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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. more of them exist to serve as examples. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. punching. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . successes. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. alterations. with sparkling enthusiasm. With false starts and honest stops. Again they revised. and the publisher. Then. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. seven years ago. This was not to be. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. and I have had the pleasure of advising. pushing. bereft of hope. build it. Their energy and charm caught me up. responded with delight. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Ginny had done some writing. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. for they had no model and no guide. especially poetry. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. This they did. The turning point came when. carefully chosen. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and the experience provided the final section of the book. wheedling. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. It needs no sequel. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. whether all their labor was to no avail. and record every detailall of the failures. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book.

we completed a test garden. specialty. the authors. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. A range of essential factors is considered herein. historical interest. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. and these are capitalizedfor example. degree of maintenance required. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. . as in Rosmarinus officinalis. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Some of these were created by landscape architects. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. The herb garden designs alone. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. To achieve this. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Not all plants used are herbs. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. We. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. without accompanying commentary. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. or by contributors. governed the style of our lists of botanical names." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. while others were prepared by landscape designers. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. English thyme. and educational purpose. 1969 and 1980. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. Likewise." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. former generic names. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. although countless common names exist. rather. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. Italics are always used for botanical names. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. by their owners. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind.

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has given us valuable information. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Herbert J. and the horticulturist. Richard T. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Jo Lohmolder. and Elizabeth Bryce. librarian. Alexander Apanius. Nell Neff. Genevieve Jyurovat. Weatherhead. Lee Buss. past presidents. Rady. Eleanor Gambee. The late Raymond C. Wanda Ritchie. Recognition is due Robert B. A lecturer on herbs. president. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. former managing editors. She has served. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . FAITH H. Betty Rea. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. always encouraging us to stay with our project. M. has been especially helpful over the years. too.. and Joanna Reed. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. as expediter and typist. have also been of assistance. Derthick. We are grateful to many. Trudi Bela.D. and Rexford Talbert. Special thanks are due James C. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. His assistant. Alice Skelsey. Keebler and the late Everest P. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. former director of same. and August Frugé. Isaacson. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Finally. which made possible the completion of our text. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Susan Frugé. Swanson and Robert B. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

and structures. or an abandoned. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. and hedges will have been located. new plants. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain." A good design does not "happen. In order to create a fine garden design. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. to increase the value of the property." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. partially excavated area. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. "Not difficult to plan. and decisions must not be left to chance. not at all difficult to maintain. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. If no . its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. some of which are evergreen. fences. new ways of seeing. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. As one constantly reinforces the other. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. As Henry Beston reflects. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. Its interest is independent of flowers. lay out a plan of the property. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. the north point will have been indicated. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. temples of worship. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Perennial herbs. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. a front dooryard.

and hedges.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences. Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.

measurements are in engineer's scale. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. and the driveway. but with all needed information. In the absence of a survey map. In this example. will give the lot or acreage measurements. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. measure to locate the house. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. A deed description. to locate the house. too.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. The object is to . other significant structures. Next. too. such as the one illustrated here. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Here. To determine the distance between the house and lot line.

< previous page page_3 next page > . triangleof inexpensive plastic. lines at an angle. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. paths. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. enclosures. The smaller the scale. The tools needed for drawing are few. driveway. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. and unusual land features noted. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. and parallel lines. shrubs. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings.

and stone. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. or summer kitchen is ideal. old smokehouse. bayberry. In the absence of a structure. In some cases. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . With the plan on paper. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. A toolhouse." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. and holly. One basic rule is the higher the wall. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. yew. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. greenhouse. garage.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. gazebo. and hedges of hemlock. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. However. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. brick. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. iron. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. Upkeep. In the designs that follow.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

too. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. for reinforcing the design. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. they can be made to order. Gates are part of the enclosure. When this reinforcement is understated. When used with a hedge. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. or natural. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Generally. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Rosemary. Styles are legion. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. railroad ties. . bricks. yew. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. In some climates. elegant box. Brick is the all-time favorite material. If used. At first. Stained. the garden design is most attractive. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. For example. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Where air circulation is much needed. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. so give them much thought. such as bayberry. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. as in outdoor room dividers. it will seem too sparsely planted. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. whether it will be rocks. as an example. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Stone. however. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. deeply evergreen. painted.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. cut stones. used for dry wall or masonry construction. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. holly. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. if wood is the material of choice. and their styles are countless. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. or. for example. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Lower cost is an advantage. annual painting is a necessity. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Allow adequate room within the row. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. landscape timbers. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. or pressure-treated lumber. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Equally important is proportion. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. and rosemary. but the results will confirm this course. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. If desired. gray surfaces are found. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. some deciduous and some evergreen. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. box. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Whatever the reason.

logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. awkward and unsafe. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.Steps When constructing steps. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . there is a necessary.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. There are. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. or red. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. because they are just that. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Access paths. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. rosy pink. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Choose the path material equally for comfort. It is a general rule that the less the riser. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. . their use no less than comfortable. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. If groups are walking through. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. and maintenance. The colors are various: terracotta. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. however. Paths must be ample. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. but should be compatible with. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. the greater the tread. too.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. appearance. making the design more evident. cost. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. for example. Step materials need not be the same as.

A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.

prepare a planting plan for each. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. bark or pine needles can be used. too. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. is an enjoyable experience. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. they should not shade the herbs too much.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. This.) To avoid having a slippery surface. shrubs. a result being hazardous footing. and many good references are available. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . heather Chaenomeles speciosa. With these recommendations in mind. serviceberry. or trees to be considered. a soft-lead pencil in hand. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. When they mature. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. They are easily renewed as they break down. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. If the garden is made up of separate beds. shad Malus coronaria. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used.

the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. a focal point is customarily used. however. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . it is easily read and easily erased. too. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Artifacts As with other gardens. Often this center of interest is a sundial. It needs. for example. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. whether they are invasive or tall growing. 'Mount Hood daff. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. for example. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Sept. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. or whatever is best in your case. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. one-half inch equals one foot. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. lemon thyme. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. noting well their growth habits. Do use a soft-lead pencil. such as the one illustrated here. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock.

Again. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. It is then in scale with its frame. < previous page page_9 next page > . and a good sense of proportion is achieved.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. a niche of its own should be created. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. If a statue less than life-size is used. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. the height of a fence to the house. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a stylized drawing of an ovary. However.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. that of good proportion. Except for two. the designs have a decorative north point. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. For easy reference. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

A. 7. salad burnet 12.Melissa officinalis. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. or other structure.Allium 11.Satureja hortensis. 4. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 5.Viola tricolor.S. With color and texture considered for contrast.A. 22. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Poterium sanguisorba. Lavenders accent the front corners. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 6.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 16. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. summer 23.L. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. lemon balm . and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. a fence. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. arcticus 27.Lobularia maritima. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. The first number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium graveolens. bee balm 13.Thymus praecox subsp. rose 24.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum. lemon 15. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Foeniculum vulgare. 1. sativa. which is used here in relation to a garage. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 25. The rules of symmetry are observed. 3.Satureja montana. dill cerasiforme. 21. fennel 2. 26.Galium odoratum. Landscape Architect. lovage 17. 14.

Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Pelargonium × limoneum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. curly parsley 10. 19. chive 18.Origanum heracleoticum.Porrum Group. dwarf garden 20. Greek 28.8. leek 9. Chrysanthemum balsamita. costmary 'Albus'.

9.Poterium sanguisorba. white 20. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Pelargonium tomentosum. 17.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. lemon verbena 21.Pelargonium graveolens. fennel English lavender geranium 4. perhaps overgrown with weeds. French tarragon 2.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 13.Monarda didyma. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. curly parsley sativa. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. as was done here. 18. . bush basil 3.Allium schoenoprasum. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. Petroselinum crispum var. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. 12. 11.Rosmarinus officinalis. summer 10. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 1. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Foeniculum vulgare.Aloysia triphylla. rose 19. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Lavandula angustifolia.

Rosa eglanteria. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Galium odoratum. 14.salad burnet 6. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English'. English thyme dill 8. 16.Thymus × citriodorus.Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana. eglantine 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.

however. dill 2.Poterium sanguisorba. summer savory 11. lovage 15. and the plan could be used at a front door. parsley 5. English thyme Greek oregano 4. making the beds larger and the paths wider. Even in limited space. sweet marjoram 3.L. 1.A. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Origanum heracleoticum. Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. salad burnet 14. still observing a scale. The garden is conveniently located. sativa. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. Then the design might need to be expanded.S. A. The image would soon give way to other considerations. 13. .Chionanthus virginicus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 9. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. The number in each planting area is the key number. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. however. garden sage 8.Satureja hortensis.Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Taxus cuspidata.Artemisia dracunculus var. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. Japanese yew 17.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon thyme 10.Levisticum officinale.Petroselinum crispum.Mentha spicata. spearmint 16. 7.

nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.6. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.

and a gate provides access to the front of the property. Landscape Architect.Allium ampeloprasum.Polystichum acrostichoides. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fennel 19.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. sweet violet 16.Thymus × citriodorus. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Pulmonaria officinalis.S. cinnamon fern 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus.L. 13. 30. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. The long. 32. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. 33. Viola odorata. blue lungwort 26.A. summer 21. Dictamnus albus. 8. lemon thyme 28.Stachys byzantina. 9. 1. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. garden sage 17. Monarda didyma. 7. lavender marjoram 2. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. 6. salad 20. Jacob's-ladder 3. This is an intimate garden.Origanum majorana. bee balm 14.Digitalis grandiflora. Christmas fern 5. wild ginger 27. The number in each planting area is the key number. 31. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Polemonium reptans. 25.Asarum canadense. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Primula vulgaris.Teucrium chamaedrys. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. hop sativa. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Humulus lupulus. fraxinella 15.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. A.Convallaria majalis. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Osmunda cinnamomea. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. the challenge is obvious. yellow 29. 18.

Galium verum.lilac 10.savory germander Willmott'.Korean box 11. 35.Galium odoratum.Tsuga canadensis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Buxus microphylla var. sweet 34. curly parsley mountain ash 12. crispum.Satureja montana. French thyme woodruff koreana. yellow bedstraw 23. Canada hemlock Standard'. French'.Sorbus americana. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. winter savory 24.

It is a pleasing. One of the beds. Even so. To be placed near the kitchen. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Aloysia triphylla. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Rumex scutatus. this design can be an inspiration. it became part of the patio. Italian parsley .< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.Petroselinum crispum var. Surprisingly. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. lemon verbena 2. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. garden sage 20. devoted to a "yearly surprise. 1. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. 19. neapolitanum. dill 10. geometric design.Origanum heracleoticum. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.

chive 25. basil sativa.Origanum majorana. lemon basil 9. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum. crispum.17.Allium schoenoprasum. purple basil 4. winter savory 24.Melissa officinalis. borage 'Purpurascens'.Petroselinum crispum var.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. 16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. chervil marjoram 21. sweet 14.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. garlic chive 26.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.3. sweet 18. Alpine strawberry 7.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Ocimum basilicum 12. English thyme bush basil 8.Anthriscus cerefolium. summer savory 23. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . lemon balm cicely 6. sweet 13.Borago officinalis. salad 15.Myrrhis odorata. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Satureja montana. curly parsley 22.Poterium sanguisorba.

Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lavandula angustifolia. so. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Galium odoratum. sweet 13. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. geometric design. scented-leaf geranium 2.Santolina virens. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. it is full of interesting angles.Myrrhis odorata. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. D.Pelargonium in variety. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. 19. the work paths could be eliminated. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Satureja montana. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.C. it is an unusual. sweet cicely 23. too. blue 22.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. green santolina 12. rosemary 3. purple basil 4.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. lamb's-ears 20. Created in an orderly way. To increase the planting area.Hyssopus officinalis. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Thymus × citriodorus. English lavender 10. As a whole. gray . 14. winter 21. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. The center beds here were established in this way.Stachys byzantina.Rosmarinus officinalis.

garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .6.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. classic myrtle 9. 25.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. germander 16.Artemisia camphorata. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Myrtus communis. American southernwood holly 17.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Marrubium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. clove pink 7.Dianthus caryophyllus. French thyme santolina 15.Ilex opaca. silver mound artemisia 18. horehound24.

borage 23. French tarragon 14.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. Job's tears 11. purple basil 3.Satureja montana. yarrow 12. tansy 25.Hyssopus officinalis. absinthe 26. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Ocimum basilicum. Lavandula angustifolia. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 16. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Calendula officinalis. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. casts the shadow for the hour. this herb garden is secluded. pot marigold 24. This center of interest is of particular note. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 1. Coix lacryma-jobi. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. gray santolina 13. lemon balm 22. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. which adds its impression of warmth. too. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Achillea millefolium. sativa.Chamaemelum .Rosmarinus officinalis. English lavender 6.Melissa officinalis. blue hyssop 2. rosemary 15. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. sweet woodruff 5.Thymus praecox subsp. Sometimes space is limited.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia dracunculus var. arcticus 21. sweet basil 4. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Borago officinalis. Its arrow points north and. Galium odoratum.

white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.7.Syringa. chive 18.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Pelargonium in variety. costmary 'Albus'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pineapplescented sage 9. comfrey20. variegated garden sage 8. wild marjoram 28.Origanum majorana.Origanum vulgare. marjoram pecan 10.Carya illinoinensis. Salvia officinalis. chamomile 17.Symphytum officinale. garden sage 19. Salvia elegans. sweet 29. scented-leaf 27.

Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 6. blue 23. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. dill 20. lovage 22. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Allium sativum. sweet 34. parsley 17.Artemisia dracunculus var. 5.Ipomoea alba. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 4. 7. summer 32. sativa. rose geranium 2.Teucrium chamaedrys.Myrrhis odorata. 29. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Marrubium vulgare.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis.Galium odoratum.Apium graveolens. hyssop Meyer lemon . true ginger16. 9. 3. 36. 1. 8.Satureja hortensis. French sorrel 21. 18. The more invasive ones.Ruta graveolens. When controlled in this way. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. sunken into the ground. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. garlic Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium × limoneum. chervil 15. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Origanum majorana. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. 30. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium graveolens.Salvia officinalis. Anthriscus cerefolium. rue 31. sweet cicely 37. horehound 33. purple basil Zingiber officinale. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 19. lemon balm 35.

Ocimum basilicum. salad burnet 25.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil 38.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Aloysia triphylla. spearmint 27.Magnolia virginiana. Japanese yew 39. bush basil 14.10. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha spicata. English thyme 26. Greek oregano 12. French thyme 24. lemon verbena 11.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Tropaeolum minus.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. dwarf nasturtium 13.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. lemonthyme 28.

