This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
< previous page
next page >
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
This was not to be. whether all their labor was to no avail. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. This they did. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. seven years ago. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Ginny had done some writing. and the experience provided the final section of the book.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. Then. Again they revised. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. pushing. for they had no model and no guide. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. alterations. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. more of them exist to serve as examples. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. responded with delight. Their energy and charm caught me up. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. The turning point came when. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. carefully chosen. and record every detailall of the failures. and the publisher. with sparkling enthusiasm. punching. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . especially poetry. bereft of hope. successes. With false starts and honest stops. build it. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. wheedling. and I have had the pleasure of advising. It needs no sequel.
Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Italics are always used for botanical names. English thyme. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Some of these were created by landscape architects. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. We. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. although countless common names exist. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. To achieve this. rather. degree of maintenance required. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Likewise. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. while others were prepared by landscape designers. The herb garden designs alone." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. or by contributors.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. historical interest. we completed a test garden. and educational purpose. 1969 and 1980. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. the authors. specialty. by their owners. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. former generic names. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. Not all plants used are herbs. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. A range of essential factors is considered herein. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. without accompanying commentary. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. and these are capitalizedfor example. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. .
< previous page page_ix next page > .
Jo Lohmolder. Nell Neff. FAITH H. has been especially helpful over the years. president. always encouraging us to stay with our project. and August Frugé. Richard T. Swanson and Robert B. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature.. Keebler and the late Everest P. librarian. Eleanor Gambee. Wanda Ritchie. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Recognition is due Robert B. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. former managing editors. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Special thanks are due James C. and Elizabeth Bryce. former director of same. Trudi Bela. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. and the horticulturist. Isaacson. She has served. Alexander Apanius. Betty Rea. and Rexford Talbert. A lecturer on herbs. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Susan Frugé. We are grateful to many. Lee Buss. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us.D. Finally. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Derthick. which made possible the completion of our text.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Weatherhead. has given us valuable information. His assistant. The late Raymond C. Genevieve Jyurovat. and Joanna Reed. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Alice Skelsey. Herbert J. too. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. past presidents. as expediter and typist. M. Rady. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . have also been of assistance.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
As one constantly reinforces the other. some of which are evergreen. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. In order to create a fine garden design. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. or an abandoned. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. a front dooryard. and decisions must not be left to chance. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. not at all difficult to maintain. the north point will have been indicated. temples of worship. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. new ways of seeing. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other." A good design does not "happen." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. new plants. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. and hedges will have been located. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. If no . lay out a plan of the property. to increase the value of the property. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. As Henry Beston reflects. and structures. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. "Not difficult to plan. fences. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. Its interest is independent of flowers. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Perennial herbs. partially excavated area. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden.
fences. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. < previous page page_2 next page > .Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.
a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. to locate the house. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. A deed description. other significant structures. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. too. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. measure to locate the house. too. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. Next. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. such as the one illustrated here. measurements are in engineer's scale.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. In the absence of a survey map. The object is to . In this example. Other areas may require a smaller scale. and the driveway. but with all needed information. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. Here. will give the lot or acreage measurements. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale.
plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. and parallel lines. < previous page page_3 next page > . the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. paths. driveway. enclosures. shrubs. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. lines at an angle. and unusual land features noted. The smaller the scale. The tools needed for drawing are few. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. triangleof inexpensive plastic. graph paperfor use under tracing paper.
A toolhouse. gazebo. garage. old smokehouse. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. and holly. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. yew. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. One basic rule is the higher the wall. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. greenhouse. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. In the designs that follow. and hedges of hemlock. bayberry. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. However. With the plan on paper. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. iron.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. or summer kitchen is ideal. Upkeep. and stone. brick. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. In some cases. In the absence of a structure. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. they can be made to order. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Whatever the reason. landscape timbers. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Gates are part of the enclosure. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Where air circulation is much needed. whether it will be rocks. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. In some climates. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. it will seem too sparsely planted. or natural. Rosemary. deeply evergreen. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Lower cost is an advantage. .< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. or pressure-treated lumber. railroad ties. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. At first. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. for example. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. or. annual painting is a necessity. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. For example. but the results will confirm this course. Generally. such as bayberry. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. the garden design is most attractive. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. If desired. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. and their styles are countless. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. painted. Stained. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. box. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. bricks. Styles are legion. If used. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Equally important is proportion. for reinforcing the design. elegant box. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Allow adequate room within the row. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. some deciduous and some evergreen. and rosemary. as an example. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Brick is the all-time favorite material. gray surfaces are found. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. as in outdoor room dividers. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. cut stones. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. if wood is the material of choice. Stone. holly. too. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. yew. so give them much thought. however. When used with a hedge. When this reinforcement is understated.
Conversely. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. there is a necessary. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . awkward and unsafe. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.Steps When constructing steps.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
< previous page page_6 next page > .
these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Access paths.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. their use no less than comfortable. . Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Choose the path material equally for comfort. If groups are walking through. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. The colors are various: terracotta. making the design more evident. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. There are. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. cost. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. the greater the tread. Step materials need not be the same as. but should be compatible with. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. however. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Paths must be ample. It is a general rule that the less the riser. and maintenance. appearance. or red. rosy pink. A width of four feet allows room for turning. because they are just that. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. for example. too.
A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.
or trees to be considered. they should not shade the herbs too much. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. bark or pine needles can be used. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. a result being hazardous footing. This.) To avoid having a slippery surface. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. is an enjoyable experience. If the garden is made up of separate beds. a soft-lead pencil in hand. shrubs. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. serviceberry. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. prepare a planting plan for each. When they mature.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . With these recommendations in mind. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. shad Malus coronaria. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. They are easily renewed as they break down. and many good references are available. too. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic.
however. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. too. for example. such as the one illustrated here. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. one-half inch equals one foot. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Do use a soft-lead pencil.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. 'Mount Hood daff. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. lemon thyme. it is easily read and easily erased. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. noting well their growth habits. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. for example. It needs. a focal point is customarily used. or whatever is best in your case. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Often this center of interest is a sundial. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. whether they are invasive or tall growing. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. Artifacts As with other gardens. Sept.
Again. < previous page page_9 next page > . It is then in scale with its frame. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. If a statue less than life-size is used. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. the height of a fence to the house. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. a niche of its own should be created. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
However. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. a stylized drawing of an ovary.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. that of good proportion. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. the designs have a decorative north point. For easy reference. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. Except for two.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
which is used here in relation to a garage. 14.Poterium sanguisorba. 7. lovage 17. 16. a fence. dill cerasiforme. sativa. bee balm 13.S.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 22. 6. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Pelargonium graveolens. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. 1. The rules of symmetry are observed. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. arcticus 27. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. summer 23.Lobularia maritima. 4. lemon balm .Thymus praecox subsp.Viola tricolor. Foeniculum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. salad burnet 12.Melissa officinalis. 26. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 5. sweet 25.Galium odoratum.Allium 11.Satureja hortensis.L.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. 21. or other structure. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja montana. Lavenders accent the front corners.A. Landscape Architect. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. lemon 15. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. A.Origanum majorana. 3. rose 24. With color and texture considered for contrast. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. fennel 2. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. The first number in each planting area is the key number. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.
Origanum heracleoticum. 19. curly parsley 10.Salvia officinalis. costmary 'Albus'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. leek 9. dwarf garden 20. Greek 28. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.8. chive 18. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. Pelargonium × limoneum.Porrum Group.
as was done here. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Lavandula angustifolia. 18. . rose 19. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. Petroselinum crispum var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. curly parsley sativa. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 17.Foeniculum vulgare. lemon verbena 21. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 13. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. French tarragon 2. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Rosmarinus officinalis. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. bush basil 3.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Aloysia triphylla.Satureja hortensis. summer 10. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Pelargonium graveolens. 1.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium tomentosum. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. 9.Monarda didyma. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. 11. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Poterium sanguisorba.Allium schoenoprasum. 12. white 20.
Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Rosa eglanteria. 16. 14.Galium odoratum.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana. English thyme dill 8.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.salad burnet 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. eglantine 23. English'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.
Satureja hortensis. English thyme Greek oregano 4. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. salad burnet 14. 9. however. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. lovage 15. spearmint 16. The image would soon give way to other considerations. Origanum majorana.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon thyme 10.Petroselinum crispum.Mentha spicata. A. making the beds larger and the paths wider. The garden is conveniently located. 1.Thymus × citriodorus. 7. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.S. sweet marjoram 3.Taxus cuspidata. dill 2. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. and the plan could be used at a front door. Even in limited space. Japanese yew 17. The number in each planting area is the key number. Origanum heracleoticum. still observing a scale. 13.Levisticum officinale.Chionanthus virginicus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.A. sativa. summer savory 11. garden sage 8. . Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. however. parsley 5.Salvia officinalis. Then the design might need to be expanded. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Poterium sanguisorba.L.
Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6.Ocimum basilicum.
Digitalis grandiflora.Origanum majorana. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. 32. salad 20. The long.Allium ampeloprasum. 18. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. fraxinella 15. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. 25. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. sweet violet 16. Landscape Architect.Osmunda cinnamomea. 33. lavender marjoram 2. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. hop sativa. the challenge is obvious. 31. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.S.L. 6. bee balm 14.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. wild ginger 27.Polystichum acrostichoides.Primula vulgaris. blue lungwort 26. Jacob's-ladder 3. leek Foeniculum vulgare. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.A. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. This is an intimate garden. The number in each planting area is the key number.Pulmonaria officinalis. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. summer 21. yellow 29. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 13. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. Viola odorata. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.Humulus lupulus. 7. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Stachys byzantina.Teucrium chamaedrys. lemon thyme 28. fennel 19.Artemisia dracunculus var. 8.Convallaria majalis. cinnamon fern 4. A.Thymus × citriodorus. Monarda didyma. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 9.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Polemonium reptans. Dictamnus albus.Asarum canadense. 30. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . Christmas fern 5. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1. garden sage 17.
Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.lilac 10. French thyme woodruff koreana.Korean box 11.Galium verum. 35. Canada hemlock Standard'.savory germander Willmott'. crispum. sweet 34. curly parsley mountain ash 12. yellow bedstraw 23. French'.Buxus microphylla var.Galium odoratum.Satureja montana. winter savory 24.Tsuga canadensis. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Sorbus americana.
devoted to a "yearly surprise. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. 1.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. lemon verbena 2. It is a pleasing. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. To be placed near the kitchen.Rumex scutatus. this design can be an inspiration. Even so.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Petroselinum crispum var.Aloysia triphylla. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Italian parsley . This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Origanum heracleoticum. dill 10. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. geometric design. 19. Surprisingly. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. neapolitanum. it became part of the patio. garden sage 20. One of the beds.Salvia officinalis.
French tarragon 5. sweet 18. garlic chive 26.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon basil 9. sweet 14. English thyme bush basil 8.Anthriscus cerefolium.Poterium sanguisorba.17. summer savory 23. purple basil 4. winter savory 24. sweet 13. chive 25.Satureja montana. lemon balm cicely 6.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Origanum majorana. crispum.Borago officinalis.Allium tuberosum. curly parsley 22.Petroselinum crispum var.Ocimum basilicum.3.Artemisia dracunculus var. salad 15.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. Alpine strawberry 7.Myrrhis odorata. basil sativa.Satureja hortensis. 16.Ocimum basilicum 12.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. borage 'Purpurascens'. chervil marjoram 21. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Allium cepa Aggregatum group. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.
sweet cicely 23. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Pelargonium in variety. The center beds here were established in this way. D. sweet 13. rosemary 3.Myrrhis odorata. green santolina 12.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Created in an orderly way. 19. so.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens. gray . It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. blue 22.C. the work paths could be eliminated. too. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. 14. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. purple basil 4.Lavandula angustifolia. To increase the planting area.Hyssopus officinalis. it is an unusual. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.Satureja montana. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Stachys byzantina. geometric design. As a whole.Thymus × citriodorus. scented-leaf geranium 2.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. lamb's-ears 20.Galium odoratum. English thyme lemon thyme 11.Rosmarinus officinalis. English lavender 10. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. it is full of interesting angles. winter 21.
Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Teucrium chamaedrys. classic myrtle 9. 25.Dianthus caryophyllus.Ilex opaca.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. horehound24. American southernwood holly 17. clove pink 7. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . French thyme santolina 15. germander 16. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia camphorata.Myrtus communis.6. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Salvia officinalis.
Artemisia absinthium. casts the shadow for the hour.Thymus praecox subsp. French tarragon 14. arcticus 21. Coix lacryma-jobi. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. Its arrow points north and. borage 23. this herb garden is secluded.Melissa officinalis. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. too. lemon balm 22. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. absinthe 26. Lavandula angustifolia.Chamaemelum . seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. blue hyssop 2. purple basil 3. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. sativa.Calendula officinalis. sweet basil 4. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pot marigold 24. English lavender 6. which adds its impression of warmth. Sometimes space is limited. winter savory 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 13. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Satureja montana. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. sweet woodruff 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis. Achillea millefolium. Job's tears 11. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Ocimum basilicum. This center of interest is of particular note.Tanacetum vulgare. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Borago officinalis. tansy 25. rosemary 15.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Galium odoratum. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. yarrow 12.
Chrysanthemum balsamita.Carya illinoinensis. wild marjoram 28.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. Salvia officinalis. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.7.Pelargonium in variety. comfrey20.Origanum vulgare. scented-leaf 27. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . variegated garden sage 8.Symphytum officinale. white creeping thyme nobile. pineapplescented sage 9.Origanum majorana. sweet 29.Syringa. costmary 'Albus'. garden sage 19. marjoram pecan 10. chive 18. Salvia elegans. chamomile 17.
4. 36. 19. dill 20. hyssop Meyer lemon . summer 32.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. parsley 17.Melissa officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens.Allium sativum.Ruta graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. blue 23. 9. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 6. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. true ginger16. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. sunken into the ground.Origanum majorana.Galium odoratum. 8. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet cicely 37. French sorrel 21.Apium graveolens. 18. lovage 22.Ipomoea alba. Anthriscus cerefolium. sativa. purple basil Zingiber officinale. When controlled in this way. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Teucrium chamaedrys. 3.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. for example lemon balm and spearmint. horehound 33. 30. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. rose geranium 2. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. lemon balm 35.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. sweet 34.Artemisia dracunculus var. rue 31.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium × limoneum. 29.Satureja hortensis. garlic Levisticum officinale. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. The more invasive ones.Myrrhis odorata. chervil 15. 7. 5. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls.
Aloysia triphylla. salad burnet 25.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Origanum heracleoticum. bush basil 14.10. spearmint 27. English thyme 26. Greek oregano 12.Magnolia virginiana. lemon verbena 11. dwarf nasturtium 13.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. French thyme 24. Japanese yew 39.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha spicata.Tropaeolum minus. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Ocimum basilicum. lemonthyme 28.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil 38.
Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. a quick way to ensure good drainage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. "Simplify. simplify!. however. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. but. whatever the reason. < previous page page_22 next page > . this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Impatiens capensis. spicebush absinthe French'. bell pepper 6. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. tansy 11.Anethum graveolens.Melissa officinalis.Lactuca sativa.Tanacetum vulgare. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Artemisia absinthium. summer basil savory 7.Galium odoratum.The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 22.Rosmarinus officinalis. balm sativa. bee balm 19.Allium fistulosum. sweet 17. 18.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. 1. rue 20.Salvia officinalis. aloe Grossum Group. tomato American pennyroyal 4. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . spearmint 21. French tarragon 5. 14. jewelweed24.Ruta graveolens. sweet 25.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma. peppermint 23.Lindera benzoin. parsley 2.Satureja hortensis.Capsicum frutescens. 16.Petroselinum crispum.Mentha x piperita.Hedeoma pulegioides. 26.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata.Origanum majorana.Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage 3. lettuce 10.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 15. arcticus. 12.Aloe barbadensis. dill 13.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. too. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. germander 7.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. faced and capped with random. .Teucrium chamaedrys. Perovskia abrotanoides. horizontally laid bluestone. encloses this plan. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. A low wall of brick.Pelargonium in variety. Russian 13. 8. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. arcticus 14. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. French thyme 2. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.
