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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

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17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. successes. pushing. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. alterations. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. with sparkling enthusiasm. and the experience provided the final section of the book. The turning point came when. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. and the publisher. bereft of hope. punching. for they had no model and no guide. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. responded with delight. carefully chosen. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Then. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. Ginny had done some writing. Their energy and charm caught me up. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. wheedling. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. whether all their labor was to no avail. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. Again they revised. With false starts and honest stops. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. build it. This was not to be. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. and I have had the pleasure of advising. seven years ago. especially poetry. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. It needs no sequel. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. This they did. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. more of them exist to serve as examples. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and record every detailall of the failures.

as in Rosmarinus officinalis. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. To achieve this. English thyme. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. or by contributors. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. We. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. while others were prepared by landscape designers. 1969 and 1980. and educational purpose. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. rather. . The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. The herb garden designs alone. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. the authors. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. although countless common names exist. and these are capitalizedfor example. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. A range of essential factors is considered herein. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Likewise. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Not all plants used are herbs. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Some of these were created by landscape architects. former generic names. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. historical interest. by their owners. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. Italics are always used for botanical names. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. degree of maintenance required. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. we completed a test garden. specialty. without accompanying commentary. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume.

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former managing editors. Swanson and Robert B. Isaacson. has given us valuable information. Finally. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Special thanks are due James C. M. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Alexander Apanius. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. has been especially helpful over the years. We are grateful to many.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. FAITH H. and Joanna Reed. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Nell Neff. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Wanda Ritchie. Weatherhead. Rady. Derthick. as expediter and typist. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Betty Rea. and Rexford Talbert. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Susan Frugé. president. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. A lecturer on herbs. Richard T. past presidents. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Alice Skelsey. She has served. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. which made possible the completion of our text. and Elizabeth Bryce. Recognition is due Robert B. Lee Buss. Genevieve Jyurovat. Trudi Bela. Jo Lohmolder. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. librarian. and August Frugé. Herbert J. SWANSON VIRGINIA B.. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . His assistant. former director of same. Keebler and the late Everest P. The late Raymond C. have also been of assistance. Eleanor Gambee. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley.D. too. and the horticulturist.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

partially excavated area. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. fences. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. and decisions must not be left to chance. and structures. not at all difficult to maintain. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden." A good design does not "happen. the north point will have been indicated. or an abandoned. In order to create a fine garden design. Perennial herbs. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. As one constantly reinforces the other. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. Its interest is independent of flowers. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. "Not difficult to plan. new plants. If no . to increase the value of the property." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. a front dooryard. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. temples of worship." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. new ways of seeing. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. and hedges will have been located. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. lay out a plan of the property. some of which are evergreen. As Henry Beston reflects. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other.

measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here. and hedges.

Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. In this example. such as the one illustrated here. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. measurements are in engineer's scale. The object is to . Next. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. too. Other areas may require a smaller scale. too.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. In the absence of a survey map. A deed description. other significant structures. measure to locate the house. but with all needed information. Here. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. and the driveway. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. will give the lot or acreage measurements. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. to locate the house.

one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and parallel lines. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. < previous page page_3 next page > . graph paperfor use under tracing paper. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. and unusual land features noted. paths. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. The tools needed for drawing are few. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. enclosures. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. driveway. The smaller the scale. lines at an angle. triangleof inexpensive plastic. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. shrubs.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions.

Upkeep. In the designs that follow." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. garage. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. old smokehouse. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. However. and hedges of hemlock. bayberry. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. With the plan on paper. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. and holly. or summer kitchen is ideal. A toolhouse. In some cases. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. brick. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . must be included in assessing maintenance demands. gazebo. and stone.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. iron. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. In the absence of a structure. One basic rule is the higher the wall. greenhouse. yew.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Where air circulation is much needed. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Stone. a temporary garden that may be changed later. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. When this reinforcement is understated. . gray surfaces are found. box. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. they can be made to order. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. painted. holly. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. so give them much thought. Rosemary. deeply evergreen. but the results will confirm this course. such as bayberry. for example. If desired. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Brick is the all-time favorite material. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. or. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. For example. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. whether it will be rocks. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Equally important is proportion. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Lower cost is an advantage. or pressure-treated lumber. Generally. If used. and their styles are countless. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. it will seem too sparsely planted. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. elegant box. too. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Stained. or natural. and rosemary. however. Allow adequate room within the row. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. as an example. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. cut stones. Whatever the reason. bricks. the garden design is most attractive. At first. Styles are legion. some deciduous and some evergreen. yew. as in outdoor room dividers. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. railroad ties. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. if wood is the material of choice. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. When used with a hedge. annual painting is a necessity. for reinforcing the design.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Gates are part of the enclosure. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. In some climates. landscape timbers. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone.

logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. Conversely. awkward and unsafe. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. there is a necessary.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Choose the path material equally for comfort. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. If groups are walking through. . for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Access paths. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. and maintenance. but should be compatible with. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. cost. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. appearance. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. however. the greater the tread. It is a general rule that the less the riser. A width of four feet allows room for turning. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Paths must be ample. their use no less than comfortable. Step materials need not be the same as. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. making the design more evident. rosy pink. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. for example. There are. too. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. because they are just that. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. or red. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. The colors are various: terracotta.

A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .

too. shrubs. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. They are easily renewed as they break down. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. heather Chaenomeles speciosa.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . a result being hazardous footing. shad Malus coronaria. If the garden is made up of separate beds. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. This. When they mature. or trees to be considered. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. is an enjoyable experience. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. they should not shade the herbs too much. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. prepare a planting plan for each. a soft-lead pencil in hand. serviceberry. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it.) To avoid having a slippery surface. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. bark or pine needles can be used. and many good references are available. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. With these recommendations in mind.

Do use a soft-lead pencil. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. noting well their growth habits. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. however. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Sept. or whatever is best in your case. for example. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Artifacts As with other gardens. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. such as the one illustrated here. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. it is easily read and easily erased. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. a focal point is customarily used. one-half inch equals one foot. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. lemon thyme. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. whether they are invasive or tall growing. for example. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. 'Mount Hood daff. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . It needs. Often this center of interest is a sundial. too. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image.

If a statue less than life-size is used. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. a niche of its own should be created. the height of a fence to the house. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. < previous page page_9 next page > . Again. It is then in scale with its frame.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. a stylized drawing of an ovary. the designs have a decorative north point. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. However. For easy reference. that of good proportion.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. Except for two. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

6.Thymus praecox subsp. fennel 2.Allium 11. Landscape Architect. 7. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Viola tricolor. 22. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. which is used here in relation to a garage. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. dill cerasiforme.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. a fence. 4.A. 26. sweet 25.Lobularia maritima. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. rose 24. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. A. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. 16. lemon 15. 21. lovage 17. The first number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. With color and texture considered for contrast.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.Poterium sanguisorba. Foeniculum vulgare. bee balm 13. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. lemon balm . verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Satureja hortensis. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium graveolens. 1.Ocimum basilicum. arcticus 27. 3. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.L.Origanum majorana. The rules of symmetry are observed. or other structure. Lavenders accent the front corners. 5.Lavandula savory angustifolia.S. summer 23. 14. salad burnet 12.Satureja montana.

English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Salvia officinalis. curly parsley 10. dwarf garden 20. Pelargonium × limoneum. chive 18. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. 19.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Porrum Group. Chrysanthemum balsamita.8.Origanum heracleoticum. Greek 28. costmary 'Albus'. leek 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Petroselinum crispum var.

Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Monarda didyma. 18. Petroselinum crispum var. bush basil 3. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium graveolens.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Lavandula angustifolia. French tarragon 2. as was done here. white 20.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Poterium sanguisorba. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Aloysia triphylla.Artemisia dracunculus var. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. 1. lemon verbena 21. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Allium schoenoprasum. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. fennel English lavender geranium 4. 13. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Foeniculum vulgare. rose 19.Satureja hortensis. 11. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. summer 10. 9. 17. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. . 12.Pelargonium tomentosum.Rosmarinus officinalis. curly parsley sativa.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.

Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.salad burnet 6.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. 14.Heliotropium arborescens.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English thyme dill 8. 16. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana.Rosa eglanteria. eglantine 23. English'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.

A.Satureja hortensis.Chionanthus virginicus. Even in limited space.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Taxus cuspidata. 1. The number in each planting area is the key number. English thyme Greek oregano 4. The garden is conveniently located.Levisticum officinale. parsley 5. dill 2.Poterium sanguisorba. sativa. still observing a scale. however. spearmint 16. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Petroselinum crispum.L.Allium schoenoprasum. making the beds larger and the paths wider. 7. Then the design might need to be expanded. lemon thyme 10. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.S.Thymus × citriodorus. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. summer savory 11. Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha spicata. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. sweet marjoram 3. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Japanese yew 17. Origanum majorana. . lovage 15. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. garden sage 8. A. and the plan could be used at a front door.Salvia officinalis. 9. however. salad burnet 14. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. 13.Artemisia dracunculus var.

nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6. sweet basil chive 12.Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum.

9. sweet violet 16.S.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . yellow 29. fraxinella 15. bee balm 14. 30. Landscape Architect. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Christmas fern 5.Stachys byzantina. A. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Artemisia dracunculus var. 6.Convallaria majalis. Viola odorata.Thymus × citriodorus. summer 21. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. The long. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. 31. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 32. fennel 19. 13.Polemonium reptans. cinnamon fern 4.Osmunda cinnamomea. salad 20.Pulmonaria officinalis. 1. 7. 33.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Humulus lupulus. 25.Digitalis grandiflora. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Polystichum acrostichoides. leek Foeniculum vulgare. Dictamnus albus. Monarda didyma. garden sage 17. 8. wild ginger 27.Allium ampeloprasum. hop sativa. Jacob's-ladder 3. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. The number in each planting area is the key number. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Asarum canadense. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. blue lungwort 26. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.A.Origanum majorana.Santolina chamaecyparissus. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.L. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. This is an intimate garden. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 18. lemon thyme 28.Primula vulgaris. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. lavender marjoram 2. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. the challenge is obvious.

French thyme woodruff koreana. sweet 34.Satureja montana.Korean box 11.Tsuga canadensis. French'.savory germander Willmott'. yellow bedstraw 23.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Sorbus americana. 35.lilac 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Buxus microphylla var. crispum.Galium odoratum. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . Canada hemlock Standard'. curly parsley mountain ash 12. winter savory 24.Galium verum.Petroselinum crispum var.

it became part of the patio.Rumex scutatus." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. geometric design.Petroselinum crispum var. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. One of the beds. It is a pleasing. garden sage 20. Italian parsley . devoted to a "yearly surprise.Aloysia triphylla. To be placed near the kitchen. lemon verbena 2. 19. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Even so. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Salvia officinalis. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Origanum heracleoticum. Surprisingly. this design can be an inspiration. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. dill 10. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. neapolitanum. 1.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden.

basil sativa. lemon balm cicely 6.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Ocimum basilicum 12. lemon basil 9.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 14.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum. 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Myrrhis odorata. Alpine strawberry 7. English thyme bush basil 8. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . salad 15. sweet 18. crispum. purple basil 4. chervil marjoram 21. chive 25. curly parsley 22.Origanum majorana. borage 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet 13.Melissa officinalis. garlic chive 26. summer savory 23. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Satureja hortensis.3.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. French tarragon 5.Poterium sanguisorba. winter savory 24.Allium schoenoprasum.17.Anthriscus cerefolium.Borago officinalis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.

Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. 19. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Santolina virens.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. green santolina 12. so. Created in an orderly way. The center beds here were established in this way. geometric design. gray . To increase the planting area. it is an unusual. sweet 13. lamb's-ears 20.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. 14. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. it is full of interesting angles. English lavender 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. too. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. winter 21.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. sweet cicely 23. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Hyssopus officinalis. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary 3.Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme lemon thyme 11. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Galium odoratum. purple basil 4. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. the work paths could be eliminated. D.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus × citriodorus. 1. blue 22. scented-leaf geranium 2.Pelargonium in variety. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.C. As a whole.

Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis. germander 16.Myrtus communis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . clove pink 7. horehound24. silver mound artemisia 18. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. classic myrtle 9.6.Dianthus caryophyllus. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Ilex opaca. 25.

Satureja montana. absinthe 26. This center of interest is of particular note. arcticus 21. casts the shadow for the hour. Achillea millefolium. borage 23.Calendula officinalis. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Lavandula angustifolia. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. lemon balm 22. Galium odoratum. sweet basil 4. rosemary 15. Job's tears 11. purple basil 3. pot marigold 24.Borago officinalis.Melissa officinalis. too. French tarragon 14. yarrow 12. this herb garden is secluded. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. winter savory 16. which adds its impression of warmth.Artemisia dracunculus var. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Ocimum basilicum.Chamaemelum . an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. Its arrow points north and. tansy 25. English lavender 6.Hyssopus officinalis. Sometimes space is limited. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Artemisia absinthium. blue hyssop 2. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Coix lacryma-jobi. gray santolina 13. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosmarinus officinalis. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. sweet woodruff 5. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. 1. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sativa. and if an herb garden is to be created at all.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

Allium geranium schoenoprasum. Salvia officinalis. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . costmary 'Albus'. scented-leaf 27.Pelargonium in variety.Origanum vulgare. Salvia elegans.Carya illinoinensis. comfrey20. chamomile 17. variegated garden sage 8.Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme nobile.Syringa.7. marjoram pecan 10.Symphytum officinale. wild marjoram 28. sweet 29. pineapplescented sage 9. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. chive 18.Chrysanthemum balsamita. garden sage 19.

Citrus limon 'Meyer'. parsley 17. sunken into the ground. 18. 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. rose geranium 2. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Satureja hortensis. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. dill 20. lemon balm 35.Myrrhis odorata.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Apium graveolens. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. The more invasive ones. French sorrel 21. true ginger16. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. garlic Levisticum officinale. lovage 22. 36. sativa. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. hyssop Meyer lemon .Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 1. rue 31. chervil 15. sweet cicely 37. 5. Anthriscus cerefolium.Ipomoea alba. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. When controlled in this way. 19. 29.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Ruta graveolens. 6. 4.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium × limoneum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium sativum. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Galium odoratum.Marrubium vulgare. 7. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Pelargonium graveolens. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. summer 32.Origanum majorana. 9. sweet 34.Melissa officinalis. horehound 33. blue 23. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 30. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 3.

salad burnet 25. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Mentha spicata. French thyme 24.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon verbena 11. bush basil 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemonthyme 28.10. Greek oregano 12. Japanese yew 39. English thyme 26. dwarf nasturtium 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Origanum heracleoticum.Tropaeolum minus. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum.Poterium sanguisorba.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. spearmint 27.Magnolia virginiana.Aloysia triphylla.

but. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. however.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. < previous page page_22 next page > . whatever the reason. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. simplify!. a quick way to ensure good drainage. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. "Simplify.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Galium odoratum. lettuce 10. lemon 22. sweet 17.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia absinthium.Hedeoma pulegioides. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . rue 20.Aloe barbadensis. 14. garden sage 3. jewelweed24.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lactuca sativa. tansy 11. 26. peppermint 23.The number in each planting area is the key number.Capsicum frutescens. balm sativa. aloe Grossum Group.Satureja hortensis. bee balm 19.Ruta graveolens.Origanum majorana.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Anethum graveolens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Impatiens capensis.Allium schoenoprasum.Tanacetum vulgare.Allium fistulosum. sweet 25. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 12. bell pepper 6.Mentha spicata.Salvia officinalis.Lindera benzoin. arcticus.Petroselinum crispum. sweet 15. French tarragon 5. summer basil savory 7. 18. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. parsley 2.Mentha x piperita.Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis. 1. 16. spicebush absinthe French'.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 13. spearmint 21. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

germander 7. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. encloses this plan.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. faced and capped with random.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. French thyme 2. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. A low wall of brick. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. . Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 14. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. horizontally laid bluestone.Pelargonium in variety.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. too. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. 1. Perovskia abrotanoides. Russian 13. 8.

blue 11.Galium odoratum. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . trumpet vine 16. lavender 3. lemon balm hyssop 12.Hyssopus officinalis.angustifolia.-John'swort 17. lemon thyme 10.Santolina neapolitana 4. lady's6. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. white creeping thyme 5. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. St.Thymus praecox subsp.Viburnum cassinoides.Hamamelis virginiana. witch hazel 18.Campsis radicans. Thymus × citriodorus. crimson creeping thyme 9. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Melissa officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'.Alchemilla vulgaris.

