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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

with sparkling enthusiasm. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. whether all their labor was to no avail. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. wheedling. punching. alterations. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. and the publisher. Then. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. This they did. for they had no model and no guide. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. bereft of hope. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . especially poetry. Ginny had done some writing. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. This was not to be. It needs no sequel. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. and the experience provided the final section of the book. build it. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Again they revised. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. pushing. responded with delight. successes. carefully chosen. more of them exist to serve as examples. and record every detailall of the failures. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. With false starts and honest stops. The turning point came when. seven years ago. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Their energy and charm caught me up.

these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. 1969 and 1980. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Italics are always used for botanical names. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. A range of essential factors is considered herein. Not all plants used are herbs. . by their owners.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. without accompanying commentary. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Likewise. The herb garden designs alone. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. and educational purpose. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Some of these were created by landscape architects. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. former generic names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. although countless common names exist. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. we completed a test garden. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. specialty. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. the authors. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. English thyme. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. We. historical interest. rather. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. and these are capitalizedfor example. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. while others were prepared by landscape designers. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. To achieve this." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. or by contributors. degree of maintenance required. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work.

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Betty Rea. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty.D. Swanson and Robert B. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former managing editors. which made possible the completion of our text. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Finally. former director of same. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Special thanks are due James C. Wanda Ritchie.. Derthick. as expediter and typist. and Rexford Talbert. Rady. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . too. has been especially helpful over the years. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. and August Frugé. librarian. The late Raymond C. Weatherhead. past presidents. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Herbert J. Keebler and the late Everest P. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Susan Frugé. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Trudi Bela. Richard T. FAITH H. A lecturer on herbs. Recognition is due Robert B. and the horticulturist. president. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Genevieve Jyurovat. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. and Joanna Reed. Alice Skelsey. M. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Jo Lohmolder. Alexander Apanius. We are grateful to many. His assistant. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. have also been of assistance. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. always encouraging us to stay with our project. She has served. Nell Neff. has given us valuable information. and Elizabeth Bryce. Isaacson. Eleanor Gambee. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Lee Buss.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

some of which are evergreen. fences. lay out a plan of the property. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. and hedges will have been located. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. "Not difficult to plan. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. If no . Perennial herbs." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. a front dooryard. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs." A good design does not "happen. the north point will have been indicated. new plants. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. and structures. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. Its interest is independent of flowers. As one constantly reinforces the other. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. not at all difficult to maintain. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. to increase the value of the property. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. temples of worship. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. and decisions must not be left to chance. In order to create a fine garden design. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. As Henry Beston reflects. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. partially excavated area. new ways of seeing. or an abandoned. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year.

Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale. fences. < previous page page_2 next page > .

a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. and the driveway. In this example. Other areas may require a smaller scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. The object is to . Here. but with all needed information. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. will give the lot or acreage measurements. to locate the house. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. too. In the absence of a survey map. other significant structures. Next. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. such as the one illustrated here. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. A deed description. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. too. measure to locate the house.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale.

roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. The tools needed for drawing are few. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. triangleof inexpensive plastic. The smaller the scale. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. paths. driveway. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. enclosures. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. and parallel lines. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. < previous page page_3 next page > . the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. and unusual land features noted.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. shrubs. lines at an angle. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden.

old smokehouse. and hedges of hemlock. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. yew. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. iron. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. bayberry. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. In the absence of a structure. garage. Upkeep. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. A toolhouse. brick. In the designs that follow. With the plan on paper. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. One basic rule is the higher the wall. greenhouse. and holly. In some cases. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. or summer kitchen is ideal. and stone. However. gazebo.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

Rosemary. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. and their styles are countless. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. For example. as an example. a temporary garden that may be changed later. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. but the results will confirm this course. some deciduous and some evergreen. Stained. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. When this reinforcement is understated. for example. Allow adequate room within the row. or. or natural. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. bricks. or pressure-treated lumber. as in outdoor room dividers. Styles are legion. it will seem too sparsely planted. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. for reinforcing the design. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. railroad ties. painted. If used. if wood is the material of choice. the garden design is most attractive. they can be made to order. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. If desired.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Equally important is proportion. and rosemary. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Whatever the reason. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. box. deeply evergreen. gray surfaces are found. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. such as bayberry. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. yew. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. cut stones. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. so give them much thought. Where air circulation is much needed. . Stone. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. whether it will be rocks. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. When used with a hedge. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Generally. In some climates. Lower cost is an advantage. At first. however. used for dry wall or masonry construction. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. too. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. holly. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. landscape timbers. annual painting is a necessity. Gates are part of the enclosure. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. elegant box.

The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. awkward and unsafe. there is a necessary. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. however. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. but should be compatible with. or red. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Paths must be ample. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Access paths. cost. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. for example. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. and maintenance. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. The colors are various: terracotta. Step materials need not be the same as. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. appearance. making the design more evident. rosy pink. because they are just that. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. the greater the tread. A width of four feet allows room for turning. too. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. . The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. It is a general rule that the less the riser. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. their use no less than comfortable. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. If groups are walking through. There are. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles.

not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern.

lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .

serviceberry. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. prepare a planting plan for each. too. They are easily renewed as they break down. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. This. a result being hazardous footing. With these recommendations in mind.) To avoid having a slippery surface. If the garden is made up of separate beds. When they mature. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. a soft-lead pencil in hand. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. or trees to be considered. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. is an enjoyable experience. shad Malus coronaria. they should not shade the herbs too much. bark or pine needles can be used. and many good references are available. shrubs. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used.

The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. a focal point is customarily used. Do use a soft-lead pencil. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. noting well their growth habits. or whatever is best in your case. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Artifacts As with other gardens. such as the one illustrated here. lemon thyme. however. It needs. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. whether they are invasive or tall growing. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. too. for example. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. 'Mount Hood daff. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Often this center of interest is a sundial. one-half inch equals one foot. it is easily read and easily erased. Sept. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . for example.

or the width of a border to the total width of a walk.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. If a statue less than life-size is used. a niche of its own should be created. Again. It is then in scale with its frame. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. the height of a fence to the house. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. < previous page page_9 next page > . scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. the designs have a decorative north point. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. Except for two. For easy reference. that of good proportion. However. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. a stylized drawing of an ovary. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . with one basic rule always needing to be observed.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

Lobularia maritima. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. a fence. or other structure. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. 16. Landscape Architect. 26.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Viola tricolor. lemon balm . sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. With color and texture considered for contrast. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. bee balm 13. fennel 2.Melissa officinalis. lemon 15. salad burnet 12.A. 5. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.S.Lavandula savory angustifolia. The rules of symmetry are observed. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. Lavenders accent the front corners.Satureja montana. 6. 21.Galium odoratum.L. dill cerasiforme. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 7.Allium 11. 3. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 4. sweet 25. sativa. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. which is used here in relation to a garage. summer 23.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Poterium sanguisorba. 14. rose 24.Ocimum basilicum. 22. 1. A. lovage 17. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. arcticus 27. Foeniculum vulgare. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium graveolens.

Salvia officinalis.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Porrum Group. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. leek 9. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . curly parsley 10.Origanum heracleoticum. Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. costmary 'Albus'. 19.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive 18. Greek 28.8. Chrysanthemum balsamita.

Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Foeniculum vulgare. 9.Pelargonium tomentosum. rose 19. 1. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. as was done here. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Allium schoenoprasum. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. French tarragon 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Monarda didyma. 12. 18. Petroselinum crispum var. bush basil 3. . curly parsley sativa. fennel English lavender geranium 4. white 20. summer 10. 13.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 11. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla. lemon verbena 21. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium graveolens. 17. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Artemisia dracunculus var. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.

14.Origanum majorana.Heliotropium arborescens. English'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. English thyme dill 8.Galium odoratum.Rosa eglanteria. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. 16.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.salad burnet 6.Thymus × citriodorus. eglantine 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .

< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.S. 1. . spearmint 16. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Chionanthus virginicus. sativa. salad burnet 14. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Taxus cuspidata. 9. The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet marjoram 3. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Levisticum officinale. and the plan could be used at a front door. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. lemon thyme 10. The garden is conveniently located. Japanese yew 17. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. A. dill 2.Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage 8.Mentha spicata.Petroselinum crispum. Even in limited space.A.L. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 7. however. parsley 5. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. still observing a scale.Satureja hortensis. Then the design might need to be expanded. The image would soon give way to other considerations. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Origanum heracleoticum. lovage 15. Origanum majorana. 13. however. summer savory 11.Salvia officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus.

Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.

The number in each planting area is the key number. leek Foeniculum vulgare. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Asarum canadense. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. the challenge is obvious.S. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Teucrium chamaedrys. 30. Viola odorata. yellow 29.Convallaria majalis. 9. garden sage 17.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. 33. summer 21. 32. The long. 8. hop sativa. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. sweet violet 16. This is an intimate garden.Primula vulgaris. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. wild ginger 27. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Osmunda cinnamomea. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.Digitalis grandiflora. 25. Christmas fern 5. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. A. cinnamon fern 4.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. lavender marjoram 2.Polemonium reptans. fennel 19. fraxinella 15.Polystichum acrostichoides. 7. lemon thyme 28. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. Monarda didyma. salad 20.Artemisia dracunculus var. Landscape Architect.Origanum majorana.Humulus lupulus. 31. blue lungwort 26. 18. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. 13.Pulmonaria officinalis.Stachys byzantina. Jacob's-ladder 3.A. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 6. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Allium ampeloprasum.L. Dictamnus albus. 1. bee balm 14.

yellow bedstraw 23. 35. French thyme woodruff koreana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. crispum.Galium odoratum.Sorbus americana.Korean box 11.Galium verum.lilac 10.savory germander Willmott'. curly parsley mountain ash 12. French'.Satureja montana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Tsuga canadensis. sweet 34. winter savory 24. Canada hemlock Standard'.Buxus microphylla var.Petroselinum crispum var. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .

One of the beds. dill 10. it became part of the patio. lemon verbena 2. To be placed near the kitchen. garden sage 20. Italian parsley .Petroselinum crispum var. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Rumex scutatus.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. this design can be an inspiration. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Even so. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. 19. devoted to a "yearly surprise." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Salvia officinalis. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. geometric design. It is a pleasing.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Origanum heracleoticum. neapolitanum.Aloysia triphylla. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Surprisingly. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.

lemon balm cicely 6.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon 5. salad 15.Ocimum basilicum. curly parsley 22. sweet 14.Borago officinalis. summer savory 23. sweet 18.Origanum majorana.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. basil sativa. garlic chive 26. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . purple basil 4. sweet 13.Myrrhis odorata.Allium tuberosum.Anthriscus cerefolium.Melissa officinalis. winter savory 24.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. chive 25.Satureja montana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Poterium sanguisorba.Ocimum basilicum 12.3. English thyme bush basil 8. 16. Alpine strawberry 7.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum. chervil marjoram 21. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. crispum. lemon basil 9.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.17. borage 'Purpurascens'.

English thyme lemon thyme 11. Created in an orderly way. it is an unusual. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. 14. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. To increase the planting area.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. winter 21.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. The center beds here were established in this way. lamb's-ears 20. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium in variety. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. purple basil 4. 19. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. green santolina 12.Satureja montana. D. scented-leaf geranium 2. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Hyssopus officinalis. it is full of interesting angles. so. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Santolina virens.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Galium odoratum.Myrrhis odorata. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. sweet 13. As a whole. too. sweet cicely 23.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. geometric design.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. rosemary 3. English lavender 10. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Thymus × citriodorus.C. the work paths could be eliminated.Stachys byzantina. gray .Lavandula angustifolia. blue 22.

Artemisia abrotanum. French thyme santolina 15.6.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis. germander 16.Teucrium chamaedrys. classic myrtle 9.Dianthus caryophyllus. 25.Artemisia camphorata.Ilex opaca. horehound24. silver mound artemisia 18. camphor-scented wormwood 8. clove pink 7. American southernwood holly 17. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Myrtus communis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.

Hyssopus officinalis. English lavender 6. Ocimum basilicum. tansy 25. borage 23. sativa.Thymus praecox subsp. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. arcticus 21. Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana. Sometimes space is limited. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. yarrow 12. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. this herb garden is secluded. which adds its impression of warmth. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. gray santolina 13. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet woodruff 5. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. Job's tears 11. French tarragon 14. too. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon balm 22. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. Galium odoratum. Achillea millefolium. winter savory 16.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. This center of interest is of particular note.Melissa officinalis. pot marigold 24.Artemisia absinthium. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Its arrow points north and.Calendula officinalis.Borago officinalis. sweet basil 4. Coix lacryma-jobi.Tanacetum vulgare.Chamaemelum . blue hyssop 2. absinthe 26. rosemary 15. casts the shadow for the hour. purple basil 3.Rosmarinus officinalis.

pineapplescented sage 9.Syringa. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. chive 18. Salvia officinalis. sweet 29. marjoram pecan 10.Symphytum officinale. Salvia elegans.Carya illinoinensis.7. comfrey20. wild marjoram 28.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium in variety.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. costmary 'Albus'. scented-leaf 27.Origanum vulgare. garden sage 19.Chrysanthemum balsamita. variegated garden sage 8. white creeping thyme nobile. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . chamomile 17.

30.Marrubium vulgare. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. hyssop Meyer lemon . sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 18. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. dill 20.Origanum majorana. purple basil Zingiber officinale. The more invasive ones. rose geranium 2. Anthriscus cerefolium. sativa. chervil 15. 8. rue 31. 19. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. When controlled in this way. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. blue 23. 6.Pelargonium graveolens. summer 32.Ruta graveolens. lemon balm 35. parsley 17.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Myrrhis odorata. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 33. for example lemon balm and spearmint. garlic Levisticum officinale. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Salvia officinalis. sunken into the ground.Apium graveolens. sweet 34. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Ipomoea alba. 5. 3.Allium sativum. lovage 22.Teucrium chamaedrys. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Melissa officinalis. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely 37. 7. 36.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Satureja hortensis. 9.Pelargonium × limoneum. 4. 1. true ginger16.Artemisia dracunculus var. 29. French sorrel 21.Allium schoenoprasum.Galium odoratum.

dwarf nasturtium 13. salad burnet 25.10. bush basil 14.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus × citriodorus.Magnolia virginiana.Tropaeolum minus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. spearmint 27. Japanese yew 39. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Greek oregano 12. English thyme 26. lemon verbena 11.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lemonthyme 28.Mentha spicata. sweet basil 38. French thyme 24.

< previous page page_22 next page > . Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. however. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. "Simplify. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. whatever the reason. simplify!. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. a quick way to ensure good drainage. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. but.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Lycopersicon lycopersicum. spicebush absinthe French'.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. lemon 22.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var. lettuce 10.Aloe barbadensis. sweet 17.Lactuca sativa.Mentha spicata. spearmint 21.Anethum graveolens. peppermint 23. tansy 11. rue 20.Capsicum frutescens. French tarragon 5.Hedeoma pulegioides. bee balm 19. 14.Salvia officinalis. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . dill 13. sweet 15. jewelweed24. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. parsley 2. 12. arcticus.Allium fistulosum.Melissa officinalis.Monarda didyma. 1.Satureja hortensis.Tanacetum vulgare.Petroselinum crispum. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Rosmarinus officinalis. 18. aloe Grossum Group.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia absinthium. sweet 25. bell pepper 6. summer basil savory 7.Galium odoratum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lindera benzoin.Impatiens capensis.Thymus praecox subsp. balm sativa. garden sage 3.Ruta graveolens. 26.Mentha x piperita. tomato American pennyroyal 4.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. 8.Pelargonium in variety.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. . Russian 13. germander 7. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. horizontally laid bluestone. French thyme 2.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Thymus praecox subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. Perovskia abrotanoides. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. encloses this plan. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. arcticus 14. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Teucrium chamaedrys. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. faced and capped with random. too. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A low wall of brick. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. 1. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.

