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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
and record every detailall of the failures. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. whether all their labor was to no avail. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. bereft of hope. seven years ago. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. punching. Then. especially poetry.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. for they had no model and no guide. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. This they did. wheedling. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Their energy and charm caught me up. build it. responded with delight. Again they revised. with sparkling enthusiasm. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. The turning point came when. pushing. carefully chosen. and the experience provided the final section of the book. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. successes. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. It needs no sequel. and I have had the pleasure of advising. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and the publisher. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. alterations. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. This was not to be. more of them exist to serve as examples. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. With false starts and honest stops. Ginny had done some writing. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors.
To achieve this. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. 1969 and 1980. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. or by contributors. by their owners. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. specialty. Some of these were created by landscape architects. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. while others were prepared by landscape designers. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. degree of maintenance required. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. The herb garden designs alone. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. historical interest. rather. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. We. and these are capitalizedfor example. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. and educational purpose. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. . governed the style of our lists of botanical names. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. A range of essential factors is considered herein. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Not all plants used are herbs. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Italics are always used for botanical names." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. the authors. Likewise. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. English thyme. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. although countless common names exist. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. without accompanying commentary. we completed a test garden. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. former generic names. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds.
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Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. We are grateful to many. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Nell Neff. Weatherhead. Derthick. FAITH H. president. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. have also been of assistance. Special thanks are due James C. Susan Frugé. Recognition is due Robert B. The late Raymond C. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. has given us valuable information. Isaacson. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support.D. and August Frugé. has been especially helpful over the years.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Betty Rea. and Joanna Reed. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Keebler and the late Everest P. past presidents. and Elizabeth Bryce. which made possible the completion of our text. and the horticulturist. Lee Buss. Rady. and Rexford Talbert. as expediter and typist. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. former managing editors. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Alexander Apanius. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Alice Skelsey. Wanda Ritchie. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Genevieve Jyurovat. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Jo Lohmolder. Trudi Bela. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. A lecturer on herbs. Eleanor Gambee. former director of same. too.. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Swanson and Robert B. Herbert J. Finally. His assistant. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. M. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. She has served. Richard T. librarian. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. As one constantly reinforces the other. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. new ways of seeing. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. a front dooryard.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round." A good design does not "happen. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. In order to create a fine garden design. the north point will have been indicated. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. and decisions must not be left to chance. Its interest is independent of flowers. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. to increase the value of the property. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Perennial herbs. If no . or an abandoned. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. some of which are evergreen. "Not difficult to plan. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. and structures. and hedges will have been located. lay out a plan of the property. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. new plants. temples of worship. fences. As Henry Beston reflects. partially excavated area. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. not at all difficult to maintain.
Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. fences. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. < previous page page_2 next page > .
A deed description. and the driveway. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. In the absence of a survey map. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. In this example. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measure to locate the house. The object is to . measurements are in engineer's scale. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. such as the one illustrated here. other significant structures. too. to locate the house. Here. but with all needed information.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Next. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Other areas may require a smaller scale. too.
lines at an angle. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. paths. The tools needed for drawing are few. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. and parallel lines. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. shrubs. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. driveway. enclosures.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. The smaller the scale. < previous page page_3 next page > . the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and unusual land features noted. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. triangleof inexpensive plastic. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot.
One basic rule is the higher the wall. iron. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. garage. or summer kitchen is ideal. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. In the absence of a structure. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. In the designs that follow. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. and hedges of hemlock. brick. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. and holly. old smokehouse. yew. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. A toolhouse." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. In some cases. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. bayberry. However. gazebo. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Upkeep. With the plan on paper. and stone. greenhouse.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. they can be made to order. Generally. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Allow adequate room within the row. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. elegant box. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. box. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. as in outdoor room dividers. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. as an example. gray surfaces are found. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. for reinforcing the design. so give them much thought. some deciduous and some evergreen. it will seem too sparsely planted. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. painted. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. deeply evergreen. such as bayberry. bricks. landscape timbers. When this reinforcement is understated. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. whether it will be rocks. If desired. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. cut stones. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. if wood is the material of choice. the garden design is most attractive. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Gates are part of the enclosure. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. or. or natural. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. too. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. for example. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Stone. . the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Brick is the all-time favorite material. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Rosemary. holly. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Styles are legion. and their styles are countless. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. railroad ties. Stained. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. annual painting is a necessity. In some climates. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. At first. When used with a hedge. or pressure-treated lumber. Whatever the reason.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Lower cost is an advantage. however. yew. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Equally important is proportion. If used. For example. and rosemary. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Where air circulation is much needed. but the results will confirm this course.
Conversely. awkward and unsafe. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. there is a necessary. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.Steps When constructing steps. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . the steps created will be forever an annoyance.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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Step materials need not be the same as. The colors are various: terracotta. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Access paths. appearance. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. their use no less than comfortable. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. or red. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Choose the path material equally for comfort. making the design more evident. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. because they are just that. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. rosy pink. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. It is a general rule that the less the riser. A width of four feet allows room for turning. but should be compatible with. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. the greater the tread. If groups are walking through. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. however. There are. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. cost. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. . Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. for example. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Paths must be ample. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. too. and maintenance.
in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .
They are easily renewed as they break down. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . With these recommendations in mind. shrubs. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. This. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. serviceberry. or trees to be considered. shad Malus coronaria. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. When they mature. too. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. a result being hazardous footing. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. and many good references are available.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. bark or pine needles can be used. they should not shade the herbs too much. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. a soft-lead pencil in hand. prepare a planting plan for each. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. If the garden is made up of separate beds. is an enjoyable experience.) To avoid having a slippery surface. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it.
It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. 'Mount Hood daff. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. for example.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. however. Artifacts As with other gardens. a focal point is customarily used. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Do use a soft-lead pencil. whether they are invasive or tall growing. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. noting well their growth habits. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. such as the one illustrated here. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. it is easily read and easily erased. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. one-half inch equals one foot. or whatever is best in your case. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. It needs. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. too. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. lemon thyme. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Often this center of interest is a sundial. for example. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Sept. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind.
< previous page page_9 next page > . It is then in scale with its frame. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. a niche of its own should be created. Again. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. If a statue less than life-size is used. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. the height of a fence to the house.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. that of good proportion. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. the designs have a decorative north point. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. Except for two. For easy reference. However. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a stylized drawing of an ovary.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
Melissa officinalis. 1. summer 23. salad burnet 12.Galium odoratum. or other structure. 7. bee balm 13.Satureja montana. 5. 26. 3. A. The first number in each planting area is the key number. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Poterium sanguisorba. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Lobularia maritima. Foeniculum vulgare. sweet 25. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Origanum majorana.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.A. fennel 2. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. arcticus 27. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. which is used here in relation to a garage. 4. lemon balm . Landscape Architect.Pelargonium graveolens. 22. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Viola tricolor. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. sativa. dill cerasiforme. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. 21. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. a fence. lovage 17. 14. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Thymus praecox subsp. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Lavandula savory angustifolia. lemon 15. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.S. The rules of symmetry are observed.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja hortensis. 16. Lavenders accent the front corners. rose 24.L. 6.Allium 11. With color and texture considered for contrast.
chive 18.8. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . 19.Origanum heracleoticum. leek 9.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Petroselinum crispum var. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis. costmary 'Albus'. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. curly parsley 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20.Porrum Group. Greek 28. Chrysanthemum balsamita.
lemon verbena 21. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Satureja hortensis.Pelargonium graveolens. white 20.Foeniculum vulgare.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. fennel English lavender geranium 4. as was done here. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Monarda didyma. French tarragon 2. 11. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Artemisia dracunculus var. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. .Rosmarinus officinalis. 12. curly parsley sativa. 1. 13.Aloysia triphylla. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. rose 19.Lavandula angustifolia. summer 10. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Allium schoenoprasum. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. Petroselinum crispum var. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. bush basil 3. 17. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. 18.Poterium sanguisorba. 9.
English thyme dill 8.Thymus × citriodorus. 16. English'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .salad burnet 6. eglantine 23.Origanum majorana.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Rosa eglanteria. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Galium odoratum. 14.
rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.Poterium sanguisorba. Origanum heracleoticum. garden sage 8.Taxus cuspidata. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. still observing a scale.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. and the plan could be used at a front door. Japanese yew 17.Artemisia dracunculus var. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Then the design might need to be expanded.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Thymus × citriodorus. making the beds larger and the paths wider. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata. lovage 15. parsley 5. lemon thyme 10. 9.L.Levisticum officinale. however. Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis. 13.Satureja hortensis.A. . English thyme Greek oregano 4. however.Allium schoenoprasum. salad burnet 14.Petroselinum crispum. spearmint 16. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Even in limited space. dill 2. sweet marjoram 3. The garden is conveniently located.Chionanthus virginicus. A. 1.S. The image would soon give way to other considerations. sativa. 7. summer savory 11.
Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.
Pulmonaria officinalis. 25. wild ginger 27. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Landscape Architect.Stachys byzantina. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. Viola odorata. Monarda didyma. 18. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.Digitalis grandiflora.Convallaria majalis. 9. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 1. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Polemonium reptans. bee balm 14. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. A.Origanum majorana. the challenge is obvious. This is an intimate garden. 13.Osmunda cinnamomea. 33.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. 30. Christmas fern 5.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. Dictamnus albus. Jacob's-ladder 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. salad 20.Asarum canadense. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Artemisia dracunculus var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. yellow 29.L. fraxinella 15. The long.A. fennel 19. 8. 32. lavender marjoram 2.Polystichum acrostichoides. summer 21. 31. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. hop sativa.Thymus × citriodorus.S. blue lungwort 26.Humulus lupulus. lemon thyme 28. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. sweet violet 16.Allium ampeloprasum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . leek Foeniculum vulgare. garden sage 17. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. cinnamon fern 4. The number in each planting area is the key number. 7.Primula vulgaris. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 6. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.
Canada hemlock Standard'.Galium odoratum. sweet 34. 35.Tsuga canadensis. yellow bedstraw 23. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . French thyme woodruff koreana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Korean box 11. winter savory 24.Galium verum. crispum. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Petroselinum crispum var.Satureja montana.lilac 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.savory germander Willmott'. French'.Sorbus americana.Buxus microphylla var.
To be placed near the kitchen.Aloysia triphylla.Rumex scutatus. this design can be an inspiration. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Surprisingly. it became part of the patio. dill 10. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Origanum heracleoticum. geometric design.Petroselinum crispum var.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. neapolitanum. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Italian parsley . It is a pleasing. garden sage 20. 1. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. 19.Salvia officinalis. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. devoted to a "yearly surprise. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. One of the beds. lemon verbena 2. Even so.
purple basil 4.Borago officinalis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. sweet 13. chervil marjoram 21. 16.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. French tarragon 5. Alpine strawberry 7.Origanum majorana. lemon basil 9.Artemisia dracunculus var.Myrrhis odorata.Anthriscus cerefolium. summer savory 23.Ocimum basilicum 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .17. borage 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum. curly parsley 22.Allium schoenoprasum.3.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm cicely 6.Poterium sanguisorba.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. winter savory 24.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana. crispum. garlic chive 26.Allium tuberosum.Satureja hortensis. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. salad 15. sweet 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. basil sativa. chive 25. sweet 18. English thyme bush basil 8.Petroselinum crispum var.
English lavender 10. sweet cicely 23. blue 22. it is an unusual. green santolina 12.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet 13.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Lavandula angustifolia. so.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. the work paths could be eliminated. geometric design. gray .< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. To increase the planting area. Created in an orderly way. purple basil 4.Santolina virens. rosemary 3. too. The center beds here were established in this way.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. 14. 19. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Myrrhis odorata. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears 20.C.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Thymus × citriodorus.Stachys byzantina. 1. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. it is full of interesting angles. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. scented-leaf geranium 2.Satureja montana.Rosmarinus officinalis. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Pelargonium in variety. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. D.Galium odoratum. winter 21. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. As a whole.
6.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Myrtus communis.Teucrium chamaedrys. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Artemisia abrotanum. horehound24. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . silver mound artemisia 18.Ilex opaca.Dianthus caryophyllus. American southernwood holly 17.Salvia officinalis. 25.Marrubium vulgare. clove pink 7. classic myrtle 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme santolina 15. germander 16.Artemisia camphorata.
Tanacetum vulgare. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Achillea millefolium. Its arrow points north and. tansy 25. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. Coix lacryma-jobi. sativa. rosemary 15. pot marigold 24. winter savory 16. Galium odoratum.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet woodruff 5.Melissa officinalis. Sometimes space is limited.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Santolina chamaecyparissus. which adds its impression of warmth. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. blue hyssop 2. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. too. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. arcticus 21. Ocimum basilicum. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. Lavandula angustifolia. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.Chamaemelum . and if an herb garden is to be created at all. purple basil 3. casts the shadow for the hour.Borago officinalis. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. gray santolina 13.Thymus praecox subsp. This center of interest is of particular note. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sweet basil 4. English lavender 6. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. 1.Satureja montana. yarrow 12. Job's tears 11. this herb garden is secluded. lemon balm 22. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. borage 23.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. French tarragon 14. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe 26.
costmary 'Albus'. garden sage 19.Chrysanthemum balsamita. variegated garden sage 8.Origanum vulgare. sweet 29. pineapplescented sage 9.Carya illinoinensis. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. white creeping thyme nobile.Symphytum officinale. wild marjoram 28.Origanum majorana. Salvia elegans. chamomile 17.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. comfrey20. marjoram pecan 10.7. Salvia officinalis. scented-leaf 27. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Pelargonium in variety. chive 18.Syringa.
for example lemon balm and spearmint. sunken into the ground.Pelargonium graveolens. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 33. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. 4. 8. 3. 19.Origanum majorana. 6. 5. rue 31. 1. lovage 22.Ipomoea alba. rose geranium 2.Allium schoenoprasum. true ginger16. 9. 7. lemon balm 35. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. summer 32.Ruta graveolens. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Melissa officinalis. garlic Levisticum officinale.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 36.Myrrhis odorata. 18. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. When controlled in this way. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. chervil 15. The more invasive ones.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. parsley 17.Pelargonium × limoneum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. hyssop Meyer lemon . 29. purple basil Zingiber officinale. blue 23. 30. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. sweet 34.Satureja hortensis.Allium sativum. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Galium odoratum. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. sativa. Anthriscus cerefolium. French sorrel 21. sweet cicely 37.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Marrubium vulgare.Apium graveolens. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. dill 20.
