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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. and record every detailall of the failures. successes. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. and the publisher. carefully chosen. punching. Their energy and charm caught me up. seven years ago. and the experience provided the final section of the book. for they had no model and no guide. This they did. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. alterations. Again they revised. bereft of hope. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. It needs no sequel. whether all their labor was to no avail. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. with sparkling enthusiasm. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . more of them exist to serve as examples. The turning point came when. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. Then. wheedling. This was not to be. and I have had the pleasure of advising. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. build it. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. especially poetry. pushing. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Ginny had done some writing. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. responded with delight. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. With false starts and honest stops.
they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. we completed a test garden. To achieve this. or by contributors. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. The herb garden designs alone. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. governed the style of our lists of botanical names." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. although countless common names exist. while others were prepared by landscape designers. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. degree of maintenance required. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Not all plants used are herbs. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. English thyme. Likewise. We. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. without accompanying commentary. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. specialty. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. former generic names. 1969 and 1980. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. the authors. historical interest. Italics are always used for botanical names. and educational purpose. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. A range of essential factors is considered herein. rather. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. by their owners. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. and these are capitalizedfor example. . as in Rosmarinus officinalis. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I.
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has given us valuable information. We are grateful to many. Jo Lohmolder.. M. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. and August Frugé. Swanson and Robert B. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Herbert J. FAITH H. Rady. former director of same. Susan Frugé. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Recognition is due Robert B. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Nell Neff. and Elizabeth Bryce. Finally. Trudi Bela. president. which made possible the completion of our text. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. and Rexford Talbert. Genevieve Jyurovat. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Lee Buss. The late Raymond C. as expediter and typist. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. A lecturer on herbs. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. too. Alice Skelsey. Special thanks are due James C. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. always encouraging us to stay with our project.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Derthick. His assistant. librarian. and Joanna Reed. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. and the horticulturist. has been especially helpful over the years. Keebler and the late Everest P. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. She has served. Alexander Apanius. past presidents.D. have also been of assistance. Isaacson. Betty Rea. Wanda Ritchie. Weatherhead. Eleanor Gambee. Richard T. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. former managing editors. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
temples of worship. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. to increase the value of the property. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. some of which are evergreen. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. "A garden is the mirror of a mind." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. partially excavated area. As Henry Beston reflects. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. and structures. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. As one constantly reinforces the other. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. new plants. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Perennial herbs. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. or an abandoned. and decisions must not be left to chance." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth." A good design does not "happen. "Not difficult to plan. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. lay out a plan of the property. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. the north point will have been indicated. a front dooryard. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. fences. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. Its interest is independent of flowers. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. If no . and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. and hedges will have been located. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. In order to create a fine garden design. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. new ways of seeing. not at all difficult to maintain.
measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > . which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here. and hedges. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.
In the absence of a survey map. measurements are in engineer's scale. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. In this example. measure to locate the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. to locate the house. To determine the distance between the house and lot line.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Other areas may require a smaller scale. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. Next. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. but with all needed information. A deed description. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. and the driveway. other significant structures. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. such as the one illustrated here. The object is to . (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Here. too. too.
the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. paths. and parallel lines. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. triangleof inexpensive plastic. shrubs.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. The smaller the scale. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. The tools needed for drawing are few. and unusual land features noted. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. driveway. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. < previous page page_3 next page > . lines at an angle. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. enclosures. one of the branches generally having a pencil point.
the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. and holly. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . In the absence of a structure. iron. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. and hedges of hemlock. greenhouse. brick. One basic rule is the higher the wall. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. In some cases. A toolhouse. and stone. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. bayberry. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. old smokehouse. yew. Upkeep. garage. must be included in assessing maintenance demands." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. However. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. gazebo.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. In the designs that follow. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. With the plan on paper. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. or summer kitchen is ideal.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. some deciduous and some evergreen. annual painting is a necessity. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. box.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. When this reinforcement is understated. however. too. cut stones. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. so give them much thought. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. used for dry wall or masonry construction. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Stained. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. for reinforcing the design. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. but the results will confirm this course. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. painted. Rosemary. Styles are legion. railroad ties. Whatever the reason. Lower cost is an advantage. elegant box. a temporary garden that may be changed later. yew. for example. Stone. the garden design is most attractive. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. bricks. Generally. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. holly. if wood is the material of choice. In some climates. . If used. If desired. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. it will seem too sparsely planted. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. such as bayberry. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Equally important is proportion. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Allow adequate room within the row. as an example. deeply evergreen. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. or. landscape timbers. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. or pressure-treated lumber. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. At first. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. gray surfaces are found. they can be made to order. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. whether it will be rocks. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. When used with a hedge. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. or natural. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. For example. and rosemary. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. and their styles are countless. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Gates are part of the enclosure. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. as in outdoor room dividers. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Where air circulation is much needed. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today.
The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. Conversely. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. there is a necessary. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. awkward and unsafe. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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The colors are various: terracotta. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Step materials need not be the same as. It is a general rule that the less the riser. too. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. appearance. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Paths must be ample. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. because they are just that. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. cost. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. however. rosy pink. If groups are walking through. their use no less than comfortable. Choose the path material equally for comfort. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Access paths. . or red. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. the greater the tread. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. making the design more evident. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. There are. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. for example. A width of four feet allows room for turning. and maintenance. but should be compatible with.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.
is an enjoyable experience. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier.) To avoid having a slippery surface. With these recommendations in mind. bark or pine needles can be used. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. shrubs. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. too. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. or trees to be considered. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . a soft-lead pencil in hand. If the garden is made up of separate beds. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. When they mature. they should not shade the herbs too much. a result being hazardous footing. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. and many good references are available. They are easily renewed as they break down. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. prepare a planting plan for each. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. shad Malus coronaria. This.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. serviceberry. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project.
statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. whether they are invasive or tall growing. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. it is easily read and easily erased. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. one-half inch equals one foot. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . noting well their growth habits. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. for example. for example. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. such as the one illustrated here. however. Artifacts As with other gardens. Artifacts such as an old hand pump.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Do use a soft-lead pencil. or whatever is best in your case. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. too. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. a focal point is customarily used. Sept. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. It needs. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. lemon thyme. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. 'Mount Hood daff.
It is then in scale with its frame. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. < previous page page_9 next page > . and a good sense of proportion is achieved. Again. the height of a fence to the house. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. If a statue less than life-size is used. a niche of its own should be created.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
with one basic rule always needing to be observed. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a stylized drawing of an ovary. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. the designs have a decorative north point. Except for two. However.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. that of good proportion. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.Melissa officinalis. lovage 17. salad burnet 12. Landscape Architect.Galium odoratum. arcticus 27. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. summer 23. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. 14. Foeniculum vulgare. 7.Allium 11. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. The rules of symmetry are observed. or other structure.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.A.Satureja hortensis. With color and texture considered for contrast. The first number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. a fence. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus praecox subsp.L. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. Lavenders accent the front corners. bee balm 13.Ocimum basilicum. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 26.Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja montana. rose 24. 22. lemon balm . 21. 16. 5. 3. 6. fennel 2. lemon 15. 4.Origanum majorana.Lavandula savory angustifolia. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 1. A. sweet 25.Viola tricolor.Lobularia maritima. which is used here in relation to a garage.S. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. dill cerasiforme.
Petroselinum crispum var.8. curly parsley 10.Porrum Group.Salvia officinalis. Greek 28.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. costmary 'Albus'. 19.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Pelargonium × limoneum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. dwarf garden 20. chive 18. Chrysanthemum balsamita. leek 9. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.
13. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. rose 19. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja hortensis. white 20.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 18. curly parsley sativa.Pelargonium tomentosum.Allium schoenoprasum. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. fennel English lavender geranium 4. 11. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 2. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. summer 10. Petroselinum crispum var. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. bush basil 3. .Foeniculum vulgare. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Lavandula angustifolia.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium graveolens. 9.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. as was done here. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. 12. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. lemon verbena 21. 17.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Rosmarinus officinalis.
Galium odoratum.Thymus × citriodorus. 14.salad burnet 6. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Heliotropium arborescens.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Rosa eglanteria. 16. English'. eglantine 23. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. English thyme dill 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Origanum majorana.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.
Japanese yew 17.Mentha spicata. The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja hortensis.Levisticum officinale.Chionanthus virginicus. The image would soon give way to other considerations. The garden is conveniently located. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. and the plan could be used at a front door. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. however. sativa.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Origanum heracleoticum.Allium schoenoprasum. Even in limited space. Origanum majorana. Then the design might need to be expanded.A. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. summer savory 11. parsley 5. 9.Taxus cuspidata. sweet marjoram 3.L. dill 2. 1. . A. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Salvia officinalis. English thyme Greek oregano 4. garden sage 8.Artemisia dracunculus var. salad burnet 14.Petroselinum crispum. 7.S. still observing a scale. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. however. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. lemon thyme 10. 13.Poterium sanguisorba. lovage 15. spearmint 16.Thymus × citriodorus. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.
sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus.6.
The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. Jacob's-ladder 3. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 8. 25.Pulmonaria officinalis. 7.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.L. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 9. fennel 19. summer 21. 1. A.Humulus lupulus.Artemisia dracunculus var. cinnamon fern 4.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet violet 16. salad 20.Origanum majorana. Viola odorata.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . lemon thyme 28. blue lungwort 26. Landscape Architect. 31. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. lavender marjoram 2.S. 13. Monarda didyma.Stachys byzantina. The number in each planting area is the key number.Digitalis grandiflora. the challenge is obvious.Osmunda cinnamomea. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. 6. bee balm 14.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. The long. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. Dictamnus albus.Allium ampeloprasum.Polemonium reptans. fraxinella 15. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. 32. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 33.Asarum canadense. This is an intimate garden. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. 18. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Christmas fern 5. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. garden sage 17. hop sativa. yellow 29.A.Polystichum acrostichoides. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Teucrium chamaedrys.Convallaria majalis. 30. wild ginger 27. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Primula vulgaris.
Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Sorbus americana. 35.Galium odoratum.Satureja montana.savory germander Willmott'. sweet 34. winter savory 24.lilac 10.Galium verum.Buxus microphylla var.Korean box 11.Petroselinum crispum var. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. Canada hemlock Standard'. crispum. French thyme woodruff koreana. French'. curly parsley mountain ash 12. yellow bedstraw 23.Tsuga canadensis.
neapolitanum.Rumex scutatus.Origanum heracleoticum. lemon verbena 2. Even so. 19.Salvia officinalis. To be placed near the kitchen. devoted to a "yearly surprise. geometric design. One of the beds.Petroselinum crispum var. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.Aloysia triphylla. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. It is a pleasing. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. Italian parsley . This necessarily limited the size of the garden. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Surprisingly. garden sage 20. it became part of the patio. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. this design can be an inspiration. dill 10. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 1. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.
French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Ocimum basilicum 12.17. English thyme bush basil 8.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. French tarragon 5. lemon balm cicely 6. garlic chive 26. sweet 13. summer savory 23.Melissa officinalis. purple basil 4.Myrrhis odorata.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Petroselinum crispum var. chervil marjoram 21.3.Satureja hortensis. winter savory 24.Origanum majorana. salad 15.Poterium sanguisorba. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Satureja montana.Anthriscus cerefolium.Borago officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. borage 'Purpurascens'. basil sativa. Alpine strawberry 7. sweet 18.Ocimum basilicum. crispum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive 25.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon basil 9.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet 14. 16. curly parsley 22.Allium tuberosum.
Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Galium odoratum. the work paths could be eliminated. gray . sweet cicely 23.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Pelargonium in variety. English lavender 10. rosemary 3. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. so.Thymus × citriodorus. green santolina 12.Lavandula angustifolia. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. sweet 13. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. purple basil 4.Stachys byzantina. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. it is an unusual. too.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. D. winter 21. 14. To increase the planting area. English thyme lemon thyme 11. As a whole. it is full of interesting angles. lamb's-ears 20. 19. blue 22. scented-leaf geranium 2. The center beds here were established in this way. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. geometric design. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Satureja montana. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Myrrhis odorata. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. 1. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Rosmarinus officinalis.C. Created in an orderly way.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina virens.
6.Salvia officinalis. American southernwood holly 17. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Ilex opaca. clove pink 7.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound artemisia 18. French thyme santolina 15.Marrubium vulgare.Myrtus communis.Dianthus caryophyllus. germander 16. classic myrtle 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia abrotanum. 25. camphor-scented wormwood 8. horehound24.Artemisia camphorata.
sweet woodruff 5. borage 23.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. which adds its impression of warmth. lemon balm 22. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. Job's tears 11. casts the shadow for the hour. Ocimum basilicum. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. purple basil 3. Coix lacryma-jobi. 1. Its arrow points north and. sweet basil 4. Galium odoratum. tansy 25. this herb garden is secluded. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. pot marigold 24. arcticus 21. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. French tarragon 14. sativa. rosemary 15.Melissa officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Achillea millefolium. Lavandula angustifolia. English lavender 6. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. blue hyssop 2. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.Borago officinalis. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Thymus praecox subsp. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Satureja montana.Chamaemelum . Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. yarrow 12. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. absinthe 26. Sometimes space is limited. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. This center of interest is of particular note. gray santolina 13. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. winter savory 16. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. too.
Symphytum officinale. Salvia elegans. costmary 'Albus'.Pelargonium in variety. sweet 29.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. Salvia officinalis. wild marjoram 28. scented-leaf 27.Carya illinoinensis. pineapplescented sage 9.Syringa. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. marjoram pecan 10. white creeping thyme nobile. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . garden sage 19. chive 18. chamomile 17.Origanum vulgare.Origanum majorana.7. variegated garden sage 8. comfrey20.
sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. hyssop Meyer lemon . rue 31. sunken into the ground. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. lemon balm 35.Myrrhis odorata. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. horehound 33. 29.Ruta graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. dill 20.Apium graveolens. sweet cicely 37. rose geranium 2.Salvia officinalis. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. Anthriscus cerefolium. parsley 17.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. 3. for example lemon balm and spearmint. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. true ginger16. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 4. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. When controlled in this way. lovage 22. French sorrel 21. blue 23.Marrubium vulgare. purple basil Zingiber officinale. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 30.Teucrium chamaedrys. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. garlic Levisticum officinale. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Allium sativum.Pelargonium × limoneum.Satureja hortensis.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. chervil 15.Origanum majorana. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. 1.Galium odoratum. 19. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. 5. 9. 18. 36. The more invasive ones.Pelargonium graveolens. 8. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 6.Melissa officinalis. 7.Ipomoea alba. summer 32. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. sweet 34. sativa. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.
Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil 14.Tropaeolum minus. English thyme 26.Thymus × citriodorus.Origanum heracleoticum. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . lemon verbena 11.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.10. lemonthyme 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil 38. dwarf nasturtium 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Japanese yew 39. Greek oregano 12.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha spicata.Magnolia virginiana. spearmint 27. French thyme 24. salad burnet 25.
a quick way to ensure good drainage. < previous page page_22 next page > . Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. but. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. whatever the reason. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. "Simplify. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. simplify!.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. however.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Capsicum frutescens. bee balm 19. dill 13.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. parsley 2. summer basil savory 7. lettuce 10.Lindera benzoin. lemon 22.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. peppermint 23.Tanacetum vulgare. aloe Grossum Group. sweet 17.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloe barbadensis. garden sage 3. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . balm sativa. 26.Mentha spicata. French tarragon 5.Lactuca sativa.Satureja hortensis.Ruta graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number. bell pepper 6.Ocimum basilicum. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. tansy 11. 1.Salvia officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Galium odoratum.Artemisia dracunculus var. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. jewelweed24. arcticus. 14. rue 20.Petroselinum crispum. spearmint 21. 12. sweet 15. spicebush absinthe French'. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Thymus praecox subsp.Monarda didyma. 18. sweet 25.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. 16.Impatiens capensis.Mentha x piperita.Anethum graveolens.Hedeoma pulegioides.Allium fistulosum.Origanum majorana.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
8.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. Perovskia abrotanoides. Thymus praecox subsp. germander 7. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 14. French thyme 2. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.Pelargonium in variety. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. too.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. encloses this plan. faced and capped with random. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Russian 13. A low wall of brick. . and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. horizontally laid bluestone. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors.
witch hazel 18. lemon balm hyssop 12.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Viburnum cassinoides.Hyssopus officinalis. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . arcticus 'Albus'.angustifolia. white creeping thyme 5. lady's6.-John'swort 17. lemon thyme 10. Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 3. trumpet vine 16. St.Santolina neapolitana 4.Campsis radicans. crimson creeping thyme 9.Melissa officinalis. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Hamamelis virginiana. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. blue 11.Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris.
with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Although this is not a large garden. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. however.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. the shrubsyew. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. < previous page page_28 next page > . However. It is. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. lilac. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. box. Germander is a proper edging here. holly. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Cytisus supinus.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Myrrhis odorata. 23. dwarf box 41.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Santolina pinnata 34.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf privet 48. blue horehound hyssop 3. columnal yew 43. Japanese yew 44. green 27. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Artemisia camphorata. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Salvia leucophylla.Salvia sclarea. Mentha requienii.Borago officinalis. winter 29.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 1.Anemone pulsatilla.Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. fringed wormwood 16.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. red creeping thyme 10.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. cottage pink 2.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. mint silver mound artemisia 25. white hyssop 4. classic myrtle 15.Satureja montana. Japanese holly 47. lamb'sears 35. 21. sweet albula.20.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. shrubby cinquefoil 46. Thymus praecox subsp.Chrysanthemum coccineum. sweet violet 19. white creeping thyme 37.Chamaemelum nobile. rue 6.Dictamnus albus.Comptonia peregrina. 26. sweet cicely17. mantle chamomile 5. Marrubium vulgare. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray sage savory 14.Eloise & Jo Ray.Ruta graveolens.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Santolina virens. clary 30. 18.Syringa patula. Japanese holly 42. dwarf crested iris 39. prostrate rosemary 13.Myrtus communis. lavender 22. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Stachys byzantina.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. santolina alpine pink 28. lilac 45.Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. 9. woolly thyme 7. broom 40.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Alchemilla vulgaris. germander 36.Iris × germanica var. Thymus praecox subsp. florentina. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. Corsican 24. Heliotropium arborescens.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. orris 38.Iris cristata. fraxinella 33. alpine strawberry 8. Viola odorata.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. crimson creeping thyme 31. 32.Artemisia frigida. lady's. arcticus 'Albus'. 12. Simkins'. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.
The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. the center of interest for the herb garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. while adding to the enclosure of the area. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. Other paths are brick. a cutting garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. and one has an inset for a garden seat.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. This hedge. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. an herb garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and a vegetable garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. a running bond pattern.
L.A. Landscape Architect. A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. .S.
Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. dill wishbone flower 5.Lilium candidum. sativa. pale 28.Helleborus niger. yellow 35. 1. sweet 51. white 'Bouquet'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Ocimum basilicum 54. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. candytuft Standard'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis.Stokesia laevis.Santolina virens. 32.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. yellow 24.Digitalis grandiflora. 22.Thymus × citriodorus.The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. verbena rose chive 11. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. starsMaxima'. Christmas 48. green santolina 42.Satureja hortensis. blue 27.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Magnolia virginiana. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Allium schoenoprasum. bush basil 41. 37. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. Achillea taygetea.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. summer 34.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. clary 46.Origanum majorana. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. winter savory 44. helenium 4. alpine strawberry 3.Allium christophii. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Limonium latifolium.Hyssopus officinalis. Anethum graveolens 23.Salvia sclarea. cottage pink French'. lavender 18. 47. Louise'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 14. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. Aquilegia chrysantha.Polystichum acrostichoides.Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia dracunculus var. fraxinella 26. statice Solemacher'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. lamb's-ears 49.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum var. blue iris 9. blue hyssop 43.Pelargonium in variety. double white peony of-Persia 12. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Ribes alpinum. 50. garden sage 56. plantain lily 2.Hemerocallis × luteola. lemon 29. sweet marjoram 45. 52. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . yellow epimedium 15. 55. French tarragon 8. Dictamnus albus.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Stachys byzantina.Satureja montana. 53.Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum × superbum. French thyme 7. lemon thyme 40. germander 39.Galium odoratum.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. Campanula persicifolia.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Stokes' aster 31.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. York-andLancaster rose 16.
Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. While serving as a soil retainer. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. a retaining wall or walls are needed. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. < previous page page_32 next page > . as in this case. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation.
English 44. borage 26. The number in each planting area is the key number.Iris cristata.Mentha spicata. lemon verbena 46.A. lady's43. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. .45.Galium odoratum. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. Monarda didyma.Viola odorata.Tanacetum vulgare var. 42.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula angustifolia. 1. lamb's25. Stachys byzantina.Alchemilla vulgaris. Melissa officinalis. Ocimum basilicum. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. Landscape Architect. bee balm 24. sweet 23.Thymus × citriodorus.A.Aloysia triphylla. Borago officinalis.Iris pseudacorus. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. spearmint 41.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R. 21.Solanum pseudocapsicum. lemon 22. F. crispum. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.
Greek 53. Poterium sanguisorba.Verbascum thapsus.Salvia officinalis.Ruta graveolens. 57. summer 32. absinthe English thyme 27. garden sage 36. 40.Salvia elegans. wild 39. curly mint 30.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. pink hawthorn 16. rosemary 9. flowering dogwood 15. pennyroyal 54.Cassia marilandica.Mentha × piperita var.Satureja hortensis. 37.Dianthus caryophyllus.Allium cepa. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. Porrum Group.Nepeta cataria.Artemisia absinthium.Quercus stellata. mullein chive 47.Mentha pulegium. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. sweet marjoram 28.Marrubium vulgare.Allium sativum.Origanum heracleoticum. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Allium tuberosum. rue 51.Anethum graveolens.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 35.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. polyantha rose 12. French tarragon holly 13.Cornus florida. orange mint 29. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var.Vinca minor. salad burnet 10. 33.7.Origanum majorana. myrtle 58.Allium ampeloprasum. garlic chive 48.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. catnip 50. leek 49.Rosa × rehderana.Petroselinum crispum var.Elaeagnus pungens. dill 34.Capsicum frutescens. citrata. clove 55. tabasco senna pepper 20. pineapple38. Ajuga reptans.Artemisia dracunculus var. carpet bugleweed 8.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. Proliferum Group. Egyptian onion 11. post crispum 'Banquet'.Artemisia abrotanum. curly parsley oak 17. 52.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. southernwood 31. horehound neapolitanum. Rosmarinus officinalis. 56.Crataegus arkansana. savory sativa.
and vinegars. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. < previous page page_34 next page > . but it is more than adequate for potpourri. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. sleep pillows. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. mothproofing bags. Although this is a northeast exposure. However. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. which are a good way to supply controlled shade.
< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.
Allium moly. 19.Pelargonium × limoneum. French tarragon 10.Tanacetum vulgare. Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha spicata. anise hyssop 14. Ruta graveolens.Salvia oficinalis. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Salvia elegans. dwarf nasturtium 37.Ocimum basilicum 27. nutmeg geranium 39.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. lily leek 44. tansy 16. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. French gray santolina sorrel 8. Proliferum Group.Rumex scutatus.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Hyssopus officinalis . Lactuca. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. peppermint geranium 40. daylily in variety 41.Satureja montana. bay 48.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. chive 43.Allium cepa.Hemerocallis.Galium odoratum. costmary 5. florentina.Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium fragrans. lemon 31. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Allium sphaerocephalum. winter 29. burnet lovage 6. Artemisia pontica. southernwood 9. Egyptian onion 42.Pelargonium graveolens. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 23. garden 'Purpurascens'. crispum. 49. lemon 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. 1. bee balm 30.Aloysia triphylla.Allium sativum var.Monarda didyma. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 21. Roman 20.Pelargonium tomentosum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tropaeolum minus. 24. orris 17. rue 26. garden sage 2. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Hallock'.Tsuga canadensis. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . 'President Poincare'.Thuja occidentalis. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. round-headed garlic 46.Calendula officinalis. blue hyssop 35. Petroselinum crispum var.Laurus nobilis.Allium schoenoprasum. lavender 7. sativa. salad 22. pot 28.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Valeriana officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Iris × germanica var. balm valerian 15. lilac 32. Thymus × citriodorus. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. 'Monge'. lettuce in variety 25. 50. purple basil sage 11. lemon verbena 36.Artemisia abrotanum. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Allium pulchellum 47.Agastache foeniculum.
The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. A simple knot. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. is the focus of the middle level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. < previous page page_36 next page > . Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Invasive.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.
Satureja hortensis. horehound 46. pineapple mint 22. 1.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. valerian 5.Poterium sanguisorba.Monarda didyma. Satureja montana 'Nana'. Digitalis purpurea. fennel 25. houseleek 45. pineapplescented sage 47. dwarf winter savory 2.Salvia elegans. bee balm 26. French tarragon 44.Sempervivum tectorum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Artemisia dracunculus var. Valeriana officinalis. thyme 3. white thrift 24.Foeniculum vulgare. sativa. summer savory 43.Marrubium vulgare.Armeria maritima. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. golden thyme . foxglove 4. salad burnet 23. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.
Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. French'. garden 42. pot 35. white 58. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.6. yellow 41. rosemary 28. 33. dwarf edging box 21.Ocimum basilicum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Anemone pulsatilla.Agrimonia eupatoria.Artemisia absinthium.Helleborus niger.Ruta graveolens. sweet 32.Rosa chinensis.Symphytum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum.Lilium candidum. feverfew climbing rose 16. parthenium.Levisticum officinale. sweet basil sage 27.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. arcticus 55.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. sweet 37. marigold chive 15.Galium verum.Rosa eglanteria. viper's 34.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Sium sisarum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Echium vulgare.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. pink 62. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Crocus sativus. germander 56. clary 48.Origanum majorana. fraxinella 8. Angelica archangelica. winter bugloss 'Albus'. dyer's woad 7. Isatis tinctoria.Lavandula angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Myrrhis odorata.Chrysanthemum 36. blue hyssop 57. rue 31. 39. Salvia sclarea.Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia officinalis. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. angelica Lenten rose 10. 40. Madonna cicely lily 12. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . 30.Laurus nobilis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. skirret 60. English 52. lavender Christmas rose 11. pink 59. absinthe 53.Calendula officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. China rose comfrey 19.Salvia viridis. 38. sweet 50.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Dictamnus albus.Galium odoratum.Eranthis hyemalis.Helleborus orientalis.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. 61. 54. annual clary 51.
< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. and the shagbark hickory. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. < previous page page_38 next page > . the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Carya ovata. However. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. even though space is limited. There is variety in this plan. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton.
fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. stewardsonii. box Ruta graveolens. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. Canada Isatis tinctoria. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. Asarum canadense. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. French Galium odoratum. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. flax Buxus sempervirens. lamb's. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. rue Cornusflorida.Arisaema triphyllum. box Carya ovata. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. box Buxus sempervirens. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. sweet basil Satureja montana. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. sativa. valerian Rosa damascena. borage Petroselinum crispum. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. Aloysia triphylla.Galium verum. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. red mint . aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. chive Ilex opaca. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. dogwood Salvia sclarea. citrata. Marrubium vulgare. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. green santolina Primula veris. germander Agastache foeniculum. Adiantum pedatum. angelica Mondarda didyma. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
too. a dipping pool there. it is open on the side facing the house. For this appearance. this excavation. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. A singular statue of St. An informal. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. is on a sandy knoll. A clump of birch here. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. < previous page page_40 next page > . However. unplanned look was desired. first intended for the construction of a cottage. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
67.Mentha × gentilis.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. 31. pennyroyal 46. 'Prostratus'. 77. bee balm .Pelargonium crispum. 52.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 70.Myrrhis odorata.Mentha spicata. 72. 53.Betula papyrifera.Angelica archangelica.Monarda fistulosa. lamb's-ears parsley 19. French'. rose geranium 10. myrtle 14. lemon 35.Petroselinum crispum. 65.Thymus praecox subsp.Ajuga reptans.Viola tricolor.Salvia officinalis. blue 2.Chelidonium majus.Mentha × piperita. Thymus praecox subsp.Anthriscus cerefolium. red mint 48. marsh 42.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. apple mint 49. 61. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Althaea officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. 58. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Thymus herba-barona. mint 50. wild 43.Coriandrum sativum.Digitalis grandiflora. Ruta graveolens. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. Iris × germanica var.Chrysanthemum 80.Allium favum lovage 22. gray scented sage santolina 4.Anethum graveolens. 30.Marrubium vulgare. spearmint 45.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 79.Glechoma hederacea. feverfew 27.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Satureja hortensis. pot 66. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. Sempervivum tectorum.Mentha pulegium. 76.Monarda didyma. 75. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. rose bergamot valerian 25. 33. white birch English lavender parthenium. wild 51. pineapple3. horehound mallow foxglove 16. sweet 71.Poterium sanguisorba. 32.Achillea tomentosa.Santolina florentina.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium odoratissimum. woolly thyme 13. golden 37. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. fern-leaf tansy 23. 64.Stachys byzantina. 63. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 8.Teucrium canadense.Valeriana officinalis. catnip 73.Convallaria majalis.Consolida orientalis. 38. celandine cicely 18.Salvia elegans.Hyssopus officinalis. orange geranium 11. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 68.Urginea maritima. 74. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.The number in each planting area is the key number. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. chive crispum.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. lemon balm 44. rue 29. purple basil 9.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. 36.Satureja montana.Mentha suaveolens.Vinca minor. 34. creeping juniper 26. 60. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Origanum vulgare. Thymus × citriodorus.Tanacetum vulgare var. Johnny-jump-up54. 12. winter savory 20. garden sage lungwort 57.Lavandula angustifolia. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Allium schoenoprasum. sea onion angelica 24.Rosa 'Merry England'.Nepeta cataria.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. 1.Origanum onites.Armeria maritima.Pelargonium denticulatum. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. orris chamaecyparissus. 59.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium quercifolium. thrift55.Pulmonaria officinalis. 78.Ocimum basilicum. 69.Digitalis purpurea. peppermint 47.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. They are clustered around the smokehouse. is used for the wall. < previous page page_42 next page > . making it more a part of the herb garden. Foundation stone. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the accents of the six large box. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Because of the edging box. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. the same as the smokehouse construction. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. and the two small trees. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it.
