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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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Page vii

CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. and record every detailall of the failures. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and I have had the pleasure of advising. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. responded with delight. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. pushing. Then. alterations. more of them exist to serve as examples. seven years ago. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. especially poetry. The turning point came when. for they had no model and no guide. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. with sparkling enthusiasm. bereft of hope. punching. carefully chosen. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. and the experience provided the final section of the book. It needs no sequel. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. Ginny had done some writing. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. wheedling. With false starts and honest stops. build it. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. whether all their labor was to no avail. and the publisher. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. This was not to be. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. successes. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. This they did.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. Again they revised. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. Their energy and charm caught me up. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago.

For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. and educational purpose. 1969 and 1980. The herb garden designs alone. A range of essential factors is considered herein. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. rather. while others were prepared by landscape designers. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. English thyme. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. We. Some of these were created by landscape architects. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. although countless common names exist. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. historical interest. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. degree of maintenance required. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. specialty. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. the authors.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. former generic names. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. . Not all plants used are herbs. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. without accompanying commentary. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. by their owners. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. Italics are always used for botanical names. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Likewise. To achieve this. or by contributors. governed the style of our lists of botanical names." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. and these are capitalizedfor example. we completed a test garden. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty.

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and the horticulturist. Susan Frugé. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. which made possible the completion of our text. Betty Rea. Lee Buss. Nell Neff. have also been of assistance. Wanda Ritchie. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Rady. Alice Skelsey. Swanson and Robert B. as expediter and typist. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Richard T. always encouraging us to stay with our project. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. president. Trudi Bela. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . and Elizabeth Bryce. and Rexford Talbert. Eleanor Gambee. FAITH H. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Finally. has been especially helpful over the years. and August Frugé. Keebler and the late Everest P. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Recognition is due Robert B. Special thanks are due James C. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. and Joanna Reed. has given us valuable information. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. former managing editors. His assistant. M. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Weatherhead. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Derthick..D. Alexander Apanius. Genevieve Jyurovat. Herbert J. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. too. librarian. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. We are grateful to many. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. The late Raymond C. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Jo Lohmolder. She has served. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Isaacson. A lecturer on herbs. past presidents. former director of same.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

and decisions must not be left to chance. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. and structures. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. In order to create a fine garden design. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. temples of worship. As one constantly reinforces the other. not at all difficult to maintain. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. the north point will have been indicated. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. "Not difficult to plan. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. to increase the value of the property." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. Its interest is independent of flowers. new ways of seeing. new plants. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. or an abandoned. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. lay out a plan of the property. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. As Henry Beston reflects. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. fences. a front dooryard. If no ." A good design does not "happen. some of which are evergreen. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. "A garden is the mirror of a mind." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Perennial herbs. and hedges will have been located. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. partially excavated area. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs.

and hedges. fences.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > .

measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. A deed description.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. too. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. and the driveway. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. other significant structures. In the absence of a survey map. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. but with all needed information. The object is to . Other areas may require a smaller scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. too. to locate the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. measure to locate the house. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. such as the one illustrated here. Next. In this example. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Here.

plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. < previous page page_3 next page > . roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. paths. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. lines at an angle. and unusual land features noted. triangleof inexpensive plastic. enclosures. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. and parallel lines. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. shrubs. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. The tools needed for drawing are few. graph paperfor use under tracing paper.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. The smaller the scale. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. driveway.

If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. and hedges of hemlock. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. iron. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. old smokehouse. yew. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . and holly. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. In the designs that follow. garage." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. A toolhouse. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. gazebo. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. With the plan on paper. and stone. bayberry. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. One basic rule is the higher the wall. or summer kitchen is ideal. In the absence of a structure. brick. In some cases. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. greenhouse. However. Upkeep. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

Brick is the all-time favorite material. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. for reinforcing the design. or pressure-treated lumber. such as bayberry. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. When used with a hedge. railroad ties. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. for example. gray surfaces are found. too. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. Generally. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. used for dry wall or masonry construction. Allow adequate room within the row. some deciduous and some evergreen. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. If desired.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. holly. cut stones. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Rosemary. Lower cost is an advantage. elegant box. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. Gates are part of the enclosure. but the results will confirm this course. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. deeply evergreen. or. they can be made to order. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. whether it will be rocks. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. yew. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. box. In some climates. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. if wood is the material of choice. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. If used. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Equally important is proportion. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Stone. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Where air circulation is much needed. . a temporary garden that may be changed later. Styles are legion. painted. it will seem too sparsely planted. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Whatever the reason. as an example. as in outdoor room dividers. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Stained. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. or natural. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. the garden design is most attractive. For example. bricks. At first. When this reinforcement is understated. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. and rosemary. and their styles are countless. annual painting is a necessity. however. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. landscape timbers. so give them much thought.

If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. there is a necessary. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . the steps created will be forever an annoyance. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser.Steps When constructing steps. Conversely.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Choose the path material equally for comfort. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. or red. rosy pink. and maintenance. Step materials need not be the same as. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. The colors are various: terracotta. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. for example. appearance. There are. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. If groups are walking through. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. making the design more evident. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. but should be compatible with. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Access paths. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Paths must be ample. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. their use no less than comfortable. A width of four feet allows room for turning. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. cost. . the greater the tread. however. too. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. because they are just that.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .

lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. and many good references are available. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. is an enjoyable experience.) To avoid having a slippery surface. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. shrubs. They are easily renewed as they break down. a result being hazardous footing. too. This. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. serviceberry. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. they should not shade the herbs too much. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. a soft-lead pencil in hand. With these recommendations in mind. or trees to be considered. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. shad Malus coronaria. prepare a planting plan for each. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. If the garden is made up of separate beds. bark or pine needles can be used. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . When they mature.

prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Do use a soft-lead pencil. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Often this center of interest is a sundial. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . for example. however. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. a focal point is customarily used. lemon thyme. Sept. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. 'Mount Hood daff. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. such as the one illustrated here. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. one-half inch equals one foot. too. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. It needs. for example. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Artifacts As with other gardens. or whatever is best in your case. it is easily read and easily erased. whether they are invasive or tall growing. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. noting well their growth habits. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity.

It is then in scale with its frame. the height of a fence to the house. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. If a statue less than life-size is used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. < previous page page_9 next page > . and a good sense of proportion is achieved.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. Again. a niche of its own should be created.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. However. For easy reference. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . with one basic rule always needing to be observed. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. Except for two. the designs have a decorative north point.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. that of good proportion. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a stylized drawing of an ovary.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

22. 1. Lavenders accent the front corners. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.L. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. 21. The rules of symmetry are observed. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm . which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. lovage 17. which is used here in relation to a garage. 5.Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architect. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 26. 6. sativa. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Pelargonium graveolens. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. With color and texture considered for contrast. or other structure. a fence. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.A.Lobularia maritima. dill cerasiforme. arcticus 27. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Origanum majorana. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Lavandula savory angustifolia.Poterium sanguisorba. summer 23.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.S. 7.Satureja montana. fennel 2. bee balm 13. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. A. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 4.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. sweet 25. 3.Galium odoratum. 16. Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja hortensis. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Ocimum basilicum. The first number in each planting area is the key number. rose 24.Viola tricolor.Allium 11. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. lemon 15. 14. salad burnet 12.

white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .8. costmary 'Albus'.Porrum Group. Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20. 19. chive 18. leek 9. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis. curly parsley 10. Greek 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Origanum heracleoticum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Chrysanthemum balsamita.

Allium schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Aloysia triphylla. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. curly parsley sativa.Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. 1. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Pelargonium graveolens. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. bush basil 3. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Petroselinum crispum var. 12. lemon verbena 21.Artemisia dracunculus var. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. 17. 9.Monarda didyma.Satureja hortensis. summer 10.Pelargonium tomentosum. white 20.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Foeniculum vulgare. 18. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. as was done here. perhaps overgrown with weeds. rose 19. . fennel English lavender geranium 4. French tarragon 2. 11.Poterium sanguisorba. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. 13.

14.salad burnet 6. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Rosa eglanteria.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Galium odoratum.Heliotropium arborescens. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 16. eglantine 23. English'. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Thymus × citriodorus. English thyme dill 8.

. spearmint 16. The number in each planting area is the key number. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. making the beds larger and the paths wider. 1. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Petroselinum crispum. salad burnet 14. however. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. The garden is conveniently located. 7.Chionanthus virginicus.S.Levisticum officinale. garden sage 8. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. Even in limited space.Salvia officinalis. Then the design might need to be expanded. lovage 15. however. parsley 5. A. Japanese yew 17. Origanum majorana. sweet marjoram 3.Taxus cuspidata. sativa. and the plan could be used at a front door. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. lemon thyme 10. Origanum heracleoticum. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Mentha spicata. 13. summer savory 11.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. dill 2. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.A. English thyme Greek oregano 4. 9. still observing a scale.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium schoenoprasum.L.

nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus. sweet basil chive 12.6.

blue lungwort 26. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Polemonium reptans. 18. lavender marjoram 2. the challenge is obvious. The number in each planting area is the key number.Osmunda cinnamomea. summer 21. 7. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 31. fennel 19.Pulmonaria officinalis. hop sativa. garden sage 17. cinnamon fern 4. Dictamnus albus. Landscape Architect.A. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Jacob's-ladder 3.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. yellow 29.Stachys byzantina. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Primula vulgaris. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Digitalis grandiflora. 25.Humulus lupulus. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 33. The long. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Origanum majorana. 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. A.Polystichum acrostichoides. wild ginger 27. bee balm 14. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. leek Foeniculum vulgare. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. salad 20. fraxinella 15.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 13. lemon thyme 28.Asarum canadense. 8. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. Viola odorata. This is an intimate garden. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.S. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. sweet violet 16.Allium ampeloprasum. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Christmas fern 5. Monarda didyma. 30. 9. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Thymus × citriodorus. 6.L. 32.Convallaria majalis.

Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. French thyme woodruff koreana.Galium odoratum. crispum. French'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.savory germander Willmott'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. sweet 34.Petroselinum crispum var. Canada hemlock Standard'.Galium verum. winter savory 24. 35. yellow bedstraw 23.Satureja montana.lilac 10. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Sorbus americana.Buxus microphylla var.Korean box 11.Tsuga canadensis.

1. To be placed near the kitchen.Aloysia triphylla. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. this design can be an inspiration. dill 10." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Origanum heracleoticum. lemon verbena 2.Petroselinum crispum var. it became part of the patio. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. It is a pleasing. geometric design.Rumex scutatus. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Salvia officinalis. Surprisingly. devoted to a "yearly surprise. Italian parsley . Even so. garden sage 20. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. 19. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. One of the beds. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. neapolitanum.

3. sweet 14. lemon basil 9. winter savory 24. basil sativa. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . Alpine strawberry 7.Allium schoenoprasum. salad 15. crispum. garlic chive 26.Satureja montana. 16.Anthriscus cerefolium.Satureja hortensis.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Melissa officinalis. chervil marjoram 21. English thyme bush basil 8. purple basil 4. French tarragon 5.Artemisia dracunculus var. curly parsley 22.Petroselinum crispum var.Myrrhis odorata.17. sweet 13.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Ocimum basilicum 12. sweet 18.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Allium tuberosum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. summer savory 23.Ocimum basilicum. lemon balm cicely 6. borage 'Purpurascens'.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Borago officinalis. chive 25. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.

geometric design.Galium odoratum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. D. the work paths could be eliminated. As a whole. winter 21.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. so. too. it is full of interesting angles. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Satureja montana. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Pelargonium in variety. scented-leaf geranium 2.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. English lavender 10.Thymus × citriodorus. lamb's-ears 20. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Rosmarinus officinalis. green santolina 12. English thyme lemon thyme 11. 1. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.Lavandula angustifolia.Myrrhis odorata. sweet 13. 19.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. gray . so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. 14.Hyssopus officinalis.C.Stachys byzantina. purple basil 4.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. Created in an orderly way. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. To increase the planting area.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. it is an unusual. The center beds here were established in this way. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Santolina virens. rosemary 3. sweet cicely 23. blue 22.

garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound artemisia 18. American southernwood holly 17. clove pink 7. horehound24.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 25. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Salvia officinalis.6. French thyme santolina 15.Ilex opaca.Artemisia abrotanum. germander 16.Artemisia camphorata. classic myrtle 9.Marrubium vulgare.Myrtus communis.

Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. which adds its impression of warmth. purple basil 3.Calendula officinalis. Galium odoratum. blue hyssop 2. Achillea millefolium. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Thymus praecox subsp. rosemary 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. casts the shadow for the hour. yarrow 12.Chamaemelum .Artemisia dracunculus var. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pot marigold 24. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. lemon balm 22. this herb garden is secluded. Ocimum basilicum.Melissa officinalis. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. too. tansy 25. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Tanacetum vulgare. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. Sometimes space is limited. sweet basil 4. Its arrow points north and. English lavender 6. Coix lacryma-jobi. gray santolina 13.Satureja montana. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. Lavandula angustifolia.Rosmarinus officinalis. absinthe 26. This center of interest is of particular note. borage 23.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. French tarragon 14.Borago officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. sativa. sweet woodruff 5. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. winter savory 16.Artemisia absinthium. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Job's tears 11. arcticus 21.

Carya illinoinensis. garden sage 19.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia elegans.Chrysanthemum balsamita. chamomile 17.Syringa. Salvia officinalis. variegated garden sage 8.Symphytum officinale. comfrey20. wild marjoram 28. sweet 29.Origanum majorana. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . pineapplescented sage 9.7. chive 18.Pelargonium in variety. scented-leaf 27. costmary 'Albus'. marjoram pecan 10.Origanum vulgare.

Salvia officinalis. French sorrel 21.Marrubium vulgare.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 18.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 19.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Ruta graveolens. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Allium sativum.Pelargonium graveolens. rue 31. lemon balm 35.Teucrium chamaedrys. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Galium odoratum. parsley 17. 1. sunken into the ground. true ginger16. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 29.Apium graveolens. When controlled in this way. 4.Ipomoea alba. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 8.Pelargonium × limoneum.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. sativa. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. hyssop Meyer lemon . dill 20. for example lemon balm and spearmint. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. purple basil Zingiber officinale. rose geranium 2. 6. blue 23. 9.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja hortensis. 30. sweet 34. 5. chervil 15. garlic Levisticum officinale. 7. summer 32. 36. horehound 33. 3.Myrrhis odorata. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely 37. The more invasive ones. Anthriscus cerefolium. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. lovage 22. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.

lemon verbena 11. Greek oregano 12.Origanum heracleoticum. salad burnet 25. bush basil 14.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. lemonthyme 28.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus × citriodorus.Magnolia virginiana.Poterium sanguisorba. Japanese yew 39.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Tropaeolum minus.10. French thyme 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Aloysia triphylla. English thyme 26. sweet basil 38. dwarf nasturtium 13. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . spearmint 27.

< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. < previous page page_22 next page > . this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. "Simplify. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. however. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. but. whatever the reason. simplify!. a quick way to ensure good drainage. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

Rosmarinus officinalis. 12.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis. spearmint 21.Thymus praecox subsp. summer basil savory 7. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Origanum majorana. bell pepper 6. sweet 25.Impatiens capensis.Lactuca sativa. lettuce 10. bee balm 19. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. dill 13. balm sativa.Petroselinum crispum.Artemisia absinthium. 18. rue 20.Satureja hortensis. garden sage 3. aloe Grossum Group. 14. spicebush absinthe French'. lemon 22.Salvia officinalis. arcticus.Tanacetum vulgare. 26. 16.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet 17. French tarragon 5.Ruta graveolens.Aloe barbadensis.Mentha x piperita. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Mentha spicata.Allium schoenoprasum. tansy 11.Anethum graveolens. 1. jewelweed24.Capsicum frutescens. sweet 15.The number in each planting area is the key number. parsley 2.Lindera benzoin.Artemisia dracunculus var. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Allium fistulosum. peppermint 23.Monarda didyma.Ocimum basilicum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

faced and capped with random. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. horizontally laid bluestone. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. A low wall of brick. germander 7. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. too. encloses this plan.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. .Pelargonium in variety. Russian 13. 8. arcticus 14. Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium chamaedrys. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. Perovskia abrotanoides. 1. French thyme 2. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.

Galium odoratum.Santolina neapolitana 4.Hamamelis virginiana. lemon balm hyssop 12.Hyssopus officinalis. Thymus × citriodorus. lemon thyme 10. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Campsis radicans. crimson creeping thyme 9.angustifolia.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.-John'swort 17. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp. lavender 3. trumpet vine 16. lady's6.Viburnum cassinoides. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. arcticus 'Albus'.Melissa officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. witch hazel 18. blue 11. white creeping thyme 5. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. St.Thymus praecox subsp.

however. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. lilac. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. Germander is a proper edging here. < previous page page_28 next page > . holly.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. It is. However. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. Although this is not a large garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. the shrubsyew. box. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

classic myrtle 15. white creeping thyme 37.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf privet 48.Stachys byzantina. Viola odorata. winter 29.Iris cristata.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. Japanese holly 42. Thymus praecox subsp. 1. cottage pink 2. 12. gray sage savory 14.Cytisus supinus. red creeping thyme 10.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. 23. sweet albula. lilac 45. fraxinella 33. germander 36.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'.Syringa patula. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Dictamnus albus.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. columnal yew 43. Alchemilla vulgaris. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Artemisia frigida. 9.Artemisia camphorata. florentina.Borago officinalis. santolina alpine pink 28. fringed wormwood 16.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. blue horehound hyssop 3. Myrrhis odorata.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. Marrubium vulgare. dwarf box 41. Simkins'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. sweet cicely17.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. 26. Thymus praecox subsp. green 27. prostrate rosemary 13. lady's. alpine strawberry 8.Thymus praecox subsp. orris 38.Comptonia peregrina. Corsican 24.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Salvia leucophylla. rue 6.Santolina pinnata 34. woolly thyme 7. arcticus 'Albus'.Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. Heliotropium arborescens. Japanese holly 47. crimson creeping thyme 31.Iris × germanica var. 21. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Eloise & Jo Ray.20. Japanese yew 44. shrubby cinquefoil 46. sweet violet 19.Myrtus communis.Thymus praecox subsp. mantle chamomile 5.Salvia sclarea.Anemone pulsatilla. 32. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. white hyssop 4.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. dwarf crested iris 39. clary 30.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 18.Satureja montana. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lamb'sears 35. lavender 22.Ruta graveolens. broom 40. Mentha requienii.Santolina virens.

more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. an herb garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. This hedge. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. while adding to the enclosure of the area. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. a running bond pattern.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. a cutting garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. Other paths are brick. The direction a path takes can add interest. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and a vegetable garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings.

A. A. Landscape Architect.L. .S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.

Stachys byzantina. 14. Campanula persicifolia.Magnolia virginiana. clary 46.Helleborus niger. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. blue 27.Salvia sclarea. lamb's-ears 49. statice Solemacher'. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. 50. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. double white peony of-Persia 12. Stokes' aster 31.Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia officinalis. 52.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. 37.Hyssopus officinalis. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Aloysia triphylla. yellow 35. Aquilegia chrysantha.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. candytuft Standard'.Rosa damascena savory crispum. French thyme 7. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. sweet 51.Teucrium chamaedrys. 32.Origanum heracleoticum. Achillea taygetea. 47. bush basil 41.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium in variety. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. pale 28.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. York-andLancaster rose 16. blue iris 9.Allium christophii. germander 39. verbena rose chive 11.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Allium schoenoprasum.Hemerocallis × luteola. winter savory 44.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana. 53. blue hyssop 43. summer 34.Limonium latifolium. lemon 29. 22. green santolina 42.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Lilium candidum. fraxinella 26. Anethum graveolens 23. Dictamnus albus.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Ocimum basilicum 54.Ribes alpinum.Digitalis grandiflora. 55.Polystichum acrostichoides.Galium odoratum. French tarragon 8. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. alpine strawberry 3. garden sage 56.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. dill wishbone flower 5. yellow 24. plantain lily 2. Rosmarinus officinalis. sativa. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Petroselinum crispum var. cottage pink French'. helenium 4.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Satureja montana. Louise'. white 'Bouquet'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. lavender 18.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. Christmas 48. starsMaxima'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 1. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Stokesia laevis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Satureja hortensis.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. lemon thyme 40.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. yellow epimedium 15. sweet marjoram 45.

The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. as in this case. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. < previous page page_32 next page > . The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. While serving as a soil retainer. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. a retaining wall or walls are needed. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden.

Landscape Architect. borage 26. lamb's25. bee balm 24.Viola odorata.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus × citriodorus.Lavandula angustifolia. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.45.Iris pseudacorus. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Allium schoenoprasum. Ocimum basilicum. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. lady's43.Solanum pseudocapsicum. sweet 23. spearmint 41.Iris cristata. Stachys byzantina.Mentha spicata.Galium odoratum.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. 21. F.Aloysia triphylla.Alchemilla vulgaris. 42. The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. lemon 22. .A.R. lemon verbena 46. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. Borago officinalis. crispum. Monarda didyma. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. Melissa officinalis. English 44.A.

mullein chive 47. Proliferum Group. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Nepeta cataria. sweet marjoram 28. 33.Origanum heracleoticum.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium ampeloprasum.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Capsicum frutescens. pink hawthorn 16. savory sativa.Quercus stellata.Artemisia dracunculus var. pineapple38.Salvia officinalis. 40. rosemary 9.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Allium cepa.Salvia elegans. carpet bugleweed 8. garden sage 36. Greek 53. curly mint 30.Dianthus caryophyllus. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. Rosmarinus officinalis. leek 49. curly parsley oak 17.Mentha pulegium. absinthe English thyme 27.Elaeagnus pungens.Petroselinum crispum var.Verbascum thapsus. pennyroyal 54. 56. wild 39.Cassia marilandica.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. flowering dogwood 15. 52. Poterium sanguisorba. southernwood 31. Egyptian onion 11. rue 51. dill 34. summer 32.Artemisia abrotanum.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. 57.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum majorana.Allium sativum. 37. tabasco senna pepper 20.Anethum graveolens.Allium tuberosum.Artemisia absinthium.Chrysanthemum balsamita. catnip 50.Crataegus arkansana.Ruta graveolens.Rosa × rehderana. polyantha rose 12. myrtle 58. garlic chive 48. citrata. horehound neapolitanum.Mentha × piperita var. clove 55.Vinca minor. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Cornus florida. Porrum Group.Satureja hortensis.7. orange mint 29. Ajuga reptans.Marrubium vulgare. salad burnet 10. post crispum 'Banquet'. French tarragon holly 13. fennel 35. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.

inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Although this is a northeast exposure. < previous page page_34 next page > . mothproofing bags. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. However. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. and vinegars. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. sleep pillows. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.

Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pot 28. garden 'Purpurascens'.Monarda didyma.Agastache foeniculum. Hallock'. French gray santolina sorrel 8. orris 17.Salvia elegans.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. nutmeg geranium 39.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. Artemisia pontica. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. anise hyssop 14.Allium pulchellum 47.Tanacetum vulgare. dwarf savory garden sage 13. garden sage 2. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Melissa officinalis. rue 26. 50. lemon 31.Rumex scutatus.Thuja occidentalis.Hyssopus officinalis .The number in each planting area is the key number. daylily in variety 41. 1.Allium sphaerocephalum. French tarragon 10.Tropaeolum minus. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . lemon verbena 36.Ocimum basilicum 27.Galium odoratum. Thymus × citriodorus. sativa. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. costmary 5. lemon 18.Allium schoenoprasum. crispum. 24.Alchemilla vulgaris.Pelargonium tomentosum. burnet lovage 6. Roman 20.Levisticum officinale. Proliferum Group. 21. bee balm 30.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. chive 43. lavender 7.Iris × germanica var. florentina.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium fragrans. Ruta graveolens. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Allium moly. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. round-headed garlic 46. 19.Hemerocallis. bay 48. salad 22. lettuce in variety 25.Allium cepa. winter 29.Allium sativum var.Laurus nobilis. 'Monge'.Salvia officinalis. Egyptian onion 42. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. tansy 16.Salvia oficinalis. lily leek 44. Lactuca.Valeriana officinalis. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'President Poincare'. peppermint geranium 40. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Satureja montana. lilac 32. balm valerian 15. 49. southernwood 9. blue hyssop 35.Artemisia abrotanum. Poterium sanguisorba.Calendula officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf nasturtium 37. 23.Artemisia dracunculus var. purple basil sage 11.Aloysia triphylla.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. Petroselinum crispum var.Tsuga canadensis.

The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. < previous page page_36 next page > . shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. Invasive. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. is the focus of the middle level.

pineapple mint 22. houseleek 45. Valeriana officinalis. valerian 5. summer savory 43.Armeria maritima. horehound 46.Salvia elegans. pineapplescented sage 47. white thrift 24. fennel 25.Artemisia dracunculus var. bee balm 26. 1. salad burnet 23. Digitalis purpurea.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Satureja hortensis. Satureja montana 'Nana'. dwarf winter savory 2. golden thyme .Sempervivum tectorum. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Poterium sanguisorba.Marrubium vulgare. sativa. foxglove 4.Monarda didyma. thyme 3.Foeniculum vulgare. French tarragon 44.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.

garden 42. sweet 37.Symphytum officinale.Lilium candidum. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Galium verum. absinthe 53. blue hyssop 57.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. 54.Ruta graveolens.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. English 52.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Origanum majorana. viper's 34. marigold chive 15.Anemone pulsatilla. Salvia sclarea. pink 62.Galium odoratum.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Agrimonia eupatoria. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Crocus sativus.Eranthis hyemalis. feverfew climbing rose 16.Allium schoenoprasum. 33. 39. skirret 60. pot 35.Laurus nobilis. rosemary 28. French'. white creeping thyme aconite 14. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Levisticum officinale.Sium sisarum. clary 48. sweet 50. arcticus 55. sweet basil sage 27. germander 56. lavender Christmas rose 11. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Helleborus niger. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Calendula officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. 30. Angelica archangelica. Madonna cicely lily 12.Rosa eglanteria. 61. Dictamnus albus.Hyssopus officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.Ocimum basilicum.Rosa chinensis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Echium vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. pink 59.6. white 58. parthenium. Isatis tinctoria. angelica Lenten rose 10. rue 31. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. yellow 41. dyer's woad 7.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. China rose comfrey 19.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. fraxinella 8.Salvia viridis.Salvia officinalis. annual clary 51.Myrrhis odorata.Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 32.Chrysanthemum 36. dwarf edging box 21.Helleborus orientalis. 40. 38.Artemisia absinthium.

Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. However. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. and the shagbark hickory.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. even though space is limited. < previous page page_38 next page > . may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Carya ovata. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. There is variety in this plan. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting.

Paxton. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.

fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. French Galium odoratum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. red mint . lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. lamb's. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. box Buxus sempervirens. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive Ilex opaca. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. Poterium sanguisorba. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. box Carya ovata. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Adiantum pedatum.Arisaema triphyllum. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. sweet basil Satureja montana. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. Artemisia absinthium. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. green santolina Primula veris. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. Asarum canadense. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. box Ruta graveolens. germander Agastache foeniculum. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. flax Buxus sempervirens. rue Cornusflorida. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. Aloysia triphylla. borage Petroselinum crispum.Galium verum. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. citrata. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. sativa. Marrubium vulgare. valerian Rosa damascena. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. angelica Mondarda didyma. Canada Isatis tinctoria. stewardsonii.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. A singular statue of St. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. For this appearance. unplanned look was desired. too. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. < previous page page_40 next page > . An informal. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. is on a sandy knoll. However. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. it is open on the side facing the house. A clump of birch here. a dipping pool there.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. this excavation. first intended for the construction of a cottage. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

68.Satureja montana.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis.Thymus herba-barona. Johnny-jump-up54. fern-leaf tansy 23. marsh 42. rose geranium 10.Petroselinum crispum. white birch English lavender parthenium. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. creeping juniper 26. 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. winter savory 20. sea onion angelica 24.Ajuga reptans. spearmint 45. 67.Pulmonaria officinalis. 63. 34.Origanum majorana.Vinca minor. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. pineapple3.Glechoma hederacea. 79. 69.Anethum graveolens.Pelargonium quercifolium. 64. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Pelargonium odoratissimum. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. 12.Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum. peppermint 47.Salvia officinalis. 31. horehound mallow foxglove 16. 70.Hyssopus officinalis.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. feverfew 27. lemon balm 44.Chelidonium majus. 75. 59.Stachys byzantina. 1. 52. mint 50. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Marrubium vulgare. 58.Mentha × gentilis.Valeriana officinalis. orange geranium 11.Salvia elegans. 77. pennyroyal 46.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Nepeta cataria.Betula papyrifera. 53. rue 29.Poterium sanguisorba. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. lemon 35.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. sweet 71. 76.Teucrium canadense.Consolida orientalis. 60. myrtle 14. 72. 36. 74.Monarda fistulosa.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Artemisia abrotanum. celandine cicely 18.Rosa 'Merry England'.Monarda didyma. 78.Anthriscus cerefolium. lamb's-ears parsley 19. catnip 73.Myrrhis odorata.Santolina florentina. 38.Origanum onites. gray scented sage santolina 4.Lavandula angustifolia. Sempervivum tectorum. 30. chive crispum. wild 51.Mentha suaveolens. blue 2.Pelargonium crispum.Allium favum lovage 22.Achillea tomentosa.Pelargonium denticulatum.Chrysanthemum 80. garden sage lungwort 57.Mentha pulegium.Satureja hortensis.Coriandrum sativum.Thymus praecox subsp.Origanum vulgare. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. bee balm . Iris × germanica var.Pelargonium graveolens. Ruta graveolens. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. woolly thyme 13.Viola tricolor.Armeria maritima. pot 66. thrift55. wild 43.Digitalis purpurea. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Tanacetum vulgare var. 32.Convallaria majalis. Thymus praecox subsp. Artemisia dracunculusvar.The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Digitalis grandiflora. purple basil 9. 33. rose bergamot valerian 25. French'.Levisticum officinale. red mint 48.Urginea maritima. 65.Althaea officinalis. orris chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium tomentosum.Mentha spicata. apple mint 49. 61.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. golden 37. 8. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. Thymus × citriodorus.

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the accents of the six large box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the same as the smokehouse construction. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. and the two small trees. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. They are clustered around the smokehouse. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. making it more a part of the herb garden. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Foundation stone. Because of the edging box. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. < previous page page_42 next page > . is used for the wall.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.

