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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

especially poetry. punching. for they had no model and no guide. seven years ago. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. This was not to be. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Ginny had done some writing. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. The turning point came when. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . and the publisher. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. and the experience provided the final section of the book. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. Their energy and charm caught me up. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. pushing. This they did. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. with sparkling enthusiasm. build it. wheedling. bereft of hope. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. and I have had the pleasure of advising. responded with delight. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. alterations. carefully chosen. Again they revised. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. successes. more of them exist to serve as examples. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Then. It needs no sequel. and record every detailall of the failures. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. whether all their labor was to no avail. With false starts and honest stops.

The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Italics are always used for botanical names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. former generic names. the authors. To achieve this. historical interest. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Likewise.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. We. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. and these are capitalizedfor example. without accompanying commentary. by their owners. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. English thyme. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. The herb garden designs alone. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. and educational purpose. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. or by contributors." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. rather." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. A range of essential factors is considered herein. . While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. degree of maintenance required. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. while others were prepared by landscape designers. 1969 and 1980. Some of these were created by landscape architects. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. specialty. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. we completed a test garden. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Not all plants used are herbs. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. although countless common names exist. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation.

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who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. The late Raymond C. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Alice Skelsey. Wanda Ritchie. Trudi Bela. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. His assistant. and the horticulturist. Susan Frugé. Swanson and Robert B. president. has given us valuable information. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. and August Frugé.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Isaacson. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. too. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Recognition is due Robert B. former director of same. and Rexford Talbert. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Weatherhead. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. FAITH H. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. and Joanna Reed. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Lee Buss. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B.. which made possible the completion of our text. Eleanor Gambee. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. She has served. We are grateful to many. A lecturer on herbs.D. has been especially helpful over the years. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Special thanks are due James C. Richard T. Keebler and the late Everest P. Herbert J. Alexander Apanius. always encouraging us to stay with our project. former managing editors. Nell Neff. Jo Lohmolder. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Finally. have also been of assistance. M. and Elizabeth Bryce. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. past presidents. Betty Rea. librarian. as expediter and typist. Genevieve Jyurovat. Derthick. Rady.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. and hedges will have been located. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. new plants. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. the north point will have been indicated. some of which are evergreen. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. As Henry Beston reflects. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. As one constantly reinforces the other. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. Its interest is independent of flowers. lay out a plan of the property. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. "Not difficult to plan. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. In order to create a fine garden design. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. or an abandoned. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan." A good design does not "happen. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. fences. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. partially excavated area. to increase the value of the property. temples of worship. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. and structures. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. not at all difficult to maintain. If no . new ways of seeing. a front dooryard. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. and decisions must not be left to chance. Perennial herbs.

Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. measurements are in engineer's scale. fences. and hedges.

measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Other areas may require a smaller scale. measure to locate the house. Next. too. and the driveway. Here. to locate the house. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. In the absence of a survey map. A deed description. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. such as the one illustrated here. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. too. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. In this example. measurements are in engineer's scale. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. other significant structures. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. but with all needed information. will give the lot or acreage measurements. The object is to . the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are.

driveway. shrubs. The smaller the scale. < previous page page_3 next page > . triangleof inexpensive plastic.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. lines at an angle. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. paths. enclosures. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. and unusual land features noted. The tools needed for drawing are few. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. and parallel lines.

A toolhouse. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . old smokehouse. One basic rule is the higher the wall. Upkeep. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. In some cases. or summer kitchen is ideal. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. garage. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. With the plan on paper. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. iron. and hedges of hemlock. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. yew. and holly. In the designs that follow. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. gazebo. However. and stone. In the absence of a structure. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. bayberry." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. brick. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. greenhouse. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. deeply evergreen. Allow adequate room within the row. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. or pressure-treated lumber. Where air circulation is much needed. Equally important is proportion. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. annual painting is a necessity.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. used for dry wall or masonry construction. as an example. they can be made to order. Brick is the all-time favorite material. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. yew. such as bayberry. as in outdoor room dividers. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. If used. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. At first. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. railroad ties. Whatever the reason. for reinforcing the design. but the results will confirm this course. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. box. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. and rosemary. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. gray surfaces are found. the garden design is most attractive. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. too. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. elegant box. Lower cost is an advantage. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. cut stones. so give them much thought. Gates are part of the enclosure. it will seem too sparsely planted. and their styles are countless. or. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Stained. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Generally. whether it will be rocks. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. When used with a hedge. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. if wood is the material of choice. Rosemary. For example. a temporary garden that may be changed later. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Styles are legion. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. . or natural. Stone. however. If desired. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. some deciduous and some evergreen. holly. painted. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. landscape timbers. When this reinforcement is understated. bricks. for example. In some climates. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall.

The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. there is a necessary. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. Conversely. awkward and unsafe.Steps When constructing steps.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. rosy pink. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Access paths. Paths must be ample. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. The colors are various: terracotta. and maintenance. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. There are. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. or red. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. however. appearance. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. too. making the design more evident. A width of four feet allows room for turning. but should be compatible with. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. the greater the tread. Step materials need not be the same as. for example. cost. If groups are walking through. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. their use no less than comfortable. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. because they are just that. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles.

A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .

and many good references are available.) To avoid having a slippery surface. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. a soft-lead pencil in hand. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. too. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. serviceberry. With these recommendations in mind.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. If the garden is made up of separate beds. or trees to be considered. bark or pine needles can be used. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. a result being hazardous footing. they should not shade the herbs too much. is an enjoyable experience. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. This. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. When they mature. They are easily renewed as they break down. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. shrubs. prepare a planting plan for each. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. shad Malus coronaria. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum.

for example. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . a focal point is customarily used. one-half inch equals one foot. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Artifacts As with other gardens. whether they are invasive or tall growing. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. such as the one illustrated here. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Sept. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. noting well their growth habits. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. too. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. however. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. it is easily read and easily erased. Do use a soft-lead pencil. 'Mount Hood daff. or whatever is best in your case. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Often this center of interest is a sundial. lemon thyme. It needs.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. for example.

If a statue less than life-size is used. a niche of its own should be created. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. Again. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. < previous page page_9 next page > .R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. the height of a fence to the house. It is then in scale with its frame. and a good sense of proportion is achieved.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. Except for two. For easy reference. the designs have a decorative north point. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. with one basic rule always needing to be observed.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a stylized drawing of an ovary. that of good proportion. However. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > .

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. With color and texture considered for contrast. fennel 2. Landscape Architect. 22. salad burnet 12. A. 5.Thymus praecox subsp. or other structure. Foeniculum vulgare.Viola tricolor. sweet 25. lemon balm . which is used here in relation to a garage. bee balm 13. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 14. summer 23.Ocimum basilicum. 7. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 21. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.L. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.A. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Origanum majorana.Satureja montana.Poterium sanguisorba. Lavenders accent the front corners. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 1. lovage 17. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. 3. arcticus 27. The rules of symmetry are observed. 16. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. The first number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 15. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. 4. 6. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.S.Satureja hortensis. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Galium odoratum. rose 24.Melissa officinalis. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. dill cerasiforme.Allium 11. sativa.Lobularia maritima.Lavandula savory angustifolia. a fence.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. 26.

costmary 'Albus'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. dwarf garden 20.Porrum Group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly parsley 10. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . chive 18.Origanum heracleoticum. 19.Salvia officinalis. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Pelargonium × limoneum.8. leek 9. Greek 28.Petroselinum crispum var.

bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. lemon verbena 21. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Lavandula angustifolia. white 20.Artemisia dracunculus var. curly parsley sativa.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Pelargonium tomentosum. 12. bush basil 3. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. 1. .Allium schoenoprasum. perhaps overgrown with weeds. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Aloysia triphylla. 9.Poterium sanguisorba. 11. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. rose 19.Pelargonium graveolens. French tarragon 2. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Monarda didyma. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. Petroselinum crispum var. 18.Satureja hortensis. 17. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 13.Foeniculum vulgare. as was done here.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. summer 10.

Galium odoratum.salad burnet 6. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. eglantine 23.Origanum majorana. English'. English thyme dill 8. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosa eglanteria. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. 16. 14.Thymus × citriodorus.

Levisticum officinale. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. The garden is conveniently located.Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. sweet marjoram 3. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. spearmint 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Petroselinum crispum. Even in limited space. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. however. making the beds larger and the paths wider. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. lovage 15.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. Origanum majorana.Taxus cuspidata. however. Japanese yew 17. and the plan could be used at a front door.Chionanthus virginicus. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. salad burnet 14. summer savory 11.Allium schoenoprasum. parsley 5. The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 8. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. still observing a scale. English thyme Greek oregano 4.A. 9. A. sativa. . Then the design might need to be expanded. dill 2.Satureja hortensis. 7.L. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Mentha spicata.S. 13. lemon thyme 10. Origanum heracleoticum.

Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil chive 12.6.

the challenge is obvious. 32. Monarda didyma. wild ginger 27.Osmunda cinnamomea. yellow 29. blue lungwort 26. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. Dictamnus albus. fraxinella 15. 7.S. Christmas fern 5. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.Digitalis grandiflora.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet violet 16. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.Origanum majorana. bee balm 14.Allium ampeloprasum. fennel 19. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. Landscape Architect.Convallaria majalis. 31. 25.Polystichum acrostichoides. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 6. The long. cinnamon fern 4. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. Viola odorata. 18.Primula vulgaris.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 17. 33. 30. This is an intimate garden.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. 9. 13. lavender marjoram 2. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon thyme 28.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Stachys byzantina.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.L. salad 20. The number in each planting area is the key number.Polemonium reptans.A.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . hop sativa. A. Jacob's-ladder 3. 8. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. leek Foeniculum vulgare. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Humulus lupulus. 1. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. summer 21. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Asarum canadense.

lilac 10.Petroselinum crispum var. French'.Sorbus americana.savory germander Willmott'. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . 35. yellow bedstraw 23.Galium verum.Korean box 11.Satureja montana. winter savory 24.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. Canada hemlock Standard'. curly parsley mountain ash 12. crispum.Galium odoratum. sweet 34.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Buxus microphylla var. French thyme woodruff koreana.Tsuga canadensis.

it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. this design can be an inspiration.Salvia officinalis. geometric design. Italian parsley ." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. 19. neapolitanum.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. dill 10. One of the beds.Origanum heracleoticum. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. 1. garden sage 20. it became part of the patio. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Even so. Surprisingly.Petroselinum crispum var.Rumex scutatus. It is a pleasing. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Aloysia triphylla. To be placed near the kitchen. lemon verbena 2.

Melissa officinalis.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. French tarragon 5. chervil marjoram 21. chive 25.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. Alpine strawberry 7. crispum. sweet 13.Ocimum basilicum. summer savory 23. sweet 18. lemon basil 9.3. basil sativa.Poterium sanguisorba. purple basil 4.Borago officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 12.Allium tuberosum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. salad 15. curly parsley 22.Myrrhis odorata. garlic chive 26.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon balm cicely 6. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Anthriscus cerefolium. sweet 14.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var. winter savory 24.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. 16.Satureja montana. borage 'Purpurascens'. English thyme bush basil 8.17.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.

Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. 19. it is full of interesting angles. sweet 13.Lavandula angustifolia. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. D. purple basil 4.Thymus × citriodorus. rosemary 3. so. blue 22. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. winter 21. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Pelargonium in variety. lamb's-ears 20.Stachys byzantina.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. English lavender 10. too. The center beds here were established in this way. sweet cicely 23. green santolina 12. 14. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. To increase the planting area. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. the work paths could be eliminated. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Santolina virens. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. 1. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Galium odoratum. As a whole.C. it is an unusual.Myrrhis odorata. geometric design. scented-leaf geranium 2. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. Created in an orderly way.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Satureja montana. gray .Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.

Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia camphorata.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 16. silver mound artemisia 18. horehound24. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ilex opaca.Myrtus communis. clove pink 7. classic myrtle 9.Dianthus caryophyllus. French thyme santolina 15.6. 25.

the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. sweet basil 4.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sweet woodruff 5. sativa. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Artemisia absinthium. yarrow 12. this herb garden is secluded. rosemary 15. Coix lacryma-jobi. French tarragon 14. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. casts the shadow for the hour. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana. Ocimum basilicum. lemon balm 22.Artemisia dracunculus var. purple basil 3. Its arrow points north and. Lavandula angustifolia.Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp. pot marigold 24. 1. English lavender 6.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Achillea millefolium. blue hyssop 2. tansy 25. Sometimes space is limited. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. arcticus 21. absinthe 26. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Chamaemelum .Borago officinalis. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. Job's tears 11. winter savory 16.Calendula officinalis. Galium odoratum. gray santolina 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.Hyssopus officinalis. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. borage 23.Melissa officinalis. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. which adds its impression of warmth. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. This center of interest is of particular note. too.

marjoram pecan 10. chamomile 17.7.Origanum vulgare. costmary 'Albus'.Origanum majorana.Symphytum officinale. white creeping thyme nobile. pineapplescented sage 9. variegated garden sage 8.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Carya illinoinensis. scented-leaf 27.Pelargonium in variety. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . garden sage 19. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Syringa. Salvia elegans. comfrey20. sweet 29.Chrysanthemum balsamita. wild marjoram 28. Salvia officinalis. chive 18.

sativa. Anthriscus cerefolium. 30. horehound 33. true ginger16. 36.Melissa officinalis. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 3. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. The more invasive ones.Apium graveolens.Pelargonium graveolens.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. garlic Levisticum officinale. purple basil Zingiber officinale. dill 20. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium sativum.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. lemon balm 35. blue 23. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 7. When controlled in this way. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. hyssop Meyer lemon .Origanum majorana.Ipomoea alba. lovage 22. 6.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet 34. French sorrel 21. parsley 17.Myrrhis odorata. chervil 15. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. sunken into the ground.Ruta graveolens. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 9.Artemisia dracunculus var. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Marrubium vulgare. 18. sweet cicely 37. 29.Allium schoenoprasum. rose geranium 2. 19. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. summer 32. 1. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. rue 31. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Salvia officinalis. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 5.Galium odoratum.Satureja hortensis. 4. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 8.

Magnolia virginiana. lemon verbena 11.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus. dwarf nasturtium 13. French thyme 24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. bush basil 14.Aloysia triphylla. salad burnet 25. sweet basil 38. Greek oregano 12.Mentha spicata.Origanum heracleoticum. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . spearmint 27.Tropaeolum minus. Japanese yew 39.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Ocimum basilicum.Poterium sanguisorba.10. English thyme 26. lemonthyme 28.

however. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. < previous page page_22 next page > . a quick way to ensure good drainage. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. "Simplify. but. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. simplify!. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. whatever the reason." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Lindera benzoin. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . parsley 2.Ocimum basilicum.Capsicum frutescens.Galium odoratum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. jewelweed24. balm sativa. summer basil savory 7.Monarda didyma. rue 20.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Satureja hortensis. bee balm 19. lettuce 10. French tarragon 5.Melissa officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides.Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia dracunculus var. 16.Mentha spicata.Salvia officinalis.Origanum majorana. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. aloe Grossum Group. 14.Aloe barbadensis. tomato American pennyroyal 4. bell pepper 6.Allium fistulosum. sweet 25. dill 13.Tanacetum vulgare.Petroselinum crispum.Impatiens capensis.Lactuca sativa. spicebush absinthe French'.Anethum graveolens.Ruta graveolens. 18.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha x piperita.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage 3. 12. 26. peppermint 23. arcticus. sweet 17. sweet 15. spearmint 21. lemon 22.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. 1. tansy 11. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. French thyme 2.Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 14. A low wall of brick. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. germander 7. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 8. too.Pelargonium in variety. Russian 13. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. encloses this plan. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. 1. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. . Perovskia abrotanoides. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. horizontally laid bluestone. faced and capped with random.

