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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
build it. carefully chosen. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. responded with delight. and the experience provided the final section of the book. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. wheedling. especially poetry. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. and I have had the pleasure of advising. This they did. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. successes. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. bereft of hope. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Their energy and charm caught me up. and the publisher. Ginny had done some writing. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. This was not to be. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Again they revised. and record every detailall of the failures. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. more of them exist to serve as examples. With false starts and honest stops. Then. It needs no sequel. punching. whether all their labor was to no avail. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. for they had no model and no guide. with sparkling enthusiasm. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. seven years ago. The turning point came when. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. alterations. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. pushing.
Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. although countless common names exist. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Likewise. we completed a test garden. or by contributors. without accompanying commentary. the authors." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. 1969 and 1980. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. rather. . It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. To achieve this. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. The herb garden designs alone. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. We. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. and educational purpose. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. A range of essential factors is considered herein. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. English thyme. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. historical interest. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. degree of maintenance required. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Not all plants used are herbs.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. while others were prepared by landscape designers. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Italics are always used for botanical names. specialty. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. former generic names. by their owners. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. and these are capitalizedfor example. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein.
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She has served. president. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Alexander Apanius. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. which made possible the completion of our text. former director of same. Nell Neff. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden.. has been especially helpful over the years. Wanda Ritchie. Keebler and the late Everest P. has given us valuable information. FAITH H. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. and Rexford Talbert. too. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Derthick. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Isaacson. Alice Skelsey. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. His assistant. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. have also been of assistance. and the horticulturist. as expediter and typist. Lee Buss. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Special thanks are due James C. Recognition is due Robert B. Rady. Swanson and Robert B. The late Raymond C. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . always encouraging us to stay with our project. former managing editors. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. past presidents. Jo Lohmolder. and Joanna Reed. Trudi Bela. M. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Genevieve Jyurovat.D. and Elizabeth Bryce. A lecturer on herbs. Finally. Susan Frugé. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Richard T. We are grateful to many. Weatherhead. librarian. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Eleanor Gambee. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Herbert J. and August Frugé. Betty Rea.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
As one constantly reinforces the other. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. fences. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. As Henry Beston reflects. and hedges will have been located. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. the north point will have been indicated. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. a front dooryard. If no . Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. partially excavated area. "Not difficult to plan. new plants. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. Its interest is independent of flowers. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. new ways of seeing. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. and structures. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. some of which are evergreen. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. "A garden is the mirror of a mind." A good design does not "happen. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Perennial herbs. to increase the value of the property. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. In order to create a fine garden design. and decisions must not be left to chance. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. lay out a plan of the property. or an abandoned. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. temples of worship. not at all difficult to maintain.
and hedges.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences. Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. measurements are in engineer's scale.
< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. measure to locate the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. and the driveway. will give the lot or acreage measurements. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. too. measurements are in engineer's scale. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. In this example. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. The object is to . A deed description. Other areas may require a smaller scale. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. In the absence of a survey map. too. to locate the house. Next. such as the one illustrated here. other significant structures. Here. but with all needed information. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements.
roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. enclosures. and unusual land features noted. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. triangleof inexpensive plastic. The tools needed for drawing are few. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. < previous page page_3 next page > . and parallel lines.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. lines at an angle. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. paths. The smaller the scale. shrubs. driveway. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently.
and holly. However. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. In some cases. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. old smokehouse. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. and stone. yew. With the plan on paper. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . A toolhouse. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. garage. or summer kitchen is ideal. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. gazebo. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. In the designs that follow. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. In the absence of a structure." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. bayberry. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. and hedges of hemlock. brick. greenhouse. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. One basic rule is the higher the wall. Upkeep. iron.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
Whatever the reason. annual painting is a necessity. For example. When used with a hedge. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. or. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. box. At first. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. If used. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. such as bayberry. yew. as an example. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. so give them much thought. Allow adequate room within the row. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. When this reinforcement is understated. elegant box. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. or natural. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. In some climates. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Gates are part of the enclosure. or pressure-treated lumber. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. a temporary garden that may be changed later. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Stone. Rosemary. Styles are legion. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. railroad ties. used for dry wall or masonry construction. too. however. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. and their styles are countless. Brick is the all-time favorite material. the garden design is most attractive. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. and rosemary. some deciduous and some evergreen. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. landscape timbers. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Lower cost is an advantage. deeply evergreen. holly. it will seem too sparsely planted. but the results will confirm this course. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. cut stones. Equally important is proportion. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. if wood is the material of choice. . compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. for example. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. bricks. Generally. gray surfaces are found. whether it will be rocks. painted. If desired. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Where air circulation is much needed. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. as in outdoor room dividers. for reinforcing the design. they can be made to order. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Stained. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area.
there is a necessary. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. Conversely. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. awkward and unsafe.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Choose the path material equally for comfort. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. their use no less than comfortable. too. or red. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. There are. however. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. rosy pink. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Paths must be ample. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. and maintenance. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. It is a general rule that the less the riser. the greater the tread. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. because they are just that. but should be compatible with. cost. The colors are various: terracotta. A width of four feet allows room for turning. appearance. Access paths. making the design more evident. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. If groups are walking through. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Step materials need not be the same as. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. for example. . The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .
shrubs. bark or pine needles can be used. and many good references are available. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. they should not shade the herbs too much. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. shad Malus coronaria. prepare a planting plan for each. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. too. With these recommendations in mind. If the garden is made up of separate beds. This. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. heather Chaenomeles speciosa.) To avoid having a slippery surface. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. a soft-lead pencil in hand. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. When they mature.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. serviceberry. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. is an enjoyable experience. a result being hazardous footing. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. They are easily renewed as they break down. or trees to be considered. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan.
Do use a soft-lead pencil. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. It needs. it is easily read and easily erased. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Often this center of interest is a sundial. or whatever is best in your case. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. such as the one illustrated here. Sept. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. one-half inch equals one foot. noting well their growth habits. lemon thyme. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Artifacts As with other gardens.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. 'Mount Hood daff. a focal point is customarily used. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . for example. for example. however. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. too. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. whether they are invasive or tall growing. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock.
Again. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. It is then in scale with its frame. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. the height of a fence to the house. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. If a statue less than life-size is used.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. a niche of its own should be created. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. < previous page page_9 next page > . It is this aspect of design that some consider most important.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. the designs have a decorative north point. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference. Except for two. that of good proportion. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. However. a stylized drawing of an ovary. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
Origanum majorana. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.A. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. or other structure.Viola tricolor.Satureja montana. 16. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Satureja hortensis. bee balm 13.S. 7. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 1. The rules of symmetry are observed.L.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 5. 26. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum. 22. 6. A. The first number in each planting area is the key number. With color and texture considered for contrast. which is used here in relation to a garage. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. dill cerasiforme. Foeniculum vulgare. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. lovage 17. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. rose 24. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. 3. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. arcticus 27. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. 4. salad burnet 12. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. Landscape Architect. summer 23.Thymus praecox subsp.Lobularia maritima. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. sweet 25. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. Lavenders accent the front corners. lemon balm .Allium 11. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. fennel 2. 21.Pelargonium graveolens. 14. lemon 15. a fence.Galium odoratum. sativa.Melissa officinalis.
chive 18. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Origanum heracleoticum. leek 9. Chrysanthemum balsamita. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .8. Pelargonium × limoneum.Petroselinum crispum var. 19. curly parsley 10.Porrum Group.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. dwarf garden 20. costmary 'Albus'. Greek 28.
Pelargonium graveolens. 1. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. . bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. perhaps overgrown with weeds. 9. white 20.Lavandula angustifolia. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. 12. 13.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. fennel English lavender geranium 4. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. lemon verbena 21.Foeniculum vulgare. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 11. 18.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 17. curly parsley sativa. bush basil 3. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda didyma. summer 10.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. as was done here. Petroselinum crispum var.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium tomentosum. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Allium schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. French tarragon 2. rose 19.
Thymus × citriodorus. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . eglantine 23.Rosa eglanteria. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. 14.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 16. English thyme dill 8.salad burnet 6.Heliotropium arborescens.Galium odoratum. English'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Origanum majorana.
lemon thyme 10. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Origanum majorana. . The garden is conveniently located. dill 2. making the beds larger and the paths wider. 1. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. still observing a scale. The image would soon give way to other considerations. sweet marjoram 3. 13.L. lovage 15. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. however. parsley 5.S.Salvia officinalis. English thyme Greek oregano 4.Mentha spicata. Japanese yew 17. Origanum heracleoticum. spearmint 16. 9.Artemisia dracunculus var. 7.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.A.Chionanthus virginicus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus. The number in each planting area is the key number. however. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Even in limited space.Allium schoenoprasum. A. garden sage 8. salad burnet 14. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. sativa. summer savory 11.Petroselinum crispum. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Levisticum officinale. and the plan could be used at a front door.Poterium sanguisorba. Then the design might need to be expanded.Taxus cuspidata. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Satureja hortensis.
Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil chive 12.6. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .
This is an intimate garden. The number in each planting area is the key number. fennel 19. Monarda didyma. 30. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. sweet violet 16. summer 21.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Polemonium reptans. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Convallaria majalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. bee balm 14. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.Stachys byzantina. 8.Humulus lupulus. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. 32. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 18. garden sage 17. cinnamon fern 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon thyme 28. Christmas fern 5. the challenge is obvious.Polystichum acrostichoides. salad 20. The long. fraxinella 15. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Digitalis grandiflora. yellow 29. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 13. Viola odorata. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.A. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. A. hop sativa. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. 7. Jacob's-ladder 3.Primula vulgaris.Asarum canadense. 31. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. blue lungwort 26. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. 25. lavender marjoram 2.Thymus × citriodorus.S. 9. wild ginger 27.Osmunda cinnamomea. 1.Allium ampeloprasum.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. 6. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. leek Foeniculum vulgare.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Dictamnus albus. 33. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Origanum majorana. Landscape Architect.L.
Canada hemlock Standard'. 35. yellow bedstraw 23.Galium odoratum. sweet 34. winter savory 24. French thyme woodruff koreana.savory germander Willmott'. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Sorbus americana.Satureja montana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Buxus microphylla var.Tsuga canadensis.lilac 10. crispum.Galium verum. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Korean box 11.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. French'.
This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Origanum heracleoticum.Rumex scutatus.Petroselinum crispum var. Even so.Aloysia triphylla. One of the beds. 1. geometric design. dill 10. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Surprisingly.Salvia officinalis. neapolitanum. it became part of the patio. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. this design can be an inspiration. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. devoted to a "yearly surprise.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. Italian parsley . garden sage 20. lemon verbena 2. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. 19. To be placed near the kitchen. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. It is a pleasing.
17. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. crispum.Satureja hortensis.Satureja montana. lemon balm cicely 6. purple basil 4.Melissa officinalis.Borago officinalis.Petroselinum crispum var. salad 15.Poterium sanguisorba. chive 25.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 13. English thyme bush basil 8.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.3. curly parsley 22. sweet 14.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garlic chive 26. Alpine strawberry 7.Allium tuberosum. summer savory 23. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Allium cepa Aggregatum group. chervil marjoram 21.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Myrrhis odorata. sweet 18.Origanum majorana. French tarragon 5. lemon basil 9.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Ocimum basilicum 12. winter savory 24. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var. borage 'Purpurascens'.Anthriscus cerefolium. basil sativa.
it is full of interesting angles. scented-leaf geranium 2. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. too. English thyme lemon thyme 11. geometric design. the work paths could be eliminated.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. sweet 13. 1. 19.Hyssopus officinalis. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. gray .Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. English lavender 10. purple basil 4. As a whole. it is an unusual. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Pelargonium in variety.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 14.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus × citriodorus. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. D. green santolina 12.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. To increase the planting area. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. so. Created in an orderly way.Stachys byzantina. blue 22.Galium odoratum. lamb's-ears 20.Satureja montana. sweet cicely 23. winter 21.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Santolina virens. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. The center beds here were established in this way.C. rosemary 3.
American southernwood holly 17.Salvia officinalis.Ilex opaca.Myrtus communis.Marrubium vulgare. clove pink 7.Artemisia abrotanum. germander 16. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys. French thyme santolina 15. horehound24. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . classic myrtle 9. silver mound artemisia 18.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.6.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Artemisia camphorata.
sweet woodruff 5. which adds its impression of warmth. Galium odoratum. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Ocimum basilicum. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var. Job's tears 11. blue hyssop 2. pot marigold 24. lemon balm 22. borage 23. gray santolina 13. Coix lacryma-jobi. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. sativa. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. winter savory 16.Rosmarinus officinalis. Sometimes space is limited. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. yarrow 12.Satureja montana. casts the shadow for the hour. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Its arrow points north and. Lavandula angustifolia. 1.Calendula officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis.Melissa officinalis. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Borago officinalis. absinthe 26.Artemisia absinthium. English lavender 6. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. rosemary 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. too.Tanacetum vulgare. This center of interest is of particular note.Santolina chamaecyparissus. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. arcticus 21. this herb garden is secluded. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Achillea millefolium. tansy 25. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.Chamaemelum .< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. purple basil 3. French tarragon 14. sweet basil 4.
garden sage 19.Origanum vulgare. pineapplescented sage 9. chive 18.Syringa.Carya illinoinensis. sweet 29. costmary 'Albus'.7. Salvia officinalis.Symphytum officinale. marjoram pecan 10. wild marjoram 28. white creeping thyme nobile. variegated garden sage 8. Salvia elegans.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. scented-leaf 27.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . chamomile 17.Pelargonium in variety.Origanum majorana. comfrey20.
resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 34. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 7. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Ipomoea alba.Ruta graveolens. sunken into the ground. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. lovage 22. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. parsley 17. 4. 30.Salvia officinalis. true ginger16.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. 5. sweet cicely 37. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. purple basil Zingiber officinale. summer 32. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. rue 31. sativa. 19.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Anthriscus cerefolium.Apium graveolens. 9. dill 20. chervil 15.Pelargonium graveolens. French sorrel 21. When controlled in this way.Artemisia dracunculus var. garlic Levisticum officinale. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Melissa officinalis. 3.Galium odoratum. 29. 6.Pelargonium × limoneum. 8. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. blue 23.Marrubium vulgare.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. rose geranium 2. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Allium sativum. 36. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. 18. hyssop Meyer lemon . horehound 33.Myrrhis odorata. lemon balm 35. The more invasive ones. for example lemon balm and spearmint. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. 1.Teucrium chamaedrys.
English thyme 26. dwarf nasturtium 13. French thyme 24.Origanum heracleoticum. bush basil 14. lemon verbena 11.Tropaeolum minus.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Japanese yew 39.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Aloysia triphylla. lemonthyme 28.Thymus × citriodorus.Magnolia virginiana. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . Greek oregano 12.Mentha spicata. salad burnet 25.Poterium sanguisorba.10. sweet basil 38. spearmint 27.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.
< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. however. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. but." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. a quick way to ensure good drainage. < previous page page_22 next page > . Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. whatever the reason. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. simplify!. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. "Simplify.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 17.The number in each planting area is the key number. aloe Grossum Group.Origanum majorana. 26.Lindera benzoin. summer basil savory 7. spicebush absinthe French'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 12. sweet 25. lettuce 10. sweet 15. tansy 11. parsley 2. garden sage 3. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Petroselinum crispum.Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare.Ruta graveolens. bell pepper 6.Capsicum frutescens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Salvia officinalis. 18.Satureja hortensis.Thymus praecox subsp. 16. spearmint 21.Impatiens capensis. 1. dill 13. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . jewelweed24.Galium odoratum.Allium fistulosum. 14.Mentha x piperita. lemon 22.Monarda didyma.Hedeoma pulegioides.Anethum graveolens. arcticus.Allium schoenoprasum. bee balm 19. rue 20. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Lactuca sativa. peppermint 23. French tarragon 5. balm sativa.Mentha spicata.Artemisia absinthium.Aloe barbadensis.Rosmarinus officinalis.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
encloses this plan. horizontally laid bluestone. Perovskia abrotanoides. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. too. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. 1. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium in variety. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. 8. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. germander 7. arcticus 14. Russian 13. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A low wall of brick. faced and capped with random. French thyme 2.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. Thymus praecox subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. .Teucrium chamaedrys.
withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . white creeping thyme 5.Hamamelis virginiana. lemon balm hyssop 12.Viburnum cassinoides. lemon thyme 10.Campsis radicans.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. trumpet vine 16. St.Santolina neapolitana 4. Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 3.Melissa officinalis. lady's6. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. witch hazel 18.Galium odoratum.Alchemilla vulgaris. blue 11. crimson creeping thyme 9. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp.-John'swort 17. arcticus 'Albus'.
The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. However. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. holly. the shrubsyew. Germander is a proper edging here. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. however. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. box. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. < previous page page_28 next page > . The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. lilac. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. It is. Although this is not a large garden.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
cottage pink 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens.Salvia leucophylla.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. sweet violet 19.Stachys byzantina.Myrtus communis. blue horehound hyssop 3.Teucrium chamaedrys. dwarf crested iris 39. lady's. 32. Marrubium vulgare. lavender 22. 18. woolly thyme 7. rue 6. crimson creeping thyme 31.Artemisia frigida. Japanese holly 42. sweet cicely17.Eloise & Jo Ray. sweet albula. Simkins'. prostrate rosemary 13. Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja montana.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. 26. broom 40. green 27.Ruta graveolens. fraxinella 33. red creeping thyme 10. 12.Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata. Japanese holly 47. arcticus 'Coccineus'.20. dwarf box 41. Thymus praecox subsp. Heliotropium arborescens.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. orris 38. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Anemone pulsatilla.Iris cristata. 1.Borago officinalis. classic myrtle 15.Artemisia ludoviciana var. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. Japanese yew 44.Syringa patula.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Cytisus supinus. winter 29. 21. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. florentina. Viola odorata.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. mint silver mound artemisia 25. Alchemilla vulgaris.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Salvia sclarea. arcticus 'Albus'. clary 30.Thymus praecox subsp.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lilac 45. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . mantle chamomile 5. fringed wormwood 16. 23. alpine strawberry 8.Artemisia camphorata.Hyssopus officinalis. germander 36.Santolina pinnata 34. gray sage savory 14.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. santolina alpine pink 28.Comptonia peregrina.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf privet 48. white hyssop 4.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb'sears 35. white creeping thyme 37. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Dictamnus albus. Mentha requienii. Corsican 24. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. columnal yew 43. 9.Iris × germanica var.Chrysanthemum coccineum.
an herb garden. Other paths are brick. The direction a path takes can add interest. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. a cutting garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. and one has an inset for a garden seat. and a vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. a running bond pattern. while adding to the enclosure of the area. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. This hedge. as is true here in the vegetable garden. < previous page page_30 next page > .
Landscape Architect. A. .< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L.A.S.
Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. yellow 24.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Teucrium chamaedrys. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Ribes alpinum. double white peony of-Persia 12. white 'Bouquet'. 55. lemon thyme 40. blue 27. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. blue iris 9. Aquilegia chrysantha.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. germander 39. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. summer 34. lamb's-ears 49. Dictamnus albus. 14.Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. alpine strawberry 3. bush basil 41.Magnolia virginiana.Galium odoratum. candytuft Standard'. Campanula persicifolia. French thyme 7.Thymus × citriodorus.Digitalis grandiflora. winter savory 44. sweet 51.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. Louise'. pale 28. cottage pink French'. York-andLancaster rose 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 37. garden sage 56. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. yellow epimedium 15.Hemerocallis × luteola. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Origanum majorana. 32.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Achillea taygetea. sweet marjoram 45. sativa.Ocimum basilicum 54. 22. 47.Satureja montana. Anethum graveolens 23.Stokesia laevis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 50.Allium schoenoprasum.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. blue hyssop 43. French tarragon 8. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. green santolina 42. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. Stokes' aster 31. 53. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . yellow daylily sweet bay 19. yellow 35. Christmas 48.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Salvia sclarea. helenium 4. dill wishbone flower 5. lavender 18.Petroselinum crispum var.Limonium latifolium. 52.Salvia officinalis.Lilium candidum. verbena rose chive 11.Stachys byzantina. Rosmarinus officinalis.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Polystichum acrostichoides.Allium christophii. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Santolina virens.Pelargonium in variety. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. fraxinella 26. plantain lily 2.Hyssopus officinalis. 1. clary 46. statice Solemacher'. starsMaxima'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. lemon 29.Aloysia triphylla.Helleborus niger.Origanum heracleoticum.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.
The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. as in this case. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. a retaining wall or walls are needed.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. < previous page page_32 next page > .
yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. bee balm 24.Solanum pseudocapsicum. Stachys byzantina.Aloysia triphylla.45. English 44.Tanacetum vulgare var. borage 26. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. sweet 23. Landscape Architect. 1.Galium odoratum.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Viola odorata.Alchemilla vulgaris. spearmint 41. Ocimum basilicum. crispum. Monarda didyma. 42. Melissa officinalis. Borago officinalis.Iris pseudacorus. lady's43. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. lemon 22.A. 21.R.Mentha spicata.A. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Allium schoenoprasum. F. lemon verbena 46. lamb's25. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. .Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus × citriodorus. The number in each planting area is the key number.Iris cristata.
salad burnet 10. rue 51. 52.Rosa × rehderana. catnip 50. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia elegans. Proliferum Group. southernwood 31. fennel 35. 40.Marrubium vulgare.Petroselinum crispum var. Poterium sanguisorba. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . flowering dogwood 15. 57. sweet marjoram 28.Allium tuberosum. dill 34. curly parsley oak 17. curly mint 30. leek 49. polyantha rose 12.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. Egyptian onion 11. horehound neapolitanum.Cornus florida.Allium cepa.Crataegus arkansana. savory sativa. mullein chive 47.Quercus stellata. summer 32.Vinca minor. 33.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Satureja hortensis.Nepeta cataria.Petroselinum crispum var. carpet bugleweed 8.Capsicum frutescens.Artemisia absinthium.Origanum heracleoticum. Porrum Group. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Ruta graveolens.Dianthus caryophyllus. pink hawthorn 16.Anethum graveolens. post crispum 'Banquet'. 56.Artemisia abrotanum. pennyroyal 54.Mentha pulegium.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Salvia officinalis.Origanum majorana.Allium ampeloprasum.Foeniculum vulgare. Greek 53. tabasco senna pepper 20.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. citrata. rosemary 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garden sage 36.7. French tarragon holly 13. Ajuga reptans. orange mint 29.Verbascum thapsus.Artemisia dracunculus var. wild 39. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. 37. absinthe English thyme 27. garlic chive 48. pineapple38.Elaeagnus pungens.Cassia marilandica.Mentha × piperita var.Allium sativum. myrtle 58. clove 55. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.
inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. and vinegars. < previous page page_34 next page > . However. Although this is a northeast exposure. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. sleep pillows. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. mothproofing bags. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.
Pelargonium graveolens. American rosemary arborvitae 34. florentina.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var. round-headed garlic 46. purple basil sage 11. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. garden sage 2. 24.Allium sativum var.Tropaeolum minus.The number in each planting area is the key number. southernwood 9. chive 43. 49. bee balm 30. garden 'Purpurascens'. Roman 20.Ocimum basilicum 27. Egyptian onion 42. lilac 32.Thuja occidentalis.Salvia officinalis. balm valerian 15. winter 29. daylily in variety 41. French tarragon 10.Alchemilla vulgaris. bay 48.Valeriana officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. peppermint geranium 40. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. dwarf savory garden sage 13. lettuce in variety 25.Rumex scutatus. blue hyssop 35. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 50. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. Ruta graveolens.Pelargonium fragrans. orris 17. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Tsuga canadensis.Galium odoratum. tansy 16. rue 26.Allium sphaerocephalum. nutmeg geranium 39.Allium cepa.Iris × germanica var. crispum.Agastache foeniculum.Hemerocallis. 1.Pelargonium × limoneum. Poterium sanguisorba. salad 22.Levisticum officinale. lemon 31. dwarf nasturtium 37.Monarda didyma.Salvia oficinalis. Artemisia pontica.Pelargonium tomentosum. 'Monge'.Hyssopus officinalis . lemon 18. 19. 'President Poincare'. Thymus × citriodorus.Rosmarinus officinalis. Proliferum Group. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium moly. Hallock'. Petroselinum crispum var. burnet lovage 6.Laurus nobilis. costmary 5. sativa.Mentha spicata. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Melissa officinalis.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. 23.Allium schoenoprasum. 21. lily leek 44. Lactuca. anise hyssop 14. lavender 7.Allium pulchellum 47.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. pot 28. lemon verbena 36.Salvia elegans. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Satureja montana.
with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. < previous page page_36 next page > . shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. is the focus of the middle level. A simple knot. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Invasive. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level.
Satureja hortensis.Foeniculum vulgare. white thrift 24.Monarda didyma. sativa. houseleek 45. valerian 5. 1. thyme 3. bee balm 26.Poterium sanguisorba. fennel 25. pineapple mint 22.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. foxglove 4.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia elegans. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Armeria maritima. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. dwarf winter savory 2. summer savory 43.Sempervivum tectorum. Digitalis purpurea.Marrubium vulgare. French tarragon 44. salad burnet 23. golden thyme . pineapplescented sage 47. Valeriana officinalis. horehound 46.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.
Myrrhis odorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 55. dwarf edging box 21.Lavandula angustifolia. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. parthenium. fraxinella 8.Helleborus orientalis. pink 62.Agrimonia eupatoria. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . Madonna cicely lily 12. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Galium odoratum.Echium vulgare. garden 42. sweet 37. 39.6.Laurus nobilis.Ruta graveolens.Artemisia absinthium.Rosa chinensis.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. rue 31. pot 35. 33.Ocimum basilicum.Hyssopus officinalis. clary 48. absinthe 53.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Eranthis hyemalis.Lilium candidum. dyer's woad 7. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Sium sisarum. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. angelica Lenten rose 10. yellow 41. lavender Christmas rose 11.Rosa eglanteria. English 52.Origanum majorana. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Anemone pulsatilla. germander 56. Isatis tinctoria. 40. Salvia sclarea. white 58.Helleborus niger. 61. skirret 60. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Salvia officinalis.Calendula officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. winter bugloss 'Albus'. pink 59. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. feverfew climbing rose 16. sweet 32.Crocus sativus. 38.Galium verum.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Levisticum officinale. rosemary 28. sweet 50. sweet basil sage 27. 54.Chrysanthemum 36. annual clary 51. Dictamnus albus. Angelica archangelica.Symphytum officinale.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. French'.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Salvia viridis. China rose comfrey 19. viper's 34. marigold chive 15. 30. blue hyssop 57.
and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. < previous page page_38 next page > . Carya ovata. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. and the shagbark hickory. There is variety in this plan. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. However. even though space is limited. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs.
Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .
butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. germander Agastache foeniculum. rue Cornusflorida. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. stewardsonii. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. angelica Mondarda didyma. Asarum canadense. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis.Arisaema triphyllum. Canada Isatis tinctoria. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. Marrubium vulgare. chive Ilex opaca. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. Adiantum pedatum. box Ruta graveolens. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. green santolina Primula veris. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. dogwood Salvia sclarea. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. Poterium sanguisorba. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. sweet basil Satureja montana. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. lamb's. French Galium odoratum. red mint . anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. borage Petroselinum crispum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. sativa. Artemisia absinthium. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. Aloysia triphylla. box Buxus sempervirens. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. flax Buxus sempervirens. box Carya ovata. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. valerian Rosa damascena. citrata. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale.Galium verum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .
Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. unplanned look was desired. this excavation. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. < previous page page_40 next page > . it is open on the side facing the house. For this appearance. A clump of birch here. too. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. A singular statue of St. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. However. An informal. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. first intended for the construction of a cottage. is on a sandy knoll. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. a dipping pool there.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Origanum vulgare.Anethum graveolens.Consolida orientalis.Teucrium canadense. myrtle 14.Armeria maritima.Anthriscus cerefolium. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 36. marsh 42.Pelargonium denticulatum. lemon balm 44. pennyroyal 46.Chrysanthemum 80. pineapple3. golden 37.Marrubium vulgare.Melissa officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. Sempervivum tectorum.Mentha × piperita.Convallaria majalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Angelica archangelica. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Vinca minor.Digitalis grandiflora. horehound mallow foxglove 16. woolly thyme 13.Achillea tomentosa. 61. 59.Petroselinum crispum. peppermint 47.Mentha × gentilis. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Artemisia abrotanum. sweet 71. 76. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Pelargonium graveolens. 'Prostratus'.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. rose geranium 10. French'.Salvia officinalis.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. rose bergamot valerian 25. Johnny-jump-up54. 32.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus herba-barona.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. creeping juniper 26. 12. sea onion angelica 24. purple basil 9. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 8.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata. 33. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Myrrhis odorata. Ruta graveolens.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. 70. 77. Iris × germanica var. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 67.Monarda didyma. fern-leaf tansy 23. 31. garden sage lungwort 57.Allium favum lovage 22. lemon 35. Thymus × citriodorus. 63. 52. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium crispum. 79. orange geranium 11.Monarda fistulosa.Rosa 'Merry England'. mint 50. blue 2.Pelargonium quercifolium.Satureja hortensis.Ajuga reptans.Pelargonium tomentosum. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 34. spearmint 45. orris chamaecyparissus. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Thymus praecox subsp. bee balm . red mint 48.Chelidonium majus. 53.Nepeta cataria.Coriandrum sativum. 38. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 78. winter savory 20.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Valeriana officinalis.Satureja montana. pot 66. 60. 58. 68.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Salvia elegans. 74. apple mint 49. 75. chive crispum. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Hyssopus officinalis. thrift55.Urginea maritima. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Origanum onites. 72.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Viola tricolor. 69. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 65.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha pulegium.Glechoma hederacea.Santolina florentina.Lavandula angustifolia. celandine cicely 18. 1. gray scented sage santolina 4. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Levisticum officinale. 64.Althaea officinalis. rue 29.Allium schoenoprasum. Thymus praecox subsp.Betula papyrifera. feverfew 27. wild 43. wild 51. catnip 73. 30.Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. white birch English lavender parthenium.Mentha suaveolens.
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< previous page page_42 next page > . perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the same as the smokehouse construction. the accents of the six large box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Because of the edging box. making it more a part of the herb garden. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. is used for the wall. Foundation stone. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. and the two small trees. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.
. A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L.A.S. Landscape Architect.
