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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
Neither knew what it meant to make a book. and the experience provided the final section of the book. for they had no model and no guide. wheedling. This was not to be. especially poetry. build it. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. and the publisher. carefully chosen. Then. responded with delight. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. seven years ago. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. This they did. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. whether all their labor was to no avail. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. more of them exist to serve as examples. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. The turning point came when. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. With false starts and honest stops. alterations. pushing. Ginny had done some writing. successes. with sparkling enthusiasm. It needs no sequel. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. Again they revised. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Their energy and charm caught me up. punching. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. and record every detailall of the failures. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. bereft of hope.
these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. and these are capitalizedfor example. degree of maintenance required. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Italics are always used for botanical names. English thyme. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. and educational purpose. Not all plants used are herbs. To achieve this. A range of essential factors is considered herein. former generic names. rather. 1969 and 1980. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. we completed a test garden. by their owners. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. The herb garden designs alone. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Likewise. while others were prepared by landscape designers." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. . hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. historical interest. We. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. although countless common names exist. without accompanying commentary. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Some of these were created by landscape architects. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. the authors. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. or by contributors. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. specialty. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book.
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For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Herbert J. past presidents. and Elizabeth Bryce. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. The late Raymond C. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Susan Frugé. A lecturer on herbs. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. M. Lee Buss. Alice Skelsey. has given us valuable information. Nell Neff. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Betty Rea. Wanda Ritchie. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Eleanor Gambee. have also been of assistance. which made possible the completion of our text.. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Richard T. and August Frugé. Genevieve Jyurovat. former director of same. Special thanks are due James C. His assistant. Keebler and the late Everest P. as expediter and typist. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Finally. Swanson and Robert B.D. Jo Lohmolder. and Joanna Reed.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. We are grateful to many. and Rexford Talbert. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Derthick. FAITH H. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Recognition is due Robert B. too. president. has been especially helpful over the years. She has served. former managing editors. librarian. Isaacson. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Weatherhead. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Alexander Apanius. Trudi Bela. Rady. and the horticulturist. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. the north point will have been indicated. and structures. to increase the value of the property. and decisions must not be left to chance. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. lay out a plan of the property. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. fences. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. temples of worship.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. partially excavated area. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. not at all difficult to maintain. If no . As one constantly reinforces the other. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. As Henry Beston reflects. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. and hedges will have been located. new ways of seeing. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times." A good design does not "happen. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. In order to create a fine garden design. a front dooryard. Perennial herbs. Its interest is independent of flowers. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. or an abandoned. new plants. "Not difficult to plan. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. some of which are evergreen.
Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. < previous page page_2 next page > . and hedges. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. Here. fences.
< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. measure to locate the house. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. The object is to . will give the lot or acreage measurements. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. and the driveway. In this example. to locate the house. Next. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. too. In the absence of a survey map. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. A deed description. Other areas may require a smaller scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. but with all needed information. Here. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. such as the one illustrated here. too. other significant structures.
plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. shrubs. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. lines at an angle. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. The tools needed for drawing are few. and unusual land features noted. < previous page page_3 next page > . enclosures. triangleof inexpensive plastic. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. paths. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and parallel lines. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. The smaller the scale. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. driveway. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler.
few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. One basic rule is the higher the wall. bayberry. With the plan on paper. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. gazebo. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. or summer kitchen is ideal. A toolhouse. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. old smokehouse. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. In the absence of a structure. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. In the designs that follow. However. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . and stone. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. Upkeep. brick. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. greenhouse. garage. and holly. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. In some cases. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. iron. and hedges of hemlock. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. yew.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. a temporary garden that may be changed later. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. holly. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. so give them much thought. whether it will be rocks. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. bricks. as an example. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. it will seem too sparsely planted. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. they can be made to order. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. or. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. used for dry wall or masonry construction. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. if wood is the material of choice. If desired. If used. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. In some climates. and their styles are countless. Styles are legion. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. At first. such as bayberry. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Stone. When used with a hedge. box. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. the garden design is most attractive. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Stained. gray surfaces are found. some deciduous and some evergreen. Generally. When this reinforcement is understated. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. elegant box. or pressure-treated lumber. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. Allow adequate room within the row. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Where air circulation is much needed. however. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. or natural. For example. Gates are part of the enclosure. as in outdoor room dividers. painted. Brick is the all-time favorite material. too. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. landscape timbers. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. railroad ties. Lower cost is an advantage. but the results will confirm this course. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Equally important is proportion. . a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. annual painting is a necessity. yew. Whatever the reason. cut stones. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. and rosemary. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. for reinforcing the design. deeply evergreen. Rosemary. for example.
the steps created will be forever an annoyance. Conversely. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. awkward and unsafe. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. there is a necessary.Steps When constructing steps.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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and maintenance. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. The colors are various: terracotta. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. their use no less than comfortable. but should be compatible with. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. or red. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. too. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. It is a general rule that the less the riser. cost. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. making the design more evident. . Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Step materials need not be the same as. There are. for example. rosy pink. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. A width of four feet allows room for turning. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. appearance. however. Paths must be ample. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. If groups are walking through. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. the greater the tread. because they are just that. Access paths. Their width needs to be no less than adequate.
A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.
lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.
When they mature. shad Malus coronaria. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. With these recommendations in mind. If the garden is made up of separate beds. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. too. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. they should not shade the herbs too much. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. a result being hazardous footing. prepare a planting plan for each. bark or pine needles can be used. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. a soft-lead pencil in hand. This. shrubs. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. and many good references are available. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > .) To avoid having a slippery surface. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. is an enjoyable experience. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. or trees to be considered. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. They are easily renewed as they break down. serviceberry.
Do use a soft-lead pencil. however. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. noting well their growth habits.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. too. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. whether they are invasive or tall growing. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Artifacts As with other gardens. one-half inch equals one foot. for example. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. 'Mount Hood daff. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. it is easily read and easily erased. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. or whatever is best in your case. lemon thyme. for example. Sept. It needs. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. a focal point is customarily used. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. such as the one illustrated here.
< previous page page_9 next page > . and a good sense of proportion is achieved. It is then in scale with its frame. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. If a statue less than life-size is used.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Again. the height of a fence to the house. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. a niche of its own should be created.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
Except for two. the designs have a decorative north point. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. that of good proportion.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. a stylized drawing of an ovary. However. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. dill cerasiforme. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Satureja montana. 4. The first number in each planting area is the key number.Viola tricolor.Ocimum basilicum. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. sativa. lemon 15. lovage 17. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Poterium sanguisorba.L. Foeniculum vulgare. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. 3. 7. Landscape Architect. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Satureja hortensis. or other structure. 6. Lavenders accent the front corners. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 26.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. 5. A.Origanum majorana. salad burnet 12.Lavandula savory angustifolia. With color and texture considered for contrast. which is used here in relation to a garage. summer 23. fennel 2.Galium odoratum. 16. 21. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. 22. lemon balm . sweet 25.Lobularia maritima.Pelargonium graveolens. a fence. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. rose 24.A. 1.S. bee balm 13. arcticus 27. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. 14. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Allium 11. The rules of symmetry are observed.Melissa officinalis.
curly parsley 10. Pelargonium × limoneum. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Petroselinum crispum var. costmary 'Albus'. Greek 28. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > . leek 9. 19.8. Chrysanthemum balsamita. dwarf garden 20. chive 18.Origanum heracleoticum.Salvia officinalis.Porrum Group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.
Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium tomentosum. 17. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 12.Poterium sanguisorba. white 20. curly parsley sativa. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. 13. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. rose 19.Lavandula angustifolia. summer 10. bush basil 3. lemon verbena 21. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Petroselinum crispum var. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. French tarragon 2. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 11. 18. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Allium schoenoprasum. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. fennel English lavender geranium 4.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Monarda didyma. 9. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var.Foeniculum vulgare. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. as was done here. . It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.
Heliotropium arborescens.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.salad burnet 6.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. eglantine 23. English thyme dill 8. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Rosa eglanteria. English'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Galium odoratum. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. 14. 16. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Thymus × citriodorus.
Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. parsley 5. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Taxus cuspidata. lemon thyme 10. Then the design might need to be expanded.Satureja hortensis. still observing a scale.A. 1. dill 2. The number in each planting area is the key number. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. however. English thyme Greek oregano 4. Origanum heracleoticum.Mentha spicata. summer savory 11. and the plan could be used at a front door.Artemisia dracunculus var. 13.Chionanthus virginicus.S. . The image would soon give way to other considerations.Poterium sanguisorba.Petroselinum crispum.Levisticum officinale. lovage 15. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. Japanese yew 17. 9. A.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. spearmint 16. Even in limited space. The garden is conveniently located. garden sage 8. Origanum majorana. 7.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet marjoram 3.L. sativa. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares.Salvia officinalis. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. however. making the beds larger and the paths wider. salad burnet 14.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.
Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6. sweet basil chive 12.
shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Jacob's-ladder 3.Polystichum acrostichoides. blue lungwort 26.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . lemon thyme 28.Convallaria majalis. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. cinnamon fern 4. This is an intimate garden.Humulus lupulus. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 18.Digitalis grandiflora. wild ginger 27. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. fraxinella 15. Christmas fern 5. summer 21.Thymus × citriodorus. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 9. garden sage 17. The number in each planting area is the key number.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. yellow 29. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Dictamnus albus. Monarda didyma. Landscape Architect. 13. 7. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Stachys byzantina. bee balm 14.Artemisia dracunculus var. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.A.L.Origanum majorana. the challenge is obvious.Primula vulgaris. The long. 25. Viola odorata. A. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Osmunda cinnamomea. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. salad 20.Allium ampeloprasum.Teucrium chamaedrys. fennel 19.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. leek Foeniculum vulgare. 32. lavender marjoram 2. 1. 31.Pulmonaria officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Polemonium reptans. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. 8. 30. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Asarum canadense. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 6. sweet violet 16. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 33.S. hop sativa.
Tsuga canadensis.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36. French thyme woodruff koreana.Galium odoratum.Galium verum. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Sorbus americana.Satureja montana.Petroselinum crispum var. winter savory 24. crispum.Buxus microphylla var. sweet 34.Korean box 11.savory germander Willmott'.lilac 10. 35.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. French'. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . Canada hemlock Standard'. yellow bedstraw 23.
French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Surprisingly.Aloysia triphylla. To be placed near the kitchen. it became part of the patio. Italian parsley . Even so.Rumex scutatus.Salvia officinalis. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. devoted to a "yearly surprise. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. garden sage 20.Origanum heracleoticum. lemon verbena 2." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. One of the beds. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. dill 10. It is a pleasing. 1. 19. this design can be an inspiration.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. geometric design. neapolitanum.Petroselinum crispum var. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.
Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum. salad 15.17. purple basil 4.Myrrhis odorata. sweet 18. curly parsley 22. garlic chive 26.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Origanum majorana.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. sweet 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum 12.Melissa officinalis. summer savory 23.Artemisia dracunculus var. 16. lemon basil 9. borage 'Purpurascens'. French tarragon 5. lemon balm cicely 6.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.3. basil sativa.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. Alpine strawberry 7. chive 25. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Borago officinalis. sweet 14. winter savory 24. crispum.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Allium tuberosum.Allium schoenoprasum. English thyme bush basil 8.Anthriscus cerefolium.Satureja montana. chervil marjoram 21.Petroselinum crispum var.
Created in an orderly way. green santolina 12. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. 14. English lavender 10. it is an unusual. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Satureja montana.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. As a whole.Rosmarinus officinalis. English thyme lemon thyme 11. the work paths could be eliminated.Lavandula angustifolia. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. To increase the planting area.Stachys byzantina. sweet 13. lamb's-ears 20. too.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. winter 21. D.C.Galium odoratum. so. sweet cicely 23.Hyssopus officinalis. The center beds here were established in this way.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina virens. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. it is full of interesting angles. 1. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. scented-leaf geranium 2.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Pelargonium in variety. rosemary 3. blue 22.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Myrrhis odorata. gray . New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. 19. geometric design. purple basil 4.
germander 16. camphor-scented wormwood 8. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . American southernwood holly 17.Dianthus caryophyllus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. horehound24.Teucrium chamaedrys. French thyme santolina 15. classic myrtle 9. clove pink 7.Myrtus communis.Salvia officinalis.6. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 25.Ilex opaca.Artemisia abrotanum.Marrubium vulgare.
lemon balm 22.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. yarrow 12. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. purple basil 3. 1. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Borago officinalis. Coix lacryma-jobi. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. English lavender 6. which adds its impression of warmth.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and if an herb garden is to be created at all.Artemisia absinthium.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Calendula officinalis. absinthe 26. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Its arrow points north and. tansy 25. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. Sometimes space is limited. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. winter savory 16.Satureja montana. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sweet basil 4. Galium odoratum. blue hyssop 2. pot marigold 24. Achillea millefolium. casts the shadow for the hour. too. sativa. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. This center of interest is of particular note. borage 23. this herb garden is secluded. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. Job's tears 11. Lavandula angustifolia. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. French tarragon 14. arcticus 21.Tanacetum vulgare.Chamaemelum .Melissa officinalis. Ocimum basilicum.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. rosemary 15. sweet woodruff 5. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. gray santolina 13.
Syringa. Salvia officinalis. scented-leaf 27. comfrey20. marjoram pecan 10. variegated garden sage 8. sweet 29. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Chrysanthemum balsamita. costmary 'Albus'. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Salvia elegans. chamomile 17. pineapplescented sage 9. wild marjoram 28. garden sage 19.Origanum majorana.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. chive 18.Carya illinoinensis.Pelargonium in variety.7.Origanum vulgare. white creeping thyme nobile.Symphytum officinale.
parsley 17.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Allium sativum. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Artemisia dracunculus var. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Ipomoea alba. 8. garlic Levisticum officinale.Apium graveolens.Galium odoratum. 1.Satureja hortensis. lovage 22.Origanum majorana.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. 18. true ginger16. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.Pelargonium × limoneum. French sorrel 21. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Myrrhis odorata.Melissa officinalis. 5.Allium schoenoprasum. rue 31.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. sunken into the ground. horehound 33. 7. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. hyssop Meyer lemon . 3. 36. 6.Salvia officinalis. summer 32. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 4. When controlled in this way. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. blue 23.Ruta graveolens. sativa. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. sweet cicely 37. purple basil Zingiber officinale. The more invasive ones. 30. 9. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. lemon balm 35.Pelargonium graveolens. sweet 34. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Teucrium chamaedrys. Anthriscus cerefolium. 29. rose geranium 2. dill 20. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 19. chervil 15.
lemon verbena 11.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Magnolia virginiana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 27. English thyme 26. sweet basil 38. lemonthyme 28.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha spicata.Tropaeolum minus.Aloysia triphylla. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . Japanese yew 39. French thyme 24. salad burnet 25.Origanum heracleoticum.Ocimum basilicum.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.10. dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. Greek oregano 12. bush basil 14.
It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. a quick way to ensure good drainage. simplify!." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. whatever the reason. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. however. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. < previous page page_22 next page > . "Simplify. but. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
The number in each planting area is the key number.Impatiens capensis. 18.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. spicebush absinthe French'. sweet 17. sweet 25.Lindera benzoin. tansy 11. peppermint 23. lettuce 10. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . 1.Mentha spicata.Mentha x piperita. French tarragon 5.Anethum graveolens.Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum.Origanum majorana.Ruta graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. dill 13. summer basil savory 7. aloe Grossum Group.Allium fistulosum. balm sativa. 12. garden sage 3.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 15.Artemisia absinthium. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. jewelweed24.Galium odoratum. bell pepper 6.Petroselinum crispum. spearmint 21. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Monarda didyma. lemon 22.Capsicum frutescens. arcticus.Melissa officinalis. parsley 2.Lactuca sativa. 26. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 16.Tanacetum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum.Hedeoma pulegioides. 14.Salvia officinalis.Satureja hortensis. bee balm 19. rue 20.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Aloe barbadensis.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. 1. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Perovskia abrotanoides.Pelargonium in variety. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. A low wall of brick. Russian 13. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus praecox subsp. horizontally laid bluestone. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. encloses this plan. . Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. too. French thyme 2. faced and capped with random.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. germander 7. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Teucrium chamaedrys. 8. arcticus 14. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place.
Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris. lady's6. crimson creeping thyme 9.angustifolia. arcticus 'Albus'. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. trumpet vine 16. blue 11.-John'swort 17.Hyssopus officinalis.Santolina neapolitana 4.Melissa officinalis. witch hazel 18.Viburnum cassinoides.Galium odoratum.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . lemon thyme 10. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. white creeping thyme 5. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Thymus praecox subsp. Thymus × citriodorus.Hamamelis virginiana. lavender 3. lemon balm hyssop 12. St.Campsis radicans.
the shrubsyew. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. however. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Although this is not a large garden. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. holly. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. lilac. However. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. box. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. It is. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. < previous page page_28 next page > . Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. Germander is a proper edging here.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
sweet cicely17. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. columnal yew 43. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Stachys byzantina. mint silver mound artemisia 25.20. Alchemilla vulgaris. orris 38. red creeping thyme 10. Simkins'. Myrrhis odorata.Ruta graveolens. crimson creeping thyme 31.Santolina virens.Chamaemelum nobile. woolly thyme 7.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. fringed wormwood 16.Comptonia peregrina. sweet albula. rue 6. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. arcticus 'Albus'.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Cytisus supinus. 23. alpine strawberry 8. shrubby cinquefoil 46. lilac 45.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. 26. white creeping thyme 37.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. dwarf box 41. gray sage savory 14. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. cottage pink 2. Japanese holly 42. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Syringa patula. Thymus praecox subsp.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. lady's. sweet violet 19.Borago officinalis. mantle chamomile 5. blue horehound hyssop 3. green 27. Marrubium vulgare. classic myrtle 15. 9.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. dwarf privet 48. lamb'sears 35.Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Hyssopus officinalis.Myrtus communis. lavender 22.Teucrium chamaedrys. 12.Iris cristata. clary 30.Dictamnus albus. Mentha requienii. prostrate rosemary 13. Japanese yew 44.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 18.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. Japanese holly 47. broom 40.Iris × germanica var.Artemisia frigida.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. florentina.Santolina pinnata 34. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . Corsican 24. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. winter 29. germander 36.Eloise & Jo Ray. santolina alpine pink 28.Salvia sclarea.Salvia leucophylla. 21.Anemone pulsatilla. Thymus praecox subsp.Satureja montana. Viola odorata. 1.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Artemisia camphorata. 32. Heliotropium arborescens.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white hyssop 4. fraxinella 33. dwarf crested iris 39.
Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The direction a path takes can add interest. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. while adding to the enclosure of the area. This hedge. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. an herb garden.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. and a vegetable garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and one has an inset for a garden seat. a cutting garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. as is true here in the vegetable garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. Other paths are brick. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. the center of interest for the herb garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. a running bond pattern.
< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Landscape Architect.A.S. . A.L.
Satureja hortensis.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Hemerocallis × luteola. pale 28. 22. French tarragon 8. verbena rose chive 11. green santolina 42. 32.Petroselinum crispum var. blue 27.Rosa damascena savory crispum. statice Solemacher'.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. French thyme 7. Achillea taygetea. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Aloysia triphylla.Helleborus niger.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Salvia officinalis. plantain lily 2. 37. Anethum graveolens 23.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . clary 46.Origanum heracleoticum.Polystichum acrostichoides.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. alpine strawberry 3. Dictamnus albus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. 50. bush basil 41. yellow 35. garden sage 56. lavender 18.Teucrium chamaedrys. 53. lamb's-ears 49.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. alpine currant 'Mariesii'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. helenium 4.Stachys byzantina. yellow daylily sweet bay 19. 55. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. 52. 14.Stokesia laevis.Allium schoenoprasum.Santolina virens.Artemisia dracunculus var. yellow 24. fraxinella 26. Campanula persicifolia.Pelargonium in variety.Limonium latifolium. blue iris 9.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. dill wishbone flower 5. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Galium odoratum.Origanum majorana. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. 47.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. lemon thyme 40.Lilium candidum. Christmas 48. sweet marjoram 45. Louise'. 1. lemon 29. double white peony of-Persia 12. yellow epimedium 15. white 'Bouquet'.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Hyssopus officinalis.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. starsMaxima'. summer 34.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Digitalis grandiflora.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. cottage pink French'. York-andLancaster rose 16.Satureja montana. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Salvia sclarea.Allium christophii. columbine dwarf marigold 6. Stokes' aster 31. Rosmarinus officinalis. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Magnolia virginiana. winter savory 44.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet 51. germander 39.Ribes alpinum. Aquilegia chrysantha.Ocimum basilicum 54. blue hyssop 43. sativa.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. candytuft Standard'.
The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. a retaining wall or walls are needed. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. While serving as a soil retainer. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. as in this case. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. < previous page page_32 next page > . A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden.
English 44. lamb's25.Galium odoratum.Viola odorata.Iris pseudacorus. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.45. Melissa officinalis. F.R.Aloysia triphylla. Ocimum basilicum. Stachys byzantina.Solanum pseudocapsicum. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. 42. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.A. 1.Allium schoenoprasum.A. sweet 23. The number in each planting area is the key number. Landscape Architect. bee balm 24. spearmint 41. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Thymus × citriodorus. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. . lady's43. Borago officinalis. lemon verbena 46.Alchemilla vulgaris.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Tanacetum vulgare var. crispum. Monarda didyma. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Mentha spicata.Iris cristata. 21. borage 26. lemon 22.Lavandula angustifolia.
citrata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly mint 30. mullein chive 47.Foeniculum vulgare. pink hawthorn 16.Cassia marilandica. garlic chive 48. fennel 35.Ruta graveolens.Elaeagnus pungens. Rosmarinus officinalis. polyantha rose 12. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Satureja hortensis. absinthe English thyme 27. curly parsley oak 17.Mentha pulegium.Artemisia abrotanum.Nepeta cataria.Allium ampeloprasum.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Anethum graveolens.Petroselinum crispum var.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. 37. pennyroyal 54. Greek 53. horehound neapolitanum. clove 55. carpet bugleweed 8. 33. dill 34. summer 32.Salvia officinalis. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . southernwood 31.Artemisia absinthium. garden sage 36. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. Poterium sanguisorba. tabasco senna pepper 20. wild 39. Porrum Group.Rosa × rehderana.Capsicum frutescens.Petroselinum crispum var.7.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. catnip 50.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. sweet marjoram 28. 56. 40. savory sativa. pineapple38.Allium cepa. salad burnet 10. 52. myrtle 58. orange mint 29.Dianthus caryophyllus. French tarragon holly 13.Crataegus arkansana. flowering dogwood 15. post crispum 'Banquet'. 57. leek 49.Artemisia dracunculus var.Vinca minor.Cornus florida.Salvia elegans. Egyptian onion 11.Origanum majorana. rosemary 9.Quercus stellata. rue 51.Origanum heracleoticum. Proliferum Group.Allium sativum. Ajuga reptans.Mentha × piperita var.Marrubium vulgare.Allium tuberosum.
A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. Although this is a northeast exposure. mothproofing bags. However. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. sleep pillows. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. and vinegars. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. < previous page page_34 next page > .< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. which are a good way to supply controlled shade.
Wilcox.< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect .
'Monge'.Laurus nobilis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tanacetum vulgare.Pelargonium fragrans. dwarf nasturtium 37. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. sativa.Galium odoratum. peppermint geranium 40. lemon verbena 36.Mentha spicata. 'President Poincare'. 1. 49. 23. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Tropaeolum minus. garden sage 2. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. lavender 7.Allium pulchellum 47.Artemisia abrotanum. Egyptian onion 42.Monarda didyma. nutmeg geranium 39.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Satureja montana. Lactuca.Rosmarinus officinalis.Pelargonium × limoneum. anise hyssop 14. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 50. daylily in variety 41.Iris × germanica var. crispum. winter 29.Agastache foeniculum.Artemisia dracunculus var. garden 'Purpurascens'.Allium sphaerocephalum. lettuce in variety 25. costmary 5.Levisticum officinale.Salvia oficinalis. 24. Hallock'.Calendula officinalis. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > .Salvia elegans. lemon 18.Aloysia triphylla. florentina. Ruta graveolens.Pelargonium tomentosum. blue hyssop 35. 21.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Roman 20. bay 48. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. American rosemary arborvitae 34. lemon 31.Hemerocallis. bee balm 30. French tarragon 10.Thuja occidentalis. English finger-bowl geranium 38. 19.Hyssopus officinalis . Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive 43.Ocimum basilicum 27. balm valerian 15. pot 28.Allium moly. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. lily leek 44.Pelargonium graveolens. burnet lovage 6.Allium sativum var. lilac 32. southernwood 9. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. Petroselinum crispum var.Melissa officinalis.Allium cepa. Artemisia pontica. Proliferum Group.Rumex scutatus. tansy 16. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. orris 17.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. round-headed garlic 46. purple basil sage 11. Poterium sanguisorba.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. Thymus × citriodorus. rue 26. salad 22.Valeriana officinalis.Tsuga canadensis.
Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. is the focus of the middle level. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A simple knot. Invasive. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. < previous page page_36 next page > . A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden.
< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Marrubium vulgare. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. pineapplescented sage 47.Poterium sanguisorba. golden thyme . thyme 3. 1. French tarragon 44. houseleek 45.Artemisia dracunculus var.Monarda didyma. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. white thrift 24. sativa.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. pineapple mint 22. Valeriana officinalis.Salvia elegans. fennel 25. Digitalis purpurea. horehound 46. summer savory 43. valerian 5. dwarf winter savory 2. bee balm 26. salad burnet 23.Sempervivum tectorum.Foeniculum vulgare. foxglove 4. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Satureja hortensis.Armeria maritima.
Lavandula angustifolia. lavender Christmas rose 11. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Symphytum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis. 40. germander 56. French'. Madonna cicely lily 12.Rosa chinensis.Galium verum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Crocus sativus. blue hyssop 57. sweet 37.Helleborus orientalis. sweet basil sage 27. arcticus 55. Isatis tinctoria.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Galium odoratum.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. marigold chive 15. annual clary 51.Rosa eglanteria. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Sium sisarum. viper's 34.Lilium candidum. white 58.6. 54. 30. garden 42. sweet 50.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'.Eranthis hyemalis. absinthe 53. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Ocimum basilicum.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49.Levisticum officinale.Laurus nobilis. English 52. winter bugloss 'Albus'. Angelica archangelica. 61. rue 31.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Alchemilla vulgaris.Artemisia absinthium.Calendula officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum 36.Rosmarinus officinalis.Echium vulgare.Myrrhis odorata. pink 62. angelica Lenten rose 10.Salvia viridis. clary 48.Origanum majorana. pot 35. rosemary 28. 33. 39.Helleborus niger. pink 59. feverfew climbing rose 16. white creeping thyme aconite 14. fraxinella 8.Ruta graveolens.Anemone pulsatilla. skirret 60.Foeniculum vulgare. Dictamnus albus. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. China rose comfrey 19. sweet 32. parthenium.Agrimonia eupatoria. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Salvia sclarea.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. dwarf edging box 21. 38.Thymus praecox subsp.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. dyer's woad 7. yellow 41.
Carya ovata. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and the shagbark hickory. However. < previous page page_38 next page > . Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. There is variety in this plan. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. even though space is limited. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds.
< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.
fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. sativa. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. germander Agastache foeniculum. green santolina Primula veris. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. stewardsonii. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. valerian Rosa damascena. box Ruta graveolens. lamb's. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. flax Buxus sempervirens. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. angelica Mondarda didyma. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. box Carya ovata. citrata. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. borage Petroselinum crispum. red mint . sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var.Galium verum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. Marrubium vulgare. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. Asarum canadense. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. dogwood Salvia sclarea. Adiantum pedatum. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. Artemisia absinthium.Arisaema triphyllum. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. Poterium sanguisorba. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. sweet basil Satureja montana. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rue Cornusflorida. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. French Galium odoratum. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. Canada Isatis tinctoria. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. chive Ilex opaca. Aloysia triphylla. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. box Buxus sempervirens. rosemary Anchusa officinalis.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. too. first intended for the construction of a cottage. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. For this appearance. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. is on a sandy knoll. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. a dipping pool there. An informal. this excavation. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. < previous page page_40 next page > . unplanned look was desired. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. A clump of birch here. A singular statue of St. it is open on the side facing the house. However. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
12. fern-leaf tansy 23.Allium favum lovage 22.Vinca minor.Artemisia abrotanum. 59. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 79. golden 37. 75. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. lamb's-ears parsley 19. winter savory 20. Thymus praecox subsp. mint 50. 33. catnip 73. pennyroyal 46. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 77.Monarda didyma. 69.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. 58.Hyssopus officinalis. 76.Ocimum basilicum.Digitalis purpurea. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Pelargonium graveolens. 53.Valeriana officinalis. apple mint 49.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. peppermint 47. marsh 42. 61. rue 29.Pelargonium denticulatum.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. white birch English lavender parthenium.Nepeta cataria. lemon balm 44. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. rose geranium 10. 'Prostratus'.Chrysanthemum 80. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Stachys byzantina.Viola tricolor.Glechoma hederacea. chive crispum. garden sage lungwort 57.Thymus herba-barona.Salvia elegans.Pulmonaria officinalis. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Origanum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia. gray scented sage santolina 4.Petroselinum crispum. blue 2. pot 66. purple basil 9. myrtle 14. 72.Myrrhis odorata.Anthriscus cerefolium.Mentha spicata.Santolina florentina. 70. pineapple3.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Mentha pulegium.Consolida orientalis. 38. 60.Urginea maritima.Chelidonium majus.Pelargonium crispum. orris chamaecyparissus. Iris × germanica var. 63. red mint 48.Monarda fistulosa. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 30.Pelargonium tomentosum. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Tanacetum vulgare var. bee balm . French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 32. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Coriandrum sativum. 34. rose bergamot valerian 25. thrift55. 36.The number in each planting area is the key number. 8.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa 'Merry England'. feverfew 27.Mentha × gentilis. sea onion angelica 24. wild 43. Johnny-jump-up54. Ruta graveolens.Armeria maritima. 64. orange geranium 11.Ajuga reptans.Thymus praecox subsp. Sempervivum tectorum. sweet 71.Betula papyrifera. lemon 35. 31. wild 51.Althaea officinalis.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 65.Digitalis grandiflora. spearmint 45.Levisticum officinale. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 74. 78.Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Origanum onites.Satureja montana.Salvia officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Marrubium vulgare.Angelica archangelica. celandine cicely 18. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 68. 52. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. creeping juniper 26.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 1.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. French'. woolly thyme 13. 67.Melissa officinalis. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Pelargonium quercifolium.Achillea tomentosa.Convallaria majalis.Mentha suaveolens.Teucrium canadense.Satureja hortensis.Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus × citriodorus.
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there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. the same as the smokehouse construction. is used for the wall. making it more a part of the herb garden. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. Because of the edging box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. Foundation stone. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. the accents of the six large box. and the two small trees. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. < previous page page_42 next page > .
.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.L. Landscape Architect.A.S.