Galium odoratum. crimson creeping thyme 9. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp. St. lady's6. lavender 3.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis. trumpet vine 16.-John'swort 17.Hamamelis virginiana.Alchemilla vulgaris.Santolina neapolitana 4. witch hazel 18.Thymus praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Viburnum cassinoides. blue 11.Campsis radicans. Thymus × citriodorus. white creeping thyme 5. lemon balm hyssop 12. lemon thyme 10. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.
The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. Germander is a proper edging here. holly. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. box. It is. However. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. < previous page page_28 next page > .< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. Although this is not a large garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. the shrubsyew. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. lilac. however. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. Japanese holly 42. crimson creeping thyme 31. alpine strawberry 8. Alchemilla vulgaris. classic myrtle 15. florentina. Corsican 24. fraxinella 33.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Anemone pulsatilla. gray sage savory 14.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. white hyssop 4. mantle chamomile 5.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. winter 29. dwarf box 41. woolly thyme 7. shrubby cinquefoil 46. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Syringa patula. Simkins'.Cytisus supinus.Thymus praecox subsp. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Santolina pinnata 34.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Stachys byzantina. 1.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 22.20. sweet cicely17.Iris cristata. 21.Salvia leucophylla. lilac 45.Chrysanthemum coccineum. germander 36. arcticus 'Albus'. sweet albula.Salvia sclarea. columnal yew 43.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum nobile.Hyssopus officinalis. Myrrhis odorata.Borago officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. 32. red creeping thyme 10. white creeping thyme 37. 18. Japanese yew 44. green 27.Satureja montana. cottage pink 2. blue horehound hyssop 3.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. Japanese holly 47.Dictamnus albus.Eloise & Jo Ray.Comptonia peregrina. prostrate rosemary 13. 12. broom 40. lady's.Artemisia camphorata. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Marrubium vulgare. fringed wormwood 16.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ruta graveolens. 23. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 26.Myrtus communis. Mentha requienii. Thymus praecox subsp. santolina alpine pink 28.Artemisia ludoviciana var. rue 6. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. dwarf privet 48.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Santolina virens.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Iris × germanica var. orris 38. 9. lamb'sears 35. dwarf crested iris 39. Viola odorata. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. Heliotropium arborescens. sweet violet 19. clary 30.Artemisia frigida.
The varied shapes of the beds add interest. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. This hedge. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. as is true here in the vegetable garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The direction a path takes can add interest. an herb garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and one has an inset for a garden seat. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. and a vegetable garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. < previous page page_30 next page > . a cutting garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. while adding to the enclosure of the area. Other paths are brick. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. a running bond pattern. the center of interest for the herb garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. allowing adequate access to the lawn area.
S. A.A. Landscape Architect.L. .< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.
helenium 4.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja hortensis. garden sage 56.Satureja montana.Aloysia triphylla. pale 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Hemerocallis × luteola. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Origanum heracleoticum. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. alpine strawberry 3. fraxinella 26. white 'Bouquet'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Limonium latifolium.Petroselinum crispum var. plantain lily 2. cottage pink French'. yellow 35. Dictamnus albus.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Allium christophii. 22. clary 46.Digitalis grandiflora. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Rosa damascena savory crispum. Rosmarinus officinalis. 14.Origanum majorana.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. lemon thyme 40.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. germander 39.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Helleborus niger. winter savory 44. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. lamb's-ears 49.Pelargonium in variety.Salvia officinalis.Santolina virens. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. Christmas 48. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. Louise'.Galium odoratum. 55. candytuft Standard'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. lavender 18. yellow 24. Stokes' aster 31. green santolina 42. blue iris 9.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. 50. starsMaxima'. statice Solemacher'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. York-andLancaster rose 16. 32. Achillea taygetea.Salvia sclarea. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. yellow epimedium 15. French tarragon 8.Polystichum acrostichoides. dill wishbone flower 5.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon 29. 47.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Lilium candidum. bush basil 41. 53.The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Campanula persicifolia. sweet marjoram 45.Allium schoenoprasum. Aquilegia chrysantha. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. Anethum graveolens 23.Stachys byzantina.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Thymus × citriodorus. verbena rose chive 11. summer 34.Teucrium chamaedrys. blue hyssop 43. 37.Chrysanthemum × superbum. French thyme 7. blue 27.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hyssopus officinalis. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Ribes alpinum.Ocimum basilicum 54.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. 1. double white peony of-Persia 12. 52. sweet 51.Magnolia virginiana.Stokesia laevis.
< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. a retaining wall or walls are needed. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. as in this case. While serving as a soil retainer. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. < previous page page_32 next page > . An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect.
sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. bee balm 24.Galium odoratum. Monarda didyma. spearmint 41.Tanacetum vulgare var. 1.Aloysia triphylla. 21.Solanum pseudocapsicum.R. borage 26. Borago officinalis. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Melissa officinalis. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. 42.Iris cristata. lady's43. lemon 22. lemon verbena 46.Allium schoenoprasum. F.Lavandula angustifolia. The number in each planting area is the key number. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. Stachys byzantina. sweet 23.45.Alchemilla vulgaris. crispum.A. English 44.A. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Iris pseudacorus.Viola odorata. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. lamb's25. .Mentha spicata. Ocimum basilicum. Landscape Architect.
Satureja hortensis. myrtle 58. 56. rosemary 9. curly mint 30. pineapple38. orange mint 29. sweet marjoram 28. salad burnet 10. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Allium tuberosum. southernwood 31. Greek 53. dill 34. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . pink hawthorn 16.Foeniculum vulgare. tabasco senna pepper 20. clove 55.Allium ampeloprasum.Nepeta cataria.Allium cepa. 37.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana.Rosa × rehderana.Cassia marilandica. pennyroyal 54. carpet bugleweed 8.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. post crispum 'Banquet'. catnip 50.Verbascum thapsus.7.Capsicum frutescens. fennel 35. Egyptian onion 11.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. 52. curly parsley oak 17. mullein chive 47. flowering dogwood 15.Ruta graveolens.Quercus stellata. 40.Artemisia absinthium. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. summer 32. leek 49. 57. Rosmarinus officinalis.Chrysanthemum balsamita. garden sage 36.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Cornus florida. absinthe English thyme 27. Poterium sanguisorba. 33. garlic chive 48.Vinca minor. wild 39.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Elaeagnus pungens.Artemisia abrotanum. Proliferum Group.Mentha × piperita var.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. polyantha rose 12.Salvia officinalis. Porrum Group. savory sativa. horehound neapolitanum. French tarragon holly 13. citrata.Salvia elegans. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Origanum heracleoticum.Crataegus arkansana.Anethum graveolens.Mentha pulegium. rue 51.Artemisia dracunculus var. Ajuga reptans.Dianthus caryophyllus.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium sativum.
which are a good way to supply controlled shade. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. sleep pillows.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. However. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. mothproofing bags. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. and vinegars. < previous page page_34 next page > . Although this is a northeast exposure. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction.
< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.
Roman 20. Artemisia pontica.Allium pulchellum 47. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . daylily in variety 41. bee balm 30.Levisticum officinale. lily leek 44. crispum. 49. orris 17. pot 28.Hemerocallis. Hallock'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Ocimum basilicum 27.Agastache foeniculum. round-headed garlic 46. lettuce in variety 25. lilac 32.Melissa officinalis. bay 48. rue 26. lavender 7. 19.Allium cepa. sativa.Rosmarinus officinalis. 1. Lactuca. garden sage 2.Pelargonium graveolens.Calendula officinalis. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Hyssopus officinalis .Artemisia dracunculus var.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Salvia elegans. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Rumex scutatus.Thuja occidentalis.Valeriana officinalis. 50. 'President Poincare'. Poterium sanguisorba. anise hyssop 14.Salvia officinalis. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium fragrans. southernwood 9. burnet lovage 6. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Tropaeolum minus.Satureja montana. garden 'Purpurascens'. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Allium moly. 23. blue hyssop 35.Tsuga canadensis. costmary 5. peppermint geranium 40. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. tansy 16. lemon verbena 36.Mentha spicata. Ruta graveolens. Thymus × citriodorus. purple basil sage 11.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. Proliferum Group. lemon 31. dwarf nasturtium 37. French tarragon 10.Tanacetum vulgare.Salvia oficinalis. American rosemary arborvitae 34. 21. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. salad 22. 'Monge'. balm valerian 15. lemon 18. Egyptian onion 42. 24.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia abrotanum. chive 43.Galium odoratum. nutmeg geranium 39.Allium sphaerocephalum.Allium sativum var. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Laurus nobilis. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium × limoneum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. florentina. winter 29.Monarda didyma. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Iris × germanica var.The number in each planting area is the key number. Petroselinum crispum var.Alchemilla vulgaris.Aloysia triphylla.
A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. is the focus of the middle level. A simple knot. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Invasive. < previous page page_36 next page > . Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout.
pineapplescented sage 47. valerian 5.Monarda didyma. thyme 3. Valeriana officinalis.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. foxglove 4.Marrubium vulgare. salad burnet 23.Sempervivum tectorum.Armeria maritima.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. summer savory 43. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. French tarragon 44. dwarf winter savory 2. sativa. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Digitalis purpurea. fennel 25. bee balm 26. 1.Salvia elegans. houseleek 45.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pineapple mint 22. white thrift 24.Foeniculum vulgare. Satureja montana 'Nana'. horehound 46. golden thyme .
Helleborus niger.Levisticum officinale.Symphytum officinale.Salvia viridis. yellow 41. lavender Christmas rose 11.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. rue 31. 40.Allium schoenoprasum. Isatis tinctoria.Foeniculum vulgare. pink 62. viper's 34.Helleborus orientalis. white creeping thyme aconite 14. white 58. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. pink 59.Myrrhis odorata. arcticus 55. English 52. garden 42. blue hyssop 57.Hyssopus officinalis. Madonna cicely lily 12. Dictamnus albus. 38.6.Galium odoratum. absinthe 53. Salvia sclarea. dwarf edging box 21.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Origanum majorana. sweet 50. 61.Rosmarinus officinalis.Laurus nobilis.Chrysanthemum 36.Lilium candidum.Ruta graveolens.Sium sisarum.Agrimonia eupatoria. clary 48. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. skirret 60.Eranthis hyemalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. sweet basil sage 27. sweet 37. angelica Lenten rose 10.Rosa chinensis. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. Angelica archangelica.Galium verum. parthenium. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. 33. 30. feverfew climbing rose 16.Ocimum basilicum. French'.Calendula officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. marigold chive 15. fraxinella 8. 39.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Anemone pulsatilla. China rose comfrey 19.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. rosemary 28.Artemisia absinthium.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. germander 56. annual clary 51. dyer's woad 7.Crocus sativus. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . winter bugloss 'Albus'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Echium vulgare. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. 54.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 32. pot 35.Thymus praecox subsp. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Rosa eglanteria.
even though space is limited. There is variety in this plan. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Carya ovata. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. < previous page page_38 next page > . Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and the shagbark hickory.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. However. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton. Landscape Architect .
stewardsonii. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. Asarum canadense. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. French Galium odoratum. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. lamb's. valerian Rosa damascena. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. bee balm Melissa officinalis. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. Marrubium vulgare. sativa. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. box Buxus sempervirens. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. chive Ilex opaca.Arisaema triphyllum. citrata. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. rue Cornusflorida. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. dogwood Salvia sclarea. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. red mint . crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. germander Agastache foeniculum. green santolina Primula veris. Poterium sanguisorba. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp.Galium verum. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. angelica Mondarda didyma. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. box Ruta graveolens. Aloysia triphylla. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. flax Buxus sempervirens. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. Canada Isatis tinctoria. sweet basil Satureja montana. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. borage Petroselinum crispum. Adiantum pedatum. box Carya ovata. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens.
Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .
The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. this excavation. unplanned look was desired. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. A singular statue of St. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. For this appearance. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. too. An informal. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. < previous page page_40 next page > . However. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A clump of birch here. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. a dipping pool there. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. it is open on the side facing the house. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. is on a sandy knoll. first intended for the construction of a cottage.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
winter savory 20.Allium schoenoprasum.Tanacetum vulgare var.The number in each planting area is the key number. 76. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 67. wild 51. French'. 36. rue 29.Armeria maritima. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Stachys byzantina.Viola tricolor. 32. 60. woolly thyme 13.Satureja hortensis. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Digitalis grandiflora.Betula papyrifera. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 52. Johnny-jump-up54. sea onion angelica 24. golden 37. lemon 35. pennyroyal 46. 53.Origanum onites. 1.Hyssopus officinalis. 77. wild 43.Chelidonium majus.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium tomentosum.Pelargonium denticulatum. gray scented sage santolina 4.Anthriscus cerefolium. 72. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. marsh 42.Mentha pulegium.Origanum vulgare. 74. creeping juniper 26. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 69. 38.Santolina florentina. 79. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Teucrium canadense.Thymus herba-barona. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. Ruta graveolens. catnip 73. 8. Thymus praecox subsp.Althaea officinalis.Consolida orientalis. fern-leaf tansy 23. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. apple mint 49.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Anethum graveolens. lemon balm 44. 68.Mentha suaveolens.Satureja montana.Marrubium vulgare. 12. orris chamaecyparissus. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. 31. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. blue 2.Monarda didyma.Pelargonium crispum.Glechoma hederacea. Sempervivum tectorum. thrift55. 63.Petroselinum crispum.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. pineapple3.Pelargonium quercifolium.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. rose bergamot valerian 25. 58. 70. pot 66.Mentha × gentilis.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Digitalis purpurea.Ajuga reptans. white birch English lavender parthenium. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Coriandrum sativum. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Achillea tomentosa.Salvia officinalis. 78.Pulmonaria officinalis. 34.Melissa officinalis.Salvia elegans.Myrrhis odorata.Mentha × piperita. garden sage lungwort 57.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. chive crispum.Valeriana officinalis. Iris × germanica var.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Urginea maritima.Origanum majorana. 'Prostratus'. Thymus × citriodorus. 61.Convallaria majalis. purple basil 9. rose geranium 10. 30.Nepeta cataria. 64. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. feverfew 27. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Chrysanthemum 80. myrtle 14.Monarda fistulosa. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Angelica archangelica. mint 50. red mint 48. celandine cicely 18. 33. peppermint 47. bee balm . 59. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Pelargonium graveolens.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa 'Merry England'. sweet 71.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Ocimum basilicum.Vinca minor.Allium favum lovage 22. 75. orange geranium 11. spearmint 45. 65.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. Foundation stone. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. the accents of the six large box. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. and the two small trees. is used for the wall. They are clustered around the smokehouse. < previous page page_42 next page > . handsomely enclosing the herb garden. Because of the edging box. making it more a part of the herb garden. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. the same as the smokehouse construction. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it.
A.L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. . A. Landscape Architect.S.