Thymus × citriodorus. lemonthyme 28.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet basil 38. Greek oregano 12. French thyme 24.Origanum heracleoticum.10. bush basil 14.Ocimum basilicum.Aloysia triphylla.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. dwarf nasturtium 13. Japanese yew 39. salad burnet 25. English thyme 26. spearmint 27. lemon verbena 11.Mentha spicata.Tropaeolum minus.Magnolia virginiana. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.
simplify!. "Simplify.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. a quick way to ensure good drainage. however. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. < previous page page_22 next page > . The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. but. whatever the reason. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Origanum majorana.Melissa officinalis.Petroselinum crispum. sweet 17.Monarda didyma.The number in each planting area is the key number. 16. lettuce 10. spicebush absinthe French'.Satureja hortensis.Lactuca sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var. 26. 18.Anethum graveolens. summer basil savory 7. spearmint 21.Artemisia absinthium. bell pepper 6. aloe Grossum Group. 1. 12.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Lindera benzoin. balm sativa.Mentha x piperita.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 11. 14.Galium odoratum.Ocimum basilicum. tomato American pennyroyal 4. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. rue 20.Impatiens capensis. French tarragon 5.Aloe barbadensis.Capsicum frutescens.Hedeoma pulegioides.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. arcticus. bee balm 19.Thymus praecox subsp. jewelweed24. garden sage 3.Mentha spicata. parsley 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. peppermint 23. dill 13. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . lemon 22.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium fistulosum. sweet 15.Ruta graveolens. sweet 25.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. . The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. encloses this plan. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. too. horizontally laid bluestone.Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 14. Thymus praecox subsp. germander 7. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Russian 13. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. 1.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium in variety. Perovskia abrotanoides. faced and capped with random. A low wall of brick. French thyme 2. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. 8. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.
witch hazel 18. lady's6. trumpet vine 16. Thymus × citriodorus.Galium odoratum.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. white creeping thyme 5. lemon balm hyssop 12. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina neapolitana 4. blue 11. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis. crimson creeping thyme 9.Melissa officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.-John'swort 17. St.Campsis radicans. lemon thyme 10.Thymus praecox subsp.Viburnum cassinoides.angustifolia.Hamamelis virginiana. lavender 3. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.
A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. < previous page page_28 next page > . Although this is not a large garden. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. however.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. lilac. the shrubsyew. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. Germander is a proper edging here. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. holly. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. box. It is. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. However. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
green 27.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. florentina. Viola odorata.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Eloise & Jo Ray. Heliotropium arborescens. white creeping thyme 37. red creeping thyme 10. 21. sweet albula. Myrrhis odorata. Japanese holly 47. 1.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. rue 6. mantle chamomile 5.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. sweet violet 19.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Anemone pulsatilla.Artemisia frigida.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Marrubium vulgare. dwarf box 41. Alchemilla vulgaris. 23. shrubby cinquefoil 46. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender 22.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia camphorata.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Thymus praecox subsp.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. sweet cicely17.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. santolina alpine pink 28. alpine strawberry 8. dwarf crested iris 39.Iris × germanica var. fringed wormwood 16. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina virens. winter 29. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Santolina pinnata 34.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. 26. lilac 45. Japanese yew 44. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Simkins'.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Thymus praecox subsp. 12.Stachys byzantina.Iris cristata. Corsican 24. Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis.Comptonia peregrina.Syringa patula. lady's. white hyssop 4.Salvia sclarea. clary 30.Chamaemelum nobile.Cytisus supinus. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 32.Satureja montana.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. Thymus praecox subsp. classic myrtle 15.20. dwarf privet 48. gray sage savory 14. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. orris 38. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Salvia leucophylla. 9. Mentha requienii. prostrate rosemary 13. 18. Japanese holly 42.Santolina chamaecyparissus. columnal yew 43. blue horehound hyssop 3. broom 40.Ruta graveolens. arcticus 'Albus'. germander 36. fraxinella 33.Dictamnus albus.Myrtus communis. lamb'sears 35.Borago officinalis. cottage pink 2. woolly thyme 7.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. crimson creeping thyme 31.
more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. a cutting garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and a vegetable garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. This hedge. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The direction a path takes can add interest. Other paths are brick. and one has an inset for a garden seat. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. while adding to the enclosure of the area. < previous page page_30 next page > . and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. an herb garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. the center of interest for the herb garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. a running bond pattern.
A. A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. . Landscape Architect.L.S.
plantain lily 2.Hyssopus officinalis. Campanula persicifolia.Santolina virens. Dictamnus albus. lemon thyme 40. dill wishbone flower 5. sweet marjoram 45. statice Solemacher'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Hemerocallis × luteola.Digitalis grandiflora. yellow 35. verbena rose chive 11. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Petroselinum crispum var. Anethum graveolens 23.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var. double white peony of-Persia 12. lamb's-ears 49. French tarragon 8.Salvia officinalis.Lilium candidum. blue 27. clary 46.Allium christophii. germander 39. 55.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Helleborus niger.Salvia sclarea. 52.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Polystichum acrostichoides. green santolina 42. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Limonium latifolium.Stokesia laevis. 1. sativa.Ribes alpinum. alpine strawberry 3. winter savory 44.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. blue iris 9. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Satureja hortensis. 32.The number in each planting area is the key number. cottage pink French'.Thymus × citriodorus.Galium odoratum. lemon 29. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Origanum majorana. Aquilegia chrysantha. French thyme 7. sweet 51. yellow epimedium 15. 37. bush basil 41. Christmas 48. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Origanum heracleoticum.Stachys byzantina. garden sage 56. Achillea taygetea. yellow 24. fraxinella 26. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Magnolia virginiana.Pelargonium in variety.Rosa damascena savory crispum. Stokes' aster 31. columbine dwarf marigold 6. white 'Bouquet'. 53. helenium 4.Aloysia triphylla. pale 28.Satureja montana. Louise'.Chrysanthemum × superbum. 14. Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. 22. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. purple basil Japanese holly 17. blue hyssop 43.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Teucrium chamaedrys. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lavender 18. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Ocimum basilicum 54. York-andLancaster rose 16. summer 34. 50. candytuft Standard'. starsMaxima'.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 47.
The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. as in this case. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. While serving as a soil retainer. < previous page page_32 next page > . This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation.
yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. 42. Ocimum basilicum. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Solanum pseudocapsicum. borage 26. The number in each planting area is the key number.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus × citriodorus. 21. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Alchemilla vulgaris. lady's43.Tanacetum vulgare var. 1. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. Stachys byzantina.Allium schoenoprasum. crispum.Lavandula angustifolia.Viola odorata. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. F. lamb's25. bee balm 24. lemon 22.45. Melissa officinalis.Mentha spicata.A. Borago officinalis. sweet 23. spearmint 41.Iris pseudacorus.Galium odoratum. Monarda didyma.R. lemon verbena 46. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. English 44.A.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect.Iris cristata. .
Allium tuberosum. 52.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Allium cepa.Vinca minor. myrtle 58. tabasco senna pepper 20. Egyptian onion 11. absinthe English thyme 27. pineapple38. flowering dogwood 15. wild 39.Salvia officinalis. Ajuga reptans. carpet bugleweed 8.Anethum graveolens.Cassia marilandica. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Marrubium vulgare.Allium ampeloprasum. Proliferum Group.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa × rehderana. French tarragon holly 13. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Crataegus arkansana. 37.Origanum majorana. rosemary 9.Foeniculum vulgare. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var.Mentha × piperita var.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. sweet marjoram 28.Origanum heracleoticum. leek 49. summer 32.Verbascum thapsus. Poterium sanguisorba. 33.Nepeta cataria. 40. 56.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Cornus florida. southernwood 31. polyantha rose 12. rue 51.Mentha pulegium. citrata. salad burnet 10. garden sage 36. orange mint 29. fennel 35.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Salvia elegans. post crispum 'Banquet'. Greek 53.Ruta graveolens.Allium sativum. curly mint 30. 57. pennyroyal 54. savory sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var. garlic chive 48.Satureja hortensis. horehound neapolitanum.Artemisia absinthium.Quercus stellata.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Petroselinum crispum var. dill 34.Dianthus caryophyllus. Rosmarinus officinalis. catnip 50. curly parsley oak 17. pink hawthorn 16. mullein chive 47.7.Elaeagnus pungens.Capsicum frutescens. clove 55. Porrum Group.
inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. and vinegars. However. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. < previous page page_34 next page > . sleep pillows. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. mothproofing bags. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. Although this is a northeast exposure. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.
garden 'Purpurascens'.Allium sativum var. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Levisticum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. chive 43. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium × limoneum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium odoratum.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. Hallock'. Poterium sanguisorba.Tanacetum vulgare. 21. lemon verbena 36. lily leek 44. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Monarda didyma. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Iris × germanica var. southernwood 9.Salvia oficinalis. round-headed garlic 46.Pelargonium fragrans. 49.Allium sphaerocephalum.Calendula officinalis.Pelargonium tomentosum.Valeriana officinalis.Allium cepa. lavender 7. burnet lovage 6. French tarragon 10.Agastache foeniculum. peppermint geranium 40. bay 48. nutmeg geranium 39. Proliferum Group. balm valerian 15. Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia elegans. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Thuja occidentalis. 1. crispum.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Artemisia pontica. florentina. lemon 18. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Hemerocallis.Allium moly.Mentha spicata. 24.Satureja montana. Ruta graveolens. dwarf savory garden sage 13. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. dwarf nasturtium 37. Roman 20. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Salvia officinalis.Tropaeolum minus.Hyssopus officinalis . spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. garden sage 2. 19. daylily in variety 41. 50.The number in each planting area is the key number. 'President Poincare'. bee balm 30. anise hyssop 14. 23.Pelargonium graveolens. winter 29.Allium pulchellum 47.Aloysia triphylla.Tsuga canadensis. costmary 5. orris 17.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Laurus nobilis. Thymus × citriodorus. tansy 16. rue 26. lemon 31. Lactuca. pot 28.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rumex scutatus. lettuce in variety 25.Artemisia abrotanum. 'Monge'.Melissa officinalis. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Ocimum basilicum 27. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . sativa.Rosmarinus officinalis. Egyptian onion 42. purple basil sage 11. blue hyssop 35. salad 22. lilac 32. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. < previous page page_36 next page > . A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Invasive. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. A simple knot. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. is the focus of the middle level. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.
sativa.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. Satureja montana 'Nana'. houseleek 45.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Valeriana officinalis.Monarda didyma. valerian 5. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. horehound 46. golden thyme .Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Sempervivum tectorum.Foeniculum vulgare.Armeria maritima. dwarf winter savory 2. white thrift 24. fennel 25.Salvia elegans. French tarragon 44. Digitalis purpurea. 1. salad burnet 23. summer savory 43. pineapplescented sage 47.Poterium sanguisorba. foxglove 4. bee balm 26. thyme 3. pineapple mint 22.Marrubium vulgare.
viper's 34. dyer's woad 7.6.Rosa chinensis.Galium verum. feverfew climbing rose 16.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. garden 42. white creeping thyme aconite 14. 39. 54. clary 48. 40.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Isatis tinctoria. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. 30.Hyssopus officinalis. pot 35.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. 61. China rose comfrey 19. rosemary 28. germander 56.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. blue hyssop 57.Laurus nobilis. pink 62. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . fraxinella 8.Echium vulgare.Agrimonia eupatoria.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Salvia officinalis. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. angelica Lenten rose 10.Chrysanthemum 36.Crocus sativus.Origanum majorana. Dictamnus albus. sweet 32.Teucrium chamaedrys. French'.Ocimum basilicum.Sium sisarum. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Helleborus niger.Artemisia absinthium. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Thymus praecox subsp.Calendula officinalis. pink 59. 33. white 58. rue 31.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Rosa eglanteria. sweet 50. sweet basil sage 27.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Myrrhis odorata. winter bugloss 'Albus'. marigold chive 15. Madonna cicely lily 12. Angelica archangelica.Lavandula angustifolia. 38.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. lavender Christmas rose 11.Salvia viridis. absinthe 53. yellow 41. arcticus 55.Foeniculum vulgare.Levisticum officinale. annual clary 51.Anemone pulsatilla. sweet 37. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. skirret 60. dwarf edging box 21.Galium odoratum.Allium schoenoprasum.Ruta graveolens.Helleborus orientalis. parthenium.Lilium candidum.Symphytum officinale. Salvia sclarea.Eranthis hyemalis. English 52.
and the shagbark hickory. There is variety in this plan. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. However. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. < previous page page_38 next page > . Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Carya ovata. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. even though space is limited.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton.
French Galium odoratum. Marrubium vulgare. green santolina Primula veris. borage Petroselinum crispum. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. Aloysia triphylla. flax Buxus sempervirens. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. Poterium sanguisorba. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. red mint . germander Agastache foeniculum. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. valerian Rosa damascena. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. lamb's. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. Canada Isatis tinctoria. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. stewardsonii. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys.Arisaema triphyllum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Adiantum pedatum. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita.Galium verum. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. sativa. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. chive Ilex opaca. Asarum canadense. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. bee balm Melissa officinalis. angelica Mondarda didyma. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. rue Cornusflorida. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. box Buxus sempervirens. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. Artemisia absinthium. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. box Ruta graveolens. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. sweet basil Satureja montana. box Carya ovata. citrata.
Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .
and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. A singular statue of St. A clump of birch here. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. unplanned look was desired.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. too. this excavation. it is open on the side facing the house. is on a sandy knoll. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. An informal. However. < previous page page_40 next page > . first intended for the construction of a cottage. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. a dipping pool there. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. For this appearance.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. Thymus praecox subsp.Anthriscus cerefolium. lemon balm 44. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Achillea tomentosa. wild 43.Pelargonium graveolens. 52.Mentha suaveolens. Ruta graveolens.Consolida orientalis. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. pineapple3. 8. 33. 76. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 38. 68.Santolina florentina.Salvia elegans.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Angelica archangelica. 74.Satureja montana. orris chamaecyparissus. 31.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. Johnny-jump-up54. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Digitalis purpurea.Hyssopus officinalis. 63.Tanacetum vulgare var.Betula papyrifera.Thymus herba-barona. 53. golden 37. 79.Viola tricolor. sea onion angelica 24. wild 51. marsh 42.Chrysanthemum balsamita. French'.Pelargonium denticulatum.Monarda fistulosa.Levisticum officinale. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. gray scented sage santolina 4.Stachys byzantina. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Vinca minor. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Pelargonium quercifolium. 75. celandine cicely 18. myrtle 14. Sempervivum tectorum.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Althaea officinalis. 69.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Nepeta cataria. rose geranium 10. orange geranium 11. 77.Salvia officinalis. 30.Myrrhis odorata.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Allium favum lovage 22.Chrysanthemum 80.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Melissa officinalis.Convallaria majalis.Anethum graveolens.Urginea maritima.Artemisia abrotanum. 34. Iris × germanica var.Mentha spicata. mint 50.Chelidonium majus.Origanum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. rue 29. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 61. 59. creeping juniper 26. 36. 78. horehound mallow foxglove 16. peppermint 47. blue 2. apple mint 49. 12.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm . garden sage lungwort 57. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 1. pot 66. 'Prostratus'.Origanum majorana. white birch English lavender parthenium. woolly thyme 13. Thymus × citriodorus. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. lemon 35. pennyroyal 46. 64.Marrubium vulgare. thrift55. 72.Mentha × gentilis. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Digitalis grandiflora. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. feverfew 27. 70. winter savory 20.Satureja hortensis.Pelargonium crispum.Origanum onites. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. Artemisia dracunculusvar. purple basil 9. chive crispum.The number in each planting area is the key number. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. red mint 48.Mentha × piperita.Teucrium canadense. 58.Mentha pulegium.Rosa 'Merry England'. sweet 71.Pelargonium tomentosum.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. spearmint 45.Ajuga reptans.Armeria maritima.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 60. rose bergamot valerian 25. 32. 65. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium schoenoprasum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Petroselinum crispum.Glechoma hederacea.Coriandrum sativum. 67.Poterium sanguisorba. fern-leaf tansy 23.Monarda didyma.Valeriana officinalis.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. catnip 73.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. is used for the wall. They are clustered around the smokehouse. and the two small trees. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. < previous page page_42 next page > . there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. making it more a part of the herb garden. the accents of the six large box. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Because of the edging box. Foundation stone.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. the same as the smokehouse construction.
