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Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iii

Herb Garden Design Faith H. Swanson and Virginia B. Rady

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title: author: publisher: isbn10 | asin: print isbn13: ebook isbn13: language: subject publication date: lcc: ddc: subject:

Herb Garden Design Swanson, Faith H.; Rady, Virginia B. University Press of New England 0874512972 9780874512977 9780585295589 English Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design. 1984 SB351.H5S92 1984eb 635/.7 Herb gardens--Designs and plans, Gardens--Design.


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Page iv

UNIVERSITY PRESS OF NEW ENGLAND Brandeis University Brown University Clark University Dartmouth College University of New Hampshire University of Rhode Island Tufts University University of Vermont Copyright 1984 by Trustees of Dartmouth College All rights reserved. Except for brief quotation in critical articles or reviews, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. For further information contact University Press of New England, Hanover, NH 03755. Printed in the United States of America Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Swanson, Faith H., 1914 Herb garden design. Bibliography: p. 133 Includes indexes. 1. Herb gardensDesigns and plans. 2. GardensDesign. I. Rady, Virginia B., 1922 II. Title. SB351.H5S92 1984 ISBN 0-87451-296-4 ISBN 0-87451-297-2 (pbk.) 5 635'.7 83-40556

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Page v

To Noreen Sheridan Capen (d. 1971), who was awarded The Herb Society of America's Medal of Honor and who initiated the idea of a publication of herb garden designs; to those members of the society who generously permitted the use of their herb garden designs; to The Herb Society of America, which sponsored this book.

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Page vii

CONTENTS Foreword by Susan Frugé Preface Acknowledgments Part I Herb Garden Design Basics 2 Beginning 4 Enclosures 5 Structural Edgings 5 Steps 7 Paths 8 Trees and Shrubs 8 The Planting Plan 9 Artifacts Part II Herb Garden Designs For the Novice 14 A Beginning 15 A Pocket-size Spot of Green 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden

viii ix x

17 In Partial Shade 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned 19 As a Geometric Form 20 Some Secluded Spot 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots 22 At a Summer Cottage More Ambitious 27 As a Patterned Entrance 28 For a Contemporary House 30 In More Than an Herb Garden 32 On a Terraced Hillside 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center 36 With Three Levels 38 For a City Lot 40 In a Sunken Garden 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse 44 Using Ever-gray. Ever-green 46 With a Brick Terrace .

A Touch of Formality 50 In Octagonal Form 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool 54 For Year-Round Beauty 56 A Hint of Parterre 58 In Precise Symmetry 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point 62 For a Williamsburg Air 64 Using Standards and Maypoles 66 For an Elegant Oval A Specialty 70 Devoted to Fragrance 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar 74 Designed for Moonlight 76 Of Dye and Textile 78 For Devotees of Old Roses 80 As a Salad Bowl 82 Featuring a Knot 84 .

On More Knots 88 All Gray and Silver 90 Using Containers Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes 95 Strictly for Children 98 Of Exploration 101 For Scholarly Pursuit 104 As an Herb Collector's 106 Of Biblical Herbs. a Lesser One 108 Of Biblical Herbs. a Greater One 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center Historical Gardens 115 For a Colonial Housewife 116 Of Plantation Plain 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum 120 For the Shakers 122 From a Moravian Settlement Part III Selecting and Adapting an Herb Garden Design 126 A Trial Run Glossary 131 .

Bibliography Contributors Common Name to Botanical Name Index Botanical Name to Common Name Index 133 134 135 146 < previous page page_vii next page > .

formless attempts at jotting down what herb gardens are. whether all their labor was to no avail. especially poetry. and I have had the pleasure of advising. but she had not worked professionally nor on anything of this magnitude. and record every detailall of the failures. This they did. and the publisher. build it. Their energy and charm caught me up. more of them exist to serve as examples. The idea of a collection of herb garden designs originated in the Herb Society of America many years ago. successes. And in the end they became not just authors but the creators of this excellent bookthe first of its kind. several committees were formed and subsequently unformed. Neither knew what it meant to make a book. SUSAN FRUGÉ < previous page page_viii next page > . finally discovering within themselves the genuine herb garden design book. For everyone this is a definitive as well as a beautiful book of herb garden designs. alterations. and the experience provided the final section of the book. seven years ago. This was not to be. For an answer they decided to design an herb garden from scratch. learning to ignore the conflicting and unknowledgeable advice too often given them. without resulting in a book or even in publishable articles. Again they revised. Over the years of its early hopeful beginnings it was little more than a mishmash of barely related. but had not tried her hand at descriptive horticultural prose. It needs no sequel. Faith had had architectural training and could draft the designs. Faith Swanson and Ginny Rady decided. responded with delight. with sparkling enthusiasm. carefully chosen. punching. Then. Ginny had done some writing. they asked themselves whether the manuscript would ever be of use. pushing. With false starts and honest stops. The turning point came when. But geographic considerations matter only in relation to the plant material used and not to the design structures except as these are modified by the plantings. for they had no model and no guide.< previous page page_viii next page > Page viii FOREWORD This book did not begin as a book. wheedling. The designs are taken more from the eastern than from the western United States for the reason that herb gardens have a longer tradition in the east and south. to take on what they thought would be the easy and comfortable revision of what had been done so far. I was publications chairman of the Herb Society of America and had long been a book editor. bereft of hope. Faith and Ginny revised and reviewed and struggled. tying together all the previous thoughts and proving the validity of their approach. and pleading to get the two would-be authors to become in-truth authors.

