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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

This was not to be. wheedling. bereft of hope. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. It needs no sequel. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. With false starts and honest stops.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. and I have had the pleasure of advising. for they had no model and no guide. punching. more of them exist to serve as examples. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . with sparkling enthusiasm. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Ginny had done some writing. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and record every detailall of the failures. and the publisher. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. build it. The turning point came when. Then. seven years ago. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. carefully chosen. whether all their labor was to no avail. This they did. and the experience provided the final section of the book. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. especially poetry. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Again they revised. alterations. pushing. Their energy and charm caught me up. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. successes. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. responded with delight.

" Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. or by contributors. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. by their owners. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. the authors. Not all plants used are herbs. . as in Rosmarinus officinalis. former generic names. Some of these were created by landscape architects. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. and educational purpose. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. while others were prepared by landscape designers. We. and these are capitalizedfor example. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. A range of essential factors is considered herein. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. Italics are always used for botanical names. 1969 and 1980. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. historical interest. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. specialty. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Likewise. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. although countless common names exist. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. degree of maintenance required. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. English thyme. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. without accompanying commentary. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. The herb garden designs alone. rather." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. To achieve this. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. we completed a test garden.

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The late Raymond C. Weatherhead. former managing editors. Eleanor Gambee. Genevieve Jyurovat. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. M. too. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Betty Rea. FAITH H. Rady. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. past presidents. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Alice Skelsey. Nell Neff. Isaacson. Jo Lohmolder. Finally. Wanda Ritchie. Richard T. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. and Joanna Reed. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . and Rexford Talbert. Special thanks are due James C. A lecturer on herbs.D. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. has been especially helpful over the years. Herbert J. president.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former director of same. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. have also been of assistance. His assistant. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Swanson and Robert B. Derthick. She has served. Recognition is due Robert B. librarian. Alexander Apanius. Trudi Bela. has given us valuable information. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. and August Frugé.. Keebler and the late Everest P. Susan Frugé. as expediter and typist. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Lee Buss. We are grateful to many. and the horticulturist. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. and Elizabeth Bryce. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. which made possible the completion of our text.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. and decisions must not be left to chance. the north point will have been indicated. new ways of seeing. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. to increase the value of the property. In order to create a fine garden design. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. not at all difficult to maintain. fences.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. lay out a plan of the property. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. partially excavated area. and structures. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. temples of worship. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Its interest is independent of flowers. and hedges will have been located. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. new plants. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. a front dooryard. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Perennial herbs. "Not difficult to plan. or an abandoned. As Henry Beston reflects. If no ." A good design does not "happen." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. As one constantly reinforces the other. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. some of which are evergreen. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last.

measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > . and hedges. Here. fences. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.

measure to locate the house. other significant structures. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. A deed description. to locate the house. too. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. Next. The object is to . the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. Here. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. and the driveway. Other areas may require a smaller scale. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. In the absence of a survey map. such as the one illustrated here. measurements are in engineer's scale. too. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. In this example. but with all needed information.

lines at an angle. paths. < previous page page_3 next page > . the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. The smaller the scale. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. and parallel lines. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. driveway. triangleof inexpensive plastic. shrubs. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. and unusual land features noted. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. The tools needed for drawing are few. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. enclosures.

As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. old smokehouse.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. and holly. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. greenhouse. bayberry. In the designs that follow. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. One basic rule is the higher the wall. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. brick. or summer kitchen is ideal. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. A toolhouse. and hedges of hemlock. and stone. gazebo." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. Upkeep. In the absence of a structure. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. yew. garage. In some cases. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. With the plan on paper. iron. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. However.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

Generally. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. annual painting is a necessity. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. such as bayberry. some deciduous and some evergreen. deeply evergreen. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. too. Rosemary. Gates are part of the enclosure. For example. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. elegant box. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. or natural. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. At first. a temporary garden that may be changed later. it will seem too sparsely planted. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. or. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. if wood is the material of choice. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. landscape timbers. for reinforcing the design. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. painted. Stained. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. yew. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. as in outdoor room dividers. the garden design is most attractive. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Stone. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. box. Where air circulation is much needed. Whatever the reason. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. as an example. In some climates. . concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. When used with a hedge. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. they can be made to order. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. If desired. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. whether it will be rocks. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. When this reinforcement is understated. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Lower cost is an advantage. Equally important is proportion. and their styles are countless. for example. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Styles are legion. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. and rosemary. so give them much thought. If used. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. but the results will confirm this course. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. railroad ties. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. or pressure-treated lumber. holly. cut stones. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. bricks. however. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Allow adequate room within the row. gray surfaces are found.

the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. awkward and unsafe. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. there is a necessary. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. Conversely. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. It is a general rule that the less the riser. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. too. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. the greater the tread. The colors are various: terracotta. Step materials need not be the same as. Access paths. or red. If groups are walking through. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. because they are just that. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. There are. Paths must be ample. appearance. Choose the path material equally for comfort. for example. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. and maintenance. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. rosy pink. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. but should be compatible with. A width of four feet allows room for turning. their use no less than comfortable.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. . need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. however. cost. making the design more evident.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

(These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. shrubs. too. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. bark or pine needles can be used. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. They are easily renewed as they break down. a result being hazardous footing. or trees to be considered. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. a soft-lead pencil in hand. shad Malus coronaria. When they mature. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. serviceberry. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.) To avoid having a slippery surface. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. is an enjoyable experience. If the garden is made up of separate beds. With these recommendations in mind. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. they should not shade the herbs too much. and many good references are available. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. prepare a planting plan for each. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. This.

What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. 'Mount Hood daff. It needs. Sept. whether they are invasive or tall growing. one-half inch equals one foot. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Do use a soft-lead pencil. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . noting well their growth habits. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. it is easily read and easily erased. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Artifacts As with other gardens. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. a focal point is customarily used. however. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Often this center of interest is a sundial. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. for example. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. lemon thyme. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. too. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. or whatever is best in your case. for example. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. such as the one illustrated here. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. prepare a chart of the plants to be used.

It is then in scale with its frame.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. < previous page page_9 next page > . Again. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. the height of a fence to the house. a niche of its own should be created. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. If a statue less than life-size is used.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. that of good proportion. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. Except for two. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a stylized drawing of an ovary. However. the designs have a decorative north point. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. For easy reference.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Allium 11.Viola tricolor. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. Foeniculum vulgare. 21. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. arcticus 27.Melissa officinalis. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. 4. fennel 2.A.S. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. dill cerasiforme. sweet 25. lemon balm . 6. The first number in each planting area is the key number. which is used here in relation to a garage.Lavandula savory angustifolia.Origanum majorana. lovage 17. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. salad burnet 12. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Poterium sanguisorba. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. Lavenders accent the front corners. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Satureja montana. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Galium odoratum.L. lemon 15. 5. 26.Satureja hortensis. or other structure. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 7.Thymus praecox subsp. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 3.Lobularia maritima.Pelargonium graveolens. The rules of symmetry are observed. sativa. Landscape Architect. A. 1. 14. 16.Ocimum basilicum. 22.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. With color and texture considered for contrast. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. rose 24. a fence. bee balm 13. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. summer 23.

Origanum heracleoticum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.8. curly parsley 10. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 19. leek 9.Petroselinum crispum var. chive 18. Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20. costmary 'Albus'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Greek 28.Salvia officinalis.Porrum Group.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.

Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium graveolens. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Monarda didyma. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. 9. perhaps overgrown with weeds. 11.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Lavandula angustifolia. 18. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Pelargonium tomentosum. 1. white 20. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. as was done here. bush basil 3. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. summer 10. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Foeniculum vulgare. 17. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Aloysia triphylla.Poterium sanguisorba. Petroselinum crispum var. . Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. lemon verbena 21. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. 12.Rosmarinus officinalis. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. French tarragon 2. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider.Artemisia dracunculus var. rose 19. 13.Satureja hortensis. curly parsley sativa.

Origanum majorana.Rosa eglanteria. 16. English'. 14.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. eglantine 23. English thyme dill 8.salad burnet 6. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Thymus × citriodorus.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Galium odoratum.

< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Salvia officinalis. sweet marjoram 3.Allium schoenoprasum.A. 13. English thyme Greek oregano 4. dill 2. Origanum heracleoticum. A. garden sage 8. Then the design might need to be expanded. summer savory 11. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Satureja hortensis. lemon thyme 10. The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Levisticum officinale. Origanum majorana. 7. and the plan could be used at a front door. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Even in limited space.Taxus cuspidata. however. salad burnet 14.Chionanthus virginicus.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus × citriodorus. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Japanese yew 17. sativa. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L. The garden is conveniently located. still observing a scale. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Mentha spicata. spearmint 16. lovage 15. 9.Artemisia dracunculus var. parsley 5. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Petroselinum crispum. . The image would soon give way to other considerations.S. however. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.

sweet basil chive 12.Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.

lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. the challenge is obvious.Asarum canadense. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 7. This is an intimate garden.Osmunda cinnamomea. summer 21. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Primula vulgaris. Jacob's-ladder 3.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. Viola odorata.Humulus lupulus. leek Foeniculum vulgare. cinnamon fern 4.Thymus × citriodorus. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Monarda didyma. sweet violet 16. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 25. 6. 9. The long. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. bee balm 14. 31. 30.L. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Stachys byzantina. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Polystichum acrostichoides. hop sativa. 13.Allium ampeloprasum. 32.Pulmonaria officinalis. 8.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. Dictamnus albus. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Teucrium chamaedrys.S. 33. fennel 19. Christmas fern 5. 18. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. garden sage 17. 1. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fraxinella 15. Landscape Architect.Santolina chamaecyparissus. yellow 29. A. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.A. salad 20. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. blue lungwort 26. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.Convallaria majalis.Polemonium reptans. wild ginger 27. lavender marjoram 2.Origanum majorana. The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon thyme 28. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Digitalis grandiflora.

crispum.lilac 10.Satureja montana. sweet 34. yellow bedstraw 23. Canada hemlock Standard'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Galium odoratum.Buxus microphylla var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Korean box 11. winter savory 24.Tsuga canadensis.Petroselinum crispum var.savory germander Willmott'.Sorbus americana. French thyme woodruff koreana. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . 35.Galium verum. French'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.

To be placed near the kitchen.Aloysia triphylla. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Rumex scutatus. It is a pleasing. lemon verbena 2. neapolitanum. Italian parsley .Origanum heracleoticum. garden sage 20. it became part of the patio.Salvia officinalis.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. 19." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. Even so. this design can be an inspiration. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. geometric design. 1. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. dill 10.Petroselinum crispum var. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. One of the beds. Surprisingly. devoted to a "yearly surprise.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.

French thyme 'Citriodorum'. chervil marjoram 21. sweet 18.Petroselinum crispum var.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. French tarragon 5.Allium schoenoprasum. basil sativa. garlic chive 26.Melissa officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet 13.Anthriscus cerefolium. 16. winter savory 24. purple basil 4.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja montana.Borago officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 12. chive 25. borage 'Purpurascens'.Allium tuberosum. Alpine strawberry 7. lemon basil 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Myrrhis odorata. curly parsley 22. sweet 14. summer savory 23. English thyme bush basil 8.Origanum majorana. crispum. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Satureja hortensis. salad 15.3.17. lemon balm cicely 6.

blue 22.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. lamb's-ears 20. 1. purple basil 4.Stachys byzantina. rosemary 3.Galium odoratum. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. The center beds here were established in this way. the work paths could be eliminated. English lavender 10. too. Created in an orderly way. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. green santolina 12. it is an unusual. it is full of interesting angles.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Thymus × citriodorus. 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Pelargonium in variety. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. 14.Santolina virens. sweet cicely 23. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Myrrhis odorata. As a whole.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Hyssopus officinalis. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. sweet 13. winter 21. scented-leaf geranium 2.Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana. To increase the planting area. gray .C. so. D. geometric design.

silver mound artemisia 18. horehound24.Ilex opaca. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. clove pink 7.Artemisia abrotanum. classic myrtle 9. 25. French thyme santolina 15.Marrubium vulgare.6.Salvia officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus caryophyllus. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . germander 16.Artemisia camphorata.Myrtus communis. camphor-scented wormwood 8.

The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. 1. yarrow 12.Calendula officinalis. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Galium odoratum. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. absinthe 26. pot marigold 24. Coix lacryma-jobi.Rosmarinus officinalis. winter savory 16. too. This center of interest is of particular note. gray santolina 13.Chamaemelum . sweet woodruff 5. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Melissa officinalis. rosemary 15. purple basil 3. Its arrow points north and. tansy 25.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 21. Lavandula angustifolia. sweet basil 4. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. French tarragon 14. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. sativa. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. which adds its impression of warmth. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. borage 23.Borago officinalis.Satureja montana. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia absinthium. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Artemisia dracunculus var. Job's tears 11. lemon balm 22. Achillea millefolium. blue hyssop 2. Ocimum basilicum. English lavender 6. Sometimes space is limited. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. and if an herb garden is to be created at all.Hyssopus officinalis. casts the shadow for the hour. this herb garden is secluded.

garden sage 19.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. chamomile 17. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Origanum majorana. marjoram pecan 10. variegated garden sage 8. chive 18.7. pineapplescented sage 9.Syringa.Chrysanthemum balsamita. costmary 'Albus'. scented-leaf 27. white creeping thyme nobile.Pelargonium in variety. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. wild marjoram 28.Origanum vulgare. comfrey20. Salvia officinalis.Carya illinoinensis. sweet 29. Salvia elegans.Symphytum officinale.

garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. sunken into the ground. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 9. true ginger16. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 7. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 5. dill 20.Pelargonium × limoneum.Myrrhis odorata.Melissa officinalis. 1. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. sweet 34. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium sativum. French sorrel 21. Anthriscus cerefolium.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Apium graveolens.Teucrium chamaedrys. sativa.Origanum majorana. rose geranium 2.Allium schoenoprasum. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Salvia officinalis. 29. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.Ipomoea alba. garlic Levisticum officinale.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 36. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 19. blue 23.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. 4. 30. summer 32. rue 31. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja hortensis. sweet cicely 37. parsley 17. 8.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. When controlled in this way.Pelargonium graveolens. horehound 33. lemon balm 35. chervil 15. 18. 6. hyssop Meyer lemon . for example lemon balm and spearmint.Galium odoratum. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Ruta graveolens. 3. lovage 22. The more invasive ones.

Japanese yew 39.Mentha spicata. salad burnet 25. lemon verbena 11.Magnolia virginiana. sweet basil 38. French thyme 24.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme 26.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . Greek oregano 12. spearmint 27. dwarf nasturtium 13.Poterium sanguisorba.Origanum heracleoticum. bush basil 14.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Tropaeolum minus.10. lemonthyme 28.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Aloysia triphylla.

Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. whatever the reason. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. however.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. a quick way to ensure good drainage. < previous page page_22 next page > . Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. "Simplify. but. simplify!. the insect-repellent pennyroyal.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

sweet 17.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. rue 20. aloe Grossum Group.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 22. jewelweed24. 12.Allium fistulosum.Lindera benzoin. 1. bell pepper 6.The number in each planting area is the key number.Aloe barbadensis.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 15.Monarda didyma.Capsicum frutescens.Petroselinum crispum. balm sativa. garden sage 3.Rosmarinus officinalis.Impatiens capensis.Hedeoma pulegioides.Satureja hortensis.Mentha x piperita. arcticus. dill 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. spicebush absinthe French'.Tanacetum vulgare. 18. French tarragon 5. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. spearmint 21. summer basil savory 7. tomato American pennyroyal 4. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Lactuca sativa.Mentha spicata.Salvia officinalis.Origanum majorana. peppermint 23.Melissa officinalis. tansy 11. lettuce 10.Allium schoenoprasum. bee balm 19. parsley 2. 14.Artemisia absinthium. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . sweet 25.Ocimum basilicum. 26.Ruta graveolens.Anethum graveolens. 16.Galium odoratum.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

germander 7. A low wall of brick. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. 8. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. French thyme 2. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Teucrium chamaedrys. 1.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.Pelargonium in variety. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. encloses this plan. too. Russian 13. faced and capped with random.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Perovskia abrotanoides. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. arcticus 14. horizontally laid bluestone. Thymus praecox subsp. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. . The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.

angustifolia. lemon thyme 10. trumpet vine 16.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Campsis radicans. witch hazel 18.Galium odoratum. lemon balm hyssop 12.Santolina neapolitana 4. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crimson creeping thyme 9.Viburnum cassinoides. Thymus × citriodorus. arcticus 'Albus'.Hamamelis virginiana. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. blue 11.Thymus praecox subsp. lady's6. lavender 3.Alchemilla vulgaris.Melissa officinalis. St.Hyssopus officinalis. white creeping thyme 5.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .-John'swort 17.

Although this is not a large garden. box. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. the shrubsyew. holly. However. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. Germander is a proper edging here. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. It is. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. however. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. < previous page page_28 next page > . arcticus and encloses the herb garden. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. lilac.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

red creeping thyme 10.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. germander 36.Satureja montana.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. 18.Artemisia frigida. 26.Hyssopus officinalis. woolly thyme 7. sweet violet 19. shrubby cinquefoil 46. white hyssop 4. lady's. Alchemilla vulgaris.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. blue horehound hyssop 3. Thymus praecox subsp. mint silver mound artemisia 25. 9. prostrate rosemary 13. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Cytisus supinus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. 1. santolina alpine pink 28.Borago officinalis.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. classic myrtle 15. dwarf box 41. fraxinella 33. alpine strawberry 8. dwarf privet 48. dwarf crested iris 39. Marrubium vulgare. 21.Myrtus communis. Myrrhis odorata.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. lilac 45. lamb'sears 35. florentina.Anemone pulsatilla. mantle chamomile 5.Salvia leucophylla. lavender 22. green 27.Santolina virens. Simkins'. clary 30. winter 29. arcticus 'Albus'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 32.Thymus praecox subsp. Mentha requienii. orris 38.Eloise & Jo Ray.Chamaemelum nobile.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. 23.Stachys byzantina.Iris cristata. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Corsican 24.Dictamnus albus. Japanese holly 47. cottage pink 2. Viola odorata. columnal yew 43. gray sage savory 14.Iris × germanica var. Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia sclarea.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Japanese holly 42. fringed wormwood 16. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Heliotropium arborescens. 12. broom 40.Ruta graveolens.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Santolina pinnata 34.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus praecox subsp. rue 6.Comptonia peregrina. Japanese yew 44.20. sweet albula. sweet cicely17. white creeping thyme 37.Artemisia camphorata.Syringa patula. crimson creeping thyme 31.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.

a cutting garden. a running bond pattern. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. < previous page page_30 next page > . These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. Other paths are brick. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. This hedge. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. an herb garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. while adding to the enclosure of the area. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The direction a path takes can add interest. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. the center of interest for the herb garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and a vegetable garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden.

S. A. Landscape Architect.L.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. .

Satureja hortensis.Allium christophii.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. 53.Santolina virens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum 54.Pelargonium in variety. alpine strawberry 3.Chrysanthemum × superbum. double white peony of-Persia 12. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. blue 27.Helleborus niger. Christmas 48. green santolina 42. lamb's-ears 49. white 'Bouquet'.Limonium latifolium. lemon 29.Stokesia laevis. lemon thyme 40.Origanum heracleoticum. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. 1.Hemerocallis × luteola. sativa. 52.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. 50. Aquilegia chrysantha. verbena rose chive 11.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Stachys byzantina. 37. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana.Thymus × citriodorus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. Campanula persicifolia.Digitalis grandiflora. bush basil 41. Rosmarinus officinalis. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. cottage pink French'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. lavender 18. 22. sweet 51. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. French thyme 7. yellow epimedium 15. blue iris 9. dill wishbone flower 5. 47.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. winter savory 44. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. candytuft Standard'. statice Solemacher'.Magnolia virginiana. yellow 35.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Origanum majorana. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. Anethum graveolens 23. purple basil Japanese holly 17. germander 39.Salvia sclarea. 55. 32.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. Stokes' aster 31. garden sage 56.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. Louise'. fraxinella 26. pale 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Galium odoratum.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla. yellow 24. blue hyssop 43. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Lilium candidum. clary 46. sweet marjoram 45.Hyssopus officinalis. 14.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. plantain lily 2. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. York-andLancaster rose 16.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Polystichum acrostichoides. summer 34. Achillea taygetea. Dictamnus albus.Ribes alpinum. starsMaxima'. French tarragon 8. helenium 4.

Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. While serving as a soil retainer. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. as in this case. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. < previous page page_32 next page > . Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. a retaining wall or walls are needed. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden.

Lavandula angustifolia. Melissa officinalis. spearmint 41.Allium schoenoprasum. borage 26. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Alchemilla vulgaris.Mentha spicata. F. lemon verbena 46. lamb's25. 1. bee balm 24. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lemon 22. Stachys byzantina.R. Borago officinalis. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. English 44.Aloysia triphylla.Tanacetum vulgare var.Iris cristata.A. 21.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. crispum. sweet 23.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Viola odorata. The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium odoratum. Landscape Architect.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Iris pseudacorus. Ocimum basilicum. lady's43.A. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.45. Monarda didyma. 42. . sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.

Verbascum thapsus.Quercus stellata. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Allium cepa. wild 39. pink hawthorn 16.Allium tuberosum.Origanum heracleoticum. flowering dogwood 15. Greek 53. leek 49.Allium sativum.Mentha × piperita var. mullein chive 47. savory sativa. 52. 37.Petroselinum crispum var. fennel 35. rosemary 9.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia absinthium. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Artemisia abrotanum.Dianthus caryophyllus. post crispum 'Banquet'. curly parsley oak 17. garden sage 36. 57. 40. 33. absinthe English thyme 27.Cassia marilandica.Elaeagnus pungens.Crataegus arkansana.Salvia officinalis. orange mint 29. salad burnet 10. tabasco senna pepper 20. pineapple38.Salvia elegans. rue 51.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. horehound neapolitanum. catnip 50.Origanum majorana. dill 34. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. summer 32. Porrum Group.Vinca minor. pennyroyal 54.Mentha pulegium. citrata.Petroselinum crispum var. southernwood 31.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosa × rehderana.Cornus florida.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. polyantha rose 12.Allium ampeloprasum.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. 56. myrtle 58. Egyptian onion 11. carpet bugleweed 8. garlic chive 48. Proliferum Group.Nepeta cataria.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet marjoram 28. clove 55. curly mint 30. Ajuga reptans. Poterium sanguisorba.7. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Foeniculum vulgare.Capsicum frutescens.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Ruta graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. Rosmarinus officinalis. French tarragon holly 13.Satureja hortensis.Chrysanthemum balsamita.

It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. However. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. sleep pillows. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. and vinegars. mothproofing bags. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Although this is a northeast exposure. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. < previous page page_34 next page > .

Wilcox. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Allium sphaerocephalum. lettuce in variety 25. French tarragon 10. 'President Poincare'.Artemisia abrotanum. dwarf savory garden sage 13. costmary 5. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium fragrans.Salvia elegans. 1. salad 22. 50. crispum. lavender 7. lilac 32.The number in each planting area is the key number. florentina. 23. daylily in variety 41.Galium odoratum. southernwood 9.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. winter 29. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. 49. chive 43. round-headed garlic 46. Proliferum Group. 24.Tanacetum vulgare. Lactuca. pot 28. Artemisia pontica. lily leek 44. burnet lovage 6. tansy 16. Roman 20.Calendula officinalis. bay 48.Allium moly. rue 26.Salvia oficinalis.Ocimum basilicum 27. peppermint geranium 40. Egyptian onion 42. sativa. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium cepa.Mentha spicata. garden sage 2. lemon verbena 36.Pelargonium tomentosum. anise hyssop 14. Hallock'.Satureja montana. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Monarda didyma.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Allium pulchellum 47.Agastache foeniculum.Rumex scutatus. American rosemary arborvitae 34. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Hyssopus officinalis . Petroselinum crispum var.Allium sativum var.Aloysia triphylla.Tsuga canadensis. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Iris × germanica var. nutmeg geranium 39. 19. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. orris 17.Allium schoenoprasum. Ruta graveolens. dwarf nasturtium 37.Melissa officinalis. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Pelargonium graveolens.Laurus nobilis. Thymus × citriodorus. purple basil sage 11.Tropaeolum minus. blue hyssop 35. lemon 18.Hemerocallis. balm valerian 15.Rosmarinus officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. Poterium sanguisorba. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . lemon 31. 'Monge'.Valeriana officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thuja occidentalis. 21.Levisticum officinale. bee balm 30. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. garden 'Purpurascens'.

A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. < previous page page_36 next page > . is the focus of the middle level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Invasive. A simple knot.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.

foxglove 4. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. French tarragon 44.Satureja hortensis.Armeria maritima. bee balm 26. Digitalis purpurea.Salvia elegans.Poterium sanguisorba. pineapple mint 22.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer savory 43.Foeniculum vulgare. sativa. Satureja montana 'Nana'. pineapplescented sage 47.Monarda didyma.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubium vulgare.Sempervivum tectorum. thyme 3. fennel 25. valerian 5. Valeriana officinalis. golden thyme . Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. white thrift 24. houseleek 45. dwarf winter savory 2. salad burnet 23. 1. horehound 46.

annual clary 51.Sium sisarum. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. germander 56. China rose comfrey 19. white creeping thyme aconite 14. garden 42. 33. feverfew climbing rose 16. sweet 50.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Salvia viridis.Salvia officinalis. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.6. 39.Lilium candidum. Dictamnus albus.Hyssopus officinalis. arcticus 55.Laurus nobilis. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. fraxinella 8.Myrrhis odorata. 40. parthenium. lavender Christmas rose 11. Salvia sclarea. viper's 34.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. English 52. rosemary 28.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum. 61.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Helleborus niger.Helleborus orientalis.Echium vulgare.Anemone pulsatilla. white 58. pink 62. sweet 32. rue 31.Eranthis hyemalis. 54. sweet 37. French'. angelica Lenten rose 10. Madonna cicely lily 12.Lavandula angustifolia. marigold chive 15. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Rosa eglanteria. pink 59.Ruta graveolens.Rosa chinensis.Foeniculum vulgare. blue hyssop 57.Origanum majorana.Chrysanthemum 36. clary 48. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. dyer's woad 7. absinthe 53.Symphytum officinale. Angelica archangelica.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil sage 27.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia absinthium. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Agrimonia eupatoria.Teucrium chamaedrys.Calendula officinalis. 38. dwarf edging box 21. yellow 41.Galium verum.Galium odoratum. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. pot 35. 30.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. skirret 60.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Isatis tinctoria.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Crocus sativus.

Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Carya ovata. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. There is variety in this plan. and the shagbark hickory. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. However. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. even though space is limited.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. < previous page page_38 next page > . Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.

Landscape Architect . Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.

blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Galium verum. Poterium sanguisorba. sativa. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. French Galium odoratum. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Canada Isatis tinctoria. citrata. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. box Buxus sempervirens. Asarum canadense. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. valerian Rosa damascena. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. rue Cornusflorida. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. sweet basil Satureja montana. green santolina Primula veris. stewardsonii. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. borage Petroselinum crispum. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. germander Agastache foeniculum. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. Aloysia triphylla. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. chive Ilex opaca. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. red mint . daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. Artemisia absinthium. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. box Ruta graveolens. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Arisaema triphyllum. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. Adiantum pedatum. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. dogwood Salvia sclarea. Marrubium vulgare. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. box Carya ovata. angelica Mondarda didyma. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. lamb's. bee balm Melissa officinalis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. flax Buxus sempervirens. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. it is open on the side facing the house.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. this excavation. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. a dipping pool there. too. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. An informal. is on a sandy knoll. first intended for the construction of a cottage. For this appearance. unplanned look was desired. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A clump of birch here. However. A singular statue of St. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. < previous page page_40 next page > . This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Marrubium vulgare.Origanum vulgare. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Petroselinum crispum. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 8.Hyssopus officinalis.Consolida orientalis. gray scented sage santolina 4. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 38. 77. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Armeria maritima. wild 43. 31.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Valeriana officinalis.Achillea tomentosa. catnip 73. chive crispum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 32.Monarda didyma. 75.Mentha × piperita. 53.Mentha pulegium. 64. thrift55. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Tanacetum vulgare var. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. garden sage lungwort 57.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. French'. sea onion angelica 24. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. creeping juniper 26. sweet 71. 33.Viola tricolor. Thymus praecox subsp. 12.Convallaria majalis. pennyroyal 46.Pelargonium quercifolium. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. Sempervivum tectorum. 34. mint 50. pot 66.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Chelidonium majus. woolly thyme 13. feverfew 27. 65.Urginea maritima. 61.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium crispum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium favum lovage 22. apple mint 49. orris chamaecyparissus. 30.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon 35. bee balm . myrtle 14. Johnny-jump-up54.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. rose geranium 10.Anethum graveolens.Origanum onites. golden 37. 'Prostratus'. spearmint 45. Ruta graveolens.Satureja montana.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Vinca minor.Digitalis purpurea.Monarda fistulosa. red mint 48. 58.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Chrysanthemum 80. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. 69. 72. pineapple3.Pelargonium graveolens. 52.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 63.Artemisia abrotanum. Iris × germanica var. fern-leaf tansy 23. lemon balm 44.Lavandula angustifolia.Anthriscus cerefolium.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Angelica archangelica. rose bergamot valerian 25.Nepeta cataria.Mentha × gentilis. 60.Thymus praecox subsp. 78. wild 51. Thymus × citriodorus. 70. marsh 42.Mentha suaveolens. orange geranium 11. white birch English lavender parthenium.Ajuga reptans.Digitalis grandiflora. blue 2.Satureja hortensis. 59. 74. 36.Levisticum officinale.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium tomentosum.Pelargonium denticulatum. 79.Thymus herba-barona. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Salvia elegans. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. Artemisia dracunculusvar. purple basil 9. 1. 68.Althaea officinalis. rue 29. 67.Coriandrum sativum.Teucrium canadense.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 76. winter savory 20. peppermint 47. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Santolina florentina.Poterium sanguisorba.Glechoma hederacea.Stachys byzantina.Rosa 'Merry England'. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Betula papyrifera.Melissa officinalis.Mentha spicata. celandine cicely 18.

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The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. < previous page page_42 next page > . Foundation stone. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the accents of the six large box. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. is used for the wall. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the same as the smokehouse construction. Because of the edging box. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. making it more a part of the herb garden. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. and the two small trees.

