum. 50. lettuce in variety 25.Pelargonium fragrans.Tanacetum vulgare. Poterium sanguisorba. sativa. bee balm 30. winter 29.Salvia elegans. daylily in variety 41.Tropaeolum minus.Salvia oficinalis. garden sage 2. French tarragon 10.Pelargonium tomentosum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 49. chive 43. pot 28. 1. burnet lovage 6.Artemisia abrotanum. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. orris 17. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. salad 22. garden 'Purpurascens'.Allium pulchellum 47. Ruta graveolens.Mentha spicata. costmary 5.Melissa officinalis. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Roman 20.Valeriana officinalis.Salvia officinalis. dwarf nasturtium 37.Allium sativum var. lemon verbena 36.Galium odoratum.Artemisia dracunculus var. bay 48.Iris × germanica var. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Agastache foeniculum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hyssopus officinalis . lavender 7. Petroselinum crispum var. Thymus × citriodorus. round-headed garlic 46. 19.Tsuga canadensis.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. rue 26.Monarda didyma.Rumex scutatus. blue hyssop 35.The number in each planting area is the key number.
< previous page page_36 next page > . The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Invasive. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. A simple knot. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.
pineapplescented sage 47. Digitalis purpurea. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. salad burnet 23.Salvia elegans. foxglove 4. French tarragon 44. thyme 3. dwarf winter savory 2. white thrift 24. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. Satureja montana 'Nana'. bee balm 26. valerian 5. fennel 25.Armeria maritima. golden thyme . Valeriana officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Sempervivum tectorum. summer savory 43.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. horehound 46. sativa.Foeniculum vulgare.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba.Monarda didyma. pineapple mint 22. houseleek 45.Marrubium vulgare.
dyer's woad 7. feverfew climbing rose 16. Isatis tinctoria. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Agrimonia eupatoria. pink 62. Dictamnus albus. sweet 37.Origanum majorana.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Anemone pulsatilla.Rosa chinensis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum.Eranthis hyemalis.Rosa eglanteria.Salvia viridis. sweet 50.Alchemilla vulgaris. 30.Echium vulgare. French'.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. fraxinella 8. winter bugloss 'Albus'. dwarf edging box 21.Symphytum officinale.Laurus nobilis.Sium sisarum.Teucrium chamaedrys. marigold chive 15. arcticus 55. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. absinthe 53. parthenium. angelica Lenten rose 10. pot 35.Galium odoratum. sweet basil sage 27. Madonna cicely lily 12.Galium verum. annual clary 51. viper's 34. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Crocus sativus.Lilium candidum.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 57.Artemisia absinthium. white 58. rosemary 28.Foeniculum vulgare. yellow 41. sweet 32.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Helleborus orientalis.Thymus praecox subsp. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. clary 48. English 52. 61. germander 56. Salvia sclarea. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Calendula officinalis. pink 59.Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. 33. garden 42. 39.6. 54. skirret 60.Ruta graveolens.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. China rose comfrey 19.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. rue 31. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Helleborus niger. lavender Christmas rose 11.Myrrhis odorata. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Lavandula angustifolia. 40. Angelica archangelica.Hyssopus officinalis. 38.
and so a white board fence completes the enclosure.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. There is variety in this plan. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. even though space is limited. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. However. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Carya ovata. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. < previous page page_38 next page > . The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and the shagbark hickory. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton.
Poterium sanguisorba. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. French Galium odoratum.Arisaema triphyllum. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. box Ruta graveolens. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. sativa. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. citrata. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. flax Buxus sempervirens. borage Petroselinum crispum. Adiantum pedatum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. angelica Mondarda didyma. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. Canada Isatis tinctoria. Marrubium vulgare.Galium verum. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. box Carya ovata. chive Ilex opaca. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. stewardsonii. green santolina Primula veris. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. bee balm Melissa officinalis. lamb's. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. Asarum canadense. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. valerian Rosa damascena. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. red mint . germander Agastache foeniculum. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. Aloysia triphylla. rue Cornusflorida. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. Artemisia absinthium. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. dogwood Salvia sclarea. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. box Buxus sempervirens. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. sweet basil Satureja montana. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis.
Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .
a dipping pool there. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. An informal. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A singular statue of St. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. first intended for the construction of a cottage. A clump of birch here. < previous page page_40 next page > . This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. it is open on the side facing the house. For this appearance. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. too. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. this excavation. However. unplanned look was desired. is on a sandy knoll.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
53. celandine cicely 18. marsh 42. fern-leaf tansy 23. orris chamaecyparissus. rose bergamot valerian 25.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Consolida orientalis. rose geranium 10.Rosa 'Merry England'.Mentha × gentilis. bee balm . 8.Viola tricolor.Armeria maritima. 69. Sempervivum tectorum.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium odoratissimum. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. blue 2.Tanacetum vulgare var. 33.Vinca minor.Anethum graveolens. 67. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Petroselinum crispum. 60. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Convallaria majalis. Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis. wild 51.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. wild 43. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Thymus herba-barona.Betula papyrifera. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. rue 29. golden 37. chive crispum. orange geranium 11. 58. gray scented sage santolina 4. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Poterium sanguisorba.Levisticum officinale. white birch English lavender parthenium. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Pelargonium denticulatum.Chelidonium majus. purple basil 9. 63. 52.Mentha pulegium.Digitalis purpurea.Pulmonaria officinalis. 36.Pelargonium tomentosum.Lavandula angustifolia. Iris × germanica var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 76. feverfew 27.Allium favum lovage 22.Teucrium canadense. Johnny-jump-up54. 79.Glechoma hederacea. 12. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium quercifolium.Myrrhis odorata.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha × piperita.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. spearmint 45. 31. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 32.Valeriana officinalis.Mentha suaveolens. French'.Chrysanthemum 80. apple mint 49. Ruta graveolens. winter savory 20.Satureja hortensis. 30. mint 50. 65.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Santolina florentina. pineapple3.Althaea officinalis. 61. 'Prostratus'.Marrubium vulgare. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Nepeta cataria. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Ajuga reptans. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. lemon 35. 74. pot 66.Pelargonium graveolens. 75. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Origanum majorana. 78.Anthriscus cerefolium. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 70.Urginea maritima.Angelica archangelica.Origanum onites. 72. 34. 77.Ocimum basilicum. peppermint 47. catnip 73. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. 1.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia elegans. 38.Monarda fistulosa. woolly thyme 13. garden sage lungwort 57.The number in each planting area is the key number. red mint 48.Satureja montana.Coriandrum sativum.Pelargonium crispum. lemon balm 44. pennyroyal 46. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Monarda didyma. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 68.Digitalis grandiflora.Achillea tomentosa. 64.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. sweet 71. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. thrift55.Salvia officinalis. sea onion angelica 24.Origanum vulgare. 59. creeping juniper 26.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. myrtle 14. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
is used for the wall. making it more a part of the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. the same as the smokehouse construction. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Because of the edging box. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Foundation stone. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the accents of the six large box. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. and the two small trees. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.
A.L. .S. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.
Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. balm citrata. Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 21.38. European ginger 4.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Satureja hortensis. chive comfrey curly mint 8. 40.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. sweet cicely45. lady's.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata. verbena English thyme 5.Chrysanthemum 28. blue angelica lungwort 20. orange mint 19. dwarf edging box 14.Lilium candidum.Mentha requienii.Ocimum basilicum 32. lovage 46. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Satureja montana. sweet 26. purple basil sativa.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. 39. Asarum europaeum. lemon 36. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. fraxinella 17.Tanacetum vulgare var. lemon 34. box 'Citriodorum'. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Symphytum officinale. 35. Origanum majorana. Ocimum basilicum 24. 44. summer 25. white 23.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha × piperita. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Melissa officinalis. 22. 47. rosemary 3. pineapple mint 18.Pulmonaria officinalis. 27.Artemisia dracunculus var.Crocus.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. 1. balsamita.Aloysia triphylla.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Viola tricolor.Galium odoratum. species in variety crispum.Buxus sempervirens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Fritillaria imperialis. 'Purpurascens'.Myrrhis odorata. winter 42.Alchemilla vulgaris.Ocimum basilicum 30. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. lemon basil 15.Mentha × piperita var.Artemisia abrotanum. bee balm 29. sweet marjoram 2.Crataegus laevigata. Pelargonium graveolens. English 'Minimum'. Dictamnus albus.Angelica archangelica. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . Corsican 33.Allium giganteum. spearmint 48.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia frigida. 31.Prunus domestica. fringed 43.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. sweet 37. Rosmarinus officinalis. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. 41.
Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. although it is ample at four feet. < previous page page_44 next page > .< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. This hedge. the dwarf box edging. Instead. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Lowgrowing. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. a soil retainer. This is true also of the stone curbing. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. pink of Dianthus. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. The dipping bowl. two specimen shrubs. too.
Landscape Architect. A. .S.A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L.
white creeping thyme lovage 10.Pelargonium in variety. spearmint 48. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. prostrate rosemary 18. American 38.Cimicifuga racemosa. Madonna 63.Aloysia triphylla.Hamamelis virginiana. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. lemon 33.Mentha spicata.Crocus speciosus. 'Lanuginosus'.Digitalis grandiflora.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. white 42.Allium giganteum angelica 11. 1. winter savory 39. sweet 55.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. catmint 35. caraway thyme albus. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Tulipa clusiana.Leucojum aestivum. sweet 27.Dicentra spectabilis.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. borage 31.Borago officinalis.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Thymus herba-barona.Satureja montana. 58. rue25. Spanish bluebell 16. golden thyme41. 20. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.The number in each planting area is the key number. 49. verbena snowflake 19. angustifolia 'Nana'.Narcissus triandrus var.Helleborus lividus subsp. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. Origanum majorana. lily. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Lilium candidum.Levisticum officinale.Nepeta mussinii.Sternbergia lutea.Mentha × piperita. 46. thyme 29. marjoram crocus 7. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Heliotropium arborescens.Anemone blanda. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Crocus tomasinianus. 44.Pelargonium in variety. 51.Angelica archangelica.Salvia sclarea. black cohosh windflower 15.57.Myrica pensylvanica. 17. green santolina 37. gray 22. Compactus'. 53.Santolina virens. 40. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 43. 36. clary 32.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 56.Narcissus asturiensis.Mentha × piperita var. 54. Stachys byzantina.Ocimum basilicum. arcticus 34.Galium odoratum. angel's-tears 59.Crocus angustifolius.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. 45.Thymus × citriodorus. arcticus 30. Salvia officinalis. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. Thymus doerfleri.Convallaria majalis. 61.Tulipa kaufmanniana. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . lemon 60. sweet 47. tulip citrata. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Teucrium canadense. 2.Mertensia virginica. orange mint 8. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Crocus kotschyanus. 50. 52.Allium christophii.Galanthus nivalis. 26.Helleborus niger. lamb's-ears 28. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.
this herb garden was designed before the house was built. The results have been most satisfying. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Second. First. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Morning sun warms it early. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time.
Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 26.Tagetes 'Lulu'. French tarragon 5. garden sage 4. woolly thyme 3. lemon 21. The number in each planting area is the key number. . absinthe sativa. tulip 45. leek 46. English thyme 43. crocus 44. 'Lambrook Silver'. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Porrum Group. 25. Origanum heracleoticum.Crocus sieberi. marigold 41. Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. A.L. Landscape Architect.Salvia officinalis.Allium ampeloprasum. Ocimum basilicum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.Apium graveolens.Allium neapolitanum. sweet basil 23. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Artemisia absinthium 24.S.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia lactiflora. wild celery 42. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. Beauty'.A. clary thyme 22. Thymus × citriodorus.Tulipa tarda.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
fraxinella 36. 56. red currant gray santolina 13. 29. Robert verbena Brydon'.Allium schoenoprasum.Petroselinum crispum var.Achillea filipendula 60. 58. yellow 55. lovage 34.Aconitum napellus. butterfly 47.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Crataegus phaenopyrum. clematis 11.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Ribes sativum.Artemisia camphorata.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. sweet 37.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Santolina virens.Dianthus × allwoodii. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . viola holly 18.Aloysia triphylla.Malus hupehensis.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lemon 50.Dictamnus albus. curly parsley 20. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Galium mollugo.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Clematis 'Mrs. alpine 28.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. weed chive 48. 39.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. bee balm foxglove Choice'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. Lavandula angustifolia. lobelia Sherbert'.Digitalis grandiflora. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Ipomoea alba. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.foxglove 7.Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. lamb's-ears 52.Cornus florida. great 31.Stachys byzantina. Viola odorata. monkshood upright yew 17.Levisticum officinale.Ilex opaca.Origanum majorana. 54. pale 49. 8. blue 38.Allium senescens var. green 40.Tropaeolum minus. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. dogwood 19. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. catmint 53. white evergreen azalea 16.Nepeta × faassenii.Santolina chamaecyparissus. American marjoram Yellow'. 32. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Asclepias tuberosa. pink 30.Lobelia siphilitica. American elderberry 15.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
A birdbath of copper. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. repeats again the octagonal form. even though the growing area is not extensive. an impression of Sol in it. The four herb beds. are raised with bricks on edge. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Well-drained as they are. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. French 26.Joan E.Mentha spicata.Poterium sanguisorba. crispum. Artemisia abrotanum. catmint 6. orange santolina geranium 11. peppermint 4. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet basil 22.Mentha × piperita. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . English thyme horehound 2.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. 28.Rosmarinus officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 36.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. sweet woodruff 9. Artemisia absinthium.Salvia officinalis.Salvia sclarea.Allium tuberosum. 43. 19.Lavandula dentata.Marrubium vulgare. Anethum graveolens. thyme salad burnet 40.Aloysia triphylla. bush basil 23. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 41.Pelargonium crispum. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. 29. heliotrope 31. rosemary 33. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. silver mound artemisia 8. curly mint 3.Ocimum basilicum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lemon 39.Santolina 25.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium denticulatum. 16. lamb's-ears 17.Pelargonium graveolens. golden variegated garden sage 38. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 27. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia. white creeping thyme 12. French tarragon 7. clove pink 10.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Stachys byzantina. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. curly parsley 32. sativa.Thymus × citriodorus. angustifolia. spearmint southernwood 5. rue 35. absinthe 20. purple basil 24.Ruta graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. 42. clary 21.Nepeta mussinii. variegated garden sage 37. prostrate rosemary 34. dill 18.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. lavender 15. lemon 30.Pelargonium tomentosum. Semple.
< previous page page_52 next page > . A birdbath may replace the pool. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. rose. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. too. lemon verbena. A suitable fence. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. a toolhouse. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. and lantana are a few. if neither is available. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. rose geranium. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Pelargonium × blandfordianum. lavender 3.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. bush basil 5. The number in each planting area is the key number. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .L. 1.Heliotropium arborescens. gray santolina chamomile 14.S.Origanum majorana. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Aloysia triphylla. 7. zonal geranium 18.Santolina chamaecyparissus. heliotrope 21. woolly thyme 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. green 12.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Chenopodium botrys. rosescented geranium 17.Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia absinthium 11. absinthe 'Minimum'.Chamaemelum nobile. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 10. A. crispum. fern-leaf tansy 8.A.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. white creeping thyme 2. zonal geranium 19. lemon thyme 20.Tanacetum vulgare var. 9.Pelargonium frutetorum. 13. arcticus 'Albus'. verbena ambrosia 4. Landscape Architect. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. geranium 16.Rosmarinus officinalis.
In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. a deep mauve to others. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. but the design itself has endured forty years. As the snows melt. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. artemisias. The dwarf box frames the focal point. box. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. the design is clearly traced. These can easily obliterate a design. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. apothecary's rose. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Hyssop hedges define the circles. mints. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Angelica. Box and holly enclose it all. a sundial. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > .
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Sium sisarum. germander 43.Helleborus niger.Santolina neapolitana 36. weld 54. 56. skirret 53. 1.Myrrhis odorata. piney 44. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Satureja montana.Astrantia major.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Asclepias tuberosa.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Buxus sempervirens.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula dentata.Syringa. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Sempervivum tectorum.Artemisia absinthium. valerian 6. white 66.30. clove pink 29.63. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 67. pot bergamot marjoram 7. daffodil 17.Hyssopus officinalis. feverfew 14. grape fennel 19. sweet 27. rosemary 25.Paeonia officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis. Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. winter savory 32.Alchemilla alpina. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lilium candidum. white dead 49.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp.Stachys byzantina. 59. southernwood 2. green. 65. 26. 55.Artemisia camphorata.Monarda fistulosa. bush basil nettle orpine 4. scented. Canadian burnet 13.Tanacetum vulgare var. crimson creeping thyme 18.Thymus praecox subsp. 48.Arisaema dracontium. alpine 60.Valeriana officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. orris box 22. Chamaemelum nobile. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. fern-leaf tansy 5.Vitis. thrift 41. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Thymus praecox subsp. blue hyssop 42.Foeniculum vulgare.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. 62.Reseda luteola. lamb's-ears 33. Pelargonium in variety. dyer's woad 9. florentina.Armeria maritima.Pulmonaria officinalis. blue 50. perilla 51. green santolina 24. arcticus 39. orris 57. French thyme Madonna lily 16. white creeping thyme French'.Symphytum officinale.Taxus. sweet woodruff45. 'Albus'.James D. Origanum majorana.Sedum telephium. bronze 64.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.47.Pyrus communis. rue 23. wild 52. arcticus 38. masterwort 69. arcticus 40.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. dwarf edging box 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Origanum onites. butterfly weed35. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Galium odoratum. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Tropaeolum majus.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. lady's-mantle 46. gray 37.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Lavandula angustifolia.Teucrium chamaedrys.Iris × germanica var. chamomile 31. lilac 70. marjoram lungwort crispum.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Asarum europaeum. yew Beauty'. nasturtium 28. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Helleborus orientalis.Isatis tinctoria.Lamium album.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. Graham. absinthe 34.Perillafrutescens.Melissa officinalis. 58.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Dianthus caryophyllus.
If there is room for only one rambler rose. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. The large. rising from the courtyard. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. They are small specialty beds. The brick edging around each bed is a help. However. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. pink. In addition to the brick edging around each. include this one. At the top of the steps. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. Rosa 'Albertine'. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. < previous page page_56 next page > . with buds of red. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds.
English thyme . bush basil 43.Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. angelica 20. alpine strawberry 3. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Satureja montana. rhubarb 2. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Rheum rhabarbarum. lavender 4.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. tansy Bois'.Tanacetum vulgare. winter savory 41. lemon balm 42. caraway 24. 23. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. Carum carvi. Angelica archangelica.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 40. foxglove 39.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Borago officinalis. subsp. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. 22. 1.
'Baronne Prevost'.Poterium sanguisorba.R.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. marguerite chive 9. rose 28. blue hyssop 25. centifolia var.Dianthus Victoria'. bourbon rose 10. Irish-lace 48. Thymus 'Argenteus'.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.R.sativa. citrata.Salvia elegans. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.R.Allium schoenoprasum.Chenopodium 55. curly parsley 26. Hyssopus officinalis.R.R.Mentha × piperita var. silver 27. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Chrysanthemum 46. 31. Pelargonium graveolens. var.Artemisia dracunculus 44. musk rose 12. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 54.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. lemon 51.Chrysanthemum. cheddar pink 53. salad 7.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. sweet 37.Lavandula dentata. pineapple34. French 33. centifolia.Tagetes filifolia. prostrate rosemary 16. 49. 36. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. centifolia 'Cristata'. 56. 29.Laurus nobilis.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . 45. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Satureja hortensis. French'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. 35.Calendula officinalis. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. Consolida ambigua.R.'Albertine'. Mexican tea 18.Chrysanthemum balsamita. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Aloysia triphylla.6.R. thyme frutescens. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Anethum graveolens 47. geranium in 30. muscosa 15. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. pot 50. clove pink Mammoth'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Petroselinum crispum var. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Pelargonium.
The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. It is near the house. < previous page page_58 next page > . A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. as it should be. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. too. Laid in an unusual pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Balance is augmented.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
17. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Heliotropium arborescens.Anethum graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lucile Teeter Kissack. The number in each planting area is the key number. dill 9.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.L. dwarf edging box 8.Satureja hortensis. rosemary yellow viola 10. angustifolia 'Munstead'. 24. lavender 2. santolina moss rose 7.Allium schoenoprasum. Rosmarinus officinalis. gray 15.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 16. 19.Aloysia triphylla.Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Origanum majorana.A.S. 20. chive lemon verbena 6. A. heliotrope 3.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Hyssopus officinalis. double white peony 5. 1. 21.Ocimum basilicum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue hyssop 13.Myosotis sylvatica. sweet basil 14. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . English'.Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. 23. white creeping thyme 4. green 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. English thyme signet marigold 11. Landscape Architect. arcticus 'Albus'.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.
well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Herbs. and a comfortable. winter pruned. potted lemon verbena. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. the fence with roses. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. and the grape arbor. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. < previous page page_60 next page > . Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The grape vines. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. too.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
conical yew rosemary 1. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Althaea officinalis. sweet climbing rose. BED II germander BED IV 2. Aloysia triphylla. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Nepeta mussinii. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon Linum perenne. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. 3. purple variegated garden sage 4. three. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Teucrium chamaedrys. Iris cristata. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I .Connecticut Vera Breed. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Valeriana officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. marsh climbing rose. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Galium odoratum. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Stachys byzantina. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. conical yew 'Silver Moon'.
marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. beach Marrubium vulgare. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Thymus × citriodorus. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. tuberosa 6. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. houseleek in variety 7. Rosmarinus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. lemon thyme 9. Thymus. lemon Anemone hybrida. Sempervivum. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. plume Baptisia australis. fairy rose Giant'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Delphinium × belladonna. angustifolia 'Munstead'. catmint 5. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. creeping thyme in variety 8. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 10. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis.
grew too large. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. tend to broaden the width of the garden. Either it flourished too well. magnolia. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. myrtle. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Later.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. and bright green in the herb beds. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. silver. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. this was replaced with ''edging" box. blue green. holly. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . if desired. Herbs. Another angle could be tried with these. its detail is shown below. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. planted in bands across these beds. Ivy. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
white creeping thyme 41.Myrica pensylvanica. 'Minimum'. rue 20. sweet woodruff 36. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. silver-king artemisia 23. gray santolina 15.Magnolia grandiflora.Satureja montana. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. tansy 45. English thyme chamomile 2.Laurus nobilis.Galium odoratum.Thymus × citriodorus. arcticus 'Albus'. dwarf 21.Ilex opaca. 33. 44. 25. Stachys byzantina. lemon 29. bush basil albula. 6.Thymus praecox subsp. lime geranium 4. lovage 48.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus praecox subsp.Vinca minor. sweet 34. winter 'Purpurascens'. American holly 31. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . bee balm30. Tropaeolum minus.Levisticum officinale. myrtle 47. French thyme 39. French 27.Thymus 'Argenteus'. English ivy burnet 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Origanum majorana. thyme 38. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. 28.Pelargonium fragrans. dwarf edging box 11.Thymus carnosus. 49. English'. thyme 37.Mentha spicata. horehound germander 17. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Buxus sempervirens 14. Ruta graveolens. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Artemisia abrotanum. 1.Monarda didyma. lamb's.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. spearmint 42. box chamaecyparissus.Tanacetum vulgare. Ocimum basilicum 24.Mentha suaveolens.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. borage 26.Thymus herba-barona.Chamaemelum nobile. Borago officinalis. bayberry balm thyme 13. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. bay rosemary 12. purple basil savory 35. lemon 46.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium × nervosum. caraway thyme 40.Artemisia dracunculus var. purple garden sage 7. woolly thyme 8.Hedera helix.Artemisia ludoviciana var. ears rose geranium 3.Pelargonium graveolens. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Marrubium vulgare.19.Thymus doerfleri.Poterium sanguisorba.Rumex scutatus. Ocimum basilicum 22. salad 43.
Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. too. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. There is variety in the walks. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. It is a large garden. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The use of flagstone. standards. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. and treessome of which are espaliered. brick. adding to the space for walking. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. < previous page page_64 next page > . accent this prime focal point even more. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. It is located for the best viewing. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. The four potted bay. Laurus nobilis. too. maypoles. potted shrubs.
Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. Thymus × citriodorus.acerifolium. Johnny-jump. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 25. 49.Viola tricolor.P. 51. love-in. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Nigella damascena.P.P. apple English thyme up geranium 3.quercifolium. winter 27.P. pot 52.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.odoratissimum. 26.Calendula officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 29.Chenopodium botrys. fragrans. 1.50. wild 28.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . musty oakscented geranium 5. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.53.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Satureja montana.
