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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

whether all their labor was to no avail. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. and I have had the pleasure of advising. more of them exist to serve as examples. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. wheedling. alterations. The turning point came when. especially poetry. It needs no sequel. Their energy and charm caught me up. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. Then. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. bereft of hope. and the publisher. for they had no model and no guide. build it. pushing. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. and the experience provided the final section of the book. carefully chosen. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. responded with delight. With false starts and honest stops. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. This was not to be. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . and record every detailall of the failures. punching. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. successes. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. This they did. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Again they revised. with sparkling enthusiasm. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. seven years ago. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Ginny had done some writing.

< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. while others were prepared by landscape designers. The herb garden designs alone. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. without accompanying commentary. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. specialty. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. 1969 and 1980. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. or by contributors. We. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Likewise. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Italics are always used for botanical names. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. English thyme. although countless common names exist. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. and these are capitalizedfor example. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. and educational purpose. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. rather. degree of maintenance required. the authors. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. former generic names. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. To achieve this. Not all plants used are herbs." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. by their owners. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. historical interest. . we completed a test garden. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. A range of essential factors is considered herein. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume.

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and Joanna Reed. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. has given us valuable information. Lee Buss. which made possible the completion of our text. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Eleanor Gambee. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. and Elizabeth Bryce. FAITH H. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . as expediter and typist. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. and August Frugé. Special thanks are due James C. librarian. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Alice Skelsey. president. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Richard T. past presidents. Nell Neff. have also been of assistance.D. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Betty Rea. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Rady. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Swanson and Robert B. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. His assistant. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Isaacson. too. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. She has served. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. The late Raymond C. former managing editors. Recognition is due Robert B. Genevieve Jyurovat. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages.. and the horticulturist. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Trudi Bela. A lecturer on herbs. Herbert J. Keebler and the late Everest P. and Rexford Talbert. Derthick. Alexander Apanius. has been especially helpful over the years. Finally. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Jo Lohmolder. M. Susan Frugé. Weatherhead. We are grateful to many. Wanda Ritchie.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former director of same. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Its interest is independent of flowers. partially excavated area.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. new ways of seeing. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. not at all difficult to maintain. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. temples of worship. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Perennial herbs. If no . changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. "Not difficult to plan. a front dooryard. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. some of which are evergreen." A good design does not "happen. the north point will have been indicated. and structures. new plants. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. and hedges will have been located. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. and decisions must not be left to chance. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. As one constantly reinforces the other. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. lay out a plan of the property. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. to increase the value of the property. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. fences. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. As Henry Beston reflects." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. or an abandoned. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. In order to create a fine garden design.

measurements are in engineer's scale. Here. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . and hedges. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.

will give the lot or acreage measurements.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. other significant structures. Next. too. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Other areas may require a smaller scale. In the absence of a survey map. too. and the driveway. such as the one illustrated here. Here. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. The object is to . This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. measurements are in engineer's scale. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. In this example. A deed description. measure to locate the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. to locate the house. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. but with all needed information.

the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. The tools needed for drawing are few. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. and unusual land features noted. < previous page page_3 next page > . shrubs. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. driveway. The smaller the scale. triangleof inexpensive plastic. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. and parallel lines. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. enclosures.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. lines at an angle. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. paths.

However. brick. garage. yew. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. With the plan on paper." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. and hedges of hemlock. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. One basic rule is the higher the wall. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. or summer kitchen is ideal. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. old smokehouse. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. gazebo. greenhouse. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. and holly. bayberry. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. In the designs that follow.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. In some cases. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. In the absence of a structure. and stone. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. Upkeep. A toolhouse. iron.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

whether it will be rocks. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. deeply evergreen. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. for example. bricks. At first. gray surfaces are found. such as bayberry. For example. if wood is the material of choice.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. some deciduous and some evergreen. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. however. holly. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Stone. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. When this reinforcement is understated. it will seem too sparsely planted. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. for reinforcing the design. If used. painted. a temporary garden that may be changed later. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. landscape timbers. but the results will confirm this course. Allow adequate room within the row. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Where air circulation is much needed. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. railroad ties. When used with a hedge. or. as in outdoor room dividers. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Gates are part of the enclosure. Brick is the all-time favorite material. . concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. yew. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. cut stones. Stained. Generally. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. annual painting is a necessity. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. elegant box. or natural. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Rosemary. or pressure-treated lumber. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. they can be made to order. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. used for dry wall or masonry construction. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Lower cost is an advantage. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Styles are legion. and their styles are countless. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. box. If desired. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. the garden design is most attractive. Whatever the reason. as an example. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. so give them much thought. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. and rosemary. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Equally important is proportion. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. too. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. In some climates. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice.

awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. Conversely. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. there is a necessary.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. appearance. too. There are. A width of four feet allows room for turning. their use no less than comfortable. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. making the design more evident. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Step materials need not be the same as. and maintenance. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. because they are just that. for example. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. . Choose the path material equally for comfort. cost. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. If groups are walking through. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. rosy pink. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. or red. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. The colors are various: terracotta. however. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Paths must be ample. but should be compatible with. Access paths. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. the greater the tread. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.

The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. is an enjoyable experience. This. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic.) To avoid having a slippery surface. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. When they mature. shad Malus coronaria.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. and many good references are available. they should not shade the herbs too much. They are easily renewed as they break down. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . witch hazel Lindera benzoin. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. prepare a planting plan for each. a soft-lead pencil in hand. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. too. shrubs. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. With these recommendations in mind. If the garden is made up of separate beds. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. or trees to be considered. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. bark or pine needles can be used. a result being hazardous footing. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. serviceberry. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs.

begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Do use a soft-lead pencil. it is easily read and easily erased. a focal point is customarily used. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Artifacts As with other gardens. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. for example. or whatever is best in your case. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. whether they are invasive or tall growing. 'Mount Hood daff. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It needs. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. such as the one illustrated here. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. for example. one-half inch equals one foot. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. noting well their growth habits. lemon thyme. Sept. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. too. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Often this center of interest is a sundial. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. however.

If a statue less than life-size is used. Again. It is then in scale with its frame. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. a niche of its own should be created. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. < previous page page_9 next page > . Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. the height of a fence to the house. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. Except for two. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. For easy reference. that of good proportion. However. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a stylized drawing of an ovary. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . the designs have a decorative north point.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Satureja montana.Galium odoratum. fennel 2.Viola tricolor.Allium 11. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Melissa officinalis. 26. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 3. arcticus 27.Satureja hortensis. 16. Landscape Architect.Pelargonium graveolens. Foeniculum vulgare. dill cerasiforme. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 4. a fence. 22. 21.Origanum majorana. lemon balm . Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. salad burnet 12.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Lobularia maritima. 7.A. With color and texture considered for contrast.L. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 1.Ocimum basilicum. summer 23. sativa. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. or other structure. 14. Lavenders accent the front corners. sweet 25. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula savory angustifolia. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.S. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage 17. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. lemon 15. which is used here in relation to a garage. A.Poterium sanguisorba. 5. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. The rules of symmetry are observed. 6. rose 24. bee balm 13.

Chrysanthemum balsamita. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Allium oregano ampeloprasum. dwarf garden 20. Greek 28. leek 9.8.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley 10. chive 18. costmary 'Albus'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 19.Salvia officinalis.Origanum heracleoticum.Porrum Group. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Pelargonium × limoneum.

summer 10. 18. bush basil 3. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon verbena 21. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. perhaps overgrown with weeds. white 20.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. curly parsley sativa. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. Petroselinum crispum var. 13. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. as was done here. 17. . It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Pelargonium graveolens. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Monarda didyma.Foeniculum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. rose 19. 11. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. 9.Pelargonium tomentosum.Satureja hortensis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.Artemisia dracunculus var. French tarragon 2. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. 12. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.

sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Rosa eglanteria. 14.Heliotropium arborescens.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Thymus × citriodorus. 16.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana. English thyme dill 8.salad burnet 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. English'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. eglantine 23.

Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. 13.Levisticum officinale.S. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. spearmint 16. 7.Petroselinum crispum. The image would soon give way to other considerations. sativa. Origanum heracleoticum.Satureja hortensis. The garden is conveniently located. and the plan could be used at a front door.Taxus cuspidata. Even in limited space. however. summer savory 11. 9.Salvia officinalis. .Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese yew 17.A.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia dracunculus var. Then the design might need to be expanded.Mentha spicata.Poterium sanguisorba. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet marjoram 3. English thyme Greek oregano 4. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. however. parsley 5. salad burnet 14. garden sage 8.Chionanthus virginicus. lemon thyme 10. 1. still observing a scale. lovage 15. dill 2.L.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. making the beds larger and the paths wider. A. Origanum majorana.

6. sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum.

blue lungwort 26. hop sativa. leek Foeniculum vulgare. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.Polemonium reptans. 7.Polystichum acrostichoides. salad 20. Dictamnus albus. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. The long.S.Pulmonaria officinalis. sweet violet 16.Stachys byzantina. 18. 30.Primula vulgaris. Viola odorata. fennel 19. yellow 29.Digitalis grandiflora. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Asarum canadense. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Monarda didyma. 13. the challenge is obvious.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. This is an intimate garden. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. bee balm 14. Landscape Architect. 31. 33. 32.Humulus lupulus. Jacob's-ladder 3.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. The number in each planting area is the key number. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 8. 25. garden sage 17.Osmunda cinnamomea.Artemisia dracunculus var. fraxinella 15. wild ginger 27. 9.L.Convallaria majalis. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Teucrium chamaedrys. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.Allium ampeloprasum. lemon thyme 28. Christmas fern 5.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Origanum majorana. summer 21.Thymus × citriodorus. A. 1.A. 6. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. cinnamon fern 4. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. lavender marjoram 2.

Canada hemlock Standard'.Buxus microphylla var.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 34.Galium verum. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . winter savory 24. yellow bedstraw 23.lilac 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Satureja montana. crispum.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Tsuga canadensis. French'.Sorbus americana. French thyme woodruff koreana.savory germander Willmott'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Korean box 11.Galium odoratum. 35.

dill 10. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Aloysia triphylla. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. it became part of the patio. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Rumex scutatus. To be placed near the kitchen. Even so. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Petroselinum crispum var. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. It is a pleasing. 19. lemon verbena 2." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. Italian parsley . garden sage 20. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. One of the beds.Salvia officinalis. Surprisingly.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. this design can be an inspiration. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Origanum heracleoticum. neapolitanum.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. 1. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. geometric design.

chive 25.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. French tarragon 5. curly parsley 22.Anthriscus cerefolium. winter savory 24. borage 'Purpurascens'.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. garlic chive 26. basil sativa. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. crispum.Petroselinum crispum var.Ocimum basilicum. lemon basil 9. summer savory 23.Myrrhis odorata.3. Alpine strawberry 7. sweet 18.Poterium sanguisorba.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Ocimum basilicum 12. lemon balm cicely 6.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . chervil marjoram 21. sweet 14.Allium tuberosum.17.Borago officinalis. sweet 13.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. English thyme bush basil 8.Melissa officinalis. salad 15. purple basil 4.

Pelargonium in variety. the work paths could be eliminated. blue 22. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. green santolina 12. English thyme lemon thyme 11. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. Created in an orderly way.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Myrrhis odorata. so.Galium odoratum. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. 19. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.C. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. The center beds here were established in this way. As a whole. 1. purple basil 4.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. rosemary 3.Satureja montana. winter 21. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Santolina virens. it is full of interesting angles.Thymus × citriodorus.Stachys byzantina. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. it is an unusual.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. To increase the planting area. scented-leaf geranium 2. too. sweet 13. 14.Hyssopus officinalis. geometric design. D. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lamb's-ears 20.Lavandula angustifolia. gray .Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. sweet cicely 23. English lavender 10.

camphor-scented wormwood 8. horehound24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Teucrium chamaedrys. classic myrtle 9.Salvia officinalis.Myrtus communis. American southernwood holly 17.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum. clove pink 7. 25. French thyme santolina 15.6. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Artemisia camphorata. germander 16.Ilex opaca. silver mound artemisia 18.

The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. which adds its impression of warmth. winter savory 16. tansy 25. French tarragon 14. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.Santolina chamaecyparissus. yarrow 12. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. Sometimes space is limited. sweet basil 4. casts the shadow for the hour. this herb garden is secluded. Achillea millefolium. Job's tears 11. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary 15. sweet woodruff 5. Ocimum basilicum. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Hyssopus officinalis.Chamaemelum . arcticus 21. Lavandula angustifolia. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Satureja montana. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. blue hyssop 2. borage 23.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. This center of interest is of particular note. absinthe 26.Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina 13.Melissa officinalis. Galium odoratum. Its arrow points north and. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. too. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pot marigold 24. Coix lacryma-jobi. 1.Borago officinalis. sativa. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. lemon balm 22. purple basil 3. English lavender 6.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var.

Chrysanthemum balsamita. comfrey20. chamomile 17. variegated garden sage 8. Salvia officinalis.Syringa. wild marjoram 28. Salvia elegans. marjoram pecan 10. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Allium geranium schoenoprasum.7. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Origanum majorana.Carya illinoinensis.Origanum vulgare.Symphytum officinale. chive 18. pineapplescented sage 9. scented-leaf 27. costmary 'Albus'. garden sage 19. sweet 29. white creeping thyme nobile.Pelargonium in variety.

blue 23. The more invasive ones. chervil 15. true ginger16. 18. sweet 34. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Salvia officinalis. hyssop Meyer lemon .Apium graveolens.Ruta graveolens. sunken into the ground. rue 31. 36.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. sativa. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Allium schoenoprasum. 6. sweet cicely 37.Pelargonium × limoneum. 5. 3. 8. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Allium sativum. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Pelargonium graveolens. Anthriscus cerefolium.Melissa officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon balm 35. 4.Myrrhis odorata. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 19. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 9. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. parsley 17. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Marrubium vulgare. purple basil Zingiber officinale. When controlled in this way.Satureja hortensis. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 29. dill 20.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. 7.Ipomoea alba. garlic Levisticum officinale. 30. summer 32. lovage 22. French sorrel 21. rose geranium 2. horehound 33.

Aloysia triphylla. bush basil 14.10. sweet basil 38.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Mentha spicata. Japanese yew 39. French thyme 24.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Tropaeolum minus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Origanum heracleoticum. lemonthyme 28. Greek oregano 12.Poterium sanguisorba. salad burnet 25. English thyme 26. lemon verbena 11.Magnolia virginiana. spearmint 27.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. dwarf nasturtium 13.

Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. simplify!. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. < previous page page_22 next page > . but. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. whatever the reason. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. a quick way to ensure good drainage. however. "Simplify.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Artemisia absinthium.Anethum graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. spearmint 21. 18. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Capsicum frutescens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Lindera benzoin.Petroselinum crispum.Ocimum basilicum. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Thymus praecox subsp. dill 13. summer basil savory 7.Melissa officinalis. sweet 25. rue 20. arcticus. 12.Monarda didyma. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Tanacetum vulgare. spicebush absinthe French'.Ruta graveolens. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. aloe Grossum Group.Satureja hortensis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis.Mentha spicata. 16.Galium odoratum. balm sativa.Lactuca sativa. French tarragon 5. bell pepper 6. jewelweed24.Artemisia dracunculus var. 26. 14.Mentha x piperita. lemon 22. bee balm 19.Impatiens capensis.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium fistulosum. sweet 15.Hedeoma pulegioides. tansy 11. 1. garden sage 3. peppermint 23.Aloe barbadensis. parsley 2.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. sweet 17. lettuce 10.Origanum majorana.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. Perovskia abrotanoides. Russian 13.Pelargonium in variety. 8. faced and capped with random. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. arcticus 14. Thymus praecox subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. too. A low wall of brick.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. germander 7. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. encloses this plan. French thyme 2. horizontally laid bluestone.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. 1. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. . The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.