'Purpurascens'.Ocimum basilicum 32. sweet marjoram 2. Lavandula angustifolia. 47.Crataegus laevigata. 1.38. box 'Citriodorum'. orange mint 19. 21. pineapple mint 18. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium giganteum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha requienii.Mentha × piperita.Artemisia dracunculus var. 40.Galium odoratum. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. crownbasil savory imperial 11. blue angelica lungwort 20. winter 42. rosemary 3.Lilium candidum. species in variety crispum. Ocimum basilicum 24. sweet cicely45. verbena English thyme 5. summer 25. Rosmarinus officinalis. purple basil sativa.Mentha × piperita var. fringed 43. 31.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Viola tricolor.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. 41.Tanacetum vulgare var.Myrrhis odorata.Fritillaria imperialis.Allium schoenoprasum.Satureja montana. white 23. 22. balm citrata. Origanum majorana.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 27.Buxus sempervirens.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. English 'Minimum'. Corsican 33. fraxinella 17.Chrysanthemum 28. Satureja hortensis. lovage 46.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Mentha spicata.Crocus. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. lady's. Pelargonium graveolens. 44.Melissa officinalis. lemon basil 15.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . balsamita. sweet 37.Ocimum basilicum 30.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Ocimum basilicum.Angelica archangelica. Symphytum officinale. spearmint 48. sweet 26. European ginger 4. lemon 34.Aloysia triphylla. bee balm 29. Asarum europaeum. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Alchemilla vulgaris. 39.Artemisia frigida. lemon 36. Dictamnus albus. dwarf edging box 14.Levisticum officinale. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Artemisia abrotanum.Prunus domestica. 35.
The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Instead. two specimen shrubs. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. a soil retainer. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. pink of Dianthus. < previous page page_44 next page > . this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Lowgrowing. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. This is true also of the stone curbing. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. too. The dipping bowl. although it is ample at four feet. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. This hedge.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. the dwarf box edging.
A. Landscape Architect.L.A.S. .< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Borago officinalis. sweet 27. American 38. 40.Nepeta mussinii. lily. 26. orange mint 8.Heliotropium arborescens.The number in each planting area is the key number. caraway thyme albus.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Teucrium canadense. 45. 61.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Sternbergia lutea. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 58. gray 22.Tulipa kaufmanniana. 49. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 1.Crocus tomasinianus. Stachys byzantina. winter savory 39. Madonna 63.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Mentha spicata.Hamamelis virginiana.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Leucojum aestivum.Convallaria majalis.Ocimum basilicum.Satureja montana.Crocus speciosus. Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha × piperita.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. catmint 35. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. angel's-tears 59. white 42. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Allium christophii. Compactus'. lemon 33.Galium odoratum.Allium giganteum angelica 11. arcticus 30.Mertensia virginica. Spanish bluebell 16.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. rue25.Thymus × citriodorus. arcticus 34. 50.Digitalis grandiflora. Origanum majorana. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus doerfleri.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. tulip citrata. verbena snowflake 19.Pelargonium in variety. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. black cohosh windflower 15. 'Lanuginosus'.Narcissus asturiensis. golden thyme41.57. 54. 46.Narcissus triandrus var. 44. 52.Mentha × piperita var. angustifolia 'Nana'.Thymus herba-barona.Aloysia triphylla. sweet 55.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Galanthus nivalis.Myrica pensylvanica.Cimicifuga racemosa.Dicentra spectabilis. clary 32. spearmint 48. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Angelica archangelica.Thymus praecox subsp. 53. Salvia officinalis.Tulipa clusiana.Santolina virens. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Salvia sclarea. sweet 47. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. green santolina 37. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Lilium candidum.Anemone blanda. 51. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. 2. 17.Crocus angustifolius. 36. 43. 56.Pelargonium in variety. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Helleborus niger. prostrate rosemary 18. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Helleborus lividus subsp. 20. lamb's-ears 28. lemon 60. marjoram crocus 7. borage 31. thyme 29.Levisticum officinale.Crocus kotschyanus.
Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Second. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. First. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Morning sun warms it early. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. The results have been most satisfying. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. very livable and profoundly satisfying. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace.
clary thyme 22. 25. The number in each planting area is the key number.S. lemon 21. Ocimum basilicum. A. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 4. 'Lambrook Silver'.Artemisia dracunculus var. English thyme 43. crocus 44. .Apium graveolens. marigold 41. 26.Artemisia lactiflora.Allium neapolitanum. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Porrum Group.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.A. Artemisia absinthium 24. Landscape Architect. Thymus × citriodorus. leek 46. Origanum heracleoticum.Salvia sclarea.Allium ampeloprasum.Tagetes 'Lulu'. French tarragon 5. Beauty'.Crocus sieberi. wild celery 42. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. absinthe sativa. sweet basil 23.L. 1. Thymus praecox subsp. tulip 45.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. woolly thyme 3.Tulipa tarda.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
56. butterfly 47. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Aloysia triphylla. green 40.Aconitum napellus. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . pink 30. lobelia Sherbert'. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. monkshood upright yew 17.Nepeta × faassenii. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Rosmarinus officinalis. blue 38. fraxinella 36. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. 58.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. lemon 50. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Petroselinum crispum var. 32.Galium mollugo.foxglove 7.Asclepias tuberosa.Levisticum officinale. bee balm foxglove Choice'. Viola odorata.Clematis 'Mrs.Artemisia camphorata. American marjoram Yellow'. Robert verbena Brydon'. great 31. yellow 55. American elderberry 15.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Malus hupehensis. white evergreen azalea 16. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. curly parsley 20.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. 54.Santolina virens. clematis 11.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. 29.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. lovage 34. weed chive 48. red currant gray santolina 13.Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears 52.Hyssopus officinalis.Ipomoea alba.Achillea filipendula 60.Digitalis grandiflora.Origanum majorana.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Cornus florida.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. catmint 53.Ribes sativum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Ilex opaca. dogwood 19.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. viola holly 18.Dictamnus albus. sweet 37. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. Lavandula angustifolia. alpine 28.Allium schoenoprasum.Allium senescens var.Tropaeolum minus.Lobelia siphilitica. 8.Dianthus × allwoodii.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. pale 49. 39.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
an impression of Sol in it. repeats again the octagonal form. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The four herb beds. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. even though the growing area is not extensive. A birdbath of copper. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Well-drained as they are. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. are raised with bricks on edge. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
lavender pine geranium chive 13. French 26. prostrate rosemary 34. 42. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Anethum graveolens. white creeping thyme 12.Santolina 25. Artemisia abrotanum.Pelargonium graveolens.Mentha × piperita. peppermint 4.Nepeta mussinii. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. Artemisia dracunculus var. 1.Petroselinum crispum var. crispum. Semple.Mentha spicata. Stachys byzantina. purple basil 24.Pelargonium crispum. Artemisia absinthium.Thymus × citriodorus. 43. spearmint southernwood 5.Pelargonium denticulatum. rue 35. French tarragon 7. 19. 29. Galium odoratum. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. golden variegated garden sage 38.Lavandula angustifolia. silver mound artemisia 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. curly mint 3. English thyme horehound 2.Poterium sanguisorba. sativa. dill 18. clary 21. lemon 41. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Joan E. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Salvia sclarea.Aloysia triphylla. angustifolia. lemon 30. purple variegated garden sage 36. clove pink 10. rosemary 33.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. catmint 6.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 39. lavender 15. sweet woodruff 9. 16.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. heliotrope 31.Salvia officinalis. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Allium tuberosum. orange santolina geranium 11. absinthe 20. 28. 27.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. curly parsley 32.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. thyme salad burnet 40. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Lavandula dentata.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Allium schoenoprasum.Ruta graveolens.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. bush basil 23.Marrubium vulgare. variegated garden sage 37. sweet basil 22. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lamb's-ears 17.
or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. A birdbath may replace the pool. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. too. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. < previous page page_52 next page > . This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. A suitable fence. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. rose geranium. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. and lantana are a few. rose. if neither is available. a toolhouse. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. lemon verbena. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
lemon thyme 20. bush basil 5. heliotrope 21. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. A. verbena ambrosia 4.L.Chenopodium botrys. white creeping thyme 2.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. 1.Pelargonium frutetorum.Origanum majorana. arcticus 'Albus'. lemon 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. gray santolina chamomile 14. woolly thyme 15.Santolina virens. Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. crispum.Artemisia absinthium 11. green 12.Tanacetum vulgare var. lavender 3.A.Chamaemelum nobile. absinthe 'Minimum'. The number in each planting area is the key number. 7.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.Aloysia triphylla. rosescented geranium 17. zonal geranium 19. 13.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. fern-leaf tansy 8. 9.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Heliotropium arborescens. geranium 16.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. zonal geranium 18. sweet santolina marjoram 6.S. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .
< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. As the snows melt. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. apothecary's rose. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. Box and holly enclose it all. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Hyssop hedges define the circles. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. Angelica. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. box. a deep mauve to others. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. artemisias. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. a sundial. The dwarf box frames the focal point. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. These can easily obliterate a design. mints. but the design itself has endured forty years. the design is clearly traced.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. bronze 64.Isatis tinctoria. fern-leaf tansy 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. valerian 6. 62. Canadian burnet 13.Armeria maritima.Lavandula dentata. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Pelargonium in variety. marjoram lungwort crispum.Allium schoenoprasum.Helleborus atrorubens 12. alpine 60. arcticus 39. piney 44. 56. leaf geranium French lavender 8. gray 37. rosemary 25. wild 52. Chamaemelum nobile.Vitis.Monarda fistulosa. houseleek Lenten rose 11. rue 23. butterfly weed35. weld 54.30. 67. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum onites.Thymus praecox subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 58.Melissa officinalis. 65.Alchemilla vulgaris.Sempervivum tectorum. absinthe 34.Paeonia officinalis.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Sedum telephium.Iris × germanica var. sweet 27. nasturtium 28. green. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.James D.Buxus sempervirens.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. feverfew 14. lady's-mantle 46.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. arcticus 40. blue 50. thrift 41.Tanacetum vulgare var. germander 43.Syringa.Lamium album.Pyrus communis. daffodil 17.Alchemilla alpina.Helleborus niger. dyer's woad 9.Taxus.Santolina neapolitana 36. sweet woodruff45. Rosmarinus officinalis.Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears 33.Artemisia camphorata.Valeriana officinalis. French thyme Madonna lily 16. florentina. white dead 49. Tropaeolum majus.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. southernwood 2. Satureja montana. apothecary's rose lavender 20. 'Albus'. bush basil nettle orpine 4.63. lilac 70. masterwort 69. 48.Astrantia major. 26.Hyssopus officinalis.Perillafrutescens.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. crimson creeping thyme 18. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Sium sisarum. orris 57. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. winter savory 32.Arisaema dracontium.Pulmonaria officinalis. 59. grape fennel 19. orris box 22. dwarf edging box 21. white 66. scented. Dianthus caryophyllus. green santolina 24. blue hyssop 42.47.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus orientalis.Myrrhis odorata. chamomile 31.Asarum europaeum.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. 55. Origanum majorana.Lilium candidum. 1.Galium odoratum.Asclepias tuberosa. white creeping thyme French'. arcticus 38.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Artemisia absinthium. clove pink 29. skirret 53. Graham.Symphytum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia. perilla 51. yew Beauty'. Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Reseda luteola.
Rosa 'Albertine'. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. include this one. The brick edging around each bed is a help. with buds of red. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. rising from the courtyard. pink. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. The large. In addition to the brick edging around each. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. If there is room for only one rambler rose.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. At the top of the steps. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. < previous page page_56 next page > . They are small specialty beds. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. However. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant.
23.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. angelica 20. Lavandula angustifolia. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. bush basil 43. winter savory 41. lavender 4. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Angelica archangelica. caraway 24. 1. tansy Bois'. alpine strawberry 3. 22. Carum carvi. lemon balm 42.Melissa officinalis. rhubarb 2.Borago officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Rheum rhabarbarum. garden sage 40.Tanacetum vulgare. foxglove 39. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. subsp.Satureja montana. English thyme .
Marrubium vulgare. blue hyssop 25.R. 35.Teucrium chamaedrys.Allium schoenoprasum.sativa. musk rose 12. French 33. Thymus 'Argenteus'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Chenopodium 55.R. lemon 51.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Tagetes filifolia. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. 31.R. thyme frutescens.Chrysanthemum.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Laurus nobilis. centifolia. centifolia var. pot 50. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Satureja hortensis. muscosa 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.Aloysia triphylla. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. bourbon rose 10. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. French'. salad 7. rose 28. 54. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Salvia elegans.Lavandula dentata.Pelargonium.'Albertine'.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.6.Chrysanthemum 46.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Poterium sanguisorba.Origanum majorana.R. 56.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. geranium in 30.'Baronne Prevost'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Mentha × piperita var. Consolida ambigua. curly parsley 26.R. prostrate rosemary 16.Petroselinum crispum var.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. 36. Irish-lace 48. marguerite chive 9.Dianthus Victoria'. citrata. cheddar pink 53. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. Mexican tea 18. pineapple34.Anethum graveolens 47.R. 29. sweet 37. var. silver 27. borboniana 'La Reine 14. Hyssopus officinalis. centifolia 'Cristata'. 49. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. 45. clove pink Mammoth'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. Pelargonium graveolens.Calendula officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.
It is near the house. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. Laid in an unusual pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. < previous page page_58 next page > . and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Balance is augmented. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. as it should be. too. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
santolina moss rose 7.Aloysia triphylla. 21.Salvia officinalis. The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis. white creeping thyme 4. double white peony 5. chive lemon verbena 6.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.S. blue hyssop 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Origanum majorana.Thymus praecox subsp.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Santolina virens. 20. 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 8. 17.Satureja hortensis. gray 15. green 22. arcticus 'Albus'. A. Landscape Architect.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. lavender 2. English'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. 24. 16.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 1.Heliotropium arborescens. dill 9.L.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Anethum graveolens. 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. sweet basil 14.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Allium schoenoprasum.Poterium sanguisorba.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. heliotrope 3.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Myosotis sylvatica. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .A. rosemary yellow viola 10. angustifolia 'Munstead'. English thyme signet marigold 11.
selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. < previous page page_60 next page > . The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and a comfortable. the fence with roses. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. potted lemon verbena. Herbs. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The grape vines. winter pruned. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. too. and the grape arbor. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. three. purple variegated garden sage 4. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Aloysia triphylla. Nepeta mussinii. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. 3. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Althaea officinalis. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. marsh climbing rose. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. conical yew rosemary 1. Stachys byzantina. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . BED II germander BED IV 2. Galium odoratum. lemon Linum perenne. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis.Connecticut Vera Breed. Valeriana officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Iris cristata. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet climbing rose. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Teucrium chamaedrys. lovage Myrrhis odorata. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica.
fairy rose Giant'. lemon thyme 9. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Chamaemelum nobile. Rosmarinus officinalis. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. beach Marrubium vulgare. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. plume Baptisia australis. Thymus. lemon Anemone hybrida. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. creeping thyme in variety 8. Delphinium × belladonna.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. catmint 5. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. lavender 10. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. houseleek in variety 7. tuberosa 6. Sempervivum. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana.
and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Later. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. planted in bands across these beds. blue green. Ivy. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Herbs. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. Either it flourished too well. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. this was replaced with ''edging" box. tend to broaden the width of the garden. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. holly. if desired. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. silver. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. and bright green in the herb beds. myrtle. its detail is shown below. magnolia. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. grew too large. Another angle could be tried with these. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
Satureja montana. 28. bay rosemary 12. Ruta graveolens. bush basil albula. American holly 31.Lavandula angustifolia.Galium odoratum. Ocimum basilicum 24.Magnolia grandiflora. purple basil savory 35. rue 20. 6. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lemon 46. lemon 29. myrtle 47. woolly thyme 8.Thymus doerfleri.Chamaemelum nobile.Teucrium chamaedrys. Tropaeolum minus.Rosmarinus officinalis. spearmint 42.Pelargonium fragrans.Levisticum officinale. box chamaecyparissus. lamb's. 25. purple garden sage 7. bayberry balm thyme 13. winter 'Purpurascens'. 33. salad 43.Thymus praecox subsp. silver-king artemisia 23. French 27. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. horehound germander 17. lime geranium 4. tansy 45.Poterium sanguisorba. gray santolina 15. Stachys byzantina.Laurus nobilis. lovage 48. sweet woodruff 36. ears rose geranium 3.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Mentha spicata. caraway thyme 40.Artemisia dracunculus var. dwarf edging box 11.Thymus 'Argenteus'. thyme 38. borage 26. sweet 34.Thymus carnosus.Buxus sempervirens 14.Marrubium vulgare. bee balm30.Origanum majorana. 44. 1. English'. thyme 37.Monarda didyma.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Ilex opaca.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. Borago officinalis.Thymus herba-barona. white creeping thyme 41. English ivy burnet 10.Myrica pensylvanica. English thyme chamomile 2. 49.Hedera helix. Ocimum basilicum 22.Artemisia abrotanum. French thyme 39.Melissa officinalis.Vinca minor.Tanacetum vulgare. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Mentha suaveolens. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. dwarf 21.Pelargonium × nervosum. 'Minimum'.19.Thymus praecox subsp.Rumex scutatus. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.
and treessome of which are espaliered. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The four potted bay. standards. potted shrubs. too. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. It is located for the best viewing. maypoles. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. adding to the space for walking. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. It is a large garden. Laurus nobilis. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. < previous page page_64 next page > . accent this prime focal point even more. There is variety in the walks. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. too. The use of flagstone. brick.