Ocimum basilicum 24.Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. rosemary 3. Corsican 33. 41.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. 21. lemon 34.Ocimum basilicum 30.Crocus. orange mint 19.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. European ginger 4. 39.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata. pineapple mint 18. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. bee balm 29. dwarf edging box 14. 40.Alchemilla vulgaris. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. chive comfrey curly mint 8. 1.Mentha × piperita. summer 25. 47.Ocimum basilicum 32.Galium odoratum. fringed 43. 44.Aloysia triphylla.Levisticum officinale.Allium giganteum. 31. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . 22.Myrrhis odorata. box 'Citriodorum'. winter 42.Artemisia frigida. white 23. Dictamnus albus.Chrysanthemum 28. Pelargonium graveolens.Pulmonaria officinalis. English 'Minimum'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha × piperita var. sweet 26. lady's. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 37. lemon 36. Lavandula angustifolia. 35.Viola tricolor. 27.Tanacetum vulgare var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. sweet cicely45. Origanum majorana.Fritillaria imperialis. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. fraxinella 17.Artemisia dracunculus var.Crataegus laevigata. balm citrata.Buxus sempervirens. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. lemon basil 15.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Lilium candidum.38. lovage 46. verbena English thyme 5.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Symphytum officinale. blue angelica lungwort 20. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Satureja montana. sweet marjoram 2.Mentha requienii. 'Purpurascens'.Prunus domestica.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. spearmint 48. purple basil sativa.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Asarum europaeum. balsamita. species in variety crispum. Satureja hortensis.
and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Lowgrowing. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. too. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. a soil retainer. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. The dipping bowl. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. This hedge. Instead. although it is ample at four feet. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. the dwarf box edging. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. two specimen shrubs. This is true also of the stone curbing.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. pink of Dianthus. < previous page page_44 next page > . and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving.
< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.A.L. A.S. .
17.Narcissus triandrus var. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Crocus speciosus. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. Stachys byzantina. angel's-tears 59. Spanish bluebell 16.Crocus tomasinianus. thyme 29. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Galium odoratum. 50.Crocus kotschyanus.Crocus angustifolius. marjoram crocus 7. sweet 47. sweet 27. 45.Digitalis grandiflora.Levisticum officinale.Mentha × piperita var. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. sweet 55. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. 1.Galanthus nivalis.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. black cohosh windflower 15. 2.Sternbergia lutea.Allium giganteum angelica 11. 46.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Thymus herba-barona. Madonna 63. 49.Narcissus asturiensis. 52.Tulipa clusiana. 44.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Cimicifuga racemosa.Teucrium canadense. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. spearmint 48.Myrica pensylvanica. 40.Hamamelis virginiana.Helleborus lividus subsp.Lilium candidum.Angelica archangelica. 26. rue25.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. borage 31. caraway thyme albus.Anemone blanda.Salvia sclarea.Dicentra spectabilis.Mertensia virginica.Pelargonium in variety.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. verbena snowflake 19. 61. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 36. winter savory 39.Leucojum aestivum. Thymus doerfleri. 58. lamb's-ears 28. tulip citrata.Thymus × citriodorus. 51.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Nepeta mussinii.Mentha × piperita.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana. 56. orange mint 8. arcticus 30.Tulipa kaufmanniana. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. gray 22.Helleborus niger. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. golden thyme41. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. angustifolia 'Nana'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Borago officinalis.Allium christophii. 43. white 42.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. Compactus'.Aloysia triphylla. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Convallaria majalis. prostrate rosemary 18. green santolina 37. 53. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. catmint 35.Pelargonium in variety. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon 60.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. 20. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Mentha spicata.Heliotropium arborescens. lemon 33. American 38. Salvia officinalis. Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum.57. clary 32. lily. 'Lanuginosus'. arcticus 34. 54.
The results have been most satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. very livable and profoundly satisfying. First. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Second. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Morning sun warms it early. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.
wild celery 42.Allium neapolitanum.L. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Tagetes 'Lulu'. 1.Salvia officinalis. Landscape Architect.Salvia sclarea. 'Lambrook Silver'.Artemisia lactiflora. Artemisia absinthium 24.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. clary thyme 22.Apium graveolens. English thyme 43.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. lemon 21. Porrum Group. The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 4.Crocus sieberi.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. French tarragon 5. marigold 41.Tulipa tarda. 26. Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia dracunculus var.S. absinthe sativa. tulip 45. woolly thyme 3. leek 46. Ocimum basilicum. crocus 44. 25. sweet basil 23. Thymus × citriodorus. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. A.Allium ampeloprasum. Beauty'. . Thymus praecox subsp.
weed chive 48. 32. 29.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 8.Stachys byzantina.Allium senescens var.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Dictamnus albus.Galium mollugo. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. lovage 34.Nepeta × faassenii. 58. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Santolina virens.Tropaeolum minus.Aloysia triphylla.Cornus florida. alpine 28. 39.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. curly parsley 20. 54. catmint 53.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia camphorata. viola holly 18.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.foxglove 7.Levisticum officinale. American elderberry 15. Viola odorata.Clematis 'Mrs. sweet 37.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. fraxinella 36. clematis 11. American marjoram Yellow'.Ribes sativum.Ilex opaca. 56.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. lemon 50. green 40. red currant gray santolina 13.Digitalis grandiflora. monkshood upright yew 17.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. great 31. Lavandula angustifolia.Ipomoea alba. lobelia Sherbert'. dogwood 19. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Lobelia siphilitica. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. bee balm foxglove Choice'. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Achillea filipendula 60. pale 49.Crataegus phaenopyrum. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. lamb's-ears 52. white evergreen azalea 16.Asclepias tuberosa.Dianthus × allwoodii. pink 30. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Malus hupehensis.Aconitum napellus. butterfly 47. yellow 55. blue 38.Origanum majorana.Allium schoenoprasum. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. Robert verbena Brydon'.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
even though the growing area is not extensive. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The four herb beds. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. an impression of Sol in it. are raised with bricks on edge.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Well-drained as they are. repeats again the octagonal form. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A birdbath of copper. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Rosmarinus officinalis. Galium odoratum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. rosemary 33. Stachys byzantina. clove pink 10. 28. catmint 6. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Artemisia absinthium. gray 'Prince of Orange'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . lemon 41. 27.Joan E. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Thymus praecox subsp. curly parsley 32.Mentha spicata.Santolina 25. lamb's-ears 17.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. angustifolia.Nepeta mussinii.Mentha × piperita. lemon 30.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. 1.Salvia officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 36. spearmint southernwood 5. bush basil 23.Pelargonium graveolens. dill 18. sweet woodruff 9. silver mound artemisia 8.Salvia sclarea. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender 15.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Allium tuberosum. crispum. sativa.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. peppermint 4. Artemisia dracunculus var. 16. sweet basil 22.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English thyme horehound 2. white creeping thyme 12. 19. heliotrope 31.Pelargonium tomentosum. 43.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus × citriodorus.Marrubium vulgare. absinthe 20. purple basil 24. French tarragon 7.Pelargonium denticulatum. variegated garden sage 37. 42.Petroselinum crispum var. golden variegated garden sage 38.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum. thyme salad burnet 40.Heliotropium arborescens. curly mint 3.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Pelargonium crispum. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Anethum graveolens. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Ocimum basilicum. Semple. clary 21. lemon 39. 29.Ruta graveolens. rue 35. Artemisia abrotanum. orange santolina geranium 11.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Lavandula dentata.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. lavender pine geranium chive 13. French 26. prostrate rosemary 34.
In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. too. A birdbath may replace the pool. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. if neither is available. lemon verbena. A suitable fence. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. and lantana are a few. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. rose geranium. < previous page page_52 next page > . rose. a toolhouse. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
rosescented geranium 17. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . gray santolina chamomile 14.Aloysia triphylla.Chamaemelum nobile.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1. zonal geranium 19.Artemisia absinthium 11. 7.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. sweet santolina marjoram 6. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. verbena ambrosia 4.Heliotropium arborescens.Tanacetum vulgare var.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum majorana. Thymus praecox subsp.S.Thymus praecox subsp. geranium 16. The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. crispum.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 13.Thymus × citriodorus. bush basil 5. Landscape Architect.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. arcticus 'Albus'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium frutetorum.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. lavender 3. heliotrope 21.A.Santolina virens. woolly thyme 15.Chenopodium botrys. white creeping thyme 2. lemon 10.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. 9. lemon thyme 20. fern-leaf tansy 8.L. green 12. absinthe 'Minimum'. A. zonal geranium 18.
These can easily obliterate a design. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Angelica. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. the design is clearly traced. Box and holly enclose it all.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. a sundial. apothecary's rose. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. artemisias. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. a deep mauve to others. mints. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. but the design itself has endured forty years. Hyssop hedges define the circles. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . box. As the snows melt. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. The dwarf box frames the focal point.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
garden sage Christmas rose 10.James D. Tropaeolum majus.Origanum onites. lamb's-ears 33.Thymus praecox subsp.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Monarda fistulosa. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. green.Helleborus orientalis. 58. skirret 53.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Sempervivum tectorum.Vitis.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. white dead 49.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. thrift 41. 65.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet European ginger cicely 3. 62.Pulmonaria officinalis. Graham.Galium odoratum.63. gray 37. nasturtium 28.Allium schoenoprasum. Canadian burnet 13.Perillafrutescens.Reseda luteola. wild 52. florentina. white 66.Sium sisarum. grape fennel 19.Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Lamium album.Helleborus niger. butterfly weed35. 1. 'Albus'. arcticus 39. sweet woodruff45.Iris × germanica var.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia camphorata.Astrantia major.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. fern-leaf tansy 5.Syringa. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Alchemilla alpina. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. yew Beauty'.Buxus sempervirens. rue 23. arcticus 40. rosemary 25. germander 43.Thymus praecox subsp. weld 54.Pyrus communis.Myrrhis odorata.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. chamomile 31. alpine 60.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. 26. dyer's woad 9. leaf geranium French lavender 8. orris box 22. 67. piney 44. 55. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. bronze 64. marjoram lungwort crispum. perilla 51. sweet 27. green santolina 24. masterwort 69.Isatis tinctoria.Asarum europaeum. southernwood 2. white creeping thyme French'. Santolina virens. valerian 6. dwarf edging box 21.Valeriana officinalis.Taxus. Satureja montana. clove pink 29.Alchemilla vulgaris. 56. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. feverfew 14. crimson creeping thyme 18.Symphytum officinale. blue 50. absinthe 34. lady's-mantle 46. Pelargonium in variety. Chamaemelum nobile.Santolina neapolitana 36. Rosmarinus officinalis. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. Dianthus caryophyllus.Sedum telephium.Armeria maritima. pot bergamot marjoram 7. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. lilac 70.Arisaema dracontium.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Foeniculum vulgare.47.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Asclepias tuberosa. French thyme Madonna lily 16. blue hyssop 42.Lavandula angustifolia. scented. winter savory 32.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lilium candidum.Tanacetum vulgare var. 59. Origanum majorana.30.Paeonia officinalis.Lavandula dentata.Stachys byzantina.Artemisia absinthium. arcticus 38. 48. orris 57. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Hyssopus officinalis. daffodil 17.
on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. with buds of red. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. If there is room for only one rambler rose. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. include this one. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. At the top of the steps. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. The brick edging around each bed is a help. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Rosa 'Albertine'. In addition to the brick edging around each. rising from the courtyard. However. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. but no panacea for the maintenance required. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. < previous page page_56 next page > . Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. The large. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. pink. They are small specialty beds. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned.
subsp. lavender 4. English thyme . rhubarb 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. caraway 24. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. 22. angelica 20. 1.Melissa officinalis. bush basil 43. tansy Bois'. foxglove 39. 23.Rheum rhabarbarum. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tanacetum vulgare. alpine strawberry 3. Carum carvi. Lavandula angustifolia. winter savory 41. Angelica archangelica.Satureja montana. lemon balm 42.Borago officinalis. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden sage 40.Thymus × citriodorus.
45. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. prostrate rosemary 16. salad 7. silver 27.Dianthus Victoria'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. blue hyssop 25.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.R. var. citrata. thyme frutescens. clove pink Mammoth'.R. rose 28. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. 29. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. Hyssopus officinalis. borboniana 'La Reine 14. curly parsley 26.Marrubium vulgare.Satureja hortensis.Chenopodium 55. cheddar pink 53.R. 54.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. 31.Artemisia dracunculus 44.R.Chrysanthemum 46.Poterium sanguisorba. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.R. pot 50. musk rose 12. marguerite chive 9.Calendula officinalis. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Salvia elegans. 36.Lavandula dentata. muscosa 15.Chrysanthemum.R. 56. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. French 33. sweet 37. 35.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. pineapple34.Aloysia triphylla. Thymus 'Argenteus'.6. centifolia.R.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum majorana. Irish-lace 48. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Laurus nobilis. centifolia var.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. Consolida ambigua.Anethum graveolens 47.Pelargonium. geranium in 30.R. Mexican tea 18.'Albertine'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Pelargonium graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum.Tagetes filifolia.Mentha × piperita var. French'. lemon 51. bourbon rose 10.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.sativa. 49. centifolia 'Cristata'.'Baronne Prevost'.
The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Laid in an unusual pattern. as it should be. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Balance is augmented. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. too. and the access to it is surfaced with brick.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. It is near the house. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. < previous page page_58 next page > .
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
arcticus 'Albus'. dwarf edging box 8.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 19.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop 13. 24.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Anethum graveolens. rosemary yellow viola 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. green 22.Allium schoenoprasum.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. sweet basil 14. The number in each planting area is the key number. angustifolia 'Munstead'. 21. santolina moss rose 7.S.L.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. double white peony 5. Landscape Architect.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 16. 23.Satureja hortensis. A. English thyme signet marigold 11. white creeping thyme 4.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Origanum majorana. 20. heliotrope 3. dill 9. 17.Santolina virens. chive lemon verbena 6.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis. lavender 2.Ocimum basilicum.Aloysia triphylla.Heliotropium arborescens. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . English'. gray 15.Myosotis sylvatica. Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.A.
potted lemon verbena. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. too. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Herbs. and the grape arbor. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. < previous page page_60 next page > . Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The grape vines. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. and a comfortable. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. winter pruned. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. the fence with roses. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon Linum perenne. purple variegated garden sage 4. conical yew rosemary 1. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. BED II germander BED IV 2. three. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Valeriana officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. 3.Amsonia tabernaemontana. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Nepeta mussinii. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Iris cristata. Stachys byzantina. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. marsh climbing rose. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Althaea officinalis. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Aloysia triphylla. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Galium odoratum. sweet climbing rose. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Teucrium chamaedrys. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis.
gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Delphinium × belladonna. lemon Anemone hybrida. houseleek in variety 7. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . lavender 10. catmint 5. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. plume Baptisia australis. Thymus. creeping thyme in variety 8. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. tuberosa 6. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. fairy rose Giant'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Sempervivum. lemon thyme 9. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Chamaemelum nobile. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. beach Marrubium vulgare. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. Rosmarinus officinalis.
