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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

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Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

for they had no model and no guide. responded with delight. This they did. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. carefully chosen. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. This was not to be. successes. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. and the publisher. With false starts and honest stops. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Again they revised. with sparkling enthusiasm. more of them exist to serve as examples. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. It needs no sequel. Ginny had done some writing. The turning point came when. bereft of hope. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. Then. Their energy and charm caught me up.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. build it. punching. wheedling. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. alterations. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. and record every detailall of the failures. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. pushing. and the experience provided the final section of the book. seven years ago. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. whether all their labor was to no avail. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . especially poetry. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch.

governed the style of our lists of botanical names. although countless common names exist." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. and these are capitalizedfor example. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. former generic names. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. A range of essential factors is considered herein. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. The herb garden designs alone. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. the authors. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. degree of maintenance required." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. historical interest. Not all plants used are herbs. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. rather. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. 1969 and 1980. Italics are always used for botanical names. Likewise. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. while others were prepared by landscape designers. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. without accompanying commentary. Some of these were created by landscape architects. . carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. by their owners. or by contributors. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. To achieve this. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. we completed a test garden. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. specialty. and educational purpose. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. English thyme. We.

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Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. She has served. former managing editors. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. and Rexford Talbert. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Derthick.. Alexander Apanius. has been especially helpful over the years. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. past presidents. former director of same. librarian. FAITH H. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Susan Frugé. Recognition is due Robert B. Isaacson. Genevieve Jyurovat. which made possible the completion of our text. and Elizabeth Bryce. A lecturer on herbs. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Rady. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Lee Buss. Nell Neff. Alice Skelsey. Richard T. as expediter and typist. too. Keebler and the late Everest P. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. and the horticulturist.D.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. president. His assistant. Finally. Betty Rea. and August Frugé. Wanda Ritchie. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. have also been of assistance. We are grateful to many. M. The late Raymond C. Eleanor Gambee. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Herbert J. and Joanna Reed. Swanson and Robert B. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Trudi Bela. Jo Lohmolder. Special thanks are due James C. has given us valuable information. Weatherhead. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

have foliage that changes color with the seasons. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. As one constantly reinforces the other. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Perennial herbs. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. and structures. partially excavated area. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. or an abandoned. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. new plants. "Not difficult to plan. and hedges will have been located. a front dooryard. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Its interest is independent of flowers. not at all difficult to maintain. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. and decisions must not be left to chance. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. temples of worship. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. lay out a plan of the property. to increase the value of the property. As Henry Beston reflects. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. the north point will have been indicated. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. In order to create a fine garden design. If no . some of which are evergreen. new ways of seeing. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. fences." A good design does not "happen. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs.

and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale.

Next. and the driveway. Other areas may require a smaller scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. but with all needed information. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. measure to locate the house. to locate the house. too. In the absence of a survey map. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. such as the one illustrated here. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. too. In this example. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. The object is to . Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. Here.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. A deed description. will give the lot or acreage measurements. other significant structures. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing.

compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. lines at an angle. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. driveway. The tools needed for drawing are few. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. and parallel lines. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. shrubs. < previous page page_3 next page > . triangleof inexpensive plastic. and unusual land features noted. paths. enclosures. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. The smaller the scale. one of the branches generally having a pencil point.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. graph paperfor use under tracing paper.

old smokehouse. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. and stone. A toolhouse. With the plan on paper. Upkeep. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. brick. In the absence of a structure. iron. and hedges of hemlock. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. greenhouse." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. In the designs that follow. garage. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . One basic rule is the higher the wall. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. yew. However. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. bayberry. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. and holly. or summer kitchen is ideal. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. gazebo. In some cases. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

but the results will confirm this course. or natural. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. too. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. annual painting is a necessity. deeply evergreen. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Stone. so give them much thought. When used with a hedge. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Whatever the reason.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. For example. Stained. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. In some climates. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Generally. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Where air circulation is much needed. and their styles are countless. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. landscape timbers. used for dry wall or masonry construction. box. cut stones. Brick is the all-time favorite material. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. If used. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. the garden design is most attractive. Equally important is proportion. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. if wood is the material of choice. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Lower cost is an advantage. whether it will be rocks. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. as in outdoor room dividers. it will seem too sparsely planted. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. . concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. some deciduous and some evergreen. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. for reinforcing the design. such as bayberry. Allow adequate room within the row. railroad ties. however. Rosemary. painted. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. or pressure-treated lumber. Gates are part of the enclosure. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. or. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. they can be made to order. When this reinforcement is understated. At first. a temporary garden that may be changed later. for example. bricks. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. and rosemary. as an example. elegant box. Styles are legion. gray surfaces are found. If desired. holly. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. yew.

Conversely. there is a necessary. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.Steps When constructing steps. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Choose the path material equally for comfort. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Access paths. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Paths must be ample. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. too. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. appearance. but should be compatible with. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. rosy pink. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. The colors are various: terracotta. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. or red. making the design more evident. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. their use no less than comfortable. It is a general rule that the less the riser. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. however. Step materials need not be the same as. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. for example. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. because they are just that. and maintenance. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. If groups are walking through. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. the greater the tread. cost. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. There are. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. A width of four feet allows room for turning.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. .

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .

When they mature. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. shrubs. serviceberry. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. or trees to be considered. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. With these recommendations in mind. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna.) To avoid having a slippery surface. bark or pine needles can be used. This. a result being hazardous footing. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. a soft-lead pencil in hand. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . prepare a planting plan for each. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. They are easily renewed as they break down. and many good references are available. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. too.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. shad Malus coronaria. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. they should not shade the herbs too much. If the garden is made up of separate beds. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. is an enjoyable experience. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden.

it is easily read and easily erased. one-half inch equals one foot. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. lemon thyme. noting well their growth habits. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Do use a soft-lead pencil.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. too. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. for example. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Artifacts As with other gardens. 'Mount Hood daff. or whatever is best in your case. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Often this center of interest is a sundial. such as the one illustrated here. a focal point is customarily used. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. It needs. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . whether they are invasive or tall growing. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Sept. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. for example. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. however. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper.

and a good sense of proportion is achieved. a niche of its own should be created. It is then in scale with its frame.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Again. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. If a statue less than life-size is used. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. the height of a fence to the house. < previous page page_9 next page > .

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . However. that of good proportion. Except for two. a stylized drawing of an ovary.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. the designs have a decorative north point. For easy reference. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

4. 6. 3. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. bee balm 13.Lobularia maritima. summer 23. 22. 1. The rules of symmetry are observed. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 21. The first number in each planting area is the key number. or other structure.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. A. Landscape Architect. fennel 2. 14.Allium 11. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Galium odoratum. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. With color and texture considered for contrast. lovage 17. dill cerasiforme. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Viola tricolor. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. sativa. Lavenders accent the front corners.A. which is used here in relation to a garage. salad burnet 12. 7. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. arcticus 27. 26. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 16.Thymus praecox subsp. 5.Satureja hortensis. lemon 15. sweet 25.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. lemon balm .L.S.Lavandula savory angustifolia. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. rose 24. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Poterium sanguisorba. Foeniculum vulgare. a fence.Satureja montana. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.Pelargonium graveolens.

curly parsley 10. dwarf garden 20.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Greek 28. 19.8. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Porrum Group. costmary 'Albus'.Salvia officinalis. chive 18. Pelargonium × limoneum.Petroselinum crispum var. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. leek 9. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .

Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. fennel English lavender geranium 4. curly parsley sativa. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis. rose 19. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Allium schoenoprasum. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda didyma. 12. . bush basil 3. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Poterium sanguisorba. 18. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Pelargonium graveolens. 11. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. lemon verbena 21.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Satureja hortensis. Petroselinum crispum var. 1.Pelargonium tomentosum. French tarragon 2. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. 9. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. white 20. summer 10. as was done here.Foeniculum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 17.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 13.

16.Origanum majorana. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Galium odoratum. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. English thyme dill 8.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus × citriodorus.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.salad burnet 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Rosa eglanteria. 14. eglantine 23. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. English'.

Satureja hortensis. dill 2. however. garden sage 8. sativa. lovage 15. 1. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. lemon thyme 10. Origanum heracleoticum. spearmint 16. English thyme Greek oregano 4. summer savory 11. The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata. and the plan could be used at a front door. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Even in limited space. 9.Petroselinum crispum. however.Taxus cuspidata. Origanum majorana. salad burnet 14.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. A.Chionanthus virginicus.A. The garden is conveniently located. 13. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. . An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Allium schoenoprasum.S. Then the design might need to be expanded.Thymus × citriodorus.Poterium sanguisorba. parsley 5. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.L. still observing a scale. 7. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. sweet marjoram 3. Japanese yew 17. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.

nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum.6. sweet basil chive 12.

13.Polemonium reptans.Allium ampeloprasum.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . sweet violet 16. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 31. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. garden sage 17. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Viola odorata.Thymus × citriodorus.Teucrium chamaedrys. 32. lavender marjoram 2. cinnamon fern 4.Humulus lupulus. 9. 30. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. Dictamnus albus. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 18. A.Artemisia dracunculus var. Monarda didyma. bee balm 14. leek Foeniculum vulgare. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. 8. lemon thyme 28. 7.Origanum majorana.Polystichum acrostichoides. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Digitalis grandiflora. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.S. yellow 29. the challenge is obvious. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Landscape Architect. summer 21.Osmunda cinnamomea. wild ginger 27. Christmas fern 5. 33.Primula vulgaris.Stachys byzantina.Pulmonaria officinalis. fraxinella 15. fennel 19. Jacob's-ladder 3. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. hop sativa. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1. salad 20. 25.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue lungwort 26. The number in each planting area is the key number.Asarum canadense. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.A. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. 6.L. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. The long.Convallaria majalis. This is an intimate garden.

lilac 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. sweet 34. yellow bedstraw 23.Satureja montana. Canada hemlock Standard'.Sorbus americana. winter savory 24.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Galium verum.Tsuga canadensis.savory germander Willmott'. crispum. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . curly parsley mountain ash 12.Galium odoratum. 35. French'.Buxus microphylla var.Petroselinum crispum var. French thyme woodruff koreana.Korean box 11.

devoted to a "yearly surprise. this design can be an inspiration.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon verbena 2. geometric design. it became part of the patio. One of the beds.Salvia officinalis. 1. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. It is a pleasing. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. garden sage 20. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. To be placed near the kitchen. Even so. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Origanum heracleoticum. Surprisingly.Aloysia triphylla. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Rumex scutatus. 19.Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum. dill 10. Italian parsley .

Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 13. summer savory 23.3.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. Alpine strawberry 7. lemon balm cicely 6.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana. sweet 14. lemon basil 9. 16. chive 25.Borago officinalis.Satureja hortensis. garlic chive 26. basil sativa.17.Allium tuberosum. purple basil 4.Origanum majorana. English thyme bush basil 8.Poterium sanguisorba. salad 15. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. sweet 18.Ocimum basilicum 12. borage 'Purpurascens'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. crispum.Ocimum basilicum.Anthriscus cerefolium. winter savory 24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Myrrhis odorata.Melissa officinalis. chervil marjoram 21.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia dracunculus var. curly parsley 22. French tarragon 5. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .

Created in an orderly way. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 1. sweet 13.C.Myrrhis odorata. lamb's-ears 20.Rosmarinus officinalis. gray . D. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. To increase the planting area. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. scented-leaf geranium 2. English lavender 10.Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Pelargonium in variety.Galium odoratum. As a whole.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens. it is full of interesting angles. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. sweet cicely 23. it is an unusual.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. winter 21.Stachys byzantina. geometric design. 19.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. so. green santolina 12. rosemary 3. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. blue 22. 14. too. English thyme lemon thyme 11. the work paths could be eliminated. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. purple basil 4.Hyssopus officinalis. The center beds here were established in this way.Thymus × citriodorus.

Teucrium chamaedrys. 25.6.Ilex opaca. American southernwood holly 17. French thyme santolina 15. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Myrtus communis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia abrotanum. germander 16.Marrubium vulgare. horehound24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Salvia officinalis. clove pink 7.Artemisia camphorata. camphor-scented wormwood 8. classic myrtle 9. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.

rosemary 15. yarrow 12. Coix lacryma-jobi. Sometimes space is limited. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Its arrow points north and. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.Tanacetum vulgare.Satureja montana. gray santolina 13.Chamaemelum . Ocimum basilicum. Job's tears 11.Hyssopus officinalis. French tarragon 14. casts the shadow for the hour. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Calendula officinalis. lemon balm 22.Borago officinalis. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. winter savory 16.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. pot marigold 24. 1. Achillea millefolium. arcticus 21. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. borage 23. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. too. English lavender 6. purple basil 3. this herb garden is secluded. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Melissa officinalis. sativa. which adds its impression of warmth. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. absinthe 26. Galium odoratum. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 2. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. tansy 25.Artemisia absinthium. This center of interest is of particular note. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Artemisia dracunculus var. Lavandula angustifolia. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet basil 4. sweet woodruff 5.

scented-leaf 27. pineapplescented sage 9.Syringa. wild marjoram 28.7.Pelargonium in variety. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . comfrey20. garden sage 19. marjoram pecan 10.Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia elegans. sweet 29. costmary 'Albus'. chive 18.Symphytum officinale.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. variegated garden sage 8. Salvia officinalis. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. chamomile 17.Carya illinoinensis.Origanum vulgare.Chrysanthemum balsamita.

Anthriscus cerefolium.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 9.Artemisia dracunculus var. garlic Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium graveolens. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 5.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis.Allium sativum. 29.Ipomoea alba. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. sweet cicely 37.Ruta graveolens. 30. hyssop Meyer lemon . resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. chervil 15. sunken into the ground. When controlled in this way.Salvia officinalis. dill 20. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 4.Pelargonium × limoneum. sweet 34. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. summer 32. true ginger16. 3. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 36.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. rose geranium 2. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. parsley 17. 18. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Origanum majorana. The more invasive ones. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 7. 19.Galium odoratum.Satureja hortensis.Teucrium chamaedrys. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lemon balm 35. 1. 6. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. French sorrel 21. horehound 33.Marrubium vulgare.Apium graveolens. lovage 22. 8. blue 23.Myrrhis odorata. sativa. rue 31. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. for example lemon balm and spearmint.

Aloysia triphylla.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme 24. spearmint 27.Ocimum basilicum.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Thymus × citriodorus.Tropaeolum minus. lemonthyme 28. Japanese yew 39. salad burnet 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme 26. bush basil 14. Greek oregano 12.Origanum heracleoticum. sweet basil 38.Magnolia virginiana. lemon verbena 11.Mentha spicata.10.Poterium sanguisorba.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . dwarf nasturtium 13.

the insect-repellent pennyroyal. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. "Simplify. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. whatever the reason. < previous page page_22 next page > .< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. a quick way to ensure good drainage. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. however. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. but. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. simplify!. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

12.Mentha spicata. garden sage 3. dill 13.Tanacetum vulgare. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. 1.Ocimum basilicum. bell pepper 6.Lindera benzoin.Lactuca sativa.Monarda didyma. aloe Grossum Group. arcticus. 14. balm sativa. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . rue 20. sweet 17.Allium schoenoprasum. parsley 2. 26. 16.Impatiens capensis. spicebush absinthe French'.Hedeoma pulegioides. peppermint 23.Artemisia absinthium. French tarragon 5. summer basil savory 7. tansy 11. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. lemon 22.Mentha x piperita.Capsicum frutescens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Origanum majorana.Melissa officinalis. 18.Allium fistulosum.Salvia officinalis.Ruta graveolens. jewelweed24.Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp.Anethum graveolens.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. sweet 15. sweet 25. lettuce 10. spearmint 21.Petroselinum crispum.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm 19.Aloe barbadensis.Satureja hortensis.The number in each planting area is the key number. tomato American pennyroyal 4.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.Teucrium chamaedrys. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. arcticus 14. germander 7. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme 2.Pelargonium in variety. horizontally laid bluestone. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. . A low wall of brick. faced and capped with random. 8. Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. too. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Russian 13. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Perovskia abrotanoides. encloses this plan. 1.