Tanacetum vulgare var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Forsythia. orange geranium 23. denticulatum.P. 64. 58. lettuce 39.Mentha. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Marrubium vulgare.P.Foeniculum vulgare. 71.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. pheasant's.Thymus praecox subsp.Fragaria vesca.Artemisia dracunculus var. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. bay 20.Malus.Mentha pulegium.Origanum majorana. peppermint 67.Thymus serpyllum. arcticus43. radens 'Dr. glutinosum.Acorus calamus.Malus angustifolia.× nervosum.P. crispum. white creeping thyme geranium 68. bronze 38. forsythia 'Albus'.P. rosemary 9.6. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Artemisia abrotanum.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet flag 16. lemon geranium 56. classic 21. 62. English lavender 32. dill 36. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . box 19. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. garden sage 54.Myrtus communis.P. strawberry 48.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Origanum dictamnus.Poncirus trifoliata. horehound 46.P. sweet 37.P. lemon 65. crowfoot 70.Melissa officinalis. lemon-rose geranium 22. denticulatum 11. lemon balm 45. lettuce 40. parsley 35.P.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon 47. golden lemon thyme 7. bee balm 63. pine crispum. fern-leaf 'Nana'. graveolens. 57.Levisticum officinale. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. French tarragon Rose'. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Allium senescens var. chamomile 8. radens.P.Pelargonium crispum. salad 42. Hyssopus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile.72.Salvia officinalis.Livingston'. 41.Anethum graveolens. crispum 'Minor'.P.Aloysia triphylla. camphor-scented geranium 69.P. cherry tomato chive 17.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon geranium 33. blue hyssop 10. Rosmarinus officinalis. rose geranium66.Achilleafilipendula. wild thyme 31. fern-leaf 60. lemon southernwood geranium 34. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Salvia caerulea.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Viola odorata. tomentosum. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.P. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Monarda didyma. lime geranium 55.Petroselinum crispum.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula angustifolia. 61. 44. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Laurus nobilis.
The result is one of sculptured elegance. In keeping with this feeling. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. green santolina. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. < previous page page_66 next page > . It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. and Allium karataviense. too. This is a large garden by any standard. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Satureja montana. Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativa. garden sage 18. Mentha suaveolens.Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Liriope muscari.Allium moly. gray 10. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis. blue hyssop 16. big blue lilyturf 12. 15. Baker. chive 4.Florence B.Santolina chamaecyparissus. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. green santolina 14. apple mint 13. lemon 11. 8. 1.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia frigida.Allium christophii. arcticus.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Levisticum officinale. winter savory 9. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . dwarf garden 17. fringed 7. wormwood fennel 2.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the circle. for the box after new spring growth. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. and the front porch of the house. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Many herb gardens could provide this. the square. the upper deck. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. < previous page page_70 next page > .
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
lemon 8. lavender 5. dwarf edging box 7.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. Italian cypress 9.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. viola 3.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Satureja montana.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf myrtle 6. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. winter savory 4.Cedrus deodara.The number in each planting area is the key number. chamomile 2. 1.Cupressus sempervirens.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.
but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Paths are gravel.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer.. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. from Peter Coats. Roses. as it was with this plan. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Coin with Tudor rose design." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > .
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
English pasqueflower primrose 14. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Fragaria vesca. pot marigold 15. Eryngium maritimum. rosemary 16.Lavandula angustifolia. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Poterium sanguisorba. yellow flag 26. oxlip 17. caraway 35.Lactuca sativa.Fumaria officinalis.Carum carvi.Calendula officinalis. sweet violet 6. wild thyme 5. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Iris pseudacorus. sweet marjoram 3. earth 24. monkshood27.Myrtus communis.Aconitum napellus. Foeniculum vulgare. 34.The number in each planting area is the key number. Malva sylvestris. chamomile 4. lettuce 28.Ruta graveolens. fennel 21. Hyssopus officinalis.Primula vulgaris. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Bellis perennis. 25. 19. Thymus serpyllum.Crocus sativus. English daisy 36. classic myrtle 18. Chamaemelum nobile. Madonna 23.Viola tricolor.Lilium candidum.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm 31. clove20. blue hyssop 2. 1. winter 32.Primula elatior.Anemone pulsatilla.Mentha × piperita.Crithmum maritimum. mallow 13.Viola odorata. Dianthus caryophyllus.Melissa officinalis. absinthe peppermint 8.Mentha spicata.Petroselinum crispum.Buxus sempervirens. parsley 29. spearmint 30. salad burnet 10. 22.Satureja montana. rue 33. Origanum majorana. saffron lily crocus 12.
A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. spurred." Concrete blocks. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Selected for this reason. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. most of the blooms are nightscented. plumed. but Always Love. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . its tufted. However. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. along with a measure of fragrance. white blooms and woolly. white. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. silver mound.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them.
silver mound artemisia 3. sweet 31.Galium odoratum. Thymus 'Argenteus'. 1. pink 15. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. white . Santolina chamaecyparissus. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Dictamnus albus. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Lilium candidum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Stachys byzantina.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. 'Albus'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. petunia 30. lamb's.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. horehound 2.19. 17.Galanthus nivalis.Marrubiam vulgare. silver 16. white 32.
Ipomoea alba.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. Artemisia lactiflora. tulip 37. rose 41.Salvia sclarea. Artemisia absinthium. rose 40. needle florentina.Artemisia ludoviciana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. albula. Yucca filamentosa.21.6. 26.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. Viola odorata. sweet violet 20. dame's honesty rocket 14. white 27. daffodil 35.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. white 22.Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 12.Iris × germanica var.Matthiola incana. white stock absinthe 10.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Polianthes tuberosa. clary 24.Lunaria annua.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. 25. orris 8. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. western mugwort 7. 28. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Rosa 'Cinderella'. beach mugwort wormwood 9. tulip 38.Hesperis matronalis. moonflower 39. Adam's. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Artemisia stellerana. 23.Convallaria majalis.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. tuberose 36. lily-ofthe-valley 11.
for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. Rather. textures. related to an old mill reconstruction. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Many of these herbs lack the hues. and fragrances usually considered characteristic.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. required their use as an educational adjunct. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too. < previous page page_76 next page > . The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
garden 56. stinging nettle44. 47. sumac poke 17.Cotinus coggygria. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Cladrastis lutea.51. ramie 24.Mahonia aquifolium. woad Susan laevifolium. Musa textilis. 28.Anthemis tinctoria. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. 1. lily. sweet 49. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. goldthread 41.Rumex acetosa.Coreopsis tinctoria. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.38. Agave sisalana.Solidago species. peach bracken sorrel 19. Sansevieria trifasciata. French 33.Cytisus scoparius. sisal 27..Hydrastis canadensis.Convallaria majalis. 35.Crocus sativus. Linum usitatissimum.Reseda luteola.Indigofera tinctoria.Dipsacus sativus.Rudbeckia hirta. flax 21.Phytolacca americana.Genista tinctoria.Allium cepa. yellow 55.Pteridium aquilinum. Manila 25.Hypericum perforatum. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.46.Sanguinaria canadensis. dyer's broom safflower 6.Coptis trifolia.Polygonum hydropiperoides. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. alkanet 52.Agrimonia eupatoria.Urtica dioica. 32. 23. 43. privet marigold 15.Genista germanica.Berberis vulgaris. 37.Filipendula ulmaria.Carthamus tinctorius.Anchusa officinalis. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Prunus persica.Isatis tinctoria.Parmelia conspersa. Abutilon theophrasti. Agave fourcroydes.Chelidonium majus.Ligustrum vulgare. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . 53. weld 57. blueberry 13.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Rumex obtusifolius.Furcraea hexapetala. African 45. Scotch broom hemp 7. onion China jute 4.Rubia tinctorum. 34. black-eyed 50.Galium verum.Viburnum acerifolium. 48. Boehmeria nivea. broad 42.Monarda didyma. bee 36.Tagetes patula. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. Gossypium hirsutum. queen.Morus rubra or alba. dyer's 31. 22. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. madder 54.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 29.Tagetes erecta. 39. St. fuller's 30. Hibiscus cannabinus.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rhus typhina.Galium odoratum. golden 40. 26. 20. henequen marigold bearberry 8.
There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. A totally appealing edging. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. Elsewhere. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. < previous page page_78 next page > . as well as the roses. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Mme. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 23. 'Sombreuil'. rambler 20. cl. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 18. 24. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. rambler 19. cl. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. Alfred de Rougemont'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. cl. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. Legras de St. 'White Rose of York' 3. the second shows the number of plants to be used. cl. 'American Pillar'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Mignonette' 5. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Belle Amour' 6. 25. 1. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 22. 'Seven Sisters'.
is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. The notch of four square feet. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. Circles and angles provide interest. < previous page page_80 next page > .
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
annuum 'Nosegay'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B.A. pear Purple Vienna'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. oleracea 'Prima'.B. C.B. annuum 'Teno'. oleracea 'Red Acre'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. Boerner.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. C. annuum 'Fips'. eggplant 43. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. red-flowered kale 6. dulce 47. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. 48.B. 32. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. 22. red 37. white-flowered kale 49. 25. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. schoenoprasum. sprouts celery 8. annuum 'Black Prince'. C. 40. curly eggplant parsley 23. 26.C. annuum 'Mosaic'.B. C. 30.S. graveolens var.B. dulce 'Utah 5270'. kohlrabi Rock'.B. ruby swiss chard var.annuum 'Floral Gem'.C.sativa 'Ruby'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. celery Bed 9. melongena 1.A.C. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. crispum 'Banquet'. garlic chive 44. celery Group. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. 28. dulce 50.B.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.Solanum melongena var. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.C.A. lycopersicum var. oleracea 'Green Parade'.A. tuberosum. melongena 2. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. cepa Proliferum Group.L. 27. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. 39. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. red 38.A. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. C. scorodoprasum. annuum 'Red Boy'.A. Beauty'.A.esculentum 'Long Black'. annuum 'Golden Bell'. shallot Lakes'.B. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. 29. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.L. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. C. cherry tomato 34. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.S.B. Petroselinum crispum var. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.Apium graveolens var. graveolens var.A. C.B. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. annuum 'Variegata'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.Cichorium intybus. celery I 31. chive 42.C. graveolens var. giant garlic var.A.C. leek 5. 24. 45.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. Capsicum annuum var. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.
The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. for each is a complete entity. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. winter savory. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. All of the circles. and golden thyme. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. When viewed from the terrace above. arcs.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
P. inkberry geranium 9. tomentosum. P.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. × domesticum 6. A.P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.L. 29. odoratissimum. acerifolium. rose-scented geranium 4..P.P. scabrum. germander crowfoot geranium 21. maple-leaved 18. rose geranium 27. crispum 'French Lace.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. oak-leaved geranium 16. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.P.× nervosum. radens 'Dr.P.P.Melissa R.S. Livingston'. pungent-scented geranium 25. 1. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Assoc. orange geranium 8. 19.P. Teucrium chamaedrys. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. winter 13.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. gooseberry geranium 24.A.P. lemon geranium 22. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. lime geranium Rose'. golden 11. P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. green 14. P.P.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.P. grossularioides. Satureja montana.P. Marshall.Myrica pensylvanica. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Landscape Architect. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .' lemon geranium 23. apricot geranium28. crispum.Ilex glabra. graveolens.P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. The number in each planting area is the key number. 15. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. peppermint 26. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. 17. 12.P. Santolina virens.
or marble chips. For the knot to look its best at all times. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. texture. especially when it is blooming. Maintenance is high for a knot. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. . or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. was planted using edging box only.Santolina virens. blue hyssop 3. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Hyssopus officinalis. closed knot design. 1. and growth to the plants of the knot design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. Its interspaces can be mulched. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. filled with plants that have contrasting color. English lavender 2. which is framed with a brick edging. For ease of maintenance this same knot design.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. such as a dwarf edging box. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs.Lavandula angustifolia. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. sand. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. To ease the care for a more complicated design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. on page 37.
Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. green santolina 2. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf edging box 4.
white 7. 8. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. The knot material is maintained at six inches. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. caraway thyme 9. praecox subsp.T. rosemary creeping thyme 2. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. Rosmarinus officinalis. which are confined to that area. herba-barona. variegated garden sage . A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. creeping thymes.officinalis 'Tricolor'. arcticus 'Albus'.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.T. Some maintenance is required for clipping. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. In another departure from the usual. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. purple variegated 11. 'Munstead'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. the height of the edging. fig 4. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Teucrium chamaedrys.S. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. which is found more often out in the open. 1. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. lavender Japanese barberry 5. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Teucrium canadense.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. gray santolina 2. lavender .Santolina chamaecyparissus. American germander 3. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
germander . Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.