A.L. .S. Landscape Architect. A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
1. 27.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet cicely45.Satureja montana. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . Satureja hortensis. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. rosemary 3. box 'Citriodorum'. verbena English thyme 5. English 'Minimum'. fringed 43.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha × piperita.Levisticum officinale. 44.Ocimum basilicum 30.Myrrhis odorata.Tanacetum vulgare var. blue angelica lungwort 20.Mentha requienii.Melissa officinalis. Symphytum officinale.Buxus sempervirens.Chrysanthemum 28.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. pineapple mint 18. lemon 34. purple basil sativa.Crocus. sweet 37.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. spearmint 48. lemon 36. Rosmarinus officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. winter 42.Fritillaria imperialis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. 21. dwarf edging box 14.Allium giganteum.Viola tricolor. European ginger 4.Mentha × piperita var.38.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. Ocimum basilicum 24. Lavandula angustifolia. orange mint 19.Lilium candidum. lemon basil 15. 31.Mentha spicata.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. chive comfrey curly mint 8.The number in each planting area is the key number. 35. 'Purpurascens'.Alchemilla vulgaris. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. balsamita. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Artemisia frigida. fraxinella 17.Ocimum basilicum 32. 39.Angelica archangelica. bee balm 29.Aloysia triphylla. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Artemisia abrotanum. Origanum majorana. Asarum europaeum.Prunus domestica. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Crataegus laevigata. 41. lady's.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. sweet marjoram 2. Corsican 33. sweet 26. white 23.Artemisia dracunculus var. Pelargonium graveolens. summer 25. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. 40.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Galium odoratum. 22. lovage 46. 47. balm citrata. Dictamnus albus. species in variety crispum.
Instead. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Lowgrowing. although it is ample at four feet.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. pink of Dianthus. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. This is true also of the stone curbing. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. < previous page page_44 next page > . This hedge. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. two specimen shrubs. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. a soil retainer. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. the dwarf box edging. The dipping bowl. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. too. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens.
< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A. .S.L.A. Landscape Architect.
black cohosh windflower 15. 20. winter savory 39. clary 32.Crocus tomasinianus.Narcissus triandrus var. 51. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. Origanum majorana. 49. lamb's-ears 28. orange mint 8. Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.Tulipa clusiana. verbena snowflake 19. Thymus doerfleri. gray 22. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. sweet 55.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 58.Myrica pensylvanica.Crocus kotschyanus. Stachys byzantina. American 38.Convallaria majalis. lily.Heliotropium arborescens.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Sternbergia lutea.Anemone blanda.Teucrium canadense. borage 31. 17.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. Spanish bluebell 16.Mentha spicata. arcticus 30.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. 43.Pelargonium in variety.Cimicifuga racemosa. green santolina 37.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium christophii. marjoram crocus 7.Helleborus niger. angustifolia 'Nana'. catmint 35.Hamamelis virginiana. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Levisticum officinale.Narcissus asturiensis.The number in each planting area is the key number. tulip citrata.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Mertensia virginica. Compactus'.Mentha × piperita var. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. sweet 27. thyme 29. 52. white 42. 54. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Borago officinalis.Satureja montana.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. 45. sweet 47. white creeping thyme lovage 10. 53.Digitalis grandiflora.Thymus × citriodorus. 40. Madonna 63.Crocus speciosus.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. 36.Leucojum aestivum. 44. 26.Galium odoratum. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. 2. spearmint 48.Nepeta mussinii. angel's-tears 59.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Dicentra spectabilis.Thymus herba-barona.57. 'Lanuginosus'. 46.Mentha × piperita.Lilium candidum.Ocimum basilicum. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 50.Angelica archangelica. lemon 60.Crocus angustifolius.Helleborus lividus subsp.Salvia sclarea. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. caraway thyme albus. Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 33. 1. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 61.Santolina virens. rue25. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. arcticus 34. 56. prostrate rosemary 18.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. golden thyme41.Galanthus nivalis.
Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Second. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. First. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The results have been most satisfying. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . very livable and profoundly satisfying. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Morning sun warms it early.
Tagetes 'Lulu'.Allium neapolitanum.Salvia sclarea. Ocimum basilicum. 25. marigold 41. The number in each planting area is the key number.Apium graveolens. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Porrum Group.Artemisia dracunculus var.S. 1. English thyme 43. 'Lambrook Silver'. A. absinthe sativa. leek 46. crocus 44. French tarragon 5.Artemisia lactiflora. . Landscape Architect. woolly thyme 3. Thymus praecox subsp.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. garden sage 4. wild celery 42.L. clary thyme 22.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis. 26. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet basil 23. lemon 21. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Beauty'.Allium ampeloprasum. Artemisia absinthium 24.Tulipa tarda. tulip 45. Origanum heracleoticum. Thymus × citriodorus.Crocus sieberi.
alpine 28. American marjoram Yellow'. dogwood 19. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Nepeta × faassenii. lemon 50. Viola odorata. fraxinella 36. great 31.Lobelia siphilitica. red currant gray santolina 13. monkshood upright yew 17.Dictamnus albus.Galium mollugo.Achillea filipendula 60.Tropaeolum minus. yellow 55.Allium schoenoprasum. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Stachys byzantina. butterfly 47.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. Robert verbena Brydon'.Asclepias tuberosa.Aloysia triphylla. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. 54. curly parsley 20. green 40. 32. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Allium senescens var. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. pink 30. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. 39. 29.Ribes sativum.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina virens.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. catmint 53.Levisticum officinale.Clematis 'Mrs.Aconitum napellus. weed chive 48. lobelia Sherbert'. viola holly 18. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. American elderberry 15. pale 49.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. blue 38. 8. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Cornus florida. lovage 34. 56.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.foxglove 7.Malus hupehensis. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . sweet 37. Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. white evergreen azalea 16.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Digitalis grandiflora.Artemisia camphorata.Ipomoea alba.Petroselinum crispum var. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Dianthus × allwoodii.Origanum majorana.Ilex opaca. lamb's-ears 52.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. 58. clematis 11.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. an impression of Sol in it. are raised with bricks on edge. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A birdbath of copper. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The four herb beds. even though the growing area is not extensive. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Well-drained as they are. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. repeats again the octagonal form. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Allium schoenoprasum. 43.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 39. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. variegated garden sage 37. 42.Thymus × citriodorus. 27.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. curly mint 3. 16.Thymus praecox subsp. lavender pine geranium chive 13. bush basil 23.Pelargonium graveolens. 1.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. peppermint 4.Lavandula angustifolia.Joan E. lemon 30.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dill 18. Galium odoratum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Marrubium vulgare. golden variegated garden sage 38.Salvia officinalis. 29. French tarragon 7. crispum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. Artemisia dracunculus var. spearmint southernwood 5.Salvia sclarea.Pelargonium crispum. Artemisia abrotanum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium denticulatum.Mentha spicata. sweet woodruff 9. purple basil 24. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Pelargonium odoratissimum.Santolina 25. sweet basil 22. Artemisia absinthium. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. thyme salad burnet 40.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium tomentosum. purple variegated garden sage 36. rue 35.Petroselinum crispum var. Stachys byzantina. clove pink 10.Allium tuberosum. sativa. lavender 15. catmint 6. lamb's-ears 17. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula dentata.Heliotropium arborescens.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ruta graveolens.Nepeta mussinii. silver mound artemisia 8. 28. angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum. rosemary 33. clary 21. absinthe 20. gray 'Prince of Orange'. white creeping thyme 12. prostrate rosemary 34. lemon 41. orange santolina geranium 11.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. English thyme horehound 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 19. Anethum graveolens.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. curly parsley 32. heliotrope 31. French 26. Semple.Mentha × piperita.
This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. A suitable fence. rose. a toolhouse. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. lemon verbena. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. and lantana are a few. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. < previous page page_52 next page > . A birdbath may replace the pool.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. rose geranium. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. if neither is available. There are a number of plants suitable for such use.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.A. green 12. crispum. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Origanum majorana.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. 13. The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Santolina virens.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. zonal geranium 18. lemon 10. fern-leaf tansy 8. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. lavender 3. zonal geranium 19. white creeping thyme 2. lemon thyme 20.Santolina chamaecyparissus. bush basil 5. Thymus praecox subsp.L.Pelargonium frutetorum. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Chamaemelum nobile. 9. 1.S.Heliotropium arborescens.Aloysia triphylla. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Tanacetum vulgare var. verbena ambrosia 4.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. rosescented geranium 17. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Chenopodium botrys.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. 7. woolly thyme 15. absinthe 'Minimum'. heliotrope 21.Thymus × citriodorus.Artemisia absinthium 11. A. geranium 16. gray santolina chamomile 14.
mints. Hyssop hedges define the circles. The dwarf box frames the focal point. These can easily obliterate a design. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. but the design itself has endured forty years. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. apothecary's rose. artemisias. Angelica. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. box. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Box and holly enclose it all. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. As the snows melt. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. a deep mauve to others. a sundial. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . the design is clearly traced. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Teucrium chamaedrys.Vitis. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Monarda fistulosa. Santolina virens.Helleborus orientalis.Taxus.Melissa officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. clove pink 29. 58. crimson creeping thyme 18.Stachys byzantina.Origanum onites. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Artemisia absinthium. grape fennel 19.Asclepias tuberosa. dyer's woad 9.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Symphytum officinale.Sempervivum tectorum. valerian 6. Canadian burnet 13. 48.Reseda luteola.Iris × germanica var.Valeriana officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris. Rosmarinus officinalis. orris box 22. fern-leaf tansy 5.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina neapolitana 36.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. gray 37. butterfly weed35. alpine 60. yew Beauty'. skirret 53. southernwood 2. marjoram lungwort crispum. Tropaeolum majus. scented.Thymus praecox subsp.James D. orris 57. sweet 27.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Pulmonaria officinalis. dwarf edging box 21. 'Albus'. masterwort 69. wild 52. white 66. bronze 64. lamb's-ears 33.Allium schoenoprasum. lady's-mantle 46. 55. piney 44. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . Graham. Chamaemelum nobile.Syringa.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.47.30.63. green. daffodil 17. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Thymus praecox subsp. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Tanacetum vulgare var. 62. winter savory 32.Helleborus niger. lilac 70. weld 54.Paeonia officinalis.Sium sisarum. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. Pelargonium in variety.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. thrift 41. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Buxus sempervirens. Origanum majorana. apothecary's rose lavender 20. leaf geranium French lavender 8. perilla 51.Galium odoratum. rosemary 25.Perillafrutescens.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. blue 50.Isatis tinctoria. Satureja montana.Lavandula angustifolia. green santolina 24. arcticus 38. 1. nasturtium 28. feverfew 14. sweet woodruff45. 56. 59.Lamium album.Sedum telephium. florentina. arcticus 40.Foeniculum vulgare.Alchemilla alpina.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. 65. white creeping thyme French'.Helleborus atrorubens 12. germander 43.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lilium candidum.Armeria maritima.Lavandula dentata. Dianthus caryophyllus. arcticus 39. chamomile 31.Artemisia camphorata. absinthe 34.Pyrus communis.Hyssopus officinalis.Arisaema dracontium. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. 67. 26. blue hyssop 42. rue 23.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. white dead 49. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Astrantia major.Myrrhis odorata.Asarum europaeum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.
even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. In addition to the brick edging around each. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. rising from the courtyard. However. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. pink. < previous page page_56 next page > . and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Rosa 'Albertine'. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. They are small specialty beds. but no panacea for the maintenance required. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. with buds of red. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. include this one. The large. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. At the top of the steps. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. If there is room for only one rambler rose. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands.
tansy Bois'.Tanacetum vulgare. foxglove 39.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Angelica archangelica. 1.Rheum rhabarbarum. lavender 4. rhubarb 2. English thyme . lemon balm 42. 23. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. 22.Satureja montana. Lavandula angustifolia. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garden sage 40. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. caraway 24. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 41. angelica 20.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Borago officinalis. Carum carvi.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Melissa officinalis. subsp. alpine strawberry 3. bush basil 43.Thymus × citriodorus.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.
31. citrata.R. muscosa 15. pineapple34.Poterium sanguisorba.Dianthus Victoria'.Pelargonium. centifolia var. French'. Pelargonium graveolens. thyme frutescens. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.R. 56.'Baronne Prevost'.R.Salvia elegans. 54. borboniana 'La Reine 14. bourbon rose 10. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. centifolia 'Cristata'.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley 26. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.'Albertine'. clove pink Mammoth'.sativa.Chrysanthemum. pot 50. silver 27. 45.Tagetes filifolia.R. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. French 33. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Mentha × piperita var. sweet 37.Lavandula dentata.Chenopodium 55.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Calendula officinalis. 29.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum majorana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Chrysanthemum 46. geranium in 30. Thymus 'Argenteus'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Marrubium vulgare. blue hyssop 25. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Anethum graveolens 47. 35. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. Irish-lace 48. marguerite chive 9. Mexican tea 18.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. 36. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. lemon 51. salad 7. Hyssopus officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. prostrate rosemary 16. musk rose 12.R.R.Satureja hortensis. var. cheddar pink 53. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .R.Aloysia triphylla.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Laurus nobilis.R. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. centifolia.Petroselinum crispum var. 49.6. Consolida ambigua. rose 28.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.
