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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. This they did. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > .< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. and the experience provided the final section of the book. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. for they had no model and no guide. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. whether all their labor was to no avail. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. Again they revised. punching. bereft of hope. build it. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Ginny had done some writing. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and record every detailall of the failures. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. carefully chosen. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. pushing. more of them exist to serve as examples. responded with delight. The turning point came when. successes. alterations. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. seven years ago. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. This was not to be. with sparkling enthusiasm. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. especially poetry. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. Then. wheedling. With false starts and honest stops. and the publisher. It needs no sequel. Their energy and charm caught me up.
The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. To achieve this. . because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. The herb garden designs alone. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. Some of these were created by landscape architects. while others were prepared by landscape designers. degree of maintenance required. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. 1969 and 1980. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. historical interest. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Not all plants used are herbs. by their owners. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Likewise. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. or by contributors. the authors. A range of essential factors is considered herein. and educational purpose. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Italics are always used for botanical names. former generic names. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. although countless common names exist. without accompanying commentary. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. as in Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. we completed a test garden. specialty. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. and these are capitalizedfor example. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. We. rather. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. English thyme. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book.
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librarian. and Joanna Reed. She has served. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. We are grateful to many. Finally. Weatherhead. Betty Rea. former managing editors. Alexander Apanius. and the horticulturist. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Isaacson. A lecturer on herbs. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. past presidents. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Alice Skelsey. have also been of assistance. Jo Lohmolder. M. has given us valuable information. too. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Recognition is due Robert B. which made possible the completion of our text. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. and August Frugé. Eleanor Gambee. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. president. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. and Elizabeth Bryce. Susan Frugé. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Keebler and the late Everest P.. Wanda Ritchie. always encouraging us to stay with our project. as expediter and typist. His assistant. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Lee Buss. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Nell Neff. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Genevieve Jyurovat. Special thanks are due James C. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Herbert J. The late Raymond C. has been especially helpful over the years. Richard T. Rady. FAITH H. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us.D. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Derthick. and Rexford Talbert. Swanson and Robert B. Trudi Bela. former director of same.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. new ways of seeing. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. lay out a plan of the property." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. to increase the value of the property. a front dooryard." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. not at all difficult to maintain. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year." A good design does not "happen. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Its interest is independent of flowers. Perennial herbs. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. the north point will have been indicated. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. new plants. fences. In order to create a fine garden design. and decisions must not be left to chance. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. temples of worship. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. As one constantly reinforces the other. If no ." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. some of which are evergreen. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and hedges will have been located. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. partially excavated area.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. or an abandoned. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. As Henry Beston reflects. "Not difficult to plan. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. and structures. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden.
fences. measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > . which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.
< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. measure to locate the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. but with all needed information. and the driveway. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. measurements are in engineer's scale. to locate the house. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. other significant structures. In the absence of a survey map. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. too. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. Here. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. In this example. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. too. Next. Other areas may require a smaller scale. such as the one illustrated here. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. will give the lot or acreage measurements. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. A deed description. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. The object is to .
the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. The tools needed for drawing are few. The smaller the scale. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. driveway. enclosures. paths. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. < previous page page_3 next page > . lines at an angle. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. shrubs.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. triangleof inexpensive plastic. and parallel lines. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and unusual land features noted. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established.
the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. However. bayberry. yew. greenhouse. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. and hedges of hemlock. With the plan on paper. gazebo. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. and stone. old smokehouse. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. In the absence of a structure. or summer kitchen is ideal. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. brick.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. and holly. In the designs that follow. Upkeep. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. One basic rule is the higher the wall. garage. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. In some cases. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. iron. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. A toolhouse.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
or. Whatever the reason. gray surfaces are found. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. if wood is the material of choice. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. as an example. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Brick is the all-time favorite material. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Stained. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. When used with a hedge. box. cut stones. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. for reinforcing the design. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. or natural. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Gates are part of the enclosure. annual painting is a necessity. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. painted. Generally. the garden design is most attractive. for example. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. a temporary garden that may be changed later. In some climates. yew. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. and their styles are countless. For example. landscape timbers. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. it will seem too sparsely planted. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. whether it will be rocks. railroad ties. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Styles are legion. Allow adequate room within the row. and rosemary. . deeply evergreen. as in outdoor room dividers. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. bricks. When this reinforcement is understated. such as bayberry. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. elegant box. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Stone. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. At first. too. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Lower cost is an advantage.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. so give them much thought. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. If used. however. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. but the results will confirm this course. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Equally important is proportion. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. some deciduous and some evergreen. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. If desired. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. holly. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. or pressure-treated lumber. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. they can be made to order. Where air circulation is much needed. Rosemary. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron.
Conversely.Steps When constructing steps. there is a necessary. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. too. appearance. but should be compatible with. A width of four feet allows room for turning. There are. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. or red. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. making the design more evident. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Access paths. their use no less than comfortable. Paths must be ample. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. however. because they are just that. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Step materials need not be the same as. The colors are various: terracotta. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. If groups are walking through. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. and maintenance. It is a general rule that the less the riser. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. . rosy pink. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. for example. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. the greater the tread. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. cost. Choose the path material equally for comfort.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.
flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. With these recommendations in mind. too. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. If the garden is made up of separate beds. or trees to be considered. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. a result being hazardous footing.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. and many good references are available. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. is an enjoyable experience. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. bark or pine needles can be used. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. shrubs. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. This. they should not shade the herbs too much. They are easily renewed as they break down. When they mature. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. a soft-lead pencil in hand. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. serviceberry. shad Malus coronaria. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. prepare a planting plan for each. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site.) To avoid having a slippery surface. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida.
Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. such as the one illustrated here. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. 'Mount Hood daff. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. a focal point is customarily used. too. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Often this center of interest is a sundial. it is easily read and easily erased. whether they are invasive or tall growing. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. or whatever is best in your case. Artifacts As with other gardens. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. however. noting well their growth habits. Sept. for example.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. one-half inch equals one foot. for example. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. It needs. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. lemon thyme. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Do use a soft-lead pencil.
the height of a fence to the house.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. Again. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. If a statue less than life-size is used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. a niche of its own should be created. < previous page page_9 next page > . Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. It is then in scale with its frame. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. that of good proportion. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. the designs have a decorative north point. a stylized drawing of an ovary. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. Except for two. However. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. with one basic rule always needing to be observed.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
sativa. rose 24. which is used here in relation to a garage. 21. Foeniculum vulgare. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. or other structure.Lavandula savory angustifolia. arcticus 27. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Viola tricolor. lemon balm . A. Landscape Architect. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Allium 11. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Lobularia maritima. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.S.Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 15. summer 23. bee balm 13. The first number in each planting area is the key number.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.A. 7. fennel 2. With color and texture considered for contrast. salad burnet 12. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Ocimum basilicum. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. dill cerasiforme. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. The rules of symmetry are observed.L. 5. a fence.Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.Satureja montana. 1. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja hortensis. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Poterium sanguisorba. 22. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Origanum majorana. sweet 25. 16. 3. 6. Lavenders accent the front corners. 4. 26. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.Melissa officinalis. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. lovage 17.Galium odoratum. 14. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.
Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Greek 28.Origanum heracleoticum. curly parsley 10.Petroselinum crispum var.8.Salvia officinalis. 19. chive 18. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Porrum Group. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . Pelargonium × limoneum. leek 9. Chrysanthemum balsamita. dwarf garden 20.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. costmary 'Albus'.
1. . Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Foeniculum vulgare. perhaps overgrown with weeds. 17. bush basil 3. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Rosmarinus officinalis. Petroselinum crispum var.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. rose 19. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 11. lemon verbena 21. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Pelargonium tomentosum.Lavandula angustifolia. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Allium schoenoprasum. 12.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 9.Aloysia triphylla. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Monarda didyma.Poterium sanguisorba. as was done here. curly parsley sativa.Pelargonium graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. white 20. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. summer 10. French tarragon 2.Satureja hortensis. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 18. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. 13.
Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Heliotropium arborescens. English'.Thymus × citriodorus. 16.Rosa eglanteria. 14. English thyme dill 8. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Origanum majorana. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Galium odoratum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. eglantine 23.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.salad burnet 6.
Chionanthus virginicus. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. A. garden sage 8. however.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. The image would soon give way to other considerations. however.Levisticum officinale. sativa. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja hortensis. making the beds larger and the paths wider. spearmint 16. lemon thyme 10. Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1. and the plan could be used at a front door. dill 2.Allium schoenoprasum.L. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. 7. 9. .S.Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha spicata.Taxus cuspidata. sweet marjoram 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. Even in limited space. Then the design might need to be expanded. still observing a scale. 13. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. parsley 5. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. The garden is conveniently located. English thyme Greek oregano 4. salad burnet 14.Salvia officinalis. lovage 15.Petroselinum crispum.A. summer savory 11. Japanese yew 17. Origanum majorana.
6. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.
lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 18. 25.Polystichum acrostichoides.Pulmonaria officinalis.Polemonium reptans.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . lemon thyme 28. 30. 33. wild ginger 27. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Osmunda cinnamomea. garden sage 17. fennel 19. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Allium ampeloprasum. The number in each planting area is the key number. salad 20.Origanum majorana.A. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. Dictamnus albus.S. cinnamon fern 4.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. sweet violet 16. Landscape Architect. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Stachys byzantina. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. summer 21. The long.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. the challenge is obvious. hop sativa. 6.Humulus lupulus. 9. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Teucrium chamaedrys. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. bee balm 14.Digitalis grandiflora. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. 31. lavender marjoram 2. Jacob's-ladder 3.Primula vulgaris.Convallaria majalis. blue lungwort 26.Artemisia dracunculus var. yellow 29. 32. 13. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. fraxinella 15. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. 1.Thymus × citriodorus. Christmas fern 5. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. This is an intimate garden. 7. Monarda didyma.L. Viola odorata. A.Asarum canadense. leek Foeniculum vulgare. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.
Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Petroselinum crispum var.Satureja montana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. crispum. Canada hemlock Standard'. French thyme woodruff koreana. sweet 34. French'.Galium odoratum. 35.Korean box 11.Buxus microphylla var.lilac 10.Sorbus americana.Tsuga canadensis.Galium verum.savory germander Willmott'. curly parsley mountain ash 12. winter savory 24. yellow bedstraw 23. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .
To be placed near the kitchen. 1. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. dill 10. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. geometric design.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum var. 19. One of the beds. this design can be an inspiration. Italian parsley . Even so.Origanum heracleoticum." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Salvia officinalis. Surprisingly. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. lemon verbena 2. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Rumex scutatus. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. It is a pleasing. it became part of the patio. neapolitanum. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. garden sage 20.
lemon balm cicely 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. sweet 18. salad 15. crispum.Ocimum basilicum 12. borage 'Purpurascens'. Alpine strawberry 7.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. English thyme bush basil 8.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. 16.17. winter savory 24.Melissa officinalis. purple basil 4. summer savory 23. lemon basil 9. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Myrrhis odorata.Borago officinalis.Origanum majorana.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. sweet 13. curly parsley 22.Artemisia dracunculus var. basil sativa.Satureja montana. garlic chive 26.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Anthriscus cerefolium. sweet 14. chive 25.Poterium sanguisorba. chervil marjoram 21. French tarragon 5.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium tuberosum.3.
< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Pelargonium in variety. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Galium odoratum. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. purple basil 4. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. green santolina 12.Santolina virens. The center beds here were established in this way.Lavandula angustifolia. lamb's-ears 20. Created in an orderly way.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely 23. it is an unusual. so.Stachys byzantina. 1. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Hyssopus officinalis. 19. blue 22.C.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. geometric design.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. sweet 13. To increase the planting area. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. English lavender 10.Thymus × citriodorus. too. the work paths could be eliminated. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. gray . As a whole.Myrrhis odorata. scented-leaf geranium 2. it is full of interesting angles. winter 21. D. 14. rosemary 3. English thyme lemon thyme 11.
Ilex opaca. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia abrotanum.Myrtus communis.Marrubium vulgare.Dianthus caryophyllus. American southernwood holly 17. classic myrtle 9.Salvia officinalis. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound artemisia 18. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys. clove pink 7. germander 16.Artemisia camphorata. horehound24.6.
Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm 22.Chamaemelum . blue hyssop 2. too. gray santolina 13. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Job's tears 11. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. casts the shadow for the hour.Tanacetum vulgare. borage 23. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. 1. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. winter savory 16.Artemisia absinthium. Coix lacryma-jobi. pot marigold 24. sweet basil 4. absinthe 26. this herb garden is secluded. which adds its impression of warmth. Its arrow points north and. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Artemisia dracunculus var. French tarragon 14. yarrow 12. arcticus 21. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. This center of interest is of particular note.Calendula officinalis. sweet woodruff 5. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest.Borago officinalis. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. purple basil 3. rosemary 15. Achillea millefolium. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Hyssopus officinalis. tansy 25. Ocimum basilicum. Sometimes space is limited.Satureja montana. English lavender 6.Rosmarinus officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sativa.
Allium geranium schoenoprasum. costmary 'Albus'. scented-leaf 27.Symphytum officinale. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . variegated garden sage 8. wild marjoram 28.7. comfrey20.Pelargonium in variety. garden sage 19.Carya illinoinensis. marjoram pecan 10. Salvia elegans.Origanum vulgare. chamomile 17. pineapplescented sage 9. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. white creeping thyme nobile. chive 18.Syringa. sweet 29.Origanum majorana. Salvia officinalis.
18. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 30. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. sunken into the ground. chervil 15. lemon balm 35. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. French sorrel 21. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. 3. sweet cicely 37. summer 32.Artemisia dracunculus var. rose geranium 2. dill 20. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Galium odoratum. 7.Apium graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil Zingiber officinale.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Pelargonium × limoneum. rue 31.Pelargonium graveolens. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Teucrium chamaedrys.Allium schoenoprasum. lovage 22. 29.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Melissa officinalis. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. 8. When controlled in this way. 19.Ipomoea alba. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Ruta graveolens. sweet 34. 1.Myrrhis odorata. 4. for example lemon balm and spearmint. true ginger16. 6. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.Allium sativum. horehound 33. garlic Levisticum officinale. sativa. blue 23. hyssop Meyer lemon . marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 5. 9. parsley 17.Satureja hortensis. The more invasive ones. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana. Anthriscus cerefolium. 36.
dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.10. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Mentha spicata. spearmint 27. bush basil 14. Greek oregano 12. salad burnet 25.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus × citriodorus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Origanum heracleoticum. French thyme 24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lemon verbena 11. Japanese yew 39. lemonthyme 28.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet basil 38.Magnolia virginiana. English thyme 26.Tropaeolum minus.Poterium sanguisorba.
simplify!. however. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. "Simplify. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. < previous page page_22 next page > ." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. but.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. a quick way to ensure good drainage. whatever the reason. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
dill 13.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium fistulosum. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. arcticus.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Thymus praecox subsp.Capsicum frutescens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana. sweet 17. tansy 11.Salvia officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. jewelweed24.Mentha spicata. 1. 12.Galium odoratum. lettuce 10. bee balm 19. sweet 25. bell pepper 6.Lindera benzoin.Ruta graveolens. garden sage 3. aloe Grossum Group. parsley 2.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Lactuca sativa. French tarragon 5.Artemisia absinthium.Tanacetum vulgare. spicebush absinthe French'. rue 20.Petroselinum crispum. balm sativa.Monarda didyma.Ocimum basilicum. 16.Hedeoma pulegioides.Allium schoenoprasum. peppermint 23. summer basil savory 7. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Anethum graveolens. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Impatiens capensis. 14.Mentha x piperita.Melissa officinalis. 26. lemon 22. 18. spearmint 21. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. sweet 15.Satureja hortensis.Aloe barbadensis.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
faced and capped with random.Teucrium chamaedrys. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. germander 7. encloses this plan. horizontally laid bluestone. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. Perovskia abrotanoides. Russian 13. Thymus praecox subsp. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. 1. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. 8. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. arcticus 14.Pelargonium in variety.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. A low wall of brick. too. . French thyme 2.
