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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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Page v

To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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Page vii

CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. This was not to be. alterations. seven years ago. and the experience provided the final section of the book. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. responded with delight. more of them exist to serve as examples. and the publisher. Ginny had done some writing. and record every detailall of the failures. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. with sparkling enthusiasm. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. Their energy and charm caught me up. Then. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. punching. The turning point came when. especially poetry. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. wheedling. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. carefully chosen. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. whether all their labor was to no avail. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. successes. and I have had the pleasure of advising. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. build it. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . for they had no model and no guide. With false starts and honest stops. Again they revised. bereft of hope. pushing. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. It needs no sequel. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. This they did. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch.

former generic names. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. although countless common names exist. Likewise. the authors. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. We. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. degree of maintenance required. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. and these are capitalizedfor example. A range of essential factors is considered herein. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. To achieve this. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. we completed a test garden. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Some of these were created by landscape architects. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. The herb garden designs alone.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. or by contributors. historical interest. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Italics are always used for botanical names. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. while others were prepared by landscape designers. specialty. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. by their owners. rather." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. English thyme. and educational purpose. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. without accompanying commentary. 1969 and 1980. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. . Not all plants used are herbs. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner.

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and Rexford Talbert. president. Alexander Apanius. as expediter and typist. Eleanor Gambee. has given us valuable information. Weatherhead. Rady. and August Frugé. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Herbert J. and Elizabeth Bryce. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. She has served. and Joanna Reed. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. past presidents. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. and the horticulturist. Isaacson. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. A lecturer on herbs. Nell Neff. which made possible the completion of our text. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . His assistant. We are grateful to many. Swanson and Robert B. Trudi Bela. former director of same. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Susan Frugé. Special thanks are due James C. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us.D. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. The late Raymond C. has been especially helpful over the years. Finally. FAITH H. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. Genevieve Jyurovat. Derthick. Alice Skelsey.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. librarian. M. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. always encouraging us to stay with our project. have also been of assistance. former managing editors. Keebler and the late Everest P. Jo Lohmolder.. Recognition is due Robert B. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Betty Rea. too. Wanda Ritchie. Lee Buss. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Richard T.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

Its interest is independent of flowers. and decisions must not be left to chance. not at all difficult to maintain. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. As Henry Beston reflects. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. lay out a plan of the property. partially excavated area. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. to increase the value of the property. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. and hedges will have been located. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. some of which are evergreen. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. "Not difficult to plan. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. If no . its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other." A good design does not "happen. and structures. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. fences. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. a front dooryard. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. In order to create a fine garden design. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. As one constantly reinforces the other. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. new ways of seeing. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. temples of worship.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Perennial herbs. or an abandoned. new plants. the north point will have been indicated.

which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. fences. measurements are in engineer's scale. and hedges. < previous page page_2 next page > . Here.

Other areas may require a smaller scale. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. In this example. other significant structures. measure to locate the house. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. to locate the house. such as the one illustrated here. Here. too. A deed description. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. but with all needed information. too. will give the lot or acreage measurements. The object is to . To determine the distance between the house and lot line. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. Next.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. In the absence of a survey map. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. and the driveway. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing.

triangleof inexpensive plastic.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. < previous page page_3 next page > . graph paperfor use under tracing paper. enclosures. shrubs. paths. driveway. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. and unusual land features noted. lines at an angle. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. The smaller the scale. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. The tools needed for drawing are few. and parallel lines. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges.

garage. and stone. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. greenhouse. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. With the plan on paper. In the designs that follow. yew. gazebo. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. old smokehouse. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. However. bayberry. iron. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . must be included in assessing maintenance demands. In some cases. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. brick. and holly. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. and hedges of hemlock. or summer kitchen is ideal. A toolhouse. One basic rule is the higher the wall. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. Upkeep. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. In the absence of a structure. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project.

along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.

the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. for reinforcing the design. If used. or. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Equally important is proportion. Gates are part of the enclosure. the garden design is most attractive. gray surfaces are found. Stained. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. used for dry wall or masonry construction. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. In some climates. holly. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. When this reinforcement is understated. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Stone. Rosemary.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. Where air circulation is much needed. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. cut stones. they can be made to order. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. railroad ties. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. yew. too. . Generally. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Allow adequate room within the row. When used with a hedge. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Styles are legion. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. but the results will confirm this course. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. For example. it will seem too sparsely planted. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. At first. painted. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. landscape timbers. bricks. box. a temporary garden that may be changed later. some deciduous and some evergreen. or pressure-treated lumber. as an example. whether it will be rocks. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. for example. and their styles are countless. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. annual painting is a necessity. and rosemary. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. elegant box. however. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. or natural. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. Lower cost is an advantage. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. Whatever the reason. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. If desired. such as bayberry. deeply evergreen. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. as in outdoor room dividers. Brick is the all-time favorite material. so give them much thought. if wood is the material of choice.

the steps created will be forever an annoyance. Conversely. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. there is a necessary. awkward and unsafe.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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If groups are walking through. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. appearance. or red. A width of four feet allows room for turning. rosy pink. making the design more evident. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Paths must be ample. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. and maintenance. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. . Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. however. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. their use no less than comfortable. Access paths. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Choose the path material equally for comfort. There are. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Step materials need not be the same as. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. the greater the tread. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. because they are just that. cost. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. The colors are various: terracotta. too. but should be compatible with. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. for example. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. It is a general rule that the less the riser. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side.

in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern.

lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. shad Malus coronaria. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. If the garden is made up of separate beds. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. or trees to be considered. When they mature. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. With these recommendations in mind. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana. They are easily renewed as they break down. serviceberry. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. a soft-lead pencil in hand. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. bark or pine needles can be used. too. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. they should not shade the herbs too much. is an enjoyable experience. a result being hazardous footing. prepare a planting plan for each. This. and many good references are available. shrubs. witch hazel Lindera benzoin.) To avoid having a slippery surface.

or whatever is best in your case. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. 'Mount Hood daff. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. noting well their growth habits. one-half inch equals one foot. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. whether they are invasive or tall growing. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. Do use a soft-lead pencil. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. such as the one illustrated here. a focal point is customarily used. Artifacts As with other gardens. it is easily read and easily erased. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. for example. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. too. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. lemon thyme. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. however. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. It needs. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Sept. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Often this center of interest is a sundial. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . for example.

Again. It is then in scale with its frame. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. If a statue less than life-size is used.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. < previous page page_9 next page > . It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. the height of a fence to the house. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. a niche of its own should be created.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

a stylized drawing of an ovary. For easy reference. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . the designs have a decorative north point.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. that of good proportion. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. Except for two. However.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

summer 23. dill cerasiforme. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Satureja montana. Foeniculum vulgare. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. A. lemon balm . The first number in each planting area is the key number. With color and texture considered for contrast. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. 22. arcticus 27. Lavenders accent the front corners. lemon 15. sweet 25. 26.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. 5.Melissa officinalis. lovage 17. 21.L. 16. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. rose 24. fennel 2. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 6. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Lobularia maritima.Lavandula savory angustifolia. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it.Satureja hortensis. which is used here in relation to a garage. 4. 14. bee balm 13.Viola tricolor. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Pelargonium graveolens. a fence. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.A. 7. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 1. Landscape Architect. or other structure.Galium odoratum. 3. salad burnet 12. sativa. The rules of symmetry are observed.Allium 11.Origanum majorana.S.Ocimum basilicum. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Poterium sanguisorba.

19. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Porrum Group.Origanum heracleoticum. costmary 'Albus'. leek 9.Allium oregano ampeloprasum.Salvia officinalis. Pelargonium × limoneum. dwarf garden 20. chive 18.Petroselinum crispum var. curly parsley 10. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.8. Chrysanthemum balsamita. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. Greek 28.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.

Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. fennel English lavender geranium 4. 17. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. perhaps overgrown with weeds. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. curly parsley sativa. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. bush basil 3.Rosmarinus officinalis. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Aloysia triphylla. white 20. 18. summer 10.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. . This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 1. 12. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. as was done here. rose 19.Poterium sanguisorba. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb.Satureja hortensis.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium tomentosum.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Pelargonium graveolens. 13.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. 9. French tarragon 2.Monarda didyma. Petroselinum crispum var. lemon verbena 21. 11.Artemisia dracunculus var.

Rosa eglanteria. English thyme dill 8. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. English'. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Heliotropium arborescens. eglantine 23. 14. 16.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Galium odoratum.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.salad burnet 6.Origanum majorana.Thymus × citriodorus. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .

The image would soon give way to other considerations. making the beds larger and the paths wider. sativa. however. summer savory 11. English thyme Greek oregano 4. however.S. A.Thymus × citriodorus. 13. The number in each planting area is the key number.Taxus cuspidata.Artemisia dracunculus var. Even in limited space. Origanum majorana.Mentha spicata.Satureja hortensis. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. garden sage 8. The garden is conveniently located.Poterium sanguisorba.Petroselinum crispum. salad burnet 14. 7.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.L. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Chionanthus virginicus. spearmint 16.Salvia officinalis. sweet marjoram 3. Then the design might need to be expanded. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Japanese yew 17. lovage 15. Origanum heracleoticum. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. lemon thyme 10. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed.Allium schoenoprasum. and the plan could be used at a front door. dill 2. parsley 5.A. . 1. still observing a scale. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs.Levisticum officinale.

Tropaeolum majus.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .6. sweet basil chive 12.

fraxinella 15. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 13.Artemisia dracunculus var. summer 21.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. fennel 19. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. 31. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Primula vulgaris.Humulus lupulus. 1.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina chamaecyparissus. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. 9. blue lungwort 26.Asarum canadense.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen .Osmunda cinnamomea. cinnamon fern 4. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 25. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. hop sativa. This is an intimate garden.Allium ampeloprasum. Landscape Architect. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.L. The number in each planting area is the key number. Viola odorata. 18.Origanum majorana. The long. 8. Monarda didyma. Dictamnus albus.Pulmonaria officinalis. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. salad 20. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. wild ginger 27. the challenge is obvious. yellow 29. 30. Christmas fern 5. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. 6. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Digitalis grandiflora. 32.Polemonium reptans.S.Stachys byzantina. 7. lavender marjoram 2.Teucrium chamaedrys. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. sweet violet 16. lemon thyme 28. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. garden sage 17. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. 33. Jacob's-ladder 3.A.Convallaria majalis. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. bee balm 14. A. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Polystichum acrostichoides.

Tsuga canadensis. Canada hemlock Standard'. sweet 34.lilac 10.savory germander Willmott'. 35.Sorbus americana. yellow bedstraw 23. winter savory 24.Galium odoratum.Satureja montana. French thyme woodruff koreana.Buxus microphylla var. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Galium verum. curly parsley mountain ash 12. crispum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. French'.Korean box 11.Petroselinum crispum var.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.

Italian parsley . it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. Even so. garden sage 20. lemon verbena 2. 1.Origanum heracleoticum. It is a pleasing. dill 10. French Greek oregano sorrel 11." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. this design can be an inspiration. Surprisingly. This necessarily limited the size of the garden.Aloysia triphylla. One of the beds. neapolitanum. devoted to a "yearly surprise. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. geometric design. 19. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.Petroselinum crispum var. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. To be placed near the kitchen.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Rumex scutatus.Salvia officinalis. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. it became part of the patio.

chive 25.Borago officinalis. curly parsley 22.Allium schoenoprasum. salad 15. summer savory 23. chervil marjoram 21. winter savory 24. sweet 18.Ocimum basilicum.Petroselinum crispum var. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. Alpine strawberry 7.Satureja hortensis. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > . basil sativa.Poterium sanguisorba. lemon balm cicely 6. sweet 13.Allium cepa Aggregatum group. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum 12. borage 'Purpurascens'.Anthriscus cerefolium. purple basil 4.3.Myrrhis odorata.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet 14.Origanum majorana.Allium tuberosum. lemon basil 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Melissa officinalis. garlic chive 26.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.Satureja montana. crispum. 16.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. English thyme bush basil 8.17.

As a whole. blue 22. 19.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. Created in an orderly way. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 14.Hyssopus officinalis. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Lavandula angustifolia. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. so. the work paths could be eliminated. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. lamb's-ears 20. it is an unusual. English thyme lemon thyme 11. sweet 13. too. To increase the planting area.C.Myrrhis odorata.Santolina virens. geometric design.Satureja montana. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind.Stachys byzantina. green santolina 12. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. scented-leaf geranium 2.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. purple basil 4.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. gray .Galium odoratum. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. The center beds here were established in this way. sweet cicely 23. it is full of interesting angles. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. 1. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. winter 21.Pelargonium in variety. rosemary 3. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. English lavender 10. D.Rosmarinus officinalis.

horehound24.Ilex opaca. germander 16.Marrubium vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. classic myrtle 9.Salvia officinalis. French thyme santolina 15.6.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Myrtus communis. clove pink 7. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . camphor-scented wormwood 8.Dianthus caryophyllus. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia camphorata. 25.

purple basil 3.Santolina chamaecyparissus. pot marigold 24. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary 15. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Melissa officinalis.Satureja montana. Lavandula angustifolia.Borago officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. blue hyssop 2. 1. arcticus 21.Calendula officinalis. tansy 25. This center of interest is of particular note. sativa. Achillea millefolium. gray santolina 13.Artemisia dracunculus var. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. absinthe 26.Thymus praecox subsp. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Hyssopus officinalis. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. French tarragon 14.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. Its arrow points north and. borage 23.Chamaemelum . Galium odoratum. sweet basil 4. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. yarrow 12.Artemisia absinthium. this herb garden is secluded. Ocimum basilicum. Coix lacryma-jobi. too. winter savory 16. lemon balm 22. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected.Rosmarinus officinalis. Sometimes space is limited. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. which adds its impression of warmth. Job's tears 11. sweet woodruff 5. casts the shadow for the hour. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. English lavender 6.

Origanum majorana.7.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . white creeping thyme nobile. garden sage 19.Origanum vulgare.Carya illinoinensis. chamomile 17. pineapplescented sage 9.Syringa. chive 18. costmary 'Albus'.Pelargonium in variety. scented-leaf 27. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Symphytum officinale. Salvia officinalis. variegated garden sage 8. wild marjoram 28. sweet 29.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. Salvia elegans. marjoram pecan 10. comfrey20.

Salvia officinalis. 29. 7.Ipomoea alba. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. blue 23.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon balm 35.Apium graveolens. 19. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.Pelargonium × limoneum. sunken into the ground.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. for example lemon balm and spearmint. 6. 1. dill 20. 18. rue 31. sweet 34. 30. 3.Satureja hortensis. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive. lovage 22. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. rose geranium 2. garlic Levisticum officinale. French sorrel 21.Pelargonium graveolens. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best.Myrrhis odorata. When controlled in this way. sativa.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. Anthriscus cerefolium. The more invasive ones. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 4.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. 36.Origanum majorana. hyssop Meyer lemon . horehound 33.Marrubium vulgare. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them.Teucrium chamaedrys. 5.Allium sativum. chervil 15. summer 32. parsley 17.Galium odoratum. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Ruta graveolens. 8. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 9. true ginger16. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet cicely 37. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens.

Thymus × citriodorus. salad burnet 25.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet basil 38.Ocimum basilicum. English thyme 26.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. Japanese yew 39.10. bush basil 14. lemonthyme 28. spearmint 27. French thyme 24. Greek oregano 12.Tropaeolum minus. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . dwarf nasturtium 13.Mentha spicata.Magnolia virginiana. lemon verbena 11.Poterium sanguisorba.Origanum heracleoticum.