The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. whatever the reason. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. however." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. a quick way to ensure good drainage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. < previous page page_22 next page > . but. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. "Simplify. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. simplify!.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Artemisia dracunculus var. spearmint 21. spicebush absinthe French'.Lindera benzoin. bee balm 19. 12. 26. tomato American pennyroyal 4. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Mentha spicata. sweet 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 11. lettuce 10. garden sage 3.Anethum graveolens. rue 20.Lactuca sativa.Hedeoma pulegioides. jewelweed24. sweet 25.Melissa officinalis. 16. sweet 15.Tanacetum vulgare. aloe Grossum Group. parsley 2. peppermint 23. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.The number in each planting area is the key number. summer basil savory 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. lemon 22.Mentha x piperita. arcticus.Artemisia absinthium. 1.Monarda didyma.Galium odoratum. balm sativa. 18. 14.Allium schoenoprasum.Satureja hortensis.Salvia officinalis.Capsicum frutescens.Ruta graveolens. dill 13. bell pepper 6.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Petroselinum crispum. French tarragon 5.Allium fistulosum.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum.Aloe barbadensis.Origanum majorana.Impatiens capensis.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. arcticus 14. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. Russian 13. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus praecox subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Perovskia abrotanoides. French thyme 2. germander 7. too. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. horizontally laid bluestone. encloses this plan. 8.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. A low wall of brick.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium in variety. faced and capped with random. . The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. 1.

woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. white creeping thyme 5.Santolina neapolitana 4. arcticus 'Albus'.angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis.Galium odoratum. blue 11. trumpet vine 16. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus.Hamamelis virginiana. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lady's6.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. lemon balm hyssop 12. St.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. witch hazel 18.-John'swort 17. lavender 3. lemon thyme 10.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme 9.Viburnum cassinoides.Campsis radicans.

< previous page page_28 next page > . However. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Although this is not a large garden. the shrubsyew. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. holly. however. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. lilac. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. box. It is. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. Germander is a proper edging here. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

crimson creeping thyme 31.Borago officinalis.Stachys byzantina.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. santolina alpine pink 28. cottage pink 2.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Salvia leucophylla. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 23.Salvia sclarea.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Syringa patula. shrubby cinquefoil 46. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. clary 30. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. fraxinella 33. red creeping thyme 10.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. orris 38. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . Myrrhis odorata. dwarf crested iris 39. Japanese holly 42. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Myrtus communis. rue 6. white hyssop 4.Ruta graveolens. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb'sears 35. columnal yew 43. 1. 18. Simkins'.Iris × germanica var. 12. alpine strawberry 8. sweet albula. Japanese holly 47. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme 7. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Mentha requienii. Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Japanese yew 44. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Comptonia peregrina. prostrate rosemary 13.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. sweet violet 19. Corsican 24.Artemisia camphorata. Viola odorata. mint silver mound artemisia 25. blue horehound hyssop 3.Chrysanthemum coccineum. lilac 45. lady's.Satureja montana. 9. 26. green 27.Eloise & Jo Ray.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf box 41.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. 32. mantle chamomile 5. gray sage savory 14. Alchemilla vulgaris.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. dwarf privet 48. florentina. fringed wormwood 16.Artemisia frigida.Santolina pinnata 34.Santolina virens. Marrubium vulgare.Cytisus supinus.Dictamnus albus.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Thymus praecox subsp.20.Iris cristata.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. sweet cicely17. broom 40. 21. Thymus praecox subsp. winter 29.Hyssopus officinalis. classic myrtle 15. white creeping thyme 37. Heliotropium arborescens. lavender 22. germander 36.Anemone pulsatilla.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.

All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The direction a path takes can add interest. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. This hedge. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. Other paths are brick. a running bond pattern. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. an herb garden. and a vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. while adding to the enclosure of the area. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. a cutting garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . the center of interest for the herb garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. as is true here in the vegetable garden.

. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. A.A.S.

balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Campanula persicifolia. yellow 24. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. double white peony of-Persia 12.Ribes alpinum.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. pale 28. dill wishbone flower 5.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. cottage pink French'. bush basil 41. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Satureja hortensis. blue 27.Polystichum acrostichoides.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. yellow 35.Allium christophii.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. 14.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. Achillea taygetea. purple basil Japanese holly 17. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Ocimum basilicum 54. lavender 18.Limonium latifolium. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Lilium candidum. Anethum graveolens 23.Origanum heracleoticum. 52. Rosmarinus officinalis. verbena rose chive 11. Dictamnus albus. white 'Bouquet'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. helenium 4. Stokes' aster 31. alpine strawberry 3.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Stokesia laevis.Aloysia triphylla. blue hyssop 43. 50.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Galium odoratum. French thyme 7.Hemerocallis × luteola.Origanum majorana. 37. Aquilegia chrysantha.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Helleborus niger. sativa.Magnolia virginiana. French tarragon 8. green santolina 42. Christmas 48.Stachys byzantina. germander 39. statice Solemacher'. York-andLancaster rose 16. 22. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. sweet 51.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. lemon thyme 40. clary 46.Pelargonium in variety. summer 34.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. fraxinella 26.Digitalis grandiflora.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. blue iris 9. 47.Satureja montana. lamb's-ears 49. starsMaxima'.Salvia sclarea. winter savory 44. 53. yellow epimedium 15.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. lemon 29. Louise'. sweet marjoram 45. 55. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 32. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. 1.Hyssopus officinalis. candytuft Standard'.The number in each planting area is the key number. plantain lily 2.Thymus × citriodorus.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. garden sage 56.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Santolina virens.

An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. as in this case. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. While serving as a soil retainer. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. < previous page page_32 next page > . The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area.

Lavandula angustifolia. F. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. crispum. lamb's25.Iris cristata.Thymus × citriodorus.Alchemilla vulgaris. Stachys byzantina.Viola odorata. lemon verbena 46. sweet 23. 42.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Mentha spicata.Iris pseudacorus. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.45. 21.Galium odoratum. borage 26. 1. lemon 22.Solanum pseudocapsicum. Ocimum basilicum. Landscape Architect. bee balm 24.A. Melissa officinalis. spearmint 41. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. lady's43.R.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.A. Borago officinalis. English 44. . Monarda didyma. The number in each planting area is the key number.Aloysia triphylla. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Allium schoenoprasum.

costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Salvia officinalis. myrtle 58. tabasco senna pepper 20.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. pineapple38. Ajuga reptans.Foeniculum vulgare.Capsicum frutescens.Artemisia absinthium.Elaeagnus pungens. horehound neapolitanum.Origanum majorana. French tarragon holly 13. curly parsley oak 17. mullein chive 47.Satureja hortensis. catnip 50.Nepeta cataria. 40.Crataegus arkansana. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Chrysanthemum balsamita.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. orange mint 29. wild 39.Dianthus caryophyllus. salad burnet 10.Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Vinca minor.Artemisia abrotanum.Cassia marilandica. 57.Marrubium vulgare. 33.Petroselinum crispum var. citrata.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Allium cepa. Proliferum Group. dill 34. sweet marjoram 28.Anethum graveolens. pink hawthorn 16. garden sage 36. southernwood 31.Cornus florida. polyantha rose 12.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Salvia elegans. garlic chive 48.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. fennel 35. clove 55. Poterium sanguisorba.7. summer 32.Mentha pulegium. Rosmarinus officinalis. curly mint 30. savory sativa.Allium tuberosum. carpet bugleweed 8. rue 51.Rosa × rehderana. 37. Porrum Group. pennyroyal 54. Greek 53. absinthe English thyme 27. post crispum 'Banquet'.Allium ampeloprasum. rosemary 9. 52. leek 49.Verbascum thapsus. Egyptian onion 11. 56.Quercus stellata. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Petroselinum crispum var. flowering dogwood 15.Allium sativum.Mentha × piperita var.Ruta graveolens.

Although this is a northeast exposure. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. sleep pillows. However. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. < previous page page_34 next page > . the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. mothproofing bags. and vinegars.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden.

Landscape Architect . Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.

Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium cepa. Egyptian onion 42.Agastache foeniculum.Hemerocallis.Tsuga canadensis.Calendula officinalis. lemon verbena 36. pot 28. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Allium pulchellum 47.Satureja montana. Ruta graveolens. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Hyssopus officinalis .Thuja occidentalis.Iris × germanica var. Petroselinum crispum var.Allium schoenoprasum. lavender 7. lettuce in variety 25. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Ocimum basilicum 27. French tarragon 10. sativa. 49. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Galium odoratum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. daylily in variety 41.Rosmarinus officinalis. English finger-bowl geranium 38. tansy 16. round-headed garlic 46. garden sage 2.Artemisia abrotanum.Valeriana officinalis. lemon 18.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon 31. garden 'Purpurascens'. salad 22. 50.Rumex scutatus. Hallock'. burnet lovage 6.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. 'President Poincare'. bay 48. winter 29. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. peppermint geranium 40. Roman 20. Artemisia pontica.Salvia officinalis. 1.Aloysia triphylla. 24.Mentha spicata.Allium sphaerocephalum.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. crispum. bee balm 30. Thymus × citriodorus.Laurus nobilis. dwarf nasturtium 37. costmary 5. chive 43. orris 17. Proliferum Group. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Melissa officinalis. 21.Salvia elegans. 'Monge'. French gray santolina sorrel 8. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Poterium sanguisorba. blue hyssop 35. Lactuca. florentina.Pelargonium tomentosum. southernwood 9. nutmeg geranium 39. purple basil sage 11.The number in each planting area is the key number. 19.Pelargonium graveolens.Levisticum officinale.Alchemilla vulgaris. balm valerian 15. lilac 32.Tanacetum vulgare. anise hyssop 14.Tropaeolum minus.Monarda didyma. lily leek 44. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Salvia oficinalis. 23.Pelargonium fragrans. rue 26.Allium moly.Allium sativum var.

< previous page page_36 next page > . A simple knot. Invasive. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. is the focus of the middle level.

dwarf winter savory 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Monarda didyma. Satureja montana 'Nana'. foxglove 4. fennel 25.Salvia elegans. houseleek 45.Marrubium vulgare. 1. French tarragon 44.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Valeriana officinalis. bee balm 26. valerian 5.Foeniculum vulgare. white thrift 24. horehound 46. thyme 3. pineapple mint 22. salad burnet 23. Digitalis purpurea. summer savory 43. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa.Satureja hortensis. pineapplescented sage 47.Sempervivum tectorum. golden thyme .Armeria maritima.

clary 48.Echium vulgare. Dictamnus albus. Madonna cicely lily 12. white 58. marigold chive 15.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. China rose comfrey 19.Agrimonia eupatoria.6.Salvia viridis. English 52. sweet 50.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. dyer's woad 7. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . fraxinella 8.Alchemilla vulgaris. feverfew climbing rose 16.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Myrrhis odorata.Anemone pulsatilla. dwarf edging box 21. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. sweet 32.Salvia officinalis. 39. parthenium.Origanum majorana. Salvia sclarea.Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Laurus nobilis.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. French'.Helleborus niger. white creeping thyme aconite 14. pot 35. pink 62.Ocimum basilicum.Allium schoenoprasum. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Lavandula angustifolia. yellow 41.Sium sisarum.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. viper's 34.Chrysanthemum 36.Thymus praecox subsp. 61.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. angelica Lenten rose 10. Angelica archangelica. blue hyssop 57.Calendula officinalis. Isatis tinctoria.Lilium candidum.Eranthis hyemalis. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. lavender Christmas rose 11. arcticus 55. 33. rosemary 28.Artemisia absinthium.Levisticum officinale. pink 59. skirret 60. garden 42. annual clary 51. 54.Crocus sativus. winter bugloss 'Albus'. absinthe 53.Ruta graveolens.Galium odoratum. 30.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosa eglanteria. 40.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sweet basil sage 27. 38. rue 31.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Symphytum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis. germander 56. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. sweet 37.Rosa chinensis.Helleborus orientalis.Galium verum.

There is variety in this plan. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. even though space is limited. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. < previous page page_38 next page > . may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Carya ovata. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. However. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and the shagbark hickory. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.

betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. stewardsonii. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. box Ruta graveolens. Canada Isatis tinctoria. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. sativa. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. Poterium sanguisorba. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. lamb's. French Galium odoratum. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. Artemisia absinthium. Adiantum pedatum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. flax Buxus sempervirens. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. sweet basil Satureja montana. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var.Arisaema triphyllum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. chive Ilex opaca. bee balm Melissa officinalis. valerian Rosa damascena. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. Asarum canadense. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium verum. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. box Buxus sempervirens. angelica Mondarda didyma. green santolina Primula veris. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. germander Agastache foeniculum. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. citrata. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. Aloysia triphylla. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. rue Cornusflorida. red mint . fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. borage Petroselinum crispum. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. Marrubium vulgare. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. box Carya ovata.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. unplanned look was desired. < previous page page_40 next page > . first intended for the construction of a cottage. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. this excavation. it is open on the side facing the house. A clump of birch here. However. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A singular statue of St. An informal. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. is on a sandy knoll. a dipping pool there. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. too. For this appearance. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. 76.Teucrium canadense.Urginea maritima.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Coriandrum sativum.Achillea tomentosa. garden sage lungwort 57. chive crispum.Mentha × gentilis.Mentha spicata. Johnny-jump-up54. mint 50.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Consolida orientalis.Chrysanthemum 80. pot 66. lamb's-ears parsley 19. marsh 42.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. French'.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 79. 63. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. orange geranium 11.Vinca minor. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Petroselinum crispum.Pelargonium denticulatum. white birch English lavender parthenium. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. Sempervivum tectorum. 34.Rosa 'Merry England'. thrift55. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Anthriscus cerefolium.Viola tricolor. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Convallaria majalis.Chelidonium majus. peppermint 47.Melissa officinalis. 72.Mentha pulegium.Angelica archangelica. 65. rose bergamot valerian 25.Origanum vulgare. 75. 52.Poterium sanguisorba. 36.Marrubium vulgare. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. wild 43. creeping juniper 26. red mint 48. 30. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 64. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula angustifolia. 67.Satureja montana. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Anethum graveolens. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 32.Stachys byzantina. 77.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha suaveolens. apple mint 49. 60. 61.Glechoma hederacea. 70.Monarda didyma.Artemisia abrotanum. celandine cicely 18. 74. pennyroyal 46. lemon balm 44. winter savory 20. 'Prostratus'. 33. myrtle 14.Valeriana officinalis. Thymus praecox subsp. 12. 59.Mentha × piperita. feverfew 27. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Santolina florentina. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Althaea officinalis.Origanum majorana. 38.Allium favum lovage 22.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Pulmonaria officinalis. 58. Thymus × citriodorus. catnip 73.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Tanacetum vulgare var. lemon 35.Betula papyrifera.Origanum onites.Ocimum basilicum. Iris × germanica var.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. orris chamaecyparissus. 78.Pelargonium quercifolium. rose geranium 10.Pelargonium crispum.The number in each planting area is the key number. golden 37.Thymus praecox subsp.Armeria maritima.Ajuga reptans. bee balm . 1. 8. gray scented sage santolina 4. rue 29.Nepeta cataria.Salvia officinalis. sweet 71. 68. blue 2.Hyssopus officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 23. 31.Digitalis purpurea.Thymus herba-barona. spearmint 45.Pelargonium graveolens. 53.Salvia elegans. 69.Digitalis grandiflora.Chrysanthemum balsamita. purple basil 9. Ruta graveolens.Myrrhis odorata.Levisticum officinale. wild 51.Monarda fistulosa. pineapple3. woolly thyme 13. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. sea onion angelica 24.Satureja hortensis. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.

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and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. < previous page page_42 next page > . The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. Foundation stone. Because of the edging box. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. and the two small trees. They are clustered around the smokehouse. is used for the wall. making it more a part of the herb garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the accents of the six large box.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. the same as the smokehouse construction.