Alchemilla vulgaris.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. St.Galium odoratum. lady's6. witch hazel 18. arcticus 'Albus'. lemon thyme 10. trumpet vine 16.Santolina neapolitana 4.Melissa officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.-John'swort 17. blue 11. white creeping thyme 5.Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 3. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crimson creeping thyme 9.Campsis radicans.Hamamelis virginiana.angustifolia. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. Thymus × citriodorus. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Viburnum cassinoides. lemon balm hyssop 12.
holly. It is. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. lilac. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. the shrubsyew. Germander is a proper edging here.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. however. < previous page page_28 next page > . Although this is not a large garden. However. box. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. broom 40. Heliotropium arborescens. woolly thyme 7.Eloise & Jo Ray.Dictamnus albus. columnal yew 43. red creeping thyme 10.Borago officinalis. cottage pink 2.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 18.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. white creeping thyme 37. arcticus 'Albus'.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis. Marrubium vulgare. Myrrhis odorata. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Anemone pulsatilla. dwarf crested iris 39. prostrate rosemary 13. 9. Alchemilla vulgaris. lilac 45. Thymus praecox subsp. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. clary 30.Salvia leucophylla. gray sage savory 14. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Artemisia frigida. sweet violet 19.Satureja montana. Mentha requienii.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. germander 36. mint silver mound artemisia 25. lavender 22. Viola odorata.Salvia sclarea. 12.Iris × germanica var.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. dwarf box 41. Corsican 24.Stachys byzantina. 1. florentina.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Myrtus communis.Ruta graveolens. blue horehound hyssop 3.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lamb'sears 35.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Japanese holly 42.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Cytisus supinus. fraxinella 33. Simkins'. dwarf privet 48. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lady's.Teucrium chamaedrys. orris 38.Chamaemelum nobile.Artemisia camphorata. alpine strawberry 8. green 27. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. sweet cicely17. mantle chamomile 5.Thymus praecox subsp. 21. 32.Comptonia peregrina. Thymus praecox subsp. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. 23. crimson creeping thyme 31.20. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. white hyssop 4. fringed wormwood 16.Santolina pinnata 34.Thymus praecox subsp. 26. Japanese holly 47.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. rue 6.Santolina virens. sweet albula. santolina alpine pink 28. classic myrtle 15.Iris cristata.Syringa patula. Japanese yew 44. winter 29.
This hedge. and a vegetable garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. the center of interest for the herb garden. an herb garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . The direction a path takes can add interest. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. as is true here in the vegetable garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. a running bond pattern. while adding to the enclosure of the area. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. allowing adequate access to the lawn area.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. Other paths are brick. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. a cutting garden.
A. Landscape Architect. A.S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. .
The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 56. helenium 4.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. 37.Limonium latifolium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. yellow 35. Achillea taygetea.Stachys byzantina.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. lavender 18.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet marjoram 45. lemon 29. clary 46. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sativa. 53. double white peony of-Persia 12. 55. alpine strawberry 3. Louise'.Santolina virens. Aquilegia chrysantha.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. green santolina 42.Helleborus niger. 1.Ribes alpinum. 50. candytuft Standard'. Christmas 48. blue iris 9. lemon thyme 40. Dictamnus albus. pale 28.Magnolia virginiana.Satureja hortensis. purple basil Japanese holly 17. plantain lily 2. 14.Satureja montana. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white 'Bouquet'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. 52. French thyme 7.Lilium candidum.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Salvia sclarea. Campanula persicifolia. Anethum graveolens 23. Rosmarinus officinalis. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. blue hyssop 43.Digitalis grandiflora.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 54. starsMaxima'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Aloysia triphylla. 47. summer 34.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Pelargonium in variety. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Hemerocallis × luteola.Thymus × citriodorus. cottage pink French'.Hyssopus officinalis. dill wishbone flower 5. verbena rose chive 11.Allium christophii. sweet 51.Polystichum acrostichoides.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum heracleoticum. blue 27.Stokesia laevis.Petroselinum crispum var. fraxinella 26.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. Stokes' aster 31.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. French tarragon 8. 32. bush basil 41. York-andLancaster rose 16. germander 39. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. winter savory 44.Galium odoratum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. yellow epimedium 15. columbine dwarf marigold 6. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. yellow 24.Origanum majorana.Teucrium chamaedrys. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 22. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. lamb's-ears 49. statice Solemacher'.
Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. a retaining wall or walls are needed. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. as in this case. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. < previous page page_32 next page > . It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. While serving as a soil retainer.
21. lamb's25. Borago officinalis. bee balm 24. Ocimum basilicum.A. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Iris cristata.Allium schoenoprasum. Melissa officinalis. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. 42. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lady's43. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Solanum pseudocapsicum.A. English 44. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. Monarda didyma. sweet 23.R. Landscape Architect.Viola odorata. The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus.Alchemilla vulgaris.Iris pseudacorus.Aloysia triphylla.45. 1.Galium odoratum. . Stachys byzantina. borage 26.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha spicata. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. spearmint 41. crispum. lemon verbena 46.Tanacetum vulgare var. lemon 22.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F.
clove 55. rosemary 9. 37.Crataegus arkansana. salad burnet 10. curly parsley oak 17. sweet marjoram 28. garden sage 36.Marrubium vulgare. leek 49.Salvia elegans. flowering dogwood 15.Cornus florida. pink hawthorn 16. southernwood 31.Ruta graveolens. rue 51. dill 34.Elaeagnus pungens. 40. savory sativa. carpet bugleweed 8. mullein chive 47.Capsicum frutescens. tabasco senna pepper 20. Porrum Group.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia abrotanum.Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha pulegium.Cassia marilandica. 52.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia absinthium.Quercus stellata.Allium tuberosum. 33. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Vinca minor.Salvia officinalis. pennyroyal 54. myrtle 58.Allium cepa.7.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Origanum majorana.Foeniculum vulgare. post crispum 'Banquet'.Mentha × piperita var. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. summer 32. 57.Artemisia dracunculus var. wild 39.Verbascum thapsus.Dianthus caryophyllus.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. garlic chive 48. horehound neapolitanum. fennel 35.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Satureja hortensis. Rosmarinus officinalis. Proliferum Group. pineapple38. absinthe English thyme 27.Petroselinum crispum var.Petroselinum crispum var.Nepeta cataria. Greek 53. 56. French tarragon holly 13. orange mint 29. Egyptian onion 11. catnip 50.Allium ampeloprasum. polyantha rose 12. Ajuga reptans.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Rosa × rehderana. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . citrata. Poterium sanguisorba. curly mint 30.Allium sativum.
a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. and vinegars. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. sleep pillows. mothproofing bags. Although this is a northeast exposure. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. However.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. < previous page page_34 next page > . but it is more than adequate for potpourri. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.
< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox. Landscape Architect .
Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Artemisia dracunculus var.The number in each planting area is the key number. garden 'Purpurascens'. Lactuca. blue hyssop 35.Satureja montana. 50. dwarf savory garden sage 13. southernwood 9. pot 28.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. lemon 31. Petroselinum crispum var.Galium odoratum. sativa.Mentha spicata. purple basil sage 11. anise hyssop 14.Pelargonium × limoneum. Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage 2. French tarragon 10. burnet lovage 6. 19. Santolina chamaecyparissus. crispum.Pelargonium fragrans. florentina.Salvia elegans.Thuja occidentalis. 23.Tropaeolum minus. rue 26.Hyssopus officinalis .Laurus nobilis. Ruta graveolens. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Levisticum officinale.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. lilac 32. Artemisia pontica. bee balm 30. chive 43.Allium sativum var.Hemerocallis.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia abrotanum. salad 22.Allium pulchellum 47. French gray santolina sorrel 8. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tanacetum vulgare.Salvia oficinalis. peppermint geranium 40.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. 'President Poincare'. 49. costmary 5. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Hallock'.Allium moly.Ocimum basilicum 27. 21. 'Monge'. lavender 7. nutmeg geranium 39.Calendula officinalis. orris 17. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Valeriana officinalis.Salvia officinalis. lemon 18. winter 29. American rosemary arborvitae 34. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. tansy 16. Roman 20.Allium schoenoprasum. lettuce in variety 25.Agastache foeniculum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rumex scutatus. bay 48. Proliferum Group. round-headed garlic 46. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. lemon verbena 36. lily leek 44.Tsuga canadensis.Allium cepa. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . Egyptian onion 42.Allium sphaerocephalum. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Thymus × citriodorus.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Aloysia triphylla. balm valerian 15. 24.Rosmarinus officinalis. daylily in variety 41.Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. 1. dwarf nasturtium 37.Pelargonium tomentosum.
A simple knot. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. is the focus of the middle level. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. < previous page page_36 next page > .< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Invasive. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level.
salad burnet 23. sativa. white thrift 24. pineapple mint 22. thyme 3. horehound 46. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. dwarf winter savory 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Sempervivum tectorum.Monarda didyma. foxglove 4.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon 44. fennel 25. pineapplescented sage 47. Digitalis purpurea.Satureja hortensis.Salvia elegans. houseleek 45. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. bee balm 26. Valeriana officinalis. summer savory 43. valerian 5.Marrubium vulgare.Foeniculum vulgare.Armeria maritima. golden thyme . Satureja montana 'Nana'.
lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Chrysanthemum 36.Rosmarinus officinalis. pink 59.Rosa chinensis. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. blue hyssop 57. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Laurus nobilis.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. feverfew climbing rose 16. sweet 50. China rose comfrey 19.Ocimum basilicum.Allium schoenoprasum. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. sweet 37.Lilium candidum.Echium vulgare. annual clary 51.Salvia viridis. Isatis tinctoria. sweet basil sage 27. 39. Salvia sclarea.Calendula officinalis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Symphytum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. dwarf edging box 21.Anemone pulsatilla.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rue 31.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Madonna cicely lily 12. white 58. 33.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Eranthis hyemalis.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Galium odoratum. marigold chive 15. germander 56.Origanum majorana.Galium verum. angelica Lenten rose 10. fraxinella 8. clary 48.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus niger. 54. French'.Rosa eglanteria. 61. Angelica archangelica.Artemisia absinthium.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Agrimonia eupatoria.Sium sisarum.Levisticum officinale. absinthe 53.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. winter bugloss 'Albus'. arcticus 55.Ruta graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 30.Alchemilla vulgaris. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . garden 42. Dictamnus albus. lavender Christmas rose 11.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Myrrhis odorata. pink 62. white creeping thyme aconite 14. parthenium.Crocus sativus. rosemary 28.Helleborus orientalis.Salvia officinalis. viper's 34.Teucrium chamaedrys. dyer's woad 7. yellow 41.6. 38. 40. pot 35. English 52.Lavandula angustifolia. skirret 60. sweet 32.
Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. There is variety in this plan. < previous page page_38 next page > . even though space is limited. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Carya ovata. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. and the shagbark hickory. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. However. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.
sweet basil Satureja montana. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. Canada Isatis tinctoria. Adiantum pedatum. dogwood Salvia sclarea. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. Poterium sanguisorba. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English ivy Buxus sempervirens.Galium verum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. flax Buxus sempervirens. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. Asarum canadense. green santolina Primula veris. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. valerian Rosa damascena. chive Ilex opaca. Aloysia triphylla. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. germander Agastache foeniculum. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. bee balm Melissa officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. angelica Mondarda didyma. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. lamb's. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. sativa. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety.Arisaema triphyllum. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Marrubium vulgare. box Ruta graveolens. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. rue Cornusflorida. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. borage Petroselinum crispum. box Buxus sempervirens. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. citrata. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. red mint . catmint Hyssopus officinalis. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. box Carya ovata. stewardsonii. Artemisia absinthium. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. French Galium odoratum.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. is on a sandy knoll. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A singular statue of St. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. too. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. For this appearance. < previous page page_40 next page > . Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. However. An informal. this excavation. a dipping pool there. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A clump of birch here. first intended for the construction of a cottage.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. unplanned look was desired. it is open on the side facing the house.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
rue 29. 33.Pelargonium odoratissimum. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. golden 37. 64.Teucrium canadense. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. fern-leaf tansy 23.Origanum onites.Melissa officinalis.Coriandrum sativum. 61. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 78. feverfew 27. Sempervivum tectorum.Valeriana officinalis.Levisticum officinale. 52. lemon 35.Consolida orientalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. mint 50. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Thymus herba-barona. 31.Glechoma hederacea.Myrrhis odorata.Santolina florentina. 69. marsh 42. 68. pineapple3.Anethum graveolens. pennyroyal 46.Urginea maritima. 77.Convallaria majalis. garden sage lungwort 57. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Artemisia abrotanum.Satureja hortensis. gray scented sage santolina 4. 60. orris chamaecyparissus. 59. Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus praecox subsp. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 67.Ocimum basilicum. winter savory 20. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Althaea officinalis.Betula papyrifera. woolly thyme 13. 79.Angelica archangelica. lemon balm 44.Salvia officinalis.Mentha × gentilis.Petroselinum crispum.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. 12.Mentha × piperita. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Digitalis grandiflora.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus praecox subsp. 63.Monarda didyma.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Pulmonaria officinalis.Rosa 'Merry England'. 36. 1.Tanacetum vulgare var. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Monarda fistulosa. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 32.Allium favum lovage 22. peppermint 47. chive crispum.Mentha spicata. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 34.Ajuga reptans.Chelidonium majus. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 76. thrift55.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Nepeta cataria. 65.Anthriscus cerefolium.Pelargonium quercifolium. white birch English lavender parthenium. 72. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Vinca minor. 75.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Chrysanthemum 80.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 58. spearmint 45.Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. Artemisia dracunculusvar. celandine cicely 18.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. bee balm . wild 43. 'Prostratus'. 30. wild 51.Pelargonium graveolens. pot 66. 74.Origanum vulgare. sea onion angelica 24. rose geranium 10.Viola tricolor. French'.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Origanum majorana. orange geranium 11.Lavandula angustifolia.Digitalis purpurea. myrtle 14. Johnny-jump-up54.Mentha suaveolens. sweet 71.Pelargonium tomentosum.Hyssopus officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. apple mint 49. blue 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. rose bergamot valerian 25. Iris × germanica var.Armeria maritima. creeping juniper 26.Pelargonium crispum. 53. 8. 38.Pelargonium denticulatum. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 70. red mint 48. purple basil 9.The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea tomentosa.Satureja montana. catnip 73.Mentha pulegium.Salvia elegans. Ruta graveolens.
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Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. making it more a part of the herb garden. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. is used for the wall. and the two small trees. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Because of the edging box. < previous page page_42 next page > . Foundation stone. the same as the smokehouse construction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the accents of the six large box. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here.
Landscape Architect.L. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.S. A.