"Simplify. < previous page page_22 next page > . the insect-repellent pennyroyal. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. however. simplify!." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. a quick way to ensure good drainage.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. whatever the reason. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. but. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

dill 13.Rosmarinus officinalis. bee balm 19. parsley 2.Artemisia absinthium. French tarragon 5.Satureja hortensis. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. 14. aloe Grossum Group.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 17. spearmint 21. 18.Mentha spicata. 12.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1.Melissa officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha x piperita. summer basil savory 7.Hedeoma pulegioides. peppermint 23.Monarda didyma. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Impatiens capensis. balm sativa.Allium fistulosum. tomato American pennyroyal 4. garden sage 3.Lindera benzoin. lettuce 10. 16. spicebush absinthe French'.Lactuca sativa. arcticus. sweet 15.Ruta graveolens.Capsicum frutescens. jewelweed24. tansy 11.Petroselinum crispum.Aloe barbadensis.Galium odoratum. lemon 22. rue 20. 26.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. bell pepper 6. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 25.Origanum majorana.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

Perovskia abrotanoides. encloses this plan.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. horizontally laid bluestone. faced and capped with random. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. 8. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 14. French thyme 2. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. . The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Pelargonium in variety. Russian 13. too. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. germander 7. A low wall of brick. Thymus praecox subsp.

blue 11.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 5.Campsis radicans. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Melissa officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.-John'swort 17.Santolina neapolitana 4.Thymus praecox subsp.Viburnum cassinoides. lemon balm hyssop 12. St. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . lemon thyme 10. witch hazel 18. trumpet vine 16. crimson creeping thyme 9. Thymus × citriodorus.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. lavender 3.Galium odoratum.angustifolia. lady's6. arcticus 'Albus'.Hamamelis virginiana.

a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. the shrubsyew. box. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. lilac. Although this is not a large garden. < previous page page_28 next page > . bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. However. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. Germander is a proper edging here. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. holly.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. however. It is. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

Santolina virens. alpine strawberry 8. crimson creeping thyme 31.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. lady's. white hyssop 4.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'.20.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'.Artemisia frigida. Mentha requienii. Myrrhis odorata.Myrtus communis. sweet violet 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus. white creeping thyme 37. prostrate rosemary 13.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. 21. mint silver mound artemisia 25. cottage pink 2.Borago officinalis.Artemisia camphorata. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina pinnata 34.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. Thymus praecox subsp. 12.Syringa patula. 32.Iris cristata.Stachys byzantina. arcticus 'Albus'. gray sage savory 14. lilac 45. dwarf privet 48.Chrysanthemum coccineum.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Dictamnus albus. arcticus 'Coccineus'. winter 29. lavender 22.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Comptonia peregrina.Teucrium chamaedrys. green 27.Chamaemelum nobile. Japanese yew 44.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. red creeping thyme 10.Thymus praecox subsp. orris 38. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. dwarf crested iris 39. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. florentina. Heliotropium arborescens. 23. germander 36. 18.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. fraxinella 33. sweet albula.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. clary 30. woolly thyme 7.Ruta graveolens.Salvia leucophylla.Iris × germanica var. fringed wormwood 16. Japanese holly 47.Satureja montana. Alchemilla vulgaris.Cytisus supinus. dwarf box 41. columnal yew 43. santolina alpine pink 28.Salvia sclarea. rue 6. broom 40. Simkins'. 26. Viola odorata.Eloise & Jo Ray. blue horehound hyssop 3. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . Corsican 24. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 9. 1.Hyssopus officinalis. Thymus praecox subsp. mantle chamomile 5. Marrubium vulgare. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Anemone pulsatilla. lamb'sears 35.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. classic myrtle 15. Japanese holly 42.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet cicely17.

allowing adequate access to the lawn area. This hedge. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. < previous page page_30 next page > . The varied shapes of the beds add interest. as is true here in the vegetable garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. while adding to the enclosure of the area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. and one has an inset for a garden seat. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The direction a path takes can add interest. Other paths are brick. and a vegetable garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. a running bond pattern. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. a cutting garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. the center of interest for the herb garden. an herb garden. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden.

A. Landscape Architect. . A.S.L.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.

lamb's-ears 49. green santolina 42.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. cottage pink French'. yellow 24.The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil Japanese holly 17.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. York-andLancaster rose 16. white 'Bouquet'.Salvia sclarea.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon 29. 55. blue hyssop 43.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. dill wishbone flower 5. columbine dwarf marigold 6. French thyme 7. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. verbena rose chive 11. 32. plantain lily 2. lemon thyme 40.Lilium candidum. sweet marjoram 45. 53.Hemerocallis × luteola. statice Solemacher'. 37.Ocimum basilicum 54. helenium 4.Helleborus niger. 1.Ribes alpinum. candytuft Standard'.Artemisia dracunculus var. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Satureja montana. garden sage 56.Teucrium chamaedrys. Anethum graveolens 23.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. Campanula persicifolia. winter savory 44. 14. bush basil 41. germander 39.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Galium odoratum.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Santolina virens. French tarragon 8. blue iris 9. summer 34.Salvia officinalis.Polystichum acrostichoides.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. Louise'. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. Dictamnus albus.Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Origanum majorana. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. 52. Stokes' aster 31.Origanum heracleoticum. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Digitalis grandiflora. blue 27. sweet 51.Pelargonium in variety.Limonium latifolium.Thymus × citriodorus. Achillea taygetea. pale 28. double white peony of-Persia 12. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. 22.Satureja hortensis. Christmas 48. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. clary 46. starsMaxima'. 47. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. Aquilegia chrysantha. alpine strawberry 3.Stokesia laevis.Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Hyssopus officinalis. fraxinella 26.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Stachys byzantina.Magnolia virginiana.Aloysia triphylla. yellow epimedium 15. sativa. yellow 35.Allium christophii.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . 50. lavender 18. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.

The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. a retaining wall or walls are needed. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. as in this case. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. < previous page page_32 next page > . The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. While serving as a soil retainer. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area.

Landscape Architect.Tanacetum vulgare var.Aloysia triphylla.Iris pseudacorus.Solanum pseudocapsicum. bee balm 24. sweet 23. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.A.Viola odorata. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2.Alchemilla vulgaris. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3. lemon 22. Monarda didyma.Iris cristata.R. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. crispum. 21. Borago officinalis.Galium odoratum. borage 26.45.Lavandula angustifolia. . The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon verbena 46.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.Thymus × citriodorus. F. Stachys byzantina. lamb's25.Allium schoenoprasum. 42. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. lady's43. English 44.Mentha spicata. Melissa officinalis. Ocimum basilicum.A. spearmint 41. 1.

garden sage 36. rosemary 9.Dianthus caryophyllus. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. Proliferum Group.Allium tuberosum.Mentha pulegium. Porrum Group.Verbascum thapsus.Origanum heracleoticum.Ruta graveolens. Ajuga reptans. 40. absinthe English thyme 27. mullein chive 47. pennyroyal 54. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia officinalis. Poterium sanguisorba.7. savory sativa. curly parsley oak 17.Mentha × piperita var. myrtle 58. post crispum 'Banquet'. garlic chive 48. 56. southernwood 31.Rosa × rehderana.Artemisia absinthium.Vinca minor. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. flowering dogwood 15.Nepeta cataria. clove 55.Capsicum frutescens. 33.Allium ampeloprasum.Elaeagnus pungens. French tarragon holly 13. curly mint 30. catnip 50.Cornus florida.Petroselinum crispum var. dill 34.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Cassia marilandica. salad burnet 10.Artemisia dracunculus var. leek 49. summer 32. pineapple38.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Foeniculum vulgare. fennel 35. 57. sweet marjoram 28.Origanum majorana. pink hawthorn 16. wild 39. carpet bugleweed 8.Allium sativum. Greek 53. orange mint 29. citrata. 52. 37. Egyptian onion 11.Anethum graveolens. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. horehound neapolitanum. tabasco senna pepper 20.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia elegans.Satureja hortensis.Marrubium vulgare. rue 51.Allium cepa.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. polyantha rose 12.Crataegus arkansana.Quercus stellata.

mothproofing bags. and vinegars. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. sleep pillows. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. However. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. Although this is a northeast exposure. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. < previous page page_34 next page > . Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.

curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. bay 48. Petroselinum crispum var.Allium schoenoprasum. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Salvia oficinalis.Salvia officinalis. garden 'Purpurascens'.Galium odoratum.Allium moly. crispum. tansy 16.Iris × germanica var. sativa.Allium sativum var. 24. Artemisia pontica. lettuce in variety 25. 50.Mentha spicata. purple basil sage 11. bee balm 30.Satureja montana. nutmeg geranium 39. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. dwarf nasturtium 37. orris 17. Ruta graveolens. round-headed garlic 46. 19.Artemisia abrotanum. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Pelargonium graveolens. anise hyssop 14. 'President Poincare'. blue hyssop 35.Calendula officinalis. Roman 20. burnet lovage 6. French tarragon 10. florentina.Agastache foeniculum. 1. 23.Thuja occidentalis. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Allium pulchellum 47. chive 43.Valeriana officinalis. Poterium sanguisorba. winter 29. lavender 7. pot 28. Hallock'. 21. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia dracunculus var.The number in each planting area is the key number. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Aloysia triphylla.Pelargonium fragrans. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. Thymus × citriodorus. 49. garden sage 2.Monarda didyma.Tropaeolum minus. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . lemon verbena 36. Proliferum Group.Tsuga canadensis. lilac 32. daylily in variety 41. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. salad 22.Ocimum basilicum 27.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Melissa officinalis. lemon 18.Levisticum officinale.Alchemilla vulgaris.Hemerocallis. lemon 31. southernwood 9. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Pelargonium × limoneum.Allium cepa. Lactuca.Allium sphaerocephalum.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Rumex scutatus.Pelargonium tomentosum. lily leek 44. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 'Monge'.Hyssopus officinalis . marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. balm valerian 15. rue 26. Egyptian onion 42.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. costmary 5.Salvia elegans.Laurus nobilis. peppermint geranium 40.Tanacetum vulgare. French gray santolina sorrel 8.

is the focus of the middle level. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. < previous page page_36 next page > . with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. Invasive.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout.

Marrubium vulgare. dwarf winter savory 2. pineapple mint 22. French tarragon 44. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'.Satureja hortensis. Digitalis purpurea. valerian 5. salad burnet 23. Valeriana officinalis. 1.Foeniculum vulgare.Armeria maritima.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda didyma.Poterium sanguisorba. thyme 3. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. bee balm 26. pineapplescented sage 47. sativa. foxglove 4.Artemisia dracunculus var. golden thyme . fennel 25. Satureja montana 'Nana'. houseleek 45.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. horehound 46. white thrift 24. summer savory 43.Salvia elegans.Sempervivum tectorum.

Origanum majorana. 33.Galium odoratum.Foeniculum vulgare.Lavandula angustifolia.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Echium vulgare. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. Dictamnus albus. clary 48. 54.Laurus nobilis.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Salvia viridis. English 52.Helleborus niger. Salvia sclarea. sweet 50. 40.Ruta graveolens.Myrrhis odorata. 30.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'.Lilium candidum. rosemary 28.Helleborus orientalis. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. pink 59.Agrimonia eupatoria. pot 35. sweet basil sage 27. feverfew climbing rose 16.Artemisia absinthium.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. 38.Symphytum officinale. white creeping thyme aconite 14.Anemone pulsatilla.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 55. French'. white 58. annual clary 51. China rose comfrey 19.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Calendula officinalis. sweet 37.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. Madonna cicely lily 12.6. parthenium.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. Isatis tinctoria. lavender Christmas rose 11. fraxinella 8.Alchemilla vulgaris. garden 42. blue hyssop 57.Chrysanthemum 36. rue 31. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. angelica Lenten rose 10. germander 56. absinthe 53.Rosa chinensis.Teucrium chamaedrys. skirret 60.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Salvia officinalis. yellow 41. dwarf edging box 21.Eranthis hyemalis. dyer's woad 7.Ocimum basilicum.Crocus sativus.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Sium sisarum. 61.Rosa eglanteria. Angelica archangelica.Rosmarinus officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis. marigold chive 15.Levisticum officinale. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Galium verum. viper's 34. pink 62. 39. sweet 32. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.

and the shagbark hickory.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. There is variety in this plan. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Carya ovata. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. even though space is limited. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. < previous page page_38 next page > . However. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden.

< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Landscape Architect . Paxton.

green santolina Primula veris. Marrubium vulgare. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. Poterium sanguisorba. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. English ivy Buxus sempervirens.Arisaema triphyllum. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. flax Buxus sempervirens. sativa. germander Agastache foeniculum. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. stewardsonii. French Galium odoratum. Aloysia triphylla. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. box Buxus sempervirens. borage Petroselinum crispum. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. Canada Isatis tinctoria. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. rue Cornusflorida. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. Adiantum pedatum. box Carya ovata. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. Artemisia absinthium. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. angelica Mondarda didyma. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum.Galium verum. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. bee balm Melissa officinalis. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. Asarum canadense. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. red mint . cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. dogwood Salvia sclarea. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. citrata. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. sweet basil Satureja montana. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. valerian Rosa damascena. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. box Ruta graveolens. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. chive Ilex opaca. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. lamb's. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. too. For this appearance.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. A clump of birch here. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. However. this excavation. a dipping pool there. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. is on a sandy knoll. An informal. A singular statue of St. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. unplanned look was desired. < previous page page_40 next page > . it is open on the side facing the house.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. pineapple3.Lavandula angustifolia.Satureja montana. 34.Consolida orientalis. creeping juniper 26. 75. 69.Glechoma hederacea. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha suaveolens.The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum onites. 1. blue 2. 12. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Pelargonium crispum. Johnny-jump-up54. rue 29. 64.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Coriandrum sativum. lemon 35.Mentha × piperita.Petroselinum crispum. rose geranium 10. 30.Chrysanthemum 80.Urginea maritima.Pelargonium denticulatum.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. Rosmarinus officinalis 28. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15.Marrubium vulgare. 59.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 61. wild 43. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. sweet 71. woolly thyme 13.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 45.Origanum vulgare.Santolina florentina.Viola tricolor. 52. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 68.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Vinca minor.Levisticum officinale. 31. 60. wild 51.Digitalis purpurea. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. 74.Salvia officinalis. French'. chive crispum. 76.Mentha spicata. red mint 48.Poterium sanguisorba.Armeria maritima. sea onion angelica 24.Origanum majorana.Mentha pulegium.Myrrhis odorata. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'. 63.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. 65.Melissa officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 36. 8.Allium schoenoprasum. Thymus praecox subsp.Anthriscus cerefolium.Rosa 'Merry England'.Pelargonium quercifolium. 79.Thymus praecox subsp. lamb's-ears parsley 19.Hyssopus officinalis.Nepeta cataria.Anethum graveolens.Angelica archangelica. Thymus × citriodorus. myrtle 14. 38. Sempervivum tectorum. Iris × germanica var.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. peppermint 47.Pulmonaria officinalis. 70. catnip 73. thrift55.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'.Pelargonium graveolens.Monarda didyma. garden sage lungwort 57.Thymus herba-barona.Satureja hortensis. winter savory 20. 53. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. pennyroyal 46. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Salvia elegans. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Artemisia abrotanum.Teucrium canadense. pot 66.Pelargonium tomentosum. celandine cicely 18.Stachys byzantina. rose bergamot valerian 25.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. white birch English lavender parthenium.Digitalis grandiflora. 32. fern-leaf tansy 23. marsh 42.Tanacetum vulgare var. apple mint 49. 78.Achillea tomentosa. lemon balm 44. 58. golden 37. 'Prostratus'. feverfew 27.Chelidonium majus. purple basil 9.Chrysanthemum balsamita. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. gray scented sage santolina 4. orange geranium 11.Allium favum lovage 22. 77.Convallaria majalis. 72. 67.Valeriana officinalis.Althaea officinalis. mint 50.Monarda fistulosa.Mentha × gentilis. Ruta graveolens. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 33. orris chamaecyparissus.Ajuga reptans. bee balm .Betula papyrifera.