The reader is led step by step through the mechanics of creating a drawing and is given instructions for proceeding with the preliminary work. The herb garden designs alone. but each serves a purpose that justifies its inclusion. governed the style of our lists of botanical names. or by contributors. as in Rosmarinus officinalis. As an aid in establishing acceptable practices of nomenclature. While it has been our aim to be fundamental so that those who are approaching this project for the first time will find it a pleasure to proceed." Believing it to be one thing to instruct others how to create an herb garden design and quite another thing to carry it out. It is a marked departure from existing works that deal only in part with herb gardens and their design. Only a selection of the countless fancy name cultivars available has been used. the authors. and common (non-Latin) names is still permitted and is followed in Hortus Third as a guide to those who wish to continue the practice. It is further hoped that this volume will provide many hours of pleasure as the user plans and executes a satisfying. we have used Hortus Third as our primary reference for botanical names of plants and their common-name counterparts when they exist. The text is an outgrowth of the authors' many years of experience in experimenting with growing herbs and their seven years of working with herb garden designs. the garden must be viewed as a source of pleasure and utility. but of course not every aspect of herbs could be treated in great depth in this one volume. Some of these were created by landscape architects. Part III is the documentation of a "trial garden. lists of both botanical and common names were compiled with the expectation that this would eliminate much of the confusion the herb grower encounters when purchasing plants and seeds. former generic names. by their owners. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. 1969 and 1980. Part I is devoted to the basics of herb garden designconsiderations that are essential when plotting an herb garden. As is stated in the introduction of Hortus Third: "It is now recommended that all specific epithets commence with a lowercase letter. For unity and clarity all plans were made consistent in style and symbols. we have also provided material that will prove interesting and valuable to the experienced planner. A range of essential factors is considered herein. degree of maintenance required. hope that all users of this book will find it not only helpful but also a source of inspiration that will lead others to expand on the ideas presented herein. these plans incorporate those generally in cultivation." We have departed from their practice and complied with the recommendation. The more than fifty designs used in this book were selected from those submitted by members of The Herb Society of America in the United States and Canada. because it simplifies considerably the listing of specific names. Each plan was redrafted especially for use in this book. and these are capitalizedfor example. Not all herbs are included in this herb garden design book. rather. functional herb garden that will reflect his or her interests and desires and become a joy for many years. The lowercase is used for all common names except when proper nouns and adjectives are used with their original reference. Not all plants used are herbs. carefully noting all the procedures and providing drawings to demonstrate the elements in Part I. specialty. but the practice of capitalizing the first letter of epithets derived from persons. To achieve this. A glossary of terms has been included for ease in using this book. . Italics are always used for botanical names. without accompanying commentary.< previous page page_ix next page > Page ix PREFACE This book of herb garden designs has been prepared with the uninitiated planner in mind. while others were prepared by landscape designers. we completed a test garden. We. Generic names are capitalized and specific epithets are lowercased. Likewise. The common name index includes names that have come to our attention as being in general use. they are too numerous for all to be listed in this volume. English thyme. Then the redrafted plans were reduced as individually required to maintain readability of the planting plans and relevant information. historical interest. Part II presents plans for a variety of herb gardens. The designs are grouped according to levels of difficulty. would not have served the purpose of enabling a planner to create a design for an herb garden of lasting quality. and educational purpose. Each plan has a commentary to point out design elements and a plant list with botanical and common names. although countless common names exist.

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Swanson and Robert B. of the Herb Society of America are to be thanked for the support they gave us. has given us valuable information. A lecturer on herbs. His assistant. Lee Buss. Susan Frugé. and the horticulturist. the congenial cooperation and consideration afforded us by the staff members of this publisher have made the final phase of our work a most enjoyable one. as expediter and typist. and August Frugé.. Rady. for their counsel in the earliest stages of this book. We are grateful to many. SWANSON VIRGINIA B. M. and Rexford Talbert. We are particularly appreciative of our husbands. have also been of assistance. an undertaking of this magnitude requires different kinds and degrees of aid. Trudi Bela. former editor of University of California Press at Berkeley. Nell Neff. Betty Rea. president. which made possible the completion of our text. Special thanks are due James C. Eleanor Gambee. were most helpful with their keen perception of a publisher's needs and their evaluations of our work that were always professionally rendered and with complete honesty. Kissack gave us his estimate of the readability of the text in its early stages. and Elizabeth Bryce.D. Genevieve Jyurovat. Rady for his efforts in constructing the test garden. Alice Skelsey. for their patience and encouragement during the years required by this undertaking. Alexander Apanius. Weatherhead. Wanda Ritchie. Richard T. The late Raymond C. too. former director of same. who compiled the three-volume Flowering Plant Index of Illustration and Information. has been especially helpful over the years. RADY DECEMBER 1983 < previous page page_x next page > . Recognition is due Robert B. She has served. former managing editors. Derthick. librarian. Isaacson. Keebler and the late Everest P. Of the staff at The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland.< previous page page_x next page > Page x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS No matter how dedicated we as authors may be. FAITH H. Jo Lohmolder. Finally. Lucile Teeter Kissack was our landscape-architect consultant throughout with the invaluable advice and help essential in a volume of this nature. For assistance in a variety of ways we are grateful to Virginia B. past presidents. letting us know what questions people have asked with regard to herb gardens. Herbert J. and Joanna Reed. We could not have persevered and completed this project without such support. always encouraging us to stay with our project.