St.Viburnum cassinoides. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lady's6. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus × citriodorus. arcticus 'Albus'.-John'swort 17. crimson creeping thyme 9.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. blue 11.Melissa officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Hamamelis virginiana. lavender 3. witch hazel 18. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Campsis radicans. lemon balm hyssop 12.Santolina neapolitana 4.Hyssopus officinalis.angustifolia. trumpet vine 16.Galium odoratum. lemon thyme 10.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 5.

a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. Germander is a proper edging here.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. however. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. the shrubsyew. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. < previous page page_28 next page > . box. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. lilac. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. holly. Although this is not a large garden. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. It is. However. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

23. dwarf crested iris 39. Marrubium vulgare.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. alpine strawberry 8.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. classic myrtle 15.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia frigida. cottage pink 2.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Japanese holly 42.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. Japanese yew 44. Thymus praecox subsp. 32. santolina alpine pink 28. blue horehound hyssop 3. green 27.20.Ruta graveolens. white creeping thyme 37. 18. 12. columnal yew 43. 9.Satureja montana. Simkins'. mint silver mound artemisia 25. Japanese holly 47. Myrrhis odorata. clary 30. 1.Cytisus supinus. sweet albula.Dictamnus albus. lavender 22. winter 29. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. lilac 45. Thymus praecox subsp. lady's.Santolina virens.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Syringa patula.Thymus praecox subsp. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Eloise & Jo Ray.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Alchemilla vulgaris.Teucrium chamaedrys. 21. dwarf privet 48. arcticus 'Albus'. broom 40.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. lamb'sears 35.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Chamaemelum nobile. Viola odorata. arcticus 'Coccineus'. germander 36. mantle chamomile 5. white hyssop 4. florentina. prostrate rosemary 13. Corsican 24. Heliotropium arborescens. orris 38.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. crimson creeping thyme 31.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia camphorata. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 26. dwarf box 41. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Iris × germanica var.Comptonia peregrina. sweet cicely17. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Anemone pulsatilla.Borago officinalis. woolly thyme 7. fraxinella 33.Myrtus communis.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rue 6. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Santolina pinnata 34.Salvia leucophylla. Mentha requienii.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. gray sage savory 14.Stachys byzantina.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. sweet violet 19. fringed wormwood 16.Hyssopus officinalis. red creeping thyme 10.Iris cristata.

which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. a cutting garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. Other paths are brick.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. an herb garden. a running bond pattern. and a vegetable garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The direction a path takes can add interest. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. as is true here in the vegetable garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. and one has an inset for a garden seat. This hedge. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. < previous page page_30 next page > . This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square.

S. Landscape Architect.A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. . A.

Dictamnus albus.Lilium candidum. Louise'. green santolina 42.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Allium schoenoprasum.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. clary 46.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. blue hyssop 43. Aquilegia chrysantha. starsMaxima'.The number in each planting area is the key number. candytuft Standard'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue 27. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. plantain lily 2.Petroselinum crispum var. sativa.Salvia officinalis. Christmas 48. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Helleborus niger. 22.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Hyssopus officinalis. 47.Origanum heracleoticum. French tarragon 8.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. blue iris 9. Campanula persicifolia. white 'Bouquet'. summer 34.Chrysanthemum × superbum. double white peony of-Persia 12. winter savory 44. Achillea taygetea.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. garden sage 56. York-andLancaster rose 16. cottage pink French'.Stokesia laevis. 14. 50. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. sweet marjoram 45. Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. alpine strawberry 3. Stokes' aster 31. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Santolina virens. lamb's-ears 49.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Stachys byzantina.Hemerocallis × luteola. bush basil 41. 37.Galium odoratum.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Ocimum basilicum 54.Limonium latifolium. yellow epimedium 15. 52. lemon 29.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. germander 39. dill wishbone flower 5. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. helenium 4. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. lavender 18. fraxinella 26. lemon thyme 40. verbena rose chive 11.Teucrium chamaedrys.Aloysia triphylla.Origanum majorana.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Allium christophii. statice Solemacher'. 55. sweet 51.Satureja montana.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Satureja hortensis. purple basil Japanese holly 17. 1.Ribes alpinum. 53.Digitalis grandiflora.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. yellow 24.Salvia sclarea. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. yellow 35.Pelargonium in variety.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Artemisia dracunculus var. Anethum graveolens 23. pale 28. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. French thyme 7.Magnolia virginiana.Polystichum acrostichoides. 32.

The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. While serving as a soil retainer. < previous page page_32 next page > . It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. as in this case. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden.

yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Iris cristata. English 44.45.A.Tanacetum vulgare var. 42. . Ocimum basilicum. lemon 22.R.Mentha spicata. Borago officinalis.Iris pseudacorus.A. sweet 23. F. lady's43.Galium odoratum.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. crispum.Lavandula angustifolia. lamb's25. 1.Solanum pseudocapsicum. Landscape Architect. Stachys byzantina.Viola odorata. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Alchemilla vulgaris. 21. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Thymus × citriodorus. bee balm 24. spearmint 41.Allium schoenoprasum. Monarda didyma. lemon verbena 46. The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Melissa officinalis. borage 26. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Aloysia triphylla.

56. fennel 35. pennyroyal 54.Mentha pulegium. mullein chive 47.Salvia officinalis.Anethum graveolens. Ajuga reptans.Petroselinum crispum var. absinthe English thyme 27. myrtle 58. orange mint 29. curly mint 30. post crispum 'Banquet'.Allium cepa.Allium tuberosum.Allium sativum. garlic chive 48.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Artemisia absinthium. garden sage 36. Proliferum Group.Elaeagnus pungens.Artemisia dracunculus var. Rosmarinus officinalis. Porrum Group. horehound neapolitanum.Origanum heracleoticum. salad burnet 10. pineapple38.Mentha × piperita var.Nepeta cataria. southernwood 31. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Verbascum thapsus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. polyantha rose 12. French tarragon holly 13. 52.Ruta graveolens. savory sativa.Salvia elegans. curly parsley oak 17.Vinca minor.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Crataegus arkansana. dill 34.Allium ampeloprasum.Dianthus caryophyllus. 57.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Capsicum frutescens. citrata. pink hawthorn 16. rue 51.Rosa × rehderana.Marrubium vulgare.Satureja hortensis.Petroselinum crispum var. carpet bugleweed 8. tabasco senna pepper 20.Cassia marilandica.Artemisia abrotanum.7. 37. leek 49. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. catnip 50. wild 39. Poterium sanguisorba. rosemary 9.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. flowering dogwood 15. sweet marjoram 28. clove 55.Cornus florida. 40.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Egyptian onion 11. 33.Quercus stellata.Origanum majorana.Foeniculum vulgare. summer 32. Greek 53.

A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. and vinegars. Although this is a northeast exposure. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. However. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. mothproofing bags. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. sleep pillows. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. < previous page page_34 next page > . Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. but it is more than adequate for potpourri.

Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .

prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . southernwood 9. round-headed garlic 46. 19.Tropaeolum minus. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. anise hyssop 14.Allium cepa. lemon verbena 36. Lactuca. lavender 7.Rosmarinus officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. French tarragon 10.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. crispum. pot 28. bee balm 30. purple basil sage 11.Artemisia abrotanum. 24. lemon 18. 'Monge'. Thymus × citriodorus.Melissa officinalis. rue 26. burnet lovage 6. costmary 5. winter 29.Pelargonium graveolens.Calendula officinalis.Monarda didyma. garden 'Purpurascens'.Agastache foeniculum. sativa.Levisticum officinale.Hemerocallis.Allium schoenoprasum.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. 49. tansy 16. Egyptian onion 42. daylily in variety 41.Tsuga canadensis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 27.Allium sphaerocephalum. Ruta graveolens. garden sage 2. dwarf nasturtium 37. 23.Iris × germanica var. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. balm valerian 15. American rosemary arborvitae 34. peppermint geranium 40. lilac 32.Pelargonium fragrans.Allium moly. 1.Rumex scutatus. lily leek 44. chive 43. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Mentha spicata. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Satureja montana. 21.Galium odoratum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thuja occidentalis. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. nutmeg geranium 39.Allium sativum var. blue hyssop 35. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Alchemilla vulgaris.The number in each planting area is the key number. 'President Poincare'. Artemisia pontica. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Allium pulchellum 47. florentina. Petroselinum crispum var.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia oficinalis.Valeriana officinalis. orris 17.Pelargonium × limoneum. lemon 31. lettuce in variety 25.Laurus nobilis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Poterium sanguisorba. Proliferum Group.Hyssopus officinalis . Hallock'. 50. salad 22. bay 48.Salvia elegans. Roman 20.Pelargonium tomentosum.Tanacetum vulgare.

< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. is the focus of the middle level. Invasive. A simple knot. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. < previous page page_36 next page > . Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point.

French tarragon 44. pineapplescented sage 47. foxglove 4. sativa. pineapple mint 22. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare.Sempervivum tectorum. valerian 5. thyme 3. dwarf winter savory 2. horehound 46.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm 26.Artemisia dracunculus var. fennel 25.Armeria maritima. houseleek 45. golden thyme . Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Monarda didyma.Salvia elegans. Valeriana officinalis. summer savory 43. white thrift 24. salad burnet 23. Digitalis purpurea.Satureja hortensis. 1.Marrubium vulgare. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.

Hyssopus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. fraxinella 8.6.Salvia viridis.Rosmarinus officinalis. white 58.Sium sisarum. sweet 50. Salvia sclarea. rosemary 28. dyer's woad 7. feverfew climbing rose 16.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Echium vulgare.Chrysanthemum 36. blue hyssop 57.Helleborus orientalis. absinthe 53. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. sweet basil sage 27.Agrimonia eupatoria. Angelica archangelica.Ruta graveolens. annual clary 51.Artemisia absinthium.Galium verum.Rosa eglanteria. parthenium. 40.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Myrrhis odorata.Galium odoratum.Crocus sativus. dwarf edging box 21. viper's 34. 38. sweet 32. sweet 37. skirret 60. germander 56. clary 48.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. white creeping thyme aconite 14. 54.Allium schoenoprasum. China rose comfrey 19. rue 31. 61. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. pink 62. Isatis tinctoria. 33.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Ocimum basilicum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Thymus praecox subsp. pink 59.Laurus nobilis.Symphytum officinale. French'. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Lilium candidum. Madonna cicely lily 12. marigold chive 15.Calendula officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Origanum majorana.Anemone pulsatilla.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. English 52. 30.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Lavandula angustifolia. yellow 41. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. Dictamnus albus. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Rosa chinensis. lavender Christmas rose 11. angelica Lenten rose 10. garden 42. 39.Helleborus niger. arcticus 55.Eranthis hyemalis.Levisticum officinale. pot 35.Alchemilla vulgaris.

and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. < previous page page_38 next page > . Carya ovata. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and the shagbark hickory. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. even though space is limited. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. There is variety in this plan. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. However. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.

camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. stewardsonii. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. sativa. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. Artemisia absinthium. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. lamb's. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. Aloysia triphylla. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. Asarum canadense. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Canada Isatis tinctoria. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. flax Buxus sempervirens. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. dogwood Salvia sclarea. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. germander Agastache foeniculum. box Ruta graveolens. Poterium sanguisorba. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. green santolina Primula veris. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. sweet basil Satureja montana. box Carya ovata. rue Cornusflorida. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. French Galium odoratum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Marrubium vulgare. Adiantum pedatum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. box Buxus sempervirens. angelica Mondarda didyma. bee balm Melissa officinalis. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. chive Ilex opaca. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. citrata. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. valerian Rosa damascena. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. red mint . golden thyme Thymus herba-barona.Arisaema triphyllum. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. borage Petroselinum crispum.Galium verum.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. An informal. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. a dipping pool there. it is open on the side facing the house. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A singular statue of St. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. However. this excavation. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. unplanned look was desired. is on a sandy knoll. too. A clump of birch here. < previous page page_40 next page > . So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. first intended for the construction of a cottage. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. For this appearance. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

sweet 71. lemon 35.Vinca minor. red mint 48. French'. lemon balm 44. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. marsh 42.Viola tricolor. Johnny-jump-up54. 58.Pelargonium denticulatum. Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia elegans. 34. apple mint 49.Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum vulgare. white birch English lavender parthenium. 70.Pelargonium tomentosum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 53. 79. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Anthriscus cerefolium.Allium favum lovage 22. 74.Achillea tomentosa. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. myrtle 14. sea onion angelica 24.Thymus herba-barona.Coriandrum sativum.Anethum graveolens.Poterium sanguisorba. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Nepeta cataria. purple basil 9. catnip 73. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. orris chamaecyparissus. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Pelargonium quercifolium. golden 37. garden sage lungwort 57. Sempervivum tectorum. 8.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Pelargonium crispum.Teucrium canadense. bee balm .Betula papyrifera. 38.Chelidonium majus. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 75.Pelargonium graveolens. 67.Stachys byzantina. 60.Chrysanthemum 80. winter savory 20. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 32. 59. rue 29. 31.Armeria maritima.Mentha spicata. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 1.Origanum majorana. pennyroyal 46. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.The number in each planting area is the key number. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Monarda fistulosa.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium schoenoprasum. wild 51. rose bergamot valerian 25. 76.Petroselinum crispum. 52.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Salvia officinalis. woolly thyme 13.Mentha × piperita. chive crispum. Thymus × citriodorus. fern-leaf tansy 23. thrift55. 65.Monarda didyma. lamb's-ears parsley 19. Ruta graveolens. peppermint 47. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Valeriana officinalis.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 78.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. wild 43.Digitalis purpurea.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana. rose geranium 10.Mentha suaveolens.Melissa officinalis. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. spearmint 45.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Ajuga reptans. 72. 69. 77. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Levisticum officinale. 12. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. celandine cicely 18.Angelica archangelica.Convallaria majalis.Althaea officinalis.Myrrhis odorata. pot 66. feverfew 27. gray scented sage santolina 4.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 30. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Satureja hortensis.Digitalis grandiflora. 'Prostratus'.Glechoma hederacea.Consolida orientalis. Iris × germanica var.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha pulegium. blue 2. creeping juniper 26.Santolina florentina. orange geranium 11. 68.Ocimum basilicum. 61.Urginea maritima.Rosa 'Merry England'. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 63.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 64.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. 36.Origanum onites.Tanacetum vulgare var. mint 50. 33.Mentha × gentilis. pineapple3.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

Because of the edging box. is used for the wall. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. and the two small trees.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Foundation stone. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. They are clustered around the smokehouse. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. making it more a part of the herb garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. the same as the smokehouse construction. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the accents of the six large box.

< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. A. .S. Landscape Architect.L.

Angelica archangelica.Mentha × piperita. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. bee balm 29. white 23.Ocimum basilicum 30. orange mint 19. 40.Crataegus laevigata.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha requienii.Buxus sempervirens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 47. verbena English thyme 5.Alchemilla vulgaris.Fritillaria imperialis.Levisticum officinale.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. Dictamnus albus. sweet 26. 44.Artemisia frigida.Mentha spicata. box 'Citriodorum'. 39. fraxinella 17.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Mentha × piperita var. sweet marjoram 2. dwarf edging box 14. pineapple mint 18. Asarum europaeum. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely45.Myrrhis odorata.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. balm citrata. lemon basil 15. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Viola tricolor.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. chive comfrey curly mint 8. Lavandula angustifolia.38. species in variety crispum. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. balsamita. 35.Crocus. 27. 'Purpurascens'. European ginger 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. Pelargonium graveolens.Lilium candidum.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum. winter 42.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Galium odoratum. lemon 34. lovage 46. 41.Allium giganteum. spearmint 48. purple basil sativa. crownbasil savory imperial 11. sweet 37. summer 25. 22. rosemary 3. Ocimum basilicum 24. lady's.Satureja montana. fringed 43. Satureja hortensis. 21. English 'Minimum'. lemon 36.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . Symphytum officinale. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Chrysanthemum 28.The number in each planting area is the key number.Prunus domestica. blue angelica lungwort 20.Ocimum basilicum 32.Pulmonaria officinalis. Origanum majorana. 31. Corsican 33.

The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. although it is ample at four feet. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Lowgrowing. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. a soil retainer. < previous page page_44 next page > . This is true also of the stone curbing. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. too. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The dipping bowl. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. two specimen shrubs. This hedge. pink of Dianthus. Instead.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. the dwarf box edging. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock.

S.A. Landscape Architect. .L. A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.

Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Lilium candidum. 52.Nepeta mussinii. Madonna 63. angel's-tears 59. spearmint 48.Leucojum aestivum. orange mint 8.Aloysia triphylla. arcticus 34.Thymus praecox subsp. 17. 46.Digitalis grandiflora. 56.Tulipa kaufmanniana. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. black cohosh windflower 15. 61. 53. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 20. 49. Compactus'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Galanthus nivalis.Levisticum officinale. sweet 47. 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 40.Allium giganteum angelica 11. American 38. 54. tulip citrata. thyme 29. golden thyme41. marjoram crocus 7. green santolina 37. clary 32.The number in each planting area is the key number. white 42. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Ocimum basilicum.Dicentra spectabilis.Sternbergia lutea. winter savory 39.Thymus herba-barona. 44. 50. prostrate rosemary 18. sweet 27.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Convallaria majalis. arcticus 30. 2. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. Thymus praecox subsp. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Mertensia virginica. lemon 60. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Crocus speciosus.Teucrium canadense. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. Salvia officinalis.57.Crocus kotschyanus. lamb's-ears 28. borage 31. 1.Allium christophii.Galium odoratum. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Cimicifuga racemosa.Narcissus asturiensis. sweet 55.Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus doerfleri.Helleborus lividus subsp.Myrica pensylvanica. verbena snowflake 19.Angelica archangelica. white creeping thyme lovage 10. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Mentha × piperita var.Pelargonium in variety.Borago officinalis.Hamamelis virginiana.Salvia sclarea. lily. gray 22.Anemone blanda. Stachys byzantina.Heliotropium arborescens. 43. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. Spanish bluebell 16. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Narcissus triandrus var.Helleborus niger. caraway thyme albus. rue25. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. angustifolia 'Nana'. lemon 33. 45.Pelargonium in variety.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Tulipa clusiana. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Mentha × piperita.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Crocus tomasinianus.Crocus angustifolius. 36. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Satureja montana. 51. 58. catmint 35. Origanum majorana.Mentha spicata. 26.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.

enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. First. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Second. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. The results have been most satisfying. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Morning sun warms it early.

Allium ampeloprasum. Beauty'.Salvia sclarea.Apium graveolens. leek 46. wild celery 42. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia lactiflora. French tarragon 5. lemon 21.A. 'Lambrook Silver'. sweet basil 23. Thymus × citriodorus. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Tulipa tarda. woolly thyme 3.Salvia officinalis.Allium neapolitanum.S. 1. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Artemisia dracunculus var. crocus 44.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.L. Artemisia absinthium 24. absinthe sativa. English thyme 43. 26. tulip 45. 25.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Porrum Group. Landscape Architect. Origanum heracleoticum. A.Crocus sieberi.Tagetes 'Lulu'. . Thymus praecox subsp. marigold 41. garden sage 4.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. clary thyme 22.

Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. monkshood upright yew 17.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Origanum majorana. viola holly 18.Dictamnus albus.Lobelia siphilitica. red currant gray santolina 13.Galium mollugo. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. lovage 34. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Hyssopus officinalis. 58.Allium senescens var. 8. lobelia Sherbert'. 32. curly parsley 20.Aloysia triphylla. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . Robert verbena Brydon'. weed chive 48. sweet 37. American elderberry 15.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. butterfly 47.Allium schoenoprasum.Aconitum napellus.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. fraxinella 36.Digitalis grandiflora. 39.Stachys byzantina. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Nepeta × faassenii. bee balm foxglove Choice'. catmint 53. clematis 11.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Levisticum officinale. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Achillea filipendula 60.Malus hupehensis.Ribes sativum. 29.Clematis 'Mrs. pink 30.Petroselinum crispum var.Cornus florida. great 31.Rosmarinus officinalis. 56.Artemisia camphorata. Viola odorata.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Dianthus × allwoodii.foxglove 7.Ilex opaca.Ipomoea alba. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. dogwood 19.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. lemon 50. blue 38. pale 49. yellow 55.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. 54. lamb's-ears 52.Tropaeolum minus.Santolina virens.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Lavandula angustifolia. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. alpine 28. green 40. American marjoram Yellow'.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Asclepias tuberosa. white evergreen azalea 16. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

repeats again the octagonal form. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A birdbath of copper. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. Well-drained as they are.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The four herb beds. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. are raised with bricks on edge. an impression of Sol in it. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. even though the growing area is not extensive.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

43. catmint 6. sweet basil 22. purple basil 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. orange santolina geranium 11.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Pelargonium tomentosum. Galium odoratum. 29. spearmint southernwood 5. Artemisia abrotanum. clove pink 10.Mentha spicata. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Pelargonium denticulatum. angustifolia.Joan E.Salvia officinalis. lavender 15. clary 21. silver mound artemisia 8.Salvia sclarea.Poterium sanguisorba.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. curly parsley 32.Heliotropium arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia.Nepeta mussinii.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. 16. bush basil 23. dill 18.Ocimum basilicum.Lavandula dentata. sativa.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. 1. Artemisia dracunculus var. prostrate rosemary 34. heliotrope 31. lemon 39.Mentha × piperita.Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium crispum.Allium tuberosum.Petroselinum crispum var. Semple.Pelargonium graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rue 35. purple variegated garden sage 36.Marrubium vulgare. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Santolina 25. French tarragon 7.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ruta graveolens. French 26. variegated garden sage 37. 27. absinthe 20. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 30.Aloysia triphylla. thyme salad burnet 40. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. 28. curly mint 3.Pelargonium odoratissimum. gray 'Prince of Orange'. white creeping thyme 12. Stachys byzantina. lemon 41. crispum. 42. lamb's-ears 17. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. rosemary 33.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet woodruff 9. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. peppermint 4. English thyme horehound 2. Artemisia absinthium.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. golden variegated garden sage 38. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. Anethum graveolens. 19.

In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. a toolhouse. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. lemon verbena. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. too. if neither is available. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. A birdbath may replace the pool. A suitable fence. < previous page page_52 next page > . this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. rose geranium. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. and lantana are a few.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. 9. lemon thyme 20.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium frutetorum. 13.Thymus praecox subsp. 7. absinthe 'Minimum'.Chenopodium botrys.Origanum majorana. crispum. Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. gray santolina chamomile 14. sweet santolina marjoram 6. woolly thyme 15.A.Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. zonal geranium 19.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. heliotrope 21. rosescented geranium 17. geranium 16.L. verbena ambrosia 4. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Santolina virens. zonal geranium 18. white creeping thyme 2. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. fern-leaf tansy 8. Landscape Architect.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. lavender 3.S. A. arcticus 'Albus'.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus × citriodorus.Tanacetum vulgare var. green 12.Artemisia absinthium 11. bush basil 5.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. The number in each planting area is the key number.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . 1.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Heliotropium arborescens.

Angelica. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . mints. the design is clearly traced. a deep mauve to others. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. These can easily obliterate a design. As the snows melt. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. box. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. The dwarf box frames the focal point. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Box and holly enclose it all. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. artemisias.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. but the design itself has endured forty years. apothecary's rose. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. a sundial. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Santolina neapolitana 36. crimson creeping thyme 18. lady's-mantle 46.Sedum telephium. florentina.Artemisia absinthium.Lamium album.Astrantia major. lilac 70.Alchemilla alpina.Arisaema dracontium.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Myrrhis odorata. clove pink 29. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Reseda luteola. Pelargonium in variety.Buxus sempervirens. Satureja montana. germander 43.Allium schoenoprasum.Perillafrutescens. gray 37. blue hyssop 42. Rosmarinus officinalis. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. Canadian burnet 13. Chamaemelum nobile. 58. lamb's-ears 33. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . thrift 41. white dead 49.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Iris × germanica var.47.James D.Stachys byzantina.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Galium odoratum. rue 23.Asclepias tuberosa. Tropaeolum majus.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lilium candidum. arcticus 38.Monarda fistulosa. butterfly weed35. 'Albus'. scented.Lavandula dentata.Origanum onites.Sempervivum tectorum. white creeping thyme French'. green. daffodil 17.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus niger.Syringa. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. skirret 53. sweet 27. 62.Vitis. rosemary 25.30. green santolina 24.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. blue 50.Asarum europaeum. sweet woodruff45. 67. 65. white 66. southernwood 2. garden sage Christmas rose 10. pot bergamot marjoram 7. chamomile 31.Pyrus communis. Dianthus caryophyllus.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. wild 52. French thyme Madonna lily 16. orris box 22. dyer's woad 9. piney 44. orris 57.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. yew Beauty'. perilla 51. weld 54. valerian 6. Origanum majorana. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box 21.Alchemilla vulgaris.63. 1. absinthe 34.Tanacetum vulgare var.Valeriana officinalis. arcticus 39.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. bronze 64. 55.Artemisia camphorata.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Taxus. leaf geranium French lavender 8. marjoram lungwort crispum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 56. bush basil nettle orpine 4. fern-leaf tansy 5. Graham. Santolina virens.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. nasturtium 28. winter savory 32. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Paeonia officinalis. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Symphytum officinale.Pulmonaria officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. 48. arcticus 40. 59. grape fennel 19. 26. feverfew 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia.Isatis tinctoria. masterwort 69. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Sium sisarum.Helleborus orientalis.Armeria maritima.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. alpine 60.

This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. If there is room for only one rambler rose. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. < previous page page_56 next page > . The brick edging around each bed is a help. However. but no panacea for the maintenance required. At the top of the steps. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. include this one. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. The large. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. pink.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. rising from the courtyard. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. In addition to the brick edging around each. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. Rosa 'Albertine'. with buds of red. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. They are small specialty beds.

angelica 20.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. 1. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Melissa officinalis. Angelica archangelica.Borago officinalis. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. lavender 4.Thymus × citriodorus. subsp.Rheum rhabarbarum. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 41. bush basil 43. alpine strawberry 3. lemon balm 42.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. caraway 24. rhubarb 2. 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Carum carvi. Lavandula angustifolia. garden sage 40. tansy Bois'. 23.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tanacetum vulgare. English thyme . foxglove 39.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.

Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. 31. geranium in 30. blue hyssop 25.R.6.'Baronne Prevost'. 36. thyme frutescens. musk rose 12. bourbon rose 10. 56. citrata. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . 35. prostrate rosemary 16. muscosa 15.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Satureja hortensis.Lavandula dentata.'Albertine'. pot 50. Mexican tea 18. pineapple34. Consolida ambigua.Anethum graveolens 47. 54. silver 27.Tagetes filifolia. 45. French'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. Irish-lace 48.Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon 51. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. cheddar pink 53.Dianthus Victoria'.Aloysia triphylla.R. curly parsley 26. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Origanum majorana.R. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Marrubium vulgare. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. French 33. Hyssopus officinalis. 49.R. marguerite chive 9. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.sativa.Calendula officinalis.Chrysanthemum 46.Pelargonium.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha × piperita var. salad 7. rose 28.R. 29. sweet 37.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.R. Pelargonium graveolens.Salvia elegans. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Poterium sanguisorba.Chrysanthemum. var.Petroselinum crispum var. centifolia var. centifolia.R. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. clove pink Mammoth'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Laurus nobilis.R. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Chenopodium 55.Artemisia dracunculus 44. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. centifolia 'Cristata'.

Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. It is near the house. Balance is augmented. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. as it should be.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. < previous page page_58 next page > . Laid in an unusual pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. too.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

heliotrope 3. 17. The number in each planting area is the key number.Poterium sanguisorba. blue hyssop 13.Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme 4. 23.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.A.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Satureja hortensis. 19.Allium schoenoprasum. chive lemon verbena 6.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.S. lavender 2. Landscape Architect.Santolina virens. 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. English thyme signet marigold 11. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. santolina moss rose 7. rosemary yellow viola 10. green 22. sweet basil 14. arcticus 'Albus'.Aloysia triphylla. 20. 24.Lucile Teeter Kissack. dwarf edging box 8. English'.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. 1.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. double white peony 5.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.L. dill 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Anethum graveolens. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . A. gray 15.Myosotis sylvatica. 21.

A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. and a comfortable. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. winter pruned. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The grape vines. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. and the grape arbor. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. too. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. the fence with roses. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. < previous page page_60 next page > . potted lemon verbena. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. Herbs.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Teucrium chamaedrys. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. marsh climbing rose. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. 3. purple variegated garden sage 4. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Valeriana officinalis. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Galium odoratum. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. lemon Linum perenne. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Aloysia triphylla.Connecticut Vera Breed. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. conical yew rosemary 1. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Stachys byzantina. Althaea officinalis. Nepeta mussinii. Iris cristata. BED II germander BED IV 2. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. three.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.

pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Chamaemelum nobile. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. lemon Anemone hybrida. plume Baptisia australis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. creeping thyme in variety 8. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Rosmarinus officinalis. angustifolia 'Munstead'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Thymus. Sempervivum. fairy rose Giant'. tuberosa 6. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Thymus × citriodorus. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. lavender 10. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . beach Marrubium vulgare. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. houseleek in variety 7. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Delphinium × belladonna. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. catmint 5. lemon thyme 9.

Either it flourished too well. grew too large. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. and bright green in the herb beds. myrtle. magnolia. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Another angle could be tried with these. holly. blue green. Later. its detail is shown below. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. tend to broaden the width of the garden. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Herbs. if desired. planted in bands across these beds. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Ivy. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. silver. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > .

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

tansy 45. 44. English thyme chamomile 2. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. 33. bayberry balm thyme 13.Hedera helix.Rosmarinus officinalis. silver-king artemisia 23. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . English'.Buxus sempervirens 14.Laurus nobilis.Chamaemelum nobile.Rumex scutatus. box chamaecyparissus. Borago officinalis.Thymus carnosus. dwarf edging box 11. woolly thyme 8. purple garden sage 7. Tropaeolum minus. Ocimum basilicum 22. borage 26. bee balm30. bay rosemary 12.Marrubium vulgare. lemon 29. Stachys byzantina.Myrica pensylvanica.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. caraway thyme 40. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. sweet woodruff 36.Pelargonium fragrans. white creeping thyme 41.Artemisia ludoviciana var. French 27.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum 24. thyme 37.Origanum majorana.Magnolia grandiflora.Artemisia abrotanum. 28. winter 'Purpurascens'. dwarf 21. thyme 38. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Ilex opaca. spearmint 42.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. 1. French thyme 39. salad 43. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp. myrtle 47.Melissa officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Thymus doerfleri. horehound germander 17. 'Minimum'. gray santolina 15. lamb's. bush basil albula.Poterium sanguisorba. rue 20.Mentha suaveolens.Mentha spicata.Thymus praecox subsp. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.19. ears rose geranium 3. 25. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. 49. lemon 46. lovage 48.Pelargonium × nervosum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lime geranium 4.Monarda didyma.Galium odoratum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus × citriodorus. Ruta graveolens.Thymus herba-barona.Vinca minor. 6.Pelargonium graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. English ivy burnet 10. sweet 34.Levisticum officinale.Tanacetum vulgare. American holly 31. purple basil savory 35.Satureja montana. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.

The use of flagstone. Laurus nobilis. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. standards. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. < previous page page_64 next page > . Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. too. The four potted bay. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. It is located for the best viewing. adding to the space for walking. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. There is variety in the walks. maypoles. and treessome of which are espaliered. brick. potted shrubs. It is a large garden. too. accent this prime focal point even more.

26. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.P. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. love-in.53. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Thymus × citriodorus.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.Chenopodium botrys. lemon 29.quercifolium.odoratissimum.Nigella damascena. winter 27. Satureja montana.50. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. 49. fragrans. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . wild 28.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.acerifolium. pot 52. musty oakscented geranium 5. apple English thyme up geranium 3.P. 1. 51. Johnny-jump.P. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 25.Viola tricolor.Calendula officinalis.P.P.

English lavender 32.Petroselinum crispum. radens 'Dr. lime geranium 55. crowfoot 70. denticulatum 11.Allium senescens var. golden lemon thyme 7.P. lemon-rose geranium 22. rose geranium66. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.72. bay 20. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.P. classic 21. Hyssopus officinalis. white sweet yarrow violet 13. Rosmarinus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. lettuce 40.P.Allium schoenoprasum.Poncirus trifoliata. lemon geranium 56. blue hyssop 10.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.6. fern-leaf 60.P. bronze 38. peppermint 67. cherry tomato chive 17.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. pine crispum.P.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.P. horehound 46. glutinosum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.× nervosum.Anethum graveolens. lemon geranium 33.Fragaria vesca. arcticus43.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Artemisia abrotanum. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. box 19. orange geranium 23.Thymus serpyllum. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Myrtus communis.Livingston'.Achilleafilipendula.Mentha. lemon balm 45. lemon 65.Marrubium vulgare. 71.Poterium sanguisorba.Forsythia. French tarragon Rose'. strawberry 48.Origanum majorana. crispum 'Minor'. denticulatum. 61.P. 44.Origanum dictamnus.Laurus nobilis.Mentha pulegium. lettuce 39.P. lemon southernwood geranium 34. fern-leaf 'Nana'. crispum.Artemisia dracunculus var. salad 42.P.Salvia caerulea. pheasant's.P.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Levisticum officinale. 62.P. 64. white creeping thyme geranium 68. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. sweet 37.Pelargonium crispum.P. camphor-scented geranium 69. wild thyme 31. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. dill 36.Salvia officinalis. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . parsley 35. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Malus. chamomile 8. lemon 47. 41. graveolens. Chamaemelum nobile.Aloysia triphylla. bee balm 63. tomentosum.Acorus calamus.Tanacetum vulgare var.Malus angustifolia. garden sage 54. sweet flag 16. radens. forsythia 'Albus'. 57.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. 58. rosemary 9.Monarda didyma.Lavandula angustifolia.Viola odorata.

It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. In keeping with this feeling. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. < previous page page_66 next page > . green santolina. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. This is a large garden by any standard. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. The result is one of sculptured elegance. too.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. and Allium karataviense. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Artemisia frigida.Levisticum officinale. 1. winter savory 9. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Allium christophii. arcticus. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . fringed 7. chive 4. apple mint 13.Satureja montana.Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia dracunculus var.Florence B. French tarragon schoenoprasum. lemon 11. wormwood fennel 2. Santolina virens.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium moly. garden sage 18. green santolina 14. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Baker. gray 10. dwarf garden 17.Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. big blue lilyturf 12. 15. Mentha suaveolens. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. 8.Salvia officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativa.Liriope muscari.Thymus × citriodorus.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. the upper deck. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Many herb gardens could provide this. and the front porch of the house. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the square.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. < previous page page_70 next page > . Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the circle. for the box after new spring growth.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

lavender 5. lemon 8.Chamaemelum nobile.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. chamomile 2.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. viola 3.Satureja montana. winter savory 4. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Cedrus deodara. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf edging box 7. Italian cypress 9. dwarf myrtle 6.Cupressus sempervirens.

Paths are gravel. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. as it was with this plan.. from Peter Coats. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Coin with Tudor rose design. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Roses.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

1. Chamaemelum nobile. winter 32. rosemary 16. Origanum majorana.Primula elatior.Myrtus communis. wild thyme 5.Petroselinum crispum.Calendula officinalis.Iris pseudacorus.Fragaria vesca.Viola tricolor.Bellis perennis.Lilium candidum. Eryngium maritimum.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon balm 31.The number in each planting area is the key number.Crocus sativus. monkshood27. 34.Ruta graveolens.Satureja montana. oxlip 17. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. Dianthus caryophyllus. Malva sylvestris. salad burnet 10. absinthe peppermint 8. sweet marjoram 3.Primula vulgaris. spearmint 30. pot marigold 15. English daisy 36. caraway 35. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. yellow flag 26. Foeniculum vulgare. Thymus serpyllum. sweet violet 6.Fumaria officinalis.Carum carvi.Mentha spicata. English pasqueflower primrose 14. Hyssopus officinalis. 19. chamomile 4. parsley 29. Madonna 23. fennel 21.Mentha × piperita. 25.Viola odorata. mallow 13. blue hyssop 2. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Lactuca sativa. clove20.Crithmum maritimum.Aconitum napellus.Melissa officinalis. 22.Anemone pulsatilla.Rosmarinus officinalis. saffron lily crocus 12. rue 33.Lavandula angustifolia. classic myrtle 18.Buxus sempervirens. earth 24. lettuce 28.

A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. along with a measure of fragrance. Selected for this reason. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. silver mound." Concrete blocks. but Always Love. However. white blooms and woolly. most of the blooms are nightscented. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. its tufted. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. white. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. plumed. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . spurred.

petunia 30. pink 15. lamb's.Marrubiam vulgare. silver 16.19. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. sweet 31.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. white 32. 17. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Stachys byzantina.Galanthus nivalis. silver mound artemisia 3.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. horehound 2.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Lilium candidum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus 'Argenteus'. white . Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Galium odoratum. 1.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Dictamnus albus. 'Albus'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.

Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Polianthes tuberosa. sweet violet 20.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Lunaria annua. white stock absinthe 10. clary 24. daffodil 35. rose 41. dame's honesty rocket 14. moonflower 39.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. rose 40. tuberose 36. 26. tulip 37.Salvia sclarea. Artemisia absinthium.Ipomoea alba. white 22.Iris × germanica var.21. tulip 38. Artemisia lactiflora.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Convallaria majalis. 25. Yucca filamentosa.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Matthiola incana. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . 23. white 27. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia stellerana. beach mugwort wormwood 9. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Artemisia ludoviciana. needle florentina.Hesperis matronalis. orris 8. western mugwort 7.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. lavender 12.6. 28. lily-ofthe-valley 11. albula. Viola odorata.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Adam's.Malus 'Guiding Star'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.

related to an old mill reconstruction. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. textures. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. too.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. Rather. required their use as an educational adjunct. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. This herb garden. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. < previous page page_76 next page > . Many of these herbs lack the hues.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. 37.Coreopsis tinctoria. bee 36. woad Susan laevifolium. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Crocus sativus. alkanet 52. Sansevieria trifasciata.Morus rubra or alba. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Rumex acetosa.Isatis tinctoria. 28.Genista tinctoria.Genista germanica.Prunus persica. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Cotinus coggygria. African 45. onion China jute 4.Pteridium aquilinum. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. Agave fourcroydes. black-eyed 50. 53.Phytolacca americana. peach bracken sorrel 19.Solidago species. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Dipsacus sativus.Sanguinaria canadensis. goldthread 41. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. Abutilon theophrasti.Indigofera tinctoria.Hypericum perforatum. sumac poke 17. Boehmeria nivea.Polygonum hydropiperoides. Linum usitatissimum.Anchusa officinalis.. madder 54.Filipendula ulmaria. queen. French 33.Coptis trifolia. 39.Reseda luteola. Manila 25. 22.Anthemis tinctoria.Galium odoratum.Carthamus tinctorius.Rhus typhina. garden 56. Hibiscus cannabinus.Furcraea hexapetala.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Cytisus scoparius. dyer's 31.38. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Allium cepa. yellow 55. Agave sisalana.Rumex obtusifolius. weld 57.Monarda didyma. St.Tagetes patula.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Musa textilis. 34. sweet 49.Convallaria majalis. fuller's 30. 35. 32.Chelidonium majus. blueberry 13.46. 48. 29. 1.Viburnum acerifolium.Agrimonia eupatoria.Mahonia aquifolium. lily.Parmelia conspersa. 26.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. flax 21. 23.Ligustrum vulgare. 43.51. 47. privet marigold 15.Berberis vulgaris. dyer's broom safflower 6. 20. sisal 27. Scotch broom hemp 7.Hydrastis canadensis. stinging nettle44. golden 40. Gossypium hirsutum. henequen marigold bearberry 8. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Galium verum. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Rubia tinctorum. broad 42.Rudbeckia hirta. ramie 24.Urtica dioica.Cladrastis lutea.Tagetes erecta.

A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. < previous page page_78 next page > . Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. as well as the roses. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. A totally appealing edging. Elsewhere.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

23. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. cl. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Seven Sisters'. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. cl. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 1. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 25. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. rambler 19. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'White Rose of York' 3. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Belle Amour' 6. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 22. 18. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'American Pillar'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. rambler 20. cl. cl. 'Sombreuil'. 24. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. Legras de St.

The notch of four square feet. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. Circles and angles provide interest.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

A. scorodoprasum. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. 27. 26. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. Petroselinum crispum var.Cichorium intybus. C. chive 42.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. 29. Capsicum annuum var. 40. sprouts celery 8. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. annuum 'Variegata'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.C. C.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.B.B. crispum 'Banquet'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. 39. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. 24.A. tuberosum.A. annuum 'Teno'. Boerner. ruby swiss chard var.B.B. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.B.C. 28. giant garlic var. white-flowered kale 49. cepa Proliferum Group. Beauty'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. kohlrabi Rock'. shallot Lakes'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. 48. C. annuum 'Pinocchio'.C. graveolens var.B.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.L.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. oleracea 'Green Parade'.Apium graveolens var.B. red 38. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. graveolens 'French Dinant'. annuum 'Nosegay'.A. dulce 'Utah 5270'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. annuum 'Golden Bell'. dulce 47. lycopersicum var.C. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. schoenoprasum.L. melongena 2.S. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.B. C. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.A. celery Bed 9.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.B.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. garlic chive 44. curly eggplant parsley 23. oleracea 'Red Acre'.A. C. leek 5. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. melongena 1. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. 45. 30. C. dulce 50. C.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B. 25.B. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Solanum melongena var. red 37. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.sativa 'Ruby'. cherry tomato 34.A. red-flowered kale 6. annuum 'Mosaic'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. celery Group.A.C.C.S. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. celery I 31. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. annuum 'Black Prince'. oleracea 'Prima'. annuum 'Red Boy'. graveolens var. 32. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. annuum 'Fips'. pear Purple Vienna'. graveolens var.annuum 'Floral Gem'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.esculentum 'Long Black'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.A. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. eggplant 43. 22.

arcs.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. and golden thyme. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. When viewed from the terrace above. winter savory. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. for each is a complete entity. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . All of the circles. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

acerifolium.S. rose geranium 27. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P. Marshall. rose-scented geranium 4. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. 19. pungent-scented geranium 25.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. A. tomentosum. scabrum. 29.P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. golden 11.P.' lemon geranium 23. lemon geranium 22. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.A. green 14. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Satureja montana.P.P. P. inkberry geranium 9. peppermint 26.P. apricot geranium28. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. graveolens. × domesticum 6. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P.P. radens 'Dr.. gooseberry geranium 24. Teucrium chamaedrys. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. crispum 'French Lace.Melissa R. Landscape Architect. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. × nervosum 'Torento'. 12.Myrica pensylvanica. grossularioides.P. P. Livingston'.L. The number in each planting area is the key number. Santolina virens.P. orange geranium 8. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. 17. Santolina chamaecyparissus. oak-leaved geranium 16.Ilex glabra. maple-leaved 18.P. 15.P. P. Assoc.× nervosum. 1. winter 13. germander crowfoot geranium 21.P. crispum. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P. odoratissimum.P.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . lime geranium Rose'.

extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive.Santolina virens. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. . or marble chips. To ease the care for a more complicated design. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. was planted using edging box only. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. filled with plants that have contrasting color. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. on page 37. especially when it is blooming." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. which is framed with a brick edging.Lavandula angustifolia. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. blue hyssop 3.Hyssopus officinalis. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. closed knot design. and growth to the plants of the knot design. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. For the knot to look its best at all times. such as a dwarf edging box. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. 1. Maintenance is high for a knot. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. English lavender 2. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. Its interspaces can be mulched. texture. sand.

green santolina 2.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens. gray santolina 3. 1. dwarf edging box 4.

and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. variegated garden sage . The knot material is maintained at six inches. arcticus 'Albus'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. lavender Japanese barberry 5. which is found more often out in the open. 8.officinalis 'Tricolor'. Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Munstead'. which are confined to that area. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.T. Teucrium chamaedrys. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. the height of the edging. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. herba-barona.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Some maintenance is required for clipping. fig 4.T. praecox subsp. creeping thymes. rosemary creeping thyme 2. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.S. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. white 7. caraway thyme 9. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. In another departure from the usual.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. purple variegated 11.

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Teucrium canadense. gray santolina 2. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. American germander 3. lavender . The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. germander . setting it off admirably. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.

2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.