49. Johnny-jump. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.P. 26.P. Satureja montana. 1.quercifolium. wild 28.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. love-in. 51. musty oakscented geranium 5. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. Thymus × citriodorus.Calendula officinalis. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .50. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. winter 27.P. lemon 29.acerifolium. fragrans.P. pot 52. apple English thyme up geranium 3.53.Viola tricolor. 25. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.P.odoratissimum.Nigella damascena.Chenopodium botrys.
P.Pelargonium crispum.Thymus praecox subsp. rose geranium66. 41. crispum 'Minor'.Petroselinum crispum.72. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. blue hyssop 10. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. lettuce 39. lemon balm 45. denticulatum 11.P.Salvia caerulea.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Foeniculum vulgare. orange geranium 23.P.Achilleafilipendula. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.P. pine crispum.Marrubium vulgare. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. glutinosum. white sweet yarrow violet 13. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. sweet flag 16.Poncirus trifoliata. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. 62. strawberry 48. French tarragon Rose'.P. horehound 46.P. Chamaemelum nobile. golden lemon thyme 7. lemon geranium 33. lemon geranium 56.Melissa officinalis. sweet 37.6.Acorus calamus. Hyssopus officinalis. chamomile 8.Allium schoenoprasum.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia abrotanum. arcticus43. 71.Poterium sanguisorba.Origanum majorana. garden sage 54. peppermint 67. forsythia 'Albus'.Monarda didyma. fern-leaf 'Nana'. camphor-scented geranium 69. 61. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Mentha pulegium.P.P. parsley 35.P. radens 'Dr. crispum.Viola odorata.Malus angustifolia.Malus. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . English lavender 32.Tanacetum vulgare var. salad 42.P. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 65. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. graveolens. 57. wild thyme 31. lettuce 40. denticulatum. pheasant's. dill 36. radens. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Fragaria vesca.Laurus nobilis.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. lemon-rose geranium 22.Artemisia dracunculus var. classic 21. bronze 38. lemon southernwood geranium 34. bay 20.P. 44.Forsythia. lime geranium 55.Myrtus communis. bee balm 63. rosemary 9.Livingston'. tomentosum.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. fern-leaf 60.Origanum dictamnus. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Allium senescens var.Aloysia triphylla.× nervosum. white creeping thyme geranium 68. cherry tomato chive 17.Mentha. crowfoot 70. lemon 47.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. box 19.Salvia officinalis.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. 64. 58.Thymus serpyllum.P.Anethum graveolens.
The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. too. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. < previous page page_66 next page > . It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. green santolina. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. In keeping with this feeling. The result is one of sculptured elegance. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. This is a large garden by any standard. and Allium karataviense.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
garden sage 18.Artemisia frigida.Allium sativa.Levisticum officinale. blue hyssop 16. 15.Thymus praecox subsp. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Santolina virens. apple mint 13.Allium moly. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. gray 10. arcticus. green santolina 14. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fringed 7. chive 4. big blue lilyturf 12. winter savory 9. Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja montana.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Florence B. wormwood fennel 2. French tarragon schoenoprasum. dwarf garden 17. lemon 11.Allium christophii.Thymus × citriodorus. Baker.Salvia officinalis. 8. 1.Hyssopus officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Liriope muscari. Mentha suaveolens. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Salvia officinalis.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the square. < previous page page_70 next page > . the circle. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. and the front porch of the house. the upper deck. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Many herb gardens could provide this. for the box after new spring growth. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Cupressus sempervirens. dwarf myrtle 6. winter savory 4.The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. dwarf edging box 7. viola 3. Italian cypress 9.Chamaemelum nobile. lemon 8.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. chamomile 2.Cedrus deodara.Satureja montana. lavender 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.
Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer.. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Coin with Tudor rose design.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. as it was with this plan. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. Paths are gravel. Roses. from Peter Coats. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Madonna 23.Poterium sanguisorba. Dianthus caryophyllus.Iris pseudacorus. rosemary 16. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. Hyssopus officinalis. lemon balm 31. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Buxus sempervirens. saffron lily crocus 12.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis.Viola odorata. Foeniculum vulgare. salad burnet 10.Primula elatior. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. rue 33. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. 34.Crithmum maritimum. earth 24.Carum carvi.Mentha × piperita. English daisy 36.Aconitum napellus.Myrtus communis. absinthe peppermint 8. 19. oxlip 17. wild thyme 5. Origanum majorana. classic myrtle 18. chamomile 4. parsley 29. mallow 13. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Lilium candidum. 22.Fragaria vesca. lettuce 28.Crocus sativus. sweet violet 6. caraway 35.Calendula officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile.Primula vulgaris. blue hyssop 2.Ruta graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia.Petroselinum crispum.Viola tricolor. yellow flag 26. clove20.Fumaria officinalis. spearmint 30. Eryngium maritimum. pot marigold 15. 25.Lactuca sativa.Anemone pulsatilla.Rosmarinus officinalis. Malva sylvestris. 1.Satureja montana. winter 32.Bellis perennis. fennel 21. monkshood27. Thymus serpyllum. sweet marjoram 3.
along with a measure of fragrance. white. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. plumed. most of the blooms are nightscented. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. silver mound. spurred. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. its tufted. but Always Love. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. Selected for this reason. white blooms and woolly. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn." Concrete blocks. However. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. a moondial rather than a sundial is used.
Thymus 'Argenteus'. lamb's. white . Stachys byzantina. white 32. silver mound artemisia 3.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Lilium candidum.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. Santolina chamaecyparissus. silver 16. petunia 30.Dictamnus albus. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.19. 1.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Galium odoratum. sweet 31. horehound 2.Marrubiam vulgare.Galanthus nivalis. 'Albus'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. 17. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Dianthus 'White Lace'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pink 15. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.
rose 40.Ipomoea alba. Viola odorata.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. western mugwort 7. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Salvia sclarea.Polianthes tuberosa. needle florentina. white 27.Rosa 'Cinderella'. Artemisia absinthium.Malus 'Guiding Star'. 23. tulip 38. clary 24. Yucca filamentosa. orris 8. white 22.Hesperis matronalis. moonflower 39.Convallaria majalis. tulip 37.Lunaria annua.Matthiola incana. rose 41. sweet violet 20.Iris × germanica var. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. tuberose 36.Artemisia stellerana. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.6. Adam's. 25. 28. dame's honesty rocket 14. albula.21. Artemisia lactiflora. lavender 12.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white stock absinthe 10.Artemisia ludoviciana.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. 26.Chrysanthemum parthenium. lily-ofthe-valley 11. daffodil 35.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Artemisia ludoviciana var.
A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. required their use as an educational adjunct. textures. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Many of these herbs lack the hues.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. too. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Rather. < previous page page_76 next page > . related to an old mill reconstruction. and fragrances usually considered characteristic.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
Allium cepa. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 35. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. Linum usitatissimum. Agave sisalana. 47. 23.Tagetes patula. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. 26. sisal 27. 39. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Genista tinctoria.Galium odoratum. Abutilon theophrasti. weld 57.Rudbeckia hirta.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Ligustrum vulgare. flax 21. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 1. broad 42. black-eyed 50. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. 22. privet marigold 15. Boehmeria nivea.Berberis vulgaris. blueberry 13. Sansevieria trifasciata.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Monarda didyma. Agave fourcroydes. ramie 24.Indigofera tinctoria.Prunus persica. madder 54.. yellow 55.Anchusa officinalis. French 33.Isatis tinctoria.Cotinus coggygria. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Furcraea hexapetala.Agrimonia eupatoria.Tagetes erecta.Rumex acetosa.51. St. stinging nettle44.Chelidonium majus.Viburnum acerifolium. goldthread 41. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Phytolacca americana. Manila 25. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. bee 36.Urtica dioica. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Morus rubra or alba. 20.Galium verum. 32.Coptis trifolia.Dipsacus sativus.Vaccinium angustifolium var. onion China jute 4. 37. golden 40.Solidago species. Scotch broom hemp 7. sweet 49. 34. garden 56.Hydrastis canadensis. 48. 29. queen. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Cytisus scoparius.Convallaria majalis.Anthemis tinctoria.Cladrastis lutea.Reseda luteola.Mahonia aquifolium.Hypericum perforatum. peach bracken sorrel 19. lily.Crocus sativus. dyer's 31.46.Carthamus tinctorius. Hibiscus cannabinus. dyer's broom safflower 6. 28.38. fuller's 30.Genista germanica. sumac poke 17. Musa textilis.Coreopsis tinctoria.Rumex obtusifolius.Sanguinaria canadensis. African 45. 43.Filipendula ulmaria. alkanet 52.Rhus typhina. woad Susan laevifolium. 53.Pteridium aquilinum.Rubia tinctorum.Parmelia conspersa. Gossypium hirsutum.Polygonum hydropiperoides.
pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Elsewhere.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. as well as the roses. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. A totally appealing edging. < previous page page_78 next page > .
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
'Sombreuil'. 'Marie Pavic' 8. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. cl. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 1. rambler 20. 'Empress Josephine' 7. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. cl. 22. 23. Legras de St. 'White Rose of York' 3. cl. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. cl. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. rambler 19. 18. 25. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Mme. 'American Pillar'. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 24. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Mignonette' 5.
< previous page page_80 next page > . but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. The notch of four square feet. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
B. C. dulce 50. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.C. celery Group.S. dulce 47. scorodoprasum.B. leek 5. ruby swiss chard var.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. 22. Beauty'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.Solanum melongena var.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.L.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. C.B. C. annuum 'Pinocchio'.sativa 'Ruby'. graveolens var. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. oleracea 'Red Acre'. white-flowered kale 49. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. shallot Lakes'.C. 29. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 28. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. annuum 'Teno'. celery Bed 9. cherry tomato 34. kohlrabi Rock'. C.Apium graveolens var. red-flowered kale 6. red 37. annuum 'Variegata'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. 26. Capsicum annuum var. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. dulce 'Utah 5270'.B.B.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. cepa Proliferum Group. annuum 'Golden Bell'.A.B. 25. melongena 1. graveolens var.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. tuberosum.esculentum 'Long Black'. 30. annuum 'Red Boy'. annuum 'Mosaic'.Cichorium intybus. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.A. Petroselinum crispum var. giant garlic var. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. pear Purple Vienna'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. annuum 'Nosegay'. graveolens var. 27.S. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. C. 48. crispum 'Banquet'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.B. oleracea 'Prima'. sprouts celery 8. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. lycopersicum var. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.C.B. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. annuum 'Black Prince'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.A. eggplant 43. oleracea 'Green Parade'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. red 38. schoenoprasum.L. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.A. curly eggplant parsley 23. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.B.A. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.C. 32. melongena 2. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. C. garlic chive 44. 39.C. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > .B.A. 24. chive 42. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. 40. celery I 31.B. 45. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.A. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. Boerner.A.C.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.A. C.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. annuum 'Fips'.
Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. arcs. All of the circles. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. and golden thyme. for each is a complete entity. winter savory. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. When viewed from the terrace above.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
Landscape Architect. odoratissimum. lime geranium Rose'. Satureja montana. Teucrium chamaedrys. orange geranium 8. × nervosum 'Torento'.P. acerifolium. radens 'Dr. 12. inkberry geranium 9. crispum.' lemon geranium 23. Assoc.P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. graveolens. apricot geranium28. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P. P.P.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.P.Ilex glabra.P.Myrica pensylvanica. 29. peppermint 26. Santolina chamaecyparissus. rose-scented geranium 4. 15. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. The number in each planting area is the key number.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. P. tomentosum.× nervosum.P..P.P. × domesticum 6. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. green 14. golden 11.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.Melissa R. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. apple gray santolina geranium 3. crispum 'French Lace. 1.P. gooseberry geranium 24.P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.A.P.S. maple-leaved 18. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. Marshall.P.P. scabrum. P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .L. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. 19. Livingston'. winter 13. lemon geranium 22. rose geranium 27. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. grossularioides. 17. Santolina virens.P. A. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. oak-leaved geranium 16. germander crowfoot geranium 21.
on page 37. To ease the care for a more complicated design.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. such as a dwarf edging box. sand.Hyssopus officinalis. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. Maintenance is high for a knot. . A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs.Lavandula angustifolia. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. closed knot design. and growth to the plants of the knot design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. For the knot to look its best at all times. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. especially when it is blooming. texture. was planted using edging box only. blue hyssop 3. English lavender 2. filled with plants that have contrasting color. which is framed with a brick edging. or marble chips. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. Its interspaces can be mulched. 1.Santolina virens.
Santolina chamaecyparissus. green santolina 2.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'. dwarf edging box 4. 1. gray santolina 3. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.
arcticus 'Albus'. variegated garden sage . a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs.officinalis 'Tricolor'. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. 8. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. which is found more often out in the open.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.T. praecox subsp. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Some maintenance is required for clipping. germander crimson creeping thyme 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white 7. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.S. lavender Japanese barberry 5. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.T. herba-barona. the height of the edging.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. The knot material is maintained at six inches. arcticus 'Coccineus'. caraway thyme 9. creeping thymes. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. In another departure from the usual. 1. Teucrium chamaedrys. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. fig 4. Rosmarinus officinalis. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.Thymus praecox subsp. purple variegated 11. 'Munstead'. which are confined to that area.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
American germander 3.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. lavender . The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray santolina 2. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Teucrium canadense.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
setting it off admirably. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.Teucrium chamaedrys.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. germander . Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.
each one a quarter-circle. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. < previous page page_88 next page > . The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. which are also laid on edge. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. again laid on edge. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. adding another facet to an appealing design.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. a complement for the colors of the plant material. pleasing color.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
Crithmum maritimum. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Anthemis marschalliana.Teucrium fruticans.Thymus 'Argenteus'. woolly yarrow 23. 18. lavender 8. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . silver thyme 6.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Stachys byzantina. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. grenadin pink chamomile 4. French lavender 3. 16. gray santolina 2. 17. tree artemisia 26. silver sage 15.Artemisia arborescens. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Helichrysum angustifolium. Russian sage 24.Lavandula dentata var.Salvia argentea. samphire14. dwarf gray santolina 20. tree germander 22.The number in each planting area is the key number. glaucum 11. dwarf 12.Santolina neapolitana 10.Leontopodium alpinum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Anthemis tinctoria. lavender 5.Allium senescens var. rue 21. candicans.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. blue sage 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dianthus × caryophyllus. silver horehound 19.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. fern-leaf yarrow 27. lavender 9. golden marguerite 25.Artemisia frigida.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Marrubium incanum. 1. curry plant 7.Salvia clevelandii.
