This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady
< previous page
next page >
next page >
title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:
Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.
next page >
< previous page
next page >
UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden
viii ix x
Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray.
A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .
a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 . a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs.On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs.
Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .
Their energy and charm caught me up. bereft of hope. It needs no sequel. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. Then. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. pushing.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. Ginny had done some writing. alterations. This was not to be. Again they revised. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. and I have had the pleasure of advising. whether all their labor was to no avail. with sparkling enthusiasm. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. With false starts and honest stops. build it. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. and record every detailall of the failures. finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. wheedling. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. carefully chosen. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. The turning point came when. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. This they did. responded with delight. for they had no model and no guide. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. seven years ago. especially poetry. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors. formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. more of them exist to serve as examples. punching. successes. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. and the experience provided the final section of the book. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. and the publisher.
would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. and educational purpose. we completed a test garden. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. although countless common names exist. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. To achieve this. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. while others were prepared by landscape designers. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation. Likewise. by their owners. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. specialty. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed. former generic names. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. We. The herb garden designs alone. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. 1969 and 1980. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. without accompanying commentary. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. A range of essential factors is considered herein. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. the authors. and these are capitalizedfor example. ." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. or by contributors. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. rather. English thyme. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. Some of these were created by landscape architects." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. Italics are always used for botanical names. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. degree of maintenance required. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. historical interest. Not all plants used are herbs. as in Rosmarinus officinalis.
< previous page page_ix next page > .
We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. librarian. M. Rady. Genevieve Jyurovat. former managing editors.. Susan Frugé. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. former director of same. Keebler and the late Everest P. Alice Skelsey. Herbert J. Swanson and Robert B. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. She has served. as expediter and typist. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Lee Buss. president. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens.D. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. and August Frugé. His assistant. past presidents. Betty Rea. Wanda Ritchie. too. Special thanks are due James C. Eleanor Gambee. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. and Joanna Reed. and the horticulturist. and Rexford Talbert. always encouraging us to stay with our project. Jo Lohmolder. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. Alexander Apanius. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. A lecturer on herbs. FAITH H. Richard T. have also been of assistance. Finally. Recognition is due Robert B. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Derthick. has been especially helpful over the years. Weatherhead. which made possible the completion of our text. The late Raymond C. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. and Elizabeth Bryce. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Nell Neff. has given us valuable information. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. Trudi Bela. We are grateful to many. Isaacson. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages.
< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .
and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. not at all difficult to maintain. have foliage that changes color with the seasons. or an abandoned. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. some of which are evergreen. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. to increase the value of the property. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. As Henry Beston reflects. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. new ways of seeing. If no . "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. In order to create a fine garden design. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. Its interest is independent of flowers. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. new plants. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. and hedges will have been located.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. As one constantly reinforces the other. partially excavated area. the north point will have been indicated." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. and decisions must not be left to chance." A good design does not "happen. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. lay out a plan of the property. temples of worship. a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. "Not difficult to plan. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. fences. and structures. a front dooryard. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. Perennial herbs. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions.
and hedges. Here. < previous page page_2 next page > . fences. measurements are in engineer's scale.Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch.
A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. In the absence of a survey map. and the driveway. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. A deed description. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. too. The object is to . Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. Other areas may require a smaller scale. measurements are in engineer's scale. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. too. such as the one illustrated here. measure to locate the house. will give the lot or acreage measurements. but with all needed information. Here. Next. other significant structures. In this example. (B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. to locate the house. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are.
T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. paths. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. driveway. The tools needed for drawing are few. and parallel lines. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. one of the branches generally having a pencil point.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. shrubs. triangleof inexpensive plastic. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. enclosures. and unusual land features noted. The smaller the scale. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. lines at an angle. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. < previous page page_3 next page > .
drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. One basic rule is the higher the wall. Upkeep. gazebo.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. However. and stone. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. and holly. garage. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. iron. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . the more substantial its foundation needs to be. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. With the plan on paper. bayberry. or summer kitchen is ideal. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. greenhouse. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. old smokehouse. brick. A toolhouse. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. In the designs that follow. and hedges of hemlock. In the absence of a structure. In some cases. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. yew. There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall.
along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .Three examples of the many possible fence designs.
Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. for reinforcing the design. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. they can be made to order. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. painted. Rosemary. Gates are part of the enclosure. landscape timbers. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Stone. Stained. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. however. if wood is the material of choice. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. elegant box. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. If used. When this reinforcement is understated. Styles are legion. some deciduous and some evergreen. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. bricks. the garden design is most attractive. and their styles are countless. but the results will confirm this course. or natural. Lower cost is an advantage. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. too. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. Allow adequate room within the row. Where air circulation is much needed. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. as in outdoor room dividers. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. such as bayberry. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. it will seem too sparsely planted. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. cut stones. deeply evergreen. railroad ties. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. holly. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. for example.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. a temporary garden that may be changed later. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. used for dry wall or masonry construction. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material. annual painting is a necessity. box. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. or pressure-treated lumber. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. At first. so give them much thought. In some climates. as an example. gray surfaces are found. yew. Brick is the all-time favorite material. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. or. . and rosemary. Equally important is proportion. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. If desired. Whatever the reason. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. whether it will be rocks. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. When used with a hedge. For example. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. Generally. or for raising the beds to improve drainage.
Steps When constructing steps. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. there is a necessary. The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > . If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. Conversely. awkward and unsafe. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success.
< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .
< previous page page_6 next page > .
Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. A width of four feet allows room for turning. cost. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. making the design more evident. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. Paths In addition to their obvious utility. The colors are various: terracotta. but should be compatible with. Access paths. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. It is a general rule that the less the riser. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. their use no less than comfortable. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. the greater the tread. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. If groups are walking through. rosy pink.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. Paths must be ample. or red. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. appearance. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. Step materials need not be the same as. Choose the path material equally for comfort. There are. and maintenance. . remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. for example. however. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. because they are just that. too.
in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.A less obvious herringbone pattern. not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .
lasting surface.< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .
It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. is an enjoyable experience. This. If the garden is made up of separate beds. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana.) To avoid having a slippery surface. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. they should not shade the herbs too much. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . With these recommendations in mind. a result being hazardous footing. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. or trees to be considered. shrubs. and many good references are available. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. shad Malus coronaria. prepare a planting plan for each. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. a soft-lead pencil in hand. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. They are easily renewed as they break down. When they mature.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. bark or pine needles can be used. dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. serviceberry. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. too.
someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre. a focal point is customarily used. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. noting well their growth habits. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. Do use a soft-lead pencil. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples. for example. for example. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. or whatever is best in your case. such as the one illustrated here. lemon thyme. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. it is easily read and easily erased. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. whether they are invasive or tall growing. one-half inch equals one foot. Sept. 'Mount Hood daff. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. however. It needs. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. Artifacts As with other gardens. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. too. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. Often this center of interest is a sundial.
If a statue less than life-size is used. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. It is then in scale with its frame. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. a niche of its own should be created. < previous page page_9 next page > .R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. the height of a fence to the house. Again.
< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .
For easy reference. Except for two. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. a stylized drawing of an ovary. with one basic rule always needing to be observed.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another. the designs have a decorative north point. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. that of good proportion. However. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant.
< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .
6. Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent.Ocimum basilicum.Allium 11.Lobularia maritima. lovage 17.Lavandula savory angustifolia. bee balm 13. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 22.A. 1.S. 3.Pelargonium graveolens. dill cerasiforme. salad burnet 12. arcticus 27. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.L. rose 24. 21.Viola tricolor. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge. A. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.Origanum majorana. lemon balm . Foeniculum vulgare. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. 26. 7. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. lemon 15.Poterium sanguisorba.Melissa officinalis. The first number in each planting area is the key number. a fence.Galium odoratum. 14. which is used here in relation to a garage. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. 4. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. Landscape Architect. With color and texture considered for contrast. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height. fennel 2. or other structure.Thymus praecox subsp. sativa. 16. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis. The rules of symmetry are observed. summer 23. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. sweet 25. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. 5. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design.Satureja hortensis.Satureja montana. Lavenders accent the front corners.
Greek 28.Petroselinum crispum var. Chrysanthemum balsamita.Origanum heracleoticum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. costmary 'Albus'. Pelargonium × limoneum. curly parsley 10. chive 18. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Porrum Group.8.Salvia officinalis. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum. leek 9. 19. dwarf garden 20.
Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually.Pelargonium graveolens.Pelargonium tomentosum.Allium schoenoprasum. as was done here. 18.Satureja hortensis. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. 11. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. fennel English lavender geranium 4. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5.Foeniculum vulgare.Poterium sanguisorba. perhaps overgrown with weeds. white 20.Rosmarinus officinalis. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. 1. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. bush basil 3. 13.Aloysia triphylla.< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Lavandula angustifolia. summer 10. curly parsley sativa. 12. Petroselinum crispum var.Artemisia dracunculus var. 9. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. lemon verbena 21. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'. .Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. rose 19.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. French tarragon 2. 17. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily.Monarda didyma.
English'. English thyme dill 8.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7.Origanum majorana. 16.Heliotropium arborescens. eglantine 23. 14.salad burnet 6. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.Galium odoratum.Thymus × citriodorus.Rosa eglanteria. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .
13. spearmint 16. Origanum majorana. A.S. The garden is conveniently located. making the beds larger and the paths wider. Even in limited space. Then the design might need to be expanded.Poterium sanguisorba.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden.Levisticum officinale. English thyme Greek oregano 4. lovage 15.Allium schoenoprasum. 1. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. .Taxus cuspidata.Mentha spicata.Petroselinum crispum. dill 2.L. parsley 5. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. The image would soon give way to other considerations.Thymus × citriodorus. however.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Artemisia dracunculus var.A. sativa. The number in each planting area is the key number. salad burnet 14. summer savory 11. garden sage 8.Satureja hortensis.Chionanthus virginicus. lemon thyme 10. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. sweet marjoram 3. 9. Origanum heracleoticum. and the plan could be used at a front door. Japanese yew 17. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity. still observing a scale.Salvia officinalis. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. however. 7.
sweet basil chive 12.Tropaeolum majus.6.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .
Teucrium chamaedrys. yellow 29. Christmas fern 5.Asarum canadense. 1. 32.Thymus × citriodorus.Origanum majorana. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 31. lavender marjoram 2. 6. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Pulmonaria officinalis.Allium ampeloprasum. This is an intimate garden. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line. lemon thyme 28.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . fraxinella 15. A. 30. narrow strip dominated by a hedge.Stachys byzantina. A brick edging raises the beds slightly. bee balm 14. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group.Polemonium reptans. 9.L. Viola odorata.Osmunda cinnamomea.Digitalis grandiflora. fennel 19. summer 21. salad 20. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Convallaria majalis. The long.A.Polystichum acrostichoides. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 33. 7. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba. leek Foeniculum vulgare.Primula vulgaris. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. Jacob's-ladder 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds. 18. 8. Landscape Architect. garden sage 17. 25. 13. Monarda didyma. sweet violet 16. wild ginger 27. hop sativa. cinnamon fern 4.S.Humulus lupulus. the challenge is obvious. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. blue lungwort 26. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window. Dictamnus albus.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.
Petroselinum crispum var. French'. French thyme woodruff koreana.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Korean box 11.savory germander Willmott'. curly parsley mountain ash 12.Galium verum. crispum. winter savory 24. 35. yellow bedstraw 23.Satureja montana.Galium odoratum.lilac 10.Tsuga canadensis.Sorbus americana. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22. Canada hemlock Standard'. sweet 34.Buxus microphylla var.
Even so.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. lemon verbena 2. French Greek oregano sorrel 11.Salvia officinalis. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots. It is a pleasing. devoted to a "yearly surprise.Aloysia triphylla.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. To be placed near the kitchen. this design can be an inspiration. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. neapolitanum. This necessarily limited the size of the garden." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs. geometric design. it became part of the patio. Surprisingly.Petroselinum crispum var. One of the beds. 1. dill 10. and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. garden sage 20. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. Italian parsley .Origanum heracleoticum. 19.Rumex scutatus. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden.
sweet 18. salad 15.Satureja montana. sweet 13.Myrrhis odorata.Allium tuberosum. lemon balm cicely 6. borage 'Purpurascens'. crispum.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'. chive 25. Alpine strawberry 7.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 16.17.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. chervil marjoram 21.Artemisia dracunculus var.Satureja hortensis.Origanum majorana.Poterium sanguisorba. basil sativa. English thyme bush basil 8.3.Allium schoenoprasum. curly parsley 22. sweet 14.Ocimum basilicum. winter savory 24.Borago officinalis. summer savory 23. lemon basil 9.Ocimum basilicum 12.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Petroselinum crispum var.Melissa officinalis.Anthriscus cerefolium. French tarragon 5. purple basil 4. garlic chive 26. French thyme 'Citriodorum'. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.
green santolina 12.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'. The center beds here were established in this way. English thyme lemon thyme 11. rosemary 3. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Rosmarinus officinalis. Created in an orderly way. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. too.Pelargonium in variety. the work paths could be eliminated.Hyssopus officinalis.Satureja montana.C. so.Lavandula angustifolia. geometric design.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet cicely 23. To increase the planting area. it is an unusual. winter 21. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. sweet 13. gray . blue 22. English lavender 10.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. scented-leaf geranium 2. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. D. 1. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. was the inverted V of gray santolina established.Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Myrrhis odorata. As a whole. purple basil 4. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5. 14.Stachys byzantina.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Galium odoratum. lamb's-ears 20. it is full of interesting angles. 19.
Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Salvia officinalis. germander 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. 25.Artemisia camphorata.Artemisia abrotanum. camphor-scented wormwood 8.Ilex opaca. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > . American southernwood holly 17.6.Myrtus communis. horehound24. classic myrtle 9. French thyme santolina 15.Teucrium chamaedrys. silver mound artemisia 18. clove pink 7.Dianthus caryophyllus.Marrubium vulgare.
winter savory 16. English lavender 6. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator. Job's tears 11. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. purple basil 3.Artemisia dracunculus var. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. 1. borage 23. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak. which adds its impression of warmth. lemon balm 22.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. rosemary 15. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. Coix lacryma-jobi. blue hyssop 2. Its arrow points north and. Sometimes space is limited. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Tanacetum vulgare. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking. sativa. absinthe 26. this herb garden is secluded.Melissa officinalis. French tarragon 14.Borago officinalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Chamaemelum . casts the shadow for the hour. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. sweet woodruff 5.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 25. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Achillea millefolium.Santolina chamaecyparissus. This center of interest is of particular note. Ocimum basilicum.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. too. sweet basil 4. yarrow 12. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 21.Satureja montana. Lavandula angustifolia. pot marigold 24. Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point. gray santolina 13. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick. Galium odoratum.
Symphytum officinale. costmary 'Albus'. sweet 29. variegated garden sage 8. comfrey20.Syringa. scented-leaf 27. white creeping thyme nobile. marjoram pecan 10. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.Origanum vulgare.Allium geranium schoenoprasum.Origanum majorana.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pineapplescented sage 9.Pelargonium in variety. chive 18. Salvia officinalis. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > . wild marjoram 28. garden sage 19. Salvia elegans.7. chamomile 17.Carya illinoinensis.
resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. lovage 22. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 29.Satureja hortensis. need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. hyssop Meyer lemon . rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium × limoneum. 6. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. 5. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.Ruta graveolens. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Galium odoratum. 18. The more invasive ones.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted.Melissa officinalis. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. 30.Salvia officinalis. summer 32. horehound 33. 19.Teucrium chamaedrys. rose geranium 2. true ginger16. blue 23. sweet cicely 37. 4.Apium graveolens. 7. garlic Levisticum officinale.Pelargonium graveolens. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Myrrhis odorata.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. sweet 34. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. 8. When controlled in this way.Allium schoenoprasum. 3. lemon balm 35. rue 31. French sorrel 21. dill 20. 36.Ipomoea alba.Origanum majorana.Allium sativum. 9.Marrubium vulgare. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. chervil 15. 1. sativa. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Anthriscus cerefolium. sunken into the ground.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space. parsley 17.
Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Poterium sanguisorba. Greek oregano 12. Japanese yew 39.Mentha spicata.Magnolia virginiana. French thyme 24.Origanum heracleoticum.10. English thyme 26.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. bush basil 14.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Aloysia triphylla. lemon verbena 11. lemonthyme 28. spearmint 27.Tropaeolum minus.Ocimum basilicum. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > . salad burnet 25.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet basil 38. dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.
and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. simplify!. however. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. a quick way to ensure good drainage. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time. < previous page page_22 next page > . this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. but. whatever the reason. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility. "Simplify.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. the insect-repellent pennyroyal.
< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .
spearmint 21.Salvia officinalis. lettuce 10.Melissa officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium fistulosum. parsley 2.Aloe barbadensis. 1.Artemisia absinthium. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Ocimum basilicum.Tanacetum vulgare. dill 13. jewelweed24. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > . rue 20. 12.Anethum graveolens.Lycopersicon lycopersicum.Hedeoma pulegioides.Mentha x piperita.Mentha spicata. arcticus.Rosmarinus officinalis. French tarragon 5. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 16. sweet 17.Impatiens capensis.Allium schoenoprasum. summer basil savory 7.Petroselinum crispum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Monarda didyma. bell pepper 6. lemon 22. spicebush absinthe French'.Capsicum frutescens. aloe Grossum Group.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. tansy 11.Thymus praecox subsp.Galium odoratum. sweet 15. garden sage 3. balm sativa. 26. 14.Origanum majorana. bee balm 19.Satureja hortensis. 18. peppermint 23.Lindera benzoin. sweet 25. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8.Lactuca sativa.Ruta graveolens.
< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .
germander 7. A low wall of brick. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. faced and capped with random. 1.Pelargonium in variety. . too. The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. Perovskia abrotanoides. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house.Teucrium chamaedrys. Russian 13. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Thymus praecox subsp. encloses this plan. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. horizontally laid bluestone. 8. French thyme 2. arcticus 14. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.
lemon thyme 10.Santolina neapolitana 4. St.-John'swort 17. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > .Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'. blue 11. arcticus 'Albus'. Thymus × citriodorus.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. lavender 3.Hyssopus officinalis. lady's6. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'. trumpet vine 16.Alchemilla vulgaris.Thymus praecox subsp.angustifolia. witch hazel 18.Campsis radicans. white creeping thyme 5. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Galium odoratum. crimson creeping thyme 9. lemon balm hyssop 12.Viburnum cassinoides.Hamamelis virginiana.Melissa officinalis.
the shrubsyew. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. however. box. with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. Although this is not a large garden. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. However. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. Germander is a proper edging here. It is. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. holly. lilac. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. < previous page page_28 next page > . A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk.
< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .
Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Ruta graveolens. Alchemilla vulgaris. gray sage savory 14. silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . 32. mint silver mound artemisia 25.Chrysanthemum coccineum. cottage pink 2. dwarf crested iris 39.20. Corsican 24. rue 6. fraxinella 33. Simkins'. Mentha requienii. 9.Thymus praecox subsp. Japanese yew 44. Viola odorata. prostrate rosemary 13.Artemisia camphorata.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. arcticus 'Albus'.Salvia leucophylla. white creeping thyme 37.Syringa patula.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Borago officinalis.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs. red creeping thyme 10. dwarf privet 48. Japanese holly 47.Chamaemelum nobile. Japanese holly 42. dwarf box 41.Satureja montana.Iris cristata. fringed wormwood 16. woolly thyme 7.Santolina pinnata 34. lady's.Thymus praecox subsp. 12.Artemisia frigida.Hyssopus officinalis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. lavender 22. 1. Myrrhis odorata. Heliotropium arborescens. 21. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Stachys byzantina.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. florentina.Santolina chamaecyparissus. clary 30.Iris × germanica var.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. alpine strawberry 8.Cytisus supinus. columnal yew 43. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'. orris 38. winter 29. white hyssop 4.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Myrtus communis. broom 40.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Comptonia peregrina.Eloise & Jo Ray. 18.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Santolina virens.Dictamnus albus.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'. sweet cicely17.Salvia sclarea. arcticus 'Coccineus'. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11. sweet albula. santolina alpine pink 28. green 27. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Anemone pulsatilla. Thymus praecox subsp. germander 36. mantle chamomile 5. sweet violet 19. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. blue horehound hyssop 3.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'. 26. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crimson creeping thyme 31. Marrubium vulgare. classic myrtle 15. 23. lilac 45. lamb'sears 35. Thymus praecox subsp.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'.
A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. and one has an inset for a garden seat. while adding to the enclosure of the area. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. and a vegetable garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. The direction a path takes can add interest. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. a running bond pattern. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. an herb garden. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. a cutting garden. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. < previous page page_30 next page > . Other paths are brick. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. This hedge. the center of interest for the herb garden. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. as is true here in the vegetable garden.
< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.L.A.S. A. Landscape Architect. .
Platycodon grandiflorus 36.Hemerocallis × luteola.Chrysanthemum × superbum. Rosmarinus officinalis. helenium 4.Ocimum basilicum 54. foxglove 'Purpurascens'.Limonium latifolium. cottage pink French'. lemon 29.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Helleborus niger. blue iris 9. curly parsley 'Versicolor'. double white peony of-Persia 12. 52.Allium schoenoprasum. York-andLancaster rose 16. verbena rose chive 11.Salvia officinalis.Allium christophii.Thymus × citriodorus.Santolina virens. pale 28. Achillea taygetea. starsMaxima'. germander 39. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. 37. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > . Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33.Teucrium chamaedrys. blue 27.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Stachys byzantina.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. yellow epimedium 15. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'. white 'Bouquet'. yellow 24.Salvia sclarea. dill wishbone flower 5.Aloysia triphylla. Christmas 48. Aquilegia chrysantha. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25.Galium odoratum. candytuft Standard'. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Hyssopus officinalis. 47. 14.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 22. summer 34. alpine strawberry 3. yellow 35.Origanum majorana. statice Solemacher'. Anethum graveolens 23.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'. 50.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'.Magnolia virginiana.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. purple basil Japanese holly 17. plantain lily 2. French tarragon 8.Ribes alpinum. lemon thyme 40. bush basil 41.Origanum heracleoticum. fraxinella 26. lavender 18. Stokes' aster 31.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. 32. sweet marjoram 45.Digitalis grandiflora. Campanula persicifolia.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30. 1.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'. green santolina 42.Pelargonium in variety.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Artemisia dracunculus var. blue hyssop 43.Petroselinum crispum var. lamb's-ears 49. columbine dwarf marigold 6.Polystichum acrostichoides. French thyme 7. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Satureja montana.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'. garden sage 56. Louise'.Rosa damascena savory crispum. sweet 51.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. winter savory 44.Lilium candidum. 53. clary 46.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'.Stokesia laevis.Satureja hortensis. 55. Dictamnus albus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. as in this case. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation. While serving as a soil retainer. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. < previous page page_32 next page > . A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs.
bee balm 24.Galium odoratum.Mentha spicata. Melissa officinalis. Landscape Architect.45. The number in each planting area is the key number. Monarda didyma.Tanacetum vulgare var. lemon verbena 46. dwarf lavender crested iris 5. F. crispum.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. English 44. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6. lemon 22. lady's43.Thymus × citriodorus.R. spearmint 41.Solanum pseudocapsicum.Iris cristata. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Viola odorata. 21. 1.A.Iris pseudacorus.A.Alchemilla vulgaris. Stachys byzantina. 42. Borago officinalis. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum. lamb's25. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. sweet 23.Allium schoenoprasum. . borage 26.Aloysia triphylla.
garlic < previous page page_33 next page > . 52. Greek 53. catnip 50.Petroselinum crispum var. fennel 35.Anethum graveolens.Artemisia dracunculus var. Rosmarinus officinalis. curly parsley oak 17. French tarragon holly 13.Artemisia absinthium. wild 39.Allium cepa.Origanum heracleoticum.Salvia officinalis. polyantha rose 12. 37. Ajuga reptans. garlic chive 48. horehound neapolitanum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja hortensis. post crispum 'Banquet'. summer 32.Ruta graveolens.Allium sativum.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Rosa × rehderana. absinthe English thyme 27. carpet bugleweed 8.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'.Mentha pulegium. myrtle 58.7. dill 34.Elaeagnus pungens.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14. savory sativa. curly mint 30. pennyroyal 54. Proliferum Group. tabasco senna pepper 20.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pink hawthorn 16. pineapple38. flowering dogwood 15.Nepeta cataria.Quercus stellata. citrata.Allium ampeloprasum.Vinca minor.Salvia elegans. salad burnet 10.Foeniculum vulgare. southernwood 31.Crataegus arkansana. rosemary 9.Verbascum thapsus. mullein chive 47. Egyptian onion 11. 33. rue 51.Cornus florida. orange mint 29.Dianthus caryophyllus. clove 55.Marrubium vulgare. leek 49. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18.Cassia marilandica. 40. garden sage 36.Artemisia abrotanum.Capsicum frutescens. 57.Allium tuberosum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Porrum Group. 56. sweet marjoram 28.Petroselinum crispum var. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19. Poterium sanguisorba.Origanum majorana.Mentha × piperita var.
Although this is a northeast exposure. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. However. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. and vinegars. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction. mothproofing bags. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. < previous page page_34 next page > . sleep pillows. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere.
Landscape Architect .< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Wilcox.
Pelargonium × limoneum. balm valerian 15. winter 29. lily leek 44. bee balm 30.Satureja montana. Roman 20.Aloysia triphylla.Hyssopus officinalis .Hemerocallis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium odoratum.Pelargonium graveolens. French tarragon 10. pot 28. 'President Poincare'. tansy 16. southernwood 9. daylily in variety 41. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. 24. garden 'Purpurascens'.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V. 23. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . Hallock'.Pelargonium fragrans. lettuce in variety 25. 49. lavender 7.Rumex scutatus. nutmeg geranium 39.Melissa officinalis. Ruta graveolens. Egyptian onion 42. orris 17. lemon 31. 21.Thuja occidentalis. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33.Tanacetum vulgare.Levisticum officinale.Salvia elegans.Iris × germanica var. dwarf nasturtium 37. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Artemisia abrotanum. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Thymus × citriodorus. florentina. Petroselinum crispum var. 50. purple basil sage 11. 1. anise hyssop 14. costmary 5. sativa.Tropaeolum minus.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita.Ocimum basilicum 27.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium tomentosum. peppermint geranium 40.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Salvia oficinalis. burnet lovage 6.Salvia officinalis. French gray santolina sorrel 8. Lactuca.Artemisia dracunculus var. Poterium sanguisorba.Calendula officinalis. lemon 18.Laurus nobilis. American rosemary arborvitae 34. 19. crispum. rue 26.Alchemilla vulgaris. ophioscorodon rocambole 45. blue hyssop 35.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'.Allium schoenoprasum.Agastache foeniculum. salad 22. garden sage 2. sweet wormwood woodruff 4.Allium sphaerocephalum. chive 43. Proliferum Group. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. dwarf savory garden sage 13.Allium cepa.Allium sativum var. round-headed garlic 46. Santolina chamaecyparissus. lemon verbena 36.Valeriana officinalis. lilac 32. English finger-bowl geranium 38.Monarda didyma. Artemisia pontica.Allium moly. 'Monge'.Rosmarinus officinalis. bay 48.Tsuga canadensis.Allium pulchellum 47.
Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. < previous page page_36 next page > . The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs. Invasive. is the focus of the middle level. A simple knot. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden.
dwarf winter savory 2. thyme 3. horehound 46. pineapplescented sage 47.Poterium sanguisorba. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. fennel 25. Satureja montana 'Nana'.Sempervivum tectorum. houseleek 45. valerian 5. French tarragon 44.Salvia elegans. 1.Artemisia dracunculus var. salad burnet 23. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'.Satureja hortensis. pineapple mint 22. foxglove 4. Valeriana officinalis. Digitalis purpurea. white thrift 24.Marrubium vulgare. sativa. bee balm 26.Monarda didyma.Foeniculum vulgare. golden thyme .< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Armeria maritima. summer savory 43.
Symphytum officinale.Lilium candidum.Rosmarinus officinalis.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Anemone pulsatilla. 33.Laurus nobilis. rosemary 28. absinthe 53.Crocus sativus.Eranthis hyemalis.Hyssopus officinalis.Myrrhis odorata.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. winter bugloss 'Albus'.Lavandula angustifolia.6.Origanum majorana. 30. Madonna cicely lily 12. marigold chive 15. 38. germander 56. clary 48.Echium vulgare.Galium odoratum.Rosa chinensis.Helleborus niger. China rose comfrey 19. dyer's woad 7.Calendula officinalis.Chrysanthemum 36. yellow 41. sweet 37. English 52.Salvia officinalis. pink 62. garden 42. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. sweet 32. pink 59.Levisticum officinale. angelica Lenten rose 10.Rosa eglanteria. white creeping thyme aconite 14. Isatis tinctoria. rue 31. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > . saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. 54.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. annual clary 51.Ocimum basilicum. fraxinella 8. sweet basil sage 27. pot 35.Allium schoenoprasum.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. 61.Alchemilla vulgaris.Artemisia absinthium.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. arcticus 55. 39.Sium sisarum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. Angelica archangelica.Galium verum.Teucrium chamaedrys. French thyme alpine strawberry 29.Helleborus orientalis. sweet 50. Salvia sclarea.Thymus praecox subsp. 40. viper's 34.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. parthenium.Foeniculum vulgare. blue hyssop 57. Dictamnus albus.Salvia viridis. feverfew climbing rose 16. skirret 60. white 58.Agrimonia eupatoria. French'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Ruta graveolens. lavender Christmas rose 11. dwarf edging box 21.
The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. There is variety in this plan. even though space is limited. Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. Carya ovata. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and the shagbark hickory. However.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. < previous page page_38 next page > .
Landscape Architect . Paxton.< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C.
damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var.Galium verum. flax Buxus sempervirens. germander Agastache foeniculum. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. Poterium sanguisorba. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. stewardsonii.Arisaema triphyllum. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. box Ruta graveolens. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. lamb's. sweet basil Satureja montana. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. Canada Isatis tinctoria. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. Asarum canadense. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. French Galium odoratum. chive Ilex opaca. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. sativa. bee balm Melissa officinalis. Marrubium vulgare. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata. angelica Mondarda didyma. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. Aloysia triphylla. monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. green santolina Primula veris. box Carya ovata. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. borage Petroselinum crispum. rue Cornusflorida. box Buxus sempervirens. Adiantum pedatum. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. valerian Rosa damascena. red mint . bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. citrata. Artemisia absinthium. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp.
bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.
< previous page page_40 next page > . this excavation. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. first intended for the construction of a cottage. However. too. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. A clump of birch here. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. An informal. unplanned look was desired. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. For this appearance. is on a sandy knoll. it is open on the side facing the house. a dipping pool there. A singular statue of St. So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created.
< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .
Pelargonium × domesticum sativa.Mentha pulegium. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Betula papyrifera.Salvia elegans. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Mentha × piperita.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Ajuga reptans.Thymus herba-barona.Thymus praecox subsp. 77.Viola tricolor.Pelargonium graveolens. 72. creeping juniper 26. sweet 71. celandine cicely 18. 36. rose bergamot valerian 25.Mentha × gentilis. 60. 1. lamb's-ears parsley 19. 52.Teucrium canadense. Johnny-jump-up54. 63. thrift55. 68. 59.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Rosa 'Merry England'. 74.Pelargonium tomentosum.The number in each planting area is the key number. 76. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.Salvia officinalis. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. Iris × germanica var. winter savory 20. peppermint 47. 12.Chrysanthemum 80.Levisticum officinale. catnip 73. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17.Allium schoenoprasum. 34. 32. 67.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Pulmonaria officinalis. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Poterium sanguisorba. orange geranium 11. red mint 48. white birch English lavender parthenium. bee balm . feverfew 27.Mentha suaveolens.Melissa officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Digitalis grandiflora.Origanum vulgare. Thymus praecox subsp. spearmint 45. 65.Stachys byzantina. 75.Artemisia abrotanum. 64.Pelargonium crispum. rue 29. 31. sea onion angelica 24.Origanum majorana. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41.Satureja montana.Chelidonium majus.Glechoma hederacea.Ocimum basilicum.Althaea officinalis. wild 51. blue 2.Nepeta cataria. orris chamaecyparissus.Myrrhis odorata. lemon balm 44. 78.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. 30. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. pot 66. wild 43.Satureja hortensis. 69.Petroselinum crispum.Chrysanthemum balsamita. mint 50. purple basil 9. pennyroyal 46. rose geranium 10. 61. Thymus × citriodorus. Ruta graveolens.Marrubium vulgare. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5.Anethum graveolens. fern-leaf tansy 23. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39.Mentha spicata. 33. 58. 53.Angelica archangelica. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 'Prostratus'. 79.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus.Pelargonium denticulatum. 38. golden 37.Santolina florentina.Consolida orientalis.Convallaria majalis. garden sage lungwort 57.Urginea maritima. 8.Monarda didyma. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. French'.Digitalis purpurea. apple mint 49. lemon 35.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pelargonium quercifolium.Vinca minor.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'.Monarda fistulosa.Achillea tomentosa. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. pineapple3.Armeria maritima.Coriandrum sativum.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Lavandula angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis.Origanum onites. gray scented sage santolina 4.Anthriscus cerefolium. marsh 42. myrtle 14. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. chive crispum. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Valeriana officinalis.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. 70.Allium favum lovage 22. Sempervivum tectorum. woolly thyme 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40.
