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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
The turning point came when. with sparkling enthusiasm. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. pushing. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. Ginny had done some writing. Again they revised. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. This was not to be. carefully chosen. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. punching. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. build it. especially poetry. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Then. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. wheedling. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. for they had no model and no guide. more of them exist to serve as examples. Their energy and charm caught me up. whether all their labor was to no avail. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. bereft of hope. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. seven years ago. alterations. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. and I have had the pleasure of advising. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. responded with delight. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. and the experience provided the final section of the book.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . This they did. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. and record every detailall of the failures. With false starts and honest stops. It needs no sequel. successes. and the publisher.
Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. To achieve this. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Likewise. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. without accompanying commentary. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Italics are always used for botanical names. English thyme. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. historical interest. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. A range of essential factors is considered herein. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. former generic names. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. Not all plants used are herbs. and these are capitalizedfor example. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. degree of maintenance required. The herb garden designs alone. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. and educational purpose. . The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. the authors. although countless common names exist. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. specialty. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. or by contributors. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. by their owners. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. we completed a test garden. rather. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. We. 1969 and 1980. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. while others were prepared by landscape designers.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. governed the style of our lists of botanical names.
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Susan Frugé. librarian. and Joanna Reed. Special thanks are due James C. and Rexford Talbert. Alice Skelsey. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Richard T. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. former managing editors. and August Frugé. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. FAITH H. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. has been especially helpful over the years. past presidents. M. as expediter and typist. Finally. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. We are grateful to many. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Derthick.. Nell Neff. Keebler and the late Everest P. always encouraging us to stay with our project. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. His assistant. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . former director of same. Alexander Apanius. Isaacson. Eleanor Gambee. The late Raymond C. and the horticulturist. Jo Lohmolder. Wanda Ritchie. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. She has served. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Weatherhead. Betty Rea. Rady. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Trudi Bela.D. A lecturer on herbs. have also been of assistance. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. which made possible the completion of our text. has given us valuable information. Recognition is due Robert B. Swanson and Robert B. Herbert J. president. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Genevieve Jyurovat. and Elizabeth Bryce. Lee Buss. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. too.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. some of which are evergreen. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. and decisions must not be left to chance. If no ." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. fences. to increase the value of the property. and structures. "Not difficult to plan. temples of worship. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Its interest is independent of flowers. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. not at all difficult to maintain. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. partially excavated area. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. In order to create a fine garden design. As one constantly reinforces the other. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Perennial herbs. the north point will have been indicated. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. and hedges will have been located. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. have foliage that changes color with the seasons." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. new ways of seeing." A good design does not "happen. or an abandoned. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. As Henry Beston reflects. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. lay out a plan of the property. new plants. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. a front dooryard. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions.
measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > . Here. fences. and hedges. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.
measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. A deed description. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. too. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. In this example. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. to locate the house. measure to locate the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. and the driveway. measurements are in engineer's scale. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. In the absence of a survey map. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. but with all needed information. Next.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. will give the lot or acreage measurements. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. Here. The object is to . too. such as the one illustrated here. Other areas may require a smaller scale. other significant structures. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing.
The smaller the scale. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. enclosures.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. driveway. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. and unusual land features noted. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. triangleof inexpensive plastic. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. lines at an angle. The tools needed for drawing are few. paths. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. < previous page page_3 next page > . shrubs. and parallel lines.
or summer kitchen is ideal. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. and stone. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. One basic rule is the higher the wall. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. brick. iron. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. However. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. A toolhouse. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. In some cases. greenhouse. With the plan on paper. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. Upkeep. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. yew. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. and hedges of hemlock. In the absence of a structure. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . gazebo. and holly. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. bayberry. old smokehouse. garage. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. In the designs that follow.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Stone. but the results will confirm this course. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Where air circulation is much needed. deeply evergreen. for reinforcing the design. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. the garden design is most attractive. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Styles are legion. Lower cost is an advantage. Equally important is proportion. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Rosemary. For example.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Generally. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. yew. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Stained. or natural. holly. however. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. and their styles are countless. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. railroad ties. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. If desired. too. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. When used with a hedge. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. bricks. When this reinforcement is understated. as in outdoor room dividers. elegant box. they can be made to order. Gates are part of the enclosure. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. landscape timbers. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. painted. . In some climates. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. if wood is the material of choice. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. annual painting is a necessity. as an example. or. gray surfaces are found. for example. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Whatever the reason. If used. it will seem too sparsely planted. whether it will be rocks. so give them much thought. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. At first. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Allow adequate room within the row. a temporary garden that may be changed later. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. box. and rosemary. such as bayberry. some deciduous and some evergreen. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. or pressure-treated lumber. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. used for dry wall or masonry construction. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. cut stones.
the steps created will be forever an annoyance. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. there is a necessary. Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Choose the path material equally for comfort. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. but should be compatible with. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Paths must be ample. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. too. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. It is a general rule that the less the riser. The colors are various: terracotta. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. making the design more evident. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. their use no less than comfortable. If groups are walking through. Step materials need not be the same as. There are. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. cost. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. rosy pink. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. . appearance. for example. or red. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. however. the greater the tread. Access paths. because they are just that. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. A width of four feet allows room for turning. and maintenance. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches.
A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .
In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.
With these recommendations in mind. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. When they mature. shrubs. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.) To avoid having a slippery surface. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. They are easily renewed as they break down. a soft-lead pencil in hand. shad Malus coronaria. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . a result being hazardous footing. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. they should not shade the herbs too much. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. too. bark or pine needles can be used. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. This. serviceberry. or trees to be considered. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. If the garden is made up of separate beds. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. and many good references are available. prepare a planting plan for each. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. is an enjoyable experience. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained.
Sept. for example. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Do use a soft-lead pencil. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. such as the one illustrated here. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. 'Mount Hood daff. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. or whatever is best in your case. Artifacts As with other gardens. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. It needs. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. for example. whether they are invasive or tall growing. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. one-half inch equals one foot. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. noting well their growth habits. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Often this center of interest is a sundial. lemon thyme. a focal point is customarily used. too. however. it is easily read and easily erased.
< previous page page_9 next page > . or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. If a statue less than life-size is used. Again. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. the height of a fence to the house. It is then in scale with its frame. a niche of its own should be created. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
the designs have a decorative north point. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . Except for two. a stylized drawing of an ovary.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. For easy reference. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. However. that of good proportion. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
Ocimum basilicum. sativa. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon 15. rose 24. 22.Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja montana.Origanum majorana. 26. 16.Galium odoratum. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 14. 4. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. Foeniculum vulgare. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. With color and texture considered for contrast. summer 23. A. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Viola tricolor. The rules of symmetry are observed. dill cerasiforme. 3. arcticus 27. fennel 2. bee balm 13. salad burnet 12. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. lemon balm . This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.Thymus praecox subsp. lovage 17. 21.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. The first number in each planting area is the key number.Melissa officinalis. a fence. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium 11.S. sweet 25. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. 1. Lavenders accent the front corners.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Lobularia maritima. 5. or other structure. Landscape Architect. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. which is used here in relation to a garage.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 6. 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.L.A.
8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Pelargonium × limoneum. costmary 'Albus'.Origanum heracleoticum.Petroselinum crispum var. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . 19. curly parsley 10. chive 18.Salvia officinalis. leek 9.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Greek 28. Chrysanthemum balsamita. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. dwarf garden 20.Porrum Group.
Foeniculum vulgare. white 20. lemon verbena 21. 13. bush basil 3. 1. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Poterium sanguisorba. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Allium schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. 12. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 11. 18. . curly parsley sativa. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Petroselinum crispum var. 17.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon 2.Pelargonium graveolens. 9.Pelargonium tomentosum. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. rose 19.Lavandula angustifolia.Monarda didyma. as was done here.Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. summer 10.
Rosa eglanteria. 14.Heliotropium arborescens. eglantine 23. 16.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.salad burnet 6. English thyme dill 8.Origanum majorana.Galium odoratum.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . English'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.
Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. making the beds larger and the paths wider. and the plan could be used at a front door.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 8. spearmint 16.S.Mentha spicata. Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.A.Satureja hortensis. The garden is conveniently located. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Petroselinum crispum. 9.Allium schoenoprasum. Origanum majorana. 7. however. 1. The number in each planting area is the key number.L. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Poterium sanguisorba. sativa. English thyme Greek oregano 4. lovage 15. . parsley 5. Even in limited space. dill 2. 13.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale. sweet marjoram 3.Taxus cuspidata.Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese yew 17. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. summer savory 11. A. salad burnet 14. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. however. Then the design might need to be expanded. lemon thyme 10. still observing a scale. The image would soon give way to other considerations.
Ocimum basilicum.6. sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.
32. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. 7.Asarum canadense. fraxinella 15. The long. wild ginger 27.Stachys byzantina.Convallaria majalis. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Teucrium chamaedrys.Pulmonaria officinalis. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. lemon thyme 28. garden sage 17. The number in each planting area is the key number.Primula vulgaris. 13. 9.Origanum majorana. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.S. Jacob's-ladder 3. fennel 19. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Polystichum acrostichoides.Polemonium reptans.L. A. yellow 29. Viola odorata.Humulus lupulus.Allium ampeloprasum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. hop sativa. lavender marjoram 2.A. 1. Monarda didyma. cinnamon fern 4. sweet violet 16. blue lungwort 26. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Landscape Architect. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. salad 20. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. 30. summer 21.Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. the challenge is obvious. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. leek Foeniculum vulgare. Christmas fern 5. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. This is an intimate garden. 18.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . 6. 25. 33.Artemisia dracunculus var.Osmunda cinnamomea. 31. Dictamnus albus. 8. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. bee balm 14. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Digitalis grandiflora.
Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Galium odoratum.Petroselinum crispum var. yellow bedstraw 23.Satureja montana.Tsuga canadensis. French'.lilac 10. Canada hemlock Standard'.Sorbus americana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Korean box 11.savory germander Willmott'.Buxus microphylla var.Galium verum. winter savory 24. crispum. French thyme woodruff koreana. 35. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . sweet 34.
Surprisingly. garden sage 20.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum heracleoticum. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. it became part of the patio. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden.Rumex scutatus. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Aloysia triphylla. Even so. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. this design can be an inspiration. Italian parsley . To be placed near the kitchen." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis. 1. One of the beds. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. dill 10. 19. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. It is a pleasing. lemon verbena 2. geometric design. neapolitanum. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind.
Origanum majorana. chive 25.Borago officinalis. crispum. garlic chive 26. borage 'Purpurascens'. sweet 18.3.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Petroselinum crispum var.Anthriscus cerefolium. curly parsley 22.Allium tuberosum. winter savory 24.Ocimum basilicum 12. Alpine strawberry 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. purple basil 4. chervil marjoram 21.Melissa officinalis. basil sativa. sweet 14. sweet 13.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. salad 15. lemon balm cicely 6.Ocimum basilicum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Satureja montana.Myrrhis odorata. summer savory 23.Satureja hortensis.17. lemon basil 9. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. English thyme bush basil 8.Allium schoenoprasum.Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 5.
the work paths could be eliminated. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Santolina virens. green santolina 12.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. it is full of interesting angles. Created in an orderly way. As a whole. gray .C.Thymus × citriodorus. blue 22.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. rosemary 3. lamb's-ears 20.Galium odoratum. English lavender 10. 14. sweet 13. 1.Pelargonium in variety.Stachys byzantina. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. winter 21. sweet cicely 23. purple basil 4.Rosmarinus officinalis. scented-leaf geranium 2. To increase the planting area.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. too.Hyssopus officinalis.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Lavandula angustifolia. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Myrrhis odorata. so. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. The center beds here were established in this way. geometric design. 19. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Satureja montana. English thyme lemon thyme 11. it is an unusual. D. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.
6.Artemisia abrotanum. horehound24.Myrtus communis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus caryophyllus. classic myrtle 9. camphor-scented wormwood 8. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. American southernwood holly 17. germander 16.Artemisia camphorata.Marrubium vulgare. clove pink 7.Salvia officinalis. 25. silver mound artemisia 18.Ilex opaca.
sweet woodruff 5. Ocimum basilicum.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Galium odoratum. Sometimes space is limited. borage 23. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Its arrow points north and. rosemary 15.Calendula officinalis. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. this herb garden is secluded. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. absinthe 26.Satureja montana. gray santolina 13. French tarragon 14. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Melissa officinalis. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.Thymus praecox subsp. English lavender 6.Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 2.Tanacetum vulgare. Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. This center of interest is of particular note.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 21. winter savory 16. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Job's tears 11. Achillea millefolium. pot marigold 24. yarrow 12. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. purple basil 3. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. lemon balm 22.Artemisia absinthium. which adds its impression of warmth. sweet basil 4. too.Chamaemelum . Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Coix lacryma-jobi.Borago officinalis. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Artemisia dracunculus var. casts the shadow for the hour. sativa.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 25. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.
Origanum vulgare. Salvia elegans. chive 18. Salvia officinalis.7. sweet 29. scented-leaf 27. costmary 'Albus'. comfrey20. white creeping thyme nobile. marjoram pecan 10. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. pineapplescented sage 9. garden sage 19. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Carya illinoinensis.Origanum majorana. chamomile 17.Chrysanthemum balsamita. variegated garden sage 8. wild marjoram 28.Syringa.Symphytum officinale.Pelargonium in variety.
garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 36.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. French sorrel 21. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Pelargonium × limoneum. true ginger16. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. garlic Levisticum officinale. sweet cicely 37.Allium sativum. rose geranium 2. chervil 15. summer 32. 7. 4. parsley 17.Origanum majorana.Ipomoea alba. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. horehound 33. 30. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Marrubium vulgare. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 3.Galium odoratum. 19. 1. 9.Allium schoenoprasum. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. dill 20. for example lemon balm and spearmint. When controlled in this way. 8.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sunken into the ground. lemon balm 35. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Satureja hortensis.Melissa officinalis. sativa.Teucrium chamaedrys.Myrrhis odorata.Pelargonium graveolens.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. blue 23.Apium graveolens. 5. 29. sweet 34. 18. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. rue 31. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. The more invasive ones. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Ruta graveolens. 6. Anthriscus cerefolium. lovage 22.Artemisia dracunculus var. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. hyssop Meyer lemon . sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.
Thymus × citriodorus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. English thyme 26.10. spearmint 27. bush basil 14. dwarf nasturtium 13. salad burnet 25.Magnolia virginiana. lemonthyme 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon verbena 11.Mentha spicata.Origanum heracleoticum. Greek oregano 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum minus. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Aloysia triphylla. French thyme 24. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . Japanese yew 39.