A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. thyme. < previous page page_90 next page > . The color of the container plays a lesser role. which include hanging baskets. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. If one is familiar with herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. oregano. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. sweet marjoram. Styles of containers. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. lady's-mantle. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. As with other plant material. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. are without number. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. and the savories. basil. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Some are rosemary.
< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance. as with this container herb garden.
Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > .
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. However. < previous page page_95 next page > . A. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.S. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.L. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. If children's interest is not sustained. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Of course supervision is necessary. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. LandscapeArchitect.
< previous page page_96 next page > . A sundial can be fun and also educational. too. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material." selected for their greater fragrance.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. Instead of benches on the patio. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. These are ''old roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Children in this age group can help with the construction. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. they are easily handpicked. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. Just keep a garden design for children simple.
A.S.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. . A.L. Landscape Architect.
13. neapolitanum. ophioscorodon. crispum. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lily leek 30.Rosa damascena. English lavender 7. 1. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. clary 25. garlic chive 29.Salvia sclarea.Anethum graveolens. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 20. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. southernwood 5.rocambole 28. pot marigold 8.Allium moly.Lavandula angustifolia. Italian parsley 23. borage 15. Nigella damascena.The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana. love-in-a-mist 14.Artemisia camphorata. garden sage 24. ambrosia 2.Allium sativum var.Allium senescens var. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. 16. summer savory 22. Borago officinalis. dill pennyroyal 11. American 21.Hedeoma pulegioides. Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis. dwarf 6. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. cottage pink 18.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. catnip 27.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa gallica. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium tuberosum.Nepeta cataria.Calendula officinalis. Levisticum officinale.Chenopodium botrys. alpine strawberry 3. dyer's bush basil woad 9. English lavender 4. 19. lovage 12.Petroselinum crispum var.Isatis tinctoria. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Marrubium vulgare. horehound 26.Tropaeolum minus.Satureja hortensis. Dianthus plumarius. damask rose 32. glaucum 31.
The design is a medley of shapes and textures. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The sculptures. previously used as a skating rink. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. < previous page page_98 next page > . Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. are a seal and a turtle. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. not noted on the plan. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. All are inviting to the touch. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The oval.
A.A.R. F. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. .
fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. mint Tagetes. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. lousewort Viola canina.Hedeoma pulegioides. bee balm Satureja montana. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. coltsfoot Mimulus. marigold Salvia officinalis. mint Galium odoratum. chive dandelion Allium sativum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. tansy Monarda didyma. duckweed Antennaria. Trifolium pratense. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Greek Stachys byzantina. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. chamomile Mentha. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. dog violet Lemna. Allium schoenoprasum. English Tussilago farfara. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. winter savory Mentha. cowslip Linaria. Foeniculum vulgare. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. Nepeta cataria. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. fleabane Stellaria. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. fat-hen Primula veris. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. bee orchid Erigeron. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. borage Tanacetum vulgare.
its wooden structure long gone. it is a most satisfying growing situation. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. Still. Instead. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Here. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Its plant list. a mint. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. and old barn beams another about the same height. feverfew. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. < previous page page_101 next page > . it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. A number of wooden window frames. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. for an old barn foundation of stone. Their height eases the task of weeding. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. developed particularly for study. an exceedingly long one. are superb for displaying potted herbs. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
Monarda didyma. lemon 52. majorana. 'Clear Gold'.Sempervivum tectorum. golden thyme 98. catmint 63.Genista tinctoria. rosemary 82. silver thyme 105.Geranium robertianum.Acinos alpinus. celandine madder 79.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pontica. woolly thyme 101. sweet cicely 94.Calamintha grandiflora.S.T. French tarragon geranium 7. purple basil English lavender 18. 55. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. pot marigold 25. tomentosum. marsh mallow 13.Rosmarinus officinalis.Angelica archangelica. garden sage 84. 45.A.Myrrhis odorata.Asarum canadense.P.Aloysia triphylla.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Digitalis purpurea. foxglove cypress spurge 21. beach 47. alpine savory 89. praecox subsp.Viola tricolor. 'Purpurascens'. sweet 53. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. herba-barona. southernwood ground cherry 10. arcticus 'Coccineus'. rue 83. Roman 46.49.Sium sisarum. basilicum 56. golden lemon thyme 99.Stachys officinalis.Nepeta mussinii. crimson creeping thyme 96.Plantago major. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Agastache cana. 64. apple wormwood geranium 8. pink 58.Poterium sanguisorba. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. wormwood germander 9. abrotanum.Ranunculus ficaria. 66. 42. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Satureja montana. winter savory 88. creeping veronica . arcticus 'Albus'. camphorata.Alchemilla vulgaris. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Ocimum basilicum. white creeping thyme 97.Melissa officinalis.Campanula persicifolia.A. rampion 81.O.A.Salvia officinalis.Ruta graveolens. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. 62.A.Hypericum perforatum.T.Lavandula angustifolia.Agastache foeniculum.M. 50. praecox subsp.P. 43. golden variegated garden sage 86. lemon thyme 100.A.Campanula rapunculus. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. golden marjoram 26.Marrubium vulgare.Viola odorata.Veronica serpyllifolia.Chrysanthemum balsamita.T.O. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Chelidonium majus. dyer's woodruff broom 3.T. absinthium. rose costmary campion 23. caraway thyme 103. calamint valerian 24. lesser 67. nitidus.Thymus praecox subsp. pallasianus. onites.Lychnis coronaria.O. betony 92. 54.S. angelica lemon geranium 5. 61.Pelargonium crispum. purple variegated garden sage 85. bee balm57. graveolens. plantain 80.Echium vulgare.Euphorbia cyparissias. sweet violet 40.Hyssopus officinalis. 60.Calendula officinalis. foxglove 2. mosquito plant 19. officinalis 'Aurea'.Digitalis lanata. basilicum 'Minimum'.T.T 'Argenteus'.O.O. sweet 41. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Artemisia dracunculus var.Galium odoratum. absinthe 51. yarrow herb Robert 4. crispum. thyme 102.Levisticum officinale.Valeriana officinalis. basil blue hyssop 15.-John'swort 91.T.Rubia tinctorum.S. balm horehound 14. skirret 90. southernwood houseleek 12.Stachys grandifora 93. viper's 65.A. odoratissimum. Grecian 59.Tanacetum vulgare var. stellerana. 1. officinalis 'Purpurea'.T. richardii subsp. variegated garden sage 87. odorous thyme 104.Althaea officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. fern-leaf tansy 95. rose sativa.P.Achillea millefolium. 44.Physalis heterophylla. 48. didyma 'Rosea'. St.T. × citriodorus. camphor. bee balm lovage 20. lemon verbena 106. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Teucrium chamaedrys.
Cichorium intybus.M. blattaria.Myrtus communis. yucca 109. ostrowskianum 34. 71.Origanum vulgare.Lysimachia vulgaris. tree onion 112. moth 113. curry plant mullein 35. spearmint 107. 114.Laurus nobilis. orach115. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.M.Yucca filamentosa. oxeye daisy mullein 36. orange mint 32.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 76. evening 77.Allium sativum.Oenothera biennis. chicory 70.Veronica officinalis. dyer's woad 110.A. chervil 68.cepa. pin cherry 39. garlic 111. red mint comfrey 33.Isatis tinctoria.Chamaemelum nobile. apple mint 69.Mentha suaveolens. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.Symphytum officinale. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Dianthus plumarius 75.Atriplex hortensis.Prunus pensylvanica. chamomile 30. 73.Verbascum thapsus. Madonna lily leucanthemum. veronica 108. cowslip 72.V.Primula veris. × gentilis.A. feverfew cinerariifolium. Proliferum Group.29. spicata. × piperita var.Origanum dictamnus.Helichrysum angustifolium.Lilium candidum.M.Anthriscus cerefolium.Chrysanthemum 74.M. suaveolens 'Variegata'. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . citrata.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Chrysanthemum 78. pineapple mint 31. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. wild 116.
where a selection of planters increases the planting area. not just hiding it. Francis. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. its outline constructed of brick. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. A statue of St. of good proportion for the size of the opening. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. but not obvious. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. < previous page page_104 next page > . The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. A wheelshaped bed.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
oregano Anemone hupehensis var. lion's-ear prismaticum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. labdanum Cistus crispus. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. Cestrum nocturnum. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. white Justicia carnea. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. AREA VI japonica. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. cat Watsonia rosea. AREA IV Ixia maculata. loquat Cichorium intybus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. Eriobotrya japonica. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. menthifolia. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Vetiveria zizanioides. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. poet's Solidago californica. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. potato Brassica eruca. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. Eleocharis dulcis. only those not found on other lists are noted here. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Sidney Ephedra viridis.
but also for proper leaf size. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. to name a few. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. < previous page page_106 next page > . its pattern bordered in correct proportion. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. The exterior brick path. scented-leaf geraniums. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. another a Mary garden. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. emphasizes the circle. an "old rose" and fragrant. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. and a third a culinary garden. not only for hardiness where needed. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. is a center of interest. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. One is a garden of legends. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. or potpourri.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
chive bedstraw 16. English thyme 13.19. 1.Allium schoenoprasum.The number in each planting area is the key number. angelica 2. 27.20.Lamium album.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. flax 17.Ruta graveolens. English ivy rosemary 8. costmary 6. sweet 21. Chamaemelum nobile.Crocus sativus. garden up sage 10. Angelica archangelica. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Narcissus mustard 14. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Hedera helix. Anethum graveolens.Galium verum.Origanum majorana. Johnny-jump. dill 11.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Brassica nigra. blue 18. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Mentha spicata. rue 28.Alchemilla vulgaris. Artemisia absinthium. lady's. hyssop rose 9. Hyssopus officinalis. pot 26. Linum usitatissimum.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Calendula officinalis. yellow 25. chamomile 3. black 23. saffron crocus marigold 7.Rosmarinus officinalis. absinthe 4. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Salvia officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12. white dead 24. spearmint 22. pyrethrum 5. Viola tricolor.Ocimum basilicum.
On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. < previous page page_108 next page > . No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic.
hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. beach Monarda didyma. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Russian 'Prostratus'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. clove Marrubium vulgare. Myrrhis odorata. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. thyme Cnicus benedictus. Artemisia absinthium. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. lemon balm Mentha spicata.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. blue Lamium maculatum. rue Malva alcea var. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Cotinus coggygria. fastigiata. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. sweet Myrtus communis. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. perennial flax Galium odoratum.
millstones. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. Appropriately used as accents. features a closed knot of superior design. Viewed from the terrace garden.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. and huge. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. The generous use of edgings. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. simply on a smaller scale. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. This is a general rule observed. < previous page page_110 next page > . where paths enter an area or take a different direction. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. too.
Santolina virens. green santolina 6. germander 2. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. of greater size than is commonly found. cheddar pink 4. Landscape Architect. and the mulch. 'Tiny Rubies'. lavender 5.A. The number in each planting area is the key number.Teucrium chamaedrys. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. dwarf box . Design plan of herb garden 1.L. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. A.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Hyssopus officinalis. Routine clipping is required. that of good proportion. gray santolina 7.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. six feet in diameter. blue hyssop 3. has its size dictated by a rule of design.S.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
dogwood Pinus nigra. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. black haw Prunus americana. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. beach plum Corylus avellana. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. quince Magnolia virginiana. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. honey locust Cornus florida. plum Prunus maritima. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. goat willow Sassafras albidum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. box Myrica pensylvanica. box Calycanthus fioridus. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. japonica. shadbush Salix caprea. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > .
'Annie Hall' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Currently. and a miscellany of others. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. silver thyme T. However. Rosmarinus. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. leucotrichus T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. arcticus T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. Salvia. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. herba-barona. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. 'Doone Valley' . 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. caraway thyme T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Lavandula. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. its plant material varied. praecox subsp. doerfleri T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. praecox subsp. 'Argenteus'. As a rule.
praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus'. involucrata. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. crimson creeping thyme T. angustissimus. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R.T. 'Clear Gold'. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. blue sage S. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. sweet lavender L. ramie . arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. officinalis 'Purpurea'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. officinalis 'Aurea'. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. greggii. praecox subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. leucantha. English lavender L. golden variegated sage S. golden rosemary R. heterophylla. vulgaris 'Albus' T. pine-scented rosemary R. Mexican bush sage S. guaranitica. angustifolia subsp. golden thyme T. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. autumn sage S. angustifolia. dentata. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. anise sage S.
Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Sium sisarum. rupturewort. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Circumstances determined these priorities.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. used in salads or boiled. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. obedient plant. Herniaria glabra. for scrubbing pots. Primarily. Hesperis matronalis. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. L. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. family needsmedicinal. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. The apple trees. to lure bees. a well beside the house. to sweeten the air. constructed of brick made on the property. which were located between the water supply. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. Physostegia virginiana. Cheloneglabra. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. balmony. Smith. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. horsetail. Equisetum arvense. Prunella vulgaris. culinary. The house.
At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. Today. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. too. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. for a few are in use now. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. while functional. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. too. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. < previous page page_116 next page > .
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Lagerstroemia indica. rosemary 2. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . 1. southern laciniata. Banksia rose 14. yellow 12.Laurus nobilis. 15.Lonicera sempervirens.Prunus angustifolia.Syringa × persica var.Rosa banksiae.Wisteria frutescens. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. 16. pomegranate 3. Cape jasmine 10.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. bay 7.Ficus carica.Malus angustifolia. garlic 9.Rosmarinus officinalis.Punica granatum. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Gardenia jasminoides. fig 6.Lonicera flava.Allium sativum.Sambucus canadensis. wisteria 13. trumpet 11.Pinus taeda.
