This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
< previous page
next page >
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
more of them exist to serve as examples. wheedling. alterations.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. punching. pushing. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. and I have had the pleasure of advising. whether all their labor was to no avail. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. With false starts and honest stops. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. carefully chosen. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Ginny had done some writing. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. bereft of hope. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. This was not to be. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. Again they revised. for they had no model and no guide. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. especially poetry. with sparkling enthusiasm. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. and the experience provided the final section of the book. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. successes. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. It needs no sequel. The turning point came when. seven years ago. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . This they did. Their energy and charm caught me up. build it. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Then. and the publisher. and record every detailall of the failures. responded with delight.
" We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. rather. degree of maintenance required. We. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Not all plants used are herbs. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. Italics are always used for botanical names. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. The herb garden designs alone. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. we completed a test garden. specialty. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. English thyme. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. although countless common names exist. 1969 and 1980. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. former generic names. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Likewise." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. A range of essential factors is considered herein. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. or by contributors. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. the authors. Some of these were created by landscape architects. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. by their owners. To achieve this. without accompanying commentary. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. and educational purpose. and these are capitalizedfor example. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. while others were prepared by landscape designers. historical interest. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. .
< previous page page_ix next page > .
She has served.D. Weatherhead. has given us valuable information. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. His assistant. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. and Joanna Reed. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Herbert J. Genevieve Jyurovat. Recognition is due Robert B. Jo Lohmolder. past presidents. as expediter and typist. Alexander Apanius. Trudi Bela. and Elizabeth Bryce. Betty Rea. former director of same. Rady. Keebler and the late Everest P. and the horticulturist. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Wanda Ritchie. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. former managing editors. Finally. Nell Neff. Special thanks are due James C. too. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. We are grateful to many. Lee Buss.. Swanson and Robert B. and August Frugé. and Rexford Talbert. A lecturer on herbs. Isaacson. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. which made possible the completion of our text. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. FAITH H. Eleanor Gambee. has been especially helpful over the years. Alice Skelsey. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. librarian. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. The late Raymond C. SWANSON VIRGINIA B.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Derthick. president. M. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. have also been of assistance. Richard T. Susan Frugé. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Its interest is independent of flowers. some of which are evergreen. and hedges will have been located." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. fences. As one constantly reinforces the other. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. to increase the value of the property. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. a front dooryard. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. and structures. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. Perennial herbs." A good design does not "happen. the north point will have been indicated. temples of worship. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. As Henry Beston reflects. not at all difficult to maintain. If no . In order to create a fine garden design. partially excavated area. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. "Not difficult to plan. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and decisions must not be left to chance. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. lay out a plan of the property. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. new plants. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. new ways of seeing. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. or an abandoned.
which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. and hedges. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale.
the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. such as the one illustrated here. and the driveway. too. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. A deed description. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. other significant structures. In this example. measurements are in engineer's scale. The object is to . This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. but with all needed information. too. will give the lot or acreage measurements.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Here. Next. In the absence of a survey map. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Other areas may require a smaller scale. measure to locate the house. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. to locate the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing.
roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. paths. and unusual land features noted. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. lines at an angle. enclosures. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. triangleof inexpensive plastic. The smaller the scale. shrubs. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. and parallel lines. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. < previous page page_3 next page > . compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. driveway. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. The tools needed for drawing are few.
and stone. bayberry. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. garage. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. In the designs that follow. old smokehouse. yew." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. or summer kitchen is ideal. greenhouse. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. In the absence of a structure. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. Upkeep. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. However. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . In some cases. brick. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. and hedges of hemlock. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. and holly. iron. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. gazebo. With the plan on paper. One basic rule is the higher the wall. A toolhouse.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. cut stones. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Brick is the all-time favorite material. railroad ties. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Where air circulation is much needed. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. a temporary garden that may be changed later. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. it will seem too sparsely planted. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. . Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. deeply evergreen. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. or pressure-treated lumber. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. bricks. Stained. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. too. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Equally important is proportion. but the results will confirm this course. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Generally. however. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. such as bayberry. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Styles are legion. At first. for reinforcing the design. Allow adequate room within the row. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. so give them much thought. Stone. Rosemary. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. whether it will be rocks. If used. painted. In some climates. For example. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. or. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. the garden design is most attractive. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. If desired. Lower cost is an advantage. yew. for example. holly. if wood is the material of choice. or natural. When used with a hedge. as in outdoor room dividers. When this reinforcement is understated. they can be made to order. Gates are part of the enclosure. some deciduous and some evergreen. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. as an example. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. and rosemary. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Whatever the reason. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. box. gray surfaces are found. annual painting is a necessity. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. elegant box. and their styles are countless. landscape timbers.
The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. Conversely. awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. there is a necessary. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
< previous page page_6 next page > .
however. because they are just that. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Access paths. the greater the tread. It is a general rule that the less the riser. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. their use no less than comfortable. Step materials need not be the same as. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. making the design more evident. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. There are. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. appearance. too. If groups are walking through. or red. . Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. The colors are various: terracotta. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Paths must be ample. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. and maintenance. cost. for example.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. but should be compatible with. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. rosy pink.
in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .
In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.
and many good references are available. a result being hazardous footing. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. bark or pine needles can be used. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . shrubs. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. is an enjoyable experience. a soft-lead pencil in hand. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. prepare a planting plan for each. This. or trees to be considered. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum.) To avoid having a slippery surface. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. they should not shade the herbs too much. If the garden is made up of separate beds. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. They are easily renewed as they break down. serviceberry. When they mature. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. shad Malus coronaria. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. too. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. With these recommendations in mind. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it.
too. 'Mount Hood daff. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. It needs. it is easily read and easily erased. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. whether they are invasive or tall growing. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Often this center of interest is a sundial. one-half inch equals one foot. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. or whatever is best in your case. noting well their growth habits. for example. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. a focal point is customarily used. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. such as the one illustrated here. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Do use a soft-lead pencil. lemon thyme.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Artifacts such as an old hand pump. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Artifacts As with other gardens. however. for example. Sept. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs.
It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. the height of a fence to the house. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. a niche of its own should be created. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. Again.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. < previous page page_9 next page > . If a statue less than life-size is used.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. Except for two. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a stylized drawing of an ovary. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. However. the designs have a decorative north point. that of good proportion. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 1.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. fennel 2.Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architect. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. The first number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm 13. salad burnet 12. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Pelargonium graveolens. 4. sweet 25. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. rose 24. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. dill cerasiforme.Ocimum basilicum. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. With color and texture considered for contrast. lovage 17. 6. lemon balm . This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 15. or other structure. A. 7.Satureja hortensis. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Melissa officinalis. Lavenders accent the front corners.L. 21.Allium 11.A. sativa. 5. arcticus 27.Viola tricolor. 22.Lobularia maritima. 16.Satureja montana. Foeniculum vulgare.Origanum majorana. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. summer 23. 3.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Galium odoratum. The rules of symmetry are observed. 26. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.S. which is used here in relation to a garage. 14. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. a fence.
Origanum heracleoticum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Porrum Group. costmary 'Albus'.8. chive 18. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. Pelargonium × limoneum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . Greek 28.Salvia officinalis. curly parsley 10. Chrysanthemum balsamita. 19.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. dwarf garden 20.Petroselinum crispum var. leek 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
Rosmarinus officinalis. white 20. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Pelargonium graveolens. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. fennel English lavender geranium 4. bush basil 3.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Artemisia dracunculus var. . 11.Lavandula angustifolia. 13. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Pelargonium tomentosum. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. 1. Petroselinum crispum var. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. 17.Satureja hortensis.Foeniculum vulgare.Aloysia triphylla.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 18. 9. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Monarda didyma. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. rose 19. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. curly parsley sativa. French tarragon 2. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. lemon verbena 21.Poterium sanguisorba.Allium schoenoprasum. as was done here. 12. summer 10. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.
Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana.Thymus × citriodorus.salad burnet 6. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Galium odoratum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English thyme dill 8. 16. English'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. eglantine 23. 14. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Rosa eglanteria. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.
lovage 15. making the beds larger and the paths wider. still observing a scale. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. however.Salvia officinalis.L. Then the design might need to be expanded. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Petroselinum crispum.Mentha spicata. . Origanum majorana.Levisticum officinale.Taxus cuspidata.Thymus × citriodorus. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. sativa. lemon thyme 10.S.Chionanthus virginicus. 9.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. The number in each planting area is the key number. The garden is conveniently located. garden sage 8. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Even in limited space.Satureja hortensis. summer savory 11. and the plan could be used at a front door. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. spearmint 16. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. sweet marjoram 3. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. parsley 5. dill 2. salad burnet 14. Japanese yew 17. A. 13. however.Allium schoenoprasum. English thyme Greek oregano 4.A. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. 7. Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.
leek Foeniculum vulgare. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. 33. 25.Polemonium reptans. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Osmunda cinnamomea. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 30. cinnamon fern 4. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. yellow 29.L. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Viola odorata.Teucrium chamaedrys. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. The long. Landscape Architect. fraxinella 15. salad 20. Jacob's-ladder 3. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. summer 21.Origanum majorana. 32. blue lungwort 26.Humulus lupulus. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. 6. garden sage 17.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Allium ampeloprasum.Asarum canadense. A. 9. lemon thyme 28. bee balm 14.A.Thymus × citriodorus.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.Pulmonaria officinalis. Christmas fern 5. fennel 19. lavender marjoram 2.Stachys byzantina. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. wild ginger 27.Polystichum acrostichoides.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.S. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. the challenge is obvious.Primula vulgaris. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Convallaria majalis. This is an intimate garden. 31. Dictamnus albus. 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 7. hop sativa. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. sweet violet 16. 18. The number in each planting area is the key number. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. Monarda didyma. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 1. 13.Digitalis grandiflora.
sweet 34.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.lilac 10. yellow bedstraw 23.Korean box 11.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley mountain ash 12. French'. winter savory 24.Satureja montana. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . French thyme woodruff koreana.Buxus microphylla var. 35.savory germander Willmott'.Galium verum. crispum.Sorbus americana. Canada hemlock Standard'.Galium odoratum.Tsuga canadensis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.
< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. dill 10. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. French Greek oregano sorrel 11." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. Surprisingly.Salvia officinalis. this design can be an inspiration. To be placed near the kitchen. geometric design. 19. neapolitanum. It is a pleasing. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. it became part of the patio. devoted to a "yearly surprise. garden sage 20. Italian parsley . it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Origanum heracleoticum. One of the beds. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. lemon verbena 2.Rumex scutatus. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Aloysia triphylla. 1.Petroselinum crispum var. Even so. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.
curly parsley 22.Borago officinalis.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. crispum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja hortensis.3. borage 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium tuberosum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. purple basil 4.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. chive 25.Ocimum basilicum 12. basil sativa. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . winter savory 24.Origanum majorana.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 13. summer savory 23.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. lemon balm cicely 6.Poterium sanguisorba.Anthriscus cerefolium. sweet 18. garlic chive 26. lemon basil 9. Alpine strawberry 7.Myrrhis odorata.17. French tarragon 5. chervil marjoram 21.Allium schoenoprasum. English thyme bush basil 8.Melissa officinalis. sweet 14. salad 15. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 16.Satureja montana.
sweet cicely 23.Stachys byzantina. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. so.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium in variety. green santolina 12.Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. English lavender 10. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. As a whole. To increase the planting area.Galium odoratum.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. purple basil 4.Myrrhis odorata. D. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. sweet 13. 14. scented-leaf geranium 2. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. it is full of interesting angles.Thymus × citriodorus. the work paths could be eliminated. 1. 19. blue 22. geometric design. English thyme lemon thyme 11. it is an unusual. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.C.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. Created in an orderly way. gray .Lavandula angustifolia. rosemary 3.Rosmarinus officinalis. winter 21.Satureja montana. lamb's-ears 20. too. The center beds here were established in this way. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.
clove pink 7.6. germander 16.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. American southernwood holly 17. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Artemisia camphorata.Salvia officinalis. silver mound artemisia 18.Dianthus caryophyllus.Ilex opaca.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia abrotanum.Myrtus communis. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . horehound24. classic myrtle 9.Marrubium vulgare. French thyme santolina 15.
The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. blue hyssop 2. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. gray santolina 13. sweet woodruff 5. 1. which adds its impression of warmth. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. This center of interest is of particular note.Melissa officinalis. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. English lavender 6. this herb garden is secluded.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp. Job's tears 11. too. borage 23.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe 26. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. sweet basil 4. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Calendula officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lemon balm 22. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Lavandula angustifolia. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. winter savory 16. arcticus 21.Satureja montana. sativa. French tarragon 14.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. tansy 25. Sometimes space is limited.Borago officinalis. Achillea millefolium. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. Coix lacryma-jobi. purple basil 3.Chamaemelum . rosemary 15. Its arrow points north and. casts the shadow for the hour. yarrow 12.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. pot marigold 24.
white creeping thyme nobile. marjoram pecan 10. pineapplescented sage 9.Carya illinoinensis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. wild marjoram 28. chamomile 17. costmary 'Albus'.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium in variety. variegated garden sage 8. sweet 29.Origanum vulgare. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. scented-leaf 27. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . garden sage 19.Syringa.Symphytum officinale. Salvia elegans.Origanum majorana. comfrey20. Salvia officinalis. chive 18.7.
garlic Levisticum officinale.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. 5.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. summer 32. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 18.Pelargonium graveolens. rose geranium 2. sweet cicely 37. lovage 22. lemon balm 35. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Melissa officinalis. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. The more invasive ones. Anthriscus cerefolium. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. chervil 15.Salvia officinalis. 36.Allium schoenoprasum. 19.Allium sativum.Pelargonium × limoneum.Ruta graveolens.Satureja hortensis. sweet 34.Teucrium chamaedrys. sunken into the ground. 8. French sorrel 21. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. true ginger16. 3.Galium odoratum. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. blue 23. hyssop Meyer lemon . and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. When controlled in this way. for example lemon balm and spearmint. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Myrrhis odorata. 4. 30. parsley 17. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 29. horehound 33. 1. dill 20.Ipomoea alba. 7. rue 31. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. sativa. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Marrubium vulgare. 9.Apium graveolens. 6.
Ocimum basilicum. French thyme 24.Tropaeolum minus. bush basil 14.Magnolia virginiana.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. sweet basil 38.Aloysia triphylla. lemonthyme 28.Poterium sanguisorba. Greek oregano 12. salad burnet 25. spearmint 27.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha spicata. lemon verbena 11. Japanese yew 39. English thyme 26. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .10.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus × citriodorus. dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.
and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. however. simplify!. "Simplify. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. < previous page page_22 next page > ." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. whatever the reason. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. a quick way to ensure good drainage. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. but.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
parsley 2. peppermint 23. lemon 22.Salvia officinalis.Monarda didyma. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number. 14.Mentha x piperita. garden sage 3.Anethum graveolens.Tanacetum vulgare. arcticus. spearmint 21.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata. sweet 17. 16. spicebush absinthe French'.Impatiens capensis.Lindera benzoin. dill 13.Lactuca sativa. 18. tansy 11. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Satureja hortensis. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. 26.Origanum majorana.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 15.Ruta graveolens.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Artemisia absinthium.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. rue 20. bee balm 19.Hedeoma pulegioides. bell pepper 6.Aloe barbadensis. summer basil savory 7. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. French tarragon 5.Galium odoratum. balm sativa. jewelweed24.Capsicum frutescens. tomato American pennyroyal 4. lettuce 10. sweet 25. aloe Grossum Group. 12.Allium fistulosum.Petroselinum crispum.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. arcticus 14. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Perovskia abrotanoides. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. too.Teucrium chamaedrys. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. . Thymus praecox subsp. A low wall of brick. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium in variety. faced and capped with random. horizontally laid bluestone. Russian 13. encloses this plan. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French thyme 2. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. 8.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. germander 7. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.
St. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. crimson creeping thyme 9. lemon balm hyssop 12. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.angustifolia. blue 11.Melissa officinalis. lemon thyme 10.Hyssopus officinalis.Galium odoratum. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Viburnum cassinoides. white creeping thyme 5.Santolina neapolitana 4.Alchemilla vulgaris.Hamamelis virginiana. arcticus 'Albus'.Campsis radicans.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus × citriodorus. trumpet vine 16. lavender 3.Thymus praecox subsp. witch hazel 18.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. lady's6. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.-John'swort 17.
box. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. holly. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. Germander is a proper edging here. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. lilac. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. Although this is not a large garden. < previous page page_28 next page > . the shrubsyew. However.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. It is. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. however.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Hyssopus officinalis. santolina alpine pink 28. Thymus praecox subsp. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender 22. white hyssop 4. mint silver mound artemisia 25. winter 29. green 27. sweet albula. cottage pink 2.Anemone pulsatilla.Dictamnus albus.Thymus praecox subsp. Heliotropium arborescens. clary 30. Alchemilla vulgaris. blue horehound hyssop 3. Marrubium vulgare. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. florentina. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb'sears 35. dwarf box 41.Satureja montana.Syringa patula.Santolina virens. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Japanese holly 42.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. rue 6. 9. orris 38.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Japanese yew 44.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Myrtus communis.Salvia leucophylla. sweet cicely17.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. Corsican 24.Artemisia frigida. prostrate rosemary 13.Chamaemelum nobile. Simkins'. white creeping thyme 37. mantle chamomile 5. Thymus praecox subsp. 26. 12. Viola odorata.Teucrium chamaedrys.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Cytisus supinus.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Artemisia camphorata.Santolina pinnata 34.Thymus praecox subsp.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. arcticus 'Albus'. alpine strawberry 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 23.Iris cristata. crimson creeping thyme 31. Myrrhis odorata. lilac 45. 18. classic myrtle 15. 1.Stachys byzantina.20. dwarf privet 48. dwarf crested iris 39.Ruta graveolens.Salvia sclarea.Eloise & Jo Ray.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Mentha requienii.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. woolly thyme 7. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. gray sage savory 14. red creeping thyme 10.Iris × germanica var. broom 40.Comptonia peregrina. columnal yew 43. lady's. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. fringed wormwood 16. Japanese holly 47.Borago officinalis.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. sweet violet 19. 32. fraxinella 33. germander 36. 21. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .
the center of interest for the herb garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. < previous page page_30 next page > . Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. while adding to the enclosure of the area. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. This hedge.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and a vegetable garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The direction a path takes can add interest. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. a cutting garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. a running bond pattern. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. Other paths are brick. an herb garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have.
S. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. .L. A.
Petroselinum crispum var.Allium christophii.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. bush basil 41. sativa.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. starsMaxima'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. plantain lily 2. yellow epimedium 15. alpine strawberry 3. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Teucrium chamaedrys. winter savory 44. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. Campanula persicifolia.Stokesia laevis.Galium odoratum. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. Achillea taygetea.Ocimum basilicum 54. fraxinella 26.Aloysia triphylla. statice Solemacher'. candytuft Standard'. 55.Allium schoenoprasum.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Origanum heracleoticum.Hemerocallis × luteola. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. 50.Stachys byzantina. double white peony of-Persia 12. 47. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. green santolina 42.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Digitalis grandiflora. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Stokes' aster 31.Polystichum acrostichoides. Christmas 48. York-andLancaster rose 16. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. 37. yellow 35. Anethum graveolens 23.Origanum majorana. French tarragon 8.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer 34.Chrysanthemum × superbum. sweet marjoram 45.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Lilium candidum.Rosa damascena savory crispum. lemon 29.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. lamb's-ears 49. dill wishbone flower 5. cottage pink French'. blue 27.Helleborus niger. pale 28.Santolina virens. 14. Dictamnus albus. purple basil Japanese holly 17. garden sage 56.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. verbena rose chive 11. Louise'. sweet 51. lemon thyme 40.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 1. French thyme 7.Ribes alpinum.Satureja hortensis.Limonium latifolium.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Satureja montana.Salvia sclarea. 52. blue iris 9. lavender 18. clary 46.Pelargonium in variety.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.The number in each planting area is the key number. germander 39. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. Aquilegia chrysantha.Magnolia virginiana.Hyssopus officinalis. 53. white 'Bouquet'. yellow 24. blue hyssop 43. 32. helenium 4.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.
A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. < previous page page_32 next page > . An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. as in this case. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. a retaining wall or walls are needed.
lamb's25. sweet 23.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Melissa officinalis.Mentha spicata. lady's43. Borago officinalis.Galium odoratum.Aloysia triphylla. 1. . crispum. 21.Iris pseudacorus.Alchemilla vulgaris.Lavandula angustifolia. English 44.45.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Monarda didyma.Iris cristata. Landscape Architect. The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.R. 42. lemon 22. Stachys byzantina.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Allium schoenoprasum. F. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. borage 26. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Thymus × citriodorus.Viola odorata. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. spearmint 41. lemon verbena 46. Ocimum basilicum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.A. bee balm 24.A.
Allium cepa. pink hawthorn 16. clove 55. polyantha rose 12.Allium ampeloprasum. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. 33.Vinca minor.Dianthus caryophyllus.Cornus florida. absinthe English thyme 27.Allium tuberosum. Proliferum Group.Anethum graveolens. leek 49. myrtle 58. 37. fennel 35. Egyptian onion 11.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 34. 40. Poterium sanguisorba.Capsicum frutescens. savory sativa. carpet bugleweed 8.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Salvia elegans.Nepeta cataria. curly mint 30.Crataegus arkansana. southernwood 31. garlic chive 48. Porrum Group.7. Greek 53. 52.Foeniculum vulgare. catnip 50. garden sage 36. citrata.Cassia marilandica.Verbascum thapsus.Ruta graveolens. tabasco senna pepper 20.Quercus stellata. mullein chive 47. rue 51. wild 39. salad burnet 10. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. flowering dogwood 15. Ajuga reptans.Mentha pulegium.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium sativum. rosemary 9. French tarragon holly 13. horehound neapolitanum.Salvia officinalis.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. summer 32.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum. post crispum 'Banquet'.Elaeagnus pungens.Satureja hortensis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . 57.Mentha × piperita var.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum heracleoticum. 56. orange mint 29.Rosa × rehderana. pennyroyal 54. sweet marjoram 28.Artemisia absinthium.Origanum majorana.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. pineapple38.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. curly parsley oak 17. Rosmarinus officinalis.
< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. and vinegars. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. < previous page page_34 next page > . A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. sleep pillows. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. However. mothproofing bags. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. Although this is a northeast exposure.
< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.
Rumex scutatus.Calendula officinalis. French gray santolina sorrel 8. blue hyssop 35. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Salvia elegans.Pelargonium × limoneum.Monarda didyma. 49. 19. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Pelargonium tomentosum.Salvia oficinalis. lily leek 44. pot 28. 21.Alchemilla vulgaris. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium moly. bay 48. lavender 7.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. purple basil sage 11. garden 'Purpurascens'. Roman 20.Tsuga canadensis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis. crispum. nutmeg geranium 39. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Allium sphaerocephalum. Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon 10. 'Monge'. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Agastache foeniculum.Allium pulchellum 47. 23. daylily in variety 41. lemon verbena 36. chive 43. 1. salad 22.Satureja montana. Egyptian onion 42. Hallock'. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Tropaeolum minus. 'President Poincare'.Artemisia abrotanum. anise hyssop 14.Hemerocallis.The number in each planting area is the key number. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Iris × germanica var. lemon 31. florentina. orris 17. lettuce in variety 25. Proliferum Group. English finger-bowl geranium 38. dwarf nasturtium 37. balm valerian 15. lemon 18.Valeriana officinalis. southernwood 9. Ruta graveolens.Salvia officinalis. Artemisia pontica. tansy 16.Laurus nobilis.Thuja occidentalis.Allium sativum var.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata. garden sage 2. winter 29. Poterium sanguisorba. lilac 32.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Galium odoratum. Thymus × citriodorus.Aloysia triphylla.Allium cepa.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Melissa officinalis. Lactuca. rue 26. sativa. peppermint geranium 40.Pelargonium graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis . bee balm 30.Ocimum basilicum 27. 24. round-headed garlic 46. burnet lovage 6.Tanacetum vulgare. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. costmary 5.Pelargonium fragrans. 50.
It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. is the focus of the middle level. < previous page page_36 next page > . Invasive. A simple knot. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.
Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Monarda didyma.Armeria maritima.Satureja hortensis. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Artemisia dracunculus var. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Marrubium vulgare. Valeriana officinalis. fennel 25. French tarragon 44. bee balm 26. thyme 3.Salvia elegans.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound 46. salad burnet 23. pineapplescented sage 47. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Digitalis purpurea.Poterium sanguisorba. white thrift 24. golden thyme . pineapple mint 22. sativa. valerian 5.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. dwarf winter savory 2.Sempervivum tectorum. houseleek 45. foxglove 4. summer savory 43.
Eranthis hyemalis.Symphytum officinale. lavender Christmas rose 11.Anemone pulsatilla.Salvia officinalis. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Artemisia absinthium.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.6. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum.Chrysanthemum 36.Teucrium chamaedrys.Alchemilla vulgaris. arcticus 55.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. fraxinella 8. clary 48. Isatis tinctoria. pink 62. 39. white 58. pink 59. Madonna cicely lily 12.Helleborus niger. feverfew climbing rose 16.Galium verum.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. English 52. Salvia sclarea. pot 35.Rosa chinensis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. angelica Lenten rose 10.Origanum majorana. sweet 50.Ruta graveolens. absinthe 53. rosemary 28.Agrimonia eupatoria. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Hyssopus officinalis. garden 42.Galium odoratum. dwarf edging box 21.Laurus nobilis. 33.Rosa eglanteria. sweet 32. skirret 60. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Sium sisarum. dyer's woad 7. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Lilium candidum.Levisticum officinale. yellow 41. white creeping thyme aconite 14. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. 61. sweet basil sage 27.Crocus sativus. blue hyssop 57.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Calendula officinalis.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. French'.Helleborus orientalis. marigold chive 15.Myrrhis odorata. 38.Echium vulgare. annual clary 51. China rose comfrey 19.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. 54. viper's 34. sweet 37. Angelica archangelica. Dictamnus albus.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. germander 56.Salvia viridis. rue 31. 30. 40. parthenium.
Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. < previous page page_38 next page > . However. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. even though space is limited. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. There is variety in this plan. and the shagbark hickory. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Carya ovata. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.
sweet basil Satureja montana. chive Ilex opaca. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. valerian Rosa damascena. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. green santolina Primula veris. red mint . Canada Isatis tinctoria. Adiantum pedatum. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. Poterium sanguisorba. Asarum canadense. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. sativa. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. citrata. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. angelica Mondarda didyma. rue Cornusflorida. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. box Buxus sempervirens. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. dogwood Salvia sclarea. germander Agastache foeniculum. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. lamb's. French Galium odoratum. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. stewardsonii. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. box Carya ovata. borage Petroselinum crispum.Galium verum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens.Arisaema triphyllum. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. box Ruta graveolens. Marrubium vulgare. flax Buxus sempervirens. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. Aloysia triphylla. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. unplanned look was desired. A singular statue of St. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. a dipping pool there. An informal.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. this excavation. For this appearance. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. it is open on the side facing the house. is on a sandy knoll. A clump of birch here. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. too. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. < previous page page_40 next page > . However. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. first intended for the construction of a cottage. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Origanum onites. pennyroyal 46.Coriandrum sativum.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. wild 51. sea onion angelica 24. golden 37.Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata. chive crispum. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. wild 43. 33.Levisticum officinale. 8.Nepeta cataria. Iris × germanica var. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Consolida orientalis. 12.Pelargonium graveolens. garden sage lungwort 57.Rosa 'Merry England'. 60.Anthriscus cerefolium.Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana.Valeriana officinalis.Salvia elegans.Artemisia abrotanum. 53.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. lemon 35. myrtle 14. 30. 65. 77. Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia. 64. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 61.Althaea officinalis.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. creeping juniper 26.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. orris chamaecyparissus.Allium favum lovage 22. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Melissa officinalis. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 70. feverfew 27. Johnny-jump-up54.Stachys byzantina.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 79. 72.Pelargonium denticulatum. marsh 42.Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum.Teucrium canadense. bee balm . 38. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. rose bergamot valerian 25. 36.Pelargonium odoratissimum. 75.Santolina florentina.Monarda didyma.Achillea tomentosa.Pelargonium tomentosum. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. celandine cicely 18.Urginea maritima. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Ajuga reptans.Digitalis purpurea.Vinca minor.Satureja montana. 'Prostratus'.Chelidonium majus.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Anethum graveolens. 68. mint 50. purple basil 9. 63.Satureja hortensis. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. spearmint 45. catnip 73.Armeria maritima. 76. 69. pineapple3.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. Thymus × citriodorus. red mint 48.Chrysanthemum 80. sweet 71. Sempervivum tectorum. 58.Mentha × piperita.Convallaria majalis.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. peppermint 47. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 1.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis.Monarda fistulosa.Digitalis grandiflora.Myrrhis odorata.Mentha × gentilis.Mentha pulegium. 31. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. thrift55. Ruta graveolens. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 34. French'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. fern-leaf tansy 23.Petroselinum crispum.Glechoma hederacea. woolly thyme 13. 32.The number in each planting area is the key number. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Origanum vulgare. lemon balm 44.Pelargonium crispum. 59. gray scented sage santolina 4. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. 52. 74. 78. white birch English lavender parthenium.Pelargonium quercifolium.Thymus herba-barona.Mentha suaveolens.Betula papyrifera. 67.Pulmonaria officinalis. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. apple mint 49. winter savory 20. blue 2. orange geranium 11. rose geranium 10. pot 66. rue 29.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus praecox subsp.Poterium sanguisorba.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. is used for the wall. the same as the smokehouse construction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. making it more a part of the herb garden. Because of the edging box. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. and the two small trees. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. < previous page page_42 next page > . Foundation stone. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the accents of the six large box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden.
A.L. Landscape Architect. .S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.
Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Satureja montana.Myrrhis odorata. balm citrata. Corsican 33. lovage 46. box 'Citriodorum'.Lilium candidum.Artemisia abrotanum.Ocimum basilicum 30.Mentha spicata. 31. 40. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Buxus sempervirens. Dictamnus albus. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. 39. rosemary 3.Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium odoratum.Mentha × piperita. Lavandula angustifolia. lemon 34. lady's. purple basil sativa.Prunus domestica.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Pelargonium graveolens.Angelica archangelica. white 23.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. species in variety crispum.Melissa officinalis.Fritillaria imperialis.Mentha requienii.Artemisia frigida.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Viola tricolor.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 'Purpurascens'. 47. dwarf edging box 14. lemon 36. 44. 27. chive comfrey curly mint 8. sweet 26.Crataegus laevigata. Asarum europaeum. Ocimum basilicum 24. sweet marjoram 2.Levisticum officinale.Mentha × piperita var. 41. Origanum majorana. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. orange mint 19. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. European ginger 4. Symphytum officinale. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Rosmarinus officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. Satureja hortensis. sweet cicely45.Ocimum basilicum 32.Crocus.38. pineapple mint 18.The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm 29. balsamita. English 'Minimum'. winter 42. fraxinella 17. 35.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Allium giganteum. 21. verbena English thyme 5. lemon basil 15. blue angelica lungwort 20.Tanacetum vulgare var. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Ocimum basilicum.Aloysia triphylla. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Allium schoenoprasum. summer 25.Pulmonaria officinalis. sweet 37. 1. 22.Chrysanthemum 28. fringed 43. spearmint 48.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.
Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. two specimen shrubs. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. < previous page page_44 next page > . the dwarf box edging. The dipping bowl. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. too. Instead. This is true also of the stone curbing. although it is ample at four feet. Lowgrowing. a soil retainer. pink of Dianthus. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. This hedge.
L.A. Landscape Architect.S. A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .
Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Crocus tomasinianus. American 38.Salvia sclarea. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. Thymus doerfleri.57. white 42.Heliotropium arborescens.Borago officinalis. Stachys byzantina.Mentha × piperita var.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. angustifolia 'Nana'. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Ocimum basilicum. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Compactus'.Thymus × citriodorus.Narcissus triandrus var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lilium candidum. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Allium christophii.Helleborus lividus subsp. 52.Galium odoratum.Sternbergia lutea.Angelica archangelica.Tulipa kaufmanniana. clary 32. 56.Satureja montana. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galanthus nivalis. 45. rue25. Origanum majorana.Teucrium canadense.Aloysia triphylla.Santolina virens. 17.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Crocus speciosus.Tulipa clusiana. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 50.Thymus herba-barona. prostrate rosemary 18.Leucojum aestivum.Pelargonium in variety. 40. winter savory 39.Digitalis grandiflora.Dicentra spectabilis.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. lamb's-ears 28.Cimicifuga racemosa. 36. Madonna 63. orange mint 8. lemon 33. gray 22. 20.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. marjoram crocus 7.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Crocus kotschyanus. 26. 54. 44. caraway thyme albus.Mentha spicata. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. lemon 60.Thymus praecox subsp. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. arcticus 30. sweet 27.Narcissus asturiensis. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . borage 31. spearmint 48. lily. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Mertensia virginica. 'Lanuginosus'. 49.Mentha × piperita. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Hamamelis virginiana.Helleborus niger.Anemone blanda.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Thymus praecox subsp. 61. golden thyme41. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Myrica pensylvanica.Nepeta mussinii. tulip citrata. 43. black cohosh windflower 15. sweet 55. Spanish bluebell 16.Crocus angustifolius. angel's-tears 59. sweet 47. 53. 2. catmint 35. Salvia officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. arcticus 34. verbena snowflake 19.Levisticum officinale. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. 51. 46. 58.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Convallaria majalis. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. green santolina 37. thyme 29.Pelargonium in variety. 1.
Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. First. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. very livable and profoundly satisfying. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Second. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Morning sun warms it early.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. The results have been most satisfying.
Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Beauty'. English thyme 43. Thymus × citriodorus. 25.S. leek 46.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia dracunculus var.Tulipa tarda. sweet basil 23. The number in each planting area is the key number. crocus 44. Origanum heracleoticum. French tarragon 5.Allium ampeloprasum. marigold 41.Artemisia lactiflora.Salvia officinalis. A. woolly thyme 3. wild celery 42. 'Lambrook Silver'.Crocus sieberi.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. Porrum Group. clary thyme 22. Landscape Architect. garden sage 4.Apium graveolens.Allium neapolitanum. 26. absinthe sativa. 1. lemon 21. tulip 45.Tagetes 'Lulu'. . Artemisia absinthium 24.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. Thymus praecox subsp. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.A. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Ocimum basilicum. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.
Aconitum napellus. butterfly 47. lovage 34.Dictamnus albus. sweet 37. 32.Origanum majorana.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. monkshood upright yew 17. Lavandula angustifolia.Cornus florida. blue 38. weed chive 48. 8. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . santolina 'Coronation Gold'. lobelia Sherbert'.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Stachys byzantina. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. 54. green 40. yellow 55. Viola odorata.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Allium schoenoprasum. lamb's-ears 52. fraxinella 36. 39. 58.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. white evergreen azalea 16.Artemisia camphorata.Santolina chamaecyparissus. alpine 28. catmint 53.Petroselinum crispum var.Santolina virens. red currant gray santolina 13. clematis 11. Robert verbena Brydon'. American elderberry 15.Lobelia siphilitica. dogwood 19.Aloysia triphylla.Asclepias tuberosa. pink 30.Malus hupehensis.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Hyssopus officinalis. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Digitalis grandiflora.foxglove 7.Galium mollugo. lemon 50. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Levisticum officinale.Ipomoea alba. curly parsley 20.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Clematis 'Mrs. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Achillea filipendula 60. 56.Dianthus × allwoodii.Nepeta × faassenii. 29. great 31. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Tropaeolum minus.Ilex opaca.Allium senescens var.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. pale 49. viola holly 18.Ribes sativum. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Rosmarinus officinalis. American marjoram Yellow'.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
Well-drained as they are. A birdbath of copper. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The four herb beds. even though the growing area is not extensive. an impression of Sol in it.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. are raised with bricks on edge. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. repeats again the octagonal form. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
gray 'Prince of Orange'. 16. rosemary 33.Joan E.Rosmarinus officinalis. bush basil 23.Pelargonium denticulatum. clary 21.Pelargonium crispum.Ruta graveolens. lamb's-ears 17. lavender 15. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. 27. dill 18. thyme salad burnet 40.Lavandula dentata. lemon 41. 19. Artemisia dracunculus var. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Santolina 25. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. English thyme horehound 2. lemon 30. clove pink 10.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. heliotrope 31. crispum.Heliotropium arborescens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. lavender pine geranium chive 13. spearmint southernwood 5. curly parsley 32.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus praecox subsp. Anethum graveolens. French tarragon 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.Nepeta mussinii. Stachys byzantina. French 26.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha × piperita. 42.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Salvia sclarea. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 43. catmint 6. sweet woodruff 9. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. angustifolia. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Mentha spicata.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. variegated garden sage 37. orange santolina geranium 11.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Marrubium vulgare. Semple. curly mint 3. Galium odoratum. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . purple variegated garden sage 36.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. peppermint 4. 29. golden variegated garden sage 38. white creeping thyme 12. sativa.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. prostrate rosemary 34. absinthe 20.Pelargonium tomentosum. silver mound artemisia 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 28. sweet basil 22.Pelargonium graveolens. Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus × citriodorus. rue 35. purple basil 24. Artemisia absinthium. lemon 39.Allium tuberosum.
flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. rose geranium. lemon verbena. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. too. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. < previous page page_52 next page > .< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. A birdbath may replace the pool. rose. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. a toolhouse. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. if neither is available. A suitable fence. and lantana are a few.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Chamaemelum nobile.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium frutetorum. gray santolina chamomile 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crispum. sweet santolina marjoram 6. zonal geranium 19.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. heliotrope 21. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . absinthe 'Minimum'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Thymus praecox subsp.A. geranium 16.Aloysia triphylla. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Chenopodium botrys.Heliotropium arborescens. green 12.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Santolina virens. fern-leaf tansy 8. Thymus praecox subsp. A.S.Origanum majorana. 9. white creeping thyme 2. 1.L. lemon 10. arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. 7.Artemisia absinthium 11. Landscape Architect. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. woolly thyme 15. verbena ambrosia 4. zonal geranium 18.Tanacetum vulgare var. bush basil 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. lavender 3. lemon thyme 20.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rosescented geranium 17. 13.
Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Hyssop hedges define the circles. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. a deep mauve to others. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. a sundial. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. but the design itself has endured forty years. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Angelica. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Box and holly enclose it all. apothecary's rose. mints. These can easily obliterate a design. The dwarf box frames the focal point. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. artemisias. the design is clearly traced. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. As the snows melt. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. box. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Symphytum officinale. wild 52. 55.Isatis tinctoria. lady's-mantle 46.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 26. Pelargonium in variety.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Rosmarinus officinalis. gray 37.Buxus sempervirens. apothecary's rose lavender 20. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . thrift 41. weld 54.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. dwarf edging box 21. white dead 49.Alchemilla alpina.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Vitis.Valeriana officinalis. rue 23. clove pink 29. florentina. alpine 60. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Syringa. bronze 64. 56. leaf geranium French lavender 8.47. arcticus 40.Sium sisarum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Iris × germanica var.Lamium album. 'Albus'. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.James D.Thymus praecox subsp. 67. dyer's woad 9. 48.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. white 66. Dianthus caryophyllus.Taxus. sweet 27.Origanum onites.Reseda luteola. southernwood 2.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Foeniculum vulgare.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Armeria maritima. Tropaeolum majus. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Sempervivum tectorum. orris 57.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Artemisia camphorata.Allium schoenoprasum. fern-leaf tansy 5.63. green santolina 24. white creeping thyme French'. rosemary 25. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 58.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Myrrhis odorata. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Helleborus niger. valerian 6. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. orris box 22.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Helleborus orientalis. chamomile 31. arcticus 38. perilla 51. Satureja montana. feverfew 14.Lilium candidum.Galium odoratum.Asarum europaeum.Artemisia absinthium. blue hyssop 42.Sedum telephium.Tanacetum vulgare var. lilac 70.Pyrus communis.Arisaema dracontium. sweet woodruff45.Hyssopus officinalis. arcticus 39. Canadian burnet 13. skirret 53. butterfly weed35.Perillafrutescens.Asclepias tuberosa.Stachys byzantina.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Monarda fistulosa. daffodil 17.Astrantia major. crimson creeping thyme 18. 59. 1.Lavandula angustifolia.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Paeonia officinalis. marjoram lungwort crispum. Graham. scented.Alchemilla vulgaris. 65. Santolina virens. blue 50. green. piney 44. absinthe 34. winter savory 32. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Pulmonaria officinalis. grape fennel 19. nasturtium 28. 62. yew Beauty'.30. pot bergamot marjoram 7. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. masterwort 69. germander 43.Melissa officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. lamb's-ears 33. Origanum majorana.Lavandula dentata.Santolina neapolitana 36.
but no panacea for the maintenance required. However. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. The large. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. pink. At the top of the steps. < previous page page_56 next page > . with buds of red. If there is room for only one rambler rose. They are small specialty beds. In addition to the brick edging around each. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. rising from the courtyard. include this one. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Rosa 'Albertine'. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden.
Angelica archangelica.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. foxglove 39. angelica 20.Melissa officinalis.Rheum rhabarbarum. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Borago officinalis. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 22.Satureja montana. lavender 4. subsp. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden sage 40.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. alpine strawberry 3. tansy Bois'. lemon balm 42. winter savory 41. Carum carvi.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Lavandula angustifolia. 23.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. bush basil 43. 1.Tanacetum vulgare. English thyme . caraway 24. rhubarb 2.
Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Chenopodium 55.R.R.Aloysia triphylla. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. centifolia var. pot 50. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. citrata. prostrate rosemary 16.Mentha × piperita var.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. silver 27. pineapple34. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Anethum graveolens 47.Allium schoenoprasum. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 45. 56.R. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. curly parsley 26. sweet 37. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Petroselinum crispum var. French'. rose 28. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Origanum majorana. Irish-lace 48.6. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . thyme frutescens.Chrysanthemum balsamita. musk rose 12. 31. centifolia 'Cristata'. blue hyssop 25.Lavandula dentata. Mexican tea 18.Pelargonium. 35. lemon 51. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R. salad 7. Pelargonium graveolens.'Albertine'. 49. clove pink Mammoth'.Chrysanthemum.Poterium sanguisorba. 29.Laurus nobilis. bourbon rose 10.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.R. French 33. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. 36.R.Chrysanthemum 46.R.Salvia elegans. centifolia. Hyssopus officinalis. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Dianthus Victoria'.Calendula officinalis.R.sativa. var. 54.'Baronne Prevost'. marguerite chive 9. muscosa 15.Tagetes filifolia.Satureja hortensis. geranium in 30.Artemisia dracunculus 44. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Consolida ambigua. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Marrubium vulgare. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. cheddar pink 53.
< previous page page_58 next page > .< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. too. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. as it should be. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Laid in an unusual pattern. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. It is near the house. Balance is augmented. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Hyssopus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.L. 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Origanum majorana. sweet basil 14. white creeping thyme 4.A.Heliotropium arborescens.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'. 16. chive lemon verbena 6.Aloysia triphylla. gray 15.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 17. Landscape Architect. heliotrope 3. double white peony 5.Allium schoenoprasum. 20. The number in each planting area is the key number.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. A.Salvia officinalis. 21.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Satureja hortensis. 23. angustifolia 'Munstead'. English thyme signet marigold 11.S. 24. rosemary yellow viola 10. santolina moss rose 7.Myosotis sylvatica.Lucile Teeter Kissack. blue hyssop 13.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box 8. lavender 2. English'. 1. dill 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Poterium sanguisorba. green 22. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Anethum graveolens.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.
and a comfortable. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Herbs. potted lemon verbena. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The grape vines. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and the grape arbor. the fence with roses. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. winter pruned. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. too. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. < previous page page_60 next page > . The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Teucrium chamaedrys. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Nepeta mussinii. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet climbing rose. conical yew rosemary 1. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Aloysia triphylla. BED II germander BED IV 2. Iris cristata. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Galium odoratum. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. 3. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Stachys byzantina. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Valeriana officinalis. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. three.Connecticut Vera Breed. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. lovage Myrrhis odorata. marsh climbing rose. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 4. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. lemon Linum perenne. Althaea officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana.
gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Delphinium × belladonna. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. lavender 10. lemon thyme 9. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Thymus. plume Baptisia australis. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. lemon Anemone hybrida. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. houseleek in variety 7. Chamaemelum nobile. fairy rose Giant'. Rosmarinus officinalis. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Sempervivum. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. tuberosa 6. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. catmint 5. creeping thyme in variety 8. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. beach Marrubium vulgare.
planted in bands across these beds. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Either it flourished too well. magnolia. Ivy. this was replaced with ''edging" box. if desired. tend to broaden the width of the garden. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Another angle could be tried with these. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. holly. myrtle. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Later. silver. and bright green in the herb beds. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Herbs. its detail is shown below. blue green. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. grew too large. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
Hedera helix. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. American holly 31. 'Minimum'.Buxus sempervirens 14.Pelargonium × nervosum.Thymus carnosus.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. lime geranium 4.Mentha spicata. dwarf edging box 11. myrtle 47. 1.Tanacetum vulgare. French 27. bay rosemary 12. Tropaeolum minus. white creeping thyme 41. bee balm30. English'.Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus doerfleri.Mentha suaveolens. 49.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. tansy 45. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. 28. 6. Ocimum basilicum 24. sweet 34.19. sweet woodruff 36.Monarda didyma. lovage 48.Satureja montana.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. purple garden sage 7.Teucrium chamaedrys.Laurus nobilis. winter 'Purpurascens'. 25. spearmint 42.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme chamomile 2. silver-king artemisia 23.Thymus herba-barona. bush basil albula.Melissa officinalis. dwarf 21.Origanum majorana. caraway thyme 40. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. borage 26. English ivy burnet 10. woolly thyme 8.Pelargonium graveolens. Ruta graveolens. lemon 29. purple basil savory 35.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Pelargonium fragrans. Borago officinalis.Thymus 'Argenteus'. Ocimum basilicum 22. French thyme 39. lemon 46. lamb's. salad 43. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. rue 20. ears rose geranium 3.Vinca minor.Galium odoratum.Ilex opaca.Magnolia grandiflora.Rosmarinus officinalis. 33. thyme 38. Stachys byzantina. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. arcticus 'Albus'. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Poterium sanguisorba. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. thyme 37.Levisticum officinale. box chamaecyparissus.Rumex scutatus.Myrica pensylvanica. gray santolina 15.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chamaemelum nobile. horehound germander 17.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 44.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Lavandula angustifolia. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . bayberry balm thyme 13.