Germander is a proper edging here. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. however. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. the shrubsyew. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. However. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. < previous page page_28 next page > . The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. It is. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. box. holly. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. Although this is not a large garden. lilac. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

winter 29.Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata.Salvia leucophylla. gray sage savory 14.Borago officinalis. 12.Stachys byzantina. white hyssop 4. woolly thyme 7.Anemone pulsatilla. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp.Myrtus communis. Japanese holly 42. Japanese holly 47.Satureja montana.20. lady's. germander 36.Salvia sclarea.Eloise & Jo Ray.Iris × germanica var. red creeping thyme 10.Cytisus supinus. 32. 23.Syringa patula. lamb'sears 35.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Teucrium chamaedrys. dwarf box 41. Mentha requienii. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Santolina chamaecyparissus. cottage pink 2.Santolina virens. arcticus 'Coccineus'. alpine strawberry 8. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . white creeping thyme 37. sweet albula. Viola odorata. blue horehound hyssop 3. Japanese yew 44. dwarf crested iris 39. lavender 22. classic myrtle 15.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. green 27. sweet cicely17. 21. clary 30. 26.Dictamnus albus. Heliotropium arborescens. orris 38. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Chamaemelum nobile.Hyssopus officinalis.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Marrubium vulgare. Thymus praecox subsp. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Artemisia ludoviciana var. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. columnal yew 43.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. santolina alpine pink 28. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. 18.Iris cristata.Artemisia frigida. 9. prostrate rosemary 13.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. Simkins'. broom 40.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Artemisia camphorata. lilac 45. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. fringed wormwood 16.Santolina pinnata 34. sweet violet 19.Comptonia peregrina.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. 1.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. crimson creeping thyme 31.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Ruta graveolens. dwarf privet 48.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. florentina. Alchemilla vulgaris. fraxinella 33. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. mantle chamomile 5. Corsican 24.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. rue 6.Chrysanthemum coccineum. arcticus 'Albus'.

as is true here in the vegetable garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. The direction a path takes can add interest. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. < previous page page_30 next page > . a running bond pattern. a cutting garden. This hedge. an herb garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. Other paths are brick. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. the center of interest for the herb garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and a vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. while adding to the enclosure of the area.

S. .L. A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. Landscape Architect.

53.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 37. 55. lavender 18.Galium odoratum. 32. fraxinella 26.Ribes alpinum. blue hyssop 43. yellow 24.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Digitalis grandiflora.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue iris 9.Helleborus niger.Salvia sclarea.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. helenium 4. Louise'. yellow 35.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. winter savory 44. double white peony of-Persia 12. Achillea taygetea. plantain lily 2.Thymus × citriodorus. lamb's-ears 49.Satureja hortensis. Christmas 48. sweet marjoram 45.Stokesia laevis. starsMaxima'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Pelargonium in variety. verbena rose chive 11. French tarragon 8.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Magnolia virginiana. statice Solemacher'. York-andLancaster rose 16.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. green santolina 42. yellow epimedium 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Origanum majorana.Allium christophii.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. candytuft Standard'. Aquilegia chrysantha. sativa. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Lilium candidum. bush basil 41. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon thyme 40. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Polystichum acrostichoides. 50.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white 'Bouquet'. summer 34. Dictamnus albus. 22.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. cottage pink French'. purple basil Japanese holly 17. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . clary 46. dill wishbone flower 5. Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina virens. alpine strawberry 3.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Anethum graveolens 23. blue 27.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 47.Limonium latifolium. sweet 51.Allium schoenoprasum. 52. lemon 29. French thyme 7.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. garden sage 56.Stachys byzantina.Ocimum basilicum 54.Origanum heracleoticum.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Satureja montana. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Teucrium chamaedrys. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Aloysia triphylla. 14. Campanula persicifolia.Hemerocallis × luteola. pale 28. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. 1. Stokes' aster 31. germander 39.The number in each planting area is the key number.

The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. a retaining wall or walls are needed. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. as in this case. < previous page page_32 next page > . The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs.

Aloysia triphylla. 42. English 44. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. . bee balm 24. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Iris pseudacorus. sweet 23. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Borago officinalis.A.Solanum pseudocapsicum. Melissa officinalis. lamb's25.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon verbena 46.R.Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Architect.Galium odoratum. lemon 22.Mentha spicata.Lavandula angustifolia. crispum.Alchemilla vulgaris.A. Monarda didyma.Tanacetum vulgare var. spearmint 41. lady's43. 1.45. Ocimum basilicum. Stachys byzantina. 21. F. borage 26.Viola odorata. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Iris cristata.

Porrum Group.Cassia marilandica. rue 51.Mentha pulegium. Greek 53. 37. French tarragon holly 13.Allium tuberosum.Quercus stellata. citrata.Crataegus arkansana.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound neapolitanum. wild 39.Allium ampeloprasum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. salad burnet 10. Poterium sanguisorba. curly mint 30. Ajuga reptans. orange mint 29.Marrubium vulgare. pink hawthorn 16. clove 55.Nepeta cataria. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Allium sativum. garden sage 36. curly parsley oak 17. rosemary 9.Rosa × rehderana. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. polyantha rose 12. fennel 35. 57.Petroselinum crispum var. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Salvia elegans.Cornus florida.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Verbascum thapsus. savory sativa. pennyroyal 54.Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia dracunculus var. Egyptian onion 11. dill 34. summer 32. myrtle 58.Dianthus caryophyllus. southernwood 31.Satureja hortensis.Origanum majorana.Vinca minor. 33. leek 49. catnip 50.Petroselinum crispum var. Proliferum Group. carpet bugleweed 8. garlic chive 48. absinthe English thyme 27.Allium cepa.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. sweet marjoram 28.Artemisia abrotanum. post crispum 'Banquet'.Origanum heracleoticum. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .7.Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Rosmarinus officinalis. flowering dogwood 15. 52. 40. pineapple38. 56.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. tabasco senna pepper 20.Elaeagnus pungens.Capsicum frutescens.Mentha × piperita var.Ruta graveolens. mullein chive 47.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Anethum graveolens.

A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. < previous page page_34 next page > . A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. sleep pillows. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. However. Although this is a northeast exposure. mothproofing bags. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. and vinegars. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. which are a good way to supply controlled shade.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox. Landscape Architect .

nutmeg geranium 39. lemon verbena 36.Mentha spicata. purple basil sage 11.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium cepa. tansy 16.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. lily leek 44. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Hemerocallis. blue hyssop 35. Poterium sanguisorba.Tropaeolum minus. bee balm 30. 19. winter 29. sativa.Allium sativum var. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . Proliferum Group.Allium moly.Rumex scutatus. lavender 7.Calendula officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. crispum. pot 28. lettuce in variety 25.Pelargonium tomentosum. daylily in variety 41. southernwood 9.Pelargonium × limoneum.Artemisia dracunculus var. bay 48.Salvia elegans.Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis. costmary 5. burnet lovage 6.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Melissa officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. 50. garden sage 2.Artemisia abrotanum. balm valerian 15. Roman 20.Salvia oficinalis. salad 22.Ocimum basilicum 27. 1. English finger-bowl geranium 38. florentina. 'President Poincare'.Iris × germanica var. Hallock'.Agastache foeniculum. 49. 23. garden 'Purpurascens'. chive 43.Satureja montana.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. dwarf savory garden sage 13. peppermint geranium 40.Hyssopus officinalis . French gray santolina sorrel 8.Pelargonium fragrans. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Laurus nobilis. anise hyssop 14. 24.Allium pulchellum 47. Ruta graveolens. round-headed garlic 46. Artemisia pontica. Thymus × citriodorus. 21.Allium sphaerocephalum.Monarda didyma. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Pelargonium graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. lilac 32.Tsuga canadensis.Tanacetum vulgare. lemon 31.Thuja occidentalis. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. French tarragon 10. lemon 18. dwarf nasturtium 37.Aloysia triphylla. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. Petroselinum crispum var. Egyptian onion 42.Valeriana officinalis. orris 17. 'Monge'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Galium odoratum. Lactuca. rue 26.

The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. is the focus of the middle level. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Invasive. A simple knot. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. < previous page page_36 next page > . A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden.

salad burnet 23. bee balm 26. sativa.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Satureja hortensis. golden thyme . foxglove 4. Valeriana officinalis. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Marrubium vulgare. white thrift 24.Armeria maritima. Satureja montana 'Nana'. 1.Foeniculum vulgare. valerian 5.Sempervivum tectorum.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var. thyme 3. pineapplescented sage 47. fennel 25. summer savory 43. pineapple mint 22. dwarf winter savory 2.Salvia elegans. horehound 46. French tarragon 44. Digitalis purpurea. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. houseleek 45.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.

parthenium. yellow 41. 33.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. French'. arcticus 55. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. English 52. winter bugloss 'Albus'. sweet 32.Anemone pulsatilla. viper's 34.Rosa chinensis.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Eranthis hyemalis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Chrysanthemum 36.Galium verum. annual clary 51. fraxinella 8. rosemary 28.Symphytum officinale.Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis. lavender Christmas rose 11. rue 31.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Ocimum basilicum. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Teucrium chamaedrys.Laurus nobilis.Origanum majorana. skirret 60.Salvia viridis.Galium odoratum. sweet 50. sweet basil sage 27. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. pot 35.Alchemilla vulgaris.Artemisia absinthium.Myrrhis odorata. 54.Agrimonia eupatoria.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. absinthe 53.Helleborus orientalis. dyer's woad 7.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. clary 48.Lavandula angustifolia. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Calendula officinalis. angelica Lenten rose 10.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. feverfew climbing rose 16. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. 39.6. 61.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. white 58.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Helleborus niger.Hyssopus officinalis. 30. China rose comfrey 19. 38. blue hyssop 57. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . Angelica archangelica.Allium schoenoprasum. marigold chive 15.Echium vulgare.Lilium candidum.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. Dictamnus albus. dwarf edging box 21.Sium sisarum. garden 42.Rosa eglanteria. sweet 37. germander 56. Salvia sclarea.Foeniculum vulgare. pink 62. Isatis tinctoria.Ruta graveolens.Crocus sativus. pink 59. 40. Madonna cicely lily 12.

< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Carya ovata. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and the shagbark hickory. There is variety in this plan. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. However. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. even though space is limited. < previous page page_38 next page > . The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal.

Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .

betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. French Galium odoratum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. Marrubium vulgare. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. chive Ilex opaca. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. Poterium sanguisorba. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. dogwood Salvia sclarea. flax Buxus sempervirens. angelica Mondarda didyma. borage Petroselinum crispum. Asarum canadense. lamb's. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. germander Agastache foeniculum.Arisaema triphyllum. box Ruta graveolens. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. Aloysia triphylla. sweet basil Satureja montana. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. citrata. rue Cornusflorida. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. box Buxus sempervirens.Galium verum. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. sativa. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. stewardsonii. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. Adiantum pedatum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. Canada Isatis tinctoria. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. box Carya ovata. Artemisia absinthium. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. valerian Rosa damascena. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. green santolina Primula veris. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. red mint .

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. However. unplanned look was desired. For this appearance. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. it is open on the side facing the house. a dipping pool there. this excavation. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. is on a sandy knoll. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. An informal. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. A singular statue of St. first intended for the construction of a cottage. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. too. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. < previous page page_40 next page > . A clump of birch here.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

77. orris chamaecyparissus.Mentha suaveolens.Anethum graveolens. 63. 38. 60.Teucrium canadense.Ajuga reptans. 61. 1. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. pineapple3. rose bergamot valerian 25.Pulmonaria officinalis. sea onion angelica 24.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Poterium sanguisorba. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. bee balm .Santolina florentina. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. rose geranium 10. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 69.Thymus praecox subsp. 76.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. golden 37.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. 79.Mentha pulegium. 70. pot 66. spearmint 45. 53. wild 43. peppermint 47. horehound mallow foxglove 16. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Artemisia abrotanum. winter savory 20.Nepeta cataria. apple mint 49. 32.Allium favum lovage 22.Monarda didyma. 67.Salvia elegans.Mentha × gentilis. French'.The number in each planting area is the key number. 58. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Satureja hortensis. 30. Johnny-jump-up54.Origanum onites. 31.Thymus herba-barona. sweet 71. 'Prostratus'.Armeria maritima. red mint 48. feverfew 27. gray scented sage santolina 4.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium denticulatum.Valeriana officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 68.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. Thymus × citriodorus. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. wild 51. thrift55.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium quercifolium. 8. 78.Pelargonium crispum. 72. Sempervivum tectorum. lemon 35.Viola tricolor. woolly thyme 13.Allium schoenoprasum.Anthriscus cerefolium.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. Thymus praecox subsp. creeping juniper 26.Digitalis grandiflora. 65.Chelidonium majus.Melissa officinalis.Angelica archangelica.Rosa 'Merry England'.Pelargonium tomentosum. Ruta graveolens. 12. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 34.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Stachys byzantina.Tanacetum vulgare var.Myrrhis odorata.Monarda fistulosa. mint 50. white birch English lavender parthenium. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 75.Convallaria majalis. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Satureja montana. catnip 73. blue 2.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Achillea tomentosa.Althaea officinalis.Mentha spicata.Betula papyrifera. 52. marsh 42. myrtle 14.Ocimum basilicum.Coriandrum sativum. 59. 36. lemon balm 44. Iris × germanica var. purple basil 9.Consolida orientalis. chive crispum.Urginea maritima. pennyroyal 46.Pelargonium graveolens. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Marrubium vulgare.Vinca minor. 64.Digitalis purpurea.Glechoma hederacea.Origanum vulgare. orange geranium 11.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 33. 74. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. celandine cicely 18.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Chrysanthemum 80. fern-leaf tansy 23.Petroselinum crispum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Hyssopus officinalis. lamb's-ears parsley 19. garden sage lungwort 57. rue 29. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.

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there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Foundation stone. They are clustered around the smokehouse. and the two small trees. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Because of the edging box. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. making it more a part of the herb garden. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. the same as the smokehouse construction. the accents of the six large box. is used for the wall.