.A.S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect. A.L.

chive comfrey curly mint 8.Crataegus laevigata. dwarf edging box 14. 39.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Ocimum basilicum 30. box 'Citriodorum'.Pulmonaria officinalis. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . sweet cicely45. purple basil sativa. lemon 36.Myrrhis odorata.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. pineapple mint 18. 44. crownbasil savory imperial 11. 22.Angelica archangelica.Mentha × piperita var. English 'Minimum'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. balsamita. Dictamnus albus. 40. Asarum europaeum.Allium giganteum.Ocimum basilicum 32.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. bee balm 29. 41.Mentha spicata. species in variety crispum. lemon 34. sweet marjoram 2.Ocimum basilicum.Buxus sempervirens.Artemisia dracunculus var.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Aloysia triphylla. fringed 43. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. 'Purpurascens'.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Melissa officinalis. summer 25.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 27.Levisticum officinale.Chrysanthemum 28.Artemisia abrotanum.Crocus. winter 42. rosemary 3. fraxinella 17. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Lilium candidum.Prunus domestica. 31. European ginger 4. Rosmarinus officinalis. Corsican 33.Fritillaria imperialis. Origanum majorana.38.Allium schoenoprasum. white 23. lemon basil 15.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet 26.Viola tricolor. lady's. Symphytum officinale. Lavandula angustifolia. verbena English thyme 5. Satureja hortensis. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. blue angelica lungwort 20.Mentha × piperita.Satureja montana. Pelargonium graveolens. 35. orange mint 19. 1.Artemisia frigida. spearmint 48. 21.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet 37. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. lovage 46.Mentha requienii.The number in each planting area is the key number. balm citrata. Ocimum basilicum 24. 47.

arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Lowgrowing. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. < previous page page_44 next page > . too. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. the dwarf box edging. This is true also of the stone curbing. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. two specimen shrubs. a soil retainer. The dipping bowl. This hedge. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. pink of Dianthus. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. although it is ample at four feet. Instead. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual.

L. Landscape Architect.A. A.S.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .

dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Leucojum aestivum. 36.Galium odoratum.Galanthus nivalis.Allium giganteum angelica 11. American 38. 51.Heliotropium arborescens.Cimicifuga racemosa. lily. winter savory 39.Angelica archangelica. 58. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Mentha spicata. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. Thymus doerfleri. 1. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.57. thyme 29. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. gray 22.Teucrium canadense. 40. 'Lanuginosus'. golden thyme41.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 54. verbena snowflake 19. 17. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Narcissus triandrus var. lamb's-ears 28.Mentha × piperita var. 56.Salvia sclarea. white 42.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. 50. marjoram crocus 7.Convallaria majalis.Sternbergia lutea. 2.Tulipa clusiana. angel's-tears 59.Aloysia triphylla. Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum. lemon 33. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Levisticum officinale.Allium christophii.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. arcticus 30. sweet 47.Mertensia virginica. 44. orange mint 8. 43. lemon 60. 26. arcticus 34.Helleborus lividus subsp.Crocus kotschyanus. sweet 55.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. green santolina 37.Hamamelis virginiana. black cohosh windflower 15.Crocus angustifolius.Digitalis grandiflora. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Borago officinalis. 49. borage 31.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Myrica pensylvanica. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus herba-barona.Narcissus asturiensis. prostrate rosemary 18.Thymus praecox subsp.Nepeta mussinii.Santolina virens.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 20. spearmint 48.Crocus speciosus. clary 32. 53.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Thymus × citriodorus.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . Salvia officinalis. white creeping thyme lovage 10. 46. angustifolia 'Nana'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Stachys byzantina. Spanish bluebell 16. tulip citrata. Madonna 63. Compactus'. rue25. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 61.Pelargonium in variety.Anemone blanda.Helleborus niger. 45.Satureja montana. Thymus praecox subsp. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Dicentra spectabilis.Crocus tomasinianus.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. sweet 27. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. catmint 35.Pelargonium in variety.Lilium candidum.Mentha × piperita. 52. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. caraway thyme albus.

This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. this herb garden was designed before the house was built.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The results have been most satisfying. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Second. First. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Morning sun warms it early.

sweet basil 23.Allium ampeloprasum.Apium graveolens. Artemisia absinthium 24.Crocus sieberi. English thyme 43.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.S.Salvia sclarea.A. 1.Salvia officinalis. .L. Origanum heracleoticum. 'Lambrook Silver'. tulip 45. garden sage 4. leek 46. clary thyme 22. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. 26. Thymus praecox subsp. Porrum Group. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme 3. Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. French tarragon 5. marigold 41. lemon 21. Ocimum basilicum.Allium neapolitanum.Tagetes 'Lulu'. A. Landscape Architect. wild celery 42.Artemisia lactiflora. Beauty'.Tulipa tarda. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. crocus 44. absinthe sativa. The number in each planting area is the key number.

American elderberry 15. lovage 34.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Stachys byzantina.Petroselinum crispum var. pale 49. Lavandula angustifolia. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Asclepias tuberosa. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Digitalis grandiflora. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. weed chive 48. blue 38. curly parsley 20. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . monkshood upright yew 17. fraxinella 36. red currant gray santolina 13. catmint 53. Viola odorata.Lobelia siphilitica. 39. 32.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. sweet 37. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Santolina virens. 54.Galium mollugo. lemon 50.Dianthus × allwoodii. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. lobelia Sherbert'. 8.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Malus hupehensis. 29. Robert verbena Brydon'.Tropaeolum minus.Allium senescens var.Origanum majorana.Ribes sativum. dogwood 19.Cornus florida.Ilex opaca.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Achillea filipendula 60.Levisticum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis. butterfly 47.Aconitum napellus.Ipomoea alba. viola holly 18.Nepeta × faassenii. bee balm foxglove Choice'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. white evergreen azalea 16.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. 56. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. alpine 28. yellow 55. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. American marjoram Yellow'. great 31.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Artemisia camphorata.Clematis 'Mrs.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. clematis 11. 58. lamb's-ears 52.Dictamnus albus. pink 30.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. green 40.Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.foxglove 7.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

repeats again the octagonal form. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. even though the growing area is not extensive. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. an impression of Sol in it. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A birdbath of copper. The four herb beds. are raised with bricks on edge. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Well-drained as they are.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium tomentosum.Rosmarinus officinalis. dill 18. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Mentha spicata. thyme salad burnet 40. French tarragon 7. curly parsley 32. 27. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. peppermint 4. 1. clary 21. curly mint 3. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Salvia sclarea. French 26. Anethum graveolens. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. golden variegated garden sage 38. angustifolia. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Aloysia triphylla. Stachys byzantina. Semple.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff 9.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium crispum. Artemisia abrotanum.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. sativa.Poterium sanguisorba. silver mound artemisia 8. gray 'Prince of Orange'. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Lavandula angustifolia.Marrubium vulgare.Heliotropium arborescens. 29. Galium odoratum.Joan E.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 41. bush basil 23.Pelargonium denticulatum. lemon 39.Petroselinum crispum var. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Mentha × piperita.Santolina 25.Lavandula dentata. 43. rue 35. purple basil 24. 16. catmint 6.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. orange santolina geranium 11. lamb's-ears 17. variegated garden sage 37. white creeping thyme 12. English thyme horehound 2. 28. sweet basil 22. lemon 30.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crispum. spearmint southernwood 5. rosemary 33.Nepeta mussinii.Allium tuberosum. clove pink 10.Ruta graveolens. 19.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. prostrate rosemary 34. 42.Allium schoenoprasum. absinthe 20. lavender 15. Artemisia absinthium. heliotrope 31. purple variegated garden sage 36.

this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. A suitable fence. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. rose. rose geranium. a toolhouse. if neither is available. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. lemon verbena. < previous page page_52 next page > . There are a number of plants suitable for such use. and lantana are a few. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. A birdbath may replace the pool.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

white creeping thyme 2. fern-leaf tansy 8.Chamaemelum nobile. 1.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.L.Tanacetum vulgare var.Rosmarinus officinalis.Chenopodium botrys. 13. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Heliotropium arborescens.Santolina virens. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. heliotrope 21. zonal geranium 18. A. rosescented geranium 17. verbena ambrosia 4. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme 15. lemon thyme 20. geranium 16.Origanum majorana.Artemisia absinthium 11. zonal geranium 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus. absinthe 'Minimum'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . lavender 3.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium frutetorum.Aloysia triphylla. The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina chamomile 14. 7. crispum.S.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. sweet santolina marjoram 6. lemon 10. green 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.A. Landscape Architect. 9. bush basil 5.

At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. a sundial. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Box and holly enclose it all. These can easily obliterate a design. but the design itself has endured forty years. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Angelica. artemisias.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. The dwarf box frames the focal point. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. mints. apothecary's rose. a deep mauve to others. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. As the snows melt. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. box. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. the design is clearly traced. Hyssop hedges define the circles.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Sempervivum tectorum. 48. chamomile 31. dyer's woad 9. perilla 51.James D. 26. arcticus 39. marjoram lungwort crispum. butterfly weed35. blue 50.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet 27. daffodil 17. 'Albus'. dwarf edging box 21.Symphytum officinale. Rosmarinus officinalis. lamb's-ears 33.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. arcticus 40. 58. skirret 53.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Iris × germanica var. 59. orris box 22.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Hyssopus officinalis. bush basil nettle orpine 4. southernwood 2. feverfew 14.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. Dianthus caryophyllus. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. Satureja montana.Santolina chamaecyparissus. piney 44.Foeniculum vulgare. rue 23.Syringa.Alchemilla alpina. 55.Lavandula dentata.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Santolina neapolitana 36. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. Chamaemelum nobile.Tanacetum vulgare var. green.Origanum onites. alpine 60.Asclepias tuberosa. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. wild 52. Origanum majorana. rosemary 25.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. weld 54. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Pelargonium in variety. gray 37. florentina.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Armeria maritima. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . yew Beauty'.30. Canadian burnet 13.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. fern-leaf tansy 5.Stachys byzantina.Artemisia camphorata.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. winter savory 32.Pyrus communis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus praecox subsp. valerian 6.Melissa officinalis. blue hyssop 42.Teucrium chamaedrys. grape fennel 19. lilac 70.Taxus. Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens.Monarda fistulosa. arcticus 38. Tropaeolum majus.Asarum europaeum. 67.Thymus praecox subsp. clove pink 29. 62.Astrantia major.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pot bergamot marjoram 7. white dead 49. nasturtium 28. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Isatis tinctoria. bronze 64.Galium odoratum.47.Lavandula angustifolia. green santolina 24.Sium sisarum.Artemisia absinthium.Lilium candidum. sweet woodruff45. orris 57. thrift 41. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. masterwort 69. 56. crimson creeping thyme 18. lady's-mantle 46. 65.Paeonia officinalis.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Helleborus orientalis. Graham.63.Valeriana officinalis. germander 43. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Reseda luteola. houseleek Lenten rose 11. French thyme Madonna lily 16. white 66. scented. absinthe 34.Sedum telephium.Helleborus niger.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Pulmonaria officinalis. 1.Vitis.Arisaema dracontium. white creeping thyme French'.Lamium album.Perillafrutescens.

include this one. Rosa 'Albertine'. If there is room for only one rambler rose. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. The brick edging around each bed is a help. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. pink. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. rising from the courtyard.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. but no panacea for the maintenance required." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. At the top of the steps. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. They are small specialty beds. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. < previous page page_56 next page > . Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. with buds of red. However. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. The large. In addition to the brick edging around each.

rhubarb 2. subsp. Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon balm 42. tansy Bois'.Rheum rhabarbarum. lavender 4. Carum carvi.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. caraway 24. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 1. alpine strawberry 3. bush basil 43. 22.Tanacetum vulgare. angelica 20.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. English thyme .Borago officinalis. foxglove 39.Satureja montana. Angelica archangelica. winter savory 41.Melissa officinalis.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. 23. garden sage 40.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.

centifolia var.R. geranium in 30.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. 49. salad 7.R. Irish-lace 48. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Calendula officinalis. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. sweet 37.R. French'. Consolida ambigua. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Origanum majorana. 31. 54. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. Thymus 'Argenteus'.R. centifolia 'Cristata'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Chenopodium 55. rose 28. cheddar pink 53.Chrysanthemum. citrata.Poterium sanguisorba. var.6.Salvia elegans. blue hyssop 25. pineapple34. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. 56.Anethum graveolens 47. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Pelargonium. clove pink Mammoth'. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.R. bourbon rose 10.Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula dentata.R. curly parsley 26.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 36. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Marrubium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. French 33. thyme frutescens.Satureja hortensis.R. pot 50.Artemisia dracunculus 44. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.'Baronne Prevost'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.'Albertine'. Mexican tea 18.Mentha × piperita var. 45.sativa. prostrate rosemary 16.Laurus nobilis.Tagetes filifolia. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. 35.R.Allium schoenoprasum. Pelargonium graveolens. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 29.Dianthus Victoria'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. centifolia. Hyssopus officinalis.Chrysanthemum 46. musk rose 12. marguerite chive 9. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. lemon 51. muscosa 15. silver 27.

as it should be. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Laid in an unusual pattern. < previous page page_58 next page > . Balance is augmented. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. It is near the house. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Santolina chamaecyparissus.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 16.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. dwarf edging box 8. The number in each planting area is the key number. green 22. 24.Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Myosotis sylvatica. dill 9. double white peony 5. Landscape Architect. rosemary yellow viola 10. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Heliotropium arborescens.Anethum graveolens. sweet basil 14.L. heliotrope 3. 17. English thyme signet marigold 11. santolina moss rose 7. chive lemon verbena 6. 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum majorana. angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.S.Lucile Teeter Kissack. white creeping thyme 4.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Poterium sanguisorba. 1. arcticus 'Albus'.Aloysia triphylla. blue hyssop 13.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina virens. 21.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. A. English'. gray 15.Satureja hortensis. 19. 20. lavender 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.A.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.

A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. potted lemon verbena. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and a comfortable. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. winter pruned. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. < previous page page_60 next page > . The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and the grape arbor. too. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The grape vines. Herbs. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. the fence with roses. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. The pattern is symmetrically geometric.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Nepeta mussinii. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Iris cristata. Aloysia triphylla. lovage Myrrhis odorata. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 3. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Stachys byzantina. lemon Linum perenne. sweet climbing rose. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Valeriana officinalis. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Teucrium chamaedrys. conical yew rosemary 1. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. purple variegated garden sage 4. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Galium odoratum. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. three.Amsonia tabernaemontana. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. marsh climbing rose. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Althaea officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. BED II germander BED IV 2.

marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Rosmarinus officinalis. plume Baptisia australis.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. creeping thyme in variety 8. Chamaemelum nobile. Thymus × citriodorus. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Sempervivum. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. lemon Anemone hybrida. tuberosa 6. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lemon thyme 9. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 10. houseleek in variety 7. catmint 5. Delphinium × belladonna. beach Marrubium vulgare. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. angustifolia 'Munstead'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . fairy rose Giant'.

Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . planted in bands across these beds. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. holly. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Ivy. Another angle could be tried with these. Later. blue green. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. magnolia. if desired. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. myrtle. silver. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. its detail is shown below.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Either it flourished too well. and bright green in the herb beds. Herbs. this was replaced with ''edging" box. grew too large. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. tend to broaden the width of the garden.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. purple garden sage 7. 1. lime geranium 4.Laurus nobilis.Myrica pensylvanica. Ocimum basilicum 24.Magnolia grandiflora. purple basil savory 35. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Origanum majorana.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. salad 43.Thymus carnosus. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Marrubium vulgare. rue 20. thyme 38. English ivy burnet 10. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. dwarf 21. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Lavandula angustifolia. 33. lemon 29.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. silver-king artemisia 23. 25. 49.Mentha spicata. bay rosemary 12. spearmint 42. bee balm30. borage 26.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Monarda didyma. sweet woodruff 36. arcticus 'Albus'.Poterium sanguisorba.Vinca minor.Mentha suaveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus doerfleri. Ocimum basilicum 22.Hedera helix. 28. box chamaecyparissus. lamb's. English thyme chamomile 2.Satureja montana.Pelargonium fragrans.Rumex scutatus.Chamaemelum nobile. ears rose geranium 3. Borago officinalis.Melissa officinalis. horehound germander 17. dwarf edging box 11. lovage 48. winter 'Purpurascens'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ilex opaca. sweet 34. 6.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. myrtle 47. French thyme 39.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 44.Artemisia abrotanum. French 27. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. thyme 37. tansy 45. Tropaeolum minus. 'Minimum'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. woolly thyme 8.19. American holly 31. gray santolina 15. Stachys byzantina. caraway thyme 40.Pelargonium × nervosum. bayberry balm thyme 13. Ruta graveolens. lemon 46.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia dracunculus var. English'.Tanacetum vulgare.Galium odoratum.Thymus × citriodorus. bush basil albula.Buxus sempervirens 14.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. white creeping thyme 41.Levisticum officinale.Thymus herba-barona.

< previous page page_64 next page > . Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. and treessome of which are espaliered. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The four potted bay. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. potted shrubs. too. maypoles. standards.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. There is variety in the walks. It is a large garden. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. adding to the space for walking. brick. It is located for the best viewing. The use of flagstone. accent this prime focal point even more. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Laurus nobilis. too. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence.

53. 1.odoratissimum.P. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 29.Viola tricolor. 49. pot 52.50. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. wild 28.Chrysanthemum balsamita.P. Thymus × citriodorus. love-in.acerifolium.P.Chenopodium botrys. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.P. 25. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Satureja montana. apple English thyme up geranium 3. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . Johnny-jump.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. fragrans. winter 27.Nigella damascena.Calendula officinalis. 51. musty oakscented geranium 5. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.quercifolium. 26.

lettuce 39. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Myrtus communis.Origanum dictamnus.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. denticulatum.Achilleafilipendula. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Artemisia abrotanum. strawberry 48. lemon balm 45.Livingston'.Viola odorata.P. pine crispum. crispum. box 19.Petroselinum crispum. denticulatum 11. white sweet yarrow violet 13. 44.Acorus calamus.Salvia officinalis.Forsythia. rosemary 9.Fragaria vesca. forsythia 'Albus'. salad 42. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Tanacetum vulgare var. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .P. crispum 'Minor'.P.Thymus praecox subsp. 62.× nervosum.6. cherry tomato chive 17. 57. lemon southernwood geranium 34.P. garden sage 54.Laurus nobilis.Monarda didyma. lime geranium 55.P.Poncirus trifoliata. Rosmarinus officinalis. crowfoot 70.Malus angustifolia. bronze 38.P. Chamaemelum nobile.Mentha. English lavender 32. 64.Allium senescens var. peppermint 67. pheasant's.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. blue hyssop 10. 61. radens 'Dr. classic 21. wild thyme 31. 41.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon geranium 56. 71.72.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon 65. arcticus43. fern-leaf 60.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet flag 16.Aloysia triphylla. chamomile 8.P.P.Lavandula angustifolia. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. dill 36.Marrubium vulgare. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. bee balm 63.P. lemon geranium 33. lemon 47.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. lemon-rose geranium 22. sweet 37.P. radens. graveolens. bay 20. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Levisticum officinale. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Artemisia dracunculus var.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. 58. horehound 46.P. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Melissa officinalis.Mentha pulegium.Thymus serpyllum. tomentosum.Malus. Hyssopus officinalis. orange geranium 23. parsley 35. glutinosum. lettuce 40. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Pelargonium crispum. French tarragon Rose'.Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. rose geranium66. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. camphor-scented geranium 69. golden lemon thyme 7.P.Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia caerulea.

The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. too. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. In keeping with this feeling. < previous page page_66 next page > . green santolina. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. and Allium karataviense. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The result is one of sculptured elegance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

apple mint 13.Allium christophii. big blue lilyturf 12. wormwood fennel 2.Allium sativa.Thymus × citriodorus. Santolina virens. Mentha suaveolens.Hyssopus officinalis.Liriope muscari. winter savory 9. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 11.Florence B. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive 4. gray 10. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Baker.Foeniculum vulgare. 15.Salvia officinalis.Satureja montana.Levisticum officinale. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. blue hyssop 16. fringed 7.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Artemisia frigida. green santolina 14. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Allium moly. dwarf garden 17. garden sage 18. Artemisia dracunculus var. 8. arcticus. 1.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

the upper deck. and the front porch of the house. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. for the box after new spring growth. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. < previous page page_70 next page > . One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the circle. the square.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Many herb gardens could provide this.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

chamomile 2. lavender 5.Satureja montana.Cupressus sempervirens. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . dwarf myrtle 6. Italian cypress 9. dwarf edging box 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. lemon 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. winter savory 4.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. 1.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Chamaemelum nobile.Cedrus deodara. viola 3.The number in each planting area is the key number.

The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible.. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. as it was with this plan. Paths are gravel. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Roses. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Coin with Tudor rose design. from Peter Coats." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

salad burnet 10. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. mallow 13. Hyssopus officinalis. rosemary 16. 1. English daisy 36.Primula vulgaris.Crocus sativus.Mentha spicata. lemon balm 31. 25. saffron lily crocus 12. chamomile 4. Dianthus caryophyllus. Malva sylvestris.Fragaria vesca.Lactuca sativa. 22.Aconitum napellus.Rosmarinus officinalis. monkshood27. Chamaemelum nobile. Origanum majorana.Calendula officinalis.Iris pseudacorus.Ruta graveolens. winter 32.Petroselinum crispum.Mentha × piperita. spearmint 30. yellow flag 26.Buxus sempervirens. Madonna 23.Crithmum maritimum.Anemone pulsatilla. earth 24. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . classic myrtle 18. clove20.The number in each planting area is the key number.Poterium sanguisorba. rue 33. Foeniculum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. oxlip 17. wild thyme 5.Myrtus communis. 19. caraway 35. pot marigold 15.Satureja montana.Fumaria officinalis. Eryngium maritimum. parsley 29. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Lilium candidum.Viola odorata.Primula elatior. absinthe peppermint 8. blue hyssop 2. fennel 21. sweet marjoram 3. 34.Viola tricolor.Melissa officinalis.Bellis perennis. sweet violet 6. Thymus serpyllum.Carum carvi. lettuce 28. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.

along with a measure of fragrance." Concrete blocks. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . However. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. its tufted. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. white. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. white blooms and woolly.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Selected for this reason. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. most of the blooms are nightscented. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. but Always Love. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. plumed. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. spurred. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silver mound. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.

yarrow 'Mount Hood'. sweet 31. 'Albus'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. 1. pink 15.Galanthus nivalis.Marrubiam vulgare. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Lilium candidum.Dictamnus albus. petunia 30. horehound 2.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum. 17. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. white 32.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lamb's. Thymus 'Argenteus'.19. white .Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Stachys byzantina. silver mound artemisia 3. silver 16. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.

rose 41. Adam's. 28.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 25. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . white 27.Ipomoea alba. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. dame's honesty rocket 14.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Artemisia ludoviciana.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.21. clary 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. albula. tuberose 36.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. white 22.6. western mugwort 7. needle florentina. rose 40. 26. daffodil 35.Hesperis matronalis. Viola odorata.Artemisia stellerana. sweet violet 20. Artemisia absinthium. lavender 12.Lunaria annua.Convallaria majalis. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. moonflower 39. Artemisia lactiflora. orris 8.Polianthes tuberosa.Matthiola incana.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. lily-ofthe-valley 11. 23.Iris × germanica var.Salvia sclarea. tulip 38.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Yucca filamentosa.Artemisia ludoviciana var. white stock absinthe 10. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. tulip 37.

simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. textures. Many of these herbs lack the hues. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. This herb garden. Rather. required their use as an educational adjunct. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. < previous page page_76 next page > . too.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. related to an old mill reconstruction.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. sweet 49.Anthemis tinctoria.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. weld 57. fuller's 30. 29.Chelidonium majus.Rubia tinctorum. Agave fourcroydes. henequen marigold bearberry 8. Musa textilis.Monarda didyma.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Convallaria majalis. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . St. lily.Isatis tinctoria.Tagetes erecta.46. Agave sisalana. yellow 55.Tagetes patula. French 33. 1.Mahonia aquifolium. 47. bee 36. privet marigold 15. Sansevieria trifasciata.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Anchusa officinalis.Coptis trifolia. 22.Hypericum perforatum. broad 42.Carthamus tinctorius. Linum usitatissimum. 48.Galium odoratum.Ligustrum vulgare.Phytolacca americana. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Coreopsis tinctoria.Indigofera tinctoria.Cytisus scoparius.Furcraea hexapetala. sisal 27. Manila 25.Parmelia conspersa.Allium cepa. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Genista tinctoria. 23. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Hydrastis canadensis.Cotinus coggygria. flax 21.Agrimonia eupatoria. woad Susan laevifolium.Dipsacus sativus. 53. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Rumex acetosa. African 45.Crocus sativus. 32. Gossypium hirsutum.Polygonum hydropiperoides. dyer's broom safflower 6. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. stinging nettle44. 43. 37. ramie 24. alkanet 52.Pteridium aquilinum. sumac poke 17. dyer's 31.Reseda luteola.Morus rubra or alba. 20. Scotch broom hemp 7. Boehmeria nivea. saffron crocus marguerite 3. blueberry 13. garden 56. queen.Sanguinaria canadensis.Galium verum.Rhus typhina. 26.Genista germanica. 28.Solidago species. Hibiscus cannabinus. goldthread 41. onion China jute 4.38. golden 40. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 35. 34. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Prunus persica..Urtica dioica. 39.Cladrastis lutea. black-eyed 50. madder 54.Berberis vulgaris.Rudbeckia hirta.Rumex obtusifolius.Filipendula ulmaria.Viburnum acerifolium. peach bracken sorrel 19.51. Abutilon theophrasti.

A totally appealing edging. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Elsewhere. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. < previous page page_78 next page > . pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. as well as the roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

24. rambler 19. Alfred de Rougemont'. 25. 'Mignonette' 5. cl. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 1. 'Seven Sisters'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'American Pillar'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 23. 'Sombreuil'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Mme. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. cl. Legras de St. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 22. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Belle Amour' 6. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Marie Pavic' 8. rambler 20. 'White Rose of York' 3. cl. 18. cl.

< previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. The notch of four square feet. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.B. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.A.annuum 'Floral Gem'.sativa 'Ruby'. annuum 'Red Boy'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. melongena 1. annuum 'Fips'. 28.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. graveolens var. oleracea 'Red Acre'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. leek 5. cherry tomato 34. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. C. 30. C. celery I 31.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. chive 42.A.B. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.C. C. oleracea 'Green Parade'.Solanum melongena var. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. 40. annuum 'Pinocchio'.C.A.B. annuum 'Black Prince'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. 39.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.B. schoenoprasum. celery Group. dulce 'Utah 5270'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. 24. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. 22.C. annuum 'Variegata'. 25. Boerner.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. shallot Lakes'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. red 38.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. 26.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.C. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.L.C. Capsicum annuum var.B. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.Cichorium intybus. Petroselinum crispum var.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.A. 45.B.B.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. lycopersicum var. 48. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. 29.A. curly eggplant parsley 23. dulce 47. pear Purple Vienna'. celery Bed 9. sprouts celery 8. Beauty'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. white-flowered kale 49.A. crispum 'Banquet'.B.B. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. annuum 'Nosegay'.esculentum 'Long Black'.C.B.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. melongena 2. scorodoprasum. C. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.A. dulce 50.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. C. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.S. cepa Proliferum Group. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. tuberosum. 32. garlic chive 44.A. red-flowered kale 6.S. oleracea 'Prima'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. annuum 'Golden Bell'. 27. graveolens 'French Dinant'.L. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. giant garlic var. red 37. C. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. annuum 'Mosaic'. eggplant 43. kohlrabi Rock'. C.Apium graveolens var.A. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. annuum 'Teno'.B. ruby swiss chard var. graveolens var. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. graveolens var.

and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. and golden thyme. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. for each is a complete entity. All of the circles. arcs. When viewed from the terrace above. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . winter savory. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

P. Assoc. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. peppermint 26. × nervosum 'Torento'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. P.P.Ilex glabra. P. golden 11.' lemon geranium 23. winter 13.P.. 12.P. 15. × domesticum 6.Myrica pensylvanica.P. lime geranium Rose'.P.P. 1. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . apple gray santolina geranium 3. oak-leaved geranium 16.P. apricot geranium28. rose geranium 27. rose-scented geranium 4. crispum. odoratissimum. 17.P.P.P. P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. Landscape Architect.P. radens 'Dr. Santolina chamaecyparissus. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.P. maple-leaved 18.P. lemon geranium 22.P.A. graveolens.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.× nervosum. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. Livingston'. 19. Teucrium chamaedrys. inkberry geranium 9. gooseberry geranium 24. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. Marshall. green 14. acerifolium. Santolina virens.Melissa R.L. The number in each planting area is the key number.P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P. Satureja montana. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. grossularioides.S. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. pungent-scented geranium 25. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 29. orange geranium 8. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. A. tomentosum. scabrum. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. crispum 'French Lace. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. germander crowfoot geranium 21.

especially when it is blooming.Lavandula angustifolia. Maintenance is high for a knot. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. For the knot to look its best at all times. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. Its interspaces can be mulched. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. closed knot design. English lavender 2. To ease the care for a more complicated design.Hyssopus officinalis. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. 1." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. blue hyssop 3. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. texture. which is framed with a brick edging. such as a dwarf edging box. filled with plants that have contrasting color. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. and growth to the plants of the knot design. or marble chips.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. . For ease of maintenance this same knot design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. on page 37.Santolina virens. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. sand. was planted using edging box only. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates.

Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 4. green santolina 2. gray santolina 3. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . 1.Santolina virens. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp.

A dwarf box ties it together at the center. Some maintenance is required for clipping. 'Munstead'.S. praecox subsp. In another departure from the usual.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white 7. creeping thymes. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. 1. 8.T. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. which is found more often out in the open. arcticus 'Albus'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.officinalis 'Tricolor'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. purple variegated 11. which are confined to that area. fig 4. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. herba-barona. variegated garden sage . Rosmarinus officinalis. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus praecox subsp. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. The knot material is maintained at six inches. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. lavender Japanese barberry 5. arcticus 'Coccineus'.T. the height of the edging. caraway thyme 9.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

gray santolina 2. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium canadense.Santolina chamaecyparissus. American germander 3. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. lavender . angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

germander . Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.

Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.