It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. too. Appropriately. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Italy. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. < previous page page_118 next page > . the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. The effect would be quite different without them.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Calendula officinalis.Anethum graveolens. yaupon pink southernwood 12. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. 61.Cimicifuga racemosa. 38. 63. great 47.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. blue 44.Dianthus caryophyllus. dogwood horehound 18.Cassia marilandica.Artemisia abrotanum. spearmint 62. 43.Ilex opaca. myrtle 53.Ruta graveolens.Nepeta cataria. 33.Vinca minor.Hyssopus officinalis.Crocus sativus. rue 56. balm autumn crocus 2.Gaultheria procumbens. 42.Artemisia dracunculus var. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Hypericum perforatum.Xanthoriza simplicissima. borage 31. sweet shrub 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. peony 51. sweet flag marigold 24. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5.Lilium candidum.Asclepias tuberosa. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Lonicera sempervirens.Mentha spicata. yarrow lungwort 22. 70. catnip 34. 66.Asarum virginicum.Punica granatum.Hamamelis virginiana. hyssop sassafras 20.Digitalis purpurea.Cornus florida. sweet 64.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Elizabeth Lawrence. bee balm 28. 37.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Melissa officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia.Populus balsamifera.Tanacetum vulgare.Achillea millefolium. St.Chimaphila umbellata.Rosa laevigata. yellow-root 7. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Foeniculum vulgare. garden sage 59. sativa. wild ginger69.57. American holly 16.Paeonia officinalis.Acorus calamus.Monarda punctata. fennel 40.Marrubium vulgare. white periwinkle spicebush 13. black 29. 55.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha × piperita. saffron crocus 25.Pulmonaria officinalis.Lindera benzoin.Pinckneya pubens. 45.Galium odoratum. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Sassafras albidum. mullein 49.Salvia officinalis. lemon 26.Symphytum officinale. dill 39. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. butterfly 32.Colchicum autumnale.Dipsacus sativus.Allium schoenoprasum.Ilex vomitoria.Teucrium chamaedrys.Buxus sempervirens.Laurus nobilis. fuller's teasel 67. clove 36.Rubus allegheniensis. 68. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Calycanthus fioridus.Monarda didyma. horsemint lobelia 23. 54. agrimony 58. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Eupatorium perfoliatum. 60. blue 46. lovage 35. basil chive 3. foxglove 41.Mentha pulegium.Agrimonia eupatoria.Santolina chamaecyparissus. bay lavender wintergreen 21. senna woodruff 15.Lobelia siphilitica. box chamomile 9.Borago officinalis.Armoracia rusticana.Levisticum officinale.Chamaemelum nobile. tansy 65. 50. 30.Ocimum basilicum. pot 48. peppermint 52. sweet 27.
the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. This is true for the remedies. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. In any event. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. 1 T. and fragrances they developed. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. preventives. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. < previous page page_120 next page > . of herbs for one loaf of bread. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants.
spearmint 17. blue hyssop 21. sweet basil 13. Calendula officinalis.Digitalis purpurea. English thyme rosemary 7.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata.Rosmarinus officinalis. black haw 23. quince 24.Levisticum officinale.Viburnum prunifolium.Lavandula angustifolia. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Nepeta cataria. caraway 19. catnip 16. winter savory 4. tansy 11.Papaver somniferum. English 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. horsemint 20.Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare. sweet marjoram 6.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Carum carvi. 14. absinthe 9.Artemisia absinthium. apothecary's rose 22.Origanum majorana.Pyrus communis.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha × piperita. opium poppy 5. foxglove 12. garden sage 8. pot marigold 2.Cydonia oblonga.Satureja montana. 1.Monarda punctata. lavender lovage 3. horehound 15. peppermint 18.Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.
< previous page page_122 next page > . and bricks raise the beds. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. and if the best has not always survived. centrally located. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. one dated 1759. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. The beds are used to achieve balance. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Thus it was for this garden. from early Moravian settlements.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. The main paths of brick unify the garden. to study it. often it is reconstructed. Allowed such freedom of expression. for example the large square bed with circular path. Shaded by hop vines. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Some could be used singly. the other 1761. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. makes it something of a focal point.
. Campbell.L. A.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect.S.A.
orach 76. saffron peppermint crocus 35. 68. elecampane 11.Artemisia vulgaris.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis. redbud 24.Salvia sclarea.Saponaria officinalis. absinthe 45. rhubarb 10. lovage 9. mugwort67.Allium sativum. polyanthus narcissus 60.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Armoracia rusticana.The number in each planting area is the key number.Foeniculum vulgare.Gelsemium sempervirens. 54. autumn crocus 34. rue 14. annual clary 3. 62.Narcissus tazetta. corn poppy 79. 1. blessed thistle 8. English thyme 2.Rosa centifolia.Colchicum autumnale.Althaea officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa roxburghii. damask coriander rose 19.Mentha spicata. cabbage angustifolia.Carum carvi. parsley 32.77.Inula helenium. lavender rose 21. columbine 29.Salvia viridis. love. tansy 6. daisy crape myrtle 23.Stachys officinalis. comfrey 33.Mentha × piperita.Allium schoenoprasum.Crocus sativus. English 78. chamomile 17.Cornusflorida.Bellis perennis.Coriandrum sativum. red pepper 20.Chrysanthemum parthenium. virgin's bower 40. feverfew southern magnolia 27. madder 16.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum.Passiflora incarnata. blue 63.Dianthus caryophyllus. Madonna lily 59. balm chive 37.Rheum rhabarbarum. cockscomb 47.Matthiola incana.Celosia cristata. eglantine Group.Rosa eglanteria. poet's narcissus 61. dill 73.Vitis.Humulus lupulus.Petroselinum crispum. marsh mallow 7. garlic lungwort 36.Amaranthus caudatus.Tanacetum vulgare. hyssop maypop 42.Clematis virginiana. lemon 64.Tropaeolum majus. dwarf nasturtium 13. clary 30.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Nigella sativa. 74.Atriplex hortensis. asparagus 31.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet 71.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. hop southernwood 39.Papaver rhoeas.Marrubium vulgare.Asparagus officinalis.Rubia tinctorum. black cumin 46. garden sage 15. 80.Lilium candidum. 66.Narcissus poeticus. basil moss rose 44. rosemary49. clove 53. French rose 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Chamaemelum nobile. catnip 70. caraway 72. sorrel 65. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. sweet 55. grape larkspur 41. fennel marjoram 28. garden nasturtium 12.Consolida ambigua.Lagerstroemia indica.Magnolia grandiflora. stock 50. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Alcea rosea. spearmint 57. 48. Carolina jessamine 38.Anethum graveolens.Levisticum officinale. 52.Hydrangea quercifolia.Artemisia absinthium.Ficus.Rosa damascena.Salvia officinalis.Nepeta cataria.Melissa officinalis.Scabiosa atropurpurea. 81.Borago officinalis.Rosa moschata.Cercis canadensis. borage 5. blue 69.Tropaeolum minus.Cnicus benedictus.Rosa gallica.Achillea millefolium.Silybum marianum.Ruta graveolens. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. betony 82. holy thistle 58. hollyhock 51.Symphytum officinale.Rumex acetosa. chestnut rose 43. yarrow 4.Aquilegia vulgaris. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . horehound 56.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. A ravine and existing. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Thus. First. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). and the north point is established. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Usually this is least desirable. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. it is proper to make a trial run. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The next most desirable exposure. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Calluna (heather). This space was never adequate. the western. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Although some observations may seem obvious. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. far from the house. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The lesser the scale. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. even boggy. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure.
another is close to the rear of the house. The general outline is similar. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. and the search did not take long. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. Then. The outline is fixed. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. but it need not be identical. Indeed. It was a pleasurable assignment. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. and the property line on the last. single bed. < previous page page_126 next page > . all four sides are so determined. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The.ground where drainage is better. as the drawing on p. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The new herb garden has been located. a driveway on still another. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. There is the housegarage structure on one side. certainly not precisely the same. 127 indicates. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs.
Two drawings were required to work out problems. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. There was no . A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. as in this case. With the plan established. then north. forming the outer boundary of the service path. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. If. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. this low wall will enclose the garden area. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. In fact. something is amiss. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If all is well. In addition. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
a lapped joint was fashioned. In this area. However. not one completed in a weekend. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. However. however. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. the eight-foot length was more practical. . at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. and the finished edging would be effective. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. At corners. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. this was. A structural edging was in order. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. eight. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. the site required some leveling. Before edgings could be put in place. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. In the earlier stage of planning. admittedly. In this case.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
One is the ramp to the driveway. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. but there are exits to different levels. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. this same base underlies all the paths. A choice of five colors was available. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. Aged compost. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. sand.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Unfortunately. Heavy black plastic. for they will likely have more traffic. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. This method of treatment now guarantees . The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Weeds. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. filling the beds with soil was next. Paving for the terraced area is brick. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. could serve this purpose. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. selected for its simplicity. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. The latter need to be more substantially paved. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. had been proof of that. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. leaves. The pattern is running bond. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround.
Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. even bed for the pavers. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. on a trial run of one course of brick. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. However. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. worth the added cost.
. and the steps to other levels." their construction can be somewhat varied. converging where it was logical to do so. for it would interfere with the drainage system. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. the terraced area. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. In this instance. With the completion of the paths. French drains. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. Herbs have flourished in the beds. since that path borders the house. learned about decades earlier. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. Sometimes called "rubble drains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone.
< previous page page_130 next page > .
E EllipseAn oval. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. hundredths of an inch. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Its arrow points north and. and so on. having a variety of gradations. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. sixteenths of an inch. is symmetrical. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. albula. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. in tenths of an inch. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. for example. in inches. twelfths of an inch. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. and so on. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . for example. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. a garden plan. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. casts the shadow for the hour. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. often a wall or trellis.
sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. M ManufactoryA factory. its compartments filled with flowers. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. turf. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects.3. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass.brick) in the same course. also called rubble drain. a patterned garden. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. ForthrightA straight course or path. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. heated especially by fermenting manure. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. rounded fragments of rock. GrindstoneMillstone. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. roofed structure usually open on the sides. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. Pea gravelSmall. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species.3). a flat. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. Usually a few inches thick. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. loose. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. or colored earths. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. G GazeboA freestanding. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone.
a < previous page page_131 next page > .rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.
Turf seatBanked-up earth. R Rose. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. not treelike or with a single trunk. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. often planted with aromatic herbs. Stone. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. TreillageLatticework for vines. or steps. called also a hose cock. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. walls. < previous page page_132 next page > . Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. cutting. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. W Wall. ranking between species and variety. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. V VarietyA category below species. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. snug fit for walks.
L. Foley.: Buckeye Printing Co. Brownlow. Herbs and the Earth. 1933. 1963. Mo. Complements. 1971. New York. Park Seed Co. Helen H. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. New York: G. Sydney: B. Margaret E. London: Country Life. Darrah. The Cultivated Basils. 1944. Alice Morse. H. British Plants. Clarkson. Dutton & Co. London: Marshall Cavendish. Hanging Plants for Home. Gertrude B. 1951.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. The Small Garden. P. Coats. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Kent: The Herb Farm. Greenwood. John. 1980. London: Adam and Charles Black. Green Enchantment. Frances A. Edlin. 1980. New York: Dover. Herbals. Garden Design. 1962. 1942. 1935. L. Beston. Prof. 1957. Liberty Hyde. 1902. Garden City: Doubleday. Independence. and Accessories. Bardswell. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Room Outside. 1966. 1911. H. Foster. 1966. Harriet Ballard. Robert Lee. Gertrude B. How Plants Get Their Names. Erichsen-Brown. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 14701670. Terrace. 1970. Bailey Hortorium. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 1961. Daniel J. John Philip. London. 1938. New York: Macmillan. Herbsfor Every Garden. 1971. 1973. W. Batsford. New York: Macmillan. Jot. Staff of. London: Macmillan. 1951.. and Louden. Foster. Helen Morgenthau. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Julia S. and Garden. . Roses. . New York: Simon and Schuster. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. S. Sylvia. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. ed. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1977. 1982... Crowe. 1972. New York: Crown Publishers. Brookes. 1972. Rosetta E. John E. Book of the Geranium. Fox. P. 1979. London: Saturn Press.C. Baumgardt.: Geo. New York: Macmillan. 1958. Earle. New York: Viking Press. Bailey. New York: Macmillan. Aurora. Toronto. Putnam's Sons. 1976. Park's Success with Herbs. Charlotte. Carpenter.. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Rosemary F. Doran & Co.. Behme. Hortus Third. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Berrall. Seal. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Henry. Agnes. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. The Herb Garden. . Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. New York: Viking Press. Cross. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Sevenoaks. Peter. New York: E. New York: Hawthorne Books. Flannery. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. T.
Simmons. London: Faber and Faber. Miller. Early American Gardens. Vegetable Dyeing. Plants of the Bible. Boston. Wynnewood. Neri.) Rohde. Mass. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Grieve. Krauss. 1975. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1938. New York: Dover. and Back. McFarland. Moldenke. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Philippa.. New York: E. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1971. 1974. Paul B. Rosengarten. 1951.Garland. A Garden of Herbs. Rev. P. M. 1969. 1974. 1946. Roy. Lawrence. The Art of Dyeing. The Herb Garden. 1983. A. and Alma L. Helen K. Grow and Enjoy. Lerner. Sylva. 1970. George H.: Livingston Pub. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 2d ed. Patrick M. 1969. Pa. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Robert. Shaker Herbs.. Horace. Lesch.. Muenscher. 1973. Howard.. Roses of the World in Color. The Concise Handbook of Roses. 1972. New York: Harper & Bros. Jones.. 1978. 1966. Carol. Harold N. Myron. Franco. Gardens in Winter. Division Billboard Publications. Mrs. 1979. A Biblical Garden. Jr. Tucson: H. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. 1981. P. 1971.: Chronica Botanica Co.. Norma Jean. New York: Viking Press. Vicenza. Eleanour Sinclair. The Berry Book. New York: Macmillan. 1961. J. and Brunello. New York: Clarkson N. Boston. Leighton. Edited by Clarence Elliott. New York: Van Nostrand. Claire. Eigel. ed. Flowers of the Field. Lathrop.. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Hamel. Alma. Lawrence. 1952. Sarah. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. New York: Macmillan. Hay. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. and Rice. How to Landscape Your Grounds. (1st American edition trans. Walter.C. Kiaer.: Herald Publishing Co. Alice Recknagel. Books. New York: Macmillan. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Adelma G. New York: De La Mare.. Loewenfeld. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Loewenfeld. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Co. 1959. 1964. Ann. How to Select. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Frederic. New York: Doubleday. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Pozza. Ireys.. New York: Crown Publishers.. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Brown & Co. 1911. chemist. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1976. 1981. 1970. New York: William Morrow & Co. N. New York: William Morrow and Co. Loyal R. Johnson. Claire. Landscaping with Vines.. Waltham. Elizabeth. London: George Routledge & Sons. Frances. The Book of Spices. Bernard Hickey. Hendrickson. Herbs. Modern Herbal. 1982. Dorothy Bovee. . and Synge. 1975. Amy Bess. Dutton & Co.. M. Mary U. Toronto: Little. Potter. Cherokee Plants. Italy. New York: Dover. and Chiltoskey. 1976. C. Johns.