< previous page page_41 next page > .
A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. They are clustered around the smokehouse. Foundation stone. is used for the wall. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. the same as the smokehouse construction. the accents of the six large box. and the two small trees. Because of the edging box. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. < previous page page_42 next page > . A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. making it more a part of the herb garden. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy.
A.L. .< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.S. Landscape Architect.A.
bee balm 29.Melissa officinalis.Viola tricolor. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . lady's.Artemisia frigida.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Buxus sempervirens.Aloysia triphylla. blue angelica lungwort 20. Corsican 33.Viola cornuta 'Alba'. 21. English 'Minimum'. 47.Myrrhis odorata.Prunus domestica. species in variety crispum.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'. 44. lemon 34. rosemary 3. winter 42. Rosmarinus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum.Levisticum officinale.Galium odoratum. lemon 36. Origanum majorana.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma. plum white hyssop southernwood 16.Chrysanthemum 28. chive comfrey curly mint 8. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Mentha × piperita.Mentha requienii.The number in each planting area is the key number. 22. orange mint 19. pineapple mint 18. spearmint 48. sweet 26. balm citrata. 41.Mentha spicata.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. dwarf edging box 14.Tanacetum vulgare var.Pulmonaria officinalis. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. Dictamnus albus. Asarum europaeum. Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum 32.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. verbena English thyme 5. sweet marjoram 2.Angelica archangelica. 27.Ocimum basilicum 30. fringed 43. balsamita.Mentha × piperita var.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. lovage 46. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.38. European ginger 4.Fritillaria imperialis. summer 25. Pelargonium graveolens.Satureja montana. sweet cicely45. Symphytum officinale.Crocus.Artemisia abrotanum. sweet 37. 'Purpurascens'. 40. purple basil sativa. 1. crownbasil savory imperial 11.Allium giganteum.Alchemilla vulgaris.Lilium candidum. 35.Crataegus laevigata. horned English lavender mantle violet 7.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Artemisia dracunculus var. 39.Allium schoenoprasum. fraxinella 17. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. box 'Citriodorum'. Satureja hortensis. lemon basil 15. white 23. Ocimum basilicum 24. 31.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'.
The dipping bowl. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. Instead. < previous page page_44 next page > . the dwarf box edging. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. pink of Dianthus.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. although it is ample at four feet. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. This hedge. Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. two specimen shrubs. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment. this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. This is true also of the stone curbing. too. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. a soil retainer. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. Lowgrowing. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden.
L.A. . Landscape Architect.S.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. A.
dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Convallaria majalis. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. spearmint 48.Galium odoratum. gray 22. thyme 29.Santolina virens.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Digitalis grandiflora. 43.Anemone blanda.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. Origanum majorana. angustifolia 'Nana'. Spanish bluebell 16.Helleborus lividus subsp. 56. 20. lamb's-ears 28. orange mint 8. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Crocus kotschyanus.Crocus angustifolius.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. angel's-tears 59. 36. black cohosh windflower 15. Stachys byzantina.Myrica pensylvanica.Thymus herba-barona.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. green santolina 37.Sternbergia lutea. American 38.Aloysia triphylla.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 17. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6. 46.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Cimicifuga racemosa. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. sweet 27. sweet 47. arcticus 34.The number in each planting area is the key number. crocus Virginia bluebells 5.Hamamelis virginiana. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. 40. verbena snowflake 19. prostrate rosemary 18. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Tulipa kaufmanniana.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Borago officinalis. tulip citrata. 53. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21. 'Lanuginosus'.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 49. 2.Crocus tomasinianus.Narcissus triandrus var. golden thyme41.Ocimum basilicum.Teucrium canadense. caraway thyme albus. 26.Allium christophii.Mentha × piperita var. lemon 60. 44.Crocus speciosus. sweet 55. Santolina chamaecyparissus. lily. 45. lemon 33.57. white creeping thyme lovage 10. clary 32.Heliotropium arborescens.Salvia sclarea. marjoram crocus 7. 1.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium in variety.Mertensia virginica. borage 31. 50. white 42.Satureja montana.Pelargonium in variety. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3. Salvia officinalis. 61. winter savory 39.Leucojum aestivum.Thymus praecox subsp.Mentha × piperita.Lilium candidum. Thymus doerfleri.Narcissus asturiensis. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62. catmint 35.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Galanthus nivalis. 52. Compactus'.Helleborus niger. Thymus praecox subsp.Dicentra spectabilis. rue25. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium giganteum angelica 11. arcticus 30. 51.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'.Tulipa clusiana. 58.Mentha spicata. Madonna 63. 54.Nepeta mussinii.Angelica archangelica.
There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. First. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. Second. this herb garden was designed before the house was built. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. The results have been most satisfying. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house.< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > . Morning sun warms it early. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. very livable and profoundly satisfying.
Landscape Architect. 'Lambrook Silver'. Origanum heracleoticum. Beauty'. woolly thyme 3.A. absinthe sativa. leek 46. The number in each planting area is the key number.S.Tulipa tarda. lemon 21. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Ocimum basilicum. Artemisia absinthium 24. French tarragon 5. English thyme 43.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. A. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. 26. Thymus × citriodorus.Artemisia dracunculus var. tulip 45. garden sage 4. marigold 41. sweet basil 23. crocus 44. Thymus praecox subsp.Allium ampeloprasum. 1.Salvia sclarea. . Porrum Group.Tagetes 'Lulu'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 25.Allium neapolitanum. wild celery 42.Artemisia lactiflora.Crocus sieberi.Apium graveolens.L.Salvia officinalis. clary thyme 22.
Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. Viola odorata.Petroselinum crispum var.Levisticum officinale.Ribes sativum.Ilex opaca. lamb's-ears 52. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59.Artemisia camphorata.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. American marjoram Yellow'.Hyssopus officinalis. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10. white evergreen azalea 16.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'.Aloysia triphylla. monkshood upright yew 17.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Clematis 'Mrs.Crataegus phaenopyrum. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > . green 40. catmint 53.Aconitum napellus.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Santolina virens. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Allium senescens var. viola holly 18.Achillea filipendula 60. alpine 28.Nepeta × faassenii.Stachys byzantina. clematis 11. 32.Cornus florida. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. dogwood 19.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. great 31.Rosmarinus officinalis. Robert verbena Brydon'.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51.Galium mollugo.Tropaeolum minus. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.foxglove 7. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12.Dictamnus albus. sweet 37. 54. pink 30.Lobelia siphilitica. blue 38.Allium schoenoprasum.Digitalis grandiflora. 39. 56.Dianthus × allwoodii. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Asclepias tuberosa. lemon 50.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. lobelia Sherbert'. curly parsley 20. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. pale 49.Ipomoea alba. butterfly 47.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 8. red currant gray santolina 13.Malus hupehensis. fraxinella 36. yellow 55.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. weed chive 48.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33.Origanum majorana. 58. bee balm foxglove Choice'. American elderberry 15. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. lovage 34. 29. Lavandula angustifolia.
< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .
an impression of Sol in it. The four herb beds. are raised with bricks on edge. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. repeats again the octagonal form.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs. Well-drained as they are. A birdbath of copper. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. even though the growing area is not extensive. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern.
< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .
sweet basil 22.Salvia officinalis.Aloysia triphylla. thyme salad burnet 40. Artemisia dracunculus var.Heliotropium arborescens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium graveolens. lamb's-ears 17.Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon 41.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon 39.Nepeta mussinii. 29. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. French 26.Pelargonium denticulatum.Thymus praecox subsp. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'. Semple. Anethum graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. heliotrope 31.Pelargonium crispum. prostrate rosemary 34. lemon 30.Marrubium vulgare. curly mint 3. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. 42. Artemisia abrotanum. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. clary 21.Ruta graveolens. gray 'Prince of Orange'. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silver mound artemisia 8.Mentha spicata.Petroselinum crispum var. 27. 16. Stachys byzantina. clove pink 10. sativa. 43. sweet woodruff 9.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'.Pelargonium tomentosum. curly parsley 32.Mentha × piperita. lavender pine geranium chive 13. white creeping thyme 12.Thymus × citriodorus. 1. lavender 15. crispum. catmint 6. rue 35. bush basil 23. 28.Ocimum basilicum.Lavandula dentata. orange santolina geranium 11. English thyme horehound 2. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. purple basil 24.Santolina 25. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > . purple variegated garden sage 36.Salvia sclarea. Galium odoratum. rosemary 33. Artemisia absinthium.Joan E. absinthe 20.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Allium tuberosum. angustifolia.Lavandula angustifolia. 19. golden variegated garden sage 38.Poterium sanguisorba. variegated garden sage 37. peppermint 4. dill 18. spearmint southernwood 5. French tarragon 7.
In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. a toolhouse. if neither is available. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. rose. A suitable fence. < previous page page_52 next page > .< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. rose geranium. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden. Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. A birdbath may replace the pool. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. lemon verbena. and lantana are a few. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. too.
< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .
Origanum majorana. lavender 3.A.Rosmarinus officinalis. zonal geranium 18. holly < previous page page_53 next page > .Heliotropium arborescens. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. 9. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. fern-leaf tansy 8.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. 13. green 12.Artemisia absinthium 11. woolly thyme 15. crispum.Tanacetum vulgare var. zonal geranium 19. Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Chamaemelum nobile. sweet santolina marjoram 6. The number in each planting area is the key number.Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'. verbena ambrosia 4. lemon 10. gray santolina chamomile 14.Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'.Chenopodium botrys.Aloysia triphylla.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Thymus praecox subsp. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.L. 1. geranium 16. A. bush basil 5.Pelargonium frutetorum. Landscape Architect. heliotrope 21. rosescented geranium 17. 7. arcticus 'Albus'. lemon thyme 20.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.S. absinthe 'Minimum'. white creeping thyme 2.
At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden. Angelica. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. Hyssop hedges define the circles. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > . box. As the snows melt. artemisias. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. a deep mauve to others. the design is clearly traced. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Box and holly enclose it all. a sundial. but the design itself has endured forty years. The dwarf box frames the focal point.< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. These can easily obliterate a design. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. mints. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. apothecary's rose.
< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .
Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis. valerian 6.Vitis. Pelargonium in variety. daffodil 17. rue 23.Sedum telephium. 65. wild 52.Myrrhis odorata.Thymus praecox subsp. sweet woodruff45. dyer's woad 9.Syringa. 1. 67. Santolina virens.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. crimson creeping thyme 18. Dianthus caryophyllus.Foeniculum vulgare.Iris × germanica var. Origanum majorana. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Hyssopus officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp.Asarum europaeum. butterfly weed35. alpine 60. grape fennel 19. 62. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. southernwood 2.Helleborus orientalis.Sempervivum tectorum.Lamium album. 59.Alchemilla vulgaris.63. yew Beauty'. clove pink 29.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis. Canadian burnet 13.Isatis tinctoria. Rosmarinus officinalis.Alchemilla alpina. marjoram lungwort crispum.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'. scented. green.Buxus sempervirens. thrift 41. arcticus 40. fern-leaf tansy 5.Artemisia camphorata. blue hyssop 42.James D. orris 57. orris box 22. Graham.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68. arcticus 38. white dead 49. arcticus 39. feverfew 14. lady's-mantle 46. 56.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. sweet 27. apothecary's rose lavender 20.Tanacetum vulgare var.Lilium candidum. Satureja montana.Taxus. florentina. absinthe 34.Perillafrutescens.Monarda fistulosa.Origanum onites.Valeriana officinalis. French thyme Madonna lily 16. Chamaemelum nobile. garden sage Christmas rose 10.Lavandula angustifolia.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. bush basil nettle orpine 4. nasturtium 28. blue 50. 26. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15. bronze 64.Pulmonaria officinalis. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . 'Albus'.Asclepias tuberosa. 55.Pyrus communis. 48.Stachys byzantina.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'. perilla 51.Lavandula dentata.Sium sisarum. piney 44.Astrantia major. rosemary 25. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Thymus praecox subsp. skirret 53.Paeonia officinalis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Santolina neapolitana 36. lilac 70. green santolina 24.47.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Reseda luteola. weld 54. lamb's-ears 33.Symphytum officinale.Teucrium chamaedrys.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. white creeping thyme French'.Galium odoratum. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.30. dwarf edging box 21. pot bergamot marjoram 7.Arisaema dracontium. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. Tropaeolum majus.Armeria maritima. winter savory 32. germander 43.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61. masterwort 69. 58.Helleborus niger. gray 37. sweet European ginger cicely 3.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. chamomile 31. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Artemisia absinthium. houseleek Lenten rose 11. white 66.Helleborus atrorubens 12.
rising from the courtyard. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. If there is room for only one rambler rose. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. include this one. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. The brick edging around each bed is a help. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. However. They are small specialty beds. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. Rosa 'Albertine'. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. At the top of the steps. < previous page page_56 next page > . crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. with buds of red. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. but no panacea for the maintenance required. pink. The large. In addition to the brick edging around each. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves.
Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. Angelica archangelica. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Melissa officinalis. subsp.Satureja montana. tansy Bois'. 1. alpine strawberry 3. lavender 4. 22. foxglove 39.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen. garden sage 40. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. lemon balm 42.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Carum carvi. 23.Tanacetum vulgare. English thyme .Borago officinalis.Thymus × citriodorus. rhubarb 2. Lavandula angustifolia.Rheum rhabarbarum. caraway 24.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. winter savory 41.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. angelica 20. bush basil 43.
Tagetes filifolia.'Baronne Prevost'. cheddar pink 53.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. marguerite chive 9. borboniana 'La Reine 14.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Chenopodium 55.R.R. Hyssopus officinalis. Pelargonium graveolens.Calendula officinalis. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17.Mentha × piperita var. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11.Salvia elegans. 54. sweet 37. Irish-lace 48. centifolia. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. lemon 51.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'. Mexican tea 18. citrata. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.R.R.Satureja hortensis.Allium schoenoprasum.'Albertine'.Chrysanthemum balsamita. pot 50. French'.Lavandula dentata. thyme frutescens. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19.Poterium sanguisorba. prostrate rosemary 16. 45. bourbon rose 10. musk rose 12. curly parsley 26.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. 31. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.Petroselinum crispum var. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52. 35.R. French 33.Pelargonium. geranium in 30. crested moss germander marigold rose 13. 56. salad 7. Thymus 'Argenteus'.sativa.Chrysanthemum 46. Consolida ambigua. centifolia 'Cristata'.R.Anethum graveolens 47. muscosa 15.Chrysanthemum.Marrubium vulgare.R. silver 27. 49. 29.Dianthus Victoria'.Laurus nobilis.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. pineapple34.R. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. rose 28. blue hyssop 25. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'.Artemisia dracunculus 44.6.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. 36. clove pink Mammoth'. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > .Origanum majorana. var.Aloysia triphylla. centifolia var.
< previous page page_58 next page > . The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. It is near the house. Balance is augmented. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. too. as it should be. Laid in an unusual pattern. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan.
< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .
Poterium sanguisorba. Landscape Architect.Salvia officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. blue hyssop 13. Rosmarinus officinalis.Lucile Teeter Kissack. rosemary yellow viola 10. 1.Heliotropium arborescens. 21. dwarf edging box 8.Anethum graveolens. English thyme signet marigold 11. 16. lavender 2. gray 15. A.Myosotis sylvatica.Aloysia triphylla. heliotrope 3.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. The number in each planting area is the key number. green 22.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'.S. English'. 19. 24. chive lemon verbena 6.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.Origanum majorana.Satureja hortensis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.A. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Thymus praecox subsp.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola lutea 'Splendens'. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > . sweet basil 14. 17. dill 9. santolina moss rose 7.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'.Santolina virens. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12.Ocimum basilicum. arcticus 'Albus'.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. white creeping thyme 4.L.Hyssopus officinalis. double white peony 5. 20. 23.
well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. The grape vines. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. the fence with roses. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. potted lemon verbena. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. and the grape arbor. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. winter pruned. Herbs. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. < previous page page_60 next page > . The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. and a comfortable. too. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation.
< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .
Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. Aloysia triphylla. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus.Amsonia tabernaemontana. Nepeta mussinii. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. lemon Linum perenne. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. Althaea officinalis. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. sweet climbing rose.Connecticut Vera Breed. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Galium odoratum. marsh climbing rose. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. Stachys byzantina. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. purple variegated garden sage 4. Teucrium chamaedrys. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. three. Iris cristata. 3. conical yew rosemary 1. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. Valeriana officinalis. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. BED II germander BED IV 2. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. lovage Myrrhis odorata. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris.
Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Chamaemelum nobile. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Delphinium × belladonna. creeping thyme in variety 8. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. houseleek in variety 7. Thymus. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. plume Baptisia australis. lemon Anemone hybrida. Thymus × citriodorus. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. fairy rose Giant'. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Rosmarinus officinalis. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. lavender 10. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. tuberosa 6. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. lemon thyme 9. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. Sempervivum. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. angustifolia 'Munstead'. beach Marrubium vulgare. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. catmint 5.
an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. magnolia. blue green. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. Later. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. planted in bands across these beds. its detail is shown below. silver. grew too large. Ivy. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. if desired. holly. Herbs. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. tend to broaden the width of the garden. this was replaced with ''edging" box. Another angle could be tried with these. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. and bright green in the herb beds. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. myrtle. Either it flourished too well.
< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .
thyme 38. French 27. salad 43.Marrubium vulgare.Ilex opaca.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa. tansy 45. Ruta graveolens. Ocimum basilicum 24.Thymus herba-barona. sweet woodruff 36. spearmint 42. 6.Rosmarinus officinalis.Artemisia dracunculus var.Thymus 'Argenteus'. lemon 29. Borago officinalis. borage 26.Rumex scutatus.Pelargonium fragrans. myrtle 47. lamb's. caraway thyme 40. 28. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. winter 'Purpurascens'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Satureja montana.Mentha suaveolens. lovage 48. 33. sweet 34. bush basil albula. 25. white creeping thyme 41. Stachys byzantina. silver-king artemisia 23. 49.Laurus nobilis.Thymus doerfleri. Ocimum basilicum 22. English ivy burnet 10.Thymus praecox subsp.Lavandula angustifolia.Poterium sanguisorba.Buxus sempervirens 14. woolly thyme 8. bayberry balm thyme 13. English'.Magnolia grandiflora. bee balm30. bay rosemary 12. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. rue 20.Monarda didyma. English thyme chamomile 2.Teucrium chamaedrys.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus carnosus. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Myrica pensylvanica.19.Mentha spicata. 1. lemon 46.Artemisia abrotanum. 44. gray santolina 15. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. ears rose geranium 3.Chamaemelum nobile. Tropaeolum minus.Origanum majorana.Hedera helix. French thyme 39.Artemisia ludoviciana var. arcticus 'Albus'.Thymus × citriodorus. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus praecox subsp. 'Minimum'.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. box chamaecyparissus. dwarf edging box 11. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. horehound germander 17.Pelargonium graveolens.Levisticum officinale. thyme 37.Melissa officinalis. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5. purple garden sage 7. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18. lime geranium 4. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'.Pelargonium × nervosum.Vinca minor. purple basil savory 35.Galium odoratum. dwarf 21. American holly 31.
brick. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. maypoles. accent this prime focal point even more. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. Laurus nobilis. potted shrubs. There is variety in the walks. < previous page page_64 next page > . It is a large garden. It is located for the best viewing. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. The four potted bay. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. and treessome of which are espaliered. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. The use of flagstone. standards. too. adding to the space for walking. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. too.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence.
Viola tricolor.P.P. Johnny-jump.Chrysanthemum balsamita.50. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'.53. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4. 49.P.P.Chenopodium botrys. 25. 51. musty oakscented geranium 5. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . love-in.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'. 26. winter 27. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.odoratissimum.acerifolium. pot 52. fragrans. 1.P. Satureja montana. lemon 29. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Nigella damascena.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.quercifolium. apple English thyme up geranium 3.Calendula officinalis. wild 28. Thymus × citriodorus.
57.Tanacetum vulgare var. 64. 61.Mentha pulegium.Levisticum officinale.P. tomentosum.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. sweet flag 16. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15.Poncirus trifoliata. glutinosum.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 47.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'. strawberry 48.P.Livingston'. dwarf apple foot geranium 30.P.P. horehound 46. lemon 65. lettuce geranium glaucum 18. chamomile 8.P.Forsythia. crowfoot 70.72. denticulatum 11. French tarragon Rose'.Acorus calamus. 58.Origanum majorana.P. garden sage 54. bay 20. arcticus43. lettuce 39. white creeping thyme geranium 68. lime geranium 55. lemon geranium 56.Foeniculum vulgare. classic 21. fern-leaf 'Nana'.Thymus praecox subsp.6.Myrtus communis. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. lemon geranium 33.Salvia officinalis. fern-leaf 60. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. bronze 38. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Poterium sanguisorba.Artemisia dracunculus var.Allium senescens var. lemon southernwood geranium 34. wild thyme 31.Monarda didyma. crispum.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. orange geranium 23.Achilleafilipendula. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Marrubium vulgare. Hyssopus officinalis. 62.Pelargonium crispum.Petroselinum crispum. sweet 37. rose geranium66. forsythia 'Albus'. radens 'Dr. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Malus.P.Mentha. lemon balm 45.Allium schoenoprasum.Viola odorata. 44. golden lemon thyme 7.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. crispum 'Minor'.Origanum dictamnus. Chamaemelum nobile. English lavender 32. 41.Malus angustifolia.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. camphor-scented geranium 69.P. rosemary 9. bee balm 63. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'.P. pheasant's. box 19. 71.Salvia caerulea. radens. parsley 35. Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop 10.P.P. cherry tomato chive 17.Lavandula angustifolia.× nervosum.Thymus serpyllum.P. graveolens.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon-rose geranium 22. peppermint 67. salad 42. pine crispum. dill 36.Melissa officinalis. denticulatum.Fragaria vesca. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24.Laurus nobilis. lettuce 40.Anethum graveolens. white sweet yarrow violet 13.P.
with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. and Allium karataviense. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest. The result is one of sculptured elegance. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. too. This is a large garden by any standard. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. green santolina. The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. In keeping with this feeling. < previous page page_66 next page > . Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped.
< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .
lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > . wormwood fennel 2.Allium moly. 1. blue hyssop 16. 8. dwarf garden 17. green santolina 14.Artemisia frigida. 15.Allium sativa.Salvia officinalis. fringed 7.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6.Hyssopus officinalis. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Artemisia dracunculus var. Santolina virens.Foeniculum vulgare.Salvia officinalis.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Baker.Thymus × citriodorus. winter savory 9. big blue lilyturf 12. garden sage 18. apple mint 13. lemon 11. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. santolina stars-of-Persia 5. arcticus. gray 10. French tarragon schoenoprasum. chive 4.Levisticum officinale.Satureja montana.Liriope muscari.Allium christophii. Mentha suaveolens.Florence B.
< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .
and the front porch of the house. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. for the box after new spring growth. < previous page page_70 next page > . this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance. the circle. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. the upper deck. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Many herb gardens could provide this. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. the square. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion.
< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .
Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cedrus deodara.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'. 1. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Cupressus sempervirens.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'. chamomile 2.Satureja montana. viola 3. Italian cypress 9.Chamaemelum nobile.The number in each planting area is the key number. winter savory 4. dwarf edging box 7. lavender 5.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'. lemon 8. dwarf myrtle 6.
" as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. as it was with this plan. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. Coin with Tudor rose design. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point. from Peter Coats. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed.. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Paths are gravel. Roses. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design.
< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .
Mentha × piperita.Aconitum napellus.Crocus sativus. rue 33.Calendula officinalis.Bellis perennis. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium.Anemone pulsatilla. Foeniculum vulgare. Malva sylvestris. English daisy 36. rosemary 16.Ruta graveolens. absinthe peppermint 8. sweet marjoram 3. Origanum majorana. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. clove20. pot marigold 15.Primula vulgaris.Myrtus communis. 22. classic myrtle 18.Rosmarinus officinalis. wild thyme 5.Iris pseudacorus. 1. saffron lily crocus 12.Melissa officinalis. sweet violet 6.Fragaria vesca. blue hyssop 2. 25.Viola odorata. lemon balm 31.Satureja montana.Petroselinum crispum.Poterium sanguisorba. oxlip 17. spearmint 30. English pasqueflower primrose 14. salad burnet 10.Crithmum maritimum.Lactuca sativa. Thymus serpyllum. Hyssopus officinalis.The number in each planting area is the key number.Lilium candidum.Mentha spicata.Carum carvi. chamomile 4. winter 32. 19. yellow flag 26. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9. mallow 13. Dianthus caryophyllus. Eryngium maritimum. lettuce 28.Buxus sempervirens.Fumaria officinalis. earth 24. caraway 35. parsley 29.Primula elatior. fennel 21. 34. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . monkshood27.Lavandula angustifolia. Chamaemelum nobile. Madonna 23.Viola tricolor.
this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn." Concrete blocks. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. silver mound. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. Selected for this reason. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. but Always Love. However. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. its tufted. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. white blooms and woolly. white. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. most of the blooms are nightscented. spurred.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. plumed. along with a measure of fragrance.
Lilium candidum. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'. lamb's. sweet 31. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. 17.Dictamnus albus.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white . horehound 2. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Galium odoratum.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. pink 15. Dianthus 'White Lace'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'. 'Albus'. petunia 30. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 1. white 32. Stachys byzantina. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'. silver mound artemisia 3.Galanthus nivalis.Achillea millefolium 'The 33.19. silver 16.Primula sieboldii 'Alba'.Marrubiam vulgare.
21. tulip 37. 26. needle florentina.Artemisia ludoviciana.Artemisia stellerana. 23. dame's honesty rocket 14. silver-king artemisia columbine 13.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. clary 24. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > . moonflower 39. beach mugwort wormwood 9.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'.Chrysanthemum parthenium. western mugwort 7.6. white 27.Lunaria annua. lily-ofthe-valley 11.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34. tulip 38.Ipomoea alba.Malus 'Guiding Star'. white stock absinthe 10. albula. lavender 12.Rosa 'Cinderella'.Matthiola incana. Artemisia lactiflora.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'.Tulipa 'Blizzard'.Hesperis matronalis.Convallaria majalis. Adam's. daffodil 35. rose 40. Artemisia absinthium. white 22. 25.Salvia sclarea.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. 28. Yucca filamentosa.Iris × germanica var.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'. rose 41. Viola odorata.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Polianthes tuberosa. sweet violet 20. orris 8. tuberose 36.
< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. too. < previous page page_76 next page > . related to an old mill reconstruction. textures. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. required their use as an educational adjunct. Many of these herbs lack the hues. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. This herb garden. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Rather.
< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .
lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > . sumac poke 17.Coreopsis tinctoria. Abutilon theophrasti. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2. golden 40. 34.Indigofera tinctoria. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. 1.Genista germanica. lily. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Anchusa officinalis.Parmelia conspersa. Agave sisalana.Berberis vulgaris. queen. Hibiscus cannabinus. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11. 20.Rudbeckia hirta. 29. Scotch broom hemp 7.Allium cepa. goldthread 41. bee 36. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14. woad Susan laevifolium.Genista tinctoria.Tagetes patula.Filipendula ulmaria. dyer's broom safflower 6.Crocus sativus. black-eyed 50.Ligustrum vulgare. madder 54.Coptis trifolia. Agave fourcroydes. weld 57.Urtica dioica.Viburnum acerifolium.Cytisus scoparius. 23.Morus rubra or alba. 37. Gossypium hirsutum. onion China jute 4.Rumex acetosa. privet marigold 15.Tagetes erecta. 22. blueberry 13.51.Anthemis tinctoria.46. French 33. 43. stinging nettle44. 48.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Agrimonia eupatoria.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. alkanet 52.Pteridium aquilinum. 26.Hypericum perforatum. 32. yellow 55.Mahonia aquifolium. kenaf dock dockmackie 5.Rubia tinctorum. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Monarda didyma. 39. African 45.Furcraea hexapetala. Manila 25. Boehmeria nivea. sweet 49. peach bracken sorrel 19. barberry teasel woodruff 12.Galium verum.Cladrastis lutea. Musa textilis. flax 21.Hydrastis canadensis.Prunus persica.Solidago species.Reseda luteola. 28.Dipsacus sativus.. St. 35.Rhus typhina. indigo hemp John's-wort 9. ramie 24.Galium odoratum. Linum usitatissimum.Cotinus coggygria.Vaccinium angustifolium var. Sansevieria trifasciata. 47. garden 56.Sanguinaria canadensis. fuller's 30.38.Convallaria majalis.Chelidonium majus. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Rumex obtusifolius.Isatis tinctoria. dyer's 31. 53. sisal 27. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16. broad 42.Carthamus tinctorius.Phytolacca americana.
It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. Elsewhere. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. A totally appealing edging. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. as well as the roses. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. < previous page page_78 next page > . Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections.
< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .
'Empress Josephine' 7. 'Mignonette' 5. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11. rambler 19. rambler 20. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 22. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'Queen of the Prairies'. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > . cl. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. 24. cl. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. cl. cl. Legras de St. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Sombreuil'. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 23. 'Seven Sisters'. 'Belle Amour' 6. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16.Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. 1. 18. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 25. Alfred de Rougemont'. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Mme. 'Marie Pavic' 8. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. 'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. 'American Pillar'. cl. 'White Rose of York' 3. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12.
is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. The notch of four square feet. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it. this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. Circles and angles provide interest.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. < previous page page_80 next page > . There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here.
< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .
C.Apium graveolens var. annuum 'Fips'.S.Solanum melongena var. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. lycopersicum var.C. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'. C. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. 40. graveolens 'French Dinant'.B. melongena 2. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11.B.Designed under the direction of Alfred L. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. 32.C. schoenoprasum.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. chive 42.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. ruby swiss chard var. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. giant garlic var. annuum 'Red Boy'. annuum 'Nosegay'.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12. 29.B. oleracea 'Green Parade'.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. garlic chive 44.A.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. C. Boerner. annuum 'Variegata'.A. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. annuum 'Golden Bell'.esculentum 'Long Black'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . celery I 31. kohlrabi Rock'.A.B. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. C.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10. C. 25. graveolens var. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.A. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.C. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'. scorodoprasum. red-flowered kale 6. cherry tomato 34. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16. red 38.B. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.Cichorium intybus.S.A. C. leek 5. annuum 'Black Prince'. oleracea 'Red Acre'. dulce 50. annuum 'Mosaic'.A. annuum 'Teno'. eggplant 43.B. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'.A. graveolens var. 30. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.B. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group. sprouts celery 8.B. annuum 'Pinocchio'.C.annuum 'Floral Gem'. 27. tuberosum. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.sativa 'Ruby'. 48. 22.L. graveolens var. crispum 'Banquet'. Beauty'. white-flowered kale 49. celery Group. dulce 47. 39.B. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.A. Capsicum annuum var.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. pear Purple Vienna'. red 37. shallot Lakes'. Petroselinum crispum var. 45.B.C.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.A. 28. celery Bed 9. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15.B. curly eggplant parsley 23. 26.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36.C. melongena 1. oleracea 'Prima'. cepa Proliferum Group. 24. C.L. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. dulce 'Utah 5270'.
and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. winter savory. All of the circles.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. When viewed from the terrace above. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . for each is a complete entity. and golden thyme. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. arcs. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.
< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .
peppermint 26.P. lime geranium Rose'.P. A.P. 29. crispum.' lemon geranium 23. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. 19. oak-leaved geranium 16. gooseberry geranium 24.× nervosum.P. 17. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. Teucrium chamaedrys. pungent-scented geranium 25. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.P.A. × nervosum 'Torento'. maple-leaved 18. Satureja montana. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. winter 13.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. acerifolium. Santolina virens.Myrica pensylvanica. Landscape Architect.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. tomentosum. odoratissimum.P. germander crowfoot geranium 21.P. 15. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'..× fragrans 'Variegatum'. lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. × domesticum 6. 1.P. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20. green 14. The number in each planting area is the key number. apricot geranium28.S. crispum 'French Lace. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7.P.P.P.Melissa R.P. radens 'Dr. P. lemon geranium 22.Ilex glabra. Assoc. grossularioides. rose-scented geranium 4. rose geranium 27.P. apple gray santolina geranium 3. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'. Marshall. graveolens.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'. inkberry geranium 9. P. scabrum. orange geranium 8. Livingston'. 12.P. golden 11. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . P.L.P.
sand. which is framed with a brick edging. especially when it is blooming. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. . was planted using edging box only. such as a dwarf edging box. 1. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. English lavender 2. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. filled with plants that have contrasting color. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. To ease the care for a more complicated design." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. or marble chips. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.Lavandula angustifolia. slower-growing plant material needs to be used. Its interspaces can be mulched. and growth to the plants of the knot design. Maintenance is high for a knot.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many. blue hyssop 3. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing.Hyssopus officinalis. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs.Santolina virens. closed knot design. For the knot to look its best at all times. texture. on page 37. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed.
Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. gray santolina 3. 1.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Santolina virens. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Thymus praecox subsp. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > . dwarf edging box 4. green santolina 2.