It is a large garden. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. There is variety in the walks. maypoles.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. It is located for the best viewing. The four potted bay. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. adding to the space for walking. Laurus nobilis. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. brick. accent this prime focal point even more. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. too. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. < previous page page_64 next page > . standards. potted shrubs. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. too. The use of flagstone. and treessome of which are espaliered.
nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .quercifolium.P.acerifolium.Nigella damascena.Calendula officinalis.P.odoratissimum. musty oakscented geranium 5. Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. 26. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. winter 27. 49. wild 28.Chrysanthemum balsamita.P. love-in. pot 52. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.P.50.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.P. Johnny-jump. apple English thyme up geranium 3. fragrans. 51. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.53. Satureja montana. 25.Chenopodium botrys. 1. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. lemon 29.Viola tricolor.
P. blue hyssop 10.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus praecox subsp.P. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Viola odorata.Acorus calamus. bronze 38.Levisticum officinale. lemon geranium 56. crispum.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Myrtus communis.Monarda didyma. camphor-scented geranium 69. lettuce 40. lemon-rose geranium 22. arcticus43. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Pelargonium crispum. parsley 35. lemon 65. fern-leaf 60.Malus. strawberry 48. golden lemon thyme 7. fern-leaf 'Nana'. Chamaemelum nobile.Salvia caerulea.72.Laurus nobilis. bay 20. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . crowfoot 70. pine crispum.P.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. wild thyme 31. forsythia 'Albus'. graveolens. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.P. 41. box 19.Origanum majorana. lime geranium 55.Achilleafilipendula.Thymus serpyllum.6. 62. 44. orange geranium 23. rosemary 9.Aloysia triphylla.P.Forsythia.Fragaria vesca.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon geranium 33.Artemisia dracunculus var.Foeniculum vulgare. dill 36. lemon balm 45.Marrubium vulgare. chamomile 8. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. 61. radens. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.P. white sweet yarrow violet 13. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Anethum graveolens. Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm 63.P. denticulatum.P. Hyssopus officinalis.P.Poterium sanguisorba.P.Artemisia abrotanum. tomentosum. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Livingston'.P.Mentha. crispum 'Minor'. classic 21. rose geranium66. radens 'Dr.P. 57. 64. French tarragon Rose'. 58.P. sweet 37.Origanum dictamnus.Petroselinum crispum.Salvia officinalis. English lavender 32. cherry tomato chive 17.Allium schoenoprasum. glutinosum. peppermint 67. garden sage 54.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. lemon southernwood geranium 34. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. horehound 46.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. salad 42.Lavandula angustifolia. lettuce 39.Malus angustifolia.Mentha pulegium.Melissa officinalis. lemon 47. pheasant's. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Allium senescens var.Poncirus trifoliata. 71. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. sweet flag 16. denticulatum 11.× nervosum.
the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. and Allium karataviense. This is a large garden by any standard. < previous page page_66 next page > . The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. too. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. green santolina. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. In keeping with this feeling. The result is one of sculptured elegance.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Allium christophii. chive 4. wormwood fennel 2.Levisticum officinale.Florence B. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Liriope muscari. winter savory 9. Santolina virens.Artemisia frigida.Salvia officinalis. 15.Allium moly. Baker. fringed 7.Satureja montana. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Foeniculum vulgare. green santolina 14.Thymus × citriodorus. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . garden sage 18. 8. lemon 11.Allium sativa.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. dwarf garden 17. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. arcticus.Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia dracunculus var. big blue lilyturf 12. gray 10. Mentha suaveolens.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Hyssopus officinalis. French tarragon schoenoprasum. apple mint 13. blue hyssop 16.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. < previous page page_70 next page > . the square. and the front porch of the house. the circle. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. for the box after new spring growth.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the upper deck. Many herb gardens could provide this. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
lavender 5.Satureja montana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. dwarf myrtle 6. lemon 8.Chamaemelum nobile.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Cedrus deodara. 1.Cupressus sempervirens.The number in each planting area is the key number. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. Italian cypress 9. chamomile 2. winter savory 4. dwarf edging box 7.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. viola 3.
A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Roses. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Coin with Tudor rose design.. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. as it was with this plan. from Peter Coats. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Paths are gravel.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Mentha × piperita. lemon balm 31.Lavandula angustifolia. fennel 21.Viola odorata.Lactuca sativa. Madonna 23. English daisy 36.Fragaria vesca.Crithmum maritimum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. Chamaemelum nobile. parsley 29. salad burnet 10. classic myrtle 18. Eryngium maritimum. saffron lily crocus 12. oxlip 17. sweet marjoram 3.Lilium candidum.Aconitum napellus. 1.Carum carvi.Rosmarinus officinalis. rue 33.Poterium sanguisorba. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Satureja montana. chamomile 4. winter 32. Thymus serpyllum. Dianthus caryophyllus.Calendula officinalis.Anemone pulsatilla. blue hyssop 2. 25.Myrtus communis.Mentha spicata. spearmint 30. Origanum majorana. lettuce 28. wild thyme 5. rosemary 16. 19. clove20. earth 24.Primula elatior.Viola tricolor. pot marigold 15.Crocus sativus.Bellis perennis. absinthe peppermint 8.Buxus sempervirens.Ruta graveolens.Melissa officinalis.Iris pseudacorus.Fumaria officinalis.Primula vulgaris. English pasqueflower primrose 14. Hyssopus officinalis. yellow flag 26. 22. Malva sylvestris. Foeniculum vulgare. caraway 35.Petroselinum crispum. monkshood27. mallow 13. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . sweet violet 6. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. 34.The number in each planting area is the key number.
It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. most of the blooms are nightscented. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. spurred. but Always Love. Selected for this reason. along with a measure of fragrance. white blooms and woolly. its tufted. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn." Concrete blocks. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. white. plumed. However. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . silver mound.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs.
Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 1. Santolina chamaecyparissus. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. lamb's.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 17.Dictamnus albus. pink 15.Lilium candidum.Galanthus nivalis.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. silver 16.19. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Galium odoratum. white . white 32. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Stachys byzantina.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. horehound 2. petunia 30. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. 'Albus'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Marrubiam vulgare. sweet 31. silver mound artemisia 3.
feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. Artemisia lactiflora. 28. Yucca filamentosa.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. orris 8. tulip 37. rose 40. needle florentina. 23. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Lunaria annua. albula. sweet violet 20. white 27. 25. lavender 12.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Ipomoea alba. clary 24. moonflower 39. daffodil 35. dame's honesty rocket 14. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Iris × germanica var.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. Artemisia absinthium. Adam's.Polianthes tuberosa.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. white stock absinthe 10.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Artemisia ludoviciana. tulip 38.Hesperis matronalis.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. rose 41.Matthiola incana. white 22.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. Viola odorata.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.6. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .21. tuberose 36. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Rosa 'Cinderella'. western mugwort 7.Convallaria majalis.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia stellerana.Malus 'Guiding Star'. 26.
< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. < previous page page_76 next page > . and fragrances usually considered characteristic. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. required their use as an educational adjunct. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. Many of these herbs lack the hues. textures. related to an old mill reconstruction. Rather. too. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
henequen marigold bearberry 8. flax 21.Genista tinctoria.Hydrastis canadensis.. 43.Urtica dioica.Phytolacca americana.Rumex acetosa.Hypericum perforatum. 48. 39.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. sisal 27. ramie 24. Linum usitatissimum. 34. madder 54. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Isatis tinctoria.Sanguinaria canadensis.38. fuller's 30. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Rumex obtusifolius.Furcraea hexapetala. 35.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Tagetes erecta. Gossypium hirsutum. African 45. stinging nettle44.Ligustrum vulgare. privet marigold 15. woad Susan laevifolium.Carthamus tinctorius.Rubia tinctorum.Parmelia conspersa. bee 36.Indigofera tinctoria.Filipendula ulmaria. yellow 55.Cladrastis lutea. 47. lily. weld 57.Anthemis tinctoria. Agave sisalana. St. dyer's 31. 37.51. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Galium odoratum.Morus rubra or alba.Cytisus scoparius. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. 53. broad 42.Cotinus coggygria. sumac poke 17.Viburnum acerifolium. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Genista germanica. saffron crocus marguerite 3. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. alkanet 52. Musa textilis. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Crocus sativus. 29.Prunus persica.Berberis vulgaris.Monarda didyma. peach bracken sorrel 19.Pteridium aquilinum. goldthread 41. 28. sweet 49. 1.Agrimonia eupatoria. queen.Dipsacus sativus.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Solidago species.Reseda luteola. 23.Anchusa officinalis. 26. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Chelidonium majus. Agave fourcroydes.Mahonia aquifolium.Rudbeckia hirta. Hibiscus cannabinus.Allium cepa. Boehmeria nivea. 22. golden 40. dyer's broom safflower 6.Tagetes patula. Scotch broom hemp 7. Abutilon theophrasti. French 33. onion China jute 4.46.Convallaria majalis. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. blueberry 13.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Galium verum. black-eyed 50. 32. Manila 25.Rhus typhina. Sansevieria trifasciata. garden 56. 20.Coptis trifolia.Coreopsis tinctoria.
as well as the roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. < previous page page_78 next page > .< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. A totally appealing edging. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Elsewhere. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. a sundial surrounded by the dainty.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
18. rambler 20. cl. 1. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. cl. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Queen of the Prairies'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Seven Sisters'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Mme. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 23. 22. rambler 19. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'White Rose of York' 3. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Sombreuil'. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 24. Alfred de Rougemont'.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Belle Amour' 6. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Legras de St. cl. 'American Pillar'. cl. 25. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Marie Pavic' 8.
this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. Circles and angles provide interest. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. < previous page page_80 next page > . There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. sprouts celery 8.B. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . curly eggplant parsley 23. graveolens var. tuberosum.B. white-flowered kale 49. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. celery I 31.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. annuum 'Variegata'. garlic chive 44.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. C. celery Bed 9.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. annuum 'Pinocchio'. 27. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. C.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. pear Purple Vienna'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. melongena 1. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.sativa 'Ruby'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.B. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. C. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. cherry tomato 34. scorodoprasum. 22. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. oleracea 'Prima'.B. Capsicum annuum var. annuum 'Fips'.A.A.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. 26. annuum 'Teno'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. lycopersicum var. graveolens var. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. annuum 'Nosegay'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. annuum 'Mosaic'. 30. annuum 'Black Prince'.Cichorium intybus.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. red 38.C. graveolens 'French Dinant'.C. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.A.annuum 'Floral Gem'.B.B. shallot Lakes'. schoenoprasum. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. Boerner. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. leek 5. graveolens var. 24.B. 29.L. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. C. C. 32. melongena 2.A.C. cepa Proliferum Group. crispum 'Banquet'.C.A. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.Apium graveolens var.A.A.B. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.L. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. 48. giant garlic var. chive 42. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. kohlrabi Rock'. annuum 'Golden Bell'. red 37. C.A.S. oleracea 'Green Parade'. celery Group. annuum 'Red Boy'.C.A. dulce 47.B.C. dulce 'Utah 5270'.Solanum melongena var. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. oleracea 'Red Acre'. 45. eggplant 43. 25. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. Beauty'.S. 39. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.B. 40. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. Petroselinum crispum var. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.B. C.esculentum 'Long Black'. ruby swiss chard var. 28. red-flowered kale 6. dulce 50.
All of the circles. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. winter savory.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. When viewed from the terrace above. for each is a complete entity. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. and golden thyme. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. arcs. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
Assoc. tomentosum.Melissa R. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Landscape Architect.× nervosum.P.P.P. The number in each planting area is the key number. crispum 'French Lace. oak-leaved geranium 16. Teucrium chamaedrys.L.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. scabrum. × nervosum 'Torento'. × domesticum 6. Marshall. 17. 29. rose geranium 27. 15.Ilex glabra.A. winter 13. P. Livingston'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. acerifolium. graveolens.P. 12.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. germander crowfoot geranium 21. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.P. A. lime geranium Rose'. crispum. Satureja montana. apple gray santolina geranium 3. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P.P. lemon geranium 22. P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. apricot geranium28. radens 'Dr.P.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. P.P. 1.P. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. inkberry geranium 9. orange geranium 8.P. 19..P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. green 14. peppermint 26. odoratissimum.' lemon geranium 23.P. gooseberry geranium 24.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. maple-leaved 18.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. grossularioides. golden 11. Santolina virens.S.Myrica pensylvanica. pungent-scented geranium 25. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. rose-scented geranium 4.
on page 37. 1.Lavandula angustifolia. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. sand. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed.Hyssopus officinalis. or marble chips. Its interspaces can be mulched. Maintenance is high for a knot. To ease the care for a more complicated design. English lavender 2. which is framed with a brick edging.Santolina virens. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. blue hyssop 3. especially when it is blooming. filled with plants that have contrasting color. For ease of maintenance this same knot design.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. For the knot to look its best at all times. was planted using edging box only. closed knot design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. texture. . One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. such as a dwarf edging box. and growth to the plants of the knot design. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive.
arcticus 'Coccineus'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. green santolina 2.Santolina virens. 1. dwarf edging box 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.
S. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. herba-barona.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. which is found more often out in the open. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. arcticus 'Albus'. 1. rosemary creeping thyme 2. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. Rosmarinus officinalis. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. white 7. variegated garden sage . The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Teucrium chamaedrys. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. 'Munstead'. Some maintenance is required for clipping. lavender Japanese barberry 5. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.Thymus praecox subsp. In another departure from the usual. praecox subsp. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. which are confined to that area. caraway thyme 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'.officinalis 'Tricolor'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.T.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. creeping thymes. The knot material is maintained at six inches. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. fig 4. the height of the edging. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. 8. purple variegated 11.T. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
lavender .Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Teucrium canadense. American germander 3. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 2.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. germander .< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.
2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
pleasing color. < previous page page_88 next page > . The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a complement for the colors of the plant material. which are also laid on edge. again laid on edge. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. adding another facet to an appealing design. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. each one a quarter-circle. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver thyme 6. 18.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Anthemis marschalliana. tree artemisia 26. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. silver horehound 19.Helichrysum angustifolium.Allium senescens var. French lavender 3. glaucum 11. 17. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Santolina neapolitana 10.Teucrium fruticans.Salvia argentea.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Salvia clevelandii. samphire14. lavender 9. silver sage 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender 5. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. angustifolia 'Rosea'. dwarf gray santolina 20. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula dentata var. blue sage 13.Crithmum maritimum.Anthemis tinctoria. 1. tree germander 22.The number in each planting area is the key number. 16. candicans. golden marguerite 25.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. rue 21.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia frigida.Marrubium incanum.Perovskia atriplicifolia. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Artemisia arborescens. lavender 8.Stachys byzantina. woolly yarrow 23. dwarf 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. curry plant 7. Russian sage 24.Leontopodium alpinum.
