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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

and I have had the pleasure of advising. for they had no model and no guide. build it. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. responded with delight. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. bereft of hope. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. This was not to be. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. With false starts and honest stops. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Again they revised. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. Their energy and charm caught me up.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. wheedling. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. carefully chosen. punching. It needs no sequel. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. successes. and the publisher. more of them exist to serve as examples. Ginny had done some writing. This they did. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. whether all their labor was to no avail. seven years ago. Then. and record every detailall of the failures. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. with sparkling enthusiasm. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. alterations. and the experience provided the final section of the book. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. The turning point came when. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. pushing. especially poetry. Neither knew what it meant to make a book.

We. 1969 and 1980. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. Some of these were created by landscape architects. and educational purpose. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. and these are capitalizedfor example. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. A range of essential factors is considered herein.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. rather. although countless common names exist. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The herb garden designs alone. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. To achieve this. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. . former generic names. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. English thyme." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. or by contributors. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. without accompanying commentary. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. specialty. we completed a test garden. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Italics are always used for botanical names. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. by their owners. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. as in Rosmarinus officinalis." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. the authors. degree of maintenance required. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. Likewise. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Not all plants used are herbs. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. historical interest. while others were prepared by landscape designers.

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Finally. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Isaacson. Special thanks are due James C. She has served. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. We are grateful to many.. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Eleanor Gambee. and Joanna Reed. Lee Buss. Swanson and Robert B. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Jo Lohmolder. Keebler and the late Everest P. and the horticulturist. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. as expediter and typist.D. too. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Susan Frugé. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Alice Skelsey. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. A lecturer on herbs. has given us valuable information. president. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. and August Frugé. Rady. Alexander Apanius. Genevieve Jyurovat. Weatherhead. Herbert J. Betty Rea. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. former director of same. Nell Neff. and Rexford Talbert. The late Raymond C. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Recognition is due Robert B. which made possible the completion of our text. past presidents. Derthick. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . M. His assistant. have also been of assistance. FAITH H. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. and Elizabeth Bryce. Wanda Ritchie. has been especially helpful over the years. Trudi Bela. Richard T. former managing editors. always encouraging us to stay with our project. librarian.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. As one constantly reinforces the other. and hedges will have been located. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. Perennial herbs. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. "Not difficult to plan. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. temples of worship. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. or an abandoned. new ways of seeing. As Henry Beston reflects. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. some of which are evergreen.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. If no . the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. and structures. the north point will have been indicated. not at all difficult to maintain. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden." A good design does not "happen. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. fences. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. and decisions must not be left to chance. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. partially excavated area." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. lay out a plan of the property. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. a front dooryard. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. to increase the value of the property. Its interest is independent of flowers. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. In order to create a fine garden design. new plants. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs.

measurements are in engineer's scale. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges. fences. < previous page page_2 next page > . Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.

but with all needed information. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. In this example. In the absence of a survey map. to locate the house. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. measurements are in engineer's scale. To determine the distance between the house and lot line.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. too. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. other significant structures. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. A deed description. The object is to . such as the one illustrated here. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Here. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. and the driveway. will give the lot or acreage measurements. Next. too. measure to locate the house.

< previous page page_3 next page > . T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. paths. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. and parallel lines. driveway. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. The tools needed for drawing are few. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. lines at an angle. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. The smaller the scale. triangleof inexpensive plastic. shrubs. and unusual land features noted. enclosures.

and holly. and hedges of hemlock. A toolhouse. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. old smokehouse. With the plan on paper. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. In the designs that follow. In some cases. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. yew. iron. In the absence of a structure. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. brick.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . One basic rule is the higher the wall. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. gazebo. or summer kitchen is ideal. and stone. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. However. Upkeep. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. garage. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. bayberry. greenhouse. the more substantial its foundation needs to be." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

bricks. Stone. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. too. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Where air circulation is much needed. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. for example. or pressure-treated lumber. deeply evergreen. Lower cost is an advantage. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. painted. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. . it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. If used. railroad ties. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Gates are part of the enclosure. if wood is the material of choice. Whatever the reason. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Rosemary. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Generally. some deciduous and some evergreen. as in outdoor room dividers. Allow adequate room within the row.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Stained. For example. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. and their styles are countless. If desired. they can be made to order. gray surfaces are found. it will seem too sparsely planted. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. box. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. or natural. or. When this reinforcement is understated. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. annual painting is a necessity. the garden design is most attractive. elegant box. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. cut stones. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. In some climates. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. for reinforcing the design. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. but the results will confirm this course. When used with a hedge. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. At first. such as bayberry. Brick is the all-time favorite material. holly. Styles are legion. yew. landscape timbers. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. as an example. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. and rosemary. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Equally important is proportion. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. however. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. so give them much thought. whether it will be rocks.

If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. awkward and unsafe. Conversely. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. there is a necessary.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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The colors are various: terracotta. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. making the design more evident. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. . These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Access paths. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. appearance. because they are just that. for example. Paths must be ample.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. too. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. the greater the tread. however. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. rosy pink. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. A width of four feet allows room for turning. but should be compatible with. or red. their use no less than comfortable. If groups are walking through. cost. and maintenance. There are. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Step materials need not be the same as. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Paths In addition to their obvious utility.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.

a soft-lead pencil in hand. a result being hazardous footing. serviceberry. They are easily renewed as they break down. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. shad Malus coronaria.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. prepare a planting plan for each. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. With these recommendations in mind. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . If the garden is made up of separate beds. This. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. or trees to be considered. shrubs. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. bark or pine needles can be used. too. and many good references are available. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. is an enjoyable experience. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier.) To avoid having a slippery surface. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. they should not shade the herbs too much. When they mature. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site.

statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . whether they are invasive or tall growing. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Sept. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. it is easily read and easily erased. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. 'Mount Hood daff. a focal point is customarily used. It needs. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. or whatever is best in your case. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Do use a soft-lead pencil. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. however. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. such as the one illustrated here. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. lemon thyme. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Artifacts As with other gardens. too. Often this center of interest is a sundial. for example. noting well their growth habits. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. for example.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. one-half inch equals one foot. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind.

It is this aspect of design that some consider most important.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. a niche of its own should be created. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. < previous page page_9 next page > . It is then in scale with its frame. If a statue less than life-size is used. Again. the height of a fence to the house. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

Except for two. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. the designs have a decorative north point. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. a stylized drawing of an ovary. that of good proportion. For easy reference.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. However. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > .

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus praecox subsp. 3. a fence.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja hortensis. 16. Landscape Architect.L. rose 24. A. Lavenders accent the front corners. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 22. The first number in each planting area is the key number. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. The rules of symmetry are observed. lemon 15.A. fennel 2.Viola tricolor.Lavandula savory angustifolia.Melissa officinalis. summer 23. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.S. 7. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. arcticus 27. sweet 25. 6. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 26. 4. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. bee balm 13. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. salad burnet 12.Allium 11. 1. dill cerasiforme. 5.Satureja montana. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. lemon balm . The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. Foeniculum vulgare. sativa.Lobularia maritima. or other structure. With color and texture considered for contrast.Origanum majorana.Galium odoratum. which is used here in relation to a garage. lovage 17.Pelargonium graveolens. 21. 14.

19.Porrum Group.Salvia officinalis. leek 9. chive 18.8.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. curly parsley 10.Origanum heracleoticum. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . costmary 'Albus'. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Greek 28. Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20.

Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Pelargonium tomentosum. 1.Lavandula angustifolia. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Monarda didyma. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. rose 19. 9. bush basil 3. 13. 18.Rosmarinus officinalis.Satureja hortensis. perhaps overgrown with weeds. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. summer 10. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Aloysia triphylla. .Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 11. as was done here. lemon verbena 21. French tarragon 2. fennel English lavender geranium 4. Petroselinum crispum var.Pelargonium graveolens.Foeniculum vulgare. 12. curly parsley sativa. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Artemisia dracunculus var. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Poterium sanguisorba. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider.Allium schoenoprasum. white 20. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 17.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.

salad burnet 6.Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana. 14.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosa eglanteria. eglantine 23. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . 16. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. English thyme dill 8. English'.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.

sweet marjoram 3.Satureja hortensis. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. Then the design might need to be expanded.Salvia officinalis. .Thymus × citriodorus.Chionanthus virginicus. 7. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. English thyme Greek oregano 4. lovage 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.L.Petroselinum crispum. The number in each planting area is the key number. 9. sativa. Japanese yew 17. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. The garden is conveniently located. Even in limited space. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. summer savory 11. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. 13. however. spearmint 16.Artemisia dracunculus var. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. and the plan could be used at a front door. dill 2. Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha spicata.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Origanum majorana. salad burnet 14. however.Levisticum officinale. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. lemon thyme 10.A. parsley 5. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Taxus cuspidata. making the beds larger and the paths wider. A. garden sage 8. still observing a scale.Allium schoenoprasum.

Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil chive 12.

Dictamnus albus. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.L.Convallaria majalis. blue lungwort 26. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. the challenge is obvious. Jacob's-ladder 3. 1. hop sativa. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.Polystichum acrostichoides. The number in each planting area is the key number. This is an intimate garden. 30. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Pulmonaria officinalis. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Polemonium reptans. fraxinella 15.Artemisia dracunculus var. 18.Teucrium chamaedrys.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. Monarda didyma.Allium ampeloprasum. yellow 29.Humulus lupulus. 9. cinnamon fern 4. Christmas fern 5. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. summer 21. 25.A. salad 20. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.S.Asarum canadense. fennel 19.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. lemon thyme 28.Primula vulgaris. Landscape Architect. bee balm 14. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. wild ginger 27. lavender marjoram 2. sweet violet 16. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . 33. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Osmunda cinnamomea. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. The long. A. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. Viola odorata.Origanum majorana.Digitalis grandiflora. 31. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. garden sage 17. 32. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 13.Thymus × citriodorus. 7. 8.Stachys byzantina. 6.

Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. French thyme woodruff koreana.Galium odoratum.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 34. 35. yellow bedstraw 23. French'. Canada hemlock Standard'.Korean box 11.Sorbus americana.Tsuga canadensis. winter savory 24. crispum.savory germander Willmott'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.lilac 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Satureja montana.Buxus microphylla var. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Galium verum.

garden sage 20. 19.Aloysia triphylla. It is a pleasing.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. 1. Even so. it became part of the patio. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. dill 10.Origanum heracleoticum. One of the beds.Salvia officinalis.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. neapolitanum. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Surprisingly. this design can be an inspiration. To be placed near the kitchen. Italian parsley .Rumex scutatus. geometric design. lemon verbena 2.Petroselinum crispum var. devoted to a "yearly surprise." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.

crispum. borage 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum 12. chive 25. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Origanum majorana.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. lemon balm cicely 6. chervil marjoram 21.3.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum. garlic chive 26.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. basil sativa. purple basil 4.Satureja montana. summer savory 23. sweet 13.Allium tuberosum. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Poterium sanguisorba.Myrrhis odorata. curly parsley 22.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.17. sweet 14.Satureja hortensis.Borago officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. English thyme bush basil 8.Melissa officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum. lemon basil 9. French tarragon 5. Alpine strawberry 7. sweet 18. 16.Anthriscus cerefolium. salad 15. winter savory 24.Petroselinum crispum var.

Satureja montana. it is an unusual. rosemary 3. 19. lamb's-ears 20. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. gray . winter 21. blue 22.C. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. the work paths could be eliminated. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Stachys byzantina. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. sweet cicely 23. green santolina 12.Myrrhis odorata. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. scented-leaf geranium 2. Created in an orderly way. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. D. 1. it is full of interesting angles.Pelargonium in variety. As a whole. purple basil 4.Rosmarinus officinalis. The center beds here were established in this way. so. geometric design.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English lavender 10.Galium odoratum. too.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet 13. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. 14.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina virens. To increase the planting area.

Myrtus communis. germander 16.Marrubium vulgare. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . French thyme santolina 15. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. classic myrtle 9.Dianthus caryophyllus.Ilex opaca. camphor-scented wormwood 8. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys.6. clove pink 7.Artemisia abrotanum. horehound24.Salvia officinalis. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.

Tanacetum vulgare. too. rosemary 15. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Calendula officinalis. purple basil 3. arcticus 21. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. sweet woodruff 5. Coix lacryma-jobi. Achillea millefolium. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door.Rosmarinus officinalis.Chamaemelum . Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. borage 23. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. blue hyssop 2.Thymus praecox subsp. Its arrow points north and. absinthe 26.Satureja montana. French tarragon 14. casts the shadow for the hour. sativa. Job's tears 11. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. This center of interest is of particular note. sweet basil 4.Artemisia absinthium. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. gray santolina 13. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Borago officinalis. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. this herb garden is secluded. 1. which adds its impression of warmth. English lavender 6. Lavandula angustifolia. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. lemon balm 22. pot marigold 24. yarrow 12. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. tansy 25.Artemisia dracunculus var. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Sometimes space is limited. winter savory 16. Ocimum basilicum.Hyssopus officinalis.

scented-leaf 27. white creeping thyme nobile.Symphytum officinale.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Carya illinoinensis. sweet 29. comfrey20.Pelargonium in variety. variegated garden sage 8. garden sage 19. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.7. costmary 'Albus'. Salvia officinalis.Origanum vulgare. chive 18.Syringa.Origanum majorana. Salvia elegans. pineapplescented sage 9. wild marjoram 28. marjoram pecan 10.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . chamomile 17.