'Munstead'. lavender Japanese barberry 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. creeping thymes. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. Rosmarinus officinalis. Teucrium chamaedrys. purple variegated 11. praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'.T. The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. variegated garden sage .S.Thymus praecox subsp. In another departure from the usual. arcticus 'Albus'. A dwarf box ties it together at the center. which is found more often out in the open. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. caraway thyme 9. Some maintenance is required for clipping. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. fig 4. 1. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. herba-barona. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. the height of the edging. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. 8.officinalis 'Tricolor'.T. The knot material is maintained at six inches. white 7. which are confined to that area. arcticus 'Coccineus'. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house. rosemary creeping thyme 2.
< previous page page_85 next page > .
The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden. American germander 3. gray santolina 2. lavender . Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Teucrium canadense.
< previous page page_86 next page > .
Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. germander . setting it off admirably.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.Teucrium chamaedrys. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1.
gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.
The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. < previous page page_88 next page > . each one a quarter-circle. again laid on edge. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. a complement for the colors of the plant material. which are also laid on edge.< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. pleasing color. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. adding another facet to an appealing design.
< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .
candicans.Leontopodium alpinum.Artemisia frigida. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'. French lavender 3. woolly yarrow 23. 18. tree artemisia 26.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf gray santolina 20. curry plant 7. angustifolia 'Rosea'.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. tree germander 22. samphire14. 16.Teucrium fruticans.Stachys byzantina. lavender 5. lavender 9.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Allium senescens var. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'. silver thyme 6. blue sage 13.Santolina chamaecyparissus. fern-leaf yarrow 27. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > . rue 21.Artemisia arborescens.Marrubium incanum. grenadin pink chamomile 4. golden marguerite 25.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'.Dianthus × caryophyllus.Santolina neapolitana 10.The number in each planting area is the key number. silver horehound 19.Anthemis tinctoria. glaucum 11. gray santolina 2. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. dwarf 12. 17.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Lavandula dentata var.Perovskia atriplicifolia.Anthemis marschalliana. silver sage 15.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'. Russian sage 24.Crithmum maritimum.Salvia argentea.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'.Helichrysum angustifolium. lavender 8.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia clevelandii.
Some are rosemary. a number of which are listed in the bibliography. Styles of containers. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. which include hanging baskets. lady's-mantle. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. are without number. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. and the savories. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. oregano. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. The color of the container plays a lesser role. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. < previous page page_90 next page > . Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. sweet marjoram. As with other plant material. basil. If one is familiar with herbs. thyme. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one.
the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house. < previous page page_91 next page > . It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. as with this container herb garden. providing herbs in abundance.
Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years.< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. < previous page page_92 next page > . visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.
< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .
< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. < previous page page_95 next page > . Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants.A. LandscapeArchitect. If children's interest is not sustained. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.L. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. Of course supervision is necessary. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. However. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained.S. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. A. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. such an outlay would be unwarranted. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used.
an experiment with turf seats could be tried. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Just keep a garden design for children simple. These are ''old roses. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. Children in this age group can help with the construction. < previous page page_96 next page > . too. Instead of benches on the patio. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. they are easily handpicked." selected for their greater fragrance. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area.
S. . Landscape Architect. A.A.L.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.
Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. garlic chive 29.Rosa gallica.Lavandula angustifolia. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'.Marrubium vulgare. Borago officinalis. 13. curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. pot marigold 8.Nepeta cataria. Italian parsley 23. ambrosia 2. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . crispum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Allium senescens var. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. dwarf 6.Hedeoma pulegioides. 1.Isatis tinctoria.Tropaeolum minus. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Calendula officinalis.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. English lavender 7. glaucum 31. ophioscorodon.Satureja hortensis. damask rose 32.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia sclarea. catnip 27. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'.Petroselinum crispum var.Allium sativum var. clary 25. 19. summer savory 22. Levisticum officinale.Allium tuberosum. lovage 12. English lavender 4. Petroselinum crispum var. Nigella damascena.Allium moly. love-in-a-mist 14. borage 15. American 21. 20. alpine strawberry 3.Salvia officinalis. dill pennyroyal 11. lily leek 30. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Dianthus plumarius. horehound 26. neapolitanum.Artemisia camphorata. garden sage 24.Origanum majorana. dyer's bush basil woad 9. cottage pink 18.rocambole 28. 16.Anethum graveolens.Chenopodium botrys. southernwood 5.Rosa damascena.
was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds. The sculptures. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. not noted on the plan. are a seal and a turtle.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. previously used as a skating rink. < previous page page_98 next page > . All are inviting to the touch. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. The oval. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes.
. Landscape Architect.A.A.R.< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. F.
chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. winter savory Mentha. Nepeta cataria. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. mint Galium odoratum. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. duckweed Antennaria. English Tussilago farfara. Allium schoenoprasum. dog violet Lemna. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. mint Tagetes. Greek Stachys byzantina. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. chive dandelion Allium sativum. Trifolium pratense. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. bee orchid Erigeron. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . marigold Salvia officinalis. catnip Chamaemelum nobile. bee balm Satureja montana. Foeniculum vulgare. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. borage Tanacetum vulgare. cowslip Linaria. chamomile Mentha. fat-hen Primula veris. fleabane Stellaria. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. tansy Monarda didyma.Hedeoma pulegioides. coltsfoot Mimulus. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. lousewort Viola canina.
their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. Still. < previous page page_101 next page > . makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. it is a most satisfying growing situation. Here. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. are superb for displaying potted herbs.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. and old barn beams another about the same height. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. in a climate like this it can be of critical import. its wooden structure long gone. Their height eases the task of weeding. an exceedingly long one. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. A number of wooden window frames. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes. for an old barn foundation of stone. a mint. developed particularly for study. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. Instead. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. feverfew. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. Its plant list. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance.
< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .
Acinos alpinus.Myrrhis odorata.Ruta graveolens. crimson creeping thyme 96.Stachys grandifora 93. mosquito plant 19.O.Sium sisarum. 64.Geranium robertianum. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. abrotanum 'Tangerine'. angelica lemon geranium 5. basilicum 56. skirret 90. sweet 53.Asarum canadense. southernwood ground cherry 10. tomentosum.O. rosemary 82. 54.Valeriana officinalis. pallasianus.Hypericum perforatum. celandine madder 79.49. wild lemon basil ginger 16. 42. graveolens. officinalis 'Aurea'. pot marigold 25. odoratissimum. sweet celandine marjoram 28. 43. St.Salvia officinalis.T.T.Rubia tinctorum.T.Chelidonium majus.Marrubium vulgare. betony 92.Ranunculus ficaria.T.S. rose sativa.O. 60.Calamintha grandiflora. 66. beach 47. herba-barona. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Echium vulgare. purple variegated garden sage 85.A. apple wormwood geranium 8. calamint valerian 24. 'Clear Gold'.Veronica serpyllifolia. foxglove cypress spurge 21. creeping veronica .Poterium sanguisorba. × citriodorus. 44. praecox subsp. 55.Melissa officinalis. absinthium.A.O.Agastache cana.Tanacetum vulgare var. arcticus 'Albus'. rue 83.Viola odorata.Calendula officinalis. Roman 46. pink 58.Monarda didyma. golden thyme 98. foxglove 2. majorana.Physalis heterophylla. marsh mallow 13. sweet 41.Lychnis coronaria.M. thyme 102.Rosmarinus officinalis. 1.T. pontica.Alchemilla vulgaris. 62.Chrysanthemum balsamita.A. Grecian 59. garden sage 84.Viola tricolor. dyer's woodruff broom 3. alpine savory 89.Satureja montana. lesser 67. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. crispum. white creeping thyme 97.A.Sempervivum tectorum. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. 'Purpurascens'. woolly thyme 101. nitidus.Thymus praecox subsp. officinalis 'Tricolor'. wormwood germander 9. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. bee balm57.A.Digitalis purpurea.P. catmint 63. caraway thyme 103.-John'swort 91.Nepeta mussinii. pot marjoram bugloss 27. golden variegated garden sage 86. silver thyme 105.S.Campanula rapunculus. French tarragon geranium 7.T. purple basil English lavender 18.Teucrium chamaedrys.Stachys officinalis. lemon verbena 106.T 'Argenteus'.Levisticum officinale.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis. 45. camphor. golden lemon thyme 99. onites. lemon thyme 100.O.Achillea millefolium.P.Agastache foeniculum. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Plantago major. golden marjoram 26.Euphorbia cyparissias.A.S. absinthe 51. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6.Genista tinctoria. richardii subsp.Althaea officinalis.Galium odoratum. 50. fern-leaf tansy 95. rampion 81.Digitalis lanata. abrotanum. didyma 'Rosea'.P.Campanula persicifolia. stellerana. variegated garden sage 87. yarrow herb Robert 4. rose costmary campion 23. balm horehound 14.Angelica archangelica.Ocimum basilicum. sweet violet 40. basil blue hyssop 15. plantain 80.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium crispum. 48. officinalis 'Purpurea'. 61.Aloysia triphylla. winter savory 88. camphorata. southernwood houseleek 12. lemon 52.Pulmonaria officinalis. basilicum 'Minimum'.T. praecox subsp.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. viper's 65. odorous thyme 104. bee balm lovage 20. sweet cicely 94.T.
spicata.Lysimachia vulgaris. 73.M. × piperita var.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 71. classic myrtle 'Nanus'.29. × gentilis. Proliferum Group.A. dyer's woad 110. veronica 108. pineapple mint 31. garlic 111. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > .A. orange mint 32.Allium sativum.Yucca filamentosa.Laurus nobilis. red mint comfrey 33. suaveolens 'Variegata'. spearmint 107. chervil 68.Verbascum thapsus. blattaria.Oenothera biennis.Dianthus plumarius 75.Atriplex hortensis. evening 77.Myrtus communis. yucca 109.Cichorium intybus.Origanum dictamnus.Chrysanthemum 78. curry plant mullein 35. feverfew cinerariifolium.Mentha suaveolens.Lilium candidum.Symphytum officinale.Primula veris. tree onion 112.Veronica officinalis.Isatis tinctoria. oxeye daisy mullein 36.Helichrysum angustifolium.Anthriscus cerefolium. cowslip 72.Sorbaria sorbifolia. 76. wild 116. pin cherry 39.V. apple mint 69. citrata.M. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. chamomile 30.Prunus pensylvanica. chicory 70.Chrysanthemum 74.M.cepa.M. 114. ostrowskianum 34. moth 113. orach115.Chamaemelum nobile.Origanum vulgare. bay dittany-of-Crete 38. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37. Madonna lily leucanthemum.
there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. of good proportion for the size of the opening. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. < previous page page_104 next page > . The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. not just hiding it. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. its outline constructed of brick. Francis. A wheelshaped bed. but not obvious. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. A statue of St.
< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .
AREA X Solanum jasminoides. Eleocharis dulcis. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. Eriobotrya japonica. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. cat Watsonia rosea. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. Cestrum nocturnum. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . only those not found on other lists are noted here. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. menthifolia. jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. poet's Solidago californica. white Justicia carnea. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. Sidney Ephedra viridis. Vetiveria zizanioides. labdanum Cistus crispus. ephedra Ferula assafoetida. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. AREA VI japonica. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. lion's-ear prismaticum. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. AREA IV Ixia maculata. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. loquat Cichorium intybus. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. potato Brassica eruca. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis.
A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. or potpourri. scented-leaf geraniums. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. < previous page page_106 next page > . which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. is a center of interest. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. not only for hardiness where needed. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. another a Mary garden. to name a few.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. emphasizes the circle. One is a garden of legends. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. and a third a culinary garden. The exterior brick path. but also for proper leaf size. an "old rose" and fragrant. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall.
< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .
Brassica nigra.Calendula officinalis. lady's. English thyme 13. Linum usitatissimum.Narcissus mustard 14. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > . English ivy rosemary 8. pot 26.Mentha spicata.Ocimum basilicum. spearmint 22.Alchemilla vulgaris.19.20. blue 18. chamomile 3.Allium schoenoprasum. chive bedstraw 16. absinthe 4.Hedera helix. flax 17. 27.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Angelica archangelica. angelica 2. Viola tricolor.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. Hyssopus officinalis. costmary 6. Chrysanthemum balsamita. hyssop rose 9. black 23.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Origanum majorana.Lamium album. white dead 24. Anethum graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis.Crocus sativus. rue 28. dill 11. Johnny-jump.Ornithogalum umbellatum. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.The number in each planting area is the key number. sweet marjoram basil 12.Ruta graveolens. garden up sage 10. saffron crocus marigold 7. pyrethrum 5. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Salvia officinalis. yellow 25. Chamaemelum nobile.Galium verum. sweet 21. Artemisia absinthium. 1.
It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. < previous page page_108 next page > . Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required.
blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. peppermint Laurus nobilis. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. thyme Cnicus benedictus. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. sweet Myrtus communis. blue Lamium maculatum. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. lemon balm Mentha spicata. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. spearmint Mentha × piperita. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. Russian 'Prostratus'. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. beach Monarda didyma. Myrrhis odorata. fastigiata. Cotinus coggygria. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. clove Marrubium vulgare. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rue Malva alcea var. Artemisia absinthium. perennial flax Galium odoratum.
Appropriately used as accents. old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. too. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. simply on a smaller scale. This is a general rule observed. and huge. millstones. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. features a closed knot of superior design. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. The generous use of edgings. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. < previous page page_110 next page > . the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. Viewed from the terrace garden. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner.
A. A. of greater size than is commonly found. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary. germander 2. gray santolina 7.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. and the mulch. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Hyssopus officinalis.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Routine clipping is required.L. has its size dictated by a rule of design. blue hyssop 3. green santolina 6. six feet in diameter. The number in each planting area is the key number.S. Landscape Architect. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. lavender 5. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it. cheddar pink 4. that of good proportion.Teucrium chamaedrys. 'Tiny Rubies'. Design plan of herb garden 1. dwarf box .Santolina virens.Santolina chamaecyparissus.
columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. dogwood Pinus nigra. shadbush Salix caprea. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. japonica. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. goat willow Sassafras albidum. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. beach plum Corylus avellana. honey locust Cornus florida. black haw Prunus americana. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. box Myrica pensylvanica. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. plum Prunus maritima. quince Magnolia virginiana. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > .Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. box Calycanthus fioridus. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var.
The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. However. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. leucotrichus T. arcticus T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. 'Argenteus'. and a miscellany of others. As a rule. Salvia. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. Currently. Rosmarinus. praecox subsp. silver thyme T. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. Lavandula. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. arcticus 'Rosea' T. its plant material varied. 'Annie Hall' T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. doerfleri T.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. caraway thyme T. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. praecox subsp. This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. 'Doone Valley' . herba-barona.
praecox subsp. guaranitica. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. blue sage S. heterophylla. woolly thyme T. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. angustifolia. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. crimson creeping thyme T. angustifolia subsp. angustifolia subsp. autumn sage S. angustifolia subsp. 'Clear Gold'. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. pine-scented rosemary R. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. anise sage S. greggii. dentata. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans. golden variegated sage S. golden rosemary R. purple variegated garden sage S. English lavender L. angustifolia subsp. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Prostratus'. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. Mexican bush sage S. angustissimus. ramie . angustifolia 'Rosea' L. officinalis 'Purpurea'. angustifolia 'Munstead' L. golden thyme T. leucantha. involucrata. praecox subsp. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. officinalis 'Aurea'. sweet lavender L. arcticus 'Coccineus'. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R.
balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > .Cedronella canariensis. sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum.
< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .
Primarily. constructed of brick made on the property. which were located between the water supply. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. The apple trees. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. L. Cheloneglabra. for scrubbing pots. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. Hesperis matronalis.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. used in salads or boiled. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. Physostegia virginiana. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Smith. to lure bees. obedient plant. family needsmedicinal. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. The house. a well beside the house. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. Prunella vulgaris. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing. Circumstances determined these priorities. rupturewort. Herniaria glabra. culinary. Equisetum arvense. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . balmony. to sweeten the air. horsetail. Sium sisarum.
This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. for a few are in use now. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. while functional. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. too. Today. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. < previous page page_116 next page > . in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. too. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design.
< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .
Lonicera flava. rosemary 2. yellow 12.Pinus taeda.Prunus angustifolia.Sambucus canadensis.Rosa banksiae.Allium sativum.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. southern laciniata.Rosmarinus officinalis. trumpet 11. 1.Laurus nobilis. garlic 9.Lonicera sempervirens. Cape jasmine 10.Syringa × persica var. 16. Banksia rose 14. pomegranate 3.Ficus carica.Malus angustifolia. 15. fig 6. bay 7.Punica granatum.Lagerstroemia indica. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > . crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Wisteria frutescens. Gardenia jasminoides. wisteria 13.