English 'Minimum'.Artemisia abrotanum.Satureja montana. balm citrata. chive comfrey curly mint 8. balsamita. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. winter 42. 21.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. 41. pineapple mint 18. 35.Crocus. Dictamnus albus.Alchemilla vulgaris. Symphytum officinale. species in variety crispum.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha × piperita var. Asarum europaeum. dwarf edging box 14. fringed 43.Lilium candidum.Myrrhis odorata. lemon basil 15. Corsican 33.Galium odoratum. lovage 46.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon 34. spearmint 48. Ocimum basilicum 24.Mentha × piperita. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. purple basil sativa.Chrysanthemum 28. bee balm 29.Angelica archangelica. 31. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. crownbasil savory imperial 11. sweet 26.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 32.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Allium giganteum. 22. lady's. white 23.38. summer 25. verbena English thyme 5. sweet 37.Buxus sempervirens. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. orange mint 19.Aloysia triphylla. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Viola tricolor.Allium schoenoprasum.Pulmonaria officinalis. European ginger 4. fraxinella 17. Origanum majorana. rosemary 3.Mentha spicata.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 30. 1.Mentha requienii. 27. Lavandula angustifolia. box 'Citriodorum'.Artemisia frigida. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Melissa officinalis. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. sweet marjoram 2. 44.Crataegus laevigata.Tanacetum vulgare var. 47.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Fritillaria imperialis.Prunus domestica.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. lemon 36. blue angelica lungwort 20. 39.Levisticum officinale. Satureja hortensis. sweet cicely45. 'Purpurascens'. 40.
Instead. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. < previous page page_44 next page > . two specimen shrubs. Lowgrowing. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. pink of Dianthus. This is true also of the stone curbing. the dwarf box edging. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. too. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. although it is ample at four feet. The dipping bowl. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. a soil retainer. This hedge. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter.
Landscape Architect. .L.S. A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.
Nepeta mussinii. Compactus'. American 38. borage 31. Thymus doerfleri.Crocus speciosus.Aloysia triphylla.Teucrium canadense.Pelargonium in variety. green santolina 37. arcticus 34. 40. 1.Convallaria majalis.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. tulip citrata. Stachys byzantina. Salvia officinalis. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Lilium candidum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. prostrate rosemary 18.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Mertensia virginica. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 54. 43.Myrica pensylvanica.57. 46.Crocus tomasinianus. 56. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Galium odoratum.Narcissus triandrus var. lemon 33. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. rue25. winter savory 39.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. arcticus 30. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. thyme 29.Helleborus lividus subsp. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. gray 22.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Allium christophii.Thymus praecox subsp. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Pelargonium in variety.Thymus × citriodorus. clary 32. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. 26. black cohosh windflower 15. 50. Madonna 63. angel's-tears 59.Helleborus niger.Ocimum basilicum. 53.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Angelica archangelica.Allium giganteum angelica 11. 61. lily. 52. 20. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Levisticum officinale. sweet 27. caraway thyme albus.Satureja montana.Hamamelis virginiana.Cimicifuga racemosa.Anemone blanda.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. verbena snowflake 19. orange mint 8.Thymus herba-barona. spearmint 48. 49. 'Lanuginosus'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Crocus kotschyanus.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Mentha spicata. Santolina chamaecyparissus. marjoram crocus 7. 45. lamb's-ears 28. 51. Spanish bluebell 16. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 17. 2.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Dicentra spectabilis. golden thyme41. Thymus praecox subsp.Galanthus nivalis.Leucojum aestivum. 44. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. sweet 55. white 42. lemon 60. angustifolia 'Nana'. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Borago officinalis.Salvia sclarea. 58.Heliotropium arborescens.Crocus angustifolius. 36.Sternbergia lutea.Digitalis grandiflora. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Narcissus asturiensis. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita var.Tulipa clusiana.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Mentha × piperita. catmint 35. sweet 47.
very livable and profoundly satisfying. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Morning sun warms it early. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Second. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. The results have been most satisfying. First. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house.
Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. sweet basil 23.Tulipa tarda.Crocus sieberi.Apium graveolens. crocus 44.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Thymus × citriodorus.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.L. absinthe sativa. Landscape Architect.Artemisia dracunculus var. 26. Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia lactiflora.A. French tarragon 5. English thyme 43. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. marigold 41.Salvia officinalis. clary thyme 22.Allium neapolitanum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.S. The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. Beauty'.Allium ampeloprasum. wild celery 42. 25. Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage 4.Salvia sclarea. A. lemon 21. Artemisia absinthium 24. tulip 45. woolly thyme 3. Ocimum basilicum. . leek 46. Porrum Group. 'Lambrook Silver'. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.
English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. fraxinella 36. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. lemon 50. pale 49. American marjoram Yellow'. 8.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Levisticum officinale. sweet 37.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. lovage 34.Rosmarinus officinalis.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Santolina virens.Lobelia siphilitica. Lavandula angustifolia. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. weed chive 48.Ribes sativum.Clematis 'Mrs. blue 38.Dictamnus albus.Tropaeolum minus.Hyssopus officinalis. great 31. catmint 53.Allium senescens var.Artemisia camphorata. 56. yellow 55. viola holly 18. curly parsley 20.Origanum majorana.Allium schoenoprasum.foxglove 7.Nepeta × faassenii.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. alpine 28.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. butterfly 47. lobelia Sherbert'. clematis 11. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Stachys byzantina. monkshood upright yew 17.Asclepias tuberosa.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. lamb's-ears 52.Aconitum napellus.Achillea filipendula 60.Digitalis grandiflora.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. green 40. 29.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dianthus × allwoodii.Malus hupehensis.Galium mollugo.Petroselinum crispum var.Ilex opaca. white evergreen azalea 16. American elderberry 15. 54.Cornus florida. Robert verbena Brydon'. Viola odorata.Ipomoea alba. 58. 32. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. dogwood 19.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. bee balm foxglove Choice'. pink 30. red currant gray santolina 13. 39.Aloysia triphylla.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
even though the growing area is not extensive. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. The four herb beds. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Well-drained as they are.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. an impression of Sol in it. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. are raised with bricks on edge. repeats again the octagonal form. A birdbath of copper. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Pelargonium graveolens.Joan E.Pelargonium crispum. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. Artemisia absinthium. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. 1. absinthe 20. lemon 41. 29.Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Marrubium vulgare. silver mound artemisia 8.Salvia sclarea.Pelargonium odoratissimum. sativa.Allium tuberosum. purple variegated garden sage 36.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . sweet woodruff 9. lavender 15.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lamb's-ears 17. lemon 39.Pelargonium tomentosum.Ruta graveolens. French 26. rue 35.Salvia officinalis.Nepeta mussinii.Pelargonium denticulatum. clove pink 10. white creeping thyme 12. 27.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. curly parsley 32.Lavandula angustifolia. Stachys byzantina.Ocimum basilicum.Petroselinum crispum var.Mentha × piperita. 43.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. English thyme horehound 2. Galium odoratum. peppermint 4. purple basil 24. French tarragon 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. bush basil 23. Artemisia abrotanum. Artemisia dracunculus var.Poterium sanguisorba.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. curly mint 3. thyme salad burnet 40.Lavandula dentata. catmint 6.Heliotropium arborescens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 28. 42.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 30. Anethum graveolens. golden variegated garden sage 38.Aloysia triphylla. clary 21.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Mentha spicata. heliotrope 31. lavender pine geranium chive 13. rosemary 33. 16. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. angustifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Semple. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. orange santolina geranium 11. sweet basil 22. 19. prostrate rosemary 34. spearmint southernwood 5. crispum. dill 18. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Santolina 25. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. variegated garden sage 37.
There are a number of plants suitable for such use. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. and lantana are a few. lemon verbena. A suitable fence. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. a toolhouse. too. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. A birdbath may replace the pool. if neither is available. < previous page page_52 next page > . Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose geranium. rose. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
gray santolina chamomile 14. Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum nobile. arcticus 'Albus'. rosescented geranium 17.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architect.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. heliotrope 21. bush basil 5.Chenopodium botrys. crispum. 1. 13.Artemisia absinthium 11.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.S. woolly thyme 15. absinthe 'Minimum'.Pelargonium frutetorum.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 20. geranium 16.Santolina virens.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Origanum majorana. A. white creeping thyme 2.A. zonal geranium 19.Aloysia triphylla.L. fern-leaf tansy 8.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Thymus × citriodorus. verbena ambrosia 4. lemon 10.Tanacetum vulgare var. 7. zonal geranium 18.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. green 12.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. lavender 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet santolina marjoram 6. 9.
the design is clearly traced. Box and holly enclose it all. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. mints. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . and coltsfoot are only a few of them. As the snows melt. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. a deep mauve to others. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. apothecary's rose. Angelica. box. These can easily obliterate a design. but the design itself has endured forty years. artemisias. The dwarf box frames the focal point. a sundial. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. orris box 22. fern-leaf tansy 5. 48. crimson creeping thyme 18. chamomile 31.Asarum europaeum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French thyme Madonna lily 16. Dianthus caryophyllus. green santolina 24.Galium odoratum.Sium sisarum. Chamaemelum nobile.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula dentata. blue hyssop 42. 26. thrift 41. Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia. Origanum majorana. 'Albus'.Paeonia officinalis.Monarda fistulosa. 59. pot bergamot marjoram 7. arcticus 39.Thymus praecox subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 27. lamb's-ears 33. 62.Alchemilla alpina. grape fennel 19.Taxus.Pulmonaria officinalis. perilla 51. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 67. white 66. masterwort 69.30.Pyrus communis.Thymus praecox subsp.Vitis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Armeria maritima.Lilium candidum. florentina. absinthe 34.Symphytum officinale. wild 52. green. rue 23.Myrrhis odorata. 1. daffodil 17. arcticus 38.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. dyer's woad 9. garden sage Christmas rose 10. lady's-mantle 46.Buxus sempervirens. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Syringa.Tanacetum vulgare var. nasturtium 28.47. sweet woodruff45.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Perillafrutescens.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. bush basil nettle orpine 4. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Arisaema dracontium.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Thymus praecox subsp. white dead 49.Allium schoenoprasum. 55.Artemisia camphorata.Helleborus orientalis. valerian 6.Astrantia major.Artemisia absinthium.Isatis tinctoria.Melissa officinalis. 56.Santolina chamaecyparissus. houseleek Lenten rose 11. 65. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Santolina neapolitana 36. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . alpine 60.Origanum onites. marjoram lungwort crispum. orris 57.Sempervivum tectorum.James D.Reseda luteola. piney 44. weld 54.Lamium album. Canadian burnet 13. Satureja montana. rosemary 25. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Valeriana officinalis.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. blue 50. Tropaeolum majus. yew Beauty'.Stachys byzantina. clove pink 29.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Sedum telephium.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. white creeping thyme French'. 58.63. feverfew 14. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Helleborus niger.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. southernwood 2. winter savory 32. skirret 53. scented. bronze 64. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. lilac 70.Asclepias tuberosa. germander 43.Alchemilla vulgaris.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. dwarf edging box 21.Iris × germanica var. butterfly weed35. gray 37.Hyssopus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. Pelargonium in variety. arcticus 40. Graham.
Rosa 'Albertine'. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. but no panacea for the maintenance required. with buds of red. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. However. pink. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. include this one. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. If there is room for only one rambler rose. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. In addition to the brick edging around each. They are small specialty beds.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. At the top of the steps. The large. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. rising from the courtyard. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. < previous page page_56 next page > . diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler.
Tanacetum vulgare. alpine strawberry 3. tansy Bois'. foxglove 39. caraway 24. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 41. subsp. lemon balm 42.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Rheum rhabarbarum. bush basil 43. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Melissa officinalis. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. rhubarb 2. Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. angelica 20. 1. garden sage 40. 22.Satureja montana. 23.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. lavender 4.Borago officinalis. English thyme . Carum carvi. Angelica archangelica.
citrata.Chrysanthemum 46. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. 56.Dianthus Victoria'.6.Lavandula dentata.R. thyme frutescens. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. 49. 45.'Baronne Prevost'.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. 36.R. pineapple34. French 33.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R. marguerite chive 9. Mexican tea 18.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. silver 27. salad 7. musk rose 12. centifolia 'Cristata'.Anethum graveolens 47. var.Allium schoenoprasum. rose 28. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.R. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Chrysanthemum. curly parsley 26.R.Salvia elegans. centifolia.Laurus nobilis.Tagetes filifolia. pot 50. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Mentha × piperita var.Chrysanthemum balsamita. French'.Poterium sanguisorba.Calendula officinalis. 29. centifolia var. muscosa 15. geranium in 30.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. lemon 51. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Petroselinum crispum var. prostrate rosemary 16. borboniana 'La Reine 14. Consolida ambigua. 35. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Chenopodium 55.Marrubium vulgare. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. cheddar pink 53. blue hyssop 25. 54. Pelargonium graveolens.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. Hyssopus officinalis.R. clove pink Mammoth'. bourbon rose 10.Aloysia triphylla.R. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Satureja hortensis. Irish-lace 48. 31.Teucrium chamaedrys. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . sweet 37. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.sativa.Artemisia dracunculus 44. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Pelargonium.'Albertine'.R.
and the access to it is surfaced with brick. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Balance is augmented. < previous page page_58 next page > . the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is near the house. Laid in an unusual pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. as it should be. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Myosotis sylvatica.Anethum graveolens.Heliotropium arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil 14.A. 1.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 19.Lucile Teeter Kissack. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. double white peony 5. The number in each planting area is the key number. gray 15. angustifolia 'Munstead'.S.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Aloysia triphylla. white creeping thyme 4.L. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Poterium sanguisorba. green 22. A.Hyssopus officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'.Origanum majorana. heliotrope 3.Satureja hortensis. English thyme signet marigold 11. 24.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. Landscape Architect.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 16. santolina moss rose 7. dill 9. 21.Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 20.Allium schoenoprasum. 23. English'.Salvia officinalis. blue hyssop 13. 17. dwarf edging box 8. chive lemon verbena 6. rosemary yellow viola 10.Ocimum basilicum. lavender 2.
The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . Herbs. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. winter pruned. and a comfortable. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. potted lemon verbena. too. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. the fence with roses. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. and the grape arbor. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The grape vines.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
marsh climbing rose. Nepeta mussinii.Connecticut Vera Breed. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Galium odoratum. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. BED II germander BED IV 2.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Iris cristata. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Valeriana officinalis. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Teucrium chamaedrys. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. conical yew rosemary 1. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. three. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. 3. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Aloysia triphylla. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. lemon Linum perenne. Stachys byzantina. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. sweet climbing rose. Althaea officinalis. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. purple variegated garden sage 4.
blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. catmint 5. lemon thyme 9. Sempervivum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Delphinium × belladonna. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. fairy rose Giant'. Rosmarinus officinalis. Thymus. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. beach Marrubium vulgare. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. lemon Anemone hybrida. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. tuberosa 6. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. angustifolia 'Munstead'. houseleek in variety 7. plume Baptisia australis. lavender 10. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Chamaemelum nobile. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. creeping thyme in variety 8.
