This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
< previous page
next page >
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
successes. alterations. bereft of hope. This was not to be. responded with delight. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. especially poetry. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. and record every detailall of the failures. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. build it. seven years ago. carefully chosen. wheedling. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. punching. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. for they had no model and no guide. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. with sparkling enthusiasm. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. It needs no sequel. Then.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. whether all their labor was to no avail. This they did. Their energy and charm caught me up. With false starts and honest stops. and the publisher. Ginny had done some writing. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. more of them exist to serve as examples. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. The turning point came when. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. and I have had the pleasure of advising. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. and the experience provided the final section of the book. pushing. Again they revised. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided.
A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Not all plants used are herbs. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. Likewise. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Some of these were created by landscape architects. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. while others were prepared by landscape designers. degree of maintenance required. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. or by contributors. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. we completed a test garden. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. 1969 and 1980.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. English thyme. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. . carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. To achieve this. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. and these are capitalizedfor example. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. although countless common names exist. The herb garden designs alone. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. by their owners. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. and educational purpose. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Italics are always used for botanical names. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. specialty. former generic names. without accompanying commentary. A range of essential factors is considered herein. historical interest. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. the authors. rather. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. We.
< previous page page_ix next page > .
FAITH H. Herbert J. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Weatherhead. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. have also been of assistance. Derthick. as expediter and typist. Finally. has given us valuable information. and Elizabeth Bryce. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Recognition is due Robert B.D. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. which made possible the completion of our text. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. M. Genevieve Jyurovat. too.. Keebler and the late Everest P. A lecturer on herbs. His assistant. Trudi Bela. Swanson and Robert B. The late Raymond C. librarian. Susan Frugé. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Lee Buss. She has served. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Eleanor Gambee. Rady. Richard T. and Rexford Talbert. Special thanks are due James C. former director of same. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Alice Skelsey. and August Frugé. Isaacson. Jo Lohmolder. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Nell Neff. president. Wanda Ritchie. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. has been especially helpful over the years. Betty Rea. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Alexander Apanius. former managing editors. and Joanna Reed. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. past presidents. and the horticulturist. We are grateful to many. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. a front dooryard. Perennial herbs." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. to increase the value of the property. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. and structures. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. and hedges will have been located. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. not at all difficult to maintain. lay out a plan of the property. or an abandoned. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. In order to create a fine garden design." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. the north point will have been indicated." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. If no . a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. As Henry Beston reflects. As one constantly reinforces the other. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable." A good design does not "happen. partially excavated area. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. "Not difficult to plan. temples of worship. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. fences. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. and decisions must not be left to chance. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. new ways of seeing. new plants. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Its interest is independent of flowers. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. some of which are evergreen.
which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. < previous page page_2 next page > .Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale. fences. and hedges.
and the driveway. In the absence of a survey map. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. to locate the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. In this example. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. measurements are in engineer's scale. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. A deed description. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Other areas may require a smaller scale. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. The object is to .< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. but with all needed information. Next. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. Here. too. such as the one illustrated here. too. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. measure to locate the house. other significant structures.
but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. The tools needed for drawing are few. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. shrubs. lines at an angle. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. triangleof inexpensive plastic. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. and unusual land features noted. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. driveway.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. enclosures. and parallel lines. < previous page page_3 next page > . one of the branches generally having a pencil point. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. The smaller the scale. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. paths.
and hedges of hemlock. In the absence of a structure. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. However. old smokehouse. or summer kitchen is ideal. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Upkeep. In some cases. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. With the plan on paper. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. brick. In the designs that follow. greenhouse. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. bayberry.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. iron." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. A toolhouse. and stone. One basic rule is the higher the wall. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . and holly. yew. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. garage. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. gazebo. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
the garden design is most attractive. but the results will confirm this course. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Where air circulation is much needed. for reinforcing the design. as an example. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Brick is the all-time favorite material. or pressure-treated lumber. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. it will seem too sparsely planted. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. railroad ties. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. For example. landscape timbers. Generally. If desired. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Stained. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. a temporary garden that may be changed later. bricks. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. too. cut stones. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Allow adequate room within the row. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Whatever the reason. Equally important is proportion. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Stone. whether it will be rocks. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Gates are part of the enclosure. and their styles are countless. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. box. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. At first. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. so give them much thought. as in outdoor room dividers. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. and rosemary. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. If used. . meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. or. Styles are legion. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. elegant box. In some climates. deeply evergreen. painted. annual painting is a necessity. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. they can be made to order. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. such as bayberry. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. for example. if wood is the material of choice. yew. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. or natural. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. holly. Rosemary. some deciduous and some evergreen. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Lower cost is an advantage. When this reinforcement is understated. gray surfaces are found. When used with a hedge. however. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate.
awkward and unsafe.Steps When constructing steps. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. there is a necessary. Conversely. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
< previous page page_6 next page > .
It is a general rule that the less the riser. Paths must be ample. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Step materials need not be the same as. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. because they are just that. appearance. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Choose the path material equally for comfort. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. or red. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. the greater the tread. for example. however. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Access paths. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. If groups are walking through. too. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. rosy pink. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. cost.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. their use no less than comfortable. There are. The colors are various: terracotta. . but should be compatible with. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. and maintenance. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. A width of four feet allows room for turning. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. making the design more evident. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.
Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. bark or pine needles can be used. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. If the garden is made up of separate beds. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. they should not shade the herbs too much. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. or trees to be considered. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. shrubs. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. prepare a planting plan for each. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. They are easily renewed as they break down. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. a soft-lead pencil in hand.) To avoid having a slippery surface. When they mature. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. a result being hazardous footing. shad Malus coronaria. serviceberry. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. and many good references are available. too. This. is an enjoyable experience. With these recommendations in mind. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden.
It needs. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Often this center of interest is a sundial. one-half inch equals one foot. such as the one illustrated here. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. lemon thyme. it is easily read and easily erased. however. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. whether they are invasive or tall growing. for example. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . noting well their growth habits. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Do use a soft-lead pencil. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. 'Mount Hood daff. Sept. or whatever is best in your case. a focal point is customarily used. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Artifacts As with other gardens. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. too.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. for example. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus.
Again. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. the height of a fence to the house. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. If a statue less than life-size is used. < previous page page_9 next page > . a niche of its own should be created. It is then in scale with its frame. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
the designs have a decorative north point. However. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. that of good proportion. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > .< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. Except for two. a stylized drawing of an ovary. For easy reference.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
26. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 7. summer 23. 16. 4. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. sativa. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Foeniculum vulgare. bee balm 13. 21. Lavenders accent the front corners.Origanum majorana. The rules of symmetry are observed.Satureja montana.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. dill cerasiforme. 22. rose 24.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Landscape Architect. arcticus 27.Galium odoratum. 1. 5.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. lovage 17. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Pelargonium graveolens. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. salad burnet 12. 6. a fence. or other structure.Lobularia maritima.S. A. lemon 15.A.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja hortensis. lemon balm .Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis.Viola tricolor. sweet 25.Poterium sanguisorba. 14.Allium 11. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.L. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. which is used here in relation to a garage. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. 3. fennel 2. The first number in each planting area is the key number. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. With color and texture considered for contrast.
Porrum Group. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. 19.Origanum heracleoticum. dwarf garden 20. costmary 'Albus'. Greek 28. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Petroselinum crispum var. chive 18.Salvia officinalis.8. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . Chrysanthemum balsamita. Pelargonium × limoneum. leek 9. curly parsley 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.
11. .Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley sativa.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. summer 10. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. 12.Foeniculum vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 13. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. perhaps overgrown with weeds. as was done here. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 9.Satureja hortensis. 17. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. white 20. bush basil 3.Allium schoenoprasum. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. French tarragon 2.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. 1.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var. 18. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium tomentosum. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. lemon verbena 21. rose 19.
English thyme dill 8. 16.Thymus × citriodorus.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Rosa eglanteria. 14.salad burnet 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. eglantine 23.Heliotropium arborescens.Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.
English thyme Greek oregano 4. 13. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. A. Origanum majorana.Levisticum officinale.Poterium sanguisorba. still observing a scale.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha spicata. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.A. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. salad burnet 14. spearmint 16.Salvia officinalis. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Satureja hortensis. lovage 15. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. making the beds larger and the paths wider. however. parsley 5.Allium schoenoprasum. Japanese yew 17.Artemisia dracunculus var. 7. Even in limited space. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. summer savory 11.Chionanthus virginicus. 9. Then the design might need to be expanded.Taxus cuspidata. garden sage 8.S.L. sweet marjoram 3. however. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. The number in each planting area is the key number. . dill 2. Origanum heracleoticum.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. 1. sativa. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon thyme 10. The garden is conveniently located.Petroselinum crispum. and the plan could be used at a front door.
6. sweet basil chive 12.Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .
bee balm 14. Christmas fern 5.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. 8.Stachys byzantina. 9. wild ginger 27.Allium ampeloprasum.S.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . 33. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus. This is an intimate garden. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. Monarda didyma. 7. salad 20. 18.Primula vulgaris. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. 32. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.Asarum canadense. fraxinella 15. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.L. fennel 19. 1. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. lavender marjoram 2. The long. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. blue lungwort 26.Origanum majorana. 30. 31. hop sativa.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Jacob's-ladder 3. sweet violet 16. garden sage 17. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. yellow 29. The number in each planting area is the key number. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. Dictamnus albus. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. A. summer 21. 13.Polemonium reptans. 25. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Teucrium chamaedrys.A.Convallaria majalis.Osmunda cinnamomea. the challenge is obvious. 6. cinnamon fern 4. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Landscape Architect.Humulus lupulus. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon thyme 28.Polystichum acrostichoides.Digitalis grandiflora. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Viola odorata.
crispum. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Galium verum. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Tsuga canadensis.Petroselinum crispum var.lilac 10. Canada hemlock Standard'. sweet 34. winter savory 24. yellow bedstraw 23.Korean box 11.Galium odoratum.savory germander Willmott'.Buxus microphylla var.Sorbus americana. French'. French thyme woodruff koreana.Satureja montana. 35.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.
Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. dill 10. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. It is a pleasing. Surprisingly. lemon verbena 2.Origanum heracleoticum. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Italian parsley . this design can be an inspiration. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. To be placed near the kitchen. neapolitanum.Aloysia triphylla. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. 19. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. geometric design.Rumex scutatus. 1. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Petroselinum crispum var.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden.Salvia officinalis. One of the beds. Even so. garden sage 20. devoted to a "yearly surprise. it became part of the patio.
Myrrhis odorata.Allium schoenoprasum. English thyme bush basil 8. basil sativa.3. crispum.Ocimum basilicum 12. chervil marjoram 21. borage 'Purpurascens'.Satureja hortensis. purple basil 4. garlic chive 26.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. Alpine strawberry 7.Origanum majorana.Melissa officinalis. sweet 13.Poterium sanguisorba. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . sweet 18. 16.Ocimum basilicum.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja montana. summer savory 23. sweet 14. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Allium tuberosum. chive 25.Artemisia dracunculus var.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley 22. lemon balm cicely 6. salad 15.17. winter savory 24.Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. lemon basil 9.Borago officinalis.
geometric design.Hyssopus officinalis. green santolina 12.C. 19.Lavandula angustifolia. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. sweet 13. so. the work paths could be eliminated.Stachys byzantina. As a whole. it is full of interesting angles. English lavender 10. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Thymus × citriodorus. 14. The center beds here were established in this way. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. rosemary 3.Myrrhis odorata. gray . lamb's-ears 20.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue 22. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Satureja montana. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. D. sweet cicely 23. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. To increase the planting area.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. 1. purple basil 4.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium in variety. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Created in an orderly way. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. winter 21.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. scented-leaf geranium 2. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. too. it is an unusual.Santolina virens.
classic myrtle 9.6. germander 16.Teucrium chamaedrys. American southernwood holly 17.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . silver mound artemisia 18. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 25.Marrubium vulgare. horehound24.Artemisia camphorata. clove pink 7.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. French thyme santolina 15.Myrtus communis.Salvia officinalis.Ilex opaca.
Rosmarinus officinalis. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Melissa officinalis. yarrow 12. borage 23. rosemary 15.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sweet woodruff 5.Borago officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. English lavender 6.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory 16. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Chamaemelum . Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum.Satureja montana. Its arrow points north and. Job's tears 11. absinthe 26. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. arcticus 21. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Galium odoratum. purple basil 3. pot marigold 24. This center of interest is of particular note. French tarragon 14. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Coix lacryma-jobi. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Thymus praecox subsp. 1. blue hyssop 2. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Artemisia dracunculus var. this herb garden is secluded. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. tansy 25. Sometimes space is limited.Calendula officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia. casts the shadow for the hour. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. Achillea millefolium.Artemisia absinthium. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. sativa. which adds its impression of warmth. sweet basil 4. too. gray santolina 13. lemon balm 22.
chamomile 17. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . costmary 'Albus'.Pelargonium in variety.Syringa.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. pineapplescented sage 9.Carya illinoinensis. Salvia officinalis.7. wild marjoram 28. scented-leaf 27.Symphytum officinale. comfrey20. Salvia elegans. garden sage 19. white creeping thyme nobile.Origanum majorana. marjoram pecan 10. variegated garden sage 8. sweet 29.Origanum vulgare. chive 18. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.
horehound 33.Allium sativum. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Pelargonium graveolens.Ipomoea alba. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. rose geranium 2. 7. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 4. hyssop Meyer lemon . 1. summer 32. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. Anthriscus cerefolium. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Melissa officinalis. 36. blue 23. true ginger16. sativa. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. sweet 34. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Ruta graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Myrrhis odorata. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. French sorrel 21. 18. 30.Satureja hortensis. garlic Levisticum officinale. 6.Marrubium vulgare. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Salvia officinalis. rue 31. 29. sweet cicely 37. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 19. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Apium graveolens. 9. sunken into the ground. lemon balm 35. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 3. parsley 17. The more invasive ones. chervil 15. lovage 22. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. 8.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. When controlled in this way. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil Zingiber officinale.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 20. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 5.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium × limoneum.
Greek oregano 12.Mentha spicata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . spearmint 27.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme 24.Tropaeolum minus. bush basil 14. Japanese yew 39.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon verbena 11.Aloysia triphylla. English thyme 26.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus × citriodorus. dwarf nasturtium 13.Origanum heracleoticum.Magnolia virginiana.10. salad burnet 25. lemonthyme 28.
Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. "Simplify. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. simplify!. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. but. a quick way to ensure good drainage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. whatever the reason." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. < previous page page_22 next page > . The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. however. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
rue 20.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lindera benzoin.Ocimum basilicum. parsley 2. 1.Artemisia absinthium. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Origanum majorana. summer basil savory 7. 16. garden sage 3.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Lactuca sativa.Galium odoratum.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Satureja hortensis.Monarda didyma.Anethum graveolens. 12. French tarragon 5. balm sativa. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. lettuce 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. 14. bell pepper 6.Capsicum frutescens.Impatiens capensis. aloe Grossum Group. spicebush absinthe French'.Hedeoma pulegioides.Mentha spicata. bee balm 19. arcticus. peppermint 23. 18. 26. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Allium fistulosum. sweet 15.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis. tansy 11. sweet 17. spearmint 21.Aloe barbadensis. jewelweed24.Rosmarinus officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. lemon 22.Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha x piperita. dill 13. sweet 25.Ruta graveolens.Petroselinum crispum.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
arcticus 14. horizontally laid bluestone. Russian 13. Perovskia abrotanoides. 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. Thymus praecox subsp. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.Pelargonium in variety. French thyme 2. faced and capped with random.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. too. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. 1. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. germander 7.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. A low wall of brick. encloses this plan. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.
Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. white creeping thyme 5.Santolina neapolitana 4.Melissa officinalis. blue 11.Thymus praecox subsp. witch hazel 18. lemon thyme 10.Campsis radicans.Viburnum cassinoides. crimson creeping thyme 9. lemon balm hyssop 12.-John'swort 17. lavender 3.Alchemilla vulgaris. arcticus 'Albus'. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. St. lady's6.Hamamelis virginiana.angustifolia.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis. trumpet vine 16. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .
< previous page page_28 next page > . arcticus and encloses the herb garden. box. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. Germander is a proper edging here. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. however. Although this is not a large garden. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. It is. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. the shrubsyew. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. lilac. However. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. holly. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. 23.Syringa patula. 26.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. germander 36.Iris × germanica var.Thymus praecox subsp. prostrate rosemary 13. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. sweet violet 19.Thymus praecox subsp. orris 38. woolly thyme 7. Mentha requienii.Comptonia peregrina.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf box 41. shrubby cinquefoil 46. arcticus 'Coccineus'. lavender 22. 12. Simkins'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis. mint silver mound artemisia 25. alpine strawberry 8. santolina alpine pink 28.Santolina pinnata 34. blue horehound hyssop 3.Artemisia frigida.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. classic myrtle 15. fraxinella 33. 18. rue 6.Cytisus supinus.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. Japanese holly 47. arcticus 'Albus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Stachys byzantina. gray sage savory 14.Salvia leucophylla.Iris cristata. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Borago officinalis. green 27.Santolina chamaecyparissus. crimson creeping thyme 31. sweet albula.Satureja montana. florentina. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Heliotropium arborescens.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet cicely17. columnal yew 43.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. 9. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Marrubium vulgare.Santolina virens. Corsican 24. dwarf crested iris 39. Japanese holly 42. Viola odorata. Myrrhis odorata.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lamb'sears 35. lilac 45. red creeping thyme 10. Japanese yew 44. clary 30.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Teucrium chamaedrys. broom 40.Anemone pulsatilla.Artemisia camphorata. white creeping thyme 37. Thymus praecox subsp.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Salvia sclarea.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Alchemilla vulgaris. fringed wormwood 16. Thymus praecox subsp. 32. cottage pink 2.20.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Eloise & Jo Ray. lady's.Dictamnus albus.Ruta graveolens. winter 29. dwarf privet 48. white hyssop 4. mantle chamomile 5. 1.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Myrtus communis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 21.
This hedge. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. a running bond pattern. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. an herb garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. a cutting garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and a vegetable garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. the center of interest for the herb garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. Other paths are brick. < previous page page_30 next page > . These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. as is true here in the vegetable garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. and one has an inset for a garden seat. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The varied shapes of the beds add interest.
Landscape Architect. .A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. A.S.L.
Christmas 48. germander 39. York-andLancaster rose 16.Teucrium chamaedrys. summer 34. sweet 51. Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium christophii. 50. 1.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. blue iris 9.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Salvia officinalis. 14.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. French tarragon 8. alpine strawberry 3. Anethum graveolens 23. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ribes alpinum. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. 32. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. 22.Helleborus niger.Aloysia triphylla.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. lemon 29. winter savory 44. 47. sativa. Campanula persicifolia.Satureja hortensis. double white peony of-Persia 12.Galium odoratum. candytuft Standard'. dill wishbone flower 5.Hemerocallis × luteola. 53.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Stokesia laevis.Petroselinum crispum var.Polystichum acrostichoides.Magnolia virginiana.Origanum heracleoticum.Stachys byzantina. verbena rose chive 11.Artemisia dracunculus var. French thyme 7. starsMaxima'. plantain lily 2. purple basil Japanese holly 17. lamb's-ears 49. Louise'.Pelargonium in variety.The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. white 'Bouquet'.Origanum majorana.Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia sclarea. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. green santolina 42. yellow 24.Rosa damascena savory crispum. 37. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. sweet marjoram 45. pale 28. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Ocimum basilicum 54. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. cottage pink French'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 52. 55. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. Aquilegia chrysantha. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Stokes' aster 31. helenium 4.Santolina virens. garden sage 56.Allium schoenoprasum. Achillea taygetea.Lilium candidum. bush basil 41.Hyssopus officinalis. lemon thyme 40.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue hyssop 43. statice Solemacher'.Digitalis grandiflora.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. fraxinella 26.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. yellow 35. Dictamnus albus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 18. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. yellow epimedium 15. clary 46.Limonium latifolium.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Satureja montana. blue 27.
This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. While serving as a soil retainer. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. < previous page page_32 next page > . An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. as in this case. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area.
bee balm 24.Viola odorata. The number in each planting area is the key number. Monarda didyma.R.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Iris cristata. crispum. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Aloysia triphylla.Iris pseudacorus. spearmint 41. lady's43.45. borage 26. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Thymus × citriodorus.Alchemilla vulgaris. Ocimum basilicum. 1. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. . Stachys byzantina. 42. English 44.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon verbena 46. 21.Allium schoenoprasum. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Melissa officinalis. lemon 22.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet 23.Mentha spicata. Landscape Architect.Galium odoratum. F.A. Borago officinalis. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.A. lamb's25.
clove 55. rue 51. citrata.Mentha pulegium.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Marrubium vulgare. summer 32.Satureja hortensis. leek 49.Verbascum thapsus.Quercus stellata. French tarragon holly 13. post crispum 'Banquet'. 52.Origanum heracleoticum. 40.7. pennyroyal 54.Cornus florida. carpet bugleweed 8.Origanum majorana. polyantha rose 12. garlic chive 48.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. orange mint 29. 33.Salvia elegans.Crataegus arkansana. Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage 36.Allium ampeloprasum. curly parsley oak 17.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Dianthus caryophyllus.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. rosemary 9. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. absinthe English thyme 27. mullein chive 47. curly mint 30.Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia abrotanum. savory sativa.Rosa × rehderana. pink hawthorn 16.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Vinca minor. catnip 50.Cassia marilandica. 56.Allium cepa. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . myrtle 58.Petroselinum crispum var. tabasco senna pepper 20.Nepeta cataria.Salvia officinalis.Allium tuberosum. southernwood 31.Ruta graveolens. 57. 37. Proliferum Group. Ajuga reptans.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. flowering dogwood 15. dill 34.Artemisia dracunculus var.Foeniculum vulgare. pineapple38.Anethum graveolens. Greek 53. salad burnet 10. fennel 35. sweet marjoram 28.Mentha × piperita var. Egyptian onion 11.Elaeagnus pungens. Rosmarinus officinalis. horehound neapolitanum.Capsicum frutescens. Porrum Group. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. wild 39.Allium sativum.
It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. < previous page page_34 next page > . a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. sleep pillows. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. and vinegars. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. Although this is a northeast exposure. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. mothproofing bags. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. However. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center.
< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox. Landscape Architect .
Pelargonium tomentosum. anise hyssop 14. pot 28.Tsuga canadensis.Hyssopus officinalis .Mentha spicata. lavender 7. bee balm 30. Roman 20.Alchemilla vulgaris.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. 49. Egyptian onion 42.Artemisia dracunculus var. Poterium sanguisorba.Rumex scutatus. southernwood 9.Satureja montana. French gray santolina sorrel 8. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. English finger-bowl geranium 38. sativa.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium moly. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. costmary 5. Artemisia pontica. Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 2. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . lemon 18.Allium sativum var. blue hyssop 35.Laurus nobilis. 50.Allium pulchellum 47.Tropaeolum minus. rue 26. 'President Poincare'. 21. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Pelargonium graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium × limoneum.Salvia elegans. French tarragon 10. garden 'Purpurascens'. lily leek 44.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum. daylily in variety 41. 24. nutmeg geranium 39.Thuja occidentalis. chive 43. purple basil sage 11. round-headed garlic 46.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Galium odoratum. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. American rosemary arborvitae 34. lettuce in variety 25. burnet lovage 6. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Rosmarinus officinalis. crispum. Ruta graveolens. balm valerian 15. Proliferum Group. 19. winter 29. lemon 31. orris 17. peppermint geranium 40.Salvia officinalis.Agastache foeniculum. 23. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Hemerocallis.Allium sphaerocephalum. 'Monge'. salad 22.Tanacetum vulgare.Aloysia triphylla.Iris × germanica var.Calendula officinalis.Monarda didyma.Salvia oficinalis.Melissa officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. dwarf nasturtium 37.Pelargonium fragrans. Hallock'. florentina.Allium cepa. lemon verbena 36.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. 1. tansy 16. dwarf savory garden sage 13. Lactuca. lilac 32. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Petroselinum crispum var. bay 48.Valeriana officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 27.
is the focus of the middle level. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A simple knot. Invasive. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. < previous page page_36 next page > . The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.
fennel 25. salad burnet 23. white thrift 24. horehound 46.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Monarda didyma. French tarragon 44.Artemisia dracunculus var. Valeriana officinalis. Digitalis purpurea. pineapplescented sage 47. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. 1.Satureja hortensis. golden thyme .Marrubium vulgare. valerian 5. houseleek 45. pineapple mint 22.Armeria maritima. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. bee balm 26.Salvia elegans. Satureja montana 'Nana'. summer savory 43.Sempervivum tectorum.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. foxglove 4. dwarf winter savory 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare. thyme 3.
Foeniculum vulgare. 40.Rosa chinensis.Anemone pulsatilla. blue hyssop 57.Lavandula angustifolia. white 58.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Lilium candidum.Origanum majorana.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Salvia officinalis.Helleborus niger.Eranthis hyemalis.Crocus sativus.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 39. viper's 34.Calendula officinalis.Helleborus orientalis. Madonna cicely lily 12. annual clary 51. parthenium. sweet 50.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. pink 59. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. marigold chive 15. fraxinella 8.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 54. Angelica archangelica. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . sweet basil sage 27. arcticus 55. 30.Allium schoenoprasum.Agrimonia eupatoria.Ocimum basilicum.Galium odoratum. dwarf edging box 21.Myrrhis odorata. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Chrysanthemum 36. germander 56.Sium sisarum.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia viridis. feverfew climbing rose 16.Artemisia absinthium. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.6.Laurus nobilis.Levisticum officinale. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Rosa eglanteria.Rosmarinus officinalis. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. Dictamnus albus. English 52. Isatis tinctoria.Galium verum. dyer's woad 7. yellow 41. pot 35. sweet 37. absinthe 53. angelica Lenten rose 10. rue 31.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. rosemary 28. pink 62. Salvia sclarea.Alchemilla vulgaris. 33.Hyssopus officinalis. skirret 60. lavender Christmas rose 11. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. sweet 32. 38.Echium vulgare. 61. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ruta graveolens. garden 42.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. clary 48. China rose comfrey 19. French'.Symphytum officinale.
< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. even though space is limited. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Carya ovata. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. There is variety in this plan. and the shagbark hickory. < previous page page_38 next page > . The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. However. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.
box Ruta graveolens. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. Asarum canadense. Marrubium vulgare. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. dogwood Salvia sclarea. Artemisia absinthium. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. sativa. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. valerian Rosa damascena. chive Ilex opaca. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. French Galium odoratum. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. germander Agastache foeniculum. Aloysia triphylla. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. borage Petroselinum crispum. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. rue Cornusflorida. green santolina Primula veris. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. lamb's.Arisaema triphyllum. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. citrata. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. Poterium sanguisorba. flax Buxus sempervirens. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. red mint . stewardsonii. box Buxus sempervirens. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica.Galium verum. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. bee balm Melissa officinalis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. sweet basil Satureja montana. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. Canada Isatis tinctoria. box Carya ovata. Adiantum pedatum. angelica Mondarda didyma. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens.
Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .
This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. A singular statue of St. is on a sandy knoll. However. a dipping pool there.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. For this appearance. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. first intended for the construction of a cottage. < previous page page_40 next page > . The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. too. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. it is open on the side facing the house. An informal. this excavation. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. A clump of birch here. unplanned look was desired.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
wild 43.Thymus praecox subsp. 63. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Melissa officinalis. 'Prostratus'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Glechoma hederacea.Artemisia abrotanum.Digitalis purpurea. pineapple3.Satureja hortensis. red mint 48.Mentha pulegium.Salvia officinalis. apple mint 49. pennyroyal 46.Ajuga reptans. bee balm . chive crispum.Allium favum lovage 22. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 76.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. mint 50. orange geranium 11.Valeriana officinalis.Thymus herba-barona.Althaea officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. Iris × germanica var. 12. 61.Rosa 'Merry England'. sea onion angelica 24. rue 29. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 65. 79. myrtle 14. gray scented sage santolina 4. Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium quercifolium.Pelargonium denticulatum. 31. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 52.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. Johnny-jump-up54. 60.Monarda didyma.Chelidonium majus.Salvia elegans.Origanum onites.Petroselinum crispum.Origanum majorana.Stachys byzantina.Mentha spicata. 69. peppermint 47. 67.Tanacetum vulgare var.Angelica archangelica. 68.Chrysanthemum 80.Hyssopus officinalis. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. pot 66. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Consolida orientalis. 74. woolly thyme 13. 72.Pelargonium odoratissimum. spearmint 45. Ruta graveolens. Sempervivum tectorum. 77. 1. rose bergamot valerian 25. 8. 53. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. wild 51.Teucrium canadense.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. lemon 35. 75.Mentha × gentilis. 59.Anethum graveolens. rose geranium 10. feverfew 27. 30. golden 37.Coriandrum sativum. Thymus praecox subsp. 36.Achillea tomentosa. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. celandine cicely 18. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Vinca minor.Pelargonium graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia. garden sage lungwort 57. fern-leaf tansy 23.Urginea maritima.Mentha suaveolens. 33. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Digitalis grandiflora.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Pelargonium crispum.Armeria maritima. white birch English lavender parthenium.Anthriscus cerefolium.Betula papyrifera.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Origanum vulgare. French'. orris chamaecyparissus. 38. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Convallaria majalis. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 32. Artemisia dracunculusvar. purple basil 9. 70.Ocimum basilicum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Viola tricolor. creeping juniper 26.Myrrhis odorata. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Satureja montana. 58.Pelargonium tomentosum.Nepeta cataria.Poterium sanguisorba. 34.Marrubium vulgare. 64. thrift55.Santolina florentina. lemon balm 44. marsh 42. winter savory 20.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Monarda fistulosa. blue 2. catnip 73. 78. sweet 71.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. the accents of the six large box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Because of the edging box. Foundation stone. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. the same as the smokehouse construction. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. and the two small trees.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. is used for the wall. making it more a part of the herb garden. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. < previous page page_42 next page > .
A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.A. . Landscape Architect.L.
