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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

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17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

build it. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. and the experience provided the final section of the book. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. pushing. It needs no sequel. wheedling. Then. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. With false starts and honest stops. This was not to be. with sparkling enthusiasm. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. The turning point came when. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. bereft of hope. successes. alterations. more of them exist to serve as examples. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. and I have had the pleasure of advising. punching. carefully chosen. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. This they did. especially poetry. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. and record every detailall of the failures. whether all their labor was to no avail. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. responded with delight. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. Again they revised. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. for they had no model and no guide. seven years ago. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Their energy and charm caught me up. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Ginny had done some writing. and the publisher.

The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. or by contributors.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. although countless common names exist. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. specialty. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. A range of essential factors is considered herein. without accompanying commentary. and these are capitalizedfor example. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. We." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. while others were prepared by landscape designers. Not all plants used are herbs. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. former generic names. by their owners. The herb garden designs alone. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. we completed a test garden. Likewise. Some of these were created by landscape architects. historical interest. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. . It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. English thyme. degree of maintenance required. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. 1969 and 1980. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Italics are always used for botanical names. To achieve this. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. and educational purpose." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. rather. the authors. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased.

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too.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. always encouraging us to stay with our project. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Nell Neff. She has served. Wanda Ritchie. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. FAITH H. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Special thanks are due James C. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Finally. Recognition is due Robert B. Keebler and the late Everest P. have also been of assistance. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Jo Lohmolder.. has been especially helpful over the years.D. and August Frugé. Lee Buss. and the horticulturist. former director of same. His assistant. librarian. president. Eleanor Gambee. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. M. Weatherhead. and Elizabeth Bryce. Alexander Apanius. Genevieve Jyurovat. A lecturer on herbs. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. as expediter and typist. Betty Rea. Alice Skelsey. We are grateful to many. past presidents. Rady. Richard T. Trudi Bela. former managing editors. Susan Frugé. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. and Joanna Reed. Derthick. Herbert J. The late Raymond C. Swanson and Robert B. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Isaacson. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. has given us valuable information. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. which made possible the completion of our text. and Rexford Talbert. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

have foliage that changes color with the seasons. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. Perennial herbs. temples of worship. "Not difficult to plan. lay out a plan of the property. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden." A good design does not "happen. to increase the value of the property. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. partially excavated area. a front dooryard. If no .< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. or an abandoned. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. As one constantly reinforces the other. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. new ways of seeing. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Its interest is independent of flowers. and decisions must not be left to chance. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. and hedges will have been located. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. fences. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. new plants." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. and structures." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. some of which are evergreen. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. the north point will have been indicated. As Henry Beston reflects. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. not at all difficult to maintain. In order to create a fine garden design. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence.

and hedges.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. < previous page page_2 next page > . measurements are in engineer's scale. fences. Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.

Here. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. too. Next. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. The object is to . Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. other significant structures. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. such as the one illustrated here. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. In the absence of a survey map. measure to locate the house. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. A deed description. and the driveway. Other areas may require a smaller scale. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. to locate the house. too. measurements are in engineer's scale. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. but with all needed information. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. In this example.

one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. and unusual land features noted. paths. triangleof inexpensive plastic. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. lines at an angle. The tools needed for drawing are few. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. and parallel lines. The smaller the scale. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. shrubs. enclosures. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. < previous page page_3 next page > . T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. driveway. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden.

and hedges of hemlock. iron. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. With the plan on paper. old smokehouse." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. gazebo. and stone. yew. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. bayberry. One basic rule is the higher the wall. and holly. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. brick. In some cases. In the absence of a structure. greenhouse. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. Upkeep. or summer kitchen is ideal. garage. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. In the designs that follow. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. However. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. A toolhouse.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

the garden design is most attractive. Brick is the all-time favorite material. bricks. too. Allow adequate room within the row. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. gray surfaces are found. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Stained. as an example. or pressure-treated lumber. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. . Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. they can be made to order. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. or natural. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. painted. for reinforcing the design. however. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. At first. railroad ties. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. cut stones. elegant box. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. When used with a hedge. used for dry wall or masonry construction. for example. if wood is the material of choice. When this reinforcement is understated. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. such as bayberry. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. If used.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. whether it will be rocks. it will seem too sparsely planted. holly. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Equally important is proportion. yew. In some climates. Rosemary. landscape timbers. Generally. so give them much thought. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. a temporary garden that may be changed later. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. some deciduous and some evergreen. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. deeply evergreen. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Stone. Whatever the reason. If desired. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. and rosemary. Gates are part of the enclosure. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. as in outdoor room dividers. and their styles are countless. annual painting is a necessity. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Styles are legion. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Where air circulation is much needed. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. but the results will confirm this course. Lower cost is an advantage. box. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. For example. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. or.

awkward and unsafe. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. there is a necessary.Steps When constructing steps. Conversely. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Choose the path material equally for comfort. the greater the tread. however. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. but should be compatible with. Step materials need not be the same as. If groups are walking through. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. It is a general rule that the less the riser. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. appearance. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. too. The colors are various: terracotta. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. and maintenance. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Access paths. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. for example. Paths In addition to their obvious utility.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. their use no less than comfortable. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. A width of four feet allows room for turning. rosy pink. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. . There are. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. cost. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. or red. making the design more evident. because they are just that. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Paths must be ample.

A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. and many good references are available. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. With these recommendations in mind. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. serviceberry. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. is an enjoyable experience. or trees to be considered. they should not shade the herbs too much. This. shad Malus coronaria. a soft-lead pencil in hand. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. too. prepare a planting plan for each. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. They are easily renewed as they break down. bark or pine needles can be used. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained.) To avoid having a slippery surface. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . If the garden is made up of separate beds. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. shrubs. a result being hazardous footing. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. When they mature. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site.

It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. a focal point is customarily used. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. lemon thyme. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Artifacts As with other gardens. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . it is easily read and easily erased. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It needs. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. for example. however. Do use a soft-lead pencil. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. too. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. 'Mount Hood daff. noting well their growth habits. one-half inch equals one foot. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. for example. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. or whatever is best in your case. such as the one illustrated here. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. whether they are invasive or tall growing. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Sept. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug.

respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. If a statue less than life-size is used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. a niche of its own should be created. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame. the height of a fence to the house. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. < previous page page_9 next page > . Again.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

the designs have a decorative north point. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. For easy reference. a stylized drawing of an ovary.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . However. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. that of good proportion. Except for two.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

With color and texture considered for contrast. 22. Landscape Architect. dill cerasiforme.Satureja montana. 7.S. 14. sativa. Lavenders accent the front corners.Lavandula savory angustifolia. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. The first number in each planting area is the key number. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.A. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. lovage 17. A. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. bee balm 13. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Viola tricolor. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. a fence. 6.Lobularia maritima. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. sweet 25. lemon 15.L. salad burnet 12. rose 24.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Thymus praecox subsp. 4.Satureja hortensis. 21. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. which is used here in relation to a garage. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. or other structure. summer 23. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Origanum majorana. The rules of symmetry are observed. fennel 2. 26. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Ocimum basilicum. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. 3.Allium 11.Pelargonium graveolens. arcticus 27. Foeniculum vulgare. lemon balm .Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis. 5. 16.

Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley 10. Chrysanthemum balsamita. costmary 'Albus'. chive 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Origanum heracleoticum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . leek 9.8. Greek 28. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Porrum Group. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis. 19.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.

Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Petroselinum crispum var.Allium schoenoprasum. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. French tarragon 2. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Poterium sanguisorba. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. lemon verbena 21. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Aloysia triphylla.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Pelargonium tomentosum. summer 10.Foeniculum vulgare. bush basil 3. 9.Pelargonium graveolens. .Satureja hortensis. 12. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. curly parsley sativa. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. 13.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. as was done here.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. perhaps overgrown with weeds. 1. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. white 20. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 18. rose 19. 17. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. 11.

English thyme dill 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Thymus × citriodorus.Galium odoratum. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Heliotropium arborescens. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . English'. 16. 14. eglantine 23.salad burnet 6.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Origanum majorana.Rosa eglanteria.

Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. still observing a scale. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. . lovage 15.Chionanthus virginicus. making the beds larger and the paths wider. summer savory 11. A. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Satureja hortensis. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Then the design might need to be expanded. salad burnet 14. dill 2. parsley 5.Artemisia dracunculus var. English thyme Greek oregano 4. lemon thyme 10. Even in limited space. however. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. however. 7. sativa.Taxus cuspidata. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. The number in each planting area is the key number.S. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. 1.L. and the plan could be used at a front door. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.Levisticum officinale.A.Petroselinum crispum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. 13.Mentha spicata. spearmint 16.Allium schoenoprasum. The garden is conveniently located.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 8. Origanum majorana. 9. sweet marjoram 3.Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese yew 17. Origanum heracleoticum.

Ocimum basilicum.6.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

Dictamnus albus. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. Christmas fern 5. salad 20.Polemonium reptans. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Polystichum acrostichoides. 7. fraxinella 15.Convallaria majalis. 1. garden sage 17.S.Digitalis grandiflora.Thymus × citriodorus. 33. The number in each planting area is the key number. 30.Allium ampeloprasum.Asarum canadense. 8. wild ginger 27. 13.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. 6.Artemisia dracunculus var.Primula vulgaris. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. Monarda didyma. 18. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. A. The long. 25. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. Viola odorata.Osmunda cinnamomea.Santolina chamaecyparissus. summer 21. 32.A. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lavender marjoram 2.Stachys byzantina. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. hop sativa. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Jacob's-ladder 3. yellow 29. bee balm 14. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. the challenge is obvious.Humulus lupulus. 9. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Pulmonaria officinalis. Landscape Architect. sweet violet 16.Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 28. 31.Teucrium chamaedrys. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. fennel 19. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. This is an intimate garden. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. cinnamon fern 4. blue lungwort 26. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.L.

Galium odoratum.Tsuga canadensis. curly parsley mountain ash 12. French thyme woodruff koreana.Petroselinum crispum var.lilac 10.Galium verum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. sweet 34.Korean box 11.Buxus microphylla var.Sorbus americana. 35. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . Canada hemlock Standard'. crispum. French'. winter savory 24.Satureja montana.savory germander Willmott'. yellow bedstraw 23.

Even so. It is a pleasing.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. One of the beds. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Petroselinum crispum var. 1. neapolitanum. dill 10. devoted to a "yearly surprise. it became part of the patio.Rumex scutatus. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Aloysia triphylla. 19. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Salvia officinalis. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. Italian parsley . garden sage 20.Origanum heracleoticum. geometric design. this design can be an inspiration. lemon verbena 2. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. To be placed near the kitchen. Surprisingly. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.

17. French tarragon 5. lemon balm cicely 6. winter savory 24. purple basil 4.Origanum majorana. English thyme bush basil 8.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium tuberosum. salad 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. Alpine strawberry 7.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 14.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. lemon basil 9. crispum. 16.Poterium sanguisorba. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . sweet 13. chervil marjoram 21.Myrrhis odorata. basil sativa.Borago officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 12.Satureja hortensis.Petroselinum crispum var.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer savory 23. curly parsley 22. chive 25.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garlic chive 26.3. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Anthriscus cerefolium.Satureja montana. borage 'Purpurascens'. sweet 18.

it is an unusual.Lavandula angustifolia. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. English lavender 10. purple basil 4. D.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. so. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens.Pelargonium in variety. English thyme lemon thyme 11. gray .Satureja montana. lamb's-ears 20. sweet 13. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. too. it is full of interesting angles.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. rosemary 3. scented-leaf geranium 2. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 14. green santolina 12. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. As a whole.C. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. 19.Galium odoratum. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. blue 22. winter 21. 1. geometric design. Created in an orderly way.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis.Stachys byzantina. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. To increase the planting area. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. sweet cicely 23. the work paths could be eliminated.Rosmarinus officinalis. The center beds here were established in this way.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Myrrhis odorata.

Artemisia camphorata.Salvia officinalis. horehound24.Artemisia abrotanum. silver mound artemisia 18. germander 16. classic myrtle 9. French thyme santolina 15.Ilex opaca. American southernwood holly 17. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .6.Dianthus caryophyllus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Marrubium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. clove pink 7. 25.Myrtus communis.

Rosmarinus officinalis. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. casts the shadow for the hour. Ocimum basilicum. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. Achillea millefolium. Coix lacryma-jobi. purple basil 3. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. gray santolina 13. Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia dracunculus var. Job's tears 11.Santolina chamaecyparissus. borage 23. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. rosemary 15. too. tansy 25. 1.Chamaemelum . absinthe 26. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. sativa. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Melissa officinalis. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Its arrow points north and. sweet woodruff 5. Galium odoratum. yarrow 12. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. This center of interest is of particular note. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. French tarragon 14. English lavender 6.Borago officinalis.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. blue hyssop 2. winter savory 16. lemon balm 22.Calendula officinalis. Sometimes space is limited. pot marigold 24. arcticus 21. this herb garden is secluded. sweet basil 4. which adds its impression of warmth.Satureja montana. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.

garden sage 19.Syringa. marjoram pecan 10.Symphytum officinale.7. Salvia elegans.Carya illinoinensis.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. comfrey20. scented-leaf 27. costmary 'Albus'.Origanum vulgare.Origanum majorana. chive 18. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. sweet 29. wild marjoram 28. chamomile 17. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Chrysanthemum balsamita.Pelargonium in variety. Salvia officinalis. variegated garden sage 8. pineapplescented sage 9.

Satureja hortensis. chervil 15. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. true ginger16.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Apium graveolens.Ipomoea alba. 3. horehound 33.Myrrhis odorata. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. rue 31.Teucrium chamaedrys. 7. 36. blue 23. 9. hyssop Meyer lemon . 19. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 8. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. rose geranium 2. garlic Levisticum officinale. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. sativa. When controlled in this way.Marrubium vulgare. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 5.Ruta graveolens.Salvia officinalis. 30. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 18.Galium odoratum. purple basil Zingiber officinale. for example lemon balm and spearmint. parsley 17.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. lovage 22. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. French sorrel 21. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. sunken into the ground.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon balm 35.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 34. sweet cicely 37. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 4. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 29. Anthriscus cerefolium.Origanum majorana. 1. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. The more invasive ones. dill 20.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium sativum.Melissa officinalis. 6. summer 32.

lemon verbena 11.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme 26. bush basil 14. dwarf nasturtium 13.Origanum heracleoticum.Tropaeolum minus.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Ocimum basilicum. salad burnet 25.10. lemonthyme 28.Mentha spicata. sweet basil 38.Aloysia triphylla.Magnolia virginiana. spearmint 27. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . Greek oregano 12. Japanese yew 39. French thyme 24.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Poterium sanguisorba.

and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. however. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. "Simplify. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. < previous page page_22 next page > . but. a quick way to ensure good drainage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. whatever the reason. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. simplify!.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

tomato American pennyroyal 4. 12. 1.Petroselinum crispum.Artemisia dracunculus var. French tarragon 5.Mentha spicata. tansy 11. bell pepper 6. lettuce 10.Aloe barbadensis. 18.Hedeoma pulegioides.Melissa officinalis. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. spicebush absinthe French'.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 25. 14. rue 20.Thymus praecox subsp. summer basil savory 7. aloe Grossum Group.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lindera benzoin. sweet 17.Mentha x piperita.Anethum graveolens.Galium odoratum. sweet 15. garden sage 3.Allium fistulosum.Capsicum frutescens. spearmint 21.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. parsley 2. 26.The number in each planting area is the key number. jewelweed24.Tanacetum vulgare.Salvia officinalis. lemon 22.Lactuca sativa.Artemisia absinthium.Ruta graveolens. arcticus. balm sativa.Impatiens capensis. peppermint 23.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja hortensis. 16. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . bee balm 19. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Monarda didyma.Origanum majorana. dill 13.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Pelargonium in variety. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. arcticus 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. horizontally laid bluestone. Russian 13. French thyme 2. faced and capped with random. germander 7. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. A low wall of brick. Thymus praecox subsp. encloses this plan. too. Perovskia abrotanoides. 1. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. . The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.

