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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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Page v

To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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Page vii

CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Ginny had done some writing. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. The turning point came when. alterations. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. with sparkling enthusiasm. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. wheedling. and I have had the pleasure of advising. seven years ago. bereft of hope.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. and the experience provided the final section of the book. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. This was not to be. With false starts and honest stops. whether all their labor was to no avail. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. pushing. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. It needs no sequel. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. Their energy and charm caught me up. This they did. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. successes. responded with delight. especially poetry. for they had no model and no guide. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. build it. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. punching. Again they revised. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. carefully chosen. more of them exist to serve as examples. Then. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. and record every detailall of the failures. and the publisher. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are.

the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. specialty. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. and these are capitalizedfor example. by their owners. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. A range of essential factors is considered herein. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. Not all plants used are herbs. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. although countless common names exist. degree of maintenance required. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. English thyme. former generic names. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. historical interest. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. Italics are always used for botanical names. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. we completed a test garden. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Likewise. 1969 and 1980. without accompanying commentary. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. and educational purpose. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. the authors. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. rather. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. Some of these were created by landscape architects. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. or by contributors. The herb garden designs alone. We. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. while others were prepared by landscape designers. To achieve this. . As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter.

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For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. and the horticulturist. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. M.. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Betty Rea. A lecturer on herbs. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. president. Nell Neff. Weatherhead. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. She has served. The late Raymond C. Special thanks are due James C. former managing editors. His assistant.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Recognition is due Robert B. Swanson and Robert B.D. Trudi Bela. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. former director of same. Isaacson. We are grateful to many. Susan Frugé. Richard T. FAITH H. too. and Rexford Talbert. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Genevieve Jyurovat. have also been of assistance. librarian. Jo Lohmolder. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Eleanor Gambee. as expediter and typist. and Joanna Reed. Rady. has given us valuable information. Herbert J. Keebler and the late Everest P. has been especially helpful over the years. always encouraging us to stay with our project. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. Alice Skelsey. Finally. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. and August Frugé. Derthick. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. and Elizabeth Bryce. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Alexander Apanius. past presidents. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Lee Buss. Wanda Ritchie. which made possible the completion of our text. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. As Henry Beston reflects. new ways of seeing. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. the north point will have been indicated. As one constantly reinforces the other. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. not at all difficult to maintain. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. or an abandoned. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. fences. some of which are evergreen. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. partially excavated area. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. Perennial herbs. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. and hedges will have been located." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. to increase the value of the property. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. "Not difficult to plan. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. new plants. Its interest is independent of flowers. In order to create a fine garden design. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden." A good design does not "happen. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. If no .< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. temples of worship. and decisions must not be left to chance. a front dooryard." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. and structures. lay out a plan of the property.

and hedges. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. fences. < previous page page_2 next page > .Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. measurements are in engineer's scale. Here.

For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. too. The object is to . A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. Other areas may require a smaller scale. Here. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. Next. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. will give the lot or acreage measurements. measure to locate the house. such as the one illustrated here. In the absence of a survey map. to locate the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. A deed description. too. but with all needed information. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. other significant structures. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. and the driveway. In this example. measurements are in engineer's scale.

paths. lines at an angle. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. enclosures.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. shrubs. The tools needed for drawing are few. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. triangleof inexpensive plastic. < previous page page_3 next page > . and unusual land features noted. driveway. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. and parallel lines. The smaller the scale. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch.

However. and hedges of hemlock. gazebo. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. brick. or summer kitchen is ideal. yew. One basic rule is the higher the wall.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. greenhouse. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. In the designs that follow. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. With the plan on paper. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. In the absence of a structure. iron. and stone. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. old smokehouse. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. Upkeep. bayberry. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. garage. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. In some cases. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . must be included in assessing maintenance demands. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. and holly. A toolhouse. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

such as bayberry. When this reinforcement is understated. for reinforcing the design. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Rosemary. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Stone. Generally. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. Where air circulation is much needed. and rosemary. Gates are part of the enclosure. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. some deciduous and some evergreen. whether it will be rocks. as an example. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. it will seem too sparsely planted. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. too. used for dry wall or masonry construction. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. At first. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. holly. If used. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. annual painting is a necessity. however. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. or natural. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. For example.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. if wood is the material of choice. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. When used with a hedge. . or. so give them much thought. or pressure-treated lumber. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. they can be made to order. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Brick is the all-time favorite material. painted. Allow adequate room within the row. gray surfaces are found. cut stones. Whatever the reason. for example. Styles are legion. and their styles are countless. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. box. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Lower cost is an advantage. In some climates. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. the garden design is most attractive. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. railroad ties. elegant box. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. as in outdoor room dividers. deeply evergreen. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. yew. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Stained. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. If desired. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. but the results will confirm this course. bricks. landscape timbers. Equally important is proportion. a temporary garden that may be changed later. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today.

Steps When constructing steps. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. there is a necessary. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. Conversely. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. awkward and unsafe.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. If groups are walking through. appearance. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. rosy pink. the greater the tread. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. but should be compatible with. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. making the design more evident. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. for example. Access paths. A width of four feet allows room for turning. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Paths must be ample. because they are just that. their use no less than comfortable. The colors are various: terracotta. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. There are. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. too. or red. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Step materials need not be the same as. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. and maintenance. . A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. cost. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. however.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface.

sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. a result being hazardous footing. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained.) To avoid having a slippery surface. bark or pine needles can be used. too. prepare a planting plan for each. They are easily renewed as they break down. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. shrubs. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . serviceberry. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. With these recommendations in mind.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. they should not shade the herbs too much. a soft-lead pencil in hand. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. This. or trees to be considered. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. is an enjoyable experience. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. When they mature. and many good references are available. If the garden is made up of separate beds. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. shad Malus coronaria. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used.

too. It needs. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. or whatever is best in your case. it is easily read and easily erased. 'Mount Hood daff. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. for example. Sept. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. a focal point is customarily used. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. noting well their growth habits.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Do use a soft-lead pencil. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. one-half inch equals one foot. whether they are invasive or tall growing. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. however. Often this center of interest is a sundial. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Artifacts As with other gardens. such as the one illustrated here. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. for example. lemon thyme.

a niche of its own should be created. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. Again. the height of a fence to the house. < previous page page_9 next page > . It is then in scale with its frame.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. If a statue less than life-size is used. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. a stylized drawing of an ovary. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . with one basic rule always needing to be observed. that of good proportion. For easy reference.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. Except for two. However. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. the designs have a decorative north point.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

or other structure. sweet 25.A. summer 23. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. 14.Melissa officinalis. Lavenders accent the front corners.Allium 11.Satureja hortensis. The first number in each planting area is the key number. 21.Galium odoratum.Thymus praecox subsp.L. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. 7. With color and texture considered for contrast. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Viola tricolor. fennel 2. salad burnet 12. 26. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. 6. bee balm 13. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Ocimum basilicum. which is used here in relation to a garage.Pelargonium graveolens. 3.Satureja montana. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. lemon balm . sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var.Lavandula savory angustifolia. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. lemon 15. The rules of symmetry are observed.Origanum majorana. rose 24. sativa.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.Poterium sanguisorba. a fence. 4. Foeniculum vulgare. lovage 17. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.S. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. 5. Landscape Architect. dill cerasiforme. 16. 1.Lobularia maritima. A. 22. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. arcticus 27. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.

Greek 28.Origanum heracleoticum. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.Porrum Group.Salvia officinalis.Petroselinum crispum var. dwarf garden 20. leek 9.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. curly parsley 10. chive 18. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.8. Pelargonium × limoneum. 19. costmary 'Albus'. Chrysanthemum balsamita.

there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. French tarragon 2. lemon verbena 21. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. 12. 1. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. 13.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Monarda didyma.Poterium sanguisorba. . Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides.Foeniculum vulgare. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Pelargonium tomentosum. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. white 20. 9.Aloysia triphylla. perhaps overgrown with weeds. rose 19.Pelargonium graveolens. curly parsley sativa. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect.Lavandula angustifolia. bush basil 3. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 17.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum. as was done here. Petroselinum crispum var. 11. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. summer 10. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Rosmarinus officinalis. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. 18.

Origanum majorana. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Heliotropium arborescens. 16. English thyme dill 8.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Rosa eglanteria. eglantine 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Galium odoratum.salad burnet 6. 14. English'.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.

13. making the beds larger and the paths wider.Petroselinum crispum. sweet marjoram 3.Allium schoenoprasum. 9. Even in limited space.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer savory 11. A. still observing a scale. Origanum majorana.L.Mentha spicata. English thyme Greek oregano 4. dill 2. parsley 5. however. lovage 15.Salvia officinalis. lemon thyme 10.Poterium sanguisorba. Origanum heracleoticum. however. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. 7. The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 8.S.Satureja hortensis.Levisticum officinale. Then the design might need to be expanded.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Taxus cuspidata.A. 1. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. salad burnet 14. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus × citriodorus. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. The garden is conveniently located. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Chionanthus virginicus. . sativa. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. spearmint 16. and the plan could be used at a front door. Japanese yew 17.

6. sweet basil chive 12.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .

The number in each planting area is the key number. summer 21. 32. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. 18. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Convallaria majalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. 9. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Allium ampeloprasum. 8. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Monarda didyma. lavender marjoram 2. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. lemon thyme 28.Polemonium reptans.Pulmonaria officinalis. wild ginger 27.Humulus lupulus. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. 25.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Polystichum acrostichoides. bee balm 14. Dictamnus albus. garden sage 17.L. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 1.Stachys byzantina. sweet violet 16. hop sativa.Teucrium chamaedrys. 33. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. This is an intimate garden. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. fennel 19. the challenge is obvious. Landscape Architect.S. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. salad 20.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. cinnamon fern 4.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Jacob's-ladder 3. 30. yellow 29.Digitalis grandiflora. 13. blue lungwort 26. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Christmas fern 5. The long. fraxinella 15.Asarum canadense.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Primula vulgaris. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 7.A. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving.Thymus × citriodorus.Osmunda cinnamomea. 6. 31. A.Origanum majorana. Viola odorata. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.

Galium odoratum.lilac 10.Satureja montana. yellow bedstraw 23. French'.Korean box 11.Tsuga canadensis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. Canada hemlock Standard'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.savory germander Willmott'.Petroselinum crispum var. French thyme woodruff koreana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Sorbus americana. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Buxus microphylla var.Galium verum. winter savory 24. crispum. 35. sweet 34.

Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. it became part of the patio. Surprisingly. devoted to a "yearly surprise. 19. Even so.Petroselinum crispum var. One of the beds. dill 10. Italian parsley .Salvia officinalis. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. lemon verbena 2. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. To be placed near the kitchen. 1. this design can be an inspiration. garden sage 20. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden.Aloysia triphylla. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. geometric design.Origanum heracleoticum.Rumex scutatus. It is a pleasing." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. neapolitanum.

French tarragon 5.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. chervil marjoram 21. lemon basil 9.Myrrhis odorata.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. crispum.Borago officinalis. basil sativa. lemon balm cicely 6. borage 'Purpurascens'.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. curly parsley 22.3. garlic chive 26. 16.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet 14.Petroselinum crispum var. sweet 18. chive 25.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 13. purple basil 4. English thyme bush basil 8.Melissa officinalis.Satureja hortensis. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Poterium sanguisorba. winter savory 24.Anthriscus cerefolium.17. summer savory 23.Ocimum basilicum 12. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. Alpine strawberry 7. salad 15.Ocimum basilicum.Allium tuberosum.

blue 22. it is full of interesting angles.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. D. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Myrrhis odorata. The center beds here were established in this way.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. Created in an orderly way. sweet 13. geometric design. purple basil 4. so. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. too.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. green santolina 12. gray . the work paths could be eliminated.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.C. scented-leaf geranium 2.Satureja montana. To increase the planting area.Rosmarinus officinalis. 19.Pelargonium in variety. lamb's-ears 20. it is an unusual. 1.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. winter 21.Galium odoratum. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Hyssopus officinalis. sweet cicely 23.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina virens. English thyme lemon thyme 11. rosemary 3. As a whole. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. 14. English lavender 10. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.

French thyme santolina 15.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. classic myrtle 9. clove pink 7. 25.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. American southernwood holly 17.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 16.Myrtus communis. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . camphor-scented wormwood 8.Ilex opaca. silver mound artemisia 18.Salvia officinalis. horehound24.Artemisia abrotanum.6.Dianthus caryophyllus.

purple basil 3.Melissa officinalis. which adds its impression of warmth. lemon balm 22. this herb garden is secluded. Its arrow points north and. Coix lacryma-jobi. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Hyssopus officinalis. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Satureja montana. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. rosemary 15.Calendula officinalis. French tarragon 14.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. casts the shadow for the hour. gray santolina 13. Sometimes space is limited. too.Borago officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. sweet woodruff 5. borage 23. Lavandula angustifolia. 1. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet basil 4. pot marigold 24.Rosmarinus officinalis. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. English lavender 6. Achillea millefolium. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. tansy 25.Artemisia absinthium. sativa. Job's tears 11. arcticus 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Galium odoratum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chamaemelum . Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. blue hyssop 2. This center of interest is of particular note. winter savory 16. absinthe 26. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. Ocimum basilicum. yarrow 12.

sweet 29. garden sage 19. marjoram pecan 10. Salvia elegans. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. Salvia officinalis.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. white creeping thyme nobile. pineapplescented sage 9.Symphytum officinale. variegated garden sage 8.Origanum vulgare. costmary 'Albus'. chamomile 17.Pelargonium in variety.7.Carya illinoinensis.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Syringa. chive 18. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . wild marjoram 28.Origanum majorana. scented-leaf 27. comfrey20.

parsley 17. 4.Pelargonium graveolens.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. French sorrel 21. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. 3. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 6. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. The more invasive ones. 7. garlic Levisticum officinale. 30. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. 36. 9.Ruta graveolens. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure.Artemisia dracunculus var.Marrubium vulgare. dill 20. lovage 22. lemon balm 35.Allium sativum.Teucrium chamaedrys. sweet cicely 37. rose geranium 2. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Melissa officinalis. hyssop Meyer lemon .Apium graveolens. 18. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. purple basil Zingiber officinale. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 5. 29. summer 32. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. Anthriscus cerefolium. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Origanum majorana. sativa. horehound 33.Galium odoratum. 8.Satureja hortensis. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Salvia officinalis. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium × limoneum.Ipomoea alba. rue 31. 1. blue 23. true ginger16. for example lemon balm and spearmint.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. sunken into the ground.Myrrhis odorata. 19. chervil 15. When controlled in this way. sweet 34.

Greek oregano 12.Origanum heracleoticum.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. bush basil 14. spearmint 27. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Mentha spicata. Japanese yew 39. dwarf nasturtium 13.Magnolia virginiana. French thyme 24.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Thymus × citriodorus.Aloysia triphylla.Tropaeolum minus.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. salad burnet 25.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil 38. English thyme 26. lemonthyme 28.10. lemon verbena 11.Poterium sanguisorba.