A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. if desired. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. its detail is shown below. silver. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Another angle could be tried with these. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. grew too large. holly. tend to broaden the width of the garden. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. myrtle. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . blue green. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Either it flourished too well. Herbs. magnolia. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Ivy. planted in bands across these beds. and bright green in the herb beds. Later.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
English ivy burnet 10.Mentha suaveolens. bee balm30. thyme 38. lemon 46. salad 43. lime geranium 4. silver-king artemisia 23. lovage 48. 'Minimum'.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus × citriodorus.Ilex opaca. white creeping thyme 41.Rosmarinus officinalis. bush basil albula. horehound germander 17.Thymus praecox subsp. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Levisticum officinale. French thyme 39. myrtle 47. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. Ruta graveolens. 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Poterium sanguisorba.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. English'. Borago officinalis. dwarf edging box 11.Thymus herba-barona. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Rumex scutatus. 33. gray santolina 15. 25. purple garden sage 7. purple basil savory 35.Myrica pensylvanica.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Laurus nobilis. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. spearmint 42. sweet woodruff 36.Thymus doerfleri. 1.19. tansy 45. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Vinca minor. rue 20.Artemisia abrotanum. French 27.Hedera helix. woolly thyme 8.Lavandula angustifolia. caraway thyme 40.Pelargonium fragrans.Magnolia grandiflora. thyme 37. bay rosemary 12. 6.Pelargonium × nervosum.Thymus praecox subsp. bayberry balm thyme 13.Monarda didyma. lamb's. borage 26.Galium odoratum. 44.Origanum majorana. Ocimum basilicum 24.Buxus sempervirens 14. lemon 29. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. sweet 34.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus carnosus.Mentha spicata. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. dwarf 21. Ocimum basilicum 22. box chamaecyparissus. ears rose geranium 3. Tropaeolum minus. English thyme chamomile 2. winter 'Purpurascens'. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Melissa officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'. Stachys byzantina. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Satureja montana. American holly 31. 49.Marrubium vulgare.
The use of flagstone. too. There is variety in the walks. too. and treessome of which are espaliered. brick. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. adding to the space for walking. The four potted bay. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. < previous page page_64 next page > . Laurus nobilis. maypoles. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. potted shrubs. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. standards. It is a large garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. It is located for the best viewing.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. accent this prime focal point even more. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme.
quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. apple English thyme up geranium 3.P. lemon 29.Chenopodium botrys. Satureja montana.Viola tricolor. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.P.quercifolium. 1.odoratissimum. wild 28. Johnny-jump.Nigella damascena.53.P.acerifolium. love-in.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 25. Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . winter 27. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. 49. fragrans.50. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. musty oakscented geranium 5. 26.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.P.Calendula officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.P. pot 52. 51.
radens 'Dr.Tanacetum vulgare var.Viola odorata.P.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma. Rosmarinus officinalis. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Malus angustifolia.6.P. tomentosum. rose geranium66.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. cherry tomato chive 17.P. bee balm 63. sweet 37. 57. denticulatum 11.Levisticum officinale.Origanum dictamnus. lemon geranium 33.Marrubium vulgare.Poncirus trifoliata. camphor-scented geranium 69. fern-leaf 60. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Mentha.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia caerulea. 41.Allium senescens var.P. French tarragon Rose'. rosemary 9.× nervosum. pine crispum. blue hyssop 10.P. wild thyme 31. horehound 46.Lavandula angustifolia.Laurus nobilis. garden sage 54. lemon 47. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Mentha pulegium.Fragaria vesca.Petroselinum crispum.Forsythia. pheasant's. bronze 38.Achilleafilipendula. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Myrtus communis. dill 36. 64.Origanum majorana.Artemisia abrotanum. 61. lemon-rose geranium 22. bay 20.72. crispum 'Minor'. lemon geranium 56. classic 21.Acorus calamus. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Foeniculum vulgare. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. forsythia 'Albus'. lime geranium 55. Chamaemelum nobile. fern-leaf 'Nana'. salad 42. white creeping thyme geranium 68. strawberry 48. 58.P.Thymus praecox subsp. orange geranium 23.P. Hyssopus officinalis. 71. peppermint 67. glutinosum. arcticus43. parsley 35. denticulatum.P. white sweet yarrow violet 13. crowfoot 70.P.Malus. crispum. graveolens. box 19.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla.Livingston'. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. golden lemon thyme 7.P.Pelargonium crispum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Melissa officinalis. lettuce 39. chamomile 8.P.Anethum graveolens. sweet flag 16. 44. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.P. English lavender 32. lemon balm 45. lettuce 40. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.P.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. 62. lemon 65. radens.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Thymus serpyllum.
Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. too. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. This is a large garden by any standard. In keeping with this feeling. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. < previous page page_66 next page > . green santolina. and Allium karataviense.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Satureja montana.Foeniculum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 18.Thymus praecox subsp. Mentha suaveolens.Liriope muscari.Allium sativa. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Baker. apple mint 13. arcticus. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Salvia officinalis. fringed 7. lemon 11. chive 4. 8.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. Santolina virens. dwarf garden 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium moly. blue hyssop 16. Artemisia dracunculus var. big blue lilyturf 12. 15.Florence B. wormwood fennel 2. 1. gray 10. green santolina 14. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. winter savory 9.Allium christophii.Artemisia frigida.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon schoenoprasum.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the upper deck. Many herb gardens could provide this. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. for the box after new spring growth. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. the square. < previous page page_70 next page > . and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the circle. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. and the front porch of the house.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
dwarf myrtle 6.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. lemon 8.Cedrus deodara. dwarf edging box 7.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. chamomile 2. winter savory 4. 1. viola 3.Chamaemelum nobile.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Cupressus sempervirens.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. Italian cypress 9. lavender 5.Satureja montana. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .
< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. as it was with this plan.. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Coin with Tudor rose design. Paths are gravel. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Roses. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. from Peter Coats. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
salad burnet 10. 25. classic myrtle 18.Crocus sativus. 22.Poterium sanguisorba. chamomile 4.Iris pseudacorus. Chamaemelum nobile. Foeniculum vulgare.Mentha × piperita. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. rosemary 16. saffron lily crocus 12.Myrtus communis.Fragaria vesca. fennel 21. winter 32. mallow 13. spearmint 30.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha spicata. oxlip 17. wild thyme 5. yellow flag 26.Petroselinum crispum. rue 33. parsley 29.Lilium candidum.Buxus sempervirens. lettuce 28. 19. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. sweet violet 6. Thymus serpyllum. absinthe peppermint 8. 1. 34.Aconitum napellus.The number in each planting area is the key number. English daisy 36. English pasqueflower primrose 14. Malva sylvestris. caraway 35.Viola tricolor.Bellis perennis. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. monkshood27. earth 24.Primula elatior. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Carum carvi.Ruta graveolens.Fumaria officinalis.Lactuca sativa.Primula vulgaris. Madonna 23. Hyssopus officinalis. sweet marjoram 3.Satureja montana. Origanum majorana. blue hyssop 2.Lavandula angustifolia. pot marigold 15.Melissa officinalis.Viola odorata.Calendula officinalis.Crithmum maritimum. clove20. Dianthus caryophyllus. Eryngium maritimum. lemon balm 31.Anemone pulsatilla.
spurred. silver mound. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. However. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. along with a measure of fragrance. white blooms and woolly. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. its tufted. but Always Love. plumed. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. most of the blooms are nightscented. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. white." Concrete blocks. Selected for this reason.
Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Galanthus nivalis. white . petunia 30. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.19.Galium odoratum. horehound 2. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Albus'.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. 1. silver 16. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Dictamnus albus.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. silver mound artemisia 3. Stachys byzantina. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white 32. sweet 31. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. pink 15. 17. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's.Marrubiam vulgare.Lilium candidum. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.
Ipomoea alba. lavender 12. western mugwort 7.Artemisia ludoviciana.Salvia sclarea. rose 41. white 27. white 22.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. Artemisia lactiflora. daffodil 35.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. 25.Polianthes tuberosa.Artemisia stellerana. rose 40. Artemisia absinthium. white stock absinthe 10. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Iris × germanica var.Hesperis matronalis. beach mugwort wormwood 9. clary 24.6. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. sweet violet 20.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. Yucca filamentosa. tulip 37. dame's honesty rocket 14. 23. moonflower 39.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.21. orris 8. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. 26.Malus 'Guiding Star'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . albula.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Matthiola incana. Viola odorata.Rosa 'Cinderella'. Adam's. tulip 38.Lunaria annua.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. tuberose 36.Convallaria majalis. 28. needle florentina.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Artemisia ludoviciana var. lily-ofthe-valley 11.
Many of these herbs lack the hues. related to an old mill reconstruction. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Rather. < previous page page_76 next page > . The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. textures. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. required their use as an educational adjunct. too. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. This herb garden. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important.
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Agave fourcroydes.Prunus persica.Rumex acetosa. dyer's broom safflower 6. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Filipendula ulmaria.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Convallaria majalis. Agave sisalana. fuller's 30.Galium verum.Coptis trifolia.Anthemis tinctoria.Polygonum hydropiperoides. 1. golden 40.Rubia tinctorum.Solidago species. broad 42.Rudbeckia hirta.Isatis tinctoria. onion China jute 4.Pteridium aquilinum. 53. St.Genista tinctoria.38. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.. goldthread 41. blueberry 13.Urtica dioica.Chelidonium majus.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Agrimonia eupatoria. sisal 27. 37. 26. 20.Viburnum acerifolium.Anchusa officinalis. Musa textilis. Abutilon theophrasti.Rumex obtusifolius. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Dipsacus sativus. Sansevieria trifasciata. 28. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Coreopsis tinctoria. Linum usitatissimum.Crocus sativus. 23.Hydrastis canadensis. madder 54. African 45. sweet 49. Gossypium hirsutum. lily.Mahonia aquifolium. black-eyed 50.Carthamus tinctorius. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Parmelia conspersa.Rhus typhina. French 33. bee 36.51. 48. garden 56. yellow 55. peach bracken sorrel 19.Ligustrum vulgare.Monarda didyma. stinging nettle44.Tagetes patula. 32. weld 57. 43. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Genista germanica.Tagetes erecta. privet marigold 15. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Sanguinaria canadensis. 39.Furcraea hexapetala. flax 21. ramie 24. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 35. Boehmeria nivea. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Berberis vulgaris. dyer's 31. Scotch broom hemp 7. 47.Phytolacca americana.Cotinus coggygria.46. sumac poke 17. Manila 25. 22.Galium odoratum. queen. 34.Indigofera tinctoria.Cladrastis lutea.Hypericum perforatum. henequen marigold bearberry 8. Hibiscus cannabinus.Reseda luteola.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. woad Susan laevifolium. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Allium cepa. alkanet 52.Cytisus scoparius.Morus rubra or alba. 29.
< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. < previous page page_78 next page > . balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. as well as the roses. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. A totally appealing edging. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Elsewhere.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
'Marie Pavic' 8. 23. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . rambler 19. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Mme. 'White Rose of York' 3. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. Legras de St.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 22. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'American Pillar'. 'Belle Amour' 6. rambler 20. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 25. cl. 'Empress Josephine' 7. cl. 'Mignonette' 5. 18. cl. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 24. 'Seven Sisters'. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Sombreuil'. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. cl. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 1. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Cecile Brunner' 10.
Circles and angles provide interest. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. The notch of four square feet. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. < previous page page_80 next page > . but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
32. C. dulce 50. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. crispum 'Banquet'. 40. celery I 31.A. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. Capsicum annuum var.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.B. annuum 'Golden Bell'.Cichorium intybus.A. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. leek 5. Beauty'.C. annuum 'Variegata'.A. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. cepa Proliferum Group.A. red 38. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. eggplant 43. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. oleracea 'Green Parade'. annuum 'Red Boy'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.C.A. lycopersicum var. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. kohlrabi Rock'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. scorodoprasum. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. curly eggplant parsley 23. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.B.B. pear Purple Vienna'. 25. melongena 1. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. red 37. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. 39.esculentum 'Long Black'. chive 42.S. giant garlic var. 22. graveolens var. 48. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.C. annuum 'Fips'. graveolens var. C.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.Solanum melongena var. C.B.C. 24. red-flowered kale 6. 26.Apium graveolens var. cherry tomato 34.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. Petroselinum crispum var. shallot Lakes'.annuum 'Floral Gem'.B.B. celery Bed 9. schoenoprasum.C.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.L. graveolens 'French Dinant'.A. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.B. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. C. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.L.A. C. 30. annuum 'Black Prince'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. 45.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.B. C. 28.B. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. white-flowered kale 49.S.sativa 'Ruby'. annuum 'Mosaic'. ruby swiss chard var. oleracea 'Prima'. C. dulce 'Utah 5270'. 29. annuum 'Pinocchio'.B.C. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. annuum 'Nosegay'. Boerner. dulce 47.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.A.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.A. tuberosum.B. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. garlic chive 44. celery Group. graveolens var. sprouts celery 8. melongena 2. 27.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. annuum 'Teno'.
arcs. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. for each is a complete entity. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. All of the circles.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. winter savory. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . When viewed from the terrace above. and golden thyme.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. grossularioides. × domesticum 6. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. 19.P. Teucrium chamaedrys. rose geranium 27. pungent-scented geranium 25. Santolina chamaecyparissus.P. acerifolium. Satureja montana.Myrica pensylvanica.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. apricot geranium28.Ilex glabra. Livingston'.P. × nervosum 'Torento'.P.' lemon geranium 23. Santolina virens. lime geranium Rose'. A. lemon geranium 22.L. rose-scented geranium 4.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.. green 14. 1. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. scabrum. inkberry geranium 9.P.Melissa R. Assoc. gooseberry geranium 24. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P.P. graveolens. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P.P. 15. 12. peppermint 26. orange geranium 8. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. Marshall. crispum.P. 17.A.P.× nervosum.S. odoratissimum. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. winter 13. maple-leaved 18. P. Landscape Architect.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. germander crowfoot geranium 21. 29. golden 11.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. The number in each planting area is the key number. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. oak-leaved geranium 16. radens 'Dr. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. tomentosum. crispum 'French Lace.
sand. on page 37. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. and growth to the plants of the knot design. For the knot to look its best at all times.Hyssopus officinalis. especially when it is blooming. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. English lavender 2. Maintenance is high for a knot. blue hyssop 3. which is framed with a brick edging. . slower-growing plant material needs to be used. texture. Its interspaces can be mulched. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Lavandula angustifolia. closed knot design. filled with plants that have contrasting color. or marble chips. To ease the care for a more complicated design. was planted using edging box only. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. such as a dwarf edging box. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. For ease of maintenance this same knot design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design.Santolina virens. 1. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel.
Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Coccineus'. gray santolina 3. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box 4.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. green santolina 2.Santolina virens.
but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. praecox subsp.officinalis 'Tricolor'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. rosemary creeping thyme 2.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. which is found more often out in the open. herba-barona. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. 'Munstead'. which are confined to that area. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. caraway thyme 9. The knot material is maintained at six inches.S. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. 1. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.T. Rosmarinus officinalis. fig 4. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. variegated garden sage . white 7. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. arcticus 'Albus'. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.T. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. In another departure from the usual.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. Some maintenance is required for clipping. purple variegated 11. 8. the height of the edging.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Thymus praecox subsp. Teucrium chamaedrys. creeping thymes. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. arcticus 'Coccineus'.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Teucrium canadense. gray santolina 2.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. lavender .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. American germander 3. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.
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Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. germander .Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. setting it off admirably. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.
Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
a device that may discourage roots from intermingling.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. which are also laid on edge. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. again laid on edge. a complement for the colors of the plant material. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. < previous page page_88 next page > . adding another facet to an appealing design. each one a quarter-circle. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. pleasing color. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
tree germander 22. tree artemisia 26. 16. lavender 9.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. 17. lavender 5.Artemisia arborescens. fern-leaf yarrow 27. silver sage 15. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium senescens var. blue sage 13. silver horehound 19. rue 21. 18.Anthemis tinctoria. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium fruticans.Anthemis marschalliana. dwarf gray santolina 20.Salvia argentea. French lavender 3.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Salvia clevelandii. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helichrysum angustifolium.Artemisia frigida.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender 8. golden marguerite 25. curry plant 7. dwarf 12.Marrubium incanum.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Leontopodium alpinum. 1.Santolina neapolitana 10.Lavandula dentata var. candicans.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. angustifolia 'Rosea'. samphire14. woolly yarrow 23.The number in each planting area is the key number. silver thyme 6.Crithmum maritimum. glaucum 11. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . Russian sage 24.Stachys byzantina. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Perovskia atriplicifolia.
a number of which are listed in the bibliography. sweet marjoram. and the savories. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. < previous page page_90 next page > . A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. basil. are without number. Styles of containers. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. As with other plant material. If one is familiar with herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. lady's-mantle. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. which include hanging baskets. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. thyme. oregano. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. The color of the container plays a lesser role. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. Some are rosemary.
< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden.
< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
S. such an outlay would be unwarranted.A. Of course supervision is necessary. < previous page page_95 next page > . If children's interest is not sustained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. However. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. A. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.L. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. LandscapeArchitect.
These are ''old roses. Instead of benches on the patio. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Children in this age group can help with the construction.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. too. they are easily handpicked. < previous page page_96 next page > ." selected for their greater fragrance. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. Just keep a garden design for children simple. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. A sundial can be fun and also educational. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two.
. A. Landscape Architect.A.S.L.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.
The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia sclarea.Chenopodium botrys. borage 15. Nigella damascena. Levisticum officinale. ambrosia 2. neapolitanum. Italian parsley 23. 16. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Artemisia abrotanum. cottage pink 18.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium tuberosum. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Allium sativum var.rocambole 28. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 19. lovage 12. damask rose 32. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. English lavender 4. lily leek 30.Rosa damascena. pot marigold 8.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia camphorata. glaucum 31. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 13. catnip 27. southernwood 5. Petroselinum crispum var. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Nepeta cataria. love-in-a-mist 14.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. dyer's bush basil woad 9. garden sage 24.Tropaeolum minus. alpine strawberry 3.Marrubium vulgare. English lavender 7.Calendula officinalis. 1.Allium moly. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Salvia officinalis. horehound 26. 20. crispum. Dianthus plumarius. Borago officinalis. dwarf 6. clary 25.Origanum majorana.Hedeoma pulegioides.Rosa gallica.Lavandula angustifolia.Anethum graveolens. American 21.Isatis tinctoria. garlic chive 29. ophioscorodon. dill pennyroyal 11. summer savory 22.Allium senescens var.
it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. All are inviting to the touch. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. are a seal and a turtle. The oval. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. < previous page page_98 next page > . The sculptures. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. not noted on the plan. previously used as a skating rink. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent.
F. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.A. .A.R.
lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. cowslip Linaria. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. lousewort Viola canina. Greek Stachys byzantina. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. bee orchid Erigeron. fat-hen Primula veris. winter savory Mentha. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. chive dandelion Allium sativum. coltsfoot Mimulus. dog violet Lemna. borage Tanacetum vulgare. Trifolium pratense. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. Allium schoenoprasum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . garlic Lavandula angustifolia. mint Galium odoratum. fleabane Stellaria. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. Nepeta cataria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile.Hedeoma pulegioides. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. tansy Monarda didyma. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. Foeniculum vulgare. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. duckweed Antennaria. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. marigold Salvia officinalis. mint Tagetes. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. bee balm Satureja montana. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. chamomile Mentha. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. English Tussilago farfara.
Here. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. A number of wooden window frames. developed particularly for study. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Instead. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Its plant list. feverfew. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. < previous page page_101 next page > . and old barn beams another about the same height. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. for an old barn foundation of stone. an exceedingly long one. a mint. Still. are superb for displaying potted herbs. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. it is a most satisfying growing situation. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Their height eases the task of weeding. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. its wooden structure long gone.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
rosemary 82. praecox subsp.S. viper's 65.S. Roman 46. pontica. basil blue hyssop 15. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. majorana.Angelica archangelica. onites.Achillea millefolium. rose costmary campion 23. 55. golden lemon thyme 99.Rosmarinus officinalis. didyma 'Rosea'.Ranunculus ficaria.T 'Argenteus'. lemon thyme 100.P.O. absinthe 51. French tarragon geranium 7. herba-barona. richardii subsp. silver thyme 105.Hypericum perforatum. × citriodorus.Sempervivum tectorum.Nepeta mussinii.T.Marrubium vulgare. rose sativa.O. 1.Calendula officinalis.49. southernwood houseleek 12.T.P. sweet celandine marjoram 28. crimson creeping thyme 96. calamint valerian 24.Thymus praecox subsp.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Viola tricolor.Physalis heterophylla. abrotanum. praecox subsp.A.Teucrium chamaedrys.Acinos alpinus.Alchemilla vulgaris.Echium vulgare.Campanula persicifolia. basilicum 'Minimum'.O. basilicum 56.Galium odoratum. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.T. 42.Agastache cana.Pelargonium crispum.Asarum canadense.T.Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet 41.A. catmint 63.Euphorbia cyparissias. nitidus.Viola odorata. lesser 67.O.P.Digitalis lanata. foxglove cypress spurge 21. 54.Chelidonium majus. golden thyme 98. 62.-John'swort 91. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. celandine madder 79.O. garden sage 84. beach 47. sweet violet 40. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Salvia officinalis. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Agastache foeniculum.M.Calamintha grandiflora. bee balm57. bee balm lovage 20. caraway thyme 103. lemon verbena 106.T. alpine savory 89. St.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crispum. 'Purpurascens'. angelica lemon geranium 5.T. betony 92. 66. white creeping thyme 97. 64. pot marigold 25. sweet 53. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Melissa officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 85. officinalis 'Purpurea'. 60.Genista tinctoria. pallasianus.Veronica serpyllifolia. fern-leaf tansy 95.S.Stachys grandifora 93. skirret 90. 50. yarrow herb Robert 4.Aloysia triphylla. stellerana. 48. creeping veronica . officinalis 'Tricolor'. balm horehound 14. dyer's woodruff broom 3. pink 58.Lavandula angustifolia. graveolens.Monarda didyma. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Campanula rapunculus. 44. apple wormwood geranium 8.T. sweet cicely 94.Poterium sanguisorba. tomentosum. golden marjoram 26.Sium sisarum. variegated garden sage 87.Lychnis coronaria. odorous thyme 104.A.Satureja montana.A. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Myrrhis odorata. purple basil English lavender 18. absinthium.Artemisia dracunculus var. arcticus 'Albus'. marsh mallow 13. woolly thyme 101. rampion 81. rue 83.Althaea officinalis. golden variegated garden sage 86. thyme 102.Ocimum basilicum. 61. officinalis 'Aurea'. camphor. southernwood ground cherry 10. 43. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Ruta graveolens. 45. foxglove 2. odoratissimum.Levisticum officinale. plantain 80. camphorata.A. mosquito plant 19.A.Geranium robertianum. winter savory 88.Pulmonaria officinalis.Stachys officinalis. wormwood germander 9.Hyssopus officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.T. 'Clear Gold'.Rubia tinctorum.Valeriana officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. Grecian 59.Plantago major. lemon 52.
apple mint 69. 71. feverfew cinerariifolium. spearmint 107. tree onion 112. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. wild 116.Symphytum officinale.M. pineapple mint 31.V. moth 113.Sorbaria sorbifolia. evening 77.Myrtus communis.Laurus nobilis. garlic 111. dyer's woad 110. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Chamaemelum nobile. pin cherry 39.Dianthus plumarius 75. 114. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Mentha suaveolens.Chrysanthemum 78. red mint comfrey 33. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Cichorium intybus. 73. chervil 68.M.Anthriscus cerefolium. oxeye daisy mullein 36. chamomile 30.29.Origanum dictamnus.Origanum vulgare. Proliferum Group.M.Oenothera biennis.Lilium candidum. spicata.Helichrysum angustifolium. orange mint 32. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. blattaria. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.M. ostrowskianum 34.cepa. citrata.Veronica officinalis. veronica 108.Chrysanthemum parthenium.A. × piperita var. curry plant mullein 35.Allium sativum. cowslip 72.Primula veris.Lysimachia vulgaris.Atriplex hortensis. chicory 70. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Prunus pensylvanica.Isatis tinctoria. orach115. yucca 109. × gentilis. 76.Chrysanthemum 74.Verbascum thapsus.A.Yucca filamentosa.
where a selection of planters increases the planting area. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. of good proportion for the size of the opening. A wheelshaped bed. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. its outline constructed of brick. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. < previous page page_104 next page > .< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. A statue of St. not just hiding it. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. Francis. but not obvious. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Eriobotrya japonica. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. loquat Cichorium intybus. Sidney Ephedra viridis. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. Cestrum nocturnum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. potato Brassica eruca. labdanum Cistus crispus. Eleocharis dulcis. lion's-ear prismaticum. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. AREA VI japonica. cat Watsonia rosea. menthifolia. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. poet's Solidago californica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. AREA IV Ixia maculata. white Justicia carnea. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Vetiveria zizanioides. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. California poppy Oxalis crassipes.
The exterior brick path. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. emphasizes the circle. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. but also for proper leaf size. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. is a center of interest. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. or potpourri. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. < previous page page_106 next page > . The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. not only for hardiness where needed. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. another a Mary garden. to name a few. One is a garden of legends. scented-leaf geraniums. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. and a third a culinary garden. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. an "old rose" and fragrant.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
20.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Crocus sativus. Chrysanthemum balsamita. dill 11.Alchemilla vulgaris. angelica 2. Angelica archangelica. Linum usitatissimum. Anethum graveolens. chive bedstraw 16. sweet marjoram basil 12. sweet 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. yellow 25.Lamium album. absinthe 4. Hyssopus officinalis. spearmint 22. lady's.Mentha spicata.19. pyrethrum 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Artemisia absinthium. 27. saffron crocus marigold 7.Origanum majorana.Brassica nigra. English ivy rosemary 8. hyssop rose 9. Chamaemelum nobile. black 23. white dead 24. costmary 6. Viola tricolor. chamomile 3.The number in each planting area is the key number. English thyme 13.Ornithogalum umbellatum. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Rosmarinus officinalis.Calendula officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Galium verum.Salvia officinalis.Hedera helix. garden up sage 10.Allium schoenoprasum. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . rue 28.Narcissus mustard 14. Johnny-jump.Ruta graveolens. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pot 26. flax 17. 1. blue 18.
Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. < previous page page_108 next page > . On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path.
< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. spearmint Mentha × piperita. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. rue Malva alcea var. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Cotinus coggygria. Myrrhis odorata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. sweet Myrtus communis. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. perennial flax Galium odoratum. blue Lamium maculatum. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. beach Monarda didyma. Russian 'Prostratus'. clove Marrubium vulgare. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. fastigiata. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. Artemisia absinthium.
too. Appropriately used as accents. and huge. features a closed knot of superior design. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. millstones. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. < previous page page_110 next page > . This is a general rule observed. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. The generous use of edgings. Viewed from the terrace garden. simply on a smaller scale.
L. Routine clipping is required.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. dwarf box .A. that of good proportion. Landscape Architect. green santolina 6. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Teucrium chamaedrys. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. blue hyssop 3.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. lavender 5. germander 2. The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens. angustifolia 'Munstead'. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Hyssopus officinalis. Design plan of herb garden 1. and the mulch.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. cheddar pink 4. of greater size than is commonly found. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. 'Tiny Rubies'. gray santolina 7. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.S. six feet in diameter. A.
Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. honey locust Cornus florida. japonica. plum Prunus maritima. beach plum Corylus avellana. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. goat willow Sassafras albidum. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. shadbush Salix caprea. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. quince Magnolia virginiana. dogwood Pinus nigra. box Calycanthus fioridus. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. box Myrica pensylvanica. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. black haw Prunus americana. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos.
Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. However. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Currently. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. Lavandula. 'Argenteus'. its plant material varied. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. arcticus T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. caraway thyme T. Salvia. praecox subsp. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. praecox subsp. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. 'Annie Hall' T. doerfleri T. Rosmarinus. herba-barona. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. 'Doone Valley' . a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. and a miscellany of others. As a rule. leucotrichus T. silver thyme T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future.
T. ramie . arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. greggii. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. 'Clear Gold'. angustissimus. Mexican bush sage S. golden rosemary R. involucrata. officinalis 'Purpurea'. English lavender L. purple variegated garden sage S. praecox subsp. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. guaranitica. arcticus 'Coccineus'. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. praecox subsp. anise sage S. woolly thyme T. crimson creeping thyme T. angustifolia subsp. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. heterophylla. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. pine-scented rosemary R. blue sage S. leucantha. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Aurea'. golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. angustifolia subsp. golden thyme T. sweet lavender L. angustifolia. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Prostratus'. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia subsp. dentata. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. autumn sage S.
edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
culinary. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Hesperis matronalis. Herniaria glabra. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. to lure bees. family needsmedicinal. to sweeten the air. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. The apple trees. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Sium sisarum. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Primarily. The house. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Smith. constructed of brick made on the property. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. a well beside the house. Cheloneglabra. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Circumstances determined these priorities. Prunella vulgaris. for scrubbing pots. horsetail. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Physostegia virginiana. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Equisetum arvense. rupturewort. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . balmony. used in salads or boiled. obedient plant. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. L. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. which were located between the water supply.
Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. for a few are in use now. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. < previous page page_116 next page > . Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. too. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. Today. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. too. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. while functional. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Rosa banksiae.Lonicera sempervirens. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Prunus angustifolia. bay 7. 1.Wisteria frutescens. trumpet 11.Lagerstroemia indica.Lonicera flava. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. rosemary 2. wisteria 13. yellow 12.Malus angustifolia.Allium sativum.Pinus taeda.Punica granatum. Gardenia jasminoides.Ficus carica. Banksia rose 14. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. garlic 9.Sambucus canadensis. Cape jasmine 10.Laurus nobilis. 15. 16. pomegranate 3. southern laciniata. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . fig 6.Syringa × persica var.Rosmarinus officinalis.
