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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
build it. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. especially poetry. successes. for they had no model and no guide. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. whether all their labor was to no avail. Ginny had done some writing. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. wheedling. The turning point came when. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. With false starts and honest stops. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. It needs no sequel. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. and I have had the pleasure of advising. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. alterations. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. pushing. This was not to be. and the experience provided the final section of the book. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. carefully chosen. Then. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. bereft of hope. This they did. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . Again they revised. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. punching. with sparkling enthusiasm. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. and the publisher. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. responded with delight. and record every detailall of the failures. Their energy and charm caught me up. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. more of them exist to serve as examples. seven years ago.
we completed a test garden. and these are capitalizedfor example. The herb garden designs alone. degree of maintenance required. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. 1969 and 1980. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. by their owners. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. former generic names. specialty. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. the authors. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. or by contributors. To achieve this. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. historical interest. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. English thyme. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Not all plants used are herbs. rather. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. without accompanying commentary. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. We. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Italics are always used for botanical names. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. while others were prepared by landscape designers. Some of these were created by landscape architects. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. . we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. and educational purpose. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Likewise. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. A range of essential factors is considered herein. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. although countless common names exist." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out.
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Special thanks are due James C. former director of same. Susan Frugé. Alice Skelsey. Lee Buss. have also been of assistance. Keebler and the late Everest P.. and the horticulturist. Wanda Ritchie.D. Betty Rea. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. which made possible the completion of our text. Richard T. FAITH H. Weatherhead.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Nell Neff. The late Raymond C. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . and Rexford Talbert. Isaacson. has been especially helpful over the years. and August Frugé. Eleanor Gambee. as expediter and typist. Swanson and Robert B. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. and Joanna Reed. His assistant. Genevieve Jyurovat. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. and Elizabeth Bryce. president. has given us valuable information. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Recognition is due Robert B. Trudi Bela. former managing editors. She has served. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. M. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Jo Lohmolder. Alexander Apanius. A lecturer on herbs. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. too. past presidents. Finally. Herbert J. We are grateful to many. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Derthick. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. librarian. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Rady.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. a front dooryard. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. not at all difficult to maintain. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. partially excavated area. In order to create a fine garden design. the north point will have been indicated. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. and decisions must not be left to chance. and structures. and hedges will have been located. Its interest is independent of flowers. lay out a plan of the property. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. new plants. new ways of seeing. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. temples of worship. or an abandoned. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. If no . to increase the value of the property. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. As Henry Beston reflects. some of which are evergreen." A good design does not "happen." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. "Not difficult to plan. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. fences. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. As one constantly reinforces the other. Perennial herbs.
measurements are in engineer's scale. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . and hedges. fences.
and the driveway. In the absence of a survey map. measure to locate the house. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. In this example. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. A deed description. other significant structures. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Here. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. Other areas may require a smaller scale. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Next. to locate the house. such as the one illustrated here. too. but with all needed information. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. The object is to . too. will give the lot or acreage measurements. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable.
create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. enclosures. shrubs. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. < previous page page_3 next page > . triangleof inexpensive plastic. and parallel lines. and unusual land features noted. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. The tools needed for drawing are few. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. lines at an angle. The smaller the scale. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. driveway. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. paths.
bayberry. In the absence of a structure. and stone. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. However. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. old smokehouse. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. With the plan on paper. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. greenhouse. In some cases. In the designs that follow. yew. and hedges of hemlock. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. and holly. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Upkeep.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. A toolhouse. garage. iron. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. or summer kitchen is ideal. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. gazebo. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. brick. One basic rule is the higher the wall." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
used for dry wall or masonry construction. cut stones. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Lower cost is an advantage. or. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. as in outdoor room dividers. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. railroad ties. if wood is the material of choice. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Styles are legion. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. In some climates. Brick is the all-time favorite material. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. deeply evergreen. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Stone. they can be made to order. Whatever the reason. Where air circulation is much needed. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. annual painting is a necessity. For example.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. as an example. When used with a hedge. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. If desired. some deciduous and some evergreen. At first. Allow adequate room within the row. but the results will confirm this course. and rosemary. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. landscape timbers. for example. however. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. whether it will be rocks. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. box. holly. Equally important is proportion. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. When this reinforcement is understated. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. the garden design is most attractive. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. too. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. painted. Stained. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Gates are part of the enclosure. Generally. such as bayberry. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. or pressure-treated lumber. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Rosemary. yew. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. bricks. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. and their styles are countless. or natural. it will seem too sparsely planted. a temporary garden that may be changed later. . concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. so give them much thought. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. gray surfaces are found. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. elegant box. for reinforcing the design. If used. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out.
if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. there is a necessary. awkward and unsafe. Conversely.Steps When constructing steps. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. and maintenance. too. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. but should be compatible with. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. their use no less than comfortable. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. making the design more evident. appearance. If groups are walking through. Step materials need not be the same as. There are. The colors are various: terracotta. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. It is a general rule that the less the riser. or red. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. cost. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Access paths. because they are just that.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. . Choose the path material equally for comfort. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Paths must be ample. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. for example. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. the greater the tread. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. rosy pink. however. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Paths In addition to their obvious utility.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.
keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. bark or pine needles can be used. This. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. When they mature. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. With these recommendations in mind. a soft-lead pencil in hand. is an enjoyable experience. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. serviceberry. and many good references are available. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. shad Malus coronaria. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. If the garden is made up of separate beds. They are easily renewed as they break down. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . a result being hazardous footing. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. prepare a planting plan for each. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. too.) To avoid having a slippery surface. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. or trees to be considered. they should not shade the herbs too much. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. shrubs. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.
someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Artifacts As with other gardens. for example. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. whether they are invasive or tall growing. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. it is easily read and easily erased. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Sept. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. lemon thyme. for example. however. one-half inch equals one foot. a focal point is customarily used. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. such as the one illustrated here. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. too. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Do use a soft-lead pencil. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. It needs. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. noting well their growth habits. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. 'Mount Hood daff. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. or whatever is best in your case.
or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. the height of a fence to the house. If a statue less than life-size is used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. It is then in scale with its frame. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. a niche of its own should be created. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. Again.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. < previous page page_9 next page > .
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
with one basic rule always needing to be observed. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. For easy reference. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. a stylized drawing of an ovary. However. that of good proportion. the designs have a decorative north point.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. Except for two.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
summer 23.A. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. 4.Allium 11. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 6. fennel 2.Satureja montana. which is used here in relation to a garage.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 27. 21. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Poterium sanguisorba. 3. rose 24. or other structure. 26.Galium odoratum. 7. 5. lovage 17. salad burnet 12.Viola tricolor.Lavandula savory angustifolia. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. lemon 15.Melissa officinalis. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Lobularia maritima. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. Lavenders accent the front corners.Ocimum basilicum. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. lemon balm . The rules of symmetry are observed.L. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. With color and texture considered for contrast. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. 14. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Origanum majorana. A. The first number in each planting area is the key number.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Pelargonium graveolens. 16. Landscape Architect. 1. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. sweet 25. Foeniculum vulgare. sativa. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. dill cerasiforme. bee balm 13. a fence. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 22.Satureja hortensis. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.S.
dwarf garden 20.Petroselinum crispum var. Greek 28. costmary 'Albus'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. curly parsley 10.Salvia officinalis. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . Pelargonium × limoneum.Porrum Group.Origanum heracleoticum. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. chive 18. 19. leek 9.
rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Satureja hortensis. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis. 11. 13. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Monarda didyma.Poterium sanguisorba.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Pelargonium graveolens.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. summer 10. lemon verbena 21. curly parsley sativa. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. perhaps overgrown with weeds. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel English lavender geranium 4. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. as was done here. French tarragon 2.Aloysia triphylla. bush basil 3. Petroselinum crispum var. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum. 9. 12. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. 18. 1. 17. . This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. rose 19. white 20.Artemisia dracunculus var.
Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Rosa eglanteria.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. English'.Heliotropium arborescens. 16. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Galium odoratum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. 14.Origanum majorana. eglantine 23.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme dill 8.salad burnet 6.
however. A. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. Origanum heracleoticum.S. The garden is conveniently located. however.Artemisia dracunculus var. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Even in limited space. lovage 15. dill 2.Chionanthus virginicus.Levisticum officinale. 9. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. and the plan could be used at a front door. Then the design might need to be expanded. sweet marjoram 3. sativa. summer savory 11.Satureja hortensis. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Petroselinum crispum. The image would soon give way to other considerations.A. spearmint 16.L. making the beds larger and the paths wider. 1. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Japanese yew 17. lemon thyme 10. 13.Mentha spicata.Salvia officinalis. Origanum majorana. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. 7. parsley 5. . salad burnet 14. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Taxus cuspidata.Allium schoenoprasum. still observing a scale. garden sage 8.
nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.
L. Jacob's-ladder 3. 18. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. garden sage 17. the challenge is obvious.Allium ampeloprasum. The long. lavender marjoram 2. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. Dictamnus albus. 31. Christmas fern 5. 7. yellow 29. 6. 30. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. A. 13. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. summer 21. bee balm 14.Polemonium reptans. Viola odorata. Landscape Architect. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.Pulmonaria officinalis.Asarum canadense.A. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. 9. This is an intimate garden. 1. 32. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 33.Convallaria majalis. lemon thyme 28. salad 20.Digitalis grandiflora. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.Stachys byzantina.Humulus lupulus.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. sweet violet 16.S. The number in each planting area is the key number.Osmunda cinnamomea. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue lungwort 26. hop sativa. 25.Origanum majorana. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. wild ginger 27. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Primula vulgaris. Monarda didyma. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. fennel 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . fraxinella 15. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Polystichum acrostichoides. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus.Teucrium chamaedrys. cinnamon fern 4. 8.
French thyme woodruff koreana. winter savory 24. crispum.Sorbus americana.lilac 10.Korean box 11.Petroselinum crispum var.Buxus microphylla var. Canada hemlock Standard'. French'.Satureja montana. yellow bedstraw 23.Galium verum.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . sweet 34.Tsuga canadensis.Galium odoratum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. curly parsley mountain ash 12. 35.savory germander Willmott'.
The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. garden sage 20. Italian parsley . California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Rumex scutatus. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. lemon verbena 2. Surprisingly. One of the beds. it became part of the patio. dill 10. 1. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. 19.Origanum heracleoticum. neapolitanum. geometric design. Even so.Aloysia triphylla. It is a pleasing." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Salvia officinalis. this design can be an inspiration.Petroselinum crispum var. To be placed near the kitchen. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.
lemon basil 9. lemon balm cicely 6.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. English thyme bush basil 8. chive 25. summer savory 23. sweet 13. sweet 18. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . curly parsley 22.17.Satureja montana.Borago officinalis. borage 'Purpurascens'.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium schoenoprasum. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. sweet 14. purple basil 4.Poterium sanguisorba.Anthriscus cerefolium.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. French tarragon 5. garlic chive 26. salad 15.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Artemisia dracunculus var. winter savory 24.Origanum majorana. chervil marjoram 21.3.Ocimum basilicum 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 16.Myrrhis odorata. crispum.Ocimum basilicum. Alpine strawberry 7.Melissa officinalis.Satureja hortensis. basil sativa.
so. it is an unusual.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 1.Myrrhis odorata. To increase the planting area. 14. winter 21. rosemary 3. D. sweet cicely 23. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 13. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Pelargonium in variety. gray .Lavandula angustifolia. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. Created in an orderly way.Stachys byzantina. English lavender 10.Thymus × citriodorus. too. English thyme lemon thyme 11. geometric design. lamb's-ears 20. the work paths could be eliminated. blue 22. it is full of interesting angles. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. The center beds here were established in this way.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. purple basil 4. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. As a whole.Santolina virens.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 19. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. green santolina 12.Galium odoratum.Satureja montana.Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. scented-leaf geranium 2.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.C.
horehound24. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia camphorata. clove pink 7. camphor-scented wormwood 8. 25.Salvia officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus. classic myrtle 9.6.Marrubium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 16.Ilex opaca.Artemisia abrotanum.Myrtus communis. American southernwood holly 17.
which adds its impression of warmth. rosemary 15. pot marigold 24. absinthe 26.Thymus praecox subsp.Calendula officinalis. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Artemisia absinthium. casts the shadow for the hour. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosmarinus officinalis. English lavender 6. sativa. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. this herb garden is secluded. yarrow 12. Coix lacryma-jobi. French tarragon 14. Ocimum basilicum. Sometimes space is limited. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door.Tanacetum vulgare. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. This center of interest is of particular note. Achillea millefolium. Its arrow points north and. tansy 25. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. blue hyssop 2. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon balm 22. arcticus 21. sweet basil 4. 1. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. gray santolina 13. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Job's tears 11. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Borago officinalis.Melissa officinalis. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Chamaemelum . sweet woodruff 5. winter savory 16. too. borage 23. Lavandula angustifolia. Galium odoratum. purple basil 3. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.
comfrey20.Syringa.7. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . costmary 'Albus'. scented-leaf 27. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia officinalis. variegated garden sage 8.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. garden sage 19.Pelargonium in variety.Symphytum officinale. chamomile 17. sweet 29. pineapplescented sage 9.Carya illinoinensis. chive 18.Origanum vulgare.Chrysanthemum balsamita. marjoram pecan 10. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Salvia elegans. wild marjoram 28.Origanum majorana.
this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 3. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. for example lemon balm and spearmint. parsley 17.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. sativa. 29. lovage 22.Pelargonium × limoneum. 5. rue 31.Myrrhis odorata. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. hyssop Meyer lemon . The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. 8.Pelargonium graveolens. sweet cicely 37.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis.Allium sativum. purple basil Zingiber officinale. garlic Levisticum officinale.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. The more invasive ones. rose geranium 2.Ruta graveolens. lemon balm 35.Ipomoea alba. chervil 15. dill 20. summer 32. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. 7.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 6. 4. 19. French sorrel 21. When controlled in this way.Apium graveolens. sunken into the ground.Salvia officinalis. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Satureja hortensis.Marrubium vulgare. blue 23. 1. sweet 34. 18. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. Anthriscus cerefolium. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 9.Origanum majorana.Galium odoratum. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. true ginger16. 36.Allium schoenoprasum. horehound 33. 30. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.
dwarf nasturtium 13. lemon verbena 11.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil 38.Aloysia triphylla. salad burnet 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.10.Magnolia virginiana.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha spicata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. bush basil 14. spearmint 27. Japanese yew 39. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . Greek oregano 12. lemonthyme 28.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. English thyme 26.Tropaeolum minus.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme 24.
but. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. < previous page page_22 next page > . simplify!. whatever the reason. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. "Simplify.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. however. a quick way to ensure good drainage.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Tanacetum vulgare. rue 20.Melissa officinalis. 14. spearmint 21.Salvia officinalis. sweet 15. balm sativa.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 25. garden sage 3. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Petroselinum crispum.Allium schoenoprasum.Lactuca sativa.Thymus praecox subsp. lettuce 10. peppermint 23. 1. bell pepper 6. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. 18. spicebush absinthe French'. 26.Allium fistulosum. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata.Impatiens capensis.Anethum graveolens. dill 13. bee balm 19.Capsicum frutescens. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Lindera benzoin.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Origanum majorana.Monarda didyma. jewelweed24.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. tansy 11. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. parsley 2.Aloe barbadensis. sweet 17. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha x piperita.Ruta graveolens. 12.The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus. aloe Grossum Group.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia absinthium. lemon 22.Hedeoma pulegioides.Galium odoratum. summer basil savory 7.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
A low wall of brick. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. 1. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically.Pelargonium in variety. Perovskia abrotanoides. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. . arcticus 14. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. germander 7. faced and capped with random. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. 8.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house.Teucrium chamaedrys. French thyme 2. Russian 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. too. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. horizontally laid bluestone. encloses this plan. Thymus praecox subsp.
mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. witch hazel 18.Hyssopus officinalis. blue 11. lemon balm hyssop 12.-John'swort 17. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus.Hamamelis virginiana.Galium odoratum.Campsis radicans. trumpet vine 16. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lady's6.Alchemilla vulgaris.Melissa officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'. crimson creeping thyme 9.Santolina neapolitana 4. lemon thyme 10.Thymus praecox subsp. St.Viburnum cassinoides.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 3. white creeping thyme 5.
