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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

build it. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. This they did. and the publisher. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. With false starts and honest stops. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. Ginny had done some writing. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. carefully chosen. and I have had the pleasure of advising. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Then. wheedling. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. especially poetry. The turning point came when. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. bereft of hope. responded with delight. for they had no model and no guide. punching.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. pushing. more of them exist to serve as examples. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. whether all their labor was to no avail. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. and record every detailall of the failures. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. alterations. successes. seven years ago. with sparkling enthusiasm. Again they revised. This was not to be. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Their energy and charm caught me up. It needs no sequel. and the experience provided the final section of the book.

but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. We. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Italics are always used for botanical names. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. To achieve this. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. we completed a test garden.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. while others were prepared by landscape designers. without accompanying commentary. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. and educational purpose. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. by their owners. Some of these were created by landscape architects. specialty. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. . Not all plants used are herbs. the authors. Likewise. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. former generic names. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. The herb garden designs alone. although countless common names exist. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. or by contributors. A range of essential factors is considered herein. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. 1969 and 1980. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. English thyme. historical interest. degree of maintenance required. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. rather. and these are capitalizedfor example. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume.

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We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Isaacson. A lecturer on herbs. and Joanna Reed. has given us valuable information. Alice Skelsey.D. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. too. Weatherhead. Finally. Rady. librarian. which made possible the completion of our text. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . former director of same. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Lee Buss. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. and August Frugé. Alexander Apanius. Nell Neff. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. president. always encouraging us to stay with our project. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. His assistant. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. M.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former managing editors. Herbert J. and Elizabeth Bryce. Trudi Bela. have also been of assistance. as expediter and typist. Betty Rea. and Rexford Talbert. Special thanks are due James C. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. The late Raymond C. Jo Lohmolder. has been especially helpful over the years. Richard T. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Susan Frugé. Swanson and Robert B. Keebler and the late Everest P. Eleanor Gambee. Genevieve Jyurovat. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Recognition is due Robert B. We are grateful to many. Derthick. FAITH H. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Wanda Ritchie. past presidents. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. She has served. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature.. and the horticulturist.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. and structures. or an abandoned. partially excavated area. some of which are evergreen. the north point will have been indicated. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. In order to create a fine garden design.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Perennial herbs. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. temples of worship. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. new ways of seeing. and hedges will have been located. If no . They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. not at all difficult to maintain. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. lay out a plan of the property. a front dooryard. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. As one constantly reinforces the other. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Its interest is independent of flowers. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. As Henry Beston reflects. to increase the value of the property. "Not difficult to plan. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base." A good design does not "happen. and decisions must not be left to chance. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. new plants. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. fences.

Here. measurements are in engineer's scale.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges. fences. < previous page page_2 next page > .

A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. to locate the house. and the driveway. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. Here. too. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. A deed description. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Next.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Other areas may require a smaller scale. The object is to . measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. In the absence of a survey map. other significant structures. but with all needed information. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. such as the one illustrated here. too. In this example. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. measurements are in engineer's scale. will give the lot or acreage measurements. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. measure to locate the house.

Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. shrubs. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. and unusual land features noted. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. < previous page page_3 next page > .create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. enclosures. triangleof inexpensive plastic. The smaller the scale. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. paths. and parallel lines. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. driveway. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. The tools needed for drawing are few. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. lines at an angle. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden.

" an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. or summer kitchen is ideal. However. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. and holly. greenhouse. With the plan on paper. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . iron. gazebo. A toolhouse. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. In the absence of a structure. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. bayberry. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. garage. brick. In the designs that follow. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. old smokehouse. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. One basic rule is the higher the wall. yew. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Upkeep. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. and stone. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. In some cases. and hedges of hemlock.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. bricks. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. as in outdoor room dividers. . keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. When this reinforcement is understated. so give them much thought. gray surfaces are found. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. if wood is the material of choice. landscape timbers. Allow adequate room within the row. however. If desired. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Stone. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. the garden design is most attractive. At first. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Gates are part of the enclosure. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Stained. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. holly. annual painting is a necessity. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. elegant box. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. deeply evergreen. and their styles are countless. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. box. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Equally important is proportion. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. such as bayberry. Styles are legion. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. railroad ties. and rosemary. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. for reinforcing the design. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. for example. Lower cost is an advantage. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. or pressure-treated lumber. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Generally. as an example. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. they can be made to order. If used. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. yew. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. When used with a hedge. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Brick is the all-time favorite material. or. Where air circulation is much needed. painted. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. In some climates. but the results will confirm this course. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. it will seem too sparsely planted. a temporary garden that may be changed later. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. some deciduous and some evergreen. cut stones. whether it will be rocks. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Rosemary. For example. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Whatever the reason. or natural. too.

awkward and unsafe. there is a necessary. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser.Steps When constructing steps. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. Conversely.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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cost. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. A width of four feet allows room for turning. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. for example. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. or red. their use no less than comfortable. Paths must be ample. Step materials need not be the same as. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. If groups are walking through. making the design more evident. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. the greater the tread. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. . These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. however. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. too. Access paths. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. and maintenance. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. There are. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. The colors are various: terracotta. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. because they are just that. but should be compatible with. rosy pink. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. appearance. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.

prepare a planting plan for each. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. and many good references are available. shrubs. serviceberry.) To avoid having a slippery surface. This. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . they should not shade the herbs too much. If the garden is made up of separate beds. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. shad Malus coronaria. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. When they mature. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. a result being hazardous footing. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. bark or pine needles can be used. or trees to be considered. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. is an enjoyable experience. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. They are easily renewed as they break down. a soft-lead pencil in hand. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. too. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. With these recommendations in mind. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier.

Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. noting well their growth habits. it is easily read and easily erased.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. lemon thyme. It needs. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. such as the one illustrated here. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Artifacts As with other gardens. for example. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Sept. or whatever is best in your case. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. however. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. 'Mount Hood daff. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. too. for example. one-half inch equals one foot. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. a focal point is customarily used. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. Do use a soft-lead pencil. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . whether they are invasive or tall growing. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Often this center of interest is a sundial.

R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. It is then in scale with its frame. a niche of its own should be created. the height of a fence to the house. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. < previous page page_9 next page > . Again. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. If a statue less than life-size is used.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

Except for two.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. For easy reference. that of good proportion. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. the designs have a decorative north point. However. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a stylized drawing of an ovary.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Ocimum basilicum. summer 23. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. A. 1. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 6. dill cerasiforme. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Allium 11. which is used here in relation to a garage. rose 24.Poterium sanguisorba. Foeniculum vulgare.Lavandula savory angustifolia.Origanum majorana. fennel 2.Thymus praecox subsp. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Galium odoratum. 7. The first number in each planting area is the key number.A. 21. 3.S. 22. Landscape Architect. lemon balm . a fence. 14. salad burnet 12.Lobularia maritima. The rules of symmetry are observed. 5. 16. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Viola tricolor.Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja montana. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. 26. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. bee balm 13. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. 4. With color and texture considered for contrast. sweet 25.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. lemon 15.L. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis. Lavenders accent the front corners. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Satureja hortensis. lovage 17. sativa. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. arcticus 27. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. or other structure.

8. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. chive 18. Greek 28. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Salvia officinalis. dwarf garden 20. costmary 'Albus'.Petroselinum crispum var. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Porrum Group. leek 9. 19. Pelargonium × limoneum.Origanum heracleoticum. curly parsley 10.

lemon verbena 21. . 9. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Monarda didyma. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 13. as was done here.Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium graveolens. 18.Lavandula angustifolia. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Poterium sanguisorba. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. French tarragon 2. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. curly parsley sativa. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. fennel English lavender geranium 4. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja hortensis. 12. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. Petroselinum crispum var.Allium schoenoprasum. bush basil 3.Pelargonium tomentosum. 11.Aloysia triphylla. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Rosmarinus officinalis. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. rose 19. 1. 17. white 20. summer 10.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. perhaps overgrown with weeds.

sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Galium odoratum.salad burnet 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Rosa eglanteria. 16.Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana. eglantine 23. 14.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > . sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme dill 8.

Allium schoenoprasum. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. spearmint 16. Origanum heracleoticum. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.S. dill 2. Even in limited space. Then the design might need to be expanded. The garden is conveniently located. English thyme Greek oregano 4. however. lemon thyme 10.Salvia officinalis. . The image would soon give way to other considerations.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 13. A.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Levisticum officinale. sativa. 9. Origanum majorana. 7. The number in each planting area is the key number. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. lovage 15. garden sage 8. however.Chionanthus virginicus.Petroselinum crispum. sweet marjoram 3.Thymus × citriodorus. 1. still observing a scale. parsley 5.Artemisia dracunculus var. Japanese yew 17.A. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Mentha spicata. making the beds larger and the paths wider. and the plan could be used at a front door. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. summer savory 11.L.Taxus cuspidata.Satureja hortensis. salad burnet 14.

Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.6. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

Primula vulgaris.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. Monarda didyma.Stachys byzantina.L. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. summer 21. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. The long. 9. Viola odorata. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Digitalis grandiflora. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. The number in each planting area is the key number. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Christmas fern 5. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. hop sativa. 32. A.Allium ampeloprasum. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. Landscape Architect. 7. sweet violet 16. 8. lemon thyme 28.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus × citriodorus. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.S. yellow 29.Humulus lupulus. 18.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . salad 20. lavender marjoram 2.Artemisia dracunculus var. Dictamnus albus. 6. fraxinella 15. Jacob's-ladder 3.Pulmonaria officinalis. the challenge is obvious. fennel 19. This is an intimate garden. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Origanum majorana. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.Asarum canadense. 25. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Teucrium chamaedrys. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 1. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. 33. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. wild ginger 27.Polystichum acrostichoides. cinnamon fern 4.Polemonium reptans. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 31. 13.A.Convallaria majalis. bee balm 14.Osmunda cinnamomea. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. blue lungwort 26. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. garden sage 17. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. leek Foeniculum vulgare. 30.

winter savory 24.Galium verum. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Satureja montana.Galium odoratum.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Buxus microphylla var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.lilac 10.Korean box 11. crispum. 35. curly parsley mountain ash 12. sweet 34. Canada hemlock Standard'. yellow bedstraw 23.Petroselinum crispum var.savory germander Willmott'. French thyme woodruff koreana.Sorbus americana.Tsuga canadensis. French'.

garden sage 20. this design can be an inspiration. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. One of the beds. lemon verbena 2. 1." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. neapolitanum.Origanum heracleoticum. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.Aloysia triphylla. dill 10. To be placed near the kitchen. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Rumex scutatus. Italian parsley . Even so. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Petroselinum crispum var. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. geometric design.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. It is a pleasing.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Salvia officinalis. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. 19. Surprisingly. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. it became part of the patio.

English thyme bush basil 8.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.3. garlic chive 26. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . crispum. sweet 13.Ocimum basilicum 12. chervil marjoram 21. curly parsley 22. borage 'Purpurascens'.Satureja montana.Borago officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. salad 15.Artemisia dracunculus var.Anthriscus cerefolium. Alpine strawberry 7.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon basil 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. French tarragon 5.Origanum majorana. summer savory 23.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 16.Satureja hortensis.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium tuberosum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Melissa officinalis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. sweet 18. winter savory 24. purple basil 4.Myrrhis odorata. sweet 14.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Ocimum basilicum. basil sativa. chive 25. lemon balm cicely 6.17.

Thymus × citriodorus. it is an unusual. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. geometric design. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. winter 21. the work paths could be eliminated. purple basil 4.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary 3. gray . green santolina 12.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. To increase the planting area. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. scented-leaf geranium 2.Hyssopus officinalis. The center beds here were established in this way. Created in an orderly way. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. so. it is full of interesting angles.Satureja montana. English lavender 10. 19. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. too.Galium odoratum.Santolina virens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet 13. sweet cicely 23. English thyme lemon thyme 11. 1. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears 20.C. blue 22. D.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. 14.Pelargonium in variety. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. As a whole.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Myrrhis odorata.

camphor-scented wormwood 8.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Artemisia abrotanum. American southernwood holly 17.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Ilex opaca. classic myrtle 9.Salvia officinalis.Dianthus caryophyllus. 25. horehound24.Myrtus communis. silver mound artemisia 18. germander 16. French thyme santolina 15. clove pink 7.Teucrium chamaedrys.6.Artemisia camphorata.

The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. English lavender 6. Ocimum basilicum. lemon balm 22.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. blue hyssop 2.Artemisia dracunculus var. Job's tears 11.Tanacetum vulgare.Borago officinalis. Sometimes space is limited.Chamaemelum .Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Lavandula angustifolia. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. French tarragon 14. Galium odoratum.Calendula officinalis. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Achillea millefolium. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. sweet woodruff 5. sweet basil 4. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. Its arrow points north and. Coix lacryma-jobi. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. This center of interest is of particular note. arcticus 21. tansy 25. absinthe 26. yarrow 12. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. casts the shadow for the hour. pot marigold 24.Hyssopus officinalis. this herb garden is secluded.Artemisia absinthium. borage 23.Satureja montana. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. purple basil 3. sativa. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. rosemary 15. which adds its impression of warmth. gray santolina 13. too. winter savory 16.

Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. marjoram pecan 10.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium in variety.Origanum vulgare. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Chrysanthemum balsamita. comfrey20. costmary 'Albus'. white creeping thyme nobile. variegated garden sage 8.Origanum majorana.7.Symphytum officinale. garden sage 19. chive 18.Syringa. chamomile 17.Carya illinoinensis. Salvia elegans. pineapplescented sage 9. scented-leaf 27. wild marjoram 28. sweet 29. Salvia officinalis.

< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. When controlled in this way.Ipomoea alba. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. dill 20. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Artemisia dracunculus var. sunken into the ground. French sorrel 21. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. sativa. true ginger16. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Teucrium chamaedrys.Apium graveolens. parsley 17. garlic Levisticum officinale. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 4. horehound 33. Anthriscus cerefolium.Allium schoenoprasum. 29. rue 31.Satureja hortensis. lovage 22. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 34. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm 35. summer 32. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 19. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Allium sativum. blue 23.Galium odoratum. 30.Marrubium vulgare.Ruta graveolens. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. rose geranium 2. chervil 15.Pelargonium × limoneum.Pelargonium graveolens. 9. The more invasive ones.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. sweet cicely 37. 7. 3.Salvia officinalis. 6. 36. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. 8. 5. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.Myrrhis odorata. hyssop Meyer lemon . 1. 18.

Magnolia virginiana. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum. lemon verbena 11.10. lemonthyme 28. spearmint 27.Tropaeolum minus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Greek oregano 12. French thyme 24.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . salad burnet 25. bush basil 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dwarf nasturtium 13.Origanum heracleoticum. Japanese yew 39.Mentha spicata.Aloysia triphylla. English thyme 26.

< previous page page_22 next page > . The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. however. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. but. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. whatever the reason. "Simplify." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. simplify!.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. a quick way to ensure good drainage.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

jewelweed24.Monarda didyma. tansy 11.Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium odoratum. 14.Ruta graveolens. 26.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 5. sweet 17.Allium schoenoprasum. garden sage 3. balm sativa. spearmint 21.Aloe barbadensis. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. summer basil savory 7.Tanacetum vulgare.Anethum graveolens.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Impatiens capensis. bell pepper 6.Lactuca sativa. dill 13.Artemisia absinthium. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . lettuce 10. 18. rue 20.Salvia officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides.The number in each planting area is the key number.Petroselinum crispum. 16.Lindera benzoin. parsley 2. lemon 22.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis.Origanum majorana. spicebush absinthe French'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. sweet 15. aloe Grossum Group. 12. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. peppermint 23. bee balm 19. arcticus.Mentha x piperita.Mentha spicata. 1.Satureja hortensis.Capsicum frutescens. sweet 25.Allium fistulosum.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. French thyme 2.Pelargonium in variety. arcticus 14. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Russian 13. . The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. encloses this plan. 8. horizontally laid bluestone.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. Thymus praecox subsp. Perovskia abrotanoides. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. faced and capped with random. germander 7. too.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. A low wall of brick.