It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Balance is augmented. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. It is near the house. Laid in an unusual pattern. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. < previous page page_58 next page > . too. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. as it should be. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. and the access to it is surfaced with brick.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . 17.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. chive lemon verbena 6. A. English'.S.Aloysia triphylla. lavender 2. santolina moss rose 7. Landscape Architect.Origanum majorana. 21. The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Satureja hortensis. sweet basil 14. English thyme signet marigold 11. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia officinalis. double white peony 5.Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. 19.Anethum graveolens. 20. 1.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Myosotis sylvatica. rosemary yellow viola 10. 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dill 9.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. white creeping thyme 4.Ocimum basilicum. blue hyssop 13. dwarf edging box 8.Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. 16.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.L.Poterium sanguisorba. green 22.Allium schoenoprasum. 23. heliotrope 3. gray 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Heliotropium arborescens.
potted lemon verbena. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. and a comfortable. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The grape vines. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. < previous page page_60 next page > . Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Herbs. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. the fence with roses. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. too. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. winter pruned. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and the grape arbor. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
marsh climbing rose. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Valeriana officinalis. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Althaea officinalis. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. lemon Linum perenne. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Galium odoratum. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. sweet climbing rose. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. lovage Myrrhis odorata. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. BED II germander BED IV 2. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. conical yew rosemary 1. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Nepeta mussinii. purple variegated garden sage 4. Teucrium chamaedrys. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'.Connecticut Vera Breed. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. 3. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Aloysia triphylla. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Iris cristata. Stachys byzantina. three.
gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Thymus. lemon thyme 9. Sempervivum. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Rosmarinus officinalis. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. creeping thyme in variety 8. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Delphinium × belladonna. catmint 5. Thymus × citriodorus. Chamaemelum nobile. fairy rose Giant'. lavender 10. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. plume Baptisia australis. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . lemon Anemone hybrida. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. beach Marrubium vulgare. houseleek in variety 7. tuberosa 6. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana.
grew too large. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Herbs. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Another angle could be tried with these. magnolia. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. tend to broaden the width of the garden. blue green. holly.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. if desired. Later. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Either it flourished too well. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. its detail is shown below. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. and bright green in the herb beds. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. myrtle. silver. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . planted in bands across these beds. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Ivy. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
lime geranium 4. Borago officinalis. rue 20.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. French 27. English thyme chamomile 2.Tanacetum vulgare.Magnolia grandiflora.Thymus carnosus. English ivy burnet 10. tansy 45.Ilex opaca.Lavandula angustifolia. salad 43. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . 33. 44. dwarf edging box 11. purple garden sage 7.Poterium sanguisorba.Teucrium chamaedrys.Origanum majorana. English'. lamb's.Marrubium vulgare. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Pelargonium × nervosum.Melissa officinalis. 25.Pelargonium graveolens. 6.Monarda didyma.Artemisia ludoviciana var. woolly thyme 8. Ruta graveolens. ears rose geranium 3. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. winter 'Purpurascens'. 1.Thymus 'Argenteus'. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. dwarf 21. white creeping thyme 41.Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 29.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. purple basil savory 35. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Levisticum officinale.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis.Chamaemelum nobile.Rumex scutatus.Mentha suaveolens. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. myrtle 47. arcticus 'Albus'. bay rosemary 12.Mentha spicata. spearmint 42. 49. box chamaecyparissus.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm30.Thymus doerfleri. Ocimum basilicum 22. silver-king artemisia 23. gray santolina 15.Satureja montana. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. borage 26. lovage 48. thyme 37. French thyme 39. horehound germander 17.Laurus nobilis. sweet 34. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. Tropaeolum minus. thyme 38. American holly 31.Buxus sempervirens 14.Vinca minor. Ocimum basilicum 24. 'Minimum'. sweet woodruff 36. bayberry balm thyme 13.19.Galium odoratum. bush basil albula.Thymus herba-barona. Stachys byzantina. caraway thyme 40. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 28.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hedera helix.Myrica pensylvanica.Pelargonium fragrans. lemon 46.Thymus × citriodorus.
It is a large garden. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. standards. too. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. and treessome of which are espaliered. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. < previous page page_64 next page > . The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. Laurus nobilis. too. accent this prime focal point even more. potted shrubs. brick.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. adding to the space for walking. The use of flagstone. There is variety in the walks. It is located for the best viewing. The four potted bay. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. maypoles. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries.
Nigella damascena.acerifolium. 51. musty oakscented geranium 5. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. winter 27.P.P. 49.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. pot 52. 26.Viola tricolor.53.P. apple English thyme up geranium 3.quercifolium. Johnny-jump. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Calendula officinalis.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .50. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 25.P.odoratissimum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.Chenopodium botrys. fragrans. 1. Satureja montana. wild 28. love-in. Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 29.
Origanum majorana.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.P.P. classic 21.P.P. cherry tomato chive 17. box 19. salad 42. fern-leaf 'Nana'. strawberry 48. pheasant's. lemon 65. denticulatum 11.Monarda didyma.Fragaria vesca. lime geranium 55. denticulatum. horehound 46.Viola odorata. 62. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 37.6. 64.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Poncirus trifoliata. French tarragon Rose'.P.P.Forsythia. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lemon geranium 56.Artemisia abrotanum. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Thymus praecox subsp. 58. lemon-rose geranium 22.Lavandula angustifolia.Acorus calamus. graveolens. peppermint 67. bay 20. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Myrtus communis.P. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . lettuce 39.72.Anethum graveolens.P.Livingston'. crispum. crispum 'Minor'.P.× nervosum.Malus angustifolia. forsythia 'Albus'.Laurus nobilis.Mentha pulegium. radens. rose geranium66. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. radens 'Dr. 61. 41. Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium crispum. tomentosum.Malus. lemon 47.P. bronze 38. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Mentha.Levisticum officinale.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P. 71.Thymus serpyllum.Tanacetum vulgare var. English lavender 32.Salvia caerulea. pine crispum. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Foeniculum vulgare.P. bee balm 63.Allium senescens var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. camphor-scented geranium 69.Petroselinum crispum. garden sage 54. wild thyme 31. chamomile 8. lemon geranium 33. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. white creeping thyme geranium 68. lemon balm 45.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Marrubium vulgare. 57. 44.Aloysia triphylla.P. lettuce 40. Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. blue hyssop 10. crowfoot 70. Chamaemelum nobile. arcticus43.Origanum dictamnus. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. dill 36. orange geranium 23. fern-leaf 60. rosemary 9. parsley 35.Salvia officinalis. golden lemon thyme 7.Melissa officinalis.Achilleafilipendula. sweet flag 16. glutinosum.
This is a large garden by any standard. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. and Allium karataviense. too. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. < previous page page_66 next page > . The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. green santolina. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. In keeping with this feeling. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. The result is one of sculptured elegance.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Satureja montana.Allium christophii.Artemisia frigida. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. big blue lilyturf 12. 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativa.Levisticum officinale. green santolina 14.Florence B.Allium moly. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Santolina virens. Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf garden 17.Liriope muscari. garden sage 18. winter savory 9. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . Mentha suaveolens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis. lemon 11. apple mint 13. gray 10. blue hyssop 16.Salvia officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. 1. wormwood fennel 2.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Thymus × citriodorus. fringed 7.Thymus praecox subsp. chive 4. Baker. French tarragon schoenoprasum. 15. arcticus.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
and the front porch of the house. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. the upper deck. the square. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. for the box after new spring growth. the circle. < previous page page_70 next page > . Many herb gardens could provide this. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
dwarf edging box 7. Italian cypress 9.Cedrus deodara.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lavender 5.Satureja montana. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . dwarf myrtle 6.Cupressus sempervirens. lemon 8.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. chamomile 2. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.The number in each planting area is the key number.Chamaemelum nobile. winter savory 4. viola 3.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.
This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. from Peter Coats. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Coin with Tudor rose design. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Paths are gravel. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. as it was with this plan.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst.. Roses.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
parsley 29.Ruta graveolens. monkshood27.Lilium candidum. English pasqueflower primrose 14. absinthe peppermint 8. winter 32. Madonna 23.Myrtus communis. Hyssopus officinalis. wild thyme 5. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Primula vulgaris.Lactuca sativa. pot marigold 15.Crithmum maritimum.Calendula officinalis. Eryngium maritimum.Primula elatior.Iris pseudacorus. Dianthus caryophyllus. chamomile 4. sweet violet 6. Origanum majorana.Aconitum napellus.Fumaria officinalis.Viola tricolor. rue 33. clove20. saffron lily crocus 12.Buxus sempervirens. English daisy 36.The number in each planting area is the key number. 25. lettuce 28. rosemary 16.Mentha spicata.Carum carvi.Viola odorata. 19. Foeniculum vulgare. Chamaemelum nobile.Petroselinum crispum.Anemone pulsatilla. fennel 21. sweet marjoram 3. classic myrtle 18.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. Malva sylvestris. oxlip 17. lemon balm 31. yellow flag 26. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. 34. mallow 13.Mentha × piperita.Lavandula angustifolia. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. salad burnet 10. caraway 35. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Bellis perennis. 1. earth 24.Satureja montana. blue hyssop 2. Thymus serpyllum.Fragaria vesca. spearmint 30.Poterium sanguisorba.Crocus sativus. 22.
they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. Selected for this reason. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. white blooms and woolly. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. silver mound. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. However. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance." Concrete blocks. most of the blooms are nightscented. white. but Always Love. spurred. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. plumed. its tufted. along with a measure of fragrance. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden.
19. pink 15.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. petunia 30.Galium odoratum. horehound 2. 'Albus'. white 32.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Dictamnus albus. 1. lamb's. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. white . Santolina chamaecyparissus. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. silver mound artemisia 3. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Stachys byzantina.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Marrubiam vulgare. silver 16.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Galanthus nivalis. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. sweet 31. 17. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Lilium candidum.
silver-king artemisia columbine 13. tuberose 36.6.Matthiola incana.21.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. white 22. orris 8. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . needle florentina. Yucca filamentosa.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. albula. lily-ofthe-valley 11. sweet violet 20.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. white stock absinthe 10.Artemisia stellerana.Hesperis matronalis. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. white 27.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. 28. moonflower 39. Viola odorata. Artemisia lactiflora. clary 24.Malus 'Guiding Star'. rose 40. rose 41.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 25. daffodil 35.Polianthes tuberosa. Adam's. 26. western mugwort 7. 23. lavender 12.Convallaria majalis.Lunaria annua.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Chrysanthemum parthenium. tulip 37.Salvia sclarea.Iris × germanica var.Ipomoea alba.Rosa 'Cinderella'. tulip 38. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. Artemisia absinthium. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Artemisia ludoviciana.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. dame's honesty rocket 14.Artemisia ludoviciana var.
< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. required their use as an educational adjunct. Many of these herbs lack the hues. textures. too. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. related to an old mill reconstruction. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. This herb garden. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. < previous page page_76 next page > . The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. Rather.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
53.Reseda luteola. 39.Rubia tinctorum.Genista tinctoria. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Rumex obtusifolius.Coreopsis tinctoria. 43. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Furcraea hexapetala.Cladrastis lutea.Sanguinaria canadensis.Berberis vulgaris. Scotch broom hemp 7. dyer's broom safflower 6. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Hibiscus cannabinus. stinging nettle44. 28. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Filipendula ulmaria. 23.Hypericum perforatum.Monarda didyma. 29. African 45.Galium odoratum.Anthemis tinctoria. Musa textilis. 37.51.Polygonum hydropiperoides. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Rhus typhina. sisal 27. 32. 47.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Tagetes erecta. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Ligustrum vulgare.Isatis tinctoria. privet marigold 15.Prunus persica. sumac poke 17. sweet 49. black-eyed 50. Boehmeria nivea.Cytisus scoparius.Phytolacca americana. Agave fourcroydes.Convallaria majalis. goldthread 41. French 33. blueberry 13.Tagetes patula. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . Abutilon theophrasti. St.. 22.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. fuller's 30.46.Hydrastis canadensis. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Chelidonium majus.Anchusa officinalis. lily.Allium cepa.Urtica dioica. 34. broad 42. madder 54. 48. peach bracken sorrel 19. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Rumex acetosa. onion China jute 4. Linum usitatissimum. 26.Indigofera tinctoria.Cotinus coggygria.Parmelia conspersa. Manila 25. ramie 24.Crocus sativus. dyer's 31.Dipsacus sativus.Rudbeckia hirta.Mahonia aquifolium. weld 57.Solidago species.Viburnum acerifolium. alkanet 52.38.Agrimonia eupatoria.Pteridium aquilinum. queen. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. 1. bee 36. 35.Vaccinium angustifolium var. woad Susan laevifolium. Gossypium hirsutum. Sansevieria trifasciata. flax 21.Coptis trifolia. garden 56.Carthamus tinctorius. Agave sisalana. golden 40.Morus rubra or alba. yellow 55. 20.Genista germanica. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Galium verum.
< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. A totally appealing edging. as well as the roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. < previous page page_78 next page > . at each end of the garden and at each entrance. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Elsewhere. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
22. cl. 25. 'American Pillar'. 'Belle Amour' 6. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Cecile Brunner' 10. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Sombreuil'. 'Empress Josephine' 7. rambler 20. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. cl. 'Seven Sisters'. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. Legras de St. cl. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'White Rose of York' 3. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 23. rambler 19. cl. 1. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Alfred de Rougemont'. 18. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Mme. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. cl. 24. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. the second shows the number of plants to be used.
< previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. The notch of four square feet.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
45. 27. graveolens var. schoenoprasum.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.B. garlic chive 44.A.B.annuum 'Floral Gem'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. curly eggplant parsley 23. melongena 2. C. tuberosum.A. graveolens var. 24. C. celery I 31.B. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.A. giant garlic var.B. annuum 'Nosegay'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. celery Bed 9. oleracea 'Prima'. annuum 'Teno'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. Petroselinum crispum var. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. red 38.esculentum 'Long Black'.B.B. oleracea 'Red Acre'. chive 42. leek 5. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.Cichorium intybus.B. dulce 47.C. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. scorodoprasum. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. graveolens 'French Dinant'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. 26. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . 22. red 37. graveolens var. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. annuum 'Fips'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. 29. C.A.A. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. kohlrabi Rock'. celery Group. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. pear Purple Vienna'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. C. 32. 28. dulce 'Utah 5270'. C.Solanum melongena var.L. eggplant 43. sprouts celery 8.C. lycopersicum var.B. cherry tomato 34. melongena 1. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. C. Beauty'.A. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. 48. Boerner. ruby swiss chard var.A.A.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. white-flowered kale 49. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.B. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. shallot Lakes'.B.C. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. annuum 'Mosaic'. annuum 'Variegata'. 30.sativa 'Ruby'. crispum 'Banquet'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. annuum 'Golden Bell'. 39. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.L.C.B. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. dulce 50.A.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. Capsicum annuum var.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.C.Apium graveolens var. 25. red-flowered kale 6. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.C. annuum 'Black Prince'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. oleracea 'Green Parade'. cepa Proliferum Group. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. 40. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. C. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.S. annuum 'Red Boy'.S.
Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. winter savory. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. arcs. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. for each is a complete entity. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. All of the circles. and golden thyme. When viewed from the terrace above.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
P. P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. lemon geranium 22.P.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 12.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.A.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. oak-leaved geranium 16. apple gray santolina geranium 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. grossularioides.P.P. green 14.Ilex glabra. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. Livingston'. winter 13. gooseberry geranium 24. A. Marshall. × domesticum 6. graveolens. acerifolium. golden 11.Myrica pensylvanica.P. tomentosum.S.P. Assoc. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. 15. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . lime geranium Rose'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.' lemon geranium 23. 1. apricot geranium28.L. crispum.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P.P. Santolina virens.× nervosum. orange geranium 8. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. P. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Satureja montana.P.P. 17. inkberry geranium 9. Santolina chamaecyparissus. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.Melissa R. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. crispum 'French Lace.P. germander crowfoot geranium 21. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. peppermint 26.. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. Teucrium chamaedrys.P. 19. × nervosum 'Torento'. 29. Landscape Architect. radens 'Dr. rose geranium 27.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. odoratissimum.P. scabrum.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. maple-leaved 18. P. rose-scented geranium 4.
To ease the care for a more complicated design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. For the knot to look its best at all times. Its interspaces can be mulched. 1. slower-growing plant material needs to be used.Hyssopus officinalis. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed.Santolina virens. was planted using edging box only. closed knot design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. or marble chips. sand. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Lavandula angustifolia. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. on page 37. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. filled with plants that have contrasting color. Maintenance is high for a knot. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. . English lavender 2. texture. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. and growth to the plants of the knot design. which is framed with a brick edging. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. blue hyssop 3. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. such as a dwarf edging box. especially when it is blooming. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs.
Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1. gray santolina 3. dwarf edging box 4. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus. green santolina 2.
caraway thyme 9. fig 4. herba-barona. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. variegated garden sage . lavender Japanese barberry 5. arcticus 'Albus'. purple variegated 11. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. white 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.S. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. creeping thymes. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. which is found more often out in the open. 'Munstead'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.T. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. Teucrium chamaedrys. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. 8. Some maintenance is required for clipping.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. Rosmarinus officinalis. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.T.officinalis 'Tricolor'. which are confined to that area. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. In another departure from the usual. the height of the edging. The knot material is maintained at six inches.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus praecox subsp.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
lavender . The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. American germander 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 2.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.
Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. < previous page page_88 next page > . again laid on edge.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. a complement for the colors of the plant material. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. adding another facet to an appealing design. pleasing color. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. each one a quarter-circle. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. which are also laid on edge. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
rue 21. 17. samphire14.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Perovskia atriplicifolia. gray santolina 2.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Salvia argentea.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina neapolitana 10. dwarf 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Marrubium incanum.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. golden marguerite 25.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. fern-leaf yarrow 27. silver sage 15. lavender 9. lavender 8.Salvia clevelandii. tree germander 22. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. glaucum 11. curry plant 7. angustifolia 'Rosea'. woolly yarrow 23.Artemisia arborescens.Leontopodium alpinum. silver thyme 6. 1.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Anthemis marschalliana. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Crithmum maritimum. lavender 5. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Thymus 'Argenteus'. Russian sage 24.Lavandula dentata var. tree artemisia 26.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 18.The number in each planting area is the key number. blue sage 13.Allium senescens var. French lavender 3. grenadin pink chamomile 4. dwarf gray santolina 20. 16.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium fruticans.Stachys byzantina.Artemisia frigida. candicans. silver horehound 19.Anthemis tinctoria.Helichrysum angustifolium.
A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. oregano. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. thyme. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. are without number. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Styles of containers. The color of the container plays a lesser role. basil. < previous page page_90 next page > . lady's-mantle. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. Some are rosemary. As with other plant material. which include hanging baskets. sweet marjoram. and the savories. If one is familiar with herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used.
as with this container herb garden. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. < previous page page_91 next page > .< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance.
visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. If children's interest is not sustained.S. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. < previous page page_95 next page > . and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.A. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.L. LandscapeArchitect. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Of course supervision is necessary. However.
There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. < previous page page_96 next page > . These are ''old roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. they are easily handpicked. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. A sundial can be fun and also educational. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Children in this age group can help with the construction. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area." selected for their greater fragrance. too. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Instead of benches on the patio. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. Just keep a garden design for children simple.
< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. . A.L. Landscape Architect.S.A.
French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Tropaeolum minus. horehound 26.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium senescens var. lily leek 30.Lavandula angustifolia. summer savory 22. damask rose 32. Levisticum officinale. cottage pink 18. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Allium moly. 16. glaucum 31. Borago officinalis. 19.Nepeta cataria. dwarf 6. pot marigold 8. garden sage 24. Italian parsley 23. crispum.Calendula officinalis.rocambole 28.Allium tuberosum. lovage 12. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garlic chive 29.Salvia sclarea. American 21. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Chenopodium botrys.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. dyer's bush basil woad 9. ophioscorodon. alpine strawberry 3.Origanum majorana. southernwood 5. dill pennyroyal 11.Satureja hortensis. clary 25. Petroselinum crispum var. love-in-a-mist 14. English lavender 4. Nigella damascena. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium sativum var. Dianthus plumarius. English lavender 7. 13.Petroselinum crispum var. ambrosia 2.Hedeoma pulegioides.Rosa gallica. catnip 27.Salvia officinalis. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. borage 15.Artemisia abrotanum. neapolitanum.Artemisia camphorata. 20.Isatis tinctoria.Rosa damascena. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Marrubium vulgare. 1.Anethum graveolens.
was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. < previous page page_98 next page > . this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. previously used as a skating rink. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. not noted on the plan. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The oval. The sculptures. are a seal and a turtle. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. All are inviting to the touch. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent.
Landscape Architect.R.A. F. .A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.
tansy Monarda didyma. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. fat-hen Primula veris. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. Greek Stachys byzantina. chamomile Mentha. duckweed Antennaria. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. lousewort Viola canina. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. chive dandelion Allium sativum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. dog violet Lemna. Nepeta cataria. bee balm Satureja montana. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. coltsfoot Mimulus. borage Tanacetum vulgare. mint Tagetes. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. bee orchid Erigeron. cowslip Linaria. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . Foeniculum vulgare. mint Galium odoratum.Hedeoma pulegioides. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. Allium schoenoprasum. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. English Tussilago farfara. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. Trifolium pratense. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. fleabane Stellaria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. winter savory Mentha. pussy-toes Celosia cristata.
an exceedingly long one.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. Still. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. are superb for displaying potted herbs. feverfew. for an old barn foundation of stone. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. A number of wooden window frames. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. < previous page page_101 next page > . Instead. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. Here. Its plant list. Their height eases the task of weeding. a mint. developed particularly for study. and old barn beams another about the same height. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. it is a most satisfying growing situation. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. its wooden structure long gone.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
yarrow herb Robert 4.Chrysanthemum balsamita. praecox subsp.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. purple variegated garden sage 85.O.A.P. majorana. absinthe 51.Physalis heterophylla.Sium sisarum. celandine madder 79. southernwood ground cherry 10.T. 50.Achillea millefolium.Lychnis coronaria.Campanula rapunculus.A.T. pontica. catmint 63. 48.O.P. wormwood germander 9. golden marjoram 26. marsh mallow 13. lesser 67. white creeping thyme 97. Roman 46.T. betony 92. golden thyme 98. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Stachys grandifora 93. odorous thyme 104. angelica lemon geranium 5. sweet celandine marjoram 28.O. officinalis 'Purpurea'. camphor.Angelica archangelica.Digitalis lanata. mosquito plant 19. odoratissimum. winter savory 88.A.Salvia officinalis. southernwood houseleek 12. balm horehound 14.Geranium robertianum. 64. lemon 52. richardii subsp.Myrrhis odorata. officinalis 'Aurea'.Levisticum officinale. didyma 'Rosea'. herba-barona. rose sativa. purple basil English lavender 18.Genista tinctoria. rampion 81.T.Galium odoratum.Hyssopus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.Monarda didyma. 60. crispum. fern-leaf tansy 95.Rubia tinctorum. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. pallasianus. rosemary 82. golden variegated garden sage 86.Viola tricolor. Grecian 59.Rosmarinus officinalis.Satureja montana. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Asarum canadense.Alchemilla vulgaris. calamint valerian 24.T 'Argenteus'.Ocimum basilicum. viper's 65. 45. garden sage 84. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Sempervivum tectorum. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Chelidonium majus. 'Clear Gold'. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. St. rose costmary campion 23. praecox subsp.S.Pulmonaria officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'. silver thyme 105. abrotanum. 61. creeping veronica . pot marjoram bugloss 27.Melissa officinalis. woolly thyme 101.Veronica serpyllifolia.Campanula persicifolia.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp. 42. 54.O. beach 47.Valeriana officinalis.Calamintha grandiflora. pink 58.Plantago major.T. golden lemon thyme 99. sweet 53.Hypericum perforatum. basilicum 56.A.S.Tanacetum vulgare var. apple wormwood geranium 8.Echium vulgare.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. wild lemon basil ginger 16. lemon verbena 106. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Pelargonium crispum.A. pot marigold 25. French tarragon geranium 7. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. 55.T.Euphorbia cyparissias. officinalis 'Tricolor'. 66.Althaea officinalis. variegated garden sage 87. foxglove 2. caraway thyme 103. basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon thyme 100. alpine savory 89. 'Purpurascens'.Stachys officinalis. 43. stellerana.P. 44.Agastache cana. bee balm57.Ruta graveolens.-John'swort 91. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. thyme 102.M. 62.Ranunculus ficaria.Calendula officinalis.T. plantain 80.Viola odorata. sweet violet 40. crimson creeping thyme 96. camphorata. × citriodorus.Artemisia dracunculus var. bee balm lovage 20.Agastache foeniculum. graveolens.Digitalis purpurea.Teucrium chamaedrys.A. absinthium. onites. 1. rue 83. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Nepeta mussinii.Acinos alpinus. tomentosum.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 41. sweet cicely 94.S.T. basil blue hyssop 15. skirret 90.49.O. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Aloysia triphylla. nitidus.
Chrysanthemum 78.Helichrysum angustifolium. feverfew cinerariifolium.Yucca filamentosa.Symphytum officinale. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Isatis tinctoria. 73.Lilium candidum.Myrtus communis. apple mint 69.Primula veris. 114.Lysimachia vulgaris. chicory 70. × piperita var. cowslip 72. pineapple mint 31. dyer's woad 110.M.Origanum dictamnus. 71.M.Veronica officinalis.Cichorium intybus.V.Atriplex hortensis.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Anthriscus cerefolium.Chamaemelum nobile.Verbascum thapsus.Prunus pensylvanica. garlic 111. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Sorbaria sorbifolia. × gentilis. red mint comfrey 33.A. moth 113. veronica 108.Oenothera biennis.Laurus nobilis. chamomile 30. blattaria.Origanum vulgare. curry plant mullein 35.A. yucca 109. pin cherry 39. spicata. evening 77.29.Allium sativum. tree onion 112. chervil 68.Chrysanthemum 74.M. ostrowskianum 34. 76. orach115. oxeye daisy mullein 36. Proliferum Group. spearmint 107.Dianthus plumarius 75. orange mint 32. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Mentha suaveolens. wild 116. citrata. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.M. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.cepa.
< previous page page_104 next page > . and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. of good proportion for the size of the opening. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. A statue of St. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. but not obvious. Francis. its outline constructed of brick. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. A wheelshaped bed. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA VI japonica. menthifolia. poet's Solidago californica. Vetiveria zizanioides. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Eriobotrya japonica. loquat Cichorium intybus. only those not found on other lists are noted here. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. labdanum Cistus crispus. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. Cestrum nocturnum. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. lion's-ear prismaticum. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. potato Brassica eruca. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. Sidney Ephedra viridis. white Justicia carnea. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. cat Watsonia rosea. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. Eleocharis dulcis.
not only for hardiness where needed. an "old rose" and fragrant. The exterior brick path. and a third a culinary garden. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. < previous page page_106 next page > . a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. emphasizes the circle. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. scented-leaf geraniums. One is a garden of legends. another a Mary garden. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. but also for proper leaf size. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. or potpourri. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. to name a few. is a center of interest.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Santolina chamaecyparissus. angelica 2.Lamium album.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pot 26.Ornithogalum umbellatum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Viola tricolor.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. 1.Crocus sativus. saffron crocus marigold 7. black 23. chamomile 3. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . dill 11.Calendula officinalis. 27. blue 18. absinthe 4. Artemisia absinthium. rue 28.Origanum majorana. flax 17.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Rosmarinus officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium verum.Hedera helix. sweet 21. English thyme 13. Angelica archangelica. Chamaemelum nobile.Brassica nigra. white dead 24. Linum usitatissimum.Narcissus mustard 14. yellow 25. Anethum graveolens. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. English ivy rosemary 8. costmary 6. hyssop rose 9. chive bedstraw 16. spearmint 22.Mentha spicata.Ruta graveolens. Hyssopus officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12.Alchemilla vulgaris. garden up sage 10. lady's.Ocimum basilicum. pyrethrum 5.19. Johnny-jump. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.20.
this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. < previous page page_108 next page > .
rue Malva alcea var. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. lemon balm Mentha spicata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Myrrhis odorata. Cotinus coggygria. blue Lamium maculatum. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. clove Marrubium vulgare. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. sweet Myrtus communis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. perennial flax Galium odoratum. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. thyme Cnicus benedictus. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. Artemisia absinthium. bay Echeveria × imbricata. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. fastigiata. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. beach Monarda didyma. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Russian 'Prostratus'.
< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. Viewed from the terrace garden. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. millstones. features a closed knot of superior design. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. < previous page page_110 next page > . This is a general rule observed. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. The generous use of edgings. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. Appropriately used as accents. simply on a smaller scale. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. too. and huge. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year.
Routine clipping is required.L. of greater size than is commonly found.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. gray santolina 7. has its size dictated by a rule of design. that of good proportion. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Teucrium chamaedrys. lavender 5. Design plan of herb garden 1. angustifolia 'Munstead'. A. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. blue hyssop 3. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Tiny Rubies'.A. germander 2. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. Landscape Architect.S. The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. cheddar pink 4. green santolina 6. six feet in diameter. dwarf box . and the mulch.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Santolina virens.
quince Magnolia virginiana. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. beach plum Corylus avellana. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. japonica. plum Prunus maritima. dogwood Pinus nigra. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. honey locust Cornus florida. box Calycanthus fioridus. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. shadbush Salix caprea. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > .Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. black haw Prunus americana. goat willow Sassafras albidum. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. box Myrica pensylvanica. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus.
'Argenteus'. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. herba-barona. Currently. silver thyme T. its plant material varied. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. As a rule. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Annie Hall' T. caraway thyme T. and a miscellany of others. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. praecox subsp. Rosmarinus.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. doerfleri T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. Salvia. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Lavandula. However. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. arcticus T. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Doone Valley' . leucotrichus T.
ramie . praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. heterophylla. angustissimus. pine-scented rosemary R. dentata. golden variegated sage S. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. Mexican bush sage S. purple variegated garden sage S. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. golden rosemary R. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. praecox subsp. guaranitica. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. autumn sage S. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L.T. blue sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. golden thyme T. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. leucantha. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. crimson creeping thyme T. English lavender L. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Prostratus'. angustifolia subsp. vulgaris 'Albus' T. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. sweet lavender L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia. greggii. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. anise sage S. 'Clear Gold'. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia subsp. involucrata.
sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Physostegia virginiana. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. balmony. culinary. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. The house. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . a well beside the house.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. obedient plant. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Hesperis matronalis. Sium sisarum. Smith. family needsmedicinal. for scrubbing pots. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. constructed of brick made on the property. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. L. horsetail. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Prunella vulgaris. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. to sweeten the air. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Circumstances determined these priorities. Equisetum arvense. Cheloneglabra. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. to lure bees. used in salads or boiled. which were located between the water supply. rupturewort. Primarily. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Herniaria glabra. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The apple trees. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing.
for a few are in use now. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. too. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. < previous page page_116 next page > . Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. while functional. Today.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. too. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
pomegranate 3. 15.Lonicera sempervirens. 1. garlic 9.Allium sativum. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Lagerstroemia indica. bay 7.Sambucus canadensis.Lonicera flava. southern laciniata. yellow 12.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Laurus nobilis. rosemary 2. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . fig 6.Syringa × persica var.Rosa banksiae. 16.Ficus carica. Gardenia jasminoides. Cape jasmine 10.Prunus angustifolia.Pinus taeda. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. wisteria 13. Banksia rose 14.Rosmarinus officinalis.Wisteria frutescens.Malus angustifolia.Punica granatum. trumpet 11.
one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The effect would be quite different without them. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. too. Appropriately.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Italy. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. < previous page page_118 next page > . Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
43.Armoracia rusticana.Monarda punctata.Lonicera sempervirens. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Mentha spicata. hyssop sassafras 20.Symphytum officinale.Mentha pulegium. tansy 65. agrimony 58. spearmint 62.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Borago officinalis.Paeonia officinalis. 38.Asclepias tuberosa.Punica granatum.Populus balsamifera.Pinckneya pubens.Melissa officinalis. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. butterfly 32. peppermint 52.Teucrium chamaedrys.Buxus sempervirens.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. 1. mullein 49.Cimicifuga racemosa. dogwood horehound 18. fennel 40.Lilium candidum. myrtle 53.Ilex vomitoria. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Artemisia dracunculus var. pot 48.Asarum virginicum.Galium odoratum. 30.Calendula officinalis. blue 44.Levisticum officinale. black 29. sweet 64.Lobelia siphilitica. St. wild ginger69.Laurus nobilis. senna woodruff 15.Vinca minor.Foeniculum vulgare.Crocus sativus. 50.Ruta graveolens.Agrimonia eupatoria.Verbascum thapsus.Chimaphila umbellata. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Xanthoriza simplicissima. 45. yaupon pink southernwood 12.57.Allium schoenoprasum. foxglove 41. horsemint lobelia 23. 63. sativa.Monarda didyma. borage 31.Hamamelis virginiana. box chamomile 9. clove 36.Achillea millefolium. sweet flag marigold 24.Lindera benzoin.Dianthus caryophyllus.Hyssopus officinalis. trumpet honeysuckle 4. bee balm 28.Ilex opaca.Rubus allegheniensis. lovage 35. saffron crocus 25.Acorus calamus.Chamaemelum nobile.Rosa laevigata. 37.Artemisia abrotanum. basil chive 3. 54. sweet shrub 10. catnip 34.Sassafras albidum. 55.Mentha × piperita. sweet 27.Pulmonaria officinalis. blue 46.Hypericum perforatum.Elizabeth Lawrence.Nepeta cataria. great 47. 60. 70. balm autumn crocus 2. 33. 61. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Lavandula angustifolia. 42.Cassia marilandica. 66.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Colchicum autumnale. white periwinkle spicebush 13. garden sage 59. peony 51. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. rue 56.Anethum graveolens.Cornus florida. yellow-root 7.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. yarrow lungwort 22.Dipsacus sativus. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Gaultheria procumbens. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . lemon 26. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. fuller's teasel 67.Marrubium vulgare. 68.Calycanthus fioridus. American holly 16. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. dill 39.
Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. preventives. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. This is true for the remedies. < previous page page_120 next page > . Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. of herbs for one loaf of bread. In any event. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. and fragrances they developed. 1 T. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning.
Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. foxglove 12. sweet marjoram 6.Satureja montana. quince 24. black haw 23. caraway 19. spearmint 17.Monarda punctata. garden sage 8. absinthe 9.Ocimum basilicum. winter savory 4. pot marigold 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. lavender lovage 3.Mentha × piperita.Mentha spicata. sweet basil 13.Salvia officinalis.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . opium poppy 5.Pyrus communis.Papaver somniferum.Cydonia oblonga. horehound 15. English thyme rosemary 7.Nepeta cataria. tansy 11. blue hyssop 21.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. horsemint 20. peppermint 18. 1. catnip 16.Carum carvi.Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia. Calendula officinalis.Digitalis purpurea.Marrubium vulgare.Viburnum prunifolium.Origanum majorana. apothecary's rose 22. English 10. 14.
The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. the other 1761. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. to study it. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. often it is reconstructed. Allowed such freedom of expression. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and if the best has not always survived. one dated 1759. Shaded by hop vines. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. Some could be used singly. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Thus it was for this garden. and bricks raise the beds. The beds are used to achieve balance. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. from early Moravian settlements. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. centrally located. for example the large square bed with circular path. makes it something of a focal point. < previous page page_122 next page > .< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. The main paths of brick unify the garden.
A.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. . Campbell. Landscape Architect.A.S.L.
clary 30.Vitis. blue 69. elecampane 11.Salvia sclarea. polyanthus narcissus 60.Rosa eglanteria.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosa damascena.Tropaeolum majus. English thyme 2. fennel marjoram 28.Cercis canadensis.Bellis perennis. damask coriander rose 19.Celosia cristata.Borago officinalis.Nepeta cataria. garden sage 15. garlic lungwort 36.Asparagus officinalis.Cornusflorida.Allium sativum. blessed thistle 8.Rumex acetosa. orach 76.Rosa roxburghii.Salvia officinalis.Coriandrum sativum.Humulus lupulus.Artemisia abrotanum. catnip 70.Mentha spicata. poet's narcissus 61.Anethum graveolens.Tropaeolum minus.Amaranthus caudatus. spearmint 57.Origanum majorana.Althaea officinalis. chestnut rose 43. garden nasturtium 12.Nigella sativa. betony 82.Inula helenium.Armoracia rusticana. 1. marsh mallow 7.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Petroselinum crispum. holy thistle 58. virgin's bower 40.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa moschata.Salvia viridis.Achillea millefolium. corn poppy 79. asparagus 31. sweet 71.Mentha × piperita. 62.Atriplex hortensis. rhubarb 10. 54. eglantine Group.Narcissus tazetta.Scabiosa atropurpurea. rue 14. grape larkspur 41. Carolina jessamine 38. 48. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Rosa gallica. hyssop maypop 42.Rubia tinctorum. blue 63.Ruta graveolens. stock 50.Hydrangea quercifolia. yarrow 4. lemon 64. chamomile 17.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Artemisia absinthium. basil moss rose 44.77.Symphytum officinale.Cnicus benedictus.Stachys officinalis. 80.Alcea rosea. absinthe 45. clove 53. French rose 18. 74. lovage 9.Gelsemium sempervirens.Artemisia vulgaris.Hyssopus officinalis. madder 16. 66. mugwort67.Lilium candidum.The number in each planting area is the key number. 68.Consolida ambigua.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. 52. columbine 29. English 78. daisy crape myrtle 23. sweet 55.Foeniculum vulgare. tansy 6. 81.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dill 73. parsley 32.Aquilegia vulgaris.Colchicum autumnale.Papaver rhoeas.Lagerstroemia indica.Matthiola incana.Saponaria officinalis. borage 5. hop southernwood 39.Magnolia grandiflora.Rosa centifolia. black cumin 46. comfrey 33. redbud 24.Dianthus caryophyllus. balm chive 37. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Passiflora incarnata. love. cockscomb 47.Marrubium vulgare. horehound 56. Madonna lily 59.Ficus. cabbage angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum. lavender rose 21.Levisticum officinale.Carum carvi. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. caraway 72.Crocus sativus. red pepper 20.Clematis virginiana. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Narcissus poeticus.Silybum marianum. rosemary49.Rheum rhabarbarum. dwarf nasturtium 13. hollyhock 51. sorrel 65. annual clary 3. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Chamaemelum nobile.Pulmonaria officinalis. autumn crocus 34.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
Calluna (heather). A ravine and existing. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. This space was never adequate. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Usually this is least desirable. even boggy. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Thus. The next most desirable exposure. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. far from the house. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . The lesser the scale. Although some observations may seem obvious. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. the western. and the north point is established. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. First. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. it is proper to make a trial run.
but it need not be identical. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The general outline is similar. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. certainly not precisely the same. It was a pleasurable assignment. Indeed. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The outline is fixed. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. as the drawing on p.ground where drainage is better. a driveway on still another. Culinary herbs will fill a large. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. and the search did not take long. There is the housegarage structure on one side. and the property line on the last. The. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. single bed. 127 indicates. < previous page page_126 next page > . The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. another is close to the rear of the house. all four sides are so determined. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The new herb garden has been located. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Then.
and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. then north. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. this low wall will enclose the garden area. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. something is amiss. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. There was no . Two drawings were required to work out problems. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. as in this case. If. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. In fact. forming the outer boundary of the service path. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. In addition. With the plan established. If all is well. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
not one completed in a weekend. a lapped joint was fashioned. the eight-foot length was more practical. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. In this area. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In this case. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. Before edgings could be put in place. the site required some leveling. eight. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. However. A structural edging was in order. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. however. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. admittedly. . at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. this was. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and the finished edging would be effective. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. However. At corners. In the earlier stage of planning. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
Aged compost. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. filling the beds with soil was next. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. this same base underlies all the paths. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. This method of treatment now guarantees . so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. A choice of five colors was available. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Paving for the terraced area is brick. could serve this purpose. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. The latter need to be more substantially paved. The pattern is running bond. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. One is the ramp to the driveway. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Unfortunately. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. selected for its simplicity. leaves. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Weeds. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Heavy black plastic. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. sand. had been proof of that. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. but there are exits to different levels. for they will likely have more traffic.
All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. on a trial run of one course of brick. However. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. worth the added cost. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . even bed for the pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber.
It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. Herbs have flourished in the beds. for it would interfere with the drainage system. and the steps to other levels. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. With the completion of the paths.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. . No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds." their construction can be somewhat varied. since that path borders the house. Sometimes called "rubble drains. converging where it was logical to do so. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. the terraced area. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. learned about decades earlier. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. French drains. In this instance.
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CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. hundredths of an inch. for example. is symmetrical. twelfths of an inch. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. in inches. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. not necessarily referable to botanical species. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. and so on. often a wall or trellis. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . a garden plan. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. albula. sixteenths of an inch. having a variety of gradations. and so on. E EllipseAn oval. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. in tenths of an inch. Its arrow points north and. for example. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. casts the shadow for the hour.
its compartments filled with flowers. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. ForthrightA straight course or path. a flat. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. GrindstoneMillstone. or colored earths. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Pea gravelSmall. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. roofed structure usually open on the sides.3. G GazeboA freestanding. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. Usually a few inches thick. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. a patterned garden. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. loose. rounded fragments of rock. heated especially by fermenting manure. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. turf.brick) in the same course.3). GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. M ManufactoryA factory. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. also called rubble drain. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone.
an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .
Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. walls. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. V VarietyA category below species.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. TreillageLatticework for vines. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Stone. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Turf seatBanked-up earth. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. cutting. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. called also a hose cock. R Rose. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. snug fit for walks. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. not treelike or with a single trunk. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. ranking between species and variety. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. often planted with aromatic herbs. < previous page page_132 next page > . W Wall. or steps. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species.
Flannery. Terrace. Rosemary F. Doran & Co. British Plants. H.. Frances A. 1942. New York: E. John Philip. Bardswell. Sylvia. London: Country Life. 1970. The Herb Garden. Liberty Hyde. New York: Crown Publishers. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. New York: Dover. Daniel J. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1980. Brownlow. Bailey Hortorium. Berrall. Mo. New York: Macmillan. London: Saturn Press. Darrah. 1963. Sydney: B. New York: Macmillan. . Coats. 1958. 1911. P. 1933. Baumgardt. and Garden.: Buckeye Printing Co. P. How Plants Get Their Names. 1972. 1938. 1976. Garden Design. Erichsen-Brown. Dutton & Co. New York: Simon and Schuster. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Cross.. Park's Success with Herbs. Charlotte. Gertrude B. Herbs and the Earth.. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Agnes. Fox. 1966. 1935. New York: Macmillan. Putnam's Sons. . Greenwood. Harriet Ballard. H. Alice Morse. Garden City: Doubleday. New York: Viking Press. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Foster. 1951. Henry. Green Enchantment. The Small Garden. Rosetta E. 1902. 1982. 1951. Julia S. Peter.C. L. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1944. London: Marshall Cavendish. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. T. New York. Margaret E. Herbsfor Every Garden. Helen Morgenthau. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. . 1966. Toronto. John.. Batsford. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Clarkson. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1971. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Jot. Behme. Beston. ed. Edlin. Sevenoaks. and Accessories. Hanging Plants for Home. Park Seed Co. The Garden (An Illustrated History). 1962. Carpenter. New York: Hawthorne Books. and Louden. Brookes. London. 1972. Crowe. 1979. 1957. L. Helen H. 1977. New York: G. Bailey. Hortus Third. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Complements. New York: Viking Press. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Robert Lee. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Staff of. 1980. Kent: The Herb Farm. Aurora.: Geo. 1961.. 1973. Seal. London: Macmillan. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. New York: Macmillan. Book of the Geranium. Roses. The Cultivated Basils.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Foley. Prof. S. Independence. Earle. John E. W. Foster. 1971. Gertrude B. Room Outside. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 14701670. Herbals.
Rev. Simmons. Ann. New York: Dover. Dutton & Co. Lawrence. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Ireys. Roses of the World in Color. Leighton. 1938. New York: Harper & Bros. P.. 1971. Landscaping with Vines. Howard. New York: Viking Press. 1970. New York: Van Nostrand. 1976. and Alma L. Geraniums for Home and Garden.. 1946. Patrick M. How to Select. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1971. London: Faber and Faber. 1981. London: George Routledge & Sons. Adelma G.C. Shaker Herbs. Mass. and Back. Philippa. New York: Clarkson N. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. M. New York: Doubleday. Vegetable Dyeing. Eigel. A Garden of Herbs. Vicenza. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Brown & Co. Lawrence. Alma. Lesch. Kiaer. 1983. New York: De La Mare. Muenscher.: Chronica Botanica Co. . Waltham. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Pa. P. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Tucson: H. Flowers of the Field. Division Billboard Publications. Claire. Johnson.. New York: Macmillan. Boston. (1st American edition trans. Alice Recknagel.. 1959. Dorothy Bovee. Frances. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Amy Bess. Horace. ed.) Rohde. 2d ed. J. The Herb Garden. Johns. Moldenke. How to Landscape Your Grounds. M. chemist. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Walter. Elizabeth. 1951. 1978. The Berry Book. Franco. Loewenfeld. 1974. Sarah. 1964. Herbs. Mary U. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Krauss. Bernard Hickey. 1976. Hamel. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Neri. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. 1969. Lerner. 1961. 1969. George H. Carol. Sylva. N. New York: Macmillan. 1911. Robert. Loewenfeld.. Miller. and Synge. Myron. Grieve. New York: Dover.. 1974.: Herald Publishing Co. and Chiltoskey. Jr. McFarland. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. The Book of Spices. New York: Crown Publishers. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Mrs. Harold N. Helen K. Plants of the Bible. < previous page page_133 next page > .: Livingston Pub. 1979. 1975. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.. Wynnewood. 1966. A Biblical Garden. Grow and Enjoy. Cherokee Plants. Claire. Modern Herbal. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Gardens in Winter. 1973. New York: William Morrow & Co.. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. New York: William Morrow and Co. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.Garland. Hay. Rosengarten. 1982. Loyal R.. Toronto: Little. 1952. Jones.. Lathrop.. C. Norma Jean. The Art of Dyeing. 1975. Co. and Rice. and Brunello. Hendrickson. New York: Macmillan. Frederic. Paul B. 1970. A. Boston. 1972.. Italy. Books. Pozza. Roy. Eleanour Sinclair. Early American Gardens. New York: E. Potter. 1981.