< previous page page_1 next page > Page 1 PART I HERB GARDEN DESIGN BASICS < previous page page_1 next page > .

a garden of herbs gives more months of garden pleasure and more kinds of pleasure than any other. As Henry Beston reflects. "A garden is the mirror of a mind. Possibilities undreamed of may become apparent. Amateur planners definitely can use help in creating a functional as well as an enjoyable herb garden. not at all difficult to maintain." wrote Henry Beston in his classic Herbs and the Earth. and hedges will have been located. Why a "designed" herb garden rather than a random placement around the curves of the terrace or in straight rows alongside the vegetable plantings? Those who have grown herbs in such fashion are usually dissatisfied. a no-longer-used driveway turnaround with a stone base. a wellmaintained garden keeps its good design. The realist will accept the numerous demands both in planning and in maintaining an herb garden. to increase the value of the property. Perennial herbs. even though it may seem that there is no alternative to the spot you have in mind. Designing an herb garden provides a rare opportunity for creative expression similar to that of the artist when he or she paints a picture. changing to subtle grays and greens topped with dainty blooms. some of which are evergreen. it is necessary to gain familiarity with the individual characteristics of the herbs. new plants. fences. Its interest is independent of flowers." Beston's last phrase can be affirmed by even the most superficial peek into the histories of gardens and garden designs. the north point will have been indicated. lay out a plan of the property. or botanical gardens at universities span centuries in both the Old World and the Newand in both Eastern and Western traditions. Where should the garden go? To simplify this decision. They may be unaware that gardens dedicated to herbs alone exist and of the recurring beauty that such gardens can provide. and its history and traditions touch all nations and all times. partially excavated area. a front dooryard. Records of herb gardens affiliated with schools of herbal medicine. Consider the sheltered corner that catches the sun and avoids destructive winds. its fragrances are given from the first leaf to the last. not at all difficult to maintain" is to be a romantic. and the more experienced gardeners constantly seek new modes of expression. As one constantly reinforces the other. A well-designed garden is easier to maintain. Using such a map simplifies the drawing of an overall plan." A good design does not "happen. If no . and decisions must not be left to chance." Fundamental questions must be answered in proper sequence. In order to create a fine garden design. temples of worship. and to have easy access to frequently used herbs. the result is more pleasure and more utility year round. its uses make it a part of the amenities of the whole year. have foliage that changes color with the seasons.< previous page page_2 next page > Page 2 Beginning "A garden is the mirror of a mind. new ways of seeing. what seemed a certainty may prove to be neither necessary nor even desirable. "Not difficult to plan. which complete their metamorphosis in early summer. The gentle quiet of fall and winter is followed in early spring by a heightening of the mauves and bronzes of thymes. or an abandoned. A survey map of the lot or acreage will have all measurements needed for planning your garden. An herb garden presents an opportunity to enhance the home grounds. But to consider a designed garden of herbs as "not difficult to plan. and structures.

< previous page page_2 next page > .Survey map of property with precise measurements indicating dimensions of the lot and locations of all structures. Here. measurements are in engineer's scale. fences. which is in tenths and hundredths of an inch. and hedges.

(B) of the house while a second person establishes (C) on the lot line in a line as straight as can be sighted. Two people working at measuring speed up the job and ensure greater accuracy of the measurements. This process can be repeated to determine space available around the house. In this example. and the driveway.< previous page page_3 next page > Page 3 survey map is available. A deed description. In the absence of a survey map. Here. other significant structures. For some areas a scale of one-eighth inch equals one foot may be suitable. will give the lot or acreage measurements. but with all needed information. Next. a deed description indicates all measurements of the property required to make a drawing. measure from the front or back iron pinwhichever is nearer the houseto a point on the lot line well past the house. such as the one illustrated here. measurements are in engineer's scale. to locate the house. measure to locate the house. one person should hold the tape at a point (A) approximately twelve feet from the corner Survey of property with less precise measurements. the first step is to determine as nearly as possible where the lot lines are. The object is to . Existing trees pertinent to the planning should be located on the drawing. To determine the distance between the house and lot line. Other areas may require a smaller scale. too. A drawing that will be useful as an overall plan must be executed on a small scale. too.

lines at an angle. triangleof inexpensive plastic. Locating the house on your drawing once the property line has been established. paths. < previous page page_3 next page > . T squarea ruler with a crosspiece or head at one end used in making parallel lines or as a support for triangles used in drawing lines at different angles to the ruler. a right triangle to rest on T square for drawing perpendicular lines. and unusual land features noted. The tools needed for drawing are few. compassan instrument for describing circles or transferring measurements that consists of two pointed branches joined at the top by a pivot.create an overall view of the property with structures and existing trees. shrubs. enclosures. The smaller the scale. but essential: architects' scalea scale or rule usually of triangular section made of boxwood (currently. one of the branches generally having a pencil point. the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the areas being considered for the herb garden. plastic is more easily found) with a variety of gradations on its edges. the other edges graduated in twelfths and fractions. driveway. graph paperfor use under tracing paper. roll of yellow tracing paperfor preliminary drawings. one edge usually graduated in inches and sixteenths of an inch. and parallel lines.

