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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
seven years ago. responded with delight. especially poetry. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . and the publisher. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. punching. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. with sparkling enthusiasm. wheedling. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. With false starts and honest stops. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Ginny had done some writing. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. build it.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. pushing. Then. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. and record every detailall of the failures. The turning point came when. successes. This they did. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Again they revised. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. alterations. whether all their labor was to no avail. This was not to be. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Their energy and charm caught me up. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. bereft of hope. for they had no model and no guide. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. more of them exist to serve as examples. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. carefully chosen. It needs no sequel. and the experience provided the final section of the book. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors.
and educational purpose. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. or by contributors. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. . While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. without accompanying commentary. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Some of these were created by landscape architects." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. We. by their owners. A range of essential factors is considered herein. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Likewise. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. the authors. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. while others were prepared by landscape designers. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. specialty. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. The herb garden designs alone. degree of maintenance required. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. and these are capitalizedfor example. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Not all plants used are herbs. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. To achieve this. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. although countless common names exist. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. 1969 and 1980. former generic names. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. rather. Italics are always used for botanical names. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. English thyme. historical interest. we completed a test garden. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden.
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. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. and August Frugé. as expediter and typist. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Trudi Bela. Rady. Genevieve Jyurovat. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Keebler and the late Everest P. has been especially helpful over the years. Recognition is due Robert B. Richard T. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. and Rexford Talbert. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. and Elizabeth Bryce. Lee Buss. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. The late Raymond C. FAITH H. president. has given us valuable information. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. His assistant.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. She has served. Finally. past presidents. and the horticulturist. M. Herbert J. We are grateful to many. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Eleanor Gambee.D. Isaacson. Weatherhead. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. and Joanna Reed. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Derthick. which made possible the completion of our text. Wanda Ritchie. former director of same. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. A lecturer on herbs. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. former managing editors. Alice Skelsey. Special thanks are due James C. always encouraging us to stay with our project. too. Betty Rea. Swanson and Robert B. Susan Frugé. have also been of assistance. Jo Lohmolder. librarian. Alexander Apanius. Nell Neff.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. partially excavated area. new ways of seeing. and hedges will have been located. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. As one constantly reinforces the other. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. and decisions must not be left to chance. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. fences. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. to increase the value of the property. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds." A good design does not "happen. "Not difficult to plan. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. or an abandoned. the north point will have been indicated. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. a front dooryard." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. new plants. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. and structures. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. some of which are evergreen. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Its interest is independent of flowers. As Henry Beston reflects. In order to create a fine garden design. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. not at all difficult to maintain. lay out a plan of the property. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. Perennial herbs. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. temples of worship. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. If no . "A garden is the mirror of a mind.
measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here.
A deed description. other significant structures. In the absence of a survey map. too. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. and the driveway. Next. too. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. to locate the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. will give the lot or acreage measurements. but with all needed information. The object is to . For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Here. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. In this example. measurements are in engineer's scale. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. measure to locate the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. such as the one illustrated here.
and parallel lines. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. The tools needed for drawing are few. triangleof inexpensive plastic. shrubs.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. driveway. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. paths. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. enclosures. lines at an angle. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. < previous page page_3 next page > . one of the branches generally having a pencil point. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. The smaller the scale. and unusual land features noted.
it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. and stone. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. yew. With the plan on paper. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. In some cases. or summer kitchen is ideal. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. and hedges of hemlock. A toolhouse. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. iron. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. In the designs that follow. garage. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. One basic rule is the higher the wall. and holly. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. bayberry. greenhouse. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. However. In the absence of a structure. Upkeep. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. gazebo. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. brick. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . old smokehouse.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
If used. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Stained. the garden design is most attractive. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. For example. gray surfaces are found. At first. annual painting is a necessity. as in outdoor room dividers. Allow adequate room within the row. and their styles are countless. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. or natural. a temporary garden that may be changed later. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Styles are legion. Rosemary. painted. for example. it will seem too sparsely planted. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. bricks. Where air circulation is much needed. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. When used with a hedge. . In some climates. and rosemary. they can be made to order. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. whether it will be rocks. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. holly. Stone. deeply evergreen. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. as an example. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. for reinforcing the design. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Whatever the reason. When this reinforcement is understated. box. Generally. yew. Gates are part of the enclosure. cut stones. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. railroad ties. or. Brick is the all-time favorite material. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Equally important is proportion. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. landscape timbers. elegant box. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. if wood is the material of choice. If desired. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. such as bayberry. Lower cost is an advantage. but the results will confirm this course. some deciduous and some evergreen. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. or pressure-treated lumber. used for dry wall or masonry construction. too. so give them much thought. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. however. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants.
If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . there is a necessary. Conversely. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. . for example. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. The colors are various: terracotta. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. but should be compatible with. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. their use no less than comfortable. There are.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. It is a general rule that the less the riser. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. too. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. the greater the tread. because they are just that. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. If groups are walking through. appearance. Step materials need not be the same as. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. rosy pink. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Paths must be ample. Choose the path material equally for comfort. or red. making the design more evident. and maintenance. however. cost. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Access paths. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance.
A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.
The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. When they mature. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used.) To avoid having a slippery surface.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. shrubs. They are easily renewed as they break down. too. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. serviceberry. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. prepare a planting plan for each. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. and many good references are available. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. a result being hazardous footing. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. shad Malus coronaria. they should not shade the herbs too much. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. This. With these recommendations in mind. If the garden is made up of separate beds. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. bark or pine needles can be used. or trees to be considered. is an enjoyable experience. a soft-lead pencil in hand. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it.
Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Do use a soft-lead pencil. too. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. lemon thyme. however. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. such as the one illustrated here. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. noting well their growth habits. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. for example. for example. Often this center of interest is a sundial. It needs. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. a focal point is customarily used. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. it is easily read and easily erased. or whatever is best in your case. Artifacts As with other gardens. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. whether they are invasive or tall growing. 'Mount Hood daff. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. one-half inch equals one foot. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Sept.
scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. a niche of its own should be created. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. It is then in scale with its frame. Again. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. If a statue less than life-size is used. the height of a fence to the house. < previous page page_9 next page > .
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
a stylized drawing of an ovary. that of good proportion. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. However. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. Except for two. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . the designs have a decorative north point. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. For easy reference.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
Pelargonium graveolens. summer 23. dill cerasiforme.Thymus praecox subsp. The first number in each planting area is the key number. The rules of symmetry are observed. rose 24.A.Melissa officinalis.Lobularia maritima. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. 4.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.Satureja montana. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 16.Poterium sanguisorba.L. 26. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Ocimum basilicum. bee balm 13. 3. lovage 17. arcticus 27.Satureja hortensis. sativa. salad burnet 12. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm . cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. which is used here in relation to a garage. Lavenders accent the front corners. A.Allium 11.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.S. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. a fence. 1. sweet 25. or other structure. lemon 15. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 5. 22. Foeniculum vulgare.Galium odoratum. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.Viola tricolor. With color and texture considered for contrast. Landscape Architect.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 21. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 7.Origanum majorana. 14. fennel 2. 6.
leek 9. Pelargonium × limoneum.Petroselinum crispum var.8. dwarf garden 20. costmary 'Albus'. chive 18. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Porrum Group. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. 19.Salvia officinalis. curly parsley 10. Greek 28.
Rosmarinus officinalis. bush basil 3. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. Petroselinum crispum var. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. white 20. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula angustifolia. summer 10.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon 2. lemon verbena 21. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Pelargonium tomentosum.Artemisia dracunculus var. rose 19.Foeniculum vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Pelargonium graveolens.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. . curly parsley sativa. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider.Monarda didyma.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 11.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. 12. 13. 1. 9. as was done here.Allium schoenoprasum. 17. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. 18. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. fennel English lavender geranium 4.
Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . eglantine 23.Heliotropium arborescens.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Galium odoratum. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Origanum majorana. English'.Thymus × citriodorus.salad burnet 6. 16. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. English thyme dill 8. 14.Rosa eglanteria.
Chionanthus virginicus.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon thyme 10. . lovage 15. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Satureja hortensis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.S. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Petroselinum crispum. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Levisticum officinale.Poterium sanguisorba. 9. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Even in limited space. salad burnet 14. garden sage 8.Mentha spicata. however. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. making the beds larger and the paths wider. The number in each planting area is the key number. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Salvia officinalis. spearmint 16. A. Origanum majorana. still observing a scale.Allium schoenoprasum. and the plan could be used at a front door. Japanese yew 17. sativa. summer savory 11. 7.Artemisia dracunculus var. however. 13. dill 2. The garden is conveniently located. sweet marjoram 3.Taxus cuspidata. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. parsley 5.L. Then the design might need to be expanded. English thyme Greek oregano 4. 1. Origanum heracleoticum.A.
nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.6. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.
shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 8.Asarum canadense. bee balm 14. hop sativa. 30. The long. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. 25.Thymus × citriodorus.S. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. cinnamon fern 4. Dictamnus albus.Digitalis grandiflora.Stachys byzantina. This is an intimate garden. lavender marjoram 2. wild ginger 27. 32.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fraxinella 15. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 9.Allium ampeloprasum. The number in each planting area is the key number. 7.L.Convallaria majalis.Osmunda cinnamomea.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Polystichum acrostichoides.Pulmonaria officinalis. 6. salad 20. summer 21.Humulus lupulus. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Origanum majorana. 13. Monarda didyma. leek Foeniculum vulgare. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.A. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. blue lungwort 26. 1. 18. 33. garden sage 17. the challenge is obvious. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. fennel 19. sweet violet 16. lemon thyme 28. yellow 29. A. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Viola odorata. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Christmas fern 5. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Primula vulgaris.Artemisia dracunculus var. Landscape Architect. 31.Polemonium reptans. Jacob's-ladder 3.Teucrium chamaedrys.
yellow bedstraw 23. Canada hemlock Standard'.Tsuga canadensis. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . 35.Galium odoratum.Korean box 11.lilac 10.Petroselinum crispum var.savory germander Willmott'. French thyme woodruff koreana.Satureja montana. crispum.Galium verum.Buxus microphylla var.Sorbus americana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. French'. curly parsley mountain ash 12. winter savory 24. sweet 34.
This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Salvia officinalis. 1.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. 19. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.Origanum heracleoticum. Surprisingly.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum var. it became part of the patio." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. geometric design. lemon verbena 2. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. It is a pleasing. Even so. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 20. this design can be an inspiration. neapolitanum.Rumex scutatus. Italian parsley . To be placed near the kitchen. dill 10. One of the beds.
Origanum majorana. 16. sweet 13.Allium tuberosum.Melissa officinalis. salad 15.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 5. English thyme bush basil 8. purple basil 4.Borago officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. crispum. garlic chive 26.Ocimum basilicum 12.Allium schoenoprasum.17.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja hortensis.Petroselinum crispum var. lemon basil 9.3. sweet 14.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. summer savory 23. Alpine strawberry 7. borage 'Purpurascens'. curly parsley 22. basil sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon balm cicely 6.Poterium sanguisorba. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. chive 25.Anthriscus cerefolium. chervil marjoram 21. winter savory 24.Satureja montana. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Myrrhis odorata. sweet 18.
Stachys byzantina. it is an unusual. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Myrrhis odorata. the work paths could be eliminated. scented-leaf geranium 2. so. 19. English lavender 10.C.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. As a whole. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. D. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. rosemary 3.Pelargonium in variety. lamb's-ears 20.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue 22. Created in an orderly way. purple basil 4.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. sweet cicely 23. gray .Hyssopus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Satureja montana. 1. it is full of interesting angles. too. winter 21. The center beds here were established in this way. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Galium odoratum. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Santolina virens. sweet 13. geometric design.Thymus × citriodorus. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. green santolina 12. To increase the planting area. 14.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.
horehound24.Salvia officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Artemisia camphorata. silver mound artemisia 18. 25. camphor-scented wormwood 8. germander 16. American southernwood holly 17. classic myrtle 9.Artemisia abrotanum.Ilex opaca.Marrubium vulgare.Myrtus communis. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .6.Teucrium chamaedrys. French thyme santolina 15. clove pink 7.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.
absinthe 26. casts the shadow for the hour. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Coix lacryma-jobi. Achillea millefolium. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Borago officinalis. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French tarragon 14. Ocimum basilicum.Chamaemelum . lemon balm 22. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.Hyssopus officinalis. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 21. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. blue hyssop 2. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. sweet woodruff 5. 1. This center of interest is of particular note. Galium odoratum. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Calendula officinalis. Its arrow points north and. pot marigold 24.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja montana. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Rosmarinus officinalis. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. this herb garden is secluded. purple basil 3. sweet basil 4. which adds its impression of warmth. English lavender 6.Artemisia absinthium. borage 23. gray santolina 13.Tanacetum vulgare. rosemary 15. sativa. Sometimes space is limited. Job's tears 11. winter savory 16. Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. too. tansy 25. yarrow 12.
Salvia officinalis. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. scented-leaf 27.Carya illinoinensis.Symphytum officinale. comfrey20.Pelargonium in variety. white creeping thyme nobile.Syringa. sweet 29. marjoram pecan 10. garden sage 19. chive 18. wild marjoram 28.7.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Origanum vulgare. Salvia elegans.Origanum majorana.Chrysanthemum balsamita. variegated garden sage 8. chamomile 17. pineapplescented sage 9. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . costmary 'Albus'.
Anthriscus cerefolium.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium sativum. 9.Salvia officinalis. rue 31. 6. purple basil Zingiber officinale. When controlled in this way. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. sativa. 4. 5. hyssop Meyer lemon . and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. true ginger16.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Galium odoratum. 30. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. The more invasive ones. garlic Levisticum officinale.Myrrhis odorata. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 19. blue 23. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Satureja hortensis. sweet 34.Ruta graveolens.Marrubium vulgare.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sunken into the ground. 3. dill 20. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. chervil 15. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 36. 18. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. lemon balm 35. lovage 22.Melissa officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. parsley 17. French sorrel 21. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Pelargonium × limoneum. 1. for example lemon balm and spearmint. summer 32. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. sweet cicely 37.Pelargonium graveolens. 29. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. horehound 33. rose geranium 2.Ipomoea alba.Apium graveolens. 8.Origanum majorana. 7.
dwarf nasturtium 13. spearmint 27.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French thyme 24.Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese yew 39. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . sweet basil 38.Tropaeolum minus. lemonthyme 28. salad burnet 25.10.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. bush basil 14.Ocimum basilicum.Aloysia triphylla. Greek oregano 12. lemon verbena 11. English thyme 26.Magnolia virginiana.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.
< previous page page_22 next page > . Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. but. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. "Simplify. a quick way to ensure good drainage. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. whatever the reason. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. simplify!.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. however. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
tansy 11.Origanum majorana.Galium odoratum. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Rosmarinus officinalis. rue 20. sweet 25. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. lettuce 10.Hedeoma pulegioides. jewelweed24. 16.Impatiens capensis. bee balm 19. spearmint 21. 26.Monarda didyma. bell pepper 6. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . 1.Tanacetum vulgare. arcticus.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus praecox subsp.Ruta graveolens. sweet 17. lemon 22.Allium fistulosum.Aloe barbadensis. peppermint 23. 12. summer basil savory 7. 18. sweet 15. balm sativa. French tarragon 5.Salvia officinalis.Petroselinum crispum. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. dill 13.Capsicum frutescens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Lactuca sativa.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. aloe Grossum Group.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum.The number in each planting area is the key number. spicebush absinthe French'. parsley 2.Lindera benzoin. garden sage 3.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis. 14.Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha x piperita.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
Perovskia abrotanoides. 1. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. 8. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. Thymus praecox subsp. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. . Russian 13. faced and capped with random. A low wall of brick.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. horizontally laid bluestone.Teucrium chamaedrys. too. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side.Pelargonium in variety. French thyme 2. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. germander 7. encloses this plan. arcticus 14. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.