Building Stone Walls. William T. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. 1976. New York. and Robert B. Mrs.S... C. The Fragrant Garden. Mrs. George. L. New York: McGraw-Hill.. T. James C. New York: Simon & Schuster.. Mrs. New ed. Gannaway. 1972. New York: Farrar. Stuart. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. W. Wilder. Mrs. Martin. Virginia B. Mrs. Philip Batchelder. Jo Lohmolder. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. London: Phoenix House. Amy Bess Miller. Norman. Graham. Yang. Mrs. Pees. Mrs. 1962. 1972. Elizabeth Lawrence. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Ingersoll. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape.. Alfred L. Fragrance in the Garden. Jr.. 1982. 1961. Mrs. 1942.. The Shakespeare Garden. Berkeley Brandt. Elisabeth W. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Marshall. . Thomas. Charles Patch. Mrs. L. L..A. Austin R. 1965. Jr. Christopher. L.A. Malcolm. 1953. Rhoda Specht. 1974. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Taylor.. . New York: Doubleday.S. Marion E. New York: Simon & Schuster. Vt. Boston: Ralph T. Charlotte. Madalene Hill.A. ed.A. 1979. Mrs.A.A. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Katherine S. Landscape Architecture. Helen Noyes... Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Bates. Stearn. 1972. John. A. Bradner. 1976. Meyer. Margaret Osborn Holt. Associate. L. L. William Y Dear. F. Vera Breed. Helen Van Pelt.. A. John Poinier. Mrs. Onward and Upward in the Garden. H. L. New York: St. Container Gardening Outdoors. Indianapolis. Linda. Webster. Hale & Co. Cozart. Botanical Latin. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.S. Price. Rev.A. The History of Gardens. Martha Dahlen. 1966. Campbell. L. Morss. Moffit. London: Phoenix House. Weber. Small Gardens Are More Fun. L. Leonie. New York: William Morrow & Co. Mr. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mrs. L.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Winthrop G. 1957. Barbara Capen. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. 1979. Straus. L. William W. Henry Gund. Mrs. Donald Paxton.. Hines.The Old Shrub Roses. Vivian. 1967.. Mrs. 1979. Bush. John Ormsbee. White. and Bell. Louise Beebe. Nelva M. Mrs. Leonard Dreyfuss. The Fragrant Year. Shrub Roses of Today. Esther.A. Maxton Davies.. Peter M. Z. Mrs. Sherry D. Bynam. William T. Neil Hamill Park. Paxton. W T. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Mrs. Boerner. Susan W. New York: St. William Radler. Herbs in the Garden. Raymond V. Thacker. Taloumis. Mrs. Giroux. Bleecker. Charles L.L. Mrs. Lamm.A. Hammond Crawford..L. Stearn. Robert G. Benjamin McF.A.A.. McGarry. L.. George T.D. Wilson. Martin's.A. Herbert G. New York. Mrs.. Smith. Toronto: Van Nostrand.A. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.A. Singleton.. ed. 1975. . Diane C. Jr.A. A.: Garden Way. Melissa R. James D. Frank M.. A.A. New York: Dover. L.R. Robert K. 1931. Lucile Teeter Kissack. New York: Hafner... Revised by Dr. Mrs.A. Tarantino. Griffin. Plimpton. Mrs. William C. Climbing Roses Old and New. . Jack Emil Geist. Mrs. and Mrs. New York: William Farquhar Payson.L. 1953. Graham Stuart. A. Michael. Martin's Press. Zohary.A. Mrs. L. Baker. Sandy Hicks. Plants of the Bible. Keebler.
Boerner Botanical Gardens. Ark. Weeks Brick House. Inc.. Swanson. Eric Duke Scott.. Roberts.. L. L. Western Reserve Herb Society. Kathleen Byroads Sowers.. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden... R. Mrs. Linda Yang. Ann Arbor. Semple. Greenland. Mrs. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Nathan Sameth.C. Mrs. Milton C. Lawrence Schetky. Walter Rebmann.. Talbot III. Inc. Rose.. Cleveland.. Timothy Procter Ruh. Wilcox. Little Rock. Gayle. Ohio. and Mrs. Milton Stricker. Wisc.. Winston-Salem. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. < previous page page_134 next page > . Shaker Community. Isadore L. Hancock. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. John A. N..C. Old Slater Mill Museum. Booker Worthen. Skinner. Mass. Edmund G. L. Joe H. Bailey. Ga.H.A. Mich. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Kingwood Center. Mrs... Plain Dealer Photo. Mansfield. Joan E. Lansing. Ohio. L. Christopher Spencer. Elbert Smith. Matthew Miksch House. N. Hancock Shaker Village. Helen M. Jean Ruh. Christopher Rady.A. Atlanta Historical Society. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Hales Corners. Mrs.I. Mrs. civic.. Atlanta. Mrs. G. The following provided historical.A. Linda Yang. Frederick E. N. James F.A. Architect. L. Smith (Ann Leighton). James S. The Country Doctor Museum.Rady. Old Salem. Eloise andJo Ray.. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Derthick. Mrs. Pawtucket. Mr. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Harper. Michigan State University. Whitman. Faith H. University of Michigan. Mrs. Mich.
barbadensis A. C. officinalis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. maritima L. E. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Myrrhis odorata. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Narcissus triandrus. azoricum. A. A.
melongena var. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. laevis Rhododendron . ludoviciana var. officinalis Populus. false Galium aristatum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Monarda didyma Crataegus. Lamium album Viburnum. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Solanum aculeatissimum S. podagraria Asparagus A. S. P. V. acerifolium. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. M. lycopersicum. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. albula A. grandiflorus Melissa M. F. officinalis. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. G. P.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
< previous page page_136 next page > .
cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. alpina 'Alba' A. Mertensia virginica.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. B. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. M. vulgaris A. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. deltoides Campsis radicans. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. angustifolia. oleracea. P. chrysantha Symphytum S. coronaria . Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata.
N. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. pseudonarcissus miniature N. V. Italian D Daffodil M. V. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. sativum R. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. ioensis Vaccinium. alpinum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . B. alpinum R. B. coronaria. C. angustifolia. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. M. macrocarpon. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Lepidium sativum Barbarea.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. maculatum G. M. verna.
leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. frutescens C. R. Ferocactus latispinus. lilioasphodelus H. Hosta H. triphyllum . lilioasphodelus. obtusifolius Rumex R. obtusifolius R. A. Sansevieria. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. D. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. C. R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. x superbum Hemerocallis. Chrysanthemum frutescens. crispus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. rivieri. T officinale Bellis.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. H. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. acetosa. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. A.
Senecio cineraria. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. pungens Sambucus S. ragusina. N. C. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. S. Helichrysum. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Antennaria. gymnocarpa. N. Lychnis coronaria. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. azoricum Nigella. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. N. arvensis. Gnaphalium. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. damascena. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. C.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Centaurea cineraria. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium .
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
A. P. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. Osmunda. regalis Adiantum. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. O. carica F. usitatissimum L. carica Corylus C. I.× germanica I. L. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. I. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. perenne . pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. versicolor. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.
× domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . neapolitanum A. tuberosum A. × germanica Myosotis M. Pelargonium. × limoneum P. sphaerocephalum A. Fumaria C. P. sativum var. scorodoprasum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. purpurea D. odoratissimum P. lutea Allium sativum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. × hortorum P. lanata D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. sylvatica Digitalis D. I. quercifolium P. grossularioides P radens P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea.
× citrosum P. × nervosum P. crispum P. capitatum P. chamaedrys T. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. T. A. A. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. glutinosum. Z. tomentosum P. denticulatum P. canadense. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. scabrum P graveolens P. Tragopogon.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. tomentosum P. canadense T. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. abrotanifolium P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. pratensis . quercifolium P. T. graveolens P. P. × jatrophifolium P. officinale Z.
C. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Oxalis deppei. nervosa V. C. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Vitis monticola. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. M. V. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . torquata E.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed.
H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.
< previous page
next page >
Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
Pulmonaria . C. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. majalis Liriope. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. triacanthos G.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Lythrum. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. W. G. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. L. Sempervivum Lobelia L. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. Ophiopogon L.
alcea var. erecta T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. lucida . tenuifolia T. pedatum Hibiscus. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. erecta T. grandiflora M. Malva. patula Calendula officinalis T.blue M Mace. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. M. erecta T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. M. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. A. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. C. Malva.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
majorana O. × piperita var. Spiraea alba. citrata M. majorana O. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. vulgare O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . R. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. vulgare O. S. odorata Achillea millefolium. requienii M. suaveolens M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. aquatica var. citrata M. × piperita var. vulgare 'Aureum' O. onites O. Astrantia. major. citrata M. dictamnus O. A. citrata. crispii M. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. piperita var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula.
Azolla caroliniana. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. V. Umbellularia californica. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . × gentilis M. olympicum. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. V. thapsus V. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. alba Verbascum. A. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Myrtus. vulgaris A. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. communis. rubra M. Myrrhis odorata. lactiflora Morus M.
minus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. poeticus N. majus T. V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . P. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V. L. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. nudum.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album L.
Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Proliferum Group A. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. fistulosum A. A. cepa. I. florentina. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. telephium Iris × germanica var. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. vulgare var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. cepa A. O. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. fistulosum Atriplex. C.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. cepa. fragrans O. fragrans Allium. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. S. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. hortensis A. Castilleja californica. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Scilla verna.
pulsatilla Passiflora P. patens. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . neopolitanum Pastinaca. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. P. A. P. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. crispum var. A. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. lactiflora P lactiflora P. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. crispum P.
Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Grossum Group C. roseus C. retroflexus. Longum Group C. C. Marsilea Perilla. A. C. annuum. frutescens C. Chenopodium. C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. annuum. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. C. Longum Group cone green C. C. album Ranunculus ficaria .Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. annuum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. paniculata P. annuum. P frutescens Catharanthus. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. annuum. Piper C. Conoides Group Capsicum.
cisatlantica Musa acuminata. umbellata var. umbellata var. × paradisiaca. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. taeda P. caryophyllus D. angustifolia var. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. P salicina P angustifolia. americana . Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Silene laciniata. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. C. P. Prunus japonica. officinalis Dianthus D. nigra P strobus P taeda P. C. M. plumarius. gratianopolitanus D. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Plantago P. watsonii P maritima P. plumarius D. taeda Chimaphila. alpinus D. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis.
californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. biennis P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. S. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. L. vulgare Lithospermum. 0. E. Liriodendron tulipifera P. rhoeas P. balsamifera P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. carnea Phytolacca americana P. P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia.
ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. pepo C. Diplotaxis. C. Hesperis . A. pepo Portulaca. C. sativum var. canadensis C. P. coccineum C. rhabarbarum R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. R. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.
banksiae R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. R. moschata . laevigata R. × borboniana R. Rubus coronarius R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. centifolia R. canina. damascena R. gallica R. spinosissima R. × borboniana R. × harisonii R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. canina R. Rosa chinensis R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. sativa Rosa R. damascena 'Bifera' R. chinensis 'Minima' R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana Kerria. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R.
officinalis S. S. Rosmarinus. × rehderana R. caerula. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. R. guaranitica S. greggii S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. angustissimus R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. setigera R. clevelandii S. rugosa R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis Limonium R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. Salvia hierosolymitana . tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. sclarea S. azurea subsp. pitcheri S. microphylla S.
neapolitana S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. A. viridis S. Salicornia. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. marilandica Amelanchier . montana Scabiosa S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. chamaecyparissus S. P. elegans S. S. maritimum E. T. C. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. halimus Crithmum maritimum. S. guaranitica S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. chamaecyparissus S. virens.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. hebecarpa. leucophylla S. leucantha S.
canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A.
Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. V. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. P. C. G. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. coggygria C. nivalis Lamium album. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. biflorum . coggygria. americana. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. P. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. coggygria Cotinus. C. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus.
crassipes O. E. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. O. acetosa. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. R. japonica Sorbaria. H. O. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . Ornithogalum arabicum. V. H. scutatus R. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. patulum. S. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. officinalis thyme-leaved V. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. L. pyrenaicum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R.
crispum T. T vulgare T. vesca F.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vulgare var. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. incana M. vulgare var. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. O. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. incana M. C. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. dracunculus var. M. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. chiloensis F. vesca F. O. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. perennis. floridus Philadelphus .
'Clear Gold' T. pallasianus T. praecox T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. C. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. E. Silybum marianum S. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. × citriodorus T. A. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. marianum S. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. marianum S. benedictus. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . citriodorus 'Aureus' T. arcticus T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. laevigata Eupatorium. 'Broad-leaf English' T. T. phaenopyrum C. maritima Thymus.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. sylvestris D. praecox subsp. 'Argenteus' T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria.
lycopersicum var. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. P. cerasiforme. praecox subsp. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Coreopsis Linaria. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . sanctum Tulipa T. C. I. alata Lycopersicon. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. noli-tangere. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. L. P.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Physalis peruviana L. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. pruinosa. lycopersicum L. sanctum O. lycopersicum var. peruviana P. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens.
Chimaphila. C. caeruleum Clematis. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. C. cornuta V. P. officinalis Polemonium. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. odorata V. canina. V riviniana Viola odorata V. V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' V. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. caprea .Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena.
tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. pontica. annua A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. ambrosioides Artemisia. nudum Isatis I. gmelinii A. frigida A. Stachys . Vanilla barbellata A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. absinthium A. verticillata Chimaphila. Corydalis sempervirens A. camphorata A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. I. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. caprea. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Gaultheria procumbens. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. V. W. S.
ageratum A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. C. millefolium A. × media 'Hicksii' T. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . I. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. lutea. vomitoria I. X. tomentosa Ilex cassine. taygetea A. simplicissima Cladrastis. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. filipendulina A.
alpinus Aconitum A. millefolium A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. ageratum A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A.. taygetea A. calamus Adiantum A. cana A. h. thousand-seal. sanguinary. five-finger f. pedatum Agastache A. fourcroydes sweet flag. fennel g. napellus Acorus A. blue giant hyssop. theophrasti Acacia A.. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. Indian mallow. parlor m. longifolia Achillea A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. nose-bleed. foeniculum Agave A. maidenhair American maidenhair. maidenhair fern. lion's tail anise hyssop. calamus maidenhair fern.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. monkshood flowering maple. butter-print. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. breviflora A. h.. Indian mallow China jute. fragrant g. yarrow sneezeweed. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. monkshood helmut flower. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.
cive..A.... Spanish o. scorodoprasum A. vulgaris Allium A. sativum A. giganteum A. hemp plant agrimony. sisalana Agrimonia A. tree o. lily leek daffodil garlic. Rosenbachianum A. flavum A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. sativum var. rosea Alchemilla A. moly A. reptans Alcea A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. fistulosum A. schoenoprasum A. christophii A. karataviense A. flowering o. githago Ajuga A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. senescens var. schnittlauch giant garlic . alpina A. neapolitanum A. serpent garlic chive. Japanese bunching o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. ophioscorodon A. sisal hemp. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. garlic rocambole. two-bladed o. purple c. cocklebur. ciboule. Pulchellum A. ostrowskianum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle.
Oriental garlic . officinalis Amaranthus A. bugloss windflower. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. archangel. bugloss alkanet. caudatus Amelanchier A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. shadbush. tuberosum Aloe A. medicinal a. canadensis Amsonia A.. officinarum Anchusa A. juneberry. sphaerocephalum A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. white m.glaucum A. barbadensis Aloysia A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. blanda A. pulsatilla Anethum A. Barbados a. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A.. japonica A. shad. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. Curasao a. marschalliana A. cerefolium chervil angelica.. garlic c. hupehensis var. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. officinalis Anemone A. triphylla Althaea A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive.
manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . chrysantha A. graveolens var. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. alpina 'Alba' A. European crowfoot bearberry. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.Apium A.
common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. canadense A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. lactiflora A. old man southernwood absinthe. triphyllum A. dracunculus var. gmelinii A. rusticana Artemisia A. creashak green-dragon. annua A. wormwood southernwood. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . dracontium A. arborescens A. europaeum A. mountain box. pontica A. mugwort. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. stewardsonii Armeria A. virginicum bearberry. camphorata A. sea pink thrift.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. mealberry. bear's grape. hog cranberry. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. asarabacca wild ginger. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. maritima Armoracia A. frigida A. sandberry. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. Ludoviciana var. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. sativa A. triphyllum subsp. albula A. red cole sagebrush. pink or white horseradish. kinnikinick.
tinctoria Barbarea B. cool-tankard cole. s. major Atriplex A. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. yellow r. c. tuberroot. saltbush orach. wild indigo blue false indigo.. s. nivea Borago B. tuberosa Asparagus A. c. hortensis B Baptista B. officinalis Astrantia A. piprage beet swiss chard. perennis Berberis B. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. silkweed.Asclepias A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. rocket. upland cress winter cress. orach sea orach. ruby s. vulgaris. c. rattleweed winter cress. garden o. vulgaris Beta milkweed. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. vulgaris Bellis B. i. talewort. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. butterfly flower butterfly weed.. pleurisy root. c. plains f. australis B. mustard . ruby s. halimus A. B. Chinese silk plant. wild blue i. China grass borage borage. mountain spinach false indigo. papyrifera Boehmeria B. jaundice berry. wild indigo.
sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . strawberry s. white-flowered k. sempervirens B. officinalis Calycanthus C.B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. floridus Campanula C. eruca B. microphylla var. grandiflora Calendula C. microphylla 'Nana' B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. pineapple s. carpatica C.. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. koreana B.. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.
o. o. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. p. s. o. p. trumpet flower. p.C. pimento sweet pepper s. p. o. red p. green p.. bell p.. cow-itch. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. p. p. o. sweet pepper. o. green p. < previous page page_147 next page > . rapunculus Campsis C. p. p. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o.. chili p. o. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. persicifolia C. p.. trumpet vine. s. s. C. o.
carvi Carya C. Madagascar periwinkle. snakehead . nocturnum Chamaemelum C.. false saffron. garden c. senna. capsicum p.. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. canariensis Cedrus C. deodara Celosia C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. frutescens Carthamus C. bastard s. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Tabasco-sauce p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. nobile Chelidonium C. ovata Cassia C. majus Chelone cayenne p... Tabasco p. chili p. illinoinensis C. red p. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. shellbark h.. celandine celandine turtlehead. marilandica Catharanthus C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. cristata Cercis C. Russian c. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. tinctorius Carum C.