Hamamelis virginiana. white creeping thyme 5.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm hyssop 12. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.-John'swort 17. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. blue 11. lady's6. lemon thyme 10.Hyssopus officinalis. witch hazel 18.Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 3. St. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina neapolitana 4. Thymus × citriodorus. trumpet vine 16.Campsis radicans.angustifolia.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Alchemilla vulgaris. crimson creeping thyme 9. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Galium odoratum.Viburnum cassinoides.

arcticus and encloses the herb garden. the shrubsyew. Although this is not a large garden. however. box. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. However. holly.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. It is. Germander is a proper edging here. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. lilac. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. < previous page page_28 next page > . which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Japanese holly 42. mint silver mound artemisia 25. 12. cottage pink 2.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. woolly thyme 7. Viola odorata. white creeping thyme 37. sweet violet 19. fringed wormwood 16. dwarf crested iris 39.Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. mantle chamomile 5.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. winter 29.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Eloise & Jo Ray. dwarf box 41. Marrubium vulgare.Stachys byzantina.Salvia sclarea. fraxinella 33. Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Ruta graveolens.Salvia leucophylla. sweet albula.Comptonia peregrina. clary 30.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.20.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. 9. Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia camphorata.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. 21. Heliotropium arborescens. lady's. classic myrtle 15. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . lilac 45. columnal yew 43. Japanese yew 44. Alchemilla vulgaris.Anemone pulsatilla.Thymus praecox subsp.Myrtus communis.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet cicely17. lamb'sears 35. dwarf privet 48. crimson creeping thyme 31.Dictamnus albus. 32. Mentha requienii. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Borago officinalis.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. rue 6. 1. alpine strawberry 8.Syringa patula.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white hyssop 4.Cytisus supinus.Iris × germanica var. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Artemisia frigida. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Satureja montana. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 18. 26.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. prostrate rosemary 13. gray sage savory 14. green 27. red creeping thyme 10. blue horehound hyssop 3.Iris cristata.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. broom 40. shrubby cinquefoil 46. 23. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. santolina alpine pink 28. Myrrhis odorata. lavender 22. arcticus 'Albus'. Corsican 24.Santolina pinnata 34. orris 38. germander 36.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. Japanese holly 47. Simkins'.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Chamaemelum nobile.Hyssopus officinalis. florentina.

a running bond pattern. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. Other paths are brick. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. an herb garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. as is true here in the vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. the center of interest for the herb garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. < previous page page_30 next page > . and a vegetable garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. a cutting garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This hedge. and one has an inset for a garden seat.

Landscape Architect.S.A. A.L. .< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.

Satureja hortensis.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. lavender 18.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. candytuft Standard'. 37. lemon thyme 40. germander 39.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. blue 27.Hyssopus officinalis.Helleborus niger. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Limonium latifolium. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. pale 28.The number in each planting area is the key number. cottage pink French'.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum 54. blue iris 9. 52. yellow 35. green santolina 42.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Galium odoratum.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. sweet 51. alpine strawberry 3.Rosa damascena savory crispum. purple basil Japanese holly 17. Louise'. garden sage 56.Magnolia virginiana. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Allium christophii.Teucrium chamaedrys.Satureja montana. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. 50.Pelargonium in variety.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 14.Origanum heracleoticum. yellow 24.Polystichum acrostichoides.Artemisia dracunculus var. fraxinella 26.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. clary 46. York-andLancaster rose 16. Campanula persicifolia.Salvia sclarea.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. 47.Ribes alpinum. French thyme 7. plantain lily 2.Hemerocallis × luteola. 22. 55. starsMaxima'.Origanum majorana.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. blue hyssop 43. lemon 29. French tarragon 8. helenium 4.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. sweet marjoram 45. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Lilium candidum. Stokes' aster 31.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 44.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white 'Bouquet'. 53. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Stachys byzantina. Rosmarinus officinalis. Aquilegia chrysantha. double white peony of-Persia 12.Thymus × citriodorus. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. dill wishbone flower 5.Digitalis grandiflora.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Christmas 48.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. Achillea taygetea. summer 34. sativa.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Dictamnus albus. Anethum graveolens 23.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Petroselinum crispum var. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Santolina virens. 1. 32. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. statice Solemacher'.Stokesia laevis. yellow epimedium 15. verbena rose chive 11. lamb's-ears 49. bush basil 41.

This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. as in this case. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. < previous page page_32 next page > . While serving as a soil retainer. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. a retaining wall or walls are needed.

sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lemon 22. F. borage 26.Viola odorata. Monarda didyma. Borago officinalis. 1.Iris pseudacorus. Stachys byzantina.Iris cristata.Tanacetum vulgare var. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.45.Mentha spicata.A. sweet 23. Melissa officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. 21.R. crispum.A. bee balm 24.Aloysia triphylla. The number in each planting area is the key number. Landscape Architect.Allium schoenoprasum.Galium odoratum. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. lady's43. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Alchemilla vulgaris. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Solanum pseudocapsicum. lemon verbena 46.Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. lamb's25. . spearmint 41. Ocimum basilicum. English 44. 42.

Mentha × piperita var.7.Mentha pulegium.Artemisia dracunculus var.Cassia marilandica. savory sativa.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. polyantha rose 12. garlic chive 48.Artemisia absinthium.Foeniculum vulgare.Verbascum thapsus. 33.Petroselinum crispum var. absinthe English thyme 27. Greek 53.Allium ampeloprasum. Egyptian onion 11. Porrum Group. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. orange mint 29.Dianthus caryophyllus.Satureja hortensis. Ajuga reptans.Ruta graveolens. carpet bugleweed 8.Nepeta cataria. tabasco senna pepper 20.Chrysanthemum balsamita. curly parsley oak 17.Origanum heracleoticum. horehound neapolitanum. rue 51. 57. 40. Rosmarinus officinalis. leek 49. fennel 35.Capsicum frutescens. catnip 50. mullein chive 47.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Artemisia abrotanum. myrtle 58. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . Poterium sanguisorba. pineapple38. clove 55. garden sage 36.Rosa × rehderana.Elaeagnus pungens. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Anethum graveolens. dill 34. post crispum 'Banquet'. citrata. 52. pink hawthorn 16.Salvia elegans.Allium tuberosum. 56.Cornus florida.Marrubium vulgare.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum majorana. sweet marjoram 28. wild 39. Proliferum Group.Vinca minor. rosemary 9.Salvia officinalis. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Quercus stellata.Crataegus arkansana. French tarragon holly 13. summer 32. southernwood 31.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. salad burnet 10. pennyroyal 54. curly mint 30.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 37.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Allium cepa. flowering dogwood 15.Allium sativum.

and vinegars. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. However. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. mothproofing bags. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. < previous page page_34 next page > . Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. sleep pillows. but it is more than adequate for potpourri.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. Although this is a northeast exposure. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.

bee balm 30.Artemisia abrotanum. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Pelargonium tomentosum.Allium pulchellum 47.Allium sativum var. 23. dwarf nasturtium 37.Artemisia dracunculus var. lettuce in variety 25. winter 29.Tropaeolum minus. Egyptian onion 42. Ruta graveolens. orris 17. French tarragon 10.Hyssopus officinalis . Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Pelargonium × limoneum.Calendula officinalis. round-headed garlic 46. 50.Melissa officinalis. bay 48. lilac 32. balm valerian 15. 24.Salvia oficinalis. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Levisticum officinale. crispum. Poterium sanguisorba. tansy 16.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Allium sphaerocephalum. 49. lemon 18. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender 7.Galium odoratum.Hemerocallis.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. 1.Mentha spicata. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Monarda didyma. lily leek 44.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. burnet lovage 6.Allium schoenoprasum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Thuja occidentalis.Pelargonium fragrans.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis.Salvia elegans. chive 43. American rosemary arborvitae 34. garden sage 2. rue 26.Rosmarinus officinalis. English finger-bowl geranium 38. anise hyssop 14. sativa. peppermint geranium 40.Pelargonium graveolens.Allium cepa. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Tanacetum vulgare. Hallock'. Petroselinum crispum var. Lactuca.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. 21.The number in each planting area is the key number. blue hyssop 35. 'President Poincare'. costmary 5.Iris × germanica var.Tsuga canadensis. Proliferum Group. southernwood 9.Agastache foeniculum. daylily in variety 41. purple basil sage 11. florentina. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . 19. pot 28. salad 22. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Alchemilla vulgaris. nutmeg geranium 39.Rumex scutatus. Thymus × citriodorus.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum 27. lemon verbena 36.Aloysia triphylla. 'Monge'. Roman 20. garden 'Purpurascens'. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Valeriana officinalis. lemon 31.Allium moly. Artemisia pontica.

with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. < previous page page_36 next page > . A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A simple knot. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Invasive. is the focus of the middle level.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.

Satureja montana 'Nana'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. horehound 46. Digitalis purpurea. sativa. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Marrubium vulgare.Foeniculum vulgare. salad burnet 23. foxglove 4. thyme 3. valerian 5. French tarragon 44.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. golden thyme . houseleek 45.Sempervivum tectorum. pineapple mint 22. dwarf winter savory 2. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Armeria maritima.Monarda didyma. white thrift 24. pineapplescented sage 47.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Poterium sanguisorba. Valeriana officinalis. fennel 25.Salvia elegans. summer savory 43. bee balm 26. 1.

Rosa chinensis. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. dwarf edging box 21. skirret 60.Chrysanthemum 36. white 58. feverfew climbing rose 16.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. fraxinella 8.6.Agrimonia eupatoria. annual clary 51. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Eranthis hyemalis.Helleborus niger.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet basil sage 27. 54.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Foeniculum vulgare.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Crocus sativus. pot 35. absinthe 53. angelica Lenten rose 10. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. sweet 50. China rose comfrey 19. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Galium odoratum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. yellow 41.Rosa eglanteria. germander 56. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Alchemilla vulgaris. Dictamnus albus. pink 62.Ruta graveolens. 30. dyer's woad 7.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Salvia officinalis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. arcticus 55. garden 42.Sium sisarum.Ocimum basilicum. pink 59.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. 61.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Myrrhis odorata.Helleborus orientalis.Lavandula angustifolia. parthenium. Madonna cicely lily 12. sweet 32.Lilium candidum.Allium schoenoprasum.Teucrium chamaedrys. English 52.Galium verum. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. clary 48. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Origanum majorana. 40.Levisticum officinale. sweet 37. rosemary 28. 33. Salvia sclarea. Isatis tinctoria.Calendula officinalis. French'.Rosmarinus officinalis. 39.Salvia viridis.Echium vulgare.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. viper's 34. blue hyssop 57.Symphytum officinale. lavender Christmas rose 11. rue 31.Laurus nobilis.Anemone pulsatilla.Artemisia absinthium.Hyssopus officinalis. Angelica archangelica. 38.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. marigold chive 15. winter bugloss 'Albus'.

However. Carya ovata. even though space is limited. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. and the shagbark hickory. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. There is variety in this plan. < previous page page_38 next page > . Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.

Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. dogwood Salvia sclarea. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. borage Petroselinum crispum. box Ruta graveolens. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. French Galium odoratum. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. valerian Rosa damascena. sweet basil Satureja montana. stewardsonii. Marrubium vulgare. flax Buxus sempervirens. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. bee balm Melissa officinalis. Canada Isatis tinctoria. box Carya ovata. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. box Buxus sempervirens. green santolina Primula veris. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. Poterium sanguisorba. Asarum canadense. angelica Mondarda didyma. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona.Galium verum. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Arisaema triphyllum. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. germander Agastache foeniculum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. red mint . chive Ilex opaca. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. Aloysia triphylla. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. Adiantum pedatum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. rue Cornusflorida. sativa. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. citrata. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. lamb's. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. Artemisia absinthium.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

An informal. a dipping pool there. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. A clump of birch here. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. < previous page page_40 next page > . However. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. A singular statue of St. this excavation.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. For this appearance. unplanned look was desired. too. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. is on a sandy knoll. it is open on the side facing the house. first intended for the construction of a cottage.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

36. 58.Melissa officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Achillea tomentosa.Satureja hortensis. 75. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Urginea maritima. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Allium favum lovage 22.Digitalis grandiflora.Petroselinum crispum.Anethum graveolens. celandine cicely 18. 78. lemon balm 44. 52.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Origanum majorana. spearmint 45.Digitalis purpurea. golden 37. Johnny-jump-up54.Marrubium vulgare. mint 50. Thymus praecox subsp.Betula papyrifera.Pelargonium graveolens.Teucrium canadense. Iris × germanica var.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Thymus praecox subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number. 65. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Vinca minor. 33.Pelargonium crispum.Lavandula angustifolia. 32. rose geranium 10.Origanum vulgare. 76.Anthriscus cerefolium. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 69.Glechoma hederacea.Thymus herba-barona. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rose bergamot valerian 25.Althaea officinalis. chive crispum. lemon 35. French'. white birch English lavender parthenium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Armeria maritima. 68. winter savory 20.Mentha suaveolens.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Mentha × gentilis.Poterium sanguisorba. wild 43. 53.Consolida orientalis. gray scented sage santolina 4.Monarda didyma.Pelargonium quercifolium. lamb's-ears parsley 19. orris chamaecyparissus.Origanum onites. pennyroyal 46.Convallaria majalis.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. sea onion angelica 24. 79. rue 29. apple mint 49.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 59. myrtle 14. 1. 63. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 64. Ruta graveolens. feverfew 27. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Mentha spicata. pineapple3.Myrrhis odorata.Santolina florentina. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. 61. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Ocimum basilicum.Viola tricolor. Sempervivum tectorum.Coriandrum sativum. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 31. pot 66.Pelargonium denticulatum. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Mentha × piperita.Artemisia abrotanum. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. red mint 48.Levisticum officinale. 70. orange geranium 11. 30. blue 2. 'Prostratus'. 77.Ajuga reptans. 72. bee balm . Artemisia dracunculusvar.Chelidonium majus. sweet 71. woolly thyme 13. garden sage lungwort 57.Nepeta cataria. 34.Rosa 'Merry England'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Salvia elegans. 74.Monarda fistulosa. 60. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. 67.Satureja montana. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Allium schoenoprasum. Thymus × citriodorus.Chrysanthemum 80. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. peppermint 47.Pulmonaria officinalis. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 12. 38.Valeriana officinalis. creeping juniper 26.Angelica archangelica. fern-leaf tansy 23. wild 51. catnip 73. purple basil 9. thrift55. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 8.Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. marsh 42.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Mentha pulegium.Pelargonium tomentosum.

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A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. is used for the wall. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. and the two small trees. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. < previous page page_42 next page > . The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. the accents of the six large box. Foundation stone. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. making it more a part of the herb garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. the same as the smokehouse construction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Because of the edging box.

