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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.

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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

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17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. responded with delight. and I have had the pleasure of advising. wheedling. Ginny had done some writing. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. alterations. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. Again they revised. and the experience provided the final section of the book. seven years ago. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. whether all their labor was to no avail. It needs no sequel. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. This was not to be. and record every detailall of the failures. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. This they did. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. with sparkling enthusiasm. for they had no model and no guide. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. successes. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. With false starts and honest stops. punching. pushing. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. bereft of hope. more of them exist to serve as examples. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. The turning point came when. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. carefully chosen. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . Their energy and charm caught me up. especially poetry. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. build it. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and the publisher. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Then. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings.

Some of these were created by landscape architects. without accompanying commentary. or by contributors. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. English thyme. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Italics are always used for botanical names. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. by their owners. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. The herb garden designs alone. specialty. and educational purpose. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. and these are capitalizedfor example. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. we completed a test garden. historical interest. the authors. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. although countless common names exist. . hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. former generic names. We. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Likewise. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Not all plants used are herbs. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. A range of essential factors is considered herein. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. 1969 and 1980. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. while others were prepared by landscape designers." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. To achieve this. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. degree of maintenance required. rather. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols.

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Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Nell Neff. Finally. and August Frugé. Jo Lohmolder. as expediter and typist. Trudi Bela. Herbert J. Susan Frugé. Betty Rea. Wanda Ritchie. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. and the horticulturist. Rady. Derthick. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands.. Eleanor Gambee. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Weatherhead. Recognition is due Robert B.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. We are grateful to many. which made possible the completion of our text. Keebler and the late Everest P. and Joanna Reed. librarian. FAITH H. has given us valuable information. M. Lee Buss. His assistant. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. former director of same. have also been of assistance. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. has been especially helpful over the years. A lecturer on herbs. Alexander Apanius. and Rexford Talbert. Swanson and Robert B. Richard T. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information.D. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Special thanks are due James C. She has served. too. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. president. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. past presidents. and Elizabeth Bryce. The late Raymond C. former managing editors. Alice Skelsey. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Isaacson. Genevieve Jyurovat. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

a front dooryard." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. new plants. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. temples of worship. to increase the value of the property. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. or an abandoned. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. some of which are evergreen. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. new ways of seeing." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. and hedges will have been located. Its interest is independent of flowers. As one constantly reinforces the other. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. the north point will have been indicated. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round." A good design does not "happen. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Perennial herbs. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. and decisions must not be left to chance. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. If no . not at all difficult to maintain. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. lay out a plan of the property. and structures. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. In order to create a fine garden design. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. As Henry Beston reflects. fences. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. "Not difficult to plan. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. partially excavated area. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic.

which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here. and hedges. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > .

Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. too. to locate the house. In this example. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. The object is to . In the absence of a survey map. A deed description. Next. such as the one illustrated here. but with all needed information. measurements are in engineer's scale. measure to locate the house. Here. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. too. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. Other areas may require a smaller scale. will give the lot or acreage measurements. other significant structures. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. and the driveway. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted.

but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. enclosures. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. The smaller the scale. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. paths. triangleof inexpensive plastic. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. The tools needed for drawing are few. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. and unusual land features noted. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. lines at an angle.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. driveway. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. and parallel lines. shrubs. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. < previous page page_3 next page > . compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot.

which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. yew. In some cases. With the plan on paper. Upkeep. A toolhouse. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. One basic rule is the higher the wall. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. and holly. or summer kitchen is ideal. However. and hedges of hemlock." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. garage. gazebo. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. In the designs that follow. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. brick. bayberry. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. greenhouse. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. Climate is an important factor when choosing the .< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. iron. In the absence of a structure. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. old smokehouse. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. and stone.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

too. deeply evergreen. . Equally important is proportion. holly. bricks. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. box. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. used for dry wall or masonry construction. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. landscape timbers. When this reinforcement is understated. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. a temporary garden that may be changed later. If used. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Styles are legion. the garden design is most attractive. Brick is the all-time favorite material. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. some deciduous and some evergreen. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. whether it will be rocks. painted. if wood is the material of choice. they can be made to order. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Rosemary. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. and their styles are countless. or natural. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. or. If desired. Lower cost is an advantage. For example. Allow adequate room within the row. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. for reinforcing the design. elegant box. but the results will confirm this course. as an example. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. gray surfaces are found. At first. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. such as bayberry. it will seem too sparsely planted. Gates are part of the enclosure. so give them much thought. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. yew. Stone. Stained. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. When used with a hedge. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. cut stones. for example. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. or pressure-treated lumber. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. railroad ties. Where air circulation is much needed. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Whatever the reason. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. In some climates. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Generally. annual painting is a necessity. however. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. and rosemary. as in outdoor room dividers.

if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . Conversely. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. there is a necessary. awkward and unsafe.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Choose the path material equally for comfort. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. but should be compatible with. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. for example. Step materials need not be the same as. because they are just that. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. however. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. If groups are walking through. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. There are. Paths must be ample. and maintenance. cost. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. making the design more evident. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. Access paths. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. too. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. The colors are various: terracotta. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. or red. A width of four feet allows room for turning. appearance. . If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. the greater the tread. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. their use no less than comfortable. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. rosy pink.

not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.

They are easily renewed as they break down. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. prepare a planting plan for each. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. a soft-lead pencil in hand. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. serviceberry.) To avoid having a slippery surface. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. shad Malus coronaria. a result being hazardous footing. too. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. and many good references are available. bark or pine needles can be used. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. When they mature. With these recommendations in mind. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. or trees to be considered. is an enjoyable experience. shrubs. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. If the garden is made up of separate beds. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. they should not shade the herbs too much. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. This.

It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. it is easily read and easily erased. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Sept. Do use a soft-lead pencil. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. such as the one illustrated here. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. It needs. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. whether they are invasive or tall growing. for example. 'Mount Hood daff. lemon thyme. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. a focal point is customarily used. however. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Artifacts As with other gardens. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. for example. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Often this center of interest is a sundial. too. noting well their growth habits. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. or whatever is best in your case. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. one-half inch equals one foot.

Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. the height of a fence to the house. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Again. a niche of its own should be created. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. < previous page page_9 next page > . respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame. If a statue less than life-size is used.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. the designs have a decorative north point. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. However. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a stylized drawing of an ovary. that of good proportion. Except for two. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

salad burnet 12.Ocimum basilicum.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. lovage 17. sweet 25. lemon balm .L.Viola tricolor. The rules of symmetry are observed. sativa. a fence. Landscape Architect. which is used here in relation to a garage.Pelargonium graveolens. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. 26.Origanum majorana.S. 21. bee balm 13. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Galium odoratum. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 6.Lobularia maritima.Melissa officinalis. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. lemon 15. Lavenders accent the front corners. arcticus 27. or other structure. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. 16.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. rose 24. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 5. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 4. 14. 3.Satureja montana. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. A. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. fennel 2. 1. Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp. summer 23. 7. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium 11. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. dill cerasiforme. With color and texture considered for contrast. 22. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.A.

Petroselinum crispum var. Greek 28.Porrum Group. Chrysanthemum balsamita. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . leek 9. 19. curly parsley 10. costmary 'Albus'.8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Salvia officinalis. Pelargonium × limoneum. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. chive 18. dwarf garden 20.Origanum heracleoticum.

17.Pelargonium tomentosum. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Artemisia dracunculus var. rose 19. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. 1. summer 10.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 12.Satureja hortensis. curly parsley sativa. as was done here.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. Petroselinum crispum var.Aloysia triphylla. bush basil 3.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Pelargonium graveolens. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. lemon verbena 21.Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare. perhaps overgrown with weeds. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 18. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Monarda didyma.Allium schoenoprasum. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Lavandula angustifolia. French tarragon 2. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. . bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 9. white 20. 11. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Rosmarinus officinalis. 13.

Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Thymus × citriodorus. eglantine 23.Heliotropium arborescens.Galium odoratum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. English thyme dill 8. 14.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Rosa eglanteria.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Origanum majorana. English'. 16.salad burnet 6.

A. and the plan could be used at a front door. garden sage 8.Petroselinum crispum.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Origanum heracleoticum. 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Even in limited space. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Taxus cuspidata. sativa. still observing a scale. The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Chionanthus virginicus. spearmint 16.Satureja hortensis. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. 7. 9. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Salvia officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. salad burnet 14. Then the design might need to be expanded. dill 2.Mentha spicata. however. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. parsley 5. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet marjoram 3. The garden is conveniently located. summer savory 11. English thyme Greek oregano 4. however. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Levisticum officinale.L.Allium schoenoprasum.A. lemon thyme 10. Origanum majorana. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.S. Japanese yew 17. . lovage 15.

Ocimum basilicum.6.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

lavender marjoram 2.Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. Viola odorata. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. fraxinella 15. 1. 33. This is an intimate garden. The long.Polemonium reptans.Stachys byzantina.Pulmonaria officinalis.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . bee balm 14. hop sativa. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Digitalis grandiflora. 8. Christmas fern 5. salad 20.Humulus lupulus. 31. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Artemisia dracunculus var. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.S. Landscape Architect. 32. 25. garden sage 17. Jacob's-ladder 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. 9. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. sweet violet 16. 6. cinnamon fern 4. Dictamnus albus.Polystichum acrostichoides.Convallaria majalis.L. 13. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Teucrium chamaedrys. summer 21.Asarum canadense. lemon thyme 28. Monarda didyma. leek Foeniculum vulgare. 18. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. wild ginger 27. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. the challenge is obvious. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. blue lungwort 26.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. 30.Osmunda cinnamomea. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Origanum majorana. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. fennel 19.Allium ampeloprasum.A. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. A.Primula vulgaris. yellow 29. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.

lilac 10.Tsuga canadensis. French'. crispum. Canada hemlock Standard'. 35.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Satureja montana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Galium verum.Korean box 11.Sorbus americana. yellow bedstraw 23.Petroselinum crispum var. winter savory 24. sweet 34. French thyme woodruff koreana.Galium odoratum.savory germander Willmott'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Buxus microphylla var.

This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Salvia officinalis. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. 1. 19. It is a pleasing.Aloysia triphylla.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. One of the beds. Italian parsley . French Greek oregano sorrel 11. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Origanum heracleoticum.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. Surprisingly. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. it became part of the patio. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. dill 10.Rumex scutatus.Petroselinum crispum var. this design can be an inspiration. Even so. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. garden sage 20. To be placed near the kitchen. geometric design." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. lemon verbena 2. neapolitanum.

sweet 14.Borago officinalis. French tarragon 5.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. English thyme bush basil 8.Origanum majorana. sweet 18.Allium tuberosum.Anthriscus cerefolium.Myrrhis odorata. garlic chive 26. purple basil 4. curly parsley 22.3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chervil marjoram 21. 16.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet 13.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. crispum. borage 'Purpurascens'. chive 25.Ocimum basilicum 12.Satureja hortensis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. summer savory 23. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . winter savory 24. basil sativa.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Ocimum basilicum.Petroselinum crispum var.Satureja montana. lemon basil 9. Alpine strawberry 7.17.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. salad 15.Allium schoenoprasum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. lemon balm cicely 6.

Stachys byzantina. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Pelargonium in variety.Thymus × citriodorus. gray . English lavender 10.Galium odoratum. the work paths could be eliminated. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. blue 22. 19. To increase the planting area. it is an unusual.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Rosmarinus officinalis. lamb's-ears 20. D. sweet 13. so. 1. geometric design. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. winter 21.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. green santolina 12. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. scented-leaf geranium 2. Created in an orderly way.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Lavandula angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis. too. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. it is full of interesting angles. As a whole. rosemary 3. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.C. sweet cicely 23.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. 14. purple basil 4.Santolina virens.Satureja montana. The center beds here were established in this way. English thyme lemon thyme 11.

Teucrium chamaedrys. American southernwood holly 17.Salvia officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia camphorata.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. horehound24. camphor-scented wormwood 8.6. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia abrotanum. silver mound artemisia 18. germander 16.Marrubium vulgare. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . classic myrtle 9.Myrtus communis.Ilex opaca. clove pink 7. 25.

tansy 25. casts the shadow for the hour. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 21.Hyssopus officinalis.Calendula officinalis.Chamaemelum . Galium odoratum. lemon balm 22.Artemisia absinthium. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. Job's tears 11. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. yarrow 12.Artemisia dracunculus var. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. purple basil 3.Thymus praecox subsp. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. French tarragon 14. gray santolina 13. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. This center of interest is of particular note. sweet woodruff 5.Tanacetum vulgare.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sativa.Borago officinalis. borage 23. Achillea millefolium. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Melissa officinalis.Satureja montana. too.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Coix lacryma-jobi. this herb garden is secluded. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. Sometimes space is limited. rosemary 15. blue hyssop 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. Ocimum basilicum. Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. which adds its impression of warmth. Its arrow points north and. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. English lavender 6. pot marigold 24. absinthe 26. 1. sweet basil 4. winter savory 16.

Symphytum officinale.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Salvia elegans. Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium in variety. sweet 29. white creeping thyme nobile. chamomile 17. chive 18. comfrey20. scented-leaf 27. costmary 'Albus'. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Carya illinoinensis. marjoram pecan 10. garden sage 19. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Syringa.7.Origanum vulgare. pineapplescented sage 9. wild marjoram 28. variegated garden sage 8.

and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Pelargonium × limoneum. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Myrrhis odorata.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. 6.Allium sativum. 5. parsley 17. 8. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. Anthriscus cerefolium.Ipomoea alba.Salvia officinalis. 9.Pelargonium graveolens. dill 20.Marrubium vulgare. 1. true ginger16. hyssop Meyer lemon . rose geranium 2. lovage 22. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet 34. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 33. French sorrel 21. rue 31. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. 29.Artemisia dracunculus var.Teucrium chamaedrys. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Satureja hortensis. 7. 4. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 30. lemon balm 35. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Apium graveolens. 18. sativa. 3. 36. summer 32. blue 23. sunken into the ground.Melissa officinalis. The more invasive ones. chervil 15. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. 19. When controlled in this way. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. sweet cicely 37.Galium odoratum. garlic Levisticum officinale.Ruta graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum.

Tropaeolum minus.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . Greek oregano 12. English thyme 26.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum.10.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil 38.Magnolia virginiana. lemonthyme 28.Origanum heracleoticum.Aloysia triphylla.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. spearmint 27. bush basil 14. French thyme 24. dwarf nasturtium 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon verbena 11. salad burnet 25. Japanese yew 39.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.

Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. "Simplify. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. however. < previous page page_22 next page > . Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. simplify!. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. a quick way to ensure good drainage. but.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. whatever the reason." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Allium schoenoprasum. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis.Capsicum frutescens. bell pepper 6. bee balm 19.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. dill 13. sweet 15.Petroselinum crispum.Lindera benzoin. garden sage 3.Allium fistulosum.Hedeoma pulegioides. French tarragon 5.Ruta graveolens. sweet 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. spicebush absinthe French'.Lactuca sativa.Aloe barbadensis.Anethum graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp. balm sativa. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. rue 20. spearmint 21. parsley 2. sweet 25. 18. peppermint 23.Origanum majorana. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . tomato American pennyroyal 4. aloe Grossum Group.Melissa officinalis. arcticus. summer basil savory 7. tansy 11. 16.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja hortensis.Tanacetum vulgare. lemon 22.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Impatiens capensis.Galium odoratum.Mentha x piperita. lettuce 10. 26. jewelweed24.Ocimum basilicum.Monarda didyma. 12.Artemisia absinthium. 14.Mentha spicata.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

arcticus 14. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. encloses this plan. germander 7. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. horizontally laid bluestone. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house.Pelargonium in variety.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically.Teucrium chamaedrys. too. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. A low wall of brick. Russian 13. French thyme 2. 8. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Perovskia abrotanoides. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus praecox subsp. faced and capped with random. .Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.

witch hazel 18.angustifolia. blue 11.Hamamelis virginiana. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus. St.-John'swort 17.Hyssopus officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'.Melissa officinalis. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lemon thyme 10.Alchemilla vulgaris. lady's6.Galium odoratum. crimson creeping thyme 9. lavender 3.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 5. trumpet vine 16.Santolina neapolitana 4. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Viburnum cassinoides.Thymus praecox subsp.Campsis radicans.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. lemon balm hyssop 12.

However. holly. lilac. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. < previous page page_28 next page > . however. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. box. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. the shrubsyew. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. It is. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. Germander is a proper edging here. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Although this is not a large garden.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Viola odorata.Ruta graveolens. sweet albula. 26.Stachys byzantina. lilac 45. 18. white creeping thyme 37. lamb'sears 35. Japanese holly 47.Syringa patula. blue horehound hyssop 3.Eloise & Jo Ray. mint silver mound artemisia 25. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Chamaemelum nobile.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. green 27. arcticus 'Albus'. Simkins'. florentina. Myrrhis odorata.Santolina chamaecyparissus. alpine strawberry 8. rue 6.Salvia leucophylla. Alchemilla vulgaris. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Iris × germanica var.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Marrubium vulgare.Dictamnus albus.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. red creeping thyme 10.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. dwarf privet 48.Myrtus communis. 23. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Anemone pulsatilla. gray sage savory 14.Comptonia peregrina. Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf crested iris 39. prostrate rosemary 13.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Borago officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. 21.Thymus praecox subsp. winter 29.Artemisia camphorata. sweet cicely17. cottage pink 2. lavender 22. dwarf box 41. Thymus praecox subsp. Japanese holly 42.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia frigida.Iris cristata. columnal yew 43. 12. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1. orris 38.20. mantle chamomile 5. sweet violet 19. shrubby cinquefoil 46. germander 36. clary 30. woolly thyme 7. lady's.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. 32. fraxinella 33. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. santolina alpine pink 28. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. classic myrtle 15.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. 9.Teucrium chamaedrys. white hyssop 4.Satureja montana.Cytisus supinus.Santolina virens. broom 40. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Mentha requienii.Thymus praecox subsp.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. Japanese yew 44.Santolina pinnata 34.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. fringed wormwood 16. crimson creeping thyme 31.Hyssopus officinalis.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Heliotropium arborescens.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Corsican 24.

an herb garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The direction a path takes can add interest. as is true here in the vegetable garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. a running bond pattern. This hedge. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. while adding to the enclosure of the area. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. < previous page page_30 next page > . and a vegetable garden. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. Other paths are brick. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. the center of interest for the herb garden. a cutting garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden.

L. .A.S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect. A.

Hemerocallis × luteola. plantain lily 2. yellow 35. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 18. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. pale 28.Stachys byzantina. Stokes' aster 31. garden sage 56. blue 27.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis.Limonium latifolium. helenium 4. Anethum graveolens 23.Ocimum basilicum 54.Lilium candidum.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. starsMaxima'. York-andLancaster rose 16. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. Achillea taygetea. sweet 51. verbena rose chive 11. French thyme 7. winter savory 44.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. Louise'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 29.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. fraxinella 26.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. purple basil Japanese holly 17. blue hyssop 43.Salvia officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. cottage pink French'. germander 39. 37. bush basil 41. statice Solemacher'.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium christophii. 53.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Allium schoenoprasum.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. sweet marjoram 45. green santolina 42. yellow epimedium 15.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lamb's-ears 49. French tarragon 8. 1.Petroselinum crispum var. sativa.Origanum majorana.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Salvia sclarea. clary 46.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. 14. blue iris 9.Aloysia triphylla. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Pelargonium in variety. summer 34.Galium odoratum. double white peony of-Persia 12. yellow 24. Christmas 48. dill wishbone flower 5.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Helleborus niger. alpine strawberry 3.Digitalis grandiflora. lemon thyme 40.Polystichum acrostichoides.Satureja hortensis.Teucrium chamaedrys. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Stokesia laevis. 32. white 'Bouquet'. candytuft Standard'. 50. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Dictamnus albus. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Magnolia virginiana.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Satureja montana.Santolina virens. Campanula persicifolia. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. 47. 22. Aquilegia chrysantha.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 52.Ribes alpinum. 55.Origanum heracleoticum.

Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. as in this case. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. < previous page page_32 next page > . A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. While serving as a soil retainer.

lady's43.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. 42. sweet 23.Thymus × citriodorus. Borago officinalis. 21. Landscape Architect. lemon 22. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Tanacetum vulgare var. English 44.Galium odoratum. The number in each planting area is the key number. Stachys byzantina. lemon verbena 46. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Viola odorata. Monarda didyma.45.Alchemilla vulgaris. . spearmint 41. crispum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Solanum pseudocapsicum. Ocimum basilicum.Lavandula angustifolia.Aloysia triphylla. bee balm 24.Iris cristata. 1. borage 26.Iris pseudacorus. lamb's25.A.Allium schoenoprasum.A. F.Mentha spicata. Melissa officinalis.R.

Verbascum thapsus. absinthe English thyme 27. Porrum Group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha pulegium. Ajuga reptans.Origanum majorana. southernwood 31.Foeniculum vulgare. 33. French tarragon holly 13.Marrubium vulgare. clove 55. curly parsley oak 17. dill 34. myrtle 58. Poterium sanguisorba.Cassia marilandica.Origanum heracleoticum.Vinca minor. garden sage 36.Allium cepa. orange mint 29.Crataegus arkansana.Artemisia dracunculus var. Egyptian onion 11. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. rue 51.Salvia elegans. rosemary 9. catnip 50. pennyroyal 54.Allium sativum.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Satureja hortensis. mullein chive 47.Nepeta cataria.Salvia officinalis. Proliferum Group.Ruta graveolens. savory sativa.Allium ampeloprasum. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Mentha × piperita var. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . fennel 35.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pineapple38. flowering dogwood 15. polyantha rose 12. Greek 53. curly mint 30. tabasco senna pepper 20.Petroselinum crispum var.Anethum graveolens.7.Quercus stellata.Dianthus caryophyllus. salad burnet 10.Rosa × rehderana.Cornus florida.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Capsicum frutescens. garlic chive 48. wild 39.Allium tuberosum. sweet marjoram 28. 57. Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. 52. leek 49. 56. carpet bugleweed 8. horehound neapolitanum.Artemisia absinthium.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Petroselinum crispum var. post crispum 'Banquet'.Elaeagnus pungens. 40. pink hawthorn 16. summer 32. 37. citrata.

the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. However. sleep pillows. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. and vinegars. which are a good way to supply controlled shade.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. Although this is a northeast exposure. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. < previous page page_34 next page > . but it is more than adequate for potpourri. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. mothproofing bags.

Wilcox. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.

chive 43. 49. lemon verbena 36.Salvia officinalis.Iris × germanica var.Allium schoenoprasum.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Valeriana officinalis. salad 22.Tropaeolum minus. garden 'Purpurascens'.Thuja occidentalis. lemon 18. 1. orris 17. Lactuca. daylily in variety 41. pot 28. 'Monge'.Allium pulchellum 47.Pelargonium × limoneum. anise hyssop 14.Hyssopus officinalis . Roman 20.Allium cepa. purple basil sage 11.Pelargonium graveolens. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Aloysia triphylla.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Satureja montana. 19.Galium odoratum. winter 29. 50.Tsuga canadensis. dwarf nasturtium 37.Levisticum officinale. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . lavender 7. lilac 32.Allium moly. Hallock'. bee balm 30. 24. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. crispum.The number in each planting area is the key number. 'President Poincare'. French gray santolina sorrel 8. lettuce in variety 25. Ruta graveolens. Petroselinum crispum var. tansy 16. bay 48.Artemisia abrotanum. sativa.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Pelargonium fragrans.Ocimum basilicum 27. Santolina chamaecyparissus. round-headed garlic 46. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Calendula officinalis. garden sage 2.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia oficinalis. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Alchemilla vulgaris.Agastache foeniculum. 21.Tanacetum vulgare. lily leek 44.Monarda didyma. southernwood 9.Allium sphaerocephalum.Salvia elegans. blue hyssop 35. balm valerian 15. Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus × citriodorus. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. burnet lovage 6. lemon 31.Mentha spicata. peppermint geranium 40.Hemerocallis.Rumex scutatus. florentina.Pelargonium tomentosum. French tarragon 10.Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Proliferum Group.Laurus nobilis.Allium sativum var. nutmeg geranium 39. English finger-bowl geranium 38. Egyptian onion 42. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. Artemisia pontica. 23.Rosmarinus officinalis. costmary 5.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. rue 26. American rosemary arborvitae 34.

A simple knot. < previous page page_36 next page > . The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. Invasive. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity.

1.Marrubium vulgare. pineapplescented sage 47. houseleek 45. fennel 25. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Monarda didyma.Foeniculum vulgare. sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var. Valeriana officinalis.Satureja hortensis. dwarf winter savory 2. French tarragon 44.Armeria maritima. foxglove 4. Digitalis purpurea. valerian 5. golden thyme .Sempervivum tectorum. salad burnet 23. bee balm 26.Salvia elegans.Poterium sanguisorba. pineapple mint 22. summer savory 43.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Satureja montana 'Nana'. thyme 3. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. white thrift 24. horehound 46.

Agrimonia eupatoria. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 61.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. English 52.Myrrhis odorata.Artemisia absinthium.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. pink 62. yellow 41. 30. Salvia sclarea.Rosa chinensis.Levisticum officinale.Ruta graveolens.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet 37.Crocus sativus. Madonna cicely lily 12.Rosa eglanteria.Rosmarinus officinalis.Echium vulgare.Symphytum officinale.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Laurus nobilis. pink 59. marigold chive 15.Sium sisarum.Chrysanthemum 36.Helleborus orientalis. viper's 34. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Eranthis hyemalis.Foeniculum vulgare. skirret 60.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. fraxinella 8. 54.Anemone pulsatilla. sweet 50. 40.Thymus praecox subsp. dyer's woad 7. sweet 32. annual clary 51.Hyssopus officinalis. germander 56. garden 42.Helleborus niger. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.6.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Angelica archangelica. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. angelica Lenten rose 10.Salvia viridis.Salvia officinalis. clary 48.Lilium candidum. lavender Christmas rose 11. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Galium odoratum.Galium verum.Allium schoenoprasum. absinthe 53. 39. arcticus 55. Dictamnus albus. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. dwarf edging box 21.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. white 58. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Origanum majorana. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Lavandula angustifolia. white creeping thyme aconite 14. rosemary 28. feverfew climbing rose 16. China rose comfrey 19. sweet basil sage 27. 33. parthenium.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ocimum basilicum. Isatis tinctoria. blue hyssop 57. 38.Calendula officinalis. pot 35. French'. rue 31.

< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. even though space is limited. Carya ovata. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. and the shagbark hickory. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. There is variety in this plan. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. < previous page page_38 next page > . may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. However. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal.

Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .

Adiantum pedatum. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. green santolina Primula veris. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. sweet basil Satureja montana. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. French Galium odoratum. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. box Carya ovata. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. Poterium sanguisorba. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. angelica Mondarda didyma. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. Asarum canadense. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. lamb's. stewardsonii. red mint . English ivy Buxus sempervirens. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. borage Petroselinum crispum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. valerian Rosa damascena. Aloysia triphylla. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. Marrubium vulgare. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. bee balm Melissa officinalis. germander Agastache foeniculum. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. box Buxus sempervirens. citrata. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. chive Ilex opaca.Arisaema triphyllum. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. Canada Isatis tinctoria. flax Buxus sempervirens. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. Artemisia absinthium. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. box Ruta graveolens. rue Cornusflorida. sativa. dogwood Salvia sclarea. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis.Galium verum. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

unplanned look was desired. too. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. this excavation. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A clump of birch here. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. However.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. < previous page page_40 next page > . and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. first intended for the construction of a cottage. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. A singular statue of St. is on a sandy knoll. An informal. For this appearance. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. a dipping pool there. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. it is open on the side facing the house.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

8. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 61. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. peppermint 47.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. pennyroyal 46.Convallaria majalis. wild 43. 68. myrtle 14. rose bergamot valerian 25. winter savory 20. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 67.Glechoma hederacea. 79.Pelargonium graveolens.Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Petroselinum crispum.Allium favum lovage 22.Salvia elegans.Monarda fistulosa. woolly thyme 13.Viola tricolor. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 30.Althaea officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium tomentosum. chive crispum. feverfew 27. Ruta graveolens. bee balm . 78. 52.Ajuga reptans.Teucrium canadense. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. 32.Pelargonium quercifolium.Valeriana officinalis. Sempervivum tectorum. rue 29. orange geranium 11. 74.Pulmonaria officinalis. creeping juniper 26.Stachys byzantina.Betula papyrifera. 72. 12. white birch English lavender parthenium. marsh 42.Consolida orientalis.Pelargonium crispum. orris chamaecyparissus. Johnny-jump-up54.Achillea tomentosa.Digitalis grandiflora.Urginea maritima. 70.Hyssopus officinalis. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 38.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. pineapple3. 60. 65.Pelargonium odoratissimum. 36. 75. French'. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. golden 37. celandine cicely 18.Monarda didyma. 76. 69.Myrrhis odorata.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Mentha pulegium.The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana.Artemisia abrotanum.Tanacetum vulgare var. 59.Origanum vulgare.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. garden sage lungwort 57.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. 1. 31.Chelidonium majus. fern-leaf tansy 23. catnip 73. Iris × germanica var. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. blue 2.Poterium sanguisorba.Melissa officinalis. sweet 71. 77. 58. 63. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Vinca minor.Thymus praecox subsp. rose geranium 10. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. pot 66.Digitalis purpurea. 'Prostratus'.Mentha spicata. Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum majorana.Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus herba-barona. 64. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Rosa 'Merry England'. 34. gray scented sage santolina 4. 53.Angelica archangelica.Mentha suaveolens.Coriandrum sativum.Mentha × gentilis.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina florentina. wild 51.Chrysanthemum 80.Allium schoenoprasum. sea onion angelica 24.Origanum onites. mint 50. apple mint 49. spearmint 45.Pelargonium denticulatum. red mint 48. lemon balm 44.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Ocimum basilicum.Anethum graveolens. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Armeria maritima. Thymus × citriodorus.Satureja hortensis. purple basil 9. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. lemon 35. thrift55.Nepeta cataria. 33.Marrubium vulgare. Artemisia dracunculusvar.

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perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Because of the edging box. and the two small trees. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. making it more a part of the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. They are clustered around the smokehouse. is used for the wall. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. the accents of the six large box. the same as the smokehouse construction. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Foundation stone. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely.

L. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S. Landscape Architect. A.A.

sweet cicely45. Origanum majorana.Allium giganteum.Tanacetum vulgare var.Ocimum basilicum 30. 'Purpurascens'. 47.The number in each planting area is the key number. 41. winter 42.Alchemilla vulgaris. rosemary 3.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. 44.Artemisia frigida. 39. sweet 37. 21.Levisticum officinale.38. sweet marjoram 2.Galium odoratum. Rosmarinus officinalis. spearmint 48.Crataegus laevigata.Artemisia abrotanum. sweet 26. fraxinella 17. 35. lovage 46.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. bee balm 29. 1.Lilium candidum. Corsican 33. 22. balm citrata. white 23. fringed 43.Pulmonaria officinalis.Fritillaria imperialis. 27. box 'Citriodorum'. lemon 36. Ocimum basilicum 24.Chrysanthemum 28.Crocus.Allium schoenoprasum.Satureja montana.Myrrhis odorata. 31. Lavandula angustifolia.Aloysia triphylla. dwarf edging box 14. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. European ginger 4. crownbasil savory imperial 11. lemon basil 15.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha spicata.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. lemon 34. Dictamnus albus.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Mentha requienii. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Melissa officinalis. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Mentha × piperita var.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha × piperita. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Artemisia dracunculus var.Viola tricolor. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Angelica archangelica. blue angelica lungwort 20.Ocimum basilicum. lady's. balsamita. Satureja hortensis. species in variety crispum. Symphytum officinale. pineapple mint 18. Asarum europaeum.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. purple basil sativa. summer 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. verbena English thyme 5.Ocimum basilicum 32. orange mint 19. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. English 'Minimum'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 40.Prunus domestica.

although it is ample at four feet. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. This hedge. a soil retainer. the dwarf box edging. Instead. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. pink of Dianthus. The dipping bowl. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. too. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. two specimen shrubs. This is true also of the stone curbing. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Lowgrowing. < previous page page_44 next page > . a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan.

.A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S. A.L. Landscape Architect.

Thymus herba-barona.Narcissus asturiensis. Madonna 63. American 38. lily.57.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus tomasinianus.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. thyme 29. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Crocus speciosus. Thymus doerfleri.Heliotropium arborescens. 58.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus × citriodorus.Borago officinalis. Spanish bluebell 16. 54.Dicentra spectabilis. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Anemone blanda. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. rue25.Cimicifuga racemosa. clary 32.Crocus angustifolius.Hamamelis virginiana.Sternbergia lutea. 45. 49.Narcissus triandrus var.Tulipa clusiana.Nepeta mussinii. prostrate rosemary 18. white creeping thyme lovage 10. marjoram crocus 7. 56.Helleborus niger. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Lanuginosus'. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. angel's-tears 59.Ocimum basilicum.Myrica pensylvanica. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. golden thyme41. 17.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Angelica archangelica. caraway thyme albus.Mentha × piperita var. 40. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 1. tulip citrata. 61. black cohosh windflower 15.Galium odoratum. Stachys byzantina.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Digitalis grandiflora. lemon 60. borage 31.Pelargonium in variety. orange mint 8. lemon 33. lamb's-ears 28.Lilium candidum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 2.Salvia sclarea.Teucrium canadense. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. angustifolia 'Nana'. white 42.Satureja montana. sweet 47. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 43. Origanum majorana. winter savory 39.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 53. 51.Thymus praecox subsp. catmint 35. sweet 55.Convallaria majalis.Galanthus nivalis. arcticus 34. arcticus 30.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. 36. 20.The number in each planting area is the key number. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Santolina virens.Helleborus lividus subsp.Crocus kotschyanus. gray 22. sweet 27. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. Compactus'.Mentha spicata. 26.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. verbena snowflake 19. Salvia officinalis.Mertensia virginica. 50.Levisticum officinale. 46.Leucojum aestivum. spearmint 48. 44.Mentha × piperita.Tulipa kaufmanniana. green santolina 37. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium christophii. 52.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.

Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Morning sun warms it early. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Second. very livable and profoundly satisfying. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. First.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. The results have been most satisfying.

Beauty'. Landscape Architect.Salvia sclarea.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.S. . rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. marigold 41.Salvia officinalis.Crocus sieberi. Artemisia absinthium 24. clary thyme 22. garden sage 4.L.Apium graveolens. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Porrum Group. woolly thyme 3. 'Lambrook Silver'. leek 46.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. crocus 44. tulip 45. absinthe sativa. Thymus × citriodorus. The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum. A. Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia lactiflora.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Origanum heracleoticum. wild celery 42. English thyme 43. sweet basil 23. French tarragon 5. 25.Artemisia dracunculus var.A.Tulipa tarda.Allium neapolitanum. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 26. lemon 21.Allium ampeloprasum. 1.

56. weed chive 48.Levisticum officinale. pink 30.Clematis 'Mrs.Nepeta × faassenii.Dianthus × allwoodii. catmint 53.Galium mollugo. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. lovage 34.Digitalis grandiflora. Robert verbena Brydon'. Lavandula angustifolia. green 40.Hyssopus officinalis.Achillea filipendula 60. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. 39.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Cornus florida.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Malus hupehensis.Stachys byzantina. yellow 55.Aloysia triphylla.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Asclepias tuberosa.Origanum majorana. pale 49.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. 32. 54.Ilex opaca.Allium schoenoprasum.Petroselinum crispum var. great 31. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . 29. American elderberry 15.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Artemisia camphorata. white evergreen azalea 16. lobelia Sherbert'. viola holly 18. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. 58. butterfly 47.Dictamnus albus. sweet 37. lamb's-ears 52. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. alpine 28.Tropaeolum minus.Aconitum napellus. monkshood upright yew 17. curly parsley 20. fraxinella 36. red currant gray santolina 13. American marjoram Yellow'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. clematis 11.Ribes sativum. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Allium senescens var. Viola odorata. 8.Ipomoea alba. dogwood 19.Lobelia siphilitica.Santolina virens. lemon 50.Rosmarinus officinalis.foxglove 7. blue 38.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. The four herb beds. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . are raised with bricks on edge. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. repeats again the octagonal form. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. even though the growing area is not extensive. an impression of Sol in it. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. A birdbath of copper. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

43. heliotrope 31.Pelargonium crispum. clary 21.Pelargonium tomentosum. Artemisia abrotanum. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis. sweet woodruff 9.Joan E.Salvia sclarea.Santolina 25. orange santolina geranium 11.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula dentata. spearmint southernwood 5. lemon 30. crispum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Nepeta mussinii.Pelargonium denticulatum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. Galium odoratum. bush basil 23. 42.Petroselinum crispum var.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. variegated garden sage 37. 19. peppermint 4.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. sweet basil 22. catmint 6. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. angustifolia. rosemary 33. absinthe 20. white creeping thyme 12. Semple. Artemisia absinthium. 16. lemon 41.Mentha spicata. French tarragon 7. prostrate rosemary 34. lemon 39. purple basil 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. thyme salad burnet 40.Mentha × piperita. rue 35. dill 18.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Thymus × citriodorus.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium graveolens. 28. 1.Heliotropium arborescens. curly parsley 32. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 27. 29.Rosmarinus officinalis. Anethum graveolens. golden variegated garden sage 38. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Ruta graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia.Aloysia triphylla. purple variegated garden sage 36. Stachys byzantina. clove pink 10.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Allium tuberosum. sativa.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Artemisia dracunculus var. English thyme horehound 2.Allium schoenoprasum. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. curly mint 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver mound artemisia 8. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. French 26. lavender 15.Ocimum basilicum. lamb's-ears 17. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.

and lantana are a few. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. < previous page page_52 next page > . lemon verbena. a toolhouse. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. A suitable fence. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. A birdbath may replace the pool. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. rose geranium. if neither is available.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Artemisia absinthium 11. lemon 10. absinthe 'Minimum'. Landscape Architect. sweet santolina marjoram 6. lavender 3.Heliotropium arborescens. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Origanum majorana. heliotrope 21.L. bush basil 5. The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens.Aloysia triphylla. 13. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. verbena ambrosia 4.Rosmarinus officinalis. Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 2. arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. A.Chenopodium botrys. geranium 16. zonal geranium 18. fern-leaf tansy 8. gray santolina chamomile 14.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . crispum. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 9.A.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium frutetorum. green 12. 7.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Tanacetum vulgare var.S. 1.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. zonal geranium 19. rosescented geranium 17. lemon thyme 20.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. woolly thyme 15.

At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. mints. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. Angelica. As the snows melt. artemisias. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. apothecary's rose. Hyssop hedges define the circles. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Box and holly enclose it all. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. box. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. a sundial. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. the design is clearly traced. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. These can easily obliterate a design. The dwarf box frames the focal point. a deep mauve to others. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. but the design itself has endured forty years.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. germander 43. Satureja montana.Lavandula angustifolia. weld 54. Origanum majorana.Santolina neapolitana 36. green santolina 24. crimson creeping thyme 18.Asclepias tuberosa. lady's-mantle 46.Syringa. blue 50. 65. alpine 60. 62.Thymus praecox subsp. 56.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. masterwort 69. skirret 53.Arisaema dracontium.Isatis tinctoria.Helleborus niger.63. rosemary 25.Astrantia major. perilla 51.Thymus praecox subsp. Tropaeolum majus. grape fennel 19. Graham.47.Buxus sempervirens.Paeonia officinalis.Iris × germanica var. Pelargonium in variety. 58. orris box 22. white 66. bronze 64.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula dentata.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. Rosmarinus officinalis. pot bergamot marjoram 7. garden sage Christmas rose 10. sweet 27. butterfly weed35. feverfew 14. bush basil nettle orpine 4. gray 37.Vitis. wild 52. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Artemisia absinthium. orris 57. blue hyssop 42. chamomile 31.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. apothecary's rose lavender 20. arcticus 40. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Alchemilla vulgaris.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 55. rue 23.James D. lilac 70. valerian 6.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Melissa officinalis. arcticus 39. absinthe 34. daffodil 17. Santolina virens. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. 26.Asarum europaeum. winter savory 32. clove pink 29.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Myrrhis odorata.Monarda fistulosa.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Symphytum officinale.Artemisia camphorata. white creeping thyme French'. Canadian burnet 13.Taxus.Helleborus orientalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Perillafrutescens. Chamaemelum nobile. 67.Lamium album. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.30. 48. green. dyer's woad 9. Dianthus caryophyllus. sweet woodruff45.Teucrium chamaedrys. lamb's-ears 33.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Sedum telephium.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. marjoram lungwort crispum.Armeria maritima. 1. nasturtium 28.Sium sisarum.Origanum onites. scented. fern-leaf tansy 5. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Hyssopus officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. 'Albus'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. dwarf edging box 21.Pyrus communis.Reseda luteola.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Foeniculum vulgare. southernwood 2. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. thrift 41.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Lilium candidum.Alchemilla alpina. white dead 49. houseleek Lenten rose 11. 59.Sempervivum tectorum. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. yew Beauty'. piney 44.Valeriana officinalis. French thyme Madonna lily 16. florentina.Galium odoratum.Stachys byzantina. arcticus 38.Helleborus atrorubens 12.

The brick edging around each bed is a help. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. At the top of the steps. If there is room for only one rambler rose. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. They are small specialty beds. In addition to the brick edging around each. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Rosa 'Albertine'. but no panacea for the maintenance required. < previous page page_56 next page > ." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. with buds of red. rising from the courtyard. However. include this one. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. pink. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. The large. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard.

Carum carvi. lemon balm 42.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rhubarb 2. tansy Bois'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. foxglove 39. 22. garden sage 40. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Satureja montana. alpine strawberry 3. bush basil 43.Tanacetum vulgare. subsp.Borago officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia.Melissa officinalis. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rheum rhabarbarum. angelica 20. English thyme .Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. Angelica archangelica. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. winter savory 41. 1. 23.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. caraway 24. lavender 4.

'Albertine'. cheddar pink 53.Chrysanthemum 46. French 33.Salvia elegans. bourbon rose 10. centifolia 'Cristata'. 56.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.R. borboniana 'La Reine 14.6.Poterium sanguisorba.Marrubium vulgare. 49. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Petroselinum crispum var. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Allium schoenoprasum.Chenopodium 55. muscosa 15. geranium in 30.R. Mexican tea 18. 36.Chrysanthemum.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. pineapple34. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. 31.R. Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 25.Anethum graveolens 47. citrata. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. prostrate rosemary 16. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. marguerite chive 9.Satureja hortensis. centifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Dianthus Victoria'. centifolia var.R. Irish-lace 48.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. French'. var. 54. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Artemisia dracunculus 44. thyme frutescens. silver 27.Lavandula dentata.R.Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita var. Thymus 'Argenteus'. curly parsley 26. 29. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. 35.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 51. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. clove pink Mammoth'. Pelargonium graveolens. pot 50.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Laurus nobilis.sativa. sweet 37. rose 28.R. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. musk rose 12. 45.Calendula officinalis.Tagetes filifolia.Pelargonium.Teucrium chamaedrys. Consolida ambigua. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.'Baronne Prevost'.R. salad 7.

It is near the house. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. < previous page page_58 next page > . as it should be. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Laid in an unusual pattern. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. too. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Balance is augmented. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

arcticus 'Albus'.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Salvia officinalis.Anethum graveolens. English'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 1. 17.S. sweet basil 14. 16. lavender 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. double white peony 5. 23. heliotrope 3. A.Poterium sanguisorba.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. blue hyssop 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus.L. gray 15.Origanum majorana.A. English thyme signet marigold 11.Santolina virens.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. rosemary yellow viola 10. green 22. The number in each planting area is the key number. santolina moss rose 7. Landscape Architect.Aloysia triphylla. 21.Myosotis sylvatica. 20. chive lemon verbena 6. Rosmarinus officinalis. 24.Satureja hortensis. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Lucile Teeter Kissack.Ocimum basilicum. dill 9.Allium schoenoprasum.Heliotropium arborescens.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. 19.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. white creeping thyme 4. dwarf edging box 8.

were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Herbs. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. The grape vines. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and a comfortable. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. too. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. < previous page page_60 next page > . The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. potted lemon verbena. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. winter pruned. the fence with roses. and the grape arbor.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

conical yew 'Silver Moon'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. lemon Linum perenne. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. purple variegated garden sage 4. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. conical yew rosemary 1. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Galium odoratum.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Althaea officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Nepeta mussinii. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. 3. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. three. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Valeriana officinalis. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. sweet climbing rose. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. lovage Myrrhis odorata. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Aloysia triphylla. marsh climbing rose. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Iris cristata. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. BED II germander BED IV 2. Teucrium chamaedrys. Stachys byzantina. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'.

Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 10. fairy rose Giant'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. houseleek in variety 7. lemon Anemone hybrida. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. plume Baptisia australis. catmint 5. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Sempervivum. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . tuberosa 6. beach Marrubium vulgare. Delphinium × belladonna. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 9. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Chamaemelum nobile. Thymus. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Thymus × citriodorus.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. creeping thyme in variety 8. angustifolia 'Munstead'. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.