21.Myrrhis odorata. orange mint 19.Ocimum basilicum 32.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Prunus domestica. 22. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . lemon 36. Ocimum basilicum 24. dwarf edging box 14. 'Purpurascens'. Rosmarinus officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia.The number in each planting area is the key number. verbena English thyme 5. Dictamnus albus. winter 42.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha × piperita var. 44.Allium giganteum.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 39.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. rosemary 3. sweet 26. Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja montana. 27. blue angelica lungwort 20. purple basil sativa. 40. sweet cicely45.Artemisia dracunculus var. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. lemon 34. Origanum majorana.Crataegus laevigata.Artemisia frigida.Melissa officinalis. sweet 37. fringed 43.Chrysanthemum 28. white 23.Ocimum basilicum. 1.Angelica archangelica.Aloysia triphylla. 35. species in variety crispum. box 'Citriodorum'.38. lady's. Asarum europaeum. spearmint 48. 41. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. balsamita. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha requienii. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. crownbasil savory imperial 11. fraxinella 17. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. lovage 46.Alchemilla vulgaris. summer 25. Satureja hortensis. 47.Artemisia abrotanum. English 'Minimum'. 31. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. bee balm 29.Galium odoratum.Crocus. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. lemon basil 15.Lilium candidum.Ocimum basilicum 30.Tanacetum vulgare var.Viola tricolor.Levisticum officinale. Corsican 33. sweet marjoram 2.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Fritillaria imperialis.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. pineapple mint 18.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. European ginger 4. balm citrata.Mentha spicata. Symphytum officinale.Mentha × piperita.
a soil retainer. the dwarf box edging. pink of Dianthus. too. Instead. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. < previous page page_44 next page > . although it is ample at four feet. two specimen shrubs. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. This is true also of the stone curbing. The dipping bowl. This hedge. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Lowgrowing. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant.
. A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.L.A. Landscape Architect.
borage 31. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 58. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. rue25. 43.Tulipa clusiana.The number in each planting area is the key number.Pelargonium in variety. 2. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. caraway thyme albus. Salvia officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. Thymus praecox subsp.Crocus kotschyanus. prostrate rosemary 18. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Digitalis grandiflora. thyme 29. 53. verbena snowflake 19.Helleborus niger.Dicentra spectabilis. orange mint 8. Madonna 63.Salvia sclarea.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'.Convallaria majalis. 45. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. lily. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Mentha × piperita var. 54.Hamamelis virginiana. Compactus'.Anemone blanda.Cimicifuga racemosa. 61.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. sweet 27.Narcissus triandrus var. golden thyme41. spearmint 48. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Myrica pensylvanica. 20. catmint 35. 44. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Heliotropium arborescens. 50. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Angelica archangelica.Thymus praecox subsp.Tulipa kaufmanniana. sweet 55.Pelargonium in variety.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. Spanish bluebell 16. 'Lanuginosus'. marjoram crocus 7. angel's-tears 59. 17. Stachys byzantina. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Mentha spicata.Leucojum aestivum.Thymus × citriodorus. lamb's-ears 28.Levisticum officinale.Borago officinalis. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.57. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. 56. angustifolia 'Nana'. tulip citrata.Helleborus lividus subsp. 1.Sternbergia lutea. arcticus 34.Galium odoratum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. gray 22.Aloysia triphylla.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Mentha × piperita. 40.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 51.Ocimum basilicum.Nepeta mussinii. American 38.Galanthus nivalis. winter savory 39.Crocus speciosus. Thymus doerfleri. white 42. clary 32. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Mertensia virginica. 49. lemon 33. arcticus 30. 46. green santolina 37. 36.Thymus herba-barona. black cohosh windflower 15.Lilium candidum.Santolina virens. 26.Narcissus asturiensis.Crocus tomasinianus. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Teucrium canadense. Origanum majorana. 52.Satureja montana.Allium christophii.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Crocus angustifolius. sweet 47. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. lemon 60.
This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. very livable and profoundly satisfying. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Morning sun warms it early. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. Second. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. First. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The results have been most satisfying. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design.
Salvia sclarea.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia lactiflora.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. sweet basil 23. 1. Beauty'.Tagetes 'Lulu'. leek 46.Tulipa tarda. tulip 45. crocus 44. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. Porrum Group. lemon 21. garden sage 4. Landscape Architect. English thyme 43. Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 5.Apium graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. 'Lambrook Silver'.Allium ampeloprasum.A.L.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. A.Allium neapolitanum. 26. wild celery 42. 25. The number in each planting area is the key number. Origanum heracleoticum. . Artemisia absinthium 24. marigold 41. woolly thyme 3. absinthe sativa. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Thymus praecox subsp.Crocus sieberi. clary thyme 22. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.S.
lovage 34.Origanum majorana. blue 38.Ribes sativum. fraxinella 36.Achillea filipendula 60. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. red currant gray santolina 13.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Artemisia camphorata. dogwood 19.Petroselinum crispum var.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Lobelia siphilitica. 29.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Digitalis grandiflora. clematis 11. 32. lobelia Sherbert'. viola holly 18. curly parsley 20. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Galium mollugo.Clematis 'Mrs.Santolina virens. 39. monkshood upright yew 17. great 31.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Dianthus × allwoodii.Ilex opaca. 54.Asclepias tuberosa.Malus hupehensis.Hyssopus officinalis.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. weed chive 48. yellow 55. pink 30. pale 49. 8.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Ipomoea alba. lemon 50. sweet 37. American marjoram Yellow'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. catmint 53.Aloysia triphylla. alpine 28.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Stachys byzantina. butterfly 47.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.foxglove 7. white evergreen azalea 16.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Cornus florida. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Levisticum officinale.Tropaeolum minus.Aconitum napellus. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. American elderberry 15.Allium schoenoprasum. Viola odorata. green 40.Dictamnus albus. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. lamb's-ears 52. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Allium senescens var. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. 58. bee balm foxglove Choice'. 56. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Nepeta × faassenii. Lavandula angustifolia. Robert verbena Brydon'.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. even though the growing area is not extensive. are raised with bricks on edge. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > .< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. A birdbath of copper. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. repeats again the octagonal form. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. an impression of Sol in it. Well-drained as they are. The four herb beds. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion.
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lemon 41. golden variegated garden sage 38. rosemary 33.Pelargonium crispum.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Ruta graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. Stachys byzantina. curly parsley 32. orange santolina geranium 11. gray 'Prince of Orange'. 27.Mentha spicata. lavender pine geranium chive 13. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. angustifolia.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lavender 15. sweet woodruff 9. 16. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Lavandula angustifolia. silver mound artemisia 8.Allium tuberosum. English thyme horehound 2. crispum. lamb's-ears 17. variegated garden sage 37. thyme salad burnet 40. rue 35. 1.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Artemisia dracunculus var. French 26. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Salvia officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus × citriodorus. purple variegated garden sage 36. curly mint 3. Artemisia absinthium. catmint 6. Anethum graveolens.Lavandula dentata.Mentha × piperita.Joan E.Allium schoenoprasum.Poterium sanguisorba. clove pink 10.Pelargonium tomentosum.Nepeta mussinii. absinthe 20. heliotrope 31. sativa. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Galium odoratum.Marrubium vulgare. 28. sweet basil 22. dill 18. 42. 29. Artemisia abrotanum.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. 43. Semple. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . lemon 30.Salvia sclarea. lemon 39. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. French tarragon 7.Santolina 25.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Pelargonium denticulatum. spearmint southernwood 5. white creeping thyme 12. clary 21.Heliotropium arborescens. 19. prostrate rosemary 34. peppermint 4. bush basil 23.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. purple basil 24.Petroselinum crispum var.
lemon verbena. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. A suitable fence. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. and lantana are a few. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. a toolhouse. rose. too. if neither is available. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose geranium. A birdbath may replace the pool.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. < previous page page_52 next page > .
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
heliotrope 21. woolly thyme 15. The number in each planting area is the key number. green 12. Landscape Architect. 9. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium frutetorum.Chenopodium botrys. 1. A.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. lemon 10. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Aloysia triphylla.Heliotropium arborescens. geranium 16.S. sweet santolina marjoram 6.L.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 20. 13. lavender 3. gray santolina chamomile 14.A. crispum.Artemisia absinthium 11. Thymus praecox subsp. absinthe 'Minimum'. verbena ambrosia 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fern-leaf tansy 8. zonal geranium 18.Tanacetum vulgare var.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. bush basil 5.Origanum majorana.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. zonal geranium 19. white creeping thyme 2.Santolina virens. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. 7.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . rosescented geranium 17.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.
Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. but the design itself has endured forty years. apothecary's rose. box. a deep mauve to others. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Box and holly enclose it all. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. The dwarf box frames the focal point. a sundial. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. As the snows melt. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Angelica. mints. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . These can easily obliterate a design. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. the design is clearly traced. artemisias.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden.
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florentina. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. clove pink 29. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. alpine 60.Symphytum officinale. fern-leaf tansy 5.Thymus praecox subsp. perilla 51.Asclepias tuberosa.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. 58. rue 23. white dead 49. blue hyssop 42.Taxus.Syringa. nasturtium 28.Valeriana officinalis. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Lavandula dentata. skirret 53.Stachys byzantina.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. feverfew 14. 1. gray 37.Helleborus orientalis. bronze 64. winter savory 32. Tropaeolum majus. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Rosmarinus officinalis.Sedum telephium. arcticus 39. grape fennel 19. Chamaemelum nobile. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. Graham. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Vitis.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Myrrhis odorata.Sempervivum tectorum.Foeniculum vulgare. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Perillafrutescens. sweet 27.Artemisia camphorata.Asarum europaeum. blue 50. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. lilac 70. 62. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Armeria maritima. germander 43.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Pulmonaria officinalis. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. Satureja montana. scented.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. butterfly weed35.Artemisia absinthium. piney 44. Dianthus caryophyllus. 55. white creeping thyme French'.Iris × germanica var. rosemary 25.Thymus praecox subsp. Origanum majorana. southernwood 2. green santolina 24.47.Lilium candidum. masterwort 69. Santolina virens. wild 52. sweet woodruff45.Sium sisarum. Canadian burnet 13.Santolina neapolitana 36. arcticus 38.Melissa officinalis. leaf geranium French lavender 8.James D. yew Beauty'.Tanacetum vulgare var.Paeonia officinalis. 65. Pelargonium in variety.Isatis tinctoria.30.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pyrus communis.Helleborus niger.Galium odoratum. 56. 67.Alchemilla alpina. chamomile 31.Allium schoenoprasum. 59.Alchemilla vulgaris. daffodil 17. green.Lavandula angustifolia.Origanum onites. white 66.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. 'Albus'. 48. weld 54. dwarf edging box 21.63.Astrantia major. absinthe 34. arcticus 40. orris box 22. 26.Lamium album. orris 57.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. lamb's-ears 33.Hyssopus officinalis.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. thrift 41.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Buxus sempervirens. dyer's woad 9.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. pot bergamot marjoram 7. valerian 6. marjoram lungwort crispum. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Monarda fistulosa.Thymus praecox subsp. pear < previous page page_55 next page > .Reseda luteola.Arisaema dracontium. French thyme Madonna lily 16. lady's-mantle 46.Teucrium chamaedrys. crimson creeping thyme 18.
the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. include this one. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. rising from the courtyard. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. They are small specialty beds. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. However. pink. but no panacea for the maintenance required. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. At the top of the steps. < previous page page_56 next page > .< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. Rosa 'Albertine'. with buds of red. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. In addition to the brick edging around each." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. If there is room for only one rambler rose. The brick edging around each bed is a help. The large. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them.
Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Carum carvi. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme . 23. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. lemon balm 42. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. angelica 20. rhubarb 2. caraway 24. Angelica archangelica. lavender 4.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 22. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 1.Tanacetum vulgare.Satureja montana.Rheum rhabarbarum. foxglove 39. tansy Bois'. bush basil 43. winter savory 41.Melissa officinalis. garden sage 40.Borago officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia. alpine strawberry 3.Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. subsp.
rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.R. centifolia.Mentha × piperita var. blue hyssop 25. Thymus 'Argenteus'.sativa.R. geranium in 30.Laurus nobilis. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. curly parsley 26. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. sweet 37. pineapple34.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. silver 27.Teucrium chamaedrys. 45. clove pink Mammoth'. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. 54.'Albertine'.Artemisia dracunculus 44. French 33.Pelargonium. var. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.'Baronne Prevost'.Poterium sanguisorba.Chenopodium 55. 49. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. centifolia var. rose 28.R.R. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Lavandula dentata.Allium schoenoprasum. muscosa 15. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.R.Marrubium vulgare. marguerite chive 9.Anethum graveolens 47. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Chrysanthemum. lemon 51. prostrate rosemary 16.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Calendula officinalis. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . 29. centifolia 'Cristata'. 31.Tagetes filifolia. French'. 36.R. 56. Irish-lace 48. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 35.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. Hyssopus officinalis. citrata. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. Mexican tea 18. thyme frutescens. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Chrysanthemum balsamita.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.6.Satureja hortensis.R. Pelargonium graveolens. bourbon rose 10. pot 50.Chrysanthemum 46.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. cheddar pink 53.Petroselinum crispum var. musk rose 12. Consolida ambigua.Origanum majorana. salad 7.Aloysia triphylla.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Dianthus Victoria'.Salvia elegans.
Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. < previous page page_58 next page > . Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. Laid in an unusual pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. Balance is augmented. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. as it should be. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. It is near the house. too.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
dwarf edging box 8.Origanum majorana. green 22.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. arcticus 'Albus'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Hyssopus officinalis. 21.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. English thyme signet marigold 11.Satureja hortensis. angustifolia 'Munstead'.S.A.Aloysia triphylla.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 20.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. A. 16. 24. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Salvia officinalis. sweet basil 14.Thymus praecox subsp.Anethum graveolens. The number in each planting area is the key number.Poterium sanguisorba. Rosmarinus officinalis.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. Landscape Architect.Allium schoenoprasum. blue hyssop 13.Heliotropium arborescens. white creeping thyme 4. lavender 2.Ocimum basilicum. dill 9. gray 15. 19. 17.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. double white peony 5.Myosotis sylvatica.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 23. rosemary yellow viola 10. 1.L.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Santolina virens. santolina moss rose 7. chive lemon verbena 6. English'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. heliotrope 3.