A. Landscape Architect. .S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L.A.

Satureja hortensis. orange mint 19.Mentha spicata.Mentha × piperita.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. balm citrata.Satureja montana. Origanum majorana. Symphytum officinale. sweet 37.Allium giganteum.Allium schoenoprasum. Ocimum basilicum 24.Tanacetum vulgare var.Angelica archangelica. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Lavandula angustifolia. white 23. summer 25. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. 40. blue angelica lungwort 20. English 'Minimum'.Mentha × piperita var.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. lemon 34. lemon basil 15. Pelargonium graveolens. sweet 26. 47. 44. 'Purpurascens'. 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lovage 46.Prunus domestica.Chrysanthemum 28. species in variety crispum.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum.Buxus sempervirens. purple basil sativa.Crataegus laevigata.Aloysia triphylla.Lilium candidum. pineapple mint 18.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. fringed 43.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 1. Corsican 33. dwarf edging box 14. sweet cicely45.Ocimum basilicum 32.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum.The number in each planting area is the key number. 27. lady's. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Myrrhis odorata. verbena English thyme 5. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. crownbasil savory imperial 11.38.Fritillaria imperialis. European ginger 4. spearmint 48. Asarum europaeum.Mentha requienii. bee balm 29. 35.Ocimum basilicum 30. fraxinella 17.Alchemilla vulgaris. 21. 31. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Rosmarinus officinalis. 39. sweet marjoram 2.Artemisia frigida. balsamita.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. Dictamnus albus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. rosemary 3. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Galium odoratum. lemon 36. 41.Crocus. winter 42.Melissa officinalis.Viola tricolor. box 'Citriodorum'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.

and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. < previous page page_44 next page > . arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. This hedge. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. The dipping bowl. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. too. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. the dwarf box edging. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. pink of Dianthus. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. two specimen shrubs. a soil retainer. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Instead. This is true also of the stone curbing. Lowgrowing.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. although it is ample at four feet. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant.

.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.L. Landscape Architect. A.S.

Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. orange mint 8.Lilium candidum.Convallaria majalis. 'Lanuginosus'.Teucrium canadense. sweet 55. 40. lemon 33.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 61.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus herba-barona. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. Santolina chamaecyparissus. spearmint 48. Stachys byzantina. arcticus 34. Salvia officinalis.Cimicifuga racemosa.Mertensia virginica. winter savory 39. thyme 29. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Origanum majorana. arcticus 30. white 42. 43. 1. 17.Helleborus niger.Narcissus triandrus var.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Crocus kotschyanus.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. Compactus'.Sternbergia lutea. verbena snowflake 19. marjoram crocus 7. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Narcissus asturiensis. angel's-tears 59. 26.Anemone blanda. caraway thyme albus.Salvia sclarea.Aloysia triphylla. 45. 54. lamb's-ears 28. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. American 38.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 53. 58. 36. lily.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Tulipa clusiana.Galanthus nivalis. golden thyme41.Thymus × citriodorus.The number in each planting area is the key number. clary 32.Levisticum officinale. green santolina 37. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. rue25. 51.Myrica pensylvanica. Madonna 63.Allium christophii. 56. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 2. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. Thymus doerfleri. sweet 27.Nepeta mussinii.Digitalis grandiflora. 44.Heliotropium arborescens.Crocus speciosus. 46. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Satureja montana.Borago officinalis. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Mentha spicata.57.Crocus angustifolius. sweet 47. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Pelargonium in variety. Thymus praecox subsp.Galium odoratum.Leucojum aestivum. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 52. 20. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Crocus tomasinianus.Pelargonium in variety. prostrate rosemary 18.Mentha × piperita.Angelica archangelica. angustifolia 'Nana'. gray 22.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Helleborus lividus subsp.Mentha × piperita var.Hamamelis virginiana. tulip citrata. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Santolina virens. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 49.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. 50. catmint 35. borage 31. Spanish bluebell 16. lemon 60. black cohosh windflower 15.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Ocimum basilicum.Dicentra spectabilis.

The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Second.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. The results have been most satisfying. First. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. very livable and profoundly satisfying. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Morning sun warms it early. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season.

Apium graveolens. 1. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia sclarea.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 21. leek 46.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Allium neapolitanum. crocus 44. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Artemisia absinthium 24.S. French tarragon 5. Ocimum basilicum. garden sage 4. Beauty'. Porrum Group.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect. English thyme 43.Crocus sieberi.Salvia officinalis.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Artemisia lactiflora. Origanum heracleoticum.Allium ampeloprasum. 25. Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus praecox subsp. absinthe sativa. sweet basil 23. 26. A. tulip 45. . clary thyme 22.Tulipa tarda.A. marigold 41. 'Lambrook Silver'. wild celery 42. woolly thyme 3.L.

Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. blue 38. viola holly 18. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Hyssopus officinalis. 39. Viola odorata. 8. lemon 50. sweet 37. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Malus hupehensis.Aconitum napellus. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. bee balm foxglove Choice'. curly parsley 20. Robert verbena Brydon'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.foxglove 7.Cornus florida.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. American elderberry 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. 29.Lobelia siphilitica.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Nepeta × faassenii. lobelia Sherbert'.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. butterfly 47. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. 56. clematis 11. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Petroselinum crispum var. 32.Dictamnus albus. Lavandula angustifolia.Allium senescens var.Santolina virens.Allium schoenoprasum.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Ipomoea alba.Stachys byzantina.Galium mollugo. red currant gray santolina 13. 58.Origanum majorana. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Levisticum officinale. 54.Aloysia triphylla.Asclepias tuberosa.Ilex opaca. catmint 53.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Rosmarinus officinalis. green 40. lamb's-ears 52.Digitalis grandiflora. yellow 55. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. dogwood 19. fraxinella 36. pale 49.Artemisia camphorata.Clematis 'Mrs. monkshood upright yew 17. great 31. lovage 34. alpine 28. American marjoram Yellow'.Ribes sativum. white evergreen azalea 16.Achillea filipendula 60. weed chive 48.Tropaeolum minus. pink 30.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Dianthus × allwoodii.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

are raised with bricks on edge. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. The four herb beds. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Well-drained as they are. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. A birdbath of copper. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. an impression of Sol in it.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. even though the growing area is not extensive. repeats again the octagonal form.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

angustifolia. 16. 43. peppermint 4. 1. Semple. sativa. lamb's-ears 17.Lavandula dentata.Mentha spicata.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 41. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Marrubium vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha × piperita.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. heliotrope 31. sweet woodruff 9.Salvia sclarea.Pelargonium tomentosum. rosemary 33.Poterium sanguisorba. 29. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. English thyme horehound 2.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Petroselinum crispum var.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon 30. Stachys byzantina. French 26. clary 21. Artemisia abrotanum. lavender pine geranium chive 13. clove pink 10. rue 35. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . absinthe 20.Ruta graveolens.Santolina 25.Pelargonium crispum. 42.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium denticulatum.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon 7. Galium odoratum. Artemisia dracunculus var. spearmint southernwood 5.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. curly mint 3. sweet basil 22. 28. prostrate rosemary 34.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. orange santolina geranium 11. lemon 39.Allium tuberosum. white creeping thyme 12. bush basil 23. 27. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. lavender 15. silver mound artemisia 8. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ocimum basilicum. gray 'Prince of Orange'. catmint 6.Joan E.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Nepeta mussinii. variegated garden sage 37.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. curly parsley 32. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Artemisia absinthium. crispum.Aloysia triphylla. Anethum graveolens. thyme salad burnet 40. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. golden variegated garden sage 38. 19. purple variegated garden sage 36. dill 18. purple basil 24.

and lantana are a few. if neither is available. rose geranium. lemon verbena. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. rose. A birdbath may replace the pool. A suitable fence. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. a toolhouse. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. too. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. < previous page page_52 next page > .< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

geranium 16. heliotrope 21. 1. zonal geranium 19. lemon 10. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. zonal geranium 18. 13.L.Aloysia triphylla. verbena ambrosia 4.Artemisia absinthium 11.Thymus praecox subsp.S. arcticus 'Albus'.A. fern-leaf tansy 8. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 9.Chamaemelum nobile. Landscape Architect.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Tanacetum vulgare var. woolly thyme 15. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Chenopodium botrys.Pelargonium frutetorum.Rosmarinus officinalis. white creeping thyme 2.Thymus × citriodorus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina chamomile 14.Santolina virens.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Origanum majorana. sweet santolina marjoram 6. crispum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . absinthe 'Minimum'. A. bush basil 5. green 12. rosescented geranium 17. 7. lavender 3. lemon thyme 20.Heliotropium arborescens.

At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. mints. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. a sundial. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. As the snows melt. box. artemisias. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. the design is clearly traced. Angelica. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. apothecary's rose. The dwarf box frames the focal point. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. but the design itself has endured forty years. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . These can easily obliterate a design. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Box and holly enclose it all. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. a deep mauve to others. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. and coltsfoot are only a few of them.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

30.Astrantia major.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Iris × germanica var. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Buxus sempervirens. marjoram lungwort crispum. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Taxus. alpine 60. 'Albus'.Sempervivum tectorum.James D. valerian 6.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. Pelargonium in variety.Artemisia absinthium.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. blue 50. sweet woodruff45. dyer's woad 9.Stachys byzantina.Paeonia officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. germander 43. 26. absinthe 34. butterfly weed35. orris 57. 67.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. 48. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. florentina. lilac 70. Dianthus caryophyllus. Santolina virens. 58. dwarf edging box 21.47.Sium sisarum.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. Satureja montana.Helleborus orientalis.Valeriana officinalis. lady's-mantle 46.Santolina chamaecyparissus. bush basil nettle orpine 4. piney 44. nasturtium 28.Origanum onites.Lilium candidum.63.Teucrium chamaedrys.Hyssopus officinalis. lamb's-ears 33. arcticus 40. 62. green.Lavandula angustifolia.Isatis tinctoria.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis. feverfew 14. blue hyssop 42. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 65. southernwood 2. Graham. French thyme Madonna lily 16. wild 52. green santolina 24. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Sedum telephium.Reseda luteola.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Alchemilla alpina. Canadian burnet 13.Foeniculum vulgare. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Armeria maritima. weld 54.Syringa. white 66. clove pink 29. arcticus 38.Lamium album. Rosmarinus officinalis.Asarum europaeum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. thrift 41. bronze 64.Pyrus communis.Pulmonaria officinalis. daffodil 17.Helleborus atrorubens 12. Chamaemelum nobile. Origanum majorana. perilla 51. rosemary 25.Asclepias tuberosa. sweet European ginger cicely 3. white dead 49. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Helleborus niger.Perillafrutescens. fern-leaf tansy 5.Myrrhis odorata. skirret 53. rue 23. 55.Artemisia camphorata. 56. winter savory 32. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. arcticus 39.Allium schoenoprasum. leaf geranium French lavender 8. 59.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1.Arisaema dracontium. Tropaeolum majus. sweet 27.Tanacetum vulgare var.Alchemilla vulgaris.Vitis. gray 37. chamomile 31.Thymus praecox subsp. yew Beauty'. grape fennel 19. white creeping thyme French'. scented.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. masterwort 69.Thymus praecox subsp.Monarda fistulosa.Lavandula dentata.Galium odoratum. crimson creeping thyme 18. orris box 22.Symphytum officinale.Santolina neapolitana 36.

They are small specialty beds." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. < previous page page_56 next page > . diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. Rosa 'Albertine'. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. At the top of the steps. However. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. The brick edging around each bed is a help. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. rising from the courtyard. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. with buds of red. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. but no panacea for the maintenance required. pink. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. include this one. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. If there is room for only one rambler rose. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. The large. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. In addition to the brick edging around each.

Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. 1. caraway 24. Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. bush basil 43. 23. garden sage 40.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Melissa officinalis. 22. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. rhubarb 2. alpine strawberry 3. Lavandula angustifolia. lavender 4. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. English thyme . tansy Bois'.Thymus × citriodorus.Satureja montana. subsp. angelica 20.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. foxglove 39.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Rheum rhabarbarum. lemon balm 42. winter savory 41.Tanacetum vulgare.Borago officinalis. Carum carvi.

marguerite chive 9.Tagetes filifolia. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Pelargonium.Anethum graveolens 47.Chrysanthemum.Chenopodium 55. prostrate rosemary 16.R.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.R. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Aloysia triphylla.Chrysanthemum 46. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. rose 28. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Calendula officinalis. 49.R.R. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . lemon 51. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. bourbon rose 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. geranium in 30. sweet 37. French'. 56. blue hyssop 25.Mentha × piperita var. 31.Satureja hortensis.R. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. 45.'Baronne Prevost'.R.Teucrium chamaedrys. 35.Petroselinum crispum var.Dianthus Victoria'. citrata.R. 54. French 33. curly parsley 26. centifolia 'Cristata'.R.Origanum majorana.Salvia elegans. var.Laurus nobilis.Lavandula dentata.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. Pelargonium graveolens. centifolia. pot 50. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. pineapple34. Irish-lace 48. thyme frutescens.Allium schoenoprasum. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Marrubium vulgare. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. 36. muscosa 15.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. musk rose 12.6. clove pink Mammoth'. Consolida ambigua. centifolia var. 29. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. Mexican tea 18. silver 27.Poterium sanguisorba. salad 7.'Albertine'. Hyssopus officinalis. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. cheddar pink 53.sativa.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Artemisia dracunculus 44.

by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. as it should be. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. < previous page page_58 next page > . The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. too.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Laid in an unusual pattern. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Balance is augmented. It is near the house. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

dwarf edging box 8. dill 9.Allium schoenoprasum.Lucile Teeter Kissack. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. 23. santolina moss rose 7.Aloysia triphylla. 16. blue hyssop 13. sweet basil 14.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis.L. Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.A. white creeping thyme 4.Poterium sanguisorba. 1.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. The number in each planting area is the key number. 24.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. heliotrope 3. chive lemon verbena 6. Landscape Architect.Heliotropium arborescens. gray 15. green 22.Santolina virens. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 21. English thyme signet marigold 11. arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. 19.Hyssopus officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Salvia officinalis. lavender 2. 17.Ocimum basilicum.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. A. double white peony 5. English'. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .S.Myosotis sylvatica. rosemary yellow viola 10. 20.

Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. Herbs. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and the grape arbor. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. winter pruned. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. and a comfortable. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. the fence with roses. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. potted lemon verbena. too. The grape vines. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Teucrium chamaedrys.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. BED II germander BED IV 2. Valeriana officinalis. marsh climbing rose. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. sweet climbing rose. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Nepeta mussinii. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 3. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. conical yew rosemary 1. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Galium odoratum.Connecticut Vera Breed. lemon Linum perenne. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Iris cristata. Stachys byzantina. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. purple variegated garden sage 4. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. lovage Myrrhis odorata. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Althaea officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Aloysia triphylla. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. three.

scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. creeping thyme in variety 8. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Sempervivum. Chamaemelum nobile. Thymus × citriodorus. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Delphinium × belladonna. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. lemon Anemone hybrida. lavender 10. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. beach Marrubium vulgare. angustifolia 'Munstead'. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . fairy rose Giant'. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. tuberosa 6. catmint 5. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. plume Baptisia australis. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Thymus. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lemon thyme 9. Rosmarinus officinalis. houseleek in variety 7.

Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. silver. Another angle could be tried with these. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Either it flourished too well. grew too large. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. Herbs. myrtle. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. this was replaced with ''edging" box. blue green. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. planted in bands across these beds. magnolia. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Ivy. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. tend to broaden the width of the garden. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. if desired. its detail is shown below. Later. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. holly. and bright green in the herb beds. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Mentha suaveolens.Myrica pensylvanica.Chamaemelum nobile.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. lovage 48. silver-king artemisia 23.Pelargonium graveolens. bush basil albula. bay rosemary 12.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. thyme 37. Ruta graveolens.Artemisia ludoviciana var. English thyme chamomile 2. rue 20. lamb's.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia dracunculus var. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. French thyme 39. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . dwarf 21.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. winter 'Purpurascens'.Buxus sempervirens 14. purple basil savory 35. French 27. white creeping thyme 41.Levisticum officinale. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Hedera helix.Satureja montana. lemon 29. 49.Ilex opaca.Laurus nobilis. Borago officinalis.19.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 24.Pelargonium fragrans. gray santolina 15. tansy 45. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus doerfleri. lime geranium 4.Poterium sanguisorba. 1. English ivy burnet 10. 44. horehound germander 17. woolly thyme 8. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. 'Minimum'.Thymus carnosus.Marrubium vulgare. thyme 38. American holly 31. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. sweet woodruff 36.Lavandula angustifolia. salad 43.Rumex scutatus. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Galium odoratum. Ocimum basilicum 22. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Teucrium chamaedrys.Monarda didyma.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus herba-barona. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. box chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Albus'. caraway thyme 40.Vinca minor. Stachys byzantina. 33. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. ears rose geranium 3. bee balm30. myrtle 47. 28. spearmint 42.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. bayberry balm thyme 13.Mentha spicata.Tanacetum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. Tropaeolum minus.Rosmarinus officinalis. 25. sweet 34.Magnolia grandiflora. lemon 46.Origanum majorana. borage 26. English'.Pelargonium × nervosum. 6. purple garden sage 7. dwarf edging box 11.

The four potted bay. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. adding to the space for walking. The use of flagstone. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. maypoles. potted shrubs. Laurus nobilis. accent this prime focal point even more. brick. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. too. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. There is variety in the walks. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. standards. It is located for the best viewing. < previous page page_64 next page > . Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. and treessome of which are espaliered. too. It is a large garden.

P. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. 49.50. 51. pot 52.P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Nigella damascena.53. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. Johnny-jump.acerifolium.Chrysanthemum balsamita.P. Thymus × citriodorus.Calendula officinalis. fragrans. winter 27. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.quercifolium.odoratissimum. Satureja montana.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. apple English thyme up geranium 3. 25.Chenopodium botrys.P.Viola tricolor. 26. musty oakscented geranium 5. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. wild 28. 1. love-in. lemon 29.

Artemisia abrotanum. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . Chamaemelum nobile. lettuce 40. box 19. salad 42. dill 36.Poterium sanguisorba. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Levisticum officinale.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Acorus calamus. radens 'Dr. camphor-scented geranium 69. sweet 37.Foeniculum vulgare. crispum 'Minor'. arcticus43. fern-leaf 60. denticulatum.P. French tarragon Rose'.Fragaria vesca.P.Petroselinum crispum.P. blue hyssop 10.Thymus serpyllum. rosemary 9.Laurus nobilis.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens. parsley 35. garden sage 54.Origanum dictamnus.P. golden lemon thyme 7.Forsythia.P.Monarda didyma. 41. tomentosum. glutinosum. chamomile 8.P.Thymus praecox subsp. fern-leaf 'Nana'. sweet flag 16. 62.Anethum graveolens. bronze 38.Salvia caerulea.Salvia officinalis. bee balm 63.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Myrtus communis. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. wild thyme 31.P. pine crispum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. lime geranium 55. rose geranium66. 57.P. pheasant's.Tanacetum vulgare var.Mentha pulegium.6.P. radens. English lavender 32. lettuce 39. crispum. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. 71.Marrubium vulgare.Achilleafilipendula.× nervosum. cherry tomato chive 17. lemon 47. lemon balm 45. bay 20.72. white sweet yarrow violet 13. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Aloysia triphylla. orange geranium 23.P. 44.Lavandula angustifolia.Viola odorata. Hyssopus officinalis.P. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. denticulatum 11. white creeping thyme geranium 68. peppermint 67. lemon geranium 33.Melissa officinalis.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Malus angustifolia. forsythia 'Albus'.Pelargonium crispum. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon geranium 56. strawberry 48.Origanum majorana. lemon-rose geranium 22. lemon 65. horehound 46.Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Allium senescens var.Livingston'. 64. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.P.Allium schoenoprasum. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Malus. 61.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. 58. crowfoot 70.Mentha. classic 21.Poncirus trifoliata.

The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. < previous page page_66 next page > . The result is one of sculptured elegance. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. and Allium karataviense. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. In keeping with this feeling. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. green santolina. too.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

blue hyssop 16.Artemisia frigida. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Foeniculum vulgare.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Satureja montana. gray 10.Liriope muscari. wormwood fennel 2. 1. Mentha suaveolens. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Levisticum officinale. big blue lilyturf 12.Florence B.Allium christophii.Allium moly. 8. apple mint 13. Santolina virens.Salvia officinalis. dwarf garden 17. lemon 11. winter savory 9.Allium sativa. 15.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage 18. green santolina 14. fringed 7. chive 4. Artemisia dracunculus var. arcticus. Baker. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Salvia officinalis.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

Many herb gardens could provide this. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the upper deck. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. and the front porch of the house. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the square. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. for the box after new spring growth. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the circle. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. < previous page page_70 next page > . A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .The number in each planting area is the key number.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Satureja montana.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Chamaemelum nobile. lemon 8. lavender 5. viola 3. winter savory 4. Italian cypress 9.Cedrus deodara.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. dwarf edging box 7. chamomile 2. 1.Cupressus sempervirens. dwarf myrtle 6.

and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. from Peter Coats.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Paths are gravel. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Roses. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four.. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. as it was with this plan. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Coin with Tudor rose design. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > .

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Fragaria vesca. yellow flag 26.Viola odorata.Lactuca sativa.Crithmum maritimum.Aconitum napellus. absinthe peppermint 8. winter 32. Malva sylvestris.Primula elatior. Dianthus caryophyllus. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . fennel 21. 25. pot marigold 15. Chamaemelum nobile.Anemone pulsatilla.Poterium sanguisorba. mallow 13. wild thyme 5. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Carum carvi.Crocus sativus. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. earth 24. Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha × piperita. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis. English daisy 36.Buxus sempervirens.Fumaria officinalis. classic myrtle 18. Eryngium maritimum. English pasqueflower primrose 14. rosemary 16. sweet marjoram 3.Myrtus communis.Viola tricolor.Satureja montana. salad burnet 10.Primula vulgaris. oxlip 17. clove20.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia.Ruta graveolens.Iris pseudacorus. 22. Thymus serpyllum.Melissa officinalis. 19. Madonna 23. chamomile 4.Petroselinum crispum. monkshood27. blue hyssop 2. rue 33. spearmint 30. Foeniculum vulgare. saffron lily crocus 12. lemon balm 31.Calendula officinalis.Lilium candidum.Mentha spicata.Bellis perennis. parsley 29. lettuce 28. caraway 35. Origanum majorana. 34. sweet violet 6. 1.

" Concrete blocks. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. along with a measure of fragrance. white. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. most of the blooms are nightscented. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. spurred. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. silver mound. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. Selected for this reason. its tufted. However.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. plumed. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. white blooms and woolly. but Always Love.

Dianthus 'White Lace'.Galanthus nivalis. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. 17. white 32. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dictamnus albus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound artemisia 3. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 'Albus'. sweet 31.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. silver 16. white .Lilium candidum. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. horehound 2. Stachys byzantina. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. petunia 30. pink 15. 1.19.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Marrubiam vulgare.Galium odoratum. lamb's.

Artemisia ludoviciana. Artemisia lactiflora.Convallaria majalis. Yucca filamentosa.Hesperis matronalis.6. Artemisia absinthium.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . 25. Adam's. lily-ofthe-valley 11. moonflower 39.Iris × germanica var.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. tulip 37.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 26.Matthiola incana. orris 8. sweet violet 20. rose 40. tulip 38.Salvia sclarea. 23. clary 24.21. dame's honesty rocket 14. tuberose 36. Viola odorata. western mugwort 7. white 27. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. lavender 12.Lunaria annua. daffodil 35.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. needle florentina. white stock absinthe 10.Ipomoea alba.Malus 'Guiding Star'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. 28.Artemisia stellerana.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. rose 41. white 22. albula.Polianthes tuberosa.

related to an old mill reconstruction. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. required their use as an educational adjunct. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too. < previous page page_76 next page > . Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Many of these herbs lack the hues. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Rather. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. textures. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer.

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broad 42.38. onion China jute 4. 37.51.Anthemis tinctoria.46. 29.Galium verum.Cladrastis lutea.Convallaria majalis. lily. 28. 39.Allium cepa. sweet 49. African 45. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Rubia tinctorum.Reseda luteola.Sanguinaria canadensis. golden 40. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Agrimonia eupatoria. 48.Hydrastis canadensis. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. Agave sisalana.Anchusa officinalis. 20. alkanet 52.Indigofera tinctoria. 35.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Solidago species. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . kenaf dock dockmackie 5. Sansevieria trifasciata.Carthamus tinctorius. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. stinging nettle44.Genista tinctoria. goldthread 41.Coreopsis tinctoria. Scotch broom hemp 7.Viburnum acerifolium. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Monarda didyma. 32. madder 54. black-eyed 50. dyer's broom safflower 6.Cytisus scoparius.Pteridium aquilinum. Boehmeria nivea.Tagetes patula. dyer's 31. St.Phytolacca americana. ramie 24. queen. 53. garden 56. 23. 22.Chelidonium majus. flax 21. sumac poke 17.Dipsacus sativus.Tagetes erecta.Ligustrum vulgare. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. fuller's 30.Filipendula ulmaria. 34.Isatis tinctoria. Abutilon theophrasti. French 33. woad Susan laevifolium.Urtica dioica.Genista germanica. 43.Prunus persica.Crocus sativus..Cotinus coggygria. Gossypium hirsutum. peach bracken sorrel 19. 26. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Rumex obtusifolius. Musa textilis.Berberis vulgaris. weld 57.Rudbeckia hirta.Hypericum perforatum. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Agave fourcroydes.Furcraea hexapetala.Coptis trifolia.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Manila 25. 47. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Morus rubra or alba. bee 36.Rumex acetosa. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. blueberry 13. 1. Linum usitatissimum. privet marigold 15.Rhus typhina. Hibiscus cannabinus.Mahonia aquifolium. sisal 27. yellow 55.Parmelia conspersa.Galium odoratum.Polygonum hydropiperoides.

< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Elsewhere. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. as well as the roses. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. < previous page page_78 next page > . Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. A totally appealing edging. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs.

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white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. 'Belle Amour' 6. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Mme. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. rambler 19. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. rambler 20. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 23. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'White Rose of York' 3. 22. cl. 'American Pillar'. 24. 25. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Sombreuil'. cl. Legras de St. 18. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Queen of the Prairies'.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 1. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Mignonette' 5. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Seven Sisters'. cl.

this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. The notch of four square feet. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. Circles and angles provide interest. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. < previous page page_80 next page > . It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

schoenoprasum. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.B. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. C. 32. red 37. melongena 2.annuum 'Floral Gem'.S. C.B.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. C. C.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. graveolens 'French Dinant'. giant garlic var. ruby swiss chard var. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.L. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.sativa 'Ruby'. annuum 'Mosaic'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. red 38. annuum 'Golden Bell'. C. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.B.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. white-flowered kale 49. annuum 'Pinocchio'.A. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. sprouts celery 8. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. oleracea 'Red Acre'.Solanum melongena var. annuum 'Red Boy'.B.C. dulce 47. 40. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.C. annuum 'Nosegay'. Capsicum annuum var. melongena 1.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. chive 42.B.A. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.Cichorium intybus. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. celery I 31.C. oleracea 'Prima'. graveolens var.C. C. 25. Boerner. garlic chive 44. 48.B. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. red-flowered kale 6. dulce 50. annuum 'Variegata'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. curly eggplant parsley 23. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .C. oleracea 'Green Parade'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. C. celery Group. lycopersicum var. cepa Proliferum Group. kohlrabi Rock'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. shallot Lakes'.Apium graveolens var. graveolens var.B. celery Bed 9.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.C. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. pear Purple Vienna'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. 45.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. crispum 'Banquet'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.S. scorodoprasum.A. dulce 'Utah 5270'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. 24. 27.B.A. Petroselinum crispum var.B. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. 39.A.A. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.B. annuum 'Black Prince'. 26. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. annuum 'Teno'.esculentum 'Long Black'. 28. 30. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 29. cherry tomato 34.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. annuum 'Fips'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.A. Beauty'. graveolens var.A. eggplant 43. leek 5.L. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.A.B. 22. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. tuberosum.

When viewed from the terrace above. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. for each is a complete entity. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. arcs. winter savory. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and golden thyme. All of the circles.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

29. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.P. P. radens 'Dr.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. peppermint 26.P. oak-leaved geranium 16.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. acerifolium. crispum 'French Lace. 1.P. rose-scented geranium 4. germander crowfoot geranium 21. Marshall. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. crispum.' lemon geranium 23.P. 15.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.Myrica pensylvanica. tomentosum. green 14. The number in each planting area is the key number. winter 13. Landscape Architect. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.P. grossularioides.A.P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P. P. A. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. Assoc.P.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P.Ilex glabra. scabrum. orange geranium 8.P. graveolens. odoratissimum. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. apple gray santolina geranium 3.S.. inkberry geranium 9. rose geranium 27.P. Santolina virens. × domesticum 6. lemon geranium 22. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.× nervosum. 17. lime geranium Rose'. pungent-scented geranium 25.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Satureja montana. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.L. golden 11.Melissa R. Teucrium chamaedrys.P.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. apricot geranium28. P. 12. maple-leaved 18. 19. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. gooseberry geranium 24. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . Livingston'.

such as a dwarf edging box. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. Its interspaces can be mulched. 1.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. closed knot design.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina virens. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. was planted using edging box only. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. sand." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. texture. or marble chips. and growth to the plants of the knot design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. . on page 37. especially when it is blooming. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. Maintenance is high for a knot. filled with plants that have contrasting color. blue hyssop 3. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. To ease the care for a more complicated design. For the knot to look its best at all times. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. English lavender 2.Hyssopus officinalis. which is framed with a brick edging.

dwarf edging box 4. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . 1. gray santolina 3.Thymus praecox subsp.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. green santolina 2.Santolina virens.

T. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. variegated garden sage . a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. the height of the edging. Teucrium chamaedrys. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. which are confined to that area. 'Munstead'. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. creeping thymes.officinalis 'Tricolor'. 1. caraway thyme 9. purple variegated 11. fig 4.Thymus praecox subsp. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.T. The knot material is maintained at six inches.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. herba-barona.S. which is found more often out in the open. Some maintenance is required for clipping. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. In another departure from the usual. lavender Japanese barberry 5. rosemary creeping thyme 2.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Rosmarinus officinalis. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. white 7. 8. arcticus 'Albus'.