When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. magnolia. grew too large. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. myrtle. blue green. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Another angle could be tried with these. Herbs. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. tend to broaden the width of the garden. silver.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Either it flourished too well. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. and bright green in the herb beds. Ivy. if desired. its detail is shown below. holly. Later. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. planted in bands across these beds. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Laurus nobilis. American holly 31. bay rosemary 12. lovage 48.Lavandula angustifolia.Galium odoratum.Ilex opaca. dwarf 21.Rosmarinus officinalis. 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium graveolens. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. winter 'Purpurascens'.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Levisticum officinale. 28. 49.Thymus carnosus.Hedera helix. borage 26.Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha spicata. caraway thyme 40.Tanacetum vulgare. purple garden sage 7.Chamaemelum nobile. ears rose geranium 3. Ruta graveolens. horehound germander 17.Mentha suaveolens. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. sweet 34.Artemisia dracunculus var.Marrubium vulgare.Melissa officinalis.19. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Poterium sanguisorba. 1.Pelargonium × nervosum. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . Tropaeolum minus. purple basil savory 35. English ivy burnet 10. bush basil albula. dwarf edging box 11.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana.Artemisia abrotanum. bee balm30. 6. thyme 37.Buxus sempervirens 14.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Teucrium chamaedrys. white creeping thyme 41. 33. lemon 46.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. lamb's. Ocimum basilicum 22.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum majorana. Stachys byzantina. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. French thyme 39. Ocimum basilicum 24. 25.Rumex scutatus. gray santolina 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. English thyme chamomile 2. English'. woolly thyme 8. box chamaecyparissus.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 29. thyme 38. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus herba-barona. Borago officinalis. bayberry balm thyme 13. spearmint 42. 44. silver-king artemisia 23. sweet woodruff 36. rue 20.Myrica pensylvanica.Magnolia grandiflora.Vinca minor.Thymus doerfleri.Pelargonium fragrans. salad 43.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Monarda didyma. French 27. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. tansy 45. myrtle 47. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lime geranium 4.

a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. It is located for the best viewing. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. too. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. It is a large garden. adding to the space for walking. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. brick. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The four potted bay. accent this prime focal point even more. potted shrubs. too. and treessome of which are espaliered. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. The use of flagstone. There is variety in the walks. < previous page page_64 next page > .< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Laurus nobilis. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. maypoles. standards. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.

winter 27.Nigella damascena. Satureja montana. pot 52.50. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. wild 28.Chenopodium botrys. 51.quercifolium. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. lemon 29. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Viola tricolor.acerifolium. Thymus × citriodorus.P. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. fragrans.P. love-in.odoratissimum.P. Johnny-jump.P.P. 25. 26. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. musty oakscented geranium 5. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.Calendula officinalis.53. apple English thyme up geranium 3. 49. 1.

white creeping thyme geranium 68.Salvia caerulea.P.Fragaria vesca. denticulatum.P. wild thyme 31. 61. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. crispum. lime geranium 55. 62.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. lemon geranium 33.P. Chamaemelum nobile.Laurus nobilis.Lavandula angustifolia. rosemary 9. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.P. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. 64.P. graveolens. 44.Mentha pulegium.P.P. Rosmarinus officinalis. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.P. peppermint 67.Pelargonium crispum. box 19. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. Hyssopus officinalis. camphor-scented geranium 69. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Allium senescens var. fern-leaf 'Nana'. salad 42. bay 20. English lavender 32. 71. bronze 38.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Achilleafilipendula. classic 21.Levisticum officinale.Forsythia. tomentosum. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. crowfoot 70.Poterium sanguisorba.P. radens 'Dr. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Poncirus trifoliata.× nervosum. dill 36. garden sage 54.Origanum majorana.Thymus serpyllum.Malus. forsythia 'Albus'. arcticus43.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum dictamnus.Malus angustifolia.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon southernwood geranium 34.Melissa officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. pine crispum.Livingston'.Acorus calamus.Aloysia triphylla. crispum 'Minor'. pheasant's. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. lemon geranium 56. strawberry 48. chamomile 8. lemon-rose geranium 22.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Anethum graveolens.Petroselinum crispum.72.Viola odorata.P. lemon 47. lettuce 40. blue hyssop 10. denticulatum 11.Marrubium vulgare.P. 57. cherry tomato chive 17.P. orange geranium 23. lemon 65. sweet 37. 41.Monarda didyma. radens. rose geranium66.Artemisia abrotanum. 58.Salvia officinalis. sweet flag 16.Mentha. glutinosum. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. lettuce 39.P. parsley 35.Myrtus communis.6. white sweet yarrow violet 13. horehound 46.Tanacetum vulgare var. fern-leaf 60. French tarragon Rose'. bee balm 63. lemon balm 45. golden lemon thyme 7.

Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. In keeping with this feeling. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. < previous page page_66 next page > . too. green santolina. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. and Allium karataviense. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The result is one of sculptured elegance. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. This is a large garden by any standard.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

winter savory 9. big blue lilyturf 12. lemon 11. apple mint 13. Mentha suaveolens.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. arcticus.Levisticum officinale. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. dwarf garden 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Liriope muscari. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Baker.Allium christophii. 8.Thymus × citriodorus.Florence B. Artemisia dracunculus var. 15.Artemisia frigida.Salvia officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. fringed 7.Allium moly.Salvia officinalis. blue hyssop 16. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Foeniculum vulgare. garden sage 18. French tarragon schoenoprasum. wormwood fennel 2.Thymus praecox subsp. chive 4. green santolina 14. 1. Santolina virens.Satureja montana.Hyssopus officinalis.Allium sativa. gray 10.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. < previous page page_70 next page > . Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. for the box after new spring growth. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. and the front porch of the house. the upper deck. the square. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Many herb gardens could provide this. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the circle. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf edging box 7.Cedrus deodara. chamomile 2. winter savory 4.Chamaemelum nobile.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. viola 3.Cupressus sempervirens.Satureja montana. lemon 8.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. Italian cypress 9.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. lavender 5.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. dwarf myrtle 6.

The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible.. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. as it was with this plan. from Peter Coats. Paths are gravel. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Roses. Coin with Tudor rose design. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

earth 24. winter 32. pot marigold 15. oxlip 17. Chamaemelum nobile.Bellis perennis. wild thyme 5.Aconitum napellus. absinthe peppermint 8. classic myrtle 18.Carum carvi. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Crocus sativus. caraway 35. 34.Melissa officinalis. Thymus serpyllum. Eryngium maritimum. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Buxus sempervirens. 19.Anemone pulsatilla. Madonna 23.Mentha spicata.Mentha × piperita. spearmint 30.Fumaria officinalis.Primula elatior. lettuce 28.Myrtus communis. English daisy 36. 25.Iris pseudacorus.Satureja montana. Malva sylvestris. monkshood27. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. saffron lily crocus 12. rosemary 16. blue hyssop 2. sweet marjoram 3.Primula vulgaris. sweet violet 6.Petroselinum crispum.Crithmum maritimum. rue 33. yellow flag 26. salad burnet 10.Fragaria vesca. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. mallow 13. Hyssopus officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. fennel 21. Foeniculum vulgare. clove20. parsley 29. 1.Lactuca sativa.Ruta graveolens.Calendula officinalis.Viola odorata. 22.Poterium sanguisorba.Viola tricolor.Lavandula angustifolia.Lilium candidum. Origanum majorana.The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon balm 31. English pasqueflower primrose 14. Dianthus caryophyllus. chamomile 4.

Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. along with a measure of fragrance. white. However. but Always Love. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. plumed. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. spurred. most of the blooms are nightscented. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'." Concrete blocks. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. white blooms and woolly. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . its tufted. Selected for this reason. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. silver mound.

rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. white 32. silver 16.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Thymus 'Argenteus'.19. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 1. 'Albus'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Lilium candidum. petunia 30. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Stachys byzantina. pink 15.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's. silver mound artemisia 3. 17. sweet 31. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Galium odoratum. white .Galanthus nivalis. horehound 2.Dictamnus albus.Marrubiam vulgare. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.

crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Artemisia ludoviciana.Polianthes tuberosa.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Matthiola incana.6. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 23.Iris × germanica var. 25. moonflower 39. tuberose 36. 28. orris 8. needle florentina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clary 24. western mugwort 7. sweet violet 20. 26. albula.Convallaria majalis. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. Yucca filamentosa. Adam's.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Artemisia ludoviciana var.21.Artemisia stellerana.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. lavender 12.Lunaria annua.Salvia sclarea. tulip 37. rose 41. white 27. white stock absinthe 10. lily-ofthe-valley 11. dame's honesty rocket 14.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Hesperis matronalis.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. rose 40.Chrysanthemum parthenium. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Ipomoea alba.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. white 22. daffodil 35.Malus 'Guiding Star'. tulip 38. Artemisia lactiflora. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. Artemisia absinthium. Viola odorata.

related to an old mill reconstruction. This herb garden.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. < previous page page_76 next page > . Many of these herbs lack the hues. required their use as an educational adjunct. textures. Rather. too.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

34.Anchusa officinalis. Manila 25. sweet 49.Dipsacus sativus. flax 21. dyer's broom safflower 6.38. 37.Phytolacca americana. 23. 22. alkanet 52.Isatis tinctoria.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Anthemis tinctoria.Tagetes patula.Galium odoratum. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Allium cepa.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Ligustrum vulgare. sumac poke 17. 1. lily. woad Susan laevifolium. broad 42.Reseda luteola.Galium verum. 26.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Gossypium hirsutum. 47. 43. ramie 24. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Carthamus tinctorius. Hibiscus cannabinus.Cytisus scoparius. Musa textilis.Rubia tinctorum. blueberry 13. French 33. henequen marigold bearberry 8. Abutilon theophrasti. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. 20.Parmelia conspersa. 35.Coreopsis tinctoria.Berberis vulgaris. 28.Solidago species. 39.Hydrastis canadensis. 48. African 45.Monarda didyma. 29. black-eyed 50. privet marigold 15. weld 57. Scotch broom hemp 7. fuller's 30.Sanguinaria canadensis. madder 54.Hypericum perforatum. bee 36. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Filipendula ulmaria.Indigofera tinctoria.Coptis trifolia.Crocus sativus. onion China jute 4.Mahonia aquifolium.Furcraea hexapetala. saffron crocus marguerite 3. goldthread 41. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Morus rubra or alba. Agave sisalana. garden 56.Rhus typhina..Rumex acetosa.Genista tinctoria.Convallaria majalis. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. Sansevieria trifasciata.Prunus persica.Genista germanica.46. 53.Cotinus coggygria.Tagetes erecta. yellow 55. sisal 27. queen. peach bracken sorrel 19.51. Agave fourcroydes.Viburnum acerifolium. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. St.Pteridium aquilinum. 32.Chelidonium majus.Agrimonia eupatoria. stinging nettle44.Rumex obtusifolius. Linum usitatissimum. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Urtica dioica. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Rudbeckia hirta. golden 40. dyer's 31. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Cladrastis lutea. Boehmeria nivea.

is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. < previous page page_78 next page > . a sundial surrounded by the dainty.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. A totally appealing edging. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Elsewhere. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. as well as the roses.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

cl. 'Belle Amour' 6. cl. 22. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 23. 1. 'Queen of the Prairies'. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Empress Josephine' 7.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'White Rose of York' 3. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. rambler 19. 'American Pillar'. 'Mignonette' 5. cl. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Alfred de Rougemont'. rambler 20. 'Seven Sisters'. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 25. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Sombreuil'. 24. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 18. Legras de St. 'Marie Pavic' 8.

< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . The notch of four square feet. Circles and angles provide interest. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

graveolens 'French Dinant'. 48.A. schoenoprasum.B. 30. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. kohlrabi Rock'.Solanum melongena var. 27. 40. garlic chive 44. dulce 'Utah 5270'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.A. Beauty'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. Capsicum annuum var.A. red 37. eggplant 43. C.C. cherry tomato 34.S. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. 45. graveolens var. tuberosum. annuum 'Black Prince'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. oleracea 'Green Parade'.B.B.B. sprouts celery 8.L. C. celery Group. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.S.C.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.A.A. annuum 'Variegata'. Boerner. pear Purple Vienna'. C. curly eggplant parsley 23. 32. annuum 'Red Boy'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.sativa 'Ruby'.C. Petroselinum crispum var. C. scorodoprasum.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. giant garlic var.B.Apium graveolens var. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.B. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.B. white-flowered kale 49. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.esculentum 'Long Black'. oleracea 'Prima'. C. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. 29.C. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. graveolens var. cepa Proliferum Group.L. annuum 'Nosegay'. annuum 'Teno'.A. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. red-flowered kale 6. celery I 31.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. crispum 'Banquet'. 28. dulce 47.B. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. lycopersicum var. C. dulce 50. annuum 'Pinocchio'.B. annuum 'Golden Bell'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. shallot Lakes'. 22. 25. oleracea 'Red Acre'.A. leek 5.A.C. annuum 'Fips'. annuum 'Mosaic'.C.annuum 'Floral Gem'. ruby swiss chard var.B. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. C. celery Bed 9. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. graveolens var. red 38.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.Cichorium intybus. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.B. melongena 1. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. 39. 26. 24.A. melongena 2. chive 42.

and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. for each is a complete entity. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. winter savory.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. arcs. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . When viewed from the terrace above. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. All of the circles. and golden thyme.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

P. × nervosum 'Torento'. lemon geranium 22. Teucrium chamaedrys. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.P.P.. apricot geranium28.P. acerifolium. 17. 1.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. tomentosum.P. Landscape Architect. germander crowfoot geranium 21. crispum 'French Lace. gooseberry geranium 24. 12. 19. graveolens.P. lime geranium Rose'.P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.S. Livingston'. P.P. Santolina chamaecyparissus. P. rose geranium 27. crispum.' lemon geranium 23.P.L. pungent-scented geranium 25.A. Marshall. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. orange geranium 8. 15.Melissa R. A. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. Santolina virens.P.P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. scabrum. × domesticum 6. apple gray santolina geranium 3. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. maple-leaved 18. grossularioides.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. P. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . Satureja montana.P. golden 11. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. rose-scented geranium 4. green 14. 29. inkberry geranium 9. winter 13.P. odoratissimum.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. peppermint 26. Assoc. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.Ilex glabra.Myrica pensylvanica.P.P.× nervosum. The number in each planting area is the key number. radens 'Dr. oak-leaved geranium 16.

Santolina virens. such as a dwarf edging box. filled with plants that have contrasting color. closed knot design. 1. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. For the knot to look its best at all times. and growth to the plants of the knot design. on page 37." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design.Hyssopus officinalis. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. To ease the care for a more complicated design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. sand. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. especially when it is blooming. Maintenance is high for a knot. texture. was planted using edging box only. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. Its interspaces can be mulched. or marble chips. which is framed with a brick edging. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern.Lavandula angustifolia. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. blue hyssop 3. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. . English lavender 2. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive.

1. gray santolina 3. green santolina 2.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 4. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina virens. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.

and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. In another departure from the usual. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. caraway thyme 9. arcticus 'Albus'. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. praecox subsp. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. which are confined to that area. 'Munstead'. white 7.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Some maintenance is required for clipping.officinalis 'Tricolor'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. Teucrium chamaedrys.T. The knot material is maintained at six inches. variegated garden sage . 1.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. rosemary creeping thyme 2. which is found more often out in the open. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. the height of the edging. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. 8.T. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. purple variegated 11. fig 4. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. creeping thymes. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.S. herba-barona. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. gray santolina 2.Teucrium canadense. lavender . Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. American germander 3.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. germander .

Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

again laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. pleasing color. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. each one a quarter-circle. adding another facet to an appealing design. < previous page page_88 next page > . which are also laid on edge.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Anthemis marschalliana.Teucrium fruticans.Helichrysum angustifolium. lavender 8.Salvia clevelandii.Artemisia frigida. rue 21.Leontopodium alpinum. golden marguerite 25.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. silver thyme 6.Marrubium incanum. dwarf 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus. samphire14. gray santolina 2. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. silver horehound 19. 18.Lavandula dentata var. tree artemisia 26.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. curry plant 7. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Artemisia arborescens. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus × caryophyllus. Russian sage 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French lavender 3.Salvia argentea. candicans. fern-leaf yarrow 27. glaucum 11. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Stachys byzantina. silver sage 15.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Perovskia atriplicifolia. tree germander 22.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 16.Anthemis tinctoria. dwarf gray santolina 20.Allium senescens var.The number in each planting area is the key number. lavender 9. angustifolia 'Rosea'. 1.Santolina neapolitana 10. blue sage 13.Crithmum maritimum.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 17. lavender 5. woolly yarrow 23.

Styles of containers. oregano. < previous page page_90 next page > . sweet marjoram. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. thyme. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. basil. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. If one is familiar with herbs. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. As with other plant material.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. and the savories. Some are rosemary. are without number. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. lady's-mantle. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. which include hanging baskets. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. The color of the container plays a lesser role.

< previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden.

< previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

L. Of course supervision is necessary. < previous page page_95 next page > . Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. LandscapeArchitect. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. such an outlay would be unwarranted. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. If children's interest is not sustained.S. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. A. However.A. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.

Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. they are easily handpicked. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. These are ''old roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. too. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Instead of benches on the patio. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. < previous page page_96 next page > . woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Just keep a garden design for children simple. an experiment with turf seats could be tried." selected for their greater fragrance. Children in this age group can help with the construction.

L. Landscape Architect.S. . A.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.

Borago officinalis.Allium senescens var. ophioscorodon.Anethum graveolens.Origanum majorana.Hedeoma pulegioides.Allium tuberosum.Nepeta cataria. American 21. Levisticum officinale. 16. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Marrubium vulgare. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. dwarf 6.Tropaeolum minus. dill pennyroyal 11.Rosa gallica. borage 15.Satureja hortensis.The number in each planting area is the key number. neapolitanum. horehound 26. garden sage 24.Artemisia camphorata. catnip 27. clary 25.Allium moly. 20. dyer's bush basil woad 9. Nigella damascena. cottage pink 18. 1. glaucum 31. damask rose 32. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Italian parsley 23. 13.Salvia sclarea.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia abrotanum. lovage 12. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Dianthus plumarius.Chenopodium botrys. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lily leek 30. garlic chive 29. summer savory 22.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Calendula officinalis. alpine strawberry 3.Isatis tinctoria. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . ambrosia 2.rocambole 28. southernwood 5.Rosa damascena. crispum. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. love-in-a-mist 14.Salvia officinalis. pot marigold 8. Petroselinum crispum var. 19. English lavender 7.Allium sativum var. English lavender 4.Petroselinum crispum var.

An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. < previous page page_98 next page > . this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. The oval. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. not noted on the plan. All are inviting to the touch. are a seal and a turtle. The sculptures. previously used as a skating rink. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator.

A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect.A.R. . F.

bee balm Satureja montana. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. Greek Stachys byzantina. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. lousewort Viola canina. chive dandelion Allium sativum. English Tussilago farfara. bee orchid Erigeron. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. duckweed Antennaria. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. dog violet Lemna. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. coltsfoot Mimulus. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . Trifolium pratense. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. Allium schoenoprasum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. mint Galium odoratum. Nepeta cataria. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. cowslip Linaria. tansy Monarda didyma. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. fleabane Stellaria. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. chamomile Mentha. marigold Salvia officinalis. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. winter savory Mentha. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. mint Tagetes. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys.Hedeoma pulegioides. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. borage Tanacetum vulgare. fat-hen Primula veris.

its wooden structure long gone. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. a mint. it is a most satisfying growing situation. developed particularly for study. Here. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. Its plant list. Their height eases the task of weeding. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Instead. are superb for displaying potted herbs. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. an exceedingly long one.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. for an old barn foundation of stone. and old barn beams another about the same height. feverfew. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Still. A number of wooden window frames. < previous page page_101 next page > .

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

T. skirret 90. Grecian 59.Thymus praecox subsp.A. winter savory 88. catmint 63.Stachys officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Stachys grandifora 93. sweet cicely 94.Nepeta mussinii.O. 'Purpurascens'. viper's 65.Tanacetum vulgare var.T. St.Campanula persicifolia. fern-leaf tansy 95. bee balm57. camphor.S. golden lemon thyme 99.Lavandula angustifolia. praecox subsp.Chrysanthemum balsamita. French tarragon geranium 7.T 'Argenteus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. plantain 80.Viola odorata.Valeriana officinalis.Plantago major.Calendula officinalis.Melissa officinalis. rampion 81. foxglove cypress spurge 21. officinalis 'Purpurea'. calamint valerian 24. dyer's woodruff broom 3.O.T.Rubia tinctorum. onites.M.P. purple basil English lavender 18.Aloysia triphylla. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.A.Lychnis coronaria. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Digitalis purpurea. beach 47. lemon thyme 100. graveolens. odoratissimum. wormwood germander 9.T.S. variegated garden sage 87. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. 55.Achillea millefolium.Echium vulgare.Pelargonium crispum. absinthe 51. crispum. officinalis 'Tricolor'. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Levisticum officinale.Pulmonaria officinalis. silver thyme 105. majorana.Digitalis lanata. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. wild lemon basil ginger 16. bee balm lovage 20. 66. mosquito plant 19.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. balm horehound 14. pallasianus.Galium odoratum. celandine madder 79.Angelica archangelica. didyma 'Rosea'. 60. sweet 41. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Chelidonium majus.A.Hyssopus officinalis.T. southernwood ground cherry 10.Hypericum perforatum. 42. 'Clear Gold'. yarrow herb Robert 4. thyme 102.Satureja montana. 50. pot marjoram bugloss 27. marsh mallow 13.Asarum canadense. rue 83. basil blue hyssop 15. lemon verbena 106.A. betony 92.Genista tinctoria.Artemisia dracunculus var. crimson creeping thyme 96. 64. 45. abrotanum.Teucrium chamaedrys. pot marigold 25. absinthium. caraway thyme 103.A. rosemary 82. arcticus 'Coccineus'. pontica. basilicum 56. × citriodorus. 43.Sempervivum tectorum.Agastache cana.Agastache foeniculum. woolly thyme 101. 54. creeping veronica .Marrubium vulgare.Campanula rapunculus. pink 58. arcticus 'Albus'. 62.Salvia officinalis.T. lemon 52.Ruta graveolens. purple variegated garden sage 85.Viola tricolor. 48. alpine savory 89.Euphorbia cyparissias. 61.T.Althaea officinalis.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Sium sisarum.Alchemilla vulgaris.S.O. tomentosum. 1. golden marjoram 26.P. garden sage 84.P.Geranium robertianum. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Monarda didyma.O. Roman 46. rose sativa.49. basilicum 'Minimum'.Acinos alpinus.A.Veronica serpyllifolia. herba-barona.Calamintha grandiflora. foxglove 2.O. camphorata. sweet violet 40. rose costmary campion 23. praecox subsp. nitidus. lesser 67. angelica lemon geranium 5. southernwood houseleek 12. golden thyme 98.T. stellerana. 44.Poterium sanguisorba. odorous thyme 104.-John'swort 91.Ranunculus ficaria. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. richardii subsp.Physalis heterophylla. officinalis 'Aurea'.Ocimum basilicum.Myrrhis odorata. golden variegated garden sage 86. apple wormwood geranium 8. sweet 53. white creeping thyme 97.

dyer's woad 110.Laurus nobilis.Lysimachia vulgaris. tree onion 112. orach115. orange mint 32. × gentilis. Madonna lily leucanthemum. yucca 109. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Chrysanthemum 74. evening 77.Prunus pensylvanica. garlic 111.Cichorium intybus. feverfew cinerariifolium. pin cherry 39.M.Origanum vulgare. veronica 108.V. wild 116. × piperita var. ostrowskianum 34.Atriplex hortensis.Mentha suaveolens.Sorbaria sorbifolia. 73. moth 113. chicory 70.Verbascum thapsus. red mint comfrey 33.Helichrysum angustifolium. 76.M.Origanum dictamnus. 71. citrata. curry plant mullein 35. Proliferum Group.Veronica officinalis.M.Isatis tinctoria. 114. cowslip 72. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.A.cepa. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. pineapple mint 31.29. apple mint 69.Anthriscus cerefolium. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . blattaria.Chrysanthemum 78. chamomile 30.A.Dianthus plumarius 75.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Yucca filamentosa. chervil 68. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M.Primula veris.Symphytum officinale. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Oenothera biennis. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. spicata.Lilium candidum.Chamaemelum nobile.Allium sativum. spearmint 107.Myrtus communis.

The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. A statue of St. Francis. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. < previous page page_104 next page > . its outline constructed of brick. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. not just hiding it. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. of good proportion for the size of the opening. A wheelshaped bed. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. but not obvious.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . lion's-ear prismaticum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. menthifolia. Vetiveria zizanioides. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. cat Watsonia rosea. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. Eleocharis dulcis. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Cestrum nocturnum. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. loquat Cichorium intybus.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. Eriobotrya japonica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. labdanum Cistus crispus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. AREA VI japonica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. white Justicia carnea. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. only those not found on other lists are noted here. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. poet's Solidago californica. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. AREA IV Ixia maculata. potato Brassica eruca.

Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. scented-leaf geraniums. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. The exterior brick path. its pattern bordered in correct proportion.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. but also for proper leaf size. or potpourri. and a third a culinary garden. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. is a center of interest. an "old rose" and fragrant. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. < previous page page_106 next page > . emphasizes the circle. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. another a Mary garden. One is a garden of legends. not only for hardiness where needed. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. to name a few.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

sweet marjoram basil 12.19. garden up sage 10. chive bedstraw 16.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. sweet 21. pyrethrum 5. dill 11. pot 26. lady's. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Chrysanthemum balsamita. chamomile 3.Salvia officinalis. angelica 2. rue 28. spearmint 22.Crocus sativus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Narcissus mustard 14.Calendula officinalis. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Galium verum. black 23. costmary 6. 27. blue 18.Ruta graveolens. 1. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. Hyssopus officinalis. Viola tricolor.The number in each planting area is the key number. English ivy rosemary 8. absinthe 4.Origanum majorana. white dead 24.Brassica nigra. Angelica archangelica. yellow 25. flax 17.Hedera helix. Johnny-jump. Artemisia absinthium. hyssop rose 9.Alchemilla vulgaris. Linum usitatissimum.20. saffron crocus marigold 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Anethum graveolens.Ocimum basilicum.Lamium album.Mentha spicata. English thyme 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile.

It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. < previous page page_108 next page > . The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.

rue Malva alcea var. sweet Myrtus communis.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. blue Lamium maculatum. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. lemon balm Mentha spicata. Cotinus coggygria. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. Artemisia absinthium. thyme Cnicus benedictus. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. beach Monarda didyma. fastigiata. bay Echeveria × imbricata. perennial flax Galium odoratum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Myrrhis odorata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. clove Marrubium vulgare. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. Russian 'Prostratus'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. peppermint Laurus nobilis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis.

< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. simply on a smaller scale. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. Appropriately used as accents. This is a general rule observed. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. < previous page page_110 next page > . The generous use of edgings. and huge. features a closed knot of superior design. Viewed from the terrace garden. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. too. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens.

The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.A.Hyssopus officinalis.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. dwarf box . that of good proportion.Santolina virens. germander 2. Design plan of herb garden 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. six feet in diameter. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. gray santolina 7. Routine clipping is required.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop 3. A. The number in each planting area is the key number. Landscape Architect.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. and the mulch. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. of greater size than is commonly found.L. 'Tiny Rubies'. cheddar pink 4.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. green santolina 6. has its size dictated by a rule of design.S. lavender 5. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

plum Prunus maritima. quince Magnolia virginiana. beach plum Corylus avellana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. box Myrica pensylvanica. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. black haw Prunus americana. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. honey locust Cornus florida. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. dogwood Pinus nigra. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. shadbush Salix caprea. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . box Calycanthus fioridus. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. goat willow Sassafras albidum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. japonica. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi.

The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. Currently. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. 'Doone Valley' . The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. arcticus T. 'Argenteus'. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. However. and a miscellany of others. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. herba-barona. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. Lavandula. 'Annie Hall' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. doerfleri T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Salvia. praecox subsp. leucotrichus T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. As a rule. caraway thyme T. praecox subsp.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. its plant material varied. silver thyme T. Rosmarinus.

crimson creeping thyme T. praecox subsp. golden thyme T. leucantha. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. heterophylla. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. guaranitica.T. anise sage S. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. arcticus 'Coccineus'. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia subsp. blue sage S. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. ramie . involucrata. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. officinalis 'Purpurea'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. praecox subsp. angustifolia. golden variegated sage S. woolly thyme T. golden rosemary R. autumn sage S. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. greggii. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. purple variegated garden sage S. Mexican bush sage S. sweet lavender L. English lavender L. pine-scented rosemary R. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. angustifolia subsp. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustissimus. dentata. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. 'Clear Gold'. officinalis 'Prostratus'.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. family needsmedicinal. to sweeten the air. L. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. obedient plant. to lure bees. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Smith. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. balmony. horsetail. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. The house. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Herniaria glabra. which were located between the water supply. for scrubbing pots. Circumstances determined these priorities. Prunella vulgaris. Cheloneglabra. Primarily. rupturewort. used in salads or boiled. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Physostegia virginiana. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. The apple trees. culinary. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. a well beside the house. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. constructed of brick made on the property. Sium sisarum. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Hesperis matronalis. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Equisetum arvense. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > .< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife.

too. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. < previous page page_116 next page > . in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. too. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. while functional. for a few are in use now. Today. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Prunus angustifolia. fig 6. 15.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium sativum.Malus angustifolia. southern laciniata. yellow 12. garlic 9. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. 1.Laurus nobilis. 16. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Punica granatum. trumpet 11. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Sambucus canadensis.Pinus taeda.Lonicera flava. bay 7.Ficus carica.Lonicera sempervirens.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Banksia rose 14. Cape jasmine 10. pomegranate 3. Gardenia jasminoides. rosemary 2.Syringa × persica var. wisteria 13.Wisteria frutescens.Rosa banksiae. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lagerstroemia indica.