There are dualpurpose enclosures such as a low ''sitting wall. However. the type of enclosure may be determined by cost or availability of materials. the more substantial its foundation needs to be. In some cases. it is time to consider where to locate the herb garden. a hedge or specially designed fence can be used." an ideal spot for displaying potted plants. brick. iron. Enclosures The choice of an enclosure is an important part of achieving this total effect desired. and holly. few should tackle a job of this magnitude as a do-it-yourself project. With the plan on paper. Upkeep. and hedges of hemlock. and stone.< previous page page_4 next page > Page 4 white tracing paperof better quality for finished drawing to copy mechanically or for black line print. Climate is an important factor when choosing the . A toolhouse. old smokehouse. which may include the staining or preserving of a wood fence or the clipping of a hedge. To place the garden in relation to a structure that can frame it in some way is one of the most satisfying arrangements. must be included in assessing maintenance demands. drawing boardinexpensive scrap plywood covered with poster board or masonite or the kitchen cutting board. One basic rule is the higher the wall. How well made the concealed construction is has a direct bearing on the durability of the wall. In the absence of a structure. greenhouse. Another important consideration is the height of the enclosure in relation to the height of the related structure. In the designs that follow. bayberry. the location of the structure's doors and windows needs to be considered if balance and unity are to be achieved. or summer kitchen is ideal. garage. yew. a variety of enclosures is shown: fences of wood. gazebo. If the herb garden is to be related to a house or some similar structure. As important as the appearance of a wall enclosure is its hidden construction. The enclosure serves both to tie the garden into the surrounding landscape and to frame the space in a special way.

Three examples of the many possible fence designs. along with two styles of gates < previous page page_4 next page > .

If desired. Consider the growing qualities and requirements before making a choice. The vinyl costs relatively little and can be extremely useful for. Iron was used for fences more often in the past than it is today. however. . or natural. box. Brick is the all-time favorite material. Pressure-treated lumber is available in various sizes easily accommodating a wide range of needs. It is especially useful to have a variety of designs to choose from when trying to select the right enclosure to reinforce the desired image of the garden. a temporary garden that may be changed later. At first. Where air circulation is much needed. Designs from the most severe to the most ornate are available. whether it will be rocks. Using a range of sizes in the rocks or stones for the wall adds interest without the necessity of planning an exacting design. When used with a hedge. The decisions made ought to be carefully thought out. as in outdoor room dividers. A small herb garden would call for a brick-size edging. Hedges make handsome enclosures and can be created from a variety of genera and species. concrete blocks in openwork design can be ideal. painted. rock or stone indigenous to an area is less costly and is more integrated with the surrounding area. a masonry wall needs drainage tile or weep holes. deeply evergreen. Stone. too. keeping in mind that a plant can be cut back just so much. or. they can be made to order. and their spacing depends on the amount of precipitation. cut stones. as an example. Gates are part of the enclosure. Would you prefer to plant the deciduous bayberry (sometimes evergreen) in order to have the fruit for herb crafts? Or does the slow-growing. holly. so give them much thought. If used. used for dry wall or masonry construction. or for raising the beds to improve drainage. for example. Structural Edgings Availability of materials necessarily plays a part in the decision of which to choose. and rosemary. can vary from irregular rock to precisely cut stone. railroad ties. Stained. In a cold climate where there is alternate freezing and thawing. The elegance of a serpentine wall of brick delighted our forefathers. Generally. but the results will confirm this course. if wood is the material of choice. gray surfaces are found. a gate needs to be fashioned in a style similar at least to the structural enclosure. Concrete blocks are often regarded as too cold and institutional. Whatever the reason. it will seem too sparsely planted. but it is unfortunately a luxury rarely seen today. or pressure-treated lumber. In some climates. meet the priority for infrequent pruning? Space for the width or thickness of a hedge must be allowed at the outset. bricks. elegant box. For example. When this reinforcement is understated. but they may gain in favor as more imaginative ways of softening their severity or camouflaging their Spartan. This can be avoided by using preformed vinyl constructed in sections to simulate wrought iron. Wood may present greater opportunities for variety in design than any other material.< previous page page_5 next page > Page 5 material for a wall. something smaller than railroad ties or large landscape timbers. Adobe may be troublesome in a wet climate. Any edging of treated wood will serve admirably if the chemicals used are nontoxic to plants. compatibility with and proportion to related structures should be the foremost consideration. and their styles are countless. annual painting is a necessity. Once the enclosure for the herb garden is established. Allow adequate room within the row. such as bayberry. the green of the enclosure presents a striking contrast with a gate painted white. it is there for many years if thoughtfully conceived and well constructed. concrete blocks shift position unless mortar is used to build the wall. the garden design is not overshadowed by the enclosure. Rosemary. the possibilities with wood are so great that many types of appropriate enclosures can be fashioned. Equally important is proportion. When the reinforcement also complements the architecture of the house or related structure. Styles are legion. Reference books devoted exclusively to the subject of walls offer detailed information. Lower cost is an advantage. yew. landscape timbers. some deciduous and some evergreen. works well in a climate like that of the southwestern United States. for reinforcing the design. the garden design is most attractive. ranging from the simplest form of plain picket associated with colonial times to contemporary designs. The structural edging may be chosen for neatness. Structural edgings are long-lasting and not easily changed.