Galium odoratum. blue 11.Hyssopus officinalis.Campsis radicans.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Hamamelis virginiana.angustifolia.Santolina neapolitana 4.-John'swort 17. lemon thyme 10.Viburnum cassinoides. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. white creeping thyme 5.Alchemilla vulgaris. lemon balm hyssop 12. lavender 3. trumpet vine 16. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. St. crimson creeping thyme 9.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. witch hazel 18. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Melissa officinalis. arcticus 'Albus'. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. Thymus × citriodorus. lady's6.

< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. Although this is not a large garden. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. However. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. lilac. box. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. Germander is a proper edging here. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. < previous page page_28 next page > . the shrubsyew. holly. It is. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. however. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Chamaemelum nobile. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. mantle chamomile 5.Myrtus communis. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja montana.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 32.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Ruta graveolens. Heliotropium arborescens. white hyssop 4. Marrubium vulgare. alpine strawberry 8. dwarf box 41. sweet cicely17.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. Myrrhis odorata.Santolina pinnata 34. 1. dwarf privet 48. lilac 45.Anemone pulsatilla. white creeping thyme 37. germander 36. arcticus 'Coccineus'. arcticus 'Albus'. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Simkins'. Mentha requienii. Thymus praecox subsp.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Iris cristata.Hyssopus officinalis.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. crimson creeping thyme 31. 18. woolly thyme 7. Thymus praecox subsp. fraxinella 33.20. green 27. Alchemilla vulgaris. cottage pink 2. prostrate rosemary 13. 9.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. sweet violet 19. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Dictamnus albus. lavender 22.Teucrium chamaedrys. classic myrtle 15.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. broom 40. santolina alpine pink 28. lady's.Comptonia peregrina. fringed wormwood 16. florentina. orris 38.Iris × germanica var.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. gray sage savory 14. Corsican 24.Borago officinalis.Artemisia camphorata. columnal yew 43.Artemisia frigida. Japanese holly 47. lamb'sears 35.Stachys byzantina.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. 26. Japanese holly 42.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. winter 29. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. Japanese yew 44. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. 23. 21.Santolina virens. Viola odorata. 12.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Salvia leucophylla. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Eloise & Jo Ray. blue horehound hyssop 3. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. red creeping thyme 10.Syringa patula.Cytisus supinus. dwarf crested iris 39. rue 6. sweet albula.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. clary 30.Salvia sclarea.

a running bond pattern. and one has an inset for a garden seat. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. and a vegetable garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The direction a path takes can add interest. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. while adding to the enclosure of the area. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. a cutting garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. This hedge. an herb garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . Other paths are brick. the center of interest for the herb garden. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden.

Landscape Architect. .< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L. A.A.S.

Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Petroselinum crispum var.Limonium latifolium.Pelargonium in variety. 37. lamb's-ears 49. plantain lily 2.Stachys byzantina. Stokes' aster 31. starsMaxima'. sweet 51.Magnolia virginiana. blue iris 9.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Stokesia laevis. lemon 29. French tarragon 8.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. clary 46.The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. garden sage 56. Louise'. Achillea taygetea. 52. cottage pink French'.Galium odoratum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. yellow 24. York-andLancaster rose 16. 50. blue hyssop 43.Hemerocallis × luteola. 1. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Thymus × citriodorus.Ribes alpinum. candytuft Standard'.Origanum majorana.Artemisia dracunculus var. Aquilegia chrysantha.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. 53. Anethum graveolens 23. French thyme 7. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. bush basil 41. double white peony of-Persia 12.Satureja montana. summer 34.Salvia officinalis. lemon thyme 40. lavender 18.Lilium candidum.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 32. sweet marjoram 45.Digitalis grandiflora.Helleborus niger. yellow epimedium 15.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. pale 28. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Campanula persicifolia. Rosmarinus officinalis. white 'Bouquet'.Ocimum basilicum 54. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja hortensis. statice Solemacher'. fraxinella 26. green santolina 42. verbena rose chive 11. Christmas 48. 47.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. winter savory 44.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. sativa.Teucrium chamaedrys.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Origanum heracleoticum. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Allium christophii. helenium 4. 22.Salvia sclarea. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Santolina virens. blue 27. 55.Hyssopus officinalis. germander 39. alpine strawberry 3.Polystichum acrostichoides. Dictamnus albus. 14.Aloysia triphylla. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Allium schoenoprasum.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Chrysanthemum × superbum. yellow 35. dill wishbone flower 5.Rosa damascena savory crispum. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.

The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. as in this case. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. < previous page page_32 next page > . The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. While serving as a soil retainer.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. a retaining wall or walls are needed.

Solanum pseudocapsicum. English 44. Ocimum basilicum.Aloysia triphylla. spearmint 41. Landscape Architect. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. Stachys byzantina. sweet 23.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. 21. borage 26.A. 1. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Mentha spicata. .45.Allium schoenoprasum. bee balm 24. Monarda didyma. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.R. lemon verbena 46. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Iris cristata. 42. Melissa officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Iris pseudacorus. crispum. lemon 22.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4.Galium odoratum. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.Tanacetum vulgare var. F.Lavandula angustifolia. lamb's25. lady's43. The number in each planting area is the key number.Viola odorata. Borago officinalis.A.

Cornus florida. salad burnet 10.7. curly mint 30. rue 51. garden sage 36. 56.Allium ampeloprasum. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. curly parsley oak 17.Artemisia abrotanum. catnip 50. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. Ajuga reptans.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Origanum majorana. myrtle 58. dill 34.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. 52. 40. mullein chive 47. rosemary 9. absinthe English thyme 27.Crataegus arkansana. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Rosa × rehderana. 37.Mentha pulegium.Foeniculum vulgare.Elaeagnus pungens.Anethum graveolens. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. 57. wild 39. 33.Quercus stellata.Allium sativum. Poterium sanguisorba. southernwood 31. orange mint 29.Ruta graveolens. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Origanum heracleoticum. leek 49.Allium cepa.Salvia officinalis. pennyroyal 54.Vinca minor. summer 32. Proliferum Group.Capsicum frutescens.Salvia elegans. Greek 53. citrata. fennel 35. tabasco senna pepper 20.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. clove 55.Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon holly 13. Egyptian onion 11.Petroselinum crispum var. savory sativa. sweet marjoram 28.Nepeta cataria. pineapple38.Mentha × piperita var. Porrum Group. polyantha rose 12. pink hawthorn 16. garlic chive 48. carpet bugleweed 8.Marrubium vulgare. horehound neapolitanum.Dianthus caryophyllus.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Verbascum thapsus.Artemisia absinthium.Satureja hortensis. post crispum 'Banquet'. flowering dogwood 15.Cassia marilandica.Allium tuberosum.

A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. However. Although this is a northeast exposure. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. < previous page page_34 next page > . a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. and vinegars. mothproofing bags. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. sleep pillows. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.

Monarda didyma. bee balm 30. 1.Levisticum officinale. 'Monge'. pot 28. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. rue 26. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crispum. Poterium sanguisorba.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium fragrans. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Allium sphaerocephalum. Proliferum Group.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 16. Egyptian onion 42.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum 27.Mentha spicata.Tsuga canadensis. chive 43. French gray santolina sorrel 8. daylily in variety 41.Artemisia abrotanum. bay 48. 49. 50. garden 'Purpurascens'. florentina.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. dwarf savory garden sage 13. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. costmary 5. English finger-bowl geranium 38. French tarragon 10. 24. orris 17. Hallock'. 23.Alchemilla vulgaris. round-headed garlic 46.Hyssopus officinalis . sativa. lemon 18. 21.Allium sativum var.Allium moly. salad 22.Rosmarinus officinalis.Galium odoratum. nutmeg geranium 39.Salvia officinalis. lily leek 44. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Iris × germanica var. Lactuca. Ruta graveolens. balm valerian 15.Salvia elegans.Valeriana officinalis.Thuja occidentalis.The number in each planting area is the key number. lilac 32.Agastache foeniculum. lettuce in variety 25.Pelargonium graveolens. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus × citriodorus. Roman 20.Rumex scutatus. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Salvia oficinalis. lemon verbena 36.Satureja montana.Hemerocallis. lemon 31. garden sage 2. Petroselinum crispum var.Pelargonium tomentosum.Pelargonium × limoneum. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Laurus nobilis.Artemisia dracunculus var. peppermint geranium 40. winter 29.Melissa officinalis. blue hyssop 35. 19. burnet lovage 6.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. 'President Poincare'. purple basil sage 11. lavender 7.Tropaeolum minus.Allium cepa.Allium pulchellum 47. southernwood 9. Artemisia pontica. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Calendula officinalis. anise hyssop 14. dwarf nasturtium 37.

< previous page page_36 next page > . Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. A simple knot. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Invasive. is the focus of the middle level. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals.

Salvia elegans. pineapplescented sage 47.Poterium sanguisorba. bee balm 26. Digitalis purpurea. Valeriana officinalis. golden thyme .Thymus 'Clear Gold'. houseleek 45.Sempervivum tectorum. dwarf winter savory 2. valerian 5.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. French tarragon 44. sativa. thyme 3.Marrubium vulgare. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. foxglove 4. white thrift 24. fennel 25. 1. Satureja montana 'Nana'. horehound 46. salad burnet 23. summer savory 43.Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja hortensis. pineapple mint 22.Armeria maritima.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma.

fraxinella 8. arcticus 55.Salvia officinalis.Helleborus orientalis. viper's 34.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Crocus sativus. clary 48.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 39.Myrrhis odorata. English 52. 33. marigold chive 15. germander 56.Teucrium chamaedrys. parthenium.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Madonna cicely lily 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Laurus nobilis. China rose comfrey 19.Sium sisarum. 30. white 58. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Agrimonia eupatoria. skirret 60.Rosa chinensis. lavender Christmas rose 11. blue hyssop 57.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 37. white creeping thyme aconite 14. sweet basil sage 27.Ruta graveolens. dwarf edging box 21. sweet 32. feverfew climbing rose 16. rue 31.Echium vulgare. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Levisticum officinale. Isatis tinctoria.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Artemisia absinthium. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Hyssopus officinalis. Dictamnus albus.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden 42.Rosa eglanteria.Anemone pulsatilla. 54.Allium schoenoprasum.Calendula officinalis. Angelica archangelica.Galium verum. dyer's woad 7. 61. annual clary 51.6. winter bugloss 'Albus'. rosemary 28. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Lavandula angustifolia. pink 62. pink 59.Salvia viridis.Chrysanthemum 36.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. Salvia sclarea.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Lilium candidum.Eranthis hyemalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Symphytum officinale.Helleborus niger.Thymus praecox subsp. French'. 38. yellow 41. pot 35.Origanum majorana. absinthe 53.Foeniculum vulgare. angelica Lenten rose 10. sweet 50. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Galium odoratum. 40. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.

There is variety in this plan. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. even though space is limited. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. However.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. and the shagbark hickory. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. < previous page page_38 next page > . Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Carya ovata.

Landscape Architect . Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.

damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. green santolina Primula veris. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. bee balm Melissa officinalis. Marrubium vulgare. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. box Carya ovata. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia.Arisaema triphyllum. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. box Buxus sempervirens. sativa. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. citrata. French Galium odoratum. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. flax Buxus sempervirens. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Galium verum. germander Agastache foeniculum. red mint . golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. valerian Rosa damascena. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. Asarum canadense. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. rue Cornusflorida. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. sweet basil Satureja montana. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Canada Isatis tinctoria. stewardsonii. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. box Ruta graveolens. Adiantum pedatum. Aloysia triphylla. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. angelica Mondarda didyma. borage Petroselinum crispum. chive Ilex opaca. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. Artemisia absinthium. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. Poterium sanguisorba. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. lamb's. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

An informal. too. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. unplanned look was desired. However.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. it is open on the side facing the house. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A singular statue of St. < previous page page_40 next page > . It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. For this appearance. is on a sandy knoll. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. this excavation. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. A clump of birch here. a dipping pool there.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

wild 51.Salvia elegans. Thymus × citriodorus. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Poterium sanguisorba. sea onion angelica 24.Mentha suaveolens. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pulmonaria officinalis. rose geranium 10. Sempervivum tectorum.Pelargonium odoratissimum. pennyroyal 46. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. mint 50. 58. 74.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. 65.Chelidonium majus. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 34. 69.Chrysanthemum 80. 64.Pelargonium quercifolium. garden sage lungwort 57.Armeria maritima.Vinca minor. blue 2.Ajuga reptans.Pelargonium denticulatum. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Nepeta cataria. apple mint 49.Teucrium canadense. 72. sweet 71. winter savory 20. 79.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Origanum vulgare.Pelargonium tomentosum.Anthriscus cerefolium. spearmint 45. orange geranium 11. bee balm . Artemisia dracunculusvar.Myrrhis odorata.Monarda fistulosa. French'. 36.Mentha spicata. peppermint 47. marsh 42. 59. myrtle 14.Mentha × gentilis. rue 29.Viola tricolor.Thymus herba-barona. 31. 30. creeping juniper 26.Betula papyrifera.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. chive crispum.Mentha × piperita. woolly thyme 13.Satureja hortensis.Convallaria majalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 12. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Ruta graveolens. 76.Anethum graveolens. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. catnip 73. 78.Urginea maritima.Consolida orientalis. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 53. 77. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Lavandula angustifolia. 61.Coriandrum sativum. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Rosa 'Merry England'. Thymus praecox subsp.Levisticum officinale.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium crispum. 52.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Glechoma hederacea.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Thymus praecox subsp. 38.Santolina florentina.Digitalis grandiflora. Johnny-jump-up54.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. thrift55. 8. orris chamaecyparissus.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. pineapple3. 32.Marrubium vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. golden 37.Hyssopus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. 'Prostratus'.Origanum majorana.Tanacetum vulgare var. celandine cicely 18.Althaea officinalis.Origanum onites.Satureja montana. fern-leaf tansy 23.Stachys byzantina. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. red mint 48. pot 66.Mentha pulegium. lemon 35. feverfew 27.Monarda didyma.Artemisia abrotanum. 67. 70.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. lemon balm 44. rose bergamot valerian 25. Iris × germanica var. 33.Achillea tomentosa. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Digitalis purpurea. wild 43. 60. purple basil 9.Allium favum lovage 22.Petroselinum crispum.Pelargonium graveolens. 63. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. white birch English lavender parthenium. gray scented sage santolina 4. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Angelica archangelica. 68. 1.Valeriana officinalis. 75.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

the same as the smokehouse construction. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. making it more a part of the herb garden. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Because of the edging box. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. is used for the wall. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the accents of the six large box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. < previous page page_42 next page > . handsomely enclosing the herb garden. They are clustered around the smokehouse. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Foundation stone. and the two small trees. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden.

< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect. .L.A.S. A.

Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. winter 42.Ocimum basilicum 30.Crocus. 27. balm citrata. 41. purple basil sativa.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Aloysia triphylla.Fritillaria imperialis.Prunus domestica. box 'Citriodorum'. Satureja hortensis. sweet cicely45. 1. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. Corsican 33. lemon 34.Artemisia frigida.Artemisia abrotanum. 22. Dictamnus albus.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 26. Lavandula angustifolia.38. European ginger 4.Artemisia dracunculus var.Alchemilla vulgaris.Mentha × piperita. 'Purpurascens'.Mentha × piperita var. spearmint 48. white 23. 39. 35. 31.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. sweet marjoram 2.Mentha spicata. Ocimum basilicum 24.Pulmonaria officinalis. Origanum majorana.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Mentha requienii. dwarf edging box 14. pineapple mint 18. 47. blue angelica lungwort 20. lemon basil 15. chive comfrey curly mint 8. rosemary 3.Tanacetum vulgare var. fringed 43.Lilium candidum. English 'Minimum'. 21. Pelargonium graveolens. lady's.Levisticum officinale.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Angelica archangelica. Symphytum officinale. orange mint 19.Buxus sempervirens. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. lemon 36.Crataegus laevigata.Myrrhis odorata. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Melissa officinalis. sweet 37. 40.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. bee balm 29. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Rosmarinus officinalis.Galium odoratum. verbena English thyme 5. species in variety crispum. 44.Ocimum basilicum. Asarum europaeum.Satureja montana.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Viola tricolor. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . French tarragon ornamental onion 9. crownbasil savory imperial 11. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. balsamita. summer 25.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Chrysanthemum 28. lovage 46. fraxinella 17.Allium giganteum.Ocimum basilicum 32.

< previous page page_44 next page > . This is true also of the stone curbing. This hedge. the dwarf box edging. pink of Dianthus. two specimen shrubs. Instead. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. although it is ample at four feet. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. a soil retainer. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. too. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Lowgrowing. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The dipping bowl.

A.S. .A.L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.

Salvia officinalis.Helleborus niger. borage 31.Mertensia virginica.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus lividus subsp. 17. 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus herba-barona.Aloysia triphylla.Leucojum aestivum.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. Origanum majorana.Tulipa clusiana. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. 36. sweet 55. arcticus 34. golden thyme41. 50.Allium giganteum angelica 11. green santolina 37. 40. 49. sweet 47. lily. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Lilium candidum. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Santolina chamaecyparissus.The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus praecox subsp. 44. marjoram crocus 7.Myrica pensylvanica.Heliotropium arborescens. 1.Narcissus triandrus var. American 38.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Salvia sclarea. lemon 60.Ocimum basilicum. 56.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. white creeping thyme lovage 10. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Sternbergia lutea. caraway thyme albus. 52. 58.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Crocus kotschyanus.Galium odoratum. rue25.Borago officinalis.Narcissus asturiensis. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. 61. gray 22. winter savory 39. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Digitalis grandiflora. catmint 35. thyme 29. angel's-tears 59.Mentha spicata. 2. black cohosh windflower 15.Nepeta mussinii.Santolina virens.Galanthus nivalis. arcticus 30.Convallaria majalis.Levisticum officinale. 53. 45.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Thymus × citriodorus.Crocus angustifolius. 46. Madonna 63.Pelargonium in variety. Stachys byzantina.57. lamb's-ears 28. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Crocus speciosus.Hamamelis virginiana. Compactus'. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 54. Thymus doerfleri. angustifolia 'Nana'. verbena snowflake 19. 26.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. white 42.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. spearmint 48.Mentha × piperita.Anemone blanda. lemon 33. 51.Pelargonium in variety. sweet 27. tulip citrata. prostrate rosemary 18.Crocus tomasinianus.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. orange mint 8.Teucrium canadense. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Dicentra spectabilis.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Spanish bluebell 16.Satureja montana. 20. clary 32.Angelica archangelica.Mentha × piperita var.Cimicifuga racemosa.Allium christophii. 43. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.

Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. The results have been most satisfying. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. First. Morning sun warms it early. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Second. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn.

Artemisia dracunculus var. 25. English thyme 43. .A.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. garden sage 4. 26.Tulipa tarda.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Landscape Architect.Apium graveolens.S. French tarragon 5. wild celery 42.L.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Salvia sclarea.Allium neapolitanum. crocus 44. Beauty'. Porrum Group. clary thyme 22.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Origanum heracleoticum. tulip 45. The number in each planting area is the key number. marigold 41. lemon 21. absinthe sativa.Artemisia lactiflora.Allium ampeloprasum. Artemisia absinthium 24. woolly thyme 3.Salvia officinalis. A. Thymus praecox subsp. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. 1. Thymus × citriodorus. 'Lambrook Silver'. sweet basil 23. Ocimum basilicum. leek 46.Crocus sieberi.

Artemisia camphorata. 32. dogwood 19.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Digitalis grandiflora.Origanum majorana.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Aconitum napellus. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Malus hupehensis. 29. red currant gray santolina 13. monkshood upright yew 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus. butterfly 47.Ribes sativum. Robert verbena Brydon'. American marjoram Yellow'.Hyssopus officinalis. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. 54.Tropaeolum minus.foxglove 7.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Ipomoea alba.Santolina virens.Asclepias tuberosa. Viola odorata. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Allium senescens var. lobelia Sherbert'. pale 49. lamb's-ears 52.Achillea filipendula 60.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Petroselinum crispum var. white evergreen azalea 16. pink 30.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Stachys byzantina.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. catmint 53. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. clematis 11.Galium mollugo. yellow 55. great 31.Clematis 'Mrs. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. 58. 39.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. weed chive 48. green 40. curly parsley 20.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. American elderberry 15. lovage 34. 8.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. lemon 50. 56. viola holly 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . Lavandula angustifolia. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Allium schoenoprasum.Dianthus × allwoodii. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Aloysia triphylla. fraxinella 36. alpine 28.Nepeta × faassenii.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Levisticum officinale.Cornus florida.Dictamnus albus. blue 38.Ilex opaca. sweet 37.Lobelia siphilitica. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > .< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The four herb beds. Well-drained as they are. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. are raised with bricks on edge. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. an impression of Sol in it. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. repeats again the octagonal form. even though the growing area is not extensive. A birdbath of copper.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

absinthe 20.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. orange santolina geranium 11. rue 35. lemon 39.Marrubium vulgare. angustifolia. Semple.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. silver mound artemisia 8. Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium tomentosum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Mentha spicata. white creeping thyme 12.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. sweet woodruff 9.Poterium sanguisorba. 27. 1. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Nepeta mussinii. dill 18. variegated garden sage 37. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. Galium odoratum.Joan E. heliotrope 31. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil 24. 19. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. spearmint southernwood 5. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Pelargonium crispum. crispum. lamb's-ears 17.Allium tuberosum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sativa.Ruta graveolens. French 26.Ocimum basilicum. lavender 15. 16.Santolina 25.Salvia sclarea.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme horehound 2. thyme salad burnet 40.Pelargonium denticulatum.Allium schoenoprasum. 43. 29. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. golden variegated garden sage 38. clove pink 10. Artemisia absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. peppermint 4. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly mint 3.Pelargonium odoratissimum. rosemary 33. Stachys byzantina. purple variegated garden sage 36. Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 30.Lavandula dentata. prostrate rosemary 34.Mentha × piperita.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender pine geranium chive 13. sweet basil 22. 42.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. lemon 41. Anethum graveolens. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. clary 21. catmint 6.Salvia officinalis. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . curly parsley 32. bush basil 23.Heliotropium arborescens.Petroselinum crispum var. French tarragon 7. 28.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.

The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. too. < previous page page_52 next page > . There are a number of plants suitable for such use. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. A suitable fence. if neither is available. a toolhouse. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. rose geranium. and lantana are a few. rose. A birdbath may replace the pool. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. lemon verbena. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

A.Chamaemelum nobile. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. verbena ambrosia 4. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. lavender 3. crispum.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Thymus praecox subsp. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .S. heliotrope 21.Rosmarinus officinalis. zonal geranium 19.L.Origanum majorana. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. rosescented geranium 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 7. 1. white creeping thyme 2. Thymus praecox subsp.Heliotropium arborescens.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. absinthe 'Minimum'. bush basil 5.Chenopodium botrys. arcticus 'Albus'.Tanacetum vulgare var. geranium 16.Artemisia absinthium 11. sweet santolina marjoram 6. A. gray santolina chamomile 14. zonal geranium 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. green 12.Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Architect. woolly thyme 15. The number in each planting area is the key number. fern-leaf tansy 8.Santolina virens. 9.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 10. lemon thyme 20.Pelargonium frutetorum.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.

< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. the design is clearly traced. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. but the design itself has endured forty years. apothecary's rose. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. a sundial. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Box and holly enclose it all. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Hyssop hedges define the circles. a deep mauve to others. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. As the snows melt. box. The dwarf box frames the focal point. Angelica. artemisias. These can easily obliterate a design. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . and coltsfoot are only a few of them. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. mints. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. 'Albus'.47. 59.Arisaema dracontium. Santolina virens. white dead 49.Origanum onites. germander 43.Symphytum officinale. scented.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Syringa. apothecary's rose lavender 20. sweet woodruff45.Pulmonaria officinalis. 58. lady's-mantle 46. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. weld 54. blue hyssop 42. arcticus 39.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Sium sisarum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.63.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lilium candidum. dyer's woad 9.Thymus praecox subsp.Perillafrutescens. 1.Tanacetum vulgare var. absinthe 34.Paeonia officinalis.Monarda fistulosa. piney 44.30. lamb's-ears 33.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 65.Iris × germanica var.Buxus sempervirens. sweet 27.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Galium odoratum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Valeriana officinalis. pot bergamot marjoram 7. arcticus 40.Armeria maritima.Vitis. florentina.Helleborus atrorubens 12. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. houseleek Lenten rose 11. butterfly weed35. 56. daffodil 17.Thymus praecox subsp. green.Sedum telephium. orris 57. perilla 51. 55. Dianthus caryophyllus. yew Beauty'.Lamium album. 67.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. valerian 6.Stachys byzantina. skirret 53. crimson creeping thyme 18. dwarf edging box 21.Melissa officinalis. wild 52. lilac 70. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. clove pink 29. Graham.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. garden sage Christmas rose 10. white creeping thyme French'. arcticus 38. 26. bronze 64. gray 37.Hyssopus officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis. orris box 22.Pyrus communis. sweet European ginger cicely 3. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Alchemilla vulgaris. nasturtium 28. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . grape fennel 19. feverfew 14. Chamaemelum nobile.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. Origanum majorana. chamomile 31. Satureja montana.Alchemilla alpina. winter savory 32. rue 23.Sempervivum tectorum. Tropaeolum majus. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Astrantia major. southernwood 2.Helleborus niger.Myrrhis odorata. 48.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Asarum europaeum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Taxus. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Reseda luteola.Artemisia absinthium.James D.Allium schoenoprasum. fern-leaf tansy 5. masterwort 69.Lavandula dentata.Lavandula angustifolia. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. thrift 41. Canadian burnet 13.Santolina neapolitana 36. blue 50.Thymus praecox subsp.Asclepias tuberosa. Pelargonium in variety.Foeniculum vulgare.Isatis tinctoria. rosemary 25. green santolina 24. French thyme Madonna lily 16.Artemisia camphorata. 62.Helleborus orientalis. marjoram lungwort crispum. alpine 60. white 66.

If there is room for only one rambler rose. They are small specialty beds. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. In addition to the brick edging around each.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. rising from the courtyard. with buds of red. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Rosa 'Albertine'. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. < previous page page_56 next page > . However. pink. include this one. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. At the top of the steps. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. but no panacea for the maintenance required. The large. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. The brick edging around each bed is a help." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler.

1. Angelica archangelica. foxglove 39. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Lavandula angustifolia. Carum carvi.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Tanacetum vulgare. alpine strawberry 3. garden sage 40. lavender 4. rhubarb 2.Rheum rhabarbarum. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. caraway 24.Thymus × citriodorus.Melissa officinalis. subsp.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Borago officinalis. tansy Bois'. English thyme .Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. bush basil 43. 23. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. 22. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. lemon balm 42.Satureja montana. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. angelica 20. winter savory 41.

R.Artemisia dracunculus 44. pot 50. lemon 51. 31. geranium in 30. muscosa 15. 54. marguerite chive 9.Chrysanthemum. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. 45.Origanum majorana.Tagetes filifolia. citrata.R. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. 35.Laurus nobilis. salad 7.R.R. Consolida ambigua. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Dianthus Victoria'.Allium schoenoprasum. blue hyssop 25. rose 28. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Anethum graveolens 47.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. cheddar pink 53. French 33.Poterium sanguisorba.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.sativa.Teucrium chamaedrys.R. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Petroselinum crispum var.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Calendula officinalis. var. Pelargonium graveolens.R. prostrate rosemary 16.Mentha × piperita var.6. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Pelargonium. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.'Baronne Prevost'.Satureja hortensis.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Chrysanthemum 46. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. 49. silver 27. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. centifolia var. Hyssopus officinalis.R.Marrubium vulgare. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.'Albertine'. thyme frutescens.Chenopodium 55. French'. centifolia.Lavandula dentata. curly parsley 26. pineapple34. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . Thymus 'Argenteus'. 56.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. bourbon rose 10. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. 29. Irish-lace 48.R. centifolia 'Cristata'.Aloysia triphylla. sweet 37. musk rose 12.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Salvia elegans.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. clove pink Mammoth'. 36. Mexican tea 18.

It is near the house. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. too. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. < previous page page_58 next page > . by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Balance is augmented. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. as it should be. and the access to it is surfaced with brick.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Laid in an unusual pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Poterium sanguisorba. arcticus 'Albus'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. 23.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. blue hyssop 13. sweet basil 14.A.Myosotis sylvatica. 17. chive lemon verbena 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dill 9.Salvia officinalis. dwarf edging box 8. 20.S.Santolina virens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.L. santolina moss rose 7.Satureja hortensis. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. gray 15. 24. lavender 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Anethum graveolens. rosemary yellow viola 10. Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana. double white peony 5.Thymus praecox subsp. English thyme signet marigold 11. 21. A. 16.Aloysia triphylla.Allium schoenoprasum.Heliotropium arborescens. heliotrope 3. Landscape Architect.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Ocimum basilicum.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. green 22. white creeping thyme 4. 19. English'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Hyssopus officinalis.

too. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. and the grape arbor. potted lemon verbena. < previous page page_60 next page > . Herbs. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. and a comfortable.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The grape vines. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. the fence with roses. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. winter pruned. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Aloysia triphylla. 3. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Stachys byzantina. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. marsh climbing rose. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. lovage Myrrhis odorata. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Nepeta mussinii. Althaea officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Galium odoratum. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Valeriana officinalis. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. three. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. BED II germander BED IV 2. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon Linum perenne. Teucrium chamaedrys. conical yew rosemary 1. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. purple variegated garden sage 4. Iris cristata.

