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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
Neither knew what it meant to make a book. and the publisher. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. seven years ago. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. and the experience provided the final section of the book. punching. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. whether all their labor was to no avail. The turning point came when. It needs no sequel. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. and I have had the pleasure of advising. responded with delight. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. more of them exist to serve as examples. Then. Their energy and charm caught me up. This was not to be. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. with sparkling enthusiasm. Again they revised. especially poetry. for they had no model and no guide. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. carefully chosen. wheedling. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . successes. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. With false starts and honest stops. pushing. build it. This they did. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. bereft of hope. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and record every detailall of the failures. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. alterations. Ginny had done some writing. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far.
and these are capitalizedfor example. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. Likewise. We. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. To achieve this. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. without accompanying commentary. A range of essential factors is considered herein. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. historical interest. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Italics are always used for botanical names. rather. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. . we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. although countless common names exist. the authors. by their owners. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. we completed a test garden. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. while others were prepared by landscape designers. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. and educational purpose. governed the style of our lists of botanical names." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. degree of maintenance required. 1969 and 1980. specialty. former generic names. The herb garden designs alone. or by contributors. Not all plants used are herbs. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years.
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Special thanks are due James C. Rady. past presidents. which made possible the completion of our text. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information.. Keebler and the late Everest P. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Eleanor Gambee. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Wanda Ritchie. always encouraging us to stay with our project. former director of same. has been especially helpful over the years.D. A lecturer on herbs. Derthick. and August Frugé. have also been of assistance. librarian. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. president. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Swanson and Robert B. We are grateful to many. M. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Richard T. Finally. Isaacson. Betty Rea. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Weatherhead.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Trudi Bela. former managing editors. and the horticulturist. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. and Joanna Reed. Genevieve Jyurovat. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. has given us valuable information. as expediter and typist. Nell Neff. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Alice Skelsey. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Susan Frugé. Lee Buss. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Herbert J. She has served. Recognition is due Robert B. Alexander Apanius. and Rexford Talbert. The late Raymond C. His assistant. Jo Lohmolder. FAITH H. too. and Elizabeth Bryce. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
have foliage that changes color with the seasons." A good design does not "happen. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Its interest is independent of flowers." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. lay out a plan of the property. to increase the value of the property. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. "Not difficult to plan. partially excavated area.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. fences. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. and decisions must not be left to chance. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. temples of worship. new ways of seeing. Perennial herbs. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. As Henry Beston reflects. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. If no ." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. new plants. and structures." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. or an abandoned. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. and hedges will have been located. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. some of which are evergreen. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. not at all difficult to maintain. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. In order to create a fine garden design. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. As one constantly reinforces the other. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. a front dooryard. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. the north point will have been indicated. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms.
which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here. and hedges. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . measurements are in engineer's scale.
such as the one illustrated here. too. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. will give the lot or acreage measurements. In this example. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Here. measure to locate the house. The object is to . Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Next. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. but with all needed information. measurements are in engineer's scale. to locate the house. A deed description. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. In the absence of a survey map. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. and the driveway. too. other significant structures.
compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. lines at an angle. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. < previous page page_3 next page > . graph paperfor use under tracing paper. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and unusual land features noted. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. enclosures. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. driveway. and parallel lines. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. paths. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. shrubs. The tools needed for drawing are few. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. triangleof inexpensive plastic. The smaller the scale. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges.
Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. old smokehouse." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. or summer kitchen is ideal. Upkeep. and hedges of hemlock. garage. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. and stone. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . In the designs that follow. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. greenhouse. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. One basic rule is the higher the wall. In some cases. and holly. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. brick. With the plan on paper. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. yew. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. A toolhouse. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. gazebo. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. In the absence of a structure. iron. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. bayberry. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. However.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
however. and their styles are countless.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. for reinforcing the design. Lower cost is an advantage. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. gray surfaces are found. When used with a hedge. as in outdoor room dividers. if wood is the material of choice. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. such as bayberry. painted. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. they can be made to order. or natural. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Allow adequate room within the row. too. Stained. whether it will be rocks. some deciduous and some evergreen. as an example. or. When this reinforcement is understated. holly. Whatever the reason. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. If desired. Stone. Generally. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. For example. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Where air circulation is much needed. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. it will seem too sparsely planted. elegant box. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. At first. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. railroad ties. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Gates are part of the enclosure. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. and rosemary. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. but the results will confirm this course. Rosemary. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Equally important is proportion. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. used for dry wall or masonry construction. for example. so give them much thought. annual painting is a necessity. bricks. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. deeply evergreen. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. box. yew. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. cut stones. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. . Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. If used. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. In some climates. Styles are legion. a temporary garden that may be changed later. or pressure-treated lumber. landscape timbers. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. the garden design is most attractive.
the steps created will be forever an annoyance. Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. awkward and unsafe. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . there is a necessary.Steps When constructing steps.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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Choose the path material equally for comfort. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. making the design more evident. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. It is a general rule that the less the riser. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. There are. or red. . A width of four feet allows room for turning. Step materials need not be the same as. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. but should be compatible with. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. and maintenance. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. cost. appearance. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. too. Access paths. however. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. rosy pink. If groups are walking through. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. for example. their use no less than comfortable. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Paths must be ample. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. The colors are various: terracotta. the greater the tread. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. because they are just that.
in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.
or trees to be considered. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. If the garden is made up of separate beds. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. When they mature. prepare a planting plan for each. shrubs. is an enjoyable experience. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. a result being hazardous footing. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. They are easily renewed as they break down. This. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. a soft-lead pencil in hand. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. shad Malus coronaria. serviceberry.) To avoid having a slippery surface. bark or pine needles can be used. and many good references are available. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . With these recommendations in mind. they should not shade the herbs too much. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. too.
The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. for example. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. whether they are invasive or tall growing. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. for example. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. too. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. however. Often this center of interest is a sundial. such as the one illustrated here. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. lemon thyme. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. one-half inch equals one foot. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Artifacts As with other gardens. Do use a soft-lead pencil.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. a focal point is customarily used. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. noting well their growth habits. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Sept. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. or whatever is best in your case. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. 'Mount Hood daff. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. it is easily read and easily erased. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. It needs.
It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. If a statue less than life-size is used. Again. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. the height of a fence to the house. It is then in scale with its frame. < previous page page_9 next page > . respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. a niche of its own should be created.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. that of good proportion. Except for two. However. the designs have a decorative north point. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a stylized drawing of an ovary. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
7. arcticus 27. 6. fennel 2.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 21.Poterium sanguisorba.Lobularia maritima. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. or other structure.Galium odoratum. 26. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. dill cerasiforme.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. sativa. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Origanum majorana. Foeniculum vulgare. 3. The first number in each planting area is the key number. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. Landscape Architect. lemon 15. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. summer 23. salad burnet 12.A. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 16.S. 22. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. a fence. rose 24. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. The rules of symmetry are observed.Satureja montana. bee balm 13.Allium 11.L.Pelargonium graveolens. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. With color and texture considered for contrast. 4. 14. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. 1.Thymus praecox subsp.Viola tricolor. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Satureja hortensis. A. lovage 17. sweet 25.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 5. Lavenders accent the front corners. which is used here in relation to a garage. lemon balm .
Petroselinum crispum var.Porrum Group.8. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. dwarf garden 20. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . curly parsley 10. Greek 28. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis. leek 9. costmary 'Albus'. 19.Origanum heracleoticum. Pelargonium × limoneum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive 18.
A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. lemon verbena 21. white 20. fennel English lavender geranium 4. . perhaps overgrown with weeds. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Satureja hortensis. 18.Pelargonium tomentosum.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Allium schoenoprasum.Monarda didyma. summer 10. 11. French tarragon 2. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Pelargonium graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. 13.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. 17. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. rose 19.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Lavandula angustifolia. as was done here.Aloysia triphylla. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. 9. 12.Foeniculum vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. curly parsley sativa. Petroselinum crispum var. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. bush basil 3.
salad burnet 6.Galium odoratum. 14.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Origanum majorana.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Heliotropium arborescens. 16. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . English'. English thyme dill 8. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. eglantine 23.Rosa eglanteria.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Thymus × citriodorus.
. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Mentha spicata. 13. spearmint 16. however.Salvia officinalis. Origanum majorana. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.L. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. 7. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. and the plan could be used at a front door.Allium schoenoprasum.Taxus cuspidata.S. Even in limited space. parsley 5. sativa.Petroselinum crispum. dill 2.Satureja hortensis. 1. salad burnet 14. 9. A. The garden is conveniently located. lemon thyme 10. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.A.Poterium sanguisorba. still observing a scale. however. lovage 15.Chionanthus virginicus. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Levisticum officinale. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Japanese yew 17. summer savory 11. The number in each planting area is the key number. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Then the design might need to be expanded. Origanum heracleoticum. garden sage 8.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet marjoram 3.
Ocimum basilicum.6. sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.
Pulmonaria officinalis. 7. Landscape Architect. 32. 31. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Origanum majorana. 8. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. The number in each planting area is the key number. fennel 19. blue lungwort 26. Christmas fern 5. garden sage 17. 9. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. lavender marjoram 2.Polemonium reptans.A.Artemisia dracunculus var. The long. bee balm 14. the challenge is obvious. 33. hop sativa. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. yellow 29. cinnamon fern 4. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 18.Polystichum acrostichoides.Thymus × citriodorus. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. salad 20. fraxinella 15. lemon thyme 28. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. Monarda didyma. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. 13. summer 21. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Digitalis grandiflora.S. A.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Humulus lupulus. Jacob's-ladder 3.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. Viola odorata. 6.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. wild ginger 27.Asarum canadense.Convallaria majalis. 1. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. leek Foeniculum vulgare. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Primula vulgaris. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.L. 30.Allium ampeloprasum.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . sweet violet 16. This is an intimate garden.Stachys byzantina. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Teucrium chamaedrys. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.Osmunda cinnamomea. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Dictamnus albus. 25.
fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . French'. yellow bedstraw 23. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Galium verum.Korean box 11.lilac 10.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Sorbus americana.Buxus microphylla var.savory germander Willmott'. French thyme woodruff koreana. Canada hemlock Standard'. winter savory 24.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Galium odoratum.Satureja montana. sweet 34. 35.Tsuga canadensis. crispum.
devoted to a "yearly surprise. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. To be placed near the kitchen. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. It is a pleasing. it became part of the patio. lemon verbena 2. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Aloysia triphylla.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. 1.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. Italian parsley . dill 10.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 20. Even so." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. this design can be an inspiration. geometric design. Surprisingly.Rumex scutatus. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Origanum heracleoticum. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind.Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum. 19. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. One of the beds.
French thyme 'Citriodorum'. curly parsley 22.Poterium sanguisorba. basil sativa. garlic chive 26.Allium tuberosum. chervil marjoram 21.Satureja montana.Melissa officinalis. purple basil 4. sweet 14. summer savory 23. Alpine strawberry 7.Anthriscus cerefolium.17.Ocimum basilicum 12. sweet 13.Myrrhis odorata. borage 'Purpurascens'.Borago officinalis.3. salad 15. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Petroselinum crispum var. winter savory 24. lemon balm cicely 6. crispum. English thyme bush basil 8.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. chive 25. sweet 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Origanum majorana. 16.Allium schoenoprasum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. lemon basil 9.
winter 21. rosemary 3. scented-leaf geranium 2.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. English lavender 10. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. The center beds here were established in this way.Myrrhis odorata. it is full of interesting angles.Galium odoratum. 1.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Stachys byzantina. English thyme lemon thyme 11. sweet cicely 23.Lavandula angustifolia. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. To increase the planting area. blue 22. purple basil 4. green santolina 12.Santolina virens. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Hyssopus officinalis. As a whole. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. sweet 13. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Thymus × citriodorus. D. it is an unusual. so.C. too. geometric design. Created in an orderly way. the work paths could be eliminated. 14. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears 20. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Pelargonium in variety.Satureja montana. 19. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. gray .
Dianthus caryophyllus. 25. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .6.Ilex opaca.Marrubium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Myrtus communis. classic myrtle 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Artemisia camphorata. clove pink 7. American southernwood holly 17. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia abrotanum. silver mound artemisia 18. horehound24. germander 16.Salvia officinalis.
being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. sweet woodruff 5.Artemisia absinthium.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. too. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Its arrow points north and. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Rosmarinus officinalis. winter savory 16.Tanacetum vulgare. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Borago officinalis. lemon balm 22. tansy 25. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. sativa. English lavender 6.Calendula officinalis. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Lavandula angustifolia. Sometimes space is limited. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. this herb garden is secluded.Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 2. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. 1. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. which adds its impression of warmth. arcticus 21.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Galium odoratum. Job's tears 11. This center of interest is of particular note. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. pot marigold 24. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet basil 4. Ocimum basilicum. yarrow 12. absinthe 26. casts the shadow for the hour.Artemisia dracunculus var. gray santolina 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. purple basil 3. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. borage 23.Chamaemelum . Coix lacryma-jobi. rosemary 15. Achillea millefolium.Satureja montana. French tarragon 14.
variegated garden sage 8. white creeping thyme nobile.Origanum majorana. costmary 'Albus'. Salvia officinalis. chamomile 17.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Origanum vulgare. comfrey20. garden sage 19. marjoram pecan 10. Salvia elegans.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Carya illinoinensis.Symphytum officinale.7. chive 18. scented-leaf 27. pineapplescented sage 9.Syringa. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. wild marjoram 28. sweet 29. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Pelargonium in variety.
and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. 5.Ruta graveolens. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Galium odoratum.Satureja hortensis. chervil 15. sativa. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Apium graveolens. 29. parsley 17. sweet cicely 37. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. French sorrel 21.Allium sativum. sweet 34. blue 23.Myrrhis odorata. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. 6. The more invasive ones.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. Anthriscus cerefolium.Ipomoea alba. hyssop Meyer lemon . true ginger16. 7. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Origanum majorana. for example lemon balm and spearmint. lemon balm 35. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Teucrium chamaedrys. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 9. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lovage 22. rose geranium 2. When controlled in this way. rue 31.Artemisia dracunculus var. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. 8.Pelargonium graveolens. 4. 18. summer 32. 36. 1.Pelargonium × limoneum. 3. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 30.Melissa officinalis. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. horehound 33.Marrubium vulgare. sunken into the ground. dill 20. garlic Levisticum officinale. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis. 19.
Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Aloysia triphylla. English thyme 26.Mentha spicata.Magnolia virginiana.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. French thyme 24.Tropaeolum minus. Japanese yew 39.Thymus × citriodorus.Poterium sanguisorba. salad burnet 25.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemonthyme 28. dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Greek oregano 12.Ocimum basilicum. spearmint 27. bush basil 14.10. lemon verbena 11. sweet basil 38. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .
Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. however. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. but. simplify!. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. "Simplify. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. whatever the reason. a quick way to ensure good drainage." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. < previous page page_22 next page > .