The relationship between the riser and tread is exaggerated for steps outdoors in contrast to the ratio < previous page page_5 next page > .Steps When constructing steps. Conversely. awkward and unsafe. the steps created will be forever an annoyance. if the ratio is observed the steps will likely not be noticeda sign of success. If the planner is unaware of or ignores this ratio. logical ratio to be observed between the depth of the tread and the height of the riser. there is a necessary.

< previous page page_6 next page > Page 6 A variety of borders for brick walks .

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Paths In addition to their obvious utility. but should be compatible with. If groups are walking through. making the design more evident. for public implies that the gardens are open for tours. for example. Be mindful of other patterns that are a part of the herb garden area. remember they will be used by family and friends to enjoy the herb garden. Consider this matter carefully when moving from one level to another in the herb garden and related areas. so that the brick contributes to the unity of the overall plan. because they are just that. or red. Access paths. Their width needs to be no less than adequate. Paths must be ample. however. The colors are various: terracotta. appearance. There are. Do not skimpunless it means there will be no herb garden. too. The requirements for paths must be kept in mind from the very beginning of the design planning. Be aware that the colder temperate zones will require a frost-proof brick to prevent shattering with extremes of temperature. need to be only the width required for the gardener to work easily within the beds. the greater the tread.< previous page page_7 next page > Page 7 for those indoors. These are some suggested measurements for outdoor steps: Height of Riser 4" 4½" 5" 5½" 6" Depth of Tread 20" 18" 16" 15" 14" A four-inch riser and twenty-inch tread may be considered ideal for a garden. smaller sizes are noticeably more comfortable for any activity. paths show off the separate beds to advantage. their use no less than comfortable. materials used in constructing the rest of the herb garden. these paths may need to be as wide as six feet or more. Heavy black plastic laid under crushed stone or pebbles discourages weeds and eases maintenance. Grass provides a good contrast for the beds of herbs and is a pleasure to walk on. Step materials need not be the same as. A width of four feet allows room for turning. Choose the path material equally for comfort. and maintenance. Paths must be wide enough to accommodate a large garden cart. But do not overlook the mowing and trimming it requires. few situations in which outdoor steps should have a tread less than fourteen inches and a riser greater than six inches. If the choice is crushed stone or pebbles. Brick creates an illusion of warmth that is important in colder climates. The depth of the stones or pebbles depends on the type of material used and the underlying soil. Even more varied than their colors are the patterns to be composed with brick. The requirements for paths in public gardens are quite another matter. rosy pink. cost. . Although paths other than those for the use of a cart are sometimes less in width. It is a general rule that the less the riser. A width of five feet is thought by some to be necessary for two people to walk comfortably side by side.

not easily counted < previous page page_7 next page > .A less obvious herringbone pattern. in which the brick is laid flush with the edge An interesting variant of basket weave.

lasting surface. In generally wet areas or humid climates even partial shade cast .< previous page page_8 next page > Page 8 A variety of designs for flagstone walks Flagstone makes a substantial.

dogwood Crataegus phaenopyrum. and they are relatively inexpensive and readily obtained. Washington thorn Magnolia virginiana. If the garden is made up of separate beds.) To avoid having a slippery surface. It must be practical to maintain trees and shrubs in proper scale to the garden. shrubs. spicebush Viburnum carlesii Calluna. flowering quince In a historic garden the selection of trees needs to be made with historical accuracy in mind if the garden is to be judged authentic. a soft-lead pencil in hand. serviceberry. It is important to know the growth habits of the trees and shrubs if any are to be planted within the garden or near it. The same is true if wooden slabscross-cut sections of tree trunksare used. a result being hazardous footing. With these recommendations in mind. Here are examples that are suitable for such use: Trees Amelanchier. and a few sheets of < previous page page_8 next page > . or trees to be considered. bark or pine needles can be used. witch hazel Lindera benzoin. prepare a planting plan for each. When they mature. Trees and Shrubs Working out the design plan can be one of the most enjoyable parts of the project. A bit of research is in order for the planner unfamiliar with the characteristics of herbs. and many good references are available. sweet-scented crab Cornus florida. (These are tempting to use in a naturalized area or adjacent to a woodland site. too. shad Malus coronaria. keeping in mind the growth habits and requirements of the herbs to be used. sweet bay any of the dwarf fruit trees Shrubs Hamamelis virginiana.on flagstone and brick can cause the formation of algae and mosses on the surface. They are easily renewed as they break down. they should not shade the herbs too much. heather Chaenomeles speciosa. The Planting Plan A planting plan needs to be drawn on a larger scale than the overall plan. This. is an enjoyable experience.