Campsis radicans. lemon thyme 10.Alchemilla vulgaris. trumpet vine 16. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Viburnum cassinoides.Hamamelis virginiana. St.angustifolia. white creeping thyme 5. arcticus 'Albus'. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis.Galium odoratum. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . witch hazel 18.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon balm hyssop 12. lady's6.Hyssopus officinalis.-John'swort 17. crimson creeping thyme 9. blue 11. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 3.Santolina neapolitana 4.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.

To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. holly. box. lilac. < previous page page_28 next page > . privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. However. It is. Germander is a proper edging here. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. Although this is not a large garden. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. however. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. the shrubsyew. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Simkins'.Iris cristata. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 12.Comptonia peregrina.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Salvia leucophylla.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Alchemilla vulgaris.Teucrium chamaedrys. broom 40. lilac 45. woolly thyme 7. red creeping thyme 10.Santolina virens. lavender 22.Syringa patula.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. 9. arcticus 'Coccineus'. mantle chamomile 5. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. lady's. sweet albula. arcticus 'Albus'.Dictamnus albus. columnal yew 43.Borago officinalis. lamb'sears 35. white hyssop 4. Japanese yew 44. 21.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Ruta graveolens.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Artemisia frigida. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. 18.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Chamaemelum nobile. Marrubium vulgare. prostrate rosemary 13. gray sage savory 14. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Stachys byzantina.Thymus praecox subsp. Japanese holly 42. florentina. white creeping thyme 37. dwarf box 41.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. alpine strawberry 8. fringed wormwood 16. blue horehound hyssop 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. cottage pink 2.Satureja montana.Iris × germanica var. clary 30. orris 38.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Heliotropium arborescens. dwarf crested iris 39.Cytisus supinus. Japanese holly 47. classic myrtle 15.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. Thymus praecox subsp. fraxinella 33. Mentha requienii. rue 6. 23. mint silver mound artemisia 25. Corsican 24.Anemone pulsatilla. Myrrhis odorata. germander 36.Santolina pinnata 34. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. winter 29.20. dwarf privet 48. sweet violet 19. sweet cicely17.Artemisia camphorata.Eloise & Jo Ray. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 32.Salvia sclarea. Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme 31.Hyssopus officinalis.Myrtus communis. santolina alpine pink 28. 26. green 27. Viola odorata.

Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. This hedge. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. as is true here in the vegetable garden. a cutting garden.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. Other paths are brick. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. while adding to the enclosure of the area. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. an herb garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. < previous page page_30 next page > . These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. the center of interest for the herb garden. and a vegetable garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. a running bond pattern. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square.

Landscape Architect.A. .< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. A.S.

Allium schoenoprasum. Louise'. 53.Lilium candidum. Achillea taygetea. Christmas 48. 32. blue hyssop 43. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. lemon thyme 40. blue iris 9.The number in each planting area is the key number.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 47. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Galium odoratum.Allium christophii.Stachys byzantina.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Ocimum basilicum 54. French tarragon 8. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Digitalis grandiflora.Helleborus niger. summer 34. yellow 24. sativa. statice Solemacher'. lavender 18.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. lemon 29. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. sweet marjoram 45. green santolina 42. 37. starsMaxima'.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia sclarea. cottage pink French'.Thymus × citriodorus.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Satureja hortensis. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. yellow 35. dill wishbone flower 5. germander 39. blue 27.Origanum heracleoticum. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. sweet 51.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Anethum graveolens 23. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. pale 28. garden sage 56. alpine strawberry 3.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. clary 46.Hemerocallis × luteola. Campanula persicifolia. fraxinella 26. double white peony of-Persia 12.Ribes alpinum.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Stokesia laevis. winter savory 44. bush basil 41. candytuft Standard'.Salvia officinalis. 1. 55. York-andLancaster rose 16. Aquilegia chrysantha. 22.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. yellow epimedium 15. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Teucrium chamaedrys. white 'Bouquet'.Aloysia triphylla.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Petroselinum crispum var.Santolina virens.Origanum majorana. verbena rose chive 11. lamb's-ears 49.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Polystichum acrostichoides. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. Dictamnus albus.Pelargonium in variety. 52. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 14.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Rosmarinus officinalis. 50. Stokes' aster 31. helenium 4. plantain lily 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French thyme 7.Magnolia virginiana.Limonium latifolium.Satureja montana.

While serving as a soil retainer. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. < previous page page_32 next page > . An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. as in this case. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. a retaining wall or walls are needed. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area.

Solanum pseudocapsicum.Iris pseudacorus. English 44. lemon 22. borage 26. 21.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. lemon verbena 46. 42. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Thymus × citriodorus. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Mentha spicata.45. sweet 23.Galium odoratum. spearmint 41.A.Aloysia triphylla. Borago officinalis.A.Lavandula angustifolia. Monarda didyma. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. crispum. bee balm 24. lady's43. Stachys byzantina.Iris cristata.Alchemilla vulgaris. F. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.R. Landscape Architect.Viola odorata. lamb's25. Melissa officinalis. . Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare var. The number in each planting area is the key number. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.

catnip 50. 33. myrtle 58. horehound neapolitanum.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Salvia officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Petroselinum crispum var. polyantha rose 12.Petroselinum crispum var.Cassia marilandica. rue 51. 40. tabasco senna pepper 20. Egyptian onion 11. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. fennel 35.Artemisia absinthium.Anethum graveolens. absinthe English thyme 27.Marrubium vulgare. pineapple38. citrata. leek 49.Allium cepa. southernwood 31.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon holly 13. dill 34.Capsicum frutescens. pennyroyal 54. rosemary 9. Greek 53. 56. carpet bugleweed 8. sweet marjoram 28. flowering dogwood 15.Rosa × rehderana. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Artemisia dracunculus var. 57. summer 32.Foeniculum vulgare.Vinca minor.Allium ampeloprasum.Origanum majorana.Quercus stellata.Allium sativum. Rosmarinus officinalis. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . salad burnet 10.7.Origanum heracleoticum. Ajuga reptans.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. mullein chive 47.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha pulegium.Salvia elegans.Mentha × piperita var. Poterium sanguisorba.Artemisia abrotanum.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. garden sage 36. 52.Chrysanthemum balsamita. curly parsley oak 17. orange mint 29. pink hawthorn 16. garlic chive 48.Verbascum thapsus. Proliferum Group. Porrum Group. post crispum 'Banquet'. clove 55.Crataegus arkansana.Nepeta cataria.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Ruta graveolens. wild 39.Elaeagnus pungens. curly mint 30.Allium tuberosum. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. 37.Cornus florida. savory sativa.

A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. < previous page page_34 next page > . the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. sleep pillows. However. mothproofing bags.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. Although this is a northeast exposure. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. and vinegars. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.

Salvia officinalis. garden sage 2. lavender 7.Tsuga canadensis. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. burnet lovage 6.Valeriana officinalis. pot 28.Tanacetum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. dwarf savory garden sage 13. florentina.Rosmarinus officinalis. balm valerian 15.Calendula officinalis. salad 22.Laurus nobilis. lemon 31.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium cepa. 23. dwarf nasturtium 37. Thymus × citriodorus. Lactuca. anise hyssop 14. orris 17.Alchemilla vulgaris. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Rumex scutatus.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium pulchellum 47. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. daylily in variety 41.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia elegans. tansy 16. 21. sativa. crispum. lemon 18. southernwood 9.Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium graveolens. lilac 32.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Iris × germanica var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. rue 26. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Hallock'. Artemisia pontica. Petroselinum crispum var. English finger-bowl geranium 38. purple basil sage 11. 'President Poincare'. winter 29. round-headed garlic 46. 24.Satureja montana.Pelargonium fragrans. blue hyssop 35.Salvia oficinalis. French tarragon 10. 50.Ocimum basilicum 27.Galium odoratum. peppermint geranium 40.Tropaeolum minus. French gray santolina sorrel 8. Roman 20.Hyssopus officinalis .Allium sphaerocephalum.Hemerocallis. 19. costmary 5. Poterium sanguisorba. 49. lettuce in variety 25.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Thuja occidentalis. 'Monge'. Proliferum Group. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Allium sativum var.Pelargonium tomentosum. Ruta graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum. nutmeg geranium 39. 1. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. chive 43.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. bay 48. bee balm 30. garden 'Purpurascens'.Agastache foeniculum. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium moly. Egyptian onion 42.Aloysia triphylla. lily leek 44. lemon verbena 36.

with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. Invasive. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. < previous page page_36 next page > . A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. is the focus of the middle level. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. A simple knot. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs.

Monarda didyma. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. foxglove 4. summer savory 43.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Armeria maritima.Satureja hortensis.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound 46. fennel 25.Marrubium vulgare. thyme 3.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. dwarf winter savory 2. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. golden thyme . 1.Poterium sanguisorba. valerian 5. white thrift 24. Satureja montana 'Nana'. salad burnet 23. pineapplescented sage 47. French tarragon 44.Sempervivum tectorum. Valeriana officinalis. Digitalis purpurea. pineapple mint 22.Salvia elegans. bee balm 26.Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa. houseleek 45.

Calendula officinalis.Lilium candidum. Dictamnus albus.Artemisia absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis. dyer's woad 7.Symphytum officinale.Ruta graveolens. skirret 60. Madonna cicely lily 12. lavender Christmas rose 11. sweet basil sage 27. 33.Helleborus orientalis.Rosa chinensis.6. angelica Lenten rose 10.Alchemilla vulgaris. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. dwarf edging box 21.Agrimonia eupatoria. 30. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Ocimum basilicum. 40.Origanum majorana. French'.Chrysanthemum 36.Thymus praecox subsp.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. Salvia sclarea. marigold chive 15. 38.Anemone pulsatilla. white creeping thyme aconite 14. Isatis tinctoria.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. yellow 41.Sium sisarum. annual clary 51.Levisticum officinale. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . 39.Galium verum.Rosa eglanteria.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia officinalis. garden 42. viper's 34. rue 31. sweet 32. English 52. sweet 37. rosemary 28. 54. pot 35.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 61.Echium vulgare.Galium odoratum. fraxinella 8.Helleborus niger.Salvia viridis. blue hyssop 57. arcticus 55. clary 48. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. germander 56.Allium schoenoprasum.Eranthis hyemalis. China rose comfrey 19. pink 59. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. feverfew climbing rose 16. parthenium.Crocus sativus. pink 62. sweet 50.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. white 58.Lavandula angustifolia. Angelica archangelica. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Hyssopus officinalis.Laurus nobilis. absinthe 53.Myrrhis odorata.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.

The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. < previous page page_38 next page > . The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Carya ovata. and the shagbark hickory. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. There is variety in this plan. even though space is limited. However. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton.

English ivy Buxus sempervirens. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. sweet basil Satureja montana. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Asarum canadense. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. Marrubium vulgare.Galium verum. angelica Mondarda didyma. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. box Ruta graveolens. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. flax Buxus sempervirens. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. box Carya ovata. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. germander Agastache foeniculum. French Galium odoratum. citrata. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. Canada Isatis tinctoria. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. dogwood Salvia sclarea. chive Ilex opaca. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys.Arisaema triphyllum. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. red mint . rosemary Anchusa officinalis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. Poterium sanguisorba. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. Adiantum pedatum. bee balm Melissa officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. stewardsonii. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. rue Cornusflorida. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. Artemisia absinthium. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. valerian Rosa damascena. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa. borage Petroselinum crispum. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. green santolina Primula veris. Aloysia triphylla. box Buxus sempervirens. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. lamb's.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

< previous page page_40 next page > . However. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. this excavation. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. A singular statue of St. unplanned look was desired. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. An informal. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. is on a sandy knoll.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. it is open on the side facing the house. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A clump of birch here. a dipping pool there. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. For this appearance. first intended for the construction of a cottage. too. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

gray scented sage santolina 4. 53.Salvia elegans. 79.Pelargonium odoratissimum. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Pelargonium graveolens. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Satureja hortensis.Anthriscus cerefolium.Stachys byzantina. sweet 71.Althaea officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Mentha pulegium. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus herba-barona.Origanum onites. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum. blue 2.Betula papyrifera.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 77. 72. 12.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Ocimum basilicum. Iris × germanica var. wild 51. 1. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. myrtle 14. 68. creeping juniper 26.Urginea maritima. Ruta graveolens. 65.Teucrium canadense. 61. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Rosa 'Merry England'.Achillea tomentosa. 78.Satureja montana. 75. 8. orris chamaecyparissus. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. purple basil 9.Armeria maritima. orange geranium 11.Coriandrum sativum.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Pelargonium tomentosum. woolly thyme 13.Digitalis grandiflora. 30. 64. peppermint 47. Sempervivum tectorum. 58. horehound mallow foxglove 16. chive crispum.Angelica archangelica. lemon balm 44. marsh 42. Thymus praecox subsp.Vinca minor. 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium quercifolium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Mentha suaveolens. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. thrift55.Pelargonium crispum. 60. 70. red mint 48.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 69. 32.Origanum vulgare.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium denticulatum. feverfew 27.Tanacetum vulgare var. 63.Allium favum lovage 22.Santolina florentina. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Viola tricolor.Glechoma hederacea. celandine cicely 18.Myrrhis odorata.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. Johnny-jump-up54.Digitalis purpurea.The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 20.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Poterium sanguisorba.Anethum graveolens. 36. bee balm . 52. sea onion angelica 24.Lavandula angustifolia. catnip 73.Monarda didyma. white birch English lavender parthenium. 74. pennyroyal 46. rose geranium 10. lemon 35. 31.Salvia officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. Artemisia dracunculusvar. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Consolida orientalis. rose bergamot valerian 25.Convallaria majalis.Nepeta cataria. 67. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Valeriana officinalis. rue 29. 38. fern-leaf tansy 23. French'. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. pot 66. golden 37.Origanum majorana. pineapple3.Allium schoenoprasum. Thymus × citriodorus.Pulmonaria officinalis. 59. garden sage lungwort 57. 33.Petroselinum crispum.Melissa officinalis. apple mint 49. mint 50.Thymus praecox subsp. 34. spearmint 45. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Marrubium vulgare.Ajuga reptans.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Mentha × gentilis. wild 43. 76. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Chrysanthemum 80.Monarda fistulosa. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Chelidonium majus.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. < previous page page_42 next page > . the same as the smokehouse construction. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. the accents of the six large box. Foundation stone. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Because of the edging box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. and the two small trees. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. is used for the wall. making it more a part of the herb garden. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. handsomely enclosing the herb garden.