Here are the indispensable culinary herbs." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. simplify!. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. a quick way to ensure good drainage. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. whatever the reason. "Simplify. however. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. but. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. < previous page page_22 next page > .< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
rue 20.Capsicum frutescens. sweet 17.The number in each planting area is the key number. bell pepper 6. spearmint 21.Satureja hortensis.Salvia officinalis. aloe Grossum Group. spicebush absinthe French'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. lemon 22. sweet 15.Tanacetum vulgare.Impatiens capensis.Mentha spicata.Ruta graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. 16. tansy 11.Thymus praecox subsp. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Ocimum basilicum. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Artemisia absinthium. summer basil savory 7. dill 13. 12. bee balm 19.Anethum graveolens. 26.Galium odoratum. lettuce 10. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Lindera benzoin.Lactuca sativa. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Hedeoma pulegioides. garden sage 3. arcticus. 18.Petroselinum crispum.Origanum majorana. peppermint 23. sweet 25.Aloe barbadensis. 14. parsley 2. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis.Allium fistulosum. French tarragon 5.Mentha x piperita. balm sativa.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. jewelweed24.Monarda didyma.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. faced and capped with random. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. too. Russian 13. arcticus 14. 8. . Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. encloses this plan.Pelargonium in variety.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. A low wall of brick. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. 1. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. Perovskia abrotanoides. French thyme 2. germander 7. horizontally laid bluestone. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. Thymus praecox subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.
angustifolia. Thymus × citriodorus. crimson creeping thyme 9. white creeping thyme 5.Campsis radicans. lavender 3. St.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina neapolitana 4. lemon balm hyssop 12.Galium odoratum.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. blue 11. trumpet vine 16.Hamamelis virginiana. lady's6. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp.-John'swort 17.Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon thyme 10. witch hazel 18.Viburnum cassinoides.Melissa officinalis. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.
Although this is not a large garden. It is. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. however. < previous page page_28 next page > . The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. lilac. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. box. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. the shrubsyew. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. However. holly. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Germander is a proper edging here. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Mentha requienii. 26. Myrrhis odorata.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. gray sage savory 14. lilac 45. dwarf crested iris 39.Chamaemelum nobile.Salvia leucophylla.Santolina chamaecyparissus. crimson creeping thyme 31. white hyssop 4.Myrtus communis.Ruta graveolens. Viola odorata. santolina alpine pink 28.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Santolina pinnata 34. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. green 27.Artemisia frigida. 32.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. orris 38. germander 36. white creeping thyme 37. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 21.Satureja montana. 23.Salvia sclarea. mantle chamomile 5.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Anemone pulsatilla. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. Simkins'.Artemisia camphorata. broom 40. fringed wormwood 16. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Thymus praecox subsp. clary 30.Syringa patula. Alchemilla vulgaris. arcticus 'Albus'.Eloise & Jo Ray.Comptonia peregrina.Santolina virens. sweet violet 19.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. blue horehound hyssop 3. 12. red creeping thyme 10.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Cytisus supinus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. cottage pink 2. Corsican 24. dwarf privet 48. lamb'sears 35. alpine strawberry 8. prostrate rosemary 13.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus praecox subsp.Stachys byzantina.Borago officinalis.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Iris × germanica var. 9.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. florentina. Japanese yew 44. Japanese holly 47. Heliotropium arborescens. mint silver mound artemisia 25. lady's. 1. columnal yew 43. rue 6. Thymus praecox subsp.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. woolly thyme 7.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. shrubby cinquefoil 46. Marrubium vulgare. fraxinella 33. classic myrtle 15.Hyssopus officinalis.20. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . sweet albula. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf box 41. winter 29. 18.Dictamnus albus.Iris cristata.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet cicely17. Japanese holly 42. lavender 22.
and one has an inset for a garden seat. a cutting garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. as is true here in the vegetable garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. the center of interest for the herb garden. an herb garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. This hedge. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. and a vegetable garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. a running bond pattern. while adding to the enclosure of the area. Other paths are brick. < previous page page_30 next page > .
.L.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. A. Landscape Architect.A.
52. dill wishbone flower 5. 55.Pelargonium in variety.Salvia sclarea.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. summer 34. 32.Galium odoratum. Achillea taygetea. sweet marjoram 45.Hyssopus officinalis.Magnolia virginiana. plantain lily 2.Santolina virens. yellow epimedium 15. French thyme 7. 14. double white peony of-Persia 12.Helleborus niger.Polystichum acrostichoides.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 1.Allium christophii.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. blue 27.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Satureja hortensis.Origanum majorana. fraxinella 26.Satureja montana. statice Solemacher'. green santolina 42. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Hemerocallis × luteola.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Salvia officinalis. sweet 51. pale 28.Ribes alpinum.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Origanum heracleoticum. white 'Bouquet'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. 47. French tarragon 8. winter savory 44. Campanula persicifolia. sativa. York-andLancaster rose 16. cottage pink French'. yellow 24. 50.Stachys byzantina.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. 22.Artemisia dracunculus var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Dictamnus albus. lamb's-ears 49. candytuft Standard'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Petroselinum crispum var. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Thymus × citriodorus.Rosa damascena savory crispum. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Lilium candidum. bush basil 41. germander 39. verbena rose chive 11. helenium 4. yellow 35.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. alpine strawberry 3.Ocimum basilicum 54.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Aquilegia chrysantha.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. purple basil Japanese holly 17. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. starsMaxima'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. lemon 29. blue hyssop 43. Louise'. Rosmarinus officinalis. clary 46. Christmas 48. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Chrysanthemum × superbum. lavender 18.Aloysia triphylla.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Digitalis grandiflora. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Limonium latifolium. Anethum graveolens 23. blue iris 9. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 37. Stokes' aster 31.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Stokesia laevis. lemon thyme 40. 53. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . garden sage 56.
An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. While serving as a soil retainer. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. a retaining wall or walls are needed. as in this case. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. < previous page page_32 next page > . A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden.
A.Aloysia triphylla.R.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon verbena 46.45.Viola odorata.Thymus × citriodorus. bee balm 24. 42. lady's43. 21. Monarda didyma.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Iris pseudacorus. Melissa officinalis. Borago officinalis. Ocimum basilicum. borage 26. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet 23.Galium odoratum. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. spearmint 41. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. lemon 22. English 44.Tanacetum vulgare var. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. lamb's25. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. crispum. .A.Iris cristata. Landscape Architect. 1.Alchemilla vulgaris.Lavandula angustifolia. F. The number in each planting area is the key number. Stachys byzantina.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Mentha spicata. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.
curly parsley oak 17.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ruta graveolens. 57. orange mint 29. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Foeniculum vulgare. dill 34.Origanum majorana. Egyptian onion 11.Nepeta cataria.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Cornus florida. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. savory sativa. absinthe English thyme 27. Porrum Group. 37.Artemisia abrotanum. summer 32. citrata. 56.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. southernwood 31. post crispum 'Banquet'. Proliferum Group. Greek 53. rue 51. myrtle 58. carpet bugleweed 8. Rosmarinus officinalis. polyantha rose 12.Artemisia dracunculus var.Dianthus caryophyllus. pink hawthorn 16. mullein chive 47.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Crataegus arkansana.Capsicum frutescens. horehound neapolitanum.7.Petroselinum crispum var. pineapple38. catnip 50.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum heracleoticum.Anethum graveolens.Rosa × rehderana. tabasco senna pepper 20.Elaeagnus pungens.Artemisia absinthium. sweet marjoram 28. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Allium ampeloprasum.Quercus stellata. salad burnet 10.Salvia officinalis. clove 55.Verbascum thapsus. pennyroyal 54. 40.Allium tuberosum. leek 49. garlic chive 48. 52.Marrubium vulgare.Satureja hortensis.Mentha pulegium.Cassia marilandica. Poterium sanguisorba. wild 39.Salvia elegans. Ajuga reptans.Allium cepa. flowering dogwood 15. fennel 35. rosemary 9.Allium sativum.Petroselinum crispum var.Mentha × piperita var. 33. curly mint 30. French tarragon holly 13. garden sage 36.Vinca minor.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .
The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. mothproofing bags. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. However. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. sleep pillows. and vinegars. Although this is a northeast exposure. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. but it is more than adequate for potpourri.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. < previous page page_34 next page > . Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather.
Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .
tansy 16. rue 26. sativa.Hyssopus officinalis . crispum. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. 49. 23. American rosemary arborvitae 34. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Lactuca.Artemisia abrotanum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 1.Valeriana officinalis. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lemon verbena 36. French tarragon 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage 2. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Salvia officinalis. daylily in variety 41. bee balm 30. costmary 5. southernwood 9.Agastache foeniculum.Tropaeolum minus.Mentha spicata. Hallock'. burnet lovage 6. dwarf nasturtium 37.Pelargonium × limoneum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium pulchellum 47. peppermint geranium 40. pot 28. nutmeg geranium 39.Allium cepa. lemon 18.Levisticum officinale.Hemerocallis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium sphaerocephalum. lily leek 44.Laurus nobilis. Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 7.Allium sativum var.Thuja occidentalis. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Allium moly.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. 'Monge'.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium fragrans.Alchemilla vulgaris.Melissa officinalis. lemon 31. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Monarda didyma. anise hyssop 14. Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive 43.Calendula officinalis. 50.Ocimum basilicum 27. 19.Tsuga canadensis. salad 22.Tanacetum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. winter 29.Pelargonium graveolens. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Galium odoratum.Salvia oficinalis.Iris × germanica var. purple basil sage 11.Rumex scutatus. Artemisia pontica. 'President Poincare'. orris 17. round-headed garlic 46. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Salvia elegans. 24. lettuce in variety 25.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. lilac 32. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. blue hyssop 35. bay 48. Petroselinum crispum var.The number in each planting area is the key number. Proliferum Group.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. garden 'Purpurascens'. Roman 20. 21. Poterium sanguisorba. Egyptian onion 42.Satureja montana. florentina. balm valerian 15. Ruta graveolens.
is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. < previous page page_36 next page > . Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Invasive. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A simple knot.
Sempervivum tectorum. salad burnet 23. foxglove 4. 1.Foeniculum vulgare. Valeriana officinalis.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Poterium sanguisorba. sativa. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Monarda didyma.Satureja hortensis. summer savory 43. golden thyme . dwarf winter savory 2. Satureja montana 'Nana'. valerian 5. French tarragon 44. Digitalis purpurea. horehound 46.Marrubium vulgare. thyme 3. pineapplescented sage 47.Armeria maritima.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. white thrift 24.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia elegans. fennel 25. bee balm 26. houseleek 45. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. pineapple mint 22.
English 52.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis. 39.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Ruta graveolens. sweet 50. Isatis tinctoria. 54. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. dwarf edging box 21.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. annual clary 51. garden 42. sweet 37. viper's 34. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. angelica Lenten rose 10.Chrysanthemum 36.Lilium candidum. Salvia sclarea.Teucrium chamaedrys.Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. pink 62. blue hyssop 57.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lavender Christmas rose 11.Ocimum basilicum.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. China rose comfrey 19. yellow 41.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. 38.Levisticum officinale. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. Dictamnus albus.Symphytum officinale. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. marigold chive 15. Angelica archangelica.Galium verum. skirret 60. feverfew climbing rose 16. 61.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Myrrhis odorata.Hyssopus officinalis. dyer's woad 7. 40.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Salvia officinalis. winter bugloss 'Albus'. sweet 32.Echium vulgare.Rosa eglanteria. absinthe 53.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. sweet basil sage 27.Salvia viridis. pot 35. pink 59. rue 31. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Helleborus niger.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Rosa chinensis.Crocus sativus.Sium sisarum.Agrimonia eupatoria.Laurus nobilis.Anemone pulsatilla. 33.Galium odoratum. Madonna cicely lily 12.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum majorana.6. fraxinella 8. clary 48.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Alchemilla vulgaris. parthenium. French'. germander 56. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Allium schoenoprasum. rosemary 28.Eranthis hyemalis. 30.Helleborus orientalis. white 58. arcticus 55.
Thought needs to be given to their pruning. There is variety in this plan. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. even though space is limited. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. and the shagbark hickory. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. < previous page page_38 next page > . However. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Carya ovata.
Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .
bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. box Buxus sempervirens. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. angelica Mondarda didyma. dogwood Salvia sclarea. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. germander Agastache foeniculum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens.Arisaema triphyllum. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. box Ruta graveolens. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia.Galium verum. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. French Galium odoratum. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. green santolina Primula veris. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. Asarum canadense. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. sativa. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. box Carya ovata. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. Adiantum pedatum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. bee balm Melissa officinalis. borage Petroselinum crispum. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. Aloysia triphylla. Poterium sanguisorba. Canada Isatis tinctoria. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. chive Ilex opaca. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. sweet basil Satureja montana. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. lamb's. valerian Rosa damascena. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. red mint . Artemisia absinthium. rue Cornusflorida. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Marrubium vulgare. flax Buxus sempervirens. stewardsonii. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. citrata.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. is on a sandy knoll. a dipping pool there. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. it is open on the side facing the house. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. this excavation. first intended for the construction of a cottage. too. unplanned look was desired. A clump of birch here. However. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. An informal. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. < previous page page_40 next page > . A singular statue of St. For this appearance. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Digitalis purpurea. pot 66. fern-leaf tansy 23. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. winter savory 20. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Digitalis grandiflora. Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia elegans. wild 43. 64. Sempervivum tectorum. orange geranium 11. feverfew 27. marsh 42.Achillea tomentosa.Ocimum basilicum.Myrrhis odorata. 53.Consolida orientalis.Allium schoenoprasum. 34.Pelargonium tomentosum. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. pennyroyal 46.Mentha pulegium.Coriandrum sativum. wild 51.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Origanum majorana. horehound mallow foxglove 16. rose bergamot valerian 25.Angelica archangelica.Satureja montana. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 76. peppermint 47. garden sage lungwort 57.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Salvia officinalis.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Mentha × gentilis. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. mint 50. 8.The number in each planting area is the key number.Althaea officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. red mint 48.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Stachys byzantina.Rosa 'Merry England'.Valeriana officinalis.Satureja hortensis.Tanacetum vulgare var. bee balm .Chrysanthemum balsamita. thrift55. French'.Artemisia abrotanum. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. Thymus × citriodorus. 79. 33.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. white birch English lavender parthenium. 38. myrtle 14.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Origanum onites. 32.Chelidonium majus. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. golden 37.Origanum vulgare. 78.Pelargonium graveolens. 60.Petroselinum crispum. 69. 68.Teucrium canadense. 31.Poterium sanguisorba. 61. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Vinca minor. Johnny-jump-up54.Pelargonium quercifolium. creeping juniper 26. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Allium favum lovage 22. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Ruta graveolens. Iris × germanica var. rue 29. woolly thyme 13. 70.Glechoma hederacea. lemon balm 44. 52.Nepeta cataria. rose geranium 10. 75.Monarda fistulosa. gray scented sage santolina 4.Monarda didyma. apple mint 49. purple basil 9. pineapple3. 1. celandine cicely 18. 72. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Marrubium vulgare. spearmint 45. blue 2. 58.Mentha × piperita.Melissa officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. 77. 30. chive crispum.Levisticum officinale. catnip 73.Anethum graveolens. 65.Armeria maritima. 74.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 12.Chrysanthemum 80.Mentha suaveolens. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Santolina florentina.Convallaria majalis. 67.Pelargonium denticulatum.Anthriscus cerefolium.Pelargonium odoratissimum. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 59. sweet 71.Pelargonium crispum. sea onion angelica 24. 36.Urginea maritima. Artemisia dracunculusvar. orris chamaecyparissus.Thymus herba-barona. 63. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Betula papyrifera. 'Prostratus'.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Viola tricolor.Ajuga reptans.Hyssopus officinalis. lemon 35.
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< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. the same as the smokehouse construction. and the two small trees. Because of the edging box. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. the accents of the six large box. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. < previous page page_42 next page > . A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. is used for the wall. making it more a part of the herb garden. Foundation stone.
S.A.L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect. . A.