A. A. Landscape Architect.S.L. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
box 'Citriodorum'.Crocus. chive comfrey curly mint 8. sweet cicely45.Tanacetum vulgare var.Viola tricolor. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. verbena English thyme 5. lemon 34.Mentha requienii. European ginger 4. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . fringed 43. balsamita.Satureja montana.Angelica archangelica.Artemisia frigida. 35.Ocimum basilicum 32.Artemisia abrotanum. 'Purpurascens'. winter 42.Buxus sempervirens.Chrysanthemum 28.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. Corsican 33.38.Levisticum officinale.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. Symphytum officinale. English 'Minimum'.The number in each planting area is the key number. 39. lady's.Fritillaria imperialis.Allium schoenoprasum. blue angelica lungwort 20. Pelargonium graveolens.Prunus domestica. bee balm 29.Lilium candidum. lemon 36. 41. white 23. spearmint 48. Lavandula angustifolia. Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet 37. Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.Myrrhis odorata.Artemisia dracunculus var. balm citrata.Ocimum basilicum 30. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. Dictamnus albus. lovage 46. 21.Galium odoratum. pineapple mint 18. species in variety crispum.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. sweet 26. lemon basil 15.Mentha × piperita. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Pulmonaria officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. purple basil sativa. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. 1. Asarum europaeum. 27.Alchemilla vulgaris. rosemary 3.Mentha spicata. sweet marjoram 2. 40.Melissa officinalis. 47. 22.Mentha × piperita var.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. dwarf edging box 14. orange mint 19. 31. 44. summer 25. fraxinella 17.Ocimum basilicum. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. Ocimum basilicum 24.Crataegus laevigata.Allium giganteum. Satureja hortensis.
is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. the dwarf box edging. although it is ample at four feet. Instead. two specimen shrubs. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. This hedge. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. The dipping bowl. too. a soil retainer. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. < previous page page_44 next page > . and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Lowgrowing. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. This is true also of the stone curbing. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. pink of Dianthus. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk.
Landscape Architect.S.L.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .A. A.
winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. Stachys byzantina.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Heliotropium arborescens. Salvia officinalis. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Tulipa clusiana.Borago officinalis.Mentha × piperita. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Crocus speciosus. green santolina 37.Convallaria majalis.Mentha × piperita var.Thymus praecox subsp. lily.Angelica archangelica. 'Lanuginosus'. Origanum majorana.Allium christophii. 44.Digitalis grandiflora. gray 22. 1. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Dicentra spectabilis. 26. sweet 55. black cohosh windflower 15.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. white creeping thyme lovage 10. angel's-tears 59. lamb's-ears 28. sweet 47.Levisticum officinale. 40.Narcissus asturiensis. Compactus'. 53. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. arcticus 34.Helleborus lividus subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tulipa kaufmanniana. 36.Ocimum basilicum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clary 32. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Anemone blanda. Madonna 63. 20.Aloysia triphylla. 56. verbena snowflake 19.Pelargonium in variety.Hamamelis virginiana. 17.Narcissus triandrus var. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 49. thyme 29.Sternbergia lutea.Pelargonium in variety.Leucojum aestivum. 58.57. 46. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 51.Crocus tomasinianus.Cimicifuga racemosa.Galanthus nivalis. rue25.Mentha spicata. 54. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Satureja montana. white 42. catmint 35. tulip citrata.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. angustifolia 'Nana'. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Santolina virens.Helleborus niger.Crocus kotschyanus. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Nepeta mussinii. 45.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. lemon 33. winter savory 39.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. golden thyme41. 50. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 2.Mertensia virginica.Galium odoratum. American 38. sweet 27.Myrica pensylvanica.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Teucrium canadense.Crocus angustifolius. Spanish bluebell 16.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 43. Thymus doerfleri.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. prostrate rosemary 18. borage 31.Salvia sclarea. lemon 60. 52. spearmint 48.Lilium candidum. caraway thyme albus.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. orange mint 8.Thymus herba-barona. arcticus 30. marjoram crocus 7. 61.
< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. First. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Morning sun warms it early. The results have been most satisfying. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Second. very livable and profoundly satisfying. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > .
Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Allium neapolitanum. Thymus praecox subsp.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Salvia officinalis.Allium ampeloprasum. Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Architect. English thyme 43. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. wild celery 42. lemon 21. sweet basil 23. Artemisia absinthium 24.Artemisia lactiflora. Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 5. 1. 'Lambrook Silver'. 26. Porrum Group. The number in each planting area is the key number. crocus 44. woolly thyme 3. A.L.Salvia sclarea. Beauty'.Crocus sieberi. leek 46. tulip 45. absinthe sativa. clary thyme 22. . Origanum heracleoticum.S.Tulipa tarda. marigold 41. 25.A. garden sage 4.Apium graveolens.
Dictamnus albus.Cornus florida.Nepeta × faassenii.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. 56. fraxinella 36. white evergreen azalea 16.Hyssopus officinalis. 8. American elderberry 15.Aloysia triphylla. clematis 11. 39.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Lobelia siphilitica. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. 29.Asclepias tuberosa. blue 38. American marjoram Yellow'. green 40. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Aconitum napellus. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Dianthus × allwoodii.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. 54. Viola odorata.Clematis 'Mrs.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. curly parsley 20.Achillea filipendula 60.Allium schoenoprasum. lovage 34.foxglove 7. great 31. lamb's-ears 52.Levisticum officinale.Stachys byzantina.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Ipomoea alba.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Galium mollugo.Santolina virens.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Origanum majorana. alpine 28. butterfly 47. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. pale 49. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. yellow 55. monkshood upright yew 17. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Artemisia camphorata. viola holly 18. red currant gray santolina 13. Lavandula angustifolia. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. dogwood 19. 58. 32.Tropaeolum minus.Digitalis grandiflora. sweet 37.Rosmarinus officinalis.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Petroselinum crispum var. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. lobelia Sherbert'. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Malus hupehensis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Robert verbena Brydon'. lemon 50. weed chive 48. catmint 53.Allium senescens var. pink 30.Ilex opaca.Ribes sativum.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
repeats again the octagonal form. an impression of Sol in it. The four herb beds. A birdbath of copper. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. even though the growing area is not extensive. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . are raised with bricks on edge. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. Well-drained as they are. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Joan E. 1. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. variegated garden sage 37. catmint 6.Heliotropium arborescens.Pelargonium odoratissimum. spearmint southernwood 5.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 36. Anethum graveolens. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus praecox subsp. orange santolina geranium 11. Galium odoratum.Pelargonium crispum.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Artemisia abrotanum. clary 21.Santolina 25.Poterium sanguisorba. 16. 43.Mentha × piperita. lemon 39. prostrate rosemary 34.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Aloysia triphylla.Marrubium vulgare. white creeping thyme 12. lemon 41. Semple. heliotrope 31. lamb's-ears 17.Ruta graveolens. 19. sativa.Nepeta mussinii. Artemisia dracunculus var. 28.Pelargonium graveolens. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. dill 18. curly mint 3. thyme salad burnet 40. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Rosmarinus officinalis. 29. golden variegated garden sage 38. rosemary 33.Pelargonium denticulatum. crispum. bush basil 23. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. clove pink 10. angustifolia. 27. French tarragon 7.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. purple basil 24. French 26. 42.Lavandula angustifolia. absinthe 20. rue 35.Salvia sclarea. sweet basil 22. Artemisia absinthium.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Lavandula dentata. peppermint 4.Allium schoenoprasum. silver mound artemisia 8. curly parsley 32. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. sweet woodruff 9. lavender 15.Thymus × citriodorus. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Pelargonium tomentosum. lemon 30.Allium tuberosum.Mentha spicata. English thyme horehound 2.Petroselinum crispum var.
lemon verbena. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. too. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. and lantana are a few. < previous page page_52 next page > . Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. if neither is available. a toolhouse. A suitable fence. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. rose. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. rose geranium. A birdbath may replace the pool. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. There are a number of plants suitable for such use.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Artemisia absinthium 11. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.L. green 12. lavender 3.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp. heliotrope 21. The number in each planting area is the key number. 7.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. Landscape Architect. rosescented geranium 17. zonal geranium 19. white creeping thyme 2. lemon thyme 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Chamaemelum nobile.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. A. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.S.A. Thymus praecox subsp. crispum.Rosmarinus officinalis. zonal geranium 18. gray santolina chamomile 14. geranium 16. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. 9. 13. 1. bush basil 5. woolly thyme 15.Pelargonium frutetorum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon 10.Thymus × citriodorus. verbena ambrosia 4.Heliotropium arborescens.Chenopodium botrys. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Aloysia triphylla. arcticus 'Albus'. fern-leaf tansy 8. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Origanum majorana. absinthe 'Minimum'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.
< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Angelica. but the design itself has endured forty years. These can easily obliterate a design. a deep mauve to others. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. mints. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. a sundial. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. the design is clearly traced. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. apothecary's rose. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. As the snows melt. The dwarf box frames the focal point. Box and holly enclose it all. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Hyssop hedges define the circles. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. box. artemisias.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
sweet woodruff45. crimson creeping thyme 18.Teucrium chamaedrys.Origanum onites. 48.Iris × germanica var.Pyrus communis.Stachys byzantina. clove pink 29.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Monarda fistulosa.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. absinthe 34. daffodil 17. blue 50. Canadian burnet 13. yew Beauty'.Buxus sempervirens. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . dyer's woad 9. 59. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Sedum telephium. orris box 22. Santolina virens. fern-leaf tansy 5.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Melissa officinalis.Helleborus atrorubens 12. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. Graham. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. gray 37.Myrrhis odorata.63. alpine 60.Reseda luteola. rosemary 25. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Valeriana officinalis. 67.Galium odoratum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. chamomile 31. rue 23. green santolina 24. marjoram lungwort crispum. 26. garden sage Christmas rose 10. Chamaemelum nobile. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. florentina. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Arisaema dracontium. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Sempervivum tectorum.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia absinthium.Alchemilla vulgaris. skirret 53. 65. weld 54. butterfly weed35. 62. masterwort 69. piney 44. southernwood 2. Rosmarinus officinalis. lady's-mantle 46.Helleborus niger. bronze 64.Foeniculum vulgare.Perillafrutescens.Astrantia major.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. scented. houseleek Lenten rose 11. arcticus 40.Syringa.Tanacetum vulgare var. perilla 51.Vitis. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. Pelargonium in variety.Isatis tinctoria. 1. blue hyssop 42.Symphytum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia. white 66.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 55. grape fennel 19. lamb's-ears 33.Santolina neapolitana 36. thrift 41. arcticus 38. Origanum majorana. valerian 6.Asarum europaeum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 21.Hyssopus officinalis. wild 52.Taxus. green. sweet 27. arcticus 39.Helleborus orientalis. lilac 70. Tropaeolum majus.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. Dianthus caryophyllus. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Thymus praecox subsp.Sium sisarum. feverfew 14. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. orris 57.Alchemilla alpina. winter savory 32. white dead 49.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia camphorata.James D.30. 58.Lilium candidum.47. germander 43.Pulmonaria officinalis. 56.Asclepias tuberosa. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Paeonia officinalis. 'Albus'.Lavandula dentata.Armeria maritima. white creeping thyme French'. Satureja montana. nasturtium 28.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Lamium album.
In addition to the brick edging around each. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. The large. include this one. They are small specialty beds. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. with buds of red." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. At the top of the steps. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. However. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Rosa 'Albertine'. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. < previous page page_56 next page > . rising from the courtyard. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. pink. If there is room for only one rambler rose.
22.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Angelica archangelica.Satureja montana. subsp. angelica 20. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. bush basil 43.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. garden sage 40. 1. rhubarb 2.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. alpine strawberry 3. winter savory 41. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. lavender 4. caraway 24.Rheum rhabarbarum. Lavandula angustifolia.Tanacetum vulgare. Carum carvi.Thymus × citriodorus. 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. lemon balm 42.Borago officinalis.Melissa officinalis. English thyme . foxglove 39. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. tansy Bois'.
French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. French 33.Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var. 36.Mentha × piperita var.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Calendula officinalis.R.'Baronne Prevost'.sativa.Origanum majorana. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. Mexican tea 18.Aloysia triphylla. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. curly parsley 26. salad 7. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. bourbon rose 10. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Chrysanthemum.Pelargonium. pot 50. cheddar pink 53. blue hyssop 25. 29.Chenopodium 55.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Tagetes filifolia. 56.R. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. var.R.Teucrium chamaedrys. borboniana 'La Reine 14.R. centifolia. 49.R. musk rose 12.R. prostrate rosemary 16. 35.Anethum graveolens 47.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Chrysanthemum 46.Laurus nobilis.6. lemon 51. Pelargonium graveolens.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Allium schoenoprasum. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.R. centifolia var.Lavandula dentata. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Satureja hortensis. 45. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. silver 27.Salvia elegans.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. Hyssopus officinalis. 54. French'. sweet 37. geranium in 30. citrata. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. muscosa 15. 31. rose 28. clove pink Mammoth'. marguerite chive 9. Thymus 'Argenteus'. Irish-lace 48.'Albertine'. Consolida ambigua.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Dianthus Victoria'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. thyme frutescens. centifolia 'Cristata'. pineapple34. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.R.Marrubium vulgare.
A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. < previous page page_58 next page > . Beautifully precise and symmetrical. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. as it should be. too. Laid in an unusual pattern. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is near the house. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Balance is augmented.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
sweet basil 14. 20.Ocimum basilicum. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. dill 9. 1. 17.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 21. English thyme signet marigold 11.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf edging box 8.Anethum graveolens.Origanum majorana.Santolina virens.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. gray 15. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Myosotis sylvatica. rosemary yellow viola 10. 19.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. heliotrope 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. white creeping thyme 4. double white peony 5. green 22. 24.Aloysia triphylla.S.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. chive lemon verbena 6.Poterium sanguisorba. 23.Satureja hortensis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Allium schoenoprasum.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. 16.A.Heliotropium arborescens. arcticus 'Albus'. A. blue hyssop 13. Rosmarinus officinalis. Landscape Architect.Salvia officinalis. lavender 2.L. English'. santolina moss rose 7.Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Lucile Teeter Kissack.
well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The grape vines. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and a comfortable. potted lemon verbena. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. and the grape arbor. too. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Herbs. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. the fence with roses. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. < previous page page_60 next page > . winter pruned.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. conical yew rosemary 1. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. marsh climbing rose. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Stachys byzantina.Connecticut Vera Breed. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Iris cristata. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. Nepeta mussinii. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Aloysia triphylla. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Teucrium chamaedrys. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Althaea officinalis. Galium odoratum. three. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Valeriana officinalis. 3. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. purple variegated garden sage 4. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. lemon Linum perenne. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. BED II germander BED IV 2. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis.
salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Lavandula angustifolia subsp. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. catmint 5. beach Marrubium vulgare. Rosmarinus officinalis. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lemon thyme 9. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. plume Baptisia australis. tuberosa 6. Thymus × citriodorus. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. lemon Anemone hybrida. houseleek in variety 7. angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 10. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. creeping thyme in variety 8. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. fairy rose Giant'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Delphinium × belladonna. Chamaemelum nobile. Sempervivum. Thymus. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'.
grew too large. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. its detail is shown below. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . this was replaced with ''edging" box. magnolia. myrtle. Another angle could be tried with these. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Ivy. and bright green in the herb beds. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Herbs. Later. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Either it flourished too well. if desired. holly. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. blue green. silver. planted in bands across these beds. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. tend to broaden the width of the garden.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
spearmint 42. borage 26.Pelargonium fragrans. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . bush basil albula. thyme 38. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. lime geranium 4.Magnolia grandiflora. purple basil savory 35. white creeping thyme 41. English thyme chamomile 2. lamb's. tansy 45.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium × nervosum.Melissa officinalis. salad 43.Monarda didyma. 6. dwarf 21. gray santolina 15.Lavandula angustifolia. Tropaeolum minus. French 27. arcticus 'Albus'. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia ludoviciana var. box chamaecyparissus.Tanacetum vulgare.Myrica pensylvanica.Levisticum officinale.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Thymus herba-barona. Borago officinalis. sweet woodruff 36. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Origanum majorana.Rumex scutatus. dwarf edging box 11.Pelargonium graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. American holly 31. silver-king artemisia 23.Artemisia dracunculus var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet 34.Thymus 'Argenteus'. caraway thyme 40.Teucrium chamaedrys.Hedera helix.Laurus nobilis.19. woolly thyme 8. bayberry balm thyme 13. English ivy burnet 10. ears rose geranium 3. 25.Poterium sanguisorba.Chamaemelum nobile. 44. rue 20.Galium odoratum. Ruta graveolens. 'Minimum'. lemon 46. 49. lemon 29. bee balm30. Ocimum basilicum 22. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 1.Thymus × citriodorus.Rosmarinus officinalis. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. bay rosemary 12. horehound germander 17. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Vinca minor. winter 'Purpurascens'.Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha suaveolens.Thymus carnosus. English'. Ocimum basilicum 24.Artemisia abrotanum. purple garden sage 7. 28. Stachys byzantina. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. 33. thyme 37. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. French thyme 39.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. myrtle 47.Satureja montana.Mentha spicata.Ilex opaca.Thymus doerfleri.Buxus sempervirens 14. lovage 48.