A. Landscape Architect.L. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.A.

31. Corsican 33. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Angelica archangelica. sweet cicely45. orange mint 19.Crocus.Artemisia dracunculus var. rosemary 3.38. purple basil sativa. fringed 43. box 'Citriodorum'.Viola tricolor. spearmint 48. 41.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. balm citrata. 22. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Chrysanthemum 28.Satureja montana. 35. sweet marjoram 2. 40. summer 25. Asarum europaeum.Tanacetum vulgare var.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 27. 1. 21. lady's. lemon basil 15. European ginger 4. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Myrrhis odorata.Alchemilla vulgaris. Rosmarinus officinalis. 47.The number in each planting area is the key number. verbena English thyme 5.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. 44.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha × piperita. sweet 37. English 'Minimum'.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha spicata. 'Purpurascens'. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Prunus domestica. sweet 26.Mentha requienii. lovage 46. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Ocimum basilicum. winter 42.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium giganteum.Crataegus laevigata.Ocimum basilicum 30. Pelargonium graveolens. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Artemisia frigida.Pulmonaria officinalis. 39. balsamita. Origanum majorana. species in variety crispum.Melissa officinalis.Galium odoratum.Buxus sempervirens. Lavandula angustifolia.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. blue angelica lungwort 20. Satureja hortensis. bee balm 29. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Mentha × piperita var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Lilium candidum. Ocimum basilicum 24. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . dwarf edging box 14. Symphytum officinale. fraxinella 17.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Levisticum officinale.Ocimum basilicum 32. lemon 34. Dictamnus albus. white 23.Fritillaria imperialis. lemon 36.Allium schoenoprasum. pineapple mint 18.

Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. This is true also of the stone curbing. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. The dipping bowl. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. This hedge. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. although it is ample at four feet. Instead. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. the dwarf box edging. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. two specimen shrubs. a soil retainer. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Lowgrowing. pink of Dianthus. too. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. < previous page page_44 next page > . creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk.

L.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.A. .S. Landscape Architect.

lemon 33. 1.Leucojum aestivum.The number in each planting area is the key number. 26. lily.Hamamelis virginiana.Satureja montana.Crocus kotschyanus.Borago officinalis.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. winter savory 39. Thymus doerfleri. white 42. 56. angel's-tears 59. orange mint 8.Convallaria majalis.57.Crocus angustifolius.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Galanthus nivalis. sweet 27. Santolina chamaecyparissus. angustifolia 'Nana'.Aloysia triphylla. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Thymus herba-barona.Thymus × citriodorus. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. catmint 35.Angelica archangelica.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 34. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Galium odoratum. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Crocus speciosus. 'Lanuginosus'. Compactus'.Narcissus triandrus var.Teucrium canadense. Thymus praecox subsp. Madonna 63.Mentha × piperita.Anemone blanda.Helleborus lividus subsp.Levisticum officinale.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. sweet 47. Origanum majorana. 17. lemon 60. white creeping thyme lovage 10. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 40. 44. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 49. caraway thyme albus. sweet 55. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 20. 58. verbena snowflake 19. tulip citrata. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. rue25.Pelargonium in variety. green santolina 37.Thymus praecox subsp. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 2. 54.Nepeta mussinii.Cimicifuga racemosa. 53.Pelargonium in variety. 45. marjoram crocus 7. prostrate rosemary 18.Mentha × piperita var.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. black cohosh windflower 15. American 38.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. 61.Mertensia virginica. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. spearmint 48.Dicentra spectabilis.Lilium candidum. clary 32. 52.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Ocimum basilicum. Salvia officinalis.Salvia sclarea.Narcissus asturiensis.Sternbergia lutea. gray 22.Digitalis grandiflora.Crocus tomasinianus. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Heliotropium arborescens.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. golden thyme41.Helleborus niger. arcticus 30. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Santolina virens.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Allium christophii.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 46. borage 31. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Spanish bluebell 16. lamb's-ears 28.Myrica pensylvanica. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 36. 43.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Tulipa clusiana. Stachys byzantina.Mentha spicata. 51. 50. thyme 29.

late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The results have been most satisfying. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. First. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Second. Morning sun warms it early. very livable and profoundly satisfying.

tulip 45. sweet basil 23.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Ocimum basilicum. 26. absinthe sativa. Beauty'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Origanum heracleoticum. wild celery 42.L. Thymus praecox subsp. crocus 44.S. .Salvia officinalis. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Allium ampeloprasum.Apium graveolens.Salvia sclarea. Landscape Architect.Artemisia dracunculus var. clary thyme 22.A.Artemisia lactiflora.Tulipa tarda. Artemisia absinthium 24. Porrum Group. The number in each planting area is the key number. 'Lambrook Silver'. English thyme 43. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Crocus sieberi.Allium neapolitanum. garden sage 4. French tarragon 5. woolly thyme 3. leek 46. Thymus × citriodorus. 25. lemon 21. A.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. marigold 41.

Aconitum napellus.Santolina virens. green 40. 58. 54.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Dianthus × allwoodii.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. American elderberry 15.Galium mollugo. pale 49.foxglove 7. clematis 11.Ilex opaca.Ipomoea alba.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. butterfly 47.Allium schoenoprasum.Stachys byzantina. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. Lavandula angustifolia.Petroselinum crispum var. fraxinella 36. alpine 28.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. 32. yellow 55.Aloysia triphylla. lamb's-ears 52.Asclepias tuberosa. American marjoram Yellow'. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Hyssopus officinalis. 8. pink 30.Malus hupehensis. red currant gray santolina 13.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Tropaeolum minus. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Achillea filipendula 60. lemon 50.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. catmint 53. Viola odorata.Origanum majorana. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. 39. 29.Artemisia camphorata. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. curly parsley 20. monkshood upright yew 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus. weed chive 48.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. sweet 37. white evergreen azalea 16.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. Robert verbena Brydon'.Nepeta × faassenii.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. lovage 34.Lobelia siphilitica. dogwood 19. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Allium senescens var.Clematis 'Mrs.Levisticum officinale. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Digitalis grandiflora. great 31. viola holly 18.Cornus florida.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Ribes sativum. blue 38.Dictamnus albus. lobelia Sherbert'.Crataegus phaenopyrum. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . 56.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

are raised with bricks on edge. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. A birdbath of copper.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. The four herb beds. an impression of Sol in it. repeats again the octagonal form. Well-drained as they are. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. even though the growing area is not extensive. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

lemon 41. spearmint southernwood 5. rue 35. Galium odoratum. 28.Mentha spicata. 16.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French tarragon 7. dill 18. thyme salad burnet 40. sativa. lavender 15. variegated garden sage 37. absinthe 20.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia officinalis. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Salvia sclarea. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . purple variegated garden sage 36. silver mound artemisia 8.Heliotropium arborescens.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Pelargonium tomentosum. purple basil 24.Mentha × piperita.Marrubium vulgare. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium denticulatum. lemon 39.Joan E. 1.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. gray 'Prince of Orange'. rosemary 33. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. clary 21. peppermint 4.Pelargonium crispum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet woodruff 9. Artemisia absinthium.Thymus × citriodorus. 29.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia. curly mint 3. clove pink 10. 19.Lavandula angustifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 27.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet basil 22.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 30. prostrate rosemary 34. crispum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Anethum graveolens. 43. bush basil 23.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. Stachys byzantina. 42. lamb's-ears 17. white creeping thyme 12. golden variegated garden sage 38. heliotrope 31.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. Artemisia dracunculus var. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. curly parsley 32.Pelargonium graveolens.Petroselinum crispum var. Artemisia abrotanum.Allium tuberosum.Nepeta mussinii. French 26.Rosmarinus officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ocimum basilicum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. English thyme horehound 2.Santolina 25.Lavandula dentata. catmint 6.Ruta graveolens.Poterium sanguisorba. orange santolina geranium 11.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Semple.

The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. A birdbath may replace the pool. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. rose. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. a toolhouse. and lantana are a few. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. < previous page page_52 next page > . lemon verbena. A suitable fence. if neither is available. rose geranium. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. too.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

A.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. lemon thyme 20.Thymus × citriodorus.Origanum majorana.S. crispum. white creeping thyme 2. 13. lemon 10.Artemisia absinthium 11. bush basil 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. absinthe 'Minimum'. rosescented geranium 17. A. zonal geranium 19.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. 7.Pelargonium frutetorum. green 12. heliotrope 21. gray santolina chamomile 14.Chamaemelum nobile.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. fern-leaf tansy 8.Tanacetum vulgare var. lavender 3.Chenopodium botrys. 9.Heliotropium arborescens. The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis. zonal geranium 18. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. verbena ambrosia 4. Landscape Architect.Santolina virens. geranium 16.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme 15. sweet santolina marjoram 6. Thymus praecox subsp.Aloysia triphylla. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .L. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.

Box and holly enclose it all. a deep mauve to others. Angelica. apothecary's rose. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. artemisias. Hyssop hedges define the circles. the design is clearly traced. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. As the snows melt. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. These can easily obliterate a design. a sundial. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. but the design itself has endured forty years. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. box. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. The dwarf box frames the focal point. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. mints.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

orris box 22. gray 37. 55. sweet 27. weld 54. Chamaemelum nobile. arcticus 38.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. garden sage Christmas rose 10. scented. dyer's woad 9. rue 23.Pulmonaria officinalis. southernwood 2. 59. 58. germander 43. alpine 60. apothecary's rose lavender 20. green santolina 24. 62. valerian 6. Pelargonium in variety. wild 52.Lamium album. 48. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Melissa officinalis. arcticus 39.Hyssopus officinalis. daffodil 17. 56.Tanacetum vulgare var.Helleborus atrorubens 12. fern-leaf tansy 5.47.Santolina neapolitana 36.Buxus sempervirens. 'Albus'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 65.Foeniculum vulgare.Helleborus orientalis. perilla 51.Thymus praecox subsp. feverfew 14. skirret 53.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Stachys byzantina. orris 57.Armeria maritima. Satureja montana. bronze 64. blue 50. thrift 41.Iris × germanica var.Vitis. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . piney 44. Origanum majorana. winter savory 32.Origanum onites.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. masterwort 69.Myrrhis odorata.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. green. lady's-mantle 46.Helleborus niger.Monarda fistulosa. lilac 70. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme 18. butterfly weed35. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Sium sisarum. dwarf edging box 21. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Pyrus communis. Rosmarinus officinalis. leaf geranium French lavender 8. Santolina virens. grape fennel 19.Artemisia absinthium.Alchemilla vulgaris.Arisaema dracontium.Alchemilla alpina. lamb's-ears 33.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. absinthe 34. bush basil nettle orpine 4. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. Graham.Sempervivum tectorum.Perillafrutescens.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. 67.Sedum telephium.63. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.30. rosemary 25.Syringa. blue hyssop 42. white creeping thyme French'.Taxus.Artemisia camphorata. sweet woodruff45.Galium odoratum.Paeonia officinalis.James D.Asarum europaeum.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Canadian burnet 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. white dead 49. nasturtium 28.Astrantia major. chamomile 31. arcticus 40.Lilium candidum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Tropaeolum majus.Reseda luteola. pot bergamot marjoram 7. 26. florentina. white 66.Lavandula dentata.Symphytum officinale. Dianthus caryophyllus. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Valeriana officinalis. yew Beauty'.Isatis tinctoria. marjoram lungwort crispum.Asclepias tuberosa. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. clove pink 29.

even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. At the top of the steps.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. The large. Rosa 'Albertine'. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. < previous page page_56 next page > . include this one." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. In addition to the brick edging around each. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. They are small specialty beds. If there is room for only one rambler rose. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. The brick edging around each bed is a help. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. rising from the courtyard. but no panacea for the maintenance required. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. pink. However. with buds of red. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry.

Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Carum carvi. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender 4.Melissa officinalis. angelica 20. 23. rhubarb 2.Borago officinalis. caraway 24.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. English thyme . borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Rheum rhabarbarum. 22.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. alpine strawberry 3. garden sage 40. winter savory 41. bush basil 43. 1.Satureja montana.Tanacetum vulgare. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. foxglove 39. lemon balm 42. tansy Bois'. Lavandula angustifolia.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Angelica archangelica.Thymus × citriodorus.

Allium schoenoprasum. muscosa 15.Salvia elegans. clove pink Mammoth'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. Pelargonium graveolens. 36. 35. 31.Origanum majorana. thyme frutescens. curly parsley 26.Tagetes filifolia. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . Mexican tea 18. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Chrysanthemum.R. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.'Baronne Prevost'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.R.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. 54. lemon 51. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Calendula officinalis.Marrubium vulgare.sativa. bourbon rose 10. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. French 33.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.R.Petroselinum crispum var.Dianthus Victoria'. sweet 37. marguerite chive 9. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. French'. musk rose 12. geranium in 30.Teucrium chamaedrys. 56.R. rose 28. Hyssopus officinalis. centifolia 'Cristata'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. centifolia.Satureja hortensis. salad 7. centifolia var.'Albertine'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. cheddar pink 53. Consolida ambigua. var.R. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.6.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. pot 50.Pelargonium.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.R.Chenopodium 55.Aloysia triphylla. blue hyssop 25. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Mentha × piperita var. 45.Poterium sanguisorba. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Lavandula dentata. 29.Laurus nobilis. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 49.R.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Anethum graveolens 47. prostrate rosemary 16. silver 27. pineapple34.Chrysanthemum 46. Thymus 'Argenteus'. Irish-lace 48. citrata.

It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. as it should be. < previous page page_58 next page > . this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Laid in an unusual pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Balance is augmented. It is near the house. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Albus'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. A. English thyme signet marigold 11.Heliotropium arborescens.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. chive lemon verbena 6.Anethum graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Aloysia triphylla.Santolina virens. lavender 2. blue hyssop 13. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . white creeping thyme 4.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.L.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf edging box 8. 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 23.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja hortensis.Hyssopus officinalis.Myosotis sylvatica.Poterium sanguisorba. 1. 19. 17.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 20. gray 15.Origanum majorana.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dill 9.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. Landscape Architect.S. green 22.Allium schoenoprasum. rosemary yellow viola 10. sweet basil 14. double white peony 5.Salvia officinalis. 21. Rosmarinus officinalis.A. 16. English'. santolina moss rose 7. heliotrope 3.

the fence with roses. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. < previous page page_60 next page > . The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. Herbs. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. winter pruned. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and the grape arbor. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. too. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. potted lemon verbena. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The grape vines.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and a comfortable.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

three. lemon Linum perenne. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Aloysia triphylla. Althaea officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 4. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Galium odoratum. conical yew rosemary 1. Stachys byzantina.Connecticut Vera Breed. Nepeta mussinii. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Teucrium chamaedrys. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I .Amsonia tabernaemontana. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Valeriana officinalis. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. lovage Myrrhis odorata. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Iris cristata. BED II germander BED IV 2. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. marsh climbing rose. 3. lamb's-ears Santolina virens.

catmint 5. lemon thyme 9. Rosmarinus officinalis. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. creeping thyme in variety 8. angustifolia 'Munstead'. plume Baptisia australis. Chamaemelum nobile. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fairy rose Giant'. beach Marrubium vulgare. lemon Anemone hybrida. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Thymus. Delphinium × belladonna. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . sweet Lavandula angustifolia. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. lavender 10. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. houseleek in variety 7. Sempervivum. Thymus × citriodorus. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. tuberosa 6.

an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. planted in bands across these beds. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Another angle could be tried with these. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . magnolia. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Later. if desired. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. and bright green in the herb beds. its detail is shown below. Herbs. blue green. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. silver. this was replaced with ''edging" box. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. holly. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. tend to broaden the width of the garden. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Either it flourished too well. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. grew too large. Ivy. myrtle.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

tansy 45.Artemisia abrotanum. 1. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. horehound germander 17. 44. lamb's. gray santolina 15.Hedera helix. French 27.Magnolia grandiflora. box chamaecyparissus.Ilex opaca. lime geranium 4. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp. thyme 37.Rosmarinus officinalis. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . English ivy burnet 10. 33.Mentha spicata. bay rosemary 12. Tropaeolum minus. Ocimum basilicum 22.Marrubium vulgare. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. bee balm30. white creeping thyme 41.Myrica pensylvanica.Teucrium chamaedrys.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus doerfleri.Pelargonium × nervosum. caraway thyme 40. Stachys byzantina.Satureja montana. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 'Minimum'. 28. lovage 48. borage 26. sweet woodruff 36.Poterium sanguisorba.Laurus nobilis.Levisticum officinale.19. 49.Rumex scutatus.Tanacetum vulgare. English thyme chamomile 2.Galium odoratum. ears rose geranium 3.Mentha suaveolens. silver-king artemisia 23. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. Ocimum basilicum 24.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Ruta graveolens. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Pelargonium fragrans. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Monarda didyma.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Thymus herba-barona. bayberry balm thyme 13. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf 21. dwarf edging box 11. sweet 34. English'. purple basil savory 35. 6.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. purple garden sage 7. 25. spearmint 42. bush basil albula. rue 20.Thymus × citriodorus. salad 43. lemon 29.Origanum majorana. thyme 38.Thymus carnosus.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. French thyme 39.Melissa officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. Borago officinalis. American holly 31.Thymus 'Argenteus'. myrtle 47. winter 'Purpurascens'.Buxus sempervirens 14. woolly thyme 8. lemon 46.Vinca minor.

