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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

This was not to be. and the publisher. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. build it. Again they revised. Their energy and charm caught me up. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. more of them exist to serve as examples. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. responded with delight. seven years ago. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. especially poetry. The turning point came when. It needs no sequel. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. alterations. pushing. Ginny had done some writing. With false starts and honest stops. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. This they did. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. for they had no model and no guide. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. wheedling. and the experience provided the final section of the book. successes. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. carefully chosen. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. whether all their labor was to no avail. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. Then. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. with sparkling enthusiasm. and record every detailall of the failures. punching. bereft of hope.

Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. by their owners. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. To achieve this. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. although countless common names exist. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. degree of maintenance required. Not all plants used are herbs. Likewise. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. or by contributors. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. historical interest. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. while others were prepared by landscape designers. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. A range of essential factors is considered herein. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. former generic names. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. The herb garden designs alone. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme. specialty. without accompanying commentary. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. rather. . For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Italics are always used for botanical names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. and educational purpose. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. we completed a test garden. We. and these are capitalizedfor example. 1969 and 1980. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. the authors." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility.

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and Elizabeth Bryce. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Richard T. Keebler and the late Everest P. and August Frugé. Isaacson. which made possible the completion of our text. Recognition is due Robert B. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Alexander Apanius. Special thanks are due James C. has given us valuable information. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Lee Buss. Alice Skelsey. We are grateful to many. president. always encouraging us to stay with our project. past presidents. as expediter and typist. and Rexford Talbert. The late Raymond C. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. former director of same. Betty Rea. too. A lecturer on herbs.. former managing editors. His assistant. Rady. Susan Frugé. Herbert J. Derthick. Weatherhead.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. M. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. have also been of assistance. Trudi Bela. Swanson and Robert B. and Joanna Reed. Genevieve Jyurovat. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. librarian. has been especially helpful over the years. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Finally. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Jo Lohmolder.D. Eleanor Gambee. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. and the horticulturist. Nell Neff. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Wanda Ritchie. She has served. FAITH H.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

" wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Its interest is independent of flowers. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. In order to create a fine garden design. As Henry Beston reflects. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Perennial herbs. or an abandoned. fences. temples of worship." A good design does not "happen. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. and structures. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. not at all difficult to maintain. "Not difficult to plan. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. new ways of seeing." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. the north point will have been indicated. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. new plants. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. lay out a plan of the property. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. If no . even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. to increase the value of the property. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. a front dooryard. and hedges will have been located. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. and decisions must not be left to chance. some of which are evergreen. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. As one constantly reinforces the other. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. partially excavated area. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind.

< previous page page_2 next page > . fences. Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale.

< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. too. measurements are in engineer's scale. A deed description. In this example. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. to locate the house. The object is to . one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. Next. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. and the driveway. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. such as the one illustrated here. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. measure to locate the house. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Here. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. other significant structures. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. but with all needed information. too. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. In the absence of a survey map.

The smaller the scale. triangleof inexpensive plastic. and parallel lines. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. enclosures. lines at an angle. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. shrubs. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. The tools needed for drawing are few. driveway. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. and unusual land features noted. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. < previous page page_3 next page > . the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. paths. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler.

the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. and stone. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. With the plan on paper. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. One basic rule is the higher the wall. A toolhouse. and holly. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. bayberry. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. Upkeep. yew.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. iron. In the absence of a structure. However. greenhouse. brick. In the designs that follow. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. gazebo. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. or summer kitchen is ideal. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. old smokehouse. garage. and hedges of hemlock. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. In some cases.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. holly. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Stone. if wood is the material of choice. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. for reinforcing the design. or. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. annual painting is a necessity. elegant box. as an example. Styles are legion. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. but the results will confirm this course. Brick is the all-time favorite material. When used with a hedge. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. landscape timbers. railroad ties. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. box. At first. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. some deciduous and some evergreen. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. however. Whatever the reason. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. For example.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. whether it will be rocks. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. such as bayberry. Generally. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. cut stones. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. they can be made to order. painted. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. used for dry wall or masonry construction. If desired. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. too. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. so give them much thought. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. and their styles are countless. and rosemary. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Gates are part of the enclosure. for example. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. or natural. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. bricks. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. it will seem too sparsely planted. deeply evergreen. gray surfaces are found. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Where air circulation is much needed. When this reinforcement is understated. If used. Rosemary. . yew. the garden design is most attractive. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Allow adequate room within the row. Lower cost is an advantage. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. In some climates. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Equally important is proportion. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. as in outdoor room dividers. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Stained. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. or pressure-treated lumber.

Conversely. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. there is a necessary.Steps When constructing steps. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. the greater the tread. The colors are various: terracotta. for example. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. but should be compatible with. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. It is a general rule that the less the riser. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. or red. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Step materials need not be the same as. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. There are. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. their use no less than comfortable. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. too. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. If groups are walking through. . paths show off the separate beds to advantage. and maintenance. however. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. making the design more evident. Access paths. A width of four feet allows room for turning. appearance. rosy pink. because they are just that. cost. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Paths must be ample. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature.

not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.

or trees to be considered. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. is an enjoyable experience. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. and many good references are available. With these recommendations in mind. They are easily renewed as they break down. When they mature. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > .on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. shad Malus coronaria. prepare a planting plan for each. If the garden is made up of separate beds. a soft-lead pencil in hand. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. This. heather Chaenomeles speciosa.) To avoid having a slippery surface. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. a result being hazardous footing. bark or pine needles can be used. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. too. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. serviceberry. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. shrubs. they should not shade the herbs too much.

lemon thyme. however. or whatever is best in your case. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. It needs. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. whether they are invasive or tall growing. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. noting well their growth habits. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. one-half inch equals one foot. such as the one illustrated here. a focal point is customarily used. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Do use a soft-lead pencil. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Sept.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. for example. Artifacts As with other gardens. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. too. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. it is easily read and easily erased. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. 'Mount Hood daff. for example. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image.

the height of a fence to the house. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. < previous page page_9 next page > . and a good sense of proportion is achieved. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame. a niche of its own should be created. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Again. If a statue less than life-size is used.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. For easy reference.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. the designs have a decorative north point. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . However. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. Except for two. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. that of good proportion. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a stylized drawing of an ovary.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Galium odoratum. bee balm 13. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Lobularia maritima. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. rose 24.S. 14. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. lovage 17. 4. 6.Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. summer 23.Melissa officinalis. Landscape Architect. The rules of symmetry are observed. sweet 25.Origanum majorana. The first number in each planting area is the key number. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Viola tricolor. which is used here in relation to a garage. a fence.A. salad burnet 12.Satureja montana.L. sativa. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Ocimum basilicum. 7. 16. 21.Poterium sanguisorba. dill cerasiforme. 1.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Pelargonium graveolens. 22. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Lavandula savory angustifolia.Allium 11. Lavenders accent the front corners. 3. or other structure. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. arcticus 27. A.Satureja hortensis. 26. fennel 2. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. 5. lemon balm . verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. lemon 15. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. Foeniculum vulgare. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. With color and texture considered for contrast.

white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. leek 9.Porrum Group. dwarf garden 20. curly parsley 10.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum heracleoticum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive 18. costmary 'Albus'.8. Greek 28.Salvia officinalis. Pelargonium × limoneum.

. 13. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium schoenoprasum. rose 19.Artemisia dracunculus var.Aloysia triphylla. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Rosmarinus officinalis. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. Petroselinum crispum var. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Pelargonium graveolens. 11. summer 10. 12. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja hortensis. 9. French tarragon 2. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Poterium sanguisorba. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Monarda didyma. 18. perhaps overgrown with weeds. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. bush basil 3.Pelargonium tomentosum. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. lemon verbena 21. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. curly parsley sativa. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. as was done here.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Foeniculum vulgare. 17. white 20. 1.

16. 14.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. eglantine 23.Heliotropium arborescens. English thyme dill 8. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Origanum majorana. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Rosa eglanteria. English'.salad burnet 6.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Galium odoratum.

Taxus cuspidata.Petroselinum crispum. The number in each planting area is the key number. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. however.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet marjoram 3. 7. Origanum heracleoticum. lovage 15.Poterium sanguisorba. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. 13. salad burnet 14. however.Allium schoenoprasum. The garden is conveniently located. sativa.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Mentha spicata. spearmint 16. lemon thyme 10. summer savory 11. garden sage 8. parsley 5.Levisticum officinale. 9. The image would soon give way to other considerations.S. and the plan could be used at a front door. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.L.Chionanthus virginicus. . Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. Then the design might need to be expanded.Salvia officinalis. Even in limited space. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Artemisia dracunculus var. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Japanese yew 17.Satureja hortensis. dill 2. A. 1. Origanum majorana. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. still observing a scale.Thymus × citriodorus.A.

Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil chive 12.6.Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

Asarum canadense. 1. sweet violet 16. cinnamon fern 4.Allium ampeloprasum. Monarda didyma. garden sage 17.Teucrium chamaedrys. wild ginger 27. Dictamnus albus. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Digitalis grandiflora. salad 20. fennel 19. 9.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . yellow 29. 8. blue lungwort 26. 18. 6. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 25. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.Primula vulgaris.Polystichum acrostichoides. fraxinella 15.Stachys byzantina. bee balm 14. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. The long. 31. Viola odorata. lemon thyme 28.Pulmonaria officinalis. Landscape Architect. 30. Christmas fern 5. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender marjoram 2.A. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Artemisia dracunculus var. hop sativa. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. This is an intimate garden.Polemonium reptans. 7. Jacob's-ladder 3. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. the challenge is obvious. A. summer 21.Humulus lupulus.Thymus × citriodorus.Convallaria majalis. The number in each planting area is the key number.L.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.S. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Origanum majorana. 32. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Osmunda cinnamomea. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. 13. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. 33. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.

Satureja montana.savory germander Willmott'. French'.lilac 10. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Tsuga canadensis. crispum.Petroselinum crispum var. 35.Korean box 11. Canada hemlock Standard'.Galium verum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Buxus microphylla var. French thyme woodruff koreana.Sorbus americana. yellow bedstraw 23. winter savory 24.Galium odoratum. curly parsley mountain ash 12. sweet 34.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.

devoted to a "yearly surprise.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. Even so. this design can be an inspiration.Petroselinum crispum var. it became part of the patio. To be placed near the kitchen. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. garden sage 20. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. dill 10. Italian parsley .Rumex scutatus. 1. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Aloysia triphylla. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. One of the beds. neapolitanum.Salvia officinalis.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden.Origanum heracleoticum. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. 19. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Surprisingly. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. It is a pleasing. lemon verbena 2. geometric design.

Ocimum basilicum 12. sweet 14.Allium tuberosum. curly parsley 22. sweet 13.Satureja montana. chervil marjoram 21. salad 15.Satureja hortensis.Myrrhis odorata.Anthriscus cerefolium.Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .3.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Borago officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia dracunculus var. Alpine strawberry 7. winter savory 24. lemon balm cicely 6.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. lemon basil 9. garlic chive 26. sweet 18.17. English thyme bush basil 8. crispum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. 16.Origanum majorana.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. borage 'Purpurascens'. chive 25. purple basil 4.Petroselinum crispum var. summer savory 23. basil sativa. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.

gray .Rosmarinus officinalis. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. too. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Santolina virens.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Lavandula angustifolia. rosemary 3. Created in an orderly way.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. D. 14.C. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears 20. purple basil 4. winter 21.Galium odoratum. green santolina 12.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. scented-leaf geranium 2.Hyssopus officinalis. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. English thyme lemon thyme 11. The center beds here were established in this way.Thymus × citriodorus. 1.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. blue 22. sweet 13. it is an unusual.Pelargonium in variety.Myrrhis odorata. 19. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. sweet cicely 23. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Satureja montana. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. English lavender 10. As a whole. the work paths could be eliminated. it is full of interesting angles. so. geometric design.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Stachys byzantina. To increase the planting area.

garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . germander 16.Marrubium vulgare. 25. silver mound artemisia 18.Ilex opaca. clove pink 7.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. camphor-scented wormwood 8. classic myrtle 9.Artemisia abrotanum. horehound24.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme santolina 15. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia camphorata.Myrtus communis.6.Salvia officinalis.

Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. this herb garden is secluded. Coix lacryma-jobi. Job's tears 11. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Artemisia dracunculus var. too. sweet woodruff 5. rosemary 15. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. blue hyssop 2. absinthe 26.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 25. which adds its impression of warmth. winter savory 16. Sometimes space is limited. purple basil 3.Melissa officinalis. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. This center of interest is of particular note.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Calendula officinalis. sweet basil 4. French tarragon 14. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Hyssopus officinalis. casts the shadow for the hour.Tanacetum vulgare. borage 23. and if an herb garden is to be created at all.Borago officinalis. arcticus 21.Chamaemelum .< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sativa.Artemisia absinthium. gray santolina 13. Its arrow points north and. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. English lavender 6. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. 1. Lavandula angustifolia. Galium odoratum. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. lemon balm 22. pot marigold 24. Ocimum basilicum. yarrow 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Achillea millefolium.Satureja montana.

scented-leaf 27. costmary 'Albus'. white creeping thyme nobile. sweet 29.7. variegated garden sage 8. Salvia elegans. chamomile 17.Origanum vulgare. comfrey20. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium in variety. Salvia officinalis.Carya illinoinensis.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Chrysanthemum balsamita. wild marjoram 28.Syringa.Symphytum officinale. chive 18. marjoram pecan 10.Origanum majorana. garden sage 19. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . pineapplescented sage 9.

rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Salvia officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. 8. rose geranium 2. The more invasive ones. garlic Levisticum officinale. horehound 33. dill 20. 5. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. true ginger16.Pelargonium graveolens. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium × limoneum. 36.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 1.Apium graveolens. 3.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. sativa. 19. 30. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Galium odoratum. rue 31. parsley 17. French sorrel 21. sweet 34. sunken into the ground. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. lovage 22. 9.Ruta graveolens.Allium sativum. When controlled in this way. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 7.Ipomoea alba. Anthriscus cerefolium. blue 23. summer 32. 4.Satureja hortensis. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. chervil 15. sweet cicely 37. 6. lemon balm 35.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. 29.Myrrhis odorata. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. 18. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Origanum majorana. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. hyssop Meyer lemon . French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.

spearmint 27. dwarf nasturtium 13. sweet basil 38.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Japanese yew 39. salad burnet 25. lemonthyme 28. Greek oregano 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus.Aloysia triphylla.Origanum heracleoticum.Poterium sanguisorba.Tropaeolum minus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.10.Mentha spicata.Magnolia virginiana. bush basil 14. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . French thyme 24. lemon verbena 11. English thyme 26.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum.

Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. simplify!. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. but. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. "Simplify. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. whatever the reason. < previous page page_22 next page > . a quick way to ensure good drainage. however. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. spearmint 21.Monarda didyma.Lactuca sativa. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. bee balm 19. 12.Artemisia absinthium.Satureja hortensis.Allium fistulosum. lettuce 10. aloe Grossum Group. lemon 22. spicebush absinthe French'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Lindera benzoin. rue 20.Ruta graveolens. dill 13. garden sage 3. jewelweed24. 18.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha x piperita.Galium odoratum.Artemisia dracunculus var. balm sativa.The number in each planting area is the key number. bell pepper 6. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . French tarragon 5.Mentha spicata. sweet 17. peppermint 23. 16.Melissa officinalis.Anethum graveolens. arcticus. tomato American pennyroyal 4. sweet 25.Rosmarinus officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare.Hedeoma pulegioides. 1. sweet 15. parsley 2.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Aloe barbadensis. 26. tansy 11.Salvia officinalis.Origanum majorana. summer basil savory 7.Petroselinum crispum.Impatiens capensis.Capsicum frutescens.Thymus praecox subsp. 14.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

arcticus 14. Perovskia abrotanoides. A low wall of brick. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. Russian 13. Thymus praecox subsp. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically.Pelargonium in variety. too. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. . faced and capped with random. encloses this plan. 8. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 7. French thyme 2. horizontally laid bluestone.

St. lady's6. lavender 3. lemon thyme 10.Hyssopus officinalis. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. white creeping thyme 5. lemon balm hyssop 12.Alchemilla vulgaris.Campsis radicans. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.angustifolia. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. Thymus × citriodorus.Viburnum cassinoides. trumpet vine 16.Melissa officinalis.Hamamelis virginiana. arcticus 'Albus'. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .-John'swort 17. crimson creeping thyme 9.Galium odoratum.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. witch hazel 18.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. blue 11.Santolina neapolitana 4.

bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. It is. box. lilac. Germander is a proper edging here. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. < previous page page_28 next page > . a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. the shrubsyew. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. Although this is not a large garden. however. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. However. holly.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Simkins'. fringed wormwood 16.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. prostrate rosemary 13. lavender 22.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. mint silver mound artemisia 25. Japanese holly 47.Borago officinalis.Artemisia camphorata. Thymus praecox subsp. santolina alpine pink 28. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. Japanese holly 42. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Syringa patula. lamb'sears 35. sweet albula. white hyssop 4. dwarf crested iris 39.Thymus praecox subsp. classic myrtle 15.Satureja montana. dwarf box 41. 12.Myrtus communis.Dictamnus albus.Anemone pulsatilla.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 1.Eloise & Jo Ray. Marrubium vulgare. cottage pink 2. broom 40. winter 29.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Ruta graveolens. Corsican 24. columnal yew 43. shrubby cinquefoil 46. Myrrhis odorata.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. woolly thyme 7. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Chamaemelum nobile. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Santolina pinnata 34. dwarf privet 48. 32. Mentha requienii. 26. Heliotropium arborescens.Stachys byzantina. sweet cicely17.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. lilac 45.Iris × germanica var. lady's. alpine strawberry 8. 18.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. mantle chamomile 5.Salvia leucophylla. 9.Cytisus supinus. sweet violet 19. 21.Santolina virens.Salvia sclarea. gray sage savory 14. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. blue horehound hyssop 3. germander 36. crimson creeping thyme 31.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus. florentina. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Hyssopus officinalis. orris 38. rue 6. green 27.Iris cristata.Comptonia peregrina. 23.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. clary 30. Viola odorata.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Alchemilla vulgaris. red creeping thyme 10.Artemisia frigida. arcticus 'Albus'.20. Thymus praecox subsp. Japanese yew 44. fraxinella 33.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 37.

and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. < previous page page_30 next page > . as is true here in the vegetable garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. a running bond pattern. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. and a vegetable garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. a cutting garden. an herb garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. the center of interest for the herb garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. This hedge. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. Other paths are brick. The direction a path takes can add interest. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines.

A. Landscape Architect.S. .< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. A.

Louise'. 22. 1. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. Anethum graveolens 23.Hemerocallis × luteola. lemon 29.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. summer 34.Salvia officinalis. pale 28. Stokes' aster 31. columbine dwarf marigold 6. lemon thyme 40.Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory 44. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. Rosmarinus officinalis.Helleborus niger.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . dill wishbone flower 5. York-andLancaster rose 16. sweet marjoram 45.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Origanum majorana.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Ocimum basilicum 54.Stokesia laevis.Polystichum acrostichoides. candytuft Standard'. 32. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. blue hyssop 43. clary 46.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Lilium candidum.Stachys byzantina.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. fraxinella 26. 55.Aloysia triphylla. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. green santolina 42.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Magnolia virginiana.Satureja montana. yellow 24. sativa.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. lamb's-ears 49. 37. yellow 35. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. sweet 51. 14.Petroselinum crispum var. 53. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. purple basil Japanese holly 17. Dictamnus albus. 47.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Santolina virens. white 'Bouquet'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium odoratum. 50.Thymus × citriodorus.Digitalis grandiflora. helenium 4. alpine strawberry 3. double white peony of-Persia 12. starsMaxima'. Aquilegia chrysantha.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.The number in each planting area is the key number. Achillea taygetea. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. bush basil 41.Pelargonium in variety. plantain lily 2. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. cottage pink French'.Teucrium chamaedrys. garden sage 56.Limonium latifolium. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 18.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. yellow epimedium 15. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. verbena rose chive 11.Allium christophii.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. germander 39.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. French thyme 7. blue 27.Origanum heracleoticum.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon 8.Ribes alpinum.Allium schoenoprasum. Christmas 48.Salvia sclarea. 52. statice Solemacher'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. blue iris 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Campanula persicifolia.Chrysanthemum × superbum.

A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. as in this case. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. While serving as a soil retainer.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. a retaining wall or walls are needed. < previous page page_32 next page > . This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space.

bee balm 24.Alchemilla vulgaris. Monarda didyma.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola odorata. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lemon 22. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. .Iris pseudacorus.R.Mentha spicata. lady's43. 21. 1.Thymus × citriodorus.45.A. F.Galium odoratum. English 44. Ocimum basilicum. lamb's25. crispum. spearmint 41. 42.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Iris cristata.A. borage 26. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Borago officinalis. Melissa officinalis. sweet 23. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Aloysia triphylla. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. The number in each planting area is the key number.Tanacetum vulgare var. Landscape Architect. Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon verbena 46.

Proliferum Group. rue 51.Cornus florida.Allium tuberosum. 56.Verbascum thapsus.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Satureja hortensis. absinthe English thyme 27.Allium ampeloprasum. 40.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Allium cepa.Mentha × piperita var. southernwood 31. myrtle 58. post crispum 'Banquet'.Salvia officinalis. 33.Artemisia abrotanum. flowering dogwood 15.Artemisia absinthium.Petroselinum crispum var. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Crataegus arkansana.Allium sativum. garlic chive 48.Vinca minor. citrata. fennel 35.Petroselinum crispum var. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. clove 55. savory sativa. 52. French tarragon holly 13. wild 39. pink hawthorn 16. polyantha rose 12.Origanum heracleoticum.7. Rosmarinus officinalis. 37.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Rosa × rehderana. Ajuga reptans. dill 34. pineapple38. Porrum Group.Origanum majorana. curly mint 30. rosemary 9. sweet marjoram 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . pennyroyal 54. curly parsley oak 17.Marrubium vulgare.Elaeagnus pungens. Egyptian onion 11.Nepeta cataria. salad burnet 10. tabasco senna pepper 20. mullein chive 47.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Mentha pulegium.Quercus stellata. 57.Foeniculum vulgare. carpet bugleweed 8. leek 49.Dianthus caryophyllus.Cassia marilandica. catnip 50. summer 32. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. orange mint 29. Greek 53.Salvia elegans.Ruta graveolens. horehound neapolitanum. Poterium sanguisorba.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Capsicum frutescens. garden sage 36.

it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. However. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. sleep pillows. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. Although this is a northeast exposure. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. and vinegars.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. < previous page page_34 next page > . It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. mothproofing bags. which are a good way to supply controlled shade.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.

Hyssopus officinalis . French gray santolina sorrel 8.Ocimum basilicum 27. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Satureja montana.Agastache foeniculum. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. English finger-bowl geranium 38. 'President Poincare'. 'Monge'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Allium pulchellum 47.Allium sphaerocephalum.Rosmarinus officinalis. Petroselinum crispum var. bay 48.Iris × germanica var.Tsuga canadensis.Thuja occidentalis.Pelargonium × limoneum.The number in each planting area is the key number. peppermint geranium 40. tansy 16.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rumex scutatus. lily leek 44. orris 17.Pelargonium fragrans. garden sage 2. Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium graveolens. 21. lemon 18. lavender 7. lemon verbena 36. 19.Hemerocallis. round-headed garlic 46. Hallock'. lemon 31.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. Artemisia pontica. garden 'Purpurascens'.Melissa officinalis. pot 28. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. Egyptian onion 42. anise hyssop 14. lilac 32. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Aloysia triphylla.Laurus nobilis. 1. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. sativa. rue 26. winter 29.Salvia oficinalis.Calendula officinalis. crispum. southernwood 9. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Allium sativum var.Tanacetum vulgare. 49.Levisticum officinale. Ruta graveolens. florentina.Allium cepa. American rosemary arborvitae 34. dwarf nasturtium 37.Valeriana officinalis. lettuce in variety 25.Salvia elegans.Artemisia dracunculus var. Roman 20. 23. daylily in variety 41. nutmeg geranium 39. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Tropaeolum minus. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 24. burnet lovage 6.Salvia officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue hyssop 35.Artemisia abrotanum.Monarda didyma. chive 43. French tarragon 10. Proliferum Group. costmary 5. Thymus × citriodorus. Lactuca. bee balm 30.Allium schoenoprasum. balm valerian 15.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. 50. purple basil sage 11.Galium odoratum.Mentha spicata. salad 22.Allium moly.

A simple knot. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. < previous page page_36 next page > . Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. is the focus of the middle level. Invasive.

salad burnet 23. bee balm 26.Artemisia dracunculus var. valerian 5.Monarda didyma. foxglove 4.Satureja hortensis. thyme 3. dwarf winter savory 2. French tarragon 44. fennel 25.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Digitalis purpurea.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound 46. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Poterium sanguisorba. summer savory 43. Valeriana officinalis. golden thyme .Armeria maritima.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pineapple mint 22. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Marrubium vulgare. houseleek 45. Satureja montana 'Nana'. 1.Salvia elegans.Sempervivum tectorum. white thrift 24. pineapplescented sage 47. sativa.

Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. China rose comfrey 19. angelica Lenten rose 10. Angelica archangelica.Eranthis hyemalis.Rosa eglanteria. 38.Helleborus orientalis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Hyssopus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. pink 59.Lavandula angustifolia.Symphytum officinale.Laurus nobilis. yellow 41. marigold chive 15.Crocus sativus.Teucrium chamaedrys. absinthe 53. 61. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Anemone pulsatilla. rosemary 28. sweet basil sage 27.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. dwarf edging box 21.Thymus praecox subsp. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. sweet 50. dyer's woad 7. 54.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. parthenium. annual clary 51.Origanum majorana. sweet 37.Ruta graveolens. Madonna cicely lily 12.Galium odoratum. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. Salvia sclarea.Helleborus niger. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Ocimum basilicum. rue 31.6. fraxinella 8.Chrysanthemum 36.Salvia viridis.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. Isatis tinctoria. lavender Christmas rose 11. pink 62. 33.Salvia officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. 39. feverfew climbing rose 16. clary 48. sweet 32. skirret 60.Calendula officinalis. 40. blue hyssop 57.Sium sisarum.Galium verum.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Rosa chinensis. Dictamnus albus. germander 56. white creeping thyme aconite 14. garden 42. pot 35. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Echium vulgare.Myrrhis odorata. 30. viper's 34.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. French'. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Agrimonia eupatoria.Lilium candidum. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. arcticus 55.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia absinthium.Alchemilla vulgaris.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. white 58. English 52.Foeniculum vulgare.

< previous page page_38 next page > . and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Carya ovata. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and the shagbark hickory. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. There is variety in this plan.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. However. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. even though space is limited.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.

sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. box Carya ovata. Canada Isatis tinctoria. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. valerian Rosa damascena. angelica Mondarda didyma. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. lamb's. Poterium sanguisorba. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. box Buxus sempervirens. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. germander Agastache foeniculum. Artemisia absinthium. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. French Galium odoratum. dogwood Salvia sclarea. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety.Galium verum. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. borage Petroselinum crispum. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. citrata. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys.Arisaema triphyllum. Marrubium vulgare. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. flax Buxus sempervirens. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. Adiantum pedatum. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. Asarum canadense. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. chive Ilex opaca. green santolina Primula veris. sativa. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. red mint . cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. Aloysia triphylla. stewardsonii. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. sweet basil Satureja montana. rue Cornusflorida. box Ruta graveolens. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

too. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. is on a sandy knoll. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. first intended for the construction of a cottage. a dipping pool there. However. An informal. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. this excavation. it is open on the side facing the house. A clump of birch here. For this appearance. < previous page page_40 next page > . It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. A singular statue of St. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. unplanned look was desired.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Myrrhis odorata. catnip 73. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. pineapple3. white birch English lavender parthenium.Monarda fistulosa.Ocimum basilicum. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 32. lamb's-ears parsley 19. thrift55. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 72. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Petroselinum crispum. rue 29. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Salvia elegans.Tanacetum vulgare var. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Valeriana officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Chelidonium majus. pot 66.Origanum vulgare. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chrysanthemum 80.Teucrium canadense. 34. 69.Allium favum lovage 22.Levisticum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis. 52.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 77. blue 2. 64.Santolina florentina. 76.Pelargonium quercifolium. golden 37.Artemisia abrotanum. 75.Rosa 'Merry England'.Satureja montana.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha × gentilis.Urginea maritima. peppermint 47. chive crispum.Ajuga reptans. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Johnny-jump-up54.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Mentha suaveolens.Origanum majorana. winter savory 20.Chrysanthemum balsamita. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. rose geranium 10.Origanum onites.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Pelargonium crispum. wild 51. 33.Mentha pulegium. rose bergamot valerian 25. myrtle 14.Satureja hortensis.Digitalis grandiflora.Mentha spicata. 67. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 53.Coriandrum sativum. 31.Betula papyrifera. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. Ruta graveolens. purple basil 9. sweet 71.Achillea tomentosa. 63. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 60.Angelica archangelica. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. mint 50. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Vinca minor.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Armeria maritima. creeping juniper 26.Marrubium vulgare. 68. orris chamaecyparissus.Monarda didyma.Mentha × piperita. celandine cicely 18.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus herba-barona. 38. Iris × germanica var. Sempervivum tectorum. 59. 30. 1. marsh 42. garden sage lungwort 57. French'.Nepeta cataria.Pulmonaria officinalis.Althaea officinalis. 79.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. lemon balm 44.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola tricolor.Stachys byzantina. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 58. wild 43. lemon 35.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Convallaria majalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Pelargonium tomentosum.Digitalis purpurea. apple mint 49. spearmint 45. 70. 12.Glechoma hederacea. Thymus × citriodorus.Anethum graveolens. 78. 36.Pelargonium denticulatum. red mint 48. Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis.Consolida orientalis. fern-leaf tansy 23.Thymus praecox subsp. orange geranium 11. sea onion angelica 24. 'Prostratus'.Anthriscus cerefolium. feverfew 27.Pelargonium graveolens. 65. pennyroyal 46. 8. gray scented sage santolina 4. bee balm . 61. 74. woolly thyme 13.Salvia officinalis.

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A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. and the two small trees.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. They are clustered around the smokehouse. making it more a part of the herb garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Foundation stone. < previous page page_42 next page > . is used for the wall. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the same as the smokehouse construction. Because of the edging box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. the accents of the six large box.

