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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Their energy and charm caught me up. and I have had the pleasure of advising. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. It needs no sequel. with sparkling enthusiasm. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. seven years ago. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. carefully chosen. whether all their labor was to no avail. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. punching. responded with delight. Again they revised. Then. and record every detailall of the failures.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Ginny had done some writing. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. more of them exist to serve as examples. This was not to be. With false starts and honest stops. bereft of hope. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. build it. and the experience provided the final section of the book. successes. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and the publisher. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . This they did. The turning point came when. alterations. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. for they had no model and no guide. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. wheedling. pushing. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. especially poetry. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose.
as in Rosmarinus officinalis. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. former generic names. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. We. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Not all plants used are herbs. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. A range of essential factors is considered herein. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Some of these were created by landscape architects. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. historical interest. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. without accompanying commentary. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Italics are always used for botanical names. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. . To achieve this. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. The herb garden designs alone. and these are capitalizedfor example. we completed a test garden. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. specialty. the authors. 1969 and 1980. while others were prepared by landscape designers. English thyme. Likewise. degree of maintenance required. rather. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. and educational purpose. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. or by contributors. by their owners. although countless common names exist. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens.
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which made possible the completion of our text. former director of same. Rady. Wanda Ritchie. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. always encouraging us to stay with our project. and Elizabeth Bryce. The late Raymond C. Lee Buss. has given us valuable information.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. Keebler and the late Everest P. Alexander Apanius. too. has been especially helpful over the years. and the horticulturist. FAITH H. Special thanks are due James C. Derthick. past presidents. A lecturer on herbs. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. have also been of assistance. Swanson and Robert B.. His assistant. Jo Lohmolder. and Rexford Talbert. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. president. She has served. librarian. Trudi Bela. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Finally. Herbert J. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Isaacson. and August Frugé. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Genevieve Jyurovat. Eleanor Gambee. Richard T. Nell Neff. as expediter and typist. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . former managing editors. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. We are grateful to many.D. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Alice Skelsey. Susan Frugé. Betty Rea. Weatherhead. Recognition is due Robert B. M. and Joanna Reed. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. fences. and hedges will have been located. In order to create a fine garden design. As Henry Beston reflects. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. the north point will have been indicated. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. new plants. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Perennial herbs. "Not difficult to plan. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. and decisions must not be left to chance. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. or an abandoned. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Its interest is independent of flowers. and structures. new ways of seeing. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. temples of worship. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. a front dooryard. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. some of which are evergreen. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. to increase the value of the property. If no . As one constantly reinforces the other." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. partially excavated area. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. not at all difficult to maintain. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent." A good design does not "happen. lay out a plan of the property.
Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. Here. fences. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > . and hedges.
Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. too. other significant structures. and the driveway. In this example. measure to locate the house. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. Here. Other areas may require a smaller scale.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. too. In the absence of a survey map. Next. A deed description. to locate the house. measurements are in engineer's scale. but with all needed information. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. such as the one illustrated here. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. The object is to . will give the lot or acreage measurements.
roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. < previous page page_3 next page > . driveway. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. and parallel lines. The tools needed for drawing are few. triangleof inexpensive plastic. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. and unusual land features noted. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. lines at an angle. The smaller the scale.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. enclosures. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. paths. shrubs.
a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. yew. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. Upkeep. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. and holly. old smokehouse. With the plan on paper. greenhouse. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. In some cases. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. In the designs that follow. and stone. A toolhouse. In the absence of a structure. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. and hedges of hemlock. bayberry. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. One basic rule is the higher the wall. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. iron. or summer kitchen is ideal. gazebo. brick. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. garage. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. However.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. landscape timbers. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. yew. Styles are legion. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. but the results will confirm this course. cut stones. used for dry wall or masonry construction. At first. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. a temporary garden that may be changed later. such as bayberry. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. the garden design is most attractive. some deciduous and some evergreen. bricks. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Whatever the reason. so give them much thought. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. and rosemary. and their styles are countless. or pressure-treated lumber. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. In some climates. Generally. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Allow adequate room within the row. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. If desired. however. for reinforcing the design. . Lower cost is an advantage. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. painted. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Stained. or. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. if wood is the material of choice. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. elegant box. Where air circulation is much needed. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. When this reinforcement is understated. When used with a hedge. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. too. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. for example. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. whether it will be rocks. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. deeply evergreen. railroad ties. gray surfaces are found. as an example. annual painting is a necessity. If used. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Equally important is proportion. Gates are part of the enclosure. they can be made to order. or natural. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Rosemary. For example. holly. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. as in outdoor room dividers. Stone. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. box. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. it will seem too sparsely planted.
If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. awkward and unsafe. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . there is a necessary. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. Conversely.Steps When constructing steps. the steps created will be forever an annoyance.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. making the design more evident. too. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. for example. their use no less than comfortable. the greater the tread. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. It is a general rule that the less the riser. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Access paths. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. If groups are walking through. rosy pink. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. cost. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. however. because they are just that. . Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. The colors are various: terracotta. A width of four feet allows room for turning. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. but should be compatible with. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. There are. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. or red. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Paths must be ample. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. appearance. and maintenance. Step materials need not be the same as. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart.
A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast . lasting surface.
heather Chaenomeles speciosa. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. or trees to be considered. a soft-lead pencil in hand. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. If the garden is made up of separate beds. they should not shade the herbs too much. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. a result being hazardous footing. When they mature. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. shad Malus coronaria. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. too. shrubs. They are easily renewed as they break down. With these recommendations in mind. prepare a planting plan for each. is an enjoyable experience.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. bark or pine needles can be used. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. This. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. and many good references are available. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna.) To avoid having a slippery surface. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. serviceberry. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > .
allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. noting well their growth habits. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. such as the one illustrated here. Sept. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. 'Mount Hood daff. lemon thyme. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. too. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. for example. It needs. Artifacts As with other gardens. whether they are invasive or tall growing. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. one-half inch equals one foot. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. a focal point is customarily used. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. however. it is easily read and easily erased. Often this center of interest is a sundial. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. or whatever is best in your case. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. for example. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. Do use a soft-lead pencil. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus.
a niche of its own should be created. < previous page page_9 next page > . respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. Again. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. If a statue less than life-size is used. the height of a fence to the house. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
However. Except for two. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. that of good proportion.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. the designs have a decorative north point. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a stylized drawing of an ovary.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
lemon balm . lovage 17.Thymus praecox subsp. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. 26.A.Satureja montana.Origanum majorana. sativa. 1. a fence. or other structure. summer 23. 21. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. which is used here in relation to a garage.Melissa officinalis. A. bee balm 13. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Viola tricolor.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. The rules of symmetry are observed. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. With color and texture considered for contrast.S. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. Lavenders accent the front corners. arcticus 27.Allium 11. Foeniculum vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba.Galium odoratum. 16. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. sweet 25.Lavandula savory angustifolia. 4. The first number in each planting area is the key number. rose 24. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.L. dill cerasiforme. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. 7.Satureja hortensis. fennel 2.Pelargonium graveolens. 3.Lobularia maritima. Landscape Architect. 6. salad burnet 12. lemon 15. 14. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. 5. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma.Ocimum basilicum. 22.
Greek 28. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Salvia officinalis. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Origanum heracleoticum. chive 18. dwarf garden 20.Porrum Group. 19.8. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Petroselinum crispum var. costmary 'Albus'.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly parsley 10. leek 9. Pelargonium × limoneum.
12. 13. curly parsley sativa. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium schoenoprasum. 18.Monarda didyma. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. summer 10. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. as was done here. French tarragon 2.Satureja hortensis. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Lavandula angustifolia. . rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. lemon verbena 21. perhaps overgrown with weeds. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Foeniculum vulgare. 11. bush basil 3.Pelargonium graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. rose 19.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. 1. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Artemisia dracunculus var.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs. 17. white 20. 9. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Pelargonium tomentosum. Petroselinum crispum var.
English'.Origanum majorana. 16.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. English thyme dill 8.Heliotropium arborescens. 14. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Rosa eglanteria.Galium odoratum.salad burnet 6. eglantine 23. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Thymus × citriodorus.
rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.L.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.A. salad burnet 14. dill 2. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Japanese yew 17. however. parsley 5. .Mentha spicata.Petroselinum crispum. The garden is conveniently located. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Salvia officinalis. summer savory 11. lovage 15. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'.Satureja hortensis. Then the design might need to be expanded. 9. lemon thyme 10.Artemisia dracunculus var. 7.Chionanthus virginicus.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet marjoram 3.Poterium sanguisorba. however.Levisticum officinale. English thyme Greek oregano 4. garden sage 8. A. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. sativa.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Taxus cuspidata. spearmint 16. making the beds larger and the paths wider. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Origanum heracleoticum. 1.S. Even in limited space. Origanum majorana. The number in each planting area is the key number. The image would soon give way to other considerations. 13. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. and the plan could be used at a front door. still observing a scale.Allium schoenoprasum.
Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum.6. sweet basil chive 12. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .
Origanum majorana.Osmunda cinnamomea. leek Foeniculum vulgare. 7. 1. hop sativa. lemon thyme 28. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Stachys byzantina. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. Landscape Architect. cinnamon fern 4. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. sweet violet 16. summer 21. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. fennel 19.Polystichum acrostichoides.Convallaria majalis. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Asarum canadense. 25.Allium ampeloprasum. Dictamnus albus. Jacob's-ladder 3. garden sage 17. the challenge is obvious. lavender marjoram 2.Humulus lupulus.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . 8.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fraxinella 15. 6. 18. The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm 14. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.A. wild ginger 27.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Pulmonaria officinalis. 13. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. blue lungwort 26. 30.Teucrium chamaedrys.Primula vulgaris.Polemonium reptans. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Thymus × citriodorus. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. Christmas fern 5. The long. 33. This is an intimate garden. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. 32.Artemisia dracunculus var. 31. A. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.S. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 9. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. Viola odorata. yellow 29. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. salad 20.Digitalis grandiflora. Monarda didyma. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis.L. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.
French'. 35.lilac 10.Satureja montana. winter savory 24.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Buxus microphylla var. crispum.Galium odoratum. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . yellow bedstraw 23.Tsuga canadensis.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. French thyme woodruff koreana. Canada hemlock Standard'.Korean box 11.savory germander Willmott'.Petroselinum crispum var.Sorbus americana. sweet 34.Galium verum. curly parsley mountain ash 12.
this design can be an inspiration. To be placed near the kitchen. One of the beds.Rumex scutatus. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. it became part of the patio.Aloysia triphylla. 1. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. Even so. Italian parsley . devoted to a "yearly surprise. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. neapolitanum. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project.Salvia officinalis." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Origanum heracleoticum. dill 10. It is a pleasing.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. garden sage 20.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. geometric design. lemon verbena 2.Petroselinum crispum var. 19. Surprisingly. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.
borage 'Purpurascens'.3.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. winter savory 24. English thyme bush basil 8.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. garlic chive 26. Alpine strawberry 7. lemon basil 9. lemon balm cicely 6. curly parsley 22. chervil marjoram 21.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum majorana. basil sativa. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum 12. chive 25.Borago officinalis.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana. crispum.Allium tuberosum.Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Myrrhis odorata. purple basil 4. salad 15.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. sweet 14. 16. sweet 13.Poterium sanguisorba. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . summer savory 23.17. sweet 18.
so.Satureja montana. Created in an orderly way. winter 21. lamb's-ears 20.Lavandula angustifolia. 19.Pelargonium in variety. gray . so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. the work paths could be eliminated. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. The center beds here were established in this way. English thyme lemon thyme 11. it is full of interesting angles. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. purple basil 4. rosemary 3.Rosmarinus officinalis. D.Galium odoratum. green santolina 12. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. As a whole.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. geometric design. To increase the planting area. 1. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. it is an unusual. sweet 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Stachys byzantina.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.C.Santolina virens. sweet cicely 23. English lavender 10. blue 22.Myrrhis odorata. scented-leaf geranium 2.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Hyssopus officinalis. too. 14.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington.
Artemisia camphorata. horehound24. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . germander 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. clove pink 7.Dianthus caryophyllus. classic myrtle 9.Salvia officinalis.Ilex opaca. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Myrtus communis.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum. American southernwood holly 17. French thyme santolina 15.6. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys.
Calendula officinalis. rosemary 15. Its arrow points north and.Thymus praecox subsp. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. pot marigold 24. borage 23. sativa. blue hyssop 2.Borago officinalis.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. sweet woodruff 5. winter savory 16. sweet basil 4. tansy 25. which adds its impression of warmth. lemon balm 22. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. too. yarrow 12. Coix lacryma-jobi. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. purple basil 3. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. this herb garden is secluded. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. French tarragon 14.Chamaemelum . arcticus 21. gray santolina 13. Ocimum basilicum. Lavandula angustifolia. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. 1. English lavender 6. and if an herb garden is to be created at all.Artemisia absinthium. casts the shadow for the hour. Job's tears 11. Achillea millefolium. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Satureja montana. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Artemisia dracunculus var.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Sometimes space is limited. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. absinthe 26. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. This center of interest is of particular note.Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. Galium odoratum.
pineapplescented sage 9.Origanum majorana.Syringa. Salvia elegans. Salvia officinalis. white creeping thyme nobile. sweet 29. chive 18.7. costmary 'Albus'.Origanum vulgare. wild marjoram 28. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. variegated garden sage 8.Symphytum officinale. scented-leaf 27.Carya illinoinensis. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . chamomile 17.Chrysanthemum balsamita. marjoram pecan 10. comfrey20. garden sage 19.Pelargonium in variety.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.
lovage 22. 30. Anthriscus cerefolium.Allium sativum. summer 32. rose geranium 2. horehound 33. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. sweet 34. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. dill 20. parsley 17. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Melissa officinalis. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 8. chervil 15. 3. When controlled in this way. 18.Satureja hortensis. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. 9. hyssop Meyer lemon . 5.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. blue 23.Pelargonium graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. 29. garlic Levisticum officinale. French sorrel 21. 36. 1.Apium graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var.Origanum majorana. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. 6. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 19.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Ruta graveolens. true ginger16.Salvia officinalis. 4. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Galium odoratum. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Teucrium chamaedrys. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Pelargonium × limoneum.Ipomoea alba. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. sativa. sunken into the ground. lemon balm 35. The more invasive ones. purple basil Zingiber officinale. sweet cicely 37. rue 31. 7.Myrrhis odorata.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.
sweet basil 38.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum. Japanese yew 39.Origanum heracleoticum.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. dwarf nasturtium 13. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . spearmint 27.Aloysia triphylla.Poterium sanguisorba.Magnolia virginiana.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French thyme 24. bush basil 14. salad burnet 25.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. Greek oregano 12.Tropaeolum minus. English thyme 26.10. lemon verbena 11. lemonthyme 28.