Alchemilla vulgaris. Thymus × citriodorus.angustifolia. witch hazel 18.Melissa officinalis.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. arcticus 'Albus'. crimson creeping thyme 9.Viburnum cassinoides.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon thyme 10. trumpet vine 16. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.-John'swort 17. white creeping thyme 5. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. blue 11. lavender 3.Campsis radicans. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Hamamelis virginiana.Thymus praecox subsp.Galium odoratum. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lady's6. lemon balm hyssop 12.Santolina neapolitana 4. St.Hyssopus officinalis.

Germander is a proper edging here. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. the shrubsyew. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. However. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. It is. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. however. < previous page page_28 next page > . box. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. lilac. holly. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. Although this is not a large garden.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

23. Heliotropium arborescens. columnal yew 43. gray sage savory 14.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. classic myrtle 15.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Myrtus communis.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Anemone pulsatilla. lavender 22. Japanese yew 44.Stachys byzantina. santolina alpine pink 28. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. sweet cicely17.Iris cristata. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Salvia leucophylla.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Ruta graveolens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. white hyssop 4. blue horehound hyssop 3.20. Viola odorata. 26.Dictamnus albus.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. sweet violet 19. green 27. dwarf privet 48. rue 6. Marrubium vulgare. dwarf crested iris 39. 1.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. broom 40. 12. 32. lamb'sears 35. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Santolina pinnata 34.Comptonia peregrina. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Japanese holly 47. Alchemilla vulgaris. cottage pink 2. Mentha requienii.Salvia sclarea.Cytisus supinus.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Artemisia frigida. red creeping thyme 10. 9. Japanese holly 42. winter 29. Thymus praecox subsp.Borago officinalis. fraxinella 33. 21. crimson creeping thyme 31. orris 38. lady's. alpine strawberry 8. Simkins'. Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 37. clary 30. sweet albula.Thymus praecox subsp. Corsican 24.Artemisia camphorata. florentina.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf box 41.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Syringa patula.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Chrysanthemum coccineum. lilac 45.Satureja montana. fringed wormwood 16. mantle chamomile 5.Santolina virens.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. 18. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Albus'.Eloise & Jo Ray. germander 36. prostrate rosemary 13.Hyssopus officinalis. woolly thyme 7. shrubby cinquefoil 46. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Chamaemelum nobile. Myrrhis odorata.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.

< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. as is true here in the vegetable garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. Other paths are brick. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. a cutting garden. and a vegetable garden. This hedge. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. a running bond pattern. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. < previous page page_30 next page > . an herb garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. the center of interest for the herb garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have.

< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect.L.A. A.S. .

Satureja hortensis.Digitalis grandiflora. sweet 51. fraxinella 26.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. sweet marjoram 45. summer 34. blue iris 9. green santolina 42. candytuft Standard'.Hemerocallis × luteola.Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. yellow epimedium 15.Thymus × citriodorus. 1.Pelargonium in variety.Hyssopus officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis. germander 39.Galium odoratum.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. 50. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. garden sage 56.Teucrium chamaedrys. lavender 18.Aloysia triphylla. white 'Bouquet'. winter savory 44. clary 46. 55.Ribes alpinum. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Helleborus niger.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Polystichum acrostichoides. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. Louise'. Dictamnus albus.Salvia officinalis. Stokes' aster 31.Lilium candidum. dill wishbone flower 5.Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 40. helenium 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. York-andLancaster rose 16.Petroselinum crispum var. 47.Chrysanthemum × superbum. cottage pink French'. sativa. starsMaxima'. statice Solemacher'. 53. Anethum graveolens 23. lamb's-ears 49. bush basil 41. Christmas 48.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Magnolia virginiana.Satureja montana.Stokesia laevis.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. 37. Campanula persicifolia. Aquilegia chrysantha.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. Achillea taygetea. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum 54.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. alpine strawberry 3. 52. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Allium christophii.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Santolina virens. purple basil Japanese holly 17. plantain lily 2. verbena rose chive 11.Salvia sclarea. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. 22. double white peony of-Persia 12. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Rosa damascena savory crispum. columbine dwarf marigold 6. French tarragon 8.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. yellow 24.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Allium schoenoprasum. yellow 35. lemon 29. 14. pale 28. blue hyssop 43.Limonium latifolium. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . French thyme 7.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 32. blue 27.

An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. a retaining wall or walls are needed. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. as in this case. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. While serving as a soil retainer.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. < previous page page_32 next page > . It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house.

Monarda didyma.Galium odoratum. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. crispum. Melissa officinalis. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Iris pseudacorus. Landscape Architect. spearmint 41.Viola odorata. 42.45. The number in each planting area is the key number.A. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. Borago officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.R. 1. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. lemon 22.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet 23.Thymus × citriodorus. 21.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm 24. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F.A.Solanum pseudocapsicum. borage 26. Stachys byzantina. Ocimum basilicum. lemon verbena 46. .Aloysia triphylla. lady's43.Alchemilla vulgaris. English 44.Iris cristata. lamb's25.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata.

post crispum 'Banquet'. fennel 35.Origanum heracleoticum.Verbascum thapsus. carpet bugleweed 8. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Salvia elegans.Allium tuberosum.Artemisia absinthium. clove 55. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . wild 39. southernwood 31.Rosa × rehderana.Elaeagnus pungens. garden sage 36.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium sativum. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Satureja hortensis. salad burnet 10. pink hawthorn 16. absinthe English thyme 27.Quercus stellata. sweet marjoram 28. curly parsley oak 17.Anethum graveolens.Crataegus arkansana. 52.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha pulegium. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. horehound neapolitanum.Capsicum frutescens. Porrum Group.Cornus florida.Ruta graveolens. dill 34. 33. myrtle 58. rue 51.Artemisia abrotanum. polyantha rose 12. rosemary 9.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. 56. French tarragon holly 13.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. Poterium sanguisorba.Petroselinum crispum var.Vinca minor. summer 32. tabasco senna pepper 20. mullein chive 47. citrata. pennyroyal 54. Egyptian onion 11.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. savory sativa.Salvia officinalis. 40. Greek 53.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Nepeta cataria.Allium cepa. orange mint 29. Ajuga reptans.Dianthus caryophyllus. 57. pineapple38.Origanum majorana. Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. Proliferum Group. curly mint 30. leek 49.Cassia marilandica. garlic chive 48.Foeniculum vulgare.7.Petroselinum crispum var. 37.Allium ampeloprasum.Mentha × piperita var. flowering dogwood 15. catnip 50.

It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. < previous page page_34 next page > . A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. and vinegars. mothproofing bags. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. sleep pillows.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. However. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. Although this is a northeast exposure. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction.

Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .

French gray santolina sorrel 8.Salvia oficinalis. Ruta graveolens.Pelargonium × limoneum. garden sage 2. 19. nutmeg geranium 39.Calendula officinalis. peppermint geranium 40.Allium sphaerocephalum. 1.Monarda didyma. crispum. Poterium sanguisorba. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. purple basil sage 11. Artemisia pontica.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium moly. dwarf nasturtium 37. blue hyssop 35.Levisticum officinale.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. Egyptian onion 42. Proliferum Group.Pelargonium fragrans. French tarragon 10. costmary 5. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bay 48. daylily in variety 41. burnet lovage 6. Thymus × citriodorus. salad 22. Petroselinum crispum var. round-headed garlic 46.Valeriana officinalis. English finger-bowl geranium 38. Hallock'.Thuja occidentalis.Mentha spicata. florentina. lemon verbena 36.Artemisia dracunculus var. rue 26. 21.Tanacetum vulgare.Pelargonium tomentosum. lemon 31. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Aloysia triphylla.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. lilac 32. Lactuca. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium cepa.The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. tansy 16.Agastache foeniculum.Rumex scutatus. 24.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. lily leek 44. 23. Roman 20. winter 29. lavender 7. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. bee balm 30.Allium sativum var. Santolina chamaecyparissus. southernwood 9.Artemisia abrotanum. anise hyssop 14. lemon 18. lettuce in variety 25.Hyssopus officinalis . ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Iris × germanica var. 'President Poincare'.Alchemilla vulgaris. orris 17.Satureja montana. garden 'Purpurascens'. balm valerian 15. pot 28.Salvia officinalis.Tsuga canadensis. chive 43.Allium pulchellum 47. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. 49. 'Monge'.Tropaeolum minus. 50.Hemerocallis. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Ocimum basilicum 27.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Salvia elegans.

Invasive. < previous page page_36 next page > . The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. is the focus of the middle level. A simple knot. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.

Valeriana officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. 1. pineapple mint 22. Satureja montana 'Nana'. white thrift 24.Monarda didyma. houseleek 45. foxglove 4.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja hortensis. bee balm 26.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Poterium sanguisorba. golden thyme . French tarragon 44.Sempervivum tectorum. pineapplescented sage 47. sativa. summer savory 43. thyme 3. valerian 5. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Armeria maritima. Digitalis purpurea.Salvia elegans. dwarf winter savory 2.Artemisia dracunculus var. fennel 25.Marrubium vulgare. salad burnet 23. horehound 46.

parthenium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Origanum majorana.Symphytum officinale. Madonna cicely lily 12. pink 59. germander 56. 61. dyer's woad 7. sweet 37. annual clary 51. Dictamnus albus. 40.Allium schoenoprasum. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Crocus sativus. pink 62. white 58. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Galium verum. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Helleborus niger.Salvia officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet 32. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. French'. China rose comfrey 19. 38.Levisticum officinale. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. English 52. marigold chive 15.Teucrium chamaedrys.Anemone pulsatilla.Helleborus orientalis. Salvia sclarea.Rosa chinensis. absinthe 53. garden 42. skirret 60. rosemary 28.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 33. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Echium vulgare.Artemisia absinthium.Lilium candidum.Eranthis hyemalis. 54. feverfew climbing rose 16.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Calendula officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Agrimonia eupatoria.Salvia viridis. lavender Christmas rose 11. sweet 50. sweet basil sage 27.Ruta graveolens. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Lavandula angustifolia. rue 31. Isatis tinctoria.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 30.Galium odoratum.Sium sisarum. 39. yellow 41.Laurus nobilis.Hyssopus officinalis.Chrysanthemum 36.Foeniculum vulgare.Myrrhis odorata. pot 35.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 55. clary 48.Rosa eglanteria. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. Angelica archangelica.6. blue hyssop 57.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. viper's 34. fraxinella 8. dwarf edging box 21. angelica Lenten rose 10.Rosmarinus officinalis.

Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Carya ovata. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. and the shagbark hickory. even though space is limited. There is variety in this plan. However.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. < previous page page_38 next page > . The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton.

catmint Hyssopus officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. valerian Rosa damascena. Poterium sanguisorba. germander Agastache foeniculum. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. citrata.Galium verum. Aloysia triphylla. box Carya ovata. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. French Galium odoratum. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. bee balm Melissa officinalis. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. box Buxus sempervirens. angelica Mondarda didyma. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. stewardsonii. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. Marrubium vulgare. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. box Ruta graveolens. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. flax Buxus sempervirens. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. Asarum canadense. Canada Isatis tinctoria. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. lamb's. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. dogwood Salvia sclarea. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. borage Petroselinum crispum. red mint . daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet basil Satureja montana. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa.Arisaema triphyllum. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. rue Cornusflorida. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. sativa. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. chive Ilex opaca. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. Adiantum pedatum. green santolina Primula veris.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. For this appearance. a dipping pool there. < previous page page_40 next page > . too. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. However. unplanned look was desired. this excavation. is on a sandy knoll. first intended for the construction of a cottage. A clump of birch here.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. it is open on the side facing the house. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. An informal. A singular statue of St. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Sempervivum tectorum.Monarda fistulosa.Ocimum basilicum. sea onion angelica 24.Mentha suaveolens. 31. 36.Armeria maritima. 58. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. Artemisia dracunculusvar. lemon 35. wild 43. French'.Satureja hortensis. pot 66. purple basil 9. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 'Prostratus'. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. celandine cicely 18. Iris × germanica var. 76.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Digitalis purpurea. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 38. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Pelargonium denticulatum. Thymus × citriodorus.Melissa officinalis.Petroselinum crispum.Salvia elegans. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. red mint 48.Teucrium canadense.Pelargonium quercifolium.Althaea officinalis.Allium favum lovage 22.Achillea tomentosa.Angelica archangelica. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Stachys byzantina.Glechoma hederacea. 61. lemon balm 44. blue 2. wild 51. Johnny-jump-up54.Betula papyrifera. myrtle 14.Mentha × piperita. rose geranium 10.Nepeta cataria.Mentha spicata. bee balm . 60. lamb's-ears parsley 19. catnip 73.Poterium sanguisorba. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 74.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Ajuga reptans. 53.Artemisia abrotanum. 79.Tanacetum vulgare var.Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. rue 29.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Monarda didyma. 12.Myrrhis odorata.Salvia officinalis. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Urginea maritima.Mentha × gentilis. 78.Pelargonium graveolens. rose bergamot valerian 25. apple mint 49.Pelargonium tomentosum.Coriandrum sativum. 70. 34.Valeriana officinalis. 65. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 30.Marrubium vulgare. white birch English lavender parthenium. 8.Pelargonium crispum. 63.Origanum vulgare.Chelidonium majus.Mentha pulegium. 72. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 68. mint 50.Pulmonaria officinalis. peppermint 47.Vinca minor. pineapple3.Anthriscus cerefolium.Chrysanthemum 80. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 64.Digitalis grandiflora. 75.Satureja montana.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Convallaria majalis.Anethum graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis. thrift55.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 69.Pelargonium odoratissimum. winter savory 20. garden sage lungwort 57.Thymus praecox subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number. gray scented sage santolina 4. orris chamaecyparissus. 32.Thymus herba-barona. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 67. creeping juniper 26. 52. Ruta graveolens. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 33. golden 37. 77.Origanum onites. fern-leaf tansy 23.Origanum majorana. orange geranium 11.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Lavandula angustifolia. feverfew 27. marsh 42.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. sweet 71. woolly thyme 13.Viola tricolor.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 59.Consolida orientalis. 1.Rosa 'Merry England'.Allium schoenoprasum. spearmint 45.Santolina florentina. Thymus praecox subsp. chive crispum. pennyroyal 46.

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A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Because of the edging box. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Foundation stone.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. making it more a part of the herb garden. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. is used for the wall. the accents of the six large box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the same as the smokehouse construction. and the two small trees. < previous page page_42 next page > .