44. fringed 43. 47.Ocimum basilicum 30.Allium schoenoprasum.Fritillaria imperialis.Crataegus laevigata. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha × piperita var.Buxus sempervirens.Myrrhis odorata. 27. 31. orange mint 19. fraxinella 17.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Mentha spicata. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. dwarf edging box 14.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 1.Chrysanthemum 28. 40.Mentha requienii.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Angelica archangelica.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. winter 42. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Satureja montana. lady's.Mentha × piperita. English 'Minimum'. sweet 26.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 35. 21. Origanum majorana. Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 34.Ocimum basilicum 32.Artemisia frigida.Crocus.Levisticum officinale. 41. Ocimum basilicum 24.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. species in variety crispum. lemon 36. Corsican 33. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.38. Asarum europaeum. Rosmarinus officinalis. balsamita.Viola tricolor. rosemary 3. 'Purpurascens'. sweet marjoram 2. lovage 46. European ginger 4.Melissa officinalis. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Aloysia triphylla. bee balm 29. Satureja hortensis. white 23. blue angelica lungwort 20. balm citrata. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia abrotanum.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. spearmint 48.The number in each planting area is the key number.Prunus domestica. Dictamnus albus. verbena English thyme 5. summer 25.Galium odoratum.Pulmonaria officinalis. pineapple mint 18.Tanacetum vulgare var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. sweet cicely45. box 'Citriodorum'. 22. purple basil sativa. 39. Symphytum officinale. sweet 37.Lilium candidum. lemon basil 15.Allium giganteum.
< previous page page_44 next page > . accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Lowgrowing. pink of Dianthus. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. although it is ample at four feet.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. too. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. The dipping bowl. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. two specimen shrubs. This hedge. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. a soil retainer. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. This is true also of the stone curbing. the dwarf box edging. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Instead. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden.
S. A.A.L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .
Mentha × piperita var. 1.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus × citriodorus.Mertensia virginica. Compactus'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 50. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. arcticus 34.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 51.Myrica pensylvanica. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. arcticus 30. Salvia officinalis.Tulipa kaufmanniana. 20. 43.Thymus herba-barona. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. black cohosh windflower 15.57. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Leucojum aestivum. 45. 53. 54. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 52.Thymus praecox subsp. 46. 58. winter savory 39. 17. caraway thyme albus. white creeping thyme lovage 10. sweet 47. 2. Spanish bluebell 16. angel's-tears 59. Origanum majorana. 40. sweet 55. Madonna 63. American 38. 36.Borago officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Crocus speciosus. 26. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 56. lily. gray 22. Thymus doerfleri.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Galanthus nivalis.Ocimum basilicum. 49. orange mint 8.Nepeta mussinii. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Helleborus niger.Crocus angustifolius.Tulipa clusiana. 44. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.The number in each planting area is the key number. prostrate rosemary 18.Teucrium canadense. clary 32. 'Lanuginosus'.Angelica archangelica. white 42.Narcissus triandrus var. 61.Anemone blanda.Helleborus lividus subsp. tulip citrata. lemon 60. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. green santolina 37.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Aloysia triphylla. catmint 35. marjoram crocus 7. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Allium giganteum angelica 11. spearmint 48.Sternbergia lutea.Digitalis grandiflora.Lilium candidum.Levisticum officinale. borage 31.Crocus kotschyanus. angustifolia 'Nana'. lamb's-ears 28.Pelargonium in variety. thyme 29.Mentha spicata.Hamamelis virginiana.Salvia sclarea. lemon 33.Convallaria majalis. verbena snowflake 19.Cimicifuga racemosa.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.Dicentra spectabilis. Stachys byzantina. rue25. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Crocus tomasinianus.Narcissus asturiensis.Pelargonium in variety.Satureja montana.Galium odoratum. golden thyme41. sweet 27.Allium christophii. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
this herb garden was designed before the house was built. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. First.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The results have been most satisfying. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Second. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Morning sun warms it early. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind.
wild celery 42.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1.L. 'Lambrook Silver'. English thyme 43. clary thyme 22. marigold 41. sweet basil 23. Beauty'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. woolly thyme 3. absinthe sativa.Artemisia lactiflora.S. The number in each planting area is the key number.A.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Thymus × citriodorus.Crocus sieberi. Origanum heracleoticum.Allium ampeloprasum. French tarragon 5.Allium neapolitanum. 25. lemon 21. Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia absinthium 24. A. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Salvia sclarea.Tulipa tarda. tulip 45.Salvia officinalis.Apium graveolens. Porrum Group. garden sage 4. . Landscape Architect. leek 46. 26. crocus 44. Ocimum basilicum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.
Viburnum plicatum Snow'. fraxinella 36.Ilex opaca. Robert verbena Brydon'. 54. red currant gray santolina 13.Dictamnus albus. yellow 55. curly parsley 20. green 40.Rosmarinus officinalis.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Cornus florida. 8.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. pink 30.Artemisia camphorata. alpine 28. Viola odorata.Lobelia siphilitica.Nepeta × faassenii.Aloysia triphylla. lovage 34.Hyssopus officinalis.Malus hupehensis.Ribes sativum. lamb's-ears 52.Clematis 'Mrs. lobelia Sherbert'.Dianthus × allwoodii. 29.Asclepias tuberosa.Galium mollugo. lemon 50. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Stachys byzantina. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Ipomoea alba. catmint 53. blue 38.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Allium senescens var. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Santolina virens. 56.Origanum majorana. clematis 11. 32. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Levisticum officinale. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.foxglove 7. weed chive 48.Allium schoenoprasum.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. butterfly 47. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. pale 49. dogwood 19. white evergreen azalea 16.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. Lavandula angustifolia. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. American elderberry 15. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Petroselinum crispum var.Achillea filipendula 60. sweet 37.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. 39. American marjoram Yellow'. 58.Aconitum napellus.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Tropaeolum minus. viola holly 18. monkshood upright yew 17.Digitalis grandiflora. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. great 31.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. Well-drained as they are. are raised with bricks on edge. The four herb beds. repeats again the octagonal form. an impression of Sol in it. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. even though the growing area is not extensive. A birdbath of copper. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. rue 35. Stachys byzantina. 1. lemon 39.Allium tuberosum.Pelargonium odoratissimum. white creeping thyme 12. French tarragon 7.Thymus praecox subsp.Nepeta mussinii. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. heliotrope 31.Aloysia triphylla.Petroselinum crispum var. 42.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Ruta graveolens. Artemisia dracunculus var. golden variegated garden sage 38. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium schoenoprasum.Poterium sanguisorba.Lavandula dentata. bush basil 23. Galium odoratum.Mentha spicata.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium denticulatum. silver mound artemisia 8. orange santolina geranium 11. lavender pine geranium chive 13. angustifolia.Pelargonium tomentosum. prostrate rosemary 34. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Thymus × citriodorus. clary 21. thyme salad burnet 40. lemon 30.Salvia sclarea. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Pelargonium crispum. French 26. 43.Marrubium vulgare. 16. crispum. spearmint southernwood 5.Ocimum basilicum. 27. curly parsley 32.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. catmint 6.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Semple.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet woodruff 9. Anethum graveolens.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. lemon 41.Mentha × piperita. sweet basil 22. lavender 15. variegated garden sage 37. rosemary 33. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme horehound 2.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Pelargonium graveolens. purple variegated garden sage 36. purple basil 24. 29. dill 18. Artemisia abrotanum. absinthe 20. curly mint 3. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Santolina 25. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. 19. peppermint 4. lamb's-ears 17. Artemisia absinthium. sativa.Lavandula angustifolia.Heliotropium arborescens. 28. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. clove pink 10.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Salvia officinalis.Joan E.
and lantana are a few. A suitable fence. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. < previous page page_52 next page > . One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. a toolhouse. too. rose geranium. A birdbath may replace the pool. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. if neither is available. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. rose. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. lemon verbena. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. There are a number of plants suitable for such use.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
A. The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. white creeping thyme 2. green 12. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. sweet santolina marjoram 6.S. zonal geranium 19. bush basil 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Chamaemelum nobile. woolly thyme 15. lemon thyme 20. 7.Origanum majorana. crispum. zonal geranium 18.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. geranium 16. lavender 3. lemon 10.Artemisia absinthium 11.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . 9. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus × citriodorus. absinthe 'Minimum'. Thymus praecox subsp.Heliotropium arborescens. heliotrope 21.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. 1. fern-leaf tansy 8. rosescented geranium 17. gray santolina chamomile 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus. verbena ambrosia 4.Chenopodium botrys.Tanacetum vulgare var. 13.L.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. A. Landscape Architect.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Pelargonium frutetorum.Rosmarinus officinalis.
but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. The dwarf box frames the focal point. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Box and holly enclose it all. These can easily obliterate a design. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. a sundial. mints. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. the design is clearly traced. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. a deep mauve to others. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. but the design itself has endured forty years. apothecary's rose. box. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Hyssop hedges define the circles. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. As the snows melt. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . artemisias. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Angelica.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Dianthus caryophyllus. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 'Albus'. feverfew 14.Armeria maritima.Sium sisarum. 56. butterfly weed35.Asarum europaeum.Syringa. blue hyssop 42.47. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. arcticus 39. rue 23.Symphytum officinale. blue 50.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. wild 52.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. orris 57.Buxus sempervirens. apothecary's rose lavender 20. winter savory 32. scented. sweet 27. thrift 41. grape fennel 19. Santolina virens.Melissa officinalis.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. absinthe 34. alpine 60. skirret 53.Reseda luteola. Satureja montana. crimson creeping thyme 18.Iris × germanica var. 1.Artemisia camphorata. valerian 6. lady's-mantle 46.Alchemilla vulgaris.Asclepias tuberosa. sweet woodruff45. 62.Sedum telephium. Origanum majorana. arcticus 40.Astrantia major.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.30.Thymus praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare var.Santolina neapolitana 36. weld 54.Helleborus niger. leaf geranium French lavender 8. Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. clove pink 29.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Teucrium chamaedrys.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. germander 43. southernwood 2.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Pyrus communis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium odoratum.Allium schoenoprasum.Paeonia officinalis. dyer's woad 9. dwarf edging box 21.Helleborus orientalis.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. florentina.63.Taxus.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Valeriana officinalis. marjoram lungwort crispum.Monarda fistulosa.Sempervivum tectorum.Alchemilla alpina.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. Graham. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. piney 44. daffodil 17. Tropaeolum majus. green. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. nasturtium 28.Stachys byzantina. 58.Artemisia absinthium. orris box 22. Canadian burnet 13.Foeniculum vulgare. 55. bronze 64.Arisaema dracontium.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. white dead 49.Myrrhis odorata. 67. lilac 70. masterwort 69.Lamium album.Vitis.Pulmonaria officinalis. 26. Pelargonium in variety.Helleborus atrorubens 12. 65.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. French thyme Madonna lily 16. white creeping thyme French'.Origanum onites. arcticus 38. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Thymus praecox subsp. green santolina 24. fern-leaf tansy 5. 48. houseleek Lenten rose 11. white 66. pot bergamot marjoram 7.James D.Hyssopus officinalis.Perillafrutescens. gray 37.Lilium candidum. yew Beauty'. garden sage Christmas rose 10. lamb's-ears 33.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Lavandula dentata. Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus praecox subsp. chamomile 31. rosemary 25. bush basil nettle orpine 4. 59. perilla 51. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Isatis tinctoria.
However. In addition to the brick edging around each. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. rising from the courtyard." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. Rosa 'Albertine'. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. The large. The brick edging around each bed is a help. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. They are small specialty beds. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. At the top of the steps. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. but no panacea for the maintenance required. If there is room for only one rambler rose. pink. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. with buds of red. include this one. < previous page page_56 next page > . Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath.
Satureja montana. Angelica archangelica. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Borago officinalis. 23. bush basil 43. angelica 20. 1. caraway 24. 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Melissa officinalis. garden sage 40. Carum carvi. winter savory 41. subsp. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. lemon balm 42.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. tansy Bois'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. alpine strawberry 3. Lavandula angustifolia.Rheum rhabarbarum. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Tanacetum vulgare. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. foxglove 39. English thyme .Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 4. rhubarb 2.
Dianthus caryophyllus 38. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. pineapple34. Consolida ambigua. centifolia var.Anethum graveolens 47. cheddar pink 53. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. prostrate rosemary 16. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.sativa. 31.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. centifolia. clove pink Mammoth'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Salvia elegans. borboniana 'La Reine 14. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.R.Marrubium vulgare.Lavandula dentata. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Laurus nobilis. geranium in 30.Origanum majorana.Chrysanthemum 46. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. pot 50. Pelargonium graveolens. rose 28.Aloysia triphylla. var. Irish-lace 48.Tagetes filifolia.Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var. 45.Satureja hortensis. 54. Mexican tea 18. musk rose 12. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. lemon 51.R. sweet 37.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. 29. Thymus 'Argenteus'. 36.Chrysanthemum balsamita.R.Calendula officinalis.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. blue hyssop 25. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.R. muscosa 15. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Pelargonium. 49. silver 27.Chenopodium 55.Mentha × piperita var.Chrysanthemum. centifolia 'Cristata'. bourbon rose 10. thyme frutescens.R. marguerite chive 9.6.R. Hyssopus officinalis. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. 56. 35. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.'Albertine'. French'. curly parsley 26. salad 7.R.Dianthus Victoria'. French 33.'Baronne Prevost'. citrata.
It is near the house. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Balance is augmented. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. < previous page page_58 next page > . too. Laid in an unusual pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. as it should be. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Origanum majorana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina virens.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. green 22.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Heliotropium arborescens. angustifolia 'Munstead'. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . arcticus 'Albus'.S.L. Landscape Architect. English thyme signet marigold 11. dill 9. white creeping thyme 4. 21.Ocimum basilicum. heliotrope 3.Anethum graveolens. sweet basil 14.Salvia officinalis. double white peony 5. English'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. 16. A. 1. gray 15.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.A. 17. dwarf edging box 8. Rosmarinus officinalis. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 24.Satureja hortensis. rosemary yellow viola 10.Myosotis sylvatica.Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. 23.Allium schoenoprasum. santolina moss rose 7. chive lemon verbena 6.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla. lavender 2. 19.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Thymus praecox subsp.Lucile Teeter Kissack. blue hyssop 13.