St.Alchemilla vulgaris. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. witch hazel 18.Melissa officinalis. lemon thyme 10.Hamamelis virginiana. white creeping thyme 5. trumpet vine 16.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina neapolitana 4. Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis. lemon balm hyssop 12.angustifolia. blue 11.Viburnum cassinoides. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lady's6.Campsis radicans. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .-John'swort 17.Galium odoratum. crimson creeping thyme 9.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. lavender 3.
with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. However.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. the shrubsyew. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. holly. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. box. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. however. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. < previous page page_28 next page > . Germander is a proper edging here. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. It is. Although this is not a large garden. lilac. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. sweet violet 19.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . green 27. santolina alpine pink 28. 1.Ruta graveolens. columnal yew 43.Hyssopus officinalis. Japanese holly 42. Alchemilla vulgaris. dwarf box 41.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. winter 29. florentina. Simkins'. dwarf privet 48.Eloise & Jo Ray.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. Thymus praecox subsp. Mentha requienii. 21. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Marrubium vulgare. lilac 45. lavender 22. gray sage savory 14. white creeping thyme 37. Viola odorata.Artemisia camphorata.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. alpine strawberry 8.Salvia leucophylla.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus praecox subsp. 9. sweet albula. sweet cicely17. rue 6.20.Cytisus supinus.Borago officinalis.Myrtus communis. Heliotropium arborescens. red creeping thyme 10.Salvia sclarea. classic myrtle 15.Syringa patula. Japanese yew 44.Chamaemelum nobile. clary 30.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. 18. Myrrhis odorata.Comptonia peregrina. lady's. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Iris cristata. fringed wormwood 16. Corsican 24.Iris × germanica var.Satureja montana.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. fraxinella 33.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Santolina virens. white hyssop 4.Stachys byzantina. 26. cottage pink 2. woolly thyme 7. broom 40. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crimson creeping thyme 31. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. blue horehound hyssop 3. germander 36. Japanese holly 47. 12. lamb'sears 35.Dictamnus albus. orris 38.Chrysanthemum coccineum. dwarf crested iris 39.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. 32. arcticus 'Albus'.Artemisia frigida.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Santolina pinnata 34.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. mantle chamomile 5. prostrate rosemary 13. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Thymus praecox subsp. 23.Anemone pulsatilla. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.
an herb garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. the center of interest for the herb garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. a cutting garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. < previous page page_30 next page > . and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The direction a path takes can add interest. and a vegetable garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. a running bond pattern. Other paths are brick. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. while adding to the enclosure of the area. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. This hedge.
.S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect. A.A.L.
curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.The number in each planting area is the key number. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Hyssopus officinalis. 1.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Stokes' aster 31.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. fraxinella 26. 37. alpine strawberry 3.Limonium latifolium.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Digitalis grandiflora. blue hyssop 43. bush basil 41. Aquilegia chrysantha. 50.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet marjoram 45. yellow epimedium 15.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Thymus × citriodorus.Ocimum basilicum 54.Galium odoratum. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. clary 46.Polystichum acrostichoides.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium in variety.Hemerocallis × luteola. candytuft Standard'.Satureja hortensis. York-andLancaster rose 16. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Stachys byzantina. 32. blue 27. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Origanum heracleoticum. Anethum graveolens 23. lamb's-ears 49. yellow 24.Satureja montana. 47. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. germander 39.Magnolia virginiana.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Origanum majorana.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. pale 28. yellow 35. Rosmarinus officinalis.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon 8. cottage pink French'. 14. winter savory 44. Achillea taygetea. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. green santolina 42. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Christmas 48.Allium schoenoprasum. white 'Bouquet'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Lilium candidum. lemon thyme 40. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. garden sage 56. sweet 51. sativa. statice Solemacher'. 55. double white peony of-Persia 12. blue iris 9.Ribes alpinum. French thyme 7.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Stokesia laevis.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. verbena rose chive 11. plantain lily 2.Santolina virens. lemon 29. helenium 4.Allium christophii.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. 22. Campanula persicifolia. 52.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 53.Helleborus niger.Petroselinum crispum var. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. dill wishbone flower 5. Dictamnus albus. starsMaxima'. Louise'.Artemisia dracunculus var. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. summer 34.
as in this case. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. < previous page page_32 next page > . The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. While serving as a soil retainer.
Borago officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.45. 1. .Thymus × citriodorus. borage 26. English 44. lady's43. 21.Galium odoratum.Mentha spicata. Stachys byzantina. Landscape Architect.Viola odorata.Aloysia triphylla. 42.Lavandula angustifolia. Monarda didyma.A.A. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. sweet 23. The number in each planting area is the key number.Solanum pseudocapsicum.R. spearmint 41. Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. lamb's25. Ocimum basilicum.Iris pseudacorus. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Iris cristata. bee balm 24. lemon verbena 46. crispum. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon 22.Alchemilla vulgaris. F.
post crispum 'Banquet'.Vinca minor. curly mint 30.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Cornus florida. orange mint 29. 57.Verbascum thapsus.Salvia officinalis. catnip 50.Dianthus caryophyllus. polyantha rose 12. citrata.Allium cepa. salad burnet 10. flowering dogwood 15.Petroselinum crispum var. garden sage 36.Quercus stellata. dill 34.Artemisia absinthium. fennel 35.Mentha × piperita var.Chrysanthemum balsamita. tabasco senna pepper 20.Mentha pulegium. 40.Origanum heracleoticum. rue 51. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . leek 49. summer 32.Marrubium vulgare. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. 56. French tarragon holly 13.Nepeta cataria. rosemary 9. 37.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.7. myrtle 58. southernwood 31.Crataegus arkansana.Anethum graveolens.Salvia elegans.Petroselinum crispum var. carpet bugleweed 8. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. curly parsley oak 17.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound neapolitanum.Ruta graveolens. 52. pineapple38.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. clove 55. Poterium sanguisorba.Allium tuberosum. absinthe English thyme 27. savory sativa. Egyptian onion 11.Capsicum frutescens.Satureja hortensis.Allium ampeloprasum. sweet marjoram 28.Cassia marilandica. garlic chive 48. mullein chive 47. Ajuga reptans. Porrum Group. Greek 53. Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa × rehderana. pink hawthorn 16.Artemisia dracunculus var.Elaeagnus pungens.Origanum majorana.Artemisia abrotanum. pennyroyal 54. wild 39. Proliferum Group. 33.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium sativum.
Although this is a northeast exposure. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. However. and vinegars. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. sleep pillows. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. mothproofing bags. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. < previous page page_34 next page > . but it is more than adequate for potpourri.
< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.
lemon verbena 36. nutmeg geranium 39. florentina.Hemerocallis.Thuja occidentalis. orris 17.Allium sphaerocephalum. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium graveolens. purple basil sage 11.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. dwarf nasturtium 37. English finger-bowl geranium 38. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Salvia officinalis. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. sativa. 1.Levisticum officinale. southernwood 9.Allium cepa. Roman 20.Hyssopus officinalis . daylily in variety 41.Allium moly. lemon 31. lily leek 44. peppermint geranium 40.Salvia oficinalis. lemon 18. Proliferum Group. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × limoneum. 24. 23. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. Ruta graveolens. tansy 16.Aloysia triphylla. French tarragon 10. bee balm 30.The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis. lilac 32. pot 28.Alchemilla vulgaris.Pelargonium fragrans. Poterium sanguisorba. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. blue hyssop 35. Petroselinum crispum var. 21.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Iris × germanica var. crispum. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Melissa officinalis.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. garden 'Purpurascens'.Rumex scutatus.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia elegans. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Monarda didyma.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Ocimum basilicum 27. 'President Poincare'. anise hyssop 14. 19. 50.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium pulchellum 47.Agastache foeniculum.Laurus nobilis.Mentha spicata. lavender 7.Rosmarinus officinalis. Egyptian onion 42. bay 48.Pelargonium tomentosum. costmary 5.Tanacetum vulgare. Thymus × citriodorus. rue 26. 'Monge'. Artemisia pontica. winter 29.Allium sativum var. salad 22. Hallock'. burnet lovage 6.Tropaeolum minus. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Artemisia abrotanum. lettuce in variety 25. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . chive 43. garden sage 2. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. round-headed garlic 46.Valeriana officinalis. balm valerian 15. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Lactuca. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Tsuga canadensis. 49.Satureja montana.
Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A simple knot. is the focus of the middle level. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Invasive. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. < previous page page_36 next page > . with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals.
bee balm 26. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. summer savory 43.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Armeria maritima. sativa. 1. French tarragon 44. dwarf winter savory 2. Satureja montana 'Nana'. foxglove 4. Valeriana officinalis. valerian 5. houseleek 45. pineapplescented sage 47. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Artemisia dracunculus var. white thrift 24. horehound 46. golden thyme .Monarda didyma. fennel 25. thyme 3. pineapple mint 22. salad burnet 23.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Salvia elegans.Sempervivum tectorum.Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. Digitalis purpurea.Marrubium vulgare.
bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Foeniculum vulgare. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Laurus nobilis.6. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. clary 48.Artemisia absinthium.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. sweet basil sage 27.Crocus sativus. germander 56. marigold chive 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Rosa eglanteria.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. English 52.Eranthis hyemalis. sweet 50. 30.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Galium odoratum. Angelica archangelica. parthenium. 33. 61.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Helleborus orientalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. dwarf edging box 21.Galium verum. annual clary 51. 38.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa chinensis. Salvia sclarea. Dictamnus albus. blue hyssop 57. lavender Christmas rose 11. 39. dyer's woad 7.Lavandula angustifolia. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. French'. sweet 32. pink 59. garden 42.Helleborus niger.Echium vulgare. arcticus 55. 40. China rose comfrey 19. white creeping thyme aconite 14. sweet 37.Ruta graveolens. rue 31.Myrrhis odorata. absinthe 53.Calendula officinalis. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Levisticum officinale.Salvia viridis. 54.Alchemilla vulgaris. fraxinella 8.Allium schoenoprasum. pink 62.Lilium candidum. pot 35. rosemary 28.Sium sisarum. feverfew climbing rose 16.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. Madonna cicely lily 12.Symphytum officinale.Agrimonia eupatoria.Thymus praecox subsp. angelica Lenten rose 10.Anemone pulsatilla.Salvia officinalis. white 58. yellow 41.Chrysanthemum 36. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Ocimum basilicum. viper's 34.Origanum majorana. Isatis tinctoria. skirret 60.
There is variety in this plan. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. and the shagbark hickory.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. However. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. < previous page page_38 next page > . Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. even though space is limited. Carya ovata. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Thought needs to be given to their pruning.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.
monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. red mint . betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. sativa. Aloysia triphylla. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. rue Cornusflorida. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. angelica Mondarda didyma. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis.Galium verum. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. box Buxus sempervirens. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. Marrubium vulgare. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. French Galium odoratum. valerian Rosa damascena. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. germander Agastache foeniculum. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. Canada Isatis tinctoria. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. borage Petroselinum crispum. box Ruta graveolens. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. chive Ilex opaca. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. Artemisia absinthium. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. dogwood Salvia sclarea. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. flax Buxus sempervirens. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. Adiantum pedatum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata.Arisaema triphyllum. sweet basil Satureja montana. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. green santolina Primula veris. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. Asarum canadense. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. citrata. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. bee balm Melissa officinalis. lamb's. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. box Carya ovata. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. Poterium sanguisorba. stewardsonii. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
For this appearance. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. A singular statue of St. too. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. it is open on the side facing the house. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. unplanned look was desired. However. a dipping pool there. this excavation. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. A clump of birch here. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. < previous page page_40 next page > . An informal. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. is on a sandy knoll.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
pot 66.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Mentha suaveolens. 61. spearmint 45. woolly thyme 13. pineapple3.Anethum graveolens.Myrrhis odorata. 65. fern-leaf tansy 23.Ajuga reptans. 64.Vinca minor. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Coriandrum sativum. 78.Pelargonium graveolens. wild 43.Chelidonium majus. French'.Nepeta cataria. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Origanum vulgare. sea onion angelica 24.Pelargonium odoratissimum. 32. 53. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Armeria maritima.Chrysanthemum 80.Melissa officinalis. gray scented sage santolina 4. thrift55.Valeriana officinalis. celandine cicely 18.Angelica archangelica.Consolida orientalis. chive crispum. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. Ruta graveolens. 33. Artemisia dracunculusvar. Johnny-jump-up54.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia. wild 51.Mentha pulegium. 63.Digitalis grandiflora.Satureja montana. Sempervivum tectorum.Salvia elegans.Rosa 'Merry England'. 67. catnip 73. purple basil 9. myrtle 14. 79. 60. garden sage lungwort 57.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Pelargonium quercifolium.Betula papyrifera. 36. Thymus × citriodorus. 74.Tanacetum vulgare var.Origanum onites. 69. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Monarda didyma.Convallaria majalis. 52.Stachys byzantina. 1. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. rue 29. 30. red mint 48. winter savory 20.Anthriscus cerefolium.Levisticum officinale. 'Prostratus'.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia officinalis.Urginea maritima. mint 50.Mentha × piperita. lemon 35. 31. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. peppermint 47.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium schoenoprasum. bee balm .Pulmonaria officinalis. 68. creeping juniper 26.Allium favum lovage 22.Marrubium vulgare. blue 2.Pelargonium tomentosum. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Viola tricolor.Petroselinum crispum. horehound mallow foxglove 16. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. marsh 42. 12.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium denticulatum.Santolina florentina.Artemisia abrotanum. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. pennyroyal 46. orange geranium 11.Althaea officinalis. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. golden 37. 76.The number in each planting area is the key number.Digitalis purpurea.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. 77. lemon balm 44. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Origanum majorana.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Poterium sanguisorba. white birch English lavender parthenium. 8. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Teucrium canadense. 58.Pelargonium crispum. sweet 71. 34.Satureja hortensis. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Monarda fistulosa.Glechoma hederacea.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Thymus herba-barona. 38. 59. 75.Achillea tomentosa.Mentha × gentilis.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. feverfew 27. Iris × germanica var. orris chamaecyparissus. rose geranium 10.Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha spicata. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 72. apple mint 49. rose bergamot valerian 25. 70.
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A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Because of the edging box. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. and the two small trees. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. the same as the smokehouse construction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. < previous page page_42 next page > . the accents of the six large box. Foundation stone.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. They are clustered around the smokehouse. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. is used for the wall. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. making it more a part of the herb garden.