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Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. making it more a part of the herb garden. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. is used for the wall. and the two small trees. Because of the edging box. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Foundation stone. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. < previous page page_42 next page > . and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. the same as the smokehouse construction. the accents of the six large box. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. They are clustered around the smokehouse.

Landscape Architect.L. A.S. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.A.

27. pineapple mint 18. purple basil sativa. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Mentha × piperita. lovage 46. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Ocimum basilicum 30.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. sweet marjoram 2.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. fringed 43.Angelica archangelica. Symphytum officinale.Alchemilla vulgaris.Fritillaria imperialis.Prunus domestica. bee balm 29. sweet 37. species in variety crispum. box 'Citriodorum'. 41.Mentha spicata. English 'Minimum'. lemon basil 15. balsamita.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Buxus sempervirens.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.Ocimum basilicum. Origanum majorana. Dictamnus albus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum 32.Lilium candidum. 44.Allium giganteum. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. balm citrata. Rosmarinus officinalis. 22.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia dracunculus var.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. white 23.Viola tricolor.38.Crocus. 40. verbena English thyme 5. rosemary 3. Pelargonium graveolens. sweet 26.Allium schoenoprasum. 47. crownbasil savory imperial 11. chive comfrey curly mint 8. 'Purpurascens'. blue angelica lungwort 20.Myrrhis odorata. lemon 34.Aloysia triphylla. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. Corsican 33.Galium odoratum.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. winter 42.Levisticum officinale. spearmint 48.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia frigida. 31. European ginger 4. fraxinella 17. dwarf edging box 14. 1. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . sweet cicely45. Lavandula angustifolia. summer 25. 21. lady's. Asarum europaeum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Crataegus laevigata.Mentha requienii. 35.Chrysanthemum 28. Satureja hortensis. Ocimum basilicum 24. orange mint 19.Satureja montana. 39. lemon 36.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Mentha × piperita var. French tarragon ornamental onion 9.Tanacetum vulgare var.

< previous page page_44 next page > . too. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. the dwarf box edging. a soil retainer. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. The dipping bowl. two specimen shrubs. although it is ample at four feet. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. This is true also of the stone curbing. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. This hedge. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. pink of Dianthus. Instead. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Lowgrowing. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock.

< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.L.S.A. A. .

Helleborus lividus subsp. American 38. lemon 60. orange mint 8. winter savory 39. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.57.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. caraway thyme albus. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Crocus angustifolius.Narcissus triandrus var. Thymus doerfleri.The number in each planting area is the key number. 45. peppermint water-lily tulip 9. 51.Mentha × piperita. spearmint 48. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Nepeta mussinii.Pelargonium in variety. 50. white 42.Myrica pensylvanica.Leucojum aestivum. arcticus 34.Hamamelis virginiana. angustifolia 'Nana'. lily. 61.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Galium odoratum. clary 32.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Madonna 63.Sternbergia lutea.Helleborus niger.Santolina virens.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'.Crocus tomasinianus. Santolina chamaecyparissus. arcticus 30. gray 22.Lilium candidum. catmint 35. lamb's-ears 28.Narcissus asturiensis.Convallaria majalis.Mentha spicata. angel's-tears 59. 44. black cohosh windflower 15. rue25.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Anemone blanda. sweet 47.Galanthus nivalis. 1. 'Lanuginosus'. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. borage 31. Stachys byzantina. verbena snowflake 19. 2. Origanum majorana.Angelica archangelica. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Heliotropium arborescens. golden thyme41.Ocimum basilicum. 43.Thymus herba-barona.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 54. 56. 52. 17. 53.Aloysia triphylla.Dicentra spectabilis.Thymus × citriodorus. 36.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 20.Borago officinalis. sweet 27. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Allium christophii. 40.Crocus kotschyanus.Levisticum officinale. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Pelargonium in variety. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. Salvia officinalis.Salvia sclarea.Digitalis grandiflora. prostrate rosemary 18.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Cimicifuga racemosa.Satureja montana. 46.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 33. Compactus'. tulip citrata.Tulipa clusiana. sweet 55.Crocus speciosus.Teucrium canadense.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. marjoram crocus 7. green santolina 37.Mertensia virginica. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 26. Thymus praecox subsp.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Mentha × piperita var. 58. Spanish bluebell 16. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. thyme 29. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. 49. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .

Morning sun warms it early. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. very livable and profoundly satisfying. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Second. First. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. The results have been most satisfying. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house.

Crocus sieberi. Ocimum basilicum.Artemisia lactiflora.L. crocus 44. Artemisia absinthium 24. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. 'Lambrook Silver'. marigold 41.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. lemon 21. Landscape Architect.S.Tulipa tarda. The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia dracunculus var. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 1. French tarragon 5. wild celery 42.Salvia officinalis. 26. Origanum heracleoticum. garden sage 4. A. leek 46. Beauty'.Tagetes 'Lulu'. clary thyme 22. woolly thyme 3.Allium ampeloprasum. absinthe sativa.Apium graveolens. 25.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. sweet basil 23. Porrum Group.A. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. . English thyme 43. Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia sclarea.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. tulip 45. Thymus × citriodorus.Allium neapolitanum.

Allium schoenoprasum. alpine 28.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Tropaeolum minus. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Stachys byzantina. viola holly 18. green 40.Digitalis grandiflora.Aloysia triphylla.Nepeta × faassenii. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Ilex opaca.Ribes sativum. Lavandula angustifolia. American elderberry 15.Ipomoea alba. catmint 53. red currant gray santolina 13.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. white evergreen azalea 16. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. lemon 50.Levisticum officinale.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. lamb's-ears 52.Malus hupehensis.Aconitum napellus. 8. Robert verbena Brydon'. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. pale 49.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Achillea filipendula 60. 29. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. blue 38. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Santolina virens.Rosmarinus officinalis. Viola odorata. 39. butterfly 47.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. 56. monkshood upright yew 17. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Clematis 'Mrs.foxglove 7.Hyssopus officinalis. lobelia Sherbert'.Dianthus × allwoodii.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. American marjoram Yellow'. dogwood 19. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . 58.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Petroselinum crispum var. 32. fraxinella 36. clematis 11. pink 30. yellow 55.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. great 31. 54. curly parsley 20. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Cornus florida.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Galium mollugo. sweet 37.Artemisia camphorata.Asclepias tuberosa. weed chive 48.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'.Allium senescens var.Dictamnus albus.Origanum majorana. lovage 34.Lobelia siphilitica.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. an impression of Sol in it. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. The four herb beds. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. even though the growing area is not extensive. repeats again the octagonal form. Well-drained as they are. A birdbath of copper. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. are raised with bricks on edge.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

sweet basil 22.Mentha spicata. crispum.Aloysia triphylla. white creeping thyme 12.Lavandula dentata. dill 18. 19. catmint 6.Allium schoenoprasum. lemon 30. Galium odoratum. 29.Joan E.Rosmarinus officinalis. 27. lavender 15. orange santolina geranium 11. peppermint 4. variegated garden sage 37. curly parsley 32. sweet woodruff 9. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. Artemisia absinthium. 28. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Pelargonium denticulatum. purple variegated garden sage 36.Heliotropium arborescens.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Lavandula angustifolia. angustifolia. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Anethum graveolens. bush basil 23. 16. lamb's-ears 17. French 26.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. clary 21.Petroselinum crispum var. lemon 41.Ocimum basilicum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. 42.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Artemisia dracunculus var.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Nepeta mussinii. rosemary 33.Poterium sanguisorba. prostrate rosemary 34.Marrubium vulgare. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Ruta graveolens.Allium tuberosum. Semple.Thymus praecox subsp. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 43.Santolina 25. sativa. golden variegated garden sage 38. Artemisia abrotanum. rue 35.Thymus × citriodorus. 1. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. spearmint southernwood 5. heliotrope 31.Pelargonium tomentosum. thyme salad burnet 40. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Salvia officinalis. silver mound artemisia 8. curly mint 3.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium crispum. purple basil 24.Salvia sclarea.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Mentha × piperita. English thyme horehound 2. French tarragon 7. clove pink 10. Stachys byzantina. lavender pine geranium chive 13. absinthe 20.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon 39. gray 'Prince of Orange'.

A suitable fence. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. a toolhouse. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. rose. lemon verbena. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. < previous page page_52 next page > .< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. if neither is available. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. A birdbath may replace the pool. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. rose geranium. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. and lantana are a few. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

white creeping thyme 2. 13. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Heliotropium arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Artemisia absinthium 11. heliotrope 21.Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus. bush basil 5.L.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. gray santolina chamomile 14. lavender 3.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. A.A. lemon thyme 20. Landscape Architect.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Tanacetum vulgare var. woolly thyme 15.Thymus praecox subsp.Pelargonium frutetorum.Chamaemelum nobile. geranium 16. Thymus praecox subsp. 7. zonal geranium 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . arcticus 'Albus'. 1. The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. crispum.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'. rosescented geranium 17.Chenopodium botrys. green 12. 9.S.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'. absinthe 'Minimum'. fern-leaf tansy 8.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lemon 10. zonal geranium 19. verbena ambrosia 4.Aloysia triphylla.

a sundial. As the snows melt. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. a deep mauve to others. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Box and holly enclose it all. These can easily obliterate a design. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. but the design itself has endured forty years. the design is clearly traced. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. apothecary's rose. The dwarf box frames the focal point. Hyssop hedges define the circles. mints. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. box. artemisias. Angelica. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Pyrus communis.Artemisia camphorata.Sium sisarum.Valeriana officinalis.Sempervivum tectorum.Lamium album. sweet woodruff45.Thymus praecox subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Teucrium chamaedrys.Allium schoenoprasum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Taxus. 56.Syringa. gray 37. florentina. sweet 27. Satureja montana.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. Rosmarinus officinalis. crimson creeping thyme 18.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.47. Pelargonium in variety. white dead 49. dyer's woad 9.Lavandula angustifolia. southernwood 2.Artemisia absinthium. absinthe 34. French thyme Madonna lily 16. Graham.Tanacetum vulgare var.Vitis. arcticus 40.Arisaema dracontium. piney 44. 62. rosemary 25. arcticus 39. 59. 58. lady's-mantle 46. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Monarda fistulosa. winter savory 32.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. green santolina 24. weld 54. feverfew 14.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 1.James D. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . Dianthus caryophyllus. blue 50. bush basil nettle orpine 4.Alchemilla vulgaris.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Melissa officinalis.Helleborus niger. perilla 51. scented. houseleek Lenten rose 11. masterwort 69.Perillafrutescens. arcticus 38. yew Beauty'.63.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. nasturtium 28.Paeonia officinalis. Tropaeolum majus.Asarum europaeum. grape fennel 19. clove pink 29. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. butterfly weed35. marjoram lungwort crispum. orris box 22.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Alchemilla alpina. blue hyssop 42. 55. lilac 70. white 66. daffodil 17. rue 23.Iris × germanica var. thrift 41. Origanum majorana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. valerian 6.Origanum onites. wild 52.Foeniculum vulgare. germander 43. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. bronze 64. Santolina virens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Astrantia major.30.Symphytum officinale. white creeping thyme French'. fern-leaf tansy 5. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Galium odoratum. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina neapolitana 36. green. 48. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Hyssopus officinalis. 67.Lilium candidum.Asclepias tuberosa.Buxus sempervirens.Isatis tinctoria. lamb's-ears 33.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. orris 57. chamomile 31. dwarf edging box 21.Stachys byzantina. Chamaemelum nobile.Myrrhis odorata. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus. 26.Lavandula dentata.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Thymus praecox subsp.Sedum telephium. skirret 53. alpine 60. Canadian burnet 13. 'Albus'.Helleborus orientalis.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Armeria maritima.Reseda luteola. 65.

Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. Rosa 'Albertine'. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. with buds of red. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. They are small specialty beds. The brick edging around each bed is a help. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. include this one. In addition to the brick edging around each. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. If there is room for only one rambler rose. rising from the courtyard. but no panacea for the maintenance required. pink. The large. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. However. At the top of the steps. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. < previous page page_56 next page > . the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned.

caraway 24.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. lavender 4.Tanacetum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 22.Rheum rhabarbarum.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Satureja montana. 23. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Borago officinalis. winter savory 41. bush basil 43. Carum carvi. 1. Lavandula angustifolia.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. alpine strawberry 3.Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. angelica 20. tansy Bois'. rhubarb 2. foxglove 39. lemon balm 42.Melissa officinalis. subsp.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme . pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. garden sage 40. Angelica archangelica.

R. 56. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38.R.R.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. Irish-lace 48. French 33.Origanum majorana. pineapple34.Chrysanthemum balsamita. citrata. 'Frau Karl Druschki'. marguerite chive 9.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides.Pelargonium. thyme frutescens.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'. prostrate rosemary 16. 45. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Lavandula dentata. 49. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. rose 28. 35.Marrubium vulgare.Dianthus Victoria'. Hyssopus officinalis. geranium in 30. curly parsley 26.Calendula officinalis. clove pink Mammoth'.Anethum graveolens 47. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. Mexican tea 18.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.R.Laurus nobilis. blue hyssop 25.Petroselinum crispum var. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.R. sweet 37. centifolia. lemon 51.Chrysanthemum.Salvia elegans.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. muscosa 15.Poterium sanguisorba. Thymus 'Argenteus'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . cheddar pink 53. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8.'Baronne Prevost'.6. centifolia var.R. Consolida ambigua.Chenopodium 55.R. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.sativa.'Albertine'.Mentha × piperita var. centifolia 'Cristata'.Aloysia triphylla. var. musk rose 12. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Allium schoenoprasum.Chrysanthemum 46. Pelargonium graveolens.Tagetes filifolia. 29. salad 7. 54.Satureja hortensis. silver 27. 31. bourbon rose 10. pot 50. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Teucrium chamaedrys. 36. French'.Artemisia dracunculus 44.R.

It is near the house. as it should be. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. Balance is augmented. too. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Laid in an unusual pattern. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. < previous page page_58 next page > .

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

arcticus 'Albus'.Poterium sanguisorba. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . angustifolia 'Munstead'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. 21.Hyssopus officinalis.Myosotis sylvatica. Landscape Architect.Heliotropium arborescens.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. 24. lavender 2. sweet basil 14. chive lemon verbena 6. dwarf edging box 8.Santolina virens.L.Origanum majorana. 1. dill 9.Satureja hortensis.S.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.A.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Ocimum basilicum. white creeping thyme 4. 19. Rosmarinus officinalis. English'. English thyme signet marigold 11. gray 15. green 22. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. santolina moss rose 7.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The number in each planting area is the key number. 20. 17. A. 23.Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. blue hyssop 13. heliotrope 3.Aloysia triphylla.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. double white peony 5. 16. rosemary yellow viola 10.Salvia officinalis.

Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. and the grape arbor. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. The grape vines. < previous page page_60 next page > . and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. potted lemon verbena. too. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. the fence with roses. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. winter pruned. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. Herbs. and a comfortable. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

Amsonia tabernaemontana. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Iris cristata. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Valeriana officinalis. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. Althaea officinalis. 3. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. Galium odoratum. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. sweet climbing rose. Teucrium chamaedrys. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. conical yew rosemary 1. lemon Linum perenne. marsh climbing rose.Connecticut Vera Breed. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. BED II germander BED IV 2. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. Aloysia triphylla. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. three. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Nepeta mussinii. purple variegated garden sage 4. Stachys byzantina. lamb's-ears Santolina virens.

angustifolia 'Munstead'. Thymus × citriodorus. fairy rose Giant'. tuberosa 6. lemon Anemone hybrida. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. beach Marrubium vulgare. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. catmint 5. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . creeping thyme in variety 8. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. Thymus. plume Baptisia australis. Chamaemelum nobile.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Delphinium × belladonna. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 9. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. lavender 10. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. houseleek in variety 7. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Sempervivum. Nepeta tuberosa subsp.