The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. < previous page page_118 next page > . All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Appropriately. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. too. Italy.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. The effect would be quite different without them.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Asarum virginicum. fennel 40.Levisticum officinale.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. yarrow lungwort 22. fuller's teasel 67. sweet 64. black 29.Lobelia siphilitica.Salvia officinalis.Rubus allegheniensis.Colchicum autumnale.Lilium candidum.Sassafras albidum. 38.Anethum graveolens.Mentha × piperita.Lindera benzoin.Populus balsamifera.Symphytum officinale. balm autumn crocus 2. hyssop sassafras 20. foxglove 41.Calendula officinalis.Monarda punctata.Santolina chamaecyparissus. myrtle 53.Foeniculum vulgare.Ilex vomitoria.Asclepias tuberosa.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Vinca minor. blue 46.Agrimonia eupatoria. 42. pot 48.Hamamelis virginiana.Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis. 43. saffron crocus 25.Elizabeth Lawrence. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. sativa. senna woodruff 15. garden sage 59. butterfly 32. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Buxus sempervirens.Crocus sativus.Punica granatum. 37. St. peppermint 52. yellow-root 7. sweet shrub 10. lovage 35.Laurus nobilis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Nepeta cataria. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. 61.Galium odoratum. 1.Calycanthus fioridus. 63. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Borago officinalis. 30. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Hypericum perforatum.Mentha spicata. wild ginger69.Artemisia abrotanum.Acorus calamus.Ilex opaca. great 47.Verbascum thapsus.Monarda didyma. bee balm 28. tansy 65. clove 36.Tanacetum vulgare.Cimicifuga racemosa.Rosa laevigata.Lavandula angustifolia.Teucrium chamaedrys.Achillea millefolium. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 54. 66. American holly 16.Armoracia rusticana. yaupon pink southernwood 12. white periwinkle spicebush 13. lemon 26. catnip 34. basil chive 3.Lonicera sempervirens.Cornus florida.Hyssopus officinalis.Paeonia officinalis.Chamaemelum nobile. horsemint lobelia 23. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. borage 31. sweet flag marigold 24.Digitalis purpurea.Rosmarinus officinalis. 55. spearmint 62.Marrubium vulgare.Ruta graveolens.Cassia marilandica. agrimony 58. mullein 49. blue 44. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. 50. bay lavender wintergreen 21. 70. sweet 27.Eupatorium perfoliatum. box chamomile 9.57. 33. peony 51.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 60.Mentha pulegium.Dipsacus sativus. dill 39.Allium schoenoprasum. rue 56.Chimaphila umbellata.Pinckneya pubens. gray santolina witch hazel 11. dogwood horehound 18.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Gaultheria procumbens. 45. 68.

for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. 1 T.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. < previous page page_120 next page > . In any event. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This is true for the remedies. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. preventives. and fragrances they developed. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers.

black haw 23.Digitalis purpurea.Nepeta cataria.Pyrus communis.Papaver somniferum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. catnip 16. foxglove 12.Satureja montana.Mentha spicata.Artemisia absinthium.Levisticum officinale.Viburnum prunifolium.Cydonia oblonga. 14. spearmint 17. winter savory 4. 1. peppermint 18. horsemint 20. tansy 11. horehound 15.Hyssopus officinalis. English 10.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . absinthe 9.Rosmarinus officinalis.Carum carvi.Tanacetum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil 13. English thyme rosemary 7.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha × piperita. quince 24.Salvia officinalis. apothecary's rose 22. lavender lovage 3. sweet marjoram 6.Origanum majorana. pot marigold 2. Calendula officinalis. garden sage 8. blue hyssop 21. opium poppy 5.Monarda punctata.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lavandula angustifolia. caraway 19.

one dated 1759. < previous page page_122 next page > . The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. Allowed such freedom of expression. for example the large square bed with circular path. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. Some could be used singly. makes it something of a focal point. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. to study it. from early Moravian settlements. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and bricks raise the beds. Thus it was for this garden. often it is reconstructed. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. the other 1761. and if the best has not always survived. The main paths of brick unify the garden. Shaded by hop vines. The beds are used to achieve balance.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. centrally located. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden.

A.S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Campbell. Landscape Architect. . A.L.

rue 14. dwarf nasturtium 13.Amaranthus caudatus. chestnut rose 43. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Crocus sativus. annual clary 3.Artemisia vulgaris.Mentha spicata.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue 69. damask coriander rose 19. 80.Bellis perennis.Achillea millefolium.Scabiosa atropurpurea. grape larkspur 41.Matthiola incana. asparagus 31.Asparagus officinalis. 66.Vitis.Tropaeolum minus. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. daisy crape myrtle 23.Rosa centifolia. saffron peppermint crocus 35. madder 16. virgin's bower 40. borage 5. garden nasturtium 12. cockscomb 47.Melissa officinalis.Silybum marianum.Rosa roxburghii. stock 50.Atriplex hortensis.Nigella sativa. horehound 56.Rosa gallica. hollyhock 51. basil moss rose 44. mugwort67.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. 62.Salvia viridis.Colchicum autumnale.Clematis virginiana. clove 53.Symphytum officinale.Allium schoenoprasum. garlic lungwort 36. love. 48.The number in each planting area is the key number. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Coriandrum sativum. 74.Rosa eglanteria. marsh mallow 7. spearmint 57. red pepper 20.Rheum rhabarbarum.Artemisia abrotanum. cabbage angustifolia.Cornusflorida. rhubarb 10. absinthe 45.Cercis canadensis. feverfew southern magnolia 27. balm chive 37.Consolida ambigua. chamomile 17.77. 81.Salvia sclarea. corn poppy 79.Althaea officinalis. English 78.Rosmarinus officinalis. orach 76.Ficus. 54.Tropaeolum majus. 68.Carum carvi. fennel marjoram 28.Hydrangea quercifolia.Pulmonaria officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Lagerstroemia indica. hop southernwood 39.Hyssopus officinalis. garden sage 15. 1. Madonna lily 59.Petroselinum crispum. French rose 18.Ruta graveolens.Rosa moschata. black cumin 46. yarrow 4.Inula helenium. comfrey 33. dill 73. English thyme 2.Rosa damascena. lovage 9. sweet 55.Artemisia absinthium. elecampane 11. parsley 32. redbud 24.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Narcissus tazetta. catnip 70. Carolina jessamine 38.Papaver rhoeas. sweet 71. blessed thistle 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. betony 82.Rubia tinctorum.Magnolia grandiflora.Anethum graveolens. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Borago officinalis. 52. hyssop maypop 42. polyanthus narcissus 60. lemon 64.Tanacetum vulgare. poet's narcissus 61.Passiflora incarnata. tansy 6.Celosia cristata.Alcea rosea.Aquilegia vulgaris.Rumex acetosa. sorrel 65.Humulus lupulus.Stachys officinalis. lavender rose 21. autumn crocus 34. blue 63. columbine 29.Allium sativum.Nepeta cataria.Saponaria officinalis.Gelsemium sempervirens.Armoracia rusticana.Lilium candidum.Ocimum basilicum.Dianthus caryophyllus. caraway 72. rosemary49. eglantine Group.Chamaemelum nobile.Mentha × piperita.Origanum majorana.Cnicus benedictus. holy thistle 58. clary 30.Marrubium vulgare.Narcissus poeticus.Chrysanthemum parthenium.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Usually this is least desirable.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. it is proper to make a trial run. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Although some observations may seem obvious. far from the house. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. and the north point is established. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. The next most desirable exposure. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. even boggy. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Calluna (heather). to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. A ravine and existing. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. Thus. the western. This space was never adequate. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. The lesser the scale. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. First. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces.

and the property line on the last. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The new herb garden has been located. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. as the drawing on p. < previous page page_126 next page > . another is close to the rear of the house. The outline is fixed. single bed. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. certainly not precisely the same. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. 127 indicates. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Then. a driveway on still another. but it need not be identical.ground where drainage is better. It was a pleasurable assignment. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The. 77 provided the needed inspiration. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The general outline is similar. and the search did not take long. There is the housegarage structure on one side. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Indeed. all four sides are so determined.

So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. If. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. There was no . A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. In addition. In fact. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. With the plan established. then north. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. as in this case. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. If all is well. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. this low wall will enclose the garden area. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. something is amiss. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. Two drawings were required to work out problems. forming the outer boundary of the service path.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

In this area. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. this was. however. a lapped joint was fashioned. not one completed in a weekend. the site required some leveling. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. A structural edging was in order. . At corners. In this case. and the finished edging would be effective. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. admittedly. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. eight. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. Before edgings could be put in place. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. In the earlier stage of planning. However. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. However. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. the eight-foot length was more practical. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. The latter need to be more substantially paved. this same base underlies all the paths. sand. A choice of five colors was available. Unfortunately. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Weeds. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. but there are exits to different levels. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Aged compost. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. One is the ramp to the driveway. leaves. This method of treatment now guarantees . selected for its simplicity. could serve this purpose.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. Heavy black plastic. for they will likely have more traffic. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. filling the beds with soil was next. had been proof of that. The pattern is running bond. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden.

even bed for the pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. worth the added cost. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. However. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. on a trial run of one course of brick. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.

learned about decades earlier. . they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. Herbs have flourished in the beds. and the steps to other levels. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. With the completion of the paths. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. since that path borders the house." their construction can be somewhat varied. French drains. converging where it was logical to do so. Sometimes called "rubble drains. the terraced area. for it would interfere with the drainage system. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. In this instance. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook.

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and so on. albula. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. in inches. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. is symmetrical. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Its arrow points north and. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . twelfths of an inch. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. E EllipseAn oval. casts the shadow for the hour. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. in tenths of an inch. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. hundredths of an inch. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. for example. and so on. a garden plan. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. for example. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. often a wall or trellis. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. having a variety of gradations. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. sixteenths of an inch. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure.

heated especially by fermenting manure. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. rounded fragments of rock. Preferred by those who strive for neatness.brick) in the same course. a flat. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Usually a few inches thick. ForthrightA straight course or path. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. a patterned garden. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. or colored earths. G GazeboA freestanding. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. turf. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed.3. loose. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. Pea gravelSmall. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances.3). also called rubble drain. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. roofed structure usually open on the sides. GrindstoneMillstone. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. M ManufactoryA factory. its compartments filled with flowers. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

W Wall. ranking between species and variety. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. TreillageLatticework for vines. < previous page page_132 next page > . Turf seatBanked-up earth. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Stone. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. not treelike or with a single trunk. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. V VarietyA category below species. often planted with aromatic herbs. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. or steps. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. walls. snug fit for walks. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. called also a hose cock. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. cutting. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. R Rose. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity.

Batsford. and Garden. 1972. Crowe. Cross. Jot. Helen H. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1966. Herbs and the Earth. 1976. 1980. 1942. The Garden (An Illustrated History). London: Marshall Cavendish. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Herbsfor Every Garden. John Philip. Flannery. 1972. Liberty Hyde. New York: Dover. Earle. 1933. 1935. and Louden. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Putnam's Sons. 1980. London: Country Life. Hanging Plants for Home. Greenwood. The Herb Garden. Gertrude B. Behme. Prof. 1938. Carpenter. Clarkson. Seal. . American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1979. 1971. Edlin. 1977. The Small Garden.. Coats. 1982. Brownlow. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Toronto. Peter. Foley. British Plants. and Accessories.. Staff of. Henry. 1963. 14701670. John. John E. Foster. W. New York: Macmillan. 1961. New York: Simon and Schuster. L. New York: Crown Publishers. Terrace. Herbals. Julia S.. Beston. Bailey Hortorium. Park's Success with Herbs. Charlotte. Berrall. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Foster. Kent: The Herb Farm. Rosemary F. Roses. Complements. 1951. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. . 1957. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Dutton & Co. London: Adam and Charles Black. H. New York. Park Seed Co. New York: Viking Press.. London: Saturn Press. Frances A. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1958. New York: Macmillan. Gertrude B. Alice Morse. Book of the Geranium. P. 1962. 1951. Doran & Co. 1944. Room Outside. 1966. Garden City: Doubleday. Green Enchantment.: Geo. New York: Hawthorne Books. S. 1971. L. New York: Viking Press. Fox. 1973. Bailey. Sevenoaks. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Agnes. Bardswell. . London. 1970.. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. The Cultivated Basils. P. Robert Lee. New York: E. How Plants Get Their Names. New York: G. Rosetta E. Mo. Sydney: B. Baumgardt.C. 1902. Erichsen-Brown. Garden Design. Aurora. Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan. T. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Harriet Ballard.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Sylvia. Helen Morgenthau. Darrah. 1911. Independence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.: Buckeye Printing Co. London: Macmillan. Brookes. New York: Macmillan. Daniel J. H. Margaret E. ed. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance.

Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Cherokee Plants. Philippa. Rev. The Book of Spices... Simmons. 1959. Patrick M. Loyal R. Paul B. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Landscaping with Vines. Italy. Roses of the World in Color. Early American Gardens. Franco. Pa. New York: Van Nostrand. Moldenke.. 1971. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Vicenza. and Alma L. M. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Ireys. New York: Doubleday. New York: Dover. New York: Clarkson N. 1981. Sylva. C. New York: Viking Press. A. 1911. Sarah. Claire. 1969. 1966. Neri. Waltham. Roy. Potter. Pozza. How to Select. 1973. Hamel. 1975. Jones. New York: William Morrow and Co. Tucson: H. Modern Herbal. A Biblical Garden. Mrs. Lathrop. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Plants of the Bible. chemist. 1983. 1952. Hendrickson. Dutton & Co. Adelma G.: Chronica Botanica Co. 1975. Eleanour Sinclair. P. New York: Crown Publishers. Helen K.. 1978. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Howard. Eigel.. How to Landscape Your Grounds.. Dorothy Bovee. 1974. Norma Jean. 1976. New York: Dover. The Berry Book. 1982. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Rosengarten. Lesch. Shaker Herbs. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs.C. Mass. Division Billboard Publications. 1970. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Lawrence. J. Wynnewood. New York: De La Mare. New York: Macmillan. and Rice.: Livingston Pub. New York: Macmillan. 1951. Frances... P. London: George Routledge & Sons. and Synge.: Herald Publishing Co. Carol. < previous page page_133 next page > . ed. Walter. 2d ed. Mary U. Bernard Hickey. New York: Macmillan. Kiaer. Flowers of the Field. Johns. and Brunello. 1969. Lerner. Alma.. Claire. Boston. 1970. Elizabeth. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. (1st American edition trans.. Harold N. 1938. Jr. A Garden of Herbs. Books. Hay. Loewenfeld. and Back. Gardens in Winter.. 1981. 1946. M. Leighton. The Herb Garden. 1964. 1972.. Loewenfeld. Horace. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: William Morrow & Co. Co. Lawrence. N. Herbs. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Grieve. Muenscher. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices.) Rohde. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Miller. The Art of Dyeing. George H. Frederic. Alice Recknagel. 1971. Krauss. Toronto: Little. Brown & Co. 1976. Boston. 1979. Myron.Garland. Ann. Edited by Clarence Elliott. London: Faber and Faber. New York: E. . Grow and Enjoy. Amy Bess. Robert. Johnson. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1961. and Chiltoskey. 1974. New York: Harper & Bros. McFarland.