< previous page page_22 next page > . whatever the reason. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. simplify!. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. a quick way to ensure good drainage. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. "Simplify.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. but. however.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Impatiens capensis.Mentha spicata. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . tansy 11. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. spearmint 21.Thymus praecox subsp. 12. balm sativa. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 26. parsley 2. lemon 22.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 25. summer basil savory 7. 1.The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Mentha x piperita.Melissa officinalis. 16.Petroselinum crispum.Satureja hortensis.Anethum graveolens.Lactuca sativa. 18. sweet 17.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium fistulosum. jewelweed24. 14.Lindera benzoin.Galium odoratum.Ruta graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. aloe Grossum Group. sweet 15.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. rue 20. dill 13. bell pepper 6. spicebush absinthe French'.Monarda didyma. arcticus.Aloe barbadensis. French tarragon 5.Tanacetum vulgare. lettuce 10. bee balm 19. peppermint 23.Hedeoma pulegioides.Capsicum frutescens. garden sage 3.Artemisia absinthium.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
horizontally laid bluestone. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. faced and capped with random.Teucrium chamaedrys. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. French thyme 2.Pelargonium in variety.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. Perovskia abrotanoides. germander 7. arcticus 14. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. A low wall of brick. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. encloses this plan. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. Thymus praecox subsp. Russian 13. too. 8. 1.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'.
mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Alchemilla vulgaris. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 3. white creeping thyme 5.Viburnum cassinoides.angustifolia. trumpet vine 16.Thymus praecox subsp. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Galium odoratum.Campsis radicans. lemon balm hyssop 12. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. St.Santolina neapolitana 4. blue 11.Hyssopus officinalis.Melissa officinalis. lemon thyme 10. arcticus 'Albus'.-John'swort 17. lady's6. witch hazel 18. crimson creeping thyme 9.Hamamelis virginiana.Thymus praecox subsp.
These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. However. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. holly. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. Although this is not a large garden. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. however. It is.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. box. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. the shrubsyew. lilac. < previous page page_28 next page > . arcticus and encloses the herb garden. Germander is a proper edging here. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . mantle chamomile 5.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. 23. sweet cicely17. classic myrtle 15. cottage pink 2.Chrysanthemum coccineum. florentina. Japanese holly 47.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'.Santolina virens. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Hyssopus officinalis. alpine strawberry 8. Thymus praecox subsp. 32. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. blue horehound hyssop 3. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. prostrate rosemary 13. fringed wormwood 16. shrubby cinquefoil 46. lamb'sears 35. fraxinella 33.Artemisia camphorata. sweet violet 19.Comptonia peregrina. dwarf crested iris 39. Heliotropium arborescens. columnal yew 43.Eloise & Jo Ray.Salvia sclarea.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia frigida. green 27. Viola odorata. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Chamaemelum nobile.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Iris cristata. Japanese yew 44. winter 29.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Ruta graveolens. Alchemilla vulgaris. arcticus 'Albus'. sweet albula. lavender 22.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray sage savory 14.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. lady's.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. crimson creeping thyme 31.Myrtus communis. orris 38. Japanese holly 42. Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Satureja montana. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Dictamnus albus. white hyssop 4.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 9.Iris × germanica var. Simkins'.Borago officinalis. 26. broom 40.Thymus praecox subsp. clary 30.Santolina pinnata 34. 12.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.20.Cytisus supinus. dwarf privet 48. 18. Mentha requienii.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. woolly thyme 7. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. dwarf box 41.Thymus praecox subsp. 21.Anemone pulsatilla. red creeping thyme 10. rue 6. Corsican 24. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. mint silver mound artemisia 25. Myrrhis odorata.Stachys byzantina. white creeping thyme 37. santolina alpine pink 28.Salvia leucophylla. 1.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Thymus praecox subsp. germander 36. lilac 45.Syringa patula.
This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. < previous page page_30 next page > . This hedge. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and a vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. an herb garden. Other paths are brick. a cutting garden. as is true here in the vegetable garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The direction a path takes can add interest. a running bond pattern. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. while adding to the enclosure of the area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge.
< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.S. .L. A. Landscape Architect.A.
Magnolia virginiana.Ribes alpinum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. blue iris 9.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. 52. lavender 18. germander 39.The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow epimedium 15.Santolina virens.Hemerocallis × luteola.Galium odoratum. fraxinella 26. lemon thyme 40. Achillea taygetea.Stachys byzantina. yellow 24. 53. green santolina 42.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Origanum heracleoticum. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Satureja hortensis. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. summer 34. 37. Louise'. double white peony of-Persia 12. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.Tulipa 'General de Wet'.Polystichum acrostichoides. cottage pink French'. Campanula persicifolia. garden sage 56.Allium christophii.Helleborus niger.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. Aquilegia chrysantha. 50. lemon 29. yellow 35.Hyssopus officinalis. Christmas 48.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. Stokes' aster 31. verbena rose chive 11. dill wishbone flower 5. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. 14. 1. bush basil 41. blue hyssop 43.Aloysia triphylla.Limonium latifolium.Artemisia dracunculus var. clary 46. white 'Bouquet'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. 22. winter savory 44. sweet marjoram 45. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. sativa.Origanum majorana. candytuft Standard'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. Anethum graveolens 23.Satureja montana.Pelargonium in variety.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Digitalis grandiflora. lamb's-ears 49.Allium schoenoprasum. plantain lily 2.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. pale 28.Stokesia laevis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 32.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. statice Solemacher'.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Salvia officinalis. 47. Dictamnus albus.Rosa damascena savory crispum. Rosmarinus officinalis.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Thymus × citriodorus. York-andLancaster rose 16.Salvia sclarea.Teucrium chamaedrys. alpine strawberry 3. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. sweet 51.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . starsMaxima'. French thyme 7.Lilium candidum.Ocimum basilicum 54. blue 27. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. 55. French tarragon 8. helenium 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple basil Japanese holly 17.
Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. a retaining wall or walls are needed.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. < previous page page_32 next page > . as in this case. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house.
English 44. Ocimum basilicum. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.R.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Mentha spicata. lemon 22.Iris pseudacorus.Tanacetum vulgare var. lamb's25. The number in each planting area is the key number. 21. Stachys byzantina.A. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. 42.Thymus × citriodorus. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. 1. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. crispum. Melissa officinalis. Monarda didyma.A.Galium odoratum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Allium schoenoprasum. lady's43.Iris cristata. spearmint 41.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 23. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Landscape Architect. bee balm 24.Solanum pseudocapsicum. borage 26. .Viola odorata. lemon verbena 46.Aloysia triphylla. Borago officinalis. F.45. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.
Foeniculum vulgare.Quercus stellata. rue 51.Ruta graveolens. wild 39. 37. fennel 35.Allium tuberosum.Petroselinum crispum var.Origanum majorana.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Satureja hortensis.Mentha pulegium.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis.Vinca minor. mullein chive 47.Elaeagnus pungens. horehound neapolitanum.7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rosemary 9.Nepeta cataria.Verbascum thapsus. 52.Salvia elegans. southernwood 31. Poterium sanguisorba. Egyptian onion 11. 56.Capsicum frutescens.Mentha × piperita var.Anethum graveolens.Rosa × rehderana. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Petroselinum crispum var. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. leek 49. pineapple38. carpet bugleweed 8.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. garden sage 36.Cassia marilandica. Proliferum Group. pink hawthorn 16. French tarragon holly 13. Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium sativum. garlic chive 48.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. polyantha rose 12. tabasco senna pepper 20.Artemisia absinthium. 40. post crispum 'Banquet'.Allium ampeloprasum. orange mint 29. Greek 53. curly mint 30.Allium cepa. clove 55. savory sativa. flowering dogwood 15.Artemisia dracunculus var. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Dianthus caryophyllus. 33. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. curly parsley oak 17. absinthe English thyme 27.Cornus florida. 57.Crataegus arkansana.Origanum heracleoticum. catnip 50. pennyroyal 54. sweet marjoram 28. citrata. Ajuga reptans. dill 34. summer 32.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. myrtle 58. Porrum Group. salad burnet 10.Artemisia abrotanum.
It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. However. mothproofing bags. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. Although this is a northeast exposure. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. < previous page page_34 next page > . sleep pillows. and vinegars. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden.
Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .
dwarf nasturtium 37. Artemisia pontica.Monarda didyma.Levisticum officinale. pot 28. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. anise hyssop 14. round-headed garlic 46.Thuja occidentalis. garden 'Purpurascens'. 49. Petroselinum crispum var. purple basil sage 11.Salvia elegans.Pelargonium graveolens. lettuce in variety 25. crispum. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. daylily in variety 41. salad 22. 'President Poincare'.Allium moly.Iris × germanica var.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium sativum var.Hyssopus officinalis .Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. 'Monge'. 50. lemon 31. florentina.Satureja montana. Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf savory garden sage 13. Proliferum Group. bee balm 30. chive 43. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Allium pulchellum 47. Lactuca. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus × citriodorus.Allium sphaerocephalum.Tropaeolum minus.Pelargonium tomentosum.Agastache foeniculum. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. blue hyssop 35. tansy 16.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage 2. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Rosmarinus officinalis. French tarragon 10. lily leek 44. lemon 18.Ocimum basilicum 27. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. burnet lovage 6. French gray santolina sorrel 8. bay 48. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. 21.Hemerocallis.Calendula officinalis.Tsuga canadensis. lavender 7.Alchemilla vulgaris.Artemisia dracunculus var. Roman 20.Laurus nobilis. Ruta graveolens.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. 1. costmary 5. 24.Melissa officinalis. 19. Egyptian onion 42. southernwood 9. peppermint geranium 40.Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla.The number in each planting area is the key number. rue 26.Salvia oficinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata. nutmeg geranium 39.Allium cepa. 23.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. lemon verbena 36. winter 29. sativa. Hallock'. English finger-bowl geranium 38. orris 17.Galium odoratum. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Rumex scutatus.Valeriana officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Pelargonium fragrans. balm valerian 15.Tanacetum vulgare. lilac 32.
< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Invasive. < previous page page_36 next page > . is the focus of the middle level. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level.
valerian 5. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Marrubium vulgare.Satureja hortensis.Salvia elegans. fennel 25.Poterium sanguisorba. Digitalis purpurea. white thrift 24. sativa. dwarf winter savory 2. pineapplescented sage 47. thyme 3. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. houseleek 45.Foeniculum vulgare.Armeria maritima.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1. pineapple mint 22. summer savory 43. horehound 46. salad burnet 23. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. golden thyme .Thymus 'Clear Gold'. foxglove 4.Sempervivum tectorum. Valeriana officinalis.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon 44. bee balm 26.Monarda didyma.
38.Galium odoratum. clary 48. sweet 37. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. rue 31.Eranthis hyemalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. 61. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet basil sage 27.Ruta graveolens.Helleborus orientalis.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Symphytum officinale. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. 33. sweet 32. English 52. absinthe 53. pink 59. viper's 34. feverfew climbing rose 16.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Hyssopus officinalis. China rose comfrey 19. marigold chive 15.Calendula officinalis.Echium vulgare. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. dyer's woad 7.Artemisia absinthium.Galium verum. germander 56.Levisticum officinale.Sium sisarum.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'.Salvia viridis. arcticus 55. 54. pink 62. blue hyssop 57. Angelica archangelica.Chrysanthemum 36. skirret 60.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. angelica Lenten rose 10.Ocimum basilicum.Agrimonia eupatoria.Salvia officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. yellow 41.Lilium candidum. parthenium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. rosemary 28.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. pot 35.Laurus nobilis. garden 42.6. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Helleborus niger. fraxinella 8.Foeniculum vulgare. 30. annual clary 51.Crocus sativus.Myrrhis odorata.Lavandula angustifolia. dwarf edging box 21. lavender Christmas rose 11. white 58. French'.Origanum majorana. 39.Rosa eglanteria.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Isatis tinctoria.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Rosa chinensis. 40. white creeping thyme aconite 14. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. sweet 50. Dictamnus albus. Madonna cicely lily 12. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Anemone pulsatilla. Salvia sclarea.
Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and the shagbark hickory. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. However. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Carya ovata. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. There is variety in this plan. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. even though space is limited. < previous page page_38 next page > . Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton. Landscape Architect .
angelica Mondarda didyma. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. Marrubium vulgare. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. red mint . jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. stewardsonii.Galium verum. Poterium sanguisorba. box Buxus sempervirens. dogwood Salvia sclarea. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. valerian Rosa damascena. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet basil Satureja montana. Canada Isatis tinctoria. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. chive Ilex opaca. green santolina Primula veris. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. germander Agastache foeniculum. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. bee balm Melissa officinalis.Arisaema triphyllum. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. citrata. rue Cornusflorida. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. sativa. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. box Carya ovata. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. box Ruta graveolens. lamb's. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. Artemisia absinthium. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. Asarum canadense. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. Adiantum pedatum. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Aloysia triphylla. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. French Galium odoratum. flax Buxus sempervirens. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. borage Petroselinum crispum. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
However. An informal. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. first intended for the construction of a cottage. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. is on a sandy knoll. it is open on the side facing the house. A singular statue of St. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. this excavation. < previous page page_40 next page > . For this appearance. unplanned look was desired.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. too. A clump of birch here. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. a dipping pool there. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Satureja montana.Viola tricolor. 33. catnip 73. woolly thyme 13. 74.Mentha × gentilis. 77. 68. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. 31.Monarda fistulosa. orange geranium 11. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Digitalis purpurea.Pelargonium odoratissimum. 64.Myrrhis odorata.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. 79. celandine cicely 18.Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. 12.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. pennyroyal 46.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. Johnny-jump-up54.Satureja hortensis.Betula papyrifera. pot 66. feverfew 27. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Angelica archangelica. 34. 1.Rosa 'Merry England'.Nepeta cataria. rose geranium 10. 69. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Valeriana officinalis. 59.Origanum onites.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. rue 29.Origanum majorana. sea onion angelica 24.Armeria maritima. Artemisia dracunculusvar. garden sage lungwort 57.Coriandrum sativum. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 61.Artemisia abrotanum. white birch English lavender parthenium.Mentha spicata. 52.Hyssopus officinalis.Ajuga reptans.Anthriscus cerefolium. 32. 78. wild 43.Consolida orientalis. fern-leaf tansy 23.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. blue 2.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon balm 44.Chelidonium majus.Salvia officinalis.Thymus herba-barona. sweet 71.Marrubium vulgare. Iris × germanica var. Ruta graveolens.Mentha suaveolens. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Santolina florentina.Urginea maritima. 76. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Mentha pulegium.Chrysanthemum 80. 'Prostratus'. spearmint 45.Levisticum officinale. golden 37. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Melissa officinalis. marsh 42.Convallaria majalis.Petroselinum crispum. 70. thrift55.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 53.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Pelargonium graveolens. myrtle 14. bee balm . wild 51. 65.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Glechoma hederacea. Thymus praecox subsp.Digitalis grandiflora. winter savory 20. 63.Monarda didyma.Pulmonaria officinalis.Mentha × piperita. 75.Pelargonium crispum. lemon 35.The number in each planting area is the key number.Stachys byzantina.Tanacetum vulgare var. 30.Vinca minor.Origanum vulgare. creeping juniper 26. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 60. 67. chive crispum. 58. red mint 48. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Althaea officinalis. gray scented sage santolina 4. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 36. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. rose bergamot valerian 25. purple basil 9. Sempervivum tectorum.Thymus praecox subsp.Achillea tomentosa.Allium favum lovage 22.Pelargonium quercifolium. 72. mint 50. peppermint 47. French'.Pelargonium denticulatum. pineapple3.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. apple mint 49. 38. Thymus × citriodorus. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Pelargonium tomentosum.Lavandula angustifolia. 8. orris chamaecyparissus.Salvia elegans.Teucrium canadense.
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Foundation stone. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. Because of the edging box. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. < previous page page_42 next page > .< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. and the two small trees. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. making it more a part of the herb garden. the same as the smokehouse construction. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the accents of the six large box. is used for the wall. They are clustered around the smokehouse. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely.
A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.L.S.A. .