< previous page page_64 next page > . standards. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. maypoles. adding to the space for walking. and treessome of which are espaliered. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. There is variety in the walks. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. potted shrubs. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. It is a large garden. Laurus nobilis. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. accent this prime focal point even more. It is located for the best viewing. The use of flagstone.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. The four potted bay. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. too. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. brick. too.

Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. lemon 29.Chrysanthemum balsamita. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. 1. love-in.acerifolium. winter 27. 51. Johnny-jump.Chenopodium botrys. fragrans.quercifolium. wild 28.Nigella damascena.Viola tricolor. Satureja montana. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.P. 49. musty oakscented geranium 5. 26.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.P. pot 52. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . apple English thyme up geranium 3. 25.odoratissimum.50. Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.53. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.P.Calendula officinalis.

lemon geranium 33. parsley 35. golden lemon thyme 7.Malus. camphor-scented geranium 69. 57. forsythia 'Albus'. Hyssopus officinalis.Livingston'.Tanacetum vulgare var.P. 61. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Acorus calamus.Thymus praecox subsp. 58.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. rosemary 9. cherry tomato chive 17.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha pulegium.Anethum graveolens.6. crowfoot 70. lemon 65. 71. horehound 46.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. orange geranium 23.Allium senescens var.P. bee balm 63. dill 36.Fragaria vesca.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus serpyllum. 64. arcticus43. glutinosum. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. lemon geranium 56. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Allium schoenoprasum. lettuce 39.Artemisia dracunculus var. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. chamomile 8. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. crispum.P.Lavandula angustifolia. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. rose geranium66. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.P. 44. sweet flag 16.Forsythia.Artemisia abrotanum.P.P. bay 20.× nervosum. crispum 'Minor'. denticulatum. Rosmarinus officinalis.P. peppermint 67. radens 'Dr. graveolens.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . lemon 47. salad 42.P. 41. pine crispum. tomentosum.P. 62. lettuce 40.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. blue hyssop 10.Petroselinum crispum. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. lemon-rose geranium 22. fern-leaf 60. Chamaemelum nobile. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Malus angustifolia. lime geranium 55.72. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Viola odorata.Levisticum officinale. box 19. French tarragon Rose'.Salvia officinalis. pheasant's. lemon balm 45.Monarda didyma.Origanum dictamnus.P.Salvia caerulea.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. sweet 37.Laurus nobilis. garden sage 54. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium crispum.P. bronze 38.Aloysia triphylla.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Myrtus communis. radens. English lavender 32.Achilleafilipendula.Poncirus trifoliata.Poterium sanguisorba. strawberry 48. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. wild thyme 31.Melissa officinalis. denticulatum 11. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Mentha.P. classic 21.

something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. and Allium karataviense. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. < previous page page_66 next page > . with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This is a large garden by any standard. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. In keeping with this feeling. too. The result is one of sculptured elegance. green santolina.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Artemisia frigida.Allium sativa. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf garden 17. 15. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . wormwood fennel 2.Allium christophii. garden sage 18. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Liriope muscari. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Artemisia dracunculus var. chive 4.Thymus × citriodorus. Baker.Levisticum officinale. apple mint 13. fringed 7. 1. lemon 11.Foeniculum vulgare. arcticus.Hyssopus officinalis.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja montana. blue hyssop 16.Salvia officinalis.Florence B. big blue lilyturf 12. Mentha suaveolens. French tarragon schoenoprasum. gray 10.Allium moly.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 9. 8. green santolina 14.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. and the front porch of the house. the square. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. for the box after new spring growth. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the upper deck. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Many herb gardens could provide this. < previous page page_70 next page > . the circle. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

dwarf edging box 7. lemon 8.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. viola 3.Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 2. 1. lavender 5.Cupressus sempervirens. dwarf myrtle 6.The number in each planting area is the key number.Cedrus deodara.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. winter savory 4. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Satureja montana. Italian cypress 9.

but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Roses. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Paths are gravel. from Peter Coats. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Coin with Tudor rose design. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together.. as it was with this plan. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

caraway 35.Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. classic myrtle 18. absinthe peppermint 8. Foeniculum vulgare.Calendula officinalis.Fragaria vesca. yellow flag 26.Bellis perennis.Crithmum maritimum.Lactuca sativa.Primula elatior.The number in each planting area is the key number. salad burnet 10. wild thyme 5.Myrtus communis. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Satureja montana. clove20.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis. sweet violet 6.Fumaria officinalis. mallow 13. rosemary 16. rue 33. saffron lily crocus 12. spearmint 30. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Anemone pulsatilla. pot marigold 15. lemon balm 31. Origanum majorana. sweet marjoram 3.Petroselinum crispum. parsley 29. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. Madonna 23.Lavandula angustifolia. Malva sylvestris.Carum carvi. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. fennel 21. oxlip 17.Viola odorata.Primula vulgaris. 19. Hyssopus officinalis. earth 24. Eryngium maritimum. lettuce 28.Viola tricolor. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . 34.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha × piperita.Iris pseudacorus. 25.Crocus sativus. Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 4. blue hyssop 2.Ruta graveolens. Thymus serpyllum. winter 32. monkshood27.Aconitum napellus. 22. Dianthus caryophyllus.Lilium candidum. 1. English daisy 36.

Selected for this reason.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. its tufted. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. However. most of the blooms are nightscented. white blooms and woolly. white. but Always Love. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . plumed. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silver mound. along with a measure of fragrance. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours." Concrete blocks. spurred.

white 32. 1.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. silver mound artemisia 3. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Marrubiam vulgare. 'Albus'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. silver 16. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. lamb's. Dianthus 'White Lace'. petunia 30.Dictamnus albus. white .Galanthus nivalis. 17. sweet 31. Stachys byzantina.Galium odoratum. horehound 2.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.19.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. pink 15.Lilium candidum.

Yucca filamentosa. clary 24. Viola odorata.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. tulip 38.21.Convallaria majalis.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Artemisia absinthium. lavender 12. rose 40.Artemisia ludoviciana.Salvia sclarea. 23. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. dame's honesty rocket 14. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. 26. rose 41. daffodil 35.Artemisia stellerana.Artemisia ludoviciana var. white 27. tuberose 36. moonflower 39. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Lunaria annua. 28. white stock absinthe 10. western mugwort 7.Matthiola incana.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. Artemisia lactiflora.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Iris × germanica var.Ipomoea alba.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 25. sweet violet 20. albula. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Polianthes tuberosa. needle florentina. beach mugwort wormwood 9. Adam's.Hesperis matronalis.6. orris 8. tulip 37. white 22.Malus 'Guiding Star'.

< previous page page_76 next page > . An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. textures. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. required their use as an educational adjunct. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. too. Many of these herbs lack the hues. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. This herb garden. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Rather. related to an old mill reconstruction.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

46.Reseda luteola. 34. French 33.Cotinus coggygria. queen. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. alkanet 52.Crocus sativus. African 45.51.Tagetes erecta. ramie 24. 37.Rudbeckia hirta. lily. dyer's 31.Rumex acetosa. garden 56.Parmelia conspersa.Genista tinctoria.Prunus persica. stinging nettle44.Galium odoratum. peach bracken sorrel 19.Polygonum hydropiperoides. 32. 28.Hypericum perforatum.38. Sansevieria trifasciata. flax 21. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . 26. Boehmeria nivea. fuller's 30. blueberry 13.Chelidonium majus.Rubia tinctorum. henequen marigold bearberry 8. Abutilon theophrasti. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. 22.Tagetes patula. madder 54. Agave fourcroydes. woad Susan laevifolium. sumac poke 17. golden 40.Hydrastis canadensis. 23.Morus rubra or alba.Dipsacus sativus. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. St. weld 57.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Ligustrum vulgare. 43..Rumex obtusifolius. Linum usitatissimum. barberry teasel woodruff 12. Gossypium hirsutum. broad 42. 1. Musa textilis. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Furcraea hexapetala.Agrimonia eupatoria.Carthamus tinctorius.Indigofera tinctoria.Coreopsis tinctoria. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Cytisus scoparius.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 48.Coptis trifolia.Filipendula ulmaria. privet marigold 15. onion China jute 4.Anthemis tinctoria.Monarda didyma.Mahonia aquifolium.Urtica dioica.Sanguinaria canadensis.Anchusa officinalis. Hibiscus cannabinus.Solidago species.Rhus typhina. yellow 55. dyer's broom safflower 6. 53. 47. sweet 49. Agave sisalana. black-eyed 50.Cladrastis lutea.Convallaria majalis. bee 36. Manila 25.Berberis vulgaris.Isatis tinctoria.Viburnum acerifolium. 35.Galium verum. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. 20. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Phytolacca americana. Scotch broom hemp 7. 29.Vaccinium angustifolium var. sisal 27. goldthread 41.Pteridium aquilinum.Allium cepa.Genista germanica. 39. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.

Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. as well as the roses. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Elsewhere. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. < previous page page_78 next page > . A totally appealing edging.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'Crimson Rambler' 21. cl. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Mme. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'American Pillar'. 18. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 25. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Marie Pavic' 8. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 24. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. the second shows the number of plants to be used. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. Legras de St. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Alfred de Rougemont'. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. rambler 20. 23. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. cl. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 22. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 1. cl. 'White Rose of York' 3. cl. rambler 19. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Sombreuil'. 'Empress Josephine' 7. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14.

this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. Circles and angles provide interest. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. < previous page page_80 next page > . It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

annuum 'Black Prince'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.A. annuum 'Mosaic'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.B. melongena 2. scorodoprasum. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. lycopersicum var.A. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.L. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.C. C. annuum 'Fips'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. dulce 'Utah 5270'. C. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. ruby swiss chard var. celery Group. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. curly eggplant parsley 23. 32. cepa Proliferum Group. oleracea 'Red Acre'.A.sativa 'Ruby'. cherry tomato 34.A. garlic chive 44. schoenoprasum. 29. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. C. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. red-flowered kale 6.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. white-flowered kale 49.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. giant garlic var.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.annuum 'Floral Gem'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.B.B.B. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. sprouts celery 8. 27.C.Cichorium intybus. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.B. C.C. kohlrabi Rock'. red 38. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. melongena 1. graveolens var. crispum 'Banquet'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. annuum 'Variegata'.B. annuum 'Teno'. 22. annuum 'Pinocchio'. Capsicum annuum var. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. red 37. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.C. leek 5.A.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. shallot Lakes'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. 45. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.B. graveolens 'French Dinant'. oleracea 'Prima'. Petroselinum crispum var. C. dulce 50.A.A. annuum 'Nosegay'. dulce 47. graveolens var. graveolens var. 25. annuum 'Red Boy'.B. 28. chive 42. celery Bed 9. C. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.L. 26.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. oleracea 'Green Parade'. 39.A. eggplant 43.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 40. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.C. 30.B.A. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.C. Boerner. pear Purple Vienna'.Apium graveolens var.S.B.esculentum 'Long Black'.B. C. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. tuberosum. 48.Solanum melongena var. Beauty'. 24. annuum 'Golden Bell'. celery I 31.S. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.

and golden thyme. for each is a complete entity.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. All of the circles. winter savory. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. arcs. When viewed from the terrace above. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

Livingston'. peppermint 26. 15. P. rose geranium 27. oak-leaved geranium 16. scabrum.' lemon geranium 23. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.× nervosum. golden 11.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P. Landscape Architect. Marshall. lime geranium Rose'. radens 'Dr.Ilex glabra. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. 1. tomentosum. P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. Satureja montana. germander crowfoot geranium 21. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. 12.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.Melissa R.Myrica pensylvanica. lemon geranium 22. 29. Santolina virens.P. rose-scented geranium 4.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. orange geranium 8. crispum.P. odoratissimum.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.L. graveolens.P.P.P.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. 17. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . pungent-scented geranium 25.P.. crispum 'French Lace.P.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. gooseberry geranium 24. Teucrium chamaedrys. green 14. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.S. × domesticum 6. A. inkberry geranium 9.P.A. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. The number in each planting area is the key number. 19.P. maple-leaved 18. acerifolium. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. winter 13. P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Assoc.P. apricot geranium28. grossularioides.

1. or marble chips. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. was planted using edging box only. For the knot to look its best at all times. .Lavandula angustifolia. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. and growth to the plants of the knot design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design.Hyssopus officinalis. sand. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. Maintenance is high for a knot.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. closed knot design. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Its interspaces can be mulched. filled with plants that have contrasting color. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. which is framed with a brick edging. on page 37." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. English lavender 2.Santolina virens. especially when it is blooming. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. To ease the care for a more complicated design. such as a dwarf edging box. blue hyssop 3. texture.

Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. green santolina 2.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3. dwarf edging box 4. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1.

a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. the height of the edging.T. Teucrium chamaedrys. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. 1. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. arcticus 'Coccineus'. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. which is found more often out in the open. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary creeping thyme 2. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.officinalis 'Tricolor'. Some maintenance is required for clipping. herba-barona. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. caraway thyme 9.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. fig 4.S. In another departure from the usual.Thymus praecox subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. white 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple variegated 11. lavender Japanese barberry 5. The knot material is maintained at six inches. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. arcticus 'Albus'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. creeping thymes. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. variegated garden sage . The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. 8. which are confined to that area.T. 'Munstead'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. praecox subsp.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

angustifolia 'Hidcote'. American germander 3.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. gray santolina 2. lavender . Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.Teucrium chamaedrys. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. setting it off admirably.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. germander .

Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.

Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. a complement for the colors of the plant material. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. which are also laid on edge. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. pleasing color. each one a quarter-circle. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. < previous page page_88 next page > . again laid on edge. adding another facet to an appealing design. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. woolly yarrow 23.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . candicans. grenadin pink chamomile 4. 17.Artemisia arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. golden marguerite 25.Allium senescens var.Perovskia atriplicifolia. dwarf 12. gray santolina 2.Anthemis marschalliana.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Anthemis tinctoria. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. 18. tree germander 22.Stachys byzantina.Salvia argentea. 1. angustifolia 'Rosea'. glaucum 11.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. silver horehound 19. silver sage 15. rue 21.Dianthus × caryophyllus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. curry plant 7.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Marrubium incanum. tree artemisia 26.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Salvia clevelandii.Artemisia frigida.Crithmum maritimum. silver thyme 6.Teucrium fruticans. samphire14. lavender 9. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. French lavender 3.Helichrysum angustifolium. 16.Leontopodium alpinum.Lavandula dentata var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue sage 13. lavender 8. dwarf gray santolina 20.Santolina neapolitana 10. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Russian sage 24. lavender 5.

oregano. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. thyme. which include hanging baskets. and the savories. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. Some are rosemary. If one is familiar with herbs. are without number. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. As with other plant material. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Styles of containers. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. basil. lady's-mantle. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. The color of the container plays a lesser role. < previous page page_90 next page > .< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. sweet marjoram.

the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. providing herbs in abundance. as with this container herb garden.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often.

< previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

A. < previous page page_95 next page > . Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. LandscapeArchitect. such an outlay would be unwarranted. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.S.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. If children's interest is not sustained.L. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. However. Of course supervision is necessary. A. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.

Instead of benches on the patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. These are ''old roses. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. too. Children in this age group can help with the construction. < previous page page_96 next page > ." selected for their greater fragrance. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. they are easily handpicked. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. an experiment with turf seats could be tried.

A.L. Landscape Architect. A.S.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. .

pot marigold 8.Salvia sclarea. 20.rocambole 28. 1. garlic chive 29.Allium senescens var. lily leek 30.Origanum majorana.Rosa gallica.Tropaeolum minus. Nigella damascena.The number in each planting area is the key number. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Allium moly. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. love-in-a-mist 14. English lavender 4. 19.Petroselinum crispum var. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia abrotanum. Dianthus plumarius. dill pennyroyal 11.Allium sativum var. ambrosia 2.Salvia officinalis.Chenopodium botrys. American 21. clary 25.Satureja hortensis. damask rose 32. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 13. 16. Italian parsley 23. lovage 12. garden sage 24. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. horehound 26. southernwood 5.Artemisia camphorata. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Levisticum officinale.Hedeoma pulegioides. crispum. borage 15. Borago officinalis. neapolitanum.Calendula officinalis. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Isatis tinctoria.Anethum graveolens. alpine strawberry 3.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Marrubium vulgare. cottage pink 18.Nepeta cataria. catnip 27. Petroselinum crispum var.Lavandula angustifolia. ophioscorodon.Allium tuberosum.Rosa damascena. summer savory 22. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. glaucum 31. dwarf 6. English lavender 7.

are a seal and a turtle. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. previously used as a skating rink. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. All are inviting to the touch. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. < previous page page_98 next page > . not noted on the plan. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The oval. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged.

R.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect.A. F. .A.

Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. tansy Monarda didyma. Allium schoenoprasum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. Foeniculum vulgare. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. fleabane Stellaria. fat-hen Primula veris. duckweed Antennaria. chamomile Mentha. lousewort Viola canina. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. cowslip Linaria. mint Galium odoratum. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. coltsfoot Mimulus. Trifolium pratense. mint Tagetes. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . catnip Chamaemelum nobile. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale.Hedeoma pulegioides. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. bee balm Satureja montana. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. Nepeta cataria. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. dog violet Lemna. borage Tanacetum vulgare. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Greek Stachys byzantina. winter savory Mentha. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. bee orchid Erigeron. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. English Tussilago farfara. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys.

Instead. are superb for displaying potted herbs. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. Their height eases the task of weeding. Here. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Still. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. an exceedingly long one. feverfew. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. its wooden structure long gone. A number of wooden window frames. a mint. developed particularly for study.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. for an old barn foundation of stone. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. it is a most satisfying growing situation. and old barn beams another about the same height. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. < previous page page_101 next page > . minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. Its plant list. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

officinalis 'Tricolor'. caraway thyme 103. nitidus.Genista tinctoria. rose sativa. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Stachys grandifora 93.Nepeta mussinii. woolly thyme 101. fern-leaf tansy 95. praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis.S. golden marjoram 26. southernwood houseleek 12.Lychnis coronaria.T. 50. crimson creeping thyme 96.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet 41.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Althaea officinalis. 48. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Rubia tinctorum.Monarda didyma.Alchemilla vulgaris.Geranium robertianum.O. onites.S. viper's 65. golden thyme 98. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Veronica serpyllifolia. graveolens.Chrysanthemum balsamita. garden sage 84.Angelica archangelica.A.A.49. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. 43.Lavandula angustifolia.Melissa officinalis.T.A. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Calendula officinalis. abrotanum.T 'Argenteus'.A. plantain 80.Myrrhis odorata. French tarragon geranium 7. skirret 90.O.Valeriana officinalis.Plantago major.Campanula rapunculus. 42.Digitalis purpurea. officinalis 'Aurea'.Viola odorata.Satureja montana.Marrubium vulgare.Acinos alpinus.Echium vulgare. calamint valerian 24.A.Artemisia dracunculus var. 55.Achillea millefolium.Ocimum basilicum.Chelidonium majus. 44.T. 62. herba-barona.M. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. lemon 52.Digitalis lanata. pontica. purple basil English lavender 18. yarrow herb Robert 4. majorana. pallasianus. catmint 63.Agastache foeniculum. variegated garden sage 87.Sium sisarum. Grecian 59.Pelargonium crispum. lemon thyme 100.Stachys officinalis. 54. richardii subsp. lesser 67.Tanacetum vulgare var. 61.Euphorbia cyparissias.P. bee balm lovage 20. odorous thyme 104. Roman 46.Levisticum officinale.T. pink 58.S. basil blue hyssop 15. tomentosum.P. 64.Sempervivum tectorum. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. 60.O. St.Ruta graveolens. 45. 1.O. creeping veronica . wormwood germander 9. rose costmary campion 23. basilicum 'Minimum'. white creeping thyme 97. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. winter savory 88. basilicum 56. rampion 81. pot marigold 25.Campanula persicifolia.T.Galium odoratum. beach 47. sweet violet 40. absinthe 51.A. golden lemon thyme 99. rosemary 82. southernwood ground cherry 10.Hypericum perforatum. silver thyme 105. celandine madder 79.-John'swort 91. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Poterium sanguisorba. thyme 102. officinalis 'Purpurea'. arcticus 'Albus'. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. balm horehound 14.Pulmonaria officinalis. betony 92. golden variegated garden sage 86.Aloysia triphylla. × citriodorus. 66.Ranunculus ficaria. absinthium. odoratissimum. praecox subsp. wild lemon basil ginger 16. lemon verbena 106.T. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Asarum canadense. sweet cicely 94. rue 83. didyma 'Rosea'.O.Agastache cana. alpine savory 89. angelica lemon geranium 5.P.T.T. apple wormwood geranium 8. 'Clear Gold'. crispum. purple variegated garden sage 85. foxglove 2. camphorata. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Viola tricolor.Physalis heterophylla. 'Purpurascens'.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet 53. marsh mallow 13.Calamintha grandiflora.Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Coccineus'. mosquito plant 19. bee balm57. camphor. stellerana.

M. × gentilis.Dianthus plumarius 75. citrata. 76. red mint comfrey 33.Yucca filamentosa. Proliferum Group. tree onion 112.Allium sativum. orange mint 32. garlic 111.Veronica officinalis.29.Lilium candidum. chamomile 30. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. pin cherry 39.Chrysanthemum parthenium.V. × piperita var. curry plant mullein 35.Origanum vulgare. spearmint 107.Verbascum thapsus.Symphytum officinale.Chrysanthemum 78. orach115. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Cichorium intybus.M. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. feverfew cinerariifolium.Prunus pensylvanica.Mentha suaveolens. chicory 70. 114. suaveolens 'Variegata'. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Myrtus communis.Primula veris. evening 77. apple mint 69.Atriplex hortensis. 73.M. oxeye daisy mullein 36. dyer's woad 110. chervil 68.Lysimachia vulgaris. wild 116. veronica 108. Madonna lily leucanthemum. ostrowskianum 34.cepa. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Isatis tinctoria. 71. yucca 109.A.A.Origanum dictamnus.Sorbaria sorbifolia.M.Anthriscus cerefolium.Chrysanthemum 74. moth 113.Laurus nobilis. cowslip 72.Chamaemelum nobile. spicata.Helichrysum angustifolium. pineapple mint 31.Oenothera biennis. blattaria.

With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. of good proportion for the size of the opening. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. < previous page page_104 next page > . A wheelshaped bed. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. but not obvious. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. A statue of St. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. Francis. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. its outline constructed of brick. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

menthifolia. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. AREA IV Ixia maculata. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. only those not found on other lists are noted here. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. labdanum Cistus crispus. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. Eriobotrya japonica. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Vetiveria zizanioides. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. AREA VI japonica. Cestrum nocturnum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. loquat Cichorium intybus. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. potato Brassica eruca. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. poet's Solidago californica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. Eleocharis dulcis. white Justicia carnea. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Sidney Ephedra viridis. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. cat Watsonia rosea. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. lion's-ear prismaticum. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes.

not only for hardiness where needed. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. One is a garden of legends. an "old rose" and fragrant. < previous page page_106 next page > . which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. but also for proper leaf size. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. The exterior brick path. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. emphasizes the circle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. is a center of interest. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. scented-leaf geraniums.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. and a third a culinary garden. to name a few. or potpourri. another a Mary garden. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Chamaemelum nobile. Johnny-jump. blue 18. Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha spicata.Santolina chamaecyparissus. pyrethrum 5. saffron crocus marigold 7.Lamium album.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. sweet marjoram basil 12.Origanum majorana.Crocus sativus. sweet 21.Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme 13.Alchemilla vulgaris. hyssop rose 9. angelica 2.Ornithogalum umbellatum. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . dill 11.Narcissus mustard 14.Brassica nigra. English ivy rosemary 8. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. flax 17.19. lady's.The number in each planting area is the key number.Ruta graveolens.Salvia officinalis. Anethum graveolens. Angelica archangelica. Artemisia absinthium. chamomile 3. spearmint 22. yellow 25.20.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Calendula officinalis. Linum usitatissimum. pot 26. 27.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white dead 24. Chrysanthemum balsamita. garden up sage 10. absinthe 4.Galium verum. chive bedstraw 16. rue 28. costmary 6.Hedera helix. Viola tricolor. black 23. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.

On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. < previous page page_108 next page > . The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure.

bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. lemon balm Mentha spicata. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. bay Echeveria × imbricata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. blue Lamium maculatum. Russian 'Prostratus'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . thyme Cnicus benedictus. peppermint Laurus nobilis. beach Monarda didyma. clove Marrubium vulgare. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Cotinus coggygria. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. rue Malva alcea var. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. perennial flax Galium odoratum. Artemisia absinthium. Myrrhis odorata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. sweet Myrtus communis. fastigiata. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'.

This is a general rule observed. < previous page page_110 next page > .< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. too. simply on a smaller scale. millstones. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. features a closed knot of superior design. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. Appropriately used as accents. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. The generous use of edgings. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. Viewed from the terrace garden. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. and huge. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. where paths enter an area or take a different direction.

six feet in diameter. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. that of good proportion.Hyssopus officinalis. The number in each planting area is the key number. germander 2. Design plan of herb garden 1. and the mulch. has its size dictated by a rule of design. A. lavender 5. Routine clipping is required. gray santolina 7.Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Tiny Rubies'.S.A.Santolina virens.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop 3. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L.Santolina chamaecyparissus. green santolina 6. of greater size than is commonly found. Landscape Architect. dwarf box . angustifolia 'Munstead'. cheddar pink 4.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.

dogwood Pinus nigra. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. japonica. goat willow Sassafras albidum. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. plum Prunus maritima. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. honey locust Cornus florida. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. beach plum Corylus avellana. box Calycanthus fioridus.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. shadbush Salix caprea. black haw Prunus americana. box Myrica pensylvanica. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. quince Magnolia virginiana.

'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. praecox subsp. caraway thyme T. However. praecox subsp. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. doerfleri T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. 'Annie Hall' T. herba-barona. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. As a rule. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. Salvia. Currently. Rosmarinus. silver thyme T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. and a miscellany of others. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Lavandula. 'Doone Valley' . This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. arcticus T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. leucotrichus T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. 'Argenteus'. its plant material varied.

praecox subsp. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. crimson creeping thyme T. angustifolia subsp. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. praecox subsp. blue sage S. anise sage S. arcticus 'Coccineus'. angustifolia subsp. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. angustifolia. vulgaris 'Albus' T. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. autumn sage S. sweet lavender L. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia subsp. ramie . involucrata. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. golden rosemary R.T. officinalis 'Aurea'. 'Clear Gold'. English lavender L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. heterophylla. officinalis 'Purpurea'. greggii. pine-scented rosemary R. woolly thyme T. guaranitica. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. purple variegated garden sage S. golden thyme T. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. leucantha. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. dentata. angustissimus.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

L. a well beside the house. constructed of brick made on the property. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. which were located between the water supply. to lure bees. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. rupturewort. The house. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Equisetum arvense. Cheloneglabra. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . family needsmedicinal. Sium sisarum.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Primarily. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Circumstances determined these priorities. The apple trees. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. horsetail. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. balmony. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Hesperis matronalis. Physostegia virginiana. for scrubbing pots. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. used in salads or boiled. Prunella vulgaris. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Herniaria glabra. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. culinary. to sweeten the air. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. obedient plant. Smith.

while functional. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. too. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. too. for a few are in use now. Today. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. < previous page page_116 next page > . Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

rosemary 2.Prunus angustifolia.Laurus nobilis. pomegranate 3. 15.Lagerstroemia indica. yellow 12. Gardenia jasminoides. bay 7.Malus angustifolia.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Sambucus canadensis. 16. fig 6. Banksia rose 14.Rosmarinus officinalis. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . 1. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. trumpet 11. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. wisteria 13. garlic 9. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Cape jasmine 10.Syringa × persica var. southern laciniata.Lonicera sempervirens.Rosa banksiae.Allium sativum.Ficus carica.Wisteria frutescens.Lonicera flava.Pinus taeda.Punica granatum.