L. .A. Landscape Architect.S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.

summer 25.Mentha requienii.Mentha × piperita. winter 42. 27. species in variety crispum. Origanum majorana. Satureja hortensis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. lemon 34.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.38. English 'Minimum'. sweet 37.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum. Lavandula angustifolia. orange mint 19. purple basil sativa. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. rosemary 3. bee balm 29. 44.The number in each planting area is the key number. 'Purpurascens'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 1. Dictamnus albus. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet marjoram 2.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. lemon 36.Angelica archangelica.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Melissa officinalis.Crocus.Ocimum basilicum 30.Allium giganteum. sweet cicely45. fraxinella 17.Levisticum officinale. lady's.Aloysia triphylla. lemon basil 15.Galium odoratum.Myrrhis odorata. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Alchemilla vulgaris. pineapple mint 18. Asarum europaeum. 39. blue angelica lungwort 20. chive comfrey curly mint 8. fringed 43. 22. Ocimum basilicum 24. box 'Citriodorum'. lovage 46.Buxus sempervirens.Chrysanthemum 28. 31.Prunus domestica. 40.Mentha × piperita var. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . sweet 26. verbena English thyme 5.Artemisia frigida. 47.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. Corsican 33. 41. Symphytum officinale.Fritillaria imperialis.Allium schoenoprasum. balm citrata.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 32.Tanacetum vulgare var.Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata.Lilium candidum.Artemisia abrotanum.Pulmonaria officinalis.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. Pelargonium graveolens. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 35. white 23.Satureja montana. dwarf edging box 14. European ginger 4. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Crataegus laevigata. 21. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. balsamita.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. spearmint 48.

Lowgrowing. a soil retainer. two specimen shrubs. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. the dwarf box edging. This hedge. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. This is true also of the stone curbing. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. although it is ample at four feet. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. pink of Dianthus. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. too. < previous page page_44 next page > . and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Instead. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. The dipping bowl. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings.

Landscape Architect.A. .< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L. A.S.

Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. sweet 27. 46.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. verbena snowflake 19. 36. lemon 33. sweet 55.Pelargonium in variety.Dicentra spectabilis. 43.Tulipa kaufmanniana. golden thyme41. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. arcticus 30. lemon 60. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. Stachys byzantina.Teucrium canadense.Satureja montana. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Aloysia triphylla.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Convallaria majalis.Thymus herba-barona.57. 20. gray 22. thyme 29. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Mertensia virginica.Salvia sclarea.Allium giganteum angelica 11. 2. 'Lanuginosus'. marjoram crocus 7.Cimicifuga racemosa.Levisticum officinale.Narcissus triandrus var. arcticus 34. sweet 47.Crocus angustifolius. 49.Crocus speciosus.Anemone blanda. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 50. black cohosh windflower 15.Lilium candidum. rue25.Mentha × piperita. 53.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. borage 31. American 38.Crocus tomasinianus. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 1. 26. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Pelargonium in variety. clary 32.Thymus praecox subsp. 44.Mentha spicata. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Nepeta mussinii.Allium christophii.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Crocus kotschyanus. spearmint 48. winter savory 39.Thymus × citriodorus. Madonna 63. Salvia officinalis. 54. white 42. 56.Digitalis grandiflora. 58.Myrica pensylvanica.Angelica archangelica.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 40. Thymus praecox subsp.Sternbergia lutea.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Heliotropium arborescens. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. lamb's-ears 28.The number in each planting area is the key number. caraway thyme albus. 61. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. prostrate rosemary 18. green santolina 37.Helleborus niger.Galanthus nivalis. Spanish bluebell 16. angel's-tears 59. Compactus'. 52. tulip citrata.Helleborus lividus subsp. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Thymus doerfleri. lily. 17.Leucojum aestivum. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. 45.Narcissus asturiensis.Borago officinalis. orange mint 8. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Hamamelis virginiana.Santolina virens. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. angustifolia 'Nana'. catmint 35. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Ocimum basilicum.Tulipa clusiana.Mentha × piperita var.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. Origanum majorana.Galium odoratum. 51.

Second. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. The results have been most satisfying. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. First. very livable and profoundly satisfying. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Morning sun warms it early.

white Greek oregano mugwort 6. The number in each planting area is the key number. leek 46.Salvia officinalis. Landscape Architect.Tagetes 'Lulu'. tulip 45. garden sage 4.A.Tulipa tarda. lemon 21.Artemisia dracunculus var. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Ocimum basilicum.Allium ampeloprasum. English thyme 43.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Artemisia absinthium 24. sweet basil 23.Allium neapolitanum. 'Lambrook Silver'. 25.Artemisia lactiflora. absinthe sativa. clary thyme 22. French tarragon 5. 1. wild celery 42.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. . Porrum Group. woolly thyme 3. 26.Apium graveolens. marigold 41. crocus 44.Crocus sieberi.Salvia sclarea. Thymus praecox subsp. A. Thymus × citriodorus. Origanum heracleoticum.S. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Beauty'.

great 31.Aloysia triphylla. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Levisticum officinale. 8. weed chive 48.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Viola odorata.Tropaeolum minus. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. lobelia Sherbert'.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. pale 49.Stachys byzantina. 58.Malus hupehensis. blue 38. pink 30. monkshood upright yew 17.Aconitum napellus.Lobelia siphilitica.Allium senescens var. dogwood 19. white evergreen azalea 16.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. American marjoram Yellow'. clematis 11. Robert verbena Brydon'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Clematis 'Mrs.Galium mollugo.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 37.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Cornus florida.Nepeta × faassenii.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Dianthus × allwoodii.Allium schoenoprasum. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. yellow 55.Hyssopus officinalis. butterfly 47. American elderberry 15.Digitalis grandiflora. lemon 50. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Artemisia camphorata. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. 56. 54.Rosmarinus officinalis. alpine 28. viola holly 18.Origanum majorana. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . bee balm foxglove Choice'.Achillea filipendula 60. red currant gray santolina 13. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. lamb's-ears 52. curly parsley 20.Asclepias tuberosa.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Ribes sativum.Ilex opaca.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. Lavandula angustifolia.Dictamnus albus. 39.foxglove 7. 32.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Ipomoea alba. green 40. catmint 53. lovage 34.Santolina virens. fraxinella 36. 29.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

A birdbath of copper. The four herb beds. Well-drained as they are. are raised with bricks on edge. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. even though the growing area is not extensive. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. an impression of Sol in it. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . repeats again the octagonal form. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Galium odoratum. clary 21. dill 18.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. rosemary 33.Lavandula dentata.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Mentha × piperita. silver mound artemisia 8.Pelargonium denticulatum.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. orange santolina geranium 11. lemon 30.Salvia sclarea. Artemisia absinthium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. peppermint 4. rue 35. English thyme horehound 2. lemon 39. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubium vulgare. thyme salad burnet 40. Semple. French 26. Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha spicata. 28.Petroselinum crispum var. 16.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium tomentosum. lavender 15. curly parsley 32.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon 41. variegated garden sage 37. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Heliotropium arborescens. 27. angustifolia. 43. bush basil 23.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Ocimum basilicum. clove pink 10. Anethum graveolens. crispum. French tarragon 7.Pelargonium crispum. sativa.Allium tuberosum.Ruta graveolens.Santolina 25. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. golden variegated garden sage 38.Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia abrotanum.Nepeta mussinii.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. white creeping thyme 12. heliotrope 31. Stachys byzantina. 1. purple basil 24. absinthe 20. purple variegated garden sage 36. curly mint 3. 19. 42.Pelargonium graveolens.Poterium sanguisorba. lamb's-ears 17. prostrate rosemary 34. sweet basil 22. catmint 6. sweet woodruff 9. lavender pine geranium chive 13. spearmint southernwood 5. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Aloysia triphylla. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Thymus × citriodorus. 29. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Joan E.

flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. A suitable fence. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. A birdbath may replace the pool. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. if neither is available. rose geranium. rose. and lantana are a few. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. a toolhouse. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. lemon verbena. < previous page page_52 next page > . too. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architect. gray santolina chamomile 14.L.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.S. heliotrope 21. white creeping thyme 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. geranium 16. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Chenopodium botrys.Artemisia absinthium 11. 7.Aloysia triphylla. green 12. rosescented geranium 17.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. zonal geranium 19.Thymus praecox subsp. absinthe 'Minimum'.Heliotropium arborescens. zonal geranium 18.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 13. lemon 10.A. arcticus 'Albus'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium frutetorum. woolly thyme 15.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. sweet santolina marjoram 6. lemon thyme 20. A.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Tanacetum vulgare var. crispum.Santolina virens. 9. bush basil 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fern-leaf tansy 8. 1.Origanum majorana. verbena ambrosia 4.Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 3.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Chamaemelum nobile.

It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Box and holly enclose it all. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Hyssop hedges define the circles. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. the design is clearly traced. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. box. As the snows melt. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. mints. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. a sundial. but the design itself has endured forty years. apothecary's rose. a deep mauve to others. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. artemisias.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Angelica. The dwarf box frames the focal point. These can easily obliterate a design. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > .

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Lamium album. sweet woodruff45. 1. arcticus 40. lilac 70. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. winter savory 32. crimson creeping thyme 18. rue 23. arcticus 39. Santolina virens.Sium sisarum. fern-leaf tansy 5.Symphytum officinale.Paeonia officinalis.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. masterwort 69.Tanacetum vulgare var. dyer's woad 9.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. florentina. absinthe 34. nasturtium 28. bronze 64.Valeriana officinalis. green.Sedum telephium. French thyme Madonna lily 16. rosemary 25. perilla 51.Asarum europaeum.Syringa. weld 54. Pelargonium in variety. alpine 60. sweet European ginger cicely 3. piney 44. lamb's-ears 33. Dianthus caryophyllus.Santolina chamaecyparissus. valerian 6. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia absinthium.James D. 65.Helleborus niger.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Reseda luteola. Tropaeolum majus.Lilium candidum. southernwood 2. daffodil 17. Satureja montana.Astrantia major. blue hyssop 42.Melissa officinalis. skirret 53. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. marjoram lungwort crispum.Arisaema dracontium. gray 37. yew Beauty'.Vitis.Pyrus communis.Artemisia camphorata. 58. 55.Galium odoratum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. pot bergamot marjoram 7. scented. white creeping thyme French'. garden sage Christmas rose 10. leaf geranium French lavender 8. 59. sweet 27. Chamaemelum nobile.Hyssopus officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Helleborus atrorubens 12.30.Sempervivum tectorum. apothecary's rose lavender 20. white dead 49. germander 43. thrift 41. feverfew 14. Canadian burnet 13.Alchemilla vulgaris.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Iris × germanica var. butterfly weed35. 'Albus'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 48. 62. 67. orris box 22. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. Graham. wild 52.47. chamomile 31. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. white 66.Buxus sempervirens. dwarf edging box 21.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Myrrhis odorata. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. clove pink 29. grape fennel 19.63.Perillafrutescens.Armeria maritima.Taxus. 56.Foeniculum vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys.Monarda fistulosa.Helleborus orientalis.Santolina neapolitana 36. green santolina 24. Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia. blue 50.Asclepias tuberosa. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Lavandula dentata. Origanum majorana.Alchemilla alpina. orris 57.Origanum onites.Isatis tinctoria.Stachys byzantina.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. lady's-mantle 46. arcticus 38. 26.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.

diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. In addition to the brick edging around each. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. pink. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. However. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. < previous page page_56 next page > . Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. At the top of the steps.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. with buds of red. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. They are small specialty beds. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. rising from the courtyard. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Rosa 'Albertine'. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. The large. include this one. If there is room for only one rambler rose. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. but no panacea for the maintenance required.

Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. caraway 24. winter savory 41. garden sage 40. subsp. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 23.Thymus × citriodorus.Borago officinalis. angelica 20.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. Carum carvi.Tanacetum vulgare.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Lavandula angustifolia. foxglove 39.Melissa officinalis. rhubarb 2. lavender 4. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. English thyme .Rheum rhabarbarum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. bush basil 43. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. 22. Angelica archangelica. tansy Bois'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. lemon balm 42. alpine strawberry 3. 1.Satureja montana.

Poterium sanguisorba.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Dianthus Victoria'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Origanum majorana. Thymus 'Argenteus'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. 35.'Albertine'.R.Anethum graveolens 47.Laurus nobilis. lemon 51. clove pink Mammoth'.Lavandula dentata. prostrate rosemary 16. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 49. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. French 33. rose 28. centifolia.Marrubium vulgare. Hyssopus officinalis.R.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Chrysanthemum. curly parsley 26. bourbon rose 10. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. thyme frutescens.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. centifolia var.R.Aloysia triphylla. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Calendula officinalis. 29. Consolida ambigua. Irish-lace 48.Pelargonium.R.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Allium schoenoprasum. muscosa 15. silver 27. cheddar pink 53. borboniana 'La Reine 14. centifolia 'Cristata'.R. French'.R.Artemisia dracunculus 44. 31.Tagetes filifolia. salad 7.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. Mexican tea 18.Mentha × piperita var.Salvia elegans. Pelargonium graveolens. var.R. 56. 36. citrata. 45.Chrysanthemum 46. pot 50. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. pineapple34.'Baronne Prevost'. marguerite chive 9.sativa. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Chenopodium 55. 54. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Satureja hortensis. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . blue hyssop 25. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. musk rose 12.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.6. geranium in 30. sweet 37.Petroselinum crispum var.

this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Laid in an unusual pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. It is near the house. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. as it should be. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Balance is augmented. < previous page page_58 next page > . The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. too. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

arcticus 'Albus'.Satureja hortensis.Myosotis sylvatica.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 4. Rosmarinus officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Ocimum basilicum.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Hyssopus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. A.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. green 22.L.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. English thyme signet marigold 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Heliotropium arborescens. 21.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray 15. dill 9.S. heliotrope 3.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. 16. blue hyssop 13. dwarf edging box 8.Origanum majorana. 20. 24.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 19. English'. 1. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. sweet basil 14.Aloysia triphylla. 17. The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary yellow viola 10. lavender 2.Salvia officinalis.Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect. 23. chive lemon verbena 6. santolina moss rose 7. angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. double white peony 5.A.

This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. and the grape arbor. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The grape vines. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. too. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and a comfortable. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. Herbs. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. the fence with roses. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. < previous page page_60 next page > . The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. winter pruned. potted lemon verbena. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Valeriana officinalis. Nepeta mussinii. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. conical yew rosemary 1. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. sweet climbing rose. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. 3. lemon Linum perenne. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Galium odoratum. Althaea officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Teucrium chamaedrys. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. BED II germander BED IV 2. Aloysia triphylla. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. marsh climbing rose. Iris cristata. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. purple variegated garden sage 4. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Connecticut Vera Breed. three. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Stachys byzantina. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. conical yew 'Silver Moon'.

sweet Lavandula angustifolia. beach Marrubium vulgare. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. tuberosa 6. houseleek in variety 7. plume Baptisia australis. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Rosmarinus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. Delphinium × belladonna. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. angustifolia 'Munstead'. lemon thyme 9. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. catmint 5. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. creeping thyme in variety 8. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. lemon Anemone hybrida. Sempervivum. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Thymus. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 10. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fairy rose Giant'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba.