Either it flourished too well. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. planted in bands across these beds. its detail is shown below. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Herbs. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. and bright green in the herb beds. magnolia. Another angle could be tried with these. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Later. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Ivy. blue green. if desired. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. myrtle. grew too large. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . holly. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. this was replaced with ''edging" box. silver. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. tend to broaden the width of the garden. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 22. Ruta graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Hedera helix.Tanacetum vulgare. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Levisticum officinale. 44.Thymus praecox subsp. thyme 37. sweet 34. dwarf 21. lamb's. 6. ears rose geranium 3.Monarda didyma. lime geranium 4. 25. 28.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Chamaemelum nobile.Satureja montana. purple garden sage 7. lemon 29.Ilex opaca.Laurus nobilis.Buxus sempervirens 14. French thyme 39.Magnolia grandiflora. bayberry balm thyme 13.Thymus doerfleri.Rumex scutatus. horehound germander 17.Thymus carnosus. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. purple basil savory 35. salad 43.Teucrium chamaedrys.Mentha suaveolens. 33.Mentha spicata.Thymus × citriodorus. French 27. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Artemisia dracunculus var.Poterium sanguisorba. winter 'Purpurascens'. Tropaeolum minus.Pelargonium fragrans. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. borage 26. English'. bee balm30. Stachys byzantina.Thymus herba-barona. box chamaecyparissus.19. woolly thyme 8.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. silver-king artemisia 23. caraway thyme 40. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. bay rosemary 12. Ocimum basilicum 24.Myrica pensylvanica. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. tansy 45. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Melissa officinalis.Origanum majorana.Marrubium vulgare. English thyme chamomile 2. lemon 46. sweet woodruff 36. American holly 31.Pelargonium graveolens. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. dwarf edging box 11.Vinca minor. gray santolina 15. English ivy burnet 10. 1.Pelargonium × nervosum. arcticus 'Albus'. 'Minimum'. lovage 48. thyme 38. 49. rue 20.Galium odoratum. white creeping thyme 41. spearmint 42. Borago officinalis. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. myrtle 47. bush basil albula.
and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. The use of flagstone. brick. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. and treessome of which are espaliered. < previous page page_64 next page > . potted shrubs. There is variety in the walks. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. standards. too. accent this prime focal point even more. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. It is located for the best viewing. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. The four potted bay. adding to the space for walking. maypoles. It is a large garden. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. too. Laurus nobilis. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here.
musty oakscented geranium 5.Calendula officinalis.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Thymus × citriodorus.Viola tricolor.P.P. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . love-in.P.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Johnny-jump.Chenopodium botrys. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. pot 52.odoratissimum. 49. 26. 25. wild 28. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.P. 51. apple English thyme up geranium 3.50.quercifolium. lemon 29. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. fragrans. Satureja montana.acerifolium. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. 1.P.Nigella damascena.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. winter 27.53.
pheasant's.72.Thymus praecox subsp. crispum 'Minor'. chamomile 8.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. crowfoot 70. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Thymus serpyllum.P. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Anethum graveolens. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. golden lemon thyme 7. English lavender 32. salad 42.Artemisia dracunculus var. 62.Viola odorata.Forsythia. glutinosum. lime geranium 55. lemon geranium 56.Poncirus trifoliata.Achilleafilipendula. 71.Fragaria vesca. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.P. 44. garden sage 54. radens.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Malus angustifolia.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Mentha pulegium. lemon 47. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.P.Livingston'. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . 64. 41. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. camphor-scented geranium 69.Origanum dictamnus. crispum.Mentha.Petroselinum crispum.Monarda didyma. Chamaemelum nobile. orange geranium 23. rose geranium66.Marrubium vulgare. bay 20.Allium schoenoprasum. Rosmarinus officinalis. fern-leaf 60.P. dill 36. wild thyme 31.P. graveolens. peppermint 67. box 19.P.Melissa officinalis.6. bee balm 63. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Aloysia triphylla.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Myrtus communis. bronze 38. Hyssopus officinalis. pine crispum. 57. lemon-rose geranium 22. denticulatum.Lavandula angustifolia.Tanacetum vulgare var. lemon balm 45. classic 21. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.P. lettuce 40.Poterium sanguisorba.Acorus calamus. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Allium senescens var.Pelargonium crispum. forsythia 'Albus'. sweet flag 16. fern-leaf 'Nana'. French tarragon Rose'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lettuce 39.P.Artemisia abrotanum. denticulatum 11. cherry tomato chive 17.P. white creeping thyme geranium 68. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.× nervosum. arcticus43. horehound 46.Salvia officinalis. sweet 37. lemon 65.Malus.P.P. 58. strawberry 48. tomentosum. radens 'Dr. blue hyssop 10.Salvia caerulea.Laurus nobilis. lemon geranium 33. rosemary 9.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P.Origanum majorana. parsley 35.Levisticum officinale. 61. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.P.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.
In keeping with this feeling. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. too. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. and Allium karataviense. green santolina. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. This is a large garden by any standard. < previous page page_66 next page > . Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Artemisia dracunculus var.Santolina chamaecyparissus. wormwood fennel 2. apple mint 13. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon schoenoprasum. chive 4.Satureja montana.Salvia officinalis.Liriope muscari. 8.Artemisia frigida.Hyssopus officinalis. garden sage 18. winter savory 9.Thymus praecox subsp. gray 10. Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus. big blue lilyturf 12. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens.Allium sativa. green santolina 14. arcticus. 1.Allium moly. dwarf garden 17.Salvia officinalis. fringed 7.Florence B.Allium christophii. 15. lemon 11. Baker.Foeniculum vulgare. blue hyssop 16.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
< previous page page_70 next page > . this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. the upper deck. Many herb gardens could provide this. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. for the box after new spring growth. the circle. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the square. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. and the front porch of the house. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
lemon 8.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Italian cypress 9.Chamaemelum nobile.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . winter savory 4.Satureja montana.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf myrtle 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cupressus sempervirens. lavender 5. chamomile 2. viola 3.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. 1.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Cedrus deodara. dwarf edging box 7.
< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. as it was with this plan. Paths are gravel. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. from Peter Coats.. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Coin with Tudor rose design. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Roses. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
wild thyme 5.Buxus sempervirens. lemon balm 31. winter 32. earth 24. blue hyssop 2. absinthe peppermint 8. clove20.Lavandula angustifolia. 25. Hyssopus officinalis. yellow flag 26. English daisy 36. salad burnet 10. classic myrtle 18.Viola odorata. spearmint 30. sweet violet 6.Iris pseudacorus. Eryngium maritimum.Bellis perennis. caraway 35.Carum carvi.Satureja montana.Fumaria officinalis. saffron lily crocus 12.The number in each planting area is the key number. lettuce 28. Dianthus caryophyllus. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Myrtus communis.Anemone pulsatilla. 34. Origanum majorana.Ruta graveolens. sweet marjoram 3. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. Chamaemelum nobile.Lactuca sativa. 19. Foeniculum vulgare.Lilium candidum. Malva sylvestris. rue 33.Petroselinum crispum. Madonna 23. fennel 21.Fragaria vesca. rosemary 16.Primula elatior. 1.Mentha spicata. pot marigold 15.Aconitum napellus.Rosmarinus officinalis. chamomile 4.Calendula officinalis.Viola tricolor. parsley 29.Crithmum maritimum. oxlip 17. 22.Poterium sanguisorba.Primula vulgaris.Melissa officinalis. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . monkshood27.Mentha × piperita. Thymus serpyllum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. mallow 13. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Crocus sativus.
most of the blooms are nightscented. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. Selected for this reason. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden." Concrete blocks. white blooms and woolly. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. plumed. white. spurred. silver mound. However. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . its tufted. but Always Love. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. along with a measure of fragrance. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn.
Dictamnus albus. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Lilium candidum.Marrubiam vulgare. Stachys byzantina.Galanthus nivalis. 'Albus'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.19. 17. pink 15. petunia 30.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lamb's.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. sweet 31. white .Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Dianthus 'White Lace'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. horehound 2. Thymus 'Argenteus'. silver mound artemisia 3. white 32. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. 1. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. silver 16.
Artemisia absinthium.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Hesperis matronalis. 26. white stock absinthe 10.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Polianthes tuberosa. western mugwort 7. white 27.6. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Ipomoea alba.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. daffodil 35.Artemisia ludoviciana. rose 41.Salvia sclarea. lavender 12.Chrysanthemum parthenium. tuberose 36. moonflower 39. Viola odorata. needle florentina.Convallaria majalis. clary 24.Artemisia ludoviciana var. sweet violet 20. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . 23. Adam's.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. tulip 38.Artemisia stellerana.Iris × germanica var.Lunaria annua. Yucca filamentosa. beach mugwort wormwood 9. white 22.Malus 'Guiding Star'. rose 40.21. tulip 37. Artemisia lactiflora.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. 25. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. 28.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. orris 8. dame's honesty rocket 14.Matthiola incana. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. albula.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.
Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. related to an old mill reconstruction. This herb garden. textures. Many of these herbs lack the hues. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. required their use as an educational adjunct. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Rather.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. < previous page page_76 next page > . Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
dyer's broom safflower 6.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Indigofera tinctoria. dyer's 31.Genista tinctoria. Sansevieria trifasciata. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Galium verum. broad 42. lily. sumac poke 17.Rudbeckia hirta.Convallaria majalis.Dipsacus sativus. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. 35. flax 21.Rhus typhina. sisal 27. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Cladrastis lutea. weld 57. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. 20. stinging nettle44. sweet 49. 37. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Isatis tinctoria. bee 36. 29.Tagetes patula. St.Agrimonia eupatoria.Carthamus tinctorius. Musa textilis. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Rubia tinctorum. Gossypium hirsutum.Tagetes erecta.Crocus sativus. African 45. 39. peach bracken sorrel 19.Pteridium aquilinum.Genista germanica. henequen marigold bearberry 8. 43. queen.Rumex obtusifolius.Anchusa officinalis. Boehmeria nivea.51. 1.Morus rubra or alba.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. privet marigold 15.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Prunus persica. saffron crocus marguerite 3. 22. ramie 24. blueberry 13.Furcraea hexapetala. 48.Allium cepa. yellow 55. Hibiscus cannabinus.Urtica dioica. 34. alkanet 52. madder 54.Berberis vulgaris.Ligustrum vulgare.Sanguinaria canadensis. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Hypericum perforatum. Scotch broom hemp 7. woad Susan laevifolium. black-eyed 50.46. 53. 28. Agave sisalana. 23.38.Viburnum acerifolium.Cytisus scoparius. fuller's 30.Cotinus coggygria.Parmelia conspersa.Hydrastis canadensis.Reseda luteola. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 26.. Linum usitatissimum. Abutilon theophrasti. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Rumex acetosa.Coptis trifolia.Monarda didyma. 32. 47.Mahonia aquifolium. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. golden 40. goldthread 41.Chelidonium majus. Manila 25. French 33.Anthemis tinctoria.Phytolacca americana. garden 56.Solidago species. onion China jute 4.Coreopsis tinctoria. Agave fourcroydes.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Galium odoratum.Filipendula ulmaria.
by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Elsewhere. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. A totally appealing edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. as well as the roses. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. < previous page page_78 next page > .
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
25. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. rambler 20. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Belle Amour' 6. Alfred de Rougemont'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. rambler 19. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Sombreuil'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 18. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Legras de St. 24. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. cl. 'American Pillar'. cl. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 1. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 22. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Queen of the Prairies'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Seven Sisters'. cl. cl. 23.
abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. Circles and angles provide interest. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. The notch of four square feet.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. melongena 1. lycopersicum var. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. Petroselinum crispum var.B. C. crispum 'Banquet'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. cepa Proliferum Group. leek 5. 32. annuum 'Mosaic'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.A. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.A. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. celery Bed 9. graveolens var. ruby swiss chard var. 22. 28.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.A.S.B. garlic chive 44.Cichorium intybus.B.S. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. dulce 47.L. red-flowered kale 6. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Apium graveolens var. eggplant 43. 25. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. kohlrabi Rock'.C. C. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.B. red 37.A.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.B. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.C.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. tuberosum. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. annuum 'Red Boy'. oleracea 'Green Parade'.sativa 'Ruby'. white-flowered kale 49.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. 24.A. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. dulce 50. celery Group.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. 29. annuum 'Fips'. shallot Lakes'. annuum 'Teno'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. C.B.B. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. C. melongena 2.B. annuum 'Variegata'. curly eggplant parsley 23. 30. 48. annuum 'Nosegay'.C.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. dulce 'Utah 5270'.A.A. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. red 38.A. giant garlic var. 39. Beauty'. C. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. C. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. C.B. annuum 'Golden Bell'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.B. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . 27. scorodoprasum.C. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. oleracea 'Red Acre'. chive 42. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.C. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. Boerner. 45. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. oleracea 'Prima'. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.Solanum melongena var. 40.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.A. Capsicum annuum var.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. 26. graveolens var. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. graveolens var.C. schoenoprasum. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. sprouts celery 8. annuum 'Pinocchio'. pear Purple Vienna'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. celery I 31.B.L.esculentum 'Long Black'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. annuum 'Black Prince'. cherry tomato 34.
arcs. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and golden thyme. All of the circles. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. for each is a complete entity. When viewed from the terrace above. winter savory. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
P. P.' lemon geranium 23. Livingston'.P. Satureja montana. P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. golden 11. 19. Landscape Architect. crispum 'French Lace. 29. Assoc. 12. Marshall. winter 13. apricot geranium28.P. gooseberry geranium 24. 15. Teucrium chamaedrys.P.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . crispum 'Prince Rupert'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. maple-leaved 18..P. Santolina virens. rose-scented geranium 4.Ilex glabra. orange geranium 8.× nervosum.P. oak-leaved geranium 16. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. lime geranium Rose'. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. crispum. lemon geranium 22. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.P. scabrum. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. rose geranium 27. acerifolium. Santolina chamaecyparissus. A. 17.S. odoratissimum. × domesticum 6. germander crowfoot geranium 21. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. tomentosum. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P. inkberry geranium 9. radens 'Dr. green 14.Melissa R. The number in each planting area is the key number. graveolens.Myrica pensylvanica. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 1.P.P. × nervosum 'Torento'.P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P.P.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. peppermint 26. grossularioides. P.A.L.
A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed.Lavandula angustifolia. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. or marble chips." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. Maintenance is high for a knot. 1. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. . Its interspaces can be mulched. closed knot design. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. which is framed with a brick edging. For the knot to look its best at all times. blue hyssop 3. sand. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. To ease the care for a more complicated design. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern.Hyssopus officinalis. was planted using edging box only. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. especially when it is blooming. filled with plants that have contrasting color.Santolina virens. English lavender 2. and growth to the plants of the knot design. texture. such as a dwarf edging box. on page 37. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.
crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 4.Thymus praecox subsp. green santolina 2. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 1.Santolina virens. gray santolina 3.
Thymus praecox subsp. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. the height of the edging.T. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. creeping thymes.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.officinalis 'Tricolor'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. white 7. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. caraway thyme 9. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. praecox subsp. 'Munstead'. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Teucrium chamaedrys. The knot material is maintained at six inches. fig 4. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. variegated garden sage . 8.T. which is found more often out in the open. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. 1. In another departure from the usual. herba-barona. lavender Japanese barberry 5. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. arcticus 'Albus'. Some maintenance is required for clipping. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Rosmarinus officinalis. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. purple variegated 11. which are confined to that area.S.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. gray santolina 2. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium canadense. lavender .Santolina chamaecyparissus. American germander 3.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
germander .Teucrium chamaedrys. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. setting it off admirably.