It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. whatever the reason. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. "Simplify. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. a quick way to ensure good drainage. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. but. simplify!. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. however. < previous page page_22 next page > ." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

arcticus.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. 18. parsley 2. spicebush absinthe French'.Monarda didyma.Melissa officinalis.Satureja hortensis.Mentha spicata. dill 13. lettuce 10.Ruta graveolens. tansy 11. sweet 17. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Origanum majorana.Mentha x piperita.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 25. 1. sweet 15. 26. 16. balm sativa. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Impatiens capensis. summer basil savory 7. 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. 14.Tanacetum vulgare.Allium fistulosum. aloe Grossum Group.Artemisia absinthium.Lindera benzoin. spearmint 21. French tarragon 5. bee balm 19.Lactuca sativa. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. peppermint 23. rue 20.Salvia officinalis. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Capsicum frutescens.Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage 3.Petroselinum crispum.Anethum graveolens.Hedeoma pulegioides. jewelweed24. bell pepper 6.Galium odoratum. lemon 22.Aloe barbadensis.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. A low wall of brick. Perovskia abrotanoides. germander 7. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house.Pelargonium in variety. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 8. Russian 13.Teucrium chamaedrys. faced and capped with random. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. too. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. encloses this plan.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. French thyme 2. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. horizontally laid bluestone. arcticus 14. . 1.

trumpet vine 16. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . lady's6. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Alchemilla vulgaris.Viburnum cassinoides.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis.Santolina neapolitana 4. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. lemon balm hyssop 12. crimson creeping thyme 9.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. witch hazel 18.angustifolia.-John'swort 17.Hyssopus officinalis. lemon thyme 10. white creeping thyme 5. St. lavender 3. Thymus × citriodorus.Campsis radicans. blue 11.Thymus praecox subsp.Hamamelis virginiana. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.

holly. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. However. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. It is. Although this is not a large garden. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. < previous page page_28 next page > . however. the shrubsyew. lilac. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. Germander is a proper edging here. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. box. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

12. lilac 45. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. rue 6.Teucrium chamaedrys.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. 9. fraxinella 33.Chamaemelum nobile. gray sage savory 14. Japanese holly 47. 32.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. Alchemilla vulgaris.Hyssopus officinalis. white creeping thyme 37. Marrubium vulgare.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. Japanese yew 44. arcticus 'Albus'.Iris cristata. florentina. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina pinnata 34. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. crimson creeping thyme 31. Viola odorata. columnal yew 43.Santolina virens. mantle chamomile 5. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Borago officinalis. classic myrtle 15. Myrrhis odorata.Satureja montana. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia frigida.Artemisia ludoviciana var. prostrate rosemary 13. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . blue horehound hyssop 3. white hyssop 4. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. 18. woolly thyme 7.Syringa patula.Thymus praecox subsp. 21. germander 36. fringed wormwood 16.20.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Anemone pulsatilla. sweet violet 19. santolina alpine pink 28. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Stachys byzantina.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. Mentha requienii. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Myrtus communis. sweet albula. green 27. sweet cicely17.Eloise & Jo Ray. clary 30. broom 40. Corsican 24. dwarf crested iris 39.Iris × germanica var. winter 29. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia leucophylla. Heliotropium arborescens.Ruta graveolens. 26.Artemisia camphorata.Salvia sclarea.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. red creeping thyme 10. lavender 22. orris 38. dwarf box 41. Simkins'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. cottage pink 2.Dictamnus albus. Thymus praecox subsp.Comptonia peregrina. lamb'sears 35. 23.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. lady's. dwarf privet 48. Japanese holly 42.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Cytisus supinus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. alpine strawberry 8.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.

while adding to the enclosure of the area. < previous page page_30 next page > . as is true here in the vegetable garden. a running bond pattern. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. an herb garden. and a vegetable garden. and one has an inset for a garden seat. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The direction a path takes can add interest. the center of interest for the herb garden. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. Other paths are brick. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. a cutting garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. This hedge. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge.

S.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.A. Landscape Architect.L. A. .

Santolina virens. blue 27. yellow 35.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. pale 28.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Stokesia laevis. Louise'.Allium christophii. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. blue hyssop 43. French thyme 7.Salvia sclarea.Satureja hortensis.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. germander 39. clary 46.Allium schoenoprasum.The number in each planting area is the key number. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 50.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. fraxinella 26. Rosmarinus officinalis.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. French tarragon 8. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. 32. plantain lily 2.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. dill wishbone flower 5. helenium 4. cottage pink French'. lemon thyme 40. Anethum graveolens 23. candytuft Standard'.Hyssopus officinalis. garden sage 56. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Origanum majorana. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Digitalis grandiflora.Stachys byzantina.Origanum heracleoticum.Aloysia triphylla. white 'Bouquet'. bush basil 41. 1. verbena rose chive 11. 37. Achillea taygetea.Pelargonium in variety. Aquilegia chrysantha. statice Solemacher'. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. starsMaxima'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. summer 34. alpine strawberry 3.Polystichum acrostichoides. Campanula persicifolia. 52. 55. purple basil Japanese holly 17. sweet 51. sweet marjoram 45. 22.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Helleborus niger.Ocimum basilicum 54.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. double white peony of-Persia 12.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Thymus × citriodorus. columbine dwarf marigold 6. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. 14.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. sativa.Ribes alpinum.Petroselinum crispum var.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. 53.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. lavender 18.Salvia officinalis. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. green santolina 42. lamb's-ears 49.Hemerocallis × luteola. Stokes' aster 31.Galium odoratum.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Magnolia virginiana.Teucrium chamaedrys. York-andLancaster rose 16. lemon 29. winter savory 44. Christmas 48. Dictamnus albus. yellow epimedium 15. 47.Satureja montana. yellow 24. blue iris 9.Lilium candidum. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Limonium latifolium.

The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. a retaining wall or walls are needed. as in this case. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. < previous page page_32 next page > . While serving as a soil retainer. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden.

Stachys byzantina. spearmint 41.R.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Solanum pseudocapsicum. F.Iris pseudacorus. 21. Landscape Architect.A. Monarda didyma.Viola odorata.Tanacetum vulgare var. Borago officinalis.Mentha spicata. crispum.Iris cristata. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. bee balm 24. lemon verbena 46. lady's43. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus × citriodorus. Ocimum basilicum. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.A. 1.45.Alchemilla vulgaris. 42. Melissa officinalis. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. English 44. . yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 23. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia. borage 26.Galium odoratum. lamb's25. lemon 22.

Origanum majorana. Ajuga reptans. Greek 53.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. polyantha rose 12.Allium cepa.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Salvia elegans. pennyroyal 54. garlic chive 48. wild 39.Petroselinum crispum var. orange mint 29.Allium tuberosum. garden sage 36.Quercus stellata. pink hawthorn 16. Egyptian onion 11. rosemary 9.Rosa × rehderana.Capsicum frutescens.Anethum graveolens. carpet bugleweed 8.Artemisia absinthium.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. curly parsley oak 17. citrata. rue 51. mullein chive 47.Verbascum thapsus. 56. 37.Allium ampeloprasum.Elaeagnus pungens. absinthe English thyme 27.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Mentha pulegium. clove 55.Satureja hortensis. sweet marjoram 28.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 35.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Cassia marilandica.Origanum heracleoticum.Nepeta cataria. 33.Salvia officinalis. horehound neapolitanum.Crataegus arkansana. curly mint 30. post crispum 'Banquet'. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Allium sativum.Mentha × piperita var. Porrum Group.7.Ruta graveolens. myrtle 58. savory sativa. Rosmarinus officinalis. Proliferum Group.Artemisia dracunculus var.Vinca minor. 52. flowering dogwood 15. dill 34. southernwood 31.Marrubium vulgare. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. 57.Petroselinum crispum var.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. tabasco senna pepper 20. summer 32. pineapple38. Poterium sanguisorba.Dianthus caryophyllus. salad burnet 10. catnip 50. 40. leek 49. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. French tarragon holly 13.Artemisia abrotanum.Cornus florida.

A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. sleep pillows. However. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. and vinegars. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. < previous page page_34 next page > .< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. mothproofing bags. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. Although this is a northeast exposure. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. but it is more than adequate for potpourri.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox. Landscape Architect .

blue hyssop 35.Allium cepa.Salvia officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Agastache foeniculum. pot 28. lavender 7.Tanacetum vulgare. lily leek 44.Ocimum basilicum 27. Poterium sanguisorba. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium fragrans. Proliferum Group. Egyptian onion 42. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Allium moly. orris 17.Rumex scutatus. Santolina chamaecyparissus. 'Monge'.Melissa officinalis. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. lemon 31. 1. 49.Mentha spicata. 19. southernwood 9. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . round-headed garlic 46. 24. chive 43. florentina. burnet lovage 6. bee balm 30. rue 26.Allium sphaerocephalum. lilac 32. 'President Poincare'. Roman 20.Aloysia triphylla. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Galium odoratum.Monarda didyma.Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium × limoneum. lemon 18. nutmeg geranium 39. anise hyssop 14.Thuja occidentalis. 50.Pelargonium tomentosum.Laurus nobilis. costmary 5. Petroselinum crispum var.Hemerocallis. crispum. dwarf savory garden sage 13. lemon verbena 36. Hallock'. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. Lactuca. Artemisia pontica. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. French tarragon 10.Alchemilla vulgaris.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. dwarf nasturtium 37.Iris × germanica var.Valeriana officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Allium pulchellum 47.Artemisia abrotanum.Allium sativum var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple basil sage 11.Pelargonium graveolens. bay 48. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. garden sage 2. salad 22.The number in each planting area is the key number. French gray santolina sorrel 8. sativa. tansy 16.Salvia oficinalis. Ruta graveolens. garden 'Purpurascens'. winter 29.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Allium schoenoprasum.Calendula officinalis. daylily in variety 41.Hyssopus officinalis .Salvia elegans. Thymus × citriodorus. balm valerian 15.Rosmarinus officinalis. peppermint geranium 40. 21.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. lettuce in variety 25.Tsuga canadensis.Satureja montana. 23.Tropaeolum minus.

The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Invasive. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. < previous page page_36 next page > . with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot. is the focus of the middle level. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity.

< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. salad burnet 23. white thrift 24. sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var.Foeniculum vulgare.Satureja hortensis. Digitalis purpurea. thyme 3. pineapple mint 22. 1.Salvia elegans. foxglove 4. valerian 5. Satureja montana 'Nana'. summer savory 43. dwarf winter savory 2. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. golden thyme . fennel 25. Valeriana officinalis.Armeria maritima.Marrubium vulgare.Monarda didyma. houseleek 45. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. horehound 46. pineapplescented sage 47.Sempervivum tectorum.Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 44. bee balm 26.

French thyme alpine strawberry 29. sweet 50. garden 42.Myrrhis odorata.Lilium candidum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Calendula officinalis.Symphytum officinale.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. blue hyssop 57. white 58.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. annual clary 51.Eranthis hyemalis. parthenium.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. pink 59.6.Agrimonia eupatoria. pot 35.Salvia viridis.Helleborus niger. 54.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Galium odoratum.Levisticum officinale. French'. absinthe 53. feverfew climbing rose 16.Ocimum basilicum. Dictamnus albus. sweet 37.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'.Echium vulgare.Sium sisarum. English 52.Chrysanthemum 36.Helleborus orientalis.Anemone pulsatilla.Allium schoenoprasum. yellow 41.Thymus praecox subsp. angelica Lenten rose 10. sweet basil sage 27. 38.Origanum majorana. 33. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Teucrium chamaedrys. Madonna cicely lily 12. Isatis tinctoria. sweet 32.Ruta graveolens. 39.Alchemilla vulgaris.Laurus nobilis. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lavender Christmas rose 11.Galium verum.Hyssopus officinalis. 61.Foeniculum vulgare. pink 62. China rose comfrey 19.Rosa chinensis. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. clary 48. white creeping thyme aconite 14. viper's 34.Lavandula angustifolia.Rosa eglanteria. skirret 60. rosemary 28. 40. dyer's woad 7. rue 31.Artemisia absinthium.Crocus sativus. dwarf edging box 21. arcticus 55. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . marigold chive 15. 30.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. germander 56.Salvia officinalis. Salvia sclarea. Angelica archangelica. fraxinella 8.

even though space is limited. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. and the shagbark hickory. Carya ovata. However. There is variety in this plan. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. < previous page page_38 next page > . the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden.

Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect .

lamb's. germander Agastache foeniculum. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. bee balm Melissa officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. sweet basil Satureja montana. green santolina Primula veris. Poterium sanguisorba. valerian Rosa damascena. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. stewardsonii. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. borage Petroselinum crispum. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. chive Ilex opaca. box Buxus sempervirens. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. box Carya ovata. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. sativa. red mint . lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. flax Buxus sempervirens. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. Canada Isatis tinctoria. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. Asarum canadense. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. Adiantum pedatum. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. citrata. angelica Mondarda didyma. Aloysia triphylla. box Ruta graveolens. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. Artemisia absinthium. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus.Arisaema triphyllum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis.Galium verum. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. rue Cornusflorida. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. French Galium odoratum. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Marrubium vulgare. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys.

Saponaria oficinalis. bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .

it is open on the side facing the house. unplanned look was desired. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. < previous page page_40 next page > . However. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. A singular statue of St. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A clump of birch here. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. An informal. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. is on a sandy knoll. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. this excavation. a dipping pool there. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. For this appearance. too.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Pulmonaria officinalis. 69.Mentha suaveolens. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. rose bergamot valerian 25. 1. woolly thyme 13. orange geranium 11. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Monarda didyma. 68.Levisticum officinale.Digitalis grandiflora. pennyroyal 46.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 52. red mint 48.Digitalis purpurea. 64. wild 43.Thymus herba-barona. creeping juniper 26. 30.Pelargonium denticulatum. gray scented sage santolina 4. 61.Pelargonium tomentosum.Althaea officinalis. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. Iris × germanica var.Monarda fistulosa.Armeria maritima. Artemisia dracunculusvar. winter savory 20. horehound mallow foxglove 16. apple mint 49.Myrrhis odorata.Origanum majorana. French'. pot 66.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon 35.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Allium favum lovage 22. 32.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia.Convallaria majalis. pineapple3.Mentha spicata. 76. sea onion angelica 24.Mentha pulegium.Betula papyrifera.Rosa 'Merry England'. Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 58.Origanum onites. lemon balm 44. peppermint 47. 74. 79.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. celandine cicely 18. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Origanum vulgare. sweet 71.Urginea maritima.Coriandrum sativum. garden sage lungwort 57. myrtle 14.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 65. 8. purple basil 9. 53. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. fern-leaf tansy 23. 70. bee balm .Ocimum basilicum.Nepeta cataria. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. mint 50. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. rose geranium 10.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Mentha × piperita.Chrysanthemum 80.Artemisia abrotanum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. golden 37.Vinca minor. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. 67. 'Prostratus'. spearmint 45.Salvia elegans.Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. thrift55.Pelargonium quercifolium. Johnny-jump-up54.Chelidonium majus.Glechoma hederacea.Tanacetum vulgare var. 34. white birch English lavender parthenium. 78. marsh 42.Viola tricolor. catnip 73.Marrubium vulgare. 75.Anthriscus cerefolium.Consolida orientalis. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. wild 51.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 77.Anethum graveolens. 36. Thymus × citriodorus. lamb's-ears parsley 19. feverfew 27.Hyssopus officinalis. Ruta graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Ajuga reptans.The number in each planting area is the key number. blue 2. 72.Teucrium canadense. 38.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.Achillea tomentosa.Satureja montana.Petroselinum crispum. orris chamaecyparissus.Stachys byzantina.Pelargonium crispum.Mentha × gentilis. 31. 33. Sempervivum tectorum.Santolina florentina. rue 29. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 60.Satureja hortensis. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Salvia officinalis. chive crispum. 59. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 63. 12.Melissa officinalis.Valeriana officinalis.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

< previous page page_42 next page > . there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. is used for the wall. Because of the edging box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. making it more a part of the herb garden.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. and the two small trees. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Foundation stone. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. the accents of the six large box. the same as the smokehouse construction. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden.

S.L.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A. Landscape Architect. A. .