The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. and the grape arbor. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. too. potted lemon verbena. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. the fence with roses. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. Herbs. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. The grape vines. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. and a comfortable. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . winter pruned. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. marsh climbing rose. 3. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis.Amsonia tabernaemontana. lemon Linum perenne. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Aloysia triphylla. sweet climbing rose. Nepeta mussinii. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Galium odoratum. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Stachys byzantina. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. purple variegated garden sage 4. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Althaea officinalis. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris.Connecticut Vera Breed. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. Valeriana officinalis. three. lovage Myrrhis odorata. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. BED II germander BED IV 2. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Teucrium chamaedrys. conical yew rosemary 1. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Iris cristata.
salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Delphinium × belladonna. sweet Lavandula angustifolia.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Rosmarinus officinalis. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Chamaemelum nobile. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. plume Baptisia australis. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. catmint 5. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. Sempervivum. beach Marrubium vulgare. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. creeping thyme in variety 8. tuberosa 6. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus. houseleek in variety 7. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. lemon thyme 9. angustifolia 'Munstead'. lavender 10. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. lemon Anemone hybrida. fairy rose Giant'. Thymus × citriodorus.
blue green. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . magnolia. Herbs. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. this was replaced with ''edging" box. holly. Either it flourished too well. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Later. Ivy. myrtle. tend to broaden the width of the garden. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. and bright green in the herb beds. its detail is shown below. if desired. Another angle could be tried with these. silver. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. grew too large. planted in bands across these beds.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
bayberry balm thyme 13.Pelargonium graveolens.Hedera helix. box chamaecyparissus.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 33. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Chamaemelum nobile.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Laurus nobilis.Melissa officinalis. Stachys byzantina.Thymus praecox subsp.Buxus sempervirens 14. Ruta graveolens.Levisticum officinale. Tropaeolum minus. Ocimum basilicum 22.Thymus doerfleri.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Pelargonium × nervosum. bee balm30.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 34.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ilex opaca. tansy 45. winter 'Purpurascens'. caraway thyme 40. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. American holly 31. lamb's. lemon 46. rue 20. French thyme 39. bush basil albula. purple basil savory 35. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. thyme 37.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus herba-barona.Galium odoratum. horehound germander 17.Mentha spicata. Ocimum basilicum 24. lemon 29.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. lovage 48.Pelargonium fragrans. 25.Vinca minor.Thymus × citriodorus. English'.Monarda didyma.Artemisia abrotanum. English thyme chamomile 2.Mentha suaveolens. salad 43.Origanum majorana.Myrica pensylvanica. borage 26. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. 49. Borago officinalis.Thymus carnosus. silver-king artemisia 23. thyme 38. arcticus 'Albus'. dwarf 21. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Marrubium vulgare.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. French 27. purple garden sage 7. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. 6. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .19. 28. lime geranium 4. dwarf edging box 11. white creeping thyme 41.Rumex scutatus. English ivy burnet 10. 'Minimum'. spearmint 42. bay rosemary 12.Tanacetum vulgare. woolly thyme 8. 44. sweet woodruff 36.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. ears rose geranium 3. gray santolina 15.Magnolia grandiflora.Satureja montana.Artemisia dracunculus var. myrtle 47.
a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. It is located for the best viewing. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Laurus nobilis. and treessome of which are espaliered. brick. standards. maypoles. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The four potted bay. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. adding to the space for walking.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. It is a large garden. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. The use of flagstone. too. < previous page page_64 next page > . accent this prime focal point even more. too. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. There is variety in the walks. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. potted shrubs.
P.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. 25. love-in.Calendula officinalis.P.Nigella damascena. lemon 29. musty oakscented geranium 5.Chenopodium botrys. wild 28.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. 49.53. winter 27.P. Satureja montana.50. Thymus × citriodorus.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 1. 51. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . pot 52.acerifolium. fragrans. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Johnny-jump.odoratissimum.Viola tricolor. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.quercifolium. 26.P. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.
41. lettuce 39.P.Artemisia dracunculus var. French tarragon Rose'. lemon geranium 56. crowfoot 70.Acorus calamus.Malus angustifolia. horehound 46. English lavender 32. classic 21. 57.× nervosum. wild thyme 31. 61. fern-leaf 60.P.Lavandula angustifolia.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. salad 42. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.Myrtus communis. arcticus43.Livingston'.Pelargonium crispum. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Fragaria vesca. lime geranium 55.P.Achilleafilipendula.Artemisia abrotanum.Levisticum officinale.Laurus nobilis.Forsythia.Thymus praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare var.P. peppermint 67. forsythia 'Albus'. bronze 38. camphor-scented geranium 69.P. 71. lemon-rose geranium 22. white sweet yarrow violet 13.P. white creeping thyme geranium 68. bee balm 63.Marrubium vulgare. lemon geranium 33. box 19. graveolens. golden lemon thyme 7.P.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. tomentosum.P.Petroselinum crispum.Allium senescens var.P. chamomile 8. parsley 35.Aloysia triphylla. cherry tomato chive 17.Mentha. sweet flag 16. Hyssopus officinalis.Salvia caerulea. lemon 47. 58. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.6.Foeniculum vulgare. dill 36. pheasant's. crispum 'Minor'. bay 20. pine crispum.Origanum dictamnus.Viola odorata. 44. radens 'Dr. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. Chamaemelum nobile. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . garden sage 54. glutinosum.Poncirus trifoliata.Poterium sanguisorba. denticulatum.Monarda didyma.P. denticulatum 11. 64. rosemary 9. strawberry 48.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. sweet 37.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Salvia officinalis.72.Anethum graveolens.Mentha pulegium.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.P. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Allium schoenoprasum. lettuce 40. rose geranium66.Origanum majorana.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Melissa officinalis.Malus. orange geranium 23. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. lemon 65. 62.P. lemon southernwood geranium 34. blue hyssop 10.P. fern-leaf 'Nana'. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. crispum. radens. lemon balm 45. Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus serpyllum.
The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. In keeping with this feeling. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The result is one of sculptured elegance.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. too. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. < previous page page_66 next page > . This is a large garden by any standard. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. and Allium karataviense. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. green santolina.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Thymus × citriodorus. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . fringed 7. garden sage 18.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia frigida.Allium moly.Salvia officinalis. Mentha suaveolens. Santolina virens.Thymus praecox subsp. winter savory 9.Foeniculum vulgare. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. dwarf garden 17.Levisticum officinale.Satureja montana. Baker.Hyssopus officinalis. chive 4. 8.Allium sativa. blue hyssop 16.Santolina chamaecyparissus. French tarragon schoenoprasum. lemon 11. green santolina 14.Allium christophii.Liriope muscari.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. gray 10. Artemisia dracunculus var. arcticus. apple mint 13. 1. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. 15.Florence B. big blue lilyturf 12. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. wormwood fennel 2.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
for the box after new spring growth. the circle. the square. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. and the front porch of the house. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. the upper deck. < previous page page_70 next page > . One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Many herb gardens could provide this.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
chamomile 2. lavender 5. Italian cypress 9.The number in each planting area is the key number. 1.Cupressus sempervirens.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Satureja montana.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . dwarf edging box 7. winter savory 4. viola 3.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Cedrus deodara. dwarf myrtle 6.Chamaemelum nobile.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. lemon 8.
Roses. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Paths are gravel. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. from Peter Coats. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Coin with Tudor rose design. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. as it was with this plan. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed.. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
22.Petroselinum crispum. sweet marjoram 3.Lilium candidum.Mentha × piperita. monkshood27.Myrtus communis. rue 33. Thymus serpyllum. 1. fennel 21.Mentha spicata. English pasqueflower primrose 14. clove20. caraway 35. parsley 29. blue hyssop 2. lettuce 28. rosemary 16.Crithmum maritimum.Crocus sativus.Calendula officinalis. chamomile 4. Malva sylvestris.Buxus sempervirens. Origanum majorana. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Fragaria vesca. oxlip 17. lemon balm 31. English daisy 36.Carum carvi.Poterium sanguisorba.Anemone pulsatilla.Viola odorata. mallow 13. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. winter 32. salad burnet 10.Bellis perennis. Eryngium maritimum.Lavandula angustifolia. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . Hyssopus officinalis. pot marigold 15. Chamaemelum nobile.Lactuca sativa. classic myrtle 18.Primula vulgaris. 34. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Melissa officinalis.Aconitum napellus.Satureja montana. Dianthus caryophyllus. sweet violet 6. Madonna 23. earth 24.Rosmarinus officinalis.Viola tricolor.Primula elatior. yellow flag 26. saffron lily crocus 12. wild thyme 5. Foeniculum vulgare.Fumaria officinalis. 19. spearmint 30.Ruta graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number. 25. absinthe peppermint 8.Iris pseudacorus.
a moondial rather than a sundial is used. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. white. plumed. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. spurred. white blooms and woolly. However. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours." Concrete blocks. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. along with a measure of fragrance. silver mound. most of the blooms are nightscented. but Always Love.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Selected for this reason. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. its tufted. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance.
sweet 31. Stachys byzantina. silver mound artemisia 3. white 32.19. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. Dianthus 'White Lace'. horehound 2. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Galium odoratum. silver 16.Dictamnus albus. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Galanthus nivalis. 17. pink 15.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. petunia 30. white . Thymus 'Argenteus'.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. 'Albus'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. 1.Marrubiam vulgare.Lilium candidum. lamb's. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. Santolina chamaecyparissus.
Chrysanthemum parthenium. albula.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Artemisia ludoviciana. 25.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. Viola odorata.Hesperis matronalis.Rosa 'Cinderella'. Artemisia absinthium.Ipomoea alba. daffodil 35. rose 41. rose 40. Adam's. sweet violet 20.Convallaria majalis. 26. beach mugwort wormwood 9. white 22.Lunaria annua.Iris × germanica var.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. orris 8. white 27.21.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. tulip 38. tulip 37. dame's honesty rocket 14.Matthiola incana.6. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. clary 24.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 28.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 23. white stock absinthe 10. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. Artemisia lactiflora. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . western mugwort 7.Polianthes tuberosa.Artemisia stellerana.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. lavender 12. needle florentina. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Salvia sclarea. moonflower 39. Yucca filamentosa.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. tuberose 36.
This herb garden. < previous page page_76 next page > . Many of these herbs lack the hues. required their use as an educational adjunct. related to an old mill reconstruction. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Rather. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. textures.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
20. St. 48.Sanguinaria canadensis.38. sisal 27. Manila 25.Furcraea hexapetala.46. goldthread 41.Monarda didyma.Prunus persica. French 33.Rhus typhina.Anthemis tinctoria. 37.Isatis tinctoria. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.Morus rubra or alba.Coreopsis tinctoria. 39.Rumex obtusifolius. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Viburnum acerifolium. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Mahonia aquifolium. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. Boehmeria nivea.Cotinus coggygria. privet marigold 15. 35. dyer's broom safflower 6.Rumex acetosa. Abutilon theophrasti. 1. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Genista germanica.Pteridium aquilinum. 29. Sansevieria trifasciata.Tagetes patula. peach bracken sorrel 19. yellow 55. sweet 49.Reseda luteola. onion China jute 4. 28.Anchusa officinalis. lily. 53.Rubia tinctorum. alkanet 52. African 45.Coptis trifolia.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Hibiscus cannabinus.51.Convallaria majalis.Dipsacus sativus. broad 42. 23. 47. Scotch broom hemp 7. garden 56. ramie 24. golden 40. stinging nettle44.Tagetes erecta. Gossypium hirsutum. woad Susan laevifolium. black-eyed 50. 34.Genista tinctoria.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Rudbeckia hirta. bee 36.Urtica dioica. 22.Ligustrum vulgare. sumac poke 17.Crocus sativus. madder 54.Carthamus tinctorius.Allium cepa.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Solidago species. henequen marigold bearberry 8. blueberry 13. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Chelidonium majus.Galium verum. Musa textilis.Hydrastis canadensis.Indigofera tinctoria.Galium odoratum.Parmelia conspersa. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Hypericum perforatum.Agrimonia eupatoria. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. weld 57.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Berberis vulgaris. 26. flax 21. 43. Agave fourcroydes. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.. dyer's 31.Filipendula ulmaria. Agave sisalana. saffron crocus marguerite 3. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Cytisus scoparius. queen. Linum usitatissimum. 32.Cladrastis lutea.Phytolacca americana. fuller's 30.
is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. A totally appealing edging. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. as well as the roses.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. < previous page page_78 next page > . Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. Elsewhere. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
25. 'Queen of the Prairies'.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. cl. 'American Pillar'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. cl. 'Mme. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. cl. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'White Rose of York' 3. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. cl. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. cl. 'Seven Sisters'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Empress Josephine' 7. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Marie Pavic' 8. rambler 19. 23. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 1. 'Sombreuil'. 18. rambler 20. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 24. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. Legras de St. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 22. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs.
abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. The notch of four square feet. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. < previous page page_80 next page > . It is another way to make more space where paths intersect.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. garlic chive 44. annuum 'Fips'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. white-flowered kale 49. pear Purple Vienna'.B. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. eggplant 43. 26. celery Bed 9. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. graveolens var.L. annuum 'Variegata'. 25. C.esculentum 'Long Black'. celery Group. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. shallot Lakes'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.Solanum melongena var.L. red-flowered kale 6. tuberosum. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.B.A. lycopersicum var. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 45. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. red 38.B. 28.annuum 'Floral Gem'. 30. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.B. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.A. dulce 50. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.B. C. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.B.A. C.B.sativa 'Ruby'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. dulce 47.C. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. red 37.B. Petroselinum crispum var. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. C. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. Boerner. curly eggplant parsley 23.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. sprouts celery 8. chive 42. graveolens 'French Dinant'. melongena 2.C.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.A.C. 48. melongena 1. graveolens var.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. oleracea 'Prima'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. annuum 'Nosegay'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. 29. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.A. Beauty'. annuum 'Golden Bell'.B.B. cepa Proliferum Group. C.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. kohlrabi Rock'. 32. celery I 31. graveolens var. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . annuum 'Black Prince'. Capsicum annuum var.C. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. 27. C. cherry tomato 34. 22.C.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. C. ruby swiss chard var.Cichorium intybus. 40.Apium graveolens var. annuum 'Pinocchio'. giant garlic var.B.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Red Boy'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. annuum 'Mosaic'.A. 39.A. scorodoprasum. leek 5. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. oleracea 'Green Parade'. 24.A. annuum 'Teno'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.C. schoenoprasum.A.S.S. crispum 'Banquet'.
All of the circles. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. for each is a complete entity. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. When viewed from the terrace above. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . winter savory. arcs. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. and golden thyme.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
lemon geranium 22. green 14. gooseberry geranium 24.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . Livingston'. germander crowfoot geranium 21. apple gray santolina geranium 3.Melissa R.Myrica pensylvanica.Ilex glabra.P. odoratissimum.P.P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.× nervosum. Marshall. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. Landscape Architect. P. winter 13. acerifolium.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.S. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. oak-leaved geranium 16. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 29. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. grossularioides. × domesticum 6. scabrum. 19. Teucrium chamaedrys. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. 15.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. crispum 'French Lace. P.P. inkberry geranium 9. golden 11. peppermint 26. 17. rose geranium 27. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. pungent-scented geranium 25. 1.L. radens 'Dr. × nervosum 'Torento'. lime geranium Rose'. Santolina virens. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. apricot geranium28. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. maple-leaved 18. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.A.P.' lemon geranium 23.P.P. Assoc. Satureja montana. graveolens. tomentosum.P. A..P.P. The number in each planting area is the key number. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'.P. rose-scented geranium 4. crispum.P. 12. orange geranium 8.P. P.P.P.
texture. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Lavandula angustifolia. on page 37." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design.Santolina virens. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. or marble chips. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. was planted using edging box only.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. filled with plants that have contrasting color. such as a dwarf edging box. 1. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. sand. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. English lavender 2. and growth to the plants of the knot design. blue hyssop 3. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. To ease the care for a more complicated design. which is framed with a brick edging. . or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. For the knot to look its best at all times. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. Its interspaces can be mulched. Maintenance is high for a knot. especially when it is blooming. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. closed knot design.Hyssopus officinalis.
arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Thymus praecox subsp.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1. dwarf edging box 4. green santolina 2. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . gray santolina 3.
garden sage dwarf edging box 6. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house.T. The knot material is maintained at six inches. praecox subsp. 'Munstead'.Thymus praecox subsp. 1. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. lavender Japanese barberry 5. white 7. Rosmarinus officinalis. which is found more often out in the open. herba-barona. fig 4. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. creeping thymes.officinalis 'Tricolor'.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. In another departure from the usual. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. caraway thyme 9. Some maintenance is required for clipping. rosemary creeping thyme 2. Teucrium chamaedrys.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. 8. which are confined to that area. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. purple variegated 11. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. variegated garden sage . A dwarf box ties it together at the center. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. arcticus 'Albus'.T.S. the height of the edging. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
lavender .Santolina chamaecyparissus. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. American germander 3. gray santolina 2. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Teucrium canadense.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. germander . Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. setting it off admirably.