Nepeta tuberosa subsp.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 10. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. plume Baptisia australis. lemon thyme 9. lemon Anemone hybrida. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Delphinium × belladonna. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. fairy rose Giant'. Chamaemelum nobile. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. tuberosa 6. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Sempervivum. beach Marrubium vulgare. catmint 5. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. creeping thyme in variety 8. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Thymus. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Rosmarinus officinalis. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. houseleek in variety 7. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'.

an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. myrtle. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. and bright green in the herb beds. tend to broaden the width of the garden. Herbs. holly. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. planted in bands across these beds. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Ivy. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Another angle could be tried with these. if desired. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. silver. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Either it flourished too well. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. its detail is shown below.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. grew too large. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Later. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. magnolia. blue green. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. this was replaced with ''edging" box.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Lavandula angustifolia.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 'Minimum'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. bayberry balm thyme 13.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Thymus carnosus.Vinca minor. borage 26. Stachys byzantina. lime geranium 4. English'.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium fragrans. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. Ocimum basilicum 22.19. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. salad 43. 49. lovage 48. white creeping thyme 41. silver-king artemisia 23. bee balm30.Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus praecox subsp.Laurus nobilis.Marrubium vulgare. spearmint 42. French 27. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. Tropaeolum minus.Thymus × citriodorus. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. caraway thyme 40. American holly 31. thyme 38.Thymus herba-barona. 1. bush basil albula. myrtle 47. dwarf edging box 11. arcticus 'Albus'.Artemisia abrotanum. woolly thyme 8.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Hedera helix. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. 6. English thyme chamomile 2.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 46.Buxus sempervirens 14.Thymus doerfleri.Mentha spicata.Magnolia grandiflora. bay rosemary 12. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. rue 20. ears rose geranium 3. 33. sweet 34. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Rumex scutatus. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. 44.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ocimum basilicum 24. lamb's. lemon 29. purple garden sage 7.Levisticum officinale. sweet woodruff 36. 28. English ivy burnet 10. box chamaecyparissus.Monarda didyma.Mentha suaveolens. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . tansy 45. dwarf 21.Satureja montana. Borago officinalis. French thyme 39. Ruta graveolens.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Teucrium chamaedrys.Origanum majorana. winter 'Purpurascens'. gray santolina 15.Pelargonium × nervosum. 25.Rosmarinus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. purple basil savory 35.Tanacetum vulgare. horehound germander 17.Myrica pensylvanica. thyme 37.Ilex opaca.

adding to the space for walking. The use of flagstone. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. standards. and treessome of which are espaliered. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. < previous page page_64 next page > . Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. It is located for the best viewing. brick. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. potted shrubs. too.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. There is variety in the walks. The four potted bay. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. It is a large garden. maypoles. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. Laurus nobilis. too. accent this prime focal point even more. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme.

Chenopodium botrys. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. musty oakscented geranium 5.P.53. 1.odoratissimum.P. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. 26. wild 28. love-in. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Johnny-jump. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.50.Nigella damascena.Chrysanthemum balsamita.P. 49.Calendula officinalis.acerifolium.quercifolium. Satureja montana. fragrans.Viola tricolor. pot 52. 51. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.P.P. winter 27.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. 25. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 29.

dwarf apple foot geranium 30. crowfoot 70. peppermint 67. cherry tomato chive 17.Artemisia abrotanum.Fragaria vesca. Chamaemelum nobile. lime geranium 55.Livingston'.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. radens 'Dr. bee balm 63. white sweet yarrow violet 13.P.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet flag 16. horehound 46.Achilleafilipendula.Acorus calamus. lemon balm 45. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon 47.P.72.Viola odorata.Tanacetum vulgare var.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Anethum graveolens.Foeniculum vulgare. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. classic 21.P.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana.Mentha.Aloysia triphylla. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. Hyssopus officinalis. fern-leaf 60.× nervosum.Poterium sanguisorba. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. box 19.P.P.Salvia caerulea.P. lemon-rose geranium 22.Allium senescens var.Malus. lemon geranium 33. lemon southernwood geranium 34. 62. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. dill 36. 57.Salvia officinalis.P.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. denticulatum.Malus angustifolia. orange geranium 23. sweet 37.Levisticum officinale. 41.Monarda didyma. parsley 35. graveolens. strawberry 48. white creeping thyme geranium 68.P. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Petroselinum crispum. 44.P. English lavender 32. wild thyme 31. bronze 38. salad 42. camphor-scented geranium 69.Forsythia. pheasant's. bay 20.Origanum dictamnus. pine crispum.Mentha pulegium. arcticus43.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. blue hyssop 10. 71.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. lettuce 39.Marrubium vulgare.Myrtus communis.Laurus nobilis.Poncirus trifoliata. lemon 65.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. crispum. tomentosum. glutinosum.P. fern-leaf 'Nana'. chamomile 8. Rosmarinus officinalis.6. 61. denticulatum 11.P.Pelargonium crispum. French tarragon Rose'. rose geranium66.Thymus serpyllum. radens. rosemary 9. lettuce 40.P.Lavandula angustifolia. garden sage 54. golden lemon thyme 7. crispum 'Minor'. 64.Melissa officinalis. 58. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. forsythia 'Albus'.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. lemon geranium 56.

The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. and Allium karataviense. This is a large garden by any standard. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. < previous page page_66 next page > . something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. green santolina. too.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The result is one of sculptured elegance. In keeping with this feeling. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Allium christophii. Mentha suaveolens. fringed 7. winter savory 9.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia frigida. chive 4.Florence B.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis. dwarf garden 17. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Allium sativa.Salvia officinalis.Allium moly. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . 1. lemon 11. 8. blue hyssop 16.Levisticum officinale. arcticus. gray 10.Thymus praecox subsp.Foeniculum vulgare.Liriope muscari.Satureja montana. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. big blue lilyturf 12. Baker.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 18. apple mint 13. Artemisia dracunculus var. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. wormwood fennel 2. green santolina 14. 15.Thymus × citriodorus.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

the square. for the box after new spring growth. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. Many herb gardens could provide this. the circle. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. < previous page page_70 next page > . the upper deck. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. and the front porch of the house.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana.Cedrus deodara.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. viola 3.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. 1.Chamaemelum nobile.Cupressus sempervirens. Italian cypress 9. lemon 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. dwarf edging box 7. winter savory 4. lavender 5. dwarf myrtle 6. chamomile 2. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.

The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Roses.. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Paths are gravel. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Coin with Tudor rose design. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. from Peter Coats. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. as it was with this plan. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Anemone pulsatilla. sweet violet 6. rosemary 16.Lilium candidum. earth 24. Madonna 23. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Primula vulgaris.Bellis perennis.Myrtus communis. chamomile 4. Foeniculum vulgare. caraway 35.Satureja montana. salad burnet 10.Primula elatior.Mentha × piperita.Mentha spicata.Carum carvi. English daisy 36. Origanum majorana. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. clove20. oxlip 17. wild thyme 5. 34.Lactuca sativa. parsley 29. 22. mallow 13.Fumaria officinalis. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. saffron lily crocus 12.Viola tricolor. lettuce 28. monkshood27. 19. Malva sylvestris.Calendula officinalis.Ruta graveolens.Buxus sempervirens.Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon balm 31.The number in each planting area is the key number.Fragaria vesca.Petroselinum crispum. sweet marjoram 3.Crithmum maritimum. pot marigold 15. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Aconitum napellus. rue 33. absinthe peppermint 8. yellow flag 26.Crocus sativus. spearmint 30. Hyssopus officinalis. 25. fennel 21. classic myrtle 18. Thymus serpyllum. winter 32. Eryngium maritimum. Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop 2. Dianthus caryophyllus. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Lavandula angustifolia.Melissa officinalis.Viola odorata.Iris pseudacorus. 1.

its tufted. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. white. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. along with a measure of fragrance. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. most of the blooms are nightscented. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above." Concrete blocks. plumed. white blooms and woolly. silver mound. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. However. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. Selected for this reason. spurred. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. but Always Love. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination.

lamb's. pink 15. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Stachys byzantina. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Galanthus nivalis. white 32.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Galium odoratum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 17.Lilium candidum.Dictamnus albus. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Albus'.Marrubiam vulgare. 1. white . Rosmarinus officinalis 18. sweet 31. silver 16.19. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. horehound 2.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. silver mound artemisia 3. petunia 30.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.

Artemisia lactiflora. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. white stock absinthe 10.Artemisia ludoviciana. dame's honesty rocket 14.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Convallaria majalis. moonflower 39.Rosa 'Cinderella'. rose 41. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Artemisia stellerana. Adam's. clary 24.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 28.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Ipomoea alba.Chrysanthemum parthenium. rose 40. daffodil 35.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Lunaria annua.21. 26.Malus 'Guiding Star'. tulip 38. western mugwort 7. tulip 37. albula. sweet violet 20. lavender 12. Yucca filamentosa.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Iris × germanica var. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Hesperis matronalis. 23. lily-ofthe-valley 11. 25. white 27. needle florentina. Viola odorata.Matthiola incana. orris 8. white 22.Polianthes tuberosa.Salvia sclarea. tuberose 36. Artemisia absinthium.6.

A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. < previous page page_76 next page > . textures. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. This herb garden. Many of these herbs lack the hues. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too. related to an old mill reconstruction. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. required their use as an educational adjunct. Rather.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Carthamus tinctorius.Rudbeckia hirta. 34. 28. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. barberry teasel woodruff 12. Hibiscus cannabinus.. sweet 49. 48. 32.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Prunus persica.Solidago species.Ligustrum vulgare.Urtica dioica. sisal 27.38.Chelidonium majus. broad 42. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. Boehmeria nivea. 37. goldthread 41.Genista tinctoria.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Manila 25.51.Phytolacca americana.Indigofera tinctoria. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. Sansevieria trifasciata. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 23.Agrimonia eupatoria.Cotinus coggygria. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Sanguinaria canadensis.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Morus rubra or alba. Musa textilis. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. 22. bee 36. 1. saffron crocus marguerite 3. onion China jute 4. Abutilon theophrasti.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Agave sisalana.Anchusa officinalis.Rubia tinctorum. woad Susan laevifolium. golden 40.Pteridium aquilinum. 47. alkanet 52. ramie 24. flax 21. stinging nettle44.Dipsacus sativus.Crocus sativus. Linum usitatissimum. Agave fourcroydes.Berberis vulgaris.Genista germanica. garden 56. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Galium odoratum.Filipendula ulmaria. 35.Rhus typhina.Coreopsis tinctoria. 26. fuller's 30. Gossypium hirsutum.Hydrastis canadensis.Isatis tinctoria.46. privet marigold 15. peach bracken sorrel 19.Hypericum perforatum.Cladrastis lutea. henequen marigold bearberry 8. French 33. 43. Scotch broom hemp 7. blueberry 13.Anthemis tinctoria.Viburnum acerifolium. sumac poke 17. madder 54.Reseda luteola. African 45. 29.Galium verum.Parmelia conspersa.Convallaria majalis. black-eyed 50. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Rumex acetosa. dyer's broom safflower 6. St.Mahonia aquifolium. queen.Tagetes patula.Tagetes erecta.Monarda didyma. 20. 39. yellow 55. lily. dyer's 31.Rumex obtusifolius.Furcraea hexapetala.Allium cepa. weld 57.Coptis trifolia.Cytisus scoparius. 53.

pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Elsewhere. as well as the roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. < previous page page_78 next page > . at each end of the garden and at each entrance. A totally appealing edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Belle Amour' 6. cl. 22. cl. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'American Pillar'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Legras de St. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 18. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Queen of the Prairies'. cl. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 23. 'Mme. 'Sombreuil'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 25. rambler 19. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 24. rambler 20. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 1. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Seven Sisters'. cl.

is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. Circles and angles provide interest.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. < previous page page_80 next page > . this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

C. celery I 31. 32. 40. cepa Proliferum Group. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.B. cherry tomato 34. annuum 'Pinocchio'. red 38. C. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. crispum 'Banquet'. dulce 50. graveolens var. melongena 1. red-flowered kale 6. red 37.B.B. curly eggplant parsley 23. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. oleracea 'Prima'. chive 42.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.B.B. annuum 'Fips'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.C.Solanum melongena var.C. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. lycopersicum var. Beauty'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. C. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.A. C. annuum 'Variegata'. annuum 'Black Prince'. dulce 47.A.B.C.annuum 'Floral Gem'.sativa 'Ruby'.C. 27.A. 48. annuum 'Golden Bell'.A. C.L. 26. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.A.C.esculentum 'Long Black'. C. shallot Lakes'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B. eggplant 43.C.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. giant garlic var. annuum 'Red Boy'.S. ruby swiss chard var. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.B.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. celery Group. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. 24. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. celery Bed 9.Apium graveolens var. melongena 2. 45. oleracea 'Red Acre'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'.S. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. Boerner.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. annuum 'Mosaic'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens 'French Dinant'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. kohlrabi Rock'. schoenoprasum. Petroselinum crispum var. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. garlic chive 44. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. 39. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. sprouts celery 8. pear Purple Vienna'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. white-flowered kale 49. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .A. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.A. graveolens var.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. 25. tuberosum. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. 22. C.B. scorodoprasum. graveolens var. annuum 'Teno'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. Capsicum annuum var. 30. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.B.A. oleracea 'Green Parade'.L. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. annuum 'Nosegay'. 29.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.A. 28. leek 5.Cichorium intybus.B. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.

< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. winter savory. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. arcs. and golden thyme. for each is a complete entity. When viewed from the terrace above. All of the circles. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P.× nervosum. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. orange geranium 8.P. radens 'Dr. gooseberry geranium 24. 12. rose geranium 27. odoratissimum. acerifolium. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.P. crispum. P. crispum 'French Lace. Livingston'.Ilex glabra. grossularioides. peppermint 26. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. Satureja montana. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.' lemon geranium 23. Landscape Architect.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. maple-leaved 18.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. oak-leaved geranium 16.Melissa R.P. graveolens.P.S.P.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3.L.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.P. rose-scented geranium 4. 15. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. tomentosum.P.A.P. golden 11. green 14.. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. lime geranium Rose'.P. P. A. scabrum.P. lemon geranium 22. inkberry geranium 9.Myrica pensylvanica. 17. 1. germander crowfoot geranium 21. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. × domesticum 6. Marshall. Santolina virens.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. Teucrium chamaedrys. Assoc. The number in each planting area is the key number. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.P. apricot geranium28. 19. winter 13. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . 29.

To ease the care for a more complicated design. . especially when it is blooming. blue hyssop 3. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. 1. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Santolina virens. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. on page 37. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. closed knot design. sand.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. such as a dwarf edging box. filled with plants that have contrasting color. English lavender 2.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. or marble chips. which is framed with a brick edging. Its interspaces can be mulched. and growth to the plants of the knot design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. texture. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. was planted using edging box only. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. Maintenance is high for a knot. For the knot to look its best at all times." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design.

arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. dwarf edging box 4. gray santolina 3. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. green santolina 2.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.

Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. which is found more often out in the open.S. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'.T.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 8. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. rosemary creeping thyme 2. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. creeping thymes. Teucrium chamaedrys. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. purple variegated 11. variegated garden sage . but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. herba-barona. Rosmarinus officinalis. arcticus 'Coccineus'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. The knot material is maintained at six inches. 'Munstead'. which are confined to that area. fig 4. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. white 7.officinalis 'Tricolor'. praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.T. 1. lavender Japanese barberry 5.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. arcticus 'Albus'. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.Thymus praecox subsp. caraway thyme 9. the height of the edging. Some maintenance is required for clipping. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. In another departure from the usual.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. lavender . gray santolina 2. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Teucrium canadense. American germander 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. germander .Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. setting it off admirably. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.

gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.

a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. a complement for the colors of the plant material.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. each one a quarter-circle. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. < previous page page_88 next page > . which are also laid on edge. pleasing color. adding another facet to an appealing design. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. again laid on edge.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

French lavender 3. 1. 16. candicans. rue 21. silver sage 15. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 8. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender 5.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Crithmum maritimum. glaucum 11. Russian sage 24. woolly yarrow 23.Salvia clevelandii.Artemisia frigida.Salvia argentea.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver horehound 19.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Marrubium incanum. golden marguerite 25.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. samphire14. grenadin pink chamomile 4. gray santolina 2. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . angustifolia 'Rosea'. 18. blue sage 13.Allium senescens var. tree artemisia 26.Leontopodium alpinum.Teucrium fruticans. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Helichrysum angustifolium.Lavandula dentata var.Santolina neapolitana 10. dwarf 12. 17.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Anthemis tinctoria.Artemisia arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis marschalliana. silver thyme 6. dwarf gray santolina 20. lavender 9. curry plant 7.The number in each planting area is the key number. tree germander 22.Stachys byzantina. fern-leaf yarrow 27.

Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. lady's-mantle. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. If one is familiar with herbs. As with other plant material. < previous page page_90 next page > .< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. and the savories. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. The color of the container plays a lesser role. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. are without number. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. sweet marjoram. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. basil. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Some are rosemary. oregano. Styles of containers. which include hanging baskets. thyme. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them.

It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. providing herbs in abundance.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden. < previous page page_91 next page > .

< previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

L. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. If children's interest is not sustained. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. LandscapeArchitect. < previous page page_95 next page > .S. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. A.A. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. such an outlay would be unwarranted. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. However. Of course supervision is necessary. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.

These are ''old roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Children in this age group can help with the construction. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. < previous page page_96 next page > . Just keep a garden design for children simple. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. too. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun." selected for their greater fragrance. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Instead of benches on the patio. they are easily handpicked. A sundial can be fun and also educational.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio.

S. . A.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.L. Landscape Architect.

Isatis tinctoria.Marrubium vulgare. dwarf 6.Chenopodium botrys.Lavandula angustifolia. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Levisticum officinale. love-in-a-mist 14.Hedeoma pulegioides. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Calendula officinalis. glaucum 31.rocambole 28. dill pennyroyal 11. cottage pink 18. Nigella damascena.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia sclarea. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Rosa damascena.Satureja hortensis. damask rose 32.Allium moly. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. neapolitanum. 13.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia camphorata. 16. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. clary 25.Allium sativum var. English lavender 4.Tropaeolum minus. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . English lavender 7. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crispum. horehound 26. southernwood 5. borage 15.Anethum graveolens.Nepeta cataria. 1.Allium tuberosum. 20.Rosa gallica. pot marigold 8. Dianthus plumarius. Borago officinalis. 19. dyer's bush basil woad 9. ophioscorodon.Origanum majorana. American 21.Allium senescens var. ambrosia 2. alpine strawberry 3. garden sage 24.Petroselinum crispum var.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. summer savory 22. catnip 27. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Italian parsley 23.Salvia officinalis. lovage 12. lily leek 30. Petroselinum crispum var. garlic chive 29.

plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. All are inviting to the touch. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. previously used as a skating rink. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. not noted on the plan. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. < previous page page_98 next page > . The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. The oval. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. are a seal and a turtle. The sculptures. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need.

A.R. F.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .A. Landscape Architect.

wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. Trifolium pratense. Foeniculum vulgare. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. coltsfoot Mimulus. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. chamomile Mentha. fleabane Stellaria. lousewort Viola canina. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. bee balm Satureja montana. marigold Salvia officinalis. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. chive dandelion Allium sativum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. winter savory Mentha. bee orchid Erigeron. mint Galium odoratum. mint Tagetes. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. duckweed Antennaria. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. cowslip Linaria. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. English Tussilago farfara. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. tansy Monarda didyma. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. Allium schoenoprasum. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. borage Tanacetum vulgare. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. Nepeta cataria.Hedeoma pulegioides. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. fat-hen Primula veris. dog violet Lemna. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. Greek Stachys byzantina. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera.

hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Their height eases the task of weeding. Here. an exceedingly long one. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. it is a most satisfying growing situation. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Still. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. for an old barn foundation of stone. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. Instead. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Its plant list. < previous page page_101 next page > . and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. feverfew. A number of wooden window frames. a mint. and old barn beams another about the same height. are superb for displaying potted herbs. its wooden structure long gone. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. developed particularly for study.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

S.A.A. white creeping thyme 97. St.Sempervivum tectorum.Tanacetum vulgare var.Aloysia triphylla. camphorata. thyme 102.A. × citriodorus. 55. 50.Angelica archangelica.Thymus praecox subsp.O. sweet violet 40.T.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Geranium robertianum. 64.Viola tricolor. 61. camphor. 62. basilicum 56.Acinos alpinus. sweet celandine marjoram 28.M.A. pallasianus.Digitalis purpurea.Satureja montana.Ruta graveolens. southernwood ground cherry 10. Grecian 59. golden variegated garden sage 86.Genista tinctoria. 1. herba-barona.Lychnis coronaria. onites.O. crispum. fern-leaf tansy 95. bee balm lovage 20.Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon 52. lemon verbena 106. absinthe 51.Calamintha grandiflora.Valeriana officinalis.T. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. skirret 90. praecox subsp. pot marjoram bugloss 27. absinthium. wild lemon basil ginger 16. mosquito plant 19. rose sativa.T 'Argenteus'. French tarragon geranium 7. pontica. 54. stellerana. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. garden sage 84. 48.P. viper's 65. Roman 46.Agastache foeniculum. golden lemon thyme 99. foxglove 2.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Agastache cana.Levisticum officinale. plantain 80. golden thyme 98. tomentosum. lesser 67.Hyssopus officinalis. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Pulmonaria officinalis. sweet 41. balm horehound 14.P.Hypericum perforatum. didyma 'Rosea'.P. catmint 63.Veronica serpyllifolia. 60.Marrubium vulgare. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Rosmarinus officinalis. basil blue hyssop 15.T.Sium sisarum.49. odoratissimum. basilicum 'Minimum'. pot marigold 25.Calendula officinalis.Campanula persicifolia. abrotanum.Myrrhis odorata. sweet cicely 94. praecox subsp.O.Althaea officinalis. apple wormwood geranium 8.Achillea millefolium. caraway thyme 103.S. sweet 53. celandine madder 79. beach 47. crimson creeping thyme 96. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Poterium sanguisorba. officinalis 'Purpurea'. pink 58.Alchemilla vulgaris. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Stachys grandifora 93.O.Pelargonium crispum.S.Ranunculus ficaria.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.T. 'Clear Gold'.Asarum canadense.Melissa officinalis. 43.Physalis heterophylla.Plantago major. lemon thyme 100. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. alpine savory 89. 66. golden marjoram 26. marsh mallow 13. wormwood germander 9.Ocimum basilicum. creeping veronica . abrotanum 'Tangerine'. richardii subsp.Rubia tinctorum. bee balm57. 'Purpurascens'.Lavandula angustifolia. 42. rosemary 82.A. dyer's woodruff broom 3. purple variegated garden sage 85.Galium odoratum. yarrow herb Robert 4.Monarda didyma. 45. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. rue 83.Euphorbia cyparissias. rampion 81.Stachys officinalis. officinalis 'Tricolor'.A.Campanula rapunculus.T.O. calamint valerian 24. silver thyme 105. 44. betony 92. arcticus 'Coccineus'. southernwood houseleek 12.Viola odorata.Digitalis lanata. woolly thyme 101.T.Artemisia dracunculus var.-John'swort 91. arcticus 'Albus'. odorous thyme 104.Chelidonium majus. variegated garden sage 87. winter savory 88.Nepeta mussinii. graveolens. nitidus.Echium vulgare. angelica lemon geranium 5. majorana. officinalis 'Aurea'.T.T. purple basil English lavender 18.Salvia officinalis. rose costmary campion 23.

Mentha suaveolens. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. curry plant mullein 35. wild 116.M. × piperita var.Cichorium intybus. dyer's woad 110. Proliferum Group.Myrtus communis. × gentilis. apple mint 69. blattaria.Lilium candidum. chervil 68.A.Laurus nobilis. veronica 108.Chrysanthemum 74. cowslip 72. feverfew cinerariifolium.29.Verbascum thapsus.Oenothera biennis.Veronica officinalis.A. spicata.V.Allium sativum. ostrowskianum 34.Atriplex hortensis. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Sorbaria sorbifolia.cepa. Madonna lily leucanthemum. evening 77.M. 71. 76. orach115. orange mint 32.Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 30. spearmint 107.M. red mint comfrey 33. yucca 109.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Origanum dictamnus. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Dianthus plumarius 75.M.Helichrysum angustifolium. pin cherry 39. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. suaveolens 'Variegata'. 114.Symphytum officinale. citrata. chicory 70.Origanum vulgare. garlic 111. moth 113.Prunus pensylvanica.Lysimachia vulgaris.Yucca filamentosa. 73.Primula veris. tree onion 112. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. pineapple mint 31. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Chrysanthemum 78.Anthriscus cerefolium.Isatis tinctoria.

A wheelshaped bed. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. not just hiding it. Francis. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. but not obvious. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. its outline constructed of brick. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. < previous page page_104 next page > . there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. A statue of St. of good proportion for the size of the opening. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

white Justicia carnea. AREA IV Ixia maculata. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. only those not found on other lists are noted here. labdanum Cistus crispus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. menthifolia. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. cat Watsonia rosea. poet's Solidago californica. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. AREA VI japonica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. loquat Cichorium intybus. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. lion's-ear prismaticum. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Vetiveria zizanioides. potato Brassica eruca. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. Cestrum nocturnum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. Eleocharis dulcis. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Eriobotrya japonica. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'.

Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. One is a garden of legends. emphasizes the circle. an "old rose" and fragrant. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. < previous page page_106 next page > . The damask rose 'Celsiana'. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. and a third a culinary garden. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. but also for proper leaf size. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. another a Mary garden. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. is a center of interest. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. to name a few. The exterior brick path. or potpourri. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. not only for hardiness where needed. scented-leaf geraniums.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

English thyme 13.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. black 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue 28. 27.Calendula officinalis.Ornithogalum umbellatum. pot 26.Lamium album.The number in each planting area is the key number. Linum usitatissimum. yellow 25. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . saffron crocus marigold 7.Alchemilla vulgaris.Mentha spicata. Viola tricolor.19. spearmint 22.Ocimum basilicum. English ivy rosemary 8. sweet 21. Chamaemelum nobile. garden up sage 10. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pyrethrum 5.Origanum majorana.Crocus sativus. Johnny-jump.Narcissus mustard 14. angelica 2. chive bedstraw 16.Ruta graveolens. Chrysanthemum balsamita. blue 18. costmary 6.Brassica nigra. white dead 24.Hedera helix. Anethum graveolens.Galium verum. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.20. Angelica archangelica.Allium schoenoprasum. flax 17. lady's. sweet marjoram basil 12. hyssop rose 9. Artemisia absinthium. dill 11. chamomile 3. absinthe 4.Rosmarinus officinalis. Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.

It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. < previous page page_108 next page > .

hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. sweet Myrtus communis. spearmint Mentha × piperita. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. bay Echeveria × imbricata. fastigiata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. beach Monarda didyma. Myrrhis odorata. rue Malva alcea var. Russian 'Prostratus'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Artemisia absinthium. lemon balm Mentha spicata. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. blue Lamium maculatum. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. perennial flax Galium odoratum. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. clove Marrubium vulgare. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. peppermint Laurus nobilis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. Cotinus coggygria. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'.

An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. millstones.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. Appropriately used as accents. Viewed from the terrace garden. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. and huge. The generous use of edgings. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. simply on a smaller scale. too. This is a general rule observed. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. features a closed knot of superior design. < previous page page_110 next page > . they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs.

The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.A.Teucrium chamaedrys. cheddar pink 4. that of good proportion. blue hyssop 3. 'Tiny Rubies'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and the mulch.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. germander 2.L. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. dwarf box . Landscape Architect. six feet in diameter. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. The number in each planting area is the key number. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.S. Design plan of herb garden 1. Routine clipping is required.Hyssopus officinalis. lavender 5. angustifolia 'Munstead'. gray santolina 7. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. green santolina 6. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. of greater size than is commonly found.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. A.

sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. shadbush Salix caprea. box Myrica pensylvanica. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. black haw Prunus americana. goat willow Sassafras albidum. quince Magnolia virginiana. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. box Calycanthus fioridus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. honey locust Cornus florida. japonica. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. dogwood Pinus nigra. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. beach plum Corylus avellana. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. plum Prunus maritima.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis.

the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Annie Hall' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. its plant material varied. However. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. praecox subsp. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Salvia. silver thyme T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. arcticus T. Rosmarinus. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. praecox subsp. As a rule. Lavandula. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Doone Valley' . a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. doerfleri T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Argenteus'. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. leucotrichus T. and a miscellany of others. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. herba-barona. Currently. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. caraway thyme T.

officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. Mexican bush sage S. autumn sage S. greggii. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. golden variegated sage S. pine-scented rosemary R. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. heterophylla. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. English lavender L. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. crimson creeping thyme T. golden thyme T. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus'. angustifolia. sweet lavender L. ramie . praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. involucrata. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. 'Clear Gold'. guaranitica. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. praecox subsp.T. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. woolly thyme T. dentata. anise sage S. officinalis 'Purpurea'. leucantha. blue sage S. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustissimus. golden rosemary R. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R.

balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Smith. Herniaria glabra. for scrubbing pots. obedient plant. rupturewort. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. horsetail. The apple trees. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. to sweeten the air. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Sium sisarum. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. used in salads or boiled. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . which were located between the water supply. culinary. The house. L. to lure bees. Primarily. balmony. Hesperis matronalis. a well beside the house. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. constructed of brick made on the property. Circumstances determined these priorities. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Equisetum arvense. Cheloneglabra. Prunella vulgaris. Physostegia virginiana. family needsmedicinal. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope.

< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. while functional. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. < previous page page_116 next page > . in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. for a few are in use now. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. Today. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. too. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. too.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Wisteria frutescens. 1. 16.Lagerstroemia indica.Rosa banksiae. rosemary 2.Laurus nobilis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Punica granatum.Ficus carica. pomegranate 3. yellow 12. trumpet 11.Malus angustifolia. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Sambucus canadensis. fig 6.Lonicera sempervirens.Lonicera flava.Pinus taeda. Cape jasmine 10. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . wisteria 13.Prunus angustifolia.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Banksia rose 14. garlic 9.Syringa × persica var. bay 7.Allium sativum. southern laciniata. 15. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Gardenia jasminoides.

