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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Their energy and charm caught me up. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. for they had no model and no guide. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. It needs no sequel. especially poetry. Then. Ginny had done some writing.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. more of them exist to serve as examples. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. With false starts and honest stops. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. carefully chosen. build it. and the experience provided the final section of the book. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. This was not to be. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. This they did. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. successes. bereft of hope. pushing. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. The turning point came when. punching. wheedling. with sparkling enthusiasm. and record every detailall of the failures. Again they revised. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. responded with delight. whether all their labor was to no avail. and the publisher. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. alterations. seven years ago. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude.

and educational purpose. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. English thyme. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. without accompanying commentary. . Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Likewise. specialty. Not all plants used are herbs. former generic names. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Some of these were created by landscape architects. although countless common names exist. To achieve this. We. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. 1969 and 1980. by their owners. and these are capitalizedfor example." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. degree of maintenance required. rather. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. while others were prepared by landscape designers. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. or by contributors. the authors. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. A range of essential factors is considered herein. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. historical interest. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Italics are always used for botanical names. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. The herb garden designs alone. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. we completed a test garden. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality.

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and Rexford Talbert. His assistant. Weatherhead. and August Frugé. Jo Lohmolder. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Susan Frugé. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Swanson and Robert B. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Special thanks are due James C. The late Raymond C. Recognition is due Robert B. M. president.D. Genevieve Jyurovat. Lee Buss. has been especially helpful over the years. Keebler and the late Everest P. Alice Skelsey. has given us valuable information. Nell Neff. librarian. Finally. Eleanor Gambee. too. past presidents. Isaacson. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid.. She has served. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Wanda Ritchie. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. FAITH H. have also been of assistance. and Joanna Reed. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. as expediter and typist. Trudi Bela. We are grateful to many. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Rady. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. and the horticulturist. Derthick. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Betty Rea. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. which made possible the completion of our text. Herbert J. Alexander Apanius. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. A lecturer on herbs. and Elizabeth Bryce. Richard T. former director of same.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former managing editors.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

"A garden is the mirror of a mind. If no . As Henry Beston reflects. partially excavated area. a front dooryard. lay out a plan of the property. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. temples of worship. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Its interest is independent of flowers. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. new ways of seeing. "Not difficult to plan. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. and hedges will have been located. not at all difficult to maintain. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. and structures. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. As one constantly reinforces the other." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. or an abandoned. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. new plants. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. and decisions must not be left to chance. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. some of which are evergreen. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. to increase the value of the property. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Perennial herbs. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. the north point will have been indicated. In order to create a fine garden design. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. fences. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last." A good design does not "happen.

and hedges. measurements are in engineer's scale. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. fences. Here. < previous page page_2 next page > .Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.

measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. too. In the absence of a survey map. measurements are in engineer's scale. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. but with all needed information. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Next. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Here. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. A deed description.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. to locate the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. such as the one illustrated here. too. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. The object is to . measure to locate the house. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. In this example. and the driveway. other significant structures.

lines at an angle. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. < previous page page_3 next page > . and unusual land features noted. enclosures. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. shrubs. and parallel lines. The tools needed for drawing are few. paths.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. triangleof inexpensive plastic. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. The smaller the scale. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. driveway.

drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. and holly. One basic rule is the higher the wall. With the plan on paper. In some cases. old smokehouse. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. garage. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. greenhouse. Upkeep. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. gazebo. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. In the designs that follow. A toolhouse. bayberry. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. yew. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. or summer kitchen is ideal. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. and stone. and hedges of hemlock. In the absence of a structure. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. However. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. iron. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. brick.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

yew. gray surfaces are found. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. but the results will confirm this course. cut stones. as an example. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. they can be made to order. a temporary garden that may be changed later. bricks. Styles are legion. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Rosemary. as in outdoor room dividers. or pressure-treated lumber. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Gates are part of the enclosure. painted. Brick is the all-time favorite material. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. landscape timbers.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. it will seem too sparsely planted. deeply evergreen. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. When used with a hedge. Allow adequate room within the row. Stone. At first. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Whatever the reason. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. whether it will be rocks. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. some deciduous and some evergreen. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Generally. for example. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. so give them much thought. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Stained. Lower cost is an advantage. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. When this reinforcement is understated. annual painting is a necessity. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. holly. railroad ties. If used. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. . too. and their styles are countless. box. or. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. If desired. for reinforcing the design. or natural. For example. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. and rosemary. such as bayberry. elegant box. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Equally important is proportion. the garden design is most attractive. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. if wood is the material of choice. Where air circulation is much needed. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. In some climates. however. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material.

logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. there is a necessary.Steps When constructing steps. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. awkward and unsafe.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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A width of four feet allows room for turning. but should be compatible with. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. If groups are walking through. rosy pink. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. cost. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Choose the path material equally for comfort. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. because they are just that. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. appearance. their use no less than comfortable. or red. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. too. Step materials need not be the same as. making the design more evident. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. the greater the tread. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. There are. however. Access paths. Paths must be ample. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. for example. . These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. and maintenance. The colors are various: terracotta.

A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.

If the garden is made up of separate beds. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. With these recommendations in mind. serviceberry. a result being hazardous footing. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida.) To avoid having a slippery surface. shad Malus coronaria. bark or pine needles can be used. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. and many good references are available. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. they should not shade the herbs too much. is an enjoyable experience. This. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. prepare a planting plan for each. a soft-lead pencil in hand. shrubs. too. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. They are easily renewed as they break down. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. or trees to be considered. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. When they mature. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs.

for example. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. it is easily read and easily erased. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. for example. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. too.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. one-half inch equals one foot. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. or whatever is best in your case. however. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. lemon thyme. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. a focal point is customarily used. whether they are invasive or tall growing. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Do use a soft-lead pencil. Artifacts As with other gardens. 'Mount Hood daff. Sept. It needs. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. such as the one illustrated here. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Often this center of interest is a sundial. noting well their growth habits. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind.

It is then in scale with its frame. If a statue less than life-size is used. the height of a fence to the house. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. < previous page page_9 next page > . Again.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. a niche of its own should be created. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a stylized drawing of an ovary. Except for two. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. that of good proportion. However. the designs have a decorative north point.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. For easy reference.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

lemon 15. The first number in each planting area is the key number. dill cerasiforme. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum majorana. sativa. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. arcticus 27. Foeniculum vulgare. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. Landscape Architect. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. bee balm 13.Allium 11. 16.Lobularia maritima. 4. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. which is used here in relation to a garage. 6. salad burnet 12. With color and texture considered for contrast. fennel 2.Viola tricolor.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. 5. 14. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Galium odoratum. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.Satureja montana. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.L.Melissa officinalis.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. 1. summer 23. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. rose 24.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. lemon balm . a fence. 21. or other structure.S. Lavenders accent the front corners. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. The rules of symmetry are observed.Pelargonium graveolens.Poterium sanguisorba. 7. A. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. 3.Ocimum basilicum. 22. lovage 17. sweet 25.Satureja hortensis. 26. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.A.

leek 9. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Greek 28. costmary 'Albus'. 19.Porrum Group. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . Chrysanthemum balsamita. chive 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dwarf garden 20.Origanum heracleoticum.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley 10.Salvia officinalis. Pelargonium × limoneum.8.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.

fennel English lavender geranium 4. summer 10. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Artemisia dracunculus var.Poterium sanguisorba. 12. bush basil 3.Monarda didyma. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Foeniculum vulgare. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium tomentosum.Satureja hortensis.Lavandula angustifolia. as was done here. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. 18. perhaps overgrown with weeds. rose 19.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. lemon verbena 21. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 11.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon 2. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. 17. . bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. 9. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla. curly parsley sativa. white 20.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. 13.

Rosa eglanteria.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. 14. English thyme dill 8. 16.Origanum majorana.Heliotropium arborescens.Galium odoratum.salad burnet 6. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . English'.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. eglantine 23. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.

Salvia officinalis. dill 2.Petroselinum crispum. however.Poterium sanguisorba. making the beds larger and the paths wider. A. 7.Satureja hortensis. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. lemon thyme 10.S. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Taxus cuspidata.Mentha spicata.Levisticum officinale. 13. . still observing a scale. however. 1.Chionanthus virginicus. and the plan could be used at a front door. Origanum majorana. parsley 5. sativa. sweet marjoram 3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lovage 15. The garden is conveniently located. garden sage 8.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Artemisia dracunculus var. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A.L. salad burnet 14. spearmint 16. Japanese yew 17. Then the design might need to be expanded. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. 9. summer savory 11. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Even in limited space. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium schoenoprasum. The number in each planting area is the key number.

sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.6.Tropaeolum majus.

summer 21. 32. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Viola odorata.Primula vulgaris. bee balm 14. 13. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. The number in each planting area is the key number. cinnamon fern 4. 33. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 25. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.L. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Dictamnus albus. the challenge is obvious. fennel 19. 1. 9. salad 20. 31. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Allium ampeloprasum. Monarda didyma. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. 18.Convallaria majalis. wild ginger 27. This is an intimate garden. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Polystichum acrostichoides.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.Pulmonaria officinalis.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . fraxinella 15.Asarum canadense. 6.Thymus × citriodorus. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. Christmas fern 5.Digitalis grandiflora.A. sweet violet 16. 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. yellow 29. 30.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. garden sage 17.S.Osmunda cinnamomea.Humulus lupulus.Origanum majorana. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Polemonium reptans. 7.Artemisia dracunculus var. Landscape Architect. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. Jacob's-ladder 3. The long. lemon thyme 28. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. A. lavender marjoram 2.Stachys byzantina. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. hop sativa. blue lungwort 26.

Canada hemlock Standard'.lilac 10. crispum.Petroselinum crispum var.Galium verum.Galium odoratum.Tsuga canadensis.Sorbus americana. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Korean box 11.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. yellow bedstraw 23. winter savory 24.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. sweet 34. French'.savory germander Willmott'. French thyme woodruff koreana. 35.Buxus microphylla var. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Satureja montana.

Salvia officinalis. geometric design. To be placed near the kitchen.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. neapolitanum. dill 10. It is a pleasing. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 19. garden sage 20. lemon verbena 2. Surprisingly. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. devoted to a "yearly surprise. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. this design can be an inspiration." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Aloysia triphylla. 1.Petroselinum crispum var. it became part of the patio.Origanum heracleoticum. Italian parsley . and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Rumex scutatus. One of the beds. Even so.

Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. 16. sweet 14. curly parsley 22.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Anthriscus cerefolium.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. crispum.Ocimum basilicum.17.Melissa officinalis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Origanum majorana. purple basil 4.Borago officinalis. French tarragon 5. winter savory 24.Myrrhis odorata. summer savory 23. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. chive 25. lemon balm cicely 6. chervil marjoram 21.Satureja hortensis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Petroselinum crispum var.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana. sweet 18. garlic chive 26. basil sativa. lemon basil 9.Allium schoenoprasum.Poterium sanguisorba. borage 'Purpurascens'. salad 15.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum 12. English thyme bush basil 8. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Artemisia dracunculus var.3. sweet 13. Alpine strawberry 7.

The center beds here were established in this way. 19. Created in an orderly way. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. sweet cicely 23.Galium odoratum. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. To increase the planting area. geometric design.Pelargonium in variety. lamb's-ears 20. it is full of interesting angles.C. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. so. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. English lavender 10. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Satureja montana. blue 22. the work paths could be eliminated. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. 14.Santolina virens. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. winter 21. As a whole. it is an unusual.Thymus × citriodorus. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. scented-leaf geranium 2.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. D. 1.Stachys byzantina. gray . purple basil 4.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. too.Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary 3.Lavandula angustifolia. English thyme lemon thyme 11. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. green santolina 12. sweet 13.

Artemisia abrotanum. clove pink 7.Ilex opaca.Myrtus communis.Dianthus caryophyllus. camphor-scented wormwood 8. silver mound artemisia 18. classic myrtle 9.6.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia camphorata.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. French thyme santolina 15. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . 25. horehound24. American southernwood holly 17.

Tanacetum vulgare. purple basil 3. borage 23. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. pot marigold 24.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff 5. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.Borago officinalis. Galium odoratum. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Melissa officinalis. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. yarrow 12. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Job's tears 11. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. English lavender 6. this herb garden is secluded. 1. Lavandula angustifolia. arcticus 21. Achillea millefolium. absinthe 26. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. sweet basil 4. Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia absinthium. winter savory 16. which adds its impression of warmth. French tarragon 14.Artemisia dracunculus var. gray santolina 13. blue hyssop 2. too. Its arrow points north and.Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Satureja montana. sativa. Sometimes space is limited. lemon balm 22. tansy 25.Chamaemelum .< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. rosemary 15. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. This center of interest is of particular note. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Calendula officinalis. casts the shadow for the hour. Coix lacryma-jobi.Hyssopus officinalis.

Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum majorana. variegated garden sage 8.Symphytum officinale. chive 18. wild marjoram 28. white creeping thyme nobile.Carya illinoinensis.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. sweet 29.Origanum vulgare. pineapplescented sage 9. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .7. chamomile 17. garden sage 19. scented-leaf 27. Salvia elegans.Syringa. costmary 'Albus'. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Salvia officinalis. marjoram pecan 10.Pelargonium in variety. comfrey20.

need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. true ginger16.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Melissa officinalis. sativa. lemon balm 35. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 1. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Galium odoratum.Satureja hortensis.Myrrhis odorata.Origanum majorana. hyssop Meyer lemon . 6. rose geranium 2. sunken into the ground. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. When controlled in this way. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.Pelargonium graveolens.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. blue 23. parsley 17.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 34.Ruta graveolens. Anthriscus cerefolium. 19. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. French sorrel 21.Teucrium chamaedrys. chervil 15.Ipomoea alba. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Allium sativum. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. sweet cicely 37.Allium schoenoprasum. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. garlic Levisticum officinale. 29. 8.Marrubium vulgare. purple basil Zingiber officinale. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. 30. 7.Pelargonium × limoneum. rue 31. 3. 4. 18. horehound 33. dill 20. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 9.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lovage 22. The more invasive ones.Apium graveolens.Salvia officinalis. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 36. summer 32. 5.

Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme 24. dwarf nasturtium 13. English thyme 26. Greek oregano 12.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus × citriodorus.Tropaeolum minus.Magnolia virginiana. Japanese yew 39. lemonthyme 28.Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha spicata. salad burnet 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 27. lemon verbena 11. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum.10. bush basil 14.

this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. "Simplify. a quick way to ensure good drainage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. simplify!. but. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. however. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. whatever the reason. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. < previous page page_22 next page > . It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

tansy 11.Mentha x piperita.Satureja hortensis. rue 20.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Lactuca sativa. lemon 22. sweet 15.Anethum graveolens. lettuce 10. peppermint 23.Rosmarinus officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. garden sage 3.Tanacetum vulgare. spicebush absinthe French'. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. dill 13. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . summer basil savory 7. spearmint 21.Monarda didyma. aloe Grossum Group. 14. 26.Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum.Impatiens capensis.Origanum majorana. bee balm 19.Lindera benzoin. arcticus. parsley 2. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. 16.Mentha spicata. 18. balm sativa.Allium fistulosum. bell pepper 6. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 25.Allium schoenoprasum.Ruta graveolens. sweet 17.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 12.Artemisia absinthium.Aloe barbadensis. French tarragon 5.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Capsicum frutescens. jewelweed24.Petroselinum crispum.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

horizontally laid bluestone. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. A low wall of brick. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Thymus praecox subsp. Perovskia abrotanoides. faced and capped with random.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. French thyme 2. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. 8. too. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. . The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. arcticus 14. germander 7. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. encloses this plan.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Russian 13.Pelargonium in variety. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Teucrium chamaedrys.

Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. lady's6.Hyssopus officinalis. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. St.Hamamelis virginiana. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lemon balm hyssop 12. white creeping thyme 5. trumpet vine 16. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. blue 11. crimson creeping thyme 9.angustifolia.-John'swort 17. arcticus 'Albus'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Galium odoratum. lavender 3.Viburnum cassinoides. lemon thyme 10. Thymus × citriodorus. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Campsis radicans.Melissa officinalis.Santolina neapolitana 4. witch hazel 18.

< previous page page_28 next page > . which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. It is. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. lilac. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. box. Although this is not a large garden. the shrubsyew. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. Germander is a proper edging here. holly. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. However.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. however. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Chamaemelum nobile. white hyssop 4. dwarf privet 48.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. columnal yew 43.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. fraxinella 33.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 36.Santolina virens. orris 38. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 21. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Simkins'. sweet violet 19. 32.Iris cristata. Mentha requienii. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Ruta graveolens. rue 6. Heliotropium arborescens.Artemisia frigida. crimson creeping thyme 31. prostrate rosemary 13. Japanese holly 42. Marrubium vulgare. clary 30. blue horehound hyssop 3. lady's.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Thymus praecox subsp. red creeping thyme 10.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Santolina pinnata 34.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. santolina alpine pink 28. lamb'sears 35.Artemisia camphorata. alpine strawberry 8.Dictamnus albus. Corsican 24. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Artemisia ludoviciana var. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Salvia sclarea. shrubby cinquefoil 46. Alchemilla vulgaris. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. 12. Japanese yew 44. 1. lilac 45. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet albula. 26.Salvia leucophylla.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Anemone pulsatilla. Myrrhis odorata.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. mantle chamomile 5.Syringa patula. dwarf crested iris 39.Cytisus supinus. classic myrtle 15.20. arcticus 'Albus'.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Hyssopus officinalis. gray sage savory 14. Viola odorata. Japanese holly 47.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. lavender 22.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Iris × germanica var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. winter 29.Myrtus communis.Eloise & Jo Ray.Santolina chamaecyparissus. woolly thyme 7. 9. 18.Borago officinalis.Stachys byzantina. white creeping thyme 37. fringed wormwood 16.Satureja montana. broom 40. sweet cicely17.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. green 27.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Thymus praecox subsp.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. 23.Comptonia peregrina. cottage pink 2.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. dwarf box 41. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. florentina.

a running bond pattern. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. while adding to the enclosure of the area. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. a cutting garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. This hedge. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. Other paths are brick. an herb garden. and a vegetable garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . The varied shapes of the beds add interest. the center of interest for the herb garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge.

Landscape Architect.L.S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. . A.

purple basil Japanese holly 17. Achillea taygetea. blue iris 9.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Allium christophii. lemon 29. Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus.The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow 35.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. summer 34. clary 46.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. lavender 18.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Hyssopus officinalis.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. fraxinella 26. green santolina 42.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. 37. bush basil 41. verbena rose chive 11.Stachys byzantina. French thyme 7.Salvia officinalis.Polystichum acrostichoides. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. blue 27. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears 49.Ribes alpinum. 1.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. candytuft Standard'. pale 28. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. Aquilegia chrysantha.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ocimum basilicum 54. blue hyssop 43.Aloysia triphylla. Christmas 48. 14.Satureja hortensis.Stokesia laevis.Magnolia virginiana.Lilium candidum.Artemisia dracunculus var. Louise'.Limonium latifolium. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. germander 39.Digitalis grandiflora.Galium odoratum.Hemerocallis × luteola.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. lemon thyme 40. double white peony of-Persia 12.Santolina virens. 55.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. French tarragon 8.Salvia sclarea. 47.Petroselinum crispum var. dill wishbone flower 5.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Origanum heracleoticum. helenium 4. cottage pink French'.Satureja montana. 52. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. 53.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. starsMaxima'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. yellow 24. 22. Campanula persicifolia. plantain lily 2. Dictamnus albus. sweet 51. York-andLancaster rose 16.Pelargonium in variety. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. columbine dwarf marigold 6. white 'Bouquet'. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. yellow epimedium 15. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . winter savory 44.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. sativa. Stokes' aster 31. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Anethum graveolens 23. alpine strawberry 3.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 50.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. sweet marjoram 45.Helleborus niger. statice Solemacher'. garden sage 56.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. 32.

The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. < previous page page_32 next page > . The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. While serving as a soil retainer. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. a retaining wall or walls are needed. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. as in this case. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden.

A. The number in each planting area is the key number. crispum. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Mentha spicata. F.Galium odoratum. 42. Ocimum basilicum. lady's43. English 44. Stachys byzantina. Monarda didyma.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet 23. Borago officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola odorata. Landscape Architect. borage 26.Lavandula angustifolia. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Thymus × citriodorus. Melissa officinalis. 21.Iris cristata.A. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Iris pseudacorus. lemon 22.Alchemilla vulgaris. lamb's25.R. . bee balm 24.45. lemon verbena 46.Aloysia triphylla. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Solanum pseudocapsicum. 1. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. spearmint 41. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.

orange mint 29.Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet marjoram 28. wild 39. fennel 35. curly parsley oak 17.Mentha pulegium.Vinca minor. Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. horehound neapolitanum.Allium ampeloprasum. curly mint 30. French tarragon holly 13.7. Egyptian onion 11. citrata. tabasco senna pepper 20. pink hawthorn 16. post crispum 'Banquet'.Rosa × rehderana. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. savory sativa.Allium tuberosum. Proliferum Group. 40. carpet bugleweed 8. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Anethum graveolens. absinthe English thyme 27. Greek 53.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium cepa. southernwood 31. flowering dogwood 15.Cornus florida.Allium sativum.Artemisia abrotanum.Petroselinum crispum var.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Salvia officinalis. mullein chive 47.Artemisia absinthium. garden sage 36. salad burnet 10. 56.Crataegus arkansana.Petroselinum crispum var. rue 51.Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita var. 52. Ajuga reptans.Capsicum frutescens.Satureja hortensis. 37. garlic chive 48. pineapple38.Cassia marilandica.Verbascum thapsus.Quercus stellata.Dianthus caryophyllus.Elaeagnus pungens. clove 55. rosemary 9.Artemisia dracunculus var. myrtle 58.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. catnip 50. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . pennyroyal 54.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. 33. dill 34. Porrum Group. summer 32. 57.Nepeta cataria.Ruta graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. leek 49.Origanum heracleoticum.Salvia elegans. polyantha rose 12.Foeniculum vulgare. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. Poterium sanguisorba.

but it is more than adequate for potpourri. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. and vinegars. mothproofing bags. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. < previous page page_34 next page > . However. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. Although this is a northeast exposure.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. sleep pillows. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather.

Landscape Architect . Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.

bay 48.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var. peppermint geranium 40. sativa.Rumex scutatus.Allium sphaerocephalum. tansy 16. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Pelargonium tomentosum. lemon 31. burnet lovage 6.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia elegans. florentina. chive 43. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thuja occidentalis. Proliferum Group. rue 26. Hallock'. lavender 7.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. costmary 5. Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 18.Monarda didyma. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Hyssopus officinalis . curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. dwarf nasturtium 37. blue hyssop 35. anise hyssop 14.Artemisia abrotanum.Satureja montana. lilac 32. southernwood 9. round-headed garlic 46. purple basil sage 11. lemon verbena 36.Levisticum officinale. salad 22.Pelargonium graveolens. Artemisia pontica.Alchemilla vulgaris.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Galium odoratum. Thymus × citriodorus. winter 29. Petroselinum crispum var.Melissa officinalis. 21. bee balm 30. daylily in variety 41. English finger-bowl geranium 38. Lactuca. garden 'Purpurascens'.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia oficinalis. French tarragon 10. garden sage 2. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Ocimum basilicum 27. Ruta graveolens.Allium moly. crispum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 'President Poincare'.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Laurus nobilis.Hemerocallis. French gray santolina sorrel 8. 23. 'Monge'.Tanacetum vulgare. 24.Pelargonium fragrans. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . nutmeg geranium 39.Salvia officinalis. 1. 49.Allium sativum var. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 19. Egyptian onion 42.Mentha spicata.Rosmarinus officinalis.Tsuga canadensis. balm valerian 15. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Allium pulchellum 47. Roman 20.Allium cepa. lettuce in variety 25. orris 17. lily leek 44.Tropaeolum minus. pot 28.Valeriana officinalis.Iris × germanica var. 50.Agastache foeniculum.Pelargonium × limoneum.Calendula officinalis.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.

Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. < previous page page_36 next page > . It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Invasive. A simple knot. is the focus of the middle level. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs.

Satureja montana 'Nana'. pineapplescented sage 47. Digitalis purpurea.Salvia elegans.Monarda didyma.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Armeria maritima. houseleek 45.Sempervivum tectorum. 1. horehound 46. French tarragon 44. golden thyme . white thrift 24. bee balm 26. fennel 25.Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare. valerian 5.Marrubium vulgare. pineapple mint 22. sativa. Valeriana officinalis. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. thyme 3. summer savory 43. foxglove 4.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf winter savory 2.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. salad burnet 23.

viper's 34. English 52.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. garden 42.Galium verum.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Ruta graveolens.Crocus sativus.Myrrhis odorata. Angelica archangelica.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis. China rose comfrey 19.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 40. winter bugloss 'Albus'. pot 35. annual clary 51. feverfew climbing rose 16.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. 33.Levisticum officinale. pink 62. white 58. germander 56.Calendula officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Eranthis hyemalis. sweet basil sage 27.Chrysanthemum 36.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Rosa eglanteria.Salvia viridis.6. yellow 41. sweet 50. Dictamnus albus. rosemary 28.Echium vulgare.Foeniculum vulgare.Laurus nobilis. rue 31. skirret 60.Rosmarinus officinalis. parthenium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. Madonna cicely lily 12.Agrimonia eupatoria. French'.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. 54. sweet 37. 38.Helleborus niger. 61. Salvia sclarea. clary 48. lavender Christmas rose 11. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. 30. pink 59.Lilium candidum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Ocimum basilicum. Isatis tinctoria. 39. dyer's woad 7.Rosa chinensis. marigold chive 15. absinthe 53. dwarf edging box 21.Anemone pulsatilla. blue hyssop 57.Artemisia absinthium. arcticus 55.Hyssopus officinalis. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. angelica Lenten rose 10. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. sweet 32.Galium odoratum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Lavandula angustifolia. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . fraxinella 8. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Teucrium chamaedrys.Allium schoenoprasum.Sium sisarum.Helleborus orientalis.Symphytum officinale.

may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. < previous page page_38 next page > . the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. However.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Carya ovata. There is variety in this plan. even though space is limited. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and the shagbark hickory. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk.

Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .

Aloysia triphylla. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. rue Cornusflorida. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. valerian Rosa damascena. Poterium sanguisorba. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. box Buxus sempervirens. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. citrata. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. Canada Isatis tinctoria. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. stewardsonii. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. lamb's. Asarum canadense. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. angelica Mondarda didyma. Artemisia absinthium.Arisaema triphyllum. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis.Galium verum. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. borage Petroselinum crispum. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. box Ruta graveolens. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. bee balm Melissa officinalis. Marrubium vulgare. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. box Carya ovata. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. sweet basil Satureja montana. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. chive Ilex opaca. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. green santolina Primula veris. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. sativa. dogwood Salvia sclarea. flax Buxus sempervirens. red mint . jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. germander Agastache foeniculum. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. French Galium odoratum. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. Adiantum pedatum. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

this excavation. too. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. is on a sandy knoll. it is open on the side facing the house. unplanned look was desired. a dipping pool there. However. A clump of birch here. A singular statue of St. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. first intended for the construction of a cottage. An informal. For this appearance. < previous page page_40 next page > .

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Vinca minor. Johnny-jump-up54.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 68.Ocimum basilicum.Achillea tomentosa. 64. gray scented sage santolina 4.Digitalis purpurea.Hyssopus officinalis. orris chamaecyparissus.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. lemon 35. 79. 60.Origanum majorana.Levisticum officinale.Urginea maritima. celandine cicely 18. thrift55.Chelidonium majus.Teucrium canadense.Satureja montana. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 72.Convallaria majalis.Artemisia abrotanum. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Angelica archangelica.Mentha × gentilis. pineapple3. pot 66. 33. 8. 58.Monarda didyma. creeping juniper 26. rose geranium 10. Ruta graveolens. 61.Mentha × piperita. 53. catnip 73.Lavandula angustifolia. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Thymus herba-barona. Thymus × citriodorus. 59. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. blue 2.Petroselinum crispum.Satureja hortensis.Armeria maritima.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Stachys byzantina.Origanum vulgare. Sempervivum tectorum. golden 37.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Coriandrum sativum. 12. 'Prostratus'.Digitalis grandiflora. 1. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Santolina florentina. rue 29. Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha spicata.Betula papyrifera.Glechoma hederacea.Pelargonium tomentosum.Viola tricolor. marsh 42. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. lemon balm 44.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium favum lovage 22.Anthriscus cerefolium. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 65. fern-leaf tansy 23. 30.Salvia officinalis. purple basil 9.Thymus praecox subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number. 67.Pelargonium crispum. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. wild 51.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. 69. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 77.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. apple mint 49. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. wild 43.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. winter savory 20. bee balm .Mentha suaveolens.Origanum onites. garden sage lungwort 57. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Ajuga reptans.Pelargonium quercifolium. 34.Consolida orientalis.Valeriana officinalis. 38. 32.Nepeta cataria.Chrysanthemum 80. 74. red mint 48. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Salvia elegans.Mentha pulegium. 63.Anethum graveolens.Althaea officinalis. peppermint 47.Monarda fistulosa.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. pennyroyal 46. spearmint 45. French'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sea onion angelica 24. rose bergamot valerian 25. Iris × germanica var. mint 50.Marrubium vulgare.Myrrhis odorata.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium denticulatum. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Rosa 'Merry England'. 70. 76. chive crispum. sweet 71.Allium schoenoprasum. white birch English lavender parthenium. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 52. 31. myrtle 14. 78. feverfew 27. 36. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. woolly thyme 13. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Melissa officinalis. orange geranium 11.Pelargonium odoratissimum. 75.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. and the two small trees. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. the accents of the six large box. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. < previous page page_42 next page > . A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the same as the smokehouse construction. is used for the wall. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. They are clustered around the smokehouse. making it more a part of the herb garden. Foundation stone. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Because of the edging box. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it.

< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.L.A. . A.S.

pineapple mint 18.Ocimum basilicum. sweet marjoram 2.Mentha × piperita.Alchemilla vulgaris. rosemary 3. balm citrata. summer 25. lemon 36.Mentha spicata. orange mint 19. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. purple basil sativa. fringed 43.Angelica archangelica. 39. spearmint 48. species in variety crispum.The number in each planting area is the key number. Corsican 33. 41.Mentha × piperita var. verbena English thyme 5. balsamita. chive comfrey curly mint 8. bee balm 29. 44. Dictamnus albus. lemon 34.Crocus.Viola tricolor.Prunus domestica.Mentha requienii. crownbasil savory imperial 11.38. Lavandula angustifolia. Pelargonium graveolens. 47. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. dwarf edging box 14. fraxinella 17. 22.Galium odoratum. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Allium giganteum. white 23.Melissa officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 24. sweet cicely45. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Fritillaria imperialis. box 'Citriodorum'. Asarum europaeum. 40. sweet 37. European ginger 4. blue angelica lungwort 20.Artemisia dracunculus var.Aloysia triphylla.Myrrhis odorata. winter 42. lady's.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Artemisia abrotanum. 'Purpurascens'. lemon basil 15. Symphytum officinale.Ocimum basilicum 30. English 'Minimum'. 21. 27. sweet 26. lovage 46.Pulmonaria officinalis.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Rosmarinus officinalis.Satureja montana.Allium schoenoprasum.Levisticum officinale. Origanum majorana.Artemisia frigida.Lilium candidum.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. 31.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Crataegus laevigata.Chrysanthemum 28.Buxus sempervirens.Ocimum basilicum 32.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 1. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Satureja hortensis. 35.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Tanacetum vulgare var.

Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. pink of Dianthus. a soil retainer. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. two specimen shrubs. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Lowgrowing. The dipping bowl. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. the dwarf box edging. This is true also of the stone curbing. < previous page page_44 next page > . Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. although it is ample at four feet. too. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. This hedge. Instead. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden.

A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.S. . Landscape Architect.L.

17. Thymus praecox subsp. tulip citrata.Lilium candidum.Leucojum aestivum.Crocus tomasinianus.Satureja montana. 58. Thymus doerfleri. angustifolia 'Nana'. prostrate rosemary 18.Cimicifuga racemosa. 46. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. caraway thyme albus.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Narcissus asturiensis.Pelargonium in variety.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 52. 61.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Santolina virens.Narcissus triandrus var.Thymus × citriodorus. catmint 35. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. white creeping thyme lovage 10. 53.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Origanum majorana. winter savory 39.Myrica pensylvanica. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. golden thyme41.Aloysia triphylla. green santolina 37. thyme 29.Allium giganteum angelica 11. 26. 36.Galium odoratum. Salvia officinalis. borage 31. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Salvia sclarea.Sternbergia lutea. Stachys byzantina.Dicentra spectabilis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Angelica archangelica. Spanish bluebell 16. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Crocus kotschyanus. 40.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. black cohosh windflower 15. clary 32. 49. Madonna 63. 50. Santolina chamaecyparissus. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. arcticus 34.Convallaria majalis. 54. Compactus'. marjoram crocus 7. angel's-tears 59. 'Lanuginosus'.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha × piperita.Anemone blanda. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. white 42. sweet 55.Tulipa clusiana. 43. gray 22. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.57. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. lily. American 38. verbena snowflake 19.Digitalis grandiflora. sweet 47.Mertensia virginica. 44.Crocus angustifolius. spearmint 48.Galanthus nivalis.Mentha × piperita var. 2.Allium christophii.Mentha spicata.Borago officinalis. 1. 20.Levisticum officinale. arcticus 30. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. sweet 27.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus speciosus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. lamb's-ears 28.Thymus praecox subsp.Heliotropium arborescens.Teucrium canadense.Ocimum basilicum. 56. lemon 60.Nepeta mussinii. lemon 33.Helleborus niger.Hamamelis virginiana. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Tulipa kaufmanniana. 45.Thymus herba-barona. orange mint 8. 51.Helleborus lividus subsp. rue25. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.

The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The results have been most satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Second. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. First.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Morning sun warms it early. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season.

Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium ampeloprasum. crocus 44. lemon 21. Thymus praecox subsp. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. sweet basil 23. 1. clary thyme 22.Artemisia lactiflora. Artemisia absinthium 24.A. Landscape Architect. leek 46. Ocimum basilicum. Porrum Group. .Salvia officinalis.L. marigold 41.Apium graveolens. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. garden sage 4.Allium neapolitanum. 25.Crocus sieberi. A. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. French tarragon 5. Beauty'. The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe sativa. woolly thyme 3. 'Lambrook Silver'. English thyme 43. Origanum heracleoticum.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. tulip 45.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. wild celery 42.S.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. Thymus × citriodorus.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Tulipa tarda.Salvia sclarea. 26.

Crataegus phaenopyrum. red currant gray santolina 13. clematis 11. pale 49.Dictamnus albus. American marjoram Yellow'.Hyssopus officinalis.Dianthus × allwoodii. pink 30.Nepeta × faassenii. 54. lobelia Sherbert'.Tropaeolum minus. lovage 34. great 31.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Rosmarinus officinalis. 56.Malus hupehensis.Petroselinum crispum var. monkshood upright yew 17. butterfly 47. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. 58.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . sweet 37. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. viola holly 18.Asclepias tuberosa.Ribes sativum. yellow 55.foxglove 7.Aconitum napellus. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Allium schoenoprasum. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Allium senescens var. dogwood 19. Robert verbena Brydon'. blue 38.Lobelia siphilitica. lamb's-ears 52. fraxinella 36. alpine 28.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Origanum majorana.Santolina virens. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. 8. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. lemon 50. curly parsley 20.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Digitalis grandiflora.Ilex opaca.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Ipomoea alba. green 40.Achillea filipendula 60.Cornus florida.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia camphorata. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. 39. white evergreen azalea 16. Lavandula angustifolia. American elderberry 15.Levisticum officinale. 32. bee balm foxglove Choice'. 29.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. weed chive 48.Stachys byzantina. Viola odorata.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. catmint 53.Galium mollugo. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Aloysia triphylla.Clematis 'Mrs.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

A birdbath of copper. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. The four herb beds. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. are raised with bricks on edge. Well-drained as they are. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. even though the growing area is not extensive. repeats again the octagonal form. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . an impression of Sol in it. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 16. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. purple basil 24. 28.Mentha × piperita. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. Artemisia abrotanum. lavender 15.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. curly parsley 32. clary 21.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Salvia sclarea. dill 18.Pelargonium denticulatum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Nepeta mussinii. Galium odoratum.Ruta graveolens. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Santolina 25.Lavandula dentata. white creeping thyme 12.Joan E.Pelargonium graveolens. lamb's-ears 17. sweet woodruff 9. 42.Allium tuberosum. 29. thyme salad burnet 40. spearmint southernwood 5. prostrate rosemary 34. bush basil 23. clove pink 10. 43. 19. purple variegated garden sage 36. lemon 30.Mentha spicata. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. curly mint 3.Marrubium vulgare.Ocimum basilicum.Heliotropium arborescens. rosemary 33.Pelargonium crispum.Pelargonium odoratissimum. English thyme horehound 2. peppermint 4. variegated garden sage 37. lemon 39. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. catmint 6.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. golden variegated garden sage 38.Salvia officinalis. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Petroselinum crispum var. rue 35. gray 'Prince of Orange'. absinthe 20.Lavandula angustifolia. Anethum graveolens. sweet basil 22.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. silver mound artemisia 8.Pelargonium tomentosum.Thymus × citriodorus. Artemisia dracunculus var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia. Stachys byzantina. crispum. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Thymus praecox subsp. French tarragon 7. heliotrope 31.Allium schoenoprasum. Semple. Artemisia absinthium.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. orange santolina geranium 11. sativa. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. French 26. lemon 41. 27.

if neither is available. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. rose. and lantana are a few. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. too. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. a toolhouse. A birdbath may replace the pool. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. < previous page page_52 next page > . this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. rose geranium. lemon verbena. A suitable fence.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

lavender 3.Artemisia absinthium 11. zonal geranium 18. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Chenopodium botrys. verbena ambrosia 4.Pelargonium frutetorum.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum nobile. 7. lemon 10. The number in each planting area is the key number.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. crispum. white creeping thyme 2.Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. rosescented geranium 17.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bush basil 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 20. fern-leaf tansy 8.S.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina chamomile 14. sweet santolina marjoram 6. geranium 16.Santolina virens. 1.Tanacetum vulgare var.Aloysia triphylla. zonal geranium 19.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. 9. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . absinthe 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Albus'.A.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Thymus × citriodorus. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. green 12. heliotrope 21. A. Landscape Architect. woolly thyme 15.L.

artemisias. These can easily obliterate a design. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. As the snows melt. but the design itself has endured forty years. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Angelica. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. apothecary's rose. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. a deep mauve to others. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Box and holly enclose it all. box. the design is clearly traced. mints. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. The dwarf box frames the focal point. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. a sundial.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Lilium candidum. southernwood 2.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. Santolina virens. arcticus 39. green. blue 50.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. skirret 53. Dianthus caryophyllus.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. gray 37. nasturtium 28.Pyrus communis. dwarf edging box 21. white 66. white creeping thyme French'.Artemisia absinthium.Sedum telephium.Galium odoratum.Myrrhis odorata. wild 52.Armeria maritima. florentina.Alchemilla alpina. 58.Helleborus orientalis.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Melissa officinalis.Symphytum officinale. weld 54. winter savory 32.Santolina neapolitana 36. clove pink 29. 65.Arisaema dracontium.Thymus praecox subsp.30. Chamaemelum nobile. Canadian burnet 13. feverfew 14. 26. rue 23. daffodil 17.Sempervivum tectorum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. sweet woodruff45. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Lavandula angustifolia.Syringa.Asarum europaeum. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Iris × germanica var. blue hyssop 42.47. lamb's-ears 33.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp.Stachys byzantina. crimson creeping thyme 18.James D. lilac 70. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Asclepias tuberosa. masterwort 69. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Origanum majorana. leaf geranium French lavender 8. bush basil nettle orpine 4. houseleek Lenten rose 11. thrift 41. 56.Artemisia camphorata. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. chamomile 31. yew Beauty'.Buxus sempervirens. Graham. piney 44.Alchemilla vulgaris. butterfly weed35.Paeonia officinalis. sweet 27. 59.Perillafrutescens. bronze 64. fern-leaf tansy 5. arcticus 38.Isatis tinctoria.Reseda luteola. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. valerian 6.63. Satureja montana. scented. marjoram lungwort crispum.Lavandula dentata. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. germander 43. 62.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Origanum onites. green santolina 24.Astrantia major.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 1.Allium schoenoprasum. Rosmarinus officinalis. Pelargonium in variety. Tropaeolum majus. alpine 60. orris 57.Lamium album. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 67.Vitis.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. dyer's woad 9.Valeriana officinalis. rosemary 25. white dead 49. 55.Monarda fistulosa.Taxus.Pulmonaria officinalis. lady's-mantle 46. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Sium sisarum. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tanacetum vulgare var. absinthe 34. perilla 51.Foeniculum vulgare.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. orris box 22. arcticus 40. grape fennel 19. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. 'Albus'. 48. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Helleborus niger.Teucrium chamaedrys.Helleborus atrorubens 12.

an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. The large. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. pink. However. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. include this one. with buds of red. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. In addition to the brick edging around each. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. If there is room for only one rambler rose. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. but no panacea for the maintenance required. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Rosa 'Albertine'. At the top of the steps. < previous page page_56 next page > . They are small specialty beds. rising from the courtyard.

foxglove 39. Carum carvi. lavender 4.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. 23. tansy Bois'.Borago officinalis. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. subsp.Rheum rhabarbarum.Tanacetum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. rhubarb 2. angelica 20. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus × citriodorus. 22. lemon balm 42. caraway 24. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. Lavandula angustifolia. alpine strawberry 3.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. garden sage 40. 1. bush basil 43.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Angelica archangelica. English thyme .Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. winter savory 41.Satureja montana.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.

Artemisia dracunculus 44. 31. Thymus 'Argenteus'. Irish-lace 48. bourbon rose 10. prostrate rosemary 16.Chrysanthemum. curly parsley 26. 49.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.'Baronne Prevost'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. muscosa 15.R. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. pot 50.R.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. clove pink Mammoth'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha × piperita var.Chrysanthemum balsamita. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Lavandula dentata. lemon 51.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. sweet 37.R. centifolia var. geranium in 30. thyme frutescens. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Satureja hortensis.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. 36. rose 28. citrata.Tagetes filifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Chrysanthemum 46. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.R.Salvia elegans.Allium schoenoprasum.R.Origanum majorana. pineapple34.Chenopodium 55. salad 7. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. silver 27. cheddar pink 53. 56. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Dianthus Victoria'. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 35.Marrubium vulgare.Petroselinum crispum var.Poterium sanguisorba. centifolia 'Cristata'. marguerite chive 9.Laurus nobilis.R. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. centifolia.R.6. Mexican tea 18. 54.Anethum graveolens 47. blue hyssop 25. 45. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.sativa. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.'Albertine'. Hyssopus officinalis. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. French'. var. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Teucrium chamaedrys.Calendula officinalis.Pelargonium.R. musk rose 12. Consolida ambigua. French 33.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Aloysia triphylla. 29.

Beautifully precise and symmetrical. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Laid in an unusual pattern. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Balance is augmented. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. as it should be. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. < previous page page_58 next page > . Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. too. It is near the house. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

19. double white peony 5. English'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Ocimum basilicum. dwarf edging box 8. 23. chive lemon verbena 6. 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Heliotropium arborescens. 24. rosemary yellow viola 10. gray 15.Satureja hortensis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.L. 17.Allium schoenoprasum. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Myosotis sylvatica.Salvia officinalis. lavender 2. 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. white creeping thyme 4. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English thyme signet marigold 11. green 22.Santolina virens. Landscape Architect. dill 9.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. sweet basil 14.Anethum graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Aloysia triphylla.A. santolina moss rose 7.Poterium sanguisorba. blue hyssop 13. 1.S.Origanum majorana. arcticus 'Albus'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 16. heliotrope 3.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. Rosmarinus officinalis. A.

well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. < previous page page_60 next page > . The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. Herbs. The pattern is symmetrically geometric.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. potted lemon verbena. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. the fence with roses. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The grape vines. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and the grape arbor. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. too. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. winter pruned. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. and a comfortable.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Valeriana officinalis. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Aloysia triphylla. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. purple variegated garden sage 4. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica.Amsonia tabernaemontana. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Nepeta mussinii. marsh climbing rose. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. three. Teucrium chamaedrys. Althaea officinalis. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. BED II germander BED IV 2.Connecticut Vera Breed. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. lemon Linum perenne. Galium odoratum. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. sweet climbing rose. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. 3. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Stachys byzantina. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Iris cristata. lovage Myrrhis odorata. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. conical yew rosemary 1. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis.

marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. plume Baptisia australis. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. tuberosa 6. lemon Anemone hybrida. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Chamaemelum nobile. Thymus × citriodorus. catmint 5. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 9. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. creeping thyme in variety 8. beach Marrubium vulgare. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Sempervivum. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. lavender 10.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. fairy rose Giant'. Rosmarinus officinalis. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Delphinium × belladonna. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. houseleek in variety 7.

and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. grew too large. Herbs. holly. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. tend to broaden the width of the garden. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. silver. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Ivy. if desired. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. blue green. Either it flourished too well. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . its detail is shown below.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. planted in bands across these beds. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. and bright green in the herb beds. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. magnolia. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Another angle could be tried with these. myrtle. Later. this was replaced with ''edging" box. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Rumex scutatus.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Galium odoratum.19. purple basil savory 35. French thyme 39. gray santolina 15.Buxus sempervirens 14.Magnolia grandiflora.Laurus nobilis. dwarf 21. woolly thyme 8. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. lemon 29.Pelargonium graveolens. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Vinca minor.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium fragrans. rue 20.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet woodruff 36. dwarf edging box 11. thyme 38.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus praecox subsp.Ilex opaca. caraway thyme 40.Satureja montana.Artemisia dracunculus var. purple garden sage 7.Teucrium chamaedrys.Marrubium vulgare. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Myrica pensylvanica.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus herba-barona. bayberry balm thyme 13. lamb's. bay rosemary 12.Hedera helix.Tanacetum vulgare. horehound germander 17. English'. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. Ruta graveolens. English ivy burnet 10. Tropaeolum minus. myrtle 47. spearmint 42. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. 1. 49. box chamaecyparissus. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . arcticus 'Albus'. 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. Stachys byzantina.Rosmarinus officinalis. Borago officinalis. borage 26.Lavandula angustifolia. 6. silver-king artemisia 23. English thyme chamomile 2.Origanum majorana. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. sweet 34.Artemisia ludoviciana var. white creeping thyme 41. tansy 45.Artemisia abrotanum. salad 43. winter 'Purpurascens'. American holly 31. lemon 46.Mentha spicata. 'Minimum'. Ocimum basilicum 24. ears rose geranium 3. Ocimum basilicum 22.Monarda didyma. 25.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. 44.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium × nervosum. bee balm30.Thymus doerfleri. bush basil albula. thyme 37.Mentha suaveolens. lovage 48.Thymus carnosus. lime geranium 4. French 27. 33.

as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. brick. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and treessome of which are espaliered. < previous page page_64 next page > . Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. standards. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. There is variety in the walks. accent this prime focal point even more. The four potted bay. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. adding to the space for walking. Laurus nobilis.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. too. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. The use of flagstone. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. It is located for the best viewing. It is a large garden. maypoles. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. potted shrubs. too.