2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
pleasing color. which are also laid on edge. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. adding another facet to an appealing design. a complement for the colors of the plant material. < previous page page_88 next page > . The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. again laid on edge. each one a quarter-circle. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 16.Salvia argentea.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf 12. candicans. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. blue sage 13.Stachys byzantina. grenadin pink chamomile 4. French lavender 3. golden marguerite 25.Perovskia atriplicifolia. woolly yarrow 23.Artemisia frigida. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. Russian sage 24. silver horehound 19.Allium senescens var.Artemisia arborescens. glaucum 11. lavender 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Leontopodium alpinum.Anthemis marschalliana. lavender 8. rue 21.Salvia clevelandii. samphire14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helichrysum angustifolium.Dianthus × caryophyllus. dwarf gray santolina 20. tree artemisia 26. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. tree germander 22.Teucrium fruticans.Marrubium incanum. 18.Crithmum maritimum.Lavandula dentata var. curry plant 7.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Santolina neapolitana 10. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. silver sage 15. 1.Anthemis tinctoria. lavender 5. 17.The number in each planting area is the key number. fern-leaf yarrow 27. silver thyme 6. gray santolina 2.
Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. sweet marjoram. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Some are rosemary. The color of the container plays a lesser role. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. thyme. < previous page page_90 next page > . A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. oregano. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. and the savories. basil. are without number. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. lady's-mantle. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. If one is familiar with herbs. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. As with other plant material. which include hanging baskets. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. Styles of containers.
< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.
visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. LandscapeArchitect. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. However.L. Of course supervision is necessary. < previous page page_95 next page > . A. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.A. such an outlay would be unwarranted.S. If children's interest is not sustained. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.
with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. These are ''old roses." selected for their greater fragrance. Instead of benches on the patio. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. too. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. A sundial can be fun and also educational. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. < previous page page_96 next page > . they are easily handpicked. Just keep a garden design for children simple. Children in this age group can help with the construction. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried.
.S.L.A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. A.
French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . 20. ophioscorodon. dill pennyroyal 11. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Salvia officinalis. English lavender 7. Borago officinalis. dyer's bush basil woad 9. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. glaucum 31. 1. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. crispum. American 21.Anethum graveolens. alpine strawberry 3. 13. catnip 27.Petroselinum crispum var. pot marigold 8. southernwood 5.Allium tuberosum. garden sage 24.Lavandula angustifolia. Nigella damascena. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. ambrosia 2.Rosa gallica.Allium sativum var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Dianthus plumarius. dwarf 6. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium senescens var.Hedeoma pulegioides.Nepeta cataria.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa damascena. Petroselinum crispum var. lily leek 30.Calendula officinalis. summer savory 22.Allium moly.Tropaeolum minus. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. horehound 26.Chenopodium botrys. borage 15.Isatis tinctoria. clary 25. neapolitanum.Origanum majorana. cottage pink 18.Marrubium vulgare. lovage 12.rocambole 28. 19. love-in-a-mist 14.Salvia sclarea. 16. English lavender 4. Levisticum officinale.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia abrotanum. Italian parsley 23. damask rose 32. garlic chive 29.Artemisia camphorata.
A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. The oval. previously used as a skating rink. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. < previous page page_98 next page > . are a seal and a turtle. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. not noted on the plan. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The sculptures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. All are inviting to the touch.
R. .< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F. Landscape Architect.A.A.
American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Nepeta cataria. chive dandelion Allium sativum. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. borage Tanacetum vulgare. dog violet Lemna. Greek Stachys byzantina. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. chamomile Mentha. bee balm Satureja montana. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. Trifolium pratense. coltsfoot Mimulus. tansy Monarda didyma. fat-hen Primula veris. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. bee orchid Erigeron. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. fleabane Stellaria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. cowslip Linaria. English Tussilago farfara. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . Foeniculum vulgare. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. winter savory Mentha. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. duckweed Antennaria. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. lousewort Viola canina. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla.Hedeoma pulegioides. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. Allium schoenoprasum. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. mint Galium odoratum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. mint Tagetes.
it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. and old barn beams another about the same height.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. its wooden structure long gone. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. it is a most satisfying growing situation. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Still. a mint. A number of wooden window frames. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. Its plant list. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. < previous page page_101 next page > . The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. for an old barn foundation of stone. developed particularly for study. Here. feverfew. Instead. an exceedingly long one. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Their height eases the task of weeding. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
lemon verbena 106.A.Galium odoratum. French tarragon geranium 7. variegated garden sage 87. 54.Valeriana officinalis. golden thyme 98. dyer's woodruff broom 3. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Lychnis coronaria. lemon 52.Asarum canadense.Agastache cana. 48. rue 83. praecox subsp. lesser 67. absinthe 51. 43.Genista tinctoria.-John'swort 91. 45.T.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Monarda didyma.Ocimum basilicum.Plantago major. woolly thyme 101. plantain 80.Calendula officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. purple variegated garden sage 85.Viola odorata.A.S. foxglove 2.Nepeta mussinii.Thymus praecox subsp.Geranium robertianum. wormwood germander 9. odoratissimum. calamint valerian 24.Campanula persicifolia. 60. St. bee balm lovage 20. richardii subsp. didyma 'Rosea'.Melissa officinalis. 62.Hyssopus officinalis. rampion 81.Althaea officinalis.Hypericum perforatum.Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Achillea millefolium. officinalis 'Tricolor'.P. beach 47.Aloysia triphylla. basilicum 56. absinthium.Campanula rapunculus.Acinos alpinus. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. yarrow herb Robert 4. 'Purpurascens'.O. Grecian 59.A. × citriodorus.Sempervivum tectorum.O. golden marjoram 26. rose sativa. sweet cicely 94. white creeping thyme 97. 55.Agastache foeniculum.A.Pulmonaria officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var. 66. crimson creeping thyme 96.Sium sisarum. nitidus. basil blue hyssop 15.Alchemilla vulgaris.Digitalis purpurea.Angelica archangelica.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. purple basil English lavender 18. camphor.Myrrhis odorata. onites. 50.O.Physalis heterophylla. angelica lemon geranium 5.Satureja montana.Chelidonium majus.T.Veronica serpyllifolia.Artemisia dracunculus var.T. Roman 46.T. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Calamintha grandiflora.A. pontica. rose costmary campion 23.O.Ruta graveolens.S.T.O.T. herba-barona. apple wormwood geranium 8. pallasianus. abrotanum.T 'Argenteus'. marsh mallow 13. mosquito plant 19. graveolens. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. wild lemon basil ginger 16. celandine madder 79. southernwood houseleek 12.Stachys officinalis. golden variegated garden sage 86. southernwood ground cherry 10. majorana. garden sage 84.Rubia tinctorum. officinalis 'Aurea'. basilicum 'Minimum'. pot marigold 25. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. sweet 53.Teucrium chamaedrys. 1. golden lemon thyme 99. camphorata. balm horehound 14. officinalis 'Purpurea'.P. 'Clear Gold'.Viola tricolor.Euphorbia cyparissias. praecox subsp.Pelargonium crispum. odorous thyme 104. 61. winter savory 88.Lavandula angustifolia.S.Echium vulgare.T.Marrubium vulgare. pink 58. stellerana. creeping veronica . sweet 41.A. catmint 63. silver thyme 105. lemon thyme 100.Levisticum officinale. sweet celandine marjoram 28. viper's 65.M. tomentosum. betony 92. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. arcticus 'Albus'. bee balm57. 64.T. alpine savory 89. thyme 102. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. 44.P. 42.Ranunculus ficaria. skirret 90. sweet violet 40. fern-leaf tansy 95.Digitalis lanata.Stachys grandifora 93. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Salvia officinalis. rosemary 82. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. crispum.49. caraway thyme 103.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.
Laurus nobilis. yucca 109.M. spicata.M.Mentha suaveolens. 114.Anthriscus cerefolium. apple mint 69. blattaria.Lysimachia vulgaris.Cichorium intybus.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Sorbaria sorbifolia.A. suaveolens 'Variegata'. citrata. × piperita var. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. pineapple mint 31. evening 77. chamomile 30. × gentilis.Veronica officinalis. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. 76. pin cherry 39.Isatis tinctoria. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Origanum dictamnus.Chamaemelum nobile.Chrysanthemum 74.Chrysanthemum 78. feverfew cinerariifolium.Lilium candidum.Atriplex hortensis.V. orach115. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Yucca filamentosa. dyer's woad 110.Myrtus communis.Allium sativum. chicory 70. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . 73.Origanum vulgare. moth 113. curry plant mullein 35. Proliferum Group. cowslip 72. spearmint 107. 71. orange mint 32.Verbascum thapsus.Prunus pensylvanica. chervil 68. garlic 111. wild 116. tree onion 112.cepa.Oenothera biennis.Symphytum officinale. ostrowskianum 34. red mint comfrey 33.Helichrysum angustifolium.M.A.29. veronica 108.Primula veris.Dianthus plumarius 75. oxeye daisy mullein 36.M.
where a selection of planters increases the planting area. < previous page page_104 next page > . Francis. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. its outline constructed of brick. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. but not obvious. A statue of St. of good proportion for the size of the opening. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. not just hiding it. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. A wheelshaped bed. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Eriobotrya japonica. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. potato Brassica eruca. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. menthifolia. loquat Cichorium intybus. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. Sidney Ephedra viridis. Eleocharis dulcis. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. cat Watsonia rosea. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. only those not found on other lists are noted here. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. white Justicia carnea. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. lion's-ear prismaticum. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Vetiveria zizanioides. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. poet's Solidago californica. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. labdanum Cistus crispus. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Cestrum nocturnum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. AREA VI japonica.
One is a garden of legends. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. not only for hardiness where needed. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. another a Mary garden. is a center of interest. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. The exterior brick path. an "old rose" and fragrant. but also for proper leaf size. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. or potpourri. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. and a third a culinary garden. emphasizes the circle.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. < previous page page_106 next page > . to name a few. scented-leaf geraniums.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . 1.Lamium album. pot 26. English thyme 13. Linum usitatissimum. Artemisia absinthium. spearmint 22. sweet 21. Johnny-jump.19. saffron crocus marigold 7. Anethum graveolens.Brassica nigra.Hedera helix. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. rue 28. black 23. absinthe 4. lady's.Calendula officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Allium schoenoprasum. costmary 6. Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata. chamomile 3.Crocus sativus.Ornithogalum umbellatum. chive bedstraw 16. dill 11.Ocimum basilicum. yellow 25. 27.The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana.Rosmarinus officinalis. white dead 24.20. English ivy rosemary 8. angelica 2. garden up sage 10. Chrysanthemum balsamita. pyrethrum 5.Ruta graveolens. Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. flax 17.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Galium verum. sweet marjoram basil 12.Alchemilla vulgaris. Angelica archangelica.Narcissus mustard 14. hyssop rose 9.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Chamaemelum nobile. blue 18.
Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. < previous page page_108 next page > .
beach Monarda didyma. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. clove Marrubium vulgare. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. perennial flax Galium odoratum. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. Cotinus coggygria. bay Echeveria × imbricata. thyme Cnicus benedictus. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. Myrrhis odorata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Artemisia absinthium. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. peppermint Laurus nobilis. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. spearmint Mentha × piperita. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. rue Malva alcea var. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. sweet Myrtus communis. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. fastigiata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Russian 'Prostratus'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . blue Lamium maculatum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris.
they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. The generous use of edgings. features a closed knot of superior design. where paths enter an area or take a different direction.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. This is a general rule observed. too. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. simply on a smaller scale. millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. and huge. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. Viewed from the terrace garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. < previous page page_110 next page > . Appropriately used as accents. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary.
The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. dwarf box . blue hyssop 3. Design plan of herb garden 1. A. 'Tiny Rubies'. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Santolina chamaecyparissus. has its size dictated by a rule of design. cheddar pink 4.S. angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 5. green santolina 6. of greater size than is commonly found. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.A. Landscape Architect.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hyssopus officinalis. Routine clipping is required.Santolina virens. germander 2.Teucrium chamaedrys. six feet in diameter.L. gray santolina 7. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. The number in each planting area is the key number. that of good proportion. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. and the mulch.
European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. japonica. plum Prunus maritima. quince Magnolia virginiana. shadbush Salix caprea. honey locust Cornus florida. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. dogwood Pinus nigra. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. goat willow Sassafras albidum. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. black haw Prunus americana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. box Myrica pensylvanica. beach plum Corylus avellana. box Calycanthus fioridus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens.
doerfleri T. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. its plant material varied. leucotrichus T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. Lavandula. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Doone Valley' . herba-barona. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. As a rule. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Currently. However. Rosmarinus. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. caraway thyme T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Argenteus'. praecox subsp.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. Salvia. silver thyme T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. praecox subsp. 'Annie Hall' T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. arcticus T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. and a miscellany of others.
tree germander Boehmaria nivea. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Prostratus'. praecox subsp. 'Clear Gold'. involucrata. angustifolia subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. purple variegated garden sage S. golden rosemary R. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. autumn sage S. heterophylla. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustifolia subsp. greggii. angustissimus. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. blue sage S. sweet lavender L. leucantha. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. golden variegated sage S. pine-scented rosemary R. dentata. golden thyme T. arcticus 'Coccineus'. crimson creeping thyme T. guaranitica. anise sage S. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. vulgaris 'Albus' T. ramie . praecox subsp. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii.T. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. English lavender L. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R.
edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. to sweeten the air. rupturewort. The house. which were located between the water supply. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . for scrubbing pots. balmony. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Cheloneglabra. Prunella vulgaris. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. constructed of brick made on the property.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. culinary. Sium sisarum. used in salads or boiled. Smith. horsetail. L. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. The apple trees. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. family needsmedicinal. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. a well beside the house. Equisetum arvense. to lure bees. obedient plant. Physostegia virginiana. Hesperis matronalis. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Herniaria glabra. Circumstances determined these priorities. Primarily.
Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. while functional. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. too. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. for a few are in use now.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. too. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Today. < previous page page_116 next page > .
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Punica granatum. Gardenia jasminoides.Wisteria frutescens.Syringa × persica var. yellow 12.Pinus taeda. wisteria 13.Allium sativum. 15.Lonicera sempervirens.Rosa banksiae.Malus angustifolia. garlic 9. Banksia rose 14. pomegranate 3.Prunus angustifolia.Lagerstroemia indica. fig 6. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Lonicera flava. trumpet 11. 1.Laurus nobilis. 16.Ficus carica. Cape jasmine 10. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . southern laciniata. rosemary 2.Rosmarinus officinalis.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. bay 7.Sambucus canadensis. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.
Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. < previous page page_118 next page > . All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. too. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. Appropriately. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Italy. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The effect would be quite different without them.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Mentha × piperita. tansy 65. box chamomile 9.Cimicifuga racemosa. 30.Elizabeth Lawrence. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 38. lovage 35.Achillea millefolium. saffron crocus 25.Tanacetum vulgare. 55.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 40.Levisticum officinale. blue 46.Hypericum perforatum. dogwood horehound 18.Lobelia siphilitica. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. peppermint 52. butterfly 32. hyssop sassafras 20. sweet flag marigold 24. 37. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Ruta graveolens.Gaultheria procumbens.Calycanthus fioridus. trumpet honeysuckle 4. bay lavender wintergreen 21. pot 48.Laurus nobilis.Chamaemelum nobile.Asclepias tuberosa.Asarum virginicum.Rosa laevigata.Eupatorium perfoliatum. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Punica granatum. foxglove 41.Armoracia rusticana.Symphytum officinale. 33. mullein 49. 54. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Cornus florida. spearmint 62.Buxus sempervirens. sweet 27. fuller's teasel 67.Dianthus caryophyllus.57. horsemint lobelia 23.Ilex vomitoria.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 60. St.Pulmonaria officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Lonicera sempervirens.Lilium candidum.Hyssopus officinalis. clove 36. basil chive 3.Ilex opaca. sweet 64. senna woodruff 15. sweet shrub 10.Anethum graveolens.Rubus allegheniensis.Paeonia officinalis. blue 44.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia abrotanum. wild ginger69.Verbascum thapsus.Chimaphila umbellata. 70. black 29. dill 39. myrtle 53. yarrow lungwort 22. 1. gray santolina witch hazel 11. agrimony 58.Mentha spicata. yellow-root 7.Agrimonia eupatoria.Digitalis purpurea.Cassia marilandica.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Colchicum autumnale.Mentha pulegium.Galium odoratum.Calendula officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Sassafras albidum.Melissa officinalis. white periwinkle spicebush 13. 68.Lindera benzoin.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. peony 51.Nepeta cataria.Rosmarinus officinalis. borage 31. lemon 26.Dipsacus sativus. 42. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . sativa. American holly 16. 66.Marrubium vulgare.Pinckneya pubens. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Monarda punctata.Borago officinalis.Populus balsamifera. catnip 34. 45.Crocus sativus. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. 63. bee balm 28. 61. 43. great 47. 50.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma. rue 56. balm autumn crocus 2.Salvia officinalis.Hamamelis virginiana.Acorus calamus. garden sage 59.Vinca minor.Santolina chamaecyparissus.
Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. In any event. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. 1 T. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. and fragrances they developed. < previous page page_120 next page > . preventives. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. This is true for the remedies.
Salvia officinalis. foxglove 12. spearmint 17. opium poppy 5. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . 1.Ocimum basilicum.Papaver somniferum.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Calendula officinalis.Viburnum prunifolium. caraway 19.Tanacetum vulgare. quince 24.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. English thyme rosemary 7.Satureja montana. English 10.Mentha spicata.Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia. horsemint 20. apothecary's rose 22.Nepeta cataria. tansy 11.Monarda punctata.Cydonia oblonga. peppermint 18. winter savory 4.Marrubium vulgare. blue hyssop 21.Pyrus communis.Digitalis purpurea. 14.Carum carvi.Origanum majorana. catnip 16.Mentha × piperita. pot marigold 2. sweet basil 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage 8. sweet marjoram 6. absinthe 9.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. lavender lovage 3. black haw 23. horehound 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. for example the large square bed with circular path. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Thus it was for this garden. to study it. from early Moravian settlements. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. centrally located. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The main paths of brick unify the garden. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. < previous page page_122 next page > . the other 1761. often it is reconstructed. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. one dated 1759. Allowed such freedom of expression. Some could be used singly. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. Shaded by hop vines. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. The beds are used to achieve balance. and bricks raise the beds. and if the best has not always survived.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. makes it something of a focal point.
. Campbell.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect.A. A.L.S.
Hyssopus officinalis. borage 5. love.Melissa officinalis. catnip 70. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. sorrel 65. 80.Carum carvi.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia sclarea.Nigella sativa. clove 53. 52.Cornusflorida.Ficus. dill 73.Levisticum officinale. sweet 55. marsh mallow 7.Scabiosa atropurpurea. red pepper 20. asparagus 31. damask coriander rose 19.Rosa moschata.Rosa gallica. hop southernwood 39. hyssop maypop 42. caraway 72.The number in each planting area is the key number.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. lovage 9.Passiflora incarnata. garden nasturtium 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet 71. parsley 32.Lilium candidum. elecampane 11. rue 14.Pulmonaria officinalis.Colchicum autumnale.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Dianthus caryophyllus. feverfew southern magnolia 27. dwarf nasturtium 13. columbine 29. horehound 56. polyanthus narcissus 60. 74.Rosmarinus officinalis.Magnolia grandiflora. mugwort67.Lagerstroemia indica.Rosa roxburghii. stock 50.Rosa damascena. corn poppy 79.Borago officinalis. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. saffron peppermint crocus 35. blue 69.Rheum rhabarbarum.Ruta graveolens.Artemisia vulgaris. 54.Achillea millefolium.Cnicus benedictus. 66. chestnut rose 43. cockscomb 47.Tropaeolum majus. French rose 18. hollyhock 51.Consolida ambigua.Matthiola incana. garden sage 15. grape larkspur 41.Vitis.Silybum marianum. Carolina jessamine 38.Narcissus tazetta.77.Ocimum basilicum. autumn crocus 34.Atriplex hortensis. rhubarb 10.Artemisia absinthium. Madonna lily 59. 48. comfrey 33. orach 76.Saponaria officinalis. lemon 64.Anethum graveolens. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Coriandrum sativum.Bellis perennis. blue 63. balm chive 37.Alcea rosea.Inula helenium.Mentha × piperita.Gelsemium sempervirens. garlic lungwort 36.Armoracia rusticana. eglantine Group. 68.Allium sativum.Chamaemelum nobile.Stachys officinalis. lavender rose 21.Marrubium vulgare.Rubia tinctorum.Salvia officinalis.Crocus sativus. rosemary49.Rosa eglanteria.Foeniculum vulgare. basil moss rose 44.Cercis canadensis. holy thistle 58. annual clary 3. fennel marjoram 28.Narcissus poeticus.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Celosia cristata.Papaver rhoeas. English 78. virgin's bower 40.Tropaeolum minus. redbud 24.Petroselinum crispum. cabbage angustifolia.Rumex acetosa.Artemisia abrotanum. blessed thistle 8.Salvia viridis.Althaea officinalis.Symphytum officinale.Origanum majorana. clary 30.Amaranthus caudatus. yarrow 4.Asparagus officinalis. 81. daisy crape myrtle 23.Nepeta cataria. 1.Allium schoenoprasum.Clematis virginiana. tansy 6. madder 16. English thyme 2. 62. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Rosa centifolia. betony 82. spearmint 57.Tanacetum vulgare.Aquilegia vulgaris.Hydrangea quercifolia.Humulus lupulus. chamomile 17. black cumin 46. absinthe 45. poet's narcissus 61.Mentha spicata.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
Usually this is least desirable. Thus. and the north point is established. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath).< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The lesser the scale. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Calluna (heather). Although some observations may seem obvious. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. even boggy. This space was never adequate. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. it is proper to make a trial run. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. A ravine and existing. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. the western. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. First. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. far from the house. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The next most desirable exposure. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet.
The outline is fixed. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. another is close to the rear of the house. The new herb garden has been located. a driveway on still another. There is the housegarage structure on one side. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. 127 indicates. Then.ground where drainage is better. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. single bed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. and the search did not take long. Culinary herbs will fill a large. certainly not precisely the same. < previous page page_126 next page > . The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. It was a pleasurable assignment. 77 provided the needed inspiration. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. all four sides are so determined. and the property line on the last. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The. but it need not be identical. The general outline is similar. Indeed. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. as the drawing on p. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure.
Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. this low wall will enclose the garden area. There was no . something is amiss. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. With the plan established. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. as in this case. In fact. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. If all is well.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. In addition. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. Two drawings were required to work out problems. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. forming the outer boundary of the service path. then north.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
Before edgings could be put in place. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. not one completed in a weekend.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. the eight-foot length was more practical. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. a lapped joint was fashioned. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. At corners. eight. this was. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. however. . the site required some leveling. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In the earlier stage of planning. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. and the finished edging would be effective. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. admittedly. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. In this case. In this area. A structural edging was in order. However. However. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Aged compost. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. this same base underlies all the paths. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. The latter need to be more substantially paved. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. leaves. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Unfortunately. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. but there are exits to different levels. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. selected for its simplicity. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Weeds. could serve this purpose. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. One is the ramp to the driveway. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. The pattern is running bond. had been proof of that. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. A choice of five colors was available. for they will likely have more traffic. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. sand. This method of treatment now guarantees . Heavy black plastic. filling the beds with soil was next. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick.
Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. worth the added cost. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. even bed for the pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. on a trial run of one course of brick. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. However.
Herbs have flourished in the beds. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. converging where it was logical to do so.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. In this instance. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. for it would interfere with the drainage system. With the completion of the paths. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. the terraced area. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. Sometimes called "rubble drains. French drains. and the steps to other levels." their construction can be somewhat varied. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. . No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds.
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C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. and so on. albula. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Its arrow points north and. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. in tenths of an inch. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . often a wall or trellis. sixteenths of an inch. not necessarily referable to botanical species. having a variety of gradations. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. for example.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. in inches. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. casts the shadow for the hour. for example. a garden plan. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. hundredths of an inch. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. twelfths of an inch. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. E EllipseAn oval. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. is symmetrical. and so on. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank.
its compartments filled with flowers. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. a patterned garden.brick) in the same course. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Usually a few inches thick. Pea gravelSmall. rounded fragments of rock. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. turf. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone.3). ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. also called rubble drain. G GazeboA freestanding. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. ForthrightA straight course or path. heated especially by fermenting manure. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. a flat. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. M ManufactoryA factory. GrindstoneMillstone. loose. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. roofed structure usually open on the sides. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. or colored earths. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney.3. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3.
a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.
Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. not treelike or with a single trunk. R Rose. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. < previous page page_132 next page > . Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. W Wall. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. called also a hose cock. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Stone. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. TreillageLatticework for vines. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. cutting. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. snug fit for walks.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. often planted with aromatic herbs. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. V VarietyA category below species. walls. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. or steps. ranking between species and variety. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers.
1966. John Philip. Herbsfor Every Garden. New York: Macmillan. New York: Simon and Schuster. Julia S. Foster. London: Marshall Cavendish. Rosemary F. W. 1977. Henry. Harriet Ballard. Gertrude B. and Garden. 1971. New York: Crown Publishers. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Toronto. Behme. Earle. Aurora. Prof. and Accessories. Park Seed Co. Daniel J. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Crowe. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Erichsen-Brown. 1911. Sydney: B. 14701670. Batsford. Herbs and the Earth. 1963. 1935. Bailey. Book of the Geranium. Darrah. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Beston. 1966. 1970. London: Adam and Charles Black. The Cultivated Basils. Kent: The Herb Farm. Flannery. 1972. Putnam's Sons. Carpenter. Gertrude B. Helen H.. Herbals. 1980. New York: Hawthorne Books. Edlin. L. New York: Viking Press. Foster. Brownlow. John E. Cross. New York: G. 1972. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. 1951. 1976. 1971.: Buckeye Printing Co. Charlotte. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.. 1902. Agnes. 1961.: Geo. Roses. Liberty Hyde. 1938. Foley. Garden Design. H. . . ed. Dutton & Co. Bailey Hortorium. Garden City: Doubleday. Doran & Co. Mo. 1957. Peter. P.C. Hanging Plants for Home. 1973. Terrace. New York. London. Green Enchantment. New York: Macmillan. 1942. L. John. 1944. London: Saturn Press. British Plants. 1962.. New York: Macmillan. New York: Viking Press. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. New York: Macmillan. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Frances A. Hortus Third. London: Country Life. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Berrall. Fox. Sylvia. The Small Garden. Robert Lee. Helen Morgenthau. New York: Dover. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1958. Brookes. New York: E. How Plants Get Their Names. T. Coats. The Herb Garden. 1933. and Louden. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. H. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Margaret E. Jot. Bardswell. Park's Success with Herbs. 1980. Independence. 1951. London: Macmillan. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Sevenoaks. Staff of. P.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. 1979.. . Room Outside. S.. Alice Morse. Clarkson. Greenwood. 1982. Baumgardt. Rosetta E. Complements. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Seal.
1969. Bernard Hickey. 1975. Paul B. 1978. Lawrence. Robert. A Biblical Garden. Frances. 2d ed. Pozza. New York: Macmillan. Hamel. (1st American edition trans. Waltham. J. Boston. 1946. Ireys. Wynnewood. Horace. Dutton & Co. Amy Bess. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1982. McFarland. 1976. M. 1972. 1981. 1951. New York: Crown Publishers. New York: William Morrow & Co. Simmons. 1961. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Johnson. 1959. A. Shaker Herbs. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. 1969. and Synge. Hendrickson. and Chiltoskey. Helen K. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Herbs. Mass. Johns. ed.. Neri. New York: De La Mare. Vegetable Dyeing. Moldenke. Lerner. and Brunello. Sylva. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices.. Rosengarten.. A Garden of Herbs. New York: Macmillan. Alma. Mrs. Potter. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Vicenza. and Rice... Franco.) Rohde. Harold N. Hay. Leighton. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. London: George Routledge & Sons. Myron. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. 1971. Walter. New York: E. Boston. New York: Van Nostrand. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Ann... Kiaer. The Herb Garden. 1966. Claire.. 1970. 1964. chemist. Grieve. Loyal R.: Chronica Botanica Co. London: Faber and Faber. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1911. Carol.. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Landscaping with Vines. The Berry Book. Alice Recknagel. 1981.Garland. Lawrence. Mary U. 1974. The Book of Spices. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Sarah.: Livingston Pub. 1973. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. 1938. Roy. P. Miller. New York: Viking Press. and Alma L. Muenscher. Elizabeth. New York: Harper & Bros. Eleanour Sinclair. Lathrop. N. Frederic. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Norma Jean. Books. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. George H.C. New York: Dover. Rev. Loewenfeld. Pa. Claire. New York: Macmillan. New York: Dover. Krauss. 1971.. Jr. Flowers of the Field. How to Landscape Your Grounds. P. Lesch. Jones. 1974. Eigel. Brown & Co. Early American Gardens. Gardens in Winter. 1983. Philippa. M. Co... Italy. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. The Art of Dyeing. New York: Clarkson N. Howard. Tucson: H. Geraniums for Home and Garden. . Division Billboard Publications. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Roses of the World in Color. 1975. Dorothy Bovee. Toronto: Little. New York: Doubleday. Grow and Enjoy. and Back. Modern Herbal. 1976. Plants of the Bible. 1970. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. New York: William Morrow and Co. How to Select. Adelma G. Loewenfeld. 1979. Cherokee Plants. 1952.: Herald Publishing Co. C. Patrick M.
