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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
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UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
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To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
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CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
whether all their labor was to no avail. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. more of them exist to serve as examples. responded with delight. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. and record every detailall of the failures. Then. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. It needs no sequel. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. and the publisher. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. build it.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. with sparkling enthusiasm. With false starts and honest stops. seven years ago. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. bereft of hope. wheedling. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. alterations. Their energy and charm caught me up. The turning point came when. for they had no model and no guide. This was not to be. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. Again they revised. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. Ginny had done some writing. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. and I have had the pleasure of advising. pushing. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. This they did. punching. successes. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. especially poetry. carefully chosen. and the experience provided the final section of the book. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed.
The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. while others were prepared by landscape designers.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. we completed a test garden. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. Not all plants used are herbs. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. rather. 1969 and 1980. former generic names. degree of maintenance required. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. The herb garden designs alone. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. We. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. without accompanying commentary. Likewise. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. and these are capitalizedfor example. and educational purpose. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. historical interest. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. or by contributors. A range of essential factors is considered herein. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. specialty. Italics are always used for botanical names. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. Some of these were created by landscape architects. To achieve this. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. although countless common names exist. by their owners. . functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. the authors. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. English thyme. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased.
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have also been of assistance. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Susan Frugé. Swanson and Robert B. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. Rady. We are grateful to many. Finally. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. too. and Rexford Talbert. Betty Rea. has been especially helpful over the years. Genevieve Jyurovat. and August Frugé. FAITH H. Weatherhead. as expediter and typist. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. librarian. Recognition is due Robert B.. has given us valuable information. Lee Buss. Nell Neff. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Jo Lohmolder. His assistant. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. Eleanor Gambee.D. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. Derthick. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . past presidents. and the horticulturist. M. She has served. Trudi Bela. former director of same. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. president. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. Isaacson. Wanda Ritchie. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. A lecturer on herbs. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. Alice Skelsey. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Richard T. which made possible the completion of our text. and Joanna Reed. and Elizabeth Bryce.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. The late Raymond C. Special thanks are due James C. Alexander Apanius. Keebler and the late Everest P. Herbert J. former managing editors. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. and decisions must not be left to chance. Perennial herbs. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. the north point will have been indicated. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. and structures. new plants. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. new ways of seeing. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. fences. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. a front dooryard. and hedges will have been located. If no . have foliage that changes color with the seasons. Its interest is independent of flowers. not at all difficult to maintain. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. "Not difficult to plan. In order to create a fine garden design. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. partially excavated area. or an abandoned. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied." A good design does not "happen. As Henry Beston reflects. As one constantly reinforces the other. to increase the value of the property. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. lay out a plan of the property. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. some of which are evergreen. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. temples of worship. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions.
which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges. fences. < previous page page_2 next page > . measurements are in engineer's scale. Here.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures.
In the absence of a survey map. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. In this example. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. will give the lot or acreage measurements. but with all needed information. Next. to locate the house. too. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. measurements are in engineer's scale. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. The object is to . Other areas may require a smaller scale. and the driveway. Here. other significant structures. too. A deed description. such as the one illustrated here. measure to locate the house.
The smaller the scale. and unusual land features noted. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. paths. and parallel lines. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. driveway. < previous page page_3 next page > . the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. lines at an angle. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. The tools needed for drawing are few. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. shrubs.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. enclosures. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. triangleof inexpensive plastic.
Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. One basic rule is the higher the wall. In the designs that follow. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . In some cases. old smokehouse. greenhouse. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. A toolhouse." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. and holly. However. garage. or summer kitchen is ideal. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. Upkeep. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. With the plan on paper. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. and stone. and hedges of hemlock. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. gazebo. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. bayberry.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. yew. brick. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. iron. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. In the absence of a structure.
Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .
Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. Allow adequate room within the row. box. landscape timbers. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. Lower cost is an advantage. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. some deciduous and some evergreen. Stained. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. elegant box. painted. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. if wood is the material of choice. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. such as bayberry. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. . it will seem too sparsely planted. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. as in outdoor room dividers. annual painting is a necessity. In some climates. so give them much thought. or natural. and their styles are countless. Gates are part of the enclosure. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Stone. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Generally. used for dry wall or masonry construction. but the results will confirm this course. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. and rosemary. they can be made to order. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. bricks. When this reinforcement is understated. deeply evergreen. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. or. If desired. railroad ties. for reinforcing the design. If used. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. For example. Equally important is proportion. however. At first. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. whether it will be rocks. Styles are legion. or pressure-treated lumber. Where air circulation is much needed. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. too. for example. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. When used with a hedge. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. cut stones. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. yew. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Whatever the reason. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. holly. Brick is the all-time favorite material. gray surfaces are found. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. as an example. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. the garden design is most attractive. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. Rosemary. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available.
awkward and unsafe. Conversely. there is a necessary. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.Steps When constructing steps. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
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for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. If groups are walking through. and maintenance. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. The colors are various: terracotta. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. because they are just that. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. however. appearance. . Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Step materials need not be the same as. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. but should be compatible with. or red. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. Access paths. Choose the path material equally for comfort. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. too. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. It is a general rule that the less the riser. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. rosy pink. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. for example. the greater the tread. making the design more evident. There are. their use no less than comfortable. Paths must be ample.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. cost. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas.
not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > . in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern.
< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .
It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. prepare a planting plan for each. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. they should not shade the herbs too much. shad Malus coronaria. and many good references are available. When they mature. bark or pine needles can be used. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. is an enjoyable experience. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. This. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. serviceberry. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana.) To avoid having a slippery surface. or trees to be considered. If the garden is made up of separate beds. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. too. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. a soft-lead pencil in hand. With these recommendations in mind. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. shrubs. a result being hazardous footing. They are easily renewed as they break down.
It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. it is easily read and easily erased. for example. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . for example. Do use a soft-lead pencil. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. one-half inch equals one foot. Often this center of interest is a sundial. a focal point is customarily used. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. It needs. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. noting well their growth habits. whether they are invasive or tall growing. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. too. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. Sept. Artifacts As with other gardens. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. 'Mount Hood daff. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. or whatever is best in your case. however. lemon thyme. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. such as the one illustrated here.
respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. < previous page page_9 next page > . a niche of its own should be created. If a statue less than life-size is used. the height of a fence to the house. Again. and a good sense of proportion is achieved.R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. It is then in scale with its frame. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. a stylized drawing of an ovary.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. For easy reference. that of good proportion. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. Except for two. the designs have a decorative north point. However.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
lemon balm . a fence.Ocimum basilicum. rose 24. Foeniculum vulgare. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom.Galium odoratum. 14. sativa.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design.Thymus praecox subsp. which is used here in relation to a garage. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest. 3.Origanum majorana.A.S.L. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. or other structure.Viola tricolor. salad burnet 12. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium graveolens. The first number in each planting area is the key number. A.Satureja hortensis. Landscape Architect. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. dill cerasiforme. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. fennel 2.Lobularia maritima. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. 6. 16.Melissa officinalis.Lavandula savory angustifolia. sweet 25. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla. 22.Allium 11.Satureja montana. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. lovage 17. Lavenders accent the front corners. 21. With color and texture considered for contrast. 26. 5. lemon 15. bee balm 13. The rules of symmetry are observed. 1. arcticus 27. summer 23. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. 4. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.
19. leek 9.Origanum heracleoticum. dwarf garden 20. costmary 'Albus'.Salvia officinalis. Chrysanthemum balsamita. curly parsley 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Porrum Group. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.8.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. Pelargonium × limoneum. Greek 28. chive 18. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .
Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. .Satureja hortensis.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. Petroselinum crispum var. lemon verbena 21. 18. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 1.Poterium sanguisorba. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia dracunculus var. 9.Monarda didyma. rose 19. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. perhaps overgrown with weeds.Pelargonium tomentosum. summer 10.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Pelargonium graveolens. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. fennel English lavender geranium 4. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. curly parsley sativa. bush basil 3. 17. as was done here. 12. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Foeniculum vulgare. 11. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. white 20. 13. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. French tarragon 2.
Heliotropium arborescens.Galium odoratum. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .salad burnet 6.Rosa eglanteria. 16.Thymus × citriodorus.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Origanum majorana.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. English thyme dill 8. eglantine 23. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. English'. 14.
parsley 5. making the beds larger and the paths wider. The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon thyme 10.A. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. Even in limited space. Japanese yew 17. sativa.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. dill 2. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. 13. however.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia dracunculus var. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. Then the design might need to be expanded. English thyme Greek oregano 4.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. spearmint 16. still observing a scale.Poterium sanguisorba. salad burnet 14.Taxus cuspidata.Satureja hortensis. however.Allium schoenoprasum.Mentha spicata. 7. and the plan could be used at a front door. The garden is conveniently located.Salvia officinalis.Chionanthus virginicus. lovage 15.Thymus × citriodorus. Origanum heracleoticum. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. A. garden sage 8. The image would soon give way to other considerations. 9.Petroselinum crispum. summer savory 11.L. Origanum majorana. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. sweet marjoram 3. 1.S. .
nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > . sweet basil chive 12.6.Ocimum basilicum.Tropaeolum majus.
9.Humulus lupulus. the challenge is obvious. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Teucrium chamaedrys. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. blue lungwort 26. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. sweet violet 16. Jacob's-ladder 3. hop sativa. fennel 19. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Allium ampeloprasum.Thymus × citriodorus.A. 8. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 33. lemon thyme 28. A. 30. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. bee balm 14.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. garden sage 17.Origanum majorana. yellow 29. This is an intimate garden. 7. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. Christmas fern 5.Stachys byzantina.Osmunda cinnamomea.Convallaria majalis. 25. and a gate provides access to the front of the property.Primula vulgaris.Polemonium reptans. Dictamnus albus.Polystichum acrostichoides. Viola odorata.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Pulmonaria officinalis.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. 32. lavender marjoram 2.Asarum canadense. 18. 1. summer 21. salad 20.Artemisia dracunculus var.Digitalis grandiflora. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. The long. 13. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. The number in each planting area is the key number. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage.L. Landscape Architect.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. 31. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. 6.S. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long. fraxinella 15. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. wild ginger 27. Monarda didyma. cinnamon fern 4. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.
Satureja montana. Canada hemlock Standard'. French'.Tsuga canadensis.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Buxus microphylla var. yellow bedstraw 23.Galium odoratum. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Sorbus americana.savory germander Willmott'. crispum.lilac 10. sweet 34.Galium verum.Korean box 11. 35. winter savory 24. French thyme woodruff koreana.
Italian parsley .Origanum heracleoticum.Aloysia triphylla.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. It is a pleasing. Surprisingly. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. To be placed near the kitchen. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. Even so. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. 1." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind.Rumex scutatus. geometric design.Salvia officinalis. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. dill 10. neapolitanum. garden sage 20. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. this design can be an inspiration. lemon verbena 2.Petroselinum crispum var. 19. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. One of the beds. it became part of the patio.
Ocimum basilicum 12. 16. sweet 13. chervil marjoram 21. salad 15.Anthriscus cerefolium.Borago officinalis. crispum.3. summer savory 23.Satureja hortensis. basil sativa. curly parsley 22. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow. French tarragon 5. lemon basil 9.Ocimum basilicum. chive 25. sweet 18.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Satureja montana.Allium schoenoprasum. garlic chive 26.Poterium sanguisorba. winter savory 24. borage 'Purpurascens'. purple basil 4. lemon balm cicely 6. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium tuberosum. sweet 14.Melissa officinalis.Origanum majorana. Alpine strawberry 7. English thyme bush basil 8.Artemisia dracunculus var.17.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Myrrhis odorata.
it is an unusual. The center beds here were established in this way. 14.Satureja montana. English lavender 10. purple basil 4.Hyssopus officinalis. Created in an orderly way.Santolina virens. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. To increase the planting area. As a whole. scented-leaf geranium 2. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. lamb's-ears 20.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.Stachys byzantina.Galium odoratum. D.Rosmarinus officinalis.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus. geometric design. winter 21.C. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. it is full of interesting angles.Pelargonium in variety. sweet cicely 23.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. too. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Thymus × citriodorus.Myrrhis odorata. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. sweet 13.Lavandula angustifolia. 19. blue 22. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. the work paths could be eliminated. green santolina 12. so. gray . rosemary 3. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme lemon thyme 11. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. 1.
Ilex opaca.Artemisia camphorata. silver mound artemisia 18.6.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. classic myrtle 9. horehound24. French thyme santolina 15.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Salvia officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. 25. clove pink 7.Myrtus communis.Dianthus caryophyllus.Teucrium chamaedrys. germander 16. American southernwood holly 17.Artemisia abrotanum. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . camphor-scented wormwood 8.
< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door.Artemisia absinthium. too.Chamaemelum . Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. borage 23. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. yarrow 12. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. lemon balm 22. Ocimum basilicum. purple basil 3. pot marigold 24. absinthe 26. tansy 25. Coix lacryma-jobi.Hyssopus officinalis. which adds its impression of warmth. winter savory 16. This center of interest is of particular note. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Borago officinalis. Lavandula angustifolia. this herb garden is secluded.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosmarinus officinalis. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. sativa. Job's tears 11. Achillea millefolium. blue hyssop 2. English lavender 6. casts the shadow for the hour. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Sometimes space is limited. sweet basil 4. Its arrow points north and. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates.Calendula officinalis. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. sweet woodruff 5.Artemisia dracunculus var. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator.Satureja montana. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. arcticus 21. rosemary 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Melissa officinalis. 1.Tanacetum vulgare. gray santolina 13. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. French tarragon 14. Galium odoratum.
sweet 29.Chrysanthemum balsamita. Salvia officinalis. chamomile 17. pineapplescented sage 9.Symphytum officinale. chive 18.7.Origanum majorana. comfrey20. costmary 'Albus'. white creeping thyme nobile. Salvia elegans.Origanum vulgare. variegated garden sage 8.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. scented-leaf 27.Carya illinoinensis. wild marjoram 28.Syringa. garden sage 19. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Pelargonium in variety. marjoram pecan 10.
sunken into the ground. lovage 22. 8.Artemisia dracunculus var. purple basil Zingiber officinale. 5.Teucrium chamaedrys. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Apium graveolens.Myrrhis odorata. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. When controlled in this way. summer 32. 30. 1. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. for example lemon balm and spearmint. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. rue 31.Allium sativum. rose geranium 2.Marrubium vulgare.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium × limoneum. hyssop Meyer lemon . this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. 4.Satureja hortensis. 6.Salvia officinalis. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 18. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Galium odoratum. sweet cicely 37. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis. 29.Ipomoea alba. The more invasive ones.Ruta graveolens. French sorrel 21. sweet 34. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. sativa.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. true ginger16. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. blue 23. parsley 17. horehound 33. 3. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus.Citrus limon 'Meyer'.Pelargonium graveolens. 36. 9. garlic Levisticum officinale. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. chervil 15. 7. 19. dill 20. lemon balm 35. Anthriscus cerefolium.
Magnolia virginiana.Mentha spicata.Aloysia triphylla.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Japanese yew 39. bush basil 14.Thymus × citriodorus.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. sweet basil 38. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . lemonthyme 28. Greek oregano 12. dwarf nasturtium 13.Ocimum basilicum.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. French thyme 24.Poterium sanguisorba.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.10. salad burnet 25. lemon verbena 11. spearmint 27.Tropaeolum minus. English thyme 26.
however." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. a quick way to ensure good drainage. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. simplify!. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. but. whatever the reason. the insect-repellent pennyroyal. "Simplify. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. < previous page page_22 next page > .
