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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. and I have had the pleasure of advising. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. With false starts and honest stops. carefully chosen. punching. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. pushing. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. This was not to be. responded with delight. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. and the experience provided the final section of the book. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. The turning point came when. for they had no model and no guide. Again they revised. Ginny had done some writing. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. It needs no sequel. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. build it. more of them exist to serve as examples. wheedling. whether all their labor was to no avail. Their energy and charm caught me up. seven years ago. with sparkling enthusiasm. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. successes. alterations. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. and the publisher. bereft of hope. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. Then. especially poetry. and record every detailall of the failures. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. This they did.
As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. former generic names. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. while others were prepared by landscape designers. The herb garden designs alone. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Italics are always used for botanical names. by their owners. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. without accompanying commentary. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. Some of these were created by landscape architects. English thyme. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. and educational purpose. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. degree of maintenance required. and these are capitalizedfor example. or by contributors. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. specialty. . we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. A range of essential factors is considered herein. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. rather. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Not all plants used are herbs. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. the authors. although countless common names exist. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. We. To achieve this. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Likewise. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. we completed a test garden. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. historical interest. 1969 and 1980. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information.
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and the horticulturist. We are grateful to many. Isaacson. Recognition is due Robert B. Susan Frugé. FAITH H. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. The late Raymond C. past presidents. as expediter and typist. Alexander Apanius. Weatherhead. former director of same. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. His assistant. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. and Elizabeth Bryce. Wanda Ritchie. Jo Lohmolder. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. and August Frugé. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Richard T. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. has been especially helpful over the years. and Rexford Talbert. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Keebler and the late Everest P. Derthick. and Joanna Reed. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Lee Buss. Trudi Bela. has given us valuable information. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. too. always encouraging us to stay with our project.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Nell Neff. Finally. former managing editors. A lecturer on herbs. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.D. M. Rady. She has served. Alice Skelsey. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Swanson and Robert B. president. Special thanks are due James C. Genevieve Jyurovat.. Betty Rea. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. have also been of assistance. Herbert J. which made possible the completion of our text. Eleanor Gambee. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. librarian.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
lay out a plan of the property. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. new plants. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. As Henry Beston reflects. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. some of which are evergreen. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. or an abandoned. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. "Not difficult to plan. As one constantly reinforces the other. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. In order to create a fine garden design. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. If no . its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. to increase the value of the property. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. and hedges will have been located. new ways of seeing. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. Perennial herbs. partially excavated area. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. and decisions must not be left to chance. and structures. temples of worship. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. a front dooryard. fences. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression." A good design does not "happen. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Its interest is independent of flowers. not at all difficult to maintain. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. the north point will have been indicated. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions.
measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > . which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. Here. fences.
the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Next. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. measure to locate the house. A deed description. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. but with all needed information. Other areas may require a smaller scale. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. such as the one illustrated here. to locate the house. The object is to . and the driveway. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. too. will give the lot or acreage measurements. In the absence of a survey map. other significant structures. measurements are in engineer's scale.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. In this example. too. Here. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. To determine the distance between the house and lot line.
T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. and parallel lines. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. The smaller the scale. triangleof inexpensive plastic. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. paths. < previous page page_3 next page > . plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. driveway. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. and unusual land features noted.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. shrubs. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. enclosures. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. The tools needed for drawing are few. lines at an angle.
drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. yew. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. brick. or summer kitchen is ideal. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. bayberry. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. old smokehouse. greenhouse. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. However. In the absence of a structure. In the designs that follow. A toolhouse. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. gazebo. In some cases. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. Upkeep. and holly.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. and stone. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. One basic rule is the higher the wall. With the plan on paper. must be included in assessing maintenance demands." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. iron. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. garage. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. and hedges of hemlock.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
Stained. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. When this reinforcement is understated. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. landscape timbers. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. or pressure-treated lumber. Rosemary. and their styles are countless. it will seem too sparsely planted. such as bayberry. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. railroad ties. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. annual painting is a necessity. if wood is the material of choice. cut stones. painted. Generally. Styles are legion. In some climates. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. for reinforcing the design. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. as an example. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Where air circulation is much needed. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. gray surfaces are found. At first. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Whatever the reason. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Gates are part of the enclosure. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Stone. some deciduous and some evergreen. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. elegant box. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. too. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. but the results will confirm this course. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. If used. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Equally important is proportion. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. For example. and rosemary. or. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. a temporary garden that may be changed later.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. holly. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. so give them much thought. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. If desired. Allow adequate room within the row. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Lower cost is an advantage. box. however. as in outdoor room dividers. used for dry wall or masonry construction. they can be made to order. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. bricks. or natural. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. Brick is the all-time favorite material. yew. the garden design is most attractive. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. . When used with a hedge. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. for example. whether it will be rocks. deeply evergreen.
there is a necessary. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. Conversely. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . awkward and unsafe. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser.Steps When constructing steps.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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It is a general rule that the less the riser. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. because they are just that. A width of four feet allows room for turning. cost. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. If groups are walking through. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Choose the path material equally for comfort. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. rosy pink. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. their use no less than comfortable. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. and maintenance. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. appearance. however. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. but should be compatible with. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. for example. the greater the tread. There are. Paths must be ample. too. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. . The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Step materials need not be the same as. making the design more evident. The colors are various: terracotta. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. or red. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Access paths.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .
Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. shrubs. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. With these recommendations in mind. a soft-lead pencil in hand. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. If the garden is made up of separate beds. too. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. shad Malus coronaria. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. When they mature. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan.) To avoid having a slippery surface. a result being hazardous footing. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. They are easily renewed as they break down. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. or trees to be considered. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. prepare a planting plan for each. they should not shade the herbs too much. is an enjoyable experience. This. serviceberry. bark or pine needles can be used. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . and many good references are available.
noting well their growth habits. whether they are invasive or tall growing. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. however. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. lemon thyme. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Sept. or whatever is best in your case. a focal point is customarily used. it is easily read and easily erased. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. It needs. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. for example. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. one-half inch equals one foot. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. such as the one illustrated here. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Do use a soft-lead pencil. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Often this center of interest is a sundial. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. too. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. 'Mount Hood daff. Artifacts As with other gardens. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. for example. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff.
It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. If a statue less than life-size is used. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. the height of a fence to the house. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. < previous page page_9 next page > . and a good sense of proportion is achieved. It is then in scale with its frame. Again. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. a niche of its own should be created. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. the designs have a decorative north point. that of good proportion. Except for two. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. However. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. For easy reference. a stylized drawing of an ovary. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . with one basic rule always needing to be observed. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. A. rose 24. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. summer 23. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. Landscape Architect. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.A. salad burnet 12. arcticus 27.L.Galium odoratum. dill cerasiforme. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 26. The rules of symmetry are observed. 3.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 15. 22. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Viola tricolor.Pelargonium graveolens. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage 17. 14.Lobularia maritima. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula savory angustifolia. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Thymus praecox subsp. bee balm 13.Satureja montana. lemon balm . sweet 25. a fence. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 7.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Satureja hortensis.S. Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 2.Allium 11.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. With color and texture considered for contrast. 16. Lavenders accent the front corners. 4. or other structure. 1. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Origanum majorana. which is used here in relation to a garage. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa.Ocimum basilicum. 5.Melissa officinalis. 6. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. 21. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.
Greek 28. curly parsley 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive 18. Pelargonium × limoneum.Porrum Group. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Petroselinum crispum var. Chrysanthemum balsamita. 19.Origanum heracleoticum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. dwarf garden 20. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . costmary 'Albus'. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. leek 9.Salvia officinalis.8.
11.Pelargonium graveolens. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. French tarragon 2. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. summer 10. 9. 17.Pelargonium tomentosum. as was done here.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. perhaps overgrown with weeds. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Rosmarinus officinalis. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Satureja hortensis. 18. curly parsley sativa. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Artemisia dracunculus var. . and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. bush basil 3.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. 13.Poterium sanguisorba. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. 1. rose 19. 12. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. fennel English lavender geranium 4. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. white 20. lemon verbena 21.Aloysia triphylla.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. Petroselinum crispum var.Monarda didyma.
salad burnet 6.Rosa eglanteria.Heliotropium arborescens. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English thyme dill 8.Origanum majorana. English'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. eglantine 23.Galium odoratum. 16.
The garden is conveniently located. however. summer savory 11. English thyme Greek oregano 4. The number in each planting area is the key number.S.A. 13. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Origanum majorana. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chionanthus virginicus. Japanese yew 17. sativa.Salvia officinalis. dill 2. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.Thymus × citriodorus.Taxus cuspidata. Origanum heracleoticum. garden sage 8. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. and the plan could be used at a front door.Petroselinum crispum. . lemon thyme 10.L. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Satureja hortensis. sweet marjoram 3.Poterium sanguisorba. lovage 15. 7. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Levisticum officinale. Even in limited space. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Artemisia dracunculus var. parsley 5. spearmint 16. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. 9. salad burnet 14. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Mentha spicata. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. Then the design might need to be expanded.Allium schoenoprasum. A. still observing a scale. however.
sweet basil chive 12.6.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.
1. Landscape Architect. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. bee balm 14. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. fraxinella 15. yellow 29. 13.Artemisia dracunculus var. blue lungwort 26. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Origanum majorana. Christmas fern 5. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Polystichum acrostichoides. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.Primula vulgaris. sweet violet 16.Pulmonaria officinalis.Asarum canadense. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 31.Humulus lupulus. leek Foeniculum vulgare. salad 20. cinnamon fern 4.Osmunda cinnamomea. The long. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 7.S. 33. Dictamnus albus. the challenge is obvious. 8. summer 21. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. garden sage 17. 9. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. Jacob's-ladder 3. Monarda didyma.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. 6.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Polemonium reptans.Convallaria majalis. A. lavender marjoram 2. 18.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 30.A. wild ginger 27. 25.Thymus × citriodorus. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. lemon thyme 28. fennel 19.L. 32. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. hop sativa. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Allium ampeloprasum.Stachys byzantina. Viola odorata. The number in each planting area is the key number. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Digitalis grandiflora. This is an intimate garden.
French'. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . yellow bedstraw 23.Sorbus americana. sweet 34. winter savory 24.Galium verum.Korean box 11. French thyme woodruff koreana.savory germander Willmott'.Galium odoratum. crispum.Petroselinum crispum var.Buxus microphylla var.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. Canada hemlock Standard'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Satureja montana.Tsuga canadensis.lilac 10. 35.
this design can be an inspiration.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. geometric design. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.Aloysia triphylla. neapolitanum.Petroselinum crispum var." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Salvia officinalis. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Surprisingly. 1. 19. garden sage 20. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window.Origanum heracleoticum. devoted to a "yearly surprise.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. It is a pleasing. To be placed near the kitchen. lemon verbena 2. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. One of the beds. dill 10. Even so.Rumex scutatus. it became part of the patio. Italian parsley . and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind.
Allium schoenoprasum. crispum.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. sweet 18.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. curly parsley 22.Allium tuberosum. chervil marjoram 21. basil sativa.Melissa officinalis. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet 14. 16.Myrrhis odorata.Petroselinum crispum var.17.Satureja montana. garlic chive 26. summer savory 23. chive 25. lemon basil 9. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. French tarragon 5.Anthriscus cerefolium. purple basil 4.Poterium sanguisorba.Borago officinalis. English thyme bush basil 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum 12.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum. borage 'Purpurascens'.Artemisia dracunculus var. Alpine strawberry 7. sweet 13. salad 15. lemon balm cicely 6.3.Origanum majorana. winter savory 24.
Thymus × citriodorus. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Pelargonium in variety. green santolina 12. purple basil 4.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. 1. 19. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. it is an unusual. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. gray . the work paths could be eliminated.Hyssopus officinalis. The center beds here were established in this way.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.C.Stachys byzantina. scented-leaf geranium 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. too. English lavender 10. lamb's-ears 20. geometric design. Created in an orderly way.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. As a whole. English thyme lemon thyme 11. sweet cicely 23.Lavandula angustifolia. winter 21.Myrrhis odorata. blue 22. D. sweet 13.Satureja montana.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Galium odoratum. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. 14. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. To increase the planting area.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. it is full of interesting angles. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. so.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. rosemary 3.Santolina virens. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.
silver mound artemisia 18. horehound24. American southernwood holly 17.6. classic myrtle 9. French thyme santolina 15.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. germander 16. clove pink 7.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Ilex opaca. camphor-scented wormwood 8. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . 25.Salvia officinalis.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia camphorata.Artemisia abrotanum.Dianthus caryophyllus.Teucrium chamaedrys.Myrtus communis.
Lavandula angustifolia. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Calendula officinalis. yarrow 12.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Achillea millefolium. absinthe 26. this herb garden is secluded.Borago officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. 1. which adds its impression of warmth. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. winter savory 16.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil 4. gray santolina 13. Sometimes space is limited. tansy 25. Ocimum basilicum. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Tanacetum vulgare.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Coix lacryma-jobi. lemon balm 22. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. purple basil 3.Satureja montana. English lavender 6. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. French tarragon 14. too.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue hyssop 2. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. pot marigold 24. Job's tears 11. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 21. sweet woodruff 5. Its arrow points north and. sativa.Chamaemelum . This center of interest is of particular note. borage 23. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. casts the shadow for the hour. rosemary 15.Artemisia absinthium. Galium odoratum. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.
sweet 29.Carya illinoinensis. Salvia officinalis. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . comfrey20.Syringa.Origanum vulgare. chive 18.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. garden sage 19.Symphytum officinale. scented-leaf 27. Salvia elegans.Pelargonium in variety. white creeping thyme nobile. chamomile 17. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. pineapplescented sage 9.Origanum majorana. wild marjoram 28. variegated garden sage 8. marjoram pecan 10. costmary 'Albus'.7.Chrysanthemum balsamita.
Pelargonium graveolens.Galium odoratum. purple basil Zingiber officinale. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Ipomoea alba. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. rose geranium 2. 29. sativa. sweet cicely 37.Salvia officinalis.Ruta graveolens. summer 32.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. true ginger16. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. for example lemon balm and spearmint. parsley 17. French sorrel 21.Origanum majorana. lemon balm 35. 7.Pelargonium × limoneum. sweet 34. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. blue 23. 6. The more invasive ones.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Satureja hortensis.Marrubium vulgare. chervil 15. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Apium graveolens. sunken into the ground. 8.Teucrium chamaedrys. lovage 22. 18. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. rue 31. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. Anthriscus cerefolium.Myrrhis odorata. garlic Levisticum officinale. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 5. 36.Melissa officinalis. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. 9.Allium sativum.Allium schoenoprasum. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 3. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. 30. When controlled in this way. hyssop Meyer lemon . The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. horehound 33. 4. 19.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 20. 1. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.
Origanum heracleoticum.Poterium sanguisorba. spearmint 27.Magnolia virginiana.Mentha spicata.Tropaeolum minus.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. salad burnet 25. Greek oregano 12. lemonthyme 28. bush basil 14.10.Ocimum basilicum.Aloysia triphylla. sweet basil 38.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. lemon verbena 11. Japanese yew 39. English thyme 26.Thymus × citriodorus. dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. French thyme 24.
Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. simplify!. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. but.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. whatever the reason." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. a quick way to ensure good drainage. however. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. < previous page page_22 next page > . "Simplify.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Lactuca sativa. sweet 25.Mentha spicata. arcticus.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum majorana. 18.Hedeoma pulegioides. 26. peppermint 23.The number in each planting area is the key number. spearmint 21. balm sativa. garden sage 3.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Allium fistulosum. tansy 11. lemon 22.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon 5. 1.Tanacetum vulgare.Ruta graveolens.Petroselinum crispum.Melissa officinalis.Monarda didyma.Ocimum basilicum. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. parsley 2.Artemisia absinthium.Lindera benzoin. dill 13.Galium odoratum.Impatiens capensis. 14. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. sweet 15. sweet 17. bell pepper 6. bee balm 19. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum. 16. jewelweed24.Satureja hortensis. 12. aloe Grossum Group. summer basil savory 7. spicebush absinthe French'.Mentha x piperita.Capsicum frutescens.Rosmarinus officinalis.Aloe barbadensis. rue 20.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. lettuce 10. tomato American pennyroyal 4.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
. Russian 13. horizontally laid bluestone.Pelargonium in variety. 1. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. Perovskia abrotanoides. too. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. A low wall of brick.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. French thyme 2. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. encloses this plan. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. arcticus 14. Thymus praecox subsp. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. faced and capped with random. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. 8. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. germander 7.
Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. crimson creeping thyme 9. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Hamamelis virginiana. blue 11. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Galium odoratum. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .-John'swort 17. trumpet vine 16.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. white creeping thyme 5.Santolina neapolitana 4.angustifolia. Thymus × citriodorus. lady's6. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Melissa officinalis. witch hazel 18.Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon balm hyssop 12. lavender 3. lemon thyme 10. St.Viburnum cassinoides.Hyssopus officinalis.Campsis radicans.
with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. the shrubsyew. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. However. lilac. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. < previous page page_28 next page > . box. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. Germander is a proper edging here. holly. It is. however. Although this is not a large garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . sweet cicely17. dwarf box 41.Eloise & Jo Ray.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Thymus praecox subsp. classic myrtle 15.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. Heliotropium arborescens.Anemone pulsatilla.Hyssopus officinalis. germander 36.Salvia leucophylla. Alchemilla vulgaris.Myrtus communis. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. winter 29.Iris cristata. clary 30. 32. fringed wormwood 16.Chamaemelum nobile.Santolina pinnata 34. Japanese holly 47. white hyssop 4.Dictamnus albus. arcticus 'Albus'. red creeping thyme 10.Satureja montana. 21.Santolina virens. cottage pink 2. Mentha requienii. dwarf privet 48.20. 9. florentina.Ruta graveolens. Japanese holly 42. white creeping thyme 37. lamb'sears 35.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. santolina alpine pink 28.Teucrium chamaedrys. orris 38. green 27.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Comptonia peregrina.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Corsican 24.Salvia sclarea.Iris × germanica var. sweet albula. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Cytisus supinus. Myrrhis odorata. Japanese yew 44. sweet violet 19.Artemisia frigida. Viola odorata.Artemisia camphorata. crimson creeping thyme 31.Syringa patula. fraxinella 33. mantle chamomile 5. 1. gray sage savory 14.Thymus praecox subsp. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia ludoviciana var. shrubby cinquefoil 46. mint silver mound artemisia 25. dwarf crested iris 39.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Borago officinalis. 18.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. lady's. blue horehound hyssop 3. woolly thyme 7. 26. lavender 22. alpine strawberry 8. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. columnal yew 43. Simkins'. prostrate rosemary 13. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. broom 40. Thymus praecox subsp. 12.Stachys byzantina.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. lilac 45.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. Marrubium vulgare.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. rue 6. 23.
and one has an inset for a garden seat. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. an herb garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. This hedge. as is true here in the vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. while adding to the enclosure of the area. a running bond pattern. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. < previous page page_30 next page > . and a vegetable garden. Other paths are brick. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. The direction a path takes can add interest. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The varied shapes of the beds add interest.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. the center of interest for the herb garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. a cutting garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge.
A.L. . Landscape Architect.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. A.
Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. clary 46.Satureja hortensis. Rosmarinus officinalis. Campanula persicifolia. lamb's-ears 49.Lilium candidum.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Satureja montana.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.The number in each planting area is the key number. statice Solemacher'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Teucrium chamaedrys. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. French thyme 7. yellow epimedium 15. sweet 51. 37.Artemisia dracunculus var. lavender 18. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. 55. 47. alpine strawberry 3. Achillea taygetea. York-andLancaster rose 16. 50.Origanum majorana. 32. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. fraxinella 26. purple basil Japanese holly 17. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Allium christophii. summer 34.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. 53.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 52. dill wishbone flower 5.Hyssopus officinalis.Magnolia virginiana.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. blue iris 9. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Ribes alpinum.Helleborus niger. Christmas 48.Limonium latifolium. Stokes' aster 31. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Polystichum acrostichoides.Santolina virens.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. garden sage 56. lemon 29.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 44. yellow 24. bush basil 41.Chrysanthemum × superbum. helenium 4. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. germander 39.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Ocimum basilicum 54.Allium schoenoprasum.Stokesia laevis. Anethum graveolens 23.Galium odoratum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Salvia sclarea. lemon thyme 40. sativa.Stachys byzantina.Hemerocallis × luteola. starsMaxima'. white 'Bouquet'. Louise'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. plantain lily 2.Pelargonium in variety.Origanum heracleoticum. French tarragon 8. cottage pink French'. yellow 35. blue 27. double white peony of-Persia 12. candytuft Standard'. sweet marjoram 45.Digitalis grandiflora. 1.Petroselinum crispum var. blue hyssop 43.Aloysia triphylla. columbine dwarf marigold 6. pale 28.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 22.Thymus × citriodorus. 14.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. Aquilegia chrysantha. verbena rose chive 11. green santolina 42. Dictamnus albus.
It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. < previous page page_32 next page > . The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. as in this case. While serving as a soil retainer. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. a retaining wall or walls are needed. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area.
Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.A. lemon verbena 46. crispum. bee balm 24.Iris cristata. The number in each planting area is the key number. English 44. Ocimum basilicum. 1.Thymus × citriodorus. 42. spearmint 41. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Borago officinalis.45.Allium schoenoprasum. Stachys byzantina.Viola odorata. F. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. Melissa officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.Iris pseudacorus.R. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. lemon 22. sweet 23.Tanacetum vulgare var.Lavandula angustifolia. 21.Galium odoratum. lady's43. lamb's25.Solanum pseudocapsicum. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. Landscape Architect. . silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Mentha spicata. Monarda didyma.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Alchemilla vulgaris.A. borage 26.
salad burnet 10. rosemary 9. summer 32.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. flowering dogwood 15. wild 39. garden sage 36. clove 55.7.Allium ampeloprasum.Marrubium vulgare.Crataegus arkansana. mullein chive 47. Egyptian onion 11.Ruta graveolens. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Allium tuberosum. Rosmarinus officinalis. fennel 35. pineapple38.Cornus florida.Petroselinum crispum var. post crispum 'Banquet'. citrata. French tarragon holly 13.Cassia marilandica.Rosa × rehderana.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum majorana. 56. savory sativa. southernwood 31. Porrum Group.Foeniculum vulgare. 57. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Elaeagnus pungens.Salvia elegans.Petroselinum crispum var. tabasco senna pepper 20.Allium sativum. 40. Proliferum Group.Mentha pulegium.Capsicum frutescens. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. polyantha rose 12.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia absinthium. Ajuga reptans. garlic chive 48.Quercus stellata. pink hawthorn 16. absinthe English thyme 27. dill 34.Nepeta cataria. catnip 50. pennyroyal 54. myrtle 58.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha × piperita var. 52. carpet bugleweed 8.Satureja hortensis. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. leek 49. 37. rue 51.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. curly mint 30.Artemisia abrotanum. 33. sweet marjoram 28. Greek 53. curly parsley oak 17.Salvia officinalis.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Vinca minor.Dianthus caryophyllus.Origanum heracleoticum. horehound neapolitanum. orange mint 29.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium cepa. Poterium sanguisorba.
which are a good way to supply controlled shade. Although this is a northeast exposure. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. but it is more than adequate for potpourri.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. sleep pillows. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. mothproofing bags. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. However. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. and vinegars. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. < previous page page_34 next page > .
Landscape Architect . Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.
American rosemary arborvitae 34. 23. lily leek 44.Melissa officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. salad 22.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. dwarf nasturtium 37. pot 28.Pelargonium × limoneum. 'Monge'. lilac 32.Pelargonium graveolens. rue 26.Ocimum basilicum 27.The number in each planting area is the key number. Artemisia pontica. bay 48.Levisticum officinale.Allium cepa. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. garden sage 2.Rumex scutatus. dwarf savory garden sage 13. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Galium odoratum.Iris × germanica var. lemon verbena 36. Proliferum Group.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. Ruta graveolens.Satureja montana. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. French tarragon 10.Allium moly. chive 43. southernwood 9.Rosmarinus officinalis. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Pelargonium tomentosum. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Valeriana officinalis.Monarda didyma. purple basil sage 11.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Hemerocallis.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 18.Tropaeolum minus.Mentha spicata. lettuce in variety 25.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativum var. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . lemon 31. lavender 7.Thuja occidentalis. bee balm 30. 49. 19. winter 29. balm valerian 15. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Hyssopus officinalis .Artemisia dracunculus var. daylily in variety 41.Laurus nobilis. sativa. costmary 5. Thymus × citriodorus. tansy 16.Aloysia triphylla. florentina. nutmeg geranium 39.Calendula officinalis. crispum.Pelargonium fragrans. burnet lovage 6. English finger-bowl geranium 38. Poterium sanguisorba.Allium pulchellum 47. peppermint geranium 40.Alchemilla vulgaris.Tanacetum vulgare.Salvia oficinalis. blue hyssop 35. Egyptian onion 42. Roman 20. garden 'Purpurascens'. 21. anise hyssop 14. 24. Hallock'.Allium sphaerocephalum. round-headed garlic 46.Allium schoenoprasum.Agastache foeniculum. 1. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Salvia elegans.Tsuga canadensis. Lactuca. 50. 'President Poincare'. orris 17. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3.
The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. A simple knot. < previous page page_36 next page > . The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. is the focus of the middle level. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Invasive.
Satureja hortensis. foxglove 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. pineapple mint 22. Valeriana officinalis. white thrift 24.Sempervivum tectorum. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. dwarf winter savory 2.Poterium sanguisorba. thyme 3.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. valerian 5. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. pineapplescented sage 47. houseleek 45.Marrubium vulgare.Monarda didyma. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. fennel 25. Digitalis purpurea. salad burnet 23. sativa.Salvia elegans. French tarragon 44. golden thyme . bee balm 26. horehound 46. summer savory 43. 1.Foeniculum vulgare.Armeria maritima.
Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Salvia officinalis.Helleborus orientalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. Angelica archangelica. yellow 41.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. English 52.Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana. rosemary 28.Echium vulgare.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. 40.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Dictamnus albus.Galium verum. germander 56. French'.6. white 58. lavender Christmas rose 11. absinthe 53. pink 62. 54.Symphytum officinale.Lilium candidum. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. pot 35. dyer's woad 7. white creeping thyme aconite 14. sweet 37.Ruta graveolens. feverfew climbing rose 16. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum. 33.Crocus sativus.Hyssopus officinalis. 61. pink 59.Myrrhis odorata. rue 31.Chrysanthemum 36. Salvia sclarea.Eranthis hyemalis.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Artemisia absinthium. garden 42. sweet 32. Isatis tinctoria. viper's 34.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. arcticus 55. 39.Helleborus niger. Madonna cicely lily 12.Levisticum officinale.Rosa chinensis. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. fraxinella 8.Thymus praecox subsp.Calendula officinalis. annual clary 51. 38. marigold chive 15.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sweet 50.Rosa eglanteria.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. 30. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. clary 48.Foeniculum vulgare. blue hyssop 57.Laurus nobilis.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet basil sage 27. China rose comfrey 19. angelica Lenten rose 10. dwarf edging box 21.Agrimonia eupatoria. parthenium.Galium odoratum.Ocimum basilicum.Anemone pulsatilla.Salvia viridis. winter bugloss 'Albus'. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. skirret 60.Sium sisarum.
Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. even though space is limited. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Carya ovata. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. However. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. There is variety in this plan. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. < previous page page_38 next page > . Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and the shagbark hickory.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.
wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. box Buxus sempervirens. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. red mint . cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. sativa. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Artemisia absinthium. Canada Isatis tinctoria. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. dogwood Salvia sclarea. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. French Galium odoratum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. angelica Mondarda didyma. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. Poterium sanguisorba. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. Asarum canadense. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. flax Buxus sempervirens. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Marrubium vulgare. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. box Ruta graveolens. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. box Carya ovata. stewardsonii. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. green santolina Primula veris. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. chive Ilex opaca. citrata. lamb's. borage Petroselinum crispum. sweet basil Satureja montana. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. valerian Rosa damascena. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. germander Agastache foeniculum. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. Adiantum pedatum. catmint Hyssopus officinalis.Arisaema triphyllum. bee balm Melissa officinalis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. Aloysia triphylla. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. rue Cornusflorida. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium verum. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
A clump of birch here. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. unplanned look was desired. A singular statue of St. first intended for the construction of a cottage.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. However. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. is on a sandy knoll. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. a dipping pool there. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. For this appearance. too. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. < previous page page_40 next page > . Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. this excavation. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. it is open on the side facing the house. An informal.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Levisticum officinale.Ocimum basilicum. purple basil 9. 8. 72.Urginea maritima. spearmint 45.Satureja montana.Angelica archangelica. Thymus × citriodorus. French'.Mentha suaveolens. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. mint 50.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 64. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. sea onion angelica 24.Mentha × gentilis.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum vulgare. 32. pineapple3. 75.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia elegans.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Coriandrum sativum. peppermint 47. 74. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. chive crispum. Ruta graveolens. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. orris chamaecyparissus.Mentha pulegium. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Mentha spicata. 63. wild 43. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 70. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. myrtle 14.Allium favum lovage 22.Anethum graveolens. red mint 48. 59. 'Prostratus'. catnip 73. thrift55. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Origanum majorana. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 69.Tanacetum vulgare var.Glechoma hederacea.Marrubium vulgare.Ajuga reptans. garden sage lungwort 57. white birch English lavender parthenium.Teucrium canadense. marsh 42.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium denticulatum.Thymus praecox subsp. bee balm . 34.Consolida orientalis. rue 29.Nepeta cataria. lemon 35.Artemisia abrotanum.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. 68. celandine cicely 18.Viola tricolor. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Achillea tomentosa. 38. lemon balm 44.Chrysanthemum 80.Petroselinum crispum. creeping juniper 26. Johnny-jump-up54.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 78.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Pelargonium quercifolium.Stachys byzantina. 33. 52. orange geranium 11.Anthriscus cerefolium. woolly thyme 13.Digitalis grandiflora.Mentha × piperita.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. rose bergamot valerian 25. feverfew 27.Valeriana officinalis. 60. winter savory 20. pennyroyal 46. Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 30.Satureja hortensis. 77.Betula papyrifera.Digitalis purpurea. 79. pot 66. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 1.Thymus herba-barona. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Rosa 'Merry England'. 36.Convallaria majalis. gray scented sage santolina 4. wild 51.Pelargonium crispum. 65. apple mint 49.Salvia officinalis. 76. Iris × germanica var.Althaea officinalis.Monarda fistulosa.Pelargonium tomentosum. 58.Hyssopus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. Sempervivum tectorum. 53.Pulmonaria officinalis.Armeria maritima. 61. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Pelargonium graveolens.Melissa officinalis.Monarda didyma.Origanum onites. fern-leaf tansy 23. rose geranium 10.Chelidonium majus.Vinca minor. golden 37. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 31. blue 2. 12.Santolina florentina. 67.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. sweet 71.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. the same as the smokehouse construction. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. and the two small trees. < previous page page_42 next page > . Foundation stone. making it more a part of the herb garden. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Because of the edging box. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. is used for the wall. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. They are clustered around the smokehouse. the accents of the six large box. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy.
< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.L. .S. A.A.
Allium schoenoprasum. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Chrysanthemum 28. pineapple mint 18.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia frigida. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Asarum europaeum.Lilium candidum.Ocimum basilicum 32. Ocimum basilicum 24.Mentha × piperita var.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Galium odoratum. purple basil sativa. sweet marjoram 2. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Satureja montana. balm citrata. white 23. Dictamnus albus.Crataegus laevigata. European ginger 4. 40. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. fraxinella 17. English 'Minimum'. dwarf edging box 14. 41.Pulmonaria officinalis. 22. orange mint 19. spearmint 48.Buxus sempervirens. balsamita. 21.Mentha × piperita.Viola tricolor. 47.Angelica archangelica.Allium giganteum. winter 42. summer 25. 35.Aloysia triphylla. fringed 43.Crocus.Artemisia abrotanum.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. lemon 36. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. sweet 37. sweet 26. bee balm 29.Ocimum basilicum.Levisticum officinale. 39.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. 'Purpurascens'. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. lovage 46. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 30.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. box 'Citriodorum'. 1. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. crownbasil savory imperial 11. lady's.Fritillaria imperialis. Pelargonium graveolens.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Corsican 33. 44. Satureja hortensis. 31.Alchemilla vulgaris. rosemary 3.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis.38.Myrrhis odorata.Prunus domestica. verbena English thyme 5. sweet cicely45. lemon 34. 27.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. Symphytum officinale. species in variety crispum. lemon basil 15. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha requienii. Origanum majorana. blue angelica lungwort 20.
Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. the dwarf box edging.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. This hedge. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Instead. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. a soil retainer. although it is ample at four feet. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. pink of Dianthus. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. < previous page page_44 next page > . Lowgrowing. The dipping bowl. too. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. two specimen shrubs. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. This is true also of the stone curbing.
A.S. Landscape Architect. .L. A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Borago officinalis. 46.57. Spanish bluebell 16. lemon 60. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . arcticus 30. Salvia officinalis. green santolina 37.Narcissus triandrus var. Santolina chamaecyparissus. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. rue25. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. borage 31.Narcissus asturiensis. 26. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. white creeping thyme lovage 10. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clary 32. 50.Crocus tomasinianus. Compactus'.Crocus kotschyanus.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. thyme 29. 45.Galanthus nivalis. 54.Mentha spicata. Thymus praecox subsp. 49. lemon 33. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. sweet 55. Thymus doerfleri. sweet 47. lily.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 51.Anemone blanda. 17. sweet 27.Mentha × piperita var.Mertensia virginica. 56. caraway thyme albus.Tulipa clusiana.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium in variety.Leucojum aestivum.Angelica archangelica. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 40. lamb's-ears 28.Nepeta mussinii. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 52. 2. verbena snowflake 19. 'Lanuginosus'.Santolina virens. 58. Madonna 63.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. gray 22.Ocimum basilicum. white 42. angustifolia 'Nana'. Origanum majorana. American 38. angel's-tears 59.Galium odoratum.The number in each planting area is the key number. prostrate rosemary 18. spearmint 48. marjoram crocus 7.Mentha × piperita. orange mint 8.Allium christophii.Helleborus lividus subsp.Lilium candidum. arcticus 34. 61.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Digitalis grandiflora. 43.Aloysia triphylla. catmint 35.Sternbergia lutea. 36.Dicentra spectabilis. golden thyme41.Pelargonium in variety.Teucrium canadense.Levisticum officinale. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 1.Crocus angustifolius.Crocus speciosus. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. black cohosh windflower 15.Thymus × citriodorus.Myrica pensylvanica. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Salvia sclarea. 53.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Helleborus niger. winter savory 39. 44.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Cimicifuga racemosa.Convallaria majalis. tulip citrata. 20.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Satureja montana. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. Stachys byzantina.Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus herba-barona.Hamamelis virginiana.
There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. very livable and profoundly satisfying. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. The results have been most satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Second. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Morning sun warms it early.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. First. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn.
The number in each planting area is the key number.Apium graveolens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 1. . 'Lambrook Silver'. Origanum heracleoticum.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 4. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. wild celery 42.Tulipa tarda. 25.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. Porrum Group. Ocimum basilicum.Allium ampeloprasum.Artemisia lactiflora. Thymus praecox subsp. French tarragon 5.Allium neapolitanum.Tagetes 'Lulu'. Landscape Architect. clary thyme 22.A.Salvia officinalis. lemon 21. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. sweet basil 23. A.L.Salvia sclarea.Crocus sieberi. 26. crocus 44. tulip 45.S. leek 46. absinthe sativa. Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme 43. Artemisia absinthium 24.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. woolly thyme 3. marigold 41. Beauty'. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.
8. lobelia Sherbert'.Aloysia triphylla. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. 39.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. Viola odorata.Clematis 'Mrs. lovage 34. white evergreen azalea 16.Galium mollugo. American elderberry 15. American marjoram Yellow'. lemon 50.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Ipomoea alba. weed chive 48.Stachys byzantina. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. catmint 53. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. fraxinella 36. monkshood upright yew 17.Allium senescens var. 32.Malus hupehensis.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Levisticum officinale. 58.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Tropaeolum minus. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Dictamnus albus. butterfly 47.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.foxglove 7. sweet 37. alpine 28.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Aconitum napellus. 29. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Nepeta × faassenii. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Cornus florida. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Santolina virens.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Ribes sativum.Ilex opaca. clematis 11.Artemisia camphorata.Dianthus × allwoodii.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Origanum majorana.Achillea filipendula 60.Hyssopus officinalis. red currant gray santolina 13.Lobelia siphilitica.Petroselinum crispum var.Digitalis grandiflora. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. Robert verbena Brydon'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. great 31. dogwood 19. viola holly 18. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. Lavandula angustifolia. blue 38.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. curly parsley 20. 56. bee balm foxglove Choice'. pink 30. yellow 55. lamb's-ears 52. 54.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. green 40. pale 49.Asclepias tuberosa.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. repeats again the octagonal form. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. The four herb beds. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. an impression of Sol in it. even though the growing area is not extensive. A birdbath of copper. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. are raised with bricks on edge.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
lemon 41. silver mound artemisia 8. Artemisia abrotanum. golden variegated garden sage 38.Pelargonium denticulatum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 42. purple basil 24. Galium odoratum. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis. 1.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. 16. Stachys byzantina. prostrate rosemary 34. spearmint southernwood 5. lavender 15.Heliotropium arborescens. rosemary 33. sweet woodruff 9. English thyme horehound 2.Pelargonium tomentosum.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 28.Thymus × citriodorus. rue 35. sativa.Allium tuberosum.Pelargonium graveolens. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. curly parsley 32. Artemisia dracunculus var. 43. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. dill 18. French tarragon 7. variegated garden sage 37.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula dentata. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina 25. crispum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 27. Artemisia absinthium. absinthe 20. angustifolia. catmint 6.Mentha × piperita. 29.Salvia sclarea.Joan E. clary 21.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil 22. thyme salad burnet 40. orange santolina geranium 11.Ruta graveolens. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium schoenoprasum. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Lavandula angustifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Pelargonium crispum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. lemon 30. purple variegated garden sage 36.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Aloysia triphylla. curly mint 3. clove pink 10. Anethum graveolens. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Nepeta mussinii. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Mentha spicata. French 26. white creeping thyme 12. peppermint 4. lemon 39. lamb's-ears 17. Semple. bush basil 23. heliotrope 31. 19.
this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. a toolhouse. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. rose geranium. lemon verbena. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. if neither is available. A birdbath may replace the pool. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. and lantana are a few. A suitable fence. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. < previous page page_52 next page > . arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. rose.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Thymus praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare var. Landscape Architect. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Heliotropium arborescens.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.A.Santolina chamaecyparissus.S. The number in each planting area is the key number.Chamaemelum nobile. zonal geranium 18. white creeping thyme 2. lavender 3. sweet santolina marjoram 6. 1.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Origanum majorana. 9. geranium 16. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens. fern-leaf tansy 8. zonal geranium 19.Chenopodium botrys. rosescented geranium 17. arcticus 'Albus'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. woolly thyme 15. 7.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. lemon 10. absinthe 'Minimum'. crispum. lemon thyme 20.L. verbena ambrosia 4. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . 13. gray santolina chamomile 14. heliotrope 21. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium frutetorum. A. bush basil 5. green 12.Aloysia triphylla.Artemisia absinthium 11.Rosmarinus officinalis.
but the design itself has endured forty years. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. artemisias. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. apothecary's rose. a deep mauve to others. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. box. These can easily obliterate a design. As the snows melt.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. a sundial. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Hyssop hedges define the circles. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Angelica. mints. Box and holly enclose it all. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. The dwarf box frames the focal point. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. the design is clearly traced. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Lavandula angustifolia.Reseda luteola. butterfly weed35. wild 52. Origanum majorana. scented.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Allium schoenoprasum. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Thymus praecox subsp.63.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Iris × germanica var.Santolina neapolitana 36.Sium sisarum. valerian 6.Monarda fistulosa.Perillafrutescens. weld 54.Artemisia absinthium. lady's-mantle 46.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. rue 23.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Pyrus communis.47.Tanacetum vulgare var.Myrrhis odorata. French thyme Madonna lily 16. grape fennel 19. sweet woodruff45.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Alchemilla vulgaris. Graham.Paeonia officinalis. 62.Lamium album.Buxus sempervirens. dwarf edging box 21.Lilium candidum. florentina. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Sempervivum tectorum. fern-leaf tansy 5. 59.Helleborus orientalis.Galium odoratum. orris box 22.Teucrium chamaedrys. 56. winter savory 32.Sedum telephium. green.Origanum onites.Thymus praecox subsp.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.James D.Santolina chamaecyparissus. white creeping thyme French'. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Armeria maritima. 58. piney 44. daffodil 17. southernwood 2.Astrantia major.Foeniculum vulgare. arcticus 39.Lavandula dentata. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Canadian burnet 13. gray 37. white dead 49.Stachys byzantina. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. 67. lilac 70.Thymus praecox subsp. 1.Alchemilla alpina. Dianthus caryophyllus. 48.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Syringa.Helleborus atrorubens 12. dyer's woad 9. orris 57. Santolina virens. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Melissa officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Asclepias tuberosa. white 66. 55. thrift 41. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 42. arcticus 40. green santolina 24.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. Satureja montana. nasturtium 28. sweet European ginger cicely 3. houseleek Lenten rose 11. arcticus 38. marjoram lungwort crispum. perilla 51.Hyssopus officinalis.Taxus. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . Tropaeolum majus. 65. pot bergamot marjoram 7. clove pink 29. garden sage Christmas rose 10. skirret 53. crimson creeping thyme 18.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. yew Beauty'.Isatis tinctoria. germander 43. rosemary 25. leaf geranium French lavender 8. blue 50. masterwort 69. Chamaemelum nobile.Arisaema dracontium. lamb's-ears 33.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. Pelargonium in variety.Valeriana officinalis. sweet 27. chamomile 31. bronze 64.Helleborus niger.Symphytum officinale.Vitis.30.Asarum europaeum. absinthe 34. 26. 'Albus'. feverfew 14. alpine 60.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.
This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. At the top of the steps. include this one. but no panacea for the maintenance required. pink. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. with buds of red. In addition to the brick edging around each. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. < previous page page_56 next page > . They are small specialty beds. The brick edging around each bed is a help. rising from the courtyard. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. Rosa 'Albertine'. The large. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. If there is room for only one rambler rose. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. However. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre.
angelica 20. alpine strawberry 3. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. caraway 24.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. foxglove 39. 1. English thyme . 23. subsp. bush basil 43.Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Angelica archangelica. winter savory 41.Melissa officinalis.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tanacetum vulgare. Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Satureja montana. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Rheum rhabarbarum. lemon balm 42. 22. rhubarb 2.Borago officinalis. Carum carvi. garden sage 40. tansy Bois'. lavender 4.
45. Irish-lace 48.Chrysanthemum balsamita. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. sweet 37.Poterium sanguisorba.6.Origanum majorana. Thymus 'Argenteus'. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. citrata. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. silver 27.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Tagetes filifolia.R.R. pineapple34. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. French'. clove pink Mammoth'.'Baronne Prevost'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.'Albertine'. Consolida ambigua. curly parsley 26. lemon 51.Aloysia triphylla.Dianthus Victoria'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . geranium in 30. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. marguerite chive 9. rose 28.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Chrysanthemum. 29.Petroselinum crispum var. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.R. 35. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Allium schoenoprasum.sativa.R. muscosa 15. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. var. blue hyssop 25. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 54.R.Laurus nobilis.R.R. prostrate rosemary 16.Anethum graveolens 47.Pelargonium.Mentha × piperita var.R. 36.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. thyme frutescens. 49. 56. salad 7. Hyssopus officinalis. pot 50.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Chenopodium 55. centifolia. Mexican tea 18. musk rose 12.Marrubium vulgare. centifolia 'Cristata'. French 33. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Calendula officinalis.Salvia elegans. 31.Chrysanthemum 46.Satureja hortensis. Pelargonium graveolens. centifolia var. cheddar pink 53. bourbon rose 10.Lavandula dentata.