2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .
which are also laid on edge. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. pleasing color. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. < previous page page_88 next page > . a complement for the colors of the plant material. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. adding another facet to an appealing design. each one a quarter-circle. again laid on edge. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Crithmum maritimum.Salvia clevelandii.Anthemis marschalliana. lavender 8. tree germander 22.Lavandula dentata var. samphire14.Artemisia frigida.Santolina chamaecyparissus. dwarf gray santolina 20. 16. fern-leaf yarrow 27. rue 21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 18.Allium senescens var. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. silver horehound 19.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Leontopodium alpinum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Teucrium fruticans.Artemisia arborescens. woolly yarrow 23. golden marguerite 25. silver sage 15. Russian sage 24. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Thymus 'Argenteus'. curry plant 7. silver thyme 6. gray santolina 2. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis tinctoria.Marrubium incanum.Helichrysum angustifolium. blue sage 13. lavender 5. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 17. candicans. French lavender 3. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Stachys byzantina. lavender 9. glaucum 11.Santolina neapolitana 10. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. tree artemisia 26.Salvia argentea. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. dwarf 12.The number in each planting area is the key number.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.
thyme. basil. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. and the savories.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. oregano. are without number. As with other plant material. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. If one is familiar with herbs. Some are rosemary. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. which include hanging baskets. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Styles of containers. < previous page page_90 next page > . The color of the container plays a lesser role. sweet marjoram. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. lady's-mantle. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all.
It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. providing herbs in abundance. < previous page page_91 next page > . as with this container herb garden. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.
< previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. LandscapeArchitect. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. < previous page page_95 next page > . Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure.L.A. However. A.S. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. Of course supervision is necessary. If children's interest is not sustained. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. such an outlay would be unwarranted. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.
an experiment with turf seats could be tried. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. These are ''old roses. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Instead of benches on the patio. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. too. Children in this age group can help with the construction." selected for their greater fragrance. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. Just keep a garden design for children simple. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. they are easily handpicked. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. < previous page page_96 next page > . It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material.
.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A. Landscape Architect.L. A.S.
Artemisia camphorata.Satureja hortensis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . dwarf 6.Allium senescens var. pot marigold 8. Italian parsley 23. crispum. American 21. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. alpine strawberry 3. 19. borage 15.Allium tuberosum.Allium moly. southernwood 5. 13. summer savory 22. lily leek 30. 16. cottage pink 18. garden sage 24. clary 25.Marrubium vulgare.Petroselinum crispum var. Borago officinalis.rocambole 28. ambrosia 2.Nepeta cataria. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Rosa gallica.Anethum graveolens.Calendula officinalis.Isatis tinctoria. dill pennyroyal 11. garlic chive 29. neapolitanum.Origanum majorana. Nigella damascena.Artemisia abrotanum.Rosa damascena.Tropaeolum minus.Salvia officinalis. 20.Chenopodium botrys. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lovage 12.Salvia sclarea. English lavender 7. catnip 27. Petroselinum crispum var. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Dianthus plumarius.The number in each planting area is the key number. glaucum 31. damask rose 32.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. English lavender 4. love-in-a-mist 14.Hedeoma pulegioides.Lavandula angustifolia. Levisticum officinale. ophioscorodon.Allium sativum var. 1. horehound 26. dyer's bush basil woad 9.
was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. All are inviting to the touch. < previous page page_98 next page > . Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The sculptures. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. previously used as a skating rink. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. not noted on the plan. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. are a seal and a turtle. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. The oval.
R. F.A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.A. Landscape Architect. .
chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. mint Tagetes. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. Trifolium pratense. Nepeta cataria. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Allium schoenoprasum. bee balm Satureja montana. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. marigold Salvia officinalis. fleabane Stellaria. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. Greek Stachys byzantina. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. English Tussilago farfara. cowslip Linaria. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. Foeniculum vulgare. chamomile Mentha. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. coltsfoot Mimulus. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. duckweed Antennaria. dog violet Lemna. fat-hen Primula veris. bee orchid Erigeron. borage Tanacetum vulgare. mint Galium odoratum. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. winter savory Mentha. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. tansy Monarda didyma. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis.Hedeoma pulegioides. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. lousewort Viola canina. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum.
< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A number of wooden window frames. Still. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. it is a most satisfying growing situation. Their height eases the task of weeding. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. an exceedingly long one. feverfew. and old barn beams another about the same height. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Here. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. < previous page page_101 next page > . and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. for an old barn foundation of stone. a mint. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. developed particularly for study. Its plant list. Instead. its wooden structure long gone.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
Melissa officinalis.Ranunculus ficaria. Grecian 59.A. camphorata.Salvia officinalis.Campanula rapunculus.Myrrhis odorata. golden variegated garden sage 86. praecox subsp.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.Tanacetum vulgare var. rue 83.Rosmarinus officinalis. alpine savory 89.Euphorbia cyparissias.Achillea millefolium. viper's 65. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. didyma 'Rosea'. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Acinos alpinus.P. lemon 52. thyme 102. golden marjoram 26. pot marigold 25.Marrubium vulgare. mosquito plant 19. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. balm horehound 14. 55. garden sage 84.Chelidonium majus.Stachys officinalis. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.O. bee balm lovage 20. crimson creeping thyme 96. apple wormwood geranium 8. lesser 67. 'Clear Gold'.Nepeta mussinii. officinalis 'Purpurea'.A.Alchemilla vulgaris.S. nitidus. 45. 48. southernwood houseleek 12. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Sium sisarum. purple basil English lavender 18.T. French tarragon geranium 7. silver thyme 105. 61.Angelica archangelica.Genista tinctoria. dyer's woodruff broom 3. betony 92.O. 44.T.Veronica serpyllifolia.A. variegated garden sage 87.O. Roman 46.P. 64. marsh mallow 13.T 'Argenteus'. pallasianus.Calamintha grandiflora.Teucrium chamaedrys. 50.T. 62. golden lemon thyme 99. plantain 80.Monarda didyma. beach 47.M.Stachys grandifora 93. graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia.O. herba-barona. purple variegated garden sage 85. rose sativa. odorous thyme 104.Aloysia triphylla. skirret 90.A. winter savory 88. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Poterium sanguisorba.Viola odorata. 1.T.Geranium robertianum. crispum. camphor. arcticus 'Albus'. southernwood ground cherry 10.Agastache foeniculum.Lychnis coronaria. catmint 63.Hypericum perforatum. caraway thyme 103.Sempervivum tectorum. yarrow herb Robert 4.A. sweet cicely 94. pink 58. 'Purpurascens'. creeping veronica . officinalis 'Aurea'. wild lemon basil ginger 16. woolly thyme 101. odoratissimum. officinalis 'Tricolor'.O. majorana. sweet violet 40. sweet 53. calamint valerian 24.Althaea officinalis.S. 54. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Echium vulgare. St.Viola tricolor. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Digitalis lanata. basilicum 56. 42.Galium odoratum.Chrysanthemum balsamita. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Ocimum basilicum.Agastache cana.Pelargonium crispum.T. basil blue hyssop 15.P. wormwood germander 9.Pulmonaria officinalis. absinthium.Artemisia dracunculus var. 43.Campanula persicifolia. × citriodorus. basilicum 'Minimum'.Hyssopus officinalis. lemon verbena 106.T. angelica lemon geranium 5.Asarum canadense. rosemary 82.Valeriana officinalis. white creeping thyme 97. golden thyme 98.Levisticum officinale.S. absinthe 51. lemon thyme 100. sweet 41.Calendula officinalis. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.T.Digitalis purpurea.T. foxglove 2. abrotanum. stellerana. 60.-John'swort 91. celandine madder 79. 66. rose costmary campion 23.Thymus praecox subsp.Rubia tinctorum. praecox subsp. rampion 81. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. onites. pontica.Plantago major.Physalis heterophylla.49. richardii subsp. tomentosum.A. fern-leaf tansy 95. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Satureja montana. bee balm57.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Ruta graveolens.
× gentilis.Veronica officinalis. curry plant mullein 35. yucca 109. orange mint 32.29.Lilium candidum. oxeye daisy mullein 36. Madonna lily leucanthemum. chicory 70. chamomile 30.Verbascum thapsus. Proliferum Group.Atriplex hortensis. citrata.Myrtus communis. pin cherry 39. spearmint 107. apple mint 69.Lysimachia vulgaris.Chamaemelum nobile.Sorbaria sorbifolia. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . feverfew cinerariifolium. × piperita var.Origanum dictamnus. dyer's woad 110.A.V. ostrowskianum 34. wild 116. red mint comfrey 33. moth 113. garlic 111.cepa.Isatis tinctoria.Cichorium intybus.Laurus nobilis. suaveolens 'Variegata'. spicata.M.Prunus pensylvanica. 76. 71. blattaria.Primula veris. veronica 108.Allium sativum. orach115.Yucca filamentosa.M.Chrysanthemum 78.Mentha suaveolens. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. chervil 68.Chrysanthemum 74. 73. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.A.Dianthus plumarius 75.Origanum vulgare.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Anthriscus cerefolium.M. pineapple mint 31. evening 77. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. cowslip 72. 114.Symphytum officinale.Helichrysum angustifolium.M. tree onion 112.Oenothera biennis.
< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Francis. A wheelshaped bed. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. its outline constructed of brick. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. of good proportion for the size of the opening. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. A statue of St. but not obvious. not just hiding it. < previous page page_104 next page > .
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. potato Brassica eruca. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. Eriobotrya japonica. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. white Justicia carnea. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. AREA VI japonica. menthifolia. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. lion's-ear prismaticum. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. cat Watsonia rosea. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. mullein Convolvulus cneorum.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. Cestrum nocturnum. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. labdanum Cistus crispus. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. Vetiveria zizanioides. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. AREA IV Ixia maculata. only those not found on other lists are noted here. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Eleocharis dulcis. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. loquat Cichorium intybus. poet's Solidago californica. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. California lilac Origanum vulgare var.
scented-leaf geraniums. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. is a center of interest. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. < previous page page_106 next page > . The exterior brick path. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. an "old rose" and fragrant. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. and a third a culinary garden. not only for hardiness where needed. but also for proper leaf size. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. another a Mary garden. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. One is a garden of legends. to name a few. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. or potpourri.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. emphasizes the circle.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Brassica nigra. blue 18.Origanum majorana.The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet marjoram basil 12.Salvia officinalis. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. white dead 24. 27. chive bedstraw 16.Alchemilla vulgaris. garden up sage 10.Hedera helix.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Linum usitatissimum.Santolina chamaecyparissus. English thyme 13. pyrethrum 5. Anethum graveolens.19. Johnny-jump. Viola tricolor. spearmint 22. Angelica archangelica. yellow 25. angelica 2.Ocimum basilicum. costmary 6.Mentha spicata. black 23. Hyssopus officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Calendula officinalis. absinthe 4. Chamaemelum nobile.Ruta graveolens.Ornithogalum umbellatum. flax 17.Narcissus mustard 14. saffron crocus marigold 7. English ivy rosemary 8.Allium schoenoprasum. pot 26. sweet 21. Artemisia absinthium.Galium verum.Lamium album.Crocus sativus. dill 11. 1.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.20. chamomile 3. hyssop rose 9. lady's. rue 28.
biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. < previous page page_108 next page > . This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path.
Cotinus coggygria. lemon balm Mentha spicata. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. blue Lamium maculatum. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. Myrrhis odorata. fastigiata. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. Artemisia absinthium. beach Monarda didyma. perennial flax Galium odoratum. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. peppermint Laurus nobilis. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Russian 'Prostratus'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. clove Marrubium vulgare. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. sweet Myrtus communis. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. rue Malva alcea var. thyme Cnicus benedictus. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. bay Echeveria × imbricata.
At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. and huge. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. millstones. The generous use of edgings. < previous page page_110 next page > . The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. Viewed from the terrace garden. Appropriately used as accents. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. features a closed knot of superior design. simply on a smaller scale. where paths enter an area or take a different direction.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. too. This is a general rule observed. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs.
gray santolina 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. blue hyssop 3. dwarf box . cheddar pink 4. six feet in diameter.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Hyssopus officinalis. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S.Santolina chamaecyparissus. that of good proportion.Teucrium chamaedrys. angustifolia 'Munstead'. of greater size than is commonly found.A. germander 2. and the mulch. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. lavender 5. Design plan of herb garden 1.Santolina virens. The number in each planting area is the key number. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.L. 'Tiny Rubies'. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. has its size dictated by a rule of design. Routine clipping is required. green santolina 6.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. Landscape Architect. A.
shadbush Salix caprea. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. honey locust Cornus florida. box Myrica pensylvanica. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. beach plum Corylus avellana. plum Prunus maritima. box Calycanthus fioridus. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. dogwood Pinus nigra. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. japonica. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. black haw Prunus americana. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. goat willow Sassafras albidum. quince Magnolia virginiana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis.
It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. praecox subsp.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. herba-barona. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. silver thyme T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Annie Hall' T. caraway thyme T. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. 'Doone Valley' . the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. praecox subsp. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Salvia. doerfleri T. Currently. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. and a miscellany of others. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. arcticus T. arcticus 'Rosea' T. leucotrichus T. As a rule. However. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. 'Argenteus'. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. its plant material varied. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. Lavandula. Rosmarinus. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T.
angustifolia 'Rosea' L. anise sage S. angustifolia subsp. angustissimus. golden variegated sage S.T. officinalis 'Aurea'. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. woolly thyme T. crimson creeping thyme T. leucantha. Mexican bush sage S. pine-scented rosemary R. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. officinalis 'Purpurea'. sweet lavender L. involucrata. praecox subsp. golden rosemary R. angustifolia. guaranitica. autumn sage S. ramie . heterophylla. greggii. angustifolia subsp. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. golden thyme T. 'Clear Gold'. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. dentata. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. purple variegated garden sage S. vulgaris 'Albus' T. officinalis 'Prostratus'. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. English lavender L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. blue sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. praecox subsp. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.
sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
Prunella vulgaris. obedient plant. culinary. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. Hesperis matronalis. The house. Equisetum arvense. used in salads or boiled. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. a well beside the house. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Circumstances determined these priorities. to sweeten the air. Primarily. constructed of brick made on the property. horsetail. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. to lure bees. Sium sisarum. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. balmony. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The apple trees. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Cheloneglabra. Physostegia virginiana. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. L. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. family needsmedicinal. which were located between the water supply. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. rupturewort. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. for scrubbing pots. Smith. Herniaria glabra.
were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. too. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. while functional. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. for a few are in use now. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Today. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. too. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. < previous page page_116 next page > .
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
rosemary 2.Lonicera flava.Rosmarinus officinalis. southern laciniata.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Wisteria frutescens. 1.Allium sativum. pomegranate 3. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Pinus taeda.Ficus carica. loblolly pine American elderberry 8.Rosa banksiae. garlic 9. yellow 12.Lonicera sempervirens.Sambucus canadensis. bay 7. 16. wisteria 13. trumpet 11.Laurus nobilis.Lagerstroemia indica. fig 6.Malus angustifolia. Gardenia jasminoides.Syringa × persica var. Cape jasmine 10. 15.Punica granatum. Banksia rose 14. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Prunus angustifolia.