S.A. A.L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. . Landscape Architect.

Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum 30. 44. 27. balsamita. balm citrata.Mentha × piperita.Satureja montana.Artemisia dracunculus var. verbena English thyme 5.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Crataegus laevigata. box 'Citriodorum'. blue angelica lungwort 20. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. lemon 36. sweet 37. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Melissa officinalis. Pelargonium graveolens. 22.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Symphytum officinale.Lilium candidum.38.Crocus. spearmint 48. 40.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia frigida.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha × piperita var.Myrrhis odorata. 31. 21.Buxus sempervirens. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Tanacetum vulgare var.Allium giganteum. crownbasil savory imperial 11. summer 25. orange mint 19. Lavandula angustifolia. fringed 43.Fritillaria imperialis.Allium schoenoprasum. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Angelica archangelica. 47. sweet 26.Viola tricolor. lovage 46.Galium odoratum. lemon 34. Asarum europaeum.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. species in variety crispum.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. European ginger 4.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. 41. Dictamnus albus. pineapple mint 18. English 'Minimum'.Prunus domestica.Alchemilla vulgaris.Chrysanthemum 28. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 39. dwarf edging box 14.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon basil 15. sweet cicely45.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha requienii.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. bee balm 29. Ocimum basilicum 24. purple basil sativa. rosemary 3. sweet marjoram 2. Satureja hortensis.Aloysia triphylla. fraxinella 17. white 23. 35. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. 'Purpurascens'. Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 32. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . lady's. Corsican 33.Levisticum officinale. winter 42.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 1.

Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. two specimen shrubs. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. pink of Dianthus. although it is ample at four feet. This is true also of the stone curbing. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. the dwarf box edging. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. The dipping bowl. too. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. < previous page page_44 next page > . Lowgrowing. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Instead. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. This hedge.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. a soil retainer.

Landscape Architect.A.L. . A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.

orange mint 8.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Narcissus asturiensis.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. prostrate rosemary 18. lily.Allium christophii. lemon 33.57. golden thyme41. white 42. 49. Compactus'. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 46.Crocus speciosus.Santolina virens. marjoram crocus 7. black cohosh windflower 15. lamb's-ears 28.Pelargonium in variety.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. lemon 60.Narcissus triandrus var.Teucrium canadense.Hamamelis virginiana. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 43. 52. spearmint 48.Sternbergia lutea.Nepeta mussinii. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. Salvia officinalis. gray 22. 17. Madonna 63. 58. verbena snowflake 19. clary 32. arcticus 30.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Mertensia virginica.Galanthus nivalis. 1. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 20. 45. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Digitalis grandiflora.Thymus herba-barona. 51.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha spicata.Borago officinalis. rue25. thyme 29. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Tulipa clusiana.Crocus kotschyanus.Anemone blanda. Thymus doerfleri. 56.Crocus tomasinianus. green santolina 37. 53. Thymus praecox subsp. tulip citrata. borage 31. angustifolia 'Nana'. 40.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Satureja montana. Stachys byzantina.Salvia sclarea.Dicentra spectabilis. 26. 44.Mentha × piperita var.Crocus angustifolius.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 61.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet 47.Helleborus lividus subsp.Pelargonium in variety. American 38.Myrica pensylvanica.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Mentha × piperita.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Levisticum officinale.Galium odoratum. 54.Ocimum basilicum. 36.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 55. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 2. winter savory 39.Lilium candidum. catmint 35.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Helleborus niger. sweet 27. arcticus 34. angel's-tears 59. caraway thyme albus.Cimicifuga racemosa.Angelica archangelica. 'Lanuginosus'.Leucojum aestivum. Origanum majorana. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 50.Convallaria majalis. Spanish bluebell 16. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.

The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . very livable and profoundly satisfying. Second. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. First.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Morning sun warms it early. The results have been most satisfying. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house.

sweet basil 23. Ocimum basilicum. Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis. Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Crocus sieberi. English thyme 43.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. Artemisia absinthium 24. 26.Tulipa tarda. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. French tarragon 5. woolly thyme 3. A. absinthe sativa. Beauty'.A.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Allium neapolitanum.Apium graveolens. garden sage 4. clary thyme 22. Landscape Architect. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. tulip 45. leek 46. lemon 21. 25.Artemisia dracunculus var. Porrum Group.Allium ampeloprasum. 'Lambrook Silver'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. 1. crocus 44. . Thymus × citriodorus. wild celery 42. marigold 41. The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia sclarea.L.Artemisia lactiflora.

Hyssopus officinalis.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. 54. yellow 55.Dianthus × allwoodii.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Dictamnus albus. alpine 28.Lobelia siphilitica.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. green 40. clematis 11. blue 38. pink 30. 58. butterfly 47.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium senescens var. lemon 50.Aconitum napellus. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . Viola odorata. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. pale 49.Ribes sativum.Crataegus phaenopyrum. great 31.Levisticum officinale.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Asclepias tuberosa.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia camphorata. 32. curly parsley 20. sweet 37.Rosmarinus officinalis. 39.Cornus florida.Ipomoea alba.Malus hupehensis. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Clematis 'Mrs. weed chive 48. white evergreen azalea 16.Achillea filipendula 60. American marjoram Yellow'.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Santolina virens. American elderberry 15. dogwood 19. Lavandula angustifolia.Aloysia triphylla.Tropaeolum minus. lobelia Sherbert'. 29. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. catmint 53. red currant gray santolina 13. lamb's-ears 52.Galium mollugo.Origanum majorana.Santolina chamaecyparissus. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. 56.Nepeta × faassenii. bee balm foxglove Choice'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. lovage 34. fraxinella 36.Stachys byzantina. monkshood upright yew 17. viola holly 18.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Ilex opaca.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. Robert verbena Brydon'. 8.Digitalis grandiflora.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.foxglove 7.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

are raised with bricks on edge. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. repeats again the octagonal form. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A birdbath of copper. even though the growing area is not extensive. Well-drained as they are. The four herb beds. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . an impression of Sol in it. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula dentata.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. rue 35. dill 18.Pelargonium tomentosum. angustifolia. absinthe 20.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. sweet woodruff 9.Ruta graveolens. sweet basil 22. curly mint 3. 19.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Galium odoratum. rosemary 33. thyme salad burnet 40. 1. Anethum graveolens. lavender 15.Poterium sanguisorba. 42.Joan E. purple basil 24.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 41. 27. Stachys byzantina.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lamb's-ears 17. 43. lemon 30. gray 'Prince of Orange'. white creeping thyme 12.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 16. bush basil 23. clove pink 10. crispum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Salvia sclarea. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Santolina 25.Ocimum basilicum.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus × citriodorus.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Marrubium vulgare. French tarragon 7.Pelargonium graveolens. English thyme horehound 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. 29.Allium schoenoprasum. spearmint southernwood 5.Allium tuberosum.Lavandula angustifolia. 28. purple variegated garden sage 36. variegated garden sage 37. heliotrope 31.Petroselinum crispum var. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. golden variegated garden sage 38.Pelargonium crispum.Nepeta mussinii.Mentha spicata. peppermint 4. lavender pine geranium chive 13. sativa. Artemisia abrotanum. orange santolina geranium 11. clary 21. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Mentha × piperita. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. curly parsley 32. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Artemisia dracunculus var. prostrate rosemary 34. French 26.Salvia officinalis. catmint 6. Artemisia absinthium. Semple.Pelargonium denticulatum. lemon 39. silver mound artemisia 8.

Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. A suitable fence. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. a toolhouse. rose. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. and lantana are a few. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. lemon verbena. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose geranium.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. < previous page page_52 next page > . too. A birdbath may replace the pool. if neither is available.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

gray santolina chamomile 14.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. rosescented geranium 17.Santolina virens. geranium 16.L. green 12. lemon thyme 20.S.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. crispum. 9. zonal geranium 18. 1.Chamaemelum nobile. zonal geranium 19.Aloysia triphylla. heliotrope 21. The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia absinthium 11. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Chenopodium botrys.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum majorana. lemon 10. A.A.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. absinthe 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Albus'. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Architect. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium frutetorum. woolly thyme 15.Rosmarinus officinalis. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. bush basil 5. 7. verbena ambrosia 4. fern-leaf tansy 8. white creeping thyme 2.Thymus praecox subsp. 13. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Heliotropium arborescens. lavender 3.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Tanacetum vulgare var.

< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. artemisias. The dwarf box frames the focal point. Angelica. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. mints. a deep mauve to others. the design is clearly traced. As the snows melt. apothecary's rose. but the design itself has endured forty years. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. These can easily obliterate a design. a sundial. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. box. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. Box and holly enclose it all.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

green.Reseda luteola. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. 1.Buxus sempervirens.Pyrus communis. 'Albus'.Helleborus atrorubens 12. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. lady's-mantle 46. germander 43.Iris × germanica var.Thymus praecox subsp. absinthe 34.Perillafrutescens. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . 62.Hyssopus officinalis. houseleek Lenten rose 11. gray 37. Graham. thrift 41. feverfew 14.Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. arcticus 40.Foeniculum vulgare. sweet European ginger cicely 3. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Myrrhis odorata.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lilium candidum.Monarda fistulosa.Melissa officinalis. Santolina virens.63. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Lamium album. 26.Tanacetum vulgare var.Sedum telephium.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. grape fennel 19. scented.Galium odoratum. sweet 27. fern-leaf tansy 5. yew Beauty'. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. rosemary 25. green santolina 24.Sium sisarum. marjoram lungwort crispum. southernwood 2. Pelargonium in variety.47. lamb's-ears 33.Asarum europaeum. white dead 49. 56.Origanum onites.Thymus praecox subsp. chamomile 31. butterfly weed35.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pulmonaria officinalis.Lavandula dentata. dyer's woad 9.Sempervivum tectorum.Lavandula angustifolia. white creeping thyme French'. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Armeria maritima.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Artemisia absinthium.Alchemilla vulgaris.Syringa.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.James D.Astrantia major.30. apothecary's rose lavender 20. orris 57. daffodil 17. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 42. 67. crimson creeping thyme 18. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Asclepias tuberosa.Symphytum officinale. 48. nasturtium 28. rue 23.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Taxus. white 66.Arisaema dracontium. Tropaeolum majus. 55. Dianthus caryophyllus.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. florentina. masterwort 69.Helleborus orientalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helleborus niger. sweet woodruff45. skirret 53. piney 44. wild 52. valerian 6. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Santolina neapolitana 36. 59. winter savory 32. weld 54.Paeonia officinalis. dwarf edging box 21. blue 50. alpine 60. Origanum majorana.Stachys byzantina. lilac 70. orris box 22.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. Satureja montana. Chamaemelum nobile. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 58.Vitis. bronze 64.Isatis tinctoria. Canadian burnet 13. perilla 51. arcticus 39.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. clove pink 29. 65.Valeriana officinalis. arcticus 38.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus praecox subsp.

with buds of red. < previous page page_56 next page > . However. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. In addition to the brick edging around each. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. rising from the courtyard. They are small specialty beds. but no panacea for the maintenance required. include this one. The brick edging around each bed is a help. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. At the top of the steps. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Rosa 'Albertine'. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. pink. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. The large. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. If there is room for only one rambler rose.

23. Angelica archangelica.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 1. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Satureja montana. garden sage 40. lavender 4. lemon balm 42. winter savory 41. Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rhubarb 2.Borago officinalis. tansy Bois'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare. subsp.Melissa officinalis. foxglove 39.Thymus × citriodorus. angelica 20. caraway 24.Rheum rhabarbarum. alpine strawberry 3. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. 22.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. English thyme . bush basil 43. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Carum carvi.

musk rose 12. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. pineapple34. marguerite chive 9.6.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Origanum majorana.Dianthus Victoria'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. 36.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia elegans.R. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 31. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.R.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. centifolia var.Calendula officinalis. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Poterium sanguisorba.'Baronne Prevost'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.'Albertine'. curly parsley 26. muscosa 15.sativa. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Tagetes filifolia. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.R.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Chrysanthemum 46. Irish-lace 48.Chrysanthemum.R.Lavandula dentata. salad 7.R. Mexican tea 18. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. pot 50. 35. 54. thyme frutescens. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. Consolida ambigua. Pelargonium graveolens. French'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Mentha × piperita var. sweet 37. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Satureja hortensis. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. 56. Hyssopus officinalis. Thymus 'Argenteus'. silver 27. prostrate rosemary 16.Anethum graveolens 47. bourbon rose 10. centifolia.R. citrata.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Chenopodium 55. var. 49. 29. French 33. clove pink Mammoth'.Petroselinum crispum var.Laurus nobilis. rose 28. centifolia 'Cristata'.R. lemon 51.R. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Allium schoenoprasum.Teucrium chamaedrys. 45.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. geranium in 30.Pelargonium.Chrysanthemum balsamita. blue hyssop 25.Marrubium vulgare. cheddar pink 53.

Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Balance is augmented. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Laid in an unusual pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. < previous page page_58 next page > .< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. too. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. It is near the house. as it should be.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Salvia officinalis.L.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Anethum graveolens.Satureja hortensis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Santolina virens.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum majorana.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. blue hyssop 13.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.A.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. Rosmarinus officinalis.S. sweet basil 14. Landscape Architect. 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Heliotropium arborescens. heliotrope 3.Myosotis sylvatica.Aloysia triphylla. chive lemon verbena 6. dill 9. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Lucile Teeter Kissack. lavender 2. 21. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. 23. 16. green 22. dwarf edging box 8.Poterium sanguisorba. 17. double white peony 5. English'.Allium schoenoprasum. The number in each planting area is the key number. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. white creeping thyme 4. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. English thyme signet marigold 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. santolina moss rose 7. 24. arcticus 'Albus'. gray 15. A. 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. rosemary yellow viola 10.

the fence with roses. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. potted lemon verbena. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. and a comfortable. Herbs. and the grape arbor. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. winter pruned. too. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The grape vines. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'.Connecticut Vera Breed. three. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Nepeta mussinii. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. 3.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Galium odoratum. BED II germander BED IV 2. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Teucrium chamaedrys. Aloysia triphylla. sweet climbing rose. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Stachys byzantina. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Althaea officinalis. conical yew rosemary 1. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Iris cristata. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Valeriana officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 4. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lemon Linum perenne. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. marsh climbing rose. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis.

lemon Anemone hybrida. Chamaemelum nobile. plume Baptisia australis. Rosmarinus officinalis. Thymus. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Thymus × citriodorus. catmint 5. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. lemon thyme 9. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. fairy rose Giant'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Delphinium × belladonna. creeping thyme in variety 8. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. tuberosa 6. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 10. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. houseleek in variety 7. beach Marrubium vulgare. Sempervivum.

this was replaced with ''edging" box. Later. tend to broaden the width of the garden. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. silver. Ivy. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. myrtle. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. if desired. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . its detail is shown below. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. and bright green in the herb beds. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. magnolia. blue green. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. grew too large. Either it flourished too well. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Another angle could be tried with these. Herbs. planted in bands across these beds. holly.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

lime geranium 4.Pelargonium fragrans.Monarda didyma. lemon 29.Hedera helix.Thymus herba-barona.Vinca minor.Ilex opaca.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum 22.Laurus nobilis.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1. bee balm30. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. Borago officinalis. sweet woodruff 36.Satureja montana.Magnolia grandiflora. box chamaecyparissus.19. tansy 45.Melissa officinalis. bay rosemary 12. arcticus 'Albus'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. silver-king artemisia 23. myrtle 47. thyme 38.Thymus × citriodorus. French thyme 39. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. Stachys byzantina.Mentha suaveolens.Mentha spicata. purple garden sage 7. 6. dwarf edging box 11. lamb's.Marrubium vulgare. borage 26. rue 20.Artemisia ludoviciana var. spearmint 42. 33. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. English thyme chamomile 2.Pelargonium graveolens.Buxus sempervirens 14.Myrica pensylvanica.Thymus doerfleri. American holly 31.Thymus 'Argenteus'. bush basil albula.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. lovage 48. bayberry balm thyme 13. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Pelargonium × nervosum. French 27. 25.Lavandula angustifolia. horehound germander 17. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Teucrium chamaedrys. Ocimum basilicum 24.Rosmarinus officinalis. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. caraway thyme 40. 44. salad 43. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . ears rose geranium 3.Rumex scutatus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia abrotanum. sweet 34.Chamaemelum nobile. thyme 37. English ivy burnet 10.Galium odoratum.Thymus carnosus. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. Tropaeolum minus. gray santolina 15. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. dwarf 21.Levisticum officinale. 49. woolly thyme 8.Thymus praecox subsp. English'. white creeping thyme 41.Poterium sanguisorba. 'Minimum'. purple basil savory 35. winter 'Purpurascens'. lemon 46. 28. Ruta graveolens.Tanacetum vulgare.Origanum majorana.