< previous page page_28 next page > . the shrubsyew. It is. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. holly. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. however. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Although this is not a large garden. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. However. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. lilac. Germander is a proper edging here. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. box.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
classic myrtle 15.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Marrubium vulgare.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Chamaemelum nobile. crimson creeping thyme 31.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet violet 19. blue horehound hyssop 3.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. 18. santolina alpine pink 28. germander 36.Iris × germanica var. Japanese holly 47. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Japanese holly 42.Ruta graveolens.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Anemone pulsatilla. sweet albula.Iris cristata.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. Viola odorata.Stachys byzantina. red creeping thyme 10. Simkins'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. fraxinella 33. lilac 45.Teucrium chamaedrys. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. rue 6.Thymus praecox subsp. 23.Dictamnus albus. Alchemilla vulgaris. broom 40. sweet cicely17. woolly thyme 7. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. columnal yew 43. cottage pink 2. arcticus 'Albus'. 9. lady's. alpine strawberry 8.Artemisia camphorata. lamb'sears 35.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Syringa patula. clary 30.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Salvia sclarea. fringed wormwood 16.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Artemisia frigida. Heliotropium arborescens. 21. florentina. 12. shrubby cinquefoil 46. 1.Hyssopus officinalis. dwarf crested iris 39.Myrtus communis. white creeping thyme 37. 26.Eloise & Jo Ray. Myrrhis odorata.Santolina virens. Mentha requienii. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. orris 38. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white hyssop 4. winter 29.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Santolina pinnata 34. gray sage savory 14.Satureja montana. green 27. 32.Salvia leucophylla. Corsican 24.Cytisus supinus. prostrate rosemary 13.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 22.Comptonia peregrina.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf privet 48. dwarf box 41. mantle chamomile 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Borago officinalis. Japanese yew 44.20.
which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. the center of interest for the herb garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The direction a path takes can add interest. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. an herb garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. while adding to the enclosure of the area. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. This hedge. a cutting garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. Other paths are brick. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. and a vegetable garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . a running bond pattern. as is true here in the vegetable garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden.
Landscape Architect.A. A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. .L.
clary 46. germander 39. 53.Allium schoenoprasum. lavender 18.Helleborus niger. Achillea taygetea.Stachys byzantina. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Louise'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Stokesia laevis. white 'Bouquet'.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. 47. statice Solemacher'. French tarragon 8. sweet 51. cottage pink French'. blue 27.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. York-andLancaster rose 16.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Satureja montana.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. bush basil 41. verbena rose chive 11. summer 34. Anethum graveolens 23.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. yellow 24. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. 52. 32.Polystichum acrostichoides.Petroselinum crispum var. 22. lemon 29.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Allium christophii.Ocimum basilicum 54.Aloysia triphylla. sativa. Campanula persicifolia. Dictamnus albus. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. dill wishbone flower 5.Origanum heracleoticum. French thyme 7. 37. 50. Aquilegia chrysantha.Origanum majorana.Ribes alpinum. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. pale 28.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Salvia sclarea. helenium 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Limonium latifolium.The number in each planting area is the key number. Rosmarinus officinalis. candytuft Standard'. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Lilium candidum. 14. Christmas 48. plantain lily 2. winter savory 44.Hemerocallis × luteola.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Magnolia virginiana. lemon thyme 40. 1. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. alpine strawberry 3. Stokes' aster 31. lamb's-ears 49.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. blue hyssop 43.Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis. yellow 35.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Satureja hortensis. sweet marjoram 45.Chrysanthemum × superbum. starsMaxima'. yellow epimedium 15. blue iris 9.Salvia officinalis. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. double white peony of-Persia 12.Galium odoratum. green santolina 42.Digitalis grandiflora.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 56.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Santolina virens. fraxinella 26.Pelargonium in variety.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. 55. purple basil Japanese holly 17.
it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. While serving as a soil retainer. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. < previous page page_32 next page > . The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. as in this case. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden.
yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.R. 1.A.A. 21. borage 26.Allium schoenoprasum. Melissa officinalis. lemon 22.Iris pseudacorus. spearmint 41.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Stachys byzantina. F. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Tanacetum vulgare var. bee balm 24. English 44.Aloysia triphylla. Ocimum basilicum.Iris cristata. Landscape Architect.Solanum pseudocapsicum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 42. Monarda didyma. lady's43. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Mentha spicata.45. lemon verbena 46. crispum.Alchemilla vulgaris. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Borago officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 23. lamb's25. .Galium odoratum.Viola odorata. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus.
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. southernwood 31. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Mentha × piperita var. pineapple38. Greek 53. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Elaeagnus pungens. myrtle 58.Allium sativum. 37.Allium ampeloprasum. wild 39. 57. clove 55.Vinca minor. Porrum Group.Satureja hortensis. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia elegans. savory sativa. post crispum 'Banquet'.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. garlic chive 48. flowering dogwood 15. Egyptian onion 11.Dianthus caryophyllus.Mentha pulegium.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Petroselinum crispum var. mullein chive 47.Rosa × rehderana. salad burnet 10. pink hawthorn 16. dill 34.Cornus florida.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. curly parsley oak 17.Nepeta cataria. fennel 35. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. rosemary 9.Capsicum frutescens. absinthe English thyme 27.Origanum heracleoticum. 33.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Ajuga reptans. leek 49. tabasco senna pepper 20. 52.Ruta graveolens.Verbascum thapsus. horehound neapolitanum.Allium cepa. Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare.Crataegus arkansana. polyantha rose 12. 56.Artemisia abrotanum.Petroselinum crispum var.Anethum graveolens. Proliferum Group.Origanum majorana. catnip 50. citrata. French tarragon holly 13.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia absinthium. orange mint 29. 40. carpet bugleweed 8. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . rue 51.Cassia marilandica. sweet marjoram 28.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia officinalis.Allium tuberosum. curly mint 30.7.Quercus stellata. summer 32. garden sage 36. pennyroyal 54.
A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. mothproofing bags. and vinegars. However. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. sleep pillows. Although this is a northeast exposure. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. < previous page page_34 next page > .< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered.
Wilcox. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.
sativa. Lactuca. lemon 31. lemon 18. garden 'Purpurascens'. Roman 20. chive 43.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Allium moly. daylily in variety 41. tansy 16.Tsuga canadensis.Allium sativum var.Agastache foeniculum. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. English finger-bowl geranium 38. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. pot 28. Ruta graveolens. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Galium odoratum. winter 29. purple basil sage 11.Salvia oficinalis. balm valerian 15.Pelargonium fragrans. bee balm 30.Allium schoenoprasum. Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 10.Salvia elegans. lavender 7. florentina.Melissa officinalis.Allium pulchellum 47. 49. anise hyssop 14. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Iris × germanica var. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . 'Monge'. round-headed garlic 46.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. burnet lovage 6. lettuce in variety 25. lemon verbena 36. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Tanacetum vulgare. Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue hyssop 35. orris 17.Thuja occidentalis.Satureja montana. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. 1.Hyssopus officinalis .Levisticum officinale.Hemerocallis. lilac 32.Monarda didyma. garden sage 2.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Tropaeolum minus.Alchemilla vulgaris. Petroselinum crispum var. lily leek 44.Aloysia triphylla. salad 22. nutmeg geranium 39.Pelargonium × limoneum. 50.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. Thymus × citriodorus. costmary 5. 23.Rosmarinus officinalis. bay 48. rue 26.Pelargonium tomentosum.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis. 19.Mentha spicata.Allium cepa. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Pelargonium graveolens. Proliferum Group.Calendula officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. 21. American rosemary arborvitae 34. Egyptian onion 42. Hallock'.Allium sphaerocephalum. dwarf nasturtium 37. southernwood 9. 'President Poincare'.Ocimum basilicum 27.Artemisia abrotanum. peppermint geranium 40. 24. crispum.Valeriana officinalis.Rumex scutatus. Artemisia pontica.Artemisia dracunculus var.
< previous page page_36 next page > .< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A simple knot. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Invasive.
Foeniculum vulgare.Sempervivum tectorum. fennel 25. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Satureja montana 'Nana'. salad burnet 23. Valeriana officinalis.Satureja hortensis. valerian 5. foxglove 4. sativa.Salvia elegans. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. French tarragon 44.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pineapplescented sage 47. 1. golden thyme .Thymus 'Clear Gold'. thyme 3. white thrift 24.Monarda didyma.Armeria maritima. bee balm 26. horehound 46. houseleek 45. Digitalis purpurea. summer savory 43. dwarf winter savory 2.Artemisia dracunculus var. pineapple mint 22.Poterium sanguisorba.Marrubium vulgare.
dwarf edging box 21. 54. rosemary 28.Levisticum officinale. Salvia sclarea.Laurus nobilis. clary 48.Crocus sativus. parthenium. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. Madonna cicely lily 12. French'. sweet basil sage 27.Galium odoratum.Anemone pulsatilla. viper's 34. arcticus 55.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 32.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus orientalis. annual clary 51. blue hyssop 57. fraxinella 8. yellow 41. 61. garden 42. 40.Salvia officinalis.Salvia viridis. marigold chive 15. 30.Helleborus niger. skirret 60. Isatis tinctoria.Artemisia absinthium. feverfew climbing rose 16. dyer's woad 7.6. absinthe 53. Angelica archangelica.Rosmarinus officinalis.Echium vulgare.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Agrimonia eupatoria. sweet 37. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. white 58.Sium sisarum. pink 59. pink 62. China rose comfrey 19.Ocimum basilicum. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Galium verum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. white creeping thyme aconite 14. winter bugloss 'Albus'. sweet 50.Ruta graveolens. 39.Lilium candidum.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Alchemilla vulgaris.Myrrhis odorata.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. 33. Dictamnus albus. 38.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. lavender Christmas rose 11.Foeniculum vulgare. angelica Lenten rose 10.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Origanum majorana.Symphytum officinale. germander 56.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa chinensis.Chrysanthemum 36.Eranthis hyemalis. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Rosa eglanteria.Hyssopus officinalis. English 52.Calendula officinalis.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Teucrium chamaedrys. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . rue 31. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. pot 35.
Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Carya ovata. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. even though space is limited. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and the shagbark hickory. However. There is variety in this plan. < previous page page_38 next page > . The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal.
Paxton. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.
jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. box Buxus sempervirens. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. box Ruta graveolens. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. rue Cornusflorida. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. germander Agastache foeniculum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Galium verum. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. dogwood Salvia sclarea. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. citrata. valerian Rosa damascena. stewardsonii. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. French Galium odoratum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. green santolina Primula veris. Poterium sanguisorba. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. red mint . fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis.Arisaema triphyllum. flax Buxus sempervirens. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. Adiantum pedatum. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. Artemisia absinthium. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. bee balm Melissa officinalis. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. angelica Mondarda didyma. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. sativa. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet basil Satureja montana. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. Canada Isatis tinctoria. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. Aloysia triphylla. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Marrubium vulgare. chive Ilex opaca. box Carya ovata. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. borage Petroselinum crispum. lamb's. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. Asarum canadense.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. An informal. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. this excavation. unplanned look was desired. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. a dipping pool there. < previous page page_40 next page > . The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. too. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A clump of birch here. However. A singular statue of St. For this appearance. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. it is open on the side facing the house.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. is on a sandy knoll.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 53. thrift55.Betula papyrifera.Santolina florentina.Chrysanthemum balsamita. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. marsh 42. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Poterium sanguisorba. bee balm . horehound mallow foxglove 16. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Mentha × piperita. 38.Salvia elegans.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Pelargonium crispum. chive crispum. sea onion angelica 24. 60. 31. blue 2.Convallaria majalis.Urginea maritima. creeping juniper 26.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis.Monarda fistulosa. garden sage lungwort 57. 'Prostratus'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 33. orange geranium 11. 32. 61.Myrrhis odorata. pineapple3. purple basil 9.Mentha × gentilis. 74. sweet 71. feverfew 27. gray scented sage santolina 4. 58.Tanacetum vulgare var. catnip 73.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha suaveolens. 64.Chrysanthemum 80.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Origanum vulgare.Vinca minor.Althaea officinalis. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. French'. 67. celandine cicely 18. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. 12. 52. 76.Anethum graveolens. 59. 72.Origanum majorana.Coriandrum sativum. Sempervivum tectorum.Glechoma hederacea.Petroselinum crispum. red mint 48. 78. 30. 1.Valeriana officinalis. wild 43.Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Consolida orientalis.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Satureja hortensis. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Stachys byzantina. Thymus praecox subsp. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. white birch English lavender parthenium.Pelargonium graveolens. rue 29.Angelica archangelica. Ruta graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum. 70. 63. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. orris chamaecyparissus.Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata. woolly thyme 13. lemon balm 44.Allium favum lovage 22.Armeria maritima.Chelidonium majus.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja montana. 34.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. myrtle 14. mint 50. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. wild 51. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 69. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 36.Marrubium vulgare.Ajuga reptans.Monarda didyma.Pelargonium tomentosum. rose bergamot valerian 25.Pelargonium quercifolium.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. Thymus × citriodorus.Ocimum basilicum.Pelargonium denticulatum. 79.Teucrium canadense.Achillea tomentosa. 8. golden 37. Iris × germanica var.Anthriscus cerefolium.Digitalis purpurea. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Mentha pulegium. spearmint 45.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. pennyroyal 46. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Melissa officinalis. 75.Salvia officinalis.Rosa 'Merry England'. apple mint 49. lemon 35.Nepeta cataria.Thymus herba-barona.Origanum onites. Johnny-jump-up54. pot 66. 68. peppermint 47.Digitalis grandiflora. fern-leaf tansy 23. 77.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 65.Levisticum officinale. rose geranium 10. winter savory 20.
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Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. making it more a part of the herb garden. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Foundation stone. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Because of the edging box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. is used for the wall. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. the accents of the six large box. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. and the two small trees. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. < previous page page_42 next page > . the same as the smokehouse construction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist.
L.A. Landscape Architect.S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. . A.