The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Satureja hortensis.Apium graveolens. sweet cicely 37.Pelargonium × limoneum. purple basil Zingiber officinale. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 3. 6.Melissa officinalis.Allium sativum. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. 9. 18. lemon balm 35. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. true ginger16. hyssop Meyer lemon . garlic Levisticum officinale. Anthriscus cerefolium. 36. 1. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 30.Pelargonium graveolens. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Salvia officinalis. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Allium schoenoprasum. rose geranium 2. French sorrel 21. parsley 17. 4. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. The more invasive ones. 29.Artemisia dracunculus var.Myrrhis odorata. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. blue 23.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ruta graveolens. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Ipomoea alba. summer 32.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. sativa.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. rue 31. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 8. 5. lovage 22. dill 20. 19. chervil 15.Galium odoratum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. horehound 33. sunken into the ground. 7. When controlled in this way. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. sweet 34. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.

sweet basil 38. salad burnet 25.10. lemon verbena 11.Thymus × citriodorus. lemonthyme 28.Poterium sanguisorba. English thyme 26. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . bush basil 14.Mentha spicata. dwarf nasturtium 13.Magnolia virginiana.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tropaeolum minus. Greek oregano 12.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Origanum heracleoticum.Ocimum basilicum. Japanese yew 39.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. French thyme 24. spearmint 27.

whatever the reason." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. "Simplify. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. however. simplify!. < previous page page_22 next page > . a quick way to ensure good drainage. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. but. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Tanacetum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. garden sage 3.Artemisia dracunculus var. jewelweed24.Satureja hortensis. sweet 17.Salvia officinalis. summer basil savory 7. 14.Galium odoratum.Petroselinum crispum. 18. spearmint 21. aloe Grossum Group. 16.Aloe barbadensis. peppermint 23.The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus.Lactuca sativa.Monarda didyma. sweet 25. French tarragon 5.Mentha x piperita. 26. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Lindera benzoin. sweet 15.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 22. tansy 11. balm sativa. parsley 2.Hedeoma pulegioides.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum majorana. rue 20. 12. lettuce 10.Allium schoenoprasum. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 1.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Allium fistulosum.Impatiens capensis.Ocimum basilicum.Capsicum frutescens.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Mentha spicata.Anethum graveolens. spicebush absinthe French'.Ruta graveolens. bell pepper 6. bee balm 19. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. dill 13.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. encloses this plan.Teucrium chamaedrys. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Thymus praecox subsp. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house.Pelargonium in variety. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. .Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. faced and capped with random. horizontally laid bluestone. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. arcticus 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. germander 7. 8. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. too. French thyme 2. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Perovskia abrotanoides. 1. A low wall of brick. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Russian 13.

woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.angustifolia.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus praecox subsp.Viburnum cassinoides. crimson creeping thyme 9.-John'swort 17.Hyssopus officinalis. trumpet vine 16.Santolina neapolitana 4.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. witch hazel 18. lemon balm hyssop 12. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. lemon thyme 10.Alchemilla vulgaris. St.Hamamelis virginiana. white creeping thyme 5. arcticus 'Albus'.Campsis radicans. lavender 3.Galium odoratum. lady's6. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. blue 11.

box. However. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. Although this is not a large garden. holly. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. It is. Germander is a proper edging here. < previous page page_28 next page > . lilac. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. the shrubsyew. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. however.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Santolina virens.Iris × germanica var. santolina alpine pink 28.Thymus praecox subsp.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. shrubby cinquefoil 46. winter 29. Japanese yew 44. green 27. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 32. woolly thyme 7.Salvia leucophylla. broom 40.Salvia sclarea.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Cytisus supinus.Hyssopus officinalis. clary 30. 26.Thymus praecox subsp. columnal yew 43. 1. cottage pink 2.20. fringed wormwood 16.Syringa patula. Mentha requienii.Comptonia peregrina.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Japanese holly 47. Simkins'. 18.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Anemone pulsatilla. dwarf privet 48. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. fraxinella 33. lamb'sears 35.Eloise & Jo Ray. florentina. 12. Marrubium vulgare. lilac 45.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. sweet cicely17.Ruta graveolens.Chamaemelum nobile.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus praecox subsp. Viola odorata. blue horehound hyssop 3. crimson creeping thyme 31. 21.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Santolina pinnata 34. Alchemilla vulgaris.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. lady's. classic myrtle 15. orris 38. rue 6. Japanese holly 42. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Satureja montana. Heliotropium arborescens. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Borago officinalis. Corsican 24.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. mantle chamomile 5. dwarf crested iris 39. arcticus 'Albus'.Myrtus communis. red creeping thyme 10. lavender 22.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Stachys byzantina. sweet albula.Teucrium chamaedrys. Myrrhis odorata.Iris cristata.Artemisia camphorata.Dictamnus albus. alpine strawberry 8. 9. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. prostrate rosemary 13. gray sage savory 14. germander 36.Artemisia frigida. white creeping thyme 37. Thymus praecox subsp. sweet violet 19.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. dwarf box 41.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. white hyssop 4. 23.

The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This hedge. The direction a path takes can add interest. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. a cutting garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. and one has an inset for a garden seat. the center of interest for the herb garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. a running bond pattern. Other paths are brick. an herb garden. and a vegetable garden. < previous page page_30 next page > .< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. while adding to the enclosure of the area.

A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. . Landscape Architect.L.S.

50. Achillea taygetea. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. clary 46. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue 27. Stokes' aster 31.Polystichum acrostichoides. green santolina 42. starsMaxima'. yellow epimedium 15. Anethum graveolens 23. 47. French thyme 7.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. Dictamnus albus. 52. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. fraxinella 26.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Teucrium chamaedrys. yellow 24.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Ribes alpinum. germander 39. summer 34. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Hemerocallis × luteola. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. 37. bush basil 41. 22.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina virens. yellow 35. Campanula persicifolia. 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon thyme 40.Origanum heracleoticum.Stachys byzantina. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Stokesia laevis.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Salvia sclarea. lemon 29.Lilium candidum. York-andLancaster rose 16.Aloysia triphylla. 53. statice Solemacher'. winter savory 44. candytuft Standard'. lavender 18. French tarragon 8.Thymus × citriodorus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. helenium 4.Limonium latifolium. blue hyssop 43. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. 32. lamb's-ears 49.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white 'Bouquet'. sweet marjoram 45.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium in variety.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. purple basil Japanese holly 17. Louise'. pale 28.Satureja montana.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Magnolia virginiana. blue iris 9.Ocimum basilicum 54.Petroselinum crispum var.The number in each planting area is the key number. Aquilegia chrysantha. plantain lily 2. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. 55.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Christmas 48.Digitalis grandiflora. cottage pink French'. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Allium christophii.Satureja hortensis. verbena rose chive 11.Hyssopus officinalis. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia officinalis. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. 1.Origanum majorana. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. garden sage 56. sativa. alpine strawberry 3. sweet 51. dill wishbone flower 5. double white peony of-Persia 12.Helleborus niger.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.

An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. < previous page page_32 next page > . Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. While serving as a soil retainer. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. as in this case. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. a retaining wall or walls are needed.

borage 26.Allium schoenoprasum. Borago officinalis. English 44. bee balm 24. 1. lady's43. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. . silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. 42. lamb's25.Iris cristata. Monarda didyma.45. crispum. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Lavandula angustifolia.Viola odorata.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Mentha spicata. 21.R. Melissa officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. F. Ocimum basilicum.Iris pseudacorus. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Stachys byzantina.Thymus × citriodorus. The number in each planting area is the key number.A.Aloysia triphylla.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet 23. lemon verbena 46.A. spearmint 41. lemon 22.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect.

Nepeta cataria. carpet bugleweed 8. Proliferum Group.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Allium cepa. Poterium sanguisorba. savory sativa.Rosa × rehderana. garlic chive 48. 52. polyantha rose 12.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Allium sativum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet marjoram 28.Dianthus caryophyllus.7. rosemary 9. leek 49.Crataegus arkansana. clove 55.Salvia officinalis. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Petroselinum crispum var. dill 34. post crispum 'Banquet'. French tarragon holly 13. curly parsley oak 17. 40.Marrubium vulgare. pink hawthorn 16.Capsicum frutescens.Foeniculum vulgare. Ajuga reptans.Artemisia dracunculus var. Rosmarinus officinalis. southernwood 31. summer 32.Origanum majorana.Elaeagnus pungens. orange mint 29. garden sage 36. tabasco senna pepper 20. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. 57.Allium ampeloprasum. myrtle 58. 33.Anethum graveolens.Cornus florida. catnip 50. pineapple38. 37.Satureja hortensis.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Petroselinum crispum var. Egyptian onion 11. curly mint 30. rue 51. 56.Mentha pulegium.Artemisia abrotanum. Greek 53. absinthe English thyme 27.Verbascum thapsus.Cassia marilandica. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. wild 39. salad burnet 10.Salvia elegans. fennel 35.Mentha × piperita var.Ruta graveolens. citrata.Artemisia absinthium.Allium tuberosum.Vinca minor. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . mullein chive 47. horehound neapolitanum. pennyroyal 54. flowering dogwood 15.Quercus stellata. Porrum Group.

Although this is a northeast exposure. mothproofing bags. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. < previous page page_34 next page > . a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. sleep pillows. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. and vinegars. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. However. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed.

Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .

Agastache foeniculum. Lactuca. anise hyssop 14.Pelargonium tomentosum.Hemerocallis.Calendula officinalis. French tarragon 10. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. sativa. 1. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Poterium sanguisorba.Allium sphaerocephalum. 49. English finger-bowl geranium 38. 19. lavender 7. 24. lettuce in variety 25. lily leek 44. bee balm 30.Monarda didyma.Satureja montana. 23. Thymus × citriodorus.Galium odoratum. costmary 5. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Ocimum basilicum 27.Alchemilla vulgaris.Allium moly.Allium sativum var.Thuja occidentalis.Laurus nobilis.Allium pulchellum 47.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf savory garden sage 13. Ruta graveolens. 50. garden 'Purpurascens'. 21.Pelargonium fragrans. southernwood 9. pot 28.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. peppermint geranium 40. 'Monge'. balm valerian 15. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. rue 26.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Levisticum officinale.Tsuga canadensis. tansy 16.Artemisia abrotanum. Roman 20. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Salvia officinalis. burnet lovage 6. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Hyssopus officinalis . daylily in variety 41.Pelargonium graveolens.Aloysia triphylla.Tropaeolum minus. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis.Iris × germanica var. round-headed garlic 46. bay 48.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. blue hyssop 35.Rosmarinus officinalis. florentina. lemon 31. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Petroselinum crispum var. orris 17.Valeriana officinalis. garden sage 2.Salvia oficinalis. purple basil sage 11.Mentha spicata. winter 29. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium × limoneum. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Allium schoenoprasum.Tanacetum vulgare. Hallock'.Rumex scutatus. lemon 18. Proliferum Group.Allium cepa.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. dwarf nasturtium 37. Artemisia pontica. lemon verbena 36.Salvia elegans. salad 22. crispum. chive 43. Egyptian onion 42. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lilac 32. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. nutmeg geranium 39. 'President Poincare'.

It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. is the focus of the middle level. A simple knot. < previous page page_36 next page > . A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. Invasive.

Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Poterium sanguisorba.Marrubium vulgare. dwarf winter savory 2. Satureja montana 'Nana'. salad burnet 23. pineapplescented sage 47. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon 44.Armeria maritima. sativa. white thrift 24.Salvia elegans. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 1. pineapple mint 22. horehound 46. golden thyme . thyme 3. Digitalis purpurea. houseleek 45.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer savory 43.Satureja hortensis.Monarda didyma.Foeniculum vulgare. valerian 5. bee balm 26. foxglove 4. fennel 25.Sempervivum tectorum. Valeriana officinalis.

Rosmarinus officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Levisticum officinale.Calendula officinalis.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. 61.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. yellow 41.Eranthis hyemalis. skirret 60. Madonna cicely lily 12. marigold chive 15. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Helleborus orientalis. Isatis tinctoria.Galium verum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. English 52. annual clary 51. white 58. pink 59. garden 42.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. 54.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Sium sisarum. fraxinella 8.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum.Crocus sativus. viper's 34.Helleborus niger. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis.6.Rosa eglanteria.Echium vulgare. feverfew climbing rose 16.Rosa chinensis. 30. 39. angelica Lenten rose 10.Lilium candidum. absinthe 53.Teucrium chamaedrys. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Salvia viridis. white creeping thyme aconite 14. 33. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. germander 56. French'. pink 62.Artemisia absinthium. 40. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. sweet 32.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rue 31.Anemone pulsatilla. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Foeniculum vulgare.Symphytum officinale. lavender Christmas rose 11. parthenium. dyer's woad 7. blue hyssop 57.Thymus praecox subsp.Chrysanthemum 36.Agrimonia eupatoria.Lavandula angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Myrrhis odorata. sweet basil sage 27. rosemary 28. winter bugloss 'Albus'. pot 35. sweet 37.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. arcticus 55. Angelica archangelica. dwarf edging box 21.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Hyssopus officinalis. China rose comfrey 19. Salvia sclarea. clary 48.Ruta graveolens. 38. sweet 50.Laurus nobilis.Galium odoratum. Dictamnus albus. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.

< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Carya ovata. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. There is variety in this plan. However. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. even though space is limited. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and the shagbark hickory. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. < previous page page_38 next page > . and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Thought needs to be given to their pruning.

Paxton. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.

red mint . catmint Hyssopus officinalis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. box Buxus sempervirens. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. angelica Mondarda didyma. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. French Galium odoratum. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. box Carya ovata. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. Asarum canadense. stewardsonii. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. valerian Rosa damascena. sweet basil Satureja montana. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. citrata. Marrubium vulgare. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. Artemisia absinthium. lamb's. bee balm Melissa officinalis. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis.Arisaema triphyllum. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. box Ruta graveolens. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. green santolina Primula veris. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. borage Petroselinum crispum. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa.Galium verum. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. flax Buxus sempervirens. Canada Isatis tinctoria. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. sativa. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. Poterium sanguisorba. Aloysia triphylla. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. dogwood Salvia sclarea. chive Ilex opaca. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. rue Cornusflorida. Adiantum pedatum. germander Agastache foeniculum. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

However. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. A singular statue of St. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. For this appearance. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. a dipping pool there.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. this excavation. A clump of birch here. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. < previous page page_40 next page > . first intended for the construction of a cottage. is on a sandy knoll. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. unplanned look was desired. An informal. too. it is open on the side facing the house.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

winter savory 20.Myrrhis odorata.Chrysanthemum 80.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. chive crispum.Mentha × piperita.Thymus herba-barona. pot 66.Anethum graveolens.Salvia officinalis.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. marsh 42. wild 43. Ruta graveolens. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 34.Coriandrum sativum. French'. 58. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. feverfew 27.Petroselinum crispum. 69. 70. 60. sweet 71.Origanum majorana. 63. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Monarda didyma. rue 29.Tanacetum vulgare var. Iris × germanica var.Nepeta cataria. 32.Chrysanthemum balsamita. mint 50. thrift55. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Stachys byzantina. Johnny-jump-up54.Allium schoenoprasum. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Mentha suaveolens.Consolida orientalis. 65. peppermint 47. 77.Pelargonium graveolens. 30.Origanum onites. 61. 67. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Urginea maritima.Pelargonium tomentosum.Pelargonium crispum.Allium favum lovage 22. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. pineapple3. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. bee balm . Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 78.Anthriscus cerefolium. 64. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 74.Satureja montana. 31.Pelargonium odoratissimum. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Glechoma hederacea.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Chelidonium majus. woolly thyme 13. fern-leaf tansy 23.Armeria maritima. orange geranium 11.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium denticulatum.Melissa officinalis.Satureja hortensis. 59. purple basil 9. 68.Vinca minor. creeping juniper 26. lemon 35.Betula papyrifera.Ocimum basilicum. rose bergamot valerian 25. red mint 48. Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis. 'Prostratus'. 12.Convallaria majalis. apple mint 49. 52. spearmint 45. 33. golden 37.Teucrium canadense.Digitalis purpurea.Mentha pulegium. garden sage lungwort 57. Sempervivum tectorum. rose geranium 10.Lavandula angustifolia. 72. 79.Origanum vulgare. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. lemon balm 44.Viola tricolor.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. wild 51.Rosa 'Merry England'. 76.Achillea tomentosa.The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears parsley 19. gray scented sage santolina 4. catnip 73. 38. 53.Poterium sanguisorba. orris chamaecyparissus. 8.Mentha × gentilis.Monarda fistulosa. 75.Levisticum officinale.Ajuga reptans. white birch English lavender parthenium.Digitalis grandiflora. myrtle 14.Althaea officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Artemisia abrotanum.Santolina florentina.Pelargonium quercifolium.Thymus praecox subsp.Valeriana officinalis. blue 2.Salvia elegans. 1. Artemisia dracunculusvar. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Angelica archangelica. pennyroyal 46.Pulmonaria officinalis. sea onion angelica 24.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha spicata. celandine cicely 18. 36.

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Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. making it more a part of the herb garden. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Because of the edging box. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. They are clustered around the smokehouse. < previous page page_42 next page > . the accents of the six large box. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. the same as the smokehouse construction. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. and the two small trees. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Foundation stone. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. is used for the wall. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it.

< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. A. Landscape Architect.S.L. .

fraxinella 17. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. box 'Citriodorum'. species in variety crispum. rosemary 3.The number in each planting area is the key number.38.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var. Dictamnus albus.Myrrhis odorata.Alchemilla vulgaris. 41. white 23. 1. Origanum majorana. Symphytum officinale.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Crocus. Ocimum basilicum 24. 35.Melissa officinalis. lemon 34.Aloysia triphylla. European ginger 4. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Lilium candidum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Viola tricolor.Buxus sempervirens. Corsican 33. Lavandula angustifolia.Angelica archangelica. 27. blue angelica lungwort 20. lemon basil 15.Levisticum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum. lovage 46. chive comfrey curly mint 8. crownbasil savory imperial 11. balsamita. 39.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. 31. spearmint 48. 40. sweet 37.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha × piperita. 44.Crataegus laevigata. bee balm 29.Chrysanthemum 28.Artemisia frigida.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 21. summer 25. Rosmarinus officinalis.Galium odoratum. verbena English thyme 5.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. Satureja hortensis. dwarf edging box 14.Ocimum basilicum 30. purple basil sativa. lemon 36. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Mentha × piperita var. Asarum europaeum. fringed 43.Mentha spicata. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . winter 42. 'Purpurascens'. English 'Minimum'. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Fritillaria imperialis.Ocimum basilicum 32. orange mint 19.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 47. sweet marjoram 2.Prunus domestica. lady's.Artemisia abrotanum. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. sweet cicely45. sweet 26. pineapple mint 18.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare var. balm citrata. Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja montana.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Allium giganteum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha requienii. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. 22.

the dwarf box edging. pink of Dianthus. The dipping bowl. Instead. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. This hedge. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. two specimen shrubs. too.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. although it is ample at four feet. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. < previous page page_44 next page > . Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. This is true also of the stone curbing. a soil retainer. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Lowgrowing.

. A.L.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S. Landscape Architect.A.

cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Dicentra spectabilis.Teucrium canadense.Anemone blanda. angustifolia 'Nana'. white creeping thyme lovage 10. black cohosh windflower 15.Galium odoratum.Mertensia virginica. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Galanthus nivalis. Salvia officinalis. arcticus 30.Crocus kotschyanus. 49.Convallaria majalis.Tulipa clusiana.57. American 38. 36.Helleborus niger. winter savory 39.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 17.Leucojum aestivum.Myrica pensylvanica. Origanum majorana.Pelargonium in variety.Allium giganteum angelica 11. 58.Pelargonium in variety.Cimicifuga racemosa. caraway thyme albus.The number in each planting area is the key number. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. sweet 47. 'Lanuginosus'.Mentha × piperita.Allium christophii. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Crocus speciosus. 61. lily. verbena snowflake 19.Narcissus triandrus var.Tulipa kaufmanniana. 53.Mentha × piperita var. borage 31. 43.Helleborus lividus subsp.Borago officinalis. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.Mentha spicata.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. sweet 27.Aloysia triphylla. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. clary 32. Compactus'.Hamamelis virginiana. lamb's-ears 28. 20.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . rue25. white 42. 44. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 26. lemon 33.Thymus × citriodorus. green santolina 37.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. arcticus 34. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Sternbergia lutea. prostrate rosemary 18. 2.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Narcissus asturiensis. 1.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 52.Levisticum officinale. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. gray 22.Thymus herba-barona. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Madonna 63. 45.Lilium candidum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. tulip citrata. Spanish bluebell 16. 51. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. orange mint 8. marjoram crocus 7. spearmint 48. Thymus doerfleri. 50.Heliotropium arborescens.Ocimum basilicum. 54.Digitalis grandiflora. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. sweet 55.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 46.Nepeta mussinii.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. angel's-tears 59. 40.Satureja montana. catmint 35. lemon 60.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Salvia sclarea.Angelica archangelica. 56. thyme 29. golden thyme41. Stachys byzantina.Crocus tomasinianus.Crocus angustifolius.

Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Morning sun warms it early. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. First. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Second. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The results have been most satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind.

Origanum heracleoticum. Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum. woolly thyme 3. leek 46. The number in each planting area is the key number. Porrum Group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.S. tulip 45.Artemisia dracunculus var.Apium graveolens. A.Salvia officinalis. 25. . lemon 21. marigold 41. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.A. French tarragon 5. Beauty'. 1. sweet basil 23.Artemisia lactiflora.Tulipa tarda.Allium neapolitanum.L.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. crocus 44.Tagetes 'Lulu'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Artemisia absinthium 24. garden sage 4.Allium ampeloprasum. absinthe sativa. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 26. wild celery 42.Crocus sieberi. Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Architect.Salvia sclarea.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. clary thyme 22. English thyme 43. 'Lambrook Silver'.

Lobelia siphilitica.Origanum majorana. Viola odorata. American elderberry 15. pink 30. clematis 11. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. sweet 37. American marjoram Yellow'. dogwood 19. great 31. red currant gray santolina 13. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Ipomoea alba.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Hyssopus officinalis. yellow 55.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. catmint 53. curly parsley 20. 39.Allium schoenoprasum.Levisticum officinale.Achillea filipendula 60. 54. lamb's-ears 52. pale 49.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Tropaeolum minus. 8. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Nepeta × faassenii. lovage 34. Lavandula angustifolia. fraxinella 36.Santolina virens. alpine 28.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. weed chive 48. 58.Rosmarinus officinalis.foxglove 7.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Aconitum napellus. 29.Digitalis grandiflora.Asclepias tuberosa. green 40.Petroselinum crispum var.Dictamnus albus.Ribes sativum.Aloysia triphylla.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dianthus × allwoodii. blue 38. lobelia Sherbert'.Galium mollugo. monkshood upright yew 17. 32.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Malus hupehensis. butterfly 47. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Cornus florida.Stachys byzantina.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. white evergreen azalea 16. 56. lemon 50.Ilex opaca. Robert verbena Brydon'.Artemisia camphorata.Allium senescens var. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Clematis 'Mrs. viola holly 18. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. A birdbath of copper. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. are raised with bricks on edge. an impression of Sol in it. repeats again the octagonal form. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. The four herb beds. Well-drained as they are. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . even though the growing area is not extensive.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 42.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. prostrate rosemary 34. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. clary 21.Allium tuberosum.Pelargonium denticulatum.Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. curly mint 3. silver mound artemisia 8. French 26. angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. 28.Marrubium vulgare. purple variegated garden sage 36. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Heliotropium arborescens.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium crispum. spearmint southernwood 5. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. variegated garden sage 37. Stachys byzantina.Joan E. lemon 41.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Petroselinum crispum var.Pelargonium odoratissimum. dill 18. 43. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. catmint 6. Artemisia abrotanum. peppermint 4. purple basil 24. thyme salad burnet 40.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. bush basil 23. curly parsley 32. sweet woodruff 9. gray 'Prince of Orange'. French tarragon 7.Salvia officinalis. lamb's-ears 17.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 30. 27. sativa.Pelargonium tomentosum. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. orange santolina geranium 11. Artemisia absinthium.Salvia sclarea.Lavandula dentata. English thyme horehound 2. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. 1.Pelargonium graveolens. Anethum graveolens.Ruta graveolens.Aloysia triphylla. rosemary 33. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white creeping thyme 12.Lavandula angustifolia. Semple. Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet basil 22. clove pink 10. 29. 19.Mentha × piperita.Santolina 25. lemon 39.Rosmarinus officinalis. crispum. 16. rue 35.Nepeta mussinii.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. lavender 15. absinthe 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Artemisia dracunculus var. golden variegated garden sage 38. heliotrope 31.

or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. lemon verbena. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. < previous page page_52 next page > . and lantana are a few. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. a toolhouse. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. A suitable fence. too. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. rose geranium. rose. if neither is available. A birdbath may replace the pool.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

A. verbena ambrosia 4. crispum.Heliotropium arborescens. 9. rosescented geranium 17.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.S. The number in each planting area is the key number. woolly thyme 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 3. 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus. bush basil 5. fern-leaf tansy 8. lemon 10.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. white creeping thyme 2.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Origanum majorana.Chamaemelum nobile. zonal geranium 19. heliotrope 21. sweet santolina marjoram 6. Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'.A.Chenopodium botrys.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. absinthe 'Minimum'.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus praecox subsp. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Santolina virens. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 1.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.L. gray santolina chamomile 14. 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. Landscape Architect. geranium 16.Thymus × citriodorus. zonal geranium 18. green 12.Artemisia absinthium 11. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium frutetorum. lemon thyme 20.

spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. As the snows melt. apothecary's rose. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Hyssop hedges define the circles. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. The dwarf box frames the focal point. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. mints. the design is clearly traced. but the design itself has endured forty years. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. a sundial. These can easily obliterate a design. Angelica. Box and holly enclose it all. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. box. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. artemisias. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. and coltsfoot are only a few of them.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. a deep mauve to others. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

gray 37.Symphytum officinale.Alchemilla alpina. clove pink 29.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. Santolina virens.Origanum onites.Lavandula dentata. garden sage Christmas rose 10.30. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. weld 54. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. dwarf edging box 21.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus praecox subsp. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. chamomile 31. crimson creeping thyme 18.Vitis.Galium odoratum.Armeria maritima.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Iris × germanica var. 65. rue 23. wild 52.Thymus praecox subsp. daffodil 17.Teucrium chamaedrys.Isatis tinctoria.Valeriana officinalis.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Hyssopus officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 5. grape fennel 19.Paeonia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. 1. perilla 51.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Reseda luteola. arcticus 38.Syringa. germander 43.Melissa officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet woodruff45.Monarda fistulosa. 55. orris 57. blue hyssop 42.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. Origanum majorana. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. feverfew 14. leaf geranium French lavender 8. 'Albus'.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. green santolina 24.Sium sisarum.Santolina neapolitana 36.Lilium candidum. Graham. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Rosmarinus officinalis.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. blue 50.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. valerian 6. yew Beauty'.Pyrus communis.Stachys byzantina. green. 56. arcticus 40. thrift 41. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia absinthium.63. orris box 22. 67. masterwort 69.Sedum telephium. butterfly weed35.Sempervivum tectorum. Tropaeolum majus.Allium schoenoprasum.Helleborus atrorubens 12. nasturtium 28. arcticus 39. lilac 70.Artemisia camphorata. lady's-mantle 46. white 66. dyer's woad 9. white dead 49. bronze 64.Pulmonaria officinalis. Dianthus caryophyllus.Astrantia major. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. scented. Chamaemelum nobile.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.47.Foeniculum vulgare. 58. white creeping thyme French'. sweet 27.Buxus sempervirens. 48.James D. florentina. winter savory 32.Taxus. Satureja montana.Alchemilla vulgaris. lamb's-ears 33. 59.Helleborus orientalis.Asclepias tuberosa. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Lamium album.Perillafrutescens. bush basil nettle orpine 4. French thyme Madonna lily 16. southernwood 2. alpine 60.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Asarum europaeum. sweet European ginger cicely 3. 62.Lavandula angustifolia. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . piney 44. skirret 53.Myrrhis odorata. Canadian burnet 13. absinthe 34. marjoram lungwort crispum.Arisaema dracontium.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. Pelargonium in variety.Helleborus niger. rosemary 25. 26.

this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. with buds of red. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. In addition to the brick edging around each. include this one. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. Rosa 'Albertine'. The large.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. They are small specialty beds. but no panacea for the maintenance required. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. At the top of the steps. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. rising from the courtyard. The brick edging around each bed is a help. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. pink. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. However. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. < previous page page_56 next page > . crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. If there is room for only one rambler rose.

Rheum rhabarbarum. 22.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. winter savory 41. subsp.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. lemon balm 42. Lavandula angustifolia. tansy Bois'.Tanacetum vulgare. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus.Satureja montana. caraway 24. 23. English thyme .Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. alpine strawberry 3. foxglove 39. 1. angelica 20. rhubarb 2. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Borago officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Angelica archangelica. garden sage 40. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Melissa officinalis. Carum carvi. bush basil 43. lavender 4. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.

54. salad 7.'Albertine'.Calendula officinalis. sweet 37. Consolida ambigua. centifolia 'Cristata'.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. geranium in 30. French 33. pot 50.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Marrubium vulgare.Laurus nobilis. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.R. bourbon rose 10. thyme frutescens.Chrysanthemum balsamita.R.'Baronne Prevost'.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Satureja hortensis.R. musk rose 12.R. 31. 35.Chrysanthemum 46.R.sativa. 56. Mexican tea 18.Mentha × piperita var.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. 45. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Tagetes filifolia.6. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 25. Irish-lace 48. Thymus 'Argenteus'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Anethum graveolens 47. 36. centifolia.Chrysanthemum.Salvia elegans.Aloysia triphylla.Poterium sanguisorba. French'. prostrate rosemary 16. Pelargonium graveolens. var.Petroselinum crispum var. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. lemon 51. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. citrata. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. rose 28. silver 27.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.R.Pelargonium. centifolia var. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Origanum majorana. 49. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. muscosa 15. curly parsley 26. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Chenopodium 55. 29. cheddar pink 53.Allium schoenoprasum.R. pineapple34.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . clove pink Mammoth'.Dianthus Victoria'. marguerite chive 9.Lavandula dentata. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.

Balance is augmented. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Laid in an unusual pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. < previous page page_58 next page > . and the access to it is surfaced with brick. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too. as it should be. It is near the house.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina virens. dill 9. English'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.A.Myosotis sylvatica.Origanum majorana.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Heliotropium arborescens. santolina moss rose 7.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum. heliotrope 3.Salvia officinalis.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. sweet basil 14. double white peony 5. 19.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 20. green 22. lavender 2. A. 17. Landscape Architect.L. gray 15. 16. 23. 1.Satureja hortensis. 21. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . chive lemon verbena 6.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Hyssopus officinalis. dwarf edging box 8.Anethum graveolens.S. The number in each planting area is the key number. white creeping thyme 4.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. blue hyssop 13.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Poterium sanguisorba. rosemary yellow viola 10. English thyme signet marigold 11.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. 24.Thymus praecox subsp.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. Rosmarinus officinalis.

Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. and a comfortable. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and the grape arbor. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. the fence with roses. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Herbs. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. < previous page page_60 next page > . The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. winter pruned. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. potted lemon verbena. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. The grape vines. too.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Galium odoratum. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. purple variegated garden sage 4. Stachys byzantina. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Valeriana officinalis. marsh climbing rose. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'.Connecticut Vera Breed. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. three. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Iris cristata. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. lemon Linum perenne. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Nepeta mussinii. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Althaea officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Amsonia tabernaemontana. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Aloysia triphylla. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Teucrium chamaedrys. BED II germander BED IV 2. 3. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. conical yew rosemary 1. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus.

creeping thyme in variety 8. Rosmarinus officinalis. tuberosa 6. beach Marrubium vulgare. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Sempervivum. Chamaemelum nobile. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. houseleek in variety 7. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Delphinium × belladonna. plume Baptisia australis.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 9. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . catmint 5. fairy rose Giant'. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Thymus. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. lemon Anemone hybrida. lavender 10. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus × citriodorus.