They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. again laid on edge. pleasing color. each one a quarter-circle. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a complement for the colors of the plant material. < previous page page_88 next page > . Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. which are also laid on edge. adding another facet to an appealing design.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Artemisia arborescens.Salvia argentea. lavender 9. woolly yarrow 23.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Crithmum maritimum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. lavender 8. curry plant 7. tree germander 22. 18. rue 21.Lavandula dentata var.Salvia clevelandii.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helichrysum angustifolium.Santolina neapolitana 10. 17. Russian sage 24. 16. French lavender 3. candicans.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. golden marguerite 25.Anthemis tinctoria. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia frigida. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver sage 15. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Perovskia atriplicifolia.The number in each planting area is the key number.Teucrium fruticans. silver horehound 19.Leontopodium alpinum. blue sage 13. dwarf 12. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . 1.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. tree artemisia 26.Marrubium incanum.Dianthus × caryophyllus. dwarf gray santolina 20.Allium senescens var. silver thyme 6. lavender 5.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Stachys byzantina.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis marschalliana. grenadin pink chamomile 4. gray santolina 2. glaucum 11. samphire14.

but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. sweet marjoram. Styles of containers. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. thyme. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. The color of the container plays a lesser role. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. are without number. If one is familiar with herbs. which include hanging baskets. As with other plant material. and the savories. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Some are rosemary. lady's-mantle. basil. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. oregano. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. < previous page page_90 next page > . If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used.

< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance.

< previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

LandscapeArchitect.S. Of course supervision is necessary. However. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. A. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.L. If children's interest is not sustained. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. < previous page page_95 next page > . The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. such an outlay would be unwarranted.

and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. These are ''old roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. A sundial can be fun and also educational. < previous page page_96 next page > . Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Just keep a garden design for children simple. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Instead of benches on the patio. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. too. Children in this age group can help with the construction." selected for their greater fragrance. they are easily handpicked.

S.A. A.L. . Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.

dwarf 6. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium moly. damask rose 32. ambrosia 2.Artemisia abrotanum. summer savory 22. garden sage 24. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Petroselinum crispum var. southernwood 5. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. lily leek 30. crispum. 1. dill pennyroyal 11. English lavender 4.Salvia officinalis. borage 15. horehound 26. neapolitanum. Borago officinalis.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Tropaeolum minus.Allium sativum var. glaucum 31.Salvia sclarea. Dianthus plumarius.Anethum graveolens. 19. Italian parsley 23.Lavandula angustifolia. catnip 27.Calendula officinalis.Isatis tinctoria. ophioscorodon. 16.Allium senescens var. English lavender 7.Chenopodium botrys. 20. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. pot marigold 8. clary 25.Rosa gallica. Levisticum officinale. love-in-a-mist 14.Satureja hortensis.Rosa damascena.Artemisia camphorata. 13. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. lovage 12.Origanum majorana. alpine strawberry 3.rocambole 28.Allium tuberosum. cottage pink 18. Nigella damascena. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Marrubium vulgare. American 21. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garlic chive 29.Hedeoma pulegioides.Petroselinum crispum var. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Nepeta cataria.The number in each planting area is the key number.

The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. All are inviting to the touch. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. previously used as a skating rink. < previous page page_98 next page > . The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. are a seal and a turtle.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The sculptures. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The oval. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. not noted on the plan. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy.

Landscape Architect.A.R.A. F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .

sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. fat-hen Primula veris. winter savory Mentha. mint Galium odoratum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . catnip Chamaemelum nobile. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. Allium schoenoprasum. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. cowslip Linaria. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum.Hedeoma pulegioides. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. Greek Stachys byzantina. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. fleabane Stellaria. bee orchid Erigeron. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive dandelion Allium sativum. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. bee balm Satureja montana. borage Tanacetum vulgare. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. Foeniculum vulgare. lousewort Viola canina. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. mint Tagetes. tansy Monarda didyma. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. English Tussilago farfara. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. chamomile Mentha. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. coltsfoot Mimulus. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. Nepeta cataria. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. duckweed Antennaria. dog violet Lemna. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. marigold Salvia officinalis. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. Trifolium pratense. horsemint Justicia brandegeana.

There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Here. Still. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Their height eases the task of weeding. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. it is a most satisfying growing situation. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. A number of wooden window frames. < previous page page_101 next page > . are superb for displaying potted herbs. a mint. an exceedingly long one. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. for an old barn foundation of stone. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. Instead. developed particularly for study. and old barn beams another about the same height. Its plant list. its wooden structure long gone. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. feverfew. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

odorous thyme 104.O. abrotanum. thyme 102. purple basil English lavender 18. basil blue hyssop 15. 43. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Sium sisarum. balm horehound 14. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. wormwood germander 9. golden thyme 98.Galium odoratum. officinalis 'Aurea'.Pelargonium crispum. viper's 65.Rosmarinus officinalis. rose sativa. 62. rampion 81.Geranium robertianum. 'Purpurascens'.A. rose costmary campion 23.Lychnis coronaria. alpine savory 89. graveolens.Viola odorata.Ocimum basilicum. odoratissimum.Valeriana officinalis. crimson creeping thyme 96. marsh mallow 13.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 41.Agastache cana.Campanula persicifolia. pontica. camphor. absinthium. garden sage 84. absinthe 51. variegated garden sage 87. yarrow herb Robert 4.Campanula rapunculus.Satureja montana.A. pallasianus. sweet celandine marjoram 28. 1. basilicum 56.Asarum canadense. sweet cicely 94. foxglove 2. stellerana. 55.O.S.T. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.T.Physalis heterophylla. mosquito plant 19. onites. plantain 80.Hypericum perforatum.Angelica archangelica. wild lemon basil ginger 16. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 44.Nepeta mussinii. 60.Veronica serpyllifolia.Sempervivum tectorum.Achillea millefolium.Chelidonium majus.O.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon thyme 100.Acinos alpinus.Althaea officinalis. creeping veronica . angelica lemon geranium 5.Alchemilla vulgaris.Genista tinctoria. pink 58.P. golden marjoram 26. silver thyme 105. praecox subsp. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Viola tricolor. lesser 67. sweet violet 40.Digitalis purpurea.T. caraway thyme 103. bee balm lovage 20. arcticus 'Albus'. camphorata.O. Roman 46. 48. pot marigold 25. 50.Plantago major. 42. betony 92.Rubia tinctorum. French tarragon geranium 7.A. sweet 53.Calendula officinalis. tomentosum. × citriodorus.Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Clear Gold'. didyma 'Rosea'.T. herba-barona.Hyssopus officinalis. St.Monarda didyma.Salvia officinalis. richardii subsp. lemon 52. woolly thyme 101. celandine madder 79. white creeping thyme 97. praecox subsp.A.M.Tanacetum vulgare var.Ruta graveolens. beach 47. catmint 63.S.Melissa officinalis.Myrrhis odorata. nitidus.T.T.Echium vulgare.Pulmonaria officinalis.Stachys officinalis.Euphorbia cyparissias. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.P. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Agastache foeniculum. arcticus 'Coccineus'.O. rue 83. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. Grecian 59.Levisticum officinale. crispum. 64.49. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.T 'Argenteus'. 61.T.Thymus praecox subsp.A. majorana.Aloysia triphylla. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. calamint valerian 24. southernwood ground cherry 10. 66. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Stachys grandifora 93.Marrubium vulgare.Calamintha grandiflora. southernwood houseleek 12. golden lemon thyme 99. skirret 90.S. 54. winter savory 88. golden variegated garden sage 86.P.Ranunculus ficaria. bee balm57. fern-leaf tansy 95. basilicum 'Minimum'.T. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. rosemary 82.-John'swort 91. purple variegated garden sage 85. lemon verbena 106.Digitalis lanata.A. 45. apple wormwood geranium 8.Artemisia dracunculus var.

veronica 108.Cichorium intybus.Origanum dictamnus.Yucca filamentosa. tree onion 112. pineapple mint 31.29. orange mint 32.Anthriscus cerefolium.Primula veris.cepa.Verbascum thapsus. evening 77.Prunus pensylvanica. 114. 73.Atriplex hortensis.Chamaemelum nobile.Myrtus communis. Madonna lily leucanthemum. 71. apple mint 69.Lilium candidum. × piperita var. ostrowskianum 34. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.M. feverfew cinerariifolium. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. 76. curry plant mullein 35.Chrysanthemum 74.Helichrysum angustifolium. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . Proliferum Group. wild 116. × gentilis.Origanum vulgare. citrata.Laurus nobilis.Lysimachia vulgaris.M.M.M. moth 113. spicata. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Oenothera biennis. pin cherry 39. chamomile 30.Chrysanthemum parthenium. yucca 109.A. blattaria.Isatis tinctoria.Dianthus plumarius 75.Allium sativum. chervil 68.Symphytum officinale.V. orach115.Sorbaria sorbifolia. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Chrysanthemum 78. red mint comfrey 33. chicory 70. suaveolens 'Variegata'. garlic 111.Veronica officinalis.A. cowslip 72. dyer's woad 110.Mentha suaveolens. spearmint 107.

and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. of good proportion for the size of the opening. A statue of St. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. < previous page page_104 next page > . The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. not just hiding it. but not obvious. its outline constructed of brick. Francis. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. A wheelshaped bed. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. Sidney Ephedra viridis. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. AREA VI japonica. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. cat Watsonia rosea. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. lion's-ear prismaticum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. poet's Solidago californica. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Vetiveria zizanioides. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. white Justicia carnea. AREA IV Ixia maculata. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. Cestrum nocturnum. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Eleocharis dulcis. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . mullein Convolvulus cneorum. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. potato Brassica eruca. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Eriobotrya japonica. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. loquat Cichorium intybus. labdanum Cistus crispus. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. menthifolia.

emphasizes the circle. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The exterior brick path. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. or potpourri. not only for hardiness where needed. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. scented-leaf geraniums. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. to name a few. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. and a third a culinary garden. another a Mary garden. One is a garden of legends. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. is a center of interest. < previous page page_106 next page > . All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. an "old rose" and fragrant. but also for proper leaf size. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Viola tricolor.20.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet marjoram basil 12. yellow 25.Calendula officinalis. English ivy rosemary 8.The number in each planting area is the key number. Chamaemelum nobile. pot 26. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Salvia officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. Anethum graveolens.Lamium album. angelica 2. hyssop rose 9.Ruta graveolens.Crocus sativus. white dead 24.Brassica nigra. spearmint 22. sweet 21.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum. Linum usitatissimum. rue 28. dill 11. black 23.Hedera helix. Angelica archangelica. Johnny-jump. chamomile 3. flax 17. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Artemisia absinthium. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. costmary 6. pyrethrum 5. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. blue 18. chive bedstraw 16. English thyme 13.Origanum majorana.Ornithogalum umbellatum. lady's. garden up sage 10.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.19. 27. absinthe 4. saffron crocus marigold 7.Mentha spicata. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Narcissus mustard 14.Alchemilla vulgaris.Galium verum. Hyssopus officinalis.

biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. < previous page page_108 next page > . It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving.

Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. lemon balm Mentha spicata. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. sweet Myrtus communis. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. perennial flax Galium odoratum. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. clove Marrubium vulgare. thyme Cnicus benedictus. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Cotinus coggygria. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. beach Monarda didyma. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. Artemisia absinthium. Russian 'Prostratus'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. bay Echeveria × imbricata. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. rue Malva alcea var. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Myrrhis odorata.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. fastigiata. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. blue Lamium maculatum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita.

but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. too.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. and huge. < previous page page_110 next page > . features a closed knot of superior design. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. Viewed from the terrace garden. millstones. This is a general rule observed. Appropriately used as accents. The generous use of edgings. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. simply on a smaller scale.

angustifolia 'Munstead'. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Routine clipping is required.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. that of good proportion. blue hyssop 3. of greater size than is commonly found. six feet in diameter.Teucrium chamaedrys.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. lavender 5. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. 'Tiny Rubies'.Santolina virens. and the mulch.L.S.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. dwarf box .A. The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. green santolina 6. cheddar pink 4. gray santolina 7. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. germander 2. Design plan of herb garden 1. A. Landscape Architect. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.

sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. box Calycanthus fioridus. honey locust Cornus florida. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. shadbush Salix caprea. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. plum Prunus maritima. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. japonica. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. dogwood Pinus nigra. box Myrica pensylvanica. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. quince Magnolia virginiana. beach plum Corylus avellana. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. black haw Prunus americana.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. goat willow Sassafras albidum. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > .

caraway thyme T. its plant material varied. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Salvia. Lavandula. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Rosmarinus. herba-barona. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. praecox subsp. However. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Currently. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. arcticus T. and a miscellany of others. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. As a rule. silver thyme T. 'Annie Hall' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. leucotrichus T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. 'Doone Valley' . arcticus 'Rosea' T. doerfleri T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Argenteus'. praecox subsp. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T.

angustifolia. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. Mexican bush sage S. involucrata. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. 'Clear Gold'. leucantha. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustissimus. purple variegated garden sage S. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. anise sage S. woolly thyme T. dentata. greggii. vulgaris 'Albus' T. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. English lavender L. officinalis 'Prostratus'. guaranitica. heterophylla. ramie . tree germander Boehmaria nivea. autumn sage S. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia subsp. praecox subsp. sweet lavender L. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. golden thyme T. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. crimson creeping thyme T. pine-scented rosemary R. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia subsp. golden rosemary R. angustifolia 'Rosea' L.T. blue sage S.

Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Hesperis matronalis. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. horsetail. Herniaria glabra. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Sium sisarum. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Circumstances determined these priorities. culinary. rupturewort. Primarily. to lure bees. Cheloneglabra. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. used in salads or boiled. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. constructed of brick made on the property. balmony. Prunella vulgaris. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . for scrubbing pots. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Smith. which were located between the water supply. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. The house. a well beside the house. obedient plant. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. family needsmedicinal. Equisetum arvense. to sweeten the air. Physostegia virginiana. The apple trees. L.

Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. while functional. too. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. too. < previous page page_116 next page > . The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Today. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. for a few are in use now. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Wisteria frutescens. rosemary 2.Rosa banksiae. 16.Pinus taeda. wisteria 13.Lonicera flava.Rosmarinus officinalis. fig 6.Laurus nobilis.Punica granatum. 1. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Syringa × persica var. southern laciniata.Lagerstroemia indica.Ficus carica. Gardenia jasminoides.Lonicera sempervirens. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. pomegranate 3. 15. Banksia rose 14. trumpet 11. garlic 9.Allium sativum.Prunus angustifolia. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. yellow 12.Malus angustifolia.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. bay 7. Cape jasmine 10.Sambucus canadensis.