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Lindera benzoin. parsley 2. bee balm 19.Lactuca sativa.Mentha x piperita. tomato American pennyroyal 4. jewelweed24.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloe barbadensis. 18.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. rue 20.Capsicum frutescens. spicebush absinthe French'. 1. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . peppermint 23. 12.Galium odoratum.Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage 3. 14.Petroselinum crispum. arcticus.Monarda didyma. French tarragon 5. lemon 22. sweet 17. spearmint 21. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis. tansy 11. bell pepper 6. sweet 25. dill 13. summer basil savory 7.Impatiens capensis. aloe Grossum Group.Satureja hortensis. lettuce 10.Allium fistulosum.Mentha spicata.Ruta graveolens.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Anethum graveolens. sweet 15. 26.Artemisia absinthium. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Tanacetum vulgare. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.The number in each planting area is the key number. balm sativa.Hedeoma pulegioides.Rosmarinus officinalis.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
8. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. faced and capped with random. . French thyme 2.Pelargonium in variety. too. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. germander 7.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Perovskia abrotanoides. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. 1. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. Russian 13. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. A low wall of brick. arcticus 14. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.Teucrium chamaedrys. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. encloses this plan. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. horizontally laid bluestone.
Campsis radicans. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Hamamelis virginiana.Thymus praecox subsp. blue 11. arcticus 'Albus'. witch hazel 18.Alchemilla vulgaris. trumpet vine 16. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . St.-John'swort 17.Santolina neapolitana 4.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis. lavender 3. crimson creeping thyme 9. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon thyme 10. white creeping thyme 5. Thymus × citriodorus. lemon balm hyssop 12.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.angustifolia. lady's6.Hyssopus officinalis.Viburnum cassinoides.
Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. It is. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. Although this is not a large garden. < previous page page_28 next page > . the shrubsyew. However. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Germander is a proper edging here. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. lilac. holly. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. however. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. box. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
sweet albula. Mentha requienii.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. 32. dwarf privet 48.Myrtus communis.Salvia sclarea. orris 38. florentina.Artemisia frigida.20.Artemisia camphorata. classic myrtle 15.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. red creeping thyme 10. 23. lilac 45. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Syringa patula. Simkins'. Alchemilla vulgaris. woolly thyme 7. gray sage savory 14. blue horehound hyssop 3. columnal yew 43. Corsican 24. 12.Dictamnus albus.Cytisus supinus.Anemone pulsatilla.Borago officinalis. 26. alpine strawberry 8. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf box 41.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme 31.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. sweet violet 19.Eloise & Jo Ray.Iris × germanica var. mantle chamomile 5.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. dwarf crested iris 39.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. winter 29. lamb'sears 35.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. shrubby cinquefoil 46. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. prostrate rosemary 13. white hyssop 4. green 27.Satureja montana.Ruta graveolens. lady's. clary 30. 9. mint silver mound artemisia 25. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Salvia leucophylla. santolina alpine pink 28. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Iris cristata. Heliotropium arborescens.Teucrium chamaedrys.Chrysanthemum coccineum. broom 40.Chamaemelum nobile.Santolina virens. Japanese holly 47. Thymus praecox subsp. 18.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Viola odorata. Marrubium vulgare.Comptonia peregrina.Stachys byzantina. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. fringed wormwood 16.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. fraxinella 33. sweet cicely17.Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata. arcticus 'Albus'. germander 36. 1. rue 6. Japanese yew 44. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Santolina pinnata 34. cottage pink 2.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. lavender 22.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. 21.Hyssopus officinalis. Japanese holly 42. white creeping thyme 37. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus.
These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. as is true here in the vegetable garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . a running bond pattern. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and a vegetable garden. This hedge. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. the center of interest for the herb garden. Other paths are brick. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. while adding to the enclosure of the area. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. an herb garden. a cutting garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. and one has an inset for a garden seat.
Landscape Architect. .S. A.L.A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.
green santolina 42. yellow epimedium 15. garden sage 56. 14. alpine strawberry 3.Pelargonium in variety.Origanum majorana. statice Solemacher'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. fraxinella 26. lamb's-ears 49.Ribes alpinum. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. helenium 4.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Hyssopus officinalis. 37.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. bush basil 41. winter savory 44. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Satureja hortensis. Stokes' aster 31.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Dictamnus albus. sweet marjoram 45. Rosmarinus officinalis. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Magnolia virginiana. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Stokesia laevis. Achillea taygetea. clary 46.Rosa damascena savory crispum. 1. blue hyssop 43. blue 27. Aquilegia chrysantha.Stachys byzantina.Helleborus niger.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. white 'Bouquet'. yellow 35. 47. dill wishbone flower 5.Origanum heracleoticum.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus × citriodorus. 52. French tarragon 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Anethum graveolens 23. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 50. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. lavender 18.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. Louise'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. cottage pink French'. verbena rose chive 11.Santolina virens.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. starsMaxima'. sweet 51. lemon thyme 40.Ocimum basilicum 54.Satureja montana.Petroselinum crispum var.Galium odoratum.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Artemisia dracunculus var.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. double white peony of-Persia 12.Allium christophii.Lilium candidum. lemon 29. pale 28. yellow 24. candytuft Standard'.Salvia sclarea. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. 22.Hemerocallis × luteola. Christmas 48. germander 39. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. 53.Polystichum acrostichoides. summer 34. plantain lily 2.Digitalis grandiflora.The number in each planting area is the key number. French thyme 7. 32. 55.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. York-andLancaster rose 16.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Allium schoenoprasum.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Campanula persicifolia. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Limonium latifolium. blue iris 9. sativa.Salvia officinalis.
< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. a retaining wall or walls are needed. While serving as a soil retainer. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. as in this case. < previous page page_32 next page > . This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden.
A. lemon 22.Galium odoratum. 1. lemon verbena 46. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Stachys byzantina. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum. Borago officinalis. F. bee balm 24. lamb's25.R. crispum.Aloysia triphylla. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.A.Tanacetum vulgare var.Iris pseudacorus. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. Monarda didyma.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Alchemilla vulgaris. 42.45. spearmint 41. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. Melissa officinalis. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Iris cristata. 21. lady's43. English 44. . borage 26. The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Viola odorata.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet 23.Mentha spicata. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Ocimum basilicum.
curly parsley oak 17. Rosmarinus officinalis.Elaeagnus pungens. southernwood 31.Mentha × piperita var. leek 49. carpet bugleweed 8.Artemisia abrotanum. Greek 53. 57.Chrysanthemum balsamita. tabasco senna pepper 20. wild 39. savory sativa.Capsicum frutescens.Allium sativum. citrata.Nepeta cataria. 56. Poterium sanguisorba.Ruta graveolens. rue 51. salad burnet 10.Origanum majorana. garlic chive 48.Artemisia dracunculus var. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Crataegus arkansana. sweet marjoram 28. 40. Egyptian onion 11. summer 32. 52.Allium tuberosum.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Salvia officinalis.Vinca minor. curly mint 30. pineapple38.7.Satureja hortensis.Cassia marilandica.Salvia elegans.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Mentha pulegium. garden sage 36.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. rosemary 9.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound neapolitanum. polyantha rose 12. absinthe English thyme 27. 33.Allium cepa. French tarragon holly 13.Rosa × rehderana. Proliferum Group. pink hawthorn 16. clove 55.Dianthus caryophyllus. myrtle 58.Artemisia absinthium. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Allium ampeloprasum. catnip 50. mullein chive 47. post crispum 'Banquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. orange mint 29. Porrum Group. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Verbascum thapsus.Quercus stellata. fennel 35. pennyroyal 54. Ajuga reptans.Petroselinum crispum var.Anethum graveolens. 37. dill 34.Cornus florida.Origanum heracleoticum. flowering dogwood 15.
but it is more than adequate for potpourri. However. mothproofing bags. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. < previous page page_34 next page > .< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. Although this is a northeast exposure. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. and vinegars. sleep pillows. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.
Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 31. 23. balm valerian 15. purple basil sage 11. 19. lilac 32. florentina.Ocimum basilicum 27.Allium pulchellum 47.Tropaeolum minus.Allium schoenoprasum. Lactuca. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. bee balm 30. round-headed garlic 46. rue 26. daylily in variety 41.Calendula officinalis. 'Monge'.Levisticum officinale. peppermint geranium 40. 49. Roman 20.Allium cepa. salad 22.Rumex scutatus. Egyptian onion 42.Aloysia triphylla. garden 'Purpurascens'.Agastache foeniculum.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Artemisia abrotanum.Mentha spicata. Petroselinum crispum var. tansy 16.Allium moly.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Tanacetum vulgare. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Monarda didyma. lemon 18. lily leek 44.Pelargonium tomentosum. 24.Pelargonium fragrans. burnet lovage 6. costmary 5. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. sativa. lettuce in variety 25. 21. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Valeriana officinalis. lemon verbena 36. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Pelargonium × limoneum.Satureja montana.Iris × germanica var. Santolina chamaecyparissus. winter 29. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Hyssopus officinalis .The number in each planting area is the key number. southernwood 9. crispum.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ruta graveolens. Thymus × citriodorus.Alchemilla vulgaris. blue hyssop 35. Artemisia pontica.Pelargonium graveolens. lavender 7. French gray santolina sorrel 8. chive 43. American rosemary arborvitae 34. garden sage 2. Poterium sanguisorba.Salvia officinalis. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. nutmeg geranium 39. orris 17. Hallock'. English finger-bowl geranium 38. dwarf nasturtium 37. bay 48. pot 28.Salvia oficinalis.Galium odoratum.Salvia elegans. 'President Poincare'. anise hyssop 14.Tsuga canadensis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Thuja occidentalis. French tarragon 10.Allium sativum var. Proliferum Group.Laurus nobilis.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Hemerocallis.Allium sphaerocephalum. 50.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.
Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. < previous page page_36 next page > . Invasive.
Thymus 'Clear Gold'. thyme 3. foxglove 4. dwarf winter savory 2.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer savory 43. Satureja montana 'Nana'. French tarragon 44.Sempervivum tectorum. valerian 5.Marrubium vulgare. fennel 25. golden thyme . Digitalis purpurea. white thrift 24.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Poterium sanguisorba.Satureja hortensis. 1.Armeria maritima.Foeniculum vulgare. Valeriana officinalis. pineapple mint 22.Monarda didyma. bee balm 26. salad burnet 23. horehound 46. pineapplescented sage 47. sativa.Salvia elegans. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. houseleek 45.
30. annual clary 51.Symphytum officinale. yellow 41.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Anemone pulsatilla. Salvia sclarea. pot 35.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 55. rue 31. rosemary 28.Agrimonia eupatoria. 33. China rose comfrey 19.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. viper's 34.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden 42.Lavandula angustifolia. 54.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. pink 62. 39.Levisticum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Salvia viridis. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . Madonna cicely lily 12.Rosa chinensis. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Sium sisarum. clary 48. fraxinella 8.Galium verum.Helleborus orientalis. white creeping thyme aconite 14. French'.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. sweet 50.Ruta graveolens. angelica Lenten rose 10. sweet 32. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. germander 56. Dictamnus albus. blue hyssop 57.Artemisia absinthium.Origanum majorana.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. Angelica archangelica.Helleborus niger.Salvia officinalis. dyer's woad 7.6.Echium vulgare. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Crocus sativus. white 58.Myrrhis odorata. absinthe 53. 40. marigold chive 15.Chrysanthemum 36. English 52.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum. skirret 60. Isatis tinctoria. feverfew climbing rose 16.Allium schoenoprasum. pink 59.Rosa eglanteria. 61.Lilium candidum. 38.Laurus nobilis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. sweet basil sage 27.Eranthis hyemalis. lavender Christmas rose 11.Calendula officinalis. sweet 37. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. dwarf edging box 21.Galium odoratum. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. parthenium.
There is variety in this plan. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. However. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and the shagbark hickory. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Carya ovata. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. even though space is limited. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. < previous page page_38 next page > . Thought needs to be given to their pruning.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton. Landscape Architect .
borage Petroselinum crispum. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. Artemisia absinthium. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. citrata. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. Adiantum pedatum. stewardsonii.Arisaema triphyllum. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. lamb's. box Carya ovata.Galium verum. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. flax Buxus sempervirens. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. sativa. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. red mint . box Ruta graveolens. angelica Mondarda didyma. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. sweet basil Satureja montana. rue Cornusflorida. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. green santolina Primula veris. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. Aloysia triphylla. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. valerian Rosa damascena. germander Agastache foeniculum. Canada Isatis tinctoria. Poterium sanguisorba. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. box Buxus sempervirens. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. Marrubium vulgare. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. Asarum canadense. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. chive Ilex opaca. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. French Galium odoratum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
A clump of birch here. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. < previous page page_40 next page > . An informal.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. a dipping pool there. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. this excavation. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. A singular statue of St. is on a sandy knoll. too. unplanned look was desired. However. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. it is open on the side facing the house. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. For this appearance.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
thrift55.Melissa officinalis. 74.Chelidonium majus. 65. 63.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. white birch English lavender parthenium. French'. red mint 48. 52. pineapple3. orange geranium 11.Mentha × piperita. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Urginea maritima.Angelica archangelica. 33. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Digitalis grandiflora.Mentha × gentilis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Satureja hortensis. 53. Johnny-jump-up54. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Origanum onites. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. celandine cicely 18. 70. 69. 36.Levisticum officinale. 77. lemon balm 44.Pelargonium crispum. bee balm . 34. wild 43. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. rose bergamot valerian 25.Glechoma hederacea.Origanum vulgare. 38.Salvia elegans.Monarda fistulosa. 1.Thymus herba-barona. mint 50.Santolina florentina. 78.Althaea officinalis. creeping juniper 26. 75. 8.Convallaria majalis. myrtle 14.Chrysanthemum 80.Satureja montana. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 72.Anethum graveolens. 'Prostratus'. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Consolida orientalis. chive crispum.Artemisia abrotanum. woolly thyme 13.Anthriscus cerefolium. 60.Petroselinum crispum. sweet 71.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. Thymus × citriodorus. 32. 64.Nepeta cataria.Monarda didyma. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. pennyroyal 46. golden 37.Stachys byzantina. 31. peppermint 47. blue 2. apple mint 49.Pelargonium denticulatum.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 12.Achillea tomentosa.Betula papyrifera. 61. rose geranium 10. rue 29. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Salvia officinalis. Sempervivum tectorum. Ruta graveolens.Myrrhis odorata. spearmint 45.Origanum majorana. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 58.Mentha spicata.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha pulegium. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Poterium sanguisorba. marsh 42.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Coriandrum sativum. gray scented sage santolina 4.Pelargonium tomentosum.Teucrium canadense.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Pelargonium quercifolium.Digitalis purpurea. garden sage lungwort 57.Vinca minor. sea onion angelica 24. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Thymus praecox subsp. 67. Iris × germanica var. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Pelargonium graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa 'Merry England'.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.The number in each planting area is the key number. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 68.Pulmonaria officinalis.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 79.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Ajuga reptans. catnip 73. wild 51. 59. purple basil 9. fern-leaf tansy 23. 76. pot 66. orris chamaecyparissus. winter savory 20. feverfew 27.Valeriana officinalis. 30.Lavandula angustifolia.Armeria maritima. lemon 35.Mentha suaveolens. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Allium favum lovage 22.Viola tricolor.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. and the two small trees. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. < previous page page_42 next page > . is used for the wall. the same as the smokehouse construction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. They are clustered around the smokehouse. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. making it more a part of the herb garden.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Because of the edging box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Foundation stone. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. the accents of the six large box. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it.
< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. . Landscape Architect. A.A.L.S.
lemon 34. orange mint 19.Lilium candidum. chive comfrey curly mint 8. summer 25. lady's. Ocimum basilicum 24.Myrrhis odorata. Symphytum officinale. 22.The number in each planting area is the key number. species in variety crispum.Crataegus laevigata.38.Alchemilla vulgaris.Artemisia abrotanum. Corsican 33.Satureja montana. spearmint 48. English 'Minimum'.Mentha × piperita var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. balm citrata. lovage 46.Chrysanthemum 28.Buxus sempervirens. fraxinella 17.Mentha spicata.Mentha requienii.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Melissa officinalis. verbena English thyme 5. box 'Citriodorum'. 31.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Ocimum basilicum 32. purple basil sativa. 21.Allium schoenoprasum. Pelargonium graveolens. 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia frigida. fringed 43. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. 40. European ginger 4.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Prunus domestica. blue angelica lungwort 20. pineapple mint 18. 39. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Angelica archangelica.Allium giganteum. bee balm 29.Viola tricolor. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Fritillaria imperialis. lemon 36.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. 44. balsamita. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. rosemary 3. Dictamnus albus. 47.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha × piperita. lemon basil 15.Pulmonaria officinalis. 1. Asarum europaeum. 27. 35. Satureja hortensis.Levisticum officinale. sweet 26. Origanum majorana.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. 41.Tanacetum vulgare var.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. dwarf edging box 14. sweet 37. Lavandula angustifolia. sweet cicely45.Galium odoratum. sweet marjoram 2.Crocus. Rosmarinus officinalis. white 23.Ocimum basilicum 30.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Artemisia dracunculus var. winter 42. crownbasil savory imperial 11.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .
Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. < previous page page_44 next page > . accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. two specimen shrubs. too. pink of Dianthus. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. a soil retainer. This hedge. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. The dipping bowl. the dwarf box edging. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. although it is ample at four feet. This is true also of the stone curbing. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Lowgrowing. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Instead. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment.
A. .A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.L.
Galanthus nivalis.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha × piperita.Digitalis grandiflora. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 51. 53. 52. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 1.Nepeta mussinii. American 38.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. clary 32. arcticus 30.Hamamelis virginiana.Teucrium canadense. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 26.Levisticum officinale. rue25. Compactus'.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. lemon 33. 36.Sternbergia lutea.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. 'Lanuginosus'.Borago officinalis. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. caraway thyme albus. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. lemon 60.Crocus tomasinianus. Madonna 63. prostrate rosemary 18.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Thymus praecox subsp.Crocus kotschyanus. 56.Myrica pensylvanica.57. 45. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Leucojum aestivum. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. winter savory 39. 44. 40.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. verbena snowflake 19.Galium odoratum.Narcissus asturiensis. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Anemone blanda. Spanish bluebell 16. 2.Tulipa kaufmanniana. borage 31. 20.Helleborus niger. tulip citrata. arcticus 34.Narcissus triandrus var.Santolina virens. 61.Cimicifuga racemosa.Angelica archangelica. gray 22. spearmint 48. lamb's-ears 28. 46.The number in each planting area is the key number. orange mint 8.Crocus speciosus. catmint 35. thyme 29. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. sweet 55. 54.Tulipa clusiana. Origanum majorana. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Mentha × piperita var.Satureja montana. Santolina chamaecyparissus. white 42.Dicentra spectabilis.Lilium candidum. 50.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. green santolina 37. sweet 47. lily. Stachys byzantina.Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus doerfleri. golden thyme41.Thymus herba-barona. sweet 27. 58. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. white creeping thyme lovage 10. 49. black cohosh windflower 15.Ocimum basilicum.Allium christophii. Salvia officinalis. 17.Helleborus lividus subsp.Mentha spicata.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. angustifolia 'Nana'.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus angustifolius.Salvia sclarea.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Convallaria majalis.Mertensia virginica. marjoram crocus 7. 43.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. angel's-tears 59.
late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. First. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Second. The results have been most satisfying. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Morning sun warms it early. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season.
Thymus × citriodorus. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. garden sage 4. . English thyme 43.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Landscape Architect.S. French tarragon 5. The number in each planting area is the key number. marigold 41.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Allium neapolitanum. sweet basil 23. Origanum heracleoticum. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon 21. tulip 45.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia lactiflora. Artemisia absinthium 24. clary thyme 22. crocus 44.Crocus sieberi. Beauty'.Salvia officinalis. wild celery 42. Porrum Group.Allium ampeloprasum. absinthe sativa.A. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. woolly thyme 3. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Apium graveolens. Ocimum basilicum. A.Tulipa tarda. 25.L.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. leek 46. 26. 'Lambrook Silver'. Thymus praecox subsp.
Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. alpine 28. 8. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. fraxinella 36.Galium mollugo.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. Robert verbena Brydon'. 56.Achillea filipendula 60.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Ribes sativum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. pale 49.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Tropaeolum minus. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Ipomoea alba.Lobelia siphilitica.Asclepias tuberosa.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Cornus florida.Digitalis grandiflora. Lavandula angustifolia.foxglove 7. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Levisticum officinale. lemon 50. lobelia Sherbert'.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Aconitum napellus. viola holly 18. lovage 34. American marjoram Yellow'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. 39. 54.Petroselinum crispum var. 32. 29. butterfly 47. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. weed chive 48.Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana. yellow 55. monkshood upright yew 17. great 31. dogwood 19.Santolina virens.Allium schoenoprasum.Ilex opaca. curly parsley 20.Stachys byzantina. Viola odorata.Nepeta × faassenii. blue 38. American elderberry 15.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. 58. green 40. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. lamb's-ears 52. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Dianthus × allwoodii.Allium senescens var. clematis 11.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Clematis 'Mrs. sweet 37.Aloysia triphylla. white evergreen azalea 16. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Dictamnus albus. bee balm foxglove Choice'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. red currant gray santolina 13.Malus hupehensis.Artemisia camphorata. catmint 53. pink 30. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
Well-drained as they are. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. A birdbath of copper. are raised with bricks on edge. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. an impression of Sol in it. repeats again the octagonal form. even though the growing area is not extensive. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The four herb beds.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 27. Artemisia abrotanum. crispum. angustifolia.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium graveolens. lamb's-ears 17. clary 21. English thyme horehound 2. purple basil 24.Heliotropium arborescens. Artemisia absinthium. orange santolina geranium 11. 1.Nepeta mussinii.Lavandula dentata.Lavandula angustifolia. French 26. lemon 39. 16.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Marrubium vulgare. sativa. spearmint southernwood 5. curly mint 3.Salvia officinalis. rosemary 33. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Semple.Poterium sanguisorba. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium tomentosum. catmint 6.Allium tuberosum. 29. rue 35. 42. lavender pine geranium chive 13. bush basil 23. heliotrope 31. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . dill 18. peppermint 4.Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. curly parsley 32.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon 30. Anethum graveolens. 28.Santolina 25. prostrate rosemary 34. absinthe 20. gray 'Prince of Orange'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha × piperita. thyme salad burnet 40. purple variegated garden sage 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. Artemisia dracunculus var. 19. 43. sweet woodruff 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 15.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium crispum.Ruta graveolens. golden variegated garden sage 38. variegated garden sage 37. clove pink 10.Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium denticulatum.Mentha spicata. sweet basil 22.Petroselinum crispum var. Galium odoratum.Salvia sclarea.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 7.Thymus × citriodorus.Joan E. lemon 41.Thymus praecox subsp. silver mound artemisia 8. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. white creeping thyme 12.
Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. too. rose geranium. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. lemon verbena. A suitable fence. a toolhouse. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. rose.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. < previous page page_52 next page > . arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. and lantana are a few. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. A birdbath may replace the pool. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. if neither is available.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
lavender 3.Santolina virens. green 12.Chamaemelum nobile.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. sweet santolina marjoram 6.A. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. absinthe 'Minimum'.Aloysia triphylla.Origanum majorana.L.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.S.Heliotropium arborescens.Chenopodium botrys. lemon thyme 20. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . heliotrope 21. arcticus 'Albus'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. 9. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. lemon 10. rosescented geranium 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. bush basil 5.Thymus praecox subsp. verbena ambrosia 4.Thymus × citriodorus. woolly thyme 15.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. A.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. Thymus praecox subsp. fern-leaf tansy 8. zonal geranium 19.Pelargonium frutetorum. gray santolina chamomile 14. Landscape Architect. zonal geranium 18. white creeping thyme 2. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Tanacetum vulgare var. geranium 16. The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia absinthium 11. crispum. 7.
but the design itself has endured forty years. the design is clearly traced. artemisias. Hyssop hedges define the circles. apothecary's rose. box. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. a sundial. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . The dwarf box frames the focal point. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. mints.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Box and holly enclose it all. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Angelica. a deep mauve to others. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. As the snows melt. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. These can easily obliterate a design.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Helleborus atrorubens 12.Hyssopus officinalis. arcticus 38.Origanum onites. 58. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. 48. green santolina 24. pot bergamot marjoram 7. daffodil 17. skirret 53.Myrrhis odorata. bronze 64. masterwort 69.Asclepias tuberosa.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Foeniculum vulgare. French thyme Madonna lily 16. 62. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lady's-mantle 46.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Monarda fistulosa. white dead 49.Arisaema dracontium. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Vitis. lilac 70. 1.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.James D. Origanum majorana.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Sempervivum tectorum.Reseda luteola.Sedum telephium.Astrantia major.Paeonia officinalis. weld 54. absinthe 34.Pyrus communis.63.Pulmonaria officinalis. arcticus 39. dyer's woad 9. rue 23.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.47.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. butterfly weed35.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.30. crimson creeping thyme 18. feverfew 14.Teucrium chamaedrys. gray 37. yew Beauty'.Helleborus niger. 59. rosemary 25.Syringa.Asarum europaeum. Dianthus caryophyllus. Satureja montana. thrift 41. white 66.Helleborus orientalis.Lilium candidum.Buxus sempervirens.Lavandula dentata. germander 43. 26.Alchemilla alpina. perilla 51. valerian 6. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Melissa officinalis.Symphytum officinale.Taxus. 56. orris 57. lamb's-ears 33. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Valeriana officinalis.Iris × germanica var. dwarf edging box 21.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. alpine 60.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Thymus praecox subsp.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. green. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Chamaemelum nobile.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Canadian burnet 13.Artemisia camphorata. southernwood 2. marjoram lungwort crispum. florentina.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Armeria maritima. winter savory 32. nasturtium 28.Artemisia absinthium.Tanacetum vulgare var. 65. grape fennel 19. 55. Pelargonium in variety. Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp. 'Albus'. sweet woodruff45. blue 50.Galium odoratum. houseleek Lenten rose 11. Tropaeolum majus.Allium schoenoprasum. white creeping thyme French'. 67.Perillafrutescens. blue hyssop 42. Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. scented.Stachys byzantina. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Isatis tinctoria. arcticus 40.Santolina neapolitana 36.Lavandula angustifolia.Lamium album. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Sium sisarum. bush basil nettle orpine 4. fern-leaf tansy 5. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. clove pink 29. Graham. piney 44. sweet 27. orris box 22. wild 52. chamomile 31.
The large. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Rosa 'Albertine'. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. include this one. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. If there is room for only one rambler rose. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. with buds of red. At the top of the steps. rising from the courtyard. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. < previous page page_56 next page > . on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. They are small specialty beds. The brick edging around each bed is a help. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. pink. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. At an appropriate distance farther along this path.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. However. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. In addition to the brick edging around each.
garden sage 40. foxglove 39.Melissa officinalis.Borago officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Carum carvi. 23. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Thymus × citriodorus. angelica 20. English thyme . winter savory 41. caraway 24. lavender 4. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. 22. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare. subsp. alpine strawberry 3.Rheum rhabarbarum. bush basil 43.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana. 1. lemon balm 42. Angelica archangelica. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. tansy Bois'. rhubarb 2. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.
Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. bourbon rose 10.Calendula officinalis.Salvia elegans. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. 35. pot 50.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla.Dianthus Victoria'. centifolia 'Cristata'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. lemon 51. rose 28. musk rose 12. silver 27. var. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.R. curly parsley 26. Irish-lace 48.R.sativa. 31. Hyssopus officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita.R. muscosa 15.Pelargonium. 36. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.R. 49.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha × piperita var.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. French'.Anethum graveolens 47.Petroselinum crispum var. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Chenopodium 55.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. 56. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. Pelargonium graveolens. geranium in 30.Satureja hortensis. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. sweet 37. 45.Artemisia dracunculus 44. 29.Chrysanthemum. 54. Thymus 'Argenteus'.R.Marrubium vulgare.Laurus nobilis.Teucrium chamaedrys. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. centifolia var. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.R.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.'Albertine'.Chrysanthemum 46. thyme frutescens. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Tagetes filifolia. pineapple34. centifolia. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. blue hyssop 25. French 33. Consolida ambigua.6.Origanum majorana. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Lavandula dentata. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .'Baronne Prevost'. citrata.R. Mexican tea 18. cheddar pink 53.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. salad 7. marguerite chive 9. clove pink Mammoth'. prostrate rosemary 16.
Laid in an unusual pattern. It is near the house. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. as it should be. too. < previous page page_58 next page > . It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Balance is augmented. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Origanum majorana. English thyme signet marigold 11.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dill 9. blue hyssop 13.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Salvia officinalis. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.A.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. arcticus 'Albus'.Allium schoenoprasum.S.Poterium sanguisorba. 16.Myosotis sylvatica. Rosmarinus officinalis. 20. dwarf edging box 8.L. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . lavender 2. Landscape Architect.Ocimum basilicum. rosemary yellow viola 10. angustifolia 'Munstead'. 17.Hyssopus officinalis.Heliotropium arborescens.Aloysia triphylla. green 22. santolina moss rose 7. sweet basil 14. English'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 1.Thymus praecox subsp.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. 24.Santolina virens. white creeping thyme 4.Satureja hortensis. double white peony 5. heliotrope 3. 19. gray 15. A. 21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anethum graveolens. chive lemon verbena 6. 23.
This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. potted lemon verbena.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and the grape arbor. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Herbs. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. too. The grape vines. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and a comfortable. < previous page page_60 next page > . the fence with roses. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. winter pruned.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
sweet climbing rose. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. lemon Linum perenne. three. purple variegated garden sage 4. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. 3. Valeriana officinalis. Stachys byzantina. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Teucrium chamaedrys. Althaea officinalis. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Aloysia triphylla. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Iris cristata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. marsh climbing rose. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. conical yew rosemary 1. BED II germander BED IV 2. Galium odoratum. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Nepeta mussinii.Amsonia tabernaemontana.