. Mrs. Morss. Meyer. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Cozart. Raymond V. Hines. James C. New York: Bobbs-Merrill.. Bush. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Vivian. and Robert B. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. L. Amy Bess Miller.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.A.. Mrs. ed. Mrs.L. Christopher. Martin. Mrs. Elizabeth Lawrence.. William Y Dear. Straus. Leonard Dreyfuss. The Fragrant Garden. Michael. L. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Fragrance in the Garden.A. 1979. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. Vera Breed. Mrs. Hammond Crawford.A.. W.A. White. Sherry D. Benjamin McF. Price. A. Robert G. Mrs. Charles L.A.A. 1957. Taloumis. L. Norman. and Mrs. L. A. Paxton. ed. Building Stone Walls. Mr. Plimpton. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Margaret Osborn Holt. Webster. Malcolm. 1967.L. . Mrs. Boerner. Jo Lohmolder. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. L. Vt. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1976.. Mrs. The Fragrant Year. Rhoda Specht. Weber.The Old Shrub Roses. New York: William Morrow & Co. Rev. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.. New York. 1966. Mrs. . Esther. Graham Stuart. London: Phoenix House. C. Mrs. Stearn. Mrs. A. Melissa R. . William T. Sandy Hicks. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Wilson. Herbs in the Garden. Katherine S. Barbara Capen. Robert K. Lamm. William T. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.A. Charlotte. New York: St. George T. Helen Noyes. Revised by Dr.. Marion E. Diane C. Shrub Roses of Today. Bynam. 1979. L. Bradner. L.. New York: Farrar. Moffit. Botanical Latin. Zohary. Keebler. Plants of the Bible. A. Jr. Austin R. 1974.R. New York. Peter M. Giroux. 1962. Indianapolis. Yang.D.. New York: Doubleday. James D.A. Mrs. Berkeley Brandt. Jr. John Ormsbee. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs. and Bell. Martin's Press. Maxton Davies.. Stuart.A. Griffin. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Thacker. Gannaway. Mrs.A. 1979. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1931. Stearn. John Poinier.S.A. Mrs. Neil Hamill Park.. Charles Patch. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Z. Nelva M. Louise Beebe. Boston: Ralph T. H. Martin's. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Philip Batchelder. Landscape Architecture.A..A.. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1953.. William W. L. 1972. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Mrs.A. Jack Emil Geist. Mrs. The History of Gardens. Ingersoll. 1942. New York: St. A. Mrs. Climbing Roses Old and New. .S. Tarantino. Alfred L..A. New York: Dover. Campbell. 1972. William Radler. Leonie. Mrs.L.. Wilder. L. Linda. 1976. The Shakespeare Garden. Container Gardening Outdoors.: Garden Way. Jr. Smith.A. Graham. Singleton. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Virginia B. Baker.. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Elisabeth W. L. W T. 1961.S. London: Phoenix House. Marshall. New York: Hafner. Bates. Martha Dahlen. Hale & Co. L. Madalene Hill... Thomas. Donald Paxton. 1953. Bleecker. L. 1965.. 1982. Frank M. Herbert G. L. George. Pees.. Henry Gund. Associate.A. Susan W. Mrs. Mrs.. New ed. 1975. 1972.A. William C. McGarry. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. T. F. L. Taylor. Winthrop G. John.

Mrs. Frederick E. Lawrence Schetky. Hales Corners. Boerner Botanical Gardens.. Ark. R. L. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Michigan State University. Pawtucket. Mrs. James S. Greenland. Timothy Procter Ruh. Eric Duke Scott. Nathan Sameth.. Eloise andJo Ray. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Rose. Bailey. Old Salem. Hancock Shaker Village. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Ohio. Mrs. Atlanta. Ga. L. Mich. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Ann Arbor. Whitman. Isadore L. University of Michigan. Western Reserve Herb Society. Joan E. Mrs... Kingwood Center. Mrs.. Weeks Brick House. Smith (Ann Leighton). Mrs.Rady.I. Helen M. G. Wilcox. Milton C. Kathleen Byroads Sowers.. Skinner. Old Slater Mill Museum. Faith H. and Mrs. Shaker Community.. N. Wisc. Cleveland. Gayle. Milton Stricker. civic. L. John A..C. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America.C. Swanson. Inc. Plain Dealer Photo. Semple. Linda Yang. Hancock... Talbot III. Atlanta Historical Society. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Winston-Salem. Little Rock. Matthew Miksch House. < previous page page_134 next page > . Derthick.. Mrs.A. N. Elbert Smith. The Country Doctor Museum. Architect.A. Mansfield. Edmund G. Christopher Spencer. Walter Rebmann. Christopher Rady. Harper. Roberts. Jean Ruh. Booker Worthen. L.. Mass.. Lansing.A. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Mrs.A. Joe H. James F. L.H. Inc. Linda Yang. Mrs. Ohio.. The following provided historical. N. Mich.. Mr.

E.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. azoricum. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. A. Narcissus triandrus. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. maritima L. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. Myrrhis odorata. officinalis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. A. barbadensis A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . C. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea.

laevis Rhododendron . V. grandiflorus Melissa M. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. albula A. Lamium album Viburnum. officinalis Populus. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. V. Monarda didyma Crataegus. P. acerifolium. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. podagraria Asparagus A. false Galium aristatum. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. ludoviciana var. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. lycopersicum. M. melongena var. P. Solanum aculeatissimum S. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. F. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. officinalis. S. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. G.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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B. Mertensia virginica. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. angustifolia.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. oleracea. chrysantha Symphytum S. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. M. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. P. deltoides Campsis radicans. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. vulgaris A. coronaria . alpina 'Alba' A.

Italian D Daffodil M. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. V. pseudonarcissus miniature N. M. ioensis Vaccinium. C. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. V. alpinum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . B. alpinum R. M. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. sativum R. coronaria. macrocarpon. verna. N. maculatum G. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. angustifolia. B.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea.

lilioasphodelus H. rivieri. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. R. R. C. Sansevieria. T officinale Bellis. Hosta H. A. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. obtusifolius R.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. A. H. frutescens C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Ferocactus latispinus. acetosa. Chrysanthemum frutescens. crispus. obtusifolius Rumex R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. lilioasphodelus. D. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. x superbum Hemerocallis. triphyllum .

viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. pungens Sambucus S. Gnaphalium. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. C. N. N.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. azoricum Nigella. Senecio cineraria. gymnocarpa. Centaurea cineraria. Antennaria. damascena. ragusina. N. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . C. arvensis. Helichrysum. Lychnis coronaria. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. S. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

O. perenne . carica Corylus C. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. regalis Adiantum. P. usitatissimum L. I. L. versicolor. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. A.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. I. carica F.× germanica I. Osmunda. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.

× germanica Myosotis M. sativum var. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. sphaerocephalum A. Pelargonium. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. grossularioides P radens P. scorodoprasum A. quercifolium P. neapolitanum A. P. tuberosum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . lanata D. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. purpurea D. lutea Allium sativum A. odoratissimum P. sylvatica Digitalis D. × limoneum P. × hortorum P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. I. Fumaria C.

fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. chamaedrys T. abrotanifolium P. × nervosum P. Z. × citrosum P. crispum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. canadense. capitatum P. A. T. tomentosum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. quercifolium P. canadense T. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. A. tomentosum P. T. officinale Z. pratensis . graveolens P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. denticulatum P. Tragopogon. scabrum P graveolens P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. glutinosum. × jatrophifolium P. P.

torquata E. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. nervosa V. M. Oxalis deppei. C. Vitis monticola. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. V. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed.

H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris

Jessamine

Jasminum

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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Pulmonaria . siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. G. majalis Liriope. Lythrum. C. Ophiopogon L. L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. triacanthos G. W. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena.

grandiflora M. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. M. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. patula Calendula officinalis T. A. erecta T. Malva. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. tenuifolia T. M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. erecta T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. lucida . Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. erecta T.blue M Mace. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. alcea var. C. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

major. × piperita var. O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. Spiraea alba. requienii M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. × piperita var. crispii M. majorana O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. A. dictamnus O. odorata Achillea millefolium. suaveolens M. citrata M. vulgare O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . onites O. aquatica var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. piperita var. S. majorana O. Astrantia. citrata. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. vulgare O. R. citrata M. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. citrata M.

arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. Myrtus. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. olympicum.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. alba Verbascum. A. thapsus V. rubra M. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. V. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. M. Umbellularia californica. vulgaris A. communis. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. lactiflora Morus M. × gentilis M. Myrrhis odorata. Azolla caroliniana. V.

majus T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. P. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. nudum. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. L. poeticus N. minus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T. V. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . V. album L.

coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . telephium Iris × germanica var. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. hortensis A. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Scilla verna. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. fistulosum A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. fragrans O. fistulosum Atriplex. A. S. vulgare var. fragrans Allium. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. O. A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. C. Castilleja californica. florentina. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa. I. Proliferum Group A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. cepa. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. cepa A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa.

< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. neopolitanum Pastinaca. pulsatilla Passiflora P. crispum var. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. patens. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. A. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. lactiflora P lactiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. A. P. P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum P.

album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. Chenopodium. Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. C. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. frutescens C. Longum Group C. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. paniculata P. C. Grossum Group C. annuum. annuum. annuum. P frutescens Catharanthus. C. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. Piper C. Conoides Group Capsicum. C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. retroflexus. Longum Group cone green C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. roseus C. A. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C.

× paradisiaca. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. alpinus D. P salicina P angustifolia. plumarius D. americana . taeda Chimaphila. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Prunus japonica. caryophyllus D. Plantago P. taeda P. C. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. M.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. nigra P strobus P taeda P. umbellata var. watsonii P maritima P. officinalis Dianthus D. gratianopolitanus D. umbellata var. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. angustifolia var. plumarius. Silene laciniata. C. P. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila.

biennis P. L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. S. balsamifera P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. 0. Liriodendron tulipifera P. E. vulgare Lithospermum. rhoeas P.

pepo C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. canadensis C. rhabarbarum R. Diplotaxis. A. coccineum C. Hesperis . pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. R. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. C. P.

chinensis 'Minima' R. gallica R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. × borboniana R. × harisonii R. sativa Rosa R. R. laevigata R. canina. spinosissima R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana R. centifolia R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rubus coronarius R. damascena R. moschata . roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. banksiae R. Rosa chinensis R. canina R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana Kerria. damascena 'Bifera' R.

Salvia hierosolymitana . officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. rugosa R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. caerula. pitcheri S. microphylla S. azurea subsp. officinalis Limonium R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. clevelandii S. angustissimus R. Rosmarinus. S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. × rehderana R. R. setigera R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. sclarea S. guaranitica S. greggii S. officinalis S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C.

montana Scabiosa S. neapolitana S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. marilandica Amelanchier . scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. S. elegans S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. S. P. maritimum E. halimus Crithmum maritimum. S. A. C. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. T. leucophylla S. viridis S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. guaranitica S. hebecarpa. chamaecyparissus S. chamaecyparissus S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. virens. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. Salicornia. leucantha S.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

coggygria. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. P. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria C. biflorum . coggygria Cotinus. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. americana.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. G. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. V. C. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. nivalis Lamium album. P.

perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. R. patulum. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. H. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. japonica Sorbaria. L. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. scutatus R. O. S. pyrenaicum. acetosa.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. E. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. Ornithogalum arabicum. O. officinalis thyme-leaved V.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. V. crassipes O.

vesca F. C. incana M. chiloensis F. vulgare var. vulgare var. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. O. perennis. crispum T. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. incana M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. M. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. T vulgare T. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vesca F. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. dracunculus var. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. O. floridus Philadelphus .

serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . praecox T. praecox subsp. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum S. A. sylvestris D. benedictus. E. C. 'Argenteus' T. pallasianus T. 'Clear Gold' T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. × citriodorus T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. laevigata Eupatorium.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Silybum marianum S. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. maritima Thymus. marianum S. arcticus T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. T. phaenopyrum C. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. 'Broad-leaf English' T.

Physalis peruviana L. lycopersicum var. P. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. radicans Bignonia capreolata. peruviana P. P. pruinosa. sanctum O. praecox subsp. I. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Coreopsis Linaria. alata Lycopersicon. noli-tangere.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. cerasiforme. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. L. lycopersicum L. sanctum Tulipa T. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. C. lycopersicum var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco.

Chimaphila.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. C. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. caprea . officinalis Polemonium. cornuta V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. caeruleum Clematis. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. P. V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. canina. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. longifolia Chamaelaucium. C.

V. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Gaultheria procumbens. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. pontica. verticillata Chimaphila. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. S. caprea. Corydalis sempervirens A. absinthium A. frigida A. Stachys . gmelinii A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. camphorata A. nudum Isatis I. ambrosioides Artemisia. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. I. Vanilla barbellata A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. annua A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. W.

ageratum A. X. taygetea A. millefolium A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. vomitoria I. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . × media 'Hicksii' T. C. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. filipendulina A. lutea. I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. simplicissima Cladrastis.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot.

fourcroydes sweet flag.. fennel g. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . h. calamus Adiantum A. butter-print. thousand-seal. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. napellus Acorus A. breviflora A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. ageratum A. monkshood flowering maple. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. monkshood helmut flower. h.. calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow China jute. maidenhair American maidenhair. alpinus Aconitum A. nose-bleed. lion's tail anise hyssop. taygetea A. millefolium A. fragrant g. blue giant hyssop.. longifolia Achillea A. sanguinary. cana A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. five-finger f. parlor m. yarrow sneezeweed. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. pedatum Agastache A. theophrasti Acacia A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. Indian mallow. foeniculum Agave A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. maidenhair fern.

sativum var. hemp plant agrimony. cive. flowering o. sisalana Agrimonia A. moly A. senescens var. alpina A. christophii A. ophioscorodon A. tree o. schoenoprasum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. neapolitanum A. Japanese bunching o. vulgaris Allium A. ostrowskianum A. Spanish o. two-bladed o. giganteum A. ciboule. garlic rocambole. sativum A. scorodoprasum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A.A. purple c. reptans Alcea A. sisal hemp... Pulchellum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. stars-of-Persia Welsh o.. fistulosum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. rosea Alchemilla A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. karataviense A. serpent garlic chive. Rosenbachianum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. githago Ajuga A. flavum A.. cocklebur.

shadbush. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. medicinal a. caudatus Amelanchier A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. pulsatilla Anethum A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. barbadensis Aloysia A. archangel. juneberry. bugloss windflower. cerefolium chervil angelica. sphaerocephalum A. triphylla Althaea A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. tuberosum Aloe A. bugloss alkanet. tinctoria Anthriscus A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. canadensis Amsonia A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. marschalliana A. white m. shad. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. officinarum Anchusa A. Barbados a.glaucum A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. officinalis Anemone A. officinalis Amaranthus A. Curasao a.. Oriental garlic .. blanda A.. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. japonica A. hupehensis var. garlic c.