A. A. .S.L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.

Myrrhis odorata.Buxus sempervirens. Origanum majorana.Lilium candidum. English 'Minimum'. European ginger 4. bee balm 29. 47.The number in each planting area is the key number. crownbasil savory imperial 11. orange mint 19.Prunus domestica.Aloysia triphylla. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. white 23.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Viola tricolor.Levisticum officinale.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 44. balsamita.Pulmonaria officinalis. Symphytum officinale.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. 41. 31.Ocimum basilicum. box 'Citriodorum'.Fritillaria imperialis.Angelica archangelica.Galium odoratum. sweet marjoram 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 1. lovage 46. fraxinella 17. blue angelica lungwort 20. sweet 37. dwarf edging box 14. Pelargonium graveolens.Melissa officinalis.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . verbena English thyme 5.38.Crocus. lady's.Ocimum basilicum 32. summer 25. 35. lemon basil 15.Allium giganteum.Crataegus laevigata.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Purpurascens'.Chrysanthemum 28. Satureja hortensis. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia dracunculus var. 40. purple basil sativa.Mentha × piperita var. 22.Allium schoenoprasum.Tanacetum vulgare var. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Mentha spicata. fringed 43. spearmint 48. Lavandula angustifolia. 27.Alchemilla vulgaris.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. rosemary 3. lemon 34. lemon 36. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. Ocimum basilicum 24. winter 42. sweet 26. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Artemisia frigida.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. pineapple mint 18.Mentha × piperita. sweet cicely45.Mentha requienii. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 21. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. balm citrata. Asarum europaeum. Corsican 33.Satureja montana. Dictamnus albus. 39. species in variety crispum.Ocimum basilicum 30.

two specimen shrubs. Lowgrowing. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. although it is ample at four feet. The dipping bowl. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. This hedge. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. pink of Dianthus.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Instead. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. the dwarf box edging. too. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. a soil retainer. This is true also of the stone curbing. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. < previous page page_44 next page > . and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season.

.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.A.S.L. Landscape Architect.

lemon 60. 40.Galium odoratum. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. spearmint 48. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. Stachys byzantina. winter savory 39. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium in variety. white 42.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. gray 22. arcticus 30. 17.Angelica archangelica.Narcissus triandrus var.Anemone blanda. 46.Heliotropium arborescens.Allium christophii. 44.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. sweet 47. orange mint 8. 51. Thymus doerfleri.Salvia sclarea.Santolina virens.Hamamelis virginiana.Crocus angustifolius.Ocimum basilicum. 'Lanuginosus'. 36.Mentha × piperita. angustifolia 'Nana'.Crocus tomasinianus.Aloysia triphylla. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. Spanish bluebell 16. Madonna 63. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Teucrium canadense.Mentha × piperita var. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Levisticum officinale.Nepeta mussinii. lily. verbena snowflake 19. rue25. Origanum majorana.Mertensia virginica. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Digitalis grandiflora.Lilium candidum.Convallaria majalis.Galanthus nivalis. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 49. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Myrica pensylvanica.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Mentha spicata. clary 32. borage 31.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 52. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Borago officinalis.57.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. green santolina 37.Crocus kotschyanus. 56. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. 26. tulip citrata.Cimicifuga racemosa.The number in each planting area is the key number.Dicentra spectabilis. caraway thyme albus. lamb's-ears 28.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 53. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. lemon 33.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. golden thyme41. 43. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. thyme 29.Crocus speciosus.Satureja montana.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Pelargonium in variety.Narcissus asturiensis. Salvia officinalis.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Helleborus niger. arcticus 34.Thymus herba-barona. black cohosh windflower 15. American 38.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. 54. catmint 35. sweet 27. 58. angel's-tears 59. white creeping thyme lovage 10. 50.Helleborus lividus subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. 2.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. prostrate rosemary 18. 61. sweet 55. Compactus'.Tulipa clusiana.Sternbergia lutea. Thymus praecox subsp. 45.Leucojum aestivum. marjoram crocus 7. 20.

The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. First. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Second. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The results have been most satisfying. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Morning sun warms it early.

A. Artemisia absinthium 24. marigold 41. Thymus praecox subsp. Porrum Group. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Artemisia lactiflora. clary thyme 22.Allium neapolitanum. .Apium graveolens. woolly thyme 3. The number in each planting area is the key number.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. French tarragon 5. 26. lemon 21.Tulipa tarda. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. wild celery 42. 1.Crocus sieberi. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. crocus 44. leek 46.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garden sage 4. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.L.S.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Ocimum basilicum. A. 25.Salvia sclarea. Origanum heracleoticum.Allium ampeloprasum.Salvia officinalis. tulip 45. Beauty'. Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil 23. 'Lambrook Silver'. absinthe sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var. English thyme 43.

Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Dianthus × allwoodii. dogwood 19.Digitalis grandiflora.Rosmarinus officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia. green 40.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. lovage 34.Ilex opaca. 54. 39. catmint 53. alpine 28. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. 56.Petroselinum crispum var.Achillea filipendula 60.Ribes sativum. 29. fraxinella 36. bee balm foxglove Choice'. clematis 11. 58. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Tropaeolum minus. Viola odorata. great 31.Asclepias tuberosa. yellow 55. weed chive 48.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. white evergreen azalea 16.Lobelia siphilitica.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Origanum majorana. American elderberry 15. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Artemisia camphorata.Stachys byzantina.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Nepeta × faassenii. Robert verbena Brydon'.Allium schoenoprasum.Crataegus phaenopyrum. lemon 50. viola holly 18. sweet 37.Malus hupehensis. monkshood upright yew 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Ipomoea alba. butterfly 47. pale 49. curly parsley 20.Clematis 'Mrs. red currant gray santolina 13.foxglove 7. American marjoram Yellow'. pink 30.Hyssopus officinalis.Cornus florida. 8. lamb's-ears 52. lobelia Sherbert'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Dictamnus albus. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Santolina virens. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Aloysia triphylla. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Allium senescens var.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. 32.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Aconitum napellus.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Galium mollugo. blue 38.Levisticum officinale.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. A birdbath of copper. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. The four herb beds. repeats again the octagonal form. even though the growing area is not extensive. are raised with bricks on edge. an impression of Sol in it. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Artemisia absinthium. English thyme horehound 2.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Heliotropium arborescens. curly mint 3. lamb's-ears 17.Pelargonium denticulatum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. rue 35. curly parsley 32. catmint 6.Pelargonium odoratissimum. spearmint southernwood 5.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Semple.Pelargonium crispum.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia.Pelargonium graveolens. dill 18. prostrate rosemary 34. 16. peppermint 4. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Anethum graveolens.Ruta graveolens.Salvia officinalis.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. 19. Galium odoratum.Poterium sanguisorba. absinthe 20. variegated garden sage 37. golden variegated garden sage 38. thyme salad burnet 40. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Stachys byzantina. lemon 41. rosemary 33. lemon 39.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crispum. clary 21. purple basil 24.Nepeta mussinii.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 43. bush basil 23. white creeping thyme 12. French tarragon 7. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Allium tuberosum.Pelargonium tomentosum. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata. 1. 42. lemon 30. lavender 15.Allium schoenoprasum. 27. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. sweet woodruff 9.Lavandula dentata. French 26. silver mound artemisia 8. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. clove pink 10. sweet basil 22. orange santolina geranium 11. 28.Salvia sclarea. purple variegated garden sage 36. gray 'Prince of Orange'. heliotrope 31.Petroselinum crispum var. Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus × citriodorus.Marrubium vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Ocimum basilicum.Aloysia triphylla.Joan E. 29.Santolina 25. sativa.

< previous page page_52 next page > . Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. a toolhouse. and lantana are a few. lemon verbena. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose geranium. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. A suitable fence. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. too. A birdbath may replace the pool. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. if neither is available. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. rose.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Aloysia triphylla.Chenopodium botrys. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. absinthe 'Minimum'. 1. bush basil 5.Pelargonium frutetorum. white creeping thyme 2. lavender 3.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. lemon 10. Thymus praecox subsp.L.Artemisia absinthium 11.S. geranium 16.Santolina virens. 7.Rosmarinus officinalis. heliotrope 21. sweet santolina marjoram 6. lemon thyme 20. 13. verbena ambrosia 4.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.A. rosescented geranium 17.Origanum majorana. Landscape Architect. crispum.Thymus × citriodorus.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Thymus praecox subsp.Heliotropium arborescens. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. The number in each planting area is the key number. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . A. zonal geranium 18. green 12.Chamaemelum nobile.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. woolly thyme 15. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Tanacetum vulgare var. fern-leaf tansy 8. arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina chamomile 14. 9. zonal geranium 19.

Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. artemisias. Hyssop hedges define the circles. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. the design is clearly traced.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. These can easily obliterate a design. Box and holly enclose it all. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. box. mints. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. but the design itself has endured forty years. a deep mauve to others. Angelica. As the snows melt. The dwarf box frames the focal point. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. apothecary's rose. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. a sundial.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Canadian burnet 13. 67. Dianthus caryophyllus. gray 37. valerian 6. white creeping thyme French'. French thyme Madonna lily 16. Origanum majorana.Arisaema dracontium.Thymus praecox subsp. white dead 49.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lady's-mantle 46.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. Satureja montana. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula dentata.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. thrift 41. piney 44. 56. 1.Alchemilla alpina. wild 52.Foeniculum vulgare.James D. germander 43.Sium sisarum.30. lilac 70. daffodil 17. 58. green santolina 24.Myrrhis odorata. pot bergamot marjoram 7. 65.Paeonia officinalis. scented.Vitis.Armeria maritima. weld 54. 59. chamomile 31.Teucrium chamaedrys.Helleborus atrorubens 12. 48. green.63.Lilium candidum. Tropaeolum majus.Stachys byzantina.Hyssopus officinalis. butterfly weed35.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Taxus. arcticus 39. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. Pelargonium in variety. rue 23.Alchemilla vulgaris. feverfew 14. lamb's-ears 33. arcticus 40. blue hyssop 42.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. apothecary's rose lavender 20. garden sage Christmas rose 10. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. 'Albus'. yew Beauty'. orris box 22.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. masterwort 69. orris 57. alpine 60.Origanum onites.Buxus sempervirens.Isatis tinctoria.Astrantia major. white 66. southernwood 2.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. grape fennel 19.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box 21.Asclepias tuberosa.Perillafrutescens.Monarda fistulosa. 26.Syringa.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. winter savory 32. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. crimson creeping thyme 18. marjoram lungwort crispum. Santolina virens.Galium odoratum.47. blue 50.Helleborus orientalis.Pyrus communis.Allium schoenoprasum. fern-leaf tansy 5. florentina. nasturtium 28.Sedum telephium.Artemisia absinthium.Pulmonaria officinalis. arcticus 38.Symphytum officinale.Artemisia camphorata.Asarum europaeum. 62.Thymus praecox subsp. Graham. rosemary 25.Lamium album.Lavandula angustifolia. skirret 53. absinthe 34. dyer's woad 9. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Melissa officinalis. clove pink 29. Rosmarinus officinalis. bush basil nettle orpine 4. 55. bronze 64.Helleborus niger. sweet woodruff45. sweet 27.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. perilla 51. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Santolina neapolitana 36. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Iris × germanica var.Sempervivum tectorum.Reseda luteola. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . houseleek Lenten rose 11.Valeriana officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. Chamaemelum nobile.

The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. However. < previous page page_56 next page > . Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. rising from the courtyard. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. pink. include this one. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. with buds of red. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. If there is room for only one rambler rose. They are small specialty beds. In addition to the brick edging around each.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. The brick edging around each bed is a help. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Rosa 'Albertine'. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. At the top of the steps. The large.

caraway 24. 23.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. garden sage 40.Rheum rhabarbarum. English thyme . Carum carvi. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. winter savory 41. Angelica archangelica.Borago officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia. bush basil 43.Tanacetum vulgare. subsp. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon balm 42. angelica 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Melissa officinalis.Satureja montana. 22.Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 4. 1. rhubarb 2. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. alpine strawberry 3. tansy Bois'. foxglove 39.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.

crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Pelargonium. 56.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Origanum majorana. citrata. var. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. pineapple34.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. French 33. borboniana 'La Reine 14. French'. centifolia var. silver 27.Chenopodium 55. 36. Consolida ambigua. musk rose 12.R.Chrysanthemum balsamita. geranium in 30. rose 28. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. bourbon rose 10. muscosa 15. Mexican tea 18. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. prostrate rosemary 16. marguerite chive 9. centifolia.Poterium sanguisorba.Laurus nobilis.Salvia elegans.Aloysia triphylla.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Mentha × piperita var. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Allium schoenoprasum. 35. 54.R. cheddar pink 53.Tagetes filifolia. 31.R. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 29. salad 7.R.Petroselinum crispum var.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.R. Pelargonium graveolens. 45.Satureja hortensis. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Chrysanthemum 46. curly parsley 26.'Baronne Prevost'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. blue hyssop 25. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . thyme frutescens. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. Hyssopus officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. sweet 37.R. centifolia 'Cristata'. lemon 51.Teucrium chamaedrys. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.6. pot 50.Lavandula dentata. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Chrysanthemum.R.Calendula officinalis. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.sativa. Irish-lace 48. clove pink Mammoth'. 49.Anethum graveolens 47.Artemisia dracunculus 44.'Albertine'.Dianthus Victoria'.

A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. < previous page page_58 next page > . by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. as it should be. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Balance is augmented.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. too. Laid in an unusual pattern. It is near the house. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. double white peony 5. English'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Allium schoenoprasum.Myosotis sylvatica. angustifolia 'Munstead'. A.Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 24.Salvia officinalis. rosemary yellow viola 10. dill 9.S.Anethum graveolens.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Heliotropium arborescens.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.L.Lucile Teeter Kissack. Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. santolina moss rose 7. 16.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. sweet basil 14. 1. dwarf edging box 8. lavender 2.Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis. English thyme signet marigold 11. chive lemon verbena 6.Satureja hortensis. Landscape Architect.A.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum majorana. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. green 22.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. arcticus 'Albus'. 20. heliotrope 3. 23. 21.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. gray 15.Aloysia triphylla. blue hyssop 13. 19. white creeping thyme 4. 17.

The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and the grape arbor. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. Herbs. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. too. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and a comfortable. winter pruned. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. potted lemon verbena. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. < previous page page_60 next page > . and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. the fence with roses. The grape vines. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Althaea officinalis. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Iris cristata. Teucrium chamaedrys. purple variegated garden sage 4.Connecticut Vera Breed. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Valeriana officinalis. 3. three. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon Linum perenne. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Stachys byzantina. BED II germander BED IV 2. Aloysia triphylla. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. marsh climbing rose. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. lovage Myrrhis odorata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. sweet climbing rose. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Galium odoratum. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. conical yew rosemary 1. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Nepeta mussinii.Amsonia tabernaemontana.

dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. tuberosa 6. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Chamaemelum nobile. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. beach Marrubium vulgare. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. houseleek in variety 7. angustifolia 'Munstead'. fairy rose Giant'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Delphinium × belladonna. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. lemon Anemone hybrida. lemon thyme 9. lavender 10. catmint 5. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Rosmarinus officinalis. plume Baptisia australis. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Thymus × citriodorus. Sempervivum. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Thymus. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. creeping thyme in variety 8.