S. A.L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.A. .
winter 42. Lavandula angustifolia. crownbasil savory imperial 11. Corsican 33. 'Purpurascens'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana.Galium odoratum. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Crataegus laevigata.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Fritillaria imperialis. 1.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha × piperita.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. bee balm 29. lemon basil 15. 47. English 'Minimum'. blue angelica lungwort 20. 40.Allium giganteum. 21.Levisticum officinale.Ocimum basilicum.Buxus sempervirens. Ocimum basilicum 24. purple basil sativa.Viola tricolor. sweet 26.Ocimum basilicum 30. Asarum europaeum. sweet cicely45. verbena English thyme 5.Tanacetum vulgare var.38. Rosmarinus officinalis. lady's. chive comfrey curly mint 8. sweet marjoram 2.Artemisia abrotanum. European ginger 4.Artemisia frigida. balsamita. dwarf edging box 14. balm citrata.Ocimum basilicum 32.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chrysanthemum 28.Pulmonaria officinalis.Myrrhis odorata.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. orange mint 19.Mentha requienii. Pelargonium graveolens. Satureja hortensis. 41. lovage 46. box 'Citriodorum'.Prunus domestica. fringed 43. 31.Aloysia triphylla.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Symphytum officinale.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. 27. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Mentha spicata.Alchemilla vulgaris.Angelica archangelica. pineapple mint 18. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. rosemary 3. summer 25. lemon 34.Melissa officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 37. 39.Lilium candidum. 22. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Mentha × piperita var.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 35. Dictamnus albus. Origanum majorana.Crocus. fraxinella 17. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. white 23. 44.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. lemon 36. species in variety crispum. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. spearmint 48.
Instead. < previous page page_44 next page > . is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. This is true also of the stone curbing. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. pink of Dianthus. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. This hedge. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Lowgrowing. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. the dwarf box edging. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. although it is ample at four feet. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. The dipping bowl. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. a soil retainer. two specimen shrubs. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. too. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden.
Landscape Architect.A.S. A.L. .< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
Crocus kotschyanus.Aloysia triphylla. catmint 35.Mertensia virginica.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 58. verbena snowflake 19.Sternbergia lutea. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 54. lamb's-ears 28. American 38. 49. tulip citrata. white creeping thyme lovage 10. 'Lanuginosus'. angel's-tears 59.57. borage 31.Pelargonium in variety.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 1. arcticus 30.Crocus speciosus. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Heliotropium arborescens. 44.Mentha × piperita.Crocus angustifolius. 56.Cimicifuga racemosa. lily. 20.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Allium christophii. 17. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. orange mint 8.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. white 42.Narcissus triandrus var. 36. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 51.The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 33. sweet 55.Myrica pensylvanica.Galium odoratum. Origanum majorana. Stachys byzantina.Narcissus asturiensis.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Thymus herba-barona. 52. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Spanish bluebell 16.Pelargonium in variety. Compactus'.Mentha spicata. 43.Tulipa clusiana. clary 32.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Santolina virens. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Galanthus nivalis. black cohosh windflower 15. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. Salvia officinalis. caraway thyme albus. Madonna 63. 26.Allium giganteum angelica 11. sweet 47. 50.Nepeta mussinii. 61. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. marjoram crocus 7. 2. 40.Dicentra spectabilis. prostrate rosemary 18.Salvia sclarea.Levisticum officinale. spearmint 48.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Thymus × citriodorus.Angelica archangelica. golden thyme41.Satureja montana.Borago officinalis.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Helleborus lividus subsp.Digitalis grandiflora. lemon 60. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 45.Ocimum basilicum. Thymus doerfleri.Lilium candidum.Mentha × piperita var.Anemone blanda.Teucrium canadense. winter savory 39.Crocus tomasinianus.Convallaria majalis. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. green santolina 37. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. Thymus praecox subsp.Hamamelis virginiana. 53. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. arcticus 34. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. thyme 29. angustifolia 'Nana'.Helleborus niger. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. sweet 27. gray 22. rue25.Leucojum aestivum. 46.
The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. The results have been most satisfying. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. Second. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. this herb garden was designed before the house was built.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. First. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Morning sun warms it early. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn.
A. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. . lemon 21. absinthe sativa. Artemisia absinthium 24.Tagetes 'Lulu'. tulip 45.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. French tarragon 5. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 1. English thyme 43. wild celery 42.S.Crocus sieberi. Thymus praecox subsp. Porrum Group. clary thyme 22. 'Lambrook Silver'.Salvia officinalis. leek 46.Artemisia lactiflora.Apium graveolens.L. Ocimum basilicum. The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet basil 23. 25.Tulipa tarda. A. woolly thyme 3. Beauty'. garden sage 4.Allium ampeloprasum.Allium neapolitanum. marigold 41. Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia sclarea. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 26. crocus 44.
lemon 50.Petroselinum crispum var. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. viola holly 18. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Lobelia siphilitica. pink 30. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Tropaeolum minus. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Ribes sativum.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. 29.Aloysia triphylla.Dictamnus albus.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia camphorata.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Origanum majorana. Viola odorata. dogwood 19. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. 54.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. American marjoram Yellow'. Robert verbena Brydon'. great 31.Asclepias tuberosa.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. alpine 28. yellow 55. 32.Ilex opaca.Levisticum officinale. monkshood upright yew 17.Allium schoenoprasum. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. sweet 37.Ipomoea alba. pale 49. catmint 53.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. lobelia Sherbert'. lovage 34.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea filipendula 60. 39. 8.foxglove 7. curly parsley 20. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Clematis 'Mrs.Stachys byzantina. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Aconitum napellus.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. green 40. weed chive 48.Malus hupehensis. lamb's-ears 52.Rosmarinus officinalis.Nepeta × faassenii.Cornus florida. American elderberry 15. clematis 11. white evergreen azalea 16.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. Lavandula angustifolia. red currant gray santolina 13. blue 38.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. butterfly 47. fraxinella 36.Dianthus × allwoodii.Santolina virens.Allium senescens var.Galium mollugo. 56.Digitalis grandiflora. 58.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The four herb beds. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A birdbath of copper. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. are raised with bricks on edge. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Well-drained as they are. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. an impression of Sol in it. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. even though the growing area is not extensive. repeats again the octagonal form.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Rosmarinus officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 36.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. prostrate rosemary 34. peppermint 4.Nepeta mussinii. Artemisia abrotanum.Pelargonium tomentosum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English thyme horehound 2. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia sclarea. lavender 15. spearmint southernwood 5. gray 'Prince of Orange'. lemon 39.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. 16. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . crispum. 29. clary 21.Poterium sanguisorba. rosemary 33. Artemisia absinthium. Anethum graveolens. 43.Allium schoenoprasum.Ruta graveolens. Semple. golden variegated garden sage 38.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium crispum. dill 18. Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum. absinthe 20. lamb's-ears 17.Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. silver mound artemisia 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium odoratissimum. French 26. orange santolina geranium 11.Thymus × citriodorus. curly parsley 32. curly mint 3. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. French tarragon 7. 1.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. variegated garden sage 37. 19.Mentha spicata.Marrubium vulgare. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. sativa. white creeping thyme 12. catmint 6. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Lavandula dentata.Mentha × piperita.Petroselinum crispum var. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. clove pink 10. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Salvia officinalis. angustifolia.Heliotropium arborescens. 42. lemon 41. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. thyme salad burnet 40. purple basil 24. 28.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium denticulatum. bush basil 23.Joan E. Galium odoratum. sweet woodruff 9. 27.Santolina 25.Allium tuberosum. heliotrope 31. rue 35.Thymus praecox subsp. Stachys byzantina. sweet basil 22. lemon 30.
rose. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. too. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. A birdbath may replace the pool. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. < previous page page_52 next page > . One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. rose geranium. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. and lantana are a few. if neither is available. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. lemon verbena.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. a toolhouse. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. A suitable fence. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. There are a number of plants suitable for such use.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
absinthe 'Minimum'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. rosescented geranium 17.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. geranium 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Heliotropium arborescens.A. lemon thyme 20. 13. arcticus 'Albus'.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. bush basil 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. heliotrope 21.Thymus praecox subsp.S. fern-leaf tansy 8. zonal geranium 19. white creeping thyme 2.Thymus × citriodorus. 9.Tanacetum vulgare var. zonal geranium 18.Origanum majorana. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. verbena ambrosia 4.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. crispum.Chenopodium botrys. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Aloysia triphylla.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. lavender 3. Landscape Architect. gray santolina chamomile 14. The number in each planting area is the key number. A. lemon 10. 7. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. green 12.Artemisia absinthium 11. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. woolly thyme 15.Pelargonium frutetorum. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. 1.L.
box. the design is clearly traced. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Angelica. As the snows melt. These can easily obliterate a design. Hyssop hedges define the circles. The dwarf box frames the focal point. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. a deep mauve to others. mints. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. apothecary's rose. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. but the design itself has endured forty years. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. artemisias. Box and holly enclose it all. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. a sundial.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
pear < previous page page_55 next page > . weld 54.Artemisia camphorata. 62. Santolina virens. southernwood 2. wild 52. sweet 27. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Alchemilla alpina. apothecary's rose lavender 20. 1.Artemisia absinthium. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Isatis tinctoria.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Foeniculum vulgare.Pulmonaria officinalis. blue 50.Sedum telephium. Tropaeolum majus. clove pink 29.Galium odoratum. Pelargonium in variety. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Sium sisarum.Pyrus communis. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. dyer's woad 9. 58. Origanum majorana. Satureja montana. white creeping thyme French'. Canadian burnet 13.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. scented. piney 44.Teucrium chamaedrys. thrift 41. yew Beauty'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 39.Thymus praecox subsp. 26. dwarf edging box 21. 55.Lamium album.Symphytum officinale. green. rosemary 25. Graham.Stachys byzantina. florentina. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. daffodil 17. perilla 51. valerian 6.Helleborus niger. orris box 22.Perillafrutescens.30.Sempervivum tectorum. nasturtium 28.Lavandula dentata.Melissa officinalis. marjoram lungwort crispum. gray 37. arcticus 40.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. 59. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet European ginger cicely 3. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. crimson creeping thyme 18.Asarum europaeum. Dianthus caryophyllus. masterwort 69. winter savory 32.Tanacetum vulgare var.Reseda luteola. 56. 65. 67.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.47.Monarda fistulosa.Astrantia major. fern-leaf tansy 5.Asclepias tuberosa. lady's-mantle 46. Chamaemelum nobile. absinthe 34. rue 23. alpine 60.Syringa.Origanum onites. lamb's-ears 33.Helleborus orientalis.Taxus.Iris × germanica var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Buxus sempervirens.Allium schoenoprasum. skirret 53. lilac 70.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff45.Thymus praecox subsp. white dead 49. germander 43. 'Albus'. orris 57.Helleborus atrorubens 12. green santolina 24. grape fennel 19.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. bronze 64.Lavandula angustifolia. white 66. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Armeria maritima.Vitis. 48.Valeriana officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Arisaema dracontium.James D.Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop 42. butterfly weed35.Lilium candidum. arcticus 38.63.Santolina neapolitana 36.Paeonia officinalis. chamomile 31. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. feverfew 14.
Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. include this one. They are small specialty beds. The brick edging around each bed is a help. with buds of red. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. At the top of the steps. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. The large. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. However. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Rosa 'Albertine'. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. If there is room for only one rambler rose. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. < previous page page_56 next page > . even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. In addition to the brick edging around each. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. rising from the courtyard. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. pink.
Borago officinalis. English thyme . winter savory 41.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Lavandula angustifolia. rhubarb 2.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. foxglove 39. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. 22.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. bush basil 43.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 23. Carum carvi. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. lavender 4. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Rheum rhabarbarum.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. Angelica archangelica. angelica 20.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm 42.Thymus × citriodorus. tansy Bois'. alpine strawberry 3.Satureja montana. garden sage 40. 1. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. subsp.Tanacetum vulgare. caraway 24.
Dianthus Victoria'. pineapple34. French 33.R.R. Irish-lace 48. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Teucrium chamaedrys. bourbon rose 10. Consolida ambigua. Pelargonium graveolens.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Tagetes filifolia. var. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. prostrate rosemary 16. cheddar pink 53. 56. citrata. 29. centifolia. musk rose 12.R. muscosa 15. 35. sweet 37.Origanum majorana. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. curly parsley 26. French'. 54. 31. Hyssopus officinalis.Anethum graveolens 47. centifolia 'Cristata'. thyme frutescens.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium.Chrysanthemum balsamita. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon 51. blue hyssop 25.R.Lavandula dentata.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.sativa. 36.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. centifolia var.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.6.Aloysia triphylla. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. geranium in 30. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Chrysanthemum.Mentha × piperita var.R. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Poterium sanguisorba.Salvia elegans. Mexican tea 18. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Chenopodium 55. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Laurus nobilis. silver 27.Chrysanthemum 46. marguerite chive 9. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Calendula officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. rose 28. 49.Satureja hortensis.R.R.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.'Albertine'. 45. Thymus 'Argenteus'. salad 7.Petroselinum crispum var. pot 50.'Baronne Prevost'. clove pink Mammoth'.
too. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. as it should be. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. < previous page page_58 next page > . Laid in an unusual pattern. It is near the house. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Balance is augmented. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
heliotrope 3. English'.Lucile Teeter Kissack. A.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. The number in each planting area is the key number. dill 9. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . 21. 1.Santolina virens. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Aloysia triphylla.L.Satureja hortensis.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Origanum majorana.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. lavender 2. Landscape Architect.Thymus praecox subsp.A. arcticus 'Albus'. 17.S.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Poterium sanguisorba. double white peony 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. santolina moss rose 7.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. English thyme signet marigold 11.Anethum graveolens. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. 20. blue hyssop 13. 19.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. chive lemon verbena 6.Hyssopus officinalis. 23. gray 15.Ocimum basilicum. 24.Heliotropium arborescens. 16.Myosotis sylvatica. white creeping thyme 4. rosemary yellow viola 10.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet basil 14. green 22.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 8.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.
The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. and a comfortable. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. the fence with roses. < previous page page_60 next page > . and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The grape vines. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. winter pruned. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and the grape arbor. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. potted lemon verbena. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. too. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Herbs. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
lovage Myrrhis odorata. Teucrium chamaedrys. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Galium odoratum. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. marsh climbing rose. purple variegated garden sage 4. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. sweet climbing rose. Aloysia triphylla. Iris cristata. conical yew rosemary 1. Valeriana officinalis. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. 3. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. BED II germander BED IV 2. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. lemon Linum perenne. Stachys byzantina. Nepeta mussinii. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. three. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Althaea officinalis. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I .Amsonia tabernaemontana. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis.
Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Chamaemelum nobile. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. catmint 5. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Delphinium × belladonna. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. beach Marrubium vulgare. angustifolia 'Munstead'. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Sempervivum. Thymus × citriodorus. lemon Anemone hybrida. fairy rose Giant'. lemon thyme 9. tuberosa 6. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. creeping thyme in variety 8. plume Baptisia australis. houseleek in variety 7. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. lavender 10. Rosmarinus officinalis. Thymus. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana.
grew too large. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. Herbs. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. and bright green in the herb beds. blue green. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. its detail is shown below. tend to broaden the width of the garden. Ivy. this was replaced with ''edging" box. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. myrtle.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. silver. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . holly. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Later. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Another angle could be tried with these. planted in bands across these beds. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. if desired. Either it flourished too well. magnolia.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
Ilex opaca. thyme 38. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . salad 43. thyme 37.Tanacetum vulgare.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Levisticum officinale. 1. French 27.Pelargonium × nervosum.Thymus carnosus. 'Minimum'.Artemisia abrotanum. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. ears rose geranium 3.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Thymus × citriodorus. 49.Buxus sempervirens 14.Vinca minor. lemon 29.Thymus doerfleri.Mentha suaveolens. sweet woodruff 36. borage 26. 25.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. lemon 46. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. arcticus 'Albus'.Myrica pensylvanica.Mentha spicata.Teucrium chamaedrys.Poterium sanguisorba. white creeping thyme 41.Pelargonium graveolens.Melissa officinalis. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. Ocimum basilicum 22.Satureja montana. bee balm30. winter 'Purpurascens'. dwarf edging box 11. tansy 45. 33. American holly 31. rue 20. dwarf 21. 6. English thyme chamomile 2. Stachys byzantina. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lovage 48. Ocimum basilicum 24. gray santolina 15. bay rosemary 12.Thymus praecox subsp. bayberry balm thyme 13.Marrubium vulgare. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. lamb's.Monarda didyma. purple garden sage 7.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Chamaemelum nobile. silver-king artemisia 23.Origanum majorana. Borago officinalis. horehound germander 17. Ruta graveolens. lime geranium 4. sweet 34. English ivy burnet 10.Pelargonium fragrans. French thyme 39. 44. box chamaecyparissus. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. caraway thyme 40.Hedera helix. Tropaeolum minus.Lavandula angustifolia. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Rosmarinus officinalis.Laurus nobilis.Galium odoratum. 28.Thymus herba-barona. spearmint 42.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia dracunculus var. English'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. bush basil albula.Magnolia grandiflora.19.Rumex scutatus. myrtle 47. woolly thyme 8. purple basil savory 35.
brick. and treessome of which are espaliered. too. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. < previous page page_64 next page > . Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. too. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. adding to the space for walking. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Laurus nobilis. maypoles. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. It is a large garden. accent this prime focal point even more. The four potted bay. potted shrubs. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. standards. It is located for the best viewing.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. There is variety in the walks. The use of flagstone.
Nigella damascena.Viola tricolor. 1.Calendula officinalis.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.P.Chenopodium botrys.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. 25. pot 52. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. Satureja montana.P. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.quercifolium.P. 51. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .Chrysanthemum balsamita. Johnny-jump. Thymus × citriodorus. 26. musty oakscented geranium 5.53. 49. wild 28.odoratissimum. fragrans. winter 27. love-in.50. lemon 29. apple English thyme up geranium 3.acerifolium.P.
Poterium sanguisorba.Melissa officinalis. wild thyme 31.Forsythia.Origanum dictamnus. radens 'Dr.× nervosum. lemon-rose geranium 22. bronze 38.Marrubium vulgare.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. sweet flag 16.Mentha. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Thymus praecox subsp. pheasant's. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. box 19.P. crispum. Chamaemelum nobile. tomentosum.Myrtus communis.Monarda didyma.Poncirus trifoliata. strawberry 48.Laurus nobilis. lemon 65.Lavandula angustifolia.P. rose geranium66. cherry tomato chive 17. white sweet yarrow violet 13. lettuce 39.Foeniculum vulgare. graveolens. golden lemon thyme 7. Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium senescens var. peppermint 67. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Achilleafilipendula.Levisticum officinale.Tanacetum vulgare var. horehound 46.Origanum majorana.Malus. lemon balm 45.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Artemisia abrotanum. 64.P.P.P. salad 42.Allium schoenoprasum. 58. 61.P.Anethum graveolens. rosemary 9. camphor-scented geranium 69. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. Hyssopus officinalis. fern-leaf 60. bay 20. arcticus43. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 54.P. 41. 62.P.Pelargonium crispum. dill 36.Viola odorata. lemon 47. lime geranium 55. chamomile 8.Malus angustifolia.Salvia officinalis.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. French tarragon Rose'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Salvia caerulea. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Acorus calamus. classic 21. forsythia 'Albus'. pine crispum. 71. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. parsley 35.P.Aloysia triphylla. denticulatum.P.6.Thymus serpyllum. crowfoot 70. 57. lettuce 40.P.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. denticulatum 11. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. bee balm 63.Petroselinum crispum. lemon geranium 33. white creeping thyme geranium 68. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Fragaria vesca. blue hyssop 10. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. lemon geranium 56. crispum 'Minor'.Livingston'.P. radens. orange geranium 23. glutinosum.P. 44. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. English lavender 32. sweet 37.72.Mentha pulegium.
something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. In keeping with this feeling. too. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The result is one of sculptured elegance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. < previous page page_66 next page > . The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. green santolina. and Allium karataviense. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This is a large garden by any standard. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
arcticus. blue hyssop 16.Artemisia frigida. 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fringed 7. apple mint 13. lemon 11.Allium moly. green santolina 14. winter savory 9.Liriope muscari.Hyssopus officinalis. 8.Allium sativa.Thymus × citriodorus. wormwood fennel 2.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium christophii.Thymus praecox subsp. French tarragon schoenoprasum. garden sage 18.Salvia officinalis. Santolina virens. Baker. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. gray 10. Mentha suaveolens. dwarf garden 17. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Florence B.Satureja montana. Artemisia dracunculus var. chive 4. big blue lilyturf 12.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
the square. the upper deck. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. the circle. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. < previous page page_70 next page > . It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. and the front porch of the house. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. for the box after new spring growth. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Many herb gardens could provide this.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
Chamaemelum nobile.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. dwarf myrtle 6.Satureja montana.Cedrus deodara. lavender 5. chamomile 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . 1.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. dwarf edging box 7. winter savory 4.Cupressus sempervirens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lemon 8. Italian cypress 9. viola 3.
Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer.. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Roses. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. from Peter Coats. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. as it was with this plan. Paths are gravel. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Coin with Tudor rose design. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
wild thyme 5. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Viola odorata. spearmint 30.Ruta graveolens.Primula vulgaris. rue 33. saffron lily crocus 12. 25.Viola tricolor. Malva sylvestris. blue hyssop 2. winter 32. chamomile 4. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Calendula officinalis. Eryngium maritimum. 34. Chamaemelum nobile.Buxus sempervirens.Lactuca sativa. Hyssopus officinalis. parsley 29.Carum carvi.Fumaria officinalis.Fragaria vesca. lemon balm 31. oxlip 17.Crocus sativus. monkshood27. English pasqueflower primrose 14. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . sweet marjoram 3. Origanum majorana.Anemone pulsatilla.Bellis perennis. classic myrtle 18. 19.Lavandula angustifolia. lettuce 28.Mentha spicata. sweet violet 6. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. Foeniculum vulgare. English daisy 36.The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe peppermint 8. mallow 13.Satureja montana. fennel 21.Melissa officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. caraway 35. 22. Madonna 23. Thymus serpyllum.Aconitum napellus. clove20.Rosmarinus officinalis. earth 24. salad burnet 10.Iris pseudacorus. rosemary 16.Primula elatior.Myrtus communis.Crithmum maritimum. yellow flag 26.Lilium candidum. pot marigold 15. 1.Mentha × piperita. Dianthus caryophyllus.Petroselinum crispum.
plumed.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. white blooms and woolly. a moondial rather than a sundial is used." Concrete blocks. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Selected for this reason. along with a measure of fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. white. silver mound. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. spurred. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. but Always Love. its tufted. However. most of the blooms are nightscented. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn.
Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Dictamnus albus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Stachys byzantina. white . silver 16. sweet 31. 'Albus'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. horehound 2.Galium odoratum. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. pink 15.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubiam vulgare.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. petunia 30. silver mound artemisia 3.Lilium candidum. white 32. 17. 1. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.19. lamb's. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Galanthus nivalis.
Artemisia lactiflora.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.6.Matthiola incana.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Chrysanthemum parthenium.21. Artemisia absinthium. tuberose 36.Convallaria majalis. lavender 12. white stock absinthe 10. rose 40. Adam's. 26. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. dame's honesty rocket 14.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Rosa 'Cinderella'. rose 41.Ipomoea alba. clary 24. moonflower 39. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Artemisia stellerana.Lunaria annua. 23. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 28.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Yucca filamentosa. albula. tulip 38.Polianthes tuberosa. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . 25. orris 8.Hesperis matronalis. Viola odorata.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia ludoviciana.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. sweet violet 20. white 27. daffodil 35.Malus 'Guiding Star'. white 22.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Iris × germanica var. needle florentina.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. tulip 37. lily-ofthe-valley 11. western mugwort 7.
and fragrances usually considered characteristic. related to an old mill reconstruction. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. < previous page page_76 next page > . Many of these herbs lack the hues. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. textures.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. too. Rather. This herb garden. required their use as an educational adjunct.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Cytisus scoparius. blueberry 13. St. 32..Agrimonia eupatoria.Reseda luteola.Crocus sativus. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Rumex obtusifolius. Agave fourcroydes.Anchusa officinalis. 53. goldthread 41.Hypericum perforatum. black-eyed 50.Cotinus coggygria. Manila 25. broad 42.Allium cepa.Mahonia aquifolium. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 23. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Prunus persica.Tagetes patula. 26. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Hydrastis canadensis. dyer's broom safflower 6. 28. yellow 55.Monarda didyma. 35.Tagetes erecta.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 39. bee 36. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. Linum usitatissimum.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Coreopsis tinctoria. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. woad Susan laevifolium.Rudbeckia hirta. stinging nettle44. 22. golden 40. 37. Boehmeria nivea. Musa textilis. dyer's 31.Ligustrum vulgare. 20.Dipsacus sativus. Scotch broom hemp 7.51.Anthemis tinctoria.Urtica dioica. 1.Isatis tinctoria. alkanet 52.Genista germanica.Pteridium aquilinum.Viburnum acerifolium.Coptis trifolia. sweet 49. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Chelidonium majus.Cladrastis lutea. lily.Filipendula ulmaria. queen. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Solidago species.Polygonum hydropiperoides. weld 57. privet marigold 15. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Rhus typhina. Gossypium hirsutum. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. madder 54. 34.Galium verum. Hibiscus cannabinus.Carthamus tinctorius. flax 21. sisal 27. fuller's 30. French 33. 43.Sanguinaria canadensis. peach bracken sorrel 19.Phytolacca americana. Sansevieria trifasciata.46.Genista tinctoria. African 45. ramie 24.Galium odoratum. 48.Furcraea hexapetala. Agave sisalana.Indigofera tinctoria.Parmelia conspersa.38. 29. 47. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Vaccinium angustifolium var. onion China jute 4.Berberis vulgaris. garden 56. Abutilon theophrasti.Rubia tinctorum.Rumex acetosa.Convallaria majalis.Morus rubra or alba. sumac poke 17.
Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. A totally appealing edging. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Elsewhere. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. < previous page page_78 next page > . Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. as well as the roses. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 22. 'Sombreuil'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Seven Sisters'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Mme. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. rambler 19. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 18. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. Legras de St. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 25. Alfred de Rougemont'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. cl. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 23. cl. 24. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 1. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'American Pillar'. rambler 20. 'Mignonette' 5. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Belle Amour' 6.
There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. The notch of four square feet. Circles and angles provide interest. < previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
giant garlic var. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.B. 22. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. 32.A. C. dulce 'Utah 5270'.S.Apium graveolens var.B.esculentum 'Long Black'. red-flowered kale 6. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. C. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. annuum 'Fips'. lycopersicum var.C.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.B.B. cherry tomato 34.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.C.Cichorium intybus.Solanum melongena var. annuum 'Nosegay'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. 25. dulce 47. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. C. C. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. 26. annuum 'Red Boy'.B. melongena 1. 30.B. celery Bed 9. annuum 'Black Prince'.B. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.A. graveolens 'French Dinant'. tuberosum. C. annuum 'Variegata'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. Boerner. crispum 'Banquet'.A. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.C. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.L.A. kohlrabi Rock'. annuum 'Teno'. annuum 'Mosaic'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. annuum 'Golden Bell'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. Capsicum annuum var.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 40. chive 42. sprouts celery 8.A. C. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. 39. eggplant 43. graveolens var. 24. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. pear Purple Vienna'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.A. graveolens var.C. red 37.sativa 'Ruby'. dulce 50. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.C. 45. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. 28.S. leek 5. oleracea 'Prima'. schoenoprasum. curly eggplant parsley 23.B. celery I 31.L. celery Group. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.C. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. ruby swiss chard var. 48. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.B. Petroselinum crispum var.A. 29.B. red 38. oleracea 'Green Parade'.A.B. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. graveolens var. cepa Proliferum Group.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. Beauty'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. scorodoprasum. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . shallot Lakes'. white-flowered kale 49. melongena 2.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. 27. garlic chive 44.A. C. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.
and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. All of the circles. arcs. winter savory. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. for each is a complete entity. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. When viewed from the terrace above. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. and golden thyme. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
S. 17. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P.P. acerifolium. apricot geranium28. tomentosum.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. odoratissimum. apple gray santolina geranium 3. gooseberry geranium 24.P. Assoc. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. golden 11. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. crispum.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. 19. P.P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. lemon geranium 22. P. × nervosum 'Torento'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Marshall. peppermint 26. graveolens. 12.Ilex glabra. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. P. inkberry geranium 9. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. Landscape Architect. orange geranium 8. rose geranium 27.P. crispum 'French Lace. A.. lime geranium Rose'.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Livingston'. winter 13. 1.Myrica pensylvanica. 15.P. × domesticum 6. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P.× nervosum.P.L. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. maple-leaved 18.Melissa R. grossularioides. radens 'Dr.P. Satureja montana. oak-leaved geranium 16. Santolina virens. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 29. germander crowfoot geranium 21. green 14.' lemon geranium 23. Teucrium chamaedrys.P.P.P. The number in each planting area is the key number.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. rose-scented geranium 4.P.A. scabrum. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .
was planted using edging box only.Lavandula angustifolia. texture.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. Its interspaces can be mulched. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. sand. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. English lavender 2. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. which is framed with a brick edging. especially when it is blooming. closed knot design. . on page 37. and growth to the plants of the knot design. blue hyssop 3. Maintenance is high for a knot. or marble chips. slower-growing plant material needs to be used." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design.Hyssopus officinalis. To ease the care for a more complicated design. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Santolina virens. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. For the knot to look its best at all times. filled with plants that have contrasting color. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. such as a dwarf edging box. 1.
Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. dwarf edging box 4. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. gray santolina 3. arcticus 'Coccineus'. green santolina 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.
Some maintenance is required for clipping. arcticus 'Albus'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.T. white 7. the height of the edging. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. herba-barona. 8. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. which is found more often out in the open. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. 1. variegated garden sage . caraway thyme 9. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Munstead'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. lavender Japanese barberry 5. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. purple variegated 11. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.S. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. fig 4. Teucrium chamaedrys. praecox subsp. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. In another departure from the usual. creeping thymes. The knot material is maintained at six inches.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.officinalis 'Tricolor'. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.Thymus praecox subsp.T. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. which are confined to that area.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. American germander 3. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. lavender .Santolina chamaecyparissus.Teucrium canadense. gray santolina 2. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. setting it off admirably.
Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.
Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. each one a quarter-circle. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. < previous page page_88 next page > .< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. again laid on edge. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. adding another facet to an appealing design. a complement for the colors of the plant material. which are also laid on edge. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. pleasing color.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
The number in each planting area is the key number.Anthemis tinctoria.Stachys byzantina.Anthemis marschalliana. French lavender 3.Salvia clevelandii.Marrubium incanum.Santolina neapolitana 10. angustifolia 'Rosea'. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Teucrium fruticans.Thymus 'Argenteus'. dwarf 12. Russian sage 24.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia argentea. glaucum 11. tree artemisia 26. tree germander 22. lavender 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue sage 13. dwarf gray santolina 20.Helichrysum angustifolium. fern-leaf yarrow 27. candicans.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. lavender 5. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula dentata var. silver sage 15.Artemisia arborescens.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. 16.Perovskia atriplicifolia. silver horehound 19.Crithmum maritimum. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Artemisia frigida.Leontopodium alpinum. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus × caryophyllus. silver thyme 6. lavender 8. rue 21. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. woolly yarrow 23. 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus. curry plant 7. samphire14.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. 18. golden marguerite 25.Allium senescens var.
it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. Styles of containers. sweet marjoram. which include hanging baskets. As with other plant material.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. < previous page page_90 next page > . thyme. and the savories. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. basil. The color of the container plays a lesser role. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. oregano. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. lady's-mantle. If one is familiar with herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. are without number. Some are rosemary.
It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. providing herbs in abundance. < previous page page_91 next page > .
visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > .
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. However. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.S. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. If children's interest is not sustained. < previous page page_95 next page > . good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Of course supervision is necessary. LandscapeArchitect. A.A.L. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.
Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. they are easily handpicked. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Children in this age group can help with the construction. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. too. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Instead of benches on the patio.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. an experiment with turf seats could be tried." selected for their greater fragrance. < previous page page_96 next page > . There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational. These are ''old roses.
A. . A.S.L.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Landscape Architect.
dwarf 6.Rosa gallica.Petroselinum crispum var. Italian parsley 23. ophioscorodon. catnip 27.Salvia officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium tuberosum. Nigella damascena. English lavender 7.Allium sativum var.Chenopodium botrys.Tropaeolum minus.Nepeta cataria.Salvia sclarea. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Origanum majorana. Borago officinalis. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Marrubium vulgare.Allium senescens var. clary 25. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Satureja hortensis. 1.Allium moly. crispum. pot marigold 8. Levisticum officinale.Hedeoma pulegioides. summer savory 22. 19.The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis. garlic chive 29. 16. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . glaucum 31.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. love-in-a-mist 14.Artemisia abrotanum. ambrosia 2. garden sage 24. cottage pink 18. lily leek 30.Rosa damascena. dyer's bush basil woad 9. alpine strawberry 3.rocambole 28. horehound 26. Dianthus plumarius.Anethum graveolens. American 21.Artemisia camphorata. southernwood 5.Isatis tinctoria. English lavender 4.Lavandula angustifolia. dill pennyroyal 11. Petroselinum crispum var. damask rose 32. lovage 12. borage 15. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. 13. 20. neapolitanum. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.
Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. < previous page page_98 next page > . this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The oval. All are inviting to the touch.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. previously used as a skating rink. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. not noted on the plan. The sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. are a seal and a turtle. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning.
Landscape Architect.R.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .A. F.
cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. bee balm Satureja montana. Nepeta cataria. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. tansy Monarda didyma. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. Foeniculum vulgare. winter savory Mentha. Trifolium pratense. dog violet Lemna. chive dandelion Allium sativum. bee orchid Erigeron. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata.Hedeoma pulegioides. coltsfoot Mimulus. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. Greek Stachys byzantina. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. marigold Salvia officinalis. duckweed Antennaria. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. lousewort Viola canina. Allium schoenoprasum. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. fleabane Stellaria. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. mint Galium odoratum. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. cowslip Linaria. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. fat-hen Primula veris. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. borage Tanacetum vulgare. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. English Tussilago farfara. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. chamomile Mentha. mint Tagetes. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum.
Still. A number of wooden window frames. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. a mint. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Instead. in a climate like this it can be of critical import.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Their height eases the task of weeding. are superb for displaying potted herbs. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Here. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. for an old barn foundation of stone. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. developed particularly for study. Its plant list. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. its wooden structure long gone. feverfew. < previous page page_101 next page > . Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. it is a most satisfying growing situation. an exceedingly long one. and old barn beams another about the same height. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
lesser 67.O.T.Teucrium chamaedrys. basilicum 56. lemon thyme 100. rose sativa. basilicum 'Minimum'.A.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. richardii subsp. catmint 63.T. 61. wormwood germander 9. absinthe 51. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Thymus praecox subsp. rampion 81.Lychnis coronaria. purple variegated garden sage 85. basil blue hyssop 15.Digitalis purpurea. × citriodorus. 48. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Hyssopus officinalis.Melissa officinalis. beach 47.P. French tarragon geranium 7. lemon verbena 106. foxglove 2. golden lemon thyme 99.Echium vulgare.Chrysanthemum balsamita. officinalis 'Purpurea'. creeping veronica .Achillea millefolium.Valeriana officinalis. didyma 'Rosea'.Asarum canadense. absinthium. St. majorana. marsh mallow 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. alpine savory 89.Galium odoratum.49.T.T. sweet 41.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla. golden marjoram 26. winter savory 88. pink 58. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Nepeta mussinii.O.Levisticum officinale. white creeping thyme 97. Grecian 59. caraway thyme 103. crimson creeping thyme 96. tomentosum. rosemary 82. southernwood houseleek 12. odoratissimum.Ruta graveolens. 1.Stachys grandifora 93.Calendula officinalis.A. purple basil English lavender 18.Euphorbia cyparissias. rose costmary campion 23. 54. calamint valerian 24. bee balm lovage 20.T.Viola odorata.S. officinalis 'Aurea'. 66. sweet celandine marjoram 28. mosquito plant 19. silver thyme 105.A.Genista tinctoria. pot marjoram bugloss 27. bee balm57.Sium sisarum.O. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Agastache cana. arcticus 'Coccineus'.A.Campanula persicifolia.Hypericum perforatum.P.A. camphorata.Satureja montana. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Acinos alpinus.Physalis heterophylla.Lavandula angustifolia. 'Clear Gold'. golden thyme 98.Tanacetum vulgare var.Stachys officinalis. 'Purpurascens'. balm horehound 14.T. graveolens.Pelargonium crispum.Althaea officinalis.Digitalis lanata.Viola tricolor. 55.T.Monarda didyma. garden sage 84.Agastache foeniculum.Ocimum basilicum. pallasianus. abrotanum. 44. thyme 102. praecox subsp.Marrubium vulgare.Pulmonaria officinalis. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.P. southernwood ground cherry 10. apple wormwood geranium 8. yarrow herb Robert 4. angelica lemon geranium 5. variegated garden sage 87. skirret 90.Chelidonium majus. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Salvia officinalis. rue 83. celandine madder 79. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. betony 92.T 'Argenteus'.Artemisia dracunculus var.O. odorous thyme 104. 60. stellerana. sweet 53. plantain 80.Campanula rapunculus.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet cicely 94. herba-barona. 43.Sempervivum tectorum.M.O. nitidus. camphor. golden variegated garden sage 86. pontica. 62. lemon 52. woolly thyme 101. Roman 46. praecox subsp. crispum.Plantago major. 64. fern-leaf tansy 95. 42.Rubia tinctorum.S. arcticus 'Albus'.-John'swort 91.T.Myrrhis odorata. sweet violet 40.Geranium robertianum. 50. foxglove cypress spurge 21.S.Alchemilla vulgaris.A. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. pot marigold 25. onites.Angelica archangelica. 45.Calamintha grandiflora.Veronica serpyllifolia.Ranunculus ficaria. viper's 65.
Anthriscus cerefolium.Origanum dictamnus.A. wild 116. Madonna lily leucanthemum.A. cowslip 72.cepa.Allium sativum. spearmint 107.Origanum vulgare.Lilium candidum. × piperita var. × gentilis. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. chamomile 30.Primula veris. apple mint 69. feverfew cinerariifolium. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. yucca 109. garlic 111.Verbascum thapsus. Proliferum Group. suaveolens 'Variegata'. tree onion 112.Dianthus plumarius 75. chicory 70. curry plant mullein 35.Laurus nobilis.Yucca filamentosa.Chrysanthemum 78.Oenothera biennis. dyer's woad 110. oxeye daisy mullein 36. citrata. evening 77. orach115. moth 113. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M. ostrowskianum 34.V.Chamaemelum nobile. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . 71.Myrtus communis.29.Veronica officinalis. blattaria.Atriplex hortensis.Mentha suaveolens.Lysimachia vulgaris.M. 76.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Cichorium intybus.M.Symphytum officinale.Helichrysum angustifolium. pineapple mint 31.Chrysanthemum 74. spicata. chervil 68. veronica 108. pin cherry 39. orange mint 32.M. red mint comfrey 33. 73.Prunus pensylvanica. 114.Isatis tinctoria.
creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. A statue of St. of good proportion for the size of the opening. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. but not obvious. its outline constructed of brick. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. A wheelshaped bed. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. < previous page page_104 next page > . Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. Francis.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
ephedra Ferula assafoetida. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. AREA VI japonica. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Sidney Ephedra viridis. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. poet's Solidago californica. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. cat Watsonia rosea. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Eleocharis dulcis. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Cestrum nocturnum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. white Justicia carnea. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. lion's-ear prismaticum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. labdanum Cistus crispus. AREA IV Ixia maculata. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. Eriobotrya japonica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Vetiveria zizanioides. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. potato Brassica eruca. menthifolia. loquat Cichorium intybus. only those not found on other lists are noted here.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. California poppy Oxalis crassipes.
to name a few. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. scented-leaf geraniums. another a Mary garden. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. or potpourri. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. not only for hardiness where needed. emphasizes the circle. but also for proper leaf size. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. < previous page page_106 next page > . Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. and a third a culinary garden.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. One is a garden of legends. The exterior brick path. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. is a center of interest. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. an "old rose" and fragrant. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Viola tricolor.Salvia officinalis. 27. dill 11. black 23. chive bedstraw 16. Johnny-jump. chamomile 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Brassica nigra.Ornithogalum umbellatum. saffron crocus marigold 7. sweet marjoram basil 12. white dead 24.Alchemilla vulgaris.Galium verum. yellow 25. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. spearmint 22. absinthe 4. blue 18.Mentha spicata. rue 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pot 26. Anethum graveolens.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.20. pyrethrum 5.Calendula officinalis.Hedera helix.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. costmary 6. Chamaemelum nobile.Narcissus mustard 14. garden up sage 10.Crocus sativus. Angelica archangelica. Artemisia absinthium.Lamium album. English ivy rosemary 8.Ocimum basilicum.The number in each planting area is the key number. Linum usitatissimum.Origanum majorana. sweet 21. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Hyssopus officinalis. lady's. hyssop rose 9. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ruta graveolens. angelica 2.19. Chrysanthemum balsamita. flax 17. English thyme 13.
No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. < previous page page_108 next page > . and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations.
loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. peppermint Laurus nobilis. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. Cotinus coggygria. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. Myrrhis odorata. Russian 'Prostratus'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. fastigiata. rue Malva alcea var. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. beach Monarda didyma. clove Marrubium vulgare. blue Lamium maculatum. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. perennial flax Galium odoratum. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . lemon balm Mentha spicata. Artemisia absinthium. sweet Myrtus communis. thyme Cnicus benedictus.
old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. Viewed from the terrace garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. The generous use of edgings. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. too.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. This is a general rule observed. features a closed knot of superior design. simply on a smaller scale. < previous page page_110 next page > . fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. Appropriately used as accents. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. and huge.
The number in each planting area is the key number. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Santolina virens. cheddar pink 4.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. Routine clipping is required. six feet in diameter. gray santolina 7. that of good proportion. dwarf box . Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. germander 2.L. lavender 5. green santolina 6.S. blue hyssop 3. Landscape Architect. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Hyssopus officinalis.A. has its size dictated by a rule of design. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and the mulch. A. Design plan of herb garden 1. 'Tiny Rubies'. of greater size than is commonly found. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.
witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. box Calycanthus fioridus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. goat willow Sassafras albidum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. box Myrica pensylvanica. quince Magnolia virginiana. honey locust Cornus florida. japonica. black haw Prunus americana. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. plum Prunus maritima. beach plum Corylus avellana. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. shadbush Salix caprea. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. dogwood Pinus nigra.
caraway thyme T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. herba-barona. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. As a rule. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Annie Hall' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. silver thyme T. doerfleri T. Lavandula. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. leucotrichus T. arcticus T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Salvia. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. praecox subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. arcticus 'Rosea' T. praecox subsp. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. 'Argenteus'. Currently. its plant material varied. Rosmarinus. However. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Doone Valley' . and a miscellany of others.
angustissimus. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. golden thyme T. leucantha. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. 'Clear Gold'. officinalis 'Prostratus'. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. autumn sage S. vulgaris 'Albus' T. anise sage S. dentata. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia subsp. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. involucrata. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. officinalis 'Aurea'.T. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia subsp. praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme T. English lavender L. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. guaranitica. ramie . angustifolia. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. purple variegated garden sage S. heterophylla. blue sage S. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. sweet lavender L. praecox subsp. golden rosemary R. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. greggii. golden variegated sage S. woolly thyme T.
edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. family needsmedicinal. to lure bees. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Physostegia virginiana. culinary. The house. Cheloneglabra. L. The apple trees. balmony. Herniaria glabra. rupturewort. a well beside the house. for scrubbing pots. which were located between the water supply. constructed of brick made on the property. Sium sisarum. Hesperis matronalis. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. horsetail.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. used in salads or boiled. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Equisetum arvense. to sweeten the air. Prunella vulgaris. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. obedient plant. Primarily. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Circumstances determined these priorities. Smith.
< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. too. while functional. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Today. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. < previous page page_116 next page > . The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. too. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. for a few are in use now. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
fig 6.Rosa banksiae. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . Cape jasmine 10. 15.Pinus taeda. 1. southern laciniata.Prunus angustifolia. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. 16.Lagerstroemia indica.Malus angustifolia.Allium sativum. pomegranate 3.Lonicera sempervirens. trumpet 11.Punica granatum. Banksia rose 14.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Rosmarinus officinalis. wisteria 13.Laurus nobilis.Sambucus canadensis. Gardenia jasminoides.Ficus carica.Syringa × persica var. garlic 9. bay 7.Lonicera flava. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. rosemary 2. yellow 12.Wisteria frutescens.
Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The effect would be quite different without them.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Italy. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Appropriately. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. < previous page page_118 next page > . The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. too. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
66.Colchicum autumnale. yellow-root 7. 1.Asarum virginicum.Chamaemelum nobile. bay lavender wintergreen 21. 33. yarrow lungwort 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Nepeta cataria. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. 70. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis.Acorus calamus. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Cimicifuga racemosa.Calendula officinalis. blue 46. 50. hyssop sassafras 20. St.Monarda punctata. bee balm 28.Hypericum perforatum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Ilex vomitoria.Ocimum basilicum.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Rosa laevigata. 38.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue 44.Marrubium vulgare.Anethum graveolens.Symphytum officinale.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 40. wild ginger69. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. myrtle 53.Hamamelis virginiana.Achillea millefolium.Allium schoenoprasum.Punica granatum.Crocus sativus.Dipsacus sativus.Lonicera sempervirens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chimaphila umbellata.Mentha spicata.Lobelia siphilitica. mullein 49. 61. fuller's teasel 67.Buxus sempervirens. 30. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Pinckneya pubens. 63. basil chive 3. catnip 34.Agrimonia eupatoria.Elizabeth Lawrence. tansy 65. 68.Cassia marilandica. sweet 27.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. spearmint 62. American holly 16. balm autumn crocus 2.Ruta graveolens. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. pot 48. 37.Armoracia rusticana.Lindera benzoin. 45. sweet 64.Rubus allegheniensis.Melissa officinalis.Vinca minor. box chamomile 9. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Digitalis purpurea.Mentha × piperita. great 47. horsemint lobelia 23.Verbascum thapsus. 43.Levisticum officinale.Paeonia officinalis. dogwood horehound 18. peony 51.Lilium candidum.Teucrium chamaedrys. 42.Borago officinalis.Xanthoriza simplicissima. garden sage 59.Asclepias tuberosa. sweet flag marigold 24. sweet shrub 10.57. senna woodruff 15. sativa. peppermint 52. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Ilex opaca. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Monarda didyma.Mentha pulegium.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Hyssopus officinalis.Gaultheria procumbens.Populus balsamifera. foxglove 41.Pulmonaria officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus. dill 39. 60.Calycanthus fioridus. rue 56. borage 31. 54. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Sassafras albidum.Cornus florida.Artemisia abrotanum. 55. agrimony 58. lemon 26. clove 36. black 29. lovage 35.Lavandula angustifolia. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. saffron crocus 25. butterfly 32.
and fragrances they developed. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. preventives. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. < previous page page_120 next page > . This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This is true for the remedies. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. 1 T. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. In any event. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance.
blue hyssop 21. sweet marjoram 6.Mentha × piperita. catnip 16. quince 24. spearmint 17.Mentha spicata.Viburnum prunifolium.Nepeta cataria.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 1.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. horehound 15.Artemisia absinthium. foxglove 12. pot marigold 2.Carum carvi. peppermint 18.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 11. apothecary's rose 22.Digitalis purpurea. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . black haw 23. garden sage 8.Cydonia oblonga. English thyme rosemary 7. absinthe 9.Levisticum officinale. opium poppy 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. 14. sweet basil 13. lavender lovage 3.Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum.Papaver somniferum. horsemint 20.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 4.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana.Monarda punctata.Marrubium vulgare.Pyrus communis. Calendula officinalis. caraway 19. English 10.
< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Thus it was for this garden. Shaded by hop vines. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. Allowed such freedom of expression. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. the other 1761. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. < previous page page_122 next page > . its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. often it is reconstructed. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Some could be used singly. to study it. from early Moravian settlements. makes it something of a focal point. one dated 1759. and bricks raise the beds. The main paths of brick unify the garden. for example the large square bed with circular path. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and if the best has not always survived. The beds are used to achieve balance. centrally located.
S. Campbell.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A. Landscape Architect. A.L. .
spearmint 57. basil moss rose 44.Inula helenium.Asparagus officinalis. orach 76.Anethum graveolens.Melissa officinalis. black cumin 46. corn poppy 79. saffron peppermint crocus 35. hollyhock 51. stock 50. sorrel 65.Tropaeolum minus. virgin's bower 40. chestnut rose 43.Mentha × piperita. holy thistle 58. elecampane 11. 66.Consolida ambigua.Rheum rhabarbarum.Silybum marianum.Alcea rosea. balm chive 37.Lagerstroemia indica.Ficus. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Foeniculum vulgare. tansy 6. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Celosia cristata.Colchicum autumnale. English 78. marsh mallow 7. daisy crape myrtle 23.Borago officinalis. catnip 70.Narcissus tazetta.Ocimum basilicum. cockscomb 47. sweet 71. red pepper 20.Nigella sativa.Rosa eglanteria. grape larkspur 41.Matthiola incana.Achillea millefolium. hop southernwood 39. horehound 56. blue 69.Rosa roxburghii.Marrubium vulgare.Cornusflorida.Rosa gallica.Levisticum officinale.Nepeta cataria. garlic lungwort 36.77. Madonna lily 59.Artemisia vulgaris. fennel marjoram 28. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. cabbage angustifolia.Aquilegia vulgaris.Saponaria officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 64. 1. borage 5.Coriandrum sativum.Dianthus caryophyllus.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium sativum. chamomile 17. rue 14.Chamaemelum nobile.Amaranthus caudatus. parsley 32. absinthe 45. betony 82.Salvia sclarea.Tropaeolum majus. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Papaver rhoeas.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Ruta graveolens. eglantine Group.Carum carvi.Althaea officinalis. garden sage 15.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. feverfew southern magnolia 27. 52.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. polyanthus narcissus 60. damask coriander rose 19. English thyme 2.Rosa damascena.The number in each planting area is the key number. yarrow 4. 54.Crocus sativus. lavender rose 21.Lilium candidum. clary 30.Scabiosa atropurpurea. madder 16.Petroselinum crispum. 80.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Gelsemium sempervirens.Symphytum officinale. comfrey 33.Artemisia absinthium. lovage 9.Atriplex hortensis. garden nasturtium 12.Origanum majorana. 74.Stachys officinalis. poet's narcissus 61.Rumex acetosa. dwarf nasturtium 13.Magnolia grandiflora. 68. asparagus 31.Armoracia rusticana. French rose 18.Cnicus benedictus.Narcissus poeticus. rhubarb 10.Rubia tinctorum. Carolina jessamine 38. annual clary 3.Bellis perennis.Clematis virginiana.Rosa moschata. rosemary49. hyssop maypop 42.Tanacetum vulgare. caraway 72. 48. sweet 55. 81.Hyssopus officinalis. clove 53.Hydrangea quercifolia.Humulus lupulus.Rosa centifolia. blessed thistle 8.Cercis canadensis.Pulmonaria officinalis. mugwort67.Salvia officinalis.Salvia viridis. love. 62.Mentha spicata.Passiflora incarnata. columbine 29. blue 63. autumn crocus 34. redbud 24.Vitis. dill 73.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
This space was never adequate. A ravine and existing. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Usually this is least desirable. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. the western. Although some observations may seem obvious. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. and the north point is established. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The next most desirable exposure. even boggy. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. The lesser the scale. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. far from the house.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Calluna (heather). Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Thus. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. it is proper to make a trial run. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. First. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces.
The new herb garden has been located. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. and the property line on the last. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The general outline is similar. Then. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. Culinary herbs will fill a large. and the search did not take long. another is close to the rear of the house. all four sides are so determined. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. It was a pleasurable assignment. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. but it need not be identical. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. 127 indicates. a driveway on still another. The.ground where drainage is better. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. < previous page page_126 next page > . if a garden as large as desired is to be established. certainly not precisely the same. 77 provided the needed inspiration. There is the housegarage structure on one side. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. as the drawing on p. Indeed. The outline is fixed. single bed.
A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. this low wall will enclose the garden area. Two drawings were required to work out problems. If all is well. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. With the plan established. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. In fact. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. then north. something is amiss. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. If. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. In addition. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. forming the outer boundary of the service path. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. There was no . Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. as in this case. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. not one completed in a weekend. the site required some leveling. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. However. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. In the earlier stage of planning. a lapped joint was fashioned. eight. this was. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. At corners. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. However. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. Before edgings could be put in place. the eight-foot length was more practical. admittedly. In this area. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. A structural edging was in order. however. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. In this case. and the finished edging would be effective.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. This method of treatment now guarantees . Unfortunately. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. filling the beds with soil was next. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. One is the ramp to the driveway. selected for its simplicity. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. for they will likely have more traffic. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. Aged compost. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Paving for the terraced area is brick. could serve this purpose. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. A choice of five colors was available. but there are exits to different levels. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The pattern is running bond. leaves. Heavy black plastic. Weeds. The latter need to be more substantially paved. this same base underlies all the paths. had been proof of that. sand. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base.
it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . even bed for the pavers. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. worth the added cost. on a trial run of one course of brick. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. However.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind.
came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. Sometimes called "rubble drains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. Herbs have flourished in the beds. French drains. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. learned about decades earlier. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. converging where it was logical to do so." their construction can be somewhat varied. With the completion of the paths. for it would interfere with the drainage system. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. and the steps to other levels. the terraced area. . No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. since that path borders the house. In this instance.
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AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. not necessarily referable to botanical species. and so on. often a wall or trellis. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. a garden plan. having a variety of gradations. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. sixteenths of an inch. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Its arrow points north and. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. and so on. in inches. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. in tenths of an inch. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. E EllipseAn oval. hundredths of an inch. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. casts the shadow for the hour. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. albula. is symmetrical. for example. for example. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. twelfths of an inch.
Usually a few inches thick. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. a patterned garden. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. G GazeboA freestanding. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. M ManufactoryA factory. also called rubble drain. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. ForthrightA straight course or path. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. or colored earths. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose.3. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. loose. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Pea gravelSmall. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. roofed structure usually open on the sides. rounded fragments of rock. a flat. GrindstoneMillstone. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine.3). ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow.brick) in the same course. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. its compartments filled with flowers. heated especially by fermenting manure. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. turf. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens.
a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.
dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. ranking between species and variety. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. W Wall. R Rose. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. not treelike or with a single trunk. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. TreillageLatticework for vines. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. or steps. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. walls. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. Turf seatBanked-up earth. V VarietyA category below species. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. called also a hose cock. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. < previous page page_132 next page > . cutting. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. often planted with aromatic herbs. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. snug fit for walks. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Stone.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity.
1972. Brookes. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1972.. 1971. Foster. Bailey. Book of the Geranium. 1966. and Louden..: Geo.. Helen H. Herbs and the Earth. S. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1951.. Greenwood. H. 1982. Kent: The Herb Farm. Doran & Co. 1973. London. Fox. Earle. Robert Lee. 1942. Batsford. John. Sevenoaks. Toronto. and Garden. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Baumgardt.: Buckeye Printing Co. Carpenter. 1980. P. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Garden Design. L. London: Saturn Press. Complements. Margaret E. Park's Success with Herbs. H. 1976. Sylvia. New York: Viking Press. How Plants Get Their Names. Julia S. New York: Macmillan. 1980. British Plants. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Harriet Ballard. Henry. Peter. London: Macmillan. Terrace. Edlin. 1933. 1902.C. John E. Darrah. Berrall. Foster. 1951. Dutton & Co. W. Park Seed Co. T. Gertrude B. 1958. . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. John Philip. 1935. New York: Simon and Schuster. Herbals. 1911. Agnes. New York: Crown Publishers. Seal. L. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Charlotte. London: Country Life. Staff of. Bardswell. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1963. Clarkson. Hanging Plants for Home. 1957. Daniel J. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Gertrude B. Room Outside. 1966. New York: Macmillan. 1938. New York: G. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. New York: Viking Press. . Behme.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. New York: E. The Small Garden. Independence. New York: Macmillan. ed. Roses. Erichsen-Brown.. 1962. Bailey Hortorium. Helen Morgenthau. Rosetta E. Hortus Third. 14701670. 1961. Brownlow. 1979. New York: Macmillan. Coats. Green Enchantment. Garden City: Doubleday. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 1977. Mo. Rosemary F. 1971. 1970. and Accessories. London: Marshall Cavendish. London: Adam and Charles Black. New York. The Herb Garden. Foley. 1944. Beston. The Cultivated Basils. Sydney: B. Aurora. Herbsfor Every Garden. Frances A. Jot. Flannery. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Crowe. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. New York: Hawthorne Books. Alice Morse. Cross. Liberty Hyde. Prof. P. New York: Dover. Putnam's Sons. .
New York: Crown Publishers. and Synge. 1964.. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Toronto: Little. Lesch. Alice Recknagel. Tucson: H. and Alma L. Eigel. Patrick M. ed. Vicenza. New York: E. 1938. 1978. Kiaer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Myron.. Dutton & Co. Horace. Boston. 1975. 1983. Frances. Grow and Enjoy. 1975. (1st American edition trans. Moldenke.. Loewenfeld. Lerner.) Rohde. 1911. Carol. Walter. M. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1981. Herbs. New York: Macmillan.. Italy. 1952. chemist. 1970. Elizabeth. Mass. Boston. Amy Bess. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Dorothy Bovee. London: Faber and Faber... Gardens in Winter. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. . Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Adelma G. Sylva. Jones. Ann. 1979. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Rosengarten. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Lawrence. New York: Dover. Vegetable Dyeing. Flowers of the Field..Garland. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Harold N. J. Bernard Hickey. New York: Clarkson N. C. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Sarah. Krauss. Johns. Jr. Early American Gardens. Division Billboard Publications.. 1970. 1974.: Chronica Botanica Co. Mary U. Paul B. New York: Macmillan. Robert. Rev. Eleanour Sinclair. Loyal R.C. Books. Hamel. 1974. 1969. Johnson. Lawrence. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. and Back. 1961. The Herb Garden. Claire. 1959. London: George Routledge & Sons. Grieve. New York: Harper & Bros. 1976. New York: Van Nostrand. Franco. New York: William Morrow & Co.. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Plants of the Bible. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1966. Mrs. Modern Herbal. Hay. Ireys. M. 1951.. How to Select. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Helen K. Co. Neri. 1946. A Garden of Herbs. Claire. New York: William Morrow and Co. 1981. The Art of Dyeing. New York: Doubleday. Muenscher. McFarland. Potter. 1982. Brown & Co. New York: Macmillan. A. 1972. Wynnewood. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1971. and Rice. Leighton. New York: Dover. Pa.: Livingston Pub. and Chiltoskey.. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Waltham. Philippa. New York: Viking Press. N. and Brunello. Cherokee Plants. Roses of the World in Color. 1971. Norma Jean. 1969. 2d ed. Pozza. P. 1976. Alma. Miller. George H. Frederic. Landscaping with Vines. Lathrop. Simmons. 1973. Hendrickson. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Howard. Roy.. P. The Book of Spices. How to Landscape Your Grounds. A Biblical Garden. Loewenfeld. The Berry Book.: Herald Publishing Co. Shaker Herbs. New York: De La Mare.