Another angle could be tried with these.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. holly. and bright green in the herb beds. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. its detail is shown below. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. this was replaced with ''edging" box. myrtle. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. tend to broaden the width of the garden. magnolia. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Ivy. if desired. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. planted in bands across these beds. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. Either it flourished too well. grew too large. silver. Herbs. Later. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. blue green. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > .

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Poterium sanguisorba. Ruta graveolens. lime geranium 4. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. sweet 34. Stachys byzantina. lovage 48.Ilex opaca. bayberry balm thyme 13. silver-king artemisia 23. 44.Artemisia abrotanum. 1.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia ludoviciana var. French thyme 39.Thymus doerfleri. white creeping thyme 41. ears rose geranium 3. spearmint 42.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 29. bush basil albula. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. bee balm30.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Tropaeolum minus. sweet woodruff 36.Mentha spicata. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . Ocimum basilicum 24.Chamaemelum nobile. salad 43.Thymus × citriodorus. 'Minimum'.Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. English ivy burnet 10. dwarf edging box 11.Pelargonium graveolens. purple basil savory 35. tansy 45. winter 'Purpurascens'. 49. 25. American holly 31.Marrubium vulgare. horehound germander 17.Levisticum officinale. borage 26.Rosmarinus officinalis. myrtle 47.Galium odoratum. 28. English thyme chamomile 2.Laurus nobilis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Pelargonium × nervosum. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. English'.Tanacetum vulgare.Origanum majorana. thyme 38. arcticus 'Albus'.Vinca minor.Pelargonium fragrans. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Myrica pensylvanica.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. lemon 46. dwarf 21. box chamaecyparissus.Rumex scutatus. 33. Borago officinalis. 6. rue 20. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. thyme 37. purple garden sage 7.Thymus carnosus. woolly thyme 8.Hedera helix.Mentha suaveolens.Monarda didyma. lamb's.Satureja montana.Thymus herba-barona.Melissa officinalis.Magnolia grandiflora. bay rosemary 12.19. French 27.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Buxus sempervirens 14.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 15. caraway thyme 40. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. Ocimum basilicum 22.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.

maypoles. too. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The four potted bay. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. potted shrubs. The use of flagstone. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. < previous page page_64 next page > . It is located for the best viewing. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. standards. brick. adding to the space for walking. and treessome of which are espaliered. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. accent this prime focal point even more. There is variety in the walks. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. Laurus nobilis. too. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. It is a large garden. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each.

maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.Viola tricolor.quercifolium.Chrysanthemum balsamita. winter 27.P. 49. 1. 25. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. apple English thyme up geranium 3.53.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.P.P.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. 26. musty oakscented geranium 5. fragrans.Chenopodium botrys.acerifolium.Nigella damascena.P. pot 52.odoratissimum. love-in. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Thymus × citriodorus.Calendula officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . Johnny-jump.50. Satureja montana. lemon 29. 51. wild 28.

lemon southernwood geranium 34.P.Thymus serpyllum. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. fern-leaf 'Nana'. peppermint 67. classic 21.Fragaria vesca. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. Chamaemelum nobile. 57. pine crispum. crispum. pheasant's. parsley 35. crowfoot 70. English lavender 32.Aloysia triphylla. denticulatum. blue hyssop 10.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.P. bay 20. lemon 65.P.Monarda didyma. 61. bee balm 63.Malus.Poncirus trifoliata. lemon-rose geranium 22. crispum 'Minor'. strawberry 48.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.P.Artemisia abrotanum.P.Origanum majorana.Forsythia. golden lemon thyme 7. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Acorus calamus. garden sage 54. box 19.6. lettuce 39. Rosmarinus officinalis.× nervosum.Allium senescens var.P.Marrubium vulgare. tomentosum.Livingston'. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . radens. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Anethum graveolens.Viola odorata. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. 58.Petroselinum crispum. fern-leaf 60. forsythia 'Albus'. sweet 37.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Salvia caerulea. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Myrtus communis.Levisticum officinale.Malus angustifolia.P. cherry tomato chive 17. rose geranium66. 41.Salvia officinalis.P. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Foeniculum vulgare.72.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Mentha pulegium. Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia dracunculus var. 62. lemon balm 45. chamomile 8. denticulatum 11. wild thyme 31.Laurus nobilis. camphor-scented geranium 69. French tarragon Rose'. glutinosum. radens 'Dr.Mentha.Achilleafilipendula. lime geranium 55.P. bronze 38. lemon 47.Poterium sanguisorba.Melissa officinalis. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Pelargonium crispum.P. horehound 46.P.P. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Origanum dictamnus.Lavandula angustifolia. lettuce 40.Tanacetum vulgare var.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. lemon geranium 56. 64. arcticus43. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. sweet flag 16. orange geranium 23. salad 42. dill 36. lemon geranium 33. rosemary 9. white sweet yarrow violet 13.P. 71. 44. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. graveolens.

something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. < previous page page_66 next page > . with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This is a large garden by any standard. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. green santolina. too. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. In keeping with this feeling. and Allium karataviense.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Liriope muscari. arcticus. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. apple mint 13. Baker. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . French tarragon schoenoprasum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. garden sage 18. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia frigida. winter savory 9.Florence B. lemon 11. gray 10.Salvia officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. 15.Satureja montana. fringed 7.Allium moly.Allium sativa.Allium christophii. blue hyssop 16. Mentha suaveolens. big blue lilyturf 12. 1.Levisticum officinale. Artemisia dracunculus var. Santolina virens.Salvia officinalis. wormwood fennel 2. 8.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. green santolina 14. dwarf garden 17.Thymus praecox subsp. chive 4.Thymus × citriodorus.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the circle. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Many herb gardens could provide this. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. and the front porch of the house. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. for the box after new spring growth.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. the upper deck. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. < previous page page_70 next page > . the square.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Cupressus sempervirens.Chamaemelum nobile.Cedrus deodara. Italian cypress 9. dwarf edging box 7. lemon 8.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf myrtle 6. 1.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. chamomile 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. viola 3.Satureja montana. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . winter savory 4. lavender 5.

The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Paths are gravel. Roses. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. from Peter Coats. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright.. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. as it was with this plan. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Coin with Tudor rose design.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

lettuce 28. spearmint 30. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Viola tricolor.Calendula officinalis. oxlip 17. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Melissa officinalis. classic myrtle 18. Chamaemelum nobile. 34. rosemary 16. caraway 35.Fragaria vesca. blue hyssop 2.Iris pseudacorus.Lavandula angustifolia. Madonna 23. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Ruta graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. rue 33.Mentha × piperita. yellow flag 26.Crithmum maritimum.The number in each planting area is the key number. English daisy 36. Foeniculum vulgare.Mentha spicata. salad burnet 10. lemon balm 31.Crocus sativus. Thymus serpyllum.Primula elatior. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Bellis perennis.Fumaria officinalis.Lactuca sativa. sweet marjoram 3. sweet violet 6.Aconitum napellus. 22. saffron lily crocus 12. fennel 21. clove20. pot marigold 15. Hyssopus officinalis. 19. 1.Anemone pulsatilla. Malva sylvestris. winter 32.Petroselinum crispum.Satureja montana. Dianthus caryophyllus.Buxus sempervirens. chamomile 4. wild thyme 5. Eryngium maritimum. monkshood27.Primula vulgaris. mallow 13.Myrtus communis. absinthe peppermint 8. parsley 29.Poterium sanguisorba. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Lilium candidum. earth 24.Carum carvi. Origanum majorana.Viola odorata. 25.

serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. but Always Love. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. most of the blooms are nightscented. white. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. plumed. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. spurred. Selected for this reason. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . its tufted. white blooms and woolly. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. However. along with a measure of fragrance." Concrete blocks.

pink 15.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. white . silver mound artemisia 3.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.19. petunia 30. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. silver 16.Lilium candidum.Galium odoratum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. lamb's.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. Thymus 'Argenteus'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white 32. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. 1. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. Dianthus 'White Lace'. 17. horehound 2. sweet 31.Marrubiam vulgare.Dictamnus albus. Stachys byzantina. 'Albus'.Galanthus nivalis.

Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. Artemisia absinthium.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. tulip 38. white 27. 23.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 12.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. tuberose 36. daffodil 35. needle florentina.Polianthes tuberosa.Salvia sclarea.Ipomoea alba. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. albula. moonflower 39. tulip 37. clary 24. white 22. Artemisia lactiflora.Matthiola incana.Artemisia stellerana.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. rose 40. Yucca filamentosa.Iris × germanica var.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Artemisia ludoviciana.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Lunaria annua.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. Viola odorata.Rosa 'Cinderella'.21. western mugwort 7. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Hesperis matronalis.Convallaria majalis. rose 41. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.6.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 25. orris 8. 28. 26. Adam's. dame's honesty rocket 14. sweet violet 20. white stock absinthe 10.

and fragrances usually considered characteristic. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Many of these herbs lack the hues. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. required their use as an educational adjunct. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. related to an old mill reconstruction. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. Rather. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. This herb garden. too. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. < previous page page_76 next page > . textures.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

dyer's broom safflower 6.Mahonia aquifolium. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Scotch broom hemp 7.Hypericum perforatum. black-eyed 50. 22. 37. onion China jute 4.Hydrastis canadensis. fuller's 30.Parmelia conspersa.Chelidonium majus.. bee 36. 20.Phytolacca americana. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Pteridium aquilinum. 35.Rudbeckia hirta.Galium verum. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.46. Boehmeria nivea. sisal 27. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Cytisus scoparius. blueberry 13.Rubia tinctorum. 34.Galium odoratum.Tagetes erecta.Urtica dioica. French 33. ramie 24. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Solidago species. African 45. 43.Isatis tinctoria. saffron crocus marguerite 3. 29. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. 32. alkanet 52. Linum usitatissimum.Convallaria majalis. privet marigold 15.38. Sansevieria trifasciata. Musa textilis. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. broad 42.Rhus typhina.Rumex obtusifolius. Agave sisalana.Genista germanica. lily.Carthamus tinctorius.Ligustrum vulgare. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Filipendula ulmaria. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. 48.Reseda luteola. dyer's 31.Anthemis tinctoria.Viburnum acerifolium. 53. 39. Gossypium hirsutum. goldthread 41. yellow 55.Genista tinctoria. 28.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Agave fourcroydes. Abutilon theophrasti. sumac poke 17.Agrimonia eupatoria.Rumex acetosa. golden 40.Monarda didyma. stinging nettle44. 23.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Coptis trifolia. woad Susan laevifolium. queen.Furcraea hexapetala. St.Berberis vulgaris.Allium cepa. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Anchusa officinalis. sweet 49. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 1. 26. peach bracken sorrel 19.Prunus persica. 47. Hibiscus cannabinus.Cladrastis lutea.Crocus sativus. madder 54.Tagetes patula. garden 56.Morus rubra or alba.Indigofera tinctoria.Dipsacus sativus. flax 21.51.Coreopsis tinctoria. weld 57.Sanguinaria canadensis.Cotinus coggygria. Manila 25.

Elsewhere. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. A totally appealing edging. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. < previous page page_78 next page > . Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. as well as the roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Queen of the Prairies'. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 22. 1. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Legras de St. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 18. 'Mignonette' 5. 'American Pillar'. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Seven Sisters'. Alfred de Rougemont'. 23. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'White Rose of York' 3. cl. cl. rambler 19. rambler 20. cl. 'Mme. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Belle Amour' 6. cl. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 25. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 24. 'Sombreuil'. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11.

This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. The notch of four square feet. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. < previous page page_80 next page > . this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. Circles and angles provide interest.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. dulce 50. shallot Lakes'. schoenoprasum. giant garlic var. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. leek 5. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.B. graveolens var. cepa Proliferum Group. scorodoprasum.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. red-flowered kale 6. C.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.C. Boerner.L. tuberosum.C. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. graveolens var. garlic chive 44. chive 42.B. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.A. graveolens var.annuum 'Floral Gem'. 26. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. oleracea 'Red Acre'. annuum 'Variegata'.C. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. Capsicum annuum var.Cichorium intybus. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.Apium graveolens var. 24. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. 45. 27. Beauty'. dulce 47.A.S. pear Purple Vienna'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . 48. 30.A.B.B. annuum 'Nosegay'. 28.B.B. red 37. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.B. celery I 31. 29. sprouts celery 8.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.L.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. 22. C.A. C. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. graveolens 'French Dinant'. oleracea 'Prima'.S. 39. celery Bed 9. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. melongena 1.B. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.A. annuum 'Fips'. C.sativa 'Ruby'. curly eggplant parsley 23. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. oleracea 'Green Parade'. annuum 'Mosaic'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. Petroselinum crispum var. annuum 'Red Boy'.B.C. 25. ruby swiss chard var. 32. eggplant 43. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. celery Group.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.C. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.Solanum melongena var. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. C. C. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.A. C. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. kohlrabi Rock'. red 38. melongena 2.C. annuum 'Black Prince'. lycopersicum var. cherry tomato 34.B. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.B. crispum 'Banquet'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. 40.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.A.A. annuum 'Teno'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.A. annuum 'Pinocchio'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. white-flowered kale 49. annuum 'Golden Bell'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.esculentum 'Long Black'.

relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. When viewed from the terrace above. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. arcs. winter savory. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . All of the circles. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. for each is a complete entity. and golden thyme. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

A. The number in each planting area is the key number.P. Assoc. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. 1. 15.× nervosum. × domesticum 6.S. winter 13. maple-leaved 18. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. P.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P. graveolens. lemon geranium 22. apple gray santolina geranium 3. scabrum. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. germander crowfoot geranium 21..P.P.P. 19. acerifolium. 29. pungent-scented geranium 25. apricot geranium28.Ilex glabra. Marshall.L. Teucrium chamaedrys. Livingston'. Landscape Architect.P. crispum. grossularioides. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. P.' lemon geranium 23.P. peppermint 26. rose geranium 27. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. oak-leaved geranium 16. × nervosum 'Torento'. inkberry geranium 9. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. Satureja montana. radens 'Dr. crispum 'French Lace. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. golden 11. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. 12.P.P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. Santolina virens.A. Santolina chamaecyparissus.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. P.P.Melissa R.P.P. tomentosum. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. gooseberry geranium 24. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. orange geranium 8. odoratissimum. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P. 17. green 14. rose-scented geranium 4. lime geranium Rose'.Myrica pensylvanica.

A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. or marble chips.Santolina virens. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. Maintenance is high for a knot.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many.Lavandula angustifolia. texture. on page 37. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. closed knot design. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. . The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. 1. blue hyssop 3. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. such as a dwarf edging box. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. filled with plants that have contrasting color. English lavender 2.Hyssopus officinalis. For the knot to look its best at all times. sand. To ease the care for a more complicated design. was planted using edging box only." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. especially when it is blooming. and growth to the plants of the knot design. Its interspaces can be mulched. which is framed with a brick edging. For ease of maintenance this same knot design.

arcticus 'Coccineus'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. dwarf edging box 4. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp. green santolina 2.

Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. white 7.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.officinalis 'Tricolor'. which are confined to that area.S. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. The knot material is maintained at six inches. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. 1.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Rosmarinus officinalis. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Some maintenance is required for clipping.Thymus praecox subsp.T. In another departure from the usual. caraway thyme 9. 8. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. which is found more often out in the open. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. herba-barona. Teucrium chamaedrys. the height of the edging. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. lavender Japanese barberry 5. arcticus 'Albus'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. praecox subsp. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. creeping thymes. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.T.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. fig 4. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. 'Munstead'. purple variegated 11. variegated garden sage .