40. orange mint 19.Artemisia abrotanum. dwarf edging box 14. rosemary 3. pineapple mint 18.Lilium candidum.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. verbena English thyme 5.Buxus sempervirens.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Mentha requienii. lovage 46.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 34. winter 42. 47. crownbasil savory imperial 11. 27. purple basil sativa. 39.Ocimum basilicum 32. Corsican 33.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pulmonaria officinalis. Pelargonium graveolens. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > .Levisticum officinale. balm citrata. sweet 37. summer 25.Crataegus laevigata. 'Purpurascens'.Allium giganteum. 21. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. 22. lemon basil 15. box 'Citriodorum'. 44. 35. spearmint 48. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Chrysanthemum 28. species in variety crispum.Fritillaria imperialis. European ginger 4. lemon 36. Ocimum basilicum 24. Origanum majorana.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Satureja montana. lady's. blue angelica lungwort 20. Dictamnus albus. Satureja hortensis. fringed 43. Asarum europaeum. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var.Myrrhis odorata.Tanacetum vulgare var. bee balm 29.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. balsamita.Ocimum basilicum 30.Galium odoratum.Viola tricolor. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Ocimum basilicum. white 23.Prunus domestica. English 'Minimum'. Lavandula angustifolia. 41. fraxinella 17.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. sweet 26.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Allium schoenoprasum. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Mentha × piperita. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.38.Crocus. sweet marjoram 2.Angelica archangelica.Mentha × piperita var.Artemisia frigida. Symphytum officinale. sweet cicely45.Melissa officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Rosmarinus officinalis. 31.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Mentha spicata. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.
< previous page page_44 next page > . Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. a soil retainer. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. too. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. the dwarf box edging. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. although it is ample at four feet. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. pink of Dianthus. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. This is true also of the stone curbing. Lowgrowing. Instead. two specimen shrubs. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. This hedge. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. The dipping bowl. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium.
L. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. . A.S.
sweet 55. angel's-tears 59. marjoram crocus 7. white creeping thyme lovage 10. Madonna 63. arcticus 30.Thymus × citriodorus.Borago officinalis. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.The number in each planting area is the key number. 2.Thymus herba-barona. 17. lemon 33. 40.Crocus kotschyanus.Allium christophii. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 50.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. clary 32. tulip citrata.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Santolina virens.Leucojum aestivum. Thymus praecox subsp.Narcissus triandrus var. catmint 35. 'Lanuginosus'. spearmint 48.Thymus praecox subsp. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. lamb's-ears 28.Allium giganteum angelica 11. lily. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 46. Stachys byzantina. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 44. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Anemone blanda.Satureja montana.Salvia sclarea. 49. 58. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. arcticus 34. 45.Myrica pensylvanica.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Galanthus nivalis. sweet 47. Spanish bluebell 16. thyme 29.Nepeta mussinii.Aloysia triphylla.Tulipa clusiana.Crocus speciosus. 53. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Crocus angustifolius. 61.Dicentra spectabilis.Heliotropium arborescens. angustifolia 'Nana'.Pelargonium in variety. verbena snowflake 19. caraway thyme albus.57. rue25.Hamamelis virginiana.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Narcissus asturiensis.Sternbergia lutea. Thymus doerfleri. orange mint 8. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Mentha × piperita var.Galium odoratum. gray 22.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. golden thyme41. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Cimicifuga racemosa. 36.Teucrium canadense. winter savory 39. 1. 20. green santolina 37. 51. 52.Levisticum officinale. 54.Mertensia virginica. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Convallaria majalis.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. Origanum majorana.Crocus tomasinianus. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Mentha × piperita.Mentha spicata. prostrate rosemary 18. 56.Helleborus lividus subsp. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. 26.Angelica archangelica.Pelargonium in variety.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 27. borage 31. 43.Lilium candidum. Salvia officinalis.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. white 42. American 38. lemon 60.Digitalis grandiflora.Helleborus niger.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. black cohosh windflower 15. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Compactus'.
The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. The results have been most satisfying. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Morning sun warms it early. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Second. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. First. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . this herb garden was designed before the house was built. very livable and profoundly satisfying.
< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Salvia sclarea. English thyme 43. A.Apium graveolens. tulip 45. Ocimum basilicum. Artemisia absinthium 24. sweet basil 23. 1. lemon 21. wild celery 42.Crocus sieberi. Porrum Group. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Allium ampeloprasum. French tarragon 5. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium neapolitanum. garden sage 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. marigold 41. 'Lambrook Silver'. clary thyme 22. absinthe sativa. 26. woolly thyme 3.Salvia officinalis. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. crocus 44. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Tulipa tarda.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.S. leek 46. . Landscape Architect.Artemisia lactiflora. Origanum heracleoticum.A.L. Thymus × citriodorus. Beauty'. 25.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. The number in each planting area is the key number.
Viburnum plicatum Snow'. lemon 50.Santolina virens. viola holly 18.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia camphorata.Malus hupehensis. 32. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Aloysia triphylla.Digitalis grandiflora. butterfly 47.Dianthus × allwoodii.Achillea filipendula 60. 8.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. Viola odorata.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. monkshood upright yew 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage 34. sweet 37. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. Lavandula angustifolia. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dogwood 19.Aconitum napellus.Clematis 'Mrs. 58.Origanum majorana. 29.Nepeta × faassenii.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. green 40. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. American elderberry 15.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. white evergreen azalea 16. red currant gray santolina 13. catmint 53.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Dictamnus albus.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. 54. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Levisticum officinale. clematis 11.Crataegus phaenopyrum. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . American marjoram Yellow'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. pink 30.Cornus florida.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley 20.Stachys byzantina.Allium senescens var. Robert verbena Brydon'.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Tropaeolum minus.Asclepias tuberosa. yellow 55. blue 38. pale 49. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. 56.Ribes sativum. fraxinella 36.Ipomoea alba.Lobelia siphilitica. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. great 31.foxglove 7. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. weed chive 48. lamb's-ears 52. alpine 28.Galium mollugo. lobelia Sherbert'.Petroselinum crispum var.Ilex opaca. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. 39.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A birdbath of copper. repeats again the octagonal form. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. an impression of Sol in it. The four herb beds. even though the growing area is not extensive. are raised with bricks on edge. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . Well-drained as they are. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
peppermint 4.Petroselinum crispum var. silver mound artemisia 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Mentha spicata.Allium tuberosum. 42. 29. Artemisia absinthium.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. absinthe 20. sativa. 27.Lavandula angustifolia. Anethum graveolens. bush basil 23. French tarragon 7. crispum. golden variegated garden sage 38.Pelargonium crispum.Mentha × piperita. lavender pine geranium chive 13. Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium denticulatum.Nepeta mussinii. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium tomentosum.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. clove pink 10. lemon 39.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. lavender 15. gray 'Prince of Orange'. curly parsley 32. white creeping thyme 12. Galium odoratum.Santolina 25. rue 35. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Poterium sanguisorba. heliotrope 31.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Thymus praecox subsp. clary 21. Artemisia dracunculus var. 19.Pelargonium graveolens. purple basil 24. variegated garden sage 37.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Heliotropium arborescens. catmint 6.Joan E. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. French 26.Rosmarinus officinalis. 43.Salvia officinalis. English thyme horehound 2. dill 18. 28. sweet woodruff 9.Aloysia triphylla. spearmint southernwood 5.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 1.Ruta graveolens. lemon 30.Allium schoenoprasum. angustifolia. Artemisia abrotanum. Semple. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. thyme salad burnet 40.Lavandula dentata.Thymus × citriodorus. rosemary 33. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. lamb's-ears 17. purple variegated garden sage 36.Marrubium vulgare. sweet basil 22.Salvia sclarea. prostrate rosemary 34. curly mint 3. lemon 41. orange santolina geranium 11.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 16. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.
lemon verbena. A suitable fence. A birdbath may replace the pool. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. and lantana are a few. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. too. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. < previous page page_52 next page > . or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. if neither is available. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. rose geranium. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. a toolhouse. rose.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
lavender 3.Pelargonium frutetorum. crispum. green 12. geranium 16.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . gray santolina chamomile 14. zonal geranium 18.A.Origanum majorana. Landscape Architect. fern-leaf tansy 8. The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. 13.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. 9. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.L.Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon 10. rosescented geranium 17.Rosmarinus officinalis.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. white creeping thyme 2. 7.Heliotropium arborescens.Chenopodium botrys. verbena ambrosia 4. 1.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. lemon thyme 20. Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil 5. absinthe 'Minimum'.Artemisia absinthium 11. A.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.Aloysia triphylla. sweet santolina marjoram 6. heliotrope 21.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Albus'. woolly thyme 15.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.S. zonal geranium 19.Santolina virens.
mints. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. but the design itself has endured forty years. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. The dwarf box frames the focal point. box. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Box and holly enclose it all. artemisias. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. a deep mauve to others. apothecary's rose.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. As the snows melt. Angelica. the design is clearly traced. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. a sundial. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. These can easily obliterate a design. Hyssop hedges define the circles. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Pelargonium in variety. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Myrrhis odorata. green. clove pink 29.Iris × germanica var.Stachys byzantina. florentina. arcticus 39. Origanum majorana.Valeriana officinalis. orris 57.Helleborus niger.Sedum telephium. feverfew 14.Artemisia absinthium. orris box 22.63.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Helleborus atrorubens 12. fern-leaf tansy 5. germander 43.Pyrus communis. 55. Rosmarinus officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. southernwood 2. dyer's woad 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. wild 52. 62.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. piney 44. rue 23.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. perilla 51.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Monarda fistulosa.Reseda luteola. thrift 41. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Syringa. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Lilium candidum. lilac 70.Santolina neapolitana 36.Perillafrutescens. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Artemisia camphorata. gray 37. crimson creeping thyme 18.Astrantia major.Foeniculum vulgare. white 66.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Thymus praecox subsp. grape fennel 19.Lavandula angustifolia. 1. sweet woodruff45. yew Beauty'.Galium odoratum. masterwort 69.Pulmonaria officinalis. blue 50. Satureja montana. 67.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 59.Asclepias tuberosa. garden sage Christmas rose 10.47. lady's-mantle 46. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.James D. white creeping thyme French'.Symphytum officinale. arcticus 38. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 65. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Alchemilla alpina.Taxus. Dianthus caryophyllus. Santolina virens. rosemary 25.Teucrium chamaedrys.Armeria maritima. 26. lamb's-ears 33. scented.Arisaema dracontium. Canadian burnet 13.Hyssopus officinalis. 'Albus'.Helleborus orientalis. skirret 53.Lamium album. Chamaemelum nobile. white dead 49. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. French thyme Madonna lily 16.30.Vitis. 58. butterfly weed35. daffodil 17.Lavandula dentata. winter savory 32. blue hyssop 42. 48. bronze 64.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Origanum onites.Isatis tinctoria.Allium schoenoprasum. marjoram lungwort crispum.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Sempervivum tectorum. arcticus 40. alpine 60. Tropaeolum majus.Santolina chamaecyparissus. chamomile 31. 56.Paeonia officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. sweet 27. weld 54.Alchemilla vulgaris. green santolina 24.Sium sisarum.Asarum europaeum. valerian 6.Buxus sempervirens. dwarf edging box 21.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. Graham. absinthe 34. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Melissa officinalis. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Thymus praecox subsp. nasturtium 28.
< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. The brick edging around each bed is a help. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Rosa 'Albertine'. If there is room for only one rambler rose. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. rising from the courtyard. with buds of red. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. but no panacea for the maintenance required." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. < previous page page_56 next page > . However. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. include this one. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. The large. pink. In addition to the brick edging around each. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. They are small specialty beds. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. At the top of the steps. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. At an appropriate distance farther along this path.
Thymus × citriodorus. tansy Bois'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. foxglove 39. rhubarb 2.Rheum rhabarbarum. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. bush basil 43.Borago officinalis.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 1. Lavandula angustifolia.Melissa officinalis. Carum carvi.Satureja montana. subsp. garden sage 40.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon balm 42.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. winter savory 41. 23. 22. angelica 20. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Tanacetum vulgare. lavender 4. Angelica archangelica. English thyme . alpine strawberry 3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. caraway 24.
pot 50. lemon 51. Thymus 'Argenteus'.R.Allium schoenoprasum.Anethum graveolens 47.Petroselinum crispum var. French'. 29. 45. bourbon rose 10.R. centifolia var. salad 7. 54. var.Marrubium vulgare. sweet 37.Satureja hortensis.Chrysanthemum.Origanum majorana. clove pink Mammoth'.Aloysia triphylla.R.Mentha × piperita var. thyme frutescens. marguerite chive 9. 56. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. centifolia 'Cristata'. prostrate rosemary 16. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Salvia elegans.Chenopodium 55. Consolida ambigua. French 33. blue hyssop 25.R. cheddar pink 53. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .R. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. geranium in 30. 31.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Tagetes filifolia.sativa.Laurus nobilis.Lavandula dentata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.R.Dianthus Victoria'. silver 27.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. centifolia.Pelargonium. muscosa 15. curly parsley 26.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. 49.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Chrysanthemum 46.Calendula officinalis. Irish-lace 48.'Baronne Prevost'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. musk rose 12. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. Pelargonium graveolens. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. Hyssopus officinalis. rose 28.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R.'Albertine'. borboniana 'La Reine 14. 35. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. pineapple34. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Artemisia dracunculus 44.R. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. citrata. Mexican tea 18.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.6. 36.
Beautifully precise and symmetrical. < previous page page_58 next page > . Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. Balance is augmented. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Laid in an unusual pattern. as it should be. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. too. It is near the house.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
arcticus 'Albus'.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Origanum majorana.S. Landscape Architect. dwarf edging box 8. double white peony 5. green 22.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Myosotis sylvatica. 23.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 20.Aloysia triphylla.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. sweet basil 14. white creeping thyme 4.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. rosemary yellow viola 10. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. Rosmarinus officinalis. 16. English'. gray 15. lavender 2. A.A.Heliotropium arborescens.Ocimum basilicum. The number in each planting area is the key number. heliotrope 3.Salvia officinalis.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. 19. 21.Poterium sanguisorba.Satureja hortensis. 1. 24.Allium schoenoprasum. 17.L.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. chive lemon verbena 6.Anethum graveolens. blue hyssop 13.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. dill 9. English thyme signet marigold 11. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . santolina moss rose 7.Santolina virens. angustifolia 'Munstead'.
< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The grape vines. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. and the grape arbor. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. potted lemon verbena. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and a comfortable. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. the fence with roses. Herbs. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. too. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . winter pruned.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
Aloysia triphylla. conical yew rosemary 1. Nepeta mussinii. Iris cristata. Stachys byzantina. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . conical yew 'Silver Moon'. lemon Linum perenne. three. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Valeriana officinalis. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Althaea officinalis. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. sweet climbing rose.Amsonia tabernaemontana. BED II germander BED IV 2. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Galium odoratum. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Teucrium chamaedrys. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. 3. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. purple variegated garden sage 4. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. marsh climbing rose.Connecticut Vera Breed. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.
sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. houseleek in variety 7. fairy rose Giant'. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. beach Marrubium vulgare. Thymus. lemon Anemone hybrida. Rosmarinus officinalis. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lemon thyme 9. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. lavender 10. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. Delphinium × belladonna. plume Baptisia australis. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Sempervivum. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. tuberosa 6.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. angustifolia 'Munstead'. catmint 5. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . creeping thyme in variety 8. Thymus × citriodorus. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana.
and bright green in the herb beds. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Either it flourished too well. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. this was replaced with ''edging" box. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. magnolia. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. its detail is shown below. grew too large. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. myrtle. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. Another angle could be tried with these. planted in bands across these beds. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. tend to broaden the width of the garden. blue green. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Herbs. Later. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. holly. if desired. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Ivy. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. silver.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. rue 20. American holly 31.Thymus herba-barona. silver-king artemisia 23. white creeping thyme 41. 1.Thymus 'Argenteus'. lamb's.Artemisia ludoviciana var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. Ocimum basilicum 24.Tanacetum vulgare.Levisticum officinale. arcticus 'Albus'.Monarda didyma. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. bay rosemary 12. French thyme 39. 44. salad 43.Teucrium chamaedrys. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. English'.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus × citriodorus.19.Origanum majorana. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. Ruta graveolens.Ilex opaca. thyme 38. tansy 45. sweet 34. spearmint 42.Artemisia abrotanum.Vinca minor.Artemisia dracunculus var. English ivy burnet 10. 'Minimum'. woolly thyme 8. lemon 29. English thyme chamomile 2.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium × nervosum. winter 'Purpurascens'.Thymus praecox subsp. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Poterium sanguisorba. gray santolina 15. bayberry balm thyme 13. purple basil savory 35. Ocimum basilicum 22.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. Borago officinalis. French 27. box chamaecyparissus.Magnolia grandiflora.Thymus carnosus. bush basil albula.Marrubium vulgare. sweet woodruff 36. bee balm30.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Laurus nobilis. lime geranium 4. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . lovage 48. Tropaeolum minus. myrtle 47.Thymus doerfleri. ears rose geranium 3. dwarf 21. Stachys byzantina. 28.Pelargonium fragrans.Mentha spicata.Chamaemelum nobile.Lavandula angustifolia.Melissa officinalis. purple garden sage 7. horehound germander 17. dwarf edging box 11. 33.Hedera helix.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. 6. lemon 46.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha suaveolens. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. thyme 37. 49.Rumex scutatus.Myrica pensylvanica.Buxus sempervirens 14. caraway thyme 40. borage 26.Satureja montana. 25. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'.Galium odoratum.
as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. < previous page page_64 next page > . potted shrubs. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and treessome of which are espaliered. It is located for the best viewing. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. brick. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. It is a large garden. accent this prime focal point even more. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. too. standards. adding to the space for walking. The use of flagstone. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Laurus nobilis. maypoles. The four potted bay. too. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. There is variety in the walks. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.
Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.P. Thymus × citriodorus.P.quercifolium. fragrans.acerifolium.P.Nigella damascena. Satureja montana.P. pot 52. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 29. musty oakscented geranium 5. wild 28.Calendula officinalis.53. 25.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Chenopodium botrys. 49. apple English thyme up geranium 3.odoratissimum. Johnny-jump. 26. 51.50.Viola tricolor. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . 1. winter 27.P. love-in. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.
Melissa officinalis.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. Chamaemelum nobile. peppermint 67.Lavandula angustifolia.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. graveolens.Pelargonium crispum. lettuce 40.Foeniculum vulgare. radens 'Dr.P.P. Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum dictamnus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. 57. lemon 47. lemon southernwood geranium 34. rose geranium66.P. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. wild thyme 31. 64. pine crispum.Myrtus communis.Artemisia abrotanum. golden lemon thyme 7.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Tanacetum vulgare var.× nervosum.Petroselinum crispum. bee balm 63. 71.Artemisia dracunculus var. chamomile 8.Allium schoenoprasum. 41. parsley 35. tomentosum.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Laurus nobilis. French tarragon Rose'. horehound 46. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Anethum graveolens. lettuce 39. white sweet yarrow violet 13. lime geranium 55.P.P.Origanum majorana. camphor-scented geranium 69. strawberry 48.Malus.P. denticulatum 11. radens. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Aloysia triphylla.72.Achilleafilipendula. classic 21.Livingston'. Hyssopus officinalis. orange geranium 23.Allium senescens var. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Levisticum officinale.P. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Poncirus trifoliata.Mentha pulegium. fern-leaf 'Nana'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon geranium 33.Thymus serpyllum. lemon 65. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. cherry tomato chive 17.Malus angustifolia. salad 42. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Salvia officinalis.P. fern-leaf 60.P. English lavender 32. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Monarda didyma. 62.Poterium sanguisorba. 61.P. lemon balm 45. arcticus43. forsythia 'Albus'.Mentha. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. lemon-rose geranium 22.Viola odorata. pheasant's. 58.P. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. box 19. glutinosum. bronze 38.6. dill 36.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Acorus calamus. denticulatum. 44.P.P. blue hyssop 10. lemon geranium 56. sweet flag 16.Salvia caerulea. crispum. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. rosemary 9. bay 20. crispum 'Minor'.Forsythia. crowfoot 70.Fragaria vesca. garden sage 54.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet 37.Marrubium vulgare.
It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. too. green santolina. < previous page page_66 next page > . Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. This is a large garden by any standard. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. In keeping with this feeling. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. and Allium karataviense. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
big blue lilyturf 12. Mentha suaveolens. fringed 7.Allium moly. gray 10. Artemisia dracunculus var.Levisticum officinale.Salvia officinalis. green santolina 14.Thymus × citriodorus. 1. blue hyssop 16. Santolina virens.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Foeniculum vulgare. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Satureja montana. Baker. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Salvia officinalis. mother-of-thyme lovage 3.Allium sativa. arcticus. wormwood fennel 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Florence B. apple mint 13.Allium christophii. lemon 11. chive 4.Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis. garden sage 18. winter savory 9.Artemisia frigida. dwarf garden 17. 15. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . 8.Liriope muscari.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
and the front porch of the house. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. the upper deck. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. for the box after new spring growth. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Many herb gardens could provide this. the circle. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. the square. < previous page page_70 next page > . The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
chamomile 2. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . lemon 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. winter savory 4. dwarf myrtle 6. Italian cypress 9.Cupressus sempervirens. lavender 5. 1.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Satureja montana.Cedrus deodara.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.The number in each planting area is the key number. viola 3. dwarf edging box 7.Chamaemelum nobile.
Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. from Peter Coats. as it was with this plan. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Paths are gravel. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright.. Roses. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Coin with Tudor rose design.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Foeniculum vulgare. classic myrtle 18. caraway 35. clove20.Lilium candidum. lettuce 28. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . sweet marjoram 3. Hyssopus officinalis. Thymus serpyllum. saffron lily crocus 12.Carum carvi. wild thyme 5. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Lavandula angustifolia.Myrtus communis. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Viola odorata. 34. blue hyssop 2. monkshood27. Chamaemelum nobile.Crithmum maritimum.Lactuca sativa.Mentha × piperita.Calendula officinalis. earth 24.The number in each planting area is the key number.Melissa officinalis. Malva sylvestris.Mentha spicata.Bellis perennis.Primula vulgaris.Primula elatior. 1.Petroselinum crispum. Eryngium maritimum. chamomile 4.Anemone pulsatilla. salad burnet 10. winter 32. rue 33. spearmint 30. rosemary 16. English pasqueflower primrose 14. oxlip 17. fennel 21.Viola tricolor. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. absinthe peppermint 8.Ruta graveolens. yellow flag 26. Origanum majorana. parsley 29.Fragaria vesca.Poterium sanguisorba. 19.Buxus sempervirens. 22. sweet violet 6.Fumaria officinalis. Dianthus caryophyllus. Madonna 23.Crocus sativus.Satureja montana. pot marigold 15. mallow 13.Iris pseudacorus. English daisy 36. 25.Aconitum napellus.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm 31.
In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. white. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. but Always Love. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. its tufted. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. However. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. silver mound. plumed. white blooms and woolly. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs." Concrete blocks. along with a measure of fragrance. most of the blooms are nightscented. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. spurred. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. Selected for this reason.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above.
1.Dictamnus albus. petunia 30. pink 15. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver 16. 'Albus'.Galanthus nivalis. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. white . 17. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. Dianthus 'White Lace'. white 32.Galium odoratum.Lilium candidum. Thymus 'Argenteus'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubiam vulgare. horehound 2.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Stachys byzantina.19. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. silver mound artemisia 3. lamb's. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. sweet 31.
needle florentina. Artemisia absinthium. daffodil 35.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia ludoviciana. rose 41.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. 23.21. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. Artemisia lactiflora.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. 26.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. clary 24.Ipomoea alba. lavender 12. Adam's. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. tulip 37.6.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Polianthes tuberosa. western mugwort 7.Convallaria majalis.Hesperis matronalis. Yucca filamentosa.Artemisia stellerana.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. albula.Chrysanthemum parthenium. white 27.Lunaria annua. white 22.Matthiola incana. sweet violet 20. orris 8. dame's honesty rocket 14. 25. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Salvia sclarea. beach mugwort wormwood 9. rose 40. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. tulip 38. moonflower 39. white stock absinthe 10.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. Viola odorata. tuberose 36. 28.Artemisia ludoviciana var. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.
simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Rather. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. too.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. related to an old mill reconstruction. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. This herb garden. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. textures. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. Many of these herbs lack the hues. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. < previous page page_76 next page > . required their use as an educational adjunct.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
stinging nettle44.Cotinus coggygria.Galium verum. alkanet 52. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Urtica dioica.Galium odoratum. broad 42.Dipsacus sativus.Hypericum perforatum.Sanguinaria canadensis. sisal 27.38.Genista tinctoria. black-eyed 50. golden 40. 48. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Rubia tinctorum. Scotch broom hemp 7.Reseda luteola. Sansevieria trifasciata.. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. dyer's 31. Agave fourcroydes.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. blueberry 13. Gossypium hirsutum.Morus rubra or alba.Crocus sativus. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Parmelia conspersa. African 45. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. 39. 32. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Tagetes patula. queen. yellow 55.Hydrastis canadensis.Prunus persica. sweet 49.Genista germanica.Ligustrum vulgare.Cytisus scoparius. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Rumex obtusifolius. 35.Rumex acetosa. Boehmeria nivea. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 43.Filipendula ulmaria. Hibiscus cannabinus.Solidago species. goldthread 41.Mahonia aquifolium.Rudbeckia hirta.Chelidonium majus. sumac poke 17. Agave sisalana.51.Allium cepa. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. dyer's broom safflower 6.Carthamus tinctorius. 47.Vaccinium angustifolium var. 23. 53.Cladrastis lutea.Tagetes erecta.Pteridium aquilinum. 37. 29. French 33. St.Viburnum acerifolium. Linum usitatissimum.Furcraea hexapetala. lily. Musa textilis.Berberis vulgaris. garden 56.Phytolacca americana. onion China jute 4. madder 54. Manila 25. 34. 20. 22.Anchusa officinalis. 1.Convallaria majalis.Monarda didyma. woad Susan laevifolium.Coptis trifolia. privet marigold 15. ramie 24. weld 57. bee 36.Anthemis tinctoria.46.Indigofera tinctoria. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Isatis tinctoria.Polygonum hydropiperoides. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. Abutilon theophrasti.Coreopsis tinctoria. 28. peach bracken sorrel 19.Agrimonia eupatoria. 26. fuller's 30.Rhus typhina. flax 21.
is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. < previous page page_78 next page > . Sufficient space was made for a center of interest.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. as well as the roses. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. Elsewhere. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A totally appealing edging. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 'Marie Pavic' 8. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. cl. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. 'Mignonette' 5. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. cl. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Queen of the Prairies'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 22. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. rambler 19. cl. 18. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Sombreuil'. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. Alfred de Rougemont'. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 23. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 25. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. Legras de St. cl. cl. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'American Pillar'. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. the second shows the number of plants to be used.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 24. 1. rambler 20. 'Mme. 'White Rose of York' 3. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > .
< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. Circles and angles provide interest. < previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. The notch of four square feet.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.L.A.L. kohlrabi Rock'. oleracea 'Green Parade'. red 38. Capsicum annuum var. 39. cepa Proliferum Group. dulce 50. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.C. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'.B.A. Beauty'. sprouts celery 8.sativa 'Ruby'. schoenoprasum.C.A.C. cherry tomato 34.A.A. C.B. graveolens var.A. C. curly eggplant parsley 23. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. oleracea 'Red Acre'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. red 37. 48. white-flowered kale 49.Apium graveolens var.B. 40. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.C. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. lycopersicum var.B. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.C. garlic chive 44. 45. annuum 'Fips'. leek 5.B.Solanum melongena var. ruby swiss chard var. scorodoprasum. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. chive 42. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. annuum 'Nosegay'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. annuum 'Mosaic'. C.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. celery I 31. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. red-flowered kale 6. annuum 'Black Prince'.B. C. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.B. graveolens var. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. celery Bed 9. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. celery Group. shallot Lakes'. 27. graveolens 'French Dinant'. 28. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Cichorium intybus. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. 29. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. 26. dulce 47.annuum 'Floral Gem'. melongena 1. pear Purple Vienna'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. Petroselinum crispum var. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . melongena 2.esculentum 'Long Black'.B.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. annuum 'Variegata'. tuberosum. giant garlic var. crispum 'Banquet'.A.S. 30. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. C.S. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. 22. dulce 'Utah 5270'. Boerner. 32. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. annuum 'Pinocchio'.B. annuum 'Teno'. eggplant 43.A. graveolens var. oleracea 'Prima'. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. 25. annuum 'Golden Bell'.C.B. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. annuum 'Red Boy'.B.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. C.A. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. 24. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. C.
arcs. winter savory. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. All of the circles.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. for each is a complete entity. When viewed from the terrace above. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. and golden thyme.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.P.A. gooseberry geranium 24. scabrum. Landscape Architect. acerifolium.P. × domesticum 6.P.Ilex glabra.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. peppermint 26. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 17.' lemon geranium 23. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P..P. orange geranium 8. crispum 'French Lace. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. graveolens. winter 13. crispum. A.Melissa R.× nervosum. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. P. Satureja montana. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. apricot geranium28. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.P.P.P. × nervosum 'Torento'. P. green 14.L. lime geranium Rose'. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P. 12. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. oak-leaved geranium 16. 19.P. inkberry geranium 9. Livingston'. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P. radens 'Dr. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. grossularioides.Myrica pensylvanica.P. maple-leaved 18. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. tomentosum. golden 11.× fragrans 'Variegatum'.P. The number in each planting area is the key number.P. 1. germander crowfoot geranium 21. pungent-scented geranium 25. Assoc. lemon geranium 22. rose-scented geranium 4. Santolina virens. 29. Teucrium chamaedrys.P. 15. rose geranium 27. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Marshall.S. odoratissimum.P.
The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. For the knot to look its best at all times. texture. and growth to the plants of the knot design. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. especially when it is blooming. was planted using edging box only. closed knot design. . Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. Maintenance is high for a knot.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. on page 37. such as a dwarf edging box. filled with plants that have contrasting color. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. Its interspaces can be mulched.Hyssopus officinalis. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina virens. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. or marble chips. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. To ease the care for a more complicated design. 1. English lavender 2. sand. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. which is framed with a brick edging. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. blue hyssop 3.
Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. gray santolina 3.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf edging box 4.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. green santolina 2. arcticus 'Coccineus'.
Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. white 7. the height of the edging.T. Some maintenance is required for clipping. variegated garden sage .Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. creeping thymes. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. 1. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. herba-barona. 'Munstead'. 8. arcticus 'Coccineus'. praecox subsp.officinalis 'Tricolor'.S. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. lavender Japanese barberry 5.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. In another departure from the usual. arcticus 'Albus'. Teucrium chamaedrys. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Rosmarinus officinalis. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fig 4.T.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. caraway thyme 9. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. which are confined to that area. purple variegated 11. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. The knot material is maintained at six inches. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. rosemary creeping thyme 2. which is found more often out in the open.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
gray santolina 2. lavender . angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Teucrium canadense. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.Santolina chamaecyparissus.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. American germander 3.