Sempervivum. angustifolia 'Munstead'. houseleek in variety 7. catmint 5. lavender 10. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. lemon thyme 9. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. beach Marrubium vulgare. Chamaemelum nobile. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. fairy rose Giant'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. creeping thyme in variety 8. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. plume Baptisia australis. Delphinium × belladonna. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Thymus. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lemon Anemone hybrida. tuberosa 6.
grew too large. planted in bands across these beds. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. blue green. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. tend to broaden the width of the garden.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. its detail is shown below. Herbs. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. magnolia. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Ivy. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. holly. and bright green in the herb beds. Later. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . this was replaced with ''edging" box. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. myrtle. Either it flourished too well. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. if desired. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Another angle could be tried with these. silver. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
Pelargonium fragrans. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Pelargonium graveolens. Ocimum basilicum 24.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Vinca minor. English'.Origanum majorana. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. lovage 48.Poterium sanguisorba. ears rose geranium 3.Mentha suaveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. Stachys byzantina.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus × citriodorus.Lavandula angustifolia. bay rosemary 12.Thymus doerfleri. English ivy burnet 10.Monarda didyma. bayberry balm thyme 13. myrtle 47. Borago officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus herba-barona. 'Minimum'. 44. purple basil savory 35. tansy 45. horehound germander 17.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. bee balm30. rue 20. winter 'Purpurascens'. borage 26. dwarf edging box 11. French thyme 39. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . purple garden sage 7. sweet 34. 1. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. lime geranium 4.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. salad 43.Rumex scutatus.Magnolia grandiflora. box chamaecyparissus. 6. lemon 29.Marrubium vulgare. lamb's.Artemisia abrotanum. Ruta graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil albula.19.Pelargonium × nervosum. silver-king artemisia 23.Chamaemelum nobile.Buxus sempervirens 14. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Tanacetum vulgare. Tropaeolum minus. caraway thyme 40.Levisticum officinale.Hedera helix. lemon 46. Ocimum basilicum 22.Satureja montana.Mentha spicata. gray santolina 15. spearmint 42.Melissa officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Myrica pensylvanica. arcticus 'Albus'. 25.Thymus 'Argenteus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 33. French 27. 28. thyme 37. woolly thyme 8. 49.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Thymus carnosus.Artemisia ludoviciana var. white creeping thyme 41.Ilex opaca. English thyme chamomile 2.Laurus nobilis. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. American holly 31. sweet woodruff 36.Artemisia dracunculus var. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. dwarf 21. thyme 38.Galium odoratum.
maypoles. Laurus nobilis. and treessome of which are espaliered. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. There is variety in the walks. accent this prime focal point even more. adding to the space for walking. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. standards. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. too. The four potted bay. too. potted shrubs. < previous page page_64 next page > . It is located for the best viewing. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. It is a large garden. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. brick. The use of flagstone.
1. apple English thyme up geranium 3.Chrysanthemum balsamita.50. Satureja montana. wild 28.Calendula officinalis. fragrans. pot 52.P.quercifolium.Chenopodium botrys. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.P. Thymus × citriodorus.acerifolium.odoratissimum. Johnny-jump.P. love-in. winter 27. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. 25.P. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 26.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.53. lemon 29.Viola tricolor.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Nigella damascena. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . 51.P. musty oakscented geranium 5. 49.
lemon 47.P.Salvia officinalis.Myrtus communis. wild thyme 31. tomentosum.Thymus serpyllum. classic 21. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. 64. fern-leaf 60.Allium senescens var. graveolens. cherry tomato chive 17. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lime geranium 55. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Artemisia abrotanum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Malus angustifolia. lettuce 40.Origanum dictamnus. lemon balm 45. radens 'Dr.P. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. orange geranium 23. denticulatum. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.P.Fragaria vesca. 71.Mentha pulegium. lemon-rose geranium 22. 41.Levisticum officinale. rose geranium66. camphor-scented geranium 69.Poterium sanguisorba. crispum 'Minor'.Mentha. arcticus43. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. peppermint 67. denticulatum 11.6.× nervosum. lemon geranium 56.P. 62. parsley 35. Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Lavandula angustifolia. crowfoot 70. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. rosemary 9. bee balm 63.Melissa officinalis. garden sage 54. Rosmarinus officinalis. English lavender 32.Poncirus trifoliata. box 19. 44. 58.P. 57.Achilleafilipendula. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. white sweet yarrow violet 13. 61.Marrubium vulgare. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Pelargonium crispum.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. horehound 46.Petroselinum crispum. strawberry 48. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum. sweet flag 16.Malus. golden lemon thyme 7. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Acorus calamus.Salvia caerulea. blue hyssop 10.72.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. French tarragon Rose'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Laurus nobilis. forsythia 'Albus'.Tanacetum vulgare var.P. pine crispum. white creeping thyme geranium 68. lemon geranium 33. Chamaemelum nobile.Aloysia triphylla. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Origanum majorana. lemon 65.Artemisia dracunculus var. glutinosum.Forsythia.Thymus praecox subsp.P. fern-leaf 'Nana'. bay 20.Monarda didyma. pheasant's.Viola odorata. bronze 38.P. chamomile 8.Livingston'.Anethum graveolens. radens. crispum.P.P.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.P.P. salad 42. sweet 37. lettuce 39. dill 36.
with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. < previous page page_66 next page > . This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. and Allium karataviense. In keeping with this feeling. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. too. This is a large garden by any standard. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. green santolina.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
dwarf garden 17.Artemisia frigida. big blue lilyturf 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Satureja montana. lemon 11.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus.Florence B.Salvia officinalis. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. chive 4. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. blue hyssop 16. gray 10.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. 15. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis. Mentha suaveolens. Baker. arcticus.Allium christophii. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Levisticum officinale. wormwood fennel 2. garden sage 18. winter savory 9. 1. 8.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium moly. green santolina 14.Liriope muscari. Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium sativa. Santolina virens.Salvia officinalis. apple mint 13. fringed 7.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. the square. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. < previous page page_70 next page > . the upper deck. Many herb gardens could provide this. for the box after new spring growth. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. and the front porch of the house. the circle. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
viola 3.Cupressus sempervirens.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. lavender 5. chamomile 2.Chamaemelum nobile.The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 8. dwarf myrtle 6.Cedrus deodara.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. Italian cypress 9.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. winter savory 4. dwarf edging box 7. 1.Satureja montana.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.
This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. from Peter Coats. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Paths are gravel." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Roses. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd.. Coin with Tudor rose design. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. as it was with this plan. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
19. monkshood27. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Carum carvi.Lilium candidum. pot marigold 15. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm 31. winter 32. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. caraway 35. oxlip 17. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Ruta graveolens.Mentha × piperita. Madonna 23. Eryngium maritimum.Iris pseudacorus.Calendula officinalis. classic myrtle 18.Viola odorata.Crocus sativus. parsley 29. 34. chamomile 4. wild thyme 5. Origanum majorana. lettuce 28. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. yellow flag 26.Fumaria officinalis.Aconitum napellus.The number in each planting area is the key number. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. rue 33. absinthe peppermint 8. Malva sylvestris. sweet violet 6. 22.Myrtus communis.Melissa officinalis. blue hyssop 2.Bellis perennis.Primula vulgaris.Primula elatior. spearmint 30. Thymus serpyllum. 25.Lactuca sativa.Petroselinum crispum. sweet marjoram 3. saffron lily crocus 12. Hyssopus officinalis.Fragaria vesca.Lavandula angustifolia. Foeniculum vulgare. clove20.Crithmum maritimum.Viola tricolor.Satureja montana. English daisy 36.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha spicata.Anemone pulsatilla. earth 24. Dianthus caryophyllus. Chamaemelum nobile. mallow 13. rosemary 16. salad burnet 10. fennel 21.
white blooms and woolly. plumed. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. However. spurred.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. but Always Love. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. silver mound. most of the blooms are nightscented. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. along with a measure of fragrance. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. Selected for this reason. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. white. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. its tufted. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden." Concrete blocks.
Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Marrubiam vulgare. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. petunia 30. 1. silver 16.Dictamnus albus. 'Albus'.Lilium candidum. Stachys byzantina.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 31. Dianthus 'White Lace'. white .19. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 17. white 32. pink 15.Galanthus nivalis.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. silver mound artemisia 3.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lamb's. horehound 2. Thymus 'Argenteus'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Santolina chamaecyparissus. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Galium odoratum.
Artemisia absinthium.6. Yucca filamentosa. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. tuberose 36.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Ipomoea alba. tulip 38.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. 26.Rosa 'Cinderella'. needle florentina.Artemisia ludoviciana. white stock absinthe 10. white 27. 25. clary 24. lavender 12.Salvia sclarea. Adam's.Polianthes tuberosa. dame's honesty rocket 14. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . sweet violet 20.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. western mugwort 7.Convallaria majalis. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.21. moonflower 39. rose 41.Artemisia stellerana. daffodil 35. rose 40. tulip 37.Iris × germanica var.Chrysanthemum parthenium. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. white 22.Hesperis matronalis. albula.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. orris 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. beach mugwort wormwood 9. 28.Lunaria annua.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. Artemisia lactiflora. Viola odorata. 23.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Matthiola incana.
too. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. required their use as an educational adjunct. This herb garden. Many of these herbs lack the hues. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. textures. Rather. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. < previous page page_76 next page > . The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. related to an old mill reconstruction. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
sisal 27. 20.Cytisus scoparius.Galium verum. 29. 37. 28.Rhus typhina. Boehmeria nivea.Anthemis tinctoria. Musa textilis.Carthamus tinctorius.Galium odoratum. woad Susan laevifolium. 23. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 26.Parmelia conspersa. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. sumac poke 17. 47. fuller's 30.Furcraea hexapetala. 39.Cotinus coggygria. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. goldthread 41.Mahonia aquifolium. weld 57. blueberry 13. ramie 24.Filipendula ulmaria.Tagetes patula.51. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. Sansevieria trifasciata.Sanguinaria canadensis.Genista germanica.Reseda luteola.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Coptis trifolia. 34.Vaccinium angustifolium var. broad 42. Agave fourcroydes.Agrimonia eupatoria.Polygonum hydropiperoides. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. African 45. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. 53. Abutilon theophrasti. peach bracken sorrel 19. privet marigold 15.Solidago species..Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Chelidonium majus.Phytolacca americana.Convallaria majalis. 35.Hypericum perforatum. alkanet 52.Berberis vulgaris. Manila 25.Monarda didyma.46.Hydrastis canadensis. St. Hibiscus cannabinus.Rubia tinctorum. saffron crocus marguerite 3. henequen marigold bearberry 8. 32.Viburnum acerifolium. French 33. yellow 55.Genista tinctoria.Tagetes erecta. golden 40.Cladrastis lutea. 43. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Rumex obtusifolius.Coreopsis tinctoria. Linum usitatissimum.Dipsacus sativus. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Anchusa officinalis. bee 36.Rumex acetosa. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Morus rubra or alba. garden 56. 22. dyer's broom safflower 6. Scotch broom hemp 7.Crocus sativus.38. Agave sisalana. stinging nettle44. lily.Indigofera tinctoria. dyer's 31. black-eyed 50.Pteridium aquilinum.Isatis tinctoria. 48.Allium cepa.Ligustrum vulgare. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Urtica dioica. madder 54.Rudbeckia hirta.Prunus persica. Gossypium hirsutum. onion China jute 4. flax 21. queen. sweet 49.
There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. A totally appealing edging. Elsewhere. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. as well as the roses. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. < previous page page_78 next page > . by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
'Belle Amour' 6. Legras de St. Alfred de Rougemont'. cl. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. rambler 19. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 25. 'Marie Pavic' 8. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'American Pillar'. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Mme. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. rambler 20. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 24. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Sombreuil'. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. 18. cl. 22. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Seven Sisters'. 1. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. cl. 23. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'White Rose of York' 3. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17.
This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. The notch of four square feet. Circles and angles provide interest.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. < previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
giant garlic var. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. eggplant 43. melongena 1. graveolens 'French Dinant'.C. 26. 24. C. graveolens var.B. C. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.A.B.C.L. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. graveolens var.A. 28.A. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.C. scorodoprasum. 27.A.B. C. tuberosum.S. C. red 37. shallot Lakes'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. annuum 'Pinocchio'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. annuum 'Golden Bell'.Cichorium intybus. red-flowered kale 6. kohlrabi Rock'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.C. 32. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. melongena 2. celery I 31.A. 45. 25. 22. oleracea 'Prima'. annuum 'Nosegay'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.Apium graveolens var. crispum 'Banquet'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. cherry tomato 34. white-flowered kale 49. 39. annuum 'Variegata'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. 48. 40.S.sativa 'Ruby'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. garlic chive 44. annuum 'Black Prince'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. schoenoprasum. lycopersicum var. C.B.A.B.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. red 38. dulce 50. 30. oleracea 'Green Parade'. curly eggplant parsley 23.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. graveolens var.Solanum melongena var.C. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.A. Petroselinum crispum var.C. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.A. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Beauty'.B.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. celery Bed 9. C. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. C.B.A. Capsicum annuum var. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. Boerner. 29. cepa Proliferum Group. ruby swiss chard var. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . sprouts celery 8.B. annuum 'Teno'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.esculentum 'Long Black'.B. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. annuum 'Red Boy'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. annuum 'Fips'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. leek 5. chive 42. pear Purple Vienna'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. annuum 'Mosaic'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.L. oleracea 'Red Acre'. dulce 47. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.B. celery Group.B.
and golden thyme. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. When viewed from the terrace above. arcs. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. All of the circles. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. for each is a complete entity. winter savory. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
P.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. Marshall. rose-scented geranium 4. crispum. 12.L. 19. orange geranium 8.S.Myrica pensylvanica.P. 15. odoratissimum.' lemon geranium 23. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. acerifolium. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P.P. P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. gooseberry geranium 24. apricot geranium28. rose geranium 27. lime geranium Rose'.P. pungent-scented geranium 25..× fragrans 'Variegatum'. A.P. grossularioides. 17. × nervosum 'Torento'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. Santolina virens. Livingston'. oak-leaved geranium 16. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. 1. 29. graveolens. peppermint 26. P. scabrum.P.Ilex glabra. Satureja montana.P. Landscape Architect.P. lemon geranium 22. tomentosum. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.A. Assoc.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. germander crowfoot geranium 21. P. The number in each planting area is the key number.Melissa R. × domesticum 6.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . maple-leaved 18. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. crispum 'French Lace. inkberry geranium 9.× nervosum.P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. green 14.P.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. winter 13. golden 11. Teucrium chamaedrys. radens 'Dr.P.P.
or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. filled with plants that have contrasting color. Maintenance is high for a knot." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. was planted using edging box only. sand. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. For ease of maintenance this same knot design.Lavandula angustifolia. English lavender 2. texture. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. or marble chips. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. To ease the care for a more complicated design. and growth to the plants of the knot design.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. such as a dwarf edging box. on page 37.Santolina virens. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. closed knot design. Its interspaces can be mulched. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed.Hyssopus officinalis. For the knot to look its best at all times. especially when it is blooming. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. 1. . which is framed with a brick edging. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. blue hyssop 3. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs.
crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina 3. green santolina 2.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box 4. arcticus 'Coccineus'.
S.officinalis 'Tricolor'. caraway thyme 9. which is found more often out in the open. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. 8.Thymus praecox subsp. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. The knot material is maintained at six inches. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. white 7. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary creeping thyme 2.T. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. lavender Japanese barberry 5. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 1. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. herba-barona.T. arcticus 'Albus'. In another departure from the usual. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. creeping thymes. purple variegated 11. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. Some maintenance is required for clipping.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 'Munstead'. which are confined to that area. praecox subsp. fig 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Teucrium chamaedrys. Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. the height of the edging. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. variegated garden sage .