. Landscape Architect.A. A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L.S.

white 23.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha × piperita var.Melissa officinalis. sweet cicely45.Myrrhis odorata.Fritillaria imperialis. species in variety crispum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 41.Allium schoenoprasum. winter 42. box 'Citriodorum'. fraxinella 17. blue angelica lungwort 20. 40.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Buxus sempervirens.Artemisia abrotanum. Symphytum officinale. Origanum majorana.Alchemilla vulgaris. rosemary 3. crownbasil savory imperial 11. Rosmarinus officinalis.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. fringed 43.Chrysanthemum 28. 44. orange mint 19. summer 25.Artemisia frigida. 27.38.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Pulmonaria officinalis. lemon 34. European ginger 4. 35.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. balm citrata. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Crocus. bee balm 29. sweet 26.Allium giganteum. Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum 32. Dictamnus albus.Angelica archangelica.Lilium candidum.Mentha requienii.Prunus domestica. English 'Minimum'. pineapple mint 18.Ocimum basilicum 30. 22.Viola tricolor. Asarum europaeum.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. sweet 37. lemon 36.Satureja montana. lovage 46. lady's.Mentha × piperita. dwarf edging box 14. lemon basil 15. 21. 47. Ocimum basilicum 24. Lavandula angustifolia. balsamita. 1.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Galium odoratum.Aloysia triphylla. Corsican 33.Mentha spicata.Crataegus laevigata.The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum. 'Purpurascens'.Tanacetum vulgare var. 31. Pelargonium graveolens. 39. verbena English thyme 5. sweet marjoram 2. spearmint 48.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. purple basil sativa. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.

Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. This is true also of the stone curbing. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The dipping bowl. pink of Dianthus. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. too. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. a soil retainer. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. two specimen shrubs. Instead. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. < previous page page_44 next page > . Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. although it is ample at four feet. the dwarf box edging. This hedge. Lowgrowing.

L.S.A. Landscape Architect. .< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.

crocus Virginia bluebells 5. thyme 29.Salvia sclarea. Stachys byzantina.Convallaria majalis. verbena snowflake 19.Lilium candidum.Pelargonium in variety. clary 32. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. prostrate rosemary 18.57.Thymus praecox subsp. lily. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Galanthus nivalis. 44.Dicentra spectabilis.Nepeta mussinii. 'Lanuginosus'. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Crocus angustifolius. Origanum majorana. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Pelargonium in variety.Thymus herba-barona. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Tulipa clusiana. 58. Spanish bluebell 16. 20.Thymus × citriodorus.Borago officinalis.Levisticum officinale. 49. angustifolia 'Nana'.Anemone blanda.Ocimum basilicum. 53. Compactus'.Santolina virens.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. catmint 35. golden thyme41. Thymus doerfleri.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 43. marjoram crocus 7. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. 51. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. 2. orange mint 8.Aloysia triphylla. 46.Cimicifuga racemosa.Narcissus triandrus var. Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus lividus subsp. 45.Mentha spicata. 56. arcticus 34. rue25.Heliotropium arborescens. borage 31. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Mentha × piperita var. lemon 60.Mentha × piperita.Angelica archangelica. 50. Salvia officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears 28. spearmint 48.Digitalis grandiflora. caraway thyme albus.Hamamelis virginiana.Myrica pensylvanica.Tulipa kaufmanniana. 26.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Crocus kotschyanus. winter savory 39. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 54.The number in each planting area is the key number. black cohosh windflower 15. lemon 33.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. 36. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Helleborus niger. arcticus 30. 52. Madonna 63.Sternbergia lutea.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. 61. angel's-tears 59.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Galium odoratum. sweet 55. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. tulip citrata. 40.Crocus tomasinianus.Satureja montana. gray 22.Crocus speciosus.Leucojum aestivum. 1. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. white 42.Allium giganteum angelica 11. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 17.Teucrium canadense. green santolina 37.Mertensia virginica. sweet 47.Allium christophii.Narcissus asturiensis. American 38. sweet 27.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.

for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Morning sun warms it early. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. very livable and profoundly satisfying. The results have been most satisfying. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Second.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. First. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers.

Tagetes 'Lulu'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Porrum Group. garden sage 4.Artemisia lactiflora. Origanum heracleoticum. leek 46. French tarragon 5.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Thymus praecox subsp. clary thyme 22. Landscape Architect. English thyme 43. crocus 44. tulip 45. The number in each planting area is the key number. 25.Crocus sieberi.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.L.Allium neapolitanum.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia dracunculus var. A.Allium ampeloprasum. 1. 'Lambrook Silver'. sweet basil 23. .Apium graveolens.Salvia officinalis.S. woolly thyme 3. Ocimum basilicum. Artemisia absinthium 24. Beauty'. Thymus × citriodorus. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. absinthe sativa. 26. wild celery 42.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.A. lemon 21.Tulipa tarda. marigold 41.

pink 30.Stachys byzantina.Cornus florida. great 31. white evergreen azalea 16. fraxinella 36. red currant gray santolina 13. alpine 28.Artemisia camphorata.Ribes sativum. catmint 53.Hyssopus officinalis. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . 32. lobelia Sherbert'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea filipendula 60. blue 38.Asclepias tuberosa. weed chive 48.Aloysia triphylla.Digitalis grandiflora. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. lovage 34. American marjoram Yellow'. lamb's-ears 52.Tropaeolum minus.Aconitum napellus.Clematis 'Mrs.Petroselinum crispum var. 29.Crataegus phaenopyrum. 56. Viola odorata.Dictamnus albus.Dianthus × allwoodii. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. pale 49. 54.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Nepeta × faassenii. 8. lemon 50. Robert verbena Brydon'. curly parsley 20. Lavandula angustifolia.Lobelia siphilitica. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. monkshood upright yew 17.Allium schoenoprasum.Ilex opaca. American elderberry 15. viola holly 18.Levisticum officinale.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Galium mollugo. green 40.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. sweet 37.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Ipomoea alba. 39. butterfly 47. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Origanum majorana.Santolina virens.foxglove 7.Malus hupehensis. 58. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. yellow 55. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Allium senescens var.Rosmarinus officinalis. clematis 11. dogwood 19.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. an impression of Sol in it. even though the growing area is not extensive. repeats again the octagonal form.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The four herb beds. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. are raised with bricks on edge. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. A birdbath of copper.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Salvia officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. English thyme horehound 2. Stachys byzantina.Heliotropium arborescens. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 29. golden variegated garden sage 38. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. thyme salad burnet 40. rosemary 33.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. 16. lemon 39. 28. bush basil 23. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. orange santolina geranium 11. 19.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Semple. catmint 6.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 41. silver mound artemisia 8. crispum. spearmint southernwood 5. peppermint 4. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . curly parsley 32.Nepeta mussinii. curly mint 3. sweet woodruff 9.Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Artemisia absinthium. Artemisia dracunculus var. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium tomentosum. 1. clove pink 10.Pelargonium crispum. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Santolina 25.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium denticulatum. French tarragon 7. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 43. purple basil 24. sativa.Ruta graveolens. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. variegated garden sage 37.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. absinthe 20.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet basil 22. lemon 30.Allium schoenoprasum. purple variegated garden sage 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Mentha spicata. angustifolia. Galium odoratum.Ocimum basilicum.Pelargonium odoratissimum. white creeping thyme 12.Allium tuberosum.Lavandula dentata. 42. gray 'Prince of Orange'. lavender 15. clary 21. French 26. Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia sclarea.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. rue 35. prostrate rosemary 34. dill 18. lamb's-ears 17.Thymus × citriodorus.Joan E. Anethum graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Mentha × piperita. 27. heliotrope 31.

The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. rose. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. A birdbath may replace the pool. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. lemon verbena. A suitable fence. < previous page page_52 next page > . and lantana are a few. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. a toolhouse. too. rose geranium. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. if neither is available. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.L. geranium 16. verbena ambrosia 4.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. zonal geranium 18. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. crispum. arcticus 'Albus'. woolly thyme 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosescented geranium 17.Thymus praecox subsp.S.Chenopodium botrys. lemon 10.Pelargonium frutetorum.Tanacetum vulgare var. 1. green 12. 13. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Rosmarinus officinalis. The number in each planting area is the key number. bush basil 5. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . white creeping thyme 2. zonal geranium 19. lemon thyme 20. heliotrope 21. Thymus praecox subsp.A.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. lavender 3.Origanum majorana. 7.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 9.Thymus × citriodorus.Aloysia triphylla.Santolina virens. Landscape Architect. fern-leaf tansy 8. absinthe 'Minimum'.Artemisia absinthium 11.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Heliotropium arborescens.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. A. gray santolina chamomile 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

The dwarf box frames the focal point. the design is clearly traced. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Box and holly enclose it all. mints. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. a sundial. box. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. a deep mauve to others. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. These can easily obliterate a design. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. artemisias.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. but the design itself has endured forty years. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. As the snows melt. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . apothecary's rose. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Angelica. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

grape fennel 19.Monarda fistulosa. wild 52.Lilium candidum.Allium schoenoprasum.Tanacetum vulgare var. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Galium odoratum. arcticus 40. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Lavandula angustifolia.47.Asarum europaeum.Teucrium chamaedrys. feverfew 14.Melissa officinalis. chamomile 31. arcticus 39. weld 54. clove pink 29.Buxus sempervirens.Astrantia major.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Helleborus orientalis. 26. bronze 64. fern-leaf tansy 5. green santolina 24.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. perilla 51. rosemary 25.Foeniculum vulgare.Paeonia officinalis. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . French thyme Madonna lily 16. Tropaeolum majus.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Iris × germanica var. Santolina virens.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Myrrhis odorata. orris box 22.Pulmonaria officinalis. 65. white creeping thyme French'.Alchemilla alpina.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. dyer's woad 9.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. Canadian burnet 13. Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Satureja montana. arcticus 38. white 66.Sedum telephium. nasturtium 28. leaf geranium French lavender 8.James D.Santolina neapolitana 36. absinthe 34.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. marjoram lungwort crispum.30. sweet 27.Lamium album.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. bush basil nettle orpine 4. 62. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lilac 70. Origanum majorana. winter savory 32.Hyssopus officinalis. piney 44.Symphytum officinale.Reseda luteola. germander 43.Artemisia absinthium. green. 58. crimson creeping thyme 18. scented.Alchemilla vulgaris. houseleek Lenten rose 11. orris 57. 'Albus'. 59. dwarf edging box 21. yew Beauty'.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 56.Arisaema dracontium.Taxus.Pyrus communis. thrift 41. florentina.Thymus praecox subsp. Chamaemelum nobile. daffodil 17.Isatis tinctoria. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Artemisia camphorata. blue hyssop 42.Origanum onites. alpine 60.Syringa.Sium sisarum.Sempervivum tectorum.Thymus praecox subsp. pot bergamot marjoram 7. sweet European ginger cicely 3. 67. blue 50. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. sweet woodruff45. 55. 48. Graham.Armeria maritima. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. lady's-mantle 46.Thymus praecox subsp.Valeriana officinalis. gray 37. rue 23. masterwort 69.Helleborus niger.Santolina chamaecyparissus. southernwood 2. 1. white dead 49. valerian 6. Dianthus caryophyllus.Asclepias tuberosa.Stachys byzantina. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Perillafrutescens.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.63. skirret 53. lamb's-ears 33.Lavandula dentata. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. Pelargonium in variety. butterfly weed35.Vitis.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.

on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. include this one. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. At the top of the steps. The brick edging around each bed is a help. They are small specialty beds. The large. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. pink. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. rising from the courtyard. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. In addition to the brick edging around each. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. If there is room for only one rambler rose. However. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. < previous page page_56 next page > . Rosa 'Albertine'.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. with buds of red. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. but no panacea for the maintenance required. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant.

< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Rheum rhabarbarum. garden sage 40. rhubarb 2. tansy Bois'. lavender 4. 22. Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana. bush basil 43. angelica 20. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. subsp. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. 1.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. caraway 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. winter savory 41. lemon balm 42. Angelica archangelica. 23.Melissa officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus. Carum carvi.Tanacetum vulgare.Borago officinalis. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. alpine strawberry 3. English thyme . foxglove 39. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.

rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 31. muscosa 15.Chenopodium 55.R. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. musk rose 12.6.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. centifolia var. bourbon rose 10. Consolida ambigua. 56.R.Calendula officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Chrysanthemum 46. 35.Tagetes filifolia.R. French 33.Pelargonium.R.Chrysanthemum.Salvia elegans. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Petroselinum crispum var.'Albertine'. sweet 37.Mentha × piperita var. Hyssopus officinalis.Laurus nobilis.Allium schoenoprasum.R. 54. marguerite chive 9.Aloysia triphylla. pot 50. Irish-lace 48. centifolia 'Cristata'. Pelargonium graveolens. 29. 45.Origanum majorana.Marrubium vulgare.Satureja hortensis.'Baronne Prevost'. blue hyssop 25. borboniana 'La Reine 14. curly parsley 26. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.R.R. French'. var.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Anethum graveolens 47. 49. pineapple34. prostrate rosemary 16. Mexican tea 18. citrata. rose 28.Lavandula dentata.Dianthus Victoria'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. geranium in 30. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. thyme frutescens. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.sativa.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. clove pink Mammoth'.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. salad 7. cheddar pink 53. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. centifolia. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .R. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. 36.Teucrium chamaedrys. silver 27.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 51.

this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. as it should be. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. < previous page page_58 next page > . A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Balance is augmented. It is near the house. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. too. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Laid in an unusual pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

24. English thyme signet marigold 11. white creeping thyme 4. blue hyssop 13. English'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. 23.Santolina virens. 16. A. sweet basil 14.Heliotropium arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive lemon verbena 6. rosemary yellow viola 10.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. arcticus 'Albus'. dwarf edging box 8. heliotrope 3.Myosotis sylvatica.Aloysia triphylla.S. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Origanum majorana. Landscape Architect.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.L. dill 9.Ocimum basilicum.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 17.Satureja hortensis. green 22.Lucile Teeter Kissack. The number in each planting area is the key number.Anethum graveolens. 20.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. lavender 2. 21.Hyssopus officinalis. 1.Salvia officinalis. gray 15.Poterium sanguisorba. 19. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . Rosmarinus officinalis.A. double white peony 5.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Allium schoenoprasum. santolina moss rose 7.

Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. too. and a comfortable. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. the fence with roses. winter pruned. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The grape vines. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. Herbs. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. < previous page page_60 next page > . A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. potted lemon verbena.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and the grape arbor.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Aloysia triphylla. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Iris cristata. Althaea officinalis. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. lemon Linum perenne. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Stachys byzantina. conical yew rosemary 1. lovage Myrrhis odorata. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. BED II germander BED IV 2. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. sweet climbing rose. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. purple variegated garden sage 4. Galium odoratum. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Teucrium chamaedrys. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'.Amsonia tabernaemontana.Connecticut Vera Breed. three. Valeriana officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. marsh climbing rose. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. 3. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Nepeta mussinii.

Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Sempervivum. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. plume Baptisia australis. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Thymus. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lemon Anemone hybrida. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. beach Marrubium vulgare. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Delphinium × belladonna.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. creeping thyme in variety 8. catmint 5. lemon thyme 9. Rosmarinus officinalis. houseleek in variety 7. tuberosa 6. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 10. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Chamaemelum nobile. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. fairy rose Giant'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > .

Herbs. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . this was replaced with ''edging" box. Later. Either it flourished too well. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. magnolia. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. silver. myrtle. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. planted in bands across these beds. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Ivy. its detail is shown below. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. blue green. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. and bright green in the herb beds. holly. Another angle could be tried with these. tend to broaden the width of the garden. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. if desired. grew too large.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 'Minimum'. dwarf 21.Buxus sempervirens 14. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Rumex scutatus. Ruta graveolens.Magnolia grandiflora. bush basil albula. 44.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium × nervosum. Borago officinalis. lemon 29.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hedera helix.Satureja montana. English ivy burnet 10.Laurus nobilis. French 27. lemon 46.Tanacetum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. purple basil savory 35. Ocimum basilicum 22. lamb's. English'. lovage 48.Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme chamomile 2.Mentha spicata. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Poterium sanguisorba. horehound germander 17. French thyme 39. sweet 34. box chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia. gray santolina 15.Ilex opaca. arcticus 'Albus'.Origanum majorana. American holly 31. 33. winter 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. white creeping thyme 41.Thymus praecox subsp. ears rose geranium 3.Mentha suaveolens. dwarf edging box 11. 49. bayberry balm thyme 13.Monarda didyma. thyme 38. 25. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . Tropaeolum minus.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus herba-barona.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus doerfleri. salad 43. purple garden sage 7.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Artemisia abrotanum. caraway thyme 40.Chamaemelum nobile.Myrica pensylvanica. spearmint 42. rue 20. 6.Vinca minor. lime geranium 4.Thymus praecox subsp. bay rosemary 12.19. tansy 45. silver-king artemisia 23.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. sweet woodruff 36. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. woolly thyme 8. Stachys byzantina. myrtle 47. thyme 37.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 28. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus carnosus.Pelargonium fragrans. 1. Ocimum basilicum 24.Levisticum officinale.Teucrium chamaedrys. borage 26. bee balm30. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Pelargonium graveolens.Galium odoratum.

brick. too. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. < previous page page_64 next page > .< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and treessome of which are espaliered. accent this prime focal point even more. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The use of flagstone. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. There is variety in the walks. The four potted bay. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Laurus nobilis. potted shrubs. adding to the space for walking. standards. maypoles. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. It is a large garden. It is located for the best viewing. too.

< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 26.P. 49.P. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. musty oakscented geranium 5.P. Thymus × citriodorus.Chrysanthemum balsamita. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.50. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .quercifolium.P. love-in. 51. fragrans. lemon 29. winter 27. 1. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 25.Nigella damascena.acerifolium. wild 28.Viola tricolor.53. Johnny-jump.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. pot 52.Chenopodium botrys.P. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.odoratissimum. Satureja montana.Calendula officinalis. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.

Thymus serpyllum.72.Monarda didyma.Tanacetum vulgare var.Aloysia triphylla.Malus. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lemon 65. 64. crowfoot 70. chamomile 8.Origanum dictamnus.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. bee balm 63. rosemary 9.Poncirus trifoliata.Fragaria vesca.P. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. French tarragon Rose'.Forsythia.P. glutinosum. lime geranium 55. 58.P.P.Achilleafilipendula.Allium schoenoprasum. lettuce 39. graveolens. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Artemisia abrotanum.P.Petroselinum crispum.Myrtus communis.Marrubium vulgare. golden lemon thyme 7. Chamaemelum nobile. lemon geranium 56.P. crispum.P.Salvia officinalis. 62. English lavender 32. horehound 46. camphor-scented geranium 69. bronze 38. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Livingston'. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Mentha. crispum 'Minor'.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Artemisia dracunculus var. tomentosum. fern-leaf 60. wild thyme 31.Pelargonium crispum. forsythia 'Albus'. pheasant's.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. lemon-rose geranium 22.Mentha pulegium. orange geranium 23. lemon balm 45. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .P.Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia caerulea.P. fern-leaf 'Nana'. parsley 35.P.Lavandula angustifolia. blue hyssop 10.Viola odorata.Acorus calamus. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Melissa officinalis.× nervosum. cherry tomato chive 17. Rosmarinus officinalis.P. arcticus43.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.P. classic 21. garden sage 54. radens 'Dr. lemon southernwood geranium 34. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.6. 71.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. rose geranium66. radens. lemon geranium 33. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Anethum graveolens. salad 42.Levisticum officinale. lettuce 40.Origanum majorana. denticulatum 11. sweet 37.Malus angustifolia. pine crispum. 61. dill 36.Allium senescens var. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. lemon 47. sweet flag 16. strawberry 48. 44. 57.Poterium sanguisorba. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. Hyssopus officinalis. box 19. bay 20.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. 41.Laurus nobilis. peppermint 67.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. denticulatum. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.P.

green santolina. too. < previous page page_66 next page > . Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This is a large garden by any standard.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. In keeping with this feeling. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. and Allium karataviense. The result is one of sculptured elegance.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

French tarragon schoenoprasum. lemon 11.Thymus × citriodorus. Mentha suaveolens.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium moly.Allium christophii.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Liriope muscari. Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia frigida. wormwood fennel 2. apple mint 13.Salvia officinalis. green santolina 14. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. gray 10. 8. fringed 7. Santolina virens. 15. garden sage 18. 1.Satureja montana.Allium sativa.Salvia officinalis. dwarf garden 17. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . arcticus. blue hyssop 16. winter savory 9. big blue lilyturf 12. Baker.Hyssopus officinalis. chive 4.Florence B. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Levisticum officinale.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the circle. Many herb gardens could provide this. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. for the box after new spring growth. < previous page page_70 next page > . Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the upper deck. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. the square. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. and the front porch of the house.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

chamomile 2. winter savory 4.Satureja montana.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Cupressus sempervirens.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Chamaemelum nobile. lemon 8. lavender 5. viola 3. dwarf myrtle 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.The number in each planting area is the key number.Cedrus deodara. Italian cypress 9. dwarf edging box 7. 1.

< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Paths are gravel. as it was with this plan. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Roses. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. from Peter Coats. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Coin with Tudor rose design.. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

parsley 29. sweet marjoram 3. sweet violet 6. rue 33. 25. lemon balm 31. lettuce 28. Chamaemelum nobile. pot marigold 15. saffron lily crocus 12.Crocus sativus. Eryngium maritimum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.Crithmum maritimum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. Malva sylvestris. monkshood27.Aconitum napellus. Foeniculum vulgare.Melissa officinalis.Calendula officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Mentha × piperita. Origanum majorana.Carum carvi.Primula vulgaris.Myrtus communis.Bellis perennis. rosemary 16. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . Madonna 23. chamomile 4.Lilium candidum.Lactuca sativa. mallow 13. wild thyme 5.Anemone pulsatilla. fennel 21. Hyssopus officinalis. 34.Buxus sempervirens.Fumaria officinalis. 19.Viola tricolor.Viola odorata. yellow flag 26. absinthe peppermint 8. classic myrtle 18.Satureja montana. Dianthus caryophyllus. oxlip 17. spearmint 30. blue hyssop 2. 1. 22. earth 24. salad burnet 10. English daisy 36.Mentha spicata.Petroselinum crispum. caraway 35.Fragaria vesca. winter 32. clove20. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Ruta graveolens. Thymus serpyllum.Primula elatior. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Iris pseudacorus.The number in each planting area is the key number.

white blooms and woolly. along with a measure of fragrance. but Always Love. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > .< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. Selected for this reason. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance." Concrete blocks. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. its tufted. plumed. white. silver mound. most of the blooms are nightscented. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. spurred. However.

Lilium candidum. petunia 30.Marrubiam vulgare.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Stachys byzantina.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. white . rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. 1. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. lamb's. horehound 2. sweet 31.Galanthus nivalis. Thymus 'Argenteus'. silver 16.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum.Dictamnus albus. white 32.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. 'Albus'. pink 15.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.19. 17. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. silver mound artemisia 3. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.

rose 40. albula.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. sweet violet 20.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. rose 41. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Chrysanthemum parthenium. beach mugwort wormwood 9. daffodil 35. Adam's.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. clary 24.Ipomoea alba.Matthiola incana.Artemisia ludoviciana var.21. tulip 37. 26.Artemisia ludoviciana.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Hesperis matronalis. orris 8. tuberose 36.Malus 'Guiding Star'. white 22. white stock absinthe 10. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Rosa 'Cinderella'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . Artemisia absinthium.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. Yucca filamentosa. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. western mugwort 7. moonflower 39. Viola odorata. needle florentina. dame's honesty rocket 14.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. white 27. tulip 38. Artemisia lactiflora. lavender 12.Artemisia stellerana.Lunaria annua.Iris × germanica var.Convallaria majalis. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. 25.Polianthes tuberosa. 28.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 23.6.Salvia sclarea.

required their use as an educational adjunct.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too. related to an old mill reconstruction. < previous page page_76 next page > . textures. Many of these herbs lack the hues. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Rather. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. This herb garden. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

Polygonum hydropiperoides. Musa textilis. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . fuller's 30. garden 56. 34.Berberis vulgaris. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. saffron crocus marguerite 3. 22.Indigofera tinctoria.Isatis tinctoria. dyer's 31.Carthamus tinctorius.Filipendula ulmaria. 1. ramie 24. 28.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 32. weld 57. 39.Hydrastis canadensis.Agrimonia eupatoria. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. woad Susan laevifolium. queen.Galium verum.Sanguinaria canadensis.Mahonia aquifolium. 26. 37.Chelidonium majus.Cotinus coggygria. 35.Rumex obtusifolius. goldthread 41. yellow 55. flax 21.38.Coptis trifolia. 47. Gossypium hirsutum. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Ligustrum vulgare.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Morus rubra or alba.Rhus typhina.Phytolacca americana. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 43.Rudbeckia hirta. Agave sisalana. African 45. French 33.Tagetes erecta. sisal 27.Hypericum perforatum. 48. alkanet 52. Abutilon theophrasti. Linum usitatissimum. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Urtica dioica. dyer's broom safflower 6. onion China jute 4. black-eyed 50. stinging nettle44.Allium cepa. madder 54.Solidago species. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. 53.Rumex acetosa.Viburnum acerifolium. broad 42.46. Manila 25. St.Tagetes patula. sumac poke 17.Crocus sativus.Coreopsis tinctoria.Pteridium aquilinum. privet marigold 15.Anchusa officinalis. golden 40. Sansevieria trifasciata.Cytisus scoparius. peach bracken sorrel 19. Scotch broom hemp 7.Dipsacus sativus.Parmelia conspersa.Genista tinctoria.Convallaria majalis. Hibiscus cannabinus.Genista germanica. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Furcraea hexapetala. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. 23.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi..Anthemis tinctoria. Boehmeria nivea. sweet 49.Galium odoratum. lily.Rubia tinctorum.Reseda luteola.Prunus persica. 29.Cladrastis lutea.51.Monarda didyma. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. 20. blueberry 13. Agave fourcroydes. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. bee 36.

at each end of the garden and at each entrance. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. A totally appealing edging. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. < previous page page_78 next page > . There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. as well as the roses. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Elsewhere. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'Belle Amour' 6. 'Marie Pavic' 8. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Seven Sisters'. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 24. cl. cl.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 25. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. rambler 19. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. cl. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Sombreuil'. 'Mignonette' 5. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Alfred de Rougemont'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 23. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Legras de St. 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'White Rose of York' 3. 22. cl. 1. 'American Pillar'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . rambler 20. 18. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'.

< previous page page_80 next page > . This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. Circles and angles provide interest. The notch of four square feet. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

crispum 'Banquet'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.A. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lycopersicum var. Boerner.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. annuum 'Nosegay'. 27. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. cherry tomato 34. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.A. 30. C. kohlrabi Rock'.C. annuum 'Black Prince'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.Apium graveolens var. oleracea 'Green Parade'.L.B. celery Group. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.C. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.B. 25. annuum 'Teno'.Cichorium intybus.A.L. sprouts celery 8. curly eggplant parsley 23. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.Solanum melongena var.A. shallot Lakes'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. oleracea 'Prima'. C. cepa Proliferum Group.B.S. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. annuum 'Red Boy'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. chive 42. pear Purple Vienna'.B. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. 28. dulce 50. C. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.C. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.annuum 'Floral Gem'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. 39. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. graveolens var. tuberosum.B. 40. celery I 31. 32.sativa 'Ruby'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. C. schoenoprasum. giant garlic var. annuum 'Variegata'.B. red-flowered kale 6.B. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. C. Beauty'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.B. annuum 'Mosaic'.A.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. white-flowered kale 49.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. 24. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. celery Bed 9. 22. Capsicum annuum var.A. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. leek 5.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. graveolens 'French Dinant'.A.B. 45. graveolens var. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. eggplant 43. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. dulce 'Utah 5270'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.C. melongena 1. annuum 'Fips'. dulce 47. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .B.C. C. scorodoprasum.C. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.A. melongena 2.S. garlic chive 44. graveolens var. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.B. red 38. oleracea 'Red Acre'. red 37. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. ruby swiss chard var. annuum 'Golden Bell'. C. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. 26. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. 29. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.esculentum 'Long Black'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.A.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. Petroselinum crispum var. 48. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.

the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. for each is a complete entity. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. When viewed from the terrace above. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. and golden thyme. arcs. winter savory. All of the circles. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

Thymus 'Clear Gold'. graveolens. lime geranium Rose'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 15. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Assoc. crispum 'French Lace.P.P.Myrica pensylvanica.A. 29. Livingston'. lemon geranium 22.P. 19.P.Melissa R. The number in each planting area is the key number.P.P. A.P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.S. germander crowfoot geranium 21.. grossularioides. gooseberry geranium 24. rose-scented geranium 4.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. crispum.× nervosum. golden 11. Santolina virens. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. odoratissimum.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. Teucrium chamaedrys.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.L. Landscape Architect. apricot geranium28. P.' lemon geranium 23. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. inkberry geranium 9. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. orange geranium 8. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P.P. × nervosum 'Torento'. × domesticum 6. 1. P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. Satureja montana. maple-leaved 18.P. peppermint 26. 12. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P. Marshall. scabrum. green 14. acerifolium. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .Ilex glabra.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. P. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P. oak-leaved geranium 16. tomentosum. 17. pungent-scented geranium 25. winter 13.P. radens 'Dr.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. rose geranium 27.

One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. on page 37.Santolina virens. and growth to the plants of the knot design. blue hyssop 3. To ease the care for a more complicated design. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. Maintenance is high for a knot. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. filled with plants that have contrasting color. was planted using edging box only.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. texture. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Lavandula angustifolia. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. especially when it is blooming.Hyssopus officinalis. sand. 1. Its interspaces can be mulched. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. or marble chips. For ease of maintenance this same knot design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. which is framed with a brick edging. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. . closed knot design. For the knot to look its best at all times. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. such as a dwarf edging box. English lavender 2. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual.

Santolina virens. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . dwarf edging box 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 1. gray santolina 3.Thymus praecox subsp.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. green santolina 2.

the height of the edging. 8. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. herba-barona. Some maintenance is required for clipping.Thymus praecox subsp. which is found more often out in the open. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot.S.officinalis 'Tricolor'. fig 4. arcticus 'Albus'.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. lavender Japanese barberry 5.T. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.T.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. which are confined to that area. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. In another departure from the usual. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. caraway thyme 9. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. purple variegated 11. The knot material is maintained at six inches. 'Munstead'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. white 7. Teucrium chamaedrys. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. variegated garden sage . creeping thymes. 1. praecox subsp. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. American germander 3. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium canadense. gray santolina 2. lavender .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. germander . Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.

Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.

again laid on edge. each one a quarter-circle. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. adding another facet to an appealing design. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. a complement for the colors of the plant material. which are also laid on edge. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. < previous page page_88 next page > . a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. pleasing color.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. lavender 9. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Artemisia arborescens. 17.Lavandula dentata var. 16. woolly yarrow 23. French lavender 3. silver horehound 19.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Crithmum maritimum. candicans. dwarf 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Anthemis marschalliana. Russian sage 24. golden marguerite 25. 1. angustifolia 'Rosea'. silver thyme 6.Teucrium fruticans.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. curry plant 7. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Helichrysum angustifolium. dwarf gray santolina 20.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. glaucum 11. samphire14.The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina neapolitana 10. silver sage 15.Salvia clevelandii. 18. tree artemisia 26.Anthemis tinctoria. lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia argentea. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Marrubium incanum.Allium senescens var.Leontopodium alpinum.Stachys byzantina. rue 21. gray santolina 2. blue sage 13. tree germander 22.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia frigida.

oregano. are without number. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. lady's-mantle. thyme. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. If one is familiar with herbs. sweet marjoram. The color of the container plays a lesser role. < previous page page_90 next page > . For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. and the savories. As with other plant material. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. which include hanging baskets. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. Some are rosemary. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. basil. Styles of containers.

< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.

Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > .

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

LandscapeArchitect. < previous page page_95 next page > . Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. However. Of course supervision is necessary. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.A.S. A. If children's interest is not sustained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.L.

Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. < previous page page_96 next page > . Children in this age group can help with the construction. too. These are ''old roses. Just keep a garden design for children simple. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Instead of benches on the patio. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. they are easily handpicked." selected for their greater fragrance. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area.

. Landscape Architect.A. A.S.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L.

1. 16.Anethum graveolens. dill pennyroyal 11. Italian parsley 23. pot marigold 8. American 21. garlic chive 29. alpine strawberry 3. ophioscorodon. southernwood 5.Allium tuberosum.Petroselinum crispum var. dwarf 6. Dianthus plumarius. borage 15.Allium senescens var. love-in-a-mist 14.Marrubium vulgare. lovage 12. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. summer savory 22.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Nepeta cataria.Origanum majorana. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. 20. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Chenopodium botrys.rocambole 28. cottage pink 18.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja hortensis. garden sage 24. damask rose 32. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. ambrosia 2. catnip 27. English lavender 4. glaucum 31. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 19.Hedeoma pulegioides. English lavender 7. Nigella damascena. Levisticum officinale.Rosa damascena. clary 25.Artemisia abrotanum.Tropaeolum minus.Allium sativum var.Lavandula angustifolia.Isatis tinctoria. Borago officinalis.Salvia sclarea.Rosa gallica. neapolitanum. 13. crispum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lily leek 30.Allium moly.Artemisia camphorata. dyer's bush basil woad 9. horehound 26.Calendula officinalis.Salvia officinalis. Petroselinum crispum var.

The design is a medley of shapes and textures. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. not noted on the plan. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. previously used as a skating rink. are a seal and a turtle. The oval. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The sculptures. All are inviting to the touch. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. < previous page page_98 next page > . A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged.

. Landscape Architect. F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R.A.A.

lousewort Viola canina. Trifolium pratense. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. Nepeta cataria. fleabane Stellaria.Hedeoma pulegioides. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. Greek Stachys byzantina. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. chamomile Mentha. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. mint Tagetes. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. Allium schoenoprasum. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. Foeniculum vulgare. marigold Salvia officinalis. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. coltsfoot Mimulus. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. winter savory Mentha. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. cowslip Linaria. bee balm Satureja montana. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. duckweed Antennaria. mint Galium odoratum. tansy Monarda didyma. fat-hen Primula veris. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. borage Tanacetum vulgare. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. English Tussilago farfara. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. bee orchid Erigeron. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. dog violet Lemna. chive dandelion Allium sativum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. sweet Artemisia abrotanum.

a mint. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. feverfew. Its plant list. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Instead. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. for an old barn foundation of stone. Still. Their height eases the task of weeding. developed particularly for study. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A number of wooden window frames.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. and old barn beams another about the same height. are superb for displaying potted herbs. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Here. its wooden structure long gone. an exceedingly long one. it is a most satisfying growing situation. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. < previous page page_101 next page > .

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

Viola tricolor. 66.Teucrium chamaedrys. golden variegated garden sage 86. silver thyme 105. richardii subsp. celandine madder 79.Geranium robertianum.Valeriana officinalis. dyer's woodruff broom 3. golden marjoram 26. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Galium odoratum. × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis. absinthium. 'Purpurascens'. sweet violet 40. odorous thyme 104.Artemisia dracunculus var. rue 83. 64. wormwood germander 9. absinthe 51. pontica. 'Clear Gold'. 1. rampion 81.-John'swort 91. 62. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. nitidus. rose costmary campion 23. crimson creeping thyme 96. 60.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.A.P.Rubia tinctorum. 50.A.A.Lychnis coronaria. onites.P.Tanacetum vulgare var.Sium sisarum. southernwood ground cherry 10.O.M.Alchemilla vulgaris.Angelica archangelica.Hypericum perforatum. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Monarda didyma.Chelidonium majus. 48. officinalis 'Aurea'.Digitalis lanata.Campanula rapunculus. plantain 80. 45. garden sage 84. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. bee balm lovage 20. caraway thyme 103.Pelargonium crispum.S.T.T. praecox subsp.Plantago major. betony 92. pallasianus. fern-leaf tansy 95.Lavandula angustifolia. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.O. balm horehound 14. southernwood houseleek 12. woolly thyme 101. marsh mallow 13.O.T. rose sativa.Nepeta mussinii. foxglove 2.T. catmint 63.Thymus praecox subsp. officinalis 'Purpurea'.49.Ocimum basilicum.Achillea millefolium. stellerana. viper's 65. winter savory 88.Euphorbia cyparissias. angelica lemon geranium 5. sweet cicely 94. graveolens. lemon verbena 106. sweet 53. Grecian 59.P. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Marrubium vulgare. basilicum 56. majorana.S. golden thyme 98. arcticus 'Albus'.Myrrhis odorata. apple wormwood geranium 8. 43.Levisticum officinale. skirret 90.Aloysia triphylla. camphorata. calamint valerian 24.Asarum canadense.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. mosquito plant 19. sweet celandine marjoram 28. pot marjoram bugloss 27. Roman 46.Poterium sanguisorba. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.T.Stachys officinalis. odoratissimum. St. basil blue hyssop 15. praecox subsp.T.Agastache cana. sweet 41. 54.Calamintha grandiflora. yarrow herb Robert 4. beach 47. rosemary 82. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Physalis heterophylla. creeping veronica .Calendula officinalis.T.O. 55. variegated garden sage 87. lemon 52.Rosmarinus officinalis. herba-barona.Agastache foeniculum.Veronica serpyllifolia. didyma 'Rosea'. purple variegated garden sage 85. crispum. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Ranunculus ficaria. arcticus 'Coccineus'. thyme 102. 44.Echium vulgare. purple basil English lavender 18.Digitalis purpurea. abrotanum.Althaea officinalis. 61. golden lemon thyme 99.Genista tinctoria.Sempervivum tectorum.A.Salvia officinalis.Satureja montana. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.A. white creeping thyme 97. 42. basilicum 'Minimum'.T. pot marigold 25.Ruta graveolens.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Viola odorata.Pulmonaria officinalis. alpine savory 89.Stachys grandifora 93.Melissa officinalis.O. lemon thyme 100. lesser 67.Campanula persicifolia. pink 58. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.S.A. tomentosum.Acinos alpinus. French tarragon geranium 7. bee balm57.T 'Argenteus'. camphor.

Lysimachia vulgaris.M.Primula veris. dyer's woad 110.Mentha suaveolens. blattaria.M. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.A. chicory 70.Myrtus communis. × gentilis. orach115. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Laurus nobilis.cepa.Yucca filamentosa.Veronica officinalis.M. orange mint 32. red mint comfrey 33. chervil 68. chamomile 30.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Helichrysum angustifolium. 71. apple mint 69. pin cherry 39. yucca 109.Chamaemelum nobile.Cichorium intybus. wild 116. ostrowskianum 34.Chrysanthemum 74. pineapple mint 31.29.Prunus pensylvanica. 76.Chrysanthemum 78. curry plant mullein 35. Madonna lily leucanthemum. Proliferum Group. 73.Symphytum officinale. evening 77. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Lilium candidum. 114.Oenothera biennis. tree onion 112.Isatis tinctoria. cowslip 72.V. garlic 111.Anthriscus cerefolium.A. veronica 108.Dianthus plumarius 75. spicata.Verbascum thapsus. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Origanum dictamnus. feverfew cinerariifolium. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Allium sativum. moth 113. × piperita var.Atriplex hortensis. citrata. oxeye daisy mullein 36.M.Sorbaria sorbifolia. spearmint 107. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Origanum vulgare.

not just hiding it. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. Francis.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. A wheelshaped bed. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. but not obvious. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. A statue of St. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. its outline constructed of brick. < previous page page_104 next page > . of good proportion for the size of the opening. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. AREA VI japonica. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. cat Watsonia rosea.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. AREA IV Ixia maculata. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Eriobotrya japonica. white Justicia carnea. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. poet's Solidago californica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. Sidney Ephedra viridis. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. Vetiveria zizanioides. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Cestrum nocturnum. labdanum Cistus crispus. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Eleocharis dulcis. loquat Cichorium intybus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. menthifolia. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. potato Brassica eruca. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. lion's-ear prismaticum. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. California lilac Origanum vulgare var.

Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. is a center of interest. or potpourri. One is a garden of legends. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. scented-leaf geraniums. another a Mary garden. but also for proper leaf size. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. to name a few. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. an "old rose" and fragrant. The exterior brick path. and a third a culinary garden. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. < previous page page_106 next page > .< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. not only for hardiness where needed. emphasizes the circle.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Mentha spicata.Ruta graveolens. garden up sage 10. Chamaemelum nobile. lady's.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. saffron crocus marigold 7.Hedera helix.Salvia officinalis. pyrethrum 5. chive bedstraw 16. sweet marjoram basil 12. Anethum graveolens.20. hyssop rose 9.The number in each planting area is the key number. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . dill 11. 1.Ornithogalum umbellatum. Hyssopus officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. absinthe 4.19. angelica 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. black 23. flax 17. Artemisia absinthium.Origanum majorana. costmary 6.Narcissus mustard 14.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. English thyme 13.Galium verum. yellow 25. white dead 24. chamomile 3.Brassica nigra. sweet 21. spearmint 22. rue 28.Allium schoenoprasum. blue 18.Ocimum basilicum. Viola tricolor.Crocus sativus.Alchemilla vulgaris. English ivy rosemary 8. Johnny-jump. Linum usitatissimum. 27.Calendula officinalis. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Angelica archangelica.Lamium album. Chrysanthemum balsamita. pot 26.

this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. < previous page page_108 next page > . The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path.

lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. Cotinus coggygria. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. clove Marrubium vulgare. Russian 'Prostratus'. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. beach Monarda didyma. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . perennial flax Galium odoratum. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Artemisia absinthium. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. thyme Cnicus benedictus. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. rue Malva alcea var. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. sweet Myrtus communis. blue Lamium maculatum.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. fastigiata. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. peppermint Laurus nobilis. Myrrhis odorata. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. lemon balm Mentha spicata. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita.

the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. millstones. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. Appropriately used as accents. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. The generous use of edgings. too. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. simply on a smaller scale. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. features a closed knot of superior design. This is a general rule observed. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. Viewed from the terrace garden. < previous page page_110 next page > . and huge.

Routine clipping is required. and the mulch. has its size dictated by a rule of design. of greater size than is commonly found.Hyssopus officinalis. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. that of good proportion. gray santolina 7. The number in each planting area is the key number. Design plan of herb garden 1.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. lavender 5. Landscape Architect. germander 2. cheddar pink 4. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Teucrium chamaedrys. green santolina 6. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 'Tiny Rubies'. dwarf box . Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.S.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. six feet in diameter.A.L. A.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. blue hyssop 3.

fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. beach plum Corylus avellana. quince Magnolia virginiana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. dogwood Pinus nigra. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. plum Prunus maritima. box Calycanthus fioridus. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. box Myrica pensylvanica. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. japonica. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. honey locust Cornus florida. goat willow Sassafras albidum. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. black haw Prunus americana. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. shadbush Salix caprea. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.

'Argenteus'. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. As a rule. Rosmarinus. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. praecox subsp. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. doerfleri T. silver thyme T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. arcticus 'Rosea' T. praecox subsp. 'Annie Hall' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Salvia. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. However. its plant material varied. arcticus T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Currently. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. Lavandula. caraway thyme T. and a miscellany of others. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Doone Valley' . herba-barona. leucotrichus T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden.

nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. praecox subsp. ramie . officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia subsp. heterophylla. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. 'Clear Gold'. greggii. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia subsp. praecox subsp. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Prostratus' R.T. angustissimus. English lavender L. dentata. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. pine-scented rosemary R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. purple variegated garden sage S. angustifolia subsp. blue sage S. angustifolia. crimson creeping thyme T. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. golden variegated sage S. arcticus 'Coccineus'. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. involucrata. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. sweet lavender L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. guaranitica. golden rosemary R. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. vulgaris 'Albus' T. leucantha. angustifolia subsp. golden thyme T. autumn sage S. anise sage S. tree germander Boehmaria nivea.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. culinary. Prunella vulgaris. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. obedient plant. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . family needsmedicinal. Primarily. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. to lure bees. Cheloneglabra. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. L. Hesperis matronalis. Circumstances determined these priorities. The apple trees. to sweeten the air. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Physostegia virginiana. used in salads or boiled. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. a well beside the house. Smith. Sium sisarum. balmony. constructed of brick made on the property. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Herniaria glabra. rupturewort. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. which were located between the water supply. Equisetum arvense. for scrubbing pots. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. horsetail. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. The house.

and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. too. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. for a few are in use now. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. < previous page page_116 next page > . too.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. while functional. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Today. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Banksia rose 14. wisteria 13.Allium sativum.Ficus carica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. fig 6. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lagerstroemia indica. Cape jasmine 10. 1.Laurus nobilis. trumpet 11.Pinus taeda.Syringa × persica var.Malus angustifolia.Rosa banksiae. pomegranate 3. bay 7. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . 16.Punica granatum. garlic 9.Lonicera flava. 15. southern laciniata. Gardenia jasminoides. yellow 12.Rosmarinus officinalis.Sambucus canadensis.Lonicera sempervirens. rosemary 2.Prunus angustifolia. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Wisteria frutescens.