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
Thymus praecox subsp.Ocimum basilicum.Impatiens capensis. parsley 2. jewelweed24.Lindera benzoin. sweet 17. 18. 16.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 3.Artemisia absinthium.Allium fistulosum.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare. tansy 11.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. spicebush absinthe French'.Monarda didyma. dill 13.Capsicum frutescens.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. sweet 15. tomato American pennyroyal 4.Melissa officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Mentha x piperita. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9. 12. rue 20.Mentha spicata.Aloe barbadensis. summer basil savory 7. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. 1. aloe Grossum Group. 26. arcticus.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana. spearmint 21. lemon 22.Rosmarinus officinalis.Lactuca sativa. 14. peppermint 23.Petroselinum crispum. French tarragon 5.Artemisia dracunculus var.Ruta graveolens.Satureja hortensis. bell pepper 6. bee balm 19. balm sativa.Hedeoma pulegioides. lettuce 10. sweet 25.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
Lavandula angustifolia subsp. .< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. faced and capped with random. 8. 1. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house.Teucrium chamaedrys. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. Russian 13. A low wall of brick. germander 7.Pelargonium in variety. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. Thymus praecox subsp. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. arcticus 14. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan. French thyme 2.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. too. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Perovskia abrotanoides. encloses this plan. horizontally laid bluestone.
lemon thyme 10.Campsis radicans. Thymus × citriodorus.Melissa officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina neapolitana 4. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Galium odoratum. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .angustifolia. St. crimson creeping thyme 9. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Hyssopus officinalis. trumpet vine 16.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris. lavender 3.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. blue 11. arcticus 'Albus'.-John'swort 17. witch hazel 18. lady's6. white creeping thyme 5. lemon balm hyssop 12.Hamamelis virginiana. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15.Viburnum cassinoides.
with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. Germander is a proper edging here. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. the shrubsyew. box. However. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. It is. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. holly. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. lilac. < previous page page_28 next page > . Although this is not a large garden. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. however. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Mentha requienii. arcticus 'Albus'. green 27.Comptonia peregrina.Iris × germanica var.Teucrium chamaedrys.Eloise & Jo Ray.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. winter 29. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf privet 48. white hyssop 4.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. lavender 22. florentina.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. Viola odorata.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Corsican 24. Japanese holly 47. sweet cicely17.Stachys byzantina. columnal yew 43. Alchemilla vulgaris. Myrrhis odorata.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. lilac 45.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 18.Hyssopus officinalis. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. 21. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > .Salvia leucophylla. 23.Dictamnus albus. blue horehound hyssop 3. woolly thyme 7. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Ruta graveolens. Marrubium vulgare. mint silver mound artemisia 25. sweet albula. Heliotropium arborescens.Artemisia camphorata.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Iris cristata. lady's. mantle chamomile 5. 9.Thymus praecox subsp. white creeping thyme 37. prostrate rosemary 13. dwarf crested iris 39. red creeping thyme 10. fraxinella 33. orris 38. Japanese holly 42.Cytisus supinus.Santolina pinnata 34.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. Thymus praecox subsp. germander 36.20. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Satureja montana. Thymus praecox subsp. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Artemisia frigida.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. 26. alpine strawberry 8. dwarf box 41. fringed wormwood 16. 32. cottage pink 2. santolina alpine pink 28.Myrtus communis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. 1. 12. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.Borago officinalis. lamb'sears 35. crimson creeping thyme 31. sweet violet 19. clary 30. broom 40. Japanese yew 44. rue 6. Simkins'.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Chamaemelum nobile.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Anemone pulsatilla. classic myrtle 15.Salvia sclarea.Syringa patula.Santolina virens. gray sage savory 14.
The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. the center of interest for the herb garden. The direction a path takes can add interest. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. as is true here in the vegetable garden. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. < previous page page_30 next page > .< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. while adding to the enclosure of the area. an herb garden. This hedge. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. Other paths are brick. a running bond pattern. a cutting garden. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and one has an inset for a garden seat. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. and a vegetable garden. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have.
A.S. . Landscape Architect. A.L.< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.
Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. 53. winter savory 44. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Thymus × citriodorus.Limonium latifolium. candytuft Standard'. cottage pink French'. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10. 52.Galium odoratum. lamb's-ears 49.Origanum majorana.Ocimum basilicum 54. yellow 24.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'. double white peony of-Persia 12. starsMaxima'. white 'Bouquet'.Helleborus niger.Petroselinum crispum var. 1. 47.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'.Magnolia virginiana. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. French tarragon 8.Hemerocallis × luteola. verbena rose chive 11. Dictamnus albus.Santolina virens.Rosa damascena savory crispum.Aloysia triphylla. 14. yellow epimedium 15. York-andLancaster rose 16. lavender 18. blue iris 9. blue 27.Allium schoenoprasum. bush basil 41.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 37.Stokesia laevis. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Origanum heracleoticum. yellow 35. Achillea taygetea. germander 39. 50. 32. alpine strawberry 3. 22.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia sclarea. Rosmarinus officinalis. 55. purple basil Japanese holly 17. plantain lily 2. Campanula persicifolia.Stachys byzantina. statice Solemacher'.Hyssopus officinalis.Digitalis grandiflora.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38.Polystichum acrostichoides.Artemisia dracunculus var. green santolina 42.Ribes alpinum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. pale 28. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. dill wishbone flower 5.Salvia officinalis. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. fraxinella 26. columbine dwarf marigold 6. clary 46.Satureja hortensis. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. lemon 29. Louise'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. French thyme 7. sweet marjoram 45. Christmas 48. Stokes' aster 31.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Satureja montana. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium christophii.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. summer 34. sweet 51.Pelargonium in variety. Anethum graveolens 23. Aquilegia chrysantha. helenium 4.Teucrium chamaedrys. garden sage 56. lemon thyme 40.Lilium candidum. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. blue hyssop 43.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. sativa.
as in this case. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. While serving as a soil retainer. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. < previous page page_32 next page > . An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall.
Galium odoratum.Iris pseudacorus.Aloysia triphylla. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. Ocimum basilicum. Landscape Architect. English 44. Borago officinalis.Viola odorata.Alchemilla vulgaris. Monarda didyma.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F. sweet 23. The number in each planting area is the key number.Mentha spicata.45. lemon 22.Thymus × citriodorus. Melissa officinalis. borage 26. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. . spearmint 41.R. lemon verbena 46.Lavandula angustifolia. 1. crispum. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. 21. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.A. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.A. lamb's25. bee balm 24. 42.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Allium schoenoprasum.Tanacetum vulgare var. lady's43. Stachys byzantina.Iris cristata.
Mentha pulegium.Artemisia absinthium.Foeniculum vulgare. tabasco senna pepper 20. Proliferum Group. garlic chive 48.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'. catnip 50.Verbascum thapsus. savory sativa. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. Greek 53. pink hawthorn 16.Origanum majorana. 40. myrtle 58. curly mint 30. citrata. pineapple38.Cassia marilandica.Salvia elegans.Ruta graveolens. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. 33.Allium sativum. carpet bugleweed 8. rosemary 9.Nepeta cataria. 52. orange mint 29.Allium ampeloprasum.Satureja hortensis. curly parsley oak 17. rue 51.Salvia officinalis. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Artemisia abrotanum.Allium cepa.Allium tuberosum. Ajuga reptans.Elaeagnus pungens. 57.Artemisia dracunculus var. mullein chive 47.Petroselinum crispum var.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha × piperita var. wild 39. sweet marjoram 28. Rosmarinus officinalis. leek 49. southernwood 31.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Petroselinum crispum var.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Dianthus caryophyllus. flowering dogwood 15.7. 56. clove 55. pennyroyal 54. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. polyantha rose 12. Egyptian onion 11.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. dill 34. 37.Capsicum frutescens.Rosa × rehderana. summer 32. salad burnet 10. post crispum 'Banquet'. garden sage 36. absinthe English thyme 27.Origanum heracleoticum.Quercus stellata. horehound neapolitanum. Porrum Group. Poterium sanguisorba.Cornus florida. French tarragon holly 13. fennel 35.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Anethum graveolens.Vinca minor.Crataegus arkansana.
but it is more than adequate for potpourri. Although this is a northeast exposure. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. However. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. mothproofing bags. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. sleep pillows. and vinegars. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. < previous page page_34 next page > . A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden.
Wilcox. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G.
Tropaeolum minus. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . garden 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium fragrans.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Ocimum basilicum 27.Calendula officinalis. purple basil sage 11. pot 28.Salvia oficinalis. Petroselinum crispum var. anise hyssop 14. Artemisia pontica.Levisticum officinale. salad 22.Tsuga canadensis. Thymus × citriodorus. English finger-bowl geranium 38. blue hyssop 35. 21. dwarf nasturtium 37. burnet lovage 6. Santolina chamaecyparissus. lettuce in variety 25.Thuja occidentalis.Rosmarinus officinalis.Laurus nobilis. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. French tarragon 10.The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12.Melissa officinalis. Ruta graveolens.Satureja montana. lemon 31.Allium cepa. 24. daylily in variety 41.Artemisia abrotanum. winter 29.Artemisia dracunculus var. Egyptian onion 42. tansy 16. costmary 5.Pelargonium graveolens. 'President Poincare'. chive 43. lilac 32. nutmeg geranium 39.Pelargonium × limoneum. 19.Agastache foeniculum.Pelargonium tomentosum. bee balm 30. Poterium sanguisorba. Hallock'.Galium odoratum. 50.Allium schoenoprasum. peppermint geranium 40. Roman 20. southernwood 9. lemon verbena 36. 49. American rosemary arborvitae 34. balm valerian 15.Iris × germanica var. florentina. round-headed garlic 46.Monarda didyma. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. 1.Alchemilla vulgaris.Hemerocallis.Rumex scutatus. French gray santolina sorrel 8.Salvia elegans.Hyssopus officinalis .Tanacetum vulgare. 'Monge'. lemon 18. Lactuca.Allium sativum var.Allium sphaerocephalum. 23. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. orris 17. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. bay 48. lily leek 44. dwarf savory garden sage 13. lavender 7.Valeriana officinalis.Allium pulchellum 47. rue 26.Mentha spicata. crispum. Proliferum Group.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Salvia officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Aloysia triphylla.Allium moly. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. garden sage 2. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
Invasive. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. is the focus of the middle level. < previous page page_36 next page > . with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. A simple knot. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.
< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia elegans. bee balm 26. white thrift 24.Marrubium vulgare. pineapplescented sage 47. valerian 5.Foeniculum vulgare. dwarf winter savory 2.Sempervivum tectorum. horehound 46.Monarda didyma. houseleek 45. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. sativa.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Armeria maritima. Valeriana officinalis. golden thyme . summer savory 43. fennel 25. foxglove 4. pineapple mint 22.Poterium sanguisorba. French tarragon 44.Satureja hortensis. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. thyme 3. salad burnet 23. Digitalis purpurea.Artemisia dracunculus var. 1. Satureja montana 'Nana'.
eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet 50.Eranthis hyemalis. pot 35. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20. white creeping thyme aconite 14. garden 42.Hyssopus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. viper's 34. blue hyssop 57. angelica Lenten rose 10. Salvia sclarea. 40. Isatis tinctoria. marigold chive 15.Symphytum officinale. Madonna cicely lily 12. dyer's woad 7. 33.Ruta graveolens. 61. sweet 32. lavender Christmas rose 11.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. feverfew climbing rose 16. lady'smarjoram mantle 9. sweet 37.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. rue 31. yellow 41. parthenium.Levisticum officinale. clary 48. dwarf edging box 21. pink 59. pink 62. rosemary 28.Galium verum.Rosa eglanteria. Dictamnus albus.Anemone pulsatilla. absinthe 53.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. 30.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lilium candidum. 39. Angelica archangelica.Crocus sativus.Alchemilla vulgaris.Sium sisarum.Foeniculum vulgare. fraxinella 8.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Calendula officinalis.Helleborus orientalis.Artemisia absinthium. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . 38. English 52.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. arcticus 55.Thymus praecox subsp.Echium vulgare.6. 54.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. skirret 60. China rose comfrey 19. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia viridis.Lavandula angustifolia. white 58.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Origanum majorana. germander 56. sweet basil sage 27. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Ocimum basilicum. French'.Rosa 'Tausendschön'.Laurus nobilis.Helleborus niger.Agrimonia eupatoria. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Chrysanthemum 36. annual clary 51.Galium odoratum.Salvia officinalis.Myrrhis odorata.Rosa chinensis.
The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. even though space is limited. < previous page page_38 next page > . Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Carya ovata. However. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and the shagbark hickory. There is variety in this plan. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose.
Paxton. Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.
angelica Mondarda didyma. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. Canada Isatis tinctoria. Poterium sanguisorba. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. Marrubium vulgare. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. valerian Rosa damascena. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata.Arisaema triphyllum. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. germander Agastache foeniculum. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. flax Buxus sempervirens. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. box Ruta graveolens. box Buxus sempervirens. Asarum canadense. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. French Galium odoratum. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. borage Petroselinum crispum. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. dogwood Salvia sclarea. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. Adiantum pedatum. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. citrata. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. red mint . orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. green santolina Primula veris. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis.Galium verum. sweet basil Satureja montana. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. bee balm Melissa officinalis. Aloysia triphylla. chive Ilex opaca. box Carya ovata. sativa. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. lamb's. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. stewardsonii. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. Artemisia absinthium. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. rue Cornusflorida. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. A singular statue of St. first intended for the construction of a cottage. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. A clump of birch here. it is open on the side facing the house. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. unplanned look was desired.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. too. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. An informal. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. this excavation. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. is on a sandy knoll. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. However. < previous page page_40 next page > . a dipping pool there. For this appearance.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Lavandula angustifolia. myrtle 14. Thymus × citriodorus.Vinca minor. 31. 74. marsh 42.Origanum onites.Consolida orientalis. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Coriandrum sativum.Mentha × piperita.Nepeta cataria.Armeria maritima.Urginea maritima. lemon balm 44.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'. 52. 61. Iris × germanica var.Betula papyrifera.Pelargonium tomentosum.Ocimum basilicum. rose bergamot valerian 25. 36. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Chelidonium majus. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.The number in each planting area is the key number. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21.Viola tricolor. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. apple mint 49. 30.Althaea officinalis. winter savory 20.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia elegans. sweet 71. gray scented sage santolina 4.Petroselinum crispum.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. 68. bee balm . celandine cicely 18.Myrrhis odorata. red mint 48. woolly thyme 13. 12. pot 66.Thymus praecox subsp. 'Prostratus'. purple basil 9.Achillea tomentosa.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Pelargonium quercifolium.Artemisia abrotanum. sea onion angelica 24. fern-leaf tansy 23. 1. 78.Thymus herba-barona. 32. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 38.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Pelargonium denticulatum.Valeriana officinalis.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. 72. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. 75.Digitalis purpurea.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. blue 2.Satureja montana. peppermint 47. 59. thrift55. orris chamaecyparissus. lamb's-ears parsley 19. creeping juniper 26. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. garden sage lungwort 57. Thymus praecox subsp.Ajuga reptans.Santolina florentina.Angelica archangelica. Sempervivum tectorum. pineapple3. lemon 35. Artemisia dracunculusvar. 76. 60.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Teucrium canadense. golden 37. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. 53. Ruta graveolens.Convallaria majalis. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Monarda fistulosa. 63.Digitalis grandiflora. Johnny-jump-up54. catnip 73.Marrubium vulgare.Stachys byzantina. 64. mint 50. white birch English lavender parthenium. wild 51. feverfew 27. pennyroyal 46. French'.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'. orange geranium 11. 34.Mentha suaveolens. 33.Glechoma hederacea. prostrate rosemary costmary 56.Mentha × gentilis.Pelargonium crispum. 67.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Poterium sanguisorba. 58.Chrysanthemum balsamita. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6.Mentha spicata. spearmint 45.Salvia officinalis. 65.Pulmonaria officinalis.Anthriscus cerefolium. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Origanum majorana.Anethum graveolens.Levisticum officinale.Mentha pulegium.Hyssopus officinalis.Chrysanthemum 80. 79. 70.Origanum vulgare. 77. 8. rue 29.Rosa 'Merry England'.Satureja hortensis.Pelargonium graveolens.Tanacetum vulgare var. wild 43.Melissa officinalis.Allium favum lovage 22. 69.Monarda didyma. chive crispum. rose geranium 10.
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made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. the accents of the six large box. and the two small trees. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the same as the smokehouse construction. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Because of the edging box. They are clustered around the smokehouse. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. making it more a part of the herb garden. Foundation stone. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. < previous page page_42 next page > . and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. is used for the wall.