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Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. germander . Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. setting it off admirably.
2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
each one a quarter-circle.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. which are also laid on edge. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. adding another facet to an appealing design. < previous page page_88 next page > . Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. again laid on edge. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. a complement for the colors of the plant material. pleasing color.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
silver thyme 6. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia argentea.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. samphire14. silver horehound 19. lavender 9. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. fern-leaf yarrow 27. woolly yarrow 23. dwarf 12.Artemisia arborescens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Argenteus'. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . candicans.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Artemisia frigida.Santolina neapolitana 10. Russian sage 24.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Salvia clevelandii. glaucum 11.Teucrium fruticans.Marrubium incanum.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Crithmum maritimum. 17.Leontopodium alpinum.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Allium senescens var.Anthemis tinctoria. 16. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis marschalliana. gray santolina 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue sage 13. rue 21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 18. lavender 5. French lavender 3. golden marguerite 25. silver sage 15. tree artemisia 26. lavender 8. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. curry plant 7.Stachys byzantina. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lavandula dentata var. tree germander 22. dwarf gray santolina 20.Helichrysum angustifolium.
< previous page page_90 next page > . basil. are without number. As with other plant material. which include hanging baskets. The color of the container plays a lesser role. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. sweet marjoram. If one is familiar with herbs. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Styles of containers. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. lady's-mantle. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. Some are rosemary. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. oregano. and the savories. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. thyme.
It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. providing herbs in abundance. < previous page page_91 next page > .
< previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
A. However. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. A. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Of course supervision is necessary.L. < previous page page_95 next page > .< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. such an outlay would be unwarranted.S. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. LandscapeArchitect. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. If children's interest is not sustained.
Instead of benches on the patio. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. < previous page page_96 next page > . too. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. These are ''old roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. they are easily handpicked. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Children in this age group can help with the construction." selected for their greater fragrance. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Just keep a garden design for children simple.
Landscape Architect.A. A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S.L. .
16. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Lavandula angustifolia.Petroselinum crispum var.Satureja hortensis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Petroselinum crispum var. garlic chive 29.Calendula officinalis. horehound 26. dwarf 6. Levisticum officinale.Allium senescens var. neapolitanum. dyer's bush basil woad 9.The number in each planting area is the key number. damask rose 32. dill pennyroyal 11. 19. Dianthus plumarius.Artemisia camphorata. summer savory 22.Anethum graveolens. English lavender 4. ophioscorodon.rocambole 28. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Tropaeolum minus.Salvia sclarea.Rosa damascena. alpine strawberry 3. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crispum. cottage pink 18.Nepeta cataria. 1. clary 25. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium tuberosum. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 13.Allium sativum var. Italian parsley 23. borage 15. garden sage 24.Isatis tinctoria. glaucum 31. catnip 27. love-in-a-mist 14. Borago officinalis. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. 20. English lavender 7.Salvia officinalis. pot marigold 8. lovage 12.Origanum majorana. southernwood 5.Rosa gallica. lily leek 30. Nigella damascena.Allium moly. American 21.Hedeoma pulegioides. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > .Marrubium vulgare. ambrosia 2.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Chenopodium botrys.
for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The sculptures.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. are a seal and a turtle. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. < previous page page_98 next page > . previously used as a skating rink. All are inviting to the touch. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. not noted on the plan. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The oval. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures.
F.R. .< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.A. Landscape Architect.A.
cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. bee balm Satureja montana. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. chamomile Mentha. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. fat-hen Primula veris. Trifolium pratense. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. lousewort Viola canina. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. Nepeta cataria. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Greek Stachys byzantina. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. winter savory Mentha. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus.Hedeoma pulegioides. marigold Salvia officinalis. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. bee orchid Erigeron. coltsfoot Mimulus. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. Foeniculum vulgare. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. fleabane Stellaria. mint Galium odoratum. duckweed Antennaria. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Allium schoenoprasum. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. dog violet Lemna. English Tussilago farfara. mint Tagetes. tansy Monarda didyma. borage Tanacetum vulgare. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. cowslip Linaria. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata.
There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. developed particularly for study. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. < previous page page_101 next page > . Instead.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. its wooden structure long gone. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. and old barn beams another about the same height. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. a mint. it is a most satisfying growing situation. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. Its plant list. Their height eases the task of weeding. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. an exceedingly long one. A number of wooden window frames. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. feverfew. Still. for an old barn foundation of stone. Here.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
skirret 90. golden thyme 98. pallasianus. 60. silver thyme 105. 50.Rosmarinus officinalis.Nepeta mussinii. foxglove 2.Campanula rapunculus.Stachys grandifora 93.-John'swort 91. 48. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. golden marjoram 26.Sempervivum tectorum.A.O. white creeping thyme 97. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Ocimum basilicum. purple variegated garden sage 85.Melissa officinalis. pot marjoram bugloss 27. arcticus 'Albus'.T. sweet 41.S.O. tomentosum.Chrysanthemum balsamita.A. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. pontica.O. basilicum 'Minimum'. marsh mallow 13. 64.Calamintha grandiflora. rose sativa.Ruta graveolens.Euphorbia cyparissias. southernwood ground cherry 10. Grecian 59. didyma 'Rosea'.Geranium robertianum. majorana. officinalis 'Aurea'.Aloysia triphylla. beach 47. purple basil English lavender 18. thyme 102.Marrubium vulgare. wild lemon basil ginger 16. 66. lemon verbena 106. calamint valerian 24.Viola odorata. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Plantago major. herba-barona. apple wormwood geranium 8.A. praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare var. variegated garden sage 87. plantain 80. 'Purpurascens'. bee balm57. catmint 63.Poterium sanguisorba. 1.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia.T. absinthe 51. rosemary 82.Monarda didyma.Myrrhis odorata. rue 83.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.T. yarrow herb Robert 4. odoratissimum. Roman 46. arcticus 'Coccineus'. camphorata. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Rubia tinctorum. 61.Alchemilla vulgaris.T. St.Genista tinctoria. nitidus. rose costmary campion 23.Agastache foeniculum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. onites. bee balm lovage 20.Achillea millefolium.P. graveolens. abrotanum.Hypericum perforatum. creeping veronica .O. officinalis 'Tricolor'. 45.Digitalis purpurea. odorous thyme 104. French tarragon geranium 7. richardii subsp.T. betony 92.Lychnis coronaria.T. praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme 96. wormwood germander 9. foxglove cypress spurge 21. woolly thyme 101.Calendula officinalis.Angelica archangelica.Sium sisarum. 'Clear Gold'.Pelargonium crispum.A.Physalis heterophylla.Teucrium chamaedrys.Stachys officinalis.S. 55.T. caraway thyme 103. 43. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. fern-leaf tansy 95. lesser 67.Asarum canadense.O.Chelidonium majus. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. garden sage 84.Acinos alpinus. basilicum 56. camphor. 44. 62.S. viper's 65. 42.Valeriana officinalis.T 'Argenteus'. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.T.Ranunculus ficaria. lemon thyme 100. pink 58.Levisticum officinale. sweet cicely 94.P. sweet violet 40.Veronica serpyllifolia. angelica lemon geranium 5. dyer's woodruff broom 3. golden variegated garden sage 86. celandine madder 79.Hyssopus officinalis. officinalis 'Purpurea'. balm horehound 14. lemon 52.Campanula persicifolia.49. 54. alpine savory 89. crispum.Agastache cana.A. basil blue hyssop 15. stellerana.A. golden lemon thyme 99.Galium odoratum. absinthium.Viola tricolor.Pulmonaria officinalis. winter savory 88.Digitalis lanata. sweet 53.M.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.P.Echium vulgare. mosquito plant 19.Althaea officinalis. × citriodorus. pot marigold 25. southernwood houseleek 12.Satureja montana. rampion 81.
pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . spicata.Mentha suaveolens. 76.Myrtus communis.V. red mint comfrey 33. 114.M. tree onion 112.Origanum vulgare. dyer's woad 110.Chrysanthemum 78.Isatis tinctoria. spearmint 107. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. chervil 68. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Chamaemelum nobile. veronica 108. orange mint 32.Verbascum thapsus.M. chicory 70. wild 116. pineapple mint 31.Chrysanthemum 74.Yucca filamentosa.Helichrysum angustifolium. blattaria. orach115. yucca 109.Anthriscus cerefolium.Chrysanthemum parthenium. feverfew cinerariifolium.Sorbaria sorbifolia.Lysimachia vulgaris.Dianthus plumarius 75. garlic 111. moth 113. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. 73.Allium sativum. Proliferum Group.A. chamomile 30. ostrowskianum 34.29. Madonna lily leucanthemum. pin cherry 39.M.Veronica officinalis.Prunus pensylvanica.Symphytum officinale. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. suaveolens 'Variegata'.M.Lilium candidum. cowslip 72.Primula veris. apple mint 69. × gentilis. curry plant mullein 35. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Origanum dictamnus.Cichorium intybus.Atriplex hortensis.Oenothera biennis.A. citrata.cepa. evening 77.Laurus nobilis. 71. × piperita var.
This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. not just hiding it. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. A wheelshaped bed. < previous page page_104 next page > . Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. of good proportion for the size of the opening.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. its outline constructed of brick. Francis. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. A statue of St. but not obvious. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. cat Watsonia rosea. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . white Justicia carnea. labdanum Cistus crispus. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Eriobotrya japonica. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. lion's-ear prismaticum. poet's Solidago californica. AREA IV Ixia maculata. AREA VI japonica. loquat Cichorium intybus. potato Brassica eruca. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. only those not found on other lists are noted here. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. Eleocharis dulcis. Sidney Ephedra viridis. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. menthifolia. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Cestrum nocturnum. Vetiveria zizanioides. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides.
The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. One is a garden of legends. but also for proper leaf size. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. not only for hardiness where needed. < previous page page_106 next page > . is a center of interest. emphasizes the circle. to name a few. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. an "old rose" and fragrant. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. The exterior brick path. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. or potpourri. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. and a third a culinary garden. another a Mary garden. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. scented-leaf geraniums. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Salvia officinalis. sweet marjoram basil 12.Hedera helix. English thyme 13.Mentha spicata. Hyssopus officinalis. yellow 25. hyssop rose 9.Origanum majorana.Calendula officinalis. 27. pot 26.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Narcissus mustard 14. dill 11. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Ruta graveolens. spearmint 22. Johnny-jump.Santolina chamaecyparissus.20. saffron crocus marigold 7. chamomile 3. flax 17. Viola tricolor. blue 18. lady's.The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium verum. English ivy rosemary 8. Chamaemelum nobile. absinthe 4.Ocimum basilicum. costmary 6.Crocus sativus.Lamium album. 1.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. rue 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. chive bedstraw 16. Angelica archangelica. sweet 21. Linum usitatissimum.Rosmarinus officinalis. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Anethum graveolens. white dead 24. Artemisia absinthium. black 23. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . Chrysanthemum balsamita. garden up sage 10. angelica 2.19.Allium schoenoprasum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Brassica nigra. pyrethrum 5.
Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. < previous page page_108 next page > . Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic.
musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. blue Lamium maculatum. sweet Myrtus communis. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. thyme Cnicus benedictus. fastigiata. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. Artemisia absinthium. perennial flax Galium odoratum. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. Russian 'Prostratus'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Cotinus coggygria. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. peppermint Laurus nobilis. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. rue Malva alcea var.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. beach Monarda didyma. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. clove Marrubium vulgare. Myrrhis odorata. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. bay Echeveria × imbricata. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.
the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. simply on a smaller scale. This is a general rule observed. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. millstones. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. < previous page page_110 next page > . and huge. Appropriately used as accents. The generous use of edgings. Viewed from the terrace garden. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. features a closed knot of superior design. too.
Landscape Architect. 'Tiny Rubies'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Design plan of herb garden 1.L. blue hyssop 3. A.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. green santolina 6. Routine clipping is required. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. dwarf box .Santolina virens. has its size dictated by a rule of design. of greater size than is commonly found. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. six feet in diameter. gray santolina 7.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. that of good proportion. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. The number in each planting area is the key number.A. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. germander 2.S.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys. and the mulch. lavender 5.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. cheddar pink 4.
European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. box Myrica pensylvanica. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. honey locust Cornus florida.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. goat willow Sassafras albidum. shadbush Salix caprea. plum Prunus maritima. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. beach plum Corylus avellana. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. box Calycanthus fioridus. japonica. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. black haw Prunus americana. dogwood Pinus nigra. quince Magnolia virginiana. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium.
This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. its plant material varied. leucotrichus T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. 'Doone Valley' . Currently. caraway thyme T. 'Argenteus'. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. and a miscellany of others. doerfleri T. However. Rosmarinus. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. herba-barona. arcticus T. 'Annie Hall' T. silver thyme T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Salvia.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. Lavandula. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. praecox subsp. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. praecox subsp. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. As a rule.
angustifolia subsp. greggii. dentata. officinalis 'Purpurea'. anise sage S. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustissimus. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. ramie . officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. angustifolia subsp. English lavender L. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. arcticus 'Coccineus'. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. blue sage S. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. Mexican bush sage S. vulgaris 'Albus' T. heterophylla. praecox subsp. involucrata. guaranitica. golden thyme T. angustifolia subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. leucantha. golden rosemary R. woolly thyme T. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. officinalis 'Aurea'.T. angustifolia. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. pine-scented rosemary R. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. purple variegated garden sage S. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. golden variegated sage S. sweet lavender L. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. autumn sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. officinalis 'Prostratus'. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. 'Clear Gold'. crimson creeping thyme T.
Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
Cheloneglabra. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. to sweeten the air. Hesperis matronalis. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. rupturewort. Primarily. obedient plant. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. used in salads or boiled. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. a well beside the house. Physostegia virginiana. Herniaria glabra. for scrubbing pots. Circumstances determined these priorities. Sium sisarum. Equisetum arvense. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. L. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. Smith. The house. The apple trees. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. to lure bees. which were located between the water supply. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > .< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. family needsmedicinal. Prunella vulgaris. culinary. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. horsetail. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. constructed of brick made on the property. balmony.
These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. < previous page page_116 next page > .< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. too. for a few are in use now. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. while functional. Today. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. too. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Banksia rose 14.Lonicera sempervirens. 15. wisteria 13. bay 7. garlic 9.Rosa banksiae.Laurus nobilis.Sambucus canadensis.Punica granatum.Ficus carica. Gardenia jasminoides.Wisteria frutescens. Cape jasmine 10.Lagerstroemia indica.Pinus taeda.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium sativum.Lonicera flava.Syringa × persica var. yellow 12.Malus angustifolia. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . rosemary 2. 16. pomegranate 3. southern laciniata.Prunus angustifolia. fig 6. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis. trumpet 11.