Either it flourished too well. silver. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. planted in bands across these beds. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Herbs. Another angle could be tried with these. myrtle. Later. blue green. if desired. Ivy. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. magnolia. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. tend to broaden the width of the garden. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . and bright green in the herb beds. holly. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. this was replaced with ''edging" box. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. its detail is shown below.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. grew too large.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

Levisticum officinale. ears rose geranium 3. 6.Rumex scutatus.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia ludoviciana var. Ruta graveolens. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Origanum majorana. Ocimum basilicum 24. thyme 37. bayberry balm thyme 13. gray santolina 15.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. bay rosemary 12. English thyme chamomile 2.Satureja montana.Ilex opaca. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 25. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Monarda didyma. horehound germander 17. dwarf edging box 11.Thymus carnosus.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Laurus nobilis.Galium odoratum. myrtle 47.Thymus × citriodorus. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium.Buxus sempervirens 14. thyme 38.Mentha suaveolens. 44.Myrica pensylvanica.Mentha spicata. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'. woolly thyme 8.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis. lamb's. purple basil savory 35.Lavandula angustifolia.Marrubium vulgare.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. French thyme 39. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. American holly 31. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Pelargonium fragrans.Pelargonium × nervosum.19. 49. sweet 34. bee balm30. salad 43. French 27. 28. rue 20.Hedera helix.Vinca minor. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Artemisia abrotanum. purple garden sage 7. arcticus 'Albus'.Rosmarinus officinalis. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. lovage 48.Thymus praecox subsp. borage 26.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. Ocimum basilicum 22. 1. 'Minimum'. Tropaeolum minus. tansy 45. English ivy burnet 10.Magnolia grandiflora. lemon 46. dwarf 21.Poterium sanguisorba. spearmint 42. 33. lime geranium 4. box chamaecyparissus. bush basil albula.Thymus doerfleri.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Thymus herba-barona. winter 'Purpurascens'. caraway thyme 40. silver-king artemisia 23.Chamaemelum nobile. white creeping thyme 41. lemon 29.Teucrium chamaedrys. Borago officinalis. English'.Tanacetum vulgare. Stachys byzantina. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. sweet woodruff 36.

It is located for the best viewing. too. The four potted bay. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. adding to the space for walking. brick. accent this prime focal point even more. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. < previous page page_64 next page > . It is a large garden. too. standards. The use of flagstone. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. potted shrubs. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. Laurus nobilis. and treessome of which are espaliered. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. maypoles. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. There is variety in the walks. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each.

odoratissimum.P. 1.Chrysanthemum balsamita. love-in. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. 51. winter 27.P.Chenopodium botrys. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Johnny-jump. pot 52.50. wild 28.P.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.acerifolium. fragrans.quercifolium. musty oakscented geranium 5. lemon 29. apple English thyme up geranium 3. Thymus × citriodorus. 25. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.Nigella damascena. 26.P. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Calendula officinalis. 49. Satureja montana.P.Viola tricolor.53.

lemon geranium 56. 44.Marrubium vulgare. graveolens. Rosmarinus officinalis.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Poterium sanguisorba. crowfoot 70.Livingston'.Achilleafilipendula.Monarda didyma. 57. lettuce 40.Poncirus trifoliata.Thymus serpyllum.Tanacetum vulgare var. camphor-scented geranium 69.Salvia caerulea.Mentha pulegium. 62.Acorus calamus.P. rose geranium66.P.72. denticulatum 11. peppermint 67. salad 42.P. dill 36.P. horehound 46. box 19.P. crispum 'Minor'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Fragaria vesca. 41.Malus angustifolia.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. lemon balm 45. white sweet yarrow violet 13. lemon 65.P.Thymus praecox subsp. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Anethum graveolens. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14. rosemary 9.Artemisia abrotanum. orange geranium 23.Origanum dictamnus. radens. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59. lemon southernwood geranium 34. parsley 35. white creeping thyme geranium 68. classic 21. chamomile 8. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. sweet 37.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. denticulatum. lettuce 39. English lavender 32. bronze 38.P. blue hyssop 10.Forsythia.Viola odorata.Pelargonium crispum. fern-leaf 60. pheasant's.6.Melissa officinalis. 64. garden sage 54. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. strawberry 48.P. 71. cherry tomato chive 17. forsythia 'Albus'. golden lemon thyme 7. pine crispum. bee balm 63. tomentosum.Levisticum officinale.P. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. 58.Aloysia triphylla. radens 'Dr.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. crispum. lemon geranium 33.Lavandula angustifolia. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Allium senescens var.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Mentha. French tarragon Rose'.P. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. wild thyme 31.Foeniculum vulgare. Hyssopus officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. 61. Chamaemelum nobile.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.Malus. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Myrtus communis.Laurus nobilis.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. lemon 47.P. lime geranium 55.× nervosum.Artemisia dracunculus var. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > .Origanum majorana. bay 20. sweet flag 16.Petroselinum crispum. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. glutinosum. lemon-rose geranium 22.Salvia officinalis.P. arcticus43.

too. and Allium karataviense. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. This is a large garden by any standard. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. In keeping with this feeling. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. < previous page page_66 next page > . The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. The result is one of sculptured elegance. green santolina.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . green santolina 14.Hyssopus officinalis. Artemisia dracunculus var. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. 8.Foeniculum vulgare. dwarf garden 17.Allium sativa. French tarragon schoenoprasum. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Santolina virens.Artemisia frigida. apple mint 13. big blue lilyturf 12. lemon 11. Mentha suaveolens.Satureja montana.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. garden sage 18.Levisticum officinale. gray 10.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis. Baker.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium moly.Salvia officinalis. winter savory 9. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. 15.Liriope muscari.Thymus × citriodorus. blue hyssop 16.Allium christophii.Florence B. fringed 7. chive 4. wormwood fennel 2. arcticus.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. and the front porch of the house.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. < previous page page_70 next page > . The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Many herb gardens could provide this. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. for the box after new spring growth. the upper deck. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. the circle. the square. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

viola 3. Italian cypress 9. winter savory 4.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. chamomile 2. dwarf myrtle 6.Cupressus sempervirens.Cedrus deodara. dwarf edging box 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.The number in each planting area is the key number. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Satureja montana. 1. lavender 5.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. lemon 8.Chamaemelum nobile.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.

from Peter Coats.. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Paths are gravel. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. Roses. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. as it was with this plan. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Coin with Tudor rose design. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

Calendula officinalis.Viola odorata. 22.Bellis perennis.Primula vulgaris.The number in each planting area is the key number.Buxus sempervirens. chamomile 4.Poterium sanguisorba.Fragaria vesca. sweet marjoram 3. mallow 13. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Crithmum maritimum.Iris pseudacorus.Lilium candidum. Dianthus caryophyllus. 34. saffron lily crocus 12.Ruta graveolens. 1. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Melissa officinalis. spearmint 30. rosemary 16. Thymus serpyllum. sweet violet 6.Primula elatior. Foeniculum vulgare.Lactuca sativa. salad burnet 10. earth 24.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia. lemon balm 31. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . English daisy 36. Eryngium maritimum. Chamaemelum nobile. Hyssopus officinalis.Crocus sativus. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Carum carvi. lettuce 28. Origanum majorana. winter 32. parsley 29.Aconitum napellus.Viola tricolor. blue hyssop 2.Mentha × piperita.Fumaria officinalis. monkshood27. pot marigold 15.Anemone pulsatilla. yellow flag 26.Satureja montana. 25. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. clove20. fennel 21.Myrtus communis. Madonna 23. caraway 35. Malva sylvestris. absinthe peppermint 8. rue 33.Petroselinum crispum. 19.Mentha spicata. wild thyme 5. oxlip 17. classic myrtle 18.

However. silver mound. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. white blooms and woolly. its tufted. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. spurred. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. white. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn." Concrete blocks. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. along with a measure of fragrance. Selected for this reason. most of the blooms are nightscented. plumed. but Always Love.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day.

Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Stachys byzantina.Lilium candidum.Dictamnus albus. 1. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. silver 16. Thymus 'Argenteus'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. lamb's. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. silver mound artemisia 3. 'Albus'. horehound 2. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum. white .Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. petunia 30. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 17.Marrubiam vulgare.19. Dianthus 'White Lace'. sweet 31.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.Galanthus nivalis. pink 15. white 32.

Artemisia lactiflora.6. western mugwort 7. dame's honesty rocket 14.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. tulip 38. lily-ofthe-valley 11. 25. clary 24. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. sweet violet 20.Rosa 'Cinderella'. white stock absinthe 10.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.Iris × germanica var. Viola odorata. 23.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. Artemisia absinthium.Polianthes tuberosa.Artemisia stellerana.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'. Yucca filamentosa. moonflower 39.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. orris 8. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. tuberose 36. rose 41.Artemisia ludoviciana. tulip 37.Chrysanthemum parthenium.21. needle florentina. albula. Adam's.Ipomoea alba. white 27. lavender 12.Matthiola incana. rose 40.Artemisia ludoviciana var. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Salvia sclarea. beach mugwort wormwood 9. daffodil 35. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Hesperis matronalis. 26. white 22.Lunaria annua.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 28.Malus 'Guiding Star'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Convallaria majalis.

for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. and fragrances usually considered characteristic.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. Many of these herbs lack the hues. textures. too. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. related to an old mill reconstruction. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. This herb garden. < previous page page_76 next page > . Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. Rather. required their use as an educational adjunct.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. 35. flax 21.Convallaria majalis. 22.Anthemis tinctoria. lily.Morus rubra or alba.46. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. dyer's broom safflower 6. madder 54. onion China jute 4.Rumex obtusifolius. sumac poke 17.Filipendula ulmaria. bee 36. Linum usitatissimum. African 45.Solidago species.Allium cepa.Sanguinaria canadensis.Chelidonium majus.Genista tinctoria. Agave fourcroydes.Mahonia aquifolium.Berberis vulgaris. French 33.Galium odoratum. 28. Manila 25. 34.Cotinus coggygria. 26. 1.Parmelia conspersa. St.Rubia tinctorum.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Coptis trifolia.Ligustrum vulgare. woad Susan laevifolium.Phytolacca americana. queen.Rhus typhina.Dipsacus sativus. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Rumex acetosa.Hydrastis canadensis. Musa textilis.. alkanet 52.Genista germanica.Monarda didyma.Indigofera tinctoria. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.Crocus sativus. saffron crocus marguerite 3. sweet 49. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. yellow 55. Scotch broom hemp 7. 43. mulberry balm bedstraw 18. sisal 27. 48.Galium verum. 32. 53.Cytisus scoparius. black-eyed 50. Agave sisalana. ramie 24.Reseda luteola.Urtica dioica. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.Cladrastis lutea. garden 56.38. Gossypium hirsutum.Tagetes patula. 39. broad 42. Abutilon theophrasti. Sansevieria trifasciata.Furcraea hexapetala.Viburnum acerifolium.Agrimonia eupatoria.Rudbeckia hirta. dyer's 31.Polygonum hydropiperoides. weld 57. henequen marigold bearberry 8. 20. 29. blueberry 13.Tagetes erecta.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.Hypericum perforatum.Prunus persica. stinging nettle44.Anchusa officinalis. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. 37. golden 40. fuller's 30. Boehmeria nivea. 47. privet marigold 15. Hibiscus cannabinus.Isatis tinctoria. goldthread 41.Coreopsis tinctoria. peach bracken sorrel 19.Pteridium aquilinum. 23. barberry teasel woodruff 12.51.Carthamus tinctorius. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Vaccinium angustifolium var.

There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Elsewhere. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. A totally appealing edging. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. as well as the roses. < previous page page_78 next page > . Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

cl. 'Marie Pavic' 8. cl. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Mignonette' 5. 25. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Sombreuil'. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. rambler 20. 'American Pillar'. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 'Queen of the Prairies'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. cl. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'White Rose of York' 3. 'Mme. 23. rambler 19. cl. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. Legras de St. 'Belle Amour' 6. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 24.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. the second shows the number of plants to be used. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 1. 18. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. cl. 22. Alfred de Rougemont'. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14.

The notch of four square feet. < previous page page_80 next page > . This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. Circles and angles provide interest. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.S.B. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17. 29. graveolens var. 25. white-flowered kale 49. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. chive 42.A.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13.Apium graveolens var. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.A. graveolens var. cherry tomato 34.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.C.L.C. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.B. C.A. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. annuum 'Variegata'. Boerner. C. C. 48.Cichorium intybus. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.B. schoenoprasum. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . annuum 'Black Prince'.A. graveolens 'French Dinant'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4. shallot Lakes'. oleracea 'Green Parade'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. annuum 'Mosaic'. 27. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21. dulce 50. Petroselinum crispum var. eggplant ornamental pepper 3.B. pear Purple Vienna'. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. 28.sativa 'Ruby'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. Capsicum annuum var.Solanum melongena var. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'. 32.A. annuum 'Red Boy'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.S. celery I 31.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'.A. cepa Proliferum Group. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. red-flowered kale 6.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. C.B. annuum 'Golden Bell'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. curly eggplant parsley 23. annuum 'Fips'. eggplant 43. scorodoprasum. lycopersicum var.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35.L. 40. crispum 'Banquet'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.C. C. red 38.esculentum 'Long Black'. ruby swiss chard var. garlic chive 44.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. celery Bed 9.C.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. C. C. oleracea 'Red Acre'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.B. dulce 47. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. 24. red 37. 26. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. annuum 'Nosegay'. celery Group. annuum 'Teno'.B.B. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14.C. kohlrabi Rock'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'.B. tuberosum. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. 30.B. 22.C.A. oleracea 'Prima'. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. sprouts celery 8. melongena 1.B. leek 5. Beauty'. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.annuum 'Floral Gem'.A. melongena 2. giant garlic var. graveolens var. 45.A. annuum 'Pinocchio'. 39.

Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. winter savory. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. arcs. All of the circles. When viewed from the terrace above. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. and golden thyme. for each is a complete entity. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

× nervosum 'Torento'. 17. orange geranium 8. 15. 12.P. lime geranium Rose'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. P. Satureja montana.× nervosum. green 14. P. acerifolium.P. lemon geranium 22.P. pungent-scented geranium 25. maple-leaved 18.P.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'.Myrica pensylvanica.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 1. Santolina virens. oak-leaved geranium 16. apricot geranium28.P.' lemon geranium 23. winter 13. apple gray santolina geranium 3.Melissa R.P. peppermint 26. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10. 29.A. crispum 'French Lace. Marshall. 19.P. A. tomentosum. rose geranium 27. rose-scented geranium 4.L. inkberry geranium 9. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.P.P.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. graveolens. Livingston'.Ilex glabra.. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . Santolina chamaecyparissus.P. radens 'Dr. scabrum.P. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P. grossularioides. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. × domesticum 6. Assoc. gooseberry geranium 24. odoratissimum. The number in each planting area is the key number. crispum.P.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. germander crowfoot geranium 21. golden 11.P.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'. Landscape Architect. Teucrium chamaedrys.S. P. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.

or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. . filled with plants that have contrasting color. For the knot to look its best at all times. 1. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. such as a dwarf edging box. closed knot design. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. on page 37. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. sand. To ease the care for a more complicated design. especially when it is blooming. was planted using edging box only. English lavender 2.Hyssopus officinalis. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. Maintenance is high for a knot.Lavandula angustifolia. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. and growth to the plants of the knot design. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. blue hyssop 3. Its interspaces can be mulched. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Santolina virens. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. which is framed with a brick edging. or marble chips. texture.

1. arcticus 'Coccineus'. gray santolina 3. dwarf edging box 4.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina chamaecyparissus. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . green santolina 2.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.

Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. praecox subsp. Rosmarinus officinalis. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Some maintenance is required for clipping. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. In another departure from the usual. creeping thymes. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. arcticus 'Coccineus'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot.Thymus praecox subsp. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house.S.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.T. purple variegated 11.T. fig 4. 'Munstead'. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. the height of the edging. The knot material is maintained at six inches. arcticus 'Albus'. Teucrium chamaedrys. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. 8. caraway thyme 9. herba-barona. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. which are confined to that area. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. lavender Japanese barberry 5. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. which is found more often out in the open. variegated garden sage . 1. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference.officinalis 'Tricolor'. white 7.

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lavender .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. American germander 3.Teucrium canadense. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. gray santolina 2. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

setting it off admirably.Teucrium chamaedrys. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. germander . The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.

gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. each one a quarter-circle. again laid on edge. < previous page page_88 next page > . Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. pleasing color. which are also laid on edge.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. a complement for the colors of the plant material. adding another facet to an appealing design.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. glaucum 11. blue sage 13.Salvia argentea.Stachys byzantina.Artemisia arborescens. fern-leaf yarrow 27. lavender 9. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . silver sage 15. woolly yarrow 23.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus 'Argenteus'. silver thyme 6. 16.Artemisia frigida.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. dwarf gray santolina 20.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Perovskia atriplicifolia. 17. silver horehound 19. dwarf 12.Leontopodium alpinum. French lavender 3.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'. golden marguerite 25. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. curry plant 7.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Russian sage 24.Teucrium fruticans. samphire14. 18.Anthemis tinctoria. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Lavandula dentata var.Santolina neapolitana 10.Marrubium incanum. candicans. 1. lavender 5.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Dianthus × caryophyllus. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Salvia clevelandii.Allium senescens var.Helichrysum angustifolium. tree germander 22. tree artemisia 26. gray santolina 2.Crithmum maritimum.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Anthemis marschalliana. rue 21. angustifolia 'Rosea'.

which include hanging baskets. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. < previous page page_90 next page > . the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. basil. thyme. are without number. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. The color of the container plays a lesser role. and the savories. Some are rosemary. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. sweet marjoram. If one is familiar with herbs. oregano. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Styles of containers. lady's-mantle. As with other plant material. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them.

providing herbs in abundance. as with this container herb garden.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > . the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.

< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

If children's interest is not sustained. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. However.L. < previous page page_95 next page > . Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. A.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own.S. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.A. Of course supervision is necessary. LandscapeArchitect. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. such an outlay would be unwarranted. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.

Instead of benches on the patio. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. These are ''old roses. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. < previous page page_96 next page > . woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. Just keep a garden design for children simple. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. they are easily handpicked." selected for their greater fragrance. Children in this age group can help with the construction. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. A sundial can be fun and also educational. too. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses.

A. Landscape Architect. .< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A.S.L.

Anethum graveolens. horehound 26. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . dyer's bush basil woad 9.Petroselinum crispum var.Marrubium vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum. 19. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10.Nepeta cataria. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Artemisia camphorata. damask rose 32. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. lovage 12. Levisticum officinale. lily leek 30.Rosa damascena.Calendula officinalis. neapolitanum. ambrosia 2.Salvia sclarea. Dianthus plumarius.Salvia officinalis.Allium moly. glaucum 31. southernwood 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Lavandula angustifolia. Borago officinalis. dwarf 6.rocambole 28.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. catnip 27.Rosa gallica. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pot marigold 8. Italian parsley 23. 20. 13. cottage pink 18. summer savory 22. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. garlic chive 29. Petroselinum crispum var. 16.Allium sativum var.Chenopodium botrys. alpine strawberry 3.Satureja hortensis. English lavender 7. ophioscorodon.Origanum majorana.Isatis tinctoria.Allium senescens var. American 21. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. English lavender 4.Tropaeolum minus.Hedeoma pulegioides. dill pennyroyal 11. 1. crispum. borage 15. clary 25. Nigella damascena.Allium tuberosum.The number in each planting area is the key number. love-in-a-mist 14. garden sage 24.

for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. < previous page page_98 next page > . The oval. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. are a seal and a turtle. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. All are inviting to the touch. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. not noted on the plan. The sculptures. previously used as a skating rink.

< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect.R.A.A. F. .

duckweed Antennaria. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. Trifolium pratense. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. Nepeta cataria. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. dog violet Lemna. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . bee orchid Erigeron. mint Tagetes. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. lousewort Viola canina. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. fleabane Stellaria. bee balm Satureja montana. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. chive dandelion Allium sativum.Hedeoma pulegioides. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. cowslip Linaria. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. mint Galium odoratum. English Tussilago farfara. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. chamomile Mentha. marigold Salvia officinalis. Greek Stachys byzantina. borage Tanacetum vulgare. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. winter savory Mentha. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. tansy Monarda didyma. Foeniculum vulgare. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. Allium schoenoprasum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. fat-hen Primula veris. coltsfoot Mimulus. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus.

and old barn beams another about the same height. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. it is a most satisfying growing situation. are superb for displaying potted herbs. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. developed particularly for study. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. Still. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. Their height eases the task of weeding. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. A number of wooden window frames. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. a mint. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. Instead. < previous page page_101 next page > . for an old barn foundation of stone. feverfew. Its plant list. Here. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. its wooden structure long gone.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. an exceedingly long one.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

Physalis heterophylla. bee balm lovage 20. 1.Geranium robertianum. basilicum 'Minimum'. woolly thyme 101.Rosmarinus officinalis.O. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Digitalis purpurea.A.P. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11.Calamintha grandiflora. creeping veronica . richardii subsp.S. balm horehound 14. sweet 41. sweet violet 40. officinalis 'Aurea'. fern-leaf tansy 95.Angelica archangelica. 42. pink 58. southernwood houseleek 12.P.T. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. rose sativa. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Digitalis lanata. odorous thyme 104. golden marjoram 26. 54. lesser 67.M.Viola odorata. 55.A.Plantago major. crispum. white creeping thyme 97.-John'swort 91. herba-barona.Satureja montana. viper's 65. winter savory 88.Alchemilla vulgaris. foxglove cypress spurge 21. 50.Lychnis coronaria.Galium odoratum.Acinos alpinus. basil blue hyssop 15.Ranunculus ficaria.Lavandula angustifolia.A. golden variegated garden sage 86.Marrubium vulgare.S.P. angelica lemon geranium 5.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Chelidonium majus. 62.Hypericum perforatum. garden sage 84. yarrow herb Robert 4. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Artemisia dracunculus var. pallasianus. 43. majorana.Campanula persicifolia.Althaea officinalis. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. praecox subsp.Melissa officinalis.Sium sisarum. crimson creeping thyme 96. nitidus. absinthium.S.Veronica serpyllifolia. officinalis 'Purpurea'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. St. silver thyme 105. 'Purpurascens'. golden lemon thyme 99.O.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet cicely 94. basilicum 56.Campanula rapunculus.T. rose costmary campion 23. Grecian 59.A. southernwood ground cherry 10. beach 47.Sempervivum tectorum. 44.Achillea millefolium.Asarum canadense. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis. 48. didyma 'Rosea'. 45. × citriodorus. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. golden thyme 98. arcticus 'Albus'.Tanacetum vulgare var. 66.O. calamint valerian 24. 'Clear Gold'. lemon 52. rue 83. apple wormwood geranium 8. absinthe 51.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. abrotanum.Monarda didyma.Echium vulgare. rampion 81. tomentosum. odoratissimum. onites.Teucrium chamaedrys. stellerana. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Aloysia triphylla. wormwood germander 9. betony 92. lemon verbena 106.T. 64.Ruta graveolens. rosemary 82.Euphorbia cyparissias. pontica. pot marjoram bugloss 27.Levisticum officinale.Poterium sanguisorba.T 'Argenteus'.O.A.Stachys grandifora 93.Nepeta mussinii.Stachys officinalis. sweet 53. camphorata.Viola tricolor.49. skirret 90. praecox subsp. thyme 102.T. foxglove 2.Pelargonium crispum.Calendula officinalis.O. variegated garden sage 87. 60.Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon geranium 7. mosquito plant 19.Agastache foeniculum. catmint 63.A.Myrrhis odorata.Rubia tinctorum. purple variegated garden sage 85.T. purple basil English lavender 18.Salvia officinalis.T. lemon thyme 100.Pulmonaria officinalis. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'.T. camphor. caraway thyme 103.Genista tinctoria.Agastache cana. Roman 46. 61. pot marigold 25. bee balm57. alpine savory 89.Valeriana officinalis. plantain 80. celandine madder 79. marsh mallow 13. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.T.

Sorbaria sorbifolia.M.Laurus nobilis. pin cherry 39.Chamaemelum nobile.M. Proliferum Group. chamomile 30.Origanum dictamnus. spicata. ostrowskianum 34. moth 113.Chrysanthemum 78. veronica 108.A.Isatis tinctoria. 73.Atriplex hortensis. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Allium sativum. feverfew cinerariifolium.Myrtus communis.cepa. 71. apple mint 69. curry plant mullein 35. 114. oxeye daisy mullein 36. red mint comfrey 33.Cichorium intybus. × gentilis. Madonna lily leucanthemum.M. blattaria.Oenothera biennis. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. garlic 111. spearmint 107.A.Lysimachia vulgaris. wild 116.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Lilium candidum.Prunus pensylvanica.Mentha suaveolens. × piperita var. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. chicory 70. evening 77. orange mint 32. dyer's woad 110. chervil 68.M.V. pineapple mint 31.29. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. citrata. 76.Chrysanthemum 74.Primula veris.Origanum vulgare.Helichrysum angustifolium.Yucca filamentosa.Veronica officinalis. tree onion 112.Symphytum officinale.Dianthus plumarius 75.Anthriscus cerefolium. orach115. yucca 109. suaveolens 'Variegata'. cowslip 72.Verbascum thapsus.

not just hiding it. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. of good proportion for the size of the opening. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. A wheelshaped bed. A statue of St. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. but not obvious. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. < previous page page_104 next page > . Francis. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. its outline constructed of brick.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. only those not found on other lists are noted here. Cestrum nocturnum. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. white Justicia carnea. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. cat Watsonia rosea. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. potato Brassica eruca. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. poet's Solidago californica. labdanum Cistus crispus. lion's-ear prismaticum. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. Eriobotrya japonica. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. loquat Cichorium intybus. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. Eleocharis dulcis. Vetiveria zizanioides. AREA IV Ixia maculata. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. Sidney Ephedra viridis. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. menthifolia. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. AREA VI japonica. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides.

The damask rose 'Celsiana'. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. to name a few. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. or potpourri. is a center of interest. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. One is a garden of legends. but also for proper leaf size. emphasizes the circle. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. another a Mary garden. not only for hardiness where needed.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The exterior brick path. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. < previous page page_106 next page > . The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. and a third a culinary garden. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. an "old rose" and fragrant. scented-leaf geraniums.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

absinthe 4. lady's. black 23. English thyme 13. blue 18. spearmint 22. Angelica archangelica. flax 17. English ivy rosemary 8.20.Lamium album. Hyssopus officinalis. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. chamomile 3. Linum usitatissimum.Ruta graveolens.Brassica nigra. sweet marjoram basil 12. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Ocimum basilicum. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15. pot 26. chive bedstraw 16. white dead 24.The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata. Chamaemelum nobile.Crocus sativus. Johnny-jump.Calendula officinalis.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. pyrethrum 5.Hedera helix. 27. saffron crocus marigold 7. Viola tricolor.Alchemilla vulgaris. rue 28. angelica 2.Origanum majorana. yellow 25.Galium verum. Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet 21. garden up sage 10. Artemisia absinthium. dill 11.Narcissus mustard 14. hyssop rose 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium schoenoprasum. Anethum graveolens. 1.Salvia officinalis.19. costmary 6.

It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. < previous page page_108 next page > . and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it.

bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. Myrrhis odorata. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. Russian 'Prostratus'. sweet Myrtus communis. peppermint Laurus nobilis. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. thyme Cnicus benedictus. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. fastigiata. bay Echeveria × imbricata. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. blue Lamium maculatum. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. lemon balm Mentha spicata. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. rue Malva alcea var. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. clove Marrubium vulgare. Artemisia absinthium. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. perennial flax Galium odoratum. beach Monarda didyma. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Cotinus coggygria.

where paths enter an area or take a different direction. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. millstones. simply on a smaller scale. too. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. The generous use of edgings. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. Viewed from the terrace garden. < previous page page_110 next page > . Appropriately used as accents. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. and huge. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. features a closed knot of superior design. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. This is a general rule observed.

that of good proportion.S.Santolina chamaecyparissus. germander 2. has its size dictated by a rule of design. blue hyssop 3. 'Tiny Rubies'.Teucrium chamaedrys. lavender 5. Landscape Architect.L. green santolina 6. of greater size than is commonly found.Hyssopus officinalis.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. six feet in diameter. cheddar pink 4. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. dwarf box . The number in each planting area is the key number. and the mulch. Design plan of herb garden 1.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Santolina virens. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. gray santolina 7. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Routine clipping is required.A. angustifolia 'Munstead'. A.Dianthus gratianopolitanus.

sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. box Calycanthus fioridus. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. shadbush Salix caprea. japonica. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. quince Magnolia virginiana. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. black haw Prunus americana. beach plum Corylus avellana. box Myrica pensylvanica. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. goat willow Sassafras albidum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. plum Prunus maritima. honey locust Cornus florida. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. dogwood Pinus nigra.

its plant material varied. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. praecox subsp. silver thyme T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. doerfleri T. praecox subsp. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. Salvia. 'Annie Hall' T. 'Argenteus'. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Lavandula. As a rule. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. leucotrichus T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. herba-barona. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. arcticus 'Rosea' T. caraway thyme T. However. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. and a miscellany of others. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Currently. Rosmarinus. 'Doone Valley' . This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. arcticus T.

angustissimus. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. angustifolia subsp. crimson creeping thyme T. greggii. ramie . angustifolia. heterophylla. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia subsp. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. sweet lavender L.T. golden rosemary R. officinalis 'Aurea'. praecox subsp. golden thyme T. golden variegated sage S. leucantha. arcticus 'Coccineus'. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. English lavender L. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. woolly thyme T. officinalis 'Purpurea'. 'Clear Gold'. anise sage S. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. officinalis 'Prostratus'. guaranitica. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. autumn sage S. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia subsp. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. dentata. blue sage S. Mexican bush sage S. involucrata. purple variegated garden sage S. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina.

Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

family needsmedicinal. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Equisetum arvense. rupturewort. constructed of brick made on the property. L. balmony. Hesperis matronalis. a well beside the house. Cheloneglabra. to lure bees. Smith. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Herniaria glabra. to sweeten the air. Primarily. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. culinary. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. The apple trees. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. Physostegia virginiana. horsetail. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. which were located between the water supply. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . for scrubbing pots. Sium sisarum. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Circumstances determined these priorities. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Prunella vulgaris. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. obedient plant. The house.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. used in salads or boiled.

Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. too. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. while functional. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. for a few are in use now. < previous page page_116 next page > . as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. too. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Today. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Pinus taeda. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. bay 7. 15.Lonicera sempervirens.Lonicera flava.Allium sativum. garlic 9.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Ficus carica.Rosmarinus officinalis. 16.Laurus nobilis. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. southern laciniata. yellow 12. Gardenia jasminoides. fig 6. trumpet 11. 1.Malus angustifolia. Banksia rose 14. rosemary 2.Rosa banksiae.Syringa × persica var. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. wisteria 13.Lagerstroemia indica.Prunus angustifolia. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . pomegranate 3.Wisteria frutescens.Sambucus canadensis.Punica granatum. Cape jasmine 10.

too. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. Italy. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. < previous page page_118 next page > . the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The effect would be quite different without them. Appropriately. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Ruta graveolens. sweet flag marigold 24. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Nepeta cataria.Teucrium chamaedrys. 68. myrtle 53. senna woodruff 15. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. basil chive 3.Melissa officinalis. dill 39. peppermint 52.Hyssopus officinalis. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Calendula officinalis.Laurus nobilis.Digitalis purpurea.Paeonia officinalis. 50.Asclepias tuberosa. catnip 34. great 47.Tanacetum vulgare.Ilex vomitoria. blue 44.Hypericum perforatum.Salvia officinalis. 43.Crocus sativus. mullein 49.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Calycanthus fioridus. box chamomile 9. foxglove 41.Lilium candidum. 45. 70. lemon 26. lovage 35. 37.Verbascum thapsus. fuller's teasel 67. 33.Lobelia siphilitica.Xanthoriza simplicissima. butterfly 32. agrimony 58.Buxus sempervirens.Marrubium vulgare. clove 36.57. sativa.Armoracia rusticana. dogwood horehound 18. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. horsemint lobelia 23. fennel 40. yarrow lungwort 22. peony 51.Pulmonaria officinalis.Lonicera sempervirens.Agrimonia eupatoria. sweet shrub 10. sweet 64. 54. 61.Lavandula angustifolia. saffron crocus 25.Chimaphila umbellata.Chamaemelum nobile. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Borago officinalis.Monarda punctata.Foeniculum vulgare. rue 56.Sassafras albidum.Achillea millefolium.Cassia marilandica. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. 38.Dipsacus sativus. tansy 65. 30.Pinckneya pubens.Monarda didyma. American holly 16. hyssop sassafras 20. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Acorus calamus. 66.Cimicifuga racemosa.Gaultheria procumbens.Elizabeth Lawrence.Rosmarinus officinalis.Vinca minor. black 29. yellow-root 7.Anethum graveolens. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . St.Asarum virginicum.Artemisia dracunculus var. 42.Mentha pulegium.Hamamelis virginiana.Rubus allegheniensis. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Galium odoratum.Artemisia abrotanum.Colchicum autumnale.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'. 63. 55.Populus balsamifera.Mentha × piperita. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Levisticum officinale. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Symphytum officinale. garden sage 59. blue 46.Rosa laevigata. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. wild ginger69. sweet 27. 1.Dianthus caryophyllus.Lindera benzoin.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum. bee balm 28.Ilex opaca.Cornus florida.Eupatorium perfoliatum. pot 48. borage 31. balm autumn crocus 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. spearmint 62.Allium schoenoprasum.Punica granatum. 60.

and fragrances they developed. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. < previous page page_120 next page > . This is true for the remedies. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. 1 T. preventives. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. of herbs for one loaf of bread. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. In any event. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes.

Ocimum basilicum. absinthe 9.Mentha × piperita.Hyssopus officinalis.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 11. garden sage 8. caraway 19. horsemint 20. sweet marjoram 6. quince 24. blue hyssop 21.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 14.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis. lavender lovage 3. English 10.Carum carvi. apothecary's rose 22. spearmint 17. Calendula officinalis.Papaver somniferum. horehound 15.Satureja montana. peppermint 18. pot marigold 2. catnip 16.Cydonia oblonga. English thyme rosemary 7. black haw 23.Digitalis purpurea.Lavandula angustifolia.Marrubium vulgare. foxglove 12.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Monarda punctata. sweet basil 13.Nepeta cataria. opium poppy 5.Viburnum prunifolium. winter savory 4.Levisticum officinale.Pyrus communis.Artemisia absinthium.Mentha spicata.Origanum majorana. 1. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Salvia officinalis.

The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. Some could be used singly. to study it. and if the best has not always survived. often it is reconstructed. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. < previous page page_122 next page > . The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. centrally located. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. and bricks raise the beds. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. The beds are used to achieve balance. Allowed such freedom of expression. from early Moravian settlements. Thus it was for this garden. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. for example the large square bed with circular path. makes it something of a focal point. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The main paths of brick unify the garden. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. one dated 1759. Shaded by hop vines. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. the other 1761.

A. Campbell.A.S. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.L. .

basil moss rose 44. holy thistle 58. clary 30.Achillea millefolium. 48.Artemisia vulgaris. fennel marjoram 28.Chrysanthemum parthenium. mugwort67.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Narcissus poeticus. garlic lungwort 36.Althaea officinalis.Rosa moschata. 1. comfrey 33. betony 82. blessed thistle 8. daisy crape myrtle 23. elecampane 11. virgin's bower 40. garden sage 15. parsley 32. yarrow 4.The number in each planting area is the key number.Narcissus tazetta.Rosa eglanteria.Bellis perennis.Levisticum officinale.Rumex acetosa. cabbage angustifolia. polyanthus narcissus 60. orach 76.Atriplex hortensis. garden nasturtium 12.Lilium candidum.Rubia tinctorum. love.Rosa roxburghii. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. hyssop maypop 42. rue 14. borage 5.Armoracia rusticana.Asparagus officinalis.Clematis virginiana.Magnolia grandiflora. hollyhock 51.Melissa officinalis.Rheum rhabarbarum. 81. 66. dill 73. sweet 71.Symphytum officinale.Silybum marianum.Consolida ambigua. red pepper 20. 62. columbine 29.Nepeta cataria.Mentha × piperita. madder 16.Salvia sclarea.Rosmarinus officinalis. 68.Chamaemelum nobile. clove 53.Coriandrum sativum. asparagus 31.Allium sativum.Inula helenium. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. blue 69. annual clary 3.Rosa damascena. 80.Aquilegia vulgaris. corn poppy 79. damask coriander rose 19.Alcea rosea.Saponaria officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Hyssopus officinalis. hop southernwood 39.Vitis. lovage 9. tansy 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Petroselinum crispum.Gelsemium sempervirens.Colchicum autumnale. autumn crocus 34. redbud 24. stock 50.Mentha spicata.Lagerstroemia indica. French rose 18.Matthiola incana.Ruta graveolens.Tropaeolum majus.Salvia viridis. 52.Ficus.Salvia officinalis.Humulus lupulus.Borago officinalis. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare.Cercis canadensis.Artemisia abrotanum.Nigella sativa.Amaranthus caudatus. chamomile 17.Allium schoenoprasum. horehound 56. sweet 55.Passiflora incarnata. poet's narcissus 61. 54. cockscomb 47.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Crocus sativus. English 78.Dianthus caryophyllus. catnip 70.Marrubium vulgare.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Papaver rhoeas. chestnut rose 43. 74. rosemary49. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. caraway 72. eglantine Group.Pulmonaria officinalis.Foeniculum vulgare.Celosia cristata. absinthe 45. grape larkspur 41. spearmint 57. marsh mallow 7. Carolina jessamine 38. balm chive 37. sorrel 65. English thyme 2.Cornusflorida.Stachys officinalis.Origanum majorana.Rosa gallica.Hydrangea quercifolia. lavender rose 21.Anethum graveolens. dwarf nasturtium 13.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. lemon 64. Madonna lily 59.Rosa centifolia.77.Carum carvi. black cumin 46. blue 63.Cnicus benedictus.Tropaeolum minus. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . rhubarb 10.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. Calluna (heather). and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. and the north point is established. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. The lesser the scale. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. A ravine and existing. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. Usually this is least desirable. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . far from the house. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. it is proper to make a trial run. First. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. This space was never adequate. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. The next most desirable exposure. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Thus. Although some observations may seem obvious. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. the western. even boggy.

but it need not be identical. all four sides are so determined. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. and the search did not take long. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The general outline is similar. certainly not precisely the same. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. another is close to the rear of the house. Indeed. and the property line on the last. The new herb garden has been located. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. single bed. a driveway on still another. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. It was a pleasurable assignment. The. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. The outline is fixed. Then. as the drawing on p.ground where drainage is better. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. < previous page page_126 next page > . 127 indicates. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room.

forming the outer boundary of the service path. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. Two drawings were required to work out problems. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. then north. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. as in this case. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. If. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. There was no . this low wall will enclose the garden area. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. In addition. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If all is well. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. something is amiss. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. In fact. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. With the plan established.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. A structural edging was in order. Before edgings could be put in place. In the earlier stage of planning. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. this was. In this area. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. a lapped joint was fashioned. the site required some leveling. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. However. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. In this case. However. eight. At corners. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. . the eight-foot length was more practical. admittedly. however. and the finished edging would be effective. not one completed in a weekend. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

for they will likely have more traffic. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. A choice of five colors was available. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. had been proof of that. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. could serve this purpose. sand. The pattern is running bond. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Weeds. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. This method of treatment now guarantees . but there are exits to different levels. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. leaves. Aged compost. One is the ramp to the driveway. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. filling the beds with soil was next. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. The latter need to be more substantially paved.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. this same base underlies all the paths. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. selected for its simplicity. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Unfortunately. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Heavy black plastic. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer.

However. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. even bed for the pavers. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. worth the added cost. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. on a trial run of one course of brick.

The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. the terraced area. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. . French drains." their construction can be somewhat varied. Sometimes called "rubble drains. converging where it was logical to do so. In this instance. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths. learned about decades earlier. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. for it would interfere with the drainage system. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. since that path borders the house.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. Herbs have flourished in the beds. and the steps to other levels.

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and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. Its arrow points north and. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. twelfths of an inch.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. albula. not necessarily referable to botanical species. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. is symmetrical. having a variety of gradations. E EllipseAn oval. and so on. often a wall or trellis. in inches. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. in tenths of an inch. casts the shadow for the hour. for example. a garden plan. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . for example. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. and so on. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. sixteenths of an inch. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. hundredths of an inch.

ForthrightA straight course or path. its compartments filled with flowers. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. turf.3. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.brick) in the same course. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. Pea gravelSmall.3). H Heart-pinePinus palustris. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. roofed structure usually open on the sides. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. M ManufactoryA factory. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Usually a few inches thick. G GazeboA freestanding. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. a flat. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. GrindstoneMillstone. loose. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. rounded fragments of rock. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. heated especially by fermenting manure. or colored earths. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. also called rubble drain. a patterned garden.

rafters. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

W Wall. often planted with aromatic herbs. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. not treelike or with a single trunk. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. or steps. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. snug fit for walks. ranking between species and variety. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. < previous page page_132 next page > . SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. R Rose. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. cutting. Turf seatBanked-up earth. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. TreillageLatticework for vines. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. walls. V VarietyA category below species. called also a hose cock. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. Stone. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity.

1971. Sevenoaks. Bardswell. Prof. 1957. 1971. Charlotte. 1938. The Garden (An Illustrated History). 1970. 1961. ed. Gertrude B. 1942. Rosetta E. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. . 1958. New York: G. H.. Doran & Co. Liberty Hyde. L. Agnes. Herbsfor Every Garden. Carpenter. Sylvia. 1982. New York: Hawthorne Books. 1980. Roses.. Foster. John E. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Edlin. Room Outside. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Herbals. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. London: Saturn Press. Herbs and the Earth. Coats. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. New York: Macmillan. John Philip. New York: Dover. 1944. How Plants Get Their Names. 1980. 1935. 1963. T. Garden Design. Staff of. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. H. 1951. Bailey. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. London: Macmillan. London: Marshall Cavendish. P. Julia S. . The Herb Garden. Behme. Putnam's Sons. 1979.C. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Gertrude B. P. Jot. W. 14701670. Erichsen-Brown. New York: Simon and Schuster.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. 1973. Hanging Plants for Home. and Accessories. Brownlow. Earle. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. and Louden. Clarkson. London. The Small Garden. New York. Peter. Hortus Third. 1976. Henry. Beston. Green Enchantment. Bailey Hortorium. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Crowe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.. Robert Lee. Batsford. Fox. Greenwood. 1902. Cross.. 1972. London: Country Life. Garden City: Doubleday. New York: Viking Press. 1933. The Cultivated Basils. 1911. 1951. . Harriet Ballard. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Flannery. New York: Macmillan. 1977. Baumgardt. Frances A. Darrah.: Buckeye Printing Co. L. Margaret E. Aurora. Mo. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. New York: Viking Press. Independence.. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. and Garden. Kent: The Herb Farm. 1972. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Terrace. New York: Macmillan. S. Sydney: B. Foley. Park Seed Co. John. Daniel J. Helen Morgenthau. Park's Success with Herbs. 1966. Complements. 1966. New York: Macmillan. Toronto. Brookes. British Plants. Helen H. Foster. Seal. 1962. Rosemary F.: Geo. Berrall. New York: Crown Publishers. Alice Morse. Book of the Geranium. Dutton & Co. London: Adam and Charles Black. New York: E.

Franco. 1951. J. 1973. Rev. Lawrence. London: Faber and Faber. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs.. Ann. Mary U. Lathrop. New York: De La Mare. Johnson.: Livingston Pub.. New York: Van Nostrand. 1970. Simmons. and Synge. 1974. Harold N. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1982. C. 2d ed. How to Select. 1983. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Pozza. New York: Crown Publishers. and Rice. Claire. 1966. Vegetable Dyeing. Patrick M. Helen K. Ireys. Eleanour Sinclair. Flowers of the Field. Howard. McFarland. Lawrence.) Rohde.. ed. The Berry Book. Mass. New York: Harper & Bros.. Division Billboard Publications.: Chronica Botanica Co. Jr. 1946. Hay. Grieve.. Loyal R. 1978. A. New York: Macmillan. Toronto: Little. New York: Dover. Walter. The Art of Dyeing. New York: Macmillan. Grow and Enjoy. Gardens in Winter. Elizabeth. Loewenfeld. 1938. Horace. New York: Doubleday. Moldenke. and Alma L. 1952. 1964. Italy. P. Jones.. How to Landscape Your Grounds.. and Back. Kiaer. London: George Routledge & Sons. 1975. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: Clarkson N. Robert. Claire.. Dutton & Co. M. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Hendrickson. Eigel. M. Tucson: H. Wynnewood. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. 1971. 1976. Neri. Pa. Norma Jean.. Mrs. Shaker Herbs. 1969. 1970.Garland. 1971. Leighton. Cherokee Plants. Bernard Hickey. Lesch. Rosengarten. Philippa.C. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. New York: Dover. 1979. 1972. Krauss. P. Adelma G. Herbs. Landscaping with Vines. The Book of Spices. 1959. Frances. (1st American edition trans. and Brunello. < previous page page_133 next page > . Roy. Books. A Biblical Garden. Vicenza. New York: William Morrow and Co. Myron. Lerner. Boston. 1975. Alice Recknagel. 1911. New York: William Morrow & Co. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Paul B. Muenscher. New York: Viking Press.: Herald Publishing Co.. Roses of the World in Color. Plants of the Bible. Waltham. Edited by Clarence Elliott. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Miller.. New York: Macmillan. Hamel. New York: E. Frederic. chemist. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Sarah. 1974. Sylva. A Garden of Herbs. Geraniums for Home and Garden. . The Herb Garden. Potter. George H. 1981. Loewenfeld. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Alma.. Co. and Chiltoskey. 1961. Johns. 1981. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Boston. Carol. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Early American Gardens. 1976. N. Modern Herbal. 1969. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Brown & Co. Amy Bess. Dorothy Bovee.