47.Lilium candidum. Satureja hortensis. purple basil sativa.Allium schoenoprasum.Myrrhis odorata.Galium odoratum.Angelica archangelica.Mentha × piperita. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Corsican 33. 1. 31.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum.Allium giganteum. sweet 26. English 'Minimum'.Crataegus laevigata.Ocimum basilicum 32. verbena English thyme 5. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Levisticum officinale.Buxus sempervirens. 'Purpurascens'. 41. Ocimum basilicum 24. Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha × piperita var. box 'Citriodorum'. lemon 34.Artemisia abrotanum.Ocimum basilicum 30. crownbasil savory imperial 11. summer 25.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet marjoram 2.Artemisia frigida. 21.Tanacetum vulgare var. Asarum europaeum. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. fraxinella 17.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Symphytum officinale. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Fritillaria imperialis.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. bee balm 29.Artemisia dracunculus var.Pulmonaria officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Prunus domestica. orange mint 19.Crocus. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely45. 22. Lavandula angustifolia. European ginger 4.Mentha requienii.The number in each planting area is the key number. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Mentha spicata. balm citrata. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. 27.Chrysanthemum 28. sweet 37. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. lovage 46.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. species in variety crispum. Dictamnus albus. Origanum majorana. white 23. blue angelica lungwort 20. lemon basil 15. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Viola tricolor. dwarf edging box 14. 40.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. lemon 36. lady's. 44. spearmint 48.Satureja montana. 35. balsamita. rosemary 3. winter 42.38. pineapple mint 18. fringed 43. 39.Melissa officinalis.
Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. too. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. the dwarf box edging.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. pink of Dianthus. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. a soil retainer. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. This is true also of the stone curbing. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. This hedge. two specimen shrubs. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Lowgrowing. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Instead. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. although it is ample at four feet. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. The dipping bowl. < previous page page_44 next page > . Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden.
. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L.S.A. A.
Stachys byzantina. 51. 43.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Crocus tomasinianus. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.The number in each planting area is the key number. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 36. lemon 33.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Santolina virens.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. sweet 55.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. tulip citrata. American 38. 44. 'Lanuginosus'. thyme 29.Mentha spicata. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. Compactus'. black cohosh windflower 15.Ocimum basilicum.Leucojum aestivum.Crocus angustifolius. 52.Hamamelis virginiana. gray 22. lamb's-ears 28.Dicentra spectabilis. 26. white 42.Borago officinalis. sweet 47.Allium christophii.Nepeta mussinii. 61. orange mint 8. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lilium candidum. 1.Cimicifuga racemosa.Satureja montana.Pelargonium in variety. verbena snowflake 19. angel's-tears 59. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. spearmint 48.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. 50. marjoram crocus 7.Helleborus niger.Crocus speciosus. 56. green santolina 37. 53. angustifolia 'Nana'.Thymus × citriodorus. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. winter savory 39.Galium odoratum. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Galanthus nivalis. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. arcticus 30. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Crocus kotschyanus.Myrica pensylvanica. 40. lemon 60. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. prostrate rosemary 18. rue25. Salvia officinalis. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Mentha × piperita. caraway thyme albus. borage 31.57. 20.Helleborus lividus subsp. lily. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Angelica archangelica. Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia sclarea.Thymus praecox subsp.Narcissus triandrus var. Thymus doerfleri. 58.Sternbergia lutea.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Digitalis grandiflora. golden thyme41.Convallaria majalis. Origanum majorana.Heliotropium arborescens. catmint 35. 45. Madonna 63. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium canadense. 46.Tulipa kaufmanniana. 2.Pelargonium in variety. 54.Levisticum officinale.Tulipa clusiana.Mentha × piperita var.Thymus herba-barona.Allium giganteum angelica 11. Spanish bluebell 16.Anemone blanda.Aloysia triphylla.Narcissus asturiensis. 17. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. clary 32. sweet 27.Mertensia virginica. 49.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. arcticus 34.
The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. First. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. The results have been most satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Morning sun warms it early.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Second.
leek 46. clary thyme 22.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.Allium neapolitanum. A. wild celery 42. French tarragon 5. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. lemon 21. absinthe sativa.Crocus sieberi.Allium ampeloprasum. woolly thyme 3.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Porrum Group.Salvia sclarea.Apium graveolens. tulip 45. Artemisia absinthium 24. 25. Landscape Architect. Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum. Origanum heracleoticum.Tulipa tarda. 1. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. marigold 41.A.L.Artemisia lactiflora.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Artemisia dracunculus var. Thymus × citriodorus. 26. sweet basil 23.S. English thyme 43. Beauty'. . garden sage 4.Salvia officinalis. 'Lambrook Silver'. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crocus 44.
Stachys byzantina. American marjoram Yellow'. Viola odorata.Malus hupehensis. clematis 11.Clematis 'Mrs. dogwood 19. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. catmint 53.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Artemisia camphorata.Asclepias tuberosa.foxglove 7. 56. viola holly 18.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Dictamnus albus.Cornus florida. alpine 28.Dianthus × allwoodii.Santolina virens. great 31. butterfly 47. curly parsley 20. Lavandula angustifolia. 54.Digitalis grandiflora. 8.Achillea filipendula 60.Allium schoenoprasum. lovage 34. sweet 37.Aloysia triphylla. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Crataegus phaenopyrum. white evergreen azalea 16.Nepeta × faassenii.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. red currant gray santolina 13. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. 29. 58.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Aconitum napellus.Hyssopus officinalis.Ilex opaca. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Petroselinum crispum var.Levisticum officinale.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. pink 30.Lobelia siphilitica. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. lobelia Sherbert'. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Allium senescens var. 32.Santolina chamaecyparissus. yellow 55.Rosmarinus officinalis. Robert verbena Brydon'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. weed chive 48. pale 49. fraxinella 36. monkshood upright yew 17. green 40.Origanum majorana. lemon 50. blue 38.Ipomoea alba.Galium mollugo.Ribes sativum. 39. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Tropaeolum minus. American elderberry 15. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . lamb's-ears 52.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
an impression of Sol in it. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. are raised with bricks on edge. Well-drained as they are. repeats again the octagonal form. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. A birdbath of copper. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. even though the growing area is not extensive.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The four herb beds. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > .
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. prostrate rosemary 34. lemon 41. Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears 17. gray 'Prince of Orange'. variegated garden sage 37. silver mound artemisia 8.Petroselinum crispum var.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. English thyme horehound 2.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha spicata. sweet basil 22. golden variegated garden sage 38.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. orange santolina geranium 11. peppermint 4.Marrubium vulgare. Artemisia absinthium.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. 28. dill 18. spearmint southernwood 5. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Joan E.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. sativa. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia officinalis.Allium tuberosum. 27. angustifolia. Anethum graveolens. rosemary 33.Heliotropium arborescens. catmint 6. Semple.Aloysia triphylla. bush basil 23.Pelargonium crispum. 1.Pelargonium tomentosum. clary 21. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. white creeping thyme 12. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Pelargonium denticulatum. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Artemisia dracunculus var. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Ruta graveolens.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha × piperita. 42.Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. lemon 39. 16.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula dentata. lavender 15. Artemisia abrotanum. clove pink 10.Pelargonium graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia sclarea. curly parsley 32.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. purple variegated garden sage 36. lavender pine geranium chive 13. 43. Galium odoratum.Santolina 25. French tarragon 7. French 26. 29. crispum. curly mint 3.Ocimum basilicum. purple basil 24.Allium schoenoprasum. absinthe 20. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue 35.Thymus praecox subsp. 19. thyme salad burnet 40.Nepeta mussinii.Poterium sanguisorba.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. sweet woodruff 9. lemon 30. heliotrope 31.
this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. rose geranium. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. a toolhouse. too. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. A birdbath may replace the pool. if neither is available.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. A suitable fence. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. lemon verbena. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. and lantana are a few. < previous page page_52 next page > . rose. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Thymus praecox subsp. fern-leaf tansy 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet santolina marjoram 6. geranium 16. crispum.Santolina virens. 9. rosescented geranium 17. Landscape Architect.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Chenopodium botrys. lemon thyme 20. verbena ambrosia 4.Aloysia triphylla. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium frutetorum. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 1.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. white creeping thyme 2. woolly thyme 15. 13. lavender 3.Thymus × citriodorus.Chamaemelum nobile. absinthe 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Origanum majorana. Thymus praecox subsp. 7. gray santolina chamomile 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Heliotropium arborescens.L. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. heliotrope 21. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bush basil 5.Artemisia absinthium 11.A. The number in each planting area is the key number. zonal geranium 19.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.S. lemon 10.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Tanacetum vulgare var. A. green 12. arcticus 'Albus'. zonal geranium 18.
and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. artemisias. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. apothecary's rose.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. box. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. mints. The dwarf box frames the focal point. but the design itself has endured forty years. These can easily obliterate a design. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Box and holly enclose it all. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. a sundial. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. the design is clearly traced. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Angelica. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. As the snows melt. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. a deep mauve to others. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > .
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
sweet European ginger cicely 3. pot bergamot marjoram 7. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lady's-mantle 46. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Lilium candidum. blue 50. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. valerian 6. bronze 64. daffodil 17. Origanum majorana. weld 54. sweet 27.Armeria maritima.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Alchemilla alpina. winter savory 32. wild 52. piney 44.Stachys byzantina. gray 37. 65. leaf geranium French lavender 8.47. 48. Santolina virens.Santolina neapolitana 36.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. lamb's-ears 33.Syringa. butterfly weed35. apothecary's rose lavender 20. white 66. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 56.Helleborus orientalis.Arisaema dracontium. lilac 70. yew Beauty'.Lavandula angustifolia.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Monarda fistulosa. white dead 49.Asarum europaeum.Origanum onites.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. orris box 22.Melissa officinalis.Reseda luteola. 58.Alchemilla vulgaris.63. sweet woodruff45.Symphytum officinale.James D.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Thymus praecox subsp. Chamaemelum nobile.Astrantia major.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Allium schoenoprasum.Asclepias tuberosa. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Pulmonaria officinalis. arcticus 39.Helleborus niger.Vitis. white creeping thyme French'.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. florentina. southernwood 2.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. skirret 53.Santolina chamaecyparissus.30.Thymus praecox subsp. fern-leaf tansy 5.Myrrhis odorata. masterwort 69. Canadian burnet 13. Rosmarinus officinalis.Perillafrutescens. thrift 41. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Pyrus communis.Teucrium chamaedrys. alpine 60. 55.Sempervivum tectorum. green santolina 24. scented. blue hyssop 42. crimson creeping thyme 18.Thymus praecox subsp. Satureja montana.Paeonia officinalis. French thyme Madonna lily 16. absinthe 34. perilla 51. 26. arcticus 38.Sedum telephium.Hyssopus officinalis. clove pink 29. Dianthus caryophyllus. 67.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. germander 43. garden sage Christmas rose 10. 62. marjoram lungwort crispum.Buxus sempervirens.Taxus. feverfew 14.Isatis tinctoria. 59.Tanacetum vulgare var.Iris × germanica var.Valeriana officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. green.Sium sisarum.Galium odoratum. orris 57. arcticus 40.Lavandula dentata. 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dyer's woad 9.Artemisia camphorata.Artemisia absinthium. Pelargonium in variety. Tropaeolum majus. rue 23. dwarf edging box 21. rosemary 25.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. nasturtium 28. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. Graham. grape fennel 19.Lamium album. chamomile 31. 1.
The large. However. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. pink. Rosa 'Albertine'. include this one. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. < previous page page_56 next page > . on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. In addition to the brick edging around each. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. rising from the courtyard.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. If there is room for only one rambler rose. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. but no panacea for the maintenance required. They are small specialty beds. with buds of red. At the top of the steps. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together.
23. rhubarb 2. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus × citriodorus. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. subsp. Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 22.Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. Angelica archangelica. English thyme . foxglove 39. lavender 4.Satureja montana. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Borago officinalis.Rheum rhabarbarum. winter savory 41. caraway 24. garden sage 40. alpine strawberry 3. tansy Bois'. Carum carvi. angelica 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon balm 42. bush basil 43. 1.
French'. musk rose 12.R.Chrysanthemum 46. 31.Dianthus Victoria'. silver 27. 29. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . Consolida ambigua. Hyssopus officinalis.Chenopodium 55.'Baronne Prevost'. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.sativa.Salvia elegans.R. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. Mexican tea 18.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis.Mentha × piperita var.Lavandula dentata. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. sweet 37.Allium schoenoprasum. 54.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. geranium in 30. French 33. thyme frutescens. curly parsley 26. pineapple34.R. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.R.R. centifolia.Chrysanthemum. 35. 45. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. pot 50. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Anethum graveolens 47. citrata. rose 28. blue hyssop 25.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Laurus nobilis. Pelargonium graveolens. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. centifolia var. 56. muscosa 15.R.R. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.R.6. cheddar pink 53.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Teucrium chamaedrys. 36. 49. var. Irish-lace 48.'Albertine'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Petroselinum crispum var.Tagetes filifolia. bourbon rose 10. marguerite chive 9. centifolia 'Cristata'. clove pink Mammoth'.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Marrubium vulgare. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. prostrate rosemary 16. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Aloysia triphylla.Calendula officinalis.Pelargonium. salad 7. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Artemisia dracunculus 44. lemon 51.
< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Laid in an unusual pattern. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. as it should be. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. It is near the house. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. < previous page page_58 next page > . Balance is augmented.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
gray 15.Origanum majorana.A.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The number in each planting area is the key number.Anethum graveolens. 1. white creeping thyme 4.Satureja hortensis. santolina moss rose 7.Lucile Teeter Kissack. blue hyssop 13.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. 23.Ocimum basilicum.Myosotis sylvatica. English thyme signet marigold 11. 24.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Albus'. green 22. Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. Landscape Architect.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.L.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. rosemary yellow viola 10. 16. angustifolia 'Munstead'. dill 9. lavender 2.S.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Hyssopus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla. English'. chive lemon verbena 6. 19. 21. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . dwarf edging box 8. A.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. sweet basil 14.Salvia officinalis. double white peony 5. 17. heliotrope 3.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. 20.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.
the fence with roses. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. and the grape arbor.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. Herbs. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and a comfortable. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. potted lemon verbena. winter pruned. The grape vines. < previous page page_60 next page > . too.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Nepeta mussinii. 3. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. sweet climbing rose. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I .Connecticut Vera Breed. BED II germander BED IV 2. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. lemon Linum perenne. marsh climbing rose.Amsonia tabernaemontana. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Teucrium chamaedrys. purple variegated garden sage 4. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Valeriana officinalis. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lovage Myrrhis odorata. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. three. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. conical yew rosemary 1. Althaea officinalis. Iris cristata. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Aloysia triphylla. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Stachys byzantina. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Galium odoratum. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.
Thymus × citriodorus. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. creeping thyme in variety 8. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. catmint 5. Sempervivum. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. houseleek in variety 7. beach Marrubium vulgare. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Thymus. angustifolia 'Munstead'. fairy rose Giant'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. tuberosa 6. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon Anemone hybrida. Delphinium × belladonna. lavender 10. plume Baptisia australis. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Chamaemelum nobile. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Rosmarinus officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lemon thyme 9.