< previous page page_85 next page > .

lavender .Santolina chamaecyparissus. American germander 3. gray santolina 2. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.

gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.

again laid on edge. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. each one a quarter-circle. which are also laid on edge. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. a complement for the colors of the plant material.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. < previous page page_88 next page > . The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. adding another facet to an appealing design. pleasing color. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Anthemis marschalliana. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Crithmum maritimum.Santolina neapolitana 10. rue 21. blue sage 13.Artemisia arborescens. lavender 8. dwarf 12.Marrubium incanum.Stachys byzantina.Artemisia frigida. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Lavandula dentata var. dwarf gray santolina 20. silver horehound 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus. golden marguerite 25. 17.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1. glaucum 11. woolly yarrow 23. candicans. lavender 9.The number in each planting area is the key number. 16.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helichrysum angustifolium. silver sage 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Anthemis tinctoria. fern-leaf yarrow 27. curry plant 7.Allium senescens var. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. French lavender 3. lavender 5.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. tree artemisia 26. Russian sage 24. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Leontopodium alpinum.Thymus 'Argenteus'. angustifolia 'Rosea'. silver thyme 6. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . 18. gray santolina 2. samphire14.Salvia clevelandii.Salvia argentea.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. tree germander 22.Teucrium fruticans.

which include hanging baskets. If one is familiar with herbs. < previous page page_90 next page > . and the savories. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. lady's-mantle. Styles of containers. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. sweet marjoram. basil. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. The color of the container plays a lesser role. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. are without number. oregano. As with other plant material. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. Some are rosemary. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. thyme.

< previous page page_91 next page > .< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.

< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

and so they are strictly uncomplicated. LandscapeArchitect. such an outlay would be unwarranted.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. < previous page page_95 next page > . good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.S. A. If children's interest is not sustained. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Of course supervision is necessary.A. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.L. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. However.

Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. too. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Just keep a garden design for children simple." selected for their greater fragrance. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. they are easily handpicked. A sundial can be fun and also educational. These are ''old roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Instead of benches on the patio. < previous page page_96 next page > . Children in this age group can help with the construction.

S.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. .L. Landscape Architect.A. A.

Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Chenopodium botrys. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. crispum. 20. southernwood 5. summer savory 22.Anethum graveolens. Dianthus plumarius.The number in each planting area is the key number. Borago officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium moly. 13. garden sage 24. dill pennyroyal 11. English lavender 4.Artemisia abrotanum.Tropaeolum minus. American 21. dyer's bush basil woad 9. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. love-in-a-mist 14. lily leek 30. neapolitanum. Nigella damascena.Calendula officinalis. 1. cottage pink 18.Allium senescens var.Artemisia camphorata. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. damask rose 32.Isatis tinctoria.Satureja hortensis. horehound 26.Lavandula angustifolia. alpine strawberry 3. borage 15. Italian parsley 23.Origanum majorana. 19. English lavender 7.Petroselinum crispum var. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. glaucum 31.Salvia sclarea. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Levisticum officinale.Hedeoma pulegioides.Rosa damascena.rocambole 28. dwarf 6. garlic chive 29. clary 25. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Allium tuberosum.Rosa gallica. 16. ambrosia 2.Marrubium vulgare.Allium sativum var. pot marigold 8.Salvia officinalis.Nepeta cataria. catnip 27. Petroselinum crispum var. lovage 12. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . ophioscorodon.

An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. < previous page page_98 next page > . not noted on the plan. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. All are inviting to the touch. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. The oval.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. previously used as a skating rink. are a seal and a turtle. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The sculptures.

A.R.A. F. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .

horsemint Justicia brandegeana. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. Greek Stachys byzantina. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. borage Tanacetum vulgare. chamomile Mentha. winter savory Mentha. cowslip Linaria. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. English Tussilago farfara. duckweed Antennaria. chive dandelion Allium sativum. fat-hen Primula veris. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. bee orchid Erigeron. tansy Monarda didyma. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. Allium schoenoprasum. lousewort Viola canina. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. mint Galium odoratum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. fleabane Stellaria.Hedeoma pulegioides. dog violet Lemna. Nepeta cataria. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. bee balm Satureja montana. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. Trifolium pratense. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . marigold Salvia officinalis. mint Tagetes. coltsfoot Mimulus.

A number of wooden window frames. Its plant list. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. its wooden structure long gone. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. are superb for displaying potted herbs. < previous page page_101 next page > . a mint.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Their height eases the task of weeding. Still. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. developed particularly for study. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. and old barn beams another about the same height. Instead. for an old barn foundation of stone. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. feverfew. an exceedingly long one. Here. it is a most satisfying growing situation. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

43. absinthe 51.Poterium sanguisorba. arcticus 'Albus'.Veronica serpyllifolia.Viola tricolor. sweet violet 40.Lavandula angustifolia.Agastache foeniculum. didyma 'Rosea'.O. winter savory 88. woolly thyme 101. pink 58.Genista tinctoria. thyme 102. camphorata. 1. stellerana.Agastache cana. purple variegated garden sage 85. rue 83.S. lemon verbena 106.Digitalis lanata.Acinos alpinus. rose sativa. dyer's woodruff broom 3. skirret 90.Teucrium chamaedrys. purple basil English lavender 18. lesser 67. foxglove 2.Campanula persicifolia.Digitalis purpurea.A. sweet cicely 94.Ruta graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. abrotanum. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Melissa officinalis.S.T 'Argenteus'. 61. pot marigold 25. Grecian 59.Geranium robertianum. 50.Rosmarinus officinalis.Asarum canadense. southernwood ground cherry 10.P.-John'swort 91. lemon 52. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. bee balm57.Rubia tinctorum.Pelargonium crispum. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.T.T.Valeriana officinalis.Chelidonium majus.Pulmonaria officinalis. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Calendula officinalis. 'Purpurascens'. richardii subsp. rosemary 82. 64. lemon thyme 100. odorous thyme 104. absinthium.Althaea officinalis.A. silver thyme 105. camphor. praecox subsp.Campanula rapunculus. southernwood houseleek 12.49. 66.Stachys officinalis.Stachys grandifora 93.M. 54.Viola odorata. wild lemon basil ginger 16. nitidus. herba-barona.Lychnis coronaria. officinalis 'Tricolor'. crispum. rampion 81.Levisticum officinale.Calamintha grandiflora. pontica. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. alpine savory 89. golden thyme 98. apple wormwood geranium 8. French tarragon geranium 7.O.A.Nepeta mussinii. garden sage 84.Myrrhis odorata. Roman 46. sweet 53.T. officinalis 'Purpurea'.T.A. wormwood germander 9.O.O. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. golden marjoram 26. celandine madder 79.Thymus praecox subsp.Echium vulgare.Plantago major. onites.Hyssopus officinalis.T. crimson creeping thyme 96. calamint valerian 24.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 44. yarrow herb Robert 4. 45. 55.Salvia officinalis. golden lemon thyme 99.Hypericum perforatum.Sium sisarum.Ranunculus ficaria.Tanacetum vulgare var.A. variegated garden sage 87.Physalis heterophylla.Monarda didyma. 60. sweet celandine marjoram 28. × citriodorus. pot marjoram bugloss 27. viper's 65.Alchemilla vulgaris. rose costmary campion 23.A. arcticus 'Coccineus'. St. sweet 41. basilicum 'Minimum'. 48. graveolens.Aloysia triphylla. basilicum 56. tomentosum. catmint 63. 42. fern-leaf tansy 95.P. majorana. praecox subsp. creeping veronica . balm horehound 14.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Galium odoratum.Angelica archangelica. pallasianus.T. beach 47. caraway thyme 103. golden variegated garden sage 86.Ocimum basilicum.O. basil blue hyssop 15.Achillea millefolium.Euphorbia cyparissias. white creeping thyme 97.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.P. marsh mallow 13.T. mosquito plant 19. odoratissimum. plantain 80.Satureja montana.Sempervivum tectorum.Marrubium vulgare. bee balm lovage 20. betony 92.T. 'Clear Gold'. 62.S. officinalis 'Aurea'. angelica lemon geranium 5.

Isatis tinctoria.Chrysanthemum 78.Chrysanthemum parthenium. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.A.Myrtus communis. pineapple mint 31. moth 113.Verbascum thapsus.M.29. chamomile 30. red mint comfrey 33.Origanum vulgare. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Oenothera biennis.Symphytum officinale. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. tree onion 112. wild 116. 71. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Origanum dictamnus. feverfew cinerariifolium.Anthriscus cerefolium. blattaria. spicata.Cichorium intybus.Primula veris. × piperita var. 76.Lysimachia vulgaris. chervil 68. curry plant mullein 35.Veronica officinalis. garlic 111.Laurus nobilis. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Chamaemelum nobile. Madonna lily leucanthemum. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . orange mint 32. spearmint 107.Mentha suaveolens.Prunus pensylvanica. × gentilis. 73.Allium sativum. Proliferum Group.cepa. 114.M. dyer's woad 110.Atriplex hortensis. veronica 108. cowslip 72.V. yucca 109.Helichrysum angustifolium.Yucca filamentosa.Lilium candidum.M. chicory 70. evening 77.Chrysanthemum 74. orach115. apple mint 69. ostrowskianum 34.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Dianthus plumarius 75. citrata.A.M. pin cherry 39. suaveolens 'Variegata'.

not just hiding it. its outline constructed of brick. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Francis. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. < previous page page_104 next page > . This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. A wheelshaped bed. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. of good proportion for the size of the opening. A statue of St. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. but not obvious. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. only those not found on other lists are noted here. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. loquat Cichorium intybus. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. Eleocharis dulcis. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA VI japonica. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Vetiveria zizanioides. menthifolia. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. potato Brassica eruca. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. labdanum Cistus crispus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. white Justicia carnea. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. poet's Solidago californica. lion's-ear prismaticum. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Eriobotrya japonica. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. Cestrum nocturnum. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. cat Watsonia rosea. AREA IV Ixia maculata. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago.

Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. One is a garden of legends. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. but also for proper leaf size. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. is a center of interest. and a third a culinary garden. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. The exterior brick path. not only for hardiness where needed. to name a few. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. another a Mary garden. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. scented-leaf geraniums. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. < previous page page_106 next page > . or potpourri.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. an "old rose" and fragrant. emphasizes the circle.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Galium verum. absinthe 4.Brassica nigra. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.19.Ornithogalum umbellatum. yellow 25. Angelica archangelica. 27. costmary 6. garden up sage 10. Artemisia absinthium. Chamaemelum nobile. Johnny-jump.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Crocus sativus. Viola tricolor. Chrysanthemum balsamita. chive bedstraw 16. spearmint 22.Lamium album. sweet 21. saffron crocus marigold 7. English thyme 13. Anethum graveolens.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. Linum usitatissimum.Hedera helix. blue 18.Narcissus mustard 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English ivy rosemary 8. chamomile 3. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . sweet marjoram basil 12. angelica 2.Calendula officinalis. 1.20. hyssop rose 9. flax 17. rue 28.Ruta graveolens. white dead 24.Allium schoenoprasum. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. Hyssopus officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. black 23. lady's.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. dill 11. pot 26. pyrethrum 5.Origanum majorana.

a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. < previous page page_108 next page > . It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate.

prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. beach Monarda didyma. sweet Myrtus communis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. fastigiata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Artemisia absinthium. blue Lamium maculatum. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. bay Echeveria × imbricata. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. lemon balm Mentha spicata. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. thyme Cnicus benedictus. Myrrhis odorata. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Russian 'Prostratus'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Cotinus coggygria. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. perennial flax Galium odoratum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. clove Marrubium vulgare. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. rue Malva alcea var.

< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. millstones. Viewed from the terrace garden. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. simply on a smaller scale. and huge. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. < previous page page_110 next page > . old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. too. Appropriately used as accents. features a closed knot of superior design. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. This is a general rule observed. The generous use of edgings.

Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 7. and the mulch. The number in each planting area is the key number. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. six feet in diameter.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. that of good proportion. blue hyssop 3.L. has its size dictated by a rule of design. germander 2. 'Tiny Rubies'.Teucrium chamaedrys.S. A.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.A. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. Routine clipping is required. of greater size than is commonly found. lavender 5. cheddar pink 4.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Santolina virens. dwarf box .Hyssopus officinalis. green santolina 6. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Design plan of herb garden 1.

quince Magnolia virginiana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. japonica. black haw Prunus americana. honey locust Cornus florida. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. beach plum Corylus avellana. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. box Myrica pensylvanica. dogwood Pinus nigra. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. box Calycanthus fioridus. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. goat willow Sassafras albidum. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. plum Prunus maritima.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. shadbush Salix caprea. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'.

As a rule. arcticus 'Rosea' T. praecox subsp.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Lavandula. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. its plant material varied. praecox subsp. 'Doone Valley' . 'Long-leaf Gray' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. and a miscellany of others. arcticus T. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. herba-barona. caraway thyme T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. However. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. doerfleri T. silver thyme T. leucotrichus T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. Rosmarinus. 'Argenteus'. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Annie Hall' T. Salvia. Currently. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex.

praecox subsp. woolly thyme T. involucrata. angustissimus. golden variegated sage S. golden rosemary R. angustifolia. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. anise sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. 'Clear Gold'. ramie . dentata. angustifolia subsp.T. blue sage S. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia subsp. vulgaris 'Albus' T. heterophylla. angustifolia subsp. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. golden thyme T. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. greggii. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. leucantha. pine-scented rosemary R. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. purple variegated garden sage S. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. officinalis 'Aurea'. English lavender L. autumn sage S. praecox subsp. guaranitica. officinalis 'Prostratus'. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. sweet lavender L.

balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

rupturewort. Hesperis matronalis. family needsmedicinal. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. which were located between the water supply. horsetail. a well beside the house. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Cheloneglabra. balmony. for scrubbing pots. Circumstances determined these priorities. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Primarily. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Sium sisarum. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. The house. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . to sweeten the air. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. to lure bees. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Herniaria glabra. Prunella vulgaris. obedient plant. Physostegia virginiana. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Equisetum arvense. used in salads or boiled. constructed of brick made on the property. The apple trees. culinary. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. L.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Smith.

Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. < previous page page_116 next page > . Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. too. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. for a few are in use now. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Today.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. while functional. too.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Rosmarinus officinalis. southern laciniata. yellow 12. wisteria 13. bay 7. trumpet 11.Wisteria frutescens.Punica granatum. pomegranate 3.Rosa banksiae.Sambucus canadensis. Gardenia jasminoides.Laurus nobilis.Lagerstroemia indica. garlic 9.Allium sativum. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. 16. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. rosemary 2.Lonicera flava.Syringa × persica var. fig 6. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Pinus taeda. Banksia rose 14.Lonicera sempervirens. Cape jasmine 10. 15.Prunus angustifolia.Malus angustifolia. 1.Ficus carica.

< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The effect would be quite different without them. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Appropriately. < previous page page_118 next page > . Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. Italy. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. too. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

54. American holly 16. senna woodruff 15.Pulmonaria officinalis. great 47. 33. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. tansy 65.Cimicifuga racemosa. sweet 64. saffron crocus 25. basil chive 3. yellow-root 7.Tanacetum vulgare.Gaultheria procumbens.Cassia marilandica. dogwood horehound 18.Teucrium chamaedrys. 30. fennel 40. bee balm 28.Laurus nobilis. dill 39.Monarda didyma.Digitalis purpurea.Dipsacus sativus.Rubus allegheniensis. agrimony 58.Colchicum autumnale.Lilium candidum.Calycanthus fioridus.Rosa laevigata.Eupatorium perfoliatum. peppermint 52. peony 51.Chimaphila umbellata. 68.Elizabeth Lawrence.Hypericum perforatum. blue 44. lemon 26. sweet 27.Levisticum officinale.Borago officinalis.Lindera benzoin.Lobelia siphilitica.Mentha pulegium.Ilex opaca.Mentha spicata. 37.Populus balsamifera.Ruta graveolens. clove 36. 66.Buxus sempervirens.Hyssopus officinalis. spearmint 62.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. white periwinkle spicebush 13. 63.Artemisia dracunculus var. 43. mullein 49. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Punica granatum.Symphytum officinale.Crocus sativus. myrtle 53.Armoracia rusticana. rue 56. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Ilex vomitoria. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. horsemint lobelia 23.Chamaemelum nobile. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Galium odoratum.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis. sweet flag marigold 24. 61.Sassafras albidum. yarrow lungwort 22. fuller's teasel 67.Vinca minor. 50.Verbascum thapsus. sativa.Monarda punctata.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Cornus florida.Lonicera sempervirens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 38. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. sweet shrub 10. 70.57.Hamamelis virginiana.Foeniculum vulgare. hyssop sassafras 20.Paeonia officinalis.Achillea millefolium. butterfly 32. bay lavender wintergreen 21. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Pinckneya pubens. black 29. 60.Acorus calamus.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Agrimonia eupatoria.Lavandula angustifolia.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Nepeta cataria. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 45.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum.Asclepias tuberosa. box chamomile 9. foxglove 41.Ocimum basilicum. pot 48.Dianthus caryophyllus. 55. wild ginger69. lovage 35. 42. borage 31. blue 46. garden sage 59.Mentha × piperita.Melissa officinalis.Calendula officinalis.Asarum virginicum. balm autumn crocus 2. catnip 34. St.

Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. and fragrances they developed. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. This is true for the remedies. preventives. 1 T. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. In any event.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. < previous page page_120 next page > .

sweet marjoram 6.Rosmarinus officinalis. horehound 15. English thyme rosemary 7. 1. winter savory 4.Salvia officinalis.Mentha spicata. apothecary's rose 22.Cydonia oblonga. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . opium poppy 5. sweet basil 13.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe 9.Viburnum prunifolium.Nepeta cataria. 14.Artemisia absinthium.Monarda punctata. catnip 16.Ocimum basilicum.Digitalis purpurea.Pyrus communis. pot marigold 2.Levisticum officinale. English 10. caraway 19.Mentha × piperita. foxglove 12. lavender lovage 3.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. quince 24. peppermint 18.Origanum majorana. Calendula officinalis. black haw 23.Carum carvi. horsemint 20. tansy 11.Papaver somniferum. garden sage 8. blue hyssop 21.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Satureja montana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Marrubium vulgare. spearmint 17.

Thus it was for this garden. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. < previous page page_122 next page > . The main paths of brick unify the garden. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. to study it. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. The beds are used to achieve balance. Allowed such freedom of expression. from early Moravian settlements. and bricks raise the beds.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. the other 1761. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. makes it something of a focal point. and if the best has not always survived. Some could be used singly. often it is reconstructed. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. one dated 1759. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Shaded by hop vines. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. for example the large square bed with circular path. centrally located.

. Campbell. A.L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A.S.

Rubia tinctorum.Amaranthus caudatus.Symphytum officinale. corn poppy 79. 81.Alcea rosea. English 78.Pulmonaria officinalis. cabbage angustifolia. daisy crape myrtle 23.Tropaeolum minus. black cumin 46.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa eglanteria. comfrey 33.Lagerstroemia indica. rue 14. 62. chamomile 17. betony 82. grape larkspur 41.Humulus lupulus. 68.Silybum marianum.Mentha spicata.Ficus.Allium sativum.Scabiosa atropurpurea. redbud 24.Asparagus officinalis. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. cockscomb 47. 80. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Papaver rhoeas.Rosa centifolia.Rosa roxburghii.Atriplex hortensis.Marrubium vulgare. balm chive 37. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Nepeta cataria. 1.Consolida ambigua.Tanacetum vulgare. garden nasturtium 12.Artemisia absinthium. sorrel 65. 74.Salvia viridis. clary 30. autumn crocus 34.Gelsemium sempervirens.Chamaemelum nobile.Anethum graveolens.Celosia cristata. lovage 9.Narcissus tazetta. English thyme 2. Madonna lily 59.Hydrangea quercifolia.Origanum majorana.Rosa moschata.The number in each planting area is the key number. eglantine Group. marsh mallow 7. dwarf nasturtium 13. damask coriander rose 19. rhubarb 10. spearmint 57.Magnolia grandiflora.Rosa damascena. rosemary49. lemon 64.Rumex acetosa.Armoracia rusticana. garden sage 15.Cornusflorida. sweet 55. catnip 70.Matthiola incana. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Petroselinum crispum.Mentha × piperita. madder 16.Borago officinalis.Saponaria officinalis. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . poet's narcissus 61.Levisticum officinale.Ruta graveolens.Carum carvi. lavender rose 21.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Vitis.Artemisia vulgaris.Inula helenium. 66. fennel marjoram 28.Allium schoenoprasum.Tropaeolum majus. blue 69.Foeniculum vulgare. hollyhock 51.Crocus sativus. dill 73. French rose 18.Colchicum autumnale. holy thistle 58. hyssop maypop 42.Melissa officinalis.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Clematis virginiana.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. borage 5.Rheum rhabarbarum. 48.Althaea officinalis.Salvia officinalis. basil moss rose 44. polyanthus narcissus 60.Cercis canadensis.Achillea millefolium. blessed thistle 8. columbine 29. red pepper 20. orach 76.Salvia sclarea. annual clary 3. yarrow 4.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Nigella sativa. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. love. blue 63.Narcissus poeticus. caraway 72.Passiflora incarnata.Aquilegia vulgaris. tansy 6. parsley 32. garlic lungwort 36.Chrysanthemum parthenium. asparagus 31. sweet 71. elecampane 11. mugwort67.Lilium candidum. clove 53. 52. absinthe 45.Stachys officinalis. 54.Bellis perennis.Cnicus benedictus. horehound 56.Dianthus caryophyllus. virgin's bower 40. hop southernwood 39.77. Carolina jessamine 38.Rosa gallica. stock 50.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. chestnut rose 43.Coriandrum sativum.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The lesser the scale. Usually this is least desirable. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Although some observations may seem obvious. and the north point is established. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. even boggy. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Calluna (heather). First. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. the western. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. This space was never adequate. A ravine and existing. The next most desirable exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Thus. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. far from the house. it is proper to make a trial run. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step.

but it need not be identical. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Then. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. Indeed. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. and the property line on the last. The general outline is similar. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. certainly not precisely the same. 77 provided the needed inspiration.ground where drainage is better. It was a pleasurable assignment. Culinary herbs will fill a large. 127 indicates. The outline is fixed. < previous page page_126 next page > . The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The. another is close to the rear of the house. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. and the search did not take long. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. all four sides are so determined. single bed. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. There is the housegarage structure on one side. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. a driveway on still another. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. as the drawing on p. The new herb garden has been located.

In fact. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. With the plan established. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. forming the outer boundary of the service path. If. In addition. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. There was no . something is amiss. as in this case. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. then north. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If all is well. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. this low wall will enclose the garden area.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. Two drawings were required to work out problems. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

A structural edging was in order. this was. In this case. . Before edgings could be put in place.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. a lapped joint was fashioned. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. the site required some leveling. and the finished edging would be effective. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. not one completed in a weekend. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. At corners. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. In the earlier stage of planning. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. the eight-foot length was more practical. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. eight. However. In this area. admittedly. However. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. however.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. had been proof of that. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. A choice of five colors was available. Aged compost. sand. filling the beds with soil was next. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. The pattern is running bond. This method of treatment now guarantees . These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. this same base underlies all the paths. for they will likely have more traffic. could serve this purpose. Heavy black plastic. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. leaves. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Paving for the terraced area is brick. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. selected for its simplicity. Unfortunately. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. One is the ramp to the driveway. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Weeds. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. but there are exits to different levels. The latter need to be more substantially paved.

All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. worth the added cost. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. even bed for the pavers. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. However. on a trial run of one course of brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers.

. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. Herbs have flourished in the beds. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. With the completion of the paths. the terraced area. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. converging where it was logical to do so. since that path borders the house. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. In this instance. and the steps to other levels. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds." their construction can be somewhat varied. for it would interfere with the drainage system. French drains. Sometimes called "rubble drains. learned about decades earlier. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook.

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and so on. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. E EllipseAn oval. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. casts the shadow for the hour. having a variety of gradations. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. in tenths of an inch. for example. hundredths of an inch. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. in inches. sixteenths of an inch. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. not necessarily referable to botanical species. a garden plan. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Its arrow points north and. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. is symmetrical. twelfths of an inch. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. and so on. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. for example. albula. often a wall or trellis.

Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. roofed structure usually open on the sides. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. loose. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. M ManufactoryA factory. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs.brick) in the same course. GrindstoneMillstone. Usually a few inches thick. Pea gravelSmall. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. turf. G GazeboA freestanding. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. a flat.3. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. rounded fragments of rock. or colored earths. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. heated especially by fermenting manure. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. also called rubble drain. its compartments filled with flowers. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence.3). a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. a patterned garden. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. ForthrightA straight course or path. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground.

Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters.

SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. ranking between species and variety. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. walls. Stone. W Wall. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. R Rose. called also a hose cock. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Turf seatBanked-up earth. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. snug fit for walks. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. cutting. < previous page page_132 next page > . or steps. V VarietyA category below species. TreillageLatticework for vines.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. often planted with aromatic herbs. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. not treelike or with a single trunk. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls.

P. Toronto. Hortus Third. Herbals. New York: E. Doran & Co. London: Adam and Charles Black. The Garden (An Illustrated History).: Geo. Complements. H. Charlotte. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Independence. Carpenter.. Helen Morgenthau. Baumgardt. Agnes. Julia S. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. and Accessories. Coats. 1976. How Plants Get Their Names. 1942. 14701670. New York: Crown Publishers. and Garden. New York: Macmillan. ed.. Green Enchantment. 1944. Behme. London: Country Life. . Book of the Geranium. John. Garden City: Doubleday. Beston.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Foster. 1958. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. New York: Viking Press. 1911. 1963. . Garden Design. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Dutton & Co. London: Saturn Press. Cross. Prof. Erichsen-Brown. 1970. Brownlow. The Herb Garden. Frances A. Crowe. H. 1951. Harriet Ballard. Gertrude B. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. London: Macmillan. New York: Macmillan.C. Room Outside. Roses. Jot. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1935. 1982. and Louden.. Rosemary F. Helen H. Foster. 1966. Bailey Hortorium. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Rosetta E. Brookes. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. New York: Macmillan. 1957. 1951. New York: Viking Press. 1979. Kent: The Herb Farm. Aurora. Margaret E. 1966. New York. New York: Dover. Earle. The Small Garden. Terrace. Batsford. Alice Morse. L.. Park Seed Co. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Gertrude B. Henry. 1933. The Cultivated Basils. 1938. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Sylvia. Greenwood. Bailey. Darrah. 1961. Berrall. John Philip. Daniel J. Sevenoaks. P. 1973. John E. London. New York: Macmillan. Liberty Hyde. .. T. 1972. New York: G. Putnam's Sons. New York: Hawthorne Books. Herbs and the Earth. 1902. 1962. Clarkson. Bardswell. Fox. British Plants. Edlin. L. Robert Lee. Staff of. Flannery. S. London: Marshall Cavendish. Mo. 1977. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1971. W. 1972. Herbsfor Every Garden. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Peter. 1980. Hanging Plants for Home. Sydney: B. Foley.: Buckeye Printing Co. Seal. 1980. Park's Success with Herbs. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1971.

Roy. 1971. 1981. New York: Clarkson N. Loyal R. Sylva.: Herald Publishing Co. A. Claire. Gardens in Winter. New York: William Morrow & Co. Boston. Walter. The Berry Book.. Paul B. ed. Modern Herbal. Alice Recknagel. Roses of the World in Color. Johnson. New York: Harper & Bros. 1976. Mass. 1952. Kiaer. Krauss. New York: Doubleday.. Horace. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Vegetable Dyeing. 1961. New York: De La Mare. Mrs. Frederic. Grieve. Cherokee Plants. 1946. chemist. Harold N. New York: Macmillan. 1979.: Livingston Pub. and Rice. Grow and Enjoy. Books.. The Art of Dyeing. J. Loewenfeld.Garland. How to Select. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. Rev. Jones. Hay. 1976. 1975. Flowers of the Field. Carol. Lerner. Franco. Howard. 1971. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. M. New York: Van Nostrand. A Biblical Garden. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. and Brunello. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Division Billboard Publications.. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. 1970. Italy. Alma. A Garden of Herbs. Dutton & Co. Hamel.. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Loewenfeld. Mary U. Hendrickson. New York: Viking Press. Claire. Philippa. Rosengarten. 1964. Neri. 1978. Adelma G. Toronto: Little. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Sarah. C. 1973. Tucson: H. Miller. Early American Gardens. Moldenke. Waltham. Geraniums for Home and Garden.. Shaker Herbs. P. Brown & Co. Elizabeth. George H. Eigel. Johns. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1970. 1975. Dorothy Bovee. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1959. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1938. Patrick M. Robert. Myron. Muenscher. How to Landscape Your Grounds. The Book of Spices. Frances. < previous page page_133 next page > . London: George Routledge & Sons. Wynnewood.: Chronica Botanica Co. Lawrence. Lawrence. Lesch. Norma Jean.. and Synge. Plants of the Bible. McFarland. Leighton. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. M. 1982. 1951. Pozza. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Simmons. and Alma L.C. Helen K. New York: Dover. and Chiltoskey. New York: Dover. N.. Potter. 1972. (1st American edition trans. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Ann. New York: E.. London: Faber and Faber. Co. Ireys. 1969. 2d ed. Herbs. Vicenza. 1966. 1969. Landscaping with Vines. 1983. . Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. The Herb Garden. Pa. New York: William Morrow and Co. Lathrop. 1981. New York: Macmillan. New York: Crown Publishers. Bernard Hickey. 1911. Eleanour Sinclair. Amy Bess.. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Boston. Jr.) Rohde. and Back. 1974.. 1974. New York: Macmillan. P.