and Mrs. John Ormsbee. Amy Bess Miller. James C.. Price. Madalene Hill. Mrs. 1972.A.. George. John Poinier. Zohary. Mrs. Berkeley Brandt.. 1953..A. L. Singleton. T. Susan W. Stearn. Shrub Roses of Today. Bradner. Keebler. Neil Hamill Park. Mrs. Bleecker. Virginia B. L. Tarantino. Linda. London: Phoenix House. Leonie.A. Vivian..: Garden Way. Weber. Charles Patch. 1976. Jr. A. Martin's. Ingersoll. Austin R.A.. New York: Farrar. New York: Hafner. Jack Emil Geist. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Wilder. Bynam. Katherine S. Mrs..A. Mr. Cozart. Graham. Martin. A. Vera Breed. Container Gardening Outdoors. L. 1966. Mrs. Morss. Pees. Sherry D. William W. 1976.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. 1931. Yang. Christopher. 1961. A. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Moffit. Martha Dahlen. Associate. Donald Paxton.. Rhoda Specht. Thacker. Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1979.. Boerner. ed. Botanical Latin. Plants of the Bible. London: Phoenix House. Malcolm. Jr.R.A. Mrs. C. Mrs.. 1972. The Fragrant Garden. Jo Lohmolder. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Taylor. Taloumis. Toronto: Van Nostrand. New ed.A.. L.L. William C... Bush. Climbing Roses Old and New. A. Mrs. Hale & Co. Robert G. Mrs. New York: Simon & Schuster. Baker.. William T. .L. William Y Dear. Bates.The Old Shrub Roses. Webster. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.A. L.A. L. Herbs in the Garden. William Radler. New York: St. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. 1957. Plimpton. Herbert G. Peter M. Wilson. Charlotte.A. Melissa R.. 1982. Mrs. Stuart. . Mrs..A. Margaret Osborn Holt. New York: St. and Robert B. Vt. Mrs. Hines. Elizabeth Lawrence. Mrs.A. 1942. Z. Hammond Crawford. New York: William Farquhar Payson.. A.. ed. Mrs. 1972. Sandy Hicks. William T.A. Diane C.A. Stearn. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Marion E. Jr. L. Fragrance in the Garden. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. . W T. 1965. and Bell. 1979. . Lamm. Norman. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. The History of Gardens. Maxton Davies. Charles L. Mrs. H. 1975. Mrs. Raymond V.S. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Campbell. Helen Van Pelt. Alfred L. Rev. Thomas. Meyer. Leonard Dreyfuss.A. L. L. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Esther. Graham Stuart. John.L. Griffin. Frank M. Mrs. L. Mrs. The Fragrant Year. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Benjamin McF. Paxton. New York. Barbara Capen.S.D. Boston: Ralph T. Philip Batchelder. New York: Dover. Marshall. Martin's Press. Robert K.. Louise Beebe. Smith. Nelva M. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Henry Gund. Elisabeth W.A. New York: Doubleday. Helen Noyes. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. New York: Simon & Schuster. The Shakespeare Garden. White.. Indianapolis. W. L. Mrs. Giroux. 1967. McGarry. New York: William Morrow & Co. Landscape Architecture. 1974.S.. New York: McGraw-Hill. L. Revised by Dr. Gannaway. Building Stone Walls. 1962. Mrs. F. James D.A.. L. New York.A. Michael. 1953. Winthrop G. L. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Mrs. 1979. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Straus. George T.
Milton Stricker. N. Christopher Rady.A.. Skinner. Linda Yang. Ohio. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Old Slater Mill Museum. James S. Helen M. Hancock. Architect. Booker Worthen. Michigan State University. Eloise andJo Ray. Ark. Semple.I. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. L. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. G. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Whitman. Christopher Spencer. Hales Corners. John A. civic. Mich.. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Timothy Procter Ruh. Milton C.. Bailey. Old Salem. Atlanta. Plain Dealer Photo. and Mrs. Cleveland. Roberts. Greenland. Swanson. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Faith H. L. Ohio. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Talbot III. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mrs. Lawrence Schetky. James F. Shaker Community. Mrs.. Kingwood Center. Elbert Smith.A. Mrs. Lansing. L. Derthick. University of Michigan. Isadore L.A. The following provided historical... Walter Rebmann. Harper..C. Ann Arbor.. Little Rock.. Nathan Sameth.. Hancock Shaker Village. N. Winston-Salem. Mrs. Weeks Brick House. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Eric Duke Scott. Mrs.. The Country Doctor Museum. Mass. Western Reserve Herb Society.. Mrs. Atlanta Historical Society.C.. Frederick E. Smith (Ann Leighton). Mich. Inc. Matthew Miksch House. Edmund G. Wilcox. Ga. L. Joe H. Mrs. Joan E. N.H. Rose. Pawtucket. Linda Yang. Inc. Gayle..A. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.Rady. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Jean Ruh. L. Mr. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Mrs. Mrs. R. Mansfield.. Wisc.
A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. azoricum. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Myrrhis odorata.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Narcissus triandrus. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. A. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. barbadensis A. A. officinalis. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. E. C. maritima L.
S. laevis Rhododendron . Monarda didyma Crataegus. Solanum aculeatissimum S. albula A. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. P. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. officinalis Populus. V. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. P. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. officinalis. F. V. G. lycopersicum. false Galium aristatum. Lamium album Viburnum. melongena var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. ludoviciana var. grandiflorus Melissa M. acerifolium. podagraria Asparagus A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. M. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. coronaria . Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. angustifolia. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. B. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Mertensia virginica. M. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. alpina 'Alba' A. P. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. chrysantha Symphytum S. deltoides Campsis radicans.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. oleracea. vulgaris A.
B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. maculatum G. pseudonarcissus miniature N. B. coronaria. C. macrocarpon. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . verna. N. Italian D Daffodil M. alpinum R.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. sativum R. alpinum R. ioensis Vaccinium. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. angustifolia. V. M. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. M. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. V.
C. acetosa. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. A. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Hosta H. triphyllum . lilioasphodelus H. lilioasphodelus. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. H. T officinale Bellis.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. crispus. R. A. frutescens C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Sansevieria. D. x superbum Hemerocallis. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. obtusifolius Rumex R. Ferocactus latispinus. rivieri. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. obtusifolius R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia.
vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. damascena. Centaurea cineraria. arvensis. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. C. N. Senecio cineraria. azoricum Nigella. C. gymnocarpa. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Antennaria. N. Helichrysum.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Lychnis coronaria. Gnaphalium. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. ragusina. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . S. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. pungens Sambucus S. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. N.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
I. usitatissimum L. perenne . braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. versicolor. Osmunda. carica F. L. carica Corylus C.× germanica I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. P. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. regalis Adiantum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. I. A. O. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia.
scorodoprasum A. odoratissimum P. Fumaria C. × hortorum P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. grossularioides P radens P. sylvatica Digitalis D. sphaerocephalum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . quercifolium P. I. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × limoneum P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. neapolitanum A. purpurea D. sativum var. P. Pelargonium. lanata D. lutea Allium sativum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × germanica Myosotis M. tuberosum A.
tomentosum P. T. officinale Z. canadense. pratensis . officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. P. graveolens P. canadense T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. scabrum P graveolens P. tomentosum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. A.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. Tragopogon. × nervosum P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. × jatrophifolium P. glutinosum. denticulatum P. chamaedrys T. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. capitatum P. abrotanifolium P. T. A. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. × citrosum P. crispum P. Z. quercifolium P.
torquata E. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Oxalis deppei. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus .Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. C. M. nervosa V. C. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Vitis monticola. trifolia Cordyline terminalis.
H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
W. G. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Ophiopogon L. Sempervivum Lobelia L. C.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Pulmonaria . Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. triacanthos G. L. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. majalis Liriope. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Lythrum.
Malva. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. Malva. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. tenuifolia T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. alcea var. M. erecta T. erecta T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. erecta T. grandiflora M. lucida . C. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. M.blue M Mace. A. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. pedatum Hibiscus. patula Calendula officinalis T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia.
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Heracleum sphondylium subsp. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. dictamnus O. × piperita var. Astrantia. piperita var. onites O. × piperita var.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. majorana O. odorata Achillea millefolium. O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. suaveolens 'Variegata' . crispii M. Spiraea alba. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. vulgare O. aquatica var. A. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. R. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. vulgare O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. vulgare 'Aureum' O. major. suaveolens M. S. citrata. majorana O. citrata M. citrata M. requienii M.
alba Verbascum. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata. communis. Azolla caroliniana. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. rubra M. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . thapsus V. lactiflora Morus M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. V. M. olympicum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. vulgaris A. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. V. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Myrtus. × gentilis M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Umbellularia californica. A.
opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. nudum. L.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. P. V. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. poeticus N. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. minus T. V. majus T. album L. tazetta Tropaeolum T.
florentina. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Proliferum Group A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fistulosum A. cepa. hortensis A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. O. S. C. Castilleja californica. fragrans O. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. fistulosum Atriplex. A. vulgare var. telephium Iris × germanica var. fragrans Allium. cepa A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Scilla verna. I. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. cepa. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var.
pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. crispum var. neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. A. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. pulsatilla Passiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. crispum P. patens. A. lactiflora P lactiflora P. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. P.
paniculata P. P frutescens Catharanthus. Longum Group cone green C. annuum. annuum. A. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. retroflexus. album Ranunculus ficaria . Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. C. frutescens C. annuum. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Conoides Group Capsicum. C. C. C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. roseus C. annuum. Longum Group C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Chenopodium. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. Grossum Group C. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. annuum. Piper C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum.
americana . P salicina P angustifolia. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. alpinus D. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. taeda P. angustifolia var. watsonii P maritima P. Prunus japonica. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. plumarius D. C. taeda Chimaphila. gratianopolitanus D. C. Plantago P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. officinalis Dianthus D. caryophyllus D. M. umbellata var. P. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Silene laciniata. × paradisiaca. umbellata var. plumarius. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis.
californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. 0. P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. carnea Phytolacca americana P. E. vulgare Lithospermum. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . S. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. Liriodendron tulipifera P. biennis P. L. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. rhoeas P.
canadensis C. rhabarbarum R. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. pepo C. Diplotaxis. pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. coccineum C. Hesperis . cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. C. A. R. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. P. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. sativum var.
brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. canina R. spinosissima R. × harisonii R. laevigata R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gallica R. × borboniana Kerria. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. sativa Rosa R. canina.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. moschata . centifolia R. × borboniana R. damascena R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. chinensis 'Minima' R. damascena 'Bifera' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. Rosa chinensis R. banksiae R. Rubus coronarius R. R. × borboniana R.
clevelandii S. officinalis Limonium R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. officinalis S. greggii S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Salvia hierosolymitana . angustissimus R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. setigera R. Rosmarinus. caerula. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. × rehderana R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. sclarea S. azurea subsp. guaranitica S. R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. pitcheri S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. rugosa R. S. microphylla S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C.
P. chamaecyparissus S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. viridis S. S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. hebecarpa. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. S. marilandica Amelanchier . elegans S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. Salicornia. montana Scabiosa S. maritimum E. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. leucophylla S. neapolitana S. T. guaranitica S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. leucantha S. C. virens. S. chamaecyparissus S. A. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense.
A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
C.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. V. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria Cotinus. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. biflorum . americana. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. C. nivalis Lamium album. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. P. coggygria. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. G. coggygria C. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. P.
crassipes O. pyrenaicum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. patulum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. V. acetosa. E. Ornithogalum arabicum. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. S. R. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . L. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. H. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. O. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. officinalis thyme-leaved V.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. scutatus R. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. japonica Sorbaria. H. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H.
Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. incana M. floridus Philadelphus . vesca F. crispum T. vulgare var. dracunculus var.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vesca F. incana M. O. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. T vulgare T. perennis. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. M. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. O. chiloensis F. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vulgare var. C. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum.
doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. phaenopyrum C. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Clear Gold' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. 'Argenteus' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. A. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. sylvestris D. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. × citriodorus T. arcticus T. praecox subsp. Silybum marianum S. C. E.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. laevigata Eupatorium. marianum S. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. maritima Thymus. praecox T. pallasianus T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. marianum S. benedictus. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C.
P. L. Coreopsis Linaria. C. lycopersicum var. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . sanctum O. pruinosa. P. lycopersicum L. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. cerasiforme.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. noli-tangere. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. lycopersicum var. praecox subsp. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. alata Lycopersicon. peruviana P. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. sanctum Tulipa T. Physalis peruviana L. I.
C. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. officinalis Polemonium. canina. Chimaphila. cornuta 'Alba' V. V. P. odorata V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. C. odorata V. caprea . cornuta V. caeruleum Clematis. V riviniana Viola odorata V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A.
V. nudum Isatis I.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. I. annua A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. W. Vanilla barbellata A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. camphorata A. frigida A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Gaultheria procumbens. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. ambrosioides Artemisia. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. S. pontica. caprea. absinthium A. Corydalis sempervirens A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. gmelinii A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Stachys . verticillata Chimaphila.
lutea. × media 'Hicksii' T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. C. I.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . ageratum A. simplicissima Cladrastis. X. vomitoria I. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. millefolium A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. filipendulina A. tomentosa Ilex cassine.
monkshood flowering maple. monkshood helmut flower. pedatum Agastache A. blue giant hyssop. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. foeniculum Agave A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. h. sanguinary.. yarrow sneezeweed. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin.. calamus Adiantum A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . h. cana A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. lion's tail anise hyssop. taygetea A. nose-bleed. butter-print. five-finger f. theophrasti Acacia A. millefolium A. longifolia Achillea A. napellus Acorus A. breviflora A. ageratum A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. maidenhair fern. Indian mallow. alpinus Aconitum A. calamus maidenhair fern. parlor m.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. maidenhair American maidenhair. fennel g. Indian mallow China jute. thousand-seal. fourcroydes sweet flag. fragrant g. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A..
garlic rocambole. giganteum A. alpina A. christophii A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. senescens var.. ophioscorodon A. sativum var. scorodoprasum A. Pulchellum A. flavum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . sisalana Agrimonia A. two-bladed o. ostrowskianum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. reptans Alcea A.A. hemp plant agrimony. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. serpent garlic chive. vulgaris Allium A. Spanish o. moly A. Japanese bunching o.. fistulosum A. tree o. githago Ajuga A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A.. karataviense A. Rosenbachianum A. ciboule. eupatoria Agrostemma A. flowering o. neapolitanum A. lily leek daffodil garlic.. sativum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. sisal hemp. cocklebur. cive. rosea Alchemilla A. schoenoprasum A. purple c.
wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. bugloss alkanet.glaucum A. officinalis Amaranthus A. juneberry. Barbados a. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. sphaerocephalum A. pulsatilla Anethum A. hupehensis var. caudatus Amelanchier A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. officinalis Anemone A. medicinal a. tuberosum Aloe A. marschalliana A.. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. Oriental garlic . garlic c. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. white m. canadensis Amsonia A.. shad. cerefolium chervil angelica.. bugloss windflower. blanda A. Curasao a. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. barbadensis Aloysia A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. japonica A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. archangel. officinarum Anchusa A. triphylla Althaea A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. shadbush.
vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A. graveolens var. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. European crowfoot bearberry. chrysantha A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A.
snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mountain box. mugwort. red cole sagebrush. sea pink thrift. triphyllum A. lactiflora A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. camphorata A. pink or white horseradish. asarabacca wild ginger. Ludoviciana var. canadense A. wormwood southernwood. dracunculus var. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. kinnikinick.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. bear's grape. creashak green-dragon. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. pontica A. sandberry. annua A. rusticana Artemisia A. albula A. arborescens A. triphyllum subsp. mealberry. stewardsonii Armeria A. old man southernwood absinthe. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. gmelinii A. sativa A. frigida A. virginicum bearberry. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. europaeum A. maritima Armoracia A. dracontium A. hog cranberry.