What are their colors and textures? Which provide contrast? To help develop a planting plan that takes fully into account the seasonal bloom and the height of plants and their maturity. a focal point is customarily used. Chart for Height and Bloom SeasonLow April snowdrops primrose 'Alba' May sweet violet lily-of-thevalley sweet woodruff columbine 'Alba' pink 'White Lace'R June white miniature rose 'Cinderella'C lamb's-ears petunia C silver mound Medium daff. Individual interests will dictate which to choose. The skeleton thus stabilizes the form of the finished creation. allowing the garden to remain interesting even when the annuals are spent. too. The variety of hues and textures of herbs helps to establish the contrast necessary to define a pattern as well as to avoid monochromatic monotony. Use the graph paper under tracing paper so that the planting plan can easily be read without the distraction of the grid of the graph paper. 'Cassata' tulip 'White Trumpeter' tulip 'Blizzard' orris gray santolina clary foxglove 'Alba' High flowering crab 'Guiding Star' July Aug. 'Mount Hood daff. Seek out favorites among the perennial herbs. Often this center of interest is a sundial. It needs. It may be of the simplest sort with gnomon on a horizontal plate or of the more complex armillary sphere kind. for example. the complement of the annuals to create the desired image. for example. the herb garden's balance may be achieved symmetrically or asymmetrically. The "skeleton" of the plan is established with perennials that will sustain the design throughout the year. however. lemon thyme. begin work on the "skeleton" of the herb garden. white C white mugwort horehound Western moonflower C mugwort silver-king artemisia tuberose . noting well their growth habits. Artifacts such as an old hand pump. Plants that serve a particular function such as edging are an aid in establishing the design. In whatever manner this aspect of the design is carried out. C-continuous bloom rose 'Schneezwerg' fraxinella yarrow 'The Pearl' (snowdwarf) R honesty lavender 'Alba' yucca absinthe feverfew C rocket nicotiana C 'Grandiflora' stock. prepare a chart of the plants to be used. Do use a soft-lead pencil. Other herbs function ideally when used to create the rhythm of a garden designed in the form of a knot. Lemon thyme and germander are two much-used examples.< previous page page_9 next page > Page 9 graph paper ready. It is the graph paper that furnishes a constant reminder of the space being used for each plant. Sept. it is easily read and easily erased. whether they are invasive or tall growing. It can be done when the weather is not fit for gardening and is best done well in advance of planting time. such as the one illustrated here. and there may be much erasure needed! The scale to be used will depend on the size of the garden and the size of the paper and may be one-fourth inch equals one foot. someone strongly interested in culinary herbs may choose Thymus × citriodorus. The time taken to make a chart of this sort is well spent because in the process you may identify a number of unanticipated problems. or whatever is best in your case. Artifacts As with other gardens. one-half inch equals one foot. statuarysometimes of Saint Fiacre.

Again. scale is of prime importance in determining whether these features add to the final effect of the herb garden or whether they strike an incongruous note. If a statue less than life-size is used. respect for good proportion can make the difference between a very pleasing herb garden and one less than satisfying. a niche of its own should be created. the height of a fence to the house. It is then in scale with its frame. and a good sense of proportion is achieved. It is this aspect of design that some consider most important. or the width of a border to the total width of a walk. < previous page page_9 next page > .R-recurrent bloom the patron saint of gardenersand birdbaths are frequently used. Whether it is the size of artifacts in relation to the garden.

< previous page page_11 next page > Page 11 PART II HERB GARDEN DESIGNS < previous page page_11 next page > .

the designs have a decorative north point. a design feature from one plan generally can be used in another.< previous page page_12 next page > Page 12 The herb garden designs that follow are grouped for the convenience of those who have special interests or special needs. Except for two. with one basic rule always needing to be observed. here is the key to the symbols used consistently throughout the designs: Symbols flowerpot planter plant hoop bee skep existing tree proposed tree edging hedge vine fence deciduous shrub evergreen shrub deciduous tree evergreen tree < previous page page_12 next page > . For easy reference. a stylized drawing of an ovary. It is expected that these designs will serve to inspire their adaptation for use in any situation and will serve further to stimulate the imagination and foster individual creativity. which is the ovule-bearing part of a pistil in the flower of a seed plant. It is worthwhile to note the geographical location of these herb gardens so that the perennial or annual quality of the plant material can be gauged according to the area where it will be used. that of good proportion. However.

< previous page page_13 next page > Page 13 For the Novice < previous page page_13 next page > .

The first number in each planting area is the key number. sativa. A. Three paths allow adequate access to the garden and to the working path that runs the length of it. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used.Ocimum basilicum. rosemary geranium winter savory Aloysia triphylla.Lavandula savory angustifolia. rose 24. bee balm 13.L. 14. cherry tomato sweet alyssum Levisticum officinale.S. or other structure. Clipping for that purpose helps maintain the design. which is used here in relation to a garage. English lavender Rosmarinus officinalis.Melissa officinalis. lemon balm . Perennials have been deliberately placed to keep a semblance of the design apparent throughout the months when annuals are spent. 1. 16. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. lemon 15.Galium odoratum. salad burnet 12.< previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 A Beginning For the beginner this plan is valuable as an introduction to herb gardens and their design. 6.Origanum majorana. With color and texture considered for contrast.Satureja hortensis. sweet basil Artemisia dracunculus var. This appealing plan is uncomplicated and will be equally suitable used in relation to a hedge.Satureja montana.Allium 11. sweet 25. Lavenders accent the front corners. 7.Viola tricolor. 5. The rules of symmetry are observed.Pelargonium graveolens. 22. 21. taller herbs were used at the back to form a pleasing background for those of intermediate height.Lobularia maritima. 26. summer 23. lovage 17.Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. dill cerasiforme.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 27. Landscape Architect.A. The edgings in variety are herbs much prized for harvest.Poterium sanguisorba. a fence. and the novice is afforded a variety of herbs with which to become acquainted. Foeniculum vulgare. which permit room for their full maturation and bloom. French tarragon sweet marjoram Monarda didyma. verbena woodruff Johnny-jump-up Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. 3. fennel 2. 4.