Appropriately. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. The effect would be quite different without them. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Italy. < previous page page_118 next page > . At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. too. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

42.Achillea millefolium. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Teucrium chamaedrys.Santolina chamaecyparissus. bay lavender wintergreen 21. peppermint 52.Elizabeth Lawrence.Colchicum autumnale.Ilex opaca. dogwood horehound 18.Vinca minor.Anethum graveolens. 43. 45.Chamaemelum nobile.Foeniculum vulgare.Cornus florida. basil chive 3.Xanthoriza simplicissima. fennel 40. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Tanacetum vulgare. 54.Dianthus caryophyllus.Monarda punctata.Ocimum basilicum. trumpet honeysuckle 4. black 29. 60.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Salvia officinalis. bee balm 28.Ruta graveolens.Dipsacus sativus.Cassia marilandica. saffron crocus 25.Borago officinalis. fuller's teasel 67. agrimony 58.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. box chamomile 9. 55.Digitalis purpurea.Populus balsamifera.Symphytum officinale. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Sassafras albidum. hyssop sassafras 20. sweet 27.Lindera benzoin.Mentha pulegium.Mentha × piperita. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Acorus calamus.Asclepias tuberosa. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Crocus sativus.Lilium candidum. garden sage 59. foxglove 41. pot 48. 66.Levisticum officinale.Laurus nobilis. 37.Lobelia siphilitica. great 47. tansy 65. 70.57. balm autumn crocus 2.Marrubium vulgare. butterfly 32. blue 44.Asarum virginicum. clove 36. 38.Allium schoenoprasum.Galium odoratum. blue 46. St. rue 56. dill 39. 50.Lonicera sempervirens. 1. borage 31.Lavandula angustifolia. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . sativa.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet flag marigold 24. peony 51.Artemisia dracunculus var.Paeonia officinalis.Buxus sempervirens.Verbascum thapsus. yarrow lungwort 22.Calycanthus fioridus. sweet shrub 10. horsemint lobelia 23.Agrimonia eupatoria.Hamamelis virginiana. American holly 16.Rosa laevigata. spearmint 62. sweet 64.Rubus allegheniensis.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. wild ginger69.Hypericum perforatum.Ilex vomitoria. mullein 49.Melissa officinalis. 68.Chimaphila umbellata. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Armoracia rusticana. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. white periwinkle spicebush 13. 61. myrtle 53.Pulmonaria officinalis.Punica granatum.Nepeta cataria.Gaultheria procumbens. yellow-root 7.Monarda didyma. catnip 34. lemon 26. lovage 35.Pinckneya pubens.Calendula officinalis.Cimicifuga racemosa. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Hyssopus officinalis. 33. 30. 63.Artemisia abrotanum. senna woodruff 15.

This is true for the remedies. 1 T. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. < previous page page_120 next page > . preventives.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. In any event. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. and fragrances they developed.

caraway 19.Satureja montana.Nepeta cataria.Carum carvi.Mentha spicata. English 10.Hyssopus officinalis.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 21. tansy 11. opium poppy 5. foxglove 12. quince 24.Papaver somniferum. sweet marjoram 6. 14. garden sage 8. absinthe 9. winter savory 4. catnip 16.Levisticum officinale.Viburnum prunifolium. apothecary's rose 22.Origanum majorana. black haw 23. 1.Marrubium vulgare.Monarda punctata.Pyrus communis. English thyme rosemary 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lavandula angustifolia.Cydonia oblonga. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . lavender lovage 3.Mentha × piperita.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. Calendula officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. horsemint 20. sweet basil 13.Salvia officinalis. pot marigold 2.Artemisia absinthium. spearmint 17.Tanacetum vulgare. peppermint 18.Ocimum basilicum. horehound 15.

< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. the other 1761. Thus it was for this garden. and if the best has not always survived. < previous page page_122 next page > . The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. The beds are used to achieve balance. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. Allowed such freedom of expression. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Shaded by hop vines. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. often it is reconstructed. for example the large square bed with circular path. to study it. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. one dated 1759. makes it something of a focal point. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. Some could be used singly. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and bricks raise the beds. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. from early Moravian settlements. The main paths of brick unify the garden. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. centrally located.

A. Campbell.S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. A. Landscape Architect. .L.

Salvia viridis.Nepeta cataria.Symphytum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clary 30.Colchicum autumnale. 80.Alcea rosea.Rosa roxburghii.Asparagus officinalis.Anethum graveolens. comfrey 33. yarrow 4. rue 14.Artemisia abrotanum.Rheum rhabarbarum. 66.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana.Salvia sclarea.Saponaria officinalis.Coriandrum sativum. elecampane 11.Vitis. holy thistle 58. orach 76. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Bellis perennis.Artemisia absinthium.Narcissus tazetta.Melissa officinalis.Matthiola incana. fennel marjoram 28. chestnut rose 43.Ocimum basilicum. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. French rose 18.Rumex acetosa.Magnolia grandiflora. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Passiflora incarnata.Levisticum officinale. absinthe 45. borage 5.Mentha spicata.Tropaeolum majus. virgin's bower 40.Tropaeolum minus.Cercis canadensis.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Stachys officinalis.Inula helenium.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. basil moss rose 44. garden sage 15.Consolida ambigua. 52.Humulus lupulus.Clematis virginiana.Artemisia vulgaris. lavender rose 21. horehound 56.Chamaemelum nobile. rosemary49. chamomile 17.Rosa gallica. feverfew southern magnolia 27. garlic lungwort 36. poet's narcissus 61. 48.Rubia tinctorum. redbud 24. English thyme 2. sorrel 65.Petroselinum crispum.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Madonna lily 59.Salvia officinalis. 68.Lilium candidum.Narcissus poeticus.Pulmonaria officinalis. blessed thistle 8. spearmint 57.Allium schoenoprasum. daisy crape myrtle 23.Tanacetum vulgare. love.Amaranthus caudatus.Hydrangea quercifolia.Mentha × piperita.Papaver rhoeas.Cnicus benedictus.Rosa moschata. damask coriander rose 19.Silybum marianum. red pepper 20. cockscomb 47.Celosia cristata.The number in each planting area is the key number. eglantine Group. autumn crocus 34.Lagerstroemia indica. Carolina jessamine 38.Achillea millefolium. 62. mugwort67. garden nasturtium 12.Borago officinalis.Carum carvi. hollyhock 51. blue 69. lovage 9. blue 63. sweet 55. parsley 32.77. dwarf nasturtium 13.Armoracia rusticana. annual clary 3.Ficus. grape larkspur 41. clove 53. hyssop maypop 42. asparagus 31. rhubarb 10.Ruta graveolens. betony 82. 1.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. English 78.Rosmarinus officinalis. balm chive 37.Rosa damascena. 74. 81. 54.Rosa eglanteria.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. black cumin 46. marsh mallow 7. dill 73.Gelsemium sempervirens.Crocus sativus.Hyssopus officinalis. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. polyanthus narcissus 60. catnip 70.Dianthus caryophyllus.Aquilegia vulgaris. madder 16. corn poppy 79. sweet 71. lemon 64. caraway 72. tansy 6. columbine 29.Rosa centifolia. hop southernwood 39. cabbage angustifolia. stock 50.Cornusflorida. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Allium sativum.Althaea officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Nigella sativa.Atriplex hortensis.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Although some observations may seem obvious. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. The next most desirable exposure. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. it is proper to make a trial run. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. far from the house. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Thus. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. A ravine and existing. Usually this is least desirable. and the north point is established. This space was never adequate. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. First. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. the western. Calluna (heather). an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. The lesser the scale.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. even boggy.

It was a pleasurable assignment. single bed. as the drawing on p. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Then. and the property line on the last. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. a driveway on still another.ground where drainage is better. The. The new herb garden has been located. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. Indeed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. 77 provided the needed inspiration. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. but it need not be identical. The outline is fixed. all four sides are so determined. and the search did not take long. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The general outline is similar. 127 indicates. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. certainly not precisely the same. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. < previous page page_126 next page > . One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. another is close to the rear of the house. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. There is the housegarage structure on one side.

This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. If. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. as in this case. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. In addition. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. forming the outer boundary of the service path. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. There was no . A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. something is amiss. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. With the plan established. this low wall will enclose the garden area. If all is well. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. In fact. then north. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. Two drawings were required to work out problems. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

However. not one completed in a weekend. eight. At corners. However. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. Before edgings could be put in place. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. however. . at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. the site required some leveling. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. admittedly. and the finished edging would be effective. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. this was. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. In the earlier stage of planning. In this area. In this case. a lapped joint was fashioned. the eight-foot length was more practical. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. A structural edging was in order. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Unfortunately. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Paving for the terraced area is brick. could serve this purpose. The latter need to be more substantially paved. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. This method of treatment now guarantees . sand. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. The pattern is running bond. this same base underlies all the paths.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. A choice of five colors was available. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. One is the ramp to the driveway. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Weeds. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Heavy black plastic. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Aged compost. but there are exits to different levels. selected for its simplicity. leaves. for they will likely have more traffic. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. filling the beds with soil was next. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. had been proof of that. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side.

It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. on a trial run of one course of brick. worth the added cost. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. However. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. even bed for the pavers. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick.

converging where it was logical to do so. . and the steps to other levels. Sometimes called "rubble drains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. since that path borders the house. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. French drains. In this instance. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. the terraced area. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. With the completion of the paths. Herbs have flourished in the beds.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. learned about decades earlier. for it would interfere with the drainage system." their construction can be somewhat varied.

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and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. E EllipseAn oval. hundredths of an inch. albula. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. having a variety of gradations. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. is symmetrical. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. and so on. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. Its arrow points north and. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. and so on. often a wall or trellis. in inches. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . sixteenths of an inch. for example. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. for example. casts the shadow for the hour. a garden plan. twelfths of an inch. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. in tenths of an inch.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line.

M ManufactoryA factory. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings.3). MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. ForthrightA straight course or path.brick) in the same course. GrindstoneMillstone. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Pea gravelSmall. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. rounded fragments of rock. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. turf. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. heated especially by fermenting manure. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. loose. roofed structure usually open on the sides. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. a flat. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. also called rubble drain. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. its compartments filled with flowers. a patterned garden. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. Usually a few inches thick.3. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . or colored earths. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. G GazeboA freestanding. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney.

rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

W Wall. ranking between species and variety. not treelike or with a single trunk. V VarietyA category below species. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. cutting. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. R Rose. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. < previous page page_132 next page > . or steps. Turf seatBanked-up earth. called also a hose cock. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. TreillageLatticework for vines. snug fit for walks. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. walls. Stone. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. often planted with aromatic herbs.

London: Marshall Cavendish. 1970. Brookes. Seal. Peter. New York: E. H. Independence. 1971. Fox.: Geo. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Helen Morgenthau. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Charlotte. Greenwood. Terrace. Sevenoaks. T. Alice Morse. Staff of. 1961. 1973. Doran & Co. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Foster.. Bailey Hortorium. New York: Dover. P. S. New York: Crown Publishers. Erichsen-Brown. Kent: The Herb Farm. P.C. Crowe. Book of the Geranium. 1971. 1957. 1942. The Small Garden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. London: Adam and Charles Black. Room Outside. Carpenter. New York. Henry. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Baumgardt. ed. How Plants Get Their Names. The Herb Garden. Herbsfor Every Garden. Complements. 1958. New York: Viking Press. . Green Enchantment. Gertrude B. 14701670. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. British Plants. The Cultivated Basils. 1963. 1980. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Hanging Plants for Home. W. 1982. 1951. Behme. Daniel J. Sylvia. London: Macmillan. Flannery. Cross. Herbals. Bailey. John Philip. New York: G. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Frances A. Brownlow. 1935.. Foster. Jot. John E. Hortus Third. Garden City: Doubleday. 1951. 1962. L. Bardswell. Herbs and the Earth.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. 1976. Agnes. London: Country Life. Park's Success with Herbs. Coats. and Louden. 1972. New York: Macmillan. New York: Macmillan. Putnam's Sons. Beston. Robert Lee. Edlin. Julia S. 1911. L. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1938.. Clarkson. Rosetta E. 1944. .. and Accessories. New York: Simon and Schuster. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1979. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years.: Buckeye Printing Co. London: Saturn Press. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Gertrude B. Darrah.. 1902. Foley. 1980. and Garden. Dutton & Co. Earle. Harriet Ballard. New York: Macmillan. Aurora. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. New York: Hawthorne Books. 1966. Roses. Park Seed Co. . Rosemary F. New York: Viking Press. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Helen H. 1972. Garden Design. Sydney: B. Batsford. Margaret E. 1977. John. 1933. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Liberty Hyde. Prof. London. Berrall. New York: Macmillan. 1966. Mo. Toronto. H. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance.

. Simmons. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Ann. New York: Clarkson N.. Lawrence. Jones. Hamel. Pozza. ed. chemist.. Myron. Horace. New York: E. New York: Doubleday. Muenscher.: Herald Publishing Co. Potter. Shaker Herbs. and Back. 1970. Lerner. 1971. (1st American edition trans.. and Synge. A. Eleanour Sinclair. 1982. Lesch. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1964. New York: Viking Press. 1946. Alma. Herbs. 1983. Frederic. Plants of the Bible. New York: Dover. Loewenfeld. 2d ed.: Livingston Pub. 1981. Hendrickson. New York: Dover. Co. Landscaping with Vines. 1961. Mass. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Rev. C. Carol. M. Waltham. The Herb Garden.. Italy. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1975. Walter. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1981.. Harold N. Loewenfeld. 1938. Boston.Garland. . Modern Herbal. Sylva.. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. J.: Chronica Botanica Co. 1971. Vicenza. Elizabeth. Cherokee Plants. 1979. Kiaer. The Book of Spices.C. Bernard Hickey. Eigel. The Berry Book. London: Faber and Faber. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.. 1974. Early American Gardens.. Pa. New York: Harper & Bros. Miller. Philippa. Frances. New York: De La Mare. Rosengarten. A Garden of Herbs. The Concise Handbook of Roses. N. 1969. and Chiltoskey. 1978. Moldenke. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Grieve. Gardens in Winter. Ireys. 1972. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Wynnewood. 1911. Books. Johns. Dutton & Co. Adelma G. and Alma L. Howard. Tucson: H. Lathrop. Claire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. P. McFarland. 1974. London: George Routledge & Sons. New York: Macmillan. Alice Recknagel. 1975. Claire. Loyal R. Amy Bess. Brown & Co. and Rice.. Vegetable Dyeing. Division Billboard Publications. Mary U. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Patrick M.) Rohde. M. Robert. A Biblical Garden. Dorothy Bovee. 1973. Krauss. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1959. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. New York: William Morrow & Co. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Jr. 1969. 1951. The Art of Dyeing. Roy. 1952. Toronto: Little. Neri. New York: Van Nostrand. Norma Jean. Franco. Grow and Enjoy. George H. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Helen K. 1970. P. Mrs.. and Brunello. New York: Macmillan. Boston. Hay. Lawrence. Flowers of the Field. Sarah. Roses of the World in Color. 1966. 1976. Leighton.. 1976. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. How to Select. Paul B. New York: Macmillan. New York: Crown Publishers. Johnson.