English 'Minimum'. winter 42. fraxinella 17. Satureja hortensis. pineapple mint 18.The number in each planting area is the key number. orange mint 19.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. 21.Ocimum basilicum. sweet marjoram 2. lovage 46. Ocimum basilicum 24. balsamita.Levisticum officinale. Asarum europaeum. sweet cicely45. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Artemisia dracunculus var. blue angelica lungwort 20. Corsican 33.Lilium candidum.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 34. verbena English thyme 5. 40.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. European ginger 4.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. 27. fringed 43.Crocus.Artemisia frigida. spearmint 48. sweet 26. lemon basil 15. 44.Viola tricolor. dwarf edging box 14.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. species in variety crispum. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . crownbasil savory imperial 11. lady's. Origanum majorana.Alchemilla vulgaris. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Fritillaria imperialis. summer 25. rosemary 3.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Mentha × piperita.Ocimum basilicum 30.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Satureja montana. bee balm 29.38. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Allium giganteum. balm citrata.Mentha spicata. 1.Artemisia abrotanum.Tanacetum vulgare var. box 'Citriodorum'.Allium schoenoprasum. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Mentha requienii. 47.Ocimum basilicum 32.Myrrhis odorata.Chrysanthemum 28.Galium odoratum.Melissa officinalis.Pulmonaria officinalis.Buxus sempervirens. 41. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. Dictamnus albus. 35.Angelica archangelica.Crataegus laevigata.Aloysia triphylla. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 36. 22.Mentha × piperita var. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Prunus domestica. 39. Symphytum officinale.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. purple basil sativa. 31. 'Purpurascens'. white 23. Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 37.

Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. too. The dipping bowl. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Lowgrowing. the dwarf box edging. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Instead. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. although it is ample at four feet. two specimen shrubs. This hedge. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. pink of Dianthus.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. a soil retainer. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. This is true also of the stone curbing. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. < previous page page_44 next page > . arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season.

< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.L. A. . Landscape Architect.S.

Ocimum basilicum. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 17. Salvia officinalis.Levisticum officinale. verbena snowflake 19. Spanish bluebell 16. borage 31.57. lily. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. arcticus 30. 50. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. Madonna 63. golden thyme41.Myrica pensylvanica. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. sweet 55. 1. 51.Crocus tomasinianus. 52.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Narcissus asturiensis. black cohosh windflower 15.Pelargonium in variety. 61.Teucrium canadense. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. 46. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Crocus angustifolius.Cimicifuga racemosa.Convallaria majalis. lemon 33. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Digitalis grandiflora.Angelica archangelica.Thymus × citriodorus. 43.Thymus praecox subsp.Tulipa clusiana.Lilium candidum.Sternbergia lutea. thyme 29.Anemone blanda.Borago officinalis. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. 'Lanuginosus'. 40.Mentha × piperita. American 38.Pelargonium in variety.Dicentra spectabilis.Santolina virens. 56.Galium odoratum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. 44.Satureja montana. marjoram crocus 7. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Galanthus nivalis. gray 22. green santolina 37. winter savory 39. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Salvia sclarea. clary 32. 58. arcticus 34.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. lemon 60. spearmint 48. 2. white creeping thyme lovage 10. catmint 35. Stachys byzantina.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. Thymus doerfleri.Mentha spicata.Crocus kotschyanus. 36. Origanum majorana.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. angel's-tears 59. orange mint 8. Santolina chamaecyparissus. lamb's-ears 28.Heliotropium arborescens. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. Compactus'. sweet 47. caraway thyme albus.Crocus speciosus. Thymus praecox subsp.Narcissus triandrus var. 20. angustifolia 'Nana'.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Mentha × piperita var. 54.Helleborus lividus subsp. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Hamamelis virginiana. prostrate rosemary 18. tulip citrata.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. sweet 27.Allium christophii.The number in each planting area is the key number. 26. 45. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Leucojum aestivum.Thymus herba-barona. 49. rue25.Helleborus niger. 53. white 42.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Nepeta mussinii.Mertensia virginica. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Aloysia triphylla.

First. very livable and profoundly satisfying. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Second. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The results have been most satisfying. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. Morning sun warms it early.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden.

Tagetes 'Lulu'.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. The number in each planting area is the key number. Beauty'. 1. crocus 44. woolly thyme 3. wild celery 42. Artemisia absinthium 24. Landscape Architect. French tarragon 5. Porrum Group. tulip 45.Artemisia lactiflora.Apium graveolens.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. A. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. absinthe sativa. English thyme 43.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemon 21. Thymus praecox subsp.L.Salvia officinalis. 'Lambrook Silver'. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Allium neapolitanum. Origanum heracleoticum.Salvia sclarea. clary thyme 22. 26. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. leek 46.Crocus sieberi. .A. Ocimum basilicum. Thymus × citriodorus. marigold 41. 25.Allium ampeloprasum.S. garden sage 4.Tulipa tarda. sweet basil 23.

Stachys byzantina.Cornus florida. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. lovage 34. santolina 'Coronation Gold'.Artemisia camphorata.Dianthus × allwoodii.Ribes sativum. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. 56. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. Viola odorata.Dictamnus albus. catmint 53. curly parsley 20. 32.Crataegus phaenopyrum. 29.Achillea filipendula 60. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9. sweet 37. Robert verbena Brydon'.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. white evergreen azalea 16. alpine 28.Santolina virens.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. dwarf sweet alyssum 14. monkshood upright yew 17.Allium senescens var. American elderberry 15. lobelia Sherbert'.Petroselinum crispum var.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. fraxinella 36. weed chive 48.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Nepeta × faassenii.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Digitalis grandiflora.Allium schoenoprasum.Galium mollugo.Malus hupehensis.Ipomoea alba. American marjoram Yellow'.Tropaeolum minus.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. 54. lamb's-ears 52.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. pink 30. bee balm foxglove Choice'. 8. great 31. Lavandula angustifolia. green 40. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Hyssopus officinalis.Ilex opaca.Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . yellow 55. viola holly 18.Levisticum officinale. blue 38. dogwood 19. butterfly 47. 58.Origanum majorana.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. lemon 50. clematis 11.Aconitum napellus.Aloysia triphylla.Asclepias tuberosa.Lobelia siphilitica. pale 49.Clematis 'Mrs. 39. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.foxglove 7. red currant gray santolina 13.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . repeats again the octagonal form.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. even though the growing area is not extensive. The four herb beds. Well-drained as they are. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. an impression of Sol in it. are raised with bricks on edge. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A birdbath of copper. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

rue 35. dill 18.Thymus × citriodorus. silver mound artemisia 8. English thyme horehound 2. golden variegated garden sage 38.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Nepeta mussinii. French 26.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. Stachys byzantina.Salvia sclarea. 1. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. lemon 39. 28.Mentha spicata. 27. Galium odoratum. curly parsley 32.Allium tuberosum.Pelargonium denticulatum. sweet basil 22. purple basil 24. white creeping thyme 12.Thymus praecox subsp. catmint 6. curly mint 3.Mentha × piperita.Pelargonium crispum.Ocimum basilicum. peppermint 4.Aloysia triphylla.Heliotropium arborescens.Joan E. clove pink 10. 29. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. rosemary 33.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . orange santolina geranium 11. purple variegated garden sage 36. variegated garden sage 37. 16. heliotrope 31. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Lavandula dentata. 43. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Poterium sanguisorba. Anethum graveolens. bush basil 23. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Lavandula angustifolia. lavender 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. clary 21. lemon 30. spearmint southernwood 5.Allium schoenoprasum. French tarragon 7. Artemisia absinthium. 42. Artemisia dracunculus var.Ruta graveolens. sativa. Semple. lemon 41.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium tomentosum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina 25. angustifolia.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium graveolens. crispum. prostrate rosemary 34. sweet woodruff 9. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Petroselinum crispum var. Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia officinalis. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. absinthe 20. lavender pine geranium chive 13. lamb's-ears 17. 19. thyme salad burnet 40.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.

This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. a toolhouse. too. A birdbath may replace the pool. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. if neither is available. lemon verbena. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. < previous page page_52 next page > . There are a number of plants suitable for such use. and lantana are a few. rose geranium. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. A suitable fence.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

geranium 16. woolly thyme 15.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. sweet santolina marjoram 6. Thymus praecox subsp.Tanacetum vulgare var. 1. 13. arcticus 'Albus'. green 12.Thymus praecox subsp.L.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosmarinus officinalis. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . The number in each planting area is the key number. A. gray santolina chamomile 14.A.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. bush basil 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Chamaemelum nobile. white creeping thyme 2. 7. Landscape Architect. fern-leaf tansy 8. lemon thyme 20. absinthe 'Minimum'. zonal geranium 18. lemon 10.Pelargonium frutetorum.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. verbena ambrosia 4. crispum. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.S. lavender 3.Origanum majorana.Santolina virens. heliotrope 21. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. 9.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosescented geranium 17.Thymus × citriodorus.Chenopodium botrys.Artemisia absinthium 11. zonal geranium 19.

At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. but the design itself has endured forty years. Box and holly enclose it all. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. Angelica. mints. a sundial. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. apothecary's rose. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. These can easily obliterate a design. the design is clearly traced. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. a deep mauve to others.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. As the snows melt. box. The dwarf box frames the focal point. artemisias. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. Hyssop hedges define the circles.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

nasturtium 28. florentina. weld 54. wild 52.Pyrus communis. 'Albus'. Dianthus caryophyllus. germander 43. Origanum majorana.Helleborus niger. masterwort 69.Iris × germanica var. southernwood 2. Chamaemelum nobile. bush basil nettle orpine 4. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. bronze 64. dyer's woad 9.Lavandula dentata.Helleborus orientalis.Perillafrutescens.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. 59. 56.30. Tropaeolum majus. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.47.Sempervivum tectorum. green santolina 24.Allium schoenoprasum. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Myrrhis odorata. Pelargonium in variety.Armeria maritima. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Astrantia major.Monarda fistulosa. white creeping thyme French'.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Paeonia officinalis.Sedum telephium. lamb's-ears 33.Galium odoratum.63. leaf geranium French lavender 8. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. white dead 49. clove pink 29.Alchemilla alpina.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Graham. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Arisaema dracontium.Thymus praecox subsp.Symphytum officinale. rue 23.Asclepias tuberosa.Sium sisarum. crimson creeping thyme 18.Melissa officinalis.Origanum onites.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Santolina virens. lilac 70. chamomile 31. arcticus 38.Syringa.Tanacetum vulgare var. yew Beauty'. scented. 48.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 40. 1. Canadian burnet 13. fern-leaf tansy 5. sweet woodruff45.Lilium candidum.Teucrium chamaedrys. gray 37.Isatis tinctoria. butterfly weed35. Satureja montana.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Alchemilla vulgaris. orris 57. valerian 6.Thymus praecox subsp. orris box 22. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . blue 50. 55.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Asarum europaeum.Foeniculum vulgare. feverfew 14.Artemisia camphorata. marjoram lungwort crispum. lady's-mantle 46. daffodil 17. arcticus 39. Rosmarinus officinalis. garden sage Christmas rose 10. 62. alpine 60. perilla 51. piney 44. 67. thrift 41.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina neapolitana 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. blue hyssop 42.Stachys byzantina.Taxus. absinthe 34. houseleek Lenten rose 11.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. rosemary 25.James D. dwarf edging box 21.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Reseda luteola.Pulmonaria officinalis.Valeriana officinalis. French thyme Madonna lily 16. skirret 53.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet 27. 58. grape fennel 19. apothecary's rose lavender 20. winter savory 32.Vitis.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia absinthium.Lamium album. green. 26. 65. white 66.

The brick edging around each bed is a help. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. include this one. In addition to the brick edging around each. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. rising from the courtyard. Rosa 'Albertine'. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. pink. However.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. They are small specialty beds. The large. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. At the top of the steps. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. If there is room for only one rambler rose. with buds of red. < previous page page_56 next page > . even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them.

borage angustifolia 'Munstead'. angelica 20.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon balm 42. tansy Bois'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. Angelica archangelica.Satureja montana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. winter savory 41. English thyme .Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Rheum rhabarbarum. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. alpine strawberry 3. Carum carvi. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21.Thymus × citriodorus.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. caraway 24. 1. garden sage 40. foxglove 39.Tanacetum vulgare. 23.Melissa officinalis. subsp. 22. lavender 4.Borago officinalis. rhubarb 2. Lavandula angustifolia. bush basil 43.

centifolia 'Cristata'. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. Thymus 'Argenteus'.R.Salvia elegans. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. blue hyssop 25. bourbon rose 10. Pelargonium graveolens. French 33.R.R.'Baronne Prevost'. 56. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. 36. geranium in 30. muscosa 15. clove pink Mammoth'. lemon 51. silver 27.6. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Dianthus Victoria'.Mentha × piperita var.Calendula officinalis. cheddar pink 53.R. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Chrysanthemum 46.Laurus nobilis. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.R.Marrubium vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum. 54.R.R.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Petroselinum crispum var. musk rose 12.Artemisia dracunculus 44.Lavandula dentata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.sativa. centifolia var. citrata. Irish-lace 48. 31. centifolia.Tagetes filifolia. thyme frutescens. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Teucrium chamaedrys. 49.'Albertine'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Satureja hortensis. 45.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'. Consolida ambigua. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Hyssopus officinalis. 35.Aloysia triphylla. curly parsley 26. Mexican tea 18. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.R. var. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. salad 7.Chrysanthemum. pot 50. 29.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. prostrate rosemary 16. marguerite chive 9.Poterium sanguisorba. sweet 37.Pelargonium. rose 28.Origanum majorana.Chenopodium 55.Chrysanthemum balsamita. French'.Anethum graveolens 47.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. pineapple34.

Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Laid in an unusual pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. It is near the house. as it should be. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. Balance is augmented. < previous page page_58 next page > . too.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Origanum majorana. The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum. sweet basil 14.Anethum graveolens. rosemary yellow viola 10. heliotrope 3. Rosmarinus officinalis. 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Salvia officinalis.Myosotis sylvatica.Poterium sanguisorba.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 17. dwarf edging box 8. 23.Satureja hortensis. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. blue hyssop 13. santolina moss rose 7. chive lemon verbena 6.S. dill 9.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'. Landscape Architect.Heliotropium arborescens.Hyssopus officinalis. 1. 19. English thyme signet marigold 11.Thymus praecox subsp.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. lavender 2. arcticus 'Albus'. English'. green 22.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.L. 16. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. 21.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white creeping thyme 4.Santolina virens. gray 15. 20.Allium schoenoprasum.A. double white peony 5.Lucile Teeter Kissack. A. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Aloysia triphylla.