At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Appropriately. Italy. too. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. The effect would be quite different without them.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. < previous page page_118 next page > . Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Nepeta cataria. 1.Dipsacus sativus.Ilex opaca.Calendula officinalis.Hypericum perforatum. St.Lonicera sempervirens. 38. 50.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Melissa officinalis. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Artemisia dracunculus var. clove 36. tansy 65. hyssop sassafras 20. 61. wild ginger69.Ruta graveolens.Colchicum autumnale.Allium schoenoprasum.Punica granatum.Dianthus caryophyllus. box chamomile 9.Cassia marilandica. sweet 27. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. garden sage 59.Hyssopus officinalis. myrtle 53.Buxus sempervirens. peony 51.Teucrium chamaedrys. foxglove 41.Mentha pulegium. 54.Elizabeth Lawrence.Crocus sativus.Salvia officinalis. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. lovage 35. catnip 34. American holly 16. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Galium odoratum.Achillea millefolium.Symphytum officinale.Mentha × piperita.Cimicifuga racemosa.Pinckneya pubens.Mentha spicata. sweet 64. 66. sativa. agrimony 58.Lindera benzoin.Lavandula angustifolia. balm autumn crocus 2.Rosa laevigata.Lobelia siphilitica.Populus balsamifera.Eupatorium perfoliatum. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Asclepias tuberosa. 63.Paeonia officinalis. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Rosmarinus officinalis.Cornus florida.Chimaphila umbellata. lemon 26. 37.Monarda punctata. dill 39.Rubus allegheniensis. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Anethum graveolens. peppermint 52.Santolina chamaecyparissus. pot 48. horsemint lobelia 23. 55.Marrubium vulgare. bee balm 28.Levisticum officinale.Calycanthus fioridus. saffron crocus 25. 30.Asarum virginicum.Ilex vomitoria.Monarda didyma. great 47. fuller's teasel 67. 33.Laurus nobilis. borage 31.Vinca minor.Lilium candidum. sweet shrub 10.57.Xanthoriza simplicissima. senna woodruff 15. rue 56.Verbascum thapsus. 68.Digitalis purpurea.Borago officinalis. sweet flag marigold 24.Agrimonia eupatoria.Tanacetum vulgare.Armoracia rusticana. 70. fennel 40.Ocimum basilicum.Chamaemelum nobile. 45. butterfly 32. black 29. 43. basil chive 3.Acorus calamus. blue 44.Foeniculum vulgare. yellow-root 7. 60. white periwinkle spicebush 13. yarrow lungwort 22. blue 46.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Sassafras albidum. spearmint 62. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Hamamelis virginiana. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. mullein 49. 42.Pulmonaria officinalis.Gaultheria procumbens. dogwood horehound 18.

This is true for the remedies. < previous page page_120 next page > .< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. 1 T. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. and fragrances they developed. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. In any event. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. preventives. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening.

Viburnum prunifolium. absinthe 9. blue hyssop 21.Levisticum officinale. English thyme rosemary 7. pot marigold 2. lavender lovage 3. horehound 15. sweet marjoram 6.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. apothecary's rose 22. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis. sweet basil 13. opium poppy 5.Ocimum basilicum. peppermint 18. horsemint 20. caraway 19.Pyrus communis. catnip 16. tansy 11.Papaver somniferum. winter savory 4. spearmint 17.Satureja montana. 1.Carum carvi.Artemisia absinthium.Mentha × piperita.Nepeta cataria. Calendula officinalis.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. foxglove 12.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 8.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. black haw 23.Marrubium vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis.Monarda punctata. 14.Origanum majorana.Digitalis purpurea. English 10. quince 24.Tanacetum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia.Cydonia oblonga.

makes it something of a focal point. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. one dated 1759. < previous page page_122 next page > . and bricks raise the beds. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. The main paths of brick unify the garden. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The beds are used to achieve balance. Shaded by hop vines. centrally located. Thus it was for this garden. the other 1761. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and if the best has not always survived. from early Moravian settlements. to study it. Allowed such freedom of expression. Some could be used singly. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. for example the large square bed with circular path. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. often it is reconstructed.

L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. A.S. . Campbell.A.

caraway 72.Artemisia absinthium.Colchicum autumnale.Lilium candidum. betony 82. love.Althaea officinalis.Papaver rhoeas.Cnicus benedictus.Lagerstroemia indica. parsley 32.Allium sativum.Aquilegia vulgaris. blue 69.Chamaemelum nobile.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum.Silybum marianum.Rosa moschata. chestnut rose 43.Celosia cristata.Cornusflorida. 80.Salvia viridis.Salvia officinalis. eglantine Group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Foeniculum vulgare.Saponaria officinalis. hollyhock 51.Achillea millefolium. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . rosemary49. damask coriander rose 19. 62.Bellis perennis.Humulus lupulus. 81.Artemisia vulgaris. blue 63.Mentha spicata.Armoracia rusticana.Mentha × piperita.Carum carvi.Asparagus officinalis. mugwort67. corn poppy 79.Tropaeolum minus. lavender rose 21. asparagus 31. English thyme 2. lovage 9.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Tropaeolum majus.Coriandrum sativum. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Salvia sclarea. dill 73. basil moss rose 44. holy thistle 58. Carolina jessamine 38.Magnolia grandiflora.Nigella sativa.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Inula helenium. marsh mallow 7.Passiflora incarnata. clove 53.Pulmonaria officinalis. black cumin 46. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. 68. 52.Ficus. horehound 56. poet's narcissus 61. 48. yarrow 4. garlic lungwort 36.Ocimum basilicum. elecampane 11. balm chive 37.Tanacetum vulgare.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Dianthus caryophyllus.Vitis.Hydrangea quercifolia.Melissa officinalis.Amaranthus caudatus. 74.Hyssopus officinalis.Alcea rosea.Narcissus tazetta. 54.Rheum rhabarbarum.Rosa gallica. tansy 6. catnip 70. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. borage 5.Consolida ambigua. redbud 24. red pepper 20.Allium schoenoprasum.Chrysanthemum parthenium. hop southernwood 39. hyssop maypop 42.Symphytum officinale. orach 76.Gelsemium sempervirens. sweet 71.Atriplex hortensis.Rosa eglanteria. rue 14. daisy crape myrtle 23.Petroselinum crispum.Marrubium vulgare. 66.Rumex acetosa.Ruta graveolens.Rosa damascena.Matthiola incana. absinthe 45.Rosa roxburghii. fennel marjoram 28.Narcissus poeticus.Origanum majorana.Rosa centifolia.The number in each planting area is the key number. comfrey 33. English 78. French rose 18. virgin's bower 40. cockscomb 47. blessed thistle 8. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. stock 50. garden sage 15.Clematis virginiana. autumn crocus 34. columbine 29. clary 30.Nepeta cataria. sorrel 65.77. polyanthus narcissus 60.Borago officinalis.Anethum graveolens. chamomile 17. feverfew southern magnolia 27. spearmint 57. cabbage angustifolia.Rubia tinctorum. rhubarb 10. garden nasturtium 12. madder 16.Crocus sativus. annual clary 3.Stachys officinalis. grape larkspur 41. Madonna lily 59.Cercis canadensis. saffron peppermint crocus 35. lemon 64. dwarf nasturtium 13. sweet 55.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The next most desirable exposure. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. The lesser the scale. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Thus. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. far from the house. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . This space was never adequate. Although some observations may seem obvious. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Calluna (heather). Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. and the north point is established. First. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. A ravine and existing. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. even boggy. it is proper to make a trial run. Usually this is least desirable. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. the western.

Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. but it need not be identical. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. certainly not precisely the same. Indeed. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. and the search did not take long. a driveway on still another. single bed. 77 provided the needed inspiration. < previous page page_126 next page > . Then. as the drawing on p. The outline is fixed.ground where drainage is better. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. 127 indicates. and the property line on the last. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The new herb garden has been located. another is close to the rear of the house. There is the housegarage structure on one side. It was a pleasurable assignment. all four sides are so determined. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The general outline is similar. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season.

This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. then north. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. If all is well. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. In fact. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. Two drawings were required to work out problems. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. as in this case. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. forming the outer boundary of the service path. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. If. With the plan established. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. this low wall will enclose the garden area. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. something is amiss. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. In addition. There was no . which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

. and the finished edging would be effective. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. this was. a lapped joint was fashioned. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. At corners. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. however. admittedly. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. Before edgings could be put in place. In this case. the eight-foot length was more practical.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. In this area. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. the site required some leveling. eight. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. not one completed in a weekend. In the earlier stage of planning. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. However. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. A structural edging was in order. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. However.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

This method of treatment now guarantees . sand. for they will likely have more traffic. selected for its simplicity. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. filling the beds with soil was next. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. leaves. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. One is the ramp to the driveway. this same base underlies all the paths. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. Weeds. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Aged compost. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. A choice of five colors was available. The pattern is running bond. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Paving for the terraced area is brick. The latter need to be more substantially paved. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. could serve this purpose. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. Heavy black plastic. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. but there are exits to different levels. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. Unfortunately. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. had been proof of that. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs.

on a trial run of one course of brick.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. However. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . worth the added cost. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. even bed for the pavers. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick.

for it would interfere with the drainage system. Herbs have flourished in the beds. and the steps to other levels. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. . It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. converging where it was logical to do so. French drains. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. learned about decades earlier." their construction can be somewhat varied. With the completion of the paths.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. the terraced area. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. In this instance. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. since that path borders the house. Sometimes called "rubble drains.

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Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. and so on. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . in tenths of an inch. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. not necessarily referable to botanical species.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Its arrow points north and. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. and so on. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. in inches. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. having a variety of gradations. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. hundredths of an inch. for example. sixteenths of an inch. for example. a garden plan. is symmetrical. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. twelfths of an inch. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. albula. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. casts the shadow for the hour. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. often a wall or trellis. E EllipseAn oval.

G GazeboA freestanding. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. Usually a few inches thick. or colored earths. roofed structure usually open on the sides. M ManufactoryA factory. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. GrindstoneMillstone. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. a patterned garden. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. rounded fragments of rock. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. its compartments filled with flowers. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Pea gravelSmall. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. heated especially by fermenting manure. loose. ForthrightA straight course or path. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney.3. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. a flat. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. also called rubble drain. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects.brick) in the same course. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. turf. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.3). L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3.

a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.

called also a hose cock. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. R Rose. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Turf seatBanked-up earth. not treelike or with a single trunk. W Wall. walls. often planted with aromatic herbs. or steps. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. cutting. snug fit for walks. V VarietyA category below species. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. < previous page page_132 next page > . SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. ranking between species and variety. TreillageLatticework for vines. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Stone. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose.

Sevenoaks. Foley. Behme. Room Outside. Erichsen-Brown. 1980.. New York: Macmillan. 1942. London. 1973. Gertrude B. 1977. Brownlow. 1966. The Herb Garden. H.. Kent: The Herb Farm. New York. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Harriet Ballard. Gertrude B. .. How Plants Get Their Names. Bailey. Book of the Geranium. Earle. Batsford. Putnam's Sons. Helen Morgenthau. W. Jot. New York: Macmillan. L.: Geo. Sydney: B. Greenwood. Bailey Hortorium. 1961. Park's Success with Herbs. and Garden. New York: Macmillan.C. . P. Brookes. Foster. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Margaret E. 1976. Garden City: Doubleday. . New York: Macmillan. John E. Darrah. H. John. 1958. Herbsfor Every Garden.. 1944. T. Aurora. Roses. Independence. Carpenter. Coats.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. 1971. Berrall. Frances A. Garden Design. S. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. and Accessories. 1972. 1980. 1979. Rosetta E. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. London: Macmillan. Foster. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Dutton & Co. 1971. New York: Dover. Hortus Third. Herbals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Alice Morse. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Henry. Baumgardt. Terrace. London: Country Life.: Buckeye Printing Co. Crowe. Park Seed Co. New York: E. Seal. London: Marshall Cavendish. The Small Garden. P. John Philip. 1902. New York: Viking Press. Flannery. Agnes. Charlotte. 1970. New York: Viking Press. Rosemary F. 1935. 1951. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1951. 1982. New York: Crown Publishers. Herbs and the Earth. Peter. New York: G. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Daniel J. and Louden. The Cultivated Basils. 1957. 1938. Cross. ed. Complements. New York: Hawthorne Books. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Liberty Hyde.. L. London: Adam and Charles Black. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Robert Lee. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Green Enchantment. 1966. Mo. Fox. Edlin. Bardswell. Beston. 1911. London: Saturn Press. Toronto. Julia S. 1933. Doran & Co. Sylvia. Prof. British Plants. New York: Simon and Schuster. Hanging Plants for Home. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 14701670. Clarkson. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1963. Staff of. 1972. Helen H. 1962.

and Rice. Pozza. George H. Simmons. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Rev. Paul B. Johnson. Grieve. Co. 1946. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Plants of the Bible. P. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. 1969. Myron. Johns. Mrs. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1979. Kiaer.: Livingston Pub. Philippa. Amy Bess. Patrick M. Adelma G. M. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Alma. How to Select. Dutton & Co.) Rohde. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century.. Carol. Moldenke. Franco. 1974. Miller. 1911. M. New York: William Morrow and Co. Robert. 2d ed. Flowers of the Field. Horace. New York: Macmillan. Waltham. Rosengarten. Frances. Elizabeth. New York: Crown Publishers. 1966. Hendrickson. 1971.. 1978. A. Ann. 1938.. C. and Synge. Toronto: Little. New York: Viking Press. Italy.. New York: Macmillan. Sylva. Vegetable Dyeing. Lathrop. and Chiltoskey. New York: Harper & Bros. Boston. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. New York: Clarkson N.: Chronica Botanica Co. Edited by Clarence Elliott.. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications... Muenscher. London: Faber and Faber. Hamel. McFarland. 1976. Tucson: H. Loyal R. Mass. New York: E. Alice Recknagel. New York: Van Nostrand. 1970. 1959. Ireys. Harold N. Howard.. ed. Roses of the World in Color. 1974.: Herald Publishing Co. Loewenfeld. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. . Geraniums for Home and Garden. Sarah. Landscaping with Vines. Lerner. Lawrence. Roy.C. Dorothy Bovee. Walter. Frederic. The Herb Garden. New York: Doubleday. Vicenza. Loewenfeld. Eleanour Sinclair. Neri. Modern Herbal. Division Billboard Publications. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. 1975. The Concise Handbook of Roses. and Brunello. Grow and Enjoy. N. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Cherokee Plants. New York: Macmillan.. 1969. Krauss. Bernard Hickey. Hay. P. Brown & Co.. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Herbs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1951.Garland. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. New York: William Morrow & Co. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. New York: Dover. Claire. Claire. A Biblical Garden. Books. (1st American edition trans. Lawrence. 1970. The Berry Book. 1983. Gardens in Winter. Jones. and Back. A Garden of Herbs. Early American Gardens. 1961. How to Landscape Your Grounds. New York: De La Mare. Helen K. Potter. London: George Routledge & Sons. 1981. 1981.. 1971. Wynnewood. 1964. 1976. chemist. J. Pa. 1952. 1972. The Book of Spices. and Alma L. New York: Dover. Jr.. Boston. Leighton. Shaker Herbs. Lesch. 1975. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. The Art of Dyeing. Norma Jean. 1973. Mary U. 1982. Eigel.