Sherry D. Bush.L.. 1982. 1972.A.. Norman. Maxton Davies. Moffit. Leonard Dreyfuss. Jr.. Rev. C.. Berkeley Brandt. Vera Breed. Boerner. 1965. Mrs. New York: William Farquhar Payson. L. and Mrs. ed. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.A. The Shakespeare Garden. L. William T.A. Jack Emil Geist. Stuart.. Climbing Roses Old and New.S. 1962. Botanical Latin. Landscape Architecture.A. L. Ingersoll. Giroux. Mrs. Robert K. Katherine S. . Mrs. James D. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.. Mrs. New York.. and Robert B. Graham Stuart. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names.. Elisabeth W.. Peter M. New York: St. and Bell. Diane C.. Wilson. William Y Dear. 1979. L.. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mrs.A. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Raymond V. 1976. The Fragrant Year. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. 1961. Gannaway.S. Louise Beebe. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. New York: McGraw-Hill. Zohary. New York: Hafner. Bleecker.. Benjamin McF. Wilder. A. Mrs. Jo Lohmolder. Sandy Hicks. L. Plants of the Bible.A. McGarry. Mrs.A... Vt.The Old Shrub Roses. W. L. 1974. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. Thomas.A. Mrs. Mrs. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Mrs. New York. L. . 1979. John Ormsbee. New ed. 1967. Price. L. New York: Dover. . Leonie. Meyer. James C. Esther. Mrs. Madalene Hill.A. 1953. Yang... 1975.A. Singleton. Bradner. Taloumis.A. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Fragrance in the Garden. Webster. Paxton.. Martin's Press. L. Charles L. Baker. Martin. Robert G. A. Amy Bess Miller. Mrs. Plimpton. Campbell.A. Thacker. Frank M. W T. Mrs. 1979. William Radler. New York: Doubleday. Shrub Roses of Today. L. Griffin. 1966. The Fragrant Garden. Lamm. Hammond Crawford. 1972. New York: Simon & Schuster. William T.A. Donald Paxton. Elizabeth Lawrence. Henry Gund. Malcolm... Stearn. Taylor. Boston: Ralph T. Nelva M. Mrs. Mrs. John. Philip Batchelder. Alfred L. Smith.. Weber.L.A. Pees. Vivian. Margaret Osborn Holt. Cozart. White. William W. Straus. Mrs.: Garden Way. L. George. Graham. Linda.. Revised by Dr. H. Mrs. Virginia B. Herbs in the Garden. Marshall. Mrs. Toronto: Van Nostrand. William C. Bates. New York: William Morrow & Co. 1953.A. F. 1931. London: Phoenix House.. Neil Hamill Park. Building Stone Walls. Z. Marion E. A.R. Onward and Upward in the Garden. A. John Poinier.. George T. Melissa R.A. Barbara Capen. Michael. Martin's. Hale & Co. Jr. L. Hines. Helen Noyes. The History of Gardens. 1976.S. Associate. Tarantino. Indianapolis. London: Phoenix House. . Lucile Teeter Kissack. Bynam. Mrs. L. 1972.A. ed. Keebler. Christopher. Mrs. Charles Patch. Mrs. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Charlotte. Mr. 1957. Helen Van Pelt. Morss. Container Gardening Outdoors. A. Herbert G. L. 1942. Susan W. Mrs.L. New York: Farrar. Jr. Rhoda Specht.A. Mrs.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. T. Winthrop G. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones.D. Mrs. Austin R. Martha Dahlen. Stearn. New York: St. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Roberts. Kingwood Center.A.. Whitman. Matthew Miksch House.. Nathan Sameth. L. Elbert Smith.A. Timothy Procter Ruh. Milton C. Rose. Greenland.. Mass. Skinner. Smith (Ann Leighton). Lawrence Schetky. Lansing. Mrs. Linda Yang. Harper. Old Salem. Faith H. Hancock. Eloise andJo Ray.. Mrs. The following provided historical. Mrs. John A... Walter Rebmann. Atlanta.C. Pawtucket..H... < previous page page_134 next page > . civic. N. Hales Corners. Joe H. Matthaei Botanical Gardens.. N. L.. Mr. Old Slater Mill Museum. Architect. Inc. Isadore L. Mrs. Cleveland. Mrs. Ann Arbor. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Jean Ruh. Semple.A.A. Gayle. Kathleen Byroads Sowers.Rady.. Little Rock. Ohio. Ohio.. L. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Atlanta Historical Society. Bailey. Talbot III. Western Reserve Herb Society. Christopher Rady. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Hancock Shaker Village.. L. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Plain Dealer Photo. Michigan State University. Booker Worthen. Mrs. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. The Country Doctor Museum. Winston-Salem. Helen M. Mansfield. James S. Joan E. James F. Ark. Derthick. G. Mich.C. Wisc.I. Mich. Mrs.. Mrs. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Frederick E. Edmund G. Swanson. Milton Stricker. University of Michigan. Tullie Smith House Restoration. and Mrs. L. Mrs. Inc. N. Christopher Spencer. Ga. Shaker Community. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Weeks Brick House. R. Linda Yang. Wilcox. Eric Duke Scott.

maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. C. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. Narcissus triandrus. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. azoricum. maritima L. E. barbadensis A. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. A. officinalis. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Myrrhis odorata. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. A. Y smalliana Agrimonia.

Solanum aculeatissimum S. P. acerifolium. lycopersicum. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. Lamium album Viburnum. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. M. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. P. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. ludoviciana var. officinalis Populus. melongena var. false Galium aristatum. podagraria Asparagus A. grandiflorus Melissa M. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. laevis Rhododendron . G. officinalis. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. albula A. V. schmidtiana 'Nana' A.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Monarda didyma Crataegus. S. F.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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B.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. angustifolia. coronaria . Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. chrysantha Symphytum S. M. vulgaris A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. alpina 'Alba' A. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. oleracea. Mertensia virginica. P. deltoides Campsis radicans. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis.

alpinum R. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. macrocarpon. N. M. Italian D Daffodil M. B. ioensis Vaccinium. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. B. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea .wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. coronaria. angustifolia. V. M. sativum R. V. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. pseudonarcissus miniature N. alpinum R. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. maculatum G. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. verna. C. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus.

gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. H. C. obtusifolius R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Chrysanthemum frutescens.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. Hosta H. crispus. rivieri. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Ferocactus latispinus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. A. obtusifolius Rumex R. Sansevieria. D. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. T officinale Bellis. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. triphyllum . R. R. lilioasphodelus H. acetosa. frutescens C. lilioasphodelus. A. x superbum Hemerocallis.

Gnaphalium. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. Centaurea cineraria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. C. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . arvensis. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. N. Helichrysum. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. damascena. gymnocarpa. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Senecio cineraria. azoricum Nigella. N. S. N. Lychnis coronaria. ragusina. pungens Sambucus S. Antennaria.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. C.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

usitatissimum L. perenne . americana Foeniculum vulgare var. O. versicolor. I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum.× germanica I. I. regalis Adiantum.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. P. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. L. A. carica F. carica Corylus C. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. Osmunda.

× domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × germanica Myosotis M. purpurea D. sylvatica Digitalis D. tuberosum A. grossularioides P radens P. I. × limoneum P. lutea Allium sativum A. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. quercifolium P. sativum var. P. lanata D. × hortorum P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. sphaerocephalum A. Pelargonium.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. Fumaria C. neapolitanum A. scorodoprasum A. odoratissimum P.

officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. Tragopogon. abrotanifolium P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. A. Z. crispum P. × jatrophifolium P. denticulatum P. × nervosum P. scabrum P graveolens P. P. T. glutinosum. tomentosum P. chamaedrys T. × citrosum P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. tomentosum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. canadense. canadense T. pratensis . graveolens P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. quercifolium P. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. officinale Z. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. capitatum P. A. T.

citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. C. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. nervosa V. V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. torquata E. M. Oxalis deppei. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. Vitis monticola.

golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Ophiopogon L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Pulmonaria . Lythrum. G. triacanthos G. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. L. majalis Liriope. W. C. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia.

theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. A. erecta T. Malva. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. C. Malva. patula Calendula officinalis T. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum M Mace. erecta T. grandiflora M. pedatum Hibiscus. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. lucida . tenuifolia T. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. M. erecta T. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. alcea var.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

majorana O. requienii M. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. aquatica var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. suaveolens M. odorata Achillea millefolium. citrata M. vulgare 'Aureum' O. R. × piperita var. suaveolens 'Variegata' . spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. citrata. × piperita var. vulgare O. S. crispii M. piperita var. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. Spiraea alba. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. onites O. majorana O. major. citrata M. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. O. A. dictamnus O. citrata M. Astrantia. vulgare O.

Umbellularia californica. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. V. Myrrhis odorata. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. × gentilis M. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. Myrtus. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. olympicum. lactiflora Morus M. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. communis. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. thapsus V. V. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Azolla caroliniana. vulgaris A. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. rubra M. M. alba Verbascum.

majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. nudum. tazetta Tropaeolum T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. album L. V. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N. V. minus T. majus T. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. L. P.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus.

Castilleja californica. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. I. A. florentina. C. vulgare var. O. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. fistulosum Atriplex. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. Proliferum Group A. fragrans O. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. telephium Iris × germanica var. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. hortensis A. S. cepa. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. fistulosum A. cepa. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Scilla verna. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . fragrans Allium. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. cepa A. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. A.

lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . crispum P. crispum var. pulsatilla Passiflora P. A. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. A. lactiflora P lactiflora P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. P. P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. patens. neopolitanum Pastinaca.

frutescens C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. annuum. retroflexus. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. C. Marsilea Perilla. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Conoides Group Capsicum. annuum. Piper C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. C. annuum. C. annuum. A. Longum Group cone green C. Longum Group C. album Ranunculus ficaria . annuum. C. roseus C. annuum. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. P frutescens Catharanthus. C. C. paniculata P. Longum Group Capsicum. Grossum Group C. annuum. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Chenopodium.

Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. P. plumarius. M. umbellata var. P salicina P angustifolia. nigra P strobus P taeda P. C. umbellata var. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. plumarius D. Plantago P. angustifolia var. C. caryophyllus D. taeda Chimaphila. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. × paradisiaca. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. gratianopolitanus D. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. watsonii P maritima P. officinalis Dianthus D. alpinus D. americana . Prunus japonica. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Silene laciniata. taeda P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata.

Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. vulgare Lithospermum. carnea Phytolacca americana P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. S. rhoeas P. E. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. L. balsamifera P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . biennis P. P. Liriodendron tulipifera P. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. 0.

canadensis C. R.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. Diplotaxis. A. rhabarbarum R. C. Hesperis . coccineum C. P. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. pepo C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. pepo Portulaca. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. C.

spinosissima R. chinensis 'Minima' R. damascena 'Bifera' R. canina. gallica 'Officinalis' R. gallica R. R. × borboniana Kerria. × borboniana R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. laevigata R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R. banksiae R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. centifolia R. × harisonii R. Rubus coronarius R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. damascena R. sativa Rosa R. moschata . Rosa chinensis R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. canina R.

scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. setigera R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. clevelandii S. R. officinalis Limonium R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. × rehderana R. guaranitica S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. angustissimus R. pitcheri S. azurea subsp. caerula. officinalis S. sclarea S. rugosa R. microphylla S. Salvia hierosolymitana . greggii S. Rosmarinus. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp.

Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. chamaecyparissus S. P.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. hebecarpa. viridis S. A. elegans S. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. leucophylla S. chamaecyparissus S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. S. marilandica Amelanchier . maritimum E. C. guaranitica S. neapolitana S. Salicornia. S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. halimus Crithmum maritimum. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. leucantha S. T. montana Scabiosa S. virens. S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex.

A. canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

C. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. biflorum . americana. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. coggygria. P. G. C. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. V.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. coggygria Cotinus. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. nivalis Lamium album. P. coggygria C.

false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. patulum. officinalis thyme-leaved V. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. O. S. V. pyrenaicum. O. scutatus R. crassipes O. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . E. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. R. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. H. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. L. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. japonica Sorbaria. H. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. acetosa. Ornithogalum arabicum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium.

incana M. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. incana M. perennis. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. O. vulgare var. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. chiloensis F. sativa Amaranthus caudatus.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. C. T vulgare T. M. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. dracunculus var. crispum T. vesca F. vesca F. vulgare var. floridus Philadelphus . O. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea.

× citriodorus T. pallasianus T. sylvestris D. E. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum S. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Argenteus' T. benedictus. A. laevigata Eupatorium. Silybum marianum S. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. 'Clear Gold' T. phaenopyrum C. praecox T. arcticus T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. maritima Thymus. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . marianum S. 'Broad-leaf English' T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. praecox subsp. C. T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria.

Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. pruinosa. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. radicans Bignonia capreolata. cerasiforme. L. C. peruviana P. lycopersicum var. I. lycopersicum var. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone .< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. P. Coreopsis Linaria. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. sanctum Tulipa T. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. alata Lycopersicon. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. noli-tangere. lycopersicum L. sanctum O. praecox subsp. P. Physalis peruviana L.

Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. odorata V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. canina. caprea . odorata V. officinalis Polemonium. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. V. Chimaphila. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. caeruleum Clematis. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. longifolia Chamaelaucium. cornuta V. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. P. C. C. cornuta 'Alba' V.

Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. caprea. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. W. Corydalis sempervirens A. V. camphorata A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. annua A. Gaultheria procumbens. S. I. gmelinii A. Stachys . Vanilla barbellata A. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. absinthium A. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. verticillata Chimaphila. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. ambrosioides Artemisia. nudum Isatis I. pontica. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. frigida A.

Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. lutea. I. X. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. vomitoria I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. ageratum A. filipendulina A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . simplicissima Cladrastis. taygetea A. millefolium A. C. × media 'Hicksii' T. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A.

fourcroydes sweet flag. nose-bleed. fragrant g. millefolium A... longifolia Achillea A. taygetea A.. h. parlor m. theophrasti Acacia A. Indian mallow. napellus Acorus A. ageratum A. calamus Adiantum A. monkshood flowering maple. h. thousand-seal. cana A. pedatum Agastache A. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. breviflora A. butter-print. Indian mallow China jute. calamus maidenhair fern. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. maidenhair fern. yarrow sneezeweed. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. five-finger f. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . lion's tail anise hyssop. blue giant hyssop. foeniculum Agave A. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. fennel g. alpinus Aconitum A. monkshood helmut flower. maidenhair American maidenhair. sanguinary.

vulgaris Allium A. tree o. serpent garlic chive. sativum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. sisal hemp. stars-of-Persia Welsh o.. ophioscorodon A. ostrowskianum A. reptans Alcea A. Spanish o. christophii A. Pulchellum A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. garlic rocambole. senescens var. flowering o. fistulosum A.. rosea Alchemilla A. moly A. sisalana Agrimonia A.. Japanese bunching o. two-bladed o. schnittlauch giant garlic .A. schoenoprasum A. karataviense A. scorodoprasum A. flavum A. sativum var. alpina A. cive. neapolitanum A. hemp plant agrimony. purple c. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. giganteum A. cocklebur. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. githago Ajuga A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. Rosenbachianum A. ciboule..

tuberosum Aloe A. officinarum Anchusa A. bugloss alkanet.. garlic c. marschalliana A. Oriental garlic . tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. bugloss windflower. white m.. shad. triphylla Althaea A. cerefolium chervil angelica. officinalis Amaranthus A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. Curasao a. officinalis Anemone A. hupehensis var. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. sphaerocephalum A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. archangel.glaucum A. medicinal a. shadbush. pulsatilla Anethum A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A.. juneberry. Barbados a. caudatus Amelanchier A. barbadensis Aloysia A. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. japonica A. canadensis Amsonia A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. tinctoria Anthriscus A. blanda A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel.

graveolens var. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. graveolens A. European crowfoot bearberry. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. chrysantha A.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > .

kinnikinick. triphyllum A. camphorata A. europaeum A. mealberry. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. creashak green-dragon. hog cranberry. albula A. virginicum bearberry. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger .< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. red cole sagebrush. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. stewardsonii Armeria A. mountain box. dracontium A. Ludoviciana var. bear's grape. lactiflora A. asarabacca wild ginger. mugwort. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. sativa A. pink or white horseradish. frigida A. pontica A. canadense A. maritima Armoracia A. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. wormwood southernwood. arborescens A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. gmelinii A. old man southernwood absinthe. triphyllum subsp. sandberry. dracunculus var. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. rusticana Artemisia A. sea pink thrift. annua A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift.