< previous page page_118 next page > . It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. The effect would be quite different without them. Italy. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. Appropriately. too. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond.
< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .
Cassia marilandica.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Rosmarinus officinalis. 66.Colchicum autumnale. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Lindera benzoin.Digitalis purpurea.Populus balsamifera. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. 33.Lobelia siphilitica.Salvia officinalis.Hypericum perforatum. lemon 26. dogwood horehound 18.Asarum virginicum. 50.Lonicera sempervirens.Lavandula angustifolia. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Pinckneya pubens.Paeonia officinalis. horsemint lobelia 23.Teucrium chamaedrys.Verbascum thapsus.Mentha spicata.Buxus sempervirens. 1. tansy 65.Symphytum officinale. 37.Melissa officinalis. 38. fennel 40.Ruta graveolens. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. foxglove 41. great 47. blue 46.Mentha × piperita. senna woodruff 15.Foeniculum vulgare. 60.Borago officinalis.Anethum graveolens. 45. 68. catnip 34.Ocimum basilicum.Crocus sativus. rue 56. 54.Sassafras albidum.Rosa laevigata. bee balm 28.Asclepias tuberosa. 30.Punica granatum. wild ginger69. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Marrubium vulgare. sweet 27. garden sage 59.Dianthus caryophyllus. butterfly 32.Allium schoenoprasum.57. sweet shrub 10. black 29.Lilium candidum. yarrow lungwort 22.Xanthoriza simplicissima. blue 44.Hyssopus officinalis.Calycanthus fioridus.Monarda didyma. agrimony 58. yaupon pink southernwood 12. St. 43. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Monarda punctata.Achillea millefolium. peppermint 52. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Galium odoratum.Tanacetum vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum.Rubus allegheniensis.Armoracia rusticana. 70.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . basil chive 3. American holly 16. sweet 64.Agrimonia eupatoria. yellow-root 7.Chamaemelum nobile. sativa. borage 31. myrtle 53. 61.Levisticum officinale.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Dipsacus sativus.Hamamelis virginiana.Calendula officinalis.Nepeta cataria.Laurus nobilis. dill 39. sweet flag marigold 24. peony 51. lovage 35.Elizabeth Lawrence. spearmint 62.Cimicifuga racemosa.Chimaphila umbellata.Ilex opaca. fuller's teasel 67. clove 36. 63. 55. saffron crocus 25.Ilex vomitoria.Cornus florida. hyssop sassafras 20. box chamomile 9.Acorus calamus. pot 48.Pulmonaria officinalis. mullein 49. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Mentha pulegium. white periwinkle spicebush 13.Artemisia dracunculus var.Gaultheria procumbens. balm autumn crocus 2.Vinca minor. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Eupatorium perfoliatum. 42.
Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. and fragrances they developed. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. 1 T. In any event. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. of herbs for one loaf of bread. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. < previous page page_120 next page > . preventives. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. This is true for the remedies. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening.
sweet basil 13. winter savory 4.Satureja montana. horehound 15.Monarda punctata. pot marigold 2. 14. caraway 19. horsemint 20. 1. peppermint 18.Rosmarinus officinalis.Origanum majorana. black haw 23.Tanacetum vulgare. foxglove 12. English thyme rosemary 7. sweet marjoram 6.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Levisticum officinale.Papaver somniferum.Mentha spicata. quince 24.Cydonia oblonga. catnip 16.Hyssopus officinalis. tansy 11. apothecary's rose 22.Lavandula angustifolia.Ocimum basilicum. opium poppy 5. blue hyssop 21. Calendula officinalis.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 8.Carum carvi. pear < previous page page_121 next page > .Mentha × piperita. lavender lovage 3.Viburnum prunifolium.Nepeta cataria.Digitalis purpurea.Marrubium vulgare.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Pyrus communis.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Artemisia absinthium. absinthe 9. English 10. spearmint 17.
and if the best has not always survived. Thus it was for this garden. and bricks raise the beds. The beds are used to achieve balance. for example the large square bed with circular path. for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. from early Moravian settlements. Some could be used singly. one dated 1759. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. to study it. the other 1761. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape. Shaded by hop vines. Allowed such freedom of expression. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. often it is reconstructed. centrally located. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The main paths of brick unify the garden. makes it something of a focal point. < previous page page_122 next page > . The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths.
S.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Campbell. .L. Landscape Architect. A.A.
Atriplex hortensis. spearmint 57. 52.Vitis. yarrow 4. tansy 6. 74.Rosa roxburghii.Chrysanthemum parthenium. 81.Anethum graveolens.Lagerstroemia indica.Humulus lupulus.Tropaeolum majus.Rheum rhabarbarum. garden sage 15.Cornusflorida. garlic lungwort 36.Tanacetum vulgare. daisy crape myrtle 23. virgin's bower 40. hyssop maypop 42. catnip 70. Carolina jessamine 38. holy thistle 58.Rosa damascena.Bellis perennis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Pulmonaria officinalis. damask coriander rose 19. grape larkspur 41.Alcea rosea. horehound 56.Salvia officinalis. marsh mallow 7. rhubarb 10. black cumin 46. blue 69.Aquilegia vulgaris.Levisticum officinale. basil moss rose 44.Celosia cristata.Passiflora incarnata. chestnut rose 43. lemon 64.Capsicum annuum Longum 75.Rosa eglanteria.Rosa moschata. orach 76. asparagus 31.Carum carvi. 62. autumn crocus 34. English 78.Papaver rhoeas.Cnicus benedictus. elecampane 11. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > . absinthe 45.Cercis canadensis.Ocimum basilicum.Saponaria officinalis.Melissa officinalis.Symphytum officinale.Petroselinum crispum.Chamaemelum nobile. 68.Mentha × piperita. columbine 29. mugwort67. polyanthus narcissus 60.The number in each planting area is the key number. caraway 72. hollyhock 51.Ficus. comfrey 33. blessed thistle 8.Scabiosa atropurpurea. betony 82.Nigella sativa.Narcissus tazetta.Matthiola incana. lavender rose 21.Stachys officinalis. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26.Foeniculum vulgare.Rosa gallica. rosemary49.Nepeta cataria. corn poppy 79. hop southernwood 39.Allium schoenoprasum. balm chive 37.Rumex acetosa. sweet 55. dwarf nasturtium 13.Lilium candidum.Rosa centifolia.Mentha spicata.Armoracia rusticana. madder 16. cockscomb 47.Clematis virginiana. 1.Tropaeolum minus.Consolida ambigua. 66. feverfew southern magnolia 27. cabbage angustifolia. Madonna lily 59.Allium sativum.Amaranthus caudatus. garden nasturtium 12. love. clove 53. dill 73. 54.Borago officinalis. 80.Silybum marianum. clary 30. borage 5.Asparagus officinalis. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. saffron peppermint crocus 35. red pepper 20.Hyssopus officinalis. fennel marjoram 28. eglantine Group.Magnolia grandiflora.Hydrangea quercifolia.Rubia tinctorum. chamomile 17.Marrubium vulgare. sweet 71.Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage 9. redbud 24.Gelsemium sempervirens.Origanum majorana. poet's narcissus 61. rue 14. French rose 18.77. annual clary 3.Althaea officinalis.Salvia sclarea.Dianthus caryophyllus. stock 50.Achillea millefolium.Inula helenium.Ruta graveolens. 48.Colchicum autumnale.Salvia viridis. sorrel 65.Coriandrum sativum.Artemisia abrotanum.Crocus sativus.Artemisia absinthium. parsley 32. blue 63.Narcissus poeticus. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Artemisia vulgaris.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. English thyme 2.
< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .
Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. far from the house. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. The lesser the scale. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. The next most desirable exposure. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. Calluna (heather). First. mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. it is proper to make a trial run. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . Thus. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. and the north point is established. Although some observations may seem obvious. Usually this is least desirable. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). the western. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. A ravine and existing. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. This space was never adequate. even boggy.
but it need not be identical. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. another is close to the rear of the house. 127 indicates. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs.ground where drainage is better. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. < previous page page_126 next page > . Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. It was a pleasurable assignment. There is the housegarage structure on one side. The. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. as the drawing on p. and the search did not take long. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. and the property line on the last. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. 77 provided the needed inspiration. Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. Then. The new herb garden has been located. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. single bed. all four sides are so determined. a driveway on still another. certainly not precisely the same. Culinary herbs will fill a large. The general outline is similar. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The outline is fixed. Indeed. if a garden as large as desired is to be established.
use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. something is amiss. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. With the plan established. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. If all is well. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. then north. If. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. forming the outer boundary of the service path. as in this case. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. In fact. this low wall will enclose the garden area. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing. There was no . In addition. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. Two drawings were required to work out problems.
First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .
To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. however. admittedly. However. the site required some leveling. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. A structural edging was in order. In the earlier stage of planning. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. a lapped joint was fashioned. the eight-foot length was more practical. Before edgings could be put in place. this was. However. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle. . and the finished edging would be effective. A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. not one completed in a weekend. In this area. At corners. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. eight. In this case. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide.
Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .
These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. The latter need to be more substantially paved. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. leaves. Heavy black plastic. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden. filling the beds with soil was next. selected for its simplicity. Paving for the terraced area is brick. Unfortunately. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. sand. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. Aged compost. had been proof of that. but there are exits to different levels. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. Weeds. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. could serve this purpose. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. The pattern is running bond. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. This method of treatment now guarantees . One is the ramp to the driveway. for they will likely have more traffic. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. this same base underlies all the paths. A choice of five colors was available. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed.
for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > . on a trial run of one course of brick.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. worth the added cost. However. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. even bed for the pavers.
for it would interfere with the drainage system. French drains.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. and the steps to other levels. since that path borders the house. The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. the terraced area. Sometimes called "rubble drains. Herbs have flourished in the beds. In this instance. converging where it was logical to do so. With the completion of the paths. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. . learned about decades earlier. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now." their construction can be somewhat varied. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope.
< previous page page_130 next page > .
< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. for example. sixteenths of an inch. having a variety of gradations. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. in inches. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. casts the shadow for the hour. twelfths of an inch. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. and so on. for example. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. often a wall or trellis. albula. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. in tenths of an inch. E EllipseAn oval. and so on. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. is symmetrical. Its arrow points north and. not necessarily referable to botanical species. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. a garden plan. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. hundredths of an inch. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations.
French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. roofed structure usually open on the sides. or colored earths. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. also called rubble drain. its compartments filled with flowers. M ManufactoryA factory. a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3. GrindstoneMillstone. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. turf. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. G GazeboA freestanding. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens.3. loose. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed. rounded fragments of rock. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. a flat. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. Usually a few inches thick. Preferred by those who strive for neatness. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. a patterned garden. heated especially by fermenting manure. ForthrightA straight course or path.brick) in the same course. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence.3). H Heart-pinePinus palustris. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Pea gravelSmall. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants.
Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained. a < previous page page_131 next page > .rafters.
not treelike or with a single trunk. Stone. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. walls. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. TreillageLatticework for vines.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. snug fit for walks. ranking between species and variety. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. called also a hose cock. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural. cutting. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. or steps. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. often planted with aromatic herbs. V VarietyA category below species. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. R Rose. < previous page page_132 next page > . Turf seatBanked-up earth. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. W Wall. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution.
1935. New York: Macmillan. Kent: The Herb Farm. P. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Seal. 1951. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Peter. Staff of. Daniel J.. Garden City: Doubleday. . Sydney: B. London: Macmillan. Book of the Geranium. Toronto. Behme. 1933. 1972. How Plants Get Their Names. Terrace. Fox. Frances A. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. London: Country Life. Gertrude B. The Cultivated Basils. Park Seed Co. Foster. 1982. John. Bardswell. Jot. Harriet Ballard. Clarkson. 1963. 1902. New York: Hawthorne Books. London: Saturn Press. New York: E. Earle. Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. 1957. H. Agnes.: Buckeye Printing Co. . and Accessories. Brookes. Mo. 1972. T. The Small Garden. Bailey. John Philip. P. 1966. New York: G. Henry. Prof. The Herb Garden. 1980. L.: Geo. Foster. Garden Design. Herbsfor Every Garden. Green Enchantment. 1938. 1958. Rosetta E. London: Adam and Charles Black. 1911. L. and Garden. 14701670. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Cross. Sevenoaks. New York: Macmillan. 1961. 1979. and Louden. Charlotte. Baumgardt. Brownlow. H. Berrall. New York: Crown Publishers. New York: Viking Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Erichsen-Brown. 1971. The Garden (An Illustrated History). London. 1942. Julia S.. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. Room Outside. Gertrude B. Herbals. Herbs and the Earth. 1966. 1976. Bailey Hortorium..< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years. New York: Viking Press. New York: Macmillan. British Plants. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. 1980. Helen H. London: Marshall Cavendish. Doran & Co. Foley. Complements. 1951. Putnam's Sons. Hortus Third. 1944. Robert Lee. Batsford. Helen Morgenthau. Dutton & Co. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. Edlin. Aurora. New York: Simon and Schuster. Beston. Coats. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. Margaret E. 1970. Roses. Rosemary F. Carpenter. Independence. 1962. Greenwood. Crowe. 1971. Park's Success with Herbs. S. New York. Flannery. 1977. John E. ed.C. Darrah. Alice Morse. Hanging Plants for Home. W. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms.. New York: Macmillan. 1973. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. Liberty Hyde. Sylvia. New York: Dover. ..
How to Select. Ann. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants.. Miller. 1981. 1975. New York: Dover. Rosengarten. Patrick M. Rev. Grow and Enjoy. Herbs. Edited by Clarence Elliott. and Alma L. Mass. Lerner. Eleanour Sinclair. P. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. Roy. 1972. and Brunello. 1978. Modern Herbal. Sylva. Dorothy Bovee.. Muenscher. Mary U. Alma. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Shaker Herbs. 1961. 1981. The Berry Book. Harold N. Landscaping with Vines. Lathrop.. Division Billboard Publications. Lawrence. Elizabeth. Loyal R. Horace. George H. 1959. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. 1979. 1974. New York: Macmillan. New York: Viking Press. Frances. New York: Doubleday. Franco. Brown & Co. Johns. McFarland. (1st American edition trans. Norma Jean. . How to Landscape Your Grounds. Hamel. Pa. New York: Dover.: Chronica Botanica Co. 1970. J. 1971.C. Vegetable Dyeing. Italy. 1970. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. M.. 1971. Jones. Wynnewood. Hendrickson. 1951. Amy Bess. Boston. New York: Macmillan. The Book of Spices. ed. Frederic. 1911. Flowers of the Field. Lawrence. Books. 1964. New York: De La Mare. Hay. Krauss. 1973. 1983. Dutton & Co. 1974. 1938. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Lesch.. Co. C. Carol.. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. and Rice. 2d ed. 1966. Howard. 1975. 1976.: Herald Publishing Co. and Chiltoskey. Loewenfeld. N. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. < previous page page_133 next page > . New York: Clarkson N. Kiaer. Helen K. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Claire. Early American Gardens. New York: E. Myron. 1976. Sarah. Ireys. A. 1982. Walter. New York: Harper & Bros. Grieve. Toronto: Little. A Garden of Herbs. Alice Recknagel. The Herb Garden. P. Mrs. New York: Crown Publishers. Vicenza. Bernard Hickey. Geraniums for Home and Garden. 1946. New York: William Morrow & Co.Garland. Tucson: H.. and Back. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. New York: Macmillan. Cherokee Plants. Paul B. Jr.: Livingston Pub. A Biblical Garden.. The Art of Dyeing. Pozza. 1969. Leighton. Claire. New York: William Morrow and Co. chemist. Johnson. Neri. London: George Routledge & Sons. Moldenke.. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. M. Waltham. Roses of the World in Color. Philippa. Adelma G.. Gardens in Winter. 1969. New York: Van Nostrand.) Rohde. Boston. Robert. Eigel. Simmons. 1952. and Synge. Plants of the Bible. London: Faber and Faber. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Loewenfeld. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Potter.