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Teucrium canadense.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 2. American germander 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender . The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. setting it off admirably. germander .< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.Teucrium chamaedrys.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.
pleasing color. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. each one a quarter-circle. < previous page page_88 next page > .< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. adding another facet to an appealing design. which are also laid on edge. again laid on edge. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
Salvia clevelandii.Lavandula dentata var.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Argenteus'. grenadin pink chamomile 4. lavender 9. 18. gray santolina 2. golden marguerite 25.Stachys byzantina. silver sage 15. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Perovskia atriplicifolia. woolly yarrow 23. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Marrubium incanum. rue 21.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. samphire14. curry plant 7. silver thyme 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Allium senescens var.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Helichrysum angustifolium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. glaucum 11. dwarf 12.Artemisia frigida. blue sage 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. tree artemisia 26. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. tree germander 22. Russian sage 24. lavender 5.Leontopodium alpinum. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . 17.Anthemis marschalliana.Salvia argentea.Crithmum maritimum. dwarf gray santolina 20. lavender 8. angustifolia 'Rosea'. candicans.Teucrium fruticans. 1.Santolina neapolitana 10.Anthemis tinctoria.Artemisia arborescens. silver horehound 19. 16. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. French lavender 3.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. and the savories. If one is familiar with herbs. are without number.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Styles of containers. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. As with other plant material. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. The color of the container plays a lesser role. which include hanging baskets. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. oregano. basil. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. lady's-mantle. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. < previous page page_90 next page > . Some are rosemary. thyme. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. sweet marjoram. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all.
< previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often.
visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. < previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
LandscapeArchitect.A. Of course supervision is necessary. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. If children's interest is not sustained.S. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.L. However. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. < previous page page_95 next page > . A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.
Children in this age group can help with the construction. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. too. Just keep a garden design for children simple. These are ''old roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. < previous page page_96 next page > . they are easily handpicked. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two." selected for their greater fragrance. Instead of benches on the patio.
.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. A.L. Landscape Architect.
lovage 12.Allium moly.Isatis tinctoria.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis. garlic chive 29. damask rose 32. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. 20. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. ophioscorodon. 13. 1. ambrosia 2. dyer's bush basil woad 9. crispum. lily leek 30. cottage pink 18. Nigella damascena.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Salvia sclarea.Calendula officinalis. glaucum 31.Satureja hortensis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Artemisia camphorata.Origanum majorana.Allium senescens var. 16. English lavender 7.Artemisia abrotanum.Nepeta cataria.Chenopodium botrys. Dianthus plumarius. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pot marigold 8. alpine strawberry 3. Borago officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. catnip 27. clary 25. English lavender 4. 19.Tropaeolum minus. southernwood 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. American 21. Petroselinum crispum var. dill pennyroyal 11.Allium tuberosum.Marrubium vulgare. neapolitanum. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.rocambole 28.Rosa damascena. garden sage 24.Rosa gallica. Levisticum officinale. summer savory 22.Anethum graveolens. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . love-in-a-mist 14.Allium sativum var. horehound 26. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Italian parsley 23.Petroselinum crispum var. dwarf 6. borage 15.Hedeoma pulegioides.
The design is a medley of shapes and textures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The sculptures. < previous page page_98 next page > . The oval. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. not noted on the plan. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. are a seal and a turtle. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. All are inviting to the touch. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. previously used as a skating rink. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy.
Landscape Architect.A.A.R.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F. .
shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. bee orchid Erigeron. mint Galium odoratum. winter savory Mentha. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum.Hedeoma pulegioides. tansy Monarda didyma. Nepeta cataria. coltsfoot Mimulus. English Tussilago farfara. dog violet Lemna. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. chamomile Mentha. chive dandelion Allium sativum. fleabane Stellaria. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. lousewort Viola canina. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. cowslip Linaria. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. Foeniculum vulgare. Greek Stachys byzantina. Trifolium pratense. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. borage Tanacetum vulgare. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm Satureja montana. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. duckweed Antennaria. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. mint Tagetes. fat-hen Primula veris. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. Allium schoenoprasum. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana.
and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. < previous page page_101 next page > . an exceedingly long one. Still. Their height eases the task of weeding. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Here. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. feverfew. are superb for displaying potted herbs. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Instead.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. and old barn beams another about the same height. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. a mint. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. Its plant list. its wooden structure long gone. for an old barn foundation of stone. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. developed particularly for study. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. A number of wooden window frames. it is a most satisfying growing situation.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
sweet violet 40.Ranunculus ficaria.Rubia tinctorum. 60.T. praecox subsp. lemon verbena 106. stellerana.A. sweet celandine marjoram 28. pot marigold 25. odoratissimum. 50.Asarum canadense.T. golden lemon thyme 99. beach 47.T. pallasianus.Veronica serpyllifolia.A. pot marjoram bugloss 27. rosemary 82. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. 61.Alchemilla vulgaris. viper's 65.Digitalis purpurea. variegated garden sage 87.Myrrhis odorata. lemon thyme 100. odorous thyme 104. pontica. rose sativa. betony 92. majorana.Satureja montana. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. sweet 41.Tanacetum vulgare var. camphorata.Chelidonium majus. absinthe 51. crispum. mosquito plant 19.S. sweet 53. silver thyme 105. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. sweet cicely 94. arcticus 'Albus'. onites. abrotanum.P.Geranium robertianum.T. thyme 102. graveolens. alpine savory 89. Roman 46.Echium vulgare.Agastache cana. golden thyme 98. basil blue hyssop 15. 42. skirret 90.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.A. Grecian 59.A.Marrubium vulgare. golden marjoram 26.Euphorbia cyparissias. camphor. lemon 52. foxglove 2. yarrow herb Robert 4. 'Purpurascens'.Lychnis coronaria.Artemisia dracunculus var.Calendula officinalis. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. officinalis 'Purpurea'. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. × citriodorus. fern-leaf tansy 95.T 'Argenteus'.A.O. 62. 54. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Pelargonium crispum. basilicum 'Minimum'. catmint 63. rampion 81. purple variegated garden sage 85. 'Clear Gold'. 66. richardii subsp.O. 1.Nepeta mussinii. purple basil English lavender 18.49. 43. southernwood houseleek 12.Stachys officinalis. creeping veronica . woolly thyme 101. 44.Levisticum officinale.Campanula rapunculus.Monarda didyma. calamint valerian 24. southernwood ground cherry 10.Genista tinctoria. 48. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.-John'swort 91.P.O.Althaea officinalis. balm horehound 14. wormwood germander 9.Melissa officinalis. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Plantago major. didyma 'Rosea'.Aloysia triphylla.T.Hypericum perforatum.Achillea millefolium. praecox subsp.Calamintha grandiflora. crimson creeping thyme 96. 55. white creeping thyme 97.S.Agastache foeniculum.T. bee balm lovage 20. dyer's woodruff broom 3. St. rue 83.Viola odorata.Hyssopus officinalis.O. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. rose costmary campion 23.Teucrium chamaedrys.P.Sempervivum tectorum. foxglove cypress spurge 21. caraway thyme 103.O.Pulmonaria officinalis.T.Acinos alpinus.Thymus praecox subsp. apple wormwood geranium 8. basilicum 56.Stachys grandifora 93. winter savory 88.Digitalis lanata.Angelica archangelica.Galium odoratum. golden variegated garden sage 86.Rosmarinus officinalis. herba-barona. bee balm57. tomentosum. French tarragon geranium 7. absinthium.Valeriana officinalis.Sium sisarum. 64.Lavandula angustifolia. garden sage 84. arcticus 'Coccineus'.T. 45. lesser 67.Physalis heterophylla.A. officinalis 'Aurea'.Ruta graveolens. pink 58.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. officinalis 'Tricolor'.M.Campanula persicifolia.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia officinalis. celandine madder 79.Viola tricolor.S.Poterium sanguisorba. nitidus. angelica lemon geranium 5. plantain 80. marsh mallow 13.Chrysanthemum balsamita.
Symphytum officinale. oxeye daisy mullein 36. × gentilis. Madonna lily leucanthemum. suaveolens 'Variegata'. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . chamomile 30.Mentha suaveolens. apple mint 69. garlic 111. Proliferum Group. chicory 70.Chrysanthemum 78.Lilium candidum.Cichorium intybus.V. orach115.Veronica officinalis. chervil 68.Verbascum thapsus.29. 76.A. spearmint 107.Laurus nobilis.Yucca filamentosa.Chamaemelum nobile. pin cherry 39.A. × piperita var. 73.M. evening 77.Isatis tinctoria.Atriplex hortensis. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. wild 116. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. orange mint 32.cepa. red mint comfrey 33.Origanum vulgare. blattaria. spicata. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. veronica 108. ostrowskianum 34. curry plant mullein 35. dyer's woad 110. 71. citrata.Sorbaria sorbifolia. cowslip 72.Helichrysum angustifolium. moth 113.Prunus pensylvanica. 114. feverfew cinerariifolium.Lysimachia vulgaris. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M.Origanum dictamnus.Allium sativum.Anthriscus cerefolium. pineapple mint 31. tree onion 112. yucca 109.Dianthus plumarius 75.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Oenothera biennis.Primula veris.M.M.Chrysanthemum 74.Myrtus communis.
Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Francis. its outline constructed of brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. A wheelshaped bed. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. < previous page page_104 next page > . but not obvious. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. of good proportion for the size of the opening. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. A statue of St. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. not just hiding it. where a selection of planters increases the planting area.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Eleocharis dulcis. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. poet's Solidago californica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. white Justicia carnea. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Vetiveria zizanioides. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. cat Watsonia rosea. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. menthifolia. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. AREA VI japonica. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. lion's-ear prismaticum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. only those not found on other lists are noted here. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. labdanum Cistus crispus. Eriobotrya japonica. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. potato Brassica eruca. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. Cestrum nocturnum. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. loquat Cichorium intybus.
One is a garden of legends. an "old rose" and fragrant. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. scented-leaf geraniums. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. another a Mary garden. < previous page page_106 next page > . Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. is a center of interest. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. emphasizes the circle. The exterior brick path. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. to name a few. but also for proper leaf size. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. or potpourri. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. not only for hardiness where needed. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. and a third a culinary garden.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
The number in each planting area is the key number. flax 17.Calendula officinalis. Angelica archangelica.Galium verum. Viola tricolor. yellow 25. pot 26.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Allium schoenoprasum.Hedera helix. lady's.19.Brassica nigra. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Anethum graveolens. chamomile 3. Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet 21.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12. Johnny-jump.Lamium album. angelica 2. 27.Ornithogalum umbellatum.20. dill 11.Crocus sativus. English thyme 13. saffron crocus marigold 7. Linum usitatissimum. pyrethrum 5.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. blue 18. hyssop rose 9. 1. Hyssopus officinalis. garden up sage 10. English ivy rosemary 8.Ruta graveolens. Artemisia absinthium. Chamaemelum nobile. absinthe 4.Salvia officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum. chive bedstraw 16. costmary 6.Alchemilla vulgaris. spearmint 22.Narcissus mustard 14. rue 28. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . white dead 24.Origanum majorana. black 23.
and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. < previous page page_108 next page > .
bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. Cotinus coggygria. sweet Myrtus communis. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. bay Echeveria × imbricata. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. perennial flax Galium odoratum. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. fastigiata. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. beach Monarda didyma. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. clove Marrubium vulgare. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. blue Lamium maculatum. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. thyme Cnicus benedictus. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. rue Malva alcea var. Myrrhis odorata. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Artemisia absinthium. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Russian 'Prostratus'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.
There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. Appropriately used as accents. simply on a smaller scale. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. features a closed knot of superior design. Viewed from the terrace garden. The generous use of edgings. millstones. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. This is a general rule observed. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. and huge.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. too. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. < previous page page_110 next page > . fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year.
< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. six feet in diameter.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Landscape Architect. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. that of good proportion. The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender 5. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.S. angustifolia 'Munstead'. A.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Routine clipping is required. blue hyssop 3. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 'Tiny Rubies'. and the mulch.Santolina virens. gray santolina 7. germander 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. green santolina 6.L.A.Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden 1. dwarf box . of greater size than is commonly found. has its size dictated by a rule of design. cheddar pink 4.
European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . black haw Prunus americana. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. japonica. box Calycanthus fioridus. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. shadbush Salix caprea. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. box Myrica pensylvanica. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. quince Magnolia virginiana. dogwood Pinus nigra. goat willow Sassafras albidum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. honey locust Cornus florida. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. plum Prunus maritima.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. beach plum Corylus avellana.
Salvia. Rosmarinus. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. praecox subsp. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. Lavandula. herba-barona. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. praecox subsp. arcticus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. its plant material varied. leucotrichus T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. doerfleri T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Annie Hall' T. As a rule. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. silver thyme T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. and a miscellany of others. However. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Doone Valley' . 'Argenteus'. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. Currently. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. caraway thyme T.
anise sage S. English lavender L. crimson creeping thyme T. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia. involucrata. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. heterophylla. golden variegated sage S. dentata. golden thyme T. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. greggii. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. leucantha. autumn sage S. angustifolia subsp. angustissimus. guaranitica. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. 'Clear Gold'. blue sage S. praecox subsp. sweet lavender L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. Mexican bush sage S. arcticus 'Coccineus'. ramie . purple variegated garden sage S. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. golden rosemary R. pine-scented rosemary R.T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. officinalis 'Prostratus' R.
Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
Cheloneglabra. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. for scrubbing pots. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. constructed of brick made on the property. Circumstances determined these priorities. Physostegia virginiana. family needsmedicinal. which were located between the water supply. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Equisetum arvense. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. L. used in salads or boiled. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. to lure bees. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. a well beside the house. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. balmony. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Herniaria glabra. Smith. Prunella vulgaris. Hesperis matronalis. Sium sisarum. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . rupturewort. to sweeten the air. horsetail.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. The apple trees. obedient plant. Primarily. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. culinary. The house.
this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. < previous page page_116 next page > . Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Today. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. while functional. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. too. too. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. for a few are in use now. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Prunus angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa banksiae. wisteria 13. 15.Syringa × persica var.Sambucus canadensis.Ficus carica.Lonicera flava.Pinus taeda. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Laurus nobilis. bay 7. garlic 9.Malus angustifolia. trumpet 11. rosemary 2. southern laciniata.Lagerstroemia indica. Cape jasmine 10.Punica granatum. Gardenia jasminoides. pomegranate 3.Lonicera sempervirens. Banksia rose 14.Wisteria frutescens. yellow 12.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. fig 6. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Allium sativum. 16. 1. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.