The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. again laid on edge.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. each one a quarter-circle. adding another facet to an appealing design. pleasing color. < previous page page_88 next page > . The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. which are also laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
blue sage 13. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. golden marguerite 25. glaucum 11.Artemisia frigida. French lavender 3. woolly yarrow 23. 18. tree germander 22.Allium senescens var.Salvia argentea. angustifolia 'Rosea'. silver horehound 19. 1. dwarf gray santolina 20.Helichrysum angustifolium. samphire14. Russian sage 24. 16.Anthemis marschalliana.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. silver sage 15. lavender 5. rue 21. gray santolina 2. curry plant 7. 17. fern-leaf yarrow 27. lavender 9. tree artemisia 26.Anthemis tinctoria.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 8.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Crithmum maritimum. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Artemisia arborescens.Lavandula dentata var.Leontopodium alpinum. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Marrubium incanum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Stachys byzantina. candicans.Santolina neapolitana 10.Dianthus × caryophyllus. silver thyme 6.Teucrium fruticans.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Salvia clevelandii. dwarf 12.Perovskia atriplicifolia.
a number of which are listed in the bibliography. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. < previous page page_90 next page > . lady's-mantle. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. oregano. If one is familiar with herbs. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. basil. sweet marjoram. As with other plant material. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. Styles of containers. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. The color of the container plays a lesser role. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. and the savories. thyme. which include hanging baskets. Some are rosemary. are without number. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all.
providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.
< previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
< previous page page_95 next page > . Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. such an outlay would be unwarranted. A. Of course supervision is necessary.A. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. If children's interest is not sustained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.S. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. However. LandscapeArchitect. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.L. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.
If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Just keep a garden design for children simple." selected for their greater fragrance. too. < previous page page_96 next page > .< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. Children in this age group can help with the construction. they are easily handpicked. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Instead of benches on the patio. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. These are ''old roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses.
A. A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. .L.
Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Origanum majorana.Isatis tinctoria.Allium tuberosum. Petroselinum crispum var.Rosa damascena.Salvia officinalis. Levisticum officinale.Nepeta cataria. borage 15. garlic chive 29. Italian parsley 23. dwarf 6.Allium senescens var. summer savory 22.Satureja hortensis. crispum. 1. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Allium moly.Salvia sclarea. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Lavandula angustifolia.Anethum graveolens. love-in-a-mist 14. Nigella damascena. neapolitanum. 16. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. lily leek 30.The number in each planting area is the key number. English lavender 4. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Dianthus plumarius. alpine strawberry 3. lovage 12. horehound 26. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Tropaeolum minus. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Calendula officinalis. ambrosia 2. Borago officinalis. 20. American 21.Artemisia abrotanum.rocambole 28. dill pennyroyal 11. damask rose 32.Marrubium vulgare.Rosa gallica. cottage pink 18. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 13. garden sage 24.Hedeoma pulegioides. 19.Artemisia camphorata. clary 25. southernwood 5. English lavender 7. pot marigold 8.Chenopodium botrys.Petroselinum crispum var. ophioscorodon. glaucum 31. catnip 27.Allium sativum var.
was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. previously used as a skating rink. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. not noted on the plan. < previous page page_98 next page > . making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. All are inviting to the touch. The oval. are a seal and a turtle. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The design is a medley of shapes and textures.
R.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.A.A. F. . Landscape Architect.
marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . chive dandelion Allium sativum. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. mint Tagetes. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. tansy Monarda didyma. marigold Salvia officinalis. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. fat-hen Primula veris. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens.Hedeoma pulegioides. mint Galium odoratum. English Tussilago farfara. dog violet Lemna. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. Allium schoenoprasum. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. bee orchid Erigeron. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. chamomile Mentha. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. lousewort Viola canina. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. Trifolium pratense. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. Nepeta cataria. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. fleabane Stellaria. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. Greek Stachys byzantina. Foeniculum vulgare. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm Satureja montana. borage Tanacetum vulgare. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. coltsfoot Mimulus. cowslip Linaria. winter savory Mentha. duckweed Antennaria.
A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A number of wooden window frames. < previous page page_101 next page > . An herb garden exposure is important in any location. developed particularly for study. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Here. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Still. for an old barn foundation of stone. its wooden structure long gone. a mint. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. and old barn beams another about the same height. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. it is a most satisfying growing situation. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Its plant list. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Their height eases the task of weeding. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Instead. an exceedingly long one. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. feverfew. are superb for displaying potted herbs.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
Sium sisarum.P. fern-leaf tansy 95. nitidus.O.Althaea officinalis. pallasianus.Angelica archangelica. lemon 52. camphor. 1. abrotanum.O. 45. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.T.Digitalis lanata. praecox subsp. 'Clear Gold'. rampion 81. didyma 'Rosea'. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. officinalis 'Purpurea'. basilicum 56.Artemisia dracunculus var.Echium vulgare.Valeriana officinalis. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. 60. basilicum 'Minimum'.-John'swort 91. alpine savory 89.Ruta graveolens. bee balm57.O. variegated garden sage 87. camphorata. garden sage 84.Chelidonium majus. officinalis 'Aurea'. pontica. onites. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Agastache foeniculum. 'Purpurascens'. golden lemon thyme 99. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Thymus praecox subsp.M. silver thyme 105.Physalis heterophylla. pink 58.A. pot marigold 25. balm horehound 14. golden variegated garden sage 86.Stachys grandifora 93.Tanacetum vulgare var. odorous thyme 104. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Galium odoratum. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Digitalis purpurea. sweet 41.Chrysanthemum balsamita.S. sweet cicely 94.Teucrium chamaedrys. woolly thyme 101.O.Pelargonium crispum.Asarum canadense. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Hypericum perforatum.A. skirret 90. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. absinthe 51.Ocimum basilicum. 48. golden marjoram 26. betony 92.Achillea millefolium. 55. celandine madder 79. dyer's woodruff broom 3. basil blue hyssop 15. lesser 67. French tarragon geranium 7. viper's 65.Monarda didyma.Veronica serpyllifolia.Viola tricolor. officinalis 'Tricolor'.T. rose sativa. apple wormwood geranium 8.P.Campanula rapunculus.Stachys officinalis. stellerana. southernwood ground cherry 10. mosquito plant 19. winter savory 88. rosemary 82. majorana.T.Geranium robertianum. 54.Myrrhis odorata. herba-barona. crispum. arcticus 'Albus'.Nepeta mussinii. odoratissimum.Aloysia triphylla.Levisticum officinale. sweet celandine marjoram 28. southernwood houseleek 12. thyme 102. purple basil English lavender 18.O. angelica lemon geranium 5.Viola odorata.Plantago major. sweet violet 40. beach 47. lemon thyme 100.Rubia tinctorum. tomentosum. St. purple variegated garden sage 85. marsh mallow 13. crimson creeping thyme 96. lemon verbena 106. praecox subsp.Calamintha grandiflora. catmint 63.Pulmonaria officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. rose costmary campion 23.S. golden thyme 98.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. white creeping thyme 97.Poterium sanguisorba. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Satureja montana.A. 50. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. 61.Calendula officinalis.Melissa officinalis. 66. creeping veronica .49.Campanula persicifolia.T. caraway thyme 103. wormwood germander 9. 64. rue 83.Genista tinctoria.Sempervivum tectorum. foxglove 2.Alchemilla vulgaris.T.Lychnis coronaria. Grecian 59.T.Acinos alpinus. yarrow herb Robert 4.T. absinthium. bee balm lovage 20. 42. 43. 62.T 'Argenteus'.Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Coccineus'.S. calamint valerian 24.A. 44.Marrubium vulgare.P.Salvia officinalis. richardii subsp. graveolens.T.Euphorbia cyparissias.A.A. Roman 46.Ranunculus ficaria.Agastache cana.Hyssopus officinalis. plantain 80. sweet 53. × citriodorus.
M. chervil 68.A.Lysimachia vulgaris.Chamaemelum nobile.Anthriscus cerefolium. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Chrysanthemum 78.Oenothera biennis. orange mint 32.V. ostrowskianum 34.Verbascum thapsus. wild 116. spicata. 76.Prunus pensylvanica. × gentilis. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. × piperita var.Chrysanthemum parthenium. spearmint 107. tree onion 112. curry plant mullein 35. 114. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Laurus nobilis. chamomile 30.A. Proliferum Group.Yucca filamentosa.Veronica officinalis.Sorbaria sorbifolia. veronica 108.Allium sativum. chicory 70.M. 73.Isatis tinctoria.Myrtus communis. blattaria. feverfew cinerariifolium. oxeye daisy mullein 36. pineapple mint 31. red mint comfrey 33.29.Lilium candidum.M. evening 77.Symphytum officinale.M. pin cherry 39. citrata. yucca 109.Origanum dictamnus. dyer's woad 110.Chrysanthemum 74.Origanum vulgare. suaveolens 'Variegata'. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Primula veris. 71.Dianthus plumarius 75.Mentha suaveolens. cowslip 72. garlic 111. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. orach115. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Atriplex hortensis. apple mint 69.Helichrysum angustifolium.Cichorium intybus.cepa. moth 113.
where a selection of planters increases the planting area. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. but not obvious. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A statue of St.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. not just hiding it. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. its outline constructed of brick. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. A wheelshaped bed. of good proportion for the size of the opening. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. < previous page page_104 next page > . a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Francis.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
only those not found on other lists are noted here. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . lion's-ear prismaticum. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. AREA VI japonica. AREA IV Ixia maculata. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. white Justicia carnea. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. Eleocharis dulcis. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. loquat Cichorium intybus. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. labdanum Cistus crispus. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. poet's Solidago californica. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. cat Watsonia rosea. Sidney Ephedra viridis. menthifolia. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. Vetiveria zizanioides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. potato Brassica eruca. Eriobotrya japonica. Cestrum nocturnum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia.
Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. to name a few. an "old rose" and fragrant. and a third a culinary garden. or potpourri. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The exterior brick path. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. One is a garden of legends. emphasizes the circle. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. another a Mary garden. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. < previous page page_106 next page > .< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. is a center of interest. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. but also for proper leaf size. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. scented-leaf geraniums. not only for hardiness where needed.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Galium verum. dill 11. costmary 6.Salvia officinalis. angelica 2.Crocus sativus.Allium schoenoprasum. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Artemisia absinthium.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lamium album. lady's. black 23.20. flax 17.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata.Ruta graveolens. Hyssopus officinalis. saffron crocus marigold 7.19. yellow 25. garden up sage 10. white dead 24.Hedera helix.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. absinthe 4. English thyme 13. sweet 21. chive bedstraw 16.Alchemilla vulgaris. Viola tricolor. Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. sweet marjoram basil 12.Origanum majorana. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pot 26. blue 18. Johnny-jump.Brassica nigra. Linum usitatissimum. chamomile 3. Anethum graveolens. 1. English ivy rosemary 8. 27. rue 28.Ornithogalum umbellatum. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Narcissus mustard 14. hyssop rose 9. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. pyrethrum 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. spearmint 22.Calendula officinalis.
No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. < previous page page_108 next page > . and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.
Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. blue Lamium maculatum. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Cotinus coggygria. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. Russian 'Prostratus'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. peppermint Laurus nobilis. clove Marrubium vulgare. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. perennial flax Galium odoratum. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. rue Malva alcea var. fastigiata. beach Monarda didyma. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Artemisia absinthium. sweet Myrtus communis. bay Echeveria × imbricata. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. spearmint Mentha × piperita. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum.
but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. Appropriately used as accents. This is a general rule observed. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. simply on a smaller scale. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. The generous use of edgings. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. and huge. millstones. < previous page page_110 next page > . the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. too. Viewed from the terrace garden. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. where paths enter an area or take a different direction.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. features a closed knot of superior design.
Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. and the mulch. gray santolina 7.Santolina virens. germander 2. Landscape Architect. The number in each planting area is the key number.Teucrium chamaedrys.Santolina chamaecyparissus. has its size dictated by a rule of design.A.S.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. dwarf box . of greater size than is commonly found. Design plan of herb garden 1. A.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 'Tiny Rubies'.L.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. that of good proportion. six feet in diameter. cheddar pink 4. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. green santolina 6. lavender 5. blue hyssop 3. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. Routine clipping is required. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.
plum Prunus maritima. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. japonica. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. goat willow Sassafras albidum.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. box Calycanthus fioridus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. box Myrica pensylvanica. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. dogwood Pinus nigra. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. quince Magnolia virginiana. beach plum Corylus avellana. shadbush Salix caprea. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. honey locust Cornus florida. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. black haw Prunus americana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis.