The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. blue green. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Ivy. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. holly. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. silver. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . its detail is shown below. tend to broaden the width of the garden. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Another angle could be tried with these. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. planted in bands across these beds. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Later. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. if desired. Herbs. grew too large. myrtle. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. and bright green in the herb beds. Either it flourished too well. magnolia. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. this was replaced with ''edging" box.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Buxus sempervirens 14. caraway thyme 40. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. myrtle 47. spearmint 42.Melissa officinalis. dwarf 21. bay rosemary 12. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Mentha spicata.Vinca minor. 1. lemon 29.Monarda didyma.Chamaemelum nobile.Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. American holly 31. silver-king artemisia 23. gray santolina 15.Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium fragrans. Ocimum basilicum 24.Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha suaveolens. white creeping thyme 41.Laurus nobilis. horehound germander 17. sweet 34. 25.Pelargonium × nervosum. box chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum.Myrica pensylvanica.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lovage 48. Tropaeolum minus.19. French thyme 39.Satureja montana.Artemisia abrotanum. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. Ocimum basilicum 22. 44.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff 36.Artemisia dracunculus var.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. winter 'Purpurascens'. arcticus 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Thymus × citriodorus. 6.Magnolia grandiflora. bee balm30.Thymus doerfleri.Thymus herba-barona. bayberry balm thyme 13.Rumex scutatus.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Marrubium vulgare. 28.Thymus carnosus. thyme 38. French 27. rue 20. purple garden sage 7. English'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 49. lemon 46. Borago officinalis. Stachys byzantina.Tanacetum vulgare. thyme 37. lime geranium 4. Ruta graveolens. 'Minimum'. lamb's. bush basil albula. tansy 45. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Rosmarinus officinalis. woolly thyme 8. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. English thyme chamomile 2. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. dwarf edging box 11. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Ilex opaca.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. ears rose geranium 3.Hedera helix. salad 43. 33. borage 26. purple basil savory 35. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . English ivy burnet 10.Origanum majorana. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Thymus praecox subsp.

It is located for the best viewing. The four potted bay. < previous page page_64 next page > . too. adding to the space for walking.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. standards. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. The use of flagstone. It is a large garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. accent this prime focal point even more. There is variety in the walks. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. brick. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Laurus nobilis. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. maypoles. too. and treessome of which are espaliered. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. potted shrubs.

odoratissimum.P. fragrans. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. 51.Nigella damascena. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.quercifolium. Thymus × citriodorus.acerifolium.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pot 52. winter 27. 1. musty oakscented geranium 5.P. 26. lemon 29. Johnny-jump.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.Chenopodium botrys.Viola tricolor. 25.P. apple English thyme up geranium 3. wild 28. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .Calendula officinalis. love-in. 49.P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.50.53.P. Satureja montana.

garden sage 54.Poncirus trifoliata. 61. white sweet yarrow violet 13.P. bay 20. cherry tomato chive 17. crispum. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. bee balm 63.Livingston'.Myrtus communis. 62.Salvia officinalis. 57.P.P.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon 47. classic 21.Poterium sanguisorba. strawberry 48. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. graveolens.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. 58. tomentosum. sweet flag 16.Pelargonium crispum.Aloysia triphylla. dill 36. rosemary 9.Viola odorata.P. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Allium senescens var.P.P. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. arcticus43. lemon 65. camphor-scented geranium 69. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon geranium 33. fern-leaf 'Nana'. radens 'Dr. pheasant's.Achilleafilipendula. golden lemon thyme 7. orange geranium 23. blue hyssop 10. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.× nervosum.Artemisia dracunculus var.P.P.Fragaria vesca. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Thymus serpyllum. Rosmarinus officinalis. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. rose geranium66.Tanacetum vulgare var. denticulatum. French tarragon Rose'.Acorus calamus. 44. salad 42.P. fern-leaf 60. horehound 46. peppermint 67.Salvia caerulea.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P. English lavender 32. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. bronze 38. lemon southernwood geranium 34. glutinosum. parsley 35. chamomile 8.Petroselinum crispum.Origanum majorana.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha pulegium. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Lavandula angustifolia. crispum 'Minor'.Forsythia.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. Chamaemelum nobile. lemon geranium 56. lemon-rose geranium 22.P. pine crispum.Allium schoenoprasum. 71.Origanum dictamnus.Foeniculum vulgare. denticulatum 11.6. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Malus angustifolia.Laurus nobilis.Thymus praecox subsp.P. wild thyme 31.Mentha.Anethum graveolens. lemon balm 45. lettuce 40. lime geranium 55. lettuce 39. box 19.Melissa officinalis. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. radens.72. forsythia 'Albus'.Levisticum officinale.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Malus. 41. 64.Monarda didyma.P. sweet 37.Artemisia abrotanum. crowfoot 70.

Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The result is one of sculptured elegance. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. In keeping with this feeling. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. green santolina. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. and Allium karataviense. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. < previous page page_66 next page > . too.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Thymus praecox subsp. apple mint 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Hyssopus officinalis. garden sage 18. big blue lilyturf 12. French tarragon schoenoprasum. blue hyssop 16.Salvia officinalis.Allium christophii.Salvia officinalis. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Satureja montana. 8.Artemisia frigida. gray 10. green santolina 14.Liriope muscari. dwarf garden 17. winter savory 9. Artemisia dracunculus var.Levisticum officinale.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium moly. arcticus.Florence B. lemon 11.Allium sativa. Santolina virens. fringed 7. Mentha suaveolens. wormwood fennel 2. chive 4. 15.Thymus × citriodorus. 1. Baker. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. for the box after new spring growth. the circle. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. < previous page page_70 next page > . It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. and the front porch of the house. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the upper deck. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the square. Many herb gardens could provide this.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. winter savory 4.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. chamomile 2.The number in each planting area is the key number. Italian cypress 9. dwarf edging box 7.Satureja montana.Cupressus sempervirens. lavender 5.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. lemon 8. viola 3.Cedrus deodara. dwarf myrtle 6. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Chamaemelum nobile. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.

Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Paths are gravel. from Peter Coats. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Coin with Tudor rose design. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. as it was with this plan. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > .. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Roses. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Eryngium maritimum.Primula elatior.Iris pseudacorus. sweet marjoram 3. caraway 35. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. classic myrtle 18. yellow flag 26. winter 32. 25. 22. blue hyssop 2. clove20. wild thyme 5.Fumaria officinalis. oxlip 17. 34. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Rosmarinus officinalis. lettuce 28. parsley 29. sweet violet 6.Mentha spicata.Viola odorata. fennel 21. pot marigold 15.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha × piperita. Foeniculum vulgare.Viola tricolor.Satureja montana. absinthe peppermint 8.Bellis perennis.Crithmum maritimum. Dianthus caryophyllus. salad burnet 10. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . monkshood27. chamomile 4.Poterium sanguisorba. Chamaemelum nobile. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Fragaria vesca. saffron lily crocus 12.Lactuca sativa. 19. Hyssopus officinalis.Petroselinum crispum. rue 33.The number in each planting area is the key number. earth 24.Melissa officinalis. Thymus serpyllum. lemon balm 31. Malva sylvestris. Madonna 23. English daisy 36. rosemary 16. 1.Anemone pulsatilla. mallow 13. Origanum majorana.Aconitum napellus.Primula vulgaris.Lavandula angustifolia.Calendula officinalis.Ruta graveolens.Crocus sativus.Carum carvi.Myrtus communis. spearmint 30.Lilium candidum.

silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. silver mound. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. white." Concrete blocks. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. However. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Selected for this reason. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. spurred. its tufted. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . plumed. but Always Love. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. most of the blooms are nightscented. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. white blooms and woolly. along with a measure of fragrance. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance.

17.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. Stachys byzantina. silver 16. 1.19. sweet 31. pink 15. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Marrubiam vulgare.Galanthus nivalis.Galium odoratum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. lamb's. 'Albus'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. silver mound artemisia 3.Dictamnus albus. white 32. Thymus 'Argenteus'. white . Dianthus 'White Lace'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. petunia 30.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. horehound 2.Lilium candidum.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.

6. 25. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. white stock absinthe 10. white 27.Convallaria majalis.Rosa 'Cinderella'. tulip 37.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Hesperis matronalis. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. 28.21. 23.Ipomoea alba.Lunaria annua.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. rose 40. sweet violet 20.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia ludoviciana var. tuberose 36. moonflower 39.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. lavender 12.Malus 'Guiding Star'. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Salvia sclarea. needle florentina. rose 41.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. white 22. western mugwort 7.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Adam's.Polianthes tuberosa. daffodil 35. Artemisia lactiflora. Yucca filamentosa. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Matthiola incana. Artemisia absinthium. dame's honesty rocket 14. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. orris 8. albula.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Artemisia ludoviciana. tulip 38. 26. Viola odorata. clary 24.Artemisia stellerana.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.

simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. related to an old mill reconstruction. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. textures. Many of these herbs lack the hues. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. and fragrances usually considered characteristic.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. < previous page page_76 next page > . too. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. required their use as an educational adjunct. This herb garden. Rather. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

black-eyed 50. queen. 34. henequen marigold bearberry 8. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Monarda didyma. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Viburnum acerifolium. dyer's broom safflower 6. St. sisal 27. Scotch broom hemp 7.Filipendula ulmaria.Solidago species.Allium cepa.Rumex obtusifolius. African 45.Tagetes patula.Phytolacca americana.Coreopsis tinctoria.51. saffron crocus marguerite 3. sumac poke 17.Morus rubra or alba.Dipsacus sativus. Abutilon theophrasti. 35.Parmelia conspersa.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Hydrastis canadensis. 29. 26.Reseda luteola.Pteridium aquilinum.Agrimonia eupatoria.Crocus sativus.Urtica dioica. 39. Agave sisalana. 53.Rumex acetosa. dyer's 31.Cotinus coggygria.Indigofera tinctoria. garden 56.Anchusa officinalis. weld 57.Anthemis tinctoria. 37. stinging nettle44. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Galium verum.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. woad Susan laevifolium.Furcraea hexapetala.Genista germanica. broad 42.Cladrastis lutea. French 33.Galium odoratum. fuller's 30. lily. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 43.Mahonia aquifolium. 32.Prunus persica. 23. Musa textilis.Hypericum perforatum. Sansevieria trifasciata.Carthamus tinctorius. 20.Rubia tinctorum.38.Coptis trifolia. flax 21. ramie 24. golden 40. 22. Agave fourcroydes.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.. 47. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Isatis tinctoria.Cytisus scoparius.Rhus typhina. 1.Ligustrum vulgare.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 48. sweet 49. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. Manila 25.Rudbeckia hirta. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. Hibiscus cannabinus.Chelidonium majus. privet marigold 15. peach bracken sorrel 19. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. onion China jute 4. 28. Gossypium hirsutum.Sanguinaria canadensis.Convallaria majalis. goldthread 41. yellow 55.Genista tinctoria. madder 54.46. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Tagetes erecta.Berberis vulgaris. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. Linum usitatissimum. alkanet 52. blueberry 13. bee 36. Boehmeria nivea.

This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. < previous page page_78 next page > . a sundial surrounded by the dainty. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Elsewhere. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A totally appealing edging. as well as the roses. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. the second shows the number of plants to be used.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'American Pillar'. 'Seven Sisters'. cl. 'Queen of the Prairies'. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 18. 1. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Mignonette' 5. 25. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 23. rambler 19. cl. 'Sombreuil'. 22. cl. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Mme. 24. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. cl. 'Belle Amour' 6. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. Alfred de Rougemont'. rambler 20. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. cl. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Legras de St.

This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. Circles and angles provide interest. < previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. The notch of four square feet. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. 24.A.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. 25. red-flowered kale 6. annuum 'Teno'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. annuum 'Pinocchio'. annuum 'Nosegay'. 48. graveolens 'French Dinant'. cherry tomato 34.C. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. annuum 'Black Prince'.B. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. eggplant 43. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.A. 32. Petroselinum crispum var. 27.A. celery I 31.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 26.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. oleracea 'Prima'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. shallot Lakes'. lycopersicum var. graveolens var. celery Group. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.C.B. curly eggplant parsley 23. 45.A. 40. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. white-flowered kale 49.C.B. melongena 1.B.Solanum melongena var. oleracea 'Green Parade'. C.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.B. graveolens var. graveolens var. sprouts celery 8. celery Bed 9. annuum 'Red Boy'.B.A. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. chive 42. cepa Proliferum Group.Apium graveolens var. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. red 38. 28. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.L.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . annuum 'Variegata'.Cichorium intybus. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.A. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.S.L. C. leek 5. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. C. schoenoprasum.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. giant garlic var. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.B. 22. dulce 50.S. dulce 47. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. kohlrabi Rock'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. 30.C.sativa 'Ruby'. tuberosum. annuum 'Fips'.B. ruby swiss chard var.esculentum 'Long Black'. Boerner. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.B. garlic chive 44.B. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. Beauty'. C. 29.C. 39.A. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.B. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. C. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. scorodoprasum. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.A. pear Purple Vienna'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. annuum 'Mosaic'. crispum 'Banquet'. C. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.C. Capsicum annuum var.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. C. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. annuum 'Golden Bell'. melongena 2. dulce 'Utah 5270'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. red 37. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.A.

Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and golden thyme. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . All of the circles.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. for each is a complete entity. winter savory. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. arcs. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. When viewed from the terrace above.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. lemon geranium 22.P. oak-leaved geranium 16. The number in each planting area is the key number. odoratissimum. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.P. 12. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P. tomentosum. Livingston'. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P. apricot geranium28. Santolina chamaecyparissus.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. Marshall. Teucrium chamaedrys. P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. acerifolium. Satureja montana. × nervosum 'Torento'. peppermint 26. P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P. orange geranium 8. radens 'Dr. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. graveolens.P.P. P. Assoc. apple gray santolina geranium 3. rose-scented geranium 4. × domesticum 6. 29. green 14. A.Melissa R. Landscape Architect.P.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. winter 13. Santolina virens.Myrica pensylvanica. germander crowfoot geranium 21. grossularioides.P.Ilex glabra. gooseberry geranium 24.P. 17. rose geranium 27.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P.P. maple-leaved 18..' lemon geranium 23. 1. 19. scabrum. 15.A. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.P. crispum.× nervosum. crispum 'French Lace. golden 11.S. pungent-scented geranium 25. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. inkberry geranium 9.L.P.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .× fragrans 'Variegatum'. lime geranium Rose'.

was planted using edging box only. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. For the knot to look its best at all times. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. which is framed with a brick edging. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. texture. especially when it is blooming. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. blue hyssop 3. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. or marble chips. on page 37. English lavender 2. filled with plants that have contrasting color. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina virens. Its interspaces can be mulched. sand. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. closed knot design. Maintenance is high for a knot. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. such as a dwarf edging box. and growth to the plants of the knot design. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. 1.Lavandula angustifolia. To ease the care for a more complicated design. .

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1.Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina 3. dwarf edging box 4.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. green santolina 2. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . arcticus 'Coccineus'.

caraway thyme 9. which is found more often out in the open.T. the height of the edging. rosemary creeping thyme 2. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. which are confined to that area. herba-barona. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. fig 4. 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.S.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 'Albus'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. praecox subsp. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. arcticus 'Coccineus'.officinalis 'Tricolor'. The knot material is maintained at six inches. In another departure from the usual. 1. Some maintenance is required for clipping. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. variegated garden sage . 8. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. purple variegated 11. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Thymus praecox subsp. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. white 7. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. Rosmarinus officinalis. creeping thymes.T. lavender Japanese barberry 5.