Italy. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. too. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. < previous page page_118 next page > . The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Appropriately. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. The effect would be quite different without them. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Cornus florida. 30.Tanacetum vulgare. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Vinca minor. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. myrtle 53. sweet flag marigold 24. basil chive 3. sweet 64. lemon 26. yellow-root 7.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. trumpet honeysuckle 4. tansy 65. 50. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Laurus nobilis.Hamamelis virginiana. blue 44.Lobelia siphilitica. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Nepeta cataria. 45.Hyssopus officinalis. mullein 49. great 47.Acorus calamus.Colchicum autumnale. borage 31. dill 39.Cassia marilandica.Digitalis purpurea. catnip 34.Eupatorium perfoliatum. peppermint 52.Lindera benzoin.Xanthoriza simplicissima.Lonicera sempervirens.Achillea millefolium. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . 63. foxglove 41. 66. dogwood horehound 18.Dianthus caryophyllus.Rosa laevigata.Mentha pulegium. saffron crocus 25. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Melissa officinalis.Galium odoratum.Paeonia officinalis.Monarda didyma. 1.Elizabeth Lawrence. rue 56. horsemint lobelia 23. pot 48. 61.Sassafras albidum. blue 46.Calendula officinalis. wild ginger69.Populus balsamifera.Armoracia rusticana. 70.Asarum virginicum.Calycanthus fioridus. 55.Chamaemelum nobile. St.Anethum graveolens. clove 36.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 38. balm autumn crocus 2.Ilex vomitoria.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Asclepias tuberosa. 54.Lavandula angustifolia. 42. sweet 27.Agrimonia eupatoria.Hypericum perforatum.57. yarrow lungwort 22. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Lilium candidum.Punica granatum.Salvia officinalis. hyssop sassafras 20.Pinckneya pubens.Levisticum officinale. fuller's teasel 67. lovage 35.Allium schoenoprasum.Ilex opaca. American holly 16. butterfly 32.Verbascum thapsus.Buxus sempervirens. 68. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Symphytum officinale. 37. peony 51.Rubus allegheniensis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Mentha spicata.Mentha × piperita. bee balm 28. box chamomile 9. 60. spearmint 62. 43.Ruta graveolens.Cimicifuga racemosa.Monarda punctata. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Teucrium chamaedrys.Foeniculum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum. senna woodruff 15. black 29.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Gaultheria procumbens.Dipsacus sativus.Marrubium vulgare. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. 33.Crocus sativus.Borago officinalis. sweet shrub 10. fennel 40. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chimaphila umbellata. garden sage 59. agrimony 58. sativa.
< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. < previous page page_120 next page > . preventives. This is true for the remedies. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. 1 T. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. and fragrances they developed. In any event.
Papaver somniferum. absinthe 9. apothecary's rose 22.Tanacetum vulgare. foxglove 12.Carum carvi.Satureja montana.Lavandula angustifolia. pot marigold 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. 14.Pyrus communis. sweet marjoram 6.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia officinalis. tansy 11.Viburnum prunifolium.Levisticum officinale.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana. catnip 16. winter savory 4. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . quince 24.Digitalis purpurea. sweet basil 13.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. horehound 15.Cydonia oblonga. 1. opium poppy 5.Hyssopus officinalis. caraway 19. peppermint 18. English 10.Mentha spicata. blue hyssop 21. English thyme rosemary 7. horsemint 20. Calendula officinalis. black haw 23.Nepeta cataria.Mentha × piperita. garden sage 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 17.Artemisia absinthium.Marrubium vulgare.Monarda punctata. lavender lovage 3.
from early Moravian settlements. centrally located. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. makes it something of a focal point. The main paths of brick unify the garden. and bricks raise the beds. The beds are used to achieve balance. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. one dated 1759. often it is reconstructed. Some could be used singly. for example the large square bed with circular path. Shaded by hop vines. to study it. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and if the best has not always survived. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Allowed such freedom of expression. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Thus it was for this garden. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. < previous page page_122 next page > . the other 1761.
.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect.A. A. Campbell.S.L.
dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. fennel marjoram 28.Amaranthus caudatus.Chamaemelum nobile.Aquilegia vulgaris.Celosia cristata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. tansy 6.Hyssopus officinalis.Magnolia grandiflora.Humulus lupulus. 81.Inula helenium.Atriplex hortensis. autumn crocus 34.Narcissus tazetta.Lagerstroemia indica.Coriandrum sativum. black cumin 46. sorrel 65. French rose 18.Mentha × piperita. 66.Artemisia absinthium. English 78. English thyme 2. lovage 9. spearmint 57. garden sage 15. grape larkspur 41. 74.Artemisia vulgaris.Rosa moschata. hyssop maypop 42. marsh mallow 7.Carum carvi.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia sclarea.Nigella sativa. annual clary 3.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Rubia tinctorum.Consolida ambigua.Cercis canadensis.Crocus sativus. 80. asparagus 31. 1. hop southernwood 39. betony 82. blessed thistle 8.Mentha spicata. hollyhock 51. corn poppy 79. stock 50. dwarf nasturtium 13. columbine 29.Achillea millefolium. lemon 64. 52. horehound 56. clove 53. comfrey 33. caraway 72. basil moss rose 44. Carolina jessamine 38. garden nasturtium 12. blue 69.Hydrangea quercifolia.Dianthus caryophyllus. catnip 70.Bellis perennis.Marrubium vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis.Matthiola incana.Lilium candidum. balm chive 37.Scabiosa atropurpurea. chestnut rose 43.Symphytum officinale. parsley 32. lavender rose 21. redbud 24.Gelsemium sempervirens. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Pulmonaria officinalis. orach 76.Narcissus poeticus.Althaea officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 71. cockscomb 47.77.Rosa centifolia.Papaver rhoeas. rhubarb 10.Cnicus benedictus. 48. cabbage angustifolia. mugwort67.Armoracia rusticana.Nepeta cataria.Melissa officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. 54.Alcea rosea.Ruta graveolens.Rheum rhabarbarum.Petroselinum crispum.Artemisia abrotanum. love. polyanthus narcissus 60.Tropaeolum minus.Chrysanthemum parthenium. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Allium sativum.Tropaeolum majus.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. absinthe 45.Ficus.Colchicum autumnale. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . 68.Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow 4. garlic lungwort 36.Rumex acetosa. eglantine Group.Saponaria officinalis. dill 73. holy thistle 58. borage 5. madder 16.Asparagus officinalis.Salvia officinalis.Borago officinalis.Levisticum officinale.Passiflora incarnata. blue 63.Rosa eglanteria.Clematis virginiana. red pepper 20. clary 30. virgin's bower 40.Tanacetum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. elecampane 11. sweet 55. rue 14. rosemary49. chamomile 17.Rosa damascena.Salvia viridis. Madonna lily 59. damask coriander rose 19.Stachys officinalis.Origanum majorana.Rosa gallica.Vitis. 62.Cornusflorida. daisy crape myrtle 23.Silybum marianum.Rosa roxburghii. saffron peppermint crocus 35. poet's narcissus 61.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
The lesser the scale. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Usually this is least desirable. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. A ravine and existing.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. even boggy. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. it is proper to make a trial run. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Calluna (heather). Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. the western. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Thus. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. This space was never adequate. and the north point is established. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The next most desirable exposure. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. First. Although some observations may seem obvious. far from the house. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there.
The new herb garden has been located. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Culinary herbs will fill a large. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. but it need not be identical. The. another is close to the rear of the house. a driveway on still another. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. all four sides are so determined. The outline is fixed. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. certainly not precisely the same. and the search did not take long. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. It was a pleasurable assignment. and the property line on the last. The general outline is similar. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Indeed. as the drawing on p.ground where drainage is better. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. single bed. 127 indicates. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Then. < previous page page_126 next page > . sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season.
it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. In addition. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. then north. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. this low wall will enclose the garden area. as in this case. forming the outer boundary of the service path. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. If all is well. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. In fact. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. There was no . With the plan established. If. something is amiss. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. Two drawings were required to work out problems. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. however. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. In the earlier stage of planning. At corners. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. admittedly. However. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. the eight-foot length was more practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. eight. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. . at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. not one completed in a weekend. and the finished edging would be effective. A structural edging was in order. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. In this case. the site required some leveling. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. In this area. Before edgings could be put in place. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. this was. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. However. a lapped joint was fashioned.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
Heavy black plastic. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. This method of treatment now guarantees . The pattern is running bond. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Weeds. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. for they will likely have more traffic. selected for its simplicity. this same base underlies all the paths. had been proof of that. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. leaves. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. One is the ramp to the driveway. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. A choice of five colors was available. could serve this purpose. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. Unfortunately. The latter need to be more substantially paved. but there are exits to different levels.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. sand. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. filling the beds with soil was next. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Aged compost.
Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . on a trial run of one course of brick. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. worth the added cost.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. even bed for the pavers. However. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.
the terraced area. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. In this instance. and the steps to other levels. converging where it was logical to do so. With the completion of the paths. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe." their construction can be somewhat varied. Sometimes called "rubble drains. learned about decades earlier. for it would interfere with the drainage system. since that path borders the house. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. . French drains. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. Herbs have flourished in the beds.
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a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Its arrow points north and. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. casts the shadow for the hour. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . in tenths of an inch. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. E EllipseAn oval. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. sixteenths of an inch. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. in inches. for example. often a wall or trellis. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. and so on. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. twelfths of an inch. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. not necessarily referable to botanical species. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. albula. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. hundredths of an inch. a garden plan. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. having a variety of gradations. is symmetrical. for example. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. and so on. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing.
HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens.3). MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. also called rubble drain. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence.brick) in the same course. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . sometimes covered with earth or more stones. heated especially by fermenting manure. rounded fragments of rock. GrindstoneMillstone. G GazeboA freestanding. turf. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. or colored earths. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. a patterned garden. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Usually a few inches thick. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. its compartments filled with flowers. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. a flat. M ManufactoryA factory. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. roofed structure usually open on the sides. ForthrightA straight course or path. loose. Pea gravelSmall. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings.3. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.
an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.
< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. walls. ranking between species and variety. cutting. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. snug fit for walks. Turf seatBanked-up earth. W Wall. V VarietyA category below species. R Rose. or steps. Stone. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. TreillageLatticework for vines. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. called also a hose cock. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. not treelike or with a single trunk. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. often planted with aromatic herbs. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. < previous page page_132 next page > . SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis.
(Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. How Plants Get Their Names. Rosetta E. Coats. 1911. Hanging Plants for Home. Book of the Geranium. Doran & Co. New York: G. The Herb Garden.: Buckeye Printing Co. 1976. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1961. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Crowe. New York: Viking Press. Green Enchantment. Sylvia.. Staff of. New York: Macmillan. L. Beston. Frances A. P. Complements. Independence. Sydney: B. 1963. 1938. London: Macmillan. Roses. Agnes. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. S. 1972. The Small Garden. Dutton & Co. . Seal. Edlin. Margaret E. Brownlow. British Plants. L. Herbsfor Every Garden. Jot. Erichsen-Brown. Flannery. 1979. 1982. The Cultivated Basils. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. 14701670. 1966. Harriet Ballard. W. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Kent: The Herb Farm. Gertrude B. Herbs and the Earth. New York: Macmillan. New York. Garden City: Doubleday. Charlotte. Clarkson.. Hortus Third. 1966. Helen Morgenthau. The Garden (An Illustrated History).: Geo. T. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. 1972. Henry. 1902. . 1942. John E. New York: Hawthorne Books. 1933. 1973. Gertrude B. Earle. Behme. H. Herbals. Alice Morse. Foster. Daniel J. Bardswell. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. 1962. Park Seed Co. H.. Peter. 1957. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1951. 1971.C. Cross. 1977. New York: Macmillan. New York: Viking Press. and Accessories. New York: E. 1971. 1958. New York: Macmillan. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Mo. Bailey. Foster.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber.. Putnam's Sons. Julia S. Baumgardt. New York: Crown Publishers. Liberty Hyde. Greenwood. and Garden. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1944. P. John Philip. London: Country Life. Berrall. Robert Lee. New York: Dover. Garden Design. London. . Park's Success with Herbs. Darrah. Aurora. Toronto. Brookes. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. and Louden. Room Outside. Prof. Terrace. Foley. 1935. 1980. Bailey Hortorium. London: Marshall Cavendish. John.. London: Saturn Press. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1970. Helen H. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1980. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Sevenoaks. Batsford. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Fox. 1951. ed. Rosemary F. Carpenter.
Adelma G. 1911. chemist. Mary U. Sarah. McFarland. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons.. Geraniums for Home and Garden. New York: Harper & Bros. 1976. Hendrickson. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1970.. Jones. Miller. New York: Van Nostrand. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Alice Recknagel. How to Select. Sylva. Lawrence. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1946.. 1971. Krauss. 1983. 1952. Waltham. 2d ed. Hamel. George H.Garland.C. 1975. (1st American edition trans. 1971.. Cherokee Plants. Mass. Neri. Grieve. Vegetable Dyeing. and Back. 1978. P. Muenscher. New York: William Morrow and Co. Walter. 1961. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Dutton & Co. Landscaping with Vines. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Paul B. Herbs.. and Brunello. New York: Viking Press. M. Claire. M. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. 1974. Wynnewood. Frederic. Brown & Co. 1970. Potter. and Synge. Leighton.. The Berry Book. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Hay. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. 1966. Lerner. A Biblical Garden. Gardens in Winter.. ed.. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Ireys. Alma. Philippa. Bernard Hickey. The Herb Garden. Patrick M. Lawrence.: Chronica Botanica Co. 1976. A. New York: Crown Publishers. 1982. Frances. New York: Macmillan. Howard. Flowers of the Field.. Johnson. N. P.. Toronto: Little. The Art of Dyeing.. Loewenfeld. Robert. Lesch. Franco. Harold N. Italy. London: George Routledge & Sons. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Simmons. Elizabeth. 1951. 1938. 1973. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1969.: Herald Publishing Co. and Alma L. and Rice. Eigel. Pozza. Books. Loyal R. 1972. Eleanour Sinclair. Norma Jean.. A Garden of Herbs. Moldenke.) Rohde. . Tucson: H. Amy Bess. 1981. Rosengarten. and Chiltoskey. 1964. New York: Dover. New York: Doubleday. New York: Macmillan. Early American Gardens. J. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Helen K. 1969. Lathrop. Ann. Pa. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Grow and Enjoy. Myron. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. New York: Clarkson N. Boston.: Livingston Pub. Plants of the Bible. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1959. Modern Herbal. Loewenfeld. Vicenza. The Book of Spices. Mrs. New York: Macmillan. London: Faber and Faber. Rev. New York: E. 1975. New York: De La Mare. Co. 1974. C. Jr. Dorothy Bovee. Johns. New York: William Morrow & Co. Carol. Shaker Herbs. 1981. New York: Dover. Boston. Claire. Horace. Roy. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Roses of the World in Color. Division Billboard Publications. Kiaer. 1979.