S. Mrs. 1972. Mrs. Charles Patch. Sandy Hicks. Herbs in the Garden. Revised by Dr.R. The History of Gardens.D. and Robert B. L. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B.. ed. Thomas. Katherine S. Wilder. Jack Emil Geist. Taylor. Norman. L.. New York: Simon & Schuster. Botanical Latin. Campbell. 1979. Rev. Vt. Herbert G. New York: Simon & Schuster. Stuart. Maxton Davies. Morss. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. A. William T. Donald Paxton. Mrs. Esther. Meyer. James C.A.. Vivian. 1931. Henry Gund. Robert K. Martha Dahlen. . Frank M. Mrs. The Fragrant Garden. 1972. New York: William Morrow & Co. Mrs. Associate. Graham Stuart.. Leonard Dreyfuss. 1976.A.A. Griffin. Christopher. 1979. Margaret Osborn Holt. Cozart. Sherry D. Boston: Ralph T. F. Bleecker. L. Mrs. Amy Bess Miller.A. John Ormsbee. 1967...L. Mrs. Mr. New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Toronto: Van Nostrand.. L. James D.. William Y Dear. T. New York: Farrar. Mrs. Straus. A. Mrs. and Bell.A. Lamm. H. John. 1962..L. Gannaway. Martin. A. William W. Weber. London: Phoenix House.A. Elizabeth Lawrence.S. 1976. Virginia B. ed. Charlotte. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1972.. Raymond V. W T.A. L. Winthrop G.A. 1953.A. The Fragrant Year.A. Alfred L. L. New York: St. 1979. Ingersoll. Diane C. 1957. Mrs. Onward and Upward in the Garden. Leonie. Berkeley Brandt. New York: McGraw-Hill. Michael. Bush. London: Phoenix House.The Old Shrub Roses. 1966. Mrs.A. . Susan W... and Mrs. Mrs. Fragrance in the Garden. Taloumis. Giroux. Moffit.. L. Plimpton. Mrs. New ed. Rhoda Specht. 1942. Z.. McGarry. Vera Breed. Peter M.L. Martin's Press... Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. C. Bradner. William Radler. New York. Wilson.A. White.A. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. L. Bates. Stearn. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown.. Austin R. Price. Mrs. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Martin's. Marion E. Singleton. . Building Stone Walls. Elisabeth W. Stearn. L. L.S. Helen Van Pelt. Landscape Architecture...A. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Philip Batchelder. The Shakespeare Garden. Jr. Malcolm. Melissa R. Jr.. 1965. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. Graham. New York: St. Indianapolis. Paxton. William C. Madalene Hill. L.A.. A. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. William T. Plants of the Bible. Helen Noyes. Boerner. Webster. New York. Bynam. L.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds.A. 1982. 1961. Keebler. Mrs. W.: Garden Way. New York: Doubleday. Climbing Roses Old and New. Mrs. Louise Beebe. Hale & Co. . Mrs. Pees. Baker. John Poinier. Container Gardening Outdoors. 1953. Robert G. Mrs. Mrs. Nelva M. Tarantino.. A.A.A. Marshall. Hines. Mrs. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Thacker. 1974. George T. Neil Hamill Park. Yang. L. Zohary. Mrs. Linda. Shrub Roses of Today. Charles L. Mrs. Benjamin McF.. 1975. L. Mrs. Jr. New York: Hafner. Mrs. Smith. Hammond Crawford. New York: Dover. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Barbara Capen. George. Jo Lohmolder.
Greenland. Joan E. Linda Yang. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Ohio.. Atlanta.. Derthick.. L. L. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Mansfield. L. Shaker Community. Kingwood Center. Joe H. N. Michigan State University.C. G. < previous page page_134 next page > . Hancock.. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Harper. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Helen M.. Whitman. Lawrence Schetky. Milton Stricker. Mrs. Boerner Botanical Gardens. Lansing. Pawtucket. Mrs.C.. Faith H. Roberts. Architect. Eloise andJo Ray. Jean Ruh. Plain Dealer Photo. Frederick E. Mrs. Ohio. Swanson. Mass.. Ark. Mr. Old Slater Mill Museum. James F... Mich. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Walter Rebmann. Matthew Miksch House. Linda Yang. Atlanta Historical Society. James S. N. Skinner. Rose. L.Rady. Semple. Milton C. Western Reserve Herb Society. N. Hales Corners. Mich. Mrs.. The following provided historical. Mrs. Christopher Spencer.. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Timothy Procter Ruh. and Mrs.A. Wisc.I.. Weeks Brick House. Little Rock. The Country Doctor Museum. Mrs. civic. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind. Edmund G. Hancock Shaker Village. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Christopher Rady. R..A. Mrs. Ann Arbor. Old Salem. Isadore L. Elbert Smith. Smith (Ann Leighton). Booker Worthen. Mrs.. Talbot III. University of Michigan. Wilcox. Nathan Sameth.A. Winston-Salem. L. Gayle. Matthaei Botanical Gardens.. Ga. Inc. Mrs.A. Bailey. John A.H. Eric Duke Scott. Cleveland. Inc.
azoricum. officinalis. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Narcissus triandrus. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. maritima L. A. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. E.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . barbadensis A. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. C. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. A. A. Myrrhis odorata. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea.
M. G. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. V. Solanum aculeatissimum S. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. P. Lamium album Viburnum. P. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. ludoviciana var. Monarda didyma Crataegus. acerifolium. grandiflorus Melissa M. albula A. laevis Rhododendron . foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. V. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. F. S. podagraria Asparagus A. lycopersicum. melongena var. officinalis.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. false Galium aristatum. officinalis Populus. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon.
field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana
Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa
Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum
Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian
Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan
Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta
Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis
Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana
mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum
pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba
Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba
Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus
Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti
Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground
Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens
ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur
Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum
Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii
< previous page page_136 next page > .
oleracea. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. deltoides Campsis radicans. coronaria . chrysantha Symphytum S. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. M.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. P. Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. Mertensia virginica. alpina 'Alba' A. angustifolia. B. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. vulgaris A. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis.
alpinum R. alpinum R. V. V. B. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . B. macrocarpon. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. maculatum G. coronaria. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. M.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. verna. Italian D Daffodil M. angustifolia. sativum R. N. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. C. M. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. pseudonarcissus miniature N. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. ioensis Vaccinium.
Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. obtusifolius Rumex R. Ferocactus latispinus. triphyllum . lilioasphodelus. acetosa. C. Hosta H. H. crispus. obtusifolius R. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. x superbum Hemerocallis. rivieri. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. frutescens C. Sansevieria. A. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. A. lilioasphodelus H. Chrysanthemum frutescens. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. R. R. T officinale Bellis. D. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia.
Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. Helichrysum. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Lychnis coronaria. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Antennaria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. N. C. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. Gnaphalium. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. N. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum. Senecio cineraria. canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Centaurea cineraria. pungens Sambucus S. C. ragusina. azoricum Nigella. S. N. damascena. gymnocarpa. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. arvensis.
cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .
regalis Adiantum. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum. Osmunda. P. I. usitatissimum L. A. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F. versicolor. perenne . I.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. O. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. carica F. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia.× germanica I. carica Corylus C. L.
× hortorum P. tuberosum A. Fumaria C. sphaerocephalum A. scorodoprasum A. sativum var. × limoneum P. sylvatica Digitalis D. P. purpurea D. odoratissimum P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . grossularioides P radens P. ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. lanata D. lutea Allium sativum A. neapolitanum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. × germanica Myosotis M. Pelargonium. I. quercifolium P. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P.
denticulatum P. canadense T. tomentosum P. abrotanifolium P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium. scabrum P graveolens P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. quercifolium P. A. T.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × nervosum P. officinale Z. chamaedrys T. A. Tragopogon. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. canadense. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. × citrosum P. P. T. glutinosum. tomentosum P. graveolens P. pratensis . × jatrophifolium P. crispum P. capitatum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. Z.
Vitis monticola. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. C. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium. C. trifolia Cordyline terminalis.Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. M. nervosa V. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. torquata E. V. Oxalis deppei. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus .
Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > . golden Larix laricina.H Hackmatack Hardhack.
< previous page
next page >
Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus
Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant
H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria
Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava
Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant
Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum
fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'
false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit
Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia
Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium
confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides
Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings
Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti
Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group
Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis
Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily
Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium
triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia. Lythrum. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. triacanthos G. G. Ophiopogon L. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. L. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Sempervivum Lobelia L. C. W. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Pulmonaria . Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. majalis Liriope.
officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. tenuifolia T. moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. Malva. A.blue M Mace. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. lucida . Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. grandiflora M. alcea var. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. Malva. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus moschatus. C. erecta T. M. erecta T. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. erecta T. patula Calendula officinalis T. pedatum Hibiscus. M.
< previous page page_140 next page > .
onites O. suaveolens M. aquatica var. citrata M. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. vulgare O. citrata M. O. Astrantia. majorana O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. vulgare O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. crispii M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. vulgare 'Aureum' O. odorata Achillea millefolium. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. R. Spiraea alba. citrata. dictamnus O. citrata M. requienii M. × piperita var. major. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. S. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. majorana O. A. × piperita var. piperita var.
arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. thapsus V. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. alba Verbascum. vulgaris A. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . A. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. communis. Myrrhis odorata. V. olympicum. M. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Myrtus. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. rubra M. × gentilis M. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox subsp. V. Azolla caroliniana. lactiflora Morus M.red Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. Umbellularia californica.
virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. V. minus T.N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. tazetta Tropaeolum T. L. nudum. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. P. majus T. album L. V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa . poeticus N.
Scilla verna. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. O. A. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. cepa A. fragrans Allium. fragrans O. fistulosum A. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. cepa. florentina. Castilleja californica. fistulosum Atriplex. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. I. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. telephium Iris × germanica var. Proliferum Group A. vulgare var.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. Indian Chionanthus virginicus. hortensis A. A. cepa. S. C.
caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. crispum P. patens. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. P. lactiflora P lactiflora P. neopolitanum Pastinaca.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. pulsatilla Passiflora P. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. crispum var. P. A. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. A. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V.
annuum. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. album Ranunculus ficaria . retroflexus. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. annuum. C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. annuum. Piper C. Longum Group Capsicum. paniculata P. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Longum Group C. Grossum Group C. C. A. frutescens C. Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. Chenopodium. C. C. annuum. annuum. C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. Conoides Group Capsicum. roseus C. C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. Longum Group cone green C. P frutescens Catharanthus.
Silene laciniata. alpinus D. umbellata var. umbellata var. Plantago P. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. C. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. nigra P strobus P taeda P. plumarius D. C. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica. Prunus japonica. × paradisiaca. plumarius. caryophyllus D. gratianopolitanus D. P salicina P angustifolia. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. americana . officinalis Dianthus D. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. M. taeda Chimaphila. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. taeda P.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. P. angustifolia var. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. watsonii P maritima P.
balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. S. carnea Phytolacca americana P. E. somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. vulgare Lithospermum. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. Liriodendron tulipifera P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . L. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. P. balsamifera P. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. biennis P. 0. rhoeas P.
rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. coccineum C. rhabarbarum R. P. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. A. C. pepo C. Diplotaxis. C.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C. pepo Portulaca. Hesperis . ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. R. sativum var. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. canadensis C. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis.
chinensis 'Minima' R. × harisonii R. canina. sativa Rosa R. spinosissima R. damascena 'Bifera' R. canina R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. Rubus coronarius R. gallica R. banksiae R. R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. Rosa chinensis R. centifolia 'Muscosa' R. moschata . × borboniana R. × borboniana R. centifolia R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. damascena R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. laevigata R. × borboniana Kerria. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R.
caerula. officinalis Limonium R. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. Rosmarinus. clevelandii S. microphylla S. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. R. × rehderana R. officinalis S. greggii S. setigera R. Salvia hierosolymitana . S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. guaranitica S. pitcheri S. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. rugosa R. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. angustissimus R. sclarea S. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C. azurea subsp.
Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense. S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. leucantha S. A. P. halimus Crithmum maritimum. marilandica Amelanchier . hebecarpa. leucophylla S. elegans S. neapolitana S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. montana Scabiosa S. S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. Salicornia. maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. guaranitica S. chamaecyparissus S. maritimum E. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides. C. virens. S. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. T. viridis S. chamaecyparissus S.
canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > .Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier. A.
Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. americana. C. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. P. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. coggygria C. C. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. V. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. G. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. P. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. nivalis Lamium album. coggygria Cotinus.< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. biflorum . coggygria. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax.
R. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. scutatus R.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. acetosa. O. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. H.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. O. crassipes O. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. patulum. japonica Sorbaria. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. officinalis thyme-leaved V. S. V. H. Ornithogalum arabicum. E. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . L. pyrenaicum. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M.
chiloensis F. vulgare var. T vulgare T. incana M. vesca F. typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. crispum T. vesca F. pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. dracunculus var. perennis. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. sativa Amaranthus caudatus. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. O. O. incana M. M. C. floridus Philadelphus . crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. vulgare var. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F.
doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. A. × citriodorus T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. E. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. 'Clear Gold' T. 'Argenteus' T. praecox T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. C. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. T. phaenopyrum C. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. benedictus. sylvestris D. marianum S. perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. pallasianus T. marianum S. arcticus T. laevigata Eupatorium. maritima Thymus. praecox subsp. Silybum marianum S. marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > .mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St.
pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. Physalis peruviana L. sanctum O. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. lycopersicum L. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. C. L. P. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. P. noli-tangere. I. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. cerasiforme. peruviana P. lycopersicum var. Coreopsis Linaria. sanctum Tulipa T.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. alata Lycopersicon. lycopersicum var. praecox subsp. pruinosa. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi.
virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. Chimaphila. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. C. longifolia Chamaelaucium. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. V. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. cornuta V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. odorata V. caprea . viorna Abutilon theophrasti. canina. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. odorata V. P. caeruleum Clematis. V riviniana Viola odorata V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. C. cornuta 'Alba' V.
caprea. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. verticillata Chimaphila. nudum Isatis I. W. camphorata A. V. ambrosioides Artemisia. I. gmelinii A. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. Gaultheria procumbens. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. Vanilla barbellata A. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. frutescens Viburnum cassinoides.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. pontica. frigida A. absinthium A. annua A. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Corydalis sempervirens A. S. Stachys .
× media 'Hicksii' T. I. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A. lutea. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. × media 'Hatfieldii' T. simplicissima Cladrastis. X. C. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. ageratum A. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . filipendulina A. millefolium A. vomitoria I. tomentosa Ilex cassine. taygetea A.
< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. monkshood helmut flower. maidenhair fern. parlor m. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. h. millefolium A. fourcroydes sweet flag. calamus maidenhair fern. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A. ageratum A. theophrasti Acacia A. fennel g. napellus Acorus A. alpinus Aconitum A. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. Indian mallow China jute. foeniculum Agave A. calamus Adiantum A. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. breviflora A. taygetea A. fragrant g. lion's tail anise hyssop. thousand-seal.. sanguinary. h. maidenhair American maidenhair. Indian mallow. cana A. monkshood flowering maple. blue giant hyssop. longifolia Achillea A. pedatum Agastache A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite. butter-print.. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. nose-bleed. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil.. five-finger f. yarrow sneezeweed.
moly A. schoenoprasum A. ciboule. Japanese bunching o. cocklebur. hemp plant agrimony.A. cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A.. serpent garlic chive. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. purple c. senescens var.. schnittlauch giant garlic . giganteum A. flowering o. eupatoria Agrostemma A. christophii A. vulgaris Allium A. sisalana Agrimonia A. two-bladed o. scorodoprasum A. githago Ajuga A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. Rosenbachianum A.. flavum A. karataviense A. cive. fistulosum A. sisal hemp.. Pulchellum A. tree o. sativum A. Spanish o. rosea Alchemilla A. lily leek daffodil garlic. ostrowskianum A. alpina A. sativum var. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A. reptans Alcea A. garlic rocambole. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. ophioscorodon A. neapolitanum A.
hupehensis var. triphylla Althaea A. bugloss windflower. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. sphaerocephalum A. officinalis Amaranthus A. Barbados a. blanda A. shad. canadensis Amsonia A. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. tinctoria Anthriscus A. tuberosum Aloe A. officinarum Anchusa A.. marschalliana A. japonica A..glaucum A. shadbush. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. officinalis Anemone A. caudatus Amelanchier A. wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. barbadensis Aloysia A. archangel. bugloss alkanet. Curasao a. pulsatilla Anethum A.. white m. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. garlic c. medicinal a. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. cerefolium chervil angelica. lily-of-the-field serviceberry. juneberry. Oriental garlic .
graveolens A. chrysantha A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.Apium A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . European crowfoot bearberry. graveolens var. alpina 'Alba' A. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A.
mealberry. Ludoviciana var. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger. stewardsonii Armeria A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. virginicum bearberry. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger . sea pink thrift. old man southernwood absinthe. creashak green-dragon. triphyllum A. gmelinii A. red cole sagebrush. hog cranberry. bear's grape. maritima Armoracia A. lactiflora A. camphorata A.< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. asarabacca wild ginger. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. pontica A. mountain box. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. mugwort. triphyllum subsp. sandberry. wormwood southernwood. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. pink or white horseradish. sativa A. rusticana Artemisia A. annua A. dracunculus var. canadense A. kinnikinick. albula A. frigida A. dracontium A. arborescens A. europaeum A.