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< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. American germander 3. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. lavender . gray santolina 2.

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germander .< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.

Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

a complement for the colors of the plant material. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. adding another facet to an appealing design.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. again laid on edge. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. each one a quarter-circle. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. pleasing color. which are also laid on edge. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. < previous page page_88 next page > .

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

tree artemisia 26. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Lavandula dentata var. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Anthemis marschalliana.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. lavender 5. 18. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia frigida.Salvia argentea.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. rue 21. dwarf 12.Allium senescens var.Teucrium fruticans. glaucum 11. golden marguerite 25. candicans. silver thyme 6.Crithmum maritimum.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1. tree germander 22.Salvia clevelandii.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 2. fern-leaf yarrow 27. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Artemisia arborescens. silver horehound 19.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. curry plant 7.Santolina neapolitana 10. French lavender 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. silver sage 15.Marrubium incanum.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. samphire14. blue sage 13. woolly yarrow 23. lavender 9.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Anthemis tinctoria.Stachys byzantina. 17. lavender 8. dwarf gray santolina 20. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Leontopodium alpinum. 16.Helichrysum angustifolium. Russian sage 24.

Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. which include hanging baskets. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Styles of containers. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. thyme. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. are without number. As with other plant material. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Some are rosemary. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. oregano. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. < previous page page_90 next page > . Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. The color of the container plays a lesser role. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. If one is familiar with herbs. lady's-mantle. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. sweet marjoram. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. basil. and the savories. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones.

It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. < previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.

Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

If children's interest is not sustained. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. LandscapeArchitect.A.L. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. However. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.S. Of course supervision is necessary. < previous page page_95 next page > . and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. A.

they are easily handpicked. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Just keep a garden design for children simple. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational." selected for their greater fragrance. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. too. Instead of benches on the patio. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. These are ''old roses. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. < previous page page_96 next page > . and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Children in this age group can help with the construction.

. A. Landscape Architect.L.S.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.

19. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Tropaeolum minus.Allium moly. crispum. English lavender 7. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Hedeoma pulegioides. dill pennyroyal 11. Levisticum officinale. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia. southernwood 5. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 20. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garlic chive 29. Nigella damascena. neapolitanum.Origanum majorana. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Chenopodium botrys. 1. cottage pink 18.Satureja hortensis.Petroselinum crispum var. 16.Allium senescens var. damask rose 32. clary 25. love-in-a-mist 14.Salvia sclarea.Calendula officinalis. garden sage 24. summer savory 22. ophioscorodon. lily leek 30. Petroselinum crispum var.The number in each planting area is the key number. ambrosia 2.Marrubium vulgare. Dianthus plumarius. Italian parsley 23. horehound 26.Allium tuberosum. Borago officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rosa gallica. pot marigold 8. dwarf 6. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . catnip 27.Salvia officinalis. borage 15.Artemisia abrotanum. alpine strawberry 3.Nepeta cataria.Artemisia camphorata.Anethum graveolens. American 21.Isatis tinctoria. 13. English lavender 4.Allium sativum var.rocambole 28.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. lovage 12.Rosa damascena. glaucum 31.

< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. previously used as a skating rink. are a seal and a turtle. < previous page page_98 next page > . not noted on the plan. The sculptures. All are inviting to the touch. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The oval. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair.

A.R.A. Landscape Architect. . F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.

horsemint Justicia brandegeana. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. duckweed Antennaria. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Nepeta cataria. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. English Tussilago farfara. bee balm Satureja montana. marigold Salvia officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. bee orchid Erigeron. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. cowslip Linaria. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. dog violet Lemna. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. coltsfoot Mimulus. Allium schoenoprasum. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. tansy Monarda didyma. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens.Hedeoma pulegioides. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. fleabane Stellaria. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. borage Tanacetum vulgare. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. Greek Stachys byzantina. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. mint Galium odoratum. mint Tagetes. fat-hen Primula veris. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. Foeniculum vulgare. Trifolium pratense. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. chamomile Mentha. winter savory Mentha.

feverfew. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. it is a most satisfying growing situation. an exceedingly long one. for an old barn foundation of stone. A number of wooden window frames. Its plant list. and old barn beams another about the same height. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Still. developed particularly for study. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. are superb for displaying potted herbs. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. a mint. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. its wooden structure long gone. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. Their height eases the task of weeding. Here. Instead. < previous page page_101 next page > .

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

A.Lavandula angustifolia. mosquito plant 19.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. golden lemon thyme 99. golden thyme 98. creeping veronica .T. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. beach 47. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. 66. St. woolly thyme 101.Calamintha grandiflora. stellerana.A.-John'swort 91.O.Alchemilla vulgaris. plantain 80.Physalis heterophylla. silver thyme 105. basilicum 56.Marrubium vulgare. sweet 53.Aloysia triphylla. white creeping thyme 97. absinthe 51. lemon verbena 106.Rubia tinctorum.Plantago major.T.Nepeta mussinii. arcticus 'Albus'. apple wormwood geranium 8. praecox subsp. 1. bee balm lovage 20. richardii subsp. officinalis 'Aurea'.Viola tricolor. lemon 52. sweet cicely 94. 44. arcticus 'Coccineus'.P. graveolens. caraway thyme 103. variegated garden sage 87.T. purple variegated garden sage 85. didyma 'Rosea'. skirret 90. praecox subsp.Angelica archangelica.S.A. basilicum 'Minimum'. French tarragon geranium 7. lemon thyme 100.Agastache cana. rue 83.Stachys grandifora 93. lesser 67.P.T.49. rosemary 82. tomentosum.Veronica serpyllifolia.Sempervivum tectorum. 'Purpurascens'. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. southernwood houseleek 12. pontica.Melissa officinalis. 55.A.Ocimum basilicum. marsh mallow 13. balm horehound 14. abrotanum.Thymus praecox subsp.Asarum canadense.O.P. officinalis 'Tricolor'. wormwood germander 9. fern-leaf tansy 95.Agastache foeniculum.Campanula rapunculus. 48.Pulmonaria officinalis. camphorata.M.Stachys officinalis. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. southernwood ground cherry 10. alpine savory 89.Hyssopus officinalis.T. 61. absinthium. viper's 65. majorana.Chelidonium majus. × citriodorus. 64. Roman 46. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Salvia officinalis. golden variegated garden sage 86. basil blue hyssop 15. celandine madder 79.Lychnis coronaria. 50.Digitalis purpurea.Teucrium chamaedrys. pallasianus.Euphorbia cyparissias. onites. officinalis 'Purpurea'. foxglove cypress spurge 21. 'Clear Gold'.Ruta graveolens. rose sativa. odoratissimum. bee balm57.T 'Argenteus'.Acinos alpinus. golden marjoram 26. odorous thyme 104. crispum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Geranium robertianum. crimson creeping thyme 96.T.O. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. angelica lemon geranium 5.Sium sisarum.Echium vulgare. catmint 63.A.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. rose costmary campion 23.Rosmarinus officinalis.O. nitidus. 43. yarrow herb Robert 4.Monarda didyma.Satureja montana.Viola odorata.A. wild lemon basil ginger 16.S. 60. betony 92. pot marjoram bugloss 27. rampion 81. herba-barona. garden sage 84. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.O.Ranunculus ficaria.Galium odoratum.Myrrhis odorata. foxglove 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Hypericum perforatum. thyme 102.Digitalis lanata.Campanula persicifolia.Achillea millefolium.Genista tinctoria.Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet violet 40.Althaea officinalis. pot marigold 25. camphor. calamint valerian 24. sweet 41. 45.Tanacetum vulgare var. 54. winter savory 88. pink 58. 62.T.T. purple basil English lavender 18.Levisticum officinale. Grecian 59. 42. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Pelargonium crispum.Valeriana officinalis.S.

chamomile 30.cepa. cowslip 72. orach115. spicata. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. feverfew cinerariifolium.Primula veris.A.Mentha suaveolens.Origanum vulgare. oxeye daisy mullein 36. orange mint 32. pineapple mint 31.Anthriscus cerefolium. garlic 111. Madonna lily leucanthemum. spearmint 107.Verbascum thapsus.Chrysanthemum 78. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Myrtus communis. yucca 109.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Isatis tinctoria. 71.Allium sativum. veronica 108. apple mint 69. pin cherry 39.M.Chamaemelum nobile. wild 116.Oenothera biennis. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Laurus nobilis. Proliferum Group.Yucca filamentosa. dyer's woad 110. suaveolens 'Variegata'. chicory 70.A. 114. chervil 68.V.29.Dianthus plumarius 75. tree onion 112. ostrowskianum 34.Veronica officinalis.Helichrysum angustifolium.Lysimachia vulgaris. citrata.Chrysanthemum parthenium. × gentilis. 76.Atriplex hortensis.Symphytum officinale.M.M.Lilium candidum. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. 73. red mint comfrey 33.Origanum dictamnus.Chrysanthemum 74.Cichorium intybus.M. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . moth 113.Prunus pensylvanica. × piperita var. curry plant mullein 35. blattaria. evening 77.

not just hiding it. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Francis. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. < previous page page_104 next page > . of good proportion for the size of the opening. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. but not obvious. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. A statue of St. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A wheelshaped bed. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. its outline constructed of brick.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

mullein Convolvulus cneorum. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Vetiveria zizanioides. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Eleocharis dulcis. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. labdanum Cistus crispus. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. Cestrum nocturnum. potato Brassica eruca. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. only those not found on other lists are noted here. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA IV Ixia maculata. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. AREA VI japonica. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. white Justicia carnea. poet's Solidago californica. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. menthifolia. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. cat Watsonia rosea. loquat Cichorium intybus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. lion's-ear prismaticum. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Eriobotrya japonica.

The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. One is a garden of legends. The exterior brick path. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. < previous page page_106 next page > . a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. emphasizes the circle. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. another a Mary garden. an "old rose" and fragrant. or potpourri. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. scented-leaf geraniums. to name a few.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. is a center of interest. but also for proper leaf size. and a third a culinary garden. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. not only for hardiness where needed.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

costmary 6. pyrethrum 5. yellow 25. angelica 2. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Rosmarinus officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. black 23. absinthe 4.Origanum majorana. 1.Alchemilla vulgaris. blue 18. Viola tricolor.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number. English ivy rosemary 8.Calendula officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Narcissus mustard 14.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dill 11. garden up sage 10. Chamaemelum nobile. Artemisia absinthium. Linum usitatissimum.Lamium album.20. white dead 24. Chrysanthemum balsamita. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . spearmint 22. chamomile 3.Galium verum. English thyme 13.Crocus sativus.Brassica nigra.Santolina chamaecyparissus. flax 17. chive bedstraw 16. sweet 21.Salvia officinalis. saffron crocus marigold 7. Angelica archangelica. hyssop rose 9. Anethum graveolens. 27.Hedera helix. sweet marjoram basil 12. pot 26. Johnny-jump.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.19. rue 28. Hyssopus officinalis.Ruta graveolens. lady's.

The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. < previous page page_108 next page > . Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits.

smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rue Malva alcea var. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Cotinus coggygria. spearmint Mentha × piperita. bay Echeveria × imbricata. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. perennial flax Galium odoratum. Myrrhis odorata. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. clove Marrubium vulgare. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. beach Monarda didyma. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. fastigiata. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. Artemisia absinthium. blue Lamium maculatum. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Russian 'Prostratus'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. sweet Myrtus communis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. thyme Cnicus benedictus. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis.

where paths enter an area or take a different direction. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. too. and huge. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. Appropriately used as accents. features a closed knot of superior design. This is a general rule observed. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. The generous use of edgings. < previous page page_110 next page > . old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. Viewed from the terrace garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. simply on a smaller scale.

cheddar pink 4.Hyssopus officinalis. germander 2. Routine clipping is required. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Design plan of herb garden 1. Landscape Architect. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Santolina virens.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.L. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. lavender 5. The number in each planting area is the key number. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. that of good proportion. blue hyssop 3.Teucrium chamaedrys. six feet in diameter.A. gray santolina 7. green santolina 6. has its size dictated by a rule of design. 'Tiny Rubies'. dwarf box . of greater size than is commonly found. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.S. A. and the mulch.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.

Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. dogwood Pinus nigra. box Myrica pensylvanica. box Calycanthus fioridus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. beach plum Corylus avellana.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. shadbush Salix caprea. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. goat willow Sassafras albidum. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. plum Prunus maritima. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. black haw Prunus americana. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. quince Magnolia virginiana. japonica. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. honey locust Cornus florida. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'.

Currently. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. leucotrichus T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. praecox subsp. and a miscellany of others. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. However. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. caraway thyme T. arcticus T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Annie Hall' T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. herba-barona. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. As a rule. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Argenteus'. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. silver thyme T. its plant material varied. Rosmarinus. doerfleri T. 'Doone Valley' . Salvia. praecox subsp. Lavandula. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages.

officinalis 'Prostratus' R. golden rosemary R. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. heterophylla. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. golden variegated sage S. praecox subsp. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Mexican bush sage S. leucantha. dentata. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. officinalis 'Prostratus'. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. anise sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. woolly thyme T. autumn sage S. angustifolia 'Rosea' L.T. pine-scented rosemary R. blue sage S. praecox subsp. ramie . angustifolia. guaranitica. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustissimus. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. involucrata. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. sweet lavender L. 'Clear Gold'. greggii. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustifolia subsp. golden thyme T. English lavender L.

Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. horsetail. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Sium sisarum. Physostegia virginiana. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Smith. to sweeten the air. Hesperis matronalis. for scrubbing pots. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. constructed of brick made on the property. Equisetum arvense. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. L. The apple trees. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. obedient plant. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. used in salads or boiled. a well beside the house. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Cheloneglabra. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Primarily. The house. family needsmedicinal. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. rupturewort. Circumstances determined these priorities. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. to lure bees. Prunella vulgaris. balmony. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Herniaria glabra. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. culinary. which were located between the water supply.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife.

This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. for a few are in use now. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. too. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. too. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. < previous page page_116 next page > . while functional. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Today. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Lonicera flava. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Prunus angustifolia. 15.Malus angustifolia.Pinus taeda.Sambucus canadensis.Wisteria frutescens.Laurus nobilis. 1.Lonicera sempervirens. rosemary 2. southern laciniata. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Ficus carica. garlic 9. 16.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa banksiae. pomegranate 3.Punica granatum.Allium sativum. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . Gardenia jasminoides. Cape jasmine 10. Banksia rose 14. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Lagerstroemia indica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Syringa × persica var. trumpet 11. yellow 12. fig 6. bay 7. wisteria 13.