upland cress winter cress. i. yellow r. halimus A. tuberroot. rocket.. jaundice berry. ruby s. garden o. tuberosa Asparagus A. s. vulgaris Bellis B. vulgaris. c. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. officinalis Astrantia A. ruby s. silkweed. talewort. mountain spinach false indigo. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. wild indigo blue false indigo. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. c. c. China grass borage borage. australis B. perennis Berberis B. wild blue i. plains f. cool-tankard cole. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. c. rattleweed winter cress. vulgaris Beta milkweed.. Chinese silk plant. butterfly flower butterfly weed. papyrifera Boehmeria B. s. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. major Atriplex A. nivea Borago B. B. saltbush orach. hortensis B Baptista B. pleurisy root. wild indigo. mustard . piprage beet swiss chard.Asclepias A. tinctoria Barbarea B. orach sea orach.

sempervirens B. microphylla var. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. grandiflora Calendula C. white-flowered k. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. floridus Campanula C. koreana B. officinalis Calycanthus C. eruca B. pineapple s. carpatica C. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.. microphylla 'Nana' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. strawberry s..B. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box.

p. p. o. o. trumpet flower. o. o. C. p. p. rapunculus Campsis C. o. o.. p. chili p. o. green p. p. bell p. < previous page page_147 next page > . s. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. trumpet vine. red p. p. p.. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. s.C. cow-itch. p. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. sweet pepper. green p.. s. o. pimento sweet pepper s. p.. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. persicifolia C. p.

cristata Cercis C.. canariensis Cedrus C. nobile Chelidonium C. majus Chelone cayenne p. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. nocturnum Chamaemelum C... snakehead . canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C.. garden c. celandine celandine turtlehead. marilandica Catharanthus C.. shellbark h. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C.. capsicum p. Tabasco-sauce p. red p. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. illinoinensis C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. Tabasco p. carvi Carya C. frutescens Carthamus C. chili p. deodara Celosia C. Russian c. ovata Cassia C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. tinctorius Carum C. bastard s. senna. false saffron. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. Madagascar periwinkle.

feather geranium. leather flower. ladanifer Citrus C. barbe-de-capuchin. crispus C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. balsamita C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. wormseed. coccineum C. frutescens C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. Robert Brydon' C.C. cinerariifolium C. leather flower. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. old-man's-beard costmary. rattletop black cohosh. umbellata Chionanthus C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. dwarf 1. parthenium C. bonus-henricus C. Chinese dwarf 1. lutea Clematis C.. racemosa Cistus C. wintergreen. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. virginiana balmony goosefoot. ambrosioides C. red-leaved chicory bugbane. Spanish t.. devil's-darning- . botrys Chimaphila C. wax flower. pigweed Mexican tea. Meyer 1. pyrethum. virgilia virgin's bower. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. alecost pyrethrum.. × jouiniana 'Mrs. virgin's bower. × superbum Cichorium C. Dalmatia p. glabra Chenopodium C. intybus Cimicifuga C. leucanthemum C. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. mint geranium. fat hen ambrosia. American w.. lemon yellowwood yellowwood.

smokebush smoke tree. orientalis Convallaria C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. arkansana C. trifolia Coreopsis C. smokebush. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . autumnale Comptonia C. florida Corylus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. apiculatus Crataegus C. smoke plant. majalis Convolvulus C. ambigua C. avellana Cotinus C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. Venetian sumac. thorn. red haw hawthorn English h. peregrina Consolida C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. cneorum Coptis C. quick-set. benedictus Coix C. sativum Cornus C.needle Cnicus C.. laevigata C. thorn apple.

angustifolius C. speciosus 'Albus' C. sieberi C. kotschyanus C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . West Indian 1. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. maritimum Crocus C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. gracilis Dianthus D. scoparius C.. citratus Cytisus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. × allwoodii D.C. sativus C. sempervirens Cydonia C. speciosus C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h.. phaenopyrum Crithmum C.

dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . spectabilis Dictamnus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. lanata D. grandiflora D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. gas plant. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. sativus D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. burning bush. pardalianches E Echeveria E. sylvestris Doronicum D. carnation.

thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . japonica Eryngium E. arvense E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. J. S. ironbark. jacinth. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. californica Eucalyptus E.. plum eryngo sea holly. epimedium barrenwort. pungens Eleocharis E. torquata Euonymus E. sea holm.E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. maritimum Eschscholzia E. rugosum v. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. poppy eucalypt. sea eryngo California poppy C. blueweed. hyemale Eranthis E. viridis Epimedium E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. Japanese medlar. gum tree. b. Australian gum. vulgare Elaeagnus E. perfoliatum E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. dulcis Endymion E.

fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .s.Euphorbia E. a. vulgare F. major Fragaria F. vulgare var. imperialis Fumaria F. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F.s.s. a. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. assafoetida Ficus F. chiloensis F. cyparissias F Ferula F. finocchio. vulgaris Foeniculum F. ulmaria F. sow-teat s. vulgare F. vulgare subsp. alpine s. a. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel.

pulegioides American pennyroyal. virginiana Hedeoma H. robertianum Glechoma G. field balm. woodwaxen.. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. vernalis H. hederacea Gleditsia G. Capejasmine wintergreen. maculatum G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. tinctoria Geranium G. triacanthos Gossypium G. nivalis Galium G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. verum Gardenia G.. alumroot herb Robert. hexapetala G Galanthus G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. false baby's-breath woodruff. dyer's greenweed. checkerberry. germanica G.F.. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. red Robin . ground ivy. Carolina yellow j. mollugo G. spotted c. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. teaberry. mountain tea.. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. cleavers white bedstraw. mock p. jasminoides Gaultheria G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. runaway robin.. honey locust. wild c. our-lady's-b. odoratum G. sweet w. gardenia. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. Carolina jasmine G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground.

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cannabinus H. turnsole heliotrope. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. Chinese hibiscus. glabra Hesperis H. Deccan h. rose m. Deckaner h. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. rose-of-China. daylily .. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. niger H.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. Hawaiian h. curry plant false licorice. matronalis Hibiscus H.. China rose. hibiscus kenaf. lemon d. bastard jute.. atrorubens H.. foetidus H. corsicus H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. mallow.. sweet r. bimli j. lividus subsp. × luteola Herniaria H. bimlipatum j. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. angustifolium H. garland 1.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. flavescens Helenium H. Indian hemp. licorice plant heliotrope. lilioasphodelus H. giant m. blacking plant plantain lily.. arborescens Helleborus H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. petiolatum Heliotropium H.

. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. I. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. white h. crenata var. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop.-John's-wort St. asiatica Hypericum H. perforatum Hyssopus H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. patulum 'Sungold' H. . paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. lupulus Hydrangea H. European h. rose h.-John's-wort St. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. horned h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort.H. box-leaved h. navelwort gotu kola St. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. Burford's holly Japanese holly. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. orangeroot. box-leaved h.

tinctoria Ixia I. yellow flag. J. virginiana red cedar jasmine. woad dyer's woad. crested dwarf i. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. helenium Ipomoea I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. tinctoria Inula I. chinensis var. 'Great Lakes' I. glabra I. crested i. capensis Indigofera I. spotted t. vomitoria 'Nana' I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. snapweed. touch-me-not jewelweed. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. African corn lily corn lily orris. cristata I. jewelweed. alba Iris I. wilsonii Impatiens I.. horizontalis creeping j. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. pseudacorus Isatis I. officinale Juniperus J. × germanica var. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J.I.. water f. opaca I. florentina I. maculata J Jasminum J..

angustifolia subsp. nobilis Lavandula L. n. angustifolia L. bay. d.Justicia water willow J. dentata L. carnea Brazilian-plume. white d. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce .. dumb nettle.. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. paradise p. dentata var. plume flower. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. plume plant.. indica Lamium L.. flamingo p. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. album L. king'scrown L Lactuca L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. brandegeana shrimp plant J. maculatum L. n. sweet bay laurel.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

latifolium Linaria Lindera L. perenne L. blue cardinal flower . benzoin Linum L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. leonurus Leontopodium L. chalcedonicum Limonium L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. usitatissimum Liriope L. aestivum Levisticum L. pepperwort. summer s. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. candidum L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. statice statice toadflax spicebush. muscari Lobelia L. sativum Leucojum L. marsh rosemary. lovage privet.. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. officinale Ligustrum L. hedge plant privet.

pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. lycopersicum var. annua Lychnis L. coronaria 'Alba' L. maritima L. stellata M. coronaria L. flava L. money plant. honesty. vulgaris Lythrum L. coral h. moonwort. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L.L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. satin flower honesty. grandiflora M. gypsywort. catchfly mullein pink. silver-dollar. europaeus Lysimachia L. campion. sempervirens Lunaria L. cordata Magnolia M. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. virginiana sweet alyssum. penny f. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. lycopersicum var. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h..

crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. lungwort bluebells. 'Guiding Star' M. menthella. pennyroyal Corsican m. Scotch m. holly barberry. bergamot m. American crab. longifolia M. mountain g.. alcea var. gillyflower. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. 'Eau de Cologne' M. b. Oregon g. × gentilis M. vulgare Matthiola M. aquatica M.. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot.. incana Melissa M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. cowslip. curly m. × piperita M. horsemint . horsemint peppermint orange mint. officinalis Mentha M. citrata M. hupehensis Malva M. Virginia c.. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. fastigiata Marrubium M. bee b. pineapple m.. bluebells. Virginia b. pulegium M. stock stock. holly g. angustifolia M. × piperita var. apple m. blue barberry apple. requienii M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M... incanum M. white h. lemon m. imperial stock balm lemon b. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. sweet b.Mahonia M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. holly mahonia. musk m. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. wild crab crab apple crab mallow.. Brampton stock..

b. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. fistulosa var. white b. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce.M. banana abaca. Manila hemp forget-me-not. candleberry. textilis Myosotis M. punctata Montia M. odorata Myrtus M. menthifolia M. swamp c. American m. fistulosa M. Greek myrtle. pink b. red m. anise. myrrh. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. citriodora M. b. winter purslane. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sweet cicely. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . sylvatica Myrica M.. white bee balm pink b. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. Swedish m. b. Oswego tea. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

nepalensis P. aspen. sieboldii 'Alba' P. veris Prunella P. persica Pteridium P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P.Poncirus P... brake bracken. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. tacamahac cinquefoil. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. elatior P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. granatum Pyrus P. Jerusalem cowslip white p. domestica P. hardy orange poplar. pensylvanica P. hackmatack. heal-all. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. angustifolia P. lungwort blue 1. vulgaris Prunus P. Americana P. trifoliata Populus P. sand p. maritima P. balsam p. brake. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. widdy shrubby c.. all-heal salad burnet. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . Jerusalem sage. golden hardhack. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. five-finger shrubby c. pasture b. hog-pasture b.

alpinum R. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. pie plant.. eglantine. pygmy r... cabbage r. gallica damask r. typhina Ribes R. luteola Rhamnus R. stellata R Ranunculus R. purshiana Rheum R. gooseberry alpine c. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. Bourbon r. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. garden r. brier Banksia r.. . rose. sweetbrier French r. mountain c. pilewort mignonette weld.Quercus Q. China r. fairy r. dog r.. crowfoot lesser celandine. garden c. moss r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. York-and-Lancaster r. red currant. dog b. canina R. moss r. eglanteria R. brier r. banksiae R. 'Cinderella' R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. small c. autumn damask r. sativum Rosa R. × borboniana R. chinensis 'Minima' R. ficaria Reseda R..

climbing r. rosemary white r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.. × rehderana R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. bitter d. angustissimus R. Japanese r. musk r. r. wichuraiana R. Harison's yellow r. polyantha r. chestnut r. French sorrel rue .. climbing r. rosemary pine-scented r. tinctorum Rubus R. setigera R. dock s. Turkestan r. madder bramble blackberry. prostrate rosemary. prairie r. × harisonii R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. snowdwarf memorial r.'Officinalis' R. roxburghii R. 'Schneezwerg' R. golden p. moschata R.. burnet r. acetosa R. obtusifolius R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. Cherokee r. Scotch r. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. laevigata R. spinosissima R. hirta Rumex R. garden sorrel broad dock. rugosa R.. sorrel. chinquapin r.

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American e. caprea Salvia S. sclarea S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. argentea S. greggii S. gray sage. elderberry American e. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. canadensis willow. osier goat willow. microphylla S. garden s. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. Mexican bush s. purple variegated garden s. pussy willow sage. viridis Sambucus S. clary annual clary elder. involucrata S. variegated garden s. bloodroot rue . caerula S. clevelandii S. elegans S. golden g. leucantha S. leucophylla S.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. bloodroot red puccoon. guaranitica S. s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. purple g. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. s.

Sanguisorba S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. tectorum Silybum S. virens Saponaria S. marianum Sium S. sweet s. live-forever houseleek. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. morganianum S. sisarum Solanum S. trifasciata Santolina S. pincushion flower pincushions. lucky plant. hemp plant snake plant. melongena var. jasminoides S. devil's tongue.. roof h. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. atropurpurea Sedum S. Mary's t. good-luck plant. St. mad apple . mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. canadensis Sansevieria S. hortensis S. pinnata S. hen-and-chickens. telephium Sempervivum S. milk t... chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S.. officinalis Sassafras S. neapolitana S. albidum Satureja S. live-forever houseleek. blessed t. skirret potato vine eggplant. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. mourning-bride stonecrop.

lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. laciniata Persian lilac S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. officinale S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. × persica var. reticulata var. grandiflora S. byzantina S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. laevis Symphytum S. big m. lutea Stokesia S. americana Stachys S. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. officinale Syringa S. californica Sorbaria S.. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil.. Aztec m. hedge nettle. sorbifolia Sorbus S. erecta marigold African m. woundwort lamb's-ears. lilac . patula melongene. vulgaris 'Addie V.

chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. upright y. dwarf m. canadense T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. crispum Taraxacum T. wood sage germander dwarf. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T.. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. . yew conical y. officinale Taxus T... dense y. procumbent g. fruticans T. culinary golden lemon t. 'Argenteus' T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. lemon t. sweet mace French m. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. signet m. columnar y. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. marum Thuja T. carnosus T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. tansy tansy. filifolia T. lucida T. vulgare T. vulgare var. occidentalis Thymus T.T. germander American g.

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t. nitidus T. woolly thyme creeping t. confederatej. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. praecox subsp. caraway t. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. herba-barona T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. lemon t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.. t. doerfleri T.. richardii subsp. jasminoides Tragopogon T. pratensis Trichostema T. not culinary French t. praecox T. pallasianus T. leucotrichus T. lanatum Trifolium T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. creeping t. crimson c. odorus t. romero clover red clover star jasmine. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. serpyllum T. wishbone flower. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. red c. glabrescens T. . zygis Torenia T.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. nummularius T.

squill. species t. angustifolium var. 'General de Wet' T. blattaria V. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. maritima Urtica U. serpyllifolia nasturtium. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. water-lily t. mullein mullein. tarda T. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. speedwell. velvet p. clusiana T. thapsus Veronica V. dioica V Vaccinium V. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. tall n. . officinalis Verbascum V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. flannel plant. officinalis V. early. laevifolium Valeriana V. bitter Indian garden n. majus T. tawny orange t. huckleberry. 'Blizzard' T.. blueberry. canadensis Tulipa T. farfara U Urginea U. Indian cress dwarf n. 'Sweet Harmony' T. olympicum V. pale yellow Darwin t. nettle stinging n. minus Tsuga T. cranberry.Tropaeolum T. red s.. kaufmanniana T.

possum haw . myrtle. canina V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V..Vetiveria V. ladies-delight. heartsease. violet dog violet horned v. carlesii V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. sheepberry.. × wittrockiana Vitis V. minor Viola V. lesser p. odorata V. acerifolium V. tricolor V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. heartsease pansy. khus-khus. running m.. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. prunifolium Vinca V. lutea 'Splendens' V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. nannyberry. sweet h. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. cassinoides V. withe-rod vetiver. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. zizanioides Viburnum V. maple-leaved viburnum. arrowwood.

officinale ginger true ginger. Canton g. Adam's-needle. ginger.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. needle palm < previous page page_155 .

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