< previous page page_118 next page > . It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. too. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The effect would be quite different without them. Italy. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Appropriately. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Melissa officinalis. fuller's teasel 67.Ilex opaca.Foeniculum vulgare. 50. pot 48.Ilex vomitoria.Ruta graveolens.Galium odoratum. 42.Acorus calamus. blue 44. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Symphytum officinale. 1. 70.Allium schoenoprasum.Agrimonia eupatoria. tansy 65.Xanthoriza simplicissima. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Gaultheria procumbens. 45. bee balm 28. yarrow lungwort 22. 37.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 68.Chamaemelum nobile.Dipsacus sativus. 61.Levisticum officinale. myrtle 53. agrimony 58.Mentha pulegium. yaupon pink southernwood 12. box chamomile 9.Verbascum thapsus.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet shrub 10.Cimicifuga racemosa. gray santolina witch hazel 11. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 33.Borago officinalis.Sassafras albidum.Buxus sempervirens. saffron crocus 25.Rosa laevigata. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 60. fennel 40. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Anethum graveolens. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Tanacetum vulgare.Colchicum autumnale. 55. lovage 35. lemon 26. butterfly 32. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Monarda didyma.Hypericum perforatum. dogwood horehound 18. sweet flag marigold 24.Asclepias tuberosa.Chimaphila umbellata.Lonicera sempervirens.Lindera benzoin.Teucrium chamaedrys. yellow-root 7. 30. American holly 16. blue 46. horsemint lobelia 23.Mentha × piperita. bay lavender wintergreen 21. 54.Rubus allegheniensis. 66.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Calycanthus fioridus. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. clove 36. mullein 49. foxglove 41.Calendula officinalis. catnip 34. peony 51. sweet 64.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia officinalis.Laurus nobilis. borage 31. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Asarum virginicum.Lilium candidum.Dianthus caryophyllus.Marrubium vulgare.Pinckneya pubens.Cassia marilandica.Monarda punctata.Lavandula angustifolia.Paeonia officinalis. 43.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Elizabeth Lawrence. garden sage 59.Populus balsamifera. balm autumn crocus 2.Punica granatum.Lobelia siphilitica.Cornus florida.57. wild ginger69. spearmint 62.Armoracia rusticana. sativa. sweet 27. peppermint 52.Vinca minor. 63. rue 56. senna woodruff 15.Mentha spicata. great 47.Nepeta cataria.Pulmonaria officinalis. St. basil chive 3.Hyssopus officinalis.Eupatorium perfoliatum. dill 39. 38.Crocus sativus.Digitalis purpurea.Achillea millefolium. black 29. hyssop sassafras 20.Hamamelis virginiana. white periwinkle spicebush 13.

Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. preventives. and fragrances they developed. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. 1 T. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. < previous page page_120 next page > . This is true for the remedies. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. In any event. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. of herbs for one loaf of bread.

Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia.Digitalis purpurea. apothecary's rose 22. quince 24.Artemisia absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis. horsemint 20. garden sage 8.Monarda punctata. peppermint 18. sweet basil 13.Satureja montana. English thyme rosemary 7. horehound 15.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Cydonia oblonga.Carum carvi. Calendula officinalis. 1. opium poppy 5.Nepeta cataria.Origanum majorana. foxglove 12.Mentha × piperita. spearmint 17.Tanacetum vulgare.Viburnum prunifolium. pot marigold 2. English 10. winter savory 4. absinthe 9. lavender lovage 3. caraway 19.Papaver somniferum. black haw 23. 14. sweet marjoram 6.Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 21. tansy 11.Ocimum basilicum.Pyrus communis.Marrubium vulgare. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . catnip 16.Mentha spicata.

its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Thus it was for this garden. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Some could be used singly. The main paths of brick unify the garden. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. one dated 1759. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. often it is reconstructed. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. The beds are used to achieve balance. and bricks raise the beds. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. the other 1761. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. to study it. and if the best has not always survived. < previous page page_122 next page > . for example the large square bed with circular path. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. Allowed such freedom of expression. from early Moravian settlements. centrally located. Shaded by hop vines. makes it something of a focal point. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage.

< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.S.L. Landscape Architect. Campbell.A. A. .

caraway 72. English thyme 2. clary 30. virgin's bower 40.Gelsemium sempervirens. 52. French rose 18.Tropaeolum minus.Clematis virginiana.Vitis. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Nepeta cataria.Artemisia vulgaris.Rumex acetosa. lovage 9. 81. madder 16.Cnicus benedictus.Lilium candidum.Consolida ambigua. hyssop maypop 42.Narcissus tazetta.Narcissus poeticus. rue 14.Cornusflorida.Rubia tinctorum. 68. blue 69. fennel marjoram 28. stock 50. marsh mallow 7.Alcea rosea. hollyhock 51.Achillea millefolium.Bellis perennis.Silybum marianum. love. sweet 55.Rheum rhabarbarum. 74. English 78.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. rosemary49. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Rosa gallica.Salvia officinalis. 80. red pepper 20.Rosa centifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. corn poppy 79. sorrel 65.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa damascena.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. holy thistle 58.Allium schoenoprasum. rhubarb 10.Rosa roxburghii. grape larkspur 41. yarrow 4.Borago officinalis.Saponaria officinalis. annual clary 3.Pulmonaria officinalis. columbine 29.Cercis canadensis. hop southernwood 39. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. daisy crape myrtle 23.Armoracia rusticana.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. poet's narcissus 61. elecampane 11.Carum carvi. 66. garden nasturtium 12. orach 76. basil moss rose 44. dwarf nasturtium 13.Passiflora incarnata.Mentha × piperita.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Allium sativum. redbud 24. balm chive 37.Mentha spicata.Amaranthus caudatus.Althaea officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Origanum majorana. lemon 64.Rosmarinus officinalis.Atriplex hortensis. garden sage 15. eglantine Group. cabbage angustifolia.Dianthus caryophyllus.Papaver rhoeas.Humulus lupulus.Ruta graveolens. sweet 71. parsley 32. black cumin 46. chamomile 17.Hydrangea quercifolia. lavender rose 21. absinthe 45. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . blue 63.Lagerstroemia indica.Tropaeolum majus.Tanacetum vulgare. mugwort67. 48. borage 5. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. betony 82. spearmint 57.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Salvia sclarea.Coriandrum sativum. dill 73. tansy 6.Artemisia absinthium.Salvia viridis. blessed thistle 8. comfrey 33.Hyssopus officinalis.Scabiosa atropurpurea. garlic lungwort 36.Celosia cristata.Nigella sativa. 54. asparagus 31.77. horehound 56. feverfew southern magnolia 27. damask coriander rose 19.Marrubium vulgare.Foeniculum vulgare.Matthiola incana.Inula helenium.Anethum graveolens.Rosa eglanteria. polyanthus narcissus 60. chestnut rose 43.Chamaemelum nobile. autumn crocus 34. cockscomb 47.Crocus sativus.Colchicum autumnale.Asparagus officinalis. clove 53. Carolina jessamine 38.Stachys officinalis.Aquilegia vulgaris. 1.Magnolia grandiflora.Rosa moschata.Ficus.Petroselinum crispum. Madonna lily 59. catnip 70.Levisticum officinale.Symphytum officinale. 62.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

First. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Thus. The lesser the scale. Usually this is least desirable. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Although some observations may seem obvious. A ravine and existing. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. far from the house. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. the western. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and the north point is established. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). even boggy. it is proper to make a trial run. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The next most desirable exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. This space was never adequate. Calluna (heather).

Culinary herbs will fill a large. Indeed. all four sides are so determined. and the property line on the last. There is the housegarage structure on one side. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. 127 indicates. but it need not be identical. Then. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. The new herb garden has been located. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. < previous page page_126 next page > . a driveway on still another. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The outline is fixed. The. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. single bed. and the search did not take long. certainly not precisely the same. It was a pleasurable assignment. another is close to the rear of the house.ground where drainage is better. as the drawing on p. The general outline is similar. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used.

With the herb beds placed near the drying room. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. this low wall will enclose the garden area. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. With the plan established. If. then north. Two drawings were required to work out problems. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. forming the outer boundary of the service path. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. In fact. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. as in this case. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. something is amiss. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. In addition. There was no . If all is well.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. However. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. In this area. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. In the earlier stage of planning. A structural edging was in order. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. the eight-foot length was more practical. and the finished edging would be effective. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. eight. In this case. Before edgings could be put in place. not one completed in a weekend. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. however. At corners. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. . However. the site required some leveling. this was. a lapped joint was fashioned. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. admittedly. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. leaves.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. for they will likely have more traffic. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Aged compost. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. Heavy black plastic. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. One is the ramp to the driveway. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. A choice of five colors was available. this same base underlies all the paths. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. Weeds. could serve this purpose. had been proof of that. filling the beds with soil was next. The pattern is running bond. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. sand. Unfortunately. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. but there are exits to different levels. This method of treatment now guarantees . These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. selected for its simplicity. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth.

A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. on a trial run of one course of brick. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. even bed for the pavers. However. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. worth the added cost.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind.

These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. French drains. With the completion of the paths. Sometimes called "rubble drains. . came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. and the steps to other levels. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. In this instance." their construction can be somewhat varied. converging where it was logical to do so. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. for it would interfere with the drainage system. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. since that path borders the house.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. the terraced area. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. Herbs have flourished in the beds. learned about decades earlier.

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hundredths of an inch. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. in tenths of an inch. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. for example. Its arrow points north and.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. often a wall or trellis. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. twelfths of an inch. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. is symmetrical. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . for example. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. sixteenths of an inch. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. having a variety of gradations. a garden plan. and so on. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. and so on. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. E EllipseAn oval. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. casts the shadow for the hour. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. in inches. albula.

G GazeboA freestanding.3. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances.brick) in the same course. a patterned garden. ForthrightA straight course or path. Usually a few inches thick. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. roofed structure usually open on the sides. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. heated especially by fermenting manure. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. also called rubble drain. turf. a flat. sometimes covered with earth or more stones.3). a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. M ManufactoryA factory. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Pea gravelSmall. GrindstoneMillstone. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. loose. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. or colored earths. its compartments filled with flowers. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. rounded fragments of rock. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone.

rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. W Wall. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. < previous page page_132 next page > . ranking between species and variety. cutting. Stone. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. often planted with aromatic herbs. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. or steps. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. walls. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. R Rose. not treelike or with a single trunk. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Turf seatBanked-up earth. snug fit for walks. TreillageLatticework for vines. V VarietyA category below species. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. called also a hose cock.

1976. Flannery. Doran & Co. New York: Macmillan. Fox. Book of the Geranium. H. Henry. Greenwood. Carpenter. Baumgardt. Foster. John. Brookes. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Berrall.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. P. Dutton & Co. and Garden. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1958. L. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Bailey. London: Saturn Press. Peter. Frances A. P. Brownlow. 1911. Aurora. New York: G. New York: Macmillan. 1944. How Plants Get Their Names. 1972. Darrah. 1971. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. L. Garden Design.C. London. 1962. The Small Garden. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1970. Gertrude B. S. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1942. British Plants. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Foley. New York: Macmillan.. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Agnes. 1980. Terrace. Mo. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Beston. New York: Crown Publishers. New York: E. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Hanging Plants for Home. The Herb Garden. Hortus Third. 1966. 1933. T. Park's Success with Herbs. Earle. 1979. Sevenoaks. Green Enchantment. 1961. London: Macmillan. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden.. H. Rosetta E. 1963. Bailey Hortorium. Roses. New York. ed. 14701670. Park Seed Co. Kent: The Herb Farm. Helen H. Seal. London: Adam and Charles Black. Robert Lee. Charlotte. . Garden City: Doubleday. Behme. Staff of. 1973. W. 1951. Prof. Rosemary F.: Buckeye Printing Co. Toronto. New York: Macmillan. Foster. Helen Morgenthau. Putnam's Sons. and Louden. Complements. 1902. 1938. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. London: Country Life. Daniel J. Crowe. Edlin. . Coats.. Bardswell. Batsford. Julia S. Alice Morse. 1982. Room Outside. Herbs and the Earth. Jot. New York: Hawthorne Books. 1977. Erichsen-Brown. 1971. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Margaret E. London: Marshall Cavendish. John Philip. John E. New York: Viking Press. Sylvia. Independence. 1951. New York: Dover. Clarkson. Herbsfor Every Garden. 1935.. 1957. Liberty Hyde. Herbals.. and Accessories. Cross. Gertrude B. Harriet Ballard. . Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. New York: Viking Press. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1972. Sydney: B.: Geo. 1980. The Cultivated Basils. 1966.

Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. M. New York: Dover. Harold N. New York: Crown Publishers. Carol. Claire. Wynnewood. 1961. Dutton & Co. Boston. 1974. 1983. 1970. and Synge. Loewenfeld. Loyal R. 1981. and Alma L. J. New York: William Morrow & Co. 1973. Landscaping with Vines. P. C. Hamel. 1976.. 1981. 1982. Sarah. Myron. A Garden of Herbs. Modern Herbal.. Moldenke. Frances. Frederic. Gardens in Winter.. New York: Clarkson N. Eigel. How to Select. Alice Recknagel. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1975. Simmons. Hendrickson. Grieve. chemist.. Toronto: Little. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. New York: Viking Press. and Rice. Mrs. Jr. Lerner.. Philippa. New York: De La Mare. 1938. Rosengarten. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Kiaer. Neri. Potter.. Miller. 1970. Franco. A. George H. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Krauss. 1979. Loewenfeld. 1946. Norma Jean.. 1964. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Early American Gardens... 1971. Adelma G. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Johnson. Division Billboard Publications. Eleanour Sinclair. London: George Routledge & Sons. Muenscher. New York: Doubleday. Lathrop. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. and Back. Jones. McFarland. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Vegetable Dyeing. 1911. 1959. Walter. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Lawrence. London: Faber and Faber. Elizabeth. Leighton. Books. Brown & Co. New York: E. 1972. Robert.. 2d ed. 1966. Paul B. Dorothy Bovee. New York: Macmillan. Johns. Lesch. New York: Macmillan. Ireys. 1951.. Roy. 1978. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Lawrence. . How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. The Concise Handbook of Roses. 1975. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Hay. Bernard Hickey. New York: William Morrow and Co. Vicenza. Cherokee Plants. Italy. New York: Macmillan. The Book of Spices. The Art of Dyeing. 1976. 1971. Roses of the World in Color. Grow and Enjoy. New York: Harper & Bros. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Flowers of the Field. Rev. 1974. Howard.: Livingston Pub. New York: Dover. Patrick M. Alma. Plants of the Bible. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Claire. Waltham.: Herald Publishing Co. Boston. Horace. (1st American edition trans. New York: Van Nostrand. Ann. and Brunello. The Herb Garden. and Chiltoskey. The Berry Book. Pozza. Mass. P.) Rohde. N.: Chronica Botanica Co. Shaker Herbs. Mary U. 1969. ed. A Biblical Garden.Garland. Tucson: H.C. Helen K. Pa. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Co. < previous page page_133 next page > . Sylva. 1969. 1952. M.. Amy Bess. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Herbs.