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American germander 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. gray santolina 2. lavender .Teucrium canadense.

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setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.Teucrium chamaedrys. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.

2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

< previous page page_88 next page > . The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. a complement for the colors of the plant material. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. which are also laid on edge. each one a quarter-circle. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. pleasing color. again laid on edge. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. adding another facet to an appealing design. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Allium senescens var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. tree germander 22. glaucum 11. dwarf gray santolina 20. silver thyme 6.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. golden marguerite 25.Artemisia arborescens.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Lavandula dentata var.Dianthus × caryophyllus. curry plant 7.The number in each planting area is the key number. 18.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Thymus 'Argenteus'. tree artemisia 26.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 9. silver horehound 19. Russian sage 24.Santolina neapolitana 10.Anthemis tinctoria. woolly yarrow 23.Stachys byzantina.Leontopodium alpinum.Marrubium incanum. blue sage 13. 17.Anthemis marschalliana.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. samphire14. fern-leaf yarrow 27. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. lavender 5. lavender 8. dwarf 12.Helichrysum angustifolium. 16.Crithmum maritimum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia frigida. rue 21. grenadin pink chamomile 4. gray santolina 2.Salvia clevelandii. candicans. French lavender 3.Salvia argentea. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver sage 15.Teucrium fruticans. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. 1.

If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Some are rosemary. and the savories. If one is familiar with herbs. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. oregano. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. < previous page page_90 next page > . basil. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. which include hanging baskets. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. sweet marjoram. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Styles of containers. The color of the container plays a lesser role. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. As with other plant material. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. are without number. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. lady's-mantle. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. thyme.

< previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden.

< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

LandscapeArchitect. Of course supervision is necessary.L. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.A. < previous page page_95 next page > . However.S. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. such an outlay would be unwarranted.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. A. If children's interest is not sustained.

These are ''old roses. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. too. Instead of benches on the patio. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Just keep a garden design for children simple." selected for their greater fragrance. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. A sundial can be fun and also educational.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Children in this age group can help with the construction. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. < previous page page_96 next page > . It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. they are easily handpicked.

A.A. .S.L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.

19.Tropaeolum minus. 16.Chenopodium botrys.Artemisia camphorata.Allium senescens var. Dianthus plumarius.Calendula officinalis. ambrosia 2. neapolitanum. clary 25. borage 15.rocambole 28. southernwood 5. dill pennyroyal 11. Italian parsley 23. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. garlic chive 29. catnip 27. Petroselinum crispum var.Petroselinum crispum var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 20.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum. lily leek 30. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garden sage 24.Origanum majorana.Allium moly. Levisticum officinale. ophioscorodon. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . damask rose 32. alpine strawberry 3.Nepeta cataria. lovage 12. American 21.Hedeoma pulegioides.Anethum graveolens. glaucum 31. love-in-a-mist 14. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 1.Allium tuberosum. horehound 26. dwarf 6.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Isatis tinctoria. dyer's bush basil woad 9. English lavender 7.Satureja hortensis.Lavandula angustifolia.Salvia sclarea. 13.Rosa damascena. pot marigold 8. Borago officinalis. cottage pink 18. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. summer savory 22.Salvia officinalis. crispum.Rosa gallica. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.The number in each planting area is the key number. Nigella damascena.Allium sativum var. English lavender 4.

The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. previously used as a skating rink. are a seal and a turtle.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The oval. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. All are inviting to the touch. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. < previous page page_98 next page > . An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The sculptures. not noted on the plan. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning.

. Landscape Architect.A. F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.A.R.

chamomile Mentha. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. borage Tanacetum vulgare. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. English Tussilago farfara. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. bee orchid Erigeron. duckweed Antennaria. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. winter savory Mentha. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. fleabane Stellaria. coltsfoot Mimulus. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. mint Galium odoratum. Greek Stachys byzantina. tansy Monarda didyma. cowslip Linaria. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Nepeta cataria. mint Tagetes. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. Trifolium pratense. fat-hen Primula veris. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive dandelion Allium sativum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. marigold Salvia officinalis. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. lousewort Viola canina. bee balm Satureja montana. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. catnip Chamaemelum nobile.Hedeoma pulegioides. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. dog violet Lemna. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. Allium schoenoprasum.

A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. an exceedingly long one. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. Their height eases the task of weeding. are superb for displaying potted herbs. and old barn beams another about the same height. developed particularly for study. Here. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. A number of wooden window frames. its wooden structure long gone. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Still. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Its plant list. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. < previous page page_101 next page > . Instead. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. feverfew. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. for an old barn foundation of stone. it is a most satisfying growing situation. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. a mint. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. An herb garden exposure is important in any location.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

bee balm lovage 20.Hypericum perforatum. pink 58. basil blue hyssop 15.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.T.Viola tricolor.Ruta graveolens.Sium sisarum. Roman 46. golden lemon thyme 99. officinalis 'Purpurea'. didyma 'Rosea'. apple wormwood geranium 8.T.Geranium robertianum.Stachys grandifora 93.Artemisia dracunculus var. Grecian 59. betony 92.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Agastache cana. skirret 90.T. caraway thyme 103. lesser 67.Stachys officinalis. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 54. officinalis 'Tricolor'.-John'swort 91. alpine savory 89.T.Salvia officinalis. herba-barona.Viola odorata. abrotanum. sweet 53.S. marsh mallow 13. woolly thyme 101. fern-leaf tansy 95.A. garden sage 84. 1. celandine madder 79. foxglove cypress spurge 21. crimson creeping thyme 96. onites.Thymus praecox subsp.T.Lychnis coronaria.Ocimum basilicum. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. southernwood houseleek 12.T. creeping veronica . yarrow herb Robert 4.Monarda didyma. × citriodorus. 61. graveolens.O.Campanula rapunculus. purple basil English lavender 18.Digitalis purpurea. angelica lemon geranium 5.Poterium sanguisorba. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Echium vulgare. praecox subsp. lemon 52. crispum. 44.Calamintha grandiflora.A. camphorata.Galium odoratum.A. tomentosum.Genista tinctoria.Agastache foeniculum. praecox subsp.Myrrhis odorata.Rosmarinus officinalis. 60. white creeping thyme 97. sweet cicely 94. pot marigold 25. pontica.Sempervivum tectorum.O. plantain 80. variegated garden sage 87. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Valeriana officinalis. sweet 41.A.O. 'Purpurascens'. absinthe 51. rosemary 82. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Campanula persicifolia.P.Ranunculus ficaria. golden variegated garden sage 86. calamint valerian 24. 64. 43. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Veronica serpyllifolia.T. sweet celandine marjoram 28. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. French tarragon geranium 7. pot marjoram bugloss 27. 55. nitidus.Digitalis lanata.S. 'Clear Gold'.Asarum canadense.S.O.Rubia tinctorum. balm horehound 14.Aloysia triphylla.Euphorbia cyparissias.O.T. St. golden marjoram 26. absinthium. rue 83. bee balm57. viper's 65. mosquito plant 19. arcticus 'Albus'. thyme 102. beach 47. officinalis 'Aurea'. catmint 63. foxglove 2. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Pelargonium crispum. 45.Lavandula angustifolia.Nepeta mussinii. rose costmary campion 23. purple variegated garden sage 85.Calendula officinalis.Angelica archangelica. 48. rampion 81. wormwood germander 9. basilicum 'Minimum'. winter savory 88.Plantago major.Pulmonaria officinalis. richardii subsp. odorous thyme 104.49.A. wild lemon basil ginger 16. golden thyme 98. stellerana.Physalis heterophylla. southernwood ground cherry 10.P. lemon thyme 100.Alchemilla vulgaris.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. pallasianus.Satureja montana.P. 66.Althaea officinalis.Melissa officinalis. 62.Levisticum officinale. basilicum 56. sweet violet 40.Acinos alpinus. rose sativa. 50. camphor.Chelidonium majus. silver thyme 105. 42.Hyssopus officinalis. majorana.M. lemon verbena 106.Achillea millefolium. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. odoratissimum.Tanacetum vulgare var.T 'Argenteus'.A.Marrubium vulgare.

M. blattaria. ostrowskianum 34. orange mint 32.Oenothera biennis. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Helichrysum angustifolium.Dianthus plumarius 75.Veronica officinalis. dyer's woad 110. apple mint 69. spicata. curry plant mullein 35.Laurus nobilis. 76. cowslip 72.Yucca filamentosa. spearmint 107.Symphytum officinale.Sorbaria sorbifolia. tree onion 112.Chrysanthemum 74.M.Lilium candidum.Anthriscus cerefolium. evening 77. chicory 70.Myrtus communis. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.A.cepa. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Origanum vulgare.Prunus pensylvanica. chamomile 30. 73. orach115. Madonna lily leucanthemum. veronica 108.Atriplex hortensis.29. 114.M.Isatis tinctoria. × gentilis.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha suaveolens. moth 113. garlic 111. chervil 68.A. 71. citrata. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Chamaemelum nobile.Origanum dictamnus.M.Chrysanthemum 78. red mint comfrey 33. wild 116.Allium sativum.Cichorium intybus. Proliferum Group.Primula veris. pin cherry 39.V. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . pineapple mint 31. yucca 109. feverfew cinerariifolium. × piperita var. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Lysimachia vulgaris.

The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. but not obvious. A wheelshaped bed. of good proportion for the size of the opening. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. < previous page page_104 next page > . Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. A statue of St. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Francis. not just hiding it. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. its outline constructed of brick.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

California lilac Origanum vulgare var. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Eriobotrya japonica. loquat Cichorium intybus. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA VI japonica. Cestrum nocturnum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. Vetiveria zizanioides. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Eleocharis dulcis. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. cat Watsonia rosea. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. white Justicia carnea. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. labdanum Cistus crispus. menthifolia. only those not found on other lists are noted here. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. poet's Solidago californica. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. potato Brassica eruca. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. lion's-ear prismaticum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . sea orach Verbascum olympicum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. Sidney Ephedra viridis.

which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. and a third a culinary garden. an "old rose" and fragrant. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The exterior brick path. to name a few. is a center of interest. scented-leaf geraniums. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. or potpourri. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. < previous page page_106 next page > . emphasizes the circle. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. another a Mary garden. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. not only for hardiness where needed. but also for proper leaf size. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. One is a garden of legends.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

27. Linum usitatissimum. yellow 25. pot 26. lady's. hyssop rose 9. rue 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosmarinus officinalis. angelica 2. Viola tricolor. Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. garden up sage 10. spearmint 22. flax 17. absinthe 4.Calendula officinalis. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. white dead 24. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Brassica nigra. Hyssopus officinalis. chive bedstraw 16. sweet 21. saffron crocus marigold 7. English thyme 13. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Ruta graveolens. Angelica archangelica.Lamium album.Alchemilla vulgaris.20.Origanum majorana. chamomile 3. pyrethrum 5.Salvia officinalis. English ivy rosemary 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dill 11.Galium verum.Hedera helix. 1. black 23. Artemisia absinthium.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata.Ornithogalum umbellatum. blue 18. Chamaemelum nobile. costmary 6. Johnny-jump.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. sweet marjoram basil 12.Narcissus mustard 14.The number in each planting area is the key number.19.Crocus sativus. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .

and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. < previous page page_108 next page > . and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required.

lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. fastigiata. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. perennial flax Galium odoratum. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Myrrhis odorata. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. lemon balm Mentha spicata. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Russian 'Prostratus'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Cotinus coggygria. beach Monarda didyma. sweet Myrtus communis. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. Artemisia absinthium. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. rue Malva alcea var. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. blue Lamium maculatum. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. clove Marrubium vulgare. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. bay Echeveria × imbricata. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > .< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus.

At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. features a closed knot of superior design. < previous page page_110 next page > . the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. too. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. Appropriately used as accents. Viewed from the terrace garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. simply on a smaller scale. This is a general rule observed. millstones. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. The generous use of edgings. and huge.

S. gray santolina 7. green santolina 6. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. lavender 5. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. 'Tiny Rubies'. dwarf box . Landscape Architect. germander 2.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Santolina chamaecyparissus. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden 1. The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. cheddar pink 4. blue hyssop 3.L. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. of greater size than is commonly found. Routine clipping is required. that of good proportion. A.Santolina virens.A. and the mulch. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. six feet in diameter. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.

witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. honey locust Cornus florida. box Calycanthus fioridus. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. shadbush Salix caprea. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. box Myrica pensylvanica. beach plum Corylus avellana. plum Prunus maritima. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. quince Magnolia virginiana. goat willow Sassafras albidum. black haw Prunus americana. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. dogwood Pinus nigra. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. japonica. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus.

As a rule. arcticus T. herba-barona. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. doerfleri T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. praecox subsp. Currently. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Argenteus'. caraway thyme T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. its plant material varied. Rosmarinus. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. leucotrichus T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. However. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Lavandula. 'Annie Hall' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Salvia. praecox subsp. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. and a miscellany of others. silver thyme T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Doone Valley' . Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T.

arcticus 'Coccineus'. anise sage S. golden variegated sage S. heterophylla. sweet lavender L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. pine-scented rosemary R. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. greggii. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. guaranitica. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. leucantha. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. autumn sage S. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. golden rosemary R. ramie . dentata. golden thyme T. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme T. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme T. involucrata. English lavender L. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. praecox subsp. blue sage S. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. 'Clear Gold'. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustissimus. angustifolia.T. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L.

Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. The apple trees. rupturewort. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. balmony. family needsmedicinal. which were located between the water supply. Circumstances determined these priorities. The house. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Herniaria glabra. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. a well beside the house. Primarily. Prunella vulgaris. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. L. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Sium sisarum. obedient plant. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. for scrubbing pots. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. constructed of brick made on the property. Smith. Hesperis matronalis. Equisetum arvense. used in salads or boiled. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. to lure bees. Physostegia virginiana. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. culinary. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. to sweeten the air. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . horsetail. Cheloneglabra.

Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. too. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. while functional. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. Today. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. < previous page page_116 next page > . too. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. for a few are in use now.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Sambucus canadensis. southern laciniata. garlic 9. yellow 12.Pinus taeda. pomegranate 3. 16. bay 7.Rosa banksiae. 15.Ficus carica. fig 6.Laurus nobilis. 1. Cape jasmine 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Syringa × persica var. Gardenia jasminoides.Allium sativum.Lonicera sempervirens.Prunus angustifolia. wisteria 13.Punica granatum. rosemary 2. Banksia rose 14. trumpet 11. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Lagerstroemia indica.Malus angustifolia.Lonicera flava.Wisteria frutescens.