Origanum heracleoticum.Allium oregano ampeloprasum. curly parsley 10. Greek 28. dwarf garden 20.8. 19.Salvia officinalis.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Petroselinum crispum var. chive 18. Pelargonium × limoneum. leek 9. costmary 'Albus'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. sage English thyme < previous page page_14 next page > .Porrum Group. English finger-bowl geranium crispum 'Banquet'. white creeping thyme schoenoprasum.

< previous page page_15 next page > Page 15 A Pocket-Size Spot of Green Sometimes there is a corner or a niche in a village or town that is unused. The fourth is open for passersby to admire the overall effect. bee balm peppermint geranium hyssop 5. fennel English lavender geranium 4.Satureja hortensis. rosemary crispum 'Banquet'.Allium schoenoprasum. A few civic-minded herb growers can transform it into a delightful spot of green fragrant with herbs.Aloysia triphylla. French tarragon 2. 13. lemon verbena 21.Foeniculum vulgare.Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'. Petroselinum crispum var.Poterium sanguisorba. and the enclosure can be extended around the fourth side as desired. there are numerous other designs of equal appeal to consider. 17.Pelargonium tomentosum. This plan can be used in the home environment just as easily. 11. . curly parsley sativa. 1. Although this brick-paved area has an interesting basket-weave pattern.Lavandula angustifolia.Monarda didyma. Even in this situation the need to enclose a garden was observedif only on three sides. summer 10. Pennsylvania Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. Volunteers for a project like this need to keep in mind that the hedge would require more than one trimming annually. rose 19.Artemisia dracunculus var.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Pelargonium graveolens. perhaps overgrown with weeds. 18. bush basil 3.Rosmarinus officinalis. white 20. It serves as entrance and exit for those who might choose to walk in to inspect more closely an individual herb. 9. 12.Ocimum basilicum savory southernwood 'Minimum'. as was done here.

English thyme dill 8. eglantine 23.Origanum majorana. sweet heliotrope marjoram 7. English'.Rosa eglanteria.Galium odoratum.Taxus cuspidata 'Columnaris'. Japanese yew < previous page page_15 next page > .Heliotropium arborescens.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 15. sweet lemon thyme woodruff chive 22. 16.Thymus × citriodorus.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'.salad burnet 6. 14.

sativa. dill 2. The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon thyme 10. Even in limited space. rules of good design can be observed with circles or an arc to soften the more severe rectangles or squares. .Artemisia dracunculus var. and the plan could be used at a front door. Japanese yew 17. 1. An extremely small spacesix feet by ten feetmakes narrow paths a necessity.Levisticum officinale.Petroselinum crispum. English thyme Greek oregano 4. however. 13. Herbs grown especially for fragrance may be substituted for the culinary herbs. Origanum majorana. sweet marjoram 3.< previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 That Dooryard Herb Garden ''Lilliputian" might come to mind at first sight of this garden. salad burnet 14. Only the width of the paths needs to be sacrificed. Anethum graveolens French tarragon 'Bouquet'. parsley 5.Thymus × citriodorus.Allium schoenoprasum. The image would soon give way to other considerations.S. A. Origanum heracleoticum. 7. It would be a refreshing change from the standard foundation planting so commonly used. summer savory 11.Taxus cuspidata. however. spearmint 16.A.Mentha spicata. lovage 15.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. 9. making the beds larger and the paths wider.L.Satureja hortensis. still observing a scale.Chionanthus virginicus.Salvia officinalis. garden sage 8. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.Poterium sanguisorba. Then the design might need to be expanded. The garden is conveniently located.

sweet basil chive 12.6.Ocimum basilicum. nasturtium fringe tree < previous page page_16 next page > .Tropaeolum majus.

leek Foeniculum vulgare. 31. 33.Polystichum acrostichoides. Viola odorata. Dictamnus albus. salad 20. This is an intimate garden. 6. 13. Edgings of herbs further delineate the beds.Polemonium reptans. Monarda didyma. 7. narrow strip dominated by a hedge. The hedge is needed for privacy and establishes the property line.Artemisia dracunculus var.L. 8. A brick edging raises the beds slightly.Convallaria majalis. foxglove primrose in variety Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Osmunda cinnamomea. lilyburnet lamb'sears of-the-valley Satureja hortensis. mid-summer plantain lily Salvia officinalis. wild ginger 27. The remainder is brightened by reflected light from the house-garage.Hosta undulata 'Erromena'. summer 21. bush basil gray santolina Porrum Group. 1. bee balm 14. 9. the challenge is obvious. fennel 19. It may be a more spacious lot where too great a portion of the private area in the rear is shaded by mature trees not to be sacrificed.Digitalis grandiflora. a feeling heightened by the herringbone pattern of the brick paving. 25.Teucrium chamaedrys. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. blue lungwort 26. sweet violet 16. cinnamon fern 4. The long. French tarragon Poterium sanguisorba.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Allium ampeloprasum. hop sativa.Syringa vulgaris 'Ellen . 32. lemon thyme 28. shady bed with ferns at the base of the hedge adds to the width of the narrow garden as viewed from the kitchen window.Origanum majorana. Christmas fern 5. lavender marjoram 2.Thymus × citriodorus. If the only area remaining is alongside the house and is a long.Pulmonaria officinalis.S.Asarum canadense. A.Primula vulgaris. garden sage 17.Humulus lupulus. Jacob's-ladder 3. Landscape Architect.< previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 In Partial Shade It is not always the smaller city lot that offers a challenge for the herb enthusiast who anticipates planning and planting an herb garden.Stachys byzantina. The garden is easily accessible from the kitchen and the garage. The sun warms and illuminates only the culinary beds of this area for a few hours of the day. sweet angustifolia 'Munstead'. and a gate provides access to the front of the property. fraxinella 15.A. The number in each planting area is the key number. yellow 29. 30. 18.