It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. < previous page page_118 next page > . The effect would be quite different without them. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. too. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Italy. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. Appropriately. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
comfrey germander pomegranate 14. blue 44. 54. 66.Levisticum officinale. 45. sweet flag marigold 24. pot 48.Laurus nobilis. myrtle 53.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ilex opaca.Xanthoriza simplicissima. 60.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium schoenoprasum.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis. peppermint 52. 55.Cassia marilandica.Lonicera sempervirens. 30. sativa.Agrimonia eupatoria.Ocimum basilicum.Crocus sativus.Ruta graveolens.Rubus allegheniensis. American holly 16.Vinca minor.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosa laevigata. fennel 40. foxglove 41. 68.Lindera benzoin.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. dogwood horehound 18.Nepeta cataria.Mentha spicata. 37. saffron crocus 25. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Rosmarinus officinalis. St. wild ginger69.Asarum virginicum. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Verbascum thapsus.Dipsacus sativus.Dianthus caryophyllus. fuller's teasel 67.Lilium candidum. mullein 49.Pulmonaria officinalis.Monarda didyma.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Populus balsamifera. yellow-root 7. bee balm 28.Symphytum officinale. yaupon pink southernwood 12. 1.Calendula officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 27.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. sweet 64.Calycanthus fioridus. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Gaultheria procumbens.Galium odoratum. box chamomile 9. 50. blue 46. gray santolina witch hazel 11. 63. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Armoracia rusticana. catnip 34. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. yarrow lungwort 22.Lobelia siphilitica. lemon 26. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Sassafras albidum.Cornus florida. 42. 70. hyssop sassafras 20.Melissa officinalis. garden sage 59.Colchicum autumnale. agrimony 58.Mentha pulegium.Chimaphila umbellata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia abrotanum.Borago officinalis.Cimicifuga racemosa. spearmint 62. 38.Paeonia officinalis. tansy 65.Hamamelis virginiana.Hypericum perforatum.Elizabeth Lawrence.Asclepias tuberosa.Digitalis purpurea.Pinckneya pubens. horsemint lobelia 23. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Buxus sempervirens. dill 39.Acorus calamus. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . sweet shrub 10.Anethum graveolens.Monarda punctata.Hyssopus officinalis. rue 56. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 61.Chamaemelum nobile. clove 36. 43. 33. butterfly 32. basil chive 3. balm autumn crocus 2. senna woodruff 15.Ilex vomitoria.57. black 29.Mentha × piperita. lovage 35.Punica granatum.Achillea millefolium.Tanacetum vulgare. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. borage 31. peony 51. great 47.
preventives. < previous page page_120 next page > . Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. In any event. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. 1 T. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. This is true for the remedies. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. of herbs for one loaf of bread. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. and fragrances they developed. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers.
pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosmarinus officinalis.Cydonia oblonga. apothecary's rose 22.Digitalis purpurea. caraway 19.Tanacetum vulgare.Salvia officinalis.Origanum majorana. 14. absinthe 9. Calendula officinalis. catnip 16. sweet basil 13.Viburnum prunifolium. horsemint 20.Marrubium vulgare. opium poppy 5. spearmint 17.Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 15.Mentha spicata. winter savory 4.Satureja montana. English thyme rosemary 7. tansy 11.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Nepeta cataria. blue hyssop 21. peppermint 18.Ocimum basilicum. quince 24.Mentha × piperita.Papaver somniferum. foxglove 12.Artemisia absinthium. pot marigold 2. lavender lovage 3. garden sage 8.Carum carvi.Monarda punctata. sweet marjoram 6.Pyrus communis.Levisticum officinale. English 10.Lavandula angustifolia. black haw 23.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 1.
and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. Some could be used singly. The main paths of brick unify the garden. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. centrally located. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. the other 1761. makes it something of a focal point. The beds are used to achieve balance. from early Moravian settlements. and if the best has not always survived. Thus it was for this garden. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. often it is reconstructed.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. Shaded by hop vines. for example the large square bed with circular path. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. < previous page page_122 next page > . to study it. Allowed such freedom of expression. one dated 1759. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. and bricks raise the beds. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans.
< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Campbell.L. A.S. . Landscape Architect.A.
orach 76. mugwort67.Cornusflorida. 1.Passiflora incarnata.Hyssopus officinalis. love.Salvia viridis.Salvia sclarea.Vitis. corn poppy 79. blessed thistle 8. black cumin 46.Mentha × piperita.Rosa gallica. garden nasturtium 12. hop southernwood 39.Chamaemelum nobile. clove 53.Carum carvi.Artemisia abrotanum. rue 14. virgin's bower 40.Chrysanthemum parthenium. parsley 32. hollyhock 51.Melissa officinalis. polyanthus narcissus 60. asparagus 31. comfrey 33. stock 50.Mentha spicata. lemon 64. catnip 70.Consolida ambigua. grape larkspur 41. red pepper 20. 80. annual clary 3.Tropaeolum minus. 81.The number in each planting area is the key number. Carolina jessamine 38.Ruta graveolens. garden sage 15.Althaea officinalis.Silybum marianum. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . sorrel 65. Madonna lily 59.Dianthus caryophyllus.Colchicum autumnale.Origanum majorana. marsh mallow 7.Allium schoenoprasum.Marrubium vulgare. redbud 24.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Achillea millefolium.Lagerstroemia indica.Alcea rosea. elecampane 11.Tropaeolum majus. borage 5. basil moss rose 44. garlic lungwort 36. poet's narcissus 61. betony 82.Crocus sativus.Coriandrum sativum.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Levisticum officinale. 48. madder 16.Celosia cristata. English thyme 2. spearmint 57. English 78.Anethum graveolens. clary 30.Armoracia rusticana. blue 63. French rose 18. rhubarb 10. tansy 6.Rosa eglanteria. fennel marjoram 28. holy thistle 58.Artemisia vulgaris.Cercis canadensis.Matthiola incana.Tanacetum vulgare.Gelsemium sempervirens.Narcissus poeticus. dwarf nasturtium 13.Rosa damascena.Petroselinum crispum.Papaver rhoeas.Cnicus benedictus.Borago officinalis. sweet 71. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Pulmonaria officinalis. sweet 55. yarrow 4.Rosmarinus officinalis.Clematis virginiana.Symphytum officinale. balm chive 37.Asparagus officinalis.Aquilegia vulgaris. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. daisy crape myrtle 23. 66. 74. rosemary49. dill 73. eglantine Group. absinthe 45. 52. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Rosa moschata. blue 69.Hydrangea quercifolia.Rubia tinctorum. cockscomb 47. lavender rose 21. 54. columbine 29. chestnut rose 43. 68.Amaranthus caudatus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. lovage 9.Allium sativum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Atriplex hortensis. autumn crocus 34.Rosa roxburghii.Nepeta cataria. damask coriander rose 19. saffron peppermint crocus 35. cabbage angustifolia. chamomile 17. caraway 72.Rheum rhabarbarum.Rosa centifolia. horehound 56.77.Artemisia absinthium.Stachys officinalis.Humulus lupulus.Ficus.Saponaria officinalis. hyssop maypop 42.Ocimum basilicum.Rumex acetosa.Nigella sativa.Bellis perennis.Narcissus tazetta.Salvia officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Inula helenium.Lilium candidum.Magnolia grandiflora. 62.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The next most desirable exposure. This space was never adequate. Thus. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. far from the house. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. The lesser the scale. it is proper to make a trial run. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. Although some observations may seem obvious. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Usually this is least desirable. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. and the north point is established. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. the western. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. First. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Calluna (heather). Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. A ravine and existing. even boggy.
Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed.ground where drainage is better. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. as the drawing on p. Indeed. The. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. all four sides are so determined. another is close to the rear of the house. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. 77 provided the needed inspiration. 127 indicates. Then. and the property line on the last. Culinary herbs will fill a large. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. It was a pleasurable assignment. The new herb garden has been located. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. single bed. < previous page page_126 next page > . and the search did not take long. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. but it need not be identical. The outline is fixed. certainly not precisely the same. a driveway on still another. The general outline is similar.
With the herb beds placed near the drying room. If all is well. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. If. Two drawings were required to work out problems. There was no . then north. In addition. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. forming the outer boundary of the service path. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. In fact. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. this low wall will enclose the garden area. With the plan established.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. as in this case. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. something is amiss. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
In this case. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. and the finished edging would be effective. The old turn-around stone made it necessary.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. A structural edging was in order. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. the eight-foot length was more practical. a lapped joint was fashioned. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. In the earlier stage of planning. In this area. admittedly. . however. Before edgings could be put in place. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. eight. this was. the site required some leveling. However. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. not one completed in a weekend. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. However. At corners. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. this same base underlies all the paths. filling the beds with soil was next. This method of treatment now guarantees . Heavy black plastic. could serve this purpose. but there are exits to different levels. A choice of five colors was available. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. Unfortunately. had been proof of that. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. The latter need to be more substantially paved. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. The pattern is running bond. Weeds. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. selected for its simplicity. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. leaves. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. for they will likely have more traffic. One is the ramp to the driveway. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. Aged compost. sand.
The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. However. on a trial run of one course of brick. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. worth the added cost. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. even bed for the pavers.
In this instance. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. French drains." their construction can be somewhat varied. converging where it was logical to do so. for it would interfere with the drainage system. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. . Herbs have flourished in the beds. and the steps to other levels. With the completion of the paths. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. the terraced area. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. learned about decades earlier. since that path borders the house. Sometimes called "rubble drains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds.
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having a variety of gradations. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. often a wall or trellis. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Its arrow points north and. sixteenths of an inch. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. in inches. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. hundredths of an inch. and so on. twelfths of an inch. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. in tenths of an inch. albula. casts the shadow for the hour. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. and so on. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. for example. not necessarily referable to botanical species. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. is symmetrical. E EllipseAn oval. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. for example. a garden plan. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike.
ForthrightA straight course or path. a patterned garden. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. heated especially by fermenting manure. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . also called rubble drain. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. or colored earths. loose. a flat. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects.3). rounded fragments of rock. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. M ManufactoryA factory. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. Usually a few inches thick. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. turf. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. roofed structure usually open on the sides. GrindstoneMillstone. its compartments filled with flowers. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. G GazeboA freestanding.brick) in the same course. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. Pea gravelSmall. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone.3. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.
a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle.rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.
StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. walls. not treelike or with a single trunk. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. Stone. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. R Rose. cutting. < previous page page_132 next page > . TreillageLatticework for vines. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. ranking between species and variety. It is the basic unit in classification of plants.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. or steps. W Wall. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. often planted with aromatic herbs. called also a hose cock. Turf seatBanked-up earth. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. V VarietyA category below species. snug fit for walks.
Aurora. 1977.C. 1935. 1973. New York: Macmillan.. Berrall. Edlin. Erichsen-Brown. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Agnes. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1911. Batsford. London: Marshall Cavendish. New York: Macmillan. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1972. 1979. New York. 1972. 1976. London: Country Life. Peter. Robert Lee. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. 1962. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Book of the Geranium. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Clarkson. New York: Viking Press. Beston. Herbs and the Earth. London: Adam and Charles Black. Mo. Hortus Third. . 1958. Bardswell. Henry. How Plants Get Their Names. Seal. Brownlow. . Rosetta E. New York: Hawthorne Books. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. London: Macmillan. New York: Macmillan.. 1938. British Plants. Sevenoaks. 14701670. Terrace. Dutton & Co. P.. S. Green Enchantment. Liberty Hyde. New York: G. New York: Crown Publishers. The Garden (An Illustrated History). London. London: Saturn Press. Rosemary F.: Buckeye Printing Co. Helen H. Foster. Harriet Ballard. 1944. Alice Morse. Putnam's Sons. H. Gertrude B. Bailey Hortorium. L. Prof. Gertrude B. 1971. Julia S. Foley. Toronto. 1980. Margaret E. 1982. H. Carpenter.. 1966. New York: Viking Press. Sydney: B. Park Seed Co. Flannery. W. Room Outside. Bailey. Roses. Complements. Staff of. 1980. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. 1951. and Louden. New York: Dover. Sylvia. Herbsfor Every Garden. Independence. New York: Macmillan. Herbals. 1933. 1971. John Philip. The Small Garden. Doran & Co. P. Garden Design. T. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1951. John E.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. The Herb Garden. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Behme. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. Hanging Plants for Home. Daniel J. Helen Morgenthau. Brookes. Jot. Foster. Park's Success with Herbs. Frances A.. Coats. and Garden. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany.: Geo. 1902. ed. Crowe. 1970. Cross. L. Fox. John. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1963. Darrah. The Cultivated Basils. Earle. 1961. New York: Simon and Schuster. Garden City: Doubleday. and Accessories. 1966. Greenwood. 1942. 1957. New York: E. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Kent: The Herb Farm. Charlotte. . Baumgardt.
1974. Jr. New York: Harper & Bros. (1st American edition trans. Tucson: H. London: Faber and Faber. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. M. A. . New York: Dover. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. and Alma L.. Roy. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Loyal R. P. Modern Herbal. The Herb Garden. N. Eleanour Sinclair. Leighton.. 1911. Johns. Carol. Herbs. 1970. P. 1970.. 1969. Ireys. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Neri. Paul B. Franco. 1982. Kiaer. How to Select.. 1952. Norma Jean. New York: Dover. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Johnson. Hendrickson. The Berry Book. Hay. New York: Macmillan. Simmons.: Chronica Botanica Co. 1979. 1951. 1961. 1971. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. 1978. 1976. Landscaping with Vines. Lesch. 1973. Co. M. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. and Back. Helen K. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Dorothy Bovee. Toronto: Little.. Alice Recknagel. New York: Macmillan. Waltham.) Rohde. and Rice. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. 1946. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: William Morrow and Co. Patrick M. Walter. Shaker Herbs.. New York: Viking Press. Jones. Division Billboard Publications. 1966. 1938.Garland. Flowers of the Field. Plants of the Bible. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Pa. 1975. Krauss. Loewenfeld. New York: Doubleday. London: George Routledge & Sons. The Art of Dyeing.. Frederic. 1975. Frances. Robert.: Livingston Pub. A Biblical Garden. The Book of Spices. 1974. Grieve. Horace. New York: Clarkson N. Early American Gardens. 1959. Italy. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Boston. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Lerner. Books. < previous page page_133 next page > . Philippa. Dutton & Co. Rosengarten. Alma. Amy Bess. C. New York: E. George H. 1981. Brown & Co. 2d ed. Elizabeth. Pozza. 1976. Bernard Hickey. Howard. Claire. Claire. Adelma G. chemist. and Chiltoskey. 1981. New York: Macmillan. Harold N.C.. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1972. Mass. and Synge. Cherokee Plants. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. J.. Lawrence. McFarland. ed.: Herald Publishing Co. and Brunello. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Rev. Roses of the World in Color.. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs.. Wynnewood. Sylva. Miller. 1964. New York: De La Mare. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: Crown Publishers. Hamel. Mary U. Muenscher. Myron. How to Landscape Your Grounds. 1983. Vicenza. New York: William Morrow & Co. Mrs. Loewenfeld. 1969. New York: Van Nostrand. Sarah. Boston. Moldenke. Lawrence.. Gardens in Winter. 1971. Grow and Enjoy. Eigel. Ann. Potter. Lathrop. A Garden of Herbs. The Concise Handbook of Roses.