The grape vines. and a comfortable. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. too. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. winter pruned. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. the fence with roses. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. < previous page page_60 next page > . Herbs. potted lemon verbena. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. and the grape arbor.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. Galium odoratum. Iris cristata. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . 3. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Aloysia triphylla. lovage Myrrhis odorata. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. sweet climbing rose. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Nepeta mussinii. marsh climbing rose. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Teucrium chamaedrys. conical yew rosemary 1.Connecticut Vera Breed. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. lemon Linum perenne. BED II germander BED IV 2. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Stachys byzantina. Althaea officinalis. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. purple variegated garden sage 4. three. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Valeriana officinalis. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'.

catmint 5. lemon thyme 9. Thymus × citriodorus. beach Marrubium vulgare. lemon Anemone hybrida. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Chamaemelum nobile. houseleek in variety 7. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. plume Baptisia australis. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Nepeta tuberosa subsp. lavender 10. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. Sempervivum. fairy rose Giant'. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. creeping thyme in variety 8. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Delphinium × belladonna. Thymus. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. tuberosa 6.

an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. magnolia. if desired. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. Herbs. blue green. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. Another angle could be tried with these. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. grew too large. silver. Either it flourished too well.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. and bright green in the herb beds. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. this was replaced with ''edging" box. its detail is shown below. Ivy. planted in bands across these beds. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. holly. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. tend to broaden the width of the garden. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. myrtle. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. Later.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Artemisia ludoviciana var.Rumex scutatus.Thymus doerfleri. borage 26.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Ocimum basilicum 22.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'.Magnolia grandiflora. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > . 6. sweet 34.Chamaemelum nobile. lime geranium 4. myrtle 47.Thymus praecox subsp. dwarf 21. arcticus 'Albus'. 1. Ocimum basilicum 24.Mentha suaveolens.Pelargonium fragrans. thyme 38.Buxus sempervirens 14.Melissa officinalis.Myrica pensylvanica. horehound germander 17.Pelargonium graveolens. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. silver-king artemisia 23. lamb's. white creeping thyme 41. 25.Mentha spicata. spearmint 42. lemon 46.Marrubium vulgare. Ruta graveolens. winter 'Purpurascens'. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. gray santolina 15. Tropaeolum minus.Levisticum officinale. thyme 37.19. lovage 48.Thymus 'Argenteus'. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. purple basil savory 35. rue 20.Artemisia dracunculus var.Artemisia abrotanum. bee balm30. English thyme chamomile 2.Thymus carnosus. purple garden sage 7. 44. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. French 27. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Tanacetum vulgare.Galium odoratum. English ivy burnet 10. 49. salad 43. dwarf edging box 11. Stachys byzantina.Teucrium chamaedrys.Laurus nobilis.Origanum majorana. English'. lemon 29. 33. caraway thyme 40.Thymus herba-barona.Monarda didyma. sweet woodruff 36.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Vinca minor. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Thymus × citriodorus. 'Minimum'.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. woolly thyme 8. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Ilex opaca. bush basil albula.Hedera helix. Borago officinalis. ears rose geranium 3. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Pelargonium × nervosum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia. box chamaecyparissus.Poterium sanguisorba. French thyme 39. 28. American holly 31. bay rosemary 12. tansy 45.Satureja montana. bayberry balm thyme 13.

Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. brick. Laurus nobilis. It is a large garden. potted shrubs. < previous page page_64 next page > . It is located for the best viewing. maypoles. standards. The use of flagstone. too. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. There is variety in the walks. and treessome of which are espaliered. The four potted bay. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. too. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. adding to the space for walking. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. accent this prime focal point even more.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.

acerifolium.Nigella damascena.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. wild 28. love-in. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.odoratissimum.53. 51. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. musty oakscented geranium 5. lemon 29.Chenopodium botrys.P. Satureja montana. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Viola tricolor. 1. 26. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.quercifolium.P. Johnny-jump. pot 52. Thymus × citriodorus. apple English thyme up geranium 3.50. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . 49.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis.P. fragrans.P. winter 27.P. 25. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.

Chamaemelum nobile. pheasant's.Allium schoenoprasum. tomentosum. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. lemon-rose geranium 22.6.Fragaria vesca. bee balm 63.Thymus serpyllum.P. arcticus43. 62. parsley 35. lemon balm 45. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. 61. lemon southernwood geranium 34. golden lemon thyme 7. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Melissa officinalis. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Myrtus communis.Salvia caerulea. crowfoot 70. lemon 47. lemon geranium 33.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. cherry tomato chive 17. graveolens. orange geranium 23. 58. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Marrubium vulgare. blue hyssop 10. Rosmarinus officinalis.Malus. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Livingston'. bay 20. strawberry 48. forsythia 'Albus'. fern-leaf 60. silver mound geranium artemisia 12.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Mentha pulegium.Poncirus trifoliata.Levisticum officinale. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. rose geranium66. sweet flag 16. wild thyme 31.Mentha.Monarda didyma. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Tanacetum vulgare var. peppermint 67.Malus angustifolia.P.Origanum majorana.Thymus praecox subsp. crispum 'Minor'. 41.P.Salvia officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. garden sage 54.P. salad 42.Acorus calamus. bronze 38.Forsythia.P.Artemisia abrotanum. dill 36. lemon 65.Artemisia dracunculus var.Petroselinum crispum. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. lettuce 39.P.Aloysia triphylla. French tarragon Rose'.P. lime geranium 55. sweet 37.P. pine crispum. denticulatum 11.72. rosemary 9. Hyssopus officinalis.Achilleafilipendula. radens. box 19. camphor-scented geranium 69.P. horehound 46.P. crispum. 57. lemon geranium 56. radens 'Dr.Origanum dictamnus.× nervosum.Viola odorata. denticulatum. English lavender 32. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Laurus nobilis.Foeniculum vulgare. classic 21. glutinosum.P. chamomile 8.Anethum graveolens. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Allium senescens var.P.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.P. 44. lettuce 40. 64. 71.Lavandula angustifolia. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.Pelargonium crispum.

The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. too. In keeping with this feeling. and Allium karataviense. green santolina. < previous page page_66 next page > . Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. The result is one of sculptured elegance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. This is a large garden by any standard. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Baker. wormwood fennel 2. gray 10. 15. green santolina 14.Satureja montana. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. apple mint 13.Florence B. Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Foeniculum vulgare. 8.Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus. fringed 7.Salvia officinalis.Allium sativa.Thymus × citriodorus. winter savory 9. lemon 11.Allium moly. French tarragon schoenoprasum. blue hyssop 16.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. big blue lilyturf 12. dwarf garden 17. Artemisia dracunculus var.Liriope muscari. Mentha suaveolens. chive 4. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Allium christophii. garden sage 18. 1.Artemisia frigida.Levisticum officinale.Hyssopus officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

and the front porch of the house. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. for the box after new spring growth. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the circle.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. < previous page page_70 next page > . Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the square. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Many herb gardens could provide this. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. the upper deck. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.The number in each planting area is the key number.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Satureja montana.Cupressus sempervirens. winter savory 4.Chamaemelum nobile. viola 3.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. 1. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . Italian cypress 9. lavender 5. dwarf edging box 7. chamomile 2. lemon 8. dwarf myrtle 6.Cedrus deodara.

and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Paths are gravel. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed.. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. as it was with this plan. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Roses. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Coin with Tudor rose design. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. from Peter Coats.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

wild thyme 5. rosemary 16. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. Thymus serpyllum. earth 24.Carum carvi. parsley 29. rue 33. spearmint 30.Primula vulgaris. salad burnet 10. Madonna 23. chamomile 4. sweet violet 6. 19. Origanum majorana.Satureja montana.Viola tricolor. lemon balm 31.Poterium sanguisorba. classic myrtle 18.Bellis perennis. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . Hyssopus officinalis. caraway 35.Buxus sempervirens. blue hyssop 2.Calendula officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Iris pseudacorus. absinthe peppermint 8. lettuce 28.Rosmarinus officinalis. 1.Anemone pulsatilla. winter 32.Aconitum napellus.Viola odorata. saffron lily crocus 12. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Lavandula angustifolia. sweet marjoram 3.Melissa officinalis. clove20.Primula elatior. Chamaemelum nobile.Myrtus communis. 34. mallow 13. pot marigold 15.Ruta graveolens. Eryngium maritimum. English daisy 36.Fragaria vesca. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. fennel 21. oxlip 17.Mentha × piperita.Lactuca sativa. Dianthus caryophyllus. monkshood27.Fumaria officinalis. Foeniculum vulgare.Petroselinum crispum. 22. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Mentha spicata. 25.Crithmum maritimum.Crocus sativus. Malva sylvestris. yellow flag 26.Lilium candidum.

Selected for this reason. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. but Always Love. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. most of the blooms are nightscented. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. its tufted. along with a measure of fragrance. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. plumed. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. white blooms and woolly. silver mound. white. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. spurred. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > ." Concrete blocks. However.

'Albus'.19. silver 16.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. Stachys byzantina. silver mound artemisia 3.Galanthus nivalis. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. 1. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Lilium candidum.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. pink 15. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. Rosmarinus officinalis 18.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.Dictamnus albus.Galium odoratum. lamb's.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Dianthus 'White Lace'.Marrubiam vulgare. horehound 2. sweet 31. white . white 32. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. 17. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Thymus 'Argenteus'. petunia 30.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.

Lavandula angustifolia subsp. white stock absinthe 10. white 27.Artemisia ludoviciana.Convallaria majalis. orris 8. needle florentina. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. white 22. Yucca filamentosa.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Lunaria annua.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. 26. 23. moonflower 39.Matthiola incana. Artemisia lactiflora. dame's honesty rocket 14. Artemisia absinthium. lavender 12. clary 24. sweet violet 20. tulip 38.Salvia sclarea. tulip 37.Iris × germanica var.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Artemisia stellerana. Adam's.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Hesperis matronalis.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Polianthes tuberosa. daffodil 35.Rosa 'Cinderella'. albula. Viola odorata. western mugwort 7.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Ipomoea alba. 28.Chrysanthemum parthenium. rose 41. lily-ofthe-valley 11. 25.21. tuberose 36. rose 40.6. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. beach mugwort wormwood 9. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .

Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. Many of these herbs lack the hues. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. related to an old mill reconstruction. Rather. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. too.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. required their use as an educational adjunct. < previous page page_76 next page > . textures. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

Rhus typhina.Allium cepa.. dyer's broom safflower 6. 34.Tagetes patula.Solidago species.46. blueberry 13. Agave fourcroydes.Hypericum perforatum. Sansevieria trifasciata.51.Indigofera tinctoria. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. Boehmeria nivea. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. 48. Scotch broom hemp 7. 53.Pteridium aquilinum. French 33.Convallaria majalis. sweet 49. 35. goldthread 41.38.Galium verum. privet marigold 15.Viburnum acerifolium.Genista tinctoria. peach bracken sorrel 19. African 45. garden 56. 37. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Monarda didyma. henequen marigold bearberry 8. golden 40.Urtica dioica.Coreopsis tinctoria.Mahonia aquifolium. Linum usitatissimum. sumac poke 17. yellow 55. 29.Dipsacus sativus. saffron crocus marguerite 3. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Morus rubra or alba.Ligustrum vulgare. 47.Parmelia conspersa. 20.Prunus persica.Rumex obtusifolius.Coptis trifolia.Filipendula ulmaria. 39.Anchusa officinalis. woad Susan laevifolium.Rumex acetosa. 26.Cotinus coggygria. queen.Sanguinaria canadensis. weld 57.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 32. onion China jute 4.Furcraea hexapetala. black-eyed 50.Agrimonia eupatoria. Hibiscus cannabinus.Rudbeckia hirta. 23.Berberis vulgaris. fuller's 30. lily.Hydrastis canadensis. madder 54.Chelidonium majus. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Reseda luteola. stinging nettle44.Cladrastis lutea.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Genista germanica. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Carthamus tinctorius. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . 22. ramie 24. Gossypium hirsutum. bee 36. Musa textilis. sisal 27. flax 21.Isatis tinctoria.Anthemis tinctoria. broad 42. 43.Galium odoratum.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. dyer's 31. St. alkanet 52. 1. Agave sisalana.Cytisus scoparius.Polygonum hydropiperoides. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. Manila 25. 28.Crocus sativus.Tagetes erecta.Rubia tinctorum.Phytolacca americana. Abutilon theophrasti.

Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. < previous page page_78 next page > . Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. as well as the roses. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. A totally appealing edging. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Elsewhere. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'Marie Pavic' 8. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Legras de St. 'Belle Amour' 6. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Queen of the Prairies'. 1. cl. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. rambler 20. cl. 'Mme. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'White Rose of York' 3. 23. 'Seven Sisters'. cl.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. rambler 19. 'Mignonette' 5. cl. 18. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. cl. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 25. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. 24. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Empress Josephine' 7. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. 22. 'Sombreuil'. 'American Pillar'. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2.

This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. Circles and angles provide interest.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. < previous page page_80 next page > . is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. The notch of four square feet. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

(Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.C. pear Purple Vienna'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. chive 42. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. 28. 26.B.S. annuum 'Golden Bell'. lycopersicum var. annuum 'Fips'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. 40. graveolens 'French Dinant'.B.L.B. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. ruby swiss chard var.C. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. curly eggplant parsley 23.A.C. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.B.C. C. 22.esculentum 'Long Black'.annuum 'Floral Gem'. annuum 'Teno'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. oleracea 'Green Parade'.Cichorium intybus. annuum 'Variegata'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. oleracea 'Red Acre'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . 25. C.B. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. kohlrabi Rock'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. annuum 'Red Boy'.Apium graveolens var. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'.A.B. shallot Lakes'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. annuum 'Nosegay'. annuum 'Pinocchio'. dulce 47.Solanum melongena var. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. schoenoprasum. garlic chive 44. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. celery I 31. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. C. dulce 50. red 38.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. crispum 'Banquet'. annuum 'Mosaic'. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. cepa Proliferum Group.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. 27. 45. 29. leek 5. 30. white-flowered kale 49. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.A. 24. sprouts celery 8. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. red 37.sativa 'Ruby'. C. Boerner.B. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.A. C. 32. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. melongena 1. C. cherry tomato 34. oleracea 'Prima'.L. Beauty'.B. red-flowered kale 6. C. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. tuberosum.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. dulce 'Utah 5270'. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.B. celery Group. celery Bed 9. graveolens var. annuum 'Black Prince'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.C. Capsicum annuum var. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. giant garlic var.B. 39.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.A. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.A. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. Petroselinum crispum var.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.B. eggplant 43.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.C.A. graveolens var.A. scorodoprasum.S.A. 48. graveolens var. melongena 2.

The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. and golden thyme. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. for each is a complete entity.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. arcs. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. All of the circles. When viewed from the terrace above. winter savory. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

P. apricot geranium28.P. golden 11.P. oak-leaved geranium 16.P. radens 'Dr.P. gooseberry geranium 24.P. Assoc. grossularioides. orange geranium 8. 17. Santolina virens. winter 13. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. rose geranium 27. Thymus 'Clear Gold'.P.P.S. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. inkberry geranium 9. green 14.P. Teucrium chamaedrys. P. P. Livingston'.P. lemon geranium 22. The number in each planting area is the key number. acerifolium. rose-scented geranium 4. × domesticum 6. maple-leaved 18. Santolina chamaecyparissus. peppermint 26.P. 12. odoratissimum. crispum. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. germander crowfoot geranium 21. tomentosum.' lemon geranium 23.P. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . 29.Ilex glabra.L. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. × nervosum 'Torento'. graveolens. 15. 19.P. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P.Melissa R.P. P. scabrum.× nervosum.Myrica pensylvanica. pungent-scented geranium 25.A.P.P. A.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. crispum 'French Lace. Satureja montana. Landscape Architect. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.. lime geranium Rose'. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P. 1. Marshall. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.

It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. was planted using edging box only. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. . texture. For the knot to look its best at all times.Lavandula angustifolia. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. such as a dwarf edging box. which is framed with a brick edging. or marble chips. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. sand. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. Maintenance is high for a knot. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. To ease the care for a more complicated design. filled with plants that have contrasting color." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. 1. on page 37. especially when it is blooming.Hyssopus officinalis.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive.Santolina virens. English lavender 2. blue hyssop 3. and growth to the plants of the knot design. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. Its interspaces can be mulched. closed knot design.

dwarf edging box 4.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina virens.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina 3. 1. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. green santolina 2. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .

rosemary creeping thyme 2.S. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot.T. In another departure from the usual. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. The knot material is maintained at six inches. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. purple variegated 11. lavender Japanese barberry 5. 8.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. 1. herba-barona. 'Munstead'. variegated garden sage .officinalis 'Tricolor'. Teucrium chamaedrys. which is found more often out in the open.T. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. the height of the edging. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Some maintenance is required for clipping. caraway thyme 9. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. which are confined to that area.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. white 7. fig 4. praecox subsp. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. arcticus 'Albus'. creeping thymes. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

lavender . American germander 3. gray santolina 2.Teucrium canadense.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. germander . Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.

2. gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.

The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. which are also laid on edge. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. pleasing color. again laid on edge. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. adding another facet to an appealing design. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. each one a quarter-circle. < previous page page_88 next page > .

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

angustifolia 'Rosea'. curry plant 7.Santolina neapolitana 10.Marrubium incanum. 16. golden marguerite 25. blue sage 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia frigida. silver thyme 6. woolly yarrow 23. silver sage 15.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fern-leaf yarrow 27. Russian sage 24.Helichrysum angustifolium.Crithmum maritimum.Allium senescens var. lavender 8.Stachys byzantina. silver horehound 19.Lavandula dentata var. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. French lavender 3.Salvia clevelandii. lavender 9.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Artemisia arborescens.Anthemis tinctoria. candicans. dwarf gray santolina 20.Teucrium fruticans. 1.Dianthus × caryophyllus. tree germander 22. samphire14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 17.Salvia argentea.Leontopodium alpinum. grenadin pink chamomile 4. lavender 5. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. glaucum 11.Anthemis marschalliana.Perovskia atriplicifolia. 18. rue 21.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. tree artemisia 26.Thymus 'Argenteus'. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . dwarf 12.The number in each planting area is the key number.

If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. The color of the container plays a lesser role. which include hanging baskets. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. If one is familiar with herbs. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. lady's-mantle.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. thyme. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. < previous page page_90 next page > . sweet marjoram. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. are without number. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. basil. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. oregano. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. As with other plant material. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Styles of containers. and the savories. Some are rosemary. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones.

< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. as with this container herb garden.

< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline. < previous page page_92 next page > .

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

If children's interest is not sustained.L. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.A. Of course supervision is necessary. A. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. such an outlay would be unwarranted. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. However. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. LandscapeArchitect.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. < previous page page_95 next page > .

they are easily handpicked. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Instead of benches on the patio. A sundial can be fun and also educational. These are ''old roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. < previous page page_96 next page > . too. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers." selected for their greater fragrance. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. Children in this age group can help with the construction. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. Just keep a garden design for children simple.

.A.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.S. A.L. Landscape Architect.

ambrosia 2. borage 15. neapolitanum. love-in-a-mist 14.Hedeoma pulegioides. Nigella damascena. horehound 26.Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'.Artemisia abrotanum. clary 25.Isatis tinctoria. glaucum 31. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. summer savory 22. southernwood 5.Tropaeolum minus. pot marigold 8. lily leek 30.Nepeta cataria. American 21. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Satureja hortensis. alpine strawberry 3. Borago officinalis.Anethum graveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number. Petroselinum crispum var. dwarf 6. cottage pink 18. 20. garlic chive 29.Allium moly. 19.rocambole 28.Rosa damascena. Italian parsley 23.Allium sativum var.Artemisia camphorata.Chenopodium botrys. dill pennyroyal 11. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garden sage 24.Salvia sclarea. English lavender 4. catnip 27. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . damask rose 32. lovage 12.Allium senescens var. 13. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. ophioscorodon. Dianthus plumarius.Allium tuberosum. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Origanum majorana. 16.Petroselinum crispum var. English lavender 7.Salvia officinalis. Levisticum officinale. 1.Marrubium vulgare.Calendula officinalis. crispum. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Rosa gallica.

from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. All are inviting to the touch. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. are a seal and a turtle. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. < previous page page_98 next page > .< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The sculptures. previously used as a skating rink. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. not noted on the plan. The oval.

A.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.R. F. .A. Landscape Architect.

tansy Monarda didyma. duckweed Antennaria. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. mint Galium odoratum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. winter savory Mentha. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. English Tussilago farfara. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. Greek Stachys byzantina. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . pussy-toes Celosia cristata. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. bee orchid Erigeron. Foeniculum vulgare. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. coltsfoot Mimulus. fat-hen Primula veris. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. chive dandelion Allium sativum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. bee balm Satureja montana. fleabane Stellaria. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. mint Tagetes.Hedeoma pulegioides. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. cowslip Linaria. Nepeta cataria. dog violet Lemna. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. Allium schoenoprasum. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. borage Tanacetum vulgare. Trifolium pratense. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. chamomile Mentha. lousewort Viola canina. marigold Salvia officinalis. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus.

Its plant list. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Still. a mint. developed particularly for study. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. and old barn beams another about the same height. its wooden structure long gone. Instead. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. < previous page page_101 next page > . There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. for an old barn foundation of stone. Here. are superb for displaying potted herbs. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. an exceedingly long one. it is a most satisfying growing situation. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. Their height eases the task of weeding. feverfew. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. A number of wooden window frames. in a climate like this it can be of critical import.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

Plantago major.O.Lychnis coronaria. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. winter savory 88.T. majorana. balm horehound 14.Sium sisarum. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. silver thyme 105. viper's 65.Ocimum basilicum. 'Clear Gold'.T 'Argenteus'.M.Hypericum perforatum. rose sativa. sweet 53. marsh mallow 13.A.A. richardii subsp. bee balm lovage 20. golden marjoram 26.O. catmint 63.Acinos alpinus. 'Purpurascens'. beach 47.Chrysanthemum balsamita. wormwood germander 9.Pulmonaria officinalis. crimson creeping thyme 96. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Euphorbia cyparissias. 43.Digitalis purpurea. 42.P. arcticus 'Albus'. French tarragon geranium 7.T.S. pontica. purple variegated garden sage 85. woolly thyme 101. 45. bee balm57.Levisticum officinale. praecox subsp.Artemisia dracunculus var. plantain 80.Geranium robertianum.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pallasianus.Alchemilla vulgaris.A. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Calendula officinalis. 64.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. Roman 46. white creeping thyme 97.Stachys grandifora 93. absinthium.Rosmarinus officinalis.Echium vulgare. rosemary 82. onites. crispum. garden sage 84. apple wormwood geranium 8.Viola odorata.O.Ruta graveolens. mosquito plant 19. celandine madder 79.S.Althaea officinalis.Agastache cana. camphor. absinthe 51. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. stellerana.Rubia tinctorum. lesser 67. yarrow herb Robert 4.Ranunculus ficaria. 48.A. 54.O.Marrubium vulgare. calamint valerian 24.Viola tricolor. 50.Salvia officinalis. 62.T.P. pink 58. basil blue hyssop 15. sweet violet 40.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. nitidus.Physalis heterophylla.A. odorous thyme 104. graveolens.Agastache foeniculum.Asarum canadense. officinalis 'Purpurea'. sweet 41. southernwood ground cherry 10. 66.Poterium sanguisorba. golden lemon thyme 99. basilicum 56. St. alpine savory 89.P. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. didyma 'Rosea'. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Lavandula angustifolia. fern-leaf tansy 95. lemon thyme 100.T. × citriodorus. pot marigold 25. golden thyme 98.Chelidonium majus.Pelargonium crispum. Grecian 59. herba-barona.Satureja montana. 60. odoratissimum. lemon 52.Digitalis lanata. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. rose costmary campion 23.Myrrhis odorata.Calamintha grandiflora. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Nepeta mussinii. foxglove 2.Campanula rapunculus. 61.Veronica serpyllifolia. basilicum 'Citriodorum'.Monarda didyma. angelica lemon geranium 5. southernwood houseleek 12. praecox subsp. 44. camphorata.Genista tinctoria. betony 92. foxglove cypress spurge 21. officinalis 'Aurea'. pot marjoram bugloss 27. abrotanum.Teucrium chamaedrys. officinalis 'Tricolor'. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. rampion 81.49. basilicum 'Minimum'.Sempervivum tectorum. creeping veronica . 1.Hyssopus officinalis.Angelica archangelica. purple basil English lavender 18.O. thyme 102.Galium odoratum. dyer's woodruff broom 3. sweet cicely 94.Campanula persicifolia.Achillea millefolium.A.T.T. golden variegated garden sage 86. tomentosum.Valeriana officinalis. 55. variegated garden sage 87.-John'swort 91.Stachys officinalis.S. skirret 90.Tanacetum vulgare var. rue 83.T. caraway thyme 103.Aloysia triphylla.T. lemon verbena 106.

Sorbaria sorbifolia. moth 113. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. blattaria. chamomile 30.M.Lysimachia vulgaris. curry plant mullein 35. 76.Chrysanthemum parthenium. red mint comfrey 33. chervil 68.A.Chrysanthemum 78. garlic 111. apple mint 69. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. 114. tree onion 112.Mentha suaveolens.A. evening 77.Oenothera biennis.Origanum vulgare.29.Lilium candidum.M. pineapple mint 31. yucca 109. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Veronica officinalis.Chamaemelum nobile. Madonna lily leucanthemum.Myrtus communis. pin cherry 39.Prunus pensylvanica.Origanum dictamnus. dyer's woad 110.M.Chrysanthemum 74. feverfew cinerariifolium. ostrowskianum 34. orange mint 32.Atriplex hortensis. 73.Anthriscus cerefolium. citrata.Cichorium intybus. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Yucca filamentosa. orach115. Proliferum Group.V.Primula veris.Dianthus plumarius 75. cowslip 72.Helichrysum angustifolium. suaveolens 'Variegata'. wild 116.Allium sativum. chicory 70.Laurus nobilis. spearmint 107.Isatis tinctoria. spicata.cepa. 71. veronica 108. × piperita var.Verbascum thapsus.Symphytum officinale. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . × gentilis.M.

Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. A wheelshaped bed. its outline constructed of brick. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. < previous page page_104 next page > . This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. of good proportion for the size of the opening. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. not just hiding it. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. but not obvious. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Francis. A statue of St.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. Sidney Ephedra viridis. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. AREA VI japonica. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. Eriobotrya japonica. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. menthifolia. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. only those not found on other lists are noted here. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. labdanum Cistus crispus.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. loquat Cichorium intybus. poet's Solidago californica. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Cestrum nocturnum. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. white Justicia carnea. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. cat Watsonia rosea. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . oregano Anemone hupehensis var. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. AREA IV Ixia maculata. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. potato Brassica eruca. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. Eleocharis dulcis. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. lion's-ear prismaticum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Vetiveria zizanioides.

Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. The exterior brick path. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. another a Mary garden. not only for hardiness where needed. an "old rose" and fragrant. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. < previous page page_106 next page > . Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. or potpourri. is a center of interest. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. scented-leaf geraniums. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. and a third a culinary garden. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. emphasizes the circle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. One is a garden of legends. but also for proper leaf size. to name a few.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Narcissus mustard 14.Brassica nigra.Calendula officinalis. Chamaemelum nobile. flax 17. Viola tricolor. Johnny-jump. chamomile 3.Galium verum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. chive bedstraw 16. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. garden up sage 10. English ivy rosemary 8. dill 11.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Lamium album. Anethum graveolens. 1.Crocus sativus.Salvia officinalis. white dead 24. sweet marjoram basil 12. angelica 2. spearmint 22. absinthe 4.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata. hyssop rose 9. 27.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum majorana. Hyssopus officinalis.19.Rosmarinus officinalis. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . black 23. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. English thyme 13.20. saffron crocus marigold 7.Ruta graveolens. pyrethrum 5. Linum usitatissimum.Alchemilla vulgaris. Artemisia absinthium. lady's.Allium schoenoprasum.Ocimum basilicum. pot 26. sweet 21.Hedera helix. yellow 25. rue 28. Angelica archangelica. costmary 6. blue 18.Ornithogalum umbellatum.

This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. < previous page page_108 next page > .

perennial flax Galium odoratum. thyme Cnicus benedictus. rue Malva alcea var. Artemisia absinthium. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. peppermint Laurus nobilis. spearmint Mentha × piperita. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. Russian 'Prostratus'. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. clove Marrubium vulgare. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. bay Echeveria × imbricata. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. Cotinus coggygria. fastigiata. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. sweet Myrtus communis. Myrrhis odorata. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. blue Lamium maculatum. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. beach Monarda didyma. lemon balm Mentha spicata.

where paths enter an area or take a different direction. This is a general rule observed. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. features a closed knot of superior design. < previous page page_110 next page > . the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. millstones. The generous use of edgings. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. Appropriately used as accents. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. and huge. Viewed from the terrace garden. too. simply on a smaller scale. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden.

This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Santolina virens. green santolina 6.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. that of good proportion.A. The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. dwarf box . of greater size than is commonly found. six feet in diameter. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. cheddar pink 4. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Landscape Architect. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Routine clipping is required. and the mulch.Teucrium chamaedrys. A. has its size dictated by a rule of design.S.Hyssopus officinalis. lavender 5. germander 2. 'Tiny Rubies'. Design plan of herb garden 1. gray santolina 7. blue hyssop 3.L.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. box Myrica pensylvanica. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. box Calycanthus fioridus. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. black haw Prunus americana. quince Magnolia virginiana. japonica. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. plum Prunus maritima. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. beach plum Corylus avellana. honey locust Cornus florida. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. shadbush Salix caprea. goat willow Sassafras albidum. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . dogwood Pinus nigra.

arcticus T. Currently. caraway thyme T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. However. and a miscellany of others. leucotrichus T. its plant material varied. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. 'Annie Hall' T. 'Doone Valley' . Salvia. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. doerfleri T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. 'Argenteus'.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. arcticus 'Rosea' T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. As a rule. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. praecox subsp. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. Rosmarinus. Lavandula. praecox subsp. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. herba-barona. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. silver thyme T.

angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. golden rosemary R. blue sage S.T. angustifolia subsp. autumn sage S. involucrata. angustifolia subsp. 'Clear Gold'. angustissimus. dentata. sweet lavender L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. guaranitica. anise sage S. golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Prostratus'. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. crimson creeping thyme T. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. woolly thyme T. greggii. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. ramie . praecox subsp. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. golden thyme T. heterophylla. angustifolia. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Aurea'. English lavender L. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. arcticus 'Coccineus'. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. Mexican bush sage S. purple variegated garden sage S. leucantha. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. pine-scented rosemary R.

sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Prunella vulgaris. Physostegia virginiana. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. used in salads or boiled. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. rupturewort. Primarily. Cheloneglabra. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The house. Equisetum arvense. L. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. culinary. to lure bees. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. balmony. for scrubbing pots. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. horsetail.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Hesperis matronalis. Circumstances determined these priorities. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Sium sisarum. a well beside the house. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. to sweeten the air. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. The apple trees. obedient plant. which were located between the water supply. Herniaria glabra. constructed of brick made on the property. Smith. family needsmedicinal.

Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. while functional. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. too. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. too. for a few are in use now. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. < previous page page_116 next page > . the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Today. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Pinus taeda. wisteria 13. Gardenia jasminoides.Lonicera flava. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . 1. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Syringa × persica var. southern laciniata.Sambucus canadensis. 16. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. fig 6.Rosmarinus officinalis.Prunus angustifolia. bay 7.Laurus nobilis.Ficus carica.Rosa banksiae. yellow 12.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Cape jasmine 10.Lonicera sempervirens.Lagerstroemia indica.Wisteria frutescens.Malus angustifolia. rosemary 2. trumpet 11.Allium sativum. pomegranate 3.Punica granatum. garlic 9. Banksia rose 14. 15.

All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. too. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. The effect would be quite different without them. Appropriately. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Italy. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. < previous page page_118 next page > .