< previous page page_88 next page > . The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. which are also laid on edge. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. each one a quarter-circle.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. again laid on edge. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. pleasing color. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. adding another facet to an appealing design.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

French lavender 3.Marrubium incanum. gray santolina 2. 1. fern-leaf yarrow 27. dwarf 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Argenteus'. blue sage 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. samphire14. silver thyme 6. silver horehound 19. woolly yarrow 23. lavender 9.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Artemisia arborescens. silver sage 15. glaucum 11.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. angustifolia 'Rosea'. lavender 5.Salvia clevelandii. curry plant 7.Lavandula dentata var. 17.Artemisia frigida. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Helichrysum angustifolium.Anthemis marschalliana. tree artemisia 26.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Stachys byzantina. dwarf gray santolina 20. tree germander 22. rue 21.Anthemis tinctoria.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Teucrium fruticans. candicans.Allium senescens var. Russian sage 24. golden marguerite 25.Leontopodium alpinum. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Salvia argentea. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina neapolitana 10. 16. lavender 8. 18.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Crithmum maritimum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Dianthus × caryophyllus.

Styles of containers. As with other plant material. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. basil. If one is familiar with herbs. which include hanging baskets. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. The color of the container plays a lesser role. < previous page page_90 next page > . thyme. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. are without number. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. sweet marjoram. oregano. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. Some are rosemary. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. lady's-mantle. and the savories.

providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > .< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often.

visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. LandscapeArchitect. If children's interest is not sustained. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. < previous page page_95 next page > . Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Of course supervision is necessary. such an outlay would be unwarranted. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.L. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. However. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.S. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.A.

Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Instead of benches on the patio. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio." selected for their greater fragrance. Children in this age group can help with the construction. These are ''old roses. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Just keep a garden design for children simple. A sundial can be fun and also educational. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. < previous page page_96 next page > . too. they are easily handpicked. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area.

S. Landscape Architect.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L. . A.

19. pot marigold 8.Artemisia camphorata. lily leek 30. English lavender 4.Marrubium vulgare.Chenopodium botrys.Calendula officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. summer savory 22. catnip 27. garlic chive 29.Allium moly. Nigella damascena. ophioscorodon. ambrosia 2.Rosa gallica.Lavandula angustifolia.Salvia sclarea. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Dianthus plumarius. Levisticum officinale. garden sage 24.Allium sativum var.Anethum graveolens.Allium tuberosum.Artemisia abrotanum. Petroselinum crispum var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.rocambole 28. glaucum 31.Salvia officinalis. 20. southernwood 5. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var. 1. 13. Italian parsley 23. American 21. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Satureja hortensis. neapolitanum. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Origanum majorana. borage 15. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Nepeta cataria. damask rose 32.Rosa damascena. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. love-in-a-mist 14. crispum. Borago officinalis. clary 25. cottage pink 18. 16.Allium senescens var. English lavender 7.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. horehound 26. dill pennyroyal 11.Isatis tinctoria. lovage 12. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. alpine strawberry 3. dwarf 6.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tropaeolum minus.

The design is a medley of shapes and textures. previously used as a skating rink. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. are a seal and a turtle. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. < previous page page_98 next page > . All are inviting to the touch.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The sculptures. The oval. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. not noted on the plan. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds.

F. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.A.R.A. .

fat-hen Primula veris. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. chamomile Mentha. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. Nepeta cataria. Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys.Hedeoma pulegioides. Greek Stachys byzantina. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. cowslip Linaria. lousewort Viola canina. chive dandelion Allium sativum. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. bee orchid Erigeron. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. coltsfoot Mimulus. Trifolium pratense. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. bee balm Satureja montana. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Allium schoenoprasum. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. tansy Monarda didyma. English Tussilago farfara. winter savory Mentha. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. dog violet Lemna. mint Galium odoratum. duckweed Antennaria. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. borage Tanacetum vulgare. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . mint Tagetes. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. fleabane Stellaria. catnip Chamaemelum nobile.

A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. a mint. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. its wooden structure long gone. feverfew. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Instead. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. it is a most satisfying growing situation. < previous page page_101 next page > . minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. are superb for displaying potted herbs. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. A number of wooden window frames. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. an exceedingly long one. Here. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. and old barn beams another about the same height. for an old barn foundation of stone. Still. Its plant list. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Their height eases the task of weeding. developed particularly for study. in a climate like this it can be of critical import.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

66. crimson creeping thyme 96.Viola odorata.A.Physalis heterophylla.-John'swort 91.Hyssopus officinalis. white creeping thyme 97. rosemary 82. 50. lemon verbena 106. woolly thyme 101. golden lemon thyme 99. abrotanum.Marrubium vulgare. southernwood ground cherry 10. foxglove 2.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Calamintha grandiflora. wild lemon basil ginger 16. wormwood germander 9.Veronica serpyllifolia.Agastache foeniculum. basilicum 56. arcticus 'Albus'.Artemisia dracunculus var. rose costmary campion 23. sweet violet 40. bee balm57.T. 64. mosquito plant 19.Ranunculus ficaria.Althaea officinalis. basilicum 'Minimum'. camphorata. pink 58.T 'Argenteus'. rampion 81. officinalis 'Aurea'. 60.T.Stachys grandifora 93. richardii subsp.Genista tinctoria. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis. foxglove cypress spurge 21. angelica lemon geranium 5. winter savory 88. arcticus 'Coccineus'. pontica. golden variegated garden sage 86.Hypericum perforatum.O. skirret 90.Pulmonaria officinalis. celandine madder 79.O.Stachys officinalis.O.A.Sium sisarum.Valeriana officinalis. pot marigold 25. Grecian 59. graveolens. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 'Clear Gold'.Acinos alpinus.Calendula officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 95. sweet cicely 94. 43. 44.Nepeta mussinii. betony 92.Digitalis purpurea. purple basil English lavender 18.Pelargonium crispum. absinthium.Chrysanthemum balsamita. marsh mallow 13. apple wormwood geranium 8.Rubia tinctorum.Angelica archangelica.Poterium sanguisorba. 54.Satureja montana. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Digitalis lanata. odorous thyme 104. nitidus.O. praecox subsp.Myrrhis odorata. onites.Campanula persicifolia. rose sativa. garden sage 84. officinalis 'Tricolor'. majorana.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lesser 67.Melissa officinalis. southernwood houseleek 12. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Tanacetum vulgare var. variegated garden sage 87.Galium odoratum. creeping veronica . lemon thyme 100. tomentosum.Thymus praecox subsp. praecox subsp.M.P.Salvia officinalis. 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum.P.O.Campanula rapunculus. 62. alpine savory 89.S.Plantago major. sweet 41.Alchemilla vulgaris.Chelidonium majus.S. stellerana.Euphorbia cyparissias. herba-barona. golden thyme 98. 45. rue 83.T.A. pallasianus.Achillea millefolium. absinthe 51.Lavandula angustifolia. Roman 46.Geranium robertianum.Agastache cana.A.Echium vulgare. silver thyme 105. 55.Monarda didyma. balm horehound 14. bee balm lovage 20. × citriodorus. calamint valerian 24. crispum. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Ruta graveolens. purple variegated garden sage 85.Teucrium chamaedrys. French tarragon geranium 7. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.T.T.Asarum canadense. viper's 65. sweet celandine marjoram 28. beach 47. golden marjoram 26. St. didyma 'Rosea'. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.T. caraway thyme 103. yarrow herb Robert 4. thyme 102.Lychnis coronaria. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet 53.49. plantain 80. odoratissimum. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.A. camphor.Viola tricolor.P.Sempervivum tectorum.Aloysia triphylla. basil blue hyssop 15.T. 48. catmint 63.S. pot marjoram bugloss 27. 61. 42.A. lemon 52.T.

spicata.Sorbaria sorbifolia.cepa. tree onion 112.Oenothera biennis. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Chrysanthemum parthenium. × gentilis.M.Chrysanthemum 78. feverfew cinerariifolium.Origanum vulgare. pineapple mint 31. garlic 111. 71. Proliferum Group. red mint comfrey 33.Lysimachia vulgaris.Yucca filamentosa. cowslip 72. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Dianthus plumarius 75.Primula veris. chicory 70. ostrowskianum 34. yucca 109. blattaria. apple mint 69. pin cherry 39. veronica 108. chervil 68. dyer's woad 110.Origanum dictamnus. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Allium sativum. 73.M. citrata.Atriplex hortensis.V. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. evening 77.A.Isatis tinctoria.Chrysanthemum 74. oxeye daisy mullein 36. chamomile 30.Cichorium intybus.Myrtus communis. moth 113.Lilium candidum. 114. × piperita var. orach115.Veronica officinalis. curry plant mullein 35.Chamaemelum nobile. orange mint 32.A. 76.Symphytum officinale.Prunus pensylvanica.M.Verbascum thapsus. spearmint 107.Anthriscus cerefolium.Mentha suaveolens.29. wild 116.Laurus nobilis.Helichrysum angustifolium. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .

there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. < previous page page_104 next page > . a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. but not obvious. Francis. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. not just hiding it. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. of good proportion for the size of the opening. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. its outline constructed of brick. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. A statue of St. A wheelshaped bed.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. lion's-ear prismaticum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. Eleocharis dulcis. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. AREA VI japonica. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. poet's Solidago californica. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Eriobotrya japonica. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. potato Brassica eruca. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. labdanum Cistus crispus. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. menthifolia. Sidney Ephedra viridis. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. loquat Cichorium intybus. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. cat Watsonia rosea. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. Vetiveria zizanioides. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. Cestrum nocturnum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. white Justicia carnea.

another a Mary garden. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. an "old rose" and fragrant. and a third a culinary garden. The exterior brick path. is a center of interest. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. < previous page page_106 next page > . The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. or potpourri. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. but also for proper leaf size. to name a few.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. emphasizes the circle. scented-leaf geraniums. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. One is a garden of legends. not only for hardiness where needed. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Origanum majorana. Johnny-jump. blue 18.The number in each planting area is the key number. rue 28.Ruta graveolens. black 23. 1.Narcissus mustard 14. English ivy rosemary 8. Angelica archangelica.Mentha spicata.Allium schoenoprasum. English thyme 13. hyssop rose 9. flax 17.Lamium album.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.20. Anethum graveolens. sweet marjoram basil 12. pyrethrum 5. absinthe 4. sweet 21. Hyssopus officinalis.Brassica nigra.Salvia officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. dill 11.Rosmarinus officinalis. costmary 6. pot 26. angelica 2. white dead 24. Linum usitatissimum.Crocus sativus.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Viola tricolor. saffron crocus marigold 7. lady's. Artemisia absinthium.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive bedstraw 16.19.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Ocimum basilicum. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Galium verum. spearmint 22. yellow 25.Alchemilla vulgaris. 27. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Hedera helix. garden up sage 10. chamomile 3.Calendula officinalis.

Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. < previous page page_108 next page > . No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path.

pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. fastigiata. spearmint Mentha × piperita. peppermint Laurus nobilis. blue Lamium maculatum. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. Cotinus coggygria. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. Russian 'Prostratus'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. clove Marrubium vulgare. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Artemisia absinthium. rue Malva alcea var. lemon balm Mentha spicata. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. beach Monarda didyma. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. perennial flax Galium odoratum. sweet Myrtus communis. Myrrhis odorata. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens.

too. < previous page page_110 next page > . This is a general rule observed. and huge. millstones. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. features a closed knot of superior design. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. The generous use of edgings. Appropriately used as accents. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. simply on a smaller scale. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. Viewed from the terrace garden. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens.

Hyssopus officinalis. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. green santolina 6. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Routine clipping is required. of greater size than is commonly found. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The number in each planting area is the key number. Design plan of herb garden 1. that of good proportion.S.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 'Tiny Rubies'. gray santolina 7.Teucrium chamaedrys. has its size dictated by a rule of design. germander 2.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. dwarf box .< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. Landscape Architect. six feet in diameter. angustifolia 'Munstead'.L. cheddar pink 4.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.A. blue hyssop 3.Santolina virens. lavender 5. and the mulch. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. A.

honey locust Cornus florida. beach plum Corylus avellana. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. shadbush Salix caprea. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. japonica. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. box Myrica pensylvanica. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. quince Magnolia virginiana. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > .Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. black haw Prunus americana. plum Prunus maritima. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. box Calycanthus fioridus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. goat willow Sassafras albidum. dogwood Pinus nigra.

Salvia. As a rule. 'Annie Hall' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. Rosmarinus. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. herba-barona.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. praecox subsp. its plant material varied. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. doerfleri T. arcticus T. Lavandula. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Argenteus'. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. arcticus 'Rosea' T. caraway thyme T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. However. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. praecox subsp. and a miscellany of others. leucotrichus T. silver thyme T. Currently. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Doone Valley' .

angustissimus. purple variegated garden sage S. greggii. crimson creeping thyme T. golden variegated sage S. involucrata. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Prostratus'. dentata. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. officinalis 'Aurea'. heterophylla. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. praecox subsp. woolly thyme T. sweet lavender L. angustifolia subsp. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. blue sage S. 'Clear Gold'. praecox subsp. autumn sage S. English lavender L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. pine-scented rosemary R. ramie . angustifolia subsp. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. golden thyme T. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R.T. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. guaranitica. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Mexican bush sage S. leucantha. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia. golden rosemary R. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. anise sage S.

Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Sium sisarum. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. family needsmedicinal. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Hesperis matronalis. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. to sweeten the air. to lure bees. Physostegia virginiana. used in salads or boiled. L. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. balmony. Smith. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. culinary. for scrubbing pots. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Herniaria glabra. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. obedient plant. Cheloneglabra. constructed of brick made on the property. rupturewort. Primarily. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The house. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Circumstances determined these priorities. The apple trees. a well beside the house. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Prunella vulgaris. horsetail. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. selected for their authenticity in this restoration.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. which were located between the water supply. Equisetum arvense.

the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. for a few are in use now. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. too. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Today. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. too. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. while functional. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. < previous page page_116 next page > . and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

yellow 12.Wisteria frutescens. Banksia rose 14.Punica granatum.Sambucus canadensis. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. southern laciniata.Malus angustifolia. bay 7. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . rosemary 2.Syringa × persica var.Laurus nobilis. 16.Lonicera sempervirens.Rosmarinus officinalis. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Cape jasmine 10.Allium sativum.Prunus angustifolia. garlic 9. 15. Gardenia jasminoides. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Lonicera flava. pomegranate 3.Ficus carica. wisteria 13.Rosa banksiae. fig 6. 1.Pinus taeda.Lagerstroemia indica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. trumpet 11.