Herbs. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. potted lemon verbena. and a comfortable. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . The grape vines. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. too. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. winter pruned.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and the grape arbor. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. the fence with roses. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Teucrium chamaedrys. Iris cristata. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. purple variegated garden sage 4.Connecticut Vera Breed. Nepeta mussinii. Stachys byzantina. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Aloysia triphylla. marsh climbing rose. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. lemon Linum perenne. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. BED II germander BED IV 2. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Valeriana officinalis. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. sweet climbing rose. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Galium odoratum. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Althaea officinalis. conical yew rosemary 1. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. three. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. 3.
pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. tuberosa 6. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. beach Marrubium vulgare. creeping thyme in variety 8. Sempervivum. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . angustifolia 'Munstead'. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Thymus. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Chamaemelum nobile. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. plume Baptisia australis. catmint 5. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. houseleek in variety 7. Delphinium × belladonna. fairy rose Giant'. lemon Anemone hybrida. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lemon thyme 9. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 10.
its detail is shown below. this was replaced with ''edging" box. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. silver. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. holly. and bright green in the herb beds. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. magnolia. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Either it flourished too well. myrtle. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. planted in bands across these beds. blue green. Ivy. grew too large. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. tend to broaden the width of the garden. Another angle could be tried with these. Later. if desired. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Herbs. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
19.Marrubium vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. thyme 38. ears rose geranium 3. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Mentha suaveolens. box chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 15. American holly 31.Thymus carnosus. salad 43. arcticus 'Albus'.Buxus sempervirens 14. French thyme 39. bush basil albula. Tropaeolum minus.Thymus praecox subsp.Hedera helix. silver-king artemisia 23. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. 44.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium fragrans. 33. bayberry balm thyme 13.Magnolia grandiflora. spearmint 42. dwarf 21. horehound germander 17.Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf edging box 11. 25. 'Minimum'.Mentha spicata. sweet 34. Stachys byzantina. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Chamaemelum nobile. 6.Artemisia dracunculus var. rue 20.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia. French 27. woolly thyme 8.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum.Satureja montana. myrtle 47.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Teucrium chamaedrys. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. sweet woodruff 36. Borago officinalis.Origanum majorana. 28.Levisticum officinale. bay rosemary 12. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Artemisia ludoviciana var. English'.Pelargonium × nervosum. thyme 37.Thymus herba-barona. Ruta graveolens.Rumex scutatus.Thymus × citriodorus. English ivy burnet 10. purple garden sage 7.Monarda didyma. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. lamb's. lovage 48. lemon 29. English thyme chamomile 2. borage 26. winter 'Purpurascens'.Ilex opaca.Vinca minor. white creeping thyme 41. Ocimum basilicum 24.Myrica pensylvanica. purple basil savory 35. Ocimum basilicum 22. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. tansy 45.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lemon 46. 1.Melissa officinalis. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. caraway thyme 40. lime geranium 4. 49.Thymus doerfleri. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. bee balm30.Laurus nobilis.
Each of the four gardens has a center of interest.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. The four potted bay. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. Laurus nobilis. It is a large garden. It is located for the best viewing. maypoles. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. accent this prime focal point even more. and treessome of which are espaliered. potted shrubs. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. adding to the space for walking. too. There is variety in the walks. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. < previous page page_64 next page > . brick. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. too. standards. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. The use of flagstone. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence.
apple English thyme up geranium 3. 49. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Thymus × citriodorus. 1.quercifolium.50. 51. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .P. love-in. musty oakscented geranium 5.P.odoratissimum.Chrysanthemum balsamita. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.Nigella damascena. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.Calendula officinalis.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. wild 28. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 25.P. fragrans.Chenopodium botrys. winter 27.P. lemon 29. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. pot 52.acerifolium.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Satureja montana.P. Johnny-jump. 26.53.Viola tricolor.
71. white creeping thyme geranium 68. fern-leaf 60. lemon geranium 56.Thymus praecox subsp. rose geranium66.Petroselinum crispum. classic 21.P. denticulatum.72. peppermint 67.Foeniculum vulgare. radens 'Dr.Pelargonium crispum. lemon 47. bee balm 63. crispum 'Minor'. bay 20.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. 44. sweet flag 16. pheasant's. salad 42.Fragaria vesca.Acorus calamus. crispum. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. white sweet yarrow violet 13. parsley 35. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Anethum graveolens. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Achilleafilipendula.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.P.P. horehound 46.Artemisia abrotanum. bronze 38. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lime geranium 55.P. lemon southernwood geranium 34. glutinosum.Allium senescens var.Salvia officinalis. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. pine crispum. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Malus angustifolia.Levisticum officinale.Thymus serpyllum. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Lavandula angustifolia.P. graveolens.Tanacetum vulgare var. cherry tomato chive 17. lemon geranium 33. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 65.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. dill 36. orange geranium 23. denticulatum 11.Mentha pulegium.Mentha. box 19. garden sage 54. 41.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. 61.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon-rose geranium 22.P. Hyssopus officinalis. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Artemisia dracunculus var. Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 8. English lavender 32.Malus.Origanum majorana. tomentosum. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.P. 64.P.Myrtus communis.P. crowfoot 70. forsythia 'Albus'.Livingston'.× nervosum.Poncirus trifoliata.P.Viola odorata. camphor-scented geranium 69. 58.Melissa officinalis.P. strawberry 48.Monarda didyma.Aloysia triphylla. wild thyme 31.Salvia caerulea.P.Allium schoenoprasum. radens. lettuce 39. golden lemon thyme 7.Laurus nobilis.Origanum dictamnus. blue hyssop 10.Forsythia. 57. sweet 37. lettuce 40.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Marrubium vulgare. arcticus43. 62.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. rosemary 9.6. French tarragon Rose'.P. lemon balm 45. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .
and Allium karataviense. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. < previous page page_66 next page > . In keeping with this feeling. too. This is a large garden by any standard. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. The result is one of sculptured elegance. green santolina.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Satureja montana. lemon 11. winter savory 9.Liriope muscari. green santolina 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus. French tarragon schoenoprasum. apple mint 13. dwarf garden 17.Thymus praecox subsp.Foeniculum vulgare. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. 1.Allium christophii. gray 10.Levisticum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. 8.Florence B. fringed 7. Artemisia dracunculus var. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . Baker.Thymus × citriodorus. chive 4. arcticus. 15.Allium moly. Mentha suaveolens.Allium sativa.Salvia officinalis.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. blue hyssop 16. Santolina virens. big blue lilyturf 12.Artemisia frigida. garden sage 18. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. wormwood fennel 2.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
the square. the upper deck. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. the circle. and the front porch of the house.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. < previous page page_70 next page > . and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Many herb gardens could provide this. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. for the box after new spring growth.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Satureja montana. 1.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Chamaemelum nobile.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. viola 3. lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cupressus sempervirens. dwarf myrtle 6. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . dwarf edging box 7. lemon 8. chamomile 2.Cedrus deodara. Italian cypress 9.
1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . from Peter Coats.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. as it was with this plan. Paths are gravel. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Roses. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer.. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Coin with Tudor rose design. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Bellis perennis. pot marigold 15. fennel 21.Primula vulgaris.Fragaria vesca.Viola tricolor. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Viola odorata.Satureja montana.Mentha × piperita.Carum carvi. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Iris pseudacorus. classic myrtle 18. blue hyssop 2. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Lavandula angustifolia.Anemone pulsatilla.Calendula officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. wild thyme 5. monkshood27. 34. caraway 35. clove20.Melissa officinalis. earth 24. Eryngium maritimum.Lilium candidum.Fumaria officinalis. Hyssopus officinalis.Myrtus communis. lemon balm 31. English daisy 36. saffron lily crocus 12.Aconitum napellus.Primula elatior. Thymus serpyllum. Chamaemelum nobile. parsley 29.Poterium sanguisorba.Ruta graveolens. oxlip 17.Crithmum maritimum. spearmint 30. absinthe peppermint 8. Madonna 23. Origanum majorana.Crocus sativus. English pasqueflower primrose 14. chamomile 4. Malva sylvestris. sweet violet 6. yellow flag 26. 25. sweet marjoram 3.Petroselinum crispum.Buxus sempervirens. Foeniculum vulgare. rosemary 16.The number in each planting area is the key number. winter 32. 1. mallow 13. Dianthus caryophyllus.Mentha spicata. rue 33. lettuce 28. 22.Lactuca sativa. salad burnet 10. 19. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .
they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. spurred. its tufted. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. plumed. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. However. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. silver mound. but Always Love. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. white blooms and woolly. Selected for this reason. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. most of the blooms are nightscented. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . white. along with a measure of fragrance. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden." Concrete blocks. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden.
Lilium candidum. lamb's. petunia 30. sweet 31. Thymus 'Argenteus'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Santolina chamaecyparissus. white . 17. pink 15.Dictamnus albus. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Marrubiam vulgare. 1. horehound 2.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Galanthus nivalis. 'Albus'. white 32.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. Stachys byzantina.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Galium odoratum. silver 16. silver mound artemisia 3.19.
crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Polianthes tuberosa.Iris × germanica var. white 27.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Malus 'Guiding Star'. 25. Viola odorata. orris 8. rose 40. tuberose 36. rose 41. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. 28. tulip 37.Matthiola incana.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. daffodil 35.Hesperis matronalis. Adam's. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Ipomoea alba. lily-ofthe-valley 11. beach mugwort wormwood 9. white stock absinthe 10. 26. dame's honesty rocket 14. clary 24.21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. needle florentina.6.Artemisia ludoviciana. moonflower 39.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. lavender 12.Artemisia stellerana. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. 23.Lunaria annua.Convallaria majalis.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. albula. sweet violet 20.Rosa 'Cinderella'. tulip 38. Yucca filamentosa. Artemisia absinthium. white 22. Artemisia lactiflora.Salvia sclarea. western mugwort 7.
A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. too. Rather. required their use as an educational adjunct. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. This herb garden. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. < previous page page_76 next page > . textures. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. related to an old mill reconstruction. Many of these herbs lack the hues. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Anchusa officinalis. Linum usitatissimum.Indigofera tinctoria. alkanet 52. onion China jute 4. fuller's 30. broad 42. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Phytolacca americana.Agrimonia eupatoria.Dipsacus sativus.Cladrastis lutea.Furcraea hexapetala.Rumex acetosa. ramie 24. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Isatis tinctoria. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Prunus persica.Filipendula ulmaria.Viburnum acerifolium. Boehmeria nivea.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. henequen marigold bearberry 8. madder 54. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. dyer's broom safflower 6.Berberis vulgaris. 32.Pteridium aquilinum.Crocus sativus. blueberry 13.Galium verum.Allium cepa.. weld 57. 48.Rhus typhina. golden 40. 29. Scotch broom hemp 7.Ligustrum vulgare. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Parmelia conspersa. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . 37. 53. lily.Galium odoratum. 26. 47. 35.Rubia tinctorum.38. African 45. peach bracken sorrel 19.Cotinus coggygria.Convallaria majalis. Hibiscus cannabinus.Sanguinaria canadensis. saffron crocus marguerite 3. 22.Polygonum hydropiperoides. garden 56.Coptis trifolia. 1. 28. queen.Carthamus tinctorius. 23. goldthread 41. Agave sisalana. sisal 27. bee 36.Morus rubra or alba. woad Susan laevifolium. 34. Agave fourcroydes.Hydrastis canadensis. dyer's 31.Cytisus scoparius. Gossypium hirsutum.Genista germanica. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. Manila 25.51.Chelidonium majus.Anthemis tinctoria. flax 21.Tagetes erecta.Reseda luteola. stinging nettle44. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Mahonia aquifolium. Abutilon theophrasti. St. 43. privet marigold 15.Coreopsis tinctoria.Rumex obtusifolius. 39. 20. Musa textilis.Urtica dioica. French 33.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. yellow 55.Monarda didyma. Sansevieria trifasciata. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.46. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. sumac poke 17.Tagetes patula.Rudbeckia hirta. black-eyed 50. sweet 49.Hypericum perforatum.Genista tinctoria.Solidago species.
< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. Elsewhere. as well as the roses. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. A totally appealing edging. < previous page page_78 next page > . a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Sombreuil'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 22. rambler 20. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. rambler 19. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Marie Pavic' 8. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Belle Amour' 6. cl. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 18. 'American Pillar'. 23. cl. Alfred de Rougemont'. 1. 24. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Queen of the Prairies'. cl. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'White Rose of York' 3. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. cl. 25.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. Legras de St. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > .
This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. The notch of four square feet. < previous page page_80 next page > . It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. Circles and angles provide interest. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.B. C. annuum 'Black Prince'. celery Bed 9. giant garlic var.A.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . annuum 'Red Boy'.B. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. eggplant 43. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 22. Petroselinum crispum var.A. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. lycopersicum var.annuum 'Floral Gem'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. annuum 'Teno'.A.Apium graveolens var.B.B.esculentum 'Long Black'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. 26. leek 5.sativa 'Ruby'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. 30. white-flowered kale 49. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. C. 27. 45. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.B.S.A. red 38. cepa Proliferum Group. dulce 50.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.B. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. 25. melongena 1. crispum 'Banquet'. ruby swiss chard var. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. celery Group. Boerner.C. cherry tomato 34.Cichorium intybus. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. 24. 28. red-flowered kale 6.C. annuum 'Mosaic'. dulce 47. Capsicum annuum var. melongena 2. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. kohlrabi Rock'. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. oleracea 'Green Parade'. 29.L. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.A. graveolens var. dulce 'Utah 5270'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. annuum 'Nosegay'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Fips'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.C.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.L. C. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. graveolens var. annuum 'Pinocchio'. pear Purple Vienna'. garlic chive 44. chive 42. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. C. 32.A.B. graveolens var. oleracea 'Prima'.C. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. C. sprouts celery 8. celery I 31. C. schoenoprasum. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. Beauty'. red 37.B. annuum 'Golden Bell'. 39.Solanum melongena var.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.B. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. 40. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.C.B. tuberosum. curly eggplant parsley 23.A. 48. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. C.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.A.A. shallot Lakes'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. annuum 'Variegata'.S.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B. scorodoprasum. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.C.
and golden thyme. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. When viewed from the terrace above. for each is a complete entity. All of the circles. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. arcs. winter savory.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
winter 13.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. inkberry geranium 9.P. Santolina virens.P.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. P. tomentosum. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P.. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P.S. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. P. germander crowfoot geranium 21. 1.P. Marshall. Assoc. maple-leaved 18.P. rose-scented geranium 4. golden 11.P.P. 15. P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. × nervosum 'Torento'. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. Satureja montana. gooseberry geranium 24.P. 17. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P. lemon geranium 22. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.Ilex glabra. The number in each planting area is the key number. lime geranium Rose'. rose geranium 27. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. acerifolium.P. Livingston'.Melissa R. 29.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. apple gray santolina geranium 3. pungent-scented geranium 25. orange geranium 8. scabrum. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. odoratissimum.' lemon geranium 23. 19. Landscape Architect. grossularioides. peppermint 26. radens 'Dr. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.A. oak-leaved geranium 16. crispum. × domesticum 6.× nervosum.Myrica pensylvanica.P. Teucrium chamaedrys.L.P. 12.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P.P. graveolens. A. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. green 14. crispum 'French Lace. apricot geranium28.
Santolina virens. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. Its interspaces can be mulched. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. For the knot to look its best at all times." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. or marble chips. and growth to the plants of the knot design. . especially when it is blooming. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. blue hyssop 3. English lavender 2.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel.Hyssopus officinalis. closed knot design. such as a dwarf edging box. Maintenance is high for a knot.Lavandula angustifolia. texture. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. on page 37. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. filled with plants that have contrasting color. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. 1. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. was planted using edging box only. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. sand. which is framed with a brick edging. To ease the care for a more complicated design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.
green santolina 2. 1. arcticus 'Coccineus'. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . dwarf edging box 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 3.