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

sweet flag marigold 24.Cassia marilandica. 1. dogwood horehound 18.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha × piperita. 70. pot 48.Lobelia siphilitica. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Ilex opaca. trumpet honeysuckle 4. saffron crocus 25. clove 36.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia abrotanum. weed John's-wort blackberry 8. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Verbascum thapsus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. balm autumn crocus 2.Rubus allegheniensis.Hamamelis virginiana. white periwinkle spicebush 13. dill 39.Gaultheria procumbens.Digitalis purpurea. lemon 26. 50. great 47.Rosa laevigata.57.Laurus nobilis.Lindera benzoin.Populus balsamifera.Levisticum officinale.Hypericum perforatum. blue 46. lovage 35. spearmint 62. catnip 34. blue 44.Hyssopus officinalis.Borago officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Lonicera sempervirens.Chimaphila umbellata.Salvia officinalis.Monarda punctata.Dianthus caryophyllus. butterfly 32.Acorus calamus.Allium schoenoprasum. black 29.Asclepias tuberosa.Armoracia rusticana.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Lilium candidum. fuller's teasel 67. 30. sweet 64.Paeonia officinalis. myrtle 53. hyssop sassafras 20. sweet 27.Agrimonia eupatoria.Sassafras albidum. 43.Anethum graveolens.Pinckneya pubens.Achillea millefolium.Dipsacus sativus. 38. yaupon pink southernwood 12. sweet shrub 10.Melissa officinalis.Vinca minor. horsemint lobelia 23. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > .Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Cimicifuga racemosa. fennel 40. 60. sativa.Calycanthus fioridus. garden sage 59.Symphytum officinale. basil chive 3. American holly 16. 63. peony 51.Galium odoratum. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Pulmonaria officinalis. 55.Rosmarinus officinalis. 68. 37. foxglove 41. St. 42.Monarda didyma.Calendula officinalis. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Punica granatum. tansy 65. bee balm 28. 45.Mentha pulegium.Colchicum autumnale. senna woodruff 15. borage 31. 33. rue 56. peppermint 52.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 66. yellow-root 7.Asarum virginicum.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Tanacetum vulgare.Ruta graveolens.Nepeta cataria.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lavandula angustifolia. wild ginger69. agrimony 58. 61. box chamomile 9.Buxus sempervirens.Chamaemelum nobile.Ilex vomitoria.Elizabeth Lawrence. mullein 49.Cornus florida.Xanthoriza simplicissima. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19. yarrow lungwort 22. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. 54.Crocus sativus.

In any event. < previous page page_120 next page > . This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. 1 T. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. This is true for the remedies. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. preventives. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. and fragrances they developed. of herbs per pound for meat loaf.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners.

Viburnum prunifolium.Digitalis purpurea. 1.Mentha spicata.Carum carvi. spearmint 17.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. caraway 19. catnip 16.Tanacetum vulgare.Rosmarinus officinalis. peppermint 18. winter savory 4.Nepeta cataria. sweet marjoram 6. lavender lovage 3.Cydonia oblonga. black haw 23. pot marigold 2. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Marrubium vulgare.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia absinthium. sweet basil 13.Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana.Papaver somniferum.Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum majorana. Calendula officinalis. English thyme rosemary 7. blue hyssop 21. garden sage 8.Levisticum officinale.Pyrus communis.Monarda punctata. horsemint 20.Salvia officinalis. horehound 15. 14. quince 24. foxglove 12.Mentha × piperita. opium poppy 5. tansy 11. apothecary's rose 22. English 10. absinthe 9.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.

a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. centrally located. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. Allowed such freedom of expression. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. < previous page page_122 next page > .< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. to study it. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. Thus it was for this garden. Some could be used singly. The beds are used to achieve balance. often it is reconstructed. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. one dated 1759. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. for example the large square bed with circular path. The main paths of brick unify the garden. makes it something of a focal point. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and if the best has not always survived. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. from early Moravian settlements. Shaded by hop vines. and bricks raise the beds. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. the other 1761. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities.

A. Landscape Architect. A.L. Campbell. .S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.

borage 5. hop southernwood 39. 81. lovage 9.Anethum graveolens.Rubia tinctorum. 74.Inula helenium. 68. garden nasturtium 12. elecampane 11.Salvia officinalis. 62. rhubarb 10.Allium sativum. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Aquilegia vulgaris.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia vulgaris.Humulus lupulus. marsh mallow 7. 54. fennel marjoram 28.Levisticum officinale.Clematis virginiana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. chestnut rose 43. comfrey 33.Lagerstroemia indica.Symphytum officinale. sweet 71.Cornusflorida. horehound 56. parsley 32.Rosa gallica. clary 30.Papaver rhoeas. annual clary 3. cabbage angustifolia. virgin's bower 40.Nigella sativa. English thyme 2. tansy 6. sweet 55. autumn crocus 34.77.Achillea millefolium. dwarf nasturtium 13.Vitis. columbine 29.Gelsemium sempervirens.Mentha spicata. corn poppy 79.Ocimum basilicum. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. balm chive 37.Salvia viridis.Marrubium vulgare.Rosa roxburghii. blessed thistle 8.Celosia cristata.Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile 17.Silybum marianum.Cercis canadensis.Althaea officinalis.Ruta graveolens. orach 76.Coriandrum sativum. 66.Borago officinalis. blue 69.Stachys officinalis.Tropaeolum minus.Nepeta cataria.Dianthus caryophyllus. eglantine Group.Petroselinum crispum. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Rosa eglanteria.Magnolia grandiflora. daisy crape myrtle 23. holy thistle 58. French rose 18.Narcissus poeticus. black cumin 46.Hyssopus officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. redbud 24. yarrow 4.Bellis perennis.The number in each planting area is the key number. caraway 72. 80. garden sage 15. hyssop maypop 42.Narcissus tazetta. feverfew southern magnolia 27. lavender rose 21.Matthiola incana. rue 14. sorrel 65. spearmint 57. red pepper 20.Allium schoenoprasum. English 78.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. cockscomb 47.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. betony 82.Rosa centifolia. stock 50.Rheum rhabarbarum. dill 73.Melissa officinalis. catnip 70. 1.Artemisia absinthium.Chrysanthemum parthenium. lemon 64. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. asparagus 31. madder 16. poet's narcissus 61.Origanum majorana.Tropaeolum majus. love.Alcea rosea.Mentha × piperita.Rosa damascena. polyanthus narcissus 60.Rosa moschata.Colchicum autumnale.Armoracia rusticana.Atriplex hortensis.Rumex acetosa.Asparagus officinalis. blue 63.Passiflora incarnata. hollyhock 51.Artemisia abrotanum. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . grape larkspur 41. Carolina jessamine 38. basil moss rose 44. garlic lungwort 36. 52.Salvia sclarea.Ficus. mugwort67. clove 53.Amaranthus caudatus.Lilium candidum.Tanacetum vulgare.Hydrangea quercifolia.Pulmonaria officinalis.Scabiosa atropurpurea. rosemary49.Cnicus benedictus. Madonna lily 59.Rosmarinus officinalis.Consolida ambigua.Saponaria officinalis.Carum carvi. damask coriander rose 19. 48.Crocus sativus. absinthe 45.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. First. The lesser the scale. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. This space was never adequate. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. far from the house. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. Usually this is least desirable. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. A ravine and existing. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. Although some observations may seem obvious. the western. The next most desirable exposure.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). Thus. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. it is proper to make a trial run. even boggy. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. Calluna (heather). the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. and the north point is established. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed.

another is close to the rear of the house. and the search did not take long. The general outline is similar. It was a pleasurable assignment. but it need not be identical. single bed. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. as the drawing on p. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Indeed. 77 provided the needed inspiration. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs.ground where drainage is better. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The. The outline is fixed. and the property line on the last. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. < previous page page_126 next page > . 127 indicates. The new herb garden has been located. a driveway on still another. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. There is the housegarage structure on one side. certainly not precisely the same. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. all four sides are so determined. Then. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong.

something is amiss. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. In fact. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. this low wall will enclose the garden area. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. forming the outer boundary of the service path. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. There was no . A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. If all is well. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. Two drawings were required to work out problems. In addition. then north. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. If. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. as in this case.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. With the plan established. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

In this case. the site required some leveling. However. . a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. A structural edging was in order. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. Before edgings could be put in place. not one completed in a weekend. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. The old turn-around stone made it necessary.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. However. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. admittedly. and the finished edging would be effective. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. At corners. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. however. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. In this area. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. eight. In the earlier stage of planning. the eight-foot length was more practical. this was. a lapped joint was fashioned. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. selected for its simplicity. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. filling the beds with soil was next. could serve this purpose. Weeds. This method of treatment now guarantees . and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. for they will likely have more traffic. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. A choice of five colors was available. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. The latter need to be more substantially paved.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. this same base underlies all the paths. One is the ramp to the driveway. The pattern is running bond. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. Paving for the terraced area is brick. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. sand. leaves. Aged compost. had been proof of that. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. but there are exits to different levels. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. Heavy black plastic. Unfortunately. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial.

It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. worth the added cost. even bed for the pavers. on a trial run of one course of brick. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. However. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed.

It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. converging where it was logical to do so. With the completion of the paths. the terraced area." their construction can be somewhat varied.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. French drains. for it would interfere with the drainage system. In this instance. Herbs have flourished in the beds. since that path borders the house. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. learned about decades earlier. and the steps to other levels. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. . they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. Sometimes called "rubble drains.

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D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. in inches. E EllipseAn oval. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. for example. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. albula. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. is symmetrical. often a wall or trellis. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. a garden plan. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. hundredths of an inch. having a variety of gradations. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. and so on. casts the shadow for the hour. Its arrow points north and. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. twelfths of an inch. and so on. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. in tenths of an inch. not necessarily referable to botanical species. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. for example. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. sixteenths of an inch. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path.

turf. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. Preferred by those who strive for neatness.3. roofed structure usually open on the sides. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. ForthrightA straight course or path. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. loose. or colored earths. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. rounded fragments of rock. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. a patterned garden. Pea gravelSmall. also called rubble drain. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species.3). K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. a flat. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. its compartments filled with flowers. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. G GazeboA freestanding. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . M ManufactoryA factory. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. GrindstoneMillstone. heated especially by fermenting manure. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms.brick) in the same course. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Usually a few inches thick. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone.

a < previous page page_131 next page > . Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters.

SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. W Wall. < previous page page_132 next page > . Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. called also a hose cock. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. or steps. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. V VarietyA category below species. TreillageLatticework for vines.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. ranking between species and variety. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. not treelike or with a single trunk. cutting. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. snug fit for walks. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. often planted with aromatic herbs. R Rose. Turf seatBanked-up earth. walls. Stone.

Berrall.. and Garden. Room Outside. Flannery. Garden City: Doubleday. Rosetta E. Sylvia. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. The Herb Garden. Putnam's Sons. New York: Viking Press. 1944. Brownlow. 1982.: Geo. New York: Dover. 1961. New York: E. 1902. Bailey. Helen H. 1977. Greenwood. Staff of. L. Independence. New York: Hawthorne Books. Helen Morgenthau. 1980. 1970. Edlin. Prof. London: Adam and Charles Black. Margaret E. Frances A. New York. Park Seed Co..C. New York: Macmillan. Sevenoaks. and Accessories. 1976. 1971. Batsford. 1963. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. New York: Macmillan. John Philip. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Harriet Ballard. Carpenter. London: Country Life. 1935. Sydney: B. 1980. Brookes. Doran & Co. 14701670. London: Marshall Cavendish. London: Macmillan. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Liberty Hyde. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. How Plants Get Their Names. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Book of the Geranium. H. British Plants. 1971. Rosemary F. 1933. Garden Design. Hortus Third. Toronto. Terrace. The Cultivated Basils. The Small Garden. 1951. Hanging Plants for Home. New York: Macmillan. Charlotte. Foster. Cross. Alice Morse. Seal. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. P. Agnes. New York: Viking Press. Gertrude B. 1972. 1962. .. 1966. 1966. 1979. 1957. Bardswell. New York: Crown Publishers. London: Saturn Press. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Herbals. Beston. Peter. 1973. 1972. Robert Lee. Earle. Complements. Roses.. Gertrude B. Park's Success with Herbs. ed. Julia S. Henry. Kent: The Herb Farm. Darrah. Jot. Mo. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. The Garden (An Illustrated History). L. P. London. S. T. New York: Macmillan.: Buckeye Printing Co. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1951. 1942. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Baumgardt. 1958. Fox. Crowe.. Behme. . Herbs and the Earth. Foley. New York: G. Daniel J. W. Coats. Bailey Hortorium. John E. H. Erichsen-Brown. Aurora. 1938. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Foster. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. John. .< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 1911. Green Enchantment. Dutton & Co. New York: Simon and Schuster. Clarkson. Herbsfor Every Garden. and Louden.

1938. 2d ed. Eigel. London: George Routledge & Sons.. Howard. 1975...: Chronica Botanica Co. Toronto: Little. Philippa. Lawrence. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. and Rice.C. Muenscher. C. Jones. and Back. 1951. Helen K. Carol. Rev. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1964. 1981. Eleanour Sinclair. Lerner. 1970. Alma. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Sylva. Harold N. 1966. 1971. George H. Krauss. A. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1973. New York: Macmillan. 1969. Rosengarten. . Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Miller.. Elizabeth. 1976. New York: Dover. Norma Jean. Myron. Pozza. 1952. N. 1983. New York: Doubleday. Claire. New York: De La Mare. J. Leighton. 1911. Wynnewood. Alice Recknagel. Roy. Division Billboard Publications. Flowers of the Field. Johnson. Loyal R. Pa.. New York: Crown Publishers. and Brunello. Shaker Herbs. Grow and Enjoy. ed. Vicenza.. Italy. 1974. Dutton & Co.. chemist. New York: Dover. Vegetable Dyeing. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. 1970. Hamel. Boston.. 1946. 1981. Co.. A Biblical Garden.: Livingston Pub. Kiaer. 1961. Frances. Boston. New York: Macmillan. The Art of Dyeing. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Amy Bess. Hendrickson. and Chiltoskey. Modern Herbal. Grieve. 1974. Cherokee Plants. M. New York: Harper & Bros. Hay. New York: E. Landscaping with Vines. Early American Gardens. Adelma G. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Tucson: H. Bernard Hickey. Loewenfeld.. Sarah. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. McFarland.Garland. London: Faber and Faber. Moldenke. and Synge. A Garden of Herbs. Ann. 1978. Patrick M. 1975. New York: Macmillan. Potter. Simmons. 1971. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Waltham. P. Brown & Co. New York: William Morrow & Co. New York: Clarkson N. and Alma L. Books. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Franco.. Mary U. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Lawrence. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Mass. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. (1st American edition trans. Geraniums for Home and Garden.. Walter. Johns. Roses of the World in Color. The Berry Book. 1959. Frederic.) Rohde. 1976. Loewenfeld. Dorothy Bovee. Ireys. Neri. Lesch. New York: Viking Press. Gardens in Winter. New York: William Morrow and Co. Herbs. Paul B. How to Landscape Your Grounds. New York: Van Nostrand. Claire. Plants of the Bible. Mrs. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. M. Horace. The Book of Spices. Jr. The Herb Garden. P. 1969.: Herald Publishing Co. How to Select. Lathrop. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1982. Robert. 1972. 1979.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Tarantino.A. McGarry. L. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. 1979. Sandy Hicks.A. Mrs. Paxton. Fragrance in the Garden. L.A. Rhoda Specht. Vivian. Michael. 1974. and Bell.. A. L. 1953. Alfred L. James D. Hammond Crawford.L. A. Mrs. New ed.A.A. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism.L. Hale & Co. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Landscape Architecture. Associate. Lucile Teeter Kissack.. L. Austin R. Griffin. W. Jo Lohmolder. New York: Simon & Schuster.. Bradner. and Robert B.. Charles Patch. Shrub Roses of Today.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. The Fragrant Garden.S. Mrs. Susan W. Zohary. George. Maxton Davies. Lamm. Revised by Dr. Louise Beebe. L.A.. Mrs.. Botanical Latin. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Mrs. 1953. 1972.A. Henry Gund. Mrs.A. William T. Mrs. Esther. George T. Mrs. and Mrs.. New York: St. New York: Simon & Schuster.: Garden Way. Ingersoll. Pees. Berkeley Brandt. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Nelva M. L. Weber. Vera Breed. A. Raymond V.A. Mrs. Giroux. Mrs. L. 1942. Mrs. Katherine S. William W.. Jr. New York: Doubleday. Margaret Osborn Holt. Charles L. Bates. New York: Dover. Singleton. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Indianapolis.D. Winthrop G. C. Mrs. 1975. New York.. Herbert G. Benjamin McF.L.A. Mrs. Mrs. Malcolm.. . Martin. Bush.. Martin's. London: Phoenix House. Taloumis. 1957.R. Robert G. W T. 1982.. 1972. 1976. Bynam. 1979. William Radler. Onward and Upward in the Garden. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook.. Amy Bess Miller. Mrs.A. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Linda. New York: William Morrow & Co. Barbara Capen. 1972. New York: St. Philip Batchelder. . Herbs in the Garden. Leonie. L.A. Mrs. Melissa R. Vt. Mrs. Plimpton. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Moffit. James C. L. Helen Van Pelt. Graham Stuart. Mrs.A.. Wilder. Leonard Dreyfuss. Norman. Mrs. London: Phoenix House. Madalene Hill. White. Taylor. F. H. L. Peter M. Sherry D. Thacker. .. Christopher. William Y Dear. New York: Hafner.. Wilson. Rev. 1961.A.. The Fragrant Year. Martha Dahlen. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. The Shakespeare Garden. Campbell. Martin's Press. ed.A. 1976. 1967. New York: William Farquhar Payson. A. Climbing Roses Old and New. Jr. Charlotte.The Old Shrub Roses. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Z. Jr. Container Gardening Outdoors. Boerner. Hines. Building Stone Walls. Marshall. Price. L. Donald Paxton. . Boston: Ralph T. Keebler. 1966. Cozart.S. Jack Emil Geist. Robert K.. Meyer. T.. Webster. Stearn. John Poinier. Gannaway.A. Frank M. Baker. John. L. 1979. Mrs.S. Stearn. Mrs. 1962. 1931. Plants of the Bible. Morss. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.A. Smith. Mr. Elisabeth W. Marion E. New York.. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.. Neil Hamill Park. Graham. L. Straus. Helen Noyes. L. Stuart. John Ormsbee. William C. New York: Farrar. Mrs. William T. Toronto: Van Nostrand. The History of Gardens..A. Mrs. Virginia B. Diane C.. Bleecker. Elizabeth Lawrence. A. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Thomas. 1965. Yang. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Mrs.