New York: Doubleday. T. Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1962.A.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Smith. Mrs. Climbing Roses Old and New. Mrs. Jr. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Mrs. Giroux. Donald Paxton. . L. Helen Noyes. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Mrs. Fragrance in the Garden. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Plants of the Bible. Hammond Crawford. Bynam... Mrs. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Sandy Hicks. Esther. Bradner. Yang. Baker. Mrs. New York: Hafner.. ed. New York: St.. White. Mrs. Leonie. and Mrs. The History of Gardens. Graham. Vivian. Jr. 1972. L. Bates. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Moffit. Mrs. W T. Peter M. L.The Old Shrub Roses. Vera Breed. Mrs. 1972. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Rhoda Specht. Shrub Roses of Today. New York: St.A. Thomas. Gannaway. ..R. Mr. Charles L. Associate. 1966.A. 1979. Malcolm. John Poinier. 1975. 1942. L. John Ormsbee.. Christopher. Mrs..A. Neil Hamill Park. L. Morss.A.L. L. Singleton. Herbs in the Garden. Plimpton. William Y Dear. New York: William Morrow & Co. Virginia B. Helen Van Pelt. Landscape Architecture.A. Diane C. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. 1957.. Mrs. Taloumis. Revised by Dr. London: Phoenix House. Madalene Hill.. Pees. Winthrop G. Mrs. Indianapolis. 1976.. Botanical Latin. Philip Batchelder. Amy Bess Miller. L. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. William T. Weber. Nelva M. Taylor.A. ed.A. Zohary. Mrs. Stearn. Rev. W. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. William T. . Los Angeles: Crescent Books. The Fragrant Garden. 1979. Berkeley Brandt.A. Webster. Griffin. Stuart. Mrs. Mrs. Louise Beebe. New York: William Farquhar Payson.S. Lamm. Robert K. Bush.A. Jo Lohmolder. Thacker. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Mrs. New ed. and Bell.A. Martin.: Garden Way. William W. Campbell. John. L.. James D. Marshall. Norman. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.L. William Radler. 1974. Vt. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Frank M. A. The Shakespeare Garden. L. 1953. C. Charles Patch. William C. . Bleecker. A. Melissa R.A. L.D. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mrs. Herbert G. Price. F. Martha Dahlen. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. 1953. George. Martin's. James C.A. L.L..S. Cozart.. Barbara Capen. Sherry D. 1979.. New York: Dover...A. Michael. Building Stone Walls.A. Martin's Press. Charlotte.. L.. Elisabeth W. Mrs. Mrs. Austin R. Susan W. and Robert B. 1961. Mrs. Katherine S. Maxton Davies. Straus. 1965. Mrs. Jack Emil Geist. Mrs. Boston: Ralph T. Mrs. Ingersoll. Margaret Osborn Holt. New York: Farrar. Meyer. Mrs. Linda. Graham Stuart. Z.. A. The Fragrant Year. New York: Simon & Schuster. A. A. Wilder. 1976.. Marion E..A. Jr. Robert G. Paxton. Alfred L. New York. New York. L. McGarry. H. Leonard Dreyfuss. Toronto: Van Nostrand. 1931. 1972. Tarantino. Wilson.S. Elizabeth Lawrence. Benjamin McF. Container Gardening Outdoors. Raymond V. Henry Gund. 1967. Hale & Co. Hines.. L. New York: Simon & Schuster.A. Toronto: Van Nostrand.A. Boerner. 1982. New York: McGraw-Hill. Keebler. Stearn. George T. London: Phoenix House.

Mrs. Little Rock.. Wilcox. Bailey. Mrs. Cleveland.H. Linda Yang. Roberts. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Mich. Milton C. Inc. N. Shaker Community. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. James S. Eloise andJo Ray. Weeks Brick House. Joe H. Nathan Sameth. and Mrs. Gayle. Rose. Whitman. Inc. Mrs.. L. Plain Dealer Photo..Rady.A. L. < previous page page_134 next page > . Matthew Miksch House. Timothy Procter Ruh. N...I. L. Joan E. Elbert Smith. Winston-Salem.... Wisc. Mrs. Helen M. Isadore L. Ann Arbor. Ark. University of Michigan.A. Milton Stricker. Christopher Spencer. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.. Old Slater Mill Museum. Western Reserve Herb Society. Skinner. Mass. Mr. Mansfield. Architect. Lansing.C. Michigan State University. Linda Yang. Talbot III.A. N. The Country Doctor Museum.. G. L. Smith (Ann Leighton). Mrs. Atlanta Historical Society. Old Salem. James F.A. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Ohio.. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Derthick. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Edmund G. Lawrence Schetky. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Semple. R. Atlanta. Kathleen Byroads Sowers.. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Frederick E.. Greenland. Ga. The following provided historical. Booker Worthen. L. Mich. Mrs.. Kingwood Center. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Pawtucket. Swanson. Ohio. Jean Ruh. Faith H. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Walter Rebmann. Mrs.. Hancock. civic. John A. Hancock Shaker Village. Eric Duke Scott. Hales Corners. Christopher Rady. Harper. Mrs.C.

A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. E. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. C. maritima L. officinalis. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. Y smalliana Agrimonia. azoricum. Narcissus triandrus. barbadensis A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Myrrhis odorata. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum.

V. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. melongena var. podagraria Asparagus A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. S. Solanum aculeatissimum S. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. G. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. Lamium album Viburnum. albula A. P. false Galium aristatum. officinalis. V. grandiflorus Melissa M. F. officinalis Populus.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. lycopersicum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. laevis Rhododendron . P. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. M. ludoviciana var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. acerifolium. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Mertensia virginica. coronaria . B. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. M. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha Symphytum S. deltoides Campsis radicans. angustifolia. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. P. vulgaris A. oleracea.

sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. maculatum G. macrocarpon. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. sativum R. B. C. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. coronaria. ioensis Vaccinium.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. alpinum R. V. angustifolia. B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. alpinum R. Italian D Daffodil M. verna. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . N. pseudonarcissus miniature N. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. M. V. M.

triphyllum . Chrysanthemum frutescens. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Hosta H. C. rivieri. R. lilioasphodelus H. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. acetosa. D. lilioasphodelus. Ferocactus latispinus. H. crispus. obtusifolius R. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. frutescens C. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. A. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. x superbum Hemerocallis. Sansevieria. T officinale Bellis. obtusifolius Rumex R. A.

ragusina. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Senecio cineraria. pungens Sambucus S. N. arvensis. Helichrysum. gymnocarpa. Lychnis coronaria. Centaurea cineraria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. C. N.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. S. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. damascena. N. Antennaria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. C. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. azoricum Nigella. Gnaphalium.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. usitatissimum L. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. P. carica Corylus C.× germanica I. I. regalis Adiantum. versicolor. L. Osmunda. A. perenne . O. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. carica F. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.

× hortorum P. P. odoratissimum P. lanata D. I. sphaerocephalum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. grossularioides P radens P. scorodoprasum A. quercifolium P. tuberosum A. purpurea D. × germanica Myosotis M. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . lutea Allium sativum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × limoneum P. Fumaria C. Pelargonium. sativum var. neapolitanum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea.

crispum P. tomentosum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. scabrum P graveolens P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. tomentosum P. T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. × jatrophifolium P. abrotanifolium P. × nervosum P. denticulatum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. × citrosum P. Tragopogon. canadense. chamaedrys T. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. P. T. pratensis . acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. graveolens P. Z. A. glutinosum. A. capitatum P. canadense T. officinale Z. quercifolium P.

torquata E. C. M.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. C. nervosa V. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. V. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Vitis monticola. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Oxalis deppei.

H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. triacanthos G. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. C. Ophiopogon L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sempervivum Lobelia L.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. W. Pulmonaria . siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. G. majalis Liriope. Lythrum. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. L.

M. erecta T. tenuifolia T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. C. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. pedatum Hibiscus. M. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. lucida . Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. erecta M Mace. A. erecta T. patula Calendula officinalis T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. Malva. alcea var. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. Malva. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. grandiflora M.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

Spiraea alba. aquatica var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. majorana O. R. citrata M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . × piperita var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. odorata Achillea millefolium. piperita var. O. citrata M. Astrantia. dictamnus O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. vulgare 'Aureum' O. vulgare O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. S. suaveolens M. A. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. onites O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. crispii M. major. citrata M. citrata. vulgare O. × piperita var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. majorana O. requienii M.

A. rubra M. lactiflora Morus M. V. Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Myrrhis odorata. × gentilis M. vulgaris A. olympicum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. alba Verbascum. Azolla caroliniana. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . V. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. M. Umbellularia californica. communis. thapsus V. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria.

V. P. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. majus T. L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. minus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. album L. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. nudum. tazetta Tropaeolum T. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia.

cepa. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. cepa. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. S. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. I. fragrans O. A. cepa A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. telephium Iris × germanica var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. Proliferum Group A. C. Castilleja californica. vulgare var. fragrans Allium. fistulosum A. hortensis A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. O. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. florentina. fistulosum Atriplex. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Scilla verna.

lactiflora P lactiflora P. patens. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. A. P. A.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. neopolitanum Pastinaca. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. crispum var. pulsatilla Passiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. crispum P.

Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. album Ranunculus ficaria . Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. P frutescens Catharanthus. Longum Group cone green C. Longum Group Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. retroflexus. annuum. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. paniculata P. frutescens C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. Chenopodium. Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. annuum. Longum Group C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. roseus C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. A. C. annuum. C. Piper C. annuum. Grossum Group C.

angustifolia var. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Prunus japonica. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. plumarius D. watsonii P maritima P. × paradisiaca. C. nigra P strobus P taeda P. umbellata var. caryophyllus D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. alpinus D. taeda Chimaphila. Silene laciniata. P. M. gratianopolitanus D. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. P salicina P angustifolia. umbellata var. plumarius. americana . Plantago P. taeda P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. C. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. officinalis Dianthus D.

S. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. Liriodendron tulipifera P. P. E.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. biennis P. vulgare Lithospermum. balsamifera P. L. rhoeas P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. 0. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia.

< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. C. pepo C. canadensis C. sativum var. C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. coccineum C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. P. rhabarbarum R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. Hesperis . ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. Diplotaxis. A. R. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pepo Portulaca.

damascena R. centifolia R. chinensis 'Minima' R. × borboniana R. Rubus coronarius R. laevigata R. canina R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. Rosa chinensis R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. × borboniana Kerria. spinosissima R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. sativa Rosa R. moschata . R. damascena 'Bifera' R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana R. gallica R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × harisonii R. banksiae R. canina.

× rehderana R. pitcheri S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. Salvia hierosolymitana . caerula. angustissimus R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. setigera R. Rosmarinus. sclarea S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. officinalis S. microphylla S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. greggii S. rugosa R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. clevelandii S. S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. officinalis Limonium R. azurea subsp. guaranitica S. R.

virens. chamaecyparissus S. A. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. guaranitica S. C. P. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. montana Scabiosa S. halimus Crithmum maritimum.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. S. viridis S. maritimum E. hebecarpa. marilandica Amelanchier . S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. elegans S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. leucophylla S. leucantha S. Salicornia. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. T. neapolitana S.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. nivalis Lamium album. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. biflorum . Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. V. P. C. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria C. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. coggygria Cotinus. P. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria. G. americana. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago.

patulum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . S. E. H.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. O. pyrenaicum. scutatus R. V. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. O. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. officinalis thyme-leaved V. Ornithogalum arabicum. japonica Sorbaria. H. crassipes O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. acetosa. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. L.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus.

vesca F. perennis. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vesca F. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. crispum T. C. O. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. incana M. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vulgare var. M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. chiloensis F. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. O. floridus Philadelphus . vulgare var. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. dracunculus var. T vulgare T. incana M.

'Argenteus' T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. benedictus. marianum S. × citriodorus T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. T. Silybum marianum S. sylvestris D. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. E. maritima Thymus. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. 'Broad-leaf English' T. phaenopyrum C. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. praecox T. marianum S. A. C. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. 'Clear Gold' T. praecox subsp. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. laevigata Eupatorium. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. arcticus T. pallasianus T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T.

Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. lycopersicum var. alata Lycopersicon. Coreopsis Linaria. sanctum O. L.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. P. cerasiforme. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . P. Physalis peruviana L. lycopersicum var. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. lycopersicum L. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. sanctum Tulipa T. C. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. praecox subsp. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. peruviana P. radicans Bignonia capreolata. noli-tangere. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. pruinosa. I.

cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. canina. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. C. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. V. P. Chimaphila. odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta V. C. odorata V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. caprea . longifolia Chamaelaucium. caeruleum Clematis. cornuta 'Alba' V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca.

Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. camphorata A. gmelinii A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. verticillata Chimaphila. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Gaultheria procumbens. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. caprea. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. I. pontica. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Corydalis sempervirens A. ambrosioides Artemisia. Vanilla barbellata A. Stachys . annua A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. nudum Isatis I. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. V. frigida A. S. absinthium A. W.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria.

cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . vomitoria I. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. millefolium A. I. lutea. tomentosa Ilex cassine. simplicissima Cladrastis. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. × media 'Hicksii' T. ageratum A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. C. X. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A.

h. breviflora A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. millefolium A. longifolia Achillea A.. maidenhair American maidenhair. nose-bleed. five-finger f.. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. fourcroydes sweet flag. calamus maidenhair fern. pedatum Agastache A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. taygetea A. alpinus Aconitum A. maidenhair fern. Indian mallow. butter-print. fennel g. calamus Adiantum A. lion's tail anise hyssop. sanguinary. monkshood flowering maple. yarrow sneezeweed. blue giant hyssop. Indian mallow China jute.. ageratum A. thousand-seal. napellus Acorus A. cana A. monkshood helmut flower. h.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. parlor m. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. theophrasti Acacia A. fragrant g. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. foeniculum Agave A.

christophii A. Spanish o. flowering o. ophioscorodon A.. giganteum A. rosea Alchemilla A. karataviense A. ciboule. two-bladed o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. fistulosum A.. cive. scorodoprasum A. Japanese bunching o. garlic rocambole. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. sativum A. cocklebur. tree o. alpina A.A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. githago Ajuga A. ostrowskianum A. serpent garlic chive. neapolitanum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. Pulchellum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . sisal hemp. flavum A. purple c.. moly A. reptans Alcea A. senescens var. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. schoenoprasum A. hemp plant agrimony.. Rosenbachianum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. sativum var. lily leek daffodil garlic. vulgaris Allium A.

Curasao a. cerefolium chervil angelica. tinctoria Anthriscus A. juneberry. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. Barbados a. barbadensis Aloysia A.glaucum A. bugloss alkanet. officinalis Amaranthus A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. shad. amaranth love-lies-bleeding.. Oriental garlic .. officinarum Anchusa A. pulsatilla Anethum A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. sphaerocephalum A. garlic c. hupehensis var. caudatus Amelanchier A. canadensis Amsonia A.. japonica A. medicinal a. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. blanda A. bugloss windflower. tuberosum Aloe A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. triphylla Althaea A. marschalliana A. white m. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. officinalis Anemone A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. archangel. shadbush.

graveolens var. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. chrysantha A. alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens A.Apium A.

dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. sandberry. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. sea pink thrift. sativa A. triphyllum subsp. red cole sagebrush. dracunculus var. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. lactiflora A. wormwood southernwood. Ludoviciana var. mugwort. maritima Armoracia A. pink or white horseradish. gmelinii A. europaeum A. asarabacca wild ginger. rusticana Artemisia A. mealberry. frigida A. old man southernwood absinthe. albula A. camphorata A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. arborescens A. canadense A. mountain box. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. dracontium A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. creashak green-dragon. triphyllum A. hog cranberry. pontica A. virginicum bearberry. bear's grape. annua A. stewardsonii Armeria A. kinnikinick. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood.

halimus A. australis B. silkweed. c. mountain spinach false indigo. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. China grass borage borage. Chinese silk plant. hortensis B Baptista B. cool-tankard cole.Asclepias A. yellow r. papyrifera Boehmeria B. jaundice berry. vulgaris Beta milkweed. orach sea orach. B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. vulgaris Bellis B. pleurisy root. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. c. tuberosa Asparagus A. ruby s. nivea Borago B. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. upland cress winter cress. perennis Berberis B. c. wild indigo blue false indigo. major Atriplex A. ruby s. wild blue i. s.. tinctoria Barbarea B. butterfly flower butterfly weed. tuberroot. plains f. s. mustard . wild indigo. talewort. officinalis Astrantia A. c. saltbush orach. piprage beet swiss chard. i. rocket. rattleweed winter cress.. vulgaris. garden o.