Balance is augmented. as it should be. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. < previous page page_58 next page > . It is near the house.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. too. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Laid in an unusual pattern. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Aloysia triphylla. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. English thyme signet marigold 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. rosemary yellow viola 10. 16.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf edging box 8.L.Poterium sanguisorba.S. gray 15.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architect. 24. chive lemon verbena 6. arcticus 'Albus'.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. sweet basil 14.Origanum majorana. The number in each planting area is the key number. double white peony 5.Thymus praecox subsp.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Anethum graveolens. 23. 19. santolina moss rose 7. 1. angustifolia 'Munstead'. dill 9.Myosotis sylvatica. white creeping thyme 4. 17.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.A.Satureja hortensis.Heliotropium arborescens. 20. 21. A.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. heliotrope 3.Santolina virens. blue hyssop 13.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. green 22.Salvia officinalis. English'.Ocimum basilicum. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . lavender 2.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Lucile Teeter Kissack.
too. The grape vines. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. < previous page page_60 next page > . Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. and the grape arbor. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. Herbs. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. potted lemon verbena. winter pruned. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and a comfortable. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. the fence with roses.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
Valeriana officinalis. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . lamb's-ears Santolina virens. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Althaea officinalis. Teucrium chamaedrys. Stachys byzantina. BED II germander BED IV 2. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris.Connecticut Vera Breed. marsh climbing rose. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale.Amsonia tabernaemontana. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. conical yew rosemary 1. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. purple variegated garden sage 4. Nepeta mussinii. Galium odoratum. three. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. 3. Iris cristata. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Aloysia triphylla. lemon Linum perenne. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. sweet climbing rose. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. lovage Myrrhis odorata. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'.
feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Sempervivum. beach Marrubium vulgare. Delphinium × belladonna. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus × citriodorus. tuberosa 6. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. catmint 5. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. plume Baptisia australis. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Chamaemelum nobile. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. houseleek in variety 7. lavender 10. angustifolia 'Munstead'. creeping thyme in variety 8. lemon thyme 9. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Thymus. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. fairy rose Giant'. lemon Anemone hybrida. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale.
and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. its detail is shown below. Ivy. Herbs. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . holly. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. silver. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. and bright green in the herb beds. myrtle. blue green. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Another angle could be tried with these. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. magnolia. tend to broaden the width of the garden. Later. planted in bands across these beds. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Either it flourished too well. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. grew too large. this was replaced with ''edging" box. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. if desired.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
silver golden garden sage thyme 9. English ivy burnet 10.Poterium sanguisorba. lamb's. rue 20.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Thymus doerfleri. 44. thyme 38. sweet 34.Lavandula angustifolia. winter 'Purpurascens'. lovage 48. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. French thyme 39.19.Artemisia dracunculus var.Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp.Hedera helix. box chamaecyparissus.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 15. spearmint 42.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium × nervosum.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 28. French 27. dwarf edging box 11.Rumex scutatus.Mentha spicata.Origanum majorana.Thymus praecox subsp. 49. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Laurus nobilis. lemon 29. white creeping thyme 41.Rosmarinus officinalis. Stachys byzantina.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Levisticum officinale. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Thymus herba-barona.Satureja montana.Monarda didyma. caraway thyme 40. lemon 46. English thyme chamomile 2. 6. silver-king artemisia 23. bay rosemary 12.Myrica pensylvanica. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . horehound germander 17. Tropaeolum minus. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. dwarf 21. 'Minimum'. myrtle 47.Teucrium chamaedrys. 25. English'. tansy 45. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. borage 26.Vinca minor. bush basil albula. woolly thyme 8.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. American holly 31. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus carnosus. bayberry balm thyme 13. purple garden sage 7. Borago officinalis. ears rose geranium 3. purple basil savory 35.Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha suaveolens. 1. lime geranium 4.Marrubium vulgare. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. Ocimum basilicum 22. salad 43.Artemisia abrotanum.Pelargonium fragrans.Thymus × citriodorus.Buxus sempervirens 14.Ilex opaca. Ruta graveolens.Melissa officinalis. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. thyme 37.Magnolia grandiflora. sweet woodruff 36. Ocimum basilicum 24. 33. arcticus 'Albus'.Galium odoratum. bee balm30.
Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. brick. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. standards. and treessome of which are espaliered.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. adding to the space for walking. The use of flagstone. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. < previous page page_64 next page > . maypoles. accent this prime focal point even more. It is located for the best viewing. There is variety in the walks. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. Laurus nobilis. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. too. It is a large garden. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. potted shrubs. too. The four potted bay. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves.
odoratissimum.50. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Viola tricolor. 51. winter 27. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.P. 1.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. musty oakscented geranium 5.Calendula officinalis.Chenopodium botrys.P.quercifolium.P. Thymus × citriodorus. 25. Johnny-jump. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .acerifolium. Satureja montana.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pot 52. apple English thyme up geranium 3. 26. wild 28.Nigella damascena. 49.53. fragrans.P. love-in.P. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 29.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.
forsythia 'Albus'.Origanum dictamnus. cherry tomato chive 17.Poncirus trifoliata.Anethum graveolens.Myrtus communis.Origanum majorana.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus serpyllum.P. rose geranium66. blue hyssop 10. white sweet yarrow violet 13. tomentosum.Artemisia abrotanum.Pelargonium crispum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. lemon-rose geranium 22. bay 20.P.× nervosum.Mentha pulegium.P. 41. wild thyme 31. French tarragon Rose'. lemon 47. chamomile 8.Tanacetum vulgare var. glutinosum.Malus angustifolia. garden sage 54. white creeping thyme geranium 68. lettuce 39. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Viola odorata. graveolens.Levisticum officinale. 71. 64.72. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Aloysia triphylla. orange geranium 23. fern-leaf 'Nana'. pine crispum. bee balm 63.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. 58. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Lavandula angustifolia.6. bronze 38. pheasant's.Salvia officinalis. parsley 35.P. Chamaemelum nobile.P.Achilleafilipendula. crowfoot 70. 61.P. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . horehound 46.P. denticulatum. lime geranium 55.Monarda didyma. golden lemon thyme 7.P. lemon 65. lemon geranium 33.P.Salvia caerulea. denticulatum 11. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Laurus nobilis.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Poterium sanguisorba. English lavender 32. camphor-scented geranium 69.Allium schoenoprasum.Forsythia. lettuce 40.Mentha.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. classic 21. sweet flag 16.P.Livingston'. 57. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. fern-leaf 60. lemon balm 45.Allium senescens var. sweet 37. dill 36.P. lemon southernwood geranium 34. arcticus43. crispum. Rosmarinus officinalis.Melissa officinalis. box 19.Thymus praecox subsp. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Artemisia dracunculus var. Hyssopus officinalis. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.P. rosemary 9. strawberry 48. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Acorus calamus. crispum 'Minor'.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. salad 42. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Marrubium vulgare. radens 'Dr. 62.Fragaria vesca. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Petroselinum crispum. peppermint 67.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. 44.P. lemon geranium 56.Malus. radens.
the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. This is a large garden by any standard. In keeping with this feeling. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. green santolina. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. and Allium karataviense. too.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. < previous page page_66 next page > . something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Florence B. blue hyssop 16.Thymus praecox subsp. Santolina virens.Allium sativa. wormwood fennel 2. apple mint 13. Mentha suaveolens.Liriope muscari.Hyssopus officinalis. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium christophii.Levisticum officinale.Foeniculum vulgare. Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf garden 17. garden sage 18. gray 10. fringed 7. big blue lilyturf 12.Artemisia frigida.Satureja montana. arcticus. winter savory 9. 15.Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia officinalis. lemon 11.Salvia officinalis.Allium moly. 8. chive 4.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. green santolina 14. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . Baker. French tarragon schoenoprasum.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
the square. for the box after new spring growth. and the front porch of the house. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. < previous page page_70 next page > . the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the upper deck. the circle. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Many herb gardens could provide this. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
dwarf edging box 7.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Cedrus deodara.Cupressus sempervirens.Chamaemelum nobile. viola 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. Italian cypress 9.The number in each planting area is the key number.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 1. winter savory 4. lemon 8.Satureja montana. chamomile 2.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lavender 5. dwarf myrtle 6. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.
The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . from Peter Coats. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Roses. Coin with Tudor rose design. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.. as it was with this plan. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Paths are gravel. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Foeniculum vulgare. earth 24.Crocus sativus. caraway 35.Bellis perennis.Satureja montana.Rosmarinus officinalis. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. salad burnet 10.Viola odorata. Eryngium maritimum.Carum carvi.Iris pseudacorus. 25.Mentha spicata.Myrtus communis. 1.Aconitum napellus. spearmint 30. Madonna 23. sweet marjoram 3. 19.Fragaria vesca.Petroselinum crispum. English pasqueflower primrose 14. Malva sylvestris. yellow flag 26.Calendula officinalis. sweet violet 6. Chamaemelum nobile.Primula vulgaris.Lactuca sativa.Fumaria officinalis. pot marigold 15. rue 33.Lavandula angustifolia. winter 32. Origanum majorana. lettuce 28. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . absinthe peppermint 8. rosemary 16.Primula elatior.Buxus sempervirens. lemon balm 31.Poterium sanguisorba. blue hyssop 2. Hyssopus officinalis.Viola tricolor. saffron lily crocus 12. monkshood27. classic myrtle 18. parsley 29. Thymus serpyllum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Crithmum maritimum. English daisy 36.Anemone pulsatilla.Mentha × piperita.Ruta graveolens.Lilium candidum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. oxlip 17. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. 22. clove20. Dianthus caryophyllus.Melissa officinalis. chamomile 4. fennel 21. 34. mallow 13. wild thyme 5.
they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. plumed. most of the blooms are nightscented. spurred. white blooms and woolly.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. along with a measure of fragrance. white. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. silver mound. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. but Always Love. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. However. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. its tufted. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. Selected for this reason. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them." Concrete blocks.
< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. petunia 30. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. silver 16. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. pink 15.Marrubiam vulgare. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. horehound 2. Stachys byzantina. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.19. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Lilium candidum. silver mound artemisia 3. white 32.Galium odoratum.Dictamnus albus. 17. lamb's. sweet 31. white .Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 1.Galanthus nivalis. Dianthus 'White Lace'. 'Albus'.
Lunaria annua. Adam's. Artemisia lactiflora. white 22.Iris × germanica var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.21.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. lavender 12. tuberose 36. white 27.Ipomoea alba.Polianthes tuberosa. 26. Viola odorata. moonflower 39.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. orris 8. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. 23. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. Artemisia absinthium.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Rosa 'Cinderella'. needle florentina.Artemisia stellerana.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. 25. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. Yucca filamentosa. rose 40. clary 24.Matthiola incana.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. beach mugwort wormwood 9. dame's honesty rocket 14.Salvia sclarea. albula. tulip 37. daffodil 35.Hesperis matronalis.Artemisia ludoviciana. sweet violet 20.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Malus 'Guiding Star'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . tulip 38. western mugwort 7.Convallaria majalis.6. white stock absinthe 10. rose 41. 28. lily-ofthe-valley 11.
Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Rather. too.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. textures. This herb garden. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Many of these herbs lack the hues. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. related to an old mill reconstruction. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. required their use as an educational adjunct. < previous page page_76 next page > .
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Convallaria majalis.Crocus sativus. Agave sisalana. Scotch broom hemp 7.Genista tinctoria. onion China jute 4.Solidago species. privet marigold 15.Hydrastis canadensis. French 33. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Viburnum acerifolium. garden 56.Coptis trifolia. 39. flax 21. 35.Furcraea hexapetala.Parmelia conspersa. alkanet 52.Allium cepa.Morus rubra or alba. golden 40. Gossypium hirsutum. queen.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 32. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Agave fourcroydes.Prunus persica. fuller's 30.Rumex acetosa. black-eyed 50. Manila 25.Hypericum perforatum. stinging nettle44. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . henequen marigold bearberry 8. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Ligustrum vulgare.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.51.Rhus typhina.Galium verum. weld 57. ramie 24. St.46.Agrimonia eupatoria. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Indigofera tinctoria. Musa textilis. madder 54.Filipendula ulmaria. 28.Anthemis tinctoria.Cytisus scoparius. 37. sumac poke 17. Abutilon theophrasti. sweet 49. 34.Reseda luteola.Rumex obtusifolius.Phytolacca americana.Isatis tinctoria.Dipsacus sativus. 53. broad 42.Genista germanica. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 47.Anchusa officinalis.Rubia tinctorum. 48. lily.Rudbeckia hirta. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Tagetes patula. 23.38.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.. goldthread 41. 43. Hibiscus cannabinus.Chelidonium majus. barberry teasel woodruff 12. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Monarda didyma. blueberry 13. 1.Carthamus tinctorius.Coreopsis tinctoria. Sansevieria trifasciata. 29. bee 36. yellow 55.Urtica dioica. sisal 27. Linum usitatissimum. woad Susan laevifolium.Mahonia aquifolium.Polygonum hydropiperoides. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. 26.Tagetes erecta. 20. peach bracken sorrel 19. 22.Cotinus coggygria.Pteridium aquilinum. African 45. dyer's broom safflower 6.Cladrastis lutea.Berberis vulgaris. Boehmeria nivea. dyer's 31.Sanguinaria canadensis.Galium odoratum. saffron crocus marguerite 3.
balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. < previous page page_78 next page > . at each end of the garden and at each entrance. A totally appealing edging. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. as well as the roses.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Elsewhere. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
25. the second shows the number of plants to be used. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. Legras de St. rambler 20. 'Seven Sisters'. cl. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Marie Pavic' 8. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. rambler 19. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. cl. 22. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 23. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 1. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'American Pillar'. cl. 'Mme. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 24. cl. 'Mignonette' 5. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Sombreuil'. 18. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15.
< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. < previous page page_80 next page > . but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. Circles and angles provide interest. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
melongena 2.C.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. ruby swiss chard var. graveolens var. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. 39. cherry tomato 34.C. graveolens var. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. white-flowered kale 49. melongena 1. annuum 'Black Prince'.C. graveolens var. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens 'French Dinant'.B. 29. 26. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. kohlrabi Rock'.A.L. annuum 'Nosegay'. oleracea 'Prima'. leek 5. crispum 'Banquet'. scorodoprasum. C. annuum 'Mosaic'. C. 28. Capsicum annuum var.sativa 'Ruby'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. C. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. annuum 'Red Boy'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. 25. C.esculentum 'Long Black'.Cichorium intybus.A.B. C. red-flowered kale 6. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. annuum 'Teno'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 30.S. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. annuum 'Variegata'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. lycopersicum var. 24.B.B.A. tuberosum.L. 22.B. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. C. garlic chive 44.A. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.C. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. red 38.annuum 'Floral Gem'. pear Purple Vienna'. 45. red 37.A. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.B. 48. dulce 50. oleracea 'Green Parade'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. shallot Lakes'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. annuum 'Golden Bell'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. giant garlic var. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.A. celery I 31. 40. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. C. 32.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. Petroselinum crispum var.C.B.A.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. cepa Proliferum Group. 27.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. chive 42.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.Apium graveolens var.B. eggplant 43.C. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .B. annuum 'Pinocchio'. celery Bed 9. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.A. Boerner.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. celery Group. oleracea 'Red Acre'. dulce 47.Solanum melongena var. curly eggplant parsley 23.B.S. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.A. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. schoenoprasum. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. Beauty'. annuum 'Fips'. sprouts celery 8. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.B. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.
winter savory. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. All of the circles.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. When viewed from the terrace above. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . for each is a complete entity. arcs. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. and golden thyme.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
P. rose-scented geranium 4. Landscape Architect.A.S. 19.P. orange geranium 8.P. golden 11.× nervosum. lemon geranium 22. P.P.P. scabrum. rose geranium 27. tomentosum. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. oak-leaved geranium 16. inkberry geranium 9. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. maple-leaved 18.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.P. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. lime geranium Rose'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. germander crowfoot geranium 21.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. Assoc. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 17. crispum. 12. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. × nervosum 'Torento'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 29. crispum 'French Lace. × domesticum 6.Myrica pensylvanica. Marshall. A. P. pungent-scented geranium 25.P. green 14. peppermint 26.P. Livingston'.P.Melissa R. radens 'Dr. odoratissimum.P.P.' lemon geranium 23.P.P. P. Teucrium chamaedrys. graveolens. 15.P.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P. Santolina virens. gooseberry geranium 24. acerifolium. The number in each planting area is the key number.P.. apple gray santolina geranium 3. Satureja montana. apricot geranium28.Ilex glabra. 1. winter 13.L. grossularioides.
filled with plants that have contrasting color. and growth to the plants of the knot design. Its interspaces can be mulched.Hyssopus officinalis. To ease the care for a more complicated design.Santolina virens. English lavender 2. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. . The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. such as a dwarf edging box. For the knot to look its best at all times." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. texture. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. was planted using edging box only. closed knot design. Maintenance is high for a knot.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. sand. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. 1. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. on page 37. blue hyssop 3.Lavandula angustifolia. or marble chips. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. especially when it is blooming. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. which is framed with a brick edging.
Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. green santolina 2. dwarf edging box 4.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.
angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Some maintenance is required for clipping. herba-barona. arcticus 'Coccineus'. white 7.T. 1. In another departure from the usual. 'Munstead'. creeping thymes. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'. fig 4. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. variegated garden sage .Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. lavender Japanese barberry 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The knot material is maintained at six inches. the height of the edging. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.T. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.S.officinalis 'Tricolor'. which are confined to that area.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Thymus praecox subsp. caraway thyme 9. which is found more often out in the open. Teucrium chamaedrys. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. purple variegated 11. 8. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. praecox subsp.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium canadense. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. lavender . gray santolina 2. American germander 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. germander . setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.
The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. each one a quarter-circle. adding another facet to an appealing design.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. pleasing color. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. which are also laid on edge. < previous page page_88 next page > . again laid on edge. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
grenadin pink chamomile 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . lavender 5.Lavandula dentata var. blue sage 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 17. samphire14.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Artemisia arborescens. lavender 9. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 16.Allium senescens var. golden marguerite 25. dwarf 12.Anthemis marschalliana.Artemisia frigida. lavender 8.Salvia argentea. silver sage 15. curry plant 7. Russian sage 24. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Crithmum maritimum.Leontopodium alpinum. 18.Perovskia atriplicifolia. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Helichrysum angustifolium. tree artemisia 26. candicans.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Santolina neapolitana 10. gray santolina 2. glaucum 11.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. silver horehound 19. silver thyme 6. dwarf gray santolina 20.Salvia clevelandii.Marrubium incanum.Stachys byzantina. 1.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Teucrium fruticans.Anthemis tinctoria. French lavender 3. rue 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. tree germander 22. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.The number in each planting area is the key number. woolly yarrow 23.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. fern-leaf yarrow 27.
a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. thyme. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. < previous page page_90 next page > . are without number. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. lady's-mantle. As with other plant material. basil. The color of the container plays a lesser role. Some are rosemary. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Styles of containers. sweet marjoram.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. If one is familiar with herbs. oregano. and the savories. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. which include hanging baskets. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one.
< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. < previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden.
< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. < previous page page_92 next page > .
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.L. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. However.S. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Of course supervision is necessary. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. LandscapeArchitect. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. such an outlay would be unwarranted. A. If children's interest is not sustained.A. < previous page page_95 next page > . They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.
they are easily handpicked. too. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Instead of benches on the patio. Just keep a garden design for children simple. These are ''old roses. Children in this age group can help with the construction. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material." selected for their greater fragrance.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. < previous page page_96 next page > . an experiment with turf seats could be tried. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs.
Landscape Architect. A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L. .A.S.
Dianthus plumarius.Isatis tinctoria.Origanum majorana.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium sativum var. ambrosia 2. crispum. garden sage 24. English lavender 4. borage 15. 1. pot marigold 8. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Nigella damascena. 13.Hedeoma pulegioides. 19. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. dill pennyroyal 11.Allium tuberosum.Nepeta cataria.Salvia sclarea. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. horehound 26. catnip 27. summer savory 22.Rosa damascena.Marrubium vulgare. lovage 12. dwarf 6. ophioscorodon.Allium moly. alpine strawberry 3. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Borago officinalis.Allium senescens var. Petroselinum crispum var.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis. lily leek 30.Artemisia camphorata. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Anethum graveolens. clary 25. neapolitanum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English lavender 7. 20. love-in-a-mist 14.Chenopodium botrys.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. dyer's bush basil woad 9. damask rose 32.Satureja hortensis. 16. American 21.Calendula officinalis. garlic chive 29. cottage pink 18. southernwood 5. Italian parsley 23. glaucum 31.rocambole 28.Tropaeolum minus.Rosa gallica.Artemisia abrotanum. Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia.
Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. The oval. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. previously used as a skating rink. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. The sculptures. not noted on the plan. < previous page page_98 next page > . from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. All are inviting to the touch. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. are a seal and a turtle. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. The design is a medley of shapes and textures.
A.A.R. F. .< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect.
blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. mint Tagetes. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. cowslip Linaria. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. tansy Monarda didyma. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. fat-hen Primula veris. mint Galium odoratum. Allium schoenoprasum. lousewort Viola canina. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. marigold Salvia officinalis. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. coltsfoot Mimulus. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. bee orchid Erigeron. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. Nepeta cataria. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. dog violet Lemna. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. fleabane Stellaria. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. Greek Stachys byzantina. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. duckweed Antennaria. English Tussilago farfara. chamomile Mentha. Foeniculum vulgare. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. winter savory Mentha. chive dandelion Allium sativum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. Trifolium pratense. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. borage Tanacetum vulgare. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . bee balm Satureja montana.
< previous page page_101 next page > . for an old barn foundation of stone. developed particularly for study. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. feverfew. Their height eases the task of weeding. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Its plant list.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. it is a most satisfying growing situation. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Still. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. a mint. A number of wooden window frames. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Instead. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. an exceedingly long one. its wooden structure long gone. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and old barn beams another about the same height. Here. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
onites.Hypericum perforatum. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. 62. plantain 80.Salvia officinalis. rampion 81.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Satureja montana.A. officinalis 'Tricolor'. abrotanum.O. lemon verbena 106. absinthe 51.A. arcticus 'Albus'. camphorata. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. purple basil English lavender 18.Genista tinctoria. bee balm57. didyma 'Rosea'.Pelargonium crispum. sweet violet 40.Asarum canadense. white creeping thyme 97. apple wormwood geranium 8. betony 92.O. thyme 102.Aloysia triphylla. golden thyme 98. angelica lemon geranium 5.Rosmarinus officinalis.Digitalis purpurea.Althaea officinalis. crispum. alpine savory 89. richardii subsp. balm horehound 14. nitidus.Veronica serpyllifolia.Euphorbia cyparissias. 45.Campanula persicifolia. golden lemon thyme 99.Ranunculus ficaria. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.A. pallasianus. basilicum 56. golden marjoram 26. arcticus 'Coccineus'. rosemary 82. southernwood houseleek 12.T.Stachys officinalis. calamint valerian 24. rue 83.T 'Argenteus'. southernwood ground cherry 10. crimson creeping thyme 96. rose sativa. 'Purpurascens'. praecox subsp. herba-barona. majorana. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Myrrhis odorata.Lychnis coronaria. bee balm lovage 20. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Viola odorata.Achillea millefolium. wild lemon basil ginger 16.-John'swort 91.Echium vulgare.Sempervivum tectorum. basil blue hyssop 15. 42.P.Digitalis lanata. silver thyme 105. 55.Plantago major.Stachys grandifora 93.T. tomentosum. viper's 65.Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus praecox subsp. 44. 60. stellerana.T. sweet 41.Marrubium vulgare.49.Agastache foeniculum.T.Ocimum basilicum. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Monarda didyma. purple variegated garden sage 85.A.Angelica archangelica. pot marigold 25.O.T.Valeriana officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Physalis heterophylla.T.Geranium robertianum.O. officinalis 'Aurea'. yarrow herb Robert 4.Pulmonaria officinalis.S. garden sage 84. creeping veronica . golden variegated garden sage 86. camphor. lemon 52. pink 58.Acinos alpinus. beach 47. woolly thyme 101.A.Calamintha grandiflora.Calendula officinalis. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 95. 1.M. 'Clear Gold'.A. odoratissimum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Levisticum officinale.Sium sisarum.Campanula rapunculus.Galium odoratum. mosquito plant 19.Tanacetum vulgare var. caraway thyme 103.Rubia tinctorum. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. 54.Hyssopus officinalis. pot marjoram bugloss 27. 64. officinalis 'Purpurea'. 43. marsh mallow 13. winter savory 88. dyer's woodruff broom 3. catmint 63. 61. 66. Roman 46.Agastache cana.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. wormwood germander 9.P.Nepeta mussinii.T. pontica. St.Ruta graveolens. 50. French tarragon geranium 7. sweet 53.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet cicely 94.Viola tricolor. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. variegated garden sage 87.Chelidonium majus.P. rose costmary campion 23. skirret 90. foxglove 2. lemon thyme 100. 48. graveolens. absinthium.S. basilicum 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lesser 67.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.T. praecox subsp. celandine madder 79. × citriodorus.O. odorous thyme 104. Grecian 59.S.
Primula veris. veronica 108. blattaria. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.29. ostrowskianum 34. yucca 109. pin cherry 39.Verbascum thapsus.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Anthriscus cerefolium. spicata. evening 77. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.A. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Atriplex hortensis. chervil 68.Mentha suaveolens. feverfew cinerariifolium. orach115. × gentilis.Chamaemelum nobile.Dianthus plumarius 75. red mint comfrey 33.Cichorium intybus. citrata.Chrysanthemum parthenium. wild 116. Madonna lily leucanthemum. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. dyer's woad 110.cepa. pineapple mint 31.V.Symphytum officinale.Allium sativum. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M. 114.Oenothera biennis.Isatis tinctoria. cowslip 72. apple mint 69. spearmint 107.Origanum vulgare. curry plant mullein 35.M.Laurus nobilis. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Chrysanthemum 74.Origanum dictamnus.A. Proliferum Group.Lilium candidum.Helichrysum angustifolium. tree onion 112.Lysimachia vulgaris. 76. garlic 111. × piperita var.Veronica officinalis. 73. moth 113. 71.Chrysanthemum 78.M. chamomile 30.M.Myrtus communis. chicory 70.Yucca filamentosa. orange mint 32.Prunus pensylvanica. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .
Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. its outline constructed of brick. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. A statue of St. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. Francis. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. not just hiding it. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. of good proportion for the size of the opening. A wheelshaped bed. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. but not obvious. < previous page page_104 next page > . Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
California poppy Oxalis crassipes. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. labdanum Cistus crispus. loquat Cichorium intybus. AREA IV Ixia maculata. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Cestrum nocturnum. Vetiveria zizanioides. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . sea orach Verbascum olympicum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. potato Brassica eruca. AREA VI japonica. menthifolia. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. only those not found on other lists are noted here. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Eriobotrya japonica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. Eleocharis dulcis. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. white Justicia carnea. cat Watsonia rosea. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. poet's Solidago californica. lion's-ear prismaticum.
Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. and a third a culinary garden. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. < previous page page_106 next page > . emphasizes the circle. is a center of interest. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. an "old rose" and fragrant. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. another a Mary garden. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. or potpourri. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. to name a few. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. scented-leaf geraniums. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. but also for proper leaf size. One is a garden of legends. not only for hardiness where needed. The exterior brick path.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
angelica 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.20.Origanum majorana.Galium verum.Ornithogalum umbellatum. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . English ivy rosemary 8. Anethum graveolens. yellow 25. Chamaemelum nobile. Viola tricolor. 1. black 23. chive bedstraw 16.Mentha spicata. English thyme 13. saffron crocus marigold 7. Hyssopus officinalis. white dead 24. pot 26.19. 27.Ocimum basilicum. garden up sage 10. hyssop rose 9.Ruta graveolens.Hedera helix. Johnny-jump. sweet 21.Calendula officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. spearmint 22.Santolina chamaecyparissus. rue 28.Narcissus mustard 14.Crocus sativus. Artemisia absinthium. blue 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. costmary 6. Chrysanthemum balsamita. lady's. chamomile 3.Brassica nigra. pyrethrum 5.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Salvia officinalis. Linum usitatissimum.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet marjoram basil 12.The number in each planting area is the key number. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Lamium album. absinthe 4. Angelica archangelica.Alchemilla vulgaris. flax 17. dill 11.
This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. < previous page page_108 next page > .
bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. rue Malva alcea var. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. perennial flax Galium odoratum. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. beach Monarda didyma. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. peppermint Laurus nobilis. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. spearmint Mentha × piperita. sweet Myrtus communis. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. lemon balm Mentha spicata. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. thyme Cnicus benedictus. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. fastigiata. Artemisia absinthium. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. Myrrhis odorata. Russian 'Prostratus'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. blue Lamium maculatum. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. clove Marrubium vulgare. Cotinus coggygria. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. bay Echeveria × imbricata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii.
There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. simply on a smaller scale. The generous use of edgings. features a closed knot of superior design. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. < previous page page_110 next page > . This is a general rule observed. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. Viewed from the terrace garden. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. too. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. and huge. Appropriately used as accents. millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens.
Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Tiny Rubies'. gray santolina 7. and the mulch. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Santolina virens.Teucrium chamaedrys. that of good proportion. lavender 5. of greater size than is commonly found. The number in each planting area is the key number. A. Design plan of herb garden 1. angustifolia 'Munstead'. germander 2.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. blue hyssop 3. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. six feet in diameter. green santolina 6.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.L. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. dwarf box .A. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Routine clipping is required. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architect.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.S. cheddar pink 4.
goat willow Sassafras albidum. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . beach plum Corylus avellana. plum Prunus maritima. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. dogwood Pinus nigra. quince Magnolia virginiana. box Myrica pensylvanica.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. honey locust Cornus florida. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. shadbush Salix caprea. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. black haw Prunus americana. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. japonica. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. box Calycanthus fioridus. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis.
A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. However. herba-barona. As a rule. and a miscellany of others. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. Rosmarinus. caraway thyme T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. leucotrichus T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Lavandula. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. arcticus T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. praecox subsp. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. doerfleri T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. arcticus 'Rosea' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. 'Annie Hall' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. its plant material varied.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. silver thyme T. Currently. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. Salvia. 'Doone Valley' . praecox subsp. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Argenteus'. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success.
nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Aurea'. dentata. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia. golden thyme T. blue sage S. angustissimus. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. golden rosemary R. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. guaranitica. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. woolly thyme T. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. golden variegated sage S.T. autumn sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. ramie . vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. leucantha. praecox subsp. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. involucrata. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. greggii. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. heterophylla. purple variegated garden sage S. sweet lavender L. anise sage S. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. 'Clear Gold'. English lavender L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. arcticus 'Coccineus'. pine-scented rosemary R.
balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
rupturewort. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Prunella vulgaris. Equisetum arvense. to sweeten the air. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The house. Physostegia virginiana. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. for scrubbing pots. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. L. The apple trees. Hesperis matronalis. Primarily. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . horsetail. Sium sisarum. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. a well beside the house. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Smith. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. used in salads or boiled. family needsmedicinal.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Herniaria glabra. balmony. culinary. obedient plant. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Cheloneglabra. which were located between the water supply. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Circumstances determined these priorities. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. constructed of brick made on the property. to lure bees.
in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. while functional. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Today. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. too. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. < previous page page_116 next page > . too. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. for a few are in use now.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Ficus carica.Sambucus canadensis.Lagerstroemia indica. Banksia rose 14.Syringa × persica var.Lonicera sempervirens. 16.Punica granatum. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. yellow 12.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. wisteria 13. trumpet 11.Prunus angustifolia.Malus angustifolia.Laurus nobilis. Cape jasmine 10.Wisteria frutescens.Rosa banksiae. fig 6. rosemary 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. garlic 9. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . 15. 1.Pinus taeda. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Allium sativum. bay 7. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Gardenia jasminoides.Lonicera flava. southern laciniata. pomegranate 3.
Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Appropriately. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The effect would be quite different without them. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. too. Italy. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. < previous page page_118 next page > .