The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The effect would be quite different without them. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. < previous page page_118 next page > . Appropriately. too. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Italy. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Asarum virginicum.Colchicum autumnale.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. 1. gray santolina witch hazel 11. hyssop sassafras 20. myrtle 53. sweet shrub 10.Nepeta cataria.Populus balsamifera. dogwood horehound 18. 66. 43. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pinckneya pubens. agrimony 58. St. 54.Asclepias tuberosa.Elizabeth Lawrence. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. 55. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Digitalis purpurea. saffron crocus 25. sweet 64.Symphytum officinale.Mentha spicata. 30. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. 63. lemon 26. senna woodruff 15. box chamomile 9.Ocimum basilicum. 37. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. rue 56. lovage 35.Artemisia dracunculus var.Punica granatum.Foeniculum vulgare. butterfly 32. horsemint lobelia 23.Gaultheria procumbens.Lonicera sempervirens.Chamaemelum nobile.Paeonia officinalis.Galium odoratum. catnip 34.Hypericum perforatum.Rubus allegheniensis. 70.Agrimonia eupatoria.Melissa officinalis.Crocus sativus. 45. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Mentha pulegium. clove 36. yarrow lungwort 22.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 38. fennel 40.Achillea millefolium.Ilex vomitoria. sweet 27.Tanacetum vulgare.Borago officinalis.Cassia marilandica.Hyssopus officinalis. peppermint 52. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Acorus calamus.Anethum graveolens. wild ginger69. American holly 16.Laurus nobilis. 60. pot 48.Levisticum officinale. 68.Mentha × piperita. 61.Armoracia rusticana.Teucrium chamaedrys.Eupatorium perfoliatum. foxglove 41. sweet flag marigold 24. dill 39.Marrubium vulgare. spearmint 62.Calendula officinalis.Hamamelis virginiana.Rosa laevigata.Monarda didyma.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 33. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. blue 44. 42.Chimaphila umbellata. black 29.Cimicifuga racemosa.Cornus florida. bee balm 28. 50. fuller's teasel 67.Dipsacus sativus.Ilex opaca.Sassafras albidum. blue 46.Calycanthus fioridus. balm autumn crocus 2. trumpet honeysuckle 4.57. garden sage 59.Lindera benzoin. borage 31. yellow-root 7. mullein 49.Dianthus caryophyllus.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. sativa. basil chive 3.Lilium candidum. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Vinca minor.Artemisia abrotanum. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . tansy 65. peony 51.Ruta graveolens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Buxus sempervirens. great 47.Lavandula angustifolia.Salvia officinalis.Monarda punctata.Verbascum thapsus.Lobelia siphilitica.

This is true for the remedies. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. and fragrances they developed. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. preventives. In any event. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. < previous page page_120 next page > . toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. of herbs for one loaf of bread. of herbs per pound for meat loaf.

Monarda punctata.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Pyrus communis. pot marigold 2.Origanum majorana. apothecary's rose 22. Calendula officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. horsemint 20.Artemisia absinthium.Levisticum officinale.Mentha × piperita.Nepeta cataria.Carum carvi.Satureja montana. caraway 19.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. peppermint 18. 14. catnip 16. opium poppy 5. tansy 11. horehound 15.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet basil 13. absinthe 9. spearmint 17. English 10. garden sage 8. winter savory 4. quince 24.Viburnum prunifolium.Rosmarinus officinalis. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Marrubium vulgare.Cydonia oblonga. blue hyssop 21. black haw 23. English thyme rosemary 7.Papaver somniferum. sweet marjoram 6.Hyssopus officinalis. lavender lovage 3.Salvia officinalis. 1.Tanacetum vulgare. foxglove 12.Digitalis purpurea.

and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Some could be used singly. The beds are used to achieve balance. Thus it was for this garden. often it is reconstructed. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. centrally located. Allowed such freedom of expression. the other 1761. from early Moravian settlements.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. The main paths of brick unify the garden. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and bricks raise the beds. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and if the best has not always survived. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. < previous page page_122 next page > . its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. for example the large square bed with circular path. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. makes it something of a focal point. Shaded by hop vines. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. one dated 1759. to study it.

< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. . Landscape Architect.S. A.A.L. Campbell.

Tanacetum vulgare.Cercis canadensis.Narcissus poeticus.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Hydrangea quercifolia.Achillea millefolium. 68. hop southernwood 39.Marrubium vulgare.Bellis perennis. absinthe 45.Rosa damascena.Dianthus caryophyllus.Celosia cristata.Artemisia abrotanum.Crocus sativus. 66.Aquilegia vulgaris.Foeniculum vulgare. 62.Salvia sclarea.Humulus lupulus. asparagus 31.Chrysanthemum parthenium. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Asparagus officinalis. holy thistle 58. lovage 9.Artemisia vulgaris.Levisticum officinale. columbine 29.Ficus.Petroselinum crispum. garden sage 15.Passiflora incarnata. mugwort67. black cumin 46.Mentha spicata.Artemisia absinthium.Saponaria officinalis. caraway 72.Cornusflorida. hyssop maypop 42.Rosa eglanteria. marsh mallow 7.Rubia tinctorum.Origanum majorana. sweet 55.Narcissus tazetta.Rosa centifolia.Cnicus benedictus. horehound 56. clove 53.Nepeta cataria. redbud 24. garlic lungwort 36.Amaranthus caudatus.Rumex acetosa. balm chive 37. lemon 64. borage 5. catnip 70. saffron peppermint crocus 35. hollyhock 51. daisy crape myrtle 23.Pulmonaria officinalis.Nigella sativa. eglantine Group. French rose 18. grape larkspur 41.Salvia viridis. chamomile 17. blue 69. cabbage angustifolia.Althaea officinalis. 74.Matthiola incana. sweet 71.Anethum graveolens. tansy 6. comfrey 33. blessed thistle 8.Inula helenium. chestnut rose 43.Rosa moschata. dill 73.77. parsley 32. Madonna lily 59. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. madder 16. lavender rose 21. corn poppy 79.Armoracia rusticana. autumn crocus 34. yarrow 4.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Stachys officinalis. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . English thyme 2. 80.Silybum marianum.Lagerstroemia indica. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. rue 14.Symphytum officinale.Allium sativum.Salvia officinalis.Coriandrum sativum. rosemary49. damask coriander rose 19.Vitis.Consolida ambigua.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rhubarb 10.Alcea rosea. 81. orach 76. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Atriplex hortensis.Lilium candidum.Papaver rhoeas. 52. 54.Tropaeolum minus. 48. spearmint 57. betony 82.Mentha × piperita.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. Carolina jessamine 38. 1. stock 50.Gelsemium sempervirens. annual clary 3.Rosa gallica. fennel marjoram 28. virgin's bower 40.Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis. poet's narcissus 61.The number in each planting area is the key number. basil moss rose 44.Ruta graveolens.Rheum rhabarbarum.Rosmarinus officinalis. sorrel 65.Clematis virginiana. blue 63. clary 30. love. dwarf nasturtium 13.Colchicum autumnale. polyanthus narcissus 60.Tropaeolum majus. garden nasturtium 12. elecampane 11.Rosa roxburghii.Allium schoenoprasum.Carum carvi. red pepper 20.Borago officinalis. cockscomb 47.Chamaemelum nobile.Hyssopus officinalis. English 78.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Magnolia grandiflora.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Usually this is least desirable. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). The next most desirable exposure. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. First. Thus. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. A ravine and existing. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. it is proper to make a trial run. The lesser the scale. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. even boggy. Calluna (heather). What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Although some observations may seem obvious. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. This space was never adequate. far from the house. the western.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. and the north point is established. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded.

all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. It was a pleasurable assignment. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. and the search did not take long. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. single bed. There is the housegarage structure on one side. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. Culinary herbs will fill a large. but it need not be identical. Indeed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The general outline is similar. all four sides are so determined. 127 indicates.ground where drainage is better. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The outline is fixed. Then. < previous page page_126 next page > . and the property line on the last. certainly not precisely the same. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The. a driveway on still another. another is close to the rear of the house. as the drawing on p. The new herb garden has been located. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs.

a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. In fact. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. In addition. as in this case. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. then north. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. With the herb beds placed near the drying room.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If. something is amiss. this low wall will enclose the garden area. With the plan established. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. If all is well. Two drawings were required to work out problems. There was no . forming the outer boundary of the service path. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

eight.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. admittedly. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. a lapped joint was fashioned. However. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. this was. Before edgings could be put in place. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. and the finished edging would be effective. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In this area. the site required some leveling. . the eight-foot length was more practical. At corners. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. however. In this case. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. not one completed in a weekend. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. In the earlier stage of planning. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. A structural edging was in order. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. However.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Aged compost. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Heavy black plastic. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Weeds. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. sand. filling the beds with soil was next. had been proof of that. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Unfortunately. selected for its simplicity. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. This method of treatment now guarantees . The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. but there are exits to different levels. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. One is the ramp to the driveway. could serve this purpose. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. The pattern is running bond. A choice of five colors was available. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. for they will likely have more traffic. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The latter need to be more substantially paved. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. this same base underlies all the paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. leaves.

However. worth the added cost. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. on a trial run of one course of brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . even bed for the pavers. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber.

they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths. Herbs have flourished in the beds. In this instance. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. French drains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. for it would interfere with the drainage system. converging where it was logical to do so. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. and the steps to other levels. Sometimes called "rubble drains. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. the terraced area." their construction can be somewhat varied. .

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Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . and so on. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. Its arrow points north and.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. albula. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. in inches. sixteenths of an inch. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. a garden plan. E EllipseAn oval. often a wall or trellis. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. for example. not necessarily referable to botanical species. having a variety of gradations. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. for example. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. twelfths of an inch. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. is symmetrical. and so on. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. in tenths of an inch. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. casts the shadow for the hour. hundredths of an inch. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure.

GrindstoneMillstone. or colored earths. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. its compartments filled with flowers. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. turf. loose. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings.3). MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. ForthrightA straight course or path. a flat. G GazeboA freestanding. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. rounded fragments of rock. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone.brick) in the same course. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Pea gravelSmall. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. M ManufactoryA factory. roofed structure usually open on the sides. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. a patterned garden. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. Usually a few inches thick. heated especially by fermenting manure. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed.3. also called rubble drain. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. H Heart-pinePinus palustris.

Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.

StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. TreillageLatticework for vines. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. or steps. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. called also a hose cock. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. walls. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. ranking between species and variety. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Stone. W Wall. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. snug fit for walks. often planted with aromatic herbs. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. cutting. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. < previous page page_132 next page > . The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Turf seatBanked-up earth. V VarietyA category below species. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. R Rose. not treelike or with a single trunk.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity.

London: Adam and Charles Black. Batsford. H. London: Marshall Cavendish.: Buckeye Printing Co. and Garden. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1972. Dutton & Co. Edlin. Green Enchantment. Terrace. New York: Simon and Schuster. Darrah. and Louden. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Garden Design. 1902. Beston. New York: E. 1935. British Plants. Henry. New York: Hawthorne Books.: Geo. Charlotte. The Small Garden. Crowe. 1976. Gertrude B. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday.. Hortus Third. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 1980. Sylvia. New York: Viking Press.. Herbals. Aurora. Bardswell. 1966. Julia S. 1933. 1942. Carpenter. Baumgardt. The Herb Garden.. Margaret E. Doran & Co. 1961. New York: G. Behme. Alice Morse. John E. How Plants Get Their Names. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Flannery. Book of the Geranium. Foster. Putnam's Sons. 1972. Sevenoaks. Helen H. L. Staff of. Sydney: B. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1966. London: Country Life. Cross. Prof. L. 1980. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rosemary F. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Greenwood. . Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 1911. T. P. Hanging Plants for Home. Fox. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. W. Jot. 1979. Robert Lee. Toronto. . New York: Macmillan. and Accessories. Garden City: Doubleday. 14701670. London: Saturn Press. London. 1982.C. Frances A. Herbs and the Earth. Earle. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1944. Roses. 1971. Coats. ed. Rosetta E. New York: Macmillan.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. S. 1958. Independence. 1951. London: Macmillan. . Erichsen-Brown. 1973. New York. Foley. New York: Viking Press. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. New York: Crown Publishers. 1962. New York: Macmillan. Seal. New York: Macmillan. 1970. Peter. Gertrude B. Liberty Hyde. H. Brownlow. 1951. Clarkson. Complements. Herbsfor Every Garden. Daniel J. The Garden (An Illustrated History). New York: Dover. P. 1957. The Cultivated Basils. Agnes. John. Helen Morgenthau. Kent: The Herb Farm. Bailey Hortorium.. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Bailey. John Philip. Park Seed Co. Park's Success with Herbs. 1938. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1963. 1971. Room Outside. Mo. Berrall. Brookes.. Foster. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Harriet Ballard. 1977.

: Chronica Botanica Co. < previous page page_133 next page > . Loyal R. Hay. Wynnewood. New York: William Morrow & Co.. Cherokee Plants. Sarah. Ann. New York: Macmillan.. Jr. Frederic. Norma Jean. The Concise Handbook of Roses.. 1952. and Brunello. Co. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Johns. and Back. Lerner. Horace. Loewenfeld. Rosengarten. 1971. 1911. McFarland. Herbs. 1969. New York: William Morrow and Co. 1974. and Chiltoskey. Alice Recknagel. Waltham. Adelma G. Howard. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Books. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. A Biblical Garden.. Miller. Walter. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1978. N. Boston. 1975. Potter. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Muenscher. and Rice. 1981. Robert. Ireys. J. A Garden of Herbs. Dorothy Bovee. Rev. How to Select. 1981. Shaker Herbs. New York: Dover. Mary U. The Herb Garden.: Livingston Pub. 1972. Early American Gardens. 1959. Helen K. Tucson: H. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Roy. Vicenza. Flowers of the Field. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Franco. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 2d ed. P. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. New York: Macmillan. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Sylva. Roses of the World in Color. Vegetable Dyeing. 1971. Simmons.. ed. C. 1976. 1938. New York: Dover. and Alma L. Gardens in Winter. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Grieve. London: Faber and Faber. New York: E. and Synge.C. New York: Doubleday.Garland. George H. Modern Herbal. Italy. Grow and Enjoy. Kiaer. 1970. (1st American edition trans. . Claire. Claire. Boston. Bernard Hickey. The Berry Book. 1970. Mass. Elizabeth.: Herald Publishing Co. Neri. P. Jones. A. The Book of Spices. 1964. Eleanour Sinclair.. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Lesch. 1974. Amy Bess. 1979. Pa.) Rohde. Pozza. Lawrence. Philippa. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. Leighton. Division Billboard Publications. Paul B. chemist. New York: Clarkson N. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Loewenfeld. Eigel. New York: Viking Press. Dutton & Co. Frances. Toronto: Little. Johnson. London: George Routledge & Sons. The Art of Dyeing. Hamel. 1976. 1961. 1973. 1982. 1983.. Landscaping with Vines. 1946. 1969.. Mrs. Myron. M. Harold N. Alma. Carol. New York: Van Nostrand. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Brown & Co. Krauss. Plants of the Bible. New York: Crown Publishers. 1951. New York: Harper & Bros. 1966. 1975. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Patrick M. Lathrop. New York: Macmillan.. New York: De La Mare. Hendrickson. Lawrence. M.. Moldenke.