Herbs. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . planted in bands across these beds. tend to broaden the width of the garden. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. holly. this was replaced with ''edging" box. blue green. Either it flourished too well. grew too large. if desired. Ivy. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. and bright green in the herb beds. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Another angle could be tried with these. myrtle. Later. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. magnolia. its detail is shown below. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. silver. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
Laurus nobilis.Poterium sanguisorba.Tanacetum vulgare.Pelargonium fragrans. Borago officinalis. sweet 34.Rumex scutatus. purple garden sage 7.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. caraway thyme 40. lemon 29.Myrica pensylvanica.Artemisia dracunculus var.Vinca minor. 1. bush basil albula. lemon 46. borage 26.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 25.Magnolia grandiflora. Ocimum basilicum 24. thyme 37.Pelargonium × nervosum. 44.Lavandula angustifolia. woolly thyme 8.Levisticum officinale. bayberry balm thyme 13.19. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. French 27. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . white creeping thyme 41.Marrubium vulgare. winter 'Purpurascens'. silver-king artemisia 23. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. Ruta graveolens.Thymus 'Argenteus'. spearmint 42.Mentha spicata. thyme 38. French thyme 39.Buxus sempervirens 14.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus carnosus. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 6. tansy 45. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. ears rose geranium 3.Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Minimum'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. 49. 28.Artemisia ludoviciana var. myrtle 47. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. English'. box chamaecyparissus. Stachys byzantina. 33. lime geranium 4. rue 20.Thymus doerfleri. English ivy burnet 10. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. English thyme chamomile 2.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. American holly 31.Thymus herba-barona. dwarf edging box 11. horehound germander 17. lovage 48. gray santolina 15.Hedera helix. arcticus 'Albus'. Tropaeolum minus. bay rosemary 12.Mentha suaveolens. sweet woodruff 36.Galium odoratum.Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Origanum majorana.Thymus × citriodorus.Ilex opaca. purple basil savory 35. dwarf 21.Thymus praecox subsp. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. Ocimum basilicum 22. bee balm30. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. salad 43.Satureja montana. lamb's.
Laurus nobilis. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. and treessome of which are espaliered. The four potted bay. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. The use of flagstone. It is a large garden. accent this prime focal point even more. adding to the space for walking. It is located for the best viewing. There is variety in the walks. too. too. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. maypoles. potted shrubs. standards. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. < previous page page_64 next page > . and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. brick.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.
quercifolium.Nigella damascena. 1.50. fragrans.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .Chrysanthemum balsamita.P.P. Johnny-jump. 51.Chenopodium botrys. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. love-in. wild 28. winter 27. pot 52.53.acerifolium. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. 26. 25. musty oakscented geranium 5. lemon 29.P.Calendula officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus.odoratissimum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Viola tricolor.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Satureja montana.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.P. 49. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.
P. lemon 47. classic 21.Allium schoenoprasum. orange geranium 23.72. glutinosum.P.6. crispum 'Minor'. arcticus43. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Laurus nobilis. crowfoot 70. dill 36. lettuce 39. English lavender 32. golden lemon thyme 7.Aloysia triphylla. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Salvia caerulea.Forsythia. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. garden sage 54. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. graveolens. radens 'Dr. parsley 35. horehound 46.Malus. Chamaemelum nobile. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon-rose geranium 22.Livingston'. lemon southernwood geranium 34. rose geranium66.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Viola odorata.Marrubium vulgare.P.Myrtus communis. bronze 38.P. bee balm 63.Origanum majorana.P. wild thyme 31. white sweet yarrow violet 13. crispum. lettuce 40. pine crispum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. lemon geranium 56.Pelargonium crispum.P.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma.Mentha.Foeniculum vulgare.P.Tanacetum vulgare var. Rosmarinus officinalis. 62.P. camphor-scented geranium 69.Poncirus trifoliata.Achilleafilipendula.Malus angustifolia. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon balm 45. tomentosum. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Poterium sanguisorba. 44. fern-leaf 60.P.Mentha pulegium. white creeping thyme geranium 68. pheasant's.Petroselinum crispum. lemon 65.Acorus calamus. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. 58. 41.Anethum graveolens.P. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . graveolens 'Camphor sativa. denticulatum. 64. 57. 61. peppermint 67.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P. cherry tomato chive 17.Allium senescens var.Melissa officinalis.× nervosum. salad 42.Levisticum officinale. chamomile 8. forsythia 'Albus'. blue hyssop 10. lime geranium 55. lemon geranium 33. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. sweet 37.Thymus serpyllum.Artemisia abrotanum. denticulatum 11. radens. 71.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Salvia officinalis. box 19. strawberry 48. bay 20.Thymus praecox subsp.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.P.Fragaria vesca.Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum dictamnus. rosemary 9. French tarragon Rose'. sweet flag 16.P. Hyssopus officinalis.
This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. too. < previous page page_66 next page > . The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. In keeping with this feeling. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. green santolina. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The result is one of sculptured elegance. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This is a large garden by any standard. and Allium karataviense.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Salvia officinalis. dwarf garden 17.Thymus praecox subsp.Florence B. wormwood fennel 2.Hyssopus officinalis. Mentha suaveolens. 15. big blue lilyturf 12. winter savory 9. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium christophii. blue hyssop 16. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . Santolina virens.Levisticum officinale. 8. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Liriope muscari. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. gray 10.Satureja montana.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. apple mint 13.Salvia officinalis. chive 4. Artemisia dracunculus var.Santolina chamaecyparissus. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Allium moly. lemon 11.Foeniculum vulgare. fringed 7.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium sativa.Artemisia frigida. green santolina 14. arcticus. Baker. garden sage 18. 1.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
for the box after new spring growth. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. and the front porch of the house. the upper deck. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the circle. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Many herb gardens could provide this. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. < previous page page_70 next page > . Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the square. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
Italian cypress 9.Satureja montana. dwarf edging box 7.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. viola 3. 1. lavender 5. winter savory 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.The number in each planting area is the key number. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Cupressus sempervirens. dwarf myrtle 6. lemon 8.Cedrus deodara.Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.
Coin with Tudor rose design. Roses. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Paths are gravel. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design.. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. from Peter Coats. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. as it was with this plan. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > .
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Anemone pulsatilla.Rosmarinus officinalis.Fragaria vesca. English pasqueflower primrose 14.The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus serpyllum. Hyssopus officinalis. absinthe peppermint 8.Iris pseudacorus. chamomile 4. sweet marjoram 3. spearmint 30. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. oxlip 17. yellow flag 26. winter 32. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Bellis perennis. rue 33. English daisy 36.Fumaria officinalis. 25. lettuce 28.Mentha spicata.Ruta graveolens. 34. lemon balm 31. clove20.Crithmum maritimum. 22. Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita.Buxus sempervirens. Dianthus caryophyllus. earth 24. Foeniculum vulgare. rosemary 16.Myrtus communis.Viola odorata.Poterium sanguisorba. 1. Malva sylvestris.Aconitum napellus. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. parsley 29.Primula vulgaris. classic myrtle 18.Lilium candidum. fennel 21. saffron lily crocus 12. salad burnet 10. sweet violet 6. monkshood27. caraway 35.Crocus sativus. wild thyme 5.Carum carvi. mallow 13.Viola tricolor.Primula elatior.Petroselinum crispum. Eryngium maritimum.Satureja montana.Calendula officinalis. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . Madonna 23.Lactuca sativa. blue hyssop 2. 19.Lavandula angustifolia. pot marigold 15.Melissa officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile.
silver mound. white blooms and woolly." Concrete blocks.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. However. but Always Love. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. Selected for this reason. along with a measure of fragrance. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. spurred. its tufted. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. white. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. most of the blooms are nightscented. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. plumed. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > .
Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Galium odoratum. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. 1.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. pink 15. Stachys byzantina. 'Albus'. white 32. white .Lilium candidum. silver mound artemisia 3. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Dictamnus albus. horehound 2. Thymus 'Argenteus'.19. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. sweet 31.Galanthus nivalis. Santolina chamaecyparissus. silver 16.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Marrubiam vulgare. 17. lamb's. petunia 30.
tulip 37. tuberose 36.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. orris 8. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.21. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Artemisia ludoviciana.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. Adam's.Chrysanthemum parthenium. white stock absinthe 10. white 27. 23. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . albula.Malus 'Guiding Star'. moonflower 39. clary 24.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Polianthes tuberosa. 28. Artemisia lactiflora.6.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. white 22.Hesperis matronalis.Artemisia stellerana.Matthiola incana. sweet violet 20. daffodil 35. western mugwort 7. rose 41.Iris × germanica var. 25. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Salvia sclarea. Viola odorata. Yucca filamentosa.Artemisia ludoviciana var. tulip 38. Artemisia absinthium.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. rose 40. lavender 12.Ipomoea alba. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Lunaria annua. 26. dame's honesty rocket 14.Convallaria majalis. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. needle florentina.
A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Many of these herbs lack the hues. < previous page page_76 next page > . related to an old mill reconstruction. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. textures. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. too. This herb garden. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. required their use as an educational adjunct. Rather. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
48. 22.Convallaria majalis.38. black-eyed 50.Rhus typhina.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 26. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Polygonum hydropiperoides. 32.Hydrastis canadensis.Anchusa officinalis.Mahonia aquifolium.Viburnum acerifolium.Anthemis tinctoria. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Rudbeckia hirta. French 33. stinging nettle44. privet marigold 15.Coreopsis tinctoria.Galium verum. 28.Galium odoratum. Sansevieria trifasciata.Hypericum perforatum. Abutilon theophrasti.Tagetes patula. 35.Rumex obtusifolius. yellow 55.. peach bracken sorrel 19.Reseda luteola. 23. Musa textilis.Cytisus scoparius.Genista germanica. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. 29. 1. Linum usitatissimum. fuller's 30.Coptis trifolia. sumac poke 17.Vaccinium angustifolium var. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Phytolacca americana. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Rumex acetosa. onion China jute 4. sisal 27.Berberis vulgaris.46. Manila 25.Dipsacus sativus. saffron crocus marguerite 3. ramie 24. blueberry 13.Parmelia conspersa. dyer's 31.Tagetes erecta.Pteridium aquilinum. Hibiscus cannabinus. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. alkanet 52.Furcraea hexapetala. 47.Agrimonia eupatoria. golden 40. 20.Ligustrum vulgare.Prunus persica.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 53. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Filipendula ulmaria. lily.Sanguinaria canadensis. flax 21. African 45.Chelidonium majus. dyer's broom safflower 6.Crocus sativus.Solidago species. 39. woad Susan laevifolium. goldthread 41. 37.Indigofera tinctoria. 43.Rubia tinctorum. Agave fourcroydes.Monarda didyma. Scotch broom hemp 7. sweet 49.Isatis tinctoria. Agave sisalana.Morus rubra or alba. madder 54. garden 56. Gossypium hirsutum. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. Boehmeria nivea. bee 36.51. barberry teasel woodruff 12. broad 42. queen. St.Carthamus tinctorius. weld 57.Cladrastis lutea.Allium cepa. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Genista tinctoria.Urtica dioica.Cotinus coggygria. 34.
by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. as well as the roses. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. < previous page page_78 next page > . It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. A totally appealing edging. Elsewhere. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. at each end of the garden and at each entrance.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Alfred de Rougemont'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. 22. 'Empress Josephine' 7. cl. 'Mignonette' 5. cl. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 18. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 23. 25. 'White Rose of York' 3. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. Legras de St. 'Sombreuil'. 'Queen of the Prairies'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. the second shows the number of plants to be used. cl. 'American Pillar'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 24. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. rambler 20. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 1. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Mme. rambler 19.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. cl.
abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. Circles and angles provide interest. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. The notch of four square feet. < previous page page_80 next page > . this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
oleracea 'Green Parade'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. shallot Lakes'. cepa Proliferum Group.A. schoenoprasum. Boerner.C.Solanum melongena var. Petroselinum crispum var. C. celery Bed 9. graveolens var.B. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. eggplant 43. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.B. C. kohlrabi Rock'. 25.B.A.A. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. crispum 'Banquet'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. garlic chive 44. annuum 'Mosaic'.L. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. annuum 'Nosegay'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.B. graveolens 'French Dinant'. 24. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.C. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. 27. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.A.S. cherry tomato 34. oleracea 'Prima'. dulce 50. dulce 47.B. curly eggplant parsley 23. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. pear Purple Vienna'.C. annuum 'Fips'. 28. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. graveolens var. 39.A. 29. annuum 'Golden Bell'. Capsicum annuum var. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.A. ruby swiss chard var.A. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.L. annuum 'Black Prince'.B. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. C.esculentum 'Long Black'. celery I 31. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. celery Group. giant garlic var. melongena 2. annuum 'Red Boy'. C. melongena 1.Cichorium intybus.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. annuum 'Variegata'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.Apium graveolens var. 48. leek 5.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. 30.B.A.A.sativa 'Ruby'. graveolens var.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. C. oleracea 'Red Acre'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.B. annuum 'Teno'. 32.S. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.B. chive 42. Beauty'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. red-flowered kale 6.C. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . lycopersicum var. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. C.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. scorodoprasum.C. 45.annuum 'Floral Gem'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. sprouts celery 8.B. 22. 40. C.C. red 37.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B. white-flowered kale 49. tuberosum.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. 26. red 38. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.
When viewed from the terrace above. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. winter savory. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and golden thyme. arcs. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . for each is a complete entity. All of the circles. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
Santolina virens. orange geranium 8.P.P.P. Satureja montana. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. rose-scented geranium 4. rose geranium 27. oak-leaved geranium 16. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P.S. tomentosum. 15. The number in each planting area is the key number. germander crowfoot geranium 21. inkberry geranium 9. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. grossularioides. crispum. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .× fragrans 'Variegatum'. maple-leaved 18. lime geranium Rose'. Marshall.Melissa R. winter 13. 12.P. peppermint 26.. apricot geranium28. lemon geranium 22. A.A. × domesticum 6. 1.P. 29. crispum 'French Lace. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. pungent-scented geranium 25. graveolens.P.P.' lemon geranium 23. green 14. × nervosum 'Torento'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. acerifolium. 19. Landscape Architect. 17. radens 'Dr. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.L. gooseberry geranium 24.× nervosum.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. Livingston'. scabrum.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P.Myrica pensylvanica.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. Teucrium chamaedrys. Assoc.P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. P. odoratissimum. P. golden 11.Ilex glabra.P.P. P. Santolina chamaecyparissus.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.
and growth to the plants of the knot design. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. blue hyssop 3. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. English lavender 2. or marble chips. filled with plants that have contrasting color. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. which is framed with a brick edging. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. To ease the care for a more complicated design. such as a dwarf edging box. texture.Lavandula angustifolia." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. closed knot design. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. on page 37. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. sand. was planted using edging box only.Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. Maintenance is high for a knot. 1. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. . For ease of maintenance this same knot design. For the knot to look its best at all times. especially when it is blooming.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. Its interspaces can be mulched.
Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. green santolina 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. gray santolina 3.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box 4.
The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. which is found more often out in the open. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. In another departure from the usual.T. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.officinalis 'Tricolor'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. arcticus 'Albus'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. rosemary creeping thyme 2. which are confined to that area. 8. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Thymus praecox subsp.T. Teucrium chamaedrys. germander crimson creeping thyme 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The knot material is maintained at six inches. Some maintenance is required for clipping. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. variegated garden sage . Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. herba-barona. 1. creeping thymes. arcticus 'Coccineus'. praecox subsp. caraway thyme 9. fig 4. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. white 7. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. the height of the edging. 'Munstead'. purple variegated 11.S. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
lavender . angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Teucrium canadense. American germander 3. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 2.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. setting it off admirably. germander . Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.
Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. adding another facet to an appealing design. each one a quarter-circle. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. again laid on edge.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. < previous page page_88 next page > . The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. pleasing color. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a complement for the colors of the plant material. which are also laid on edge. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
angustifolia 'Rosea'. tree artemisia 26.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Artemisia arborescens. rue 21.Leontopodium alpinum.Artemisia frigida. silver horehound 19. French lavender 3.Anthemis tinctoria.Helichrysum angustifolium.Anthemis marschalliana. woolly yarrow 23. 17. lavender 8. gray santolina 2. curry plant 7.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Santolina neapolitana 10. 16. dwarf gray santolina 20. candicans.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. blue sage 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Salvia argentea.Lavandula dentata var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver sage 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Allium senescens var.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Russian sage 24.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Stachys byzantina.Perovskia atriplicifolia. lavender 5. 18.Crithmum maritimum. golden marguerite 25. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Thymus 'Argenteus'. grenadin pink chamomile 4. lavender 9. tree germander 22.Teucrium fruticans.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Marrubium incanum.The number in each planting area is the key number. glaucum 11. 1. samphire14. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. silver thyme 6. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Salvia clevelandii. dwarf 12.
lady's-mantle. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. < previous page page_90 next page > . Some are rosemary. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. thyme. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. and the savories. If one is familiar with herbs. The color of the container plays a lesser role. basil. oregano. As with other plant material. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. are without number. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. sweet marjoram. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Styles of containers. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. which include hanging baskets.
< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. providing herbs in abundance.
< previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. However. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.S. Of course supervision is necessary.L. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. A. LandscapeArchitect. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. If children's interest is not sustained.A. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. < previous page page_95 next page > . such an outlay would be unwarranted. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.
These are ''old roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. they are easily handpicked. Just keep a garden design for children simple. too. Children in this age group can help with the construction. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two." selected for their greater fragrance. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. A sundial can be fun and also educational. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. < previous page page_96 next page > . Instead of benches on the patio. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs.
S.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. A.A. . Landscape Architect.L.
dwarf 6.Allium senescens var. horehound 26.Anethum graveolens.Allium sativum var.Isatis tinctoria. catnip 27.Chenopodium botrys.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English lavender 4.Origanum majorana. Petroselinum crispum var.The number in each planting area is the key number. clary 25.Calendula officinalis.Salvia sclarea. glaucum 31. English lavender 7. southernwood 5. 13.Artemisia abrotanum.Lavandula angustifolia. cottage pink 18. American 21. Nigella damascena.Allium moly. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Artemisia camphorata. borage 15. pot marigold 8. alpine strawberry 3. summer savory 22. Dianthus plumarius. garlic chive 29. 1.Rosa gallica.Nepeta cataria. damask rose 32. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rosa damascena.Allium tuberosum.Hedeoma pulegioides.Marrubium vulgare. Italian parsley 23. lovage 12.rocambole 28.Salvia officinalis.Tropaeolum minus. ophioscorodon. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . Borago officinalis. dill pennyroyal 11. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. neapolitanum. garden sage 24. ambrosia 2. 19. Levisticum officinale.Satureja hortensis. 16.Petroselinum crispum var. crispum. 20. lily leek 30. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. love-in-a-mist 14.
previously used as a skating rink. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. are a seal and a turtle. not noted on the plan. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. All are inviting to the touch. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. < previous page page_98 next page > . for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The oval. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The sculptures.
R.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .A. F.A. Landscape Architect.
toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Greek Stachys byzantina. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Foeniculum vulgare. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. Allium schoenoprasum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. borage Tanacetum vulgare. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. winter savory Mentha. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. Nepeta cataria. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. chamomile Mentha. cowslip Linaria. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. mint Tagetes. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. lousewort Viola canina. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. coltsfoot Mimulus. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. bee balm Satureja montana. marigold Salvia officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. English Tussilago farfara. mint Galium odoratum. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. dog violet Lemna.Hedeoma pulegioides. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. bee orchid Erigeron. duckweed Antennaria. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . Trifolium pratense. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. tansy Monarda didyma. fat-hen Primula veris. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. fleabane Stellaria. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis.
a mint. < previous page page_101 next page > . and old barn beams another about the same height. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. feverfew. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Still. Their height eases the task of weeding. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. developed particularly for study.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Here. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. for an old barn foundation of stone. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. Its plant list. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. an exceedingly long one. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. it is a most satisfying growing situation. its wooden structure long gone. A number of wooden window frames. Instead.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
herba-barona.Lavandula angustifolia. purple basil English lavender 18. viper's 65. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Achillea millefolium.T. creeping veronica .Genista tinctoria. Roman 46.Digitalis lanata.Alchemilla vulgaris. French tarragon geranium 7.Salvia officinalis. basilicum 56.T. calamint valerian 24. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Galium odoratum. sweet 41. camphorata.-John'swort 91. officinalis 'Aurea'.Stachys grandifora 93. golden variegated garden sage 86. St.Acinos alpinus. abrotanum.Geranium robertianum.S.Satureja montana.A. foxglove 2. mosquito plant 19. stellerana. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.O.Pulmonaria officinalis. angelica lemon geranium 5. dyer's woodruff broom 3. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. southernwood ground cherry 10.O. southernwood houseleek 12. skirret 90.Plantago major.S. wormwood germander 9.Calamintha grandiflora.Althaea officinalis. odoratissimum.P. basilicum 'Minimum'. lesser 67. bee balm57.Veronica serpyllifolia. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Viola tricolor.O.O. pontica.Hyssopus officinalis. 43.Rosmarinus officinalis. 42.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Artemisia dracunculus var. praecox subsp.Angelica archangelica. officinalis 'Tricolor'. 60. 45. 55.Valeriana officinalis. 48.Calendula officinalis.Euphorbia cyparissias. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Marrubium vulgare. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Poterium sanguisorba. variegated garden sage 87. sweet celandine marjoram 28. sweet violet 40. lemon 52. garden sage 84. woolly thyme 101. 44. yarrow herb Robert 4. rampion 81.T. richardii subsp. pot marigold 25. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. rose costmary campion 23. white creeping thyme 97. lemon verbena 106.Agastache cana. sweet cicely 94. lemon thyme 100. golden lemon thyme 99. 'Purpurascens'.Sium sisarum. pot marjoram bugloss 27. marsh mallow 13.Echium vulgare. golden marjoram 26.A.T. caraway thyme 103. majorana.Chelidonium majus.Campanula rapunculus. golden thyme 98. tomentosum.Monarda didyma.Tanacetum vulgare var.A.Chrysanthemum balsamita. rose sativa.Ranunculus ficaria. praecox subsp.Sempervivum tectorum. sweet 53.Aloysia triphylla. 1.P.Stachys officinalis.T 'Argenteus'.Nepeta mussinii. pallasianus.Pelargonium crispum.Hypericum perforatum.T.49. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. absinthe 51.Levisticum officinale.Physalis heterophylla. plantain 80. 64. × citriodorus.Asarum canadense.Campanula persicifolia. 61. absinthium.T.A.Teucrium chamaedrys. silver thyme 105. arcticus 'Albus'. nitidus. crispum. 66.A. betony 92. apple wormwood geranium 8.T. graveolens. 54.P. rue 83. odorous thyme 104. onites.Lychnis coronaria. rosemary 82. bee balm lovage 20.Ocimum basilicum.S.A.Rubia tinctorum.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Agastache foeniculum. winter savory 88.Viola odorata. 62.Ruta graveolens. Grecian 59.Digitalis purpurea. officinalis 'Purpurea'.O. camphor. celandine madder 79. purple variegated garden sage 85. 'Clear Gold'.M.Melissa officinalis. basil blue hyssop 15. alpine savory 89. beach 47.T. 50. thyme 102.Myrrhis odorata. wild lemon basil ginger 16. balm horehound 14. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. crimson creeping thyme 96. pink 58. fern-leaf tansy 95. didyma 'Rosea'. catmint 63.
ostrowskianum 34. wild 116. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. Madonna lily leucanthemum. spicata. cowslip 72. chicory 70. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. blattaria.M. 114. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.cepa. 71.29.Origanum dictamnus. red mint comfrey 33.A. 76. tree onion 112. oxeye daisy mullein 36. pin cherry 39. × gentilis.Chrysanthemum 78. chamomile 30.M.Verbascum thapsus. feverfew cinerariifolium. orange mint 32.Lysimachia vulgaris.Chrysanthemum 74.Helichrysum angustifolium.Lilium candidum.Atriplex hortensis. chervil 68. 73.Origanum vulgare. citrata.Prunus pensylvanica.Isatis tinctoria.Oenothera biennis.M.Primula veris.Veronica officinalis.Mentha suaveolens.Allium sativum.Dianthus plumarius 75.Myrtus communis. yucca 109.Laurus nobilis.Chrysanthemum parthenium. veronica 108. moth 113.Cichorium intybus.Chamaemelum nobile. garlic 111. spearmint 107. × piperita var. orach115.M.Sorbaria sorbifolia. suaveolens 'Variegata'. pineapple mint 31. Proliferum Group. evening 77.Symphytum officinale. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . apple mint 69.Yucca filamentosa. dyer's woad 110.V.Anthriscus cerefolium.A. curry plant mullein 35. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.
is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. A statue of St. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Francis. its outline constructed of brick. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. < previous page page_104 next page > . a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. not just hiding it. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. of good proportion for the size of the opening. but not obvious. A wheelshaped bed. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. lion's-ear prismaticum. potato Brassica eruca. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Eleocharis dulcis. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. Eriobotrya japonica. Vetiveria zizanioides. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . California lilac Origanum vulgare var. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. loquat Cichorium intybus. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. labdanum Cistus crispus. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Cestrum nocturnum. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. only those not found on other lists are noted here. white Justicia carnea. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. AREA IV Ixia maculata. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. cat Watsonia rosea. menthifolia. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. poet's Solidago californica. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. Sidney Ephedra viridis. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. AREA VI japonica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum.
emphasizes the circle. another a Mary garden. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. and a third a culinary garden. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. not only for hardiness where needed. to name a few. an "old rose" and fragrant. scented-leaf geraniums. is a center of interest. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. < previous page page_106 next page > .< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The exterior brick path. or potpourri. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. but also for proper leaf size. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. One is a garden of legends. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The damask rose 'Celsiana'.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Chamaemelum nobile.Crocus sativus. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Johnny-jump. rue 28.20. flax 17. 1. Artemisia absinthium. absinthe 4. pyrethrum 5.Salvia officinalis. Anethum graveolens. costmary 6. chive bedstraw 16. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. white dead 24.Ornithogalum umbellatum. angelica 2. sweet 21.Allium schoenoprasum.Calendula officinalis. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. yellow 25. English thyme 13. dill 11.The number in each planting area is the key number. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Narcissus mustard 14.Lamium album.Ocimum basilicum. black 23.Rosmarinus officinalis. saffron crocus marigold 7. spearmint 22. sweet marjoram basil 12. English ivy rosemary 8.Ruta graveolens. blue 18.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Angelica archangelica.19. hyssop rose 9.Origanum majorana. lady's.Hedera helix.Galium verum.Mentha spicata. Linum usitatissimum.Brassica nigra. garden up sage 10.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. 27. chamomile 3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Viola tricolor. Hyssopus officinalis. pot 26.Alchemilla vulgaris.
The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. < previous page page_108 next page > . This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations.
white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. sweet Myrtus communis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. bay Echeveria × imbricata. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. blue Lamium maculatum. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. perennial flax Galium odoratum. Cotinus coggygria. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Artemisia absinthium. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. clove Marrubium vulgare. lemon balm Mentha spicata. thyme Cnicus benedictus. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. beach Monarda didyma. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. peppermint Laurus nobilis. fastigiata. Myrrhis odorata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. spearmint Mentha × piperita. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. rue Malva alcea var. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. Russian 'Prostratus'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var.
The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. millstones. features a closed knot of superior design. Viewed from the terrace garden. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. simply on a smaller scale. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. and huge. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. Appropriately used as accents. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. This is a general rule observed. too. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. The generous use of edgings. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. < previous page page_110 next page > .
Santolina virens.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Teucrium chamaedrys.L.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and the mulch. dwarf box . The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.A. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. angustifolia 'Munstead'. has its size dictated by a rule of design. Landscape Architect. blue hyssop 3. six feet in diameter.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Design plan of herb garden 1. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. germander 2.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. green santolina 6. cheddar pink 4. 'Tiny Rubies'. that of good proportion. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. gray santolina 7. The number in each planting area is the key number. A.S. lavender 5. Routine clipping is required.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. of greater size than is commonly found.
fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. quince Magnolia virginiana. black haw Prunus americana. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. box Myrica pensylvanica.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. beach plum Corylus avellana. shadbush Salix caprea. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. box Calycanthus fioridus. honey locust Cornus florida. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. goat willow Sassafras albidum. dogwood Pinus nigra. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . japonica. plum Prunus maritima. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens.
'Doone Valley' . 'Argenteus'. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. doerfleri T. silver thyme T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. caraway thyme T. 'Annie Hall' T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Lavandula. arcticus T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. praecox subsp. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. As a rule. Salvia. and a miscellany of others. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. its plant material varied. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. However. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. praecox subsp. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. Currently. leucotrichus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. Rosmarinus. herba-barona. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar.
officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. English lavender L. golden thyme T. praecox subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustissimus. angustifolia subsp. leucantha. heterophylla. anise sage S. purple variegated garden sage S. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. ramie . officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. woolly thyme T. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. 'Clear Gold'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. guaranitica. angustifolia subsp. praecox subsp. sweet lavender L. crimson creeping thyme T. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Aurea'. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. golden variegated sage S. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. dentata. arcticus 'Coccineus'. autumn sage S. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia. angustifolia subsp. golden rosemary R. blue sage S.T. involucrata. greggii. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Rosea' L.
edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
horsetail. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. to sweeten the air. for scrubbing pots. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. family needsmedicinal. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. rupturewort. Hesperis matronalis. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Sium sisarum. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. a well beside the house. obedient plant. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. which were located between the water supply. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. The apple trees. balmony. Primarily. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Prunella vulgaris. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. to lure bees. Smith. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Physostegia virginiana. Herniaria glabra. L. Equisetum arvense.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Cheloneglabra. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. culinary. used in salads or boiled. constructed of brick made on the property. The house. Circumstances determined these priorities.
while functional. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. too.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. < previous page page_116 next page > . This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. too. Today. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. for a few are in use now. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
1.Rosa banksiae. rosemary 2. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. fig 6.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium sativum. 16.Sambucus canadensis. yellow 12. Cape jasmine 10. Gardenia jasminoides.Pinus taeda.Punica granatum. garlic 9.Wisteria frutescens. 15.Malus angustifolia. wisteria 13.Prunus angustifolia.Lonicera sempervirens.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Ficus carica. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lonicera flava.Lagerstroemia indica. bay 7.Syringa × persica var. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Banksia rose 14.Laurus nobilis. pomegranate 3. southern laciniata. trumpet 11. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .
At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. Appropriately. The effect would be quite different without them. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. < previous page page_118 next page > . Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Italy. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. too. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Mentha spicata. 66.Colchicum autumnale. 68. senna woodruff 15.Melissa officinalis.Hamamelis virginiana. lovage 35.Verbascum thapsus. 55.Cornus florida.Asarum virginicum. St. 54.Allium schoenoprasum. great 47.Chamaemelum nobile. dogwood horehound 18.Eupatorium perfoliatum. myrtle 53. pot 48. basil chive 3.Paeonia officinalis. yarrow lungwort 22.Rubus allegheniensis.Tanacetum vulgare.Levisticum officinale.Teucrium chamaedrys. garden sage 59. saffron crocus 25.Agrimonia eupatoria. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. black 29.Artemisia abrotanum.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Punica granatum. sweet shrub 10. 37. rue 56. lemon 26. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Asclepias tuberosa.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Galium odoratum.Crocus sativus. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Populus balsamifera. peppermint 52.Mentha pulegium.Pulmonaria officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 45.Mentha × piperita.Acorus calamus.Monarda punctata.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fuller's teasel 67.Cimicifuga racemosa. 30.Artemisia dracunculus var.Cassia marilandica.Monarda didyma. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Digitalis purpurea.Gaultheria procumbens. 61. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. fennel 40. 42. clove 36. white periwinkle spicebush 13. sweet 27. butterfly 32. balm autumn crocus 2.Dipsacus sativus. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Ruta graveolens.Calycanthus fioridus.Lilium candidum. 33. mullein 49.Hyssopus officinalis.Pinckneya pubens. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Lindera benzoin.Sassafras albidum. wild ginger69.Dianthus caryophyllus. peony 51.Ocimum basilicum. American holly 16.Vinca minor.Ilex vomitoria.Laurus nobilis. 50. 63. yellow-root 7.Achillea millefolium.Ilex opaca. 1. blue 44. foxglove 41. 70.Salvia officinalis. agrimony 58.Symphytum officinale. borage 31. hyssop sassafras 20. catnip 34. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. horsemint lobelia 23. trumpet honeysuckle 4. sweet flag marigold 24.Rosa laevigata.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 64.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.57.Rosmarinus officinalis. box chamomile 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Marrubium vulgare. spearmint 62. yaupon pink southernwood 12. sativa. bee balm 28. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Borago officinalis. blue 46.Lobelia siphilitica.Nepeta cataria.Armoracia rusticana.Elizabeth Lawrence.Buxus sempervirens.Anethum graveolens.Calendula officinalis. 43.Lonicera sempervirens. dill 39. tansy 65.Chimaphila umbellata. 38. 60.Hypericum perforatum.
for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. < previous page page_120 next page > . This is true for the remedies. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. and fragrances they developed. In any event. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. 1 T. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. of herbs for one loaf of bread. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. preventives. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount.
Monarda punctata.Mentha × piperita.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. peppermint 18.Ocimum basilicum. English thyme rosemary 7. winter savory 4. horsemint 20. sweet basil 13.Marrubium vulgare.Satureja montana. absinthe 9. Calendula officinalis.Nepeta cataria. lavender lovage 3. garden sage 8.Mentha spicata. sweet marjoram 6.Artemisia absinthium. foxglove 12. 14. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . black haw 23.Viburnum prunifolium.Origanum majorana.Levisticum officinale. spearmint 17.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 15.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. English 10. quince 24. pot marigold 2.Papaver somniferum. apothecary's rose 22.Tanacetum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. catnip 16.Pyrus communis. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 11. caraway 19.Digitalis purpurea. blue hyssop 21. opium poppy 5.Carum carvi.Cydonia oblonga.Salvia officinalis.
Some could be used singly. the other 1761. to study it. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. Allowed such freedom of expression. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. The main paths of brick unify the garden. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. and if the best has not always survived. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. one dated 1759. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. < previous page page_122 next page > . The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. often it is reconstructed. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and bricks raise the beds. Thus it was for this garden. The beds are used to achieve balance. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. centrally located. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. makes it something of a focal point. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. from early Moravian settlements.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. for example the large square bed with circular path. Shaded by hop vines.
< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect. .A.S. Campbell. A.L.
Rosa eglanteria. 68. sorrel 65. 74.Gelsemium sempervirens.Foeniculum vulgare. lavender rose 21. chamomile 17.Narcissus tazetta. mugwort67. damask coriander rose 19. 62.Alcea rosea. Madonna lily 59.Marrubium vulgare. lovage 9.Tropaeolum minus.Rosa gallica.Allium schoenoprasum.Coriandrum sativum. stock 50. chestnut rose 43.Salvia sclarea.Carum carvi. betony 82.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Passiflora incarnata.Atriplex hortensis. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Althaea officinalis. parsley 32. balm chive 37.Asparagus officinalis. basil moss rose 44. daisy crape myrtle 23. columbine 29.Aquilegia vulgaris. tansy 6.Symphytum officinale. rhubarb 10.Pulmonaria officinalis.Celosia cristata.Nigella sativa.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha × piperita.Rosa centifolia. fennel marjoram 28.Rubia tinctorum. rosemary49. 80. 81.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Dianthus caryophyllus. holy thistle 58.Petroselinum crispum. redbud 24. hop southernwood 39. hollyhock 51.Mentha spicata. garden sage 15.Chamaemelum nobile.Lilium candidum.Inula helenium.Tropaeolum majus.Melissa officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa roxburghii.Hydrangea quercifolia.Tanacetum vulgare. orach 76.Amaranthus caudatus. Carolina jessamine 38. elecampane 11.Consolida ambigua. 52.Narcissus poeticus.Matthiola incana. polyanthus narcissus 60.Rumex acetosa.Lagerstroemia indica.Artemisia absinthium. dill 73. marsh mallow 7.Artemisia abrotanum.Ruta graveolens.Humulus lupulus. garlic lungwort 36. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. blue 69. French rose 18. caraway 72. spearmint 57.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. garden nasturtium 12. clary 30.Saponaria officinalis.Vitis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa moschata.Origanum majorana. blue 63. saffron peppermint crocus 35. horehound 56.Rheum rhabarbarum. black cumin 46.Allium sativum. 66. English 78. hyssop maypop 42. dwarf nasturtium 13.Ficus.Silybum marianum.77. poet's narcissus 61. cabbage angustifolia.Cercis canadensis. eglantine Group.Stachys officinalis. asparagus 31. rue 14. cockscomb 47. clove 53.Salvia viridis. 1.Armoracia rusticana.Cnicus benedictus.Clematis virginiana. annual clary 3.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia vulgaris.Crocus sativus. virgin's bower 40. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. autumn crocus 34. sweet 71.Rosa damascena. sweet 55.Bellis perennis.Achillea millefolium.Nepeta cataria. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . blessed thistle 8. comfrey 33. feverfew southern magnolia 27. English thyme 2. absinthe 45.Cornusflorida. yarrow 4.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. catnip 70.Colchicum autumnale. red pepper 20.Anethum graveolens. love.Ocimum basilicum. 48. corn poppy 79. grape larkspur 41.Levisticum officinale. madder 16.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Magnolia grandiflora. borage 5. 54.Papaver rhoeas. lemon 64.Borago officinalis.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. far from the house. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. even boggy. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Usually this is least desirable. Thus. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. and the north point is established. the western.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. First. Calluna (heather). A ravine and existing. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. This space was never adequate. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Although some observations may seem obvious. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. it is proper to make a trial run. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. The next most desirable exposure. The lesser the scale. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation.
Indeed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. 127 indicates. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The general outline is similar. The new herb garden has been located. < previous page page_126 next page > . Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. and the property line on the last. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. single bed. The outline is fixed. as the drawing on p. a driveway on still another. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. all four sides are so determined. and the search did not take long. 77 provided the needed inspiration. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. another is close to the rear of the house. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. but it need not be identical. The. certainly not precisely the same. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Culinary herbs will fill a large. It was a pleasurable assignment. Then. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed.ground where drainage is better. There is the housegarage structure on one side.
then north. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. There was no . Two drawings were required to work out problems. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. In fact. as in this case. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. forming the outer boundary of the service path. If. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. With the plan established. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. this low wall will enclose the garden area.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. If all is well. something is amiss. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. In addition. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. a lapped joint was fashioned. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. At corners. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. In the earlier stage of planning. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. However. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In this area. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. A structural edging was in order. In this case. . this was. not one completed in a weekend. However. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. however. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. eight. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. Before edgings could be put in place. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. admittedly.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. and the finished edging would be effective. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. the site required some leveling. the eight-foot length was more practical.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
Unfortunately. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Paving for the terraced area is brick. leaves. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. This method of treatment now guarantees . The pattern is running bond. filling the beds with soil was next. One is the ramp to the driveway. sand. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. A choice of five colors was available. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. this same base underlies all the paths. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. could serve this purpose. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. but there are exits to different levels. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Aged compost. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. selected for its simplicity. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Weeds. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. for they will likely have more traffic. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Heavy black plastic. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. had been proof of that. The latter need to be more substantially paved. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs.
A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. worth the added cost. on a trial run of one course of brick. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. However. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. even bed for the pavers.
they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. for it would interfere with the drainage system. learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook." their construction can be somewhat varied. and the steps to other levels. In this instance. French drains. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. the terraced area. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. converging where it was logical to do so.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. Herbs have flourished in the beds. . a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. With the completion of the paths. Sometimes called "rubble drains.
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being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. twelfths of an inch. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. having a variety of gradations. in tenths of an inch. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. hundredths of an inch. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. is symmetrical. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Its arrow points north and. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. casts the shadow for the hour. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. often a wall or trellis. sixteenths of an inch. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . in Artemisia ludoviciana var. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. for example. in inches. for example. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. and so on. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. a garden plan. and so on. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. albula. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. E EllipseAn oval.
sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. a flat. Pea gravelSmall. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. also called rubble drain. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. Usually a few inches thick. GrindstoneMillstone. roofed structure usually open on the sides. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. heated especially by fermenting manure. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed.brick) in the same course. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . M ManufactoryA factory. rounded fragments of rock. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. its compartments filled with flowers. turf. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. ForthrightA straight course or path. a patterned garden. G GazeboA freestanding.3. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. loose. or colored earths. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms.3). MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone.
rafters. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.
V VarietyA category below species. not treelike or with a single trunk. often planted with aromatic herbs. snug fit for walks. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. cutting. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. TreillageLatticework for vines. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. walls. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. < previous page page_132 next page > . and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. W Wall. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Turf seatBanked-up earth. or steps. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Stone. R Rose. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. ranking between species and variety.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. called also a hose cock.
Roses. New York: Viking Press. Kent: The Herb Farm. Foster. New York: G. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Garden City: Doubleday. Herbsfor Every Garden. H. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. London: Marshall Cavendish. Bardswell.. The Small Garden. Hanging Plants for Home. Clarkson. New York. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1972. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1951. Julia S. 1957. Dutton & Co. Greenwood. Foley. Mo. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Beston. 1962. New York: Dover. . Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. S. Aurora. Brookes. 1963. Toronto. Hortus Third. Prof. Liberty Hyde. T. 1980. Park Seed Co. 1942. 1971. Gertrude B. The Herb Garden. Rosetta E. H. Alice Morse. 1970. Foster. Independence. Daniel J. John Philip. 1961. W. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Seal. Gertrude B. 1973. Margaret E. P. Bailey. Agnes. Charlotte. . Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. and Louden. Sydney: B. 1958. . The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 14701670. Earle. Room Outside. Baumgardt. Fox.. London: Country Life. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Herbals. Peter. Frances A. Coats. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. London. The Garden (An Illustrated History). 1951. P. John E. Jot. Edlin. Flannery. 1966. 1982.: Geo. Sevenoaks. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1977. Putnam's Sons. ed. New York: Macmillan. 1976. 1966. Batsford. London: Adam and Charles Black. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. British Plants. London: Macmillan. John. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. New York: E. Terrace. Doran & Co. 1979. and Accessories. New York: Crown Publishers. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. 1944. Bailey Hortorium. New York: Macmillan. Helen H.: Buckeye Printing Co. Sylvia. 1980. Robert Lee. Carpenter. New York: Viking Press. How Plants Get Their Names. 1933. London: Saturn Press. Darrah. Rosemary F. Cross. Behme. Helen Morgenthau. L. and Garden. 1935.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. 1911. The Cultivated Basils. New York: Hawthorne Books. Garden Design. Harriet Ballard. Crowe.C.. Brownlow.. Complements. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 1971. L. New York: Macmillan. 1902. 1972. Henry. Herbs and the Earth. Berrall.. New York: Macmillan. Book of the Geranium. Staff of. Park's Success with Herbs. 1938. Green Enchantment. Erichsen-Brown.
Dorothy Bovee. Hay. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Co. Bernard Hickey.Garland. Johns. and Rice. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Muenscher. Italy. Krauss.. Howard. 1979. Tucson: H. Herbs. Potter.) Rohde. Ireys. Frances. 1974. J. New York: William Morrow and Co. Grow and Enjoy. . and Brunello. and Back. Books. The Book of Spices. Pa.. Plants of the Bible. 1911. Neri. M. Lerner. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. New York: Dover. Helen K. Shaker Herbs. 1946. A Garden of Herbs. Flowers of the Field. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. C. New York: Clarkson N. Miller. 1972. Mrs. Waltham.. 1981. 1975. Amy Bess. Mary U. 1973. Leighton. Gardens in Winter. London: Faber and Faber.. 1951. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Horace. Harold N. New York: E. 1975. Elizabeth. 1971. Pozza. 1938.. P. Franco. New York: Macmillan. Grieve. McFarland. London: George Routledge & Sons.: Livingston Pub. Myron. Rev. 1983. Adelma G.. Frederic. Lawrence. and Synge. Patrick M. Jones. Wynnewood. Sylva. Boston. New York: Crown Publishers. 2d ed. George H. New York: Macmillan. 1970. 1976. The Herb Garden. 1978. Division Billboard Publications. Lathrop.C. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Claire. New York: Harper & Bros. A Biblical Garden. Hendrickson. 1971. New York: Macmillan. 1964. Philippa. Paul B. New York: De La Mare. 1952. 1976. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Kiaer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1966. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Lawrence. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. P. Robert. Roses of the World in Color. New York: Van Nostrand. New York: William Morrow & Co. The Berry Book. Loewenfeld. M. Walter. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1970. Eleanour Sinclair. Carol. Loyal R. 1961. N. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. 1959. Rosengarten. Toronto: Little. A. Dutton & Co. Modern Herbal. Johnson. Boston. Jr. Norma Jean.. Loewenfeld. Simmons. and Alma L. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. < previous page page_133 next page > . (1st American edition trans. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices... Alice Recknagel. Mass. 1969. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Cherokee Plants. Landscaping with Vines.. Ann. Eigel.. Roy.: Herald Publishing Co.. ed. Moldenke. The Concise Handbook of Roses. chemist. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Vicenza. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Early American Gardens. How to Select. Lesch. 1981. Brown & Co. New York: Doubleday. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1969. The Art of Dyeing. Claire. and Chiltoskey.: Chronica Botanica Co. New York: Dover. Sarah. 1974. 1982. Alma. Hamel. New York: Viking Press.
