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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. with sparkling enthusiasm. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. and the experience provided the final section of the book. responded with delight. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. and record every detailall of the failures. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Their energy and charm caught me up. Ginny had done some writing. This they did. seven years ago. alterations. for they had no model and no guide. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. With false starts and honest stops. The turning point came when. It needs no sequel. carefully chosen. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. Again they revised. pushing. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. more of them exist to serve as examples. bereft of hope. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. Then. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. and I have had the pleasure of advising. wheedling. build it. and the publisher. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. whether all their labor was to no avail. especially poetry. This was not to be. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. punching. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . successes. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind.

Some of these were created by landscape architects. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. rather. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. the authors. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. English thyme." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Likewise. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. former generic names. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Italics are always used for botanical names. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. A range of essential factors is considered herein. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. while others were prepared by landscape designers." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. 1969 and 1980. degree of maintenance required. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. We. although countless common names exist. and these are capitalizedfor example. or by contributors. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. The herb garden designs alone. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. by their owners. historical interest. To achieve this. and educational purpose. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. we completed a test garden. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. without accompanying commentary. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. . The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Not all plants used are herbs. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. specialty.

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A lecturer on herbs. Swanson and Robert B. Jo Lohmolder. Alice Skelsey. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. which made possible the completion of our text. Isaacson. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.. Lee Buss. Trudi Bela. and Joanna Reed. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Special thanks are due James C. as expediter and typist. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . We are grateful to many. Genevieve Jyurovat. has been especially helpful over the years. former director of same. Weatherhead. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. president. Alexander Apanius. M. Derthick. Nell Neff. and Rexford Talbert. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. and August Frugé. and the horticulturist. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. FAITH H. former managing editors.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. She has served. always encouraging us to stay with our project. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Keebler and the late Everest P. Susan Frugé. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. has given us valuable information. too. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Finally. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Herbert J. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Rady. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. librarian. Eleanor Gambee. The late Raymond C. Richard T. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. His assistant. Recognition is due Robert B. have also been of assistance.D. and Elizabeth Bryce. past presidents. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Betty Rea. Wanda Ritchie.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

new plants. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. If no . new ways of seeing. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Perennial herbs." A good design does not "happen. partially excavated area. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. to increase the value of the property. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. a front dooryard. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. In order to create a fine garden design. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. or an abandoned. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. lay out a plan of the property. fences. the north point will have been indicated. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. As Henry Beston reflects. "Not difficult to plan. Its interest is independent of flowers. temples of worship. some of which are evergreen. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. As one constantly reinforces the other. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. not at all difficult to maintain. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. and hedges will have been located. and decisions must not be left to chance. and structures. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs.

Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > . measurements are in engineer's scale. fences.

to locate the house. such as the one illustrated here. will give the lot or acreage measurements. In this example. In the absence of a survey map. A deed description. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. but with all needed information. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. too. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. The object is to . Next. measurements are in engineer's scale. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. and the driveway. Here. Other areas may require a smaller scale. other significant structures. too. measure to locate the house. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted.

enclosures. paths. The smaller the scale. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. < previous page page_3 next page > . and parallel lines. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. shrubs. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. triangleof inexpensive plastic. and unusual land features noted. lines at an angle. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. The tools needed for drawing are few.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. driveway.

gazebo. In the designs that follow. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. and hedges of hemlock. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. bayberry. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. old smokehouse." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. In the absence of a structure. garage. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. One basic rule is the higher the wall. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. With the plan on paper. and holly. A toolhouse. iron. brick. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. yew. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. In some cases. Upkeep. However. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. or summer kitchen is ideal. and stone. greenhouse.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

whether it will be rocks. If used. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Whatever the reason. annual painting is a necessity. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. however. they can be made to order. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Where air circulation is much needed. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. but the results will confirm this course. Equally important is proportion. Rosemary. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. or. such as bayberry. At first. . The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Allow adequate room within the row. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. so give them much thought. cut stones. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. elegant box. and their styles are countless. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. for reinforcing the design. the garden design is most attractive. and rosemary. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Stone. bricks. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. some deciduous and some evergreen. as in outdoor room dividers. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. When this reinforcement is understated. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. For example. or natural. used for dry wall or masonry construction. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Brick is the all-time favorite material. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. gray surfaces are found. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. it will seem too sparsely planted. Lower cost is an advantage. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. painted. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. or pressure-treated lumber. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. When used with a hedge. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. deeply evergreen. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. box. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Styles are legion. If desired. In some climates. holly. Gates are part of the enclosure. Generally. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. as an example. railroad ties. if wood is the material of choice. too. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. yew. for example. Stained. landscape timbers. a temporary garden that may be changed later.

awkward and unsafe. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.Steps When constructing steps. there is a necessary. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. Conversely. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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cost. appearance. for example. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Access paths. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Choose the path material equally for comfort. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. however. If groups are walking through. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. or red. Step materials need not be the same as. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. the greater the tread. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. and maintenance. . There are.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. their use no less than comfortable. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. too. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Paths must be ample. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. because they are just that. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. It is a general rule that the less the riser. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. making the design more evident. The colors are various: terracotta. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. but should be compatible with. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. rosy pink.

not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .

The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. or trees to be considered. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. This. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. They are easily renewed as they break down. prepare a planting plan for each.) To avoid having a slippery surface. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. they should not shade the herbs too much. bark or pine needles can be used. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. too.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. With these recommendations in mind. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. If the garden is made up of separate beds. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. shad Malus coronaria. a result being hazardous footing. a soft-lead pencil in hand. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . is an enjoyable experience. When they mature. serviceberry. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. shrubs. and many good references are available. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained.

The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. such as the one illustrated here. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. or whatever is best in your case. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. 'Mount Hood daff. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. a focal point is customarily used. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. for example.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Artifacts As with other gardens. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. one-half inch equals one foot. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. whether they are invasive or tall growing. lemon thyme. too. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. for example. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. It needs. it is easily read and easily erased. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Sept. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. however. Do use a soft-lead pencil. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. noting well their growth habits.

and a good sense of proportion is achieved. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. a niche of its own should be created.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. It is then in scale with its frame. Again. If a statue less than life-size is used. < previous page page_9 next page > . or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. the height of a fence to the house. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. the designs have a decorative north point. that of good proportion. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. However. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a stylized drawing of an ovary. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. For easy reference. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . Except for two. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

4.Viola tricolor. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 14. A. rose 24. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 5. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Galium odoratum. a fence. fennel 2. 3. which is used here in relation to a garage. Landscape Architect. sativa. Lavenders accent the front corners. 1. sweet 25.Origanum majorana. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. lemon 15. arcticus 27. 22. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. With color and texture considered for contrast. 7. summer 23.Lavandula savory angustifolia.A.Satureja montana. dill cerasiforme. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Pelargonium graveolens. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. 16. 6.L. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. or other structure.S. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. salad burnet 12.Melissa officinalis.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. Foeniculum vulgare. 21.Allium 11. The rules of symmetry are observed. lovage 17.Poterium sanguisorba.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. bee balm 13.Lobularia maritima.Satureja hortensis. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon balm . 26.

costmary 'Albus'. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . leek 9. Greek 28. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. curly parsley 10. Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis.8. chive 18.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Porrum Group. 19.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum heracleoticum.

Poterium sanguisorba.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. Petroselinum crispum var.Pelargonium tomentosum.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma. 1. lemon verbena 21. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. summer 10. 17. perhaps overgrown with weeds. French tarragon 2. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. bush basil 3. 9.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. rose 19. white 20. as was done here. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. . A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. 13.Pelargonium graveolens. 18.Aloysia triphylla.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley sativa. 12. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Lavandula angustifolia. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Foeniculum vulgare. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 11.Satureja hortensis.

Heliotropium arborescens. English thyme dill 8. 16.Origanum majorana. 14. eglantine 23.Rosa eglanteria.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. English'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.salad burnet 6.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Galium odoratum. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .

The number in each planting area is the key number. .Chionanthus virginicus. and the plan could be used at a front door. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. sativa.L. however.Levisticum officinale. still observing a scale.Petroselinum crispum.Thymus × citriodorus. dill 2. Then the design might need to be expanded. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. garden sage 8. lovage 15. salad burnet 14. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis. 9. spearmint 16.A.Poterium sanguisorba. parsley 5. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Satureja hortensis. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. Japanese yew 17. Origanum heracleoticum. The garden is conveniently located. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. summer savory 11. making the beds larger and the paths wider. however.Allium schoenoprasum. 7. sweet marjoram 3. The image would soon give way to other considerations. lemon thyme 10.Taxus cuspidata. A.S.Artemisia dracunculus var. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Even in limited space. 1.Mentha spicata. 13. Origanum majorana.

sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.6.Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. Monarda didyma. cinnamon fern 4.Polemonium reptans. bee balm 14. 31. leek Foeniculum vulgare. 1.L. Christmas fern 5.Teucrium chamaedrys. 18. Landscape Architect. lemon thyme 28.Polystichum acrostichoides.Convallaria majalis. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 6.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. fennel 19. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. salad 20. yellow 29. 13. 25. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 32.A. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Stachys byzantina.Asarum canadense. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. summer 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The number in each planting area is the key number.Pulmonaria officinalis. 33. hop sativa. 9. blue lungwort 26. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 17. Jacob's-ladder 3. lavender marjoram 2. A. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Primula vulgaris. Viola odorata. Dictamnus albus.Digitalis grandiflora. This is an intimate garden.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. sweet violet 16. wild ginger 27. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. fraxinella 15. 8. The long. 30.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana.Osmunda cinnamomea. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.S. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.Humulus lupulus.Allium ampeloprasum. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. the challenge is obvious. 7.

crispum.Buxus microphylla var.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Tsuga canadensis. sweet 34.Sorbus americana. Canada hemlock Standard'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. curly parsley mountain ash 12. French thyme woodruff koreana.Galium odoratum. winter savory 24.Korean box 11. French'.lilac 10.Satureja montana. 35. yellow bedstraw 23. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Galium verum.savory germander Willmott'.Petroselinum crispum var.

neapolitanum. To be placed near the kitchen. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Salvia officinalis. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. Italian parsley . dill 10. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. Even so.Rumex scutatus.Petroselinum crispum var.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. One of the beds. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. 19. Surprisingly. devoted to a "yearly surprise. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. It is a pleasing. lemon verbena 2.Origanum heracleoticum. geometric design. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. it became part of the patio. garden sage 20. 1. this design can be an inspiration. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Aloysia triphylla.

chervil marjoram 21.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Anthriscus cerefolium.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. curly parsley 22.Allium tuberosum. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . chive 25. salad 15.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. crispum.Poterium sanguisorba.Borago officinalis. sweet 18. basil sativa. English thyme bush basil 8.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. borage 'Purpurascens'.Petroselinum crispum var. garlic chive 26.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. French tarragon 5.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 14. lemon balm cicely 6. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.17.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 12. 16. summer savory 23. lemon basil 9. sweet 13. Alpine strawberry 7. winter savory 24.Allium schoenoprasum.Satureja montana.3. purple basil 4.

Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary 3.Myrrhis odorata.Hyssopus officinalis. it is an unusual. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Thymus × citriodorus.Stachys byzantina. green santolina 12. sweet cicely 23. To increase the planting area. winter 21. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. Created in an orderly way. English thyme lemon thyme 11. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. English lavender 10.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. D. scented-leaf geranium 2. sweet 13. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. lamb's-ears 20.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. geometric design. gray . woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. As a whole. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Satureja montana. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia. purple basil 4. so. the work paths could be eliminated. 1.Galium odoratum. it is full of interesting angles.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Pelargonium in variety.Santolina virens.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 14. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. blue 22. The center beds here were established in this way. too. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. 19. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.C.

Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. silver mound artemisia 18.Myrtus communis.6. American southernwood holly 17.Marrubium vulgare. classic myrtle 9. germander 16. horehound24. camphor-scented wormwood 8. clove pink 7.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ilex opaca.Artemisia abrotanum. French thyme santolina 15. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Artemisia camphorata.Salvia officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. 25.Dianthus caryophyllus.

sativa. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 21. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Its arrow points north and. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. lemon balm 22. Lavandula angustifolia. Coix lacryma-jobi.Thymus praecox subsp. Job's tears 11.Rosmarinus officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sweet woodruff 5. yarrow 12. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Borago officinalis. sweet basil 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Achillea millefolium. absinthe 26. purple basil 3. tansy 25. winter savory 16. this herb garden is secluded.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana.Calendula officinalis. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. gray santolina 13. borage 23. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. Sometimes space is limited. Ocimum basilicum. 1.Chamaemelum . rosemary 15.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. pot marigold 24. Galium odoratum. which adds its impression of warmth. casts the shadow for the hour. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. blue hyssop 2.Artemisia absinthium. English lavender 6. French tarragon 14. too. This center of interest is of particular note. and if an herb garden is to be created at all.

Origanum vulgare. scented-leaf 27. comfrey20.Carya illinoinensis. chamomile 17.Syringa.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum majorana. garden sage 19.Pelargonium in variety. marjoram pecan 10. white creeping thyme nobile.7. chive 18. Salvia officinalis. pineapplescented sage 9. variegated garden sage 8.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Salvia elegans. costmary 'Albus'. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . wild marjoram 28. sweet 29.Symphytum officinale.

garlic Levisticum officinale.Marrubium vulgare. chervil 15. parsley 17. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. Anthriscus cerefolium. 6.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. sweet 34.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Ruta graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. lovage 22. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. 1.Origanum majorana. dill 20.Teucrium chamaedrys.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. purple basil Zingiber officinale. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. blue 23.Melissa officinalis.Apium graveolens. 7. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. 8. 30. sunken into the ground. 3. French sorrel 21. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Pelargonium graveolens. hyssop Meyer lemon . 18. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. summer 32.Satureja hortensis. 36. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Salvia officinalis.Ipomoea alba.Allium sativum. true ginger16. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. horehound 33.Artemisia dracunculus var.Myrrhis odorata. sativa. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Pelargonium × limoneum. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. 4. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rue 31. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. rose geranium 2. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Galium odoratum. 19. 9. lemon balm 35. 29. The more invasive ones. 5. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. sweet cicely 37. When controlled in this way.

10.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha spicata.Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese yew 39.Tropaeolum minus. sweet basil 38.Aloysia triphylla. salad burnet 25.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme 24. lemon verbena 11.Ocimum basilicum. Greek oregano 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemonthyme 28.Origanum heracleoticum.Magnolia virginiana. dwarf nasturtium 13. spearmint 27. bush basil 14. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. English thyme 26.