At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Italy. too. Appropriately. < previous page page_118 next page > . Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The effect would be quite different without them. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

38. saffron crocus 25. bee balm 28.Rosa laevigata. yellow-root 7. 1. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Rubus allegheniensis. 61.Hyssopus officinalis. myrtle 53. 54.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Asarum virginicum. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. horsemint lobelia 23. box chamomile 9. spearmint 62. peppermint 52. sweet flag marigold 24.Agrimonia eupatoria. 37.Mentha spicata. mullein 49. peony 51.Populus balsamifera. American holly 16.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha pulegium.Cimicifuga racemosa.Artemisia abrotanum. pot 48.Allium schoenoprasum.Galium odoratum.Mentha × piperita.Asclepias tuberosa.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Monarda punctata. butterfly 32.Ruta graveolens. balm autumn crocus 2.Paeonia officinalis.Vinca minor.Pinckneya pubens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Buxus sempervirens.Chimaphila umbellata.Nepeta cataria. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Lobelia siphilitica. foxglove 41. fennel 40. borage 31.Verbascum thapsus. 50. 43. 45. 66.Lavandula angustifolia. blue 44. basil chive 3.57.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Digitalis purpurea.Salvia officinalis.Armoracia rusticana. sweet 27. great 47. blue 46. sativa. dogwood horehound 18.Symphytum officinale.Cassia marilandica. 30.Lonicera sempervirens. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Monarda didyma.Ilex vomitoria. 63. sweet shrub 10.Lindera benzoin. yarrow lungwort 22.Calycanthus fioridus.Colchicum autumnale. garden sage 59. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Achillea millefolium.Melissa officinalis. rue 56.Cornus florida.Calendula officinalis. 42. tansy 65.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Ilex opaca. St. 70. lemon 26. gray santolina witch hazel 11. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. senna woodruff 15. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Lilium candidum.Hypericum perforatum. catnip 34.Hamamelis virginiana. sweet 64.Borago officinalis. clove 36. hyssop sassafras 20.Laurus nobilis. lovage 35.Chamaemelum nobile.Anethum graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. 68.Gaultheria procumbens.Elizabeth Lawrence. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Dianthus caryophyllus.Levisticum officinale. 33.Pulmonaria officinalis.Acorus calamus. black 29.Dipsacus sativus. bay lavender wintergreen 21. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 55. fuller's teasel 67.Teucrium chamaedrys.Tanacetum vulgare. 60.Crocus sativus. agrimony 58.Punica granatum.Sassafras albidum. dill 39. wild ginger69.

Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. < previous page page_120 next page > . In any event. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. of herbs per pound for meat loaf.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. preventives. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. and fragrances they developed. of herbs for one loaf of bread. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. This is true for the remedies. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. 1 T. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping.

Mentha × piperita.Salvia officinalis. pot marigold 2. peppermint 18. quince 24.Nepeta cataria.Artemisia absinthium.Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 21.Marrubium vulgare. spearmint 17.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. catnip 16. black haw 23.Viburnum prunifolium.Tanacetum vulgare. apothecary's rose 22. English 10.Cydonia oblonga. horsemint 20. foxglove 12. winter savory 4.Levisticum officinale. sweet basil 13. 14.Mentha spicata.Origanum majorana.Monarda punctata. sweet marjoram 6. caraway 19. tansy 11.Satureja montana.Pyrus communis. English thyme rosemary 7.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis. 1.Digitalis purpurea. absinthe 9. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Ocimum basilicum. horehound 15. Calendula officinalis. lavender lovage 3. garden sage 8.Papaver somniferum. opium poppy 5.Carum carvi.

often it is reconstructed. and if the best has not always survived. Shaded by hop vines. from early Moravian settlements. makes it something of a focal point. to study it. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. The main paths of brick unify the garden. the other 1761. Some could be used singly.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. centrally located. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. for example the large square bed with circular path. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. one dated 1759. Thus it was for this garden. and bricks raise the beds. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. Allowed such freedom of expression. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. < previous page page_122 next page > . for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The beds are used to achieve balance. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage.

L. A. .A.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.S. Landscape Architect. Campbell.

rue 14.Papaver rhoeas.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 74.Petroselinum crispum. basil moss rose 44. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. fennel marjoram 28.Nepeta cataria. grape larkspur 41. red pepper 20. sweet 71. 54. blessed thistle 8. spearmint 57. columbine 29.Origanum majorana. damask coriander rose 19. black cumin 46.Narcissus poeticus.Artemisia abrotanum.Mentha × piperita. yarrow 4.Rosa eglanteria.Bellis perennis. orach 76. horehound 56. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Colchicum autumnale. blue 69.77. French rose 18. elecampane 11. feverfew southern magnolia 27. cabbage angustifolia. blue 63.Rubia tinctorum. rhubarb 10. catnip 70. polyanthus narcissus 60.Armoracia rusticana.The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum.Symphytum officinale.Cnicus benedictus.Hyssopus officinalis.Consolida ambigua.Narcissus tazetta.Coriandrum sativum.Allium sativum.Humulus lupulus. holy thistle 58. chamomile 17. 48. 66.Rosa roxburghii.Alcea rosea. English thyme 2.Silybum marianum.Anethum graveolens. asparagus 31. balm chive 37. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . saffron peppermint crocus 35. hop southernwood 39.Clematis virginiana. hyssop maypop 42.Cercis canadensis.Chamaemelum nobile. comfrey 33.Ruta graveolens.Stachys officinalis. betony 82.Rosa moschata. rosemary49.Amaranthus caudatus.Rheum rhabarbarum. 1. poet's narcissus 61.Ficus.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. madder 16. tansy 6. lemon 64.Salvia sclarea.Gelsemium sempervirens.Pulmonaria officinalis. 80. caraway 72. garden nasturtium 12. garden sage 15. English 78. cockscomb 47.Magnolia grandiflora. 81.Nigella sativa. lovage 9. eglantine Group. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. lavender rose 21.Rosa gallica. clary 30.Lagerstroemia indica. 52.Carum carvi.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Rosa damascena. sorrel 65.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. chestnut rose 43. autumn crocus 34.Tropaeolum majus.Achillea millefolium. 68.Atriplex hortensis.Artemisia absinthium. stock 50.Crocus sativus.Marrubium vulgare.Cornusflorida. love.Mentha spicata.Borago officinalis. mugwort67. redbud 24.Asparagus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Inula helenium.Levisticum officinale.Scabiosa atropurpurea. garlic lungwort 36.Salvia officinalis.Tropaeolum minus. annual clary 3.Matthiola incana.Artemisia vulgaris. daisy crape myrtle 23. virgin's bower 40.Rosa centifolia.Passiflora incarnata. corn poppy 79. absinthe 45.Aquilegia vulgaris.Rosmarinus officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Saponaria officinalis. dill 73. Madonna lily 59.Hydrangea quercifolia.Foeniculum vulgare. clove 53.Celosia cristata. Carolina jessamine 38.Rumex acetosa. 62. borage 5.Chrysanthemum parthenium. sweet 55. parsley 32.Tanacetum vulgare.Althaea officinalis. dwarf nasturtium 13.Melissa officinalis.Salvia viridis.Vitis. marsh mallow 7.Lilium candidum. hollyhock 51.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. This space was never adequate. it is proper to make a trial run. Calluna (heather). This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . and the north point is established. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. First. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. A ravine and existing. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. the western. Thus. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. far from the house. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Usually this is least desirable. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. Although some observations may seem obvious. even boggy. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. The lesser the scale. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The next most desirable exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation.

single bed. and the search did not take long. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Indeed. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The new herb garden has been located. Then. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. It was a pleasurable assignment. There is the housegarage structure on one side. another is close to the rear of the house. 77 provided the needed inspiration. as the drawing on p. 127 indicates. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. and the property line on the last. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. certainly not precisely the same. The outline is fixed. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The general outline is similar. a driveway on still another. < previous page page_126 next page > . all four sides are so determined. but it need not be identical.ground where drainage is better. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. Culinary herbs will fill a large. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden.

a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. forming the outer boundary of the service path. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. In addition. as in this case. then north. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. Two drawings were required to work out problems. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. If all is well. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. something is amiss.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. If. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. There was no . this low wall will enclose the garden area. In fact. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. With the plan established. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and the finished edging would be effective. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In this case. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. However. In the earlier stage of planning. At corners. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. A structural edging was in order.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. the site required some leveling. Before edgings could be put in place. however. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. this was. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. the eight-foot length was more practical. . at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. a lapped joint was fashioned. In this area. admittedly. However. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. eight. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. not one completed in a weekend. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. The pattern is running bond. A choice of five colors was available. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. filling the beds with soil was next. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. Heavy black plastic.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. could serve this purpose. The latter need to be more substantially paved. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. One is the ramp to the driveway. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. This method of treatment now guarantees . selected for its simplicity. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. for they will likely have more traffic. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. sand. this same base underlies all the paths. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Aged compost. had been proof of that. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Paving for the terraced area is brick. but there are exits to different levels. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Weeds. leaves. Unfortunately. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel.

A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. worth the added cost. on a trial run of one course of brick.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. even bed for the pavers. However. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers.

French drains. and the steps to other levels. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. In this instance.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. the terraced area. . learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. Sometimes called "rubble drains. converging where it was logical to do so. for it would interfere with the drainage system. Herbs have flourished in the beds. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds." their construction can be somewhat varied. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. With the completion of the paths.

< previous page page_130 next page > .

AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. is symmetrical. in tenths of an inch.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. E EllipseAn oval. and so on. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. a garden plan. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. and so on. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. casts the shadow for the hour. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. in inches. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. for example. Its arrow points north and. having a variety of gradations. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. sixteenths of an inch. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. albula. often a wall or trellis. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. not necessarily referable to botanical species. for example. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. twelfths of an inch. hundredths of an inch. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet.

P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. ForthrightA straight course or path. turf. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. M ManufactoryA factory.3. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Pea gravelSmall. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. a patterned garden. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. its compartments filled with flowers. loose. GrindstoneMillstone. a flat. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. rounded fragments of rock. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. roofed structure usually open on the sides. Usually a few inches thick. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. heated especially by fermenting manure. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. G GazeboA freestanding. also called rubble drain. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. sometimes covered with earth or more stones.brick) in the same course. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross .3). its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. or colored earths.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters.

Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. walls. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. V VarietyA category below species. not treelike or with a single trunk.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. snug fit for walks. R Rose. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Stone. < previous page page_132 next page > . often planted with aromatic herbs. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. ranking between species and variety. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. TreillageLatticework for vines. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. called also a hose cock. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. W Wall. cutting. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. or steps.

Alice Morse. 1972. Complements. Liberty Hyde. John E. Foley. Berrall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mo. The Cultivated Basils. New York: Macmillan. Sydney: B. . Greenwood. Daniel J. Brookes. Gertrude B. Herbals. 1902. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. P. Roses. Harriet Ballard. Park Seed Co. Julia S. Hanging Plants for Home. London: Saturn Press. H. . 1977. London: Country Life. Book of the Geranium. New York: Macmillan. Batsford. 1942. Helen H. Garden Design..: Buckeye Printing Co. Garden City: Doubleday. Doran & Co.. 1980.. New York. London. 1966. 1962. The Garden (An Illustrated History). British Plants. 1951. New York: Crown Publishers. John Philip. Sylvia. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Herbsfor Every Garden. 1982. ed. How Plants Get Their Names. New York: Dover. London: Macmillan. Darrah. Erichsen-Brown. 1933. 1938. Independence. 1970. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Carpenter. Flannery.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. London: Marshall Cavendish. Foster. Crowe. New York: Hawthorne Books. 1973. L. Charlotte. 1979. 1911. T. Rosetta E. Henry. 1951. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Gertrude B. Park's Success with Herbs. Rosemary F. Aurora. 1976. Kent: The Herb Farm.. Brownlow. 1957. 1958. New York: Simon and Schuster. Room Outside. The Small Garden. John.: Geo. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. The Herb Garden. Sevenoaks. Terrace. Bailey Hortorium. Dutton & Co. New York: Macmillan. Baumgardt. 1971. Putnam's Sons.. Beston. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1972. and Garden. Edlin. 1935. Toronto. Staff of. Cross. Earle. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Peter. Bailey. Green Enchantment. Jot. New York: Viking Press. H. . 14701670. Agnes. New York: E. 1966. 1980. W. S. New York: G. Seal. Fox. Frances A. Behme.C. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. P. Helen Morgenthau. Robert Lee. Clarkson. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Herbs and the Earth. 1963. Margaret E. New York: Macmillan. 1961. Coats. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Prof. New York: Viking Press. Bardswell. 1971. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Foster. and Louden. 1944. Hortus Third. and Accessories. L. London: Adam and Charles Black. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses.

1971. Waltham. Grow and Enjoy. Geraniums for Home and Garden. 1974. Mary U. Moldenke.) Rohde. 1979. Miller. Ireys. New York: De La Mare. and Synge. New York: Dover. Lawrence. Gardens in Winter.. Franco. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1971. Claire. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. The Berry Book. Philippa. N. 1966. Hendrickson. Howard. 1972. Dorothy Bovee.. Krauss. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. New York: Clarkson N. 1970. Rosengarten. New York: Macmillan. M. Pa. The Book of Spices.: Livingston Pub. Amy Bess. and Rice. The Art of Dyeing. New York: Crown Publishers. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. (1st American edition trans. Helen K. and Back. and Brunello. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Lerner. Muenscher. Jones. Plants of the Bible. ed..Garland.. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Alma. 1959. Loyal R. Cherokee Plants. Simmons. Leighton. Herbs. Lawrence. Robert. 1952. Pozza. chemist. Lesch. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Kiaer.. Walter. Books. Boston. Division Billboard Publications.: Herald Publishing Co.. Eigel. Roses of the World in Color. Frederic. George H. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Co. Alice Recknagel. Modern Herbal. New York: Dover. Sylva. 1981. London: Faber and Faber. Edited by Clarence Elliott.: Chronica Botanica Co. 1975. Toronto: Little. A Garden of Herbs. The Herb Garden. Rev. 2d ed. Boston.. C. Brown & Co. New York: E. Johnson. Hamel. 1969. Italy. Horace. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants.. 1974. Flowers of the Field. 1961.. Loewenfeld. Wynnewood. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Frances. Early American Gardens. New York: Van Nostrand. Lathrop. Tucson: H. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Elizabeth. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Potter. 1982. New York: Macmillan. London: George Routledge & Sons. McFarland. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. P. and Alma L. 1978.. New York: William Morrow and Co. Carol. J. How to Select.C. 1981. Vegetable Dyeing. 1983. New York: Doubleday. Mrs. Loewenfeld. 1976. Paul B.. Eleanour Sinclair. Shaker Herbs.. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1970. Patrick M. Vicenza. New York: William Morrow & Co. 1946. Ann. Sarah. Adelma G. 1951. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. New York: Macmillan. 1976. A Biblical Garden. < previous page page_133 next page > . Johns. Norma Jean. Jr. M. 1975. Dutton & Co. Roy. Claire. Grieve. Myron. 1938. 1973. Hay. . Bernard Hickey. New York: Viking Press. 1964. Harold N. Landscaping with Vines. P. 1911. New York: Harper & Bros. 1969. Neri. A. Mass. and Chiltoskey.