P.53.Nigella damascena. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chenopodium botrys. Johnny-jump.P. fragrans. pot 52. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.quercifolium. musty oakscented geranium 5. 51. 1. 25.odoratissimum. love-in.P.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lemon 29.50.P. 49. Satureja montana. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. wild 28. Thymus × citriodorus.acerifolium.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.Calendula officinalis. apple English thyme up geranium 3. winter 27.Viola tricolor.P. 26. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.

Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. glutinosum. 57. lemon-rose geranium 22. pheasant's. arcticus43.Thymus serpyllum. golden lemon thyme 7. lettuce 39. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.72. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. 44. lemon 65. parsley 35. crispum 'Minor'. fern-leaf 60. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. radens. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. pine crispum. box 19.Levisticum officinale. 61. classic 21.P.Origanum dictamnus. 71.Artemisia abrotanum.P.Salvia officinalis. lettuce 40.Malus. garden sage 54. bay 20.P. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Laurus nobilis.Marrubium vulgare. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. radens 'Dr.P.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. chamomile 8. lemon 47. graveolens. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.P.Origanum majorana. strawberry 48. dill 36.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var. rosemary 9.Acorus calamus.P.Allium senescens var. crispum. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Livingston'.P. salad 42. wild thyme 31.Poterium sanguisorba.Anethum graveolens. tomentosum. French tarragon Rose'. lemon geranium 56.Tanacetum vulgare var.P. lemon geranium 33.Monarda didyma. 64.P. denticulatum 11. horehound 46. 62.Salvia caerulea. camphor-scented geranium 69.Achilleafilipendula.P. bronze 38. sweet flag 16.× nervosum.P.Pelargonium crispum.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. denticulatum.Mentha pulegium.Melissa officinalis. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. English lavender 32.Fragaria vesca. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 10.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. orange geranium 23. fern-leaf 'Nana'. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Mentha. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Petroselinum crispum.Malus angustifolia. Hyssopus officinalis. cherry tomato chive 17.Allium schoenoprasum. lime geranium 55.Lavandula angustifolia. 58.P.Viola odorata.6. rose geranium66. forsythia 'Albus'.Poncirus trifoliata. Chamaemelum nobile. white creeping thyme geranium 68. lemon southernwood geranium 34. lemon balm 45. crowfoot 70. bee balm 63. peppermint 67.Thymus praecox subsp.Forsythia. 41.Myrtus communis.Aloysia triphylla. sweet 37.

The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. The result is one of sculptured elegance. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. and Allium karataviense. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. In keeping with this feeling. too. < previous page page_66 next page > . It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. This is a large garden by any standard. green santolina. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Levisticum officinale. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Foeniculum vulgare. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Liriope muscari. 15.Hyssopus officinalis.Florence B.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 18. chive 4. 1. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . big blue lilyturf 12. winter savory 9.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 8. fringed 7. gray 10. blue hyssop 16. Mentha suaveolens. Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium moly.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. dwarf garden 17. Baker.Satureja montana. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 11.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium sativa.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis.Allium christophii. apple mint 13.Artemisia frigida. green santolina 14. arcticus. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Santolina virens. wormwood fennel 2.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. and the front porch of the house. < previous page page_70 next page > . for the box after new spring growth. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Many herb gardens could provide this. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. the circle. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the square. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the upper deck.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

Satureja montana. dwarf edging box 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. dwarf myrtle 6. winter savory 4. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Cupressus sempervirens. 1. chamomile 2.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. Italian cypress 9.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. lavender 5.The number in each planting area is the key number.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Cedrus deodara. lemon 8. viola 3.Chamaemelum nobile.

1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Paths are gravel. as it was with this plan. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Coin with Tudor rose design.. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. from Peter Coats. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Roses. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

earth 24.Ruta graveolens. pot marigold 15.Buxus sempervirens. sweet marjoram 3. Hyssopus officinalis. Eryngium maritimum. wild thyme 5.Aconitum napellus. Madonna 23. fennel 21. lettuce 28. Foeniculum vulgare.Petroselinum crispum. salad burnet 10.Mentha spicata. clove20. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Viola odorata.Lavandula angustifolia. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Mentha × piperita.Viola tricolor. winter 32.Calendula officinalis.Iris pseudacorus. 1.Crocus sativus. blue hyssop 2.Melissa officinalis.Primula elatior. saffron lily crocus 12. yellow flag 26. caraway 35.Satureja montana. Origanum majorana. Malva sylvestris. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. Thymus serpyllum. parsley 29.Myrtus communis. classic myrtle 18. 25. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. lemon balm 31. absinthe peppermint 8. 22. oxlip 17. 34.Primula vulgaris. sweet violet 6.Bellis perennis. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . mallow 13.Lilium candidum. 19. rue 33. English daisy 36. monkshood27. Chamaemelum nobile.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis.Fragaria vesca. rosemary 16.Lactuca sativa. Dianthus caryophyllus.Poterium sanguisorba. spearmint 30.Carum carvi.Crithmum maritimum. chamomile 4.Fumaria officinalis.Anemone pulsatilla.

< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. Selected for this reason. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination." Concrete blocks. its tufted. white. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. However. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white blooms and woolly. but Always Love. along with a measure of fragrance. plumed. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . a moondial rather than a sundial is used. most of the blooms are nightscented. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. spurred. silver mound. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours.

sweet 31. horehound 2. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. silver mound artemisia 3. 1. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Marrubiam vulgare. pink 15. lamb's. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. petunia 30. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Galanthus nivalis. silver 16. 'Albus'.Galium odoratum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Stachys byzantina.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Lilium candidum. 17.Dictamnus albus. white .19.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. white 32. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.

albula. white 27.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Viola odorata. 23.Artemisia stellerana.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. rose 40. dame's honesty rocket 14. 25. white stock absinthe 10.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Convallaria majalis. clary 24. Adam's.Polianthes tuberosa. rose 41. orris 8.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. tulip 38.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Ipomoea alba.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. beach mugwort wormwood 9. tuberose 36.Artemisia ludoviciana.Iris × germanica var. moonflower 39. Artemisia lactiflora. Yucca filamentosa. sweet violet 20. needle florentina. 28. Artemisia absinthium.Matthiola incana.Malus 'Guiding Star'.21. lily-ofthe-valley 11. daffodil 35.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Salvia sclarea. white 22.Hesperis matronalis. lavender 12. tulip 37. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Rosa 'Cinderella'.6.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. western mugwort 7.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. 26.Lunaria annua.

This herb garden. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. too. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. related to an old mill reconstruction. Rather. required their use as an educational adjunct. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. < previous page page_76 next page > .< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Many of these herbs lack the hues. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. textures. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Chelidonium majus.Hypericum perforatum.Dipsacus sativus. privet marigold 15.Morus rubra or alba.Rumex acetosa.Crocus sativus.Filipendula ulmaria. St.Rumex obtusifolius. 47. woad Susan laevifolium. Abutilon theophrasti. 20. French 33. garden 56. dyer's broom safflower 6. 29. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. Manila 25.Prunus persica. lily.Galium verum. 32.Genista germanica.Urtica dioica. 35. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Monarda didyma.Coreopsis tinctoria.Carthamus tinctorius. peach bracken sorrel 19.Rubia tinctorum. 28.Furcraea hexapetala. Hibiscus cannabinus. Boehmeria nivea.Reseda luteola. broad 42.Parmelia conspersa. sweet 49. 39. Sansevieria trifasciata. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. yellow 55. ramie 24.Indigofera tinctoria.Hydrastis canadensis. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. onion China jute 4.. African 45. Musa textilis.38. Agave fourcroydes.Pteridium aquilinum. 26. black-eyed 50. dyer's 31. blueberry 13. 48. Gossypium hirsutum.Solidago species. flax 21. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. goldthread 41. sisal 27.Mahonia aquifolium.Isatis tinctoria. queen. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . golden 40.Berberis vulgaris.Sanguinaria canadensis.Viburnum acerifolium.46. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. fuller's 30.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 23. alkanet 52. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Galium odoratum. madder 54.Anchusa officinalis. 43. 34. Agave sisalana.Cladrastis lutea.Phytolacca americana.Cotinus coggygria. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. saffron crocus marguerite 3. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. 53.Allium cepa.Genista tinctoria.Rhus typhina.Rudbeckia hirta.Agrimonia eupatoria. weld 57. stinging nettle44.Tagetes erecta. 37.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. bee 36.Ligustrum vulgare. sumac poke 17. 22.Tagetes patula. Linum usitatissimum.Coptis trifolia.51. barberry teasel woodruff 12. Scotch broom hemp 7.Cytisus scoparius.Anthemis tinctoria.Convallaria majalis. 1.

Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. < previous page page_78 next page > . Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. Elsewhere. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. A totally appealing edging. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. as well as the roses. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 18. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 1. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. cl. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 22. 'American Pillar'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Mignonette' 5.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Sombreuil'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Mme. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. rambler 20. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 23. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 25. 24. Alfred de Rougemont'. cl. cl. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Empress Josephine' 7. rambler 19. Legras de St. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Seven Sisters'. 'White Rose of York' 3. cl. cl. 'Queen of the Prairies'.

this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. Circles and angles provide interest. The notch of four square feet. < previous page page_80 next page > . This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.A. 24. dulce 47. celery Group. annuum 'Black Prince'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .Apium graveolens var. 39. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. graveolens var. C. celery Bed 9. ruby swiss chard var. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. graveolens 'French Dinant'.C. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. oleracea 'Prima'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.B. melongena 1. Beauty'. sprouts celery 8.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. giant garlic var.S. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.A. Capsicum annuum var. C. red 38. 27. garlic chive 44.B. cepa Proliferum Group. chive 42.L. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. 45.C. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.A. white-flowered kale 49. celery I 31. 22.annuum 'Floral Gem'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. leek 5.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.A.A. schoenoprasum. dulce 50. annuum 'Nosegay'. 30. pear Purple Vienna'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. tuberosum. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. annuum 'Mosaic'. lycopersicum var. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.C.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. C.B.B. C.B. graveolens var. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. C.C. melongena 2. 25. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. kohlrabi Rock'. cherry tomato 34. dulce 'Utah 5270'. shallot Lakes'.Cichorium intybus. 28.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. annuum 'Pinocchio'.B. oleracea 'Green Parade'.S. annuum 'Teno'. annuum 'Fips'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. red-flowered kale 6. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.A. annuum 'Variegata'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. scorodoprasum. C. annuum 'Red Boy'.A. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.B.L. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.C. red 37.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. annuum 'Golden Bell'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. 26.B.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens var.A. crispum 'Banquet'.B.B.A. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. oleracea 'Red Acre'. eggplant 43. 48. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. Petroselinum crispum var.sativa 'Ruby'.B. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 29. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.esculentum 'Long Black'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. curly eggplant parsley 23. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. C. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.Solanum melongena var.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. 40. 32. Boerner.C.

winter savory. arcs. All of the circles. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. for each is a complete entity. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. and golden thyme. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. When viewed from the terrace above. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > .

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

P. winter 13. 1. golden 11. pungent-scented geranium 25. × domesticum 6. peppermint 26. maple-leaved 18.P. Teucrium chamaedrys.P.' lemon geranium 23.P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P.P. tomentosum.P. Santolina virens. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. orange geranium 8.A. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Marshall. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P.Melissa R.P. radens 'Dr.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. Assoc.P. Livingston'. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. 19. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. 12. lemon geranium 22. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. graveolens. Santolina chamaecyparissus. apple gray santolina geranium 3. P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. inkberry geranium 9. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. P.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . grossularioides.P. P.L.P.P. The number in each planting area is the key number.Myrica pensylvanica. A. 15. lime geranium Rose'.P.× nervosum. crispum. crispum 'French Lace. acerifolium. Satureja montana. odoratissimum. apricot geranium28. rose geranium 27. green 14. Landscape Architect.Ilex glabra.P. 17. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. scabrum. gooseberry geranium 24. × nervosum 'Torento'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. oak-leaved geranium 16.S.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. germander crowfoot geranium 21..P.P. 29. rose-scented geranium 4.

1. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. such as a dwarf edging box.Santolina virens. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. texture. closed knot design. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. English lavender 2. Its interspaces can be mulched.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. Maintenance is high for a knot. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. . sand. and growth to the plants of the knot design. was planted using edging box only. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Lavandula angustifolia. especially when it is blooming. blue hyssop 3. or marble chips. filled with plants that have contrasting color. For the knot to look its best at all times.Hyssopus officinalis. on page 37. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. which is framed with a brick edging. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. To ease the care for a more complicated design.

Thymus praecox subsp. green santolina 2. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf edging box 4. gray santolina 3. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina virens.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.

Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. 'Munstead'.Thymus praecox subsp.T. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. the height of the edging. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.officinalis 'Tricolor'. fig 4. white 7. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. arcticus 'Albus'. variegated garden sage . 1. arcticus 'Coccineus'.T. 8. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. which are confined to that area. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. In another departure from the usual. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.S. purple variegated 11. caraway thyme 9. Rosmarinus officinalis. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. Teucrium chamaedrys. creeping thymes. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. Some maintenance is required for clipping. rosemary creeping thyme 2.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. praecox subsp. The knot material is maintained at six inches. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. which is found more often out in the open. herba-barona. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.

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Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender . American germander 3. gray santolina 2. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Teucrium canadense. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.