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Lobelia siphilitica. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Calycanthus fioridus. clove 36.Dianthus caryophyllus. 66. fennel 40.Armoracia rusticana. 50.Ocimum basilicum.Gaultheria procumbens. sweet 64.Laurus nobilis. 43.Pulmonaria officinalis. blue 46.Melissa officinalis.Nepeta cataria. foxglove 41.Lilium candidum.Monarda punctata.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 65.Vinca minor. agrimony 58. 68. pot 48.Achillea millefolium. yellow-root 7.Asarum virginicum.Levisticum officinale. 42.Elizabeth Lawrence. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Ilex vomitoria.57. 61. fuller's teasel 67.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Buxus sempervirens. horsemint lobelia 23.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. 70. 37.Eupatorium perfoliatum. senna woodruff 15. saffron crocus 25.Acorus calamus.Rosa laevigata. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Pinckneya pubens. 60. bay lavender wintergreen 21. balm autumn crocus 2.Mentha pulegium. 54. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Colchicum autumnale.Sassafras albidum.Borago officinalis.Galium odoratum.Crocus sativus. St. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. sweet shrub 10. spearmint 62.Rosmarinus officinalis. 33.Foeniculum vulgare. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. rue 56. 45.Digitalis purpurea. peony 51. catnip 34. mullein 49.Artemisia abrotanum.Symphytum officinale. basil chive 3.Xanthoriza simplicissima. dill 39.Lindera benzoin. yarrow lungwort 22. peppermint 52. lovage 35. butterfly 32.Mentha spicata.Ilex opaca.Cimicifuga racemosa.Verbascum thapsus. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Monarda didyma. blue 44.Agrimonia eupatoria. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. borage 31.Teucrium chamaedrys.Hyssopus officinalis.Chimaphila umbellata.Cornus florida.Punica granatum. myrtle 53.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden sage 59. lemon 26. black 29.Asclepias tuberosa. box chamomile 9. sweet 27.Cassia marilandica.Chamaemelum nobile.Marrubium vulgare.Hamamelis virginiana. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Mentha × piperita.Lonicera sempervirens.Calendula officinalis.Dipsacus sativus.Salvia officinalis. American holly 16. 55. hyssop sassafras 20. sativa. dogwood horehound 18. great 47.Paeonia officinalis. 38.Allium schoenoprasum.Hypericum perforatum.Lavandula angustifolia.Populus balsamifera. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Rubus allegheniensis. bee balm 28. sweet flag marigold 24.Ruta graveolens. wild ginger69. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. 30. trumpet honeysuckle 4. 63.Anethum graveolens.
< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. preventives. < previous page page_120 next page > . It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. and fragrances they developed. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. This is true for the remedies. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. In any event. of herbs for one loaf of bread. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. 1 T.
opium poppy 5. horehound 15.Digitalis purpurea.Cydonia oblonga. English thyme rosemary 7.Ocimum basilicum. horsemint 20. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . blue hyssop 21. foxglove 12.Artemisia absinthium.Carum carvi. black haw 23.Levisticum officinale.Tanacetum vulgare.Mentha spicata.Marrubium vulgare.Viburnum prunifolium.Origanum majorana. tansy 11.Satureja montana. apothecary's rose 22.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. catnip 16.Papaver somniferum. caraway 19.Salvia officinalis. sweet basil 13.Pyrus communis.Nepeta cataria.Lavandula angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis. quince 24. garden sage 8. English 10.Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha × piperita. spearmint 17. 14. winter savory 4. absinthe 9. 1.Monarda punctata. pot marigold 2. Calendula officinalis. peppermint 18. lavender lovage 3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet marjoram 6.
a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The beds are used to achieve balance. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. Allowed such freedom of expression. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. from early Moravian settlements.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. the other 1761. often it is reconstructed. makes it something of a focal point. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. < previous page page_122 next page > . one dated 1759. and bricks raise the beds. and if the best has not always survived. Shaded by hop vines. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. Some could be used singly. for example the large square bed with circular path. to study it. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Thus it was for this garden. The main paths of brick unify the garden. centrally located.
< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect. .A.S. Campbell. A.L.
autumn crocus 34. sweet 55.Salvia viridis.Bellis perennis. caraway 72.Inula helenium.Achillea millefolium. stock 50.Mentha spicata.Consolida ambigua.Rosa centifolia.Aquilegia vulgaris. 81.Lagerstroemia indica.Rosa damascena. annual clary 3. virgin's bower 40.Cnicus benedictus. marsh mallow 7. corn poppy 79.Pulmonaria officinalis.Narcissus poeticus. hollyhock 51.Matthiola incana. tansy 6. chamomile 17.Scabiosa atropurpurea. cockscomb 47.Melissa officinalis. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Allium sativum. eglantine Group.Saponaria officinalis.Vitis. redbud 24. rue 14. clary 30. chestnut rose 43.Rheum rhabarbarum.Nepeta cataria.Petroselinum crispum. sorrel 65. dill 73. Carolina jessamine 38.Crocus sativus. hyssop maypop 42. 66.The number in each planting area is the key number. cabbage angustifolia.Ruta graveolens. absinthe 45. horehound 56.Dianthus caryophyllus.Lilium candidum.Origanum majorana.Narcissus tazetta.Alcea rosea. blue 63.Anethum graveolens. poet's narcissus 61.Rosa eglanteria.77. 74.Gelsemium sempervirens. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Carum carvi.Tanacetum vulgare. parsley 32. garden nasturtium 12.Rosa moschata.Celosia cristata. basil moss rose 44. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. blue 69. 62.Chamaemelum nobile. love.Rosa gallica.Atriplex hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 71.Armoracia rusticana. lavender rose 21. elecampane 11. balm chive 37. 80. catnip 70.Humulus lupulus. garlic lungwort 36. dwarf nasturtium 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. borage 5.Foeniculum vulgare. clove 53.Clematis virginiana.Hydrangea quercifolia. blessed thistle 8.Tropaeolum majus. rhubarb 10.Silybum marianum. black cumin 46. columbine 29. asparagus 31.Papaver rhoeas.Tropaeolum minus. English 78. rosemary49.Salvia officinalis. comfrey 33. polyanthus narcissus 60.Stachys officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 64. red pepper 20. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . daisy crape myrtle 23.Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha × piperita.Rubia tinctorum.Borago officinalis.Rosa roxburghii.Ficus.Passiflora incarnata. saffron peppermint crocus 35. 48. fennel marjoram 28.Nigella sativa. lovage 9.Symphytum officinale. hop southernwood 39.Magnolia grandiflora.Levisticum officinale.Amaranthus caudatus. Madonna lily 59. French rose 18. English thyme 2. spearmint 57.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. orach 76.Ocimum basilicum. betony 82. yarrow 4. grape larkspur 41. 68.Cornusflorida.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 54. garden sage 15. mugwort67. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Salvia sclarea.Rumex acetosa. 1.Asparagus officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. 52. holy thistle 58. damask coriander rose 19.Artemisia absinthium.Colchicum autumnale.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Coriandrum sativum.Cercis canadensis.Althaea officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia vulgaris. madder 16.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. First. Usually this is least desirable. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. A ravine and existing. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. the western.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. and the north point is established. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. far from the house. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Thus. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Calluna (heather). Although some observations may seem obvious. The lesser the scale. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. This space was never adequate. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. it is proper to make a trial run. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. even boggy. The next most desirable exposure.
The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The general outline is similar. < previous page page_126 next page > . Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The. a driveway on still another. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Culinary herbs will fill a large. another is close to the rear of the house. certainly not precisely the same. single bed. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. 127 indicates. as the drawing on p. all four sides are so determined. Then.ground where drainage is better. and the search did not take long. and the property line on the last. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. but it need not be identical. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The outline is fixed. Indeed. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. The new herb garden has been located. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. It was a pleasurable assignment. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen.
There was no . This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. then north. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If all is well. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. forming the outer boundary of the service path. If. With the plan established. Two drawings were required to work out problems. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. In fact. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. In addition. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. as in this case. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. this low wall will enclose the garden area.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. something is amiss. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. a lapped joint was fashioned. not one completed in a weekend.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. . the eight-foot length was more practical. Before edgings could be put in place. this was. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. In the earlier stage of planning. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. In this area. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. A structural edging was in order. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. At corners. and the finished edging would be effective. the site required some leveling. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. however. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. In this case. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. admittedly. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. eight. However. However.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
but there are exits to different levels. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. The pattern is running bond. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. this same base underlies all the paths. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Paving for the terraced area is brick. A choice of five colors was available. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Heavy black plastic. leaves. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. had been proof of that.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. The latter need to be more substantially paved. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. for they will likely have more traffic. One is the ramp to the driveway. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. sand. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. filling the beds with soil was next. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. selected for its simplicity. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Unfortunately. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. Weeds. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Aged compost. could serve this purpose. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. This method of treatment now guarantees .
Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . However. even bed for the pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. worth the added cost. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. on a trial run of one course of brick.
Herbs have flourished in the beds. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. French drains. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. . In this instance." their construction can be somewhat varied. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. With the completion of the paths. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. and the steps to other levels. since that path borders the house. learned about decades earlier. Sometimes called "rubble drains. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. converging where it was logical to do so. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. the terraced area. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. for it would interfere with the drainage system.
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casts the shadow for the hour.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. Its arrow points north and. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. and so on. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. and so on. for example. twelfths of an inch. having a variety of gradations. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. is symmetrical. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. albula. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. a garden plan. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. not necessarily referable to botanical species. E EllipseAn oval. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. often a wall or trellis. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. sixteenths of an inch. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. in tenths of an inch. in inches. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. for example. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. hundredths of an inch. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support.
a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. G GazeboA freestanding. M ManufactoryA factory. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat.3. a patterned garden. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. turf. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. GrindstoneMillstone. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. a flat. ForthrightA straight course or path. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. or colored earths. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. roofed structure usually open on the sides.brick) in the same course. rounded fragments of rock. H Heart-pinePinus palustris.3). its compartments filled with flowers. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. Usually a few inches thick. also called rubble drain. heated especially by fermenting manure. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. loose. Pea gravelSmall.
a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters.
TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. snug fit for walks. walls. or steps. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. V VarietyA category below species. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. often planted with aromatic herbs. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Stone. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. < previous page page_132 next page > . SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Turf seatBanked-up earth. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. called also a hose cock. cutting. TreillageLatticework for vines. R Rose. ranking between species and variety. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. W Wall. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. not treelike or with a single trunk.
The Cultivated Basils. . 1971. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Brookes. Sevenoaks. New York: G. 1935. 1982. The Small Garden. Margaret E. . New York: Crown Publishers. 1958. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1970. Park's Success with Herbs. 1902. Herbsfor Every Garden. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Frances A. Herbals. Gertrude B. Jot. Liberty Hyde. Rosetta E. Henry. H. 1973. Carpenter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ed. New York: Viking Press. New York: Macmillan. 1944. Putnam's Sons. John E. John. Flannery. New York: Simon and Schuster. Daniel J. The Herb Garden. Foster. Helen Morgenthau. 1911. and Accessories. Earle. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1966. 14701670. Bailey Hortorium. Rosemary F. 1977. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. London: Marshall Cavendish. New York: E.C. Darrah. Harriet Ballard. 1966. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Agnes. Garden Design. Foley. Robert Lee. New York: Viking Press. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Julia S. New York: Macmillan. Hanging Plants for Home. Edlin. Clarkson. 1979.: Buckeye Printing Co. P. 1957.. Mo. Toronto. New York: Dover.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Staff of. London: Saturn Press. Peter. T. L.. Brownlow. Room Outside. British Plants. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1971. Baumgardt. Prof. Helen H. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Terrace. Park Seed Co. Greenwood. 1980. 1972. Batsford. Cross. and Louden. John Philip. London. 1951.. Aurora. Charlotte. 1933. 1951. 1976. Herbs and the Earth. 1942. Green Enchantment. Sydney: B. Foster. Berrall. Garden City: Doubleday. . New York: Hawthorne Books. New York. Bailey. London: Macmillan. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Doran & Co.. 1961. 1962. 1972. S. New York: Macmillan. P. How Plants Get Their Names. Roses. Seal. Hortus Third. London: Adam and Charles Black.: Geo. 1980. Bardswell. Coats. W. Beston. Behme. Crowe. Erichsen-Brown. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Gertrude B. Dutton & Co. 1963. Kent: The Herb Farm. L. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Fox. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden.. Book of the Geranium. Alice Morse. H. London: Country Life. and Garden. New York: Macmillan. 1938. Complements. Sylvia. Independence.
1983. 1966.. A Garden of Herbs. Mary U. (1st American edition trans. M. 1969. New York: Van Nostrand. Helen K. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. N. New York: Crown Publishers. 1969. Books.: Herald Publishing Co. Flowers of the Field. 2d ed. Franco. Roses of the World in Color.. Lawrence. Horace. Lawrence. Amy Bess.C. Patrick M.. Cherokee Plants. The Berry Book. Boston. Ireys. Ann. . New York: Dover. New York: William Morrow and Co.. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1946. Claire. 1961. Potter. 1976. Grieve. Adelma G. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Loyal R. Loewenfeld. Dutton & Co. London: George Routledge & Sons.. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Lathrop. and Chiltoskey. New York: Macmillan. New York: Dover. Plants of the Bible. Frederic. Muenscher.. and Alma L. Sarah. 1911. The Herb Garden. Gardens in Winter.. Hay. Herbs. Frances. chemist.: Chronica Botanica Co. Carol. Alice Recknagel. How to Landscape Your Grounds. The Art of Dyeing. Jr. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Hamel. Walter. J. 1976. Dorothy Bovee. 1971. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. New York: Macmillan. Shaker Herbs. Bernard Hickey. Harold N. How to Select. McFarland. 1959. New York: E. 1974. Boston. Early American Gardens. New York: Viking Press. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. 1974. Toronto: Little. Landscaping with Vines. 1981. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. New York: Harper & Bros. Myron. Sylva. 1975. 1972. Brown & Co. The Book of Spices. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Waltham. ed. Robert. New York: Macmillan.. and Synge. 1938. Lerner. and Back. New York: De La Mare. Howard. 1970. 1951. Roy. Miller. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Kiaer. Modern Herbal. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Pa.. Norma Jean.: Livingston Pub.Garland. George H. 1964. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. P. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Philippa. and Brunello. 1982. Paul B. Grow and Enjoy. Wynnewood. A. 1979. Division Billboard Publications.. Claire. Krauss. New York: William Morrow & Co. and Rice. Eleanour Sinclair.. 1971. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. London: Faber and Faber. 1973. Pozza. Vegetable Dyeing. Italy. Mass. Tucson: H.) Rohde. New York: Doubleday. Elizabeth. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Neri. 1978. Simmons. 1952. Leighton. Hendrickson. 1970. M. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Vicenza. 1981. Eigel. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Moldenke. New York: Clarkson N. P. Johnson. < previous page page_133 next page > . Co. A Biblical Garden. Loewenfeld. C. Johns. Alma.. Lesch. Jones. Rev. 1975. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Rosengarten. Mrs.