W T. L. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Mrs. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Hammond Crawford.L. . Shrub Roses of Today.A. Jack Emil Geist. L.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.L. 1953. L. Keebler. Yang. Linda. Griffin. Jr. Katherine S. L. 1976. Morss. Mrs. 1931. Taylor. 1974. Peter M. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Mrs. Mrs.A. Rhoda Specht. Martin's. Bates.A. and Mrs. New York: McGraw-Hill.A. Sandy Hicks. Marion E. Botanical Latin. Philip Batchelder. Mrs. Stuart. Bradner. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. William Y Dear. Bleecker. Sherry D. Revised by Dr.. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Helen Noyes.The Old Shrub Roses. Cozart. Wilson.A. Building Stone Walls. A. 1972. Mrs. Neil Hamill Park. John Poinier. Benjamin McF. Norman.. Hines. Vt..A. Mrs. Vivian. The Fragrant Garden.A. A. Mrs. L. The History of Gardens. Jr. McGarry. Winthrop G. Melissa R. John Ormsbee. Mrs. Stearn. William T. Campbell. Paxton. Plants of the Bible. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. James D. Toronto: Van Nostrand. New York: Doubleday.. Donald Paxton. 1979.. Raymond V. Bush.S. Austin R. New York: St. 1979. and Robert B. New York: Hafner. Mrs. 1953. Ingersoll. Wilder. Robert G. Mrs. Maxton Davies. Alfred L.A. Landscape Architecture. George T.. Michael. Mrs. Lamm.S. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Diane C. L.. New York: Farrar. L. Frank M. Esther. Herbert G.. 1965. 1979. Graham Stuart. H. 1976. Leonard Dreyfuss. Meyer. Fragrance in the Garden. Marshall. 1962. Martin. George.A. Madalene Hill. Henry Gund. 1961.A. London: Phoenix House.. John. ed.A. Mrs.. L.. Elisabeth W. . . Giroux. Pees. Mrs. Mrs.. New York: Bobbs-Merrill.. Helen Van Pelt. W. Bynam. William Radler. Charles L. Vera Breed. A.. New York: Dover. London: Phoenix House. Berkeley Brandt. A. Charlotte. 1972.. Mrs. Boston: Ralph T. C. Robert K. Amy Bess Miller. Boerner. Indianapolis. F. New York: William Morrow & Co. Climbing Roses Old and New. Herbs in the Garden. Associate.: Garden Way. New York: Simon & Schuster.. New York. Stearn. Christopher.A. Container Gardening Outdoors. Mrs. ed. Smith. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.A. Webster. Lucile Teeter Kissack. New York: St. Graham.A.A. 1982. New ed.. Mrs. Virginia B. Martha Dahlen. and Bell. 1975. 1966. Rev. Plimpton. Zohary. Mrs. Hale & Co. James C. Jo Lohmolder. L. Moffit. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Thomas. New York: William Farquhar Payson.L. Susan W. White. L. Nelva M..A. Tarantino. 1972. Straus. Mr. Onward and Upward in the Garden. New York. Weber. T. Taloumis. Singleton. William T. William W.R. Malcolm.. Jr. The Fragrant Year. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.A.D. L. Gannaway. L. The Shakespeare Garden.. Elizabeth Lawrence.. 1957. 1967. A. Price. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Leonie. Margaret Osborn Holt.. Baker.A. L. Mrs. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. New York: Simon & Schuster.S. . 1942. Charles Patch. Louise Beebe. Thacker. Mrs.. Barbara Capen. Mrs. William C. Mrs. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Z. Martin's Press. L.

Milton C. Ohio. Mass. Shaker Community.. Joan E. Atlanta Historical Society.A. Ohio. Mrs. Cleveland. Booker Worthen. Wilcox. G. Smith (Ann Leighton)... L.. Old Slater Mill Museum. Ark. Gayle. Old Salem. Milton Stricker. Hancock.. Christopher Rady. Helen M.A.. Elbert Smith. Kingwood Center. Talbot III. Mrs. L.. Bailey. L.Rady. Matthew Miksch House. Mrs.C. Mrs. Inc. John A.C. Hales Corners. < previous page page_134 next page > . Atlanta. Western Reserve Herb Society. Linda Yang. Rose. Little Rock. civic. University of Michigan. L. Walter Rebmann. Isadore L. Jean Ruh.A. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. N. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P.. Derthick. Skinner.A. Mrs. Hancock Shaker Village. Mrs. N. Mrs. Eric Duke Scott. Ann Arbor. and Mrs. Linda Yang. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Whitman. L. Mr. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Faith H....H. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Joe H. R. Swanson. Nathan Sameth. Mansfield. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Mrs. Christopher Spencer. Wisc. Mich.I. Frederick E. Weeks Brick House. Lansing. Greenland. Semple. Eloise andJo Ray. Timothy Procter Ruh. Mrs.. Plain Dealer Photo. Inc. The following provided historical. James S. Architect. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.. Harper.. Lawrence Schetky. James F.. Ga. Mich. The Country Doctor Museum. Pawtucket. N. Michigan State University. Winston-Salem. Roberts. Edmund G.

C. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. barbadensis A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. officinalis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . A. A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Narcissus triandrus. A. E. maritima L. Myrrhis odorata. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. azoricum. Y smalliana Agrimonia.

tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. F.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. M. Solanum aculeatissimum S. officinalis Populus. officinalis. laevis Rhododendron . false Galium aristatum. albula A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. lycopersicum. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. V. V. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. melongena var. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. acerifolium. ludoviciana var. Lamium album Viburnum. Monarda didyma Crataegus. S. grandiflorus Melissa M. podagraria Asparagus A. G. P. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. P. schmidtiana 'Nana' A.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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M. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. angustifolia.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. B. Mertensia virginica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. deltoides Campsis radicans. coronaria . Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. chrysantha Symphytum S. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris A. oleracea. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. P. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica.

wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. B. angustifolia. verna. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. alpinum R. coronaria. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. ioensis Vaccinium. N. V. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Italian D Daffodil M. B. maculatum G. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. alpinum R. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. sativum R. macrocarpon. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. M. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. V. C. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . M. pseudonarcissus miniature N.

R. rivieri. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Sansevieria. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. obtusifolius R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. H. triphyllum . crispus. T officinale Bellis. A. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Hosta H. x superbum Hemerocallis. A. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Ferocactus latispinus. obtusifolius Rumex R. R. C. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. lilioasphodelus H. frutescens C. acetosa. lilioasphodelus. D.

N. pungens Sambucus S. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . C. Gnaphalium. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. C. S. Helichrysum.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Centaurea cineraria. arvensis. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Senecio cineraria. Lychnis coronaria. azoricum Nigella. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. ragusina. N. gymnocarpa. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. damascena. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Antennaria. N.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

L. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. regalis Adiantum. O. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. perenne . pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. versicolor. P.× germanica I. A. I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. usitatissimum L. I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. Osmunda. carica F. carica Corylus C.

scorodoprasum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. Fumaria C. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. I. sativum var. odoratissimum P. tuberosum A. P. quercifolium P. purpurea D. Pelargonium. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . × hortorum P. × limoneum P. neapolitanum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. lanata D. × germanica Myosotis M. sphaerocephalum A. grossularioides P radens P. lutea Allium sativum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. sylvatica Digitalis D.

fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. Tragopogon. graveolens P. × nervosum P. crispum P. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. T. canadense. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. T. officinale Z. A. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. pratensis . A. tomentosum P. canadense T. denticulatum P. quercifolium P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. capitatum P. Z. glutinosum. chamaedrys T. × jatrophifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. × citrosum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber.

torquata E. nervosa V. Oxalis deppei.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. C. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. Vitis monticola. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. M. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. V. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. trifolia Cordyline terminalis.

H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

majalis Liriope. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. triacanthos G. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Pulmonaria . G. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. C. Lythrum. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Ophiopogon L. W. Sempervivum Lobelia L.

pedatum Hibiscus. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. Malva. tenuifolia T. Malva. erecta T. M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T.blue M Mace. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. A. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. grandiflora M. alcea var. erecta T. M. lucida . erecta T. C. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. patula Calendula officinalis T.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. Spiraea alba. S. vulgare 'Aureum' O. × piperita var. onites O. majorana O. piperita var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. vulgare O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. suaveolens M. vulgare O. citrata M. dictamnus O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. crispii M. odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata M. × piperita var. R. Astrantia. A. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. majorana O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata. aquatica var. citrata M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. requienii M. major.

A. Myrrhis odorata. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. M. Myrtus. lactiflora Morus M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Umbellularia californica. communis. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. V. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. rubra M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. olympicum. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . × gentilis M. vulgaris A. V.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Azolla caroliniana. alba Verbascum. thapsus V.

album L. L. poeticus N. nudum. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V. majus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. tazetta Tropaeolum T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . V. minus T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago.

Proliferum Group A. cepa. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. florentina. fistulosum A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fragrans Allium.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. C. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. S. telephium Iris × germanica var. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. fragrans O. cepa A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . vulgare var. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. hortensis A. I. Castilleja californica. Scilla verna. O. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. cepa. A. fistulosum Atriplex.

P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. crispum var. neopolitanum Pastinaca. crispum P. A. pulsatilla Passiflora P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. A. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P. patens. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.

Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. P frutescens Catharanthus. paniculata P. Marsilea Perilla. frutescens C. annuum. C. C. Longum Group Capsicum. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. C. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. A. annuum. annuum. Piper C. Grossum Group C. roseus C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. annuum. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. retroflexus. annuum. Chenopodium. C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. C. Longum Group C.

taeda P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. plumarius. M. umbellata var. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. taeda Chimaphila. caryophyllus D. Plantago P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. officinalis Dianthus D. C. watsonii P maritima P. Silene laciniata. alpinus D. plumarius D. P salicina P angustifolia. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. P. americana . Prunus japonica. × paradisiaca. gratianopolitanus D. angustifolia var. umbellata var. C. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. nigra P strobus P taeda P.

balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. biennis P. balsamifera P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. rhoeas P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. 0. P. L. E. carnea Phytolacca americana P. S. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. vulgare Lithospermum. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. Liriodendron tulipifera P.

cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. pepo C. C. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. coccineum C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. P. R. canadensis C. A. Diplotaxis. Hesperis .< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. pepo Portulaca. sativum var. rhabarbarum R. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum.

× harisonii R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. banksiae R. laevigata R. R. canina R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. canina. damascena R. chinensis 'Minima' R. × borboniana Kerria. damascena 'Bifera' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana R. moschata . Rubus coronarius R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. centifolia R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana R. spinosissima R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. sativa Rosa R. Rosa chinensis R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. gallica R.

tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. microphylla S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Salvia hierosolymitana . rugosa R. azurea subsp. angustissimus R. Rosmarinus. guaranitica S. × rehderana R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. R. sclarea S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. greggii S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. setigera R. officinalis S.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. caerula. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. S. clevelandii S. officinalis Limonium R. pitcheri S.

atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. virens.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. leucophylla S. P. C. Salicornia. leucantha S. S. chamaecyparissus S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. S. montana Scabiosa S. elegans S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. viridis S. neapolitana S. maritimum E. chamaecyparissus S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. guaranitica S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. hebecarpa. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. marilandica Amelanchier . S. A. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. T. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

nivalis Lamium album. biflorum . Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria C. C. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. americana. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria Cotinus. P. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. C. P. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. coggygria. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. G. V.

H. Ornithogalum arabicum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. O. L. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. acetosa. S. crassipes O. pyrenaicum. japonica Sorbaria. officinalis thyme-leaved V. scutatus R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. patulum. O. R. V.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. E.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. H.

O. T vulgare T. vesca F. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. C. M. vulgare var. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vulgare var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vesca F. chiloensis F. incana M. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. floridus Philadelphus . Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. O. crispum T. incana M. dracunculus var. perennis.

benedictus. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . Silybum marianum S. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. sylvestris D. marianum S. pallasianus T. maritima Thymus. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. phaenopyrum C. marianum S. 'Broad-leaf English' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. praecox T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. C. laevigata Eupatorium. × citriodorus T. 'Argenteus' T. T. A. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. praecox subsp. 'Clear Gold' T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. arcticus T. E.

cerasiforme. Physalis peruviana L. praecox subsp.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. noli-tangere. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. P. Coreopsis Linaria. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. lycopersicum L. lycopersicum var. radicans Bignonia capreolata. L. lycopersicum var. peruviana P. alata Lycopersicon. sanctum O. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. sanctum Tulipa T. pruinosa. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. I. P. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. C. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis.

canina. officinalis Polemonium. longifolia Chamaelaucium. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. cornuta 'Alba' V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Chimaphila. cornuta V. odorata V. C. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. odorata V. V. caprea . P. C. caeruleum Clematis. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. V riviniana Viola odorata V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis.

frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. verticillata Chimaphila. pontica. nudum Isatis I. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. S. frigida A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Vanilla barbellata A. ambrosioides Artemisia. Corydalis sempervirens A. V. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. caprea. absinthium A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. I. gmelinii A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. camphorata A. W. annua A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Gaultheria procumbens. Stachys .

cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. lutea. taygetea A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. C. vomitoria I. ageratum A. X.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. simplicissima Cladrastis. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. millefolium A. filipendulina A. × media 'Hicksii' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' T.

sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. theophrasti Acacia A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. thousand-seal. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. sanguinary. calamus Adiantum A. alpinus Aconitum A. cana A. Indian mallow China jute. yarrow sneezeweed. millefolium A. monkshood helmut flower. longifolia Achillea A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.. Indian mallow. parlor m.. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. h. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . breviflora A. five-finger f. fourcroydes sweet flag. napellus Acorus A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. maidenhair fern. blue giant hyssop. fennel g. butter-print. maidenhair American maidenhair. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. fragrant g. pedatum Agastache A. lion's tail anise hyssop. taygetea A. ageratum A. calamus maidenhair fern. h.. foeniculum Agave A. monkshood flowering maple. nose-bleed. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A.

schoenoprasum A. hemp plant agrimony. githago Ajuga A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. moly A. flowering o. Rosenbachianum A. ciboule. lily leek daffodil garlic. ostrowskianum A.. purple c. rosea Alchemilla A. cocklebur. christophii A.. Spanish o.. sativum var. two-bladed o. sisalana Agrimonia A. cive. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. Japanese bunching o. flavum A. garlic rocambole. Pulchellum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. serpent garlic chive. alpina A. vulgaris Allium A. tree o. sisal hemp. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. giganteum A. neapolitanum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . ophioscorodon A.A. sativum A.. senescens var. karataviense A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. fistulosum A. scorodoprasum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. reptans Alcea A.

amaranth love-lies-bleeding. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. caudatus Amelanchier A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. triphylla Althaea A. officinarum Anchusa A. medicinal a. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. shadbush. sphaerocephalum A. blanda A. shad. juneberry. marschalliana A. japonica A. canadensis Amsonia A.glaucum A. cerefolium chervil angelica. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinalis Anemone A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. pulsatilla Anethum A.. officinalis Amaranthus A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. bugloss alkanet. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. bugloss windflower. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. barbadensis Aloysia A. tuberosum Aloe A. archangel. Barbados a. Oriental garlic . Curasao a... garlic c. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. hupehensis var. white m.

alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens var. chrysantha A. graveolens A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. European crowfoot bearberry.

dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. camphorata A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. red cole sagebrush. gmelinii A. stewardsonii Armeria A. europaeum A. mugwort. old man southernwood absinthe. pink or white horseradish. kinnikinick. asarabacca wild ginger. virginicum bearberry. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. Ludoviciana var. mealberry. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. sandberry. mountain box. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . arborescens A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. bear's grape. sea pink thrift. creashak green-dragon. maritima Armoracia A. pontica A. albula A. triphyllum subsp. triphyllum A. dracontium A. canadense A. dracunculus var. lactiflora A. wormwood southernwood. annua A. sativa A. frigida A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. rusticana Artemisia A. hog cranberry.

vulgaris Bellis B. i. australis B. plains f. butterfly flower butterfly weed. jaundice berry. silkweed. mustard . c. tinctoria Barbarea B. China grass borage borage. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. wild blue i. tuberosa Asparagus A. mountain spinach false indigo. tuberroot. perennis Berberis B. rattleweed winter cress. major Atriplex A. vulgaris Beta milkweed. c. rocket. yellow r. upland cress winter cress. halimus A. papyrifera Boehmeria B. nivea Borago B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. ruby s. vulgaris. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. cool-tankard cole. s. s. orach sea orach..Asclepias A. c. pleurisy root. talewort. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. Chinese silk plant.. officinalis Astrantia A. B. ruby s. wild indigo. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. garden o. hortensis B Baptista B. c. wild indigo blue false indigo. piprage beet swiss chard. saltbush orach.