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< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably. germander .

Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. < previous page page_88 next page > . each one a quarter-circle. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. which are also laid on edge. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. adding another facet to an appealing design. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. pleasing color. a complement for the colors of the plant material. again laid on edge. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

golden marguerite 25.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Salvia argentea.Marrubium incanum. lavender 9. rue 21.Anthemis tinctoria.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium senescens var. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. silver sage 15.Stachys byzantina. blue sage 13. lavender 8. 16.Santolina neapolitana 10. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis marschalliana. lavender 5. dwarf gray santolina 20.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. woolly yarrow 23.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Salvia clevelandii. angustifolia 'Rosea'. 17.Helichrysum angustifolium. Russian sage 24. dwarf 12. French lavender 3.Dianthus × caryophyllus. fern-leaf yarrow 27. tree artemisia 26.Leontopodium alpinum. candicans.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Perovskia atriplicifolia. 18. silver horehound 19.Artemisia frigida.Artemisia arborescens.Teucrium fruticans. gray santolina 2. samphire14. silver thyme 6.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. curry plant 7. glaucum 11.Crithmum maritimum. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. tree germander 22.Lavandula dentata var. 1. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Thymus 'Argenteus'.The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .

Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. are without number. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. lady's-mantle. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. The color of the container plays a lesser role. sweet marjoram. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. basil. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. If one is familiar with herbs. As with other plant material. which include hanging baskets. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. oregano. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. and the savories. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Styles of containers. Some are rosemary. thyme. < previous page page_90 next page > . Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern.

It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > .< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance.

visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > .

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. < previous page page_95 next page > . Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.S.A. A. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. However. LandscapeArchitect. If children's interest is not sustained. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Of course supervision is necessary.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children.L. such an outlay would be unwarranted.

Just keep a garden design for children simple. A sundial can be fun and also educational. they are easily handpicked. Children in this age group can help with the construction. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area." selected for their greater fragrance. < previous page page_96 next page > . too. These are ''old roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Instead of benches on the patio. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two.

.A. A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S.L. Landscape Architect.

Artemisia abrotanum. pot marigold 8. Levisticum officinale.Chenopodium botrys.Allium sativum var. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Italian parsley 23.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Salvia officinalis. lovage 12.Artemisia camphorata. love-in-a-mist 14.rocambole 28. 16. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. ophioscorodon. southernwood 5.Anethum graveolens. dwarf 6.Rosa gallica. crispum.Lavandula angustifolia. Borago officinalis.Satureja hortensis.Calendula officinalis. dill pennyroyal 11. catnip 27.Allium senescens var. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. summer savory 22.Salvia sclarea. Nigella damascena.Petroselinum crispum var. English lavender 7.Tropaeolum minus.Allium tuberosum. Dianthus plumarius. ambrosia 2. 1. horehound 26. clary 25.Nepeta cataria. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. 20. borage 15. garden sage 24. lily leek 30.Allium moly. Petroselinum crispum var. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. English lavender 4.Marrubium vulgare. damask rose 32. cottage pink 18. alpine strawberry 3. American 21.Isatis tinctoria. 19. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Hedeoma pulegioides. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . Lavandula angustifolia subsp. garlic chive 29.Rosa damascena.Origanum majorana.The number in each planting area is the key number. neapolitanum. glaucum 31. 13.

are a seal and a turtle. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The sculptures. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. not noted on the plan. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. previously used as a skating rink. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. The oval. < previous page page_98 next page > . making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. All are inviting to the touch. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds.

Landscape Architect.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R. .A.A. F.

lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. fat-hen Primula veris. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. Allium schoenoprasum. bee orchid Erigeron. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. chamomile Mentha. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. bee balm Satureja montana. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. English Tussilago farfara. marigold Salvia officinalis. borage Tanacetum vulgare. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . chive dandelion Allium sativum. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. Foeniculum vulgare. mint Galium odoratum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. fleabane Stellaria. lousewort Viola canina. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. tansy Monarda didyma. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. mint Tagetes. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum.Hedeoma pulegioides. coltsfoot Mimulus. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. Nepeta cataria. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. dog violet Lemna. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. cowslip Linaria. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. winter savory Mentha. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. Greek Stachys byzantina. duckweed Antennaria. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. Trifolium pratense.

feverfew. Instead. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Its plant list. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. it is a most satisfying growing situation. developed particularly for study. Still. A number of wooden window frames. an exceedingly long one. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. for an old barn foundation of stone. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. a mint. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. and old barn beams another about the same height. Here. its wooden structure long gone. < previous page page_101 next page > . are superb for displaying potted herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. Their height eases the task of weeding.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

T 'Argenteus'. 45.A. 42. sweet 41. crispum.Alchemilla vulgaris. camphorata.Poterium sanguisorba.T. rose sativa. golden lemon thyme 99.Lychnis coronaria.Sempervivum tectorum. officinalis 'Purpurea'. mosquito plant 19.Hypericum perforatum.A. woolly thyme 101.Calamintha grandiflora. pink 58.Rosmarinus officinalis. didyma 'Rosea'. betony 92.Echium vulgare.Stachys grandifora 93. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Veronica serpyllifolia.T. odoratissimum. richardii subsp.49.Marrubium vulgare.Genista tinctoria.Plantago major. basilicum 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. praecox subsp.Viola tricolor. 50.Galium odoratum.Althaea officinalis. crimson creeping thyme 96. garden sage 84.Hyssopus officinalis.P. 61.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon 52. tomentosum.O. arcticus 'Albus'. herba-barona. 1. golden marjoram 26. absinthium. foxglove 2.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. nitidus. Roman 46.Sium sisarum. yarrow herb Robert 4.Asarum canadense.Ruta graveolens. lesser 67.Chrysanthemum balsamita.T.Aloysia triphylla. southernwood ground cherry 10.Achillea millefolium. onites. purple variegated garden sage 85. southernwood houseleek 12.Campanula persicifolia.T. arcticus 'Coccineus'. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Campanula rapunculus.A. 48.Angelica archangelica.Agastache foeniculum. abrotanum.S. 54. × citriodorus. beach 47. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Chelidonium majus.Nepeta mussinii. 55. 'Clear Gold'.Levisticum officinale. apple wormwood geranium 8. basilicum 56. wormwood germander 9. St. 66.O.Rubia tinctorum. French tarragon geranium 7. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Stachys officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 95. calamint valerian 24. silver thyme 105. 43.O. pallasianus. pot marigold 25.Euphorbia cyparissias. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. marsh mallow 13. rosemary 82. rose costmary campion 23.A. golden variegated garden sage 86. celandine madder 79.Agastache cana. foxglove cypress spurge 21. lemon thyme 100. rampion 81. balm horehound 14. 64. alpine savory 89. lemon verbena 106. rue 83.Melissa officinalis. white creeping thyme 97.Digitalis purpurea.T. golden thyme 98.Physalis heterophylla. officinalis 'Tricolor'. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Monarda didyma.Ranunculus ficaria. 60. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Pulmonaria officinalis. absinthe 51.Artemisia dracunculus var.Valeriana officinalis. plantain 80.T.Tanacetum vulgare var. bee balm lovage 20. variegated garden sage 87. 62.Geranium robertianum.T.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. graveolens.Viola odorata. stellerana.Ocimum basilicum. winter savory 88.A.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus praecox subsp.P. camphor.O.S.Salvia officinalis. catmint 63.O. Grecian 59. odorous thyme 104. 'Purpurascens'. angelica lemon geranium 5.S.-John'swort 91.Satureja montana.Digitalis lanata. sweet violet 40.A. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. sweet cicely 94. purple basil English lavender 18. viper's 65.M.Pelargonium crispum. majorana. bee balm57. sweet celandine marjoram 28.P. sweet 53.T. caraway thyme 103.Acinos alpinus.Teucrium chamaedrys. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. basil blue hyssop 15. praecox subsp. wild lemon basil ginger 16. officinalis 'Aurea'. pontica. 44. skirret 90.Calendula officinalis. thyme 102. creeping veronica .

bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Allium sativum.Chamaemelum nobile. spearmint 107. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Veronica officinalis. blattaria. pin cherry 39. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. spicata.Symphytum officinale.Yucca filamentosa.M. pineapple mint 31. moth 113. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Chrysanthemum 78. evening 77. apple mint 69. 71.Chrysanthemum 74. tree onion 112.Oenothera biennis. curry plant mullein 35. yucca 109. feverfew cinerariifolium. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Cichorium intybus.Anthriscus cerefolium. garlic 111. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .M. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Primula veris. 114. chicory 70.Prunus pensylvanica.Origanum dictamnus. oxeye daisy mullein 36. veronica 108.M. citrata.29.Dianthus plumarius 75.A.Lilium candidum. red mint comfrey 33. orange mint 32. cowslip 72.M. × gentilis.V.Helichrysum angustifolium. ostrowskianum 34.Verbascum thapsus. chervil 68.Origanum vulgare.Chrysanthemum parthenium. dyer's woad 110.Lysimachia vulgaris.Atriplex hortensis. chamomile 30.Mentha suaveolens. 73.cepa.Laurus nobilis.Isatis tinctoria.A. wild 116.Myrtus communis. × piperita var. orach115. Proliferum Group. 76.

there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. Francis. not just hiding it. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. < previous page page_104 next page > . A statue of St. its outline constructed of brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. A wheelshaped bed. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. of good proportion for the size of the opening. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. but not obvious. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. AREA VI japonica. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. sea orach Verbascum olympicum.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. only those not found on other lists are noted here. labdanum Cistus crispus. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. menthifolia. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. cat Watsonia rosea. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Eriobotrya japonica. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. lion's-ear prismaticum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Cestrum nocturnum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Vetiveria zizanioides. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. white Justicia carnea. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. Sidney Ephedra viridis. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA IV Ixia maculata. loquat Cichorium intybus. potato Brassica eruca. poet's Solidago californica. Eleocharis dulcis.

The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. emphasizes the circle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. to name a few. < previous page page_106 next page > . another a Mary garden. and a third a culinary garden. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. is a center of interest. an "old rose" and fragrant. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. One is a garden of legends. but also for proper leaf size. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. scented-leaf geraniums. The exterior brick path. or potpourri. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. not only for hardiness where needed. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

sweet marjoram basil 12. chamomile 3. chive bedstraw 16. saffron crocus marigold 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet 21. spearmint 22. blue 18. absinthe 4. costmary 6.The number in each planting area is the key number. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Viola tricolor.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum majorana. English ivy rosemary 8.Salvia officinalis. 27.Alchemilla vulgaris.Ornithogalum umbellatum. rue 28. Angelica archangelica. dill 11.Ruta graveolens. black 23.Lamium album.Narcissus mustard 14. Hyssopus officinalis.Crocus sativus. Chamaemelum nobile.20.Calendula officinalis.Mentha spicata. garden up sage 10. Anethum graveolens. Chrysanthemum balsamita. 1.Allium schoenoprasum.Brassica nigra.19. white dead 24. yellow 25. lady's. pyrethrum 5.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. Johnny-jump. Linum usitatissimum. hyssop rose 9. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Hedera helix. Artemisia absinthium.Santolina chamaecyparissus. English thyme 13. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Rosmarinus officinalis. angelica 2. pot 26. flax 17.Galium verum.

this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. < previous page page_108 next page > . On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest.

rue Malva alcea var. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. thyme Cnicus benedictus. perennial flax Galium odoratum. spearmint Mentha × piperita. clove Marrubium vulgare. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. Cotinus coggygria. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. lemon balm Mentha spicata. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. Artemisia absinthium. beach Monarda didyma. fastigiata. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. Myrrhis odorata. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. sweet Myrtus communis. blue Lamium maculatum. bay Echeveria × imbricata. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . peppermint Laurus nobilis. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. Russian 'Prostratus'.

old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. This is a general rule observed. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. and huge. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. simply on a smaller scale. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. too. features a closed knot of superior design. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. Appropriately used as accents. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. Viewed from the terrace garden. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. millstones. < previous page page_110 next page > . The generous use of edgings.

six feet in diameter. Design plan of herb garden 1. gray santolina 7.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Landscape Architect. A. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.L. cheddar pink 4.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. The number in each planting area is the key number. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. germander 2. of greater size than is commonly found. Routine clipping is required. green santolina 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop 3. 'Tiny Rubies'.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Santolina virens. lavender 5.Teucrium chamaedrys.S. dwarf box . and the mulch. that of good proportion.A. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.

Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. dogwood Pinus nigra. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. black haw Prunus americana. plum Prunus maritima. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. quince Magnolia virginiana. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. box Calycanthus fioridus. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. shadbush Salix caprea. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. japonica. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. box Myrica pensylvanica. beach plum Corylus avellana. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. honey locust Cornus florida. goat willow Sassafras albidum.

caraway thyme T. Rosmarinus. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. As a rule. 'Argenteus'. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. Salvia.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. leucotrichus T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Doone Valley' . praecox subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. its plant material varied. and a miscellany of others. herba-barona. Currently. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. praecox subsp. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. doerfleri T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. 'Annie Hall' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. arcticus T. silver thyme T. Lavandula. However.

anise sage S. autumn sage S. ramie . false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. crimson creeping thyme T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. praecox subsp. purple variegated garden sage S. arcticus 'Coccineus'. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. angustifolia subsp. heterophylla. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.T. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. English lavender L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. angustifolia subsp. golden variegated sage S. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. involucrata. guaranitica. greggii. praecox subsp. Mexican bush sage S. leucantha. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. 'Clear Gold'. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustissimus. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. sweet lavender L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. golden rosemary R. dentata. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Prostratus'. golden thyme T. blue sage S.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Smith. Sium sisarum. Primarily.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. balmony. The house. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. rupturewort. obedient plant. The apple trees. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. horsetail. Cheloneglabra. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. used in salads or boiled. Hesperis matronalis. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Herniaria glabra. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. culinary. to lure bees. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . to sweeten the air. which were located between the water supply. Prunella vulgaris. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Physostegia virginiana. Circumstances determined these priorities. a well beside the house. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. L. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Equisetum arvense. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. constructed of brick made on the property. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. for scrubbing pots. family needsmedicinal.

Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. too. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. for a few are in use now. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Today. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. too. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. while functional. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. < previous page page_116 next page > .

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Pinus taeda. Cape jasmine 10. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Banksia rose 14. 15. yellow 12. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Prunus angustifolia.Wisteria frutescens.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. bay 7. pomegranate 3.Lagerstroemia indica. trumpet 11. garlic 9.Rosmarinus officinalis. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. 1.Syringa × persica var. Gardenia jasminoides.Laurus nobilis. 16. southern laciniata. wisteria 13.Rosa banksiae.Punica granatum.Ficus carica. fig 6.Lonicera flava.Malus angustifolia.Allium sativum.Lonicera sempervirens. rosemary 2.Sambucus canadensis. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .

The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Italy. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The effect would be quite different without them. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. too. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. < previous page page_118 next page > . They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Appropriately. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Punica granatum.Digitalis purpurea.Chamaemelum nobile.Nepeta cataria. 50.Verbascum thapsus. 42. great 47.Ruta graveolens. yellow-root 7.Gaultheria procumbens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet flag marigold 24. wild ginger69.Tanacetum vulgare. fennel 40.Lindera benzoin. pot 48. tansy 65.Ilex opaca. 66. 45.Sassafras albidum. horsemint lobelia 23. lemon 26.Buxus sempervirens.Lavandula angustifolia.Lonicera sempervirens. American holly 16. mullein 49. senna woodruff 15. rue 56. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Pulmonaria officinalis. dill 39.Cimicifuga racemosa. borage 31. box chamomile 9.Foeniculum vulgare. basil chive 3.Hamamelis virginiana. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. 70. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . hyssop sassafras 20. 68. garden sage 59.Salvia officinalis. 60. spearmint 62.Pinckneya pubens. St.Mentha × piperita.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Ilex vomitoria. 55.Artemisia abrotanum. 33. bee balm 28.Marrubium vulgare.57.Dianthus caryophyllus.Armoracia rusticana.Galium odoratum.Anethum graveolens. saffron crocus 25. 38.Allium schoenoprasum. catnip 34. 54. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Eupatorium perfoliatum. 37.Vinca minor.Asarum virginicum. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lilium candidum.Rosa laevigata.Acorus calamus. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. sativa.Cassia marilandica. white periwinkle spicebush 13. balm autumn crocus 2. agrimony 58. bay lavender wintergreen 21. butterfly 32. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Hypericum perforatum.Colchicum autumnale.Paeonia officinalis. sweet shrub 10.Dipsacus sativus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Elizabeth Lawrence. 63.Asclepias tuberosa.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Borago officinalis. foxglove 41.Ocimum basilicum. myrtle 53.Mentha spicata.Crocus sativus. blue 44. gray santolina witch hazel 11. lovage 35.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. peppermint 52.Calycanthus fioridus.Melissa officinalis. sweet 64. blue 46.Symphytum officinale.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chimaphila umbellata.Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha pulegium. peony 51. dogwood horehound 18.Cornus florida.Populus balsamifera. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. yarrow lungwort 22.Laurus nobilis. fuller's teasel 67.Agrimonia eupatoria.Monarda punctata.Teucrium chamaedrys.Monarda didyma. 43.Levisticum officinale.Lobelia siphilitica.Rubus allegheniensis. clove 36. 30. sweet 27.Achillea millefolium. black 29. 1. 61.Calendula officinalis.

In any event.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. < previous page page_120 next page > . Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. preventives. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. 1 T. This is true for the remedies. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. and fragrances they developed. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening.

absinthe 9. catnip 16. sweet basil 13. English thyme rosemary 7.Mentha × piperita. lavender lovage 3.Pyrus communis. foxglove 12. peppermint 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. horehound 15. caraway 19.Viburnum prunifolium.Nepeta cataria. opium poppy 5. sweet marjoram 6.Hyssopus officinalis. Calendula officinalis. blue hyssop 21. English 10.Papaver somniferum. spearmint 17.Origanum majorana.Tanacetum vulgare.Digitalis purpurea. horsemint 20. apothecary's rose 22.Satureja montana. tansy 11.Carum carvi.Levisticum officinale. black haw 23.Ocimum basilicum. garden sage 8.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. quince 24. 14. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Cydonia oblonga.Monarda punctata.Mentha spicata. pot marigold 2.Salvia officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. winter savory 4.Marrubium vulgare. 1.

and if the best has not always survived. Shaded by hop vines. Allowed such freedom of expression. < previous page page_122 next page > . a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. to study it. Thus it was for this garden. from early Moravian settlements. makes it something of a focal point. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. The beds are used to achieve balance. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. for example the large square bed with circular path. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. one dated 1759. Some could be used singly. centrally located. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. and bricks raise the beds. often it is reconstructed. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. the other 1761. The main paths of brick unify the garden.

Landscape Architect.A.S.L. A. Campbell. .< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.

Rosa moschata. sweet 55. eglantine Group. red pepper 20. mugwort67. hyssop maypop 42. asparagus 31. horehound 56.Gelsemium sempervirens.Armoracia rusticana.Vitis.Borago officinalis.Petroselinum crispum. grape larkspur 41.Rosa damascena. basil moss rose 44. garden sage 15.Crocus sativus.Nigella sativa. French rose 18. damask coriander rose 19.Rumex acetosa. cockscomb 47.Nepeta cataria.Rosmarinus officinalis. spearmint 57. 81.Silybum marianum. 1. elecampane 11.Rosa gallica.Foeniculum vulgare.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Artemisia vulgaris. orach 76. rue 14.Levisticum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum.Hydrangea quercifolia. tansy 6. autumn crocus 34. columbine 29. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . redbud 24.Narcissus tazetta. lemon 64. clove 53.Rheum rhabarbarum. hollyhock 51.Asparagus officinalis. stock 50. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Consolida ambigua.Tropaeolum majus.Alcea rosea. clary 30. corn poppy 79. dill 73.Colchicum autumnale. fennel marjoram 28.Stachys officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. betony 82.Amaranthus caudatus. virgin's bower 40.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium sativum. garden nasturtium 12. holy thistle 58.Saponaria officinalis.Atriplex hortensis.77.Papaver rhoeas.Achillea millefolium. garlic lungwort 36. rhubarb 10.Lagerstroemia indica.Passiflora incarnata.Clematis virginiana.Marrubium vulgare.Chrysanthemum parthenium. sweet 71.Rosa centifolia.Dianthus caryophyllus.Narcissus poeticus. saffron peppermint crocus 35. dwarf nasturtium 13.Carum carvi.Mentha spicata.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Carolina jessamine 38. polyanthus narcissus 60. parsley 32.Salvia viridis.Celosia cristata.Melissa officinalis.Ruta graveolens.Ficus. comfrey 33.Rosa roxburghii.Anethum graveolens. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Althaea officinalis. feverfew southern magnolia 27. 48.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Pulmonaria officinalis.Rosa eglanteria.Symphytum officinale. Madonna lily 59.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 62. blue 63. 66.Salvia sclarea.Cornusflorida. madder 16. 74. chamomile 17.Lilium candidum. 52. lovage 9. 80. absinthe 45. English 78. daisy crape myrtle 23. rosemary49.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Magnolia grandiflora. yarrow 4. blessed thistle 8.Artemisia absinthium.Mentha × piperita.Matthiola incana. borage 5. marsh mallow 7.Inula helenium. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Artemisia abrotanum.Humulus lupulus.Origanum majorana. English thyme 2.Aquilegia vulgaris.Cnicus benedictus. love.Tropaeolum minus. black cumin 46. annual clary 3. balm chive 37.Cercis canadensis. 54. hop southernwood 39. sorrel 65.Bellis perennis. lavender rose 21. poet's narcissus 61. catnip 70.Coriandrum sativum.Ocimum basilicum. caraway 72. cabbage angustifolia.Chamaemelum nobile. 68. chestnut rose 43. blue 69.Rubia tinctorum.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. First. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). This space was never adequate. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. the western. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Thus. it is proper to make a trial run. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Usually this is least desirable. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. The lesser the scale. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Although some observations may seem obvious. The next most desirable exposure. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. even boggy. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. and the north point is established. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. A ravine and existing. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. far from the house. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Calluna (heather).

Indeed. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The outline is fixed. single bed. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. and the property line on the last. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Then. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. certainly not precisely the same. The. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. 77 provided the needed inspiration. as the drawing on p. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. < previous page page_126 next page > . It was a pleasurable assignment. another is close to the rear of the house. all four sides are so determined.ground where drainage is better. Culinary herbs will fill a large. and the search did not take long. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. a driveway on still another. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. 127 indicates. The new herb garden has been located. but it need not be identical. The general outline is similar. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another.

a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. If. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. forming the outer boundary of the service path. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. then north. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. as in this case. this low wall will enclose the garden area. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. If all is well. With the plan established. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. Two drawings were required to work out problems. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. something is amiss. There was no . In fact. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. In addition. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. A structural edging was in order. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. In this area. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. and the finished edging would be effective. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. However. this was. the eight-foot length was more practical. At corners. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. a lapped joint was fashioned. In this case. . however. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. not one completed in a weekend. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. admittedly. the site required some leveling. eight. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Before edgings could be put in place. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. However. In the earlier stage of planning.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

this same base underlies all the paths. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. This method of treatment now guarantees . Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. but there are exits to different levels. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Weeds. had been proof of that. Heavy black plastic. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. for they will likely have more traffic. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Unfortunately. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. One is the ramp to the driveway. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. could serve this purpose. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. A choice of five colors was available. Aged compost. The latter need to be more substantially paved. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. sand. selected for its simplicity. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. leaves. The pattern is running bond. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. filling the beds with soil was next.

even bed for the pavers. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. However. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. on a trial run of one course of brick. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > .All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. worth the added cost.

No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. With the completion of the paths. . for it would interfere with the drainage system. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. converging where it was logical to do so. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. Sometimes called "rubble drains. French drains. and the steps to other levels." their construction can be somewhat varied. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. the terraced area. since that path borders the house. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. In this instance. learned about decades earlier. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. Herbs have flourished in the beds.

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Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. in inches. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. E EllipseAn oval. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . for example. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Its arrow points north and. and so on. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. in tenths of an inch. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. not necessarily referable to botanical species. and so on.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. is symmetrical. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. often a wall or trellis. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. twelfths of an inch. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. for example. sixteenths of an inch. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. casts the shadow for the hour. hundredths of an inch. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. a garden plan. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. having a variety of gradations. albula.

turf. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. loose. roofed structure usually open on the sides. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. or colored earths.3). French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . M ManufactoryA factory. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Pea gravelSmall. GrindstoneMillstone. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. its compartments filled with flowers. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3.brick) in the same course. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. G GazeboA freestanding. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. also called rubble drain. a flat. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. ForthrightA straight course or path. heated especially by fermenting manure. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs.3. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. rounded fragments of rock. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. a patterned garden. Usually a few inches thick.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .rafters.

called also a hose cock. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. V VarietyA category below species. Stone. or steps. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. not treelike or with a single trunk. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. ranking between species and variety. snug fit for walks. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. < previous page page_132 next page > . R Rose. W Wall. walls. often planted with aromatic herbs. cutting. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. It is the basic unit in classification of plants.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. TreillageLatticework for vines.

Baumgardt. 1961. New York: Crown Publishers. New York: Dover. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. The Herb Garden. 1979. 1902. 1911. Sydney: B. 1951. 1958. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1972. Helen H. Beston.. Dutton & Co.. 1977. New York: Macmillan. Berrall. Rosetta E. Rosemary F. Independence. 1980. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. T. Bailey Hortorium. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Doran & Co. New York: Viking Press. Foster. Alice Morse. John E. Harriet Ballard.. Cross. 1933. L. Liberty Hyde. W. and Accessories. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press.. Greenwood. Margaret E. . Roses. Kent: The Herb Farm. ed. Seal. and Garden. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Carpenter. Brookes. Darrah. London. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1976. Park's Success with Herbs. P.: Geo. Robert Lee. Jot. P. Behme. 14701670. L. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Sevenoaks. 1966. Herbals. . Terrace. Foster. Julia S. 1951. New York: Viking Press. Coats. New York. 1980. New York: E. John Philip. Hanging Plants for Home. Park Seed Co. 1982. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Crowe. Brownlow. 1966. 1957. London: Macmillan. Gertrude B. Book of the Geranium. How Plants Get Their Names. Prof. 1973. Clarkson. Henry. 1942. Helen Morgenthau. Frances A. New York: Macmillan. Daniel J. 1970. Aurora. 1938. Fox.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. The Garden (An Illustrated History). and Louden. S. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. New York: Macmillan. Staff of. H. Charlotte. Foley. The Small Garden. Mo. Flannery. Erichsen-Brown. H. Gertrude B. 1944. 1971. The Cultivated Basils.. Putnam's Sons. Edlin. Hortus Third. Toronto. London: Saturn Press. London: Marshall Cavendish. Herbsfor Every Garden. Earle. John. Batsford. Bardswell. New York: G. Green Enchantment.: Buckeye Printing Co. Sylvia. 1962. New York: Macmillan. New York: Simon and Schuster. Complements. 1971. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Room Outside. 1972. Bailey. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Peter. British Plants. Agnes. Herbs and the Earth. 1935.C. New York: Hawthorne Books. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Garden Design. . London: Country Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Garden City: Doubleday. 1963.

C. Walter. 1981. J. Eleanour Sinclair. Neri. Gardens in Winter. Books. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. 1969. New York: Harper & Bros. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Ireys. Hamel. Lesch. 1970. Moldenke. Tucson: H. Loewenfeld. Horace. Philippa. Lawrence. New York: William Morrow and Co. Herbs. Hendrickson. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1946.. Potter. Leighton. A. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. . New York: De La Mare. and Brunello. New York: Viking Press. Helen K. C. Frederic. Dorothy Bovee. 1959. The Herb Garden. Boston. Norma Jean. Vicenza. 1976. 1975. Boston. 1971.. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. New York: Macmillan. Loyal R. Mass. Paul B.. New York: Crown Publishers. 1979. M. Cherokee Plants. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. N. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Mary U. Mrs. and Synge.) Rohde. Roses of the World in Color. McFarland. Krauss. New York: Dover. 1951. 1974. Adelma G. Bernard Hickey. New York: William Morrow & Co. London: George Routledge & Sons. Sylva. M. Miller. New York: Clarkson N.. Lathrop. Lawrence. How to Select. < previous page page_133 next page > . Kiaer. Waltham. Carol. Simmons. New York: Macmillan. and Chiltoskey. 2d ed. Claire. The Book of Spices.. 1952. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. The Art of Dyeing. 1964. Alice Recknagel. 1975. 1978. Jones. Ann.. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1974. The Concise Handbook of Roses.. Toronto: Little. A Biblical Garden. A Garden of Herbs. 1983.. Patrick M. New York: Van Nostrand. Early American Gardens. Amy Bess. Frances.: Chronica Botanica Co. P. ed. Myron. Robert. 1981. Vegetable Dyeing. Modern Herbal. Jr. Plants of the Bible. Harold N...: Livingston Pub. Flowers of the Field. Loewenfeld. P.. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Grow and Enjoy. Hay. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. New York: Macmillan. Lerner. 1969. Pozza. Sarah. 1938. New York: Doubleday.: Herald Publishing Co. 1911. Landscaping with Vines. and Alma L. Muenscher. Johns. chemist. Grieve. George H.Garland. 1970. Pa. Rosengarten. (1st American edition trans. 1966. 1976. New York: Dover. Rev. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Franco. Geraniums for Home and Garden. 1961. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. London: Faber and Faber. Eigel. Brown & Co. Dutton & Co. Italy. 1982. Wynnewood. and Back. Claire. and Rice. The Berry Book. Elizabeth. Edited by Clarence Elliott. 1972. 1971. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Roy. New York: E. 1973. Howard. Alma. Johnson. Division Billboard Publications.. Shaker Herbs. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Co.