.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.A.S. Landscape Architect.L.

horned English lavender mantle violet 7. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. European ginger 4. Satureja hortensis.Viola tricolor.Fritillaria imperialis.Mentha spicata.Tanacetum vulgare var.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum 30.Melissa officinalis. 'Purpurascens'. lemon basil 15.Aloysia triphylla.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. balsamita. 21. 22. sweet marjoram 2.Allium giganteum.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Mentha × piperita var. lovage 46. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Rosmarinus officinalis. 39.Prunus domestica. spearmint 48. lemon 34. 47. 41. Corsican 33. Dictamnus albus. box 'Citriodorum'. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Mentha requienii. winter 42.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. summer 25.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. fringed 43. Origanum majorana. 35. lady's. sweet 37. blue angelica lungwort 20.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 27.The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia frigida.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. Lavandula angustifolia. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . sweet cicely45. balm citrata. white 23. Pelargonium graveolens.Ocimum basilicum. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Mentha × piperita.Crocus.Artemisia abrotanum. Asarum europaeum. species in variety crispum.Galium odoratum. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Chrysanthemum 28. 40.Pulmonaria officinalis.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. lemon 36.Lilium candidum.Alchemilla vulgaris. English 'Minimum'.Myrrhis odorata.Buxus sempervirens. verbena English thyme 5. 1. chive comfrey curly mint 8. Ocimum basilicum 24. purple basil sativa.Angelica archangelica. fraxinella 17.Allium schoenoprasum. rosemary 3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dwarf edging box 14. orange mint 19. bee balm 29. 44. Symphytum officinale.38. 31. pineapple mint 18.Ocimum basilicum 32. sweet 26.Crataegus laevigata.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia dracunculus var.

the dwarf box edging. This hedge. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. a soil retainer. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. pink of Dianthus. This is true also of the stone curbing. The dipping bowl. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Instead. < previous page page_44 next page > . Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Lowgrowing.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. two specimen shrubs. although it is ample at four feet. too. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space.

L.S. . A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.A.

dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . 61. 58. clary 32.Thymus praecox subsp.Narcissus triandrus var. 54. 45. spearmint 48. orange mint 8.Aloysia triphylla. angel's-tears 59.Santolina virens.Galium odoratum.Levisticum officinale. 46. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Crocus angustifolius. sweet 55. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. catmint 35. 52. arcticus 34. American 38. lemon 60.Sternbergia lutea. 51.Satureja montana. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Cimicifuga racemosa. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Anemone blanda.Thymus herba-barona. Stachys byzantina. tulip citrata. caraway thyme albus. thyme 29.Mentha × piperita var.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Narcissus asturiensis.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. sweet 27.Teucrium canadense. 36.Convallaria majalis.Crocus kotschyanus. borage 31. lemon 33. Thymus doerfleri.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus tomasinianus.Borago officinalis.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Hamamelis virginiana.Nepeta mussinii. lily. 53. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. rue25. 17. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 26. 20.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Leucojum aestivum. 44. 56. arcticus 30. angustifolia 'Nana'.Crocus speciosus. 40. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. 50. green santolina 37. gray 22. golden thyme41.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. marjoram crocus 7. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Pelargonium in variety.Mertensia virginica. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Mentha × piperita.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.57. white 42. 'Lanuginosus'. Salvia officinalis. Madonna 63. Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Heliotropium arborescens. Compactus'. 1.Angelica archangelica. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. black cohosh windflower 15.Galanthus nivalis.Thymus × citriodorus. Spanish bluebell 16. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. lamb's-ears 28. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 2. sweet 47.Allium christophii. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. 49. 43.Ocimum basilicum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Mentha spicata. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helleborus lividus subsp.Lilium candidum. winter savory 39.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Tulipa clusiana. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Dicentra spectabilis.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. verbena snowflake 19.Helleborus niger.Salvia sclarea.Digitalis grandiflora. prostrate rosemary 18.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Myrica pensylvanica. Origanum majorana.

Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Morning sun warms it early. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Second. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. The results have been most satisfying. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. First. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. very livable and profoundly satisfying. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.

1. Origanum heracleoticum. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. leek 46.Salvia sclarea. absinthe sativa. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme 3.Salvia officinalis. 'Lambrook Silver'. Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus × citriodorus. Artemisia absinthium 24. marigold 41. French tarragon 5.A. Landscape Architect. lemon 21. Porrum Group.Allium neapolitanum.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Artemisia lactiflora. . The number in each planting area is the key number.Apium graveolens.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Ocimum basilicum. tulip 45. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. Beauty'. wild celery 42.L.Tulipa tarda. 25. 26. garden sage 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. English thyme 43. clary thyme 22.Allium ampeloprasum.S.Crocus sieberi. sweet basil 23. A. crocus 44.

pale 49. blue 38. butterfly 47. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . lovage 34.Ipomoea alba.Lobelia siphilitica.Ribes sativum.Dianthus × allwoodii. pink 30.Viburnum plicatum Snow'.Clematis 'Mrs.Nepeta × faassenii.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Stachys byzantina.Origanum majorana. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Artemisia camphorata.Ilex opaca. alpine 28. curly parsley 20. Robert verbena Brydon'. weed chive 48. fraxinella 36.Santolina virens.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. sweet 37.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. 58. lobelia Sherbert'.Dictamnus albus. great 31.foxglove 7. American elderberry 15. Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Aloysia triphylla.Allium senescens var.Rosmarinus officinalis. American marjoram Yellow'.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. yellow 55. clematis 11. catmint 53. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. green 40.Malus hupehensis.Aconitum napellus.Cornus florida. 39. 54. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Petroselinum crispum var.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Achillea filipendula 60.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Levisticum officinale. 29. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Allium schoenoprasum. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. lamb's-ears 52. 8. white evergreen azalea 16. dogwood 19.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Tropaeolum minus.Digitalis grandiflora. 56. viola holly 18.Galium mollugo.Asclepias tuberosa. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Hyssopus officinalis. 32. red currant gray santolina 13.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. Viola odorata. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. monkshood upright yew 17. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. lemon 50.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

an impression of Sol in it. Well-drained as they are. repeats again the octagonal form. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. The four herb beds. A birdbath of copper. even though the growing area is not extensive. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. are raised with bricks on edge. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

lavender pine geranium chive 13.Lavandula angustifolia. 19.Marrubium vulgare. sweet woodruff 9.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 16. purple basil 24. golden variegated garden sage 38. Semple.Mentha × piperita. prostrate rosemary 34.Petroselinum crispum var. 43. angustifolia. clary 21. variegated garden sage 37.Aloysia triphylla. sativa.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Lavandula dentata. 1. rue 35. Artemisia absinthium.Ocimum basilicum. 28. French tarragon 7.Pelargonium denticulatum. Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dill 18. lemon 30.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium tomentosum. English thyme horehound 2.Pelargonium graveolens. Artemisia abrotanum. Anethum graveolens. 29. lamb's-ears 17. Galium odoratum. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. silver mound artemisia 8. spearmint southernwood 5. French 26. curly mint 3.Ruta graveolens. Artemisia dracunculus var.Joan E.Santolina 25.Thymus × citriodorus. 27. peppermint 4.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Salvia officinalis. rosemary 33. heliotrope 31.Pelargonium odoratissimum. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Salvia sclarea. crispum.Nepeta mussinii. lavender 15.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 42. curly parsley 32. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. bush basil 23.Heliotropium arborescens. catmint 6. lemon 41.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. lemon 39. orange santolina geranium 11.Poterium sanguisorba. white creeping thyme 12. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. absinthe 20.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium tuberosum. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium crispum. clove pink 10. thyme salad burnet 40. sweet basil 22. purple variegated garden sage 36. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.

too. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. a toolhouse. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. lemon verbena. rose. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. and lantana are a few. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. if neither is available.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. A birdbath may replace the pool. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. A suitable fence. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. < previous page page_52 next page > . rose geranium. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Santolina virens. verbena ambrosia 4. lemon thyme 20.Origanum majorana. 1. fern-leaf tansy 8. woolly thyme 15. lemon 10. arcticus 'Albus'. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. crispum. geranium 16. Landscape Architect. absinthe 'Minimum'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .L.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Chamaemelum nobile.Aloysia triphylla.S.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina chamomile 14.Pelargonium frutetorum.Chenopodium botrys. 9. 7. zonal geranium 19. green 12.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. zonal geranium 18. The number in each planting area is the key number. 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. A.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Thymus × citriodorus.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosmarinus officinalis. white creeping thyme 2. heliotrope 21. rosescented geranium 17. bush basil 5. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 3.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.A.Artemisia absinthium 11. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus praecox subsp.

At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. artemisias. The dwarf box frames the focal point. As the snows melt. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. a sundial. apothecary's rose. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. These can easily obliterate a design. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. Hyssop hedges define the circles. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. but the design itself has endured forty years. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. the design is clearly traced. box. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . mints. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. a deep mauve to others. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Box and holly enclose it all. Angelica. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

piney 44.Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Galium odoratum. skirret 53.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. lady's-mantle 46.Asclepias tuberosa.63.Foeniculum vulgare. pot bergamot marjoram 7. Santolina virens.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Taxus.Helleborus orientalis.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. French thyme Madonna lily 16. dyer's woad 9. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Paeonia officinalis. 26.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Lamium album.Sempervivum tectorum. arcticus 38.Teucrium chamaedrys. rue 23. 62.James D. butterfly weed35. germander 43.Artemisia absinthium.Alchemilla vulgaris. lamb's-ears 33. green santolina 24. southernwood 2. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. 58.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. Chamaemelum nobile. 48. wild 52. garden sage Christmas rose 10. dwarf edging box 21.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Hyssopus officinalis. rosemary 25. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Reseda luteola. Satureja montana.Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum onites. 1. gray 37. sweet 27. blue hyssop 42. winter savory 32. nasturtium 28.Stachys byzantina.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Valeriana officinalis.Syringa.Symphytum officinale. scented.Isatis tinctoria.Buxus sempervirens. masterwort 69. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. absinthe 34.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. crimson creeping thyme 18.Vitis.Sium sisarum. alpine 60.Asarum europaeum. 55. leaf geranium French lavender 8. daffodil 17.Armeria maritima. 56. marjoram lungwort crispum. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Lavandula dentata. 67. white creeping thyme French'.Iris × germanica var. feverfew 14. thrift 41.Lilium candidum. Dianthus caryophyllus. sweet woodruff45.Artemisia camphorata.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Santolina neapolitana 36. white dead 49.Helleborus niger.Pyrus communis. 59. Origanum majorana.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla alpina. valerian 6. yew Beauty'. sweet European ginger cicely 3. white 66. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. Tropaeolum majus. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Perillafrutescens. blue 50. Pelargonium in variety. clove pink 29. 65. florentina.30.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. green.Thymus praecox subsp. weld 54. fern-leaf tansy 5.47. lilac 70. bronze 64. perilla 51. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Sedum telephium. 'Albus'. orris 57.Myrrhis odorata. chamomile 31.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. arcticus 39. arcticus 40.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. houseleek Lenten rose 11. grape fennel 19. orris box 22.Monarda fistulosa. Graham.Arisaema dracontium.Astrantia major.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Canadian burnet 13.Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare var.

with buds of red. Rosa 'Albertine'. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. They are small specialty beds. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. include this one. At the top of the steps. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. < previous page page_56 next page > .< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. However. If there is room for only one rambler rose. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. The brick edging around each bed is a help. In addition to the brick edging around each. The large." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. rising from the courtyard. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. pink. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard.

Borago officinalis.Rheum rhabarbarum. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. Lavandula angustifolia. lavender 4.Melissa officinalis.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. winter savory 41. alpine strawberry 3.Thymus × citriodorus. 1.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Angelica archangelica. bush basil 43. subsp. garden sage 40. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Carum carvi.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. rhubarb 2. caraway 24. tansy Bois'. angelica 20. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 23. foxglove 39.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 22.Satureja montana.Tanacetum vulgare. lemon balm 42. English thyme .

garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . musk rose 12. muscosa 15. prostrate rosemary 16.Chrysanthemum 46.Chenopodium 55.Poterium sanguisorba. pot 50.'Baronne Prevost'. bourbon rose 10. silver 27.R.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Anethum graveolens 47. curly parsley 26. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. 35.Dianthus Victoria'. centifolia 'Cristata'. Pelargonium graveolens. thyme frutescens.Pelargonium.Tagetes filifolia. 31.'Albertine'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.R. lemon 51.R. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Chrysanthemum.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.R.Calendula officinalis. salad 7. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.Aloysia triphylla. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Petroselinum crispum var.Mentha × piperita var. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. sweet 37. cheddar pink 53.Lavandula dentata.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. Mexican tea 18. 29. blue hyssop 25. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. 36. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. 49.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. rose 28. centifolia.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. geranium in 30. citrata.R.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Salvia elegans. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. clove pink Mammoth'. French 33.sativa. 56.Laurus nobilis. var. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Marrubium vulgare. Hyssopus officinalis.R.Teucrium chamaedrys. Irish-lace 48.Satureja hortensis. Consolida ambigua.Origanum majorana. French'. pineapple34. Thymus 'Argenteus'. marguerite chive 9. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. centifolia var. 45. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.6.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Allium schoenoprasum.R. 54.R.

Balance is augmented. < previous page page_58 next page > . Laid in an unusual pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. It is near the house. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. as it should be. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. too.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Allium schoenoprasum.L.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. 17.A. 19. lavender 2.Origanum majorana.Santolina chamaecyparissus.S. English thyme signet marigold 11. Rosmarinus officinalis.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. green 22. sweet basil 14. 1. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . heliotrope 3.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. santolina moss rose 7.Santolina virens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. dwarf edging box 8. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. arcticus 'Albus'. gray 15.Heliotropium arborescens. white creeping thyme 4.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 21.Myosotis sylvatica. 24. 20. angustifolia 'Munstead'. The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary yellow viola 10.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Lucile Teeter Kissack. A. chive lemon verbena 6. 16. double white peony 5.Salvia officinalis. 23.Aloysia triphylla.Satureja hortensis. blue hyssop 13. English'.Anethum graveolens.Ocimum basilicum.Hyssopus officinalis. dill 9.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Poterium sanguisorba. Landscape Architect.

and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The grape vines. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. Herbs. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. the fence with roses. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. and a comfortable. potted lemon verbena. too. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. < previous page page_60 next page > . The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. winter pruned. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and the grape arbor.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lemon Linum perenne. three. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. sweet climbing rose. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Galium odoratum. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Stachys byzantina. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica.Connecticut Vera Breed. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. BED II germander BED IV 2. Althaea officinalis. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Iris cristata. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Aloysia triphylla. conical yew rosemary 1. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Teucrium chamaedrys. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Nepeta mussinii. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. marsh climbing rose. Valeriana officinalis. 3. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. purple variegated garden sage 4. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'.Amsonia tabernaemontana. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.

Chamaemelum nobile. Delphinium × belladonna. Rosmarinus officinalis.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. lemon Anemone hybrida. houseleek in variety 7. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. tuberosa 6. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Thymus. fairy rose Giant'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Lavandula angustifolia subsp. creeping thyme in variety 8. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 9. beach Marrubium vulgare. plume Baptisia australis. catmint 5. Thymus × citriodorus. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Sempervivum. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. lavender 10. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'.