Pelargonium graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum. 22.Chrysanthemum 28. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Crocus. Rosmarinus officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Asarum europaeum. 47. white 23.Artemisia frigida.Galium odoratum. 31.Mentha requienii. sweet marjoram 2. Symphytum officinale.Mentha × piperita. dwarf edging box 14.Angelica archangelica. 40. lemon basil 15. bee balm 29.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. purple basil sativa. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Lilium candidum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 35. balm citrata.Myrrhis odorata. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 1. Origanum majorana. 21.Ocimum basilicum. lovage 46.Mentha × piperita var.Satureja montana. rosemary 3.Ocimum basilicum 32. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Lavandula angustifolia. species in variety crispum. lady's.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Ocimum basilicum 24. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Ocimum basilicum 30. Corsican 33.Aloysia triphylla. fringed 43. fraxinella 17. lemon 34. lemon 36. box 'Citriodorum'. sweet 26. pineapple mint 18. Satureja hortensis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Fritillaria imperialis.Prunus domestica. verbena English thyme 5.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. crownbasil savory imperial 11. 27. winter 42. 44.Melissa officinalis. 39.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Pulmonaria officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Viola tricolor. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. Dictamnus albus.Allium giganteum. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. European ginger 4.Allium schoenoprasum. 'Purpurascens'. sweet 37. spearmint 48. sweet cicely45. orange mint 19. English 'Minimum'.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var. blue angelica lungwort 20.Levisticum officinale. balsamita.Buxus sempervirens. 41. summer 25.Crataegus laevigata.Mentha spicata.38.
Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. too. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. This hedge. the dwarf box edging. Lowgrowing. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. a soil retainer. although it is ample at four feet. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. This is true also of the stone curbing. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. pink of Dianthus. The dipping bowl. < previous page page_44 next page > . creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Instead. two specimen shrubs. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered.
S.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. A. .L. Landscape Architect.
51. Salvia officinalis.Salvia sclarea. clary 32.Allium christophii. 1. 43. 46.Hamamelis virginiana. borage 31. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. rue25. golden thyme41. spearmint 48. lemon 60. black cohosh windflower 15. thyme 29. catmint 35.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Allium giganteum angelica 11. Thymus doerfleri. Stachys byzantina. 49. 45.Crocus speciosus.Aloysia triphylla. 58. Thymus praecox subsp.Crocus tomasinianus.Crocus kotschyanus.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Narcissus triandrus var.Helleborus niger.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. sweet 47. 61.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Thymus × citriodorus.Levisticum officinale. 2. white 42. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. gray 22. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Angelica archangelica. 44. lily.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 27. arcticus 34. caraway thyme albus.Satureja montana. winter savory 39. marjoram crocus 7. 53. lemon 33. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus herba-barona. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Pelargonium in variety.Santolina virens. Spanish bluebell 16.Tulipa clusiana.Borago officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. 36. Compactus'.Mentha × piperita. arcticus 30.Convallaria majalis. orange mint 8. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. sweet 55.Narcissus asturiensis. 'Lanuginosus'. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Anemone blanda. 26. 20.Nepeta mussinii.Sternbergia lutea.The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium odoratum.Mentha × piperita var. American 38. lamb's-ears 28. 56. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Mentha spicata.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. angel's-tears 59. 50.Digitalis grandiflora.Pelargonium in variety. 52. verbena snowflake 19. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.57. white creeping thyme lovage 10. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. prostrate rosemary 18. Origanum majorana. tulip citrata.Galanthus nivalis. 17.Lilium candidum.Dicentra spectabilis. Madonna 63.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Teucrium canadense. green santolina 37. 40.Cimicifuga racemosa. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Mertensia virginica.Crocus angustifolius. 54.Leucojum aestivum.Myrica pensylvanica.Heliotropium arborescens.Helleborus lividus subsp. angustifolia 'Nana'.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.
The results have been most satisfying. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . this herb garden was designed before the house was built. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Second. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Morning sun warms it early. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. First. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house.
1.Allium neapolitanum. marigold 41. A. English thyme 43. absinthe sativa.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. .Artemisia lactiflora. Porrum Group. Thymus × citriodorus.Apium graveolens. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. tulip 45. 25. crocus 44. sweet basil 23. garden sage 4. woolly thyme 3.Crocus sieberi.Salvia officinalis.Allium ampeloprasum. Ocimum basilicum. 26.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.Tulipa tarda. Thymus praecox subsp. Beauty'. Origanum heracleoticum. Landscape Architect. lemon 21. wild celery 42.Salvia sclarea. The number in each planting area is the key number.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Artemisia dracunculus var. clary thyme 22.L.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. French tarragon 5. leek 46. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Artemisia absinthium 24.S. 'Lambrook Silver'.A.
Dianthus × allwoodii. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Achillea filipendula 60. 54.Crataegus phaenopyrum.foxglove 7.Dictamnus albus. clematis 11.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum var. alpine 28.Ipomoea alba.Ribes sativum. Lavandula angustifolia. blue 38.Lobelia siphilitica. lobelia Sherbert'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Nepeta × faassenii. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Artemisia camphorata.Stachys byzantina.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Allium senescens var. butterfly 47.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. red currant gray santolina 13. weed chive 48.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. sweet 37.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lemon 50.Ilex opaca.Allium schoenoprasum.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. white evergreen azalea 16. lovage 34. monkshood upright yew 17. lamb's-ears 52. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Santolina virens. American marjoram Yellow'.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. catmint 53.Rosmarinus officinalis. pink 30. curly parsley 20.Levisticum officinale.Santolina chamaecyparissus. great 31.Tropaeolum minus. dogwood 19. fraxinella 36.Digitalis grandiflora.Cornus florida.Clematis 'Mrs.Galium mollugo. pale 49.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Asclepias tuberosa. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. viola holly 18. 29.Aconitum napellus.Hyssopus officinalis. Robert verbena Brydon'. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. 32.Origanum majorana. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Malus hupehensis. Viola odorata. green 40. 8. yellow 55. 56. 58. American elderberry 15. 39.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
Well-drained as they are. repeats again the octagonal form. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. are raised with bricks on edge.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. even though the growing area is not extensive. The four herb beds. A birdbath of copper. an impression of Sol in it. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
42.Heliotropium arborescens.Santolina 25.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha spicata. catmint 6. lavender 15.Salvia officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula angustifolia. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. 28. Artemisia absinthium. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . prostrate rosemary 34. clary 21. French tarragon 7.Petroselinum crispum var. angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus. white creeping thyme 12.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. lamb's-ears 17. 16. orange santolina geranium 11.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Nepeta mussinii. absinthe 20. sweet basil 22.Mentha × piperita. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Galium odoratum. Artemisia abrotanum. curly parsley 32.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. curly mint 3. 27.Pelargonium graveolens.Ruta graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clove pink 10.Pelargonium crispum. thyme salad burnet 40. lemon 39. Artemisia dracunculus var. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. bush basil 23.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. rue 35. 1. Anethum graveolens.Salvia sclarea.Allium schoenoprasum. peppermint 4. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Joan E.Marrubium vulgare. 43. 19.Allium tuberosum. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. crispum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum. golden variegated garden sage 38.Lavandula dentata. purple variegated garden sage 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon 41. lemon 30. English thyme horehound 2. Stachys byzantina. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. sativa. variegated garden sage 37. dill 18. Semple. sweet woodruff 9. silver mound artemisia 8. spearmint southernwood 5. 29. purple basil 24. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Pelargonium denticulatum. rosemary 33. French 26. heliotrope 31.
< previous page page_52 next page > . This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. rose geranium. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose. A suitable fence. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. a toolhouse. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. too. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. A birdbath may replace the pool. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. lemon verbena. and lantana are a few. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. if neither is available. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Pelargonium × blandfordianum. Thymus praecox subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis. woolly thyme 15.A.Artemisia absinthium 11. lavender 3. gray santolina chamomile 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus. geranium 16.L. zonal geranium 19. crispum. white creeping thyme 2. 13.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. lemon 10. rosescented geranium 17. fern-leaf tansy 8.Heliotropium arborescens.Santolina virens.Origanum majorana. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. The number in each planting area is the key number. bush basil 5. arcticus 'Albus'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Thymus × citriodorus.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. green 12.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. absinthe 'Minimum'. sweet santolina marjoram 6. heliotrope 21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon thyme 20. Landscape Architect.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Chenopodium botrys. 7.Pelargonium frutetorum.S. A. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. verbena ambrosia 4.Chamaemelum nobile. zonal geranium 18. 1. 9.Tanacetum vulgare var.
It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. The dwarf box frames the focal point. These can easily obliterate a design. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. artemisias. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. a sundial. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. but the design itself has endured forty years. mints. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Box and holly enclose it all. box. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. As the snows melt. the design is clearly traced. apothecary's rose. a deep mauve to others. Angelica. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Hyssop hedges define the circles.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Buxus sempervirens.30. green santolina 24. weld 54. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. winter savory 32.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia camphorata. valerian 6.Astrantia major. marjoram lungwort crispum. clove pink 29. Canadian burnet 13. Dianthus caryophyllus. Santolina virens.Taxus. skirret 53. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Thymus praecox subsp.Iris × germanica var. perilla 51. masterwort 69.Helleborus atrorubens 12. germander 43. arcticus 38. 48.Paeonia officinalis. orris 57. southernwood 2. 62. 58. grape fennel 19.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. gray 37. thrift 41. lady's-mantle 46.Symphytum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis.Alchemilla alpina. butterfly weed35.Armeria maritima. Tropaeolum majus.Allium schoenoprasum.Perillafrutescens. Chamaemelum nobile. rue 23. green. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . nasturtium 28. 'Albus'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Artemisia absinthium. Satureja montana. yew Beauty'.Asarum europaeum. wild 52. 26. sweet 27.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Melissa officinalis.James D.Galium odoratum. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Sempervivum tectorum.Asclepias tuberosa. florentina.Helleborus niger.Pulmonaria officinalis.Valeriana officinalis. arcticus 40.Helleborus orientalis.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Pyrus communis.Monarda fistulosa.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia. lilac 70.Lavandula dentata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. fern-leaf tansy 5. rosemary 25.Thymus praecox subsp. daffodil 17.Alchemilla vulgaris. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Reseda luteola. scented. white 66.Lilium candidum.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. 67. white creeping thyme French'.Sedum telephium. 56. bush basil nettle orpine 4.63. alpine 60. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. arcticus 39. white dead 49.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue 50. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Arisaema dracontium. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Tanacetum vulgare var.Foeniculum vulgare. lamb's-ears 33.Syringa. Origanum majorana. bronze 64. 1. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 65. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. dwarf edging box 21. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Vitis.Santolina neapolitana 36.Sium sisarum.Teucrium chamaedrys. dyer's woad 9. piney 44.Myrrhis odorata. feverfew 14. sweet woodruff45.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lamium album.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. crimson creeping thyme 18. blue hyssop 42. 55. Graham. sweet European ginger cicely 3. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. Pelargonium in variety. 59.47. absinthe 34. orris box 22.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Isatis tinctoria. chamomile 31.Origanum onites.
The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. However. The large. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. The brick edging around each bed is a help. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. If there is room for only one rambler rose. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. include this one.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. but no panacea for the maintenance required. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. < previous page page_56 next page > ." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. At the top of the steps. pink. rising from the courtyard. with buds of red. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. They are small specialty beds. Rosa 'Albertine'. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. In addition to the brick edging around each. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden.
1.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Tanacetum vulgare.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Thymus × citriodorus. caraway 24.Borago officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia. lavender 4. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. winter savory 41.Rheum rhabarbarum. English thyme . garden sage 40. alpine strawberry 3.Melissa officinalis. tansy Bois'. foxglove 39. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Angelica archangelica. bush basil 43.Satureja montana. Carum carvi.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. angelica 20. subsp. 22. 23.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. rhubarb 2. lemon balm 42.
rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. Hyssopus officinalis.R. French 33.R. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.'Baronne Prevost'.Laurus nobilis. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Calendula officinalis. prostrate rosemary 16.Tagetes filifolia.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Anethum graveolens 47. 36.Mentha × piperita var.Lavandula dentata. Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Chenopodium 55. centifolia var. clove pink Mammoth'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. 35. 49.R. silver 27. centifolia 'Cristata'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Salvia elegans.Teucrium chamaedrys. citrata. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. muscosa 15. Irish-lace 48. French'.R. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . musk rose 12. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. 31. Mexican tea 18. salad 7. rose 28. lemon 51. marguerite chive 9.Origanum majorana. cheddar pink 53.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Aloysia triphylla. var.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.R. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. bourbon rose 10. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Dianthus Victoria'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. 29.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.sativa. 54.Pelargonium. sweet 37. curly parsley 26.Chrysanthemum 46.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Allium schoenoprasum. 56. Consolida ambigua. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. centifolia.R. pot 50. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. geranium in 30.6.Chrysanthemum.R. 45. pineapple34.Marrubium vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba.Chrysanthemum balsamita. blue hyssop 25. thyme frutescens.Artemisia dracunculus 44. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.'Albertine'.
Beautifully precise and symmetrical. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. < previous page page_58 next page > . and the access to it is surfaced with brick. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Laid in an unusual pattern. too. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. as it should be. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Balance is augmented. It is near the house.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. Landscape Architect.Origanum majorana.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Thymus praecox subsp. blue hyssop 13. white creeping thyme 4. sweet basil 14. 1. 19. 16. santolina moss rose 7.S. A.Hyssopus officinalis. 21. English thyme signet marigold 11. 20. Rosmarinus officinalis.L. gray 15.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. green 22. English'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Heliotropium arborescens.Salvia officinalis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. arcticus 'Albus'.A.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Poterium sanguisorba. chive lemon verbena 6. 24. dwarf edging box 8.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Ocimum basilicum.Allium schoenoprasum.Anethum graveolens. 17.Myosotis sylvatica.Satureja hortensis.Aloysia triphylla. The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . lavender 2. double white peony 5. rosemary yellow viola 10. 23.Santolina virens. heliotrope 3.Lucile Teeter Kissack. dill 9.
A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and the grape arbor. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. potted lemon verbena. and a comfortable. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The grape vines. winter pruned. too. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. Herbs. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. < previous page page_60 next page > .< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. the fence with roses. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Valeriana officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. purple variegated garden sage 4. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Nepeta mussinii. Stachys byzantina. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. BED II germander BED IV 2. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. conical yew rosemary 1. Althaea officinalis. Galium odoratum. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. 3. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. lemon Linum perenne. three. Teucrium chamaedrys. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Iris cristata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Connecticut Vera Breed. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. marsh climbing rose. Aloysia triphylla.