A. A.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect.S.L. .
Fritillaria imperialis. chive comfrey curly mint 8.Pulmonaria officinalis. crownbasil savory imperial 11.38. European ginger 4. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12. balsamita. fringed 43.Chrysanthemum 28.Mentha × piperita var.Levisticum officinale. Satureja hortensis.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. lemon 34. pineapple mint 18. winter 42.Galium odoratum.Ocimum basilicum. sweet cicely45. sweet 26. 22. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Myrrhis odorata. balm citrata. purple basil sativa.Artemisia dracunculus var.Melissa officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. Origanum majorana.Prunus domestica. 47.Allium giganteum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. 39.Mentha × piperita. verbena English thyme 5. 21. lemon basil 15.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10. 27.Artemisia frigida. Rosmarinus officinalis. Corsican 33. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . 1. blue angelica lungwort 20. Dictamnus albus. sweet marjoram 2. 40.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Aloysia triphylla. English 'Minimum'. white 23.Alchemilla vulgaris. Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 36.Crataegus laevigata.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6.The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf edging box 14. 44. box 'Citriodorum'. Asarum europaeum. lady's.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 35.Ocimum basilicum 32. Lavandula angustifolia. 41.Crocus.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. summer 25. Ocimum basilicum 24. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. rosemary 3.Mentha requienii. species in variety crispum.Mentha spicata. sweet 37.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. fraxinella 17. lovage 46.Viola tricolor.Lilium candidum.Satureja montana.Buxus sempervirens. 'Purpurascens'. spearmint 48.Ocimum basilicum 30.Angelica archangelica. orange mint 19. Symphytum officinale. 31. bee balm 29.Tanacetum vulgare var.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Artemisia abrotanum.
This is true also of the stone curbing. the dwarf box edging. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. although it is ample at four feet. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. pink of Dianthus. too. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. two specimen shrubs. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Lowgrowing. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. This hedge. Instead. a soil retainer. The dipping bowl. < previous page page_44 next page > . The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock.
< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.A. Landscape Architect.S.L. .
2. sweet 47. 50.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > . winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23.Mentha × piperita var.Galium odoratum. gray 22. clary 32.Convallaria majalis. lamb's-ears 28. 53.Ocimum basilicum. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium christophii. Madonna 63.Nepeta mussinii.Anemone blanda. white 42. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. angel's-tears 59. 43. 20. spearmint 48.Crocus tomasinianus.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'. rue25. 44.Mentha × piperita. 36.Mentha spicata.Mertensia virginica.Leucojum aestivum. borage 31.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Pelargonium in variety. Thymus doerfleri. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. 56.Crocus kotschyanus.Narcissus asturiensis.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'. 'Lanuginosus'. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Cimicifuga racemosa. 1.Galanthus nivalis. Compactus'. Origanum majorana.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'. 52. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium giganteum angelica 11.57.Heliotropium arborescens.Crocus angustifolius. 58. sweet 55.The number in each planting area is the key number. thyme 29.Satureja montana. Santolina chamaecyparissus. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 51. orange mint 8.Lilium candidum. 40. Stachys byzantina. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. lemon 33. prostrate rosemary 18. Thymus praecox subsp. winter savory 39.Pelargonium in variety. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Helleborus niger.Salvia sclarea. lily. 54. catmint 35. tulip citrata.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 49.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. angustifolia 'Nana'.Aloysia triphylla.Digitalis grandiflora.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12.Santolina virens. 17. green santolina 37. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14. arcticus 30. Salvia officinalis. caraway thyme albus. marjoram crocus 7. verbena snowflake 19.Tulipa clusiana. 61.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'.Tulipa kaufmanniana. 46.Helleborus lividus subsp.Dicentra spectabilis. 45. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Myrica pensylvanica.Narcissus triandrus var. golden thyme41.Thymus herba-barona. Spanish bluebell 16. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13. black cohosh windflower 15.Angelica archangelica.Teucrium canadense.Borago officinalis. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 34. sweet 27. American 38.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. 26.Sternbergia lutea.Crocus speciosus. lemon 60.Hamamelis virginiana.Levisticum officinale.
its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. Morning sun warms it early. very livable and profoundly satisfying. this herb garden was designed before the house was built.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. First. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The results have been most satisfying. Second.
L.Salvia sclarea.Tulipa tarda. 25. woolly thyme 3.Salvia officinalis. English thyme 43. absinthe sativa.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. . 1.Artemisia dracunculus var.A. garden sage 4. crocus 44. Thymus praecox subsp. 'Lambrook Silver'. The number in each planting area is the key number. clary thyme 22. sweet basil 23. Origanum heracleoticum. Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. Beauty'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. wild celery 42.Artemisia lactiflora. Ocimum basilicum. Landscape Architect.Allium neapolitanum. A.S. tulip 45. white Greek oregano mugwort 6.Tagetes 'Lulu'. lemon 21.Allium ampeloprasum. leek 46. 26. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Crocus sieberi. Artemisia absinthium 24. marigold 41. French tarragon 5.Apium graveolens. Porrum Group.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'.Asclepias tuberosa. pink 30. sweet 37. red currant gray santolina 13. American elderberry 15. 32.Cornus florida. weed chive 48.foxglove 7. green 40. bee balm foxglove Choice'.Stachys byzantina.Ipomoea alba.Petroselinum crispum var. butterfly 47. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Aconitum napellus. dogwood 19.Origanum majorana. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Crataegus phaenopyrum. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Levisticum officinale.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'.Nepeta × faassenii. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27. white evergreen azalea 16. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Clematis 'Mrs. catmint 53. alpine 28. lovage 34. Robert verbena Brydon'. pale 49. lamb's-ears 52. Lavandula angustifolia. 54.Artemisia camphorata.Tropaeolum minus.Dictamnus albus. blue 38.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'.Hyssopus officinalis. yellow 55. fraxinella 36.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 8.Lobelia siphilitica.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. 29.Dianthus × allwoodii. lobelia Sherbert'. Viola odorata. clematis 11.Allium senescens var. lemon 50. 39.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Ilex opaca.Digitalis grandiflora.Malus hupehensis. 56.Hedera helix 'Baltica'. American marjoram Yellow'.Galium mollugo. 58. viola holly 18.Ribes sativum.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Achillea filipendula 60. monkshood upright yew 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. great 31.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57.Aloysia triphylla.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley 20.Santolina virens.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
Well-drained as they are. an impression of Sol in it. A birdbath of copper. repeats again the octagonal form. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. even though the growing area is not extensive. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. are raised with bricks on edge. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > .< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. The four herb beds.
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Heliotropium arborescens.Salvia officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus. absinthe 20. lemon 41. dill 18. thyme salad burnet 40. lemon 39.Mentha × piperita. French tarragon 7. clary 21. 19.Pelargonium graveolens. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. peppermint 4.Ruta graveolens. lavender 15. Stachys byzantina. curly parsley 32. Artemisia dracunculus var.Marrubium vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. heliotrope 31. 27.Pelargonium crispum.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. purple basil 24. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. silver mound artemisia 8.Pelargonium tomentosum. 42.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia sclarea. 28. spearmint southernwood 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Mentha spicata. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. Semple. 43.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. French 26. purple variegated garden sage 36. catmint 6.Allium tuberosum. Galium odoratum.Rosmarinus officinalis. orange santolina geranium 11.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium schoenoprasum. lavender pine geranium chive 13.Lavandula angustifolia. sativa.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Lavandula dentata.Petroselinum crispum var. white creeping thyme 12.Pelargonium denticulatum. rue 35. rosemary 33. Artemisia abrotanum. 29. angustifolia. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. prostrate rosemary 34.Pelargonium odoratissimum. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Santolina 25. English thyme horehound 2.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Aloysia triphylla. crispum. 1.Joan E. curly mint 3. lemon 30. lamb's-ears 17. golden variegated garden sage 38. Anethum graveolens. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14. sweet woodruff 9. bush basil 23. variegated garden sage 37. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .Nepeta mussinii. sweet basil 22.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. clove pink 10. Artemisia absinthium. 16. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.
lemon verbena. In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. rose. a toolhouse. too. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. There are a number of plants suitable for such use.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. A birdbath may replace the pool. rose geranium. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. A suitable fence. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. and lantana are a few. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. < previous page page_52 next page > . or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. if neither is available. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones.
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lavender 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. zonal geranium 18. zonal geranium 19. gray santolina chamomile 14. rosescented geranium 17. fern-leaf tansy 8. A.Artemisia absinthium 11. geranium 16. Landscape Architect. woolly thyme 15. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. arcticus 'Albus'.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Pelargonium × blandfordianum.Chenopodium botrys. white creeping thyme 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. absinthe 'Minimum'. 9.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.A. sweet santolina marjoram 6.Thymus × citriodorus. lemon 10. verbena ambrosia 4. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina virens.Aloysia triphylla. green 12.Tanacetum vulgare var. crispum.Pelargonium frutetorum.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Heliotropium arborescens. heliotrope 21.Origanum majorana. lemon thyme 20. 7. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . 1.Thymus praecox subsp. bush basil 5.Rosmarinus officinalis.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.S. 13.L.
a deep mauve to others. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Hyssop hedges define the circles. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Angelica. but the design itself has endured forty years. Box and holly enclose it all. mints. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > .< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. artemisias. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. The dwarf box frames the focal point. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. box. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. These can easily obliterate a design. apothecary's rose. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. the design is clearly traced. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. As the snows melt. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. a sundial. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing.
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orris 57. piney 44.Tanacetum vulgare var.Helleborus niger. nasturtium 28. valerian 6.Monarda fistulosa. germander 43. orris box 22.Artemisia absinthium. marjoram lungwort crispum.Syringa.Pulmonaria officinalis.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. crimson creeping thyme 18. wild 52. 26.Lavandula dentata.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Paeonia officinalis. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Valeriana officinalis. thrift 41.Lavandula angustifolia.Helleborus orientalis. Origanum majorana. winter savory 32.30.Armeria maritima. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 1.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'. fern-leaf tansy 5.Reseda luteola.Arisaema dracontium. Satureja montana. 'Albus'. 65.Symphytum officinale. weld 54. garden sage Christmas rose 10. 56. daffodil 17.Taxus.Lilium candidum. perilla 51. dyer's woad 9. masterwort 69.Alchemilla vulgaris. absinthe 34. arcticus 38. chamomile 31. grape fennel 19.Myrrhis odorata. white 66. gray 37.Thymus praecox subsp. 67.Asclepias tuberosa.Sium sisarum.Perillafrutescens.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.James D.47.Sedum telephium. clove pink 29.Melissa officinalis.Santolina neapolitana 36.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Helleborus atrorubens 12.Origanum onites. sweet 27. southernwood 2. Canadian burnet 13. 48.63. dwarf edging box 21.Santolina chamaecyparissus. white creeping thyme French'.Vitis. white dead 49.Asarum europaeum.Artemisia camphorata. 58. Pelargonium in variety.Allium schoenoprasum.Isatis tinctoria. green santolina 24. blue hyssop 42. lady's-mantle 46. alpine 60. Dianthus caryophyllus. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Teucrium chamaedrys. arcticus 39. lamb's-ears 33. bush basil nettle orpine 4. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Iris × germanica var. Rosmarinus officinalis. rue 23.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. arcticus 40.Stachys byzantina. Tropaeolum majus.Buxus sempervirens. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. 59. Santolina virens. butterfly weed35. bronze 64. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. Graham.Foeniculum vulgare. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Pyrus communis. florentina.Galium odoratum. sweet woodruff45. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Lamium album. rosemary 25. feverfew 14.Astrantia major. lilac 70. blue 50. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . French thyme Madonna lily 16. skirret 53.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium. yew Beauty'.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. houseleek Lenten rose 11. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. 55. scented.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'.Alchemilla alpina.Thymus praecox subsp.Sempervivum tectorum. green. 62. Chamaemelum nobile.
< previous page page_56 next page > . Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. rising from the courtyard. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. with buds of red. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. Rosa 'Albertine'. If there is room for only one rambler rose. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. The brick edging around each bed is a help. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. The large." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. They are small specialty beds. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. pink. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. However. In addition to the brick edging around each. include this one. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. but no panacea for the maintenance required. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. At the top of the steps.
pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. subsp. English thyme . lemon balm 42. caraway 24. angelica 20.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 40.Melissa officinalis. foxglove 39.Borago officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. alpine strawberry 3. rhubarb 2. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. tansy Bois'. 23. winter savory 41. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number.Satureja montana. 22.Rheum rhabarbarum. bush basil 43.Tanacetum vulgare.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 1. Carum carvi. lavender 4. Angelica archangelica. Lavandula angustifolia.
35.R.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. curly parsley 26. blue hyssop 25.Pelargonium. centifolia 'Cristata'.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. marguerite chive 9. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.sativa. rose 28. 29. French 33. centifolia var. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Anethum graveolens 47.R.Tagetes filifolia.'Baronne Prevost'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Lavandula dentata. cheddar pink 53. Irish-lace 48. silver 27. musk rose 12.Calendula officinalis.Origanum majorana. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. muscosa 15.Artemisia dracunculus 44. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.Allium schoenoprasum. 49. pineapple34.Aloysia triphylla.Salvia elegans. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. Mexican tea 18. geranium in 30. Thymus 'Argenteus'. centifolia.Chrysanthemum 46. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'.Chenopodium 55. borboniana 'La Reine 14. French'. salad 7.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Laurus nobilis.Satureja hortensis. var. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Pelargonium graveolens. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. bourbon rose 10. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. prostrate rosemary 16. Hyssopus officinalis.R.R. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Dianthus Victoria'. lemon 51. pot 50. 54.Teucrium chamaedrys.Chrysanthemum. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. Consolida ambigua. citrata.Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha × piperita var. 45.6.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32.R. thyme frutescens. 36. 56. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Marrubium vulgare. clove pink Mammoth'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.R.R.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 31. sweet 37.Petroselinum crispum var.'Albertine'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.R.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.
It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. too. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. It is near the house.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Laid in an unusual pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. as it should be. Balance is augmented. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. < previous page page_58 next page > . this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
lavender 2.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'.Thymus praecox subsp. gray 15.Heliotropium arborescens. English'.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. Rosmarinus officinalis.Poterium sanguisorba. 17. 19. sweet basil 14.Aloysia triphylla. English thyme signet marigold 11.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lucile Teeter Kissack. 24.Origanum majorana.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum.Salvia officinalis. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Anethum graveolens.A.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. A. 1. 16. blue hyssop 13. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. Landscape Architect.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. santolina moss rose 7. dill 9. 20. heliotrope 3. double white peony 5.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. dwarf edging box 8.Myosotis sylvatica. 21. white creeping thyme 4. rosemary yellow viola 10.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Allium schoenoprasum. arcticus 'Albus'.S.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. green 22.Santolina virens.L. 23.Satureja hortensis. chive lemon verbena 6.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .Hyssopus officinalis.
too. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. winter pruned. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. potted lemon verbena. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. and a comfortable. and the grape arbor. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. < previous page page_60 next page > . The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. Herbs.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. the fence with roses. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The grape vines. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. lovage Myrrhis odorata. three. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. BED II germander BED IV 2. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Galium odoratum. Teucrium chamaedrys. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. conical yew rosemary 1. purple variegated garden sage 4. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. sweet climbing rose. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus.Amsonia tabernaemontana. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. 3. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. Althaea officinalis. marsh climbing rose. Valeriana officinalis. Stachys byzantina. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. Nepeta mussinii. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Iris cristata. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica.Connecticut Vera Breed. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Aloysia triphylla. lemon Linum perenne. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.