At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. too. Italy. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The effect would be quite different without them. Appropriately. < previous page page_118 next page > . They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Pinckneya pubens.Cassia marilandica. dogwood horehound 18.Anethum graveolens.Asarum virginicum.Levisticum officinale. 66. yaupon pink southernwood 12. sativa.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Colchicum autumnale. 43.Calycanthus fioridus. 45.Acorus calamus. peony 51. lovage 35.Rubus allegheniensis. sweet 27. 33. balm autumn crocus 2. dill 39. 30.Gaultheria procumbens. blue 44. blue 46. American holly 16. saffron crocus 25.Crocus sativus. clove 36.Agrimonia eupatoria.Pulmonaria officinalis. rue 56.Tanacetum vulgare. gray santolina witch hazel 11. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. 1. mullein 49.Ilex vomitoria.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. spearmint 62.Ilex opaca. 60. sweet shrub 10.Asclepias tuberosa. agrimony 58. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. great 47.Punica granatum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Lonicera sempervirens. 68.Elizabeth Lawrence.Ocimum basilicum.Verbascum thapsus.Lobelia siphilitica.Galium odoratum.Rosa laevigata. senna woodruff 15.Borago officinalis. borage 31.Mentha spicata.Chimaphila umbellata.Ruta graveolens. tansy 65. 50.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. peppermint 52. 61. 42.Eupatorium perfoliatum. St.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. basil chive 3. lemon 26. pot 48. 54.Populus balsamifera. catnip 34. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Hamamelis virginiana. sweet flag marigold 24.57. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Sassafras albidum.Laurus nobilis.Monarda punctata.Dipsacus sativus. bee balm 28. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Monarda didyma. 37. 70.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 40.Hypericum perforatum.Calendula officinalis. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Cornus florida.Cimicifuga racemosa.Dianthus caryophyllus.Mentha pulegium.Symphytum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia.Marrubium vulgare. horsemint lobelia 23. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. wild ginger69. hyssop sassafras 20. fuller's teasel 67.Hyssopus officinalis. 63. myrtle 53. 55. bay lavender wintergreen 21. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Chamaemelum nobile.Melissa officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. butterfly 32.Artemisia abrotanum. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Armoracia rusticana.Nepeta cataria.Paeonia officinalis. yellow-root 7.Mentha × piperita.Digitalis purpurea. garden sage 59. 38. yarrow lungwort 22. box chamomile 9.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Achillea millefolium. trumpet honeysuckle 4. black 29. sweet 64.Lilium candidum.Buxus sempervirens.Vinca minor. foxglove 41.Lindera benzoin.
Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. This is true for the remedies. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. 1 T. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. In any event. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. < previous page page_120 next page > . the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. preventives. and fragrances they developed. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. of herbs for one loaf of bread.
peppermint 18. sweet marjoram 6.Hyssopus officinalis. English 10.Marrubium vulgare.Nepeta cataria.Mentha spicata. lavender lovage 3.Cydonia oblonga. absinthe 9. horsemint 20. English thyme rosemary 7. 1.Papaver somniferum. Calendula officinalis.Carum carvi. garden sage 8.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Digitalis purpurea. opium poppy 5. black haw 23. blue hyssop 21.Artemisia absinthium.Monarda punctata. spearmint 17. winter savory 4.Lavandula angustifolia.Pyrus communis. foxglove 12.Mentha × piperita.Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 11. caraway 19. quince 24. sweet basil 13. 14. apothecary's rose 22.Satureja montana. pot marigold 2. horehound 15.Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana.Viburnum prunifolium. catnip 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. < previous page page_122 next page > . for example the large square bed with circular path. often it is reconstructed. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and if the best has not always survived. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. The beds are used to achieve balance. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Shaded by hop vines. from early Moravian settlements. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. the other 1761. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. one dated 1759. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. makes it something of a focal point. Some could be used singly. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. centrally located. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and bricks raise the beds. Allowed such freedom of expression. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. Thus it was for this garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. The main paths of brick unify the garden. to study it.
A.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. . Landscape Architect.L.S. Campbell.A.
Saponaria officinalis. dwarf nasturtium 13.Rosa gallica.Chamaemelum nobile.Allium sativum. hop southernwood 39. clary 30. blue 63. horehound 56. 1.Salvia viridis.Mentha spicata.Origanum majorana. clove 53.Lilium candidum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Consolida ambigua.Melissa officinalis. rhubarb 10.Rumex acetosa.Ficus. red pepper 20. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. columbine 29.Lagerstroemia indica. daisy crape myrtle 23.Ocimum basilicum.Nepeta cataria.Anethum graveolens. holy thistle 58.Hydrangea quercifolia. borage 5.Tanacetum vulgare. orach 76.Inula helenium.Colchicum autumnale.Hyssopus officinalis.Clematis virginiana. absinthe 45. Carolina jessamine 38.Narcissus poeticus. grape larkspur 41. 68.Cnicus benedictus.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. sweet 71.Stachys officinalis.Passiflora incarnata. tansy 6. poet's narcissus 61.Artemisia absinthium. blessed thistle 8.Symphytum officinale. spearmint 57. 74.Scabiosa atropurpurea. garden nasturtium 12.Amaranthus caudatus. English thyme 2.Atriplex hortensis.Alcea rosea. marsh mallow 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Cornusflorida. rue 14.Foeniculum vulgare. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. sweet 55. garlic lungwort 36.Nigella sativa. betony 82. asparagus 31.Rheum rhabarbarum. rosemary49.Marrubium vulgare. French rose 18.Petroselinum crispum. fennel marjoram 28.Rosa damascena. caraway 72. damask coriander rose 19.Matthiola incana. English 78. polyanthus narcissus 60.Rosa moschata. sorrel 65. Madonna lily 59. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . lemon 64.Crocus sativus. 52.Allium schoenoprasum.Gelsemium sempervirens.Humulus lupulus. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. 81. blue 69. parsley 32. 80. dill 73. elecampane 11. redbud 24.Coriandrum sativum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Achillea millefolium.Ruta graveolens. love.Artemisia abrotanum.77. 66. eglantine Group.Aquilegia vulgaris. saffron peppermint crocus 35. 62.Chrysanthemum parthenium. autumn crocus 34.Salvia officinalis. annual clary 3. comfrey 33.Tropaeolum minus.Silybum marianum.Magnolia grandiflora.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. stock 50. feverfew southern magnolia 27. virgin's bower 40.Rubia tinctorum. cockscomb 47.Papaver rhoeas. black cumin 46.Cercis canadensis. cabbage angustifolia.Salvia sclarea.Rosa eglanteria. basil moss rose 44.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa roxburghii.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Carum carvi.Dianthus caryophyllus. hollyhock 51.Armoracia rusticana.Vitis.Asparagus officinalis. lavender rose 21. mugwort67.Bellis perennis. lovage 9.Levisticum officinale. madder 16.Althaea officinalis. chamomile 17. 54. hyssop maypop 42.Narcissus tazetta. 48.Rosa centifolia. yarrow 4.Artemisia vulgaris. balm chive 37. chestnut rose 43. corn poppy 79.Borago officinalis. garden sage 15.Tropaeolum majus. catnip 70.Celosia cristata.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. This space was never adequate. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Calluna (heather). What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. the western. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. and the north point is established. First. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Thus. A ravine and existing. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. The lesser the scale. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. The next most desirable exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Usually this is least desirable. even boggy. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . it is proper to make a trial run. far from the house. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Although some observations may seem obvious.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action.
another is close to the rear of the house. and the search did not take long. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. Then. The general outline is similar. Indeed. a driveway on still another. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. all four sides are so determined.ground where drainage is better. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. single bed. as the drawing on p. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The outline is fixed. The. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. There is the housegarage structure on one side. 127 indicates. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The new herb garden has been located. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. < previous page page_126 next page > . and the property line on the last. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. certainly not precisely the same. It was a pleasurable assignment. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. but it need not be identical. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p.
the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. Two drawings were required to work out problems. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. then north. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. There was no . and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. If. forming the outer boundary of the service path. something is amiss. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. this low wall will enclose the garden area. If all is well. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. In addition. In fact. as in this case. With the plan established.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
this was. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In the earlier stage of planning. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. not one completed in a weekend. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. eight. A structural edging was in order.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. In this case. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. however. However. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. the eight-foot length was more practical. However. In this area. Before edgings could be put in place. At corners. admittedly. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. a lapped joint was fashioned. . the site required some leveling. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. and the finished edging would be effective.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. A choice of five colors was available. but there are exits to different levels. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. sand. The pattern is running bond. Aged compost. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. selected for its simplicity. this same base underlies all the paths. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. This method of treatment now guarantees . using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Paving for the terraced area is brick. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. One is the ramp to the driveway. had been proof of that. filling the beds with soil was next. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Weeds. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. for they will likely have more traffic. Heavy black plastic. Unfortunately. leaves. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. The latter need to be more substantially paved. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. could serve this purpose. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial.
All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. on a trial run of one course of brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. worth the added cost. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. However. even bed for the pavers. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look.
The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. With the completion of the paths. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. and the steps to other levels." their construction can be somewhat varied. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. Sometimes called "rubble drains. . learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. Herbs have flourished in the beds. the terraced area. converging where it was logical to do so.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. for it would interfere with the drainage system. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. French drains. In this instance.
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being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. often a wall or trellis. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. for example. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. and so on. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. albula. Its arrow points north and. hundredths of an inch. in inches. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. for example. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. a garden plan. casts the shadow for the hour. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. and so on. having a variety of gradations. is symmetrical. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. twelfths of an inch. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. sixteenths of an inch. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. in tenths of an inch. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . E EllipseAn oval.
and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. heated especially by fermenting manure. turf. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds.3. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. M ManufactoryA factory. or colored earths. Pea gravelSmall. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. GrindstoneMillstone. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . a flat. rounded fragments of rock. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. G GazeboA freestanding. its compartments filled with flowers. Preferred by those who strive for neatness.brick) in the same course. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species.3). MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. roofed structure usually open on the sides. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. also called rubble drain. a patterned garden. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Usually a few inches thick. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. ForthrightA straight course or path. loose.
Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. a < previous page page_131 next page > .rafters.
often planted with aromatic herbs. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. snug fit for walks. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. cutting. called also a hose cock. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Turf seatBanked-up earth. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. < previous page page_132 next page > . turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. or steps. W Wall. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. R Rose. Stone. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. ranking between species and variety. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. TreillageLatticework for vines. walls. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. not treelike or with a single trunk. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. V VarietyA category below species.
Fox. Darrah. 1972. New York: E. Earle. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Garden Design. and Accessories. London: Saturn Press. Crowe. London: Country Life. Bailey Hortorium. New York: Macmillan. Daniel J. S. Rosemary F. 1966. Hanging Plants for Home. . New York: Macmillan. Agnes. 1971. Putnam's Sons.C. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Behme. 1973. 14701670. Dutton & Co. Herbs and the Earth. Gertrude B. 1911. and Louden. Seal. Brownlow. Berrall. Sydney: B. Park's Success with Herbs. London: Marshall Cavendish. New York: Dover. Liberty Hyde. 1980. New York: Macmillan. New York. H.. Frances A.: Buckeye Printing Co. T. Foley. Gertrude B. and Garden. ed. Margaret E. 1982. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sylvia. Herbsfor Every Garden. Complements. Jot. 1963. Terrace. British Plants. John. New York: Macmillan. 1961.: Geo. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1944. 1962. Prof. P. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Foster. Herbals. L. How Plants Get Their Names. Baumgardt. John E. Harriet Ballard. 1966. Coats. Staff of. New York: Viking Press. 1972. Bailey. Mo. Greenwood. Robert Lee. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1951. 1980. Edlin. The Herb Garden. Park Seed Co. The Cultivated Basils. Kent: The Herb Farm. Flannery. Cross. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. London. Rosetta E. New York: Crown Publishers. H. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1942. 1938. 1902. Alice Morse. 1958. L. 1977. Helen Morgenthau. New York: Hawthorne Books. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Sevenoaks. Batsford. London: Adam and Charles Black. . The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Doran & Co. 1979. Carpenter. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Independence. Bardswell. W. 1957. Erichsen-Brown. Clarkson. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms.. Brookes. Charlotte. Peter. The Small Garden. New York: G. Garden City: Doubleday. . Henry. 1971. London: Macmillan. Beston. Helen H. 1935. Roses. Aurora.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. John Philip. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Julia S. Hortus Third. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Toronto. 1976. Green Enchantment. P. 1933. 1970. Room Outside. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. New York: Viking Press... 1951. Foster. New York: Simon and Schuster. Book of the Geranium.. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany.
1983. 1938. Eleanour Sinclair. New York: Macmillan. Mrs. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. C. New York: William Morrow and Co. Modern Herbal. 1959. Dorothy Bovee. 1971. Potter. 1981. New York: E. New York: Clarkson N. New York: Harper & Bros. Boston. New York: Dover. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Landscaping with Vines. Helen K. Rosengarten. Eigel. 1911. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. London: George Routledge & Sons. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs.. Lawrence. Norma Jean.C.. 1976. Claire. Hamel. Loewenfeld. Claire. Italy. Toronto: Little. Grieve. and Brunello. chemist. Elizabeth. Vicenza. How to Select. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.. Loewenfeld. 1979.: Herald Publishing Co. Mass. and Synge.. 2d ed. Jones. 1969. Herbs. A Garden of Herbs. P. Boston.Garland. Frances. 1969. Vegetable Dyeing. Johnson. 1966. 1961. Frederic. Amy Bess. Brown & Co. New York: Dover. Hendrickson. M. Dutton & Co. 1976. New York: Doubleday. Rev. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. New York: De La Mare. 1975. Adelma G. and Back. Patrick M. ed. 1982.. Neri. Philippa. Books. and Alma L. 1970. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Ann. London: Faber and Faber. Mary U... Roses of the World in Color. 1973. Harold N. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. A. Sylva. Franco. Flowers of the Field. Sarah. Pa. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Lerner. Ireys. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Miller. Moldenke. Wynnewood.: Chronica Botanica Co. The Book of Spices. 1975. Loyal R. and Rice. Roy. Plants of the Bible. The Art of Dyeing.. Hay.. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1972.. 1974. Walter. Tucson: H. Bernard Hickey. 1978. 1974. New York: Macmillan. Grow and Enjoy. 1951. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. The Berry Book. New York: Macmillan. 1971. McFarland. and Chiltoskey. Lesch. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.) Rohde. The Herb Garden. Simmons. Co. M. Alice Recknagel. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Johns. Gardens in Winter. J. Shaker Herbs. N. Waltham. < previous page page_133 next page > . Paul B. 1952. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Howard. 1981. Kiaer. Muenscher. Jr. Alma. Cherokee Plants. Krauss.: Livingston Pub. 1970. George H. Lathrop. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Leighton.. Lawrence. Pozza. New York: Crown Publishers. Myron. . P. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Horace. Early American Gardens. Division Billboard Publications. New York: Van Nostrand. 1964. (1st American edition trans. Carol. A Biblical Garden. 1946. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Robert. New York: William Morrow & Co. New York: Viking Press.