-John'swort 17.Galium odoratum.Hamamelis virginiana. trumpet vine 16. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Campsis radicans. St. witch hazel 18.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Viburnum cassinoides. Thymus × citriodorus. white creeping thyme 5.Santolina neapolitana 4.Melissa officinalis. blue 11. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lemon balm hyssop 12. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . lemon thyme 10. lavender 3.angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme 9. lady's6.Hyssopus officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'.Alchemilla vulgaris.

lilac. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. It is. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. < previous page page_28 next page > .< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. the shrubsyew. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. however. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Although this is not a large garden. box. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. holly. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. However. Germander is a proper edging here. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Salvia sclarea.Santolina virens. arcticus 'Coccineus'. sweet violet 19.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. Mentha requienii. Corsican 24. lavender 22. shrubby cinquefoil 46. lady's. orris 38. mantle chamomile 5. florentina. rue 6. 18. Thymus praecox subsp.Syringa patula. santolina alpine pink 28. Simkins'. Myrrhis odorata. red creeping thyme 10.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Japanese yew 44. 9. woolly thyme 7.Iris cristata. prostrate rosemary 13.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Chamaemelum nobile. broom 40.Comptonia peregrina.20. germander 36.Stachys byzantina.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Japanese holly 47.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia frigida. sweet albula.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. columnal yew 43.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. fringed wormwood 16.Eloise & Jo Ray.Iris × germanica var. Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet cicely17. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. blue horehound hyssop 3. 21. crimson creeping thyme 31.Borago officinalis. dwarf box 41.Myrtus communis. 1. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Salvia leucophylla. classic myrtle 15. Marrubium vulgare. fraxinella 33. Viola odorata.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Anemone pulsatilla.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. dwarf crested iris 39. gray sage savory 14. green 27. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . clary 30. Thymus praecox subsp. alpine strawberry 8. mint silver mound artemisia 25. arcticus 'Albus'. white hyssop 4. lamb'sears 35. Japanese holly 42.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Dictamnus albus.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 26. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Cytisus supinus. winter 29.Satureja montana.Teucrium chamaedrys. 23.Artemisia camphorata.Santolina pinnata 34. cottage pink 2. dwarf privet 48.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Ruta graveolens. lilac 45. white creeping thyme 37. 32. Heliotropium arborescens.

and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This hedge. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. a running bond pattern. and a vegetable garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. < previous page page_30 next page > . The direction a path takes can add interest. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. as is true here in the vegetable garden. Other paths are brick. an herb garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. while adding to the enclosure of the area. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. a cutting garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines.

< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. . Landscape Architect.L.S.A. A.

32. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Dictamnus albus. Anethum graveolens 23.Allium christophii.Satureja montana. yellow 24. sativa.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. lemon thyme 40.Teucrium chamaedrys. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. alpine strawberry 3. York-andLancaster rose 16.Hyssopus officinalis. 52. winter savory 44. cottage pink French'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Ribes alpinum.Stachys byzantina. green santolina 42.Origanum majorana. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. plantain lily 2.Pelargonium in variety. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Lilium candidum.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Aloysia triphylla.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. 53.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. 47. Aquilegia chrysantha. Stokes' aster 31.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. lamb's-ears 49.Rosa damascena savory crispum. 1. germander 39.Helleborus niger. verbena rose chive 11.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. yellow 35. blue iris 9.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 22.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. double white peony of-Persia 12. 14. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina virens.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. French tarragon 8.Ocimum basilicum 54.Limonium latifolium.Galium odoratum.Polystichum acrostichoides. Louise'. helenium 4. blue 27. French thyme 7. 55.Salvia sclarea.Hemerocallis × luteola.Satureja hortensis. 37. fraxinella 26. yellow epimedium 15. Campanula persicifolia. dill wishbone flower 5.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Stokesia laevis.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. statice Solemacher'. candytuft Standard'.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. Christmas 48. blue hyssop 43. sweet 51.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. bush basil 41. lavender 18. clary 46. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Petroselinum crispum var. summer 34.Chrysanthemum × superbum. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Digitalis grandiflora.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 56. starsMaxima'.The number in each planting area is the key number. 50. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis. Achillea taygetea. lemon 29. pale 28. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Magnolia virginiana. white 'Bouquet'.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet marjoram 45.

< previous page page_32 next page > . Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. a retaining wall or walls are needed. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. as in this case. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden.

A.Lavandula angustifolia. bee balm 24. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola odorata.A. Landscape Architect.45.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. spearmint 41.Galium odoratum.Mentha spicata. English 44.Iris cristata. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet 23. lady's43. Borago officinalis. Stachys byzantina. lemon 22. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Ocimum basilicum. lamb's25.Aloysia triphylla. lemon verbena 46. Monarda didyma.R. . 42. The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. 21. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. F. crispum. Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var.Iris pseudacorus. borage 26.Alchemilla vulgaris.

Satureja hortensis.Verbascum thapsus.Marrubium vulgare.Allium sativum. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. sweet marjoram 28.Origanum heracleoticum.Rosa × rehderana. garlic chive 48. curly mint 30.Artemisia abrotanum. 52.Mentha × piperita var. curly parsley oak 17.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. flowering dogwood 15.Anethum graveolens. fennel 35.7.Capsicum frutescens. leek 49. 37.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Proliferum Group. summer 32. French tarragon holly 13. polyantha rose 12. savory sativa. rosemary 9.Petroselinum crispum var. carpet bugleweed 8.Allium tuberosum. Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. garden sage 36.Cornus florida. Ajuga reptans.Petroselinum crispum var. rue 51. Egyptian onion 11. wild 39. pink hawthorn 16. mullein chive 47. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. post crispum 'Banquet'. 56. tabasco senna pepper 20. 33. absinthe English thyme 27. horehound neapolitanum.Salvia elegans. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. pennyroyal 54.Artemisia dracunculus var. orange mint 29. clove 55.Mentha pulegium.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 57. pineapple38.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Nepeta cataria. catnip 50.Quercus stellata.Dianthus caryophyllus.Allium ampeloprasum. myrtle 58. southernwood 31. 40.Crataegus arkansana. citrata.Ruta graveolens. Porrum Group.Elaeagnus pungens.Artemisia absinthium.Origanum majorana.Cassia marilandica.Vinca minor. dill 34. Greek 53.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. salad burnet 10.Allium cepa. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .

< previous page page_34 next page > . The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. and vinegars. Although this is a northeast exposure.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. However. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. sleep pillows. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. mothproofing bags. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.

English finger-bowl geranium 38.Allium moly.Pelargonium graveolens. rue 26. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. 1. bee balm 30.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. 21. orris 17. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Allium pulchellum 47. 49. daylily in variety 41. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 27. round-headed garlic 46. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Allium sphaerocephalum. nutmeg geranium 39. lilac 32. 'Monge'. Roman 20.Tsuga canadensis. 24.Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf nasturtium 37.Hemerocallis. Ruta graveolens.Laurus nobilis. balm valerian 15. garden 'Purpurascens'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Lactuca. crispum. pot 28.Alchemilla vulgaris. garden sage 2. 'President Poincare'. Poterium sanguisorba. sativa. southernwood 9.Salvia oficinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Artemisia pontica. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Allium sativum var. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Tropaeolum minus. burnet lovage 6. lemon 31. American rosemary arborvitae 34. Petroselinum crispum var. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Levisticum officinale.Satureja montana. winter 29.Pelargonium fragrans.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata.Artemisia abrotanum. costmary 5. florentina. French tarragon 10.Allium cepa.Aloysia triphylla. 50.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. lily leek 44. Santolina chamaecyparissus. tansy 16.Galium odoratum. lemon 18. lettuce in variety 25. Egyptian onion 42.Rumex scutatus.Thuja occidentalis. Hallock'. 23. Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis . Proliferum Group. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Agastache foeniculum. peppermint geranium 40.Tanacetum vulgare. lavender 7.Melissa officinalis. lemon verbena 36. blue hyssop 35.Pelargonium tomentosum. bay 48.Salvia elegans.Iris × germanica var. anise hyssop 14. salad 22. purple basil sage 11.Pelargonium × limoneum.Valeriana officinalis.Monarda didyma.Calendula officinalis. 19. chive 43.

Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Invasive. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. < previous page page_36 next page > . Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point.

sativa. valerian 5. pineapple mint 22. horehound 46. pineapplescented sage 47.Sempervivum tectorum. dwarf winter savory 2. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Monarda didyma.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. houseleek 45. fennel 25. thyme 3. golden thyme . Digitalis purpurea.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia elegans. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Poterium sanguisorba. white thrift 24.Marrubium vulgare. French tarragon 44. foxglove 4. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 1. salad burnet 23.Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja hortensis. bee balm 26.Armeria maritima. summer savory 43. Valeriana officinalis.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.

Salvia sclarea. Madonna cicely lily 12.Rosa eglanteria.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. sweet basil sage 27. 39.Salvia officinalis.Lilium candidum.Sium sisarum.Thymus praecox subsp.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. sweet 50. 61. rosemary 28.Salvia viridis.Rosa chinensis.Myrrhis odorata. dwarf edging box 21. China rose comfrey 19. yellow 41.Foeniculum vulgare. white 58.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. fraxinella 8.Galium odoratum. Angelica archangelica.Allium schoenoprasum. annual clary 51.Crocus sativus. 40.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Helleborus niger. parthenium.Lavandula angustifolia. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Echium vulgare.Laurus nobilis.Levisticum officinale. 33. garden 42. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Anemone pulsatilla. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. pink 62.Origanum majorana.Helleborus orientalis.Calendula officinalis. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Symphytum officinale. dyer's woad 7.Chrysanthemum 36. marigold chive 15.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. 54. 38. rue 31. pink 59.6. germander 56. viper's 34. 30.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Eranthis hyemalis. angelica Lenten rose 10.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet 37. Dictamnus albus. white creeping thyme aconite 14. absinthe 53. pot 35. lavender Christmas rose 11.Galium verum.Ruta graveolens. sweet 32. Isatis tinctoria.Ocimum basilicum.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. English 52.Artemisia absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 57.Agrimonia eupatoria.Hyssopus officinalis. feverfew climbing rose 16. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. French'.Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 55. skirret 60.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. clary 48. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.

Carya ovata. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and the shagbark hickory. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. However. < previous page page_38 next page > . Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. even though space is limited. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. There is variety in this plan.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton. Landscape Architect .

Poterium sanguisorba. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. Aloysia triphylla. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. green santolina Primula veris. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. flax Buxus sempervirens. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. French Galium odoratum. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. Marrubium vulgare. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis.Arisaema triphyllum. rue Cornusflorida. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. sweet basil Satureja montana. Canada Isatis tinctoria. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. germander Agastache foeniculum. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. bee balm Melissa officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. Asarum canadense. stewardsonii. lamb's. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. citrata. sativa. box Carya ovata. borage Petroselinum crispum. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. Adiantum pedatum. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. valerian Rosa damascena. angelica Mondarda didyma. Artemisia absinthium. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. chive Ilex opaca. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. box Ruta graveolens.Galium verum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. red mint . cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. box Buxus sempervirens. catmint Hyssopus officinalis.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

An informal. A clump of birch here.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. too. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. a dipping pool there. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. However. this excavation. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. A singular statue of St. For this appearance. is on a sandy knoll. unplanned look was desired. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. it is open on the side facing the house. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. < previous page page_40 next page > .

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

spearmint 45.Betula papyrifera.Vinca minor. peppermint 47.Anthriscus cerefolium. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 63.Allium schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis. 59. rose bergamot valerian 25. 'Prostratus'.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Teucrium canadense.Monarda didyma. 33. 8.Glechoma hederacea. 68. sweet 71. white birch English lavender parthenium.Mentha pulegium. blue 2.Pulmonaria officinalis. orris chamaecyparissus. 61. thrift55.Salvia elegans.Pelargonium quercifolium. wild 43.Thymus herba-barona. Johnny-jump-up54. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 76. 67. 74. catnip 73. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Origanum majorana. rue 29. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Viola tricolor.Satureja montana.Althaea officinalis.Digitalis grandiflora.Consolida orientalis. 77. horehound mallow foxglove 16. Thymus × citriodorus.Anethum graveolens. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. bee balm .Thymus praecox subsp. fern-leaf tansy 23.Mentha suaveolens. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Valeriana officinalis.Origanum vulgare. 78.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. 30.Nepeta cataria.Melissa officinalis.Chelidonium majus.Stachys byzantina. pot 66.Monarda fistulosa.The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea tomentosa. feverfew 27. 60.Origanum onites. mint 50. lemon 35.Armeria maritima.Rosa 'Merry England'. Ruta graveolens.Allium favum lovage 22.Satureja hortensis. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Salvia officinalis. celandine cicely 18. woolly thyme 13. lamb's-ears parsley 19. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. red mint 48. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Pelargonium graveolens. pineapple3. 75.Tanacetum vulgare var.Angelica archangelica. 64.Coriandrum sativum. 38. Thymus praecox subsp. 72.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Ajuga reptans. gray scented sage santolina 4. 31.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 52. Iris × germanica var. pennyroyal 46. purple basil 9. French'. 79. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. apple mint 49. 34.Petroselinum crispum. creeping juniper 26.Pelargonium crispum.Chrysanthemum 80. golden 37.Pelargonium denticulatum.Santolina florentina. wild 51.Digitalis purpurea. 36. 32. chive crispum. 1. 65. 53. garden sage lungwort 57.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 58. 70. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. myrtle 14.Convallaria majalis.Marrubium vulgare. marsh 42.Mentha spicata. winter savory 20. 69.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Mentha × piperita.Myrrhis odorata.Urginea maritima.Artemisia abrotanum.Mentha × gentilis. orange geranium 11.Ocimum basilicum. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. lemon balm 44. Sempervivum tectorum. sea onion angelica 24. 12.Levisticum officinale. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. rose geranium 10.Poterium sanguisorba.

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A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the accents of the six large box. < previous page page_42 next page > . is used for the wall. the same as the smokehouse construction. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Foundation stone. Because of the edging box. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. making it more a part of the herb garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. and the two small trees.