Thymus × citriodorus. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon thyme 9. beach Marrubium vulgare. creeping thyme in variety 8. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. lavender 10. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. lemon Anemone hybrida. plume Baptisia australis. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. Chamaemelum nobile. houseleek in variety 7. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Thymus. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. Delphinium × belladonna.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Sempervivum. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. catmint 5. tuberosa 6. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. fairy rose Giant'.
this was replaced with ''edging" box. holly. if desired. Another angle could be tried with these. blue green. grew too large. Herbs. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. myrtle. planted in bands across these beds. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. its detail is shown below. and bright green in the herb beds. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . tend to broaden the width of the garden. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. Ivy. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. magnolia. Later. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. silver. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. Either it flourished too well. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
19.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 6.Pelargonium fragrans.Marrubium vulgare.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. French thyme 39.Teucrium chamaedrys. rue 20. English'. lovage 48.Mentha spicata. Borago officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp. English ivy burnet 10. Ocimum basilicum 22.Laurus nobilis.Thymus × citriodorus.Monarda didyma. purple basil savory 35.Artemisia abrotanum. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Hedera helix. bush basil albula. tansy 45.Origanum majorana. bayberry balm thyme 13.Pelargonium graveolens. bee balm30. 49.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. Tropaeolum minus. dwarf 21. gray santolina 15. Ruta graveolens. myrtle 47. 28. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. sweet 34.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Poterium sanguisorba.Tanacetum vulgare. English thyme chamomile 2. French 27. Ocimum basilicum 24.Satureja montana. silver golden garden sage thyme 9.Artemisia dracunculus var.Chamaemelum nobile. 'Minimum'.Thymus doerfleri. white creeping thyme 41. lamb's.Vinca minor. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Thymus herba-barona.Galium odoratum. winter 'Purpurascens'. horehound germander 17. lemon 46.Myrica pensylvanica. caraway thyme 40. box chamaecyparissus. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia. spearmint 42. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Ilex opaca.Thymus carnosus. lime geranium 4. 33. bay rosemary 12.Buxus sempervirens 14.Levisticum officinale. thyme 38. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. ears rose geranium 3. thyme 37.Rosmarinus officinalis.Magnolia grandiflora. woolly thyme 8. borage 26. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. Stachys byzantina. silver-king artemisia 23.Melissa officinalis.Rumex scutatus. 1. sweet woodruff 36. arcticus 'Albus'. 25.Artemisia ludoviciana var. salad 43.Mentha suaveolens. lemon 29. 44. dwarf edging box 11. purple garden sage 7. American holly 31.Pelargonium × nervosum.
too. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. adding to the space for walking. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. brick. and treessome of which are espaliered. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. too. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. potted shrubs. maypoles. It is located for the best viewing. It is a large garden. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The use of flagstone. Laurus nobilis. < previous page page_64 next page > . There is variety in the walks. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. standards. The four potted bay. a maypole of cherry tomatoes.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. accent this prime focal point even more.
apple English thyme up geranium 3.acerifolium.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.P. 26. Johnny-jump. love-in.Nigella damascena.50. Thymus × citriodorus. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.quercifolium.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.Chenopodium botrys.odoratissimum.Viola tricolor. 49. fragrans. musty oakscented geranium 5. 25. Satureja montana. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. lemon 29. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2.P. pot 52.P.P. 1.P.53. winter 27.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 51. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium .Calendula officinalis. wild 28. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.
41.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'.Poncirus trifoliata. salad 42. rose geranium66.Anethum graveolens. English lavender 32.Malus. arcticus43. glutinosum. radens. Hyssopus officinalis. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. strawberry 48. golden lemon thyme 7. chamomile 8. garden sage 54.Mentha pulegium. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. 61. Chamaemelum nobile.P. sweet flag 16.Salvia caerulea. wild thyme 31. graveolens. bronze 38.Pelargonium crispum. tomentosum. 58.Artemisia abrotanum. crispum 'Minor'.Thymus praecox subsp. 64. 57. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.Mentha. fern-leaf 60. sweet 37. lemon-rose geranium 22.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. lemon 65.P. 62.P. rosemary 9. blue hyssop 10.Acorus calamus. radens 'Dr.Malus angustifolia. 44.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Monarda didyma. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.Marrubium vulgare. denticulatum. lemon geranium 33.Fragaria vesca. crispum.P.P. lime geranium 55. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. peppermint 67. bee balm 63.72.Aloysia triphylla.P.Livingston'. lettuce 40. 71.6. lemon balm 45.P.Melissa officinalis. crowfoot 70. orange geranium 23. camphor-scented geranium 69. forsythia 'Albus'.Levisticum officinale.× nervosum.P.Thymus serpyllum.Lavandula angustifolia. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'.Poterium sanguisorba.Foeniculum vulgare. denticulatum 11.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Origanum majorana.Viola odorata. pine crispum. cherry tomato chive 17.P. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Allium senescens var.Artemisia dracunculus var. bay 20. white sweet yarrow violet 13.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis. French tarragon Rose'. Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon southernwood geranium 34. lemon 47.P. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. classic 21.Origanum dictamnus.P.P.Achilleafilipendula. fern-leaf 'Nana'. lemon geranium 56. dill 36.P.Petroselinum crispum. white creeping thyme geranium 68.Tanacetum vulgare var. pheasant's.Forsythia.Allium schoenoprasum. lettuce 39. horehound 46. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Myrtus communis. box 19. parsley 35. graveolens 'Camphor sativa.
The result is one of sculptured elegance. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. This is a large garden by any standard. In keeping with this feeling. and Allium karataviense. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. too.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. green santolina. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. < previous page page_66 next page > . the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
Hyssopus officinalis. green santolina 14. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. garden sage 18. 1. Baker. gray 10.Levisticum officinale. blue hyssop 16.Allium sativa. dwarf garden 17.Foeniculum vulgare. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. fringed 7. 15.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. chive 4. Santolina virens.Salvia officinalis. arcticus.Florence B.Liriope muscari.Salvia officinalis.Allium moly. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Thymus × citriodorus. 8. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. Mentha suaveolens. Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus praecox subsp.Artemisia frigida.Allium christophii. big blue lilyturf 12. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Satureja montana.Santolina chamaecyparissus. winter savory 9. lemon 11. apple mint 13. wormwood fennel 2.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. and the front porch of the house. for the box after new spring growth. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the square. the circle. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. < previous page page_70 next page > . Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. the upper deck. Many herb gardens could provide this. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia. dwarf myrtle 6. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > . lavender 5. Italian cypress 9. chamomile 2.Satureja montana.Cedrus deodara. lemon 8. dwarf edging box 7. viola 3.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Chamaemelum nobile.The number in each planting area is the key number.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. winter savory 4.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Cupressus sempervirens. 1.
It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. from Peter Coats. Coin with Tudor rose design.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. Paths are gravel. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright.. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Roses. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. as it was with this plan. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Crithmum maritimum. blue hyssop 2.Lavandula angustifolia. fennel 21. Origanum majorana.Poterium sanguisorba. oxlip 17.Melissa officinalis. rue 33.Viola odorata.Fumaria officinalis. monkshood27. spearmint 30.Iris pseudacorus.Petroselinum crispum.Rosmarinus officinalis. sweet violet 6. lemon balm 31. clove20. chamomile 4. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. 34.Buxus sempervirens.Satureja montana. Thymus serpyllum. Dianthus caryophyllus. Hyssopus officinalis. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11.Ruta graveolens. 22.Fragaria vesca. Malva sylvestris.Mentha × piperita. parsley 29. Madonna 23. caraway 35.Aconitum napellus. classic myrtle 18. absinthe peppermint 8. English pasqueflower primrose 14.Primula vulgaris. sweet marjoram 3. 19. Foeniculum vulgare.The number in each planting area is the key number. Chamaemelum nobile.Bellis perennis.Lilium candidum.Carum carvi. lettuce 28.Lactuca sativa. English daisy 36. saffron lily crocus 12.Mentha spicata. rosemary 16. yellow flag 26.Myrtus communis. 1. salad burnet 10.Primula elatior. 25. Eryngium maritimum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Crocus sativus. wild thyme 5.Calendula officinalis. mallow 13.Viola tricolor.Anemone pulsatilla. earth 24. winter 32. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . pot marigold 15.
concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. spurred. its tufted. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. white. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. but Always Love. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. However. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. plumed. Selected for this reason. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. silver mound.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. most of the blooms are nightscented. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn." Concrete blocks. white blooms and woolly. along with a measure of fragrance.
silver 16. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. horehound 2. white .Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. sweet 31.Marrubiam vulgare.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. petunia 30. lamb's. 17. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 1.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 'Albus'.19. white 32. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. silver mound artemisia 3. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Lilium candidum. Stachys byzantina.Dictamnus albus. pink 15. Dianthus 'White Lace'. Thymus 'Argenteus'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.Galium odoratum.Galanthus nivalis.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.
28. clary 24. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Artemisia stellerana.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Artemisia lactiflora. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . needle florentina. Yucca filamentosa. dame's honesty rocket 14. lavender 12.21.Malus 'Guiding Star'. 26. sweet violet 20. rose 40.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. 25. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. orris 8.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Lunaria annua. tulip 37.Iris × germanica var. Artemisia absinthium.Polianthes tuberosa. moonflower 39. tulip 38.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. Viola odorata.Ipomoea alba. lily-ofthe-valley 11. white stock absinthe 10.Convallaria majalis. tuberose 36.Salvia sclarea. white 27.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'.6.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia ludoviciana var. white 22. beach mugwort wormwood 9. 23. rose 41.Hesperis matronalis. daffodil 35.Matthiola incana. Adam's. western mugwort 7. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. albula.Artemisia ludoviciana.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.
An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. required their use as an educational adjunct. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. < previous page page_76 next page > . too. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. This herb garden. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. Many of these herbs lack the hues. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. related to an old mill reconstruction. textures. Rather. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
mulberry balm bedstraw 18. St. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. 34. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Genista germanica.Sanguinaria canadensis.Anthemis tinctoria.Anchusa officinalis. privet marigold 15.Reseda luteola. madder 54. 37. peach bracken sorrel 19.Coptis trifolia.Allium cepa. flax 21.Rumex obtusifolius. sweet 49. 26.Genista tinctoria.Parmelia conspersa. 22.Chelidonium majus.Rubia tinctorum.Isatis tinctoria.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. dyer's broom safflower 6.Agrimonia eupatoria. Manila 25. bee 36. Scotch broom hemp 7.38. yellow 55.Dipsacus sativus.Cladrastis lutea. Boehmeria nivea.Hypericum perforatum. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. sumac poke 17. African 45. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.46.Polygonum hydropiperoides. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. onion China jute 4.Hydrastis canadensis. 53.Prunus persica.Carthamus tinctorius.Morus rubra or alba.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .. black-eyed 50.Coreopsis tinctoria. sisal 27. weld 57.Tagetes erecta.Mahonia aquifolium.Ligustrum vulgare.Solidago species.Crocus sativus. alkanet 52. Gossypium hirsutum.Rhus typhina. 39. queen. Agave fourcroydes.Rudbeckia hirta. 1.Tagetes patula.Rumex acetosa. kenaf dock dockmackie 5. goldthread 41. woad Susan laevifolium. saffron crocus marguerite 3. 48.Furcraea hexapetala. French 33. 47. golden 40. Hibiscus cannabinus. 43.Galium verum. 29. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Viburnum acerifolium. 32.Berberis vulgaris.51.Vaccinium angustifolium var. stinging nettle44. ramie 24.Cotinus coggygria. Linum usitatissimum.Monarda didyma. 28.Filipendula ulmaria.Galium odoratum. broad 42. 23.Urtica dioica. Sansevieria trifasciata. 35. Musa textilis. 20.Phytolacca americana. garden 56. fuller's 30.Indigofera tinctoria.Convallaria majalis. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. Abutilon theophrasti.Cytisus scoparius.Pteridium aquilinum. dyer's 31. Agave sisalana. lily. blueberry 13. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10.
pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. as well as the roses. < previous page page_78 next page > . A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. A totally appealing edging. Elsewhere. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 22. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 24. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. 18. cl. 'Belle Amour' 6. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Seven Sisters'. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Alfred de Rougemont'. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 1. Legras de St. 25. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'Mignonette' 5. 'American Pillar'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . rambler 19. 'Queen of the Prairies'. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. cl. 'Marie Pavic' 8. 'White Rose of York' 3. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. 'Mme. 'Empress Josephine' 7. cl. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. cl. cl. 'Sombreuil'. 23. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. rambler 20.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number.
< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. The notch of four square feet. Circles and angles provide interest. < previous page page_80 next page > . There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20.sativa 'Ruby'.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.B. chive 42. annuum 'Nosegay'. Beauty'. 29.annuum 'Floral Gem'.A. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. annuum 'Fips'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. 30. annuum 'Teno'. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'.S. 26. C. 40. cherry tomato 34. kohlrabi Rock'. C.S.B.Cichorium intybus. red-flowered kale 6.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. white-flowered kale 49. C. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18.A. 39. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. C. curly eggplant parsley 23. graveolens var.L.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. red 37. celery I 31. C.Solanum melongena var.B.C. scorodoprasum.esculentum 'Long Black'. 24. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. graveolens var. graveolens 'French Dinant'. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.B.C. 25. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. annuum 'Mosaic'.B. shallot Lakes'. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.B. schoenoprasum. oleracea (Gemmifera 7.B. melongena 1.A. melongena 2. celery Group. giant garlic var.B.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.A. celery Bed 9.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. 28. Petroselinum crispum var. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'.A. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. annuum 'Black Prince'.C.C. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.C. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. dulce 'Utah 5270'. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. 27. Boerner. 32. 48. dulce 50. oleracea 'Prima'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. cepa Proliferum Group. graveolens var. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.B.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. Capsicum annuum var. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. annuum 'Golden Bell'. tuberosum.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.C. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. garlic chive 44.Apium graveolens var. leek 5.B.B. 45. C. ruby swiss chard var. C.A. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . annuum 'Variegata'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. pear Purple Vienna'. dulce 47. annuum 'Red Boy'. crispum 'Banquet'.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33.A. sprouts celery 8. oleracea 'Green Parade'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. 22.A. lycopersicum var. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.A. eggplant 43.L. red 38. annuum 'Pinocchio'.
and golden thyme. All of the circles. When viewed from the terrace above.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. for each is a complete entity. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. arcs. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately. winter savory.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
19.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. Landscape Architect.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. green 14.P.P.P. Teucrium chamaedrys.P. pungent-scented geranium 25.P. 1. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. × domesticum 6.P. golden 11.P. grossularioides. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. × nervosum 'Torento'. gooseberry geranium 24. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. Marshall. odoratissimum. rose-scented geranium 4.P. apricot geranium28. crispum 'French Lace.P. thyme gingerscented geranium 2.P.P. Santolina virens. Satureja montana. graveolens.. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.Melissa R.Ilex glabra. peppermint 26. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > .L. rose geranium 27. oak-leaved geranium 16. P. scabrum. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. 29. tomentosum. 17. germander crowfoot geranium 21. inkberry geranium 9. lemon geranium 22. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5.' lemon geranium 23. 12. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. acerifolium. P. 15. orange geranium 8.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'.P.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. lime geranium Rose'. Livingston'.Myrica pensylvanica. crispum. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Assoc. A.A. maple-leaved 18. P. winter 13.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.S.P. The number in each planting area is the key number. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. radens 'Dr. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'.P.× nervosum.
on page 37. English lavender 2. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. 1.Lavandula angustifolia. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. blue hyssop 3. especially when it is blooming. Maintenance is high for a knot." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. such as a dwarf edging box. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design. and growth to the plants of the knot design. closed knot design. .Santolina virens. filled with plants that have contrasting color. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual.Hyssopus officinalis. For the knot to look its best at all times. which is framed with a brick edging. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. Its interspaces can be mulched. texture. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. sand. was planted using edging box only. or marble chips. To ease the care for a more complicated design.
gray santolina 3.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box 4. 1. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. green santolina 2.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. arcticus 'Coccineus'.
1. creeping thymes.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. caraway thyme 9. 'Munstead'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'.T. fig 4. arcticus 'Albus'. 8. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. Teucrium chamaedrys. Rosmarinus officinalis. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. variegated garden sage . arcticus 'Coccineus'.S. the height of the edging. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. praecox subsp.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. garden sage dwarf edging box 6. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. herba-barona.officinalis 'Tricolor'. The knot material is maintained at six inches. which is found more often out in the open. rosemary creeping thyme 2. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. white 7. Some maintenance is required for clipping. In another departure from the usual.T. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. which are confined to that area. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. purple variegated 11. lavender Japanese barberry 5. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
gray santolina 2.Teucrium canadense. lavender .Lavandula angustifolia subsp. American germander 3. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.Santolina chamaecyparissus. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden. Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. setting it off admirably. germander .Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.2.