Linda Yang. Architect. Isadore L... Mrs. and Mrs.. Joan E. Mrs. Wilcox.A. Eric Duke Scott. Atlanta Historical Society. Western Reserve Herb Society. Mrs. Mrs. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Little Rock. Ann Arbor. Gayle. Helen M. Mrs. Roberts.. Mich. L. G. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Elbert Smith. Jean Ruh. Timothy Procter Ruh. Faith H. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mrs. Harper. Cleveland.A. L..I. Mrs. Bailey. N. N.. Old Slater Mill Museum. Ga. Eloise andJo Ray. Ohio. Pawtucket. Mass.A. R. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. < previous page page_134 next page > . Kingwood Center. Atlanta. Inc. L. Mrs.. Hales Corners. N. The following provided historical. Milwaukee County Park Commission. L. Derthick. Talbot III. Hancock. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Inc. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Edmund G.. Swanson. Rose.. Booker Worthen. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Mich.Rady. Milton C. civic.. Nathan Sameth. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. James S. L. John A. Wisc. Lawrence Schetky.A. Plain Dealer Photo. Lansing. Mansfield. Mrs. Old Salem. Hancock Shaker Village. Skinner. Frederick E. Smith (Ann Leighton). The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Ohio. Matthew Miksch House. Semple. Walter Rebmann.H. Joe H..C. Whitman. Mr. Milton Stricker. The Country Doctor Museum. Greenland. Ark. Christopher Rady.. James F. Weeks Brick House. Winston-Salem. Shaker Community. University of Michigan. Michigan State University.C. Christopher Spencer.. Linda Yang..

E. A. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. azoricum. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. officinalis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. C. A. maritima L. Y smalliana Agrimonia. A. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. barbadensis A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Myrrhis odorata. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. Narcissus triandrus. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum .

podagraria Asparagus A. melongena var. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. laevis Rhododendron . schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Lamium album Viburnum. G. F.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. P. albula A. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. ludoviciana var. V. false Galium aristatum. officinalis Populus. lycopersicum. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. M. Monarda didyma Crataegus. grandiflorus Melissa M. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. officinalis. acerifolium. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. S. Solanum aculeatissimum S. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. P.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Mertensia virginica. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. alpina 'Alba' A. chrysantha Symphytum S. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. P. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. coronaria . Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. B. deltoides Campsis radicans. M. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. angustifolia. oleracea. vulgaris A.

wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. B. Italian D Daffodil M. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. N. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. V. M. angustifolia. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. pseudonarcissus miniature N. V. alpinum R. verna. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. sativum R. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . M. coronaria. C. ioensis Vaccinium. alpinum R. macrocarpon. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. maculatum G.

triphyllum . × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. T officinale Bellis. Ferocactus latispinus.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. frutescens C. A. A. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. lilioasphodelus H. rivieri. obtusifolius R. acetosa. Chrysanthemum frutescens. lilioasphodelus. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Sansevieria. Hosta H. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. C. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. H. R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. D. R. obtusifolius Rumex R. crispus. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. x superbum Hemerocallis.

Helichrysum. S. damascena. N. C. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Senecio cineraria.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. arvensis. Lychnis coronaria. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. C. N. pungens Sambucus S. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Antennaria. ragusina. N. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum Nigella. Gnaphalium. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. gymnocarpa. Centaurea cineraria. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. L. americana Foeniculum vulgare var.× germanica I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. usitatissimum L. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica Corylus C. Osmunda. A. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. P. carica F. O. I. I. perenne . regalis Adiantum. versicolor.

tuberosum A. scorodoprasum A. odoratissimum P. sylvatica Digitalis D. neapolitanum A. Fumaria C. grossularioides P radens P. × germanica Myosotis M. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. I.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. × limoneum P. purpurea D. sativum var. quercifolium P. × hortorum P. P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. lanata D. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. lutea Allium sativum A. Pelargonium. sphaerocephalum A. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys .

fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. P. chamaedrys T. glutinosum. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. pratensis . canadense. × jatrophifolium P. scabrum P graveolens P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. × nervosum P. graveolens P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. capitatum P. denticulatum P. A. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. A. canadense T. Z. quercifolium P. × citrosum P. T. tomentosum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. T. Tragopogon. crispum P. officinale Z.

citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. V. Oxalis deppei. Vitis monticola. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. C. torquata E. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. M. nervosa V. C. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S.

golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. W. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. L. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Lythrum. Pulmonaria . C.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Ophiopogon L. majalis Liriope. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. triacanthos G. G. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone.

M. tenuifolia T. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. patula Calendula officinalis T. grandiflora M. erecta T. Malva. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes M Mace. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. C. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. pedatum Hibiscus. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. M. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. lucida . erecta T. Malva. erecta T. A. alcea var. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

majorana O. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. Spiraea alba. vulgare 'Aureum' O. × piperita var. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. citrata M. dictamnus O. citrata M. vulgare O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . × piperita var. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. odorata Achillea millefolium. requienii M. citrata. Astrantia. O. onites O. crispii M. A. citrata M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. piperita var. majorana O. major. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. suaveolens M. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. S. R. Heracleum sphondylium subsp.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. vulgare O. aquatica var.

A. Azolla caroliniana. Umbellularia californica. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. M. lactiflora Morus M. V. × gentilis M. thapsus V. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Myrtus. alba Verbascum. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. vulgaris A. communis. olympicum. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Myrrhis odorata. rubra M. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera .red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. V. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana.

album L. P. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. nudum. V. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. V. L.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. tazetta Tropaeolum T. poeticus N. majus T. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. minus T.

hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. fragrans Allium. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. fistulosum Atriplex. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . fistulosum A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. cepa. Proliferum Group A. Castilleja californica. cepa A. florentina. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. cepa. fragrans O. C. S. hortensis A. vulgare var. A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. I. telephium Iris × germanica var. Scilla verna. O.

water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. crispum P. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . lactiflora P lactiflora P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. pulsatilla Passiflora P. neopolitanum Pastinaca. A. P. P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. crispum var. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. patens. A.

roseus C. P frutescens Catharanthus. album Ranunculus ficaria . Piper C. annuum. paniculata P. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Chenopodium. annuum. annuum. Longum Group Capsicum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. retroflexus. annuum. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. annuum. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Longum Group cone green C. A. C. C. annuum. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. C. C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Grossum Group C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. Marsilea Perilla. Longum Group C. C. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. frutescens C.

P salicina P angustifolia. umbellata var. americana . × paradisiaca. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. P. C. alpinus D. officinalis Dianthus D. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. taeda P. C. plumarius. nigra P strobus P taeda P. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. gratianopolitanus D. angustifolia var. umbellata var. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. plumarius D. Prunus japonica. taeda Chimaphila. Silene laciniata. M. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Plantago P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. caryophyllus D. watsonii P maritima P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum.

sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. S. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. rhoeas P. P. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. Liriodendron tulipifera P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. vulgare Lithospermum. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. 0. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. biennis P. carnea Phytolacca americana P. E. L. balsamifera P.

P. rhabarbarum R. sativum var. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. Diplotaxis. C. A. canadensis C. coccineum C. C. pepo C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. pepo Portulaca. R. Hesperis . oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.

sativa Rosa R. chinensis 'Minima' R. R. Rosa chinensis R. canina. laevigata R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. damascena R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rubus coronarius R. × harisonii R. spinosissima R. gallica R. banksiae R. canina R. × borboniana R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. × borboniana Kerria. gallica 'Officinalis' R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. × borboniana R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. moschata . damascena 'Bifera' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. centifolia R.

chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. Rosmarinus. Salvia hierosolymitana . × rehderana R. greggii S. pitcheri S. officinalis Limonium R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. guaranitica S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. clevelandii S. caerula. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. S. setigera R. azurea subsp. rugosa R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. R. sclarea S. officinalis S. angustissimus R. microphylla S.

S. hebecarpa. elegans S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. P. chamaecyparissus S. Salicornia. S. viridis S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. marilandica Amelanchier . virens. chamaecyparissus S.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. T. leucophylla S. leucantha S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. C. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. montana Scabiosa S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. S. neapolitana S. maritimum E. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. halimus Crithmum maritimum. A. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. guaranitica S.

A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .

Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. coggygria. coggygria C. coggygria Cotinus. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. P. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. C.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. nivalis Lamium album. P. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. G. biflorum . V. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. C. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. americana. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax.

scutatus R. O.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. S. V. japonica Sorbaria. H. pyrenaicum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. patulum. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. E. L. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. acetosa. officinalis thyme-leaved V. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. R. crassipes O. Ornithogalum arabicum.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R.

crispum T. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. perennis. vesca F. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca F. incana M. vulgare var. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. incana M. O. vulgare var. C. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. T vulgare T. chiloensis F. M. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. O.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. dracunculus var. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. floridus Philadelphus .

vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. marianum S. praecox T. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . T. E. phaenopyrum C. 'Argenteus' T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. × citriodorus T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. sylvestris D. laevigata Eupatorium. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. praecox subsp. Silybum marianum S. 'Broad-leaf English' T. benedictus. pallasianus T. maritima Thymus. marianum S. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. A. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. C. 'Clear Gold' T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. arcticus T.

I. Coreopsis Linaria. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. lycopersicum var. praecox subsp. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. Physalis peruviana L. P. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. radicans Bignonia capreolata. cerasiforme. lycopersicum var. peruviana P. pruinosa. P. alata Lycopersicon. L. lycopersicum L. noli-tangere. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. C. sanctum Tulipa T. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. sanctum O.

P. V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. odorata V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. caeruleum Clematis. caprea . odorata V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. cornuta V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. canina. Chimaphila. C. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. cornuta 'Alba' V. C. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. viorna Abutilon theophrasti.

Vanilla barbellata A. verticillata Chimaphila. nudum Isatis I. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. gmelinii A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Stachys . caprea. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. V. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. annua A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. ambrosioides Artemisia. camphorata A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. frigida A. I. absinthium A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. Corydalis sempervirens A. S. pontica. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. W. Gaultheria procumbens.

ageratum A. simplicissima Cladrastis. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . × media 'Hicksii' T. millefolium A. C. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. lutea. filipendulina A. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. taygetea A. tomentosa Ilex cassine. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. I. X. vomitoria I.

five-finger f. fourcroydes sweet flag. cana A. Indian mallow China jute. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. lion's tail anise hyssop. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . butter-print. maidenhair fern. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. calamus Adiantum A. pedatum Agastache A. nose-bleed. ageratum A. blue giant hyssop. millefolium A.. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. napellus Acorus A..< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. theophrasti Acacia A. monkshood helmut flower. calamus maidenhair fern. h. h. fragrant g. longifolia Achillea A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. thousand-seal.. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. fennel g. breviflora A. sanguinary. monkshood flowering maple. yarrow sneezeweed. foeniculum Agave A. taygetea A. parlor m. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. alpinus Aconitum A. Indian mallow. maidenhair American maidenhair.

sisal hemp. ophioscorodon A. christophii A. rosea Alchemilla A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. serpent garlic chive. karataviense A. reptans Alcea A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. lily leek daffodil garlic. ostrowskianum A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. cive. cocklebur.A. sativum var. fistulosum A. two-bladed o. schnittlauch giant garlic . vulgaris Allium A. Rosenbachianum A.. alpina A. ciboule. moly A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. neapolitanum A. tree o.. githago Ajuga A. schoenoprasum A. flowering o. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o.. sisalana Agrimonia A. Japanese bunching o. Spanish o. garlic rocambole. purple c. giganteum A. senescens var. flavum A.. scorodoprasum A. Pulchellum A. sativum A. hemp plant agrimony.

japonica A.. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. canadensis Amsonia A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. cerefolium chervil angelica. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. tuberosum Aloe A. bugloss windflower. officinalis Anemone A. officinarum Anchusa A. blanda A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. pulsatilla Anethum A. caudatus Amelanchier A. barbadensis Aloysia A. marschalliana A. triphylla Althaea A. officinalis Amaranthus A. medicinal a. tinctoria Anthriscus A. Barbados a. archangel. Curasao a. bugloss alkanet.. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. garlic c. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. shadbush. juneberry. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. white m. sphaerocephalum A. Oriental garlic . round-headed garlic Chinese chive. shad. hupehensis var. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A..glaucum A.

dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. graveolens A. graveolens var. chrysantha A. European crowfoot bearberry. alpina 'Alba' A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > .Apium A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.

bear's grape. dracunculus var. sativa A. virginicum bearberry. annua A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. sandberry. pink or white horseradish. rusticana Artemisia A. triphyllum A. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . mugwort. old man southernwood absinthe. mealberry. Ludoviciana var.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. albula A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. camphorata A. dracontium A. arborescens A. maritima Armoracia A. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. triphyllum subsp. creashak green-dragon. lactiflora A. gmelinii A. red cole sagebrush. frigida A. sea pink thrift. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. asarabacca wild ginger. mountain box. kinnikinick. stewardsonii Armeria A. pontica A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. canadense A. wormwood southernwood. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. europaeum A. hog cranberry.

papyrifera Boehmeria B.. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. vulgaris Beta milkweed.Asclepias A. jaundice berry. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. wild indigo. mustard . mountain spinach false indigo. c. silkweed. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. halimus A. piprage beet swiss chard. major Atriplex A. orach sea orach. officinalis Astrantia A. yellow r. s. tuberosa Asparagus A. ruby s. c. cool-tankard cole. butterfly flower butterfly weed.. s. pleurisy root. China grass borage borage. B. garden o. rattleweed winter cress. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. rocket. australis B. plains f. tinctoria Barbarea B. hortensis B Baptista B. wild blue i. nivea Borago B. ruby s. upland cress winter cress. i. perennis Berberis B. c. vulgaris. c. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. saltbush orach. wild indigo blue false indigo. Chinese silk plant. vulgaris Bellis B. tuberroot. talewort.

floridus Campanula C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.B. carpatica C. strawberry s. microphylla 'Nana' B.. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B.. eruca B. pineapple s. koreana B. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. white-flowered k. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla var. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. grandiflora Calendula C. sempervirens B. officinalis Calycanthus C.