It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. but." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. whatever the reason. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. a quick way to ensure good drainage. < previous page page_22 next page > . the insect-repellent pennyroyal. "Simplify. however. simplify!.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

bell pepper 6.Satureja hortensis. jewelweed24. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . 18.Ruta graveolens.Salvia officinalis. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 26.Aloe barbadensis.Origanum majorana. garden sage 3. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. spearmint 21. 16. 12.Capsicum frutescens.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Allium fistulosum. lemon 22.Melissa officinalis. lettuce 10. peppermint 23. bee balm 19. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. balm sativa.Ocimum basilicum.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet 15. 1. sweet 17.Allium schoenoprasum. spicebush absinthe French'.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 25.Mentha x piperita.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lactuca sativa.The number in each planting area is the key number. tansy 11.Artemisia absinthium.Lindera benzoin. dill 13. arcticus. 14.Petroselinum crispum. parsley 2.Thymus praecox subsp. summer basil savory 7. aloe Grossum Group.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. rue 20.Impatiens capensis.Mentha spicata. French tarragon 5.Monarda didyma.Anethum graveolens.Tanacetum vulgare.Galium odoratum.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. arcticus 14. Thymus praecox subsp. too. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. A low wall of brick. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. 1. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.Teucrium chamaedrys. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. faced and capped with random.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Perovskia abrotanoides.Pelargonium in variety. 8. encloses this plan. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Russian 13. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. French thyme 2. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. horizontally laid bluestone. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. . germander 7.

blue 11. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. St.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. lavender 3. lemon balm hyssop 12.Alchemilla vulgaris.Thymus praecox subsp. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Campsis radicans. witch hazel 18. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Melissa officinalis. lemon thyme 10.Santolina neapolitana 4. arcticus 'Albus'. lady's6.angustifolia.Galium odoratum. crimson creeping thyme 9. trumpet vine 16.Hyssopus officinalis. white creeping thyme 5.Viburnum cassinoides.-John'swort 17.Hamamelis virginiana. Thymus × citriodorus.

< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. the shrubsyew. lilac. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. It is. box. Although this is not a large garden. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. Germander is a proper edging here. holly. However. however. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. < previous page page_28 next page > . with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

mint silver mound artemisia 25. green 27. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. classic myrtle 15.Eloise & Jo Ray. Thymus praecox subsp.Iris cristata.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.20. Myrrhis odorata.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet cicely17. crimson creeping thyme 31. lamb'sears 35. Japanese holly 42. sweet violet 19.Salvia sclarea. winter 29. columnal yew 43. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 18. Japanese yew 44.Santolina pinnata 34. broom 40. prostrate rosemary 13. Japanese holly 47.Cytisus supinus. rue 6. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . santolina alpine pink 28. lilac 45.Artemisia frigida.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Syringa patula. 32.Thymus praecox subsp. 23. Corsican 24. sweet albula. florentina.Dictamnus albus.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Santolina virens. clary 30.Stachys byzantina.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. red creeping thyme 10. white hyssop 4.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Myrtus communis. lady's.Artemisia camphorata. 26.Anemone pulsatilla. dwarf box 41. dwarf crested iris 39. 9.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. orris 38.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Salvia leucophylla. Viola odorata.Thymus praecox subsp. fringed wormwood 16.Borago officinalis. blue horehound hyssop 3.Artemisia ludoviciana var. dwarf privet 48. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Iris × germanica var.Ruta graveolens. Alchemilla vulgaris. arcticus 'Albus'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Heliotropium arborescens. Simkins'.Comptonia peregrina. 12. 21.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. mantle chamomile 5. white creeping thyme 37. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Chamaemelum nobile. woolly thyme 7. Marrubium vulgare. lavender 22. Mentha requienii.Santolina chamaecyparissus. germander 36.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. 1. cottage pink 2.Chrysanthemum coccineum. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. Thymus praecox subsp. alpine strawberry 8. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Satureja montana.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. fraxinella 33. gray sage savory 14.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.

The direction a path takes can add interest. Other paths are brick. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. while adding to the enclosure of the area. an herb garden. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. a running bond pattern. and one has an inset for a garden seat. the center of interest for the herb garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. < previous page page_30 next page > . and a vegetable garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. This hedge. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. a cutting garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines.

L. A.A.S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect. .

Digitalis grandiflora.Stachys byzantina.Galium odoratum. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. yellow 35. starsMaxima'.Santolina virens. sweet 51. winter savory 44. bush basil 41. Rosmarinus officinalis.Polystichum acrostichoides.Hemerocallis × luteola.Stokesia laevis. Christmas 48. helenium 4. sativa.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Origanum majorana. blue iris 9.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. double white peony of-Persia 12. 50. lemon 29. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Hyssopus officinalis. blue 27. yellow 24. yellow epimedium 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Dictamnus albus. 32.Thymus × citriodorus. germander 39. 53. statice Solemacher'.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. plantain lily 2.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ocimum basilicum 54. clary 46. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. Anethum graveolens 23. alpine strawberry 3.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. blue hyssop 43.Ribes alpinum. cottage pink French'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. York-andLancaster rose 16.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. candytuft Standard'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Pelargonium in variety.Allium christophii. Louise'. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. dill wishbone flower 5. 22. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. 37.Origanum heracleoticum. Aquilegia chrysantha.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. 55.The number in each planting area is the key number.Aloysia triphylla.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. summer 34. 47. lavender 18. sweet marjoram 45.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Satureja montana.Artemisia dracunculus var. French thyme 7. white 'Bouquet'.Lilium candidum. Stokes' aster 31.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. Achillea taygetea.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Limonium latifolium. fraxinella 26.Salvia officinalis. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden sage 56.Allium schoenoprasum. green santolina 42.Magnolia virginiana.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. Campanula persicifolia.Helleborus niger. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 1. 52. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. pale 28.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Salvia sclarea. verbena rose chive 11.Satureja hortensis. purple basil Japanese holly 17. French tarragon 8.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. lemon thyme 40. lamb's-ears 49.

< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. < previous page page_32 next page > . a retaining wall or walls are needed. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. as in this case. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area.

dwarf lavender crested iris 5. F. Borago officinalis. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Solanum pseudocapsicum. crispum.Mentha spicata. 1. lamb's25.Alchemilla vulgaris.45.Iris pseudacorus. . borage 26.Viola odorata.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare var.Iris cristata. spearmint 41. lemon verbena 46. lemon 22. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.A.R. English 44. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. lady's43. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. 42. The number in each planting area is the key number. Landscape Architect. Stachys byzantina.A. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Melissa officinalis. Monarda didyma. bee balm 24. 21.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla. Ocimum basilicum. sweet 23.Thymus × citriodorus.

Anethum graveolens. Greek 53.Vinca minor. rue 51.Allium ampeloprasum. rosemary 9.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. flowering dogwood 15.Origanum heracleoticum. dill 34.Allium cepa. 56. Proliferum Group. 40. 33. 57. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Cassia marilandica. Rosmarinus officinalis. pink hawthorn 16. carpet bugleweed 8.Elaeagnus pungens.Allium sativum.Salvia elegans.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Dianthus caryophyllus. southernwood 31.Salvia officinalis.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana. post crispum 'Banquet'. mullein chive 47.Petroselinum crispum var.Ruta graveolens.Mentha pulegium. Porrum Group.Petroselinum crispum var. clove 55.7. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Artemisia dracunculus var. horehound neapolitanum. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Artemisia absinthium.Foeniculum vulgare. tabasco senna pepper 20.Rosa × rehderana. Egyptian onion 11. orange mint 29. myrtle 58.Cornus florida. 37. Ajuga reptans. summer 32. Poterium sanguisorba. fennel 35. citrata. pineapple38.Crataegus arkansana.Allium tuberosum.Satureja hortensis.Verbascum thapsus.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. curly mint 30. polyantha rose 12.Mentha × piperita var. savory sativa. leek 49. sweet marjoram 28.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. garlic chive 48.Capsicum frutescens. wild 39. curly parsley oak 17. French tarragon holly 13.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pennyroyal 54.Quercus stellata. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Nepeta cataria. absinthe English thyme 27. 52. salad burnet 10.Artemisia abrotanum. catnip 50.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. garden sage 36.

the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. and vinegars. However. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. mothproofing bags.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. sleep pillows. < previous page page_34 next page > . A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. Although this is a northeast exposure. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden.

Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .

Galium odoratum.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium sativum var. 24. chive 43.Tropaeolum minus. garden sage 2. costmary 5.Laurus nobilis.Rosmarinus officinalis. pot 28.Iris × germanica var.Allium moly. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. anise hyssop 14. nutmeg geranium 39. lemon 18. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.Thuja occidentalis.Monarda didyma.Tanacetum vulgare. lettuce in variety 25. balm valerian 15. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia elegans. orris 17. Petroselinum crispum var.Allium cepa.Allium sphaerocephalum. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Melissa officinalis. Lactuca. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Aloysia triphylla.Artemisia dracunculus var. Proliferum Group. Artemisia pontica. round-headed garlic 46. American rosemary arborvitae 34. bay 48. 50. lavender 7.Ocimum basilicum 27.Hyssopus officinalis . purple basil sage 11.Hemerocallis. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. lemon 31.Alchemilla vulgaris. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Artemisia abrotanum. salad 22. peppermint geranium 40. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Poterium sanguisorba. 19.Levisticum officinale. 21. Santolina chamaecyparissus. burnet lovage 6. 23. garden 'Purpurascens'. winter 29. blue hyssop 35. French tarragon 10.Allium pulchellum 47.Rumex scutatus. 'Monge'. bee balm 30.Salvia officinalis. Ruta graveolens. florentina.Salvia oficinalis. crispum.Pelargonium tomentosum.Pelargonium fragrans. daylily in variety 41.Tsuga canadensis.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. 1.Agastache foeniculum.Allium schoenoprasum.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. tansy 16.Valeriana officinalis. 'President Poincare'.Calendula officinalis.Satureja montana. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Thymus × citriodorus. Hallock'. Egyptian onion 42.Pelargonium graveolens. lemon verbena 36. 49. lilac 32. rue 26. dwarf nasturtium 37. Roman 20. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lily leek 44.Mentha spicata. southernwood 9. sativa.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.

is the focus of the middle level. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. < previous page page_36 next page > . with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A simple knot. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Invasive.

Poterium sanguisorba. houseleek 45.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Monarda didyma. dwarf winter savory 2.Satureja hortensis. golden thyme .Sempervivum tectorum. pineapple mint 22. fennel 25. bee balm 26.Artemisia dracunculus var. white thrift 24. valerian 5.Foeniculum vulgare. foxglove 4.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. 1. thyme 3.Salvia elegans. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. French tarragon 44. horehound 46. Satureja montana 'Nana'. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. summer savory 43.Armeria maritima. Valeriana officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. salad burnet 23. pineapplescented sage 47. Digitalis purpurea.

38. 54. pink 62. viper's 34. marigold chive 15. English 52.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. lavender Christmas rose 11. annual clary 51. clary 48. sweet 37.Symphytum officinale.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. 33. arcticus 55. white 58.Echium vulgare. blue hyssop 57.Rosa chinensis. fraxinella 8.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. skirret 60. winter bugloss 'Albus'. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. dwarf edging box 21.Ruta graveolens. yellow 41. 30.Laurus nobilis. Angelica archangelica.6. garden 42. sweet 32.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. rue 31.Calendula officinalis. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Salvia viridis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French'.Helleborus orientalis.Chrysanthemum 36.Hyssopus officinalis. feverfew climbing rose 16.Eranthis hyemalis. sweet 50.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Artemisia absinthium. Dictamnus albus.Galium verum. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. germander 56. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Sium sisarum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. Salvia sclarea. sweet basil sage 27. 61. dyer's woad 7. 39.Galium odoratum. parthenium. pot 35. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. pink 59.Teucrium chamaedrys. rosemary 28.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Crocus sativus. China rose comfrey 19. angelica Lenten rose 10.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosa eglanteria. Madonna cicely lily 12.Ocimum basilicum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Lavandula angustifolia. absinthe 53.Anemone pulsatilla.Myrrhis odorata. Isatis tinctoria. 40.Agrimonia eupatoria. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Origanum majorana.Levisticum officinale.Helleborus niger.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis.Lilium candidum.

and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and the shagbark hickory. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. < previous page page_38 next page > . The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. There is variety in this plan. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. However. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Carya ovata. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. even though space is limited. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.

caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. box Buxus sempervirens. germander Agastache foeniculum. angelica Mondarda didyma. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. chive Ilex opaca. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. rue Cornusflorida. citrata. Asarum canadense. borage Petroselinum crispum. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. bee balm Melissa officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. sativa. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. box Ruta graveolens. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis.Galium verum. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. sweet basil Satureja montana. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. box Carya ovata. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis.Arisaema triphyllum. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. Marrubium vulgare. Aloysia triphylla. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. Adiantum pedatum. stewardsonii. Poterium sanguisorba. French Galium odoratum. lamb's. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. flax Buxus sempervirens. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. Canada Isatis tinctoria. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. valerian Rosa damascena. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. red mint . aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. green santolina Primula veris.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

For this appearance. unplanned look was desired. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. is on a sandy knoll. this excavation. A singular statue of St. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. An informal. too.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. A clump of birch here. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. < previous page page_40 next page > . However. it is open on the side facing the house. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. first intended for the construction of a cottage. a dipping pool there. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Teucrium canadense.Nepeta cataria.Myrrhis odorata. 33. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 74. celandine cicely 18. 38. 79. 52. 12.Salvia elegans. 70. 36.Althaea officinalis.Satureja montana. wild 51.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium graveolens.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. Thymus × citriodorus.Chrysanthemum balsamita. orris chamaecyparissus.Angelica archangelica.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Urginea maritima. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. spearmint 45.Origanum vulgare.Satureja hortensis. winter savory 20.Levisticum officinale.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Artemisia abrotanum. bee balm . 60. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Chelidonium majus. French'.Melissa officinalis. creeping juniper 26. Johnny-jump-up54. 69. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. pineapple3. wild 43. blue 2. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Origanum onites. sweet 71. 64.Monarda fistulosa.Valeriana officinalis.Consolida orientalis.Ajuga reptans.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. mint 50.Pelargonium quercifolium. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 32. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. woolly thyme 13. 31.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Mentha spicata. 'Prostratus'. golden 37.Stachys byzantina.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. Artemisia dracunculusvar. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium denticulatum.Viola tricolor. gray scented sage santolina 4. marsh 42. orange geranium 11.Anthriscus cerefolium. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 76. 75.Hyssopus officinalis. feverfew 27. Ruta graveolens.Thymus herba-barona.Allium favum lovage 22.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Monarda didyma.Betula papyrifera. 61.Digitalis grandiflora.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Anethum graveolens. rose geranium 10. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Glechoma hederacea.Ocimum basilicum. Thymus praecox subsp.Convallaria majalis. Iris × germanica var. purple basil 9. pennyroyal 46.Pelargonium crispum. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 8.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. myrtle 14. 53. catnip 73. apple mint 49. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. rue 29. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. lemon 35. 68. Sempervivum tectorum.Thymus praecox subsp. 77.Rosa 'Merry England'.Digitalis purpurea. red mint 48.Tanacetum vulgare var. lemon balm 44.Mentha × piperita. garden sage lungwort 57. sea onion angelica 24.Marrubium vulgare. 59.Chrysanthemum 80. 34. chive crispum.Petroselinum crispum. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Mentha × gentilis. 30.Vinca minor. white birch English lavender parthenium.Allium schoenoprasum. 78.Mentha suaveolens.Armeria maritima. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 1. 72.Achillea tomentosa. peppermint 47.Pelargonium tomentosum.Santolina florentina. thrift55. 58. fern-leaf tansy 23. 63.Mentha pulegium.Pulmonaria officinalis. 67. rose bergamot valerian 25.Coriandrum sativum. 65. pot 66.

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made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Foundation stone. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. the accents of the six large box. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. < previous page page_42 next page > . They are clustered around the smokehouse. making it more a part of the herb garden. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. the same as the smokehouse construction. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. and the two small trees. Because of the edging box. is used for the wall. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here.

A.L. .S. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.

