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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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Page v

To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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Page vii

CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

bereft of hope. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Again they revised. With false starts and honest stops. successes. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. for they had no model and no guide. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . whether all their labor was to no avail. and the experience provided the final section of the book. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. responded with delight. and the publisher. more of them exist to serve as examples. The turning point came when. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and record every detailall of the failures. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. pushing. carefully chosen. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. punching. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. It needs no sequel. seven years ago. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. with sparkling enthusiasm. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. wheedling.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. This was not to be. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. alterations. This they did. Ginny had done some writing. and I have had the pleasure of advising. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Then. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. Their energy and charm caught me up. especially poetry. build it. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them.

Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. while others were prepared by landscape designers. Not all plants used are herbs. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. former generic names. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. We." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Some of these were created by landscape architects. and these are capitalizedfor example. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. degree of maintenance required. without accompanying commentary. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. the authors. by their owners. Italics are always used for botanical names. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. To achieve this. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. specialty. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. . Likewise. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. historical interest. English thyme. 1969 and 1980. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. we completed a test garden. rather. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. A range of essential factors is considered herein. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. although countless common names exist. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. or by contributors. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. The herb garden designs alone. and educational purpose. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information.

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His assistant. which made possible the completion of our text. She has served. Finally. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Genevieve Jyurovat. Swanson and Robert B.D. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Nell Neff. Wanda Ritchie. Betty Rea. Susan Frugé. Trudi Bela. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. as expediter and typist. Keebler and the late Everest P. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. We are grateful to many. A lecturer on herbs. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. too. and the horticulturist. Alice Skelsey. Derthick. has been especially helpful over the years. former director of same. and August Frugé. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. has given us valuable information. Isaacson. librarian. former managing editors. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Herbert J. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Lee Buss. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Alexander Apanius. Special thanks are due James C. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. past presidents. Recognition is due Robert B.. Rady. The late Raymond C. Weatherhead. Jo Lohmolder. have also been of assistance. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. president. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. always encouraging us to stay with our project. and Joanna Reed. M. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Richard T. Eleanor Gambee. FAITH H. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. and Elizabeth Bryce. and Rexford Talbert.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

and decisions must not be left to chance. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. a front dooryard. some of which are evergreen. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. As one constantly reinforces the other. new ways of seeing. new plants. "Not difficult to plan." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. lay out a plan of the property. or an abandoned. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain." A good design does not "happen. Perennial herbs. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. Its interest is independent of flowers. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. fences. If no . have foliage that changes color with the seasons. In order to create a fine garden design. the north point will have been indicated. and hedges will have been located. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. temples of worship. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. and structures." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. As Henry Beston reflects. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. partially excavated area. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. to increase the value of the property. not at all difficult to maintain. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year.

and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > . measurements are in engineer's scale. Here. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.

measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. too. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Next. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. but with all needed information. measurements are in engineer's scale. will give the lot or acreage measurements. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. other significant structures. The object is to . one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. measure to locate the house. In this example. too. and the driveway. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Here. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. such as the one illustrated here. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. to locate the house. In the absence of a survey map. A deed description.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available.

one of the branches generally having a pencil point. enclosures. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. paths. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. driveway. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. < previous page page_3 next page > .create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. and parallel lines. lines at an angle. triangleof inexpensive plastic. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. shrubs. The smaller the scale. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. and unusual land features noted. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. The tools needed for drawing are few. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions.

few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. yew. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. and hedges of hemlock. With the plan on paper. In some cases. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. the more substantial its foundation needs to be." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. However. greenhouse. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. bayberry. In the absence of a structure. old smokehouse. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. A toolhouse. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. iron. and stone. Upkeep. garage. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. In the designs that follow. and holly. brick. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. or summer kitchen is ideal. One basic rule is the higher the wall. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . gazebo. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

gray surfaces are found. if wood is the material of choice. so give them much thought. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. In some climates. as an example. and their styles are countless. Styles are legion. as in outdoor room dividers. railroad ties. When used with a hedge. box. such as bayberry. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. yew. If used. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Equally important is proportion. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. bricks. Where air circulation is much needed. Rosemary. cut stones. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. . the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. but the results will confirm this course. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. annual painting is a necessity. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Brick is the all-time favorite material. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. At first. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. and rosemary. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. or pressure-treated lumber. elegant box. Stone. Gates are part of the enclosure. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. for reinforcing the design. landscape timbers. Allow adequate room within the row. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. some deciduous and some evergreen. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Generally. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. whether it will be rocks. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. If desired. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Lower cost is an advantage. Stained. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. holly. or. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. or natural. deeply evergreen. Whatever the reason. When this reinforcement is understated. however. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. too. used for dry wall or masonry construction. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. they can be made to order. it will seem too sparsely planted. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. For example. for example. the garden design is most attractive. painted. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. a temporary garden that may be changed later. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out.

logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. awkward and unsafe. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. Conversely. there is a necessary. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. A width of four feet allows room for turning. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. appearance. too. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. and maintenance. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. If groups are walking through. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. The colors are various: terracotta. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Paths must be ample. making the design more evident. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. or red. cost. but should be compatible with. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. rosy pink. their use no less than comfortable. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. however. Step materials need not be the same as. Choose the path material equally for comfort. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. . because they are just that. the greater the tread. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. for example. Access paths. It is a general rule that the less the riser. There are. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.

a result being hazardous footing. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. prepare a planting plan for each. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . With these recommendations in mind. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. a soft-lead pencil in hand. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. bark or pine needles can be used. and many good references are available.) To avoid having a slippery surface. They are easily renewed as they break down. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. If the garden is made up of separate beds. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. shrubs. is an enjoyable experience. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. This. they should not shade the herbs too much. shad Malus coronaria. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. too. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. serviceberry. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. When they mature. or trees to be considered. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site.

one-half inch equals one foot. a focal point is customarily used. lemon thyme. or whatever is best in your case. for example. noting well their growth habits. for example. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Do use a soft-lead pencil. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. too. whether they are invasive or tall growing. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Sept. such as the one illustrated here. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. it is easily read and easily erased. It needs. 'Mount Hood daff. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. however. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Artifacts As with other gardens. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Often this center of interest is a sundial. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image.

a niche of its own should be created. If a statue less than life-size is used. the height of a fence to the house. Again. < previous page page_9 next page > . respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. It is then in scale with its frame. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. and a good sense of proportion is achieved.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

Except for two. However. the designs have a decorative north point. For easy reference. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a stylized drawing of an ovary. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. that of good proportion.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

which is used here in relation to a garage. 6. The first number in each planting area is the key number. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. or other structure. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Satureja hortensis.Pelargonium graveolens. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. salad burnet 12.Thymus praecox subsp. 26. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. 4. 16. arcticus 27. lemon 15. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. fennel 2. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.Ocimum basilicum. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. lemon balm . Foeniculum vulgare.Origanum majorana. 21. dill cerasiforme. Landscape Architect. 3.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 5. A.Viola tricolor. The rules of symmetry are observed. Lavenders accent the front corners. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Lobularia maritima. sativa.S. a fence.Allium 11.L. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. With color and texture considered for contrast. rose 24.A. summer 23. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. lovage 17. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. bee balm 13. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 22.Satureja montana. 1. sweet 25. 14.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula savory angustifolia.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Galium odoratum. 7.

Pelargonium × limoneum. leek 9. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Porrum Group. Greek 28. chive 18.Petroselinum crispum var. dwarf garden 20. curly parsley 10. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .8. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. 19.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Origanum heracleoticum.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. costmary 'Albus'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.

as was done here.Pelargonium tomentosum.Lavandula angustifolia. white 20. fennel English lavender geranium 4. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. curly parsley sativa. lemon verbena 21. 9.Foeniculum vulgare. 1.Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum. 18. Petroselinum crispum var. 11. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Rosmarinus officinalis. 12.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Monarda didyma. French tarragon 2. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. 13.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Artemisia dracunculus var. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. bush basil 3. rose 19. . A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. summer 10. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. 17. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.

Rosa eglanteria. English'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. eglantine 23. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. English thyme dill 8.Galium odoratum.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Origanum majorana. 16.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Thymus × citriodorus.salad burnet 6. 14.

7. 1. Even in limited space. dill 2. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Salvia officinalis.Chionanthus virginicus. The number in each planting area is the key number. Then the design might need to be expanded. however.Thymus × citriodorus. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. lemon thyme 10. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. summer savory 11.A. salad burnet 14.Petroselinum crispum. and the plan could be used at a front door. however.Satureja hortensis. spearmint 16.Artemisia dracunculus var.Poterium sanguisorba. . It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Allium schoenoprasum. garden sage 8. lovage 15.Taxus cuspidata. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. sativa. 9. parsley 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Origanum heracleoticum. 13. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. still observing a scale.S. The garden is conveniently located. sweet marjoram 3.L. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. A. Origanum majorana.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Levisticum officinale.Mentha spicata. making the beds larger and the paths wider. Japanese yew 17.

Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil chive 12.Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.

A.Polemonium reptans. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Osmunda cinnamomea. fennel 19.Teucrium chamaedrys. Landscape Architect. The number in each planting area is the key number. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. lavender marjoram 2.Polystichum acrostichoides. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 6. 25.Pulmonaria officinalis. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. The long.Digitalis grandiflora.Convallaria majalis.S. 8. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 7. fraxinella 15.A.Humulus lupulus. the challenge is obvious.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . sweet violet 16. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. Jacob's-ladder 3.Primula vulgaris. 18. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Monarda didyma. lemon thyme 28. 33.Allium ampeloprasum.Asarum canadense. salad 20.L. wild ginger 27. 1. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus. 31. cinnamon fern 4. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Viola odorata. bee balm 14. yellow 29.Stachys byzantina. This is an intimate garden.Origanum majorana. garden sage 17. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. summer 21. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. 9. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Artemisia dracunculus var. hop sativa. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. blue lungwort 26. 32.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. Dictamnus albus. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 13. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. leek Foeniculum vulgare. 30. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. Christmas fern 5.

Petroselinum crispum var. French'. curly parsley mountain ash 12. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .lilac 10.Tsuga canadensis.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Galium verum. winter savory 24. French thyme woodruff koreana. sweet 34.savory germander Willmott'.Sorbus americana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Buxus microphylla var.Galium odoratum. yellow bedstraw 23.Satureja montana. 35. crispum. Canada hemlock Standard'.Korean box 11.

California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. 1. To be placed near the kitchen.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. dill 10.Salvia officinalis. neapolitanum. garden sage 20. it became part of the patio. devoted to a "yearly surprise. It is a pleasing. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. Surprisingly.Petroselinum crispum var. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Italian parsley .Rumex scutatus.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden.Origanum heracleoticum. 19. this design can be an inspiration. One of the beds.Aloysia triphylla. Even so. geometric design. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. lemon verbena 2." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.

Artemisia dracunculus var.3.Allium schoenoprasum. garlic chive 26.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. sweet 13. French tarragon 5.Origanum majorana. lemon balm cicely 6. borage 'Purpurascens'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. lemon basil 9. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . chive 25.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 12.Borago officinalis. sweet 14. English thyme bush basil 8. sweet 18.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum.Poterium sanguisorba. purple basil 4.Petroselinum crispum var. basil sativa. curly parsley 22.Satureja hortensis. Alpine strawberry 7.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Anthriscus cerefolium. winter savory 24. chervil marjoram 21. summer savory 23.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.17. crispum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Myrrhis odorata. 16. salad 15.

14. the work paths could be eliminated. rosemary 3.Hyssopus officinalis. geometric design.Santolina virens. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. lamb's-ears 20.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Thymus × citriodorus. it is an unusual. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Satureja montana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Galium odoratum. Created in an orderly way. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. D. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. sweet 13.Stachys byzantina. purple basil 4. To increase the planting area. 19. it is full of interesting angles.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. As a whole. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. blue 22.Myrrhis odorata. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. The center beds here were established in this way.Lavandula angustifolia. green santolina 12. winter 21. too.C. so.Pelargonium in variety. sweet cicely 23. scented-leaf geranium 2. English thyme lemon thyme 11. English lavender 10. gray .

6. 25.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Teucrium chamaedrys. American southernwood holly 17. clove pink 7. horehound24. camphor-scented wormwood 8. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Marrubium vulgare. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia camphorata. germander 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme santolina 15. classic myrtle 9.Dianthus caryophyllus.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Myrtus communis.Ilex opaca.

The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Lavandula angustifolia. Galium odoratum. sweet basil 4. Achillea millefolium.Thymus praecox subsp. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. sweet woodruff 5. French tarragon 14. gray santolina 13. purple basil 3. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. borage 23.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lemon balm 22. yarrow 12. which adds its impression of warmth. tansy 25. this herb garden is secluded. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.Chamaemelum . pot marigold 24. too. blue hyssop 2. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Artemisia absinthium.Calendula officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. arcticus 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rosemary 15. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door.Hyssopus officinalis. Coix lacryma-jobi. 1. Job's tears 11.Melissa officinalis. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Its arrow points north and. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. sativa. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Borago officinalis. English lavender 6. winter savory 16. absinthe 26. casts the shadow for the hour.Rosmarinus officinalis. Sometimes space is limited. This center of interest is of particular note. Ocimum basilicum. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Satureja montana. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.

chive 18. garden sage 19.7. pineapplescented sage 9.Origanum vulgare. Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. white creeping thyme nobile. costmary 'Albus'.Syringa. comfrey20. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . chamomile 17.Carya illinoinensis. Salvia elegans.Pelargonium in variety. scented-leaf 27.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. variegated garden sage 8.Symphytum officinale.Origanum majorana. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. sweet 29. marjoram pecan 10. wild marjoram 28.

7.Teucrium chamaedrys.Apium graveolens. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Salvia officinalis.Myrrhis odorata.Allium sativum.Melissa officinalis. 4. rose geranium 2.Allium schoenoprasum. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. The more invasive ones. purple basil Zingiber officinale. hyssop Meyer lemon . 6.Pelargonium graveolens. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. sweet cicely 37. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. lemon balm 35. true ginger16. 29. 36. 5. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. chervil 15.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. 3. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. Anthriscus cerefolium. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis. horehound 33. 9. 1. dill 20. 8. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. 30. garlic Levisticum officinale. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. sweet 34. 19.Pelargonium × limoneum. summer 32. When controlled in this way. for example lemon balm and spearmint. sativa.Ipomoea alba.Artemisia dracunculus var. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. sunken into the ground. French sorrel 21.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. rue 31. 18.Ruta graveolens.Galium odoratum. parsley 17. blue 23. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. lovage 22.

Thymus × citriodorus. dwarf nasturtium 13.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Origanum heracleoticum. lemonthyme 28.Magnolia virginiana. bush basil 14.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. English thyme 26. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . sweet basil 38. salad burnet 25. lemon verbena 11.Tropaeolum minus. French thyme 24.10. Japanese yew 39.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Aloysia triphylla.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Greek oregano 12. spearmint 27.

Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. simplify!. a quick way to ensure good drainage. but.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. < previous page page_22 next page > . this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. whatever the reason. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. however. "Simplify. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Origanum majorana. tansy 11. lettuce 10.Ocimum basilicum. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. French tarragon 5. 18. spearmint 21.Mentha x piperita.Rosmarinus officinalis. jewelweed24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. lemon 22.Aloe barbadensis. balm sativa. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Ruta graveolens. garden sage 3.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia absinthium. 1.Mentha spicata.Monarda didyma.Petroselinum crispum.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. sweet 15.Impatiens capensis.Melissa officinalis. parsley 2. arcticus.Tanacetum vulgare.Lindera benzoin. rue 20. bell pepper 6.Thymus praecox subsp. 14.Artemisia dracunculus var. bee balm 19. 16.Satureja hortensis. spicebush absinthe French'.Galium odoratum.Anethum graveolens. dill 13. sweet 25. peppermint 23.Allium fistulosum. 12.The number in each planting area is the key number. 26. summer basil savory 7.Lactuca sativa. sweet 17. aloe Grossum Group.Capsicum frutescens.Hedeoma pulegioides. tomato American pennyroyal 4.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Russian 13. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. encloses this plan. 1. 8. . The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Pelargonium in variety. French thyme 2. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. horizontally laid bluestone. faced and capped with random. germander 7. Thymus praecox subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. too. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Perovskia abrotanoides. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. arcticus 14.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. A low wall of brick.

sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. crimson creeping thyme 9.Santolina neapolitana 4. St. arcticus 'Albus'. lavender 3. lady's6. blue 11.Alchemilla vulgaris. trumpet vine 16.Campsis radicans. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lemon thyme 10.Viburnum cassinoides.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. witch hazel 18. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp.-John'swort 17.Galium odoratum.Hyssopus officinalis.Hamamelis virginiana.Melissa officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. white creeping thyme 5.Thymus praecox subsp.angustifolia. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lemon balm hyssop 12.

however. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. box. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Germander is a proper edging here. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. holly. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. the shrubsyew. Although this is not a large garden. lilac. It is. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. However. < previous page page_28 next page > . bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Japanese holly 47. 23.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. 12.Myrtus communis. dwarf privet 48. white creeping thyme 37. crimson creeping thyme 31. sweet albula. Mentha requienii. arcticus 'Albus'. broom 40. blue horehound hyssop 3. alpine strawberry 8. orris 38.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia camphorata.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. lavender 22. Corsican 24. 18. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Syringa patula. clary 30.Satureja montana. Japanese holly 42. Thymus praecox subsp. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . santolina alpine pink 28. green 27. lamb'sears 35. Japanese yew 44. white hyssop 4.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Dictamnus albus.Teucrium chamaedrys. classic myrtle 15.Iris × germanica var. columnal yew 43.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. Myrrhis odorata. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia leucophylla.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Santolina virens. prostrate rosemary 13.Iris cristata.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 32. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Eloise & Jo Ray.20. dwarf box 41. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. germander 36. Viola odorata.Stachys byzantina.Chrysanthemum coccineum. cottage pink 2. 9. Heliotropium arborescens. Alchemilla vulgaris. 1. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Comptonia peregrina. sweet cicely17.Artemisia frigida. lilac 45. Simkins'.Cytisus supinus.Salvia sclarea. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Santolina pinnata 34. fringed wormwood 16. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Anemone pulsatilla.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. red creeping thyme 10.Ruta graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Borago officinalis. rue 6. 26. woolly thyme 7. fraxinella 33.Chamaemelum nobile. 21.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. dwarf crested iris 39. lady's. mantle chamomile 5. Marrubium vulgare.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Thymus praecox subsp.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. sweet violet 19.Artemisia ludoviciana var. winter 29. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. gray sage savory 14. florentina.

The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. and a vegetable garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. < previous page page_30 next page > . an herb garden. a running bond pattern. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. and one has an inset for a garden seat. a cutting garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. while adding to the enclosure of the area. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. as is true here in the vegetable garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. This hedge. the center of interest for the herb garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. Other paths are brick. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The varied shapes of the beds add interest.

A. .L.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. Landscape Architect.S.

starsMaxima'. clary 46.Teucrium chamaedrys. garden sage 56. 1. Anethum graveolens 23.Helleborus niger.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Achillea taygetea. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Origanum majorana.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Petroselinum crispum var. York-andLancaster rose 16. plantain lily 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. yellow 35. 50. summer 34. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. Dictamnus albus.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 47. white 'Bouquet'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia sclarea. French tarragon 8.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja hortensis. sweet 51. yellow epimedium 15. 22. lamb's-ears 49.Polystichum acrostichoides. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Stachys byzantina.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. green santolina 42. 55.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Pelargonium in variety.Allium schoenoprasum.Digitalis grandiflora.Satureja montana. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. Stokes' aster 31.Galium odoratum. 14.Chrysanthemum × superbum. 52. double white peony of-Persia 12. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Thymus × citriodorus.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. 53. helenium 4. 32. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. purple basil Japanese holly 17. germander 39. yellow 24.Allium christophii. lavender 18.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Limonium latifolium. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue iris 9.Ocimum basilicum 54.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. pale 28. winter savory 44.Magnolia virginiana.Stokesia laevis.Lilium candidum.Ribes alpinum. statice Solemacher'. Campanula persicifolia. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. dill wishbone flower 5.Santolina virens. sweet marjoram 45. lemon thyme 40. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Aloysia triphylla. blue 27.Salvia officinalis.Rosa damascena savory crispum. lemon 29. Rosmarinus officinalis. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. alpine strawberry 3. Christmas 48. verbena rose chive 11.Hemerocallis × luteola. 37.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. sativa. candytuft Standard'.Origanum heracleoticum. Aquilegia chrysantha. bush basil 41.Artemisia dracunculus var. cottage pink French'. French thyme 7.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. fraxinella 26.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. Louise'. blue hyssop 43.

The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. < previous page page_32 next page > . Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. While serving as a soil retainer. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. a retaining wall or walls are needed. as in this case. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation.

Solanum pseudocapsicum.45.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. lemon verbena 46. .Tanacetum vulgare var. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Galium odoratum. F.Iris cristata.A. lady's43. borage 26.R.Lavandula angustifolia. spearmint 41. Melissa officinalis. The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm 24.Aloysia triphylla. English 44. Borago officinalis.A. sweet 23. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Iris pseudacorus. Landscape Architect. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 21.Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha spicata. lamb's25. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. crispum. 42. Monarda didyma.Viola odorata. Stachys byzantina. Ocimum basilicum. lemon 22.Alchemilla vulgaris.Allium schoenoprasum. 1.

pennyroyal 54.Foeniculum vulgare. 37. Greek 53.Anethum graveolens.Vinca minor. southernwood 31.Dianthus caryophyllus. catnip 50. pink hawthorn 16. citrata.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis. 40. 33. leek 49. Egyptian onion 11.Petroselinum crispum var. garden sage 36.Ruta graveolens. wild 39.Crataegus arkansana. fennel 35.Artemisia abrotanum. clove 55. dill 34.Chrysanthemum balsamita. savory sativa. 57. 56. curly mint 30. Poterium sanguisorba. Ajuga reptans. rosemary 9. mullein chive 47.Elaeagnus pungens.Quercus stellata.Cassia marilandica. sweet marjoram 28. carpet bugleweed 8. flowering dogwood 15.Allium ampeloprasum. orange mint 29. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Allium tuberosum. tabasco senna pepper 20.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. rue 51. 52. French tarragon holly 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia elegans.Capsicum frutescens.Mentha pulegium. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. polyantha rose 12. summer 32.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Satureja hortensis.Nepeta cataria.Verbascum thapsus. garlic chive 48.7.Mentha × piperita var.Rosa × rehderana. post crispum 'Banquet'. Rosmarinus officinalis. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Origanum majorana.Cornus florida.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. salad burnet 10.Allium sativum. curly parsley oak 17.Origanum heracleoticum. Proliferum Group. myrtle 58. pineapple38.Artemisia absinthium.Marrubium vulgare. absinthe English thyme 27. Porrum Group.Allium cepa. horehound neapolitanum. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .

However.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. Although this is a northeast exposure. mothproofing bags. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. and vinegars. sleep pillows. < previous page page_34 next page > . a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox. Landscape Architect .

Thymus × citriodorus.Tsuga canadensis. bay 48.The number in each planting area is the key number. round-headed garlic 46.Allium sativum var. Petroselinum crispum var. lemon 18.Rumex scutatus. Egyptian onion 42. purple basil sage 11.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Alchemilla vulgaris. Poterium sanguisorba. 1. salad 22. nutmeg geranium 39. peppermint geranium 40. lilac 32. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Satureja montana.Aloysia triphylla.Tanacetum vulgare. lavender 7.Salvia oficinalis.Pelargonium × limoneum. Lactuca.Calendula officinalis. anise hyssop 14.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Pelargonium tomentosum.Allium sphaerocephalum. French tarragon 10. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. lily leek 44. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. American rosemary arborvitae 34. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. garden sage 2.Pelargonium fragrans. florentina. Hallock'.Iris × germanica var. winter 29.Monarda didyma.Allium schoenoprasum. Roman 20. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Thuja occidentalis. lemon verbena 36.Allium moly. 24. Ruta graveolens.Laurus nobilis.Mentha spicata. orris 17. burnet lovage 6. crispum. pot 28. tansy 16. southernwood 9. 'Monge'. 49.Ocimum basilicum 27.Hemerocallis. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 50. 23.Salvia officinalis. 19. chive 43. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm 30. rue 26.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Hyssopus officinalis .Galium odoratum. dwarf nasturtium 37. 21. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lemon 31.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum.Tropaeolum minus. daylily in variety 41. balm valerian 15. blue hyssop 35.Valeriana officinalis. garden 'Purpurascens'. 'President Poincare'. Artemisia pontica. costmary 5.Agastache foeniculum. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium pulchellum 47. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sativa.Allium cepa.Salvia elegans. English finger-bowl geranium 38. lettuce in variety 25.Levisticum officinale. Proliferum Group.

with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. A simple knot.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Invasive. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. < previous page page_36 next page > . Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. is the focus of the middle level.

Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia elegans.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. dwarf winter savory 2.Sempervivum tectorum. houseleek 45. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. pineapple mint 22. foxglove 4.Satureja hortensis.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. white thrift 24. horehound 46.Poterium sanguisorba. golden thyme .Marrubium vulgare.Armeria maritima. thyme 3. pineapplescented sage 47. French tarragon 44. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Valeriana officinalis. 1. Digitalis purpurea. salad burnet 23. summer savory 43. sativa. fennel 25.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma. valerian 5. bee balm 26. Satureja montana 'Nana'.

Sium sisarum. 30. fraxinella 8. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Eranthis hyemalis. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. germander 56. Dictamnus albus.Symphytum officinale. yellow 41. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Alchemilla vulgaris. marigold chive 15. Madonna cicely lily 12. blue hyssop 57.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Origanum majorana.Salvia officinalis.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. pink 62.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. rosemary 28.Hyssopus officinalis. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Calendula officinalis. Angelica archangelica.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. English 52. white 58. sweet 50. 61.Ruta graveolens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Agrimonia eupatoria. 54.Rosmarinus officinalis.Anemone pulsatilla.Lilium candidum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. Salvia sclarea.Artemisia absinthium. dwarf edging box 21.Laurus nobilis.Echium vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. clary 48. absinthe 53. dyer's woad 7.Crocus sativus. 38. angelica Lenten rose 10.Salvia viridis. French'. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Rosa chinensis.Lavandula angustifolia. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Foeniculum vulgare. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Rosa eglanteria. 33. skirret 60. annual clary 51. pink 59. sweet 37. sweet basil sage 27. 40.Thymus praecox subsp.Myrrhis odorata.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. sweet 32. garden 42.Galium verum.Chrysanthemum 36. feverfew climbing rose 16. pot 35. arcticus 55. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Helleborus orientalis. lavender Christmas rose 11. viper's 34. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. 39. parthenium. Isatis tinctoria.Galium odoratum.Helleborus niger.6.Levisticum officinale. China rose comfrey 19.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. rue 31.

and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. There is variety in this plan. even though space is limited. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. < previous page page_38 next page > . may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and the shagbark hickory. However. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Carya ovata. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal.

Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .

Marrubium vulgare. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Canada Isatis tinctoria. box Buxus sempervirens. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. chive Ilex opaca. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. germander Agastache foeniculum. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. bee balm Melissa officinalis. box Carya ovata. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. Asarum canadense. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. Poterium sanguisorba. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. red mint . apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. citrata. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. French Galium odoratum. Artemisia absinthium. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. sativa. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. flax Buxus sempervirens. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. sweet basil Satureja montana. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. Aloysia triphylla. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. Adiantum pedatum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. lamb's. valerian Rosa damascena. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Arisaema triphyllum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. box Ruta graveolens. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens.Galium verum. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. green santolina Primula veris. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angelica Mondarda didyma. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. borage Petroselinum crispum. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. stewardsonii. rue Cornusflorida.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

A clump of birch here. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. first intended for the construction of a cottage. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. is on a sandy knoll. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. unplanned look was desired. An informal. For this appearance. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. this excavation. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. < previous page page_40 next page > . a dipping pool there. A singular statue of St. However. it is open on the side facing the house.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. too.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

rue 29. spearmint 45.Mentha × gentilis. fern-leaf tansy 23. 59.Satureja montana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 34.Urginea maritima.Monarda fistulosa.Digitalis grandiflora. 74.Melissa officinalis.Althaea officinalis. French'. 8. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 79. 60. 58. Johnny-jump-up54.Pelargonium graveolens.Ocimum basilicum. catnip 73. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 53. Thymus praecox subsp.Valeriana officinalis.Digitalis purpurea.Anethum graveolens.Levisticum officinale.Anthriscus cerefolium.Pelargonium crispum. lemon 35. gray scented sage santolina 4. woolly thyme 13.Santolina florentina.Ajuga reptans.Angelica archangelica. 32. lemon balm 44. Sempervivum tectorum. red mint 48. thrift55.Myrrhis odorata.Petroselinum crispum. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Pelargonium quercifolium.Glechoma hederacea. 61. apple mint 49.Satureja hortensis. 64.Origanum onites.Hyssopus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.Allium schoenoprasum. 52. 12. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. garden sage lungwort 57. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. peppermint 47.Thymus praecox subsp. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 63. blue 2.Achillea tomentosa. 1. creeping juniper 26. marsh 42. 72. pineapple3.Chelidonium majus. pot 66.Chrysanthemum 80.Pulmonaria officinalis.Vinca minor. Iris × germanica var.Rosa 'Merry England'. 65. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sea onion angelica 24. pennyroyal 46. Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Marrubium vulgare. chive crispum. winter savory 20.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Viola tricolor. mint 50. 77.Thymus herba-barona. rose bergamot valerian 25. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 75. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. purple basil 9. 67.Betula papyrifera. feverfew 27.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Stachys byzantina.Mentha pulegium. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Pelargonium odoratissimum. orris chamaecyparissus. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium denticulatum.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 69. white birch English lavender parthenium.Origanum majorana.Consolida orientalis. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Artemisia abrotanum.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Mentha × piperita.Teucrium canadense. 33. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. golden 37. 30.Coriandrum sativum. wild 43.Allium favum lovage 22.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 76. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 70. sweet 71.The number in each planting area is the key number. 78. 68. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Armeria maritima. myrtle 14.Lavandula angustifolia. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. 36.Mentha suaveolens.Nepeta cataria.Convallaria majalis. orange geranium 11. 38.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. Ruta graveolens. 'Prostratus'. wild 51.Mentha spicata.Salvia elegans.Origanum vulgare. celandine cicely 18.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Monarda didyma. bee balm . 31. rose geranium 10. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

Because of the edging box. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. making it more a part of the herb garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. the same as the smokehouse construction. < previous page page_42 next page > . there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Foundation stone. and the two small trees. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the accents of the six large box. is used for the wall.

< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.L. A. .S. Landscape Architect.A.

Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. pineapple mint 18.Levisticum officinale.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Crataegus laevigata. Dictamnus albus.Mentha × piperita. 47. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. Pelargonium graveolens. purple basil sativa.Aloysia triphylla. verbena English thyme 5. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. white 23.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. balm citrata.Angelica archangelica. sweet 37. 39. 40. 41. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. sweet marjoram 2. lemon 36.Artemisia abrotanum. Symphytum officinale.Viola tricolor. sweet 26.Mentha spicata. 1. orange mint 19.Crocus. species in variety crispum. fraxinella 17. fringed 43. spearmint 48. 'Purpurascens'.Prunus domestica.Allium giganteum. 21.38. lemon 34. Corsican 33.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. dwarf edging box 14.Lilium candidum.Allium schoenoprasum. Ocimum basilicum 24. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. lady's.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Artemisia dracunculus var. winter 42. lemon basil 15.Chrysanthemum 28.Tanacetum vulgare var.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Galium odoratum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia frigida.Mentha requienii. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . plum white hyssop southernwood 16. blue angelica lungwort 20. crownbasil savory imperial 11. balsamita. Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha × piperita var. summer 25. bee balm 29.Myrrhis odorata. English 'Minimum'. 35. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. 44. Asarum europaeum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Buxus sempervirens.Fritillaria imperialis. rosemary 3. Satureja hortensis.Satureja montana.Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia. chive comfrey curly mint 8. 27. box 'Citriodorum'. European ginger 4. Origanum majorana. 22.Ocimum basilicum 30. 31.Ocimum basilicum 32. lovage 46. sweet cicely45.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.

Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. This hedge. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. the dwarf box edging. This is true also of the stone curbing. The dipping bowl. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. pink of Dianthus. a soil retainer. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. too. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Lowgrowing. although it is ample at four feet. Instead. two specimen shrubs. < previous page page_44 next page > .< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium.

A. Landscape Architect.L.S.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .A.

American 38. 17.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. Salvia officinalis. green santolina 37. Compactus'.Dicentra spectabilis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha × piperita. 36.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. sweet 47. Thymus praecox subsp. borage 31.Galanthus nivalis. spearmint 48.Angelica archangelica.Mentha × piperita var. 52.Pelargonium in variety.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 61. 51. black cohosh windflower 15.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Tulipa clusiana. Spanish bluebell 16. marjoram crocus 7.Allium christophii.Crocus tomasinianus. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. gray 22.Crocus angustifolius. 56.Cimicifuga racemosa.Anemone blanda. sweet 55.Ocimum basilicum.Digitalis grandiflora. Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. orange mint 8. 44. 45. white creeping thyme lovage 10. rue25. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Santolina virens.Borago officinalis.Levisticum officinale. Stachys byzantina.Crocus speciosus. sweet 27. 50. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Thymus praecox subsp. 58.Sternbergia lutea.Narcissus asturiensis.Salvia sclarea. angustifolia 'Nana'.Lilium candidum. lamb's-ears 28. verbena snowflake 19. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. arcticus 34. white 42. lemon 60.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Myrica pensylvanica.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Satureja montana. 2. thyme 29. 'Lanuginosus'.Leucojum aestivum. lemon 33. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Heliotropium arborescens. Santolina chamaecyparissus. winter savory 39. Thymus doerfleri. 43. arcticus 30.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Helleborus lividus subsp. 1. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Mentha spicata. 53. Madonna 63.Pelargonium in variety.Galium odoratum. 26. tulip citrata. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.57.Aloysia triphylla. golden thyme41.Crocus kotschyanus.Narcissus triandrus var.Hamamelis virginiana. 54.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Thymus herba-barona. 40. 49. prostrate rosemary 18. catmint 35.Mertensia virginica. clary 32. 46.Thymus × citriodorus.Teucrium canadense. 20. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. angel's-tears 59.Convallaria majalis. caraway thyme albus.Helleborus niger. lily. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Nepeta mussinii.

this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Second. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Morning sun warms it early. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. First. very livable and profoundly satisfying. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The results have been most satisfying. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn.

sweet basil 23.Apium graveolens. English thyme 43. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 1. crocus 44. Beauty'.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.Crocus sieberi. 26.A. . 'Lambrook Silver'. clary thyme 22.Allium neapolitanum. Origanum heracleoticum. A. lemon 21. Artemisia absinthium 24. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. wild celery 42. Thymus praecox subsp. The number in each planting area is the key number. marigold 41. 25.Salvia sclarea. Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon 5.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L.S.Allium ampeloprasum. tulip 45.Tulipa tarda.Artemisia lactiflora. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Porrum Group. Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia dracunculus var. woolly thyme 3. leek 46. garden sage 4. Landscape Architect. absinthe sativa.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.

Ribes sativum. viola holly 18. monkshood upright yew 17. fraxinella 36. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. catmint 53. yellow 55. weed chive 48. white evergreen azalea 16.Asclepias tuberosa.Aconitum napellus. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Levisticum officinale.Lobelia siphilitica.Nepeta × faassenii. 54.Rosmarinus officinalis. American marjoram Yellow'. Lavandula angustifolia. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. lemon 50.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Achillea filipendula 60.Santolina chamaecyparissus. great 31.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. 56.Artemisia camphorata.Origanum majorana.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Aloysia triphylla. clematis 11. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Allium senescens var.Digitalis grandiflora.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. butterfly 47. 32. green 40. curly parsley 20.Galium mollugo. red currant gray santolina 13. 8. Robert verbena Brydon'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Cornus florida. 29. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . 58. alpine 28. pale 49.Tropaeolum minus.Malus hupehensis. lobelia Sherbert'. bee balm foxglove Choice'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Clematis 'Mrs.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Santolina virens.Petroselinum crispum var. pink 30. 39.Ilex opaca.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. dogwood 19.Hyssopus officinalis.Ipomoea alba. lamb's-ears 52.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Stachys byzantina. sweet 37.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.foxglove 7. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. blue 38.Crataegus phaenopyrum. lovage 34.Allium schoenoprasum.Dictamnus albus. Viola odorata. American elderberry 15. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Dianthus × allwoodii.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A birdbath of copper. repeats again the octagonal form. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . are raised with bricks on edge. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. The four herb beds. even though the growing area is not extensive. an impression of Sol in it. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

French tarragon 7. 19.Santolina 25. spearmint southernwood 5. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum. heliotrope 31.Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil 23. curly parsley 32.Pelargonium tomentosum. sweet basil 22. 29. orange santolina geranium 11. Artemisia abrotanum. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. peppermint 4. curly mint 3. Anethum graveolens. sweet woodruff 9.Nepeta mussinii. catmint 6.Heliotropium arborescens. lemon 30. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . 42.Lavandula dentata. thyme salad burnet 40.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. 27.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears 17. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium graveolens. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. purple variegated garden sage 36. 28. lemon 41.Pelargonium denticulatum.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Joan E. Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia. rue 35. sativa.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. lemon 39. crispum. Artemisia absinthium. Stachys byzantina. clove pink 10.Salvia officinalis. 43. prostrate rosemary 34.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia sclarea. 16. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. purple basil 24. white creeping thyme 12. variegated garden sage 37.Ruta graveolens.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium crispum. gray 'Prince of Orange'. lavender 15.Thymus × citriodorus. angustifolia. English thyme horehound 2.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Semple. 1. rosemary 33. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Mentha spicata. absinthe 20. Artemisia dracunculus var.Rosmarinus officinalis. golden variegated garden sage 38.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. dill 18. French 26.Allium tuberosum. silver mound artemisia 8.Mentha × piperita.Thymus praecox subsp. clary 21.Marrubium vulgare.Petroselinum crispum var.

rose. rose geranium. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. A suitable fence. a toolhouse. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. if neither is available. < previous page page_52 next page > . arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. lemon verbena. There are a number of plants suitable for such use.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. A birdbath may replace the pool. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. and lantana are a few. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

fern-leaf tansy 8. heliotrope 21. green 12.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. verbena ambrosia 4.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. arcticus 'Albus'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. rosescented geranium 17.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Origanum majorana.Artemisia absinthium 11. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Tanacetum vulgare var. 9. absinthe 'Minimum'. bush basil 5. The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens. gray santolina chamomile 14. lemon 10. geranium 16. 1.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Heliotropium arborescens. 13. crispum. zonal geranium 18. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Pelargonium frutetorum. lemon thyme 20.S. A.L. sweet santolina marjoram 6.A.Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architect.Chenopodium botrys. woolly thyme 15. zonal geranium 19. lavender 3. 7. Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum nobile.Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. white creeping thyme 2.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.

At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. The dwarf box frames the focal point. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Hyssop hedges define the circles. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Box and holly enclose it all. but the design itself has endured forty years. a sundial. These can easily obliterate a design. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > .< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. mints. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. box. the design is clearly traced. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. apothecary's rose. Angelica. As the snows melt. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. artemisias. a deep mauve to others.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

arcticus 39. white dead 49.Alchemilla vulgaris. grape fennel 19. yew Beauty'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Artemisia camphorata.Sempervivum tectorum.Asarum europaeum. sweet 27. Santolina virens. piney 44.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.47. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. southernwood 2. Dianthus caryophyllus.Hyssopus officinalis. garden sage Christmas rose 10. houseleek Lenten rose 11. dyer's woad 9. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Helleborus orientalis.Melissa officinalis. orris box 22. crimson creeping thyme 18. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Helleborus niger.30.Lavandula dentata. blue 50. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Thymus praecox subsp. green santolina 24.Stachys byzantina.Arisaema dracontium. 58.Astrantia major. 67. masterwort 69. rue 23.Reseda luteola. chamomile 31. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Helleborus atrorubens 12. 48. gray 37.Armeria maritima. arcticus 38. 59. fern-leaf tansy 5. 62.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp. wild 52. lady's-mantle 46. 1.James D. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Pelargonium in variety. 55.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina neapolitana 36. white creeping thyme French'. daffodil 17.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. arcticus 40. dwarf edging box 21.Asclepias tuberosa.Valeriana officinalis. pot bergamot marjoram 7. Origanum majorana. white 66.Lamium album.Buxus sempervirens.Taxus.Myrrhis odorata. 56. alpine 60.Pyrus communis.Galium odoratum. 65. weld 54.Syringa.Thymus praecox subsp.63.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. butterfly weed35. 26. Satureja montana. valerian 6. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Artemisia absinthium.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum onites.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Vitis. Tropaeolum majus.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. scented.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. nasturtium 28.Paeonia officinalis. absinthe 34.Lilium candidum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Alchemilla alpina. green. 'Albus'.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. skirret 53. lilac 70.Iris × germanica var.Symphytum officinale.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. sweet woodruff45. florentina. feverfew 14. orris 57. bronze 64. blue hyssop 42.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Isatis tinctoria. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. germander 43. Chamaemelum nobile. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet European ginger cicely 3. thrift 41.Tanacetum vulgare var. Canadian burnet 13.Sium sisarum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Monarda fistulosa. marjoram lungwort crispum. lamb's-ears 33.Perillafrutescens.Sedum telephium. Graham. rosemary 25.Pulmonaria officinalis. winter savory 32. perilla 51.Teucrium chamaedrys. clove pink 29.

crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. In addition to the brick edging around each. pink. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. < previous page page_56 next page > . interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. include this one. At the top of the steps. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. The large. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. The brick edging around each bed is a help. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. They are small specialty beds." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. with buds of red. rising from the courtyard. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. If there is room for only one rambler rose. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. However. but no panacea for the maintenance required. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. Rosa 'Albertine'. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves.

garden sage 40. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Carum carvi.Borago officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. alpine strawberry 3.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. 1.Rheum rhabarbarum. 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. angelica 20.Satureja montana. caraway 24. Angelica archangelica. lemon balm 42. tansy Bois'.Melissa officinalis. lavender 4. rhubarb 2. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Lavandula angustifolia. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 22. winter savory 41. bush basil 43.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. foxglove 39. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. English thyme .

56. Mexican tea 18.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet 37. 29.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. 54.Chenopodium 55.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. centifolia 'Cristata'.Allium schoenoprasum. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Chrysanthemum. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. cheddar pink 53.R. musk rose 12.Laurus nobilis. citrata. thyme frutescens. muscosa 15. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Origanum majorana. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pot 50. French'.R. 35. Consolida ambigua. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. salad 7.Aloysia triphylla. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Poterium sanguisorba.Chrysanthemum 46. bourbon rose 10. silver 27. 45.R.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Pelargonium graveolens.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. 31. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.R. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Anethum graveolens 47.sativa.6. curly parsley 26. Hyssopus officinalis. rose 28. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. French 33.R.Pelargonium.Mentha × piperita var. Irish-lace 48. clove pink Mammoth'. geranium in 30.Satureja hortensis. centifolia var. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Tagetes filifolia.R. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 49. prostrate rosemary 16. marguerite chive 9. centifolia.Salvia elegans. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. var.'Baronne Prevost'.R.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Lavandula dentata. blue hyssop 25. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Dianthus caryophyllus 38.'Albertine'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Calendula officinalis. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.R. pineapple34.Artemisia dracunculus 44. Thymus 'Argenteus'. lemon 51. 36.Dianthus Victoria'.

Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Laid in an unusual pattern. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Balance is augmented. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. < previous page page_58 next page > . A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. as it should be. Beautifully precise and symmetrical.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. It is near the house.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Aloysia triphylla. A. 19. white creeping thyme 4. green 22.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. dwarf edging box 8.Heliotropium arborescens. dill 9.Salvia officinalis.Origanum majorana.Santolina virens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Satureja hortensis.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. santolina moss rose 7.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Hyssopus officinalis. lavender 2.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 1.S. 16.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Allium schoenoprasum. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . English'. sweet basil 14. 21.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. rosemary yellow viola 10.Poterium sanguisorba. 24. chive lemon verbena 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Myosotis sylvatica. blue hyssop 13. double white peony 5. heliotrope 3. arcticus 'Albus'. English thyme signet marigold 11.Thymus praecox subsp.A. 17.Anethum graveolens. Landscape Architect.L. 23. 20. gray 15.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Ocimum basilicum.Lucile Teeter Kissack. The number in each planting area is the key number. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. too. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. and a comfortable. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. potted lemon verbena. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. < previous page page_60 next page > .< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. winter pruned. The grape vines. Herbs. the fence with roses. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and the grape arbor. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Althaea officinalis. Aloysia triphylla. conical yew rosemary 1. Valeriana officinalis. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica.Connecticut Vera Breed. 3. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Teucrium chamaedrys. BED II germander BED IV 2. lemon Linum perenne. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Galium odoratum. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. lovage Myrrhis odorata. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Iris cristata. sweet climbing rose. Nepeta mussinii. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Stachys byzantina. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. marsh climbing rose. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata.Amsonia tabernaemontana. three. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. purple variegated garden sage 4. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale.

gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Rosmarinus officinalis. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. lemon Anemone hybrida. Sempervivum. catmint 5. Thymus × citriodorus. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Munstead'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. lavender 10. lemon thyme 9. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Thymus. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. houseleek in variety 7. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Chamaemelum nobile. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. beach Marrubium vulgare. plume Baptisia australis. tuberosa 6. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Delphinium × belladonna. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. fairy rose Giant'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. creeping thyme in variety 8. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys.