A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. caraway thyme T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. and a miscellany of others. Lavandula. 'Doone Valley' . 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Salvia. Currently. As a rule. arcticus T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. 'Annie Hall' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. However. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. its plant material varied. doerfleri T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. Rosmarinus. praecox subsp. silver thyme T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. 'Argenteus'. herba-barona. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. leucotrichus T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful.
angustifolia subsp. vulgaris 'Albus' T. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. Mexican bush sage S.T. greggii. pine-scented rosemary R. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. autumn sage S. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia subsp. 'Clear Gold'. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. involucrata. blue sage S. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. officinalis 'Aurea'. anise sage S. golden rosemary R. English lavender L. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. ramie . alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia subsp. dentata. guaranitica. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme T. leucantha. sweet lavender L. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. officinalis 'Prostratus'. golden thyme T. heterophylla. angustifolia subsp. golden variegated sage S. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia. angustissimus. crimson creeping thyme T. praecox subsp.
balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
Hesperis matronalis. balmony. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Smith. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. constructed of brick made on the property. Cheloneglabra. used in salads or boiled. Primarily.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. The apple trees. to lure bees. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. culinary. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Prunella vulgaris. a well beside the house. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Equisetum arvense. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Sium sisarum. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. family needsmedicinal. L. which were located between the water supply. The house. for scrubbing pots. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Herniaria glabra. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. rupturewort. Circumstances determined these priorities. to sweeten the air. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. obedient plant. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. horsetail. Physostegia virginiana.
the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. too. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Today. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. while functional.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. for a few are in use now. too. < previous page page_116 next page > .
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Lagerstroemia indica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. pomegranate 3. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . Gardenia jasminoides.Allium sativum. bay 7. trumpet 11.Ficus carica. rosemary 2.Rosa banksiae. 16. Cape jasmine 10. fig 6. wisteria 13. 15.Wisteria frutescens. garlic 9. southern laciniata.Rosmarinus officinalis.Laurus nobilis.Punica granatum.Sambucus canadensis.Malus angustifolia. 1.Lonicera sempervirens. yellow 12.Pinus taeda. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Banksia rose 14.Syringa × persica var. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lonicera flava.Prunus angustifolia. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.
one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Italy. Appropriately. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. too. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. < previous page page_118 next page > . The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. The effect would be quite different without them. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Mentha pulegium.Cassia marilandica.Lobelia siphilitica.Calycanthus fioridus. saffron crocus 25. 1. yaupon pink southernwood 12. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. agrimony 58. 54.Salvia officinalis. 43. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Buxus sempervirens.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha × piperita.Rubus allegheniensis. 50.Lilium candidum. hyssop sassafras 20. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. box chamomile 9.Gaultheria procumbens.Armoracia rusticana. 68.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Vinca minor. 37. 30. blue 46. sweet 27. 42. trumpet honeysuckle 4. pot 48. American holly 16.Rosa laevigata.Sassafras albidum. 60. myrtle 53.Dipsacus sativus.Lindera benzoin. blue 44. wild ginger69. garden sage 59. horsemint lobelia 23. sweet flag marigold 24.Monarda punctata. senna woodruff 15. spearmint 62.Tanacetum vulgare. great 47. borage 31. gray santolina witch hazel 11. fuller's teasel 67. 61.Nepeta cataria. balm autumn crocus 2.Foeniculum vulgare. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Cornus florida.57. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Populus balsamifera. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Lavandula angustifolia.Pulmonaria officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Elizabeth Lawrence. basil chive 3.Asclepias tuberosa.Teucrium chamaedrys. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. clove 36. dill 39.Achillea millefolium. 38. foxglove 41. St. lemon 26. catnip 34. yarrow lungwort 22.Asarum virginicum.Punica granatum. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. peony 51.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Calendula officinalis.Symphytum officinale. tansy 65. peppermint 52.Hamamelis virginiana. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Mentha spicata.Galium odoratum.Laurus nobilis. 66.Artemisia abrotanum.Colchicum autumnale. lovage 35. sweet 64. 55. 33. sweet shrub 10.Anethum graveolens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Cimicifuga racemosa.Lonicera sempervirens.Digitalis purpurea.Ruta graveolens.Ilex opaca.Acorus calamus. 63. butterfly 32.Monarda didyma. bee balm 28. rue 56.Paeonia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Hypericum perforatum. 45.Pinckneya pubens.Dianthus caryophyllus. yellow-root 7.Levisticum officinale.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 70. mullein 49.Ilex vomitoria.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var.Borago officinalis.Crocus sativus. dogwood horehound 18.Melissa officinalis. black 29.Ocimum basilicum.Chamaemelum nobile. fennel 40. sativa.Chimaphila umbellata.Agrimonia eupatoria.Santolina chamaecyparissus. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.
< previous page page_120 next page > . Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. 1 T. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. This is true for the remedies. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. of herbs for one loaf of bread.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. preventives. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. and fragrances they developed. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. In any event. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening.
absinthe 9.Levisticum officinale. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Viburnum prunifolium. caraway 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. peppermint 18.Mentha spicata.Digitalis purpurea. blue hyssop 21. English thyme rosemary 7. catnip 16.Origanum majorana.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. tansy 11. spearmint 17.Carum carvi.Rosmarinus officinalis. lavender lovage 3.Cydonia oblonga.Lavandula angustifolia. black haw 23.Nepeta cataria. opium poppy 5.Mentha × piperita.Hyssopus officinalis.Papaver somniferum. 14. quince 24.Marrubium vulgare. sweet basil 13. horsemint 20.Artemisia absinthium.Tanacetum vulgare. foxglove 12. Calendula officinalis. apothecary's rose 22. sweet marjoram 6. garden sage 8. horehound 15. winter savory 4. 1.Satureja montana. pot marigold 2.Ocimum basilicum.Pyrus communis. English 10.Monarda punctata.Salvia officinalis.
makes it something of a focal point. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. the other 1761. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. to study it. for example the large square bed with circular path. < previous page page_122 next page > .< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. one dated 1759. and bricks raise the beds. Shaded by hop vines. The main paths of brick unify the garden. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. from early Moravian settlements. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. Some could be used singly. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. Thus it was for this garden. and if the best has not always survived. Allowed such freedom of expression. The beds are used to achieve balance. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. centrally located. often it is reconstructed. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities.
Campbell.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A. A. Landscape Architect.L. .S.
dwarf nasturtium 13. betony 82.Cnicus benedictus.Tropaeolum minus.Crocus sativus. sorrel 65.Marrubium vulgare.Ficus. love.Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia vulgaris.Levisticum officinale. lovage 9. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. daisy crape myrtle 23.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rosemary49. hollyhock 51. 81.Rheum rhabarbarum. comfrey 33.Tanacetum vulgare. rue 14. parsley 32.Rosa centifolia. lavender rose 21. 52. corn poppy 79.Rosmarinus officinalis.Inula helenium. asparagus 31. orach 76. spearmint 57. clary 30. damask coriander rose 19.Rosa damascena.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. saffron peppermint crocus 35. rhubarb 10. blue 63.Alcea rosea. Madonna lily 59. stock 50. garlic lungwort 36. virgin's bower 40. dill 73. grape larkspur 41. annual clary 3.Melissa officinalis. sweet 71.Rosa eglanteria. polyanthus narcissus 60. English thyme 2.Chamaemelum nobile.Chrysanthemum parthenium. tansy 6. holy thistle 58.Ocimum basilicum.Rosa roxburghii.Cornusflorida.Foeniculum vulgare.Gelsemium sempervirens.Asparagus officinalis. Carolina jessamine 38. 62.Borago officinalis. clove 53. yarrow 4.Tropaeolum majus. borage 5. French rose 18. chestnut rose 43. 68. marsh mallow 7. chamomile 17.Vitis.Ruta graveolens. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Atriplex hortensis. columbine 29.Dianthus caryophyllus.Salvia sclarea.Nepeta cataria. feverfew southern magnolia 27. English 78. 1.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Matthiola incana.Stachys officinalis.Celosia cristata. hop southernwood 39.Aquilegia vulgaris.Allium sativum.Rumex acetosa.Saponaria officinalis.Symphytum officinale.Lagerstroemia indica. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. blue 69. caraway 72. garden nasturtium 12.Rosa gallica.Passiflora incarnata.Narcissus tazetta.Achillea millefolium.Cercis canadensis.Armoracia rusticana.Narcissus poeticus. basil moss rose 44.Petroselinum crispum.Humulus lupulus.Colchicum autumnale. elecampane 11.Origanum majorana.Pulmonaria officinalis.Silybum marianum. cabbage angustifolia.Rosa moschata. blessed thistle 8. hyssop maypop 42. 48. garden sage 15.Scabiosa atropurpurea. 54.Coriandrum sativum.Salvia viridis. black cumin 46.Papaver rhoeas. madder 16.Lilium candidum.Rubia tinctorum.Amaranthus caudatus.Anethum graveolens. 66.77.The number in each planting area is the key number. 74.Hydrangea quercifolia.Carum carvi. balm chive 37. lemon 64. redbud 24. fennel marjoram 28. absinthe 45.Allium schoenoprasum. catnip 70.Consolida ambigua. 80.Bellis perennis.Mentha × piperita. poet's narcissus 61. horehound 56. autumn crocus 34.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. cockscomb 47.Clematis virginiana.Mentha spicata. eglantine Group.Artemisia abrotanum.Althaea officinalis.Nigella sativa.Magnolia grandiflora. mugwort67. sweet 55. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . red pepper 20.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. far from the house. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. A ravine and existing.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Although some observations may seem obvious. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Calluna (heather). and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. the western. Thus. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. This space was never adequate. First. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. The lesser the scale. Usually this is least desirable. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. The next most desirable exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. it is proper to make a trial run. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. even boggy. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. and the north point is established.
The outline is fixed. It was a pleasurable assignment. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. and the property line on the last. all four sides are so determined. The new herb garden has been located. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. a driveway on still another. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. 127 indicates. as the drawing on p. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. another is close to the rear of the house. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. and the search did not take long. Culinary herbs will fill a large.ground where drainage is better. The general outline is similar. Indeed. The. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. There is the housegarage structure on one side. but it need not be identical. single bed. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. < previous page page_126 next page > . the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. certainly not precisely the same. Then.
A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. then north. If all is well. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. In addition.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. forming the outer boundary of the service path. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. There was no . In fact. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. as in this case. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. With the plan established. this low wall will enclose the garden area. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. If. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. something is amiss. Two drawings were required to work out problems. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. the site required some leveling. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. However. In the earlier stage of planning. A structural edging was in order. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. the eight-foot length was more practical. a lapped joint was fashioned. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. At corners. Before edgings could be put in place. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. however. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. and the finished edging would be effective. However. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. not one completed in a weekend. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. this was. In this case. . eight. In this area. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. admittedly.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. had been proof of that. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Weeds. leaves. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. filling the beds with soil was next. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. for they will likely have more traffic. Unfortunately. could serve this purpose. but there are exits to different levels. Aged compost. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Heavy black plastic. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. The pattern is running bond. this same base underlies all the paths. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Paving for the terraced area is brick. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. selected for its simplicity. sand. A choice of five colors was available. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. The latter need to be more substantially paved. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. One is the ramp to the driveway. This method of treatment now guarantees .
Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. even bed for the pavers. on a trial run of one course of brick. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. worth the added cost.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. However.
With the completion of the paths. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. French drains. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. learned about decades earlier. and the steps to other levels. .< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. In this instance. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. Herbs have flourished in the beds. since that path borders the house. Sometimes called "rubble drains. the terraced area." their construction can be somewhat varied. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. converging where it was logical to do so. for it would interfere with the drainage system. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook.
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CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. for example. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. a garden plan. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. and so on. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. and so on. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. often a wall or trellis.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . albula. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. in tenths of an inch. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. is symmetrical. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. having a variety of gradations. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. not necessarily referable to botanical species. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. sixteenths of an inch. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. hundredths of an inch. casts the shadow for the hour. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. in inches. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. E EllipseAn oval. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. twelfths of an inch. Its arrow points north and. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. for example.
Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. G GazeboA freestanding. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. or colored earths. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. a patterned garden. a flat. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. its compartments filled with flowers. heated especially by fermenting manure. roofed structure usually open on the sides. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. Pea gravelSmall. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. loose. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. rounded fragments of rock.3. M ManufactoryA factory. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat.brick) in the same course. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Usually a few inches thick. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. GrindstoneMillstone. also called rubble drain. ForthrightA straight course or path.3). a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. turf. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms.
rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.
Turf seatBanked-up earth. Stone. walls. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. < previous page page_132 next page > . turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. or steps.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. called also a hose cock. TreillageLatticework for vines. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. not treelike or with a single trunk. often planted with aromatic herbs. V VarietyA category below species. snug fit for walks. ranking between species and variety. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. cutting. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. R Rose. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. W Wall.
Doran & Co. 1970. Prof. Margaret E. Aurora. Crowe. New York: Macmillan. Carpenter. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Henry. New York: E. How Plants Get Their Names.: Buckeye Printing Co. New York: Hawthorne Books. New York: Viking Press. Clarkson. Harriet Ballard. Berrall. Charlotte. Daniel J. Roses. Behme. Bailey Hortorium. 1982. London. New York: Crown Publishers. Sylvia. Herbsfor Every Garden. Batsford. Green Enchantment.: Geo. . 1976. Jot. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Greenwood. Seal. The Herb Garden. Rosetta E. Rosemary F. 1966. 1957. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. L. Dutton & Co. 1938. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. The Small Garden. Staff of. 1979. New York: Dover. Peter. 1935. John. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. London: Macmillan. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. . 1966. Alice Morse. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. New York: G. Kent: The Herb Farm. Garden City: Doubleday. Gertrude B. 1977. Bardswell. L. Foster. John E. Complements. Julia S. 14701670. 1971. Liberty Hyde. Fox. Cross. 1958. Gertrude B. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. . W. 1942. 1933. 1961... New York: Viking Press. London: Saturn Press. H. New York. S. Hanging Plants for Home. 1980. and Louden. P. London: Marshall Cavendish. 1972. Bailey. Sevenoaks. H. Edlin. Room Outside. Sydney: B. John Philip. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1951.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. New York: Macmillan. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1973. Park's Success with Herbs. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Herbals. Erichsen-Brown. Darrah. T. Helen H. Foley. British Plants. Brookes. Independence. Earle.. 1963. London: Adam and Charles Black. Helen Morgenthau. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Foster. Brownlow.C. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. New York: Macmillan. ed. Garden Design. 1944. Toronto. Agnes. Book of the Geranium. 1911. London: Country Life. 1951. 1962. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany.. Mo. Robert Lee. Putnam's Sons. Park Seed Co. Herbs and the Earth. Terrace. 1971. Frances A. Beston. and Accessories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hortus Third.. 1972. P. 1902. The Cultivated Basils. Baumgardt. New York: Macmillan. Flannery. and Garden. Coats. 1980.
: Chronica Botanica Co. Adelma G.C. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. The Berry Book. 1978. Muenscher. Eigel. Vicenza. (1st American edition trans. 1966. How to Select. New York: Harper & Bros. Lerner. Kiaer. Division Billboard Publications. Lawrence. New York: E. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1970. 1979. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1981. Frances. Howard. 1974. London: Faber and Faber. Jones. Jr. How to Landscape Your Grounds.. New York: Macmillan. Alma. The Herb Garden. Neri. Early American Gardens. Landscaping with Vines.. Waltham. Helen K. 1982. 1973. 1971. Hamel. Gardens in Winter. Rev. .: Herald Publishing Co.. Hendrickson. Plants of the Bible. Harold N. Johnson. and Chiltoskey. Books. 1976. Frederic. 1969. Loewenfeld. Grieve. Boston. Modern Herbal. Alice Recknagel. Cherokee Plants.. New York: Dover. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. New York: Macmillan. Krauss.. Co. Loyal R. and Brunello. 1975. 1911. and Back. 1951. Claire. Claire. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Roy. Eleanour Sinclair.: Livingston Pub. Flowers of the Field.. chemist. 1975. Pa. George H. Shaker Herbs. Potter. Moldenke. New York: Dover. Loewenfeld.. Brown & Co. Rosengarten. Franco. 1981. 1970. A Biblical Garden. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Myron. Johns. The Art of Dyeing. Robert. 1974. P. Norma Jean. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Mary U.. 1964. New York: Clarkson N. Hay. New York: De La Mare. N. Carol. ed. Patrick M. M. Vegetable Dyeing. Dorothy Bovee. Ireys. Philippa. Herbs. Italy. 1959. C. and Synge. London: George Routledge & Sons. The Book of Spices. Sarah. 1976. A Garden of Herbs. Toronto: Little. Walter. Miller. Bernard Hickey. Tucson: H. A. Wynnewood. 1971. New York: Crown Publishers. Simmons. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1983. Pozza.) Rohde.. New York: Doubleday. New York: Macmillan. Grow and Enjoy. Ann.. and Rice. 1961. 2d ed. Elizabeth. Edited by Clarence Elliott.Garland. Lawrence. P. 1952.. Lathrop. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. 1946. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Lesch. Roses of the World in Color. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. M. 1938. 1969. 1972. J. The Concise Handbook of Roses. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: Van Nostrand. Sylva. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Boston. Mrs. Amy Bess. New York: William Morrow & Co. Mass. Paul B. Dutton & Co. Horace. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. McFarland. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. < previous page page_133 next page > . Leighton.. New York: Viking Press. and Alma L. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications.
Marshall. New ed.A.: Garden Way.. The Fragrant Garden. New York: Simon & Schuster. Thomas. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Jack Emil Geist.L. Bleecker. Tarantino. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Marion E.A. 1953.. Mrs. Mrs. White. Thacker. James C.A. Susan W. Sandy Hicks. Robert G. Container Gardening Outdoors. Baker. Nelva M. Mrs. Mrs..A.A.. New York: St. ed. Mrs. 1979. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Pees. Bradner.S. Meyer. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Alfred L. A. Zohary. L. John Poinier. Mrs. and Mrs. New York: Doubleday. Singleton. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Barbara Capen. A. Elizabeth Lawrence. Norman. Mrs. Stearn. W. Boerner.A. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Leonard Dreyfuss. New York: William Morrow & Co.A. Graham. New York: Simon & Schuster. Indianapolis. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. . McGarry. New York.A. Griffin.. Moffit.. Mrs. William W. 1975.The Old Shrub Roses. L. 1976. Associate. Plimpton. Esther. George T. Graham Stuart. Neil Hamill Park. Lamm. L. Onward and Upward in the Garden. L.. New York: St. London: Phoenix House. 1961. 1942. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Taylor.. Diane C. Martin. 1972. Giroux. L. Hale & Co. Jr. Mrs. New York: Dover. Boston: Ralph T. Amy Bess Miller. Charles Patch. Henry Gund.A. William T.A. Margaret Osborn Holt. Mrs. Herbert G. L. The Shakespeare Garden. Madalene Hill. Building Stone Walls.A.. Virginia B. Rev. Z. Mrs. C. 1974. 1966. Martin's Press. William Y Dear. Rhoda Specht.. Weber. Melissa R. Helen Noyes. H. Charles L. Louise Beebe. ed. Jo Lohmolder. Mrs. Gannaway. Jr. Frank M. Price. 1965. Mrs. Mrs. Stuart.. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Bynam. New York: Farrar.S. A. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook..A. L. Maxton Davies. 1962. Ingersoll. New York: Bobbs-Merrill.. Peter M. John Ormsbee. William C. Vivian. James D. L. Mrs. Michael. Campbell. Bush. 1957. 1931. and Robert B.. Mrs. Leonie. William T. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Straus.L. Webster.L. Mr. 1976. Wilder. Robert K. Wilson. Vt. Sherry D... Shrub Roses of Today. Martha Dahlen. Revised by Dr..A. Cozart. New York: Hafner. 1967. Linda. Malcolm. T. Winthrop G. Philip Batchelder.A. . Martin's. Mrs. Mrs. L. Mrs.. Botanical Latin. Mrs. Charlotte.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Helen Van Pelt. Paxton. Raymond V. L..A. Berkeley Brandt.. F. Bates. Christopher. Taloumis. . Small Gardens Are More Fun. L. 1953. Climbing Roses Old and New. 1979.A. Yang. Hammond Crawford. Mrs. L. Fragrance in the Garden. L.D. A. Hines. Landscape Architecture. William Radler. George. Benjamin McF.A. 1979.R. New York. The History of Gardens. London: Phoenix House. The Fragrant Year. Donald Paxton. Morss. 1972. 1972. Smith.A. Vera Breed.S. W T. Mrs. Mrs. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.. L. and Bell. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Herbs in the Garden. Jr. A. Keebler. New York: McGraw-Hill. . Mrs. Plants of the Bible. 1982.. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Stearn. Elisabeth W. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Austin R. Katherine S. John..
Inc.H. N. Helen M. The following provided historical.C.Rady. Mich. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Lansing. Harper. Roberts. Milton C. Ark. Mrs. Booker Worthen.A. Ohio. Derthick. Greenland. Mrs. Architect. G. Semple. L. Mrs. James S. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Shaker Community... Christopher Rady. Christopher Spencer. Frederick E. Whitman. Faith H..I... Matthaei Botanical Gardens.. Walter Rebmann. Skinner. Mrs. Mrs. Linda Yang. Mrs. Ga.. L. Mass.. Milwaukee County Park Commission. L.. Western Reserve Herb Society. Kingwood Center. Linda Yang. Milton Stricker. < previous page page_134 next page > . Ann Arbor. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.C. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.A. Nathan Sameth. Weeks Brick House. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P.. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. civic. Pawtucket.. Mrs.. University of Michigan.. Mr. Cleveland.A. Atlanta Historical Society. Talbot III. Gayle. John A. N. Mich. L. L. Joe H. Edmund G. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Jean Ruh. Inc. Hancock. Matthew Miksch House. Mansfield. and Mrs. Rose. Old Slater Mill Museum. Michigan State University. Winston-Salem. Mrs. Swanson.. N. Old Salem.A. Hancock Shaker Village. Atlanta. Hales Corners. Isadore L. Bailey. Ohio. Little Rock. Lawrence Schetky. Mrs. The Country Doctor Museum. Timothy Procter Ruh. Wilcox. Eric Duke Scott. James F. Joan E. Plain Dealer Photo. Smith (Ann Leighton). Elbert Smith. R. Eloise andJo Ray.. Wisc.
Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. C. officinalis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Myrrhis odorata. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. barbadensis A. A. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Narcissus triandrus. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. maritima L. A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. E. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Y smalliana Agrimonia.
P. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. officinalis Populus. officinalis. lycopersicum. melongena var. Solanum aculeatissimum S. ludoviciana var. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. V. G. podagraria Asparagus A. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. grandiflorus Melissa M.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Lamium album Viburnum. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. false Galium aristatum. V. P. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. albula A. F. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. M. laevis Rhododendron . acerifolium. S.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. P. Mertensia virginica. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. deltoides Campsis radicans. B. coronaria . M. alpina 'Alba' A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. angustifolia. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. vulgaris A. oleracea. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. chrysantha Symphytum S. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris.
V. Italian D Daffodil M. coronaria. M. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. C. macrocarpon. pseudonarcissus miniature N. verna. V.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. alpinum R. N. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . M. B. alpinum R. sativum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. B. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. maculatum G. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. ioensis Vaccinium. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. angustifolia.
Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. obtusifolius R. lilioasphodelus. triphyllum . R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Hosta H. lilioasphodelus H. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. R. Sansevieria. D. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. frutescens C. Chrysanthemum frutescens. C. H. acetosa. A. obtusifolius Rumex R. crispus. A. rivieri. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. T officinale Bellis. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Ferocactus latispinus. x superbum Hemerocallis. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum.
arvensis. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. S. Centaurea cineraria. ragusina. Antennaria. Helichrysum. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. damascena. pungens Sambucus S. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Lychnis coronaria. Senecio cineraria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. N.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. gymnocarpa. Gnaphalium. C. N. azoricum Nigella. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. C. N.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. versicolor. P. A. usitatissimum L. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. regalis Adiantum.× germanica I. Osmunda. carica F. I. I. carica Corylus C.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. L. O. perenne .
scorodoprasum A. sativum var. odoratissimum P. grossularioides P radens P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. Pelargonium. × hortorum P. Fumaria C. lanata D. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . lutea Allium sativum A. purpurea D. × germanica Myosotis M. I. × limoneum P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. neapolitanum A. sphaerocephalum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. tuberosum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. quercifolium P. P.
glutinosum. canadense. officinale Z.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. T. abrotanifolium P. capitatum P. tomentosum P. A. scabrum P graveolens P. crispum P. P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. quercifolium P. chamaedrys T. graveolens P. × nervosum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. × jatrophifolium P. canadense T. T. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. tomentosum P. Z. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. pratensis . A. Tragopogon. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. denticulatum P. × citrosum P.