A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.L.A.S. .

rosemary 3. 1.Allium giganteum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Corsican 33. sweet cicely45.Chrysanthemum 28.Viola tricolor. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Artemisia abrotanum.Buxus sempervirens. 41. blue angelica lungwort 20.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 27. Pelargonium graveolens. verbena English thyme 5.Angelica archangelica.Crataegus laevigata. white 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Levisticum officinale.Tanacetum vulgare var. dwarf edging box 14. purple basil sativa. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. sweet marjoram 2.Ocimum basilicum 30.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata. 'Purpurascens'. spearmint 48. Symphytum officinale. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Galium odoratum. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. 44.The number in each planting area is the key number.Prunus domestica. balsamita. lemon basil 15.Aloysia triphylla. Rosmarinus officinalis. balm citrata. pineapple mint 18. lemon 36. 47.Allium schoenoprasum. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Mentha requienii. 22.Fritillaria imperialis. 35. sweet 26. European ginger 4. 40. 31.Satureja montana.Alchemilla vulgaris.Mentha × piperita.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Lilium candidum. Asarum europaeum.Mentha × piperita var. orange mint 19. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. fraxinella 17.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. box 'Citriodorum'. lovage 46. 21.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. crownbasil savory imperial 11. English 'Minimum'. lady's. Satureja hortensis.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia frigida.Myrrhis odorata.38. species in variety crispum.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. fringed 43. Lavandula angustifolia. lemon 34.Ocimum basilicum 32.Pulmonaria officinalis. Dictamnus albus. summer 25. Ocimum basilicum 24. 39. winter 42. Origanum majorana. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. bee balm 29.Crocus.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. sweet 37.

the dwarf box edging. although it is ample at four feet. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Instead. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. This is true also of the stone curbing. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. The dipping bowl. < previous page page_44 next page > . this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. pink of Dianthus. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. a soil retainer. two specimen shrubs. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Lowgrowing. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. This hedge. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. too. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant.

.A.L.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect. A.S.

Myrica pensylvanica. 53. 26.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Pelargonium in variety.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. 43. thyme 29. 44.Thymus × citriodorus. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Borago officinalis. clary 32.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. orange mint 8.Narcissus asturiensis. 45. arcticus 30.Mentha × piperita. white 42.Leucojum aestivum. arcticus 34. 36. angustifolia 'Nana'. 50. Origanum majorana. Stachys byzantina.Mertensia virginica.Salvia sclarea. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. catmint 35. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Pelargonium in variety. caraway thyme albus. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Galanthus nivalis.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 61. lemon 60.Crocus speciosus. Madonna 63.Helleborus niger. angel's-tears 59. golden thyme41. winter savory 39.Santolina virens.Narcissus triandrus var. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium christophii. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 56.Nepeta mussinii.Mentha spicata.Mentha × piperita var.57.Lilium candidum. green santolina 37.Tulipa kaufmanniana. sweet 27.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Digitalis grandiflora.Teucrium canadense. American 38. marjoram crocus 7. spearmint 48.Tulipa clusiana. verbena snowflake 19. Thymus praecox subsp.Sternbergia lutea.Convallaria majalis.Thymus herba-barona. 46. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. Compactus'.Crocus kotschyanus. gray 22. lily. 40.Thymus praecox subsp. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. sweet 55. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. tulip citrata. 52.Ocimum basilicum.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. Spanish bluebell 16. 49.Galium odoratum.Aloysia triphylla. lamb's-ears 28. prostrate rosemary 18.Cimicifuga racemosa.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.The number in each planting area is the key number. Salvia officinalis. lemon 33.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 2.Crocus angustifolius.Angelica archangelica.Dicentra spectabilis.Satureja montana. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 51. sweet 47. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. rue25. borage 31. 17.Hamamelis virginiana. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 1.Helleborus lividus subsp. 'Lanuginosus'.Crocus tomasinianus.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Thymus doerfleri. black cohosh windflower 15. 20. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Anemone blanda.Heliotropium arborescens. 58. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Levisticum officinale. 54.

First. The results have been most satisfying. Second. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. very livable and profoundly satisfying. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Morning sun warms it early. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower.

Apium graveolens. wild celery 42. Thymus × citriodorus. absinthe sativa. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Salvia sclarea. . Ocimum basilicum. 25. Beauty'.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.A. marigold 41.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia lactiflora. French tarragon 5. leek 46.S.Artemisia dracunculus var.Tulipa tarda. 26. Porrum Group. garden sage 4.Allium neapolitanum. English thyme 43. Artemisia absinthium 24.L.Salvia officinalis. 'Lambrook Silver'. The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Crocus sieberi. lemon 21.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Thymus praecox subsp. crocus 44. sweet basil 23. A. woolly thyme 3. tulip 45. clary thyme 22. Landscape Architect. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Allium ampeloprasum.

Clematis 'Mrs.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. bee balm foxglove Choice'. great 31.Lobelia siphilitica. red currant gray santolina 13. lobelia Sherbert'. sweet 37. curly parsley 20. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. white evergreen azalea 16.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. clematis 11.Nepeta × faassenii.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Ribes sativum. 8.Stachys byzantina. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Santolina virens.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. lovage 34. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. American elderberry 15.Digitalis grandiflora.Ipomoea alba. butterfly 47. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Achillea filipendula 60. alpine 28. Lavandula angustifolia.Levisticum officinale.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium schoenoprasum. weed chive 48. Viola odorata. 54.Malus hupehensis.Dictamnus albus. American marjoram Yellow'.Asclepias tuberosa.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Aconitum napellus. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. pale 49. yellow 55. 39.foxglove 7.Origanum majorana.Ilex opaca.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium senescens var.Artemisia camphorata. blue 38.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Aloysia triphylla.Tropaeolum minus. dogwood 19.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Galium mollugo. 29. 56.Hyssopus officinalis.Dianthus × allwoodii. catmint 53. green 40. 32. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . lamb's-ears 52.Cornus florida. Robert verbena Brydon'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. 58. fraxinella 36. lemon 50. pink 30. viola holly 18. monkshood upright yew 17.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

even though the growing area is not extensive. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. repeats again the octagonal form. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A birdbath of copper. are raised with bricks on edge. The four herb beds. Well-drained as they are. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. an impression of Sol in it. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 28. lemon 41. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Anethum graveolens. Stachys byzantina. curly parsley 32. 27.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. curly mint 3. golden variegated garden sage 38.Pelargonium crispum. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. white creeping thyme 12. Artemisia dracunculus var. 16. French tarragon 7.Petroselinum crispum var. orange santolina geranium 11. Galium odoratum. lemon 30. absinthe 20.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Salvia sclarea. 19.Joan E. 29.Ocimum basilicum. bush basil 23. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . silver mound artemisia 8. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. heliotrope 31. 1. purple variegated garden sage 36. thyme salad burnet 40.Mentha spicata. sweet woodruff 9. peppermint 4. English thyme horehound 2. sweet basil 22. spearmint southernwood 5.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Aloysia triphylla. rue 35. prostrate rosemary 34. lavender 15.Pelargonium denticulatum.Thymus × citriodorus. clove pink 10. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Mentha × piperita.Allium schoenoprasum. 43.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosemary 33.Lavandula dentata.Salvia officinalis. lamb's-ears 17.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus praecox subsp. dill 18.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Heliotropium arborescens. catmint 6. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. clary 21.Marrubium vulgare.Santolina 25. Artemisia absinthium. sativa. French 26.Pelargonium graveolens. Artemisia abrotanum. Semple.Pelargonium tomentosum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Allium tuberosum. lemon 39. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. 42. variegated garden sage 37. crispum.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. purple basil 24.Ruta graveolens.Nepeta mussinii.

Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. and lantana are a few. A suitable fence. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. A birdbath may replace the pool. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. rose. lemon verbena. rose geranium. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. a toolhouse. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. if neither is available.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. too. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. < previous page page_52 next page > . or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Landscape Architect. zonal geranium 18.Pelargonium frutetorum. white creeping thyme 2.Heliotropium arborescens.Chamaemelum nobile. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. zonal geranium 19. 1. verbena ambrosia 4. 7.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Santolina virens.Origanum majorana.Rosmarinus officinalis.Chenopodium botrys. green 12.Thymus × citriodorus.Tanacetum vulgare var. lavender 3.A. lemon 10. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. geranium 16. heliotrope 21.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. absinthe 'Minimum'. A. rosescented geranium 17. woolly thyme 15. crispum.L.Thymus praecox subsp. The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon thyme 20. bush basil 5.Artemisia absinthium 11. Thymus praecox subsp. 13. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. gray santolina chamomile 14.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. arcticus 'Albus'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Aloysia triphylla. 9. fern-leaf tansy 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.

It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Hyssop hedges define the circles. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. but the design itself has endured forty years. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. As the snows melt. the design is clearly traced. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. The dwarf box frames the focal point. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. a sundial. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. These can easily obliterate a design. mints. Box and holly enclose it all. box. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. a deep mauve to others.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. apothecary's rose. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Angelica. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. artemisias.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. bronze 64. lamb's-ears 33.Isatis tinctoria. florentina.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 38.Lamium album. French thyme Madonna lily 16. orris 57.Paeonia officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula dentata. 26. wild 52.Perillafrutescens.Thymus praecox subsp.30. rue 23.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus orientalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. feverfew 14.Iris × germanica var. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Artemisia absinthium. Tropaeolum majus. Dianthus caryophyllus. bush basil nettle orpine 4. 67. 'Albus'. arcticus 40. valerian 6. 55.Allium schoenoprasum. rosemary 25.Taxus.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop 42. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Galium odoratum.Stachys byzantina. sweet 27.Helleborus niger. fern-leaf tansy 5. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 58. skirret 53. perilla 51.Symphytum officinale.47.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. houseleek Lenten rose 11. green.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. Origanum majorana. blue 50.Armeria maritima. germander 43. white 66. orris box 22. southernwood 2.Arisaema dracontium. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Alchemilla vulgaris.James D. crimson creeping thyme 18.Myrrhis odorata. sweet woodruff45.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina neapolitana 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Monarda fistulosa. clove pink 29.Melissa officinalis. alpine 60.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Lavandula angustifolia.Lilium candidum.Tanacetum vulgare var. white creeping thyme French'. daffodil 17.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Artemisia camphorata. leaf geranium French lavender 8. Satureja montana. absinthe 34.Valeriana officinalis. Pelargonium in variety. green santolina 24. dyer's woad 9.63. Canadian burnet 13. arcticus 39. gray 37. nasturtium 28.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. dwarf edging box 21. grape fennel 19.Asarum europaeum. 56. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. 59. chamomile 31.Vitis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. masterwort 69. lady's-mantle 46.Sempervivum tectorum. lilac 70. white dead 49.Alchemilla alpina. thrift 41. winter savory 32. Graham. butterfly weed35. 1. yew Beauty'.Pyrus communis. 65.Thymus praecox subsp.Syringa.Sedum telephium.Buxus sempervirens. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. piney 44.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Asclepias tuberosa. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Astrantia major. marjoram lungwort crispum.Origanum onites. 62.Foeniculum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. scented.Sium sisarum.Reseda luteola. Santolina virens. weld 54. 48. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.

but no panacea for the maintenance required. < previous page page_56 next page > . rising from the courtyard. At the top of the steps. with buds of red. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. The brick edging around each bed is a help." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. In addition to the brick edging around each. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. However. If there is room for only one rambler rose. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. Rosa 'Albertine'. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. include this one. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. They are small specialty beds. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. pink. The large. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium.

23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana. lemon balm 42.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Tanacetum vulgare. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. 1. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. foxglove 39. angelica 20. rhubarb 2. bush basil 43. garden sage 40. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. caraway 24.Borago officinalis. lavender 4. English thyme .< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. winter savory 41. subsp. tansy Bois'. 22.Melissa officinalis. Angelica archangelica. alpine strawberry 3. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus × citriodorus.Rheum rhabarbarum.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Carum carvi.

29.Chrysanthemum balsamita. salad 7.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. lemon 51.Poterium sanguisorba.Tagetes filifolia.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. clove pink Mammoth'. blue hyssop 25.Anethum graveolens 47.R. prostrate rosemary 16. 45.Aloysia triphylla. French'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Teucrium chamaedrys.R.R.Dianthus Victoria'. marguerite chive 9. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Chrysanthemum.'Albertine'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. curly parsley 26. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Artemisia dracunculus 44. 36.Origanum majorana. 35. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Allium schoenoprasum.Laurus nobilis. 49.Marrubium vulgare. citrata.sativa. French 33.R. Mexican tea 18. cheddar pink 53. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Pelargonium. thyme frutescens. centifolia 'Cristata'. Irish-lace 48. 31.Lavandula dentata. silver 27. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. 54.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. Consolida ambigua.Mentha × piperita var.Chrysanthemum 46.Chenopodium 55. pot 50.R. Hyssopus officinalis. muscosa 15. sweet 37.'Baronne Prevost'. borboniana 'La Reine 14. centifolia var.Satureja hortensis. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. geranium in 30.Petroselinum crispum var. 56. var. pineapple34.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Salvia elegans.R.Calendula officinalis.6. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. musk rose 12. rose 28. bourbon rose 10. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. centifolia.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.R. Pelargonium graveolens.R.

A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Laid in an unusual pattern. Balance is augmented. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. as it should be. < previous page page_58 next page > . Beautifully precise and symmetrical.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. It is near the house. too. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. and the access to it is surfaced with brick.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

16. sweet basil 14. A. 1.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. white creeping thyme 4. 24. rosemary yellow viola 10. chive lemon verbena 6. Landscape Architect.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina virens. 20. gray 15.Myosotis sylvatica. green 22. 21.Thymus praecox subsp. 19.Hyssopus officinalis. heliotrope 3.Ocimum basilicum. blue hyssop 13. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .A. santolina moss rose 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus. English'.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 23.Anethum graveolens. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Satureja hortensis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. dwarf edging box 8. Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana.Aloysia triphylla. The number in each planting area is the key number.L. double white peony 5.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.S. 17. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. dill 9. arcticus 'Albus'.Heliotropium arborescens. English thyme signet marigold 11. lavender 2.Salvia officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.

This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. and the grape arbor. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. Herbs. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . The grape vines. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. too. potted lemon verbena. and a comfortable. winter pruned. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. the fence with roses. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Connecticut Vera Breed. Aloysia triphylla. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Nepeta mussinii. lemon Linum perenne. lovage Myrrhis odorata. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Stachys byzantina. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. 3. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. purple variegated garden sage 4. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. three. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . conical yew rosemary 1. Teucrium chamaedrys. marsh climbing rose. sweet climbing rose. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Valeriana officinalis. Althaea officinalis. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Galium odoratum. BED II germander BED IV 2. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Iris cristata. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris.

BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Delphinium × belladonna.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus. Sempervivum. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 9. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 10. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. fairy rose Giant'. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. catmint 5. creeping thyme in variety 8. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. lemon Anemone hybrida. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Munstead'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. plume Baptisia australis. Thymus × citriodorus. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. tuberosa 6. Chamaemelum nobile. houseleek in variety 7. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. beach Marrubium vulgare.

The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Later. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. this was replaced with ''edging" box. myrtle. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. blue green. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. its detail is shown below. magnolia. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . silver. grew too large. holly. Herbs.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Either it flourished too well. Another angle could be tried with these. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. if desired. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. and bright green in the herb beds. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Ivy. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. tend to broaden the width of the garden. planted in bands across these beds. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

English'. rue 20. Ruta graveolens.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Mentha spicata. woolly thyme 8.Ilex opaca.Vinca minor.Origanum majorana. thyme 38.Rumex scutatus.Levisticum officinale.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. thyme 37. French 27. 44. silver-king artemisia 23.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Tanacetum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. bay rosemary 12. purple garden sage 7.Pelargonium × nervosum. lovage 48.Satureja montana.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus praecox subsp. American holly 31. English ivy burnet 10.Poterium sanguisorba. white creeping thyme 41.Monarda didyma.Magnolia grandiflora. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. ears rose geranium 3.Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum 22.Marrubium vulgare. Tropaeolum minus. 25. winter 'Purpurascens'. caraway thyme 40.19. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Borago officinalis. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. dwarf edging box 11. 1. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . 49.Teucrium chamaedrys. dwarf 21.Buxus sempervirens 14. Ocimum basilicum 24.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. bayberry balm thyme 13. borage 26. salad 43.Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia. 28.Artemisia ludoviciana var. box chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium fragrans. 6. arcticus 'Albus'. bush basil albula. myrtle 47. gray santolina 15.Thymus carnosus.Pelargonium graveolens. 33. horehound germander 17. English thyme chamomile 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm30. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Hedera helix. 'Minimum'.Laurus nobilis. lime geranium 4. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia dracunculus var. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. tansy 45. French thyme 39. lamb's.Thymus praecox subsp.Myrica pensylvanica.Artemisia abrotanum. spearmint 42.Thymus herba-barona.Thymus doerfleri. lemon 29. sweet 34. purple basil savory 35.Mentha suaveolens. sweet woodruff 36. Stachys byzantina. lemon 46.

as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. potted shrubs. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. too. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. The use of flagstone.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. It is a large garden. maypoles. and treessome of which are espaliered. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. accent this prime focal point even more. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. Laurus nobilis. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. adding to the space for walking. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. < previous page page_64 next page > . The four potted bay. too. It is located for the best viewing. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. standards. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. There is variety in the walks. brick.

Viola tricolor. musty oakscented geranium 5.Calendula officinalis. winter 27.P. Satureja montana.P. Johnny-jump.Chenopodium botrys. 26. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. apple English thyme up geranium 3. 1. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.P. 25. 49.quercifolium.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . pot 52. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.acerifolium.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Nigella damascena.53. fragrans.P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. love-in. 51. lemon 29.50. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. wild 28.odoratissimum. Thymus × citriodorus.

glutinosum. parsley 35.Poterium sanguisorba. chamomile 8. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. crowfoot 70. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. strawberry 48. white creeping thyme geranium 68. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Petroselinum crispum. 57. cherry tomato chive 17. tomentosum. golden lemon thyme 7.Malus.P. lettuce 40. Chamaemelum nobile. pheasant's. arcticus43. horehound 46.P.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. dill 36. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Tanacetum vulgare var.Mentha pulegium. 62.P.Myrtus communis.Artemisia dracunculus var. box 19. bronze 38.Salvia officinalis. radens. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. crispum 'Minor'. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Fragaria vesca. forsythia 'Albus'. Rosmarinus officinalis.P.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. lemon southernwood geranium 34. lettuce 39. rose geranium66. 58.Achilleafilipendula.P.Marrubium vulgare. rosemary 9. sweet flag 16.P.72. orange geranium 23. pine crispum.P.Monarda didyma.Origanum dictamnus.× nervosum. wild thyme 31. 71. lime geranium 55.P. sweet 37.Thymus praecox subsp.Livingston'. classic 21.Allium schoenoprasum. denticulatum.P.Malus angustifolia.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Forsythia.Artemisia abrotanum. 41. radens 'Dr. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Viola odorata.Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium crispum.Allium senescens var. English lavender 32.Anethum graveolens. fern-leaf 60.Aloysia triphylla. lemon geranium 33. lemon 47. 44. 61.Melissa officinalis.Mentha. 64. peppermint 67. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon balm 45. graveolens. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.6. lemon geranium 56.Thymus serpyllum.Foeniculum vulgare. garden sage 54. Hyssopus officinalis.Poncirus trifoliata. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . denticulatum 11.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Acorus calamus.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.P. salad 42. blue hyssop 10.Origanum majorana.Lavandula angustifolia.P. bay 20. French tarragon Rose'. crispum.Salvia caerulea. bee balm 63.Laurus nobilis.P. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. fern-leaf 'Nana'. lemon-rose geranium 22. lemon 65.P. camphor-scented geranium 69.

It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. In keeping with this feeling. The result is one of sculptured elegance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. too. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. This is a large garden by any standard. and Allium karataviense.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. < previous page page_66 next page > . with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. green santolina.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

wormwood fennel 2. dwarf garden 17. 8.Liriope muscari. apple mint 13. fringed 7.Salvia officinalis. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. big blue lilyturf 12.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativa. winter savory 9. Mentha suaveolens.Hyssopus officinalis. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Foeniculum vulgare. 1. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . blue hyssop 16. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium christophii. arcticus.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. green santolina 14.Thymus × citriodorus. chive 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Santolina virens.Florence B. Baker.Allium moly.Artemisia frigida. Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 18.Levisticum officinale. 15.Satureja montana.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 11. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. gray 10.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the square. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. and for the lavender when its bloom is past.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Many herb gardens could provide this. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. for the box after new spring growth. < previous page page_70 next page > . the upper deck. the circle. and the front porch of the house.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

dwarf edging box 7. lavender 5. Italian cypress 9.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. 1. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . dwarf myrtle 6.The number in each planting area is the key number. chamomile 2. viola 3.Satureja montana.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lemon 8.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Cupressus sempervirens.Cedrus deodara.Chamaemelum nobile.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. winter savory 4.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.

Paths are gravel." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Coin with Tudor rose design. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. from Peter Coats. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Roses.. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. as it was with this plan. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Malva sylvestris. Hyssopus officinalis. yellow flag 26.Viola odorata. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Crocus sativus.Ruta graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana. lettuce 28. Thymus serpyllum. English daisy 36.Aconitum napellus.Buxus sempervirens.Calendula officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Primula vulgaris. oxlip 17. wild thyme 5. sweet violet 6.Petroselinum crispum. Foeniculum vulgare.Fragaria vesca. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . fennel 21.Primula elatior. spearmint 30. sweet marjoram 3. winter 32.Anemone pulsatilla. saffron lily crocus 12. Origanum majorana. rue 33.Iris pseudacorus. Eryngium maritimum.Lilium candidum. 34.Mentha × piperita. 1. absinthe peppermint 8. mallow 13. earth 24. rosemary 16.Myrtus communis.Crithmum maritimum.Carum carvi. 19.Fumaria officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. English pasqueflower primrose 14. salad burnet 10. pot marigold 15. caraway 35. clove20. classic myrtle 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. Madonna 23.Lactuca sativa.Viola tricolor. chamomile 4. Dianthus caryophyllus. 22. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. 25.Bellis perennis. blue hyssop 2. Chamaemelum nobile. lemon balm 31.Melissa officinalis. parsley 29.Mentha spicata. monkshood27.

but Always Love." Concrete blocks. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . most of the blooms are nightscented. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. However. white. spurred. silver mound. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white blooms and woolly. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. its tufted. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. along with a measure of fragrance. Selected for this reason. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. plumed. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. a moondial rather than a sundial is used.

Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet 31.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Dictamnus albus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.19. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. 17. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. silver mound artemisia 3. lamb's. 'Albus'.Galium odoratum. horehound 2.Marrubiam vulgare. Stachys byzantina.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. pink 15.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Lilium candidum. white .Galanthus nivalis.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. white 32. Dianthus 'White Lace'. petunia 30. Thymus 'Argenteus'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. 1. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. silver 16.

orris 8.Hesperis matronalis. Adam's. dame's honesty rocket 14.Salvia sclarea. lily-ofthe-valley 11. moonflower 39. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. western mugwort 7.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .6. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Artemisia ludoviciana. white stock absinthe 10.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Artemisia stellerana. white 22. needle florentina. Artemisia lactiflora.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. tulip 38. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Ipomoea alba. clary 24. rose 41. tuberose 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Convallaria majalis. lavender 12.Matthiola incana. 26. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. daffodil 35. Viola odorata.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. rose 40.21.Lunaria annua. albula. tulip 37. 23. white 27.Iris × germanica var.Polianthes tuberosa.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. sweet violet 20. Yucca filamentosa.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. Artemisia absinthium. 25. 28.

This herb garden. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. Many of these herbs lack the hues. related to an old mill reconstruction. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. < previous page page_76 next page > . Rather.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. textures. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. required their use as an educational adjunct. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

Sansevieria trifasciata. 39. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. broad 42. 20.Filipendula ulmaria.Galium odoratum.Rudbeckia hirta. Gossypium hirsutum. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Boehmeria nivea. 35.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Prunus persica. Scotch broom hemp 7. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. barberry teasel woodruff 12. queen.Rumex acetosa. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. sumac poke 17.Genista germanica. henequen marigold bearberry 8. weld 57.Viburnum acerifolium.Rubia tinctorum. 53. 29.Cytisus scoparius.Indigofera tinctoria.Crocus sativus. Hibiscus cannabinus.Monarda didyma.Genista tinctoria. fuller's 30. sisal 27.Allium cepa.Hypericum perforatum.46. Abutilon theophrasti. Agave sisalana.Chelidonium majus.38.Rumex obtusifolius.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Tagetes patula. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. dyer's 31. St. 48. flax 21. 1. garden 56.Solidago species. African 45.Rhus typhina. privet marigold 15. 26. golden 40.Isatis tinctoria. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Parmelia conspersa. French 33. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. Linum usitatissimum.Cotinus coggygria.Anthemis tinctoria. stinging nettle44. 47. 37.Morus rubra or alba. lily.Carthamus tinctorius. Manila 25. 34. 22.Polygonum hydropiperoides. madder 54. goldthread 41. dyer's broom safflower 6. yellow 55. alkanet 52. blueberry 13.Sanguinaria canadensis. 43.Anchusa officinalis.Berberis vulgaris. 32.51. peach bracken sorrel 19.Phytolacca americana. sweet 49. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. 28. Musa textilis.Agrimonia eupatoria. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Ligustrum vulgare.Convallaria majalis.Cladrastis lutea.Mahonia aquifolium.Tagetes erecta..Pteridium aquilinum.Furcraea hexapetala.Galium verum. onion China jute 4. woad Susan laevifolium.Reseda luteola. Agave fourcroydes. bee 36.Dipsacus sativus. ramie 24. black-eyed 50.Hydrastis canadensis.Coreopsis tinctoria.Urtica dioica.Coptis trifolia. 23.

by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. A totally appealing edging. as well as the roses. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Elsewhere. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. < previous page page_78 next page > .

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'Belle Amour' 6. cl. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Mme. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Mignonette' 5. cl. 23. 24. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. Alfred de Rougemont'. cl. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 22. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. cl. 18. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. cl. rambler 20. Legras de St. 'White Rose of York' 3. 25. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'American Pillar'. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 1. the second shows the number of plants to be used. rambler 19. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Sombreuil'.

Circles and angles provide interest. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. < previous page page_80 next page > . abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. The notch of four square feet. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

29.L.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.C. 28.B. celery I 31.B.B.A. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.A. 22. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. chive 42. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.A. C. 25. ruby swiss chard var. annuum 'Fips'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens var. cherry tomato 34. graveolens var. C. celery Bed 9. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. lycopersicum var.A. garlic chive 44.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. 39. C. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.C. giant garlic var.A. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. 26. 40. white-flowered kale 49. Capsicum annuum var. C. graveolens 'French Dinant'. cepa Proliferum Group.annuum 'Floral Gem'. melongena 1. 45. annuum 'Black Prince'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.C. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. annuum 'Mosaic'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. scorodoprasum.S. oleracea 'Prima'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.C. 24. celery Group. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. tuberosum.B.A. shallot Lakes'. leek 5. 30. C. melongena 2. pear Purple Vienna'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.sativa 'Ruby'. 32. annuum 'Golden Bell'.esculentum 'Long Black'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. red-flowered kale 6. graveolens var. 27. Beauty'.B.L. eggplant 43. annuum 'Pinocchio'. dulce 47.C.B.B.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. kohlrabi Rock'. crispum 'Banquet'.B.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. annuum 'Teno'.B. Boerner.C. red 37.B. curly eggplant parsley 23. dulce 50. annuum 'Variegata'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.A.Solanum melongena var.Apium graveolens var. Petroselinum crispum var. annuum 'Red Boy'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. red 38. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. annuum 'Nosegay'.Cichorium intybus. C. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. dulce 'Utah 5270'. sprouts celery 8. C. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. schoenoprasum. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. oleracea 'Red Acre'.A.S. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.A. oleracea 'Green Parade'. 48.

for each is a complete entity. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. arcs. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and golden thyme. All of the circles. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. winter savory. When viewed from the terrace above.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 29. inkberry geranium 9.A.P. scabrum.P. Livingston'. × nervosum 'Torento'. 17. winter 13. Santolina virens. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. radens 'Dr. golden 11. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 19. 1. green 14. The number in each planting area is the key number. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. lemon geranium 22.S. × domesticum 6. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. rose geranium 27. graveolens. gooseberry geranium 24. tomentosum.P.Ilex glabra.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P. P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P. orange geranium 8.Myrica pensylvanica. crispum. odoratissimum. P. A.P.P. apricot geranium28. apple gray santolina geranium 3. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .Melissa R. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. Landscape Architect..L.P.P.P.P.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.× nervosum. oak-leaved geranium 16.P.P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. Marshall. pungent-scented geranium 25. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. peppermint 26.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. acerifolium.P. Teucrium chamaedrys. 12. maple-leaved 18. Satureja montana. grossularioides. lime geranium Rose'. 15.' lemon geranium 23. crispum 'French Lace. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. rose-scented geranium 4.P. P. germander crowfoot geranium 21. Assoc.P.

which is framed with a brick edging. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. was planted using edging box only. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. especially when it is blooming. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. filled with plants that have contrasting color. English lavender 2." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. blue hyssop 3. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. To ease the care for a more complicated design.Santolina virens. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. Maintenance is high for a knot. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. For the knot to look its best at all times. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. . or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. on page 37. sand.Hyssopus officinalis. closed knot design. 1. and growth to the plants of the knot design. or marble chips. texture. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. Its interspaces can be mulched. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern.Lavandula angustifolia. such as a dwarf edging box.

Santolina chamaecyparissus. green santolina 2. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf edging box 4.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 3.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Santolina virens.

purple variegated 11. arcticus 'Albus'. caraway thyme 9.T. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. 1. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. white 7.officinalis 'Tricolor'. the height of the edging. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. Some maintenance is required for clipping. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. In another departure from the usual. Rosmarinus officinalis. creeping thymes.T. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. The knot material is maintained at six inches. fig 4. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. 'Munstead'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. lavender Japanese barberry 5.Thymus praecox subsp. praecox subsp. herba-barona. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Teucrium chamaedrys. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. which is found more often out in the open. which are confined to that area. variegated garden sage .S. 8. arcticus 'Coccineus'.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

lavender .< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. American germander 3.Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. gray santolina 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. setting it off admirably. germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.

2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

pleasing color. each one a quarter-circle. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. adding another facet to an appealing design.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. which are also laid on edge. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. < previous page page_88 next page > . The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. again laid on edge. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. a complement for the colors of the plant material. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Salvia argentea.Anthemis marschalliana. French lavender 3. golden marguerite 25. curry plant 7. 1.Stachys byzantina. dwarf 12. woolly yarrow 23.Leontopodium alpinum. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. tree germander 22. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Perovskia atriplicifolia. blue sage 13. fern-leaf yarrow 27. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Lavandula dentata var.Santolina neapolitana 10. silver sage 15.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Thymus 'Argenteus'. glaucum 11. Russian sage 24. lavender 9. lavender 5.Crithmum maritimum. gray santolina 2.Dianthus × caryophyllus. 17.Artemisia frigida.Marrubium incanum. lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number. candicans.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf gray santolina 20.Teucrium fruticans. samphire14. rue 21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. tree artemisia 26.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Artemisia arborescens. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Helichrysum angustifolium.Allium senescens var. 16. 18.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Salvia clevelandii.Anthemis tinctoria.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . silver thyme 6. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. silver horehound 19.

The color of the container plays a lesser role. < previous page page_90 next page > . A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. basil. Some are rosemary. oregano. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. If one is familiar with herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Styles of containers. thyme. As with other plant material. which include hanging baskets. are without number. lady's-mantle. and the savories. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. sweet marjoram. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them.

< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.

visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. However.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.L.A. A. If children's interest is not sustained.S. < previous page page_95 next page > . such an outlay would be unwarranted. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. LandscapeArchitect. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Of course supervision is necessary. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.

It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. < previous page page_96 next page > . woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Children in this age group can help with the construction. too." selected for their greater fragrance.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. they are easily handpicked. Just keep a garden design for children simple. These are ''old roses. Instead of benches on the patio.

L.A. A. .< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Landscape Architect.S.

Borago officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium moly.Allium sativum var.Salvia officinalis.Allium senescens var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Italian parsley 23. garlic chive 29. damask rose 32.Calendula officinalis. 16. cottage pink 18.Satureja hortensis.Nepeta cataria. ophioscorodon. dwarf 6. alpine strawberry 3. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. borage 15. lovage 12. Levisticum officinale.rocambole 28. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. English lavender 4. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Artemisia camphorata. love-in-a-mist 14.Chenopodium botrys. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. 20. lily leek 30.Isatis tinctoria. pot marigold 8. 13. summer savory 22.Rosa damascena. horehound 26.Origanum majorana.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum.Anethum graveolens. clary 25. Petroselinum crispum var. crispum. Dianthus plumarius.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosa gallica. 19.Allium tuberosum. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. ambrosia 2.Hedeoma pulegioides.Petroselinum crispum var. 1.Tropaeolum minus. dill pennyroyal 11. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. American 21. dyer's bush basil woad 9. southernwood 5. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . Nigella damascena. neapolitanum.Salvia sclarea. glaucum 31. English lavender 7. catnip 27. garden sage 24.

Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. are a seal and a turtle. The oval. not noted on the plan. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. All are inviting to the touch. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. < previous page page_98 next page > . previously used as a skating rink. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The sculptures. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures.

A. Landscape Architect.A. F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R. .

chive dandelion Allium sativum. bee balm Satureja montana. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. chamomile Mentha. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. mint Galium odoratum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum.Hedeoma pulegioides. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. cowslip Linaria. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. dog violet Lemna. Allium schoenoprasum. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. winter savory Mentha. fat-hen Primula veris. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. tansy Monarda didyma. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. bee orchid Erigeron. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. Greek Stachys byzantina. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Nepeta cataria. fleabane Stellaria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. coltsfoot Mimulus. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. mint Tagetes. Trifolium pratense. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. lousewort Viola canina. English Tussilago farfara. duckweed Antennaria. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. borage Tanacetum vulgare. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla.

developed particularly for study. A number of wooden window frames. Still. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. and old barn beams another about the same height. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Its plant list. feverfew. it is a most satisfying growing situation. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. a mint. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Here. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Instead. Their height eases the task of weeding. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. for an old barn foundation of stone. are superb for displaying potted herbs. < previous page page_101 next page > . makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. its wooden structure long gone. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. an exceedingly long one.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

camphor. garden sage 84. creeping veronica . 48. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. golden variegated garden sage 86.Tanacetum vulgare var. wormwood germander 9. winter savory 88. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Lavandula angustifolia.Viola odorata. basilicum 'Minimum'. majorana.M. golden lemon thyme 99.Levisticum officinale.Sium sisarum. 60.Agastache foeniculum. absinthe 51. 1.A. celandine madder 79.Agastache cana. thyme 102. officinalis 'Purpurea'. crispum. 50. rose sativa. southernwood ground cherry 10. 45. 'Clear Gold'. sweet cicely 94. arcticus 'Coccineus'. richardii subsp.T 'Argenteus'. lesser 67.Euphorbia cyparissias.Althaea officinalis.Asarum canadense. pot marigold 25. balm horehound 14.T.Aloysia triphylla. nitidus.Satureja montana. 'Purpurascens'.T.P. 66. pink 58. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Artemisia dracunculus var. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Nepeta mussinii.Calendula officinalis. apple wormwood geranium 8. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.T.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 41. abrotanum.Viola tricolor.Genista tinctoria. camphorata. praecox subsp. graveolens. marsh mallow 13.Lychnis coronaria.A. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. lemon 52. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Echium vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. officinalis 'Tricolor'.S. 42.Ranunculus ficaria.Ocimum basilicum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Achillea millefolium. golden thyme 98. 62.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Monarda didyma.Campanula rapunculus. variegated garden sage 87. herba-barona. purple variegated garden sage 85.Valeriana officinalis.A. mosquito plant 19.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubium vulgare. praecox subsp.T.Galium odoratum. 43. rose costmary campion 23.A. bee balm lovage 20. 44.Physalis heterophylla.Acinos alpinus. angelica lemon geranium 5. onites. officinalis 'Aurea'.Calamintha grandiflora.Teucrium chamaedrys. French tarragon geranium 7.Sempervivum tectorum.Ruta graveolens. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Digitalis lanata. bee balm57. alpine savory 89.O. didyma 'Rosea'.S.-John'swort 91.A.Rubia tinctorum. 54.Digitalis purpurea. skirret 90.O.T. rampion 81. odoratissimum.Pelargonium crispum. yarrow herb Robert 4.P. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. crimson creeping thyme 96. southernwood houseleek 12.A. Roman 46.Chelidonium majus.Pulmonaria officinalis. beach 47.Melissa officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 95.Stachys officinalis. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Stachys grandifora 93.49. rue 83. plantain 80. basil blue hyssop 15. calamint valerian 24. caraway thyme 103. Grecian 59.S.Chrysanthemum balsamita. woolly thyme 101. rosemary 82. stellerana.Geranium robertianum. odorous thyme 104.T. arcticus 'Albus'.O. tomentosum.Myrrhis odorata. basilicum 56.Angelica archangelica. pontica.Thymus praecox subsp.P. lemon verbena 106. St.Plantago major. betony 92.T. 55.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet 53. 64.Veronica serpyllifolia. purple basil English lavender 18. catmint 63. wild lemon basil ginger 16. pallasianus.Salvia officinalis. white creeping thyme 97.O. × citriodorus.T. 61. pot marjoram bugloss 27. lemon thyme 100. absinthium.Campanula persicifolia. sweet violet 40.Hypericum perforatum. foxglove 2. viper's 65. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. silver thyme 105. golden marjoram 26.O.

apple mint 69. 76. chicory 70.Sorbaria sorbifolia. wild 116. ostrowskianum 34. Madonna lily leucanthemum. moth 113. × gentilis. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Anthriscus cerefolium. chamomile 30. orange mint 32.Prunus pensylvanica. 71. Proliferum Group.A.Lilium candidum.Allium sativum.cepa. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Cichorium intybus.Atriplex hortensis. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.M.M.Origanum dictamnus. 73.Dianthus plumarius 75.Oenothera biennis.Mentha suaveolens.29.V.Laurus nobilis.Chrysanthemum parthenium. spicata. pineapple mint 31. citrata.Chamaemelum nobile. pin cherry 39. chervil 68. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. orach115. red mint comfrey 33.Lysimachia vulgaris. veronica 108.M. garlic 111.Veronica officinalis. feverfew cinerariifolium.Chrysanthemum 74. oxeye daisy mullein 36.A.Origanum vulgare. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Symphytum officinale. tree onion 112.Yucca filamentosa. 114. evening 77.Verbascum thapsus.M.Chrysanthemum 78.Helichrysum angustifolium. spearmint 107.Myrtus communis.Isatis tinctoria.Primula veris. curry plant mullein 35. blattaria. dyer's woad 110. × piperita var. yucca 109. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. cowslip 72.

Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. A wheelshaped bed. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. A statue of St. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Francis. its outline constructed of brick. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. < previous page page_104 next page > .< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. of good proportion for the size of the opening. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. but not obvious. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. not just hiding it. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. Eriobotrya japonica. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. poet's Solidago californica. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. lion's-ear prismaticum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. potato Brassica eruca. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA VI japonica. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. menthifolia. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. labdanum Cistus crispus. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. white Justicia carnea. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. loquat Cichorium intybus. only those not found on other lists are noted here. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Vetiveria zizanioides. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. cat Watsonia rosea. Cestrum nocturnum. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. Sidney Ephedra viridis. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Eleocharis dulcis. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var.

emphasizes the circle. but also for proper leaf size. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. The exterior brick path. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. an "old rose" and fragrant. < previous page page_106 next page > . and a third a culinary garden. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. not only for hardiness where needed. to name a few. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. or potpourri. scented-leaf geraniums. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. One is a garden of legends. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. another a Mary garden. is a center of interest.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

costmary 6.Origanum majorana. angelica 2. garden up sage 10. 27. spearmint 22.Narcissus mustard 14. absinthe 4. Chamaemelum nobile. rue 28. flax 17. chive bedstraw 16.Lamium album.Hedera helix.Brassica nigra. pyrethrum 5. yellow 25. Linum usitatissimum. Johnny-jump.19.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Artemisia absinthium.Galium verum. hyssop rose 9.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis. black 23. Angelica archangelica. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. saffron crocus marigold 7. Chrysanthemum balsamita. chamomile 3. dill 11. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. Viola tricolor.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Crocus sativus. white dead 24.20. lady's.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Ruta graveolens.Calendula officinalis. Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. English thyme 13.Mentha spicata. English ivy rosemary 8. sweet 21. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. blue 18. pot 26.Alchemilla vulgaris. 1. Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12.

The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. < previous page page_108 next page > . Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.

peppermint Laurus nobilis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. perennial flax Galium odoratum. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. sweet Myrtus communis. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. Artemisia absinthium. spearmint Mentha × piperita. blue Lamium maculatum. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. fastigiata. beach Monarda didyma. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Myrrhis odorata. clove Marrubium vulgare.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Cotinus coggygria. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. rue Malva alcea var. lemon balm Mentha spicata. Russian 'Prostratus'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica.

An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. simply on a smaller scale. and huge. < previous page page_110 next page > . features a closed knot of superior design. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. millstones. This is a general rule observed. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. The generous use of edgings. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. too.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. Viewed from the terrace garden. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. Appropriately used as accents. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year.

gray santolina 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Tiny Rubies'. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. six feet in diameter. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. of greater size than is commonly found. cheddar pink 4. dwarf box . that of good proportion.A.S. The number in each planting area is the key number. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. blue hyssop 3. A.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.Hyssopus officinalis. lavender 5. Design plan of herb garden 1. green santolina 6.L. Landscape Architect. has its size dictated by a rule of design. germander 2.Santolina virens.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Routine clipping is required. angustifolia 'Munstead'. and the mulch. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Teucrium chamaedrys. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.

witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. box Myrica pensylvanica. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. beach plum Corylus avellana.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. goat willow Sassafras albidum. black haw Prunus americana. dogwood Pinus nigra. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. plum Prunus maritima. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. shadbush Salix caprea. box Calycanthus fioridus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. quince Magnolia virginiana. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. japonica. honey locust Cornus florida. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus.

and a miscellany of others. As a rule. praecox subsp. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. caraway thyme T. 'Doone Valley' . Rosmarinus. 'Argenteus'. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Lavandula. praecox subsp. Salvia. Currently. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. silver thyme T. herba-barona. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. arcticus 'Rosea' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. doerfleri T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. arcticus T. 'Annie Hall' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. leucotrichus T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. However. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. its plant material varied. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment.

French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. officinalis 'Prostratus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Mexican bush sage S. guaranitica. crimson creeping thyme T. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia subsp. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. involucrata. sweet lavender L. praecox subsp. ramie . anise sage S. angustifolia subsp. 'Clear Gold'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. dentata. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. heterophylla. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. arcticus 'Coccineus'. golden rosemary R. greggii. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. golden thyme T. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. pine-scented rosemary R.T. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. autumn sage S. English lavender L. woolly thyme T. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. golden variegated sage S. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. leucantha. angustissimus. blue sage S. tree germander Boehmaria nivea.

edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

which were located between the water supply.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Physostegia virginiana. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Equisetum arvense. a well beside the house. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. to lure bees. obedient plant. Prunella vulgaris. L. Smith. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. constructed of brick made on the property. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. balmony. culinary. for scrubbing pots. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. The apple trees. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. to sweeten the air. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Herniaria glabra. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. family needsmedicinal. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. horsetail. Primarily. Hesperis matronalis. used in salads or boiled. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. rupturewort. Cheloneglabra. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Circumstances determined these priorities. Sium sisarum. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . The house.

were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Today. too. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. while functional. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. < previous page page_116 next page > . for a few are in use now. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. too. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

loblolly pine American elderberry 8. garlic 9. rosemary 2. southern laciniata.Ficus carica. Cape jasmine 10.Laurus nobilis. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. wisteria 13.Syringa × persica var.Rosa banksiae. Gardenia jasminoides. yellow 12.Allium sativum.Lonicera flava. Banksia rose 14.Lagerstroemia indica. 15.Lonicera sempervirens.Rosmarinus officinalis. pomegranate 3. bay 7. fig 6.Malus angustifolia.Prunus angustifolia.Sambucus canadensis. 16.Wisteria frutescens.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Punica granatum.Pinus taeda. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . trumpet 11.

< previous page page_118 next page > . Appropriately. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Italy. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The effect would be quite different without them. too. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

70.Acorus calamus. myrtle 53. box chamomile 9. horsemint lobelia 23. 1.Pinckneya pubens.Dipsacus sativus.Lonicera sempervirens. sweet flag marigold 24.Lindera benzoin. 55. pot 48.Hamamelis virginiana. 60. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. wild ginger69.Ilex opaca.Populus balsamifera.Calycanthus fioridus.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia dracunculus var. 50. 30. garden sage 59. catnip 34. basil chive 3.Foeniculum vulgare. dill 39. St. butterfly 32.Monarda punctata. agrimony 58. peppermint 52. fuller's teasel 67.Rubus allegheniensis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis. 66.Colchicum autumnale. fennel 40.Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare.Ruta graveolens. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. gray santolina witch hazel 11. blue 44.Paeonia officinalis.Ilex vomitoria. bee balm 28.Vinca minor.Laurus nobilis. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. borage 31. hyssop sassafras 20. senna woodruff 15. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. sweet shrub 10. mullein 49. spearmint 62. 45.Verbascum thapsus. dogwood horehound 18. balm autumn crocus 2. 61.Xanthoriza simplicissima. blue 46.Mentha × piperita.Dianthus caryophyllus.Agrimonia eupatoria.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Asclepias tuberosa.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa laevigata.Pulmonaria officinalis. great 47.Levisticum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum.Achillea millefolium.Elizabeth Lawrence. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Mentha pulegium. lemon 26. yellow-root 7.Armoracia rusticana.Cimicifuga racemosa. sativa. rue 56.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 27. 33.Punica granatum.57.Mentha spicata.Monarda didyma. 43. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Hypericum perforatum.Galium odoratum.Cornus florida.Borago officinalis. black 29.Lobelia siphilitica.Gaultheria procumbens. 54. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Cassia marilandica.Symphytum officinale. bay lavender wintergreen 21. yarrow lungwort 22. tansy 65.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Asarum virginicum. American holly 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Nepeta cataria. 42.Buxus sempervirens. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Lavandula angustifolia.Calendula officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis. 38.Digitalis purpurea.Lilium candidum. foxglove 41. sweet 64.Eupatorium perfoliatum. clove 36.Chamaemelum nobile. 37. lovage 35. peony 51. saffron crocus 25. 63. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 68.Crocus sativus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chimaphila umbellata.Sassafras albidum. white periwinkle spicebush 13.

Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. of herbs for one loaf of bread. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. This is true for the remedies. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. and fragrances they developed. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. < previous page page_120 next page > . Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. preventives. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. In any event. 1 T. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T.

Carum carvi. apothecary's rose 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 14. sweet basil 13. catnip 16.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia.Papaver somniferum.Cydonia oblonga. foxglove 12.Origanum majorana. Calendula officinalis. English 10. black haw 23. horsemint 20. lavender lovage 3. quince 24. garden sage 8.Satureja montana.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Salvia officinalis.Pyrus communis.Hyssopus officinalis. pot marigold 2. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Mentha spicata. peppermint 18.Monarda punctata.Nepeta cataria. tansy 11.Ocimum basilicum.Viburnum prunifolium. caraway 19. English thyme rosemary 7. sweet marjoram 6.Tanacetum vulgare.Marrubium vulgare.Digitalis purpurea. horehound 15. winter savory 4.Levisticum officinale. spearmint 17. absinthe 9.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. opium poppy 5. blue hyssop 21.Artemisia absinthium.Mentha × piperita.

Some could be used singly. for example the large square bed with circular path. Thus it was for this garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. Allowed such freedom of expression. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The beds are used to achieve balance. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. and if the best has not always survived. to study it. Shaded by hop vines. centrally located. < previous page page_122 next page > . often it is reconstructed. The main paths of brick unify the garden. the other 1761. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. one dated 1759. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and bricks raise the beds. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. from early Moravian settlements. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. makes it something of a focal point.

L. A.S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. . Campbell. Landscape Architect.A.

48.Matthiola incana.Mentha spicata.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Inula helenium.Allium sativum. black cumin 46. garden nasturtium 12. 68. lovage 9.Magnolia grandiflora. mugwort67. sorrel 65.Colchicum autumnale.Narcissus poeticus.Achillea millefolium. stock 50. marsh mallow 7.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Anethum graveolens.Narcissus tazetta. sweet 55. balm chive 37.Celosia cristata. blessed thistle 8.Gelsemium sempervirens. chestnut rose 43.Ruta graveolens.Chrysanthemum parthenium. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Humulus lupulus.Rosa roxburghii. rosemary49. catnip 70.Artemisia abrotanum. grape larkspur 41. 54.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue 14. 62. autumn crocus 34.Nepeta cataria.Consolida ambigua.Artemisia vulgaris. lemon 64. horehound 56. corn poppy 79.Tropaeolum minus.77.Rosa moschata.Marrubium vulgare.Atriplex hortensis.Stachys officinalis. borage 5. dwarf nasturtium 13. tansy 6. red pepper 20. clary 30.Origanum majorana. parsley 32. eglantine Group. cockscomb 47.Borago officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. madder 16. hop southernwood 39. chamomile 17.Crocus sativus.Althaea officinalis.Melissa officinalis. orach 76. blue 63. 74.Passiflora incarnata. annual clary 3. garden sage 15.Salvia officinalis. clove 53. columbine 29. virgin's bower 40.Saponaria officinalis. caraway 72.Allium schoenoprasum.Silybum marianum. poet's narcissus 61. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. comfrey 33. Carolina jessamine 38.Levisticum officinale.Rosa gallica. love.Coriandrum sativum.Salvia sclarea.Asparagus officinalis.Lagerstroemia indica.Chamaemelum nobile. yarrow 4.Clematis virginiana.Cercis canadensis. absinthe 45.Lilium candidum.Rosa damascena. 1.Rosa eglanteria.Cnicus benedictus. hollyhock 51. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . lavender rose 21. French rose 18.Alcea rosea.The number in each planting area is the key number. hyssop maypop 42.Tropaeolum majus. fennel marjoram 28. basil moss rose 44.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rheum rhabarbarum.Papaver rhoeas.Dianthus caryophyllus. blue 69. elecampane 11. betony 82. daisy crape myrtle 23.Armoracia rusticana. spearmint 57. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. damask coriander rose 19. polyanthus narcissus 60. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Rosa centifolia. rhubarb 10.Foeniculum vulgare.Nigella sativa.Carum carvi.Salvia viridis.Symphytum officinale. redbud 24. asparagus 31.Rubia tinctorum. English 78.Vitis.Petroselinum crispum.Amaranthus caudatus. 81. dill 73.Artemisia absinthium. 80. Madonna lily 59.Bellis perennis. 66.Rumex acetosa.Aquilegia vulgaris.Pulmonaria officinalis. garlic lungwort 36.Hydrangea quercifolia.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Cornusflorida. English thyme 2.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha × piperita.Ficus. holy thistle 58. 52. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. sweet 71.Tanacetum vulgare. cabbage angustifolia.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Thus. it is proper to make a trial run. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. This space was never adequate. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Although some observations may seem obvious. The next most desirable exposure. A ravine and existing. Calluna (heather). This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and the north point is established. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. First. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Usually this is least desirable. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). The lesser the scale. the western. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. even boggy. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. far from the house. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround.

all four sides are so determined. and the search did not take long. The new herb garden has been located. Then. but it need not be identical. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The general outline is similar. It was a pleasurable assignment. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. a driveway on still another. 127 indicates. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Indeed. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. another is close to the rear of the house. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. certainly not precisely the same. and the property line on the last.ground where drainage is better. as the drawing on p. The. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. < previous page page_126 next page > . if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. The outline is fixed. single bed. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room.

One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. then north. something is amiss. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. Two drawings were required to work out problems. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. In addition. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If. In fact. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. this low wall will enclose the garden area. There was no . If all is well. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. as in this case. forming the outer boundary of the service path.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. With the plan established. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

the site required some leveling.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. . Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. Before edgings could be put in place. A structural edging was in order. eight. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. In this area. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. At corners. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. not one completed in a weekend. admittedly. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. However. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In the earlier stage of planning. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. the eight-foot length was more practical. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. and the finished edging would be effective. a lapped joint was fashioned. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. this was. however. However. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. In this case.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

Unfortunately. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. leaves. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. for they will likely have more traffic. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. selected for its simplicity. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. One is the ramp to the driveway. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. but there are exits to different levels. Weeds. The latter need to be more substantially paved. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Heavy black plastic. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. This method of treatment now guarantees . Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. had been proof of that. A choice of five colors was available. sand. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Paving for the terraced area is brick.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. The pattern is running bond. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. this same base underlies all the paths. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. filling the beds with soil was next. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. could serve this purpose. Aged compost. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs.

Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. even bed for the pavers.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. worth the added cost. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. However. on a trial run of one course of brick. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area.

came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. . No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. the terraced area. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. Sometimes called "rubble drains. since that path borders the house." their construction can be somewhat varied. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. Herbs have flourished in the beds. In this instance. learned about decades earlier. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. for it would interfere with the drainage system. converging where it was logical to do so. With the completion of the paths. French drains. and the steps to other levels. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain.

< previous page page_130 next page > .

E EllipseAn oval. albula. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. for example. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. often a wall or trellis. and so on. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. hundredths of an inch. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. in tenths of an inch. is symmetrical. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. sixteenths of an inch. Its arrow points north and. not necessarily referable to botanical species. and so on. in inches. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. twelfths of an inch. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . casts the shadow for the hour. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. a garden plan. having a variety of gradations.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. for example. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance.

heated especially by fermenting manure. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. a flat. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. or colored earths. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass.brick) in the same course. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. turf. a patterned garden. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. loose. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. ForthrightA straight course or path. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds.3. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. also called rubble drain. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. rounded fragments of rock. M ManufactoryA factory. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. G GazeboA freestanding.3). roofed structure usually open on the sides. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Usually a few inches thick. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. Pea gravelSmall. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. its compartments filled with flowers. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. GrindstoneMillstone. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat.

Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.

TreillageLatticework for vines. < previous page page_132 next page > . SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. walls. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. V VarietyA category below species. W Wall. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. called also a hose cock. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Stone. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. not treelike or with a single trunk. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. often planted with aromatic herbs. or steps. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. cutting. ranking between species and variety. snug fit for walks. R Rose.

New York: E. New York: Macmillan. Foley. Greenwood. 1911. 1942. Mo. New York. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Coats. John Philip.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. 1951. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States.. and Louden. Book of the Geranium. John. The Small Garden. Staff of. 1970. New York: Macmillan. 1979. Room Outside. Peter. 1933. Gertrude B. 1963. New York: Macmillan. Foster. Kent: The Herb Farm. London: Country Life. Beston. 1962. S. Jot. Berrall. Dutton & Co. The Herb Garden. How Plants Get Their Names. 1961. London. Liberty Hyde. 1951. Seal. Bailey Hortorium. and Accessories. 1958. Gertrude B. . 1980. Terrace. 1972. Brownlow.C. P. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Henry. Foster. Helen H. T. Sevenoaks. New York: Crown Publishers. Independence. Fox. 1972. New York: Viking Press. Putnam's Sons. 1977. 1944. New York: Dover. Rosetta E. Daniel J. Park Seed Co. 1938. Green Enchantment. 14701670. London: Adam and Charles Black. London: Macmillan. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Carpenter. New York: Simon and Schuster. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Herbs and the Earth. The Cultivated Basils. Herbals. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance.. New York: Hawthorne Books. P. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. . Charlotte. Park's Success with Herbs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Robert Lee. Agnes.: Buckeye Printing Co. Edlin. Earle. Behme. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1973. Prof. British Plants. New York: Viking Press. Sylvia. Doran & Co. Garden City: Doubleday. . Margaret E. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Baumgardt. Complements. Hanging Plants for Home. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. ed. 1971. Herbsfor Every Garden. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1902. Harriet Ballard. 1982. Cross. 1980. H. Erichsen-Brown. Darrah.. Aurora. Helen Morgenthau. and Garden. 1957.. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Brookes. Bardswell. W. Batsford. Clarkson.. New York: G. London: Marshall Cavendish. Flannery. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Garden Design. 1976. Hortus Third. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Toronto. Roses. 1966. 1935. Bailey. John E. Crowe. Alice Morse. Sydney: B. Rosemary F.: Geo. Frances A. Julia S. New York: Macmillan. L. L. H. London: Saturn Press. 1966. 1971.

McFarland. J. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Rev. Wynnewood.: Herald Publishing Co. 1951. Philippa. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Simmons. Eleanour Sinclair. Johns.. New York: E. New York: Macmillan. Moldenke.. and Synge. Pa. and Back. New York: Crown Publishers. Frances.C. Modern Herbal. Dutton & Co. Brown & Co. Loyal R. Krauss. 1972. P. Patrick M.. Helen K. The Concise Handbook of Roses. New York: Van Nostrand.. London: George Routledge & Sons.. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Johnson. Sylva. Lawrence. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1952. ed. New York: Macmillan. 1975. C. Ireys. Jr. and Brunello. 1971. Books. M. Loewenfeld.Garland. Franco. A Biblical Garden. Carol. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. The Art of Dyeing. Boston. Italy. Leighton. Herbs. Kiaer. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Pozza. 1973. New York: Clarkson N.. and Chiltoskey. 1946. A. 1974. New York: Doubleday. The Berry Book..) Rohde. Boston. Geraniums for Home and Garden. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. 1938. New York: Dover. Ann.. New York: William Morrow and Co. 1970. Early American Gardens. 1981.: Livingston Pub. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Miller. Loewenfeld. New York: Viking Press. Lawrence.. Howard. Norma Jean. Elizabeth. 1979. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. and Rice. Claire. Lerner. Alice Recknagel. Paul B.. Roy. New York: William Morrow & Co. Vicenza. 1974. 1969. Hamel. Bernard Hickey. Jones. New York: Harper & Bros. P. Eigel. Mrs. 1978. Myron. N. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices.. Muenscher. 1966. New York: De La Mare. Co. Lesch. Claire.. 2d ed. Horace. Walter. 1982. 1961. Sarah. Tucson: H. Shaker Herbs. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Potter. Vegetable Dyeing. Flowers of the Field. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Amy Bess. Neri. How to Select. 1975. Landscaping with Vines. Grow and Enjoy. 1959. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. A Garden of Herbs. London: Faber and Faber. 1970. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Grieve. Dorothy Bovee. The Book of Spices. Alma. New York: Dover. Robert. (1st American edition trans. Roses of the World in Color. Toronto: Little. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. 1969. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1971. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Waltham. George H. . Hendrickson. Hay.: Chronica Botanica Co. Adelma G. and Alma L. Division Billboard Publications. Cherokee Plants. Mass. Gardens in Winter. chemist. M. 1964. 1983. Frederic. Rosengarten. New York: Macmillan. 1976. Lathrop. The Herb Garden. Mary U. 1976. 1911. 1981. Harold N. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Plants of the Bible.

Jr. 1972. Container Gardening Outdoors.A. The Fragrant Garden. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Mrs. Austin R..A.A. Moffit. Bradner. Malcolm. Jr. Bleecker. Mrs. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Cozart. Jack Emil Geist. London: Phoenix House. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Barbara Capen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hines. New York. Katherine S. Martin. Building Stone Walls.. Mrs. Taloumis. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Helen Van Pelt. Boerner. Climbing Roses Old and New.A. Campbell. Melissa R. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Indianapolis. William T. New York: St. Mrs.S. Virginia B. C..D. Mrs. Vt. Stearn. Graham Stuart. Thomas.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.. Raymond V. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Webster. Mrs. Herbs in the Garden. L. A.The Old Shrub Roses. Giroux. 1953. New York: Dover. 1942. Z. 1979. Bynam. Gannaway... John.. Maxton Davies. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. New York: Doubleday. Sandy Hicks. Herbert G. . L. New York: Farrar. Elisabeth W..A. L. Straus. Henry Gund. Mrs. Mr. Berkeley Brandt. 1982. Susan W.S. Hammond Crawford.A. Smith. L. Griffin. L. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Zohary. Weber. 1967. Linda. Martin's. F. Landscape Architecture. Rhoda Specht. Rev. L. 1975. L. New ed.A. New York: Hafner. Meyer. Peter M.S. 1966. Bates. . 1974. New York: McGraw-Hill. Charles Patch. Margaret Osborn Holt. Christopher. Revised by Dr. Associate.. Philip Batchelder. Pees.A. 1957.. 1962. Benjamin McF. 1979. Price. Mrs. Mrs.. L. L.A. Jr. Louise Beebe. 1953. Mrs. Singleton. The History of Gardens. H. James D. L. London: Phoenix House. Martin's Press. Sherry D.A. Mrs. 1976. White. 1931.L. New York: St. Graham. A.A. Vivian. Leonard Dreyfuss. Paxton. Mrs. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Charles L. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.A. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Elizabeth Lawrence. Lamm. L. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mrs.L. John Poinier. McGarry. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Bush. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Frank M. Marion E. Mrs. . Neil Hamill Park. Mrs. William C. Mrs. Mrs. William Y Dear. New York: William Morrow & Co. W. Esther. Nelva M. Morss. Wilder.. Plants of the Bible. Leonie. ed.: Garden Way. Hale & Co. Alfred L.. George T. James C. Yang. Taylor.. A. Wilson. Robert G.A. Marshall. William Radler. . and Robert B. Mrs. Ingersoll. The Fragrant Year. Michael. Vera Breed.A.L. Thacker.. Keebler. L. 1961.A. 1979. Tarantino.R. Mrs. T.A.. The Shakespeare Garden. Charlotte. Mrs. Madalene Hill. Jo Lohmolder. W T. Shrub Roses of Today..A. and Mrs. Diane C. Botanical Latin. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Winthrop G. Boston: Ralph T. William W. William T. Stearn. 1972.. Stuart.. New York. Toronto: Van Nostrand.. Norman. A. 1972... Robert K.A. New York: Simon & Schuster. Helen Noyes. Martha Dahlen. 1965. Mrs. George. John Ormsbee. Mrs. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.. Donald Paxton. Fragrance in the Garden. Mrs. Mrs. L. Baker. 1976. ed. L. Plimpton. and Bell. Amy Bess Miller.

Semple.. Atlanta. Swanson.. Atlanta Historical Society. Ark. Jean Ruh. Inc. Architect. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Christopher Rady. Little Rock. Faith H. Ohio. Matthew Miksch House. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Wilcox. civic. Mich. Eric Duke Scott. Mass.. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mrs. Frederick E. L. John A. and Mrs. Weeks Brick House. N. Wisc. Mrs. Gayle. James S. L. Michigan State University. Mrs. Mrs.. Edmund G. Nathan Sameth. Old Slater Mill Museum. Harper. Lansing. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Elbert Smith. Plain Dealer Photo. Inc. Lawrence Schetky. Milton C. Skinner. Joan E. Hancock.Rady. Western Reserve Herb Society. Roberts. Isadore L.. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Bailey. Pawtucket.. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. R. Greenland. Walter Rebmann. Talbot III. Shaker Community. Ann Arbor. Hancock Shaker Village. Christopher Spencer. Booker Worthen. Smith (Ann Leighton).. N.A. Whitman. Rose. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mrs. Joe H. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. The Country Doctor Museum. Hales Corners. L.I. Ohio. Mansfield. Cleveland. Eloise andJo Ray..C... James F.C.H. Linda Yang. L. Timothy Procter Ruh. N. Mrs.. Ga. Linda Yang. Mr. Kingwood Center. Helen M. Mich. Mrs..A.. Mrs. University of Michigan. Old Salem.A. Derthick.. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Milton Stricker. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. L.. Winston-Salem. G.A. The following provided historical. Matthaei Botanical Gardens.

Y smalliana Agrimonia.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Myrrhis odorata. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. maritima L. A. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Narcissus triandrus. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. officinalis. A. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. azoricum. A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. E. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. C. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum.

V. ludoviciana var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Lamium album Viburnum. F. laevis Rhododendron . tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. lycopersicum. podagraria Asparagus A. false Galium aristatum. V. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. S. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. P. officinalis Populus. melongena var. Solanum aculeatissimum S. grandiflorus Melissa M. P. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. albula A. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. G. acerifolium. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. M. officinalis. Monarda didyma Crataegus.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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coronaria . oleracea. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. P. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. vulgaris A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. M. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. angustifolia. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. B. chrysantha Symphytum S. alpina 'Alba' A. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. deltoides Campsis radicans. Mertensia virginica.

wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. alpinum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. macrocarpon. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. ioensis Vaccinium. maculatum G. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. V. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. M. alpinum R. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Italian D Daffodil M. B. verna. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . sativum R. M. C. angustifolia. B. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. N. coronaria. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. V. pseudonarcissus miniature N.

Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. obtusifolius R. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. D. A. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Hosta H. R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. obtusifolius Rumex R. Sansevieria. A. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. lilioasphodelus. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. crispus. acetosa. rivieri. triphyllum . coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. lilioasphodelus H. frutescens C. Ferocactus latispinus. x superbum Hemerocallis. H. T officinale Bellis.

azoricum Nigella. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. gymnocarpa. pungens Sambucus S. Gnaphalium. Centaurea cineraria. ragusina. S. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. C. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. damascena. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Lychnis coronaria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. C. Senecio cineraria.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. N. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Helichrysum. N. Antennaria. N. arvensis.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

× germanica I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. P. Osmunda. I. carica Corylus C. regalis Adiantum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. O. I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. versicolor. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. perenne . pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. usitatissimum L. carica F. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. L. A.

P. Pelargonium. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × limoneum P. Fumaria C. I. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. sphaerocephalum A. × germanica Myosotis M. grossularioides P radens P. purpurea D. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . tuberosum A. lanata D. quercifolium P. odoratissimum P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. lutea Allium sativum A. × hortorum P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. sativum var. sylvatica Digitalis D. scorodoprasum A. neapolitanum A.

denticulatum P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. A. crispum P. A. pratensis .fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. chamaedrys T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. × jatrophifolium P. canadense. Tragopogon. abrotanifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P. officinale Z. canadense T. quercifolium P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. × nervosum P. tomentosum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. graveolens P. × citrosum P. T. Z. P. T. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. tomentosum P. glutinosum. capitatum P.

C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. nervosa V. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. C. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Vitis monticola. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. Oxalis deppei. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. M. V. torquata E.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

triacanthos G. Ophiopogon L. Sempervivum Lobelia L. majalis Liriope. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Pulmonaria . Sternbergia lutea Convallaria.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. L. W. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. C. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. G. Lythrum. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia.

M. tenuifolia T.blue M Mace. A. patula Calendula officinalis T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. lucida . C. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. erecta T. erecta T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. alcea var. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. Malva. grandiflora M. M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. erecta T.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

citrata. R. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. citrata M. majorana O. onites O. major. requienii M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. × piperita var. crispii M. suaveolens M. odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata M. vulgare O. citrata M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. dictamnus O. S. piperita var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. suaveolens 'Variegata' . vulgare O. majorana O. Astrantia. O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. vulgare 'Aureum' O. A. × piperita var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. aquatica var. Spiraea alba.

blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. V. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. A. V. thapsus V. M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . rubra M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Umbellularia californica. alba Verbascum. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Azolla caroliniana. Myrtus. communis. vulgaris A. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. × gentilis M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. lactiflora Morus M. olympicum. Myrrhis odorata.

majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. P. majus T. V. nudum. minus T. album L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . tazetta Tropaeolum T. poeticus N.

cepa A. cepa. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. S. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Scilla verna. A. C. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > .Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. hortensis A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Proliferum Group A. fragrans Allium. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. telephium Iris × germanica var. fistulosum A. Castilleja californica. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. O. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. florentina. vulgare var. I. fragrans O. cepa. fistulosum Atriplex.

water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . A. P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. crispum P. patens. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. crispum var. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulsatilla Passiflora P.

Conoides Group Capsicum. Grossum Group C. Marsilea Perilla. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. C. annuum. annuum. annuum. annuum. album Ranunculus ficaria . Longum Group sweet Capsicum. A. annuum. annuum. C. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Piper C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. Longum Group C. annuum. C. paniculata P. frutescens C. Chenopodium. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. Longum Group Capsicum. retroflexus. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. P frutescens Catharanthus. annuum. roseus C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum.

Silene laciniata. americana . Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. angustifolia var. umbellata var. plumarius. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. alpinus D. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. nigra P strobus P taeda P. caryophyllus D. plumarius D. P salicina P angustifolia. × paradisiaca. taeda P. watsonii P maritima P. taeda Chimaphila. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis Dianthus D.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. C. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. umbellata var. M. gratianopolitanus D. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Prunus japonica. P. Plantago P. C.

rhoeas P. balsamifera P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. P. vulgare Lithospermum. L. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. carnea Phytolacca americana P. E. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. biennis P. 0. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. Liriodendron tulipifera P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. S.

rhabarbarum R.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. pepo Portulaca. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. P. R. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. coccineum C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. Hesperis . oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. A. pepo C. canadensis C. Diplotaxis. sativum var.

canina R. laevigata R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. gallica 'Officinalis' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. damascena R. centifolia R. Rosa chinensis R. × borboniana R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana Kerria. canina. chinensis 'Minima' R. banksiae R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. × borboniana R. × harisonii R. spinosissima R. gallica R. sativa Rosa R. moschata . damascena 'Bifera' R. Rubus coronarius R.

setigera R. azurea subsp. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. officinalis S.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. S. caerula. sclarea S. R. officinalis Limonium R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. Salvia hierosolymitana . Rosmarinus. guaranitica S. angustissimus R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. rugosa R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. × rehderana R. pitcheri S. clevelandii S. microphylla S. greggii S.

leucantha S. chamaecyparissus S. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum E. montana Scabiosa S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. hebecarpa. Salicornia. S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. A. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. viridis S. neapolitana S. T. C. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. virens. P. guaranitica S. elegans S. S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. marilandica Amelanchier . S. leucophylla S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

C. nivalis Lamium album. coggygria. G. P. C. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria C. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. biflorum .< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. americana. V. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. P. coggygria Cotinus. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago.

Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. japonica Sorbaria. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. Ornithogalum arabicum. scutatus R. O. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. patulum. crassipes O. officinalis thyme-leaved V. S. L. E. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. V. acetosa. H. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. R. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. H. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. pyrenaicum.

vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vulgare var. vesca F. C. O. perennis. chiloensis F. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. O. M. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. T vulgare T. incana M. vulgare var. incana M. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. dracunculus var. floridus Philadelphus . Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. crispum T. vesca F.

praecox subsp. marianum S. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. Silybum marianum S. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. E. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. 'Argenteus' T. pallasianus T. benedictus. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. × citriodorus T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. laevigata Eupatorium. C. sylvestris D. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. 'Clear Gold' T. arcticus T. praecox T. phaenopyrum C. marianum S. A. 'Broad-leaf English' T. maritima Thymus.

C. lycopersicum L. Physalis peruviana L. lycopersicum var. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. sanctum Tulipa T. alata Lycopersicon. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. P. peruviana P. radicans Bignonia capreolata. praecox subsp. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. Coreopsis Linaria. sanctum O. lycopersicum var. pruinosa. P. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. I. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . noli-tangere. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. cerasiforme. L.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T.

odorata V. C. Chimaphila. V. P. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Alba' V. caeruleum Clematis. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. canina. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. caprea . cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. odorata V. officinalis Polemonium. V riviniana Viola odorata V. C. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A.

Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Gaultheria procumbens. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. camphorata A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. frigida A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. W. pontica. ambrosioides Artemisia. Vanilla barbellata A. V. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. I. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. caprea. Corydalis sempervirens A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. verticillata Chimaphila. S. absinthium A. annua A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. nudum Isatis I. Stachys . gmelinii A.

vomitoria I. I. C. millefolium A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. tomentosa Ilex cassine. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A. × media 'Hicksii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. ageratum A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . lutea. X. simplicissima Cladrastis.

h. blue giant hyssop. thousand-seal. nose-bleed. five-finger f. Indian mallow China jute. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . alpinus Aconitum A. yarrow sneezeweed. fragrant g. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. napellus Acorus A. Indian mallow. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. millefolium A. fennel g.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. longifolia Achillea A. monkshood helmut flower. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. foeniculum Agave A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. h. ageratum A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. maidenhair fern.. butter-print. sanguinary. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. lion's tail anise hyssop. theophrasti Acacia A. calamus Adiantum A. calamus maidenhair fern. breviflora A. maidenhair American maidenhair. fourcroydes sweet flag. monkshood flowering maple. taygetea A.. pedatum Agastache A.. parlor m. cana A.

schnittlauch giant garlic .. rosea Alchemilla A. garlic rocambole. schoenoprasum A. scorodoprasum A. reptans Alcea A. Pulchellum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. hemp plant agrimony. serpent garlic chive. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. sisal hemp.A. githago Ajuga A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. ciboule. moly A... harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. vulgaris Allium A. karataviense A.. ostrowskianum A. Spanish o. christophii A. senescens var. fistulosum A. purple c. flavum A. tree o. neapolitanum A. Japanese bunching o. alpina A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. Rosenbachianum A. giganteum A. cocklebur. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. two-bladed o. flowering o. cive. sativum var. sisalana Agrimonia A. ophioscorodon A. sativum A.

lily-of-the-field serviceberry. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. cerefolium chervil angelica. blanda A.. shad. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. archangel. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. pulsatilla Anethum A. tuberosum Aloe A. canadensis Amsonia A. sphaerocephalum A. garlic c. officinalis Amaranthus A.glaucum A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinalis Anemone A. shadbush. juneberry. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. Curasao a. white m. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. caudatus Amelanchier A. triphylla Althaea A. Barbados a. bugloss windflower. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. medicinal a. japonica A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. bugloss alkanet. Oriental garlic .. barbadensis Aloysia A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. marschalliana A.. hupehensis var. officinarum Anchusa A.

graveolens var.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha A. graveolens A. European crowfoot bearberry.

triphyllum subsp.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. mountain box. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. gmelinii A. frigida A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . europaeum A. dracunculus var. stewardsonii Armeria A. sea pink thrift. virginicum bearberry. annua A. albula A. sandberry. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. arborescens A. bear's grape. lactiflora A. creashak green-dragon. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. camphorata A. Ludoviciana var. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. asarabacca wild ginger. sativa A. dracontium A. pink or white horseradish. hog cranberry. rusticana Artemisia A. old man southernwood absinthe. mugwort. kinnikinick. canadense A. maritima Armoracia A. pontica A. red cole sagebrush. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. wormwood southernwood. triphyllum A. mealberry.

orach sea orach. upland cress winter cress. tinctoria Barbarea B. major Atriplex A. i. vulgaris Bellis B. pleurisy root. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. halimus A. tuberosa Asparagus A. China grass borage borage. c.Asclepias A. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush.. butterfly flower butterfly weed. yellow r. mustard . c. wild blue i. ruby s. c. officinalis Astrantia A. garden o. wild indigo. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. hortensis B Baptista B.. rattleweed winter cress. papyrifera Boehmeria B. perennis Berberis B. vulgaris. Chinese silk plant. cool-tankard cole. saltbush orach. nivea Borago B. jaundice berry. talewort. tuberroot. wild indigo blue false indigo. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. rocket. piprage beet swiss chard. plains f. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. silkweed. s. s. B. ruby s. mountain spinach false indigo. c. vulgaris Beta milkweed. australis B.

cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. sempervirens B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . pineapple s. koreana B. officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla var. microphylla 'Nana' B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. eruca B. white-flowered k. floridus Campanula C.B. strawberry s.. grandiflora Calendula C. carpatica C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.

p.. trumpet vine. red p. o. green p. s. s. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. p. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. green p. pimento sweet pepper s. o. s. o. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. cow-itch.. p.. p. o.C. p. trumpet flower. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. sweet pepper. bell p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . chili p. rapunculus Campsis C. o. o.. p. p. p. persicifolia C. C. o. p.

. frutescens Carthamus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory.. deodara Celosia C. chili p. Russian c... garden c. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.. canariensis Cedrus C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. marilandica Catharanthus C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. tinctorius Carum C. red p. ovata Cassia C. snakehead . old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. majus Chelone cayenne p.. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. false saffron.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. nobile Chelidonium C. shellbark h. bastard s. capsicum p. carvi Carya C. Madagascar periwinkle. Tabasco-sauce p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. cristata Cercis C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. Tabasco p. senna. celandine celandine turtlehead. illinoinensis C.

intybus Cimicifuga C. wintergreen. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. alecost pyrethrum. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. feather geranium. botrys Chimaphila C. Robert Brydon' C. Chinese dwarf 1. fat hen ambrosia. × jouiniana 'Mrs. wormseed. lutea Clematis C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C.. pigweed Mexican tea. glabra Chenopodium C. wax flower. × superbum Cichorium C. pyrethum.. virgin's bower. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. coccineum C. leather flower. devil's-darning- . leather flower.. parthenium C. crispus C. Meyer 1. Spanish t. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.. Dalmatia p. balsamita C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C.C. old-man's-beard costmary. cinerariifolium C. racemosa Cistus C. dwarf 1. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. umbellata Chionanthus C. ladanifer Citrus C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. mint geranium. barbe-de-capuchin. rattletop black cohosh. red-leaved chicory bugbane. leucanthemum C. frutescens C. ambrosioides C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. American w. virgilia virgin's bower. bonus-henricus C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy.

quick-set. peregrina Consolida C. laevigata C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . thorn. thorn apple. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. ambigua C.. apiculatus Crataegus C. sativum Cornus C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. Chinese parsley dogwood. orientalis Convallaria C. red haw hawthorn English h. arkansana C. avellana Cotinus C. smokebush smoke tree. majalis Convolvulus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. benedictus Coix C. smokebush. tinctoria Coriandrum C. autumnale Comptonia C.needle Cnicus C. cneorum Coptis C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. Venetian sumac. smoke plant. trifolia Coreopsis C. florida Corylus C.

kotschyanus C. scoparius C. citratus Cytisus C.C. speciosus 'Albus' C. angustifolius C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. sempervirens Cydonia C. × allwoodii D. maritimum Crocus C. gracilis Dianthus D. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. tomasinianus Cupressus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. speciosus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > .. sativus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sieberi C. West Indian 1. oblonga Cymbopogon C.

carnation. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. burning bush. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. gas plant. × imbricata Echium clove pink. sativus D. lanata D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. grandiflora D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. spectabilis Dictamnus D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. sylvestris Doronicum D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D.

Japanese medlar. plum eryngo sea holly. hyemale Eranthis E. epimedium barrenwort. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E.. japonica Eryngium E. b. sea eryngo California poppy C. californica Eucalyptus E. jacinth. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. vulgare Elaeagnus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. arvense E. viridis Epimedium E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. blueweed. pungens Eleocharis E. gum tree. ironbark. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. poppy eucalypt. rugosum v. perfoliatum E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . sea holm. S. torquata Euonymus E. Australian gum. maritimum Eschscholzia E. J.E. dulcis Endymion E.

vulgaris Foeniculum F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .s. finocchio. vulgare F. major Fragaria F. ulmaria F. alpine s. a.s.Euphorbia E. vulgare var. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. a. cyparissias F Ferula F. chiloensis F.s. vulgare F. vulgare subsp. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. imperialis Fumaria F. a. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. sow-teat s. assafoetida Ficus F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.

. dyer's greenweed. pulegioides American pennyroyal. red Robin . hirsutum H Hamamelis H. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. runaway robin. hederacea Gleditsia G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom.. sweet w. mock p.F. hexapetala G Galanthus G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. virginiana Hedeoma H. Carolina jessamine Genista G. nivalis Galium G. verum Gardenia G. our-lady's-b. jasminoides Gaultheria G. odoratum G. Carolina yellow j. germanica G. vernalis H. field balm. tinctoria Geranium G. Carolina jasmine G. robertianum Glechoma G. alumroot herb Robert. cleavers white bedstraw. spotted c.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. woodwaxen. sempervirens evening trumpet flower.. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. checkerberry. false baby's-breath woodruff. triacanthos Gossypium G.. maculatum G. mollugo G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. teaberry. Capejasmine wintergreen. mountain tea. honey locust. wild c. ground ivy. gardenia.

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niger H. corsicus H.. blacking plant plantain lily.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. rose-of-China. × luteola Herniaria H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. curry plant false licorice. bimli j. turnsole heliotrope. lilioasphodelus H. Chinese hibiscus. atrorubens H. Deccan h. hibiscus kenaf.. glabra Hesperis H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. bastard jute. matronalis Hibiscus H. arborescens Helleborus H. Hawaiian h. angustifolium H. lemon d. foetidus H. mallow.. daylily . cannabinus H.. China rose. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. licorice plant heliotrope.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. bimlipatum j. garland 1.. giant m. flavescens Helenium H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. lividus subsp. sweet r. Deckaner h. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. orientalis Hemerocallis H. rose m.. Indian hemp. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting.

-John's-wort St. lupulus Hydrangea H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. box-leaved h. box-leaved h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. perforatum Hyssopus H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. white h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. crenata var.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. rose h.. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. patulum 'Sungold' H. horned h. European h. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. asiatica Hypericum H.-John's-wort St. orangeroot. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I.H. navelwort gotu kola St. . I. Burford's holly Japanese holly.

lady's-earrings indigo indigo . water f. capensis Indigofera I. crested i.. opaca I. woad dyer's woad. spotted t. touch-me-not jewelweed. pseudacorus Isatis I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. × germanica var.. jewelweed. crested dwarf i. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. maculata J Jasminum J. snapweed. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. virginiana red cedar jasmine. glabra I. chinensis var. alba Iris I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. tinctoria Ixia I. J.. cristata I. 'Great Lakes' I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. wilsonii Impatiens I. helenium Ipomoea I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. yellow flag. florentina I. African corn lily corn lily orris. pallida 'Dalmatica' I.I. officinale Juniperus J. horizontalis creeping j. tinctoria Inula I.

maculatum L. angustifolia L. dentata var. n. flamingo p. d. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. brandegeana shrimp plant J. album L. angustifolia subsp. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.. sweet bay laurel.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. bay. white d. nobilis Lavandula L.. dentata L. indica Lamium L.. n. king'scrown L Lactuca L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. carnea Brazilian-plume. plume plant.Justicia water willow J. plume flower. dumb nettle. paradise p.

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muscari Lobelia L. leonurus Leontopodium L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. marsh rosemary. candidum L. blue cardinal flower . summer s. aestivum Levisticum L. sativum Leucojum L.. chalcedonicum Limonium L. perenne L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. hedge plant privet. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. officinale Ligustrum L. lovage privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. benzoin Linum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. pepperwort.

. catchfly mullein pink. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . honesty. europaeus Lysimachia L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. sempervirens Lunaria L. vulgaris Lythrum L. virginiana sweet alyssum. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L.L. campion. money plant. lycopersicum var. flava L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. maritima L. gypsywort. cordata Magnolia M. stellata M. coral h. moonwort. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. satin flower honesty. annua Lychnis L. grandiflora M. silver-dollar. penny f. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. coronaria L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. coronaria 'Alba' L. lycopersicum var.

Oregon g. × piperita M. × piperita var. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. American crab.. pineapple m.Mahonia M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. sweet b. angustifolia M. citrata M. Virginia b. aquatica M.. bee b. longifolia M. holly mahonia. pennyroyal Corsican m. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint.. musk m. vulgare Matthiola M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. white h. horsemint peppermint orange mint. hupehensis Malva M. imperial stock balm lemon b. Brampton stock. officinalis Mentha M. × gentilis M. 'Guiding Star' M. bluebells. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. lemon m. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M.. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. holly barberry. pulegium M. 'Eau de Cologne' M.. bergamot m. cowslip. menthella. b.. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. lungwort bluebells. stock stock. Virginia c. Scotch m. holly g. gillyflower. incana Melissa M. incanum M... curly m.. fastigiata Marrubium M. horsemint . alcea var. blue barberry apple. apple m. requienii M. mountain g.

winter purslane. textilis Myosotis M. punctata Montia M. fistulosa var. Greek myrtle. banana abaca. sylvatica Myrica M. Swedish m. sweet cicely. pink b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. red m. American m. Oswego tea. odorata Myrtus M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. menthifolia M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. b. citriodora M. candleberry. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. fistulosa M. b. pensylvanica Myrrhis M.. white b.M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. anise. swamp c. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. myrrh. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. white bee balm pink b.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

elatior P. lungwort blue 1. nepalensis P. pasture b. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. all-heal salad burnet. Americana P. maritima P. balsam p. Jerusalem cowslip white p.. domestica P.. cowslip self-heal self-heal.. hog-pasture b. Jerusalem sage. golden hardhack. vulgaris Prunus P. pensylvanica P. hackmatack. five-finger shrubby c. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. trifoliata Populus P. hardy orange poplar. aspen. sieboldii 'Alba' P. sand p.Poncirus P. persica Pteridium P. granatum Pyrus P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. angustifolia P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. heal-all. brake bracken. veris Prunella P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. tacamahac cinquefoil. widdy shrubby c. brake. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange.

chinensis 'Minima' R. typhina Ribes R. sativum Rosa R. York-and-Lancaster r. purshiana Rheum R.. brier r. canina R. banksiae R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. Bourbon r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. pilewort mignonette weld.. pygmy r. China r. stellata R Ranunculus R. luteola Rhamnus R. small c.. rose. garden c. cabbage r. moss r. fairy r. mountain c. autumn damask r. red currant. gallica damask r.Quercus Q. ficaria Reseda R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. moss r.. dog b.. gooseberry alpine c. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. sweetbrier French r.. crowfoot lesser celandine. dog r. × borboniana R. pie plant. garden r. alpinum R. . 'Cinderella' R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. eglantine. eglanteria R. brier Banksia r.

wichuraiana R. golden p. Cherokee r. Harison's yellow r.. garden sorrel broad dock. rugosa R. × harisonii R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. climbing r. Japanese r.. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. Turkestan r. prostrate rosemary. tinctorum Rubus R. rosemary white r. obtusifolius R. 'Schneezwerg' R. acetosa R..'Officinalis' R. sorrel. laevigata R. r. moschata R. climbing r. French sorrel rue . bitter d. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. hirta Rumex R. × rehderana R. burnet r. angustissimus R. musk r. prairie r. chestnut r. Scotch r. polyantha r. roxburghii R.. dock s. rosemary pine-scented r. spinosissima R. setigera R. madder bramble blackberry. chinquapin r. snowdwarf memorial r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R.

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< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. golden g. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. elderberry American e. viridis Sambucus S. caprea Salvia S. Mexican bush s. bloodroot rue . sclarea S. guaranitica S. purple g. caerula S. greggii S. purple variegated garden s. pussy willow sage. variegated garden s. leucophylla S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. clary annual clary elder. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. microphylla S. gray sage. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. osier goat willow. leucantha S. canadensis willow. s. involucrata S. bloodroot red puccoon. clevelandii S. garden s. argentea S. s. elegans S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. American e.

mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. trifasciata Santolina S. pincushion flower pincushions. St.Sanguisorba S. officinalis Sassafras S. jasminoides S. morganianum S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. live-forever houseleek. melongena var.. sweet s. good-luck plant. telephium Sempervivum S. albidum Satureja S. blessed t. virens Saponaria S. sisarum Solanum S. lucky plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. canadensis Sansevieria S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. neapolitana S.. tectorum Silybum S. Mary's t. roof h. hemp plant snake plant. atropurpurea Sedum S. milk t. devil's tongue. hortensis S.. marianum Sium S.. mad apple . esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. pinnata S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. mourning-bride stonecrop. live-forever houseleek. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. hen-and-chickens.

byzantina S. californica Sorbaria S. hedge nettle. sorbifolia Sorbus S. lutea Stokesia S.. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. laciniata Persian lilac S. lilac . pseudocapsicum Solidago S. big m. erecta marigold African m. woundwort lamb's-ears. officinale S. officinale Syringa S. americana Stachys S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S.. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. × persica var. patula melongene. grandiflora S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. laevis Symphytum S. reticulata var. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. vulgaris 'Addie V. Aztec m.

crispum Taraxacum T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. filifolia T. marum Thuja T... signet m. procumbent g. vulgare var. carnosus T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. lemon t.. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. dwarf m. 'Argenteus' T. vulgare T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. upright y. lucida T. fruticans T. officinale Taxus T. germander American g. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. sweet mace French m. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. 'Broad-leaf English' T. canadense T. wood sage germander dwarf. culinary golden lemon t. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. occidentalis Thymus T. . yew conical y. tansy tansy. dense y.T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. columnar y.

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romero clover red clover star jasmine. praecox T. woolly thyme creeping t. wishbone flower. confederatej. glabrescens T. . red c. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. richardii subsp. pratensis Trichostema T. nummularius T. jasminoides Tragopogon T.. pallasianus T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. zygis Torenia T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. crimson c. lemon t. t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. serpyllum T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T.. leucotrichus T. praecox subsp. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. caraway t. creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. not culinary French t. doerfleri T. t. odorus t. herba-barona T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. lanatum Trifolium T. nitidus T.

hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t.Tropaeolum T. speedwell. pale yellow Darwin t. officinalis V. blueberry. tawny orange t. thapsus Veronica V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. olympicum V. red s. angustifolium var. bitter Indian garden n. serpyllifolia nasturtium. maritima Urtica U. tarda T. species t. velvet p. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. mullein mullein. minus Tsuga T. huckleberry. blattaria V. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. water-lily t. Indian cress dwarf n. farfara U Urginea U. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. cranberry. flannel plant.. kaufmanniana T. clusiana T. nettle stinging n. majus T. dioica V Vaccinium V. canadensis Tulipa T. officinalis Verbascum V. laevifolium Valeriana V. early. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. 'General de Wet' T.. tall n. . squill. 'Blizzard' T. 'Sweet Harmony' T.

heartsease pansy. odorata V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. ladies-delight. possum haw . sheepberry.. violet dog violet horned v.. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. withe-rod vetiver. tricolor V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. lesser p. khus-khus. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. sweet h. maple-leaved viburnum. myrtle. × wittrockiana Vitis V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. nannyberry. minor Viola V. prunifolium Vinca V.. running m. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. zizanioides Viburnum V. acerifolium V. canina V. lutea 'Splendens' V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. heartsease. arrowwood.Vetiveria V. carlesii V. cassinoides V.

Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. Adam's-needle.

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