The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. planted in bands across these beds. grew too large. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. tend to broaden the width of the garden. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. myrtle. holly. if desired. Herbs. its detail is shown below. Later. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Another angle could be tried with these. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. this was replaced with ''edging" box. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. silver. and bright green in the herb beds.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Either it flourished too well. magnolia. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Ivy. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. blue green.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Ilex opaca.Monarda didyma.Galium odoratum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 25. purple garden sage 7. horehound germander 17.Myrica pensylvanica. ears rose geranium 3. bayberry balm thyme 13. purple basil savory 35.Thymus herba-barona.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Origanum majorana. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Artemisia ludoviciana var. caraway thyme 40.Thymus praecox subsp. 33. borage 26. tansy 45. American holly 31.Mentha spicata. English'. bee balm30. sweet 34. silver-king artemisia 23.Buxus sempervirens 14. spearmint 42. gray santolina 15. 28. lovage 48. 1. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. woolly thyme 8. salad 43. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. white creeping thyme 41.Levisticum officinale. lamb's. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. 49.Chamaemelum nobile.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus carnosus. English ivy burnet 10.Pelargonium × nervosum.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. French thyme 39. box chamaecyparissus.Rumex scutatus.19.Poterium sanguisorba. English thyme chamomile 2. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Mentha suaveolens. dwarf edging box 11. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. arcticus 'Albus'.Satureja montana. Ruta graveolens. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. winter 'Purpurascens'. sweet woodruff 36. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Laurus nobilis.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 46. bush basil albula.Marrubium vulgare.Magnolia grandiflora.Teucrium chamaedrys. bay rosemary 12.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hedera helix. lemon 29. Ocimum basilicum 22. Borago officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. 'Minimum'. Tropaeolum minus. rue 20.Pelargonium graveolens. 6. French 27. thyme 37.Artemisia abrotanum. Ocimum basilicum 24. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. dwarf 21.Vinca minor. thyme 38.Thymus doerfleri. Stachys byzantina. myrtle 47. lime geranium 4.Pelargonium fragrans. 44.

The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. too. standards. Laurus nobilis. and treessome of which are espaliered. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. potted shrubs. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. It is a large garden. The use of flagstone. < previous page page_64 next page > . adding to the space for walking. It is located for the best viewing. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The four potted bay. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. maypoles. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. There is variety in the walks. too. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. brick. accent this prime focal point even more.

P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 26.Calendula officinalis.P. fragrans. 25.Nigella damascena.odoratissimum. winter 27.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Satureja montana.53.Viola tricolor.acerifolium. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. Thymus × citriodorus. 51. love-in. lemon 29. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. wild 28.50.Chrysanthemum balsamita.quercifolium. Johnny-jump. 1.P.Chenopodium botrys. pot 52. 49. musty oakscented geranium 5. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.

Poncirus trifoliata. bronze 38. 44. blue hyssop 10. 61.Laurus nobilis. lemon-rose geranium 22. chamomile 8. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.P.Tanacetum vulgare var. 57. bee balm 63.Salvia officinalis.Salvia caerulea. wild thyme 31. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Acorus calamus. fern-leaf 'Nana'. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . 62. denticulatum.Melissa officinalis. 71. strawberry 48. graveolens. camphor-scented geranium 69.P.P.P.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon geranium 33. salad 42. peppermint 67. rose geranium66. crispum 'Minor'. sweet flag 16. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. pheasant's. 64. cherry tomato chive 17. glutinosum. lettuce 40. bay 20. fern-leaf 60. forsythia 'Albus'.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Artemisia abrotanum.Myrtus communis.Petroselinum crispum. denticulatum 11. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Anethum graveolens. golden lemon thyme 7. radens. box 19.72.P.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Achilleafilipendula. arcticus43.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Forsythia.Fragaria vesca.Levisticum officinale. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. lettuce 39. garden sage 54. French tarragon Rose'. tomentosum. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Mentha. lemon balm 45.Foeniculum vulgare. crispum. white sweet yarrow violet 13. Rosmarinus officinalis. orange geranium 23. crowfoot 70.Livingston'.Monarda didyma. 41. lemon 47.P.Mentha pulegium. white creeping thyme geranium 68. radens 'Dr.Thymus praecox subsp.Poterium sanguisorba.Malus.P. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.P. parsley 35.Viola odorata.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. 58. rosemary 9.Marrubium vulgare. English lavender 32.Malus angustifolia. horehound 46.Artemisia dracunculus var. lime geranium 55. sweet 37. pine crispum. lemon geranium 56. lemon 65.P.Allium senescens var. classic 21. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Allium schoenoprasum. Hyssopus officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.× nervosum.6. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.P.Aloysia triphylla.P.Origanum dictamnus. Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium crispum. dill 36.P.Thymus serpyllum.Origanum majorana.P.

with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. green santolina. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. In keeping with this feeling. < previous page page_66 next page > . This is a large garden by any standard. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. and Allium karataviense. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. too. The result is one of sculptured elegance. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia frigida. big blue lilyturf 12. gray 10. winter savory 9.Thymus × citriodorus.Foeniculum vulgare. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 11.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. wormwood fennel 2. 8.Allium christophii. 15. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Florence B.Allium moly.Liriope muscari.Levisticum officinale. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. garden sage 18.Salvia officinalis. green santolina 14. blue hyssop 16.Satureja montana. Mentha suaveolens. arcticus. dwarf garden 17. Santolina virens. apple mint 13. fringed 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus. French tarragon schoenoprasum. 1. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Baker.Allium sativa. chive 4.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

and the front porch of the house. Many herb gardens could provide this. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the circle. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. for the box after new spring growth. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the square. < previous page page_70 next page > . The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. the upper deck.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

viola 3. winter savory 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Chamaemelum nobile.Cedrus deodara.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. lemon 8.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf myrtle 6.Cupressus sempervirens.Satureja montana. Italian cypress 9. dwarf edging box 7. chamomile 2.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . 1.

< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. from Peter Coats. Paths are gravel. Roses. Coin with Tudor rose design. as it was with this plan. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > .

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

winter 32.Mentha spicata.The number in each planting area is the key number.Petroselinum crispum.Calendula officinalis. rosemary 16. saffron lily crocus 12. Foeniculum vulgare. 22.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lilium candidum. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Fumaria officinalis.Crocus sativus.Aconitum napellus. chamomile 4. mallow 13.Melissa officinalis. classic myrtle 18. Eryngium maritimum. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Viola tricolor. Madonna 23. rue 33. 19. pot marigold 15. spearmint 30.Mentha × piperita.Crithmum maritimum.Iris pseudacorus.Viola odorata. salad burnet 10. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Satureja montana. yellow flag 26. oxlip 17. parsley 29.Carum carvi.Buxus sempervirens. lettuce 28.Bellis perennis.Ruta graveolens. clove20. earth 24. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. sweet violet 6.Myrtus communis. 34.Fragaria vesca. caraway 35. Malva sylvestris. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. Hyssopus officinalis. wild thyme 5. sweet marjoram 3.Lavandula angustifolia. monkshood27.Anemone pulsatilla. 25. absinthe peppermint 8.Primula vulgaris. Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop 2.Lactuca sativa.Primula elatior. lemon balm 31. English daisy 36. Thymus serpyllum. Origanum majorana. fennel 21. Dianthus caryophyllus.

A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden." Concrete blocks. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. white blooms and woolly. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. its tufted. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. but Always Love. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . white. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. silver mound. Selected for this reason. along with a measure of fragrance. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. spurred. However. plumed. most of the blooms are nightscented. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden.

Thymus 'Argenteus'. horehound 2. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. silver mound artemisia 3.Marrubiam vulgare.Lilium candidum.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Dictamnus albus. sweet 31.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Galanthus nivalis. white . pink 15. petunia 30. silver 16. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. 1. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. lamb's. 'Albus'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Stachys byzantina.Galium odoratum. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. 17. white 32.19.

sweet violet 20. Artemisia absinthium. lavender 12. Artemisia lactiflora.Convallaria majalis. Yucca filamentosa. lily-ofthe-valley 11. albula.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. white stock absinthe 10. 26. orris 8.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Lunaria annua. needle florentina. 23. tuberose 36. white 22. clary 24. daffodil 35. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. tulip 38.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. rose 41.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Artemisia stellerana.Salvia sclarea.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Matthiola incana.Artemisia ludoviciana. 28. moonflower 39. Viola odorata. white 27.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. rose 40.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dame's honesty rocket 14.Ipomoea alba. beach mugwort wormwood 9. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .21.Rosa 'Cinderella'. Adam's. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. western mugwort 7.6. 25.Polianthes tuberosa. tulip 37.Hesperis matronalis.Iris × germanica var.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.

A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. and fragrances usually considered characteristic.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. Many of these herbs lack the hues. too. < previous page page_76 next page > . Rather. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. required their use as an educational adjunct. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. This herb garden. related to an old mill reconstruction. textures. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

48.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Urtica dioica. Boehmeria nivea.Hydrastis canadensis. onion China jute 4.Reseda luteola. African 45. 34. yellow 55. fuller's 30.Coptis trifolia. woad Susan laevifolium. flax 21. Scotch broom hemp 7.Pteridium aquilinum. 53. 20.Tagetes erecta.Dipsacus sativus.Convallaria majalis. 26.Cotinus coggygria. 37. barberry teasel woodruff 12. madder 54. weld 57. queen.Genista tinctoria. 22.Rudbeckia hirta.Tagetes patula. 35. sisal 27.Galium verum. Agave sisalana.Phytolacca americana. Musa textilis.Solidago species. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Ligustrum vulgare. 1. 28. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Carthamus tinctorius.Chelidonium majus.Genista germanica.Hypericum perforatum.Morus rubra or alba. Agave fourcroydes. lily. sumac poke 17.Galium odoratum. Manila 25. sweet 49. golden 40. blueberry 13. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Cytisus scoparius. dyer's 31.Berberis vulgaris.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.38. Sansevieria trifasciata. 43.Anthemis tinctoria.Coreopsis tinctoria. St. bee 36.Indigofera tinctoria.46. 23. garden 56.Isatis tinctoria.Agrimonia eupatoria. peach bracken sorrel 19.Anchusa officinalis.Viburnum acerifolium. ramie 24. 29. black-eyed 50. henequen marigold bearberry 8. goldthread 41. 39.Sanguinaria canadensis.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Parmelia conspersa. dyer's broom safflower 6. alkanet 52.Mahonia aquifolium. 47.Monarda didyma.Furcraea hexapetala.51. privet marigold 15.Cladrastis lutea.Crocus sativus. stinging nettle44. Hibiscus cannabinus. Abutilon theophrasti. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. 32. broad 42. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . French 33.Prunus persica. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Linum usitatissimum.Filipendula ulmaria. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Rhus typhina..Rumex obtusifolius.Rubia tinctorum.Rumex acetosa.Allium cepa. Gossypium hirsutum.

< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. as well as the roses. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. < previous page page_78 next page > . Elsewhere. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. A totally appealing edging. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Seven Sisters'. 'White Rose of York' 3. 1. 22. rambler 19. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Marie Pavic' 8. rambler 20. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 24. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. cl. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 18. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Sombreuil'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. Legras de St. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Queen of the Prairies'. cl. 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. cl. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 25. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 23. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'American Pillar'.

abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.A. 28.A. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.B.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. graveolens var.L. dulce 50.C. oleracea 'Prima'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. 48. dulce 'Utah 5270'. 25. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. 32. lycopersicum var.A. melongena 2. 40. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.A.B. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. C. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.A. eggplant 43. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.A. C. C. leek 5. C. 45. garlic chive 44. ruby swiss chard var. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. curly eggplant parsley 23. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. 22. annuum 'Black Prince'.Apium graveolens var.C. tuberosum. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.B. annuum 'Pinocchio'.C. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. annuum 'Fips'. 26.A.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. C. cherry tomato 34.sativa 'Ruby'.C. cepa Proliferum Group. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.Cichorium intybus.B. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. graveolens 'French Dinant'.C. red 38. giant garlic var. C. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. oleracea 'Green Parade'.B. graveolens var. annuum 'Red Boy'. pear Purple Vienna'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.L.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. Beauty'.annuum 'Floral Gem'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. melongena 1. C. shallot Lakes'.esculentum 'Long Black'.Solanum melongena var. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. red-flowered kale 6.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. 24. Capsicum annuum var. sprouts celery 8. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.S.A. celery Bed 9.B.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. dulce 47. crispum 'Banquet'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.A.B.C. white-flowered kale 49.B.B. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. annuum 'Nosegay'. Boerner. celery I 31. schoenoprasum. annuum 'Teno'. celery Group. 27. chive 42. 39. scorodoprasum. annuum 'Mosaic'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. 29. annuum 'Golden Bell'. 30. graveolens var.B. Petroselinum crispum var. kohlrabi Rock'. red 37.S. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.B. annuum 'Variegata'.

< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. When viewed from the terrace above. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. arcs. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. All of the circles. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. for each is a complete entity. winter savory. and golden thyme.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. 19.P.Ilex glabra. The number in each planting area is the key number. crispum 'Prince Rupert'..P. apricot geranium28. Livingston'. graveolens. P. gooseberry geranium 24.P. A. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .P. Santolina virens. × domesticum 6.' lemon geranium 23. winter 13. crispum. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.Melissa R. crispum 'French Lace.P.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. Marshall. odoratissimum. 15.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. rose geranium 27. lemon geranium 22. Satureja montana. peppermint 26. P. inkberry geranium 9. grossularioides.P. golden 11. 1.P.P. Assoc.P. scabrum. pungent-scented geranium 25. × nervosum 'Torento'. 29.P.Myrica pensylvanica. oak-leaved geranium 16.P.A.S. Teucrium chamaedrys. acerifolium.× nervosum. orange geranium 8.L. radens 'Dr.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. germander crowfoot geranium 21.P.P. lime geranium Rose'. rose-scented geranium 4. tomentosum. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. apple gray santolina geranium 3. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. P. 12. 17. Landscape Architect.P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P. maple-leaved 18. green 14.

sand. To ease the care for a more complicated design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. Maintenance is high for a knot. 1.Hyssopus officinalis.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. blue hyssop 3. or marble chips. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. such as a dwarf edging box. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. filled with plants that have contrasting color. English lavender 2. texture. closed knot design. . which is framed with a brick edging. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates.Lavandula angustifolia. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Santolina virens. and growth to the plants of the knot design. For the knot to look its best at all times. was planted using edging box only. Its interspaces can be mulched. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. on page 37. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. especially when it is blooming." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design.

Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1. green santolina 2. gray santolina 3. dwarf edging box 4.

caraway thyme 9. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. rosemary creeping thyme 2.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. which are confined to that area. 1. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. praecox subsp.T. variegated garden sage . Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. In another departure from the usual. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 'Munstead'. white 7.officinalis 'Tricolor'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. The knot material is maintained at six inches. Teucrium chamaedrys. creeping thymes. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. 8. herba-barona.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple variegated 11. arcticus 'Coccineus'.T. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.S.Thymus praecox subsp. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. arcticus 'Albus'. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. which is found more often out in the open. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. the height of the edging. fig 4. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Some maintenance is required for clipping.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. gray santolina 2. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium canadense. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender .< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. American germander 3.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. germander .

gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

adding another facet to an appealing design. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. which are also laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. a complement for the colors of the plant material. again laid on edge. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. pleasing color. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. each one a quarter-circle.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. < previous page page_88 next page > . The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Marrubium incanum. blue sage 13. angustifolia 'Rosea'. 16. dwarf gray santolina 20.Salvia argentea. silver sage 15. tree artemisia 26. silver thyme 6.Lavandula dentata var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. dwarf 12.Artemisia arborescens. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. tree germander 22. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. Russian sage 24.Helichrysum angustifolium.The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina neapolitana 10. glaucum 11.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Leontopodium alpinum.Thymus 'Argenteus'. gray santolina 2. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. curry plant 7.Allium senescens var. French lavender 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Stachys byzantina. lavender 5.Crithmum maritimum.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Anthemis marschalliana. fern-leaf yarrow 27. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Anthemis tinctoria. samphire14. golden marguerite 25. lavender 9. woolly yarrow 23.Teucrium fruticans. 17. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender 8.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. silver horehound 19. candicans.Artemisia frigida.Dianthus × caryophyllus. rue 21.Salvia clevelandii.

< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. < previous page page_90 next page > . Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. thyme. If one is familiar with herbs. which include hanging baskets. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Styles of containers. sweet marjoram. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. As with other plant material. lady's-mantle. Some are rosemary. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. and the savories. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. The color of the container plays a lesser role. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. basil. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. are without number. oregano. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs.

< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. < previous page page_91 next page > .

Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

LandscapeArchitect. However. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.A. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. A. such an outlay would be unwarranted.L. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Of course supervision is necessary.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. If children's interest is not sustained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.S. < previous page page_95 next page > .

< previous page page_96 next page > . These are ''old roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs." selected for their greater fragrance. Just keep a garden design for children simple. they are easily handpicked. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Instead of benches on the patio. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Children in this age group can help with the construction. A sundial can be fun and also educational. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. too.

.L. A.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. Landscape Architect.

Petroselinum crispum var.Calendula officinalis. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Anethum graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. neapolitanum. lovage 12.Allium moly.Isatis tinctoria. 19. damask rose 32. ambrosia 2. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Italian parsley 23.Salvia sclarea. cottage pink 18. crispum.Allium tuberosum. catnip 27. horehound 26.Artemisia abrotanum. glaucum 31. lily leek 30.Rosa gallica.Nepeta cataria. 1. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. 20. southernwood 5. clary 25. Borago officinalis. 16.Artemisia camphorata. garlic chive 29.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum majorana.Chenopodium botrys. pot marigold 8. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 13.Satureja hortensis. alpine strawberry 3.Allium sativum var. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garden sage 24. borage 15.Rosa damascena. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Tropaeolum minus. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. dwarf 6.Allium senescens var. Dianthus plumarius.The number in each planting area is the key number.Hedeoma pulegioides. summer savory 22. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . English lavender 7. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. love-in-a-mist 14. dill pennyroyal 11. Nigella damascena.Lavandula angustifolia. ophioscorodon.rocambole 28. English lavender 4.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis. American 21.

All are inviting to the touch. are a seal and a turtle. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. previously used as a skating rink. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. < previous page page_98 next page > . was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The sculptures. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The oval. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. not noted on the plan. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden.

< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F.A. Landscape Architect. .R.A.

lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. fat-hen Primula veris. bee orchid Erigeron. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. chive dandelion Allium sativum. English Tussilago farfara. tansy Monarda didyma. mint Tagetes. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. chamomile Mentha. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. bee balm Satureja montana. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. dog violet Lemna. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. Nepeta cataria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. mint Galium odoratum. duckweed Antennaria. marigold Salvia officinalis. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. Trifolium pratense. cowslip Linaria. Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Greek Stachys byzantina. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens.Hedeoma pulegioides. coltsfoot Mimulus. fleabane Stellaria. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. winter savory Mentha. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. borage Tanacetum vulgare. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Allium schoenoprasum.

An herb garden exposure is important in any location. a mint. its wooden structure long gone. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. are superb for displaying potted herbs. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. an exceedingly long one. feverfew. for an old barn foundation of stone.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. Its plant list. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Still. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. it is a most satisfying growing situation. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Their height eases the task of weeding. Here. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. < previous page page_101 next page > . developed particularly for study. A number of wooden window frames. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Instead. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. and old barn beams another about the same height.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

calamint valerian 24. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.S.Myrrhis odorata. pot marigold 25. viper's 65.O. richardii subsp. lemon verbena 106.49.Teucrium chamaedrys. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angelica lemon geranium 5.T.Pulmonaria officinalis. golden lemon thyme 99. catmint 63. southernwood houseleek 12.Angelica archangelica. 45.Poterium sanguisorba. winter savory 88. 66. absinthe 51. foxglove cypress spurge 21. graveolens. didyma 'Rosea'.Levisticum officinale. odorous thyme 104. sweet violet 40. apple wormwood geranium 8. southernwood ground cherry 10. praecox subsp.Calendula officinalis. plantain 80.Campanula rapunculus. sweet 53. purple basil English lavender 18.Digitalis lanata. 50. fern-leaf tansy 95.Alchemilla vulgaris. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.Aloysia triphylla.Hypericum perforatum. 1. silver thyme 105. beach 47. golden marjoram 26. sweet cicely 94. wormwood germander 9.O.P.Agastache cana.T.T.T.Tanacetum vulgare var. 44. 48.Chelidonium majus. golden variegated garden sage 86.A. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 43.A. pink 58. lemon 52.Rubia tinctorum. celandine madder 79. pot marjoram bugloss 27. lesser 67. pallasianus. wild lemon basil ginger 16. mosquito plant 19. marsh mallow 13.Campanula persicifolia. rose sativa.Lychnis coronaria. creeping veronica . rue 83.Althaea officinalis.Viola tricolor. 61. alpine savory 89.T. crispum.A. officinalis 'Aurea'. balm horehound 14.O.P.Viola odorata. praecox subsp. × citriodorus.Ocimum basilicum. bee balm57.Plantago major.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet celandine marjoram 28. arcticus 'Albus'. sweet 41. Roman 46.Monarda didyma. skirret 90. odoratissimum.Stachys officinalis. Grecian 59.O. 42. abrotanum.Valeriana officinalis. 62.Genista tinctoria.P.-John'swort 91.Hyssopus officinalis.O. basilicum 56. lemon thyme 100.T 'Argenteus'.Sium sisarum. pontica.Marrubium vulgare. stellerana.Melissa officinalis. 54. thyme 102. variegated garden sage 87.Digitalis purpurea. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.T. French tarragon geranium 7.A. purple variegated garden sage 85.Chrysanthemum balsamita. basilicum 'Minimum'.Asarum canadense. camphor.T.Calamintha grandiflora. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Nepeta mussinii. absinthium. basil blue hyssop 15. nitidus.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. 55.Achillea millefolium.Satureja montana. 'Clear Gold'. tomentosum.T. rosemary 82.Echium vulgare.Ranunculus ficaria.Euphorbia cyparissias.A. garden sage 84.Acinos alpinus. crimson creeping thyme 96. bee balm lovage 20. rampion 81.M.Stachys grandifora 93.Agastache foeniculum. caraway thyme 103. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. onites. woolly thyme 101. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Sempervivum tectorum.Pelargonium crispum.S.Ruta graveolens. rose costmary campion 23. yarrow herb Robert 4. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. St.Veronica serpyllifolia.A. 'Purpurascens'.S.Geranium robertianum. foxglove 2. herba-barona.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. golden thyme 98. camphorata.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis. 64. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. 60. majorana. betony 92.Physalis heterophylla. white creeping thyme 97.Galium odoratum.

Dianthus plumarius 75. chicory 70. 114.Symphytum officinale.Anthriscus cerefolium. 73. yucca 109.Mentha suaveolens.Veronica officinalis.Cichorium intybus. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Laurus nobilis.A.cepa. × gentilis. Madonna lily leucanthemum. veronica 108.Chamaemelum nobile. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Myrtus communis.Chrysanthemum 78. garlic 111.Chrysanthemum 74. apple mint 69. Proliferum Group. suaveolens 'Variegata'. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Prunus pensylvanica.Origanum vulgare. cowslip 72. orach115.M.Atriplex hortensis. dyer's woad 110. moth 113.Primula veris. tree onion 112.Verbascum thapsus.A.Sorbaria sorbifolia. red mint comfrey 33.M. pin cherry 39. spearmint 107.Helichrysum angustifolium. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. 71. evening 77. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. wild 116. 76.Lysimachia vulgaris. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. × piperita var. orange mint 32.Lilium candidum. blattaria.M.Allium sativum.Origanum dictamnus. feverfew cinerariifolium.Oenothera biennis. curry plant mullein 35. chamomile 30. chervil 68.V.Yucca filamentosa. citrata.M.29. pineapple mint 31. spicata. ostrowskianum 34.Isatis tinctoria.

< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. its outline constructed of brick. not just hiding it. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Francis. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. but not obvious. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. < previous page page_104 next page > . This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A wheelshaped bed. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. of good proportion for the size of the opening. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. A statue of St. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

Vetiveria zizanioides. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. Eleocharis dulcis. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. cat Watsonia rosea. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. lion's-ear prismaticum. poet's Solidago californica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. Eriobotrya japonica. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. Cestrum nocturnum. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. labdanum Cistus crispus. loquat Cichorium intybus. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. only those not found on other lists are noted here. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. potato Brassica eruca. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. AREA VI japonica. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. white Justicia carnea. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. AREA IV Ixia maculata. menthifolia.

< previous page page_106 next page > . but also for proper leaf size. to name a few. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. emphasizes the circle. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. not only for hardiness where needed. scented-leaf geraniums. an "old rose" and fragrant. The exterior brick path. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. another a Mary garden. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. and a third a culinary garden. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. is a center of interest. One is a garden of legends. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. or potpourri. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

yellow 25.The number in each planting area is the key number. English thyme 13.Allium schoenoprasum. flax 17.Brassica nigra.Crocus sativus. Linum usitatissimum.Mentha spicata. chive bedstraw 16.Origanum majorana. dill 11. saffron crocus marigold 7. rue 28. angelica 2.Galium verum.Ornithogalum umbellatum. sweet marjoram basil 12.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.20. Hyssopus officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Calendula officinalis.Lamium album. English ivy rosemary 8. Chamaemelum nobile. hyssop rose 9. garden up sage 10.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Anethum graveolens.Alchemilla vulgaris. Viola tricolor. black 23. pot 26. costmary 6. lady's.Hedera helix.Ruta graveolens. spearmint 22. chamomile 3. Artemisia absinthium. 1. Chrysanthemum balsamita. 27. absinthe 4.Narcissus mustard 14. blue 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . white dead 24.19. pyrethrum 5. sweet 21. Angelica archangelica. Johnny-jump. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.

a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. < previous page page_108 next page > . On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest.

rue Malva alcea var. Artemisia absinthium. clove Marrubium vulgare. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. blue Lamium maculatum. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. Cotinus coggygria. beach Monarda didyma. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. Russian 'Prostratus'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . angustifolia 'Hidcote'. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. fastigiata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. sweet Myrtus communis. Myrrhis odorata. bay Echeveria × imbricata. perennial flax Galium odoratum. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. peppermint Laurus nobilis. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon balm Mentha spicata. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. spearmint Mentha × piperita. thyme Cnicus benedictus. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'.

but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. Appropriately used as accents. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. < previous page page_110 next page > . millstones. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. simply on a smaller scale. features a closed knot of superior design. too. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. and huge. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. The generous use of edgings.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. This is a general rule observed. Viewed from the terrace garden. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary.

germander 2.L. that of good proportion. 'Tiny Rubies'. of greater size than is commonly found. The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 7. Design plan of herb garden 1. and the mulch. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S. cheddar pink 4.Santolina virens. angustifolia 'Munstead'. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. green santolina 6.Teucrium chamaedrys. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. A.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architect. lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop 3.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. six feet in diameter. Routine clipping is required.A. dwarf box .Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. has its size dictated by a rule of design.

black haw Prunus americana. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. box Calycanthus fioridus. dogwood Pinus nigra. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. goat willow Sassafras albidum. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. honey locust Cornus florida. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. quince Magnolia virginiana. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. plum Prunus maritima. shadbush Salix caprea. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. beach plum Corylus avellana. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. japonica. box Myrica pensylvanica.

its plant material varied. Salvia. As a rule. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. silver thyme T. Rosmarinus. Lavandula. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. arcticus T. and a miscellany of others. However. praecox subsp. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. leucotrichus T. 'Doone Valley' . 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. Currently. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. 'Argenteus'. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Annie Hall' T. doerfleri T. caraway thyme T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. praecox subsp. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. herba-barona.

angustifolia 'Munstead' L. heterophylla. praecox subsp.T. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. woolly thyme T. English lavender L. angustifolia subsp. golden rosemary R. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. pine-scented rosemary R. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. purple variegated garden sage S. involucrata. Mexican bush sage S. golden thyme T. golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Aurea'. blue sage S. arcticus 'Coccineus'. leucantha. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Purpurea'. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. anise sage S. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet lavender L. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. officinalis 'Prostratus'. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. guaranitica. angustifolia. praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme T. dentata. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. angustissimus. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. ramie . angustifolia subsp. 'Clear Gold'. autumn sage S. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. greggii.

Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. horsetail. The apple trees. Prunella vulgaris. family needsmedicinal. to sweeten the air. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. obedient plant. L. Primarily. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. a well beside the house. Hesperis matronalis. for scrubbing pots. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. The house. culinary. balmony. Herniaria glabra. Physostegia virginiana. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. constructed of brick made on the property. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Circumstances determined these priorities. Equisetum arvense. Smith. Sium sisarum. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. rupturewort. Cheloneglabra. to lure bees. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. which were located between the water supply. used in salads or boiled.

This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. too. Today. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. while functional. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. for a few are in use now. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. < previous page page_116 next page > . These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. too. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

wisteria 13.Punica granatum. Gardenia jasminoides.Malus angustifolia. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lonicera flava.Allium sativum. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Laurus nobilis. fig 6. rosemary 2. 1.Sambucus canadensis.Ficus carica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Lagerstroemia indica. pomegranate 3.Pinus taeda.Prunus angustifolia. southern laciniata. bay 7. Cape jasmine 10. Banksia rose 14. garlic 9.Rosa banksiae. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. yellow 12.Syringa × persica var.Wisteria frutescens. trumpet 11.Lonicera sempervirens. 16. 15.Rosmarinus officinalis.