1976. Winthrop G.. Frank M. Austin R. Martha Dahlen. Building Stone Walls. 1979. L. New York: St..A. L. 1965. Price. Campbell.A. Katherine S. L.A. F. A. Melissa R. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Mrs. L. Jr.. Mrs. L. William Radler. 1962. Marshall. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Paxton. Singleton. William T. Berkeley Brandt. 1972. George. Mrs. Vt. Mrs.A. Nelva M. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. W T. The History of Gardens. Charles Patch. Lamm. Philip Batchelder.. 1957. Keebler. Tarantino. Ingersoll. James C.L. Leonard Dreyfuss. Jo Lohmolder. London: Phoenix House. Wilder.. Mrs. Pees. McGarry. C. T. Esther. Meyer. Stuart. White. The Fragrant Year. Mrs. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1931. 1953. Virginia B. L. Rhoda Specht. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.. Boerner. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Robert G. Graham Stuart. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Jr.. Hines. John. Revised by Dr. Smith. and Bell. Gannaway.A.. Elizabeth Lawrence. Neil Hamill Park. Henry Gund. Amy Bess Miller.. Associate. L. Yang.A. Michael. Moffit. New York. ed. Mrs. Mrs.The Old Shrub Roses. Stearn. 1942. Bates.. Rev. 1953. L. Sandy Hicks. Plants of the Bible. New York: Dover. Maxton Davies. New York: Hafner. Helen Noyes.A.S. . A. Morss. Botanical Latin. Benjamin McF.A. New York: McGraw-Hill. The Fragrant Garden. John Poinier. 1979. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Charles L. 1976. 1974. Leonie. Martin's Press. James D.. Sherry D. Malcolm. New York: St. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Donald Paxton.: Garden Way.L.D. Webster. Mrs. . Elisabeth W. Baker.A. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. New ed. Helen Van Pelt. . Mrs. Bleecker. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Madalene Hill.A.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. William Y Dear. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. 1979. Martin. Taylor. Cozart. Mrs.. Bynam. A. 1961. New York: Farrar. Diane C. London: Phoenix House. Taloumis. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Straus. Mrs. Linda.. Vera Breed. Margaret Osborn Holt. Bush. Boston: Ralph T. ed. Graham. Mrs. W. New York: William Morrow & Co. Thomas. L. Giroux. Herbert G. A. Mrs.A.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Zohary. Raymond V. Hammond Crawford. Alfred L. Shrub Roses of Today. L. 1982. H..A. Jr. 1972. The Shakespeare Garden. Peter M. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Griffin. New York. Thacker. L.A.. Mrs. Z.A. Marion E. Barbara Capen. and Mrs.A.. Climbing Roses Old and New. Robert K.S.. Wilson. New York: William Farquhar Payson.. Hale & Co.. Lucile Teeter Kissack. John Ormsbee. Mrs. L. Indianapolis. 1967. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mrs. 1972. Mrs.R. Plimpton. Mrs. A. Mr. New York: Doubleday. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Jack Emil Geist. Weber. Mrs.L. Stearn. 1975.A. Martin's. Vivian. . Toronto: Van Nostrand.. Container Gardening Outdoors. 1966. L..S. George T. Susan W. L. Herbs in the Garden. Norman. Bradner. Fragrance in the Garden. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Landscape Architecture.A. Louise Beebe. William T. and Robert B.. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs.A. Mrs. William W. William C. Christopher. Charlotte.

The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mrs. Christopher Spencer. Atlanta. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Skinner. Shaker Community. < previous page page_134 next page > . University of Michigan. Michigan State University. Lawrence Schetky. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Kingwood Center. Wilcox. L.. Smith (Ann Leighton). Mrs. Wisc.A. L. Atlanta Historical Society. Mrs. Linda Yang. Old Salem... Cleveland. N.. Mich. Weeks Brick House. Booker Worthen. Inc. Mrs. James S. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. L. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. and Mrs. Walter Rebmann. Rose.. Mrs. Matthew Miksch House... Faith H.. Christopher Rady. Old Slater Mill Museum. Mich.Rady. Plain Dealer Photo. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Roberts. Hales Corners. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Ohio. Eloise andJo Ray. Bailey. Frederick E. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Talbot III. Joan E.C. Milton Stricker.. Pawtucket. Mrs. Mass. N. Derthick. Little Rock. Winston-Salem. Architect. Inc. Linda Yang...A. The following provided historical. Ark. L. Eric Duke Scott. Hancock Shaker Village. Hancock. Western Reserve Herb Society. Mr. Jean Ruh. G. Mrs. Mrs. N. Greenland. Mrs.. James F. The Country Doctor Museum. Helen M. Milton C.A. Timothy Procter Ruh. Joe H.A..H... Lansing. Swanson. Gayle. Mansfield. Elbert Smith. civic. Whitman. John A.C. Isadore L. Edmund G. Boerner Botanical Gardens. R. Semple. Harper.I. Ohio. Ann Arbor. L. Ga. Nathan Sameth. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America.

eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. barbadensis A. officinalis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . A. Narcissus triandrus. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. maritima L. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Myrrhis odorata. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. A. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. E. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. C. azoricum. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. A.

sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. Lamium album Viburnum. P. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. G. M. officinalis. laevis Rhododendron . esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. officinalis Populus. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Solanum aculeatissimum S. P. melongena var. false Galium aristatum. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. lycopersicum. V. V.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. albula A. F. ludoviciana var. acerifolium. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. Monarda didyma Crataegus. podagraria Asparagus A. S. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. grandiflorus Melissa M. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. coronaria . Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha Symphytum S. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Mertensia virginica. P. oleracea. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. B. vulgaris A. M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. angustifolia. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis.

B. C. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. V. maculatum G. sativum R. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. pseudonarcissus miniature N. angustifolia. M. macrocarpon. N. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . Campsis Cardamine pratensis. M. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. B. ioensis Vaccinium. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. coronaria. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. alpinum R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. Italian D Daffodil M. verna.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. V. alpinum R.

leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. obtusifolius R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Hosta H. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. triphyllum . frutescens C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. H. C. lilioasphodelus H. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. obtusifolius Rumex R. R. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. lilioasphodelus. crispus. rivieri. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. D. Ferocactus latispinus. acetosa. Chrysanthemum frutescens. T officinale Bellis. x superbum Hemerocallis. A. Sansevieria. A.

damascena. C. N. N. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Gnaphalium.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. pungens Sambucus S. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. ragusina. S. azoricum Nigella. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Centaurea cineraria. N. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. gymnocarpa. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. C. Senecio cineraria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Helichrysum. Antennaria. Lychnis coronaria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. arvensis.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

regalis Adiantum. versicolor. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. P. Osmunda.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. A. usitatissimum L. perenne . O. L. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. carica Corylus C.× germanica I. carica F. I. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum.

Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. Fumaria C. Pelargonium. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × germanica Myosotis M. × hortorum P. tuberosum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lutea Allium sativum A. P. quercifolium P. sativum var. grossularioides P radens P. odoratissimum P. sphaerocephalum A. purpurea D. I. sylvatica Digitalis D. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . lanata D. × limoneum P. neapolitanum A. scorodoprasum A.

pratensis . graveolens P. scabrum P graveolens P. A. A. denticulatum P. T. × jatrophifolium P. × citrosum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. crispum P. canadense.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. tomentosum P. P. × nervosum P. capitatum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. canadense T. chamaedrys T. officinale Z. quercifolium P. Z. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. glutinosum. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. Tragopogon. T. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum.

Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Vitis monticola. Oxalis deppei. V. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. C. nervosa V. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . M. torquata E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. C.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

L. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. G. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. C. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Ophiopogon L. Lythrum. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. W. triacanthos G. Pulmonaria . Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. majalis Liriope.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia.

pedatum Hibiscus. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M.blue M Mace. tenuifolia T. M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. Malva. grandiflora M. M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. C. lucida . erecta T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. alcea var. erecta T. patula Calendula officinalis T. erecta T. A. Malva.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. requienii M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. R. × piperita var. suaveolens M. major. suaveolens 'Variegata' . Astrantia. A. crispii M. citrata M. vulgare O. citrata. Spiraea alba. odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. majorana O. O. S. × piperita var. aquatica var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. citrata M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. piperita var. onites O. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. dictamnus O. majorana O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. vulgare O.

alba Verbascum. M. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. × gentilis M. V. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Myrrhis odorata. rubra M. thapsus V. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. V. vulgaris A. communis. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. olympicum. Azolla caroliniana. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. A. Myrtus. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Umbellularia californica.

album L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. tazetta Tropaeolum T. V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. minus T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. nudum. poeticus N. P. L. majus T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.

trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Proliferum Group A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . fistulosum Atriplex. cepa A. Castilleja californica. fragrans Allium.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. C. florentina. I. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. fragrans O. S. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. A. A. Scilla verna. cepa. telephium Iris × germanica var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. hortensis A. cepa. vulgare var. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. O. fistulosum A.

× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. crispum P. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. P. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca. crispum var. A. patens. P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.

annuum. Longum Group C. retroflexus. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Grossum Group C. C. paniculata P. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. A. C. frutescens C. album Ranunculus ficaria . Longum Group cone green C. annuum. Piper C. roseus C. C. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. annuum. C. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Conoides Group Capsicum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. C. Chenopodium.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. Marsilea Perilla.

Prunus japonica. taeda P. watsonii P maritima P. taeda Chimaphila. umbellata var. × paradisiaca. plumarius D. officinalis Dianthus D. americana .Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Plantago P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. C. P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. plumarius. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. caryophyllus D. umbellata var. Silene laciniata. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. M. nigra P strobus P taeda P. gratianopolitanus D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. alpinus D. C. P salicina P angustifolia. angustifolia var.

biennis P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. vulgare Lithospermum. E. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. L. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. carnea Phytolacca americana P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. rhoeas P. 0. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. S.

C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. P. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. R. A. Hesperis . sativum var. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. rhabarbarum R. pepo Portulaca. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. canadensis C. coccineum C. Diplotaxis. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C.

Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. spinosissima R. sativa Rosa R. × borboniana R. Rubus coronarius R. gallica R. canina. damascena 'Bifera' R. laevigata R. × borboniana R. moschata . × borboniana Kerria. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. banksiae R. damascena R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. canina R. R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia R. Rosa chinensis R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. chinensis 'Minima' R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. × harisonii R.

Salvia hierosolymitana . R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. caerula. clevelandii S. × rehderana R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. greggii S. S. officinalis Limonium R. pitcheri S. rugosa R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. sclarea S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rosmarinus. azurea subsp. angustissimus R. setigera R. guaranitica S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. microphylla S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. officinalis S.

marilandica Amelanchier . leucophylla S. S. T. virens. S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. leucantha S. A. Salicornia. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. elegans S. chamaecyparissus S. hebecarpa. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. guaranitica S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. maritimum E.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. neapolitana S. viridis S. montana Scabiosa S. C. chamaecyparissus S. P. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. P. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. C. G. coggygria. biflorum . Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. nivalis Lamium album. americana.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria Cotinus. coggygria C. P. V. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. C.

serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. S. acetosa. O. japonica Sorbaria. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. Ornithogalum arabicum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. scutatus R. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. pyrenaicum. O. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. H. patulum. R. officinalis thyme-leaved V. V. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . E. L. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. H. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. crassipes O. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M.

perennis. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. chiloensis F. vesca F. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vulgare var. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. O. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. crispum T. O. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. vulgare var. dracunculus var. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. incana M. M. C. floridus Philadelphus . incana M. T vulgare T. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vesca F.

arcticus T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. marianum S. sativus Cirsium Cnicus.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. 'Argenteus' T. praecox T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. pallasianus T. C. T. sylvestris D. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. 'Clear Gold' T. phaenopyrum C. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. E. × citriodorus T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. laevigata Eupatorium. Silybum marianum S. praecox subsp. marianum S. A. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. maritima Thymus. benedictus.

clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. pruinosa. noli-tangere. P. sanctum Tulipa T. alata Lycopersicon. lycopersicum var. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. L. I. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. peruviana P. P. cerasiforme. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. sanctum O. lycopersicum L. Coreopsis Linaria. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. Physalis peruviana L. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. lycopersicum var. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . C. praecox subsp.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T.

odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. caeruleum Clematis. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. odorata V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. cornuta V. P. C. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. odorata V. C. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Chimaphila. cornuta 'Alba' V. caprea . lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. canina. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V.

W. nudum Isatis I. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. verticillata Chimaphila. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. S. annua A. Vanilla barbellata A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. camphorata A. frigida A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. ambrosioides Artemisia. Gaultheria procumbens. Corydalis sempervirens A. V. Stachys . tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. pontica. gmelinii A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. I.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. absinthium A. caprea.

vomitoria I. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . tomentosa Ilex cassine. taygetea A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. X. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. ageratum A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. simplicissima Cladrastis. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. × media 'Hicksii' T. I. lutea. millefolium A. C. filipendulina A.

five-finger f. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. breviflora A. butter-print. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow ... fragrant g. lion's tail anise hyssop. cana A. alpinus Aconitum A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. monkshood flowering maple. theophrasti Acacia A. Indian mallow. sanguinary. blue giant hyssop. h.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. napellus Acorus A. monkshood helmut flower. calamus maidenhair fern. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.. nose-bleed. parlor m. ageratum A. h. taygetea A. pedatum Agastache A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. Indian mallow China jute. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. thousand-seal. maidenhair fern. fourcroydes sweet flag. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. maidenhair American maidenhair. longifolia Achillea A. foeniculum Agave A. calamus Adiantum A. millefolium A. fennel g. yarrow sneezeweed.

. schnittlauch giant garlic . hemp plant agrimony. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. Pulchellum A.. tree o. ciboule. reptans Alcea A. senescens var. karataviense A. christophii A.A. githago Ajuga A. lily leek daffodil garlic. serpent garlic chive. neapolitanum A. Rosenbachianum A. flavum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. Japanese bunching o. cocklebur. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. cive. vulgaris Allium A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. purple c. fistulosum A. two-bladed o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. garlic rocambole. giganteum A. ostrowskianum A... rosea Alchemilla A. alpina A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. ophioscorodon A. sativum var. scorodoprasum A. sisal hemp. flowering o. schoenoprasum A. moly A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. Spanish o. sativum A.

wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. triphylla Althaea A. garlic c. canadensis Amsonia A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. Curasao a. white m. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinalis Amaranthus A...glaucum A. shad. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. sphaerocephalum A. tuberosum Aloe A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. shadbush. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. marschalliana A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. blanda A. medicinal a. juneberry. caudatus Amelanchier A. officinarum Anchusa A. bugloss alkanet. japonica A. bugloss windflower. officinalis Anemone A. hupehensis var. cerefolium chervil angelica. Oriental garlic . barbadensis Aloysia A. archangel. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. pulsatilla Anethum A.. Barbados a.

alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A. chrysantha A. graveolens var. European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.

tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. albula A. sandberry. maritima Armoracia A. dracontium A. annua A. mealberry. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. pink or white horseradish. virginicum bearberry. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mugwort. lactiflora A. rusticana Artemisia A. stewardsonii Armeria A. camphorata A. bear's grape. wormwood southernwood. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. sea pink thrift. sativa A. triphyllum A. kinnikinick. old man southernwood absinthe. hog cranberry. Ludoviciana var.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. arborescens A. dracunculus var. gmelinii A. mountain box. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. europaeum A. red cole sagebrush. asarabacca wild ginger. creashak green-dragon. pontica A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. canadense A. triphyllum subsp. frigida A.

talewort. cool-tankard cole. papyrifera Boehmeria B. upland cress winter cress. s. s. B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. garden o.Asclepias A. wild indigo. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. wild indigo blue false indigo. ruby s. rocket. plains f. c. silkweed. vulgaris. tuberosa Asparagus A. China grass borage borage. tuberroot. piprage beet swiss chard. vulgaris Bellis B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. ruby s. c. i. orach sea orach. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. jaundice berry.. butterfly flower butterfly weed. tinctoria Barbarea B. australis B. c. wild blue i. saltbush orach.. mountain spinach false indigo. yellow r. Chinese silk plant. mustard . pleurisy root. c. officinalis Astrantia A. perennis Berberis B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. nivea Borago B. hortensis B Baptista B. rattleweed winter cress. major Atriplex A. halimus A.

oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C.. microphylla 'Nana' B. pineapple s. floridus Campanula C. grandiflora Calendula C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.. microphylla var. eruca B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. sempervirens B. officinalis Calycanthus C. white-flowered k. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . carpatica C. koreana B. strawberry s. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B.

o. p. p.. o. p.. bell p. o. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o. p. o. p. trumpet vine. persicifolia C. p. p. pimento sweet pepper s.. green p. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. chili p. C. sweet pepper. trumpet flower. < previous page page_147 next page > . radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p.C. s. p. p. cow-itch. o. o. s. green p.. s. rapunculus Campsis C. o. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. red p.