Thymus × citriodorus. Chamaemelum nobile. angustifolia 'Munstead'. houseleek in variety 7. Sempervivum. fairy rose Giant'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. beach Marrubium vulgare. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . creeping thyme in variety 8. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Rosmarinus officinalis. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. lavender 10. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Delphinium × belladonna. plume Baptisia australis. Thymus. lemon Anemone hybrida. lemon thyme 9. catmint 5. tuberosa 6.
the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. myrtle. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. if desired. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. its detail is shown below. Either it flourished too well. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. this was replaced with ''edging" box. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. blue green. and bright green in the herb beds.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Ivy. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. holly. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Another angle could be tried with these. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. tend to broaden the width of the garden. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Later. grew too large. planted in bands across these beds. Herbs. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. silver. magnolia.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
Thymus doerfleri.19. borage 26.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. woolly thyme 8. thyme 38. dwarf 21. sweet woodruff 36. sweet 34.Thymus carnosus.Poterium sanguisorba. English thyme chamomile 2. English ivy burnet 10. Ocimum basilicum 24. lemon 46.Myrica pensylvanica.Ilex opaca.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia abrotanum.Teucrium chamaedrys. 28. Tropaeolum minus. box chamaecyparissus.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. 33.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare.Buxus sempervirens 14. arcticus 'Albus'. dwarf edging box 11.Artemisia dracunculus var. ears rose geranium 3.Vinca minor. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. American holly 31. 1. caraway thyme 40. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus herba-barona. lamb's.Levisticum officinale. lemon 29.Melissa officinalis. Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja montana. Ruta graveolens. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium fragrans.Chamaemelum nobile. 44.Mentha spicata.Magnolia grandiflora.Monarda didyma. bay rosemary 12. purple basil savory 35. 6. tansy 45.Mentha suaveolens. myrtle 47. lovage 48. white creeping thyme 41. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Rumex scutatus. winter 'Purpurascens'. silver-king artemisia 23.Artemisia ludoviciana var. bee balm30.Marrubium vulgare. Borago officinalis. spearmint 42. horehound germander 17. lime geranium 4.Thymus 'Argenteus'. English'. bush basil albula.Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum majorana. 49.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. gray santolina 15.Rosmarinus officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. bayberry balm thyme 13. 25.Pelargonium × nervosum. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. thyme 37.Laurus nobilis. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Thymus praecox subsp. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. Ocimum basilicum 22. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. rue 20. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Hedera helix. 'Minimum'. French thyme 39. French 27. purple garden sage 7. salad 43.
too. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. maypoles. standards. < previous page page_64 next page > . brick. It is located for the best viewing. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. Laurus nobilis. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. potted shrubs. and treessome of which are espaliered. The use of flagstone. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. It is a large garden. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. There is variety in the walks. too. accent this prime focal point even more. The four potted bay. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. adding to the space for walking. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries.
P.P. 1. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon 29. 25. pot 52.Chenopodium botrys.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. musty oakscented geranium 5.50.odoratissimum.Nigella damascena.Viola tricolor. wild 28. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Thymus × citriodorus.P. Johnny-jump.Calendula officinalis. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.P. fragrans. 26.Chrysanthemum balsamita. winter 27. Satureja montana. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .acerifolium. 51.53. 49.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. love-in.P.quercifolium.
box 19. rose geranium66. lettuce 39.Allium schoenoprasum.Malus. garden sage 54. French tarragon Rose'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P.Origanum dictamnus.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P.Mentha. 61. salad 42. Hyssopus officinalis. lemon balm 45.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. English lavender 32. bay 20. strawberry 48.Poncirus trifoliata. lemon 47. radens 'Dr. pheasant's. denticulatum 11.Acorus calamus. tomentosum. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Salvia caerulea. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Achilleafilipendula.P. crowfoot 70. bronze 38.Foeniculum vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. golden lemon thyme 7. lemon southernwood geranium 34.P. rosemary 9. bee balm 63.Pelargonium crispum. horehound 46. lemon 65.Forsythia.Thymus praecox subsp.P. forsythia 'Albus'. cherry tomato chive 17. classic 21.× nervosum. crispum.P. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. lemon geranium 33.P. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon-rose geranium 22.72. graveolens. 58.Lavandula angustifolia. peppermint 67. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .P.P.Tanacetum vulgare var.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium senescens var.Artemisia dracunculus var. denticulatum. parsley 35. crispum 'Minor'. white creeping thyme geranium 68. pine crispum.Livingston'.P. 41.P.P. sweet 37.Myrtus communis. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Viola odorata. 57. chamomile 8.Mentha pulegium.6. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Melissa officinalis.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. glutinosum. fern-leaf 60.Laurus nobilis.P.Origanum majorana. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. 44. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lettuce 40. dill 36. radens. Chamaemelum nobile.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum.Fragaria vesca. camphor-scented geranium 69. lime geranium 55. 71. blue hyssop 10. orange geranium 23. arcticus43.Salvia officinalis. 64.Anethum graveolens. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Marrubium vulgare. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Malus angustifolia.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. 62.Levisticum officinale.Thymus serpyllum. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. lemon geranium 56. wild thyme 31.Monarda didyma. sweet flag 16.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.
too. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. This is a large garden by any standard. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. and Allium karataviense. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. In keeping with this feeling. green santolina. < previous page page_66 next page > . It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
fringed 7.Salvia officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. apple mint 13. 15. arcticus. big blue lilyturf 12. lemon 11. wormwood fennel 2.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. blue hyssop 16.Allium christophii. 1.Allium moly. Baker. Artemisia dracunculus var. green santolina 14. French tarragon schoenoprasum. dwarf garden 17.Thymus × citriodorus. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Artemisia frigida. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Allium sativa.Liriope muscari.Florence B. Santolina virens.Satureja montana. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 18. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Mentha suaveolens.Thymus praecox subsp. chive 4.Salvia officinalis. 8.Foeniculum vulgare.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray 10.Levisticum officinale. winter savory 9.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
the upper deck. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. < previous page page_70 next page > . and for the lavender when its bloom is past.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. for the box after new spring growth. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. the square. the circle. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. and the front porch of the house. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Many herb gardens could provide this.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. lavender 5. viola 3.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lemon 8.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. dwarf edging box 7.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. Italian cypress 9. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .The number in each planting area is the key number.Cupressus sempervirens.Satureja montana. dwarf myrtle 6. 1. winter savory 4.Chamaemelum nobile.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. chamomile 2.Cedrus deodara.
Roses. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. as it was with this plan. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. from Peter Coats. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Paths are gravel. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Coin with Tudor rose design.." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Poterium sanguisorba.Fragaria vesca. pot marigold 15. Chamaemelum nobile. winter 32.Lactuca sativa. caraway 35. saffron lily crocus 12. spearmint 30.Melissa officinalis. 25. English daisy 36. classic myrtle 18. Foeniculum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. parsley 29. salad burnet 10. chamomile 4. blue hyssop 2.Aconitum napellus. earth 24. Malva sylvestris. Madonna 23. lettuce 28. sweet marjoram 3.Crithmum maritimum.Viola tricolor. yellow flag 26. rue 33.Calendula officinalis.Primula vulgaris. Dianthus caryophyllus.Bellis perennis.Mentha × piperita.Rosmarinus officinalis. monkshood27.Lilium candidum. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. Origanum majorana. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Ruta graveolens. 34. 22. absinthe peppermint 8. Eryngium maritimum. fennel 21.Myrtus communis.Crocus sativus. mallow 13.Petroselinum crispum. clove20. Thymus serpyllum. 1.Anemone pulsatilla. rosemary 16. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Viola odorata.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Fumaria officinalis. 19.Iris pseudacorus.Primula elatior. sweet violet 6. wild thyme 5.Buxus sempervirens. Hyssopus officinalis. lemon balm 31.Carum carvi.Satureja montana. oxlip 17.
white. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. white blooms and woolly. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . but Always Love. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. silver mound. most of the blooms are nightscented. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. its tufted. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. However. plumed." Concrete blocks. spurred. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Selected for this reason. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. along with a measure of fragrance.
17. sweet 31. petunia 30. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Lilium candidum. white 32.Galanthus nivalis. Stachys byzantina. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. 1.Galium odoratum. horehound 2.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. pink 15. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Marrubiam vulgare. lamb's.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. silver 16. Santolina chamaecyparissus. silver mound artemisia 3.Dictamnus albus. 'Albus'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. white .19.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.
Artemisia absinthium.21.Matthiola incana. moonflower 39.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. rose 41. lavender 12. rose 40. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. Adam's.Artemisia stellerana.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. Yucca filamentosa. tulip 37. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. albula.Chrysanthemum parthenium. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . clary 24. white 22. needle florentina.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. dame's honesty rocket 14.Polianthes tuberosa. white 27.Lunaria annua. daffodil 35.Iris × germanica var.Hesperis matronalis.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. orris 8. tuberose 36. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Artemisia ludoviciana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet violet 20. 26. 23. Viola odorata. Artemisia lactiflora.Salvia sclarea. 28.Malus 'Guiding Star'. tulip 38.6.Ipomoea alba.Convallaria majalis. western mugwort 7.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. white stock absinthe 10. 25.Rosa 'Cinderella'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.
and fragrances usually considered characteristic.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. required their use as an educational adjunct. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Many of these herbs lack the hues. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. This herb garden. related to an old mill reconstruction. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. textures. < previous page page_76 next page > . too. Rather. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Berberis vulgaris. sumac poke 17.Tagetes patula.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. flax 21. bee 36.Solidago species. 32. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. blueberry 13. dyer's broom safflower 6. golden 40.46. lily.Morus rubra or alba.Phytolacca americana. 22. black-eyed 50. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Convallaria majalis. ramie 24. French 33. Gossypium hirsutum.Prunus persica. Linum usitatissimum.Viburnum acerifolium.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Cladrastis lutea. madder 54. goldthread 41. alkanet 52. fuller's 30. Hibiscus cannabinus.Parmelia conspersa. 23.Galium verum.Isatis tinctoria.Dipsacus sativus.Genista germanica. saffron crocus marguerite 3. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. peach bracken sorrel 19. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Indigofera tinctoria. sisal 27.Sanguinaria canadensis. sweet 49. 28. 29. barberry teasel woodruff 12. Agave fourcroydes. broad 42.Hydrastis canadensis. 48.38. 53. stinging nettle44. 1. St.Coptis trifolia. Agave sisalana.Allium cepa. woad Susan laevifolium.Reseda luteola. African 45.Coreopsis tinctoria.Tagetes erecta.Monarda didyma. 37. onion China jute 4. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. dyer's 31. 35.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Musa textilis. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Cytisus scoparius. weld 57. queen.Anthemis tinctoria.Agrimonia eupatoria. 47. Abutilon theophrasti.Crocus sativus. 26.Rumex obtusifolius. 20. garden 56.Rudbeckia hirta. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Sansevieria trifasciata. Manila 25. 34. Scotch broom hemp 7.Carthamus tinctorius. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Cotinus coggygria.Filipendula ulmaria.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Boehmeria nivea.Urtica dioica. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Anchusa officinalis.Genista tinctoria.Rubia tinctorum. 43.Rhus typhina. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.51. privet marigold 15. 39.Galium odoratum.Furcraea hexapetala.Pteridium aquilinum.Hypericum perforatum.Chelidonium majus..Rumex acetosa.Mahonia aquifolium.Ligustrum vulgare. yellow 55.
This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. < previous page page_78 next page > . There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Elsewhere. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. as well as the roses. A totally appealing edging. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'White Rose of York' 3. 22. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. rambler 19. 'Belle Amour' 6. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Queen of the Prairies'. rambler 20. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Mme. 1. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Mignonette' 5. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . cl. 25. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Legras de St. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Empress Josephine' 7. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 23. 18. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'American Pillar'. cl. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 24. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Sombreuil'. cl. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl.
but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. < previous page page_80 next page > . this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. Circles and angles provide interest. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
39.B. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. celery I 31. giant garlic var.Cichorium intybus. dulce 'Utah 5270'.B.B. leek 5.C. chive 42. 45.A. annuum 'Red Boy'. graveolens var. oleracea 'Green Parade'.A. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. annuum 'Pinocchio'.Apium graveolens var. tuberosum. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. cherry tomato 34. Boerner. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. graveolens var.B. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.A.A. shallot Lakes'. 25. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. C. 32. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.Solanum melongena var.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.B. 30. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. melongena 2. 26. Petroselinum crispum var. annuum 'Teno'.B.C. schoenoprasum.B. 22.A. C.A. graveolens 'French Dinant'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.A. red 38. celery Group. 29. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. red-flowered kale 6.A. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. celery Bed 9. annuum 'Variegata'. lycopersicum var. C.B. cepa Proliferum Group. curly eggplant parsley 23.B. oleracea 'Red Acre'. annuum 'Nosegay'. Beauty'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.C. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.A.L. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.S.B. annuum 'Black Prince'. 28. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. C. sprouts celery 8.S. 40. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. 48. dulce 50.sativa 'Ruby'. C. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.annuum 'Floral Gem'. white-flowered kale 49. annuum 'Golden Bell'. graveolens var. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. kohlrabi Rock'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. pear Purple Vienna'. crispum 'Banquet'.C. scorodoprasum. 24. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. C.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. annuum 'Fips'.C. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.C. 27. dulce 47. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.esculentum 'Long Black'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. annuum 'Mosaic'. melongena 1.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. eggplant 43. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. Capsicum annuum var. C.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. garlic chive 44. ruby swiss chard var. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. oleracea 'Prima'.L. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.B. red 37. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.
All of the circles. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. for each is a complete entity. When viewed from the terrace above. and golden thyme. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. winter savory. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. arcs. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
15. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. Landscape Architect. 1. P.P. Assoc. 29.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. tomentosum. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.A. maple-leaved 18. P. Livingston'. winter 13. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .Ilex glabra. lemon geranium 22. peppermint 26. germander crowfoot geranium 21. crispum. rose geranium 27.× nervosum. grossularioides.' lemon geranium 23. oak-leaved geranium 16. golden 11.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.L.P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.Myrica pensylvanica. The number in each planting area is the key number.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.P. odoratissimum. crispum 'French Lace. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Melissa R.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P. gooseberry geranium 24. apricot geranium28. Teucrium chamaedrys. scabrum.P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P. acerifolium. A. Santolina chamaecyparissus.S.P. graveolens.P.P. green 14.. orange geranium 8. Santolina virens. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. Marshall.P.P. radens 'Dr. lime geranium Rose'.P. 17. Satureja montana. 19. 12. × domesticum 6.P.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. rose-scented geranium 4. × nervosum 'Torento'. inkberry geranium 9.
Maintenance is high for a knot.Hyssopus officinalis. English lavender 2. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. For the knot to look its best at all times. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. was planted using edging box only. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. especially when it is blooming. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. blue hyssop 3. To ease the care for a more complicated design. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. or marble chips. such as a dwarf edging box. Its interspaces can be mulched.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. texture. .Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. sand. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. and growth to the plants of the knot design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. filled with plants that have contrasting color. which is framed with a brick edging. 1. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. on page 37. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. closed knot design.
gray santolina 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. green santolina 2. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf edging box 4. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . 1.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.
1.T.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. In another departure from the usual. 'Munstead'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. which are confined to that area. Some maintenance is required for clipping. Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Teucrium chamaedrys. white 7. creeping thymes. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.S. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. which is found more often out in the open. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. praecox subsp. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. variegated garden sage . Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. caraway thyme 9. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.Thymus praecox subsp. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. The knot material is maintained at six inches. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.T. herba-barona. lavender Japanese barberry 5. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. the height of the edging.officinalis 'Tricolor'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. fig 4.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. arcticus 'Albus'. purple variegated 11. 8. rosemary creeping thyme 2.
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Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Teucrium canadense. lavender . gray santolina 2. American germander 3. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. germander . Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. setting it off admirably.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.
Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
which are also laid on edge. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. again laid on edge. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. each one a quarter-circle. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. pleasing color. adding another facet to an appealing design. < previous page page_88 next page > . The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
fern-leaf yarrow 27.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. Russian sage 24.Salvia argentea.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Stachys byzantina.The number in each planting area is the key number. tree artemisia 26. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . silver sage 15. rue 21. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Anthemis marschalliana. lavender 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 16. golden marguerite 25.Leontopodium alpinum.Teucrium fruticans.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. gray santolina 2.Anthemis tinctoria.Artemisia arborescens.Salvia clevelandii.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Allium senescens var. curry plant 7. glaucum 11. silver thyme 6. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. lavender 9.Santolina neapolitana 10. 17.Lavandula dentata var. grenadin pink chamomile 4. French lavender 3. dwarf 12. tree germander 22.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. candicans. 18. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. blue sage 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver horehound 19. dwarf gray santolina 20.Artemisia frigida.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Marrubium incanum. woolly yarrow 23.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Crithmum maritimum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. samphire14.Helichrysum angustifolium. lavender 5.
Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. oregano. Styles of containers. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Some are rosemary. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. sweet marjoram. The color of the container plays a lesser role. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. and the savories. which include hanging baskets. thyme. basil. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. If one is familiar with herbs. are without number. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. lady's-mantle. As with other plant material. < previous page page_90 next page > .< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs.
It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance. as with this container herb garden.
visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained.L. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. < previous page page_95 next page > . The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.A. If children's interest is not sustained. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Of course supervision is necessary. LandscapeArchitect. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. However. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. A.S.
It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. they are easily handpicked. These are ''old roses. Instead of benches on the patio. < previous page page_96 next page > . It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Children in this age group can help with the construction.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. too." selected for their greater fragrance. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Just keep a garden design for children simple. A sundial can be fun and also educational. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance.
< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L. Landscape Architect.S. A. .A.
Marrubium vulgare.Petroselinum crispum var. ambrosia 2. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. garlic chive 29. cottage pink 18.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia camphorata. catnip 27.Origanum majorana. summer savory 22. 1. dyer's bush basil woad 9. borage 15.Allium sativum var. lovage 12. 16.Salvia officinalis. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Calendula officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. crispum.Rosa gallica.Allium senescens var. dwarf 6. love-in-a-mist 14. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. pot marigold 8. 19. neapolitanum.Nepeta cataria.Anethum graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja hortensis. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.rocambole 28. glaucum 31. Dianthus plumarius.Isatis tinctoria. garden sage 24. southernwood 5.Allium moly. Borago officinalis. English lavender 7.Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Petroselinum crispum var.Rosa damascena. dill pennyroyal 11.Chenopodium botrys. ophioscorodon. Levisticum officinale. Italian parsley 23. lily leek 30. English lavender 4. 20. Nigella damascena. clary 25. American 21.Allium tuberosum.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Salvia sclarea. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. damask rose 32.Tropaeolum minus.Hedeoma pulegioides. alpine strawberry 3. 13. horehound 26. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. The oval. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The sculptures. All are inviting to the touch. are a seal and a turtle. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. < previous page page_98 next page > .< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. not noted on the plan. previously used as a skating rink. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden.
F. .A.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R. Landscape Architect.
Trifolium pratense. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. marigold Salvia officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. fat-hen Primula veris. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. lousewort Viola canina. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. chive dandelion Allium sativum. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. English Tussilago farfara. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. Nepeta cataria. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . fleabane Stellaria. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. bee balm Satureja montana. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. Allium schoenoprasum. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile Mentha. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. mint Tagetes. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. duckweed Antennaria. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. Foeniculum vulgare. mint Galium odoratum. Greek Stachys byzantina. bee orchid Erigeron. borage Tanacetum vulgare. dog violet Lemna. winter savory Mentha. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. coltsfoot Mimulus. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. cowslip Linaria. tansy Monarda didyma. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. garlic Lavandula angustifolia.
and old barn beams another about the same height. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. for an old barn foundation of stone. are superb for displaying potted herbs. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. it is a most satisfying growing situation. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. developed particularly for study. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. A number of wooden window frames. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Still. feverfew. < previous page page_101 next page > . Here. Instead. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. Their height eases the task of weeding. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. a mint. its wooden structure long gone. an exceedingly long one. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Its plant list. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. An herb garden exposure is important in any location.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
purple variegated garden sage 85. × citriodorus. skirret 90. lemon verbena 106. alpine savory 89.Veronica serpyllifolia. golden variegated garden sage 86.Genista tinctoria.O.Poterium sanguisorba. winter savory 88.T 'Argenteus'. crispum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Tanacetum vulgare var. 42. Grecian 59. golden marjoram 26. herba-barona. St. 61.Acinos alpinus. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. abrotanum.Physalis heterophylla. rampion 81.T. mosquito plant 19. rose sativa. onites. wild lemon basil ginger 16. rosemary 82. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Roman 46.Angelica archangelica. woolly thyme 101.A. bee balm lovage 20.Agastache cana. golden thyme 98. fern-leaf tansy 95.Ranunculus ficaria. odorous thyme 104.O.Viola tricolor.Lychnis coronaria. garden sage 84. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.T. sweet cicely 94. basilicum 'Minimum'.Stachys grandifora 93.T. rue 83. golden lemon thyme 99.A. beach 47.Viola odorata. 'Purpurascens'. graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis.T.O.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Monarda didyma. sweet violet 40.Calamintha grandiflora. camphorata. nitidus. richardii subsp. yarrow herb Robert 4. 62. camphor.Calendula officinalis.T.49.A.Valeriana officinalis.P. viper's 65.-John'swort 91. 'Clear Gold'.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. pontica.T.Galium odoratum. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Pulmonaria officinalis. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. absinthium. creeping veronica .O. betony 92. 48. calamint valerian 24.Lavandula angustifolia. 44. 54.Althaea officinalis. absinthe 51. 45. 50. praecox subsp. pot marigold 25.Sempervivum tectorum. southernwood houseleek 12. arcticus 'Albus'. didyma 'Rosea'.Marrubium vulgare. angelica lemon geranium 5. bee balm57. pallasianus. pot marjoram bugloss 27. rose costmary campion 23.S. lemon 52.P.Ruta graveolens.P. lesser 67. apple wormwood geranium 8.Thymus praecox subsp.Stachys officinalis.Hypericum perforatum.Sium sisarum. arcticus 'Coccineus'. sweet 53. 1. pink 58. plantain 80.O.Plantago major.Digitalis purpurea. lemon thyme 100. celandine madder 79. 43.Hyssopus officinalis. 55. variegated garden sage 87.Alchemilla vulgaris. 64. praecox subsp. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Echium vulgare. purple basil English lavender 18.Digitalis lanata. basil blue hyssop 15.Myrrhis odorata.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Levisticum officinale.Teucrium chamaedrys. wormwood germander 9. caraway thyme 103.Nepeta mussinii. stellerana. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. foxglove 2.Campanula rapunculus. tomentosum. southernwood ground cherry 10.Chelidonium majus. French tarragon geranium 7. catmint 63. majorana.T. marsh mallow 13.Satureja montana. crimson creeping thyme 96. balm horehound 14.A.Achillea millefolium.Pelargonium crispum. odoratissimum. 66. officinalis 'Aurea'.Asarum canadense.Rubia tinctorum.S.A. silver thyme 105. foxglove cypress spurge 21. thyme 102. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Ocimum basilicum. officinalis 'Purpurea'. basilicum 56. sweet 41.Campanula persicifolia. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. white creeping thyme 97.T. dyer's woodruff broom 3.M.A.S. 60.Agastache foeniculum.Euphorbia cyparissias.Geranium robertianum.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia officinalis.
Anthriscus cerefolium.Cichorium intybus.29. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M. red mint comfrey 33.Verbascum thapsus. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. chicory 70. 114. × piperita var. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . spearmint 107. garlic 111. curry plant mullein 35.Chrysanthemum parthenium. citrata. veronica 108. cowslip 72. oxeye daisy mullein 36. chervil 68.V.Myrtus communis. tree onion 112.Sorbaria sorbifolia.cepa.Dianthus plumarius 75.M.A. chamomile 30.Symphytum officinale. apple mint 69. Proliferum Group. pin cherry 39.A.M. × gentilis.Lilium candidum.Oenothera biennis. orach115. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Allium sativum.Yucca filamentosa.Primula veris. suaveolens 'Variegata'. feverfew cinerariifolium.Chrysanthemum 78.Laurus nobilis.Chamaemelum nobile.Origanum dictamnus. dyer's woad 110.Atriplex hortensis. moth 113.Chrysanthemum 74.Lysimachia vulgaris. ostrowskianum 34.Origanum vulgare. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. blattaria.Isatis tinctoria.Helichrysum angustifolium. 73. 76. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. orange mint 32. yucca 109. wild 116.Mentha suaveolens.M.Prunus pensylvanica. spicata. 71.Veronica officinalis. evening 77. pineapple mint 31.
A wheelshaped bed. but not obvious. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. of good proportion for the size of the opening. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A statue of St. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. Francis. not just hiding it. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. < previous page page_104 next page > . is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. its outline constructed of brick.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. AREA VI japonica. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. cat Watsonia rosea. menthifolia. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. labdanum Cistus crispus. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. poet's Solidago californica. Cestrum nocturnum. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. AREA IV Ixia maculata. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. lion's-ear prismaticum. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. potato Brassica eruca. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. loquat Cichorium intybus. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Eleocharis dulcis. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Vetiveria zizanioides. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Sidney Ephedra viridis. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. only those not found on other lists are noted here. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. white Justicia carnea. Eriobotrya japonica. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. California poppy Oxalis crassipes.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. oregano Anemone hupehensis var.
One is a garden of legends. an "old rose" and fragrant. but also for proper leaf size. is a center of interest. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. < previous page page_106 next page > . a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. another a Mary garden.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. not only for hardiness where needed. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. and a third a culinary garden. to name a few. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. or potpourri. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The exterior brick path. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. emphasizes the circle. scented-leaf geraniums. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Galium verum.Brassica nigra. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. Viola tricolor.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. white dead 24.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum. spearmint 22. Anethum graveolens. Angelica archangelica. Chrysanthemum balsamita. yellow 25. sweet marjoram basil 12.20. chive bedstraw 16. Artemisia absinthium. chamomile 3. Chamaemelum nobile. angelica 2. absinthe 4. English thyme 13. pot 26.Allium schoenoprasum. hyssop rose 9.Alchemilla vulgaris. 27. Johnny-jump.Narcissus mustard 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum majorana. dill 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. blue 18.Hedera helix.Salvia officinalis. flax 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. Linum usitatissimum. garden up sage 10. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Calendula officinalis.Crocus sativus.19. Hyssopus officinalis.Lamium album. costmary 6. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . sweet 21. black 23. lady's. English ivy rosemary 8. saffron crocus marigold 7. 1.Ruta graveolens. rue 28.The number in each planting area is the key number. pyrethrum 5.
and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. < previous page page_108 next page > . This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.
Cotinus coggygria. sweet Myrtus communis. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. Russian 'Prostratus'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. clove Marrubium vulgare. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. perennial flax Galium odoratum. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. Myrrhis odorata. peppermint Laurus nobilis. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. blue Lamium maculatum. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. lemon balm Mentha spicata. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. fastigiata. bay Echeveria × imbricata. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Artemisia absinthium. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. rue Malva alcea var. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. beach Monarda didyma. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii.
The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. too. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. The generous use of edgings. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. Viewed from the terrace garden. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. < previous page page_110 next page > . but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. millstones. Appropriately used as accents.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. simply on a smaller scale. and huge. This is a general rule observed. features a closed knot of superior design.
Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 7. germander 2. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.S. dwarf box .A.L. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis. A. blue hyssop 3. Design plan of herb garden 1. and the mulch. angustifolia 'Munstead'. of greater size than is commonly found.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. 'Tiny Rubies'. Landscape Architect. six feet in diameter. cheddar pink 4. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Routine clipping is required.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. The number in each planting area is the key number. has its size dictated by a rule of design. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. that of good proportion. lavender 5.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. green santolina 6.
goat willow Sassafras albidum. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. beach plum Corylus avellana. plum Prunus maritima. honey locust Cornus florida. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. japonica. dogwood Pinus nigra. box Calycanthus fioridus. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. shadbush Salix caprea. black haw Prunus americana. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. quince Magnolia virginiana. box Myrica pensylvanica. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens.
It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. Lavandula. As a rule. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. and a miscellany of others. arcticus 'Rosea' T. herba-barona. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Rosmarinus. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. arcticus T. 'Doone Valley' . 'Annie Hall' T. 'Argenteus'. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. doerfleri T. praecox subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Currently. its plant material varied. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. Salvia. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. However. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. leucotrichus T. caraway thyme T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. silver thyme T.
sweet lavender L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. golden variegated sage S. pine-scented rosemary R. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. involucrata. golden thyme T. woolly thyme T. English lavender L. angustissimus. angustifolia subsp. anise sage S. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. blue sage S. angustifolia subsp. leucantha. greggii. purple variegated garden sage S. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum.T. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. crimson creeping thyme T. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. 'Clear Gold'. guaranitica. angustifolia. autumn sage S. angustifolia subsp. heterophylla. angustifolia subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. praecox subsp. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. dentata. golden rosemary R. vulgaris 'Albus' T. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. ramie . angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.
sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
rupturewort. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. The apple trees. constructed of brick made on the property. Equisetum arvense. Hesperis matronalis.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. to lure bees. Prunella vulgaris. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Smith. used in salads or boiled. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. which were located between the water supply. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. The house. L. Physostegia virginiana. a well beside the house. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. to sweeten the air. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Sium sisarum. horsetail. family needsmedicinal. for scrubbing pots. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Circumstances determined these priorities. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . culinary. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Primarily. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. balmony. Cheloneglabra. Herniaria glabra. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. obedient plant.
in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. too. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. while functional. Today. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. too. for a few are in use now.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. < previous page page_116 next page > . this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Banksia rose 14. Cape jasmine 10. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. garlic 9.Sambucus canadensis.Rosa banksiae. fig 6.Malus angustifolia. Gardenia jasminoides. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. wisteria 13.Lonicera sempervirens.Pinus taeda.Punica granatum. southern laciniata. 15. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Syringa × persica var.Allium sativum.Ficus carica. 16. yellow 12.Wisteria frutescens.Laurus nobilis.Lagerstroemia indica.Lonicera flava. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Prunus angustifolia. 1. pomegranate 3. rosemary 2. trumpet 11.Rosmarinus officinalis. bay 7.