All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The effect would be quite different without them. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. too. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. < previous page page_118 next page > . The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Appropriately. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Italy. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

foxglove 41. peppermint 52.Cimicifuga racemosa. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Acorus calamus.Lavandula angustifolia. sativa. horsemint lobelia 23.Agrimonia eupatoria. lemon 26. St.Pulmonaria officinalis.Crocus sativus.Hypericum perforatum. 68. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Asclepias tuberosa. mullein 49.Galium odoratum. black 29. borage 31.Ocimum basilicum.Elizabeth Lawrence. sweet flag marigold 24.Calendula officinalis. catnip 34. balm autumn crocus 2.Lindera benzoin. saffron crocus 25. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . American holly 16. rue 56.Monarda punctata.Vinca minor.Tanacetum vulgare.Lobelia siphilitica. sweet 27.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Borago officinalis. peony 51. 63. 37. 61. 33. dogwood horehound 18.Foeniculum vulgare. 1.Hamamelis virginiana. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Teucrium chamaedrys.Anethum graveolens. blue 46. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chamaemelum nobile. great 47.Artemisia abrotanum. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Artemisia dracunculus var.Punica granatum.Nepeta cataria. garden sage 59.Ilex opaca. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Symphytum officinale.Calycanthus fioridus.Asarum virginicum. 66.Levisticum officinale.Rosa laevigata.Mentha pulegium.Gaultheria procumbens. butterfly 32.Colchicum autumnale. dill 39. 42.Digitalis purpurea. myrtle 53.Pinckneya pubens. fuller's teasel 67.Salvia officinalis. pot 48.Paeonia officinalis.Cassia marilandica. lovage 35. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 30.Xanthoriza simplicissima. hyssop sassafras 20. basil chive 3. agrimony 58.57. 54. 45. 43. sweet shrub 10. tansy 65.Achillea millefolium. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Sassafras albidum.Rosmarinus officinalis. 38.Laurus nobilis.Mentha spicata.Mentha × piperita.Allium schoenoprasum. bee balm 28.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 60.Cornus florida. 70.Marrubium vulgare. box chamomile 9. 55. wild ginger69. yaupon pink southernwood 12. fennel 40. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. yellow-root 7.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lilium candidum.Ruta graveolens. blue 44.Armoracia rusticana.Populus balsamifera.Hyssopus officinalis.Dipsacus sativus. 50.Rubus allegheniensis.Monarda didyma. sweet 64. spearmint 62. clove 36.Verbascum thapsus.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. senna woodruff 15.Chimaphila umbellata. yarrow lungwort 22.Melissa officinalis.Ilex vomitoria. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Dianthus caryophyllus.Buxus sempervirens.Lonicera sempervirens.

< previous page page_120 next page > . This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. of herbs for one loaf of bread.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. In any event. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. 1 T. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. and fragrances they developed. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. preventives. This is true for the remedies. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning.

apothecary's rose 22.Lavandula angustifolia. absinthe 9.Digitalis purpurea.Satureja montana.Mentha spicata. 14. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . pot marigold 2. winter savory 4.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis. quince 24. lavender lovage 3.Nepeta cataria.Artemisia absinthium.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. peppermint 18.Monarda punctata.Viburnum prunifolium.Carum carvi. spearmint 17. sweet marjoram 6.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. horsemint 20. catnip 16. 1.Tanacetum vulgare.Pyrus communis. foxglove 12.Ocimum basilicum. Calendula officinalis.Mentha × piperita. opium poppy 5.Hyssopus officinalis. black haw 23. horehound 15.Cydonia oblonga. tansy 11. English 10.Origanum majorana. blue hyssop 21. English thyme rosemary 7. garden sage 8.Papaver somniferum.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis. caraway 19. sweet basil 13.

centrally located.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. < previous page page_122 next page > . and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. Some could be used singly. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. one dated 1759. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. for example the large square bed with circular path. makes it something of a focal point. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The beds are used to achieve balance. Allowed such freedom of expression. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. Thus it was for this garden. Shaded by hop vines. and if the best has not always survived. often it is reconstructed. from early Moravian settlements. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. the other 1761. to study it. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. and bricks raise the beds. The main paths of brick unify the garden.

Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Campbell. A.S.A.L. .

Gelsemium sempervirens.Levisticum officinale. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. 48. sorrel 65. rhubarb 10. yarrow 4. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. parsley 32. lemon 64.Mentha spicata. hyssop maypop 42. hop southernwood 39.Alcea rosea. corn poppy 79. stock 50.Lilium candidum. marsh mallow 7.Artemisia abrotanum. red pepper 20. elecampane 11.Ficus. clove 53. balm chive 37.Matthiola incana.Saponaria officinalis.Coriandrum sativum. cockscomb 47. damask coriander rose 19. virgin's bower 40.Lagerstroemia indica. dill 73. 81.Cnicus benedictus. polyanthus narcissus 60. orach 76.Hyssopus officinalis.Carum carvi.Origanum majorana.Amaranthus caudatus.Ocimum basilicum. holy thistle 58.Artemisia vulgaris.Inula helenium.Colchicum autumnale. cabbage angustifolia. absinthe 45. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Asparagus officinalis. dwarf nasturtium 13.Borago officinalis. sweet 71. sweet 55.Rosa centifolia. redbud 24.Rheum rhabarbarum.Dianthus caryophyllus.Rosa eglanteria.Foeniculum vulgare.Aquilegia vulgaris. comfrey 33. grape larkspur 41. catnip 70.Rumex acetosa.Rosa damascena.Salvia officinalis.Vitis.Nepeta cataria. columbine 29.Hydrangea quercifolia.Tanacetum vulgare.Consolida ambigua. 52.Artemisia absinthium.Salvia sclarea. 1.Papaver rhoeas.Melissa officinalis. 66.Narcissus tazetta.Rosa moschata.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. hollyhock 51. spearmint 57.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. 68. black cumin 46.Rubia tinctorum.Magnolia grandiflora. Carolina jessamine 38. garlic lungwort 36.Tropaeolum minus. 74. rosemary49. rue 14.Clematis virginiana. asparagus 31.Salvia viridis.Cornusflorida.Crocus sativus.Symphytum officinale.Anethum graveolens.Petroselinum crispum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tropaeolum majus.Silybum marianum. autumn crocus 34.Mentha × piperita.Rosmarinus officinalis. daisy crape myrtle 23.Pulmonaria officinalis. blessed thistle 8. saffron peppermint crocus 35. French rose 18.Atriplex hortensis.Stachys officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. tansy 6. Madonna lily 59.Passiflora incarnata. love.Allium sativum. borage 5. garden nasturtium 12. chestnut rose 43.77. chamomile 17.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 54. blue 69. lavender rose 21. horehound 56.Humulus lupulus. English 78. 62. basil moss rose 44. blue 63. 80.Bellis perennis. clary 30.Rosa roxburghii. garden sage 15.Chamaemelum nobile. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Armoracia rusticana.Scabiosa atropurpurea. English thyme 2. lovage 9. madder 16.Achillea millefolium.Rosa gallica. mugwort67.Cercis canadensis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Celosia cristata. fennel marjoram 28.Narcissus poeticus.Ruta graveolens. eglantine Group. betony 82. annual clary 3.Nigella sativa. poet's narcissus 61. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Marrubium vulgare. caraway 72.Althaea officinalis.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. A ravine and existing. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). Thus. First. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Usually this is least desirable. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. it is proper to make a trial run. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. the western. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Although some observations may seem obvious. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. far from the house. even boggy. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. This space was never adequate. and the north point is established. The lesser the scale. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The next most desirable exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Calluna (heather).

and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. all four sides are so determined. 127 indicates. Indeed. a driveway on still another. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. as the drawing on p. It was a pleasurable assignment. but it need not be identical. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The outline is fixed. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The new herb garden has been located. and the property line on the last. single bed. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Then. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The general outline is similar. certainly not precisely the same. Culinary herbs will fill a large. 77 provided the needed inspiration. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed.ground where drainage is better. another is close to the rear of the house. There is the housegarage structure on one side. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The. and the search did not take long. < previous page page_126 next page > . The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs.

The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. forming the outer boundary of the service path. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. then north. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. With the plan established. If all is well. In fact. If. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. In addition. There was no . this low wall will enclose the garden area. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. as in this case. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. Two drawings were required to work out problems. something is amiss. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

However. and the finished edging would be effective. eight. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. this was. admittedly. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. In this area. A structural edging was in order. In this case. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. At corners. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. however. Before edgings could be put in place. not one completed in a weekend. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. a lapped joint was fashioned. In the earlier stage of planning. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. . the eight-foot length was more practical. the site required some leveling. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. However. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

sand. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. leaves. Aged compost. but there are exits to different levels. Paving for the terraced area is brick. this same base underlies all the paths. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. Weeds. had been proof of that. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. This method of treatment now guarantees . selected for its simplicity. The pattern is running bond. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. The latter need to be more substantially paved. could serve this purpose.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. One is the ramp to the driveway. Heavy black plastic. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Unfortunately. for they will likely have more traffic. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. A choice of five colors was available. filling the beds with soil was next. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower.

It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . on a trial run of one course of brick. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. worth the added cost. However. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. even bed for the pavers.

The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. With the completion of the paths. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. and the steps to other levels. Sometimes called "rubble drains. In this instance. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. learned about decades earlier. the terraced area. French drains. for it would interfere with the drainage system. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. converging where it was logical to do so. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. Herbs have flourished in the beds. ." their construction can be somewhat varied. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. since that path borders the house. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains.

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AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. for example. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. albula. for example. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Its arrow points north and. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. not necessarily referable to botanical species. often a wall or trellis. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. in inches. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. sixteenths of an inch. is symmetrical. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. in tenths of an inch. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. twelfths of an inch. casts the shadow for the hour. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. a garden plan. having a variety of gradations. E EllipseAn oval. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. and so on. hundredths of an inch. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. and so on. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance.

Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. loose. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. heated especially by fermenting manure. or colored earths. rounded fragments of rock. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. a flat. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. GrindstoneMillstone. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross .3. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Pea gravelSmall. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. Usually a few inches thick. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. also called rubble drain. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. turf. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. ForthrightA straight course or path. a patterned garden. roofed structure usually open on the sides. its compartments filled with flowers. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. G GazeboA freestanding. M ManufactoryA factory. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine.brick) in the same course.3).

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.

SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. often planted with aromatic herbs. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. TreillageLatticework for vines. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. cutting. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. V VarietyA category below species. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. snug fit for walks. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Stone. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. or steps. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. called also a hose cock. < previous page page_132 next page > . not treelike or with a single trunk. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. W Wall. R Rose. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. Turf seatBanked-up earth. ranking between species and variety. walls.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree.

New York: G. and Garden. Hanging Plants for Home. ed. Batsford. Darrah. Flannery. P. Clarkson. Gertrude B. Frances A. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Seal. Robert Lee. 1966. John. New York: Macmillan. Kent: The Herb Farm. Baumgardt. 1958. Brookes. John Philip. Rosemary F. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday.: Geo. New York: Macmillan. Edlin. 1966. 1951. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Prof. New York: Viking Press. Carpenter. New York: Macmillan. 1951.. Coats. Rosetta E. 1973. Mo. 1980. Foster. T. Earle. How Plants Get Their Names. Behme.C. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Henry. New York: Hawthorne Books. Room Outside. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments.: Buckeye Printing Co. Liberty Hyde. 1962. Helen Morgenthau. 1963. Alice Morse. London: Macmillan. . John E. New York: Viking Press. Park's Success with Herbs. 1977. Foley. Cross. New York: Dover. and Accessories. Staff of. Beston. Fox. 14701670.. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms.. Herbs and the Earth. Jot. Crowe. New York: Simon and Schuster. Bailey. Agnes. H. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Herbals. Aurora. Sevenoaks. Garden City: Doubleday. 1971. Roses. . 1938. 1957. 1933. London. 1944. New York: Macmillan. . 1972. Julia S. L. Foster. 1972. Charlotte. Greenwood. L. London: Marshall Cavendish. 1970. Helen H. Hortus Third. Complements. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Putnam's Sons. 1902. Sydney: B. Margaret E. Green Enchantment. Herbsfor Every Garden. Toronto. London: Adam and Charles Black. Doran & Co. Terrace.. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. London: Saturn Press. Book of the Geranium. and Louden. Gertrude B. S. London: Country Life. 1979. Peter. Berrall. P. Bailey Hortorium. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1982. Harriet Ballard. Daniel J. The Small Garden. Brownlow. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Bardswell. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. The Herb Garden. H. British Plants.. W. 1935. 1980. 1942. New York: Crown Publishers. Independence. Erichsen-Brown. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sylvia. 1911. Garden Design. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. New York. Dutton & Co. 1971. 1976. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Park Seed Co. New York: E. 1961. The Cultivated Basils.

Patrick M. Robert. New York: Harper & Bros. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Walter. Johns. Mary U. Philippa.. 1979.. Landscaping with Vines. The Art of Dyeing. C. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. McFarland. Co. 1982. Hendrickson. Muenscher. Harold N. 1911. 1972. J. New York: Dover. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Miller. Gardens in Winter. Mass. Elizabeth. Roy.. Loewenfeld. Potter. and Back. 1964. Franco. Eleanour Sinclair. and Rice. Shaker Herbs. New York: Clarkson N. Jr. New York: Dover. Howard. Loewenfeld. Roses of the World in Color.. Paul B. . New York: Macmillan. Frederic. 1970. 1961. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Modern Herbal. 1981. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1974. The Herb Garden. Vicenza. Dorothy Bovee. Lathrop.. 1969. Mrs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1970. Grieve. Ann. Moldenke. 1959. London: George Routledge & Sons. ed. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1951. The Berry Book.. Rosengarten. Lawrence. 1976. Early American Gardens. 1975. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. New York: Macmillan.. Amy Bess. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Rev. New York: De La Mare. Leighton. Eigel. P. 1983. Boston. Toronto: Little. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. A Biblical Garden. Alma. 1976. The Book of Spices. How to Select. Vegetable Dyeing. 1966. Brown & Co. 1969. < previous page page_133 next page > . Alice Recknagel. The Concise Handbook of Roses. New York: Macmillan. 1975. London: Faber and Faber. George H. New York: Viking Press. Tucson: H. (1st American edition trans. Hamel.. Ireys. 1971. Kiaer. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Pa. chemist. Lawrence.) Rohde.. Lerner. Herbs. Adelma G. 1938. Sarah.: Chronica Botanica Co. How to Landscape Your Grounds. New York: Doubleday. Johnson. 1952. Norma Jean. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. A Garden of Herbs. Geraniums for Home and Garden. 1978. Horace. Grow and Enjoy. Division Billboard Publications. New York: Crown Publishers. Frances. 2d ed. New York: E. Claire.C.: Herald Publishing Co. Carol. 1974. Lesch. New York: Van Nostrand. Books. Neri. Dutton & Co. and Chiltoskey. Hay.. Claire. Italy. Bernard Hickey. New York: William Morrow and Co. Waltham.Garland. P. Jones... 1946. Simmons. and Alma L. N. and Brunello. Plants of the Bible. 1971. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Sylva. Cherokee Plants. M. 1981.: Livingston Pub. A. M. Myron. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Krauss. Helen K. 1973. Boston. Wynnewood. New York: William Morrow & Co. Loyal R. and Synge. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Flowers of the Field. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Pozza.