A. Hammond Crawford. Mrs. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.A. L. William T..L.A. Jack Emil Geist. Mrs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.. Webster. A.A. 1966. Zohary. John. 1965. Pees. Boerner. 1931. Lamm. 1979.A. W T. Ingersoll. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Henry Gund. Small Gardens Are More Fun. A. Neil Hamill Park. The Fragrant Garden. L.. Plimpton. Jo Lohmolder. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Mrs. New York: Dover. Lucile Teeter Kissack. T. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Rhoda Specht. Charles Patch. John Poinier. Martha Dahlen. Shrub Roses of Today. New ed.L. New York: Simon & Schuster. New York: St. Michael.A. 1953.A. Jr. Mrs. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Alfred L. Graham. Hale & Co.S. Thacker. L. . L. Louise Beebe. Mr. 1982. Bynam. Vera Breed. Mrs. Wilder. 1972. Rev. Bleecker. The Shakespeare Garden. New York. Susan W. Giroux. Campbell. C. W.. 1972. 1967. 1976. Madalene Hill. Indianapolis.D. 1974.. 1957. Mrs. 1953.R. Smith. 1979.. Revised by Dr. Martin's. Bates. L. Herbert G. John Ormsbee. London: Phoenix House. Maxton Davies. Mrs.The Old Shrub Roses. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Robert G. L. L. Moffit. Margaret Osborn Holt. Associate. Jr.A. Melissa R. Martin. Boston: Ralph T.A. Thomas. and Robert B.A. Building Stone Walls. Meyer. Price.. Winthrop G. 1942. Leonie. Mrs. Amy Bess Miller. New York: Simon & Schuster. Jr.. Mrs. George.. Bradner. George T. Mrs. Katherine S. H.. The Fragrant Year. L.A. Nelva M. Elizabeth Lawrence. Tarantino.A. ed. Mrs. Sherry D. Mrs. Esther. Weber. Mrs..A. F.. Linda. The History of Gardens. . Stearn. L. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.. Mrs. Mrs. Benjamin McF. ed. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.. Taylor.. Hines. Barbara Capen. Sandy Hicks. 1976.. New York. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand.. Helen Noyes. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook.. William Radler. Botanical Latin.A. Robert K.. Mrs.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. 1962. A. Cozart. and Mrs. Container Gardening Outdoors. New York: Hafner. Mrs. . William W. . New York: William Morrow & Co. Peter M. Austin R. Raymond V. Mrs. Stuart. New York: Farrar. New York: St. James C. Singleton. Herbs in the Garden. William C. Diane C. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Berkeley Brandt. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. and Bell. Marshall. L. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. William Y Dear.: Garden Way. Frank M. London: Phoenix House.. William T. Griffin.. A. Z. James D. 1979.A. Morss. Straus. Mrs. Charlotte. Yang. Vt. L. McGarry.A. New York: McGraw-Hill. Donald Paxton. Landscape Architecture. L. Christopher. 1975. Mrs. Wilson. 1961. Taloumis. Mrs. Martin's Press. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs. Stearn. Onward and Upward in the Garden. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. A. White. Vivian. L. Keebler. Norman. Climbing Roses Old and New. Fragrance in the Garden. 1972. Elisabeth W. Marion E. Virginia B. Plants of the Bible. Baker.S.L. Mrs. Gannaway. Paxton.A. Leonard Dreyfuss.S. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Graham Stuart. Malcolm.. Charles L. Philip Batchelder. L. New York: Doubleday. Bush.A..
Mr. Linda Yang.. Plain Dealer Photo. Christopher Rady. Milton C. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Western Reserve Herb Society. Ohio. Rose. Matthew Miksch House.Rady. Christopher Spencer.. Milton Stricker. Mrs. L.. Hancock. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mass. Wisc. James S. Milwaukee County Park Commission.A. Gayle. Greenland. Inc. L. The following provided historical. L. John A. Isadore L. Faith H... and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Old Salem.. civic. Nathan Sameth. G. Whitman. Mrs. Hancock Shaker Village. Walter Rebmann. Ga. Architect. Mrs. Lansing. Inc. N. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Kingwood Center. Mrs. Mich. Frederick E.. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Atlanta Historical Society. Joe H. Hales Corners.. Ohio. Eloise andJo Ray.. Harper. Pawtucket.. Tullie Smith House Restoration. N. Mrs. Mansfield. Atlanta. R. L. Jean Ruh. James F. Cleveland. Winston-Salem. Mrs.. Eric Duke Scott. Ann Arbor. Edmund G. Lawrence Schetky.I. Derthick. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America.. Weeks Brick House. Linda Yang. N. Ark. Smith (Ann Leighton).A. Joan E. University of Michigan. Shaker Community. Roberts. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. The Country Doctor Museum.. Skinner. and Mrs. Talbot III. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Timothy Procter Ruh.C. Mich. Little Rock.H. Semple. Michigan State University. Elbert Smith. Boerner Botanical Gardens.A. Swanson.. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Helen M. Booker Worthen. Old Slater Mill Museum. L. Mrs. Bailey.C. Mrs. Mrs. Wilcox..A.
Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Y smalliana Agrimonia. E. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. azoricum. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Myrrhis odorata. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Narcissus triandrus. A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. barbadensis A. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. maritima L. officinalis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. A. C. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis.
G. S. false Galium aristatum. P. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. V. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. M. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. podagraria Asparagus A. Monarda didyma Crataegus. officinalis Populus. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. P. grandiflorus Melissa M. acerifolium. ludoviciana var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. F. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. lycopersicum. laevis Rhododendron . V. melongena var. albula A. Solanum aculeatissimum S. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. officinalis. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Lamium album Viburnum. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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chrysantha Symphytum S. deltoides Campsis radicans. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. oleracea. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. coronaria . P. Mertensia virginica. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. B. alpina 'Alba' A. angustifolia. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. vulgaris A. M.
pseudonarcissus miniature N. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. V. macrocarpon. V. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. C. M. sativum R. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. B. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. ioensis Vaccinium. alpinum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . M. coronaria.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. alpinum R. Italian D Daffodil M. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. N. angustifolia. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. verna. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. maculatum G. B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea.
× luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Chrysanthemum frutescens. x superbum Hemerocallis. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. Ferocactus latispinus. T officinale Bellis. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. H. rivieri. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. D. crispus. obtusifolius Rumex R. frutescens C. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. lilioasphodelus H. A. R. Sansevieria. obtusifolius R. acetosa. triphyllum . lilioasphodelus. A. C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Hosta H.
arvensis. azoricum Nigella. N. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Helichrysum. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. N. pungens Sambucus S. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Senecio cineraria. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. ragusina. C. C. Lychnis coronaria. Gnaphalium. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . damascena. Centaurea cineraria.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. S. Antennaria. gymnocarpa.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
carica Corylus C. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.× germanica I. A. I. P. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. O. regalis Adiantum. L. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. Osmunda. versicolor. usitatissimum L. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. carica F. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. perenne . I.
× domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . Fumaria C. I. purpurea D. sylvatica Digitalis D. quercifolium P. sphaerocephalum A. odoratissimum P. × germanica Myosotis M. sativum var. Pelargonium. lutea Allium sativum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × limoneum P. neapolitanum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. grossularioides P radens P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × hortorum P. lanata D. scorodoprasum A. tuberosum A.
denticulatum P. capitatum P. chamaedrys T. canadense. × citrosum P. T. graveolens P. × jatrophifolium P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. A. Z. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. tomentosum P. canadense T. crispum P. pratensis . acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. officinale Z. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. scabrum P graveolens P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. × nervosum P. quercifolium P. Tragopogon. T. glutinosum. tomentosum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. abrotanifolium P. A. P.
trifolia Cordyline terminalis. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Oxalis deppei. Vitis monticola. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. nervosa V. torquata E. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. V. M. C.
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Pulmonaria . siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. L. triacanthos G. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. C. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. W. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. majalis Liriope. G. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Ophiopogon L. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lythrum.
A. tenuifolia T. alcea var. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T.blue M Mace. erecta T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. Malva. Malva. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. pedatum Hibiscus. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. erecta T. grandiflora M. M. C. lucida . M. patula Calendula officinalis T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. erecta T.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. majorana O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. × piperita var. major. onites O. citrata M. A. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. odorata Achillea millefolium. vulgare O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. requienii M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . vulgare O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. crispii M. citrata. R. citrata M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. Spiraea alba. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. Astrantia. citrata M. dictamnus O. O. × piperita var. majorana O. aquatica var. S. suaveolens M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. piperita var.
Umbellularia californica. rubra M. lactiflora Morus M. Azolla caroliniana. alba Verbascum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. vulgaris A. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. M. × gentilis M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Myrrhis odorata. thapsus V. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. communis. Myrtus. olympicum. V. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. A. V.
album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. poeticus N. L. nudum.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. minus T. V. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. P. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . majus T. V. tazetta Tropaeolum T. album L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.
C. cepa.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fistulosum A. telephium Iris × germanica var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Castilleja californica. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. Proliferum Group A. fragrans Allium. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. A. florentina. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. fragrans O. Scilla verna. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. I. fistulosum Atriplex. O. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. cepa A. S. hortensis A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. vulgare var. cepa.
× wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum var. A. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. crispum P. patens. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. lactiflora P lactiflora P. A. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.
annuum. annuum. C. retroflexus. Conoides Group Capsicum. Grossum Group C. frutescens C. annuum. C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. Longum Group C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Piper C. Chenopodium. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. annuum. C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. annuum. C. P frutescens Catharanthus. roseus C. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. C. Longum Group cone green C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. A. paniculata P.
gratianopolitanus D. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. × paradisiaca. officinalis Dianthus D. nigra P strobus P taeda P. taeda Chimaphila. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. americana . major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius D. plumarius. umbellata var. C. C. umbellata var. Prunus japonica. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. alpinus D. P salicina P angustifolia. M. taeda P. watsonii P maritima P. caryophyllus D. Plantago P. P. Silene laciniata. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. angustifolia var.
californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. vulgare Lithospermum. Liriodendron tulipifera P. E. L. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. biennis P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. balsamifera P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. P. S.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. rhoeas P. 0.
pepo Portulaca. A. sativum var. rhabarbarum R.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. R. coccineum C. C. P. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. C. Hesperis . pepo C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. canadensis C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. Diplotaxis. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris.
roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. × harisonii R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. moschata .dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana R. R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana Kerria. chinensis 'Minima' R. damascena 'Bifera' R. spinosissima R. gallica R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. canina R. × borboniana R. laevigata R. Rosa chinensis R. sativa Rosa R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia R. Rubus coronarius R. canina. banksiae R. damascena R.
Rosmarinus. greggii S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis S. officinalis Limonium R. clevelandii S. rugosa R. × rehderana R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. pitcheri S. Salvia hierosolymitana . tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. microphylla S. sclarea S. caerula. R. S. angustissimus R. azurea subsp. guaranitica S. setigera R.
chamaecyparissus S. maritimum E. neapolitana S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. S. P. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. marilandica Amelanchier . virens. hebecarpa. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. guaranitica S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. T. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. A. S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. C. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. montana Scabiosa S. leucophylla S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. Salicornia. chamaecyparissus S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. S. elegans S. viridis S. leucantha S.
A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria. coggygria C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. C. nivalis Lamium album. V. G. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. coggygria Cotinus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. biflorum . Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. P. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. americana. P. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. C.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa.
H. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. V. Ornithogalum arabicum. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. R. pyrenaicum. patulum. scutatus R. E. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. japonica Sorbaria. S.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. L. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . O. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. crassipes O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. officinalis thyme-leaved V. H. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. O. acetosa. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St.
incana M. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. chiloensis F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. T vulgare T. crispum T. floridus Philadelphus . vesca F. vulgare var. vulgare var. incana M. C. O. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vesca F. dracunculus var. M. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. O.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. perennis.
Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. A. praecox subsp. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Clear Gold' T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. 'Argenteus' T. arcticus T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. maritima Thymus. pallasianus T. laevigata Eupatorium. marianum S. benedictus. T. phaenopyrum C. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. sylvestris D.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. praecox T. E. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. marianum S. Silybum marianum S. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. × citriodorus T.
L. noli-tangere. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. radicans Bignonia capreolata. lycopersicum L. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. P. peruviana P. cerasiforme. sanctum O.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. lycopersicum var. C. Coreopsis Linaria. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. P. Physalis peruviana L. I. alata Lycopersicon. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. sanctum Tulipa T. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . pruinosa. lycopersicum var. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens.
Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. odorata V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. odorata V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. cornuta 'Alba' V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta V. C. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. caeruleum Clematis. P. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. caprea . C. Chimaphila. canina. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V.
Corydalis sempervirens A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. gmelinii A. W. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. I. Vanilla barbellata A. verticillata Chimaphila. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. annua A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. S. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. caprea.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. V. frigida A. Gaultheria procumbens. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. pontica. nudum Isatis I. ambrosioides Artemisia. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. absinthium A. camphorata A. Stachys .
C. simplicissima Cladrastis. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. ageratum A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. lutea. filipendulina A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. millefolium A. vomitoria I. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. × media 'Hicksii' T. X. I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T.
maidenhair fern. lion's tail anise hyssop. blue giant hyssop. foeniculum Agave A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. alpinus Aconitum A. butter-print. napellus Acorus A. monkshood flowering maple. theophrasti Acacia A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow. h. fragrant g. yarrow sneezeweed. millefolium A. sanguinary. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A.. parlor m. pedatum Agastache A. nose-bleed. five-finger f. h. Indian mallow China jute. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. longifolia Achillea A. taygetea A. fourcroydes sweet flag. thousand-seal. fennel g. monkshood helmut flower. cana A.. breviflora A. calamus Adiantum A. ageratum A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin.. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. maidenhair American maidenhair.
schnittlauch giant garlic . alpina A. reptans Alcea A. fistulosum A. Spanish o. tree o. hemp plant agrimony. sisalana Agrimonia A. ciboule. karataviense A. christophii A. githago Ajuga A. two-bladed o. giganteum A. neapolitanum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. cive. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o.. flowering o. Rosenbachianum A. purple c. Pulchellum A.. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. lily leek daffodil garlic. schoenoprasum A. sisal hemp. sativum A. garlic rocambole. flavum A. sativum var. Japanese bunching o. scorodoprasum A. vulgaris Allium A.A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. senescens var. ophioscorodon A. moly A. serpent garlic chive. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A.. cocklebur. ostrowskianum A.. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. rosea Alchemilla A.
officinarum Anchusa A. archangel. pulsatilla Anethum A. shad. hupehensis var. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. barbadensis Aloysia A. officinalis Anemone A. Barbados a. Oriental garlic . round-headed garlic Chinese chive.glaucum A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. garlic c. tinctoria Anthriscus A. juneberry. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. bugloss windflower. bugloss alkanet. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. triphylla Althaea A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. blanda A. canadensis Amsonia A. shadbush. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. officinalis Amaranthus A. cerefolium chervil angelica. marschalliana A.. tuberosum Aloe A. medicinal a.. white m. sphaerocephalum A. japonica A.. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. Curasao a. caudatus Amelanchier A.
alpina 'Alba' A.Apium A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens var. graveolens A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . chrysantha A.
tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. frigida A. arborescens A. triphyllum A. asarabacca wild ginger. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. maritima Armoracia A. old man southernwood absinthe. lactiflora A. gmelinii A. dracontium A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. kinnikinick. mugwort. stewardsonii Armeria A. hog cranberry. sativa A. creashak green-dragon. canadense A. dracunculus var. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. albula A. bear's grape. virginicum bearberry. triphyllum subsp. wormwood southernwood. camphorata A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mealberry. sea pink thrift. sandberry. Ludoviciana var. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. mountain box. pink or white horseradish. annua A. pontica A. europaeum A. red cole sagebrush. rusticana Artemisia A.
nivea Borago B. tuberosa Asparagus A. B. wild indigo. rocket. talewort. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. hortensis B Baptista B. upland cress winter cress. China grass borage borage. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. rattleweed winter cress. wild blue i. mountain spinach false indigo. c. halimus A. papyrifera Boehmeria B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. tinctoria Barbarea B. orach sea orach. pleurisy root. major Atriplex A. australis B. s. i. officinalis Astrantia A. c. s. ruby s. silkweed. plains f. vulgaris Bellis B. Chinese silk plant. vulgaris. c. mustard . ruby s. jaundice berry. piprage beet swiss chard. saltbush orach. wild indigo blue false indigo.Asclepias A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. cool-tankard cole. perennis Berberis B. tuberroot. butterfly flower butterfly weed. garden o. c. yellow r. vulgaris Beta milkweed. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush...
microphylla var. carpatica C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. eruca B. koreana B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B.B. microphylla 'Nana' B. pineapple s.. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.. officinalis Calycanthus C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. strawberry s. white-flowered k. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. grandiflora Calendula C. sempervirens B. floridus Campanula C.
o. red p. p.. crown plant trumpet creeper. s. cow-itch. o. o. o. p. o. C. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. trumpet vine... sweet pepper. p. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. p. p. p. green p. < previous page page_147 next page > . green p. pimento sweet pepper s. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. o. rapunculus Campsis C. p. persicifolia C. chili p.. p. bell p. p. o. s. trumpet flower. o.C. s.
safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. capsicum p.. marilandica Catharanthus C. cristata Cercis C.. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud.. celandine celandine turtlehead.. snakehead . shellbark h. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. Madagascar periwinkle. illinoinensis C. bastard s. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C.. tinctorius Carum C.. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. frutescens Carthamus C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. senna.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. Tabasco p. deodara Celosia C. majus Chelone cayenne p. carvi Carya C. Tabasco-sauce p. canariensis Cedrus C. red p. ovata Cassia C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. nobile Chelidonium C. chili p. garden c. Russian c. false saffron.