. Cozart. Rhoda Specht. Marion E. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Singleton. Giroux..D. Mrs. Hale & Co. McGarry. 1942. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Mrs. 1979.A. Mrs. Herbs in the Garden. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Malcolm. Plants of the Bible. 1975. 1974. Bynam. New York. Marshall. William Radler.R. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape.. Mrs. Martin's. John Ormsbee. F. Leonard Dreyfuss. Toronto: Van Nostrand. 1979. Mrs. Katherine S. Baker. Sherry D. and Bell. New York: Farrar. ed.A. Mrs. 1953. Jr. New York: Doubleday.A. Mrs. Boston: Ralph T. Plimpton. Peter M. Herbert G. Christopher. Vivian. Mrs. Mrs. A. Mrs. Lamm. Revised by Dr. Indianapolis. James C. W T. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. L. George T. George. Charlotte. 1972. 1965. Bush. Botanical Latin. Lucile Teeter Kissack..A. Elisabeth W. London: Phoenix House. London: Phoenix House. L. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Wilson.A. L.A. Esther. Mr. .. L. L... Pees. Landscape Architecture...A.A. L. New York. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Morss. L.A. Graham Stuart.A. John. 1972. 1957. Stuart. Neil Hamill Park. Philip Batchelder. The Fragrant Garden.A. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Louise Beebe. William W. Alfred L.. Vt. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. W. Madalene Hill.A.. Jo Lohmolder. Mrs. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.S.A. Sandy Hicks. Austin R. Elizabeth Lawrence. William Y Dear. Henry Gund. Jack Emil Geist. L. Gannaway. Mrs... Mrs. Martin. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Hines. Raymond V. Robert K. Nelva M. Mrs. Thacker.S. Mrs. Mrs. Bleecker. Donald Paxton. Bates. Martha Dahlen. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Barbara Capen. L. Griffin. Mrs. Susan W.. Container Gardening Outdoors. Z.. Bradner. L... James D.: Garden Way. Campbell.L. L. Diane C. Linda.. Stearn. C.A. Climbing Roses Old and New. Price. Michael. Ingersoll. L.The Old Shrub Roses.A. The Fragrant Year. 1967. Benjamin McF. A. Mrs. Jr. T. 1979. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Mrs. Shrub Roses of Today. Thomas. Weber. New York: Hafner. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Taylor. New York: Simon & Schuster. Martin's Press. Melissa R. Graham. Meyer. Yang. Keebler. and Mrs.A.S. Vera Breed.. 1931.. Paxton. Charles Patch. White. 1972. Amy Bess Miller. Straus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.. A. Helen Van Pelt. Maxton Davies. 1976. New York: St. Virginia B. Taloumis. Mrs. Norman. Fragrance in the Garden. Winthrop G. New York: St. The History of Gardens. John Poinier.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. William C. Charles L. and Robert B. New York: Dover. Wilder. Zohary. William T.. H. A. 1982. 1966.A. Berkeley Brandt.L. Frank M. 1962. Associate. Moffit. 1976. New ed. The Shakespeare Garden. Smith. Margaret Osborn Holt. L. Hammond Crawford. . ed. Mrs. Mrs.. Helen Noyes. Mrs. A.L. Mrs. Webster. 1953. Tarantino. 1961. Boerner.A. New York: McGraw-Hill. William T. New York: Simon & Schuster. Rev.. New York: William Morrow & Co. L. Jr. Building Stone Walls. Stearn. Leonie. Robert G. .

Joe H. N. Matthew Miksch House. Walter Rebmann. R. Linda Yang. University of Michigan. Mrs. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Ann Arbor. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Bailey. Elbert Smith. Harper. Whitman.Rady. Christopher Rady. Wisc. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. James S. Ga.... Weeks Brick House... Wilcox. Plain Dealer Photo. L. Christopher Spencer. Mich.A. Architect. Frederick E.A. Roberts. Hales Corners. Ohio. Faith H. Smith (Ann Leighton).. L. Helen M. Milton C. Inc. Ohio. Linda Yang. Greenland..H. Mass. Pawtucket.C. Cleveland. Atlanta Historical Society. Derthick.. Skinner. L. John A. The following provided historical.C. Mrs. N. Mrs.A. Mich. Eric Duke Scott.I. Joan E. Jean Ruh. Booker Worthen. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Old Slater Mill Museum. Winston-Salem. Mansfield. N. Lawrence Schetky.. Hancock. The Country Doctor Museum.. Little Rock. Ark. Western Reserve Herb Society. Mrs. Edmund G... < previous page page_134 next page > . Michigan State University. L.. civic.A. Shaker Community. Inc. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Hancock Shaker Village. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Mrs. Mr.. Gayle. Isadore L.. Semple. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Tullie Smith House Restoration. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. L. Mrs. Mrs. G. James F. and Mrs. Swanson. Lansing. Mrs. Nathan Sameth. Timothy Procter Ruh. Eloise andJo Ray. Talbot III. Rose. Milton Stricker. Kingwood Center. Atlanta. Old Salem. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P.

A. maritima L. C.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . A. A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Y smalliana Agrimonia. E. azoricum. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. barbadensis A. Myrrhis odorata. officinalis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Narcissus triandrus. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A.

P. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. officinalis. lycopersicum. F. acerifolium. M. Monarda didyma Crataegus. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. laevis Rhododendron . schmidtiana 'Nana' A. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. P. melongena var. V. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. grandiflorus Melissa M. podagraria Asparagus A. albula A. Solanum aculeatissimum S. S. false Galium aristatum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Lamium album Viburnum. ludoviciana var.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. G. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. V. officinalis Populus.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. deltoides Campsis radicans. coronaria . vulgaris A. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. B. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. chrysantha Symphytum S. P. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. angustifolia. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. M. alpina 'Alba' A. oleracea. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Mertensia virginica.

V. Italian D Daffodil M. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. C. M. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. verna. N. B. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. sativum R. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. angustifolia. B. ioensis Vaccinium. macrocarpon. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. alpinum R. V.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. coronaria. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. pseudonarcissus miniature N. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. alpinum R. M. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . maculatum G.

Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. lilioasphodelus. obtusifolius Rumex R. frutescens C. Sansevieria. x superbum Hemerocallis. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. crispus. A. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. rivieri. D. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. lilioasphodelus H. triphyllum . leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Hosta H. C. obtusifolius R. T officinale Bellis. A. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Ferocactus latispinus. H. acetosa. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C.

Helichrysum. pungens Sambucus S. gymnocarpa. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. azoricum Nigella.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. C. Gnaphalium. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Lychnis coronaria. C. Centaurea cineraria. arvensis. ragusina. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Antennaria. S. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. damascena. N. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. N. Senecio cineraria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. N.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

I. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.× germanica I. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica Corylus C. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. Osmunda. carica F. regalis Adiantum. L. perenne . pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. A. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. I. P. versicolor. usitatissimum L. O.

× domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . neapolitanum A. purpurea D. lutea Allium sativum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. sativum var. Fumaria C. lanata D. × limoneum P. I. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × germanica Myosotis M. scorodoprasum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. sylvatica Digitalis D. quercifolium P. tuberosum A. × hortorum P. odoratissimum P. Pelargonium. sphaerocephalum A. grossularioides P radens P. P.

T. A. canadense T. Tragopogon. A. capitatum P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. quercifolium P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. Z. tomentosum P. × citrosum P. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. × jatrophifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. glutinosum. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. pratensis . quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. canadense. chamaedrys T. T. P. officinale Z. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. crispum P. denticulatum P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. graveolens P. × nervosum P.

M. Oxalis deppei. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . torquata E. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. V. Vitis monticola. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. nervosa V. C.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

L. Ophiopogon L. majalis Liriope. C. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Lythrum. triacanthos G.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. G. Sempervivum Lobelia L. W. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Pulmonaria . siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia.

theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. tenuifolia T. erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. patula Calendula officinalis T. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. grandiflora M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. M.blue M Mace. lucida . alcea var. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. erecta T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. A. M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. Malva. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. C. erecta T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

vulgare O. A. majorana O. citrata. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Spiraea alba. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. × piperita var. aquatica var. majorana O. × piperita var. Astrantia. crispii M. onites O. major. R. S. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. odorata Achillea millefolium. suaveolens M. citrata M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . vulgare O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. requienii M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. citrata M. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. O. piperita var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. dictamnus O. citrata M.

Myrrhis odorata. Myrtus. A.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. rubra M. alba Verbascum. Umbellularia californica. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . thapsus V. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis M. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. communis. V. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. olympicum. lactiflora Morus M. V. Azolla caroliniana. vulgaris A. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. M.

Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. P. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. nudum. V. minus T. poeticus N. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. L. album L. majus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. V.

coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Proliferum Group A. fragrans Allium. vulgare var. C. cepa. cepa A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. fistulosum A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. florentina. O. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. fistulosum Atriplex. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. fragrans O. S. I. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Scilla verna. cepa. hortensis A. Castilleja californica. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. telephium Iris × germanica var.

neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. patens. crispum P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. crispum var. P. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . A. A. pulsatilla Passiflora P. P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.

C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. roseus C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. Grossum Group C. Longum Group C. C. C. annuum. annuum. Chenopodium. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. P frutescens Catharanthus. frutescens C. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. retroflexus. annuum. A. Longum Group Capsicum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. annuum. album Ranunculus ficaria . Longum Group cone green C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. C. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. paniculata P. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Piper C.

P. alpinus D. Prunus japonica. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Silene laciniata. Plantago P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. angustifolia var. umbellata var. P salicina P angustifolia. C. gratianopolitanus D. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. caryophyllus D. americana . officinalis Dianthus D. C. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. × paradisiaca. taeda P. watsonii P maritima P. umbellata var. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. taeda Chimaphila. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. plumarius D. M. plumarius.

P. rhoeas P. balsamifera P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. E. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. biennis P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. S. L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. 0. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. vulgare Lithospermum.

pepo C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. A. P. canadensis C. C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Hesperis .< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. sativum var. coccineum C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Diplotaxis. R. C. pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum R.

Rosa chinensis R. moschata .dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. damascena 'Bifera' R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Rubus coronarius R. spinosissima R. × borboniana R. laevigata R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. gallica R. damascena R. canina. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × harisonii R. chinensis 'Minima' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa Rosa R. R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana Kerria. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. centifolia R. × borboniana R. canina R. banksiae R.

angustissimus R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. clevelandii S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. pitcheri S. × rehderana R. setigera R. rugosa R. azurea subsp. caerula. guaranitica S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. officinalis Limonium R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. Salvia hierosolymitana . greggii S. microphylla S. Rosmarinus. sclarea S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R.

C. hebecarpa. leucantha S. marilandica Amelanchier . P. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. virens. viridis S. montana Scabiosa S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. T. neapolitana S. S. A. S. chamaecyparissus S. elegans S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. maritimum E. guaranitica S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. leucophylla S. Salicornia. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. chamaecyparissus S. S.

canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A.

coggygria C. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. V. G. C. C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria Cotinus. P. P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria. americana. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. biflorum . Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. nivalis Lamium album. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum.

acetosa. L. scutatus R. officinalis thyme-leaved V. Ornithogalum arabicum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . O. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. E.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. japonica Sorbaria. V. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. S. pyrenaicum.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. H. R. crassipes O. patulum.

vulgare var. dracunculus var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. chiloensis F. O. M. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vulgare var. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. floridus Philadelphus . sativa Amaranthus caudatus. crispum T. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca F. T vulgare T. perennis. vesca F. incana M. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. O. C. incana M.

A. marianum S. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. praecox subsp. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. 'Clear Gold' T. phaenopyrum C. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. sylvestris D. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. maritima Thymus. marianum S. pallasianus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. praecox T. C. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. E. benedictus. sativus Cirsium Cnicus.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. × citriodorus T. 'Argenteus' T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. arcticus T. laevigata Eupatorium. Silybum marianum S.

Physalis peruviana L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. I. noli-tangere. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. P. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. praecox subsp. P. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. cerasiforme. sanctum Tulipa T. sanctum O. radicans Bignonia capreolata. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. peruviana P. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. lycopersicum var.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. lycopersicum L. pruinosa. L. C. Coreopsis Linaria. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . alata Lycopersicon. lycopersicum var.

Chimaphila. longifolia Chamaelaucium. V. P. odorata V. C. cornuta V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. C. cornuta 'Alba' V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. V riviniana Viola odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. caeruleum Clematis. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. canina. caprea . maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. odorata V.

absinthium A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. gmelinii A. V. S. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. pontica. caprea.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. ambrosioides Artemisia. annua A. Stachys . Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Corydalis sempervirens A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. verticillata Chimaphila. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Gaultheria procumbens. I. frigida A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. camphorata A. Vanilla barbellata A. W. nudum Isatis I. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S.

taygetea A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A. ageratum A. lutea. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . tomentosa Ilex cassine. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. × media 'Hicksii' T. X.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. vomitoria I. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. simplicissima Cladrastis. C. I. millefolium A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza.

pedatum Agastache A. calamus maidenhair fern... maidenhair fern. monkshood flowering maple. parlor m. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. alpinus Aconitum A. fragrant g. longifolia Achillea A. Indian mallow China jute. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. taygetea A. Indian mallow. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. cana A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . nose-bleed. lion's tail anise hyssop. napellus Acorus A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. h. monkshood helmut flower. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. theophrasti Acacia A. sanguinary. thousand-seal. butter-print. breviflora A. millefolium A. fourcroydes sweet flag. calamus Adiantum A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.. maidenhair American maidenhair. foeniculum Agave A. ageratum A. yarrow sneezeweed. h. five-finger f. fennel g. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. blue giant hyssop.

Japanese bunching o. serpent garlic chive. two-bladed o. ostrowskianum A. Spanish o. alpina A. senescens var. scorodoprasum A.. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. giganteum A. flowering o. sativum var. vulgaris Allium A. schoenoprasum A. Rosenbachianum A. ophioscorodon A. lily leek daffodil garlic. schnittlauch giant garlic . ciboule. Pulchellum A..A. tree o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. purple c. cive. flavum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. sisalana Agrimonia A. moly A. fistulosum A. garlic rocambole. githago Ajuga A. rosea Alchemilla A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle... cocklebur. hemp plant agrimony. karataviense A. sativum A. neapolitanum A. sisal hemp. christophii A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. reptans Alcea A.

Barbados a. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. triphylla Althaea A. officinalis Anemone A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. sphaerocephalum A. canadensis Amsonia A.. marschalliana A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. tuberosum Aloe A. bugloss alkanet. hupehensis var. archangel. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. medicinal a. japonica A. caudatus Amelanchier A. shad.. Curasao a. garlic c. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel.glaucum A. blanda A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. cerefolium chervil angelica. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. barbadensis Aloysia A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. white m. pulsatilla Anethum A. juneberry. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. shadbush. officinalis Amaranthus A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.. Oriental garlic . officinarum Anchusa A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. bugloss windflower.

alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens var. chrysantha A. graveolens A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry.Apium A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.

absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. sativa A. stewardsonii Armeria A. kinnikinick. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. pink or white horseradish. triphyllum A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. Ludoviciana var. mealberry. mugwort. annua A. dracunculus var. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. wormwood southernwood. triphyllum subsp. red cole sagebrush. virginicum bearberry. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. mountain box. bear's grape. hog cranberry. arborescens A. sandberry. creashak green-dragon. camphorata A. canadense A. europaeum A. old man southernwood absinthe. dracontium A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. rusticana Artemisia A. sea pink thrift. lactiflora A. gmelinii A. frigida A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . albula A. maritima Armoracia A. pontica A. asarabacca wild ginger. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood.

silkweed. piprage beet swiss chard. c. mustard . tuberosa Asparagus A. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. saltbush orach. China grass borage borage. butterfly flower butterfly weed. cool-tankard cole. nivea Borago B. perennis Berberis B. upland cress winter cress. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. vulgaris Beta milkweed. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. officinalis Astrantia A. yellow r. ruby s. c.. pleurisy root. B. halimus A. talewort. s. tuberroot. vulgaris Bellis B. s. rattleweed winter cress. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. i. jaundice berry. tinctoria Barbarea B. wild indigo blue false indigo. Chinese silk plant. major Atriplex A. c. hortensis B Baptista B.. wild blue i. wild indigo. papyrifera Boehmeria B. orach sea orach. garden o. australis B.Asclepias A. plains f. ruby s. mountain spinach false indigo. rocket. vulgaris. c. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B.

. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. carpatica C. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. microphylla var. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. strawberry s. officinalis Calycanthus C. grandiflora Calendula C.. eruca B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.B. sempervirens B. pineapple s. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. floridus Campanula C. white-flowered k. koreana B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla 'Nana' B.

p. o. trumpet vine. green p. o. bell p. p. p.. o. p. sweet pepper. s. o. cow-itch. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. s. p. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o. p. green p. p. p. p. rapunculus Campsis C. o. trumpet flower. < previous page page_147 next page > .. s. red p. C. p.. p.. persicifolia C. crown plant trumpet creeper. o.C. pimento sweet pepper s. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. o. chili p.

Tabasco p. tinctorius Carum C.. shellbark h. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. frutescens Carthamus C. ovata Cassia C.. Madagascar periwinkle. capsicum p.. bastard s. majus Chelone cayenne p. carvi Carya C.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. red p. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. Tabasco-sauce p. nobile Chelidonium C... canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. snakehead . roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. chili p. senna. Russian c. celandine celandine turtlehead. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. garden c. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. cristata Cercis C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. canariensis Cedrus C. marilandica Catharanthus C. illinoinensis C. false saffron. deodara Celosia C.

leather flower. virgilia virgin's bower. alecost pyrethrum. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. balsamita C. devil's-darning- . leucanthemum C. ladanifer Citrus C. frutescens C. cinerariifolium C. intybus Cimicifuga C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Chinese dwarf 1. pigweed Mexican tea. crispus C. bonus-henricus C. barbe-de-capuchin. coccineum C. pyrethum. red-leaved chicory bugbane. virgin's bower. Spanish t. botrys Chimaphila C. fat hen ambrosia. feather geranium. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. Meyer 1. parthenium C. leather flower. Robert Brydon' C. dwarf 1. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. American w. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. umbellata Chionanthus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. wintergreen. × jouiniana 'Mrs. racemosa Cistus C. wax flower. × superbum Cichorium C. wormseed. lutea Clematis C.. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine.. Dalmatia p.C. mint geranium. old-man's-beard costmary. rattletop black cohosh. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. glabra Chenopodium C.. ambrosioides C.. lanuginosa 'Alba' C.

white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. red haw hawthorn English h. trifolia Coreopsis C. avellana Cotinus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. coggygria Cotoneaster C. apiculatus Crataegus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. ambigua C. laevigata C. cneorum Coptis C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. peregrina Consolida C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. benedictus Coix C. smoke plant. orientalis Convallaria C. majalis Convolvulus C.needle Cnicus C. smokebush smoke tree. thorn. arkansana C. autumnale Comptonia C. florida Corylus C. smokebush.. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. Venetian sumac. sativum Cornus C. quick-set. thorn apple.

angustifolius C. sieberi C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sempervirens Cydonia C. tomasinianus Cupressus C.C. kotschyanus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. × allwoodii D. maritimum Crocus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. oblonga Cymbopogon C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.. sativus C.. West Indian 1. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. speciosus 'Albus' C. citratus Cytisus C. gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus C. scoparius C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > .

sylvestris Doronicum D. grandiflora D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. sativus D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. carnation. spectabilis Dictamnus D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. lanata D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. gas plant. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. burning bush. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss .

E. arvense E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. Australian gum. ironbark. pungens Eleocharis E. S. blueweed. b. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. plum eryngo sea holly. J. perfoliatum E. dulcis Endymion E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. sea eryngo California poppy C. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. japonica Eryngium E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. epimedium barrenwort.. viridis Epimedium E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . hyemale Eranthis E. poppy eucalypt. jacinth. sea holm. rugosum v. vulgare Elaeagnus E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. torquata Euonymus E. Japanese medlar. gum tree. californica Eucalyptus E.

vulgare var.Euphorbia E. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . a.s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. major Fragaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. cyparissias F Ferula F. finocchio. sow-teat s. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vulgare F. a. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. alpine s. chiloensis F. vulgare subsp. ulmaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. assafoetida Ficus F.s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.s. a.

mountain tea. virginiana Hedeoma H. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. nivalis Galium G. runaway robin. Carolina yellow j. woodroof yellow bedstraw. gardenia. sweet w. Carolina jasmine G.. wild c. Carolina jessamine Genista G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. pulegioides American pennyroyal. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.F. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. mollugo G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. odoratum G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. ground ivy. vernalis H. jasminoides Gaultheria G. field balm. red Robin . triacanthos Gossypium G.. teaberry. germanica G. mock p.. robertianum Glechoma G. spotted c. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine.. tinctoria Geranium G. dyer's greenweed. our-lady's-b. false baby's-breath woodruff. checkerberry. cleavers white bedstraw. honey locust. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. hederacea Gleditsia G. verum Gardenia G. woodwaxen.. alumroot herb Robert. Capejasmine wintergreen. maculatum G.

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.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. licorice plant heliotrope. garland 1.. bimli j. arborescens Helleborus H. rose-of-China. blacking plant plantain lily. Deccan h. orientalis Hemerocallis H.. bastard jute. daylily . glabra Hesperis H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. hibiscus kenaf. × luteola Herniaria H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. matronalis Hibiscus H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. lemon d. corsicus H. lilioasphodelus H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. cannabinus H. giant m.. Chinese hibiscus. mallow. rose m. sweet r. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. Indian hemp. atrorubens H... helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. foetidus H. Deckaner h. Hawaiian h. niger H. lividus subsp. curry plant false licorice. angustifolium H. turnsole heliotrope. bimlipatum j. immortelle white-leaf everlasting.. China rose. flavescens Helenium H.

box-leaved h.H. orangeroot. navelwort gotu kola St.. European h. horned h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. lupulus Hydrangea H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. . crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. rose h. white h. perforatum Hyssopus H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. box-leaved h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. crenata var. patulum 'Sungold' H. I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.-John's-wort St. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. asiatica Hypericum H.-John's-wort St. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.

I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. spotted t. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. alba Iris I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. crested i... chinensis var. horizontalis creeping j. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. cristata I. glabra I. African corn lily corn lily orris. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. woad dyer's woad. water f. tinctoria Inula I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. opaca I. pseudacorus Isatis I. 'Great Lakes' I. maculata J Jasminum J. officinale Juniperus J. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. helenium Ipomoea I. J. × germanica var. snapweed. touch-me-not jewelweed. vomitoria 'Nana' I. florentina I. tinctoria Ixia I. wilsonii Impatiens I. capensis Indigofera I. crested dwarf i. jewelweed. yellow flag. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam..

. dumb nettle. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. paradise p.. n. carnea Brazilian-plume. white d. n. plume plant. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . king'scrown L Lactuca L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. plume flower.Justicia water willow J. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. album L.. dentata L. angustifolia L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. indica Lamium L. maculatum L. flamingo p. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. d. angustifolia subsp. bay.. sweet bay laurel. dentata var. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. nobilis Lavandula L.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

usitatissimum Liriope L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. hedge plant privet. officinale Ligustrum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. perenne L. marsh rosemary. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. leonurus Leontopodium L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. pepperwort.. benzoin Linum L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. lovage privet. candidum L. muscari Lobelia L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. aestivum Levisticum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. blue cardinal flower .< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. summer s. sativum Leucojum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L.

catchfly mullein pink. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. silver-dollar. grandiflora M. satin flower honesty. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. gypsywort. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. annua Lychnis L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. lycopersicum var. flava L. virginiana sweet alyssum. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. campion. honesty. penny f. europaeus Lysimachia L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia.. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. coronaria L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M.L. vulgaris Lythrum L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. stellata M. moonwort. coronaria 'Alba' L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . lycopersicum var. coral h. sempervirens Lunaria L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. cordata Magnolia M. maritima L. money plant. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L.

suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. Brampton stock. blue barberry apple... angustifolia M. fastigiata Marrubium M. alcea var. bergamot m. apple m. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. aquatica M. pennyroyal Corsican m. musk m. b. × piperita var.Mahonia M. Scotch m. curly m. 'Guiding Star' M. longifolia M. white h.. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. horsemint . Oregon g. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. menthella. incanum M.. horsemint peppermint orange mint. bluebells.. Virginia b. 'Eau de Cologne' M. hupehensis Malva M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. requienii M. American crab. citrata M. lemon m. pineapple m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. stock stock. officinalis Mentha M. holly mahonia. bee b. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. holly g. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. holly barberry. sweet b. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. incana Melissa M. mountain g. × piperita M. cowslip. imperial stock balm lemon b.. Virginia c. vulgare Matthiola M.. gillyflower. × gentilis M.. pulegium M.. lungwort bluebells.

perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. winter purslane. Oswego tea. punctata Montia M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. white b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > .M. fistulosa M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle.. American m. menthifolia M. anise. red m. Greek myrtle. banana abaca. odorata Myrtus M. b. candleberry. white bee balm pink b. fistulosa var. b. pink b. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. b. swamp c. citriodora M. Swedish m. sylvatica Myrica M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. myrrh. textilis Myosotis M. sweet cicely.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

all-heal salad burnet. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. veris Prunella P. maritima P. lungwort blue 1. nepalensis P. domestica P. balsam p. golden hardhack. hardy orange poplar. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. pensylvanica P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. Americana P. aspen. sieboldii 'Alba' P. Jerusalem cowslip white p... cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. granatum Pyrus P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. persica Pteridium P. heal-all. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. vulgaris Prunus P. elatior P.. hackmatack. sand p. widdy shrubby c. five-finger shrubby c. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil .Poncirus P. hog-pasture b. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. Jerusalem sage. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. trifoliata Populus P. tacamahac cinquefoil. brake. pasture b. angustifolia P. brake bracken.

wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. dog r. sweetbrier French r. cabbage r. . autumn damask r. garden c. chinensis 'Minima' R. stellata R Ranunculus R.. York-and-Lancaster r. garden r.. typhina Ribes R. moss r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. moss r. brier r. crowfoot lesser celandine. luteola Rhamnus R. eglantine. pilewort mignonette weld. China r. ficaria Reseda R. rose.Quercus Q.. dog b. small c. × borboniana R... mountain c. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. gooseberry alpine c. canina R. sativum Rosa R.. brier Banksia r. eglanteria R. 'Cinderella' R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. fairy r. Bourbon r. pie plant. gallica damask r. banksiae R. red currant. pygmy r. alpinum R. purshiana Rheum R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R.

prairie r. laevigata R. rugosa R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. rosemary pine-scented r. climbing r. burnet r. × harisonii R. acetosa R.. musk r. madder bramble blackberry. wichuraiana R. snowdwarf memorial r. Cherokee r. prostrate rosemary. bitter d. obtusifolius R.. 'Schneezwerg' R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. Harison's yellow r. tinctorum Rubus R. spinosissima R. × rehderana R. garden sorrel broad dock..'Officinalis' R. Turkestan r. Scotch r. chestnut r. golden p. French sorrel rue . sorrel. setigera R. moschata R. angustissimus R. hirta Rumex R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. dock s. r. chinquapin r. Japanese r. polyantha r.. roxburghii R. climbing r. rosemary white r.

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leucantha S. clevelandii S. bloodroot rue . osier goat willow. greggii S. guaranitica S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. golden g. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. leucophylla S. purple variegated garden s. gray sage. s. elegans S. involucrata S. microphylla S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. purple g. Mexican bush s. elderberry American e. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. American e. caprea Salvia S. viridis Sambucus S. caerula S. argentea S. sclarea S. garden s. clary annual clary elder. bloodroot red puccoon. canadensis willow. pussy willow sage. s. variegated garden s.

mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. pinnata S.Sanguisorba S. virens Saponaria S. blessed t. mad apple . St.. devil's tongue. atropurpurea Sedum S.. tectorum Silybum S.. morganianum S. albidum Satureja S. milk t. marianum Sium S. telephium Sempervivum S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. roof h. hortensis S.. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. melongena var. pincushion flower pincushions. skirret potato vine eggplant. hemp plant snake plant. live-forever houseleek. good-luck plant. jasminoides S. live-forever houseleek. officinalis Sassafras S. canadensis Sansevieria S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. neapolitana S. trifasciata Santolina S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. mourning-bride stonecrop. hen-and-chickens. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. lucky plant. sweet s. orpine donkey's tail orpine. Mary's t. sisarum Solanum S.

officinale S. big m. lutea Stokesia S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. patula melongene. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. californica Sorbaria S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. vulgaris 'Addie V. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. erecta marigold African m. americana Stachys S. grandiflora S. reticulata var. lilac . lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. officinale Syringa S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. laciniata Persian lilac S. hedge nettle. byzantina S. laevis Symphytum S. × persica var.. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. woundwort lamb's-ears. Aztec m.

chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. occidentalis Thymus T. canadense T. vulgare T.T.. wood sage germander dwarf. culinary golden lemon t. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. 'Argenteus' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. fruticans T. vulgare var. procumbent g. crispum Taraxacum T. columnar y. . dense y. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. carnosus T. lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T.. lucida T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. signet m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. officinale Taxus T. filifolia T. dwarf m. marum Thuja T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. germander American g. yew conical y. tansy tansy. upright y.. sweet mace French m.

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'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. doerfleri T. nitidus T. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. woolly thyme creeping t. glabrescens T. confederatej. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. praecox T. t.. richardii subsp.. jasminoides Tragopogon T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. lanatum Trifolium T. nummularius T. t. red c. romero clover red clover star jasmine. pallasianus T. crimson c. wishbone flower. odorus t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. caraway t. herba-barona T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. serpyllum T. not culinary French t. creeping t. zygis Torenia T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. leucotrichus T. lemon t. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. pratensis Trichostema T. .

tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. tall n. water-lily t. Indian cress dwarf n. maritima Urtica U. angustifolium var. 'General de Wet' T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. tawny orange t. kaufmanniana T.. farfara U Urginea U. speedwell.. early. blueberry. majus T. red s. pale yellow Darwin t. cranberry. thapsus Veronica V. officinalis Verbascum V. canadensis Tulipa T. clusiana T.Tropaeolum T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. 'Blizzard' T. dioica V Vaccinium V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. minus Tsuga T. mullein mullein. . officinalis V. tarda T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. huckleberry. bitter Indian garden n. velvet p. species t. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. flannel plant. laevifolium Valeriana V. blattaria V. squill. nettle stinging n. 'Sweet Harmony' T. olympicum V.

aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. violet dog violet horned v. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. × wittrockiana Vitis V. minor Viola V. acerifolium V. nannyberry. tricolor V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. maple-leaved viburnum. prunifolium Vinca V..Vetiveria V. khus-khus. withe-rod vetiver. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. running m. ladies-delight. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. carlesii V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. myrtle. possum haw . sweet h. canina V. lesser p. sheepberry. lutea 'Splendens' V. heartsease pansy.. heartsease. cassinoides V. odorata V. zizanioides Viburnum V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. arrowwood..

officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle. ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g.

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