They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. too. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Appropriately. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. < previous page page_118 next page > . one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The effect would be quite different without them. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Italy. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

American holly 16. horsemint lobelia 23.Cimicifuga racemosa.Eupatorium perfoliatum. sweet 64.Chamaemelum nobile.Cornus florida. spearmint 62.Cassia marilandica.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia.Dipsacus sativus. peony 51.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lindera benzoin.Vinca minor.Rosa laevigata. 38.Galium odoratum.Buxus sempervirens. wild ginger69. butterfly 32.Melissa officinalis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. borage 31. great 47. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. yarrow lungwort 22.Laurus nobilis. myrtle 53. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. 68. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Pinckneya pubens. 66.Salvia officinalis.Achillea millefolium.Calendula officinalis. 50.Punica granatum.Sassafras albidum. gray santolina witch hazel 11. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. blue 44.Verbascum thapsus. 1.Paeonia officinalis. 70. sweet flag marigold 24. 60.Ilex opaca.Hamamelis virginiana. clove 36. 54.Dianthus caryophyllus. 43.Symphytum officinale. saffron crocus 25.Monarda punctata. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . pot 48. fuller's teasel 67. rue 56. lovage 35.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Levisticum officinale.Foeniculum vulgare.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Acorus calamus.Mentha spicata.Calycanthus fioridus.Ocimum basilicum.Anethum graveolens.Asclepias tuberosa. St.Crocus sativus. catnip 34.Hyssopus officinalis.Monarda didyma.57.Digitalis purpurea.Gaultheria procumbens. 55. agrimony 58. mullein 49.Lonicera sempervirens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha pulegium. fennel 40.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia abrotanum. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Elizabeth Lawrence.Hypericum perforatum. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Allium schoenoprasum.Borago officinalis. sweet shrub 10. 45. box chamomile 9. blue 46. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 63. 61. foxglove 41. balm autumn crocus 2.Lobelia siphilitica. dogwood horehound 18. lemon 26.Asarum virginicum. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. sweet 27.Tanacetum vulgare. hyssop sassafras 20.Xanthoriza simplicissima. 42.Nepeta cataria. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Ruta graveolens. bee balm 28.Ilex vomitoria.Armoracia rusticana. peppermint 52. 30.Rubus allegheniensis. tansy 65. senna woodruff 15. black 29.Lilium candidum.Populus balsamifera. garden sage 59. yellow-root 7. dill 39.Colchicum autumnale. basil chive 3.Agrimonia eupatoria. 37.Chimaphila umbellata. 33. sativa.Mentha × piperita.

of herbs for one loaf of bread. This is true for the remedies. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. and fragrances they developed. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. < previous page page_120 next page > . In any event. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. preventives. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. 1 T.

Calendula officinalis. sweet marjoram 6.Papaver somniferum. spearmint 17.Marrubium vulgare. horsemint 20. quince 24.Digitalis purpurea.Rosmarinus officinalis. foxglove 12.Pyrus communis. winter savory 4. opium poppy 5. black haw 23.Mentha spicata. horehound 15.Carum carvi.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 1. absinthe 9. English thyme rosemary 7. blue hyssop 21. lavender lovage 3. English 10. apothecary's rose 22. garden sage 8.Artemisia absinthium.Cydonia oblonga.Viburnum prunifolium.Hyssopus officinalis.Nepeta cataria.Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. catnip 16.Tanacetum vulgare.Monarda punctata.Satureja montana. tansy 11.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita. pot marigold 2.Salvia officinalis. caraway 19. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . 14. peppermint 18. sweet basil 13.Levisticum officinale.

< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. The beds are used to achieve balance. Thus it was for this garden. and bricks raise the beds. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. Allowed such freedom of expression. < previous page page_122 next page > . a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. The main paths of brick unify the garden. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. and if the best has not always survived. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. makes it something of a focal point. centrally located. for example the large square bed with circular path. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. Shaded by hop vines. to study it. Some could be used singly. one dated 1759. from early Moravian settlements. often it is reconstructed. the other 1761. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square.

L.S. Campbell.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A. Landscape Architect. . A.

Colchicum autumnale.Silybum marianum.Asparagus officinalis. 66. 54. 52. chestnut rose 43. grape larkspur 41.Matthiola incana. black cumin 46. mugwort67.Atriplex hortensis. blessed thistle 8. daisy crape myrtle 23.Rubia tinctorum.Narcissus poeticus.Lilium candidum.Papaver rhoeas. garden sage 15. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. feverfew southern magnolia 27. fennel marjoram 28. orach 76.Coriandrum sativum.Ruta graveolens.Inula helenium.Bellis perennis. stock 50.Rosa centifolia.Saponaria officinalis. Carolina jessamine 38. 1. corn poppy 79. cabbage angustifolia.Aquilegia vulgaris.Allium schoenoprasum. rhubarb 10. French rose 18. absinthe 45.Salvia viridis.Cnicus benedictus.Tropaeolum majus. cockscomb 47.Ficus. 62. dwarf nasturtium 13.Rosa gallica.Alcea rosea.Nepeta cataria. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Stachys officinalis.Achillea millefolium.Amaranthus caudatus.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. sorrel 65.Rheum rhabarbarum. English 78. parsley 32. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. columbine 29. 48.Magnolia grandiflora.Symphytum officinale.Crocus sativus.Ocimum basilicum.Foeniculum vulgare. asparagus 31. 68.Artemisia abrotanum.Anethum graveolens. sweet 55.Rosmarinus officinalis.Narcissus tazetta. madder 16.Levisticum officinale.Lagerstroemia indica.Carum carvi. garden nasturtium 12.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Tanacetum vulgare.Clematis virginiana.Althaea officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. redbud 24.Chamaemelum nobile.Cornusflorida.Vitis. rosemary49.Mentha × piperita.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. caraway 72.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Mentha spicata. red pepper 20. poet's narcissus 61. lavender rose 21. balm chive 37. basil moss rose 44. hop southernwood 39. catnip 70.Salvia officinalis. borage 5.Hydrangea quercifolia. holy thistle 58. tansy 6. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. spearmint 57.Rosa damascena. horehound 56.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 74.Borago officinalis.Allium sativum. eglantine Group.Consolida ambigua. lovage 9.77. elecampane 11.Humulus lupulus.Dianthus caryophyllus. autumn crocus 34.Cercis canadensis.Nigella sativa. dill 73. betony 82.Petroselinum crispum. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Pulmonaria officinalis. hyssop maypop 42. comfrey 33. clary 30. polyanthus narcissus 60. marsh mallow 7. damask coriander rose 19.Hyssopus officinalis. garlic lungwort 36. 80. sweet 71.Marrubium vulgare.Passiflora incarnata.Artemisia vulgaris.Gelsemium sempervirens.Artemisia absinthium.Celosia cristata. chamomile 17. annual clary 3. clove 53.Origanum majorana.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Armoracia rusticana. hollyhock 51. lemon 64. love. English thyme 2. blue 63.Salvia sclarea.Rosa moschata.Tropaeolum minus. Madonna lily 59. 81. rue 14. virgin's bower 40.Rosa eglanteria.Rumex acetosa. yarrow 4.Rosa roxburghii.Melissa officinalis. blue 69.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Thus. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. First. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. A ravine and existing. and the north point is established. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. even boggy. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. it is proper to make a trial run. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Although some observations may seem obvious. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. far from the house. the western. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. The next most desirable exposure. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. This space was never adequate. Usually this is least desirable. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The lesser the scale. Calluna (heather).

Indeed. as the drawing on p. There is the housegarage structure on one side. Then. The new herb garden has been located. 127 indicates. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. Culinary herbs will fill a large.ground where drainage is better. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. all four sides are so determined. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The. another is close to the rear of the house. < previous page page_126 next page > . a driveway on still another. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. and the property line on the last. 77 provided the needed inspiration. certainly not precisely the same. and the search did not take long. It was a pleasurable assignment. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. but it need not be identical. The general outline is similar. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The outline is fixed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. single bed. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room.

In addition. With the plan established. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. something is amiss. this low wall will enclose the garden area. If all is well. There was no . Two drawings were required to work out problems. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. If. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. then north. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. forming the outer boundary of the service path. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. as in this case. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. In fact.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

. However. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. however. At corners. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. Before edgings could be put in place. eight. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. this was. not one completed in a weekend. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In this case. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. the site required some leveling. and the finished edging would be effective.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. A structural edging was in order. the eight-foot length was more practical. In the earlier stage of planning. However. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. admittedly. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. a lapped joint was fashioned. In this area.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

filling the beds with soil was next. selected for its simplicity. for they will likely have more traffic. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. leaves. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. sand. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Weeds. but there are exits to different levels. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The pattern is running bond. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. One is the ramp to the driveway. A choice of five colors was available. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. Heavy black plastic. Paving for the terraced area is brick. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Unfortunately. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Aged compost. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. had been proof of that. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. this same base underlies all the paths.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. could serve this purpose. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. This method of treatment now guarantees .

However. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. worth the added cost. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. on a trial run of one course of brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. even bed for the pavers. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.

The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. learned about decades earlier. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. With the completion of the paths. Herbs have flourished in the beds. Sometimes called "rubble drains. French drains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. for it would interfere with the drainage system. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope." their construction can be somewhat varied. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. since that path borders the house. . the terraced area. In this instance. converging where it was logical to do so. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. and the steps to other levels.

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Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. a garden plan. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. and so on. for example. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. often a wall or trellis. E EllipseAn oval. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. not necessarily referable to botanical species. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. for example. is symmetrical. hundredths of an inch. albula. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. having a variety of gradations. and so on. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. in inches. in tenths of an inch. casts the shadow for the hour. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. sixteenths of an inch. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. Its arrow points north and. twelfths of an inch. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator.

I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. a patterned garden. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. turf. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. also called rubble drain. Pea gravelSmall. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . H Heart-pinePinus palustris. rounded fragments of rock. ForthrightA straight course or path. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. heated especially by fermenting manure. loose. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. its compartments filled with flowers. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat.brick) in the same course. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. or colored earths. roofed structure usually open on the sides.3. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species.3). G GazeboA freestanding. Usually a few inches thick. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. GrindstoneMillstone. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. a flat. M ManufactoryA factory.

Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters.

TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. V VarietyA category below species. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. called also a hose cock. snug fit for walks. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Turf seatBanked-up earth. cutting. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. or steps. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. ranking between species and variety. not treelike or with a single trunk. R Rose. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. TreillageLatticework for vines. Stone. < previous page page_132 next page > . SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. W Wall. walls. often planted with aromatic herbs.

1963. Gertrude B. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Helen H. British Plants. 1935. London. 1972. and Louden. New York: Crown Publishers. Foster. Sylvia. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 1980. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. How Plants Get Their Names. T. Berrall. Greenwood. New York: Dover. 1957. Erichsen-Brown. . H. Brookes. Kent: The Herb Farm. London: Marshall Cavendish. Sevenoaks.. Charlotte. Park's Success with Herbs. Beston. S. New York: Simon and Schuster. Hortus Third. Putnam's Sons. 1933. L. New York: G. 1971. Dutton & Co. London: Adam and Charles Black. Frances A. Terrace. . New York: Macmillan. Batsford. 1976. Agnes. 1966. Garden City: Doubleday.. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 1962. 1902. London: Macmillan. New York: Viking Press. Garden Design. Green Enchantment. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. The Herb Garden. Coats. Rosemary F. Independence. Mo. 1911. 1982. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Carpenter. Daniel J.C. The Garden (An Illustrated History).: Buckeye Printing Co. 1942. Sydney: B. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Seal. Behme. New York: Macmillan. Room Outside. and Accessories. London: Country Life. H. Helen Morgenthau.. L. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1970. The Small Garden. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Foster. and Garden. 1961. 1977. ed. Park Seed Co. Margaret E. Robert Lee. Jot. John Philip. 1971. P. Bardswell. Bailey. 1980. Toronto. Flannery. New York: Viking Press. 1973. Prof. Roses. 1951. Clarkson. Herbsfor Every Garden. Harriet Ballard. 14701670. Complements. Edlin. Crowe. Aurora. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Earle. Herbs and the Earth. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Darrah. Brownlow. Cross. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Julia S.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Alice Morse. Baumgardt. New York: Macmillan. Book of the Geranium. 1944. Liberty Hyde. Peter. Hanging Plants for Home. Fox. Bailey Hortorium.: Geo. New York: Hawthorne Books. New York. Henry. New York: Macmillan. Foley. New York: E. Staff of. 1938. Gertrude B. The Cultivated Basils. Rosetta E. London: Saturn Press. 1966. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. W. John. 1979. Doran & Co. 1951.. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Herbals. P.. 1972. 1958. . John E.

1981. Helen K. Loyal R. 1959. Toronto: Little. New York: De La Mare. P.. Horace. Claire. Franco. Wynnewood. Ireys. The Berry Book. Brown & Co. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Loewenfeld. How to Select. 1975. The Book of Spices. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Early American Gardens. Norma Jean. and Synge. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Division Billboard Publications. Rosengarten. London: Faber and Faber. Grieve. New York: William Morrow & Co. Miller. and Alma L. . M.. and Chiltoskey. New York: Macmillan. Alma. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.. 1976. Dutton & Co. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Flowers of the Field. 1971. Loewenfeld. New York: Clarkson N. Adelma G. Myron.. Frances. Lathrop. Roy. Grow and Enjoy. Rev.. M. New York: Dover. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: Crown Publishers. Boston. 1974. Vicenza. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Neri. Lawrence. 1973.. 1969.. Italy. Jr. 1983. Lesch. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1969. New York: Macmillan.. Lerner. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. New York: Macmillan. New York: Doubleday. Herbs. The Herb Garden. Hamel. Johns. 1952. 1982. Lawrence. 1972. Roses of the World in Color. A Biblical Garden. Hay. Claire. and Brunello. Harold N. Gardens in Winter. < previous page page_133 next page > . Frederic. New York: William Morrow and Co. Leighton. A.) Rohde. N. Ann. and Rice.. Eigel. Patrick M. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. George H. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices.: Chronica Botanica Co. Howard. Bernard Hickey.. 1966. Kiaer. Moldenke. Pa. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Waltham.: Herald Publishing Co. Philippa. 1970. New York: Viking Press. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Shaker Herbs. New York: Dover. 2d ed. Potter.Garland.: Livingston Pub. Boston. Dorothy Bovee. London: George Routledge & Sons. Plants of the Bible. The Art of Dyeing. chemist. Co. Krauss. McFarland. and Back. C. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Cherokee Plants.C. 1970. Pozza. Amy Bess. Muenscher. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1971. ed. Paul B. New York: Harper & Bros. Alice Recknagel. 1946. J. 1978. Eleanour Sinclair. Mass. P. Tucson: H. Mrs. (1st American edition trans. Mary U. Walter. Simmons. Jones. 1951. 1975. New York: E. Elizabeth. Carol. New York: Van Nostrand.. 1911. Johnson. A Garden of Herbs. 1974. Modern Herbal. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Books. 1938. 1979. 1961. 1976. Robert.. 1981. Sarah. 1964. Hendrickson. Sylva. Landscaping with Vines.