Oxalis deppei. C. C. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . nervosa V. Vitis monticola. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. M.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. torquata E. V. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E.
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
Pulmonaria . G. Ophiopogon L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. majalis Liriope. C. triacanthos G. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. W. L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Lythrum. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia.
M. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. pedatum Hibiscus. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus.blue M Mace. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. Malva. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. lucida . erecta T. erecta T. A. grandiflora M. patula Calendula officinalis T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. tenuifolia T. M. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. alcea var. erecta T. C. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. Malva.
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majorana O. S. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. aquatica var. × piperita var. vulgare 'Aureum' O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. majorana O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. citrata M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. citrata M. citrata M. crispii M. A. suaveolens 'Variegata' . heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. piperita var. dictamnus O. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. citrata. R. major. suaveolens M. requienii M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. onites O. vulgare O. O. vulgare O. Spiraea alba. × piperita var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Astrantia. odorata Achillea millefolium. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda.
rubra M. V. V. Azolla caroliniana. olympicum. × gentilis M. lactiflora Morus M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Myrtus. Myrrhis odorata. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . alba Verbascum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. vulgaris A. M. A. communis. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Umbellularia californica. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. thapsus V.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp.
tazetta Tropaeolum T. majus T. nudum. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. album L. L. V.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. V. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. minus T. poeticus N. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. P.
hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. florentina. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. vulgare var. telephium Iris × germanica var. fragrans Allium. S. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Scilla verna. C. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. cepa. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. I. fragrans O. hortensis A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. cepa A. Castilleja californica. fistulosum A. cepa.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. A. Proliferum Group A. A. O. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Indian Chionanthus virginicus. fistulosum Atriplex.
< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. crispum P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. P. patens. P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . A. pulsatilla Passiflora P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. A. crispum var.
P frutescens Catharanthus. C. annuum. C. retroflexus. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. frutescens C. Longum Group C. Marsilea Perilla. Conoides Group Capsicum. Longum Group Capsicum. roseus C. annuum. A.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Grossum Group C. paniculata P. Longum Group cone green C. annuum. annuum. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. C. annuum. annuum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Piper C. annuum. Chenopodium. Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group sweet Capsicum.
officinalis Dianthus D. P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. C. alpinus D. × paradisiaca. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. P salicina P angustifolia. angustifolia var. Silene laciniata. plumarius. nigra P strobus P taeda P. plumarius D. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. taeda P. Plantago P. umbellata var. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. watsonii P maritima P. taeda Chimaphila. M. C. Prunus japonica. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. gratianopolitanus D. americana . umbellata var. caryophyllus D.
canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . Liriodendron tulipifera P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. 0. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. balsamifera P. E. S. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. P. biennis P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. rhoeas P. vulgare Lithospermum. L. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides.
Hesperis . ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. coccineum C. A. C. sativum var. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo Portulaca. canadensis C. R. pepo C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. C. rhabarbarum R. Diplotaxis. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. P.
sativa Rosa R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rosa chinensis R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. centifolia R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana Kerria. × borboniana R. × borboniana R. damascena R. canina R. laevigata R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. Rubus coronarius R. chinensis 'Minima' R. R. damascena 'Bifera' R. spinosissima R. banksiae R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. moschata . × harisonii R. canina. gallica R.
Salvia hierosolymitana . scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Rosmarinus. × rehderana R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. microphylla S. caerula. sclarea S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. setigera R. angustissimus R. azurea subsp. greggii S. R. guaranitica S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. clevelandii S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. pitcheri S. S. rugosa R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. officinalis Limonium R.
A. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. chamaecyparissus S. P. maritimum E. virens. guaranitica S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. C. chamaecyparissus S. elegans S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. S. leucophylla S. hebecarpa. S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. T. Salicornia. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. marilandica Amelanchier . atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. montana Scabiosa S. viridis S. neapolitana S. leucantha S. S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C.
Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.
P. coggygria. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. C. P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria Cotinus. americana. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. C. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria C. nivalis Lamium album. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. V. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. G. biflorum .
sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. scutatus R. S. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. acetosa. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. H. crassipes O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . japonica Sorbaria. L. Ornithogalum arabicum. patulum. pyrenaicum. V. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. O. H. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. E. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. officinalis thyme-leaved V. R. O. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus.
M. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vesca F. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. incana M. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. floridus Philadelphus . vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. crispum T. dracunculus var. vulgare var. perennis. O. chiloensis F. C. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. vulgare var. T vulgare T.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. O. incana M. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa.
T. maritima Thymus. praecox T. × citriodorus T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . C. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. marianum S. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. arcticus T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum S. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. 'Argenteus' T. praecox subsp. A. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. laevigata Eupatorium. Silybum marianum S. E. 'Clear Gold' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. pallasianus T. phaenopyrum C. benedictus. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. citriodorus 'Aureus' T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. sylvestris D.
Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. Coreopsis Linaria. L. C. pruinosa. lycopersicum var. Physalis peruviana L. alata Lycopersicon. P. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. sanctum O. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . cerasiforme. radicans Bignonia capreolata. lycopersicum L. P. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. sanctum Tulipa T. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. praecox subsp. noli-tangere.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. lycopersicum var. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. peruviana P. I.
C. C. canina. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. officinalis Polemonium. P. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. longifolia Chamaelaucium. caeruleum Clematis. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. caprea . odorata V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. V. odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. cornuta V. Chimaphila. cornuta 'Alba' V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis.
absinthium A. caprea. I. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. verticillata Chimaphila. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Vanilla barbellata A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Stachys . wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. S. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. frigida A. nudum Isatis I. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. ambrosioides Artemisia. pontica. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. camphorata A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Corydalis sempervirens A. V. Gaultheria procumbens. annua A. gmelinii A. W.
Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. simplicissima Cladrastis. X. vomitoria I. ageratum A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. lutea. I. C. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . millefolium A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. filipendulina A. × media 'Hicksii' T. taygetea A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza.
nose-bleed. parlor m. calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow China jute. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. thousand-seal. butter-print. ageratum A. napellus Acorus A. h. lion's tail anise hyssop. monkshood flowering maple. breviflora A. h. calamus Adiantum A. monkshood helmut flower. maidenhair fern. fennel g. fragrant g. fourcroydes sweet flag. longifolia Achillea A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. millefolium A. blue giant hyssop. sanguinary. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A.. cana A. yarrow sneezeweed. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. theophrasti Acacia A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. maidenhair American maidenhair. five-finger f. pedatum Agastache A.. Indian mallow. alpinus Aconitum A. taygetea A. foeniculum Agave A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A..
bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o.. schnittlauch giant garlic . Spanish o.. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. sativum var. eupatoria Agrostemma A. Pulchellum A. alpina A..A.. senescens var. lily leek daffodil garlic. christophii A. sativum A. garlic rocambole. cocklebur. cive. flavum A. giganteum A. two-bladed o. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. sisal hemp. fistulosum A. vulgaris Allium A. githago Ajuga A. flowering o. Japanese bunching o. hemp plant agrimony. scorodoprasum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. serpent garlic chive. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. Rosenbachianum A. reptans Alcea A. karataviense A. ostrowskianum A. ophioscorodon A. schoenoprasum A. tree o. purple c. moly A. neapolitanum A. ciboule. rosea Alchemilla A.
tuberosum Aloe A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. pulsatilla Anethum A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. bugloss alkanet. shad. triphylla Althaea A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. archangel. garlic c. Oriental garlic . japonica A.glaucum A. officinalis Amaranthus A. medicinal a. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. officinarum Anchusa A. white m.. Barbados a. marschalliana A. hupehensis var. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. juneberry. tinctoria Anthriscus A. barbadensis Aloysia A. canadensis Amsonia A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. officinalis Anemone A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. sphaerocephalum A. Curasao a. bugloss windflower.. blanda A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. cerefolium chervil angelica. shadbush. caudatus Amelanchier A..
chrysantha A. European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens var. alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A.
< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. triphyllum A. kinnikinick. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . europaeum A. asarabacca wild ginger. camphorata A. gmelinii A. bear's grape. pontica A. dracunculus var. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. arborescens A. creashak green-dragon. albula A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. dracontium A. wormwood southernwood. sativa A. sea pink thrift. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. sandberry. stewardsonii Armeria A. triphyllum subsp. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. pink or white horseradish. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. virginicum bearberry. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. annua A. mountain box. mugwort. hog cranberry. maritima Armoracia A. Ludoviciana var. rusticana Artemisia A. frigida A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. mealberry. old man southernwood absinthe. canadense A. red cole sagebrush. lactiflora A.
upland cress winter cress. silkweed. talewort. s. plains f. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. Chinese silk plant. mustard . cool-tankard cole. tuberosa Asparagus A. officinalis Astrantia A. wild indigo blue false indigo. piprage beet swiss chard. wild indigo. tinctoria Barbarea B.. butterfly flower butterfly weed. ruby s. c. ruby s. hortensis B Baptista B. orach sea orach. major Atriplex A. c. pleurisy root.Asclepias A. tuberroot. vulgaris. s. mountain spinach false indigo. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. c. australis B. vulgaris Bellis B. China grass borage borage. halimus A. vulgaris Beta milkweed. yellow r. i.. wild blue i. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. rattleweed winter cress. rocket. saltbush orach. B. jaundice berry. perennis Berberis B. c. nivea Borago B. papyrifera Boehmeria B. garden o. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry.
officinalis Calycanthus C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. carpatica C. white-flowered k. microphylla 'Nana' B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice.B. eruca B. floridus Campanula C. grandiflora Calendula C. sempervirens B.. koreana B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. strawberry s.. pineapple s. microphylla var. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.
trumpet flower. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. s. persicifolia C. C. o. o.C. o. green p. o. sweet pepper. < previous page page_147 next page > . crown plant trumpet creeper. chili p. s. p. o. p. green p. p.. o. p.. bell p. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. trumpet vine. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. pimento sweet pepper s. o. p. p. o.. rapunculus Campsis C. p. p. s. p.. p. cow-itch. red p. p.
canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. frutescens Carthamus C. false saffron. marilandica Catharanthus C. shellbark h. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. carvi Carya C.. red p. Russian c.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. cristata Cercis C. Tabasco p. tinctorius Carum C. ovata Cassia C. capsicum p.. garden c.. senna. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. snakehead . safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. celandine celandine turtlehead. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle.. chili p. Madagascar periwinkle. majus Chelone cayenne p. Tabasco-sauce p. illinoinensis C. deodara Celosia C. canariensis Cedrus C. bastard s. nobile Chelidonium C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C..
limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. wax flower. rattletop black cohosh. Chinese dwarf 1. balsamita C. wintergreen. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. parthenium C. barbe-de-capuchin.C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. cinerariifolium C. alecost pyrethrum. virgilia virgin's bower. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. virgin's bower. virginiana balmony goosefoot. ambrosioides C. Meyer 1. old-man's-beard costmary. coccineum C. × superbum Cichorium C. intybus Cimicifuga C.. red-leaved chicory bugbane. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. Spanish t. racemosa Cistus C. ladanifer Citrus C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. frutescens C.. devil's-darning- . prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. pigweed Mexican tea. fat hen ambrosia. mint geranium. crispus C.. leucanthemum C. glabra Chenopodium C. feather geranium. leather flower. umbellata Chionanthus C. dwarf 1. leather flower. pyrethum. botrys Chimaphila C. wormseed. bonus-henricus C. lutea Clematis C. × jouiniana 'Mrs.. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. Robert Brydon' C. American w. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. Dalmatia p. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory.
peregrina Consolida C. red haw hawthorn English h. Venetian sumac. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. benedictus Coix C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. cneorum Coptis C. florida Corylus C. quick-set. autumnale Comptonia C. orientalis Convallaria C.. trifolia Coreopsis C. thorn. smoke plant. laevigata C. sativum Cornus C. smokebush. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. Chinese parsley dogwood. apiculatus Crataegus C. thorn apple. majalis Convolvulus C. avellana Cotinus C. arkansana C. ambigua C. tinctoria Coriandrum C.needle Cnicus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. smokebush smoke tree. coggygria Cotoneaster C.
kotschyanus C. gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. scoparius C.C. × allwoodii D. sieberi C. speciosus 'Albus' C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . sativus C. citratus Cytisus C. angustifolius C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. sempervirens Cydonia C. West Indian 1. oblonga Cymbopogon C. maritimum Crocus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. phaenopyrum Crithmum C... alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.
lanata D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. sylvestris Doronicum D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. gas plant. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. grandiflora D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. sativus D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. carnation. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. burning bush.
× versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. epimedium barrenwort. sea eryngo California poppy C. torquata Euonymus E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. Australian gum. b. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. viridis Epimedium E. J. gum tree. perfoliatum E. hyemale Eranthis E.E. ironbark. pungens Eleocharis E. jacinth. plum eryngo sea holly. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. arvense E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset.. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. Japanese medlar. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. poppy eucalypt. dulcis Endymion E. rugosum v. blueweed. sea holm. S. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. californica Eucalyptus E. japonica Eryngium E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E.
major Fragaria F. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare var. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. cyparissias F Ferula F. sow-teat s. finocchio. vulgare F. vulgare subsp. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. vulgare F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. chiloensis F. a. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. ulmaria F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. assafoetida Ficus F. alpine s. a.s. a. vulgaris Foeniculum F.s.s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.Euphorbia E. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .
dyer's greenweed. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. our-lady's-b. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. mollugo G. nivalis Galium G. gardenia. spotted c. red Robin . pulegioides American pennyroyal.F. alumroot herb Robert. Carolina yellow j. mountain tea. honey locust. field balm. woodroof yellow bedstraw.. mock p. checkerberry.. ground ivy. Capejasmine wintergreen. odoratum G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw.. runaway robin. germanica G. wild c. jasminoides Gaultheria G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. cleavers white bedstraw. maculatum G. vernalis H. tinctoria Geranium G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.. hederacea Gleditsia G. teaberry. sweet w. triacanthos Gossypium G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. Carolina jessamine Genista G. virginiana Hedeoma H. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. robertianum Glechoma G.. woodwaxen. false baby's-breath woodruff. verum Gardenia G. Carolina jasmine G.
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glabra Hesperis H. licorice plant heliotrope. cannabinus H. Indian hemp. bastard jute.. blacking plant plantain lily. angustifolium H. curry plant false licorice. giant m. turnsole heliotrope. rose m. lilioasphodelus H. sweet r. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. mallow.. lemon d. corsicus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. niger H.. orientalis Hemerocallis H.. bimlipatum j. daylily . lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. atrorubens H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. Deccan h. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. flavescens Helenium H. Deckaner h. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. Hawaiian h.. China rose. rose-of-China. foetidus H. arborescens Helleborus H. matronalis Hibiscus H... × luteola Herniaria H. bimli j. petiolatum Heliotropium H. hibiscus kenaf. garland 1. Chinese hibiscus. lividus subsp.
.-John's-wort St. box-leaved h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.H. rose h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h.-John's-wort St. navelwort gotu kola St. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. perforatum Hyssopus H. box-leaved h. crenata var. horned h. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. Burford's holly Japanese holly. I. European h. white h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. lupulus Hydrangea H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. orangeroot. asiatica Hypericum H. patulum 'Sungold' H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.
tinctoria Inula I. horizontalis creeping j.. J. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. glabra I. spotted t. yellow flag. opaca I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I.. alba Iris I. pseudacorus Isatis I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. touch-me-not jewelweed. jewelweed. 'Great Lakes' I. × germanica var.I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . capensis Indigofera I. crested i. woad dyer's woad. maculata J Jasminum J. helenium Ipomoea I. florentina I.. cristata I. tinctoria Ixia I. crested dwarf i. virginiana red cedar jasmine. water f. African corn lily corn lily orris. chinensis var. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. officinale Juniperus J. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. vomitoria 'Nana' I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. snapweed. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. wilsonii Impatiens I.
maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. paradise p. n. indica Lamium L. album L. white d. brandegeana shrimp plant J... dentata var. dumb nettle. maculatum L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. d. plume flower. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. carnea Brazilian-plume. plume plant. n. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . dentata L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. nobilis Lavandula L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L.. king'scrown L Lactuca L. angustifolia L. sweet bay laurel..Justicia water willow J. flamingo p. bay.
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hedge plant privet. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. blue cardinal flower . aestivum Levisticum L. marsh rosemary. chalcedonicum Limonium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. officinale Ligustrum L. benzoin Linum L. candidum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. statice statice toadflax spicebush.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L.. usitatissimum Liriope L. pepperwort. leonurus Leontopodium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. perenne L. summer s. sativum Leucojum L. lovage privet. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. muscari Lobelia L.
silver-dollar. maritima L. honesty. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. stellata M. virginiana sweet alyssum. grandiflora M. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. flava L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. gypsywort. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. satin flower honesty. cordata Magnolia M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. catchfly mullein pink. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. europaeus Lysimachia L. coronaria 'Alba' L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. annua Lychnis L. sempervirens Lunaria L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle.L. campion. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum var. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. coral h. money plant. penny f. moonwort.. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . vulgaris Lythrum L. coronaria L.
holly barberry. citrata M. horsemint . Scotch m.. requienii M.. imperial stock balm lemon b. alcea var.. musk m. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. × piperita M. aquatica M.. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. pineapple m. holly g. pennyroyal Corsican m. angustifolia M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. Brampton stock. menthella. lungwort bluebells. blue barberry apple. Oregon g. gillyflower. horsemint peppermint orange mint. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow.. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. hupehensis Malva M. bee b. Virginia b. American crab. longifolia M. 'Eau de Cologne' M. officinalis Mentha M. fastigiata Marrubium M.. sweet b. pulegium M. Virginia c. white h. incanum M. stock stock. bergamot m.. × gentilis M. × piperita var. mountain g. lemon m. curly m. 'Guiding Star' M.. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. vulgare Matthiola M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.. cowslip. bluebells. incana Melissa M.Mahonia M. apple m. holly mahonia. b. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.
dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . menthifolia M. Swedish m.. American m. candleberry. b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. textilis Myosotis M. red m. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. b. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. anise. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. punctata Montia M. white bee balm pink b. pink b. sylvatica Myrica M. odorata Myrtus M. fistulosa M. Greek myrtle. myrrh. swamp c. pensylvanica Myrrhis M.M. citriodora M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. Oswego tea. banana abaca. winter purslane. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sweet cicely. white b. fistulosa var. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
all-heal salad burnet. brake bracken. Jerusalem sage. golden hardhack. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. aspen.. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. widdy shrubby c. domestica P. granatum Pyrus P. sand p. Jerusalem cowslip white p.. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. angustifolia P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil .Poncirus P. nepalensis P. Americana P. brake. lungwort blue 1. hardy orange poplar.. vulgaris Prunus P. pasture b. hackmatack. cowslip self-heal self-heal. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. hog-pasture b. trifoliata Populus P. five-finger shrubby c. maritima P. veris Prunella P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. heal-all. balsam p. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. pensylvanica P. tacamahac cinquefoil. persica Pteridium P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. elatior P.
Bourbon r. dog b.. red currant. purshiana Rheum R. mountain c. dog r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. York-and-Lancaster r. typhina Ribes R. sativum Rosa R. canina R. pie plant. fairy r. brier r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. eglantine. × borboniana R. moss r. rose. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. ficaria Reseda R. pygmy r. garden c. chinensis 'Minima' R.Quercus Q. . China r. autumn damask r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant.... banksiae R.. sweetbrier French r. small c. crowfoot lesser celandine. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. eglanteria R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. pilewort mignonette weld.. gallica damask r. 'Cinderella' R. cabbage r. garden r. moss r. gooseberry alpine c. brier Banksia r. luteola Rhamnus R. alpinum R. stellata R Ranunculus R.
bitter d. chinquapin r. Harison's yellow r. snowdwarf memorial r. rosemary white r. obtusifolius R. polyantha r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. sorrel. dock s. rugosa R. moschata R. prairie r. tinctorum Rubus R. burnet r. madder bramble blackberry. Japanese r. r. spinosissima R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r.. Turkestan r.. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. wichuraiana R. garden sorrel broad dock. chestnut r. climbing r.. prostrate rosemary. angustissimus R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R.. French sorrel rue . setigera R. acetosa R. roxburghii R. Cherokee r. golden p. musk r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. × rehderana R.'Officinalis' R. Scotch r. rosemary pine-scented r. laevigata R. hirta Rumex R. 'Schneezwerg' R. × harisonii R. climbing r.
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caerula S. involucrata S. microphylla S. canadensis willow. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. greggii S. elegans S. purple sage baby sage garden sage.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. garden s. guaranitica S. leucophylla S. gray sage. caprea Salvia S. golden g. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. viridis Sambucus S. clary annual clary elder. variegated garden s. osier goat willow. leucantha S. purple variegated garden s. argentea S. s. pussy willow sage. s. elderberry American e. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. bloodroot red puccoon. sclarea S. American e. clevelandii S. Mexican bush s. purple g. bloodroot rue .
neapolitana S. live-forever houseleek.. virens Saponaria S. jasminoides S. canadensis Sansevieria S. good-luck plant. trifasciata Santolina S. tectorum Silybum S. mourning-bride stonecrop. hen-and-chickens. pinnata S. St. lucky plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. marianum Sium S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. atropurpurea Sedum S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. live-forever houseleek. officinalis Sassafras S. hortensis S. albidum Satureja S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious.. devil's tongue. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. sisarum Solanum S. roof h. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. hemp plant snake plant. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. orpine donkey's tail orpine.. pincushion flower pincushions. mad apple . Mary's t. telephium Sempervivum S. melongena var. blessed t.Sanguisorba S. sweet s. milk t.. morganianum S.
comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. big m. lilac . laciniata Persian lilac S. woundwort lamb's-ears. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. patula melongene.. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. Aztec m. hedge nettle. erecta marigold African m. byzantina S. vulgaris 'Addie V. americana Stachys S. officinale S. lutea Stokesia S. grandiflora S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. californica Sorbaria S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. reticulata var.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. laevis Symphytum S. officinale Syringa S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. sorbifolia Sorbus S.. × persica var. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a.
tansy tansy.. carnosus T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. occidentalis Thymus T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. vulgare T. yew conical y. crispum Taraxacum T. filifolia T. fruticans T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. dwarf m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. procumbent g. culinary golden lemon t. marum Thuja T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T.. columnar y. germander American g. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. canadense T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. 'Argenteus' T. vulgare var.T. dense y.. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. officinale Taxus T. . signet m. 'Broad-leaf English' T. lucida T. sweet mace French m. wood sage germander dwarf. upright y. lemon t.
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glabrescens T. richardii subsp. lanatum Trifolium T. leucotrichus T. serpyllum T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. creeping t. odorus t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. nummularius T.. nitidus T. woolly thyme creeping t. pratensis Trichostema T. doerfleri T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. lemon t. t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. . jasminoides Tragopogon T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. confederatej. praecox T. herba-barona T. not culinary French t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. wishbone flower. zygis Torenia T. praecox subsp. caraway t. red c.. crimson c. pallasianus T.
'Sweet Harmony' T. blattaria V. canadensis Tulipa T. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. speedwell. 'General de Wet' T. laevifolium Valeriana V. Indian cress dwarf n. water-lily t. kaufmanniana T. blueberry.Tropaeolum T. 'Blizzard' T. huckleberry. serpyllifolia nasturtium. clusiana T. red s. officinalis Verbascum V. bitter Indian garden n. velvet p. tawny orange t. tarda T. olympicum V. cranberry. farfara U Urginea U. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. pale yellow Darwin t.. angustifolium var. squill. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. nettle stinging n. mullein mullein. majus T. tall n. officinalis V. . 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. early. dioica V Vaccinium V. maritima Urtica U.. minus Tsuga T. flannel plant. thapsus Veronica V. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. species t.
Vetiveria V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. heartsease pansy. zizanioides Viburnum V.. tricolor V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. ladies-delight.. withe-rod vetiver. lutea 'Splendens' V. maple-leaved viburnum.. prunifolium Vinca V. heartsease. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. sheepberry. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. nannyberry. minor Viola V. running m. myrtle. cassinoides V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. khus-khus. arrowwood. lesser p. violet dog violet horned v. carlesii V. odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. sweet h. × wittrockiana Vitis V. canina V. possum haw . acerifolium V.
ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . Adam's-needle. officinale ginger true ginger.
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