Appropriately. The effect would be quite different without them. Italy. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. too.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. < previous page page_118 next page > . Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Borago officinalis. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Anethum graveolens. 33. 63.Hyssopus officinalis.Chimaphila umbellata.Gaultheria procumbens.Verbascum thapsus.Achillea millefolium.Tanacetum vulgare. bee balm 28. black 29.Artemisia abrotanum.Lindera benzoin.Asarum virginicum. myrtle 53. 38. sweet flag marigold 24.Monarda didyma.Rubus allegheniensis.Rosa laevigata. pot 48.Laurus nobilis.Chamaemelum nobile.Calycanthus fioridus.Digitalis purpurea. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Ocimum basilicum. hyssop sassafras 20. dogwood horehound 18.Melissa officinalis. 43. rue 56. peony 51. dill 39. 1. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Buxus sempervirens. tansy 65. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pinckneya pubens. lovage 35. foxglove 41. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. catnip 34.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Vinca minor. fuller's teasel 67.Galium odoratum. 45. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Lobelia siphilitica. yellow-root 7. 37. clove 36. blue 46. 70. sweet shrub 10.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Symphytum officinale. borage 31. lemon 26.Hypericum perforatum.Marrubium vulgare.Ilex vomitoria. senna woodruff 15.Salvia officinalis. wild ginger69. 60. butterfly 32.Elizabeth Lawrence.Levisticum officinale. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Paeonia officinalis. sweet 64.Lilium candidum.Lonicera sempervirens. fennel 40. sweet 27.Allium schoenoprasum.Calendula officinalis.Mentha × piperita. 55.Lavandula angustifolia.Xanthoriza simplicissima. 66. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 50. peppermint 52.Populus balsamifera.Pulmonaria officinalis.Agrimonia eupatoria. 68.Colchicum autumnale.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. saffron crocus 25.Teucrium chamaedrys. American holly 16. box chamomile 9.Ilex opaca.Dipsacus sativus. white periwinkle spicebush 13. yarrow lungwort 22. basil chive 3. great 47.Cornus florida.Ruta graveolens. 61. blue 44.Monarda punctata. 42.Mentha spicata. garden sage 59. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Nepeta cataria. agrimony 58. horsemint lobelia 23.Crocus sativus. sativa.Mentha pulegium.Foeniculum vulgare. balm autumn crocus 2.Artemisia dracunculus var. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Dianthus caryophyllus. St.Rosmarinus officinalis.Cassia marilandica.Hamamelis virginiana.Sassafras albidum.57. mullein 49. 30.Asclepias tuberosa. spearmint 62. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Armoracia rusticana.Acorus calamus.Punica granatum.Cimicifuga racemosa. 54. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Eupatorium perfoliatum.
for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. < previous page page_120 next page > . Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. of herbs for one loaf of bread. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. This is true for the remedies. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. In any event. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. preventives.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. 1 T. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. and fragrances they developed. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers.
Papaver somniferum. caraway 19. peppermint 18. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . lavender lovage 3.Satureja montana.Cydonia oblonga. 1. black haw 23. absinthe 9. horsemint 20. quince 24.Mentha spicata.Viburnum prunifolium.Artemisia absinthium. pot marigold 2.Ocimum basilicum. English 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. 14. garden sage 8. foxglove 12.Salvia officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia.Digitalis purpurea. sweet basil 13.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Calendula officinalis.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. horehound 15. English thyme rosemary 7. spearmint 17. catnip 16.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis.Carum carvi. opium poppy 5.Levisticum officinale. apothecary's rose 22. blue hyssop 21.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Pyrus communis.Nepeta cataria. winter savory 4. sweet marjoram 6.Mentha × piperita.Marrubium vulgare. tansy 11.Monarda punctata.
centrally located. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. makes it something of a focal point. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. for example the large square bed with circular path. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Shaded by hop vines. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. often it is reconstructed. to study it. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Allowed such freedom of expression. the other 1761. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The beds are used to achieve balance. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. from early Moravian settlements. < previous page page_122 next page > . and bricks raise the beds. Thus it was for this garden. and if the best has not always survived. Some could be used singly. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. The main paths of brick unify the garden. one dated 1759. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden.
.S. Campbell.A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. A.L.
Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hyssopus officinalis. hyssop maypop 42.Hydrangea quercifolia.Rosa gallica. holy thistle 58. redbud 24. corn poppy 79.Ficus.Bellis perennis.Borago officinalis.Humulus lupulus. catnip 70.Ruta graveolens.Rheum rhabarbarum. 52. eglantine Group. 48. absinthe 45. hop southernwood 39. fennel marjoram 28. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. 74.Narcissus poeticus.Chamaemelum nobile.Artemisia abrotanum. cabbage angustifolia.Rosa eglanteria. rue 14. columbine 29. cockscomb 47.Salvia viridis.Celosia cristata. clove 53. polyanthus narcissus 60. horehound 56.Levisticum officinale. feverfew southern magnolia 27. love. garlic lungwort 36.Rubia tinctorum. lovage 9. autumn crocus 34.Stachys officinalis.Lilium candidum.Amaranthus caudatus. 1.Carum carvi.Mentha × piperita.Rosa centifolia.Rosa roxburghii. elecampane 11.Melissa officinalis.Rosa moschata.Cercis canadensis.Narcissus tazetta.Asparagus officinalis.Papaver rhoeas.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pulmonaria officinalis. hollyhock 51. virgin's bower 40. English thyme 2.Rumex acetosa. English 78. madder 16.Cornusflorida.Salvia officinalis. marsh mallow 7.Rosa damascena.The number in each planting area is the key number.Nigella sativa. spearmint 57. garden nasturtium 12. damask coriander rose 19. clary 30.Ocimum basilicum. lavender rose 21. stock 50. blue 63.Tropaeolum majus.Artemisia absinthium. parsley 32.Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. poet's narcissus 61.Petroselinum crispum. red pepper 20.Achillea millefolium.Dianthus caryophyllus.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. 54.Chrysanthemum parthenium. caraway 72. yarrow 4.Armoracia rusticana. tansy 6.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. blessed thistle 8.Rosmarinus officinalis.Silybum marianum.Inula helenium.Alcea rosea. sweet 71.Vitis. sweet 55. Madonna lily 59. mugwort67. borage 5. annual clary 3. French rose 18.Coriandrum sativum.Salvia sclarea.Crocus sativus. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. betony 82.Atriplex hortensis. dwarf nasturtium 13.Clematis virginiana.Foeniculum vulgare. balm chive 37. rosemary49. 81.Tanacetum vulgare.Consolida ambigua.Origanum majorana. Carolina jessamine 38.Nepeta cataria. grape larkspur 41.Tropaeolum minus. asparagus 31.Marrubium vulgare. rhubarb 10.Lagerstroemia indica.Cnicus benedictus.Saponaria officinalis.Althaea officinalis.Allium sativum. basil moss rose 44. chamomile 17. 62.Passiflora incarnata.Symphytum officinale.Mentha spicata.Magnolia grandiflora. comfrey 33. blue 69. 68. sorrel 65. 66. garden sage 15. dill 73.Gelsemium sempervirens. daisy crape myrtle 23.77. orach 76.Scabiosa atropurpurea. saffron peppermint crocus 35. 80. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . lemon 64.Colchicum autumnale.Aquilegia vulgaris. black cumin 46.Matthiola incana.Artemisia vulgaris. chestnut rose 43.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. The next most desirable exposure. This space was never adequate. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. far from the house. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. the western. The lesser the scale. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Although some observations may seem obvious. Thus. Calluna (heather). it is proper to make a trial run. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. A ravine and existing. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Usually this is least desirable. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. and the north point is established. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. even boggy. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. First.
Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. 127 indicates. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. single bed. Indeed. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The general outline is similar. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The outline is fixed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. It was a pleasurable assignment. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. all four sides are so determined. and the search did not take long. certainly not precisely the same. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. 77 provided the needed inspiration. as the drawing on p. and the property line on the last. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. a driveway on still another. The. Then. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. another is close to the rear of the house.ground where drainage is better. < previous page page_126 next page > . but it need not be identical. The new herb garden has been located.
If all is well. as in this case. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. something is amiss. Two drawings were required to work out problems. this low wall will enclose the garden area. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. In addition. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. With the plan established. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. forming the outer boundary of the service path. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. There was no . then north. In fact. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
In this case. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. this was. . pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. however. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. the eight-foot length was more practical. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. and the finished edging would be effective. eight. a lapped joint was fashioned. However. A structural edging was in order. However. the site required some leveling. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. not one completed in a weekend. At corners. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. In the earlier stage of planning. admittedly. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. In this area. Before edgings could be put in place. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
There are no steps within the herb garden itself. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The pattern is running bond. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. A choice of five colors was available. Weeds. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. this same base underlies all the paths. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. This method of treatment now guarantees . This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. leaves. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Unfortunately. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Aged compost. but there are exits to different levels. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Paving for the terraced area is brick. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. filling the beds with soil was next.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. could serve this purpose. The latter need to be more substantially paved. had been proof of that. One is the ramp to the driveway. Heavy black plastic. for they will likely have more traffic. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. selected for its simplicity. sand. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers.
It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. worth the added cost.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. on a trial run of one course of brick. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . However. even bed for the pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.
The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe." their construction can be somewhat varied. and the steps to other levels. for it would interfere with the drainage system. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. Herbs have flourished in the beds. the terraced area. .< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. Sometimes called "rubble drains. In this instance. converging where it was logical to do so. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. French drains. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. With the completion of the paths. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. learned about decades earlier. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. since that path borders the house.
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Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. having a variety of gradations. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. for example. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. a garden plan. E EllipseAn oval. twelfths of an inch. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. is symmetrical. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. often a wall or trellis. in inches. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. and so on. in tenths of an inch. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. and so on. Its arrow points north and. not necessarily referable to botanical species. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. for example. sixteenths of an inch. albula. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. casts the shadow for the hour. hundredths of an inch.
a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine.3. heated especially by fermenting manure. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. G GazeboA freestanding. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. M ManufactoryA factory. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Pea gravelSmall.brick) in the same course. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. turf. GrindstoneMillstone.3). a patterned garden. loose. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. its compartments filled with flowers. a flat. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. rounded fragments of rock. ForthrightA straight course or path. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. Usually a few inches thick. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. or colored earths. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. also called rubble drain. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . roofed structure usually open on the sides. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose.
a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters.
Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. V VarietyA category below species. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. often planted with aromatic herbs. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. walls. Stone. R Rose. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. not treelike or with a single trunk. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. snug fit for walks. cutting. called also a hose cock. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. W Wall. Turf seatBanked-up earth. < previous page page_132 next page > . StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. TreillageLatticework for vines. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. ranking between species and variety. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. or steps. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity.
. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1938. 1976. Crowe. New York: G. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. T. Alice Morse. Room Outside. Terrace. 1977. Jot. British Plants. Charlotte. London: Saturn Press. 1962. 1973. 14701670. Seal. John E. and Accessories. Henry. Bailey Hortorium. Independence. Carpenter. Book of the Geranium. Garden Design. Behme. New York: Hawthorne Books. H. 1957.: Geo. Putnam's Sons. Berrall. How Plants Get Their Names. Daniel J. Helen Morgenthau. 1972. Rosetta E. London: Country Life. Earle. 1951. 1972. John Philip. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Peter. The Garden (An Illustrated History). 1958. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Clarkson. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. 1961. 1982. New York: Viking Press. 1980. London: Marshall Cavendish. New York: Dover. Mo. Baumgardt. Foster. Complements. ed. 1944. Brookes. Aurora. Green Enchantment. 1966. . London: Macmillan. Batsford. 1980. Herbals. Bailey. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. and Garden.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Fox. 1979. Robert Lee. Doran & Co. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. London: Adam and Charles Black. Flannery. . 1911. Erichsen-Brown. New York: Macmillan. P. New York: E. 1951. 1963. Sylvia. L. P. Coats. Sevenoaks. Prof. 1902. Edlin. Staff of. Helen H. New York: Macmillan. Darrah. H. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.: Buckeye Printing Co. Foster. . and Louden. Cross. Hanging Plants for Home. The Small Garden. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. W. Rosemary F. Harriet Ballard. Gertrude B. Margaret E. Herbs and the Earth.. New York: Simon and Schuster. Liberty Hyde. The Cultivated Basils. Toronto. Gertrude B. 1970. Park's Success with Herbs. Garden City: Doubleday. Frances A. 1942. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Brownlow. John. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. New York: Crown Publishers. New York: Viking Press. 1971. New York: Macmillan. Sydney: B. Agnes. L. 1935.C. New York: Macmillan. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1971. Bardswell. 1966. Hortus Third.. Kent: The Herb Farm. Park Seed Co. 1933. New York. Greenwood. Beston. London. Dutton & Co. Herbsfor Every Garden.. Foley. S. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Roses.. The Herb Garden. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Julia S.
New York: E. Lerner.. New York: Harper & Bros. Pa. The Concise Handbook of Roses. and Back. 1974. Roy. chemist. 1911. 1975. Helen K. Claire. Gardens in Winter. P. A.. (1st American edition trans. Frederic. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. The Art of Dyeing. 1971.Garland. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Philippa. Roses of the World in Color. 1972. 1952.: Livingston Pub. The Herb Garden. New York: Macmillan.. New York: Crown Publishers. Adelma G. Dorothy Bovee. New York: Dover. Cherokee Plants. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Johnson. Shaker Herbs. Mrs. Division Billboard Publications. Wynnewood. Dutton & Co. Patrick M. Howard. How to Select. < previous page page_133 next page > . New York: De La Mare. Rev. 1970. Walter. P.. Myron. 1938. Bernard Hickey. 1946. Loyal R. 2d ed.: Herald Publishing Co. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Norma Jean. Jr. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. and Synge. Simmons. Eigel. 1969. Sarah. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Miller. Jones. Moldenke.. Hamel. Leighton. Harold N. Elizabeth. Lathrop. 1982.. Hendrickson. Kiaer. New York: Viking Press. 1981. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. New York: Dover. Potter. Grow and Enjoy. 1951. 1971. Rosengarten. J. Amy Bess. 1973. Mass. Plants of the Bible. N. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Lawrence. and Chiltoskey. Krauss. A Garden of Herbs. Tucson: H. 1976. Ireys. Vicenza. 1964. Loewenfeld. Muenscher. Pozza. 1970. How to Landscape Your Grounds.. Ann. 1979. Paul B. Vegetable Dyeing.: Chronica Botanica Co. Flowers of the Field.. Claire. 1966. New York: William Morrow and Co. Eleanour Sinclair. Horace. 1983.. Grieve. Alma.) Rohde. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Hay. Frances. A Biblical Garden. 1975. New York: Van Nostrand. Loewenfeld. Co. and Brunello. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Landscaping with Vines. Books. New York: Macmillan. 1978. Mary U. 1974. Alice Recknagel. 1959. Brown & Co. London: George Routledge & Sons. 1969. The Book of Spices. New York: Doubleday. Lesch. Herbs. McFarland. Italy. Johns. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Boston. Franco. Carol. Early American Gardens. The Berry Book. George H. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Waltham. . M. Lawrence..C. Neri. 1976. 1961. New York: Clarkson N. Boston. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Sylva. 1981... Toronto: Little. and Alma L. New York: William Morrow & Co. London: Faber and Faber. and Rice. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Robert. C. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: Macmillan. ed. M. Modern Herbal.