It is located for the best viewing. too. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. too. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. adding to the space for walking. The use of flagstone. accent this prime focal point even more. It is a large garden. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. brick. Laurus nobilis. potted shrubs. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. standards. and treessome of which are espaliered. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. < previous page page_64 next page > . Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. There is variety in the walks. maypoles. The four potted bay. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.
wild 28. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 25. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.Nigella damascena.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 49.P. Satureja montana. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . love-in.P.odoratissimum.P. 51.P.quercifolium. Johnny-jump.acerifolium. musty oakscented geranium 5.53. fragrans. 26.50.P. winter 27.Viola tricolor. lemon 29. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. pot 52. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Calendula officinalis.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Thymus × citriodorus. apple English thyme up geranium 3. 1.Chenopodium botrys.
Livingston'. chamomile 8. white creeping thyme geranium 68. crowfoot 70.Acorus calamus. crispum 'Minor'. lettuce 40. camphor-scented geranium 69.Mentha pulegium.Salvia caerulea. forsythia 'Albus'. graveolens. denticulatum 11. orange geranium 23.Mentha.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm 63. 58.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. crispum.Malus angustifolia. 64.Artemisia dracunculus var. fern-leaf 60. lemon-rose geranium 22. pine crispum.Melissa officinalis.× nervosum. radens 'Dr. lemon southernwood geranium 34. classic 21.Pelargonium crispum. lemon balm 45. 61. lemon 65. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.P.Anethum graveolens. lemon geranium 56. parsley 35. lemon 47. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.P.Malus. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Allium schoenoprasum. Rosmarinus officinalis.P.Forsythia. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Foeniculum vulgare. lime geranium 55.Artemisia abrotanum. lettuce 39.P. 57.P. peppermint 67. lemon geranium 33.Achilleafilipendula. English lavender 32. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . rosemary 9. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Tanacetum vulgare var.P. sweet 37. wild thyme 31. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. French tarragon Rose'. pheasant's.Origanum dictamnus. box 19.Fragaria vesca. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. white sweet yarrow violet 13. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.6. tomentosum. blue hyssop 10. strawberry 48. arcticus43.P.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. bay 20.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. sweet flag 16.Myrtus communis.P.Monarda didyma. denticulatum. Chamaemelum nobile.Poncirus trifoliata.72. bronze 38. cherry tomato chive 17.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. garden sage 54.P.Thymus serpyllum. fern-leaf 'Nana'. glutinosum.Laurus nobilis. radens. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.P.Marrubium vulgare.Petroselinum crispum.Viola odorata.Allium senescens var. 62.P.P. 44. salad 42.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum majorana. golden lemon thyme 7. 41. rose geranium66.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. dill 36. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Levisticum officinale.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Poterium sanguisorba. 71. Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 46.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.
and Allium karataviense. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. < previous page page_66 next page > . Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. In keeping with this feeling. This is a large garden by any standard. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. green santolina. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. too. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
French tarragon schoenoprasum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive 4. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Thymus praecox subsp. fringed 7. lemon 11. blue hyssop 16. dwarf garden 17.Florence B.Levisticum officinale.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Allium sativa. Artemisia dracunculus var. 1. garden sage 18. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. arcticus. apple mint 13. big blue lilyturf 12.Salvia officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja montana. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Artemisia frigida. green santolina 14. Baker. wormwood fennel 2. 8.Allium moly.Thymus × citriodorus. 15.Liriope muscari. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens. winter savory 9.Hyssopus officinalis. Santolina virens. gray 10.Salvia officinalis.Allium christophii.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. for the box after new spring growth. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. and the front porch of the house. the square. the upper deck. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Many herb gardens could provide this. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. < previous page page_70 next page > . the circle. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
winter savory 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . lavender 5.Cupressus sempervirens.Chamaemelum nobile. lemon 8. dwarf myrtle 6. Italian cypress 9. 1.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cedrus deodara.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. dwarf edging box 7.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. viola 3. chamomile 2.
Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. from Peter Coats. as it was with this plan. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright.. Roses." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Coin with Tudor rose design.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Paths are gravel. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
chamomile 4.Lactuca sativa. pot marigold 15. Thymus serpyllum. rosemary 16.Lilium candidum. 22. spearmint 30. Malva sylvestris. sweet violet 6. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. Chamaemelum nobile. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Calendula officinalis.Anemone pulsatilla. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. monkshood27. English daisy 36. winter 32. Dianthus caryophyllus. Madonna 23.Poterium sanguisorba. wild thyme 5.The number in each planting area is the key number. 19. 1.Crocus sativus.Bellis perennis.Petroselinum crispum. yellow flag 26.Satureja montana. salad burnet 10.Lavandula angustifolia. English pasqueflower primrose 14. rue 33. caraway 35. 34. Origanum majorana. Hyssopus officinalis.Crithmum maritimum. 25.Viola tricolor. earth 24.Carum carvi. absinthe peppermint 8. oxlip 17.Viola odorata.Mentha × piperita.Buxus sempervirens.Melissa officinalis. lettuce 28. blue hyssop 2. saffron lily crocus 12. Foeniculum vulgare.Myrtus communis. parsley 29.Mentha spicata. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. classic myrtle 18. Eryngium maritimum.Aconitum napellus. lemon balm 31.Primula elatior.Fragaria vesca.Ruta graveolens. sweet marjoram 3. clove20. fennel 21.Iris pseudacorus. mallow 13.Primula vulgaris.Rosmarinus officinalis.Fumaria officinalis.
like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. spurred. its tufted. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . Selected for this reason.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. but Always Love. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. most of the blooms are nightscented. along with a measure of fragrance. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. plumed. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. white blooms and woolly. However." Concrete blocks. silver mound.
Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galanthus nivalis.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. white 32. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. horehound 2. pink 15.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Lilium candidum.Dictamnus albus. Stachys byzantina.19.Marrubiam vulgare. Thymus 'Argenteus'. petunia 30. silver 16. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. silver mound artemisia 3. 'Albus'. 17.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. 1.Galium odoratum. white . sweet 31. lamb's.
Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Hesperis matronalis. dame's honesty rocket 14. lily-ofthe-valley 11. white 27.Lunaria annua.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. lavender 12.6. Artemisia lactiflora. 26. western mugwort 7.Matthiola incana. tulip 38.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Iris × germanica var.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. Adam's. orris 8.Artemisia ludoviciana. tuberose 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 23. albula. Yucca filamentosa. sweet violet 20.21. white 22. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Rosa 'Cinderella'.Ipomoea alba.Convallaria majalis. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 25. rose 40. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. Viola odorata. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Artemisia stellerana.Artemisia ludoviciana var. white stock absinthe 10. Artemisia absinthium.Salvia sclarea.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. needle florentina.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. beach mugwort wormwood 9. tulip 37.Polianthes tuberosa. moonflower 39. rose 41. clary 24. 28. daffodil 35.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Malus 'Guiding Star'.
related to an old mill reconstruction. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. < previous page page_76 next page > . The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. too. Many of these herbs lack the hues. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. required their use as an educational adjunct. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. This herb garden. textures. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Rather.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Agrimonia eupatoria. Abutilon theophrasti. African 45.Tagetes erecta. fuller's 30. dyer's 31.Prunus persica.Dipsacus sativus.38.Hydrastis canadensis. privet marigold 15. sweet 49.Genista tinctoria.Rumex acetosa. blueberry 13.Parmelia conspersa. yellow 55.Furcraea hexapetala.Coptis trifolia.Isatis tinctoria.Monarda didyma..Galium verum. golden 40. peach bracken sorrel 19. St. garden 56.Cotinus coggygria. weld 57. 20. Agave fourcroydes. 43. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Chelidonium majus. dyer's broom safflower 6.Indigofera tinctoria. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. black-eyed 50. 48. woad Susan laevifolium. onion China jute 4.46. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. bee 36. broad 42. 47.Cytisus scoparius.51.Allium cepa. sisal 27.Galium odoratum. Linum usitatissimum.Rubia tinctorum. 37. Hibiscus cannabinus. Sansevieria trifasciata.Crocus sativus. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Hypericum perforatum. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. Gossypium hirsutum.Filipendula ulmaria.Rhus typhina. 39.Solidago species.Anthemis tinctoria. lily.Carthamus tinctorius. 53.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Rudbeckia hirta.Viburnum acerifolium. stinging nettle44. 1.Rumex obtusifolius. French 33.Mahonia aquifolium. 32. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Convallaria majalis.Ligustrum vulgare. goldthread 41.Cladrastis lutea. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. 34.Anchusa officinalis. 22. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. Scotch broom hemp 7.Pteridium aquilinum. sumac poke 17. Agave sisalana.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 23. 28. alkanet 52. madder 54. Boehmeria nivea.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Coreopsis tinctoria. 35.Genista germanica. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Morus rubra or alba.Berberis vulgaris. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . Musa textilis. 26.Phytolacca americana. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Sanguinaria canadensis. 29. queen.Tagetes patula. Manila 25. ramie 24.Urtica dioica.Polygonum hydropiperoides. flax 21. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Reseda luteola.
A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. as well as the roses. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. < previous page page_78 next page > . by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. A totally appealing edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Elsewhere.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
Alfred de Rougemont'. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. rambler 19. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 23. 24. cl. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Sombreuil'. Legras de St. cl. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 25. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 1. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. cl. 'Mignonette' 5. 18. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 22. 'Queen of the Prairies'. cl. 'Seven Sisters'. 'American Pillar'. rambler 20. 'Belle Amour' 6.
The notch of four square feet. < previous page page_80 next page > . this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. Circles and angles provide interest. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
esculentum 'Long Black'.S.B. garlic chive 44.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. Boerner. shallot Lakes'.B.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. annuum 'Variegata'. graveolens var. C. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. tuberosum.B. 25. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. annuum 'Teno'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.B. oleracea 'Green Parade'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. giant garlic var. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. 29. 40.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.B. 26.C. cherry tomato 34.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.Cichorium intybus. melongena 2. Capsicum annuum var. schoenoprasum. sprouts celery 8. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. 30. red-flowered kale 6. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .Apium graveolens var. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. C.A. pear Purple Vienna'. Petroselinum crispum var.B.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. C. 45. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.A. annuum 'Pinocchio'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. crispum 'Banquet'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. C. annuum 'Fips'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. white-flowered kale 49. dulce 47. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. annuum 'Black Prince'.C.A.B.B. 39. Beauty'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.L.B. C. melongena 1. scorodoprasum. red 38. chive 42. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.A.annuum 'Floral Gem'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. kohlrabi Rock'.L. dulce 'Utah 5270'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.C. 27. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. celery I 31. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. dulce 50. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.C.sativa 'Ruby'. celery Group. annuum 'Nosegay'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.A.C. curly eggplant parsley 23. cepa Proliferum Group. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.A. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. graveolens var. 22. C. 32. oleracea 'Prima'. C. red 37. celery Bed 9. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. leek 5. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. graveolens var. lycopersicum var.Solanum melongena var. 24.S. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.A.B. ruby swiss chard var. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. annuum 'Red Boy'.A.C. annuum 'Golden Bell'. oleracea 'Red Acre'.A.B. 28. eggplant 43. 48. annuum 'Mosaic'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.
The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. All of the circles. winter savory.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and golden thyme. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. When viewed from the terrace above. arcs. for each is a complete entity. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
inkberry geranium 9. P. tomentosum.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. 29.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . Satureja montana. Landscape Architect. 15. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.L.P..P. P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. germander crowfoot geranium 21. 17.P. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.Melissa R.P. maple-leaved 18.P. Marshall.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. 12. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.A.P.P. Santolina virens. orange geranium 8. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. rose geranium 27. graveolens. 19. rose-scented geranium 4. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. odoratissimum. golden 11. Teucrium chamaedrys.× nervosum. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P.P. × domesticum 6. crispum 'French Lace. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. Assoc. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P.S.P.P. The number in each planting area is the key number.' lemon geranium 23. grossularioides. crispum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. acerifolium. A. lemon geranium 22. scabrum. lime geranium Rose'. peppermint 26. radens 'Dr.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.Myrica pensylvanica. apricot geranium28. 1. green 14.P. winter 13.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. oak-leaved geranium 16. Livingston'.P. P.Ilex glabra. pungent-scented geranium 25. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. gooseberry geranium 24.
A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. and growth to the plants of the knot design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. For the knot to look its best at all times. was planted using edging box only. 1. filled with plants that have contrasting color. texture. sand. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. Maintenance is high for a knot. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. closed knot design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. such as a dwarf edging box.Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. To ease the care for a more complicated design. English lavender 2. on page 37. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. Its interspaces can be mulched. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many.Lavandula angustifolia. or marble chips. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. which is framed with a brick edging. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. . especially when it is blooming. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. blue hyssop 3.
green santolina 2.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 4. gray santolina 3.Santolina virens. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . 1.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.
Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. The knot material is maintained at six inches. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. rosemary creeping thyme 2. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. arcticus 'Coccineus'. In another departure from the usual. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.Thymus praecox subsp. 8. which is found more often out in the open. white 7. which are confined to that area. arcticus 'Albus'.S.T. Rosmarinus officinalis. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. 'Munstead'. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. fig 4. caraway thyme 9. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. purple variegated 11. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.officinalis 'Tricolor'. variegated garden sage . A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.T. the height of the edging. creeping thymes.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. herba-barona. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Some maintenance is required for clipping. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. lavender Japanese barberry 5. Teucrium chamaedrys. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. praecox subsp.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. 1.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender . Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. gray santolina 2.Teucrium canadense. American germander 3. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
germander .< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. setting it off admirably. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.
which are also laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. again laid on edge. each one a quarter-circle. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. adding another facet to an appealing design. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. < previous page page_88 next page > . The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. a complement for the colors of the plant material. pleasing color. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
tree artemisia 26. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . lavender 9. 17.Allium senescens var.Teucrium fruticans.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. 16. blue sage 13. 1. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Marrubium incanum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 5.Perovskia atriplicifolia. candicans.Helichrysum angustifolium.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Leontopodium alpinum. curry plant 7. 18. glaucum 11. lavender 8.Anthemis marschalliana. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Santolina neapolitana 10.Artemisia arborescens.Crithmum maritimum. dwarf gray santolina 20.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. dwarf 12. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. silver horehound 19. golden marguerite 25.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Salvia argentea. Russian sage 24. rue 21.Salvia clevelandii.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Argenteus'. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Rosea'. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. samphire14. French lavender 3.Anthemis tinctoria. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. silver sage 15.Stachys byzantina. tree germander 22. silver thyme 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. woolly yarrow 23.Artemisia frigida.Lavandula dentata var.
If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. lady's-mantle. Styles of containers. basil. which include hanging baskets. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Some are rosemary. If one is familiar with herbs. oregano. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. < previous page page_90 next page > . are without number. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. As with other plant material. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. The color of the container plays a lesser role. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. thyme. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. sweet marjoram. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. and the savories.
providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > .
Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
L. If children's interest is not sustained.S. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. A. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. < previous page page_95 next page > . Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. LandscapeArchitect.A. However. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Of course supervision is necessary. such an outlay would be unwarranted.
" selected for their greater fragrance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. Instead of benches on the patio. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. they are easily handpicked. < previous page page_96 next page > . These are ''old roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Just keep a garden design for children simple. too. Children in this age group can help with the construction.
L. A.A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. .S.
crispum.Hedeoma pulegioides. neapolitanum. English lavender 7. borage 15.Origanum majorana. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. ambrosia 2. 19. garlic chive 29.Allium sativum var.Anethum graveolens.Salvia officinalis.Allium tuberosum. lovage 12. dwarf 6.Tropaeolum minus.Petroselinum crispum var. garden sage 24. pot marigold 8.Isatis tinctoria.The number in each planting area is the key number. Nigella damascena. love-in-a-mist 14. Italian parsley 23. ophioscorodon. alpine strawberry 3. damask rose 32.Rosa gallica.Chenopodium botrys. 16. 20. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Petroselinum crispum var.Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja hortensis. glaucum 31. 13. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. dill pennyroyal 11. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. summer savory 22. lily leek 30.Marrubium vulgare. American 21. catnip 27.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia camphorata. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Rosa damascena.rocambole 28. clary 25. Borago officinalis. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . southernwood 5. 1.Allium moly. English lavender 4. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. horehound 26.Allium senescens var. Dianthus plumarius. Levisticum officinale. cottage pink 18.Artemisia abrotanum.Calendula officinalis.Nepeta cataria.
was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. previously used as a skating rink. are a seal and a turtle. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. < previous page page_98 next page > . All are inviting to the touch.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The oval. not noted on the plan. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. The sculptures.
F.A. .A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect.R.
fat-hen Primula veris. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. English Tussilago farfara. chive dandelion Allium sativum. mint Galium odoratum. bee orchid Erigeron. Nepeta cataria. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. bee balm Satureja montana. cowslip Linaria. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. tansy Monarda didyma. marigold Salvia officinalis. mint Tagetes. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. fleabane Stellaria. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. winter savory Mentha. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. Foeniculum vulgare. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. borage Tanacetum vulgare. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. lousewort Viola canina. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. Allium schoenoprasum. dog violet Lemna. duckweed Antennaria. chamomile Mentha. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. Trifolium pratense. Greek Stachys byzantina. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. coltsfoot Mimulus. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile.Hedeoma pulegioides. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > .
Instead. developed particularly for study. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. feverfew. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Here. A number of wooden window frames. are superb for displaying potted herbs. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. < previous page page_101 next page > . Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. a mint. Its plant list. Their height eases the task of weeding. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. and old barn beams another about the same height. it is a most satisfying growing situation.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. an exceedingly long one. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. for an old barn foundation of stone. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. its wooden structure long gone. Still. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
golden thyme 98.Galium odoratum.Physalis heterophylla. white creeping thyme 97. basilicum 56.Viola tricolor. sweet 41. variegated garden sage 87. 45. sweet cicely 94. graveolens.Sium sisarum. arcticus 'Coccineus'.A.A. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Artemisia dracunculus var. yarrow herb Robert 4.Satureja montana.Marrubium vulgare. plantain 80.Pulmonaria officinalis. pot marigold 25. onites.Digitalis purpurea. pontica.Calendula officinalis.O. nitidus. purple basil English lavender 18. wild lemon basil ginger 16. celandine madder 79. 54. winter savory 88. abrotanum. 'Purpurascens'. herba-barona. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. pink 58.T.Chrysanthemum balsamita. St. 62.O.Nepeta mussinii.49. wormwood germander 9.T.Veronica serpyllifolia. 42. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. 61. bee balm lovage 20. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Monarda didyma.S. southernwood houseleek 12.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthium.A.Agastache foeniculum. pallasianus. odoratissimum. Grecian 59. catmint 63.Lavandula angustifolia. golden variegated garden sage 86.Teucrium chamaedrys. rose sativa.Viola odorata.Hypericum perforatum.Ruta graveolens. angelica lemon geranium 5. caraway thyme 103. officinalis 'Purpurea'. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Digitalis lanata. arcticus 'Albus'.Melissa officinalis. skirret 90.T. balm horehound 14. majorana. officinalis 'Aurea'.Hyssopus officinalis.P.Agastache cana. praecox subsp. alpine savory 89.Ranunculus ficaria.Chelidonium majus. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.-John'swort 91. calamint valerian 24.A. sweet violet 40.T. rampion 81. purple variegated garden sage 85.T. rosemary 82. apple wormwood geranium 8.Rosmarinus officinalis.Myrrhis odorata. sweet 53. French tarragon geranium 7. lemon thyme 100. tomentosum. crimson creeping thyme 96.Lychnis coronaria.T. 48. golden marjoram 26. 50. 55.Echium vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. fern-leaf tansy 95. dyer's woodruff broom 3. camphor. 60.Achillea millefolium. lesser 67.Campanula persicifolia. garden sage 84.Stachys officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var. rue 83.Euphorbia cyparissias.Calamintha grandiflora.S.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.O. woolly thyme 101. 1. crispum. Roman 46.Ocimum basilicum. thyme 102. 44.Rubia tinctorum.Pelargonium crispum. pot marjoram bugloss 27.P. foxglove 2.O.O. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Asarum canadense. creeping veronica .T.Althaea officinalis. × citriodorus.Genista tinctoria. marsh mallow 13. southernwood ground cherry 10. beach 47. silver thyme 105. stellerana.Acinos alpinus. camphorata.Sempervivum tectorum.Levisticum officinale.Plantago major. didyma 'Rosea'. betony 92. mosquito plant 19. officinalis 'Tricolor'.T 'Argenteus'.S. odorous thyme 104.Valeriana officinalis. sweet celandine marjoram 28.A.Stachys grandifora 93. basil blue hyssop 15.Alchemilla vulgaris. golden lemon thyme 99.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon verbena 106. 43.P.Campanula rapunculus.T.A. absinthe 51. 64. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. viper's 65.Salvia officinalis. lemon 52. 'Clear Gold'.Aloysia triphylla. basilicum 'Minimum'. foxglove cypress spurge 21.M.Angelica archangelica. richardii subsp. bee balm57. 66. rose costmary campion 23. praecox subsp.Geranium robertianum.
Verbascum thapsus.Primula veris. orange mint 32.Helichrysum angustifolium. garlic 111. × piperita var.M. 76. 73.Anthriscus cerefolium. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . orach115.V. citrata. spearmint 107.Laurus nobilis.Yucca filamentosa. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. ostrowskianum 34.M. curry plant mullein 35. yucca 109. 114.29.Allium sativum.Dianthus plumarius 75. dyer's woad 110.Origanum dictamnus.Sorbaria sorbifolia.A.Myrtus communis. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Cichorium intybus. feverfew cinerariifolium.Lysimachia vulgaris.Prunus pensylvanica. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. Madonna lily leucanthemum. Proliferum Group.Isatis tinctoria. blattaria.A.cepa.Oenothera biennis.Origanum vulgare.Chrysanthemum 78. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. cowslip 72. evening 77. chamomile 30. veronica 108.Veronica officinalis. chervil 68. pineapple mint 31. pin cherry 39. tree onion 112.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Symphytum officinale. red mint comfrey 33.M. chicory 70. apple mint 69. spicata. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Lilium candidum.Chamaemelum nobile. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Chrysanthemum 74.Mentha suaveolens. 71.M. × gentilis. moth 113. wild 116.Atriplex hortensis.
< previous page page_104 next page > . its outline constructed of brick. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. but not obvious. A statue of St. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. not just hiding it. A wheelshaped bed. Francis. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. of good proportion for the size of the opening.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
gypsywort Montia perfoliata. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. AREA IV Ixia maculata. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. potato Brassica eruca. only those not found on other lists are noted here. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Cestrum nocturnum. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. labdanum Cistus crispus. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. AREA VI japonica. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. lion's-ear prismaticum. poet's Solidago californica. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. Eriobotrya japonica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. cat Watsonia rosea. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. menthifolia. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. Eleocharis dulcis. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. Sidney Ephedra viridis. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . white Justicia carnea. loquat Cichorium intybus. Vetiveria zizanioides. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. oregano Anemone hupehensis var.
The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. < previous page page_106 next page > . not only for hardiness where needed. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. One is a garden of legends. to name a few. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. another a Mary garden. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. but also for proper leaf size. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. an "old rose" and fragrant.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. emphasizes the circle. or potpourri. The exterior brick path. is a center of interest. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. and a third a culinary garden. scented-leaf geraniums.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
angelica 2. black 23. English ivy rosemary 8. blue 18. chamomile 3. Artemisia absinthium. sweet marjoram basil 12. dill 11. saffron crocus marigold 7.Ocimum basilicum. English thyme 13. pyrethrum 5. Chamaemelum nobile. rue 28. 1.Ornithogalum umbellatum. Anethum graveolens. Johnny-jump. yellow 25.Mentha spicata.Allium schoenoprasum.20.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. absinthe 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.19. pot 26. spearmint 22.The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 21. 27.Ruta graveolens. flax 17.Narcissus mustard 14. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Angelica archangelica. chive bedstraw 16. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum majorana.Brassica nigra. lady's. Hyssopus officinalis.Hedera helix. Viola tricolor.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden up sage 10.Calendula officinalis.Galium verum. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Lamium album. costmary 6. hyssop rose 9.Alchemilla vulgaris. Linum usitatissimum. white dead 24.Crocus sativus.
Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. < previous page page_108 next page > .
rue Malva alcea var. perennial flax Galium odoratum. bay Echeveria × imbricata. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. blue Lamium maculatum. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. thyme Cnicus benedictus. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Cotinus coggygria. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. sweet Myrtus communis. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. clove Marrubium vulgare. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. Russian 'Prostratus'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. Myrrhis odorata. beach Monarda didyma. peppermint Laurus nobilis. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . fastigiata. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'.
where paths enter an area or take a different direction. features a closed knot of superior design. Viewed from the terrace garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. Appropriately used as accents. The generous use of edgings. < previous page page_110 next page > . fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. and huge. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. simply on a smaller scale. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. too. millstones. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. This is a general rule observed. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole.
gray santolina 7. blue hyssop 3.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Hyssopus officinalis. cheddar pink 4.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. 'Tiny Rubies'.S. and the mulch.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. of greater size than is commonly found. Routine clipping is required. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.L. germander 2. green santolina 6. that of good proportion. Design plan of herb garden 1.Santolina virens. six feet in diameter. The number in each planting area is the key number. Landscape Architect. lavender 5.A. dwarf box . has its size dictated by a rule of design. A.
Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. goat willow Sassafras albidum. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. quince Magnolia virginiana. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. box Myrica pensylvanica. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. black haw Prunus americana. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. plum Prunus maritima. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. dogwood Pinus nigra. box Calycanthus fioridus. honey locust Cornus florida. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. shadbush Salix caprea. beach plum Corylus avellana. japonica.
arcticus 'Rosea' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Currently. Lavandula. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Annie Hall' T. its plant material varied. Salvia. and a miscellany of others. leucotrichus T. 'Argenteus'. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. doerfleri T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. Rosmarinus. However. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. praecox subsp. caraway thyme T. herba-barona. 'Doone Valley' . A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. silver thyme T. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. As a rule. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. arcticus T.
French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. golden thyme T. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. angustifolia. pine-scented rosemary R. involucrata. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. ramie . autumn sage S. angustifolia subsp. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustissimus. officinalis 'Aurea'. leucantha. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. greggii. sweet lavender L. purple variegated garden sage S. blue sage S. anise sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Prostratus'. English lavender L. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. 'Clear Gold'. golden rosemary R. vulgaris 'Albus' T. heterophylla. dentata.T. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia subsp. golden variegated sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. Mexican bush sage S. guaranitica. arcticus 'Coccineus'.
sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. culinary. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Herniaria glabra. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Prunella vulgaris. L. The house. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. The apple trees. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. horsetail. used in salads or boiled.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. rupturewort. Sium sisarum. Physostegia virginiana. Equisetum arvense. Smith. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. obedient plant. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Cheloneglabra. Hesperis matronalis. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . for scrubbing pots. constructed of brick made on the property. a well beside the house. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. to lure bees. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Primarily. which were located between the water supply. balmony. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. family needsmedicinal. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Circumstances determined these priorities. to sweeten the air.
too. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. < previous page page_116 next page > . The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. while functional. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. for a few are in use now. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. Today. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. too.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Malus angustifolia.Ficus carica. rosemary 2. 15.Lagerstroemia indica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Laurus nobilis. Banksia rose 14. southern laciniata.Pinus taeda. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . garlic 9. wisteria 13. yellow 12.Wisteria frutescens. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lonicera flava.Rosa banksiae. bay 7. 16.Punica granatum.Syringa × persica var.Prunus angustifolia. 1. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. Cape jasmine 10. Gardenia jasminoides.Lonicera sempervirens.Allium sativum. trumpet 11. pomegranate 3.Sambucus canadensis. fig 6. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.