L. .. L.A. Pees.A. 1976. Maxton Davies. Elizabeth Lawrence. Bates. Alfred L. Mr. A. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Mrs. Graham. Wilson.. Mrs. 1979.A. L. Meyer. Z. Stuart. W.. Singleton. Mrs.A. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Ingersoll. The Fragrant Garden. Plants of the Bible. Virginia B. New ed. Diane C. Charles L. William W. A. Martin. McGarry. Marshall. Mrs.S. 1961. Building Stone Walls. Rhoda Specht. Vera Breed..A. William Y Dear. Mrs. London: Phoenix House. Bynam. 1967. Cozart. John Poinier.A. Nelva M. New York: Hafner. The History of Gardens. Helen Noyes. Mrs. 1953. Jack Emil Geist. Griffin. ed. Jr.A. Benjamin McF. Mrs. Winthrop G.A. Revised by Dr. Esther. Bleecker. Jr. Madalene Hill.L... Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Vt. Hale & Co. Charlotte. A. Giroux. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.. L. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.A. New York: Farrar. 1965. Jo Lohmolder. Vivian. Thomas. Louise Beebe.A. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1953. Amy Bess Miller.S.. Herbs in the Garden. L. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Mrs. Yang. 1942. Herbert G. Robert G.. T. Marion E.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Bush. Shrub Roses of Today. A.A. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Thacker. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. James C. Martin's Press. Straus. New York: St. Wilder. Susan W. L. Melissa R. Helen Van Pelt. Mrs. Barbara Capen.A... Mrs. Donald Paxton. Toronto: Van Nostrand. New York: Simon & Schuster. William C. Berkeley Brandt. Associate.: Garden Way. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Linda. Campbell. Price. 1966.... Bradner. Baker. London: Phoenix House. L. Stearn.S. Frank M. Hammond Crawford. and Robert B. Sherry D. Gannaway. F. Webster. Malcolm.R. William T. . New York: William Farquhar Payson. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mrs. 1931. 1962.A. Jr. H. Philip Batchelder. 1975. Plimpton. 1957. L. ed. Mrs.L. George.L. 1976. L. Graham Stuart. George T. James D. New York: William Morrow & Co. Small Gardens Are More Fun. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Hines. L. New York: Dover. Lamm. 1974.. Mrs. Keebler. Tarantino. Leonard Dreyfuss. Mrs. and Mrs. Henry Gund. Paxton.. Moffit. New York. L. . Austin R. .A. New York: McGraw-Hill. Climbing Roses Old and New. Mrs. Robert K. L. 1972. Mrs. William Radler. Mrs. Martha Dahlen. White.A. Boerner. L. Smith. Mrs. Stearn. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Container Gardening Outdoors. Neil Hamill Park.A.. Mrs. 1972.. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Landscape Architecture.A. Margaret Osborn Holt. Boston: Ralph T. Indianapolis. C. W T.. A. L. Charles Patch. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.A. The Fragrant Year.The Old Shrub Roses. Mrs. Mrs. New York.. Peter M. The Shakespeare Garden. Sandy Hicks. John Ormsbee. Mrs. 1972. Leonie. New York: Doubleday. Raymond V. Mrs. 1979. Katherine S. Botanical Latin. Michael. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Zohary.. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Taloumis.D. Fragrance in the Garden. 1982. Morss. and Bell. Weber. Taylor. Norman. New York: St.. Rev. Mrs.. Elisabeth W. Martin's. Christopher. 1979. John. William T.
James S.. Mrs. N. Mrs. Kingwood Center. Eric Duke Scott. Mich.. L. Greenland. Jean Ruh. University of Michigan. Inc. Mrs.. Edmund G. Ark.... Nathan Sameth. Milton C. N. John A. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Ohio. Timothy Procter Ruh. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Elbert Smith. Harper. Skinner. L. G. Whitman.H. The following provided historical. L.. Swanson. Mrs. Winston-Salem. Ga. Frederick E. Lansing. Faith H. Hancock Shaker Village. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Little Rock. Talbot III.. L. and Mrs. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Booker Worthen. Ohio.. Walter Rebmann. Architect.A. Helen M..C. Wisc. Linda Yang.. Old Slater Mill Museum. Christopher Rady. The Country Doctor Museum. Western Reserve Herb Society.A. Christopher Spencer. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Joan E. James F. Semple. Weeks Brick House. Milton Stricker. L. R. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Inc..C. Plain Dealer Photo. < previous page page_134 next page > . Mrs.A. Joe H.. Smith (Ann Leighton). Ann Arbor. Cleveland. Atlanta Historical Society.. Atlanta. Hancock. Isadore L.I. N. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.Rady. Mrs. Derthick. Matthew Miksch House. Gayle. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Roberts. Mass. Lawrence Schetky. Eloise andJo Ray. Shaker Community. Mr.A. Wilcox. Pawtucket. Bailey. Mrs. Mich. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. civic. Hales Corners. Mrs. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Mansfield. Michigan State University. Linda Yang. Old Salem. Wayne County Extension and Education Center.. Rose.
floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Myrrhis odorata. A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. barbadensis A. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. officinalis. Y smalliana Agrimonia. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. Narcissus triandrus. C. maritima L. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . E. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. A. azoricum. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L.
M. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. false Galium aristatum. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. albula A. P. Solanum aculeatissimum S. G. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. ludoviciana var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. acerifolium. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. S. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. Lamium album Viburnum. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. officinalis Populus.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. Monarda didyma Crataegus. lycopersicum. P. officinalis. podagraria Asparagus A. grandiflorus Melissa M. melongena var. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. laevis Rhododendron . F. V.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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vulgaris A. Mertensia virginica. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. chrysantha Symphytum S. P. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. B.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. alpina 'Alba' A. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. angustifolia. deltoides Campsis radicans. oleracea. coronaria . M. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata.
vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. B. V. ioensis Vaccinium. alpinum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. M. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. maculatum G. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. alpinum R. angustifolia. sativum R. macrocarpon. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. Italian D Daffodil M. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. N.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. C. coronaria. verna. pseudonarcissus miniature N. M. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. V. B.
× luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. R. H. Ferocactus latispinus. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Hosta H. lilioasphodelus H. frutescens C. T officinale Bellis. A. C. obtusifolius R. triphyllum . rivieri. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. A. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. Sansevieria.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. acetosa. obtusifolius Rumex R. crispus. D. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Chrysanthemum frutescens. lilioasphodelus. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. R. x superbum Hemerocallis.
Helichrysum. N. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. N. Gnaphalium. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. damascena. S.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Centaurea cineraria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. C. gymnocarpa. Antennaria. ragusina. Lychnis coronaria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. azoricum Nigella. C. arvensis. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Senecio cineraria. pungens Sambucus S. N.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
O.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. L. I. carica Corylus C. I. perenne . usitatissimum L. versicolor. Osmunda.× germanica I. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. A. P. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. regalis Adiantum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. carica F.
sativum var. neapolitanum A. P. lanata D. I. purpurea D. tuberosum A. grossularioides P radens P. × hortorum P. odoratissimum P. lutea Allium sativum A. Fumaria C. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. quercifolium P. scorodoprasum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × germanica Myosotis M. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. × limoneum P. Pelargonium. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . sylvatica Digitalis D. sphaerocephalum A.
fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. Z. A. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. tomentosum P. × jatrophifolium P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. T. × citrosum P. glutinosum. P. chamaedrys T. canadense T. Tragopogon. capitatum P. officinale Z. T. abrotanifolium P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. denticulatum P. tomentosum P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. quercifolium P. graveolens P. crispum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. canadense. pratensis . scabrum P graveolens P. A. × nervosum P.
rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. V. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Vitis monticola. Oxalis deppei. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. M. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus .Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. nervosa V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. C. torquata E. C.
golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
G. Lythrum. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. triacanthos G. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. C. Pulmonaria . triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. W. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. majalis Liriope. Ophiopogon L. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. L.
pedatum Hibiscus. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. lucida . leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. M. patula Calendula officinalis T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. Malva. erecta T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. alcea var. erecta T. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. tenuifolia T. M. Malva. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. A.blue M Mace. C. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. grandiflora M. erecta T.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
odorata Achillea millefolium. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. citrata M. major. majorana O. majorana O.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. vulgare O. suaveolens M. requienii M. suaveolens 'Variegata' . × piperita var. R. dictamnus O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. S. Astrantia. crispii M. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. vulgare 'Aureum' O. piperita var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. citrata. × piperita var. aquatica var. onites O. vulgare O. citrata M. O. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Spiraea alba. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. A.
arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. rubra M. olympicum. vulgaris A. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Azolla caroliniana. thapsus V.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. × gentilis M. Myrtus. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. alba Verbascum. communis. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. V. lactiflora Morus M. V. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. Myrrhis odorata. M. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Umbellularia californica. A.
minus T. P. L. tazetta Tropaeolum T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . V. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. album L. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. poeticus N. V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. nudum.
trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. hortensis A. Castilleja californica. A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. florentina. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. I. telephium Iris × germanica var. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . S. fistulosum A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fistulosum Atriplex. fragrans O. Scilla verna. cepa A. cepa. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. C. O. vulgare var. fragrans Allium. Proliferum Group A. A. cepa.
pulsatilla Passiflora P. P. patens. crispum P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . A. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. lactiflora P lactiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. neopolitanum Pastinaca. P. crispum var. A. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var.
Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. Chenopodium. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. C. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. annuum. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. A. C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. frutescens C. album Ranunculus ficaria . P frutescens Catharanthus. C. Piper C. Longum Group C. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. annuum. paniculata P. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. retroflexus. C. Grossum Group C. roseus C.
nigra P strobus P taeda P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. angustifolia var. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Plantago P. americana . P. gratianopolitanus D. taeda P. × paradisiaca. plumarius.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius D. officinalis Dianthus D. P salicina P angustifolia. Silene laciniata. C. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Prunus japonica. watsonii P maritima P. taeda Chimaphila. C. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. alpinus D. M. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. umbellata var. caryophyllus D. umbellata var.
balsamifera P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. rhoeas P. L. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. vulgare Lithospermum. E. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. biennis P. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. 0. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . Liriodendron tulipifera P. S. carnea Phytolacca americana P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.
sativum var. Diplotaxis. P. Hesperis . R. pepo C. rhabarbarum R. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. C. A.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. coccineum C. pepo Portulaca. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. canadensis C.
Rubus coronarius R. R. banksiae R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. damascena R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. sativa Rosa R. × borboniana R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana Kerria. chinensis 'Minima' R. × harisonii R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. spinosissima R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia R. gallica R. damascena 'Bifera' R. Rosa chinensis R. canina. laevigata R. moschata . gallica 'Officinalis' R. canina R.
polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. × rehderana R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. azurea subsp. microphylla S. caerula. angustissimus R. greggii S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. setigera R. R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. officinalis Limonium R. officinalis S. clevelandii S. S. rugosa R. guaranitica S. Salvia hierosolymitana . officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. sclarea S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. pitcheri S. Rosmarinus.
halimus Crithmum maritimum. S. maritimum E. marilandica Amelanchier . atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. neapolitana S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. P. leucantha S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. T. elegans S. chamaecyparissus S. montana Scabiosa S. A. virens. guaranitica S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. C. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. chamaecyparissus S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. S. Salicornia. hebecarpa. leucophylla S. viridis S.
Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.
Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. P. G. C. V. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. nivalis Lamium album. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. americana. biflorum . Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. C. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. coggygria. coggygria C. coggygria Cotinus. P.
crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. japonica Sorbaria. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. H. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. crassipes O. H. S.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. O. Ornithogalum arabicum. E. R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. officinalis thyme-leaved V.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. acetosa. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. scutatus R. V. L. pyrenaicum. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. patulum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana .
vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. dracunculus var. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca F. T vulgare T. floridus Philadelphus . Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. perennis. incana M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. O. C. vesca F. vulgare var. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. O. vulgare var. incana M. M. crispum T. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. chiloensis F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus.
sativus Cirsium Cnicus. benedictus. T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . E. marianum S. A. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Silybum marianum S. phaenopyrum C. praecox T. praecox subsp. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. C. 'Clear Gold' T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. laevigata Eupatorium. sylvestris D. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. maritima Thymus. × citriodorus T. 'Argenteus' T. pallasianus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. arcticus T. marianum S.
P. Coreopsis Linaria. radicans Bignonia capreolata. pruinosa. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. C. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. peruviana P. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. lycopersicum L. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Physalis peruviana L. alata Lycopersicon. L. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. sanctum Tulipa T. praecox subsp. lycopersicum var. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . lycopersicum var.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. sanctum O. noli-tangere. cerasiforme. I. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. P.
officinalis Polemonium. Chimaphila. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. C.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. odorata V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. P. caprea . Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. V riviniana Viola odorata V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. cornuta V. odorata V. caeruleum Clematis. canina. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. C. longifolia Chamaelaucium. cornuta 'Alba' V. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. V.
tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Corydalis sempervirens A. gmelinii A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. I.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. ambrosioides Artemisia. nudum Isatis I. annua A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. pontica. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. absinthium A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Stachys . Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. Vanilla barbellata A. W. Gaultheria procumbens. S. verticillata Chimaphila. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. V. camphorata A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. frigida A. caprea. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria.
× media 'Hatfieldii' T. I. × media 'Hicksii' T. C. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. taygetea A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . tomentosa Ilex cassine. X. millefolium A. filipendulina A. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. ageratum A. vomitoria I. lutea. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. simplicissima Cladrastis.
ageratum A. alpinus Aconitum A. cana A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. foeniculum Agave A. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. h. taygetea A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.. theophrasti Acacia A. monkshood helmut flower. Indian mallow. parlor m. fourcroydes sweet flag. napellus Acorus A. longifolia Achillea A. calamus maidenhair fern. fennel g. millefolium A. calamus Adiantum A. breviflora A. maidenhair American maidenhair. pedatum Agastache A. h. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. monkshood flowering maple. maidenhair fern.. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. five-finger f.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . sanguinary. yarrow sneezeweed.. blue giant hyssop. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. Indian mallow China jute. thousand-seal. fragrant g. nose-bleed. lion's tail anise hyssop. butter-print.
ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. ophioscorodon A.. rosea Alchemilla A. scorodoprasum A. tree o.A.. sisal hemp. reptans Alcea A. sisalana Agrimonia A. ciboule. senescens var. vulgaris Allium A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. Rosenbachianum A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. alpina A. ostrowskianum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. moly A. cive. two-bladed o. Japanese bunching o. cocklebur. Spanish o. christophii A. flowering o. purple c. hemp plant agrimony.. schnittlauch giant garlic . sativum A. garlic rocambole. githago Ajuga A.. flavum A. giganteum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. Pulchellum A. schoenoprasum A. fistulosum A. neapolitanum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. karataviense A. sativum var. serpent garlic chive.
archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. shad. cerefolium chervil angelica.. juneberry. sphaerocephalum A. Oriental garlic . chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. officinalis Anemone A. tuberosum Aloe A. barbadensis Aloysia A. caudatus Amelanchier A.glaucum A. marschalliana A. Barbados a. triphylla Althaea A. hupehensis var. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. Curasao a. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. bugloss windflower. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. medicinal a. bugloss alkanet. japonica A. pulsatilla Anethum A. canadensis Amsonia A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinarum Anchusa A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.. white m.. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. officinalis Amaranthus A. shadbush. garlic c. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. archangel. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. blanda A.