and Mrs.L. Martin. Susan W. Benjamin McF. William T. 1972. Virginia B. Jr.A. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Graham. L. Hines.A. Thomas.. Neil Hamill Park. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Mrs. Leonard Dreyfuss. William W. 1966. Wilson. L. 1965. Mrs. Mrs. Bush.D. 1979. Taylor... Mrs. and Bell. Amy Bess Miller. H. The Fragrant Garden. and Robert B.. Toronto: Van Nostrand..R. Helen Van Pelt. Charles Patch. Vt.A. Esther. Helen Noyes.. George T. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.: Garden Way. Frank M. Griffin. L. Barbara Capen. New York. Taloumis. Madalene Hill. William Radler. Keebler. Yang. Linda. John Ormsbee. .S. Henry Gund. L. T. L. James D. L. Webster. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1953. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Mrs. Mr. White. A.. Landscape Architecture.. Melissa R. Mrs. New York: Doubleday. Botanical Latin. Christopher. The Fragrant Year.S. 1942. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Paxton. New York: Dover. Rhoda Specht. Marshall. A. 1979.The Old Shrub Roses. ed. Katherine S.. L. Straus. Charles L. Martin's Press. Mrs. A. Berkeley Brandt. Herbert G.A. 1982. L. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Mrs.. New York: Farrar.A. L. Stuart. Wilder. 1961. L. Singleton. 1976. 1972. William T. New York: Simon & Schuster. Rev.L. Mrs. Norman.. New York: Hafner. Indianapolis. Malcolm. Smith.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Nelva M. A. Shrub Roses of Today. Graham Stuart. Boston: Ralph T.A.. Mrs. London: Phoenix House. Sandy Hicks. Plimpton. .A. Margaret Osborn Holt. C. 1957... Michael. Bleecker.S. Fragrance in the Garden. James C. Diane C. Tarantino. Cozart. Jr. Jr.. 1931. Philip Batchelder. Baker. Thacker. F. Mrs. Mrs.A. Hammond Crawford. Stearn. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. ed. New York: St. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Meyer. A.. Jo Lohmolder.A.. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. William C. 1962. New York: St. Building Stone Walls. Martha Dahlen. W T.A. William Y Dear. Peter M. Lamm.. 1953.A. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Mrs. Z. Pees. Austin R. 1967. Climbing Roses Old and New. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. John. Boerner. L. Louise Beebe. Mrs. Sherry D. New ed. Mrs. Gannaway.A. L. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Toronto: Van Nostrand.A. Mrs.. Mrs.A. Vera Breed. Leonie.A. Mrs. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Ingersoll. . Robert K. Donald Paxton. Jack Emil Geist. Mrs. Associate. Moffit. Alfred L. Hale & Co. John Poinier. Robert G. Elisabeth W. New York: Simon & Schuster. Stearn. W. 1972. Maxton Davies.A. 1975. Mrs. Small Gardens Are More Fun. McGarry. Campbell. Martin's. Zohary.L. Mrs. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape.. Giroux. .. 1979.A. 1976. 1974. London: Phoenix House. Bradner. George. Elizabeth Lawrence. Bates. New York: William Morrow & Co. Weber. The History of Gardens. New York.. Vivian. Revised by Dr. Container Gardening Outdoors. Plants of the Bible. Price. Mrs. Mrs. Winthrop G. Morss. Bynam. Herbs in the Garden. Mrs.A.. Marion E. The Shakespeare Garden. Charlotte. L. Raymond V. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. L.
Gayle.. Wilcox. Architect.. R. Whitman. Mich. Isadore L. Nathan Sameth. Semple. Mrs. Booker Worthen. Little Rock. Hancock.. Plain Dealer Photo. N. G. Smith (Ann Leighton). Ohio. Mansfield. James F. Hancock Shaker Village. Matthew Miksch House. Elbert Smith. James S. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.A. Milwaukee County Park Commission. The following provided historical. Linda Yang. L. Christopher Rady. Roberts. Frederick E. Inc. L. Rose. Mrs. Mrs.. L. Inc. Ann Arbor. Derthick.. Swanson. Faith H.. Eloise andJo Ray. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Shaker Community. Harper.I. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Bailey.A. Linda Yang. Wisc. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Ga. Lansing. Western Reserve Herb Society. Greenland. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Mrs. and Mrs. Mrs. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Jean Ruh.A. < previous page page_134 next page > . civic.Rady. Kingwood Center. The Country Doctor Museum. L. Boerner Botanical Gardens.. John A. Mrs. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Edmund G. Cleveland. Mass. Mrs. Hales Corners. Mr. N.. Winston-Salem. Atlanta. Lawrence Schetky. Milton Stricker.. Helen M. Skinner. Mrs. Ark. Joan E. Mrs.. Old Slater Mill Museum. Milton C. Christopher Spencer. Weeks Brick House.H. L. Atlanta Historical Society. N. Mich... Pawtucket. Talbot III.. Ohio. Joe H.C. Old Salem. Eric Duke Scott.A. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.C. University of Michigan.. Timothy Procter Ruh.. Walter Rebmann. Michigan State University.
Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Narcissus triandrus. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Myrrhis odorata. A. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. A. C. A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. maritima L. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. barbadensis A. E. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. azoricum. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. officinalis. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var.
M. lycopersicum. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. laevis Rhododendron . Lamium album Viburnum. V. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. F. ludoviciana var. P. podagraria Asparagus A. albula A. Solanum aculeatissimum S.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. V. grandiflorus Melissa M. S. Monarda didyma Crataegus. officinalis Populus. officinalis. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. G. melongena var. acerifolium. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. false Galium aristatum. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. P. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Mertensia virginica. coronaria . deltoides Campsis radicans. vulgaris A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. M. B. chrysantha Symphytum S. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. oleracea. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. P. angustifolia. alpina 'Alba' A.
V. B. alpinum R. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. V. N. C. M. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. verna. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. angustifolia. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. macrocarpon. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. Italian D Daffodil M.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. alpinum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . ioensis Vaccinium. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. M. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. pseudonarcissus miniature N. B. maculatum G. sativum R. coronaria.
Ferocactus latispinus. lilioasphodelus. triphyllum . lilioasphodelus H. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. C. frutescens C. T officinale Bellis. A. Hosta H. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. R. rivieri.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. obtusifolius R. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Chrysanthemum frutescens. H. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. obtusifolius Rumex R. Sansevieria. A. acetosa. x superbum Hemerocallis. crispus. D. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C.
canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Senecio cineraria. Antennaria. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Gnaphalium. N. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . N. Centaurea cineraria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. C. pungens Sambucus S. S. arvensis. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. damascena. azoricum Nigella. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. ragusina. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. gymnocarpa. Lychnis coronaria. Helichrysum. N. C.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
I.× germanica I. I. O. regalis Adiantum. carica Corylus C. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. P. Osmunda. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. A. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. perenne . joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. versicolor.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. L. carica F. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. usitatissimum L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.
ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lutea Allium sativum A. sativum var. P. Pelargonium. tuberosum A. Fumaria C. scorodoprasum A. quercifolium P. lanata D. × germanica Myosotis M. × limoneum P. purpurea D. × hortorum P. odoratissimum P. grossularioides P radens P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. I. sphaerocephalum A. sylvatica Digitalis D.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. neapolitanum A.
virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. tomentosum P. denticulatum P. crispum P. Tragopogon. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. capitatum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. chamaedrys T. quercifolium P. A. pratensis . fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. Z. T. × citrosum P. × nervosum P. × jatrophifolium P. officinale Z. P. canadense T. graveolens P. tomentosum P. A. canadense. glutinosum. T.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. abrotanifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P.
Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Oxalis deppei. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. V. nervosa V. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. torquata E. C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Vitis monticola. M. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium.
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Pulmonaria . L. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. W.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Ophiopogon L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Lythrum. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. triacanthos G. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sempervivum Lobelia L. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. C. G. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. majalis Liriope.
Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. pedatum Hibiscus. erecta T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. patula Calendula officinalis T. M. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. grandiflora M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. A. Malva. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. tenuifolia T. C. Malva. erecta T.blue M Mace. M. lucida . theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. erecta T. alcea var.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. citrata. majorana O. suaveolens M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. onites O. S. R.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata M. requienii M. dictamnus O. aquatica var. × piperita var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. × piperita var. Spiraea alba. suaveolens 'Variegata' . A. citrata M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. majorana O. citrata M. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. crispii M. vulgare O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Astrantia. major. vulgare O. odorata Achillea millefolium. piperita var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M.
Myrtus. M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M. Azolla caroliniana. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. thapsus V.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. communis. olympicum. vulgaris A. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. V. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. × gentilis M. rubra M. Umbellularia californica. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . A. Myrrhis odorata. V. alba Verbascum. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia.
opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album L.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. poeticus N. V. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. majus T. L. tazetta Tropaeolum T. P. nudum. V. minus T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.
Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. fistulosum A. florentina. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. C. I. O. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. S. A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Castilleja californica. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . A. hortensis A. Proliferum Group A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. fistulosum Atriplex. cepa. fragrans O. fragrans Allium. cepa. Scilla verna. telephium Iris × germanica var. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. vulgare var. cepa A.
water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. P. P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. crispum var. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. neopolitanum Pastinaca. A. A. crispum P. patens. pulsatilla Passiflora P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. lactiflora P lactiflora P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' .
Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. annuum. retroflexus. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. Longum Group C. C. C. album Ranunculus ficaria . frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. paniculata P. A. annuum. annuum. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. C. annuum. C. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Longum Group cone green C. Piper C. P frutescens Catharanthus. C. annuum. roseus C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Chenopodium. Conoides Group Capsicum. Longum Group Capsicum. Marsilea Perilla. frutescens C. Grossum Group C. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum.
M. C. × paradisiaca. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. americana . Prunus japonica. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Plantago P. watsonii P maritima P. gratianopolitanus D. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. taeda Chimaphila.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. nigra P strobus P taeda P. Silene laciniata. plumarius D. alpinus D. caryophyllus D. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. umbellata var. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. P salicina P angustifolia. umbellata var. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. plumarius. officinalis Dianthus D. taeda P. angustifolia var. P. C. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica.
balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. Liriodendron tulipifera P. rhoeas P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgare Lithospermum. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. 0. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. P. biennis P. S. balsamifera P. L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. E. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .
R. C. P. pepo Portulaca.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pepo C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. coccineum C. sativum var. Hesperis . A. rhabarbarum R. Diplotaxis. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis C.
gallica R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. laevigata R. moschata . R. × borboniana Kerria.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. damascena 'Bifera' R. banksiae R. canina R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. spinosissima R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. Rubus coronarius R. damascena R. × borboniana R. chinensis 'Minima' R. Rosa chinensis R. × harisonii R. centifolia R. canina. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. sativa Rosa R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gallica 'Officinalis' R. × borboniana R.
chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. R. Rosmarinus. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis S. guaranitica S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. angustissimus R. × rehderana R. setigera R. pitcheri S. caerula. rugosa R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. azurea subsp. Salvia hierosolymitana . officinalis Limonium R. greggii S. microphylla S. clevelandii S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. sclarea S. S.
involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. virens. chamaecyparissus S. T. Salicornia. C. S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. A. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. viridis S. guaranitica S. P. maritimum E. neapolitana S. marilandica Amelanchier . hebecarpa. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. elegans S. leucophylla S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. leucantha S. S. montana Scabiosa S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C.
A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.
Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. americana. P. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria Cotinus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. C. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. nivalis Lamium album. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. V. G. biflorum . C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P. coggygria C.
sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. patulum. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. japonica Sorbaria. H. O. L. O. Ornithogalum arabicum. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. pyrenaicum. E. acetosa.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. crassipes O. scutatus R. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. V. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. R. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. S. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. officinalis thyme-leaved V. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M.
pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. perennis. vulgare var. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. vesca F.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. T vulgare T. C. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. crispum T. floridus Philadelphus . sativa Amaranthus caudatus. vulgare var. O. O. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. dracunculus var. vesca F. incana M. M. chiloensis F. incana M.
phaenopyrum C. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. praecox subsp. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. marianum S. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. arcticus T. × citriodorus T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . 'Broad-leaf English' T. C. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. 'Argenteus' T. Silybum marianum S. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. A. 'Clear Gold' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. T. marianum S. benedictus. maritima Thymus. sylvestris D. pallasianus T. E. laevigata Eupatorium. praecox T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T.
L. lycopersicum var. Coreopsis Linaria. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. P. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . sanctum Tulipa T. peruviana P. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. I. lycopersicum var. sanctum O. noli-tangere. lycopersicum L. cerasiforme. P. C. radicans Bignonia capreolata. praecox subsp. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Physalis peruviana L. alata Lycopersicon. pruinosa.
Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. P. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. canina. caprea . Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' V. cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. odorata V. C. longifolia Chamaelaucium. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Chimaphila. caeruleum Clematis. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. officinalis Polemonium. V riviniana Viola odorata V. C.
frigida A. Gaultheria procumbens. ambrosioides Artemisia. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. pontica. V.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Vanilla barbellata A. camphorata A. absinthium A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. gmelinii A. S. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. verticillata Chimaphila. nudum Isatis I. W. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. I. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Stachys . Corydalis sempervirens A. annua A. caprea.
C. millefolium A. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. taygetea A. ageratum A. vomitoria I. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. simplicissima Cladrastis. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. × media 'Hicksii' T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . filipendulina A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. X. tomentosa Ilex cassine. I.
sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . monkshood helmut flower. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. thousand-seal. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. maidenhair American maidenhair. butter-print. h. longifolia Achillea A. maidenhair fern. cana A. yarrow sneezeweed. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. calamus Adiantum A. calamus maidenhair fern. h. lion's tail anise hyssop.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. Indian mallow. Indian mallow China jute. nose-bleed. taygetea A. napellus Acorus A. five-finger f.. fourcroydes sweet flag. ageratum A. breviflora A.. fragrant g. millefolium A.. foeniculum Agave A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. pedatum Agastache A. blue giant hyssop. fennel g. parlor m. sanguinary. theophrasti Acacia A. monkshood flowering maple. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. alpinus Aconitum A.
neapolitanum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. sativum var. karataviense A. lily leek daffodil garlic. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. scorodoprasum A. ciboule. Rosenbachianum A. Japanese bunching o. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. garlic rocambole. cocklebur. ostrowskianum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . senescens var. flowering o. sativum A. schoenoprasum A. alpina A. moly A. serpent garlic chive. vulgaris Allium A. reptans Alcea A.. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. cive. christophii A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A.. Pulchellum A..A. tree o. githago Ajuga A. giganteum A. purple c. flavum A. sisal hemp. fistulosum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. ophioscorodon A. Spanish o. rosea Alchemilla A. hemp plant agrimony. two-bladed o. stars-of-Persia Welsh o..
officinarum Anchusa A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. blanda A. canadensis Amsonia A. marschalliana A. officinalis Anemone A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. archangel. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. bugloss alkanet. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. cerefolium chervil angelica. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. Barbados a. officinalis Amaranthus A. hupehensis var. Oriental garlic .glaucum A. white m. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. sphaerocephalum A. garlic c. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. japonica A. Curasao a. shad. triphylla Althaea A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. tuberosum Aloe A. bugloss windflower.. pulsatilla Anethum A.. shadbush. caudatus Amelanchier A. juneberry. medicinal a. barbadensis Aloysia A..
chrysantha A. European crowfoot bearberry. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens var. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A.Apium A.
absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. annua A. rusticana Artemisia A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. sativa A. canadense A. mealberry. asarabacca wild ginger. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. lactiflora A. pontica A. wormwood southernwood. maritima Armoracia A. sea pink thrift. mugwort. virginicum bearberry. creashak green-dragon. Ludoviciana var. old man southernwood absinthe. arborescens A. triphyllum A. camphorata A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . dracunculus var. uva-yrsi Arisaema A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. frigida A. albula A. mountain box. gmelinii A. triphyllum subsp. pink or white horseradish. dracontium A. red cole sagebrush. hog cranberry. bear's grape. europaeum A. kinnikinick. stewardsonii Armeria A. sandberry.
daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. yellow r. ruby s. tuberosa Asparagus A. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. talewort. mountain spinach false indigo. tuberroot.Asclepias A. papyrifera Boehmeria B. c. rattleweed winter cress. hortensis B Baptista B. wild blue i. ruby s.. jaundice berry. upland cress winter cress.. rocket. vulgaris. halimus A. silkweed. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. cool-tankard cole. piprage beet swiss chard. tinctoria Barbarea B. orach sea orach. s. c. australis B. China grass borage borage. plains f. pleurisy root. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. mustard . c. butterfly flower butterfly weed. Chinese silk plant. officinalis Astrantia A. s. B. saltbush orach. garden o. i. wild indigo blue false indigo. c. major Atriplex A. perennis Berberis B. vulgaris Bellis B. nivea Borago B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. wild indigo.
white-flowered k. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. strawberry s. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. carpatica C.. microphylla var. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . grandiflora Calendula C. microphylla 'Nana' B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. koreana B.B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. pineapple s. officinalis Calycanthus C. sempervirens B. floridus Campanula C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.. eruca B.
p. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. o. p. p. p. s. persicifolia C. o. p. green p. p. p. o.. rapunculus Campsis C.. p. chili p. cow-itch. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . sweet pepper. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. bell p. trumpet vine.. p. C. red p. green p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. s. o.. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper.C. o. s. pimento sweet pepper s. p. trumpet flower. o. p.
safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. deodara Celosia C. capsicum p.. Russian c.. marilandica Catharanthus C. shellbark h. tinctorius Carum C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. carvi Carya C... bastard s. majus Chelone cayenne p. ovata Cassia C. Madagascar periwinkle.. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. celandine celandine turtlehead. Tabasco p. illinoinensis C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. nobile Chelidonium C. garden c. snakehead . red p.. senna. frutescens Carthamus C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. cristata Cercis C. chili p. false saffron. Tabasco-sauce p. canariensis Cedrus C.