Christopher. Frank M. William T. New York: Hafner. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Bleecker.A. Mrs. Mrs.D.. Charles L. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mrs. Indianapolis. F. Neil Hamill Park. 1942. Smith. L. Campbell. L.. Vivian. Zohary. New ed.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Keebler.. ed. Gannaway. Onward and Upward in the Garden. L. Jr. Stuart. 1976. Robert G. William Radler. New York: Farrar. 1957. Wilson.A. George T. Sherry D. Winthrop G. Peter M. T. Toronto: Van Nostrand. 1953. Griffin. Mrs. . Diane C. New York: Simon & Schuster. Malcolm. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Amy Bess Miller. Revised by Dr. The Shakespeare Garden. L. Raymond V. Taloumis.. Charles Patch. William Y Dear. Melissa R. and Bell. Paxton. ed. Bates. The History of Gardens. Moffit. Jack Emil Geist. William W. 1961. New York: Doubleday.. Hines. 1975. McGarry. New York: William Morrow & Co. Singleton. Hale & Co. New York: St. Maxton Davies. London: Phoenix House. Climbing Roses Old and New. Norman. Z. Stearn. Herbs in the Garden. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Fragrance in the Garden. Elisabeth W. 1982..A. The Fragrant Garden. New York: Simon & Schuster. Wilder. Charlotte. Vt. A. Tarantino. New York: St. L. Bynam.L. A. Helen Noyes.A. Hammond Crawford. and Mrs. Martha Dahlen.. Vera Breed. Giroux. Esther. Small Gardens Are More Fun. 1962. 1966. Mrs.A.The Old Shrub Roses. Botanical Latin. and Robert B.A. L. Martin's Press. L. Mrs. Marion E. Mrs. Shrub Roses of Today. New York. Austin R. James C. Mr. White.L.. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Stearn. Associate. 1953. Leonard Dreyfuss. Louise Beebe. C.. Cozart. Martin. Ingersoll. Martin's. 1979. A. Virginia B. Mrs. New York: McGraw-Hill. Mrs. L. Nelva M.A. Graham Stuart. . Graham.. John Ormsbee. Mrs. Robert K. A. New York: Dover. Boerner. Pees... L.. Susan W. London: Phoenix House. Yang. Mrs. L.A. Mrs.A. 1972.A. L.. W. 1974.A.. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Jr. 1931. Lamm. Katherine S. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook.: Garden Way. Elizabeth Lawrence. W T. Philip Batchelder. 1979.. Container Gardening Outdoors.A. Morss.A.A. Taylor. 1979. 1972. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Rev. Linda. Leonie. Thomas. 1972. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Weber.S. Madalene Hill. Mrs.A. Building Stone Walls. Mrs. Berkeley Brandt. William C. Jo Lohmolder. Benjamin McF. Mrs. Sandy Hicks. Barbara Capen. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. The Fragrant Year.. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. Rhoda Specht. Straus. William T. Donald Paxton. Mrs. L. 1967. Boston: Ralph T. H. John.A. Baker. Mrs.. . Bush. Mrs. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. James D. George. 1976.S. 1965. Price. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Landscape Architecture. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Mrs. L.S. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Thacker. John Poinier. Marshall. Meyer. Michael. A.. Mrs.R. Herbert G. L. Bradner. Alfred L. New York. . Margaret Osborn Holt. Mrs. Jr. Henry Gund. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs.L..A... Webster. Plimpton..A.

L. Linda Yang. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Lawrence Schetky. Frederick E. Ohio. Mrs. Kingwood Center.. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Michigan State University. Helen M. Winston-Salem. James F. Milton Stricker. Mrs. Ga. Mrs.. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Faith H.I. Derthick. N. Wisc. Ann Arbor. Mrs. L.. University of Michigan. Booker Worthen. The following provided historical. Semple. Roberts. Christopher Rady. Atlanta Historical Society. Ark. Western Reserve Herb Society. Eric Duke Scott. Milton C. Plain Dealer Photo. Little Rock. Bailey. John A. Architect. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. civic. Ohio.. Eloise andJo Ray. N.. Christopher Spencer. Walter Rebmann. Shaker Community.A. N. Lansing. Weeks Brick House.Rady. Matthew Miksch House. Inc.A. Mansfield.. Greenland. Mr. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.. Mrs. Hales Corners. L.. Hancock.. Old Salem. R. Joe H. Atlanta.H. Nathan Sameth.A.. Smith (Ann Leighton).. Jean Ruh.. G. Gayle.C. Wilcox. Mrs..C. L. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Swanson. Mrs. Inc. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Timothy Procter Ruh. Mrs. Whitman. Edmund G.A.. Hancock Shaker Village. Mich. Cleveland. and Mrs. Old Slater Mill Museum. Mich.. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Harper. Pawtucket. Linda Yang. Mrs. Joan E. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Elbert Smith. Rose. Mass. The Country Doctor Museum. James S. L. Isadore L. Skinner. Talbot III. Milwaukee County Park Commission. < previous page page_134 next page > .

eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Myrrhis odorata. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . barbadensis A. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. officinalis. A. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. maritima L. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Y smalliana Agrimonia. azoricum. C. Narcissus triandrus. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. A. E.

Solanum aculeatissimum S. melongena var. ludoviciana var. F. V. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. acerifolium. V. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. false Galium aristatum. S. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. M. Lamium album Viburnum. grandiflorus Melissa M. Monarda didyma Crataegus. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. podagraria Asparagus A. laevis Rhododendron . P. lycopersicum. albula A. P. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. G. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. officinalis. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. officinalis Populus. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon.Apple crab gold love mad Malus.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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vulgaris A. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. P. M. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. coronaria . Mertensia virginica. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. deltoides Campsis radicans. chrysantha Symphytum S.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. alpina 'Alba' A. angustifolia. oleracea. B.

V.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. M. angustifolia. alpinum R. N. sativum R. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. B. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. macrocarpon. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . Campsis Cardamine pratensis. coronaria. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. M. B. alpinum R. C. ioensis Vaccinium. pseudonarcissus miniature N. Italian D Daffodil M. verna. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. maculatum G. V.

Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. A. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Hosta H. R. Ferocactus latispinus. H. Sansevieria. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. x superbum Hemerocallis. triphyllum . obtusifolius R. rivieri. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. C. T officinale Bellis. A. acetosa. crispus. frutescens C. lilioasphodelus H. D.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. lilioasphodelus. Chrysanthemum frutescens. obtusifolius Rumex R. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium.

damascena. S. Helichrysum. pungens Sambucus S. ragusina. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . N. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. Centaurea cineraria. azoricum Nigella. C. N. Senecio cineraria. C. arvensis. Gnaphalium.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Antennaria. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Lychnis coronaria. gymnocarpa. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. P. O. usitatissimum L.× germanica I. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. I. L. carica Corylus C. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. regalis Adiantum. A. perenne . joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. versicolor. carica F. Osmunda. I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum.

ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lutea Allium sativum A. I. sativum var. quercifolium P. Pelargonium. grossularioides P radens P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × germanica Myosotis M. scorodoprasum A. lanata D. purpurea D. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sylvatica Digitalis D. neapolitanum A. odoratissimum P. × hortorum P. × limoneum P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. tuberosum A. P. sphaerocephalum A. Fumaria C.

graveolens P. crispum P. A. A. Z. capitatum P. chamaedrys T. tomentosum P. quercifolium P. canadense. scabrum P graveolens P. officinale Z. tomentosum P. × jatrophifolium P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. glutinosum. T. denticulatum P. T. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. pratensis . quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. P. × citrosum P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. canadense T. Tragopogon. × nervosum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. abrotanifolium P.

Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . torquata E. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Oxalis deppei. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. nervosa V. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. M.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. C. V. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Vitis monticola.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. L. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Sempervivum Lobelia L. triacanthos G. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Pulmonaria . virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Lythrum. C. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Ophiopogon L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. G. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. W. majalis Liriope. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia.

officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. erecta T. erecta T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. lucida . patula Calendula officinalis T. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum M Mace. pedatum Hibiscus. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. M. Malva. A. alcea var. erecta T. C. grandiflora M. tenuifolia T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. Malva. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

requienii M. R. piperita var. dictamnus O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. citrata M. citrata M. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. vulgare O. majorana O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. vulgare 'Aureum' O. onites O. majorana O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. crispii M. O. × piperita var. major. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. A. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. citrata M. citrata. odorata Achillea millefolium. aquatica var. Spiraea alba. suaveolens 'Variegata' . Astrantia. vulgare O. suaveolens M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. × piperita var. S.

V. M. communis. alba Verbascum. V. Myrtus. rubra M. olympicum. Azolla caroliniana. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis M. lactiflora Morus M. Myrrhis odorata. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Umbellularia californica. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. thapsus V. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . A. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. vulgaris Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape.

V. L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. tazetta Tropaeolum T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. nudum. P. poeticus N. V. album L. majus T. minus T.

A. cepa A. fragrans Allium.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. O. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. hortensis A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. S. telephium Iris × germanica var. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. vulgare var. fistulosum A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. cepa. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. florentina. A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . fistulosum Atriplex. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. I. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. Castilleja californica. Scilla verna. fragrans O. Proliferum Group A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. cepa. C.

caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. A. pulsatilla Passiflora P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca. P. crispum P. crispum var.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. patens.

Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. A. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. album Ranunculus ficaria . frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Longum Group C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. annuum. Longum Group Capsicum. roseus C. C. Chenopodium. Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. frutescens C. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. C. C. annuum. annuum. Piper C. Grossum Group C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. paniculata P. Longum Group cone green C. retroflexus.

americana . C. taeda Chimaphila. umbellata var. caryophyllus D. watsonii P maritima P. angustifolia var. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. taeda P. Plantago P. M. plumarius. C. officinalis Dianthus D. P salicina P angustifolia. Silene laciniata. alpinus D. gratianopolitanus D. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. × paradisiaca.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius D. umbellata var. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. nigra P strobus P taeda P. P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Prunus japonica.

S. P. 0. carnea Phytolacca americana P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . rhoeas P. biennis P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. balsamifera P. vulgare Lithospermum. E. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. L.

canadensis C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum R. Hesperis . coccineum C. A. pepo C. sativum var. C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. C. P. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Diplotaxis. R. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.

canina R. Rosa chinensis R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana Kerria. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. damascena 'Bifera' R. × borboniana R. spinosissima R. × borboniana R. R. centifolia R. canina. Rubus coronarius R. laevigata R. gallica R. sativa Rosa R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. banksiae R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. × harisonii R. moschata . chinensis 'Minima' R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. damascena R.

S. Rosmarinus. sclarea S. R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. setigera R. guaranitica S. officinalis S. caerula. rugosa R. pitcheri S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. angustissimus R. greggii S. azurea subsp. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. microphylla S. officinalis Limonium R. Salvia hierosolymitana . scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. clevelandii S. × rehderana R.

maritimum E. P. elegans S. S. C. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. leucantha S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. leucophylla S. S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. chamaecyparissus S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. montana Scabiosa S. hebecarpa. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. marilandica Amelanchier . europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. chamaecyparissus S. Salicornia. neapolitana S. virens. A. viridis S. guaranitica S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. T.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria C. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. biflorum . V. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. americana. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. coggygria. P. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. C. C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. nivalis Lamium album. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. G. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria Cotinus. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. P.

V. patulum. pyrenaicum. H. Ornithogalum arabicum. officinalis thyme-leaved V. R. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. scutatus R. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. L.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. japonica Sorbaria. acetosa. O. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. crassipes O. E. O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. H. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. S.

vesca F. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. C. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. M. perennis. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. T vulgare T. chiloensis F. vulgare var. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. O. dracunculus var.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. incana M. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. incana M. floridus Philadelphus . vesca F. crispum T. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. O. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vulgare var.

arcticus T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. C. 'Broad-leaf English' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. 'Argenteus' T. praecox T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. A. marianum S. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. laevigata Eupatorium. phaenopyrum C. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. pallasianus T. marianum S. benedictus. × citriodorus T. 'Clear Gold' T. praecox subsp. E. sylvestris D. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. T. Silybum marianum S. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . maritima Thymus. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon.

L. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . P. sanctum Tulipa T. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. radicans Bignonia capreolata. cerasiforme. P. sanctum O. praecox subsp. I. Physalis peruviana L. alata Lycopersicon. lycopersicum var. pruinosa. lycopersicum var. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. C. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. lycopersicum L. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Coreopsis Linaria. peruviana P. noli-tangere. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum.

Chimaphila. longifolia Chamaelaucium. caprea . V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. cornuta V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. C. cornuta 'Alba' V. officinalis Polemonium. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. C. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. odorata V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata V. P. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. V riviniana Viola odorata V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. caeruleum Clematis. canina. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V.

nudum Isatis I. absinthium A. annua A. gmelinii A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. W. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Vanilla barbellata A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Corydalis sempervirens A. verticillata Chimaphila. frigida A. ambrosioides Artemisia. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. V. pontica. Gaultheria procumbens. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. S. camphorata A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. caprea. I. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Stachys .

vomitoria I. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . × media 'Hicksii' T. I. C. millefolium A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. ageratum A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. X. taygetea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. simplicissima Cladrastis. filipendulina A.

sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. pedatum Agastache A. maidenhair American maidenhair.. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . breviflora A. butter-print. ageratum A. millefolium A. parlor m. sanguinary. five-finger f. alpinus Aconitum A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. calamus Adiantum A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. taygetea A. h. blue giant hyssop. Indian mallow China jute. longifolia Achillea A. calamus maidenhair fern. yarrow sneezeweed. fourcroydes sweet flag. cana A. monkshood helmut flower. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. h.. lion's tail anise hyssop. theophrasti Acacia A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. fennel g. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. fragrant g. nose-bleed. Indian mallow. maidenhair fern. monkshood flowering maple. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.. foeniculum Agave A. thousand-seal. napellus Acorus A.

ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. Pulchellum A. hemp plant agrimony. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. cive. two-bladed o. sisal hemp. giganteum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. schnittlauch giant garlic . Spanish o. cocklebur. sativum A. reptans Alcea A. flowering o. ophioscorodon A. christophii A. vulgaris Allium A.. githago Ajuga A. moly A. ostrowskianum A. ciboule.A.. garlic rocambole. scorodoprasum A. alpina A. sisalana Agrimonia A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. Japanese bunching o. lily leek daffodil garlic. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. senescens var. rosea Alchemilla A. tree o. Rosenbachianum A. flavum A. fistulosum A. schoenoprasum A. karataviense A. serpent garlic chive. neapolitanum A. sativum var... purple c.

archangel. Barbados a. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. garlic c. marschalliana A.. pulsatilla Anethum A. cerefolium chervil angelica. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. barbadensis Aloysia A. Curasao a. tinctoria Anthriscus A.glaucum A. sphaerocephalum A.. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. white m. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. caudatus Amelanchier A. officinalis Amaranthus A. triphylla Althaea A. officinalis Anemone A. blanda A. canadensis Amsonia A. juneberry. japonica A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. shadbush. tuberosum Aloe A. Oriental garlic . medicinal a. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. shad. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. hupehensis var. officinarum Anchusa A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. lily-of-the-field serviceberry.. bugloss alkanet. bugloss windflower.

graveolens A. chrysantha A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens var. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. alpina 'Alba' A. European crowfoot bearberry.Apium A.

virginicum bearberry. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. Ludoviciana var. maritima Armoracia A. albula A. asarabacca wild ginger. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. pink or white horseradish. europaeum A. old man southernwood absinthe. bear's grape. camphorata A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. hog cranberry. arborescens A. gmelinii A. stewardsonii Armeria A. creashak green-dragon. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. annua A. mugwort. sandberry. lactiflora A. dracunculus var. kinnikinick. rusticana Artemisia A. dracontium A. canadense A. triphyllum subsp. wormwood southernwood. pontica A. mealberry.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. sea pink thrift. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . red cole sagebrush. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. frigida A. mountain box. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. sativa A. triphyllum A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A.

pleurisy root. officinalis Astrantia A. perennis Berberis B. tuberosa Asparagus A. rocket. tinctoria Barbarea B. s. c.. nivea Borago B. orach sea orach. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. cool-tankard cole. s. c. wild indigo. vulgaris. c. vulgaris Beta milkweed. ruby s. australis B. butterfly flower butterfly weed. rattleweed winter cress. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. B.. tuberroot. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. ruby s. papyrifera Boehmeria B. hortensis B Baptista B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. jaundice berry. saltbush orach. i. piprage beet swiss chard.Asclepias A. yellow r. garden o. silkweed. mountain spinach false indigo. upland cress winter cress. halimus A. plains f. major Atriplex A. wild indigo blue false indigo. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. c. mustard . Chinese silk plant. talewort. vulgaris Bellis B. wild blue i. China grass borage borage.

microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. microphylla 'Nana' B.B. pineapple s. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell .. microphylla var. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. floridus Campanula C. strawberry s. sempervirens B.. carpatica C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. white-flowered k. eruca B. grandiflora Calendula C. officinalis Calycanthus C. koreana B.

p. p. o. o.. chili p. p. o. p. rapunculus Campsis C. sweet pepper. o. trumpet vine. p. s. persicifolia C. green p. p. p. s. p.. s. o. green p. p. o. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper... annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. pimento sweet pepper s. o. red p. bell p. C. trumpet flower. cow-itch. p.C.

false saffron.. tinctorius Carum C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. shellbark h.. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. bastard s. Tabasco-sauce p. illinoinensis C. snakehead . chili p.. deodara Celosia C. Tabasco p. carvi Carya C. majus Chelone cayenne p. ovata Cassia C. cristata Cercis C. Russian c. senna. garden c.. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. nobile Chelidonium C. Madagascar periwinkle. canariensis Cedrus C. capsicum p. red p.. frutescens Carthamus C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.. marilandica Catharanthus C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. celandine celandine turtlehead.

. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. parthenium C. leucanthemum C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. pyrethum. alecost pyrethrum. × jouiniana 'Mrs.. lutea Clematis C. wormseed. leather flower. pigweed Mexican tea. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. ambrosioides C. feather geranium. lanuginosa 'Alba' C.. old-man's-beard costmary. wintergreen. dwarf 1. Chinese dwarf 1. umbellata Chionanthus C. virgin's bower.C. cinerariifolium C. leather flower.. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. mint geranium. Meyer 1. virginiana balmony goosefoot. American w. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. virgilia virgin's bower. intybus Cimicifuga C. coccineum C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. frutescens C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. bonus-henricus C. Robert Brydon' C. Dalmatia p. barbe-de-capuchin. ladanifer Citrus C. botrys Chimaphila C. wax flower. racemosa Cistus C. crispus C. balsamita C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Spanish t. devil's-darning- . × superbum Cichorium C. rattletop black cohosh. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. glabra Chenopodium C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. fat hen ambrosia.

trifolia Coreopsis C. Venetian sumac.needle Cnicus C.. ambigua C. smokebush. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. tinctoria Coriandrum C. cneorum Coptis C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. quick-set. avellana Cotinus C. red haw hawthorn English h. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . Chinese parsley dogwood. orientalis Convallaria C. laevigata C. autumnale Comptonia C. sativum Cornus C. smokebush smoke tree. peregrina Consolida C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. benedictus Coix C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. majalis Convolvulus C. thorn apple. florida Corylus C. arkansana C. thorn. apiculatus Crataegus C. smoke plant. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree.

sieberi C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . speciosus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. angustifolius C. tomasinianus Cupressus C.C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. citratus Cytisus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. sempervirens Cydonia C. maritimum Crocus C. West Indian 1. sativus C.. gracilis Dianthus D. oblonga Cymbopogon C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.. × allwoodii D. scoparius C. kotschyanus C.

Simkins' 'Nanus' D. sylvestris Doronicum D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. carnation. grandiflora D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. pardalianches E Echeveria E. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . lanata D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. sativus D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. gas plant. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. burning bush.

dulcis Endymion E. plum eryngo sea holly. jacinth. Japanese medlar. gum tree. maritimum Eschscholzia E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. perfoliatum E. torquata Euonymus E. b. poppy eucalypt. J. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. epimedium barrenwort. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. pungens Eleocharis E. ironbark.. rugosum v. S. californica Eucalyptus E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. japonica Eryngium E. arvense E. viridis Epimedium E.E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. sea eryngo California poppy C. vulgare Elaeagnus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. sea holm. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. Australian gum. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. blueweed. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. hyemale Eranthis E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat.

vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.Euphorbia E. vulgaris Foeniculum F. a. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vulgare F. major Fragaria F. imperialis Fumaria F. finocchio. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . vulgare subsp. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.s. chiloensis F. assafoetida Ficus F. alpine s.s. vulgare var. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. sow-teat s. a. cyparissias F Ferula F.s. vulgare F. ulmaria F. a. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.

sempervirens evening trumpet flower. mountain tea. sweet w.F. mollugo G. wild c. alumroot herb Robert. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. tinctoria Geranium G. field balm. triacanthos Gossypium G. mock p. vernalis H.. gardenia. robertianum Glechoma G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. Capejasmine wintergreen. spotted c. Carolina jessamine Genista G. runaway robin. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. hederacea Gleditsia G. verum Gardenia G. ground ivy. honey locust.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. odoratum G. checkerberry. Carolina yellow j. virginiana Hedeoma H. pulegioides American pennyroyal.. hexapetala G Galanthus G. Carolina jasmine G. our-lady's-b. teaberry.. cleavers white bedstraw. germanica G. nivalis Galium G. false baby's-breath woodruff. maculatum G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. dyer's greenweed. red Robin . woodwaxen.. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw.

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rose-of-China. turnsole heliotrope. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. arborescens Helleborus H. glabra Hesperis H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. Chinese hibiscus. matronalis Hibiscus H.. Deckaner h. lividus subsp. curry plant false licorice.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. daylily . niger H. blacking plant plantain lily. garland 1. bastard jute. mallow. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. foetidus H... cannabinus H. angustifolium H. atrorubens H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. Indian hemp. bimli j. rose m. Hawaiian h.. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily.. sweet r. × luteola Herniaria H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. China rose. Deccan h. corsicus H. licorice plant heliotrope. petiolatum Heliotropium H. hibiscus kenaf.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. giant m. bimlipatum j.. flavescens Helenium H. lilioasphodelus H. lemon d.

paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. box-leaved h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. patulum 'Sungold' H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H.H. . European h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. perforatum Hyssopus H. orangeroot. horned h. rose h.-John's-wort St. navelwort gotu kola St. Burford's holly Japanese holly. I. lupulus Hydrangea H. white h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. crenata var.-John's-wort St. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. box-leaved h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. asiatica Hypericum H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.

asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. glabra I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. yellow flag. jewelweed. spotted t. touch-me-not jewelweed. maculata J Jasminum J. officinale Juniperus J.. tinctoria Ixia I. capensis Indigofera I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris.. African corn lily corn lily orris. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . snapweed. wilsonii Impatiens I. horizontalis creeping j. water f. virginiana red cedar jasmine. tinctoria Inula I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. cristata I. florentina I. alba Iris I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. pseudacorus Isatis I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. 'Great Lakes' I. × germanica var.. crested dwarf i. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. chinensis var. J.I. helenium Ipomoea I. woad dyer's woad. crested i. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. opaca I.

angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. dumb nettle. carnea Brazilian-plume. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. angustifolia subsp..Justicia water willow J. n. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. d. paradise p. white d. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . flamingo p. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. dentata var. brandegeana shrimp plant J. n. plume flower. bay. dentata L. nobilis Lavandula L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. angustifolia L.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. plume plant. maculatum L. sweet bay laurel. album L. indica Lamium L...

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

officinale Ligustrum L. sativum Leucojum L. usitatissimum Liriope L. benzoin Linum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. muscari Lobelia L. aestivum Levisticum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. hedge plant privet. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L.. summer s. blue cardinal flower . marsh rosemary. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. pepperwort. candidum L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. lovage privet. perenne L.

maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. moonwort. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. lycopersicum var. coronaria L.L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. sempervirens Lunaria L. lycopersicum var. satin flower honesty. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. penny f. coronaria 'Alba' L. annua Lychnis L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. virginiana sweet alyssum. stellata M.. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. cordata Magnolia M. europaeus Lysimachia L. gypsywort. grandiflora M. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. honesty. flava L. maritima L. silver-dollar. vulgaris Lythrum L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. campion. catchfly mullein pink. money plant. coral h. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower.

suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M.. requienii M. fastigiata Marrubium M. American crab. Brampton stock. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. stock stock.. mountain g. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. lemon m. blue barberry apple. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. bluebells. 'Eau de Cologne' M. lungwort bluebells. cowslip. menthella... Oregon g. officinalis Mentha M. longifolia M.. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. pulegium M. × gentilis M. pineapple m.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. apple m. bee b. incanum M. horsemint . wild crab crab apple crab mallow. horsemint peppermint orange mint. vulgare Matthiola M. aquatica M. white h. gillyflower.. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. b. pennyroyal Corsican m.Mahonia M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. imperial stock balm lemon b.. 'Guiding Star' M. Scotch m. hupehensis Malva M. Virginia b. bergamot m. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. incana Melissa M. holly barberry. × piperita var. Virginia c. angustifolia M. curly m. citrata M. holly mahonia.. sweet b. × piperita M. holly g. musk m. alcea var.

perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. textilis Myosotis M. white b. b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry.. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. sweet cicely. American m. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. white bee balm pink b. winter purslane. Manila hemp forget-me-not. anise. banana abaca. citriodora M. Oswego tea. candleberry. odorata Myrtus M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. menthifolia M.M. fistulosa var. Swedish m. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. punctata Montia M. b. swamp c. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . fistulosa M. myrrh. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. b. pink b. Greek myrtle. red m. sylvatica Myrica M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

vulgaris Prunus P... lungwort blue 1. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. Americana P. pensylvanica P. golden hardhack. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. cowslip self-heal self-heal. five-finger shrubby c. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. hackmatack. maritima P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. persica Pteridium P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. granatum Pyrus P. domestica P. heal-all. hog-pasture b. trifoliata Populus P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . brake.Poncirus P. veris Prunella P. brake bracken. tacamahac cinquefoil. angustifolia P. balsam p.. nepalensis P. Jerusalem sage. elatior P. hardy orange poplar. widdy shrubby c. all-heal salad burnet. pasture b. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. aspen. sand p.

chinensis 'Minima' R. × borboniana R. pie plant.. red currant. rose. alpinum R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R.. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. eglantine. canina R.. garden r. moss r. . mountain c.. eglanteria R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. dog b. sativum Rosa R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup.Quercus Q. small c. moss r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. ficaria Reseda R.. garden c. sweetbrier French r. Bourbon r. stellata R Ranunculus R. purshiana Rheum R.. 'Cinderella' R. typhina Ribes R. York-and-Lancaster r. gallica damask r. brier r. fairy r. gooseberry alpine c. autumn damask r. pygmy r. brier Banksia r. crowfoot lesser celandine. China r. dog r. pilewort mignonette weld. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. luteola Rhamnus R. cabbage r. banksiae R.

× rehderana R.. obtusifolius R. French sorrel rue . 'Schneezwerg' R. polyantha r. Turkestan r. rosemary white r. rosemary pine-scented r. laevigata R. acetosa R. bitter d.. Harison's yellow r. wichuraiana R. garden sorrel broad dock. snowdwarf memorial r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. chestnut r. climbing r. roxburghii R. rugosa R. madder bramble blackberry. musk r. burnet r. prairie r. setigera R. r. hirta Rumex R. Japanese r.'Officinalis' R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. golden p. × harisonii R. Scotch r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. tinctorum Rubus R.. Cherokee r. moschata R. dock s. prostrate rosemary.. chinquapin r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. sorrel. spinosissima R. angustissimus R. climbing r.

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caprea Salvia S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. caerula S. leucantha S. s. pussy willow sage. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. viridis Sambucus S. involucrata S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. purple variegated garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. American e. microphylla S. bloodroot rue . guaranitica S. gray sage. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. garden s. Mexican bush s. sclarea S. purple g. argentea S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. bloodroot red puccoon. greggii S. variegated garden s. clary annual clary elder. clevelandii S. elegans S. leucophylla S. s. canadensis willow. golden g. osier goat willow.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. elderberry American e.

old-man-and-woman holy thistle. tectorum Silybum S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. melongena var. morganianum S. St. roof h. pincushion flower pincushions. pinnata S. milk t. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. canadensis Sansevieria S. live-forever houseleek. jasminoides S. skirret potato vine eggplant. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. neapolitana S. mourning-bride stonecrop. trifasciata Santolina S. albidum Satureja S. hortensis S.. mad apple .. lucky plant. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. sisarum Solanum S. live-forever houseleek. marianum Sium S. atropurpurea Sedum S. good-luck plant. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. hen-and-chickens. hemp plant snake plant. sweet s..Sanguisorba S. Mary's t.. officinalis Sassafras S. virens Saponaria S. blessed t. telephium Sempervivum S. devil's tongue.

false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. patula melongene. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. officinale Syringa S.. lilac . hedge nettle. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. lutea Stokesia S. vulgaris 'Addie V. reticulata var. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. Aztec m. officinale S. laciniata Persian lilac S. byzantina S. big m. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. × persica var. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. grandiflora S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. californica Sorbaria S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. americana Stachys S.. laevis Symphytum S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. woundwort lamb's-ears. erecta marigold African m. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.

columnar y. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. dwarf m. filifolia T. vulgare T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T.T. occidentalis Thymus T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. procumbent g. 'Argenteus' T. tansy tansy. officinale Taxus T.. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. dense y. lemon t. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. signet m. sweet mace French m.. fruticans T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. wood sage germander dwarf. culinary golden lemon t. marum Thuja T. germander American g. upright y. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. vulgare var. yew conical y. lucida T. crispum Taraxacum T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low.. carnosus T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. . canadense T.

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glabrescens T. odorus t. caraway t. pratensis Trichostema T. zygis Torenia T. lemon t. herba-barona T. doerfleri T. pallasianus T. serpyllum T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. creeping t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. confederatej. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. nitidus T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. woolly thyme creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. . leucotrichus T.. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. red c. praecox T.. richardii subsp. praecox subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. t. not culinary French t. lanatum Trifolium T. t. wishbone flower. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. nummularius T. crimson c.

'Sweet Harmony' T.. olympicum V. dioica V Vaccinium V. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. Indian cress dwarf n. species t. huckleberry. blueberry. . maritima Urtica U. speedwell. blattaria V. tarda T. 'Blizzard' T. early. squill. majus T. kaufmanniana T. nettle stinging n. velvet p. clusiana T. canadensis Tulipa T. officinalis V. cranberry. flannel plant. water-lily t. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. officinalis Verbascum V.. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. thapsus Veronica V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. tawny orange t. mullein mullein. bitter Indian garden n. laevifolium Valeriana V. red s. tall n. minus Tsuga T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. 'General de Wet' T. pale yellow Darwin t. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. angustifolium var. farfara U Urginea U.Tropaeolum T.

tricolor V.. odorata V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. canina V. myrtle. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. ladies-delight. withe-rod vetiver. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. zizanioides Viburnum V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. prunifolium Vinca V. lesser p. acerifolium V. nannyberry. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V.. maple-leaved viburnum. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. running m. heartsease. khus-khus. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.Vetiveria V. carlesii V. lutea 'Splendens' V. arrowwood. minor Viola V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. heartsease pansy. violet dog violet horned v. sweet h. sheepberry. possum haw .. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. cassinoides V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up.

Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . Adam's-needle. ginger.

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