The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Another angle could be tried with these. planted in bands across these beds. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. and bright green in the herb beds. Ivy. Either it flourished too well. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. grew too large. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Later. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. magnolia. tend to broaden the width of the garden. blue green. its detail is shown below. holly. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Herbs. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . myrtle. if desired. this was replaced with ''edging" box. silver.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare. dwarf edging box 11. Stachys byzantina. Tropaeolum minus. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. horehound germander 17. English'.Lavandula angustifolia. borage 26. dwarf 21.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium × nervosum.Levisticum officinale.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp. Ruta graveolens.Rumex scutatus.Thymus 'Argenteus'. thyme 37. English ivy burnet 10. bush basil albula. English thyme chamomile 2.Pelargonium fragrans. lamb's. 28. rue 20.Thymus praecox subsp.Vinca minor. American holly 31. bayberry balm thyme 13. 49.Pelargonium graveolens.Magnolia grandiflora. 'Minimum'. silver-king artemisia 23.Myrica pensylvanica. winter 'Purpurascens'. lime geranium 4.Laurus nobilis. woolly thyme 8. box chamaecyparissus. Ocimum basilicum 22.Thymus doerfleri. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. tansy 45.Mentha spicata.Thymus herba-barona. purple garden sage 7. 44. 33. French 27. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. ears rose geranium 3. salad 43.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.19.Satureja montana. purple basil savory 35.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Chamaemelum nobile. bay rosemary 12. Ocimum basilicum 24. myrtle 47. 6.Ilex opaca.Hedera helix.Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. bee balm30. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. French thyme 39.Mentha suaveolens.Monarda didyma. white creeping thyme 41. thyme 38.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. sweet 34.Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 29. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . 25. lemon 46.Poterium sanguisorba. caraway thyme 40. lovage 48. gray santolina 15.Melissa officinalis. Borago officinalis. spearmint 42.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. sweet woodruff 36.Buxus sempervirens 14.Thymus carnosus. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. 1.

a maypole of cherry tomatoes. brick. and treessome of which are espaliered. Laurus nobilis. There is variety in the walks. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. The four potted bay. potted shrubs.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. adding to the space for walking. accent this prime focal point even more. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. It is located for the best viewing. too. The use of flagstone. < previous page page_64 next page > . Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. maypoles. It is a large garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. standards. too. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here.

26. lemon 29. fragrans. pot 52. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. apple English thyme up geranium 3.P.quercifolium. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. Thymus × citriodorus.P.Nigella damascena.P. 49. Satureja montana.Chrysanthemum balsamita.P. musty oakscented geranium 5.53.Chenopodium botrys.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . 51.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. winter 27. 25.50.Calendula officinalis. Johnny-jump. love-in. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. wild 28.Viola tricolor. 1.odoratissimum.P.acerifolium.

lemon southernwood geranium 34.P.Tanacetum vulgare var.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia caerulea.Forsythia.× nervosum.Viola odorata.Artemisia dracunculus var. 41.P.Petroselinum crispum.Malus.P. French tarragon Rose'. Chamaemelum nobile.P.Origanum dictamnus. golden lemon thyme 7.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Salvia officinalis. wild thyme 31.Thymus praecox subsp. graveolens.Pelargonium crispum.Aloysia triphylla. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . forsythia 'Albus'. crowfoot 70. peppermint 67.Laurus nobilis. radens. chamomile 8.P. fern-leaf 'Nana'. English lavender 32. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. strawberry 48. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Myrtus communis.Monarda didyma. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Acorus calamus.Fragaria vesca.Levisticum officinale. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. rosemary 9. sweet flag 16. Hyssopus officinalis. pheasant's.P. orange geranium 23. radens 'Dr. bay 20.Artemisia abrotanum.Lavandula angustifolia. pine crispum. denticulatum 11.Poncirus trifoliata. 44. 64. crispum 'Minor'. arcticus43.Mentha. lemon 47. salad 42.Achilleafilipendula. glutinosum.72. parsley 35.P.6. classic 21.P.P.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Thymus serpyllum. lime geranium 55. lettuce 40. 71.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm 45. white sweet yarrow violet 13. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Anethum graveolens. lemon 65. Rosmarinus officinalis. 61. box 19.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. bee balm 63. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Poterium sanguisorba. camphor-scented geranium 69.P. lemon-rose geranium 22. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. fern-leaf 60. 57. tomentosum.Foeniculum vulgare. denticulatum. horehound 46.Allium senescens var. lemon geranium 56. crispum. cherry tomato chive 17.P.Mentha pulegium. rose geranium66. sweet 37. garden sage 54. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Allium schoenoprasum. 58. blue hyssop 10.P. lettuce 39. dill 36. 62. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. bronze 38.Malus angustifolia.P.Livingston'. lemon geranium 33. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Origanum majorana.

< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. In keeping with this feeling. too. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. green santolina. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. and Allium karataviense. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. < previous page page_66 next page > . This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The result is one of sculptured elegance. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

big blue lilyturf 12.Florence B.Foeniculum vulgare. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Thymus × citriodorus.Hyssopus officinalis.Allium moly.Liriope muscari. arcticus.Artemisia frigida. green santolina 14.Thymus praecox subsp. apple mint 13.Satureja montana.Salvia officinalis. 15. fringed 7. chive 4.Allium christophii. Mentha suaveolens. gray 10. Baker. 1. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. blue hyssop 16.Levisticum officinale. garden sage 18.Salvia officinalis. 8. French tarragon schoenoprasum. winter savory 9.Santolina chamaecyparissus. wormwood fennel 2.Allium sativa.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. Artemisia dracunculus var. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . dwarf garden 17. Santolina virens. lemon 11. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. and the front porch of the house. the square. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. the upper deck. < previous page page_70 next page > . But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Many herb gardens could provide this. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. the circle. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. for the box after new spring growth.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

Cupressus sempervirens. dwarf edging box 7.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. viola 3. chamomile 2.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cedrus deodara. winter savory 4.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lavender 5.Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf myrtle 6.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Satureja montana. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. lemon 8. Italian cypress 9. 1.

Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Coin with Tudor rose design. Paths are gravel. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Roses. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. from Peter Coats. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst.. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. as it was with this plan. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

classic myrtle 18. English daisy 36.Calendula officinalis. caraway 35.Lactuca sativa. pot marigold 15. Origanum majorana.Bellis perennis.Fragaria vesca. English pasqueflower primrose 14. lemon balm 31. rue 33.Satureja montana.Viola tricolor. salad burnet 10. oxlip 17. 19. Malva sylvestris.Buxus sempervirens. parsley 29. Chamaemelum nobile. mallow 13.Ruta graveolens.Primula vulgaris. 1.Crithmum maritimum. lettuce 28.Aconitum napellus.Carum carvi. Thymus serpyllum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata. Dianthus caryophyllus. yellow flag 26. 25. Eryngium maritimum. chamomile 4. earth 24. spearmint 30. saffron lily crocus 12. monkshood27. clove20.Primula elatior. fennel 21. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha × piperita.Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. Madonna 23. Hyssopus officinalis. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > .Petroselinum crispum. Foeniculum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. sweet marjoram 3. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. sweet violet 6.Viola odorata.Lilium candidum.Anemone pulsatilla.Myrtus communis. 22. wild thyme 5. 34. blue hyssop 2.Crocus sativus. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. winter 32.Fumaria officinalis. rosemary 16. absinthe peppermint 8.Iris pseudacorus.

A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. white blooms and woolly.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. plumed. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. white. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. silver mound. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . most of the blooms are nightscented. Selected for this reason." Concrete blocks. its tufted. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. spurred. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. along with a measure of fragrance. However. but Always Love. a moondial rather than a sundial is used.

Galanthus nivalis. white . petunia 30. Stachys byzantina. silver mound artemisia 3. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. 17.Dictamnus albus.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubiam vulgare. Thymus 'Argenteus'. 1. lamb's.Galium odoratum. sweet 31. silver 16. Dianthus 'White Lace'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. white 32.Lilium candidum. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.19. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. pink 15.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 'Albus'. horehound 2.

Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. white 22. lavender 12. orris 8. white 27.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. western mugwort 7. daffodil 35.Polianthes tuberosa. tuberose 36. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Convallaria majalis. 28. needle florentina. moonflower 39. Adam's.Artemisia stellerana. tulip 37.Artemisia ludoviciana var. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. Artemisia lactiflora.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. lily-ofthe-valley 11. 23.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Iris × germanica var. clary 24. rose 41.6.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia ludoviciana. 26. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Matthiola incana. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Lunaria annua. white stock absinthe 10. rose 40. Artemisia absinthium.21.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Hesperis matronalis. tulip 38. Yucca filamentosa. albula. beach mugwort wormwood 9. 25. sweet violet 20. Viola odorata. dame's honesty rocket 14.Ipomoea alba.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.

Rather. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. textures. required their use as an educational adjunct.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. related to an old mill reconstruction. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Many of these herbs lack the hues. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. This herb garden. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. < previous page page_76 next page > . simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. too. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. Sansevieria trifasciata. 35.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Morus rubra or alba. golden 40. Agave sisalana.Solidago species.Chelidonium majus. Gossypium hirsutum.Hypericum perforatum. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. black-eyed 50.Monarda didyma. broad 42. French 33. goldthread 41.Reseda luteola.Coptis trifolia. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . Abutilon theophrasti. 20. 32.Coreopsis tinctoria. garden 56. woad Susan laevifolium. Agave fourcroydes. 23. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Anthemis tinctoria..Sanguinaria canadensis. stinging nettle44.Tagetes erecta.Rhus typhina.Berberis vulgaris. lily.Isatis tinctoria.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow 55.Allium cepa. barberry teasel woodruff 12. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. weld 57. blueberry 13. African 45.Rumex acetosa. onion China jute 4.Rubia tinctorum. Musa textilis. Manila 25.51.Indigofera tinctoria. ramie 24. sisal 27. 48.Rudbeckia hirta. 39. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. 26.Galium verum. Boehmeria nivea. dyer's 31.Galium odoratum. 37. sweet 49.Anchusa officinalis.Mahonia aquifolium. saffron crocus marguerite 3. peach bracken sorrel 19.Ligustrum vulgare. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Viburnum acerifolium. fuller's 30.Genista germanica.Hydrastis canadensis.Phytolacca americana.Genista tinctoria. queen.Filipendula ulmaria. sumac poke 17. henequen marigold bearberry 8. 22. bee 36.Prunus persica. Scotch broom hemp 7.Parmelia conspersa.Cotinus coggygria.38.Dipsacus sativus.Cladrastis lutea. Hibiscus cannabinus. St.46.Polygonum hydropiperoides. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 28.Crocus sativus. alkanet 52.Rumex obtusifolius.Furcraea hexapetala. 53.Urtica dioica. dyer's broom safflower 6. privet marigold 15.Convallaria majalis. 1. madder 54. 34. flax 21.Cytisus scoparius.Tagetes patula. 47.Agrimonia eupatoria. 29. Linum usitatissimum.Pteridium aquilinum.Carthamus tinctorius. 43.

Sufficient space was made for a center of interest.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. A totally appealing edging. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. < previous page page_78 next page > . is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. as well as the roses. Elsewhere. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. a sundial surrounded by the dainty.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. cl. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Seven Sisters'. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Sombreuil'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. Alfred de Rougemont'. 18. 22. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'American Pillar'. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 1. 'Queen of the Prairies'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Crimson Rambler' 21.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Mme. cl. rambler 20. cl. 25. rambler 19. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Legras de St. cl. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. cl. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 23. 24.

is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. The notch of four square feet. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. Circles and angles provide interest. < previous page page_80 next page > .

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.B. giant garlic var. Boerner.B. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.A. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. crispum 'Banquet'.A. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.esculentum 'Long Black'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. 29. C.A. 45. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. kohlrabi Rock'.S. annuum 'Black Prince'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. 25.A. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.B. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. scorodoprasum.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.Apium graveolens var. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. celery Bed 9. shallot Lakes'. garlic chive 44. annuum 'Pinocchio'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.C. Capsicum annuum var. 39. graveolens var. C. red 38. annuum 'Nosegay'. celery I 31.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.C. graveolens var. chive 42. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. graveolens var. cepa Proliferum Group. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. ruby swiss chard var. dulce 50. red 37. 48.L.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B.sativa 'Ruby'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. graveolens 'French Dinant'.Cichorium intybus. 30.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. melongena 2. C. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.C. 24. eggplant 43.A.S. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. sprouts celery 8. 26.C. red-flowered kale 6. C. leek 5. Petroselinum crispum var. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.B. 27.B.B.B. curly eggplant parsley 23. lycopersicum var. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. oleracea 'Prima'.A. dulce 'Utah 5270'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. white-flowered kale 49. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. tuberosum. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . cherry tomato 34. annuum 'Golden Bell'. oleracea 'Green Parade'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. annuum 'Red Boy'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.A.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. 32. 28.C. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.A.L.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.C. celery Group. annuum 'Variegata'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Solanum melongena var. schoenoprasum.B. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. annuum 'Teno'. 40. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. C. Beauty'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. annuum 'Fips'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. C.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41.B. pear Purple Vienna'. C.B. dulce 47. 22. melongena 1.A. annuum 'Mosaic'.

and golden thyme. When viewed from the terrace above. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. arcs.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. for each is a complete entity. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. winter savory. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. All of the circles.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

17.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. apricot geranium28.S. Satureja montana. germander crowfoot geranium 21.Myrica pensylvanica.P. tomentosum. pungent-scented geranium 25. Santolina chamaecyparissus.P.P. green 14. grossularioides. peppermint 26. 29.P.' lemon geranium 23. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. scabrum. apple gray santolina geranium 3.× nervosum. Livingston'. 12. 19.P. lemon geranium 22. inkberry geranium 9. Teucrium chamaedrys. radens 'Dr. rose-scented geranium 4.P.P.A. Santolina virens. golden 11. graveolens. lime geranium Rose'. crispum 'French Lace.P. odoratissimum. acerifolium. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. A. × domesticum 6. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.Melissa R. winter 13.Ilex glabra. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. gooseberry geranium 24.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P. × nervosum 'Torento'. Assoc. The number in each planting area is the key number. crispum. rose geranium 27. P. orange geranium 8. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 15.P. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. Landscape Architect.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . Thymus 'Clear Gold'. P.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P. maple-leaved 18. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. 1.P. oak-leaved geranium 16.L. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.P.P. P. Marshall.

For the knot to look its best at all times. To ease the care for a more complicated design. which is framed with a brick edging. texture. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. Maintenance is high for a knot. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. on page 37.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. blue hyssop 3.Santolina virens. or marble chips. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. ." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. was planted using edging box only. such as a dwarf edging box. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. especially when it is blooming. filled with plants that have contrasting color.Lavandula angustifolia. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. English lavender 2. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. sand. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. 1. closed knot design. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Hyssopus officinalis. Its interspaces can be mulched. and growth to the plants of the knot design.

crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. green santolina 2. 1.Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box 4.

creeping thymes. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. praecox subsp. In another departure from the usual. Some maintenance is required for clipping. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. The knot material is maintained at six inches. which is found more often out in the open. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. Teucrium chamaedrys. purple variegated 11. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. the height of the edging. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.officinalis 'Tricolor'. white 7.T. 8. fig 4. rosemary creeping thyme 2. 1. lavender Japanese barberry 5. herba-barona. 'Munstead'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. variegated garden sage . Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing.T. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. caraway thyme 9.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. arcticus 'Albus'.S. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. arcticus 'Coccineus'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. which are confined to that area. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.

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Lavandula angustifolia subsp. American germander 3. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. lavender . gray santolina 2.Teucrium canadense. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. germander . Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.