Mrs. H.. Pees.. Jack Emil Geist. Alfred L. Herbert G. Peter M. Henry Gund.. Campbell. Associate. Mrs.A.R.D. 1957.: Garden Way. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Climbing Roses Old and New.A. Stuart. Bynam. 1976. New York: Hafner. George. Martin. A. 1953.A. White. Madalene Hill. L. Baker. Maxton Davies. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. . Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. Price.A. William C. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Amy Bess Miller. Mrs. New York: Dover.. Mrs. Stearn. Graham. Leonie. Lamm. Neil Hamill Park. Mrs. Mrs. Moffit. ed. Nelva M. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1979. Martin's Press. 1975. L. Mrs. Robert G. 1953. Melissa R. Diane C. John Ormsbee. Charles L.. Katherine S. William Radler. Singleton. James C. 1979. Mrs. Austin R. Winthrop G. 1966. Leonard Dreyfuss. Esther.A. 1967. .A. Virginia B. A. 1972. New York: St.. William Y Dear.A. Linda. Keebler. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Robert K. Frank M. New York: Doubleday. Vt. 1972. Toronto: Van Nostrand. John Poinier.. Donald Paxton.. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Berkeley Brandt. Plants of the Bible.S.S. Norman. New York. Wilson.S. Z. Vera Breed. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Gannaway. A. Mrs. The History of Gardens.. Paxton. Indianapolis. Sandy Hicks. Plimpton.. Container Gardening Outdoors.L. Jr. Cozart. Michael.. Giroux. Raymond V. Susan W. Mrs. New York: Farrar. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Stearn. L. Benjamin McF. Wilder. Mrs. Thomas. William T. Margaret Osborn Holt. Jo Lohmolder. L. Elizabeth Lawrence. F. L. 1931.A. Bradner. Helen Van Pelt. Taloumis.. Vivian. John. and Robert B. London: Phoenix House. William W. L. Rhoda Specht. L. and Mrs. Boerner. Webster. 1976. .L. L. Bush. James D.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Yang.. Hale & Co. Mrs. Meyer. 1962. Building Stone Walls. 1974. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. George T.. Jr. Hammond Crawford. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Mrs. Morss. Thacker. 1961. Smith. L. Mrs. Fragrance in the Garden. Louise Beebe. C. Revised by Dr.. A. Mrs.. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Griffin.A.A. Mrs. ed. Shrub Roses of Today. Taylor. 1982. Toronto: Van Nostrand. 1979. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Weber. Helen Noyes.. Martin's. L. 1965..L. W.A. The Fragrant Year. Barbara Capen. New York: St. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Sherry D. 1942. Marshall. Mrs. William T. Mr.. New ed. Elisabeth W. Marion E. Bleecker. . Lucile Teeter Kissack. Straus. Tarantino..A.A.A. Graham Stuart. Boston: Ralph T. L.. Malcolm.A. Botanical Latin.A. Mrs. A. Philip Batchelder. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. The Fragrant Garden. T.. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.The Old Shrub Roses. Mrs. McGarry. London: Phoenix House. Martha Dahlen. The Shakespeare Garden. Bates. Landscape Architecture. L. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1972.A. W T. Charlotte.. Charles Patch. Christopher. New York: Simon & Schuster. Ingersoll. L.A. Jr. Hines. and Bell. Mrs. Rev. Zohary. Mrs. L. New York: William Morrow & Co. Herbs in the Garden. New York.

Kingwood Center.. Bailey.C. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Skinner. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.C. Wayne County Extension and Education Center.. Winston-Salem. Linda Yang. Smith (Ann Leighton). Timothy Procter Ruh.. Inc. Shaker Community. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Eloise andJo Ray. Lansing. Wilcox.. Whitman. Swanson. Milton C. Booker Worthen. L. Plain Dealer Photo. Christopher Spencer. L.A. The following provided historical. Old Slater Mill Museum. Mrs.I.. Mrs. Weeks Brick House. Greenland. Ga. James S. Helen M. Architect. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Ann Arbor. Ohio. civic.. L. John A.. Gayle.. Roberts. Joan E. L. Joe H. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Christopher Rady. Rose. Linda Yang. Atlanta Historical Society. Inc. Ark. Matthew Miksch House.A. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Little Rock. Hancock. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Mrs. Lawrence Schetky. Frederick E. Hancock Shaker Village. and Mrs. Mansfield. Jean Ruh. Kathleen Byroads Sowers.. R. N. Pawtucket. Ohio.. Mich. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. University of Michigan... Harper. Old Salem. Atlanta. Mich. Elbert Smith. Mr. Western Reserve Herb Society.. N. Isadore L. Cleveland. G. Hales Corners.. < previous page page_134 next page > . James F. Wisc. Edmund G. Mrs. Mrs. L. Nathan Sameth. Michigan State University. Mrs.Rady. Derthick. Semple. Talbot III.A. N. Milton Stricker. Mrs.H.A. Walter Rebmann. Mrs.. Eric Duke Scott. The Country Doctor Museum. Faith H. Mass.

hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. officinalis. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . maritima L. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Narcissus triandrus. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. azoricum. A. Myrrhis odorata. barbadensis A. C. E. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. A. A. Y smalliana Agrimonia. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea.

esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. lycopersicum. S. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. G. Solanum aculeatissimum S. P. albula A. M. false Galium aristatum. P. V. melongena var. podagraria Asparagus A. acerifolium. laevis Rhododendron . ludoviciana var. V. Lamium album Viburnum. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. F.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. Monarda didyma Crataegus. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. officinalis Populus. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. grandiflorus Melissa M. officinalis.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. oleracea. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. angustifolia. alpina 'Alba' A. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. M. vulgaris A. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. chrysantha Symphytum S. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. coronaria . Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Mertensia virginica. P. B.

angustifolia. B.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. coronaria. Italian D Daffodil M. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. maculatum G. M. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. M. C. alpinum R. N. V. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. V. ioensis Vaccinium. macrocarpon. sativum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. alpinum R. verna. pseudonarcissus miniature N. B.

R. lilioasphodelus H. H. Sansevieria. obtusifolius R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. D. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. obtusifolius Rumex R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. acetosa.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. A. C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. lilioasphodelus. T officinale Bellis. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. R. triphyllum . Ferocactus latispinus. frutescens C. Hosta H. A. rivieri. crispus. x superbum Hemerocallis.

N. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. C. N. Helichrysum. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Lychnis coronaria. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. gymnocarpa. Centaurea cineraria. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . C.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Gnaphalium. azoricum Nigella. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. damascena. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. arvensis. Antennaria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. ragusina. S. Senecio cineraria. N. pungens Sambucus S.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

versicolor. perenne . pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. P. I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. usitatissimum L. carica Corylus C. Osmunda. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. L. O. I. A.× germanica I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. regalis Adiantum. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. carica F.

lanata D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. Fumaria C. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. sativum var. × limoneum P. grossularioides P radens P. lutea Allium sativum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. Pelargonium. purpurea D. × germanica Myosotis M. sylvatica Digitalis D. tuberosum A. neapolitanum A. × hortorum P. scorodoprasum A. sphaerocephalum A. quercifolium P. P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. I. odoratissimum P.

capitatum P. × nervosum P. T. Tragopogon. T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. tomentosum P. tomentosum P. × citrosum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. P. glutinosum. graveolens P. officinale Z. denticulatum P. crispum P. canadense T. chamaedrys T. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. A. abrotanifolium P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. quercifolium P. A. Z. pratensis . virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. scabrum P graveolens P. × jatrophifolium P. canadense.

dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Vitis monticola. M. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Oxalis deppei. torquata E. nervosa V. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. V.

golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. triacanthos G. C. majalis Liriope. Pulmonaria . L. Sempervivum Lobelia L. W. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lythrum. G. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Ophiopogon L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria.

Malva. lucida . grandiflora M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. Malva. alcea var. patula Calendula officinalis T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. erecta T. M. C. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. pedatum Hibiscus. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum M Mace. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. M. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. A. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. erecta T. erecta T. tenuifolia T.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

O. Spiraea alba. suaveolens M. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Astrantia. piperita var. × piperita var.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. suaveolens 'Variegata' . odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata M. S. vulgare 'Aureum' O. × piperita var. onites O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. citrata M. major. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. crispii M. A. majorana O. vulgare O. aquatica var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. vulgare O. citrata. R. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. requienii M. majorana O. dictamnus O. citrata M.

Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. communis. lactiflora Morus M. Myrrhis odorata. M. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. A. × gentilis M. Azolla caroliniana. V. Myrtus. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Umbellularia californica. V. thapsus V. alba Verbascum. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera .red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. olympicum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. rubra M. vulgaris A.

opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . V. album L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. L. P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V. tazetta Tropaeolum T. poeticus N. nudum. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. minus T. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. majus T.

trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Scilla verna. Castilleja californica. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Proliferum Group A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. fragrans O. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. fistulosum A. telephium Iris × germanica var. cepa. florentina. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. fistulosum Atriplex. C. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. O. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. I. fragrans Allium. cepa A. hortensis A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. cepa.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. S. vulgare var. A.

< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. neopolitanum Pastinaca. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum var. A. A. patens. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. crispum P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulsatilla Passiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. lactiflora P lactiflora P.

roseus C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. A. C. Piper C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. annuum. C. frutescens C. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. Marsilea Perilla. paniculata P. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. Longum Group C. annuum. P frutescens Catharanthus. Grossum Group C. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. Chenopodium. Conoides Group red Capsicum. retroflexus. annuum. album Ranunculus ficaria . Longum Group cone green C. C.

taeda Chimaphila. plumarius D. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Prunus japonica. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. officinalis Dianthus D. taeda P. caryophyllus D. M. alpinus D. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. umbellata var. Silene laciniata. Plantago P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. gratianopolitanus D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. P salicina P angustifolia. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. plumarius. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. × paradisiaca. americana . C. angustifolia var. watsonii P maritima P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. P. C. umbellata var.

vulgare Lithospermum. rhoeas P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. Liriodendron tulipifera P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. E. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. P. biennis P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. S. 0. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. balsamifera P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .

coccineum C. pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. Hesperis . oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pepo C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. sativum var. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. Diplotaxis. canadensis C. R. C. A. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. rhabarbarum R. P.

dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. × borboniana Kerria. canina R. spinosissima R. × harisonii R. Rubus coronarius R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. banksiae R. moschata . damascena 'Bifera' R. laevigata R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. chinensis 'Minima' R. damascena R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa Rosa R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R. R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. canina. Rosa chinensis R. × borboniana R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. centifolia R.

scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. setigera R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. guaranitica S. S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. pitcheri S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. microphylla S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. rugosa R. azurea subsp. sclarea S. × rehderana R. clevelandii S. angustissimus R. Rosmarinus. officinalis S. caerula. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis Limonium R. greggii S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. Salvia hierosolymitana .

hebecarpa. C. halimus Crithmum maritimum. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. A. virens. S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. marilandica Amelanchier . scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. P. elegans S. S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. viridis S. S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. guaranitica S. Salicornia. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. leucophylla S. chamaecyparissus S. montana Scabiosa S. T. chamaecyparissus S. leucantha S. neapolitana S. maritimum E.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .

spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. coggygria Cotinus.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. G. nivalis Lamium album. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. V. C. P. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. biflorum . Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. americana. coggygria C. C. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. P. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. coggygria.

R. O. scutatus R. pyrenaicum. japonica Sorbaria. S. V. O. H. Ornithogalum arabicum. crassipes O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. acetosa. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. L. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. E.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. patulum. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. officinalis thyme-leaved V. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.

vesca F. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. T vulgare T. O. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. vulgare var. chiloensis F. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. perennis. floridus Philadelphus . dracunculus var. crispum T. vesca F. incana M. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. M. vulgare var. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. C. O. incana M.

culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. 'Clear Gold' T. arcticus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. phaenopyrum C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . laevigata Eupatorium. praecox T. benedictus. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. pallasianus T. T. A. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. marianum S. sylvestris D. E. maritima Thymus. marianum S. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. praecox subsp. 'Argenteus' T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. × citriodorus T. C. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Silybum marianum S.

I. pruinosa. P. sanctum Tulipa T. alata Lycopersicon. lycopersicum L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. praecox subsp. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. P. radicans Bignonia capreolata. peruviana P. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Physalis peruviana L. lycopersicum var. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. sanctum O. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Coreopsis Linaria. lycopersicum var. C. noli-tangere. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. cerasiforme. L. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi.

cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. P. officinalis Polemonium. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. canina. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. caeruleum Clematis. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. caprea . Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. V riviniana Viola odorata V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. odorata V. Chimaphila. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. C. odorata V. cornuta V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. C. V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. cornuta 'Alba' V.

Corydalis sempervirens A. camphorata A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. verticillata Chimaphila. annua A. S. nudum Isatis I. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. pontica. ambrosioides Artemisia. frigida A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. I. V. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. gmelinii A. W. Stachys . caprea. absinthium A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Gaultheria procumbens. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Vanilla barbellata A.

Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. vomitoria I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. taygetea A. lutea. ageratum A. X. I. millefolium A. × media 'Hicksii' T. C. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > .Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. simplicissima Cladrastis.

tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A.. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. Indian mallow China jute. alpinus Aconitum A. blue giant hyssop. thousand-seal. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . ageratum A. fourcroydes sweet flag. napellus Acorus A. maidenhair American maidenhair. five-finger f. foeniculum Agave A. longifolia Achillea A. monkshood flowering maple. fennel g. calamus Adiantum A. h. cana A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. taygetea A.. Indian mallow. yarrow sneezeweed. h. butter-print. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. fragrant g. nose-bleed. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. breviflora A. millefolium A. monkshood helmut flower. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. parlor m. pedatum Agastache A. theophrasti Acacia A. lion's tail anise hyssop. calamus maidenhair fern.. sanguinary. maidenhair fern.

lily leek daffodil garlic. karataviense A. tree o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A... Rosenbachianum A. garlic rocambole. githago Ajuga A. schnittlauch giant garlic . flavum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle.. schoenoprasum A. serpent garlic chive. sisal hemp. rosea Alchemilla A. Spanish o. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. moly A. Pulchellum A. hemp plant agrimony. cive. senescens var. fistulosum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o.. giganteum A. ostrowskianum A. sativum A. neapolitanum A. cocklebur. christophii A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. flowering o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. reptans Alcea A.A. two-bladed o. alpina A. scorodoprasum A. sativum var. ciboule. ophioscorodon A. sisalana Agrimonia A. purple c. vulgaris Allium A. Japanese bunching o.

shadbush. caudatus Amelanchier A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. canadensis Amsonia A. bugloss alkanet. pulsatilla Anethum A. blanda A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. shad. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. japonica A. marschalliana A. sphaerocephalum A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. archangel. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinalis Anemone A. medicinal a.. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. bugloss windflower. juneberry. round-headed garlic Chinese chive.. officinarum Anchusa A.glaucum A. white m. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A.. cerefolium chervil angelica. officinalis Amaranthus A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. tuberosum Aloe A. hupehensis var. triphylla Althaea A. Oriental garlic . Curasao a. Barbados a. garlic c. barbadensis Aloysia A.

manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A. chrysantha A.Apium A. graveolens var. alpina 'Alba' A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.

rusticana Artemisia A. asarabacca wild ginger. gmelinii A. mugwort. hog cranberry. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. pontica A. sea pink thrift. sativa A. stewardsonii Armeria A. canadense A. mealberry. virginicum bearberry. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. mountain box. kinnikinick. Ludoviciana var. creashak green-dragon. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. arborescens A. maritima Armoracia A. albula A. old man southernwood absinthe. triphyllum A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . lactiflora A. triphyllum subsp. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. europaeum A. dracontium A. wormwood southernwood. sandberry. camphorata A. red cole sagebrush. annua A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. dracunculus var. frigida A. bear's grape. pink or white horseradish.

tuberroot. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. talewort. major Atriplex A. mustard . daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. tinctoria Barbarea B. vulgaris Bellis B. Chinese silk plant. ruby s. garden o. saltbush orach. officinalis Astrantia A. cool-tankard cole. s.Asclepias A. wild blue i. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. rocket. australis B. s. c. ruby s. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. jaundice berry. wild indigo blue false indigo. upland cress winter cress. plains f. hortensis B Baptista B. nivea Borago B. yellow r.. orach sea orach. c. butterfly flower butterfly weed. China grass borage borage. rattleweed winter cress. piprage beet swiss chard. pleurisy root. i.. c. perennis Berberis B. wild indigo. silkweed. papyrifera Boehmeria B. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. B. c. tuberosa Asparagus A. vulgaris. halimus A. mountain spinach false indigo.