butterfly flower butterfly weed. silkweed. upland cress winter cress. garden o. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. officinalis Astrantia A. saltbush orach. papyrifera Boehmeria B. plains f. c. orach sea orach. wild blue i. nivea Borago B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. ruby s. wild indigo. wild indigo blue false indigo. s.. rocket. tuberroot. vulgaris. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. piprage beet swiss chard. yellow r. cool-tankard cole. c. mustard . Chinese silk plant.Asclepias A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. perennis Berberis B. mountain spinach false indigo. major Atriplex A. talewort. c. halimus A. China grass borage borage. tuberosa Asparagus A. s. australis B. vulgaris Bellis B. pleurisy root. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. ruby s. rattleweed winter cress. tinctoria Barbarea B. B. i.. hortensis B Baptista B. jaundice berry. c.
microphylla 'Nana' B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. carpatica C.. floridus Campanula C. koreana B. sempervirens B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . grandiflora Calendula C.. pineapple s. microphylla var. white-flowered k. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice.B. officinalis Calycanthus C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. strawberry s. eruca B.
sweet pepper. p. o. o. red p. p. green p. p. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o.. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. p. o. s. p.. persicifolia C. p. p. o. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . cow-itch.C.. s. o. trumpet vine. o. pimento sweet pepper s. o. p. o. trumpet flower. p.. chili p. crown plant trumpet creeper. bell p. s. rapunculus Campsis C. green p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. C. p.
carvi Carya C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. deodara Celosia C. ovata Cassia C.. garden c. frutescens Carthamus C. illinoinensis C. bastard s. Russian c. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. majus Chelone cayenne p. celandine celandine turtlehead.. red p. canariensis Cedrus C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. shellbark h. Tabasco-sauce p.. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. nobile Chelidonium C. Tabasco p. tinctorius Carum C. false saffron. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. cristata Cercis C. marilandica Catharanthus C.. Madagascar periwinkle. senna. capsicum p. snakehead . chili p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C... safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.
virgin's bower. intybus Cimicifuga C. pyrethum. dwarf 1. leather flower. rattletop black cohosh. mint geranium. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. ladanifer Citrus C. Dalmatia p. Chinese dwarf 1. botrys Chimaphila C. wintergreen. devil's-darning- . leather flower. racemosa Cistus C. crispus C. wax flower.. cinerariifolium C. lutea Clematis C. balsamita C. × superbum Cichorium C. alecost pyrethrum. ambrosioides C. virgilia virgin's bower. barbe-de-capuchin. virginiana balmony goosefoot. old-man's-beard costmary. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. bonus-henricus C. pigweed Mexican tea. feather geranium. frutescens C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. leucanthemum C. Meyer 1. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa... glabra Chenopodium C. coccineum C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. parthenium C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. Robert Brydon' C.C. fat hen ambrosia. American w. umbellata Chionanthus C. wormseed. Spanish t.. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree.
ambigua C. trifolia Coreopsis C. arkansana C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. florida Corylus C. sativum Cornus C. majalis Convolvulus C. smokebush. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . coggygria Cotoneaster C. laevigata C. red haw hawthorn English h. orientalis Convallaria C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. cneorum Coptis C. quick-set.needle Cnicus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. thorn. benedictus Coix C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. peregrina Consolida C. autumnale Comptonia C. thorn apple.. smoke plant. Venetian sumac. apiculatus Crataegus C. smokebush smoke tree. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. avellana Cotinus C.
. sempervirens Cydonia C. sieberi C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C..C. kotschyanus C. angustifolius C. gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus 'Albus' C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . × allwoodii D. oblonga Cymbopogon C. citratus Cytisus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. tomasinianus Cupressus C. maritimum Crocus C. sativus C. speciosus C. scoparius C. West Indian 1. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.
gas plant. sylvestris Doronicum D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. sativus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. carnation. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. lanata D. burning bush. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. grandiflora D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. spectabilis Dictamnus D. pardalianches E Echeveria E.
pungens Eleocharis E. hyemale Eranthis E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. japonica Eryngium E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. plum eryngo sea holly. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. Australian gum. b.. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. jacinth.E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. arvense E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . epimedium barrenwort. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. Japanese medlar. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. ironbark. dulcis Endymion E. perfoliatum E. californica Eucalyptus E. poppy eucalypt. rugosum v. sea eryngo California poppy C. sea holm. J. gum tree. blueweed. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. viridis Epimedium E. torquata Euonymus E. S.
fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .s. vulgare F. a. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. ulmaria F.s. alpine s. assafoetida Ficus F. sow-teat s. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vulgare F. a. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. vulgare subsp. a. finocchio. imperialis Fumaria F.s. vulgare var. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.Euphorbia E. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. major Fragaria F. chiloensis F. cyparissias F Ferula F.
gardenia. false baby's-breath woodruff. checkerberry. spotted c. honey locust. triacanthos Gossypium G. odoratum G. nivalis Galium G. mock p. ground ivy. wild c. Capejasmine wintergreen. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. mountain tea. robertianum Glechoma G. germanica G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. red Robin . vernalis H. Carolina jessamine Genista G. Carolina jasmine G. dyer's greenweed. field balm. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. mollugo G.. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. woodwaxen. teaberry. maculatum G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. tinctoria Geranium G.. hexapetala G Galanthus G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. sweet w. pulegioides American pennyroyal. virginiana Hedeoma H. alumroot herb Robert. hederacea Gleditsia G.. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. our-lady's-b. verum Gardenia G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H.. cleavers white bedstraw. runaway robin.F. Carolina yellow j.
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atrorubens H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. cannabinus H. corsicus H. rose m. bimlipatum j. garland 1. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. hibiscus kenaf. × luteola Herniaria H. lilioasphodelus H. Chinese hibiscus. bimli j.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. rose-of-China. foetidus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting.. lemon d. matronalis Hibiscus H. sweet r. Hawaiian h. Deckaner h. petiolatum Heliotropium H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. giant m. angustifolium H. Deccan h. lividus subsp. licorice plant heliotrope. bastard jute. arborescens Helleborus H.. turnsole heliotrope.. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting... curry plant false licorice. mallow.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. China rose. blacking plant plantain lily. daylily . glabra Hesperis H. Indian hemp. niger H. flavescens Helenium H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily.
navelwort gotu kola St. perforatum Hyssopus H. horned h. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. patulum 'Sungold' H.-John's-wort St. I. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. box-leaved h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. white h. orangeroot. crenata var. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. . plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. lupulus Hydrangea H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H.H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I.. European h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. asiatica Hypericum H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop.-John's-wort St. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. box-leaved h. Burford's holly Japanese holly. rose h.
tinctoria Inula I. water f. cristata I. crested i. chinensis var. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. crested dwarf i. touch-me-not jewelweed. helenium Ipomoea I. officinale Juniperus J. glabra I. opaca I. wilsonii Impatiens I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. pseudacorus Isatis I. woad dyer's woad. snapweed. jewelweed. spotted t. virginiana red cedar jasmine. horizontalis creeping j.. yellow flag. capensis Indigofera I.. × germanica var. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . tinctoria Ixia I. alba Iris I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.. 'Great Lakes' I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. J. florentina I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. African corn lily corn lily orris. maculata J Jasminum J. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily.I.
paradise p. dentata var. plume plant. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.. sweet bay laurel. dentata L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. angustifolia L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. maculatum L. album L. bay. white d. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. carnea Brazilian-plume.. indica Lamium L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. d. plume flower. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.. dumb nettle. n.. n. angustifolia subsp.Justicia water willow J. nobilis Lavandula L. flamingo p.
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sativum Leucojum L. hedge plant privet. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. pepperwort. blue cardinal flower . summer s. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. benzoin Linum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. marsh rosemary.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. perenne L. lovage privet. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. statice statice toadflax spicebush. muscari Lobelia L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender.. aestivum Levisticum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. usitatissimum Liriope L. officinale Ligustrum L. candidum L. leonurus Leontopodium L.
honesty. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. coronaria L. satin flower honesty. cordata Magnolia M. sempervirens Lunaria L. silver-dollar. penny f. lycopersicum var. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. stellata M.L. gypsywort. vulgaris Lythrum L. money plant. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. moonwort. maritima L. catchfly mullein pink. europaeus Lysimachia L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. coronaria 'Alba' L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L.. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. coral h. annua Lychnis L. campion. flava L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. virginiana sweet alyssum. grandiflora M. lycopersicum var.
crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. lungwort bluebells. lemon m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. apple m. Virginia c. holly g. b.. incanum M. bergamot m. vulgare Matthiola M. × piperita var. bee b. incana Melissa M. Oregon g..... spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. Scotch m. American crab. × gentilis M. horsemint . fastigiata Marrubium M. angustifolia M.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. mountain g. citrata M. curly m.. 'Guiding Star' M.Mahonia M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. Virginia b. gillyflower. bluebells. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. blue barberry apple. aquatica M. requienii M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. pulegium M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. sweet b. × piperita M. white h. Brampton stock. cowslip. officinalis Mentha M. musk m. holly barberry.. imperial stock balm lemon b. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. alcea var. pineapple m. pennyroyal Corsican m. hupehensis Malva M. longifolia M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. holly mahonia.. 'Eau de Cologne' M. stock stock. menthella.
Manila hemp forget-me-not. white b. punctata Montia M. fistulosa M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. b. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. sylvatica Myrica M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. pink b. swamp c. Oswego tea. banana abaca. American m. citriodora M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. odorata Myrtus M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. sweet cicely. menthifolia M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. candleberry.M. anise. Swedish m. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. fistulosa var. white bee balm pink b. red m. myrrh. winter purslane. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle.. b. Greek myrtle. textilis Myosotis M.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
all-heal salad burnet. trifoliata Populus P. balsam p.. sand p.. sieboldii 'Alba' P. tacamahac cinquefoil. lungwort blue 1. maritima P. hackmatack. veris Prunella P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. widdy shrubby c. aspen. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. pensylvanica P. hardy orange poplar. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . five-finger shrubby c. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P.Poncirus P. vulgaris Prunus P. Americana P. granatum Pyrus P. angustifolia P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. hog-pasture b. elatior P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. domestica P.. nepalensis P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. Jerusalem sage. heal-all. persica Pteridium P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. pasture b. Jerusalem cowslip white p. brake bracken. golden hardhack. brake.
ficaria Reseda R.Quercus Q. typhina Ribes R. alpinum R. luteola Rhamnus R.. garden r. autumn damask r.. gooseberry alpine c. chinensis 'Minima' R. pygmy r. gallica damask r. sativum Rosa R.. Bourbon r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. 'Cinderella' R. fairy r. red currant. canina R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. mountain c. small c. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. brier Banksia r. × borboniana R. rose. sweetbrier French r. York-and-Lancaster r. banksiae R. China r. eglanteria R. moss r. cabbage r. brier r. purshiana Rheum R.. crowfoot lesser celandine. eglantine. garden c. dog r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. stellata R Ranunculus R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. pie plant. pilewort mignonette weld. . dog b. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup.. moss r.
Scotch r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. dock s. bitter d. rosemary pine-scented r. prostrate rosemary. polyantha r.. chestnut r. garden sorrel broad dock. chinquapin r. r. tinctorum Rubus R. roxburghii R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. acetosa R. madder bramble blackberry.'Officinalis' R. rosemary white r. golden p. Turkestan r. Cherokee r.. prairie r. angustissimus R. × harisonii R.. Harison's yellow r. snowdwarf memorial r. rugosa R. moschata R. 'Schneezwerg' R. obtusifolius R. wichuraiana R. burnet r. setigera R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. laevigata R. climbing r. Japanese r. hirta Rumex R. sorrel. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. musk r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. × rehderana R.. French sorrel rue . spinosissima R. climbing r.
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bloodroot red puccoon.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. guaranitica S. elderberry American e. canadensis willow. s. bloodroot rue . American e. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. Mexican bush s. greggii S. golden g. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. sclarea S. viridis Sambucus S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. pussy willow sage. purple g. purple variegated garden s. clary annual clary elder. variegated garden s. elegans S. gray sage. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. caprea Salvia S. garden s. leucantha S. involucrata S. leucophylla S. caerula S. osier goat willow. clevelandii S. microphylla S. argentea S.
canadensis Sansevieria S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. marianum Sium S. good-luck plant. tectorum Silybum S. albidum Satureja S. trifasciata Santolina S. live-forever houseleek. roof h. mourning-bride stonecrop. pincushion flower pincushions. devil's tongue. hen-and-chickens. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. pinnata S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. blessed t. Mary's t. morganianum S. hortensis S.. hemp plant snake plant.. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. virens Saponaria S. telephium Sempervivum S.. melongena var. milk t. jasminoides S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. sisarum Solanum S. mad apple . St. sweet s. live-forever houseleek.Sanguisorba S. skirret potato vine eggplant. neapolitana S. atropurpurea Sedum S. lucky plant. officinalis Sassafras S.
big m. sorbifolia Sorbus S. grandiflora S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. hedge nettle. erecta marigold African m. woundwort lamb's-ears. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. reticulata var. officinale S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. vulgaris 'Addie V. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. × persica var.. laciniata Persian lilac S. Aztec m. americana Stachys S.. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. lilac . californica Sorbaria S. laevis Symphytum S. byzantina S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. officinale Syringa S. patula melongene. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. lutea Stokesia S.
lemon t. vulgare var. columnar y. filifolia T. 'Argenteus' T. wood sage germander dwarf.. culinary golden lemon t. upright y. yew conical y. . procumbent g. lucida T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. officinale Taxus T. carnosus T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. occidentalis Thymus T.T. dwarf m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. canadense T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. vulgare T. sweet mace French m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. crispum Taraxacum T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. signet m.. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. tansy tansy. germander American g. fruticans T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m.. marum Thuja T. dense y.
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richardii subsp. . wishbone flower. zygis Torenia T. red c. not culinary French t. serpyllum T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. doerfleri T. herba-barona T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T.. odorus t. lemon t. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. crimson c. confederatej. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. lanatum Trifolium T. nitidus T. nummularius T. caraway t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. praecox subsp.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. pallasianus T. t. glabrescens T. creeping t. woolly thyme creeping t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. praecox T.. pratensis Trichostema T. leucotrichus T.
squill. blueberry. dioica V Vaccinium V. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. kaufmanniana T.Tropaeolum T. 'Sweet Harmony' T.. nettle stinging n. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. serpyllifolia nasturtium. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. maritima Urtica U. cranberry. thapsus Veronica V. farfara U Urginea U. speedwell. clusiana T. water-lily t. angustifolium var. bitter Indian garden n. canadensis Tulipa T. olympicum V. majus T. species t. flannel plant. blattaria V. 'General de Wet' T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. mullein mullein. red s. officinalis Verbascum V. Indian cress dwarf n. tarda T. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. velvet p. pale yellow Darwin t. tall n.. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. huckleberry. tawny orange t. laevifolium Valeriana V. 'Blizzard' T. officinalis V. minus Tsuga T. . early.
heartsease pansy. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. myrtle. carlesii V. maple-leaved viburnum. violet dog violet horned v. lutea 'Splendens' V. heartsease. canina V. prunifolium Vinca V.. cassinoides V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. × wittrockiana Vitis V. zizanioides Viburnum V. acerifolium V. khus-khus. nannyberry. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up.Vetiveria V. sweet h. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.. sheepberry. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. minor Viola V. possum haw .. odorata V. arrowwood. ladies-delight. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. running m. tricolor V. withe-rod vetiver. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. lesser p. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle.
ginger. officinale ginger true ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .
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