Santolina chamaecyparissus.2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .

each one a quarter-circle. a complement for the colors of the plant material. again laid on edge. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. < previous page page_88 next page > . The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. adding another facet to an appealing design. which are also laid on edge.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. pleasing color.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Artemisia arborescens. silver horehound 19. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. French lavender 3. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. curry plant 7. silver thyme 6.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. tree germander 22.Salvia argentea. 1. lavender 5.The number in each planting area is the key number.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis marschalliana. dwarf gray santolina 20.Helichrysum angustifolium. 17. gray santolina 2. candicans.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. angustifolia 'Rosea'. blue sage 13.Salvia clevelandii. rue 21. tree artemisia 26.Teucrium fruticans.Crithmum maritimum. Russian sage 24.Santolina neapolitana 10. silver sage 15. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Anthemis tinctoria.Lavandula dentata var. glaucum 11. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. 16. samphire14. lavender 9.Perovskia atriplicifolia. dwarf 12.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Artemisia frigida. 18. golden marguerite 25. lavender 8.Allium senescens var. woolly yarrow 23.Leontopodium alpinum.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Marrubium incanum.

the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. basil. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. Some are rosemary. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. lady's-mantle. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. which include hanging baskets. < previous page page_90 next page > . sweet marjoram. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. and the savories. If one is familiar with herbs. Styles of containers. As with other plant material. thyme. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. oregano. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. are without number. The color of the container plays a lesser role. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern.

as with this container herb garden.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance.

< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.S.L. LandscapeArchitect. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. such an outlay would be unwarranted. However. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A. If children's interest is not sustained. < previous page page_95 next page > . Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Of course supervision is necessary. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. A. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.

and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Just keep a garden design for children simple." selected for their greater fragrance. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Instead of benches on the patio. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. too. they are easily handpicked. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. These are ''old roses. Children in this age group can help with the construction. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. A sundial can be fun and also educational. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. < previous page page_96 next page > .< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area.

< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. .A.S.L. A. Landscape Architect.

Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Nepeta cataria. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Chenopodium botrys.The number in each planting area is the key number. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Artemisia abrotanum. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 13. glaucum 31.Satureja hortensis.Rosa damascena. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium sativum var. clary 25. cottage pink 18.Origanum majorana. lovage 12. Borago officinalis. southernwood 5. dyer's bush basil woad 9. ophioscorodon. garden sage 24. American 21. crispum.Allium senescens var.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Petroselinum crispum var. love-in-a-mist 14. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. pot marigold 8. lily leek 30. horehound 26. dill pennyroyal 11.Isatis tinctoria. damask rose 32. 1. ambrosia 2. 19. Petroselinum crispum var.rocambole 28.Artemisia camphorata. Dianthus plumarius.Rosa gallica. neapolitanum. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Salvia officinalis. English lavender 7.Salvia sclarea. Levisticum officinale.Lavandula angustifolia.Calendula officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. English lavender 4. 16.Allium tuberosum.Allium moly. summer savory 22. dwarf 6. garlic chive 29. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Nigella damascena. 20.Marrubium vulgare. catnip 27. Italian parsley 23. alpine strawberry 3.Anethum graveolens. borage 15.Tropaeolum minus.

from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. All are inviting to the touch. are a seal and a turtle. The oval. The sculptures. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. < previous page page_98 next page > . Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. not noted on the plan. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. previously used as a skating rink. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all.

A. Landscape Architect.A.R. F. .< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.

catnip Chamaemelum nobile. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. mint Tagetes. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. Nepeta cataria. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. English Tussilago farfara. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. coltsfoot Mimulus. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. Greek Stachys byzantina. winter savory Mentha. marigold Salvia officinalis. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. cowslip Linaria. tansy Monarda didyma. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. lousewort Viola canina. bee balm Satureja montana. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. duckweed Antennaria. borage Tanacetum vulgare. dog violet Lemna. bee orchid Erigeron. mint Galium odoratum.Hedeoma pulegioides. chive dandelion Allium sativum. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. Foeniculum vulgare. Allium schoenoprasum. fleabane Stellaria. Trifolium pratense. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. fat-hen Primula veris. chamomile Mentha. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis.

Their height eases the task of weeding. and old barn beams another about the same height. feverfew. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. for an old barn foundation of stone. < previous page page_101 next page > . Still. developed particularly for study. are superb for displaying potted herbs. a mint. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. A number of wooden window frames. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Instead. it is a most satisfying growing situation. its wooden structure long gone. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. an exceedingly long one. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. Its plant list.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Here.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

rosemary 82. apple wormwood geranium 8.Thymus praecox subsp. 55. 62.Valeriana officinalis. marsh mallow 13.Artemisia dracunculus var. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Acinos alpinus.Viola tricolor. golden thyme 98.A.Monarda didyma. 61. golden marjoram 26.Myrrhis odorata.P. viper's 65. camphorata. garden sage 84. golden variegated garden sage 86. Grecian 59. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. absinthium.Chelidonium majus. arcticus 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia.Stachys grandifora 93.Asarum canadense. woolly thyme 101.Calamintha grandiflora. betony 92. crispum.Rubia tinctorum. abrotanum.Hyssopus officinalis. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Physalis heterophylla. absinthe 51.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Geranium robertianum.T.Calendula officinalis.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Sium sisarum.O.Veronica serpyllifolia. wormwood germander 9. rue 83. lemon 52.Marrubium vulgare.T. 43. herba-barona. rose sativa.P.P. yarrow herb Robert 4. stellerana. tomentosum.Digitalis purpurea.T. 60.O. lemon verbena 106.Galium odoratum. bee balm57. lesser 67. golden lemon thyme 99.S.Sempervivum tectorum. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Angelica archangelica. onites. sweet 53. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Nepeta mussinii.T.Ranunculus ficaria. silver thyme 105.Rosmarinus officinalis.A.Pelargonium crispum. dyer's woodruff broom 3.A. pallasianus.Viola odorata.Tanacetum vulgare var. richardii subsp. 1. creeping veronica . majorana. St. × citriodorus. lemon thyme 100. purple variegated garden sage 85. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.T. winter savory 88.O.O.S. Roman 46.Agastache foeniculum.T 'Argenteus'. balm horehound 14. foxglove 2.Levisticum officinale.A. southernwood ground cherry 10. odorous thyme 104.Althaea officinalis.A. pot marigold 25. praecox subsp. camphor. odoratissimum.T. caraway thyme 103.M. pink 58. 'Clear Gold'.Teucrium chamaedrys. 64.Melissa officinalis. crimson creeping thyme 96. 44. celandine madder 79. basilicum 'Minimum'.A.S. fern-leaf tansy 95. beach 47.Genista tinctoria.Campanula rapunculus.O.Lychnis coronaria. French tarragon geranium 7.Poterium sanguisorba. basil blue hyssop 15.Agastache cana.Campanula persicifolia.Satureja montana. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. rampion 81. 'Purpurascens'. sweet 41. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Aurea'.Digitalis lanata. 50.Echium vulgare.T. bee balm lovage 20. 45. arcticus 'Coccineus'.T.Euphorbia cyparissias.Stachys officinalis. thyme 102. 66.Plantago major. white creeping thyme 97. sweet celandine marjoram 28. officinalis 'Purpurea'. variegated garden sage 87. sweet cicely 94. didyma 'Rosea'. catmint 63. purple basil English lavender 18.Salvia officinalis. pontica. angelica lemon geranium 5.Hypericum perforatum.Ocimum basilicum.Pulmonaria officinalis. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. basilicum 56. 42. plantain 80.-John'swort 91. 54. rose costmary campion 23.Achillea millefolium.Ruta graveolens. mosquito plant 19. pot marjoram bugloss 27. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Alchemilla vulgaris.Aloysia triphylla. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. nitidus. alpine savory 89.49. graveolens. southernwood houseleek 12. calamint valerian 24.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. skirret 90. 48. sweet violet 40.

moth 113.Sorbaria sorbifolia. Proliferum Group.Prunus pensylvanica. ostrowskianum 34. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Laurus nobilis. chervil 68. spearmint 107. cowslip 72. chamomile 30. spicata. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.29. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. bay dittany-of-Crete 38.M.Mentha suaveolens.Chrysanthemum 78. citrata.Verbascum thapsus. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Myrtus communis.A.Cichorium intybus.Lysimachia vulgaris.A. veronica 108.Isatis tinctoria. yucca 109.Yucca filamentosa. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Anthriscus cerefolium. red mint comfrey 33. blattaria. tree onion 112.Lilium candidum.Origanum dictamnus. pin cherry 39. suaveolens 'Variegata'. apple mint 69. oxeye daisy mullein 36. orach115.Atriplex hortensis.Chamaemelum nobile.M. 76. × piperita var.Origanum vulgare. wild 116.Helichrysum angustifolium.Chrysanthemum 74.Symphytum officinale. pineapple mint 31. 71. orange mint 32. feverfew cinerariifolium.Veronica officinalis. 114.V. chicory 70.Oenothera biennis.Primula veris. 73.Allium sativum. dyer's woad 110. evening 77.M.cepa. garlic 111. curry plant mullein 35. × gentilis.M.Dianthus plumarius 75.Chrysanthemum parthenium.

A wheelshaped bed. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. not just hiding it. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. Francis. of good proportion for the size of the opening. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. its outline constructed of brick. A statue of St. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. but not obvious. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. < previous page page_104 next page > .

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. labdanum Cistus crispus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. Sidney Ephedra viridis. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. cat Watsonia rosea. potato Brassica eruca. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. Eleocharis dulcis. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. poet's Solidago californica. Eriobotrya japonica. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. menthifolia. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Vetiveria zizanioides. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . California poppy Oxalis crassipes. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. white Justicia carnea. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. lion's-ear prismaticum. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. AREA VI japonica. loquat Cichorium intybus. Cestrum nocturnum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis.

The exterior brick path. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. another a Mary garden. < previous page page_106 next page > . scented-leaf geraniums. not only for hardiness where needed. to name a few. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. but also for proper leaf size. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. and a third a culinary garden. emphasizes the circle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. One is a garden of legends. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. is a center of interest. an "old rose" and fragrant. or potpourri. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. The damask rose 'Celsiana'.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Angelica archangelica. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Ruta graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. costmary 6. Linum usitatissimum. sweet marjoram basil 12. absinthe 4. rue 28. black 23. garden up sage 10.Brassica nigra. sweet 21. blue 18. lady's. yellow 25.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Alchemilla vulgaris. Chamaemelum nobile.Crocus sativus. dill 11. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . spearmint 22. saffron crocus marigold 7. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Origanum majorana.19. white dead 24.Calendula officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.The number in each planting area is the key number. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Galium verum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum. flax 17. Hyssopus officinalis.Mentha spicata. 27. chive bedstraw 16.Hedera helix.Lamium album.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. pyrethrum 5. Viola tricolor. Artemisia absinthium. hyssop rose 9. English thyme 13. pot 26. Johnny-jump.20. 1. Anethum graveolens. English ivy rosemary 8.Narcissus mustard 14. chamomile 3. angelica 2.

This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. < previous page page_108 next page > . and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate.

Artemisia absinthium. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . beach Monarda didyma. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. thyme Cnicus benedictus. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. Cotinus coggygria. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. clove Marrubium vulgare. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. blue Lamium maculatum. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Myrrhis odorata. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. rue Malva alcea var. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. peppermint Laurus nobilis. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. sweet Myrtus communis. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. spearmint Mentha × piperita. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Russian 'Prostratus'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. lemon balm Mentha spicata. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. perennial flax Galium odoratum. fastigiata.

where paths enter an area or take a different direction. too. Viewed from the terrace garden.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. and huge. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. features a closed knot of superior design. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. This is a general rule observed. millstones. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. simply on a smaller scale. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. < previous page page_110 next page > . Appropriately used as accents. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. The generous use of edgings.

Teucrium chamaedrys. Design plan of herb garden 1. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. Landscape Architect.L. six feet in diameter.Santolina virens. dwarf box . has its size dictated by a rule of design. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. green santolina 6.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.S. The number in each planting area is the key number. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. germander 2. 'Tiny Rubies'. Routine clipping is required. A. gray santolina 7. that of good proportion. of greater size than is commonly found.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hyssopus officinalis. lavender 5. cheddar pink 4.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. blue hyssop 3.A. and the mulch.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.

sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. box Calycanthus fioridus. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. quince Magnolia virginiana. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. black haw Prunus americana. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. box Myrica pensylvanica. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. goat willow Sassafras albidum. japonica. beach plum Corylus avellana. dogwood Pinus nigra. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. honey locust Cornus florida.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. plum Prunus maritima. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. shadbush Salix caprea.

The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. Salvia. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. vulgaris 'Miniature' T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. Lavandula. However. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. praecox subsp. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Argenteus'. caraway thyme T. As a rule. silver thyme T. and a miscellany of others. arcticus 'Rosea' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Rosmarinus. doerfleri T. Currently. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. 'Doone Valley' . it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. arcticus T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. its plant material varied. praecox subsp. 'Annie Hall' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. leucotrichus T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. herba-barona. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens.

guaranitica. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia subsp. purple variegated garden sage S. autumn sage S. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. golden rosemary R. officinalis 'Prostratus'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. pine-scented rosemary R. leucantha. angustissimus. praecox subsp. 'Clear Gold'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. greggii. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. blue sage S. sweet lavender L. English lavender L. ramie . heterophylla. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. crimson creeping thyme T. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. involucrata. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Aurea'. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. golden thyme T. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp.T. dentata. anise sage S. woolly thyme T. golden variegated sage S. angustifolia. Mexican bush sage S. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L.

Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Smith. to sweeten the air. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Primarily. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. Circumstances determined these priorities. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. L. Equisetum arvense. Sium sisarum. which were located between the water supply. obedient plant. rupturewort. Cheloneglabra. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. to lure bees. The apple trees. family needsmedicinal. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. for scrubbing pots. balmony. The house. Physostegia virginiana. Prunella vulgaris. selected for their authenticity in this restoration.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. a well beside the house. horsetail. culinary. used in salads or boiled. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. constructed of brick made on the property. Hesperis matronalis. Herniaria glabra.

this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. for a few are in use now. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. too. while functional. < previous page page_116 next page > . Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. too. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Today. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

1.Syringa × persica var. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Gardenia jasminoides. wisteria 13. pomegranate 3. fig 6.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. bay 7.Wisteria frutescens. southern laciniata. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Rosa banksiae.Malus angustifolia.Lagerstroemia indica.Pinus taeda.Punica granatum.Allium sativum.Lonicera flava.Prunus angustifolia.Sambucus canadensis.Ficus carica.Rosmarinus officinalis.Laurus nobilis. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Lonicera sempervirens. rosemary 2. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. garlic 9. Banksia rose 14. 16. Cape jasmine 10. yellow 12. 15. trumpet 11.

too. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The effect would be quite different without them. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Italy. < previous page page_118 next page > . Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. Appropriately. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Ocimum basilicum.Hypericum perforatum. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Dipsacus sativus. sweet flag marigold 24. myrtle 53.Monarda didyma. yellow-root 7.Ilex vomitoria. 45.Achillea millefolium. American holly 16. 42. pot 48. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Rosa laevigata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 26.Hyssopus officinalis.Chamaemelum nobile.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha spicata.Galium odoratum. 54.Mentha pulegium.Artemisia abrotanum. 1.Gaultheria procumbens. butterfly 32.Nepeta cataria.Lavandula angustifolia. 33. horsemint lobelia 23.Santolina chamaecyparissus.57.Ilex opaca. balm autumn crocus 2.Acorus calamus.Pinckneya pubens. senna woodruff 15.Teucrium chamaedrys. lovage 35.Anethum graveolens.Asarum virginicum.Cornus florida. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. catnip 34. peony 51. blue 46.Allium schoenoprasum.Verbascum thapsus.Marrubium vulgare.Xanthoriza simplicissima. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . sativa. trumpet honeysuckle 4. bee balm 28. yarrow lungwort 22.Monarda punctata.Sassafras albidum.Mentha × piperita. basil chive 3. blue 44. dill 39. 66. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 55.Vinca minor.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 64. yaupon pink southernwood 12. St.Crocus sativus.Rosmarinus officinalis. hyssop sassafras 20.Agrimonia eupatoria.Populus balsamifera. saffron crocus 25. foxglove 41. fennel 40.Melissa officinalis.Borago officinalis.Lilium candidum.Calendula officinalis. spearmint 62.Lonicera sempervirens.Levisticum officinale. 63. 38.Elizabeth Lawrence. tansy 65.Rubus allegheniensis.Eupatorium perfoliatum. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. mullein 49. garden sage 59. 61. 37. 70. wild ginger69.Digitalis purpurea.Foeniculum vulgare.Colchicum autumnale.Armoracia rusticana.Cassia marilandica.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lobelia siphilitica.Pulmonaria officinalis. great 47. 68.Ruta graveolens.Cimicifuga racemosa.Punica granatum.Laurus nobilis.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. gray santolina witch hazel 11. agrimony 58.Lindera benzoin. 30. borage 31.Calycanthus fioridus.Tanacetum vulgare.Asclepias tuberosa. rue 56. peppermint 52. fuller's teasel 67. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Symphytum officinale.Chimaphila umbellata. sweet shrub 10. black 29. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Dianthus caryophyllus.Hamamelis virginiana. dogwood horehound 18. sweet 27. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. box chamomile 9. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 60. 50. clove 36.Paeonia officinalis.Salvia officinalis. 43.

of herbs per pound for meat loaf. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. of herbs for one loaf of bread. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. In any event. 1 T. preventives. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. and fragrances they developed. < previous page page_120 next page > . This is true for the remedies. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs.

quince 24.Viburnum prunifolium.Mentha spicata. English thyme rosemary 7. absinthe 9.Salvia officinalis.Digitalis purpurea.Origanum majorana. lavender lovage 3.Satureja montana. opium poppy 5. pot marigold 2.Papaver somniferum.Cydonia oblonga. caraway 19.Monarda punctata.Lavandula angustifolia. Calendula officinalis. 1.Ocimum basilicum.Rosmarinus officinalis. horehound 15.Pyrus communis.Mentha × piperita.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 4. sweet marjoram 6.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Levisticum officinale. spearmint 17. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . peppermint 18.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. foxglove 12. garden sage 8.Carum carvi. blue hyssop 21.Marrubium vulgare. horsemint 20. black haw 23.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 11. catnip 16. sweet basil 13. English 10. 14.Hyssopus officinalis.Nepeta cataria. apothecary's rose 22.

centrally located. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. Allowed such freedom of expression. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and bricks raise the beds. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. The beds are used to achieve balance. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. for example the large square bed with circular path. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Shaded by hop vines. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. makes it something of a focal point. from early Moravian settlements. to study it. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. The main paths of brick unify the garden. the other 1761. Thus it was for this garden. and if the best has not always survived.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. one dated 1759. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. < previous page page_122 next page > . Some could be used singly. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. often it is reconstructed.

. Campbell.L.A. A.S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect.

Scabiosa atropurpurea.Origanum majorana. blue 69.77.Chamaemelum nobile. virgin's bower 40.Artemisia abrotanum. comfrey 33. clary 30.Rumex acetosa. absinthe 45. yarrow 4. elecampane 11. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. cockscomb 47. rue 14.Rosa moschata.Stachys officinalis.Humulus lupulus.Gelsemium sempervirens. 74.The number in each planting area is the key number. cabbage angustifolia. horehound 56. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . madder 16. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Pulmonaria officinalis. orach 76. 62.Coriandrum sativum.Asparagus officinalis.Saponaria officinalis. English thyme 2.Tanacetum vulgare.Borago officinalis.Passiflora incarnata.Bellis perennis.Hydrangea quercifolia.Cnicus benedictus.Ruta graveolens. rosemary49.Tropaeolum majus. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. betony 82.Ficus. lavender rose 21. 52. 66. 48.Cercis canadensis. garden nasturtium 12.Ocimum basilicum.Hyssopus officinalis.Crocus sativus.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Lagerstroemia indica. catnip 70. garlic lungwort 36. lemon 64.Clematis virginiana. garden sage 15. corn poppy 79.Colchicum autumnale.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Foeniculum vulgare. saffron peppermint crocus 35. mugwort67. poet's narcissus 61.Armoracia rusticana.Rheum rhabarbarum.Aquilegia vulgaris. sweet 71.Narcissus poeticus. damask coriander rose 19.Rubia tinctorum.Alcea rosea.Allium sativum. dwarf nasturtium 13.Inula helenium. 68.Atriplex hortensis. blessed thistle 8.Vitis.Levisticum officinale. stock 50. fennel marjoram 28.Silybum marianum. hollyhock 51.Dianthus caryophyllus. basil moss rose 44.Rosa gallica.Rosa roxburghii. hop southernwood 39. 80. Carolina jessamine 38.Marrubium vulgare. tansy 6. English 78.Tropaeolum minus. eglantine Group. blue 63.Carum carvi.Achillea millefolium.Amaranthus caudatus. columbine 29.Artemisia absinthium.Magnolia grandiflora.Rosmarinus officinalis. asparagus 31.Nepeta cataria.Salvia viridis. redbud 24.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 81.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Cornusflorida. black cumin 46. polyanthus narcissus 60.Consolida ambigua.Anethum graveolens. parsley 32. sweet 55. red pepper 20. French rose 18. daisy crape myrtle 23.Papaver rhoeas. chamomile 17.Artemisia vulgaris.Salvia sclarea.Narcissus tazetta. lovage 9. autumn crocus 34.Mentha × piperita. annual clary 3.Althaea officinalis.Symphytum officinale.Lilium candidum. marsh mallow 7.Rosa damascena.Nigella sativa.Rosa centifolia. caraway 72. hyssop maypop 42.Petroselinum crispum. borage 5.Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Rosa eglanteria. dill 73.Allium schoenoprasum. clove 53. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. holy thistle 58. rhubarb 10. balm chive 37. grape larkspur 41. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Celosia cristata. chestnut rose 43.Matthiola incana. sorrel 65. Madonna lily 59. love. spearmint 57. 54.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. This space was never adequate. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The next most desirable exposure. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. it is proper to make a trial run. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. Thus. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. Calluna (heather). and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. First. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. A ravine and existing.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. Although some observations may seem obvious. far from the house. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. even boggy. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). The lesser the scale. the western. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Usually this is least desirable. and the north point is established.

a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The outline is fixed. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. The new herb garden has been located. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. It was a pleasurable assignment. The. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. all four sides are so determined. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Then. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. another is close to the rear of the house. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen.ground where drainage is better. < previous page page_126 next page > . 127 indicates. and the search did not take long. but it need not be identical. single bed. as the drawing on p. There is the housegarage structure on one side. certainly not precisely the same. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. Indeed. and the property line on the last. The general outline is similar. 77 provided the needed inspiration. a driveway on still another. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed.

which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. then north. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. as in this case. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. this low wall will enclose the garden area. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. In fact. There was no . It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. something is amiss. Two drawings were required to work out problems. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. With the plan established. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. If all is well. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. forming the outer boundary of the service path. If. In addition. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

The old turn-around stone made it necessary. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. a lapped joint was fashioned. admittedly. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. In this area. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. . it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. In the earlier stage of planning. At corners. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. the eight-foot length was more practical. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. In this case. however. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. However.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. not one completed in a weekend. this was. eight. and the finished edging would be effective. Before edgings could be put in place. A structural edging was in order. the site required some leveling. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. However. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. this same base underlies all the paths. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Aged compost. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. A choice of five colors was available. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Unfortunately. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. leaves. sand. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. for they will likely have more traffic. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. The latter need to be more substantially paved. selected for its simplicity. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. This method of treatment now guarantees . could serve this purpose. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Heavy black plastic. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. filling the beds with soil was next. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. One is the ramp to the driveway. Weeds. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. but there are exits to different levels. The pattern is running bond. had been proof of that.

Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . on a trial run of one course of brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. even bed for the pavers. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. However. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. worth the added cost. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.

French drains. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. In this instance. for it would interfere with the drainage system." their construction can be somewhat varied. learned about decades earlier. With the completion of the paths. Herbs have flourished in the beds. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. and the steps to other levels. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. converging where it was logical to do so. . the terraced area. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. since that path borders the house. Sometimes called "rubble drains.

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Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. a garden plan. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. is symmetrical. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. albula. and so on. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. for example. having a variety of gradations. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. sixteenths of an inch. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. in tenths of an inch. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. E EllipseAn oval. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. and so on. for example. twelfths of an inch.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. not necessarily referable to botanical species. Its arrow points north and. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. hundredths of an inch. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. often a wall or trellis. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. casts the shadow for the hour. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. in inches.

rounded fragments of rock.3). and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney.3. ForthrightA straight course or path. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. a patterned garden. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. M ManufactoryA factory. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. GrindstoneMillstone. Usually a few inches thick. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. also called rubble drain. or colored earths. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow.brick) in the same course. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. a flat. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. its compartments filled with flowers. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. heated especially by fermenting manure. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. loose. roofed structure usually open on the sides. Pea gravelSmall. G GazeboA freestanding. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. turf.

an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .rafters.

< previous page page_132 next page > . dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. R Rose. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. often planted with aromatic herbs. snug fit for walks. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. ranking between species and variety.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. V VarietyA category below species. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. called also a hose cock. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. W Wall. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Stone. not treelike or with a single trunk. or steps. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. TreillageLatticework for vines. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. cutting. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. walls. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar.

1962. John Philip. S. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1963. Aurora. Room Outside. 1973. . Mo. 1942. 1958. New York: Macmillan. The Small Garden. Margaret E. Baumgardt. London. Bailey Hortorium. and Louden.. London: Adam and Charles Black. Independence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. New York: Viking Press. Earle.. Book of the Geranium. Greenwood. How Plants Get Their Names. New York: G. Batsford. London: Country Life. Herbals. 1933. P. Crowe. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Coats. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Gertrude B. Carpenter. Prof.. 1938. Hortus Third. 1957. 1944. L. 1976. Hanging Plants for Home. 1911. The Herb Garden. 1980. Robert Lee. Helen H. New York: Simon and Schuster. London: Macmillan. Bardswell. Kent: The Herb Farm. London: Marshall Cavendish. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 1951. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1961. Frances A. . John E. Agnes. Rosetta E. and Accessories. New York: Macmillan. Helen Morgenthau. Brookes. 1971. Edlin. Roses. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Garden City: Doubleday. L. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Flannery. John. . Daniel J. 1977. Fox. New York: Crown Publishers. Garden Design. Bailey.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Harriet Ballard. Julia S. P.. New York: Dover. Beston. 14701670. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Cross.: Geo. 1966. Herbs and the Earth. Herbsfor Every Garden. Peter. Brownlow. Behme. W. The Garden (An Illustrated History). London: Saturn Press. The Cultivated Basils. New York: Viking Press. Liberty Hyde. H. Gertrude B.C. Dutton & Co. Sevenoaks. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Jot. Foster. 1980. Staff of. 1935. Berrall. Seal. New York: Macmillan. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America.: Buckeye Printing Co. New York. Sylvia. Putnam's Sons. H. 1971. and Garden. Park Seed Co. Toronto. 1972. New York: Hawthorne Books. Foley.. Henry. Foster. Terrace. Green Enchantment. Sydney: B. Alice Morse. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1902. 1972. 1966. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. New York: E. ed. Park's Success with Herbs. Charlotte. 1982. Darrah. Rosemary F. 1970. Complements. T. 1979. Doran & Co. Clarkson. New York: Macmillan. Erichsen-Brown. 1951. British Plants.

Pozza. George H. 1970. 1951. P. Loyal R. Boston. New York: Dover. and Synge. 1972. Grow and Enjoy. Gardens in Winter. and Chiltoskey. Johns. Helen K. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Mass. Eleanour Sinclair. Tucson: H. Frances. The Art of Dyeing. 1978. London: Faber and Faber. How to Select. Brown & Co. Toronto: Little. New York: Dover.. Ireys. P.. chemist. Eigel. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Philippa. 1976. Roses of the World in Color. Division Billboard Publications.. and Alma L. The Book of Spices.: Livingston Pub. 1938. New York: William Morrow & Co. 1974. Harold N. Potter. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Sylva. Lerner.. 1981. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Frederic. 1979. New York: Macmillan. Kiaer. Italy. Hay. Patrick M. A Garden of Herbs. C. New York: De La Mare. M. Neri. 1976. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. and Brunello. 1946. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Lesch. Loewenfeld. Simmons. and Rice. Dutton & Co. Rosengarten. Herbs. . 1975. London: George Routledge & Sons. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. N. J. Johnson. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Boston. McFarland. Vicenza. The Berry Book... 1966. 1952. Vegetable Dyeing. 1971. 2d ed. New York: E. Adelma G. Roy.. Moldenke. Myron. and Back. Norma Jean. Cherokee Plants. Amy Bess.. New York: Macmillan. The Herb Garden. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Franco. (1st American edition trans. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Loewenfeld. 1983. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Alma. Books. New York: Viking Press. Jones. Claire.C. New York: Harper & Bros. Lathrop. Hamel. New York: Doubleday. Robert. Paul B. Walter. Modern Herbal. 1973. Ann. Elizabeth. Claire..) Rohde. 1971. 1959. 1981. 1982. New York: Clarkson N.. Plants of the Bible.: Herald Publishing Co. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Dorothy Bovee. Shaker Herbs. Mary U. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Bernard Hickey. Mrs. Miller. Horace. Rev. 1974. Jr. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1970. Wynnewood. Hendrickson. M. 1975. A. 1969. New York: Crown Publishers. New York: Macmillan. ed. Krauss. The Concise Handbook of Roses. 1964. New York: William Morrow and Co. Lawrence. Alice Recknagel. 1911. New York: Van Nostrand. Waltham. Co.: Chronica Botanica Co. How to Landscape Your Grounds.. Howard. Flowers of the Field. Sarah. Grieve. Early American Gardens. A Biblical Garden. Carol. Landscaping with Vines. Leighton. 1969.. Lawrence. 1961. Pa. Muenscher. < previous page page_133 next page > .Garland.