A. Campbell.A.. L. Leonie.D. Robert K. .. 1953. Building Stone Walls. L. Charles Patch.A. New York: Dover. Bynam. 1957. Paxton. Mrs. H. New York. Jack Emil Geist. Z. New ed. Rev. 1979.: Garden Way.A. 1972. Benjamin McF.. Ingersoll. Nelva M. Mrs. Vivian. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. London: Phoenix House. Christopher. 1982. New York: Simon & Schuster..A. Price. Berkeley Brandt. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them.. Jr. W. Mrs. Mrs. A.. Onward and Upward in the Garden. L. John Poinier. New York. Boerner. 1942.. Climbing Roses Old and New. Mrs.A. A. L. Martin's Press. Rhoda Specht. L. 1976. Robert G. Martha Dahlen. Weber. Landscape Architecture. Straus. New York: William Farquhar Payson. L. 1965. T. New York: Simon & Schuster. Bleecker. Lamm. Herbs in the Garden. Mrs. Stearn. Diane C. Shrub Roses of Today. Gannaway. Mrs. Keebler. New York: McGraw-Hill. Mrs.A. Mr.. Martin's. George. Sherry D. Helen Noyes. 1972. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Vera Breed.. Graham. Fragrance in the Garden. Donald Paxton. Toronto: Van Nostrand. John. Wilder. Zohary. Marion E.. Mrs.. Michael. Mrs. 1974.. Herbert G. 1972.. The Shakespeare Garden. New York: St. The History of Gardens. Giroux..L. L. ed. Plimpton. McGarry. Marshall. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. 1979. Graham Stuart. Malcolm. Katherine S. . W T. William C. 1962. William T..S. Peter M. 1931. Griffin.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Indianapolis. C. . Mrs. Taylor. Thomas. Mrs. Mrs.. Linda. Hale & Co.S..A.The Old Shrub Roses. Tarantino. The Fragrant Garden. Philip Batchelder. Louise Beebe. New York: Doubleday. Cozart. William T. Charlotte. A.A. James D. Elizabeth Lawrence. Madalene Hill. L.A. Leonard Dreyfuss. Bradner. Wilson. L. Meyer. 1976. The Fragrant Year. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Susan W. A. L. Elisabeth W. Webster. Norman. George T. Mrs. Vt. F. Morss. Jo Lohmolder. Winthrop G. William W... New York: Hafner. Pees. Jr.S. Austin R. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Melissa R. 1979. London: Phoenix House. Smith. Barbara Capen. Thacker.A.A. James C.. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Bush. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Baker. L. and Bell. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs. Revised by Dr.. Taloumis. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 1961. Margaret Osborn Holt. Neil Hamill Park. Charles L. Plants of the Bible. Frank M. Stuart. L. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. Singleton. Henry Gund. New York: St. ed. L. Martin. Alfred L.L. Maxton Davies. Raymond V. Boston: Ralph T. Botanical Latin. 1953. William Y Dear. Stearn.. 1967. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Bates. Mrs.A. Jr. A. Amy Bess Miller. Hammond Crawford. Container Gardening Outdoors. 1975. and Mrs. Mrs. Moffit. White. Yang. New York: Farrar. Mrs.A. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Associate. Mrs. Esther.L. Virginia B. Mrs. Hines. Mrs. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1966. Mrs. John Ormsbee. Mrs.R. William Radler. L. . New York: William Morrow & Co.A. Mrs.A. and Robert B. Sandy Hicks.A. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.A.

Helen M. Jean Ruh. Wisc. L. Milton Stricker. L. Atlanta Historical Society.C. Hales Corners. Roberts. Architect. Elbert Smith. John A. Edmund G. Little Rock. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Mrs. Cleveland... and Mrs. L. James S. G. Derthick. Plain Dealer Photo... Milton C. Joan E. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Lansing. Mrs. < previous page page_134 next page > .. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Booker Worthen.. Mrs. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Weeks Brick House.. N. Harper. N. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Ohio.A. Inc. The Country Doctor Museum. Eloise andJo Ray. Ohio. Ga.. Mr. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Whitman. Frederick E. Mansfield. The following provided historical..Rady. L. Hancock Shaker Village. Mich. Smith (Ann Leighton). Isadore L. Christopher Rady.. Ann Arbor. Eric Duke Scott. Wilcox. Western Reserve Herb Society. James F. Gayle. Inc. Semple. Christopher Spencer. Walter Rebmann. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Talbot III. Michigan State University.. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Rose. Mass. R. Lawrence Schetky. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Skinner. Matthew Miksch House. Old Slater Mill Museum.. Mrs.A.I. Pawtucket. Mrs. Shaker Community. civic. L. Greenland. Mrs. Linda Yang.H. Nathan Sameth. Bailey. Faith H. Winston-Salem. Mrs.A. N. University of Michigan. Timothy Procter Ruh. Mrs. Kingwood Center. Boerner Botanical Gardens.. Linda Yang. Hancock. Tullie Smith House Restoration.. Mrs. Ark. Swanson.A. Old Salem. Joe H. Mich.C.. Atlanta.

barbadensis A. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Myrrhis odorata. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. E. azoricum. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. officinalis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Narcissus triandrus. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Y smalliana Agrimonia. C. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. maritima L. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. A. A. A.

foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. P. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. laevis Rhododendron . G. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. Lamium album Viburnum. ludoviciana var. Solanum aculeatissimum S. P. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. false Galium aristatum. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. Monarda didyma Crataegus. M. officinalis. officinalis Populus. F. lycopersicum. melongena var. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. podagraria Asparagus A. grandiflorus Melissa M. albula A. V. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. acerifolium. S. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. oleracea. coronaria . vulgaris A. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. alpina 'Alba' A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. chrysantha Symphytum S. B. angustifolia. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Mertensia virginica. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. P. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. M.

B. pseudonarcissus miniature N. maculatum G. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. angustifolia. ioensis Vaccinium. M.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. alpinum R. V. coronaria. B. macrocarpon. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. V. Italian D Daffodil M. alpinum R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . sativum R. M. verna. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. C. N.

coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Sansevieria. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. obtusifolius Rumex R. R. triphyllum . R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. crispus. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. A. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. D. x superbum Hemerocallis. Ferocactus latispinus. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Chrysanthemum frutescens. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. H.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. A. obtusifolius R. lilioasphodelus. frutescens C. T officinale Bellis. rivieri. lilioasphodelus H. C. acetosa. Hosta H. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C.

Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. ragusina. arvensis. pungens Sambucus S. azoricum Nigella. N. Helichrysum. C. C. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. damascena. Gnaphalium. Lychnis coronaria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. S. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . gymnocarpa. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Antennaria. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Senecio cineraria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. N. Centaurea cineraria.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. usitatissimum L. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. P. versicolor. I. I. carica Corylus C. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. O. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. A.× germanica I. Osmunda. carica F. perenne . L. regalis Adiantum.

× hortorum P. sphaerocephalum A. sativum var. Pelargonium.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. × limoneum P. scorodoprasum A. Fumaria C. grossularioides P radens P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × germanica Myosotis M. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. sylvatica Digitalis D. lanata D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lutea Allium sativum A. purpurea D. tuberosum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . P. I. neapolitanum A. odoratissimum P. quercifolium P.

abrotanifolium P. P. Z. pratensis . canadense. capitatum P. × nervosum P. tomentosum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. A. T. T. crispum P. graveolens P. tomentosum P. × jatrophifolium P. canadense T. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. Tragopogon. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. glutinosum. officinale Z. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. A. quercifolium P. denticulatum P. × citrosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. chamaedrys T.

dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. V.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Oxalis deppei. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. torquata E. C. Vitis monticola. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. nervosa V. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. M. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus .

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

majalis Liriope. W. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. triacanthos G. Ophiopogon L. Sempervivum Lobelia L. C. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lythrum. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Pulmonaria . G.

erecta T. erecta T. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. pedatum Hibiscus. grandiflora M. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. patula Calendula officinalis T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. M. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. tenuifolia T. M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. erecta T. alcea var. A. lucida . sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. Malva. C. Malva.blue M Mace.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

× piperita var. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. R. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. dictamnus O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Spiraea alba. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. odorata Achillea millefolium. A. citrata M. Astrantia.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata M. piperita var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. × piperita var. requienii M. vulgare 'Aureum' O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. majorana O. aquatica var. majorana O. vulgare O. citrata M. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. vulgare O. crispii M. major. O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . onites O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. suaveolens M. S. citrata.

Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . thapsus V. communis. Umbellularia californica. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Azolla caroliniana. M. vulgaris A. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. V. lactiflora Morus M. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Myrtus. × gentilis M. Myrrhis odorata. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. V.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. alba Verbascum. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. rubra M. olympicum. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. A. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia.

album L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. minus T. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. poeticus N. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. tazetta Tropaeolum T. V. P. nudum. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. L. V. majus T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia.

Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fistulosum Atriplex. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. fistulosum A. O. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. S. cepa. A. C. A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. Proliferum Group A. Scilla verna. vulgare var. Castilleja californica. fragrans Allium. cepa. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. fragrans O. I. hortensis A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. florentina. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa A. telephium Iris × germanica var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O.

Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. pulsatilla Passiflora P. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca. A. patens. lactiflora P lactiflora P. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. crispum var. crispum P. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P.

retroflexus. P frutescens Catharanthus. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. C. frutescens C. paniculata P. annuum. Longum Group Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . Longum Group C. A. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Chenopodium. C. C. C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. Grossum Group C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. Piper C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. C. C. annuum. annuum. roseus C. Conoides Group red Capsicum.

M.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. nigra P strobus P taeda P. angustifolia var. plumarius. C. P salicina P angustifolia. umbellata var. officinalis Dianthus D. × paradisiaca. Prunus japonica. umbellata var. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. plumarius D. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Plantago P. Silene laciniata. taeda Chimaphila. taeda P. alpinus D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. americana . C. gratianopolitanus D. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. caryophyllus D. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. P. watsonii P maritima P.

somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. S. rhoeas P. P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. E. biennis P. 0.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. L. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. balsamifera P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. Liriodendron tulipifera P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. vulgare Lithospermum.

rhabarbarum R. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. coccineum C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. P. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo Portulaca. canadensis C. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. sativum var. Hesperis . R. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. pepo C. A. Diplotaxis.

R. sativa Rosa R. × borboniana R. canina. gallica R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. × borboniana R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana Kerria. damascena 'Bifera' R. spinosissima R. canina R. Rosa chinensis R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. moschata . centifolia R. damascena R. × harisonii R. banksiae R. chinensis 'Minima' R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rubus coronarius R. laevigata R. gallica 'Officinalis' R.

officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis S. clevelandii S. pitcheri S. × rehderana R. guaranitica S. setigera R. angustissimus R. R. greggii S. Rosmarinus. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. S. microphylla S. sclarea S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Salvia hierosolymitana . azurea subsp. rugosa R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. caerula. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis Limonium R.

atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. neapolitana S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. C. leucophylla S. marilandica Amelanchier . virens. guaranitica S. Salicornia. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. elegans S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. leucantha S. chamaecyparissus S. A. maritimum E. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. montana Scabiosa S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. hebecarpa. T. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. S. S. P. chamaecyparissus S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. viridis S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

P. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. americana. V. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. C. biflorum . Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria Cotinus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. G. coggygria. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria C. C. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. nivalis Lamium album. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus.

Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. officinalis thyme-leaved V. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. O. O. H. Ornithogalum arabicum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. L. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. scutatus R. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. E. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. acetosa. S. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . japonica Sorbaria. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. pyrenaicum. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. H. R. V. patulum. crassipes O.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus.

crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. dracunculus var. T vulgare T. O. O. perennis. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vesca F. vulgare var. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. crispum T. vulgare var. incana M. floridus Philadelphus . vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. incana M. C. M. vesca F. chiloensis F.

praecox T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . arcticus T. 'Argenteus' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. maritima Thymus. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. A. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. E.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. 'Broad-leaf English' T. pallasianus T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. C. T. phaenopyrum C. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. 'Clear Gold' T. laevigata Eupatorium. marianum S. Silybum marianum S. sylvestris D. benedictus. × citriodorus T. marianum S.

L. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. C. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. sanctum O. lycopersicum L. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. noli-tangere. P.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Coreopsis Linaria. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. lycopersicum var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. sanctum Tulipa T. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. alata Lycopersicon. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . lycopersicum var. Physalis peruviana L. I. P. cerasiforme. pruinosa. praecox subsp. peruviana P. radicans Bignonia capreolata. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi.

cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. odorata V. officinalis Polemonium. cornuta 'Alba' V. V. P. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. odorata V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. caprea . odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. canina.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. caeruleum Clematis. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. cornuta V. Chimaphila. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. longifolia Chamaelaucium. C. V riviniana Viola odorata V. C. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A.

ambrosioides Artemisia. Stachys . annua A. Vanilla barbellata A. I. W. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. absinthium A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. gmelinii A. S. camphorata A. Gaultheria procumbens. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. verticillata Chimaphila. nudum Isatis I. pontica. Corydalis sempervirens A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. frigida A. caprea. V.

vomitoria I. C. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. × media 'Hicksii' T. taygetea A. filipendulina A. millefolium A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . simplicissima Cladrastis. lutea. X. I.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. ageratum A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' T.

pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. yarrow sneezeweed. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. maidenhair American maidenhair. thousand-seal. lion's tail anise hyssop. fourcroydes sweet flag. calamus maidenhair fern. sanguinary. Indian mallow China jute. fennel g. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. millefolium A. butter-print. nose-bleed. taygetea A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . fragrant g.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A.. breviflora A. maidenhair fern. foeniculum Agave A. alpinus Aconitum A. h. Indian mallow. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. pedatum Agastache A. theophrasti Acacia A.. five-finger f.. cana A. h. ageratum A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. parlor m. napellus Acorus A. calamus Adiantum A. monkshood flowering maple. longifolia Achillea A. blue giant hyssop. monkshood helmut flower.

sisal hemp. githago Ajuga A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. Japanese bunching o. serpent garlic chive. lily leek daffodil garlic. rosea Alchemilla A. hemp plant agrimony. neapolitanum A.. fistulosum A. reptans Alcea A. moly A. cive. sativum A. schnittlauch giant garlic .. schoenoprasum A. ciboule. scorodoprasum A. vulgaris Allium A. alpina A. Spanish o. two-bladed o. tree o. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. giganteum A. senescens var. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. flowering o. sativum var. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. Rosenbachianum A. ophioscorodon A. purple c.. garlic rocambole. karataviense A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. ostrowskianum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle.. cocklebur. flavum A. christophii A. sisalana Agrimonia A.A. Pulchellum A.

archangel. juneberry. Barbados a. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. marschalliana A. bugloss alkanet. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. cerefolium chervil angelica. canadensis Amsonia A. pulsatilla Anethum A.glaucum A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. barbadensis Aloysia A. shad. tinctoria Anthriscus A. bugloss windflower. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. sphaerocephalum A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. shadbush. hupehensis var. blanda A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. white m.. medicinal a. officinarum Anchusa A. garlic c. officinalis Amaranthus A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. triphylla Althaea A. caudatus Amelanchier A.. tuberosum Aloe A. officinalis Anemone A. japonica A. Oriental garlic .. Curasao a.