Margaret Osborn Holt. Berkeley Brandt. and Robert B. New ed. William C.. Benjamin McF. Martin's. Charlotte. Meyer.A.. Fragrance in the Garden. New York: McGraw-Hill. Mrs. C. Thacker. Z. Donald Paxton. Herbert G. Neil Hamill Park.A. 1972. Taylor. Elizabeth Lawrence.S. Stuart. A. William T. Taloumis. Tarantino. Mrs. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. New York.. New York: Farrar. Mrs. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Cozart. New York: Simon & Schuster.: Garden Way. . James D. 1979. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Mrs. L.A.A. Malcolm. Michael. Jr. L. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Alfred L. Bradner. Building Stone Walls. 1962. L. L. James C. Mrs. The History of Gardens. Plimpton. London: Phoenix House. Mrs. 1957. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Stearn. Boston: Ralph T. Mr. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Indianapolis. Norman. Melissa R. Peter M.A. Mrs. George T. Mrs. Winthrop G. Vera Breed.. Bates. A. Price. Linda. 1974. A. William Y Dear. Landscape Architecture. Baker.A. 1953. Martin's Press.A.L.. W. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.. Boerner.. Katherine S. Ingersoll. .R. Jr. Mrs. Henry Gund. L. Smith.A. New York: St. Jack Emil Geist.. Austin R. Graham.A. Associate. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. F. Wilson.. John. L. Mrs. Mrs. William Radler. Marion E. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Martha Dahlen. 1972. 1982. The Fragrant Year.. New York: Simon & Schuster. William W. L. Plants of the Bible.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.A. Vivian. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Singleton. Leonard Dreyfuss.S. Thomas. Revised by Dr. 1966.L. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. L. Esther. New York: William Morrow & Co. Zohary. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Robert K. Griffin.A. Charles Patch. 1979. 1975. L. and Bell. Giroux. Shrub Roses of Today. Wilder. Robert G. H. Gannaway. L. Christopher. Sherry D.. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Marshall. Toronto: Van Nostrand.. L. T. New York: St.. A. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Moffit.D.. Weber. Bush. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Mrs. Hines. and Mrs. Helen Noyes.A. McGarry.The Old Shrub Roses. Sandy Hicks. Madalene Hill. George. The Fragrant Garden. W T.A. London: Phoenix House.L. L. Mrs. 1931. ed. The Shakespeare Garden. Helen Van Pelt. Nelva M. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs.. A.A. Container Gardening Outdoors. L. Mrs. New York: William Farquhar Payson. 1965. Campbell. Straus. Amy Bess Miller.. 1972. Mrs. L. . Morss. 1979. Webster. Rev.. Botanical Latin.A. 1942. Climbing Roses Old and New.S. White. Pees. Jr. New York: Hafner.. . New York. Graham Stuart. Frank M. Bleecker. Stearn. Barbara Capen. New York: Doubleday. Hammond Crawford.. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Maxton Davies. Charles L. Mrs. Elisabeth W. 1953. Susan W.. Keebler. 1976. Mrs. Yang. 1961. ed. Louise Beebe.. John Poinier. Martin.A. Mrs. Paxton. Leonie. Mrs. Philip Batchelder. 1976. Jo Lohmolder.A. William T.. Mrs. Rhoda Specht. Bynam. Lamm. Virginia B.. 1967.A. Vt. Herbs in the Garden. Hale & Co. New York: Dover. Diane C. John Ormsbee. Raymond V. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
C. Roberts. Mansfield. Linda Yang. Hales Corners. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P..A.. Helen M. Talbot III.. Derthick. Pawtucket. Greenland. L.I. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Hancock. L. Isadore L. and Mrs. Milton C. Faith H. Harper.. Semple. Nathan Sameth. Ark. Joe H. Wilcox. Inc. Smith (Ann Leighton). Plain Dealer Photo. Mich. N.. civic.. Ann Arbor. Winston-Salem. < previous page page_134 next page > . Ohio. Eloise andJo Ray. Kingwood Center. Timothy Procter Ruh. N. Milton Stricker. The following provided historical. Walter Rebmann. James F. Mich. Inc.A. Lansing. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America.. Wisc.. Mr. Ohio.Rady. The Country Doctor Museum. Matthew Miksch House. Western Reserve Herb Society. Joan E. Mrs. Little Rock.. John A. Mrs. Mrs. Atlanta Historical Society. Skinner. R. Architect. L. Cleveland.C. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Ga. Old Salem.. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Mrs. Rose.. L.A. Christopher Spencer. Swanson. James S. Gayle.H. Shaker Community. Lawrence Schetky. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Frederick E.. Mrs. University of Michigan. Booker Worthen. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Mrs. Old Slater Mill Museum. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Eric Duke Scott... Hancock Shaker Village. Mass. N. Weeks Brick House. Mrs. L. Bailey.. Jean Ruh. Elbert Smith.A. Whitman. G. Christopher Rady. Linda Yang. Atlanta. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Edmund G. Mrs. Michigan State University. Mrs.
sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. A. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. officinalis. A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Narcissus triandrus.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. azoricum. Myrrhis odorata. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. maritima L. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . E. barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. C. A.
grandiflorus Melissa M. G. officinalis Populus. P. officinalis. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Lamium album Viburnum. V. false Galium aristatum. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. melongena var. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. lycopersicum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. ludoviciana var. acerifolium. S.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. albula A. P. F. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. Solanum aculeatissimum S. V. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. M. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. podagraria Asparagus A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. laevis Rhododendron . Monarda didyma Crataegus. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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vulgaris A. P.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Mertensia virginica. angustifolia. alpina 'Alba' A. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. coronaria . cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. M. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. chrysantha Symphytum S. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. oleracea. B.
alpinum R. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. M. macrocarpon.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. V. maculatum G. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. B. angustifolia. Italian D Daffodil M. C. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. alpinum R. V. verna. pseudonarcissus miniature N. B. coronaria. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. sativum R. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. N. ioensis Vaccinium. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. M. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G.
frutescens C. C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. obtusifolius R. Sansevieria. crispus. H. R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. acetosa. rivieri. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. lilioasphodelus H. lilioasphodelus. T officinale Bellis. obtusifolius Rumex R. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. A. D. A. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. R. Ferocactus latispinus. Hosta H.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. triphyllum . crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. x superbum Hemerocallis. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C.
Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Gnaphalium. gymnocarpa. C. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. N. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. S. pungens Sambucus S. ragusina. damascena.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. arvensis. Antennaria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Senecio cineraria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Helichrysum. Lychnis coronaria. C. azoricum Nigella. Centaurea cineraria. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. N.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
americana Foeniculum vulgare var.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. L. carica F. regalis Adiantum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. O. P. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. Osmunda. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. usitatissimum L. versicolor. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. A. I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica Corylus C. I. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.× germanica I. perenne .
× germanica Myosotis M. grossularioides P radens P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . quercifolium P. sativum var. lanata D. tuberosum A. Pelargonium. × limoneum P. Fumaria C.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. odoratissimum P. purpurea D. × hortorum P. I. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. sphaerocephalum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. P. lutea Allium sativum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. scorodoprasum A. neapolitanum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium.
tomentosum P. denticulatum P. T. canadense. Tragopogon. canadense T. capitatum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. officinale Z. abrotanifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P. pratensis . P. quercifolium P. T. × nervosum P. A. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. crispum P. tomentosum P. × citrosum P. graveolens P. A. glutinosum. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. chamaedrys T. Z. × jatrophifolium P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium.
vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. C. Vitis monticola. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . M. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. torquata E. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Oxalis deppei.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. V. nervosa V. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C.
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
W. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. triacanthos G. G. L. C. Ophiopogon L. Pulmonaria . Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Lythrum. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. majalis Liriope. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena.
C. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. A. erecta T. tenuifolia T. alcea var. Malva. M. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. grandiflora M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. Malva. erecta T.blue M Mace. M. patula Calendula officinalis T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. lucida . stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. pedatum Hibiscus. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. erecta T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
citrata M. S. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. × piperita var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. A. citrata M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . requienii M. vulgare O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. dictamnus O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. suaveolens M. major. O. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Astrantia. onites O. citrata M. piperita var. aquatica var. crispii M. majorana O. × piperita var. Spiraea alba. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata. vulgare O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. R. majorana O.
Azolla caroliniana. olympicum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. vulgaris A. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. V. alba Verbascum. V. lactiflora Morus M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. A.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. M. Umbellularia californica. communis. Myrtus. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . thapsus V. rubra M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. × gentilis M. Myrrhis odorata.
minus T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. V. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. poeticus N. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. tazetta Tropaeolum T. V. P. majus T. nudum. album L.
fragrans O. Proliferum Group A. cepa. S. fistulosum Atriplex. A. hortensis A. vulgare var. fragrans Allium. A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. O. telephium Iris × germanica var. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. cepa. fistulosum A. I.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. C. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa A. Scilla verna. Castilleja californica. florentina. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum.
A. neopolitanum Pastinaca. patens. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. lactiflora P lactiflora P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. crispum P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. P. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. A. crispum var.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' .
C. P frutescens Catharanthus. annuum. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. Piper C. C. C. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Grossum Group C. Marsilea Perilla. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Longum Group C. retroflexus. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . paniculata P. annuum. frutescens C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. C. annuum. A. Chenopodium. C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. C. roseus C.
C. Plantago P. Prunus japonica. americana . cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. M. × paradisiaca. P salicina P angustifolia. angustifolia var. P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. plumarius D. caryophyllus D. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. Silene laciniata. taeda P. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. umbellata var. watsonii P maritima P. gratianopolitanus D. C. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. alpinus D. officinalis Dianthus D. umbellata var.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius. taeda Chimaphila.
0. biennis P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. vulgare Lithospermum. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. rhoeas P. S. balsamifera P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. E.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. L. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. Liriodendron tulipifera P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .
rhabarbarum R. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Diplotaxis. R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. A. sativum var. C. coccineum C. C. pepo C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. P. canadensis C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. pepo Portulaca. Hesperis .
dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. canina R. banksiae R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. sativa Rosa R. damascena 'Bifera' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana Kerria. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica R. damascena R. chinensis 'Minima' R. laevigata R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. Rosa chinensis R. spinosissima R. × borboniana R. × harisonii R. moschata . roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. canina. R. centifolia R. Rubus coronarius R. × borboniana R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp.
R. officinalis Limonium R. microphylla S. pitcheri S. S. greggii S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Rosmarinus. Salvia hierosolymitana . officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. rugosa R. officinalis S. azurea subsp. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. guaranitica S. angustissimus R. setigera R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. × rehderana R. clevelandii S. caerula. sclarea S.
Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. chamaecyparissus S. neapolitana S. S. montana Scabiosa S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. P. Salicornia. chamaecyparissus S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. elegans S. S. marilandica Amelanchier . europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. leucantha S. leucophylla S. A. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. S. maritimum E. C. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. virens. hebecarpa. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. guaranitica S. T. halimus Crithmum maritimum. viridis S.
canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A.
spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. nivalis Lamium album. P. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. C. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. P. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. G.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria C. biflorum . coggygria Cotinus. coggygria. americana. V.
patulum. E. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. H. L. S.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. crassipes O. V. pyrenaicum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. japonica Sorbaria. O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . officinalis thyme-leaved V. O. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. Ornithogalum arabicum. H. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. R.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. scutatus R. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. acetosa.
pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. dracunculus var. floridus Philadelphus . incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. O. crispum T. C. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. chiloensis F. incana M. vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. vesca F. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vulgare var. M. incana M. perennis. O. vulgare var. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. T vulgare T.
× citriodorus T. 'Argenteus' T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. Silybum marianum S. A. praecox T. sylvestris D. C. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. E. T. laevigata Eupatorium. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. arcticus T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. marianum S. 'Clear Gold' T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . praecox subsp. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. marianum S. 'Broad-leaf English' T. phaenopyrum C. pallasianus T. maritima Thymus. benedictus. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria.
praecox subsp. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. sanctum Tulipa T. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. alata Lycopersicon. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum L. lycopersicum var. sanctum O. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. peruviana P. pruinosa. Physalis peruviana L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. P. P. noli-tangere. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . cerasiforme. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. I. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Coreopsis Linaria. L. C. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens.
cornuta 'Alba' V. C. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. caprea . Chimaphila. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. caeruleum Clematis. V riviniana Viola odorata V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. P. cornuta V. C. odorata V. odorata V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. officinalis Polemonium. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. canina.
Chenopodium ambrosioides C. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. frigida A. Vanilla barbellata A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. I. W.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. pontica. V. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Stachys . discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. gmelinii A. Gaultheria procumbens. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. ambrosioides Artemisia. caprea. Corydalis sempervirens A. verticillata Chimaphila. annua A. camphorata A. nudum Isatis I. absinthium A. S. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana.
C.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. tomentosa Ilex cassine. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. millefolium A. X. simplicissima Cladrastis. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . I. vomitoria I. filipendulina A. × media 'Hicksii' T. lutea. taygetea A. ageratum A.
filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. Indian mallow China jute. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. nose-bleed. h. alpinus Aconitum A. parlor m. napellus Acorus A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. ageratum A. five-finger f. millefolium A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. fennel g.. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . maidenhair American maidenhair. blue giant hyssop. thousand-seal. foeniculum Agave A. Indian mallow. theophrasti Acacia A. maidenhair fern. fragrant g.. breviflora A. sanguinary. monkshood helmut flower. yarrow sneezeweed. fourcroydes sweet flag. cana A. calamus maidenhair fern. monkshood flowering maple. longifolia Achillea A. butter-print. pedatum Agastache A. h. lion's tail anise hyssop. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. taygetea A. calamus Adiantum A.
fistulosum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . cocklebur. Spanish o. garlic rocambole. two-bladed o. cive. ciboule. Japanese bunching o. reptans Alcea A.. serpent garlic chive. moly A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. eupatoria Agrostemma A. purple c. githago Ajuga A.. tree o. hemp plant agrimony. senescens var. ophioscorodon A. rosea Alchemilla A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. schoenoprasum A. Pulchellum A. neapolitanum A. vulgaris Allium A. Rosenbachianum A. flowering o. sativum A.A. flavum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o.. sisalana Agrimonia A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. sisal hemp. alpina A.. scorodoprasum A. christophii A. ostrowskianum A. sativum var. karataviense A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. lily leek daffodil garlic. giganteum A.
tinctoria Anthriscus A. garlic c. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. medicinal a.. Oriental garlic . bugloss windflower. officinalis Amaranthus A. caudatus Amelanchier A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. officinalis Anemone A. shadbush. marschalliana A. archangel. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. triphylla Althaea A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. pulsatilla Anethum A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A.glaucum A. bugloss alkanet. white m. sphaerocephalum A. cerefolium chervil angelica. shad.. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. hupehensis var.. barbadensis Aloysia A. japonica A. canadensis Amsonia A. officinarum Anchusa A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. juneberry. Curasao a. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. tuberosum Aloe A. Barbados a. blanda A.
manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. chrysantha A. alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A. graveolens var. European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A.
abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. sandberry. triphyllum A. pink or white horseradish. mugwort. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. sea pink thrift. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. mealberry. albula A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. dracontium A. triphyllum subsp. wormwood southernwood. old man southernwood absinthe. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. maritima Armoracia A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. camphorata A. creashak green-dragon. mountain box. annua A. arborescens A. europaeum A. kinnikinick. red cole sagebrush. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. asarabacca wild ginger. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. hog cranberry. pontica A. gmelinii A. stewardsonii Armeria A. frigida A. bear's grape. virginicum bearberry. lactiflora A. Ludoviciana var. sativa A. canadense A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . rusticana Artemisia A. dracunculus var.
saltbush orach. australis B. c.Asclepias A. c. tinctoria Barbarea B. s. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. wild indigo blue false indigo. silkweed. pleurisy root. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. wild blue i. mountain spinach false indigo. piprage beet swiss chard. rattleweed winter cress. mustard . butterfly flower butterfly weed. i. China grass borage borage. garden o. vulgaris. officinalis Astrantia A. halimus A. wild indigo. vulgaris Bellis B.. s. papyrifera Boehmeria B. cool-tankard cole. B.. major Atriplex A. plains f. nivea Borago B. tuberosa Asparagus A. hortensis B Baptista B. orach sea orach. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. Chinese silk plant. talewort. ruby s. tuberroot. rocket. jaundice berry. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. c. c. vulgaris Beta milkweed. yellow r. upland cress winter cress. ruby s. perennis Berberis B.