The four potted bay. The use of flagstone. adding to the space for walking. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. brick. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. too. and treessome of which are espaliered. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. It is located for the best viewing. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. maypoles. It is a large garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Laurus nobilis. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. standards. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. potted shrubs. < previous page page_64 next page > . Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. too. accent this prime focal point even more. There is variety in the walks.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden.

Chrysanthemum balsamita.P. love-in. Johnny-jump. pot 52.Chenopodium botrys. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.acerifolium. musty oakscented geranium 5.Viola tricolor. Thymus × citriodorus. 1.quercifolium. 25. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. 26.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 51.Nigella damascena. fragrans. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. wild 28.P. apple English thyme up geranium 3.P.P.53. Satureja montana.P. winter 27.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.50. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .Calendula officinalis. 49. lemon 29.odoratissimum. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.

white creeping thyme geranium 68. lemon 47.Salvia caerulea. lemon 65. salad 42.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Monarda didyma.P.Melissa officinalis. forsythia 'Albus'. lemon southernwood geranium 34. bee balm 63. arcticus43. Hyssopus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Levisticum officinale.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus serpyllum.Viola odorata. crowfoot 70. lemon geranium 56. dill 36. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. camphor-scented geranium 69. 71. chamomile 8. blue hyssop 10.P. tomentosum. peppermint 67. lemon-rose geranium 22. glutinosum. horehound 46.Lavandula angustifolia. bronze 38. pheasant's. sweet flag 16.P. sweet 37.× nervosum.Fragaria vesca.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.P.Allium senescens var. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.72. lettuce 39.P. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. lemon geranium 33. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. Chamaemelum nobile. crispum 'Minor'. garden sage 54. 62. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Livingston'. Rosmarinus officinalis.P. 64. 58. 61. 57.Mentha pulegium.Pelargonium crispum.Marrubium vulgare.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Aloysia triphylla. French tarragon Rose'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.P. classic 21. radens 'Dr.Mentha. orange geranium 23. 41.P.6. fern-leaf 60. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Origanum majorana. denticulatum 11.P. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Poncirus trifoliata. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .P. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Malus.Origanum dictamnus.Petroselinum crispum. radens. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Thymus praecox subsp. denticulatum. crispum. lemon balm 45.Achilleafilipendula. lettuce 40.Artemisia dracunculus var. graveolens.Anethum graveolens.Acorus calamus. bay 20.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Poterium sanguisorba.Salvia officinalis. golden lemon thyme 7. pine crispum. English lavender 32. rosemary 9.Myrtus communis.Malus angustifolia. 44. box 19. strawberry 48. wild thyme 31.Laurus nobilis.Forsythia.Tanacetum vulgare var. parsley 35.P. lime geranium 55. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Artemisia abrotanum. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. rose geranium66. cherry tomato chive 17.

The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The result is one of sculptured elegance. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. and Allium karataviense.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. green santolina. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. too. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. This is a large garden by any standard. In keeping with this feeling. < previous page page_66 next page > .

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Foeniculum vulgare.Florence B.Artemisia frigida.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage 18. blue hyssop 16.Liriope muscari. Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium sativa. winter savory 9. big blue lilyturf 12. 15. chive 4.Satureja montana.Salvia officinalis. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Mentha suaveolens. fringed 7. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. lemon 11. dwarf garden 17.Allium christophii. Santolina virens.Allium moly.Hyssopus officinalis. gray 10. green santolina 14. arcticus.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. Baker. French tarragon schoenoprasum. apple mint 13.Levisticum officinale. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 8.Salvia officinalis. wormwood fennel 2.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. the upper deck. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. < previous page page_70 next page > . One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Many herb gardens could provide this. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the circle. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. and the front porch of the house. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the square. for the box after new spring growth. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

dwarf edging box 7. chamomile 2.Satureja montana. dwarf myrtle 6. lemon 8. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number. viola 3.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . lavender 5.Chamaemelum nobile.Cedrus deodara.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Cupressus sempervirens.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. Italian cypress 9. winter savory 4.

1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Paths are gravel. Coin with Tudor rose design.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. as it was with this plan." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Roses. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible.. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. from Peter Coats. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. rue 33.Primula vulgaris.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ruta graveolens. Foeniculum vulgare. wild thyme 5. spearmint 30. Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens. clove20.Viola odorata. lemon balm 31. 19. Malva sylvestris.Poterium sanguisorba. 25. English pasqueflower primrose 14. mallow 13. 1.Lilium candidum.Satureja montana. winter 32.Myrtus communis. 34.Petroselinum crispum. Dianthus caryophyllus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Fragaria vesca. sweet marjoram 3.Calendula officinalis. blue hyssop 2.Melissa officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. Madonna 23.Iris pseudacorus. oxlip 17. caraway 35. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. Thymus serpyllum. classic myrtle 18.Mentha × piperita. earth 24. sweet violet 6. saffron lily crocus 12. pot marigold 15. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Viola tricolor. fennel 21. 22.Lactuca sativa.Bellis perennis. yellow flag 26.Mentha spicata.Aconitum napellus. English daisy 36.Primula elatior.Anemone pulsatilla.Crocus sativus. salad burnet 10. Eryngium maritimum. rosemary 16. lettuce 28.Lavandula angustifolia. monkshood27.Carum carvi. absinthe peppermint 8. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Crithmum maritimum. Origanum majorana. chamomile 4.Fumaria officinalis. parsley 29.

concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. However.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. white. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. but Always Love. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. plumed. white blooms and woolly. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. along with a measure of fragrance. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. silver mound. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. most of the blooms are nightscented. its tufted. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. Selected for this reason. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. spurred. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden." Concrete blocks.

fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. silver mound artemisia 3. Stachys byzantina.19. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. petunia 30. 17. 'Albus'.Lilium candidum.Galanthus nivalis.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. sweet 31.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 1.Dictamnus albus. Thymus 'Argenteus'. white . rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. lamb's. silver 16. horehound 2.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pink 15. white 32.Marrubiam vulgare.Galium odoratum. Santolina chamaecyparissus.

Artemisia ludoviciana var. Viola odorata.Hesperis matronalis. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Ipomoea alba. 28. white 27. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. rose 41. rose 40.Iris × germanica var. sweet violet 20. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .6.21.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. western mugwort 7. white 22. lavender 12. dame's honesty rocket 14. 25. 23.Convallaria majalis. moonflower 39.Matthiola incana. Yucca filamentosa.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Rosa 'Cinderella'. tulip 37.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Lunaria annua. Artemisia absinthium. tulip 38. white stock absinthe 10.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. daffodil 35. tuberose 36.Artemisia stellerana. needle florentina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Artemisia ludoviciana. 26.Salvia sclarea.Polianthes tuberosa. orris 8. albula. clary 24.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. Adam's. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. lily-ofthe-valley 11. Artemisia lactiflora.

Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. Many of these herbs lack the hues. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. related to an old mill reconstruction. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Rather. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. textures. This herb garden. required their use as an educational adjunct. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. too. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. < previous page page_76 next page > .< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer.

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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Viburnum acerifolium.Crocus sativus.Hypericum perforatum. St.Furcraea hexapetala.Rhus typhina. French 33. 32. Hibiscus cannabinus. Manila 25.Solidago species.Urtica dioica. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. golden 40.Pteridium aquilinum. fuller's 30. onion China jute 4.Berberis vulgaris. 37. Gossypium hirsutum. Agave fourcroydes. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. 39.Tagetes patula. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. goldthread 41.Carthamus tinctorius. 43. 53.Prunus persica. stinging nettle44.Genista tinctoria. African 45.46. broad 42.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Boehmeria nivea.Morus rubra or alba. Abutilon theophrasti. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. blueberry 13. 1.Allium cepa. woad Susan laevifolium. Sansevieria trifasciata. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . weld 57. Agave sisalana. alkanet 52.Cotinus coggygria.51. black-eyed 50.Filipendula ulmaria.Cytisus scoparius.Ligustrum vulgare.Cladrastis lutea. 35.Isatis tinctoria. dyer's broom safflower 6. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. garden 56. privet marigold 15. 29.Galium odoratum. 22. ramie 24.Reseda luteola.Parmelia conspersa. Linum usitatissimum. 20. 34.Agrimonia eupatoria.Sanguinaria canadensis.Rudbeckia hirta.Galium verum. Musa textilis. yellow 55. 26.Rumex acetosa.. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Coptis trifolia.Convallaria majalis. dyer's 31. sweet 49. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Rumex obtusifolius.Phytolacca americana.Coreopsis tinctoria.Genista germanica. lily.Chelidonium majus.Anchusa officinalis. 48. 23. madder 54. 28.Monarda didyma. 47.Tagetes erecta.Rubia tinctorum. bee 36.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.38. Scotch broom hemp 7. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Mahonia aquifolium. queen. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Dipsacus sativus. sisal 27.Anthemis tinctoria.Hydrastis canadensis. peach bracken sorrel 19.Indigofera tinctoria. flax 21. sumac poke 17. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Polygonum hydropiperoides.

A totally appealing edging.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Elsewhere. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. as well as the roses. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. < previous page page_78 next page > . Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 24. 'Queen of the Prairies'. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Sombreuil'. Legras de St. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'White Rose of York' 3. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. 'American Pillar'. 25. cl. rambler 20. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. cl. 'Seven Sisters'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. the second shows the number of plants to be used. cl. 18. rambler 19. cl. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. Alfred de Rougemont'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 1. 'Mme. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 23. 22.

Circles and angles provide interest. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. < previous page page_80 next page > .< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

26.L. red 38.A. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. 39. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . eggplant 43. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. schoenoprasum. annuum 'Teno'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. Beauty'.L. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.B.C. C. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. 29.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. annuum 'Mosaic'.S.B. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.annuum 'Floral Gem'. 25.B. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. garlic chive 44. oleracea 'Green Parade'. 32. graveolens var. red 37.C. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. 45. oleracea 'Red Acre'. oleracea 'Prima'.B.esculentum 'Long Black'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. chive 42.S. celery Group.A. graveolens var. tuberosum. pear Purple Vienna'. shallot Lakes'. curly eggplant parsley 23.C. C. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. C.A. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.A.B.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 27. melongena 2. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.Solanum melongena var. leek 5. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. C.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. 30. Petroselinum crispum var. kohlrabi Rock'. melongena 1. graveolens var. scorodoprasum.C. white-flowered kale 49. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.A.A. celery Bed 9. 40. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. annuum 'Fips'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. annuum 'Variegata'. 48.B. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.sativa 'Ruby'. 28. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. graveolens 'French Dinant'. cepa Proliferum Group. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.B. 22. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.Apium graveolens var. dulce 50. C. sprouts celery 8. Capsicum annuum var.A. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. crispum 'Banquet'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Cichorium intybus. cherry tomato 34. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. Boerner. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. dulce 47. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. red-flowered kale 6.B.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. celery I 31. annuum 'Red Boy'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.C. giant garlic var. 24.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.C.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Black Prince'. ruby swiss chard var. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.A.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. C. C.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. annuum 'Nosegay'. lycopersicum var.B.B.B. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. annuum 'Golden Bell'.A.

and golden thyme. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. When viewed from the terrace above. for each is a complete entity. winter savory. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. arcs. All of the circles. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

lime geranium Rose'. green 14.P. 15. lemon geranium 22. Santolina virens. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. peppermint 26. radens 'Dr.P. rose geranium 27.P. crispum.P. orange geranium 8. 12. apple gray santolina geranium 3. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . graveolens. winter 13.P. 19. Livingston'. acerifolium.P.S. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.' lemon geranium 23.Ilex glabra.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. 17. A. tomentosum. pungent-scented geranium 25. × nervosum 'Torento'. germander crowfoot geranium 21.P. golden 11.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. gooseberry geranium 24. crispum 'French Lace. Assoc.P. 1. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. The number in each planting area is the key number. Marshall.Melissa R. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. Satureja montana.× nervosum.P. scabrum. Santolina chamaecyparissus.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.P. odoratissimum. Landscape Architect.. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. P. inkberry geranium 9. apricot geranium28.L. 29.P.P.P.Myrica pensylvanica.P. oak-leaved geranium 16. Teucrium chamaedrys. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. × domesticum 6.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.A. rose-scented geranium 4. P. maple-leaved 18. P. grossularioides. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.

A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Maintenance is high for a knot. For ease of maintenance this same knot design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. blue hyssop 3.Lavandula angustifolia. . The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. English lavender 2.Hyssopus officinalis. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. closed knot design. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. Its interspaces can be mulched. For the knot to look its best at all times. To ease the care for a more complicated design. filled with plants that have contrasting color. on page 37.Santolina virens. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. which is framed with a brick edging. sand. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. and growth to the plants of the knot design. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. 1. especially when it is blooming. such as a dwarf edging box. was planted using edging box only. texture.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. or marble chips.

green santolina 2.Santolina virens. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf edging box 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1.

T. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. fig 4. 'Munstead'.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. caraway thyme 9. praecox subsp. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. Rosmarinus officinalis. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. purple variegated 11. variegated garden sage .S. In another departure from the usual. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. 8. arcticus 'Coccineus'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. white 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Teucrium chamaedrys. Some maintenance is required for clipping.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.T. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. the height of the edging. herba-barona. arcticus 'Albus'. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. The knot material is maintained at six inches. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. which is found more often out in the open. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. creeping thymes. which are confined to that area. lavender Japanese barberry 5.officinalis 'Tricolor'. 1.

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Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender .Teucrium canadense.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. American germander 3. gray santolina 2. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.

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Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably. germander . Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.

Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.

pleasing color. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. < previous page page_88 next page > . again laid on edge. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. which are also laid on edge. each one a quarter-circle. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. a complement for the colors of the plant material. adding another facet to an appealing design.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Russian sage 24.Perovskia atriplicifolia. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Salvia clevelandii. tree germander 22. golden marguerite 25. 1. tree artemisia 26. angustifolia 'Rosea'. woolly yarrow 23.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. candicans.Lavandula dentata var. dwarf gray santolina 20. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. fern-leaf yarrow 27. silver horehound 19.Salvia argentea.Santolina chamaecyparissus. silver sage 15. lavender 9. gray santolina 2.Artemisia frigida.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. rue 21.Allium senescens var.Stachys byzantina. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus 'Argenteus'. blue sage 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. lavender 8. 17. French lavender 3. curry plant 7.Marrubium incanum. silver thyme 6. dwarf 12. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Anthemis marschalliana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium fruticans.The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina neapolitana 10.Helichrysum angustifolium.Artemisia arborescens. 16.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 18. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . glaucum 11.Anthemis tinctoria.Leontopodium alpinum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 5.Dianthus × caryophyllus. samphire14.Crithmum maritimum.

a number of which are listed in the bibliography. If one is familiar with herbs. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. lady's-mantle. As with other plant material. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. sweet marjoram. Styles of containers. basil. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. < previous page page_90 next page > . A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. which include hanging baskets. and the savories. Some are rosemary. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. are without number. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. thyme. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. oregano. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. The color of the container plays a lesser role.

providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. < previous page page_91 next page > . as with this container herb garden.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often.

< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.S. A. However.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained.A.L. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. < previous page page_95 next page > . Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Of course supervision is necessary. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. If children's interest is not sustained. LandscapeArchitect. such an outlay would be unwarranted.

Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. A sundial can be fun and also educational. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. These are ''old roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. < previous page page_96 next page > . Instead of benches on the patio. too. Just keep a garden design for children simple. Children in this age group can help with the construction. they are easily handpicked. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area." selected for their greater fragrance. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance.

.L. A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S.A. Landscape Architect.

Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tropaeolum minus. Italian parsley 23.Calendula officinalis. 1. lovage 12. Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia.rocambole 28.Rosa gallica. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium moly. neapolitanum.Allium tuberosum. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. pot marigold 8. horehound 26. summer savory 22.Chenopodium botrys. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. 20. English lavender 4.Hedeoma pulegioides. 13. southernwood 5.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. 16. ophioscorodon. damask rose 32. dyer's bush basil woad 9. ambrosia 2. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 19. love-in-a-mist 14. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Allium senescens var.Salvia officinalis. catnip 27. English lavender 7. garden sage 24.Allium sativum var. glaucum 31.The number in each planting area is the key number. Nigella damascena. garlic chive 29. dill pennyroyal 11.Rosa damascena.Marrubium vulgare. clary 25. lily leek 30. Dianthus plumarius. American 21.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia camphorata. alpine strawberry 3.Anethum graveolens. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . cottage pink 18.Artemisia abrotanum. Borago officinalis. dwarf 6. crispum.Nepeta cataria.Isatis tinctoria.Petroselinum crispum var. borage 15. Petroselinum crispum var.

plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. < previous page page_98 next page > . The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. previously used as a skating rink. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. All are inviting to the touch. The sculptures. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. are a seal and a turtle. not noted on the plan. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The oval. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy.

< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F.A.R. Landscape Architect.A. .

winter savory Mentha. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. mint Tagetes.Hedeoma pulegioides. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. lousewort Viola canina. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. fat-hen Primula veris. Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. Nepeta cataria. Greek Stachys byzantina. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. duckweed Antennaria. chamomile Mentha. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. borage Tanacetum vulgare. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. mint Galium odoratum. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm Satureja montana. fleabane Stellaria. Allium schoenoprasum. Trifolium pratense. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. chive dandelion Allium sativum. dog violet Lemna. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . coltsfoot Mimulus. English Tussilago farfara. tansy Monarda didyma. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. cowslip Linaria. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. marigold Salvia officinalis. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. bee orchid Erigeron.

and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Still. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. feverfew. Here. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Its plant list. A number of wooden window frames. and old barn beams another about the same height. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. are superb for displaying potted herbs. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. < previous page page_101 next page > . an exceedingly long one. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. developed particularly for study. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. Instead. for an old barn foundation of stone. a mint. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. it is a most satisfying growing situation. Their height eases the task of weeding. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. its wooden structure long gone. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

lesser 67. foxglove 2.Melissa officinalis.T. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.S.P. bee balm lovage 20.T. 'Purpurascens'. × citriodorus.Althaea officinalis.Achillea millefolium. pot marigold 25.T.Tanacetum vulgare var. white creeping thyme 97. nitidus. pontica.Veronica serpyllifolia.A.Sempervivum tectorum. sweet cicely 94. 43. southernwood houseleek 12. garden sage 84. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. praecox subsp.Viola odorata. alpine savory 89. 61.O.Teucrium chamaedrys. southernwood ground cherry 10.P.Pelargonium crispum. silver thyme 105. 55. 66. beach 47.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ruta graveolens. 64.Stachys officinalis. rose sativa. apple wormwood geranium 8. arcticus 'Albus'.Galium odoratum. officinalis 'Tricolor'.T. graveolens. herba-barona.Rubia tinctorum. praecox subsp.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Plantago major. plantain 80.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. camphor.O.O.S.Physalis heterophylla.Hypericum perforatum. basil blue hyssop 15.Asarum canadense. 42. richardii subsp.Viola tricolor.Euphorbia cyparissias. pink 58. French tarragon geranium 7. caraway thyme 103. crimson creeping thyme 96.Chelidonium majus. odoratissimum. foxglove cypress spurge 21. majorana. 48. pallasianus. sweet 53. basilicum 'Minimum'.Stachys grandifora 93.Nepeta mussinii. 54. golden lemon thyme 99.Calamintha grandiflora.49.Satureja montana. woolly thyme 101. 1. tomentosum. bee balm57. purple variegated garden sage 85.Pulmonaria officinalis.Agastache cana.O.O.Acinos alpinus. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Alchemilla vulgaris.Campanula rapunculus.Geranium robertianum. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. thyme 102.Thymus praecox subsp. mosquito plant 19. officinalis 'Aurea'.P. wormwood germander 9.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Levisticum officinale. yarrow herb Robert 4. 60.Rosmarinus officinalis.Campanula persicifolia. celandine madder 79. 'Clear Gold'.Myrrhis odorata. golden marjoram 26. calamint valerian 24. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Lavandula angustifolia.Marrubium vulgare. sweet celandine marjoram 28. betony 92. catmint 63.A. 50. 44.M.Poterium sanguisorba. purple basil English lavender 18. dyer's woodruff broom 3. crispum. 45. lemon 52. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. abrotanum.A. St. didyma 'Rosea'. Grecian 59. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Lychnis coronaria. skirret 90.A.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 88. stellerana. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. rampion 81.T 'Argenteus'. balm horehound 14.Ranunculus ficaria.A.Monarda didyma. 62. lemon thyme 100. creeping veronica .Calendula officinalis.T. absinthium. absinthe 51. Roman 46.S.Sium sisarum.Agastache foeniculum. viper's 65.T.Digitalis purpurea.Echium vulgare. rose costmary campion 23.T.Aloysia triphylla. lemon verbena 106. fern-leaf tansy 95. rosemary 82. camphorata. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Ocimum basilicum. angelica lemon geranium 5. basilicum 56.Valeriana officinalis. odorous thyme 104.-John'swort 91.A. golden variegated garden sage 86.Genista tinctoria. sweet violet 40.T.Angelica archangelica. golden thyme 98. variegated garden sage 87. sweet 41. marsh mallow 13.Hyssopus officinalis.Digitalis lanata. onites. rue 83. arcticus 'Coccineus'.

pin cherry 39. orange mint 32.Allium sativum. × gentilis.Myrtus communis.Chamaemelum nobile. 73.V. tree onion 112.Origanum vulgare. ostrowskianum 34. Proliferum Group.cepa. feverfew cinerariifolium. veronica 108. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Helichrysum angustifolium. spicata. 71. chamomile 30. suaveolens 'Variegata'. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Lilium candidum.Chrysanthemum 74.Chrysanthemum 78. 76. apple mint 69. chicory 70. pineapple mint 31.Primula veris.Veronica officinalis.A. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Lysimachia vulgaris. spearmint 107.Verbascum thapsus.Laurus nobilis.M. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .M. moth 113. dyer's woad 110. orach115.A. wild 116.Atriplex hortensis. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. curry plant mullein 35.Prunus pensylvanica.M. garlic 111.Sorbaria sorbifolia. chervil 68.Cichorium intybus.Oenothera biennis.Symphytum officinale.Origanum dictamnus. cowslip 72. oxeye daisy mullein 36. citrata. 114. blattaria.M.Yucca filamentosa. yucca 109.Isatis tinctoria.Dianthus plumarius 75.Anthriscus cerefolium.29. evening 77.Mentha suaveolens. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. × piperita var. red mint comfrey 33.

but not obvious. A wheelshaped bed. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. of good proportion for the size of the opening. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. A statue of St. < previous page page_104 next page > . its outline constructed of brick. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Francis. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. not just hiding it. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

loquat Cichorium intybus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. AREA X Solanum jasminoides.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. Eriobotrya japonica. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA IV Ixia maculata. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. labdanum Cistus crispus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Vetiveria zizanioides. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. poet's Solidago californica. potato Brassica eruca. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Sidney Ephedra viridis. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. lion's-ear prismaticum. Eleocharis dulcis. white Justicia carnea. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. cat Watsonia rosea. Cestrum nocturnum. only those not found on other lists are noted here. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. menthifolia. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. AREA VI japonica.

The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. or potpourri. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. but also for proper leaf size.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. is a center of interest. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. and a third a culinary garden. not only for hardiness where needed. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. an "old rose" and fragrant. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. < previous page page_106 next page > . All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. scented-leaf geraniums. to name a few. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. One is a garden of legends. another a Mary garden. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. The exterior brick path. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. emphasizes the circle.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

garden up sage 10. rue 28.19. Hyssopus officinalis. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . chamomile 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet marjoram basil 12. absinthe 4. blue 18.Origanum majorana. Anethum graveolens. 27. 1.Galium verum. Linum usitatissimum.Lamium album.Alchemilla vulgaris. angelica 2. Johnny-jump. spearmint 22.20.Ornithogalum umbellatum. Angelica archangelica.Hedera helix.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. English thyme 13. Viola tricolor. pot 26. saffron crocus marigold 7.Salvia officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. yellow 25. black 23. costmary 6.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. English ivy rosemary 8. pyrethrum 5. flax 17.Ruta graveolens. lady's.Narcissus mustard 14.Brassica nigra. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. Chamaemelum nobile.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number. hyssop rose 9.Crocus sativus.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. white dead 24. dill 11.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 21. chive bedstraw 16.Calendula officinalis.

The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. < previous page page_108 next page > . It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Russian 'Prostratus'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Artemisia absinthium. fastigiata. clove Marrubium vulgare. sweet Myrtus communis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. perennial flax Galium odoratum. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. blue Lamium maculatum. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. bay Echeveria × imbricata. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. beach Monarda didyma. Myrrhis odorata. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . thyme Cnicus benedictus. lemon balm Mentha spicata. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. peppermint Laurus nobilis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. rue Malva alcea var. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. Cotinus coggygria. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne.

< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. features a closed knot of superior design. The generous use of edgings. simply on a smaller scale. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. and huge. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. < previous page page_110 next page > . At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. This is a general rule observed. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. Appropriately used as accents. millstones. too. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. Viewed from the terrace garden.

six feet in diameter. 'Tiny Rubies'. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Santolina chamaecyparissus. green santolina 6. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis. that of good proportion.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. Routine clipping is required. germander 2. and the mulch. lavender 5. angustifolia 'Munstead'.L. blue hyssop 3. Landscape Architect. of greater size than is commonly found. The number in each planting area is the key number.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.A. has its size dictated by a rule of design. gray santolina 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Design plan of herb garden 1. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Teucrium chamaedrys. cheddar pink 4. dwarf box .S. A.

Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . japonica. beach plum Corylus avellana. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. dogwood Pinus nigra. shadbush Salix caprea. plum Prunus maritima. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. goat willow Sassafras albidum. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. box Calycanthus fioridus. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. honey locust Cornus florida. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. box Myrica pensylvanica.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. quince Magnolia virginiana. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. black haw Prunus americana. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi.

It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Rosmarinus. arcticus 'Rosea' T. 'Doone Valley' . 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. arcticus T. praecox subsp. As a rule. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. Lavandula. praecox subsp. 'Annie Hall' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. However. its plant material varied. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. herba-barona. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. silver thyme T. 'Argenteus'. caraway thyme T. Currently. doerfleri T. Salvia. and a miscellany of others. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. leucotrichus T.

angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. purple variegated garden sage S. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. sweet lavender L. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. English lavender L. dentata. crimson creeping thyme T. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. anise sage S. praecox subsp. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. greggii. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. involucrata. officinalis 'Prostratus'. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. officinalis 'Purpurea'. ramie . gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. blue sage S. autumn sage S.T. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia subsp. heterophylla. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. golden rosemary R. guaranitica. 'Clear Gold'. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. arcticus 'Coccineus'. pine-scented rosemary R. leucantha. angustifolia subsp. woolly thyme T. angustissimus. golden thyme T.

edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

to lure bees. Equisetum arvense. family needsmedicinal. Cheloneglabra. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Primarily. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Prunella vulgaris. Sium sisarum. which were located between the water supply. to sweeten the air. rupturewort. Herniaria glabra. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Smith. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. L. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Hesperis matronalis. The house. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. constructed of brick made on the property. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. balmony. The apple trees. Physostegia virginiana. used in salads or boiled. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Circumstances determined these priorities. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. obedient plant. a well beside the house. horsetail. for scrubbing pots. culinary.

Today. < previous page page_116 next page > . this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. for a few are in use now. too. too. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. while functional. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Laurus nobilis. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . Cape jasmine 10. yellow 12.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Banksia rose 14. bay 7. garlic 9.Malus angustifolia. 16.Lonicera sempervirens.Lagerstroemia indica. fig 6. 1. wisteria 13.Syringa × persica var.Punica granatum. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Wisteria frutescens. Gardenia jasminoides.Sambucus canadensis.Lonicera flava. rosemary 2. southern laciniata.Pinus taeda. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Allium sativum. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Rosa banksiae.Prunus angustifolia. trumpet 11. pomegranate 3. 15.Ficus carica.Rosmarinus officinalis.

Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. < previous page page_118 next page > . The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Italy. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Appropriately. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. too. The effect would be quite different without them.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

blue 46. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Agrimonia eupatoria. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Digitalis purpurea.Galium odoratum. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. myrtle 53.Laurus nobilis. 68.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet shrub 10.Teucrium chamaedrys.Buxus sempervirens. 60. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Artemisia abrotanum.Dipsacus sativus.Rubus allegheniensis. 42. 66.Dianthus caryophyllus. foxglove 41. black 29. 63. butterfly 32.Achillea millefolium.Hyssopus officinalis. wild ginger69. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Calycanthus fioridus.Hypericum perforatum. dogwood horehound 18.Crocus sativus.Mentha spicata. fennel 40. basil chive 3.Elizabeth Lawrence. 61. 55. 54. hyssop sassafras 20.Nepeta cataria.Lobelia siphilitica.Pulmonaria officinalis. St.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 62. blue 44.Cornus florida.Punica granatum.Melissa officinalis.Paeonia officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Xanthoriza simplicissima. horsemint lobelia 23. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. sweet 64. box chamomile 9. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. yarrow lungwort 22.Populus balsamifera. sativa. gray santolina witch hazel 11. mullein 49.Pinckneya pubens.Salvia officinalis. agrimony 58. rue 56.Ruta graveolens. fuller's teasel 67.Cassia marilandica. 43. saffron crocus 25. 38. white periwinkle spicebush 13. 45. dill 39.Chamaemelum nobile.Artemisia dracunculus var.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Symphytum officinale. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Armoracia rusticana.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. lemon 26. clove 36. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Monarda punctata.Marrubium vulgare.Lonicera sempervirens. sweet 27. lovage 35. garden sage 59. balm autumn crocus 2.Mentha pulegium. catnip 34. senna woodruff 15.Gaultheria procumbens.Cimicifuga racemosa.Ocimum basilicum. great 47.Asarum virginicum. sweet flag marigold 24.Foeniculum vulgare.Colchicum autumnale.Lindera benzoin.Rosa laevigata. peppermint 52. borage 31.Sassafras albidum. bee balm 28.Lilium candidum. 70. 37. American holly 16.Ilex opaca.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula angustifolia. 33.Mentha × piperita.Calendula officinalis.Asclepias tuberosa.Vinca minor. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . 1.Verbascum thapsus. peony 51.Monarda didyma.Acorus calamus. yellow-root 7.57.Ilex vomitoria.Anethum graveolens.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Tanacetum vulgare.Chimaphila umbellata.Hamamelis virginiana. 50. tansy 65.Borago officinalis. 30. pot 48.

Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. < previous page page_120 next page > . In any event. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. of herbs for one loaf of bread. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. 1 T. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. This is true for the remedies. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. and fragrances they developed. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. preventives. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs.

Origanum majorana. horehound 15. sweet marjoram 6. sweet basil 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha × piperita. 14. black haw 23. catnip 16.Satureja montana. English 10. garden sage 8.Levisticum officinale.Papaver somniferum. lavender lovage 3. absinthe 9. blue hyssop 21.Nepeta cataria.Cydonia oblonga. opium poppy 5. peppermint 18.Digitalis purpurea.Marrubium vulgare. pot marigold 2. apothecary's rose 22. spearmint 17. horsemint 20.Rosmarinus officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. caraway 19.Pyrus communis. foxglove 12.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. Calendula officinalis. winter savory 4.Viburnum prunifolium.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda punctata. English thyme rosemary 7.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia absinthium.Lavandula angustifolia. quince 24. tansy 11.Ocimum basilicum.Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha spicata. 1. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Carum carvi.

and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and bricks raise the beds. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. often it is reconstructed. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. Shaded by hop vines. and if the best has not always survived. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. for example the large square bed with circular path. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. The main paths of brick unify the garden. < previous page page_122 next page > . centrally located. The beds are used to achieve balance. from early Moravian settlements. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. to study it. makes it something of a focal point. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Allowed such freedom of expression. Thus it was for this garden. the other 1761. Some could be used singly. one dated 1759. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden.

Landscape Architect. A.S.L. Campbell.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A. .

Cercis canadensis.Tanacetum vulgare. sweet 55.Salvia officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Ficus. orach 76.Origanum majorana.Nigella sativa. hyssop maypop 42. spearmint 57. garden sage 15. clary 30. lavender rose 21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Celosia cristata.Ruta graveolens. clove 53. cabbage angustifolia. poet's narcissus 61. asparagus 31. parsley 32. chestnut rose 43.Coriandrum sativum.Salvia viridis.Papaver rhoeas. madder 16.Aquilegia vulgaris.Passiflora incarnata.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 52.Amaranthus caudatus.Rosa roxburghii. daisy crape myrtle 23.Marrubium vulgare. betony 82.Lilium candidum.Borago officinalis. rue 14. redbud 24.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Tropaeolum majus.Scabiosa atropurpurea. balm chive 37. 66. 1. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. autumn crocus 34.Chamaemelum nobile.Crocus sativus. Madonna lily 59.Rubia tinctorum.Narcissus poeticus.Lagerstroemia indica.Alcea rosea.Gelsemium sempervirens. tansy 6.The number in each planting area is the key number.Armoracia rusticana. yarrow 4.Inula helenium. elecampane 11.Bellis perennis. Carolina jessamine 38.Humulus lupulus. lemon 64. feverfew southern magnolia 27. columbine 29.Petroselinum crispum.Silybum marianum. mugwort67. catnip 70. 81. comfrey 33. grape larkspur 41. blue 63.Rosa moschata. caraway 72.Dianthus caryophyllus. horehound 56. English thyme 2.Salvia sclarea.Carum carvi. virgin's bower 40. red pepper 20.Achillea millefolium. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. holy thistle 58. 68. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. hollyhock 51.Artemisia absinthium. 62.Cnicus benedictus.Atriplex hortensis. chamomile 17.Rosa gallica. English 78. polyanthus narcissus 60. rhubarb 10. absinthe 45. dwarf nasturtium 13. sorrel 65.Foeniculum vulgare. 80.Rosa centifolia. garlic lungwort 36.Anethum graveolens. cockscomb 47. dill 73.Hyssopus officinalis. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Rheum rhabarbarum. basil moss rose 44.Rosmarinus officinalis.Consolida ambigua.Melissa officinalis.Mentha × piperita. fennel marjoram 28. lovage 9.Stachys officinalis.Clematis virginiana. marsh mallow 7.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum minus. 74. garden nasturtium 12. black cumin 46.Rosa damascena. eglantine Group.Vitis.Allium schoenoprasum.Althaea officinalis. blue 69.Asparagus officinalis. hop southernwood 39.Rumex acetosa.Saponaria officinalis.Narcissus tazetta.Cornusflorida. rosemary49.Artemisia vulgaris.Mentha spicata.Levisticum officinale.Colchicum autumnale. annual clary 3. corn poppy 79.Nepeta cataria. 54.Hydrangea quercifolia. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Allium sativum. borage 5. sweet 71. French rose 18. blessed thistle 8.Rosa eglanteria.77. damask coriander rose 19.Artemisia abrotanum. 48.Magnolia grandiflora.Symphytum officinale. stock 50. love.Matthiola incana.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. it is proper to make a trial run. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Usually this is least desirable. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The next most desirable exposure. Thus. even boggy. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. A ravine and existing. Calluna (heather). and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. First. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. This space was never adequate. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. and the north point is established. The lesser the scale. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. the western. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Although some observations may seem obvious. far from the house. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step.

The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. and the property line on the last. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. as the drawing on p. The outline is fixed. It was a pleasurable assignment. The general outline is similar. There is the housegarage structure on one side. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. all four sides are so determined. The. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Then. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room.ground where drainage is better. 127 indicates. a driveway on still another. single bed. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. another is close to the rear of the house. Indeed. < previous page page_126 next page > . the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The new herb garden has been located. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. and the search did not take long. but it need not be identical. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. certainly not precisely the same. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs.

In fact. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. as in this case. In addition. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. forming the outer boundary of the service path. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. this low wall will enclose the garden area. something is amiss.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. If. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If all is well. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. There was no . Two drawings were required to work out problems. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. With the plan established. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. then north. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. Before edgings could be put in place. the eight-foot length was more practical. . In the earlier stage of planning. However. eight. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. A structural edging was in order. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. this was. At corners. however. not one completed in a weekend. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. the site required some leveling. In this area. In this case. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. admittedly. However. and the finished edging would be effective. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. a lapped joint was fashioned. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Weeds. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. for they will likely have more traffic.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. sand. This method of treatment now guarantees . These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Unfortunately. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. this same base underlies all the paths. A choice of five colors was available. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. leaves. The pattern is running bond. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. One is the ramp to the driveway. had been proof of that. could serve this purpose. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. filling the beds with soil was next. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. Heavy black plastic. selected for its simplicity. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. but there are exits to different levels. The latter need to be more substantially paved. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. Aged compost. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround.

At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. even bed for the pavers. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. worth the added cost. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. on a trial run of one course of brick.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. However.

" their construction can be somewhat varied. Sometimes called "rubble drains. learned about decades earlier. and the steps to other levels. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. converging where it was logical to do so. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. Herbs have flourished in the beds. since that path borders the house. French drains. . In this instance. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. the terraced area. for it would interfere with the drainage system. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed.

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for example. not necessarily referable to botanical species. for example. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. and so on. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. albula.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. often a wall or trellis. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. hundredths of an inch. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. sixteenths of an inch. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. twelfths of an inch. having a variety of gradations. casts the shadow for the hour. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. in tenths of an inch. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. is symmetrical. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. a garden plan. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. Its arrow points north and. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. E EllipseAn oval. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. and so on. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. in inches. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings.

sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. G GazeboA freestanding. its compartments filled with flowers. Usually a few inches thick. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. loose. heated especially by fermenting manure. also called rubble drain. roofed structure usually open on the sides. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. ForthrightA straight course or path. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. a flat. GrindstoneMillstone. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. M ManufactoryA factory. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. turf. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Pea gravelSmall.brick) in the same course. or colored earths. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. rounded fragments of rock. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds.3).3. a patterned garden. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

called also a hose cock. not treelike or with a single trunk. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Stone. V VarietyA category below species. walls. Turf seatBanked-up earth. or steps. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. snug fit for walks. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. ranking between species and variety. often planted with aromatic herbs. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. R Rose. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. cutting. TreillageLatticework for vines. W Wall. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. < previous page page_132 next page > . and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers.

1980. 1944. Edlin. 1935. Garden Design. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. P. 1911. Cross. Coats. . 1971. Independence. 1980. Batsford. 1942. Alice Morse. Frances A. 14701670. Berrall. London. Liberty Hyde. S. Harriet Ballard. Foster. 1966.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Rosemary F. London: Marshall Cavendish. British Plants. Hanging Plants for Home. John. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. . How Plants Get Their Names. Erichsen-Brown. Gertrude B. New York: Macmillan. Darrah. New York: Macmillan. 1951. New York: Macmillan.: Buckeye Printing Co. John E. New York: Crown Publishers. The Herb Garden. H. New York. Henry. New York: Macmillan. Clarkson. Helen H. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. New York: Viking Press. Room Outside. 1977. Flannery. 1979. Agnes. Bardswell. The Cultivated Basils. Baumgardt. New York: Dover. Behme. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1933. Bailey Hortorium. 1963. W. Herbals. 1966. L. Bailey. T. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1982. L. 1973. 1902. Margaret E. Sylvia. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Toronto. Foley. Gertrude B. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Sevenoaks. 1971. 1962. Brownlow. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. and Accessories. Dutton & Co. Terrace. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1958. 1970. Brookes. Book of the Geranium. Green Enchantment.. H. Complements. ed. Mo. Jot. The Small Garden. Beston. Foster. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Greenwood. New York: Viking Press. Carpenter. John Philip. Park's Success with Herbs. Garden City: Doubleday. Rosetta E. Kent: The Herb Farm. Robert Lee.C. Sydney: B. Earle. and Louden. Crowe. New York: Hawthorne Books. Herbsfor Every Garden.. Fox. and Garden.. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1976.. Helen Morgenthau. Seal. Staff of. Aurora. London: Macmillan. New York: Simon and Schuster. Prof. 1972. Roses. . London: Country Life. Julia S. London: Saturn Press. The Garden (An Illustrated History). 1938. P. 1951.: Geo. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Putnam's Sons. 1972. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hortus Third. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Peter. New York: E. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Charlotte. Daniel J.. 1957. Doran & Co. 1961. Park Seed Co. Herbs and the Earth. New York: G.

Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1966. Johns. Frederic. Grieve. 1981. 1952. Flowers of the Field. Lerner. The Book of Spices. Sarah. 1951. Frances. Loewenfeld. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Tucson: H. A Biblical Garden. Books. Rosengarten. New York: Doubleday. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ed. 2d ed. Early American Gardens. Herbs. Lesch.: Livingston Pub. New York: Macmillan. Lawrence. 1974. Amy Bess. Mrs. Eleanour Sinclair. Toronto: Little.. Philippa. Pozza.Garland. Claire. 1911. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Franco. Simmons. 1961. How to Landscape Your Grounds. New York: Viking Press. M. Hay. Boston. chemist. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1976. < previous page page_133 next page > . and Chiltoskey. Loewenfeld. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. N. Alma. Muenscher. Edited by Clarence Elliott. 1969. Dorothy Bovee. Neri. 1971. 1946. Miller. Dutton & Co. 1983. Norma Jean. The Berry Book. Bernard Hickey. Division Billboard Publications. Cherokee Plants. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Ann. Vicenza. C. Boston. Mary U. New York: William Morrow and Co. Roses of the World in Color. New York: William Morrow & Co. New York: Dover. Carol. Rev. McFarland... Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. 1964. Ireys. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1975. 1970. Grow and Enjoy. Leighton.. and Alma L. New York: E. Harold N. and Back. Elizabeth... Modern Herbal. Helen K. Alice Recknagel. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Lawrence. Sylva. Adelma G. Roy. Loyal R. Shaker Herbs.: Herald Publishing Co. New York: Harper & Bros. Brown & Co. Moldenke. Hamel. A Garden of Herbs. Patrick M. 1971. 1973. London: Faber and Faber. The Art of Dyeing. P. Co. The Concise Handbook of Roses. 1972. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications.. Gardens in Winter. Plants of the Bible. New York: Van Nostrand. New York: Dover.. 1969. The Herb Garden. 1975. (1st American edition trans. Claire. and Rice. 1979. Paul B. Eigel. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Myron. Hendrickson. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. 1982. 1974. Vegetable Dyeing. Pa. 1981. Wynnewood. Waltham. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. New York: Macmillan. Jr. Potter. and Brunello. Johnson.) Rohde. Italy. New York: Clarkson N. Lathrop. M. A. Horace. Mass. Krauss. Geraniums for Home and Garden. J. and Synge. Jones.. 1978. Howard. Robert. Landscaping with Vines. Walter. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century.. 1938. 1970. London: George Routledge & Sons.. How to Select. New York: De La Mare. New York: Crown Publishers.: Chronica Botanica Co.. Kiaer. New York: Macmillan. 1976. P. . 1959. George H.C.