Cozart. Robert G. Neil Hamill Park. Jo Lohmolder.. Boston: Ralph T. Susan W.L. Mrs. Mrs.. Bynam.. F. Shrub Roses of Today. Hammond Crawford. Leonie. Griffin.A. and Bell. A. C. Bush.A.. Mrs. 1972.A. L. Louise Beebe. 1972.. Meyer. Philip Batchelder. Moffit. Straus. Jr. A. Mrs. Sherry D. Elizabeth Lawrence. Thacker.D. L. W. A. Elisabeth W. L. Ingersoll. Vivian. New York: Simon & Schuster.. W T. 1931. Norman. Z. Mrs. New York.A. 1976..S. Wilson. James D. Martin. Fragrance in the Garden.A. William Y Dear. .. 1979. Malcolm. T. The Fragrant Garden. L. New York: William Morrow & Co. . Mrs. L... Melissa R.L. and Robert B. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Mrs. 1979. Bradner. New York: Dover. Peter M.A. Bleecker. Alfred L.S. Climbing Roses Old and New. New York: St. 1953. . Bates.. Stearn. Toronto: Van Nostrand. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Revised by Dr. Amy Bess Miller. Donald Paxton.. L. Martha Dahlen. New York: Hafner. Gannaway. Stuart. 1966. L. L. Sandy Hicks.. Mrs.. Singleton. London: Phoenix House.. A.A. Paxton.A. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. . Winthrop G.. George T. Christopher. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. Charles Patch. Berkeley Brandt. Michael. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Margaret Osborn Holt. Linda. William Radler. Mrs. Frank M. Taloumis. James C. 1982. Virginia B. Mrs. Jack Emil Geist.: Garden Way. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Tarantino. H. Rhoda Specht. L. Martin's. Weber. Mrs. ed.S. 1942. 1976. Vt. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Henry Gund. Herbert G.R. Marion E. William W.The Old Shrub Roses. Smith. John Ormsbee. L. 1953.A. New York. New ed. Webster. Mrs. Rev. 1965.A. Mr. 1974. The Fragrant Year. Lamm. Graham Stuart. McGarry. 1961.A. Mrs. Graham. Diane C. L. Mrs. New York: William Farquhar Payson. A. Associate. Martin's Press. Jr. Keebler. Price. John Poinier. Campbell. The History of Gardens. Stearn. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.. Wilder. L. The Shakespeare Garden.. Morss. Helen Noyes. Boerner. New York: McGraw-Hill. London: Phoenix House. Barbara Capen. Herbs in the Garden. Austin R.. Baker. Vera Breed. Yang. Hines. New York: Simon & Schuster. Indianapolis. Giroux. Maxton Davies. Plimpton.. Landscape Architecture. 1979.A. New York: St. Madalene Hill. Marshall.A. Helen Van Pelt. Benjamin McF. New York: Farrar. Onward and Upward in the Garden. William T. Robert K.. and Mrs. ed. Mrs. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. 1967.L. Hale & Co.. Charlotte.A. 1975. Esther. Mrs. William T. White. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. New York: Doubleday. 1972. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Botanical Latin. Mrs. Pees. Katherine S. Building Stone Walls. Thomas. 1962. John.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Mrs. Taylor. Charles L. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Nelva M.A. George. 1957. Leonard Dreyfuss. Mrs. Jr.A.. Mrs. L. Mrs. Zohary. Raymond V. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.A. Mrs. William C. L.A. Container Gardening Outdoors.

A. Old Salem. Skinner. Mrs. The Country Doctor Museum. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Talbot III. Matthew Miksch House. Hancock. L. R. and Mrs. Wilcox.. Christopher Spencer.. Tullie Smith House Restoration.. Semple. Swanson. Mrs.. Plain Dealer Photo. Walter Rebmann. Western Reserve Herb Society. Atlanta Historical Society. Bailey. < previous page page_134 next page > . Derthick.Rady. Greenland. N. University of Michigan.. Lansing. Pawtucket. James F. Mrs. Mrs. Shaker Community.I. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Milton C. Wisc. Faith H. Whitman.C. Hales Corners. Ann Arbor. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Linda Yang. Mrs. Frederick E. Nathan Sameth. N. Mich. Hancock Shaker Village. G. Ark. John A. Rose.. Harper. Michigan State University.. civic. Mrs. Little Rock.. L. L. Timothy Procter Ruh. L.. Gayle. Lawrence Schetky. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Mass. Ohio. Elbert Smith. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P.. Mich.A. Eloise andJo Ray. Christopher Rady..A. Booker Worthen. Inc.A. James S. Atlanta. Isadore L. Ga. Mrs. Ohio. Old Slater Mill Museum. Cleveland. N. Linda Yang. Milton Stricker. L. Mr. Mrs. Kingwood Center. Smith (Ann Leighton). Eric Duke Scott. Helen M. Weeks Brick House.H. Edmund G. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden.. Mrs..C. Architect. Inc.. Jean Ruh. Roberts. Mansfield. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Joan E. Winston-Salem. Joe H. The following provided historical. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind..

barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. E. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Narcissus triandrus. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. maritima L. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Y smalliana Agrimonia. C. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. officinalis.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Myrrhis odorata. A. barbadensis A. A. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. azoricum. A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum.

F. P. false Galium aristatum. acerifolium. V. Solanum aculeatissimum S. Lamium album Viburnum. laevis Rhododendron . grandiflorus Melissa M. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. officinalis. lycopersicum. S. V. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. ludoviciana var. G. P. M. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Monarda didyma Crataegus. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. officinalis Populus. melongena var. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. albula A. podagraria Asparagus A.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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coronaria . M. Mertensia virginica. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. vulgaris A. P. deltoides Campsis radicans.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. oleracea. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. alpina 'Alba' A. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. chrysantha Symphytum S. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. B. angustifolia.

maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. M. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. V. angustifolia. V. sativum R. verna. C. B. alpinum R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. alpinum R. pseudonarcissus miniature N. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. ioensis Vaccinium. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. maculatum G. macrocarpon. B. Italian D Daffodil M. coronaria. M. N. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea .

A. R. acetosa. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. obtusifolius R. crispus. Hosta H. x superbum Hemerocallis. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. A. Chrysanthemum frutescens. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. frutescens C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. C. rivieri. triphyllum . × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. R. H. Ferocactus latispinus. T officinale Bellis. Sansevieria. obtusifolius Rumex R. D. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. lilioasphodelus. lilioasphodelus H. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila.

Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Lychnis coronaria. Antennaria. gymnocarpa. azoricum Nigella. Senecio cineraria. N. S. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. damascena. Gnaphalium. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. C. pungens Sambucus S. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. C. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. arvensis. Centaurea cineraria. ragusina. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. N. Helichrysum.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. carica F. I. A. perenne .< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir.× germanica I. versicolor. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. I. carica Corylus C. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. O. usitatissimum L. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. Osmunda. L. regalis Adiantum. P. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum.

ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lanata D. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × germanica Myosotis M. sphaerocephalum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. lutea Allium sativum A. × limoneum P. neapolitanum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. grossularioides P radens P. purpurea D. I. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . quercifolium P. scorodoprasum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. Fumaria C. sativum var. odoratissimum P. Pelargonium. P. × hortorum P. tuberosum A.

tomentosum P. pratensis . 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. crispum P. chamaedrys T. capitatum P. P. T. quercifolium P. denticulatum P. T. × nervosum P. canadense. A. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. scabrum P graveolens P. Z. × citrosum P. tomentosum P. graveolens P. Tragopogon. officinale Z. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. glutinosum. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. × jatrophifolium P. canadense T. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. A.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. abrotanifolium P.

nervosa V. Vitis monticola. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. M. torquata E. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. V. C. Oxalis deppei. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. trifolia Cordyline terminalis.

Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack. golden Larix laricina.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. L. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Ophiopogon L. Pulmonaria . virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. triacanthos G. majalis Liriope. W.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. G. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Lythrum. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. C. Sempervivum Lobelia L. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium.

erecta T. C. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. lucida . tenuifolia M Mace. patula Calendula officinalis T. erecta T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. A. erecta T. Malva. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. M. pedatum Hibiscus. grandiflora M. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. alcea var. M. Malva.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

citrata M. A. vulgare O. vulgare 'Aureum' O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . aquatica var. majorana O. R. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. suaveolens M. piperita var. major. majorana O. citrata M. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. requienii M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. Spiraea alba. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. S. citrata M. onites O. vulgare O. odorata Achillea millefolium. dictamnus O. × piperita var. crispii M. Astrantia. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. O. citrata. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. × piperita var.

Azolla caroliniana. V. lactiflora Morus M. crepe Greek running Swedish wax Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. A. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. V. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. communis. Umbellularia californica. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. rubra M. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Myrrhis odorata. × gentilis M. Myrtus. thapsus V. alba Verbascum. M. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. olympicum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. vulgaris A.

V. P. nudum. poeticus N. album L. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. minus T. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. tazetta Tropaeolum T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. L. majus T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V.

prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. fragrans O. A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. cepa. C. telephium Iris × germanica var. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. fistulosum Atriplex. S. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. cepa A. I. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . florentina. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Scilla verna. fragrans Allium. O. Castilleja californica. Proliferum Group A. cepa. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. vulgare var. A. fistulosum A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. hortensis A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum.

neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. patens. A. P. A. P. crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. crispum P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia.

Longum Group Capsicum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. C. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. annuum. retroflexus. Longum Group C. C. annuum. annuum. C. annuum. annuum. Chenopodium. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. roseus C. A. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. P frutescens Catharanthus. frutescens C. Piper C. paniculata P. album Ranunculus ficaria . roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. annuum. annuum. Grossum Group C. Conoides Group Capsicum.

umbellata var. nigra P strobus P taeda P. taeda Chimaphila. P salicina P angustifolia. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. × paradisiaca. C. P. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. taeda P. officinalis Dianthus D. umbellata var. M. Plantago P. alpinus D. watsonii P maritima P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. gratianopolitanus D. angustifolia var. caryophyllus D. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. C. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Prunus japonica. plumarius. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. plumarius D. americana .Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Silene laciniata.

rhoeas P. vulgare Lithospermum. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. Liriodendron tulipifera P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. biennis P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. L. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . P. S. 0. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. E.

ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. rhabarbarum R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. A. canadensis C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. Hesperis . oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. pepo Portulaca. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. coccineum C. P. Diplotaxis. C. pepo C. R. C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. sativum var.

sativa Rosa R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × harisonii R. × borboniana Kerria. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Rosa chinensis R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. banksiae R. laevigata R. × borboniana R. canina. R. canina R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica 'Officinalis' R. gallica R. moschata . damascena 'Bifera' R. chinensis 'Minima' R. centifolia R. damascena R. spinosissima R. × borboniana R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. Rubus coronarius R.

officinalis Limonium R. microphylla S. S. pitcheri S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. caerula. officinalis S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. rugosa R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. sclarea S. guaranitica S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. azurea subsp. angustissimus R. × rehderana R. Rosmarinus.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. Salvia hierosolymitana . clevelandii S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. setigera R. greggii S. R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R.

atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. halimus Crithmum maritimum. chamaecyparissus S. S. neapolitana S. maritimum E. Salicornia. S. chamaecyparissus S. leucophylla S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. hebecarpa. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. leucantha S. montana Scabiosa S. marilandica Amelanchier . A. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. S. C. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. P. viridis S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. elegans S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. virens. guaranitica S. T.

Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.

V. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. C. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. P. americana. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. coggygria. coggygria Cotinus. C. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. nivalis Lamium album. G. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. biflorum . P. coggygria C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus.

Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. H. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. O. patulum. scutatus R. H. R. officinalis thyme-leaved V.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. S. Ornithogalum arabicum. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. japonica Sorbaria. E. V. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . crassipes O. L. pyrenaicum. acetosa.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. O. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O.

floridus Philadelphus . crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. M. O. vulgare var. T vulgare T. O. C. crispum T. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca F. sativa Amaranthus caudatus.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. dracunculus var. incana M. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. vesca F. chiloensis F. perennis. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vulgare var. incana M. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea.

Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. 'Clear Gold' T. phaenopyrum C. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . 'Broad-leaf English' T. T. arcticus T. C. A. marianum S. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. marianum S. laevigata Eupatorium. Silybum marianum S. praecox T. benedictus. pallasianus T. sylvestris D.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. E. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. × citriodorus T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. maritima Thymus. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. praecox subsp. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Argenteus' T.

P. peruviana P. noli-tangere. sanctum Tulipa T.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. L. lycopersicum L. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. cerasiforme. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. alata Lycopersicon. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. I. pruinosa. Coreopsis Linaria. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. lycopersicum var. sanctum O. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. C. lycopersicum var. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. Physalis peruviana L. radicans Bignonia capreolata. P.

C. V. caeruleum Clematis. canina. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. P. odorata V. C. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Chimaphila. cornuta V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. caprea .Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. odorata V. officinalis Polemonium. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. V riviniana Viola odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' V.

absinthium A. verticillata Chimaphila. nudum Isatis I. W. caprea. Corydalis sempervirens A. ambrosioides Artemisia. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. frigida A. Gaultheria procumbens. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. S. annua A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. gmelinii A. V. pontica. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Vanilla barbellata A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Stachys . I. camphorata A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria.

I. × media 'Hicksii' T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. X.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. simplicissima Cladrastis. millefolium A. ageratum A. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. vomitoria I. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . lutea. tomentosa Ilex cassine. C. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. filipendulina A.

maidenhair fern. butter-print. calamus Adiantum A. Indian mallow. longifolia Achillea A. pedatum Agastache A. blue giant hyssop. alpinus Aconitum A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. millefolium A. parlor m. maidenhair American maidenhair. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A.. h. cana A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. monkshood flowering maple. napellus Acorus A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. breviflora A. yarrow sneezeweed. sanguinary. Indian mallow China jute. theophrasti Acacia A. five-finger f. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. fennel g. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A.. fourcroydes sweet flag. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. monkshood helmut flower. ageratum A. foeniculum Agave A. lion's tail anise hyssop.. taygetea A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . thousand-seal. nose-bleed. fragrant g. h. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. calamus maidenhair fern.

christophii A. sativum var. two-bladed o. cive. hemp plant agrimony. schoenoprasum A. sisal hemp. vulgaris Allium A. Japanese bunching o. neapolitanum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. serpent garlic chive. moly A. ostrowskianum A. ciboule. giganteum A... fistulosum A. cocklebur. flowering o. Pulchellum A. garlic rocambole. sisalana Agrimonia A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. flavum A.. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. githago Ajuga A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A.. ophioscorodon A. senescens var. purple c. Spanish o. lily leek daffodil garlic. tree o. scorodoprasum A.A. karataviense A. Rosenbachianum A. sativum A. schnittlauch giant garlic . reptans Alcea A. rosea Alchemilla A. alpina A.

hupehensis var. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. bugloss alkanet. shad. Barbados a.. juneberry.glaucum A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinarum Anchusa A. barbadensis Aloysia A. Curasao a. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. shadbush. triphylla Althaea A. garlic c. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. tuberosum Aloe A.. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. pulsatilla Anethum A. marschalliana A. Oriental garlic . archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. blanda A. officinalis Amaranthus A. japonica A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinalis Anemone A. canadensis Amsonia A. cerefolium chervil angelica. medicinal a. sphaerocephalum A.. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. archangel. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. bugloss windflower. caudatus Amelanchier A. white m.

vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens var. alpina 'Alba' A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A. chrysantha A. European crowfoot bearberry.

pontica A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. bear's grape. sea pink thrift. gmelinii A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. frigida A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. lactiflora A. albula A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . Ludoviciana var. red cole sagebrush. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. sandberry. dracontium A. europaeum A. annua A. stewardsonii Armeria A. arborescens A. asarabacca wild ginger. mealberry. hog cranberry. triphyllum A. mugwort. virginicum bearberry. kinnikinick. camphorata A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. wormwood southernwood. pink or white horseradish. old man southernwood absinthe. sativa A. maritima Armoracia A. rusticana Artemisia A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. creashak green-dragon. dracunculus var. mountain box. triphyllum subsp. canadense A.