Martha Dahlen. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Katherine S. Wilder. Mrs. Malcolm. The Fragrant Year. New York: Simon & Schuster. Philip Batchelder.. Associate. Griffin. 1942. L.. New York.. London: Phoenix House. Baker. Wilson. Madalene Hill. Mrs. Martin's Press. Plimpton. New ed. Mr.A. William C. Norman.. Smith.S.A. Mrs. Jack Emil Geist. Mrs. Hines. Martin's. Price. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Nelva M. Mrs.A.. Elisabeth W. Keebler. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Helen Van Pelt.. L. Raymond V.A. Benjamin McF. W T.. George. Melissa R. Bush. The History of Gardens. L. Ingersoll. Moffit. Bleecker.. Tarantino. C. The Shakespeare Garden. Building Stone Walls. 1957. Fragrance in the Garden. William T. Helen Noyes. George T. L..A. Zohary. Susan W. A. L.. Martin. Amy Bess Miller.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. T. Mrs. A. William W. Mrs. Meyer. Esther. Jr. Graham. Bradner.. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. 1962. Rhoda Specht. Morss. Straus. New York: Doubleday.The Old Shrub Roses. Bynam. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook.. Mrs. New York: St.: Garden Way. Diane C. L. 1976. Boston: Ralph T. L. London: Phoenix House.A. 1975. 1965.A. James C.A. John Poinier. 1967. L. Charlotte. 1966. Mrs. Mrs. L. 1974.R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bates. and Robert B. Austin R. Herbert G. 1979. Landscape Architecture. Michael. W. Taylor. Sandy Hicks.A. Rev. Jr. Mrs. Christopher.. Plants of the Bible.S. Peter M. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Louise Beebe. McGarry. Revised by Dr. New York: Farrar. Weber. L. H. William Y Dear. New York: William Morrow & Co. Small Gardens Are More Fun. .. . John. Stearn. A. Berkeley Brandt. 1961. Barbara Capen. Linda. Maxton Davies. The Fragrant Garden. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Campbell. and Bell.D.A.A. 1931. Gannaway. Alfred L. Shrub Roses of Today. Mrs. Charles L..A. New York: Dover. Mrs. Climbing Roses Old and New. Elizabeth Lawrence. Paxton. New York: Bobbs-Merrill.A. Margaret Osborn Holt. 1982. Webster.A. Mrs. Botanical Latin. Henry Gund. Mrs. 1979. Mrs. Robert G. Mrs. L..A. L. Yang. John Ormsbee. 1976. New York: McGraw-Hill.. Sherry D. Graham Stuart. Z. A. A. New York: Simon & Schuster. Charles Patch. 1972. L. Mrs. Hammond Crawford. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. 1979. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Mrs. Vivian. Jr. Donald Paxton. Marshall. Pees. L. Stuart. Leonie. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Vera Breed. Mrs. Taloumis. Neil Hamill Park. Singleton.L.S. Leonard Dreyfuss. William Radler. Frank M. ..A. Thacker.. Jo Lohmolder. F.. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. New York: Hafner. 1953.. James D. Herbs in the Garden. 1972. . Hale & Co. Winthrop G.L. New York: St. Mrs. Virginia B.L. Marion E.A. Container Gardening Outdoors. Indianapolis. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Mrs. Lamm. White. Thomas. Stearn.A. ed. Cozart. Lucile Teeter Kissack. and Mrs.. Vt. Robert K. William T.. New York. 1972. Mrs. Boerner. 1953. Giroux. Mrs. ed. Onward and Upward in the Garden.
Whitman.. Booker Worthen. L..A. Greenland. N. Gayle. L... Elbert Smith. Swanson. Western Reserve Herb Society. L. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Linda Yang. Mrs..I. Mich. Atlanta. Hales Corners.. Architect.. Matthew Miksch House. Linda Yang. Shaker Community. Mrs. Eric Duke Scott. James F. Milton Stricker. Plain Dealer Photo. Hancock. Old Slater Mill Museum..H. Semple. Wisc. Ark. Hancock Shaker Village. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Inc.. Ohio. Mrs. Inc.A. Derthick. University of Michigan. Mrs. Lansing.C. Skinner. Timothy Procter Ruh. Ga. N.. and Mrs. Christopher Spencer.. Pawtucket. L. Atlanta Historical Society. The following provided historical. Christopher Rady. Smith (Ann Leighton). Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Walter Rebmann. Milton C. Mr. John A.A. Kingwood Center. Frederick E. Faith H.A. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. James S.Rady. Helen M. Eloise andJo Ray. Mrs. Winston-Salem. Mass. Mrs. G. The Country Doctor Museum. Mansfield.. Little Rock. Harper. Ann Arbor. Mrs.. Roberts. Rose.. R. Old Salem. Mich. Michigan State University. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Nathan Sameth. Joan E. L. N.. Joe H. Cleveland. Isadore L. Ohio. civic. Lawrence Schetky.C. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Mrs. < previous page page_134 next page > . Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Edmund G. Mrs. Milwaukee County Park Commission. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Jean Ruh. Bailey. Talbot III. Weeks Brick House. Wilcox. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.
barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. A. barbadensis A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. maritima L. C. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Myrrhis odorata. A. A. azoricum. officinalis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Narcissus triandrus. E. Y smalliana Agrimonia. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea.
G. P. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. ludoviciana var. grandiflorus Melissa M. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. acerifolium. V. albula A. Solanum aculeatissimum S. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. Lamium album Viburnum. M. S. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. laevis Rhododendron . P. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. F.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. V. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. podagraria Asparagus A. officinalis. melongena var. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. false Galium aristatum. lycopersicum. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. officinalis Populus.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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P. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. coronaria . angustifolia. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. B. oleracea. Mertensia virginica. chrysantha Symphytum S. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. alpina 'Alba' A. M. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. deltoides Campsis radicans.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. vulgaris A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis.
asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . alpinum R. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. M. alpinum R. pseudonarcissus miniature N. Italian D Daffodil M. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. maculatum G. C. V. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. macrocarpon. V. verna. ioensis Vaccinium. B. angustifolia. M. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. sativum R. B. N. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. coronaria. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G.
leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Ferocactus latispinus. rivieri. Hosta H. acetosa. obtusifolius R. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. A. obtusifolius Rumex R. crispus. x superbum Hemerocallis. D. frutescens C. Chrysanthemum frutescens. T officinale Bellis. A. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. H. R. R. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. triphyllum . × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. C. lilioasphodelus. Sansevieria. lilioasphodelus H.
pungens Sambucus S. Antennaria. arvensis. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Lychnis coronaria. N. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. N. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. C. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Centaurea cineraria. C. ragusina. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. S. gymnocarpa. azoricum Nigella. Helichrysum. damascena.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Gnaphalium. Senecio cineraria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. N.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. I. I. P. regalis Adiantum.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. L. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. O. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. versicolor. carica Corylus C. usitatissimum L. A. Osmunda. carica F. perenne . virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.× germanica I.
sylvatica Digitalis D. quercifolium P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. P. grossularioides P radens P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. Pelargonium. scorodoprasum A. lutea Allium sativum A. I. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. odoratissimum P. purpurea D. tuberosum A. × limoneum P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. Fumaria C. × germanica Myosotis M. × hortorum P. sphaerocephalum A. neapolitanum A. sativum var. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . lanata D.
denticulatum P. P. canadense T.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. tomentosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. tomentosum P. pratensis . glutinosum. graveolens P. quercifolium P. capitatum P. T. A. crispum P. Tragopogon. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. abrotanifolium P. Z. × citrosum P. officinale Z. T. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. canadense. × nervosum P. × jatrophifolium P. chamaedrys T. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. A.
vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Vitis monticola. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Oxalis deppei. torquata E. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. nervosa V. C. V. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. C. M.
golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
triacanthos G. majalis Liriope. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Pulmonaria . Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Ophiopogon L. G. L. W. Lythrum. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. C.
erecta T. Malva. A. patula Calendula officinalis T. M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. pedatum Hibiscus. grandiflora M. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. alcea var. M. tenuifolia T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. erecta T.blue M Mace. C. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. erecta T. lucida . Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. Malva.
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suaveolens 'Variegata' . vulgare 'Aureum' O. piperita var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. vulgare O. citrata M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. majorana O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. × piperita var. × piperita var. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. aquatica var. R. Astrantia. A. odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata. citrata M. crispii M. onites O. dictamnus O. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. Spiraea alba. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. citrata M. requienii M. majorana O. S.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. major. vulgare O. suaveolens M.
Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . communis. V. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis M. Myrrhis odorata. M. vulgaris A. Umbellularia californica. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Myrtus. alba Verbascum. rubra M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. thapsus V. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. V. A. Azolla caroliniana. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. olympicum. lactiflora Morus M. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape.
minus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. poeticus N. album L. L. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . V. nudum. P. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. tazetta Tropaeolum T. majus T. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.
hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. cepa. fragrans O. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. cepa A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. fistulosum A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. fragrans Allium. Proliferum Group A. telephium Iris × germanica var. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. florentina. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. O. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. hortensis A. I. vulgare var. fistulosum Atriplex. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . A. C. Castilleja californica. S. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. Scilla verna. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. cepa. A.
neopolitanum Pastinaca. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. pulsatilla Passiflora P. crispum P. A. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. patens. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora P. P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum var. A.
C. paniculata P. annuum. P frutescens Catharanthus. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. C. annuum. retroflexus. A. C. Grossum Group C. Piper C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Conoides Group Capsicum. roseus C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Chenopodium. C. annuum. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Longum Group C. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. C. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. frutescens C.
officinalis Dianthus D. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. caryophyllus D. P salicina P angustifolia. alpinus D. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. americana . umbellata var. C. angustifolia var. nigra P strobus P taeda P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. plumarius. Plantago P. taeda Chimaphila. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. P. C. M. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Prunus japonica. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. watsonii P maritima P. Silene laciniata. plumarius D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. taeda P. gratianopolitanus D. umbellata var. × paradisiaca. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P.
rhoeas P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. P. balsamifera P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. L. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. S. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. biennis P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. E. vulgare Lithospermum. 0.
pepo C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. C. Hesperis . coccineum C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. A. R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. P. C. pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum R. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. canadensis C. sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. Diplotaxis.
canina.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. centifolia R. × harisonii R. spinosissima R. damascena R. canina R. chinensis 'Minima' R. banksiae R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gallica 'Officinalis' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. Rosa chinensis R. moschata . Rubus coronarius R. × borboniana R. gallica R. × borboniana R. × borboniana Kerria. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. laevigata R. sativa Rosa R. damascena 'Bifera' R. R.
Salvia hierosolymitana .polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. R. pitcheri S. caerula. angustissimus R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. setigera R. azurea subsp. greggii S. S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. officinalis S. sclarea S. microphylla S. Rosmarinus. guaranitica S. clevelandii S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. × rehderana R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. officinalis Limonium R. rugosa R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus.
S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. S. leucophylla S. virens. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. guaranitica S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. maritimum E. montana Scabiosa S. viridis S. S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. marilandica Amelanchier . involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. T. Salicornia. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. A. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. elegans S. leucantha S. chamaecyparissus S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. C. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. neapolitana S. P. hebecarpa. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. chamaecyparissus S.
A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. P. V. C. coggygria. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. nivalis Lamium album. americana. coggygria C. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. P. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. G. biflorum . coggygria Cotinus. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. C. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago.
L.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. officinalis thyme-leaved V. O. O. acetosa. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . H. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. S. pyrenaicum. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. scutatus R. japonica Sorbaria. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. H. V. crassipes O. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. patulum. E. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. Ornithogalum arabicum. R. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M.
Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca F. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. dracunculus var. incana M. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. O. C. vulgare var. crispum T. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. chiloensis F. perennis. T vulgare T. O.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vulgare var. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. M. floridus Philadelphus . incana M.
× citriodorus T. phaenopyrum C. 'Broad-leaf English' T. pallasianus T. C. A. sylvestris D. laevigata Eupatorium. maritima Thymus. T. benedictus. marianum S. arcticus T. 'Clear Gold' T. praecox subsp. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. E. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. 'Argenteus' T. praecox T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . marianum S. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Silybum marianum S. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. citriodorus 'Aureus' T.
pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. sanctum O. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. P. C. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. pruinosa. P. Physalis peruviana L. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. I. sanctum Tulipa T. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. alata Lycopersicon. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Coreopsis Linaria. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. L. noli-tangere. cerasiforme. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum L. peruviana P.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. praecox subsp. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens.
canina. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. V. C. odorata V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. cornuta V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. caeruleum Clematis.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Alba' V. C. odorata V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. V riviniana Viola odorata V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. P. Chimaphila. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. caprea . lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. officinalis Polemonium.
pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. annua A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. absinthium A. Corydalis sempervirens A. Stachys . gmelinii A. W. nudum Isatis I. S. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. pontica. Vanilla barbellata A. Gaultheria procumbens. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. ambrosioides Artemisia. verticillata Chimaphila. camphorata A. V. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. caprea. frigida A. I.
I.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. vomitoria I. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. ageratum A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . C. filipendulina A. × media 'Hicksii' T. millefolium A. X. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. lutea. simplicissima Cladrastis.
ageratum A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. monkshood helmut flower. fennel g. yarrow sneezeweed. alpinus Aconitum A. fourcroydes sweet flag. maidenhair American maidenhair. butter-print. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. theophrasti Acacia A. nose-bleed. foeniculum Agave A. calamus Adiantum A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. millefolium A. taygetea A. Indian mallow. h. Indian mallow China jute. cana A. maidenhair fern.. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. lion's tail anise hyssop. pedatum Agastache A. breviflora A. five-finger f. thousand-seal. h. napellus Acorus A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. calamus maidenhair fern. fragrant g. monkshood flowering maple. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A.. longifolia Achillea A.. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . sanguinary. blue giant hyssop. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. parlor m.
hemp plant agrimony. ostrowskianum A. fistulosum A. purple c.. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. Spanish o. schnittlauch giant garlic . ophioscorodon A. sisalana Agrimonia A. sisal hemp. sativum A. vulgaris Allium A. cocklebur. reptans Alcea A. sativum var. karataviense A. schoenoprasum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. lily leek daffodil garlic. christophii A. Japanese bunching o. tree o. cive. flowering o. ciboule.. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A.A. neapolitanum A. flavum A. moly A. rosea Alchemilla A.. garlic rocambole. scorodoprasum A.. eupatoria Agrostemma A. githago Ajuga A. alpina A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. Rosenbachianum A. giganteum A. Pulchellum A. serpent garlic chive. two-bladed o. senescens var. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle.
sphaerocephalum A. triphylla Althaea A.glaucum A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. Barbados a. bugloss windflower. marschalliana A.. caudatus Amelanchier A. white m. bugloss alkanet. officinarum Anchusa A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. juneberry. cerefolium chervil angelica. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. archangel.. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. japonica A. blanda A. hupehensis var. pulsatilla Anethum A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. shad. officinalis Amaranthus A. medicinal a. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. officinalis Anemone A. barbadensis Aloysia A. canadensis Amsonia A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. garlic c. shadbush. Oriental garlic . tinctoria Anthriscus A.. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. Curasao a. tuberosum Aloe A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A.