A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. caraway thyme 9. herba-barona. the height of the edging. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.T. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.T. arcticus 'Coccineus'. In another departure from the usual. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. The knot material is maintained at six inches. Some maintenance is required for clipping. arcticus 'Albus'. praecox subsp. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. variegated garden sage . A dwarf box ties it together at the center. 1. which is found more often out in the open.Thymus praecox subsp.officinalis 'Tricolor'. which are confined to that area. 8. 'Munstead'. fig 4.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. purple variegated 11. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. creeping thymes. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.S. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Teucrium chamaedrys. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. Rosmarinus officinalis. white 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
gray santolina 2.Teucrium canadense.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. lavender .< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. American germander 3.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. germander . Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.
which are also laid on edge. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. again laid on edge. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. each one a quarter-circle. pleasing color. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. a complement for the colors of the plant material.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. < previous page page_88 next page > . The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. adding another facet to an appealing design. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
Lavandula dentata var. fern-leaf yarrow 27. glaucum 11. dwarf 12. curry plant 7. Russian sage 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia frigida. 18.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Helichrysum angustifolium. 16.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Stachys byzantina.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue sage 13. angustifolia 'Rosea'. rue 21. tree germander 22. French lavender 3. silver thyme 6. gray santolina 2.Leontopodium alpinum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. 1. silver horehound 19.Allium senescens var. woolly yarrow 23.Anthemis marschalliana.Marrubium incanum.The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. candicans. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. 17. golden marguerite 25. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Salvia clevelandii. samphire14.Crithmum maritimum.Santolina neapolitana 10.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. tree artemisia 26. lavender 9.Teucrium fruticans. lavender 5. dwarf gray santolina 20.Anthemis tinctoria. lavender 8.Artemisia arborescens.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Salvia argentea. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. silver sage 15.
the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. are without number. oregano. lady's-mantle. The color of the container plays a lesser role. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. Some are rosemary. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. If one is familiar with herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. < previous page page_90 next page > . As with other plant material. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. thyme. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. basil. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Styles of containers. and the savories. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. which include hanging baskets. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. sweet marjoram.
providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > .
< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
LandscapeArchitect. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.L. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. such an outlay would be unwarranted. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. A.A. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Of course supervision is necessary. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. However. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. If children's interest is not sustained. < previous page page_95 next page > .S.
There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. < previous page page_96 next page > . If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. Children in this age group can help with the construction. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Just keep a garden design for children simple." selected for their greater fragrance. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. too. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. These are ''old roses. they are easily handpicked. Instead of benches on the patio. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs.
A.L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. A. .
Chenopodium botrys. lovage 12. dill pennyroyal 11. American 21. garden sage 24. English lavender 7. summer savory 22.Isatis tinctoria.rocambole 28.Nepeta cataria. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. borage 15.Allium sativum var.Lavandula angustifolia. 20.The number in each planting area is the key number. 16.Artemisia camphorata. ambrosia 2. Levisticum officinale. alpine strawberry 3.Allium tuberosum. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . damask rose 32. pot marigold 8. Petroselinum crispum var.Tropaeolum minus.Allium moly. crispum. love-in-a-mist 14. catnip 27. 19. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Dianthus plumarius. Italian parsley 23.Calendula officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Salvia sclarea. 1.Origanum majorana. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Marrubium vulgare. dwarf 6.Rosa gallica. Borago officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. neapolitanum.Hedeoma pulegioides.Petroselinum crispum var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium senescens var.Salvia officinalis.Rosa damascena. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. horehound 26. lily leek 30.Anethum graveolens. glaucum 31. ophioscorodon. garlic chive 29. Nigella damascena. clary 25.Artemisia abrotanum. cottage pink 18. 13.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. southernwood 5. dyer's bush basil woad 9. English lavender 4.Satureja hortensis.
plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The oval. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. previously used as a skating rink. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. < previous page page_98 next page > . for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. are a seal and a turtle. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. The sculptures. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. All are inviting to the touch. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. not noted on the plan.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair.
.R. F.A. Landscape Architect.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.
fat-hen Primula veris. Trifolium pratense. fleabane Stellaria. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. Greek Stachys byzantina. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum.Hedeoma pulegioides. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. borage Tanacetum vulgare. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm Satureja montana. Nepeta cataria. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. bee orchid Erigeron. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. marigold Salvia officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. tansy Monarda didyma. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. winter savory Mentha. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. coltsfoot Mimulus. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. mint Tagetes. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . donkey's tail Monarda punctata. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. Foeniculum vulgare. Allium schoenoprasum. mint Galium odoratum. English Tussilago farfara. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. cowslip Linaria. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. chamomile Mentha. chive dandelion Allium sativum. dog violet Lemna. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. duckweed Antennaria. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale.
Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. A number of wooden window frames. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. for an old barn foundation of stone. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. Their height eases the task of weeding. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. and old barn beams another about the same height. developed particularly for study. its wooden structure long gone. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. an exceedingly long one. a mint. Its plant list. < previous page page_101 next page > . it is a most satisfying growing situation. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Still. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Instead. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Here. feverfew. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
P.P. rue 83. bee balm lovage 20.Rubia tinctorum.Valeriana officinalis. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. × citriodorus. 62. 45.Levisticum officinale. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. stellerana. rose costmary campion 23. southernwood ground cherry 10. 'Purpurascens'. French tarragon geranium 7. 61.Pulmonaria officinalis.A. lesser 67. praecox subsp.S.Aloysia triphylla.Veronica serpyllifolia. praecox subsp.Echium vulgare. didyma 'Rosea'. basilicum 'Minimum'. skirret 90. tomentosum.A.Agastache foeniculum. wild lemon basil ginger 16. alpine savory 89.Poterium sanguisorba. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. herba-barona. basilicum 56. golden marjoram 26.Alchemilla vulgaris.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. 54. odoratissimum.Sium sisarum. pallasianus. yarrow herb Robert 4.Nepeta mussinii.Myrrhis odorata. 64.Stachys grandifora 93.O. wormwood germander 9. pot marjoram bugloss 27. Roman 46. sweet 53.Ranunculus ficaria.Geranium robertianum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia dracunculus var. golden thyme 98. 55. silver thyme 105. odorous thyme 104. rampion 81. 44. angelica lemon geranium 5. 50.-John'swort 91. richardii subsp.Stachys officinalis.Euphorbia cyparissias. golden variegated garden sage 86.M.T. onites. nitidus.Achillea millefolium.Acinos alpinus. St.O. crispum. rosemary 82. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Campanula rapunculus. majorana. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Satureja montana.Pelargonium crispum.S. pontica.Sempervivum tectorum. golden lemon thyme 99. caraway thyme 103. southernwood houseleek 12.A. mosquito plant 19.Angelica archangelica. lemon 52. creeping veronica . fern-leaf tansy 95. 1. 66.T. sweet 41. white creeping thyme 97. crimson creeping thyme 96. foxglove 2. woolly thyme 101. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. officinalis 'Aurea'. pink 58.Tanacetum vulgare var.S.Ruta graveolens. 42. officinalis 'Tricolor'. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet cicely 94.O.O.Viola tricolor. abrotanum.A. foxglove cypress spurge 21.P. sweet violet 40. beach 47.T. plantain 80.Calendula officinalis.Salvia officinalis. thyme 102. catmint 63. arcticus 'Albus'. 'Clear Gold'.Monarda didyma.Genista tinctoria. viper's 65. betony 92.Physalis heterophylla.Plantago major. balm horehound 14. apple wormwood geranium 8. absinthe 51.Rosmarinus officinalis. 48.Galium odoratum.T. purple basil English lavender 18. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. pot marigold 25. winter savory 88.T. celandine madder 79. lemon thyme 100. garden sage 84.Viola odorata.Asarum canadense.T.O.Digitalis lanata.T.Agastache cana.Chelidonium majus. absinthium.Hypericum perforatum. rose sativa. basil blue hyssop 15. camphor.Hyssopus officinalis.T. 43.Chrysanthemum balsamita.A. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Grecian 59.A. purple variegated garden sage 85.T 'Argenteus'. variegated garden sage 87.Campanula persicifolia.Digitalis purpurea.Althaea officinalis. graveolens.Lychnis coronaria.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon verbena 106. 60.Ocimum basilicum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. camphorata. calamint valerian 24. sweet celandine marjoram 28. marsh mallow 13.49. bee balm57.Marrubium vulgare.Melissa officinalis.Calamintha grandiflora.
M. feverfew cinerariifolium.Cichorium intybus. citrata. chicory 70.M. blattaria. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . pineapple mint 31.V.Allium sativum.Chamaemelum nobile. dyer's woad 110. × gentilis. tree onion 112. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. 114. spicata.M.Lilium candidum. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. pin cherry 39.29. 76. cowslip 72.Anthriscus cerefolium.Veronica officinalis.Oenothera biennis.Mentha suaveolens.Helichrysum angustifolium.Origanum vulgare. yucca 109.Primula veris.A.Yucca filamentosa.Chrysanthemum 74.Prunus pensylvanica. orach115.Atriplex hortensis. garlic 111. ostrowskianum 34.Dianthus plumarius 75.Symphytum officinale.Chrysanthemum parthenium. Proliferum Group.Isatis tinctoria. orange mint 32. 71.Laurus nobilis.A.Chrysanthemum 78. Madonna lily leucanthemum.M. evening 77.Lysimachia vulgaris. wild 116. oxeye daisy mullein 36. red mint comfrey 33. moth 113. chervil 68. apple mint 69.Myrtus communis. suaveolens 'Variegata'. spearmint 107. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. chamomile 30. 73.cepa.Sorbaria sorbifolia. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. veronica 108.Origanum dictamnus. × piperita var.Verbascum thapsus. curry plant mullein 35.
and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. < previous page page_104 next page > . Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. not just hiding it. but not obvious. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. A statue of St. A wheelshaped bed. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Francis. its outline constructed of brick. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. of good proportion for the size of the opening. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. Eriobotrya japonica. potato Brassica eruca. Cestrum nocturnum. poet's Solidago californica.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. AREA IV Ixia maculata. white Justicia carnea. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. lion's-ear prismaticum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. only those not found on other lists are noted here. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. AREA VI japonica. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. loquat Cichorium intybus. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. menthifolia. Eleocharis dulcis. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. labdanum Cistus crispus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. cat Watsonia rosea. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. Vetiveria zizanioides. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var.
scented-leaf geraniums. to name a few. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. and a third a culinary garden. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. is a center of interest. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. or potpourri. another a Mary garden. not only for hardiness where needed. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The exterior brick path. emphasizes the circle. but also for proper leaf size. its pattern bordered in correct proportion.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. an "old rose" and fragrant. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. One is a garden of legends. < previous page page_106 next page > . a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Ruta graveolens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. English ivy rosemary 8. Johnny-jump.20. 1. garden up sage 10. Hyssopus officinalis.Brassica nigra. rue 28. pyrethrum 5.Alchemilla vulgaris. Linum usitatissimum. Angelica archangelica. angelica 2.Salvia officinalis. black 23. Chamaemelum nobile. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Mentha spicata. pot 26.19. saffron crocus marigold 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme 13. dill 11. Artemisia absinthium. sweet 21. white dead 24. Chrysanthemum balsamita. lady's. absinthe 4.Calendula officinalis. Anethum graveolens. chive bedstraw 16. chamomile 3. blue 18. costmary 6. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Allium schoenoprasum. Viola tricolor. spearmint 22.Hedera helix.Galium verum.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Crocus sativus.The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow 25. sweet marjoram basil 12.Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Narcissus mustard 14. hyssop rose 9. 27.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Lamium album. flax 17.
No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. < previous page page_108 next page > .< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations.
damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. spearmint Mentha × piperita. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . bay Echeveria × imbricata. perennial flax Galium odoratum. clove Marrubium vulgare. beach Monarda didyma.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Myrrhis odorata. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. blue Lamium maculatum. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. Artemisia absinthium. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. sweet Myrtus communis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Cotinus coggygria. rue Malva alcea var. fastigiata. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. peppermint Laurus nobilis. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. Russian 'Prostratus'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis.
simply on a smaller scale. Viewed from the terrace garden. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. Appropriately used as accents. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. millstones. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. The generous use of edgings.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. features a closed knot of superior design. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. This is a general rule observed. and huge. < previous page page_110 next page > . too. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens.
Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. Design plan of herb garden 1. 'Tiny Rubies'. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. dwarf box . Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. lavender 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. germander 2. A. cheddar pink 4. green santolina 6.Teucrium chamaedrys.L. blue hyssop 3. gray santolina 7.A. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. has its size dictated by a rule of design. Landscape Architect. The number in each planting area is the key number. six feet in diameter.S. of greater size than is commonly found. and the mulch. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina virens. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. that of good proportion. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Hyssopus officinalis.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. Routine clipping is required.
fringe tree Syringa reticulata var.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. box Myrica pensylvanica. honey locust Cornus florida. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. dogwood Pinus nigra. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. box Calycanthus fioridus. shadbush Salix caprea. quince Magnolia virginiana. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. beach plum Corylus avellana. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. goat willow Sassafras albidum. japonica. plum Prunus maritima. black haw Prunus americana. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis.
silver thyme T. However. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. As a rule. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. 'Annie Hall' T. Rosmarinus. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. Salvia. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. praecox subsp. praecox subsp. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. 'Doone Valley' . Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. caraway thyme T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. herba-barona. leucotrichus T. Lavandula. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. arcticus T. doerfleri T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. its plant material varied. 'Argenteus'. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. and a miscellany of others. Currently.
pine-scented rosemary R. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet lavender L. dentata. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. guaranitica. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustissimus. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. officinalis 'Purpurea'.T. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Prostratus'. heterophylla. Mexican bush sage S. purple variegated garden sage S. praecox subsp. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. blue sage S. English lavender L. involucrata. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. ramie . greggii. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia. arcticus 'Coccineus'. golden rosemary R. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia subsp. golden thyme T. leucantha. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. anise sage S. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. autumn sage S. 'Clear Gold'. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. officinalis 'Aurea'. crimson creeping thyme T.
edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
Hesperis matronalis. constructed of brick made on the property. culinary. Primarily. Prunella vulgaris. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. a well beside the house. horsetail. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. rupturewort. Physostegia virginiana. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Sium sisarum. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. balmony. for scrubbing pots. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Smith. Circumstances determined these priorities. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. obedient plant. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. L. The apple trees. The house. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. which were located between the water supply. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Cheloneglabra. Equisetum arvense. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Herniaria glabra. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. used in salads or boiled. family needsmedicinal. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. to lure bees. to sweeten the air.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife.
while functional. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. < previous page page_116 next page > . the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. for a few are in use now. too. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. too. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. Today. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Gardenia jasminoides. bay 7. 1. Cape jasmine 10.Allium sativum.Lonicera flava. fig 6.Ficus carica.Lagerstroemia indica.Rosmarinus officinalis.Laurus nobilis. garlic 9.Sambucus canadensis. trumpet 11. Banksia rose 14. yellow 12. pomegranate 3. 15.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Syringa × persica var. wisteria 13.Punica granatum.Rosa banksiae. rosemary 2. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lonicera sempervirens. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Prunus angustifolia. 16. southern laciniata.Pinus taeda.Malus angustifolia.Wisteria frutescens. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.
the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. too. < previous page page_118 next page > . They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Appropriately. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The effect would be quite different without them. Italy. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
sweet 64. pot 48.Acorus calamus.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 27. 55. bay lavender wintergreen 21. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Punica granatum. yellow-root 7. 50. catnip 34.Hamamelis virginiana. American holly 16.Chimaphila umbellata. sweet flag marigold 24. clove 36.Elizabeth Lawrence. great 47. black 29.Ilex vomitoria.Lavandula angustifolia. 38. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. 43.Hyssopus officinalis. box chamomile 9. 60. 68. horsemint lobelia 23. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Artemisia abrotanum. agrimony 58.Ocimum basilicum.Lilium candidum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Buxus sempervirens. foxglove 41.Achillea millefolium.Ilex opaca.Eupatorium perfoliatum. myrtle 53.Salvia officinalis. borage 31. 66. 63.Marrubium vulgare. 70.Dipsacus sativus. blue 44.Foeniculum vulgare. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. trumpet honeysuckle 4. butterfly 32.Lobelia siphilitica. 37.Asarum virginicum. 54. gray santolina witch hazel 11. sweet shrub 10. peppermint 52.Melissa officinalis.Cornus florida. wild ginger69.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.57.Tanacetum vulgare.Mentha × piperita.Monarda didyma.Rosa laevigata.Borago officinalis. 30.Dianthus caryophyllus. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Digitalis purpurea.Laurus nobilis. lovage 35.Chamaemelum nobile. hyssop sassafras 20.Hypericum perforatum.Sassafras albidum. balm autumn crocus 2. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Rubus allegheniensis.Galium odoratum.Anethum graveolens.Populus balsamifera.Agrimonia eupatoria. dogwood horehound 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue 56. peony 51. tansy 65. lemon 26. saffron crocus 25. 1.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Crocus sativus. 33.Pinckneya pubens. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 45.Calycanthus fioridus. blue 46.Nepeta cataria.Mentha pulegium. bee balm 28.Allium schoenoprasum. senna woodruff 15. sativa.Asclepias tuberosa. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Mentha spicata. fuller's teasel 67.Levisticum officinale. garden sage 59.Symphytum officinale.Monarda punctata. basil chive 3. 61. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Gaultheria procumbens.Cimicifuga racemosa. 42. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Armoracia rusticana.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Teucrium chamaedrys.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Ruta graveolens.Verbascum thapsus.Calendula officinalis.Cassia marilandica. St. mullein 49.Lindera benzoin.Paeonia officinalis. dill 39.Colchicum autumnale. yarrow lungwort 22. spearmint 62.Vinca minor. fennel 40.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lonicera sempervirens.
Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. 1 T. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. and fragrances they developed. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. This is true for the remedies. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. of herbs for one loaf of bread. preventives. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. of herbs per pound for meat loaf.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. < previous page page_120 next page > . In any event. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T.
Nepeta cataria. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garden sage 8.Papaver somniferum.Artemisia absinthium.Digitalis purpurea.Lavandula angustifolia. Calendula officinalis. apothecary's rose 22. horehound 15.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Levisticum officinale. foxglove 12. horsemint 20.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum. winter savory 4. sweet marjoram 6. black haw 23. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . English thyme rosemary 7. catnip 16.Pyrus communis.Cydonia oblonga.Monarda punctata.Tanacetum vulgare. pot marigold 2.Mentha × piperita. lavender lovage 3.Marrubium vulgare. 14.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Carum carvi. spearmint 17. tansy 11.Salvia officinalis. caraway 19. absinthe 9.Origanum majorana.Hyssopus officinalis. opium poppy 5. quince 24. English 10.Mentha spicata. peppermint 18.Viburnum prunifolium. sweet basil 13. blue hyssop 21.
Some could be used singly. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. Shaded by hop vines. The beds are used to achieve balance. and bricks raise the beds. often it is reconstructed. makes it something of a focal point.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. to study it. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. from early Moravian settlements. the other 1761. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Allowed such freedom of expression. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The main paths of brick unify the garden. < previous page page_122 next page > . A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. for example the large square bed with circular path. one dated 1759. centrally located. Thus it was for this garden. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. and if the best has not always survived.
S. Landscape Architect.L. Campbell.A. . A.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.
fennel marjoram 28. comfrey 33.Stachys officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Narcissus poeticus. stock 50.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Foeniculum vulgare.Coriandrum sativum. clary 30. cabbage angustifolia. 48.Silybum marianum. eglantine Group. hyssop maypop 42. 54.Passiflora incarnata. holy thistle 58. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Petroselinum crispum.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha × piperita.Chamaemelum nobile.Rosa moschata.Magnolia grandiflora. cockscomb 47. asparagus 31.Rosa eglanteria.Cnicus benedictus. English 78. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. English thyme 2. dwarf nasturtium 13. orach 76. black cumin 46.Symphytum officinale. columbine 29.Allium sativum.Salvia viridis. sweet 71.Cercis canadensis.Rosa centifolia. 62.Rheum rhabarbarum.Crocus sativus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tropaeolum minus. virgin's bower 40. elecampane 11.Salvia sclarea.Anethum graveolens. caraway 72. redbud 24. clove 53. chamomile 17. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Alcea rosea.Narcissus tazetta.Rubia tinctorum.Matthiola incana. yarrow 4.Dianthus caryophyllus.Hyssopus officinalis. daisy crape myrtle 23.Artemisia vulgaris.Lilium candidum. red pepper 20. sorrel 65. lavender rose 21. balm chive 37.Armoracia rusticana. rue 14.Aquilegia vulgaris. garden sage 15.Ficus. marsh mallow 7. annual clary 3. 52.Rosa gallica. sweet 55. horehound 56. betony 82.Scabiosa atropurpurea. borage 5. corn poppy 79. madder 16.Rosa roxburghii. basil moss rose 44. 1.Humulus lupulus. absinthe 45. hop southernwood 39.Artemisia abrotanum. autumn crocus 34.Salvia officinalis.Asparagus officinalis. grape larkspur 41.Carum carvi.Rumex acetosa.Hydrangea quercifolia. 66.Bellis perennis.Althaea officinalis. 80. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Colchicum autumnale. French rose 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue 63. 74. 68. tansy 6. polyanthus narcissus 60.Vitis. damask coriander rose 19.Origanum majorana. Carolina jessamine 38.Atriplex hortensis.Artemisia absinthium.Borago officinalis. love. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Ocimum basilicum.Papaver rhoeas. rhubarb 10.Consolida ambigua. blessed thistle 8.Clematis virginiana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosa damascena. garden nasturtium 12.Celosia cristata. catnip 70. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . dill 73. rosemary49.Melissa officinalis. garlic lungwort 36. Madonna lily 59. chestnut rose 43. blue 69. spearmint 57.Gelsemium sempervirens.Cornusflorida.Levisticum officinale. lovage 9.Inula helenium.Saponaria officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Amaranthus caudatus.Pulmonaria officinalis. poet's narcissus 61.Achillea millefolium. hollyhock 51.Marrubium vulgare.Nepeta cataria.Nigella sativa.Mentha spicata. lemon 64.Ruta graveolens.Tropaeolum majus.77.Lagerstroemia indica. parsley 32. 81. mugwort67.Tanacetum vulgare.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Calluna (heather). has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. even boggy. far from the house. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. This space was never adequate. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Although some observations may seem obvious. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Usually this is least desirable. The next most desirable exposure. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. First. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and the north point is established. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. A ravine and existing. the western. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. The lesser the scale.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Thus. it is proper to make a trial run. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic.
as the drawing on p. and the property line on the last. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. but it need not be identical. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. another is close to the rear of the house. < previous page page_126 next page > . and the search did not take long. a driveway on still another. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The. single bed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Then. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. all four sides are so determined. Culinary herbs will fill a large. 127 indicates. Indeed. The new herb garden has been located.ground where drainage is better. There is the housegarage structure on one side. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The general outline is similar. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The outline is fixed. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. certainly not precisely the same. It was a pleasurable assignment. 77 provided the needed inspiration.
A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. forming the outer boundary of the service path. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. this low wall will enclose the garden area. In fact. In addition. There was no . This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. Two drawings were required to work out problems. If. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. then north. as in this case. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. something is amiss. If all is well. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. With the plan established. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. In the earlier stage of planning. . it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. the site required some leveling. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. the eight-foot length was more practical.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. not one completed in a weekend. Before edgings could be put in place. In this case. and the finished edging would be effective. admittedly. However. this was. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In this area. However. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. however. At corners. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. A structural edging was in order. eight. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. a lapped joint was fashioned. but it was a dot-it-yourself project.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Paving for the terraced area is brick. The pattern is running bond. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Heavy black plastic.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. Weeds. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. this same base underlies all the paths. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. The latter need to be more substantially paved. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. had been proof of that. for they will likely have more traffic. selected for its simplicity. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. A choice of five colors was available. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. could serve this purpose. leaves. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. but there are exits to different levels. filling the beds with soil was next. Unfortunately. Aged compost. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. One is the ramp to the driveway. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. sand. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. This method of treatment now guarantees . A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage.
The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. However. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. even bed for the pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. on a trial run of one course of brick. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. worth the added cost.
Sometimes called "rubble drains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. and the steps to other levels. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. French drains. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. since that path borders the house. for it would interfere with the drainage system. . No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. Herbs have flourished in the beds. learned about decades earlier. With the completion of the paths.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone." their construction can be somewhat varied. the terraced area. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. In this instance. converging where it was logical to do so. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe.
< previous page page_130 next page > .
a garden plan. in inches. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. and so on. not necessarily referable to botanical species. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Its arrow points north and. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. in tenths of an inch. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. often a wall or trellis. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. hundredths of an inch. sixteenths of an inch. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. albula. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. E EllipseAn oval. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. having a variety of gradations. and so on. is symmetrical. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. casts the shadow for the hour. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. for example. twelfths of an inch. for example. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name.
I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. turf. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. ForthrightA straight course or path. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. heated especially by fermenting manure. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . or colored earths. also called rubble drain. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. its compartments filled with flowers.3). ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds.brick) in the same course. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. rounded fragments of rock. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds.3. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. a flat. GrindstoneMillstone. Usually a few inches thick. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. roofed structure usually open on the sides. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. loose. M ManufactoryA factory. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Pea gravelSmall. G GazeboA freestanding. a patterned garden. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground.
an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.
Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. W Wall. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. TreillageLatticework for vines. called also a hose cock. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. ranking between species and variety. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. or steps. Stone. walls. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. R Rose. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. not treelike or with a single trunk. snug fit for walks. < previous page page_132 next page > . often planted with aromatic herbs. Turf seatBanked-up earth. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. cutting. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. V VarietyA category below species. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes.
London: Saturn Press. John E. Independence.: Geo. Bailey Hortorium. 1951. Sevenoaks. Park Seed Co. 1933. H. Herbals. 1972. New York: Hawthorne Books. Sydney: B.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 1979. Sylvia. 14701670. Green Enchantment. London: Marshall Cavendish.. 1976. Jot. Brookes. The Herb Garden. 1973. Earle. Mo.. London. Kent: The Herb Farm. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Beston. Robert Lee. Terrace. and Louden. Batsford. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1962. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Liberty Hyde. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. London: Country Life. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 1970. Peter.. 1980. 1961. 1971. Berrall. Toronto. Frances A. . John Philip. ed. W. Greenwood. Aurora.. 1977. New York: Dover. Hortus Third. Prof. Herbs and the Earth. 1902. 1971. 1911. Henry. 1972. Book of the Geranium. P. New York: Macmillan. Flannery. Herbsfor Every Garden. New York: Viking Press. New York: E. Charlotte. Brownlow. Bardswell. P. New York: Viking Press. T. Carpenter. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1963. New York: Simon and Schuster. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1966. Edlin. Doran & Co. Foley. Putnam's Sons. Complements. British Plants. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments.. Erichsen-Brown. 1958. Gertrude B. Clarkson. . Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Cross. 1942. . 1966. 1982. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Fox. Bailey. 1935. and Accessories. Darrah. Helen Morgenthau. New York: Crown Publishers. How Plants Get Their Names. Rosetta E. Garden Design. 1957. 1944. New York: Macmillan. Baumgardt. New York: Macmillan. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Rosemary F. New York: Macmillan. L. Alice Morse. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Garden City: Doubleday. Margaret E. Foster. Agnes. Gertrude B. London: Macmillan. Dutton & Co. Staff of. Daniel J. Crowe. Julia S. New York: G. Foster. and Garden. Roses. New York. 1980. 1951. Behme.: Buckeye Printing Co. H. Coats. The Cultivated Basils. Park's Success with Herbs. Harriet Ballard. Hanging Plants for Home.C. Seal. John. L. 1938. S. Helen H. The Small Garden. Room Outside.
1951. The Book of Spices.. Boston. Frances.. Vegetable Dyeing. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. New York: Macmillan. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. M.. Brown & Co. Howard. 1972.. Vicenza.. Jones. Italy. Miller. New York: E. Claire. Ireys.. 1981. Mass. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Harold N. 1982. 1979. Loewenfeld. Tucson: H. Alma. Paul B. Grow and Enjoy.. P. Ann. Dorothy Bovee. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Garland. Waltham. Co. Johnson. Sarah. The Herb Garden. George H. 1946. Wynnewood. New York: William Morrow & Co... A Garden of Herbs. Myron. M. J. 1974. Hendrickson. New York: Harper & Bros. 1964. Bernard Hickey. 1975. Lesch. 1969. 1983. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Roses of the World in Color. 1966. Landscaping with Vines. Muenscher. How to Select. Mrs. Rosengarten. Roy. Philippa. Dutton & Co. Lathrop. Modern Herbal. London: Faber and Faber. 1938. Franco. Lerner. 1971. 1981. 1976. 1976. Lawrence. Horace. Walter. 1971. Johns. Adelma G. N. Early American Gardens. Kiaer. and Rice. Hay. 1970. and Chiltoskey. 1911. 1961. The Art of Dyeing. Potter. Claire. New York: Dover. New York: De La Mare. P. McFarland. . Division Billboard Publications. and Back. New York: Macmillan. Mary U. Norma Jean. Simmons. Herbs.. 1969. Patrick M. New York: Van Nostrand. London: George Routledge & Sons. Grieve. A. Neri. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. (1st American edition trans. Shaker Herbs. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Pozza. The Berry Book. and Synge.) Rohde. Helen K. Cherokee Plants. Gardens in Winter.: Herald Publishing Co. Eleanour Sinclair. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1978. New York: Viking Press. 1975. A Biblical Garden. New York: Crown Publishers. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Books. Carol.: Chronica Botanica Co. Lawrence. New York: Macmillan. New York: Doubleday. C. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Hamel. ed. Amy Bess. Krauss. 1973. 1959. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Moldenke. Jr. Leighton. How to Landscape Your Grounds. 2d ed. New York: Dover. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1970. Eigel.. Plants of the Bible. Loyal R.C. < previous page page_133 next page > . and Alma L. New York: William Morrow and Co. Boston. Frederic. Loewenfeld.: Livingston Pub. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. and Brunello. Sylva. New York: Clarkson N. Elizabeth. The Concise Handbook of Roses.. 1952. Flowers of the Field. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Rev. 1974. chemist. Toronto: Little. Pa. Alice Recknagel. Robert.