The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Later. tend to broaden the width of the garden. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. magnolia. and bright green in the herb beds. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. if desired. myrtle. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Either it flourished too well.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. its detail is shown below. grew too large. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. blue green. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Ivy. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. planted in bands across these beds. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. silver. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Another angle could be tried with these. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Herbs. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. holly.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

44.Melissa officinalis. lovage 48. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Rumex scutatus.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus herba-barona. sweet woodruff 36. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. sweet 34. borage 26. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.19.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia ludoviciana var. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. salad 43. English ivy burnet 10. ears rose geranium 3.Pelargonium × nervosum. 1. arcticus 'Albus'. bayberry balm thyme 13.Magnolia grandiflora.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium fragrans.Ilex opaca. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Argenteus'. Ocimum basilicum 22.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. 49. lime geranium 4.Chamaemelum nobile. lemon 46.Vinca minor. rue 20. American holly 31.Poterium sanguisorba.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Tropaeolum minus. 33. dwarf 21.Thymus carnosus.Tanacetum vulgare. Ruta graveolens. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . woolly thyme 8.Hedera helix. purple garden sage 7. purple basil savory 35.Thymus praecox subsp. French 27. dwarf edging box 11.Thymus doerfleri. French thyme 39.Myrica pensylvanica. spearmint 42. box chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 14.Levisticum officinale. caraway thyme 40.Marrubium vulgare. 25.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. Ocimum basilicum 24. silver-king artemisia 23. thyme 38. winter 'Purpurascens'. tansy 45.Mentha spicata. 'Minimum'. bush basil albula. lamb's. gray santolina 15.Laurus nobilis. Stachys byzantina.Teucrium chamaedrys. English thyme chamomile 2.Artemisia abrotanum.Satureja montana.Mentha suaveolens. white creeping thyme 41.Rosmarinus officinalis. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. 28. lemon 29. thyme 37. bee balm30. Borago officinalis. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. myrtle 47. 6.Galium odoratum. English'. bay rosemary 12.Thymus praecox subsp. horehound germander 17.

potted shrubs. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. It is a large garden. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. There is variety in the walks. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. It is located for the best viewing. Laurus nobilis. accent this prime focal point even more. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. The use of flagstone. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. too. < previous page page_64 next page > . adding to the space for walking. maypoles. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. and treessome of which are espaliered. The four potted bay. brick. standards. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. too. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.

1. Johnny-jump.Nigella damascena.quercifolium.P.P. winter 27. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .P. musty oakscented geranium 5. 26. pot 52. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.Chenopodium botrys. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 51.Viola tricolor.P. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.acerifolium.Calendula officinalis. 49.odoratissimum.50.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lemon 29. 25. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Thymus × citriodorus. Satureja montana. love-in.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. fragrans. wild 28.53.P.

Tanacetum vulgare var. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm 63. wild thyme 31.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon-rose geranium 22. lemon 47. blue hyssop 10. lemon southernwood geranium 34. 44.Mentha pulegium.P.P.Melissa officinalis. lime geranium 55.Fragaria vesca.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. French tarragon Rose'. fern-leaf 'Nana'. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. dill 36. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Anethum graveolens. golden lemon thyme 7. denticulatum. Chamaemelum nobile. 62. rosemary 9. graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium crispum. sweet flag 16.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. crowfoot 70.Achilleafilipendula.Thymus praecox subsp.Poncirus trifoliata. Hyssopus officinalis.Marrubium vulgare.Malus angustifolia. horehound 46.Foeniculum vulgare. tomentosum. rose geranium66.P. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Myrtus communis. radens 'Dr.P.Monarda didyma. garden sage 54. pheasant's.P.Poterium sanguisorba. parsley 35. bronze 38. 61.Thymus serpyllum.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium schoenoprasum. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . lettuce 40. orange geranium 23.Origanum majorana.Forsythia.P.P. crispum.P. forsythia 'Albus'.Viola odorata. arcticus43. white creeping thyme geranium 68. lemon geranium 33.P.Allium senescens var. peppermint 67.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. glutinosum. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. strawberry 48. bay 20. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. crispum 'Minor'.Levisticum officinale. lemon balm 45. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. 58.Acorus calamus. pine crispum.× nervosum. camphor-scented geranium 69.P. 57. salad 42.Mentha.Petroselinum crispum. 71. classic 21. 41. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. fern-leaf 60. sweet 37.P.Laurus nobilis. Rosmarinus officinalis. radens.Salvia caerulea.72. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. box 19. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Malus. cherry tomato chive 17.Origanum dictamnus. lemon geranium 56. lemon 65. 64. chamomile 8.P. denticulatum 11.Livingston'.6.Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. lettuce 39. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. English lavender 32.P.

< previous page page_66 next page > . too. In keeping with this feeling. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The result is one of sculptured elegance. green santolina. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. and Allium karataviense. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This is a large garden by any standard.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus. winter savory 9.Levisticum officinale. Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium christophii. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Hyssopus officinalis. 15. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. chive 4. gray 10. apple mint 13. garden sage 18.Foeniculum vulgare. green santolina 14. wormwood fennel 2. Baker. dwarf garden 17.Thymus praecox subsp.Liriope muscari. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium moly.Artemisia frigida.Satureja montana. big blue lilyturf 12. fringed 7.Allium sativa. French tarragon schoenoprasum. blue hyssop 16. 8.Salvia officinalis. 1. Mentha suaveolens. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Florence B. Santolina virens. lemon 11.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

and the front porch of the house. Many herb gardens could provide this. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. the upper deck. the circle. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the square. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. < previous page page_70 next page > . The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. for the box after new spring growth.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

winter savory 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. chamomile 2.Cedrus deodara.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Cupressus sempervirens. lemon 8. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. dwarf edging box 7.The number in each planting area is the key number. viola 3.Satureja montana. Italian cypress 9.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1.Chamaemelum nobile. lavender 5.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. dwarf myrtle 6.

Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > .< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Roses. as it was with this plan. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Coin with Tudor rose design. from Peter Coats. Paths are gravel. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Rosmarinus officinalis. caraway 35. 19. Chamaemelum nobile. Dianthus caryophyllus. classic myrtle 18. winter 32. salad burnet 10.Crocus sativus. saffron lily crocus 12.Petroselinum crispum. clove20.The number in each planting area is the key number. monkshood27. rosemary 16.Myrtus communis.Lilium candidum. absinthe peppermint 8.Buxus sempervirens.Primula elatior. 25. Madonna 23. earth 24. rue 33. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. Origanum majorana. Thymus serpyllum.Calendula officinalis.Anemone pulsatilla. chamomile 4.Aconitum napellus.Bellis perennis.Ruta graveolens. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. wild thyme 5.Fragaria vesca. Eryngium maritimum. English daisy 36. lemon balm 31. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. parsley 29.Lavandula angustifolia. 34. yellow flag 26.Satureja montana. blue hyssop 2. 1.Viola odorata.Mentha spicata.Viola tricolor.Lactuca sativa. sweet marjoram 3. English pasqueflower primrose 14. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . oxlip 17.Poterium sanguisorba.Primula vulgaris. spearmint 30. fennel 21. Malva sylvestris.Carum carvi. mallow 13. lettuce 28.Crithmum maritimum. pot marigold 15. sweet violet 6. 22.Fumaria officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare. Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Iris pseudacorus.Melissa officinalis.

" Concrete blocks. most of the blooms are nightscented. However. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. along with a measure of fragrance.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Selected for this reason. plumed. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . but Always Love. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. white. white blooms and woolly. silver mound. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. spurred. its tufted. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance.

Stachys byzantina. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 17.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. silver 16. silver mound artemisia 3. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Dictamnus albus.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. lamb's. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. white . Thymus 'Argenteus'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 31.Lilium candidum. white 32.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Marrubiam vulgare. Dianthus 'White Lace'. 'Albus'.19. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. pink 15. Santolina chamaecyparissus. petunia 30.Galium odoratum.Galanthus nivalis. horehound 2.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. 1.

Yucca filamentosa.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. clary 24. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. moonflower 39.Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 12. daffodil 35. Viola odorata. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Iris × germanica var. tuberose 36.Lunaria annua.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. needle florentina. orris 8.Salvia sclarea. Adam's. albula.Hesperis matronalis.6. 26.Polianthes tuberosa. tulip 38.Convallaria majalis. 23. western mugwort 7.21. tulip 37.Artemisia ludoviciana.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Malus 'Guiding Star'. sweet violet 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 28. lily-ofthe-valley 11. white 22. white stock absinthe 10. 25. white 27.Artemisia stellerana. rose 41.Ipomoea alba. dame's honesty rocket 14. Artemisia lactiflora. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . silver-king artemisia columbine 13. Artemisia absinthium. rose 40.Matthiola incana. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.

The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. < previous page page_76 next page > .< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. too. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. related to an old mill reconstruction. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. textures. This herb garden. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Rather. required their use as an educational adjunct. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Many of these herbs lack the hues.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. golden 40. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Coptis trifolia.Morus rubra or alba. African 45.Sanguinaria canadensis.Coreopsis tinctoria. 35.Cotinus coggygria.Galium verum. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . Linum usitatissimum. 47.Parmelia conspersa. Agave sisalana.Phytolacca americana. madder 54.38. sumac poke 17. 53.Carthamus tinctorius.Anthemis tinctoria.Rumex acetosa.Reseda luteola.Tagetes erecta. blueberry 13.Monarda didyma..Hydrastis canadensis. weld 57.Convallaria majalis. woad Susan laevifolium. onion China jute 4. flax 21.Berberis vulgaris.Polygonum hydropiperoides. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Prunus persica. broad 42. henequen marigold bearberry 8. French 33. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Isatis tinctoria. Musa textilis.Furcraea hexapetala. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Manila 25. Gossypium hirsutum.Filipendula ulmaria. sweet 49. black-eyed 50.Anchusa officinalis. Agave fourcroydes. 34. privet marigold 15.Ligustrum vulgare.Rhus typhina. ramie 24.Cytisus scoparius.Dipsacus sativus. St. 26.Genista tinctoria.Hypericum perforatum. Abutilon theophrasti.Mahonia aquifolium. Boehmeria nivea. 1. Hibiscus cannabinus. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. bee 36. yellow 55. 43.Allium cepa. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Crocus sativus. dyer's 31. dyer's broom safflower 6.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Chelidonium majus.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. peach bracken sorrel 19. 39. goldthread 41.Genista germanica. 32.Rubia tinctorum. Scotch broom hemp 7.Rudbeckia hirta.Viburnum acerifolium.Urtica dioica. 28. fuller's 30. 20. alkanet 52. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. lily.Indigofera tinctoria. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Agrimonia eupatoria. Sansevieria trifasciata. 29.Rumex obtusifolius. sisal 27. 37. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Pteridium aquilinum. stinging nettle44.Cladrastis lutea. 23.46.Solidago species.Galium odoratum. 22.51. 48. queen. garden 56.Tagetes patula.

at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. A totally appealing edging. as well as the roses. < previous page page_78 next page > . Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Elsewhere. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Mme. 'Belle Amour' 6. 24. 'American Pillar'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 18. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 22. rambler 20. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Legras de St. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Mignonette' 5. 23. Alfred de Rougemont'. cl. cl. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. rambler 19. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. cl.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'White Rose of York' 3. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Queen of the Prairies'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Seven Sisters'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Sombreuil'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 1. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. cl. 25. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Crimson Rambler' 21.

There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. The notch of four square feet. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > .< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. Circles and angles provide interest.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

22. sprouts celery 8. scorodoprasum. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.annuum 'Floral Gem'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. Petroselinum crispum var.B.Solanum melongena var. 28.C. 30.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 29. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. C. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. lycopersicum var. Capsicum annuum var. 45. 25.A. C. red 37. annuum 'Mosaic'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. kohlrabi Rock'. Beauty'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. red 38. Boerner. pear Purple Vienna'. oleracea 'Prima'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. melongena 1.S. C. crispum 'Banquet'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.A.B.sativa 'Ruby'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. annuum 'Golden Bell'. cepa Proliferum Group. dulce 47.Cichorium intybus. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.B. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.S. 48.B.B. C.C. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. oleracea 'Green Parade'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.A. graveolens var.A. graveolens var. melongena 2. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.A.B.B. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.A. chive 42.B. 27.C. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.A. graveolens var. cherry tomato 34. annuum 'Fips'. 26. oleracea 'Red Acre'. tuberosum. ruby swiss chard var. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. annuum 'Variegata'. garlic chive 44. 32. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. eggplant 43. dulce 50. giant garlic var. celery Group.A.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.esculentum 'Long Black'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. schoenoprasum.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. C. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. celery Bed 9.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. white-flowered kale 49. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. graveolens 'French Dinant'. annuum 'Nosegay'.C. 24. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. 40. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. red-flowered kale 6.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.A. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. celery I 31. curly eggplant parsley 23. annuum 'Teno'.B.C.B. C. 39. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.B. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. annuum 'Black Prince'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .C. annuum 'Red Boy'. C.L.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.Apium graveolens var. leek 5.L. shallot Lakes'.

and golden thyme. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. All of the circles. arcs. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > .< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. When viewed from the terrace above. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. for each is a complete entity. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. winter savory. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

crispum 'French Lace. Marshall.P.P. graveolens. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. inkberry geranium 9. apricot geranium28. P.P.P. A.Myrica pensylvanica. tomentosum. crispum.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.× nervosum.' lemon geranium 23. grossularioides. 15. Livingston'.A. 19. 1.P. odoratissimum.. Landscape Architect. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.Melissa R.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. germander crowfoot geranium 21. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. 17. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P.P.P. P. pungent-scented geranium 25. orange geranium 8.Ilex glabra. The number in each planting area is the key number. Assoc. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Satureja montana.P. peppermint 26.S. gooseberry geranium 24.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. lime geranium Rose'. golden 11. × domesticum 6. Teucrium chamaedrys. green 14.L. 12. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. radens 'Dr. maple-leaved 18. oak-leaved geranium 16. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P. acerifolium. apple gray santolina geranium 3. P. Santolina virens. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P.P.P. rose-scented geranium 4. winter 13. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. 29. scabrum. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P.P.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. lemon geranium 22. rose geranium 27.P. × nervosum 'Torento'. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .

was planted using edging box only. on page 37. 1. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. or marble chips. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. such as a dwarf edging box. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. blue hyssop 3. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. To ease the care for a more complicated design.Santolina virens. . filled with plants that have contrasting color. texture. closed knot design.Hyssopus officinalis. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. Maintenance is high for a knot. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. Its interspaces can be mulched. and growth to the plants of the knot design. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. English lavender 2. sand. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. especially when it is blooming. which is framed with a brick edging. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. For the knot to look its best at all times.Lavandula angustifolia.

green santolina 2. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 4. gray santolina 3. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .

T. variegated garden sage . and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.Thymus praecox subsp. 8.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.S. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. the height of the edging. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. 'Munstead'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. fig 4. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. which are confined to that area.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. In another departure from the usual. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.officinalis 'Tricolor'. Rosmarinus officinalis. praecox subsp. which is found more often out in the open. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. caraway thyme 9. Teucrium chamaedrys.T. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. The knot material is maintained at six inches. arcticus 'Albus'. purple variegated 11. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. creeping thymes. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. Some maintenance is required for clipping. white 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. 1. herba-barona.

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angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 2.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. American germander 3. lavender .Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.

Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

a complement for the colors of the plant material. < previous page page_88 next page > . They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. adding another facet to an appealing design. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. which are also laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. pleasing color. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. each one a quarter-circle.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. again laid on edge.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

curry plant 7. woolly yarrow 23.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Leontopodium alpinum. golden marguerite 25.Santolina neapolitana 10.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. gray santolina 2. silver thyme 6.Artemisia arborescens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Crithmum maritimum. tree germander 22. silver sage 15.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. grenadin pink chamomile 4. dwarf gray santolina 20. blue sage 13. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Artemisia frigida. 18. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. tree artemisia 26. samphire14.Anthemis tinctoria.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. candicans. glaucum 11. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Teucrium fruticans. lavender 8.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Salvia argentea.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf 12. rue 21.Anthemis marschalliana. 1. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. French lavender 3. 16.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula dentata var. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Allium senescens var. silver horehound 19. lavender 9.Salvia clevelandii. 17.Marrubium incanum.Helichrysum angustifolium.Perovskia atriplicifolia. Russian sage 24. lavender 5.Thymus 'Argenteus'.

The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Styles of containers. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. If one is familiar with herbs.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. which include hanging baskets. are without number. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. basil. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. lady's-mantle. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. < previous page page_90 next page > . either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. oregano. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. thyme. The color of the container plays a lesser role. As with other plant material. and the savories. Some are rosemary. sweet marjoram.

as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > .

< previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

and so they are strictly uncomplicated. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. However. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. LandscapeArchitect. If children's interest is not sustained.S. such an outlay would be unwarranted.A. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. < previous page page_95 next page > . A. Of course supervision is necessary. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.L. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.

an experiment with turf seats could be tried. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. < previous page page_96 next page > . they are easily handpicked. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses." selected for their greater fragrance. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. too. These are ''old roses. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Instead of benches on the patio. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. A sundial can be fun and also educational. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. Children in this age group can help with the construction.

A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. .S. A.L.

Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hedeoma pulegioides. dill pennyroyal 11. crispum.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia camphorata. English lavender 4.Tropaeolum minus. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . English lavender 7. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. Petroselinum crispum var. garden sage 24.Calendula officinalis. lily leek 30. 16.The number in each planting area is the key number. 13. southernwood 5. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. catnip 27. ophioscorodon.Chenopodium botrys.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia sclarea. borage 15.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Lavandula angustifolia. pot marigold 8. alpine strawberry 3. damask rose 32. cottage pink 18. Borago officinalis. Italian parsley 23. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Nepeta cataria. lovage 12. love-in-a-mist 14.Allium senescens var. neapolitanum.rocambole 28. American 21. summer savory 22.Allium sativum var. Levisticum officinale.Anethum graveolens. garlic chive 29. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Origanum majorana. 20. 1. horehound 26. ambrosia 2. Nigella damascena. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. glaucum 31.Isatis tinctoria. 19. Dianthus plumarius. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Rosa damascena. clary 25.Allium tuberosum. dwarf 6.Rosa gallica.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium moly.Salvia officinalis.Marrubium vulgare.

< previous page page_98 next page > . Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. The oval. All are inviting to the touch. The sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. are a seal and a turtle. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. not noted on the plan. previously used as a skating rink.

R. Landscape Architect. F.A. .A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.

chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. Allium schoenoprasum. fat-hen Primula veris. bee balm Satureja montana. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. bee orchid Erigeron. cowslip Linaria. Foeniculum vulgare. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. dog violet Lemna. chamomile Mentha. mint Galium odoratum. winter savory Mentha. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. Nepeta cataria. mint Tagetes. fleabane Stellaria. marigold Salvia officinalis. duckweed Antennaria. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. borage Tanacetum vulgare. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla.Hedeoma pulegioides. Trifolium pratense. tansy Monarda didyma. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. coltsfoot Mimulus. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Greek Stachys byzantina. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. chive dandelion Allium sativum. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. English Tussilago farfara.

Its plant list. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. its wooden structure long gone. for an old barn foundation of stone. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Here. developed particularly for study. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. A number of wooden window frames. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. and old barn beams another about the same height. it is a most satisfying growing situation. feverfew. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. an exceedingly long one. Instead. are superb for displaying potted herbs. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. Still. Their height eases the task of weeding. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. a mint. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. < previous page page_101 next page > .

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

onites.P. 'Purpurascens'. caraway thyme 103.Viola tricolor. purple variegated garden sage 85.Genista tinctoria. southernwood houseleek 12. fern-leaf tansy 95. golden marjoram 26. white creeping thyme 97. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Viola odorata. sweet violet 40. creeping veronica . garden sage 84.S.Plantago major.Pulmonaria officinalis. camphor.Artemisia dracunculus var.M. lemon verbena 106.Pelargonium crispum. graveolens. pontica.S. 45.T. Roman 46. sweet 53.Tanacetum vulgare var.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis. 60.Sium sisarum. lemon thyme 100. absinthe 51. camphorata. crimson creeping thyme 96.O. 62.Myrrhis odorata. 'Clear Gold'. plantain 80. silver thyme 105.T. apple wormwood geranium 8. 50. St. richardii subsp. dyer's woodruff broom 3. rose sativa. bee balm lovage 20. pot marigold 25.T 'Argenteus'.T.T.Stachys grandifora 93. praecox subsp. golden thyme 98. odorous thyme 104.Melissa officinalis. rose costmary campion 23. nitidus. celandine madder 79. 48. pallasianus. rampion 81.Satureja montana. marsh mallow 13.P. basilicum 56. calamint valerian 24. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Ranunculus ficaria. 1. skirret 90.Valeriana officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.T. rosemary 82. 43.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rubia tinctorum.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia officinalis. Grecian 59. basilicum 'Minimum'. woolly thyme 101.Hypericum perforatum. lemon 52. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.O.A.Achillea millefolium. 61.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. abrotanum. 64.O. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. 66.Geranium robertianum. praecox subsp.Physalis heterophylla. betony 92. bee balm57.Digitalis lanata. thyme 102.T.Ruta graveolens.O.Stachys officinalis. beach 47. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Alchemilla vulgaris. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. majorana. catmint 63. golden variegated garden sage 86.Veronica serpyllifolia. mosquito plant 19. pink 58. alpine savory 89.Hyssopus officinalis.49. wormwood germander 9.O. foxglove 2.Teucrium chamaedrys.Acinos alpinus.Euphorbia cyparissias.-John'swort 91.Marrubium vulgare. wild lemon basil ginger 16. purple basil English lavender 18.Monarda didyma. golden lemon thyme 99.Nepeta mussinii. rue 83.A. officinalis 'Tricolor'.T. officinalis 'Aurea'.Calamintha grandiflora.Campanula persicifolia. southernwood ground cherry 10. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. absinthium.Echium vulgare. pot marjoram bugloss 27. herba-barona.Ocimum basilicum.Levisticum officinale. viper's 65.A. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Agastache foeniculum. didyma 'Rosea'.Althaea officinalis.T. 55. sweet cicely 94.P. odoratissimum.A. × citriodorus.Lychnis coronaria. crispum. 42. French tarragon geranium 7.Digitalis purpurea.Lavandula angustifolia.Angelica archangelica. sweet celandine marjoram 28. variegated garden sage 87.A.A. basil blue hyssop 15. sweet 41.Campanula rapunculus. winter savory 88. tomentosum.Chelidonium majus.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. 44.Galium odoratum. angelica lemon geranium 5.Agastache cana. stellerana. balm horehound 14.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lesser 67.Sempervivum tectorum.S. 54.Asarum canadense. arcticus 'Albus'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. yarrow herb Robert 4.

A. garlic 111. cowslip 72. pineapple mint 31.V.Primula veris. red mint comfrey 33.Chamaemelum nobile. spicata.Dianthus plumarius 75. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Prunus pensylvanica.M. pin cherry 39. 73.Veronica officinalis.Mentha suaveolens. wild 116.cepa.Lysimachia vulgaris. chicory 70. spearmint 107. 114.Isatis tinctoria.Yucca filamentosa. suaveolens 'Variegata'. orange mint 32. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Oenothera biennis.Origanum dictamnus. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.M.M. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . evening 77.M.A. dyer's woad 110. curry plant mullein 35. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. 76. apple mint 69.Laurus nobilis. moth 113.Cichorium intybus. chervil 68. tree onion 112.Verbascum thapsus. oxeye daisy mullein 36. feverfew cinerariifolium. ostrowskianum 34.Chrysanthemum 78. chamomile 30. × piperita var. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. 71.Chrysanthemum 74.Allium sativum.Myrtus communis. citrata. orach115.Lilium candidum. blattaria.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Symphytum officinale.Atriplex hortensis. veronica 108.Origanum vulgare. × gentilis. yucca 109.Helichrysum angustifolium.Anthriscus cerefolium.29. Proliferum Group.Chrysanthemum parthenium.

creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. A statue of St. Francis. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. < previous page page_104 next page > . of good proportion for the size of the opening. its outline constructed of brick. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. A wheelshaped bed. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. not just hiding it. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. but not obvious.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

lion's-ear prismaticum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Vetiveria zizanioides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Sidney Ephedra viridis. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. poet's Solidago californica. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. Eriobotrya japonica. Cestrum nocturnum. menthifolia. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. AREA IV Ixia maculata. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. cat Watsonia rosea. Eleocharis dulcis. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. potato Brassica eruca. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. AREA VI japonica. loquat Cichorium intybus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. white Justicia carnea. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . ephedra Ferula assafoetida. labdanum Cistus crispus. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. only those not found on other lists are noted here. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum.

All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. but also for proper leaf size. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. < previous page page_106 next page > . or potpourri. emphasizes the circle. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. not only for hardiness where needed. another a Mary garden. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. to name a few. One is a garden of legends. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. is a center of interest. The exterior brick path. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. scented-leaf geraniums. an "old rose" and fragrant. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. and a third a culinary garden.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Chrysanthemum balsamita.Ocimum basilicum. Johnny-jump.Galium verum. pyrethrum 5. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. sweet marjoram basil 12. Angelica archangelica. Hyssopus officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. white dead 24.Narcissus mustard 14. blue 18. saffron crocus marigold 7. Chamaemelum nobile.Mentha spicata.Ornithogalum umbellatum. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . spearmint 22. rue 28. chive bedstraw 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus.19. English thyme 13. angelica 2. pot 26.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. chamomile 3. black 23. absinthe 4. 1.Origanum majorana.20. garden up sage 10. lady's.Ruta graveolens.Brassica nigra.Calendula officinalis. costmary 6.The number in each planting area is the key number. Viola tricolor. sweet 21. yellow 25.Lamium album. Linum usitatissimum. Anethum graveolens. hyssop rose 9.Hedera helix. flax 17.Allium schoenoprasum.Crocus sativus.Alchemilla vulgaris. Artemisia absinthium.Salvia officinalis. English ivy rosemary 8. dill 11. 27.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.

and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. < previous page page_108 next page > .< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations.

Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. rue Malva alcea var. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. fastigiata. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. sweet Myrtus communis. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Artemisia absinthium. Myrrhis odorata. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Cotinus coggygria. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. clove Marrubium vulgare. lemon balm Mentha spicata. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. Russian 'Prostratus'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. blue Lamium maculatum. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. beach Monarda didyma. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. thyme Cnicus benedictus. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. perennial flax Galium odoratum.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. bay Echeveria × imbricata. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > .

There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. This is a general rule observed. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. millstones. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. Viewed from the terrace garden. simply on a smaller scale. Appropriately used as accents. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. The generous use of edgings. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. too. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. and huge. < previous page page_110 next page > . At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. where paths enter an area or take a different direction.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. features a closed knot of superior design.

cheddar pink 4. Landscape Architect. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. 'Tiny Rubies'.S. Routine clipping is required.A. blue hyssop 3. that of good proportion. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. lavender 5. The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Design plan of herb garden 1. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. dwarf box .L.Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. green santolina 6.Santolina virens. A. gray santolina 7. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. six feet in diameter. of greater size than is commonly found. and the mulch. germander 2. has its size dictated by a rule of design. angustifolia 'Munstead'.

bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. honey locust Cornus florida. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. box Myrica pensylvanica. goat willow Sassafras albidum. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. dogwood Pinus nigra. box Calycanthus fioridus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. black haw Prunus americana. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. quince Magnolia virginiana. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. japonica. beach plum Corylus avellana. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. plum Prunus maritima. shadbush Salix caprea. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var.

a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. silver thyme T. herba-barona. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. praecox subsp. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. However. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. doerfleri T. Salvia. As a rule. its plant material varied. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. Lavandula. praecox subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. leucotrichus T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Currently. 'Doone Valley' . The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. 'Annie Hall' T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. and a miscellany of others. Rosmarinus. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Argenteus'. arcticus T. caraway thyme T.

crimson creeping thyme T. golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Aurea'. golden thyme T. dentata. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. sweet lavender L. involucrata. angustifolia subsp. purple variegated garden sage S. woolly thyme T. Mexican bush sage S. pine-scented rosemary R. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. English lavender L. golden rosemary R. autumn sage S. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustissimus. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. 'Clear Gold'. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. blue sage S. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. guaranitica. greggii. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. leucantha. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. anise sage S. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. vulgaris 'Albus' T. ramie . angustifolia subsp.T. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia subsp. heterophylla.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

L. Smith. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. to sweeten the air. Hesperis matronalis. Circumstances determined these priorities. Physostegia virginiana. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. rupturewort. to lure bees. a well beside the house. horsetail. The apple trees. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Sium sisarum. Cheloneglabra. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Herniaria glabra. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > .< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Primarily. Equisetum arvense. family needsmedicinal. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. obedient plant. The house. culinary. balmony. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. which were located between the water supply. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. used in salads or boiled. for scrubbing pots. Prunella vulgaris. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. constructed of brick made on the property. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths.

in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. too. Today. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. < previous page page_116 next page > . too. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. for a few are in use now. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. while functional. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

15. garlic 9. pomegranate 3.Pinus taeda. 16. rosemary 2.Lonicera sempervirens.Syringa × persica var. bay 7. 1. yellow 12. wisteria 13.Sambucus canadensis.Lagerstroemia indica.Wisteria frutescens.Malus angustifolia. Gardenia jasminoides. trumpet 11.Prunus angustifolia. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. Cape jasmine 10. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Lonicera flava. Banksia rose 14.Laurus nobilis.Rosa banksiae.Punica granatum.Allium sativum.Rosmarinus officinalis. southern laciniata. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Ficus carica. fig 6. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.