If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. basil. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. thyme. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Styles of containers. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. If one is familiar with herbs.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. which include hanging baskets. sweet marjoram. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. The color of the container plays a lesser role. and the savories. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. lady's-mantle. are without number. Some are rosemary. As with other plant material. oregano. < previous page page_90 next page > . a number of which are listed in the bibliography.
providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.
Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
Of course supervision is necessary. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. such an outlay would be unwarranted. If children's interest is not sustained. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. A.L. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. < previous page page_95 next page > . Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.S.A. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. However. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. LandscapeArchitect. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.
It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. Children in this age group can help with the construction. they are easily handpicked. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio." selected for their greater fragrance. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Instead of benches on the patio. too. < previous page page_96 next page > . A sundial can be fun and also educational. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. These are ''old roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.
Landscape Architect.S. A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L.A. .
French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . pot marigold 8. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. ambrosia 2.Anethum graveolens. southernwood 5.Isatis tinctoria. crispum. glaucum 31. horehound 26. English lavender 7. lily leek 30.Nepeta cataria. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia sclarea.Hedeoma pulegioides. catnip 27.Allium sativum var. dill pennyroyal 11.Rosa damascena. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. garden sage 24.Allium moly. Petroselinum crispum var.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Allium tuberosum. Levisticum officinale. neapolitanum.Rosa gallica. alpine strawberry 3.Calendula officinalis. American 21.Satureja hortensis. clary 25.The number in each planting area is the key number. 20. dyer's bush basil woad 9. English lavender 4. 16.Marrubium vulgare. garlic chive 29. love-in-a-mist 14. lovage 12.rocambole 28.Petroselinum crispum var. ophioscorodon. Dianthus plumarius.Origanum majorana.Artemisia camphorata. dwarf 6. 19. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Lavandula angustifolia. 1. Nigella damascena. summer savory 22. 13. borage 15.Tropaeolum minus. damask rose 32. Italian parsley 23.Allium senescens var. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. cottage pink 18. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. Borago officinalis.Chenopodium botrys.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia officinalis.
from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. previously used as a skating rink. < previous page page_98 next page > . for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. not noted on the plan. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The oval. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. are a seal and a turtle. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The sculptures. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. All are inviting to the touch.
A. Landscape Architect. .R. F.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.
garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. mint Galium odoratum. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. mint Tagetes. bee balm Satureja montana. coltsfoot Mimulus. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. chive dandelion Allium sativum. borage Tanacetum vulgare. marigold Salvia officinalis. fleabane Stellaria. Greek Stachys byzantina. tansy Monarda didyma. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. duckweed Antennaria. lousewort Viola canina. Allium schoenoprasum.Hedeoma pulegioides. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. cowslip Linaria. Trifolium pratense. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. dog violet Lemna. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. fat-hen Primula veris. English Tussilago farfara. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. Nepeta cataria. bee orchid Erigeron. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. chamomile Mentha. winter savory Mentha. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis.
Here. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. < previous page page_101 next page > . A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. Instead. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. and old barn beams another about the same height. its wooden structure long gone.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. for an old barn foundation of stone. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Still. Its plant list. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. feverfew. developed particularly for study. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. a mint. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. are superb for displaying potted herbs. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. an exceedingly long one. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Their height eases the task of weeding. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. it is a most satisfying growing situation. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A number of wooden window frames.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
Rosmarinus officinalis. alpine savory 89.Hyssopus officinalis. angelica lemon geranium 5. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. praecox subsp. catmint 63. graveolens.Euphorbia cyparissias. × citriodorus.P. Roman 46. rue 83.A. odorous thyme 104.A. majorana.Lavandula angustifolia. skirret 90. 1. 64. plantain 80.Aloysia triphylla.T.T. pot marigold 25. yarrow herb Robert 4.Stachys grandifora 93. thyme 102. praecox subsp. rampion 81.Pulmonaria officinalis.Lychnis coronaria. lemon thyme 100. pink 58.O. betony 92. 48. 50. lemon verbena 106. odoratissimum. winter savory 88.Monarda didyma.Alchemilla vulgaris.Hypericum perforatum. golden marjoram 26. camphorata. onites. didyma 'Rosea'.Achillea millefolium. sweet cicely 94.O. crispum. St.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Digitalis purpurea. herba-barona.Tanacetum vulgare var.Calamintha grandiflora.O.Galium odoratum. white creeping thyme 97. apple wormwood geranium 8. Grecian 59. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. 54. foxglove cypress spurge 21. sweet 53.Nepeta mussinii.Chelidonium majus. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 'Purpurascens'. rosemary 82. lesser 67. 44. viper's 65.Veronica serpyllifolia. bee balm57. rose costmary campion 23. camphor.Ranunculus ficaria. creeping veronica .Thymus praecox subsp. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Marrubium vulgare. sweet violet 40. crimson creeping thyme 96. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. 61.T. absinthe 51.A. silver thyme 105. beach 47.Melissa officinalis.A. sweet celandine marjoram 28. nitidus. 62. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. pontica. rose sativa.Satureja montana.S. tomentosum. caraway thyme 103.Viola tricolor. woolly thyme 101. golden lemon thyme 99.T. absinthium. marsh mallow 13. wormwood germander 9. lemon 52. abrotanum. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Poterium sanguisorba. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Ruta graveolens.P.Angelica archangelica. bee balm lovage 20.A.Asarum canadense.Salvia officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 95.Althaea officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Sempervivum tectorum.P.Genista tinctoria. foxglove 2.O. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. golden thyme 98.Calendula officinalis. 'Clear Gold'. 43.-John'swort 91. stellerana. basil blue hyssop 15.T. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. officinalis 'Aurea'.Ocimum basilicum. pallasianus. richardii subsp.Digitalis lanata.Valeriana officinalis. golden variegated garden sage 86.Physalis heterophylla. purple variegated garden sage 85. purple basil English lavender 18. French tarragon geranium 7. wild lemon basil ginger 16. 55.Rubia tinctorum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Echium vulgare. variegated garden sage 87.Viola odorata. arcticus 'Albus'.Geranium robertianum.Campanula rapunculus. balm horehound 14. sweet 41. garden sage 84.Plantago major.Campanula persicifolia.Agastache foeniculum. basilicum 56. celandine madder 79. 45. southernwood houseleek 12. 42.Myrrhis odorata.M.T. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Sium sisarum.A. 66.S. southernwood ground cherry 10.T.O.Agastache cana.Pelargonium crispum.49. 60.T. mosquito plant 19. basilicum 'Minimum'.Acinos alpinus.S.Artemisia dracunculus var. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. dyer's woodruff broom 3. calamint valerian 24.Stachys officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita.T 'Argenteus'.
× gentilis. feverfew cinerariifolium.Chrysanthemum 78. ostrowskianum 34. 114. veronica 108. pin cherry 39. Proliferum Group.Atriplex hortensis. chamomile 30. 76.M. citrata.Primula veris. dyer's woad 110. red mint comfrey 33. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Helichrysum angustifolium. curry plant mullein 35.V.M. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Prunus pensylvanica. × piperita var. tree onion 112. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. spicata. garlic 111.A.Lilium candidum. 71. chicory 70. orach115.Anthriscus cerefolium. apple mint 69. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Chrysanthemum 74. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Isatis tinctoria. orange mint 32. moth 113.Myrtus communis. wild 116.M.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Allium sativum.Cichorium intybus.Lysimachia vulgaris. chervil 68.Dianthus plumarius 75. blattaria.Mentha suaveolens. oxeye daisy mullein 36.M. spearmint 107. pineapple mint 31.cepa.Chamaemelum nobile.Symphytum officinale.Oenothera biennis. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Veronica officinalis. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. 73.Origanum dictamnus. cowslip 72.29.Laurus nobilis. evening 77. yucca 109.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Origanum vulgare.A.Yucca filamentosa.Verbascum thapsus.
A wheelshaped bed. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. of good proportion for the size of the opening. A statue of St. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. its outline constructed of brick. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. < previous page page_104 next page > . Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. Francis. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. not just hiding it. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. but not obvious. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
Eleocharis dulcis. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA IV Ixia maculata. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. Vetiveria zizanioides. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA VI japonica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. poet's Solidago californica. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. only those not found on other lists are noted here. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. potato Brassica eruca. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. menthifolia. Cestrum nocturnum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. labdanum Cistus crispus. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. lion's-ear prismaticum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Eriobotrya japonica. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. loquat Cichorium intybus. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Sidney Ephedra viridis. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. white Justicia carnea. cat Watsonia rosea.
is a center of interest. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. and a third a culinary garden. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. scented-leaf geraniums. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. to name a few. The exterior brick path. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. an "old rose" and fragrant. not only for hardiness where needed. another a Mary garden. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. emphasizes the circle. One is a garden of legends. but also for proper leaf size. < previous page page_106 next page > . Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. or potpourri. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Crocus sativus. flax 17. Hyssopus officinalis. hyssop rose 9.The number in each planting area is the key number.20. chamomile 3.Galium verum. 27.Origanum majorana. saffron crocus marigold 7.19.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. Artemisia absinthium. costmary 6. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Anethum graveolens.Calendula officinalis.Lamium album. English ivy rosemary 8.Allium schoenoprasum. yellow 25. absinthe 4. Viola tricolor.Ornithogalum umbellatum. dill 11. lady's.Mentha spicata.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet marjoram basil 12. Linum usitatissimum. chive bedstraw 16. rue 28. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Ocimum basilicum. white dead 24. black 23. garden up sage 10. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Chamaemelum nobile. angelica 2. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. English thyme 13. pyrethrum 5. Johnny-jump. Angelica archangelica.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Brassica nigra. sweet 21.Salvia officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Narcissus mustard 14. spearmint 22. blue 18.Hedera helix.Ruta graveolens.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. pot 26.
< previous page page_108 next page > . and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.
pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. Russian 'Prostratus'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. perennial flax Galium odoratum. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. rue Malva alcea var. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. Myrrhis odorata. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon balm Mentha spicata.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. bay Echeveria × imbricata. beach Monarda didyma. thyme Cnicus benedictus. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. Cotinus coggygria. spearmint Mentha × piperita. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Artemisia absinthium. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. blue Lamium maculatum. fastigiata. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. clove Marrubium vulgare. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. sweet Myrtus communis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica.
< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. features a closed knot of superior design. simply on a smaller scale. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. This is a general rule observed. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. and huge. too. Viewed from the terrace garden. millstones. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. The generous use of edgings. Appropriately used as accents. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. < previous page page_110 next page > . old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year.
and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Tiny Rubies'. six feet in diameter. Landscape Architect.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. that of good proportion. dwarf box . This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Teucrium chamaedrys. cheddar pink 4. Routine clipping is required. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.Hyssopus officinalis. angustifolia 'Munstead'. A. gray santolina 7. green santolina 6.A.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. of greater size than is commonly found. The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender 5.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. germander 2. Design plan of herb garden 1. and the mulch.Santolina virens. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.L. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. blue hyssop 3.
European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. japonica. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . quince Magnolia virginiana. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. black haw Prunus americana. plum Prunus maritima. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. dogwood Pinus nigra. shadbush Salix caprea. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. beach plum Corylus avellana. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. honey locust Cornus florida. box Myrica pensylvanica. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. goat willow Sassafras albidum. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. box Calycanthus fioridus. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.
and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. herba-barona. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. praecox subsp. praecox subsp. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. arcticus 'Rosea' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. Rosmarinus. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. and a miscellany of others. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. silver thyme T. Salvia. arcticus T. 'Doone Valley' . caraway thyme T. 'Annie Hall' T. leucotrichus T. Currently. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. However. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. its plant material varied. doerfleri T. As a rule. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. Lavandula. 'Argenteus'.
sweet lavender L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia subsp. angustissimus. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. dentata. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. heterophylla. crimson creeping thyme T. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia subsp. involucrata. officinalis 'Aurea'. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. blue sage S. praecox subsp. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. officinalis 'Purpurea'. guaranitica. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. leucantha. angustifolia subsp. golden rosemary R. praecox subsp. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia subsp. anise sage S. ramie . officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. English lavender L.T. purple variegated garden sage S. golden thyme T. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia. golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. pine-scented rosemary R. 'Clear Gold'. autumn sage S. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. woolly thyme T. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. greggii. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. arcticus 'Coccineus'.
sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
The apple trees. The house. L. a well beside the house. used in salads or boiled. Smith. horsetail. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Physostegia virginiana. Herniaria glabra. Prunella vulgaris. which were located between the water supply. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Equisetum arvense. to sweeten the air. family needsmedicinal. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Primarily. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. obedient plant. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Hesperis matronalis. balmony. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. constructed of brick made on the property. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Cheloneglabra. Sium sisarum. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . for scrubbing pots. to lure bees. culinary. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Circumstances determined these priorities. rupturewort. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. selected for their authenticity in this restoration.
These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. while functional. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. too. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Today. < previous page page_116 next page > . Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. too. for a few are in use now. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Punica granatum. trumpet 11.Laurus nobilis. 1. 15.Rosmarinus officinalis. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Malus angustifolia.Prunus angustifolia. wisteria 13. pomegranate 3. bay 7.Rosa banksiae.Sambucus canadensis. Gardenia jasminoides. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . 16. Banksia rose 14.Syringa × persica var. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. southern laciniata.Allium sativum.Ficus carica. garlic 9. yellow 12. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lagerstroemia indica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Lonicera sempervirens.Pinus taeda. rosemary 2.Wisteria frutescens.Lonicera flava. fig 6. Cape jasmine 10.
the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The effect would be quite different without them. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Italy. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. Appropriately. < previous page page_118 next page > . The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. too. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Achillea millefolium. peppermint 52. 50.Paeonia officinalis.Chamaemelum nobile.Crocus sativus.Acorus calamus.Rosmarinus officinalis. 70. spearmint 62. 30.Artemisia dracunculus var.Borago officinalis. clove 36.Pulmonaria officinalis.Armoracia rusticana.Buxus sempervirens. 43. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Foeniculum vulgare. tansy 65. balm autumn crocus 2. 61.Hamamelis virginiana. great 47.Melissa officinalis. sweet 64. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Asclepias tuberosa.Hypericum perforatum.Eupatorium perfoliatum. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. garden sage 59.Ruta graveolens. horsemint lobelia 23. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Levisticum officinale.Cornus florida. pot 48.Galium odoratum. rue 56.Hyssopus officinalis.57.Lavandula angustifolia. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. dogwood horehound 18. 68. 33. 55. blue 46. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Vinca minor.Anethum graveolens.Ocimum basilicum. sweet shrub 10. senna woodruff 15. sweet flag marigold 24.Nepeta cataria. 60. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Elizabeth Lawrence.Teucrium chamaedrys.Pinckneya pubens.Populus balsamifera.Chimaphila umbellata. lemon 26.Dianthus caryophyllus. dill 39.Calycanthus fioridus. saffron crocus 25. wild ginger69. hyssop sassafras 20.Dipsacus sativus.Ilex vomitoria. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Cassia marilandica. bee balm 28.Digitalis purpurea.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. 38. borage 31.Allium schoenoprasum.Asarum virginicum.Laurus nobilis.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Mentha spicata. 63. 37. 66. 1.Tanacetum vulgare.Mentha × piperita. 54. foxglove 41.Salvia officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lobelia siphilitica. fuller's teasel 67.Rosa laevigata. lovage 35.Verbascum thapsus. mullein 49. fennel 40.Symphytum officinale.Lilium candidum. catnip 34.Marrubium vulgare. 42. yellow-root 7. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Monarda punctata. sativa. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Monarda didyma.Rubus allegheniensis. basil chive 3.Sassafras albidum.Agrimonia eupatoria. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Lonicera sempervirens.Colchicum autumnale. American holly 16.Ilex opaca.Cimicifuga racemosa. box chamomile 9.Punica granatum.Artemisia abrotanum. 45. butterfly 32. agrimony 58. yaupon pink southernwood 12. sweet 27. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. blue 44. yarrow lungwort 22.Gaultheria procumbens. myrtle 53. St.Calendula officinalis.Mentha pulegium.Lindera benzoin. peony 51. black 29.
Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This is true for the remedies. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. In any event. < previous page page_120 next page > . The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. and fragrances they developed. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. preventives. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. 1 T. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners.
blue hyssop 21.Hyssopus officinalis. quince 24.Mentha × piperita.Papaver somniferum. black haw 23. sweet marjoram 6. garden sage 8.Cydonia oblonga. pot marigold 2. caraway 19. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. Calendula officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. lavender lovage 3.Nepeta cataria.Origanum majorana. English 10. 14. tansy 11. foxglove 12. peppermint 18. English thyme rosemary 7. 1.Salvia officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. horsemint 20.Rosmarinus officinalis. absinthe 9.Marrubium vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. opium poppy 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 17.Pyrus communis.Viburnum prunifolium.Carum carvi.Monarda punctata.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. apothecary's rose 22. sweet basil 13.Digitalis purpurea.Mentha spicata. winter savory 4.Artemisia absinthium. catnip 16.Satureja montana.Levisticum officinale. horehound 15.
for example the large square bed with circular path. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. to study it. and if the best has not always survived. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. makes it something of a focal point. the other 1761. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. often it is reconstructed. Shaded by hop vines. from early Moravian settlements. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. The main paths of brick unify the garden. centrally located. Thus it was for this garden. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and bricks raise the beds. one dated 1759. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. Some could be used singly. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Allowed such freedom of expression. < previous page page_122 next page > . The beds are used to achieve balance.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design.
A. A. .S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Campbell.L. Landscape Architect.
dwarf nasturtium 13.Stachys officinalis. corn poppy 79.Levisticum officinale. blue 63. 81.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 52.Hyssopus officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender rose 21. feverfew southern magnolia 27. autumn crocus 34. basil moss rose 44.Mentha × piperita. 62.Achillea millefolium. horehound 56.Allium schoenoprasum. hop southernwood 39. poet's narcissus 61. 66.Silybum marianum.Rosa eglanteria. marsh mallow 7.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Carum carvi.Borago officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Aquilegia vulgaris.Bellis perennis.Matthiola incana. sweet 71.Alcea rosea.Artemisia absinthium.Marrubium vulgare. 80. comfrey 33.Narcissus tazetta.Lilium candidum. Carolina jessamine 38. hollyhock 51. asparagus 31. rhubarb 10. 1.Magnolia grandiflora.Armoracia rusticana.Humulus lupulus.Nepeta cataria.Allium sativum. mugwort67.Artemisia abrotanum. English thyme 2. columbine 29. yarrow 4. 74.Crocus sativus.Artemisia vulgaris. love. hyssop maypop 42. balm chive 37. garden sage 15.Gelsemium sempervirens.Rosmarinus officinalis. daisy crape myrtle 23.Clematis virginiana. cockscomb 47. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Asparagus officinalis. 48. spearmint 57.Passiflora incarnata. clove 53.Vitis.Papaver rhoeas. sweet 55.Rosa gallica.77.Rosa damascena. Madonna lily 59.Dianthus caryophyllus. French rose 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. virgin's bower 40. betony 82. orach 76.Inula helenium. English 78.Pulmonaria officinalis.Ficus. borage 5. holy thistle 58.Anethum graveolens. garden nasturtium 12.Tropaeolum majus. eglantine Group. cabbage angustifolia.Hydrangea quercifolia. 68. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. madder 16. lemon 64. parsley 32. blessed thistle 8.Origanum majorana.Salvia sclarea. 54. sorrel 65. lovage 9.Althaea officinalis.Saponaria officinalis. catnip 70.Salvia viridis. blue 69. annual clary 3. chamomile 17. chestnut rose 43.Melissa officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. garlic lungwort 36. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. absinthe 45.Salvia officinalis.Consolida ambigua.Tanacetum vulgare.Atriplex hortensis.Rosa roxburghii. rosemary49. red pepper 20.Symphytum officinale.Narcissus poeticus. damask coriander rose 19.Mentha spicata. stock 50.Nigella sativa.Celosia cristata. fennel marjoram 28. polyanthus narcissus 60.Tropaeolum minus.Ruta graveolens.Cnicus benedictus.Rosa moschata.Chamaemelum nobile.Lagerstroemia indica.Petroselinum crispum.Coriandrum sativum.Amaranthus caudatus. dill 73. clary 30.Cercis canadensis. rue 14. black cumin 46.Rumex acetosa.Cornusflorida. tansy 6. elecampane 11.Chrysanthemum parthenium. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Ocimum basilicum.Rosa centifolia.Rubia tinctorum.Colchicum autumnale. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . grape larkspur 41. redbud 24. caraway 72.Rheum rhabarbarum.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. First. The lesser the scale. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Usually this is least desirable. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. and the north point is established. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. it is proper to make a trial run. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. A ravine and existing.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. The next most desirable exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. This space was never adequate. the western. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Thus. Although some observations may seem obvious. Calluna (heather). The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. even boggy. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). far from the house. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property.
The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. but it need not be identical.ground where drainage is better. Culinary herbs will fill a large. 127 indicates. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Then. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The. certainly not precisely the same. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. It was a pleasurable assignment. The new herb garden has been located. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. 77 provided the needed inspiration. another is close to the rear of the house. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Indeed. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. as the drawing on p. single bed. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. There is the housegarage structure on one side. and the property line on the last. The general outline is similar. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The outline is fixed. and the search did not take long. all four sides are so determined. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. a driveway on still another. < previous page page_126 next page > . the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs.
something is amiss. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. then north. With the plan established. as in this case. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. Two drawings were required to work out problems. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. this low wall will enclose the garden area. There was no . it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. In addition. If. forming the outer boundary of the service path. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. In fact. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. If all is well. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
eight. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. admittedly. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. a lapped joint was fashioned.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. A structural edging was in order. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. the eight-foot length was more practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. At corners. this was. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. and the finished edging would be effective. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. however. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. However. not one completed in a weekend. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. However. . In this case. In the earlier stage of planning. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. the site required some leveling. In this area. Before edgings could be put in place. The old turn-around stone made it necessary.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
Unfortunately. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. This method of treatment now guarantees . but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. could serve this purpose. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Weeds. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Aged compost. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. this same base underlies all the paths. but there are exits to different levels. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Paving for the terraced area is brick. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. One is the ramp to the driveway. had been proof of that. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. A choice of five colors was available. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. for they will likely have more traffic. leaves. sand. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. filling the beds with soil was next. Heavy black plastic. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. selected for its simplicity. The latter need to be more substantially paved. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. The pattern is running bond. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base.
A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. even bed for the pavers. worth the added cost. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . However. on a trial run of one course of brick. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years.
since that path borders the house. for it would interfere with the drainage system. Sometimes called "rubble drains. learned about decades earlier. converging where it was logical to do so. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. and the steps to other levels. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. With the completion of the paths.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone." their construction can be somewhat varied. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. French drains. Herbs have flourished in the beds. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. the terraced area. In this instance. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. .
< previous page page_130 next page > .
having a variety of gradations. and so on. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. is symmetrical. in tenths of an inch. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. and so on. sixteenths of an inch. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. E EllipseAn oval. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. often a wall or trellis. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. for example. twelfths of an inch. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. not necessarily referable to botanical species. casts the shadow for the hour. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . hundredths of an inch. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. albula. for example.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. a garden plan. in inches. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Its arrow points north and.
a patterned garden. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. ForthrightA straight course or path.3). GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. Pea gravelSmall. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. G GazeboA freestanding. also called rubble drain. or colored earths. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. loose. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. roofed structure usually open on the sides. Usually a few inches thick. a flat. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms.brick) in the same course. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. heated especially by fermenting manure. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. turf. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. M ManufactoryA factory. GrindstoneMillstone. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. rounded fragments of rock. its compartments filled with flowers.3. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. H Heart-pinePinus palustris.
an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > .
S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. snug fit for walks. R Rose. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. often planted with aromatic herbs. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. walls. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. W Wall. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. ranking between species and variety. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. not treelike or with a single trunk. TreillageLatticework for vines. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. V VarietyA category below species. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Stone. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. called also a hose cock. < previous page page_132 next page > . or steps. cutting.
1976. Roses. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Crowe. 1971. The Cultivated Basils. New York: Viking Press. 14701670. Daniel J. Dutton & Co. Baumgardt. New York: Macmillan. Terrace. Bailey Hortorium. Room Outside. 1944. 1982. 1951. Hortus Third. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Aurora. 1971. Park Seed Co. Bailey. Staff of. Coats. . Herbs and the Earth. New York: Hawthorne Books. 1979. Robert Lee. Cross. Flannery. T. 1958. New York: E.. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1980. Henry. The Herb Garden. Greenwood. London: Adam and Charles Black. Independence. New York: G. New York. Harriet Ballard. Liberty Hyde. 1933. Gertrude B. 1902. Hanging Plants for Home. Park's Success with Herbs. London. 1962.. 1951. Herbsfor Every Garden. 1938. New York: Dover. and Louden. Putnam's Sons. Complements. Clarkson. L. 1972. Foster. Behme.: Buckeye Printing Co. Book of the Geranium. 1942. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Bardswell. New York: Macmillan.. H. .. Frances A. London: Marshall Cavendish. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Prof. New York: Crown Publishers. Julia S. The Small Garden. 1970.: Geo. Edlin. New York: Macmillan. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. . Mo. Carpenter. Helen H. Alice Morse. London: Saturn Press. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. S. Sydney: B. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Seal. ed. British Plants. Berrall. Foley. New York: Macmillan. 1966. 1935. W. 1973. Sevenoaks. P. New York: Viking Press. 1911. 1980. Fox. Agnes. 1977.C. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 1961.. Garden City: Doubleday. New York: Simon and Schuster. Herbals. Gertrude B. Helen Morgenthau. and Garden. 1957.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. John E. Jot. 1972. P. L. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Peter. London: Macmillan. How Plants Get Their Names. 1963. 1966. Margaret E. H. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Rosetta E. Batsford. Green Enchantment. and Accessories. Kent: The Herb Farm. Earle. Toronto. Brookes. John. Garden Design. John Philip. Erichsen-Brown. Foster. Beston. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Doran & Co. Darrah. Brownlow. London: Country Life. Rosemary F. Charlotte. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Sylvia.
Philippa. 1946. Co. Ann. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Helen K. 1979. Grieve. Ireys. Krauss. Vegetable Dyeing.. 1974. < previous page page_133 next page > . Johnson. Harold N. Frederic. George H. Eigel. 1978.. 2d ed. Patrick M. Simmons. Roy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.: Livingston Pub. Amy Bess. Robert. Walter. Wynnewood. Howard. Alice Recknagel. New York: Macmillan. Lathrop. Grow and Enjoy. chemist. A. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Mary U. Pozza. and Brunello. New York: Van Nostrand. Mrs. 1951. Frances.C. and Synge.: Herald Publishing Co. Boston. 1975. How to Select. A Biblical Garden. London: Faber and Faber. 1982. 1975. Flowers of the Field. New York: Harper & Bros. Loyal R. Plants of the Bible. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Sylva. Early American Gardens. Books. New York: William Morrow and Co. Lawrence. 1911. Dutton & Co. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Paul B. Alma. Boston. Jr. Edited by Clarence Elliott. P. Loewenfeld. Pa. Division Billboard Publications. Potter. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. 1976. New York: William Morrow & Co. N. New York: Viking Press. The Art of Dyeing. Hay. Muenscher. and Back. Rev. M. New York: De La Mare.. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1966. The Berry Book.. 1974. 1961. Bernard Hickey. New York: E.: Chronica Botanica Co. Kiaer. Jones.. Brown & Co. 1971.. A Garden of Herbs. 1973. Elizabeth.. 1983. Miller. McFarland. Moldenke. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Adelma G. Lawrence. Hamel. The Herb Garden. Modern Herbal. Carol. Cherokee Plants. 1969. 1981. Herbs. 1972. Toronto: Little. Waltham. Leighton. Johns. Eleanour Sinclair. Roses of the World in Color. and Rice. New York: Crown Publishers. Sarah. New York: Macmillan. The Book of Spices. P. 1938. and Chiltoskey.. M. Italy. New York: Macmillan. 1952. 1964. 1981. London: George Routledge & Sons... New York: Doubleday. J. 1970. Neri. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. How to Landscape Your Grounds.Garland. Rosengarten. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Tucson: H. Lerner. Mass. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Myron. Dorothy Bovee. New York: Dover. Lesch. 1969.) Rohde. Norma Jean. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Franco. New York: Clarkson N. . Claire.. Landscaping with Vines. 1970. Horace.. New York: Dover. Shaker Herbs. 1971. C. Gardens in Winter. ed. Loewenfeld. Claire. Hendrickson. and Alma L. Vicenza. Geraniums for Home and Garden. (1st American edition trans. 1976. 1959. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Bates.A. Singleton. Wilson. The Fragrant Year. Morss. 1965. George T.S. L.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Lamm.. 1976. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Esther. John Ormsbee. 1972. T. 1979.. Mrs. New York. Webster.The Old Shrub Roses. Frank M. Pees. John Poinier. Mrs.A. Bush. New York: Simon & Schuster. and Bell. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Raymond V. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Stearn. Robert K. Martha Dahlen. John. Alfred L. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Robert G. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. Baker. L. Marshall. L. Straus. Vera Breed. Bradner. New ed. Griffin. Mrs. Boerner. 1961. George. Linda.. L. Peter M. Henry Gund.A. New York: Doubleday. Rev.A. Amy Bess Miller. Vt.. Thomas. Meyer. Martin's. Stuart. A. Container Gardening Outdoors. Martin. 1975. and Mrs.. Gannaway. Jo Lohmolder. Taylor. William W.. Herbert G. A. Maxton Davies. White. Building Stone Walls. Diane C. Helen Noyes. Mrs. Elisabeth W. William T.. Mrs. L. Z. New York: McGraw-Hill. Nelva M.A. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.L. 1974. Jr. . Cozart. Mrs. 1972. Rhoda Specht. Martin's Press.. Helen Van Pelt. ed.A.A. New York: Farrar. Philip Batchelder. Boston: Ralph T. Stearn. Mrs. London: Phoenix House. L.A. 1962.A. Hammond Crawford.A. L. Mrs. Fragrance in the Garden. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Margaret Osborn Holt.. Barbara Capen. Ingersoll. 1979.A. H. Austin R. Climbing Roses Old and New. Jr. Virginia B. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1942. Herbs in the Garden. 1953. Bynam. Christopher. Norman.A. 1931. The Shakespeare Garden. Charlotte. 1966. 1979. A. . A. Price. Revised by Dr. F. Melissa R. Associate. Hale & Co.D.. . New York: Hafner.A. Jack Emil Geist.A. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Donald Paxton. Leonard Dreyfuss.. New York: Simon & Schuster. William Y Dear. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Marion E.S. Sherry D. Botanical Latin. Charles L. L. New York: St. ed. Leonie.A. L. L. Graham.. Weber. 1976. Indianapolis. Landscape Architecture. Mrs. McGarry. Mrs. William C. Paxton. Malcolm.L. Berkeley Brandt. William T. Vivian. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.S.: Garden Way. Taloumis.. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. 1957. Mr. Mrs. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Mrs. Jr. Thacker. London: Phoenix House. Giroux. L. Graham Stuart. New York: St. Neil Hamill Park. New York: Dover. . James D. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Campbell. Mrs. 1982. Moffit. Plants of the Bible.. Michael. Katherine S. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.A. Louise Beebe. Plimpton. Mrs.. Mrs. and Robert B. Madalene Hill. Benjamin McF. 1953. Mrs. 1967.L. Mrs. A. James C. Hines. Mrs. Winthrop G.. New York: William Morrow & Co.A. Mrs.R. The Fragrant Garden. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. William Radler. Susan W. 1972. Mrs. Mrs. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them.A. Wilder. L... A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. W. Bleecker. Sandy Hicks.. Tarantino. New York. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Shrub Roses of Today. Elizabeth Lawrence.. Keebler. The History of Gardens. C. Charles Patch.. Smith. W T.. L. Zohary. Mrs. Yang. L. Mrs.