The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The effect would be quite different without them. < previous page page_118 next page > . It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Italy. Appropriately.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. too. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
37.Calendula officinalis. myrtle 53. rue 56. saffron crocus 25. sativa. 45.Xanthoriza simplicissima. 38. St. fennel 40. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Allium schoenoprasum.Calycanthus fioridus.Lonicera sempervirens. 68.Artemisia dracunculus var. 61. hyssop sassafras 20. American holly 16. peppermint 52.Digitalis purpurea.Symphytum officinale.Colchicum autumnale. borage 31. sweet 64.Punica granatum.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Acorus calamus.Laurus nobilis. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. fuller's teasel 67. great 47.Artemisia abrotanum.Anethum graveolens. 42.Lobelia siphilitica.Chimaphila umbellata. foxglove 41. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. black 29.Salvia officinalis.Ilex opaca.Lindera benzoin.Monarda punctata. 70. 63.Pulmonaria officinalis. 60. garden sage 59.Vinca minor. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Hamamelis virginiana.Gaultheria procumbens.Pinckneya pubens. blue 44.Mentha × piperita. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Cornus florida.Verbascum thapsus. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. bee balm 28.Marrubium vulgare.Ruta graveolens.Asarum virginicum.57. box chamomile 9.Galium odoratum.Asclepias tuberosa.Achillea millefolium.Agrimonia eupatoria.Cassia marilandica. horsemint lobelia 23.Teucrium chamaedrys. butterfly 32. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. mullein 49.Rosa laevigata. blue 46. sweet 27.Rubus allegheniensis. 33.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. bay lavender wintergreen 21. 43. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 50.Crocus sativus. sweet shrub 10.Dianthus caryophyllus.Mentha spicata.Mentha pulegium.Paeonia officinalis.Lilium candidum. peony 51.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. agrimony 58.Sassafras albidum. catnip 34.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Eupatorium perfoliatum. spearmint 62. yellow-root 7.Hypericum perforatum.Rosmarinus officinalis. wild ginger69. clove 36. 66. 55.Monarda didyma. sweet flag marigold 24. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Borago officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Populus balsamifera. senna woodruff 15.Foeniculum vulgare.Tanacetum vulgare.Nepeta cataria. yarrow lungwort 22. balm autumn crocus 2. 30. dill 39.Ocimum basilicum. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Dipsacus sativus. 1. dogwood horehound 18.Buxus sempervirens.Armoracia rusticana.Ilex vomitoria. basil chive 3.Chamaemelum nobile. pot 48.Melissa officinalis. lovage 35. tansy 65.Elizabeth Lawrence. lemon 26. 54.Cimicifuga racemosa.
and fragrances they developed. preventives. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. 1 T. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. This is true for the remedies. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. < previous page page_120 next page > . This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. of herbs for one loaf of bread. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. In any event.
Digitalis purpurea.Levisticum officinale. tansy 11.Rosmarinus officinalis.Carum carvi. Calendula officinalis. caraway 19.Lavandula angustifolia.Viburnum prunifolium.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda punctata. English 10. catnip 16. spearmint 17. apothecary's rose 22. pot marigold 2. foxglove 12.Mentha × piperita. lavender lovage 3. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Salvia officinalis. winter savory 4.Marrubium vulgare. black haw 23.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia absinthium. quince 24. opium poppy 5. 14. garden sage 8.Papaver somniferum.Origanum majorana. 1.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. sweet marjoram 6.Pyrus communis.Cydonia oblonga.Nepeta cataria. English thyme rosemary 7. blue hyssop 21. horehound 15. peppermint 18. absinthe 9. horsemint 20.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet basil 13.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum.
Some could be used singly. one dated 1759. for example the large square bed with circular path. from early Moravian settlements. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. The beds are used to achieve balance. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. to study it. and bricks raise the beds.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Shaded by hop vines. the other 1761. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. The main paths of brick unify the garden. often it is reconstructed. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. centrally located. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and if the best has not always survived. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Thus it was for this garden. makes it something of a focal point. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. < previous page page_122 next page > . Allowed such freedom of expression. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities.
Landscape Architect.L.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.S.A. . Campbell. A.
Scabiosa atropurpurea.Magnolia grandiflora.Celosia cristata.Rosa centifolia.Lilium candidum.77.Borago officinalis. columbine 29. 1.Nepeta cataria. basil moss rose 44. comfrey 33.Chamaemelum nobile. caraway 72.Artemisia absinthium. stock 50. blue 69. mugwort67. rue 14. virgin's bower 40. 48. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. garden sage 15. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. hyssop maypop 42. garlic lungwort 36. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . Carolina jessamine 38.Anethum graveolens.Rheum rhabarbarum.Humulus lupulus.Atriplex hortensis. madder 16. hop southernwood 39.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. marsh mallow 7. borage 5.Saponaria officinalis.Rosa damascena. horehound 56.Rosa eglanteria. spearmint 57. fennel marjoram 28. orach 76.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia vulgaris.Rosa gallica. saffron peppermint crocus 35. 68. cockscomb 47. dwarf nasturtium 13. sweet 71.Dianthus caryophyllus.Colchicum autumnale.Gelsemium sempervirens.Silybum marianum. tansy 6.Rosa roxburghii. clove 53.Allium sativum.Pulmonaria officinalis. autumn crocus 34.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Tropaeolum minus. blessed thistle 8.Marrubium vulgare.Foeniculum vulgare.Petroselinum crispum.Aquilegia vulgaris.Ficus. English 78.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Matthiola incana. dill 73.Amaranthus caudatus.Bellis perennis. eglantine Group. chamomile 17. blue 63.Passiflora incarnata.Rubia tinctorum.Ocimum basilicum. poet's narcissus 61.Lagerstroemia indica. yarrow 4.Tropaeolum majus. lemon 64. damask coriander rose 19. lavender rose 21.Cornusflorida.Cercis canadensis.Salvia viridis. 81. catnip 70.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Papaver rhoeas.Alcea rosea. asparagus 31.Crocus sativus.Hydrangea quercifolia. betony 82.Cnicus benedictus.Narcissus poeticus.Carum carvi.Allium schoenoprasum. absinthe 45.Clematis virginiana.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Asparagus officinalis. feverfew southern magnolia 27. red pepper 20. 80. 66. elecampane 11. English thyme 2.Rosmarinus officinalis.Althaea officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. garden nasturtium 12.Origanum majorana.Coriandrum sativum.Mentha spicata. rosemary49. grape larkspur 41.Symphytum officinale. black cumin 46. hollyhock 51. cabbage angustifolia. French rose 18.Levisticum officinale.Vitis. sweet 55. sorrel 65.Ruta graveolens. clary 30.Mentha × piperita. 74. Madonna lily 59. redbud 24.Salvia sclarea.Nigella sativa. polyanthus narcissus 60.Narcissus tazetta.Rumex acetosa.Rosa moschata.Tanacetum vulgare.Consolida ambigua. lovage 9. 62. love.Inula helenium. balm chive 37.Achillea millefolium. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. annual clary 3. 52. 54.Armoracia rusticana. chestnut rose 43. corn poppy 79. holy thistle 58.Stachys officinalis. rhubarb 10. parsley 32. daisy crape myrtle 23.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
This space was never adequate. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. First.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. The next most desirable exposure. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. and the north point is established. A ravine and existing. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Thus. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. even boggy. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). Usually this is least desirable. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. far from the house. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Although some observations may seem obvious. it is proper to make a trial run. Calluna (heather). the western. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. The lesser the scale.
One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Then. The new herb garden has been located. and the search did not take long. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. but it need not be identical. The. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. another is close to the rear of the house. Indeed. certainly not precisely the same. and the property line on the last. There is the housegarage structure on one side. single bed.ground where drainage is better. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. 127 indicates. The outline is fixed. as the drawing on p. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. a driveway on still another. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. It was a pleasurable assignment. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The general outline is similar. < previous page page_126 next page > . all four sides are so determined.
then north. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. forming the outer boundary of the service path. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. Two drawings were required to work out problems. If all is well. If. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. as in this case. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. In addition. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. this low wall will enclose the garden area. In fact. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. With the plan established.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. There was no . Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. something is amiss. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
However. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. A structural edging was in order. the eight-foot length was more practical. In this area. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. not one completed in a weekend. and the finished edging would be effective. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. however. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. At corners. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. Before edgings could be put in place. In the earlier stage of planning. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. eight. this was. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. admittedly. the site required some leveling. In this case. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. . even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. a lapped joint was fashioned. However.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The latter need to be more substantially paved.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. but there are exits to different levels. this same base underlies all the paths. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. This method of treatment now guarantees . Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. for they will likely have more traffic. The pattern is running bond. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. selected for its simplicity. One is the ramp to the driveway. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Aged compost. leaves. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Unfortunately. Weeds. Heavy black plastic. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. sand. A choice of five colors was available. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. had been proof of that. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. could serve this purpose. filling the beds with soil was next. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers.
it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. on a trial run of one course of brick. However. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. even bed for the pavers. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. worth the added cost. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.
With the completion of the paths. French drains. Sometimes called "rubble drains. . In this instance. since that path borders the house. learned about decades earlier. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. Herbs have flourished in the beds. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. converging where it was logical to do so. for it would interfere with the drainage system. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. the terraced area. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain." their construction can be somewhat varied. and the steps to other levels.
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in Artemisia ludoviciana var. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Its arrow points north and. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. often a wall or trellis. in inches. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. in tenths of an inch. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. sixteenths of an inch. is symmetrical. twelfths of an inch. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. for example. a garden plan. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. hundredths of an inch. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. not necessarily referable to botanical species. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. having a variety of gradations. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. and so on. for example. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. E EllipseAn oval. albula. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. casts the shadow for the hour. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. and so on.
rounded fragments of rock. turf. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. or colored earths. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. M ManufactoryA factory. Pea gravelSmall.3). Usually a few inches thick. also called rubble drain. a patterned garden. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. G GazeboA freestanding. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. loose.brick) in the same course. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow.3. roofed structure usually open on the sides. heated especially by fermenting manure. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. its compartments filled with flowers. GrindstoneMillstone. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. a flat. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. ForthrightA straight course or path.
rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .
TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Turf seatBanked-up earth. < previous page page_132 next page > . SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. R Rose. cutting. TreillageLatticework for vines. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. often planted with aromatic herbs. snug fit for walks. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. or steps. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. W Wall. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. walls. not treelike or with a single trunk. ranking between species and variety. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. called also a hose cock. Stone. V VarietyA category below species.
Carpenter. British Plants. Complements. H.. Bailey Hortorium. Baumgardt.. Toronto. Helen Morgenthau. John.: Buckeye Printing Co. Margaret E. Behme. 1942. Gertrude B. London: Marshall Cavendish. 1962. . Sydney: B. John E. Independence. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. T. Terrace. New York: G. Book of the Geranium.. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 14701670. The Small Garden. Kent: The Herb Farm. Dutton & Co. The Herb Garden. Park Seed Co. Charlotte. 1982. 1933. and Louden. Sevenoaks. Harriet Ballard. Darrah. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. 1980. 1963. H. Herbs and the Earth. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Henry. Greenwood. John Philip. 1966. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1966. 1902. 1961. Bardswell. New York: Macmillan. P. Brownlow. 1951. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. New York: Dover. Rosetta E. Robert Lee. Julia S. London: Macmillan. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. L. London: Saturn Press. Garden Design. Staff of. .. 1973. 1980. Aurora. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Roses. Berrall. and Garden. 1977. New York: Macmillan. New York. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Herbals. Putnam's Sons. 1958. London: Country Life. New York: Viking Press. ed. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1938. How Plants Get Their Names. L. The Cultivated Basils. Park's Success with Herbs. Erichsen-Brown. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. and Accessories. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1972. Room Outside.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. P. Prof. 1979. Hortus Third. Green Enchantment. New York: Macmillan. Rosemary F. Crowe. Foster. Foley. Brookes. Earle. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1951. 1944. Hanging Plants for Home. 1972. Sylvia. Edlin. Beston. Mo. 1957. . Fox. Clarkson. New York: Simon and Schuster. Jot. S. Garden City: Doubleday. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States.: Geo. Bailey. Doran & Co. Flannery. Coats. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. London. New York: Crown Publishers. W. 1976. Daniel J. 1970. New York: Macmillan. Gertrude B. New York: Viking Press. Helen H. New York: E. Liberty Hyde. London: Adam and Charles Black. New York: Hawthorne Books.. Frances A. 1971. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1935. 1911. Seal. Foster. Cross. Alice Morse. 1971. Herbsfor Every Garden. Batsford.C. Peter. Agnes.
Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Hamel. Elizabeth. Roses of the World in Color. New York: Harper & Bros. Sarah. and Rice. Boston. Flowers of the Field.. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Lawrence. 1964. 1969. P. Landscaping with Vines.) Rohde. Gardens in Winter. 1975. 1975. Boston. New York: E. The Herb Garden.. Rev. Ann. Robert. Alice Recknagel.. New York: Macmillan. How to Select. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Books. Muenscher. Frances. Amy Bess. Horace. 1911. 1982. Grieve. chemist. 2d ed. How to Landscape Your Grounds.Garland. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Loyal R. New York: Doubleday. Herbs. Edited by Clarence Elliott.: Livingston Pub. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Division Billboard Publications. Harold N. 1946. Howard. New York: Van Nostrand. 1976. A Garden of Herbs. Walter. Ireys. ed. 1969. New York: Viking Press.C. Philippa. 1961. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Leighton. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Mrs. Helen K. and Back. Kiaer. Franco. and Synge. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1981. Norma Jean. . Bernard Hickey. 1972. George H. Simmons. Krauss. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: William Morrow & Co. New York: Macmillan. Rosengarten. New York: Macmillan. Dorothy Bovee. Lesch. Neri. Dutton & Co. 1979. 1971. 1974. Mass. 1970. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Paul B. 1951.. The Berry Book. New York: De La Mare.. 1971. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons.. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Loewenfeld. 1938. Alma. New York: Dover. Geraniums for Home and Garden.. Adelma G. and Alma L. Waltham.. London: George Routledge & Sons. P. Sylva. Pa.: Chronica Botanica Co. Jones. Vicenza. 1959. Eigel. London: Faber and Faber. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1952. Modern Herbal. Roy. A. Eleanour Sinclair. Frederic. and Brunello. McFarland.. 1981. 1983. M. Claire. Early American Gardens. Plants of the Bible. Patrick M. Carol. 1978. The Art of Dyeing. Jr. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Italy. (1st American edition trans. Potter. Moldenke. < previous page page_133 next page > . Miller. Cherokee Plants. Toronto: Little. 1966. Lerner. 1973. Hendrickson. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. A Biblical Garden. 1974. Claire. Lathrop. N. M. Hay. Johnson.. Brown & Co. Lawrence. New York: Clarkson N. Grow and Enjoy. New York: Crown Publishers. Mary U. 1976. Pozza. C. Johns. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1970. Tucson: H. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: Dover. Shaker Herbs. Wynnewood. Loewenfeld. Co.. The Book of Spices.. J. Myron.: Herald Publishing Co. and Chiltoskey.
A. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Hale & Co. William Y Dear. Madalene Hill. 1953. Thomas. Martin's Press. Raymond V. Taylor.. Ingersoll.. The Fragrant Garden. Charles L. Frank M. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. F. Bush. Alfred L.S. L. Linda. Jr.: Garden Way. L. T. New York: St. Jr. Stearn. . Mrs. London: Phoenix House. Mrs. W T. New York: McGraw-Hill. Barbara Capen. Mrs. Paxton. James C. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them.A.The Old Shrub Roses. Z. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Mrs. Mrs. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1976. William Radler.A. Mrs. Mrs. Mr. Susan W.. L. 1972. L. Bradner. Stuart. William C. Graham. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Plants of the Bible. Amy Bess Miller. Zohary. New York: Hafner. Louise Beebe. Boston: Ralph T. Nelva M. Morss... ed. John Ormsbee. Weber.. Benjamin McF.A. Moffit. 1931. Vt. Mrs. Taloumis. Giroux. Mrs.A. Tarantino. Elizabeth Lawrence. Wilder. and Mrs. Esther. Botanical Latin. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. 1965. 1982. Associate... Plimpton. Shrub Roses of Today. Mrs. 1976. Graham Stuart. Baker. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Hammond Crawford. L. L. Lamm. Herbs in the Garden. Stearn. L. Virginia B. Austin R. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Mrs. 1962.A. Elisabeth W. . Martha Dahlen. 1961. Christopher.A. Campbell. Mrs. William T. The Shakespeare Garden.A. The History of Gardens. Boerner. Sandy Hicks.A. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.A. William W.D. 1974. W. Landscape Architecture. Martin's. L. New York: William Morrow & Co. Container Gardening Outdoors. H. Yang. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Katherine S. Jr. Mrs. Singleton. Mrs. Price. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Onward and Upward in the Garden.L. Rhoda Specht.. Charlotte.A. New York: Farrar. 1979. Bynam. Thacker. New York: Simon & Schuster. New ed. Marion E. Winthrop G. C. A. 1979. Cozart. 1972. Vivian. Marshall.. 1975... Mrs.... L. Michael. Building Stone Walls. Philip Batchelder. ed. . Mrs. Margaret Osborn Holt. Malcolm. A. Webster. Griffin. Bates. Maxton Davies.. Rev. New York: Doubleday.R.S. 1957..A. Diane C.. Straus. Jo Lohmolder. George. New York: Dover. George T. L.A. Norman. The Fragrant Year. Revised by Dr. A. Melissa R. William T.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.A. Indianapolis. John. Hines.. Neil Hamill Park. Meyer. and Bell. Wilson. L. Donald Paxton. Pees. Berkeley Brandt. Herbert G. and Robert B. Gannaway. Leonie. Peter M. A. Charles Patch. Smith. White. McGarry. Leonard Dreyfuss. Small Gardens Are More Fun.A. L. 1953. Robert G. Mrs. London: Phoenix House.S. Mrs.. Jack Emil Geist. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Robert K. Martin. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Helen Van Pelt. 1967. 1979. 1972.. Lucile Teeter Kissack. . John Poinier. New York. Henry Gund..L. Mrs.A. Fragrance in the Garden. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. James D. Climbing Roses Old and New. Sherry D. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Bleecker. New York. 1942.A. L. L. A. Helen Noyes. Vera Breed.L. Keebler. Mrs. 1966. New York: Simon & Schuster.A. New York: St. Mrs.
Linda Yang. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Mass. Atlanta Historical Society.. Mich. L. N.. Little Rock. Bailey. James F. Smith (Ann Leighton). Old Slater Mill Museum.I.... and Mrs. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. G. James S. L. Ga. Helen M. Mrs. Frederick E. Mich.. Mrs. L.Rady. Plain Dealer Photo.A. John A. Hancock. University of Michigan. Ohio. Western Reserve Herb Society. Atlanta.. Milton Stricker. Matthew Miksch House. Eric Duke Scott. Walter Rebmann. Wisc. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Architect.. Joe H. civic. Mrs.. Mrs. Pawtucket. Mrs. Mansfield. Elbert Smith.A. Shaker Community. Ark. Weeks Brick House. < previous page page_134 next page > . Whitman.. Old Salem. Timothy Procter Ruh. N. Kingwood Center. Milwaukee County Park Commission. R. Gayle. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Hales Corners. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Inc. Lansing. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Lawrence Schetky. The Country Doctor Museum. Swanson.C. Eloise andJo Ray. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Booker Worthen. Semple. Nathan Sameth. Winston-Salem. Christopher Spencer. Ohio. Mrs. Rose. The following provided historical. Michigan State University. Christopher Rady. Talbot III. Skinner. Inc.. Roberts. Greenland. L.. Isadore L.C.A. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Milton C. Hancock Shaker Village. Jean Ruh. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Ann Arbor. Joan E. Derthick. Mrs. Wilcox.. Faith H. Cleveland.H.A. N. Mr. Mrs. Edmund G. Mrs.. L. Linda Yang.. Harper.
Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. maritima L. C. A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. barbadensis A. azoricum. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Narcissus triandrus. Myrrhis odorata. officinalis. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. A. A. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. E. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Y smalliana Agrimonia. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone.
podagraria Asparagus A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. albula A. V. P. V. F. S. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. grandiflorus Melissa M. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. officinalis. officinalis Populus. laevis Rhododendron . tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. Solanum aculeatissimum S. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. P. Lamium album Viburnum. G. acerifolium. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. false Galium aristatum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. lycopersicum. M. melongena var. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. ludoviciana var.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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deltoides Campsis radicans. M. coronaria . officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. chrysantha Symphytum S. oleracea. Mertensia virginica. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. B. alpina 'Alba' A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. P. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. angustifolia. vulgaris A.
Campsis Cardamine pratensis. macrocarpon. sativum R. Italian D Daffodil M. pseudonarcissus miniature N. maculatum G. angustifolia. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. V. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. coronaria. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. alpinum R. B. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. N. alpinum R. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . M. V. B. M. verna. C. ioensis Vaccinium. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea.
A. C. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. obtusifolius Rumex R. lilioasphodelus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Sansevieria. D. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. frutescens C. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. acetosa. A. Hosta H. x superbum Hemerocallis. crispus. Ferocactus latispinus.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. R. obtusifolius R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. triphyllum . R. lilioasphodelus H. rivieri. H. T officinale Bellis.
C. Centaurea cineraria. azoricum Nigella. pungens Sambucus S. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. N. damascena. Senecio cineraria. N.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Gnaphalium. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Helichrysum. gymnocarpa. arvensis. ragusina. S. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Lychnis coronaria. C. N. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Antennaria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
P. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris.× germanica I. A. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. Osmunda. perenne . versicolor. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. carica Corylus C. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. carica F. I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. I. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. usitatissimum L. regalis Adiantum. O.
ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × germanica Myosotis M.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. sativum var. tuberosum A. odoratissimum P. P. Pelargonium. grossularioides P radens P. scorodoprasum A. Fumaria C. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. lanata D. × hortorum P. I. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. purpurea D. neapolitanum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. sphaerocephalum A. lutea Allium sativum A. quercifolium P. × limoneum P.
Tragopogon. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. tomentosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. canadense T. P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. quercifolium P. × jatrophifolium P. × nervosum P. T. canadense. pratensis . denticulatum P. officinale Z. crispum P. capitatum P. A. Z. glutinosum. tomentosum P. graveolens P. T. abrotanifolium P. × citrosum P. A. chamaedrys T. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P.
Oxalis deppei. torquata E. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. nervosa V. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. V.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. C. M. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Vitis monticola. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis.
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Pulmonaria . triacanthos G. Lythrum. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. majalis Liriope. Sempervivum Lobelia L. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Ophiopogon L. L. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. G. C. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. W.
officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. Malva. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. C. tenuifolia T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. erecta T. M. alcea var. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia.blue M Mace. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. patula Calendula officinalis T. A. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. Malva. grandiflora M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. erecta T. pedatum Hibiscus. lucida . erecta T. M.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
requienii M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. majorana O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Spiraea alba. A. onites O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. × piperita var. major. dictamnus O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. piperita var. O. majorana O. × piperita var. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. suaveolens 'Variegata' . crispii M. Astrantia. vulgare O. citrata M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. suaveolens M. citrata. citrata M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. odorata Achillea millefolium. S. vulgare O. citrata M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. R. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. aquatica var.
Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. vulgaris A. Myrrhis odorata. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. communis. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis M. V. thapsus V. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. rubra M. olympicum. alba Verbascum. Azolla caroliniana. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. M. V. A. Myrtus.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Umbellularia californica. lactiflora Morus M. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia.
poeticus N. minus T. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. V. tazetta Tropaeolum T. nudum. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. album L. P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa .N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. majus T. L.
vulgare var. A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . cepa. florentina. I. fistulosum A. hortensis A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. C. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. O. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. Castilleja californica. A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fragrans Allium. S. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fragrans O. fistulosum Atriplex. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. cepa. cepa A. Proliferum Group A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Scilla verna. telephium Iris × germanica var.
< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. P. crispum P. A. patens. A. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.
retroflexus. paniculata P. Longum Group Capsicum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. P frutescens Catharanthus. roseus C. Piper C. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. Grossum Group C. C. A. C. annuum. C. Chenopodium. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. frutescens C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. C. Longum Group C. annuum. C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum.
P salicina P angustifolia. Prunus japonica. Silene laciniata. P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. plumarius D. angustifolia var. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. americana . Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Plantago P. M. officinalis Dianthus D. watsonii P maritima P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. umbellata var. plumarius. taeda P. C. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. gratianopolitanus D. C. nigra P strobus P taeda P. × paradisiaca. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. caryophyllus D. taeda Chimaphila. umbellata var. alpinus D.
rhoeas P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. Liriodendron tulipifera P. L. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . biennis P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. 0. S. E. balsamifera P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. vulgare Lithospermum. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula.
C. R. C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. pepo Portulaca. P. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. coccineum C. Hesperis . ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. pepo C. Diplotaxis. A. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. canadensis C. sativum var. rhabarbarum R.
× borboniana R. moschata . sativa Rosa R. canina R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. Rosa chinensis R. chinensis 'Minima' R. Rubus coronarius R. spinosissima R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. laevigata R. damascena 'Bifera' R. banksiae R. canina. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. damascena R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × harisonii R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. × borboniana R. centifolia R. gallica R. R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana Kerria.
× rehderana R. azurea subsp. Salvia hierosolymitana . caerula. R. officinalis Limonium R. clevelandii S. angustissimus R. sclarea S. setigera R. Rosmarinus. rugosa R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. guaranitica S. pitcheri S. microphylla S. officinalis S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. greggii S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus.
marilandica Amelanchier . leucophylla S. chamaecyparissus S. virens. guaranitica S. A. elegans S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. Salicornia. leucantha S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. viridis S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. neapolitana S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. S. hebecarpa. C. maritimum E. chamaecyparissus S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. P. S. T. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. montana Scabiosa S. S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S.
Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. nivalis Lamium album. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria C. G. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria. americana.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. P. C. C. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. coggygria Cotinus. V. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. biflorum .
Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. V.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. R. pyrenaicum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. O. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. patulum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. scutatus R. japonica Sorbaria. O. H. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. acetosa. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . officinalis thyme-leaved V. crassipes O. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. E. H. S. L. Ornithogalum arabicum.
vesca F. O. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. chiloensis F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. M. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. O. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. T vulgare T. crispum T. vesca F. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. perennis. vulgare var. C. incana M. incana M. floridus Philadelphus .Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. dracunculus var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. vulgare var.
Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. 'Clear Gold' T. marianum S. laevigata Eupatorium. sylvestris D. × citriodorus T. arcticus T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. phaenopyrum C. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. benedictus. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. A. 'Broad-leaf English' T. marianum S. maritima Thymus. T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. praecox subsp. Silybum marianum S. C. praecox T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. E. pallasianus T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . 'Argenteus' T.
clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. noli-tangere. P. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. I. alata Lycopersicon. peruviana P. P.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. cerasiforme. sanctum O. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . radicans Bignonia capreolata. sanctum Tulipa T. pruinosa. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. L. praecox subsp. Physalis peruviana L. C. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. lycopersicum var. Coreopsis Linaria.
canina. longifolia Chamaelaucium. odorata V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. caprea . officinalis Polemonium. odorata V. C. P. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. caeruleum Clematis. cornuta 'Alba' V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. V. Chimaphila. C.
Chenopodium ambrosioides C. I. verticillata Chimaphila. caprea. Gaultheria procumbens. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Stachys . arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. S. pontica. camphorata A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. V. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. gmelinii A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. W. ambrosioides Artemisia. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. frigida A. Vanilla barbellata A. absinthium A. Corydalis sempervirens A. annua A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. nudum Isatis I.
millefolium A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. C. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. × media 'Hicksii' T. taygetea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. vomitoria I.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. I. X. filipendulina A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. ageratum A. simplicissima Cladrastis.
calamus maidenhair fern. fennel g.. sanguinary. five-finger f. fragrant g. lion's tail anise hyssop. monkshood flowering maple. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. taygetea A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. ageratum A. butter-print. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow .< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. blue giant hyssop. yarrow sneezeweed. Indian mallow China jute. theophrasti Acacia A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. napellus Acorus A. nose-bleed. breviflora A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. monkshood helmut flower. longifolia Achillea A.. cana A. calamus Adiantum A. pedatum Agastache A. Indian mallow. h. fourcroydes sweet flag. maidenhair American maidenhair. thousand-seal. parlor m. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A.. h. foeniculum Agave A. millefolium A. alpinus Aconitum A. maidenhair fern. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.
christophii A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. Rosenbachianum A. Japanese bunching o. cocklebur. cive. serpent garlic chive. rosea Alchemilla A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. hemp plant agrimony.. scorodoprasum A. ciboule. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A.A.. two-bladed o. sativum A. flavum A. Pulchellum A. sisal hemp. karataviense A. ostrowskianum A. moly A. purple c. vulgaris Allium A. tree o.. sativum var. githago Ajuga A. senescens var. Spanish o. garlic rocambole. alpina A. fistulosum A. flowering o. schnittlauch giant garlic . ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. giganteum A. reptans Alcea A. neapolitanum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. schoenoprasum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. sisalana Agrimonia A.. ophioscorodon A. lily leek daffodil garlic.
shadbush. canadensis Amsonia A. juneberry. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. sphaerocephalum A. garlic c. white m. marschalliana A. Curasao a.. blanda A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. officinarum Anchusa A. Barbados a. tuberosum Aloe A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. Oriental garlic . chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. officinalis Amaranthus A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. japonica A. hupehensis var. pulsatilla Anethum A. barbadensis Aloysia A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe.glaucum A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. bugloss windflower. archangel. triphylla Althaea A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. bugloss alkanet. tinctoria Anthriscus A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry.. caudatus Amelanchier A. cerefolium chervil angelica. shad. medicinal a. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. officinalis Anemone A..
chrysantha A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry.Apium A. graveolens var. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.
annua A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. sea pink thrift. dracunculus var. lactiflora A. gmelinii A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. frigida A. old man southernwood absinthe. albula A. dracontium A. pink or white horseradish. triphyllum A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. bear's grape. virginicum bearberry. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mugwort. arborescens A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. mealberry. sativa A. kinnikinick. canadense A. red cole sagebrush. camphorata A. creashak green-dragon. Ludoviciana var. maritima Armoracia A. stewardsonii Armeria A. mountain box. triphyllum subsp. asarabacca wild ginger. wormwood southernwood. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. sandberry. pontica A. rusticana Artemisia A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. europaeum A. hog cranberry.
yellow r. orach sea orach. major Atriplex A. s. wild blue i. vulgaris Beta milkweed. jaundice berry. c. papyrifera Boehmeria B. plains f. wild indigo.Asclepias A. tuberosa Asparagus A. silkweed. hortensis B Baptista B. c. mountain spinach false indigo. Chinese silk plant. talewort. tinctoria Barbarea B. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. mustard . daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. rocket. perennis Berberis B. China grass borage borage. piprage beet swiss chard. cool-tankard cole. butterfly flower butterfly weed. ruby s. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. ruby s. officinalis Astrantia A. saltbush orach. i. nivea Borago B.. halimus A. garden o. upland cress winter cress. rattleweed winter cress. c. pleurisy root. B. vulgaris Bellis B. tuberroot. s. vulgaris.. wild indigo blue false indigo. australis B. c. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie.
microphylla 'Nana' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. grandiflora Calendula C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla var. white-flowered k. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. strawberry s.. floridus Campanula C. pineapple s. officinalis Calycanthus C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell .. koreana B. eruca B. carpatica C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens B.
red p. o. pimento sweet pepper s. p. p.. p. green p. p.C.. cow-itch. persicifolia C. C.. s. p. o. trumpet vine. bell p. green p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. o. sweet pepper. rapunculus Campsis C. o. p. o. p. p. chili p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper.. p. p. s. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. o. trumpet flower. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. s. o. p. p. < previous page page_147 next page > .
Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. marilandica Catharanthus C.. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. nobile Chelidonium C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. Madagascar periwinkle. shellbark h. snakehead . Tabasco-sauce p. deodara Celosia C. garden c. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. canariensis Cedrus C. ovata Cassia C. red p.. tinctorius Carum C. majus Chelone cayenne p.. chili p. Tabasco p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. senna. capsicum p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. Russian c. frutescens Carthamus C.. cristata Cercis C. celandine celandine turtlehead.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. illinoinensis C. carvi Carya C.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. bastard s. false saffron.
ladanifer Citrus C. fat hen ambrosia. Chinese dwarf 1. devil's-darning- . virginicus Chrysanthemum C. pigweed Mexican tea. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. balsamita C.. red-leaved chicory bugbane. racemosa Cistus C. Spanish t. mint geranium. parthenium C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. umbellata Chionanthus C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. coccineum C. botrys Chimaphila C. wormseed. ambrosioides C. cinerariifolium C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. virgin's bower.. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. Meyer 1. × jouiniana 'Mrs. Robert Brydon' C.. × superbum Cichorium C. barbe-de-capuchin. frutescens C. rattletop black cohosh.. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. dwarf 1. wintergreen. glabra Chenopodium C. intybus Cimicifuga C. lutea Clematis C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. old-man's-beard costmary. wax flower. leucanthemum C. American w. leather flower. leather flower. pyrethum. crispus C. Dalmatia p. feather geranium.C. bonus-henricus C. alecost pyrethrum. virgilia virgin's bower. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine.
Venetian sumac. thorn apple. apiculatus Crataegus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. autumnale Comptonia C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. sativum Cornus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. avellana Cotinus C. arkansana C.. coggygria Cotoneaster C. trifolia Coreopsis C. thorn. quick-set. red haw hawthorn English h. tinctoria Coriandrum C. smoke plant. majalis Convolvulus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . peregrina Consolida C. smokebush.needle Cnicus C. florida Corylus C. laevigata C. ambigua C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. benedictus Coix C. orientalis Convallaria C. cneorum Coptis C. smokebush smoke tree.
sempervirens Cydonia C. angustifolius C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sieberi C. sativus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C.C. maritimum Crocus C. speciosus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C.. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. × allwoodii D.. West Indian 1. speciosus 'Albus' C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . gracilis Dianthus D. kotschyanus C. scoparius C. citratus Cytisus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. phaenopyrum Crithmum C.
× imbricata Echium clove pink. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. sylvestris Doronicum D. lanata D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. spectabilis Dictamnus D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. carnation. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . grandiflora D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. sativus D. burning bush. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. gas plant.
rugosum v. pungens Eleocharis E. viridis Epimedium E. sea holm. torquata Euonymus E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. dulcis Endymion E. Australian gum. epimedium barrenwort. californica Eucalyptus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. poppy eucalypt. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot .E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. ironbark. maritimum Eschscholzia E. J. japonica Eryngium E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. arvense E. plum eryngo sea holly. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. Japanese medlar. b. perfoliatum E. gum tree. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.. S. hyemale Eranthis E. jacinth. sea eryngo California poppy C. blueweed.
Euphorbia E. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. vulgare var. sow-teat s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. alpine s. a. vulgare F. assafoetida Ficus F. ulmaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare subsp.s. a. vulgare F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgaris Foeniculum F.s. chiloensis F. finocchio. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . a. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. major Fragaria F. imperialis Fumaria F.
wild c. spotted c. pulegioides American pennyroyal. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. alumroot herb Robert. mollugo G. our-lady's-b. mock p. Capejasmine wintergreen.. verum Gardenia G. dyer's greenweed. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. hexapetala G Galanthus G.F. cleavers white bedstraw. robertianum Glechoma G. Carolina jasmine G. mountain tea. ground ivy. tinctoria Geranium G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. sweet w. germanica G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom.. odoratum G. Carolina yellow j. teaberry. woodwaxen. honey locust. virginiana Hedeoma H.. checkerberry. gardenia. hederacea Gleditsia G.. maculatum G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. woodroof yellow bedstraw.. vernalis H. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. field balm. nivalis Galium G. runaway robin. false baby's-breath woodruff. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. red Robin . triacanthos Gossypium G.
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Deckaner h. sweet r. curry plant false licorice. flavescens Helenium H. rose-of-China.. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. cannabinus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. matronalis Hibiscus H. Indian hemp. hibiscus kenaf. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. mallow. petiolatum Heliotropium H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H.. blacking plant plantain lily. × luteola Herniaria H. rose m. daylily . helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. lividus subsp... lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. turnsole heliotrope. China rose.. Chinese hibiscus. niger H. Hawaiian h. licorice plant heliotrope. arborescens Helleborus H. giant m. Deccan h. bimlipatum j... lilioasphodelus H. bimli j. atrorubens H. lemon d. foetidus H. glabra Hesperis H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. corsicus H. garland 1. bastard jute. angustifolium H.
I.-John's-wort St. box-leaved h. asiatica Hypericum H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. quercifolia Hydrastis H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. . paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. Burford's holly Japanese holly. patulum 'Sungold' H. horned h.. white h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. lupulus Hydrangea H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. rose h.H. European h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. orangeroot. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.-John's-wort St. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. crenata var. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. box-leaved h. perforatum Hyssopus H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. navelwort gotu kola St. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop.
African corn lily corn lily orris. officinale Juniperus J. horizontalis creeping j. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J.. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. alba Iris I. yellow flag. crested dwarf i. crested i. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. helenium Ipomoea I. pseudacorus Isatis I. water f. × germanica var.I. maculata J Jasminum J. chinensis var. opaca I.. virginiana red cedar jasmine. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. tinctoria Inula I. J. spotted t. vomitoria 'Nana' I. jewelweed. capensis Indigofera I. tinctoria Ixia I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. snapweed. florentina I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. glabra I. 'Great Lakes' I. cristata I. wilsonii Impatiens I. woad dyer's woad.. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . touch-me-not jewelweed.
sweet bay laurel. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata L. maculatum L. indica Lamium L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L... candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. album L.. brandegeana shrimp plant J. plume flower. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. plume plant. n. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . angustifolia subsp. king'scrown L Lactuca L.. white d. dentata var. n.Justicia water willow J. dumb nettle. carnea Brazilian-plume. bay. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. flamingo p. d. paradise p.
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
perenne L. summer s.. blue cardinal flower . usitatissimum Liriope L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. pepperwort. marsh rosemary. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. aestivum Levisticum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. benzoin Linum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. muscari Lobelia L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. sativum Leucojum L. hedge plant privet. officinale Ligustrum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. lovage privet. candidum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L.
annua Lychnis L. lycopersicum var. flava L.L. moonwort. grandiflora M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. honesty. europaeus Lysimachia L. maritima L. stellata M. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. virginiana sweet alyssum. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . catchfly mullein pink. coronaria 'Alba' L. gypsywort. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. lycopersicum var. coral h. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. silver-dollar. campion. sempervirens Lunaria L. money plant. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower.. vulgaris Lythrum L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. coronaria L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. cordata Magnolia M. penny f. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. satin flower honesty.
incanum M. holly barberry.. apple m. officinalis Mentha M. bluebells. musk m. longifolia M. fastigiata Marrubium M. mountain g.. pennyroyal Corsican m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. citrata M. pineapple m. lungwort bluebells. Virginia b. bergamot m. curly m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. 'Guiding Star' M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. × piperita var. 'Eau de Cologne' M. holly g. requienii M. Scotch m. imperial stock balm lemon b. × gentilis M. pulegium M. angustifolia M. holly mahonia. × piperita M... vulgare Matthiola M. alcea var.. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape.Mahonia M. Oregon g. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. incana Melissa M. Virginia c. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. aquatica M... crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple.. b. bee b. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. cowslip. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. horsemint peppermint orange mint. menthella. horsemint . hupehensis Malva M. stock stock. lemon m.. gillyflower. sweet b. white h. blue barberry apple. American crab. Brampton stock.
perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. American m. odorata Myrtus M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. textilis Myosotis M. pink b. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. menthifolia M. red m. sylvatica Myrica M. punctata Montia M. banana abaca. anise. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. Greek myrtle. fistulosa M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. b. myrrh. candleberry. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . Swedish m. Oswego tea. Manila hemp forget-me-not. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. citriodora M. b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. sweet cicely.M. winter purslane. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. swamp c.. white b. fistulosa var. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. white bee balm pink b.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
hardy orange poplar. pensylvanica P. five-finger shrubby c. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. nepalensis P. trifoliata Populus P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. maritima P. sand p.. heal-all. golden hardhack. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . all-heal salad burnet. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. vulgaris Prunus P.. veris Prunella P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. pasture b. Jerusalem sage. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. widdy shrubby c. lungwort blue 1. tacamahac cinquefoil. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. Americana P. balsam p. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. brake bracken. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead.. elatior P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. brake. domestica P. hackmatack. persica Pteridium P. angustifolia P. aspen.Poncirus P. granatum Pyrus P. hog-pasture b.
China r. ficaria Reseda R. autumn damask r.. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. pilewort mignonette weld. × borboniana R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. rose. gooseberry alpine c. pie plant.. 'Cinderella' R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. moss r. fairy r. canina R. sweetbrier French r. Bourbon r. alpinum R. red currant. garden c.. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. gallica damask r. dog r..Quercus Q. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R.. chinensis 'Minima' R. garden r.. brier Banksia r. sativum Rosa R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. . dog b. typhina Ribes R. mountain c. eglanteria R. stellata R Ranunculus R. purshiana Rheum R. pygmy r. small c. luteola Rhamnus R. moss r. York-and-Lancaster r. crowfoot lesser celandine. banksiae R. eglantine. brier r. cabbage r.
prairie r. × rehderana R. roxburghii R. Scotch r. snowdwarf memorial r. musk r. Turkestan r. laevigata R. polyantha r. garden sorrel broad dock. setigera R. madder bramble blackberry. chestnut r. × harisonii R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. acetosa R. wichuraiana R. rugosa R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. moschata R. Harison's yellow r.. obtusifolius R.. dock s. climbing r. French sorrel rue . sorrel. 'Schneezwerg' R. Japanese r. rosemary white r. tinctorum Rubus R. bitter d. chinquapin r. rosemary pine-scented r. angustissimus R. golden p. spinosissima R. prostrate rosemary. hirta Rumex R.'Officinalis' R. burnet r. r.. Cherokee r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock.. climbing r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.
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clevelandii S. golden g. leucantha S. American e. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. purple variegated garden s. guaranitica S. clary annual clary elder. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. bloodroot red puccoon. sclarea S. purple g. purple sage baby sage garden sage. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. elderberry American e. caerula S. gray sage. canadensis willow. bloodroot rue . argentea S. leucophylla S. caprea Salvia S. viridis Sambucus S. elegans S. Mexican bush s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. pussy willow sage. involucrata S. variegated garden s. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. microphylla S. s. osier goat willow. s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. greggii S. garden s.
lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. marianum Sium S. hemp plant snake plant. neapolitana S. devil's tongue.. roof h. jasminoides S. mourning-bride stonecrop. orpine donkey's tail orpine. officinalis Sassafras S. telephium Sempervivum S. lucky plant. sweet s. blessed t. pinnata S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. pincushion flower pincushions. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. mad apple . mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. St. hen-and-chickens. virens Saponaria S. canadensis Sansevieria S. melongena var.. albidum Satureja S.Sanguisorba S. milk t.. live-forever houseleek. skirret potato vine eggplant. live-forever houseleek.. morganianum S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. trifasciata Santolina S. tectorum Silybum S. atropurpurea Sedum S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. good-luck plant. Mary's t. sisarum Solanum S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. hortensis S.
'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. officinale Syringa S. officinale S. byzantina S. Aztec m. sorbifolia Sorbus S. erecta marigold African m. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. woundwort lamb's-ears. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. grandiflora S. patula melongene. laciniata Persian lilac S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. vulgaris 'Addie V. lutea Stokesia S. × persica var. laevis Symphytum S.. big m. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. reticulata var. americana Stachys S. hedge nettle. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.. lilac . pseudocapsicum Solidago S. californica Sorbaria S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony.
tansy tansy. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. yew conical y. . dwarf m. carnosus T. wood sage germander dwarf. officinale Taxus T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. vulgare T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. procumbent g. upright y. columnar y. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. signet m. marum Thuja T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. dense y. germander American g. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T.T. vulgare var. filifolia T. culinary golden lemon t.. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. sweet mace French m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. occidentalis Thymus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Argenteus' T. lucida T. crispum Taraxacum T. fruticans T. canadense T... lemon t.
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leucotrichus T. herba-barona T. red c. . lanatum Trifolium T.. pratensis Trichostema T. odorus t. t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. lemon t. t. creeping t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. crimson c. caraway t. nitidus T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. serpyllum T. praecox T. woolly thyme creeping t.. richardii subsp. glabrescens T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. not culinary French t. nummularius T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. confederatej. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. pallasianus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. zygis Torenia T. doerfleri T. wishbone flower. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. praecox subsp.
farfara U Urginea U. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. angustifolium var.. officinalis V. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. species t. cranberry. 'General de Wet' T. clusiana T.Tropaeolum T. thapsus Veronica V. maritima Urtica U. laevifolium Valeriana V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. water-lily t. squill. huckleberry. tall n. 'Sweet Harmony' T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. olympicum V. tarda T. canadensis Tulipa T. flannel plant. nettle stinging n. 'Blizzard' T. majus T. kaufmanniana T. minus Tsuga T. velvet p. mullein mullein. early. bitter Indian garden n. pale yellow Darwin t. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. tawny orange t. Indian cress dwarf n. blueberry. officinalis Verbascum V. blattaria V. dioica V Vaccinium V.. . red s. serpyllifolia nasturtium. speedwell.
sweet h. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. acerifolium V. prunifolium Vinca V. lesser p.Vetiveria V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. heartsease pansy. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. arrowwood. carlesii V. maple-leaved viburnum. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. heartsease. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.. cassinoides V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. possum haw . sheepberry. running m. tricolor V. zizanioides Viburnum V.. ladies-delight. nannyberry. violet dog violet horned v. minor Viola V. myrtle. odorata V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. canina V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. khus-khus. lutea 'Splendens' V. withe-rod vetiver.
needle palm < previous page page_155 . Canton g. ginger. Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger.
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