The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. adding another facet to an appealing design.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. which are also laid on edge. pleasing color. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. a complement for the colors of the plant material. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. < previous page page_88 next page > . each one a quarter-circle. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. again laid on edge.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
silver thyme 6.Thymus 'Argenteus'. 16. curry plant 7.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Artemisia frigida.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. woolly yarrow 23.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Salvia clevelandii. lavender 9.Stachys byzantina. Russian sage 24.The number in each planting area is the key number.Teucrium fruticans. candicans. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . 18.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Helichrysum angustifolium. dwarf gray santolina 20. lavender 5.Lavandula dentata var.Santolina neapolitana 10. tree artemisia 26. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Dianthus × caryophyllus. lavender 8. 17. glaucum 11. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. tree germander 22. blue sage 13.Leontopodium alpinum.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'.Salvia argentea.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. samphire14. gray santolina 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. silver sage 15. grenadin pink chamomile 4.Anthemis tinctoria. 1.Artemisia arborescens.Anthemis marschalliana. rue 21. French lavender 3. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Perovskia atriplicifolia. dwarf 12.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium senescens var.Crithmum maritimum. silver horehound 19. golden marguerite 25.Marrubium incanum. fern-leaf yarrow 27.
but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. which include hanging baskets.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. thyme. lady's-mantle. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. Styles of containers. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. oregano. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Some are rosemary. sweet marjoram. are without number. < previous page page_90 next page > . and the savories. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. basil. If one is familiar with herbs. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. The color of the container plays a lesser role. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. As with other plant material.
the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. as with this container herb garden. < previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often.
< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. Of course supervision is necessary.< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. A. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained. such an outlay would be unwarranted. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest.A. If children's interest is not sustained. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.L. LandscapeArchitect. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. and so they are strictly uncomplicated. < previous page page_95 next page > . However.S. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer.
< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. they are easily handpicked. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. A sundial can be fun and also educational." selected for their greater fragrance. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. These are ''old roses. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. < previous page page_96 next page > . Instead of benches on the patio. Just keep a garden design for children simple. too. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. Children in this age group can help with the construction.
< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A. A.S. Landscape Architect. .L.
The number in each planting area is the key number.Origanum majorana. garden sage 24.Artemisia camphorata. American 21.Calendula officinalis.Nepeta cataria. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. borage 15. horehound 26.Chenopodium botrys. pot marigold 8.Artemisia abrotanum. lily leek 30.Lavandula angustifolia. 16. catnip 27.Rosa damascena. glaucum 31.Salvia officinalis. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Hedeoma pulegioides.Allium sativum var. 20.Tropaeolum minus.Isatis tinctoria. 19. 1. Italian parsley 23. Levisticum officinale. dill pennyroyal 11. southernwood 5. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. cottage pink 18.Satureja hortensis. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. English lavender 4. English lavender 7. ambrosia 2.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. Nigella damascena. dwarf 6. garlic chive 29. ophioscorodon. clary 25. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. love-in-a-mist 14. summer savory 22. 13. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17.Allium moly. Petroselinum crispum var.Petroselinum crispum var. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . Dianthus plumarius.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia sclarea.Allium tuberosum. crispum.Anethum graveolens.rocambole 28. neapolitanum.Allium senescens var.Rosa gallica. damask rose 32. lovage 12. Borago officinalis. alpine strawberry 3.
previously used as a skating rink. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. are a seal and a turtle.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. not noted on the plan. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. The oval. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. All are inviting to the touch. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. < previous page page_98 next page > . The sculptures.
. F.R.A.A. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park.
fat-hen Primula veris. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. coltsfoot Mimulus. mint Tagetes. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. borage Tanacetum vulgare. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. duckweed Antennaria. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . garlic Lavandula angustifolia. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. dog violet Lemna. bee balm Satureja montana. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. English Tussilago farfara. bee orchid Erigeron. chive dandelion Allium sativum. tansy Monarda didyma. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. winter savory Mentha. Allium schoenoprasum. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. marigold Salvia officinalis. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. Trifolium pratense. chamomile Mentha. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. Greek Stachys byzantina. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. cowslip Linaria. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. Nepeta cataria. fleabane Stellaria. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. lousewort Viola canina. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. Foeniculum vulgare. mint Galium odoratum. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria.
feverfew. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. an exceedingly long one. and old barn beams another about the same height. its wooden structure long gone. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. Still. Their height eases the task of weeding. Instead. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. a mint. < previous page page_101 next page > . Its plant list. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. for an old barn foundation of stone. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. developed particularly for study. it is a most satisfying growing situation.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Here. are superb for displaying potted herbs. A number of wooden window frames. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
silver thyme 105. wormwood germander 9.Chelidonium majus. balm horehound 14. white creeping thyme 97.Thymus praecox subsp. garden sage 84. 42. camphor.Calamintha grandiflora.Tanacetum vulgare var. 55.A.Viola tricolor.Rubia tinctorum. officinalis 'Aurea'.49.Plantago major.Melissa officinalis.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. × citriodorus.-John'swort 91. purple basil English lavender 18. arcticus 'Albus'. celandine madder 79.Pelargonium crispum. marsh mallow 13. 'Clear Gold'. 64. foxglove cypress spurge 21. wild lemon basil ginger 16.Stachys grandifora 93.Genista tinctoria.Rosmarinus officinalis.Valeriana officinalis. angelica lemon geranium 5.Veronica serpyllifolia.A.Ocimum basilicum. fern-leaf tansy 95. 44. richardii subsp.Digitalis lanata. crispum.Lychnis coronaria. golden lemon thyme 99. 45. praecox subsp. pot marjoram bugloss 27. bee balm lovage 20.Chrysanthemum balsamita.T.Achillea millefolium. camphorata.Aloysia triphylla. pallasianus.O. absinthe 51.T. herba-barona. lemon verbena 106. 66.Asarum canadense.Acinos alpinus.S.Levisticum officinale. onites. southernwood houseleek 12. creeping veronica . arcticus 'Coccineus'. basilicum 'Minimum'. 43. officinalis 'Purpurea'.Alchemilla vulgaris.O. 62.Agastache foeniculum.Monarda didyma.Satureja montana.Angelica archangelica. praecox subsp. alpine savory 89.Euphorbia cyparissias. officinalis 'Tricolor'.Sempervivum tectorum. stellerana.T 'Argenteus'. Grecian 59. abrotanum. bee balm57. majorana.Sium sisarum.Artemisia dracunculus var.A. 48. basil blue hyssop 15.T. plantain 80.T. odoratissimum.O. absinthium.T.Galium odoratum. rue 83. golden marjoram 26.P. nitidus. catmint 63.Poterium sanguisorba.Ranunculus ficaria. 61. foxglove 2. rose sativa.T.Althaea officinalis. caraway thyme 103.Physalis heterophylla.A. 'Purpurascens'. × citriodorus 'Aureus'.O. pontica.S. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. graveolens. crimson creeping thyme 96. pot marigold 25. sweet 41. viper's 65. salad burnet blue lungwort 22.Geranium robertianum. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. 54. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. sweet violet 40.Marrubium vulgare.Myrrhis odorata. golden thyme 98. Roman 46.Agastache cana. southernwood ground cherry 10. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.T.Hyssopus officinalis. rampion 81.Campanula persicifolia.Lavandula angustifolia. golden variegated garden sage 86. 1. French tarragon geranium 7.P. calamint valerian 24.Digitalis purpurea.Teucrium chamaedrys. woolly thyme 101.Nepeta mussinii. tomentosum. lemon 52. beach 47. sweet 53. didyma 'Rosea'.Viola odorata. variegated garden sage 87. betony 92.S.T.Hypericum perforatum. yarrow herb Robert 4. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. rose costmary campion 23.Salvia officinalis. St. pink 58.Campanula rapunculus. lesser 67. odorous thyme 104. basilicum 56.Ruta graveolens. dyer's woodruff broom 3. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Pulmonaria officinalis.P. apple wormwood geranium 8.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Echium vulgare. mosquito plant 19. purple variegated garden sage 85.O. 50.A. lemon thyme 100.Calendula officinalis. bush basil lady's-mantle 17.A.Stachys officinalis. 60. skirret 90. winter savory 88.M. thyme 102. sweet cicely 94. rosemary 82.
M. × piperita var. chamomile 30.Yucca filamentosa.M. dyer's woad 110.Origanum vulgare. spicata. veronica 108.M.Allium sativum. pin cherry 39. red mint comfrey 33.V. apple mint 69. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Oenothera biennis.Chamaemelum nobile.Symphytum officinale. tree onion 112.Chrysanthemum 78.Anthriscus cerefolium.Atriplex hortensis. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Primula veris.Chrysanthemum parthenium. yucca 109. chicory 70.Myrtus communis. moth 113. cowslip 72. citrata. pineapple mint 31. 71.Dianthus plumarius 75.Lilium candidum.Helichrysum angustifolium.Origanum dictamnus. feverfew cinerariifolium. 114. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. chervil 68.Prunus pensylvanica. blattaria. 76.29. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .Laurus nobilis.Mentha suaveolens.Chrysanthemum 74. evening 77.A.Lysimachia vulgaris. garlic 111.M. 73. Madonna lily leucanthemum.cepa. orach115. Proliferum Group. suaveolens 'Variegata'.Veronica officinalis. wild 116. orange mint 32. ostrowskianum 34.Sorbaria sorbifolia. × gentilis.Verbascum thapsus.Cichorium intybus.A. spearmint 107. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117.Isatis tinctoria. curry plant mullein 35.
Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Francis. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. not just hiding it. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. but not obvious. A wheelshaped bed. < previous page page_104 next page > . This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. A statue of St. of good proportion for the size of the opening. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. its outline constructed of brick. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. only those not found on other lists are noted here. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. Eriobotrya japonica. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. California lilac Origanum vulgare var.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. AREA IV Ixia maculata. cat Watsonia rosea. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. AREA VI japonica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. poet's Solidago californica. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. Eleocharis dulcis. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Vetiveria zizanioides. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. lion's-ear prismaticum. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. potato Brassica eruca. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. labdanum Cistus crispus. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. white Justicia carnea. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. menthifolia. loquat Cichorium intybus. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. Sidney Ephedra viridis. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. Cestrum nocturnum. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > .
The damask rose 'Celsiana'. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. emphasizes the circle. < previous page page_106 next page > . All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. scented-leaf geraniums. to name a few. and a third a culinary garden. The exterior brick path. or potpourri. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. another a Mary garden. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. not only for hardiness where needed. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. an "old rose" and fragrant. is a center of interest. its pattern bordered in correct proportion.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. One is a garden of legends. but also for proper leaf size. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white dead 24. Viola tricolor.Galium verum. pyrethrum 5. garden up sage 10.Mentha spicata.Ruta graveolens. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Allium schoenoprasum. pot 26. spearmint 22. English ivy rosemary 8. flax 17.The number in each planting area is the key number.Narcissus mustard 14.Crocus sativus. lady's. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Hedera helix. absinthe 4. English thyme 13. black 23. 1. angelica 2.Ornithogalum umbellatum.Calendula officinalis. Johnny-jump. blue 18. chive bedstraw 16.Rosmarinus officinalis. hyssop rose 9. 27. Angelica archangelica. Chamaemelum nobile. Artemisia absinthium. sweet 21.Ocimum basilicum.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'.Origanum majorana. rue 28. dill 11. saffron crocus marigold 7. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Lamium album.Salvia officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Brassica nigra. Anethum graveolens. costmary 6. sweet marjoram basil 12. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . chamomile 3. Linum usitatissimum.20. yellow 25. Hyssopus officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris.
It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. < previous page page_108 next page > . biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate.
rue Malva alcea var. peppermint Laurus nobilis. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. blue Lamium maculatum. perennial flax Galium odoratum. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. beach Monarda didyma. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. sweet Myrtus communis. thyme Cnicus benedictus. bay Echeveria × imbricata. Russian 'Prostratus'. spearmint Mentha × piperita. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. Artemisia absinthium. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. Cotinus coggygria. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. clove Marrubium vulgare. lemon balm Mentha spicata. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. fastigiata. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'. Myrrhis odorata. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris.
< previous page page_110 next page > . There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. simply on a smaller scale. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. and huge. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. Appropriately used as accents. This is a general rule observed. millstones.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. features a closed knot of superior design. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. too. Viewed from the terrace garden. The generous use of edgings.
< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. and the mulch. germander 2. angustifolia 'Munstead'. Landscape Architect. A.Santolina chamaecyparissus. cheddar pink 4. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.A. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. 'Tiny Rubies'. has its size dictated by a rule of design.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. that of good proportion. Routine clipping is required. lavender 5. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. The number in each planting area is the key number. gray santolina 7. six feet in diameter. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones.Hyssopus officinalis. blue hyssop 3.Santolina virens.Teucrium chamaedrys.S. green santolina 6. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. Design plan of herb garden 1. of greater size than is commonly found. dwarf box .Lavandula angustifolia subsp.L.
witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. goat willow Sassafras albidum. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. plum Prunus maritima. honey locust Cornus florida. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. beach plum Corylus avellana. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. box Calycanthus fioridus. shadbush Salix caprea. japonica. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. quince Magnolia virginiana. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. black haw Prunus americana. dogwood Pinus nigra.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. box Myrica pensylvanica.
'Long-leaf Gray' T. praecox subsp. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Lavandula. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Currently. and a miscellany of others. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. arcticus 'Rosea' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. doerfleri T. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. arcticus T. its plant material varied. praecox subsp. 'Doone Valley' . leucotrichus T. Salvia. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. herba-barona. However.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. Rosmarinus. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. silver thyme T. 'Argenteus'. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. As a rule. caraway thyme T. 'Annie Hall' T. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment.
officinalis 'Prostratus'. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. guaranitica. 'Clear Gold'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. Mexican bush sage S. involucrata. woolly thyme T. angustissimus. golden thyme T. angustifolia subsp. ramie . sweet lavender L. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans.T. autumn sage S. heterophylla. officinalis 'Aurea'. anise sage S. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. greggii. vulgaris 'Albus' T. dentata. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. golden variegated sage S. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. angustifolia. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. purple variegated garden sage S. crimson creeping thyme T. English lavender L. praecox subsp. praecox subsp. golden rosemary R. angustifolia subsp. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. blue sage S. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. leucantha.
Cedronella canariensis. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
L. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. which were located between the water supply. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. family needsmedicinal. to sweeten the air. Physostegia virginiana. for scrubbing pots. used in salads or boiled. Herniaria glabra. Sium sisarum. rupturewort. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. The house. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. culinary.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Smith. Circumstances determined these priorities. Cheloneglabra. obedient plant. Prunella vulgaris. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Hesperis matronalis. horsetail. The apple trees. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . Primarily. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Equisetum arvense. balmony. constructed of brick made on the property. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. a well beside the house. to lure bees. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all.
This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. < previous page page_116 next page > . Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. Today. while functional. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. for a few are in use now. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. too. too. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
15.Laurus nobilis. pomegranate 3. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4. garlic 9. trumpet 11.Punica granatum. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Sambucus canadensis.Lonicera sempervirens. Banksia rose 14. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Malus angustifolia. Gardenia jasminoides.Syringa × persica var.Lonicera flava.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa banksiae. Cape jasmine 10.Allium sativum. 16.Wisteria frutescens. yellow 12.Ficus carica. rosemary 2. southern laciniata.Lagerstroemia indica.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. fig 6. bay 7.Prunus angustifolia. wisteria 13.Pinus taeda. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. 1.