They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. < previous page page_118 next page > . too. Appropriately. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Italy. The effect would be quite different without them. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Nepeta cataria.Dipsacus sativus. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Verbascum thapsus. 30.Ruta graveolens. 61. clove 36. fennel 40. sweet 64.Cimicifuga racemosa.Allium schoenoprasum. hyssop sassafras 20.Marrubium vulgare.Symphytum officinale.Salvia officinalis. butterfly 32. bay lavender wintergreen 21. 37.Hamamelis virginiana.Mentha pulegium.Rosa laevigata.Mentha × piperita.Laurus nobilis. borage 31. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . blue 46. 38. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. dogwood horehound 18.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. basil chive 3. 68.Crocus sativus. yarrow lungwort 22.Asclepias tuberosa. lemon 26.Punica granatum. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Mentha spicata. saffron crocus 25.Paeonia officinalis. spearmint 62. 1.Vinca minor. 33. peppermint 52.Foeniculum vulgare.Ilex opaca.Lindera benzoin. agrimony 58.Santolina chamaecyparissus. myrtle 53.Artemisia abrotanum. pot 48.Achillea millefolium.Chamaemelum nobile. balm autumn crocus 2. 70.Cassia marilandica.Lavandula angustifolia.Acorus calamus. horsemint lobelia 23. garden sage 59.Ilex vomitoria. great 47.Agrimonia eupatoria.Buxus sempervirens. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Monarda didyma. yellow-root 7.Monarda punctata. dill 39. blue 44.Colchicum autumnale. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. St.Sassafras albidum.Hypericum perforatum.Pinckneya pubens. peony 51.Populus balsamifera. wild ginger69.57. 63.Anethum graveolens. 60.Teucrium chamaedrys. gray santolina witch hazel 11. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. catnip 34.Lobelia siphilitica. 66. fuller's teasel 67. sweet shrub 10. sativa.Pulmonaria officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Calycanthus fioridus.Chimaphila umbellata. box chamomile 9.Elizabeth Lawrence. rue 56.Cornus florida.Lilium candidum. 42.Levisticum officinale. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Calendula officinalis.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Borago officinalis. lovage 35. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Gaultheria procumbens. bee balm 28.Asarum virginicum.Armoracia rusticana. yaupon pink southernwood 12. foxglove 41. tansy 65.Lonicera sempervirens. 50.Digitalis purpurea.Tanacetum vulgare. 43. American holly 16. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 27. 54.Rubus allegheniensis. senna woodruff 15.Dianthus caryophyllus.Galium odoratum. sweet flag marigold 24. mullein 49. 45. black 29.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 55.
Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. < previous page page_120 next page > . the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. 1 T. of herbs for one loaf of bread. In any event. This is true for the remedies. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. and fragrances they developed. preventives. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers.
English thyme rosemary 7.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. sweet basil 13. black haw 23. 14. pot marigold 2.Papaver somniferum.Hyssopus officinalis. 1. sweet marjoram 6. Calendula officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Viburnum prunifolium. blue hyssop 21. spearmint 17.Artemisia absinthium. apothecary's rose 22. foxglove 12. English 10. garden sage 8.Monarda punctata.Satureja montana. lavender lovage 3.Mentha spicata.Marrubium vulgare.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Pyrus communis. winter savory 4.Lavandula angustifolia.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis. horsemint 20. tansy 11.Nepeta cataria.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Cydonia oblonga. absinthe 9. caraway 19. quince 24.Digitalis purpurea.Ocimum basilicum. peppermint 18. opium poppy 5. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Carum carvi. catnip 16.Mentha × piperita. horehound 15.
often it is reconstructed. to study it. < previous page page_122 next page > . Some could be used singly. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. one dated 1759. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. Shaded by hop vines. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. The beds are used to achieve balance. The main paths of brick unify the garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. from early Moravian settlements. Thus it was for this garden. makes it something of a focal point. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Allowed such freedom of expression. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. the other 1761. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. and bricks raise the beds. and if the best has not always survived. for example the large square bed with circular path. centrally located. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans.
A.L. Campbell. Landscape Architect. A.S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. .
Rosa damascena.Rosa roxburghii. eglantine Group. Madonna lily 59. rosemary49. corn poppy 79. grape larkspur 41.Chrysanthemum parthenium. clove 53. mugwort67.77. polyanthus narcissus 60.Matthiola incana. 62.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rhubarb 10.Nigella sativa. saffron peppermint crocus 35. autumn crocus 34. marsh mallow 7. red pepper 20.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Petroselinum crispum. borage 5.Rosa centifolia. hollyhock 51.Armoracia rusticana.Narcissus tazetta. madder 16.Artemisia vulgaris.Mentha spicata. orach 76.Saponaria officinalis.Lilium candidum. horehound 56.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Symphytum officinale.Alcea rosea. chamomile 17.Clematis virginiana.Nepeta cataria.Salvia sclarea. 68. poet's narcissus 61. sorrel 65.Cornusflorida. rue 14.Passiflora incarnata.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon 64. dill 73. garden sage 15. tansy 6. English thyme 2.Rosa gallica.Tanacetum vulgare. daisy crape myrtle 23.Hyssopus officinalis. black cumin 46.Carum carvi. English 78. virgin's bower 40. feverfew southern magnolia 27. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . comfrey 33. balm chive 37.Rosa eglanteria. holy thistle 58.Vitis. lovage 9.Anethum graveolens.Cercis canadensis.Atriplex hortensis.Stachys officinalis. basil moss rose 44.Crocus sativus.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana.Amaranthus caudatus. spearmint 57. parsley 32. love. cabbage angustifolia.Rheum rhabarbarum. French rose 18. 81.Asparagus officinalis. 80.Allium schoenoprasum.Papaver rhoeas.Rosmarinus officinalis.Borago officinalis.Inula helenium.Salvia officinalis. caraway 72. garlic lungwort 36.Bellis perennis. yarrow 4. clary 30. blessed thistle 8. asparagus 31.Foeniculum vulgare. damask coriander rose 19. betony 82.Silybum marianum.Gelsemium sempervirens. garden nasturtium 12.Artemisia abrotanum.Cnicus benedictus.Ocimum basilicum.Levisticum officinale. sweet 55. fennel marjoram 28. redbud 24. 48. hyssop maypop 42.Lagerstroemia indica. annual clary 3.Narcissus poeticus.Ruta graveolens.Rosa moschata. Carolina jessamine 38. 52.Tropaeolum minus.Aquilegia vulgaris. columbine 29. catnip 70.Achillea millefolium.Humulus lupulus. hop southernwood 39. 74.Tropaeolum majus. 66.Althaea officinalis. absinthe 45.Chamaemelum nobile. 1. 54.Salvia viridis.Magnolia grandiflora.The number in each planting area is the key number.Consolida ambigua. cockscomb 47. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. elecampane 11.Hydrangea quercifolia. stock 50.Pulmonaria officinalis.Rubia tinctorum.Rumex acetosa.Mentha × piperita.Allium sativum.Colchicum autumnale. blue 63.Artemisia absinthium. dwarf nasturtium 13. blue 69.Dianthus caryophyllus. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Melissa officinalis. chestnut rose 43. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Celosia cristata.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Coriandrum sativum.Ficus. sweet 71. lavender rose 21.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
Usually this is least desirable. Thus. far from the house. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. A ravine and existing. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Calluna (heather). all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. the western. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). First. and the north point is established. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Although some observations may seem obvious. This space was never adequate. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The lesser the scale. even boggy. The next most desirable exposure. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. it is proper to make a trial run. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile.
a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The new herb garden has been located. and the property line on the last. but it need not be identical. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The.ground where drainage is better. a driveway on still another. another is close to the rear of the house. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. There is the housegarage structure on one side. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. 127 indicates. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. all four sides are so determined. certainly not precisely the same. Culinary herbs will fill a large. and the search did not take long. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. single bed. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Indeed. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Then. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. as the drawing on p. The general outline is similar. It was a pleasurable assignment. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The outline is fixed. < previous page page_126 next page > . The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs.
this low wall will enclose the garden area. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. Two drawings were required to work out problems. If. There was no . and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. In addition. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. something is amiss. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. then north. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. In fact. With the plan established. forming the outer boundary of the service path. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. as in this case. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If all is well. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. A structural edging was in order. the eight-foot length was more practical. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. However. eight. . However. In the earlier stage of planning. and the finished edging would be effective. this was. admittedly. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. a lapped joint was fashioned. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Before edgings could be put in place. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. In this area. At corners. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In this case. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. the site required some leveling. not one completed in a weekend. however.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
this same base underlies all the paths. leaves. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. for they will likely have more traffic. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. filling the beds with soil was next. selected for its simplicity. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. The pattern is running bond. The latter need to be more substantially paved. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. but there are exits to different levels. Unfortunately. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Paving for the terraced area is brick. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. This method of treatment now guarantees . Heavy black plastic. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. sand. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Weeds. A choice of five colors was available. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. had been proof of that. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. could serve this purpose. Aged compost. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. One is the ramp to the driveway. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround.
Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. on a trial run of one course of brick. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. However. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. worth the added cost. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . even bed for the pavers. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick.
for it would interfere with the drainage system. Sometimes called "rubble drains. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. With the completion of the paths. learned about decades earlier. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. converging where it was logical to do so.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. French drains. Herbs have flourished in the beds. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. the terraced area. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. since that path borders the house. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope." their construction can be somewhat varied. In this instance. and the steps to other levels. .
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not necessarily referable to botanical species. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. a garden plan. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. E EllipseAn oval. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. and so on. casts the shadow for the hour. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. is symmetrical. in inches. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. sixteenths of an inch. often a wall or trellis. for example. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. albula. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. for example. Its arrow points north and. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. having a variety of gradations. in tenths of an inch. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. and so on. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. hundredths of an inch. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. twelfths of an inch. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line.
loose.3). turf. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. its compartments filled with flowers. Pea gravelSmall. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. roofed structure usually open on the sides. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. M ManufactoryA factory. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. a patterned garden. ForthrightA straight course or path. Usually a few inches thick. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms.brick) in the same course. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. or colored earths. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . a flat. rounded fragments of rock. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. G GazeboA freestanding. heated especially by fermenting manure. GrindstoneMillstone. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds.3. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. also called rubble drain. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass.
a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters.
snug fit for walks. or steps. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. called also a hose cock. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. not treelike or with a single trunk. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. walls. W Wall. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. cutting. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. Stone. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. V VarietyA category below species. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. R Rose. < previous page page_132 next page > . T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. often planted with aromatic herbs. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. ranking between species and variety. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. TreillageLatticework for vines. Turf seatBanked-up earth.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.
New York: G. Mo. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. New York: Macmillan. Room Outside. John E. British Plants. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. ed. P. 1970. Bailey Hortorium. New York: Macmillan. Berrall. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Clarkson. . 1957. Sylvia. 1902.: Buckeye Printing Co. .: Geo. Baumgardt. Cross. Garden Design.. Seal. 1966. Brownlow. The Small Garden. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Brookes. Fox.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Helen Morgenthau. 1966. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Peter. Greenwood. 1935. Alice Morse. Coats. Gertrude B. Kent: The Herb Farm. Aurora. Crowe. 1911. Rosemary F. 1980. Edlin. Terrace. Hanging Plants for Home. 1958. 1980.. Liberty Hyde. 1933. New York: E. John. Sydney: B.C. 1982. 1951. Herbs and the Earth. . New York: Hawthorne Books. Henry. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1977. Complements. and Garden. Julia S. Frances A. 1961. Putnam's Sons. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Agnes. Park Seed Co. Foster. Bardswell. London: Marshall Cavendish. New York: Viking Press. Bailey. 1979. 1942. Roses. Erichsen-Brown. Herbals. L. Park's Success with Herbs. 1963. 1962. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Book of the Geranium. New York: Macmillan. Foley. 14701670. Jot. W. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. London: Country Life. 1938. Doran & Co. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Helen H.. Carpenter. Daniel J. Behme. New York: Viking Press. Harriet Ballard. H. 1971. Toronto. 1944. Prof. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. The Garden (An Illustrated History). L.. Beston. Robert Lee. 1972. How Plants Get Their Names. New York: Dover. John Philip. and Louden. Herbsfor Every Garden. New York: Crown Publishers. Batsford. London: Adam and Charles Black. Independence. Rosetta E. Green Enchantment. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1971. New York: Macmillan. Garden City: Doubleday. Margaret E. New York. Charlotte. Dutton & Co. The Herb Garden. Hortus Third. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1973. H. London: Saturn Press. London: Macmillan. Flannery. 1972. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Earle. Darrah. T.. 1951. Foster. The Cultivated Basils. 1976. Gertrude B. London. and Accessories. S. Staff of. Sevenoaks. P.
Johnson. Landscaping with Vines. Paul B. Jr. 2d ed. New York: De La Mare. New York: Clarkson N. and Synge. 1952. and Chiltoskey. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs.. Co. London: George Routledge & Sons. M. and Back. Kiaer. N. New York: Dover. Howard. New York: Dover. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Jones. 1970. Moldenke. Gardens in Winter. Ann. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Pa. M.. How to Select. Vegetable Dyeing.. Frances. New York: Macmillan. Early American Gardens. New York: Van Nostrand. Claire.C. and Alma L. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Potter. 1951. Walter. Claire. Division Billboard Publications. Lawrence. Krauss. < previous page page_133 next page > . Italy. 1959. Hendrickson. Carol. London: Faber and Faber. Neri. Loewenfeld. 1981.. Grow and Enjoy. 1964. Loewenfeld. Waltham. Norma Jean. Roses of the World in Color. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1946. A Biblical Garden. Alma. A. Simmons. Boston. McFarland. 1971. Lathrop. Herbs. 1973. Flowers of the Field. Muenscher. Frederic. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1969. 1978. New York: E. Roy. Adelma G. (1st American edition trans. 1976.Garland. Loyal R. New York: Macmillan. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Mass. New York: William Morrow and Co. Sarah. Franco. The Herb Garden. P. Leighton. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. New York: Harper & Bros. 1938. Wynnewood. Miller. Myron. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Cherokee Plants. Hay.. Tucson: H. and Brunello. 1966. Bernard Hickey. How to Landscape Your Grounds. New York: William Morrow & Co. Modern Herbal. New York: Doubleday. New York: Viking Press. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1975. . Dutton & Co. Books. Lerner. Rev. Mary U. Eigel. Vicenza.. 1971. Robert. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. The Berry Book. and Rice. Horace. Toronto: Little. Dorothy Bovee. Lawrence.: Livingston Pub.: Herald Publishing Co. Ireys. 1975. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ed. New York: Macmillan. 1981. Shaker Herbs.. Geraniums for Home and Garden. 1974. Plants of the Bible. 1979.. Amy Bess. Boston.: Chronica Botanica Co... George H. J. The Art of Dyeing. A Garden of Herbs.) Rohde. 1982. chemist. Johns. 1961. 1969. Hamel. 1970.. The Book of Spices. Elizabeth. Eleanour Sinclair. P. 1976. Lesch. C. Sylva. Pozza. Mrs.. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Alice Recknagel. 1974. 1972. Helen K. New York: Crown Publishers. Harold N. 1983. Rosengarten. Grieve. Brown & Co. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Philippa. 1911. Patrick M.
Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. 1966. . Baker. Shrub Roses of Today. and Robert B.. ed. Linda. McGarry. New York: St. Webster. Philip Batchelder. Helen Van Pelt. Austin R. L. Mrs. and Mrs.. Virginia B. Bush. Alfred L. Donald Paxton. Mrs. 1965. W.. Campbell. Martin's Press.. Christopher. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Weber.A. Indianapolis. Meyer.A. A. George T. Charlotte.A.A. Mrs. Taloumis. Sandy Hicks. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Rev.A. The Fragrant Year. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Neil Hamill Park. Building Stone Walls. Plants of the Bible. Charles Patch. James C. Mr... Berkeley Brandt. 1961. Maxton Davies.A. John. Raymond V. The Shakespeare Garden. . L. New York.L. H.. 1982. 1972. 1975.S. Mrs. Helen Noyes. New York: Farrar. James D.S. Robert K. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. L.. William Y Dear.A. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. William T. Herbs in the Garden. Elizabeth Lawrence. Onward and Upward in the Garden. . Benjamin McF. Lucile Teeter Kissack. A. L. 1976. Keebler.. Thacker. Landscape Architecture. Stearn. Revised by Dr. New York: Doubleday. 1931. Stearn. Mrs. Vt. Bradner. Winthrop G. Jr.L.. Jr. John Ormsbee.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Wilder. L. Boerner. Mrs. 1979. Hines. 1942. Yang.. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Thomas. Graham Stuart. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Bleecker. Charles L. London: Phoenix House. New York: McGraw-Hill. W T. Graham. Wilson. Mrs. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.: Garden Way. Pees. Bynam. Fragrance in the Garden. New York: Hafner. L. Marion E.. Associate. London: Phoenix House. Bates. Singleton. Mrs. Martin.A.S. ed. 1979. Giroux. Hale & Co.D.L. Z.. Michael. L. Susan W.A. Zohary. William Radler. Climbing Roses Old and New. Straus. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Price. Herbert G.. Mrs. Paxton. Esther. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Tarantino. Martha Dahlen.. Mrs. Elisabeth W. 1972. L.. Melissa R..A. John Poinier.A. Katherine S. Mrs. Moffit. Barbara Capen. George. Morss. Marshall. New York: Dover. L. 1979. L. New York: Simon & Schuster. Vera Breed. Leonie. Louise Beebe. Mrs.. Sherry D. Peter M. Gannaway. Stuart. Cozart. Robert G. Amy Bess Miller.A. Container Gardening Outdoors. Boston: Ralph T. New ed. William C.. Vivian. Nelva M. Hammond Crawford. Mrs. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. 1962. New York. The History of Gardens. Malcolm. 1957. Mrs. Norman. Ingersoll. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Taylor. A.The Old Shrub Roses. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Mrs. Mrs. L. Griffin. 1974.A.. L. T. Mrs.R. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Rhoda Specht. L. and Bell. William T. Lamm. Mrs.. 1953. 1967.. Mrs. Mrs.. Diane C.A.A. Madalene Hill.A. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1976. William W. 1972. . Plimpton. Leonard Dreyfuss. A. New York: William Morrow & Co. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. New York: St. A. Frank M. The Fragrant Garden. Botanical Latin. White. Smith. Martin's. F. Margaret Osborn Holt. Mrs. New York: Simon & Schuster. Jo Lohmolder. C.A.A. L. Jack Emil Geist. Henry Gund. Jr. Mrs. 1953.
Western Reserve Herb Society. Christopher Spencer. Harper. N.C. James S. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Semple.C. The Country Doctor Museum.. N.. Winston-Salem. Plain Dealer Photo. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Wisc. John A. Jean Ruh..A. Edmund G. Old Slater Mill Museum. Hales Corners. Milton C. Milwaukee County Park Commission.. Old Salem.Rady. Elbert Smith. Kingwood Center. Weeks Brick House. Linda Yang. Smith (Ann Leighton). Bailey.I. Eloise andJo Ray. Mrs. Mrs. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Isadore L. Skinner. Roberts. Ga. University of Michigan. civic. Mich. Christopher Rady. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Inc. Ark. Joan E. N.A. Faith H. Hancock Shaker Village. Booker Worthen. Inc. Nathan Sameth.. Milton Stricker. Atlanta. Matthew Miksch House... Mrs.A.. Mansfield. Lawrence Schetky. Joe H.. Ohio. Cleveland. Little Rock. Whitman. and Mrs. L. Gayle. R.H. L. Timothy Procter Ruh. Mrs.. Hancock. The following provided historical. Architect. Rose. Helen M. Lansing.. Mich. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Linda Yang. Greenland. Ohio. Wilcox. Ann Arbor. L. Mr. Shaker Community. Michigan State University.A. Mrs. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.. Walter Rebmann. Atlanta Historical Society. Pawtucket.. Mrs.. Eric Duke Scott. L. Swanson. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Mrs. Mass. Frederick E. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. L. James F. Talbot III. Derthick.. G. Mrs. < previous page page_134 next page > .
x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. officinalis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. maritima L. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Myrrhis odorata. azoricum. E. A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . C. A. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Narcissus triandrus. barbadensis A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. A. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Y smalliana Agrimonia.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice.
Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. lycopersicum. P. albula A. P. grandiflorus Melissa M. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. S. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. podagraria Asparagus A. Solanum aculeatissimum S. melongena var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. acerifolium. ludoviciana var. false Galium aristatum. Lamium album Viburnum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. M. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. officinalis Populus. laevis Rhododendron . G. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. officinalis.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. V. V. Monarda didyma Crataegus. F. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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chrysantha Symphytum S. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. coronaria . angustifolia. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. B. alpina 'Alba' A. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. deltoides Campsis radicans. M. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Mertensia virginica. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. vulgaris A. P. oleracea.
alpinum R. Italian D Daffodil M. angustifolia. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. N. ioensis Vaccinium. M. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . V. alpinum R. verna. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. B. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. B. sativum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. V. pseudonarcissus miniature N. C. coronaria. macrocarpon.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. maculatum G. M. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum.
C. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. acetosa. Chrysanthemum frutescens. x superbum Hemerocallis. lilioasphodelus H. obtusifolius R. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. crispus.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. A. H. T officinale Bellis. frutescens C. Sansevieria. R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Ferocactus latispinus. rivieri. R. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Hosta H. D. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. triphyllum . florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. lilioasphodelus. obtusifolius Rumex R. A.
elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Antennaria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. ragusina.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. azoricum Nigella. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Gnaphalium. Senecio cineraria. N. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Centaurea cineraria. C. gymnocarpa. arvensis. S. Helichrysum. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. C. Lychnis coronaria. pungens Sambucus S. N. damascena. N. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
P. regalis Adiantum. versicolor.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. O. I. I. carica Corylus C. Osmunda. carica F. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. L. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. A. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. perenne .× germanica I. usitatissimum L.
tuberosum A. sphaerocephalum A. Pelargonium. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × limoneum P. purpurea D. lutea Allium sativum A. I. lanata D. grossularioides P radens P. odoratissimum P. P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. Fumaria C. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. sativum var. neapolitanum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. scorodoprasum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. × hortorum P. × germanica Myosotis M. quercifolium P.
glutinosum. A. × nervosum P. crispum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. × jatrophifolium P. tomentosum P. Tragopogon. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. graveolens P. abrotanifolium P. capitatum P. pratensis . × citrosum P. canadense T. T. tomentosum P. A. quercifolium P. Z. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. scabrum P graveolens P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. denticulatum P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. canadense. P. T. officinale Z. chamaedrys T.
nervosa V. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. torquata E. M. V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Oxalis deppei. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Vitis monticola.
H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Lythrum. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Sempervivum Lobelia L. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Pulmonaria . Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. W. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. G. L. majalis Liriope. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. C. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Ophiopogon L. triacanthos G.
Malva. M. erecta T. C. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. erecta T. alcea var. pedatum Hibiscus. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon.blue M Mace. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. M. tenuifolia T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. Malva. patula Calendula officinalis T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. erecta T. grandiflora M. A. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. lucida .
< previous page page_140 next page > .
Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. aquatica var. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. vulgare 'Aureum' O. O. A. S. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. crispii M. R. × piperita var. × piperita var. suaveolens 'Variegata' . vulgare O. majorana O. Spiraea alba. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. suaveolens M. citrata. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. citrata M. Astrantia. citrata M. majorana O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. requienii M. vulgare O. citrata M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. onites O. dictamnus O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. major.
Umbellularia californica. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. V. lactiflora Morus M. rubra M. Azolla caroliniana. alba Verbascum. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. olympicum. Myrrhis odorata. × gentilis M. A. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . V. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. vulgaris A. communis. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Myrtus. M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. thapsus V. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape.
V. L. V. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. poeticus N. minus T. P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa .N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. tazetta Tropaeolum T. album L. nudum. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. majus T.
A. hortensis A. fistulosum A. Proliferum Group A. cepa. O. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. C. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fragrans O. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Castilleja californica. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa A. cepa. S. I. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. fragrans Allium. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. A. vulgare var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. florentina. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. fistulosum Atriplex. Scilla verna. telephium Iris × germanica var. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush.
water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. A. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. lactiflora P lactiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. crispum P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum var. P. patens. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . pulsatilla Passiflora P. A.
paniculata P. annuum. frutescens C. C. annuum. annuum. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Piper C. roseus C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. annuum. retroflexus. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. C. A. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Grossum Group C. C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Longum Group Capsicum. Chenopodium. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. annuum. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. Longum Group C. Longum Group cone green C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum.
Silene laciniata. × paradisiaca. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. taeda Chimaphila. caryophyllus D. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. gratianopolitanus D. alpinus D. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. plumarius. C. americana . umbellata var. Prunus japonica. P. M. umbellata var. watsonii P maritima P. angustifolia var. nigra P strobus P taeda P. plumarius D. P salicina P angustifolia. officinalis Dianthus D. taeda P. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. Plantago P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. C. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum.
carnea Phytolacca americana P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. L. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . E. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. vulgare Lithospermum. P. biennis P. balsamifera P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. rhoeas P. 0. S.
sativum var. P. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. A. coccineum C. pepo C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. canadensis C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. Diplotaxis.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. Hesperis . R. pepo Portulaca. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. rhabarbarum R.
R. banksiae R. damascena 'Bifera' R. × harisonii R. spinosissima R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. centifolia R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. sativa Rosa R. damascena R. gallica R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rubus coronarius R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. laevigata R. chinensis 'Minima' R. moschata . × borboniana R. canina. Rosa chinensis R. × borboniana R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. canina R. × borboniana Kerria.
setigera R. rugosa R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. caerula. sclarea S. microphylla S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. officinalis S. angustissimus R. azurea subsp. Rosmarinus. officinalis Limonium R. S. pitcheri S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. greggii S. Salvia hierosolymitana . R. guaranitica S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. clevelandii S.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. × rehderana R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C.
europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. A. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. leucantha S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. viridis S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. S. C. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. montana Scabiosa S. elegans S. T. P. virens. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. leucophylla S. maritimum E. hebecarpa. S. marilandica Amelanchier . neapolitana S. Salicornia. guaranitica S. chamaecyparissus S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana.
canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A.
Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. P. coggygria.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. americana. P. C. C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. V. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. coggygria Cotinus. G. nivalis Lamium album. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. coggygria C. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. biflorum .
japonica Sorbaria. officinalis thyme-leaved V. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. H. O. R.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. Ornithogalum arabicum. pyrenaicum. E. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. patulum. H. crassipes O. acetosa. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. O. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. scutatus R. V. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. S.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. L. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium.
vulgare var. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. incana M. M. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. perennis. C. vulgare var. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. T vulgare T. dracunculus var.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vesca F. chiloensis F. O. incana M. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. O. floridus Philadelphus . crispum T. vesca F. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F.
doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. 'Argenteus' T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Clear Gold' T. maritima Thymus. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. marianum S.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . praecox subsp. praecox T. marianum S. benedictus. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. × citriodorus T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. A. E. laevigata Eupatorium. arcticus T. phaenopyrum C. C. pallasianus T. sylvestris D. Silybum marianum S. T.
lycopersicum L. L. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. noli-tangere. P. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. P. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. Physalis peruviana L. praecox subsp. lycopersicum var. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. cerasiforme. pruinosa. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Coreopsis Linaria. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. peruviana P. C. sanctum Tulipa T. lycopersicum var. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. alata Lycopersicon. sanctum O. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . I. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens.
maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. caprea . Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. V riviniana Viola odorata V. officinalis Polemonium. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. cornuta 'Alba' V. cornuta V. P. caeruleum Clematis. odorata V. odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. C. V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. C. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. longifolia Chamaelaucium. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Chimaphila. canina.
absinthium A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. V. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. nudum Isatis I.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Stachys . Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. annua A. caprea. pontica. ambrosioides Artemisia. I. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Vanilla barbellata A. frigida A. S. gmelinii A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. camphorata A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. W. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. verticillata Chimaphila. Gaultheria procumbens. Corydalis sempervirens A.
cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . simplicissima Cladrastis. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. vomitoria I. × media 'Hicksii' T. X. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. tomentosa Ilex cassine. taygetea A. filipendulina A. lutea. ageratum A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. I. C. millefolium A.
nose-bleed. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. calamus Adiantum A. foeniculum Agave A. fourcroydes sweet flag. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . maidenhair fern. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. lion's tail anise hyssop.. five-finger f. Indian mallow. alpinus Aconitum A. cana A. yarrow sneezeweed. longifolia Achillea A. maidenhair American maidenhair. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. monkshood helmut flower. h.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. thousand-seal. monkshood flowering maple. ageratum A. butter-print. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. millefolium A. napellus Acorus A. taygetea A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. parlor m. h. fennel g.. blue giant hyssop. Indian mallow China jute. fragrant g.. pedatum Agastache A. breviflora A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. sanguinary. theophrasti Acacia A. calamus maidenhair fern.
bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o.A. cocklebur. reptans Alcea A. serpent garlic chive. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. ophioscorodon A. senescens var. ciboule. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A... schoenoprasum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. sativum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. tree o. Rosenbachianum A. christophii A. sisal hemp. cive. githago Ajuga A. alpina A. sativum var. neapolitanum A. Japanese bunching o. Pulchellum A. moly A. flavum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. rosea Alchemilla A. fistulosum A. purple c.. karataviense A. hemp plant agrimony. garlic rocambole. schnittlauch giant garlic . two-bladed o. ostrowskianum A. giganteum A.. flowering o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. scorodoprasum A. vulgaris Allium A. Spanish o.
white m. tinctoria Anthriscus A. cerefolium chervil angelica. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. canadensis Amsonia A.. bugloss alkanet. shadbush. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. japonica A. sphaerocephalum A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. Oriental garlic . marschalliana A. Barbados a. caudatus Amelanchier A.. tuberosum Aloe A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. garlic c. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. bugloss windflower. officinalis Anemone A. juneberry. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. Curasao a. shad. hupehensis var. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. officinarum Anchusa A. blanda A. archangel. medicinal a.glaucum A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. triphylla Althaea A. pulsatilla Anethum A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.. officinalis Amaranthus A. barbadensis Aloysia A.
dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens var. alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens A.Apium A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. European crowfoot bearberry. chrysantha A.
triphyllum A. sativa A. pink or white horseradish.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. wormwood southernwood. canadense A. sea pink thrift. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . bear's grape. dracontium A. mountain box. kinnikinick. pontica A. stewardsonii Armeria A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. red cole sagebrush. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. asarabacca wild ginger. mealberry. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. sandberry. frigida A. Ludoviciana var. hog cranberry. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. gmelinii A. lactiflora A. arborescens A. triphyllum subsp. albula A. maritima Armoracia A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. dracunculus var. camphorata A. old man southernwood absinthe. rusticana Artemisia A. virginicum bearberry. annua A. mugwort. europaeum A. creashak green-dragon.
wild indigo. tinctoria Barbarea B. mountain spinach false indigo. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. ruby s. upland cress winter cress. c. halimus A. talewort. s. vulgaris Bellis B. jaundice berry. papyrifera Boehmeria B. pleurisy root. tuberroot. c. nivea Borago B. garden o. mustard . perennis Berberis B. piprage beet swiss chard. plains f. hortensis B Baptista B. saltbush orach.. China grass borage borage. rocket. yellow r. australis B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. officinalis Astrantia A. orach sea orach. ruby s. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. rattleweed winter cress.Asclepias A. wild blue i. vulgaris Beta milkweed.. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. s. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. Chinese silk plant. B. c. c. major Atriplex A. vulgaris. butterfly flower butterfly weed. wild indigo blue false indigo. tuberosa Asparagus A. cool-tankard cole. silkweed. i.
boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. sempervirens B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. eruca B.B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. officinalis Calycanthus C. koreana B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . white-flowered k.. microphylla var. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. grandiflora Calendula C. floridus Campanula C. pineapple s. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. microphylla 'Nana' B. strawberry s. carpatica C.
o.C.. o. p.. green p. s. p. green p. p. chili p. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o. o. s. o. p.. red p. p. C. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. cow-itch. o. sweet pepper. p. rapunculus Campsis C. trumpet vine. p. p. s. p. p.. o. pimento sweet pepper s. persicifolia C. < previous page page_147 next page > . annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. bell p. trumpet flower.
nobile Chelidonium C. cristata Cercis C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. frutescens Carthamus C. ovata Cassia C.. bastard s. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. marilandica Catharanthus C.. celandine celandine turtlehead. shellbark h. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. garden c. capsicum p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. tinctorius Carum C. snakehead . canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. majus Chelone cayenne p. Tabasco p. deodara Celosia C. Madagascar periwinkle. red p. canariensis Cedrus C. chili p. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. Tabasco-sauce p. senna. carvi Carya C.... illinoinensis C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Russian c. false saffron.