sempervirens B.. white-flowered k. grandiflora Calendula C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. officinalis Calycanthus C. eruca B. koreana B. pineapple s. carpatica C. microphylla var. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. strawberry s. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . floridus Campanula C.B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. microphylla 'Nana' B.

trumpet flower. p. o. s.. persicifolia C.C. p. p. chili p... pimento sweet pepper s. s. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. C. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. trumpet vine. green p. s. p. sweet pepper. < previous page page_147 next page > . bell p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. red p. o. o.. cow-itch. p. rapunculus Campsis C. p. p. green p. o. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. o. o. p. o. p.

chili p.. illinoinensis C. frutescens Carthamus C. senna. canariensis Cedrus C. garden c. deodara Celosia C. false saffron. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. Madagascar periwinkle.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. ovata Cassia C.. red p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. Russian c. cristata Cercis C.. Tabasco-sauce p. carvi Carya C. snakehead . roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. bastard s. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. Tabasco p. nobile Chelidonium C. tinctorius Carum C. capsicum p. marilandica Catharanthus C. shellbark h. celandine celandine turtlehead. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. majus Chelone cayenne p... Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.

vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine.. old-man's-beard costmary. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Meyer 1. pyrethum. Dalmatia p. balsamita C. wormseed. leather flower. ambrosioides C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. pigweed Mexican tea. lutea Clematis C. Chinese dwarf 1. rattletop black cohosh. red-leaved chicory bugbane. barbe-de-capuchin. bonus-henricus C. virgin's bower. crispus C. wintergreen. devil's-darning- . American w. leucanthemum C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. Spanish t. dwarf 1... glabra Chenopodium C. × superbum Cichorium C. ladanifer Citrus C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. parthenium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. feather geranium. virgilia virgin's bower. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. racemosa Cistus C. Robert Brydon' C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. alecost pyrethrum. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. frutescens C. umbellata Chionanthus C. intybus Cimicifuga C.C. leather flower. cinerariifolium C. wax flower. × jouiniana 'Mrs. botrys Chimaphila C.. coccineum C. mint geranium. fat hen ambrosia. lanuginosa 'Alba' C.

Chinese parsley dogwood. tinctoria Coriandrum C. sativum Cornus C. smokebush. benedictus Coix C. ambigua C. cneorum Coptis C. smoke plant. peregrina Consolida C. trifolia Coreopsis C.needle Cnicus C.. arkansana C. avellana Cotinus C. apiculatus Crataegus C. autumnale Comptonia C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. quick-set. laevigata C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . thorn. red haw hawthorn English h. smokebush smoke tree. thorn apple. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. florida Corylus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. Venetian sumac. majalis Convolvulus C. orientalis Convallaria C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. coggygria Cotoneaster C.

× allwoodii D. West Indian 1. speciosus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. sempervirens Cydonia C. citratus Cytisus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.C. angustifolius C. maritimum Crocus C. sieberi C. scoparius C. gracilis Dianthus D.. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. kotschyanus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. sativus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > .. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.

carnation. sativus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. burning bush. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . gas plant.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. sylvestris Doronicum D. lanata D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. grandiflora D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D.

maritimum Eschscholzia E. epimedium barrenwort. dulcis Endymion E. rugosum v. gum tree. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort.. J. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. ironbark. californica Eucalyptus E. plum eryngo sea holly. jacinth. b. vulgare Elaeagnus E. perfoliatum E. arvense E. Japanese medlar. sea eryngo California poppy C. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. sea holm. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.E. viridis Epimedium E. pungens Eleocharis E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. torquata Euonymus E. poppy eucalypt. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. S. blueweed. Australian gum. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . hyemale Eranthis E. japonica Eryngium E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell.

fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. major Fragaria F. vulgare subsp.s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgaris Foeniculum F. finocchio. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. chiloensis F. cyparissias F Ferula F. a. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare var.s. sow-teat s.s. a. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . alpine s. assafoetida Ficus F. a. ulmaria F. vulgare F.Euphorbia E. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. vulgare F.

Carolina yellow j. runaway robin. our-lady's-b.. mountain tea. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. verum Gardenia G. woodwaxen. wild c. mock p.F. hederacea Gleditsia G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. field balm. hexapetala G Galanthus G... sempervirens evening trumpet flower. triacanthos Gossypium G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. Carolina jessamine Genista G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. maculatum G. alumroot herb Robert... Capejasmine wintergreen. cleavers white bedstraw. Carolina jasmine G. spotted c. woodroof yellow bedstraw. honey locust. teaberry. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. dyer's greenweed. nivalis Galium G. germanica G. ground ivy. checkerberry. sweet w. virginiana Hedeoma H. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. tinctoria Geranium G. vernalis H. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. odoratum G. robertianum Glechoma G. mollugo G. red Robin . pulegioides American pennyroyal. jasminoides Gaultheria G. false baby's-breath woodruff. gardenia.

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orientalis Hemerocallis H.. lilioasphodelus H. flavescens Helenium H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. bastard jute. rose m. mallow. atrorubens H. daylily . garland 1. immortelle white-leaf everlasting.. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. rose-of-China. Indian hemp. arborescens Helleborus H. licorice plant heliotrope.. curry plant false licorice. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. foetidus H.. giant m.. niger H. hibiscus kenaf. bimlipatum j. Chinese hibiscus. matronalis Hibiscus H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. glabra Hesperis H. lemon d. corsicus H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. Deckaner h. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. lividus subsp. China rose. cannabinus H. Deccan h. angustifolium H. Hawaiian h. sweet r. × luteola Herniaria H. turnsole heliotrope. blacking plant plantain lily.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. bimli j. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting.

plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. box-leaved h.H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. box-leaved h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. asiatica Hypericum H. patulum 'Sungold' H. rose h.-John's-wort St. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. crenata var. perforatum Hyssopus H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. navelwort gotu kola St. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. orangeroot. horned h. . European h. Burford's holly Japanese holly.. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. quercifolia Hydrastis H. white h. lupulus Hydrangea H.-John's-wort St. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.

jewelweed. crested dwarf i. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. pseudacorus Isatis I. officinale Juniperus J. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. horizontalis creeping j. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . wilsonii Impatiens I. maculata J Jasminum J. vomitoria 'Nana' I. chinensis var. yellow flag. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris... tinctoria Inula I. 'Great Lakes' I. capensis Indigofera I. alba Iris I. African corn lily corn lily orris. × germanica var. opaca I. woad dyer's woad. water f. snapweed. crested i. cristata I. spotted t. glabra I.. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. tinctoria Ixia I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily.I. J. helenium Ipomoea I. florentina I. touch-me-not jewelweed. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.

king'scrown L Lactuca L. paradise p.. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. dumb nettle. plume flower. carnea Brazilian-plume. angustifolia L.. album L. d. maculatum L. indica Lamium L..Justicia water willow J. nobilis Lavandula L. white d. n. bay. plume plant. angustifolia subsp. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. flamingo p. dentata var. dentata L. n. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. sweet bay laurel. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel..

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. muscari Lobelia L. candidum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s.. hedge plant privet. officinale Ligustrum L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. sativum Leucojum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. blue cardinal flower . pepperwort. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. summer s. lovage privet. benzoin Linum L. aestivum Levisticum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. marsh rosemary. perenne L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. usitatissimum Liriope L.

bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . sempervirens Lunaria L. catchfly mullein pink. lycopersicum var. maritima L. penny f. honesty. moonwort. silver-dollar. flava L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. lycopersicum var.. gypsywort. stellata M. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. virginiana sweet alyssum. europaeus Lysimachia L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. satin flower honesty. coral h. money plant. coronaria 'Alba' L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. cordata Magnolia M.L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. annua Lychnis L. vulgaris Lythrum L. grandiflora M. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. campion. coronaria L.

American crab. × gentilis M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M.. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.. apple m. × piperita var.. alcea var.. cowslip. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. angustifolia M. bergamot m. aquatica M. curly m. Brampton stock. fastigiata Marrubium M.Mahonia M. 'Eau de Cologne' M. Scotch m. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. stock stock. vulgare Matthiola M. white h. imperial stock balm lemon b. menthella. lungwort bluebells. b. mountain g. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple.. pineapple m.. pulegium M. horsemint . mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. × piperita M. sweet b. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. hupehensis Malva M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. blue barberry apple. incanum M. Virginia b. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. officinalis Mentha M. bee b. longifolia M. lemon m. bluebells. requienii M. incana Melissa M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. holly barberry. Oregon g. pennyroyal Corsican m. holly mahonia. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. holly g.. Virginia c. gillyflower. 'Guiding Star' M. citrata M. musk m...

white bee balm pink b. fistulosa M. sweet cicely. candleberry. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. myrrh. winter purslane. American m. Oswego tea. textilis Myosotis M.. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. swamp c. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . red m. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. anise. banana abaca. punctata Montia M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. pink b. citriodora M. odorata Myrtus M. Swedish m. Greek myrtle. white b. sylvatica Myrica M. menthifolia M.M. b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. b. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. b. fistulosa var. pensylvanica Myrrhis M.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . aspen. Jerusalem cowslip white p.. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. five-finger shrubby c. Jerusalem sage. pensylvanica P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. veris Prunella P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. angustifolia P. trifoliata Populus P. elatior P. Americana P. widdy shrubby c.Poncirus P. balsam p. sieboldii 'Alba' P.. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. persica Pteridium P. golden hardhack. nepalensis P. hardy orange poplar. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. cowslip self-heal self-heal. domestica P. heal-all.. brake. hackmatack. granatum Pyrus P. sand p. maritima P. brake bracken. hog-pasture b. tacamahac cinquefoil. pasture b. lungwort blue 1. vulgaris Prunus P. all-heal salad burnet.

. dog r. autumn damask r. moss r. China r. pie plant. crowfoot lesser celandine. .Quercus Q. eglantine. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. gooseberry alpine c. eglanteria R.. dyer's rocket rhubarb. small c. York-and-Lancaster r. garden c... × borboniana R. brier Banksia r. red currant. garden r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. banksiae R. moss r. pygmy r. rose. cabbage r. mountain c. gallica damask r. Bourbon r. stellata R Ranunculus R. fairy r. sativum Rosa R. luteola Rhamnus R. purshiana Rheum R. ficaria Reseda R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. chinensis 'Minima' R. 'Cinderella' R. canina R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. typhina Ribes R. brier r.. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. alpinum R.. dog b. sweetbrier French r. pilewort mignonette weld.

wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R.. angustissimus R. madder bramble blackberry. Harison's yellow r. golden p. French sorrel rue . chinquapin r. sorrel. polyantha r. spinosissima R.. acetosa R. 'Schneezwerg' R. prairie r. tinctorum Rubus R. rosemary pine-scented r.'Officinalis' R. rugosa R. Cherokee r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Scotch r. setigera R. dock s. burnet r. prostrate rosemary.. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. roxburghii R. Turkestan r. moschata R. wichuraiana R. climbing r. × rehderana R. Japanese r. obtusifolius R. rosemary white r. snowdwarf memorial r. musk r. climbing r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. bitter d.. r. chestnut r. garden sorrel broad dock. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. laevigata R. × harisonii R. hirta Rumex R.

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Mexican bush s. American e. leucantha S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. involucrata S. sclarea S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. caerula S. variegated garden s. pussy willow sage. elegans S. leucophylla S. argentea S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. bloodroot red puccoon. greggii S. purple variegated garden s. viridis Sambucus S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. clary annual clary elder. golden g. s. gray sage. microphylla S. garden s. guaranitica S. elderberry American e. canadensis willow. bloodroot rue . officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. clevelandii S. osier goat willow. purple g. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. caprea Salvia S. s.

. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. neapolitana S.Sanguisorba S. sisarum Solanum S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. lucky plant. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. hemp plant snake plant. trifasciata Santolina S. mad apple . jasminoides S. marianum Sium S.. sweet s. melongena var. milk t. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. atropurpurea Sedum S. morganianum S.. skirret potato vine eggplant. canadensis Sansevieria S. albidum Satureja S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. hen-and-chickens. virens Saponaria S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. mourning-bride stonecrop. pinnata S. roof h. officinalis Sassafras S. tectorum Silybum S. St. telephium Sempervivum S. devil's tongue. live-forever houseleek. hortensis S. Mary's t. good-luck plant. blessed t. pincushion flower pincushions. live-forever houseleek.

Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. laciniata Persian lilac S.. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. × persica var. sorbifolia Sorbus S. californica Sorbaria S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. grandiflora S. laevis Symphytum S. woundwort lamb's-ears. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. big m. hedge nettle. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S.. lilac .'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. officinale S. patula melongene. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. vulgaris 'Addie V. erecta marigold African m. byzantina S. reticulata var. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. americana Stachys S. lutea Stokesia S. Aztec m. officinale Syringa S.

tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. procumbent g. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. lucida T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T.. yew conical y.. filifolia T. canadense T. vulgare T. carnosus T. wood sage germander dwarf. dense y. sweet mace French m. officinale Taxus T.. germander American g. marum Thuja T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. upright y. tansy tansy. crispum Taraxacum T. signet m. 'Broad-leaf English' T. dwarf m. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low.T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. 'Argenteus' T. . vulgare var. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. columnar y. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. culinary golden lemon t. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. occidentalis Thymus T. fruticans T. lemon t.

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pratensis Trichostema T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. not culinary French t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t.. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T.. nummularius T. caraway t. glabrescens T. nitidus T. odorus t. zygis Torenia T. confederatej. doerfleri T. herba-barona T. woolly thyme creeping t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. praecox T. leucotrichus T. serpyllum T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. pallasianus T. . crimson c. t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. richardii subsp. creeping t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. red c. praecox subsp. wishbone flower. t. lemon t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. lanatum Trifolium T.

tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. dioica V Vaccinium V. bitter Indian garden n. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. velvet p. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. officinalis V. mullein mullein. Indian cress dwarf n. tall n.. red s. angustifolium var.. olympicum V.Tropaeolum T. officinalis Verbascum V. water-lily t. thapsus Veronica V. 'Blizzard' T. farfara U Urginea U. nettle stinging n. blattaria V. 'Sweet Harmony' T. speedwell. flannel plant. minus Tsuga T. huckleberry. blueberry. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. clusiana T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. cranberry. majus T. maritima Urtica U. 'General de Wet' T. pale yellow Darwin t. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tarda T. species t. kaufmanniana T. tawny orange t. . squill. early. laevifolium Valeriana V. canadensis Tulipa T.

heartsease pansy. nannyberry. ladies-delight. tricolor V. acerifolium V. cassinoides V.Vetiveria V. carlesii V. heartsease. sweet h. violet dog violet horned v. viola white viola blue viola teaberry.. lutea 'Splendens' V. canina V. withe-rod vetiver. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. arrowwood. zizanioides Viburnum V. myrtle. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. lesser p. sheepberry.. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. prunifolium Vinca V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. running m. minor Viola V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. khus-khus.. maple-leaved viburnum. possum haw . odorata V. × wittrockiana Vitis V.

ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .