This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
< previous page
next page >
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
seven years ago. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. It needs no sequel. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. and the experience provided the final section of the book. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. more of them exist to serve as examples. The turning point came when. With false starts and honest stops. This they did. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. for they had no model and no guide. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. bereft of hope. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. build it. Again they revised. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. punching. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Then. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. This was not to be. and record every detailall of the failures. carefully chosen. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. whether all their labor was to no avail. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. and the publisher. successes. alterations. pushing.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Ginny had done some writing. responded with delight. especially poetry. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. wheedling. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. with sparkling enthusiasm. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Their energy and charm caught me up.
we completed a test garden. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. and these are capitalizedfor example. and educational purpose. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. To achieve this. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. while others were prepared by landscape designers. without accompanying commentary. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. degree of maintenance required. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. specialty. historical interest. rather. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. although countless common names exist. Italics are always used for botanical names. English thyme. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. . but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. the authors. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. Some of these were created by landscape architects." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. Likewise. former generic names. A range of essential factors is considered herein. or by contributors. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. The herb garden designs alone. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. We. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. 1969 and 1980. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Not all plants used are herbs. by their owners. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind.
< previous page page_ix next page > .
We are particularly appreciative of our husbands.. Swanson and Robert B. Special thanks are due James C. M. Eleanor Gambee. Rady. as expediter and typist. president. We are grateful to many.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former managing editors. and Joanna Reed. Jo Lohmolder. Weatherhead. has been especially helpful over the years. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. librarian. have also been of assistance. Isaacson. Wanda Ritchie. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. and Elizabeth Bryce. Genevieve Jyurovat. Herbert J. Alice Skelsey. Richard T. Keebler and the late Everest P. Finally. Derthick. Alexander Apanius. The late Raymond C. FAITH H. past presidents. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . and Rexford Talbert. former director of same. His assistant. and August Frugé. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Betty Rea. Recognition is due Robert B. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Lee Buss. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. which made possible the completion of our text. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature.D. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. has given us valuable information. Nell Neff. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. always encouraging us to stay with our project. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Susan Frugé. Trudi Bela. A lecturer on herbs. She has served. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. and the horticulturist. too. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. temples of worship. and structures. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision." A good design does not "happen." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. a front dooryard. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. In order to create a fine garden design. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. "Not difficult to plan. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. the north point will have been indicated. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. As Henry Beston reflects. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. to increase the value of the property. Its interest is independent of flowers. some of which are evergreen. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. or an abandoned. partially excavated area." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. new plants. If no . a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. new ways of seeing. and decisions must not be left to chance. fences. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. As one constantly reinforces the other. and hedges will have been located. Perennial herbs." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. lay out a plan of the property. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. not at all difficult to maintain. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer.
which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. and hedges.
In this example. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. too.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. measurements are in engineer's scale. too. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. will give the lot or acreage measurements. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. A deed description. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. In the absence of a survey map. measure to locate the house. but with all needed information. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. Other areas may require a smaller scale. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Next. Here. and the driveway. to locate the house. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. other significant structures. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. such as the one illustrated here. The object is to .
and unusual land features noted. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. triangleof inexpensive plastic. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. lines at an angle. shrubs. driveway. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. paths. < previous page page_3 next page > . the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. enclosures. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. The tools needed for drawing are few. The smaller the scale. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. and parallel lines. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings.
The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. and hedges of hemlock. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . and holly. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. Upkeep. In the designs that follow. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. In the absence of a structure. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. With the plan on paper. In some cases. However. brick. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. A toolhouse. or summer kitchen is ideal. One basic rule is the higher the wall. iron. old smokehouse. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. garage. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. bayberry. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. greenhouse. and stone. gazebo. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. yew.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
At first. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. and their styles are countless. so give them much thought. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Whatever the reason. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. deeply evergreen. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. gray surfaces are found. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Brick is the all-time favorite material. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. but the results will confirm this course. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. such as bayberry. If used. In some climates. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. railroad ties. When this reinforcement is understated. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. For example. . whether it will be rocks. Stone. Equally important is proportion. landscape timbers. Generally. holly. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Styles are legion. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. too. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. or. When used with a hedge. and rosemary. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. or pressure-treated lumber. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. painted. elegant box. it will seem too sparsely planted. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. box. for example. however. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Gates are part of the enclosure. Where air circulation is much needed. If desired. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. cut stones.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Lower cost is an advantage. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. used for dry wall or masonry construction. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. as in outdoor room dividers. yew. or natural. as an example. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. bricks. some deciduous and some evergreen. for reinforcing the design. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Rosemary. the garden design is most attractive. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. if wood is the material of choice. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Allow adequate room within the row. Stained. a temporary garden that may be changed later. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. annual painting is a necessity. they can be made to order.
there is a necessary. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. awkward and unsafe. Conversely.Steps When constructing steps. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
< previous page page_6 next page > .
Step materials need not be the same as. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. making the design more evident. too. but should be compatible with. cost. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. for example. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. however. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. the greater the tread. If groups are walking through. Paths must be ample. . Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. or red. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. It is a general rule that the less the riser. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Access paths. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. There are. appearance. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Choose the path material equally for comfort. The colors are various: terracotta. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. because they are just that. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. their use no less than comfortable. and maintenance. A width of four feet allows room for turning. rosy pink. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more.
A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .
sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. too. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. shad Malus coronaria. shrubs. When they mature. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. They are easily renewed as they break down. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. and many good references are available. This. serviceberry. prepare a planting plan for each. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. With these recommendations in mind. is an enjoyable experience. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana.) To avoid having a slippery surface. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. they should not shade the herbs too much. or trees to be considered. a soft-lead pencil in hand. If the garden is made up of separate beds. bark or pine needles can be used. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. a result being hazardous footing. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum.
The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. too. It needs. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. for example. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. however. Do use a soft-lead pencil. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. a focal point is customarily used. whether they are invasive or tall growing. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Artifacts As with other gardens. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. such as the one illustrated here. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Sept. 'Mount Hood daff. one-half inch equals one foot. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Often this center of interest is a sundial. noting well their growth habits. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. for example. lemon thyme. or whatever is best in your case. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. it is easily read and easily erased. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose .
scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Again. the height of a fence to the house. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. a niche of its own should be created. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. If a statue less than life-size is used. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. It is then in scale with its frame. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. < previous page page_9 next page > .
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. the designs have a decorative north point. Except for two. a stylized drawing of an ovary. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. that of good proportion. For easy reference. However. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. or other structure.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 3. 22. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Viola tricolor. 1. The first number in each planting area is the key number. lovage 17. summer 23.S. The rules of symmetry are observed. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Satureja montana.Allium 11. 4. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. 7. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. sativa. lemon 15.Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja hortensis. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. which is used here in relation to a garage. Foeniculum vulgare. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. a fence.L. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. 5.Pelargonium graveolens.A. 14.Origanum majorana. rose 24. With color and texture considered for contrast. arcticus 27.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. 16.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. Landscape Architect. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Lobularia maritima. salad burnet 12. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. 21. fennel 2. sweet 25. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. A.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 26. 6. dill cerasiforme.Poterium sanguisorba.Galium odoratum. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. Lavenders accent the front corners. bee balm 13. lemon balm . the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.
Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Porrum Group. costmary 'Albus'.8. curly parsley 10.Salvia officinalis. 19. Chrysanthemum balsamita. leek 9. Pelargonium × limoneum. Greek 28. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var. chive 18.Origanum heracleoticum. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. dwarf garden 20.
9. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. French tarragon 2. 17. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Allium schoenoprasum. white 20. Petroselinum crispum var. fennel English lavender geranium 4. 11.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 13. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja hortensis. 18. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. summer 10. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon verbena 21. 12.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. bush basil 3. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. curly parsley sativa. 1.Monarda didyma.Aloysia triphylla. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Pelargonium graveolens. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Pelargonium tomentosum. . as was done here. rose 19. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Poterium sanguisorba.Artemisia dracunculus var.
salad burnet 6.Origanum majorana. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . 14. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Rosa eglanteria.Heliotropium arborescens. eglantine 23. 16.Galium odoratum.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme dill 8.
The number in each planting area is the key number. 7.Mentha spicata.Satureja hortensis. summer savory 11.S. salad burnet 14.Artemisia dracunculus var.Levisticum officinale. The image would soon give way to other considerations. .< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. spearmint 16. Then the design might need to be expanded. Origanum majorana. and the plan could be used at a front door. Japanese yew 17. 13.Allium schoenoprasum. 9.Salvia officinalis. English thyme Greek oregano 4.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet marjoram 3.Taxus cuspidata. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. lovage 15. lemon thyme 10.A. dill 2. however.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Even in limited space. garden sage 8. still observing a scale. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. parsley 5. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Origanum heracleoticum. The garden is conveniently located.Petroselinum crispum. 1.Thymus × citriodorus. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Chionanthus virginicus. A. sativa. however.L. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. making the beds larger and the paths wider.
Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.6. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .
fraxinella 15. 13.Origanum majorana. fennel 19.Pulmonaria officinalis. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 6. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. 30. Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet violet 16. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. summer 21.Polemonium reptans. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. lavender marjoram 2. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. blue lungwort 26.Convallaria majalis. 9.Polystichum acrostichoides. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Allium ampeloprasum. salad 20. lemon thyme 28. 25. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. 31. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.Osmunda cinnamomea. The number in each planting area is the key number.Primula vulgaris.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Teucrium chamaedrys.Humulus lupulus.L. wild ginger 27. 8. Dictamnus albus. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. 32. the challenge is obvious. hop sativa. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden sage 17.Thymus × citriodorus. This is an intimate garden.S. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. 1. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 7. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Digitalis grandiflora. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 33.Stachys byzantina. cinnamon fern 4. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. Landscape Architect. bee balm 14. Christmas fern 5. Jacob's-ladder 3. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Viola odorata. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. 18.Asarum canadense. A. yellow 29. The long.A.
fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . curly parsley mountain ash 12.savory germander Willmott'.Buxus microphylla var.Galium odoratum.Galium verum. Canada hemlock Standard'. winter savory 24.Korean box 11.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 34. crispum.Satureja montana.Sorbus americana. 35.lilac 10. French thyme woodruff koreana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Tsuga canadensis.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. yellow bedstraw 23. French'.
The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Aloysia triphylla." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. To be placed near the kitchen.Salvia officinalis. Surprisingly. 1. Even so. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. garden sage 20.Petroselinum crispum var. geometric design.Origanum heracleoticum. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. One of the beds. It is a pleasing. dill 10. this design can be an inspiration. lemon verbena 2. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. 19. devoted to a "yearly surprise. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. neapolitanum.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Rumex scutatus. Italian parsley . it became part of the patio.
lemon basil 9.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum 12.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Poterium sanguisorba. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . sweet 14. garlic chive 26. Alpine strawberry 7.Petroselinum crispum var. winter savory 24.17. salad 15.Borago officinalis. chive 25.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Anthriscus cerefolium. sweet 18. sweet 13.Artemisia dracunculus var. crispum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Origanum majorana. French tarragon 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja montana. purple basil 4.3. basil sativa.Allium tuberosum. 16. lemon balm cicely 6.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum.Myrrhis odorata.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. chervil marjoram 21. English thyme bush basil 8. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Melissa officinalis. summer savory 23. curly parsley 22. borage 'Purpurascens'.
English thyme lemon thyme 11. lamb's-ears 20. Created in an orderly way.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum. purple basil 4. scented-leaf geranium 2. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. gray .Thymus × citriodorus. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. 19. The center beds here were established in this way. too. it is an unusual.Hyssopus officinalis. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. blue 22.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. geometric design. 14. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Stachys byzantina. winter 21. sweet 13.C.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. the work paths could be eliminated. green santolina 12.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. sweet cicely 23. To increase the planting area.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Pelargonium in variety. D. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Santolina virens.Myrrhis odorata. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. English lavender 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. As a whole. 1. it is full of interesting angles. so.Lavandula angustifolia. rosemary 3. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.
French thyme santolina 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Dianthus caryophyllus. 25. clove pink 7.Artemisia abrotanum. germander 16. American southernwood holly 17.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. camphor-scented wormwood 8. classic myrtle 9. horehound24.Ilex opaca.Salvia officinalis. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Artemisia camphorata.Teucrium chamaedrys.6.Myrtus communis. silver mound artemisia 18.
Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. casts the shadow for the hour. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Rosmarinus officinalis. too.Borago officinalis. Its arrow points north and.Artemisia absinthium.Chamaemelum . lemon balm 22.Calendula officinalis. borage 23. blue hyssop 2. which adds its impression of warmth.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp. 1.Melissa officinalis. French tarragon 14. yarrow 12. rosemary 15. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Sometimes space is limited. this herb garden is secluded. absinthe 26. sativa. gray santolina 13. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. tansy 25. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Achillea millefolium. Galium odoratum. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. winter savory 16. Lavandula angustifolia. arcticus 21. purple basil 3. pot marigold 24. This center of interest is of particular note. Job's tears 11.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Ocimum basilicum. English lavender 6. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. sweet basil 4. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. sweet woodruff 5. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Tanacetum vulgare. Coix lacryma-jobi.
Syringa.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Origanum vulgare.Chrysanthemum balsamita. costmary 'Albus'. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia elegans. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Salvia officinalis. chamomile 17. scented-leaf 27.Pelargonium in variety. marjoram pecan 10. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . pineapplescented sage 9.Origanum majorana.Carya illinoinensis. variegated garden sage 8.7. wild marjoram 28. comfrey20.Symphytum officinale. garden sage 19. chive 18. sweet 29.
for example lemon balm and spearmint. rue 31.Ipomoea alba. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Galium odoratum. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Melissa officinalis.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Ruta graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. dill 20.Myrrhis odorata. 19. sunken into the ground. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. When controlled in this way. garlic Levisticum officinale. horehound 33. lemon balm 35. sweet 34. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. sativa. Anthriscus cerefolium.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. French sorrel 21. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. lovage 22. 36. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. 30. 6. 29. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 18. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. purple basil Zingiber officinale. chervil 15. 1.Teucrium chamaedrys.Apium graveolens. hyssop Meyer lemon .Pelargonium graveolens. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. sweet cicely 37. 4.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. The more invasive ones.Satureja hortensis.Salvia officinalis. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. parsley 17. 9. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubium vulgare. 3. 8. 5. rose geranium 2. summer 32.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium sativum. true ginger16. 7. blue 23.
Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . lemonthyme 28. spearmint 27. salad burnet 25. Greek oregano 12.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil 38.Magnolia virginiana.Poterium sanguisorba.Tropaeolum minus. lemon verbena 11.Mentha spicata.10. English thyme 26. Japanese yew 39.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. bush basil 14. French thyme 24.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. dwarf nasturtium 13.Aloysia triphylla.Origanum heracleoticum.
Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. but. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. simplify!.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. a quick way to ensure good drainage. however. whatever the reason. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. "Simplify. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. < previous page page_22 next page > . Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. the insect-repellent pennyroyal." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Origanum majorana. lemon 22. summer basil savory 7.Lindera benzoin. sweet 17.Melissa officinalis. spicebush absinthe French'. sweet 25. bell pepper 6. 1. rue 20.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. tansy 11.Galium odoratum. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . jewelweed24.Tanacetum vulgare.Mentha x piperita.Ruta graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia absinthium.Capsicum frutescens.Satureja hortensis.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. balm sativa.Monarda didyma. 26. 16.Lactuca sativa. peppermint 23. aloe Grossum Group. sweet 15.Salvia officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Petroselinum crispum. 12. garden sage 3.Allium fistulosum. French tarragon 5. spearmint 21. arcticus.Impatiens capensis.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm 19.Aloe barbadensis.Allium schoenoprasum. 18.Hedeoma pulegioides. lettuce 10. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. 14.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum. dill 13. parsley 2.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
Thymus praecox subsp. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. Perovskia abrotanoides. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side.Pelargonium in variety. 1. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. 8. faced and capped with random. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Teucrium chamaedrys. . Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. horizontally laid bluestone. A low wall of brick. Russian 13. too. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. French thyme 2. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. germander 7. arcticus 14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. encloses this plan.
mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Santolina neapolitana 4. Thymus × citriodorus. blue 11.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. St. lavender 3. lemon balm hyssop 12.Hamamelis virginiana. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Viburnum cassinoides.Hyssopus officinalis. crimson creeping thyme 9. witch hazel 18. lemon thyme 10. white creeping thyme 5. arcticus 'Albus'.-John'swort 17.angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp.Campsis radicans.Thymus praecox subsp. trumpet vine 16. lady's6. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.
privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. Although this is not a large garden. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. Germander is a proper edging here. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. < previous page page_28 next page > . however. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. the shrubsyew. lilac. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. However. holly. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. box. It is. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Artemisia frigida. winter 29. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 1.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Anemone pulsatilla.Iris × germanica var. sweet violet 19.Iris cristata. santolina alpine pink 28. clary 30. Japanese holly 42. green 27.Satureja montana. sweet cicely17. lilac 45. 32.Teucrium chamaedrys.Santolina pinnata 34. sweet albula. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Cytisus supinus.Eloise & Jo Ray. columnal yew 43. gray sage savory 14. Heliotropium arborescens. prostrate rosemary 13. red creeping thyme 10.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. fraxinella 33. dwarf crested iris 39.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. crimson creeping thyme 31. 23. arcticus 'Coccineus'. woolly thyme 7.Ruta graveolens. white hyssop 4.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Marrubium vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. classic myrtle 15.Thymus praecox subsp. broom 40. rue 6. arcticus 'Albus'. white creeping thyme 37. Simkins'.Dictamnus albus.Stachys byzantina. mantle chamomile 5.Myrtus communis.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. 18.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. lamb'sears 35.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. cottage pink 2.20. germander 36. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. lavender 22. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. orris 38.Borago officinalis. 21. shrubby cinquefoil 46. blue horehound hyssop 3.Syringa patula.Salvia leucophylla. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Mentha requienii.Chamaemelum nobile. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lady's.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. 12. fringed wormwood 16. 26.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Comptonia peregrina. dwarf privet 48. Myrrhis odorata. alpine strawberry 8. Viola odorata. Alchemilla vulgaris.Artemisia camphorata. dwarf box 41. 9.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Corsican 24.Salvia sclarea. florentina. Japanese holly 47.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Santolina virens. Thymus praecox subsp. Japanese yew 44. mint silver mound artemisia 25.
and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. as is true here in the vegetable garden. This hedge. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. a cutting garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. an herb garden. and a vegetable garden. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. Other paths are brick. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. while adding to the enclosure of the area. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. a running bond pattern. < previous page page_30 next page > . The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. the center of interest for the herb garden.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds.
Landscape Architect.A.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. . A.L.
Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Origanum heracleoticum. 47. York-andLancaster rose 16. dill wishbone flower 5. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. cottage pink French'. bush basil 41.Teucrium chamaedrys. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Thymus × citriodorus.Satureja montana.Limonium latifolium. Rosmarinus officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. candytuft Standard'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Aloysia triphylla.Lilium candidum.Chrysanthemum × superbum. 14. garden sage 56.Rosa damascena savory crispum. blue hyssop 43.Polystichum acrostichoides. Anethum graveolens 23. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. Campanula persicifolia.Allium schoenoprasum. pale 28. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. white 'Bouquet'. 1. Stokes' aster 31.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. Aquilegia chrysantha. French tarragon 8. Achillea taygetea. starsMaxima'. plantain lily 2. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 32. French thyme 7.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. 22.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Digitalis grandiflora.Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. yellow 24. Dictamnus albus.Hyssopus officinalis. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. 53. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. lemon 29. lamb's-ears 49. verbena rose chive 11. Christmas 48.Ocimum basilicum 54.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Petroselinum crispum var. green santolina 42. double white peony of-Persia 12. fraxinella 26.Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Salvia officinalis. statice Solemacher'. winter savory 44. helenium 4.Magnolia virginiana. 52.Origanum majorana.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Allium christophii.Satureja hortensis.Galium odoratum.Ribes alpinum. sweet 51. summer 34.Pelargonium in variety.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Helleborus niger. Louise'. blue 27. yellow epimedium 15. sweet marjoram 45. alpine strawberry 3. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Stokesia laevis. columbine dwarf marigold 6. clary 46. 37.Hemerocallis × luteola. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. yellow 35.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. blue iris 9.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. germander 39.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Salvia sclarea. 55. lavender 18. 50.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. lemon thyme 40. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Stachys byzantina.
The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. as in this case. < previous page page_32 next page > . Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed. While serving as a soil retainer. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area.
English 44. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Mentha spicata. Melissa officinalis. lady's43. Ocimum basilicum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 1. lemon 22.45. Stachys byzantina.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Viola odorata.Alchemilla vulgaris. Landscape Architect. lemon verbena 46. borage 26.R.A. Monarda didyma.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. 42.Tanacetum vulgare var.A. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. 21.Iris pseudacorus. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. spearmint 41. lamb's25. F.Lavandula angustifolia. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. bee balm 24. sweet 23. Borago officinalis.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Galium odoratum.Iris cristata. . crispum.Thymus × citriodorus.
leek 49. sweet marjoram 28. pennyroyal 54. Rosmarinus officinalis. salad burnet 10.Marrubium vulgare.7. orange mint 29. savory sativa. polyantha rose 12.Cornus florida.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium cepa.Chrysanthemum balsamita. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Artemisia absinthium. dill 34. French tarragon holly 13.Elaeagnus pungens.Rosa × rehderana.Salvia officinalis. Greek 53.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Anethum graveolens. garden sage 36. 37.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Capsicum frutescens. southernwood 31. 56.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Dianthus caryophyllus. 40. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. absinthe English thyme 27.Origanum heracleoticum. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . fennel 35.Vinca minor.Salvia elegans. myrtle 58.Allium ampeloprasum.Satureja hortensis.Verbascum thapsus. carpet bugleweed 8.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. Ajuga reptans. tabasco senna pepper 20. Porrum Group.Artemisia abrotanum.Petroselinum crispum var. rosemary 9. 57. wild 39. flowering dogwood 15.Origanum majorana. curly mint 30. post crispum 'Banquet'. 33. 52.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Nepeta cataria. pineapple38. garlic chive 48. mullein chive 47.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia dracunculus var. Poterium sanguisorba. curly parsley oak 17. Egyptian onion 11. horehound neapolitanum. pink hawthorn 16.Quercus stellata. clove 55. catnip 50.Crataegus arkansana. rue 51. citrata. summer 32.Allium sativum.Ruta graveolens.Cassia marilandica. Proliferum Group.Allium tuberosum. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Mentha pulegium.Mentha × piperita var.
However. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. mothproofing bags. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. sleep pillows. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. < previous page page_34 next page > . which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. and vinegars. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. Although this is a northeast exposure.
Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .
tansy 16. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. 19. daylily in variety 41.Allium sphaerocephalum.Tropaeolum minus.Calendula officinalis. rue 26. crispum.Thuja occidentalis.Levisticum officinale. dwarf savory garden sage 13. 21.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum. 24.Satureja montana. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Melissa officinalis.Hemerocallis. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. anise hyssop 14.Salvia oficinalis. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Rumex scutatus. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tsuga canadensis. 50. costmary 5. peppermint geranium 40. Lactuca. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lily leek 44.Allium moly. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. 49. garden 'Purpurascens'. Roman 20. sativa. garden sage 2. Hallock'. winter 29. 'Monge'.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Pelargonium × limoneum.Pelargonium fragrans. lilac 32.Iris × germanica var. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. 'President Poincare'.Allium sativum var.Valeriana officinalis. Egyptian onion 42. southernwood 9.Allium cepa. French tarragon 10. lavender 7.Salvia officinalis.Laurus nobilis. salad 22. bee balm 30. Artemisia pontica. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Poterium sanguisorba.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Ocimum basilicum 27. lemon 18. blue hyssop 35. lemon 31. English finger-bowl geranium 38. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Salvia elegans. orris 17.Hyssopus officinalis . chive 43. balm valerian 15.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. American rosemary arborvitae 34. pot 28. Petroselinum crispum var. dwarf nasturtium 37. lemon verbena 36. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Allium pulchellum 47. round-headed garlic 46. bay 48. nutmeg geranium 39.Galium odoratum.Artemisia abrotanum. florentina.Tanacetum vulgare.Alchemilla vulgaris. purple basil sage 11. lettuce in variety 25.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium tomentosum. burnet lovage 6.Agastache foeniculum. Ruta graveolens.Mentha spicata. Proliferum Group. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Thymus × citriodorus. 23.Aloysia triphylla.Monarda didyma.
is the focus of the middle level. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A simple knot. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. < previous page page_36 next page > . The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Invasive. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs.
foxglove 4. summer savory 43.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Satureja montana 'Nana'. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Salvia elegans.Armeria maritima. valerian 5. golden thyme . sativa. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Sempervivum tectorum. salad burnet 23.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon 44. houseleek 45. dwarf winter savory 2. 1. white thrift 24. thyme 3.Poterium sanguisorba. fennel 25. Valeriana officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. horehound 46.Artemisia dracunculus var. bee balm 26. pineapple mint 22.Foeniculum vulgare.Monarda didyma. pineapplescented sage 47. Digitalis purpurea.
Calendula officinalis. sweet 32. clary 48. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. blue hyssop 57.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Hyssopus officinalis. skirret 60. yellow 41. feverfew climbing rose 16. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Teucrium chamaedrys. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Rosa eglanteria.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Symphytum officinale. sweet 37. Madonna cicely lily 12.Helleborus niger.Chrysanthemum 36.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. sweet basil sage 27. dyer's woad 7. absinthe 53. 38.Thymus praecox subsp. germander 56. pot 35.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. marigold chive 15. Isatis tinctoria.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. pink 59.Sium sisarum. Salvia sclarea. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Anemone pulsatilla. garden 42.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia absinthium. viper's 34.Lilium candidum. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. 33. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. English 52. French'. 54.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. rue 31.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Myrrhis odorata.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa chinensis.Helleborus orientalis. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.6.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana. 39.Galium odoratum. Angelica archangelica.Galium verum.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. sweet 50. rosemary 28.Agrimonia eupatoria. lavender Christmas rose 11.Eranthis hyemalis. annual clary 51.Alchemilla vulgaris.Salvia viridis. China rose comfrey 19.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. 30. Dictamnus albus. 61. arcticus 55. dwarf edging box 21. parthenium. white 58.Crocus sativus. 40. white creeping thyme aconite 14. fraxinella 8. pink 62.Ruta graveolens.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Laurus nobilis. angelica Lenten rose 10.Levisticum officinale.Echium vulgare.
and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. even though space is limited. However. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. and the shagbark hickory. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. < previous page page_38 next page > . Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Carya ovata. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. There is variety in this plan.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton. Landscape Architect .
cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. rue Cornusflorida. lamb's. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. germander Agastache foeniculum. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. Canada Isatis tinctoria. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. chive Ilex opaca. borage Petroselinum crispum. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. sativa. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. stewardsonii. red mint . alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. bee balm Melissa officinalis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis.Arisaema triphyllum. Poterium sanguisorba. Adiantum pedatum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. box Buxus sempervirens. French Galium odoratum. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. box Carya ovata.Galium verum. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. green santolina Primula veris. citrata. Asarum canadense. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. angelica Mondarda didyma. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. box Ruta graveolens. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. sweet basil Satureja montana. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. Aloysia triphylla. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. Marrubium vulgare. flax Buxus sempervirens. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. valerian Rosa damascena. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
However. < previous page page_40 next page > . Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. first intended for the construction of a cottage. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. too. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. For this appearance. A singular statue of St. An informal. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. it is open on the side facing the house. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. unplanned look was desired. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. this excavation. is on a sandy knoll. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. A clump of birch here. a dipping pool there.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Sempervivum tectorum.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. rose geranium 10.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. thrift55.Origanum majorana.Digitalis grandiflora. celandine cicely 18.Teucrium canadense. pot 66.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. feverfew 27.Melissa officinalis.Mentha × piperita. lemon 35. 33. Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 52. sea onion angelica 24.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 64. rue 29. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. apple mint 49.Satureja hortensis.Mentha pulegium. chive crispum. 36. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Salvia elegans. 74. lemon balm 44.Thymus praecox subsp.Glechoma hederacea.Althaea officinalis.Monarda fistulosa.Pelargonium tomentosum.Urginea maritima. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 1. 63. 34.Anethum graveolens. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. bee balm . mint 50. creeping juniper 26. 69.Mentha suaveolens.Origanum onites. 65.Poterium sanguisorba. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. myrtle 14. white birch English lavender parthenium. golden 37.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 12.Consolida orientalis. 79.Satureja montana. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. pineapple3.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Nepeta cataria.Valeriana officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. gray scented sage santolina 4. 53. 67. 60. orange geranium 11.Allium schoenoprasum. 8. 75. pennyroyal 46. catnip 73.Coriandrum sativum. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. marsh 42.Ocimum basilicum.Pulmonaria officinalis. orris chamaecyparissus.Rosa 'Merry England'.Myrrhis odorata. Thymus praecox subsp.Achillea tomentosa. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Digitalis purpurea.Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha × gentilis. spearmint 45.Tanacetum vulgare var. 30.Santolina florentina. 68. 58.Salvia officinalis.Stachys byzantina.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium favum lovage 22.Lavandula angustifolia. Johnny-jump-up54. French'.Pelargonium crispum. Iris × germanica var. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 70. wild 51.Convallaria majalis.Pelargonium quercifolium.Thymus herba-barona.Betula papyrifera. 78. 72.Pelargonium denticulatum.Chrysanthemum 80. 38. rose bergamot valerian 25. wild 43.Origanum vulgare.Anthriscus cerefolium.Viola tricolor.Marrubium vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. 59.Angelica archangelica. winter savory 20. horehound mallow foxglove 16. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet 71.Levisticum officinale.Petroselinum crispum. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Armeria maritima.Ajuga reptans. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. blue 2. 76.Monarda didyma. garden sage lungwort 57. fern-leaf tansy 23. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Mentha spicata. peppermint 47. 32.Vinca minor. 31. 61. 'Prostratus'.Chelidonium majus. woolly thyme 13. lamb's-ears parsley 19. Ruta graveolens. 77. red mint 48. purple basil 9.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the accents of the six large box.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. < previous page page_42 next page > . Foundation stone. is used for the wall. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the same as the smokehouse construction. Because of the edging box. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. making it more a part of the herb garden. and the two small trees. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage.
S.L.A. Landscape Architect. A. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
Ocimum basilicum 24.Myrrhis odorata.Angelica archangelica. sweet marjoram 2. lemon basil 15. rosemary 3. sweet 26.Ocimum basilicum 32. white 23. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. Lavandula angustifolia. chive comfrey curly mint 8. lovage 46. sweet 37. English 'Minimum'. lady's. 35. 21. Pelargonium graveolens. Dictamnus albus. 'Purpurascens'. 40.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium giganteum.Crataegus laevigata. 47.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Aloysia triphylla.Mentha requienii. sweet cicely45. bee balm 29.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pineapple mint 18. 27. purple basil sativa. box 'Citriodorum'.Mentha × piperita.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Allium schoenoprasum.Lilium candidum. blue angelica lungwort 20.Buxus sempervirens. lemon 34.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis.Prunus domestica. summer 25. dwarf edging box 14. Symphytum officinale. Asarum europaeum.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Satureja montana. balm citrata. winter 42.Ocimum basilicum.Fritillaria imperialis. Corsican 33.Mentha × piperita var.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. balsamita.Alchemilla vulgaris. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. 44.Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium odoratum.38. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Viola tricolor.Artemisia frigida. spearmint 48. 41. 31. Satureja hortensis. 22. fraxinella 17. species in variety crispum. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. orange mint 19. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Levisticum officinale.Mentha spicata.Crocus. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. lemon 36.Ocimum basilicum 30. European ginger 4. 39.Pulmonaria officinalis. verbena English thyme 5. 1. Origanum majorana.Tanacetum vulgare var. fringed 43.Chrysanthemum 28.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.
This hedge. < previous page page_44 next page > . Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. This is true also of the stone curbing. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Lowgrowing. Instead. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. pink of Dianthus. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. a soil retainer.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. although it is ample at four feet. The dipping bowl. two specimen shrubs. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. too. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. the dwarf box edging. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered.
.L. Landscape Architect.A. A.S.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
gray 22. 61. rue25. 53. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Leucojum aestivum. marjoram crocus 7. Madonna 63. prostrate rosemary 18. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. 20. angustifolia 'Nana'.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Allium christophii. 43.The number in each planting area is the key number. catmint 35.Crocus kotschyanus. 56.Sternbergia lutea. Spanish bluebell 16. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Borago officinalis. Stachys byzantina. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Mentha × piperita.Aloysia triphylla.Lilium candidum. golden thyme41. 46. 49. lemon 33. Thymus praecox subsp. orange mint 8.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. caraway thyme albus. 50.Cimicifuga racemosa. 45. black cohosh windflower 15. 52. 2. Santolina chamaecyparissus. lamb's-ears 28.Galanthus nivalis. 58.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. clary 32.Thymus herba-barona. 26.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.57. lily.Crocus speciosus. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. thyme 29.Tulipa kaufmanniana. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Allium giganteum angelica 11.Narcissus asturiensis.Hamamelis virginiana.Mentha × piperita var.Teucrium canadense.Helleborus niger. 40.Myrica pensylvanica. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. Origanum majorana.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. American 38. verbena snowflake 19.Tulipa clusiana. green santolina 37. 'Lanuginosus'.Crocus tomasinianus.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Mertensia virginica.Ocimum basilicum. 54.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. lemon 60.Angelica archangelica. 1. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Pelargonium in variety. 51. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Heliotropium arborescens.Mentha spicata. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. Compactus'.Narcissus triandrus var.Satureja montana.Convallaria majalis. tulip citrata. 36.Crocus angustifolius.Santolina virens. angel's-tears 59.Thymus praecox subsp. 17.Galium odoratum. winter savory 39. arcticus 30.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Salvia sclarea.Pelargonium in variety.Thymus × citriodorus.Dicentra spectabilis. Thymus doerfleri. 44. sweet 55. white 42.Levisticum officinale. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Helleborus lividus subsp. arcticus 34. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. borage 31. spearmint 48.Digitalis grandiflora. Salvia officinalis. sweet 47. sweet 27.Nepeta mussinii.Anemone blanda.
Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . very livable and profoundly satisfying. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. First. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. The results have been most satisfying. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Second. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Morning sun warms it early. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone.
Origanum heracleoticum. Landscape Architect.Salvia sclarea. 25. Ocimum basilicum.Tagetes 'Lulu'. .Artemisia lactiflora. clary thyme 22.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Porrum Group. tulip 45.A.Allium neapolitanum. 26. Beauty'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. Artemisia absinthium 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 1.Allium ampeloprasum. A. The number in each planting area is the key number. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.S. French tarragon 5.Salvia officinalis. marigold 41. sweet basil 23. wild celery 42. Thymus praecox subsp. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tulipa tarda.Apium graveolens.Crocus sieberi. 'Lambrook Silver'. Thymus × citriodorus. woolly thyme 3. crocus 44. absinthe sativa.L. lemon 21.Artemisia dracunculus var. leek 46. garden sage 4. English thyme 43.
red currant gray santolina 13.Aloysia triphylla.Asclepias tuberosa.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. lamb's-ears 52.Lobelia siphilitica. pink 30.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. 39.Malus hupehensis. white evergreen azalea 16.Petroselinum crispum var. lovage 34. American marjoram Yellow'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. Viola odorata.Stachys byzantina. green 40.Levisticum officinale. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. 8. viola holly 18.Tropaeolum minus. 54.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. catmint 53.Ribes sativum.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Artemisia camphorata. lobelia Sherbert'. blue 38.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. dogwood 19. pale 49. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. 58. 29. 32. American elderberry 15.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina virens.Origanum majorana. curly parsley 20. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. 56.Dictamnus albus.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. great 31.Dianthus × allwoodii.Achillea filipendula 60.Aconitum napellus. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. alpine 28.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. weed chive 48. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Crataegus phaenopyrum. sweet 37. yellow 55.Nepeta × faassenii. Lavandula angustifolia. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.foxglove 7. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Rosmarinus officinalis. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. lemon 50.Allium schoenoprasum.Ilex opaca. monkshood upright yew 17. butterfly 47. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. fraxinella 36.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium senescens var.Clematis 'Mrs. Robert verbena Brydon'.Ipomoea alba.Galium mollugo.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. clematis 11.Cornus florida.Digitalis grandiflora.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
A birdbath of copper.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. are raised with bricks on edge. repeats again the octagonal form. even though the growing area is not extensive. Well-drained as they are. The four herb beds. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . an impression of Sol in it. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
curly mint 3. lemon 30. variegated garden sage 37. Artemisia absinthium. Artemisia dracunculus var. golden variegated garden sage 38. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Pelargonium denticulatum.Lavandula dentata.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. thyme salad burnet 40. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. sativa. 1. rosemary 33. silver mound artemisia 8. bush basil 23.Ruta graveolens.Poterium sanguisorba.Ocimum basilicum.Santolina 25. 16.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Salvia officinalis. prostrate rosemary 34.Nepeta mussinii. absinthe 20. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. crispum. Galium odoratum.Marrubium vulgare. white creeping thyme 12.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. 19. French 26. 42. sweet basil 22. lavender 15. orange santolina geranium 11. Artemisia abrotanum. Stachys byzantina. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. rue 35. clary 21. catmint 6.Joan E. heliotrope 31.Petroselinum crispum var. angustifolia. peppermint 4.Mentha spicata. 28.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. dill 18. Anethum graveolens.Heliotropium arborescens.Pelargonium crispum.Allium schoenoprasum. purple variegated garden sage 36. lamb's-ears 17. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 27. sweet woodruff 9.Pelargonium odoratissimum. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 39. spearmint southernwood 5.Lavandula angustifolia. clove pink 10. 43. curly parsley 32. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. French tarragon 7.Thymus praecox subsp. 29.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia sclarea.Allium tuberosum.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 41. Semple. English thyme horehound 2. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. purple basil 24.
A birdbath may replace the pool.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. rose. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. if neither is available. < previous page page_52 next page > . and lantana are a few. rose geranium. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. lemon verbena. a toolhouse. too. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. A suitable fence.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Artemisia absinthium 11. crispum. zonal geranium 18. absinthe 'Minimum'. A.Rosmarinus officinalis. Thymus praecox subsp. 9.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 3.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. woolly thyme 15. green 12.Chenopodium botrys. verbena ambrosia 4. fern-leaf tansy 8.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.L. bush basil 5. zonal geranium 19.Tanacetum vulgare var. 7. 13.Santolina virens.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 10.A. white creeping thyme 2. Landscape Architect.Aloysia triphylla.Heliotropium arborescens. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. geranium 16. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. arcticus 'Albus'. rosescented geranium 17.Pelargonium frutetorum.S. heliotrope 21.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 20. gray santolina chamomile 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. 1. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .
Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. Box and holly enclose it all. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. artemisias. a sundial. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. a deep mauve to others. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. mints. box. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. The dwarf box frames the focal point. As the snows melt. the design is clearly traced. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. but the design itself has endured forty years. apothecary's rose. Angelica. These can easily obliterate a design. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Hyssop hedges define the circles. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Buxus sempervirens. southernwood 2.Galium odoratum.Pulmonaria officinalis. orris 57.Tanacetum vulgare var. rosemary 25.Alchemilla vulgaris.Thymus praecox subsp. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. feverfew 14.Lavandula dentata. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Graham.Stachys byzantina. florentina. chamomile 31.Pyrus communis. 65.Monarda fistulosa. 59.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Arisaema dracontium. white creeping thyme French'. rue 23. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. nasturtium 28.Sedum telephium. orris box 22. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. white dead 49. Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop 42. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.30. clove pink 29.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. Santolina virens. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Helleborus orientalis.Symphytum officinale.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Satureja montana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.47.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Asclepias tuberosa. germander 43. wild 52. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. alpine 60. Tropaeolum majus.Vitis.Artemisia absinthium.Armeria maritima. green santolina 24. piney 44.Syringa.Thymus praecox subsp.Astrantia major. masterwort 69. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Origanum onites.Allium schoenoprasum. dyer's woad 9.Thymus praecox subsp.Lilium candidum. houseleek Lenten rose 11. white 66.James D.Melissa officinalis. Origanum majorana.Alchemilla alpina. apothecary's rose lavender 20. 58. green. scented. lady's-mantle 46.Lamium album. 'Albus'. lamb's-ears 33.Valeriana officinalis.Perillafrutescens.Myrrhis odorata. lilac 70. 55.Helleborus niger. perilla 51.Hyssopus officinalis. weld 54.Asarum europaeum. 48. 1.63.Helleborus atrorubens 12. crimson creeping thyme 18. valerian 6.Isatis tinctoria.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. Pelargonium in variety.Sium sisarum. arcticus 40.Santolina neapolitana 36. arcticus 38. daffodil 17.Foeniculum vulgare. 26. winter savory 32. yew Beauty'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Reseda luteola. sweet woodruff45. absinthe 34. bronze 64. 67.Lavandula angustifolia. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . leaf geranium French lavender 8.Iris × germanica var.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Taxus.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 62.Artemisia camphorata. 56. butterfly weed35. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. garden sage Christmas rose 10. Rosmarinus officinalis. gray 37.Paeonia officinalis. skirret 53. fern-leaf tansy 5. dwarf edging box 21. marjoram lungwort crispum. sweet European ginger cicely 3. sweet 27. grape fennel 19. blue 50. Canadian burnet 13.Sempervivum tectorum. thrift 41. Dianthus caryophyllus. arcticus 39.
Rosa 'Albertine'. In addition to the brick edging around each. The brick edging around each bed is a help." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. The large. < previous page page_56 next page > . Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. with buds of red. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. They are small specialty beds. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. include this one. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. but no panacea for the maintenance required. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. pink. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. If there is room for only one rambler rose. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. rising from the courtyard. At the top of the steps. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. However. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses.
Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus.Melissa officinalis.Rheum rhabarbarum. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. winter savory 41. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. alpine strawberry 3. bush basil 43.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 1. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Satureja montana. Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. foxglove 39. 23.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 22. subsp. Carum carvi. lavender 4. caraway 24. English thyme . Angelica archangelica. lemon balm 42. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. tansy Bois'. angelica 20.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Borago officinalis. garden sage 40. rhubarb 2.
49. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Poterium sanguisorba. silver 27.sativa. pineapple34.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. centifolia 'Cristata'.R. 54. pot 50.R.Teucrium chamaedrys. musk rose 12.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Consolida ambigua. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Lavandula dentata.Chrysanthemum balsamita. citrata.Chrysanthemum. curly parsley 26. blue hyssop 25. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . lemon 51.Marrubium vulgare.Anethum graveolens 47.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia elegans. 31. Hyssopus officinalis.R. 35. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.R. 29. geranium in 30. 36. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Mentha × piperita var. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Dianthus Victoria'.R.'Albertine'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. 56.Pelargonium. Irish-lace 48.Satureja hortensis.R. marguerite chive 9.Origanum majorana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. sweet 37.6.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus 44. thyme frutescens. centifolia var. cheddar pink 53.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Chenopodium 55.R. prostrate rosemary 16.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.'Baronne Prevost'. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. muscosa 15.R.Chrysanthemum 46. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. French'. French 33. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Petroselinum crispum var.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. bourbon rose 10. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Laurus nobilis. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. Mexican tea 18. 45. rose 28.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. var. clove pink Mammoth'. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. salad 7. centifolia. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. Pelargonium graveolens.Tagetes filifolia.
Balance is augmented. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. as it should be. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. It is near the house. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. < previous page page_58 next page > . and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. too. Laid in an unusual pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
dill 9. double white peony 5. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . sweet basil 14. 16. 20. 24.Allium schoenoprasum. A. angustifolia 'Munstead'. rosemary yellow viola 10.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The number in each planting area is the key number.Myosotis sylvatica. 17. heliotrope 3. gray 15.L.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. 23. English thyme signet marigold 11.Santolina virens. English'. chive lemon verbena 6.Satureja hortensis.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Ocimum basilicum.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Hyssopus officinalis.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis. 19.A.Heliotropium arborescens. blue hyssop 13.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. arcticus 'Albus'. santolina moss rose 7. white creeping thyme 4.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. green 22.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla. lavender 2. Landscape Architect.S.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. 1.Anethum graveolens. Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 8. 21.
Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. the fence with roses. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . too. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The grape vines. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. and the grape arbor. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Herbs. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. potted lemon verbena. winter pruned. and a comfortable.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
marsh climbing rose. Nepeta mussinii. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. sweet climbing rose. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'.Connecticut Vera Breed. Galium odoratum. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. purple variegated garden sage 4. Iris cristata. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lemon Linum perenne. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. conical yew rosemary 1. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. three. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Stachys byzantina. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Teucrium chamaedrys. Aloysia triphylla. Valeriana officinalis. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. 3. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I .Amsonia tabernaemontana. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. BED II germander BED IV 2. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Althaea officinalis.
marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. lavender 10. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. beach Marrubium vulgare. lemon Anemone hybrida. Delphinium × belladonna. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. catmint 5. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lemon thyme 9. fairy rose Giant'. Thymus. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. houseleek in variety 7. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. plume Baptisia australis. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Thymus × citriodorus. creeping thyme in variety 8. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . tuberosa 6. Chamaemelum nobile. Rosmarinus officinalis. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Sempervivum.
Either it flourished too well. Later. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. its detail is shown below. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Herbs. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. magnolia. this was replaced with ''edging" box. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . Another angle could be tried with these. if desired. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. and bright green in the herb beds. silver. planted in bands across these beds. holly. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. grew too large. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. myrtle. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Ivy. tend to broaden the width of the garden. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. blue green.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
bayberry balm thyme 13. French thyme 39.Chamaemelum nobile. Ruta graveolens. 25.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. ears rose geranium 3. silver-king artemisia 23. lemon 29.Origanum majorana. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Laurus nobilis. lime geranium 4. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. lovage 48. lemon 46. 28. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Levisticum officinale.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus herba-barona. Tropaeolum minus.Thymus praecox subsp. 1. Borago officinalis. 'Minimum'. lamb's. borage 26. English'. dwarf 21.Rumex scutatus.Pelargonium × nervosum. purple basil savory 35. English thyme chamomile 2.Myrica pensylvanica.Buxus sempervirens 14.Lavandula angustifolia. rue 20.Pelargonium fragrans. box chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Artemisia abrotanum.Melissa officinalis. salad 43. purple garden sage 7.Satureja montana. arcticus 'Albus'. caraway thyme 40. French 27. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Hedera helix. woolly thyme 8.19. bush basil albula. sweet woodruff 36.Tanacetum vulgare.Galium odoratum.Marrubium vulgare. Stachys byzantina.Thymus doerfleri. tansy 45.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 33.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf edging box 11. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. myrtle 47.Thymus carnosus. horehound germander 17.Pelargonium graveolens. American holly 31. English ivy burnet 10. thyme 38. spearmint 42. gray santolina 15.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 49. thyme 37. Ocimum basilicum 22.Ilex opaca. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus praecox subsp.Poterium sanguisorba. 6. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . 44.Mentha suaveolens. bay rosemary 12. Ocimum basilicum 24. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Mentha spicata. white creeping thyme 41.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. winter 'Purpurascens'. sweet 34. bee balm30.Vinca minor.Rosmarinus officinalis.Magnolia grandiflora.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.
and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. adding to the space for walking. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. too. There is variety in the walks. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. and treessome of which are espaliered. standards. brick. accent this prime focal point even more. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The use of flagstone. potted shrubs. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. maypoles. It is located for the best viewing. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. < previous page page_64 next page > . Laurus nobilis.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. too. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. It is a large garden. The four potted bay. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest.
P. Satureja montana. Johnny-jump.Nigella damascena.P. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. apple English thyme up geranium 3.Viola tricolor.P. musty oakscented geranium 5. 26.odoratissimum. 49. 51. love-in. fragrans. 1.Chenopodium botrys. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .53.quercifolium. 25. pot 52.P.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 29.acerifolium.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.P. winter 27. wild 28.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.50. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.
Origanum majorana. crispum 'Minor'. classic 21.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Salvia officinalis. lime geranium 55. lemon southernwood geranium 34. sweet flag 16. orange geranium 23.Poncirus trifoliata. crowfoot 70.P. arcticus43. golden lemon thyme 7. glutinosum.Myrtus communis.P. radens. parsley 35. peppermint 67.× nervosum. white creeping thyme geranium 68. fern-leaf 60. wild thyme 31. box 19.Salvia caerulea.Levisticum officinale. white sweet yarrow violet 13.P.Mentha pulegium.6.Aloysia triphylla. crispum. 44. 71.Marrubium vulgare.Melissa officinalis. strawberry 48.Achilleafilipendula. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. cherry tomato chive 17. horehound 46.Monarda didyma. lemon geranium 56. radens 'Dr.Malus. 61.Artemisia abrotanum. bee balm 63. tomentosum.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. Rosmarinus officinalis. 62.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.P.72.P. French tarragon Rose'.Viola odorata.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 37. Hyssopus officinalis. rosemary 9.Poterium sanguisorba.Tanacetum vulgare var.Allium schoenoprasum. fern-leaf 'Nana'. rose geranium66. Chamaemelum nobile. lemon geranium 33. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . bay 20.Livingston'. pine crispum.Pelargonium crispum. salad 42. lemon 65.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Foeniculum vulgare. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. 41.Thymus serpyllum.P. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Malus angustifolia.Allium senescens var. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Fragaria vesca. English lavender 32. pheasant's.P. 58. forsythia 'Albus'. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. denticulatum.Mentha. bronze 38. camphor-scented geranium 69.P.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon-rose geranium 22. lettuce 39.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. lemon 47. lettuce 40.Origanum dictamnus. blue hyssop 10.Forsythia.Anethum graveolens.P.Petroselinum crispum. 57. lemon balm 45. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. denticulatum 11. graveolens.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. dill 36.P. 64. garden sage 54.Acorus calamus.Laurus nobilis.P. chamomile 8.
The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. In keeping with this feeling. < previous page page_66 next page > . too. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. and Allium karataviense.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The result is one of sculptured elegance. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. green santolina.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
winter savory 9.Thymus praecox subsp.Levisticum officinale. fringed 7. Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium christophii. garden sage 18. Santolina virens.Allium sativa. French tarragon schoenoprasum. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia frigida. 8. lemon 11.Salvia officinalis.Salvia officinalis. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. gray 10. arcticus.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Satureja montana.Allium moly. chive 4. 1. blue hyssop 16. big blue lilyturf 12. wormwood fennel 2. green santolina 14.Hyssopus officinalis. apple mint 13. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Mentha suaveolens. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. Baker. 15. dwarf garden 17.Florence B.Liriope muscari.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
Many herb gardens could provide this. the upper deck. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the square. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. and the front porch of the house. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. the circle. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. < previous page page_70 next page > . for the box after new spring growth. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
Cupressus sempervirens. lemon 8. 1.Satureja montana.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. viola 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. Italian cypress 9.Chamaemelum nobile.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. chamomile 2. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . lavender 5. dwarf myrtle 6. winter savory 4.Cedrus deodara.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf edging box 7.
1962) < previous page page_72 next page > ." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. from Peter Coats. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Coin with Tudor rose design. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. as it was with this plan. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Roses. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Paths are gravel. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd..
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Melissa officinalis. Madonna 23.Ruta graveolens. classic myrtle 18. Malva sylvestris.Myrtus communis. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Fumaria officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba.Iris pseudacorus.Viola tricolor. blue hyssop 2.Lilium candidum. fennel 21. Chamaemelum nobile. lettuce 28. 1. monkshood27. 34. rosemary 16.Lactuca sativa.Rosmarinus officinalis. yellow flag 26.Mentha × piperita.Crithmum maritimum.Petroselinum crispum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Lavandula angustifolia. chamomile 4. sweet marjoram 3. winter 32.The number in each planting area is the key number. earth 24.Anemone pulsatilla. salad burnet 10. Origanum majorana.Satureja montana. lemon balm 31. wild thyme 5. 22. 25.Aconitum napellus.Carum carvi. Foeniculum vulgare.Mentha spicata. Thymus serpyllum. English daisy 36.Primula vulgaris. oxlip 17. caraway 35. pot marigold 15.Buxus sempervirens.Bellis perennis. mallow 13. rue 33.Viola odorata. 19.Fragaria vesca.Crocus sativus. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . saffron lily crocus 12. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. sweet violet 6. parsley 29. Hyssopus officinalis. spearmint 30. clove20. Eryngium maritimum. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Primula elatior. Dianthus caryophyllus. absinthe peppermint 8.Calendula officinalis.
However. plumed. Selected for this reason.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. spurred. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. white blooms and woolly. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. along with a measure of fragrance. most of the blooms are nightscented. but Always Love. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. silver mound. its tufted. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance." Concrete blocks. white. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.
silver mound artemisia 3. sweet 31. Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. 'Albus'.Dictamnus albus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Galium odoratum. white .Marrubiam vulgare. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. horehound 2. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Galanthus nivalis. pink 15.Lilium candidum. lamb's. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Stachys byzantina. 17.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. 1. white 32. silver 16. petunia 30.19. Thymus 'Argenteus'.
white 27. rose 40.Matthiola incana. needle florentina. clary 24.Artemisia stellerana. Artemisia lactiflora.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Lunaria annua.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Convallaria majalis. moonflower 39.Malus 'Guiding Star'. lavender 12. 25. Adam's.Hesperis matronalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Chrysanthemum parthenium. tulip 38. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. dame's honesty rocket 14. rose 41. western mugwort 7.6.Polianthes tuberosa.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Artemisia ludoviciana. Viola odorata.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. albula.Iris × germanica var. sweet violet 20. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Salvia sclarea.Rosa 'Cinderella'. tulip 37. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. 26. orris 8. Yucca filamentosa. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. 23. white 22.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Ipomoea alba. 28. daffodil 35. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . tuberose 36.21. white stock absinthe 10. Artemisia absinthium.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.
Many of these herbs lack the hues.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. required their use as an educational adjunct. related to an old mill reconstruction. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. too. Rather. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. This herb garden. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. textures. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. < previous page page_76 next page > . A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Reseda luteola. garden 56. 47. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.51. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Chelidonium majus. 37..Agrimonia eupatoria. blueberry 13. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. weld 57. 20. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Carthamus tinctorius. peach bracken sorrel 19.46. barberry teasel woodruff 12. bee 36. ramie 24. 23. dyer's 31. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. goldthread 41. stinging nettle44.Convallaria majalis. Boehmeria nivea.Filipendula ulmaria. Linum usitatissimum. Abutilon theophrasti.Genista germanica.Solidago species. Agave sisalana. lily. Musa textilis.Dipsacus sativus. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Parmelia conspersa.Pteridium aquilinum.Tagetes patula. privet marigold 15.Coptis trifolia. golden 40. alkanet 52. saffron crocus marguerite 3. sumac poke 17.Sanguinaria canadensis. 29. sisal 27. 35.Allium cepa.Rhus typhina.Mahonia aquifolium. Hibiscus cannabinus. Sansevieria trifasciata. Agave fourcroydes.Viburnum acerifolium. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Rumex obtusifolius. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.38. dyer's broom safflower 6.Monarda didyma. 1. 32.Morus rubra or alba.Rudbeckia hirta. queen. 53. 28.Genista tinctoria.Indigofera tinctoria.Ligustrum vulgare.Hydrastis canadensis.Rumex acetosa. broad 42. Manila 25. Gossypium hirsutum. flax 21.Hypericum perforatum.Phytolacca americana.Rubia tinctorum.Crocus sativus.Galium verum. Scotch broom hemp 7. 39.Isatis tinctoria. black-eyed 50. onion China jute 4.Berberis vulgaris.Tagetes erecta. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Galium odoratum.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. madder 54. yellow 55.Anthemis tinctoria.Cytisus scoparius.Anchusa officinalis.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Prunus persica. 26.Furcraea hexapetala.Vaccinium angustifolium var. African 45.Cladrastis lutea.Coreopsis tinctoria. 34. 22. sweet 49. 43. 48. woad Susan laevifolium. French 33.Cotinus coggygria. fuller's 30.Urtica dioica. St.
< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. as well as the roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. A totally appealing edging. < previous page page_78 next page > . by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. Elsewhere. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
'Marie Pavic' 8. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Mme. 22. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. rambler 19. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 18. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. cl. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'American Pillar'. Legras de St. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 25. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Mignonette' 5. 23. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Belle Amour' 6. Alfred de Rougemont'. 24. 'Sombreuil'. cl. cl. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 1. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. cl. cl. rambler 20.
It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. Circles and angles provide interest. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. < previous page page_80 next page > . abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
C.B. curly eggplant parsley 23.annuum 'Floral Gem'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. 39.B. Boerner. oleracea 'Red Acre'.C. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.A. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. chive 42. C. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. annuum 'Teno'. annuum 'Variegata'. shallot Lakes'. 27. annuum 'Pinocchio'. tuberosum. C.B.Cichorium intybus. garlic chive 44. annuum 'Fips'. red 37.B.Solanum melongena var. celery I 31. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.B. graveolens var.B. oleracea 'Prima'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. annuum 'Mosaic'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. melongena 1. red-flowered kale 6. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.A. kohlrabi Rock'. oleracea 'Green Parade'.A. 45. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.C. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. 32.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.esculentum 'Long Black'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. leek 5. 26.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. schoenoprasum.C. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. annuum 'Red Boy'. annuum 'Nosegay'. annuum 'Golden Bell'. celery Group. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. 22. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. red 38. Capsicum annuum var.C. 29.C. dulce 50. melongena 2.A. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. dulce 'Utah 5270'. annuum 'Black Prince'.L. C. crispum 'Banquet'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.C. graveolens var. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. pear Purple Vienna'.A. Beauty'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. graveolens var. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.S. white-flowered kale 49.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. Petroselinum crispum var. scorodoprasum.A.B.B. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. eggplant 43.B. cepa Proliferum Group. dulce 47. 25. 24. cherry tomato 34. sprouts celery 8. ruby swiss chard var.L. C. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.B.B.A. 30.A. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.A. celery Bed 9.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. C.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. lycopersicum var. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.S. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.Apium graveolens var. 48. giant garlic var. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. graveolens 'French Dinant'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. 28. 40. C.sativa 'Ruby'.
Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. winter savory. for each is a complete entity. When viewed from the terrace above. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and golden thyme. All of the circles. arcs. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
P. Satureja montana.P. gooseberry geranium 24.P. lemon geranium 22. 17.Melissa R. Teucrium chamaedrys. Livingston'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. rose geranium 27.P. P..P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. Assoc. grossularioides.P.A. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. acerifolium. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 29. pungent-scented geranium 25. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. green 14. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. 19. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.P. tomentosum.P. inkberry geranium 9. Santolina virens. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. The number in each planting area is the key number.P. 1. 12. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . A.Myrica pensylvanica. orange geranium 8. Santolina chamaecyparissus. radens 'Dr. × domesticum 6. graveolens. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. maple-leaved 18.S. 15.' lemon geranium 23. apricot geranium28. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.Ilex glabra.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. odoratissimum. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P.P.L.P. crispum 'French Lace.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. P. golden 11. scabrum. peppermint 26. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. germander crowfoot geranium 21.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. winter 13. P.P. lime geranium Rose'. oak-leaved geranium 16. Marshall. Landscape Architect.P.P. rose-scented geranium 4.× nervosum.P. crispum.
One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina virens. texture. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. especially when it is blooming. Its interspaces can be mulched. was planted using edging box only. English lavender 2. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. blue hyssop 3. Maintenance is high for a knot. such as a dwarf edging box. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. To ease the care for a more complicated design. which is framed with a brick edging.Hyssopus officinalis. sand. closed knot design. .< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. and growth to the plants of the knot design. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. or marble chips. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. For the knot to look its best at all times. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. filled with plants that have contrasting color." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. 1. on page 37. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs.
Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf edging box 4. 1. gray santolina 3. green santolina 2.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .
Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.Thymus praecox subsp. which is found more often out in the open.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.T. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. variegated garden sage . but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. fig 4. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.officinalis 'Tricolor'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender Japanese barberry 5. The knot material is maintained at six inches. which are confined to that area. purple variegated 11. caraway thyme 9. creeping thymes. the height of the edging. 8. 1.T. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.S. Some maintenance is required for clipping. Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Munstead'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. In another departure from the usual. white 7. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. herba-barona. praecox subsp. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary creeping thyme 2. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. arcticus 'Albus'. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
American germander 3. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. gray santolina 2.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender . angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Teucrium canadense.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. setting it off admirably. germander .< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.
Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.
The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. adding another facet to an appealing design. each one a quarter-circle. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. pleasing color. which are also laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. again laid on edge. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. < previous page page_88 next page > .< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. a complement for the colors of the plant material.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
Artemisia arborescens.Teucrium fruticans. woolly yarrow 23. glaucum 11. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. tree artemisia 26. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Allium senescens var. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . blue sage 13. 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number. silver sage 15. 16. samphire14. golden marguerite 25.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. dwarf gray santolina 20.Salvia clevelandii.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Helichrysum angustifolium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis tinctoria. curry plant 7. rue 21.Thymus 'Argenteus'. French lavender 3. grenadin pink chamomile 4. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. gray santolina 2. 17.Artemisia frigida.Perovskia atriplicifolia. lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. tree germander 22. lavender 5. candicans.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver thyme 6.Anthemis marschalliana. Russian sage 24. dwarf 12. silver horehound 19.Salvia argentea. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Marrubium incanum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Santolina neapolitana 10.Lavandula dentata var.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Crithmum maritimum.Leontopodium alpinum. lavender 9. 1.Dianthus × caryophyllus.
Styles of containers. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. oregano. which include hanging baskets. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. As with other plant material. lady's-mantle. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. sweet marjoram. < previous page page_90 next page > . Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. Some are rosemary. basil. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. thyme. are without number. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. The color of the container plays a lesser role. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. If one is familiar with herbs. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. and the savories.
It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > .
Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > .
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
If children's interest is not sustained. A. Of course supervision is necessary. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.S.L. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.A. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. LandscapeArchitect. < previous page page_95 next page > . However.
and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. they are easily handpicked." selected for their greater fragrance. A sundial can be fun and also educational. < previous page page_96 next page > . If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. Children in this age group can help with the construction. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. These are ''old roses. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. Instead of benches on the patio. too. Just keep a garden design for children simple. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.
Landscape Architect. A.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S.L. .
ophioscorodon.Satureja hortensis. pot marigold 8. Petroselinum crispum var. dyer's bush basil woad 9. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Isatis tinctoria. neapolitanum. borage 15. alpine strawberry 3.Artemisia camphorata.Rosa gallica. English lavender 4.Chenopodium botrys. 16. ambrosia 2. English lavender 7. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. summer savory 22. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. Levisticum officinale. clary 25.Tropaeolum minus. Dianthus plumarius.Hedeoma pulegioides.Petroselinum crispum var. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Italian parsley 23. lily leek 30.Origanum majorana.Allium senescens var.Artemisia abrotanum. southernwood 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. cottage pink 18. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . glaucum 31. damask rose 32.Salvia sclarea. love-in-a-mist 14. garden sage 24.The number in each planting area is the key number. 13.Anethum graveolens. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium tuberosum. 20.Nepeta cataria. 19. catnip 27.Allium sativum var.Salvia officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. garlic chive 29.Lavandula angustifolia. dwarf 6.Rosa damascena.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Marrubium vulgare. lovage 12. horehound 26. dill pennyroyal 11. crispum.rocambole 28.Allium moly. Nigella damascena. Borago officinalis.Calendula officinalis. 1. American 21.
for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. The oval. not noted on the plan. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The sculptures. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. All are inviting to the touch. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. < previous page page_98 next page > . The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. previously used as a skating rink. are a seal and a turtle. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner.
R.A. Landscape Architect.A. .< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F.
fleabane Stellaria. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. chamomile Mentha. cowslip Linaria. borage Tanacetum vulgare. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. bee orchid Erigeron. duckweed Antennaria. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. English Tussilago farfara. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. winter savory Mentha. mint Galium odoratum. mint Tagetes. bee balm Satureja montana. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. marigold Salvia officinalis. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile.Hedeoma pulegioides. Foeniculum vulgare. tansy Monarda didyma. Trifolium pratense. chive dandelion Allium sativum. lousewort Viola canina. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. dog violet Lemna. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. Allium schoenoprasum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . pussy-toes Celosia cristata. Nepeta cataria. coltsfoot Mimulus. Greek Stachys byzantina. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. fat-hen Primula veris.
in a climate like this it can be of critical import. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. its wooden structure long gone. A number of wooden window frames. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. feverfew. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. and old barn beams another about the same height. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Their height eases the task of weeding. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. are superb for displaying potted herbs. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Instead. Here. it is a most satisfying growing situation. a mint. an exceedingly long one. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. developed particularly for study. Still. Its plant list. for an old barn foundation of stone. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. < previous page page_101 next page > . Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
pot marjoram bugloss 27.S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. graveolens. celandine madder 79. crispum. white creeping thyme 97. pallasianus. golden marjoram 26.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Chelidonium majus. basilicum 56.Monarda didyma.T. viper's 65. purple variegated garden sage 85. nitidus.A.Melissa officinalis.Stachys grandifora 93.S. odoratissimum.Viola odorata. mosquito plant 19.M.Acinos alpinus. odorous thyme 104. silver thyme 105.Myrrhis odorata.Nepeta mussinii. bee balm lovage 20.A. rose sativa. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.O.Tanacetum vulgare var. sweet violet 40.Teucrium chamaedrys.Sium sisarum. didyma 'Rosea'. wild lemon basil ginger 16. 50.Achillea millefolium.Ocimum basilicum.-John'swort 91.P. rue 83. praecox subsp.O.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Marrubium vulgare.Ruta graveolens. pink 58. creeping veronica .Ranunculus ficaria.T.P.Stachys officinalis. absinthe 51.Geranium robertianum.T 'Argenteus'. rampion 81. rosemary 82. winter savory 88.Valeriana officinalis.Levisticum officinale. lesser 67.Rosmarinus officinalis. officinalis 'Tricolor'. skirret 90.Campanula persicifolia. plantain 80.P. 60.T. thyme 102.Euphorbia cyparissias. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Satureja montana.O. apple wormwood geranium 8.Sempervivum tectorum.Digitalis lanata. lemon thyme 100. yarrow herb Robert 4. sweet 53. 43. 44. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. beach 47. 66. wormwood germander 9. betony 92.Physalis heterophylla.Plantago major. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. bee balm57.T. pot marigold 25. dyer's woodruff broom 3.A. basilicum 'Minimum'. 64. onites. caraway thyme 103. variegated garden sage 87.Agastache cana. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. absinthium. 55.Hypericum perforatum.Veronica serpyllifolia. 48. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. crimson creeping thyme 96. foxglove 2. sweet cicely 94.Genista tinctoria.Thymus praecox subsp.Rubia tinctorum.Asarum canadense. 42. lemon 52. fern-leaf tansy 95. sweet 41. alpine savory 89.T. rose costmary campion 23. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. St. foxglove cypress spurge 21.O. Roman 46.Calamintha grandiflora.Hyssopus officinalis.49. French tarragon geranium 7. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. golden lemon thyme 99.T. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Galium odoratum. 'Clear Gold'. 'Purpurascens'. southernwood ground cherry 10.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 61. richardii subsp.Calendula officinalis.O.Lavandula angustifolia. camphorata. stellerana. camphor.Pelargonium crispum.Aloysia triphylla.A. majorana. abrotanum.Echium vulgare. lemon verbena 106. southernwood houseleek 12. woolly thyme 101. Grecian 59.Angelica archangelica. angelica lemon geranium 5. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.T. marsh mallow 13.Alchemilla vulgaris. herba-barona. × citriodorus. praecox subsp. basil blue hyssop 15. pontica. golden variegated garden sage 86. tomentosum. catmint 63.Lychnis coronaria.A. officinalis 'Aurea'.Artemisia dracunculus var. calamint valerian 24.A.T. 62. golden thyme 98.Althaea officinalis. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. purple basil English lavender 18.Pulmonaria officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'.Salvia officinalis.Agastache foeniculum.S.Viola tricolor. balm horehound 14.Digitalis purpurea.Campanula rapunculus. 45. garden sage 84. 54.
Chrysanthemum 74.Prunus pensylvanica.A. spicata.Helichrysum angustifolium. curry plant mullein 35.A. 71. cowslip 72. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. 114.Sorbaria sorbifolia. oxeye daisy mullein 36. × gentilis. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . chicory 70. spearmint 107. feverfew cinerariifolium. red mint comfrey 33.Atriplex hortensis. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. chervil 68.M. pineapple mint 31. wild 116. moth 113. orach115. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Lysimachia vulgaris. chamomile 30.Primula veris. evening 77.Mentha suaveolens.V.Allium sativum. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Oenothera biennis. tree onion 112.Laurus nobilis.Symphytum officinale. dyer's woad 110.Yucca filamentosa.Isatis tinctoria. 76. 73.Origanum dictamnus. garlic 111. apple mint 69.Chrysanthemum parthenium.M.Dianthus plumarius 75. Proliferum Group.29.Chamaemelum nobile. pin cherry 39.Anthriscus cerefolium.Veronica officinalis. × piperita var. veronica 108.cepa.Myrtus communis.Verbascum thapsus.M.Chrysanthemum 78.Cichorium intybus. citrata.Lilium candidum. yucca 109. Madonna lily leucanthemum.M. blattaria. suaveolens 'Variegata'. orange mint 32.Origanum vulgare. ostrowskianum 34.
Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. but not obvious. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. of good proportion for the size of the opening. not just hiding it. < previous page page_104 next page > . With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. A statue of St. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. A wheelshaped bed. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. Francis. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. its outline constructed of brick.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. white Justicia carnea. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. Cestrum nocturnum. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. poet's Solidago californica. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. labdanum Cistus crispus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. Vetiveria zizanioides. loquat Cichorium intybus. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Eleocharis dulcis. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. AREA VI japonica. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. Sidney Ephedra viridis. menthifolia. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. only those not found on other lists are noted here. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. lion's-ear prismaticum. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. Eriobotrya japonica. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. potato Brassica eruca. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. AREA IV Ixia maculata. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. cat Watsonia rosea. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides.
The damask rose 'Celsiana'. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. to name a few. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. or potpourri. One is a garden of legends. an "old rose" and fragrant. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. < previous page page_106 next page > . A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. but also for proper leaf size. emphasizes the circle. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. is a center of interest. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. The exterior brick path. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. not only for hardiness where needed. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. and a third a culinary garden. another a Mary garden. scented-leaf geraniums.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
black 23. 27. Artemisia absinthium. chamomile 3.Hedera helix. hyssop rose 9. Viola tricolor. chive bedstraw 16.19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. blue 18. Hyssopus officinalis. Johnny-jump.Ocimum basilicum.Allium schoenoprasum. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Alchemilla vulgaris. dill 11. absinthe 4. angelica 2. costmary 6.Salvia officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12.Ruta graveolens. white dead 24. sweet 21.Mentha spicata. pot 26. Anethum graveolens. lady's.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Crocus sativus. Linum usitatissimum. flax 17.20. garden up sage 10. English ivy rosemary 8. Chamaemelum nobile. Angelica archangelica.Lamium album.Rosmarinus officinalis. rue 28. English thyme 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Calendula officinalis.Galium verum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. yellow 25.Brassica nigra. saffron crocus marigold 7. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Origanum majorana. spearmint 22.Narcissus mustard 14. 1. pyrethrum 5.The number in each planting area is the key number. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.
< previous page page_108 next page > . biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic.
Artemisia absinthium. Myrrhis odorata. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. thyme Cnicus benedictus. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Russian 'Prostratus'. fastigiata. perennial flax Galium odoratum. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. spearmint Mentha × piperita. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. clove Marrubium vulgare. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. blue Lamium maculatum. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. bay Echeveria × imbricata. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. rue Malva alcea var. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. beach Monarda didyma. sweet Myrtus communis. Cotinus coggygria. lemon balm Mentha spicata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'.
millstones. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. Appropriately used as accents. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. simply on a smaller scale. too. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. and huge. This is a general rule observed. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. The generous use of edgings. features a closed knot of superior design. Viewed from the terrace garden. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. < previous page page_110 next page > .< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden.
Lavandula angustifolia subsp. cheddar pink 4. Landscape Architect. blue hyssop 3. dwarf box .Santolina virens. germander 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Teucrium chamaedrys. green santolina 6. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Hyssopus officinalis. 'Tiny Rubies'. The number in each planting area is the key number.S. Routine clipping is required. gray santolina 7. six feet in diameter. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. angustifolia 'Munstead'.A. Design plan of herb garden 1.L. that of good proportion. and the mulch.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. has its size dictated by a rule of design.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. of greater size than is commonly found. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. lavender 5. A.
Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. box Calycanthus fioridus. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. box Myrica pensylvanica. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. quince Magnolia virginiana. shadbush Salix caprea. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . goat willow Sassafras albidum. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. honey locust Cornus florida. japonica. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. dogwood Pinus nigra. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. plum Prunus maritima. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. black haw Prunus americana. beach plum Corylus avellana.
The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Currently. As a rule. 'Annie Hall' T. Lavandula. Salvia. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. herba-barona. 'Argenteus'. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. and a miscellany of others. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Doone Valley' . It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. silver thyme T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. doerfleri T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. praecox subsp. praecox subsp. However. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. arcticus 'Rosea' T. caraway thyme T. Rosmarinus. arcticus T. its plant material varied. leucotrichus T.
ramie . angustifolia 'Rosea' L. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. pine-scented rosemary R. praecox subsp. golden rosemary R. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. dentata. 'Clear Gold'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. greggii. blue sage S.T. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. heterophylla. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Aurea'. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia. crimson creeping thyme T. praecox subsp. golden thyme T. Mexican bush sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. golden variegated sage S. involucrata. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. woolly thyme T. leucantha. anise sage S. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. autumn sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustissimus. guaranitica. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. sweet lavender L. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. purple variegated garden sage S. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. English lavender L.
Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. used in salads or boiled. L. The house. for scrubbing pots. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Smith. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Primarily. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The apple trees. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Physostegia virginiana. Sium sisarum. balmony. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. to lure bees. Cheloneglabra. Prunella vulgaris. horsetail. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. constructed of brick made on the property. Hesperis matronalis. to sweeten the air. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. rupturewort. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. a well beside the house. obedient plant. Herniaria glabra. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. culinary. Circumstances determined these priorities. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. family needsmedicinal. Equisetum arvense. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. which were located between the water supply.
At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. while functional. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. too. too. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. for a few are in use now. < previous page page_116 next page > . Today. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
wisteria 13.Lonicera sempervirens. fig 6.Allium sativum. pomegranate 3.Laurus nobilis. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. southern laciniata. 15. rosemary 2.Pinus taeda. Banksia rose 14. Cape jasmine 10. garlic 9.Prunus angustifolia.Ficus carica. Gardenia jasminoides.Sambucus canadensis. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. 1.Rosa banksiae. yellow 12.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lagerstroemia indica. trumpet 11. 16.Lonicera flava. bay 7.Malus angustifolia.Wisteria frutescens.Syringa × persica var.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Punica granatum.
Italy. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. too. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. < previous page page_118 next page > . The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The effect would be quite different without them. Appropriately. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Xanthoriza simplicissima. sweet 64. basil chive 3.Nepeta cataria. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 26. myrtle 53. 37.Rosa laevigata. 54.Hyssopus officinalis.Hypericum perforatum. bee balm 28. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia. 61.Lonicera sempervirens.Monarda didyma.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. blue 44. 42. balm autumn crocus 2.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda punctata.Cornus florida.Sassafras albidum. pot 48.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lindera benzoin. 70. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Mentha spicata.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pinckneya pubens.Crocus sativus.Chimaphila umbellata. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Laurus nobilis.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Lilium candidum. blue 46. borage 31. 30.Agrimonia eupatoria.Asclepias tuberosa.Buxus sempervirens.Armoracia rusticana.Melissa officinalis.Paeonia officinalis. sativa. box chamomile 9. American holly 16.Acorus calamus.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum. clove 36.Calendula officinalis.Vinca minor.Galium odoratum.Gaultheria procumbens. black 29.Salvia officinalis.Verbascum thapsus. yarrow lungwort 22. 1.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum.Tanacetum vulgare. St.Mentha × piperita. 33. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Dipsacus sativus.Marrubium vulgare. 38.Dianthus caryophyllus.Elizabeth Lawrence. foxglove 41. fennel 40. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. white periwinkle spicebush 13. 63.Chamaemelum nobile.Colchicum autumnale.Ruta graveolens. gray santolina witch hazel 11. peppermint 52. dogwood horehound 18.57. 43. horsemint lobelia 23.Ilex vomitoria.Hamamelis virginiana. trumpet honeysuckle 4. garden sage 59.Ilex opaca.Populus balsamifera.Asarum virginicum. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. hyssop sassafras 20. rue 56. 50. lovage 35.Cimicifuga racemosa. sweet 27.Achillea millefolium. yaupon pink southernwood 12. catnip 34. 45.Mentha pulegium. wild ginger69. peony 51. mullein 49. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. 60.Lobelia siphilitica.Borago officinalis.Anethum graveolens. butterfly 32. 68.Digitalis purpurea. fuller's teasel 67.Calycanthus fioridus. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. dill 39.Rubus allegheniensis. great 47. spearmint 62. tansy 65.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet shrub 10. senna woodruff 15.Punica granatum. yellow-root 7.Cassia marilandica.Symphytum officinale. sweet flag marigold 24. agrimony 58. 66. saffron crocus 25. 55.Pulmonaria officinalis.
Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. preventives. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. This is true for the remedies. 1 T. and fragrances they developed. < previous page page_120 next page > . Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. In any event. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning.
foxglove 12.Monarda punctata. pot marigold 2.Lavandula angustifolia. English thyme rosemary 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil 13.Rosmarinus officinalis.Satureja montana. winter savory 4. horehound 15.Levisticum officinale.Viburnum prunifolium. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . catnip 16. 14.Pyrus communis. black haw 23. tansy 11.Salvia officinalis. lavender lovage 3.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. absinthe 9. quince 24. caraway 19. garden sage 8.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. English 10. peppermint 18. sweet marjoram 6.Tanacetum vulgare.Origanum majorana.Hyssopus officinalis. 1.Nepeta cataria.Mentha spicata. Calendula officinalis. blue hyssop 21. opium poppy 5.Marrubium vulgare.Cydonia oblonga.Papaver somniferum.Carum carvi. horsemint 20.Mentha × piperita.Digitalis purpurea. apothecary's rose 22.Artemisia absinthium. spearmint 17.
Thus it was for this garden. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. makes it something of a focal point. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. for example the large square bed with circular path. Allowed such freedom of expression. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. one dated 1759. The beds are used to achieve balance. from early Moravian settlements. the other 1761. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and bricks raise the beds. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and if the best has not always survived. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. centrally located. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. The main paths of brick unify the garden. Some could be used singly. often it is reconstructed. to study it. < previous page page_122 next page > . its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Shaded by hop vines. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage.
Campbell. A. .< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.L. Landscape Architect.S.A.
Anethum graveolens. balm chive 37.Hyssopus officinalis.Lagerstroemia indica. 48.Passiflora incarnata. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Allium sativum. 62. stock 50.Petroselinum crispum. columbine 29. blue 69.Tanacetum vulgare.Alcea rosea.Rosa eglanteria. lemon 64.Chamaemelum nobile.Dianthus caryophyllus. catnip 70. 52.Rosa gallica. garlic lungwort 36.Rosmarinus officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Rosa roxburghii. mugwort67.Cornusflorida.Gelsemium sempervirens. parsley 32. 74. 81.Artemisia absinthium.Amaranthus caudatus. sweet 55.Levisticum officinale.Silybum marianum.Celosia cristata. love.77.Tropaeolum minus. 68.Rumex acetosa. 80. orach 76. annual clary 3. dwarf nasturtium 13. garden nasturtium 12.Ocimum basilicum. eglantine Group. clary 30. Carolina jessamine 38. clove 53.Magnolia grandiflora. red pepper 20. 66.Salvia officinalis.Salvia sclarea.Origanum majorana.Aquilegia vulgaris. cabbage angustifolia. marsh mallow 7. daisy crape myrtle 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Althaea officinalis. caraway 72.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. absinthe 45.The number in each planting area is the key number.Narcissus poeticus.Vitis.Hydrangea quercifolia. chestnut rose 43. saffron peppermint crocus 35. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Cercis canadensis.Mentha spicata.Rheum rhabarbarum.Marrubium vulgare.Chrysanthemum parthenium. asparagus 31. lavender rose 21.Carum carvi. holy thistle 58.Nepeta cataria. fennel marjoram 28.Allium schoenoprasum.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosa centifolia.Cnicus benedictus. virgin's bower 40.Bellis perennis. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . hollyhock 51. 1.Rosa damascena.Inula helenium.Matthiola incana. autumn crocus 34.Asparagus officinalis.Consolida ambigua.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Artemisia abrotanum. polyanthus narcissus 60. tansy 6.Armoracia rusticana. poet's narcissus 61.Symphytum officinale. spearmint 57. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. French rose 18. betony 82.Nigella sativa.Clematis virginiana. corn poppy 79. blue 63. garden sage 15. rue 14.Atriplex hortensis. hyssop maypop 42. 54.Stachys officinalis.Achillea millefolium. borage 5. cockscomb 47. black cumin 46.Ficus.Narcissus tazetta.Crocus sativus. yarrow 4. dill 73. madder 16.Pulmonaria officinalis. elecampane 11.Ruta graveolens. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Rubia tinctorum.Tropaeolum majus. redbud 24. English thyme 2.Artemisia vulgaris. blessed thistle 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Borago officinalis. damask coriander rose 19.Papaver rhoeas. horehound 56.Saponaria officinalis. English 78.Colchicum autumnale. rhubarb 10. chamomile 17. basil moss rose 44. lovage 9. comfrey 33.Coriandrum sativum. sorrel 65.Mentha × piperita.Salvia viridis. rosemary49. grape larkspur 41.Lilium candidum. sweet 71. Madonna lily 59.Humulus lupulus.Rosa moschata.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. hop southernwood 39.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
This space was never adequate. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. it is proper to make a trial run. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Usually this is least desirable. even boggy. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Although some observations may seem obvious. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. A ravine and existing. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. the western. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Calluna (heather). This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. The lesser the scale. far from the house. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. The next most desirable exposure. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. and the north point is established. Thus. First. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible.
but it need not be identical. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. It was a pleasurable assignment. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. all four sides are so determined. The new herb garden has been located. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. < previous page page_126 next page > . and the property line on the last. a driveway on still another. The general outline is similar. certainly not precisely the same. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The outline is fixed. as the drawing on p. 127 indicates. single bed. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. Indeed.ground where drainage is better. and the search did not take long. another is close to the rear of the house. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Then.
With the plan established. something is amiss. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. In fact. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. then north. as in this case. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. In addition. this low wall will enclose the garden area. There was no . If. forming the outer boundary of the service path. Two drawings were required to work out problems. If all is well. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
however. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. and the finished edging would be effective. eight. However. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. At corners. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. the eight-foot length was more practical. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. In this area. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. In the earlier stage of planning. this was. In this case. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. a lapped joint was fashioned. not one completed in a weekend. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. A structural edging was in order. However. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. admittedly. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. . Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. the site required some leveling. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. Before edgings could be put in place.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
One is the ramp to the driveway. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Weeds. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. for they will likely have more traffic. Heavy black plastic. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. could serve this purpose. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. this same base underlies all the paths. selected for its simplicity. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. This method of treatment now guarantees . Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Paving for the terraced area is brick. leaves. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. filling the beds with soil was next.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. had been proof of that. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Aged compost. A choice of five colors was available. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Unfortunately. The pattern is running bond. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. but there are exits to different levels. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. sand.
Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. worth the added cost. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. However. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. on a trial run of one course of brick. even bed for the pavers.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers.
< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths. and the steps to other levels. Herbs have flourished in the beds. Sometimes called "rubble drains. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. In this instance. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. since that path borders the house. French drains. converging where it was logical to do so." their construction can be somewhat varied. the terraced area. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. . learned about decades earlier. for it would interfere with the drainage system.
< previous page page_130 next page > .
in tenths of an inch. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Its arrow points north and. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. in inches. often a wall or trellis. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. not necessarily referable to botanical species. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. is symmetrical. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. and so on. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. hundredths of an inch. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. a garden plan. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. sixteenths of an inch. for example. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . for example. and so on. casts the shadow for the hour. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. albula. having a variety of gradations. twelfths of an inch. E EllipseAn oval. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere.
GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. G GazeboA freestanding. roofed structure usually open on the sides.3. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. turf. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. heated especially by fermenting manure. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . also called rubble drain. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. ForthrightA straight course or path. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. rounded fragments of rock. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. M ManufactoryA factory. a flat.brick) in the same course. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Usually a few inches thick. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Pea gravelSmall. loose. a patterned garden. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. its compartments filled with flowers.3). French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. or colored earths. GrindstoneMillstone.
rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .
often planted with aromatic herbs. V VarietyA category below species. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. cutting. walls. ranking between species and variety. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. or steps. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. snug fit for walks. called also a hose cock.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. W Wall. R Rose. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. not treelike or with a single trunk. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Stone. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. TreillageLatticework for vines. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. < previous page page_132 next page > .
New York. Herbs and the Earth. Prof. The Cultivated Basils. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. John Philip. Herbals. Aurora. John E. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. T. Green Enchantment. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Bailey Hortorium. The Herb Garden. 1942. Daniel J. Sydney: B. Sevenoaks. Hanging Plants for Home. 1951. Erichsen-Brown. Independence. Clarkson. 1951. 1970. L. British Plants. 1966. W. H. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Coats. Garden City: Doubleday. 1963. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Crowe. London: Country Life.. ed. . 1980. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. The Small Garden. Cross. Liberty Hyde. Rosetta E. Park's Success with Herbs.. New York: E. Bardswell. Fox. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1938. 1957. Foley. and Louden. 1911. Edlin. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Batsford. Harriet Ballard. 1958. 1971. New York: Hawthorne Books. Darrah. Foster.C. London: Macmillan. Staff of. . New York: Dover. Room Outside. Julia S.: Geo. Toronto. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1933. . New York: G. Charlotte. Dutton & Co. Flannery. 1979. Behme. 1962. Helen H. Helen Morgenthau. 1976. Bailey. Alice Morse. Seal. John. Frances A. Peter. Park Seed Co.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber.. S. Mo. 14701670. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hortus Third. L. New York: Macmillan. Book of the Geranium. Earle. London: Marshall Cavendish. 1935. Beston. 1980. 1972. Gertrude B. Gertrude B. P. Carpenter. Margaret E. New York: Viking Press. Sylvia. Complements. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Terrace. New York: Crown Publishers. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. and Garden. New York: Macmillan.: Buckeye Printing Co. Herbsfor Every Garden. Brookes. H. Doran & Co. Agnes. Garden Design. New York: Viking Press. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1902. 1972. 1961. 1973. Rosemary F. 1977. New York: Macmillan. Kent: The Herb Farm. P. London. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Greenwood. 1944. New York: Macmillan. Roses. How Plants Get Their Names.. and Accessories.. London: Adam and Charles Black. Foster. Baumgardt. 1966. Putnam's Sons. Brownlow. Berrall. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Robert Lee. 1971. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. London: Saturn Press. Henry. Jot. 1982.
1952. Horace. Leighton. Mass. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Rosengarten. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property.: Chronica Botanica Co. 1974. Miller. Mrs. Claire. 1976. 1975. Vicenza.. New York: Viking Press. Division Billboard Publications. Amy Bess. 1969. 1979. P. 1982. Lawrence.. M. 1981. P. Krauss. Frances. Alice Recknagel. Lesch. Walter. ed. (1st American edition trans. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Roses of the World in Color. Carol. N. Alma. New York: Clarkson N. Lathrop. Waltham. London: Faber and Faber. 1911. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. and Back. Loewenfeld. Italy. Dorothy Bovee. The Art of Dyeing. Hamel. 1971. Sarah. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. The Berry Book. Paul B. 1978. Potter. Roy.. Hendrickson. 1973.. Boston. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. George H. Co. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1975. 1972.: Livingston Pub. 1969. New York: Macmillan. The Herb Garden. 1981. Ann. Pozza. New York: Dover. 2d ed. Patrick M. New York: E. 1964. New York: De La Mare. . New York: Macmillan. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. The Book of Spices. Wynnewood. A Garden of Herbs. Adelma G.. Landscaping with Vines. How to Select. Johnson. Kiaer. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. 1961. C. Rev. Muenscher. Tucson: H. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. chemist. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Johns. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. and Rice. New York: Macmillan. Norma Jean. 1976. 1959. Sylva. Mary U. Pa. 1970. New York: Van Nostrand. Modern Herbal. J. Dutton & Co. < previous page page_133 next page > . Early American Gardens. A. Brown & Co. Harold N. Bernard Hickey. M. Boston. Franco. Hay. Books. Ireys. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. and Synge. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1966. Herbs. Gardens in Winter. Frederic. Loewenfeld. 1970. Claire. Robert. New York: William Morrow and Co. New York: Dover. and Alma L. Howard. and Brunello. New York: Crown Publishers. Jr. Lawrence. Plants of the Bible. New York: Harper & Bros.. 1983. 1946. Philippa.Garland. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Cherokee Plants. A Biblical Garden. Myron. Grieve. Toronto: Little. Eigel. 1951.. Helen K.. Eleanour Sinclair. Vegetable Dyeing. 1938.: Herald Publishing Co. Moldenke. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Neri.. 1971.C. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. How to Landscape Your Grounds.) Rohde. Simmons. 1974. Flowers of the Field. Loyal R. London: George Routledge & Sons. Grow and Enjoy. Lerner. New York: William Morrow & Co. and Chiltoskey. McFarland.. Shaker Herbs. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Elizabeth. Jones.. New York: Doubleday.
A. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mrs. Charlotte. Charles L. 1972.. and Bell.. 1953. William T.. L. H. George. Hammond Crawford. C. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Indianapolis. Keebler. Mrs. ed. L. New York: Simon & Schuster. . Hale & Co. Jr. Alfred L. Griffin. Donald Paxton.. L.. T. Maxton Davies. 1976. William Radler. London: Phoenix House. Madalene Hill. William W. The Fragrant Garden. Martin's. Landscape Architecture. Louise Beebe. 1975. Norman. Plants of the Bible. Campbell. Austin R. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Pees. Zohary.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand.. Esther.. Thomas. Graham.S. Mrs. Bleecker. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.. Christopher. 1966. L. 1957. Mrs. Bradner. Boerner. Baker.A. Moffit. L. Jo Lohmolder. William C. Diane C. 1972. Webster. 1961. Taylor. New York: Farrar. Mrs. L. Thacker. ed. W. Frank M. Mrs. A. Leonie. John Ormsbee.A. White. Revised by Dr. Winthrop G.A. John. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.R.A.A. Vivian. William Y Dear. 1972.A. Sherry D. Ingersoll. Margaret Osborn Holt. L. McGarry. Smith. Boston: Ralph T. Giroux.. Yang. Gannaway. New York: St. The Fragrant Year. Herbs in the Garden.. Taloumis. Mrs. Benjamin McF. Jack Emil Geist. James C. L. New York: St. London: Phoenix House. Herbert G. New York. John Poinier. George T.A. Helen Noyes. Climbing Roses Old and New. Henry Gund. 1953. Mrs. A. Mrs.. Mrs. New York: McGraw-Hill. New York: Dover. Mrs. Michael. Marshall. A. Jr.. Philip Batchelder. Mrs. and Mrs. 1976. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Mrs. 1967. Building Stone Walls. Graham Stuart. New York: Hafner. . Stuart.. New ed. Martin.A. 1982.L.The Old Shrub Roses. and Robert B.A. L. Marion E. 1974. Elisabeth W. 1979. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Katherine S. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. L. Mr. Neil Hamill Park.S. Sandy Hicks.. 1931. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Susan W. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.A. Mrs. Virginia B. Charles Patch. Weber. Amy Bess Miller. Rev. New York: William Morrow & Co. Nelva M. William T. Mrs. L.. Botanical Latin. Raymond V. A. Leonard Dreyfuss. 1965. 1979. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Stearn. Mrs. Z. The History of Gardens. Robert G. Martin's Press...A. Melissa R.L. F. The Shakespeare Garden. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Martha Dahlen. Peter M. Straus. L. Vt. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.A. . Lucile Teeter Kissack. Morss.A. Stearn. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. A. New York. Vera Breed. L.A. Bates. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Jr.A.. Container Gardening Outdoors. Mrs. Lamm. Rhoda Specht. 1942. .. Wilson. Helen Van Pelt. Berkeley Brandt. Malcolm. Elizabeth Lawrence.. 1962. Associate. L. Robert K. Linda. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Price. James D. Mrs. Fragrance in the Garden.D. Mrs.A. Shrub Roses of Today.L. Wilder.. Singleton. Mrs. Tarantino. Hines.S.. Meyer. Mrs. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Bush. New York: Doubleday. Plimpton. Barbara Capen. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Cozart..A. W T. Mrs. 1979.: Garden Way. Paxton. Bynam. Mrs.
John A. Architect. Lawrence Schetky. Frederick E. Elbert Smith. Talbot III. Christopher Spencer. Roberts. and Mrs. James S. N.. Pawtucket. The Country Doctor Museum. R. Cleveland. Milton C.. Smith (Ann Leighton)... Ohio. Western Reserve Herb Society. Winston-Salem. Mrs.. Mrs. Old Salem.. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.I. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Atlanta Historical Society. Linda Yang. Hales Corners. Bailey.. Wisc. Skinner.. Inc. Milton Stricker. Mrs. N. Weeks Brick House. Christopher Rady. Greenland.. University of Michigan. Semple. Tullie Smith House Restoration. G. N. Joe H. L.C.C.. Atlanta. Ann Arbor.Rady. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America..A. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. civic. Eric Duke Scott. L. Mass. Mich. Plain Dealer Photo. Isadore L. Lansing. Michigan State University. Inc. Mrs. Rose. Ga. Ark. Shaker Community. The following provided historical. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Booker Worthen.. Mrs. Mrs. Walter Rebmann. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Linda Yang. Derthick. L. Matthew Miksch House. Hancock. Timothy Procter Ruh. Mrs. Little Rock. Mich. Wilcox. Kingwood Center. Swanson. Gayle. Whitman. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Faith H. Edmund G.A.A. Jean Ruh. Eloise andJo Ray. Mrs.. Joan E.. Nathan Sameth. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Helen M.H. James F. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mansfield. Harper. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mr. L. L. Ohio. Hancock Shaker Village. Mrs. Old Slater Mill Museum.A..
floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. azoricum. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. C. A. officinalis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. E. barbadensis A. A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . A. Y smalliana Agrimonia. maritima L. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Narcissus triandrus. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Myrrhis odorata.
melongena var. ludoviciana var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. laevis Rhododendron . P. false Galium aristatum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. grandiflorus Melissa M.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. acerifolium. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. lycopersicum. albula A. Lamium album Viburnum. F. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. officinalis Populus. podagraria Asparagus A. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. P. Solanum aculeatissimum S. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. G. Monarda didyma Crataegus. M. V. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. officinalis. V. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. S. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
< previous page page_136 next page > .
P. oleracea. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Mertensia virginica. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. coronaria . cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha Symphytum S. M. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. deltoides Campsis radicans. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. B. vulgaris A. angustifolia. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster.
pseudonarcissus miniature N. coronaria.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. B. M. C. V. ioensis Vaccinium. verna. N. angustifolia. M. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . alpinum R. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Italian D Daffodil M. B. macrocarpon. sativum R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. maculatum G. V. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. alpinum R.
Sansevieria. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. triphyllum . x superbum Hemerocallis. Hosta H. R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. H. lilioasphodelus H. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. T officinale Bellis.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. obtusifolius Rumex R. C. lilioasphodelus. A. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. frutescens C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. crispus. rivieri. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. obtusifolius R. D. acetosa. R. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Ferocactus latispinus. A.
esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. N. Helichrysum. N. C. Antennaria. azoricum Nigella. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Senecio cineraria. damascena. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. ragusina. pungens Sambucus S. Gnaphalium. C. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. S. Centaurea cineraria.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . N. gymnocarpa. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. arvensis. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Lychnis coronaria.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
usitatissimum L. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. carica F. Osmunda. O. regalis Adiantum. perenne .× germanica I. versicolor. I. A. I. P. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. L. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. carica Corylus C.
sphaerocephalum A. I. Pelargonium. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. P. purpurea D. Fumaria C. lutea Allium sativum A. tuberosum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . odoratissimum P. × limoneum P. × hortorum P. sativum var. quercifolium P. sylvatica Digitalis D. neapolitanum A. lanata D. × germanica Myosotis M. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. scorodoprasum A. grossularioides P radens P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris.
canadense. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. pratensis . chamaedrys T. capitatum P. T. crispum P. Z. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. × jatrophifolium P. A. glutinosum. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. P. quercifolium P. denticulatum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. tomentosum P. graveolens P. A. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. Tragopogon. canadense T. × nervosum P. T. scabrum P graveolens P. × citrosum P. officinale Z.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P.
Oxalis deppei. torquata E. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. Vitis monticola. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. nervosa V. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. M. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. V.
golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.
< previous page
next page >
Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Ophiopogon L. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. majalis Liriope.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. G. L. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Pulmonaria . C. triacanthos G. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Lythrum. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. W.
lucida .blue M Mace. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. patula Calendula officinalis T. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. M. M. erecta T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. Malva. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. tenuifolia T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. erecta T. C. pedatum Hibiscus. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. Malva. alcea var. grandiflora M. A. erecta T.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
suaveolens 'Variegata' . Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. piperita var. R. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. citrata M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. citrata M. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. × piperita var. S. Astrantia. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. Spiraea alba. aquatica var. A. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. onites O. vulgare O. vulgare O. odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata. majorana O. citrata M. requienii M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. dictamnus O. suaveolens M. majorana O. major. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. crispii M. × piperita var.
M. A. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. × gentilis M. V. communis. Umbellularia californica. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . vulgaris A. rubra M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. thapsus V. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. lactiflora Morus M. Myrtus. olympicum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. alba Verbascum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. V. Azolla caroliniana. Myrrhis odorata.
P. V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. minus T. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . majus T. poeticus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. nudum. tazetta Tropaeolum T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. L. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. V. album L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago.
Proliferum Group A. C. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. I. telephium Iris × germanica var. vulgare var. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. fragrans O. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. cepa A. hortensis A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. fistulosum Atriplex. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa. cepa. A. O. florentina. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. A. Castilleja californica. fistulosum A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. S. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fragrans Allium. Scilla verna.
sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. neopolitanum Pastinaca. P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . patens. crispum var. P. A. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. lactiflora P lactiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. crispum P. pulsatilla Passiflora P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. A. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var.
Grossum Group C. Longum Group C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. C. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Longum Group Capsicum. P frutescens Catharanthus. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. C. Chenopodium. frutescens C. C. C. annuum. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. annuum. Piper C. annuum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. retroflexus. C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Conoides Group Capsicum. roseus C. paniculata P. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. Marsilea Perilla. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. A.
umbellata var. Silene laciniata. umbellata var. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. alpinus D. caryophyllus D. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. americana . Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. P salicina P angustifolia.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. C. gratianopolitanus D. × paradisiaca. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. angustifolia var. plumarius D. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. nigra P strobus P taeda P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. C. taeda P. Plantago P. Prunus japonica. watsonii P maritima P. M. taeda Chimaphila. plumarius. officinalis Dianthus D. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. P.
californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. vulgare Lithospermum. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. rhoeas P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. balsamifera P. S. 0. biennis P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. E. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia.
Diplotaxis. pepo C. rhabarbarum R. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. canadensis C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. Hesperis . C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. sativum var. coccineum C. A. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. R. pepo Portulaca. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. P. C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C.
× borboniana R. × harisonii R. × borboniana Kerria. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. spinosissima R. laevigata R. R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. banksiae R. Rubus coronarius R. damascena 'Bifera' R. centifolia R. canina R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. canina. sativa Rosa R. damascena R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. moschata . × borboniana R. gallica R. chinensis 'Minima' R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. Rosa chinensis R.
chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. R. angustissimus R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. microphylla S. Salvia hierosolymitana . greggii S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. sclarea S. Rosmarinus. rugosa R. officinalis S. guaranitica S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. pitcheri S. × rehderana R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. S. caerula. azurea subsp. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. setigera R. officinalis Limonium R. clevelandii S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp.
chamaecyparissus S. montana Scabiosa S. guaranitica S. neapolitana S. virens. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. S. elegans S. chamaecyparissus S. leucantha S. P. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. A. T. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. C. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. hebecarpa. halimus Crithmum maritimum. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. marilandica Amelanchier . maritimum E. Salicornia. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. viridis S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. leucophylla S. S.
Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
biflorum . G. P. nivalis Lamium album. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. C. coggygria C. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. coggygria Cotinus. coggygria. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. P. V. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. americana. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P.
pyrenaicum. H. E. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. O. O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . patulum. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. scutatus R. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. japonica Sorbaria.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. acetosa. R. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. H. L. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. officinalis thyme-leaved V. Ornithogalum arabicum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. crassipes O. V. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. S.
crispum T. vulgare var. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. chiloensis F. vesca F. perennis. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. O. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. incana M. vesca F. floridus Philadelphus . dracunculus var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. incana M. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. vulgare var.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. M. T vulgare T. O. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. C. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R.
'Argenteus' T. laevigata Eupatorium. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . sativus Cirsium Cnicus. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. T. Silybum marianum S. marianum S. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. sylvestris D. pallasianus T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. marianum S. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. C. × citriodorus T. A. E. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. 'Clear Gold' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. arcticus T. benedictus. maritima Thymus. phaenopyrum C. praecox T. 'Broad-leaf English' T.
peruviana P. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . lycopersicum L. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. P. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. sanctum O. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Coreopsis Linaria. cerasiforme. Physalis peruviana L. noli-tangere. lycopersicum var. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. C. lycopersicum var. I.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. P. L. alata Lycopersicon. sanctum Tulipa T. pruinosa. praecox subsp.
Chimaphila. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. cornuta 'Alba' V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. P. C. canina. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. C. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. officinalis Polemonium. odorata V. caprea . V riviniana Viola odorata V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. odorata V. V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. caeruleum Clematis. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana.
Corydalis sempervirens A. Stachys .pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. V. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. S. ambrosioides Artemisia. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. W. camphorata A. Vanilla barbellata A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. frigida A. pontica. caprea. Gaultheria procumbens. annua A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. gmelinii A. nudum Isatis I. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. verticillata Chimaphila. I. absinthium A.
ageratum A. simplicissima Cladrastis. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. tomentosa Ilex cassine. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. millefolium A. I. filipendulina A. taygetea A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. vomitoria I. C. lutea. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. X. × media 'Hicksii' T.
theophrasti Acacia A. monkshood helmut flower. calamus Adiantum A.. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. cana A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. napellus Acorus A. h.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. fragrant g. Indian mallow. thousand-seal. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. maidenhair American maidenhair. foeniculum Agave A. breviflora A. monkshood flowering maple. calamus maidenhair fern. butter-print. yarrow sneezeweed. Indian mallow China jute.. five-finger f. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. blue giant hyssop. maidenhair fern. pedatum Agastache A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. fourcroydes sweet flag. alpinus Aconitum A. lion's tail anise hyssop. parlor m. longifolia Achillea A. taygetea A. nose-bleed. fennel g. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A.. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. ageratum A. h. sanguinary. millefolium A.
alpina A. flavum A.. vulgaris Allium A. karataviense A. senescens var. sativum var. fistulosum A.. schoenoprasum A. purple c. two-bladed o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. tree o. christophii A. serpent garlic chive. Japanese bunching o. Rosenbachianum A. sisalana Agrimonia A. sativum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . reptans Alcea A. lily leek daffodil garlic. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. neapolitanum A. giganteum A. Pulchellum A. moly A. ciboule. rosea Alchemilla A.. scorodoprasum A. cive. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. ostrowskianum A. flowering o. hemp plant agrimony.A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle.. garlic rocambole. ophioscorodon A. Spanish o. githago Ajuga A. cocklebur. sisal hemp. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o.
Barbados a. shad. garlic c. blanda A. officinalis Anemone A. triphylla Althaea A. Curasao a. hupehensis var. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. officinarum Anchusa A. Oriental garlic . canadensis Amsonia A. pulsatilla Anethum A. barbadensis Aloysia A. japonica A.. marschalliana A.. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. officinalis Amaranthus A. shadbush.glaucum A. white m. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. medicinal a. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. archangel. juneberry. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. sphaerocephalum A. bugloss alkanet. caudatus Amelanchier A. cerefolium chervil angelica. bugloss windflower. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A.. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. tinctoria Anthriscus A. tuberosum Aloe A.
alpina 'Alba' A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens var. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. chrysantha A. graveolens A.Apium A. European crowfoot bearberry.
Ludoviciana var. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. albula A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. mugwort. maritima Armoracia A. asarabacca wild ginger. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. creashak green-dragon. gmelinii A. pink or white horseradish. bear's grape. dracunculus var. pontica A. triphyllum subsp. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. old man southernwood absinthe. arborescens A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . lactiflora A. red cole sagebrush. sativa A. hog cranberry. triphyllum A. wormwood southernwood. europaeum A. stewardsonii Armeria A. kinnikinick. mealberry. sea pink thrift. rusticana Artemisia A. dracontium A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. canadense A. camphorata A. annua A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. sandberry.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. frigida A. mountain box. virginicum bearberry.
vulgaris Beta milkweed. Chinese silk plant. yellow r. hortensis B Baptista B. mustard . s. c. wild indigo. i.. australis B. wild blue i. plains f. c. tinctoria Barbarea B.Asclepias A. B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. papyrifera Boehmeria B. officinalis Astrantia A. tuberroot. major Atriplex A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. silkweed. butterfly flower butterfly weed. rocket. wild indigo blue false indigo. talewort. ruby s. pleurisy root. ruby s. upland cress winter cress. garden o. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry.. piprage beet swiss chard. mountain spinach false indigo. jaundice berry. c. vulgaris. saltbush orach. vulgaris Bellis B. cool-tankard cole. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. orach sea orach. perennis Berberis B. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. China grass borage borage. c. tuberosa Asparagus A. halimus A. s. rattleweed winter cress. nivea Borago B.
grandiflora Calendula C. floridus Campanula C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. microphylla 'Nana' B. pineapple s. white-flowered k.. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.. officinalis Calycanthus C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla var. carpatica C.B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. sempervirens B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. eruca B. koreana B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. strawberry s.
p. s. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . green p.. C.. trumpet vine.. p. green p. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. persicifolia C. o.. p. o. p. p. p. p. red p.C. s. sweet pepper. o. chili p. p. p. bell p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. rapunculus Campsis C. p. pimento sweet pepper s. o. o. p. p. s. trumpet flower. o. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. cow-itch. crown plant trumpet creeper.
'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. false saffron. ovata Cassia C. garden c. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. illinoinensis C. tinctorius Carum C. deodara Celosia C. shellbark h.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. Madagascar periwinkle.... Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. carvi Carya C. frutescens Carthamus C. canariensis Cedrus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. bastard s. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Tabasco p. red p. celandine celandine turtlehead.. Russian c. nobile Chelidonium C. senna. capsicum p.. cristata Cercis C. Tabasco-sauce p. snakehead . roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. majus Chelone cayenne p. marilandica Catharanthus C. chili p.
× superbum Cichorium C. crispus C. parthenium C. American w.. Robert Brydon' C.. wax flower. wormseed. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. frutescens C. dwarf 1. Dalmatia p. Chinese dwarf 1. umbellata Chionanthus C.. mint geranium. Spanish t. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. ambrosioides C. virgilia virgin's bower. virginiana balmony goosefoot. leather flower.. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. virgin's bower. racemosa Cistus C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. fat hen ambrosia.C. pigweed Mexican tea. glabra Chenopodium C. botrys Chimaphila C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. pyrethum. wintergreen. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. devil's-darning- . Meyer 1. alecost pyrethrum. rattletop black cohosh. cinerariifolium C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. coccineum C. bonus-henricus C. lutea Clematis C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. red-leaved chicory bugbane. ladanifer Citrus C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. leather flower. leucanthemum C. balsamita C. feather geranium. intybus Cimicifuga C. barbe-de-capuchin. old-man's-beard costmary.
benedictus Coix C. orientalis Convallaria C. avellana Cotinus C. sativum Cornus C. smokebush smoke tree. ambigua C. Chinese parsley dogwood. cneorum Coptis C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. trifolia Coreopsis C. quick-set. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . thorn.. autumnale Comptonia C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. smokebush. laevigata C. arkansana C. florida Corylus C. apiculatus Crataegus C. peregrina Consolida C. majalis Convolvulus C.needle Cnicus C. thorn apple. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. smoke plant. coggygria Cotoneaster C. Venetian sumac. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. red haw hawthorn English h.
C.. speciosus C. × allwoodii D. citratus Cytisus C. sativus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. gracilis Dianthus D. oblonga Cymbopogon C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. speciosus 'Albus' C. scoparius C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. West Indian 1. angustifolius C. kotschyanus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. sempervirens Cydonia C. sieberi C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . maritimum Crocus C.. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur.
burning bush. sativus D. lanata D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. spectabilis Dictamnus D. carnation. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. grandiflora D. sylvestris Doronicum D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. gas plant. × imbricata Echium clove pink. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D.
scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. vulgare Elaeagnus E. ironbark. J. gum tree. S. rugosum v. californica Eucalyptus E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. sea eryngo California poppy C. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. b. arvense E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. perfoliatum E. jacinth. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. epimedium barrenwort.E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E.. japonica Eryngium E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. dulcis Endymion E. pungens Eleocharis E. blueweed. hyemale Eranthis E. sea holm. poppy eucalypt. Australian gum. torquata Euonymus E. Japanese medlar. plum eryngo sea holly. viridis Epimedium E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot .
finocchio. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. a. imperialis Fumaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. major Fragaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. a. assafoetida Ficus F. cyparissias F Ferula F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . vulgare subsp. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. alpine s.s. vulgare F.Euphorbia E.s. sow-teat s. vulgare F.s. chiloensis F. ulmaria F. vulgare var. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. a. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vulgaris Foeniculum F.
hederacea Gleditsia G. cleavers white bedstraw. robertianum Glechoma G. germanica G. mock p. spotted c. wild c. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. Carolina yellow j. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. gardenia. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. honey locust. pulegioides American pennyroyal.F. checkerberry. alumroot herb Robert. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. odoratum G. vernalis H. tinctoria Geranium G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. false baby's-breath woodruff. woodwaxen. mollugo G. our-lady's-b. field balm.. hexapetala G Galanthus G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. verum Gardenia G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. ground ivy. nivalis Galium G. woodroof yellow bedstraw.. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. mountain tea. virginiana Hedeoma H.. dyer's greenweed. runaway robin. maculatum G. sweet w. Capejasmine wintergreen. triacanthos Gossypium G. Carolina jasmine G.. red Robin . sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom.. teaberry. jasminoides Gaultheria G.
< previous page page_149 next page > .
hibiscus kenaf. rose m. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. rose-of-China.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. daylily . mallow. giant m.. corsicus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. bastard jute. angustifolium H. arborescens Helleborus H. lemon d. Indian hemp. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. lilioasphodelus H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. Chinese hibiscus. Hawaiian h. foetidus H. turnsole heliotrope.. orientalis Hemerocallis H. bimli j.. flavescens Helenium H. China rose. × luteola Herniaria H. lividus subsp. blacking plant plantain lily. licorice plant heliotrope. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket... garland 1. curry plant false licorice. niger H. glabra Hesperis H. bimlipatum j. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. atrorubens H. cannabinus H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. matronalis Hibiscus H. Deckaner h.. sweet r. Deccan h.
orangeroot. horned h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. quercifolia Hydrastis H. box-leaved h. navelwort gotu kola St.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. perforatum Hyssopus H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. rose h. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I.-John's-wort St. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. box-leaved h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. lupulus Hydrangea H.. . European h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort.-John's-wort St. white h. patulum 'Sungold' H. I. crenata var. asiatica Hypericum H.
woad dyer's woad. capensis Indigofera I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. × germanica var..I. African corn lily corn lily orris. touch-me-not jewelweed. vomitoria 'Nana' I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. horizontalis creeping j. tinctoria Ixia I.. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. opaca I. helenium Ipomoea I. water f. crested dwarf i. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. 'Great Lakes' I. maculata J Jasminum J. wilsonii Impatiens I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . tinctoria Inula I. alba Iris I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. chinensis var. glabra I. cristata I. crested i. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. J. florentina I. pseudacorus Isatis I. spotted t. yellow flag. virginiana red cedar jasmine.. officinale Juniperus J. snapweed. jewelweed.
maculatum L... brandegeana shrimp plant J.. indica Lamium L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. nobilis Lavandula L.Justicia water willow J. plume flower. angustifolia subsp. sweet bay laurel. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. dentata L. flamingo p. paradise p. n. album L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. d. king'scrown L Lactuca L. carnea Brazilian-plume. dumb nettle. n. dentata var. plume plant. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . bay. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. white d. angustifolia L.
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
lovage privet. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. aestivum Levisticum L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. blue cardinal flower . marsh rosemary. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. hedge plant privet. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. benzoin Linum L. muscari Lobelia L. candidum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. summer s.. perenne L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. officinale Ligustrum L. pepperwort. statice statice toadflax spicebush.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. sativum Leucojum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L.
catchfly mullein pink. satin flower honesty. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. honesty.L. maritima L. penny f. europaeus Lysimachia L. gypsywort. annua Lychnis L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. vulgaris Lythrum L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. coronaria L. money plant. virginiana sweet alyssum. stellata M. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. coral h. sempervirens Lunaria L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. lycopersicum var. cordata Magnolia M. silver-dollar. grandiflora M. lycopersicum var. flava L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. moonwort. campion. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay .. coronaria 'Alba' L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia.
Virginia c... vulgare Matthiola M. incanum M. angustifolia M. imperial stock balm lemon b. longifolia M. fastigiata Marrubium M. × piperita var. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.Mahonia M. aquatica M. Virginia b. bee b. apple m. musk m. gillyflower.. stock stock. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. American crab. Oregon g. × piperita M. alcea var. holly barberry. pennyroyal Corsican m. lemon m. horsemint . menthella. bergamot m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. sweet b. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot.. mountain g. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. white h. b. × gentilis M. citrata M. curly m. bluebells... incana Melissa M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. 'Eau de Cologne' M. hupehensis Malva M. cowslip. holly mahonia. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. requienii M. blue barberry apple. pineapple m... aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. Brampton stock. lungwort bluebells. holly g. Scotch m.. officinalis Mentha M. 'Guiding Star' M. pulegium M.
b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. citriodora M. menthifolia M. Swedish m. fistulosa M. textilis Myosotis M. sylvatica Myrica M. winter purslane. white b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. anise.. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. white bee balm pink b. punctata Montia M. sweet cicely. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. banana abaca. b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. pink b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > .M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. odorata Myrtus M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. fistulosa var. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. b. myrrh. red m. Oswego tea. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. swamp c. American m. Greek myrtle. candleberry.
< previous page
next page >
N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . cowslip self-heal self-heal. Jerusalem cowslip white p. Jerusalem sage. Americana P.. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. trifoliata Populus P. elatior P. maritima P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. hardy orange poplar. five-finger shrubby c. heal-all. pasture b. persica Pteridium P. all-heal salad burnet. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. sand p. tacamahac cinquefoil. angustifolia P.. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P.Poncirus P.. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. balsam p. aspen. hog-pasture b. sieboldii 'Alba' P. golden hardhack. lungwort blue 1. pensylvanica P. hackmatack. brake. vulgaris Prunus P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. domestica P. widdy shrubby c. nepalensis P. granatum Pyrus P. brake bracken. veris Prunella P.
China r. sativum Rosa R. banksiae R. small c.. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. 'Cinderella' R. alpinum R. stellata R Ranunculus R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. moss r. . moss r. luteola Rhamnus R.. fairy r. dog r.. dyer's rocket rhubarb. chinensis 'Minima' R. pygmy r. dog b. garden c. canina R. purshiana Rheum R.. crowfoot lesser celandine. gooseberry alpine c. brier Banksia r. sweetbrier French r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. rose. brier r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. eglantine. mountain c. autumn damask r. ficaria Reseda R. York-and-Lancaster r. typhina Ribes R.Quercus Q. pilewort mignonette weld. eglanteria R.. pie plant. × borboniana R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. garden r.. gallica damask r. cabbage r. red currant. Bourbon r.
officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. r. roxburghii R. climbing r. polyantha r. musk r. bitter d. 'Schneezwerg' R. madder bramble blackberry.'Officinalis' R.. obtusifolius R. Scotch r. Harison's yellow r. setigera R. spinosissima R. angustissimus R. hirta Rumex R. Turkestan r. French sorrel rue . climbing r. × harisonii R.. burnet r. laevigata R. wichuraiana R.. rugosa R. × rehderana R. dock s. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. chinquapin r.. sorrel. rosemary white r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. tinctorum Rubus R. golden p. acetosa R. chestnut r. rosemary pine-scented r. garden sorrel broad dock. Cherokee r. prairie r. moschata R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. prostrate rosemary. snowdwarf memorial r. Japanese r.
< previous page page_153 next page > .
gray sage. leucantha S. American e. Mexican bush s. osier goat willow. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. variegated garden s. canadensis willow. guaranitica S. clary annual clary elder. caerula S. viridis Sambucus S. caprea Salvia S. microphylla S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. s. involucrata S. purple g. elderberry American e. purple variegated garden s. clevelandii S. argentea S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. sclarea S. golden g. garden s. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. leucophylla S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. bloodroot red puccoon. elegans S. pussy willow sage. greggii S. s. bloodroot rue .
pinnata S. roof h. telephium Sempervivum S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.. hemp plant snake plant. lucky plant. marianum Sium S. morganianum S. trifasciata Santolina S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. mourning-bride stonecrop. Mary's t. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. jasminoides S.. milk t. canadensis Sansevieria S. sweet s. live-forever houseleek. St. officinalis Sassafras S. neapolitana S. mad apple . virens Saponaria S. good-luck plant. skirret potato vine eggplant. devil's tongue. hortensis S. live-forever houseleek. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. hen-and-chickens. melongena var. atropurpurea Sedum S... montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. albidum Satureja S. blessed t. sisarum Solanum S.Sanguisorba S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. tectorum Silybum S. pincushion flower pincushions. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. orpine donkey's tail orpine.
reticulata var. erecta marigold African m. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. lutea Stokesia S. × persica var.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. grandiflora S. officinale S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. woundwort lamb's-ears. laciniata Persian lilac S. byzantina S. big m. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. laevis Symphytum S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. patula melongene. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. americana Stachys S. californica Sorbaria S. lilac .. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. Aztec m. hedge nettle. officinale Syringa S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. vulgaris 'Addie V. sorbifolia Sorbus S..
tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. culinary golden lemon t. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. marum Thuja T. 'Argenteus' T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. dense y. filifolia T. tansy tansy.T. vulgare T. upright y.. signet m. 'Broad-leaf English' T. .. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. procumbent g. carnosus T. lucida T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. sweet mace French m. dwarf m. officinale Taxus T. wood sage germander dwarf. lemon t. yew conical y. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. germander American g. canadense T.. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. fruticans T. vulgare var. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. occidentalis Thymus T. crispum Taraxacum T. columnar y.
< previous page page_154 next page > .
t. creeping t. wishbone flower. nitidus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. jasminoides Tragopogon T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T.. odorus t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. pallasianus T. praecox T. crimson c. . doerfleri T. herba-barona T. not culinary French t. pratensis Trichostema T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. t. praecox subsp. serpyllum T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T.. lanatum Trifolium T. leucotrichus T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. lemon t. confederatej. nummularius T. red c. romero clover red clover star jasmine. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. glabrescens T. zygis Torenia T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. woolly thyme creeping t. caraway t. richardii subsp. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t.
speedwell. majus T. tawny orange t. laevifolium Valeriana V. officinalis V. angustifolium var. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. pale yellow Darwin t. early. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. velvet p. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. flannel plant. nettle stinging n. farfara U Urginea U. serpyllifolia nasturtium. 'General de Wet' T. maritima Urtica U. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t.. 'Sweet Harmony' T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. officinalis Verbascum V. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. blattaria V. clusiana T. 'Blizzard' T. canadensis Tulipa T. huckleberry. blueberry. thapsus Veronica V.. water-lily t. species t. red s. Indian cress dwarf n. mullein mullein. tall n. . squill. minus Tsuga T.Tropaeolum T. tarda T. cranberry. dioica V Vaccinium V. olympicum V. kaufmanniana T. bitter Indian garden n.
. prunifolium Vinca V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. nannyberry. khus-khus. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. acerifolium V. ladies-delight. lesser p. odorata V.Vetiveria V. tricolor V.. lutea 'Splendens' V. running m. canina V. minor Viola V. myrtle. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. possum haw . viola white viola blue viola teaberry. heartsease. sheepberry.. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. withe-rod vetiver. maple-leaved viburnum. violet dog violet horned v. × wittrockiana Vitis V. cassinoides V. heartsease pansy. zizanioides Viburnum V. sweet h. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. arrowwood. carlesii V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.
Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle. ginger.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.