.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. illinoinensis C. shellbark h. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. nobile Chelidonium C... bastard s. carvi Carya C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle.. Russian c. red p. Tabasco p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. deodara Celosia C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. senna. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. frutescens Carthamus C.. capsicum p. garden c. snakehead . old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. tinctorius Carum C. canariensis Cedrus C. Madagascar periwinkle. false saffron. ovata Cassia C. cristata Cercis C. marilandica Catharanthus C. chili p. Tabasco-sauce p. celandine celandine turtlehead. majus Chelone cayenne p.

balsamita C. mint geranium. Robert Brydon' C. bonus-henricus C.. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.C. × superbum Cichorium C. glabra Chenopodium C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. coccineum C. lutea Clematis C. devil's-darning- . umbellata Chionanthus C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine.. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. wintergreen. American w. feather geranium. Spanish t. pyrethum. botrys Chimaphila C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. frutescens C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. old-man's-beard costmary.. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. leather flower. parthenium C. rattletop black cohosh. fat hen ambrosia. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. virgin's bower.. pigweed Mexican tea. alecost pyrethrum. cinerariifolium C. leucanthemum C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. barbe-de-capuchin. virgilia virgin's bower. Chinese dwarf 1. ambrosioides C. wax flower. Dalmatia p. Meyer 1. crispus C. wormseed. virginiana balmony goosefoot. dwarf 1. ladanifer Citrus C. intybus Cimicifuga C. leather flower. racemosa Cistus C.

smokebush smoke tree. arkansana C. apiculatus Crataegus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. trifolia Coreopsis C. ambigua C. majalis Convolvulus C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C.needle Cnicus C. laevigata C. thorn apple. tinctoria Coriandrum C. smoke plant. orientalis Convallaria C. red haw hawthorn English h. peregrina Consolida C. benedictus Coix C. thorn. florida Corylus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. quick-set. Chinese parsley dogwood. coggygria Cotoneaster C. avellana Cotinus C.. cneorum Coptis C. sativum Cornus C. autumnale Comptonia C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . Venetian sumac. smokebush.

citratus Cytisus C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C... sempervirens Cydonia C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. angustifolius C. speciosus 'Albus' C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. kotschyanus C.C. sativus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. gracilis Dianthus D. scoparius C. sieberi C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . speciosus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. × allwoodii D. West Indian 1. maritimum Crocus C.

'White Lace' Dicentra D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . burning bush. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. gas plant. carnation. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. grandiflora D. sativus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. lanata D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. sylvestris Doronicum D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D.

californica Eucalyptus E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. viridis Epimedium E. torquata Euonymus E. J. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. sea eryngo California poppy C. poppy eucalypt. gum tree. S.E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. hyemale Eranthis E. arvense E. rugosum v. plum eryngo sea holly. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. sea holm. jacinth. maritimum Eschscholzia E. japonica Eryngium E. perfoliatum E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. Japanese medlar. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. ironbark. blueweed. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . dulcis Endymion E. Australian gum. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. epimedium barrenwort. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. pungens Eleocharis E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. b. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E.. vulgare Elaeagnus E.

officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.Euphorbia E. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . major Fragaria F. alpine s. ulmaria F. a. vulgare var. cyparissias F Ferula F.s. imperialis Fumaria F. a. sow-teat s. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.s. assafoetida Ficus F. a. chiloensis F. vulgaris Foeniculum F.s. vulgare F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. finocchio. vulgare subsp. vulgare F.

. ground ivy. woodwaxen. Capejasmine wintergreen. our-lady's-b. Carolina yellow j. wild c. hexapetala G Galanthus G. mollugo G. cleavers white bedstraw. spotted c. field balm. gardenia. nivalis Galium G. runaway robin. mountain tea. Carolina jasmine G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. triacanthos Gossypium G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. false baby's-breath woodruff. alumroot herb Robert. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. pulegioides American pennyroyal. vernalis H. checkerberry.F. jasminoides Gaultheria G. hederacea Gleditsia G. germanica G. red Robin . maculatum G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom.. mock p. robertianum Glechoma G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. sweet w. virginiana Hedeoma H. verum Gardenia G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium... sempervirens evening trumpet flower. dyer's greenweed. odoratum G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. honey locust.. tinctoria Geranium G. teaberry.

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hibiscus kenaf. daylily .. Indian hemp. corsicus H. bimlipatum j. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. foetidus H.. giant m. lemon d. garland 1. blacking plant plantain lily.. licorice plant heliotrope. cannabinus H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. matronalis Hibiscus H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. rose-of-China. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. atrorubens H. angustifolium H. niger H.. flavescens Helenium H. Chinese hibiscus. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. Hawaiian h. sweet r. turnsole heliotrope.. China rose.. mallow.. glabra Hesperis H. bimli j. rose m. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. bastard jute. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. arborescens Helleborus H. curry plant false licorice. lividus subsp. × luteola Herniaria H. Deckaner h. lilioasphodelus H. Deccan h. petiolatum Heliotropium H.

I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I.-John's-wort St. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.-John's-wort St. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. crenata var. quercifolia Hydrastis H. lupulus Hydrangea H. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. horned h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. orangeroot.. perforatum Hyssopus H. navelwort gotu kola St.H. box-leaved h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. box-leaved h. white h. European h. . crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. Burford's holly Japanese holly. asiatica Hypericum H. rose h. patulum 'Sungold' H.

spotted t. helenium Ipomoea I.. vomitoria 'Nana' I. tinctoria Inula I.I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. touch-me-not jewelweed. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. glabra I. cristata I. crested i. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. florentina I. yellow flag. water f. horizontalis creeping j. tinctoria Ixia I. J. pseudacorus Isatis I. capensis Indigofera I. opaca I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . virginiana red cedar jasmine. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. crested dwarf i. alba Iris I. African corn lily corn lily orris. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. snapweed. woad dyer's woad. officinale Juniperus J. 'Great Lakes' I. chinensis var. jewelweed.. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. maculata J Jasminum J. wilsonii Impatiens I.. × germanica var.

plume flower. album L. white d. carnea Brazilian-plume. maculatum L. dentata var.. nobilis Lavandula L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. paradise p.Justicia water willow J.. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . dumb nettle. king'scrown L Lactuca L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. flamingo p. angustifolia subsp. dentata L. n. indica Lamium L. angustifolia L... plume plant. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. bay. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. sweet bay laurel. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. n. d.

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

sativum Leucojum L. summer s. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. pepperwort. marsh rosemary. statice statice toadflax spicebush. hedge plant privet. aestivum Levisticum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. perenne L. blue cardinal flower . Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. usitatissimum Liriope L. officinale Ligustrum L. chalcedonicum Limonium L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. muscari Lobelia L. benzoin Linum L. lovage privet.. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. candidum L.

penny f. silver-dollar. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. virginiana sweet alyssum. lycopersicum var. vulgaris Lythrum L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . honesty. money plant. europaeus Lysimachia L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. coral h. stellata M. grandiflora M. lycopersicum var. flava L. gypsywort. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. maritima L. coronaria 'Alba' L. catchfly mullein pink. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. satin flower honesty. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. coronaria L.. moonwort. sempervirens Lunaria L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. campion. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. cordata Magnolia M. annua Lychnis L.L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L.

Scotch m.Mahonia M. apple m. pulegium M. lemon m.. longifolia M. cowslip. Virginia c. hupehensis Malva M. blue barberry apple. Oregon g. horsemint peppermint orange mint. vulgare Matthiola M. b. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. gillyflower. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot.. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. imperial stock balm lemon b. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. 'Eau de Cologne' M. angustifolia M. bergamot m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.. incana Melissa M. Brampton stock.. citrata M. × piperita M.. pennyroyal Corsican m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. alcea var. curly m. requienii M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. white h.. Virginia b. sweet b. pineapple m. horsemint . musk m. × piperita var. holly g.. lungwort bluebells. mountain g. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. American crab. stock stock. menthella.. fastigiata Marrubium M.. bee b. × gentilis M. aquatica M. bluebells. holly mahonia. holly barberry. 'Guiding Star' M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. incanum M. officinalis Mentha M.

swamp c. Manila hemp forget-me-not. citriodora M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. sylvatica Myrica M. white bee balm pink b. punctata Montia M. pink b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Swedish m. candleberry. fistulosa var. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. winter purslane. odorata Myrtus M. white b. red m. myrrh. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. textilis Myosotis M. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M.. sweet cicely. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm.M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. Oswego tea. banana abaca. b. Greek myrtle. anise. fistulosa M. menthifolia M. American m.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

pensylvanica P. elatior P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. widdy shrubby c. sieboldii 'Alba' P.. balsam p. Jerusalem sage. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. granatum Pyrus P.. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. domestica P. vulgaris Prunus P. aspen. sand p. pasture b.. persica Pteridium P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. brake. hog-pasture b. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil .Poncirus P. five-finger shrubby c. nepalensis P. Americana P. trifoliata Populus P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. veris Prunella P. angustifolia P. maritima P. golden hardhack. all-heal salad burnet. hackmatack. lungwort blue 1. hardy orange poplar. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. heal-all. tacamahac cinquefoil. brake bracken. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange.

red currant. × borboniana R. moss r. sweetbrier French r. eglanteria R. typhina Ribes R. eglantine.Quercus Q... Bourbon r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. . dog r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. crowfoot lesser celandine. canina R. pilewort mignonette weld. stellata R Ranunculus R. garden c. purshiana Rheum R. garden r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. autumn damask r. 'Cinderella' R. alpinum R. small c. dog b. gallica damask r. luteola Rhamnus R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. mountain c. China r. chinensis 'Minima' R.. York-and-Lancaster r. pie plant. ficaria Reseda R. brier r. brier Banksia r. banksiae R. rose. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. cabbage r. pygmy r. fairy r. moss r. sativum Rosa R. gooseberry alpine c....

Japanese r. moschata R.. obtusifolius R. roxburghii R. spinosissima R.. × rehderana R. r. setigera R. garden sorrel broad dock. Scotch r. climbing r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. bitter d. climbing r. angustissimus R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. wichuraiana R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. chinquapin r. tinctorum Rubus R. chestnut r. rugosa R. Harison's yellow r. French sorrel rue . laevigata R. Cherokee r.'Officinalis' R. prostrate rosemary. musk r. rosemary pine-scented r. golden p. Turkestan r. 'Schneezwerg' R.. hirta Rumex R. burnet r. madder bramble blackberry. prairie r. sorrel. acetosa R. dock s. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. rosemary white r.. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. polyantha r. snowdwarf memorial r. × harisonii R.

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variegated garden s. leucantha S. bloodroot red puccoon. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. microphylla S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. garden s. leucophylla S. caerula S. clary annual clary elder. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. elegans S. sclarea S. canadensis willow. purple sage baby sage garden sage. s. viridis Sambucus S. gray sage. purple variegated garden s. s. pussy willow sage. Mexican bush s. argentea S. greggii S. purple g.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. bloodroot rue . elderberry American e. involucrata S. golden g. guaranitica S. clevelandii S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. osier goat willow. American e. caprea Salvia S.

devil's tongue. Mary's t. marianum Sium S. St. roof h. good-luck plant. officinalis Sassafras S. blessed t. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. hortensis S.. pinnata S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. albidum Satureja S. neapolitana S. mourning-bride stonecrop. pincushion flower pincushions. telephium Sempervivum S. tectorum Silybum S. mad apple . orpine donkey's tail orpine. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. hemp plant snake plant. morganianum S. atropurpurea Sedum S.Sanguisorba S. live-forever houseleek. trifasciata Santolina S. sweet s. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. milk t.. skirret potato vine eggplant.. hen-and-chickens. virens Saponaria S. sisarum Solanum S. canadensis Sansevieria S. lucky plant. melongena var. live-forever houseleek. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina.. jasminoides S.

sorbifolia Sorbus S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Aztec m. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. byzantina S. hedge nettle. lilac . woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. laciniata Persian lilac S. patula melongene. californica Sorbaria S. erecta marigold African m. officinale Syringa S. officinale S. laevis Symphytum S..'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T.. grandiflora S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. americana Stachys S. × persica var. lutea Stokesia S. woundwort lamb's-ears. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. reticulata var. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. big m. vulgaris 'Addie V.

germander American g. filifolia T. carnosus T.. fruticans T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. sweet mace French m. signet m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. lemon t.. occidentalis Thymus T. columnar y. lucida T. dense y. 'Argenteus' T. tansy tansy. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. officinale Taxus T. wood sage germander dwarf. dwarf m. yew conical y. vulgare T. .T. canadense T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. procumbent g. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. vulgare var. marum Thuja T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. culinary golden lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T.. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. upright y. crispum Taraxacum T.

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serpyllum T. odorus t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. lemon t. pallasianus T. wishbone flower. confederatej. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. richardii subsp.. caraway t. t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. creeping t. pratensis Trichostema T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. lanatum Trifolium T. crimson c. leucotrichus T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. . glabrescens T. praecox T. praecox subsp. nummularius T. romero clover red clover star jasmine.. nitidus T. zygis Torenia T. herba-barona T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. red c. doerfleri T. not culinary French t. woolly thyme creeping t.

hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. red s. speedwell. officinalis V. tarda T. angustifolium var. Indian cress dwarf n. officinalis Verbascum V. huckleberry. velvet p. olympicum V.. mullein mullein. flannel plant. majus T. tawny orange t. cranberry. water-lily t. minus Tsuga T.Tropaeolum T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion.. nettle stinging n. farfara U Urginea U. pale yellow Darwin t. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. bitter Indian garden n. squill. clusiana T. canadensis Tulipa T. laevifolium Valeriana V. blattaria V. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. tall n. species t. blueberry. . 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. dioica V Vaccinium V. maritima Urtica U. serpyllifolia nasturtium. thapsus Veronica V. early. 'General de Wet' T. 'Blizzard' T. kaufmanniana T.

plicatum 'Mariesii' V. cassinoides V. violet dog violet horned v. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. prunifolium Vinca V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. carlesii V.. myrtle. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. lutea 'Splendens' V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. sheepberry. sweet h. zizanioides Viburnum V.. withe-rod vetiver. tricolor V. odorata V. minor Viola V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. acerifolium V.. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. heartsease. heartsease pansy. arrowwood. nannyberry. ladies-delight. canina V. khus-khus. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. running m.Vetiveria V. possum haw . lesser p. maple-leaved viburnum.

needle palm < previous page page_155 . Adam's-needle. ginger. Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.

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