Dictamnus albus. rosemary 3.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum.Viola tricolor.The number in each planting area is the key number.Melissa officinalis.Mentha spicata. Satureja hortensis.Prunus domestica.Fritillaria imperialis. sweet cicely45. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. lemon 34.Mentha × piperita. lovage 46. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. balm citrata. summer 25.Mentha × piperita var.Levisticum officinale. 47.Crataegus laevigata. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. purple basil sativa. fringed 43. Lavandula angustifolia.Buxus sempervirens. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 39.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Mentha requienii. Rosmarinus officinalis. box 'Citriodorum'. sweet 37. spearmint 48. sweet 26. 22. Symphytum officinale. 21. 'Purpurascens'. crownbasil savory imperial 11. white 23. winter 42.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. species in variety crispum. Corsican 33. dwarf edging box 14. Origanum majorana. verbena English thyme 5.Satureja montana. 27.Artemisia frigida.Angelica archangelica.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. bee balm 29. Asarum europaeum. lemon 36.Lilium candidum. 44. blue angelica lungwort 20. fraxinella 17.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium giganteum. 41. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Alchemilla vulgaris.Chrysanthemum 28. 35. lady's. orange mint 19.Tanacetum vulgare var. 31. pineapple mint 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Aloysia triphylla. balsamita. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.38.Ocimum basilicum 32.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. lemon basil 15.Myrrhis odorata. 40.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 1. European ginger 4. sweet marjoram 2. English 'Minimum'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Ocimum basilicum 24.Galium odoratum. Pelargonium graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 30.Crocus.Artemisia abrotanum.

Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. although it is ample at four feet. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. the dwarf box edging.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. two specimen shrubs. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. < previous page page_44 next page > . Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. pink of Dianthus. This hedge. too. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. The dipping bowl. This is true also of the stone curbing. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. a soil retainer. Instead. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Lowgrowing. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter.

. A.L.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.S.A.

Heliotropium arborescens.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Crocus tomasinianus. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white 42. 49.Helleborus lividus subsp. 61. gray 22.Convallaria majalis. 26.Nepeta mussinii. clary 32. angustifolia 'Nana'. marjoram crocus 7.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. angel's-tears 59.Cimicifuga racemosa.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Santolina virens.Tulipa kaufmanniana. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Crocus kotschyanus.Aloysia triphylla. Compactus'. 43.Thymus × citriodorus.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 53. 44. golden thyme41.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Hamamelis virginiana.Borago officinalis. prostrate rosemary 18. 45. winter savory 39. sweet 27.Helleborus niger. thyme 29.Pelargonium in variety.Narcissus asturiensis. Spanish bluebell 16. 36.Salvia sclarea. borage 31.Crocus angustifolius. lamb's-ears 28. tulip citrata.Myrica pensylvanica. Thymus praecox subsp. Origanum majorana. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Allium christophii. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. Salvia officinalis. 50. spearmint 48.Galium odoratum.The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 60.Crocus speciosus. 58. 54. American 38. 'Lanuginosus'. 56. 52.Mertensia virginica.Sternbergia lutea. 40.Tulipa clusiana. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Ocimum basilicum.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Galanthus nivalis.Thymus herba-barona. 1. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. 51.Lilium candidum.Levisticum officinale.Digitalis grandiflora. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 34.Mentha × piperita var. lily. 2. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. catmint 35.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet 55. black cohosh windflower 15.Teucrium canadense.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. arcticus 30. lemon 33. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. verbena snowflake 19.57.Narcissus triandrus var. Stachys byzantina.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Mentha × piperita. sweet 47.Pelargonium in variety. orange mint 8. 46.Angelica archangelica.Thymus praecox subsp. caraway thyme albus. Thymus doerfleri.Dicentra spectabilis.Leucojum aestivum.Satureja montana. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 17. Madonna 63.Anemone blanda. green santolina 37. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 20. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. rue25.Mentha spicata.

late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. First. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Morning sun warms it early. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Second. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. very livable and profoundly satisfying. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. The results have been most satisfying. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly.

Landscape Architect.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Beauty'.Apium graveolens.Artemisia lactiflora. 25. tulip 45. marigold 41.A.Allium ampeloprasum.Tulipa tarda.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Ocimum basilicum.Allium neapolitanum. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.S. 1. 26. Origanum heracleoticum. Artemisia absinthium 24. leek 46.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Crocus sieberi. clary thyme 22. absinthe sativa. . A. crocus 44. sweet basil 23. woolly thyme 3.Tagetes 'Lulu'. wild celery 42. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Porrum Group.Salvia sclarea.L. Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 4. French tarragon 5. 'Lambrook Silver'. lemon 21. The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus praecox subsp. English thyme 43.

54.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Aconitum napellus.Ilex opaca. catmint 53. yellow 55.Ipomoea alba. 32.Artemisia camphorata.Lobelia siphilitica. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Dictamnus albus. lamb's-ears 52. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. red currant gray santolina 13.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. dogwood 19. butterfly 47. lobelia Sherbert'.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. bee balm foxglove Choice'. American elderberry 15. pale 49.Aloysia triphylla. Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. lemon 50. pink 30. green 40. 8. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. monkshood upright yew 17.Digitalis grandiflora.Clematis 'Mrs. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. fraxinella 36.Achillea filipendula 60. weed chive 48. 29. alpine 28. 58.Nepeta × faassenii. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. white evergreen azalea 16.Galium mollugo.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lovage 34. American marjoram Yellow'.Stachys byzantina.Dianthus × allwoodii. great 31. viola holly 18. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Ribes sativum.Asclepias tuberosa.Allium senescens var. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.foxglove 7. Robert verbena Brydon'.Cornus florida.Tropaeolum minus. Viola odorata.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet 37.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. 56.Malus hupehensis.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Levisticum officinale.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Santolina virens. clematis 11.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley 20.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. blue 38.Origanum majorana. 39.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

repeats again the octagonal form. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A birdbath of copper.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. Well-drained as they are. an impression of Sol in it. The four herb beds. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. even though the growing area is not extensive. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. are raised with bricks on edge. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

Marrubium vulgare. purple basil 24. Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Lavandula dentata.Pelargonium tomentosum. golden variegated garden sage 38. heliotrope 31. orange santolina geranium 11. sativa. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . white creeping thyme 12.Pelargonium crispum.Aloysia triphylla. lavender pine geranium chive 13. dill 18. lavender 15. clary 21. spearmint southernwood 5. 28. peppermint 4.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. 43.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. 42. lemon 30. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Heliotropium arborescens. 27.Nepeta mussinii. silver mound artemisia 8. rosemary 33. variegated garden sage 37. Semple.Pelargonium denticulatum. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. Stachys byzantina. catmint 6.Salvia sclarea.Mentha × piperita.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 41. lamb's-ears 17.Ocimum basilicum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. prostrate rosemary 34.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. curly parsley 32. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 29.Allium schoenoprasum. French 26. French tarragon 7.Lavandula angustifolia. bush basil 23. absinthe 20. 1. thyme salad burnet 40. crispum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 19.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Petroselinum crispum var.Mentha spicata.Poterium sanguisorba. purple variegated garden sage 36. Artemisia absinthium. lemon 39. Artemisia abrotanum. clove pink 10. gray 'Prince of Orange'. rue 35.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. 16. sweet basil 22. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Joan E. curly mint 3. angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp. Galium odoratum.Ruta graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Anethum graveolens. English thyme horehound 2.Santolina 25.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet woodruff 9.Thymus × citriodorus.

A suitable fence. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose geranium. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. and lantana are a few.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. < previous page page_52 next page > . There are a number of plants suitable for such use. a toolhouse. if neither is available. too. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. A birdbath may replace the pool. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose. lemon verbena. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

heliotrope 21. green 12.L.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. 7.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. lemon thyme 20.Aloysia triphylla. crispum. arcticus 'Albus'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A. woolly thyme 15. rosescented geranium 17. white creeping thyme 2.Tanacetum vulgare var. zonal geranium 18. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.S. The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens. gray santolina chamomile 14.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. sweet santolina marjoram 6. Landscape Architect.Heliotropium arborescens. 9.Origanum majorana. bush basil 5. lemon 10.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. verbena ambrosia 4.Chamaemelum nobile. 13. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Pelargonium frutetorum.A. geranium 16. zonal geranium 19.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 1.Chenopodium botrys. absinthe 'Minimum'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. fern-leaf tansy 8.Artemisia absinthium 11.Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 3.

The dwarf box frames the focal point. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. the design is clearly traced. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. artemisias. As the snows melt. box. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. a deep mauve to others. but the design itself has endured forty years. Box and holly enclose it all. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. mints. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. a sundial. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . apothecary's rose. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Angelica. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. These can easily obliterate a design.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

lamb's-ears 33. 56.Vitis. arcticus 39. blue hyssop 42. blue 50. crimson creeping thyme 18.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens. 1. 26. Chamaemelum nobile. clove pink 29.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . Origanum majorana. 'Albus'. lilac 70.Paeonia officinalis. 62. yew Beauty'. 55.Hyssopus officinalis. pot bergamot marjoram 7. green.30.Myrrhis odorata.Lamium album.47. 65.Thymus praecox subsp. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Tropaeolum majus.Foeniculum vulgare.Helleborus niger. 58. sweet European ginger cicely 3. southernwood 2.Lavandula dentata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. wild 52. Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary 25.Astrantia major.Asarum europaeum. orris box 22.Armeria maritima. arcticus 38.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Pelargonium in variety. dyer's woad 9. sweet 27. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. perilla 51. nasturtium 28.Thymus praecox subsp. thrift 41.Syringa. 67.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Alchemilla alpina. germander 43. 48.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Asclepias tuberosa. rue 23.Isatis tinctoria. Santolina virens.James D.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Monarda fistulosa.Taxus. scented. sweet woodruff45. Canadian burnet 13. piney 44. 59.Origanum onites.Perillafrutescens.Tanacetum vulgare var.Lavandula angustifolia. white 66.Artemisia camphorata. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Galium odoratum. bronze 64.Arisaema dracontium.Lilium candidum. arcticus 40. chamomile 31.Alchemilla vulgaris.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French thyme Madonna lily 16. winter savory 32.Reseda luteola.Iris × germanica var. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. florentina. white creeping thyme French'.Allium schoenoprasum.Sium sisarum. grape fennel 19.Artemisia absinthium. Satureja montana.Stachys byzantina. gray 37. valerian 6.Santolina neapolitana 36. green santolina 24. Dianthus caryophyllus.Helleborus orientalis.63.Sedum telephium.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. absinthe 34. feverfew 14.Symphytum officinale. white dead 49. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Thymus praecox subsp. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Valeriana officinalis. alpine 60.Teucrium chamaedrys.Pyrus communis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. lady's-mantle 46. orris 57. marjoram lungwort crispum. fern-leaf tansy 5. masterwort 69. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. dwarf edging box 21. weld 54.Melissa officinalis. skirret 53.Sempervivum tectorum. Graham. daffodil 17. butterfly weed35. bush basil nettle orpine 4.

This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. In addition to the brick edging around each. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. At the top of the steps. Rosa 'Albertine'. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. but no panacea for the maintenance required. < previous page page_56 next page > . diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. include this one. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. The large. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. pink. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. with buds of red. If there is room for only one rambler rose. rising from the courtyard. However.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. They are small specialty beds.

borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. caraway 24. foxglove 39.Rheum rhabarbarum. lemon balm 42. Carum carvi.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 23. 1. Angelica archangelica. rhubarb 2. tansy Bois'.Satureja montana. lavender 4. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 40. angelica 20.Borago officinalis.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare. bush basil 43. winter savory 41. subsp. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. English thyme .Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Melissa officinalis. alpine strawberry 3. 22.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. Lavandula angustifolia.

49. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. thyme frutescens. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.R. Irish-lace 48.Petroselinum crispum var. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Chrysanthemum.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Lavandula dentata. lemon 51.Pelargonium.R. curly parsley 26. 56. var. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. geranium in 30. Consolida ambigua. pot 50. pineapple34. French'.R. silver 27. Mexican tea 18.Salvia elegans.R. blue hyssop 25. 29.Teucrium chamaedrys. bourbon rose 10.Origanum majorana. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. centifolia var. musk rose 12.sativa.Allium schoenoprasum. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Marrubium vulgare. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. 45.Chenopodium 55. citrata.Calendula officinalis. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . centifolia.Dianthus Victoria'.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.'Baronne Prevost'. French 33.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja hortensis. marguerite chive 9. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Artemisia dracunculus 44.R. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Laurus nobilis. 35. prostrate rosemary 16.R.Aloysia triphylla. 36.Anethum graveolens 47.Chrysanthemum 46.6. sweet 37.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. Pelargonium graveolens. muscosa 15.'Albertine'.Mentha × piperita var.Poterium sanguisorba. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. 54. cheddar pink 53.Tagetes filifolia. 31. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. salad 7. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. centifolia 'Cristata'. clove pink Mammoth'.R. rose 28.Chrysanthemum balsamita.

< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. It is near the house. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Balance is augmented. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Laid in an unusual pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. < previous page page_58 next page > . this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too. as it should be. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

white creeping thyme 4. 20. 16. The number in each planting area is the key number.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Aloysia triphylla. 17. 21. gray 15.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1. dwarf edging box 8.Origanum majorana.A. chive lemon verbena 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.S. angustifolia 'Munstead'. 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 24. double white peony 5. sweet basil 14. rosemary yellow viola 10. green 22.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. A. Landscape Architect. blue hyssop 13.Anethum graveolens. lavender 2. heliotrope 3.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium schoenoprasum.Myosotis sylvatica.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. dill 9. 23.Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Santolina virens.Heliotropium arborescens.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Hyssopus officinalis.L. santolina moss rose 7. Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme signet marigold 11.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 'Albus'.Satureja hortensis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. English'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.

the fence with roses. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. winter pruned. potted lemon verbena. and the grape arbor. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. and a comfortable. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. too. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. < previous page page_60 next page > . The grape vines. Herbs.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. sweet climbing rose. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Iris cristata. 3. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. purple variegated garden sage 4. three. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Aloysia triphylla. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. conical yew rosemary 1. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Nepeta mussinii. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Teucrium chamaedrys. Valeriana officinalis. Althaea officinalis. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Stachys byzantina. lemon Linum perenne. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Galium odoratum. BED II germander BED IV 2. lovage Myrrhis odorata. marsh climbing rose. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale.Amsonia tabernaemontana. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus.Connecticut Vera Breed.

creeping thyme in variety 8. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. fairy rose Giant'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. beach Marrubium vulgare. Chamaemelum nobile. lemon thyme 9. catmint 5. Delphinium × belladonna. angustifolia 'Munstead'. lemon Anemone hybrida. houseleek in variety 7. Thymus × citriodorus. tuberosa 6. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. plume Baptisia australis. Rosmarinus officinalis. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Sempervivum. lavender 10. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'.

and bright green in the herb beds. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Ivy. blue green. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. silver. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. holly. magnolia. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Either it flourished too well. its detail is shown below. tend to broaden the width of the garden. Herbs. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. myrtle. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. if desired. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. planted in bands across these beds. grew too large. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Another angle could be tried with these. Later. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Tanacetum vulgare.Vinca minor. English thyme chamomile 2.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Pelargonium graveolens.Teucrium chamaedrys.Chamaemelum nobile.Origanum majorana. 49. thyme 38. French thyme 39. silver-king artemisia 23.Pelargonium × nervosum. thyme 37.Hedera helix. Ocimum basilicum 24.Magnolia grandiflora. purple basil savory 35.Ilex opaca.Mentha suaveolens.Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf 21. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. 28. winter 'Purpurascens'. lovage 48. gray santolina 15. myrtle 47. caraway thyme 40. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. white creeping thyme 41. 33. Stachys byzantina. box chamaecyparissus. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus herba-barona.Laurus nobilis. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet 34. dwarf edging box 11. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. Ruta graveolens. lemon 46. bayberry balm thyme 13. 44.Satureja montana. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. rue 20.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis.Galium odoratum.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Thymus carnosus. Ocimum basilicum 22. 25. horehound germander 17. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Pelargonium fragrans. salad 43. 'Minimum'. bay rosemary 12. lime geranium 4. Tropaeolum minus.Thymus × citriodorus. bee balm30.Levisticum officinale. purple garden sage 7.Myrica pensylvanica. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Melissa officinalis. lemon 29.Buxus sempervirens 14.Thymus praecox subsp. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . borage 26.Lavandula angustifolia. woolly thyme 8. English'. ears rose geranium 3. 6. tansy 45. lamb's.Thymus doerfleri. Borago officinalis.Rumex scutatus. spearmint 42. bush basil albula. arcticus 'Albus'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1. English ivy burnet 10.Artemisia ludoviciana var. sweet woodruff 36.19.Marrubium vulgare.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. American holly 31. French 27. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Monarda didyma.Mentha spicata.

Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. potted shrubs. Laurus nobilis. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. < previous page page_64 next page > . as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. It is located for the best viewing. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. accent this prime focal point even more. standards. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. too. brick. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. and treessome of which are espaliered. too. maypoles.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. It is a large garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. The use of flagstone. The four potted bay. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. adding to the space for walking. There is variety in the walks.

fragrans.50.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. apple English thyme up geranium 3.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lemon 29.acerifolium. wild 28. 49. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 25.P. Thymus × citriodorus. Johnny-jump.Nigella damascena. 26.Calendula officinalis. love-in. musty oakscented geranium 5. 1.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.P.Viola tricolor.53. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.P.quercifolium.odoratissimum. Satureja montana. 51.Chenopodium botrys. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . pot 52.P. winter 27.P.

golden lemon thyme 7.Aloysia triphylla. horehound 46. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. dill 36. white sweet yarrow violet 13. 62.P. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.P. forsythia 'Albus'.P. 44. crispum. radens. tomentosum.Acorus calamus. fern-leaf 'Nana'. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. chamomile 8.Poterium sanguisorba.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P. bay 20. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.P. lemon balm 45.P. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Thymus praecox subsp. pine crispum. rose geranium66.Forsythia.P. lemon-rose geranium 22. lemon 47. French tarragon Rose'. salad 42. 41. lime geranium 55. lettuce 39.Artemisia abrotanum.P.Melissa officinalis. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. parsley 35. white creeping thyme geranium 68. 64.Thymus serpyllum. crispum 'Minor'. 57.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. crowfoot 70.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. 58. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . 61.Monarda didyma. Rosmarinus officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile.Laurus nobilis.Marrubium vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. English lavender 32.72.Livingston'.Myrtus communis.Foeniculum vulgare.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Salvia caerulea.6.Allium schoenoprasum. glutinosum. lemon 65. lemon geranium 56. pheasant's. bee balm 63. lemon geranium 33.P. peppermint 67.P. cherry tomato chive 17.Achilleafilipendula. sweet flag 16. lettuce 40.Malus.Malus angustifolia.Salvia officinalis. 71. strawberry 48.Viola odorata. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 10.Pelargonium crispum. camphor-scented geranium 69.Tanacetum vulgare var.Origanum dictamnus.Fragaria vesca. denticulatum.Anethum graveolens. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. sweet 37.Poncirus trifoliata. box 19. wild thyme 31.P. lemon southernwood geranium 34. denticulatum 11.Mentha. fern-leaf 60.Origanum majorana. garden sage 54. orange geranium 23.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Petroselinum crispum.× nervosum. graveolens. radens 'Dr.P.Allium senescens var. rosemary 9.P. arcticus43. classic 21.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. bronze 38.Artemisia dracunculus var. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Mentha pulegium.

Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. < previous page page_66 next page > . The result is one of sculptured elegance. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. In keeping with this feeling. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. green santolina. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. too. and Allium karataviense. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. This is a large garden by any standard.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 9. 8. chive 4. Mentha suaveolens. wormwood fennel 2.Allium christophii. Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 18.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf garden 17.Allium moly.Satureja montana. Santolina virens.Liriope muscari. green santolina 14.Florence B. Baker.Levisticum officinale. 1. fringed 7. big blue lilyturf 12.Allium sativa. arcticus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Salvia officinalis. 15. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Foeniculum vulgare. lemon 11. blue hyssop 16. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Artemisia frigida. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . gray 10. apple mint 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. the upper deck.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. for the box after new spring growth. Many herb gardens could provide this. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the circle. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. < previous page page_70 next page > . One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the square. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. and the front porch of the house. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. dwarf edging box 7.Cupressus sempervirens. viola 3.Chamaemelum nobile. 1.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf myrtle 6.The number in each planting area is the key number.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. chamomile 2.Cedrus deodara. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Satureja montana.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lemon 8. Italian cypress 9. lavender 5. winter savory 4.

. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. from Peter Coats. as it was with this plan. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Coin with Tudor rose design. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. Paths are gravel. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Roses.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Origanum majorana.Ruta graveolens. caraway 35.Carum carvi. saffron lily crocus 12. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. parsley 29.Primula elatior. salad burnet 10. rue 33.Mentha × piperita. yellow flag 26. sweet marjoram 3. 19. Thymus serpyllum. absinthe peppermint 8.Fragaria vesca. Eryngium maritimum. pot marigold 15. blue hyssop 2. rosemary 16.Aconitum napellus.Melissa officinalis. lettuce 28.Viola tricolor. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Primula vulgaris. lemon balm 31.Poterium sanguisorba.Crocus sativus.Crithmum maritimum. classic myrtle 18.Petroselinum crispum.Viola odorata.Lavandula angustifolia. 25. wild thyme 5. Hyssopus officinalis. Dianthus caryophyllus. English daisy 36. Chamaemelum nobile.Calendula officinalis. 22.The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet violet 6. earth 24.Lilium candidum. monkshood27. clove20.Iris pseudacorus.Myrtus communis. 1.Anemone pulsatilla.Lactuca sativa. spearmint 30. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Rosmarinus officinalis. Malva sylvestris. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Bellis perennis. 34.Satureja montana. fennel 21. Foeniculum vulgare.Buxus sempervirens. mallow 13.Mentha spicata. winter 32.Fumaria officinalis. oxlip 17. chamomile 4. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. Madonna 23.

concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. along with a measure of fragrance. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. but Always Love. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. white." Concrete blocks. white blooms and woolly. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. most of the blooms are nightscented.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. spurred. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. Selected for this reason. plumed. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . However. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. its tufted. silver mound. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours.

'Albus'. Stachys byzantina.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Santolina chamaecyparissus. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. white . Thymus 'Argenteus'. pink 15.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. white 32.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Marrubiam vulgare.Galanthus nivalis. lamb's. sweet 31.Galium odoratum.19. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. horehound 2.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Dictamnus albus. silver mound artemisia 3. Dianthus 'White Lace'. petunia 30.Lilium candidum. silver 16. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. 1. 17.

23. orris 8. Adam's.Malus 'Guiding Star'. rose 41. lily-ofthe-valley 11. white 22.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. needle florentina.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.21. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .6. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. lavender 12.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. dame's honesty rocket 14. daffodil 35.Polianthes tuberosa. Artemisia absinthium. Viola odorata.Iris × germanica var.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Yucca filamentosa.Artemisia stellerana. western mugwort 7.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Salvia sclarea. albula. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. white stock absinthe 10. 26. tulip 37. tulip 38. 25.Chrysanthemum parthenium. moonflower 39. 28.Convallaria majalis. rose 40.Hesperis matronalis.Artemisia ludoviciana.Lunaria annua. tuberose 36. beach mugwort wormwood 9. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. sweet violet 20. Artemisia lactiflora.Matthiola incana.Rosa 'Cinderella'. white 27. clary 24.Ipomoea alba.

The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. This herb garden. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. textures. Many of these herbs lack the hues. and fragrances usually considered characteristic.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. < previous page page_76 next page > . An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Rather. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. required their use as an educational adjunct. too. related to an old mill reconstruction.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

indigo hemp John's-wort 9. Scotch broom hemp 7. madder 54.Morus rubra or alba.Tagetes erecta.Reseda luteola.Cladrastis lutea. Abutilon theophrasti. ramie 24.Filipendula ulmaria.Monarda didyma. onion China jute 4. privet marigold 15.Phytolacca americana. Hibiscus cannabinus.51.Coreopsis tinctoria.Genista germanica. dyer's broom safflower 6. 32.Isatis tinctoria.Rhus typhina.Parmelia conspersa.Crocus sativus. Sansevieria trifasciata. fuller's 30. 53. woad Susan laevifolium. 37. Agave sisalana. 39.Prunus persica. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Hydrastis canadensis. dyer's 31.46.Galium odoratum..Convallaria majalis. St. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Ligustrum vulgare.Hypericum perforatum.Viburnum acerifolium. saffron crocus marguerite 3. garden 56. henequen marigold bearberry 8. bee 36. queen.Anchusa officinalis. goldthread 41.Allium cepa. Gossypium hirsutum.Indigofera tinctoria. African 45. blueberry 13.Tagetes patula.Galium verum.Cotinus coggygria. French 33. Agave fourcroydes.Rumex acetosa. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . alkanet 52. sisal 27. 47. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Urtica dioica. broad 42. Boehmeria nivea. 48.Anthemis tinctoria.Solidago species. weld 57. yellow 55.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Linum usitatissimum.Rubia tinctorum.Furcraea hexapetala.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Chelidonium majus. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. sweet 49. Musa textilis. Manila 25.Genista tinctoria. 22. lily. 35.Carthamus tinctorius. 29. 43. stinging nettle44.Coptis trifolia. peach bracken sorrel 19.Rudbeckia hirta.Mahonia aquifolium. 28.Dipsacus sativus. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. sumac poke 17.Agrimonia eupatoria.Cytisus scoparius.38.Berberis vulgaris. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. black-eyed 50. 20.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Pteridium aquilinum.Sanguinaria canadensis. golden 40. 26. 34.Rumex obtusifolius. 1. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 23.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. flax 21.

as well as the roses.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. A totally appealing edging. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Elsewhere. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. < previous page page_78 next page > . Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'American Pillar'. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'White Rose of York' 3. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Alfred de Rougemont'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 22. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. cl. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Seven Sisters'. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 18.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. cl. 23. 'Mme. rambler 20. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . 'Sombreuil'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 24. 25. 1. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Marie Pavic' 8. rambler 19. cl. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Legras de St. cl. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme.

There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . The notch of four square feet. Circles and angles provide interest.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

sprouts celery 8.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. 22. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. celery Bed 9.B.C. annuum 'Teno'. cepa Proliferum Group. oleracea 'Green Parade'. graveolens var. melongena 2.A. annuum 'Red Boy'. Beauty'. celery I 31. C. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. giant garlic var. crispum 'Banquet'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.Apium graveolens var. tuberosum. 48. annuum 'Golden Bell'.A. melongena 1. red 37.C.C. red-flowered kale 6.Cichorium intybus. red 38.Solanum melongena var. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.annuum 'Floral Gem'. lycopersicum var. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. shallot Lakes'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. C.sativa 'Ruby'. 26.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. celery Group.B.A. annuum 'Variegata'.A. C.L.B. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.C. graveolens var.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. graveolens var. 39. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. annuum 'Nosegay'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. C.B. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. oleracea 'Prima'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. 32.B. Capsicum annuum var. C. garlic chive 44. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. ruby swiss chard var. dulce 50. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.B. 28.A. dulce 'Utah 5270'.B.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Wisconsin Group.L. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. Petroselinum crispum var. oleracea 'Red Acre'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. annuum 'Mosaic'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. schoenoprasum.A.B. pear Purple Vienna'. annuum 'Black Prince'.B.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. C.A. 29.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.B. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.B. Boerner. curly eggplant parsley 23.S. 27. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. 25. 45. cherry tomato 34. C. 30.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. leek 5.C. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.A. 24.C. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.S.esculentum 'Long Black'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.A. annuum 'Pinocchio'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. eggplant 43. annuum 'Fips'. white-flowered kale 49. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. 40. scorodoprasum. kohlrabi Rock'. chive 42. dulce 47. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.

All of the circles. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. When viewed from the terrace above. for each is a complete entity. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and golden thyme. winter savory.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. arcs. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

odoratissimum.A. acerifolium. radens 'Dr. germander crowfoot geranium 21. 29.P. tomentosum. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. golden 11.S. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. oak-leaved geranium 16.Myrica pensylvanica. Satureja montana. lemon geranium 22. Landscape Architect.P. apricot geranium28.P. orange geranium 8. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P. Marshall.P. crispum 'French Lace. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.L. 12. Teucrium chamaedrys. The number in each planting area is the key number. P.× nervosum.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. P. 17.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . Santolina chamaecyparissus. green 14. winter 13. grossularioides.P. × domesticum 6.P. Assoc.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P.P. rose-scented geranium 4. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 15. peppermint 26.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'..P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. inkberry geranium 9. 1. gooseberry geranium 24. P.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P.P.' lemon geranium 23.Melissa R.P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. lime geranium Rose'. graveolens. 19.Ilex glabra. apple gray santolina geranium 3. Santolina virens. × nervosum 'Torento'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. maple-leaved 18. pungent-scented geranium 25. Livingston'. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. A. rose geranium 27. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P. scabrum. crispum.

Hyssopus officinalis. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina virens. closed knot design. such as a dwarf edging box. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. texture. . blue hyssop 3. was planted using edging box only. For ease of maintenance this same knot design.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. sand. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. which is framed with a brick edging. or marble chips. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. filled with plants that have contrasting color. To ease the care for a more complicated design. For the knot to look its best at all times. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. English lavender 2. Its interspaces can be mulched. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. and growth to the plants of the knot design. on page 37. Maintenance is high for a knot. 1. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. especially when it is blooming.

Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp. 1. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. green santolina 2.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf edging box 4.

white 7. rosemary creeping thyme 2. The knot material is maintained at six inches. which are confined to that area.T. Rosmarinus officinalis. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. fig 4. Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Thymus praecox subsp. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. praecox subsp. creeping thymes. 8. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. lavender Japanese barberry 5. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. which is found more often out in the open. Some maintenance is required for clipping. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.S. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.officinalis 'Tricolor'. herba-barona. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. the height of the edging. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. caraway thyme 9. purple variegated 11. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. variegated garden sage .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 'Coccineus'.T. arcticus 'Albus'. In another departure from the usual. germander crimson creeping thyme 3.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

American germander 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 2. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Teucrium canadense. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender .< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. germander . Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.

gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.