They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Italy. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. The effect would be quite different without them. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. < previous page page_118 next page > . All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Appropriately. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. too.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

clove 36. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . 63.Punica granatum. peony 51. wild ginger69.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Asclepias tuberosa.Rubus allegheniensis.Ilex opaca. fennel 40.Dipsacus sativus. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Mentha × piperita.Symphytum officinale. peppermint 52. spearmint 62.Rosa laevigata. 70. dogwood horehound 18.Colchicum autumnale.Teucrium chamaedrys.Tanacetum vulgare.Ilex vomitoria. basil chive 3.Paeonia officinalis.Lonicera sempervirens. pot 48. trumpet honeysuckle 4. yellow-root 7.Lindera benzoin. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Cimicifuga racemosa.Cornus florida.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. box chamomile 9. sweet flag marigold 24.Achillea millefolium. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. sweet 27. dill 39.Hamamelis virginiana.Lobelia siphilitica. saffron crocus 25.Ruta graveolens. American holly 16.Armoracia rusticana.Hypericum perforatum. yarrow lungwort 22.Artemisia dracunculus var. myrtle 53.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha spicata. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. butterfly 32.Mentha pulegium. blue 44. agrimony 58. 42. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 33.Calendula officinalis. 60. sativa. garden sage 59. senna woodruff 15.Chamaemelum nobile.Elizabeth Lawrence. yaupon pink southernwood 12. 55.Anethum graveolens. lemon 26.Acorus calamus.Lavandula angustifolia. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Galium odoratum.Chimaphila umbellata.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Nepeta cataria.Gaultheria procumbens.Cassia marilandica. bee balm 28. hyssop sassafras 20.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Crocus sativus. mullein 49. 54.Ocimum basilicum. balm autumn crocus 2. 37. blue 46.Populus balsamifera. tansy 65.Foeniculum vulgare.Digitalis purpurea. great 47. 1. 50. St. catnip 34.Agrimonia eupatoria.Buxus sempervirens.Laurus nobilis. 43. sweet shrub 10.Hyssopus officinalis.Monarda didyma. 38. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Vinca minor. 61.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Sassafras albidum.Artemisia abrotanum. lovage 35.Pulmonaria officinalis. rue 56.Salvia officinalis. fuller's teasel 67.Melissa officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus. 68. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Asarum virginicum. 30.57. horsemint lobelia 23.Calycanthus fioridus. sweet 64.Verbascum thapsus. 45.Monarda punctata. black 29.Borago officinalis.Lilium candidum. borage 31.Pinckneya pubens. 66. foxglove 41.

preventives. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. In any event. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. of herbs for one loaf of bread. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. 1 T. and fragrances they developed. This is true for the remedies. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. < previous page page_120 next page > . thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this.

Marrubium vulgare. English 10.Viburnum prunifolium. caraway 19. foxglove 12.Carum carvi. sweet marjoram 6.Cydonia oblonga.Artemisia absinthium.Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet basil 13. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Pyrus communis.Mentha spicata. black haw 23.Nepeta cataria.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. tansy 11. lavender lovage 3.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. horsemint 20. 14.Rosmarinus officinalis. absinthe 9.Lavandula angustifolia. spearmint 17.Satureja montana.Mentha × piperita.Papaver somniferum. garden sage 8.Origanum majorana. catnip 16. winter savory 4. pot marigold 2. quince 24. blue hyssop 21. apothecary's rose 22. horehound 15. opium poppy 5.Digitalis purpurea. peppermint 18.Ocimum basilicum. English thyme rosemary 7.Tanacetum vulgare.Monarda punctata. 1. Calendula officinalis.

from early Moravian settlements. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. often it is reconstructed. Allowed such freedom of expression. Some could be used singly. centrally located. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. makes it something of a focal point. and if the best has not always survived. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. for example the large square bed with circular path. The main paths of brick unify the garden. The beds are used to achieve balance. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. the other 1761. Thus it was for this garden. to study it. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Shaded by hop vines. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. < previous page page_122 next page > . and bricks raise the beds. one dated 1759. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage.

A. Landscape Architect. Campbell. . A.L.S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.

black cumin 46. 54.Pulmonaria officinalis.Petroselinum crispum.Salvia viridis.Clematis virginiana.Coriandrum sativum. rue 14.Gelsemium sempervirens.Narcissus tazetta.Passiflora incarnata. lavender rose 21. spearmint 57.Nigella sativa.Atriplex hortensis.Crocus sativus. 68.Anethum graveolens. clary 30. eglantine Group.Salvia officinalis. corn poppy 79. lemon 64.Rosa gallica. chamomile 17.Rubia tinctorum.Saponaria officinalis.Rosa roxburghii. betony 82.Rosa centifolia. French rose 18.Inula helenium. cockscomb 47. virgin's bower 40.Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha × piperita. 80. hop southernwood 39.Levisticum officinale.Rosa moschata.Artemisia absinthium. sweet 71.77.Stachys officinalis.Colchicum autumnale.Humulus lupulus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Narcissus poeticus. yarrow 4.Artemisia vulgaris.Rosa eglanteria. orach 76.Salvia sclarea.Ficus.Lagerstroemia indica.Melissa officinalis. 74. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. asparagus 31. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. elecampane 11.Matthiola incana. blue 69.Celosia cristata. absinthe 45. parsley 32. madder 16.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Asparagus officinalis. mugwort67. 66. 81. comfrey 33. 52.Cercis canadensis. hollyhock 51.Ocimum basilicum.Nepeta cataria. borage 5.Ruta graveolens. polyanthus narcissus 60.Tanacetum vulgare. annual clary 3.Papaver rhoeas. rhubarb 10.Tropaeolum minus.Borago officinalis.Consolida ambigua. Madonna lily 59. stock 50.Allium sativum. caraway 72.Rosmarinus officinalis. redbud 24.Allium schoenoprasum.Amaranthus caudatus. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . autumn crocus 34.Mentha spicata.Carum carvi. 1. 48. fennel marjoram 28. English thyme 2.Origanum majorana. sweet 55.Rumex acetosa.Dianthus caryophyllus.Cnicus benedictus. grape larkspur 41.Hydrangea quercifolia. dill 73. English 78. poet's narcissus 61. tansy 6. sorrel 65.Artemisia abrotanum. love. chestnut rose 43. red pepper 20.Aquilegia vulgaris. daisy crape myrtle 23.Silybum marianum. damask coriander rose 19. garden nasturtium 12. holy thistle 58.Foeniculum vulgare.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Cornusflorida. lovage 9. cabbage angustifolia. blessed thistle 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dwarf nasturtium 13.Rosa damascena. hyssop maypop 42.Symphytum officinale. horehound 56. balm chive 37. saffron peppermint crocus 35. blue 63. basil moss rose 44. garden sage 15.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rosemary49. garlic lungwort 36.Alcea rosea.Bellis perennis.Armoracia rusticana. catnip 70. columbine 29.Althaea officinalis.Chamaemelum nobile.Lilium candidum.Rheum rhabarbarum. feverfew southern magnolia 27. 62.Tropaeolum majus.Vitis. clove 53.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Marrubium vulgare. Carolina jessamine 38.Magnolia grandiflora. marsh mallow 7.The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea millefolium.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. even boggy. Usually this is least desirable. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. and the north point is established. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. A ravine and existing. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. it is proper to make a trial run. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. the western. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Thus. far from the house. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Although some observations may seem obvious. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. This space was never adequate. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. First. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Calluna (heather). the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The lesser the scale. The next most desirable exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath).

all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. a driveway on still another. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. all four sides are so determined. Indeed. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. and the search did not take long.ground where drainage is better. another is close to the rear of the house. The general outline is similar. and the property line on the last. 77 provided the needed inspiration. but it need not be identical. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. certainly not precisely the same. The. as the drawing on p. 127 indicates. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Then. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The new herb garden has been located. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. The outline is fixed. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. There is the housegarage structure on one side. < previous page page_126 next page > . It was a pleasurable assignment. single bed.

One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. In fact. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. this low wall will enclose the garden area. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. then north. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. With the plan established. something is amiss. There was no . If all is well. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. forming the outer boundary of the service path. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. as in this case. In addition. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. Two drawings were required to work out problems.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. In this area. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. In the earlier stage of planning. however. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. Before edgings could be put in place. and the finished edging would be effective. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. However. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. A structural edging was in order. the site required some leveling. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. At corners. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. However. a lapped joint was fashioned. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. not one completed in a weekend. In this case. this was.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. admittedly. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. . eight. the eight-foot length was more practical. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

sand. This method of treatment now guarantees . A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. for they will likely have more traffic. leaves. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. filling the beds with soil was next. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Paving for the terraced area is brick. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. A choice of five colors was available. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. selected for its simplicity. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. this same base underlies all the paths. could serve this purpose. Unfortunately. Weeds. but there are exits to different levels. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. One is the ramp to the driveway. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. The pattern is running bond. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. had been proof of that. Aged compost. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Heavy black plastic. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix.

for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. However. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . worth the added cost. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. even bed for the pavers. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. on a trial run of one course of brick. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber.

Herbs have flourished in the beds. With the completion of the paths. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. converging where it was logical to do so. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain." their construction can be somewhat varied. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. since that path borders the house. and the steps to other levels. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. learned about decades earlier. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. Sometimes called "rubble drains. . for it would interfere with the drainage system. the terraced area. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. French drains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. In this instance. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed.

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for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. for example. casts the shadow for the hour. E EllipseAn oval. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. in tenths of an inch. is symmetrical. a garden plan. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. and so on. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. and so on. having a variety of gradations. Its arrow points north and. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. hundredths of an inch. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. sixteenths of an inch. for example. often a wall or trellis. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. twelfths of an inch. in inches. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. albula. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it.

MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. GrindstoneMillstone. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. its compartments filled with flowers. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. a patterned garden. or colored earths. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects.brick) in the same course. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Pea gravelSmall. turf. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. G GazeboA freestanding. M ManufactoryA factory. heated especially by fermenting manure. ForthrightA straight course or path. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs.3). Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. a flat. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. also called rubble drain. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. roofed structure usually open on the sides. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. rounded fragments of rock. Usually a few inches thick. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. loose.3.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. V VarietyA category below species. snug fit for walks. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. walls. or steps. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Turf seatBanked-up earth. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. called also a hose cock. R Rose. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. W Wall. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. cutting. often planted with aromatic herbs. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. not treelike or with a single trunk. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. TreillageLatticework for vines.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. < previous page page_132 next page > . Stone. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. ranking between species and variety. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms.

1951. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. New York: Macmillan. Hanging Plants for Home. Garden City: Doubleday. British Plants. L. Herbsfor Every Garden. London: Adam and Charles Black. Sevenoaks. 1935. Book of the Geranium.. Earle. Peter. Rosetta E. 1942. New York: Viking Press. Julia S. 1976. 1973. Toronto. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. S.: Geo. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sydney: B. 1902. Gertrude B. Helen Morgenthau. Staff of. John.C.. . 1979.. Dutton & Co. New York: Macmillan.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Herbals. and Accessories. Mo. 1957. New York: Dover. 1972. Gertrude B. Foster. London: Marshall Cavendish.. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. New York: Macmillan. The Garden (An Illustrated History). 1966. Harriet Ballard. Terrace. H. Foley. New York: Crown Publishers. W. 1966. L. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. The Small Garden. New York: Macmillan. Green Enchantment. Beston. New York. 1961. Roses. Robert Lee. and Garden. Brownlow. 1933. New York: Hawthorne Books. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 1938. 1962. London. Behme. Complements. Doran & Co. Fox. 1980. 1970. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L.. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Agnes. Clarkson.: Buckeye Printing Co. Carpenter. Prof. Seal. Garden Design. Coats. 1972. 1951. Rosemary F. London: Macmillan. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Jot. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Helen H. Room Outside. Foster. Bardswell. London: Saturn Press. Greenwood. New York: G. Margaret E. Putnam's Sons. Sylvia. New York: Viking Press. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Berrall. Independence. . 1971. Crowe. 1977. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1911. Park Seed Co. John Philip. ed. 1980. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. London: Country Life. 1971. Batsford. Hortus Third. 1963. 1982. The Cultivated Basils. John E. Baumgardt. Kent: The Herb Farm. Darrah. New York: Simon and Schuster. Liberty Hyde. . Brookes. P. 1958. Daniel J. How Plants Get Their Names. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Herbs and the Earth. Henry. Bailey Hortorium. Flannery. The Herb Garden. New York: E. Aurora. Charlotte. 1944. H. Edlin. Bailey. Frances A. and Louden. Erichsen-Brown. Park's Success with Herbs. Cross. Alice Morse. P. 14701670. T.

How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property.. 1974.. Toronto: Little. Muenscher. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Lawrence. Vegetable Dyeing.. The Herb Garden. ed.. Carol. How to Select. Pa. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Edited by Clarence Elliott. The Book of Spices. Eleanour Sinclair. Boston.. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Paul B. Loewenfeld. Books. New York: William Morrow and Co. 1972. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Co.. New York: Van Nostrand. Flowers of the Field. Vicenza. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Amy Bess. Hay. 1969. P. A. Myron. Rosengarten. Lawrence. Grieve. Grow and Enjoy. 1952.: Herald Publishing Co. 1975. Kiaer. Hendrickson. 1959. N. 1974. Pozza. 1983. Potter. Sylva. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Howard. Cherokee Plants. Lerner. 1964. Loewenfeld. and Brunello.. New York: Doubleday. George H. 1911. 1971. 1979. Miller. 1946. and Back. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Dorothy Bovee. Patrick M. New York: William Morrow & Co. Johnson. 1961.. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. A Biblical Garden. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants.. 1951. Bernard Hickey. 1976. 2d ed. and Rice. A Garden of Herbs. J. Shaker Herbs. 1938. Frances. Roses of the World in Color. 1970. Ann. Krauss. Jones. Rev. London: Faber and Faber. Elizabeth. New York: De La Mare. Claire. Herbs. and Chiltoskey. chemist.. London: George Routledge & Sons.: Livingston Pub. The Art of Dyeing. Wynnewood. 1966. Waltham. (1st American edition trans.Garland. Early American Gardens. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Lathrop. Leighton.: Chronica Botanica Co. The Berry Book. 1975. Plants of the Bible. Eigel. Simmons.C. 1981. 1970. New York: E. Gardens in Winter. Helen K. Walter.) Rohde. 1978. Brown & Co. Lesch. Mary U. C. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Dutton & Co. 1981. Loyal R. . 1976. Robert. Hamel. New York: Clarkson N. Landscaping with Vines. Mass. Mrs. Alice Recknagel. New York: Dover. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. and Synge.. Tucson: H. Franco. Modern Herbal. Claire. Neri. 1971. Frederic. 1969. New York: Harper & Bros. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. New York: Macmillan. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Boston. Moldenke. Italy. 1973. New York: Crown Publishers. Roy. New York: Macmillan. New York: Macmillan. Harold N. 1982. Jr. New York: Dover. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. P. New York: Viking Press. and Alma L. Norma Jean. McFarland. Alma. Ireys.. M. Philippa. M. Sarah. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. < previous page page_133 next page > . Adelma G. Johns. Division Billboard Publications. Horace.