The Shakespeare Garden. Esther.. Mrs. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.D. Griffin.S.. 1962. William Y Dear.A. Robert G. Nelva M. Helen Noyes. 1953. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Giroux. and Bell. W T. C. . Bleecker.. Rev. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. T. L. Maxton Davies. A. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.. John Poinier. Marshall. Plimpton. Raymond V. 1979.. Climbing Roses Old and New. New York: Simon & Schuster.A. Meyer.L. Associate.. Marion E. Botanical Latin. A. 1966. Building Stone Walls.A. Mrs. Neil Hamill Park. Mrs. Revised by Dr. Pees. Mrs.: Garden Way. Christopher. Elisabeth W. Graham Stuart. New York: Simon & Schuster. Malcolm. . 1957.A.A.. Berkeley Brandt.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Gannaway. Peter M. Smith. Alfred L. Mrs. London: Phoenix House. A. William T. Jr. Mrs. Barbara Capen. Madalene Hill.. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. A. Amy Bess Miller. Hines. Lamm. George T. L.A.. Mrs. Sherry D. Melissa R. L. L. Keebler. James D. Thacker.A. Robert K. The History of Gardens.. Mrs.S. Lucile Teeter Kissack.R. 1967. Hale & Co. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.. New York: William Farquhar Payson. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Jo Lohmolder. 1982.. Martin. 1979. Michael. Herbs in the Garden. Plants of the Bible. Taloumis. Herbert G.. 1972. Mrs. Virginia B.The Old Shrub Roses. 1961. Hammond Crawford. . Mrs. New York: McGraw-Hill. L.A. Frank M. Bynam. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Diane C. New York: Doubleday. Martin's Press. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Mrs. L. Rhoda Specht. . 1974. New York. Toronto: Van Nostrand.A. Jr. Elizabeth Lawrence. Stuart. L. Mrs. Mrs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press..A. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. 1965.A.A. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.. A. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. 1931. 1975.. New York: St. Vera Breed.. McGarry. Henry Gund. Helen Van Pelt. New ed. and Robert B.A. Bradner. Stearn. Mrs. Winthrop G.A. Vivian. Charlotte. Donald Paxton. W. Norman. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Benjamin McF. L. Sandy Hicks. Campbell. L. Jr.. Katherine S. Webster. Boston: Ralph T. 1972. John. Weber. Bates. Straus. William T. ed. William Radler. L. Philip Batchelder. John Ormsbee. New York: William Morrow & Co. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. White. Leonard Dreyfuss. Mrs. Wilson. Mrs. New York: Hafner. 1979. Taylor. Mr.. William W. H. Landscape Architecture.. Paxton. Susan W. Leonie. Bush. Mrs. 1976. Zohary.L. 1953.. Boerner. Louise Beebe. Mrs. Moffit. New York: Farrar. Shrub Roses of Today. Linda.S. Mrs.A. Indianapolis. Mrs.L. L. The Fragrant Garden.A. Cozart. Singleton. Wilder. Thomas. Stearn. New York: Dover. Mrs. Morss. Mrs. L. Mrs. London: Phoenix House.A. Yang.. 1942. New York. James C. Price. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. 1972. Container Gardening Outdoors.A. F. Z. L. Graham. New York: St. The Fragrant Year. Margaret Osborn Holt. L. ed. Ingersoll. Tarantino. and Mrs. Charles L. Mrs. Charles Patch.. Austin R. Martin's. 1976. Martha Dahlen. George. Jack Emil Geist. William C. Vt. Fragrance in the Garden. Baker.
. Rose.C.. Joe H. Ga..A. Old Salem. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Gayle. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Isadore L. Derthick. Elbert Smith.Rady. Lawrence Schetky. Cleveland. Mansfield. Booker Worthen. Bailey. Edmund G. Linda Yang. The Country Doctor Museum. Eric Duke Scott.H. The following provided historical.A. Mrs.. Mrs. L. Mr. Christopher Rady. Michigan State University. Hancock Shaker Village. Timothy Procter Ruh. civic.A. Ark. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Atlanta Historical Society. Atlanta. Christopher Spencer. Western Reserve Herb Society. Eloise andJo Ray. Hales Corners. Walter Rebmann. University of Michigan. Talbot III. Plain Dealer Photo. Winston-Salem. Mrs. L. Wisc... Ann Arbor..A.. Mrs. Faith H. Old Slater Mill Museum.. Weeks Brick House. Milton C. L. Little Rock. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Jean Ruh. Shaker Community. Wilcox. Lansing.. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Mrs. Kingwood Center. L. Nathan Sameth. Helen M. Ohio. N.. Architect. John A. < previous page page_134 next page > . R. Whitman.I. Mrs. Mrs. Smith (Ann Leighton). G. and Mrs. Pawtucket.. Inc. James F. Hancock. Frederick E. Linda Yang. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Matthew Miksch House. Swanson. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Harper. N. Mich. Inc. Mrs.. Ohio. Skinner. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Semple. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. N. Milton Stricker.. Mass. Joan E. Roberts. James S.. L. Mich.C. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Greenland.
Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. C. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. azoricum. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Narcissus triandrus. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. maritima L. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. officinalis. A. Y smalliana Agrimonia. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. barbadensis A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. E. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. Myrrhis odorata. A.
albula A. V. laevis Rhododendron . P. grandiflorus Melissa M. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. Monarda didyma Crataegus. officinalis. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. F. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. ludoviciana var. false Galium aristatum. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. P. lycopersicum. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. G. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. officinalis Populus. Solanum aculeatissimum S. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. podagraria Asparagus A. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. M. Lamium album Viburnum. S. acerifolium. melongena var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum.Apple crab gold love mad Malus.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
< previous page page_136 next page > .
chrysantha Symphytum S.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. oleracea. angustifolia. vulgaris A. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. deltoides Campsis radicans. Mertensia virginica. M. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. P. coronaria . alpina 'Alba' A. B.
angustifolia. V. B. M. alpinum R. macrocarpon. Italian D Daffodil M. sativum R. coronaria. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. verna. alpinum R. maculatum G. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. N. M. pseudonarcissus miniature N. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . V. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. B. C.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. ioensis Vaccinium. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. Campsis Cardamine pratensis.
D. crispus. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. R. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. C. obtusifolius R. triphyllum . obtusifolius Rumex R. A. Hosta H. Sansevieria. Chrysanthemum frutescens. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. lilioasphodelus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. acetosa. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. T officinale Bellis. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Ferocactus latispinus. lilioasphodelus H. H. R. A. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. frutescens C. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. rivieri. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. x superbum Hemerocallis.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum.
viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Gnaphalium. S. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . C. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. N. damascena. Lychnis coronaria. Senecio cineraria. Centaurea cineraria. N. Helichrysum. Antennaria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. C. arvensis. gymnocarpa. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. ragusina. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. N. azoricum Nigella. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. pungens Sambucus S.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
Osmunda. O. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. A. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. L. usitatissimum L. I. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica Corylus C. regalis Adiantum.× germanica I. perenne . versicolor. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. P. carica F. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. I.
Fumaria C. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. purpurea D. sphaerocephalum A. Pelargonium.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. odoratissimum P. × germanica Myosotis M. quercifolium P. scorodoprasum A. P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sylvatica Digitalis D. lutea Allium sativum A. sativum var. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. lanata D. × limoneum P. I. tuberosum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × hortorum P. neapolitanum A. grossularioides P radens P.
T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. tomentosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. canadense. A. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. crispum P. abrotanifolium P. × citrosum P. quercifolium P. officinale Z. denticulatum P. Tragopogon. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. canadense T. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. capitatum P. tomentosum P. Z. P. T. glutinosum. × jatrophifolium P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. A. pratensis . chamaedrys T. graveolens P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. × nervosum P.
C. Vitis monticola. Oxalis deppei. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. torquata E. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. nervosa V. V. M. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis.
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.
< previous page
next page >
Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
C.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Lythrum. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. G. triacanthos G. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Sempervivum Lobelia L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Pulmonaria . Ophiopogon L. L. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. majalis Liriope. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. W.
Malva. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. erecta T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. grandiflora M. patula Calendula officinalis T. C. tenuifolia T. A. M. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. erecta T. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. alcea var. pedatum Hibiscus. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A.blue M Mace. Malva. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. M. lucida . erecta T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
Spiraea alba. suaveolens 'Variegata' . majorana O. Astrantia. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. R. dictamnus O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. piperita var. citrata M. O. majorana O. vulgare O. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. vulgare O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. A. citrata M. major. × piperita var. S. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata. citrata M. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. requienii M. onites O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. crispii M. × piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium. aquatica var. suaveolens M. vulgare 'Aureum' O.
Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Myrtus. alba Verbascum. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Umbellularia californica. Azolla caroliniana. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M. rubra M. V. A. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis M. thapsus V. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera .red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. M. communis. Myrrhis odorata. olympicum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. V. vulgaris A.
poeticus N. L. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. P. V. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. album L. majus T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. minus T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. tazetta Tropaeolum T. nudum. V. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa .
cepa.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Scilla verna. A. cepa. fragrans Allium. A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. fistulosum A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. vulgare var. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. florentina. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. Proliferum Group A. fistulosum Atriplex. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . S. telephium Iris × germanica var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. I. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. C. fragrans O. hortensis A. cepa A. O. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. Castilleja californica.
A. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. neopolitanum Pastinaca. A. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . patens. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. pulsatilla Passiflora P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. P. P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora P. crispum P. crispum var. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.
A. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. frutescens C. annuum. C. annuum. retroflexus. Chenopodium. roseus C. annuum. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. Piper C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. C. annuum. paniculata P. C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Grossum Group C. Conoides Group Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . Longum Group Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. P frutescens Catharanthus. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. C.
taeda Chimaphila. caryophyllus D. Prunus japonica. × paradisiaca. P salicina P angustifolia. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. gratianopolitanus D. watsonii P maritima P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Plantago P. plumarius. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. taeda P. P. plumarius D. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. angustifolia var. officinalis Dianthus D. C. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. umbellata var. C. umbellata var. Silene laciniata.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. nigra P strobus P taeda P. americana . alpinus D. M.
americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. biennis P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. vulgare Lithospermum. L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. P. S. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. 0. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. E. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . rhoeas P. Liriodendron tulipifera P.
rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. P. C. A. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. R. Diplotaxis. pepo Portulaca. sativum var. rhabarbarum R. Hesperis .< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. canadensis C. coccineum C. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris.
centifolia R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. × borboniana Kerria. chinensis 'Minima' R. spinosissima R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. canina. sativa Rosa R. × borboniana R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. moschata . Rosa chinensis R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. Rubus coronarius R. × harisonii R. gallica R. laevigata R. R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. damascena R. damascena 'Bifera' R. canina R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. banksiae R.
sclarea S. officinalis S. Salvia hierosolymitana . caerula. microphylla S. R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. azurea subsp.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. × rehderana R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Rosmarinus. S. rugosa R. setigera R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. greggii S. pitcheri S. guaranitica S. clevelandii S. angustissimus R. officinalis Limonium R.
neapolitana S. guaranitica S. P. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. chamaecyparissus S. A. T. viridis S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. S. chamaecyparissus S. S. virens. halimus Crithmum maritimum. S. C. montana Scabiosa S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. maritimum E. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. leucantha S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. marilandica Amelanchier . elegans S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. Salicornia. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. hebecarpa. leucophylla S.
A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.
P. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. nivalis Lamium album. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. coggygria C. biflorum . americana.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria Cotinus. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. P. V. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria. G. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. C. C. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum.
spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. V. L. H.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. scutatus R. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. E. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. Ornithogalum arabicum. patulum. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. officinalis thyme-leaved V. pyrenaicum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. O. S. crassipes O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. acetosa. O.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. japonica Sorbaria. R. H.
vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. chiloensis F. M. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vulgare var. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. perennis. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. dracunculus var. vesca F. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. C. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. T vulgare T. floridus Philadelphus . incana M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. O. vulgare var. O. vesca F. incana M. crispum T.
vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Argenteus' T. pallasianus T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. Silybum marianum S. maritima Thymus. laevigata Eupatorium. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. A. C. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. marianum S. × citriodorus T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. marianum S. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. benedictus. arcticus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Clear Gold' T. phaenopyrum C. sylvestris D. praecox T. E. praecox subsp. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > .
C. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . P. cerasiforme. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. sanctum Tulipa T. alata Lycopersicon. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. praecox subsp. lycopersicum var. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. I. radicans Bignonia capreolata. pruinosa. sanctum O. Coreopsis Linaria. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. P. peruviana P. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. lycopersicum var. Physalis peruviana L.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. noli-tangere. lycopersicum L. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens.
C. caeruleum Clematis. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. odorata V. caprea . lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. officinalis Polemonium. canina. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. longifolia Chamaelaucium. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Chimaphila. C. cornuta 'Alba' V. P. cornuta V. V.
caprea. camphorata A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. S. Stachys . pontica. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. V. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Gaultheria procumbens. Corydalis sempervirens A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. W. I. nudum Isatis I. ambrosioides Artemisia. verticillata Chimaphila. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. annua A. absinthium A. frigida A. gmelinii A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Vanilla barbellata A.
I. ageratum A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. C. taygetea A. vomitoria I. lutea. X. filipendulina A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . millefolium A. × media 'Hicksii' T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. simplicissima Cladrastis. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine.
. fragrant g. h. yarrow sneezeweed. blue giant hyssop.. taygetea A. longifolia Achillea A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow China jute. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. parlor m. monkshood helmut flower. millefolium A.. napellus Acorus A. thousand-seal. sanguinary.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. foeniculum Agave A. maidenhair fern. lion's tail anise hyssop. breviflora A. fourcroydes sweet flag. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. Indian mallow. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. cana A. alpinus Aconitum A. maidenhair American maidenhair. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . butter-print. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. five-finger f. monkshood flowering maple. h. nose-bleed. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. pedatum Agastache A. ageratum A. fennel g. calamus Adiantum A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. theophrasti Acacia A.
cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. karataviense A. giganteum A. tree o. two-bladed o. sativum var. sativum A. christophii A. cive. senescens var. moly A. Spanish o. neapolitanum A. serpent garlic chive. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. scorodoprasum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . cocklebur. fistulosum A. sisal hemp.. schoenoprasum A. vulgaris Allium A. ophioscorodon A. lily leek daffodil garlic. purple c.. reptans Alcea A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. githago Ajuga A. sisalana Agrimonia A.A. flavum A. rosea Alchemilla A. hemp plant agrimony.. ciboule. Japanese bunching o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o.. Rosenbachianum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. flowering o. ostrowskianum A. garlic rocambole. alpina A. Pulchellum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o.
caudatus Amelanchier A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. triphylla Althaea A. tuberosum Aloe A. archangel. blanda A... white m.glaucum A. officinalis Amaranthus A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. marschalliana A. shad. Barbados a. canadensis Amsonia A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. Curasao a. bugloss alkanet. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. barbadensis Aloysia A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. hupehensis var. garlic c. round-headed garlic Chinese chive.. shadbush. officinalis Anemone A. Oriental garlic . tinctoria Anthriscus A. pulsatilla Anethum A. cerefolium chervil angelica. juneberry. bugloss windflower. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. japonica A. officinarum Anchusa A. medicinal a. sphaerocephalum A.
Apium A. chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . alpina 'Alba' A. European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. graveolens var.
annua A. sandberry. dracontium A. triphyllum A. dracunculus var. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. creashak green-dragon. asarabacca wild ginger. kinnikinick. virginicum bearberry. triphyllum subsp. rusticana Artemisia A. red cole sagebrush. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. bear's grape. gmelinii A. frigida A. canadense A. sativa A. lactiflora A. pink or white horseradish. mugwort.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. mealberry. Ludoviciana var. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. hog cranberry. pontica A. camphorata A. mountain box. europaeum A. old man southernwood absinthe. wormwood southernwood. sea pink thrift. stewardsonii Armeria A. maritima Armoracia A. arborescens A. albula A.
garden o. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. talewort. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B.. rocket. saltbush orach. vulgaris. i. wild indigo. hortensis B Baptista B. papyrifera Boehmeria B. China grass borage borage. jaundice berry. tuberosa Asparagus A. wild indigo blue false indigo. plains f.. upland cress winter cress.Asclepias A. tuberroot. c. halimus A. perennis Berberis B. mountain spinach false indigo. nivea Borago B. c. ruby s. silkweed. ruby s. tinctoria Barbarea B. pleurisy root. cool-tankard cole. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. wild blue i. c. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. s. major Atriplex A. butterfly flower butterfly weed. piprage beet swiss chard. officinalis Astrantia A. Chinese silk plant. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. vulgaris Bellis B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. rattleweed winter cress. australis B. orach sea orach. B. yellow r. mustard . c. s.
. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.B. officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens B. white-flowered k. pineapple s. strawberry s. microphylla var. floridus Campanula C. koreana B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla 'Nana' B.. grandiflora Calendula C. carpatica C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. eruca B.
persicifolia C. p.C. pimento sweet pepper s. s. p. rapunculus Campsis C. bell p. sweet pepper. s. p. o. p. p.. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. cow-itch. o. p. green p. p. trumpet vine. chili p. o. p. p. red p. green p. o. p. o. p. C. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. o.. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. trumpet flower.. trumpet honeysuckle pepper.. s. o.
majus Chelone cayenne p. deodara Celosia C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. marilandica Catharanthus C. snakehead . celandine celandine turtlehead. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. bastard s. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. nobile Chelidonium C. illinoinensis C. cristata Cercis C. garden c. ovata Cassia C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. tinctorius Carum C. senna. Tabasco p. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. red p. Tabasco-sauce p. carvi Carya C.. Russian c. capsicum p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. canariensis Cedrus C. shellbark h. false saffron. frutescens Carthamus C... Madagascar periwinkle. chili p...
pigweed Mexican tea. wax flower. parthenium C. Spanish t. lutea Clematis C. fat hen ambrosia.. × superbum Cichorium C.. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. old-man's-beard costmary. leather flower. leather flower. ambrosioides C. devil's-darning- . American w. feather geranium. red-leaved chicory bugbane. rattletop black cohosh. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Meyer 1. coccineum C. wintergreen. crispus C.. virgilia virgin's bower. Dalmatia p.. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. virgin's bower. intybus Cimicifuga C. pyrethum. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. leucanthemum C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. botrys Chimaphila C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. Chinese dwarf 1. racemosa Cistus C. barbe-de-capuchin. wormseed. alecost pyrethrum. glabra Chenopodium C. dwarf 1. umbellata Chionanthus C. bonus-henricus C.C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. Robert Brydon' C. ladanifer Citrus C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. mint geranium. frutescens C. balsamita C. cinerariifolium C.
autumnale Comptonia C. majalis Convolvulus C. arkansana C. thorn apple. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . red haw hawthorn English h. trifolia Coreopsis C. cneorum Coptis C. quick-set. Chinese parsley dogwood. smokebush. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. avellana Cotinus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. florida Corylus C. orientalis Convallaria C. smoke plant. tinctoria Coriandrum C. coggygria Cotoneaster C.needle Cnicus C. thorn. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. peregrina Consolida C. ambigua C.. sativum Cornus C. smokebush smoke tree. Venetian sumac. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. benedictus Coix C. laevigata C. apiculatus Crataegus C.
maritimum Crocus C.. sieberi C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. citratus Cytisus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. speciosus 'Albus' C. sempervirens Cydonia C. sativus C. kotschyanus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. angustifolius C. gracilis Dianthus D. tomasinianus Cupressus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. × allwoodii D. scoparius C.C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. West Indian 1.. speciosus C.
spectabilis Dictamnus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. sylvestris Doronicum D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. sativus D. lanata D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. grandiflora D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. carnation. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. gas plant. burning bush.
blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. poppy eucalypt. californica Eucalyptus E. sea eryngo California poppy C. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. S. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. b. Japanese medlar. epimedium barrenwort.. pungens Eleocharis E. Australian gum. gum tree. sea holm. maritimum Eschscholzia E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. jacinth. torquata Euonymus E. plum eryngo sea holly. dulcis Endymion E. viridis Epimedium E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. hyemale Eranthis E. blueweed. vulgare Elaeagnus E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail.E. J. ironbark. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. arvense E. japonica Eryngium E. perfoliatum E. rugosum v.
vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. a. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgaris Foeniculum F.Euphorbia E. vulgare F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. finocchio. ulmaria F. a.s. chiloensis F. vulgare subsp. sow-teat s. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgare F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. major Fragaria F. alpine s.s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. assafoetida Ficus F. a. vulgare var. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.
dyer's greenweed. jasminoides Gaultheria G. mock p. tinctoria Geranium G. false baby's-breath woodruff. woodwaxen..F. sweet w. verum Gardenia G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. triacanthos Gossypium G. wild c. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium.. field balm. teaberry. vernalis H. gardenia. Carolina jasmine G. Capejasmine wintergreen. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. hederacea Gleditsia G. maculatum G. ground ivy. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. woodroof yellow bedstraw. mountain tea. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. virginiana Hedeoma H. spotted c. cleavers white bedstraw. odoratum G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. Carolina yellow j. checkerberry. robertianum Glechoma G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. Carolina jessamine Genista G. germanica G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. mollugo G. nivalis Galium G... our-lady's-b. red Robin . hexapetala G Galanthus G. alumroot herb Robert. runaway robin. honey locust..
< previous page page_149 next page > .
arborescens Helleborus H... sweet r. lividus subsp. curry plant false licorice. lemon d. Deccan h. rose-of-China. Deckaner h. lilioasphodelus H. hibiscus kenaf. orientalis Hemerocallis H.. glabra Hesperis H.. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. China rose. flavescens Helenium H. turnsole heliotrope.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. × luteola Herniaria H. matronalis Hibiscus H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. corsicus H. bimlipatum j. garland 1. licorice plant heliotrope. atrorubens H. niger H. cannabinus H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. Indian hemp. bastard jute. giant m. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. foetidus H. mallow. daylily . yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. blacking plant plantain lily. bimli j. angustifolium H.. Hawaiian h.. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket.. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. Chinese hibiscus. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. rose m.
asiatica Hypericum H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. quercifolia Hydrastis H.-John's-wort St. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. perforatum Hyssopus H. patulum 'Sungold' H. white h. crenata var. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. orangeroot. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. . sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. rose h. Burford's holly Japanese holly. horned h. box-leaved h. lupulus Hydrangea H. I. navelwort gotu kola St..-John's-wort St.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. European h. box-leaved h.H.
. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. virginiana red cedar jasmine. × germanica var. jewelweed.. tinctoria Inula I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. glabra I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. maculata J Jasminum J. helenium Ipomoea I. touch-me-not jewelweed. crested dwarf i. snapweed. J. tinctoria Ixia I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. yellow flag. horizontalis creeping j. woad dyer's woad. opaca I. pseudacorus Isatis I. officinale Juniperus J. crested i.I. spotted t. chinensis var. vomitoria 'Nana' I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. cristata I. 'Great Lakes' I. African corn lily corn lily orris. wilsonii Impatiens I.. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . florentina I. capensis Indigofera I. alba Iris I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. water f.
maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. n. dentata var. angustifolia L. d. plume plant... flamingo p. dentata L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. white d.Justicia water willow J.. nobilis Lavandula L. maculatum L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. album L. n. paradise p. indica Lamium L. sweet bay laurel. plume flower. dumb nettle. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . angustifolia subsp. carnea Brazilian-plume.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. bay. brandegeana shrimp plant J. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
summer s. leonurus Leontopodium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. aestivum Levisticum L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. hedge plant privet. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. marsh rosemary. perenne L. blue cardinal flower .< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. pepperwort. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. candidum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. muscari Lobelia L. usitatissimum Liriope L.. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. benzoin Linum L. sativum Leucojum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. lovage privet. officinale Ligustrum L.
purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. coronaria 'Alba' L. lycopersicum var. vulgaris Lythrum L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. money plant. grandiflora M.L. penny f. stellata M. satin flower honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. coral h. moonwort. flava L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . annua Lychnis L. gypsywort. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. maritima L. lycopersicum var. cordata Magnolia M. coronaria L. silver-dollar. catchfly mullein pink. campion. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. europaeus Lysimachia L. virginiana sweet alyssum.. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. sempervirens Lunaria L. honesty.
mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. holly g. fastigiata Marrubium M. white h. bluebells. alcea var. pineapple m.. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.Mahonia M. lungwort bluebells. × piperita var. angustifolia M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. hupehensis Malva M.. horsemint peppermint orange mint. bee b. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. Oregon g. b. Virginia c. lemon m. stock stock. citrata M. pennyroyal Corsican m. holly mahonia.. incana Melissa M. requienii M. imperial stock balm lemon b. officinalis Mentha M.. holly barberry. curly m. blue barberry apple. bergamot m. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple.. gillyflower. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. cowslip.. vulgare Matthiola M. American crab. Scotch m. mountain g. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. × gentilis M. pulegium M. horsemint . Virginia b. × piperita M. aquatica M.. apple m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. Brampton stock.. musk m. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. 'Guiding Star' M. sweet b. menthella. incanum M. longifolia M..
odorata Myrtus M. sweet cicely. menthifolia M. American m. white b. sylvatica Myrica M. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. myrrh. punctata Montia M. b. b. anise. winter purslane. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. Greek myrtle.M. fistulosa var. banana abaca. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle.. fistulosa M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. pink b. Oswego tea. Swedish m. textilis Myosotis M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. swamp c. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. red m. white bee balm pink b. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. candleberry. citriodora M. b.
< previous page
next page >
N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
pasture b. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. hardy orange poplar. balsam p. tacamahac cinquefoil. nepalensis P. heal-all. brake bracken. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. widdy shrubby c. domestica P. pensylvanica P.Poncirus P... maritima P. elatior P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. hackmatack. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. sand p. cowslip self-heal self-heal. hog-pasture b. Americana P. brake.. veris Prunella P. persica Pteridium P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. granatum Pyrus P. lungwort blue 1. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. five-finger shrubby c. aspen. all-heal salad burnet. Jerusalem sage. golden hardhack. angustifolia P. trifoliata Populus P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. vulgaris Prunus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange.
gallica damask r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. garden r. pygmy r. autumn damask r. dog r. 'Cinderella' R. Bourbon r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. purshiana Rheum R.. eglanteria R. mountain c. alpinum R. gooseberry alpine c. canina R. moss r. brier r. crowfoot lesser celandine. × borboniana R. ficaria Reseda R. typhina Ribes R. moss r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. cabbage r.... pie plant. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. eglantine.Quercus Q. red currant.. York-and-Lancaster r. sativum Rosa R. . rose. fairy r. sweetbrier French r. dog b. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. pilewort mignonette weld. China r.. luteola Rhamnus R. garden c. chinensis 'Minima' R. banksiae R. stellata R Ranunculus R. brier Banksia r. small c.
polyantha r. rugosa R. rosemary white r. Turkestan r... sorrel. acetosa R. climbing r. moschata R. golden p. spinosissima R.'Officinalis' R. Scotch r. × harisonii R. chinquapin r. × rehderana R.. 'Schneezwerg' R. madder bramble blackberry. bitter d. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. Japanese r. prairie r.. hirta Rumex R. chestnut r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. Cherokee r. obtusifolius R. r. dock s. Harison's yellow r. burnet r. laevigata R. wichuraiana R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. prostrate rosemary. angustissimus R. snowdwarf memorial r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. setigera R. tinctorum Rubus R. climbing r. French sorrel rue . garden sorrel broad dock. rosemary pine-scented r. musk r. roxburghii R.
< previous page page_153 next page > .
canadensis willow. Mexican bush s. guaranitica S. purple g. gray sage. garden s. argentea S. greggii S. elderberry American e. golden g. elegans S. caerula S. bloodroot red puccoon. American e. sclarea S. osier goat willow. clary annual clary elder. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. caprea Salvia S. leucantha S. purple variegated garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. pussy willow sage. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. bloodroot rue . purple sage baby sage garden sage. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. leucophylla S. clevelandii S. viridis Sambucus S. involucrata S. microphylla S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. s. variegated garden s.
sisarum Solanum S. canadensis Sansevieria S. Mary's t. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. melongena var. sweet s.. pinnata S. blessed t. devil's tongue. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. telephium Sempervivum S. milk t. orpine donkey's tail orpine. lucky plant. hemp plant snake plant. morganianum S. good-luck plant. atropurpurea Sedum S. skirret potato vine eggplant. virens Saponaria S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina.. marianum Sium S. neapolitana S. hen-and-chickens. mourning-bride stonecrop. hortensis S. live-forever houseleek. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. roof h. St.. tectorum Silybum S. officinalis Sassafras S.Sanguisorba S.. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. jasminoides S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. trifasciata Santolina S. live-forever houseleek. albidum Satureja S. mad apple . pincushion flower pincushions.
pseudocapsicum Solidago S.. woundwort lamb's-ears. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. officinale S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. big m. erecta marigold African m. americana Stachys S. reticulata var.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. laevis Symphytum S. grandiflora S. byzantina S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. californica Sorbaria S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. officinale Syringa S. vulgaris 'Addie V. sorbifolia Sorbus S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. patula melongene. laciniata Persian lilac S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S.. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. lutea Stokesia S. lilac . hedge nettle. Aztec m. × persica var.
germander American g. fruticans T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T.. sweet mace French m.T. upright y. vulgare var.. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Argenteus' T. wood sage germander dwarf. filifolia T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. vulgare T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. signet m. lemon t. marum Thuja T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. tansy tansy. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. canadense T. culinary golden lemon t. yew conical y. . × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. officinale Taxus T. dense y.. columnar y. occidentalis Thymus T. procumbent g. lucida T. dwarf m. carnosus T. crispum Taraxacum T.
< previous page page_154 next page > .
jasminoides Tragopogon T. . wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. leucotrichus T. praecox subsp. crimson c. nummularius T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. wishbone flower. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. odorus t. not culinary French t. richardii subsp. caraway t. doerfleri T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. serpyllum T. zygis Torenia T. creeping t. herba-barona T. lanatum Trifolium T. nitidus T. confederatej. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. glabrescens T. pratensis Trichostema T. lemon t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. t. praecox T.. t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. woolly thyme creeping t. pallasianus T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. red c. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T.
tall n. water-lily t. early. officinalis V. cranberry. 'General de Wet' T. flannel plant. minus Tsuga T. velvet p. blueberry. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. olympicum V. dioica V Vaccinium V. Indian cress dwarf n. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tarda T. 'Blizzard' T. clusiana T. maritima Urtica U. kaufmanniana T. pale yellow Darwin t. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian.. 'Sweet Harmony' T. tawny orange t. red s. angustifolium var. species t. officinalis Verbascum V. . thapsus Veronica V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. laevifolium Valeriana V. squill. serpyllifolia nasturtium. mullein mullein. bitter Indian garden n. farfara U Urginea U. speedwell. canadensis Tulipa T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. majus T.Tropaeolum T. huckleberry.. blattaria V. nettle stinging n. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s.
odorata V. acerifolium V. cassinoides V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V.. myrtle. heartsease pansy. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.. withe-rod vetiver. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. zizanioides Viburnum V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. lesser p. canina V. lutea 'Splendens' V. sweet h. tricolor V. prunifolium Vinca V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. khus-khus. maple-leaved viburnum. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. running m. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. heartsease. ladies-delight. sheepberry. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. nannyberry.. carlesii V. violet dog violet horned v. arrowwood. minor Viola V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. possum haw .Vetiveria V.
Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. Adam's-needle. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.