Jr. Cozart. Alfred L. Henry Gund. Indianapolis. William T. Winthrop G. Leonard Dreyfuss. Mrs. Mr. Austin R.A... Charles Patch.A. L. 1942. Mrs.A. Mrs. Norman. Mrs. Marion E.A.A. L. F.A. William W. Mrs.. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. 1953. Yang. The Fragrant Garden.. Mrs. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.D.. Maxton Davies. Jr. New York: William Morrow & Co.A. L. Climbing Roses Old and New. T. W T. Small Gardens Are More Fun. L. Melissa R. London: Phoenix House. Vivian. L. . 1979. New York. Margaret Osborn Holt. Christopher. Vera Breed. Barbara Capen. . Diane C.A. 1966. Katherine S. Webster. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Shrub Roses of Today.A. Hale & Co. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. 1953. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Boston: Ralph T. L. Wilson. Graham.S. 1957. William C. New York. Raymond V. New York: Simon & Schuster.A. 1965. Container Gardening Outdoors. Wilder. Toronto: Van Nostrand. A. Rev. Revised by Dr. Plants of the Bible. and Robert B. 1961. Herbert G. Mrs. Jo Lohmolder. Vt. H. Building Stone Walls. Bates. James D. Bradner. L. Stearn. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Toronto: Van Nostrand.A. Tarantino. Landscape Architecture. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them..L. Mrs. Mrs. Zohary. Philip Batchelder. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Paxton. William Radler. 1979. and Bell. Taylor. William Y Dear.. Graham Stuart.A.. Esther. Fragrance in the Garden. Jr. Mrs. Stuart. The History of Gardens. Robert K. Pees. Plimpton.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Associate. Robert G. Michael. Mrs.. Susan W.L. Mrs... 1972. Hammond Crawford. Weber. Leonie. Rhoda Specht. C.The Old Shrub Roses. Mrs. Benjamin McF. Charles L.A. Frank M.. Stearn. Berkeley Brandt. Virginia B. . Helen Van Pelt.A. New York: St. George. Sandy Hicks. Singleton. 1976. Moffit. W. 1976. Mrs. L. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. A. ed. Boerner. Louise Beebe.A. 1972.A. Meyer. Helen Noyes. New ed.. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Price. Donald Paxton. Nelva M. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Giroux. 1931. Mrs. New York: Dover. 1962.: Garden Way. White. James C. Amy Bess Miller. A. Hines. Mrs. John. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Bynam. . Onward and Upward in the Garden.S. Mrs.. Linda. London: Phoenix House. Straus. Madalene Hill.A. 1967.. 1982. New York: Doubleday.R.. Ingersoll. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. 1975. Jack Emil Geist. and Mrs. New York: Farrar. Z.A. McGarry. Martha Dahlen. Martin's Press. New York: St. Keebler. L. A. John Poinier. Charlotte. L. Martin's.. Baker. Marshall. John Ormsbee. Mrs. L.. L.. Gannaway.. New York: Hafner.S. Mrs. Elisabeth W. Mrs. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. A. Campbell. Mrs. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Peter M. New York: Simon & Schuster. The Shakespeare Garden. William T. The Fragrant Year. Mrs.. 1972. George T. Neil Hamill Park. New York: McGraw-Hill. Griffin. Morss. L. L. Mrs. Malcolm. Bush.. Herbs in the Garden. Mrs. Martin.. ed. Botanical Latin. Taloumis. Bleecker. Smith. Elizabeth Lawrence.L. Sherry D. Thomas. 1974. Thacker. 1979. Lamm.

Little Rock. Mansfield... Talbot III. Lawrence Schetky. N.Rady. Mrs.. and Mrs. Edmund G.. Mrs. R. Atlanta Historical Society.. Mich.A. Eric Duke Scott. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Milton Stricker. Weeks Brick House. Swanson. James F. Mrs.. civic. Wilcox. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mrs. Greenland. Atlanta. Eloise andJo Ray. Smith (Ann Leighton). Gayle. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Joan E.. Roberts.. Inc. Ohio. Hancock Shaker Village.. Matthaei Botanical Gardens.A. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. The following provided historical. Ark. John A. Linda Yang. Wisc. Architect. Elbert Smith. University of Michigan. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Mrs. Winston-Salem.. Mass. G. Isadore L. Inc. Booker Worthen. Plain Dealer Photo. Helen M. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Christopher Rady. Hancock. Lansing. N. Harper. Linda Yang. Mrs. James S. Derthick. Faith H. Nathan Sameth. Mrs. Timothy Procter Ruh.A. The Country Doctor Museum. Rose. L. L. Michigan State University.A. Skinner. Jean Ruh. Pawtucket. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.C. L. Semple..H. Shaker Community. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Old Slater Mill Museum.I. Mr. Walter Rebmann. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America.. Whitman. Christopher Spencer. Ga. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Frederick E. Mrs. Ohio. Cleveland. Old Salem. Mich.. Milton C. N. Joe H. Matthew Miksch House.. Ann Arbor. Kingwood Center. Western Reserve Herb Society. Mrs. L. L. Bailey.C.. Hales Corners.

A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Narcissus triandrus. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. C. officinalis. maritima L. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. azoricum.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Y smalliana Agrimonia. barbadensis A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. A. A. E. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Myrrhis odorata. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis.

Solanum aculeatissimum S. false Galium aristatum. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. V. P. V. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. G. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. P. F. lycopersicum. Lamium album Viburnum. podagraria Asparagus A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. officinalis. melongena var. grandiflorus Melissa M. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. S. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Monarda didyma Crataegus.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. ludoviciana var. M. laevis Rhododendron . acerifolium. officinalis Populus. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. albula A.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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chrysantha Symphytum S. deltoides Campsis radicans. angustifolia. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. oleracea. coronaria . officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. P. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Mertensia virginica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. M. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris A. B. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A.

alpinum R. M. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. sativum R. maculatum G. pseudonarcissus miniature N. ioensis Vaccinium. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. verna. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Italian D Daffodil M.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. V. M. N. B. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. macrocarpon. angustifolia. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. alpinum R. coronaria. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. V. B. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. C.

obtusifolius Rumex R. T officinale Bellis. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. A. lilioasphodelus H. A. D. x superbum Hemerocallis. R. Ferocactus latispinus. lilioasphodelus. Chrysanthemum frutescens. frutescens C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. H. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. R. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. rivieri. crispus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. obtusifolius R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. C. triphyllum . Sansevieria. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. acetosa. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Hosta H.

vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. arvensis. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Gnaphalium. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. C. Helichrysum. N. ragusina. Centaurea cineraria. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . gymnocarpa. C. N. Senecio cineraria. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. N. Antennaria. damascena. azoricum Nigella. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Lychnis coronaria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. S. pungens Sambucus S.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. L. P. regalis Adiantum. carica F. Osmunda. versicolor. A. I. I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.× germanica I. perenne . usitatissimum L.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. O. carica Corylus C. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris.

grossularioides P radens P. neapolitanum A. lanata D. odoratissimum P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × hortorum P. × germanica Myosotis M. quercifolium P. purpurea D. tuberosum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. lutea Allium sativum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. Pelargonium. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sativum var. scorodoprasum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. sphaerocephalum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. P. Fumaria C. I. × limoneum P.

officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. T. canadense T. officinale Z. chamaedrys T. A. × citrosum P. pratensis . abrotanifolium P. P. graveolens P. scabrum P graveolens P. crispum P. Z. denticulatum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. quercifolium P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. Tragopogon. tomentosum P. canadense. A. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. tomentosum P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × nervosum P. T. × jatrophifolium P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. capitatum P. glutinosum.

Oxalis deppei. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. torquata E. M. Vitis monticola.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. V. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. C. nervosa V. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Pulmonaria . virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. triacanthos G. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. W. majalis Liriope. C.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Lythrum. Ophiopogon L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. G. L.

erecta T. M. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. pedatum Hibiscus. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. alcea var. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T.blue M Mace. M. erecta T. A. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. patula Calendula officinalis T. Malva. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. C. grandiflora M. Malva. lucida . theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. tenuifolia T. erecta T.

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vulgare O. aquatica var. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. citrata. vulgare O. citrata M. dictamnus O. Spiraea alba. R. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. onites O. requienii M. Astrantia. piperita var. crispii M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. suaveolens M. citrata M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. majorana O. A. × piperita var. × piperita var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . majorana O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. citrata M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. odorata Achillea millefolium. S. major. Heracleum sphondylium subsp.

Myrtus. × gentilis M. Umbellularia californica. communis. vulgaris A. thapsus V. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. A. Myrrhis odorata. rubra M. Azolla caroliniana. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. lactiflora Morus M.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. V. alba Verbascum. M. V. olympicum. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia.

prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. minus T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. V. album L. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. V. majus T. P. poeticus N. tazetta Tropaeolum T. nudum. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.

coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. telephium Iris × germanica var. A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. fragrans O. cepa A. vulgare var. S.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. florentina. cepa. fistulosum A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. fragrans Allium. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. Proliferum Group A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. fistulosum Atriplex. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. hortensis A. O. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. cepa. I. C. Scilla verna. Castilleja californica.

× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. patens. crispum P. crispum var. P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. A. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. A. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulsatilla Passiflora P.

album Ranunculus ficaria . P frutescens Catharanthus. retroflexus. Longum Group cone green C. annuum. C. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. Grossum Group C. C. A. C. Longum Group C. annuum. C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. C. Piper C. roseus C. Conoides Group Capsicum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Chenopodium. annuum. paniculata P. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. C. frutescens C. annuum.

gratianopolitanus D. officinalis Dianthus D. plumarius D. Silene laciniata. angustifolia var. watsonii P maritima P. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. taeda P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. taeda Chimaphila. caryophyllus D. C. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. umbellata var. plumarius. Plantago P. M. × paradisiaca. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. nigra P strobus P taeda P. umbellata var. P. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. alpinus D. P salicina P angustifolia. americana .Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. C. Prunus japonica.

balsamifera P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. 0. E. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. L. vulgare Lithospermum. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. biennis P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. rhoeas P. P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. S. Liriodendron tulipifera P.

< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Diplotaxis. rhabarbarum R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Hesperis . canadensis C. pepo C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. coccineum C. pepo Portulaca. A. R. P. C. C. sativum var. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis.

spinosissima R. × borboniana Kerria. damascena 'Bifera' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. Rubus coronarius R. laevigata R. canina R. canina. gallica 'Officinalis' R. chinensis 'Minima' R. × borboniana R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × harisonii R. damascena R. centifolia R. R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. moschata . roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. gallica R. × borboniana R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rosa chinensis R. sativa Rosa R. banksiae R.

R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. guaranitica S. Rosmarinus. caerula. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. angustissimus R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. clevelandii S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. × rehderana R. sclarea S. officinalis Limonium R. pitcheri S. microphylla S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. azurea subsp. greggii S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. rugosa R. setigera R. officinalis S. S. Salvia hierosolymitana .

leucantha S. elegans S. S. hebecarpa.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. P. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. halimus Crithmum maritimum. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. chamaecyparissus S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. viridis S. S. chamaecyparissus S. guaranitica S. Salicornia. C. montana Scabiosa S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. virens. leucophylla S. maritimum E. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. marilandica Amelanchier . pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. neapolitana S. T. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. A. S.

canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

coggygria. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. americana.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. C. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. V. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. biflorum . coggygria C. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. P. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. G. coggygria Cotinus. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. P. nivalis Lamium album. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. C.

pyrenaicum. crassipes O. H. S. V. acetosa. japonica Sorbaria. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. scutatus R. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. O. L.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. patulum.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . R. H. Ornithogalum arabicum. officinalis thyme-leaved V. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. O. E. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica.

crispum T. C.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vulgare var. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. T vulgare T. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. incana M. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. dracunculus var. chiloensis F. floridus Philadelphus . vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. M. O. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vesca F. perennis. vesca F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. O. vulgare var. incana M. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa.

pallasianus T. marianum S. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. maritima Thymus. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. × citriodorus T. A. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. 'Broad-leaf English' T. marianum S. T. phaenopyrum C. laevigata Eupatorium. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. sylvestris D. 'Argenteus' T. arcticus T. praecox subsp. praecox T. Silybum marianum S. 'Clear Gold' T. E. C.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. benedictus. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. citriodorus 'Aureus' T.

sanctum O. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Physalis peruviana L. radicans Bignonia capreolata. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum var. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. lycopersicum L. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. cerasiforme.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. L. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Coreopsis Linaria. peruviana P. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. I. alata Lycopersicon. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. P. sanctum Tulipa T. praecox subsp. noli-tangere. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. C. P. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. pruinosa.

V. C. cornuta 'Alba' V. odorata V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. caeruleum Clematis. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. Chimaphila. C. P.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. caprea . virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. V riviniana Viola odorata V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. cornuta V. canina. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. officinalis Polemonium.

pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. ambrosioides Artemisia. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. absinthium A. Gaultheria procumbens. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. gmelinii A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Stachys . arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Vanilla barbellata A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. annua A. caprea. W. S. verticillata Chimaphila. V. frigida A. Corydalis sempervirens A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. pontica. I. camphorata A. nudum Isatis I.

× media 'Hatfieldii' T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . vomitoria I. taygetea A. simplicissima Cladrastis. C. × media 'Hicksii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. millefolium A. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A. X. ageratum A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot.

butter-print.. longifolia Achillea A. yarrow sneezeweed. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. fragrant g. Indian mallow. fourcroydes sweet flag. Indian mallow China jute. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. five-finger f. monkshood flowering maple. nose-bleed. h. millefolium A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . breviflora A. taygetea A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. sanguinary. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. cana A. alpinus Aconitum A. parlor m. ageratum A. blue giant hyssop.. foeniculum Agave A. calamus maidenhair fern. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. maidenhair fern. fennel g. thousand-seal. calamus Adiantum A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. h. napellus Acorus A. theophrasti Acacia A. lion's tail anise hyssop. pedatum Agastache A.. maidenhair American maidenhair. monkshood helmut flower.

sisalana Agrimonia A. sativum A. serpent garlic chive. karataviense A. vulgaris Allium A. fistulosum A. cocklebur. moly A. ostrowskianum A. giganteum A. garlic rocambole. rosea Alchemilla A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. lily leek daffodil garlic.. two-bladed o.. flavum A. scorodoprasum A. ophioscorodon A. flowering o. Japanese bunching o.. tree o.. reptans Alcea A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. christophii A. hemp plant agrimony. githago Ajuga A. alpina A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. Spanish o. schoenoprasum A. ciboule. cive. sisal hemp. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. Rosenbachianum A.A. sativum var. schnittlauch giant garlic . stars-of-Persia Welsh o. neapolitanum A. senescens var. Pulchellum A. purple c.

lily-of-the-field serviceberry. tuberosum Aloe A. japonica A. Oriental garlic . pulsatilla Anethum A. shadbush.. round-headed garlic Chinese chive..glaucum A. triphylla Althaea A. officinalis Amaranthus A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. medicinal a.. shad. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. white m. bugloss alkanet. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. garlic c. Curasao a. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. archangel. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinalis Anemone A. sphaerocephalum A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. marschalliana A. cerefolium chervil angelica. barbadensis Aloysia A. juneberry. bugloss windflower. tinctoria Anthriscus A. canadensis Amsonia A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. blanda A. hupehensis var. caudatus Amelanchier A. Barbados a. officinarum Anchusa A.