B. strawberry s. grandiflora Calendula C. koreana B. eruca B. officinalis Calycanthus C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. pineapple s. microphylla 'Nana' B. microphylla var. floridus Campanula C.. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. carpatica C. white-flowered k. sempervirens B.. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B.

p. p. p. o. cow-itch. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. p. p. persicifolia C. s. p. green p. o. sweet pepper. p. pimento sweet pepper s. bell p. trumpet vine. s. p. red p. p.C. o. p. trumpet flower. chili p. o.. s. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o. green p. o. o.. C.. p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. crown plant trumpet creeper. rapunculus Campsis C. p..

false saffron. canariensis Cedrus C. Madagascar periwinkle. Tabasco-sauce p. senna.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. celandine celandine turtlehead... 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. nobile Chelidonium C. snakehead .. chili p. Russian c. majus Chelone cayenne p. cristata Cercis C. marilandica Catharanthus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.. Tabasco p. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. red p. deodara Celosia C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. bastard s. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. tinctorius Carum C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. carvi Carya C. capsicum p. shellbark h. garden c... frutescens Carthamus C. illinoinensis C. ovata Cassia C.

parthenium C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. lanuginosa 'Alba' C.. fat hen ambrosia. Meyer 1. umbellata Chionanthus C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. barbe-de-capuchin. ladanifer Citrus C. American w. alecost pyrethrum. leather flower. wintergreen. virgin's bower. feather geranium. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. pyrethum. old-man's-beard costmary. mint geranium... crispus C. intybus Cimicifuga C. leucanthemum C. racemosa Cistus C. Robert Brydon' C. lutea Clematis C. wormseed. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. frutescens C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. botrys Chimaphila C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Chinese dwarf 1. dwarf 1. glabra Chenopodium C. × superbum Cichorium C. coccineum C. rattletop black cohosh. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. Spanish t.. leather flower. virgilia virgin's bower. wax flower. Dalmatia p. bonus-henricus C.C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. devil's-darning- . vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. pigweed Mexican tea. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. balsamita C. cinerariifolium C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. ambrosioides C.

smoke plant. sativum Cornus C. avellana Cotinus C. ambigua C. Venetian sumac.needle Cnicus C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. autumnale Comptonia C. thorn. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. cneorum Coptis C. orientalis Convallaria C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. trifolia Coreopsis C. smokebush. benedictus Coix C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. apiculatus Crataegus C.. thorn apple. peregrina Consolida C. laevigata C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . arkansana C. red haw hawthorn English h. smokebush smoke tree. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. florida Corylus C. majalis Convolvulus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. Chinese parsley dogwood. quick-set.

. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. tomasinianus Cupressus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. sativus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > .. speciosus C. scoparius C. sempervirens Cydonia C. kotschyanus C. × allwoodii D. angustifolius C. maritimum Crocus C. gracilis Dianthus D. sieberi C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. citratus Cytisus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. West Indian 1.C.

lanata D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. gas plant. burning bush. sativus D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. spectabilis Dictamnus D. grandiflora D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. carnation. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. sylvestris Doronicum D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . Simkins' 'Nanus' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D.

torquata Euonymus E. blueweed. Japanese medlar. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. gum tree. poppy eucalypt. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. vulgare Elaeagnus E. pungens Eleocharis E. Australian gum. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. sea eryngo California poppy C. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. hyemale Eranthis E. californica Eucalyptus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E.E. dulcis Endymion E. ironbark. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. arvense E.. maritimum Eschscholzia E. S. perfoliatum E. viridis Epimedium E. plum eryngo sea holly. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. J. epimedium barrenwort. rugosum v. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. jacinth. b. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. japonica Eryngium E. sea holm.

vulgare F. assafoetida Ficus F. finocchio. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. cyparissias F Ferula F. sow-teat s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.Euphorbia E.s. a. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare subsp.s. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. ulmaria F. vulgare var. vulgare F. imperialis Fumaria F. a. chiloensis F. a. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. major Fragaria F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . vulgaris Foeniculum F. alpine s.s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.

sempervirens evening trumpet flower. field balm. robertianum Glechoma G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. Capejasmine wintergreen. woodroof yellow bedstraw. false baby's-breath woodruff. Carolina jessamine Genista G. odoratum G. hederacea Gleditsia G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. sweet w.. jasminoides Gaultheria G. teaberry. gardenia.. honey locust. Carolina jasmine G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. ground ivy. verum Gardenia G. maculatum G.F. pulegioides American pennyroyal.. vernalis H. nivalis Galium G. mollugo G. dyer's greenweed. hexapetala G Galanthus G. runaway robin. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. germanica G. mock p. Carolina yellow j... tinctoria Geranium G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. wild c. virginiana Hedeoma H. woodwaxen. mountain tea. cleavers white bedstraw. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. checkerberry. spotted c. our-lady's-b. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. alumroot herb Robert. red Robin . triacanthos Gossypium G.

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sweet r. corsicus H. bastard jute. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. flavescens Helenium H. turnsole heliotrope. lividus subsp. garland 1. Chinese hibiscus. bimlipatum j. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. mallow. × luteola Herniaria H. matronalis Hibiscus H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting.. foetidus H.. rose m.. daylily . curry plant false licorice.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. Indian hemp. niger H. Deckaner h. Deccan h. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. lemon d. cannabinus H.. glabra Hesperis H. bimli j. orientalis Hemerocallis H.. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. Hawaiian h. lilioasphodelus H. hibiscus kenaf.. China rose. rose-of-China.. blacking plant plantain lily. giant m. angustifolium H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. licorice plant heliotrope. atrorubens H. arborescens Helleborus H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.

perforatum Hyssopus H. navelwort gotu kola St. rose h.-John's-wort St. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. Burford's holly Japanese holly.. crenata var. horned h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. asiatica Hypericum H. I. . undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. box-leaved h. lupulus Hydrangea H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. European h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. white h. patulum 'Sungold' H. orangeroot. box-leaved h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. cornuta 'Burfordii' I.H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.-John's-wort St. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.

asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. 'Great Lakes' I. helenium Ipomoea I. capensis Indigofera I. J. touch-me-not jewelweed.I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. snapweed. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. vomitoria 'Nana' I. spotted t. horizontalis creeping j. crested dwarf i. yellow flag. cristata I. glabra I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. × germanica var. officinale Juniperus J. pseudacorus Isatis I. water f.. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. florentina I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. chinensis var. alba Iris I.. woad dyer's woad. maculata J Jasminum J. tinctoria Inula I. jewelweed. virginiana red cedar jasmine. tinctoria Ixia I. opaca I. African corn lily corn lily orris. crested i. wilsonii Impatiens I.

. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.Justicia water willow J. dentata var. brandegeana shrimp plant J. plume plant.. album L.. dumb nettle. bay. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. nobilis Lavandula L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. maculatum L. angustifolia L. white d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. plume flower. flamingo p. n. carnea Brazilian-plume.. d. sweet bay laurel. paradise p. indica Lamium L. n. dentata L.

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

benzoin Linum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. aestivum Levisticum L. hedge plant privet. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. pepperwort. sativum Leucojum L. perenne L. marsh rosemary. officinale Ligustrum L. blue cardinal flower ..< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. chalcedonicum Limonium L. muscari Lobelia L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. leonurus Leontopodium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. summer s. lovage privet. usitatissimum Liriope L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. candidum L.

water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. gypsywort. honesty. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. lycopersicum var. silver-dollar. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. annua Lychnis L. coral h. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. cordata Magnolia M.L.. coronaria 'Alba' L. vulgaris Lythrum L. maritima L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. stellata M. europaeus Lysimachia L. penny f. virginiana sweet alyssum. flava L. grandiflora M. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . satin flower honesty. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. lycopersicum var. sempervirens Lunaria L. money plant. coronaria L. campion. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. moonwort. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. catchfly mullein pink.

musk m. × piperita var. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. holly mahonia. cowslip. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.. lungwort bluebells. alcea var. hupehensis Malva M. lemon m. holly g.. horsemint . incanum M. bee b. 'Guiding Star' M.. vulgare Matthiola M. longifolia M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. curly m. holly barberry. b. × gentilis M. officinalis Mentha M.. × piperita M. Scotch m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. apple m. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot.. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. Oregon g. mountain g. stock stock...Mahonia M. white h.. bergamot m. sweet b. aquatica M.. angustifolia M. incana Melissa M. citrata M. fastigiata Marrubium M. bluebells. Virginia c. imperial stock balm lemon b. menthella. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. American crab. 'Eau de Cologne' M. Virginia b. blue barberry apple. pineapple m. requienii M. pennyroyal Corsican m. gillyflower. pulegium M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. Brampton stock.

fistulosa M. red m. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. punctata Montia M. sweet cicely. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. white b. American m. fistulosa var. Swedish m. anise. b. winter purslane. menthifolia M. pink b. banana abaca. Oswego tea. swamp c. sylvatica Myrica M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Manila hemp forget-me-not. citriodora M. candleberry. textilis Myosotis M. b. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. white bee balm pink b.. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M.M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . b. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. myrrh. Greek myrtle. odorata Myrtus M.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

cowslip self-heal self-heal.. balsam p. vulgaris Prunus P. veris Prunella P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. trifoliata Populus P. nepalensis P. brake. Jerusalem cowslip white p. hog-pasture b.. lungwort blue 1. pensylvanica P. widdy shrubby c. heal-all. angustifolia P. domestica P. Americana P. five-finger shrubby c. all-heal salad burnet. Jerusalem sage. sieboldii 'Alba' P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. hackmatack. sand p. maritima P. persica Pteridium P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. pasture b. tacamahac cinquefoil. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. granatum Pyrus P..Poncirus P. aspen. golden hardhack. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. brake bracken. hardy orange poplar. elatior P.

banksiae R. stellata R Ranunculus R. red currant... pygmy r. cabbage r. York-and-Lancaster r. gallica damask r.Quercus Q. brier Banksia r. moss r. dyer's rocket rhubarb.. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. sweetbrier French r. chinensis 'Minima' R. ficaria Reseda R... China r. luteola Rhamnus R. fairy r. alpinum R. canina R. eglantine. mountain c. 'Cinderella' R. garden c. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. sativum Rosa R. garden r. moss r. crowfoot lesser celandine. autumn damask r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. eglanteria R. brier r. purshiana Rheum R. pie plant. dog b.. small c. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. pilewort mignonette weld. Bourbon r. × borboniana R. . rose. typhina Ribes R. dog r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. gooseberry alpine c.

officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Cherokee r. bitter d. × harisonii R. rugosa R. angustissimus R. rosemary white r. r. madder bramble blackberry. wichuraiana R. spinosissima R. Scotch r. acetosa R. climbing r. laevigata R. chinquapin r. moschata R.'Officinalis' R. French sorrel rue . hirta Rumex R. 'Schneezwerg' R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. garden sorrel broad dock. rosemary pine-scented r. Japanese r.. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. climbing r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. burnet r.. setigera R. prostrate rosemary.. sorrel. Harison's yellow r. obtusifolius R. chestnut r.. polyantha r. × rehderana R. dock s. prairie r. tinctorum Rubus R. Turkestan r. golden p. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. musk r. roxburghii R. snowdwarf memorial r.

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sclarea S. Mexican bush s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. greggii S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. purple sage baby sage garden sage. clary annual clary elder. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. guaranitica S. caerula S. bloodroot rue . leucophylla S. garden s. clevelandii S. canadensis willow. involucrata S. variegated garden s. viridis Sambucus S. golden g. argentea S. s. caprea Salvia S. American e. leucantha S. bloodroot red puccoon. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. gray sage. purple g. pussy willow sage. s. microphylla S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. elderberry American e. purple variegated garden s. elegans S. osier goat willow. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S.

hen-and-chickens. jasminoides S. sweet s. sisarum Solanum S. good-luck plant.. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. roof h. orpine donkey's tail orpine. hortensis S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. atropurpurea Sedum S. live-forever houseleek. hemp plant snake plant. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. milk t. officinalis Sassafras S. tectorum Silybum S. pinnata S. virens Saponaria S. neapolitana S. trifasciata Santolina S. canadensis Sansevieria S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle.. albidum Satureja S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. skirret potato vine eggplant. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. telephium Sempervivum S. melongena var.Sanguisorba S. Mary's t. lucky plant. live-forever houseleek. pincushion flower pincushions. devil's tongue. marianum Sium S. mourning-bride stonecrop. blessed t... mad apple . St. morganianum S.

Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. americana Stachys S. laevis Symphytum S.. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. lutea Stokesia S. patula melongene. officinale Syringa S. californica Sorbaria S. big m. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. erecta marigold African m. lilac . grandiflora S. laciniata Persian lilac S.. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. × persica var. vulgaris 'Addie V. byzantina S. Aztec m. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. woundwort lamb's-ears. reticulata var. hedge nettle. sorbifolia Sorbus S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. officinale S.

vulgare T. crispum Taraxacum T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T.. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. wood sage germander dwarf. 'Argenteus' T.T. marum Thuja T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. procumbent g. columnar y. lemon t. filifolia T. tansy tansy. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. culinary golden lemon t. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. dense y. canadense T.. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. fruticans T. yew conical y. dwarf m. signet m. sweet mace French m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. vulgare var. officinale Taxus T. carnosus T. upright y. germander American g. lucida T. . occidentalis Thymus T..

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arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. leucotrichus T.. romero clover red clover star jasmine. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. pratensis Trichostema T. praecox subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. creeping t. nitidus T. herba-barona T. wishbone flower. doerfleri T. richardii subsp. t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T.. not culinary French t. t. nummularius T. pallasianus T. praecox T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. caraway t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. glabrescens T. . 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. odorus t. lanatum Trifolium T. zygis Torenia T. lemon t. serpyllum T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. confederatej. red c. woolly thyme creeping t. crimson c.

hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. nettle stinging n. farfara U Urginea U. cranberry. 'General de Wet' T. bitter Indian garden n. thapsus Veronica V. 'Blizzard' T. blattaria V. speedwell. olympicum V. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. angustifolium var. officinalis V. maritima Urtica U. clusiana T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. dioica V Vaccinium V. . flannel plant. tall n. mullein mullein. kaufmanniana T.Tropaeolum T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. canadensis Tulipa T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. species t.. 'Sweet Harmony' T. pale yellow Darwin t. minus Tsuga T. officinalis Verbascum V. velvet p. tarda T. Indian cress dwarf n. laevifolium Valeriana V. squill. huckleberry.. tawny orange t. red s. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. majus T. blueberry. early. water-lily t.

myrtle. sheepberry.Vetiveria V. canina V. prunifolium Vinca V.. violet dog violet horned v. heartsease. tricolor V. carlesii V.. sweet h. possum haw . viola white viola blue viola teaberry. cassinoides V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. lutea 'Splendens' V. ladies-delight. maple-leaved viburnum. heartsease pansy.. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. zizanioides Viburnum V. minor Viola V. nannyberry. khus-khus. odorata V. withe-rod vetiver. lesser p. running m. acerifolium V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. arrowwood. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. × wittrockiana Vitis V.

ginger. Canton g. Adam's-needle. officinale ginger true ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.

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