Robert Brydon' C. intybus Cimicifuga C.. ladanifer Citrus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. wintergreen. Meyer 1. crispus C. leather flower. ambrosioides C. frutescens C. Spanish t. pigweed Mexican tea. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. bonus-henricus C. botrys Chimaphila C. fat hen ambrosia. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. × superbum Cichorium C. rattletop black cohosh. wax flower. Chinese dwarf 1.. feather geranium. pyrethum. racemosa Cistus C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. virgilia virgin's bower. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. balsamita C. leather flower... red-leaved chicory bugbane. devil's-darning- . lutea Clematis C. parthenium C. alecost pyrethrum. leucanthemum C. American w. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. umbellata Chionanthus C. dwarf 1. mint geranium. wormseed. old-man's-beard costmary. coccineum C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. barbe-de-capuchin. cinerariifolium C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. glabra Chenopodium C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. Dalmatia p. virgin's bower. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa.C.
lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. thorn. ambigua C.needle Cnicus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle .. sativum Cornus C. orientalis Convallaria C. cneorum Coptis C. trifolia Coreopsis C. red haw hawthorn English h. florida Corylus C. laevigata C. benedictus Coix C. arkansana C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. peregrina Consolida C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. quick-set. smoke plant. autumnale Comptonia C. smokebush smoke tree. thorn apple. smokebush. Venetian sumac. Chinese parsley dogwood. majalis Convolvulus C. avellana Cotinus C. apiculatus Crataegus C.
. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. gracilis Dianthus D. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. West Indian 1. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. speciosus 'Albus' C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. sativus C. angustifolius C. × allwoodii D. sempervirens Cydonia C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sieberi C. kotschyanus C.. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . citratus Cytisus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. speciosus C. scoparius C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.C. maritimum Crocus C.
gas plant. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . grandiflora D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. sativus D. burning bush. lanata D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. spectabilis Dictamnus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. × imbricata Echium clove pink. sylvestris Doronicum D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. carnation.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D.
japonica Eryngium E. arvense E. poppy eucalypt. ironbark. maritimum Eschscholzia E. californica Eucalyptus E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. S. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot .E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. plum eryngo sea holly. jacinth. vulgare Elaeagnus E. gum tree. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. dulcis Endymion E. Japanese medlar.. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. pungens Eleocharis E. perfoliatum E. torquata Euonymus E. viridis Epimedium E. J. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. sea holm. rugosum v. sea eryngo California poppy C. hyemale Eranthis E. blueweed. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. Australian gum. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. b. epimedium barrenwort.
officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare F. major Fragaria F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. a.s. alpine s. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare var. vulgare F. finocchio. cyparissias F Ferula F.s.s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. assafoetida Ficus F. sow-teat s. vulgaris Foeniculum F. a. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.Euphorbia E. vulgare subsp. chiloensis F. a. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. ulmaria F.
hirsutum H Hamamelis H. dyer's greenweed. teaberry. Carolina jessamine Genista G. mollugo G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. virginiana Hedeoma H. mock p. Capejasmine wintergreen. woodwaxen. gardenia.F. mountain tea. runaway robin. field balm. Carolina jasmine G. verum Gardenia G. checkerberry. jasminoides Gaultheria G. hederacea Gleditsia G. maculatum G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. ground ivy.. sweet w. robertianum Glechoma G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. Carolina yellow j. tinctoria Geranium G. false baby's-breath woodruff.. cleavers white bedstraw. red Robin . triacanthos Gossypium G. vernalis H. wild c. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. our-lady's-b. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. odoratum G. alumroot herb Robert.. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. honey locust.. germanica G. spotted c. nivalis Galium G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. hexapetala G Galanthus G.
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.. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. petiolatum Heliotropium H. garland 1. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. licorice plant heliotrope. bastard jute. glabra Hesperis H. Indian hemp. Deckaner h. bimlipatum j. Chinese hibiscus. foetidus H. Hawaiian h. sweet r. niger H. arborescens Helleborus H.. mallow. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily.. angustifolium H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. lilioasphodelus H. flavescens Helenium H. rose m. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. giant m. Deccan h. lividus subsp. matronalis Hibiscus H. daylily . cannabinus H. × luteola Herniaria H.. corsicus H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. bimli j. turnsole heliotrope. blacking plant plantain lily. lemon d. curry plant false licorice.. China rose. atrorubens H. hibiscus kenaf.. rose-of-China.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.
bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. I. rose h. perforatum Hyssopus H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. horned h. navelwort gotu kola St. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. European h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. crenata var. box-leaved h.. patulum 'Sungold' H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. orangeroot. white h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. . asiatica Hypericum H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h.-John's-wort St. Burford's holly Japanese holly.H. lupulus Hydrangea H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H.
lady's-earrings indigo indigo . water f. spotted t. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. snapweed. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. 'Great Lakes' I.. virginiana red cedar jasmine. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. florentina I. officinale Juniperus J. crested dwarf i. cristata I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. alba Iris I. pseudacorus Isatis I. wilsonii Impatiens I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J.I. yellow flag.. woad dyer's woad. helenium Ipomoea I. maculata J Jasminum J. capensis Indigofera I. tinctoria Ixia I. African corn lily corn lily orris. chinensis var. × germanica var. crested i. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. tinctoria Inula I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. glabra I. horizontalis creeping j. touch-me-not jewelweed.. J. jewelweed. opaca I.
angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. white d. carnea Brazilian-plume. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.Justicia water willow J. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L.. angustifolia L. flamingo p. angustifolia subsp. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . d. maculatum L. album L. dentata var. n.. nobilis Lavandula L. sweet bay laurel. paradise p. dumb nettle.. brandegeana shrimp plant J. n. plume plant. plume flower. indica Lamium L. dentata L. bay. king'scrown L Lactuca L.
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
pepperwort. muscari Lobelia L. benzoin Linum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L.. sativum Leucojum L. perenne L. usitatissimum Liriope L. candidum L. summer s. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. leonurus Leontopodium L. marsh rosemary. hedge plant privet. chalcedonicum Limonium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. blue cardinal flower . statice statice toadflax spicebush. lovage privet. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. aestivum Levisticum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. officinale Ligustrum L.
europaeus Lysimachia L. virginiana sweet alyssum. coral h. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. maritima L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. coronaria 'Alba' L. honesty. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. satin flower honesty. grandiflora M. flava L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. coronaria L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. penny f..L. lycopersicum var. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. gypsywort. cordata Magnolia M. sempervirens Lunaria L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. money plant. lycopersicum var. moonwort. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. annua Lychnis L. vulgaris Lythrum L. campion. silver-dollar. stellata M. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. catchfly mullein pink. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h.
aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. 'Eau de Cologne' M... pulegium M.. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. white h. aquatica M. holly barberry.. × gentilis M. lemon m. bergamot m. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. pineapple m. lungwort bluebells. horsemint peppermint orange mint.. blue barberry apple. holly g. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. American crab. apple m. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. holly mahonia. pennyroyal Corsican m. b. bluebells. alcea var. Virginia b. officinalis Mentha M. cowslip. longifolia M. Scotch m. musk m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint.. imperial stock balm lemon b. stock stock..Mahonia M. angustifolia M. curly m. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. Brampton stock. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. hupehensis Malva M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. × piperita M. requienii M. Virginia c. 'Guiding Star' M.. citrata M. × piperita var. fastigiata Marrubium M. menthella. Oregon g.. mountain g. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. sweet b. vulgare Matthiola M. gillyflower. horsemint . bee b. incana Melissa M. incanum M.
odorata Myrtus M. winter purslane. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. white bee balm pink b. swamp c. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. b. anise. Greek myrtle. fistulosa M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. b. myrrh. menthifolia M. punctata Montia M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. fistulosa var. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. pink b. citriodora M. American m.M. sweet cicely. candleberry. textilis Myosotis M. red m. b. banana abaca.. Oswego tea. white b. sylvatica Myrica M. Swedish m. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
maritima P. nepalensis P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. heal-all. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. tacamahac cinquefoil. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. elatior P..Poncirus P. pasture b. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. veris Prunella P. Jerusalem sage.. angustifolia P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. hog-pasture b. sieboldii 'Alba' P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. five-finger shrubby c. persica Pteridium P. hackmatack. vulgaris Prunus P. hardy orange poplar. lungwort blue 1. golden hardhack. brake. pensylvanica P. brake bracken. granatum Pyrus P. domestica P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . Americana P. widdy shrubby c. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. all-heal salad burnet.. trifoliata Populus P. balsam p. sand p. aspen.
. banksiae R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. dog r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. autumn damask r.Quercus Q. dyer's rocket rhubarb. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. garden c. purshiana Rheum R. luteola Rhamnus R.. brier r. Bourbon r. fairy r. canina R. . gooseberry alpine c. × borboniana R.. mountain c. alpinum R. brier Banksia r. moss r.. stellata R Ranunculus R. sweetbrier French r. dog b. pilewort mignonette weld. sativum Rosa R.. ficaria Reseda R. rose. pygmy r. cabbage r. 'Cinderella' R. crowfoot lesser celandine. pie plant. eglanteria R. red currant. small c. gallica damask r. moss r. typhina Ribes R. China r. eglantine. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. garden r.. chinensis 'Minima' R. York-and-Lancaster r.
. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. prostrate rosemary. dock s. French sorrel rue . garden sorrel broad dock. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R.'Officinalis' R. Harison's yellow r. Japanese r. musk r. wichuraiana R. roxburghii R. laevigata R. acetosa R. burnet r. spinosissima R... allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. Turkestan r. × rehderana R. sorrel. obtusifolius R. rosemary white r. golden p. rugosa R. chestnut r. hirta Rumex R. polyantha r. Scotch r. climbing r. × harisonii R. madder bramble blackberry. rosemary pine-scented r. tinctorum Rubus R. 'Schneezwerg' R. snowdwarf memorial r. moschata R. prairie r. angustissimus R. r. Cherokee r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. chinquapin r.. bitter d. setigera R. climbing r.
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argentea S. viridis Sambucus S. caerula S. guaranitica S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. bloodroot rue . officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. American e. canadensis willow. greggii S. caprea Salvia S. leucantha S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. pussy willow sage. purple g. golden g. s. microphylla S. clary annual clary elder. variegated garden s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. purple variegated garden s. sclarea S. garden s. osier goat willow. leucophylla S. involucrata S. clevelandii S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. elegans S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. bloodroot red puccoon. Mexican bush s. gray sage. elderberry American e.
pinnata S. canadensis Sansevieria S. hen-and-chickens. orpine donkey's tail orpine. hemp plant snake plant. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S.. devil's tongue. sweet s. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. live-forever houseleek. neapolitana S. blessed t. hortensis S. lucky plant.Sanguisorba S. sisarum Solanum S. mad apple . melongena var.. tectorum Silybum S.. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. officinalis Sassafras S.. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. good-luck plant. mourning-bride stonecrop. marianum Sium S. atropurpurea Sedum S. St. live-forever houseleek. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. morganianum S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. roof h. jasminoides S. Mary's t. skirret potato vine eggplant. trifasciata Santolina S. telephium Sempervivum S. milk t. pincushion flower pincushions. virens Saponaria S. albidum Satureja S.
lutea Stokesia S. americana Stachys S. byzantina S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. woundwort lamb's-ears. sorbifolia Sorbus S. californica Sorbaria S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. reticulata var. grandiflora S..'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. hedge nettle. lilac . Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. officinale S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S. laevis Symphytum S. × persica var.. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. erecta marigold African m. big m. vulgaris 'Addie V. laciniata Persian lilac S. patula melongene. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.
occidentalis Thymus T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. yew conical y. vulgare T. signet m. officinale Taxus T. tansy tansy. crispum Taraxacum T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. . 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m.. vulgare var. dense y. marum Thuja T. canadense T. dwarf m. procumbent g. 'Broad-leaf English' T. upright y. carnosus T. filifolia T. sweet mace French m.. columnar y. germander American g. wood sage germander dwarf.. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t.T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. culinary golden lemon t. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. fruticans T. 'Argenteus' T. lemon t. lucida T.
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pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. richardii subsp. odorus t. herba-barona T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. pratensis Trichostema T. zygis Torenia T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. t. lemon t. glabrescens T. doerfleri T. wishbone flower. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. praecox T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. caraway t. red c. . mother-of-thyme white creeping t. nummularius T. woolly thyme creeping t. nitidus T. praecox subsp. t. crimson c. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. confederatej. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. serpyllum T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. pallasianus T.. not culinary French t. lanatum Trifolium T. creeping t. leucotrichus T..< previous page page_155 Page 155 T.
majus T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. squill. laevifolium Valeriana V.Tropaeolum T. speedwell. nettle stinging n. red s. velvet p. tall n. clusiana T. thapsus Veronica V. 'Blizzard' T. dioica V Vaccinium V. early. bitter Indian garden n. serpyllifolia nasturtium. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. farfara U Urginea U. cranberry. canadensis Tulipa T. species t. officinalis V. minus Tsuga T. water-lily t. 'General de Wet' T. . blattaria V. tawny orange t. mullein mullein. kaufmanniana T.. huckleberry. flannel plant. 'Sweet Harmony' T. Indian cress dwarf n. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. blueberry. angustifolium var. maritima Urtica U. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T.. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. tarda T. pale yellow Darwin t. officinalis Verbascum V. olympicum V. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian.
zizanioides Viburnum V.. tricolor V. possum haw . aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. sheepberry. nannyberry. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. ladies-delight. odorata V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. carlesii V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. running m.. withe-rod vetiver. lutea 'Splendens' V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. × wittrockiana Vitis V. heartsease. myrtle. arrowwood.Vetiveria V. lesser p. prunifolium Vinca V. maple-leaved viburnum. sweet h. violet dog violet horned v. minor Viola V. heartsease pansy. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. cassinoides V. acerifolium V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. khus-khus.. canina V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.
ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 . Canton g. Adam's-needle. officinale ginger true ginger.
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