William T.A. and Bell. Cozart. Bush. Mrs.. Maxton Davies.A. 1962. Raymond V. Hammond Crawford.. Revised by Dr. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Mrs. Benjamin McF. Mrs. New York: Farrar. . 1976. ed. Bynam. 1961. Paxton. Nelva M. Helen Van Pelt. Graham. Stearn. Wilson. C. Mrs. Mrs.. William C. 1931. L. Robert G. Martin. Baker.L. Bradner. 1972. Rhoda Specht. and Mrs.A. L.. Amy Bess Miller. Climbing Roses Old and New. A.. Smith. F. James D. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. T. William Radler. 1982. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Berkeley Brandt. Building Stone Walls. Herbert G. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The History of Gardens.R. Malcolm.A. Hines. Jo Lohmolder.A. Elisabeth W.. Campbell. Container Gardening Outdoors.. A.A. Moffit. Mrs. Straus. Fragrance in the Garden. Esther. L. Barbara Capen. A. New York: Doubleday. L. John Poinier. Jr. Michael. Linda. George T. Susan W. John Ormsbee.A. William T.A. Mrs. Mrs. L. Jr.. Weber. L.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. A. Diane C. New York: St. Mrs. Margaret Osborn Holt.A.A. Singleton.. Martha Dahlen. Tarantino. 1942.S. 1979. Leonie.A. 1976. New ed. Martin's. W.A. Sandy Hicks. McGarry. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Jr.. 1966.. Louise Beebe. Taylor. Z. Wilder. Peter M.A. . Mrs. London: Phoenix House. Bleecker..: Garden Way.L. . Graham Stuart. Norman. New York: McGraw-Hill. Mrs. Mrs. Melissa R. Mrs.S. Associate. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Charles Patch. 1979. New York: Simon & Schuster. Henry Gund. Winthrop G. 1957. Rev. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Marshall. 1974. and Robert B. Boston: Ralph T. 1972. Katherine S. Mrs. Madalene Hill. New York. Landscape Architecture. L. Small Gardens Are More Fun. New York: William Morrow & Co. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. L. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. New York: St. Toronto: Van Nostrand. William W. Herbs in the Garden. L. Taloumis. Stuart. The Fragrant Garden.. 1979.The Old Shrub Roses. Gannaway. L. Neil Hamill Park. A. Mrs. L. Frank M. Ingersoll. Leonard Dreyfuss. Mrs.. Morss.A.. Webster. Virginia B. White. Indianapolis. 1967. Philip Batchelder. Zohary. Mrs.. Lamm. Plimpton.. Alfred L. Mrs. 1972. The Fragrant Year. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.. Mrs. Shrub Roses of Today. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Meyer. Mrs. Sherry D. W T. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape.D...S. Vera Breed. L.. Hale & Co. Vivian.A. Mr. Robert K. Keebler. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Pees. Price. Elizabeth Lawrence. Vt. New York: Dover. The Shakespeare Garden. New York: Hafner.. William Y Dear. Mrs. Marion E. Charles L. Charlotte. 1975. Plants of the Bible. L. London: Phoenix House. John. Bates. New York: Simon & Schuster. Thacker. Mrs. Yang.A. Donald Paxton. ed. . Stearn. New York. Mrs. Giroux. James C. Mrs. Austin R. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Martin's Press. Christopher. 1953. H. New York: William Farquhar Payson. 1953. Griffin. Botanical Latin.A. Jack Emil Geist.L. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Thomas. Boerner.. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. George. L. 1965.A. Helen Noyes.
Faith H. < previous page page_134 next page > . Hancock Shaker Village. Milton C. Semple. and Mrs. Tullie Smith House Restoration. University of Michigan. Bailey. Mrs. Lansing. Mrs. Atlanta. Mich. Isadore L.A. Michigan State University. Mrs... Inc. The following provided historical. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Linda Yang. Mrs. Eloise andJo Ray.A. Old Salem. G. Frederick E.Rady. Boerner Botanical Gardens. R. Roberts. Hales Corners. Walter Rebmann. Wisc. Ark. Atlanta Historical Society. Harper... James F. Weeks Brick House. Joan E. Mrs... Helen M. Gayle. Wilcox. Milton Stricker.. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.H. Inc. Mrs. Linda Yang. Ann Arbor. L. Joe H. Nathan Sameth.. Plain Dealer Photo. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Whitman.I. John A. N. Jean Ruh. Mass. Architect. Mich. Derthick. L. L. The Country Doctor Museum. N. Eric Duke Scott. Talbot III. Mrs. Skinner. Mrs. Ohio. Edmund G. civic. Elbert Smith. Little Rock. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Christopher Rady.. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland... Mr. Mrs. Christopher Spencer. Greenland. Smith (Ann Leighton). Cleveland. Mansfield. N. Lawrence Schetky. Timothy Procter Ruh.A. Ohio. L. Rose.. James S. Old Slater Mill Museum. Matthew Miksch House. Western Reserve Herb Society. Winston-Salem.A. Booker Worthen. Kingwood Center. Kathleen Byroads Sowers..C. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Pawtucket. Shaker Community.. Swanson.C. Ga. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. L.. Hancock.
A. C. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. E. A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Myrrhis odorata. Narcissus triandrus. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. officinalis. A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. azoricum. Y smalliana Agrimonia. barbadensis A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. maritima L. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa.
Lamium album Viburnum. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. officinalis. acerifolium. grandiflorus Melissa M. Monarda didyma Crataegus. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. F. S. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. laevis Rhododendron . esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. G. ludoviciana var. lycopersicum. podagraria Asparagus A. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. M. P. officinalis Populus. Solanum aculeatissimum S. V. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. false Galium aristatum. V. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. melongena var.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. P. albula A. schmidtiana 'Nana' A.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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coronaria . M. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. angustifolia. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. oleracea. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris A. P. deltoides Campsis radicans. Mertensia virginica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. chrysantha Symphytum S. B. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A.
asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . B. maculatum G. sativum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. B. ioensis Vaccinium. M. V. Italian D Daffodil M. pseudonarcissus miniature N. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. C. verna. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. angustifolia.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. macrocarpon. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. coronaria. alpinum R. M. V. N. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. alpinum R.
crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. H. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Ferocactus latispinus. obtusifolius R. C. Sansevieria. D. A. R.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. crispus. Hosta H. obtusifolius Rumex R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. rivieri. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. lilioasphodelus H. frutescens C. x superbum Hemerocallis. A. T officinale Bellis. triphyllum . lilioasphodelus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. R. acetosa.
ragusina. Lychnis coronaria. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Senecio cineraria. Centaurea cineraria. C. Helichrysum. N. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. N. damascena. C. S.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. arvensis. Gnaphalium. gymnocarpa. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Antennaria. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. N. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. pungens Sambucus S. azoricum Nigella. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. perenne . carica F. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. L. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum.× germanica I. Osmunda. carica Corylus C. versicolor. regalis Adiantum. P. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. usitatissimum L. A. O. I.
sphaerocephalum A. quercifolium P. scorodoprasum A. purpurea D. P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. grossularioides P radens P. lutea Allium sativum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × germanica Myosotis M. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. I. × hortorum P. Fumaria C. tuberosum A. Pelargonium. neapolitanum A. sativum var. lanata D. sylvatica Digitalis D. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × limoneum P. odoratissimum P.
abrotanifolium P. A. × jatrophifolium P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. canadense. scabrum P graveolens P. quercifolium P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. T. T.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. Z. pratensis . A. capitatum P. denticulatum P. chamaedrys T. officinale Z. crispum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. graveolens P. × nervosum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. glutinosum. × citrosum P. tomentosum P. canadense T. Tragopogon. P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. tomentosum P.
Vitis monticola. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. torquata E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. nervosa V. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. V. C. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. M. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Oxalis deppei.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed.
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. L. C. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. triacanthos G. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Pulmonaria . majalis Liriope. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Lythrum. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. W. Ophiopogon L. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. G. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium.
sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. Malva. erecta T. C. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. grandiflora M. erecta T.blue M Mace. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. A. lucida . holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. alcea var. pedatum Hibiscus. M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. erecta T. Malva. patula Calendula officinalis T. tenuifolia T.
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majorana O. O. requienii M. citrata M. vulgare O. citrata M. S. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. aquatica var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. Spiraea alba. citrata M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . × piperita var. major. Astrantia. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. R. vulgare 'Aureum' O. citrata. vulgare O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. onites O. majorana O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. suaveolens M. dictamnus O. A. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. × piperita var. crispii M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium.
red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. thapsus V. communis. alba Verbascum. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. vulgaris A. Myrtus. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Umbellularia californica. × gentilis M. Azolla caroliniana. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. A. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. rubra M. lactiflora Morus M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. V. Myrrhis odorata. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. olympicum. V. M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp.
opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N. nudum. tazetta Tropaeolum T. L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. majus T. minus T. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. album L. P. V. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. V. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago.
Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. cepa. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. C. fistulosum A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. vulgare var.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. fistulosum Atriplex. Proliferum Group A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . cepa A. Scilla verna. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. florentina. fragrans O. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. S. cepa. telephium Iris × germanica var. A. O. Castilleja californica. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. hortensis A. fragrans Allium. I.
× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. A. pulsatilla Passiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. neopolitanum Pastinaca. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. P. crispum var. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. crispum P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. lactiflora P lactiflora P. patens. A. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana.
annuum. Grossum Group C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Chenopodium. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Longum Group C. Longum Group Capsicum. A. annuum. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. P frutescens Catharanthus. paniculata P. album Ranunculus ficaria . roseus C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. frutescens C. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. C. annuum. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. Marsilea Perilla. Piper C. retroflexus. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. C. annuum. annuum. C. annuum.
P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. officinalis Dianthus D. caryophyllus D. Prunus japonica. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. taeda Chimaphila. plumarius. Plantago P. americana . M. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. umbellata var. P salicina P angustifolia. watsonii P maritima P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. alpinus D. nigra P strobus P taeda P. C. C. taeda P. angustifolia var. umbellata var. gratianopolitanus D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. × paradisiaca. Silene laciniata. plumarius D. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P.
P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. L. Liriodendron tulipifera P. 0.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. biennis P. balsamifera P. rhoeas P. E. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. S. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgare Lithospermum. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus.
canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. P.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. rhabarbarum R. Hesperis . R. C. A. Diplotaxis. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pepo Portulaca. C. canadensis C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. pepo C. coccineum C.
banksiae R. laevigata R. × harisonii R. sativa Rosa R. damascena R. spinosissima R. × borboniana R. canina R. × borboniana R. R. × borboniana Kerria. canina.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. moschata . damascena 'Bifera' R. gallica R. Rubus coronarius R. centifolia R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. chinensis 'Minima' R. Rosa chinensis R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica 'Officinalis' R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R.
polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. S. sclarea S. pitcheri S. angustissimus R. microphylla S. Rosmarinus. R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. Salvia hierosolymitana . damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. caerula. setigera R. × rehderana R. rugosa R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis S. azurea subsp. guaranitica S. greggii S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. officinalis Limonium R. clevelandii S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis.
maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. virens. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. S. guaranitica S. chamaecyparissus S. Salicornia. S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. chamaecyparissus S. hebecarpa. elegans S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. neapolitana S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. montana Scabiosa S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. leucophylla S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. A. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. marilandica Amelanchier . atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. leucantha S. viridis S. P. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. T. C. S. maritimum E.
Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. biflorum . C. americana. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. G. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. nivalis Lamium album. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. P. coggygria C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. V. coggygria. coggygria Cotinus.
Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. crassipes O. S. O. japonica Sorbaria. H. patulum. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. H. Ornithogalum arabicum. V. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. officinalis thyme-leaved V. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. scutatus R. O. E. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. pyrenaicum. R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. L. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. acetosa.
pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. T vulgare T. floridus Philadelphus . incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. M. incana M. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. C. vulgare var. perennis. chiloensis F. vulgare var. O. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. incana M. crispum T. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vesca F. dracunculus var. O. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vesca F. sativa Amaranthus caudatus.
benedictus. arcticus T. A. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. pallasianus T. 'Argenteus' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. T. E. phaenopyrum C. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. C. laevigata Eupatorium. 'Broad-leaf English' T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. marianum S. × citriodorus T. 'Clear Gold' T. Silybum marianum S. praecox subsp. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. maritima Thymus. praecox T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. marianum S. sylvestris D. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.
krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. L. lycopersicum var. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. sanctum O. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. sanctum Tulipa T. pruinosa. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. noli-tangere. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. P. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. C. alata Lycopersicon. I. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Physalis peruviana L.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. cerasiforme. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Coreopsis Linaria. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . peruviana P. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum L. P.
C. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. P. V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. C. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. caeruleum Clematis. odorata V. odorata V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. officinalis Polemonium. Chimaphila. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. caprea . canina. cornuta 'Alba' V. cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V.
pontica. annua A. Corydalis sempervirens A. gmelinii A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Gaultheria procumbens. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. verticillata Chimaphila. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. absinthium A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Vanilla barbellata A. ambrosioides Artemisia. I. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. S. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. W. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. camphorata A. frigida A. caprea. nudum Isatis I. V. Stachys .
vomitoria I. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. × media 'Hicksii' T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. millefolium A. ageratum A. filipendulina A. I. lutea. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. tomentosa Ilex cassine. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. C. simplicissima Cladrastis. X. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T.
calamus Adiantum A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. h.. alpinus Aconitum A. lion's tail anise hyssop. five-finger f. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. cana A. taygetea A. maidenhair American maidenhair. sanguinary. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. pedatum Agastache A. butter-print. ageratum A. thousand-seal. breviflora A.. fennel g. fragrant g. foeniculum Agave A. yarrow sneezeweed.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. Indian mallow. calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow China jute. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A.. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . theophrasti Acacia A. monkshood helmut flower. maidenhair fern. nose-bleed. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. napellus Acorus A. monkshood flowering maple. fourcroydes sweet flag. longifolia Achillea A. parlor m. blue giant hyssop. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. millefolium A. h. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.
ostrowskianum A. Rosenbachianum A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. senescens var. fistulosum A. flavum A. moly A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. serpent garlic chive. two-bladed o. christophii A. purple c. cocklebur.. lily leek daffodil garlic. vulgaris Allium A. flowering o. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. karataviense A. alpina A. ophioscorodon A. Japanese bunching o. Spanish o. neapolitanum A. sativum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. ciboule. garlic rocambole. schoenoprasum A. hemp plant agrimony.. sativum var.. sisal hemp.. reptans Alcea A. giganteum A.A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. sisalana Agrimonia A. rosea Alchemilla A. schnittlauch giant garlic . Pulchellum A. scorodoprasum A. cive. tree o. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. githago Ajuga A.