Apium A. graveolens var. graveolens A. alpina 'Alba' A. European crowfoot bearberry. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . chrysantha A.

virginicum bearberry. bear's grape. kinnikinick. triphyllum A. annua A. asarabacca wild ginger. dracunculus var. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. canadense A. Ludoviciana var. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. lactiflora A. europaeum A. hog cranberry. wormwood southernwood. dracontium A. gmelinii A. rusticana Artemisia A. old man southernwood absinthe. sandberry. pink or white horseradish. mugwort. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. frigida A. pontica A. mountain box. sativa A. camphorata A. arborescens A. sea pink thrift. creashak green-dragon. mealberry. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. red cole sagebrush. stewardsonii Armeria A. maritima Armoracia A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. albula A. triphyllum subsp. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger .

cool-tankard cole. perennis Berberis B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. B. wild indigo blue false indigo. upland cress winter cress. c. rocket. halimus A. butterfly flower butterfly weed. ruby s. pleurisy root. saltbush orach.Asclepias A. vulgaris Bellis B. australis B. wild indigo. s. c. s. China grass borage borage. c. yellow r. piprage beet swiss chard. plains f. i. rattleweed winter cress. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. garden o. hortensis B Baptista B. jaundice berry. talewort. vulgaris Beta milkweed. tinctoria Barbarea B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B.. major Atriplex A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. tuberroot. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. papyrifera Boehmeria B. nivea Borago B. orach sea orach.. silkweed. officinalis Astrantia A. Chinese silk plant. c. wild blue i. vulgaris. tuberosa Asparagus A. mustard . mountain spinach false indigo. ruby s.

officinalis Calycanthus C. sempervirens B.. carpatica C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. microphylla var. strawberry s. pineapple s. grandiflora Calendula C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla 'Nana' B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. floridus Campanula C.B. white-flowered k. eruca B. koreana B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C.. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B.

persicifolia C.. p. s. o. C. o. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. trumpet vine. p. chili p. green p. green p. p.. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. rapunculus Campsis C. s. p. bell p. p.. cow-itch. sweet pepper. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . s. o. pimento sweet pepper s. p. p. p. o. p.C. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. red p. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. o. p. o. trumpet flower.. p.

ovata Cassia C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. senna. canariensis Cedrus C.. red p. bastard s. capsicum p. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory.. garden c. tinctorius Carum C. majus Chelone cayenne p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C... cristata Cercis C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. deodara Celosia C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. false saffron. Tabasco p. Russian c. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud.. shellbark h. frutescens Carthamus C. celandine celandine turtlehead. carvi Carya C. chili p. marilandica Catharanthus C. nobile Chelidonium C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C.. illinoinensis C. Madagascar periwinkle. Tabasco-sauce p. snakehead .

balsamita C. parthenium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.C. mint geranium. Chinese dwarf 1. alecost pyrethrum. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. × superbum Cichorium C. wormseed.. crispus C. devil's-darning- . Dalmatia p. × jouiniana 'Mrs. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. rattletop black cohosh. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. ambrosioides C. ladanifer Citrus C. Spanish t. frutescens C. virgin's bower. racemosa Cistus C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. leather flower. intybus Cimicifuga C. American w.. glabra Chenopodium C. pyrethum.. feather geranium. wintergreen. barbe-de-capuchin. leather flower. lutea Clematis C. Robert Brydon' C. botrys Chimaphila C. virgilia virgin's bower. umbellata Chionanthus C. bonus-henricus C. wax flower. old-man's-beard costmary. coccineum C.. fat hen ambrosia. cinerariifolium C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. dwarf 1. leucanthemum C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Meyer 1. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. pigweed Mexican tea.

thorn. arkansana C.. tinctoria Coriandrum C. majalis Convolvulus C. avellana Cotinus C.needle Cnicus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. peregrina Consolida C. Venetian sumac. quick-set. autumnale Comptonia C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. cneorum Coptis C. sativum Cornus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. smokebush. trifolia Coreopsis C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. apiculatus Crataegus C. thorn apple. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. orientalis Convallaria C. benedictus Coix C. red haw hawthorn English h. ambigua C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. smoke plant. florida Corylus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . smokebush smoke tree. laevigata C.

phaenopyrum Crithmum C. West Indian 1.. speciosus 'Albus' C. × allwoodii D. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur.C. citratus Cytisus C. speciosus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. maritimum Crocus C. sieberi C. scoparius C.. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . oblonga Cymbopogon C. gracilis Dianthus D. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. kotschyanus C. angustifolius C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. sempervirens Cydonia C. sativus C.

divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. sylvestris Doronicum D. sativus D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. gas plant. burning bush.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. lanata D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. spectabilis Dictamnus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. grandiflora D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. carnation.

sea eryngo California poppy C. blueweed. plum eryngo sea holly. rugosum v. poppy eucalypt. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. californica Eucalyptus E. arvense E. dulcis Endymion E.E. J. perfoliatum E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. viridis Epimedium E. ironbark. sea holm. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. gum tree. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . b. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. vulgare Elaeagnus E.. maritimum Eschscholzia E. hyemale Eranthis E. Australian gum. epimedium barrenwort. S. Japanese medlar. pungens Eleocharis E. jacinth. torquata Euonymus E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. japonica Eryngium E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort.

s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. assafoetida Ficus F. vulgare subsp. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. ulmaria F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. alpine s. vulgare F. a.s. vulgare F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . a. vulgare var. major Fragaria F. finocchio. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.s. sow-teat s. a. imperialis Fumaria F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.Euphorbia E. cyparissias F Ferula F. chiloensis F.

maculatum G. robertianum Glechoma G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. ground ivy.F. spotted c. our-lady's-b. pulegioides American pennyroyal. dyer's greenweed. woodwaxen. mollugo G. Carolina yellow j. red Robin .. gardenia. teaberry. Capejasmine wintergreen. sweet w. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. odoratum G. hederacea Gleditsia G.. Carolina jessamine Genista G. virginiana Hedeoma H. runaway robin. hexapetala G Galanthus G. verum Gardenia G. tinctoria Geranium G. Carolina jasmine G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. alumroot herb Robert. woodroof yellow bedstraw. false baby's-breath woodruff.. mountain tea. mock p. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. triacanthos Gossypium G... cleavers white bedstraw. wild c. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. nivalis Galium G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. germanica G. checkerberry. field balm. vernalis H. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. honey locust.

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Deccan h. rose-of-China. licorice plant heliotrope. orientalis Hemerocallis H. giant m. Deckaner h. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. cannabinus H. atrorubens H. hibiscus kenaf.. garland 1.. Chinese hibiscus. Hawaiian h. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. mallow. flavescens Helenium H. glabra Hesperis H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. lemon d. daylily . blacking plant plantain lily. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily.. bimli j.. angustifolium H. corsicus H.. turnsole heliotrope. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.. petiolatum Heliotropium H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. bimlipatum j. niger H. bastard jute. Indian hemp.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. foetidus H. sweet r. lividus subsp. rose m. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. matronalis Hibiscus H. × luteola Herniaria H.. lilioasphodelus H. curry plant false licorice. arborescens Helleborus H. China rose.

candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. horned h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. lupulus Hydrangea H. I. navelwort gotu kola St. asiatica Hypericum H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. perforatum Hyssopus H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.H. rose h. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. Burford's holly Japanese holly. patulum 'Sungold' H. . box-leaved h.. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. white h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. European h.-John's-wort St. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. orangeroot. crenata var.

American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. vomitoria 'Nana' I..I. chinensis var. virginiana red cedar jasmine. woad dyer's woad.. alba Iris I. spotted t. touch-me-not jewelweed. water f. maculata J Jasminum J. tinctoria Inula I. wilsonii Impatiens I. snapweed. × germanica var. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. glabra I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. opaca I. yellow flag. African corn lily corn lily orris. florentina I. J. jewelweed. helenium Ipomoea I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. horizontalis creeping j. cristata I. 'Great Lakes' I. officinale Juniperus J. pseudacorus Isatis I. crested i. tinctoria Ixia I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. capensis Indigofera I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. crested dwarf i..

sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. album L. dentata L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce .. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.. dentata var. n. angustifolia L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. n.. plume flower. nobilis Lavandula L. d. angustifolia subsp. bay. sweet bay laurel. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel.Justicia water willow J. flamingo p. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. indica Lamium L. carnea Brazilian-plume. brandegeana shrimp plant J. maculatum L. paradise p. plume plant. white d. dumb nettle..

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

blue cardinal flower . muscari Lobelia L. perenne L. benzoin Linum L. hedge plant privet. aestivum Levisticum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. candidum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. sativum Leucojum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. latifolium Linaria Lindera L.. pepperwort. marsh rosemary. lovage privet. summer s. usitatissimum Liriope L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. officinale Ligustrum L.

satin flower honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. lycopersicum var. money plant. annua Lychnis L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . vulgaris Lythrum L. cordata Magnolia M. sempervirens Lunaria L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. lycopersicum var. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. virginiana sweet alyssum. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. flava L. grandiflora M. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. penny f. coronaria L. coronaria 'Alba' L. gypsywort. moonwort. stellata M.. maritima L.L. catchfly mullein pink. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. silver-dollar. campion. europaeus Lysimachia L. honesty. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. coral h.

officinalis Mentha M. imperial stock balm lemon b.. lemon m. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. holly mahonia. bluebells. cowslip. b. incanum M.. holly barberry. menthella. stock stock.. horsemint peppermint orange mint. Brampton stock. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. aquatica M. × piperita M. lungwort bluebells. citrata M. incana Melissa M. curly m. sweet b. pulegium M. vulgare Matthiola M. blue barberry apple. bee b... Scotch m. × gentilis M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. fastigiata Marrubium M.. angustifolia M.. Oregon g. mountain g. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. 'Eau de Cologne' M. hupehensis Malva M. × piperita var. bergamot m. musk m. pennyroyal Corsican m. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. requienii M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. horsemint . Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. American crab. holly g. longifolia M.. alcea var. Virginia b.Mahonia M.. Virginia c. white h. apple m. 'Guiding Star' M. gillyflower. pineapple m. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple.

winter purslane. b. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. b. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. fistulosa M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. banana abaca.. Swedish m. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. odorata Myrtus M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sweet cicely. candleberry. fistulosa var. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . white b. Oswego tea. Manila hemp forget-me-not. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. Greek myrtle. pink b. anise. textilis Myosotis M. myrrh. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. swamp c. red m. citriodora M.M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. punctata Montia M. white bee balm pink b. menthifolia M. sylvatica Myrica M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. b. American m.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

domestica P.. sieboldii 'Alba' P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . granatum Pyrus P. vulgaris Prunus P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. sand p. heal-all. maritima P. persica Pteridium P. Jerusalem sage. lungwort blue 1. cowslip self-heal self-heal. hackmatack. golden hardhack. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. brake. nepalensis P. aspen. elatior P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead.. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. trifoliata Populus P. brake bracken. Americana P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. balsam p. five-finger shrubby c. tacamahac cinquefoil. hardy orange poplar. widdy shrubby c. pensylvanica P. veris Prunella P. angustifolia P.. hog-pasture b. all-heal salad burnet.Poncirus P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. pasture b.

gooseberry alpine c. × borboniana R. . garden r. Bourbon r. ficaria Reseda R. garden c. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. mountain c. dyer's rocket rhubarb. small c. red currant. York-and-Lancaster r. gallica damask r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R.. chinensis 'Minima' R. dog r. fairy r. alpinum R. eglanteria R. brier r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. stellata R Ranunculus R. pie plant. crowfoot lesser celandine. brier Banksia r. luteola Rhamnus R. canina R. 'Cinderella' R..Quercus Q. pygmy r. sweetbrier French r. purshiana Rheum R. rose. sativum Rosa R. moss r. cabbage r. eglantine. pilewort mignonette weld. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R.. banksiae R. dog b. autumn damask r. typhina Ribes R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. moss r.... China r.

moschata R. French sorrel rue . dock s. angustissimus R. tinctorum Rubus R. rosemary pine-scented r. obtusifolius R. climbing r. Turkestan r. spinosissima R. prairie r. × harisonii R. Japanese r. garden sorrel broad dock. r. madder bramble blackberry. rugosa R. × rehderana R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. chestnut r. golden p. setigera R. burnet r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Scotch r. prostrate rosemary. sorrel. roxburghii R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. rosemary white r. musk r. hirta Rumex R.'Officinalis' R. polyantha r. acetosa R.. laevigata R. climbing r.. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. snowdwarf memorial r. wichuraiana R. 'Schneezwerg' R... allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. Harison's yellow r. bitter d. chinquapin r. Cherokee r.

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caerula S. leucantha S. microphylla S. garden s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. greggii S. involucrata S. viridis Sambucus S. American e. gray sage. bloodroot rue . purple g. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. elderberry American e. caprea Salvia S. golden g. Mexican bush s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. s. leucophylla S. variegated garden s. osier goat willow. guaranitica S. canadensis willow. pussy willow sage. purple variegated garden s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. clary annual clary elder. s. bloodroot red puccoon. argentea S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. elegans S. clevelandii S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. sclarea S.

roof h. trifasciata Santolina S. virens Saponaria S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. mad apple . chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. devil's tongue. live-forever houseleek.. marianum Sium S. live-forever houseleek. melongena var. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. morganianum S. sweet s. pinnata S. pincushion flower pincushions. telephium Sempervivum S. mourning-bride stonecrop. blessed t. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. hortensis S.Sanguisorba S. officinalis Sassafras S. jasminoides S. tectorum Silybum S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. canadensis Sansevieria S. sisarum Solanum S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. orpine donkey's tail orpine. albidum Satureja S.. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. Mary's t. atropurpurea Sedum S. lucky plant. St. hen-and-chickens. neapolitana S.. good-luck plant. hemp plant snake plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. milk t..

hedge nettle. lilac . americana Stachys S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. Aztec m. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. vulgaris 'Addie V. erecta marigold African m. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. officinale S. × persica var. californica Sorbaria S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. grandiflora S. patula melongene. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. officinale Syringa S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. lutea Stokesia S.. reticulata var. woundwort lamb's-ears. big m. laevis Symphytum S.. laciniata Persian lilac S. byzantina S.

T. columnar y. crispum Taraxacum T. fruticans T. canadense T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. germander American g. yew conical y. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T.. filifolia T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. procumbent g. occidentalis Thymus T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. sweet mace French m. 'Broad-leaf English' T. dwarf m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. tansy tansy. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. carnosus T. . upright y. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. marum Thuja T. wood sage germander dwarf. culinary golden lemon t. 'Argenteus' T. lucida T. vulgare T. officinale Taxus T.. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m.. dense y. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. vulgare var. signet m. lemon t.

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< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. crimson c. odorus t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. lemon t. red c. glabrescens T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. woolly thyme creeping t. serpyllum T.. lanatum Trifolium T. creeping t. pratensis Trichostema T. herba-barona T. praecox T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. confederatej. zygis Torenia T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. leucotrichus T. doerfleri T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. caraway t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. praecox subsp. nitidus T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. not culinary French t. t.. . 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. t. nummularius T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. richardii subsp. wishbone flower. pallasianus T.

red s.. squill. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. cranberry. species t. 'General de Wet' T. tall n. laevifolium Valeriana V. huckleberry. kaufmanniana T. pale yellow Darwin t. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t.. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. dioica V Vaccinium V. . 'Sweet Harmony' T. water-lily t.Tropaeolum T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. blueberry. mullein mullein. blattaria V. olympicum V. officinalis V. minus Tsuga T. officinalis Verbascum V. 'Blizzard' T. tarda T. maritima Urtica U. clusiana T. bitter Indian garden n. Indian cress dwarf n. thapsus Veronica V. early. velvet p. farfara U Urginea U. nettle stinging n. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. canadensis Tulipa T. angustifolium var. flannel plant. tawny orange t. majus T. speedwell.

khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. sheepberry. arrowwood.. tricolor V. lesser p. zizanioides Viburnum V. lutea 'Splendens' V. violet dog violet horned v. maple-leaved viburnum. myrtle. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. × wittrockiana Vitis V. canina V.. running m. heartsease pansy. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. carlesii V. possum haw . viola white viola blue viola teaberry. heartsease. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. plicatum 'Mariesii' V.. sweet h.Vetiveria V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. khus-khus. withe-rod vetiver. odorata V. ladies-delight. minor Viola V. acerifolium V. cassinoides V. nannyberry. prunifolium Vinca V.

Adam's-needle. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. ginger.

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