C. Meyer 1. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy.. leather flower. leather flower. cinerariifolium C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. umbellata Chionanthus C. glabra Chenopodium C. botrys Chimaphila C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. fat hen ambrosia.. rattletop black cohosh. ladanifer Citrus C. parthenium C. pigweed Mexican tea. wax flower. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. feather geranium. intybus Cimicifuga C. ambrosioides C. balsamita C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. lutea Clematis C. crispus C. alecost pyrethrum. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. frutescens C. barbe-de-capuchin. leucanthemum C. devil's-darning- .. virginiana balmony goosefoot. coccineum C.. dwarf 1. Robert Brydon' C. Chinese dwarf 1. old-man's-beard costmary. wormseed. Spanish t. × superbum Cichorium C. American w. racemosa Cistus C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. mint geranium. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Dalmatia p. red-leaved chicory bugbane. × jouiniana 'Mrs. virgin's bower. pyrethum. virgilia virgin's bower. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. wintergreen. bonus-henricus C.
cneorum Coptis C. majalis Convolvulus C. sativum Cornus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. arkansana C. ambigua C. florida Corylus C. laevigata C. smokebush smoke tree. avellana Cotinus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . apiculatus Crataegus C. orientalis Convallaria C. red haw hawthorn English h.needle Cnicus C. peregrina Consolida C. thorn. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. Venetian sumac. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. autumnale Comptonia C.. benedictus Coix C. thorn apple. trifolia Coreopsis C. smoke plant. Chinese parsley dogwood. tinctoria Coriandrum C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. quick-set. smokebush.
C. speciosus 'Albus' C. sempervirens Cydonia C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. scoparius C.. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . angustifolius C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. speciosus C. gracilis Dianthus D.. sieberi C. citratus Cytisus C. × allwoodii D. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. sativus C. West Indian 1. kotschyanus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. maritimum Crocus C.
purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. carnation. grandiflora D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. lanata D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. pardalianches E Echeveria E. × imbricata Echium clove pink. burning bush. sylvestris Doronicum D. sativus D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss .< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. gas plant.
epimedium barrenwort. J.. S. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. Japanese medlar. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. perfoliatum E. viridis Epimedium E. japonica Eryngium E. arvense E. sea eryngo California poppy C. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. ironbark. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. jacinth. californica Eucalyptus E. pungens Eleocharis E. plum eryngo sea holly. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. rugosum v. sea holm. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. Australian gum. blueweed. hyemale Eranthis E. dulcis Endymion E. b. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. gum tree.E. poppy eucalypt. torquata Euonymus E.
vulgare F. alpine s. assafoetida Ficus F. imperialis Fumaria F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. vulgaris Foeniculum F.s. finocchio. ulmaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. a. a. chiloensis F.s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare F. vulgare var. major Fragaria F. sow-teat s. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.s.Euphorbia E. a. cyparissias F Ferula F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vulgare subsp.
mock p.. teaberry. our-lady's-b. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. woodwaxen. cleavers white bedstraw. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. jasminoides Gaultheria G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck.. robertianum Glechoma G. Capejasmine wintergreen. mollugo G. odoratum G. alumroot herb Robert. nivalis Galium G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. checkerberry. spotted c. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. dyer's greenweed. false baby's-breath woodruff. honey locust.. Carolina yellow j. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. tinctoria Geranium G. mountain tea. vernalis H. virginiana Hedeoma H.F. germanica G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. verum Gardenia G. ground ivy. woodroof yellow bedstraw... sweet w. maculatum G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. field balm. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. wild c. gardenia. hexapetala G Galanthus G. hederacea Gleditsia G. triacanthos Gossypium G. Carolina jasmine G. runaway robin. red Robin .
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cannabinus H. bimlipatum j. × luteola Herniaria H. Indian hemp. foetidus H. corsicus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. orientalis Hemerocallis H. glabra Hesperis H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. curry plant false licorice. Hawaiian h. mallow.. garland 1. licorice plant heliotrope. arborescens Helleborus H. turnsole heliotrope. rose-of-China. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. lilioasphodelus H. flavescens Helenium H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. lemon d. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.. Deccan h. niger H.. Chinese hibiscus. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. matronalis Hibiscus H. daylily . blacking plant plantain lily. bimli j.. sweet r.. atrorubens H. angustifolium H. bastard jute. lividus subsp.. rose m. giant m. hibiscus kenaf. Deckaner h. China rose.. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily.
paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. I. crenata var..H. perforatum Hyssopus H. horned h. navelwort gotu kola St. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. quercifolia Hydrastis H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. rose h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. lupulus Hydrangea H. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. asiatica Hypericum H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. European h.-John's-wort St. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. box-leaved h. white h. . patulum 'Sungold' H. orangeroot. Burford's holly Japanese holly.
touch-me-not jewelweed. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. pseudacorus Isatis I.. virginiana red cedar jasmine. capensis Indigofera I. helenium Ipomoea I. florentina I. maculata J Jasminum J. J. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. yellow flag. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. crested dwarf i. chinensis var. snapweed. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. cristata I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. African corn lily corn lily orris. alba Iris I. tinctoria Ixia I. tinctoria Inula I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam.. wilsonii Impatiens I. 'Great Lakes' I. woad dyer's woad. × germanica var. water f. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . horizontalis creeping j.I. crested i. opaca I. glabra I. jewelweed. spotted t. vomitoria 'Nana' I.. officinale Juniperus J.
maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. paradise p. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. angustifolia L. plume plant. indica Lamium L. plume flower. king'scrown L Lactuca L. sweet bay laurel. dentata L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia subsp. n. white d. dentata var. album L. maculatum L. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L.Justicia water willow J. flamingo p. d. dumb nettle. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. carnea Brazilian-plume.. brandegeana shrimp plant J. n... bay.
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. lovage privet. muscari Lobelia L. benzoin Linum L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. sativum Leucojum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. pepperwort. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. aestivum Levisticum L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. marsh rosemary.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. blue cardinal flower . usitatissimum Liriope L.. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. perenne L. candidum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. summer s. officinale Ligustrum L. hedge plant privet.
. gypsywort. coronaria 'Alba' L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. grandiflora M. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. penny f. maritima L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. honesty. money plant.L. campion. annua Lychnis L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. lycopersicum var. flava L. catchfly mullein pink. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. sempervirens Lunaria L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. vulgaris Lythrum L. europaeus Lysimachia L. satin flower honesty. moonwort. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. virginiana sweet alyssum. lycopersicum var. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. coronaria L. coral h. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. silver-dollar. cordata Magnolia M. stellata M.
aquatica M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. bluebells. bergamot m. alcea var. Virginia b.. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. imperial stock balm lemon b. bee b. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. stock stock. × piperita var.. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.. b. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. fastigiata Marrubium M. pulegium M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. longifolia M. holly g. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. vulgare Matthiola M.. Scotch m. holly barberry. × gentilis M. apple m. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. Virginia c. incanum M. curly m. sweet b.Mahonia M. officinalis Mentha M. gillyflower. 'Eau de Cologne' M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. requienii M. × piperita M. American crab. lungwort bluebells.. pineapple m. Oregon g. pennyroyal Corsican m. Brampton stock. angustifolia M.. holly mahonia. incana Melissa M. white h. mountain g. citrata M. menthella.. lemon m. musk m. horsemint . cowslip. hupehensis Malva M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. blue barberry apple.. 'Guiding Star' M..
communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. anise. Greek myrtle. sylvatica Myrica M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. Manila hemp forget-me-not. pensylvanica Myrrhis M.. white bee balm pink b. Swedish m. pink b. fistulosa var. red m. fistulosa M. winter purslane. American m. b. Oswego tea. white b.M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. b. citriodora M. swamp c. candleberry. sweet cicely. odorata Myrtus M. banana abaca. menthifolia M. punctata Montia M. textilis Myosotis M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. myrrh.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
hackmatack. nepalensis P. persica Pteridium P. Americana P. Jerusalem sage. Jerusalem cowslip white p. balsam p. widdy shrubby c.. vulgaris Prunus P. hardy orange poplar. pensylvanica P. aspen. domestica P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. all-heal salad burnet. cowslip self-heal self-heal. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. tacamahac cinquefoil. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. angustifolia P. veris Prunella P. sand p. five-finger shrubby c. golden hardhack. sieboldii 'Alba' P. lungwort blue 1.. pasture b. heal-all. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead.Poncirus P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . elatior P. hog-pasture b. trifoliata Populus P.. maritima P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. granatum Pyrus P. brake. brake bracken.
pilewort mignonette weld. chinensis 'Minima' R. typhina Ribes R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. ficaria Reseda R. alpinum R. cabbage r. mountain c. sweetbrier French r. garden r. pie plant. small c. brier r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. gooseberry alpine c. × borboniana R. pygmy r. eglanteria R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. sativum Rosa R. gallica damask r. moss r. eglantine.. autumn damask r.Quercus Q. red currant. dyer's rocket rhubarb. moss r. dog r.. China r. rose. 'Cinderella' R. York-and-Lancaster r. crowfoot lesser celandine. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. banksiae R.... fairy r. dog b. purshiana Rheum R. . sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. canina R. stellata R Ranunculus R. luteola Rhamnus R. brier Banksia r.. Bourbon r. garden c.
'Officinalis' R. golden p. wichuraiana R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. French sorrel rue . Turkestan r. spinosissima R. tinctorum Rubus R. hirta Rumex R. musk r. dock s. Scotch r. rugosa R. Japanese r.. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. polyantha r. × harisonii R.. Harison's yellow r. chinquapin r. Cherokee r. rosemary pine-scented r. garden sorrel broad dock. laevigata R.. obtusifolius R. 'Schneezwerg' R. sorrel. snowdwarf memorial r. roxburghii R. × rehderana R. setigera R. madder bramble blackberry. chestnut r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. acetosa R. burnet r. rosemary white r. climbing r. prostrate rosemary. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. climbing r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. prairie r. moschata R. r.. bitter d. angustissimus R.
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greggii S. golden g. microphylla S. guaranitica S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. osier goat willow. caprea Salvia S. American e. purple variegated garden s. clevelandii S. viridis Sambucus S. argentea S. pussy willow sage. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. leucantha S. bloodroot red puccoon. elderberry American e. caerula S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. s. clary annual clary elder. Mexican bush s. canadensis willow. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. bloodroot rue . involucrata S. garden s. purple sage baby sage garden sage. sclarea S. purple g. elegans S. s. gray sage. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. variegated garden s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. leucophylla S.
chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.Sanguisorba S. live-forever houseleek. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. morganianum S. officinalis Sassafras S. neapolitana S. live-forever houseleek. jasminoides S. good-luck plant. Mary's t. virens Saponaria S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. orpine donkey's tail orpine. melongena var. tectorum Silybum S. roof h. trifasciata Santolina S. pincushion flower pincushions. blessed t. hemp plant snake plant. lucky plant. pinnata S. skirret potato vine eggplant. hen-and-chickens. marianum Sium S. milk t. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory.. hortensis S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious.. sisarum Solanum S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. sweet s. mourning-bride stonecrop. albidum Satureja S. devil's tongue.. St. atropurpurea Sedum S. mad apple .. telephium Sempervivum S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. canadensis Sansevieria S.
. lutea Stokesia S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. officinale S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. woundwort lamb's-ears. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. byzantina S. grandiflora S.. californica Sorbaria S. hedge nettle. laciniata Persian lilac S. americana Stachys S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. patula melongene. Aztec m. laevis Symphytum S. × persica var. lilac . comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. vulgaris 'Addie V. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. officinale Syringa S. erecta marigold African m. reticulata var. big m.
culinary golden lemon t. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T.. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. dense y. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. yew conical y. wood sage germander dwarf.T. . lucida T. canadense T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. vulgare var. fruticans T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. sweet mace French m. vulgare T.. lemon t. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. carnosus T. tansy tansy. signet m. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. 'Broad-leaf English' T. dwarf m. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. procumbent g. filifolia T. germander American g. occidentalis Thymus T. upright y. 'Argenteus' T. marum Thuja T. officinale Taxus T. columnar y. crispum Taraxacum T..
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wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. nummularius T. crimson c. creeping t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. nitidus T. doerfleri T. lemon t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. herba-barona T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. glabrescens T. praecox subsp.. t. pallasianus T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T.. leucotrichus T. . caraway t. praecox T. woolly thyme creeping t. odorus t. not culinary French t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. t. zygis Torenia T. lanatum Trifolium T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. confederatej. serpyllum T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. romero clover red clover star jasmine. red c. wishbone flower. pratensis Trichostema T. richardii subsp. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.
Indian cress dwarf n. olympicum V. speedwell.Tropaeolum T. tall n. farfara U Urginea U. blueberry. officinalis Verbascum V. mullein mullein. water-lily t. flannel plant. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. velvet p. laevifolium Valeriana V. species t. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. nettle stinging n. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. serpyllifolia nasturtium. early. kaufmanniana T.. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. . squill. tarda T. maritima Urtica U. canadensis Tulipa T. 'Blizzard' T. angustifolium var. officinalis V. minus Tsuga T. bitter Indian garden n.. 'General de Wet' T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. 'Sweet Harmony' T. clusiana T. cranberry. tawny orange t. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. blattaria V. red s. thapsus Veronica V. majus T. huckleberry. dioica V Vaccinium V. pale yellow Darwin t.
stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. possum haw . sheepberry. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. cassinoides V. withe-rod vetiver. acerifolium V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. heartsease. khus-khus. viola white viola blue viola teaberry.Vetiveria V. arrowwood.. carlesii V. violet dog violet horned v. running m. maple-leaved viburnum. zizanioides Viburnum V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. × wittrockiana Vitis V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. canina V... wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. minor Viola V. sweet h. nannyberry. heartsease pansy. tricolor V. lesser p. myrtle. ladies-delight. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. prunifolium Vinca V.
Adam's-needle. Canton g.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. ginger. needle palm < previous page page_155 .