It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. < previous page page_118 next page > . Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. Italy. The effect would be quite different without them.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. too. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Appropriately.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Hypericum perforatum. 1.Marrubium vulgare. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. 70. spearmint 62. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. 30. peppermint 52.Artemisia abrotanum. basil chive 3.Gaultheria procumbens.Artemisia dracunculus var. fennel 40. borage 31.Ilex vomitoria.Mentha pulegium. foxglove 41.Cimicifuga racemosa.Melissa officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Colchicum autumnale. 54. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. catnip 34. yaupon pink southernwood 12. lemon 26.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. 68.Ocimum basilicum.Achillea millefolium. sweet shrub 10. garden sage 59.Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. St.Buxus sempervirens.Symphytum officinale.Rubus allegheniensis.Hyssopus officinalis. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. 50.Lonicera sempervirens. agrimony 58. great 47. sativa. horsemint lobelia 23. myrtle 53.Vinca minor.Punica granatum. fuller's teasel 67. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. black 29. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 38.Digitalis purpurea.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue 44.Cassia marilandica.Dipsacus sativus. peony 51. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Ruta graveolens. yellow-root 7.Laurus nobilis.Lindera benzoin. 63.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Tanacetum vulgare.Ilex opaca.Monarda didyma.Hamamelis virginiana.Rosmarinus officinalis. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Calendula officinalis.Mentha spicata.Acorus calamus. lovage 35.Verbascum thapsus.Dianthus caryophyllus.Populus balsamifera. senna woodruff 15. 55. 66.Paeonia officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. saffron crocus 25. butterfly 32.Borago officinalis. balm autumn crocus 2.Armoracia rusticana.Agrimonia eupatoria. wild ginger69.Cornus florida. tansy 65.Galium odoratum.Monarda punctata. clove 36.Rosa laevigata.Chimaphila umbellata. hyssop sassafras 20.57.Pinckneya pubens.Asclepias tuberosa. bee balm 28. yarrow lungwort 22.Allium schoenoprasum.Crocus sativus. 60.Elizabeth Lawrence. 43. sweet 27.Lobelia siphilitica. blue 46. American holly 16.Xanthoriza simplicissima. 42.Lilium candidum. sweet flag marigold 24.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Sassafras albidum. 45.Calycanthus fioridus.Teucrium chamaedrys. pot 48.Asarum virginicum. dill 39. box chamomile 9.Salvia officinalis. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . bay lavender wintergreen 21. sweet 64.Anethum graveolens. 61.Chamaemelum nobile.Foeniculum vulgare.Mentha × piperita. mullein 49. rue 56. 37.Nepeta cataria. dogwood horehound 18. 33.

for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. preventives. of herbs for one loaf of bread. 1 T. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. < previous page page_120 next page > . of herbs per pound for meat loaf. In any event. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. and fragrances they developed. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This is true for the remedies. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning.

Mentha × piperita. foxglove 12. blue hyssop 21.Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory 4. garden sage 8. sweet marjoram 6.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Cydonia oblonga.Nepeta cataria.Levisticum officinale.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Viburnum prunifolium. English 10.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 11.Mentha spicata. peppermint 18. opium poppy 5.Lavandula angustifolia. catnip 16. 14. pot marigold 2. English thyme rosemary 7. black haw 23. caraway 19. spearmint 17.Satureja montana. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . sweet basil 13. lavender lovage 3.Pyrus communis.Carum carvi. horehound 15.Marrubium vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis. Calendula officinalis. 1.Origanum majorana. absinthe 9. horsemint 20.Ocimum basilicum.Monarda punctata.Papaver somniferum. apothecary's rose 22.Digitalis purpurea. quince 24.

often it is reconstructed. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. The beds are used to achieve balance. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. the other 1761. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. and if the best has not always survived. The main paths of brick unify the garden. Shaded by hop vines. makes it something of a focal point. to study it. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. Allowed such freedom of expression. from early Moravian settlements. Some could be used singly. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. centrally located.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. and bricks raise the beds. Thus it was for this garden. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. < previous page page_122 next page > . and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. one dated 1759. for example the large square bed with circular path. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities.

A.L.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect. Campbell. .S. A.

cabbage angustifolia.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Clematis virginiana.Cercis canadensis. blessed thistle 8.Aquilegia vulgaris. daisy crape myrtle 23. 68.Atriplex hortensis.Allium sativum.Nepeta cataria.Symphytum officinale.Alcea rosea. love.Amaranthus caudatus. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Mentha × piperita. autumn crocus 34.Rheum rhabarbarum.Rosa moschata.Cnicus benedictus. comfrey 33.Saponaria officinalis.Armoracia rusticana. English 78. holy thistle 58.Celosia cristata. Madonna lily 59. lavender rose 21.Salvia officinalis. 52.Rubia tinctorum.Crocus sativus. garden nasturtium 12.Hydrangea quercifolia. lovage 9.Levisticum officinale.Marrubium vulgare. grape larkspur 41. chestnut rose 43. cockscomb 47.Chamaemelum nobile.77.Lagerstroemia indica. 81.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 64.Passiflora incarnata. 80.Inula helenium. absinthe 45. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Magnolia grandiflora. yarrow 4. corn poppy 79.Ruta graveolens. blue 69. betony 82. hyssop maypop 42. 48.Nigella sativa.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. redbud 24. stock 50.Rosa gallica. clary 30.Narcissus poeticus. catnip 70. 66.Artemisia vulgaris.Rosa damascena.Borago officinalis. rhubarb 10. asparagus 31. annual clary 3.Rosa roxburghii.Carum carvi. hop southernwood 39.Salvia viridis.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa eglanteria. 62.Dianthus caryophyllus. blue 63.Consolida ambigua.Bellis perennis. mugwort67.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. red pepper 20.Rosmarinus officinalis. 74.Rumex acetosa.Cornusflorida. spearmint 57.Salvia sclarea. garlic lungwort 36. borage 5.Ocimum basilicum. black cumin 46. dill 73. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. balm chive 37.Foeniculum vulgare. sweet 71.Petroselinum crispum.Silybum marianum.Anethum graveolens. orach 76.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. eglantine Group. basil moss rose 44.Rosa centifolia.Origanum majorana. elecampane 11.Achillea millefolium.Ficus.Papaver rhoeas. marsh mallow 7. poet's narcissus 61.Pulmonaria officinalis. fennel marjoram 28. sorrel 65. rue 14.Tropaeolum majus.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Stachys officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Colchicum autumnale.Gelsemium sempervirens.Coriandrum sativum. 54.Narcissus tazetta. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . virgin's bower 40. damask coriander rose 19. tansy 6. clove 53. polyanthus narcissus 60. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Tropaeolum minus. madder 16. dwarf nasturtium 13. rosemary49. hollyhock 51.Melissa officinalis.Vitis. columbine 29. sweet 55.Althaea officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare.Lilium candidum.Artemisia absinthium. Carolina jessamine 38.Asparagus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Matthiola incana. French rose 18. chamomile 17. horehound 56. English thyme 2. garden sage 15. parsley 32.Humulus lupulus. 1.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. caraway 72.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. The next most desirable exposure. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. and the north point is established. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Although some observations may seem obvious. A ravine and existing. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. First. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Calluna (heather). This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. it is proper to make a trial run. Thus.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. the western. even boggy. Usually this is least desirable. The lesser the scale. far from the house. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. This space was never adequate. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained.

Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. but it need not be identical. another is close to the rear of the house. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. certainly not precisely the same. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. There is the housegarage structure on one side. all four sides are so determined. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. 127 indicates. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Then. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. and the search did not take long. a driveway on still another. It was a pleasurable assignment. < previous page page_126 next page > . and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The new herb garden has been located. as the drawing on p. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another.ground where drainage is better. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The. Culinary herbs will fill a large. single bed. The outline is fixed. and the property line on the last. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Indeed. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The general outline is similar.

With the herb beds placed near the drying room. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. If all is well. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. as in this case. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. With the plan established. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. There was no . forming the outer boundary of the service path. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. then north. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. this low wall will enclose the garden area. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. Two drawings were required to work out problems. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. something is amiss. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. In addition. If. In fact. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

eight. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. . not one completed in a weekend. this was. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. In this area. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. and the finished edging would be effective. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. A structural edging was in order. In this case. admittedly. but it was a dot-it-yourself project.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. the site required some leveling. At corners. In the earlier stage of planning. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. a lapped joint was fashioned. the eight-foot length was more practical. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. Before edgings could be put in place. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. however. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. However. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. However. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. but there are exits to different levels. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Weeds. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Paving for the terraced area is brick. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. sand. for they will likely have more traffic. could serve this purpose. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Unfortunately. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. One is the ramp to the driveway. selected for its simplicity. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. had been proof of that. Aged compost. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Heavy black plastic. This method of treatment now guarantees . and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. leaves. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. A choice of five colors was available. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. The pattern is running bond. this same base underlies all the paths. filling the beds with soil was next.

However. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. even bed for the pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. worth the added cost. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. on a trial run of one course of brick. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.

and the steps to other levels. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. In this instance. French drains. learned about decades earlier. the terraced area. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. converging where it was logical to do so. . The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. Sometimes called "rubble drains. since that path borders the house." their construction can be somewhat varied. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. Herbs have flourished in the beds. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. for it would interfere with the drainage system. With the completion of the paths.

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E EllipseAn oval. and so on. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. Its arrow points north and. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. having a variety of gradations. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. is symmetrical. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. not necessarily referable to botanical species. in inches. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. a garden plan.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. hundredths of an inch. casts the shadow for the hour. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. for example. sixteenths of an inch. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. in tenths of an inch. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. twelfths of an inch. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. and so on. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. albula. often a wall or trellis. for example. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure.

loose. its compartments filled with flowers. rounded fragments of rock. heated especially by fermenting manure. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. a flat. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. also called rubble drain. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. turf. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. G GazeboA freestanding.3. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. GrindstoneMillstone. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. roofed structure usually open on the sides. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . a patterned garden. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. M ManufactoryA factory. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.3). Usually a few inches thick. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow.brick) in the same course. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. or colored earths. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. ForthrightA straight course or path. Pea gravelSmall. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

walls. or steps.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. Turf seatBanked-up earth. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. cutting. often planted with aromatic herbs. < previous page page_132 next page > . The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. snug fit for walks. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. ranking between species and variety. called also a hose cock. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. TreillageLatticework for vines. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. R Rose. Stone. V VarietyA category below species. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. W Wall. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. not treelike or with a single trunk. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training.

New York: Crown Publishers. Agnes.: Buckeye Printing Co. Erichsen-Brown. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Harriet Ballard. H. 1957. Crowe. Gertrude B. Mo. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Robert Lee. Foster. Greenwood. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 1902. Foley. New York: Macmillan. 1973. Herbals. Brownlow. . and Garden. Seal. Hanging Plants for Home. Park Seed Co. Cross. Rosetta E. Sydney: B. S. Julia S. Flannery. Darrah. 1972. 1966. Batsford. Behme. 1933. Roses. Prof. 1942. Garden Design. 1944. Room Outside. 1980. 1979. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Putnam's Sons. New York: Dover. 1911.. P. London: Macmillan. New York: Macmillan. 14701670. Baumgardt. T. British Plants. Dutton & Co. John E. New York: Simon and Schuster. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Henry. . Daniel J. Jot. London: Country Life. Coats. 1951. The Herb Garden. Peter. Earle. The Cultivated Basils.C. Brookes. London: Marshall Cavendish. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Rosemary F. Bailey. 1963. Park's Success with Herbs. Clarkson. New York: Hawthorne Books. Foster.: Geo. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. London: Adam and Charles Black. and Louden. 1982. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. . 1980. 1958. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Hortus Third. 1972. London. 1962. 1971. Doran & Co. 1977. Frances A. Aurora. Gertrude B. Liberty Hyde. 1970. Helen H. L. How Plants Get Their Names. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Green Enchantment. Bardswell. The Small Garden.. Helen Morgenthau. 1935. 1976. New York: Macmillan. Herbsfor Every Garden. Carpenter. New York: E. Berrall. Sevenoaks. New York: G. Garden City: Doubleday. Toronto. Complements.. W. ed. Sylvia. London: Saturn Press. Kent: The Herb Farm. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. and Accessories. Beston. Herbs and the Earth. 1961. Book of the Geranium. Independence. 1951. 1971. Edlin. Staff of. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Charlotte. New York. H. Margaret E. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. New York: Macmillan. John Philip. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. L.. P. 1938. John. Bailey Hortorium.. Terrace. Alice Morse. Fox. New York: Viking Press. New York: Viking Press. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1966.

Paul B. 1911. Edited by Clarence Elliott. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Tucson: H. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Jones. Johnson. 1972. and Brunello.. Frederic. 1969. The Book of Spices. Shaker Herbs. and Synge. Johns. Ireys. Loewenfeld. and Chiltoskey. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Boston. Horace. The Berry Book. Alice Recknagel. 1970. 1973. 1959. New York: Harper & Bros. Neri. Carol. Lawrence. . 1981. Eleanour Sinclair. 1964. 1952. Norma Jean. New York: Van Nostrand. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. New York: Dover. 1976. 1974. Wynnewood. (1st American edition trans. Lawrence. Philippa. London: Faber and Faber. Adelma G. 1966. 1978. 1974. Division Billboard Publications. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1971. 1938. How to Select. Lerner.. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications.: Herald Publishing Co. Leighton. Grow and Enjoy. chemist. The Art of Dyeing.Garland. M. C. Boston. Loewenfeld. Franco. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Brown & Co. Italy. Walter. George H. ed. 1982. 1983. Geraniums for Home and Garden. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Alma. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Books.. Hay. Eigel. N. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. P. Lesch. Claire.: Chronica Botanica Co. New York: Crown Publishers.: Livingston Pub. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Sarah. New York: Macmillan. Toronto: Little. 1975. The Herb Garden. New York: Dover. 1975.. 1981. Roy. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Robert. Grieve. Potter. Herbs. Muenscher. 1971. Waltham.. New York: Doubleday. Hamel. Kiaer... Sylva. Co. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Jr. New York: Clarkson N. Moldenke. A Biblical Garden. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Ann. Mass.) Rohde.C. Elizabeth. Loyal R. 1976. and Alma L. J.. New York: Macmillan. and Rice. Pozza. < previous page page_133 next page > . Hendrickson. Mary U. and Back. A Garden of Herbs.. Helen K. Flowers of the Field. Simmons. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Howard. Cherokee Plants. 1946. Pa. Vegetable Dyeing. Early American Gardens. 1969. Vicenza. 1951. Miller. Frances. London: George Routledge & Sons. Myron. Amy Bess. Dorothy Bovee. Modern Herbal. Mrs. M. P. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. New York: E. 1961. Rosengarten. McFarland. Gardens in Winter.. Plants of the Bible. Lathrop. New York: Viking Press. Dutton & Co. 1979. 2d ed. New York: William Morrow and Co. Harold N. Roses of the World in Color.. New York: Macmillan. Patrick M.. Bernard Hickey. Claire. New York: William Morrow & Co. 1970. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. New York: De La Mare. A. Rev. Krauss. Landscaping with Vines.