The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. pleasing color. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. adding another facet to an appealing design. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. each one a quarter-circle. again laid on edge. < previous page page_88 next page > . a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. which are also laid on edge. a complement for the colors of the plant material. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Anthemis marschalliana. French lavender 3. dwarf gray santolina 20. 1. gray santolina 2. silver horehound 19.Anthemis tinctoria.Artemisia frigida.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Marrubium incanum. tree germander 22. blue sage 13. rue 21.Crithmum maritimum.Salvia clevelandii.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. 18.Stachys byzantina.Teucrium fruticans.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. candicans.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Lavandula dentata var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Perovskia atriplicifolia. silver thyme 6. glaucum 11. tree artemisia 26. angustifolia 'Rosea'.The number in each planting area is the key number. samphire14. lavender 8.Allium senescens var.Leontopodium alpinum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia arborescens. golden marguerite 25. dwarf 12.Helichrysum angustifolium.Salvia argentea. lavender 9. curry plant 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. 17. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Santolina neapolitana 10.Thymus 'Argenteus'. Russian sage 24. woolly yarrow 23. lavender 5. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. grenadin pink chamomile 4. silver sage 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus × caryophyllus. 16.

The color of the container plays a lesser role. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. lady's-mantle. If one is familiar with herbs. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. which include hanging baskets. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. thyme. < previous page page_90 next page > .< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. are without number. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Some are rosemary. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. and the savories. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. sweet marjoram. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. basil. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. As with other plant material. Styles of containers. oregano. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers.

< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. providing herbs in abundance.

Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

A.S. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. However. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. If children's interest is not sustained. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L. A. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. < previous page page_95 next page > . Of course supervision is necessary. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. LandscapeArchitect.

If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. A sundial can be fun and also educational. too. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Just keep a garden design for children simple. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. they are easily handpicked." selected for their greater fragrance. < previous page page_96 next page > . Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Instead of benches on the patio. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Children in this age group can help with the construction. These are ''old roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio.

Landscape Architect.S. .< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A.L. A.

rocambole 28. Dianthus plumarius. 20.Artemisia camphorata. neapolitanum. cottage pink 18.Satureja hortensis. Petroselinum crispum var. 1.Anethum graveolens. summer savory 22. horehound 26.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Rosa damascena.Lavandula angustifolia. clary 25. garden sage 24. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . lovage 12. glaucum 31. love-in-a-mist 14. ambrosia 2. damask rose 32.Rosa gallica.Isatis tinctoria.Salvia sclarea.Calendula officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Petroselinum crispum var.Marrubium vulgare. 19. English lavender 4.Salvia officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. Borago officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Origanum majorana. dill pennyroyal 11. American 21. Nigella damascena.Allium moly. ophioscorodon. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Chenopodium botrys. lily leek 30.Allium senescens var. 13.Allium sativum var. English lavender 7. garlic chive 29. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Artemisia abrotanum. Italian parsley 23. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Levisticum officinale. southernwood 5. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. alpine strawberry 3. borage 15.Tropaeolum minus. catnip 27. 16. dwarf 6. pot marigold 8. crispum.Nepeta cataria.Allium tuberosum. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.

The sculptures. previously used as a skating rink. The oval. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. < previous page page_98 next page > . not noted on the plan. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. All are inviting to the touch. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. are a seal and a turtle. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need.

F.A. Landscape Architect. .A.R.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.

chamomile Mentha. Nepeta cataria. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. marigold Salvia officinalis. winter savory Mentha. English Tussilago farfara. duckweed Antennaria. mint Galium odoratum. cowslip Linaria. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. fleabane Stellaria. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. Allium schoenoprasum. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. mint Tagetes. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. bee balm Satureja montana. Foeniculum vulgare. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. bee orchid Erigeron. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. dog violet Lemna. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. lousewort Viola canina. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. Greek Stachys byzantina. borage Tanacetum vulgare. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . catnip Chamaemelum nobile. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. Trifolium pratense. fat-hen Primula veris. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. coltsfoot Mimulus. tansy Monarda didyma. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. chive dandelion Allium sativum.Hedeoma pulegioides. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi.

Here. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Instead. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. feverfew. A number of wooden window frames. Still. an exceedingly long one. are superb for displaying potted herbs. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Their height eases the task of weeding. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. < previous page page_101 next page > . minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. developed particularly for study. its wooden structure long gone. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. a mint. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. for an old barn foundation of stone. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Its plant list. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. and old barn beams another about the same height. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. it is a most satisfying growing situation. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

foxglove 2. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Hypericum perforatum.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Agastache cana. sweet 41.Ranunculus ficaria.Salvia officinalis. silver thyme 105. 45. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.S. white creeping thyme 97.Stachys officinalis. basil blue hyssop 15.Galium odoratum. purple variegated garden sage 85. basilicum 'Minimum'. golden variegated garden sage 86.Digitalis purpurea. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Plantago major. sweet 53.Achillea millefolium.T. garden sage 84. tomentosum. 66.Echium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. praecox subsp. woolly thyme 101.A. nitidus.Genista tinctoria. pot marjoram bugloss 27. golden thyme 98.Stachys grandifora 93. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.T. Grecian 59.T 'Argenteus'.Veronica serpyllifolia. sweet violet 40. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Agastache foeniculum. 48. calamint valerian 24.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Viola odorata.O.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. variegated garden sage 87. camphorata.S. arcticus 'Albus'.A. arcticus 'Coccineus'.P. plantain 80. caraway thyme 103.Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia.O. St.-John'swort 91. golden lemon thyme 99. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Myrrhis odorata. 50. wild lemon basil ginger 16. celandine madder 79. crimson creeping thyme 96. camphor. alpine savory 89.T. southernwood houseleek 12.P.Melissa officinalis. catmint 63.Campanula rapunculus. pontica. bee balm lovage 20. mosquito plant 19. fern-leaf tansy 95. graveolens.Geranium robertianum. didyma 'Rosea'.T. sweet celandine marjoram 28.S. abrotanum.Physalis heterophylla. absinthium.T.Digitalis lanata. French tarragon geranium 7. rosemary 82. lemon 52. 44.T.Aloysia triphylla. southernwood ground cherry 10.A. odorous thyme 104. 54. rose sativa. praecox subsp.Calendula officinalis. beach 47.A. pallasianus.Lychnis coronaria. richardii subsp. sweet cicely 94. marsh mallow 13. winter savory 88. officinalis 'Aurea'. viper's 65. pot marigold 25.O. bee balm57. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. yarrow herb Robert 4. thyme 102.Asarum canadense. 62. balm horehound 14.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosmarinus officinalis.Angelica archangelica.O. skirret 90. rampion 81.Rubia tinctorum. majorana.A. 1.Ocimum basilicum.Nepeta mussinii.Campanula persicifolia. lemon thyme 100. angelica lemon geranium 5.Artemisia dracunculus var.O.Sium sisarum. stellerana.Tanacetum vulgare var. pink 58. rue 83. Roman 46. 'Clear Gold'. odoratissimum.M.Satureja montana.Althaea officinalis. absinthe 51. lemon verbena 106. crispum. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. golden marjoram 26. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Thymus praecox subsp.Euphorbia cyparissias.Monarda didyma. × citriodorus. creeping veronica .T. 61.T. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Valeriana officinalis. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. onites. herba-barona.Hyssopus officinalis. 55. betony 92.49. lesser 67. basilicum 56. 64.Calamintha grandiflora.Sempervivum tectorum. rose costmary campion 23.Chelidonium majus. apple wormwood geranium 8. 60.Pulmonaria officinalis.Viola tricolor. 'Purpurascens'. officinalis 'Tricolor'. 43.Acinos alpinus. wormwood germander 9.A.P.Pelargonium crispum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Marrubium vulgare. purple basil English lavender 18. 42.Ruta graveolens.

spicata.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Helichrysum angustifolium.Dianthus plumarius 75. evening 77. red mint comfrey 33.M.Allium sativum. ostrowskianum 34.Lilium candidum.Lysimachia vulgaris. garlic 111. Madonna lily leucanthemum. dyer's woad 110.A.Chrysanthemum parthenium. spearmint 107.Chrysanthemum 78. wild 116. orange mint 32.cepa. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Chrysanthemum 74.Verbascum thapsus. apple mint 69.Cichorium intybus. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.29. moth 113. 73.Atriplex hortensis.Mentha suaveolens. blattaria.Laurus nobilis. feverfew cinerariifolium. citrata.Isatis tinctoria. × gentilis. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. curry plant mullein 35.Yucca filamentosa.M. chervil 68.Origanum vulgare. pineapple mint 31. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. oxeye daisy mullein 36. cowslip 72.Myrtus communis.Anthriscus cerefolium.Oenothera biennis. pin cherry 39. orach115. veronica 108. tree onion 112. chamomile 30. 71.M.M. chicory 70.V. × piperita var.Prunus pensylvanica. 114. Proliferum Group. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.Primula veris.Chamaemelum nobile.Origanum dictamnus.Veronica officinalis.A. yucca 109. 76. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Symphytum officinale.

The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. not just hiding it.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. but not obvious. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Francis. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A wheelshaped bed. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. of good proportion for the size of the opening. < previous page page_104 next page > . A statue of St. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. its outline constructed of brick. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

AREA X Solanum jasminoides. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. white Justicia carnea. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Eriobotrya japonica. Vetiveria zizanioides. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. poet's Solidago californica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. cat Watsonia rosea. potato Brassica eruca.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. labdanum Cistus crispus. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. Cestrum nocturnum. menthifolia. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. loquat Cichorium intybus. AREA VI japonica. Sidney Ephedra viridis. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. only those not found on other lists are noted here. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. Eleocharis dulcis. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. lion's-ear prismaticum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > .

is a center of interest. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. emphasizes the circle. < previous page page_106 next page > . The damask rose 'Celsiana'. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. The exterior brick path. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. an "old rose" and fragrant. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. another a Mary garden.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. to name a few. and a third a culinary garden. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. One is a garden of legends. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. but also for proper leaf size. or potpourri. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. scented-leaf geraniums. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. not only for hardiness where needed.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Calendula officinalis. spearmint 22. costmary 6. sweet marjoram basil 12.20. Hyssopus officinalis.Lamium album. Artemisia absinthium.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Alchemilla vulgaris. lady's. black 23.Narcissus mustard 14.Hedera helix. flax 17.Mentha spicata. hyssop rose 9. rue 28. Angelica archangelica.Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. pot 26. white dead 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English ivy rosemary 8.Brassica nigra. 27.19. English thyme 13. angelica 2. chive bedstraw 16. Johnny-jump.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Crocus sativus. saffron crocus marigold 7.Galium verum. Anethum graveolens.Ruta graveolens.Ocimum basilicum. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Viola tricolor.Origanum majorana. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . chamomile 3. Linum usitatissimum.Salvia officinalis. blue 18.Allium schoenoprasum. garden up sage 10. absinthe 4. pyrethrum 5. dill 11. Chamaemelum nobile. sweet 21. yellow 25.

Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. < previous page page_108 next page > . a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits.

musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Artemisia absinthium. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. Russian 'Prostratus'. rue Malva alcea var. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. Cotinus coggygria. peppermint Laurus nobilis. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. bay Echeveria × imbricata. Myrrhis odorata.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. spearmint Mentha × piperita. fastigiata. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. perennial flax Galium odoratum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. sweet Myrtus communis. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. clove Marrubium vulgare. blue Lamium maculatum. beach Monarda didyma. thyme Cnicus benedictus. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica.

but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. and huge. The generous use of edgings. features a closed knot of superior design.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. < previous page page_110 next page > . the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. Viewed from the terrace garden. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. This is a general rule observed. too. simply on a smaller scale. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. Appropriately used as accents. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner.

This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Teucrium chamaedrys. that of good proportion. and the mulch. 'Tiny Rubies'. lavender 5. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A. dwarf box . and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. has its size dictated by a rule of design. Routine clipping is required.A.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. gray santolina 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. cheddar pink 4. six feet in diameter. The number in each planting area is the key number. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.L. germander 2. green santolina 6. blue hyssop 3. of greater size than is commonly found. Design plan of herb garden 1.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina virens. Landscape Architect.S.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.

columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. black haw Prunus americana. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. plum Prunus maritima. quince Magnolia virginiana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. box Myrica pensylvanica. dogwood Pinus nigra. goat willow Sassafras albidum. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. box Calycanthus fioridus. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . japonica. beach plum Corylus avellana. honey locust Cornus florida. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. shadbush Salix caprea. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin.

Lavandula. silver thyme T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Rosmarinus. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. 'Annie Hall' T. Salvia. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. praecox subsp. doerfleri T. However. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. As a rule. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. arcticus 'Rosea' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. leucotrichus T. 'Argenteus'. its plant material varied. Currently. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. and a miscellany of others. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. herba-barona. arcticus T. praecox subsp. 'Doone Valley' . caraway thyme T.

angustifolia subsp. Mexican bush sage S. praecox subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia. angustifolia subsp. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. involucrata. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. pine-scented rosemary R. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. anise sage S. arcticus 'Coccineus'. ramie . vulgaris 'Albus' T. dentata. angustissimus. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia subsp. leucantha. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. heterophylla. 'Clear Gold'. English lavender L. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. greggii. blue sage S. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. golden rosemary R. crimson creeping thyme T. purple variegated garden sage S.T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. golden thyme T. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. praecox subsp. sweet lavender L. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. guaranitica. autumn sage S. officinalis 'Aurea'. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L.

Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

a well beside the house. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Smith. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. obedient plant. L. family needsmedicinal. for scrubbing pots. culinary. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. balmony. which were located between the water supply. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. horsetail. Circumstances determined these priorities. used in salads or boiled. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. rupturewort. Prunella vulgaris. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. constructed of brick made on the property. Sium sisarum. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The house. Equisetum arvense. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Cheloneglabra. Herniaria glabra. to lure bees. Physostegia virginiana. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Primarily. Hesperis matronalis. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . The apple trees. to sweeten the air. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret.

These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. too. for a few are in use now. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. < previous page page_116 next page > . while functional. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. too. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Today. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

15.Pinus taeda. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Lonicera flava. 1. Cape jasmine 10. Banksia rose 14. southern laciniata.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lagerstroemia indica. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. bay 7.Lonicera sempervirens. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Rosa banksiae. Gardenia jasminoides. wisteria 13. rosemary 2. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Syringa × persica var.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium sativum.Punica granatum. 16.Prunus angustifolia.Laurus nobilis. fig 6.Sambucus canadensis. trumpet 11.Malus angustifolia. garlic 9. yellow 12.Ficus carica. pomegranate 3.Wisteria frutescens.

< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The effect would be quite different without them. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. Italy. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. too. < previous page page_118 next page > . Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Appropriately.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

sweet 64. 54.Teucrium chamaedrys.Achillea millefolium. lovage 35. box chamomile 9.Mentha × piperita.Lilium candidum.Ilex vomitoria.Hamamelis virginiana. catnip 34. 42. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. hyssop sassafras 20.Foeniculum vulgare. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Dianthus caryophyllus. horsemint lobelia 23.Pulmonaria officinalis.Laurus nobilis. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Gaultheria procumbens.Acorus calamus. fuller's teasel 67.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. yarrow lungwort 22.Dipsacus sativus.Armoracia rusticana.Vinca minor. 66.Rosa laevigata. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Populus balsamifera.Tanacetum vulgare. 38. 61. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Cimicifuga racemosa.Melissa officinalis. senna woodruff 15.Asarum virginicum.Lonicera sempervirens. borage 31.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. mullein 49. trumpet honeysuckle 4. basil chive 3.Cornus florida. 70. 43.Pinckneya pubens. 37. sweet 27.Santolina chamaecyparissus. yellow-root 7. saffron crocus 25. rue 56. tansy 65. black 29. fennel 40. sweet flag marigold 24. gray santolina witch hazel 11. 45.Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia.Galium odoratum. 63.Digitalis purpurea. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. 1.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Cassia marilandica.Ilex opaca.Punica granatum.Buxus sempervirens.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Chamaemelum nobile.Sassafras albidum.Anethum graveolens.Chimaphila umbellata. peony 51. myrtle 53.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Monarda punctata. balm autumn crocus 2. blue 46.Lobelia siphilitica.Monarda didyma. 60.Calendula officinalis. garden sage 59.Colchicum autumnale.Mentha spicata. 33.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet shrub 10. dogwood horehound 18. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. lemon 26. pot 48. 68.57. 55.Borago officinalis. wild ginger69.Asclepias tuberosa. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Ruta graveolens. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. agrimony 58.Rosmarinus officinalis.Paeonia officinalis. bee balm 28.Agrimonia eupatoria. foxglove 41.Artemisia dracunculus var. 50. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Artemisia abrotanum.Nepeta cataria. dill 39. St. great 47. spearmint 62.Ocimum basilicum. clove 36.Mentha pulegium.Lindera benzoin.Hypericum perforatum. sativa.Calycanthus fioridus.Rubus allegheniensis. blue 44. American holly 16.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. peppermint 52.Verbascum thapsus.Crocus sativus. 30. butterfly 32. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Marrubium vulgare.Elizabeth Lawrence.Symphytum officinale.

Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. and fragrances they developed. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. This is true for the remedies. of herbs for one loaf of bread. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. < previous page page_120 next page > . toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. In any event. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. 1 T. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. preventives.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners.

pear < previous page page_121 next page > . horsemint 20. tansy 11. quince 24. 14.Mentha spicata.Origanum majorana.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. spearmint 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. Calendula officinalis.Monarda punctata.Digitalis purpurea. absinthe 9.Papaver somniferum. horehound 15. English thyme rosemary 7. pot marigold 2.Marrubium vulgare.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet marjoram 6. foxglove 12. peppermint 18.Ocimum basilicum. caraway 19.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha × piperita. winter savory 4.Salvia officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. garden sage 8.Artemisia absinthium. blue hyssop 21.Tanacetum vulgare. lavender lovage 3.Pyrus communis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Satureja montana. sweet basil 13. apothecary's rose 22. English 10.Viburnum prunifolium.Cydonia oblonga.Carum carvi. opium poppy 5.Levisticum officinale.Nepeta cataria. black haw 23. catnip 16. 1.

makes it something of a focal point. Some could be used singly. often it is reconstructed. The main paths of brick unify the garden. from early Moravian settlements. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. for example the large square bed with circular path. the other 1761. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. and bricks raise the beds. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. and if the best has not always survived. The beds are used to achieve balance. Allowed such freedom of expression. Shaded by hop vines. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. Thus it was for this garden.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. centrally located. to study it. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. one dated 1759. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. < previous page page_122 next page > .

A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.L.S. Campbell. . A.

Tropaeolum majus.Rosa eglanteria. corn poppy 79.Hyssopus officinalis.Celosia cristata.Rosmarinus officinalis.Inula helenium. Carolina jessamine 38.Anethum graveolens. Madonna lily 59. mugwort67.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha spicata. yarrow 4. grape larkspur 41.Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. eglantine Group. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Marrubium vulgare.Symphytum officinale.Nepeta cataria. blessed thistle 8.Atriplex hortensis. feverfew southern magnolia 27. love.Rosa centifolia.Passiflora incarnata.Gelsemium sempervirens. sorrel 65. columbine 29. lavender rose 21.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Papaver rhoeas. garlic lungwort 36.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Mentha × piperita.Consolida ambigua. absinthe 45.Borago officinalis. 80. daisy crape myrtle 23. parsley 32.Alcea rosea. poet's narcissus 61.Dianthus caryophyllus.Rosa roxburghii. 1. elecampane 11.Rubia tinctorum. horehound 56.Hydrangea quercifolia. chestnut rose 43.Chrysanthemum parthenium. black cumin 46. garden nasturtium 12.Origanum majorana.Lilium candidum.Foeniculum vulgare.Aquilegia vulgaris. lemon 64.Crocus sativus.Melissa officinalis. sweet 71. hollyhock 51. English 78. clary 30. rhubarb 10.Rheum rhabarbarum. damask coriander rose 19.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. balm chive 37. cockscomb 47. dwarf nasturtium 13.Bellis perennis.Vitis.Matthiola incana. redbud 24. rosemary49. betony 82. fennel marjoram 28. madder 16. lovage 9.Petroselinum crispum. tansy 6.Artemisia vulgaris. English thyme 2. spearmint 57. 66.Ficus.Chamaemelum nobile.Cornusflorida. sweet 55. blue 69.Narcissus tazetta. polyanthus narcissus 60. stock 50. marsh mallow 7.Coriandrum sativum. asparagus 31. 68.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lagerstroemia indica.Cercis canadensis. blue 63.Tropaeolum minus. garden sage 15. 62.The number in each planting area is the key number.Saponaria officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. cabbage angustifolia.Cnicus benedictus.Narcissus poeticus. 74.Rosa gallica. 54.Salvia viridis. orach 76. hyssop maypop 42. red pepper 20.Salvia sclarea.Ruta graveolens. caraway 72. comfrey 33.Amaranthus caudatus.Clematis virginiana.Humulus lupulus.Rumex acetosa. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Althaea officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Nigella sativa.Salvia officinalis. holy thistle 58. hop southernwood 39.Silybum marianum. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. borage 5.Stachys officinalis. 81. 52.77. basil moss rose 44. catnip 70.Allium sativum.Magnolia grandiflora. clove 53. rue 14. autumn crocus 34.Rosa moschata. annual clary 3. virgin's bower 40.Asparagus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Armoracia rusticana.Carum carvi.Artemisia abrotanum.Achillea millefolium.Colchicum autumnale. chamomile 17. dill 73.Rosa damascena. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. 48. French rose 18.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. far from the house. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Calluna (heather). This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . First. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The next most desirable exposure. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. This space was never adequate. even boggy. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. and the north point is established. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. the western. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. Usually this is least desirable. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. it is proper to make a trial run. Thus. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The lesser the scale. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Although some observations may seem obvious. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). A ravine and existing.

Culinary herbs will fill a large. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. single bed. It was a pleasurable assignment. 127 indicates. and the search did not take long. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used.ground where drainage is better. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The new herb garden has been located. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. another is close to the rear of the house. as the drawing on p. Indeed. and the property line on the last. The. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. < previous page page_126 next page > . The general outline is similar. Then. but it need not be identical. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. certainly not precisely the same. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. a driveway on still another. 77 provided the needed inspiration. all four sides are so determined. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The outline is fixed.

< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. In fact. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. then north. If. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. this low wall will enclose the garden area. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. forming the outer boundary of the service path. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. With the plan established. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. Two drawings were required to work out problems. There was no . the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. something is amiss. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. In addition. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. If all is well. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. as in this case.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. admittedly. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. However. the site required some leveling. A structural edging was in order. However. In the earlier stage of planning. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. the eight-foot length was more practical. eight. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. In this case. however. Before edgings could be put in place. not one completed in a weekend. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. and the finished edging would be effective. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. this was. a lapped joint was fashioned. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. . At corners. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. In this area.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

could serve this purpose. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. but there are exits to different levels. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Paving for the terraced area is brick. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. Weeds. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. sand. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. This method of treatment now guarantees . The pattern is running bond. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. leaves. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. Heavy black plastic. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Unfortunately. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Aged compost. for they will likely have more traffic. filling the beds with soil was next. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. One is the ramp to the driveway. The latter need to be more substantially paved. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. selected for its simplicity. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. had been proof of that.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. this same base underlies all the paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. A choice of five colors was available.

Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. even bed for the pavers. on a trial run of one course of brick.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. However. worth the added cost. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.

No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. Herbs have flourished in the beds. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. converging where it was logical to do so. since that path borders the house. and the steps to other levels. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. French drains. In this instance. for it would interfere with the drainage system. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. With the completion of the paths. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. .< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. learned about decades earlier. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. Sometimes called "rubble drains. the terraced area. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed." their construction can be somewhat varied.

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< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. hundredths of an inch. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. often a wall or trellis. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. and so on. sixteenths of an inch. having a variety of gradations. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. casts the shadow for the hour. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. is symmetrical. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. a garden plan. and so on. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. in tenths of an inch. for example. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Its arrow points north and. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. albula. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. twelfths of an inch. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. E EllipseAn oval. in inches. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . for example. not necessarily referable to botanical species.

brick) in the same course. a patterned garden. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. turf. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. Pea gravelSmall. loose. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances.3). its compartments filled with flowers. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. a flat. or colored earths. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. roofed structure usually open on the sides. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone.3. ForthrightA straight course or path. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. also called rubble drain. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. G GazeboA freestanding. rounded fragments of rock. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. M ManufactoryA factory. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. GrindstoneMillstone. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. heated especially by fermenting manure. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Usually a few inches thick.

a < previous page page_131 next page > . an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters.

R Rose. often planted with aromatic herbs. Turf seatBanked-up earth. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. ranking between species and variety. TreillageLatticework for vines. snug fit for walks. called also a hose cock. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Stone. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. V VarietyA category below species. or steps. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. not treelike or with a single trunk. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. < previous page page_132 next page > . dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. W Wall. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. walls. cutting. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.

Earle. New York: E. Robert Lee. Terrace. Independence. Jot. 1944. Crowe.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Frances A. Sylvia. Gertrude B. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Room Outside. Sevenoaks. 1961. 1933. Aurora. The Herb Garden. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1911. Herbs and the Earth. Flannery. 1979. Sydney: B. New York: G. Rosemary F. 1935. Beston.. Batsford. 1962. Garden City: Doubleday. New York: Hawthorne Books. The Small Garden. Peter. Bardswell. Bailey. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Julia S. Cross. Carpenter. London: Marshall Cavendish. New York.. Darrah. New York: Viking Press. L. London. 1902. Green Enchantment. Foster. 1982. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. The Cultivated Basils. London: Macmillan. 1966. Helen Morgenthau. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Coats. 1963. Hanging Plants for Home. New York: Macmillan. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Bailey Hortorium. 1971. Edlin. Garden Design. 1972. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1980. Foley. Seal. Foster. 1970. New York: Macmillan. Herbals. Henry. Book of the Geranium. 1977. John. H. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1972. Helen H. Charlotte. 1980. Putnam's Sons. Kent: The Herb Farm. 1957. P. Mo. S. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Greenwood. Staff of. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Rosetta E. New York: Crown Publishers. . Complements. Herbsfor Every Garden. Gertrude B.C. Dutton & Co. T. Liberty Hyde. 1966. 1938. John E. Toronto. New York: Simon and Schuster.: Geo. Hortus Third. Clarkson. Park's Success with Herbs. Daniel J. Agnes. Berrall. Doran & Co. L.: Buckeye Printing Co. Alice Morse. Fox. and Accessories.. Prof. New York: Macmillan. Baumgardt. New York: Macmillan. Park Seed Co. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Harriet Ballard. London: Saturn Press. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. London: Country Life. Brownlow. Margaret E. New York: Dover. P. and Louden. New York: Viking Press. H. Erichsen-Brown. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book.. Behme. 1958. 1951.. 14701670. Roses. John Philip. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1976. 1973. W. Brookes. 1951. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. and Garden. . . ed. 1971. British Plants. How Plants Get Their Names. 1942.

Herbs.. 1974. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Elizabeth. Books. Mary U. Lerner. . Leighton.: Chronica Botanica Co. Ireys. 1970.. N. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. 1976. M. < previous page page_133 next page > . Lawrence. Roses of the World in Color. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Loewenfeld. Kiaer. 1970. Rosengarten. and Rice. Division Billboard Publications. Bernard Hickey. Frederic. Landscaping with Vines. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Roy. Krauss.: Livingston Pub. Myron.) Rohde. Claire. George H. Claire. The Art of Dyeing. Lawrence. 1961. Alice Recknagel.. Grieve. Miller.. Sarah. New York: Dover. 1971.. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Hendrickson. Shaker Herbs. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Loewenfeld.Garland. New York: Crown Publishers.. 1972. Flowers of the Field. and Brunello. Pozza. New York: William Morrow and Co. Alma. A Biblical Garden. Waltham. Vegetable Dyeing. 1981. 1978. Toronto: Little. 1959. and Chiltoskey. The Herb Garden. Moldenke. Dorothy Bovee.C. 1969. and Alma L. Lathrop. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Franco. 1969. Horace. 1973. Brown & Co. New York: Macmillan. Boston. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. New York: Dover. 1952. London: Faber and Faber. Norma Jean. Edited by Clarence Elliott. New York: Macmillan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Frances. Hay. Modern Herbal. Johnson. Boston. Mass. and Back. Loyal R. 1946. New York: William Morrow & Co. London: George Routledge & Sons.. 1982. New York: De La Mare. Robert. Mrs. How to Select. Potter. P. Simmons. 1971. Howard. Helen K. 1981. Philippa. C. Grow and Enjoy.. Muenscher. and Synge. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Carol. Adelma G. Eigel. A Garden of Herbs. New York: Clarkson N. Lesch. 1938. New York: Viking Press. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1983. New York: Van Nostrand. How to Landscape Your Grounds. New York: E. Tucson: H.. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. J. New York: Macmillan. Ann. Dutton & Co. Cherokee Plants. The Book of Spices. The Concise Handbook of Roses. (1st American edition trans. Jones. 2d ed.. Jr. 1966. Wynnewood. Walter. M. New York: Doubleday. Amy Bess. Early American Gardens. Johns.. Patrick M. 1951. 1979. Gardens in Winter. Sylva. Rev. Paul B. Neri. Hamel. McFarland. 1975. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1911. 1964. The Berry Book. Harold N. A. 1976. ed. Pa. Co.. P. Vicenza. 1974. chemist. Plants of the Bible. New York: Harper & Bros.: Herald Publishing Co. Eleanour Sinclair. 1975. Italy.