floridus Campanula C. pineapple s. microphylla 'Nana' B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. koreana B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. carpatica C. grandiflora Calendula C. sempervirens B. eruca B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell ..B. white-flowered k.. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. strawberry s. officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla var.

s. o. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. p. trumpet vine. p. persicifolia C. p. bell p.. red p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. o.C. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. sweet pepper.. green p. o. cow-itch. s. pimento sweet pepper s. o. p.. s. o. p.. o. p. green p. C. chili p. o. p. trumpet flower. p. rapunculus Campsis C. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p.

nobile Chelidonium C.. majus Chelone cayenne p. shellbark h. bastard s. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. false saffron. chili p. senna. frutescens Carthamus C. illinoinensis C. carvi Carya C. garden c. Tabasco-sauce p. Russian c. ovata Cassia C. marilandica Catharanthus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. canariensis Cedrus C. deodara Celosia C.. cristata Cercis C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. celandine celandine turtlehead. Madagascar periwinkle. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.. capsicum p.. red p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.. tinctorius Carum C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. snakehead . Tabasco p.

wormseed. leucanthemum C. dwarf 1. bonus-henricus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Chinese dwarf 1. rattletop black cohosh. coccineum C. cinerariifolium C. Spanish t. crispus C. old-man's-beard costmary.. leather flower. × superbum Cichorium C. balsamita C.C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. fat hen ambrosia. glabra Chenopodium C. ladanifer Citrus C. Dalmatia p. devil's-darning- . feather geranium. racemosa Cistus C. botrys Chimaphila C.. parthenium C. virgilia virgin's bower. pigweed Mexican tea. intybus Cimicifuga C. alecost pyrethrum. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. frutescens C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. wax flower. × jouiniana 'Mrs. wintergreen. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. American w. mint geranium. umbellata Chionanthus C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. leather flower. barbe-de-capuchin. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. Meyer 1. pyrethum... lutea Clematis C. virgin's bower. ambrosioides C. Robert Brydon' C.

majalis Convolvulus C. apiculatus Crataegus C. quick-set. red haw hawthorn English h. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. coggygria Cotoneaster C. orientalis Convallaria C. thorn. avellana Cotinus C. smokebush smoke tree. florida Corylus C. Chinese parsley dogwood.needle Cnicus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. autumnale Comptonia C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . thorn apple. arkansana C. smokebush. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. peregrina Consolida C. laevigata C. trifolia Coreopsis C. Venetian sumac.. smoke plant. ambigua C. benedictus Coix C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. cneorum Coptis C. sativum Cornus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn.

gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. angustifolius C. × allwoodii D. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. kotschyanus C. maritimum Crocus C.. citratus Cytisus C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. speciosus 'Albus' C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C.C. sempervirens Cydonia C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. West Indian 1. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . sieberi C.. scoparius C. sativus C.

'White Lace' Dicentra D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. lanata D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. sylvestris Doronicum D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. gas plant. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. burning bush. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . × imbricata Echium clove pink. spectabilis Dictamnus D. sativus D. carnation. grandiflora D.

japonica Eryngium E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. J. torquata Euonymus E. plum eryngo sea holly. S. californica Eucalyptus E. blueweed.. hyemale Eranthis E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. dulcis Endymion E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. poppy eucalypt. Australian gum. arvense E. jacinth. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E.E. perfoliatum E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. Japanese medlar. rugosum v. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. viridis Epimedium E. gum tree. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . sea eryngo California poppy C. maritimum Eschscholzia E. b. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. pungens Eleocharis E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. epimedium barrenwort. sea holm. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. ironbark. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E.

azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. cyparissias F Ferula F.s. sow-teat s. vulgare subsp.Euphorbia E. vulgare F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. ulmaria F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig.s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. a. assafoetida Ficus F. alpine s. major Fragaria F. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare F. a. vulgare var. a. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. finocchio. chiloensis F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .

hirsutum H Hamamelis H. spotted c. nivalis Galium G. Carolina yellow j. verum Gardenia G. wild c. hexapetala G Galanthus G. our-lady's-b. ground ivy.. pulegioides American pennyroyal. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. false baby's-breath woodruff. triacanthos Gossypium G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground.. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. hederacea Gleditsia G. gardenia. odoratum G. sweet w. woodroof yellow bedstraw. sempervirens evening trumpet flower.. robertianum Glechoma G. germanica G.F. maculatum G. honey locust. mollugo G.. cleavers white bedstraw. jasminoides Gaultheria G. woodwaxen. runaway robin. vernalis H. alumroot herb Robert. Capejasmine wintergreen. dyer's greenweed. mountain tea. teaberry. tinctoria Geranium G.. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. field balm. checkerberry. virginiana Hedeoma H. Carolina jasmine G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. mock p. Carolina jessamine Genista G. red Robin .

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flavescens Helenium H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. Deckaner h.. turnsole heliotrope. garland 1. mallow. glabra Hesperis H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. Deccan h. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. rose-of-China. daylily . blacking plant plantain lily. angustifolium H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting.. matronalis Hibiscus H. lilioasphodelus H.. Indian hemp. China rose.. bimlipatum j. rose m. sweet r. × luteola Herniaria H. lemon d. giant m.. bastard jute. lividus subsp. licorice plant heliotrope. Chinese hibiscus. foetidus H.. curry plant false licorice. orientalis Hemerocallis H.. hibiscus kenaf. cannabinus H. atrorubens H. corsicus H. Hawaiian h. niger H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. bimli j. petiolatum Heliotropium H. arborescens Helleborus H.

asiatica Hypericum H.. horned h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. lupulus Hydrangea H. navelwort gotu kola St. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. orangeroot.-John's-wort St. . cornuta 'Burfordii' I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. European h. crenata var. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.-John's-wort St. quercifolia Hydrastis H.H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. Burford's holly Japanese holly. box-leaved h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. perforatum Hyssopus H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. rose h. white h. I. box-leaved h. patulum 'Sungold' H.

pseudacorus Isatis I. opaca I. wilsonii Impatiens I. tinctoria Inula I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . spotted t. 'Great Lakes' I. officinale Juniperus J. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. water f. chinensis var. J. glabra I. virginiana red cedar jasmine.. maculata J Jasminum J. jewelweed. cristata I. vomitoria 'Nana' I.I. tinctoria Ixia I. capensis Indigofera I. snapweed. florentina I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. African corn lily corn lily orris. woad dyer's woad.. × germanica var. horizontalis creeping j. crested i. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. yellow flag. helenium Ipomoea I. touch-me-not jewelweed.. crested dwarf i. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. alba Iris I.

plume flower..Justicia water willow J. dumb nettle. n. angustifolia L. nobilis Lavandula L. flamingo p.. bay. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. n. dentata var. d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. indica Lamium L. paradise p. plume plant. album L. angustifolia subsp.. sweet bay laurel. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . brandegeana shrimp plant J. maculatum L. dentata L. white d.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. carnea Brazilian-plume.

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prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. lovage privet. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. sativum Leucojum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. candidum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. hedge plant privet. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. benzoin Linum L. aestivum Levisticum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L.. officinale Ligustrum L. marsh rosemary. perenne L. muscari Lobelia L. pepperwort. blue cardinal flower . statice statice toadflax spicebush. summer s. usitatissimum Liriope L.

stellata M. coronaria 'Alba' L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. catchfly mullein pink. grandiflora M. satin flower honesty. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. lycopersicum var. flava L.. honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. vulgaris Lythrum L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. maritima L. silver-dollar. penny f. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. annua Lychnis L. cordata Magnolia M. lycopersicum var. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. campion. coronaria L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. sempervirens Lunaria L. coral h. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. money plant. gypsywort.L. moonwort. europaeus Lysimachia L. virginiana sweet alyssum. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L.

suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. Oregon g. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. lemon m.. citrata M. pineapple m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. musk m. incana Melissa M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. white h. fastigiata Marrubium M. imperial stock balm lemon b... pennyroyal Corsican m.. bergamot m. Virginia b. 'Guiding Star' M. lungwort bluebells. Virginia c. holly mahonia. Brampton stock. blue barberry apple. hupehensis Malva M. bee b. horsemint . sweet b. mountain g. aquatica M. cowslip. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. menthella. vulgare Matthiola M. × gentilis M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. pulegium M. bluebells. holly barberry. requienii M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. incanum M. American crab. × piperita M. × piperita var.. apple m. horsemint peppermint orange mint... curly m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. longifolia M. alcea var. stock stock. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. holly g. officinalis Mentha M. angustifolia M. 'Eau de Cologne' M. gillyflower..Mahonia M. Scotch m. b. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape..

myrrh. anise. b. Swedish m. textilis Myosotis M. white b. Greek myrtle. fistulosa M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. candleberry. b. punctata Montia M. red m. menthifolia M. banana abaca. sweet cicely. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. sylvatica Myrica M. odorata Myrtus M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. citriodora M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle.M. b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. winter purslane. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. fistulosa var. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. white bee balm pink b. Oswego tea. pink b. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. American m. swamp c.. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > .

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

golden hardhack. tacamahac cinquefoil. lungwort blue 1. brake bracken. trifoliata Populus P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. widdy shrubby c. pensylvanica P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. Americana P. domestica P. balsam p. hackmatack. all-heal salad burnet. veris Prunella P. brake. five-finger shrubby c. persica Pteridium P. granatum Pyrus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. angustifolia P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange.. aspen. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . hog-pasture b. maritima P. nepalensis P.. hardy orange poplar. sand p. elatior P.. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. pasture b. vulgaris Prunus P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P.Poncirus P. Jerusalem sage. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. heal-all.

× borboniana R.. autumn damask r.. 'Cinderella' R. small c. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. gallica damask r. China r. pie plant. alpinum R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. eglantine. brier Banksia r. garden r. Bourbon r. pilewort mignonette weld. moss r.. pygmy r. eglanteria R. sativum Rosa R. sweetbrier French r. brier r. mountain c. canina R. dog r. moss r.. gooseberry alpine c. York-and-Lancaster r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. crowfoot lesser celandine. ficaria Reseda R. rose. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. banksiae R.. dog b. purshiana Rheum R. red currant. garden c. luteola Rhamnus R. .Quercus Q. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. typhina Ribes R. cabbage r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. stellata R Ranunculus R. chinensis 'Minima' R.. fairy r.

spinosissima R. chinquapin r. sorrel. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. r. acetosa R.. prairie r. dock s. musk r. 'Schneezwerg' R. × harisonii R. moschata R. hirta Rumex R. prostrate rosemary. climbing r. wichuraiana R. angustissimus R. rugosa R. setigera R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r.. climbing r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.. polyantha r. snowdwarf memorial r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Harison's yellow r. burnet r. rosemary white r. × rehderana R. laevigata R. Scotch r. madder bramble blackberry.'Officinalis' R. chestnut r.. rosemary pine-scented r. obtusifolius R. garden sorrel broad dock. Turkestan r. French sorrel rue . bitter d. Cherokee r. Japanese r. tinctorum Rubus R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. roxburghii R. golden p.

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American e. s. pussy willow sage. greggii S. caprea Salvia S. canadensis willow. golden g. osier goat willow. clevelandii S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. bloodroot red puccoon. caerula S. leucantha S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. argentea S. guaranitica S. elegans S. leucophylla S. Mexican bush s. variegated garden s. purple g. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. viridis Sambucus S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. purple variegated garden s. clary annual clary elder. s. bloodroot rue . purple sage baby sage garden sage. microphylla S. elderberry American e. gray sage. garden s. involucrata S. sclarea S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S.

mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. skirret potato vine eggplant. jasminoides S.. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. melongena var. live-forever houseleek. morganianum S. Mary's t. sweet s. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. hen-and-chickens. pinnata S. devil's tongue. orpine donkey's tail orpine. canadensis Sansevieria S. hortensis S. mad apple . St. good-luck plant. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. roof h. albidum Satureja S.. telephium Sempervivum S. neapolitana S. tectorum Silybum S. marianum Sium S. virens Saponaria S. sisarum Solanum S. milk t. live-forever houseleek. atropurpurea Sedum S. officinalis Sassafras S..Sanguisorba S. pincushion flower pincushions. hemp plant snake plant. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. trifasciata Santolina S. mourning-bride stonecrop.. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. lucky plant. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. blessed t.

. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. grandiflora S. erecta marigold African m. americana Stachys S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. laevis Symphytum S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. laciniata Persian lilac S.. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. byzantina S. lutea Stokesia S. woundwort lamb's-ears. lilac . californica Sorbaria S. officinale S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. patula melongene. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. big m. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S. vulgaris 'Addie V. × persica var. hedge nettle. reticulata var. sorbifolia Sorbus S.

vulgare var. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. 'Argenteus' T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. dense y. lucida T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. wood sage germander dwarf. filifolia T. canadense T. yew conical y. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. upright y. fruticans T... × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. marum Thuja T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. sweet mace French m. officinale Taxus T. columnar y. tansy tansy. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. occidentalis Thymus T. signet m. culinary golden lemon t. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. lemon t. germander American g. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. . dwarf m.T. carnosus T.. procumbent g. crispum Taraxacum T. vulgare T.

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. nitidus T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. confederatej. caraway t. pallasianus T. herba-barona T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. doerfleri T. red c. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. zygis Torenia T. glabrescens T. . odorus t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. richardii subsp. t. pratensis Trichostema T. t. crimson c. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. leucotrichus T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. not culinary French t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. praecox T. wishbone flower. serpyllum T.. lemon t. nummularius T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. lanatum Trifolium T. praecox subsp. creeping t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. woolly thyme creeping t.

bitter Indian garden n. officinalis V. serpyllifolia nasturtium. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. angustifolium var. early. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. . 'Blizzard' T. flannel plant. red s. tawny orange t. minus Tsuga T. maritima Urtica U. canadensis Tulipa T. cranberry. kaufmanniana T. olympicum V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. speedwell.Tropaeolum T. velvet p. pale yellow Darwin t. tarda T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. 'General de Wet' T.. blueberry. huckleberry. thapsus Veronica V. nettle stinging n. 'Sweet Harmony' T. blattaria V.. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. dioica V Vaccinium V. Indian cress dwarf n. clusiana T. tall n. officinalis Verbascum V. squill. laevifolium Valeriana V. mullein mullein. farfara U Urginea U. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. water-lily t. species t. majus T.

simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. arrowwood. lutea 'Splendens' V. odorata V.. possum haw . running m. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. tricolor V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. sweet h. heartsease pansy. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. myrtle. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. minor Viola V. carlesii V.. plicatum 'Mariesii' V.Vetiveria V. maple-leaved viburnum. zizanioides Viburnum V. khus-khus.. ladies-delight. canina V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. × wittrockiana Vitis V. cassinoides V. nannyberry. lesser p. prunifolium Vinca V. acerifolium V. withe-rod vetiver. violet dog violet horned v. heartsease. sheepberry. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V.

Adam's-needle. Canton g. ginger. officinale ginger true ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 .

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