Berkeley Brandt.L. L. 1982. Christopher. Thomas. 1979. Campbell. New York: Simon & Schuster.. Pees. Wilder. 1974. Thacker. Taloumis. Smith. Mrs. Webster. Container Gardening Outdoors.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. Marion E. Vera Breed. Robert G. L. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. George. A. Mrs. 1953. 1972. Plimpton. Martin's.. New York: St.. William Radler. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Malcolm. William T. Martin's Press. A. Martha Dahlen. Mr.. New York: William Morrow & Co. Jr. L.L. A. Leonie. Martin. Stearn. New York: Simon & Schuster. New York: William Farquhar Payson.. T.A. 1979. A. Mrs. 1942. Stearn. 1979. Helen Van Pelt. Zohary. Charles Patch.A. The Fragrant Garden. Michael. . 1975. Benjamin McF. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. Vt. Mrs. 1972.A. Moffit.A. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Herbs in the Garden.. Mrs.S. Louise Beebe.A. Mrs. Paxton. Jr. F. ed. 1976.A. Graham Stuart. Charlotte. William Y Dear.: Garden Way. New York: Farrar. Norman. Donald Paxton. L. Mrs.. L. London: Phoenix House. Griffin. and Bell. Stuart. Melissa R. William W. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. McGarry. Price. Small Gardens Are More Fun.A. Lamm. Landscape Architecture. L. Barbara Capen. . The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. New York: Doubleday. Esther.. Cozart. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. A. Jr. Herbert G. Virginia B. 1957. New York: St. Rhoda Specht. Mrs. George T. Hammond Crawford. Bleecker. Katherine S. . Nelva M. Elisabeth W..A. 1965. Diane C. Revised by Dr. ed. 1962. Leonard Dreyfuss.. Tarantino. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Mrs. Rev. Winthrop G. John. L. L.A.A. Mrs.The Old Shrub Roses. Singleton.D. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hines. Maxton Davies. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Mrs.. Morss. Meyer. Indianapolis. William T. Bush. James D.. Mrs. and Robert B.. Madalene Hill. Straus. Susan W. Taylor. Bradner.. Margaret Osborn Holt. Mrs. Sherry D. James C. Alfred L.. Weber. John Ormsbee.A. Philip Batchelder. and Mrs...A. New York: Dover. New York. The Shakespeare Garden.A.. Sandy Hicks.A.A. Linda. The History of Gardens. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Mrs.A. Ingersoll. 1953. Associate. Gannaway. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Shrub Roses of Today. Fragrance in the Garden.A. Boston: Ralph T. Mrs. White. London: Phoenix House. L. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. William C. Building Stone Walls. Mrs. W T. John Poinier. 1931. Vivian.. Jack Emil Geist. . Toronto: Van Nostrand. New York: Hafner. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Henry Gund.R. Jo Lohmolder. Frank M. L.. 1966. Graham. Wilson. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Elizabeth Lawrence. Keebler. Mrs. Charles L. 1967. Botanical Latin. Helen Noyes.. 1976.. L. L. Yang. Neil Hamill Park. Raymond V. Robert K. Mrs. 1972. Baker. Peter M. H. New York: McGraw-Hill. Marshall. L. Austin R. Mrs. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Giroux. Bates. Z. The Fragrant Year. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. New ed. Climbing Roses Old and New. L. 1961. Hale & Co.S.. Bynam. New York. Amy Bess Miller.S.L. Mrs. Boerner. C. W.
Hales Corners. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Mr. Western Reserve Herb Society. L. Semple. Old Salem. Talbot III. Plain Dealer Photo. Inc. L. Pawtucket.C. Timothy Procter Ruh. Ohio. Mich.A.. Hancock. Mrs. Matthew Miksch House. Shaker Community. Helen M. Lawrence Schetky. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Whitman. Eloise andJo Ray. Nathan Sameth. Cleveland. R. Elbert Smith.. Michigan State University. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Skinner.Rady. Harper. Mrs. Milton C.. Wilcox. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Mrs.. Rose. Christopher Spencer. N. James S. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Bailey.A. Mass. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Eric Duke Scott. Mrs. N... Gayle. Ann Arbor. Faith H.. Christopher Rady. Milton Stricker. Smith (Ann Leighton).. Mrs. Linda Yang.I.A. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Booker Worthen.A. Atlanta Historical Society. Little Rock. Wisc. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. University of Michigan. L. Joan E. Edmund G. Joe H. N. Atlanta.H. Ohio. Hancock Shaker Village. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Roberts. Greenland.. L. The Country Doctor Museum.... Walter Rebmann. Winston-Salem. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mrs. Ark. civic.. Old Slater Mill Museum.. Mich. Swanson.C. Kingwood Center. G. Inc. Architect. L. Mrs. Mrs. Linda Yang. The following provided historical. Isadore L. John A. Weeks Brick House.. and Mrs. Jean Ruh. Derthick. Lansing. Frederick E. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mrs. James F. Mansfield. Ga.
E. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum .< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. officinalis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. A. maritima L. azoricum. A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Myrrhis odorata. A. Narcissus triandrus. Y smalliana Agrimonia. C. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. barbadensis A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea.
laevis Rhododendron . F. podagraria Asparagus A. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. lycopersicum. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. false Galium aristatum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. acerifolium. grandiflorus Melissa M. melongena var. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Solanum aculeatissimum S. Lamium album Viburnum. Monarda didyma Crataegus. albula A. ludoviciana var. S. G. P. officinalis. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. V. V. M. officinalis Populus. P.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. vulgaris A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. angustifolia. B. M. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. alpina 'Alba' A. Mertensia virginica. chrysantha Symphytum S. coronaria . Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. oleracea. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. P. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis.
vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. M. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea .wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. macrocarpon. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. N. M. V. maculatum G. alpinum R. angustifolia. ioensis Vaccinium. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. coronaria. V. pseudonarcissus miniature N. sativum R. B. alpinum R. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. C. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. verna. B. Italian D Daffodil M.
T officinale Bellis. D. acetosa. triphyllum . leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Sansevieria. lilioasphodelus H. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. A. Chrysanthemum frutescens. obtusifolius R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. x superbum Hemerocallis. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. H. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Ferocactus latispinus. frutescens C. rivieri. lilioasphodelus. crispus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. C. Hosta H. A. R. obtusifolius Rumex R.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum.
viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. N. Lychnis coronaria. pungens Sambucus S. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . azoricum Nigella. N. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. S. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Gnaphalium. ragusina. C.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. N. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. gymnocarpa. Helichrysum. damascena. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Antennaria. C. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Centaurea cineraria. Senecio cineraria. arvensis.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. usitatissimum L. I. I. L. versicolor. A. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. O.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.× germanica I. carica Corylus C. Osmunda. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. P. perenne . pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. regalis Adiantum. carica F. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.
ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. Pelargonium. P. quercifolium P. × hortorum P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. odoratissimum P. lanata D. × limoneum P. lutea Allium sativum A. grossularioides P radens P. purpurea D. sylvatica Digitalis D. I. sphaerocephalum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. tuberosum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. scorodoprasum A. Fumaria C. neapolitanum A. × germanica Myosotis M. sativum var.
T. scabrum P graveolens P. × jatrophifolium P. officinale Z. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. canadense. chamaedrys T. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. A. tomentosum P. × nervosum P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. Z.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. T. crispum P. graveolens P. pratensis . quercifolium P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. P. tomentosum P. A. canadense T. Tragopogon. × citrosum P. denticulatum P. glutinosum. capitatum P.
bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. C. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. V. Oxalis deppei. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. M. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. C. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Vitis monticola. torquata E.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. nervosa V.
H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
W. Sempervivum Lobelia L. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Pulmonaria . Ophiopogon L. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. triacanthos G.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. G. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. C. Lythrum. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. L. majalis Liriope. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia.
officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M.blue M Mace. M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. patula Calendula officinalis T. erecta T. alcea var. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. pedatum Hibiscus. erecta T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. A. grandiflora M. Malva. tenuifolia T. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. erecta T. Malva. M. C. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. lucida .
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citrata. dictamnus O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. crispii M. onites O. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. citrata M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. suaveolens M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. piperita var. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. citrata M. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. majorana O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. vulgare O. R. majorana O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . × piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium. × piperita var. O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. S. citrata M. major. aquatica var. A. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Spiraea alba. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Astrantia. vulgare O. requienii M.
lactiflora Morus M. olympicum. alba Verbascum. V. thapsus V. V. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. A. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. vulgaris A. Myrtus. M. × gentilis M. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Azolla caroliniana. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. rubra M. Umbellularia californica. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata. communis. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria.
P.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. minus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T. album L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. majus T. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . nudum. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. poeticus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V. V.
fragrans Allium. C. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa. Scilla verna. vulgare var. fistulosum A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. telephium Iris × germanica var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. fistulosum Atriplex. Proliferum Group A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. cepa.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. A. fragrans O. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . O. A. S. hortensis A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. florentina. Castilleja californica. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. I. cepa A.
sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. patens. P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum P. P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. A. A. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.
annuum. album Ranunculus ficaria . paniculata P. Longum Group C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Piper C. Longum Group Capsicum. C. annuum. annuum. roseus C. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Grossum Group C. C. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. P frutescens Catharanthus. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. frutescens C. A. annuum. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. C. Marsilea Perilla. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. Chenopodium. retroflexus. C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C.
taeda Chimaphila. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. plumarius D. Prunus japonica. plumarius. taeda P. americana .Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. nigra P strobus P taeda P. umbellata var. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. angustifolia var. caryophyllus D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Plantago P. watsonii P maritima P. C. P salicina P angustifolia. M. umbellata var. gratianopolitanus D. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. × paradisiaca. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. P. Silene laciniata. alpinus D. officinalis Dianthus D. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. C. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P.
P. balsamifera P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. vulgare Lithospermum. L. S. Liriodendron tulipifera P. E. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. biennis P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. rhoeas P. 0. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L.
A. P. sativum var. rhabarbarum R. coccineum C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. canadensis C. R. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. Hesperis . C. pepo Portulaca. Diplotaxis. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris.
gallica 'Officinalis' R. chinensis 'Minima' R. R. centifolia R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rosa chinensis R. damascena R. sativa Rosa R. × borboniana R. × borboniana Kerria. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. canina R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Rubus coronarius R. canina. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. banksiae R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. damascena 'Bifera' R. × borboniana R. laevigata R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. gallica R. spinosissima R. moschata . brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × harisonii R.
Rosmarinus. officinalis Limonium R. S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Salvia hierosolymitana . × rehderana R. angustissimus R. R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. rugosa R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. clevelandii S. greggii S. officinalis S. sclarea S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. microphylla S. azurea subsp. pitcheri S. setigera R. guaranitica S. caerula.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides.
leucophylla S. S. P. Salicornia. S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. virens. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. C. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. viridis S. hebecarpa. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. maritimum E. neapolitana S. montana Scabiosa S. elegans S. leucantha S. chamaecyparissus S. marilandica Amelanchier . guaranitica S. S. T. A. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S.
A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria C. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. nivalis Lamium album. coggygria Cotinus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. P. C. V. coggygria. P. C. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. G. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. biflorum . spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. americana. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus.
false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. scutatus R. R. crassipes O. E. pyrenaicum.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. acetosa. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. patulum. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . officinalis thyme-leaved V. V. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. L. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Ornithogalum arabicum.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. japonica Sorbaria. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. H. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. H. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. S. O. O.
typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. chiloensis F. crispum T. perennis. vulgare var. T vulgare T. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. floridus Philadelphus . dracunculus var. vulgare var. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. incana M. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. vesca F.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vesca F. incana M. O. M. O. C.
A. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. 'Argenteus' T. T. Silybum marianum S.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. maritima Thymus. praecox T. laevigata Eupatorium. benedictus. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. marianum S. marianum S. phaenopyrum C. E. 'Clear Gold' T. praecox subsp. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. C. sylvestris D. 'Broad-leaf English' T. × citriodorus T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. pallasianus T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. arcticus T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > .
cerasiforme. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. sanctum O. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum L.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. L. P. peruviana P. lycopersicum var. pruinosa. Coreopsis Linaria. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. P. radicans Bignonia capreolata. sanctum Tulipa T. noli-tangere. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. alata Lycopersicon. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. C. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. praecox subsp. Physalis peruviana L. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . I.
virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. cornuta 'Alba' V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Chimaphila. caeruleum Clematis. longifolia Chamaelaucium. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. C. officinalis Polemonium. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. P. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. C. canina. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. caprea . lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta V. V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. odorata V.
Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. S. frigida A. annua A. V. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. W. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. pontica. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Corydalis sempervirens A. Gaultheria procumbens. I. absinthium A. nudum Isatis I. gmelinii A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. caprea. verticillata Chimaphila. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Stachys . frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. ambrosioides Artemisia. camphorata A. Vanilla barbellata A.
C. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. ageratum A. filipendulina A. lutea. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. I. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. simplicissima Cladrastis. × media 'Hicksii' T. taygetea A. millefolium A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. X. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . vomitoria I.
calamus Adiantum A. alpinus Aconitum A. parlor m. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . ageratum A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. butter-print. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. monkshood flowering maple. maidenhair fern.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. fragrant g. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. cana A. napellus Acorus A. calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow China jute. yarrow sneezeweed. blue giant hyssop. lion's tail anise hyssop. monkshood helmut flower. maidenhair American maidenhair. sanguinary. fourcroydes sweet flag. pedatum Agastache A.. fennel g. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. breviflora A. nose-bleed. thousand-seal. five-finger f.. theophrasti Acacia A. h. foeniculum Agave A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. Indian mallow. longifolia Achillea A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. h. millefolium A.. taygetea A.
tree o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. giganteum A.. reptans Alcea A. sativum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. cive. ciboule. sisalana Agrimonia A. lily leek daffodil garlic. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. scorodoprasum A. githago Ajuga A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. purple c. neapolitanum A. karataviense A. sativum var. rosea Alchemilla A. schoenoprasum A. ostrowskianum A. Spanish o. moly A. ophioscorodon A. serpent garlic chive. christophii A. sisal hemp. alpina A. hemp plant agrimony... schnittlauch giant garlic . flavum A. senescens var. fistulosum A. cocklebur.A. Pulchellum A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. two-bladed o. vulgaris Allium A. garlic rocambole. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. Japanese bunching o.. Rosenbachianum A. flowering o.
archangel. triphylla Althaea A. bugloss windflower. officinarum Anchusa A. Curasao a. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. japonica A. officinalis Anemone A. Barbados a. Oriental garlic .. shadbush. juneberry. barbadensis Aloysia A. pulsatilla Anethum A. canadensis Amsonia A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. cerefolium chervil angelica. shad. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. tinctoria Anthriscus A.glaucum A. sphaerocephalum A. blanda A. white m. marschalliana A. tuberosum Aloe A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. caudatus Amelanchier A. medicinal a. bugloss alkanet. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. hupehensis var. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A.. officinalis Amaranthus A. garlic c.
manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. graveolens A. alpina 'Alba' A. European crowfoot bearberry. chrysantha A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.Apium A. graveolens var.
frigida A. wormwood southernwood. Ludoviciana var. arborescens A. mealberry. old man southernwood absinthe. sativa A. stewardsonii Armeria A. europaeum A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. pink or white horseradish. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. virginicum bearberry. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. asarabacca wild ginger. camphorata A. dracontium A. annua A. mountain box. triphyllum subsp. hog cranberry. mugwort. lactiflora A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. creashak green-dragon. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. gmelinii A. dracunculus var. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger .< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. sandberry. pontica A. canadense A. triphyllum A. albula A. kinnikinick. rusticana Artemisia A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. red cole sagebrush. sea pink thrift. bear's grape. maritima Armoracia A.
Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. major Atriplex A. vulgaris Bellis B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. c. silkweed. tuberroot. australis B. s. ruby s. plains f. talewort. wild indigo. perennis Berberis B. orach sea orach.. i. rattleweed winter cress. mountain spinach false indigo. wild indigo blue false indigo. piprage beet swiss chard. B. saltbush orach. s.. vulgaris Beta milkweed. pleurisy root. rocket. c. ruby s. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. tuberosa Asparagus A. butterfly flower butterfly weed. nivea Borago B. officinalis Astrantia A.Asclepias A. jaundice berry. halimus A. upland cress winter cress. Chinese silk plant. mustard . officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. hortensis B Baptista B. tinctoria Barbarea B. c. papyrifera Boehmeria B. wild blue i. China grass borage borage. cool-tankard cole. yellow r. c. vulgaris. garden o.
sempervirens B. pineapple s. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . grandiflora Calendula C. strawberry s. microphylla 'Nana' B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. floridus Campanula C. eruca B.B. koreana B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. microphylla var... officinalis Calycanthus C. white-flowered k. carpatica C. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.
C.. o. p. s. p. o. s.. cow-itch. trumpet flower. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper.. red p.C. o. o. trumpet vine. crown plant trumpet creeper. chili p. p. sweet pepper. p. p. o. persicifolia C.. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. green p. p. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . pimento sweet pepper s. p. p. bell p. s. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. green p. rapunculus Campsis C. o. o. p. p.
celandine celandine turtlehead. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. capsicum p. false saffron. deodara Celosia C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. red p.. chili p. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. shellbark h. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. nobile Chelidonium C. ovata Cassia C.. garden c. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. snakehead . senna. bastard s.. Tabasco p. illinoinensis C.. Russian c. cristata Cercis C.. carvi Carya C. Madagascar periwinkle.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. majus Chelone cayenne p.. canariensis Cedrus C. frutescens Carthamus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. Tabasco-sauce p. tinctorius Carum C. marilandica Catharanthus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory.
ambrosioides C. wintergreen. Meyer 1. glabra Chenopodium C. intybus Cimicifuga C. pyrethum. devil's-darning- .. fat hen ambrosia. American w. Robert Brydon' C. mint geranium. alecost pyrethrum. botrys Chimaphila C. Spanish t.. racemosa Cistus C. balsamita C. old-man's-beard costmary.C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. frutescens C. rattletop black cohosh. pigweed Mexican tea. leather flower. crispus C. Chinese dwarf 1. barbe-de-capuchin. dwarf 1. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. virgilia virgin's bower. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. leather flower. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. × jouiniana 'Mrs. coccineum C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. wormseed. bonus-henricus C.. cinerariifolium C. virgin's bower. wax flower. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. ladanifer Citrus C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. leucanthemum C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. feather geranium.. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. virginiana balmony goosefoot. umbellata Chionanthus C. lutea Clematis C. parthenium C. Dalmatia p. × superbum Cichorium C.
peregrina Consolida C. thorn apple. Chinese parsley dogwood. red haw hawthorn English h. sativum Cornus C. benedictus Coix C. orientalis Convallaria C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. smokebush smoke tree.. tinctoria Coriandrum C. arkansana C. quick-set. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. thorn. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. smoke plant.needle Cnicus C. apiculatus Crataegus C. autumnale Comptonia C. trifolia Coreopsis C. cneorum Coptis C. Venetian sumac. florida Corylus C. laevigata C. majalis Convolvulus C. avellana Cotinus C. smokebush. ambigua C. coggygria Cotoneaster C.
maritimum Crocus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.. × allwoodii D. speciosus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. scoparius C. sempervirens Cydonia C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. West Indian 1. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. sieberi C. citratus Cytisus C. gracilis Dianthus D. sativus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . angustifolius C.C. kotschyanus C.. tomasinianus Cupressus C.
Simkins' 'Nanus' D. grandiflora D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . 'White Lace' Dicentra D. sativus D. gas plant. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. lanata D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. carnation. sylvestris Doronicum D. burning bush.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs.
fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. S. vulgare Elaeagnus E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. poppy eucalypt. blueweed. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. sea eryngo California poppy C. ironbark. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . dulcis Endymion E. hyemale Eranthis E. torquata Euonymus E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. gum tree. sea holm.. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. californica Eucalyptus E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. perfoliatum E. Australian gum. jacinth. japonica Eryngium E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. viridis Epimedium E. Japanese medlar. plum eryngo sea holly. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. arvense E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.E. J. rugosum v. pungens Eleocharis E. b. epimedium barrenwort.
fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . major Fragaria F. a. finocchio. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig.s. assafoetida Ficus F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. vulgare var. vulgare F. ulmaria F. a. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. cyparissias F Ferula F. sow-teat s. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare subsp. vulgare F. alpine s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.s. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. a.Euphorbia E.s. vulgaris Foeniculum F. chiloensis F.
woodwaxen. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. cleavers white bedstraw.F. checkerberry. false baby's-breath woodruff.. sweet w. alumroot herb Robert. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. triacanthos Gossypium G. runaway robin. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. mock p. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. nivalis Galium G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. mollugo G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. odoratum G. dyer's greenweed. maculatum G. tinctoria Geranium G. Capejasmine wintergreen. Carolina jessamine Genista G... teaberry. virginiana Hedeoma H. hexapetala G Galanthus G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. verum Gardenia G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. ground ivy. red Robin . hederacea Gleditsia G. spotted c. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. vernalis H. our-lady's-b. robertianum Glechoma G. Carolina jasmine G. gardenia. field balm. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. mountain tea. wild c. germanica G. Carolina yellow j... honey locust. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom.
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atrorubens H. garland 1. bimli j. rose-of-China. bastard jute. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. Chinese hibiscus.... arborescens Helleborus H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. turnsole heliotrope. Indian hemp. orientalis Hemerocallis H. matronalis Hibiscus H. mallow. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. niger H. Hawaiian h.. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. lilioasphodelus H. bimlipatum j. daylily . glabra Hesperis H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. petiolatum Heliotropium H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. sweet r. Deckaner h.. lividus subsp. China rose. flavescens Helenium H. curry plant false licorice. cannabinus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. corsicus H. foetidus H. angustifolium H. lemon d. × luteola Herniaria H. licorice plant heliotrope. rose m. blacking plant plantain lily. Deccan h.. hibiscus kenaf. giant m.
asiatica Hypericum H. European h. white h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. Burford's holly Japanese holly. quercifolia Hydrastis H. box-leaved h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. orangeroot. crenata var.. rose h.H.-John's-wort St. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. perforatum Hyssopus H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. patulum 'Sungold' H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. lupulus Hydrangea H. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. box-leaved h. horned h. navelwort gotu kola St. I.-John's-wort St. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. .
jewelweed. glabra I. crested i. water f. chinensis var. maculata J Jasminum J. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. capensis Indigofera I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. snapweed. wilsonii Impatiens I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. 'Great Lakes' I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. J. cristata I. tinctoria Ixia I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. woad dyer's woad. crested dwarf i. officinale Juniperus J. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.I.. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. virginiana red cedar jasmine.. horizontalis creeping j. × germanica var. alba Iris I. pseudacorus Isatis I. helenium Ipomoea I. yellow flag. opaca I. spotted t. African corn lily corn lily orris.. florentina I. tinctoria Inula I. touch-me-not jewelweed.
maculatum 'Album' Laurus L... nobilis Lavandula L.. angustifolia L. bay. maculatum L. white d. dumb nettle. flamingo p. plume plant.Justicia water willow J. king'scrown L Lactuca L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. indica Lamium L. angustifolia subsp. dentata L. paradise p. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. sweet bay laurel. n. brandegeana shrimp plant J.. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. plume flower. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. album L. carnea Brazilian-plume. n. dentata var.
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. perenne L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. usitatissimum Liriope L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. hedge plant privet. candidum L. officinale Ligustrum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. sativum Leucojum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. marsh rosemary. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. summer s. blue cardinal flower .. benzoin Linum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. lovage privet. pepperwort. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. aestivum Levisticum L. muscari Lobelia L.
pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M.L. sempervirens Lunaria L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. lycopersicum var. cordata Magnolia M. moonwort. maritima L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . stellata M. coral h. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. virginiana sweet alyssum. money plant. grandiflora M. campion. honesty. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. satin flower honesty. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. flava L. catchfly mullein pink. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L.. coronaria L. europaeus Lysimachia L. vulgaris Lythrum L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. penny f. lycopersicum var. annua Lychnis L. coronaria 'Alba' L. silver-dollar. gypsywort.
imperial stock balm lemon b. requienii M.. stock stock. horsemint peppermint orange mint. white h.. lemon m. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. pulegium M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. alcea var. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. Virginia b. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. longifolia M.. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. cowslip. incana Melissa M.Mahonia M. b. gillyflower. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. × piperita M.. citrata M. Brampton stock. × piperita var. hupehensis Malva M. horsemint . Scotch m. incanum M. aquatica M. menthella. apple m. blue barberry apple. bluebells.. musk m. Oregon g. bee b... pennyroyal Corsican m. curly m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. holly mahonia.. angustifolia M. Virginia c. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. pineapple m.. officinalis Mentha M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. lungwort bluebells. holly barberry. American crab. × gentilis M. fastigiata Marrubium M. holly g. sweet b. bergamot m. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. mountain g. 'Guiding Star' M. vulgare Matthiola M.
pensylvanica Myrrhis M. winter purslane. sweet cicely.. myrrh. Manila hemp forget-me-not. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. red m. b. anise. Oswego tea. swamp c. Greek myrtle. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. punctata Montia M. pink b. menthifolia M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > .M. fistulosa var. b. odorata Myrtus M. textilis Myosotis M. citriodora M. fistulosa M. sylvatica Myrica M. white bee balm pink b. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. banana abaca. American m. white b. Swedish m. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. b. candleberry.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
aspen. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. balsam p. nepalensis P. five-finger shrubby c. sand p... angustifolia P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange.. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. hackmatack. lungwort blue 1. sieboldii 'Alba' P. golden hardhack. pasture b. pensylvanica P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. hardy orange poplar. all-heal salad burnet. heal-all. persica Pteridium P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. Americana P. trifoliata Populus P. maritima P. vulgaris Prunus P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. tacamahac cinquefoil. brake bracken. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. widdy shrubby c. hog-pasture b. elatior P. domestica P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. granatum Pyrus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. Jerusalem sage. veris Prunella P.Poncirus P. brake.
'Cinderella' R. York-and-Lancaster r. . sweetbrier French r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. crowfoot lesser celandine. fairy r. dog r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R.Quercus Q... rose. ficaria Reseda R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. moss r. gallica damask r. cabbage r. China r.. luteola Rhamnus R. garden r. purshiana Rheum R.. pilewort mignonette weld. alpinum R. dog b. garden c. typhina Ribes R. pie plant. gooseberry alpine c. eglantine. mountain c. stellata R Ranunculus R. canina R. red currant. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. sativum Rosa R. brier Banksia r. eglanteria R. brier r. Bourbon r.. autumn damask r. small c. chinensis 'Minima' R.. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. × borboniana R. pygmy r. banksiae R. moss r.
dock s. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. sorrel. polyantha r. bitter d. climbing r. prostrate rosemary. climbing r. Turkestan r. hirta Rumex R. roxburghii R. madder bramble blackberry.. rosemary pine-scented r. prairie r. Scotch r. 'Schneezwerg' R. musk r. rosemary white r. chinquapin r. tinctorum Rubus R. Harison's yellow r. Cherokee r.. setigera R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. angustissimus R. rugosa R. golden p. laevigata R. wichuraiana R.'Officinalis' R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. spinosissima R. r. chestnut r. × rehderana R. × harisonii R. garden sorrel broad dock. burnet r. French sorrel rue .. obtusifolius R. acetosa R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. Japanese r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. snowdwarf memorial r. moschata R..
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clevelandii S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. canadensis willow. purple variegated garden s. variegated garden s. microphylla S. involucrata S. osier goat willow. golden g. American e. purple sage baby sage garden sage. s. caerula S. viridis Sambucus S. bloodroot rue .< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. pussy willow sage. Mexican bush s. argentea S. greggii S. bloodroot red puccoon. guaranitica S. purple g. elderberry American e. elegans S. gray sage. caprea Salvia S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. garden s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. sclarea S. leucophylla S. leucantha S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. clary annual clary elder.
orpine donkey's tail orpine. St.. sisarum Solanum S. pincushion flower pincushions. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. blessed t. roof h. hemp plant snake plant. mourning-bride stonecrop. sweet s. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. telephium Sempervivum S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. marianum Sium S. albidum Satureja S. virens Saponaria S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. live-forever houseleek. hortensis S. skirret potato vine eggplant. canadensis Sansevieria S. Mary's t. tectorum Silybum S. mad apple . neapolitana S. jasminoides S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. morganianum S.Sanguisorba S. lucky plant. old-man-and-woman holy thistle.. pinnata S.. milk t. atropurpurea Sedum S.. melongena var. good-luck plant. devil's tongue. officinalis Sassafras S. hen-and-chickens. trifasciata Santolina S. live-forever houseleek.
laevis Symphytum S. vulgaris 'Addie V. erecta marigold African m. × persica var. laciniata Persian lilac S. big m. californica Sorbaria S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g.. reticulata var. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T.. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. grandiflora S. woundwort lamb's-ears. sorbifolia Sorbus S. patula melongene. hedge nettle. officinale S. Aztec m. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. byzantina S. lilac . false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. lutea Stokesia S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. americana Stachys S. officinale Syringa S.
vulgare var. occidentalis Thymus T. dwarf m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. filifolia T.. sweet mace French m. 'Argenteus' T. columnar y. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. carnosus T. tansy tansy.. fruticans T. . wood sage germander dwarf. marum Thuja T. upright y. germander American g. lucida T. dense y. culinary golden lemon t.. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. 'Broad-leaf English' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. procumbent g. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.T. signet m. yew conical y. vulgare T. lemon t. canadense T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. officinale Taxus T. crispum Taraxacum T.
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mother-of-thyme white creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. nummularius T. crimson c. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.. . caraway t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. t.. praecox subsp. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. zygis Torenia T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. nitidus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. lanatum Trifolium T. odorus t. wishbone flower. jasminoides Tragopogon T. herba-barona T. leucotrichus T. lemon t. pratensis Trichostema T. glabrescens T. serpyllum T. red c. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. creeping t. pallasianus T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. confederatej. praecox T. doerfleri T. t. not culinary French t. richardii subsp. woolly thyme creeping t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T.
olympicum V. Indian cress dwarf n.. bitter Indian garden n.Tropaeolum T. officinalis Verbascum V. pale yellow Darwin t. serpyllifolia nasturtium. 'Sweet Harmony' T. majus T. canadensis Tulipa T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. farfara U Urginea U. minus Tsuga T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. water-lily t. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. huckleberry. red s. tawny orange t. blattaria V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. early. thapsus Veronica V. 'Blizzard' T. squill. . nettle stinging n. species t. dioica V Vaccinium V. kaufmanniana T.. 'General de Wet' T. cranberry. mullein mullein. clusiana T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. officinalis V. tall n. flannel plant. tarda T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. maritima Urtica U. angustifolium var. velvet p. speedwell. laevifolium Valeriana V. blueberry.
carlesii V. tricolor V. ladies-delight. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. possum haw .. khus-khus. lutea 'Splendens' V. nannyberry. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. heartsease. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up.. canina V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. maple-leaved viburnum. × wittrockiana Vitis V. arrowwood. prunifolium Vinca V. withe-rod vetiver. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. myrtle. running m. acerifolium V. violet dog violet horned v. zizanioides Viburnum V. odorata V.. sweet h. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.Vetiveria V. cassinoides V. sheepberry. minor Viola V. heartsease pansy. lesser p.
Canton g. ginger. officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.
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