Mrs. Henry Gund. 1979. 1982. Thomas.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Mrs. Raymond V. Mrs. 1966.. Mrs. Landscape Architecture. Small Gardens Are More Fun.. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Leonard Dreyfuss. Wilder. John. Louise Beebe. Mrs.A. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. Yang. McGarry. Mrs. Bradner. Malcolm. A. Peter M.A. Michael. . Griffin. H. L. Vivian. L.A. . Bates. W T. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Helen Van Pelt. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Mrs. Martin. Taylor.. Graham. Mr. W.A. Smith. William C. Nelva M. L. . New York: Hafner. L. Morss. A.. Indianapolis.L. Rhoda Specht. Mrs. Charles L. New York: William Farquhar Payson.A. L. 1976.. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Mrs.L. Mrs. Margaret Osborn Holt. Robert G. Philip Batchelder. Taloumis. London: Phoenix House. Herbs in the Garden. Singleton. Mrs. New York: St.. Graham Stuart.A. John Ormsbee. L. Mrs. Martin's. Austin R.A. The History of Gardens.. Bynam. Toronto: Van Nostrand. 1976. Neil Hamill Park. Hammond Crawford. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Bleecker. Marion E. Mrs. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.. Baker..A. and Robert B. Mrs. L. New York: Farrar. F. L.S. Sherry D. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. New York. Norman. Revised by Dr. Vera Breed. Esther. Fragrance in the Garden. Charlotte. Climbing Roses Old and New. Ingersoll. Marshall.A. New ed. Pees. Melissa R. The Fragrant Year.L. Jr. L. Katherine S. Thacker. 1965.. Mrs. Berkeley Brandt. Boston: Ralph T.A. 1972. Charles Patch. Martha Dahlen. L. Alfred L.A. William W. Price. Cozart. William Y Dear.. White. Elisabeth W. Bush. 1979. James C. Tarantino. Container Gardening Outdoors.. L... L. Webster. New York: Doubleday. Mrs. Straus. Susan W. George. A. L. Leonie. Z.D. 1961. Virginia B. Weber. 1972.. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Shrub Roses of Today. 1953. New York: Simon & Schuster. George T.A. and Mrs. London: Phoenix House.A. and Bell. Benjamin McF. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Gannaway. Mrs. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Rev. Wilson. C. New York. 1942. Hale & Co. New York: William Morrow & Co.. 1931. Frank M. Herbert G. L. Boerner. Hines. Paxton. Elizabeth Lawrence.A. 1972. Botanical Latin.A. Giroux. Stearn. 1957. Mrs.The Old Shrub Roses. Barbara Capen. Helen Noyes. Moffit. The Fragrant Garden.. ed. New York: Simon & Schuster. Lamm. 1979. Mrs. Mrs. Maxton Davies. Mrs. Plimpton.A. Winthrop G. Mrs. A.. Vt. Donald Paxton. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. New York: St. 1967. A. Mrs. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. 1975. Plants of the Bible.R. William T. Zohary. James D. Robert K. Jack Emil Geist. Jr. Jo Lohmolder. New York: Dover.. Christopher.S. Linda. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Madalene Hill. Campbell. Stearn.. Martin's Press.. Building Stone Walls.: Garden Way. Amy Bess Miller.. New York: McGraw-Hill. Stuart.S. 1953. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Associate. 1974. The Shakespeare Garden. Meyer. T. John Poinier. . Sandy Hicks. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.A. Jr. Keebler. William T. William Radler. 1962.A. Diane C. ed. Mrs.

Hancock. L. Talbot III.. Mrs. Linda Yang. L. L.. Helen M. L. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Harper. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P.A. Edmund G. Ark. Mrs. Eric Duke Scott. Derthick. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. James F.A. Pawtucket.. Ga. N. Plain Dealer Photo. Lansing. Winston-Salem. Wilcox. Elbert Smith. Cleveland.H. Ohio. Joe H. Atlanta. Mrs. Atlanta Historical Society. Roberts. Old Salem. Mr.Rady. Mrs.. Mrs. civic. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Linda Yang. Rose. G. Smith (Ann Leighton). Lawrence Schetky. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Jean Ruh. Mrs. Christopher Rady. Little Rock.. Booker Worthen. The following provided historical.A. Eloise andJo Ray. N..A. Christopher Spencer.. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mass.C. N. James S. Hancock Shaker Village. Inc. Inc. Joan E. Kingwood Center. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Isadore L. Hales Corners. Swanson.. and Mrs. Walter Rebmann. Milton C.. Mansfield.. Mich. L. Wisc. Architect. Greenland. Semple. Matthew Miksch House. Mrs. University of Michigan. Milton Stricker.I. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Skinner. Weeks Brick House. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Western Reserve Herb Society.. Ohio. Old Slater Mill Museum. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Nathan Sameth. Michigan State University. Frederick E.. Whitman. Mrs.. Mrs. R.. Timothy Procter Ruh. John A. The Country Doctor Museum. Bailey. Gayle. Shaker Community. Ann Arbor. Mich..C. Faith H. Tullie Smith House Restoration.

azoricum. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. officinalis. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. A. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. E. barbadensis A. Myrrhis odorata. Narcissus triandrus. A. C. maritima L. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L.

M. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. G. S. melongena var. Monarda didyma Crataegus. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Solanum aculeatissimum S. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. laevis Rhododendron . V. officinalis. albula A. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. P. V. ludoviciana var. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. F. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Lamium album Viburnum. officinalis Populus. podagraria Asparagus A. grandiflorus Melissa M. P. acerifolium. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. false Galium aristatum. lycopersicum.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. M. coronaria . alpina 'Alba' A. Mertensia virginica. B. chrysantha Symphytum S. angustifolia.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. P. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. oleracea. deltoides Campsis radicans. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. vulgaris A.

alpinum R. maculatum G. verna. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . angustifolia. N. ioensis Vaccinium. M. pseudonarcissus miniature N. coronaria. B. M. V. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. sativum R. alpinum R. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. V. macrocarpon. B.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Italian D Daffodil M. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. C. Campsis Cardamine pratensis.

acetosa. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Ferocactus latispinus. Hosta H. rivieri. Sansevieria.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. obtusifolius R. C. lilioasphodelus. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. T officinale Bellis. D. R. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. x superbum Hemerocallis. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. H. R. A. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. lilioasphodelus H. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. crispus. frutescens C. triphyllum . obtusifolius Rumex R. A.

Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Gnaphalium. Senecio cineraria. N. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . damascena. arvensis. C. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Antennaria. pungens Sambucus S. N. Lychnis coronaria. gymnocarpa. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. C. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. S. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Helichrysum. N. Centaurea cineraria. azoricum Nigella. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. ragusina.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

carica F. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. I. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. versicolor. O. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. carica Corylus C. perenne . I. usitatissimum L. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. Osmunda. P.× germanica I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. A. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. L. regalis Adiantum.

odoratissimum P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × germanica Myosotis M. tuberosum A. sphaerocephalum A. sativum var. quercifolium P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . purpurea D. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. I. × limoneum P. × hortorum P. scorodoprasum A. neapolitanum A. sylvatica Digitalis D. P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. lanata D. Pelargonium. grossularioides P radens P. Fumaria C. lutea Allium sativum A. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P.

quercifolium P. glutinosum. × jatrophifolium P. graveolens P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. tomentosum P. × citrosum P. P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. denticulatum P. Tragopogon. T. A. A. T. Z. officinale Z. canadense T. canadense. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. chamaedrys T. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. capitatum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. tomentosum P. × nervosum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. scabrum P graveolens P. pratensis . crispum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium.

trifolia Cordyline terminalis. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. nervosa V. M. torquata E. Vitis monticola. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. C. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. Oxalis deppei. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . C. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. V.

golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. G. C. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lythrum. triacanthos G. majalis Liriope. L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Pulmonaria . virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. W. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Ophiopogon L.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia.

erecta T. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. A. erecta M Mace. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. patula Calendula officinalis T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. M. grandiflora M. erecta T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. alcea var. lucida . C. M. Malva. pedatum Hibiscus. Malva. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. tenuifolia T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. citrata. Astrantia. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. citrata M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . suaveolens M. majorana O. odorata Achillea millefolium. dictamnus O. × piperita var. × piperita var. vulgare O. majorana O. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. piperita var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. major. requienii M. vulgare O. onites O. citrata M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. vulgare 'Aureum' O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata M. R. A. S. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. crispii M. Spiraea alba. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. aquatica var.

Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Myrtus. Myrrhis odorata. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. rubra M. × gentilis M. communis. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. olympicum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. V. Umbellularia californica. lactiflora Morus M. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . A. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. vulgaris A. thapsus V. alba Verbascum. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. M. Azolla caroliniana.

poeticus N. V. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. V. majus T. tazetta Tropaeolum T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. P. nudum. album L. L. minus T. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia.

bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. cepa. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. florentina. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Scilla verna. fistulosum A. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. S. fragrans Allium. vulgare var. cepa. cepa A. O. A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. telephium Iris × germanica var. fragrans O. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. fistulosum Atriplex. C. I. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. A. Castilleja californica. hortensis A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Proliferum Group A.

neopolitanum Pastinaca. crispum P. A. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. crispum var. A. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. pulsatilla Passiflora P. P. patens.

Piper C. Longum Group cone green C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. annuum. C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. frutescens C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. retroflexus. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. C. A. paniculata P. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. C. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. album Ranunculus ficaria .Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Chenopodium. Longum Group C. C. annuum. C. roseus C. Grossum Group C. C. P frutescens Catharanthus.

angustifolia var. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. umbellata var. P. Plantago P. Prunus japonica. C. plumarius. umbellata var. C. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. taeda P. Silene laciniata. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. nigra P strobus P taeda P. gratianopolitanus D. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. × paradisiaca. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. M. P salicina P angustifolia. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. alpinus D. caryophyllus D. taeda Chimaphila. watsonii P maritima P. plumarius D. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. officinalis Dianthus D. americana .

S.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. carnea Phytolacca americana P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. biennis P. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. 0. rhoeas P. L. vulgare Lithospermum. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. Liriodendron tulipifera P. balsamifera P. E. P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > .

C. pepo C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. R. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. rhabarbarum R. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. coccineum C. Diplotaxis. canadensis C. A. P. Hesperis . C. sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris.

chinensis 'Minima' R. moschata . gallica R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rubus coronarius R. centifolia R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. canina R. spinosissima R. damascena 'Bifera' R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. sativa Rosa R. Rosa chinensis R. canina. damascena R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. R. × harisonii R. × borboniana R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. banksiae R. × borboniana Kerria. laevigata R. × borboniana R.

clevelandii S. Salvia hierosolymitana . angustissimus R. × rehderana R. guaranitica S. greggii S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. Rosmarinus. azurea subsp.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. caerula. officinalis Limonium R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. sclarea S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. officinalis S. microphylla S. setigera R. pitcheri S. rugosa R. R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp.

neapolitana S. S. virens. guaranitica S. viridis S. Salicornia. chamaecyparissus S. T. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. leucophylla S. C. montana Scabiosa S. leucantha S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. maritimum E. halimus Crithmum maritimum.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. marilandica Amelanchier . maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. elegans S. S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. chamaecyparissus S. S. hebecarpa. A. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. P. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina.

canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A.

coggygria.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. G. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. C. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. V. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. americana. P. C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. P. nivalis Lamium album. biflorum . Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. coggygria Cotinus. coggygria C.

crassipes O. Ornithogalum arabicum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. japonica Sorbaria. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. patulum. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. acetosa. L. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. S. V. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. officinalis thyme-leaved V. scutatus R. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. H. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. pyrenaicum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. O. E.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . R.

crispum T. C. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. O.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. incana M. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. O. chiloensis F. vulgare var. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. T vulgare T. incana M. vulgare var. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. floridus Philadelphus . Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca F. vesca F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. M. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. dracunculus var. perennis. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum.

marianum S. Silybum marianum S. maritima Thymus. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. arcticus T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . sativus Cirsium Cnicus. T. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. marianum S. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. phaenopyrum C. pallasianus T. A. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. praecox subsp. 'Argenteus' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. benedictus. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. × citriodorus T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. 'Clear Gold' T. sylvestris D. C. E. laevigata Eupatorium. praecox T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T.

Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. P. praecox subsp.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. lycopersicum var. C. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. lycopersicum var. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. L. P. I. sanctum O. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. alata Lycopersicon. Coreopsis Linaria. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Physalis peruviana L. noli-tangere. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. peruviana P. sanctum Tulipa T. pruinosa. cerasiforme. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . lycopersicum L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco.

Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. longifolia Chamaelaucium. odorata V. caeruleum Clematis. C. C. officinalis Polemonium. V. cornuta 'Alba' V. odorata V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. P. canina. caprea . Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. V riviniana Viola odorata V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. Chimaphila. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. cornuta V.

camphorata A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. S. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. V. annua A. W. nudum Isatis I. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. caprea. Corydalis sempervirens A. gmelinii A. frigida A. Gaultheria procumbens. absinthium A. verticillata Chimaphila. pontica. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Vanilla barbellata A. I. ambrosioides Artemisia. Stachys .

× media 'Hatfieldii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. simplicissima Cladrastis. C. taygetea A. filipendulina A. I. lutea. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . vomitoria I. × media 'Hicksii' T. millefolium A. X. tomentosa Ilex cassine. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. ageratum A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot.

.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. monkshood flowering maple. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant.. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . breviflora A. fragrant g. Indian mallow. fennel g. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. butter-print. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. ageratum A. cana A. calamus Adiantum A. sanguinary. h. thousand-seal. foeniculum Agave A. lion's tail anise hyssop. fourcroydes sweet flag. h. five-finger f. calamus maidenhair fern. Indian mallow China jute. maidenhair fern.. alpinus Aconitum A. blue giant hyssop. theophrasti Acacia A. monkshood helmut flower. yarrow sneezeweed. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. taygetea A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. napellus Acorus A. pedatum Agastache A. millefolium A. longifolia Achillea A. maidenhair American maidenhair. parlor m. nose-bleed.

. githago Ajuga A. schoenoprasum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. ciboule. tree o. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. senescens var. flavum A. reptans Alcea A. ophioscorodon A. christophii A. Japanese bunching o. garlic rocambole. vulgaris Allium A. giganteum A. scorodoprasum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. sativum A. Spanish o. ostrowskianum A. sativum var. eupatoria Agrostemma A. purple c. neapolitanum A.. sisal hemp. Pulchellum A. alpina A. hemp plant agrimony. serpent garlic chive. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. fistulosum A. cive. moly A. rosea Alchemilla A. two-bladed o. flowering o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. schnittlauch giant garlic . Rosenbachianum A. karataviense A. cocklebur.A.. sisalana Agrimonia A..

pulsatilla Anethum A. canadensis Amsonia A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. juneberry. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. Barbados a. hupehensis var. blanda A. japonica A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. officinalis Amaranthus A. Oriental garlic . tinctoria Anthriscus A. white m.. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. Curasao a. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. shad. shadbush. barbadensis Aloysia A. caudatus Amelanchier A. sphaerocephalum A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. cerefolium chervil angelica.glaucum A. officinarum Anchusa A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. tuberosum Aloe A. garlic c. bugloss windflower. officinalis Anemone A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. bugloss alkanet. round-headed garlic Chinese chive.. archangel.. marschalliana A. triphylla Althaea A. medicinal a.

alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens A. graveolens var.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry. chrysantha A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.

uva-yrsi Arisaema A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. creashak green-dragon. annua A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . albula A. old man southernwood absinthe. europaeum A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. sandberry. canadense A. stewardsonii Armeria A. gmelinii A. pink or white horseradish. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. mugwort. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. triphyllum subsp. triphyllum A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. hog cranberry. rusticana Artemisia A. frigida A. wormwood southernwood. virginicum bearberry.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. sea pink thrift. kinnikinick. dracunculus var. maritima Armoracia A. lactiflora A. asarabacca wild ginger. mealberry. mountain box. bear's grape. Ludoviciana var. red cole sagebrush. dracontium A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. sativa A. camphorata A. arborescens A. pontica A.

vulgaris Beta milkweed. s. wild indigo. papyrifera Boehmeria B. wild blue i. tuberroot. talewort. saltbush orach. silkweed.Asclepias A. China grass borage borage. Chinese silk plant. orach sea orach. vulgaris. cool-tankard cole. i. nivea Borago B. upland cress winter cress. australis B. s. B. c. plains f. mountain spinach false indigo.. rattleweed winter cress. yellow r. garden o. jaundice berry. perennis Berberis B. mustard . pleurisy root. rocket. vulgaris Bellis B. ruby s. tinctoria Barbarea B. piprage beet swiss chard. butterfly flower butterfly weed. c. c. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. wild indigo blue false indigo. officinalis Astrantia A.. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. major Atriplex A. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. halimus A. c. hortensis B Baptista B. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. tuberosa Asparagus A. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. ruby s.

microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. koreana B. strawberry s. pineapple s. carpatica C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . sempervirens B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice.. white-flowered k. officinalis Calycanthus C. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. eruca B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. microphylla 'Nana' B. floridus Campanula C.. grandiflora Calendula C.B. microphylla var.

p. o. p. C. o. red p. bell p. o. o. sweet pepper. green p. p. p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o. p. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. chili p. crown plant trumpet creeper. s. s. rapunculus Campsis C. p. trumpet vine.. o. o. pimento sweet pepper s. p.. persicifolia C. o.C. trumpet flower.. p. green p. < previous page page_147 next page > . p.. s. cow-itch. p.

. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. chili p.. canariensis Cedrus C. deodara Celosia C. Tabasco-sauce p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. frutescens Carthamus C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. majus Chelone cayenne p. senna. marilandica Catharanthus C. red p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. bastard s.... roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. carvi Carya C. false saffron. garden c. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. celandine celandine turtlehead. snakehead . cristata Cercis C. nobile Chelidonium C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. shellbark h.. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. tinctorius Carum C. illinoinensis C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. Tabasco p. capsicum p. Madagascar periwinkle. Russian c. ovata Cassia C.

alecost pyrethrum. rattletop black cohosh. umbellata Chionanthus C. Dalmatia p. Robert Brydon' C. coccineum C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Chinese dwarf 1. balsamita C. leather flower. parthenium C. bonus-henricus C. ambrosioides C.. ladanifer Citrus C. American w. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. × superbum Cichorium C. pigweed Mexican tea. crispus C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. old-man's-beard costmary. × jouiniana 'Mrs. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. virgilia virgin's bower. leather flower. feather geranium.. glabra Chenopodium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. lutea Clematis C. racemosa Cistus C. wormseed.. barbe-de-capuchin. wintergreen. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. botrys Chimaphila C. intybus Cimicifuga C. Meyer 1. fat hen ambrosia. Spanish t.C.. devil's-darning- . red-leaved chicory bugbane. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. wax flower. frutescens C. leucanthemum C. pyrethum. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. virgin's bower. dwarf 1. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. cinerariifolium C. mint geranium.

red haw hawthorn English h. majalis Convolvulus C. autumnale Comptonia C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. trifolia Coreopsis C. thorn apple. sativum Cornus C. florida Corylus C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. quick-set. smoke plant. laevigata C. Chinese parsley dogwood. orientalis Convallaria C. smokebush. Venetian sumac. coggygria Cotoneaster C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle .needle Cnicus C. arkansana C.. smokebush smoke tree. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. thorn. benedictus Coix C. apiculatus Crataegus C. cneorum Coptis C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. ambigua C. peregrina Consolida C. avellana Cotinus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander.

speciosus 'Albus' C.C. angustifolius C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. sempervirens Cydonia C. maritimum Crocus C. scoparius C.. speciosus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur.. × allwoodii D. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . phaenopyrum Crithmum C. sativus C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. kotschyanus C. West Indian 1. citratus Cytisus C. sieberi C. gracilis Dianthus D. oblonga Cymbopogon C. tomasinianus Cupressus C.

lanata D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . 'White Lace' Dicentra D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. burning bush. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. gas plant.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. carnation. sativus D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. sylvestris Doronicum D. grandiflora D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. Simkins' 'Nanus' D.

× youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. blueweed. maritimum Eschscholzia E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. perfoliatum E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. Japanese medlar. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell.. b. sea holm. plum eryngo sea holly. pungens Eleocharis E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. J. dulcis Endymion E. viridis Epimedium E. S. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. vulgare Elaeagnus E. arvense E. sea eryngo California poppy C. epimedium barrenwort. hyemale Eranthis E. californica Eucalyptus E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E.E. japonica Eryngium E. Australian gum. poppy eucalypt. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. gum tree. rugosum v. jacinth. torquata Euonymus E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . ironbark.

assafoetida Ficus F. vulgare var. chiloensis F. a.s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. vulgare F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. alpine s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. a. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare F. a. ulmaria F. cyparissias F Ferula F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. sow-teat s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.Euphorbia E.s.s. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. major Fragaria F. vulgare subsp. finocchio. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . imperialis Fumaria F.

verum Gardenia G. mollugo G. Carolina yellow j. mock p. nivalis Galium G. gardenia. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. red Robin . pulegioides American pennyroyal. mountain tea. spotted c. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. our-lady's-b.. germanica G. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. field balm. Carolina jessamine Genista G. hederacea Gleditsia G. robertianum Glechoma G. runaway robin.F. checkerberry.. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium.. virginiana Hedeoma H. vernalis H. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. triacanthos Gossypium G. false baby's-breath woodruff. honey locust. teaberry. hexapetala G Galanthus G. Carolina jasmine G. cleavers white bedstraw. woodroof yellow bedstraw. sweet w. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. woodwaxen. ground ivy. odoratum G. maculatum G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. alumroot herb Robert.. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. Capejasmine wintergreen. wild c. tinctoria Geranium G. dyer's greenweed..

< previous page page_149 next page > .

petiolatum Heliotropium H. Deccan h. atrorubens H. angustifolium H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. Chinese hibiscus. mallow. Deckaner h. cannabinus H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. bimli j. matronalis Hibiscus H. arborescens Helleborus H. curry plant false licorice.. daylily . helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. blacking plant plantain lily.. giant m. Hawaiian h. glabra Hesperis H.. lilioasphodelus H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. foetidus H. rose m. sweet r. lividus subsp.. turnsole heliotrope. bimlipatum j. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket.. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. garland 1. bastard jute. flavescens Helenium H. hibiscus kenaf. rose-of-China. × luteola Herniaria H. China rose.. licorice plant heliotrope. lemon d. niger H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. Indian hemp. corsicus H.

sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. box-leaved h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. box-leaved h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. asiatica Hypericum H. orangeroot. I. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. lupulus Hydrangea H.-John's-wort St. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. patulum 'Sungold' H. navelwort gotu kola St. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. perforatum Hyssopus H. European h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. quercifolia Hydrastis H.-John's-wort St.H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. white h. rose h. horned h. Burford's holly Japanese holly.. crenata var. . paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.

fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. opaca I.. tinctoria Inula I. chinensis var. water f. glabra I. crested dwarf i. pseudacorus Isatis I. crested i. florentina I.. 'Great Lakes' I. yellow flag. jewelweed.. wilsonii Impatiens I. horizontalis creeping j. × germanica var. helenium Ipomoea I. capensis Indigofera I. maculata J Jasminum J. spotted t. tinctoria Ixia I. African corn lily corn lily orris. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. woad dyer's woad. vomitoria 'Nana' I. cristata I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. alba Iris I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I.I. J. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. officinale Juniperus J. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. snapweed. touch-me-not jewelweed. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam.

angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. carnea Brazilian-plume.. dumb nettle.. white d. brandegeana shrimp plant J. maculatum L. album L.Justicia water willow J. dentata L. angustifolia subsp. d. nobilis Lavandula L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. paradise p. bay.. n. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L.. n. sweet bay laurel. plume plant. dentata var. indica Lamium L. angustifolia L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. plume flower. flamingo p.

heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.

candidum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. officinale Ligustrum L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. blue cardinal flower . muscari Lobelia L. marsh rosemary. aestivum Levisticum L. pepperwort. lovage privet. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. perenne L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. chalcedonicum Limonium L. sativum Leucojum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. benzoin Linum L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. summer s. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. leonurus Leontopodium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. hedge plant privet.. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.

water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. lycopersicum var. flava L.. vulgaris Lythrum L. coronaria L. silver-dollar. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. honesty. virginiana sweet alyssum. moonwort. sempervirens Lunaria L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. lycopersicum var. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . money plant. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. campion. cordata Magnolia M. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. coronaria 'Alba' L. grandiflora M. coral h. catchfly mullein pink. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. stellata M. penny f. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle.L. annua Lychnis L. europaeus Lysimachia L. maritima L. gypsywort. satin flower honesty. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L.

aquatica M. lemon m. b. requienii M. pineapple m. longifolia M.. 'Eau de Cologne' M.. angustifolia M. pennyroyal Corsican m. × piperita M. sweet b. bee b. × piperita var. Brampton stock. × gentilis M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. pulegium M. Virginia c.. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. gillyflower. incana Melissa M. blue barberry apple. imperial stock balm lemon b. citrata M.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. 'Guiding Star' M. apple m. American crab. lungwort bluebells. hupehensis Malva M. white h.Mahonia M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. stock stock. alcea var. menthella. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. fastigiata Marrubium M. officinalis Mentha M.. incanum M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. cowslip. Virginia b.. horsemint peppermint orange mint. musk m. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. holly mahonia. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. bergamot m. bluebells. Oregon g. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.. curly m. Scotch m. vulgare Matthiola M. holly g. holly barberry... mountain g. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. horsemint .

myrrh. fistulosa M. red m. banana abaca. Swedish m. punctata Montia M. American m. white b. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. white bee balm pink b. textilis Myosotis M. sweet cicely. odorata Myrtus M.. Manila hemp forget-me-not. b. sylvatica Myrica M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. candleberry. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle.M. winter purslane. b. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. Greek myrtle. pink b. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. fistulosa var. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. Oswego tea. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. anise. b. menthifolia M. swamp c. citriodora M.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

golden hardhack. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . heal-all. pasture b. domestica P. brake. pensylvanica P. maritima P. brake bracken. five-finger shrubby c. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. granatum Pyrus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. cowslip self-heal self-heal. vulgaris Prunus P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. persica Pteridium P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. balsam p. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. tacamahac cinquefoil. hog-pasture b. angustifolia P.. trifoliata Populus P. hackmatack. sand p. lungwort blue 1. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. Americana P.Poncirus P. aspen. all-heal salad burnet. elatior P. nepalensis P. Jerusalem sage... veris Prunella P. hardy orange poplar. widdy shrubby c.

canina R. gooseberry alpine c. cabbage r.. Bourbon r.. garden c. eglanteria R. mountain c. crowfoot lesser celandine. sweetbrier French r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant.. garden r. × borboniana R. sativum Rosa R. rose. dog r. typhina Ribes R. 'Cinderella' R. small c. moss r. . York-and-Lancaster r. banksiae R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. luteola Rhamnus R. stellata R Ranunculus R. pilewort mignonette weld. fairy r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. eglantine. pygmy r. pie plant. alpinum R. red currant. brier Banksia r. ficaria Reseda R... purshiana Rheum R. moss r.. gallica damask r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. brier r. autumn damask r. chinensis 'Minima' R. dog b.Quercus Q. China r. dyer's rocket rhubarb.

. sorrel. acetosa R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. chinquapin r. garden sorrel broad dock. obtusifolius R. Turkestan r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. Japanese r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. burnet r. laevigata R. spinosissima R. rugosa R. × harisonii R. French sorrel rue . bitter d. dock s. Harison's yellow r. Cherokee r. snowdwarf memorial r... × rehderana R. setigera R. wichuraiana R. golden p. hirta Rumex R. madder bramble blackberry. chestnut r. musk r. tinctorum Rubus R. prairie r. angustissimus R. polyantha r. climbing r. 'Schneezwerg' R. roxburghii R. Scotch r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. prostrate rosemary. moschata R. rosemary white r. climbing r. r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. rosemary pine-scented r.'Officinalis' R..

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bloodroot rue . s. argentea S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. garden s. purple sage baby sage garden sage. elderberry American e. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. guaranitica S. leucophylla S. bloodroot red puccoon. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. caprea Salvia S. involucrata S. greggii S. canadensis willow. osier goat willow. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. variegated garden s. American e. leucantha S. s. microphylla S. golden g. caerula S. purple variegated garden s. sclarea S. Mexican bush s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. pussy willow sage. clary annual clary elder. viridis Sambucus S. elegans S. gray sage. purple g. clevelandii S.

esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. hortensis S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. marianum Sium S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S.. hemp plant snake plant. skirret potato vine eggplant.Sanguisorba S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. Mary's t. morganianum S. devil's tongue. sisarum Solanum S. neapolitana S. trifasciata Santolina S. telephium Sempervivum S. lucky plant. St. canadensis Sansevieria S. officinalis Sassafras S. pincushion flower pincushions. live-forever houseleek. blessed t. mourning-bride stonecrop. albidum Satureja S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. good-luck plant. jasminoides S.. virens Saponaria S. mad apple . pinnata S. sweet s. orpine donkey's tail orpine. atropurpurea Sedum S. live-forever houseleek. hen-and-chickens... melongena var. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. roof h. milk t. tectorum Silybum S.

patula melongene. americana Stachys S. officinale S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. woundwort lamb's-ears. byzantina S. officinale Syringa S. reticulata var. lutea Stokesia S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. laevis Symphytum S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. grandiflora S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. lilac . erecta marigold African m. vulgaris 'Addie V. laciniata Persian lilac S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. hedge nettle. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g..'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S.. × persica var. Aztec m. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. californica Sorbaria S. big m.

tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. filifolia T. . yew conical y. crispum Taraxacum T. dwarf m. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. dense y. lemon t. lucida T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. culinary golden lemon t. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. canadense T. occidentalis Thymus T. upright y. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. germander American g. wood sage germander dwarf.. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. 'Argenteus' T. vulgare var. columnar y. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. procumbent g. signet m. carnosus T. officinale Taxus T. sweet mace French m. vulgare T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. tansy tansy. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. marum Thuja T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. fruticans T...T.

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herba-barona T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. not culinary French t. glabrescens T. odorus t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. richardii subsp. praecox T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. zygis Torenia T. .< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. red c. serpyllum T. pallasianus T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. lemon t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls... crimson c. t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. woolly thyme creeping t. creeping t. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. doerfleri T. confederatej. lanatum Trifolium T. nummularius T. t. pratensis Trichostema T. caraway t. wishbone flower. praecox subsp. nitidus T. leucotrichus T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. romero clover red clover star jasmine.

majus T. velvet p. cranberry. 'General de Wet' T. thapsus Veronica V. minus Tsuga T. tarda T. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. speedwell. blueberry. laevifolium Valeriana V. 'Sweet Harmony' T. canadensis Tulipa T.. mullein mullein. Indian cress dwarf n. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. species t.Tropaeolum T. dioica V Vaccinium V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. kaufmanniana T. officinalis V. nettle stinging n. tall n. early. 'Blizzard' T.. angustifolium var. serpyllifolia nasturtium. pale yellow Darwin t. squill. bitter Indian garden n. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. farfara U Urginea U. blattaria V. clusiana T. officinalis Verbascum V. red s. water-lily t. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. olympicum V. flannel plant. tawny orange t. maritima Urtica U. huckleberry. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. .

lutea 'Splendens' V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. possum haw . carlesii V. cassinoides V.. heartsease pansy. minor Viola V. canina V. running m. × wittrockiana Vitis V.. nannyberry. prunifolium Vinca V. sweet h. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. myrtle. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. zizanioides Viburnum V. withe-rod vetiver. heartsease. violet dog violet horned v.. khus-khus. sheepberry. ladies-delight. maple-leaved viburnum. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. acerifolium V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. tricolor V.Vetiveria V. lesser p. arrowwood.

Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. Adam's-needle.

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