European crowfoot bearberry. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . chrysantha A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.Apium A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens var.
rusticana Artemisia A. europaeum A. kinnikinick. mugwort. sea pink thrift. annua A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. pink or white horseradish. mountain box. triphyllum subsp. albula A. gmelinii A. asarabacca wild ginger. virginicum bearberry. arborescens A. sativa A. bear's grape. old man southernwood absinthe. dracunculus var. triphyllum A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. sandberry. hog cranberry. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mealberry. lactiflora A. red cole sagebrush. stewardsonii Armeria A. dracontium A. maritima Armoracia A. creashak green-dragon. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. canadense A. pontica A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. wormwood southernwood. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. frigida A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. camphorata A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. Ludoviciana var.
perennis Berberis B. officinalis Astrantia A. wild indigo blue false indigo.Asclepias A. butterfly flower butterfly weed. orach sea orach... s. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. hortensis B Baptista B. halimus A. c. c. vulgaris. australis B. mountain spinach false indigo. papyrifera Boehmeria B. talewort. major Atriplex A. silkweed. China grass borage borage. tuberosa Asparagus A. garden o. s. jaundice berry. wild indigo. vulgaris Bellis B. nivea Borago B. tinctoria Barbarea B. rattleweed winter cress. upland cress winter cress. yellow r. B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. ruby s. saltbush orach. Chinese silk plant. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. mustard . daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. ruby s. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. c. pleurisy root. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. tuberroot. i. c. rocket. cool-tankard cole. plains f. wild blue i. piprage beet swiss chard.
oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. strawberry s. grandiflora Calendula C.. microphylla var. floridus Campanula C. eruca B..B. officinalis Calycanthus C. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. pineapple s. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. white-flowered k. koreana B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. microphylla 'Nana' B. carpatica C. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . sempervirens B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C.
radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper.. p. o. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. chili p. p. o. o. o. pimento sweet pepper s. o. persicifolia C. red p. p. s. trumpet flower. s. p. p. sweet pepper. bell p. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. green p.. p. p. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. green p.. p. C. o. p. cow-itch. rapunculus Campsis C.C.. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. s. p. p. trumpet vine. o.
shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. snakehead . Tabasco-sauce p. celandine celandine turtlehead. red p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. garden c. tinctorius Carum C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. ovata Cassia C. false saffron. Russian c... Madagascar periwinkle. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. canariensis Cedrus C..< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. cristata Cercis C. shellbark h. carvi Carya C. chili p. nobile Chelidonium C.. bastard s. deodara Celosia C. marilandica Catharanthus C. Tabasco p. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. majus Chelone cayenne p. capsicum p. illinoinensis C. senna.. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. frutescens Carthamus C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C.
. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. alecost pyrethrum. wintergreen. Spanish t. wax flower.. ambrosioides C. fat hen ambrosia. virgin's bower. devil's-darning- . Meyer 1. old-man's-beard costmary. dwarf 1. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. Chinese dwarf 1. virginiana balmony goosefoot. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. parthenium C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. cinerariifolium C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. leather flower. Dalmatia p. mint geranium. balsamita C. American w. virgilia virgin's bower. frutescens C. × superbum Cichorium C.. × jouiniana 'Mrs. red-leaved chicory bugbane. intybus Cimicifuga C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. crispus C. ladanifer Citrus C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. botrys Chimaphila C. racemosa Cistus C. Robert Brydon' C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C.. pigweed Mexican tea. feather geranium. pyrethum. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. barbe-de-capuchin. wormseed. rattletop black cohosh. leucanthemum C. lutea Clematis C. leather flower. glabra Chenopodium C. umbellata Chionanthus C. bonus-henricus C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. coccineum C.C.
orientalis Convallaria C. autumnale Comptonia C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. smoke plant. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . thorn. peregrina Consolida C. trifolia Coreopsis C. arkansana C. cneorum Coptis C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. avellana Cotinus C. majalis Convolvulus C.needle Cnicus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. apiculatus Crataegus C. benedictus Coix C. ambigua C. red haw hawthorn English h. smokebush. Chinese parsley dogwood. sativum Cornus C.. thorn apple. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. Venetian sumac. florida Corylus C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. laevigata C. quick-set. smokebush smoke tree.
sieberi C. sativus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . oblonga Cymbopogon C. gracilis Dianthus D. speciosus C. sempervirens Cydonia C.C. kotschyanus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. scoparius C.. × allwoodii D. angustifolius C.. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. maritimum Crocus C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. West Indian 1. citratus Cytisus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.
lanata D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. burning bush. spectabilis Dictamnus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. pardalianches E Echeveria E. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. gas plant.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. sativus D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. carnation. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. sylvestris Doronicum D. grandiflora D.
jacinth. torquata Euonymus E. hyemale Eranthis E.E. perfoliatum E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. poppy eucalypt. J. S. b. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. gum tree.. pungens Eleocharis E. rugosum v. epimedium barrenwort. viridis Epimedium E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. sea eryngo California poppy C. japonica Eryngium E. arvense E. dulcis Endymion E. Japanese medlar. californica Eucalyptus E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. vulgare Elaeagnus E. ironbark. plum eryngo sea holly. sea holm. blueweed. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. maritimum Eschscholzia E. Australian gum. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E.
sow-teat s. assafoetida Ficus F.s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. vulgare subsp.s. vulgare F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. major Fragaria F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . imperialis Fumaria F. finocchio. vulgare var.Euphorbia E.s. a. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgare F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. alpine s. a. chiloensis F. a. ulmaria F.
procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. runaway robin. jasminoides Gaultheria G.. ground ivy. spotted c. gardenia. our-lady's-b. dyer's greenweed. odoratum G. mock p. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. germanica G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. hexapetala G Galanthus G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. verum Gardenia G. cleavers white bedstraw. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. woodwaxen. robertianum Glechoma G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. Carolina yellow j. maculatum G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. checkerberry. vernalis H. false baby's-breath woodruff..F.. sweet w. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. Carolina jessamine Genista G. Capejasmine wintergreen. wild c. mollugo G.. honey locust. teaberry. Carolina jasmine G. triacanthos Gossypium G. hederacea Gleditsia G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. nivalis Galium G. red Robin .. alumroot herb Robert. virginiana Hedeoma H. tinctoria Geranium G. field balm. mountain tea.
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cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. angustifolium H. China rose. orientalis Hemerocallis H. curry plant false licorice. garland 1. bimlipatum j. hibiscus kenaf. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. glabra Hesperis H. matronalis Hibiscus H. petiolatum Heliotropium H. Chinese hibiscus.. blacking plant plantain lily.. Indian hemp. bastard jute.. mallow. licorice plant heliotrope. rose m. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. turnsole heliotrope. sweet r.. × luteola Herniaria H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. niger H.. giant m. lilioasphodelus H. cannabinus H. bimli j. lividus subsp.. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. corsicus H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. foetidus H. rose-of-China. Deccan h. flavescens Helenium H. Deckaner h. Hawaiian h. lemon d. daylily . atrorubens H. arborescens Helleborus H.
sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. white h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. perforatum Hyssopus H. I. box-leaved h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. box-leaved h.-John's-wort St. navelwort gotu kola St. asiatica Hypericum H. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. lupulus Hydrangea H. patulum 'Sungold' H..H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. . bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. rose h. horned h.-John's-wort St. quercifolia Hydrastis H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. European h. orangeroot. crenata var.
. × germanica var. officinale Juniperus J. lady's-earrings indigo indigo .. pseudacorus Isatis I. snapweed. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. glabra I. crested i. florentina I. cristata I. 'Great Lakes' I. alba Iris I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. chinensis var. African corn lily corn lily orris. opaca I. tinctoria Ixia I. jewelweed. woad dyer's woad. J.. horizontalis creeping j. virginiana red cedar jasmine. touch-me-not jewelweed. capensis Indigofera I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. water f. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. wilsonii Impatiens I. vomitoria 'Nana' I.I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. maculata J Jasminum J. crested dwarf i. yellow flag. spotted t. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. helenium Ipomoea I. tinctoria Inula I.
album L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. flamingo p. angustifolia subsp. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. indica Lamium L. plume flower. carnea Brazilian-plume.Justicia water willow J. dumb nettle. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. n. n. king'scrown L Lactuca L.. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . brandegeana shrimp plant J... dentata L. white d. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. bay. sweet bay laurel. d. dentata var. nobilis Lavandula L. paradise p. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. plume plant. angustifolia L. maculatum L..
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hedge plant privet.. summer s. perenne L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. sativum Leucojum L. usitatissimum Liriope L. muscari Lobelia L. marsh rosemary. candidum L. leonurus Leontopodium L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. pepperwort. lovage privet. aestivum Levisticum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. blue cardinal flower . siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. statice statice toadflax spicebush. officinale Ligustrum L. benzoin Linum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender.
pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. coral h. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. virginiana sweet alyssum. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L.. penny f. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. coronaria 'Alba' L. annua Lychnis L. honesty. catchfly mullein pink. grandiflora M. silver-dollar. campion. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. sempervirens Lunaria L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. lycopersicum var. europaeus Lysimachia L.L. money plant. gypsywort. lycopersicum var. cordata Magnolia M. moonwort. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. maritima L. satin flower honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. stellata M. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. flava L. coronaria L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. vulgaris Lythrum L.
× piperita var. bee b. 'Guiding Star' M. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. white h. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. 'Eau de Cologne' M. b. apple m. pineapple m.. musk m. pennyroyal Corsican m. curly m. aquatica M. holly barberry. American crab. Virginia c. Virginia b. incanum M. sweet b. Brampton stock. bluebells. imperial stock balm lemon b.. longifolia M. requienii M. incana Melissa M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.. cowslip. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m.. mountain g. menthella. blue barberry apple. fastigiata Marrubium M. Oregon g.. × piperita M. holly g. hupehensis Malva M. alcea var. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. lungwort bluebells.. stock stock.Mahonia M. lemon m. vulgare Matthiola M. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. × gentilis M. horsemint peppermint orange mint.. officinalis Mentha M. pulegium M. horsemint . gillyflower. holly mahonia. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. Scotch m. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. bergamot m. citrata M. angustifolia M...
fistulosa M. American m. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. b.. sylvatica Myrica M. swamp c. white b. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. menthifolia M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. b. Swedish m. sweet cicely. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Greek myrtle. fistulosa var. white bee balm pink b. candleberry. citriodora M. textilis Myosotis M.M. punctata Montia M. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. b. Oswego tea. myrrh. Manila hemp forget-me-not. winter purslane. banana abaca. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . pink b. anise. red m. odorata Myrtus M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
nepalensis P. hackmatack. veris Prunella P. angustifolia P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. brake. domestica P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. all-heal salad burnet.. balsam p. elatior P. golden hardhack. cowslip self-heal self-heal. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. Jerusalem sage. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P.Poncirus P. granatum Pyrus P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . brake bracken. sand p. hardy orange poplar.. Jerusalem cowslip white p. aspen. Americana P. five-finger shrubby c. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. widdy shrubby c. trifoliata Populus P. lungwort blue 1.. vulgaris Prunus P. heal-all. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. pasture b. hog-pasture b. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. persica Pteridium P. tacamahac cinquefoil. maritima P. pensylvanica P.
sativum Rosa R.. stellata R Ranunculus R. rose. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. crowfoot lesser celandine... pie plant. pygmy r. gallica damask r. purshiana Rheum R. canina R.Quercus Q. brier Banksia r. banksiae R. moss r. ficaria Reseda R. brier r.. alpinum R. dog r. eglanteria R. gooseberry alpine c. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. dyer's rocket rhubarb. chinensis 'Minima' R. sweetbrier French r. dog b. luteola Rhamnus R.. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. garden r. fairy r. 'Cinderella' R. autumn damask r.. × borboniana R. Bourbon r. mountain c. pilewort mignonette weld. York-and-Lancaster r. red currant. garden c. moss r. . typhina Ribes R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. small c. China r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. cabbage r. eglantine.
. polyantha r. angustissimus R. spinosissima R. Turkestan r. Harison's yellow r. hirta Rumex R. climbing r. sorrel. setigera R. prairie r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.'Officinalis' R. burnet r. Cherokee r.. laevigata R. climbing r. rugosa R. wichuraiana R. bitter d. chinquapin r. madder bramble blackberry. French sorrel rue . rosemary pine-scented r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. garden sorrel broad dock. golden p. × harisonii R. moschata R. Japanese r. acetosa R. tinctorum Rubus R. dock s. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. r. chestnut r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. rosemary white r. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. prostrate rosemary. Scotch r. 'Schneezwerg' R. snowdwarf memorial r. musk r. obtusifolius R.. roxburghii R. × rehderana R..
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American e. sclarea S. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. osier goat willow. elderberry American e. clary annual clary elder. bloodroot red puccoon. argentea S. purple g. pussy willow sage. leucantha S. canadensis willow. garden s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. viridis Sambucus S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. gray sage. greggii S. guaranitica S. s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. s. microphylla S. bloodroot rue . Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. purple variegated garden s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. elegans S. variegated garden s. golden g. caerula S. Mexican bush s. leucophylla S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. clevelandii S. involucrata S. caprea Salvia S.
pincushion flower pincushions. devil's tongue. virens Saponaria S. marianum Sium S. trifasciata Santolina S. melongena var.. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. neapolitana S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. mad apple . atropurpurea Sedum S. morganianum S.. canadensis Sansevieria S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. hortensis S. jasminoides S. Mary's t.. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. mourning-bride stonecrop. live-forever houseleek. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. hemp plant snake plant. milk t. officinalis Sassafras S. skirret potato vine eggplant. live-forever houseleek. blessed t. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. sweet s. roof h. lucky plant.Sanguisorba S. sisarum Solanum S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. albidum Satureja S. hen-and-chickens.. tectorum Silybum S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. pinnata S. St. telephium Sempervivum S. good-luck plant.
laciniata Persian lilac S.. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. Aztec m. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. lilac . byzantina S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. laevis Symphytum S. reticulata var. patula melongene. big m. woundwort lamb's-ears.. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. grandiflora S. officinale S. californica Sorbaria S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. lutea Stokesia S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. × persica var. erecta marigold African m. officinale Syringa S. hedge nettle. vulgaris 'Addie V. sorbifolia Sorbus S. americana Stachys S.
tansy tansy. upright y. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. sweet mace French m. wood sage germander dwarf. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. culinary golden lemon t. columnar y. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T.. crispum Taraxacum T. marum Thuja T. signet m. filifolia T. vulgare T. occidentalis Thymus T. dense y. yew conical y. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. lucida T. vulgare var. canadense T. . germander American g. carnosus T.. dwarf m. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. procumbent g.. 'Argenteus' T. fruticans T. lemon t. officinale Taxus T.T.
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romero clover red clover star jasmine. glabrescens T.. zygis Torenia T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. t. caraway t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. lemon t. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls.. jasminoides Tragopogon T. crimson c. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. . wishbone flower. creeping t. red c. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. odorus t. herba-barona T. richardii subsp. doerfleri T. t. woolly thyme creeping t. pallasianus T. serpyllum T. praecox T. lanatum Trifolium T. nitidus T. confederatej. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. praecox subsp. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. not culinary French t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. leucotrichus T. pratensis Trichostema T. nummularius T.
serpyllifolia nasturtium. . laevifolium Valeriana V. 'Blizzard' T. kaufmanniana T. 'Sweet Harmony' T. bitter Indian garden n. species t. early. officinalis Verbascum V. dioica V Vaccinium V. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. thapsus Veronica V. huckleberry. water-lily t. speedwell. squill. minus Tsuga T. pale yellow Darwin t. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. blattaria V. tawny orange t. tarda T. officinalis V. Indian cress dwarf n. clusiana T. majus T. olympicum V. nettle stinging n. cranberry.. garden heliotrope mullein moth m.. mullein mullein. flannel plant. blueberry. canadensis Tulipa T. angustifolium var. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. 'General de Wet' T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. tall n. maritima Urtica U. velvet p. red s.Tropaeolum T. farfara U Urginea U.
violet dog violet horned v. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. myrtle. sweet h. withe-rod vetiver. acerifolium V. zizanioides Viburnum V. lutea 'Splendens' V. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. ladies-delight. minor Viola V. maple-leaved viburnum. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. carlesii V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. sheepberry. heartsease. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.. lesser p. nannyberry. prunifolium Vinca V. running m. tricolor V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. canina V. cassinoides V. heartsease pansy.Vetiveria V.. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. khus-khus. arrowwood. odorata V.. possum haw .
needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. ginger. Adam's-needle. Canton g.