Italy. < previous page page_118 next page > . one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The effect would be quite different without them. Appropriately. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. too. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
bee balm 28.Asclepias tuberosa.Ruta graveolens. rue 56.Agrimonia eupatoria. horsemint lobelia 23. 30. foxglove 41. sweet 27. borage 31.Vinca minor. dogwood horehound 18.Lonicera sempervirens.Cassia marilandica. pot 48.Pulmonaria officinalis. fuller's teasel 67.57.Rosmarinus officinalis. wild ginger69.Levisticum officinale. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17.Punica granatum. 63.Monarda punctata. 50.Symphytum officinale.Cimicifuga racemosa.Hypericum perforatum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Dipsacus sativus. hyssop sassafras 20.Paeonia officinalis.Cornus florida.Crocus sativus.Anethum graveolens.Rubus allegheniensis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. saffron crocus 25. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. sweet flag marigold 24. black 29. blue 46. 38.Laurus nobilis.Mentha spicata. yellow-root 7. spearmint 62. basil chive 3. peppermint 52.Hyssopus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Foeniculum vulgare.Chimaphila umbellata. 1.Sassafras albidum. bay lavender wintergreen 21. blue 44. yarrow lungwort 22. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Rosa laevigata. fennel 40.Ocimum basilicum.Teucrium chamaedrys.Tanacetum vulgare.Asarum virginicum.Marrubium vulgare.Achillea millefolium. American holly 16.Verbascum thapsus.Eupatorium perfoliatum.Gaultheria procumbens. peony 51.Lavandula angustifolia. 70.Santolina chamaecyparissus. sweet shrub 10.Ilex opaca.Borago officinalis. mullein 49. comfrey germander pomegranate 14. sweet 64.Melissa officinalis.Populus balsamifera.Mentha × piperita. butterfly 32. 60. catnip 34. 61. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Pinckneya pubens.Galium odoratum.Digitalis purpurea. 68. 66.Lobelia siphilitica.Salvia officinalis. lovage 35. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . myrtle 53. St. 54. box chamomile 9.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Calycanthus fioridus. balm autumn crocus 2.Buxus sempervirens.Acorus calamus. 37.Hamamelis virginiana. 45. clove 36. 33. sativa. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Calendula officinalis.Monarda didyma. garden sage 59.Mentha pulegium. agrimony 58. tansy 65.Artemisia abrotanum.Armoracia rusticana. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Lindera benzoin.Chamaemelum nobile. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lilium candidum.Colchicum autumnale.Elizabeth Lawrence.Allium schoenoprasum. 43.Nepeta cataria. lemon 26. senna woodruff 15. 42. 55. white periwinkle spicebush 13. dill 39.Dianthus caryophyllus. great 47.Xanthoriza simplicissima. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6.Ilex vomitoria. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.
Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. of herbs for one loaf of bread. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. In any event. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. preventives. < previous page page_120 next page > . the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. This is true for the remedies. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. and fragrances they developed. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. 1 T. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. of herbs per pound for meat loaf.
catnip 16. lavender lovage 3. quince 24.Salvia officinalis. spearmint 17. black haw 23. sweet marjoram 6. peppermint 18. horsemint 20. caraway 19.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. English thyme rosemary 7.Mentha × piperita.Origanum majorana.Viburnum prunifolium.Digitalis purpurea. foxglove 12. garden sage 8.Artemisia absinthium.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Cydonia oblonga. pot marigold 2. absinthe 9.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosmarinus officinalis. 14. Calendula officinalis. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Monarda punctata.Levisticum officinale. sweet basil 13. 1. winter savory 4.Papaver somniferum. blue hyssop 21.Pyrus communis. opium poppy 5.Tanacetum vulgare.Hyssopus officinalis. horehound 15.Ocimum basilicum.Carum carvi. tansy 11.Satureja montana.Mentha spicata. apothecary's rose 22.Marrubium vulgare. English 10.Lavandula angustifolia.Nepeta cataria.
from early Moravian settlements. Allowed such freedom of expression. centrally located. and if the best has not always survived. one dated 1759. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. the other 1761. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. to study it.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. The main paths of brick unify the garden. makes it something of a focal point. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. < previous page page_122 next page > . The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. and bricks raise the beds. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. Some could be used singly. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. often it is reconstructed. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. for example the large square bed with circular path. The beds are used to achieve balance. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. Shaded by hop vines. The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. Thus it was for this garden.
< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G.A. A. . Campbell.L. Landscape Architect.S.
lemon 64.Foeniculum vulgare. daisy crape myrtle 23.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Magnolia grandiflora.Narcissus poeticus.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. hop southernwood 39. dill 73. damask coriander rose 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rubia tinctorum. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22. clove 53.Passiflora incarnata.Cnicus benedictus.Carum carvi. 74. 52.Alcea rosea. holy thistle 58.Rosa centifolia. chamomile 17.Mentha spicata.Althaea officinalis.Gelsemium sempervirens.Rumex acetosa. Madonna lily 59.Achillea millefolium. orach 76.Vitis. love.Nigella sativa. Carolina jessamine 38. rhubarb 10. catnip 70.Lilium candidum.Tropaeolum minus. blessed thistle 8. clary 30. dwarf nasturtium 13. cockscomb 47.Dianthus caryophyllus.Salvia sclarea.Nepeta cataria.Matthiola incana. 66. mugwort67. corn poppy 79. caraway 72.Tanacetum vulgare. saffron peppermint crocus 35.Rosa eglanteria.The number in each planting area is the key number.Rosa damascena.Celosia cristata. parsley 32. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . absinthe 45.77. hyssop maypop 42. English thyme 2.Tropaeolum majus.Cercis canadensis.Amaranthus caudatus. rue 14.Melissa officinalis. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Ocimum basilicum.Mentha × piperita. French rose 18. marsh mallow 7. comfrey 33.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia abrotanum. virgin's bower 40.Artemisia vulgaris. columbine 29.Ficus. sweet 55. 68.Inula helenium.Allium sativum.Ruta graveolens. elecampane 11. hollyhock 51.Origanum majorana. garden nasturtium 12.Narcissus tazetta.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia officinalis.Scabiosa atropurpurea.Bellis perennis.Petroselinum crispum. English 78.Papaver rhoeas.Consolida ambigua.Chamaemelum nobile.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa roxburghii.Saponaria officinalis. chestnut rose 43.Crocus sativus. blue 63.Stachys officinalis.Armoracia rusticana.Atriplex hortensis. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Rosa moschata. 48. spearmint 57. lovage 9. blue 69. polyanthus narcissus 60. 54. borage 5. stock 50.Symphytum officinale. basil moss rose 44.Rheum rhabarbarum. grape larkspur 41. sorrel 65.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa gallica. yarrow 4. lavender rose 21. madder 16.Salvia viridis.Aquilegia vulgaris. balm chive 37.Lagerstroemia indica. cabbage angustifolia. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. fennel marjoram 28.Humulus lupulus.Pulmonaria officinalis.Artemisia absinthium.Cornusflorida.Clematis virginiana. annual clary 3. garden sage 15. poet's narcissus 61. rosemary49. 62.Borago officinalis. 1.Coriandrum sativum. betony 82.Levisticum officinale. sweet 71.Silybum marianum. garlic lungwort 36.Asparagus officinalis. black cumin 46. horehound 56.Hydrangea quercifolia. eglantine Group.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. 81. 80.Colchicum autumnale. red pepper 20.Anethum graveolens. asparagus 31.Hyssopus officinalis. redbud 24. autumn crocus 34. tansy 6.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
the western. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. even boggy. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. The next most desirable exposure. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. A ravine and existing. and the north point is established. Calluna (heather). an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. Thus. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. First. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. far from the house. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. it is proper to make a trial run. The lesser the scale. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Usually this is least desirable. Although some observations may seem obvious. This space was never adequate. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter.
single bed. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. as the drawing on p. There is the housegarage structure on one side. 127 indicates. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. The outline is fixed. Indeed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. Then. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. and the property line on the last. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. but it need not be identical. another is close to the rear of the house. The general outline is similar. The. It was a pleasurable assignment. and the search did not take long. all four sides are so determined. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. certainly not precisely the same. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. Culinary herbs will fill a large. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. < previous page page_126 next page > . The new herb garden has been located. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs.ground where drainage is better. a driveway on still another.
One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. something is amiss. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. forming the outer boundary of the service path. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. then north. as in this case. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. If all is well. this low wall will enclose the garden area. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. If. In fact. Two drawings were required to work out problems. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. In addition. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. There was no .< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. With the plan established.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. however. this was. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. and the finished edging would be effective. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. Before edgings could be put in place. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. However. . a lapped joint was fashioned. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. the site required some leveling. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. At corners. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. not one completed in a weekend. admittedly. the eight-foot length was more practical. eight. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. In this area. However. but it was a dot-it-yourself project.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. In this case. In the earlier stage of planning. A structural edging was in order.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
There are no steps within the herb garden itself. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. Aged compost. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. sand. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. filling the beds with soil was next. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. Weeds. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. this same base underlies all the paths. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Paving for the terraced area is brick. A choice of five colors was available. but there are exits to different levels. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. The pattern is running bond. leaves. selected for its simplicity. This method of treatment now guarantees . Unfortunately. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Heavy black plastic. One is the ramp to the driveway. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. The latter need to be more substantially paved.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. for they will likely have more traffic. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. had been proof of that. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. could serve this purpose.
even bed for the pavers. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. on a trial run of one course of brick. However. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. worth the added cost. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm.
. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. In this instance. converging where it was logical to do so. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. Herbs have flourished in the beds." their construction can be somewhat varied. the terraced area. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. since that path borders the house. French drains. Sometimes called "rubble drains. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. and the steps to other levels. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. learned about decades earlier. for it would interfere with the drainage system. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope. With the completion of the paths. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone.
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for example. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. and so on. not necessarily referable to botanical species. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. in tenths of an inch. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. and so on. Its arrow points north and. having a variety of gradations. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . hundredths of an inch. often a wall or trellis. in inches. albula. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. a garden plan. sixteenths of an inch. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. is symmetrical. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. E EllipseAn oval. casts the shadow for the hour. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. twelfths of an inch. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. for example.
ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. heated especially by fermenting manure. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. GrindstoneMillstone. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence.3). turf. Pea gravelSmall. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. a flat. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.3. loose. a patterned garden.brick) in the same course. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. its compartments filled with flowers. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Usually a few inches thick. ForthrightA straight course or path. or colored earths. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. M ManufactoryA factory. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. rounded fragments of rock. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. also called rubble drain. G GazeboA freestanding. roofed structure usually open on the sides.
an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. a < previous page page_131 next page > .rafters.
ranking between species and variety. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. walls. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. or steps. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. R Rose. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. Stone. TreillageLatticework for vines.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. cutting. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. < previous page page_132 next page > . dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. called also a hose cock. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. W Wall. snug fit for walks. not treelike or with a single trunk. Turf seatBanked-up earth. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. often planted with aromatic herbs. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. V VarietyA category below species. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose.
Herbsfor Every Garden. Foster. Kent: The Herb Farm. Rosetta E. Edlin. Beston. 1980. 1911. Seal.. Bardswell. 1944. Garden City: Doubleday. New York.: Buckeye Printing Co. New York: Crown Publishers. Garden Design. . Independence. 1979. Herbs and the Earth. New York: Macmillan. 1971. Foster. Rosemary F. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Prof. Complements. Brownlow. 1951. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. . John. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1971. John Philip. Fox. New York: Dover. How Plants Get Their Names. The Garden (An Illustrated History). Daniel J. 1980. 1963. Aurora. T. Putnam's Sons. The Cultivated Basils. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Sydney: B. Erichsen-Brown. Flannery. Sylvia. Darrah. Bailey. L. P. New York: Viking Press. 1962. Toronto. Peter. New York: Macmillan. 1958.. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. H.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. London: Saturn Press. Crowe.. Terrace. and Accessories. ed. Roses. Earle. 1942. New York: Simon and Schuster. Charlotte. John E. 1982. Henry. L. 1972. 1961. 1966. Bailey Hortorium. Alice Morse. 1976. Berrall. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. 1951. 14701670. Harriet Ballard. Helen Morgenthau. The Small Garden. Carpenter. W. 1977. Gertrude B. 1972.. Herbals. New York: E. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms.C. London: Country Life. Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan. S. H. Baumgardt. 1957. Clarkson. Dutton & Co. Frances A. Jot. Gertrude B. London: Marshall Cavendish. Hanging Plants for Home.. Green Enchantment. Foley. Book of the Geranium. Helen H. London: Adam and Charles Black. London. Room Outside. . 1966. Staff of. Coats. The Herb Garden. Sevenoaks. Cross. London: Macmillan. 1938. New York: Viking Press. and Louden. British Plants. Greenwood. New York: Hawthorne Books. Batsford. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Agnes. P. Margaret E. Robert Lee. New York: G. New York: Macmillan. Julia S. 1902.: Geo. 1970. Mo. Doran & Co. Behme. 1935. 1973. Park Seed Co. Brookes. Park's Success with Herbs. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. and Garden. Liberty Hyde. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. 1933.
Leighton... 1975. Dutton & Co. Flowers of the Field.. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. 1970. 1946. Sarah. Lawrence. Helen K.: Herald Publishing Co. 1952. P.. New York: Clarkson N. New York: Dover. How to Select. Loewenfeld. Harold N. Franco.. Loewenfeld. New York: De La Mare. Loyal R. 1969. Jones. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. The Berry Book. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Lawrence. New York: Macmillan. 1983. Howard. New York: Macmillan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Early American Gardens. Ann. Geraniums for Home and Garden. chemist. Rosengarten. Books. 1911. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century.) Rohde. Grow and Enjoy. Paul B. A Biblical Garden. The Art of Dyeing. < previous page page_133 next page > . 1976. 1938.: Chronica Botanica Co.. New York: Dover. Division Billboard Publications. Claire. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Pa. Philippa. 1970. Alice Recknagel. . Muenscher. Modern Herbal. A Garden of Herbs. Eigel. 1981. Ireys. M. and Rice. Herbs.. 1959. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. New York: Macmillan. New York: Harper & Bros. Mary U. (1st American edition trans. 1978. Waltham.. Roy. 1974. Alma. and Alma L. Norma Jean. The Book of Spices. 1982. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Bernard Hickey. New York: William Morrow & Co. 1964. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. Vegetable Dyeing. 1969. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. London: George Routledge & Sons. Landscaping with Vines.. Hendrickson. Miller. P. Lesch. Potter. Pozza. Grieve. 1981. Gardens in Winter. Lerner. Moldenke. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Claire. Elizabeth. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Toronto: Little. Cherokee Plants. Krauss.. ed. A. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Myron. M.. London: Faber and Faber. 1976. Rev. 1974. Frederic. Carol. Johns. Adelma G. McFarland. 1972. Patrick M. J. 1961. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. Plants of the Bible. Kiaer. New York: Crown Publishers. 2d ed. Tucson: H.C. and Back. New York: Van Nostrand. Johnson. Hamel. and Brunello. New York: William Morrow and Co. Vicenza. Wynnewood. N. 1975. New York: Doubleday. 1973. 1966. 1971. and Synge. Neri. Boston. Mrs. 1971. Robert. Walter. The Herb Garden. Lathrop. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Frances. Amy Bess. and Chiltoskey. Shaker Herbs. New York: E. Roses of the World in Color. Boston. 1951. Hay. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. Simmons. 1979. Italy. Sylva. George H.. New York: Viking Press. Brown & Co. C.Garland. Co. Dorothy Bovee. Jr.: Livingston Pub. Eleanour Sinclair. Mass. Horace.