Associate. Vera Breed. Katherine S. Barbara Capen.A. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mrs. L. Leonie. Martin. New York: Farrar. New York: St. James C.. Plants of the Bible. Martha Dahlen. Martin's Press. Berkeley Brandt. Hammond Crawford. A. Stearn. L.A.. Sherry D. Winthrop G. John Poinier. Louise Beebe. William T. Charles L. Christopher. Rev. Mrs. 1961. Mrs. L. Henry Gund.... The Fragrant Garden.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.The Old Shrub Roses.. Herbs in the Garden..... George T.A. Climbing Roses Old and New. A. L. Robert K. Nelva M. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. New York: Simon & Schuster. Revised by Dr. Melissa R. Taloumis. The History of Gardens. Graham. Rhoda Specht. 1972. Austin R. L. 1931. Charlotte. Jr. Taylor. Virginia B. New ed. Thacker. 1942. ed. Mrs. ed. Norman. Vivian. Vt. Neil Hamill Park. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Maxton Davies. Morss. L. Zohary. Leonard Dreyfuss. Meyer.A. Shrub Roses of Today. Keebler. Mrs. 1982. Robert G. 1965. Tarantino. Toronto: Van Nostrand. and Robert B. Mrs. Mrs. Esther. Moffit.. Jr. Bynam. White. Mrs. A. Malcolm. Marion E. L. New York: Hafner.: Garden Way. W T. William Radler. New York: William Farquhar Payson. 1953. . Botanical Latin. Indianapolis. Susan W. . H. Mrs.. William C. 1967. 1976. L.. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. London: Phoenix House.A. F. 1966.L. Michael.A. Marshall. Jo Lohmolder. James D.R. Frank M. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape.L. Landscape Architecture.A.A.. Webster. Bates. Yang.. A. Giroux. Small Gardens Are More Fun. . New York: Dover. Paxton. New York: St. Gannaway. Raymond V. 1953. Sandy Hicks. John Ormsbee. Mrs. A. and Mrs. Hines. Thomas. L. Alfred L. Martin's. The Shakespeare Garden. William W. Toronto: Van Nostrand.A. Mrs. New York.. Container Gardening Outdoors. The Fragrant Year.A. Madalene Hill. L. Hale & Co.D. L. Herbert G. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. John. Mrs. Helen Van Pelt. Bleecker. Graham Stuart. C. Elisabeth W. Philip Batchelder. Mrs. Cozart. 1957. Mrs. W. Ingersoll. William Y Dear.A.A. Peter M. New York: Doubleday. McGarry. Z. Smith.A. Mrs.. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Mrs. Straus. 1974. 1975. Pees. . Baker. 1979.A. L. Bradner. Building Stone Walls. T. George. 1962. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Linda.. Donald Paxton.. 1979.S. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Amy Bess Miller. Charles Patch. Plimpton. Jr.A. Wilson.L. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Benjamin McF. Bush. Mrs.S. 1976. Campbell. New York: McGraw-Hill. Fragrance in the Garden. Margaret Osborn Holt. Helen Noyes. 1972. Jack Emil Geist.A. Elizabeth Lawrence. Wilder. London: Phoenix House. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. 1979. Griffin. Singleton. L. Mrs. and Bell. Mrs. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mr..A. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. Stearn. Weber.. Mrs. Lamm.. L. Mrs. New York. Price. Boerner. Boston: Ralph T. New York: William Morrow & Co. Lucile Teeter Kissack. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.A. Diane C.S. 1972. William T. Stuart.

Mr.A. Mrs. N. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Mrs. Tullie Smith House Restoration. John A. Weeks Brick House.I. Jean Ruh. Boerner Botanical Gardens.. Joan E. Mansfield. Cleveland. Helen M. Mrs. Whitman.A. Eloise andJo Ray. Frederick E. Lawrence Schetky. Michigan State University.. Isadore L. Elbert Smith.. Milton Stricker.H..A...C. Greenland. Eric Duke Scott. Old Salem. James S. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Plain Dealer Photo. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Milton C. Mrs.. Winston-Salem. Walter Rebmann. and Mrs.. Hancock Shaker Village. Smith (Ann Leighton). Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Kingwood Center. The Country Doctor Museum. Atlanta Historical Society. L. The following provided historical. Pawtucket. G. Ohio.. Old Slater Mill Museum. Joe H. Architect. Christopher Spencer.. Wisc. Faith H. Ark. Gayle... Matthew Miksch House. University of Michigan. Shaker Community. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Inc. Mich. Harper. Western Reserve Herb Society.. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. James F. Skinner. Booker Worthen. Ga. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. R. Mrs. Ohio. Hales Corners. Derthick.A. Rose. Timothy Procter Ruh. Inc. Bailey. Mrs. Little Rock. L. Talbot III. Christopher Rady.. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Ann Arbor. Linda Yang. N. Roberts. Mrs. L. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Mrs. Hancock.. Atlanta. Edmund G. Swanson. Wilcox. < previous page page_134 next page > . N. Linda Yang. L. Mass.Rady. Semple. L. Nathan Sameth. Mrs. Mich. Lansing. civic.C.

hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Narcissus triandrus. A. Myrrhis odorata. C. maritima L. E. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. A. azoricum. Y smalliana Agrimonia. barbadensis A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. officinalis. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum .

ludoviciana var. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. S. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. F. Solanum aculeatissimum S. lycopersicum. officinalis. grandiflorus Melissa M. albula A. podagraria Asparagus A. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. false Galium aristatum. V. G. V. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. M. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. P. laevis Rhododendron . Lamium album Viburnum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. officinalis Populus. P. melongena var. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. acerifolium. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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M. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. vulgaris A. angustifolia. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. oleracea. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. chrysantha Symphytum S. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. P. B. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. alpina 'Alba' A. Mertensia virginica. deltoides Campsis radicans. coronaria .

vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. ioensis Vaccinium. maculatum G. V. alpinum R. alpinum R. coronaria. M. C. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Italian D Daffodil M. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. angustifolia. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . N. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. pseudonarcissus miniature N. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. M. B. macrocarpon. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. B. V.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. verna. sativum R.

obtusifolius Rumex R. crispus. rivieri. Chrysanthemum frutescens. obtusifolius R. frutescens C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Ferocactus latispinus. Hosta H. A. H. triphyllum . Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. lilioasphodelus. R. C. R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. lilioasphodelus H. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. x superbum Hemerocallis. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. acetosa. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. T officinale Bellis. A. Sansevieria. D.

gymnocarpa. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Senecio cineraria. damascena. S. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. N. N. arvensis. C. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. C. Lychnis coronaria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Antennaria. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . azoricum Nigella. ragusina. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Centaurea cineraria. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. N. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. pungens Sambucus S. Helichrysum.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Gnaphalium.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. P. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. A. regalis Adiantum. carica Corylus C. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. versicolor. I. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.× germanica I. I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. L. carica F. O. perenne . Osmunda. usitatissimum L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.

× hortorum P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. sylvatica Digitalis D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lanata D. grossularioides P radens P. odoratissimum P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sativum var. lutea Allium sativum A. I. neapolitanum A. sphaerocephalum A. × germanica Myosotis M. scorodoprasum A. Pelargonium. quercifolium P. Fumaria C. tuberosum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. P. × limoneum P. purpurea D.

virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. T. pratensis . × jatrophifolium P. denticulatum P. tomentosum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. canadense. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. abrotanifolium P. A. canadense T. Z. officinale Z. quercifolium P. T. chamaedrys T. crispum P. A. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. × nervosum P. Tragopogon. graveolens P. P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. tomentosum P. glutinosum. × citrosum P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. capitatum P. scabrum P graveolens P.

Vitis monticola. M. nervosa V. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. torquata E. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Oxalis deppei. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. V. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium.

H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

W. triacanthos G. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. L. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. C. G. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Sempervivum Lobelia L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. majalis Liriope. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Ophiopogon L. Pulmonaria . Lythrum. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium.

pedatum Hibiscus. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. lucida . M.blue M Mace. erecta T. C. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. Malva. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. Malva. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. alcea var. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. erecta T. erecta T. patula Calendula officinalis T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. grandiflora M. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. tenuifolia T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. A.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

aquatica var. × piperita var. requienii M. S. O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. piperita var. major. Astrantia. citrata. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. dictamnus O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. vulgare O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. majorana O. suaveolens M. vulgare O. citrata M. R. onites O. citrata M. majorana O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. A. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. × piperita var. crispii M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . citrata M. odorata Achillea millefolium. Spiraea alba. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M.

Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . thapsus V. olympicum. lactiflora Morus M. A. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. V. V. communis.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. alba Verbascum. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Umbellularia californica. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Myrrhis odorata. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. × gentilis M. Azolla caroliniana. M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Myrtus. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. vulgaris A. rubra M.

opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. minus T. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. poeticus N. L. P. nudum. tazetta Tropaeolum T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. majus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. V.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album L.

Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. S. I. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. hortensis A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Scilla verna. fistulosum Atriplex. cepa A. cepa. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. O. A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Castilleja californica. cepa. florentina. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. telephium Iris × germanica var. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . fragrans O. vulgare var. fistulosum A. C.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. fragrans Allium. Proliferum Group A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. A.

sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. P. A.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. crispum P. P. patens. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. pulsatilla Passiflora P. crispum var. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora P. A. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. neopolitanum Pastinaca.

C. C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. P frutescens Catharanthus. annuum. Chenopodium. retroflexus. Marsilea Perilla. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. roseus C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Conoides Group Capsicum. C. annuum. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . frutescens C. C. annuum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. annuum. Grossum Group C. annuum. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group cone green C. A. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group C. annuum. annuum. Longum Group Capsicum. C. paniculata P. Piper C.

P salicina P angustifolia. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Silene laciniata. umbellata var. officinalis Dianthus D. americana . taeda P. alpinus D. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. gratianopolitanus D. plumarius D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. C. angustifolia var. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Prunus japonica. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Plantago P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. C. taeda Chimaphila. × paradisiaca. watsonii P maritima P. caryophyllus D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. M. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. umbellata var. P.

carnea Phytolacca americana P. biennis P. 0. S. rhoeas P. E. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera P. vulgare Lithospermum. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. L. Liriodendron tulipifera P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.

< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. R. coccineum C. C. pepo Portulaca. sativum var. pepo C. Hesperis . canadensis C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. P. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Diplotaxis. A. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. rhabarbarum R. C.

banksiae R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. Rosa chinensis R. Rubus coronarius R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. canina. centifolia R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. damascena 'Bifera' R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. spinosissima R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × harisonii R. gallica R. sativa Rosa R. damascena R. moschata . canina R. × borboniana R. R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R. × borboniana Kerria. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. chinensis 'Minima' R. laevigata R.

S. caerula. azurea subsp. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. greggii S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. sclarea S. rugosa R. Rosmarinus. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. setigera R. pitcheri S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. microphylla S. × rehderana R. angustissimus R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. officinalis S. officinalis Limonium R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. R. Salvia hierosolymitana . clevelandii S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. guaranitica S.

maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. marilandica Amelanchier . chamaecyparissus S. virens. elegans S. C. S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. P. viridis S. guaranitica S. S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. T. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. leucophylla S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. montana Scabiosa S. chamaecyparissus S. hebecarpa. Salicornia. leucantha S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. halimus Crithmum maritimum. A. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. maritimum E. S. neapolitana S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. C. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. nivalis Lamium album. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. biflorum . Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. C. coggygria. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. americana. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. P. P. V.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. G. coggygria Cotinus. coggygria C.

sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. japonica Sorbaria. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. R. officinalis thyme-leaved V. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Ornithogalum arabicum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. L. scutatus R. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. pyrenaicum. O. patulum. V. O. S. crassipes O. E. H. H.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . acetosa.

typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vulgare var. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. crispum T. vesca F. T vulgare T. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. C. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. O. incana M. dracunculus var. O. floridus Philadelphus . vesca F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. M. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. incana M. chiloensis F. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. vulgare var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. perennis.

vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. 'Argenteus' T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. marianum S. marianum S. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. maritima Thymus. A.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. E. benedictus. arcticus T. sylvestris D. 'Broad-leaf English' T. praecox T. 'Clear Gold' T. C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . citriodorus 'Aureus' T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. Silybum marianum S. phaenopyrum C. laevigata Eupatorium. pallasianus T. × citriodorus T. praecox subsp. T.

Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. lycopersicum var. Physalis peruviana L. L. alata Lycopersicon. radicans Bignonia capreolata. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. peruviana P. Coreopsis Linaria. cerasiforme. noli-tangere. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. sanctum O. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. sanctum Tulipa T. praecox subsp. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. P. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. I. pruinosa. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. P. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . lycopersicum var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. C.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. lycopersicum L.

longifolia Chamaelaucium. officinalis Polemonium. canina. V riviniana Viola odorata V. P. cornuta V. Chimaphila. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. caprea . Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. C. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. cornuta 'Alba' V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. caeruleum Clematis. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. odorata V. V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. C. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V.

tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Gaultheria procumbens. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. nudum Isatis I. Corydalis sempervirens A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. ambrosioides Artemisia. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. camphorata A. frigida A. I. Stachys . W. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. pontica. absinthium A. V. Vanilla barbellata A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. S. gmelinii A. verticillata Chimaphila. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. caprea. annua A.

× media 'Hicksii' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . filipendulina A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. simplicissima Cladrastis.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. millefolium A. taygetea A. I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. vomitoria I. X. C. ageratum A. lutea.

breviflora A. monkshood helmut flower. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . theophrasti Acacia A.. blue giant hyssop. nose-bleed. ageratum A. fourcroydes sweet flag. fragrant g. fennel g. alpinus Aconitum A. Indian mallow. cana A. calamus Adiantum A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. pedatum Agastache A. foeniculum Agave A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. butter-print. maidenhair American maidenhair.. five-finger f. yarrow sneezeweed. taygetea A.. thousand-seal. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. maidenhair fern. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. h. sanguinary. calamus maidenhair fern. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. millefolium A. monkshood flowering maple. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. napellus Acorus A. Indian mallow China jute. lion's tail anise hyssop. parlor m. longifolia Achillea A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. h.

harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. fistulosum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. karataviense A. schnittlauch giant garlic . ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A.A.. rosea Alchemilla A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. ophioscorodon A. neapolitanum A. Spanish o. cocklebur. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. flowering o. Japanese bunching o. serpent garlic chive. vulgaris Allium A.. giganteum A. alpina A. sativum A. reptans Alcea A. two-bladed o. cive. schoenoprasum A. Pulchellum A. senescens var. eupatoria Agrostemma A. lily leek daffodil garlic. sativum var. sisal hemp. sisalana Agrimonia A. Rosenbachianum A. christophii A. ciboule.. garlic rocambole. hemp plant agrimony. tree o.. scorodoprasum A. purple c. githago Ajuga A. flavum A. moly A. ostrowskianum A.

garlic c. shad. marschalliana A. cerefolium chervil angelica. officinarum Anchusa A. sphaerocephalum A. triphylla Althaea A. canadensis Amsonia A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. japonica A. barbadensis Aloysia A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. white m. Curasao a. pulsatilla Anethum A. shadbush. caudatus Amelanchier A. bugloss windflower.. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. officinalis Anemone A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. blanda A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A.. officinalis Amaranthus A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. tuberosum Aloe A.. juneberry.glaucum A. archangel. medicinal a. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. Barbados a. bugloss alkanet. tinctoria Anthriscus A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. Oriental garlic . hupehensis var.

vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. chrysantha A. graveolens var. European crowfoot bearberry. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > .Apium A. alpina 'Alba' A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.

< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. maritima Armoracia A. dracunculus var. mountain box. dracontium A. pink or white horseradish. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. asarabacca wild ginger. creashak green-dragon. annua A. lactiflora A. wormwood southernwood. triphyllum subsp. bear's grape. frigida A. gmelinii A. canadense A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. kinnikinick. camphorata A. pontica A. triphyllum A. albula A. mealberry. sea pink thrift. stewardsonii Armeria A. mugwort. rusticana Artemisia A. red cole sagebrush. Ludoviciana var. hog cranberry. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. virginicum bearberry. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. arborescens A. old man southernwood absinthe. europaeum A. sativa A. sandberry. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . uva-yrsi Arisaema A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A.

upland cress winter cress. vulgaris Beta milkweed. s. major Atriplex A. orach sea orach. i. plains f. hortensis B Baptista B. s. ruby s. australis B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. cool-tankard cole. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. wild indigo blue false indigo. papyrifera Boehmeria B. yellow r. mountain spinach false indigo.. tuberosa Asparagus A. tuberroot. officinalis Astrantia A. saltbush orach. mustard . Chinese silk plant. ruby s. China grass borage borage. garden o. rocket. nivea Borago B. tinctoria Barbarea B.Asclepias A. talewort. B. jaundice berry. c. c. c. halimus A. piprage beet swiss chard. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. perennis Berberis B. vulgaris Bellis B. wild indigo. pleurisy root.. butterfly flower butterfly weed. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. rattleweed winter cress. silkweed. wild blue i. vulgaris. c.

grandiflora Calendula C. white-flowered k.. officinalis Calycanthus C. pineapple s. microphylla var. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . strawberry s. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. microphylla 'Nana' B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice.B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. eruca B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. koreana B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. carpatica C.. sempervirens B.

C. o. sweet pepper.. o. p. p. persicifolia C. p. p. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. pimento sweet pepper s. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. rapunculus Campsis C. chili p. o. p. p. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. green p.. trumpet flower. p. trumpet vine. p. C.. s. o. o. red p. green p.. o. o. s. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. cow-itch. bell p. s. p.

nobile Chelidonium C. Tabasco p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.. ovata Cassia C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle.. chili p. cristata Cercis C. marilandica Catharanthus C. carvi Carya C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. garden c. shellbark h. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. Tabasco-sauce p.. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. majus Chelone cayenne p. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. frutescens Carthamus C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. celandine celandine turtlehead.. Madagascar periwinkle. illinoinensis C. red p. snakehead . Russian c. canariensis Cedrus C. bastard s. capsicum p... false saffron. tinctorius Carum C. senna. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. deodara Celosia C.

. wax flower.. devil's-darning- . barbe-de-capuchin. cinerariifolium C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. wintergreen. Spanish t. frutescens C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. crispus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. virgin's bower. fat hen ambrosia. mint geranium. rattletop black cohosh. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. alecost pyrethrum.. dwarf 1.C. glabra Chenopodium C. intybus Cimicifuga C. lutea Clematis C. coccineum C. Robert Brydon' C. leather flower.. ladanifer Citrus C. wormseed. leucanthemum C. parthenium C. botrys Chimaphila C. × superbum Cichorium C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. pigweed Mexican tea. umbellata Chionanthus C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. ambrosioides C. Dalmatia p. feather geranium. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. racemosa Cistus C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. Meyer 1. leather flower. American w. bonus-henricus C. balsamita C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. Chinese dwarf 1. virgilia virgin's bower. old-man's-beard costmary. pyrethum.

Chinese parsley dogwood. orientalis Convallaria C. cneorum Coptis C. ambigua C. red haw hawthorn English h. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. trifolia Coreopsis C. smoke plant. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . apiculatus Crataegus C. quick-set. peregrina Consolida C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. sativum Cornus C.. laevigata C. avellana Cotinus C. smokebush smoke tree. smokebush. majalis Convolvulus C. benedictus Coix C. thorn apple. florida Corylus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. autumnale Comptonia C.needle Cnicus C. arkansana C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. Venetian sumac. thorn.

Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. sempervirens Cydonia C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. West Indian 1.. speciosus 'Albus' C. maritimum Crocus C.C. citratus Cytisus C. gracilis Dianthus D. sativus C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur.. sieberi C. speciosus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . × allwoodii D. scoparius C. angustifolius C. kotschyanus C.

gas plant. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. lanata D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. grandiflora D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. pardalianches E Echeveria E. burning bush. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. sativus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. sylvestris Doronicum D. carnation.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss .

japonica Eryngium E. hyemale Eranthis E.. viridis Epimedium E. Australian gum. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. rugosum v. b. epimedium barrenwort. vulgare Elaeagnus E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. blueweed. californica Eucalyptus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. J. pungens Eleocharis E. S. poppy eucalypt. sea holm. perfoliatum E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. sea eryngo California poppy C. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . plum eryngo sea holly. dulcis Endymion E. gum tree. jacinth. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. ironbark. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.E. torquata Euonymus E. Japanese medlar. maritimum Eschscholzia E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. arvense E.

a. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgaris Foeniculum F. finocchio.Euphorbia E. ulmaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vulgare var. a. vulgare F.s. alpine s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. sow-teat s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. chiloensis F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. assafoetida Ficus F. vulgare subsp. vulgare F. a. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . cyparissias F Ferula F. major Fragaria F.s. imperialis Fumaria F.

verum Gardenia G. Capejasmine wintergreen. teaberry. Carolina jasmine G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. checkerberry. germanica G.. mollugo G. gardenia. spotted c. mountain tea. ground ivy. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. false baby's-breath woodruff.. virginiana Hedeoma H. field balm.. tinctoria Geranium G. sweet w. maculatum G. our-lady's-b. woodroof yellow bedstraw. wild c. cleavers white bedstraw. Carolina jessamine Genista G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. woodwaxen. alumroot herb Robert. hexapetala G Galanthus G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. runaway robin. robertianum Glechoma G. odoratum G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. mock p... jasminoides Gaultheria G.F. vernalis H. hederacea Gleditsia G. dyer's greenweed. honey locust. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. Carolina yellow j. triacanthos Gossypium G. nivalis Galium G. red Robin .

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Chinese hibiscus. sweet r. hibiscus kenaf.. Hawaiian h. curry plant false licorice. Indian hemp. bimlipatum j. niger H. lilioasphodelus H. atrorubens H. bimli j. lividus subsp. glabra Hesperis H. giant m. foetidus H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. × luteola Herniaria H. mallow. corsicus H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. rose m. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily.. garland 1. blacking plant plantain lily. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. arborescens Helleborus H.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. angustifolium H. licorice plant heliotrope. bastard jute. rose-of-China. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. flavescens Helenium H. Deckaner h. lemon d. Deccan h. orientalis Hemerocallis H. cannabinus H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. turnsole heliotrope..... daylily . China rose. matronalis Hibiscus H.

European h. box-leaved h. asiatica Hypericum H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. box-leaved h. navelwort gotu kola St. white h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. orangeroot. patulum 'Sungold' H. lupulus Hydrangea H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort.-John's-wort St.-John's-wort St. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. horned h.. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. crenata var. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. I. perforatum Hyssopus H. . rose h.H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H.

chinensis var. maculata J Jasminum J.. florentina I. officinale Juniperus J..I. crested dwarf i. pseudacorus Isatis I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. jewelweed. × germanica var. virginiana red cedar jasmine. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. snapweed. crested i. horizontalis creeping j. African corn lily corn lily orris.. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. yellow flag. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. water f. spotted t. tinctoria Inula I. touch-me-not jewelweed. opaca I. glabra I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. cristata I. tinctoria Ixia I. helenium Ipomoea I. wilsonii Impatiens I. 'Great Lakes' I. capensis Indigofera I. woad dyer's woad. alba Iris I. J. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.

nobilis Lavandula L. n. indica Lamium L... plume plant. maculatum L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. dentata L. flamingo p. n..Justicia water willow J. carnea Brazilian-plume. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. paradise p. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. d. sweet bay laurel. plume flower. angustifolia L. bay.. angustifolia subsp. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . white d. dentata var. dumb nettle. king'scrown L Lactuca L. album L.

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. sativum Leucojum L. marsh rosemary. hedge plant privet. blue cardinal flower . benzoin Linum L. lovage privet. chalcedonicum Limonium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. usitatissimum Liriope L. leonurus Leontopodium L. officinale Ligustrum L. perenne L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. candidum L. summer s. pepperwort. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. aestivum Levisticum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. muscari Lobelia L.

moonwort. satin flower honesty. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. cordata Magnolia M. coral h. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h.L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. coronaria 'Alba' L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. vulgaris Lythrum L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. lycopersicum var. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. gypsywort. money plant. catchfly mullein pink. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. penny f. silver-dollar.. stellata M. coronaria L. flava L. lycopersicum var. campion. maritima L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. europaeus Lysimachia L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. virginiana sweet alyssum. sempervirens Lunaria L. honesty. annua Lychnis L. grandiflora M.

Mahonia M... aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. vulgare Matthiola M. horsemint .. Virginia b. sweet b. × piperita M. officinalis Mentha M. lungwort bluebells.. b. bergamot m. musk m. Scotch m. Virginia c. apple m. stock stock. Oregon g. lemon m. incanum M. × gentilis M. pennyroyal Corsican m. holly barberry. 'Eau de Cologne' M. hupehensis Malva M. Brampton stock. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. alcea var. aquatica M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. curly m. pineapple m. 'Guiding Star' M. gillyflower. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint.. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. horsemint peppermint orange mint. bee b. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. angustifolia M. white h. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. citrata M. cowslip. holly mahonia.. American crab. mountain g. bluebells. pulegium M. fastigiata Marrubium M. blue barberry apple. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. menthella. holly g... incana Melissa M. longifolia M.. imperial stock balm lemon b. requienii M. × piperita var. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M.

scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sweet cicely.. Swedish m. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . banana abaca. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. swamp c. white bee balm pink b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. Oswego tea. citriodora M. textilis Myosotis M. fistulosa M. pink b. punctata Montia M. b. b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. red m. Greek myrtle. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. winter purslane. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. white b.M. anise. candleberry. myrrh. odorata Myrtus M. fistulosa var. sylvatica Myrica M. menthifolia M. American m.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

all-heal salad burnet. aspen. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. angustifolia P.Poncirus P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. lungwort blue 1. golden hardhack. brake bracken. five-finger shrubby c. Americana P. balsam p. persica Pteridium P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . granatum Pyrus P. widdy shrubby c. sand p. brake. elatior P. vulgaris Prunus P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. heal-all. pasture b. Jerusalem sage. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. cowslip self-heal self-heal.. hardy orange poplar. nepalensis P. domestica P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum.. tacamahac cinquefoil. pensylvanica P.. hog-pasture b. hackmatack. trifoliata Populus P. veris Prunella P. maritima P.

autumn damask r. 'Cinderella' R. red currant. moss r.. Bourbon r. chinensis 'Minima' R. garden c. small c. fairy r. stellata R Ranunculus R. . dog r.. eglanteria R. China r.Quercus Q. luteola Rhamnus R. × borboniana R. dog b. pilewort mignonette weld.. mountain c. alpinum R.. sativum Rosa R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. cabbage r.. pie plant. gallica damask r. brier Banksia r. pygmy r. gooseberry alpine c. rose. ficaria Reseda R. banksiae R. canina R. typhina Ribes R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. brier r. sweetbrier French r.. crowfoot lesser celandine. eglantine. purshiana Rheum R. York-and-Lancaster r. garden r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. moss r.

× rehderana R..'Officinalis' R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. chestnut r. prairie r. hirta Rumex R. musk r. tinctorum Rubus R. prostrate rosemary. acetosa R. Scotch r. spinosissima R. French sorrel rue . scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. moschata R. madder bramble blackberry.. Harison's yellow r. garden sorrel broad dock. climbing r. rosemary white r. 'Schneezwerg' R. climbing r. angustissimus R. wichuraiana R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock.. × harisonii R. bitter d. obtusifolius R. Japanese r. snowdwarf memorial r. chinquapin r. setigera R. roxburghii R. rugosa R. sorrel. golden p. Turkestan r.. Cherokee r. burnet r. r. laevigata R. polyantha r. rosemary pine-scented r. dock s.

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ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. Mexican bush s. purple g. clevelandii S. leucantha S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. golden g. bloodroot red puccoon. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. osier goat willow. purple sage baby sage garden sage. garden s. canadensis willow. pussy willow sage. gray sage. leucophylla S. caerula S. sclarea S. clary annual clary elder. viridis Sambucus S. variegated garden s. purple variegated garden s. bloodroot rue . elegans S. argentea S. caprea Salvia S. involucrata S. American e. elderberry American e. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. greggii S. s. guaranitica S. microphylla S.

mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory.. St. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.. good-luck plant. telephium Sempervivum S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. virens Saponaria S. pincushion flower pincushions.. canadensis Sansevieria S. morganianum S. marianum Sium S. mad apple . officinalis Sassafras S. albidum Satureja S. atropurpurea Sedum S. mourning-bride stonecrop. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. roof h.. trifasciata Santolina S. skirret potato vine eggplant. hortensis S. sisarum Solanum S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. hen-and-chickens. live-forever houseleek. Mary's t. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. devil's tongue. jasminoides S. lucky plant. blessed t. pinnata S. melongena var.Sanguisorba S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. milk t. tectorum Silybum S. sweet s. live-forever houseleek. neapolitana S. hemp plant snake plant.

officinale S. lilac . woundwort lamb's-ears.. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. sorbifolia Sorbus S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. officinale Syringa S. reticulata var. americana Stachys S. grandiflora S.. californica Sorbaria S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. vulgaris 'Addie V. hedge nettle. erecta marigold African m. big m. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. patula melongene. byzantina S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. laevis Symphytum S. × persica var. Aztec m. lutea Stokesia S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. laciniata Persian lilac S.

patula 'Petite Yellow' T. officinale Taxus T. yew conical y... sweet mace French m. filifolia T. marum Thuja T. vulgare T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T.T. signet m. tansy tansy. procumbent g. germander American g. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. columnar y. 'Broad-leaf English' T. occidentalis Thymus T. 'Argenteus' T. dense y. crispum Taraxacum T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. upright y. carnosus T. .. wood sage germander dwarf. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. lemon t. dwarf m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. fruticans T. culinary golden lemon t. vulgare var. canadense T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. lucida T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.

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praecox subsp. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. leucotrichus T. serpyllum T. nitidus T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. confederatej. romero clover red clover star jasmine. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. woolly thyme creeping t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. pallasianus T. caraway t. nummularius T. wishbone flower. lanatum Trifolium T.. crimson c.. richardii subsp. t. red c. glabrescens T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. creeping t. not culinary French t. praecox T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. doerfleri T. . odorus t. pratensis Trichostema T. lemon t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. zygis Torenia T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. herba-barona T.

tall n. blattaria V. velvet p. serpyllifolia nasturtium.Tropaeolum T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. majus T. nettle stinging n.. thapsus Veronica V. maritima Urtica U. blueberry. red s. pale yellow Darwin t. squill. water-lily t. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. officinalis V. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. canadensis Tulipa T. bitter Indian garden n. clusiana T. farfara U Urginea U.. angustifolium var. 'General de Wet' T. mullein mullein. 'Sweet Harmony' T. cranberry. tarda T. tawny orange t. speedwell. . flannel plant. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. kaufmanniana T. officinalis Verbascum V. species t. huckleberry. 'Blizzard' T. Indian cress dwarf n. olympicum V. early. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. minus Tsuga T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. dioica V Vaccinium V. laevifolium Valeriana V.

Vetiveria V. arrowwood. zizanioides Viburnum V. prunifolium Vinca V. carlesii V. khus-khus. ladies-delight. maple-leaved viburnum. violet dog violet horned v. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. myrtle.. heartsease pansy. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. lesser p. sweet h. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. running m. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. acerifolium V. lutea 'Splendens' V. sheepberry... nannyberry. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. canina V. tricolor V. odorata V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. minor Viola V. heartsease. withe-rod vetiver. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. possum haw . cassinoides V.

ginger. Canton g.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .

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