Susan W. A. Mrs.. Smith.L. and Mrs. Mrs. Herbs in the Garden.A. Mrs.A. Madalene Hill. L.A. Toronto: Van Nostrand.S. A. Jr. Norman. L. Griffin. 1931. McGarry. Bleecker. Martin. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Stearn. The Fragrant Year. The History of Gardens. Mrs. 1953. London: Phoenix House. Revised by Dr. Plimpton. William T. Onward and Upward in the Garden. F. Building Stone Walls. Mr. 1967. Robert G. Neil Hamill Park.. Charles Patch.A. 1979. Martha Dahlen. Herbert G. Hale & Co. 1982.. Paxton. Maxton Davies. A. Diane C. Leonard Dreyfuss. Sandy Hicks.A. Donald Paxton.A. Barbara Capen. New York. Mrs. L. New York: Simon & Schuster. Z. Thacker. John Poinier. Mrs.S. New York: Simon & Schuster. The Shakespeare Garden... New York: Doubleday. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Rev. Christopher... Zohary. L. Weber. ed. Mrs. Mrs. London: Phoenix House. Frank M. Associate. 1972. W. Mrs. William C. Vt.A. Mrs. H.L. Indianapolis. Yang. 1976. Mrs. White.: Garden Way. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Rhoda Specht. 1961. W T. Mrs. 1979. Louise Beebe. James C. Jack Emil Geist. Taloumis.. Boerner. Esther.A. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. New York: St.A.A. L. L.. Campbell. Helen Noyes. Stuart. Sherry D. Boston: Ralph T. Graham Stuart. Michael..... Mrs. Elizabeth Lawrence... 1942.The Old Shrub Roses. 1957. L. Robert K. Mrs. 1974. Raymond V. Elisabeth W. Marion E. Botanical Latin. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Mrs. Mrs. New York: William Farquhar Payson. George. George T. Katherine S. Fragrance in the Garden. Virginia B.. Moffit. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. New York: Dover. Philip Batchelder.A. Jr. New York: McGraw-Hill. William T. Melissa R. Helen Van Pelt. Nelva M. New York: St. 1966. 1979. L.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Lamm. Webster.A. Container Gardening Outdoors. Mrs. Straus. Henry Gund.. . 1972. Mrs. 1965. Meyer. Hines. Margaret Osborn Holt. . William Y Dear. Linda. The Fragrant Garden. Amy Bess Miller.. Stearn. Baker. Giroux. New ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. A. Austin R. Charlotte. New York: Hafner. New York: William Morrow & Co. Benjamin McF. L. Alfred L. T.A... New York. 1972. L. Gannaway.L. New York: Farrar. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.S. Jr. 1953. Winthrop G.. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. C. Jo Lohmolder. Malcolm. Morss. James D. Peter M.A. Landscape Architecture. Leonie. Ingersoll.. Charles L. Bush. Wilder.A.A. L. 1976. Mrs. Pees. Mrs. Thomas. L. Martin's. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. L. Lucile Teeter Kissack. John Ormsbee.A. Marshall. Cozart. William Radler. John. ed. Mrs. Wilson. and Robert B. . Mrs. Bradner. William W. and Bell. Climbing Roses Old and New. Keebler. L. Graham. Singleton. 1962.. A. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Martin's Press.D.R. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. Mrs. . A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. Taylor. Bynam. Hammond Crawford.A. Berkeley Brandt. Shrub Roses of Today. 1975. Price. Tarantino. Bates. Vivian. Vera Breed.
Isadore L. Mich. Ohio. Ohio. Booker Worthen. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Smith (Ann Leighton).C. Kingwood Center. Swanson.A. Matthew Miksch House. Christopher Spencer. Mr. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P.C. Edmund G. Bailey. Timothy Procter Ruh. G. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Hales Corners. Mrs. Lawrence Schetky.. Wisc. Mrs.. Mich. Inc. Jean Ruh. Ark. Mrs. N.. Ann Arbor. Semple. James S. L. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. < previous page page_134 next page > . Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Old Slater Mill Museum. Pawtucket. Lansing. Milton C. Derthick.. N. Mass. James F.. Faith H. Nathan Sameth..H. Architect. Western Reserve Herb Society. Mrs. Greenland. Whitman. Shaker Community. Inc. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Harper. Linda Yang. Cleveland. Frederick E. Talbot III. Little Rock.. Mrs. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Joan E. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. N. Helen M.. and Mrs. Plain Dealer Photo. The following provided historical. Atlanta. Mrs.A. Roberts. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Atlanta Historical Society. Hancock. R. Michigan State University.A. L. The Country Doctor Museum.Rady. Joe H.. L. Walter Rebmann. L. Winston-Salem.. Wilcox. Linda Yang... Mansfield.. civic. L. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.. Weeks Brick House. Mrs. Gayle.. University of Michigan. Skinner. Eric Duke Scott. Christopher Rady. Elbert Smith. Old Salem. Hancock Shaker Village. Mrs.I. Ga. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Eloise andJo Ray. John A. Rose. Mrs. Milton Stricker.A.
barbadensis A. maritima L. A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. C. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. A. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. officinalis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. E. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. Narcissus triandrus. Y smalliana Agrimonia. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. azoricum. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Myrrhis odorata. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var.
ludoviciana var. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. P. V. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. acerifolium. officinalis. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. podagraria Asparagus A. S. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. albula A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. Lamium album Viburnum. F. melongena var. Monarda didyma Crataegus. V. M. Solanum aculeatissimum S. officinalis Populus. false Galium aristatum. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. lycopersicum. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. G. P. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. grandiflorus Melissa M. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. laevis Rhododendron .
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. vulgaris A. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. B. M. alpina 'Alba' A. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. angustifolia. coronaria . chrysantha Symphytum S. P. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. deltoides Campsis radicans. Mertensia virginica. oleracea.
pseudonarcissus miniature N. coronaria.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Italian D Daffodil M. maculatum G. M. B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. angustifolia. macrocarpon. V. V. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. alpinum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. verna. alpinum R. C. N. B. sativum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . ioensis Vaccinium. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. M. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus.
x superbum Hemerocallis. obtusifolius R. lilioasphodelus H. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. H. lilioasphodelus. obtusifolius Rumex R. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. A. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. T officinale Bellis. frutescens C. Ferocactus latispinus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. D. triphyllum . crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Chrysanthemum frutescens. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. A.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. acetosa. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. crispus. C. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Hosta H. rivieri. R. Sansevieria. R.
elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Lychnis coronaria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. N. Gnaphalium. ragusina. Helichrysum. N. Senecio cineraria. pungens Sambucus S. N. C. C. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. damascena. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Centaurea cineraria. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. arvensis. gymnocarpa. Antennaria. azoricum Nigella. S.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia.× germanica I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. carica F. L. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. carica Corylus C. A. regalis Adiantum. P. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. versicolor. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. O. Osmunda. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. usitatissimum L. I. perenne . azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris.
sphaerocephalum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. Fumaria C. odoratissimum P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . quercifolium P. sylvatica Digitalis D. P. × germanica Myosotis M. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. Pelargonium. lanata D. × hortorum P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. lutea Allium sativum A. × limoneum P. purpurea D. tuberosum A. I. scorodoprasum A. sativum var. neapolitanum A. grossularioides P radens P.
denticulatum P. pratensis . T. Tragopogon. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. Z. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. A. canadense. capitatum P. P. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. T. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. × citrosum P. × jatrophifolium P. quercifolium P. officinale Z. chamaedrys T. canadense T. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. × nervosum P. tomentosum P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. crispum P. scabrum P graveolens P. A. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. glutinosum. graveolens P.
V. C. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Oxalis deppei.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. nervosa V. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. torquata E. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Vitis monticola. M.
golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. W. Lythrum. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. G. Ophiopogon L. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. majalis Liriope. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. C. L. triacanthos G. Pulmonaria . triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Sempervivum Lobelia L.
erecta T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. erecta T. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. tenuifolia T. erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. C. M. M. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. pedatum Hibiscus. A. alcea var. Malva. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. lucida . Malva. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. grandiflora M.blue M Mace. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. patula Calendula officinalis T.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
vulgare O. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. crispii M. S. R.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. Astrantia. suaveolens 'Variegata' . citrata. piperita var. vulgare 'Aureum' O. × piperita var. O. citrata M. vulgare O. citrata M. requienii M. onites O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. aquatica var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. majorana O. suaveolens M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. × piperita var. odorata Achillea millefolium. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. Spiraea alba. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. major. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. A. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. dictamnus O. citrata M. majorana O.
A. Azolla caroliniana. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. alba Verbascum. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. × gentilis M. Umbellularia californica. M. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. vulgaris A. olympicum. rubra M. communis. Myrrhis odorata. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. V. V. Myrtus. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. thapsus V. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. lactiflora Morus M.
P. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. L. majus T. V. tazetta Tropaeolum T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. minus T. V. album L. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N. nudum.
Proliferum Group A. cepa. A. A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. hortensis A. S. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. fragrans O. C. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fistulosum A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. fragrans Allium. fistulosum Atriplex. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. telephium Iris × germanica var. O. Scilla verna. cepa A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. florentina. cepa. I. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . vulgare var.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Castilleja californica. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var.
Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' .< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. crispum var. P. A. A. lactiflora P lactiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. crispum P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. pulsatilla Passiflora P. patens.
paniculata P. A. Grossum Group C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. C. C. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. Longum Group C. Piper C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. roseus C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Longum Group cone green C. frutescens C. C. C. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group Capsicum. annuum. annuum. Chenopodium. P frutescens Catharanthus. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. annuum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. retroflexus. Marsilea Perilla.
nigra P strobus P taeda P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. watsonii P maritima P. P salicina P angustifolia. Prunus japonica. gratianopolitanus D. taeda Chimaphila. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Silene laciniata. × paradisiaca. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. umbellata var. caryophyllus D. Plantago P. taeda P. angustifolia var. C. officinalis Dianthus D. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. C. cisatlantica Musa acuminata.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. plumarius D. M. americana . Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. alpinus D. umbellata var. P. plumarius.
rhoeas P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. L. vulgare Lithospermum. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . Liriodendron tulipifera P. 0. balsamifera P. E. biennis P. S. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. carnea Phytolacca americana P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus.
rhabarbarum R. coccineum C. P. Hesperis . cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. Diplotaxis. pepo C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. C. A. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. C. R. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. sativum var. pepo Portulaca. canadensis C.
sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Rosa chinensis R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. × borboniana R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. banksiae R. moschata . damascena R. R. canina R. canina. × borboniana Kerria. sativa Rosa R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. centifolia R. spinosissima R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. Rubus coronarius R. laevigata R. × borboniana R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. gallica R. × harisonii R. damascena 'Bifera' R. chinensis 'Minima' R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp.
chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. S. Salvia hierosolymitana . × rehderana R. setigera R. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. officinalis S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. azurea subsp. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. rugosa R. Rosmarinus. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. guaranitica S. microphylla S. sclarea S. greggii S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. caerula. angustissimus R. clevelandii S. officinalis Limonium R. pitcheri S. R.
P. A. T. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. virens. guaranitica S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. S. leucantha S. montana Scabiosa S. chamaecyparissus S. Salicornia. elegans S. chamaecyparissus S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. leucophylla S. halimus Crithmum maritimum. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. S. viridis S. S. marilandica Amelanchier . hebecarpa. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. C. neapolitana S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. maritimum E.
Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .
C. biflorum . Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. G. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. nivalis Lamium album. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. V. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. coggygria Cotinus. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. coggygria C. P. C. americana. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. coggygria. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. P.
Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. H. crassipes O. japonica Sorbaria. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. patulum. H.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. V.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. O. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. L. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. pyrenaicum. scutatus R. E. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. officinalis thyme-leaved V. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . S. Ornithogalum arabicum. R. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. acetosa.
floridus Philadelphus . Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. O. perennis. vulgare var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. M. incana M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. vesca F. C. dracunculus var. vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. O. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. crispum T. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. T vulgare T. chiloensis F. incana M. vulgare var.
'Broad-leaf English' T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. A. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. maritima Thymus. praecox T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. Silybum marianum S. sylvestris D. laevigata Eupatorium. arcticus T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. benedictus. T. × citriodorus T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. pallasianus T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. marianum S. 'Clear Gold' T. 'Argenteus' T. C. E. praecox subsp. phaenopyrum C. marianum S.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St.
Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. cerasiforme. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. L. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. C. I. Physalis peruviana L. peruviana P. lycopersicum var. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. radicans Bignonia capreolata.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Coreopsis Linaria. P. praecox subsp. alata Lycopersicon. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. lycopersicum L. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. pruinosa. lycopersicum var. P. sanctum O. sanctum Tulipa T. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. noli-tangere.
canina. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Chimaphila. longifolia Chamaelaucium. V riviniana Viola odorata V. P. caeruleum Clematis. C. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. officinalis Polemonium. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. odorata V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Alba' V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. C. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. caprea . odorata V.
frutescens Viburnum cassinoides.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Gaultheria procumbens. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. camphorata A. nudum Isatis I. W. annua A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. gmelinii A. verticillata Chimaphila. Corydalis sempervirens A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. S. Vanilla barbellata A. absinthium A. I. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Stachys . tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. caprea. ambrosioides Artemisia. pontica. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. V. frigida A.
vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. vomitoria I. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. lutea. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . filipendulina A. ageratum A. X. tomentosa Ilex cassine. taygetea A. C. simplicissima Cladrastis.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. × media 'Hicksii' T. I. millefolium A.
millefolium A.. butter-print. breviflora A. fourcroydes sweet flag. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. calamus maidenhair fern. maidenhair American maidenhair. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. alpinus Aconitum A. theophrasti Acacia A. pedatum Agastache A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. h. parlor m. ageratum A. foeniculum Agave A. Indian mallow China jute. h. nose-bleed. longifolia Achillea A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. sanguinary. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . napellus Acorus A. fennel g. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. taygetea A. calamus Adiantum A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. thousand-seal.. yarrow sneezeweed. fragrant g. lion's tail anise hyssop. monkshood flowering maple.. five-finger f. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. blue giant hyssop. Indian mallow. monkshood helmut flower. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. cana A. maidenhair fern.
ostrowskianum A. Rosenbachianum A. Pulchellum A. giganteum A. christophii A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. neapolitanum A. sisal hemp. schoenoprasum A.. Japanese bunching o. senescens var. fistulosum A. garlic rocambole.. eupatoria Agrostemma A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. tree o. karataviense A. flavum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. moly A. sativum var. hemp plant agrimony. sisalana Agrimonia A. ophioscorodon A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. scorodoprasum A. alpina A. ciboule.A. serpent garlic chive. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. vulgaris Allium A. reptans Alcea A. Spanish o. flowering o.. cocklebur. purple c. cive. githago Ajuga A. sativum A. two-bladed o. rosea Alchemilla A.. schnittlauch giant garlic .
. Curasao a. sphaerocephalum A. triphylla Althaea A. white m. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. pulsatilla Anethum A. blanda A. caudatus Amelanchier A. archangel. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. bugloss alkanet. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. medicinal a. tinctoria Anthriscus A. barbadensis Aloysia A. cerefolium chervil angelica. juneberry. officinarum Anchusa A. shad. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. marschalliana A.glaucum A. officinalis Amaranthus A. hupehensis var. canadensis Amsonia A. shadbush. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. tuberosum Aloe A.. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. garlic c. japonica A. bugloss windflower. officinalis Anemone A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. Barbados a.. Oriental garlic .
vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. European crowfoot bearberry. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. graveolens A. graveolens var.Apium A. alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha A.
asarabacca wild ginger. sativa A. wormwood southernwood. lactiflora A. creashak green-dragon. Ludoviciana var. arborescens A. old man southernwood absinthe. dracontium A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. camphorata A. hog cranberry. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. mealberry. mountain box. gmelinii A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. albula A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. maritima Armoracia A. kinnikinick. triphyllum subsp. dracunculus var. red cole sagebrush. europaeum A. sea pink thrift. rusticana Artemisia A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . pink or white horseradish. mugwort. annua A. frigida A. stewardsonii Armeria A. sandberry. triphyllum A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. bear's grape. pontica A. canadense A. virginicum bearberry.
piprage beet swiss chard. halimus A. c. ruby s. garden o. saltbush orach.. wild blue i. nivea Borago B.. hortensis B Baptista B. cool-tankard cole. pleurisy root. major Atriplex A. officinalis Astrantia A. tuberroot. upland cress winter cress. wild indigo. talewort. silkweed. butterfly flower butterfly weed. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry.Asclepias A. wild indigo blue false indigo. c. tuberosa Asparagus A. australis B. vulgaris Bellis B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. tinctoria Barbarea B. mustard . Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. i. yellow r. vulgaris. rattleweed winter cress. China grass borage borage. jaundice berry. c. Chinese silk plant. plains f. s. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. mountain spinach false indigo. s. rocket. B. c. perennis Berberis B. ruby s. orach sea orach. papyrifera Boehmeria B. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B.
. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . pineapple s. eruca B. grandiflora Calendula C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. white-flowered k.B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. strawberry s.. carpatica C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. koreana B. sempervirens B. officinalis Calycanthus C. microphylla 'Nana' B. floridus Campanula C. microphylla var.
p. chili p. < previous page page_147 next page > . trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o. green p. o. p. s. o. trumpet vine.C. p.. o. p.. p. o. p. C. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. persicifolia C. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. pimento sweet pepper s.. green p. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. p. p. bell p. red p. p. sweet pepper. p. p. o. trumpet flower. rapunculus Campsis C.. s. cow-itch. o. s. p. o.
Tabasco-sauce p. Russian c. majus Chelone cayenne p. Tabasco p. canariensis Cedrus C. marilandica Catharanthus C. senna.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. carvi Carya C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. red p.. false saffron. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. garden c... Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. nobile Chelidonium C.. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. shellbark h. chili p. frutescens Carthamus C. Madagascar periwinkle. tinctorius Carum C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. capsicum p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. ovata Cassia C. celandine celandine turtlehead. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. illinoinensis C. snakehead . deodara Celosia C. bastard s. cristata Cercis C.
× jouiniana 'Mrs. American w. Chinese dwarf 1. ladanifer Citrus C. rattletop black cohosh. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. alecost pyrethrum. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. balsamita C. old-man's-beard costmary. Spanish t. coccineum C. virgilia virgin's bower. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. pigweed Mexican tea. dwarf 1. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. wax flower. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. intybus Cimicifuga C. Dalmatia p.. virginiana balmony goosefoot. fat hen ambrosia. glabra Chenopodium C. × superbum Cichorium C. lutea Clematis C. racemosa Cistus C. Meyer 1. umbellata Chionanthus C... devil's-darning- . pyrethum. parthenium C. feather geranium. wormseed. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. leather flower. leucanthemum C. Robert Brydon' C. crispus C. bonus-henricus C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C.. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. ambrosioides C.C. virgin's bower. cinerariifolium C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. leather flower. frutescens C. barbe-de-capuchin. botrys Chimaphila C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. mint geranium. wintergreen.
trifolia Coreopsis C. Venetian sumac. peregrina Consolida C. thorn apple. avellana Cotinus C. benedictus Coix C. arkansana C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. autumnale Comptonia C. thorn. quick-set. smoke plant. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. Chinese parsley dogwood. smokebush smoke tree. cneorum Coptis C. red haw hawthorn English h. tinctoria Coriandrum C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander.needle Cnicus C. smokebush. apiculatus Crataegus C. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . florida Corylus C. orientalis Convallaria C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. laevigata C.. ambigua C. sativum Cornus C. majalis Convolvulus C.
fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. kotschyanus C... × allwoodii D. West Indian 1. gracilis Dianthus D. angustifolius C. maritimum Crocus C. sempervirens Cydonia C. scoparius C. speciosus C. sativus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. speciosus 'Albus' C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. sieberi C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . citratus Cytisus C.C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.
Simkins' 'Nanus' D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. sylvestris Doronicum D. grandiflora D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . spectabilis Dictamnus D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. gas plant. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. pardalianches E Echeveria E. sativus D. lanata D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. burning bush.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. carnation.
viridis Epimedium E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. J. hyemale Eranthis E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. perfoliatum E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. jacinth. maritimum Eschscholzia E. plum eryngo sea holly. arvense E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. sea holm. gum tree. S. ironbark. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. poppy eucalypt. dulcis Endymion E. blueweed. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. torquata Euonymus E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E.. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset.E. epimedium barrenwort. californica Eucalyptus E. Australian gum. sea eryngo California poppy C. b. Japanese medlar. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . japonica Eryngium E. pungens Eleocharis E. rugosum v.
azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. assafoetida Ficus F. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. vulgare subsp. vulgare F. ulmaria F. chiloensis F. sow-teat s. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . cyparissias F Ferula F.s. alpine s. vulgare var. major Fragaria F.Euphorbia E.s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. finocchio. a. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. imperialis Fumaria F. a.s. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. a.
Carolina jessamine Genista G. checkerberry. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. woodwaxen. gardenia.. hexapetala G Galanthus G. dyer's greenweed. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. mock p. our-lady's-b. cleavers white bedstraw. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. honey locust. robertianum Glechoma G.F. mollugo G. germanica G. odoratum G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. Carolina jasmine G. spotted c. nivalis Galium G. ground ivy. verum Gardenia G. vernalis H. hederacea Gleditsia G. mountain tea. runaway robin. jasminoides Gaultheria G... Capejasmine wintergreen. sempervirens evening trumpet flower.. alumroot herb Robert. wild c. sweet w. tinctoria Geranium G. field balm. red Robin . maculatum G.. triacanthos Gossypium G. Carolina yellow j. woodroof yellow bedstraw. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. virginiana Hedeoma H. teaberry. pulegioides American pennyroyal. false baby's-breath woodruff. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw.
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. blacking plant plantain lily. flavescens Helenium H. hibiscus kenaf. licorice plant heliotrope. lilioasphodelus H. matronalis Hibiscus H. curry plant false licorice. rose-of-China. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. Hawaiian h. glabra Hesperis H. bastard jute. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. rose m. bimlipatum j.. angustifolium H. giant m. × luteola Herniaria H. mallow. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. atrorubens H. garland 1. arborescens Helleborus H. niger H. lividus subsp. Chinese hibiscus. petiolatum Heliotropium H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket.. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. Deccan h. corsicus H..... foetidus H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. Deckaner h. sweet r. turnsole heliotrope. daylily . China rose. orientalis Hemerocallis H. lemon d. cannabinus H. Indian hemp. bimli j. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.
white h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H..-John's-wort St. orangeroot. horned h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. patulum 'Sungold' H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. box-leaved h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. navelwort gotu kola St. box-leaved h. rose h. asiatica Hypericum H.H. . Burford's holly Japanese holly. perforatum Hyssopus H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. lupulus Hydrangea H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.-John's-wort St. crenata var. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. European h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. quercifolia Hydrastis H. I.
× germanica var. pseudacorus Isatis I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. glabra I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. officinale Juniperus J. crested i. J. jewelweed. cristata I. wilsonii Impatiens I. opaca I. florentina I. maculata J Jasminum J. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. touch-me-not jewelweed. chinensis var. vomitoria 'Nana' I.. horizontalis creeping j. 'Great Lakes' I. African corn lily corn lily orris. spotted t. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. tinctoria Ixia I. crested dwarf i. woad dyer's woad. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. yellow flag. capensis Indigofera I. alba Iris I. snapweed. water f. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . tinctoria Inula I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. helenium Ipomoea I...I.
flamingo p.. brandegeana shrimp plant J. bay.. dentata L.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. maculatum L. plume plant.. sweet bay laurel. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. d. dumb nettle. king'scrown L Lactuca L. n. angustifolia subsp. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L.Justicia water willow J. carnea Brazilian-plume. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. indica Lamium L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. paradise p. n. plume flower. white d. angustifolia L. album L. dentata var. nobilis Lavandula L.
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
pepperwort.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. summer s. chalcedonicum Limonium L. candidum L. marsh rosemary. muscari Lobelia L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. blue cardinal flower . tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. benzoin Linum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. perenne L. leonurus Leontopodium L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. usitatissimum Liriope L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. officinale Ligustrum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. hedge plant privet. sativum Leucojum L. aestivum Levisticum L. lovage privet.. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.
tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. europaeus Lysimachia L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. coronaria 'Alba' L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. money plant. stellata M. annua Lychnis L. lycopersicum var. honesty.. flava L. gypsywort. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. campion. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . maritima L. coral h. catchfly mullein pink. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. vulgaris Lythrum L. grandiflora M. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. penny f. satin flower honesty. sempervirens Lunaria L. moonwort. coronaria L. lycopersicum var. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. silver-dollar. cordata Magnolia M. virginiana sweet alyssum.L.
creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. Scotch m. angustifolia M. sweet b. bee b. menthella. pulegium M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. bergamot m. × piperita var. incana Melissa M. fastigiata Marrubium M. white h.. 'Guiding Star' M.. horsemint . horsemint peppermint orange mint. stock stock. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. vulgare Matthiola M. citrata M... spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. alcea var. 'Eau de Cologne' M. musk m. b. holly barberry. lungwort bluebells. Oregon g. cowslip. officinalis Mentha M. incanum M. American crab. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. gillyflower... imperial stock balm lemon b. pennyroyal Corsican m.. Virginia c. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. holly mahonia. apple m.. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. lemon m. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. blue barberry apple. longifolia M.Mahonia M. Virginia b. × gentilis M. aquatica M. holly g. × piperita M. pineapple m.. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. mountain g. bluebells. curly m. Brampton stock. requienii M. hupehensis Malva M.
American m. winter purslane. white b. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. b. candleberry. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. white bee balm pink b. sweet cicely. Swedish m. Oswego tea. fistulosa var.M. b. odorata Myrtus M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . punctata Montia M. fistulosa M. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. Greek myrtle. sylvatica Myrica M. menthifolia M.. anise. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. banana abaca. swamp c. pink b. myrrh. citriodora M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. textilis Myosotis M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. red m. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
pasture b. veris Prunella P. domestica P. five-finger shrubby c. widdy shrubby c. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . nepalensis P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. all-heal salad burnet... tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. trifoliata Populus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken.Poncirus P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. hackmatack. maritima P. angustifolia P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. golden hardhack. hardy orange poplar. persica Pteridium P. sand p. heal-all. cowslip self-heal self-heal. elatior P.. pensylvanica P. aspen. vulgaris Prunus P. balsam p. tacamahac cinquefoil. Jerusalem sage. hog-pasture b. brake. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. Americana P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. lungwort blue 1. brake bracken. granatum Pyrus P.
stellata R Ranunculus R.. cabbage r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. Bourbon r. garden r. pie plant. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. banksiae R. purshiana Rheum R. 'Cinderella' R. pygmy r. sativum Rosa R. alpinum R. fairy r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. China r. pilewort mignonette weld. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. chinensis 'Minima' R... moss r. mountain c. brier r. typhina Ribes R.. eglantine. small c. red currant. moss r. brier Banksia r. dog b. gallica damask r. gooseberry alpine c. autumn damask r. ficaria Reseda R. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup.. garden c.Quercus Q. dog r. canina R. crowfoot lesser celandine. . rose. York-and-Lancaster r. luteola Rhamnus R.. × borboniana R. eglanteria R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. sweetbrier French r.
garden sorrel broad dock. Harison's yellow r. sorrel. angustissimus R. laevigata R. Japanese r. Turkestan r. polyantha r. × harisonii R. burnet r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. setigera R. rosemary pine-scented r. Cherokee r. acetosa R. wichuraiana R. rugosa R. dock s. rosemary white r. French sorrel rue . prairie r. golden p. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. Scotch r. roxburghii R. musk r. chinquapin r. tinctorum Rubus R. moschata R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock.. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. spinosissima R. chestnut r. snowdwarf memorial r.. 'Schneezwerg' R. r. madder bramble blackberry.. bitter d.'Officinalis' R. hirta Rumex R. × rehderana R. climbing r. climbing r.. obtusifolius R. prostrate rosemary.
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involucrata S. greggii S. clevelandii S. s. clary annual clary elder. bloodroot red puccoon. gray sage. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. golden g. leucophylla S. leucantha S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. microphylla S. American e. pussy willow sage. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. caerula S. purple variegated garden s. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. osier goat willow. s. sclarea S. elderberry American e. guaranitica S. bloodroot rue . variegated garden s. purple g. purple sage baby sage garden sage. canadensis willow. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. viridis Sambucus S. caprea Salvia S. Mexican bush s. argentea S. garden s. elegans S.
. St. sweet s. virens Saponaria S. Mary's t. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. hen-and-chickens. live-forever houseleek. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. morganianum S. good-luck plant.. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. jasminoides S. melongena var. live-forever houseleek. sisarum Solanum S. telephium Sempervivum S.. blessed t. neapolitana S.Sanguisorba S. officinalis Sassafras S. tectorum Silybum S. atropurpurea Sedum S. marianum Sium S. mad apple . lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. mourning-bride stonecrop. trifasciata Santolina S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. canadensis Sansevieria S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. pincushion flower pincushions. hemp plant snake plant. albidum Satureja S. milk t. pinnata S. devil's tongue. skirret potato vine eggplant. lucky plant. roof h. hortensis S..
woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. big m. hedge nettle. lilac . false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. reticulata var. grandiflora S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. laevis Symphytum S. × persica var.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. officinale Syringa S. woundwort lamb's-ears. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. lutea Stokesia S.. patula melongene. sorbifolia Sorbus S. byzantina S. vulgaris 'Addie V. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. erecta marigold African m.. americana Stachys S. laciniata Persian lilac S. Aztec m. officinale S. californica Sorbaria S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S.
procumbent g. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. officinale Taxus T.. vulgare T. vulgare var. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. canadense T. culinary golden lemon t. marum Thuja T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. carnosus T. columnar y. . golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. sweet mace French m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. filifolia T. occidentalis Thymus T. yew conical y. upright y. signet m. dwarf m. lemon t. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. dense y.. wood sage germander dwarf. crispum Taraxacum T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. 'Argenteus' T. fruticans T.. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.T. germander American g. tansy tansy. lucida T.
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jasminoides Tragopogon T. doerfleri T.. . creeping t. woolly thyme creeping t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. odorus t. pallasianus T. richardii subsp. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. glabrescens T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. crimson c. pratensis Trichostema T. caraway t. wishbone flower. nummularius T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. zygis Torenia T. lemon t. lanatum Trifolium T. red c. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. serpyllum T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T.. not culinary French t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. praecox subsp. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. praecox T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. herba-barona T. t. t. confederatej. leucotrichus T. nitidus T.
red s.Tropaeolum T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. velvet p. laevifolium Valeriana V. mullein mullein. angustifolium var. 'General de Wet' T. squill. pale yellow Darwin t. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. Indian cress dwarf n. clusiana T. canadensis Tulipa T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. . officinalis V. speedwell. farfara U Urginea U. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. 'Sweet Harmony' T. huckleberry. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. kaufmanniana T. nettle stinging n. blattaria V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. cranberry. tall n. 'Blizzard' T. tawny orange t. species t. tarda T. dioica V Vaccinium V. officinalis Verbascum V.. bitter Indian garden n.. majus T. early. olympicum V. blueberry. thapsus Veronica V. water-lily t. flannel plant. minus Tsuga T. maritima Urtica U. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion.
possum haw . khus-khus. ladies-delight. heartsease. nannyberry. minor Viola V.. violet dog violet horned v. odorata V. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V.Vetiveria V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. myrtle. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. prunifolium Vinca V. zizanioides Viburnum V. running m.. maple-leaved viburnum. acerifolium V. heartsease pansy. tricolor V. withe-rod vetiver. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. lutea 'Splendens' V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. lesser p. canina V. cassinoides V. arrowwood. sheepberry. carlesii V. sweet h. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle.
ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. officinale ginger true ginger.
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