Wayne County Extension and Education Center.. The following provided historical. Swanson. Inc. Inc. Ohio. Hancock Shaker Village. Christopher Spencer. Walter Rebmann. Bailey. Nathan Sameth. Mrs. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Ga. < previous page page_134 next page > . Atlanta. Smith (Ann Leighton). James F. Architect. Mrs. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Old Slater Mill Museum. R.. Semple. Milwaukee County Park Commission. James S. Ark. Edmund G. L. Milton Stricker. Mass. Jean Ruh.Rady. University of Michigan. Mich. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Frederick E. John A. Rose. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Booker Worthen. N. Mrs. Talbot III. and Mrs.. Mrs. L.A. Helen M.A. Mich. Ohio. Joe H. Lawrence Schetky. Whitman. Shaker Community. Lansing.. Greenland. The Country Doctor Museum. Skinner.. L. Timothy Procter Ruh. Eric Duke Scott. Ann Arbor. L. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. civic. Tullie Smith House Restoration. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Mansfield. Winston-Salem.H.I. Atlanta Historical Society. Cleveland. Hales Corners. Mrs. Milton C.. Little Rock. Old Salem.. Gayle. Michigan State University.. G. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Pawtucket. Faith H. Western Reserve Herb Society. Mrs.A.. Matthew Miksch House. Linda Yang. Mrs. Plain Dealer Photo. Harper. Wilcox. L. Derthick. N.C.C.. Hancock.. Mrs. Linda Yang. Mrs. Elbert Smith. Weeks Brick House... The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Eloise andJo Ray. N.. Roberts. Mr. Isadore L. Christopher Rady. Kingwood Center.A. Joan E. Wisc..
A. Myrrhis odorata. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. maritima L. A. barbadensis A. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. E. Y smalliana Agrimonia. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Narcissus triandrus. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. A. officinalis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. C. azoricum. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa.
foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. laevis Rhododendron . Solanum aculeatissimum S. V. officinalis. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. melongena var. F. officinalis Populus. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. P. grandiflorus Melissa M. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. Monarda didyma Crataegus. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. Lamium album Viburnum. M. podagraria Asparagus A. S. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. lycopersicum. P. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. ludoviciana var. G. acerifolium. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. albula A. false Galium aristatum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. V.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
< previous page page_136 next page > .
Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. P. alpina 'Alba' A. B. M. Mertensia virginica. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. oleracea. vulgaris A. chrysantha Symphytum S.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. coronaria . cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. angustifolia. deltoides Campsis radicans. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata.
pseudonarcissus miniature N. alpinum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. B. macrocarpon. ioensis Vaccinium. verna. V. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . angustifolia. coronaria. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. maculatum G. M. V. B. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Italian D Daffodil M. M.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. N. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. C. sativum R. alpinum R.
gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Sansevieria. A. Ferocactus latispinus. A. obtusifolius Rumex R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. crispus. H. x superbum Hemerocallis. C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. rivieri. obtusifolius R. D. acetosa. lilioasphodelus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. triphyllum . lilioasphodelus H. frutescens C. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. T officinale Bellis. Hosta H. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C.
Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. C. N. arvensis. damascena. S. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Lychnis coronaria. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Helichrysum. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. pungens Sambucus S. Gnaphalium. azoricum Nigella. N. C. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . ragusina. Antennaria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Senecio cineraria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. gymnocarpa. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Centaurea cineraria.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
P. Osmunda.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. I. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. perenne . virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. carica Corylus C.× germanica I. L. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. usitatissimum L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. O. carica F. I. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. regalis Adiantum. A. versicolor.
Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. Pelargonium. quercifolium P. sativum var. odoratissimum P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. grossularioides P radens P. lanata D. tuberosum A. lutea Allium sativum A. purpurea D. sphaerocephalum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. neapolitanum A. Fumaria C. × hortorum P. scorodoprasum A. × germanica Myosotis M. P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × limoneum P. sylvatica Digitalis D. I.
crispum P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. graveolens P. T. × jatrophifolium P. Tragopogon. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. officinale Z. abrotanifolium P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. denticulatum P. canadense T. tomentosum P. T. P. A. quercifolium P. canadense. chamaedrys T. × citrosum P. capitatum P. × nervosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. glutinosum. pratensis . 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. Z. A. tomentosum P.
dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. C. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. V. Oxalis deppei. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Vitis monticola. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. nervosa V. M. torquata E. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. C.
golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .
< previous page
next page >
Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
W. Lythrum. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. L. Sempervivum Lobelia L. triacanthos G. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. majalis Liriope. G. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. C. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Ophiopogon L. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Pulmonaria .
Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens.blue M Mace. alcea var. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. M. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. tenuifolia T. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. grandiflora M. lucida . pedatum Hibiscus. Malva. erecta T. erecta T. erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. A. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. patula Calendula officinalis T. Malva. C. M.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
citrata M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. citrata. vulgare O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . Heracleum sphondylium subsp. Spiraea alba. aquatica var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. onites O. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. A. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. suaveolens M. × piperita var. O. Astrantia. requienii M. crispii M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. dictamnus O. × piperita var. R.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. odorata Achillea millefolium. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. citrata M. majorana O. vulgare O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. majorana O. major. vulgare 'Aureum' O. citrata M. S. piperita var.
rubra M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . M. Myrrhis odorata. × gentilis M. Umbellularia californica. thapsus V. Myrtus. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. A. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. lactiflora Morus M. V. Azolla caroliniana. olympicum. alba Verbascum.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. vulgaris A. V. communis.
majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V. album L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. minus T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . nudum. majus T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. tazetta Tropaeolum T. P.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. poeticus N. L. V.
Scilla verna. cepa. hortensis A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fragrans Allium. cepa A. fistulosum A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. telephium Iris × germanica var. fistulosum Atriplex. O. fragrans O. I. A. C. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. vulgare var. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . A. S.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. florentina. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. cepa. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Castilleja californica. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. Proliferum Group A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum.
Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. A. crispum P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. lactiflora P lactiflora P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. patens. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. pulsatilla Passiflora P. P. crispum var. A. P.
annuum. frutescens C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. A. annuum. C. Longum Group Capsicum. roseus C. Longum Group C. annuum. Chenopodium.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. album Ranunculus ficaria . Grossum Group C. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. C. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Marsilea Perilla. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. C. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. paniculata P. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. Piper C. retroflexus.
plumarius D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. C. umbellata var. × paradisiaca. P salicina P angustifolia. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. M. Plantago P. officinalis Dianthus D. angustifolia var. C. cisatlantica Musa acuminata.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Prunus japonica. watsonii P maritima P. P. taeda Chimaphila. nigra P strobus P taeda P. plumarius. caryophyllus D. taeda P. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. gratianopolitanus D. umbellata var. alpinus D. Silene laciniata. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. americana .
E. vulgare Lithospermum. rhoeas P. 0.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. S. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. biennis P. balsamifera P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. Liriodendron tulipifera P. L. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .
canadensis C. rhabarbarum R. pepo C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. P. pepo Portulaca.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. R. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. sativum var. coccineum C. Diplotaxis. A. Hesperis . C.
Rubus coronarius R. sativa Rosa R. Rosa chinensis R. × borboniana Kerria. damascena R. moschata . × borboniana R. centifolia R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. gallica 'Officinalis' R. canina. damascena 'Bifera' R. gallica R. spinosissima R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. laevigata R. R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × harisonii R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. canina R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R. chinensis 'Minima' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. banksiae R.
polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. clevelandii S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Rosmarinus. R. caerula. pitcheri S. microphylla S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. angustissimus R. officinalis Limonium R. guaranitica S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. Salvia hierosolymitana . azurea subsp. rugosa R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. greggii S. officinalis S. × rehderana R. setigera R. sclarea S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. S.
leucophylla S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. virens. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. Salicornia. chamaecyparissus S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. leucantha S. guaranitica S. P. A. C. neapolitana S. T. S. montana Scabiosa S. S. maritimum E. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. viridis S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. hebecarpa. marilandica Amelanchier . scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. S. elegans S. chamaecyparissus S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina.
canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.
spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P. biflorum . Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. V. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria Cotinus. C. G. nivalis Lamium album. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. americana. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. coggygria. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. P. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. coggygria C.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa.
L. R. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . japonica Sorbaria. S. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. O. scutatus R. H. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. patulum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. E. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. O. officinalis thyme-leaved V. crassipes O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. Ornithogalum arabicum.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. H. acetosa. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. pyrenaicum. V.
pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. dracunculus var. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vesca F. incana M. M. C. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. crispum T. perennis. vulgare var.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. floridus Philadelphus . vulgare var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. O. O. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. T vulgare T. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca F. chiloensis F. incana M.
sativus Cirsium Cnicus. E. 'Clear Gold' T. praecox subsp. marianum S.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. arcticus T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. Silybum marianum S. 'Argenteus' T. sylvestris D. T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. benedictus. 'Broad-leaf English' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. phaenopyrum C. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. C. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. laevigata Eupatorium. marianum S. maritima Thymus. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. pallasianus T. praecox T. × citriodorus T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . A.
< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. L. peruviana P. sanctum Tulipa T. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Coreopsis Linaria. alata Lycopersicon. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Physalis peruviana L. lycopersicum L. sanctum O. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. radicans Bignonia capreolata. cerasiforme. praecox subsp. C. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. pruinosa. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. P. I. P. lycopersicum var. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. noli-tangere. lycopersicum var. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip.
canina. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. caprea . Chimaphila.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. officinalis Polemonium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. odorata V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. P. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. V riviniana Viola odorata V. odorata V. caeruleum Clematis. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. V. cornuta 'Alba' V. C. cornuta V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. C.
V. pontica. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. S. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. camphorata A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. verticillata Chimaphila. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. nudum Isatis I. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Corydalis sempervirens A. gmelinii A. frigida A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. I. annua A. Stachys . ambrosioides Artemisia. W. absinthium A. Vanilla barbellata A. caprea. Gaultheria procumbens.
taygetea A. C. X. ageratum A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. I. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A. vomitoria I. simplicissima Cladrastis. millefolium A. × media 'Hicksii' T. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . tomentosa Ilex cassine. × media 'Hatfieldii' T.
parlor m. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. thousand-seal. five-finger f. pedatum Agastache A. foeniculum Agave A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. maidenhair American maidenhair. theophrasti Acacia A. calamus Adiantum A. butter-print. nose-bleed. longifolia Achillea A. monkshood helmut flower. ageratum A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. sanguinary. yarrow sneezeweed. maidenhair fern. fragrant g. fourcroydes sweet flag. calamus maidenhair fern. h.. Indian mallow. fennel g. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.. alpinus Aconitum A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. breviflora A. Indian mallow China jute.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. millefolium A. lion's tail anise hyssop. napellus Acorus A. h. monkshood flowering maple. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A.. blue giant hyssop. cana A. taygetea A.
moly A. purple c. ostrowskianum A.. giganteum A.. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. cive. garlic rocambole. rosea Alchemilla A. githago Ajuga A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. Japanese bunching o.A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. tree o. Pulchellum A. alpina A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. sisal hemp. senescens var. ciboule. flowering o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. scorodoprasum A. karataviense A. schnittlauch giant garlic . sativum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. sisalana Agrimonia A. Spanish o. christophii A. Rosenbachianum A. fistulosum A. hemp plant agrimony. lily leek daffodil garlic. neapolitanum A. vulgaris Allium A. sativum var. schoenoprasum A.. cocklebur. two-bladed o.. serpent garlic chive. flavum A. ophioscorodon A. reptans Alcea A.
japonica A. juneberry. caudatus Amelanchier A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. archangel. bugloss windflower.. barbadensis Aloysia A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinarum Anchusa A. medicinal a.. hupehensis var. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. shad. bugloss alkanet. Curasao a. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. Oriental garlic .glaucum A. officinalis Amaranthus A. canadensis Amsonia A. blanda A. officinalis Anemone A. shadbush. tuberosum Aloe A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. white m. tinctoria Anthriscus A. Barbados a. marschalliana A. sphaerocephalum A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. triphylla Althaea A. cerefolium chervil angelica.. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. pulsatilla Anethum A. garlic c.
graveolens var. European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.Apium A. graveolens A. chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . alpina 'Alba' A.
< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. Ludoviciana var. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. lactiflora A. creashak green-dragon. old man southernwood absinthe. dracontium A. virginicum bearberry. bear's grape. sea pink thrift. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. mugwort. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. mountain box. camphorata A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . pink or white horseradish. hog cranberry. sativa A. maritima Armoracia A. frigida A. wormwood southernwood. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. asarabacca wild ginger. gmelinii A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. europaeum A. dracunculus var. rusticana Artemisia A. pontica A. kinnikinick. annua A. sandberry. albula A. red cole sagebrush. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. stewardsonii Armeria A. arborescens A. triphyllum subsp. canadense A. mealberry. triphyllum A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger.
butterfly flower butterfly weed. China grass borage borage. i. ruby s. upland cress winter cress. tinctoria Barbarea B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie.. australis B. cool-tankard cole. tuberroot. papyrifera Boehmeria B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. officinalis Astrantia A. piprage beet swiss chard. vulgaris. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. silkweed. major Atriplex A. tuberosa Asparagus A..Asclepias A. B. perennis Berberis B. wild indigo blue false indigo. vulgaris Bellis B. c. hortensis B Baptista B. s. rocket. yellow r. c. halimus A. vulgaris Beta milkweed. c. Chinese silk plant. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. rattleweed winter cress. s. c. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. jaundice berry. nivea Borago B. wild blue i. plains f. garden o. ruby s. wild indigo. mountain spinach false indigo. orach sea orach. saltbush orach. mustard . pleurisy root. talewort.
grandiflora Calendula C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. sempervirens B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. carpatica C. microphylla var. koreana B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. eruca B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Nana' B.. pineapple s. strawberry s.B. white-flowered k. officinalis Calycanthus C.
o. green p. p. o. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. rapunculus Campsis C. sweet pepper. o. cow-itch. o. red p. p.. p. p. p. chili p. persicifolia C. o. p. o. bell p. p. o. s. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. s. p. o. green p. p.. s. trumpet flower. p. trumpet vine. C.. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper.C.. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. pimento sweet pepper s.
capsicum p.. senna. red p. shellbark h. Madagascar periwinkle.. frutescens Carthamus C.. Tabasco-sauce p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. bastard s. cristata Cercis C. marilandica Catharanthus C. false saffron. garden c.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. celandine celandine turtlehead. Russian c. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. snakehead . chili p. ovata Cassia C. majus Chelone cayenne p. tinctorius Carum C. deodara Celosia C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory... nocturnum Chamaemelum C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. illinoinensis C. nobile Chelidonium C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. canariensis Cedrus C. carvi Carya C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. Tabasco p.
virgilia virgin's bower. Dalmatia p. mint geranium. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. × superbum Cichorium C. crispus C.. leucanthemum C. feather geranium. fat hen ambrosia. balsamita C. dwarf 1. glabra Chenopodium C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. Chinese dwarf 1. wintergreen. Robert Brydon' C.C. old-man's-beard costmary. frutescens C. cinerariifolium C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. wormseed. parthenium C. ambrosioides C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. intybus Cimicifuga C. Meyer 1. leather flower. botrys Chimaphila C. coccineum C. racemosa Cistus C. ladanifer Citrus C. virgin's bower. alecost pyrethrum. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. pigweed Mexican tea. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. wax flower. American w. leather flower. pyrethum.. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. bonus-henricus C.. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. devil's-darning- . barbe-de-capuchin. rattletop black cohosh.. lutea Clematis C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. Spanish t. virginiana balmony goosefoot. umbellata Chionanthus C.
peregrina Consolida C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. ambigua C. avellana Cotinus C. thorn apple. cneorum Coptis C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. smokebush. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. Chinese parsley dogwood. trifolia Coreopsis C. smoke plant. quick-set. florida Corylus C. smokebush smoke tree.. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . thorn. majalis Convolvulus C.needle Cnicus C. arkansana C. apiculatus Crataegus C. orientalis Convallaria C. benedictus Coix C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. red haw hawthorn English h. laevigata C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. autumnale Comptonia C. sativum Cornus C. Venetian sumac. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander.
oblonga Cymbopogon C. speciosus C. angustifolius C. sempervirens Cydonia C.. tomasinianus Cupressus C. × allwoodii D. West Indian 1. sieberi C. kotschyanus C. citratus Cytisus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sativus C.. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. speciosus 'Albus' C. gracilis Dianthus D. maritimum Crocus C. scoparius C.C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > .
pardalianches E Echeveria E. carnation. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. gas plant. sativus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. burning bush. lanata D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. sylvestris Doronicum D. grandiflora D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. × imbricata Echium clove pink.
thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . dulcis Endymion E. sea holm. californica Eucalyptus E.E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. J. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. sea eryngo California poppy C. epimedium barrenwort. gum tree. Australian gum. b. maritimum Eschscholzia E. perfoliatum E. torquata Euonymus E. plum eryngo sea holly. rugosum v. vulgare Elaeagnus E. hyemale Eranthis E. Japanese medlar. viridis Epimedium E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. arvense E.. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. japonica Eryngium E. ironbark. poppy eucalypt. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. blueweed. jacinth. pungens Eleocharis E. S.
s.s. vulgare var. assafoetida Ficus F.s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. sow-teat s. finocchio. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. cyparissias F Ferula F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. major Fragaria F. vulgare F. alpine s. imperialis Fumaria F. a. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.Euphorbia E. vulgare subsp. a. vulgaris Foeniculum F. a. chiloensis F. ulmaria F. vulgare F.
runaway robin. odoratum G. germanica G.. Capejasmine wintergreen.. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. false baby's-breath woodruff. mollugo G.. field balm. cleavers white bedstraw. sweet w. checkerberry.F. spotted c. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. maculatum G. teaberry. ground ivy. honey locust. gardenia. alumroot herb Robert. wild c. tinctoria Geranium G. triacanthos Gossypium G. Carolina jasmine G. mountain tea.. Carolina yellow j. hirsutum H Hamamelis H.. jasminoides Gaultheria G. woodwaxen. our-lady's-b. woodroof yellow bedstraw. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. nivalis Galium G. mock p. hexapetala G Galanthus G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. virginiana Hedeoma H. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. hederacea Gleditsia G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. robertianum Glechoma G. dyer's greenweed. red Robin . vernalis H. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. verum Gardenia G. Carolina jessamine Genista G.
< previous page page_149 next page > .
helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. lemon d. niger H. rose-of-China. bastard jute. lilioasphodelus H. lividus subsp. angustifolium H. corsicus H. sweet r. Chinese hibiscus. curry plant false licorice. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. immortelle white-leaf everlasting.. turnsole heliotrope. × luteola Herniaria H. arborescens Helleborus H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket.. Indian hemp. Hawaiian h.. matronalis Hibiscus H. atrorubens H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. petiolatum Heliotropium H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. garland 1... foetidus H. China rose. cannabinus H. glabra Hesperis H. hibiscus kenaf. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. Deccan h. rose m.. blacking plant plantain lily. bimli j. mallow. bimlipatum j. daylily . licorice plant heliotrope.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. orientalis Hemerocallis H.. Deckaner h. giant m. flavescens Helenium H.
horned h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. crenata var. European h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. navelwort gotu kola St. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. quercifolia Hydrastis H.-John's-wort St. box-leaved h. patulum 'Sungold' H. perforatum Hyssopus H. . I. lupulus Hydrangea H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly.H. box-leaved h. orangeroot. Burford's holly Japanese holly.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. rose h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. white h. asiatica Hypericum H..-John's-wort St.
. wilsonii Impatiens I. spotted t. touch-me-not jewelweed. × germanica var. J. African corn lily corn lily orris. snapweed. horizontalis creeping j. woad dyer's woad. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . crested dwarf i. officinale Juniperus J. maculata J Jasminum J. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. helenium Ipomoea I. tinctoria Ixia I. cristata I.. jewelweed. alba Iris I. florentina I. crested i. 'Great Lakes' I. glabra I. capensis Indigofera I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam.. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. water f. vomitoria 'Nana' I. tinctoria Inula I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. yellow flag. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. chinensis var.I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. pseudacorus Isatis I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. opaca I.
carnea Brazilian-plume. paradise p. sweet bay laurel. album L. dentata L. plume flower. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L.... dumb nettle. indica Lamium L. white d. flamingo p. angustifolia L. n. angustifolia subsp. plume plant. king'scrown L Lactuca L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. dentata var. maculatum L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. nobilis Lavandula L. n.Justicia water willow J. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. bay. d. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . brandegeana shrimp plant J. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L..
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
usitatissimum Liriope L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. candidum L. perenne L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. statice statice toadflax spicebush. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. sativum Leucojum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. marsh rosemary. lovage privet.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. summer s. chalcedonicum Limonium L. hedge plant privet. blue cardinal flower . aestivum Levisticum L. muscari Lobelia L. leonurus Leontopodium L. benzoin Linum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. officinale Ligustrum L. pepperwort.
lycopersicum var. satin flower honesty. cordata Magnolia M. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. grandiflora M. lycopersicum var. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. coral h. honesty. virginiana sweet alyssum. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. gypsywort. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. stellata M. catchfly mullein pink. vulgaris Lythrum L. maritima L. coronaria 'Alba' L. europaeus Lysimachia L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy.. penny f. silver-dollar. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. coronaria L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. annua Lychnis L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. flava L.L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. moonwort. sempervirens Lunaria L. money plant. campion.
wild crab crab apple crab mallow. imperial stock balm lemon b. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. 'Eau de Cologne' M. pulegium M. b. apple m.Mahonia M. requienii M. angustifolia M. bluebells. blue barberry apple. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. holly g. pennyroyal Corsican m. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. cowslip. menthella.. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. musk m. × piperita M. mountain g. horsemint . curly m. longifolia M.. horsemint peppermint orange mint. Virginia c. hupehensis Malva M... vulgare Matthiola M. incana Melissa M.. bee b. 'Guiding Star' M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. lemon m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. × piperita var. sweet b. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. American crab. white h. holly mahonia.. fastigiata Marrubium M. Oregon g. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. officinalis Mentha M. alcea var.. lungwort bluebells. aquatica M. citrata M. × gentilis M. pineapple m. gillyflower.. Virginia b. holly barberry.. stock stock. incanum M. bergamot m. Brampton stock. Scotch m.
. swamp c. Greek myrtle. anise. citriodora M. myrrh. b. Oswego tea. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > .M. b. fistulosa M. white bee balm pink b. textilis Myosotis M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. banana abaca. American m. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. candleberry. punctata Montia M. red m. sylvatica Myrica M. odorata Myrtus M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. fistulosa var. sweet cicely. winter purslane. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. pink b. white b. menthifolia M. Swedish m. b.
< previous page
next page >
N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
nepalensis P.Poncirus P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. persica Pteridium P. balsam p. golden hardhack. brake. cowslip self-heal self-heal. trifoliata Populus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. tacamahac cinquefoil.. vulgaris Prunus P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. domestica P. all-heal salad burnet. five-finger shrubby c. aspen. lungwort blue 1. veris Prunella P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P.. pasture b. Jerusalem sage. granatum Pyrus P. widdy shrubby c. hardy orange poplar. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. hog-pasture b. angustifolia P. Americana P. sand p. hackmatack. heal-all. brake bracken. maritima P. elatior P. pensylvanica P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . Jerusalem cowslip white p..
. alpinum R. fairy r. eglanteria R.. Bourbon r. ficaria Reseda R. crowfoot lesser celandine. moss r. York-and-Lancaster r. mountain c. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. purshiana Rheum R... . brier r. typhina Ribes R. pie plant. small c. chinensis 'Minima' R. dog b. luteola Rhamnus R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. cabbage r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. garden c. canina R.Quercus Q. pygmy r. red currant. banksiae R. 'Cinderella' R. dog r. autumn damask r. eglantine.. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. garden r. gallica damask r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. stellata R Ranunculus R. moss r.. China r. pilewort mignonette weld. sativum Rosa R. × borboniana R. rose. gooseberry alpine c. sweetbrier French r. brier Banksia r.
Japanese r. dock s. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. r. wichuraiana R. Turkestan r. garden sorrel broad dock. × harisonii R. madder bramble blackberry. Cherokee r. climbing r. French sorrel rue . laevigata R.. roxburghii R. chinquapin r. acetosa R. spinosissima R. sorrel. bitter d. setigera R. tinctorum Rubus R. musk r. burnet r. × rehderana R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. prairie r. hirta Rumex R. moschata R.. snowdwarf memorial r.. 'Schneezwerg' R. obtusifolius R. climbing r. Harison's yellow r. polyantha r. rosemary pine-scented r. Scotch r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. prostrate rosemary. golden p. angustissimus R.. rugosa R.'Officinalis' R. rosemary white r. chestnut r.
< previous page page_153 next page > .
Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. leucantha S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. viridis Sambucus S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. elderberry American e. involucrata S. sclarea S. caerula S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. argentea S. pussy willow sage. bloodroot red puccoon. purple g. Mexican bush s. clary annual clary elder. golden g. s. caprea Salvia S. clevelandii S. leucophylla S. gray sage. American e. guaranitica S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. osier goat willow. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. garden s. microphylla S. purple variegated garden s. bloodroot rue . elegans S. variegated garden s. s. purple sage baby sage garden sage. canadensis willow. greggii S.
good-luck plant. sisarum Solanum S. virens Saponaria S. St. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. hen-and-chickens. mad apple .. albidum Satureja S.. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. devil's tongue. roof h. skirret potato vine eggplant. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina.. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. hortensis S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. live-forever houseleek. old-man-and-woman holy thistle.. lucky plant. telephium Sempervivum S. blessed t. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. neapolitana S. mourning-bride stonecrop. morganianum S. jasminoides S. milk t. pinnata S. hemp plant snake plant. atropurpurea Sedum S.Sanguisorba S. live-forever houseleek. tectorum Silybum S. officinalis Sassafras S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. sweet s. trifasciata Santolina S. Mary's t. marianum Sium S. melongena var. pincushion flower pincushions. canadensis Sansevieria S.
erecta marigold African m.. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. officinale Syringa S. lutea Stokesia S. americana Stachys S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil.. californica Sorbaria S. reticulata var. grandiflora S. byzantina S. vulgaris 'Addie V. patula melongene. Aztec m. laevis Symphytum S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. laciniata Persian lilac S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. woundwort lamb's-ears. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. × persica var. big m. officinale S. lilac . Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. hedge nettle.
wood sage germander dwarf. crispum Taraxacum T. dwarf m.. procumbent g. dense y. . tansy tansy. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. canadense T. lucida T.. germander American g. filifolia T.. upright y. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. 'Argenteus' T.T. culinary golden lemon t. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. officinale Taxus T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. sweet mace French m. 'Broad-leaf English' T. carnosus T. signet m. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. yew conical y. vulgare var. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. vulgare T. fruticans T. lemon t. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. marum Thuja T. columnar y. occidentalis Thymus T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low.
< previous page page_154 next page > .
romero clover red clover star jasmine. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. lemon t. caraway t. crimson c. leucotrichus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. zygis Torenia T. pallasianus T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. wishbone flower. confederatej. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. doerfleri T. t. glabrescens T. odorus t. serpyllum T. praecox subsp. . t. creeping t. woolly thyme creeping t. red c. nitidus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. richardii subsp.. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. nummularius T. pratensis Trichostema T. lanatum Trifolium T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T.. praecox T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. herba-barona T. not culinary French t.
flannel plant. officinalis Verbascum V.. canadensis Tulipa T. 'Blizzard' T. officinalis V. farfara U Urginea U. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. cranberry. minus Tsuga T. maritima Urtica U. red s. tawny orange t. tall n. speedwell. water-lily t. olympicum V. laevifolium Valeriana V. mullein mullein. huckleberry. blueberry. bitter Indian garden n. squill. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. angustifolium var. kaufmanniana T. thapsus Veronica V. dioica V Vaccinium V. Indian cress dwarf n. 'Sweet Harmony' T. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. nettle stinging n. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s.. 'General de Wet' T. . early. pale yellow Darwin t. species t.Tropaeolum T. velvet p. serpyllifolia nasturtium. clusiana T. majus T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. blattaria V. tarda T.
ladies-delight. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X.Vetiveria V.. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. sheepberry. viola white viola blue viola teaberry.. odorata V. sweet h. zizanioides Viburnum V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. heartsease pansy. withe-rod vetiver. khus-khus. acerifolium V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. maple-leaved viburnum. prunifolium Vinca V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. violet dog violet horned v. tricolor V.. running m. arrowwood. heartsease. lutea 'Splendens' V. minor Viola V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. cassinoides V. myrtle. canina V. carlesii V. nannyberry. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. possum haw . lesser p.
ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.