. hupehensis var. archangel.. Barbados a. officinarum Anchusa A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. sphaerocephalum A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow.glaucum A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. triphylla Althaea A. tuberosum Aloe A. cerefolium chervil angelica. shadbush. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. japonica A. barbadensis Aloysia A. bugloss alkanet. Oriental garlic . tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinalis Amaranthus A. white m. canadensis Amsonia A. pulsatilla Anethum A. officinalis Anemone A. garlic c. caudatus Amelanchier A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. Curasao a.. shad. bugloss windflower. juneberry. marschalliana A. medicinal a. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. blanda A.
graveolens var. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. alpina 'Alba' A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.Apium A. chrysantha A. graveolens A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry.
annua A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . creashak green-dragon. stewardsonii Armeria A. albula A. red cole sagebrush. rusticana Artemisia A. triphyllum A. arborescens A. gmelinii A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. mugwort. virginicum bearberry. camphorata A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. Ludoviciana var. old man southernwood absinthe. hog cranberry. frigida A. sandberry. wormwood southernwood. lactiflora A. dracunculus var. asarabacca wild ginger. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. bear's grape. kinnikinick. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. maritima Armoracia A. triphyllum subsp. mealberry. dracontium A. sea pink thrift. pink or white horseradish. sativa A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. europaeum A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. canadense A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. mountain box. pontica A.
s. c. butterfly flower butterfly weed. mustard . orach sea orach. tinctoria Barbarea B. tuberroot. B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. c.. Chinese silk plant.. mountain spinach false indigo. ruby s. plains f.Asclepias A. jaundice berry. silkweed. cool-tankard cole. pleurisy root. rattleweed winter cress. talewort. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. c. hortensis B Baptista B. vulgaris. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. c. officinalis Astrantia A. halimus A. upland cress winter cress. vulgaris Bellis B. China grass borage borage. s. garden o. yellow r. vulgaris Beta milkweed. tuberosa Asparagus A. piprage beet swiss chard. wild indigo. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. perennis Berberis B. wild indigo blue false indigo. major Atriplex A. wild blue i. ruby s. nivea Borago B. i. australis B. rocket. papyrifera Boehmeria B. saltbush orach.
pineapple s. eruca B. grandiflora Calendula C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale..B. koreana B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. microphylla var. microphylla 'Nana' B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . sempervirens B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. strawberry s. officinalis Calycanthus C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. carpatica C. white-flowered k.. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B.
persicifolia C. o.. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper.C. green p. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. pimento sweet pepper s. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. s.. p.. p. p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. p. o. green p. p. sweet pepper. p. C. o. trumpet flower. o. p. chili p. p. trumpet vine. o. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. cow-itch. o. red p. bell p. s. s. rapunculus Campsis C..
old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud.. chili p.. Madagascar periwinkle. false saffron. Tabasco-sauce p. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. carvi Carya C. tinctorius Carum C. red p.. deodara Celosia C.. majus Chelone cayenne p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. ovata Cassia C. canariensis Cedrus C. Tabasco p. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. senna. Russian c. shellbark h. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. bastard s. frutescens Carthamus C. marilandica Catharanthus C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. cristata Cercis C. snakehead .. nobile Chelidonium C.. capsicum p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. garden c. illinoinensis C. celandine celandine turtlehead.
feather geranium. balsamita C. intybus Cimicifuga C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. mint geranium. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. cinerariifolium C. Chinese dwarf 1. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. glabra Chenopodium C. virgin's bower.. umbellata Chionanthus C.. wormseed. Dalmatia p. pyrethum. Robert Brydon' C. ambrosioides C.. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.. red-leaved chicory bugbane. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. crispus C.C. devil's-darning- . botrys Chimaphila C. wintergreen. Meyer 1. lutea Clematis C. Spanish t. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. American w. × superbum Cichorium C. rattletop black cohosh. coccineum C. wax flower. parthenium C. old-man's-beard costmary. leather flower. barbe-de-capuchin. leucanthemum C. fat hen ambrosia. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. ladanifer Citrus C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. frutescens C. pigweed Mexican tea. dwarf 1. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. bonus-henricus C. leather flower. virginiana balmony goosefoot. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. racemosa Cistus C. alecost pyrethrum. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. virgilia virgin's bower.
ambigua C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. peregrina Consolida C. benedictus Coix C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. trifolia Coreopsis C. smokebush. majalis Convolvulus C. quick-set. Venetian sumac. thorn apple. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. laevigata C. cneorum Coptis C. autumnale Comptonia C. smokebush smoke tree. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn.. smoke plant. arkansana C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . thorn. apiculatus Crataegus C. sativum Cornus C. avellana Cotinus C. florida Corylus C.needle Cnicus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. Chinese parsley dogwood. orientalis Convallaria C. red haw hawthorn English h.
sieberi C. sativus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. angustifolius C. oblonga Cymbopogon C.C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. citratus Cytisus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. sempervirens Cydonia C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. maritimum Crocus C. kotschyanus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C.. × allwoodii D. scoparius C. speciosus C. gracilis Dianthus D. West Indian 1.
gas plant. lanata D. sativus D. grandiflora D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. pardalianches E Echeveria E. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . burning bush. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. spectabilis Dictamnus D. sylvestris Doronicum D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. carnation. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D.
plum eryngo sea holly. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. japonica Eryngium E. Japanese medlar. ironbark. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. epimedium barrenwort. californica Eucalyptus E.E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. J. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. Australian gum. poppy eucalypt. sea eryngo California poppy C. arvense E. b.. rugosum v. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. gum tree. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. dulcis Endymion E. viridis Epimedium E. torquata Euonymus E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. sea holm. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. blueweed. hyemale Eranthis E. perfoliatum E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. vulgare Elaeagnus E. S. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. jacinth. pungens Eleocharis E. maritimum Eschscholzia E.
imperialis Fumaria F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. vulgare var. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vulgare F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. cyparissias F Ferula F. assafoetida Ficus F.Euphorbia E. major Fragaria F.s. vulgare subsp. a. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. a. vulgare F. finocchio.s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. ulmaria F. alpine s.s. sow-teat s. chiloensis F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. a.
jasminoides Gaultheria G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. teaberry. Carolina yellow j. mountain tea. mock p. false baby's-breath woodruff. hederacea Gleditsia G. maculatum G.. hexapetala G Galanthus G. dyer's greenweed. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. germanica G. cleavers white bedstraw. triacanthos Gossypium G. verum Gardenia G. tinctoria Geranium G. field balm. vernalis H. woodroof yellow bedstraw. pulegioides American pennyroyal.. virginiana Hedeoma H.. sweet w. Carolina jasmine G. odoratum G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground... woodwaxen. red Robin . Capejasmine wintergreen. spotted c. runaway robin. honey locust. ground ivy. checkerberry. robertianum Glechoma G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. nivalis Galium G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. wild c.F. alumroot herb Robert. our-lady's-b. gardenia. mollugo G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H.
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cannabinus H. Deckaner h. glabra Hesperis H... sweet r. Hawaiian h.. niger H. matronalis Hibiscus H. rose m.. giant m. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. garland 1. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. angustifolium H. mallow. Deccan h. bimlipatum j. × luteola Herniaria H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. lilioasphodelus H.. China rose. hibiscus kenaf.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. corsicus H. curry plant false licorice. rose-of-China. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. Indian hemp. bastard jute. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. licorice plant heliotrope. lemon d. blacking plant plantain lily. flavescens Helenium H. daylily . foetidus H.. arborescens Helleborus H. Chinese hibiscus. bimli j. atrorubens H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. turnsole heliotrope. lividus subsp..
Burford's holly Japanese holly. horned h. rose h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. asiatica Hypericum H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. navelwort gotu kola St. quercifolia Hydrastis H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. box-leaved h. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. patulum 'Sungold' H. I. . box-leaved h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. perforatum Hyssopus H. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.-John's-wort St. European h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. lupulus Hydrangea H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. orangeroot. white h.H.-John's-wort St. crenata var.
Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. yellow flag. snapweed. tinctoria Ixia I. glabra I. crested dwarf i. 'Great Lakes' I. woad dyer's woad. J. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. helenium Ipomoea I. vomitoria 'Nana' I.. tinctoria Inula I. × germanica var. alba Iris I. wilsonii Impatiens I. jewelweed.. crested i. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. horizontalis creeping j. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. cristata I. chinensis var. touch-me-not jewelweed. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. capensis Indigofera I.. spotted t. virginiana red cedar jasmine.I. pseudacorus Isatis I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. florentina I. opaca I. African corn lily corn lily orris. officinale Juniperus J. water f. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . maculata J Jasminum J.
d. flamingo p. plume flower. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.. maculatum L. plume plant. indica Lamium L. sweet bay laurel. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. dentata var. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. white d.. angustifolia subsp. dumb nettle. dentata L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . nobilis Lavandula L. album L. paradise p. bay. n.. n.Justicia water willow J.. angustifolia L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. carnea Brazilian-plume. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
summer s. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. perenne L. pepperwort. blue cardinal flower .< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. marsh rosemary. officinale Ligustrum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. statice statice toadflax spicebush. chalcedonicum Limonium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. lovage privet. aestivum Levisticum L. muscari Lobelia L. sativum Leucojum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. benzoin Linum L. candidum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. hedge plant privet..
satin flower honesty. virginiana sweet alyssum. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. sempervirens Lunaria L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. silver-dollar. lycopersicum var. europaeus Lysimachia L. gypsywort. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. flava L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. catchfly mullein pink.L. coronaria L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M.. stellata M. moonwort. grandiflora M. lycopersicum var. coronaria 'Alba' L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. honesty. annua Lychnis L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. money plant. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . maritima L. coral h. cordata Magnolia M. vulgaris Lythrum L. campion. penny f. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia.
bluebells. fastigiata Marrubium M. holly g. hupehensis Malva M.. b. apple m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. bergamot m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. aquatica M. vulgare Matthiola M. Virginia b. pineapple m.. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. × gentilis M.. holly mahonia. blue barberry apple. bee b. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M... horsemint . wild crab crab apple crab mallow.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. curly m.Mahonia M. officinalis Mentha M. musk m. mountain g. requienii M. cowslip. lemon m. Scotch m. lungwort bluebells. white h. × piperita var. 'Guiding Star' M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. angustifolia M. longifolia M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple.. American crab. × piperita M. pulegium M. Brampton stock. menthella. incana Melissa M. citrata M. gillyflower. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. incanum M. Virginia c. Oregon g.. sweet b. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. imperial stock balm lemon b. alcea var. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m.. stock stock. holly barberry. pennyroyal Corsican m.
Manila hemp forget-me-not. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . banana abaca. sylvatica Myrica M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. b. pink b. Swedish m. red m. menthifolia M.. Oswego tea. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. citriodora M.M. fistulosa var. odorata Myrtus M. Greek myrtle. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. textilis Myosotis M. punctata Montia M. winter purslane. white b. fistulosa M. American m. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. anise. myrrh. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sweet cicely. b. white bee balm pink b. b. candleberry. swamp c.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
pasture b. hackmatack. maritima P.Poncirus P. pensylvanica P. aspen. Americana P. brake bracken. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. five-finger shrubby c. nepalensis P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . angustifolia P.. balsam p. cowslip self-heal self-heal.. sand p. elatior P. vulgaris Prunus P. tacamahac cinquefoil. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. Jerusalem sage.. veris Prunella P. brake. hardy orange poplar. heal-all. trifoliata Populus P. domestica P. golden hardhack. widdy shrubby c. all-heal salad burnet. sieboldii 'Alba' P. lungwort blue 1. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. hog-pasture b. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. granatum Pyrus P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. persica Pteridium P.
York-and-Lancaster r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. typhina Ribes R.. eglanteria R. dog r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. brier r. crowfoot lesser celandine. moss r. rose. dyer's rocket rhubarb. brier Banksia r. gooseberry alpine c.. dog b. garden c. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. gallica damask r. chinensis 'Minima' R. pilewort mignonette weld. 'Cinderella' R. purshiana Rheum R. moss r.. pygmy r.. garden r. stellata R Ranunculus R. cabbage r. × borboniana R. luteola Rhamnus R. mountain c. autumn damask r. red currant. sativum Rosa R. China r. . alpinum R. sweetbrier French r. canina R. small c.Quercus Q. eglantine. Bourbon r.. banksiae R. pie plant. fairy r. ficaria Reseda R.
spinosissima R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. chestnut r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. musk r. prostrate rosemary. bitter d. chinquapin r. rosemary white r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Cherokee r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. hirta Rumex R. French sorrel rue . golden p. wichuraiana R. burnet r. 'Schneezwerg' R.'Officinalis' R. Japanese r. laevigata R. prairie r. Harison's yellow r. moschata R. garden sorrel broad dock. tinctorum Rubus R. climbing r. polyantha r. roxburghii R. Scotch r. × rehderana R. × harisonii R... madder bramble blackberry. acetosa R. climbing r. setigera R. angustissimus R. obtusifolius R. r. sorrel. rugosa R. rosemary pine-scented r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. Turkestan r.. snowdwarf memorial r.. dock s.
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ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. sclarea S. greggii S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. viridis Sambucus S. s. Mexican bush s. caprea Salvia S. purple g. guaranitica S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. elegans S. leucantha S. American e. caerula S. gray sage. leucophylla S. microphylla S. purple variegated garden s. garden s. bloodroot red puccoon. pussy willow sage. involucrata S. s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. canadensis willow. golden g. bloodroot rue . elderberry American e. variegated garden s. clary annual clary elder. osier goat willow. clevelandii S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. argentea S.
tectorum Silybum S.. neapolitana S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. jasminoides S. blessed t. melongena var. hen-and-chickens. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. skirret potato vine eggplant. live-forever houseleek. virens Saponaria S. albidum Satureja S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. St. milk t. marianum Sium S. mourning-bride stonecrop. sweet s. hortensis S. mad apple .. devil's tongue. hemp plant snake plant.. telephium Sempervivum S. sisarum Solanum S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. pincushion flower pincushions. roof h. good-luck plant. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. trifasciata Santolina S. atropurpurea Sedum S. live-forever houseleek. morganianum S.. officinalis Sassafras S. pinnata S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. lucky plant. Mary's t. canadensis Sansevieria S.Sanguisorba S.
lutea Stokesia S. laciniata Persian lilac S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. grandiflora S. byzantina S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. big m. officinale S. hedge nettle. × persica var. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g.. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. lilac . reticulata var. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. erecta marigold African m. laevis Symphytum S. woundwort lamb's-ears. americana Stachys S. patula melongene. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. vulgaris 'Addie V. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. californica Sorbaria S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S.
carnosus T. filifolia T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. canadense T. wood sage germander dwarf. yew conical y. procumbent g. . tansy tansy. fruticans T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. occidentalis Thymus T. vulgare T. upright y. 'Broad-leaf English' T. vulgare var. officinale Taxus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. signet m. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low.. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. lemon t. germander American g. dense y.T.. marum Thuja T. culinary golden lemon t. lucida T. columnar y. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. crispum Taraxacum T.. 'Argenteus' T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. sweet mace French m. dwarf m.
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zygis Torenia T. nummularius T. pratensis Trichostema T. doerfleri T. t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. praecox T. odorus t. confederatej. lanatum Trifolium T. crimson c. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. not culinary French t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. wishbone flower. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. serpyllum T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls.. romero clover red clover star jasmine. richardii subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. glabrescens T. herba-barona T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. caraway t. lemon t. leucotrichus T. . red c.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. t. nitidus T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. praecox subsp. creeping t. pallasianus T.. woolly thyme creeping t.
speedwell. thapsus Veronica V. water-lily t. species t. olympicum V. 'Sweet Harmony' T. 'Blizzard' T. Indian cress dwarf n. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. 'General de Wet' T. laevifolium Valeriana V. blueberry. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. mullein mullein. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. canadensis Tulipa T. huckleberry. maritima Urtica U. officinalis Verbascum V. clusiana T.Tropaeolum T. bitter Indian garden n. kaufmanniana T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. dioica V Vaccinium V. majus T. flannel plant. nettle stinging n. tawny orange t. officinalis V. tall n. .. red s. squill. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. angustifolium var. early. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. velvet p. minus Tsuga T. blattaria V. pale yellow Darwin t. cranberry. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tarda T. farfara U Urginea U..
wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. arrowwood. withe-rod vetiver. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. × wittrockiana Vitis V. prunifolium Vinca V. acerifolium V. canina V. violet dog violet horned v. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.. possum haw . cassinoides V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. maple-leaved viburnum. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. heartsease pansy. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. carlesii V. minor Viola V. tricolor V. running m. khus-khus. myrtle.Vetiveria V. lesser p. ladies-delight. odorata V. sweet h.. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. sheepberry. lutea 'Splendens' V. nannyberry. heartsease. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. zizanioides Viburnum V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw..
Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 . officinale ginger true ginger. ginger. Canton g.
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