European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . chrysantha A. graveolens var.Apium A. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.
kinnikinick. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. annua A. bear's grape. sea pink thrift. asarabacca wild ginger. Ludoviciana var. triphyllum subsp. sandberry. wormwood southernwood. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. red cole sagebrush. canadense A. sativa A. gmelinii A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. rusticana Artemisia A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. creashak green-dragon. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. mealberry. europaeum A. camphorata A. pink or white horseradish. arborescens A. frigida A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. triphyllum A. albula A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mugwort. old man southernwood absinthe. mountain box. lactiflora A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. dracunculus var. hog cranberry. virginicum bearberry. maritima Armoracia A. dracontium A. pontica A. stewardsonii Armeria A.
talewort. c. vulgaris Beta milkweed. silkweed. China grass borage borage. officinalis Astrantia A. vulgaris. hortensis B Baptista B. c. papyrifera Boehmeria B. Chinese silk plant. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. yellow r. australis B. mountain spinach false indigo. saltbush orach. tinctoria Barbarea B. c. tuberosa Asparagus A. wild indigo blue false indigo. rattleweed winter cress. halimus A. butterfly flower butterfly weed. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. s. s. tuberroot. rocket. major Atriplex A. plains f. mustard . wild indigo. perennis Berberis B. upland cress winter cress. c. wild blue i. orach sea orach.Asclepias A.. pleurisy root. piprage beet swiss chard. ruby s. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. i. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. ruby s. garden o.. jaundice berry. cool-tankard cole. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. nivea Borago B. vulgaris Bellis B. B.
boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. strawberry s... cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. eruca B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. officinalis Calycanthus C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. grandiflora Calendula C. carpatica C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla var. koreana B. floridus Campanula C. sempervirens B. pineapple s. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. white-flowered k. microphylla 'Nana' B.B.
o. o. p. C.. s. o. o. trumpet flower. p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. green p. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. rapunculus Campsis C. pimento sweet pepper s. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. p. p. red p. p. p.C. cow-itch... green p.. s. bell p. p. o. p. trumpet vine. sweet pepper. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. s. o. persicifolia C. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. chili p. p. p.
safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. marilandica Catharanthus C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. Tabasco p..< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. snakehead .. bastard s. Tabasco-sauce p. majus Chelone cayenne p.. capsicum p. frutescens Carthamus C. Madagascar periwinkle. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. chili p. garden c. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. red p. nobile Chelidonium C.. cristata Cercis C. false saffron. Russian c. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. shellbark h. celandine celandine turtlehead. illinoinensis C. senna.. deodara Celosia C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. ovata Cassia C.. canariensis Cedrus C. tinctorius Carum C. carvi Carya C.
virginicus Chrysanthemum C. leather flower.. Spanish t. dwarf 1. ladanifer Citrus C. leather flower. coccineum C. fat hen ambrosia. virgilia virgin's bower. devil's-darning- . botrys Chimaphila C. wax flower. pyrethum. cinerariifolium C. Chinese dwarf 1. umbellata Chionanthus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. American w. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. racemosa Cistus C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. parthenium C. frutescens C. pigweed Mexican tea. virgin's bower. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. Dalmatia p. × jouiniana 'Mrs. barbe-de-capuchin. alecost pyrethrum. × superbum Cichorium C. Robert Brydon' C. lutea Clematis C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. old-man's-beard costmary. intybus Cimicifuga C.. mint geranium. wormseed. rattletop black cohosh. red-leaved chicory bugbane. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. balsamita C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. feather geranium. crispus C. Meyer 1. wintergreen. glabra Chenopodium C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. bonus-henricus C... prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. ambrosioides C. leucanthemum C.C.
peregrina Consolida C. smokebush smoke tree. orientalis Convallaria C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. smoke plant. benedictus Coix C. florida Corylus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. apiculatus Crataegus C. cneorum Coptis C. avellana Cotinus C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. arkansana C. autumnale Comptonia C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . majalis Convolvulus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn.needle Cnicus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. laevigata C. Venetian sumac. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. trifolia Coreopsis C. thorn apple. red haw hawthorn English h. smokebush. quick-set. sativum Cornus C.. ambigua C. thorn. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree.
sempervirens Cydonia C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. oblonga Cymbopogon C.. scoparius C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. × allwoodii D. West Indian 1. citratus Cytisus C. speciosus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. sieberi C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . angustifolius C. sativus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. gracilis Dianthus D. kotschyanus C.C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. maritimum Crocus C..
Simkins' 'Nanus' D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. sativus D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. carnation. gas plant.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. burning bush. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. grandiflora D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. lanata D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. sylvestris Doronicum D.
pungens Eleocharis E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. Japanese medlar. sea holm. jacinth. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . poppy eucalypt. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. hyemale Eranthis E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. gum tree. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. ironbark. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. sea eryngo California poppy C. viridis Epimedium E. torquata Euonymus E. arvense E. japonica Eryngium E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. b. J. blueweed. epimedium barrenwort. rugosum v. vulgare Elaeagnus E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. plum eryngo sea holly. Australian gum. perfoliatum E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail.. californica Eucalyptus E. dulcis Endymion E. S. maritimum Eschscholzia E.
azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. imperialis Fumaria F. sow-teat s. assafoetida Ficus F. a. a. vulgare var. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. alpine s. a.Euphorbia E.s. vulgare subsp. chiloensis F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vulgare F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. finocchio. ulmaria F.s. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgare F.s. major Fragaria F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.
spotted c. checkerberry. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. dyer's greenweed. wild c. Carolina yellow j. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. hederacea Gleditsia G. verum Gardenia G. mountain tea. teaberry. Carolina jessamine Genista G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. vernalis H. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. woodwaxen. maculatum G. germanica G. odoratum G. cleavers white bedstraw. mock p. pulegioides American pennyroyal... red Robin . Carolina jasmine G.. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. Capejasmine wintergreen.F. our-lady's-b.. robertianum Glechoma G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. mollugo G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. field balm. jasminoides Gaultheria G. ground ivy. false baby's-breath woodruff. gardenia. virginiana Hedeoma H. triacanthos Gossypium G. sweet w. honey locust. alumroot herb Robert. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. hexapetala G Galanthus G. nivalis Galium G. tinctoria Geranium G. runaway robin..
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curry plant false licorice. foetidus H. turnsole heliotrope. flavescens Helenium H. bimlipatum j.. China rose. orientalis Hemerocallis H. cannabinus H. rose m. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. × luteola Herniaria H. lividus subsp. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. atrorubens H. angustifolium H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. bastard jute.. rose-of-China. Hawaiian h.... bimli j.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. sweet r.. petiolatum Heliotropium H. niger H.. blacking plant plantain lily. matronalis Hibiscus H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. hibiscus kenaf. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. lilioasphodelus H. glabra Hesperis H. lemon d. giant m. mallow. Deckaner h. arborescens Helleborus H. garland 1. licorice plant heliotrope. Deccan h. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. corsicus H. daylily . Chinese hibiscus. Indian hemp.
H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. orangeroot. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. perforatum Hyssopus H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly.. asiatica Hypericum H. patulum 'Sungold' H.-John's-wort St. white h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. European h. crenata var. box-leaved h. box-leaved h. horned h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.-John's-wort St. I. rose h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. lupulus Hydrangea H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. . navelwort gotu kola St.
opaca I. crested dwarf i.I. 'Great Lakes' I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. yellow flag. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. pseudacorus Isatis I. spotted t.. glabra I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. African corn lily corn lily orris. touch-me-not jewelweed. woad dyer's woad. J. wilsonii Impatiens I. snapweed. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. crested i. horizontalis creeping j. officinale Juniperus J.. vomitoria 'Nana' I. cristata I.. water f. alba Iris I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. × germanica var. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. helenium Ipomoea I. chinensis var. tinctoria Inula I. jewelweed. maculata J Jasminum J. capensis Indigofera I. tinctoria Ixia I. florentina I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .
. sweet bay laurel. angustifolia L.. n. brandegeana shrimp plant J. dentata L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.. angustifolia subsp. indica Lamium L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. maculatum L. bay. dentata var.. n.Justicia water willow J. d. paradise p. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. carnea Brazilian-plume. dumb nettle. plume flower. king'scrown L Lactuca L. flamingo p. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. white d. album L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. nobilis Lavandula L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . plume plant.
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
benzoin Linum L. usitatissimum Liriope L. sativum Leucojum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. aestivum Levisticum L. candidum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. blue cardinal flower . statice statice toadflax spicebush. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.. lovage privet. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. marsh rosemary. summer s. muscari Lobelia L. officinale Ligustrum L. pepperwort. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. perenne L. hedge plant privet. leonurus Leontopodium L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L.
ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. coral h.L. gypsywort. penny f. silver-dollar. satin flower honesty. coronaria 'Alba' L. sempervirens Lunaria L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. honesty. vulgaris Lythrum L. maritima L. grandiflora M. catchfly mullein pink. lycopersicum var. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. flava L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . flos-curuli Lycopersicon L.. campion. coronaria L. europaeus Lysimachia L. money plant. annua Lychnis L. lycopersicum var. virginiana sweet alyssum. cordata Magnolia M. stellata M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. moonwort. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia.
× gentilis M. Virginia c. bergamot m. bee b. curly m. Scotch m. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. fastigiata Marrubium M. angustifolia M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. wild crab crab apple crab mallow.Mahonia M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. holly g... requienii M. aquatica M.. incana Melissa M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. longifolia M. horsemint . pennyroyal Corsican m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. menthella. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. lungwort bluebells. apple m. × piperita M. mountain g. American crab. lemon m.. blue barberry apple. × piperita var. Virginia b... suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. pineapple m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. imperial stock balm lemon b. sweet b. Brampton stock. stock stock.. alcea var. pulegium M. b. vulgare Matthiola M. cowslip. holly mahonia. officinalis Mentha M. holly barberry.. 'Guiding Star' M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M.. musk m. bluebells. citrata M. hupehensis Malva M. gillyflower. incanum M. white h. Oregon g.
Greek myrtle. pink b. fistulosa var. b.M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. textilis Myosotis M. Oswego tea. candleberry. swamp c. odorata Myrtus M. b. b. citriodora M. fistulosa M.. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. punctata Montia M. winter purslane. banana abaca. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. myrrh. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . white bee balm pink b. sweet cicely. Manila hemp forget-me-not. American m. red m. anise. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. white b. sylvatica Myrica M. menthifolia M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. Swedish m.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. lungwort blue 1.Poncirus P. balsam p. domestica P. vulgaris Prunus P.. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. aspen. widdy shrubby c. persica Pteridium P. elatior P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. granatum Pyrus P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. pensylvanica P. Americana P. brake. maritima P. hardy orange poplar. veris Prunella P. trifoliata Populus P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. sieboldii 'Alba' P.. hackmatack. tacamahac cinquefoil. golden hardhack. pasture b. angustifolia P. brake bracken. five-finger shrubby c. heal-all. all-heal salad burnet. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . nepalensis P. sand p.. hog-pasture b. Jerusalem sage. cowslip self-heal self-heal.
stellata R Ranunculus R. dog b. red currant. crowfoot lesser celandine.. eglantine. Bourbon r. gooseberry alpine c. gallica damask r. brier r. chinensis 'Minima' R.. . small c. garden r. moss r.. York-and-Lancaster r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. moss r. mountain c. dog r. brier Banksia r. garden c. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. banksiae R. cabbage r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. pie plant. eglanteria R. typhina Ribes R. purshiana Rheum R. alpinum R. ficaria Reseda R. luteola Rhamnus R. fairy r. sweetbrier French r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. pilewort mignonette weld. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. autumn damask r. sativum Rosa R. × borboniana R.Quercus Q.. 'Cinderella' R. pygmy r. China r. canina R.. rose.
acetosa R. rugosa R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. burnet r. chinquapin r... climbing r. sorrel. golden p. obtusifolius R. setigera R. Japanese r. Cherokee r. Turkestan r. Harison's yellow r. chestnut r. snowdwarf memorial r. polyantha r. laevigata R. hirta Rumex R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. r. wichuraiana R. madder bramble blackberry. rosemary pine-scented r. French sorrel rue . bitter d.. rosemary white r. × rehderana R. Scotch r. angustissimus R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. prostrate rosemary. spinosissima R. garden sorrel broad dock. moschata R. tinctorum Rubus R..'Officinalis' R. climbing r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. 'Schneezwerg' R. roxburghii R. × harisonii R. musk r. dock s. prairie r.
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microphylla S. sclarea S. bloodroot rue . pussy willow sage. guaranitica S. garden s. golden g. clary annual clary elder. clevelandii S. elegans S. caerula S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. gray sage. osier goat willow. viridis Sambucus S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. elderberry American e. leucophylla S. Mexican bush s. bloodroot red puccoon. s. canadensis willow. caprea Salvia S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. American e. purple sage baby sage garden sage. purple g. argentea S. s. purple variegated garden s. leucantha S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. greggii S. variegated garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. involucrata S.
atropurpurea Sedum S. hemp plant snake plant. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. pinnata S. devil's tongue. officinalis Sassafras S. marianum Sium S.Sanguisorba S. hortensis S. trifasciata Santolina S. Mary's t. virens Saponaria S. sweet s. orpine donkey's tail orpine. telephium Sempervivum S. roof h. mourning-bride stonecrop. milk t. albidum Satureja S. sisarum Solanum S. blessed t. tectorum Silybum S. hen-and-chickens. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. neapolitana S.. mad apple . lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. melongena var. St. good-luck plant.. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. lucky plant. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S.. jasminoides S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. skirret potato vine eggplant. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina.. canadensis Sansevieria S. live-forever houseleek. morganianum S. live-forever houseleek. pincushion flower pincushions.
× persica var. woundwort lamb's-ears. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. reticulata var. officinale S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. byzantina S. lutea Stokesia S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. big m. vulgaris 'Addie V. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. sorbifolia Sorbus S. americana Stachys S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. grandiflora S.. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. erecta marigold African m.. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S. californica Sorbaria S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. hedge nettle. patula melongene. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. lilac . laevis Symphytum S. laciniata Persian lilac S.
× citriodorus 'Aureus' T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. columnar y.T. tansy tansy. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. crispum Taraxacum T. dwarf m. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.. 'Argenteus' T. wood sage germander dwarf. yew conical y. vulgare var. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T.. sweet mace French m. signet m. filifolia T. culinary golden lemon t. canadense T. vulgare T. carnosus T. lucida T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. occidentalis Thymus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. germander American g. lemon t. marum Thuja T. . procumbent g. dense y. officinale Taxus T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. fruticans T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. upright y..
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odorus t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. herba-barona T. doerfleri T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. lanatum Trifolium T. nummularius T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. t. leucotrichus T. serpyllum T. . jasminoides Tragopogon T. pallasianus T. praecox T. wishbone flower. pratensis Trichostema T. zygis Torenia T. richardii subsp. crimson c. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. nitidus T.. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. red c.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T.. t. woolly thyme creeping t. praecox subsp. confederatej. creeping t. not culinary French t. lemon t. caraway t. glabrescens T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T.
'Triumphator' Tussilago T. huckleberry. maritima Urtica U. officinalis Verbascum V. . cranberry. 'Blizzard' T. farfara U Urginea U. blueberry. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s.Tropaeolum T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. velvet p. mullein mullein. pale yellow Darwin t. canadensis Tulipa T. early. tawny orange t. water-lily t. squill. serpyllifolia nasturtium. majus T.. tarda T. species t. tall n. red s. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion.. speedwell. flannel plant. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. blattaria V. olympicum V. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. 'General de Wet' T. minus Tsuga T. dioica V Vaccinium V. nettle stinging n. Indian cress dwarf n. officinalis V. laevifolium Valeriana V. thapsus Veronica V. clusiana T. angustifolium var. bitter Indian garden n. kaufmanniana T.
myrtle. arrowwood. zizanioides Viburnum V. minor Viola V. ladies-delight. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. tricolor V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X.. heartsease pansy. prunifolium Vinca V. carlesii V. khus-khus. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle... violet dog violet horned v. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. lesser p.Vetiveria V. nannyberry. heartsease. sheepberry. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. running m. × wittrockiana Vitis V. canina V. withe-rod vetiver. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. maple-leaved viburnum. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. cassinoides V. acerifolium V. sweet h. possum haw . lutea 'Splendens' V. odorata V.
Adam's-needle. ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 .