Chinese dwarf 1. fat hen ambrosia. virgilia virgin's bower.. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. coccineum C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. Robert Brydon' C. umbellata Chionanthus C. glabra Chenopodium C. crispus C. lutea Clematis C.. intybus Cimicifuga C. botrys Chimaphila C... wax flower. ladanifer Citrus C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. cinerariifolium C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. feather geranium. balsamita C. American w. parthenium C. Meyer 1. old-man's-beard costmary. pigweed Mexican tea. racemosa Cistus C. bonus-henricus C. leather flower. frutescens C. pyrethum. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. ambrosioides C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. × superbum Cichorium C.C. dwarf 1. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. leucanthemum C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. virgin's bower. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. wormseed. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. leather flower. devil's-darning- . vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. alecost pyrethrum. mint geranium. barbe-de-capuchin. Spanish t. rattletop black cohosh. Dalmatia p. wintergreen.
laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. thorn apple.needle Cnicus C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. smokebush. benedictus Coix C. florida Corylus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. smokebush smoke tree. trifolia Coreopsis C. autumnale Comptonia C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. cneorum Coptis C. majalis Convolvulus C. red haw hawthorn English h. peregrina Consolida C. arkansana C. apiculatus Crataegus C. smoke plant. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. laevigata C. orientalis Convallaria C.. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . ambigua C. thorn. sativum Cornus C. quick-set. tinctoria Coriandrum C. avellana Cotinus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. Venetian sumac.
phaenopyrum Crithmum C. speciosus 'Albus' C.C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. citratus Cytisus C. West Indian 1. oblonga Cymbopogon C. × allwoodii D. sieberi C. sempervirens Cydonia C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.. scoparius C. gracilis Dianthus D. kotschyanus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sativus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. speciosus C.. maritimum Crocus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . angustifolius C.
× imbricata Echium clove pink. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. grandiflora D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. sylvestris Doronicum D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. gas plant. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. carnation. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. lanata D. burning bush. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. sativus D. spectabilis Dictamnus D.
S. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. epimedium barrenwort. gum tree. ironbark. vulgare Elaeagnus E. pungens Eleocharis E. Australian gum. arvense E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. Japanese medlar.E. blueweed. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. perfoliatum E. b. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. poppy eucalypt. sea holm. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. hyemale Eranthis E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. californica Eucalyptus E. plum eryngo sea holly. viridis Epimedium E. J. torquata Euonymus E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot .. japonica Eryngium E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. dulcis Endymion E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. rugosum v. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. jacinth. sea eryngo California poppy C.
carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. chiloensis F. cyparissias F Ferula F. imperialis Fumaria F. alpine s. vulgare subsp. major Fragaria F. a. finocchio. a. vulgare F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . ulmaria F. a. vulgare var.s. vulgare F. assafoetida Ficus F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig.Euphorbia E.s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. sow-teat s.
dyer's greenweed. wild c. verum Gardenia G. odoratum G. tinctoria Geranium G. mountain tea. vernalis H. mollugo G. teaberry. red Robin . woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. Capejasmine wintergreen. woodroof yellow bedstraw. cleavers white bedstraw. spotted c. our-lady's-b. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. pulegioides American pennyroyal. false baby's-breath woodruff. sempervirens evening trumpet flower.. Carolina jessamine Genista G.. mock p.. virginiana Hedeoma H. alumroot herb Robert. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. triacanthos Gossypium G. gardenia. nivalis Galium G. robertianum Glechoma G. honey locust.. sweet w. hederacea Gleditsia G. ground ivy. maculatum G.F. checkerberry. Carolina jasmine G. woodwaxen. runaway robin.. Carolina yellow j. field balm. germanica G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. jasminoides Gaultheria G.
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Hawaiian h. blacking plant plantain lily. foetidus H.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. mallow. glabra Hesperis H.. Indian hemp. Deckaner h. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. bimli j.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. arborescens Helleborus H. lividus subsp. turnsole heliotrope. × luteola Herniaria H.. Chinese hibiscus. atrorubens H. niger H. licorice plant heliotrope. lemon d. petiolatum Heliotropium H. angustifolium H. giant m. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. daylily . Deccan h... lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. garland 1. bastard jute. rose m. rose-of-China. corsicus H. matronalis Hibiscus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. cannabinus H.. China rose. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. orientalis Hemerocallis H. curry plant false licorice.. sweet r. bimlipatum j. flavescens Helenium H. lilioasphodelus H. hibiscus kenaf.
canadensis Hydrocotyle H. European h. Burford's holly Japanese holly. orangeroot. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. perforatum Hyssopus H. crenata var. navelwort gotu kola St. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. white h. asiatica Hypericum H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. lupulus Hydrangea H. box-leaved h. . rose h.H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.. horned h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. box-leaved h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. patulum 'Sungold' H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly.-John's-wort St.-John's-wort St.
officinale Juniperus J. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily.. 'Great Lakes' I. tinctoria Ixia I. jewelweed.. glabra I. crested i. water f. florentina I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. woad dyer's woad. chinensis var. × germanica var. maculata J Jasminum J. crested dwarf i.. horizontalis creeping j. helenium Ipomoea I. wilsonii Impatiens I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. vomitoria 'Nana' I. spotted t. pseudacorus Isatis I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. cristata I. opaca I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . capensis Indigofera I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. alba Iris I. J. snapweed. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. yellow flag. tinctoria Inula I. African corn lily corn lily orris. touch-me-not jewelweed.I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. virginiana red cedar jasmine.
white d. brandegeana shrimp plant J. indica Lamium L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. bay.. d. angustifolia subsp. n. carnea Brazilian-plume. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. dentata var. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.Justicia water willow J.. angustifolia L. n. maculatum L. flamingo p. plume flower. album L.. paradise p. dumb nettle. sweet bay laurel. plume plant. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . dentata L.. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. nobilis Lavandula L.
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. lovage privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. statice statice toadflax spicebush. benzoin Linum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. perenne L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. candidum L. officinale Ligustrum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. summer s.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. usitatissimum Liriope L. aestivum Levisticum L. marsh rosemary. pepperwort. hedge plant privet. sativum Leucojum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. chalcedonicum Limonium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. blue cardinal flower . muscari Lobelia L.
coronaria 'Alba' L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L.L. vulgaris Lythrum L. coronaria L. satin flower honesty. penny f. stellata M. flava L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. lycopersicum var. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. silver-dollar. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. lycopersicum var. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. gypsywort. virginiana sweet alyssum. money plant. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. campion. catchfly mullein pink. grandiflora M. maritima L. annua Lychnis L. coral h. europaeus Lysimachia L. cordata Magnolia M. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy.. moonwort. honesty. sempervirens Lunaria L.
pineapple m.. apple m. horsemint peppermint orange mint. Virginia b.. American crab. bergamot m. mountain g. lemon m.. incanum M. Oregon g. holly barberry. curly m. gillyflower. requienii M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. 'Guiding Star' M. Virginia c. × piperita M. angustifolia M.. Scotch m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. white h. incana Melissa M. menthella. holly g. bluebells. bee b. lungwort bluebells... spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. holly mahonia. horsemint . stock stock. b. Brampton stock. × piperita var. sweet b. blue barberry apple. officinalis Mentha M. × gentilis M.. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. pulegium M. cowslip. hupehensis Malva M. aquatica M.. musk m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. citrata M. longifolia M. fastigiata Marrubium M.Mahonia M. imperial stock balm lemon b. pennyroyal Corsican m.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. vulgare Matthiola M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. alcea var.
white bee balm pink b. textilis Myosotis M. red m. Greek myrtle. white b. anise. Swedish m. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. American m. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . pink b. winter purslane. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. Manila hemp forget-me-not.M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. b. sylvatica Myrica M. candleberry. sweet cicely. swamp c. menthifolia M. fistulosa M. punctata Montia M. odorata Myrtus M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. fistulosa var.. citriodora M. Oswego tea. b. banana abaca. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. myrrh.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
.Poncirus P. golden hardhack. lungwort blue 1. brake. maritima P. pensylvanica P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. nepalensis P.. widdy shrubby c. balsam p. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. persica Pteridium P. tacamahac cinquefoil. hardy orange poplar. elatior P.. trifoliata Populus P. pasture b. heal-all. domestica P. veris Prunella P. sand p. five-finger shrubby c. Jerusalem sage. cowslip self-heal self-heal. granatum Pyrus P. angustifolia P. all-heal salad burnet. aspen. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. Americana P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. hackmatack. vulgaris Prunus P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. Jerusalem cowslip white p. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. hog-pasture b. brake bracken.
stellata R Ranunculus R.Quercus Q. . mountain c. red currant. luteola Rhamnus R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup.. fairy r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. dog r. brier r. pygmy r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. banksiae R. moss r. garden r. dog b. × borboniana R. eglanteria R. 'Cinderella' R. autumn damask r. chinensis 'Minima' R. eglantine. rose. China r. York-and-Lancaster r. pilewort mignonette weld. sweetbrier French r. alpinum R. canina R. typhina Ribes R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R.. crowfoot lesser celandine. ficaria Reseda R. gooseberry alpine c. sativum Rosa R. brier Banksia r.. small c... Bourbon r. gallica damask r. garden c. dyer's rocket rhubarb. cabbage r.. pie plant. purshiana Rheum R. moss r.
French sorrel rue . climbing r.. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. bitter d. Japanese r. prostrate rosemary. chinquapin r.'Officinalis' R. spinosissima R. prairie r. 'Schneezwerg' R. × rehderana R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r.. hirta Rumex R. setigera R. sorrel. polyantha r. acetosa R. rosemary white r. tinctorum Rubus R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. golden p. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. Cherokee r. Harison's yellow r. laevigata R. snowdwarf memorial r. musk r. × harisonii R. obtusifolius R. wichuraiana R. climbing r. madder bramble blackberry. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. angustissimus R. rugosa R. burnet r. r.. garden sorrel broad dock. chestnut r.. roxburghii R. Scotch r. moschata R. Turkestan r. rosemary pine-scented r. dock s.
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garden s. canadensis willow. viridis Sambucus S. gray sage. sclarea S. American e. elegans S. caprea Salvia S. elderberry American e. pussy willow sage. guaranitica S. leucophylla S. purple g. microphylla S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. bloodroot red puccoon. golden g. argentea S. s. variegated garden s. leucantha S. s. Mexican bush s. bloodroot rue . involucrata S. greggii S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. caerula S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. clevelandii S. clary annual clary elder. purple sage baby sage garden sage. purple variegated garden s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. osier goat willow.
calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. mourning-bride stonecrop.. officinalis Sassafras S. roof h. pinnata S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S..Sanguisorba S. jasminoides S. marianum Sium S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. canadensis Sansevieria S.. milk t. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. sisarum Solanum S. tectorum Silybum S. good-luck plant. live-forever houseleek. lucky plant.. morganianum S. neapolitana S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. hemp plant snake plant. mad apple . esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. virens Saponaria S. live-forever houseleek. melongena var. atropurpurea Sedum S. telephium Sempervivum S. hen-and-chickens. skirret potato vine eggplant. albidum Satureja S. devil's tongue. pincushion flower pincushions. hortensis S. trifasciata Santolina S. blessed t. orpine donkey's tail orpine. sweet s. St. Mary's t.
laevis Symphytum S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. lutea Stokesia S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. × persica var. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. lilac . Aztec m. hedge nettle.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. reticulata var. vulgaris 'Addie V. americana Stachys S. woundwort lamb's-ears. californica Sorbaria S. byzantina S.. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. erecta marigold African m. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. officinale Syringa S.. officinale S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. big m. patula melongene. grandiflora S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. laciniata Persian lilac S.
marum Thuja T. . filifolia T. wood sage germander dwarf. 'Broad-leaf English' T. yew conical y.T.. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. canadense T. occidentalis Thymus T. vulgare T. signet m. vulgare var. lucida T.. culinary golden lemon t. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. carnosus T. lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. dwarf m. fruticans T. sweet mace French m. columnar y. upright y. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. crispum Taraxacum T. dense y. procumbent g. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. tansy tansy. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. 'Argenteus' T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. germander American g. officinale Taxus T..
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arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. leucotrichus T. praecox T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. odorus t. pratensis Trichostema T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. pallasianus T. confederatej. nummularius T... herba-barona T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. t. creeping t. doerfleri T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. not culinary French t. lemon t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. serpyllum T. lanatum Trifolium T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. crimson c. woolly thyme creeping t. t. zygis Torenia T. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. richardii subsp. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. caraway t. . nitidus T. red c. glabrescens T. wishbone flower.
blueberry. majus T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. tall n. huckleberry.. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. species t. blattaria V. farfara U Urginea U. olympicum V. tawny orange t. squill. water-lily t. officinalis Verbascum V. mullein mullein. officinalis V. bitter Indian garden n. kaufmanniana T. laevifolium Valeriana V. serpyllifolia nasturtium. cranberry. 'General de Wet' T.Tropaeolum T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. pale yellow Darwin t. clusiana T. dioica V Vaccinium V. Indian cress dwarf n.. speedwell. . 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. angustifolium var. tarda T. red s. minus Tsuga T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. early. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. maritima Urtica U. thapsus Veronica V. 'Blizzard' T. canadensis Tulipa T. flannel plant. velvet p. nettle stinging n.
maple-leaved viburnum. withe-rod vetiver. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. arrowwood. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. prunifolium Vinca V. lesser p. violet dog violet horned v. heartsease pansy. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. minor Viola V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. lutea 'Splendens' V. carlesii V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. sheepberry. zizanioides Viburnum V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. tricolor V.Vetiveria V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. heartsease. cassinoides V.. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. canina V.. possum haw . khus-khus. × wittrockiana Vitis V. sweet h. odorata V. ladies-delight. myrtle. nannyberry. acerifolium V.. running m.
officinale ginger true ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. Canton g.
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