c. perennis Berberis B. silkweed. vulgaris Bellis B. i. s. nivea Borago B. major Atriplex A. jaundice berry. talewort. daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. Chinese silk plant. plains f. mustard . wild blue i. c. officinalis Astrantia A. rocket. B. wild indigo blue false indigo. yellow r. cool-tankard cole. tinctoria Barbarea B. China grass borage borage. pleurisy root. saltbush orach. halimus A. tuberroot. orach sea orach. garden o. s. c. rattleweed winter cress. tuberosa Asparagus A. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. piprage beet swiss chard. ruby s. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. vulgaris.. hortensis B Baptista B.Asclepias A. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie. butterfly flower butterfly weed. wild indigo. papyrifera Boehmeria B. mountain spinach false indigo. ruby s. vulgaris Beta milkweed. upland cress winter cress.. australis B. c. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush.
eruca B.B. strawberry s. white-flowered k. officinalis Calycanthus C. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. koreana B.. grandiflora Calendula C.. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell . sempervirens B. microphylla var. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Nana' B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. carpatica C. pineapple s. divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale.
cow-itch. p. C. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. o.. p. pimento sweet pepper s. trumpet vine. p. s.. o. < previous page page_147 next page > . persicifolia C. o. s. p. o. bell p. p. o. p.C. o. chili p. red p. p. p. green p. green p. o. p. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. p. sweet pepper.. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. crown plant trumpet creeper. o. p.. s. rapunculus Campsis C. p. trumpet flower.
red p. carvi Carya C. Tabasco p. celandine celandine turtlehead. nobile Chelidonium C. shellbark h. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. marilandica Catharanthus C. illinoinensis C. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle.. snakehead . canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C.. canariensis Cedrus C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile. frutescens Carthamus C. chili p. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. deodara Celosia C. Madagascar periwinkle..< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C. tinctorius Carum C. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. bastard s. ovata Cassia C. Tabasco-sauce p. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. majus Chelone cayenne p. false saffron.. cristata Cercis C. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. Russian c... capsicum p. garden c. senna.
virgilia virgin's bower. intybus Cimicifuga C. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree.. fat hen ambrosia. bonus-henricus C. feather geranium. pigweed Mexican tea. alecost pyrethrum. × jouiniana 'Mrs. parthenium C. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. red-leaved chicory bugbane. frutescens C. botrys Chimaphila C. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. barbe-de-capuchin. racemosa Cistus C.C. umbellata Chionanthus C. Meyer 1. crispus C. American w. glabra Chenopodium C. dwarf 1. mint geranium. leather flower. ambrosioides C. Chinese dwarf 1. ladanifer Citrus C. × superbum Cichorium C.. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. virginiana balmony goosefoot. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. Robert Brydon' C. wormseed. cinerariifolium C. devil's-darning- . virginicus Chrysanthemum C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. leucanthemum C. pyrethum. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. rattletop black cohosh. virgin's bower.. Dalmatia p. old-man's-beard costmary.. wax flower. balsamita C. wintergreen. Spanish t. leather flower. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. coccineum C. lutea Clematis C.
laevigata C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. majalis Convolvulus C. lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. benedictus Coix C. thorn. apiculatus Crataegus C.. avellana Cotinus C. red haw hawthorn English h. Chinese parsley dogwood. smokebush. ambigua C. quick-set. cneorum Coptis C. orientalis Convallaria C. sativum Cornus C. coggygria Cotoneaster C. florida Corylus C. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. peregrina Consolida C. smoke plant.needle Cnicus C. thorn apple. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. smokebush smoke tree. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . autumnale Comptonia C. trifolia Coreopsis C. tinctoria Coriandrum C. Venetian sumac. arkansana C.
scoparius C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. phaenopyrum Crithmum C.. angustifolius C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. West Indian 1. kotschyanus C. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. sieberi C. sativus C.C. gracilis Dianthus D. tomasinianus Cupressus C. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. speciosus 'Albus' C. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . maritimum Crocus C. citratus Cytisus C. × allwoodii D. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D.. sempervirens Cydonia C. speciosus C.
× imbricata Echium clove pink. gas plant. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. sylvestris Doronicum D. Simkins' 'Nanus' D. sativus D. grandiflora D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. lanata D. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. carnation. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. burning bush. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. spectabilis Dictamnus D.
dulcis Endymion E. blueweed.E. sea holm. maritimum Eschscholzia E. sea eryngo California poppy C. jacinth. epimedium barrenwort. gum tree. vulgare Elaeagnus E. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. b. californica Eucalyptus E. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. S. rugosum v. Japanese medlar. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. plum eryngo sea holly. japonica Eryngium E. perfoliatum E. Australian gum. hyemale Eranthis E. pungens Eleocharis E. torquata Euonymus E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. arvense E. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. ironbark. viridis Epimedium E. thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . poppy eucalypt. J. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort.. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush.
a. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. imperialis Fumaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. vulgare F. a. vulgare subsp. cyparissias F Ferula F. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. a. ulmaria F.s.Euphorbia E. vulgaris Foeniculum F. major Fragaria F.s. sow-teat s. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. chiloensis F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.s. vulgare F. finocchio. vulgare var. assafoetida Ficus F. alpine s. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke .
Carolina jasmine G. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. gardenia. red Robin .. wild c. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. cleavers white bedstraw. nivalis Galium G. woodroof yellow bedstraw. mock p. honey locust. teaberry. tinctoria Geranium G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. verum Gardenia G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. our-lady's-b. runaway robin.. odoratum G. field balm. jasminoides Gaultheria G. alumroot herb Robert. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. woodwaxen. robertianum Glechoma G. spotted c. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. checkerberry. mountain tea.F.. Capejasmine wintergreen. virginiana Hedeoma H. germanica G. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. pulegioides American pennyroyal. hederacea Gleditsia G. ground ivy. mollugo G.. sweet w. vernalis H. triacanthos Gossypium G. dyer's greenweed.. false baby's-breath woodruff. hirsutum H Hamamelis H. Carolina yellow j. maculatum G.
< previous page page_149 next page > .
turnsole heliotrope. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. rose-of-China. sweet r. giant m. garland 1. arborescens Helleborus H. rose m. bimlipatum j. Hawaiian h. blacking plant plantain lily. matronalis Hibiscus H. curry plant false licorice. × luteola Herniaria H.. foetidus H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting. Chinese hibiscus. hibiscus kenaf. bimli j. lilioasphodelus H. lividus subsp. Deckaner h. glabra Hesperis H.. Deccan h. China rose. daylily .. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. lemon d. petiolatum Heliotropium H. cannabinus H. licorice plant heliotrope... atrorubens H.. mallow. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily. flavescens Helenium H. orientalis Hemerocallis H. bastard jute. niger H. corsicus H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily.. Indian hemp. angustifolium H.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H.
. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. navelwort gotu kola St. box-leaved h. I. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. rose h. white h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. European h. plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. asiatica Hypericum H.-John's-wort St. box-leaved h. perforatum Hyssopus H. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. Burford's holly Japanese holly. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. lupulus Hydrangea H. patulum 'Sungold' H. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. . candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly.-John's-wort St. sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. horned h.H. orangeroot. crenata var.
officinale Juniperus J. virginiana red cedar jasmine. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. tinctoria Ixia I. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam.. touch-me-not jewelweed. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. horizontalis creeping j. water f.. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. cristata I. glabra I. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . maculata J Jasminum J. snapweed. capensis Indigofera I.. jewelweed. tinctoria Inula I. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. yellow flag. wilsonii Impatiens I. helenium Ipomoea I. J. × germanica var.I. pseudacorus Isatis I. woad dyer's woad. vomitoria 'Nana' I. crested i. alba Iris I. spotted t. florentina I. opaca I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. 'Great Lakes' I. African corn lily corn lily orris. chinensis var. crested dwarf i.
indica Lamium L. n. dentata L. d. n. paradise p. maculatum L. album L. nobilis Lavandula L.Justicia water willow J. sweet bay laurel. angustifolia L. carnea Brazilian-plume. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. angustifolia subsp. plume plant. plume flower.. flamingo p.. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce .. dentata var. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L. white d. king'scrown L Lactuca L. dumb nettle. bay. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. brandegeana shrimp plant J..
heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .L.
< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L.. lovage privet. sativum Leucojum L. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. usitatissimum Liriope L. muscari Lobelia L. officinale Ligustrum L. benzoin Linum L. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. hedge plant privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. aestivum Levisticum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. leonurus Leontopodium L. candidum L. statice statice toadflax spicebush. blue cardinal flower . summer s. Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. marsh rosemary. perenne L. pepperwort.
lycopersicum var. satin flower honesty. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. gypsywort. flava L. catchfly mullein pink.L. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. europaeus Lysimachia L. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. grandiflora M. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. coronaria 'Alba' L. cordata Magnolia M. coral h. vulgaris Lythrum L.. moonwort. sempervirens Lunaria L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . coronaria L. stellata M. honesty. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. annua Lychnis L. virginiana sweet alyssum. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. lycopersicum var. silver-dollar. money plant. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. campion. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. penny f. maritima L.
Mahonia M.. holly mahonia. 'Guiding Star' M. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M. Scotch m. incana Melissa M. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. b.. holly g. sweet b. Brampton stock. requienii M. imperial stock balm lemon b. officinalis Mentha M. aquatica M. musk m. angustifolia M. lemon m.. Virginia c. vulgare Matthiola M. American crab. lungwort bluebells. bluebells. 'Eau de Cologne' M. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. menthella. gillyflower.. pennyroyal Corsican m. mountain g.. Virginia b. pineapple m. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound.. × piperita var. apple m. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape.. bee b. stock stock. pulegium M.. curly m. white h. cowslip. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. × gentilis M. longifolia M. bergamot m. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. Oregon g. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. alcea var. holly barberry. incanum M. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot.. fastigiata Marrubium M. horsemint . citrata M. blue barberry apple. hupehensis Malva M. × piperita M.
fistulosa M. candleberry. anise. winter purslane. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. textilis Myosotis M. pink b. citriodora M. swamp c.M. Swedish m. sylvatica Myrica M. b. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. Manila hemp forget-me-not. b.. b. myrrh. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. American m. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. Oswego tea. sweet cicely. white bee balm pink b. banana abaca. odorata Myrtus M. Greek myrtle. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. white b. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. red m. fistulosa var. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce. menthifolia M. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . punctata Montia M.
< previous page
next page >
N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint
Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'
evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram
O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid
Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover
P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'
gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.
crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.
Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley
phlox perennial phlox white phlox
< previous page
next page >
< previous page
next page >
Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides
ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark
dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.
fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower
patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder
tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake
nepalensis P. balsam p. vulgaris Prunus P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. angustifolia P.. widdy shrubby c. golden hardhack. persica Pteridium P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. hardy orange poplar. Americana P.Poncirus P. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. pensylvanica P. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. brake bracken. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. sand p. cowslip self-heal self-heal. all-heal salad burnet. granatum Pyrus P.. tacamahac cinquefoil. pasture b. trifoliata Populus P. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead.. heal-all. lungwort blue 1. Jerusalem sage. hog-pasture b. elatior P. maritima P. hackmatack. sieboldii 'Alba' P. brake. Jerusalem cowslip white p. five-finger shrubby c. veris Prunella P. domestica P. aspen.
. rose. dog r. autumn damask r. 'Cinderella' R. eglantine. centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R.. . small c. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. stellata R Ranunculus R. dog b. pilewort mignonette weld. China r. chinensis 'Minima' R. cabbage r. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. banksiae R. ficaria Reseda R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. typhina Ribes R. mountain c. red currant. garden r. garden c. moss r. moss r. gooseberry alpine c. eglanteria R. alpinum R. fairy r. Bourbon r. York-and-Lancaster r.. sativum Rosa R. crowfoot lesser celandine.. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R.. canina R. sweetbrier French r.. pie plant. brier r. pygmy r. × borboniana R. brier Banksia r.Quercus Q. purshiana Rheum R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. gallica damask r. luteola Rhamnus R.
spinosissima R. hirta Rumex R. rosemary pine-scented r. snowdwarf memorial r. r. tinctorum Rubus R. prairie r.. Cherokee r. laevigata R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. wichuraiana R. French sorrel rue . rosemary white r. acetosa R. climbing r. Turkestan r. Scotch r. burnet r. golden p. sorrel. bitter d. obtusifolius R. chinquapin r. × harisonii R. angustissimus R. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. roxburghii R. musk r. prostrate rosemary. 'Schneezwerg' R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. chestnut r. setigera R.. dock s. Japanese r. climbing r. moschata R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. Harison's yellow r. rugosa R...'Officinalis' R. × rehderana R. garden sorrel broad dock. madder bramble blackberry. polyantha r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R.
< previous page page_153 next page > .
involucrata S. garden s. purple variegated garden s. leucantha S. caprea Salvia S. American e. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. clevelandii S. purple g. golden g. viridis Sambucus S. ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. caerula S. osier goat willow. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. variegated garden s. greggii S. elegans S. gray sage.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. Mexican bush s. pussy willow sage. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. bloodroot rue . purple sage baby sage garden sage. argentea S. bloodroot red puccoon. microphylla S. s. clary annual clary elder. elderberry American e. leucophylla S. canadensis willow. guaranitica S. sclarea S. s. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S.
hen-and-chickens.Sanguisorba S. devil's tongue. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. atropurpurea Sedum S.. canadensis Sansevieria S.. skirret potato vine eggplant. marianum Sium S. sweet s. mourning-bride stonecrop. telephium Sempervivum S. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. St.. Mary's t. neapolitana S. good-luck plant. blessed t. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. trifasciata Santolina S. tectorum Silybum S. morganianum S. albidum Satureja S. sisarum Solanum S. hemp plant snake plant. mad apple . hortensis S. live-forever houseleek. pincushion flower pincushions. orpine donkey's tail orpine. pinnata S. officinalis Sassafras S. melongena var. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. live-forever houseleek. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious.. jasminoides S. milk t. virens Saponaria S. roof h. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. lucky plant.
Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. patula melongene. Aztec m. byzantina S. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. laciniata Persian lilac S. lutea Stokesia S.. laevis Symphytum S. big m. lilac . lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. officinale S. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g. americana Stachys S. woundwort lamb's-ears.. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. grandiflora S. erecta marigold African m. × persica var. sorbifolia Sorbus S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. vulgaris 'Addie V. reticulata var. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. hedge nettle. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. officinale Syringa S. californica Sorbaria S.
tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. sweet mace French m. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. dwarf m. carnosus T.T. officinale Taxus T. signet m. upright y. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. . cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T. marum Thuja T. vulgare var. columnar y. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m.. 'Broad-leaf English' T. yew conical y. 'Argenteus' T. vulgare T.. crispum Taraxacum T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. fruticans T. canadense T.. wood sage germander dwarf. filifolia T. occidentalis Thymus T. dense y. culinary golden lemon t. tansy tansy. germander American g. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. procumbent g. lucida T. lemon t.
< previous page page_154 next page > .
woolly thyme creeping t. confederatej. jasminoides Tragopogon T. creeping t. not culinary French t. red c. nummularius T. leucotrichus T. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls.. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. praecox T. serpyllum T. pallasianus T. t. wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. t. zygis Torenia T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. lanatum Trifolium T. nitidus T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. doerfleri T. glabrescens T. richardii subsp.. caraway t. praecox subsp. pratensis Trichostema T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. .< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. lemon t. herba-barona T. crimson c. romero clover red clover star jasmine. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. wishbone flower. odorus t. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T.
water-lily t. blattaria V. flannel plant. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. tarda T. thapsus Veronica V. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. angustifolium var. . officinalis Verbascum V. bitter Indian garden n. nettle stinging n. minus Tsuga T. mullein mullein. 'Sweet Harmony' T. farfara U Urginea U. canadensis Tulipa T. tawny orange t. early. pale yellow Darwin t. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. officinalis V. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. maritima Urtica U. tall n. kaufmanniana T. blueberry.Tropaeolum T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. red s. 'Blizzard' T. olympicum V. dioica V Vaccinium V. majus T. huckleberry. velvet p.. laevifolium Valeriana V. clusiana T. Indian cress dwarf n. garden heliotrope mullein moth m.. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. squill. 'General de Wet' T. cranberry. species t. speedwell.
acerifolium V. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. tricolor V. possum haw .. heartsease pansy. cassinoides V. lutea 'Splendens' V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry.. maple-leaved viburnum. heartsease. sweet h. × wittrockiana Vitis V. arrowwood. canina V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. lesser p. nannyberry. myrtle. withe-rod vetiver. prunifolium Vinca V. violet dog violet horned v. wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up.Vetiveria V. sheepberry. minor Viola V. khus-khus. ladies-delight. running m. carlesii V. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V.. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. zizanioides Viburnum V. odorata V.
needle palm < previous page page_155 .Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. officinale ginger true ginger. ginger. Canton g. Adam's-needle.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.