. The Fragrant Year. L. Maxton Davies. Bradner. A. Taloumis. Mrs. Jr. Associate.A. 1979.. Martin's. Malcolm. Winthrop G. Mrs. Vivian. Bleecker. Zohary. Frank M. Price.. Mrs. C. Taylor.. Hines. .A. New York: Simon & Schuster. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Paxton. Giroux. and Robert B. A. H. Cozart. Helen Noyes. Mrs. Stuart. L. Barbara Capen. William C. Mrs. A. L. Robert K. Lucile Teeter Kissack. James D. Boston: Ralph T. London: Phoenix House. Alfred L.A. Sandy Hicks..A. Susan W. Martin's Press. John. New York: Doubleday. Diane C. Mrs.A.L. Marshall.A. Mrs. Mrs.: Garden Way. Stearn. Philip Batchelder. and Mrs. 1953. Weber. Robert G. 1967. Esther.L. Toronto: Van Nostrand..A. Pees. Martin. Berkeley Brandt. Christopher. Melissa R. Mrs. 1976. Norman. New York: Dover. Mrs. Hale & Co. William Y Dear. New York: McGraw-Hill. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Bynam. New York: St. Mrs. Graham.A. Mrs. 1953. L. London: Phoenix House.. Indianapolis. ed. Webster.. 1979. Botanical Latin. Thacker. Mrs.A. Thomas. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. . 1982. Climbing Roses Old and New. Container Gardening Outdoors.A. Bush. Benjamin McF. Bates. 1961. Gannaway.A. Mrs. Building Stone Walls. Martha Dahlen. Ingersoll. . L. New York. Helen Van Pelt. Herbs in the Garden. Tarantino. Elisabeth W. L. ed. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.. Singleton. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. T. William T. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. William W. Henry Gund. Sherry D. 1965. White. Jr.. Marion E. Donald Paxton. New York: Hafner. Mrs.The Old Shrub Roses... A. The Fragrant Garden. New York: Farrar. Plimpton.D.A. New ed. L. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.A. L. Charles Patch. Wilder. Mrs. Meyer. Mrs. George T. Smith.A..< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Michael.. Boerner. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Campbell. W. 1962. Morss. Linda. L. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Landscape Architecture. Moffit... Griffin.. John Ormsbee. William T. Keebler.R. L. Louise Beebe. Z. 1931. Stearn. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.. James C. Graham Stuart. 1979. Rev. Jr. Mrs. and Bell. Revised by Dr. Katherine S. Austin R. Hammond Crawford. John Poinier.L. Mrs. Herbert G. Margaret Osborn Holt. Charles L. George. 1974. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Peter M. Wilson. 1976. Amy Bess Miller. Jack Emil Geist. . Elizabeth Lawrence. L. Leonard Dreyfuss. The History of Gardens. Leonie. 1975. New York: William Morrow & Co.. 1972. 1942. Neil Hamill Park. L. Mrs.A. F. Vera Breed. Jo Lohmolder. Mrs.A. Mrs. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Raymond V. A.S.A. 1972. Fragrance in the Garden. New York: William Farquhar Payson. New York. 1972. Rhoda Specht. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.S. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Nelva M. 1966. Virginia B. New York: St.S. 1957. Baker. Lamm. Plants of the Bible. L. Yang. New York: Simon & Schuster.. Mrs.. Straus. Charlotte. Mr. The Shakespeare Garden.. McGarry. William Radler. L. Vt. W T.A. Shrub Roses of Today.. Madalene Hill.

Ohio.A. Hancock. N.. L.H.A. Roberts. Hales Corners. Mrs..A. L.. G. Mich. Bailey..A. Christopher Rady. Mrs. Inc. Milton C. Milton Stricker. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Christopher Spencer. L. Weeks Brick House. R. Ohio. Pawtucket. Mrs. Frederick E. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Old Slater Mill Museum. The Country Doctor Museum. civic. Smith (Ann Leighton). James F. James S. Kingwood Center. N. Ark. Wisc. Shaker Community. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Lansing. Plain Dealer Photo.I. L. Wilcox. Western Reserve Herb Society. Skinner. Mich. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Jean Ruh. Eloise andJo Ray.C. N. Atlanta Historical Society.. Old Salem. Mr. Elbert Smith. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Inc.. L. John A.. Harper. Mrs. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mrs.. Mrs. Greenland.C. Faith H..Rady. Derthick. Michigan State University. Walter Rebmann. Mrs. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Whitman. Rose. Linda Yang. Eric Duke Scott. Architect. Wayne County Extension and Education Center.... Joan E. Matthew Miksch House. Nathan Sameth. and Mrs. Ann Arbor... Talbot III. Cleveland. Hancock Shaker Village. University of Michigan. Gayle. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Linda Yang. Timothy Procter Ruh. Lawrence Schetky. Booker Worthen. Joe H. Mrs.. Edmund G. Mansfield. Mrs. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Atlanta. Mass. Winston-Salem. Little Rock. The following provided historical. Semple. Helen M. Swanson. Ga. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Isadore L.

A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. A. azoricum. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Y smalliana Agrimonia. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. E. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. C. officinalis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. A. maritima L. Myrrhis odorata. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Narcissus triandrus. barbadensis A.

albula A. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. V. officinalis Populus. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. V. Solanum aculeatissimum S. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. podagraria Asparagus A. P. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. grandiflorus Melissa M. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. M. false Galium aristatum.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. F. officinalis. laevis Rhododendron . acerifolium. S. melongena var. P. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. lycopersicum. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. ludoviciana var. G. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Lamium album Viburnum.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. oleracea. chrysantha Symphytum S. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. vulgaris A. coronaria . M. deltoides Campsis radicans. alpina 'Alba' A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Mertensia virginica. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. B. P. angustifolia.

M. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. C. alpinum R. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Italian D Daffodil M. B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. angustifolia. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. coronaria. macrocarpon. B. V. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. verna. sativum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. N. ioensis Vaccinium. alpinum R. V. maculatum G. M. pseudonarcissus miniature N.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress.

A. R. triphyllum . D. acetosa. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. obtusifolius Rumex R. Ferocactus latispinus. C. rivieri. lilioasphodelus. obtusifolius R. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. H. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. A. Hosta H. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. frutescens C. lilioasphodelus H. x superbum Hemerocallis. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. T officinale Bellis. crispus.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. R. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Sansevieria.

C. Antennaria. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. damascena. C. N. S. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. arvensis. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. pungens Sambucus S. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Helichrysum.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. N. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. gymnocarpa. Lychnis coronaria. Gnaphalium. Centaurea cineraria. N. ragusina. Senecio cineraria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. azoricum Nigella.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

carica Corylus C. versicolor. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia.× germanica I. I. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. perenne . L. Osmunda. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica F. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. O. I. regalis Adiantum.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. P. A. usitatissimum L.

sphaerocephalum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lutea Allium sativum A. purpurea D. scorodoprasum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. × germanica Myosotis M. P. I. grossularioides P radens P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. lanata D. neapolitanum A. × hortorum P. Fumaria C. sativum var. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . odoratissimum P. × limoneum P. quercifolium P. tuberosum A. Pelargonium. sylvatica Digitalis D. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P.

T. denticulatum P. A. Z. A. Tragopogon. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. chamaedrys T. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. scabrum P graveolens P. graveolens P. T. crispum P. canadense T. × citrosum P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. × jatrophifolium P. tomentosum P. quercifolium P. tomentosum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. P. officinale Z. pratensis . capitatum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. glutinosum. canadense. abrotanifolium P. × nervosum P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P.

M. nervosa V. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. V.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Vitis monticola. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. torquata E. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. Oxalis deppei.

golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

G. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. C. Lythrum. L. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Sempervivum Lobelia L. triacanthos G.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. W. majalis Liriope. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Pulmonaria . Ophiopogon L.

Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. lucida . erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. A. erecta T. tenuifolia T. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. M Mace. Malva. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. grandiflora M. M. erecta T. M. alcea var. patula Calendula officinalis T.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

R. crispii M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. requienii M. × piperita var. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. major. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. citrata M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. O. aquatica var. majorana O. majorana O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. citrata. dictamnus O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . citrata M. odorata Achillea millefolium. vulgare O. vulgare O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. A. × piperita var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. Astrantia. piperita var. S. vulgare 'Aureum' O. suaveolens M. onites O. citrata M. Spiraea alba. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M.

rubra M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . communis. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. olympicum. thapsus V. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. lactiflora Morus M. V. Umbellularia californica. Myrrhis odorata. V. Azolla caroliniana. Myrtus. M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. vulgaris A. A. × gentilis M. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. alba Verbascum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria.

V. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . V. majus T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. nudum. album L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. poeticus N. P. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. L. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. tazetta Tropaeolum T. minus T.

trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. fistulosum Atriplex. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fragrans O. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fistulosum A. C. Proliferum Group A. S. Scilla verna. I. fragrans Allium. O. florentina. vulgare var. cepa. cepa A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. telephium Iris × germanica var. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. A. hortensis A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. A. Castilleja californica. cepa.

× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . lactiflora P lactiflora P. crispum var. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. P. crispum P. A. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. patens. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. A. neopolitanum Pastinaca. pulsatilla Passiflora P.

Grossum Group C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Conoides Group Capsicum. Longum Group C. C. Chenopodium. Longum Group Capsicum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. annuum. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. A. Piper C. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. annuum. paniculata P. C. annuum. annuum. C. roseus C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Longum Group cone green C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. C. retroflexus. P frutescens Catharanthus. C. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. frutescens C.

Silene laciniata. umbellata var. americana . Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Plantago P. gratianopolitanus D. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. C. P salicina P angustifolia. officinalis Dianthus D. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. taeda Chimaphila. caryophyllus D. alpinus D. C. M. × paradisiaca. Prunus japonica. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. nigra P strobus P taeda P. umbellata var. P. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius. taeda P. angustifolia var. watsonii P maritima P. plumarius D. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria.

balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. S. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. vulgare Lithospermum.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. L. carnea Phytolacca americana P. E. biennis P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. P. rhoeas P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. 0. balsamifera P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. Liriodendron tulipifera P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .

C. pepo Portulaca. sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. R. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Hesperis . Diplotaxis. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. P. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. A. C. coccineum C. pepo C. canadensis C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. rhabarbarum R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum.

chinensis 'Minima' R. R. moschata . × borboniana R. centifolia R. × borboniana R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. spinosissima R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana Kerria. laevigata R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. Rubus coronarius R. canina. × harisonii R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. damascena 'Bifera' R. damascena R. canina R. banksiae R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Rosa chinensis R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. sativa Rosa R. gallica R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp.

Salvia hierosolymitana .polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. angustissimus R. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. R. officinalis S. clevelandii S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. sclarea S. guaranitica S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. greggii S. S. setigera R. officinalis Limonium R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. rugosa R. × rehderana R. azurea subsp. Rosmarinus. caerula. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. pitcheri S. microphylla S.

P. A. guaranitica S. S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. T. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. viridis S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. hebecarpa. C. S. montana Scabiosa S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. maritimum E. leucophylla S. elegans S. leucantha S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. virens. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. halimus Crithmum maritimum. S. chamaecyparissus S. neapolitana S. Salicornia. chamaecyparissus S. marilandica Amelanchier .

A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. V. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria Cotinus.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. P. nivalis Lamium album. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. C. G. P. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria C. americana. C. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. biflorum .

acetosa. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. L. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. crassipes O. patulum. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. R. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. pyrenaicum. scutatus R. Ornithogalum arabicum. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. H. S.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. officinalis thyme-leaved V. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. O. V. japonica Sorbaria. E.

Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. O. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. T vulgare T. crispum T. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. incana M. incana M. C. perennis.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. floridus Philadelphus . Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. dracunculus var. vulgare var. vesca F. M. vesca F. O. vulgare var. chiloensis F.

Silybum marianum S. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. T. E. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. benedictus. A. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. pallasianus T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. marianum S. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. sylvestris D. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . praecox T. maritima Thymus. marianum S. phaenopyrum C. C. praecox subsp.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. 'Clear Gold' T. × citriodorus T. arcticus T. 'Argenteus' T. laevigata Eupatorium. 'Broad-leaf English' T.

lycopersicum L. P. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. L. radicans Bignonia capreolata. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Physalis peruviana L. I. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. noli-tangere. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. cerasiforme. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. P. sanctum O. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. lycopersicum var. peruviana P. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. praecox subsp.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Coreopsis Linaria. lycopersicum var. alata Lycopersicon. C. sanctum Tulipa T. pruinosa.

cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. cornuta V. canina. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. odorata V. C. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. caprea . Chimaphila.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. longifolia Chamaelaucium. odorata V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. cornuta 'Alba' V. P. caeruleum Clematis. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. C. officinalis Polemonium. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. V riviniana Viola odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis.

W. verticillata Chimaphila. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. absinthium A. I. frigida A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. V. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. ambrosioides Artemisia. caprea. Vanilla barbellata A. Corydalis sempervirens A. pontica. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. S. camphorata A. nudum Isatis I.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. gmelinii A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Stachys . Gaultheria procumbens. annua A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula.

× media 'Hicksii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. millefolium A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. simplicissima Cladrastis. lutea. X. taygetea A. ageratum A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. tomentosa Ilex cassine. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. filipendulina A. vomitoria I. I. C.

longifolia Achillea A. five-finger f. ageratum A. pedatum Agastache A. foeniculum Agave A. nose-bleed. yarrow sneezeweed. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. Indian mallow. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. blue giant hyssop. thousand-seal. theophrasti Acacia A. maidenhair fern.. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. alpinus Aconitum A. napellus Acorus A. parlor m. h. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. millefolium A. butter-print. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. breviflora A. cana A. taygetea A. h. Indian mallow China jute. calamus maidenhair fern. fourcroydes sweet flag.. maidenhair American maidenhair. fragrant g. lion's tail anise hyssop.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. monkshood helmut flower. fennel g.. calamus Adiantum A. sanguinary. monkshood flowering maple.

. sativum A. neapolitanum A. scorodoprasum A.. serpent garlic chive. ophioscorodon A. reptans Alcea A. fistulosum A. sativum var. alpina A. cive. Pulchellum A. vulgaris Allium A. sisal hemp. sisalana Agrimonia A. moly A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. Spanish o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. ciboule.. schnittlauch giant garlic . schoenoprasum A. Japanese bunching o. cocklebur. tree o. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. lily leek daffodil garlic. rosea Alchemilla A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. flavum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. christophii A.. githago Ajuga A. hemp plant agrimony. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. giganteum A. garlic rocambole. flowering o. Rosenbachianum A. ostrowskianum A.A. two-bladed o. karataviense A. senescens var. purple c.

tuberosum Aloe A. archangel. officinalis Anemone A.. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.glaucum A. caudatus Amelanchier A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. Curasao a.. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. blanda A. bugloss alkanet. bugloss windflower. sphaerocephalum A. medicinal a. garlic c. barbadensis Aloysia A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. hupehensis var. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. marschalliana A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinarum Anchusa A. Oriental garlic . chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. shadbush. shad. Barbados a. japonica A.. cerefolium chervil angelica. white m. juneberry. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. canadensis Amsonia A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. pulsatilla Anethum A. triphylla Althaea A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. officinalis Amaranthus A.

alpina 'Alba' A. European crowfoot bearberry. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. graveolens var. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > .Apium A.

dracunculus var. dracontium A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. frigida A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mealberry. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. virginicum bearberry. stewardsonii Armeria A. annua A. mountain box. europaeum A. triphyllum A. pink or white horseradish. creashak green-dragon. pontica A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. red cole sagebrush. lactiflora A. wormwood southernwood. sea pink thrift. gmelinii A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. asarabacca wild ginger. bear's grape. sandberry. albula A. rusticana Artemisia A. maritima Armoracia A. Ludoviciana var. camphorata A. mugwort. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. old man southernwood absinthe. hog cranberry. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. canadense A. kinnikinick. arborescens A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. sativa A. triphyllum subsp.

jaundice berry. saltbush orach. China grass borage borage. c. cool-tankard cole. wild indigo. hortensis B Baptista B. rattleweed winter cress. c. yellow r. papyrifera Boehmeria B. major Atriplex A. Chinese silk plant. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie.Asclepias A. c. silkweed. vulgaris. pleurisy root. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. orach sea orach. butterfly flower butterfly weed. nivea Borago B. perennis Berberis B. mustard . australis B. ruby s. tinctoria Barbarea B. c. wild indigo blue false indigo.. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. vulgaris Beta milkweed. piprage beet swiss chard. vulgaris Bellis B. upland cress winter cress. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. officinalis Astrantia A. i. garden o. s. wild blue i. plains f. tuberroot. rocket. halimus A. tuberosa Asparagus A.. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. B. mountain spinach false indigo. s. ruby s. talewort.

sempervirens B. grandiflora Calendula C. microphylla var. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. white-flowered k.. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C.. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. microphylla 'Nana' B. carpatica C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . pineapple s. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. strawberry s. floridus Campanula C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. officinalis Calycanthus C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice.B. koreana B. eruca B.

p. chili p. p. p. p. s. cow-itch. p.C. sweet pepper. p. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. green p. green p. o. rapunculus Campsis C. trumpet flower.. o. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. o. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. C.. p. s. o. bell p. p. p. p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . o. persicifolia C. trumpet honeysuckle pepper.. pimento sweet pepper s.. o. trumpet vine. p. p. s. red p.

false saffron. illinoinensis C. majus Chelone cayenne p. chili p. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. Madagascar periwinkle. Tabasco-sauce p. garden c. shellbark h. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. frutescens Carthamus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.. canariensis Cedrus C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. ovata Cassia C. marilandica Catharanthus C.. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud.. red p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C.. tinctorius Carum C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. celandine celandine turtlehead. bastard s. carvi Carya C. cristata Cercis C. senna. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. deodara Celosia C. snakehead ... Russian c. nobile Chelidonium C. capsicum p. Tabasco p.

black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. botrys Chimaphila C. leather flower. fat hen ambrosia. Chinese dwarf 1. parthenium C. wintergreen. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. feather geranium. lutea Clematis C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. pigweed Mexican tea. old-man's-beard costmary. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. bonus-henricus C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. leucanthemum C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. leather flower. virginiana balmony goosefoot. red-leaved chicory bugbane.. pyrethum. crispus C. ambrosioides C. cinerariifolium C. Meyer 1. Spanish t. virgilia virgin's bower. ladanifer Citrus C. intybus Cimicifuga C. racemosa Cistus C. wormseed. Dalmatia p. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa.C. devil's-darning- . American w. dwarf 1. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. coccineum C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree.. umbellata Chionanthus C.. wax flower. virgin's bower. Robert Brydon' C. frutescens C. glabra Chenopodium C. × superbum Cichorium C.. alecost pyrethrum. mint geranium. barbe-de-capuchin. balsamita C. rattletop black cohosh.

florida Corylus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. smoke plant. smokebush smoke tree. apiculatus Crataegus C.. arkansana C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. cneorum Coptis C. ambigua C. majalis Convolvulus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. trifolia Coreopsis C. sativum Cornus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. autumnale Comptonia C. laevigata C. thorn apple. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . orientalis Convallaria C. avellana Cotinus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. Venetian sumac. coggygria Cotoneaster C. thorn.needle Cnicus C. peregrina Consolida C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. benedictus Coix C. smokebush. quick-set. red haw hawthorn English h.

sativus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . maritimum Crocus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. citratus Cytisus C. West Indian 1. sieberi C. gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. angustifolius C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. × allwoodii D. kotschyanus C.. sempervirens Cydonia C. speciosus 'Albus' C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. scoparius C..

gas plant. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. burning bush. × imbricata Echium clove pink. carnation. sativus D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . grandiflora D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. lanata D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. sylvestris Doronicum D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. spectabilis Dictamnus D. pardalianches E Echeveria E.

Japanese medlar. japonica Eryngium E.. rugosum v. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. gum tree. ironbark. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. b. pungens Eleocharis E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . hyemale Eranthis E. viridis Epimedium E. californica Eucalyptus E. epimedium barrenwort. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. blueweed. sea eryngo California poppy C. dulcis Endymion E. S. maritimum Eschscholzia E. Australian gum. arvense E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E.E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. perfoliatum E. poppy eucalypt. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. J. torquata Euonymus E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. plum eryngo sea holly. jacinth. vulgare Elaeagnus E. sea holm.

anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry.s. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgare var. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig.s. assafoetida Ficus F. major Fragaria F. a. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . vulgare subsp. vulgare F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.Euphorbia E. finocchio. a. alpine s. ulmaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.s. imperialis Fumaria F. chiloensis F. vulgare F. sow-teat s. a. vulgaris Foeniculum F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.

gardenia.. false baby's-breath woodruff... vernalis H. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. pulegioides American pennyroyal. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. red Robin . dyer's greenweed. germanica G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. wild c. cleavers white bedstraw. sweet w. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. ground ivy. Carolina yellow j. mountain tea. mock p. nivalis Galium G. field balm. honey locust. woodroof yellow bedstraw. maculatum G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. spotted c. woodwaxen. alumroot herb Robert. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. Carolina jasmine G. Capejasmine wintergreen. robertianum Glechoma G.. Carolina jessamine Genista G. verum Gardenia G. hederacea Gleditsia G. our-lady's-b. runaway robin. virginiana Hedeoma H. tinctoria Geranium G. odoratum G. mollugo G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. triacanthos Gossypium G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. checkerberry.F. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. teaberry. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground..

< previous page page_149 next page > .

Indian hemp. corsicus H. lemon d. garland 1. sweet r. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. arborescens Helleborus H.. daylily ... cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. hibiscus kenaf. Hawaiian h.. Deccan h. × luteola Herniaria H. foetidus H. atrorubens H. niger H. mallow. orientalis Hemerocallis H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. Deckaner h. bastard jute. flavescens Helenium H. licorice plant heliotrope.. turnsole heliotrope. blacking plant plantain lily. curry plant false licorice. angustifolium H. rose m. lividus subsp. China rose. lilioasphodelus H.. giant m. petiolatum Heliotropium H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. glabra Hesperis H.. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. rose-of-China.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. cannabinus H. bimli j. matronalis Hibiscus H. Chinese hibiscus. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. bimlipatum j. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily.

H. perforatum Hyssopus H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. asiatica Hypericum H. orangeroot. white h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. . patulum 'Sungold' H. I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.-John's-wort St. navelwort gotu kola St. European h.-John's-wort St. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. lupulus Hydrangea H. rose h. crenata var. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. box-leaved h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. box-leaved h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. horned h.

spotted t. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. glabra I. J. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. tinctoria Ixia I. cristata I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. horizontalis creeping j. crested i. wilsonii Impatiens I. alba Iris I. snapweed. florentina I. vomitoria 'Nana' I.. pseudacorus Isatis I. chinensis var. woad dyer's woad. × germanica var. maculata J Jasminum J. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .I. tinctoria Inula I. capensis Indigofera I. jewelweed. 'Great Lakes' I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily.. officinale Juniperus J. yellow flag. crested dwarf i. African corn lily corn lily orris. touch-me-not jewelweed.. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. helenium Ipomoea I. water f. opaca I.

bay. angustifolia L. dentata L. white d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. sweet bay laurel. maculatum L. brandegeana shrimp plant J... dentata var. album L.. angustifolia subsp. nobilis Lavandula L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . flamingo p. indica Lamium L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L.. plume plant. n. n. carnea Brazilian-plume. plume flower. dumb nettle. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel.Justicia water willow J. king'scrown L Lactuca L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. d. paradise p.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

usitatissimum Liriope L. blue cardinal flower . latifolium Linaria Lindera L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. summer s. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. aestivum Levisticum L. leonurus Leontopodium L.. perenne L. hedge plant privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. candidum L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. sativum Leucojum L. officinale Ligustrum L. muscari Lobelia L. benzoin Linum L. lovage privet. marsh rosemary. pepperwort. statice statice toadflax spicebush. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L.

campion. europaeus Lysimachia L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . annua Lychnis L. satin flower honesty. catchfly mullein pink. lycopersicum var. grandiflora M. coronaria L. cordata Magnolia M. virginiana sweet alyssum. honesty. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h.L. stellata M.. flava L. lycopersicum var. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. vulgaris Lythrum L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. coral h. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. gypsywort. coronaria 'Alba' L. money plant. moonwort. sempervirens Lunaria L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. penny f. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. maritima L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. silver-dollar.

apple m. vulgare Matthiola M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. 'Guiding Star' M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. angustifolia M. × piperita M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.. white h. Scotch m. Virginia c. Oregon g. pineapple m... pennyroyal Corsican m. bee b. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. stock stock. lemon m. requienii M. gillyflower. × gentilis M. b. horsemint . mountain g. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. musk m. blue barberry apple. alcea var. bluebells. pulegium M. curly m. officinalis Mentha M. cowslip.. aquatica M.. Brampton stock... Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. incana Melissa M. longifolia M. menthella. American crab. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. holly g. citrata M. holly barberry. sweet b. horsemint peppermint orange mint. × piperita var. hupehensis Malva M.Mahonia M. holly mahonia. fastigiata Marrubium M.. bergamot m. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. Virginia b. incanum M. imperial stock balm lemon b.. 'Eau de Cologne' M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. lungwort bluebells.

communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . sylvatica Myrica M.M. citriodora M. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. red m. Swedish m. menthifolia M. b. swamp c. punctata Montia M. white b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. American m. odorata Myrtus M. fistulosa M.. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. textilis Myosotis M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. banana abaca. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. pink b. Oswego tea. anise. candleberry. sweet cicely. myrrh. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. b. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. b. winter purslane. Manila hemp forget-me-not. white bee balm pink b. Greek myrtle. fistulosa var.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. persica Pteridium P. pensylvanica P. heal-all. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange.. Jerusalem sage. angustifolia P. veris Prunella P.Poncirus P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. brake bracken.. elatior P. tacamahac cinquefoil. cowslip self-heal self-heal. granatum Pyrus P.. Americana P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. all-heal salad burnet. balsam p. lungwort blue 1. trifoliata Populus P. five-finger shrubby c. Jerusalem cowslip white p. domestica P. brake. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. nepalensis P. hardy orange poplar. golden hardhack. pasture b. maritima P. hackmatack. hog-pasture b. vulgaris Prunus P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . widdy shrubby c. sieboldii 'Alba' P. sand p. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. aspen.

pie plant. moss r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. stellata R Ranunculus R. sweetbrier French r. luteola Rhamnus R. typhina Ribes R. China r. eglantine. small c. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. alpinum R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. autumn damask r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R.. chinensis 'Minima' R. rose. gooseberry alpine c.Quercus Q. banksiae R. dog r. red currant. 'Cinderella' R. gallica damask r. brier r.. brier Banksia r. mountain c.. dog b. sativum Rosa R. cabbage r. × borboniana R. purshiana Rheum R. Bourbon r.. crowfoot lesser celandine. fairy r.. garden r. eglanteria R. canina R. ficaria Reseda R. pilewort mignonette weld. . York-and-Lancaster r. moss r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. pygmy r.. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. garden c.

allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. French sorrel rue . Scotch r. burnet r. climbing r. Japanese r. Cherokee r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. obtusifolius R. r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. sorrel. hirta Rumex R. dock s.'Officinalis' R. golden p. snowdwarf memorial r.. madder bramble blackberry. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock.. rugosa R. climbing r. × harisonii R. rosemary white r. chinquapin r. musk r. acetosa R. Turkestan r. 'Schneezwerg' R. × rehderana R. garden sorrel broad dock. polyantha r.. roxburghii R. prostrate rosemary. laevigata R.. wichuraiana R. tinctorum Rubus R. prairie r. angustissimus R. setigera R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. chestnut r. rosemary pine-scented r. spinosissima R. bitter d. moschata R. Harison's yellow r.

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bloodroot red puccoon. argentea S. s. garden s. leucophylla S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. clary annual clary elder. guaranitica S. elegans S. sclarea S. golden g. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. variegated garden s. viridis Sambucus S. bloodroot rue . canadensis willow. caprea Salvia S. Mexican bush s. osier goat willow. purple g. purple variegated garden s. leucantha S. microphylla S. clevelandii S. s. elderberry American e. involucrata S. caerula S. pussy willow sage. American e. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. gray sage. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. purple sage baby sage garden sage. greggii S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s.

officinalis Sassafras S. hen-and-chickens. tectorum Silybum S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. sweet s. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. St. hortensis S. neapolitana S. mourning-bride stonecrop. live-forever houseleek. sisarum Solanum S. canadensis Sansevieria S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. morganianum S. pinnata S. albidum Satureja S.. good-luck plant. jasminoides S. hemp plant snake plant. atropurpurea Sedum S. skirret potato vine eggplant. devil's tongue.Sanguisorba S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. blessed t. roof h. lucky plant. melongena var. marianum Sium S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. pincushion flower pincushions. trifasciata Santolina S. virens Saponaria S. mad apple . live-forever houseleek. milk t... telephium Sempervivum S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. Mary's t..

lutea Stokesia S. officinale Syringa S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. reticulata var. grandiflora S. patula melongene. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S.. × persica var. hedge nettle. californica Sorbaria S. americana Stachys S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. laevis Symphytum S.. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. lilac . vulgaris 'Addie V. officinale S. erecta marigold African m. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. laciniata Persian lilac S. byzantina S. big m. Aztec m. sorbifolia Sorbus S. woundwort lamb's-ears. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S.

. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. canadense T. carnosus T. vulgare var. 'Broad-leaf English' T. vulgare T. yew conical y. marum Thuja T. sweet mace French m. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. tansy tansy. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. lucida T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. dense y. signet m. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.. columnar y. officinale Taxus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. germander American g. crispum Taraxacum T. fruticans T. occidentalis Thymus T. filifolia T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. procumbent g.T. dwarf m. upright y. culinary golden lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T.. wood sage germander dwarf. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. 'Argenteus' T.. lemon t.

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caraway t. pratensis Trichostema T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. praecox T. crimson c.. odorus t. leucotrichus T. lanatum Trifolium T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. zygis Torenia T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. praecox subsp. woolly thyme creeping t. t. pallasianus T. t. wishbone flower. not culinary French t. nitidus T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t.. glabrescens T. doerfleri T. richardii subsp. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. red c. confederatej. creeping t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. lemon t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. herba-barona T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. nummularius T. serpyllum T. . 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T.

squill. mullein mullein. officinalis V. . canadensis Tulipa T. red s. angustifolium var. tall n. tarda T. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. thapsus Veronica V.. huckleberry.Tropaeolum T. tawny orange t. 'General de Wet' T. flannel plant. majus T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. dioica V Vaccinium V. water-lily t. laevifolium Valeriana V. clusiana T. speedwell. pale yellow Darwin t. serpyllifolia nasturtium. minus Tsuga T. cranberry. 'Blizzard' T. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T.. blattaria V. early. species t. nettle stinging n. olympicum V. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. kaufmanniana T. farfara U Urginea U. maritima Urtica U. bitter Indian garden n. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. blueberry. Indian cress dwarf n. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. officinalis Verbascum V. velvet p. 'Sweet Harmony' T.

× wittrockiana Vitis V. maple-leaved viburnum.Vetiveria V. zizanioides Viburnum V. nannyberry. withe-rod vetiver. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. heartsease. khus-khus. tricolor V. lesser p.. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. ladies-delight. myrtle. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. acerifolium V. arrowwood. canina V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. running m. prunifolium Vinca V. violet dog violet horned v. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. carlesii V. odorata V. sweet h. lutea 'Splendens' V. sheepberry. possum haw .. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. heartsease pansy. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle.. cassinoides V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. minor Viola V.

needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Adam's-needle. Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger. ginger.

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