Stearn. The Fragrant Garden. Bynam. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. New York: Doubleday. Plants of the Bible. Michael. Landscape Architecture. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. 1957. . Baker. Robert K. C. New York: Farrar. Hammond Crawford. H. 1942. Toronto: Van Nostrand. William T. 1962. Mrs.. F. Helen Noyes. Mrs. New York: St. The Shakespeare Garden. Susan W. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Stuart. 1967.A. Revised by Dr. Frank M. Morss. W.. Mr. 1966. Gannaway. L. Alfred L. Cozart. 1976. London: Phoenix House. Mrs. L. Moffit. Meyer. Nelva M. Wilder. Z. Benjamin McF. George... Smith. New ed. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Lamm.L. Donald Paxton. Indianapolis. Charles L. Mrs. Katherine S.A. A. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Malcolm. Weber. 1972...A. Graham Stuart.A. New York. William Radler. L. Taylor.. . Zohary. Jo Lohmolder. Hines. Thomas. Mrs. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Mrs. 1953. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Webster.. Climbing Roses Old and New. Marshall. Charles Patch. Mrs. Mrs. Bush. Martin's Press.A.A. Tarantino. L. L... Giroux.A. Straus. John Poinier. . New York: Dover. Herbert G. New York: Hafner. Winthrop G. 1961.A. Rhoda Specht. Herbs in the Garden. Associate. Rev. Botanical Latin. Mrs. Shrub Roses of Today. A. Griffin. A.A. Charlotte. New York. Maxton Davies. L. Leonard Dreyfuss. Onward and Upward in the Garden. A. New York: Simon & Schuster. Norman.A. Pees. L. Price. Mrs.. Mrs. Berkeley Brandt. George T. Paxton. New York: McGraw-Hill. Martin. William T. 1965. Campbell. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Mrs. 1982. Mrs. 1931. . John Ormsbee.. 1972. Mrs. Elisabeth W. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. White.R. Ingersoll. and Mrs. Mrs.D.A. 1976. Neil Hamill Park. James D. Robert G.S. Taloumis. Mrs. 1975. James C. Boerner. The History of Gardens. Vera Breed. Mrs.A. Esther. A.L. Elizabeth Lawrence.. L. John. and Robert B.. Philip Batchelder. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. L. London: Phoenix House. Toronto: Van Nostrand. New York: William Morrow & Co.. Austin R.. Fragrance in the Garden. New York: Simon & Schuster. William W. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs.A. Leonie. Vivian. Mrs. Mrs. Linda. Bates. 1953. Peter M..L. Jr. Christopher.. New York: St.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Raymond V. Melissa R.: Garden Way. 1979. L. 1974. Thacker. Henry Gund. W T. Mrs. Graham. Jr.. Stearn. Mrs..A. Container Gardening Outdoors. Jr. Virginia B.A. Vt. L. Sherry D. Louise Beebe. Mrs. Martin's. Bradner.S. Plimpton.S. Boston: Ralph T.A.The Old Shrub Roses. Hale & Co. and Bell. Barbara Capen. William Y Dear.. Singleton. The Fragrant Year. Marion E. Diane C. 1979. Amy Bess Miller. Madalene Hill. ed. Yang. Mrs. L. Sandy Hicks. Keebler. Bleecker. Margaret Osborn Holt.A. Martha Dahlen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Building Stone Walls. T. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. Jack Emil Geist. L. L. ed. McGarry. Wilson.. 1979. 1972. Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. William C.

Mrs. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Whitman. Nathan Sameth. Skinner. Mrs. Shaker Community.I. Winston-Salem. Elbert Smith. Faith H.. Jean Ruh. Old Slater Mill Museum. Christopher Rady. Joe H.. Ark. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Helen M. Bailey. Ann Arbor. Tullie Smith House Restoration... Mrs. Mr. Edmund G.C. Mich.. Mrs. Milton Stricker. G. L.. Joan E. Eric Duke Scott. University of Michigan. Kingwood Center. Hales Corners. Hancock Shaker Village.. and Mrs. Linda Yang.. Rose.. L. Weeks Brick House. John A. Western Reserve Herb Society.A. Mansfield. Milton C.. Hancock. The Country Doctor Museum.H.A. Talbot III. R. Linda Yang.C. Inc. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. N.Rady. Cleveland. Gayle. Semple. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Derthick. Mass. L. N. Roberts. Lawrence Schetky. Booker Worthen. James F. James S.. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Timothy Procter Ruh. Little Rock. Eloise andJo Ray. Mrs. Matthew Miksch House. Wilcox. L.A. Greenland. Ohio. N. Old Salem. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Frederick E. civic. Kathleen Byroads Sowers..A. Christopher Spencer. Pawtucket. L. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Smith (Ann Leighton). The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Mrs. Harper. Michigan State University.. Mrs. Architect. Atlanta. Inc. Walter Rebmann. Mrs. < previous page page_134 next page > .. Swanson. Atlanta Historical Society. Isadore L.. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Wisc. The following provided historical. Ga. Ohio. Mich. Plain Dealer Photo. Mrs. Lansing.

A. officinalis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. azoricum. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Y smalliana Agrimonia. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. C. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. barbadensis A. E. Narcissus triandrus. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. maritima L. Myrrhis odorata.

esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. Monarda didyma Crataegus. officinalis. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. P. false Galium aristatum. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. Lamium album Viburnum. G. ludoviciana var.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. melongena var. V. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. S. grandiflorus Melissa M. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. podagraria Asparagus A. officinalis Populus. F. lycopersicum. P. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. acerifolium. V. M. laevis Rhododendron . arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. albula A. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Solanum aculeatissimum S.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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P. chrysantha Symphytum S.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Mertensia virginica. angustifolia. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. coronaria . deltoides Campsis radicans. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. vulgaris A. B. M. alpina 'Alba' A. oleracea. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris.

ioensis Vaccinium. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. M. M. maculatum G. V. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. B. coronaria. macrocarpon. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. alpinum R. sativum R. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. alpinum R. pseudonarcissus miniature N. V. angustifolia. C. Italian D Daffodil M.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. N. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . verna. B.

Chrysanthemum frutescens. Hosta H. R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. H. lilioasphodelus. acetosa. D. T officinale Bellis. x superbum Hemerocallis. obtusifolius Rumex R. R. obtusifolius R. frutescens C. lilioasphodelus H. Ferocactus latispinus. C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. A. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. triphyllum . × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. A. Sansevieria. rivieri. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. crispus. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum.

sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Gnaphalium.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. S. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Senecio cineraria. arvensis. damascena. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. ragusina. Helichrysum. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. N. C. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . pungens Sambucus S. Lychnis coronaria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. azoricum Nigella. N. gymnocarpa. Antennaria. Centaurea cineraria. C.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

americana Foeniculum vulgare var. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. Osmunda. usitatissimum L. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. carica Corylus C. carica F. P. I. versicolor. regalis Adiantum. I. perenne . A. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. O. L.× germanica I.

ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. sativum var. × germanica Myosotis M. lanata D. sphaerocephalum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . × hortorum P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. P. tuberosum A. odoratissimum P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. lutea Allium sativum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. scorodoprasum A. quercifolium P. neapolitanum A. grossularioides P radens P. Pelargonium. I. × limoneum P. sylvatica Digitalis D. purpurea D. Fumaria C.

denticulatum P. Tragopogon. graveolens P. abrotanifolium P. tomentosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. × jatrophifolium P. T. crispum P. × nervosum P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. glutinosum. T. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. A. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. chamaedrys T. quercifolium P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. × citrosum P. canadense. officinale Z. P. canadense T. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. Z. A. pratensis . capitatum P. tomentosum P.

Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. nervosa V. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. torquata E. M. C. Vitis monticola. Oxalis deppei. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. V. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S.

golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

triacanthos G.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. C. G. L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. majalis Liriope. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Lythrum. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Pulmonaria . W. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Ophiopogon L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria.

alcea var. Malva. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. pedatum Hibiscus. lucida . Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. erecta T.blue M Mace. patula Calendula officinalis T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. M. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. Malva. erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. tenuifolia T. grandiflora M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. A. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. C. erecta T.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

onites O. major. crispii M. citrata M. citrata M. suaveolens M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Astrantia. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. vulgare O. × piperita var. citrata. aquatica var. piperita var. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. dictamnus O. citrata M. S. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. R. majorana O. × piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. Spiraea alba. A. vulgare 'Aureum' O. vulgare O. majorana O. O. requienii M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda.

Azolla caroliniana. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. rubra M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Myrrhis odorata. vulgaris A. thapsus V. V. A. × gentilis M.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. V. Myrtus. alba Verbascum. M. olympicum. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. communis. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M. Umbellularia californica.

virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. L. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. V. P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. tazetta Tropaeolum T. minus T. album L. nudum. V. majus T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia.

Proliferum Group A. C. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. fistulosum A. telephium Iris × germanica var. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . A. cepa A. fistulosum Atriplex. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. vulgare var. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fragrans O. A. fragrans Allium. Scilla verna. S. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Castilleja californica. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. hortensis A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. cepa. I. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. O. cepa. florentina. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum.

× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora P. P. P. patens. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum P. crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. neopolitanum Pastinaca. A. A. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulsatilla Passiflora P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.

annuum. frutescens C. Grossum Group C. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. Piper C. roseus C. Longum Group C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Longum Group Capsicum. P frutescens Catharanthus. Marsilea Perilla. C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Chenopodium. paniculata P. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. C. retroflexus. C. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. annuum. A. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum.

taeda P. C. M. officinalis Dianthus D. nigra P strobus P taeda P. americana . Silene laciniata. × paradisiaca. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. gratianopolitanus D. Prunus japonica. taeda Chimaphila. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Plantago P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. P. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. angustifolia var. caryophyllus D. umbellata var. umbellata var. watsonii P maritima P. plumarius D. P salicina P angustifolia. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. plumarius. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. alpinus D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. C.

P. balsamifera P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. L. 0. carnea Phytolacca americana P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. rhoeas P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. S. vulgare Lithospermum. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. biennis P. E. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula.

cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. R. P. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. Hesperis . ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. sativum var.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. Diplotaxis. C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. rhabarbarum R. canadensis C. pepo C. coccineum C. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. pepo Portulaca. A.

brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rosa chinensis R. × harisonii R. gallica R. × borboniana Kerria. canina R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. damascena R. centifolia R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. banksiae R. R. damascena 'Bifera' R. gallica 'Officinalis' R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. chinensis 'Minima' R. × borboniana R. Rubus coronarius R. × borboniana R. laevigata R. sativa Rosa R. spinosissima R. canina. moschata .

officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. rugosa R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. Rosmarinus. pitcheri S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. caerula. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. guaranitica S. azurea subsp. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. R. greggii S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. angustissimus R. Salvia hierosolymitana . clevelandii S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. officinalis S. microphylla S. officinalis Limonium R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. setigera R. sclarea S. S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. × rehderana R.

S. leucantha S. T. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. Salicornia. marilandica Amelanchier .Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. elegans S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. neapolitana S. leucophylla S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. S. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum E. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. C. A. S. P. virens. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. hebecarpa. halimus Crithmum maritimum. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. viridis S. guaranitica S. chamaecyparissus S. montana Scabiosa S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .

spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. G. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. coggygria. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. biflorum . P. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. V. P. C. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria Cotinus. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. C. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. americana. nivalis Lamium album. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis.

sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. V. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. japonica Sorbaria. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. E. H. O. H. S. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. patulum. R. L. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. crassipes O. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. officinalis thyme-leaved V. scutatus R. acetosa. O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. pyrenaicum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. Ornithogalum arabicum.

Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. crispum T. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. floridus Philadelphus . perennis. M. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca F. O. vulgare var. T vulgare T. incana M. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca F. C. vulgare var. dracunculus var. incana M. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. O. chiloensis F. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola.

mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. A. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. E. 'Broad-leaf English' T. × citriodorus T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. pallasianus T. praecox subsp. phaenopyrum C. arcticus T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. maritima Thymus. 'Argenteus' T. marianum S. laevigata Eupatorium. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. sylvestris D. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . C. marianum S. praecox T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. Silybum marianum S. 'Clear Gold' T. benedictus.

praecox subsp. cerasiforme. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Physalis peruviana L. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. lycopersicum var. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Coreopsis Linaria. noli-tangere. I. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . alata Lycopersicon. L. lycopersicum var. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. P. lycopersicum L. pruinosa. P. sanctum O. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. radicans Bignonia capreolata. peruviana P. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. sanctum Tulipa T. C. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens.

Chimaphila. cornuta V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. caprea . V. officinalis Polemonium. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. canina. caeruleum Clematis. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. C.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata V. odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' V. C. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. longifolia Chamaelaucium. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. P. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V.

discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. V. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. caprea. frigida A. Stachys . W. ambrosioides Artemisia. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Corydalis sempervirens A. pontica. annua A. verticillata Chimaphila. Vanilla barbellata A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. S. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. nudum Isatis I. Gaultheria procumbens. I. gmelinii A. absinthium A. camphorata A.

× media 'Hicksii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. I. vomitoria I. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. millefolium A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . ageratum A. simplicissima Cladrastis. taygetea A. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. X. filipendulina A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. C. tomentosa Ilex cassine.

northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant.. foeniculum Agave A. pedatum Agastache A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. five-finger f. fragrant g. theophrasti Acacia A. alpinus Aconitum A. butter-print. h. fennel g. Indian mallow.. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. Indian mallow China jute. nose-bleed. calamus Adiantum A. sanguinary. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. calamus maidenhair fern. h. maidenhair fern. blue giant hyssop. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow .< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. lion's tail anise hyssop. fourcroydes sweet flag. millefolium A. ageratum A. cana A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. longifolia Achillea A. taygetea A. yarrow sneezeweed. monkshood flowering maple. maidenhair American maidenhair.. monkshood helmut flower. breviflora A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. napellus Acorus A. thousand-seal. parlor m.

reptans Alcea A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. ophioscorodon A. cive. cocklebur. ciboule. sisal hemp. Spanish o. Rosenbachianum A.A. neapolitanum A.. karataviense A. ostrowskianum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. hemp plant agrimony. serpent garlic chive. purple c.. vulgaris Allium A. schoenoprasum A. Japanese bunching o. rosea Alchemilla A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. tree o. schnittlauch giant garlic . flavum A. senescens var... githago Ajuga A. garlic rocambole. two-bladed o. moly A. giganteum A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. fistulosum A. christophii A. sativum var. Pulchellum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. alpina A. scorodoprasum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. flowering o. sativum A.

wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. canadensis Amsonia A. triphylla Althaea A. marschalliana A. officinalis Anemone A. shadbush. archangel. tuberosum Aloe A.. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. japonica A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. bugloss windflower. sphaerocephalum A.glaucum A. Curasao a... pulsatilla Anethum A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. bugloss alkanet. hupehensis var. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. Oriental garlic . officinalis Amaranthus A. blanda A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. juneberry. garlic c. tinctoria Anthriscus A. barbadensis Aloysia A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. white m. medicinal a. officinarum Anchusa A. Barbados a. caudatus Amelanchier A. cerefolium chervil angelica. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. shad.

alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens var. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. European crowfoot bearberry.Apium A. chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A.

mountain box. maritima Armoracia A. sandberry. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. bear's grape. frigida A. hog cranberry. canadense A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. arborescens A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . dracunculus var. kinnikinick. wormwood southernwood. virginicum bearberry. rusticana Artemisia A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. sea pink thrift. stewardsonii Armeria A. mugwort. gmelinii A. triphyllum subsp. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. sativa A. Ludoviciana var. pink or white horseradish. triphyllum A. lactiflora A. europaeum A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. pontica A. dracontium A. camphorata A. mealberry. asarabacca wild ginger. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. red cole sagebrush. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. albula A. creashak green-dragon. old man southernwood absinthe. annua A.

tinctoria Barbarea B. orach sea orach. perennis Berberis B. cool-tankard cole. officinalis Astrantia A. mountain spinach false indigo. c. major Atriplex A. silkweed. ruby s. plains f. s. B. papyrifera Boehmeria B. rattleweed winter cress. mustard . i. pleurisy root.. vulgaris Beta milkweed. saltbush orach. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. halimus A. wild indigo. talewort. tuberosa Asparagus A. s. rocket. Chinese silk plant. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. australis B. piprage beet swiss chard. China grass borage borage. ruby s. vulgaris Bellis B. jaundice berry. wild indigo blue false indigo. nivea Borago B. c. tuberroot. vulgaris. hortensis B Baptista B. upland cress winter cress. c. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. butterfly flower butterfly weed. wild blue i. yellow r.Asclepias A. c. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B.. garden o.

boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. grandiflora Calendula C. pineapple s. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.. officinalis Calycanthus C. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Nana' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. sempervirens B.B. eruca B. strawberry s. koreana B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . white-flowered k. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. microphylla var. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. carpatica C..

bell p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. crown plant trumpet creeper. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. s. o. p.. p. p. green p. pimento sweet pepper s. o.C. p. o. p. p. s. p. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper.. p. cow-itch. s.. o. C. o. p. green p. p. chili p. persicifolia C. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . o. o. trumpet flower. o.. rapunculus Campsis C. red p. p. trumpet vine. sweet pepper.

bastard s. ovata Cassia C. illinoinensis C. canariensis Cedrus C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. false saffron. snakehead . deodara Celosia C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. carvi Carya C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C.. shellbark h. cristata Cercis C.. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. Tabasco p. nobile Chelidonium C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. marilandica Catharanthus C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. senna. garden c. chili p. capsicum p. Madagascar periwinkle.... red p. tinctorius Carum C. frutescens Carthamus C.. Tabasco-sauce p. Russian c. celandine celandine turtlehead. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. majus Chelone cayenne p.

virginicus Chrysanthemum C. rattletop black cohosh. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. coccineum C. American w. × jouiniana 'Mrs. umbellata Chionanthus C. Spanish t. intybus Cimicifuga C.C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. feather geranium. alecost pyrethrum. virgin's bower. ambrosioides C. wax flower. Chinese dwarf 1. wintergreen. Dalmatia p. leucanthemum C. parthenium C.. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. devil's-darning- . cinerariifolium C. old-man's-beard costmary. pyrethum. dwarf 1. lutea Clematis C. pigweed Mexican tea. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. racemosa Cistus C. × superbum Cichorium C.. Meyer 1. ladanifer Citrus C. mint geranium. virgilia virgin's bower. balsamita C. glabra Chenopodium C. botrys Chimaphila C.. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. Robert Brydon' C. crispus C. barbe-de-capuchin.. bonus-henricus C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. wormseed. frutescens C. leather flower. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. fat hen ambrosia. red-leaved chicory bugbane. leather flower. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon.

peregrina Consolida C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. coggygria Cotoneaster C. cneorum Coptis C. orientalis Convallaria C. thorn. ambigua C. thorn apple.needle Cnicus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. benedictus Coix C. smoke plant. smokebush smoke tree. apiculatus Crataegus C. quick-set. sativum Cornus C. majalis Convolvulus C. arkansana C. trifolia Coreopsis C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. autumnale Comptonia C. avellana Cotinus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C.. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. florida Corylus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. laevigata C. Venetian sumac. red haw hawthorn English h. smokebush. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle .

deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . sempervirens Cydonia C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. gracilis Dianthus D. West Indian 1.. citratus Cytisus C. sieberi C. maritimum Crocus C.. scoparius C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. tomasinianus Cupressus C. speciosus C. sativus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. kotschyanus C. angustifolius C. speciosus 'Albus' C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. × allwoodii D.C. oblonga Cymbopogon C.

lanata D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. carnation. × imbricata Echium clove pink. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. sativus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. burning bush. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. gas plant. spectabilis Dictamnus D. grandiflora D. sylvestris Doronicum D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. pardalianches E Echeveria E.

scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. perfoliatum E. sea eryngo California poppy C. b. S. sea holm. Japanese medlar. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. Australian gum. californica Eucalyptus E. gum tree. viridis Epimedium E. arvense E. poppy eucalypt. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. blueweed.. plum eryngo sea holly. vulgare Elaeagnus E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. pungens Eleocharis E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. dulcis Endymion E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . ironbark. epimedium barrenwort. jacinth.E. hyemale Eranthis E. rugosum v. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. J. maritimum Eschscholzia E. torquata Euonymus E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. japonica Eryngium E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E.

ulmaria F. a.s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgare F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.Euphorbia E. chiloensis F. vulgare var. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vulgare F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. assafoetida Ficus F. imperialis Fumaria F. alpine s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. a.s. major Fragaria F. a. finocchio. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vulgare subsp. sow-teat s.

hederacea Gleditsia G. alumroot herb Robert. robertianum Glechoma G.F.. honey locust. Carolina jasmine G. ground ivy. maculatum G. our-lady's-b. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. wild c. mountain tea. Capejasmine wintergreen. Carolina yellow j. triacanthos Gossypium G. virginiana Hedeoma H. woodwaxen. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. sweet w. red Robin . tinctoria Geranium G. spotted c. field balm. jasminoides Gaultheria G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. teaberry. mock p. odoratum G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. gardenia. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. checkerberry... nivalis Galium G. false baby's-breath woodruff. vernalis H. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. verum Gardenia G.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. germanica G. Carolina jessamine Genista G.. dyer's greenweed. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. runaway robin. mollugo G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. hexapetala G Galanthus G. cleavers white bedstraw.

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bimli j. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. curry plant false licorice. Deckaner h. turnsole heliotrope. lividus subsp. hibiscus kenaf. rose-of-China. Deccan h. lemon d. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. corsicus H. angustifolium H. foetidus H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. China rose. flavescens Helenium H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. bastard jute.. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H.. Hawaiian h. × luteola Herniaria H. bimlipatum j. arborescens Helleborus H. atrorubens H. Indian hemp. niger H. matronalis Hibiscus H. mallow. petiolatum Heliotropium H. rose m.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. daylily .. blacking plant plantain lily.. lilioasphodelus H. garland 1. cannabinus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting.. licorice plant heliotrope.. sweet r. glabra Hesperis H. Chinese hibiscus.. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. orientalis Hemerocallis H. giant m.

cornuta 'Burfordii' I. lupulus Hydrangea H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. patulum 'Sungold' H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. box-leaved h. orangeroot. Burford's holly Japanese holly. quercifolia Hydrastis H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. white h.-John's-wort St. asiatica Hypericum H. perforatum Hyssopus H. horned h. crenata var. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. rose h. navelwort gotu kola St. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. European h. . box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. I..

wilsonii Impatiens I. × germanica var. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. florentina I. helenium Ipomoea I. alba Iris I. spotted t. cristata I. J. virginiana red cedar jasmine.I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. yellow flag. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. snapweed. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. maculata J Jasminum J. jewelweed. vomitoria 'Nana' I. crested i.. officinale Juniperus J. chinensis var. touch-me-not jewelweed. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. tinctoria Ixia I. woad dyer's woad. opaca I. capensis Indigofera I. water f. pseudacorus Isatis I. 'Great Lakes' I. glabra I. horizontalis creeping j. crested dwarf i.. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.. tinctoria Inula I. African corn lily corn lily orris. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .

.. brandegeana shrimp plant J. flamingo p. n. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. white d. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. dumb nettle. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. angustifolia L. paradise p. angustifolia subsp. album L.Justicia water willow J. dentata L.. carnea Brazilian-plume. nobilis Lavandula L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. maculatum L. bay. d. plume plant. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . sweet bay laurel. dentata var. indica Lamium L. plume flower. n.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

muscari Lobelia L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. chalcedonicum Limonium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. pepperwort. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. perenne L. candidum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L.. benzoin Linum L. officinale Ligustrum L. hedge plant privet. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. aestivum Levisticum L. usitatissimum Liriope L. summer s. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. blue cardinal flower .< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. marsh rosemary. leonurus Leontopodium L. lovage privet. sativum Leucojum L.

pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . stellata M. honesty. coral h. campion. vulgaris Lythrum L. virginiana sweet alyssum. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. sempervirens Lunaria L. cordata Magnolia M. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. maritima L.L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. lycopersicum var. gypsywort. satin flower honesty. money plant. flava L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. silver-dollar. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. moonwort. lycopersicum var. catchfly mullein pink. annua Lychnis L. coronaria L. penny f. grandiflora M.. europaeus Lysimachia L. coronaria 'Alba' L.

alcea var. Oregon g.. 'Guiding Star' M. Virginia c. holly g. hupehensis Malva M.. Virginia b. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. menthella. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. cowslip... 'Eau de Cologne' M. fastigiata Marrubium M. b. × gentilis M. officinalis Mentha M. apple m. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. imperial stock balm lemon b. horsemint peppermint orange mint.. vulgare Matthiola M. bluebells. Brampton stock. holly mahonia. sweet b. incana Melissa M. horsemint . blue barberry apple.. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m.. longifolia M. pennyroyal Corsican m. lemon m. incanum M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. aquatica M.. bergamot m. gillyflower. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. pineapple m. white h. wild crab crab apple crab mallow.. bee b. × piperita M.Mahonia M. curly m. American crab. stock stock. angustifolia M. musk m. holly barberry. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. requienii M. pulegium M. citrata M. lungwort bluebells. × piperita var. Scotch m. mountain g.

candleberry. citriodora M. punctata Montia M. b. red m. American m.. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. sweet cicely. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. fistulosa M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . pink b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. b. Swedish m. Greek myrtle. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. banana abaca. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. textilis Myosotis M. menthifolia M. myrrh. b.M. Oswego tea. fistulosa var. odorata Myrtus M. winter purslane. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. sylvatica Myrica M. swamp c. white b. white bee balm pink b. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. anise.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. widdy shrubby c. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. pensylvanica P. aspen. hackmatack. persica Pteridium P. nepalensis P. all-heal salad burnet. pasture b. cowslip self-heal self-heal. hardy orange poplar. trifoliata Populus P. brake bracken. tacamahac cinquefoil. sand p. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . angustifolia P. five-finger shrubby c. domestica P. lungwort blue 1. veris Prunella P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. Americana P. Jerusalem sage. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. elatior P.Poncirus P. heal-all. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. Jerusalem cowslip white p. granatum Pyrus P. hog-pasture b. golden hardhack. balsam p. vulgaris Prunus P. maritima P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken... brake.

centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. moss r. autumn damask r. Bourbon r. dyer's rocket rhubarb..Quercus Q. cabbage r. ficaria Reseda R. gooseberry alpine c. fairy r.. dog b. small c. chinensis 'Minima' R. brier Banksia r. eglantine. sweetbrier French r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. stellata R Ranunculus R.. pygmy r. garden r. eglanteria R. × borboniana R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. China r. brier r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. luteola Rhamnus R. . pie plant. banksiae R. red currant. gallica damask r. 'Cinderella' R. sativum Rosa R. alpinum R. purshiana Rheum R. pilewort mignonette weld. York-and-Lancaster r.. canina R. moss r.. crowfoot lesser celandine. dog r. garden c. typhina Ribes R. mountain c. rose..

golden p. French sorrel rue . hirta Rumex R. tinctorum Rubus R. Japanese r. Cherokee r... acetosa R.. Harison's yellow r. snowdwarf memorial r.. × harisonii R. chestnut r. angustissimus R. laevigata R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. bitter d. dock s. wichuraiana R. spinosissima R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. chinquapin r. 'Schneezwerg' R.'Officinalis' R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. prairie r. roxburghii R. setigera R. rosemary white r. burnet r. garden sorrel broad dock. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. moschata R. climbing r. Scotch r. polyantha r. Turkestan r. obtusifolius R. rugosa R. climbing r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. prostrate rosemary. sorrel. musk r. r. rosemary pine-scented r. × rehderana R. madder bramble blackberry.

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caprea Salvia S. osier goat willow. viridis Sambucus S. leucantha S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. elderberry American e. clevelandii S. canadensis willow. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. pussy willow sage. s. golden g. guaranitica S. s. gray sage. argentea S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. variegated garden s. greggii S. American e. elegans S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. clary annual clary elder. leucophylla S. bloodroot red puccoon. Mexican bush s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. purple variegated garden s. involucrata S. sclarea S. bloodroot rue . including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. microphylla S. purple g. caerula S.

St. sisarum Solanum S. melongena var. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. neapolitana S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. pincushion flower pincushions. telephium Sempervivum S. tectorum Silybum S. good-luck plant. jasminoides S. atropurpurea Sedum S. milk t. orpine donkey's tail orpine. albidum Satureja S. marianum Sium S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. morganianum S. mourning-bride stonecrop.Sanguisorba S. canadensis Sansevieria S. skirret potato vine eggplant. lucky plant. devil's tongue. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina.. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. pinnata S. roof h. trifasciata Santolina S. live-forever houseleek. hortensis S. mad apple . sweet s. Mary's t. virens Saponaria S.. hemp plant snake plant. officinalis Sassafras S. blessed t.. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. live-forever houseleek.. hen-and-chickens.

comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. × persica var. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. californica Sorbaria S. officinale Syringa S. hedge nettle. big m. vulgaris 'Addie V. woundwort lamb's-ears. americana Stachys S.. laciniata Persian lilac S. lutea Stokesia S. byzantina S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. grandiflora S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. Aztec m. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T.. sorbifolia Sorbus S. lilac . woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. laevis Symphytum S. erecta marigold African m. patula melongene. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. officinale S. reticulata var. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.

yew conical y. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. officinale Taxus T. dense y. fruticans T. procumbent g. sweet mace French m. occidentalis Thymus T.. crispum Taraxacum T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. carnosus T. tansy tansy. . germander American g. lucida T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. vulgare var. lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. 'Argenteus' T.T. vulgare T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. wood sage germander dwarf. marum Thuja T. upright y. culinary golden lemon t. canadense T. columnar y. dwarf m... × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. signet m. filifolia T.

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mother-of-thyme white creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. . lemon t. odorus t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. doerfleri T. woolly thyme creeping t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. herba-barona T. serpyllum T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t.. wishbone flower. nitidus T. nummularius T. crimson c. not culinary French t. praecox T. pallasianus T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. richardii subsp.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. pratensis Trichostema T. glabrescens T. creeping t.. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. lanatum Trifolium T. zygis Torenia T. praecox subsp. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. red c. t. caraway t. t. confederatej. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. leucotrichus T.

cranberry. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. olympicum V. tall n. minus Tsuga T. speedwell. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. Indian cress dwarf n. mullein mullein. majus T. kaufmanniana T. blueberry. tarda T. bitter Indian garden n. 'Sweet Harmony' T. canadensis Tulipa T. dioica V Vaccinium V. serpyllifolia nasturtium. flannel plant. farfara U Urginea U.Tropaeolum T.. nettle stinging n. tawny orange t. 'General de Wet' T. squill. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. pale yellow Darwin t. officinalis Verbascum V. laevifolium Valeriana V.. maritima Urtica U. velvet p. blattaria V. red s. clusiana T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. water-lily t. huckleberry. . brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. species t. officinalis V. thapsus Veronica V. angustifolium var. 'Blizzard' T. early.

heartsease. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up..Vetiveria V. possum haw . stagbush periwinkle periwinkle.. minor Viola V. khus-khus.. carlesii V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. ladies-delight. heartsease pansy. canina V. cassinoides V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. × wittrockiana Vitis V. lesser p. sweet h. myrtle. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. running m. lutea 'Splendens' V. maple-leaved viburnum. nannyberry. zizanioides Viburnum V. arrowwood. withe-rod vetiver. prunifolium Vinca V. sheepberry. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. tricolor V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. violet dog violet horned v. acerifolium V. odorata V.

Adam's-needle. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 .

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