. Taylor. Katherine S.A.A. Weber. Sherry D. W. Climbing Roses Old and New. Mrs. Diane C. The History of Gardens. Graham Stuart. L. The Fragrant Garden. L. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Henry Gund. Margaret Osborn Holt... Plimpton. Herbs in the Garden. Bleecker. H. New York: McGraw-Hill. Cozart. Webster. 1972. Mrs. 1957. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Nelva M. Keebler. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Robert G. 1979. 1976. 1931. Barbara Capen.A. L. 1953. L. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mrs. Mrs. L. Peter M. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Giroux. Donald Paxton. Mrs. William T. James C. F. Sandy Hicks. Mrs. Mrs. Melissa R. Bynam. ed. Bates. New York: Doubleday.A. . Jr. Elisabeth W. William T. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.: Garden Way. 1967. Boerner. Mrs. The Shakespeare Garden. Charlotte. Graham. Herbert G.A.S. Martha Dahlen. T. London: Phoenix House. . New York: St. New York: Simon & Schuster.S. John. Leonie. 1966. Stearn. 1962. ..A.. Mrs.. Amy Bess Miller.R. Lamm. Malcolm. Ingersoll. Botanical Latin.A. White.D. New York: Dover. Landscape Architecture. 1965. Pees. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. .A. New York. 1982. Vivian. Neil Hamill Park. The Fragrant Year.. 1979. L. ed..< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Campbell. Small Gardens Are More Fun.The Old Shrub Roses. Stuart. and Robert B. A. New York: Farrar. William Y Dear. A. 1972. Austin R. Vt.. Leonard Dreyfuss. Madalene Hill. Christopher. A. Frank M. New York: Hafner... Mrs.. Marion E. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.A.. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Tarantino.A. Jo Lohmolder. John Poinier.A. John Ormsbee. 1974. Jr. London: Phoenix House. Philip Batchelder. Mrs.. Marshall. Berkeley Brandt. Rhoda Specht.. Mrs. and Mrs. Mrs. Mr..A.. James D. 1942.. Helen Noyes. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Wilson. Hale & Co. Griffin.. William Radler. Mrs. Gannaway. Smith. Z. Meyer. New York. Martin. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Maxton Davies. Mrs. Mrs. George. Hammond Crawford. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. Benjamin McF. Boston: Ralph T.. New York: William Morrow & Co. Mrs. Linda. William C. Indianapolis.A. Norman. Fragrance in the Garden. L. L.A. L. Louise Beebe. Alfred L. Susan W.. Associate. New York: Simon & Schuster.. Singleton. Rev. L. Building Stone Walls. L. Esther. Thacker. Paxton. Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. Vera Breed. A. Mrs. Morss. Revised by Dr. 1979. Winthrop G. 1961. Jr.. Bradner. New ed. Michael. L. 1953. Charles L. Raymond V. C. Mrs. Jack Emil Geist. New York: William Farquhar Payson.A. Elizabeth Lawrence. Container Gardening Outdoors. Martin's Press. William W. McGarry. Baker. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Wilder. Stearn.L. Zohary.A. A. New York: Bobbs-Merrill.A. W T. Straus. Martin's. Charles Patch. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs. 1976. Taloumis. Shrub Roses of Today. Thomas.L. 1975. 1972. and Bell. L. Mrs. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. L. Moffit.S. Bush. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Price. Mrs. Robert K. Hines.A. Mrs. George T. Virginia B. New York: St. Yang.

Eric Duke Scott.. Faith H.I. Hales Corners. Christopher Spencer. Swanson. John A. James S.. Little Rock. Ohio. L.A. < previous page page_134 next page > . Linda Yang.C.C.A. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Mrs. Whitman. Frederick E. Old Salem.. Derthick... Inc. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Mr. Pawtucket. Wilcox. Elbert Smith. Mrs. Bailey. Winston-Salem. Atlanta Historical Society. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Skinner. Edmund G. Mansfield. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Matthew Miksch House.Rady. Mich. L. Mass. Milton Stricker. Linda Yang. Helen M. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. N. L. Kingwood Center. Rose. Harper. Weeks Brick House.. Joan E.. Talbot III. Cleveland. Isadore L. Mich.A. R. Plain Dealer Photo. N. Christopher Rady.. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Wisc. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Michigan State University. Mrs. L. Nathan Sameth.. The following provided historical. Architect. Mrs. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Hancock. Booker Worthen. Atlanta. Mrs. G. Mrs. Hancock Shaker Village.. Ohio. Lansing. and Mrs. Ga. University of Michigan.. N. The Country Doctor Museum.. Walter Rebmann. Shaker Community. Milton C. Inc. Gayle.. Timothy Procter Ruh. Mrs. James F.H. Smith (Ann Leighton). Jean Ruh. Mrs. Western Reserve Herb Society.. Ann Arbor. Roberts.A. Semple. Eloise andJo Ray. Mrs. Greenland. civic. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Ark. Lawrence Schetky.. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Joe H. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Old Slater Mill Museum. L.

sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. E. Narcissus triandrus. barbadensis A. officinalis. maritima L. A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Myrrhis odorata. azoricum. A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. A. C. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea.

acerifolium. Monarda didyma Crataegus. ludoviciana var. Solanum aculeatissimum S. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. podagraria Asparagus A. M. S. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. V. grandiflorus Melissa M. P.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. albula A. false Galium aristatum. officinalis. G. lycopersicum. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. officinalis Populus. melongena var. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. F. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. P. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. laevis Rhododendron . foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. V. Lamium album Viburnum.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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P. M. alpina 'Alba' A. coronaria . oleracea. vulgaris A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Mertensia virginica. angustifolia. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. chrysantha Symphytum S.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. deltoides Campsis radicans. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. B.

ioensis Vaccinium. M. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. alpinum R. C. Italian D Daffodil M. M. coronaria. V. N. alpinum R. angustifolia. V. sativum R. verna. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. B. maculatum G. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. macrocarpon. B.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . pseudonarcissus miniature N. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G.

frutescens C. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. triphyllum . obtusifolius R. lilioasphodelus. acetosa. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. H. crispus. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. T officinale Bellis. Sansevieria. Ferocactus latispinus. A. D. lilioasphodelus H. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Hosta H. R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. obtusifolius Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. R.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. rivieri. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. A. x superbum Hemerocallis.

maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. N. Senecio cineraria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. gymnocarpa. Centaurea cineraria. damascena. Lychnis coronaria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. S. ragusina. N. C. Antennaria. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. C. pungens Sambucus S. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . azoricum Nigella. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Gnaphalium. arvensis. Helichrysum.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

carica Corylus C. A. versicolor. usitatissimum L. I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. O.× germanica I. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. regalis Adiantum. carica F. P. Osmunda. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. perenne . L.

neapolitanum A. lanata D. tuberosum A. Fumaria C. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. lutea Allium sativum A. sativum var. odoratissimum P. × limoneum P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. grossularioides P radens P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × germanica Myosotis M. P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sylvatica Digitalis D. Pelargonium. scorodoprasum A. quercifolium P. × hortorum P. I. purpurea D. sphaerocephalum A.

denticulatum P. canadense. × nervosum P. T. capitatum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. quercifolium P. Z. graveolens P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. × citrosum P. officinale Z. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. A. scabrum P graveolens P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. canadense T. crispum P. tomentosum P. chamaedrys T. T. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. A. P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. pratensis . Tragopogon. glutinosum. × jatrophifolium P.

V. torquata E. Vitis monticola. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. nervosa V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. M. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus .Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Oxalis deppei. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium.

H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Pulmonaria . Ophiopogon L. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. C. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. triacanthos G. majalis Liriope. G. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. W. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Lythrum. L.

leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. M. erecta T. erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. A. M. Malva. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. C. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M.blue M Mace. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. grandiflora M. erecta T. patula Calendula officinalis T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. tenuifolia T. lucida . Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. alcea var.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

S. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. piperita var. dictamnus O. crispii M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Astrantia. majorana O. major. O. citrata. majorana O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. aquatica var. citrata M. citrata M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . onites O. A. × piperita var. × piperita var. R. Spiraea alba. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. odorata Achillea millefolium. requienii M. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. vulgare O. citrata M. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. suaveolens M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. vulgare O.

A. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. thapsus V. vulgaris A. × gentilis M.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. lactiflora Morus M. rubra M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. V. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Myrtus. olympicum. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. Myrrhis odorata. Azolla caroliniana. V. alba Verbascum. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . M. communis. Umbellularia californica. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana.

Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V. minus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . V. nudum. album L. tazetta Tropaeolum T. P. L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. poeticus N. majus T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium.

bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. A. O. Proliferum Group A. Castilleja californica. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. hortensis A. telephium Iris × germanica var. I. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. fistulosum Atriplex. C. fistulosum A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. florentina. cepa. Scilla verna. cepa A. fragrans Allium. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . A. cepa. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. S. fragrans O. vulgare var.

P. crispum var. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. A. patens. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. A.

Chenopodium. annuum. C. annuum. C. Longum Group C. annuum. roseus C. frutescens C. C. Piper C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. P frutescens Catharanthus. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. retroflexus. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. A. Marsilea Perilla. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. C. Longum Group Capsicum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. C. paniculata P. annuum. Grossum Group C. album Ranunculus ficaria .

officinalis Dianthus D. × paradisiaca. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. M. P salicina P angustifolia. Silene laciniata. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. caryophyllus D. taeda Chimaphila. nigra P strobus P taeda P. C. watsonii P maritima P. umbellata var. C. Plantago P. plumarius. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. americana . Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. umbellata var. angustifolia var. alpinus D. Prunus japonica. plumarius D. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. taeda P. P. gratianopolitanus D. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila.

vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. balsamifera P. vulgare Lithospermum. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. biennis P. P. S. E. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . L. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. Liriodendron tulipifera P. 0. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. rhoeas P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. carnea Phytolacca americana P.

sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. Hesperis . oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. R. C. Diplotaxis. pepo Portulaca. canadensis C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. coccineum C. C. A. P. rhabarbarum R. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.

centifolia R. × harisonii R. laevigata R. damascena 'Bifera' R. moschata . roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. × borboniana R. canina. × borboniana Kerria. damascena R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. sativa Rosa R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. canina R. chinensis 'Minima' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. × borboniana R. spinosissima R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica R. Rubus coronarius R. Rosa chinensis R. R. banksiae R.

microphylla S. officinalis Limonium R. officinalis S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. sclarea S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. caerula. rugosa R. R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. Salvia hierosolymitana .polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. × rehderana R. angustissimus R. setigera R. S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. greggii S. Rosmarinus. clevelandii S. azurea subsp. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. guaranitica S. pitcheri S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R.

virens. S. T. halimus Crithmum maritimum. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. A. guaranitica S. leucophylla S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. S. viridis S. chamaecyparissus S. P. Salicornia. leucantha S. C. S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. maritimum E. marilandica Amelanchier . neapolitana S. chamaecyparissus S. hebecarpa. elegans S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. montana Scabiosa S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex.

A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. C. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. coggygria. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. P. G. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. C. V. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria Cotinus. nivalis Lamium album. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. americana. coggygria C.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. P. biflorum .

crassipes O. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. Ornithogalum arabicum. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. O. O. R. scutatus R.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana .Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. patulum. E. H. pyrenaicum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. officinalis thyme-leaved V. L. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. H. acetosa. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. S. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. japonica Sorbaria. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. V.

perennis. M. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. floridus Philadelphus . O.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. crispum T. O. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. chiloensis F. dracunculus var. incana M. C. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vulgare var. vesca F. T vulgare T. vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. incana M. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. vulgare var.

Silybum marianum S. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. pallasianus T. arcticus T. marianum S. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. 'Clear Gold' T. 'Argenteus' T. maritima Thymus. benedictus. 'Broad-leaf English' T. C. E. A. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. T. praecox T. sylvestris D. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. marianum S. laevigata Eupatorium. × citriodorus T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. praecox subsp. phaenopyrum C.

pruinosa. radicans Bignonia capreolata. cerasiforme. lycopersicum L. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. sanctum Tulipa T. L. sanctum O. P. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. lycopersicum var. alata Lycopersicon. noli-tangere. C. Coreopsis Linaria. P. I.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Physalis peruviana L. peruviana P. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. lycopersicum var. praecox subsp. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone .

caeruleum Clematis. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. P. odorata V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. C. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. V. cornuta V. canina. odorata V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. Chimaphila. caprea . cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. V riviniana Viola odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. C. officinalis Polemonium. longifolia Chamaelaucium. cornuta 'Alba' V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. lemon Vetiver Viburnum.

frigida A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. I. V. caprea. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. S. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. W. annua A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Stachys . Gaultheria procumbens. verticillata Chimaphila. camphorata A. absinthium A. gmelinii A. Corydalis sempervirens A. pontica. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Vanilla barbellata A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. ambrosioides Artemisia. nudum Isatis I. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima.

vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. lutea. filipendulina A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. C. vomitoria I. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. simplicissima Cladrastis.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. millefolium A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. × media 'Hicksii' T. I. X. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . ageratum A. taygetea A.

napellus Acorus A. blue giant hyssop. lion's tail anise hyssop. cana A. theophrasti Acacia A. calamus Adiantum A. Indian mallow China jute. monkshood flowering maple. pedatum Agastache A. five-finger f. monkshood helmut flower. fragrant g. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. thousand-seal. maidenhair American maidenhair. h.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. Indian mallow. millefolium A. butter-print. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. parlor m. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. h. fennel g. ageratum A. foeniculum Agave A.... tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. alpinus Aconitum A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. sanguinary. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. fourcroydes sweet flag. yarrow sneezeweed. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. longifolia Achillea A. taygetea A. maidenhair fern. nose-bleed. calamus maidenhair fern. breviflora A.

rosea Alchemilla A.A. garlic rocambole. fistulosum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. senescens var. moly A. ciboule. Rosenbachianum A. sisal hemp. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. reptans Alcea A. schoenoprasum A. serpent garlic chive. giganteum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. scorodoprasum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. alpina A.. cocklebur.. schnittlauch giant garlic . purple c. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle.. two-bladed o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. Spanish o. Pulchellum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. flowering o. sativum A.. cive. vulgaris Allium A. flavum A. Japanese bunching o. neapolitanum A. sativum var. ostrowskianum A. christophii A. hemp plant agrimony. githago Ajuga A. karataviense A. ophioscorodon A. tree o.

garlic c. canadensis Amsonia A. bugloss alkanet. Oriental garlic . tuberosum Aloe A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. blanda A.. triphylla Althaea A. juneberry. hupehensis var. tinctoria Anthriscus A.glaucum A. Barbados a. caudatus Amelanchier A. japonica A. pulsatilla Anethum A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. barbadensis Aloysia A. officinalis Anemone A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. cerefolium chervil angelica. marschalliana A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. Curasao a.. bugloss windflower. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. officinarum Anchusa A. officinalis Amaranthus A. white m. medicinal a. sphaerocephalum A. archangel.. shad. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. shadbush.

vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens var. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha A. graveolens A. European crowfoot bearberry.Apium A.

old man southernwood absinthe. bear's grape. dracontium A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. virginicum bearberry. sativa A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. rusticana Artemisia A. maritima Armoracia A. arborescens A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. triphyllum A. europaeum A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. creashak green-dragon. wormwood southernwood. sandberry. sea pink thrift. dracunculus var. canadense A. pontica A. annua A. mugwort. frigida A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mountain box. mealberry. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. stewardsonii Armeria A. kinnikinick. triphyllum subsp. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. pink or white horseradish.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. lactiflora A. asarabacca wild ginger. hog cranberry. red cole sagebrush. camphorata A. albula A. Ludoviciana var. gmelinii A.

cool-tankard cole. ruby s. butterfly flower butterfly weed. papyrifera Boehmeria B. perennis Berberis B.. tinctoria Barbarea B. c. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. saltbush orach. major Atriplex A. upland cress winter cress. pleurisy root. vulgaris Bellis B. australis B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. i. officinalis Astrantia A. plains f.. c. tuberroot. wild indigo blue false indigo. halimus A. jaundice berry. mustard . garden o. vulgaris. tuberosa Asparagus A. orach sea orach. China grass borage borage. B. c. talewort. yellow r. silkweed. wild blue i. vulgaris Beta milkweed. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B.Asclepias A. nivea Borago B. rattleweed winter cress. piprage beet swiss chard. hortensis B Baptista B. s. wild indigo. rocket. c. Chinese silk plant. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. mountain spinach false indigo. ruby s. s.

cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. officinalis Calycanthus C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . eruca B.. floridus Campanula C. strawberry s. microphylla var. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. pineapple s. grandiflora Calendula C. carpatica C.. microphylla 'Nana' B. sempervirens B. koreana B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. white-flowered k.B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.

p. C. pimento sweet pepper s. p.. o. p. bell p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. s. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. rapunculus Campsis C. p.. p. cow-itch. o. persicifolia C. o. green p. red p. p. s. trumpet flower. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. sweet pepper. o.. o. o. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper.C.. p. s. chili p. green p. p. p. trumpet vine.

snakehead . ovata Cassia C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle..< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. carvi Carya C. false saffron. tinctorius Carum C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. deodara Celosia C. canariensis Cedrus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.. senna.. Madagascar periwinkle. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. shellbark h. marilandica Catharanthus C. nobile Chelidonium C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. cristata Cercis C. red p. illinoinensis C. bastard s. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. Russian c.. frutescens Carthamus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. majus Chelone cayenne p.. Tabasco-sauce p. garden c. Tabasco p.. celandine celandine turtlehead. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. chili p. capsicum p.

barbe-de-capuchin. virgin's bower. crispus C. racemosa Cistus C. parthenium C. ladanifer Citrus C. ambrosioides C. leather flower. bonus-henricus C. feather geranium. leather flower. intybus Cimicifuga C. cinerariifolium C. frutescens C. American w. wax flower. alecost pyrethrum.C. fat hen ambrosia. Robert Brydon' C. Chinese dwarf 1... umbellata Chionanthus C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy... devil's-darning- . botrys Chimaphila C. balsamita C. dwarf 1. red-leaved chicory bugbane. wormseed. mint geranium. Meyer 1. wintergreen. rattletop black cohosh. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. pigweed Mexican tea. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. leucanthemum C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. virgilia virgin's bower. pyrethum. Spanish t. lutea Clematis C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. glabra Chenopodium C. old-man's-beard costmary. × superbum Cichorium C. coccineum C. Dalmatia p. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. virginiana balmony goosefoot.

laevigata C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander.needle Cnicus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle .. red haw hawthorn English h. smoke plant. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. thorn apple. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. tinctoria Coriandrum C. benedictus Coix C. cneorum Coptis C. smokebush smoke tree. trifolia Coreopsis C. peregrina Consolida C. avellana Cotinus C. autumnale Comptonia C. arkansana C. sativum Cornus C. Venetian sumac. thorn. Chinese parsley dogwood. ambigua C. apiculatus Crataegus C. florida Corylus C. quick-set. orientalis Convallaria C. majalis Convolvulus C. smokebush. coggygria Cotoneaster C.

angustifolius C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. citratus Cytisus C.. sieberi C. speciosus 'Albus' C.. sativus C. West Indian 1. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. maritimum Crocus C. × allwoodii D. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . kotschyanus C. gracilis Dianthus D. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. sempervirens Cydonia C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. scoparius C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. speciosus C.C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.

plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. grandiflora D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. lanata D. gas plant. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. carnation. sylvestris Doronicum D. sativus D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. burning bush.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D.

fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot .E. arvense E. b. rugosum v. viridis Epimedium E. sea eryngo California poppy C. maritimum Eschscholzia E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. S. hyemale Eranthis E. gum tree. sea holm. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. blueweed. poppy eucalypt. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. Japanese medlar. californica Eucalyptus E. japonica Eryngium E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. vulgare Elaeagnus E. dulcis Endymion E.. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. epimedium barrenwort. ironbark. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. perfoliatum E. J. pungens Eleocharis E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. plum eryngo sea holly. Australian gum. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. torquata Euonymus E. jacinth.

carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.s. imperialis Fumaria F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. major Fragaria F. ulmaria F. vulgare F.Euphorbia E. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . chiloensis F. vulgare F. vulgare var. a. cyparissias F Ferula F. assafoetida Ficus F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. vulgaris Foeniculum F. finocchio.s. sow-teat s. vulgare subsp. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. a. alpine s.s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. a.

sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. sweet w. triacanthos Gossypium G. wild c. mock p. pulegioides American pennyroyal. mountain tea. gardenia. robertianum Glechoma G. dyer's greenweed. teaberry. our-lady's-b. hederacea Gleditsia G. honey locust. odoratum G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. virginiana Hedeoma H. hirsutum H Hamamelis H.. Carolina jessamine Genista G.. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. Capejasmine wintergreen. tinctoria Geranium G. red Robin . checkerberry. mollugo G. woodwaxen. alumroot herb Robert. field balm..F.. ground ivy. runaway robin. spotted c. vernalis H. Carolina jasmine G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. germanica G. verum Gardenia G. cleavers white bedstraw. jasminoides Gaultheria G. maculatum G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. Carolina yellow j. false baby's-breath woodruff. nivalis Galium G.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.

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mallow. curry plant false licorice.. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. bastard jute.. matronalis Hibiscus H. atrorubens H. glabra Hesperis H. rose-of-China. blacking plant plantain lily. Deckaner h. bimlipatum j.. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. flavescens Helenium H.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. sweet r. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. bimli j. Indian hemp.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. daylily . turnsole heliotrope. rose m. Chinese hibiscus. China rose.. giant m. cannabinus H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. lemon d.. orientalis Hemerocallis H. foetidus H. lividus subsp. Deccan h. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. corsicus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. Hawaiian h. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. lilioasphodelus H. arborescens Helleborus H. garland 1. hibiscus kenaf. × luteola Herniaria H. angustifolium H. licorice plant heliotrope.. niger H.

candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. horned h.H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. European h. navelwort gotu kola St. orangeroot. box-leaved h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. rose h. crenata var. . lupulus Hydrangea H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. box-leaved h.. patulum 'Sungold' H. asiatica Hypericum H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. perforatum Hyssopus H.-John's-wort St.-John's-wort St. white h.

glabra I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag.. helenium Ipomoea I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. pseudacorus Isatis I. crested i. capensis Indigofera I. horizontalis creeping j. chinensis var. 'Great Lakes' I. crested dwarf i. J. yellow flag. jewelweed. snapweed. spotted t. × germanica var. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . cristata I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. alba Iris I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. tinctoria Inula I. opaca I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam.I. officinale Juniperus J. florentina I.. virginiana red cedar jasmine. wilsonii Impatiens I. maculata J Jasminum J.. tinctoria Ixia I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. touch-me-not jewelweed. water f. African corn lily corn lily orris. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. woad dyer's woad.

indica Lamium L.. plume plant. maculatum L. angustifolia subsp. sweet bay laurel. flamingo p. d.. brandegeana shrimp plant J. plume flower. king'scrown L Lactuca L. nobilis Lavandula L.. carnea Brazilian-plume. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. white d. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . dumb nettle. bay. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. dentata L. angustifolia L. dentata var. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. n. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel.. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. n.Justicia water willow J. album L. paradise p.

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. officinale Ligustrum L.. muscari Lobelia L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. benzoin Linum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. chalcedonicum Limonium L. hedge plant privet. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. marsh rosemary. candidum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. usitatissimum Liriope L. leonurus Leontopodium L. blue cardinal flower . latifolium Linaria Lindera L. perenne L. aestivum Levisticum L. sativum Leucojum L. summer s. pepperwort. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. lovage privet.

money plant. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. campion. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. stellata M. silver-dollar. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay .L. grandiflora M. flava L. annua Lychnis L. satin flower honesty. gypsywort. penny f. maritima L. virginiana sweet alyssum. coral h. coronaria L. vulgaris Lythrum L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. honesty. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. sempervirens Lunaria L. cordata Magnolia M. lycopersicum var. europaeus Lysimachia L. lycopersicum var. catchfly mullein pink. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L.. moonwort. coronaria 'Alba' L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy.

aquatica M. lungwort bluebells. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. apple m. bluebells.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. white h. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. × piperita M. alcea var.. angustifolia M. pineapple m. requienii M. incanum M. b.Mahonia M. citrata M. Oregon g. 'Eau de Cologne' M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. bee b. sweet b. hupehensis Malva M. Virginia c. mountain g... pennyroyal Corsican m.. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. musk m. cowslip. 'Guiding Star' M. × gentilis M. Scotch m. Virginia b. holly barberry. officinalis Mentha M. × piperita var. stock stock. bergamot m.. incana Melissa M.. imperial stock balm lemon b. American crab.. horsemint . spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. holly mahonia. curly m. blue barberry apple. fastigiata Marrubium M. Brampton stock. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. menthella. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. lemon m. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. longifolia M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. vulgare Matthiola M.. holly g. pulegium M. gillyflower.

scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. citriodora M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . Swedish m. banana abaca. white bee balm pink b. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. winter purslane. odorata Myrtus M. fistulosa var. textilis Myosotis M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. punctata Montia M. b. myrrh.M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. anise. menthifolia M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. red m.. swamp c. Oswego tea. white b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. sylvatica Myrica M. candleberry. fistulosa M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. Greek myrtle. b. sweet cicely. American m. pink b.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

widdy shrubby c. hardy orange poplar. granatum Pyrus P. domestica P.. trifoliata Populus P. elatior P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. angustifolia P. aspen. nepalensis P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead.Poncirus P. pasture b. cowslip self-heal self-heal. brake. maritima P. lungwort blue 1. veris Prunella P. tacamahac cinquefoil. sieboldii 'Alba' P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. all-heal salad burnet. hackmatack. balsam p. pensylvanica P. heal-all. Americana P. persica Pteridium P. Jerusalem sage. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken.. five-finger shrubby c. vulgaris Prunus P. golden hardhack. hog-pasture b. Jerusalem cowslip white p. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . sand p. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P.. brake bracken.

eglanteria R. moss r. canina R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. York-and-Lancaster r. rose. China r. garden c.. pie plant. fairy r.. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. red currant. small c. gooseberry alpine c. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. ficaria Reseda R. sweetbrier French r. dog b. alpinum R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. eglantine. luteola Rhamnus R. banksiae R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. chinensis 'Minima' R. pilewort mignonette weld. dog r. mountain c. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. . cabbage r. Bourbon r. garden r. stellata R Ranunculus R. crowfoot lesser celandine. brier r. 'Cinderella' R... gallica damask r. × borboniana R. autumn damask r. sativum Rosa R. moss r. typhina Ribes R. pygmy r.. purshiana Rheum R. brier Banksia r.Quercus Q.

burnet r. acetosa R. Turkestan r. climbing r. Cherokee r. polyantha r. × rehderana R. musk r. garden sorrel broad dock. Scotch r. tinctorum Rubus R. bitter d. French sorrel rue . roxburghii R. rugosa R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. moschata R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. wichuraiana R. climbing r.. angustissimus R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. madder bramble blackberry. × harisonii R. setigera R. 'Schneezwerg' R. dock s. prostrate rosemary. prairie r. chestnut r. golden p. r. hirta Rumex R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R.. chinquapin r. Japanese r.'Officinalis' R. spinosissima R.. Harison's yellow r.. sorrel. rosemary white r. rosemary pine-scented r. obtusifolius R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. laevigata R. snowdwarf memorial r.

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clary annual clary elder. gray sage. involucrata S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. variegated garden s. pussy willow sage. American e. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. guaranitica S. s. leucantha S. greggii S. sclarea S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. elderberry American e. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. caprea Salvia S. bloodroot red puccoon.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. Mexican bush s. s. garden s. osier goat willow. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. elegans S. leucophylla S. argentea S. canadensis willow. clevelandii S. viridis Sambucus S. caerula S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. golden g. microphylla S. purple variegated garden s. bloodroot rue . purple g.

officinalis Sassafras S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. hortensis S. neapolitana S. albidum Satureja S. pincushion flower pincushions. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. marianum Sium S. live-forever houseleek. pinnata S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. roof h. St. hen-and-chickens. live-forever houseleek. orpine donkey's tail orpine. sweet s. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. mourning-bride stonecrop. mad apple . skirret potato vine eggplant..Sanguisorba S. trifasciata Santolina S. hemp plant snake plant. virens Saponaria S. canadensis Sansevieria S. melongena var. atropurpurea Sedum S. morganianum S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.. good-luck plant. Mary's t.. jasminoides S. lucky plant. telephium Sempervivum S. tectorum Silybum S. devil's tongue. milk t. sisarum Solanum S.. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. blessed t.

laciniata Persian lilac S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. sorbifolia Sorbus S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g.. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. californica Sorbaria S.. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. laevis Symphytum S. lutea Stokesia S. woundwort lamb's-ears. lilac . grandiflora S. patula melongene. officinale S. byzantina S. vulgaris 'Addie V. americana Stachys S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. × persica var. hedge nettle. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. big m. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. erecta marigold African m. reticulata var.

golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. lucida T. yew conical y. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. columnar y. sweet mace French m.T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. vulgare var.. culinary golden lemon t. filifolia T. occidentalis Thymus T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. dwarf m. 'Argenteus' T. signet m. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. vulgare T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. tansy tansy. dense y. marum Thuja T. officinale Taxus T. . wood sage germander dwarf. upright y.. fruticans T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. carnosus T. crispum Taraxacum T. canadense T. lemon t.. procumbent g. germander American g.

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'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. pallasianus T. pratensis Trichostema T. red c. caraway t. t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. lanatum Trifolium T. glabrescens T. wishbone flower. not culinary French t. odorus t. creeping t. . crimson c. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. lemon t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. richardii subsp. doerfleri T.. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. nummularius T. nitidus T. serpyllum T. t. confederatej. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. romero clover red clover star jasmine. praecox subsp. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. leucotrichus T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. praecox T. herba-barona T.. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. woolly thyme creeping t. zygis Torenia T.

mullein mullein. cranberry. blattaria V. Indian cress dwarf n. squill. serpyllifolia nasturtium. farfara U Urginea U. clusiana T. nettle stinging n. officinalis Verbascum V. maritima Urtica U. bitter Indian garden n. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. dioica V Vaccinium V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. early. pale yellow Darwin t. blueberry. tarda T.. kaufmanniana T. thapsus Veronica V.. speedwell. flannel plant. velvet p. majus T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tall n. tawny orange t. minus Tsuga T. olympicum V. officinalis V. canadensis Tulipa T. water-lily t. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. 'Blizzard' T.Tropaeolum T. . huckleberry. species t. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. red s. 'General de Wet' T. laevifolium Valeriana V. 'Sweet Harmony' T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. angustifolium var.

sweet h. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle.Vetiveria V. arrowwood. heartsease. possum haw . viola white viola blue viola teaberry. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. maple-leaved viburnum. zizanioides Viburnum V. cassinoides V. tricolor V. prunifolium Vinca V. khus-khus. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. minor Viola V. odorata V. heartsease pansy. lesser p.. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.. myrtle. acerifolium V.. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. sheepberry. nannyberry. carlesii V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. withe-rod vetiver. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. canina V. lutea 'Splendens' V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. running m. × wittrockiana Vitis V. violet dog violet horned v. ladies-delight.

officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.

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