C. o. green p. p. o. p. pimento sweet pepper s. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. chili p. p.. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. p. trumpet vine.. p. < previous page page_147 next page > . p. o. p. bell p. o. green p. s. s. p. p. crown plant trumpet creeper.. trumpet flower. cow-itch.. o. p. C. p. s. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. red p. rapunculus Campsis C. o. sweet pepper. persicifolia C. o. o.

safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. cristata Cercis C. garden c. nobile Chelidonium C. illinoinensis C.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. bastard s. shellbark h. false saffron. capsicum p. chili p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud... snakehead . Tabasco-sauce p. tinctorius Carum C. carvi Carya C.. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. majus Chelone cayenne p.. red p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. Madagascar periwinkle. marilandica Catharanthus C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Russian c. frutescens Carthamus C. Tabasco p. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. celandine celandine turtlehead. ovata Cassia C. canariensis Cedrus C. senna. deodara Celosia C.

Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy..C. Meyer 1. crispus C. leather flower. leucanthemum C. American w. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. Robert Brydon' C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. feather geranium. bonus-henricus C. botrys Chimaphila C. ambrosioides C. dwarf 1. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. virgin's bower. pyrethum. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. barbe-de-capuchin. × superbum Cichorium C. intybus Cimicifuga C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. lutea Clematis C.. virginiana balmony goosefoot. balsamita C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. mint geranium. devil's-darning- . umbellata Chionanthus C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. wormseed. old-man's-beard costmary. rattletop black cohosh. fat hen ambrosia. racemosa Cistus C.. wax flower. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. coccineum C. pigweed Mexican tea. virgilia virgin's bower. ladanifer Citrus C. wintergreen.. Dalmatia p. leather flower. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. glabra Chenopodium C. parthenium C. frutescens C. Spanish t. cinerariifolium C. alecost pyrethrum. Chinese dwarf 1.

arkansana C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. peregrina Consolida C.. apiculatus Crataegus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. orientalis Convallaria C. smokebush smoke tree. smokebush. avellana Cotinus C. laevigata C. majalis Convolvulus C. florida Corylus C. sativum Cornus C. autumnale Comptonia C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . coggygria Cotoneaster C. benedictus Coix C. quick-set. Venetian sumac. smoke plant. thorn. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. tinctoria Coriandrum C. trifolia Coreopsis C. ambigua C.needle Cnicus C. thorn apple. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. red haw hawthorn English h. cneorum Coptis C.

West Indian 1. oblonga Cymbopogon C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. phaenopyrum Crithmum C. angustifolius C. speciosus C. × allwoodii D. gracilis Dianthus D. sieberi C. sempervirens Cydonia C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.C. maritimum Crocus C. speciosus 'Albus' C.. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . citratus Cytisus C. sativus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. scoparius C. kotschyanus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass.

grandiflora D. carnation. lanata D. sylvestris Doronicum D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. gas plant. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. sativus D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss .< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. spectabilis Dictamnus D. burning bush. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D.

bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E.. rugosum v. perfoliatum E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. torquata Euonymus E. sea holm. arvense E. californica Eucalyptus E. pungens Eleocharis E. b. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort.E. gum tree. vulgare Elaeagnus E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. ironbark. J. epimedium barrenwort. Australian gum. plum eryngo sea holly. sea eryngo California poppy C. japonica Eryngium E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. poppy eucalypt. blueweed. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. jacinth. S. Japanese medlar. hyemale Eranthis E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. dulcis Endymion E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. viridis Epimedium E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot .

a. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. major Fragaria F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. assafoetida Ficus F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgare F. a. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. ulmaria F.Euphorbia E.s. vulgare var. vulgare subsp. vulgare F. a. alpine s. sow-teat s. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. vulgaris Foeniculum F.s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s. chiloensis F. finocchio. imperialis Fumaria F.

Carolina jessamine Genista G.. jasminoides Gaultheria G. robertianum Glechoma G. Carolina yellow j. mountain tea. cleavers white bedstraw. vernalis H. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. gardenia.. Capejasmine wintergreen. odoratum G. our-lady's-b. field balm. mock p. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. honey locust. triacanthos Gossypium G. maculatum G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. verum Gardenia G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. Carolina jasmine G. checkerberry. alumroot herb Robert.. false baby's-breath woodruff. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium.. teaberry. nivalis Galium G. red Robin . woodwaxen. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. spotted c. tinctoria Geranium G. ground ivy. germanica G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. runaway robin.F. hederacea Gleditsia G. dyer's greenweed. pulegioides American pennyroyal. virginiana Hedeoma H.. sweet w. mollugo G. wild c.

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. × luteola Herniaria H. Hawaiian h. hibiscus kenaf. matronalis Hibiscus H. rose m. petiolatum Heliotropium H. cannabinus H. foetidus H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. Deccan h. sweet r. giant m. angustifolium H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket.. lilioasphodelus H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. China rose. Indian hemp.... rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H.. mallow.. flavescens Helenium H. bimlipatum j. orientalis Hemerocallis H. licorice plant heliotrope. Chinese hibiscus. lividus subsp. lemon d. bastard jute. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. atrorubens H. corsicus H. bimli j. blacking plant plantain lily. garland 1. rose-of-China. arborescens Helleborus H. glabra Hesperis H. daylily . curry plant false licorice. niger H. turnsole heliotrope. Deckaner h.

. European h. I. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. box-leaved h. crenata var. box-leaved h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. Burford's holly Japanese holly. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. horned h.H. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. . yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. asiatica Hypericum H. perforatum Hyssopus H. orangeroot.-John's-wort St. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. navelwort gotu kola St. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. white h. lupulus Hydrangea H. rose h. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. patulum 'Sungold' H. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H.-John's-wort St. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly.

. glabra I. alba Iris I. crested i. snapweed.I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. touch-me-not jewelweed. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. cristata I.. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. African corn lily corn lily orris. tinctoria Ixia I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. 'Great Lakes' I. tinctoria Inula I. maculata J Jasminum J. opaca I. wilsonii Impatiens I. helenium Ipomoea I. yellow flag. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. horizontalis creeping j.. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. × germanica var. woad dyer's woad. pseudacorus Isatis I. jewelweed. florentina I. crested dwarf i. water f. vomitoria 'Nana' I. spotted t. chinensis var. capensis Indigofera I. officinale Juniperus J. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. J.

sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . angustifolia subsp.Justicia water willow J. angustifolia L. plume flower. n. white d. indica Lamium L. dumb nettle. paradise p. n. plume plant. flamingo p.. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. d. king'scrown L Lactuca L. sweet bay laurel.. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake.. bay. album L. maculatum L. carnea Brazilian-plume. dentata var. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. brandegeana shrimp plant J.. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. dentata L.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. blue cardinal flower . alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. leonurus Leontopodium L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass.. officinale Ligustrum L. marsh rosemary. chalcedonicum Limonium L. summer s. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. aestivum Levisticum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. pepperwort. candidum L. lovage privet. perenne L. muscari Lobelia L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. benzoin Linum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. sativum Leucojum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. hedge plant privet.

annua Lychnis L.L. gypsywort.. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum var. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. coronaria L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. grandiflora M. penny f. vulgaris Lythrum L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. campion. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . sempervirens Lunaria L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. satin flower honesty. virginiana sweet alyssum. maritima L. moonwort. coronaria 'Alba' L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. stellata M. honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. silver-dollar. europaeus Lysimachia L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. cordata Magnolia M. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. money plant. flava L. coral h. catchfly mullein pink. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower.

citrata M. Oregon g. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. bergamot m. hupehensis Malva M. incanum M. fastigiata Marrubium M. bluebells. incana Melissa M.. holly barberry. requienii M. imperial stock balm lemon b. longifolia M. lemon m.. alcea var.. officinalis Mentha M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M.. × piperita var. pennyroyal Corsican m. lungwort bluebells. apple m. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. 'Eau de Cologne' M. Virginia c. musk m.. pineapple m. Virginia b. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. horsemint peppermint orange mint.. blue barberry apple. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. aquatica M.. holly mahonia. Brampton stock. bee b. 'Guiding Star' M. horsemint . wild crab crab apple crab mallow. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. cowslip. curly m. gillyflower. American crab. stock stock. vulgare Matthiola M. menthella. holly g. × piperita M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. sweet b. white h. Scotch m. mountain g. × gentilis M.. b.Mahonia M. pulegium M. angustifolia M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M..

sweet cicely. textilis Myosotis M. menthifolia M. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. candleberry. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. fistulosa var. Greek myrtle. swamp c. b. Oswego tea. pink b. myrrh. b. winter purslane. white bee balm pink b. anise. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. b. American m. citriodora M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. banana abaca. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint.M. fistulosa M.. odorata Myrtus M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. punctata Montia M. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. Swedish m. white b. red m. sylvatica Myrica M.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. hog-pasture b. cowslip self-heal self-heal. vulgaris Prunus P. pensylvanica P. Americana P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. persica Pteridium P. aspen. elatior P. balsam p. lungwort blue 1. heal-all. nepalensis P.. all-heal salad burnet. sand p. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. granatum Pyrus P. sieboldii 'Alba' P. hackmatack. hardy orange poplar.. veris Prunella P. trifoliata Populus P. brake bracken. tacamahac cinquefoil.Poncirus P. angustifolia P.. domestica P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. Jerusalem cowslip white p. brake. widdy shrubby c. Jerusalem sage. golden hardhack. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. maritima P. pasture b. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. five-finger shrubby c. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil .

centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. autumn damask r. China r. banksiae R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. ficaria Reseda R. fairy r. brier Banksia r. small c. Bourbon r. garden r. garden c. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. eglantine. pilewort mignonette weld. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup... chinensis 'Minima' R.Quercus Q. canina R. gallica damask r. York-and-Lancaster r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. dog b. sativum Rosa R. moss r. purshiana Rheum R. crowfoot lesser celandine. dog r. eglanteria R. brier r. . alpinum R. pygmy r. pie plant. typhina Ribes R.. moss r. red currant.. 'Cinderella' R. rose. × borboniana R. sweetbrier French r. cabbage r. mountain c. dyer's rocket rhubarb.. gooseberry alpine c. luteola Rhamnus R. stellata R Ranunculus R..

Cherokee r. moschata R. × harisonii R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. golden p. prairie r. sorrel. wichuraiana R. climbing r. obtusifolius R.. chinquapin r. Harison's yellow r. musk r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. Scotch r. rosemary pine-scented r. laevigata R.. setigera R. garden sorrel broad dock. roxburghii R. rugosa R. hirta Rumex R. × rehderana R. dock s. 'Schneezwerg' R. climbing r. Japanese r. chestnut r. acetosa R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. polyantha r. French sorrel rue . r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. tinctorum Rubus R. bitter d. rosemary white r. Turkestan r.. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. prostrate rosemary. burnet r. angustissimus R. spinosissima R.'Officinalis' R.. madder bramble blackberry. snowdwarf memorial r.

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variegated garden s. garden s. viridis Sambucus S. s. leucophylla S. Mexican bush s. purple sage baby sage garden sage. purple variegated garden s. elegans S. golden g. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. sclarea S. osier goat willow. involucrata S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. clary annual clary elder. American e. purple g. bloodroot red puccoon. clevelandii S. caerula S. canadensis willow. microphylla S. leucantha S. s. elderberry American e. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. argentea S. caprea Salvia S. bloodroot rue . greggii S. guaranitica S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. pussy willow sage. gray sage. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S.

telephium Sempervivum S. Mary's t. orpine donkey's tail orpine. atropurpurea Sedum S. hen-and-chickens.Sanguisorba S. good-luck plant. officinalis Sassafras S. blessed t. melongena var. old-man-and-woman holy thistle.. devil's tongue. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. virens Saponaria S. albidum Satureja S. live-forever houseleek. roof h. hemp plant snake plant. neapolitana S. live-forever houseleek. skirret potato vine eggplant. hortensis S. sweet s. pinnata S. jasminoides S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious... canadensis Sansevieria S. trifasciata Santolina S. mad apple . morganianum S. tectorum Silybum S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. pincushion flower pincushions. milk t. sisarum Solanum S. marianum Sium S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. mourning-bride stonecrop. St. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory.. lucky plant.

Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. woundwort lamb's-ears.. reticulata var. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. byzantina S. lilac . grandiflora S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. officinale Syringa S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. lutea Stokesia S. laevis Symphytum S. big m. × persica var. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. officinale S. erecta marigold African m. hedge nettle. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. americana Stachys S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. Aztec m. laciniata Persian lilac S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g.. californica Sorbaria S. vulgaris 'Addie V. patula melongene. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T.

carnosus T. procumbent g. sweet mace French m. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. wood sage germander dwarf. upright y. crispum Taraxacum T. yew conical y. canadense T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T.. . fruticans T.. officinale Taxus T. marum Thuja T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t.T. dwarf m. occidentalis Thymus T. signet m. germander American g. lemon t. dense y. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. 'Argenteus' T. filifolia T. vulgare T. tansy tansy. culinary golden lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. vulgare var.. lucida T. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. columnar y.

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caraway t.. t. serpyllum T. nitidus T. pallasianus T. nummularius T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. romero clover red clover star jasmine. jasminoides Tragopogon T. praecox T. herba-barona T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. lemon t. odorus t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. praecox subsp. zygis Torenia T. leucotrichus T. pratensis Trichostema T. lanatum Trifolium T. . wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. woolly thyme creeping t. not culinary French t. glabrescens T. creeping t. wishbone flower. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. richardii subsp. doerfleri T. confederatej. crimson c. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. red c. t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T..

minus Tsuga T. speedwell.. squill. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. 'General de Wet' T. pale yellow Darwin t. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. red s. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. olympicum V. clusiana T. angustifolium var. cranberry. kaufmanniana T. huckleberry. tawny orange t. early. water-lily t. serpyllifolia nasturtium. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. velvet p. farfara U Urginea U. flannel plant. thapsus Veronica V. Indian cress dwarf n.. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. tall n. majus T. officinalis Verbascum V. 'Blizzard' T. maritima Urtica U. tarda T. mullein mullein. 'Sweet Harmony' T. . species t. blueberry.Tropaeolum T. nettle stinging n. dioica V Vaccinium V. canadensis Tulipa T. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. officinalis V. blattaria V. bitter Indian garden n. laevifolium Valeriana V.

running m.Vetiveria V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. arrowwood. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. nannyberry. tricolor V. zizanioides Viburnum V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. sheepberry. lutea 'Splendens' V. cassinoides V.. minor Viola V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. × wittrockiana Vitis V. lesser p. carlesii V. withe-rod vetiver. prunifolium Vinca V. myrtle. canina V. maple-leaved viburnum. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. possum haw . wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up... violet dog violet horned v. sweet h. heartsease pansy. khus-khus. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. acerifolium V. odorata V. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. heartsease. ladies-delight. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X.

officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. Canton g. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger.

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