European crowfoot bearberry. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens var. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. graveolens A. chrysantha A. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.Apium A.

pink or white horseradish. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. stewardsonii Armeria A. europaeum A. asarabacca wild ginger. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mealberry. old man southernwood absinthe. pontica A. annua A. dracunculus var. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. kinnikinick. sea pink thrift. albula A. camphorata A. triphyllum subsp. arborescens A. frigida A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. sativa A. sandberry. bear's grape. hog cranberry. rusticana Artemisia A. virginicum bearberry. creashak green-dragon. triphyllum A. maritima Armoracia A. wormwood southernwood. red cole sagebrush. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. gmelinii A. mugwort. Ludoviciana var. dracontium A. canadense A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. mountain box. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. lactiflora A.

butterfly flower butterfly weed. pleurisy root. garden o. halimus A. Chinese silk plant. plains f. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. perennis Berberis B.. China grass borage borage. mustard . vulgaris Bellis B. tuberosa Asparagus A. c. ruby s. B. talewort. wild blue i. jaundice berry. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. rocket. officinalis Astrantia A. rattleweed winter cress. saltbush orach. vulgaris Beta milkweed.. nivea Borago B. hortensis B Baptista B. wild indigo. s. cool-tankard cole.Asclepias A. silkweed. major Atriplex A. wild indigo blue false indigo. tuberroot. yellow r. c. c. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. orach sea orach. papyrifera Boehmeria B. ruby s. s. australis B. mountain spinach false indigo. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. c. vulgaris. piprage beet swiss chard. tinctoria Barbarea B. i. upland cress winter cress. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie.

carpatica C.. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. koreana B. strawberry s. officinalis Calycanthus C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla var. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Nana' B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. pineapple s. white-flowered k.. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. grandiflora Calendula C. sempervirens B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. eruca B.B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.

s. sweet pepper.. crown plant trumpet creeper.C. chili p. trumpet flower. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. < previous page page_147 next page > .. p. p. p. C. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. s. o. p. persicifolia C. red p. rapunculus Campsis C. o. o. p. p. bell p. o. p. green p. p. p. p. o. trumpet vine. cow-itch. green p. s.. pimento sweet pepper s. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. o. p.. o. p. o.

senna. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. red p. chili p. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. garden c.. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Madagascar periwinkle.. cristata Cercis C. carvi Carya C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. illinoinensis C. canariensis Cedrus C. marilandica Catharanthus C. Tabasco-sauce p. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. deodara Celosia C. nobile Chelidonium C... Russian c. shellbark h. tinctorius Carum C. snakehead . old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. ovata Cassia C.. Tabasco p. frutescens Carthamus C. majus Chelone cayenne p. bastard s. celandine celandine turtlehead. capsicum p.. false saffron.

. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. intybus Cimicifuga C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. barbe-de-capuchin. pigweed Mexican tea. fat hen ambrosia. × superbum Cichorium C. crispus C. virgilia virgin's bower. mint geranium. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. parthenium C. bonus-henricus C. leather flower. Meyer 1. glabra Chenopodium C. Dalmatia p. ambrosioides C. racemosa Cistus C. alecost pyrethrum. Chinese dwarf 1. virgin's bower.. × jouiniana 'Mrs. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. red-leaved chicory bugbane..C. balsamita C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Spanish t. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. leather flower. American w. dwarf 1. wintergreen. leucanthemum C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. feather geranium. ladanifer Citrus C. wax flower. pyrethum. lutea Clematis C. wormseed. old-man's-beard costmary. frutescens C. devil's-darning- . coccineum C. cinerariifolium C. umbellata Chionanthus C.. rattletop black cohosh. Robert Brydon' C. botrys Chimaphila C.

ambigua C. arkansana C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. peregrina Consolida C. trifolia Coreopsis C. Venetian sumac. sativum Cornus C. majalis Convolvulus C. benedictus Coix C. quick-set. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. laevigata C. smokebush smoke tree. smoke plant. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. autumnale Comptonia C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. thorn apple.needle Cnicus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. florida Corylus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . red haw hawthorn English h. cneorum Coptis C. orientalis Convallaria C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. apiculatus Crataegus C. avellana Cotinus C. thorn.. smokebush.

angustifolius C. sempervirens Cydonia C. oblonga Cymbopogon C.C. maritimum Crocus C. scoparius C. kotschyanus C.. × allwoodii D. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. West Indian 1. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . speciosus C.. speciosus 'Albus' C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. sieberi C. gracilis Dianthus D. citratus Cytisus C. sativus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.

albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. sylvestris Doronicum D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. lanata D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. gas plant. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. carnation. spectabilis Dictamnus D. grandiflora D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. sativus D. burning bush. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. pardalianches E Echeveria E.

japonica Eryngium E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort.E. sea eryngo California poppy C. torquata Euonymus E.. gum tree. arvense E. sea holm. blueweed. perfoliatum E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. pungens Eleocharis E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. Japanese medlar. viridis Epimedium E. ironbark. J. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. dulcis Endymion E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. epimedium barrenwort. S. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. plum eryngo sea holly. Australian gum. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. rugosum v. b. poppy eucalypt. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. californica Eucalyptus E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. hyemale Eranthis E. jacinth. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell.

vulgare F. a.Euphorbia E. assafoetida Ficus F. cyparissias F Ferula F. sow-teat s. vulgaris Foeniculum F. major Fragaria F. imperialis Fumaria F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. a. vulgare subsp. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. vulgare var. finocchio. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. alpine s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.s. ulmaria F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. chiloensis F. vulgare F.s. a.s. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .

odoratum G.F. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. spotted c. hederacea Gleditsia G. teaberry. hexapetala G Galanthus G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. woodroof yellow bedstraw. virginiana Hedeoma H... germanica G. mollugo G. gardenia. our-lady's-b. mock p. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.. nivalis Galium G. vernalis H. Carolina yellow j. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. Carolina jessamine Genista G. checkerberry. alumroot herb Robert. verum Gardenia G. dyer's greenweed. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. field balm. robertianum Glechoma G.. wild c. woodwaxen. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. Carolina jasmine G.. sweet w. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. triacanthos Gossypium G. cleavers white bedstraw. red Robin . runaway robin. false baby's-breath woodruff. maculatum G. ground ivy. jasminoides Gaultheria G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. tinctoria Geranium G. mountain tea. honey locust. Capejasmine wintergreen.

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daylily . lividus subsp. sweet r. angustifolium H. turnsole heliotrope.. Chinese hibiscus. cannabinus H. niger H. lemon d. foetidus H.. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. matronalis Hibiscus H. Deccan h. rose m. mallow. Hawaiian h. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. hibiscus kenaf.. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. licorice plant heliotrope. lilioasphodelus H. bimli j.. petiolatum Heliotropium H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. bastard jute.. curry plant false licorice. × luteola Herniaria H.. bimlipatum j. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. China rose. blacking plant plantain lily. giant m. Deckaner h. corsicus H..< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. atrorubens H. rose-of-China. glabra Hesperis H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. Indian hemp. flavescens Helenium H. garland 1. arborescens Helleborus H.

.H. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.-John's-wort hyssop blue h.-John's-wort St. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. lupulus Hydrangea H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. rose h. Burford's holly Japanese holly. orangeroot. perforatum Hyssopus H. navelwort gotu kola St. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. European h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. patulum 'Sungold' H. box-leaved h. horned h. I. quercifolia Hydrastis H. asiatica Hypericum H. white h. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. . crenata var.

jewelweed. virginiana red cedar jasmine. crested dwarf i. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. vomitoria 'Nana' I. cristata I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag.. officinale Juniperus J. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. yellow flag.. J. glabra I. × germanica var. spotted t. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J.I. tinctoria Ixia I. florentina I. alba Iris I. wilsonii Impatiens I. African corn lily corn lily orris. woad dyer's woad. touch-me-not jewelweed. water f.. horizontalis creeping j. chinensis var. capensis Indigofera I. 'Great Lakes' I. crested i. helenium Ipomoea I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. tinctoria Inula I. maculata J Jasminum J. snapweed. pseudacorus Isatis I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . opaca I.

candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. nobilis Lavandula L. dentata var. indica Lamium L. plume plant. carnea Brazilian-plume.. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. white d. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . brandegeana shrimp plant J. d. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. angustifolia L. album L.. n. angustifolia subsp.. dentata L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. n. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.Justicia water willow J. bay. dumb nettle.. maculatum L. paradise p. flamingo p. sweet bay laurel. plume flower. king'scrown L Lactuca L.

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

candidum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. sativum Leucojum L. aestivum Levisticum L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. chalcedonicum Limonium L. benzoin Linum L. muscari Lobelia L. perenne L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. pepperwort. blue cardinal flower .< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. lovage privet. usitatissimum Liriope L.. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. officinale Ligustrum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. summer s. marsh rosemary. hedge plant privet. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. statice statice toadflax spicebush.

coral h. sempervirens Lunaria L. virginiana sweet alyssum. moonwort. honesty. flava L. money plant. grandiflora M. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. coronaria 'Alba' L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay .L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. lycopersicum var. cordata Magnolia M. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. annua Lychnis L. lycopersicum var. penny f. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. vulgaris Lythrum L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. silver-dollar. catchfly mullein pink. satin flower honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. coronaria L. maritima L. stellata M.. gypsywort. europaeus Lysimachia L. campion.

curly m. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. imperial stock balm lemon b. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. mountain g. requienii M. × piperita var. hupehensis Malva M. b. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. Virginia b. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. Oregon g. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. officinalis Mentha M. alcea var... × piperita M. cowslip. sweet b.. Virginia c. Scotch m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. 'Guiding Star' M. Brampton stock. pineapple m. musk m. angustifolia M. American crab. citrata M. incana Melissa M. bee b. lemon m. apple m. pennyroyal Corsican m. horsemint peppermint orange mint. menthella. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. gillyflower.Mahonia M. pulegium M. holly g. incanum M. vulgare Matthiola M. bluebells. horsemint . white h.. longifolia M... Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot.. blue barberry apple. stock stock. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. fastigiata Marrubium M.. lungwort bluebells. aquatica M. bergamot m.. holly mahonia. holly barberry. × gentilis M.

punctata Montia M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. white bee balm pink b. pink b. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. Greek myrtle. textilis Myosotis M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. Manila hemp forget-me-not. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. swamp c. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. sweet cicely.M. Swedish m. b. anise. odorata Myrtus M. menthifolia M.. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. fistulosa M. citriodora M. winter purslane. American m. red m. banana abaca. fistulosa var. candleberry. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. b. sylvatica Myrica M. b. white b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . myrrh. Oswego tea.

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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.

perilla

Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley

petunia

phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

pensylvanica P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . golden hardhack. balsam p. pasture b. heal-all. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. hog-pasture b. veris Prunella P. lungwort blue 1. nepalensis P. widdy shrubby c.. trifoliata Populus P. vulgaris Prunus P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. angustifolia P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. sieboldii 'Alba' P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. domestica P. sand p. brake. cowslip self-heal self-heal. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. aspen. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. Jerusalem sage. elatior P. maritima P. granatum Pyrus P. persica Pteridium P.Poncirus P. five-finger shrubby c. all-heal salad burnet. hackmatack. hardy orange poplar. brake bracken... tacamahac cinquefoil. Americana P.

alpinum R. dog r... ficaria Reseda R. small c. moss r. canina R. moss r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. × borboniana R. fairy r. cabbage r. luteola Rhamnus R. red currant.. pilewort mignonette weld. garden c. pie plant. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. typhina Ribes R. gallica damask r. gooseberry alpine c. mountain c. dog b. brier r. banksiae R. chinensis 'Minima' R. purshiana Rheum R. eglantine.Quercus Q. autumn damask r. stellata R Ranunculus R. sweetbrier French r. . garden r. brier Banksia r. York-and-Lancaster r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. crowfoot lesser celandine. rose... 'Cinderella' R. sativum Rosa R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. eglanteria R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. China r. pygmy r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R.. Bourbon r.

'Officinalis' R. Japanese r. moschata R.. tinctorum Rubus R. bitter d. acetosa R. × harisonii R. spinosissima R. chinquapin r. angustissimus R.. French sorrel rue . Harison's yellow r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. climbing r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. garden sorrel broad dock. roxburghii R. Cherokee r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. hirta Rumex R. Scotch r. Turkestan r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. sorrel. r. wichuraiana R.. dock s. madder bramble blackberry. prostrate rosemary. snowdwarf memorial r. rugosa R. burnet r. rosemary white r.. laevigata R. × rehderana R. chestnut r. climbing r. golden p. polyantha r. obtusifolius R. 'Schneezwerg' R. prairie r. setigera R. rosemary pine-scented r. musk r.

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osier goat willow. American e. microphylla S. leucantha S. elegans S. gray sage. bloodroot rue . including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. bloodroot red puccoon. purple sage baby sage garden sage. s. s. involucrata S. clary annual clary elder. variegated garden s. sclarea S. guaranitica S. Mexican bush s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. viridis Sambucus S. purple variegated garden s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. caerula S. pussy willow sage. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. greggii S. clevelandii S. leucophylla S. purple g. caprea Salvia S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. canadensis willow. argentea S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. golden g. elderberry American e. garden s.

atropurpurea Sedum S. albidum Satureja S. good-luck plant. tectorum Silybum S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. devil's tongue. trifasciata Santolina S. marianum Sium S.. orpine donkey's tail orpine.. hen-and-chickens. pinnata S. hemp plant snake plant. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. roof h.. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. blessed t. melongena var. morganianum S. mad apple . virens Saponaria S. lucky plant. canadensis Sansevieria S. officinalis Sassafras S. pincushion flower pincushions. jasminoides S. milk t. hortensis S. skirret potato vine eggplant. neapolitana S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. St. live-forever houseleek.. telephium Sempervivum S. live-forever houseleek. Mary's t. sweet s.Sanguisorba S. sisarum Solanum S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. mourning-bride stonecrop. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.

Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. reticulata var. Aztec m. big m. × persica var. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. woundwort lamb's-ears. hedge nettle. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. lilac . lutea Stokesia S. byzantina S. grandiflora S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. officinale S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. erecta marigold African m. patula melongene. laciniata Persian lilac S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g.. laevis Symphytum S. vulgaris 'Addie V. americana Stachys S. officinale Syringa S. californica Sorbaria S..

× citriodorus 'Aureus' T. vulgare var. upright y. officinale Taxus T. dwarf m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. lemon t. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. lucida T. carnosus T. signet m. vulgare T. fruticans T. yew conical y. sweet mace French m. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. marum Thuja T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. tansy tansy. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. . patula 'Petite Yellow' T.T.. germander American g. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T.. canadense T. filifolia T.. dense y. crispum Taraxacum T. occidentalis Thymus T. culinary golden lemon t. procumbent g. wood sage germander dwarf. 'Argenteus' T. columnar y.

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t.. not culinary French t. nummularius T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. woolly thyme creeping t. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. praecox T. . fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. red c. praecox subsp. lemon t. crimson c. herba-barona T. t. leucotrichus T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. nitidus T. odorus t. wishbone flower. confederatej. jasminoides Tragopogon T. caraway t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. doerfleri T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. pallasianus T. pratensis Trichostema T.. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. richardii subsp. zygis Torenia T. lanatum Trifolium T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. serpyllum T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. glabrescens T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. creeping t.

hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. 'Blizzard' T. officinalis V. blueberry. minus Tsuga T. tarda T. canadensis Tulipa T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. farfara U Urginea U. blattaria V. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. red s. bitter Indian garden n. velvet p. kaufmanniana T. angustifolium var. squill. maritima Urtica U. tall n. pale yellow Darwin t. thapsus Veronica V. Indian cress dwarf n. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. 'General de Wet' T. huckleberry. tawny orange t. water-lily t. cranberry. olympicum V. clusiana T. . speedwell. majus T. species t. mullein mullein. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. dioica V Vaccinium V.. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s.. 'Sweet Harmony' T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. early. laevifolium Valeriana V. flannel plant. nettle stinging n. officinalis Verbascum V.Tropaeolum T.

sweet h. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. × wittrockiana Vitis V.. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. minor Viola V. tricolor V. canina V. ladies-delight. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. acerifolium V.. lesser p.. myrtle. cassinoides V. zizanioides Viburnum V. lutea 'Splendens' V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. maple-leaved viburnum. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. nannyberry. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. carlesii V. arrowwood. violet dog violet horned v. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. heartsease. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. possum haw .Vetiveria V. prunifolium Vinca V. odorata V. sheepberry. running m. withe-rod vetiver. heartsease pansy. khus-khus.

Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. ginger. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .

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