microphylla var. white-flowered k.. carpatica C. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. sempervirens B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. eruca B. strawberry s. koreana B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Nana' B. officinalis Calycanthus C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. pineapple s.. grandiflora Calendula C.B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.
sweet pepper.. p. p. p. o. trumpet flower. C. o. o. o. p. p. o.. s. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. cow-itch. p. s. o. rapunculus Campsis C. s. bell p. persicifolia C. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. pimento sweet pepper s.C. p. o. trumpet vine. green p. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. < previous page page_147 next page > . chili p. green p. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. p. red p.. p..
shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Madagascar periwinkle. deodara Celosia C. chili p. marilandica Catharanthus C. shellbark h.. tinctorius Carum C. nobile Chelidonium C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. garden c. ovata Cassia C. bastard s.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud.. celandine celandine turtlehead. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. frutescens Carthamus C.. Tabasco p. capsicum p. Tabasco-sauce p. majus Chelone cayenne p. snakehead . canariensis Cedrus C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C... senna. carvi Carya C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. Russian c. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. red p. false saffron. cristata Cercis C. illinoinensis C.
lanuginosa 'Alba' C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. bonus-henricus C. fat hen ambrosia. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. × superbum Cichorium C. parthenium C. Dalmatia p. old-man's-beard costmary. virgin's bower. dwarf 1. devil's-darning- . ladanifer Citrus C..C. pyrethum. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. glabra Chenopodium C.. leather flower. red-leaved chicory bugbane. wintergreen. coccineum C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. intybus Cimicifuga C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. ambrosioides C. wormseed. botrys Chimaphila C. barbe-de-capuchin. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. Spanish t. cinerariifolium C. lutea Clematis C. frutescens C. mint geranium. × jouiniana 'Mrs. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. alecost pyrethrum. rattletop black cohosh. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. pigweed Mexican tea. Chinese dwarf 1. American w. virginicus Chrysanthemum C.. racemosa Cistus C. wax flower. Meyer 1. virgilia virgin's bower. leucanthemum C.. Robert Brydon' C. feather geranium. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. crispus C. leather flower. balsamita C. umbellata Chionanthus C.
cneorum Coptis C. orientalis Convallaria C. laevigata C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. Venetian sumac. florida Corylus C. ambigua C. trifolia Coreopsis C. smokebush. benedictus Coix C. smokebush smoke tree. sativum Cornus C. arkansana C. Chinese parsley dogwood.needle Cnicus C.. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. majalis Convolvulus C. red haw hawthorn English h. avellana Cotinus C. quick-set. apiculatus Crataegus C. thorn. thorn apple. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . coggygria Cotoneaster C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. autumnale Comptonia C. smoke plant. peregrina Consolida C. tinctoria Coriandrum C.
. tomasinianus Cupressus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. angustifolius C. speciosus 'Albus' C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. citratus Cytisus C. gracilis Dianthus D. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.C. sempervirens Cydonia C.. sativus C. maritimum Crocus C. × allwoodii D. kotschyanus C. speciosus C. scoparius C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. sieberi C. West Indian 1.
< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. grandiflora D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. spectabilis Dictamnus D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. sativus D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. pardalianches E Echeveria E. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . sylvestris Doronicum D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. gas plant. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. carnation. burning bush. lanata D.
horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. torquata Euonymus E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. viridis Epimedium E. rugosum v. J.. gum tree. jacinth. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. b. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. hyemale Eranthis E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. epimedium barrenwort. plum eryngo sea holly. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. pungens Eleocharis E. californica Eucalyptus E. ironbark.E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. dulcis Endymion E. perfoliatum E. sea eryngo California poppy C. poppy eucalypt. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. Japanese medlar. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . S. arvense E. sea holm. japonica Eryngium E. Australian gum. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. blueweed.
vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. a. vulgare F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. imperialis Fumaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vulgare var. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . finocchio.s.s.Euphorbia E. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. ulmaria F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. alpine s. major Fragaria F. vulgare F. assafoetida Ficus F. chiloensis F. cyparissias F Ferula F. a. a.s. sow-teat s. vulgare subsp.
hederacea Gleditsia G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. Carolina jessamine Genista G. nivalis Galium G. Carolina jasmine G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. dyer's greenweed. verum Gardenia G. Capejasmine wintergreen. ground ivy. robertianum Glechoma G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. tinctoria Geranium G. woodwaxen. wild c. gardenia. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. Carolina yellow j.. cleavers white bedstraw. odoratum G. germanica G.. checkerberry.. field balm. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. maculatum G. sweet w. mollugo G. our-lady's-b. mountain tea. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. runaway robin.. false baby's-breath woodruff. pulegioides American pennyroyal. woodroof yellow bedstraw. triacanthos Gossypium G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. teaberry.. hexapetala G Galanthus G. spotted c. mock p. honey locust. alumroot herb Robert. red Robin . hirsutum H Hamamelis H. virginiana Hedeoma H. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.F. vernalis H.
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Deccan h. daylily . rose m. flavescens Helenium H. Chinese hibiscus.. lilioasphodelus H. corsicus H. garland 1. petiolatum Heliotropium H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. foetidus H.. matronalis Hibiscus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. blacking plant plantain lily. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. China rose.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. mallow. giant m. Deckaner h. Hawaiian h. glabra Hesperis H. angustifolium H. curry plant false licorice. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. turnsole heliotrope. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. sweet r. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. orientalis Hemerocallis H. arborescens Helleborus H.. hibiscus kenaf. niger H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. bastard jute.. × luteola Herniaria H. licorice plant heliotrope. lividus subsp. cannabinus H.. bimlipatum j. atrorubens H. rose-of-China.. bimli j. Indian hemp. lemon d.
perforatum Hyssopus H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. .. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. horned h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.-John's-wort St. crenata var. navelwort gotu kola St. quercifolia Hydrastis H. European h. rose h. lupulus Hydrangea H. white h.-John's-wort St.H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. box-leaved h. orangeroot. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. Burford's holly Japanese holly. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. asiatica Hypericum H. I. box-leaved h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. patulum 'Sungold' H.
pallida 'Dalmatica' I. helenium Ipomoea I. snapweed. water f. × germanica var. spotted t. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily.. officinale Juniperus J. touch-me-not jewelweed. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. horizontalis creeping j. pseudacorus Isatis I. yellow flag. cristata I. opaca I. crested dwarf i. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. capensis Indigofera I. African corn lily corn lily orris. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. virginiana red cedar jasmine. tinctoria Ixia I.. maculata J Jasminum J.. chinensis var. tinctoria Inula I.I. alba Iris I. 'Great Lakes' I. glabra I. J. woad dyer's woad. wilsonii Impatiens I. crested i. vomitoria 'Nana' I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. jewelweed. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . florentina I.
bay. angustifolia subsp. plume flower. nobilis Lavandula L. sweet bay laurel. maculatum L. white d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. dentata L. dentata var. dumb nettle. king'scrown L Lactuca L. album L. plume plant. n. carnea Brazilian-plume. angustifolia L. n. d. indica Lamium L. brandegeana shrimp plant J.... candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel.Justicia water willow J. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. paradise p. flamingo p. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L..
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. muscari Lobelia L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. perenne L. blue cardinal flower . candidum L. lovage privet. hedge plant privet. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. sativum Leucojum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. officinale Ligustrum L. summer s. aestivum Levisticum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. usitatissimum Liriope L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. benzoin Linum L.. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. marsh rosemary. pepperwort. leonurus Leontopodium L.
cordata Magnolia M. coronaria L. lycopersicum var.L. flava L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. coral h. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. grandiflora M. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . satin flower honesty. sempervirens Lunaria L. maritima L. moonwort. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. penny f. gypsywort. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. vulgaris Lythrum L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. catchfly mullein pink. honesty. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. money plant. annua Lychnis L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. coronaria 'Alba' L.. virginiana sweet alyssum. europaeus Lysimachia L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. silver-dollar. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. lycopersicum var. campion. stellata M.
'Guiding Star' M. apple m. curly m. bluebells. sweet b. bergamot m. Oregon g. Brampton stock. vulgare Matthiola M.. fastigiata Marrubium M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M.Mahonia M.. requienii M.. alcea var. pineapple m.. menthella. Virginia c. × piperita var. officinalis Mentha M. Scotch m.. stock stock. imperial stock balm lemon b. hupehensis Malva M. citrata M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. lungwort bluebells. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. longifolia M. white h.. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. horsemint . × gentilis M. pulegium M. holly mahonia. American crab. gillyflower. b. bee b. mountain g. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. angustifolia M. lemon m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. incana Melissa M. pennyroyal Corsican m.. Virginia b. holly g. musk m. cowslip. incanum M. aquatica M. blue barberry apple.. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. holly barberry. × piperita M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow.
Manila hemp forget-me-not. Greek myrtle. sylvatica Myrica M. American m. white bee balm pink b. b. sweet cicely. pink b. winter purslane. citriodora M.M. red m. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. fistulosa var. anise. myrrh. banana abaca. menthifolia M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. b. candleberry. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. Oswego tea. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. swamp c.. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. Swedish m. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. white b. b. textilis Myosotis M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. odorata Myrtus M. fistulosa M. punctata Montia M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . pensylvanica Myrrhis M.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
hog-pasture b. heal-all. aspen. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. pasture b. Jerusalem sage. hackmatack. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. veris Prunella P. widdy shrubby c. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil .Poncirus P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. nepalensis P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. sand p. Jerusalem cowslip white p. persica Pteridium P. Americana P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. elatior P. tacamahac cinquefoil. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. domestica P. maritima P. angustifolia P. balsam p. all-heal salad burnet. trifoliata Populus P. five-finger shrubby c... garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. vulgaris Prunus P.. pensylvanica P. hardy orange poplar. lungwort blue 1. brake. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. granatum Pyrus P. brake bracken. golden hardhack.
stellata R Ranunculus R. purshiana Rheum R. garden c. gooseberry alpine c. Bourbon r. fairy r. brier Banksia r. eglantine.. 'Cinderella' R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup..Quercus Q. luteola Rhamnus R. dog b. canina R. ficaria Reseda R. rose. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. gallica damask r. garden r. alpinum R. typhina Ribes R. autumn damask r.. red currant. moss r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. chinensis 'Minima' R. × borboniana R.. York-and-Lancaster r.. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. pilewort mignonette weld. pie plant. dyer's rocket rhubarb. pygmy r. cabbage r. banksiae R. . eglanteria R. brier r. crowfoot lesser celandine. sativum Rosa R. dog r. small c. moss r. China r. sweetbrier French r. mountain c.. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R.
sorrel. madder bramble blackberry. × rehderana R. laevigata R. garden sorrel broad dock. French sorrel rue . bitter d. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. chestnut r. rosemary white r. prairie r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. 'Schneezwerg' R.. obtusifolius R. golden p. dock s. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Japanese r. musk r. climbing r. Scotch r. rosemary pine-scented r.. moschata R. wichuraiana R. r. Cherokee r. acetosa R. snowdwarf memorial r. Turkestan r. × harisonii R. spinosissima R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. prostrate rosemary. roxburghii R. chinquapin r.'Officinalis' R. rugosa R. tinctorum Rubus R. angustissimus R. setigera R.. burnet r. hirta Rumex R.. polyantha r. Harison's yellow r. climbing r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.
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< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. Mexican bush s. variegated garden s. guaranitica S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. caerula S. purple variegated garden s. American e. leucantha S. bloodroot rue . s. clary annual clary elder. canadensis willow. sclarea S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. osier goat willow. golden g. garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. involucrata S. elderberry American e. microphylla S. bloodroot red puccoon. s. gray sage. elegans S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. pussy willow sage. purple g. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. clevelandii S. viridis Sambucus S. argentea S. greggii S. leucophylla S. caprea Salvia S.
calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. milk t. live-forever houseleek. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. St. hemp plant snake plant. sweet s. mad apple . chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. tectorum Silybum S. roof h. jasminoides S. sisarum Solanum S. Mary's t. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. mourning-bride stonecrop.. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. hen-and-chickens. marianum Sium S. devil's tongue. melongena var... mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. pincushion flower pincushions. trifasciata Santolina S. blessed t. albidum Satureja S. morganianum S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. canadensis Sansevieria S. virens Saponaria S..Sanguisorba S. pinnata S. neapolitana S. atropurpurea Sedum S. officinalis Sassafras S. lucky plant. hortensis S. live-forever houseleek. good-luck plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. telephium Sempervivum S.
reticulata var. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. × persica var. americana Stachys S. officinale Syringa S. lutea Stokesia S. vulgaris 'Addie V. Aztec m. californica Sorbaria S. grandiflora S. laciniata Persian lilac S. officinale S. woundwort lamb's-ears. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. pseudocapsicum Solidago S.. byzantina S. lilac . patula melongene. hedge nettle. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. erecta marigold African m. big m. sorbifolia Sorbus S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S.. laevis Symphytum S.
occidentalis Thymus T. columnar y. sweet mace French m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. vulgare var. carnosus T. culinary golden lemon t. upright y. marum Thuja T. procumbent g. fruticans T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. germander American g. 'Argenteus' T. dwarf m. tansy tansy. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. dense y... lemon t. lucida T. canadense T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. 'Broad-leaf English' T. crispum Taraxacum T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. wood sage germander dwarf. filifolia T.T. . cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. signet m.. officinale Taxus T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. yew conical y. vulgare T.
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romero clover red clover star jasmine. pallasianus T. crimson c. zygis Torenia T. nitidus T. doerfleri T. herba-barona T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. odorus t. not culinary French t. richardii subsp. praecox T. wishbone flower.. woolly thyme creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. leucotrichus T. pratensis Trichostema T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. creeping t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. t. . lanatum Trifolium T. nummularius T.. serpyllum T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. glabrescens T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. confederatej. praecox subsp. caraway t. lemon t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. red c. jasminoides Tragopogon T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T.
brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. laevifolium Valeriana V. maritima Urtica U. officinalis V. clusiana T. tall n. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tawny orange t. red s. flannel plant. angustifolium var. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. velvet p.. pale yellow Darwin t. minus Tsuga T. tarda T. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. canadensis Tulipa T. huckleberry. water-lily t. dioica V Vaccinium V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. olympicum V. kaufmanniana T. species t. bitter Indian garden n. thapsus Veronica V. 'General de Wet' T. cranberry. farfara U Urginea U. nettle stinging n.. 'Blizzard' T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. mullein mullein. majus T. blueberry. serpyllifolia nasturtium.Tropaeolum T. . early. officinalis Verbascum V. speedwell. blattaria V. squill. Indian cress dwarf n.
sweet h. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. cassinoides V. sheepberry.Vetiveria V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. odorata V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. heartsease pansy. khus-khus.. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. arrowwood... lesser p. heartsease. tricolor V. prunifolium Vinca V. withe-rod vetiver. zizanioides Viburnum V. running m. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. minor Viola V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. acerifolium V. violet dog violet horned v. myrtle. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. maple-leaved viburnum. lutea 'Splendens' V. canina V. nannyberry. carlesii V. ladies-delight. possum haw .
Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . Adam's-needle. ginger. officinale ginger true ginger.