American w.. old-man's-beard costmary. coccineum C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. virgilia virgin's bower. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. barbe-de-capuchin. glabra Chenopodium C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. wormseed. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. intybus Cimicifuga C.. crispus C. lutea Clematis C. balsamita C. Meyer 1. leather flower. alecost pyrethrum. pyrethum. devil's-darning- . umbellata Chionanthus C. racemosa Cistus C. rattletop black cohosh. Dalmatia p.. bonus-henricus C. × superbum Cichorium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. fat hen ambrosia. Chinese dwarf 1. leather flower. frutescens C. feather geranium. Spanish t. wax flower. mint geranium.C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. leucanthemum C. botrys Chimaphila C. parthenium C. ladanifer Citrus C. pigweed Mexican tea. ambrosioides C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. wintergreen. dwarf 1. virgin's bower.. × jouiniana 'Mrs. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Robert Brydon' C. cinerariifolium C.
majalis Convolvulus C. red haw hawthorn English h. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . quick-set. apiculatus Crataegus C. ambigua C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. smokebush smoke tree. thorn. tinctoria Coriandrum C. sativum Cornus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. avellana Cotinus C.. autumnale Comptonia C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. Venetian sumac. peregrina Consolida C. benedictus Coix C. laevigata C. smokebush. coggygria Cotoneaster C. thorn apple. trifolia Coreopsis C. orientalis Convallaria C. smoke plant.needle Cnicus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. cneorum Coptis C. Chinese parsley dogwood. arkansana C. florida Corylus C.
. × allwoodii D. sempervirens Cydonia C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. angustifolius C. maritimum Crocus C. scoparius C. sieberi C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . gracilis Dianthus D. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.C. kotschyanus C.. sativus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. speciosus C. citratus Cytisus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. West Indian 1. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.
grandiflora D. gas plant. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. pardalianches E Echeveria E. carnation. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. lanata D. sativus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . sylvestris Doronicum D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. burning bush. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. Simkins' 'Nanus' D.
jacinth. J. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E.E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. japonica Eryngium E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. sea holm. blueweed. torquata Euonymus E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. pungens Eleocharis E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . dulcis Endymion E. ironbark. maritimum Eschscholzia E. epimedium barrenwort. vulgare Elaeagnus E. rugosum v. b. gum tree. arvense E. hyemale Eranthis E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. plum eryngo sea holly. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. S. sea eryngo California poppy C. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. Japanese medlar. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. viridis Epimedium E. perfoliatum E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. poppy eucalypt. californica Eucalyptus E. Australian gum.
fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. alpine s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. a. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. vulgare F. sow-teat s. vulgare subsp. major Fragaria F. assafoetida Ficus F.Euphorbia E. vulgare var. ulmaria F. chiloensis F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F.s. vulgare F. a. a. imperialis Fumaria F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. cyparissias F Ferula F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . finocchio.s.
. ground ivy. robertianum Glechoma G. alumroot herb Robert.. our-lady's-b. tinctoria Geranium G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. mollugo G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. mountain tea. hederacea Gleditsia G. germanica G.F. Carolina jessamine Genista G. Carolina jasmine G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. virginiana Hedeoma H. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. woodwaxen. field balm. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. teaberry. wild c. mock p. verum Gardenia G. honey locust. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. odoratum G. cleavers white bedstraw. gardenia. runaway robin. Carolina yellow j. false baby's-breath woodruff.. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. checkerberry... jasminoides Gaultheria G. dyer's greenweed. red Robin . sweet w. hexapetala G Galanthus G. spotted c. maculatum G. vernalis H. pulegioides American pennyroyal. triacanthos Gossypium G. nivalis Galium G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. Capejasmine wintergreen.
< previous page page_149 next page > .
garland 1. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. bimlipatum j. Chinese hibiscus. Indian hemp. Deckaner h. lividus subsp.. Deccan h. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. mallow. niger H.. giant m. bimli j. arborescens Helleborus H.. cannabinus H. sweet r. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. × luteola Herniaria H.. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. lilioasphodelus H. blacking plant plantain lily.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. atrorubens H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. corsicus H. daylily . foetidus H. glabra Hesperis H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. rose m. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H.. curry plant false licorice. licorice plant heliotrope. bastard jute. China rose.. angustifolium H. matronalis Hibiscus H. hibiscus kenaf. flavescens Helenium H. turnsole heliotrope.. lemon d. Hawaiian h. rose-of-China. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting.
box-leaved h. lupulus Hydrangea H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. crenata var.-John's-wort St. navelwort gotu kola St. orangeroot.H.-John's-wort St. rose h. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. patulum 'Sungold' H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. asiatica Hypericum H. perforatum Hyssopus H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. . white h. box-leaved h. I.. quercifolia Hydrastis H. European h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. horned h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.
helenium Ipomoea I.I. opaca I. chinensis var. tinctoria Ixia I. crested i. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. snapweed. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. J. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. glabra I. pseudacorus Isatis I.. cristata I. alba Iris I. × germanica var.. yellow flag. florentina I. water f. woad dyer's woad. virginiana red cedar jasmine. horizontalis creeping j. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. officinale Juniperus J. wilsonii Impatiens I. capensis Indigofera I. crested dwarf i. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. tinctoria Inula I. maculata J Jasminum J. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .. spotted t. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. African corn lily corn lily orris. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. jewelweed. vomitoria 'Nana' I. touch-me-not jewelweed. 'Great Lakes' I.
angustifolia subsp. dentata var... maculatum L.. flamingo p. plume flower. indica Lamium L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. d. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. angustifolia L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . nobilis Lavandula L. carnea Brazilian-plume. brandegeana shrimp plant J. king'scrown L Lactuca L. album L.Justicia water willow J. n. n. plume plant. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. sweet bay laurel. bay. paradise p.. dentata L. dumb nettle. white d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.
L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .
summer s. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. lovage privet. usitatissimum Liriope L. sativum Leucojum L. perenne L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. chalcedonicum Limonium L. benzoin Linum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. muscari Lobelia L. blue cardinal flower . candidum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s.. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. leonurus Leontopodium L. aestivum Levisticum L. hedge plant privet. officinale Ligustrum L. pepperwort. marsh rosemary. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L.
coral h. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. stellata M. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. virginiana sweet alyssum. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. money plant. cordata Magnolia M. honesty. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. satin flower honesty. vulgaris Lythrum L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. coronaria 'Alba' L. annua Lychnis L. gypsywort. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h.L. catchfly mullein pink. flava L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. silver-dollar. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. moonwort. penny f. coronaria L. maritima L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. sempervirens Lunaria L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. campion. lycopersicum var. grandiflora M. lycopersicum var.. europaeus Lysimachia L.
crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. Virginia c. 'Eau de Cologne' M. curly m. × piperita var. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. angustifolia M.. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. musk m. b. wild crab crab apple crab mallow.. imperial stock balm lemon b. menthella. holly g. × gentilis M. 'Guiding Star' M. pulegium M. Oregon g. American crab. vulgare Matthiola M. Virginia b. lemon m.. sweet b. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M.. apple m.. stock stock. pineapple m. white h. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. horsemint peppermint orange mint.. lungwort bluebells.. requienii M. incana Melissa M. alcea var. pennyroyal Corsican m.Mahonia M. blue barberry apple. horsemint . gillyflower. officinalis Mentha M. holly mahonia. hupehensis Malva M. longifolia M.. aquatica M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. incanum M. × piperita M. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. mountain g. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. holly barberry. fastigiata Marrubium M. bergamot m. cowslip. Brampton stock. citrata M. bluebells. Scotch m. bee b..
sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. American m. Greek myrtle. fistulosa var. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. sweet cicely. Swedish m.. anise. myrrh. pink b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. textilis Myosotis M. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. b. winter purslane. punctata Montia M. banana abaca. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. red m. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. b. candleberry. swamp c. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. white b. sylvatica Myrica M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. white bee balm pink b. fistulosa M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . odorata Myrtus M. Oswego tea. b.M. citriodora M. menthifolia M.
< previous page
next page >
N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
sieboldii 'Alba' P... nepalensis P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. tacamahac cinquefoil. cowslip self-heal self-heal. balsam p.Poncirus P. persica Pteridium P. maritima P. elatior P. pensylvanica P. Americana P. angustifolia P. all-heal salad burnet. brake bracken. widdy shrubby c. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . Jerusalem sage. heal-all. five-finger shrubby c.. sand p. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. domestica P. golden hardhack. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. hardy orange poplar. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. hackmatack. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. lungwort blue 1. hog-pasture b. brake. aspen. Jerusalem cowslip white p. veris Prunella P. pasture b. trifoliata Populus P. vulgaris Prunus P. granatum Pyrus P.
luteola Rhamnus R. sweetbrier French r. eglantine. Bourbon r. chinensis 'Minima' R.. × borboniana R. sativum Rosa R. garden c. typhina Ribes R. ficaria Reseda R.. pygmy r. fairy r. red currant. .. eglanteria R. dog r. pie plant. cabbage r. garden r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R... alpinum R. moss r. purshiana Rheum R.Quercus Q. brier r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. York-and-Lancaster r. small c. dog b. 'Cinderella' R.. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. autumn damask r. China r. mountain c. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. brier Banksia r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. banksiae R. rose. pilewort mignonette weld. stellata R Ranunculus R. gooseberry alpine c. crowfoot lesser celandine. gallica damask r. moss r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. canina R.
. musk r. chestnut r. roxburghii R. acetosa R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R.'Officinalis' R. Harison's yellow r. moschata R. chinquapin r. polyantha r. burnet r. rosemary pine-scented r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. tinctorum Rubus R. Japanese r. setigera R.. sorrel. French sorrel rue . rugosa R. climbing r. prostrate rosemary. 'Schneezwerg' R. rosemary white r.. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. × harisonii R. Cherokee r. bitter d. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. prairie r. Scotch r. snowdwarf memorial r. madder bramble blackberry. hirta Rumex R. laevigata R. wichuraiana R. angustissimus R. r. garden sorrel broad dock. dock s.. spinosissima R. Turkestan r. obtusifolius R. climbing r. × rehderana R. golden p.
< previous page page_153 next page > .
clevelandii S. golden g. gray sage. leucantha S. argentea S. viridis Sambucus S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. purple g. osier goat willow. caerula S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. bloodroot red puccoon. variegated garden s. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. purple variegated garden s. canadensis willow. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. elegans S. involucrata S. elderberry American e. leucophylla S. sclarea S. s. garden s. pussy willow sage. caprea Salvia S. microphylla S. American e. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. greggii S. guaranitica S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. bloodroot rue . Mexican bush s. s. clary annual clary elder.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R.
. blessed t. mad apple .Sanguisorba S. jasminoides S. devil's tongue.. melongena var. tectorum Silybum S. trifasciata Santolina S. lucky plant. hortensis S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. telephium Sempervivum S... marianum Sium S. atropurpurea Sedum S. morganianum S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. pincushion flower pincushions. albidum Satureja S. pinnata S. skirret potato vine eggplant. roof h. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. live-forever houseleek. neapolitana S. sisarum Solanum S. mourning-bride stonecrop. hemp plant snake plant. good-luck plant. hen-and-chickens. Mary's t. milk t. officinalis Sassafras S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. canadensis Sansevieria S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. virens Saponaria S. sweet s. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. live-forever houseleek. St. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious.
lilac . californica Sorbaria S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S.. sorbifolia Sorbus S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. vulgaris 'Addie V. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. × persica var. reticulata var. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. laevis Symphytum S. laciniata Persian lilac S. americana Stachys S. big m.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. woundwort lamb's-ears. byzantina S. lutea Stokesia S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. patula melongene. officinale S.. Aztec m. erecta marigold African m. hedge nettle. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. officinale Syringa S. grandiflora S.
tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. occidentalis Thymus T.T.. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. 'Broad-leaf English' T. germander American g. fruticans T. . tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. dwarf m. canadense T. 'Argenteus' T. yew conical y. marum Thuja T. lucida T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. wood sage germander dwarf. crispum Taraxacum T. vulgare T. dense y.. filifolia T. tansy tansy. sweet mace French m. culinary golden lemon t. vulgare var. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. lemon t. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T.. carnosus T. upright y. procumbent g. officinale Taxus T. columnar y. signet m. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.
< previous page page_154 next page > .
woolly thyme creeping t.. wishbone flower. odorus t. jasminoides Tragopogon T. red c.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. nummularius T. herba-barona T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t.. zygis Torenia T. doerfleri T. nitidus T. creeping t. pratensis Trichostema T. lemon t. caraway t. richardii subsp. praecox T. t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. leucotrichus T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. praecox subsp. confederatej. t. pallasianus T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. lanatum Trifolium T. . 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. crimson c. romero clover red clover star jasmine. serpyllum T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. glabrescens T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. not culinary French t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T.
flannel plant. farfara U Urginea U. velvet p. 'Blizzard' T. minus Tsuga T. thapsus Veronica V. angustifolium var. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. serpyllifolia nasturtium. blueberry. clusiana T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. squill. pale yellow Darwin t. kaufmanniana T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. species t. maritima Urtica U. bitter Indian garden n. early. tall n. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. .Tropaeolum T. 'General de Wet' T. canadensis Tulipa T. mullein mullein. laevifolium Valeriana V. majus T.. dioica V Vaccinium V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. tawny orange t. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. officinalis Verbascum V. nettle stinging n. red s. speedwell. officinalis V. Indian cress dwarf n. tarda T. olympicum V. cranberry. water-lily t. huckleberry.. blattaria V.
canina V. tricolor V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. carlesii V. acerifolium V. heartsease. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up.. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. plicatum 'Mariesii' V.Vetiveria V. lutea 'Splendens' V. khus-khus. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. arrowwood. sweet h. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. maple-leaved viburnum. violet dog violet horned v. odorata V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. prunifolium Vinca V. ladies-delight. myrtle.. lesser p. zizanioides Viburnum V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. heartsease pansy. cassinoides V. possum haw . withe-rod vetiver. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. running m. sheepberry.. minor Viola V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. nannyberry.
officinale ginger true ginger. ginger. Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.