. rattleweed winter cress. wild blue i. papyrifera Boehmeria B. China grass borage borage. vulgaris. c. upland cress winter cress.. wild indigo blue false indigo. plains f. australis B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. ruby s. ruby s. halimus A. mountain spinach false indigo. tuberosa Asparagus A. vulgaris Bellis B. jaundice berry. piprage beet swiss chard. B. s. orach sea orach. pleurisy root. rocket. talewort. yellow r. major Atriplex A. s. c. silkweed. tuberroot. c. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. officinalis Astrantia A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. nivea Borago B. mustard . tinctoria Barbarea B. perennis Berberis B. hortensis B Baptista B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry.Asclepias A. Chinese silk plant. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. i. butterfly flower butterfly weed. saltbush orach. wild indigo. garden o. c. cool-tankard cole.

pineapple s. microphylla 'Nana' B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. floridus Campanula C. strawberry s..B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla var. white-flowered k. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. eruca B. sempervirens B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . microphylla 'Green Pillow' B.. grandiflora Calendula C. carpatica C. koreana B.

p. p. s. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. green p. o. crown plant trumpet creeper. trumpet flower. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. pimento sweet pepper s. C. p. s.. p.. persicifolia C. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. o. p. o. cow-itch. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o.C. red p. rapunculus Campsis C.. o. bell p. sweet pepper. p. p. o.. p. green p. p. chili p. o. o. p. p. o. s. trumpet vine.

canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. ovata Cassia C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. majus Chelone cayenne p. canariensis Cedrus C. shellbark h. carvi Carya C. Tabasco-sauce p. cristata Cercis C. garden c. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. marilandica Catharanthus C. chili p. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. capsicum p. celandine celandine turtlehead. Madagascar periwinkle. nobile Chelidonium C. frutescens Carthamus C... red p. deodara Celosia C. false saffron..< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. snakehead . Tabasco p. senna. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. tinctorius Carum C. illinoinensis C. Russian c. bastard s.... Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.

leucanthemum C. balsamita C. pigweed Mexican tea. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. wormseed. parthenium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. pyrethum. dwarf 1. virgin's bower. Dalmatia p. wax flower. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. fat hen ambrosia. barbe-de-capuchin. red-leaved chicory bugbane. rattletop black cohosh. virginiana balmony goosefoot. bonus-henricus C. intybus Cimicifuga C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. ladanifer Citrus C. American w.. cinerariifolium C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. × superbum Cichorium C.. ambrosioides C. glabra Chenopodium C. coccineum C. virgilia virgin's bower. wintergreen. botrys Chimaphila C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. lutea Clematis C.. Meyer 1. frutescens C. mint geranium. leather flower. × jouiniana 'Mrs. feather geranium.C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. devil's-darning- . Chinese dwarf 1. old-man's-beard costmary. crispus C. umbellata Chionanthus C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. leather flower. racemosa Cistus C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.. alecost pyrethrum. Robert Brydon' C. Spanish t.

red haw hawthorn English h. autumnale Comptonia C. sativum Cornus C. apiculatus Crataegus C. cneorum Coptis C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. Venetian sumac. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. quick-set. smokebush. peregrina Consolida C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . arkansana C.. thorn apple. majalis Convolvulus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. trifolia Coreopsis C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. smokebush smoke tree. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. smoke plant.needle Cnicus C. florida Corylus C. avellana Cotinus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. Chinese parsley dogwood. ambigua C. thorn. benedictus Coix C. orientalis Convallaria C. laevigata C.

supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. speciosus 'Albus' C. speciosus C. West Indian 1. citratus Cytisus C. maritimum Crocus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. gracilis Dianthus D.C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. × allwoodii D. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . sempervirens Cydonia C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. sativus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.. kotschyanus C.. sieberi C. angustifolius C. scoparius C.

albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. burning bush. carnation. gas plant. sativus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . × imbricata Echium clove pink. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. lanata D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. spectabilis Dictamnus D. sylvestris Doronicum D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. grandiflora D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs.

jacinth. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. arvense E. S. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. b. viridis Epimedium E.E.. japonica Eryngium E. ironbark. poppy eucalypt. plum eryngo sea holly. perfoliatum E. dulcis Endymion E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . sea eryngo California poppy C. J. epimedium barrenwort. blueweed. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. gum tree. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. torquata Euonymus E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. rugosum v. sea holm. hyemale Eranthis E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. pungens Eleocharis E. californica Eucalyptus E. Australian gum. Japanese medlar.

vulgare var. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.s. vulgare subsp. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. cyparissias F Ferula F. finocchio. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig.s.Euphorbia E. vulgaris Foeniculum F. a. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. major Fragaria F. imperialis Fumaria F. a. vulgare F.s. alpine s. vulgare F. chiloensis F. assafoetida Ficus F. ulmaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. sow-teat s. a.

. checkerberry. odoratum G. alumroot herb Robert. mountain tea. teaberry. tinctoria Geranium G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. vernalis H. robertianum Glechoma G. sweet w. nivalis Galium G. cleavers white bedstraw. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. runaway robin. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. our-lady's-b.F. Carolina yellow j. jasminoides Gaultheria G. triacanthos Gossypium G. woodwaxen. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. honey locust. virginiana Hedeoma H. Carolina jasmine G. gardenia. false baby's-breath woodruff.. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground.. spotted c. wild c. germanica G. hederacea Gleditsia G. field balm. verum Gardenia G. mollugo G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. red Robin . Carolina jessamine Genista G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. Capejasmine wintergreen. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. maculatum G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. mock p.. dyer's greenweed. ground ivy.

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bastard jute. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. China rose. foetidus H. blacking plant plantain lily. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. angustifolium H. Deckaner h. daylily . glabra Hesperis H.. Hawaiian h. curry plant false licorice. sweet r.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. × luteola Herniaria H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket.. orientalis Hemerocallis H. licorice plant heliotrope. turnsole heliotrope. atrorubens H. bimli j.. corsicus H. bimlipatum j. mallow. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. arborescens Helleborus H. giant m. niger H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. cannabinus H. Indian hemp. garland 1. flavescens Helenium H. lemon d. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. Chinese hibiscus. rose m. Deccan h. rose-of-China. matronalis Hibiscus H. lilioasphodelus H.. hibiscus kenaf... cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. lividus subsp.

perforatum Hyssopus H. lupulus Hydrangea H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. box-leaved h. I.H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. orangeroot. rose h.-John's-wort St. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. navelwort gotu kola St. asiatica Hypericum H. horned h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. crenata var. quercifolia Hydrastis H. . Burford's holly Japanese holly. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. box-leaved h..-John's-wort hyssop blue h. white h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. patulum 'Sungold' H. European h.-John's-wort St.

J. cristata I. spotted t. tinctoria Inula I. chinensis var. 'Great Lakes' I. pseudacorus Isatis I. crested dwarf i. helenium Ipomoea I. capensis Indigofera I. florentina I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. glabra I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. pallida 'Dalmatica' I.. alba Iris I. wilsonii Impatiens I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. horizontalis creeping j. × germanica var. tinctoria Ixia I. touch-me-not jewelweed. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i.. crested i. jewelweed. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . yellow flag.I. water f. maculata J Jasminum J. snapweed. African corn lily corn lily orris.. woad dyer's woad. virginiana red cedar jasmine. officinale Juniperus J. opaca I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. vomitoria 'Nana' I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris.

nobilis Lavandula L. dumb nettle.. plume plant. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. n. plume flower.. dentata var.. carnea Brazilian-plume. dentata L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. bay. album L. sweet bay laurel.Justicia water willow J.. white d. brandegeana shrimp plant J. paradise p. king'scrown L Lactuca L. angustifolia subsp. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. angustifolia L. n. flamingo p. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. d. indica Lamium L. maculatum L.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

benzoin Linum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. summer s. chalcedonicum Limonium L. sativum Leucojum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. hedge plant privet. marsh rosemary. candidum L. muscari Lobelia L. lovage privet. officinale Ligustrum L. aestivum Levisticum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. blue cardinal flower . pepperwort. perenne L.. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. usitatissimum Liriope L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. leonurus Leontopodium L.

catchfly mullein pink. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. gypsywort. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . satin flower honesty. vulgaris Lythrum L. moonwort. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. stellata M. honesty. maritima L. coral h. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. silver-dollar. coronaria L. money plant. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. virginiana sweet alyssum. europaeus Lysimachia L.. grandiflora M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. flava L. campion. lycopersicum var. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia.L. cordata Magnolia M. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. coronaria 'Alba' L. penny f. lycopersicum var. sempervirens Lunaria L. annua Lychnis L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L.

curly m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. apple m. stock stock. bluebells... angustifolia M. pulegium M. menthella. horsemint .. blue barberry apple. musk m. Brampton stock. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. hupehensis Malva M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. sweet b. bergamot m. gillyflower. pennyroyal Corsican m. 'Guiding Star' M. holly g. aquatica M. fastigiata Marrubium M. holly barberry. longifolia M. lungwort bluebells. citrata M. 'Eau de Cologne' M.Mahonia M.. cowslip. white h. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. × piperita M. American crab. mountain g. × gentilis M. × piperita var.. lemon m. incana Melissa M. officinalis Mentha M. alcea var. imperial stock balm lemon b.. pineapple m. bee b. Virginia b. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. Scotch m. incanum M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. requienii M.. b. horsemint peppermint orange mint. holly mahonia. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. vulgare Matthiola M. Oregon g. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M... Virginia c.

Swedish m. punctata Montia M. red m.. American m. banana abaca. citriodora M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. candleberry. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. fistulosa M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. swamp c. odorata Myrtus M. white bee balm pink b. b. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Greek myrtle. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. sylvatica Myrica M. textilis Myosotis M. myrrh. pink b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . winter purslane.M. white b. anise. sweet cicely. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. fistulosa var. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. Oswego tea. menthifolia M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. b. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

aspen. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. nepalensis P.. golden hardhack. angustifolia P. vulgaris Prunus P.Poncirus P. hackmatack. Americana P. pasture b. balsam p. veris Prunella P. hog-pasture b. sieboldii 'Alba' P. Jerusalem sage. domestica P. maritima P. sand p. widdy shrubby c. elatior P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. cowslip self-heal self-heal. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. persica Pteridium P. pensylvanica P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . granatum Pyrus P.. tacamahac cinquefoil. heal-all.. lungwort blue 1. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. hardy orange poplar. all-heal salad burnet. brake. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. five-finger shrubby c. trifoliata Populus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. brake bracken. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead.

China r. eglantine. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. York-and-Lancaster r. banksiae R.. purshiana Rheum R. stellata R Ranunculus R. × borboniana R. eglanteria R. brier Banksia r. red currant. dog b. typhina Ribes R. garden r. gooseberry alpine c. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. crowfoot lesser celandine.. luteola Rhamnus R. pilewort mignonette weld.. rose.. alpinum R. . small c. pie plant. autumn damask r.. brier r. cabbage r. sativum Rosa R. dog r. fairy r. garden c. pygmy r.Quercus Q.. canina R. gallica damask r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. mountain c. 'Cinderella' R. sweetbrier French r. Bourbon r. moss r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. moss r. chinensis 'Minima' R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. ficaria Reseda R. dyer's rocket rhubarb.

Cherokee r. madder bramble blackberry. × harisonii R. garden sorrel broad dock. moschata R. bitter d.. wichuraiana R. musk r.. rugosa R. 'Schneezwerg' R. chinquapin r. obtusifolius R. chestnut r. golden p. polyantha r. hirta Rumex R. angustissimus R. rosemary white r. r. French sorrel rue . snowdwarf memorial r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. Scotch r. roxburghii R. burnet r. acetosa R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Japanese r.'Officinalis' R.. × rehderana R. Harison's yellow r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. tinctorum Rubus R. climbing r. sorrel. rosemary pine-scented r. setigera R. Turkestan r. dock s. spinosissima R. laevigata R. prostrate rosemary.. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. climbing r. prairie r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.

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clevelandii S. American e. purple sage baby sage garden sage. microphylla S. bloodroot rue . greggii S. clary annual clary elder. guaranitica S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. caprea Salvia S. purple variegated garden s. leucantha S. elegans S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. viridis Sambucus S. caerula S. osier goat willow. pussy willow sage. argentea S. sclarea S. golden g. elderberry American e. purple g. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. canadensis willow. garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. involucrata S. s. bloodroot red puccoon. gray sage. s. Mexican bush s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. leucophylla S. variegated garden s.

marianum Sium S. milk t. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. hemp plant snake plant. St.Sanguisorba S. roof h.. devil's tongue. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. mad apple . neapolitana S.. pincushion flower pincushions. hortensis S. lucky plant. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. hen-and-chickens. morganianum S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. jasminoides S. tectorum Silybum S. sweet s. melongena var. telephium Sempervivum S. pinnata S. live-forever houseleek. live-forever houseleek. Mary's t. atropurpurea Sedum S. officinalis Sassafras S.. good-luck plant. trifasciata Santolina S. skirret potato vine eggplant. mourning-bride stonecrop. blessed t.. sisarum Solanum S. canadensis Sansevieria S. virens Saponaria S. albidum Satureja S.

Aztec m. californica Sorbaria S. lutea Stokesia S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S.. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. reticulata var.. americana Stachys S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. woundwort lamb's-ears. officinale Syringa S. lilac . officinale S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. grandiflora S. vulgaris 'Addie V. big m. laevis Symphytum S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. × persica var. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. patula melongene. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. hedge nettle. laciniata Persian lilac S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. erecta marigold African m. byzantina S.

tansy tansy. culinary golden lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. procumbent g. germander American g. yew conical y. upright y. officinale Taxus T.. marum Thuja T. vulgare T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. crispum Taraxacum T. signet m. dwarf m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. filifolia T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. fruticans T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.T. carnosus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. vulgare var. columnar y. . golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. 'Argenteus' T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t.. lemon t. wood sage germander dwarf. occidentalis Thymus T. dense y.. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. sweet mace French m. lucida T. canadense T.

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richardii subsp. pratensis Trichostema T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. herba-barona T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. red c. t. leucotrichus T. t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. not culinary French t. glabrescens T. woolly thyme creeping t. wishbone flower. lanatum Trifolium T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. praecox T..< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. nitidus T. nummularius T. jasminoides Tragopogon T.. odorus t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. lemon t. praecox subsp. doerfleri T. zygis Torenia T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. confederatej. serpyllum T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. . crimson c. pallasianus T. caraway t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. creeping t.

olympicum V. canadensis Tulipa T. 'General de Wet' T. tarda T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. Indian cress dwarf n. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. officinalis Verbascum V. tawny orange t. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s.Tropaeolum T. mullein mullein. maritima Urtica U. bitter Indian garden n. clusiana T. squill.. early. kaufmanniana T. flannel plant. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. 'Blizzard' T. tall n. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. cranberry. huckleberry. angustifolium var. blueberry. 'Sweet Harmony' T. majus T. red s. thapsus Veronica V. . species t. officinalis V. blattaria V. pale yellow Darwin t. speedwell. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. laevifolium Valeriana V. water-lily t. farfara U Urginea U.. dioica V Vaccinium V. nettle stinging n. velvet p. minus Tsuga T. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t.

simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. cassinoides V. lesser p. possum haw . nannyberry.. lutea 'Splendens' V. arrowwood. heartsease. running m. myrtle. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. canina V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.Vetiveria V. odorata V. heartsease pansy. minor Viola V. zizanioides Viburnum V.. khus-khus. acerifolium V. maple-leaved viburnum. sheepberry. tricolor V. sweet h. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V.. ladies-delight. carlesii V. prunifolium Vinca V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. violet dog violet horned v. withe-rod vetiver. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. × wittrockiana Vitis V.

Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. ginger. Adam's-needle. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . officinale ginger true ginger.

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