Herbs in the Garden.A.A. . Mrs.S. Leonard Dreyfuss.L. A. Mrs. Cozart. Vivian. Yang. ed. Winthrop G. Giroux. Taylor. Louise Beebe. Shrub Roses of Today. New York. Mrs. Price. Rhoda Specht. Martin's Press. New York: St. Hines. L. Nelva M. William C. Thacker. Tarantino.. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. William Radler.A.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.S. John Ormsbee.A. Mrs..A. Mrs. New York: William Morrow & Co. Mrs. Sandy Hicks. Stearn. London: Phoenix House. Michael. New York: Simon & Schuster.. New York: William Farquhar Payson. 1942.A. Bradner. L. Leonie. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. New York: St. Jr. The History of Gardens. Mrs. Bleecker. ed. Elizabeth Lawrence. Mrs. Norman. 1979.. Mr. L.A.. Landscape Architecture. Botanical Latin. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Malcolm. London: Phoenix House. Philip Batchelder. Associate. Thomas. George T. Mrs. L. F. . Graham. William T. Gannaway. 1972. 1953.S. New York: Simon & Schuster. Susan W. Marshall. Donald Paxton. 1976. L. Margaret Osborn Holt. Plimpton. 1972. 1931. Jr.The Old Shrub Roses. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Mrs.A. L. Jack Emil Geist. L. Berkeley Brandt. 1961. Ingersoll. and Robert B.. L. Martin. Helen Van Pelt. New ed. Mrs. Small Gardens Are More Fun.. Indianapolis.A. 1967. Charles Patch. Mrs. The Shakespeare Garden. . Smith.. H. Madalene Hill. L. New York: Dover. 1976. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Mrs. New York: Doubleday..L. Stuart. Los Angeles: Crescent Books.. Martin's. Sherry D.. Rev. Mrs. Charlotte.. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them... Singleton. 1962.A. New York: Hafner. Mrs. Straus. Bates.. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. The Fragrant Year. Z. William Y Dear. A. L. T. Mrs.. Linda. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Campbell. Plants of the Bible. John. Climbing Roses Old and New..A. W. Esther. Zohary. L. Boerner. Boston: Ralph T. Robert K. L. and Mrs. Keebler. Neil Hamill Park. Henry Gund. Mrs. Vera Breed. Hale & Co. L. Katherine S. Pees. Mrs. A. Jo Lohmolder. and Bell. Building Stone Walls. Graham Stuart.A. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Vt. Mrs. 1979. Hammond Crawford. Mrs.. Jr. 1974. A. Morss. Mrs. Marion E. Melissa R. George. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Charles L.: Garden Way. John Poinier.. 1965.R. Onward and Upward in the Garden. William W. 1975. L. Meyer. McGarry. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Christopher. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1972. Revised by Dr. Moffit. Lamm. A. Bynam.A. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Alfred L. The Fragrant Garden. . Weber. Elisabeth W. Amy Bess Miller. Raymond V. Fragrance in the Garden. Wilder. Benjamin McF. Frank M..D. Container Gardening Outdoors. William T. Peter M. 1982. Taloumis. 1957.L. W T. Stearn. New York: Farrar. Mrs.. Virginia B. Baker.. Mrs. 1979. Paxton. Robert G. Helen Noyes. Diane C. Maxton Davies. Barbara Capen. Mrs.A. Martha Dahlen. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Austin R. Griffin. James C. Wilson. Bush. New York. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. 1966.A. C.. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Webster. 1953. Herbert G.A.A. James D.A. White.
Wisc. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Ga. Whitman. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Kingwood Center.. Inc. Isadore L. Timothy Procter Ruh. Joe H. Nathan Sameth. Winston-Salem. James F. Mich.. Old Salem. Mrs. Architect. N. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. Mass. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Christopher Rady. N.H.C. Hales Corners. L.. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Walter Rebmann. James S. Semple. Booker Worthen. Edmund G.. Smith (Ann Leighton). L. Ark. Ohio. Mich. Mrs. Milton C.I. John A. Milton Stricker. G. Mr. and Mrs.. Harper. Lansing.. Elbert Smith. L. Bailey.. Mrs. Eloise andJo Ray.A. Shaker Community. Greenland. Linda Yang. Mrs. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Mrs. Mrs. civic. Gayle. Wilcox. Linda Yang. Cleveland. Western Reserve Herb Society. Ohio. Plain Dealer Photo. Atlanta Historical Society. The following provided historical. Hancock. Joan E. Swanson. L. Mrs. Rose..A. Inc. Lawrence Schetky.. Wayne County Extension and Education Center.A. Derthick. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Ann Arbor. Eric Duke Scott. R. Roberts. The Country Doctor Museum. Jean Ruh.. Matthew Miksch House.Rady. Mrs. University of Michigan. Skinner. Frederick E. Hancock Shaker Village.A. Christopher Spencer. Talbot III... Old Slater Mill Museum. Atlanta. L. Mansfield. Little Rock. < previous page page_134 next page > .. Faith H. Helen M.C.. Michigan State University.. Weeks Brick House. N. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Mrs. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. Pawtucket. Tullie Smith House Restoration.
Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. A. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. officinalis. barbadensis A. C. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. maritima L. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. E. Narcissus triandrus. azoricum. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. Myrrhis odorata. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum .
foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. V. ludoviciana var. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. albula A. S. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. P. false Galium aristatum. V. officinalis Populus. podagraria Asparagus A. G. Lamium album Viburnum.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. lycopersicum. officinalis. P. melongena var. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. F. Solanum aculeatissimum S. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. acerifolium. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. laevis Rhododendron . arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. M. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. grandiflorus Melissa M. Monarda didyma Crataegus.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
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B. alpina 'Alba' A. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. vulgaris A. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. oleracea. deltoides Campsis radicans. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. Mertensia virginica. M. P. coronaria . chrysantha Symphytum S.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. angustifolia.
M. C. Italian D Daffodil M. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. coronaria. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. pseudonarcissus miniature N. B. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . alpinum R. sativum R. maculatum G. N. V. M. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. ioensis Vaccinium. alpinum R. angustifolia. macrocarpon. B. verna. V.
R. rivieri. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. x superbum Hemerocallis. crispus. obtusifolius R. frutescens C. lilioasphodelus. obtusifolius Rumex R. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. lilioasphodelus H. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Ferocactus latispinus. Sansevieria. Hosta H. D. R. H. C. Chrysanthemum frutescens.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. A. A. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. acetosa. triphyllum . T officinale Bellis. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium.
ragusina. arvensis. damascena. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. Gnaphalium. N. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. S. Antennaria. pungens Sambucus S. Senecio cineraria. Helichrysum. azoricum Nigella. N. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. C.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. gymnocarpa. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. C. Centaurea cineraria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. N. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. Lychnis coronaria.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. I. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. Osmunda. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. carica F. regalis Adiantum. L. P. carica Corylus C. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. versicolor.× germanica I. perenne . A.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. O. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. I. usitatissimum L. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris.
grossularioides P radens P. neapolitanum A. × limoneum P. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. × hortorum P. Pelargonium. lanata D. sativum var. sylvatica Digitalis D. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. scorodoprasum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. quercifolium P. lutea Allium sativum A. × germanica Myosotis M. odoratissimum P. purpurea D. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. tuberosum A. sphaerocephalum A. I. P. Fumaria C.
acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. Tragopogon. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. P. scabrum P graveolens P. A. abrotanifolium P.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × nervosum P. × jatrophifolium P. T. tomentosum P. officinale Z. tomentosum P. canadense T. canadense. crispum P. T. pratensis . officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. denticulatum P. chamaedrys T. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. capitatum P. graveolens P. A. Z. × citrosum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. glutinosum. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. quercifolium P.
torquata E. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. C. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. V. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . nervosa V. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. Oxalis deppei. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. Vitis monticola.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. C. M. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium.
H Hackmatack Hardhack. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.
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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. C. triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. Lythrum. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. triacanthos G. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. Sempervivum Lobelia L. Ophiopogon L. G. Pulmonaria . siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. W. majalis Liriope. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. L.
stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. Malva. alcea var. erecta T. patula Calendula officinalis T. C. pedatum Hibiscus. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens.blue M Mace. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. erecta T. Malva. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. M. grandiflora M. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. erecta T. lucida . sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. tenuifolia T. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. A. M.
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Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. O. Astrantia. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. majorana O. crispii M. majorana O. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. citrata M. requienii M. citrata M. vulgare O. vulgare O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . R. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. dictamnus O. suaveolens M. onites O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. citrata M. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. vulgare 'Aureum' O. aquatica var. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. odorata Achillea millefolium. S. × piperita var. major. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Spiraea alba. A. citrata. piperita var. × piperita var.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum.
red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. V. M. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. A. communis. V. olympicum. Umbellularia californica. Myrrhis odorata. Myrtus. Azolla caroliniana. vulgaris A. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. alba Verbascum. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. thapsus V. lactiflora Morus M. rubra M. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. × gentilis M.
tazetta Tropaeolum T. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. L. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . majus T. poeticus N. V. V. nudum. album L. P. minus T. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus.
cepa. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. fistulosum Atriplex. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. telephium Iris × germanica var. cepa. O. A. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. S. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . Castilleja californica. hortensis A.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. florentina. Proliferum Group A. A. fragrans O. cepa A. fistulosum A. fragrans Allium. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. C. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. I. Scilla verna. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. vulgare var. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum.
< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . neopolitanum Pastinaca. P. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. P. A. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. lactiflora P lactiflora P. pulsatilla Passiflora P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. patens. crispum P. crispum var. A.
annuum. C. C. Marsilea Perilla. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. C. annuum. P frutescens Catharanthus. annuum. annuum. C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. Piper C. A. Longum Group Capsicum. Conoides Group Capsicum. C. annuum. annuum. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. Grossum Group C.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. annuum. Longum Group cone green C. annuum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. album Ranunculus ficaria . frutescens C. Chenopodium. paniculata P. retroflexus. C. Longum Group C. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. roseus C.
Prunus japonica. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. alpinus D. umbellata var. plumarius. umbellata var. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Plantago P. plumarius D. C. officinalis Dianthus D. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. P salicina P angustifolia. C. americana . × paradisiaca.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. taeda P. gratianopolitanus D. Silene laciniata. angustifolia var. M. watsonii P maritima P. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. P. taeda Chimaphila. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. caryophyllus D. nigra P strobus P taeda P.
balsamifera P. L. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. S. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. E. 0. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. carnea Phytolacca americana P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. biennis P. vulgare Lithospermum. rhoeas P. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. Liriodendron tulipifera P.
pepo C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. R. A. P. C. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. sativum var. coccineum C. canadensis C. Hesperis . pepo Portulaca. rhabarbarum R. Diplotaxis.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum.
spinosissima R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. gallica R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. canina R. × borboniana R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. canina. banksiae R. × borboniana R. damascena 'Bifera' R. moschata . centifolia R. R. chinensis 'Minima' R. damascena R. × borboniana Kerria. Rosa chinensis R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rubus coronarius R. sativa Rosa R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. laevigata R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. × harisonii R.
polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. greggii S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. sclarea S. angustissimus R. clevelandii S. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. S. Rosmarinus. caerula. × rehderana R. microphylla S. setigera R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. Salvia hierosolymitana . azurea subsp. pitcheri S. officinalis Limonium R. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. guaranitica S. R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. officinalis S. rugosa R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R.
atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. viridis S. Salicornia. leucantha S. C. virens. maritimum E. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. neapolitana S. T. montana Scabiosa S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. chamaecyparissus S. marilandica Amelanchier . maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. P. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. halimus Crithmum maritimum. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. chamaecyparissus S. S. leucophylla S. hebecarpa. A. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. S. guaranitica S. elegans S.
canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A.
Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. americana. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. C. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. V. P.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. C. coggygria C. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. G. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. coggygria. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. biflorum . Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. nivalis Lamium album. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. P. coggygria Cotinus.
pyrenaicum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. patulum. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. L. V. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. H. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. O. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . E. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. O. acetosa. Ornithogalum arabicum. H. crassipes O. scutatus R. R. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. japonica Sorbaria. officinalis thyme-leaved V. S.
vulgare var. T vulgare T. vesca F. perennis. incana M.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vesca F. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. M. O. floridus Philadelphus . Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. O. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. vulgare var. C. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. dracunculus var. crispum T. chiloensis F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. incana M.
Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. sylvestris D. 'Broad-leaf English' T. maritima Thymus. Silybum marianum S. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. laevigata Eupatorium. T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. marianum S. praecox T. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. benedictus. A. praecox subsp. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Clear Gold' T. E. 'Argenteus' T. phaenopyrum C. × citriodorus T. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. pallasianus T. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. C. marianum S. arcticus T.
Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . I. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. lycopersicum L.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. sanctum Tulipa T. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. Physalis peruviana L. cerasiforme. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. praecox subsp. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. L. radicans Bignonia capreolata. pruinosa. peruviana P. P. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. alata Lycopersicon. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Coreopsis Linaria. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. sanctum O. lycopersicum var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. P. lycopersicum var. noli-tangere. C.
cornuta 'Alba' V. C. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. caeruleum Clematis. cornuta V. canina. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. officinalis Polemonium. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. longifolia Chamaelaucium. odorata V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. V riviniana Viola odorata V. odorata V. Chimaphila. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. V. C. caprea .Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. P. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S.
Stachys . Vanilla barbellata A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. Corydalis sempervirens A. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Gaultheria procumbens. annua A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. ambrosioides Artemisia. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. gmelinii A. S. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. W. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. caprea. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. absinthium A. camphorata A. I. V. pontica. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. nudum Isatis I. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. verticillata Chimaphila. frigida A.
vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. filipendulina A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. tomentosa Ilex cassine. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. C. X. simplicissima Cladrastis. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. ageratum A. millefolium A. I. taygetea A. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. lutea. × media 'Hicksii' T. vomitoria I.
napellus Acorus A. parlor m. nose-bleed.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A.. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . ageratum A. blue giant hyssop. butter-print. longifolia Achillea A. maidenhair American maidenhair. cana A. maidenhair fern. yarrow sneezeweed. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. calamus maidenhair fern. pedatum Agastache A. thousand-seal. taygetea A. Indian mallow China jute. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. millefolium A. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. foeniculum Agave A. fennel g. five-finger f. sanguinary. calamus Adiantum A. h. alpinus Aconitum A... h. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. monkshood helmut flower. breviflora A. Indian mallow. fragrant g. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. fourcroydes sweet flag. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. lion's tail anise hyssop. monkshood flowering maple. theophrasti Acacia A.
sativum A. Pulchellum A. ciboule. flowering o. moly A. senescens var. sativum var. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. schoenoprasum A. garlic rocambole. Spanish o. lily leek daffodil garlic. giganteum A. two-bladed o. purple c. christophii A. flavum A. vulgaris Allium A. Japanese bunching o. sisalana Agrimonia A. karataviense A. ophioscorodon A... schnittlauch giant garlic . cocklebur. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. ostrowskianum A.. hemp plant agrimony. tree o. scorodoprasum A. fistulosum A. serpent garlic chive. eupatoria Agrostemma A. alpina A. githago Ajuga A. rosea Alchemilla A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. Rosenbachianum A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A.A. neapolitanum A. cive. sisal hemp.. reptans Alcea A.
white m. medicinal a. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. marschalliana A. hupehensis var. blanda A. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. juneberry. bugloss alkanet. Curasao a. officinalis Amaranthus A.. officinarum Anchusa A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. tuberosum Aloe A. tinctoria Anthriscus A. officinalis Anemone A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. bugloss windflower. Oriental garlic . garlic c. cerefolium chervil angelica. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A.glaucum A. canadensis Amsonia A. Barbados a. sphaerocephalum A. caudatus Amelanchier A. archangel.. shad. triphylla Althaea A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. pulsatilla Anethum A. barbadensis Aloysia A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. shadbush.. japonica A. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A.
European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens A.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . alpina 'Alba' A. graveolens var. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. chrysantha A.
pink or white horseradish. bear's grape. kinnikinick. sativa A. annua A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. virginicum bearberry. triphyllum A. stewardsonii Armeria A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. pontica A. wormwood southernwood. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. canadense A. Ludoviciana var. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. maritima Armoracia A. europaeum A. rusticana Artemisia A. asarabacca wild ginger. dracunculus var. mugwort. dracontium A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. albula A. mountain box. sea pink thrift. hog cranberry. camphorata A. sandberry. gmelinii A. frigida A. triphyllum subsp. arborescens A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. old man southernwood absinthe. creashak green-dragon. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . lactiflora A. red cole sagebrush. mealberry.
Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. i. officinalis Astrantia A. piprage beet swiss chard. pleurisy root. upland cress winter cress. hortensis B Baptista B. ruby s. ruby s. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. Chinese silk plant. papyrifera Boehmeria B. c. rocket. australis B. silkweed. perennis Berberis B. saltbush orach. c. butterfly flower butterfly weed. nivea Borago B. yellow r. China grass borage borage. halimus A. tinctoria Barbarea B. wild indigo blue false indigo. cool-tankard cole. jaundice berry. mustard . c. rattleweed winter cress. wild blue i. mountain spinach false indigo.. tuberosa Asparagus A. vulgaris. tuberroot. talewort. wild indigo. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. s. s. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry.. garden o. orach sea orach. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. vulgaris Beta milkweed. plains f. vulgaris Bellis B.Asclepias A. major Atriplex A. c. B.
grandiflora Calendula C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. strawberry s. microphylla 'Nana' B. koreana B. floridus Campanula C. carpatica C. microphylla var. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. white-flowered k. pineapple s. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. officinalis Calycanthus C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. eruca B... sempervirens B.B.
chili p. p. s. bell p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. sweet pepper. p. C.. o. p. cow-itch. o.C. o. trumpet vine. o. green p. o. s. < previous page page_147 next page > . p.. p. o.. red p. pimento sweet pepper s. crown plant trumpet creeper. p. p. trumpet flower. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. o. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. green p. persicifolia C. s. rapunculus Campsis C. p. p. p. p. o. p..
canariensis Cedrus C.. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. ovata Cassia C. majus Chelone cayenne p. senna. false saffron. Russian c. red p. marilandica Catharanthus C.. carvi Carya C. chili p.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. tinctorius Carum C. cristata Cercis C. nobile Chelidonium C. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. Tabasco p. deodara Celosia C. celandine celandine turtlehead. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. frutescens Carthamus C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. bastard s. snakehead . safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. illinoinensis C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. Tabasco-sauce p.. Madagascar periwinkle. capsicum p.. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle. garden c. shellbark h..
virginicus Chrysanthemum C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. alecost pyrethrum. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. parthenium C. lutea Clematis C. racemosa Cistus C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. dwarf 1. umbellata Chionanthus C. intybus Cimicifuga C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. bonus-henricus C. leather flower. Spanish t. virgin's bower. feather geranium. ladanifer Citrus C. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. Dalmatia p. wax flower. rattletop black cohosh. old-man's-beard costmary. frutescens C. wormseed. leather flower. barbe-de-capuchin. devil's-darning- .. American w. virgilia virgin's bower. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. mint geranium. ambrosioides C. leucanthemum C. × superbum Cichorium C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. coccineum C. pyrethum. red-leaved chicory bugbane. wintergreen. cinerariifolium C. crispus C. balsamita C. pigweed Mexican tea..C. botrys Chimaphila C. Meyer 1. virginiana balmony goosefoot. lemon yellowwood yellowwood... fat hen ambrosia. Chinese dwarf 1. Robert Brydon' C. glabra Chenopodium C.
laevigata C. autumnale Comptonia C. florida Corylus C. smokebush. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. smokebush smoke tree. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. thorn apple. benedictus Coix C.. thorn. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. cneorum Coptis C. trifolia Coreopsis C. apiculatus Crataegus C. sativum Cornus C. tinctoria Coriandrum C.needle Cnicus C. quick-set. majalis Convolvulus C. smoke plant. Venetian sumac. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . coggygria Cotoneaster C. arkansana C. avellana Cotinus C. Chinese parsley dogwood. peregrina Consolida C. ambigua C. orientalis Convallaria C. red haw hawthorn English h.
sempervirens Cydonia C. × allwoodii D. speciosus C. citratus Cytisus C. gracilis Dianthus D.C. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. kotschyanus C. phaenopyrum Crithmum C.. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. oblonga Cymbopogon C. sieberi C. tomasinianus Cupressus C. angustifolius C. scoparius C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. maritimum Crocus C. West Indian 1.. speciosus 'Albus' C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . sativus C.
dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . burning bush. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. gas plant. spectabilis Dictamnus D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. carnation. lanata D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. grandiflora D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. sylvestris Doronicum D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. sativus D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D.
stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. pungens Eleocharis E. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. sea eryngo California poppy C. vulgare Elaeagnus E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. gum tree. J. jacinth. poppy eucalypt. ironbark. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. sea holm. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. torquata Euonymus E. japonica Eryngium E. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. plum eryngo sea holly. arvense E. Japanese medlar. californica Eucalyptus E. b. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot .E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. perfoliatum E. viridis Epimedium E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. blueweed. epimedium barrenwort. dulcis Endymion E.. Australian gum. rugosum v. hyemale Eranthis E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. S. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail.
alpine s. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. vulgare subsp. major Fragaria F. a. a.Euphorbia E. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vulgare var. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. imperialis Fumaria F. vulgare F. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .s. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig.s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. ulmaria F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.s. vulgare F. chiloensis F. cyparissias F Ferula F. sow-teat s. finocchio. assafoetida Ficus F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. a.
gardenia. vernalis H.. tinctoria Geranium G. mollugo G. ground ivy. germanica G. dyer's greenweed. honey locust. spotted c. pulegioides American pennyroyal. teaberry. verum Gardenia G.. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. Carolina jessamine Genista G. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. Carolina yellow j. maculatum G. woodroof yellow bedstraw.F. red Robin . odoratum G. cleavers white bedstraw. hexapetala G Galanthus G.. field balm. robertianum Glechoma G. alumroot herb Robert. triacanthos Gossypium G. jasminoides Gaultheria G. woodwaxen. mock p. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. runaway robin.. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. mountain tea. nivalis Galium G. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. checkerberry. virginiana Hedeoma H. our-lady's-b. false baby's-breath woodruff. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. Capejasmine wintergreen. wild c. hederacea Gleditsia G. Carolina jasmine G.. sweet w. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw.
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flavescens Helenium H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket.. Indian hemp. giant m.. mallow. cannabinus H.. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. arborescens Helleborus H. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. orientalis Hemerocallis H. Deccan h. daylily .. bimlipatum j. lividus subsp. matronalis Hibiscus H. angustifolium H. bimli j. curry plant false licorice. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily. bastard jute. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. garland 1. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. rose m. lilioasphodelus H. hibiscus kenaf... Chinese hibiscus. Hawaiian h. rose-of-China. licorice plant heliotrope.. × luteola Herniaria H. niger H. sweet r. lemon d. China rose. turnsole heliotrope. blacking plant plantain lily. petiolatum Heliotropium H. atrorubens H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. Deckaner h. glabra Hesperis H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. corsicus H. foetidus H.
European h.-John's-wort St. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. white h. crenata var. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly. quercifolia Hydrastis H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. box-leaved h. asiatica Hypericum H. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I.-John's-wort St. Burford's holly Japanese holly.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. I. navelwort gotu kola St. horned h. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. box-leaved h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H. rose h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. lupulus Hydrangea H.. perforatum Hyssopus H. orangeroot. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. . yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort.H. patulum 'Sungold' H.
tinctoria Ixia I. water f. capensis Indigofera I. glabra I. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. virginiana red cedar jasmine... American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. chinensis var. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag.I. spotted t.. alba Iris I. opaca I. 'Great Lakes' I. horizontalis creeping j. cristata I. J. snapweed. jewelweed. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. tinctoria Inula I. crested dwarf i. woad dyer's woad. yellow flag. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. florentina I. African corn lily corn lily orris. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. touch-me-not jewelweed. maculata J Jasminum J. officinale Juniperus J. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. × germanica var. wilsonii Impatiens I. pseudacorus Isatis I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . vomitoria 'Nana' I. helenium Ipomoea I. crested i.
paradise p.Justicia water willow J. maculatum L.. nobilis Lavandula L. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. carnea Brazilian-plume. n. album L. sweet bay laurel. plume plant. white d. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . king'scrown L Lactuca L. flamingo p. dentata L. angustifolia L. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel.. d. plume flower. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. n. indica Lamium L. bay. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. dentata var.. brandegeana shrimp plant J. angustifolia subsp. dumb nettle.. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
officinale Ligustrum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. pepperwort. benzoin Linum L. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. chalcedonicum Limonium L. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. leonurus Leontopodium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. hedge plant privet. marsh rosemary. sativum Leucojum L. candidum L. blue cardinal flower . summer s. perenne L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L.. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. muscari Lobelia L. lovage privet. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. aestivum Levisticum L. usitatissimum Liriope L.
campion. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. moonwort. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. sempervirens Lunaria L. annua Lychnis L.. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. virginiana sweet alyssum. vulgaris Lythrum L. lycopersicum var.L. flava L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. coronaria L. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. penny f. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. catchfly mullein pink. lycopersicum var. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. coral h. coronaria 'Alba' L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . money plant. stellata M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. gypsywort. silver-dollar. honesty. europaeus Lysimachia L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. satin flower honesty. grandiflora M. maritima L. cordata Magnolia M.
. apple m. requienii M. stock stock. Oregon g. fastigiata Marrubium M. gillyflower. lungwort bluebells. Brampton stock. bergamot m. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. sweet b. holly mahonia.. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. imperial stock balm lemon b. cowslip. pineapple m. bee b. × piperita var. longifolia M. menthella. incanum M.. pulegium M. horsemint .. incana Melissa M. pennyroyal Corsican m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. American crab. officinalis Mentha M. × gentilis M. vulgare Matthiola M. Virginia b. citrata M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. angustifolia M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot.. white h. hupehensis Malva M.Mahonia M. curly m. Virginia c. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. horsemint peppermint orange mint. musk m. b. Scotch m.. bluebells. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M... mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint.. holly g. 'Guiding Star' M. × piperita M. holly barberry. lemon m. blue barberry apple. alcea var. mountain g. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. aquatica M.
wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. Oswego tea. red m. menthifolia M. banana abaca. winter purslane. fistulosa var. b. myrrh. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. pink b. textilis Myosotis M. sweet cicely. punctata Montia M. candleberry. white bee balm pink b. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. Swedish m. b. b.M.. swamp c. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. fistulosa M. citriodora M. odorata Myrtus M. white b. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. American m. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . Cuban spinach mulberry white m. anise. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. sylvatica Myrica M. Greek myrtle. pensylvanica Myrrhis M.
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N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
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Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
Jerusalem sage. five-finger shrubby c. hardy orange poplar. vulgaris Prunus P. persica Pteridium P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. angustifolia P. nepalensis P. pasture b. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . Jerusalem cowslip white p. brake. lungwort blue 1. granatum Pyrus P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. maritima P. Americana P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. cowslip self-heal self-heal. hog-pasture b. trifoliata Populus P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken.. sieboldii 'Alba' P. veris Prunella P. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. widdy shrubby c. brake bracken.. domestica P. balsam p. sand p. heal-all. hackmatack. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. golden hardhack. aspen. elatior P.. all-heal salad burnet. tacamahac cinquefoil. pensylvanica P.Poncirus P.
. crowfoot lesser celandine.. sativum Rosa R. York-and-Lancaster r. banksiae R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. eglantine. pilewort mignonette weld. garden c. pie plant. cabbage r. gooseberry alpine c.. chinensis 'Minima' R. brier r. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. sweetbrier French r. brier Banksia r. dyer's rocket rhubarb. × borboniana R. dog b. dog r. autumn damask r. stellata R Ranunculus R.. canina R. fairy r. red currant. luteola Rhamnus R. garden r. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. moss r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. gallica damask r. mountain c. typhina Ribes R. rose. Bourbon r.. ficaria Reseda R. small c. 'Cinderella' R. . purshiana Rheum R. eglanteria R. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. pygmy r.Quercus Q. moss r.. alpinum R. China r.
musk r. prairie r. golden p. 'Schneezwerg' R. snowdwarf memorial r.. climbing r. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. moschata R. Japanese r. setigera R. r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. sorrel.. climbing r. madder bramble blackberry. French sorrel rue .. angustissimus R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock.. rosemary white r. polyantha r. Turkestan r. bitter d. Scotch r. acetosa R. spinosissima R. hirta Rumex R. chinquapin r. laevigata R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. Harison's yellow r. burnet r. dock s. × harisonii R. garden sorrel broad dock. prostrate rosemary. tinctorum Rubus R.'Officinalis' R. Cherokee r. chestnut r. roxburghii R. rosemary pine-scented r. wichuraiana R. rugosa R. obtusifolius R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. × rehderana R.
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ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. variegated garden s. s. elegans S. canadensis willow. caprea Salvia S. clevelandii S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. clary annual clary elder. Mexican bush s. greggii S. pussy willow sage. sclarea S. bloodroot red puccoon. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. garden s. leucophylla S. guaranitica S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. caerula S. involucrata S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. gray sage. purple g. leucantha S. argentea S. osier goat willow. golden g. s.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. American e. microphylla S. purple variegated garden s. bloodroot rue . viridis Sambucus S. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. elderberry American e.
. skirret potato vine eggplant. neapolitana S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle.Sanguisorba S. officinalis Sassafras S. albidum Satureja S. melongena var. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. roof h. milk t. canadensis Sansevieria S. marianum Sium S. pinnata S. tectorum Silybum S. atropurpurea Sedum S. pincushion flower pincushions. live-forever houseleek. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. hortensis S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. telephium Sempervivum S. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp.. sweet s. sisarum Solanum S. jasminoides S. morganianum S. mourning-bride stonecrop. St. mad apple . orpine donkey's tail orpine.. lucky plant. hemp plant snake plant. blessed t. virens Saponaria S. hen-and-chickens. trifasciata Santolina S.. good-luck plant. live-forever houseleek. Mary's t. devil's tongue.
officinale Syringa S. hedge nettle. laciniata Persian lilac S. sorbifolia Sorbus S. americana Stachys S. grandiflora S. laevis Symphytum S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. reticulata var. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. Aztec m. patula melongene. officinale S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. woundwort lamb's-ears.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. vulgaris 'Addie V. californica Sorbaria S. erecta marigold African m. lilac . byzantina S.. lutea Stokesia S. × persica var. big m..
'Broad-leaf English' T. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. signet m. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. carnosus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T.. crispum Taraxacum T. upright y.T. marum Thuja T. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. occidentalis Thymus T. lucida T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m. officinale Taxus T. vulgare T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. dwarf m. wood sage germander dwarf. filifolia T. vulgare var. . dense y. germander American g. canadense T. culinary golden lemon t. lemon t. yew conical y. procumbent g. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. 'Argenteus' T. fruticans T. columnar y. sweet mace French m. tansy tansy...
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serpyllum T. not culinary French t. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. richardii subsp. caraway t. crimson c. odorus t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. red c. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. glabrescens T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. creeping t. nummularius T. leucotrichus T. praecox T. nitidus T. lemon t. confederatej. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. t.. romero clover red clover star jasmine. zygis Torenia T..< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. pallasianus T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls. wishbone flower. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. pratensis Trichostema T. praecox subsp. woolly thyme creeping t. doerfleri T. jasminoides Tragopogon T. . herba-barona T. lanatum Trifolium T. t.
'General de Wet' T. early. huckleberry. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. tawny orange t. water-lily t... nettle stinging n. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. 'Sweet Harmony' T. 'Blizzard' T. angustifolium var. pale yellow Darwin t. speedwell. species t. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. mullein mullein. tall n. thapsus Veronica V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. Indian cress dwarf n. blueberry. blattaria V. serpyllifolia nasturtium.Tropaeolum T. clusiana T. majus T. officinalis Verbascum V. garden heliotrope mullein moth m. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. minus Tsuga T. . kaufmanniana T. officinalis V. cranberry. dioica V Vaccinium V. squill. maritima Urtica U. bitter Indian garden n. flannel plant. laevifolium Valeriana V. farfara U Urginea U. canadensis Tulipa T. velvet p. tarda T. red s. olympicum V.
running m.. prunifolium Vinca V. heartsease pansy. sheepberry. tricolor V. acerifolium V. sweet h.Vetiveria V. odorata V. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. possum haw . minor Viola V. violet dog violet horned v. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. lutea 'Splendens' V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. heartsease. maple-leaved viburnum. myrtle. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up.. lesser p. withe-rod vetiver. arrowwood. khus-khus. × wittrockiana Vitis V. carlesii V. nannyberry. canina V. ladies-delight.. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. zizanioides Viburnum V. cassinoides V.
officinale ginger true ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 . ginger. Canton g.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z.