Apium A. alpina 'Alba' A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens A. graveolens var. chrysantha A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.

europaeum A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. mealberry. albula A. old man southernwood absinthe. sea pink thrift.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. bear's grape. dracontium A. mugwort. maritima Armoracia A. kinnikinick. sativa A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. hog cranberry. pink or white horseradish. red cole sagebrush. gmelinii A. lactiflora A. stewardsonii Armeria A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. Ludoviciana var. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . frigida A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. annua A. camphorata A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. wormwood southernwood. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. triphyllum subsp. triphyllum A. asarabacca wild ginger. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. pontica A. canadense A. arborescens A. creashak green-dragon. dracunculus var. rusticana Artemisia A. sandberry. virginicum bearberry. mountain box.

garden o. jaundice berry. hortensis B Baptista B. plains f. s. i.Asclepias A. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. vulgaris Bellis B. tuberroot.. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. mountain spinach false indigo. piprage beet swiss chard. ruby s. vulgaris. rocket. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. tinctoria Barbarea B.. c. vulgaris Beta milkweed. wild indigo. c. B. yellow r. saltbush orach. Chinese silk plant. China grass borage borage. c. ruby s. silkweed. c. pleurisy root. orach sea orach. rattleweed winter cress. mustard . cool-tankard cole. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. wild blue i. nivea Borago B. officinalis Astrantia A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. butterfly flower butterfly weed. wild indigo blue false indigo. halimus A. australis B. papyrifera Boehmeria B. s. talewort. major Atriplex A. perennis Berberis B. tuberosa Asparagus A. upland cress winter cress.

cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. eruca B.. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . floridus Campanula C. officinalis Calycanthus C. grandiflora Calendula C.. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. white-flowered k. koreana B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. microphylla 'Nana' B. sempervirens B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. pineapple s. carpatica C. microphylla var. strawberry s.

rapunculus Campsis C. s. p. s. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. p. green p. p. C. p. o. p. p. o. green p. trumpet flower. o.. p. p. o.. red p. o. persicifolia C. sweet pepper. o. p. trumpet vine. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. cow-itch. pimento sweet pepper s. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper.. p. bell p. chili p. crown plant trumpet creeper.C. o.. s. o.

safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. majus Chelone cayenne p. Madagascar periwinkle. chili p. capsicum p. garden c. deodara Celosia C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. celandine celandine turtlehead. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. bastard s. canariensis Cedrus C. senna.. marilandica Catharanthus C. nobile Chelidonium C. Russian c.. Tabasco-sauce p. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. ovata Cassia C. frutescens Carthamus C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C..< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. carvi Carya C. Tabasco p.. shellbark h. red p. illinoinensis C. snakehead . canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. false saffron.. cristata Cercis C. tinctorius Carum C.. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle.

mint geranium. intybus Cimicifuga C. wax flower. wintergreen.. devil's-darning- . alecost pyrethrum. pigweed Mexican tea. pyrethum. Dalmatia p. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. Robert Brydon' C.C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. leather flower. dwarf 1. barbe-de-capuchin. ladanifer Citrus C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. ambrosioides C. racemosa Cistus C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. parthenium C. virgilia virgin's bower. rattletop black cohosh. umbellata Chionanthus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. crispus C. virgin's bower. cinerariifolium C.. glabra Chenopodium C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. leucanthemum C. Spanish t. wormseed. American w. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.. leather flower. fat hen ambrosia. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Meyer 1.. botrys Chimaphila C. Chinese dwarf 1. feather geranium. coccineum C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. balsamita C. bonus-henricus C. lutea Clematis C. frutescens C. old-man's-beard costmary. × superbum Cichorium C.

majalis Convolvulus C. thorn. arkansana C. Chinese parsley dogwood. smokebush smoke tree. quick-set. apiculatus Crataegus C. avellana Cotinus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle .needle Cnicus C. Venetian sumac. laevigata C. benedictus Coix C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. ambigua C. smoke plant. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander.. trifolia Coreopsis C. sativum Cornus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. smokebush. cneorum Coptis C. orientalis Convallaria C. florida Corylus C. red haw hawthorn English h. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. autumnale Comptonia C. thorn apple. peregrina Consolida C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn.

supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. gracilis Dianthus D. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. scoparius C. West Indian 1. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > .. sempervirens Cydonia C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. kotschyanus C. × allwoodii D.. sativus C. citratus Cytisus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. maritimum Crocus C. angustifolius C. sieberi C.C. speciosus 'Albus' C. speciosus C.

dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . sativus D. sylvestris Doronicum D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. carnation. lanata D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. burning bush. grandiflora D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. gas plant.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. pardalianches E Echeveria E. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D.

torquata Euonymus E. plum eryngo sea holly. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort.E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell.. sea eryngo California poppy C. sea holm. japonica Eryngium E. arvense E. hyemale Eranthis E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. jacinth. vulgare Elaeagnus E. viridis Epimedium E. poppy eucalypt. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. perfoliatum E. gum tree. rugosum v. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. Japanese medlar. blueweed. maritimum Eschscholzia E. epimedium barrenwort. Australian gum. californica Eucalyptus E. ironbark. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. b. S. pungens Eleocharis E. J. dulcis Endymion E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat.

major Fragaria F. cyparissias F Ferula F.s. vulgare F. sow-teat s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.Euphorbia E. imperialis Fumaria F. ulmaria F. alpine s. chiloensis F. a.s. vulgare F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. assafoetida Ficus F. finocchio. vulgare var. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare subsp. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. a. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. a.

teaberry. sweet w. jasminoides Gaultheria G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. ground ivy. vernalis H. field balm.. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. virginiana Hedeoma H.. Carolina jasmine G. mock p. spotted c. checkerberry. dyer's greenweed. Carolina jessamine Genista G. robertianum Glechoma G. Carolina yellow j. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. verum Gardenia G. triacanthos Gossypium G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. runaway robin. red Robin . pulegioides American pennyroyal. tinctoria Geranium G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. germanica G. cleavers white bedstraw. honey locust. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. nivalis Galium G. odoratum G. hederacea Gleditsia G. maculatum G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. wild c. mountain tea. woodwaxen.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. mollugo G.. false baby's-breath woodruff.F. alumroot herb Robert. Capejasmine wintergreen. gardenia. our-lady's-b..

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. rose-of-China. garland 1. Deckaner h. angustifolium H. licorice plant heliotrope. lilioasphodelus H. Deccan h. lemon d.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. glabra Hesperis H. flavescens Helenium H. daylily . bastard jute. corsicus H. arborescens Helleborus H. matronalis Hibiscus H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. China rose. bimli j. orientalis Hemerocallis H. lividus subsp. × luteola Herniaria H.. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. Hawaiian h. cannabinus H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. hibiscus kenaf. mallow. giant m. curry plant false licorice. Indian hemp. rose m.. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. foetidus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. blacking plant plantain lily. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H..... atrorubens H. bimlipatum j. turnsole heliotrope. Chinese hibiscus. niger H. sweet r. petiolatum Heliotropium H.

I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.-John's-wort St. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. horned h. box-leaved h. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.. patulum 'Sungold' H.H. white h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. lupulus Hydrangea H. orangeroot.-John's-wort St. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. crenata var.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. European h. . navelwort gotu kola St. asiatica Hypericum H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. Burford's holly Japanese holly. perforatum Hyssopus H. rose h. box-leaved h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.

horizontalis creeping j. helenium Ipomoea I. spotted t. 'Great Lakes' I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. crested i. tinctoria Inula I. crested dwarf i. J. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. tinctoria Ixia I. chinensis var. jewelweed. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. virginiana red cedar jasmine. maculata J Jasminum J. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. opaca I. African corn lily corn lily orris. snapweed. pseudacorus Isatis I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. capensis Indigofera I. woad dyer's woad.I.. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . florentina I. yellow flag.. alba Iris I. touch-me-not jewelweed. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. water f. cristata I. × germanica var. officinale Juniperus J. wilsonii Impatiens I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. glabra I.. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.

angustifolia subsp. maculatum L. carnea Brazilian-plume. white d. paradise p. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. dentata var. sweet bay laurel. plume flower. angustifolia L. dumb nettle.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. indica Lamium L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. album L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . plume plant.. n. dentata L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. flamingo p. d. bay. n.Justicia water willow J. nobilis Lavandula L. brandegeana shrimp plant J.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

muscari Lobelia L. usitatissimum Liriope L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. benzoin Linum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. leonurus Leontopodium L. aestivum Levisticum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L.. chalcedonicum Limonium L. hedge plant privet. candidum L. sativum Leucojum L. blue cardinal flower . perenne L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. officinale Ligustrum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. statice statice toadflax spicebush. lovage privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. marsh rosemary. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. summer s. pepperwort.

europaeus Lysimachia L. cordata Magnolia M. campion.L. stellata M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. coral h.. vulgaris Lythrum L. lycopersicum var. sempervirens Lunaria L. grandiflora M. coronaria L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. annua Lychnis L. satin flower honesty. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. maritima L. virginiana sweet alyssum. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. moonwort. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. money plant. coronaria 'Alba' L. flava L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. lycopersicum var. silver-dollar. honesty. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. catchfly mullein pink. gypsywort. penny f. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M.

crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. Virginia b.. lungwort bluebells. longifolia M. pulegium M. stock stock. requienii M. Scotch m. vulgare Matthiola M. × piperita var. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. gillyflower. menthella. apple m. incanum M. × gentilis M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. angustifolia M.. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. horsemint peppermint orange mint. aquatica M. pennyroyal Corsican m. holly barberry. Brampton stock. Virginia c. musk m. lemon m. Oregon g. officinalis Mentha M. citrata M. American crab. bluebells.. cowslip. hupehensis Malva M.. holly g. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. blue barberry apple. sweet b.. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. imperial stock balm lemon b. horsemint . alcea var.. b. 'Eau de Cologne' M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.. × piperita M. 'Guiding Star' M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint...Mahonia M. bergamot m. fastigiata Marrubium M. curly m. bee b. pineapple m. white h. incana Melissa M. mountain g. holly mahonia.

perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M.M. winter purslane. sweet cicely. Swedish m. b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. textilis Myosotis M.. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. white b. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . fistulosa M. candleberry. banana abaca. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. menthifolia M. odorata Myrtus M. anise. myrrh. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. fistulosa var. punctata Montia M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. red m. citriodora M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. Greek myrtle. Oswego tea. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. swamp c. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. white bee balm pink b. sylvatica Myrica M. American m. pink b. b. b.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

. trifoliata Populus P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. balsam p. sand p. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . cowslip self-heal self-heal. heal-all. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. maritima P. hackmatack. granatum Pyrus P. lungwort blue 1. sieboldii 'Alba' P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. aspen. hog-pasture b. brake. hardy orange poplar. nepalensis P. widdy shrubby c. elatior P. veris Prunella P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. tacamahac cinquefoil. vulgaris Prunus P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. Americana P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. pasture b.. brake bracken. domestica P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. pensylvanica P. Jerusalem sage. angustifolia P. all-heal salad burnet. five-finger shrubby c.Poncirus P. persica Pteridium P. golden hardhack..

gallica damask r. cabbage r. alpinum R. York-and-Lancaster r. chinensis 'Minima' R. China r. purshiana Rheum R. 'Cinderella' R. autumn damask r. sativum Rosa R. rose. sweetbrier French r.. garden c. small c. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. moss r. brier r. mountain c. dyer's rocket rhubarb. banksiae R. red currant. moss r. luteola Rhamnus R. eglanteria R. ficaria Reseda R.. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. crowfoot lesser celandine. pygmy r.. canina R. pilewort mignonette weld.. × borboniana R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. stellata R Ranunculus R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. eglantine. gooseberry alpine c. dog b. typhina Ribes R. dog r. pie plant. fairy r. .. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. brier Banksia r. Bourbon r.Quercus Q. garden r.

musk r. spinosissima R. × harisonii R. climbing r. rosemary pine-scented r. Japanese r. garden sorrel broad dock. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Harison's yellow r. chinquapin r. r.. acetosa R. wichuraiana R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. prairie r. laevigata R. climbing r. golden p. sorrel. angustissimus R. setigera R. Turkestan r. French sorrel rue . snowdwarf memorial r. Cherokee r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.. dock s.'Officinalis' R. polyantha r. Scotch r. bitter d. chestnut r. rugosa R. burnet r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. × rehderana R.. obtusifolius R. tinctorum Rubus R. madder bramble blackberry. rosemary white r.. roxburghii R. moschata R. prostrate rosemary. 'Schneezwerg' R. hirta Rumex R.

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bloodroot rue . ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. purple sage baby sage garden sage.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. guaranitica S. American e. sclarea S. s. clevelandii S. greggii S. elegans S. caprea Salvia S. osier goat willow. purple g. microphylla S. elderberry American e. s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. viridis Sambucus S. golden g. leucantha S. pussy willow sage. purple variegated garden s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. canadensis willow. involucrata S. variegated garden s. clary annual clary elder. gray sage. leucophylla S. Mexican bush s. caerula S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. garden s. bloodroot red puccoon. argentea S.

montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. devil's tongue. tectorum Silybum S.. pinnata S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. canadensis Sansevieria S. trifasciata Santolina S. St. mourning-bride stonecrop. mad apple . pincushion flower pincushions. hen-and-chickens. good-luck plant. jasminoides S. telephium Sempervivum S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. blessed t. skirret potato vine eggplant. albidum Satureja S. hortensis S. live-forever houseleek. roof h. hemp plant snake plant. orpine donkey's tail orpine. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp.. marianum Sium S. sweet s. Mary's t. live-forever houseleek.. neapolitana S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. virens Saponaria S. lucky plant. melongena var. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. morganianum S.Sanguisorba S. officinalis Sassafras S.. sisarum Solanum S. milk t. atropurpurea Sedum S.

Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. hedge nettle. officinale S. byzantina S. lilac . laevis Symphytum S. woundwort lamb's-ears. vulgaris 'Addie V. patula melongene. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. reticulata var. big m.. americana Stachys S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. californica Sorbaria S. grandiflora S. laciniata Persian lilac S. officinale Syringa S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. lutea Stokesia S.. × persica var. erecta marigold African m. Aztec m. pseudocapsicum Solidago S.

'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. culinary golden lemon t. vulgare T. dwarf m. germander American g. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. sweet mace French m. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. tansy tansy. dense y. yew conical y. fruticans T. 'Argenteus' T. . procumbent g. canadense T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. columnar y. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. marum Thuja T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. occidentalis Thymus T.. carnosus T. lucida T. officinale Taxus T...T. wood sage germander dwarf. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. filifolia T. crispum Taraxacum T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. vulgare var. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. 'Broad-leaf English' T. lemon t. signet m. upright y.

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. herba-barona T. richardii subsp. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. lemon t. nitidus T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. praecox T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. praecox subsp. confederatej. glabrescens T. odorus t. romero clover red clover star jasmine.. pallasianus T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. t. leucotrichus T. nummularius T. zygis Torenia T. creeping t. woolly thyme creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. red c. doerfleri T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. not culinary French t. serpyllum T. caraway t. pratensis Trichostema T.. lanatum Trifolium T. wishbone flower. crimson c. jasminoides Tragopogon T. t.

thapsus Veronica V. tarda T. species t. serpyllifolia nasturtium. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. officinalis V. blattaria V.. majus T. pale yellow Darwin t. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. mullein mullein. . Indian cress dwarf n. tawny orange t. speedwell. bitter Indian garden n. angustifolium var. 'Blizzard' T. olympicum V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. squill. huckleberry.. farfara U Urginea U. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. early. minus Tsuga T. tall n. velvet p. dioica V Vaccinium V. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. red s. 'General de Wet' T.Tropaeolum T. cranberry. flannel plant. water-lily t. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. clusiana T. officinalis Verbascum V. maritima Urtica U. laevifolium Valeriana V. nettle stinging n. canadensis Tulipa T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. blueberry. kaufmanniana T.

prunifolium Vinca V. odorata V. heartsease pansy. withe-rod vetiver. violet dog violet horned v. arrowwood. canina V. myrtle. × wittrockiana Vitis V. minor Viola V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. possum haw . plicatum 'Mariesii' V. nannyberry. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle.Vetiveria V. carlesii V.. ladies-delight. sweet h. running m. cassinoides V.. heartsease.. sheepberry. tricolor V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. lutea 'Splendens' V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. khus-khus. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. zizanioides Viburnum V. acerifolium V. lesser p. maple-leaved viburnum. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.

ginger. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger.

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