Galium odoratum.Buxus microphylla var. fragrant plantain lily < previous page page_17 next page > . Canada hemlock Standard'.Sorbus americana. 35. sweet 34. French'.lilac 10.Petroselinum crispum var.Tsuga canadensis. winter savory 24. curly parsley mountain ash 12.savory germander Willmott'. yellow bedstraw 23.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 22.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal 36.Galium verum. French thyme woodruff koreana. crispum.Satureja montana.Korean box 11.

and its pattern is made more apparent with the contrasting leaf textures and colors of the herbs arranged with that purpose in mind. lemon verbena 2." is a splendid idea to encourage experimenting with unfamiliar herbs.Origanum heracleoticum. twenty-six herbs thrive in this tiny garden. 1.Rumex scutatus. It is a pleasing. Redwood dividers form the beds and were constructed as a weekend project. garden sage 20.Salvia officinalis. One of the beds.Aloysia triphylla. This necessarily limited the size of the garden. Surprisingly. Italian parsley . this design can be an inspiration. it became part of the patio.Anethum graveolens 'Bouquet'. neapolitanum. California Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. geometric design. it added interest and fragrance to the atmosphere and a fine view of growing herbs from the kitchen window. dill 10.< previous page page_18 next page > Page 18 The Diminutive and Unadorned If limited time and limited space are prime factors when planning an herb garden. The low wall enclosing the patio is an ideal spot for displaying specimen plants in pots.Petroselinum crispum var. 19. To be placed near the kitchen. devoted to a "yearly surprise. French Greek oregano sorrel 11. Even so.

16.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet 18. French thyme 'Citriodorum'.Satureja hortensis. garlic chive 26.Anthriscus cerefolium. sweet 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow.17. winter savory 24. Alpine strawberry 7. summer savory 23. French tarragon 5.Allium tuberosum.Satureja montana.Ocimum basilicum.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von burnet Sole-macher'. salad 15. chervil marjoram 21.Petroselinum crispum var.Poterium sanguisorba.Melissa officinalis. curly parsley 22. basil sativa. shallot < previous page page_18 next page > .Artemisia dracunculus var.Ocimum basilicum leaf French'.Allium cepa Aggregatum group.Origanum majorana. borage 'Purpurascens'.Borago officinalis. purple basil 4.Ocimum basilicum 12. English thyme bush basil 8. lemon basil 9. crispum.Allium schoenoprasum. chive 25.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.3.Myrrhis odorata. lemon balm cicely 6. sweet 14.

The center beds here were established in this way. sweet 13. D. it is an unusual.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'.Lavandula angustifolia.Pelargonium in variety.Santolina virens. so that the location of an entrance or a niche can be more easily and logically determined. Unusual shapes for beds and work paths can become apparent by extending lines through the vertices of the angles in the figure. Created in an orderly way.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. New York Designed by Contributor The first number in each planting area is the key number.Stachys byzantina. A thumbnail sketch shows the manner in which a design can be developed from a geometric figure. 1. Then additional lines are drawn parallel and equidistant to them. To increase the planting area. green santolina 12. A planting plan was prepared for it that named not only the plants used but also the number of each kind. scented-leaf geranium 2. It is a plan that can be used in whole or in part. winter 21.Thymus × citriodorus. sweet cicely 23.Santolina rue chamaecyparissus.Satureja montana. 19. resulting in a still attractive bed featured centrally in the plan. geometric design.C. gray . purple basil 4. 14.< previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 As a Geometric Form Originally this herb garden was designed for a horticultural display at the National Arboretum in Washington. was the inverted V of gray santolina established. English thyme lemon thyme 11. it is full of interesting angles. As a whole. English lavender 10.Hyssopus officinalis.Myrrhis odorata. rosemary 3.Rosmarinus officinalis. lamb's-ears 20.Galium odoratum. the second shows the quantity of plants to be used. the work paths could be eliminated. too. so.Ocimum basilicum savory 'Purpurascens'.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. blue 22. woodruff hyssop dwarf marigold 5.

Dianthus caryophyllus. silver mound artemisia 18.Artemisia abrotanum.Salvia officinalis.Marrubium vulgare. horehound24. clove pink 7. camphor-scented wormwood 8. American southernwood holly 17. French thyme santolina 15. germander 16.Myrtus communis.Ilex opaca.Artemisia camphorata. classic myrtle 9. 25.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Teucrium chamaedrys.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. garden sage < previous page page_19 next page > .6.

sweet basil 4. English lavender 6. Ocimum basilicum. the paths must be narrower than may be recommended. This center of interest is of particular note.Melissa officinalis.< previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 Some Secluded Spot Although only a few steps from the front door. purple basil 3. yarrow 12. Galium odoratum. sweet woodruff 5. Achillea millefolium. Here it is a reading nook or an aged rosemary in a special container.Hyssopus officinalis. lemon balm 22. rosemary 15. French tarragon 14.Rosmarinus officinalis. absinthe 26. winter savory 16. This is a basket-weave fence that allows some air circulation but at times becomes an effective windbreak.Chamaemelum . Brick is repeated in the base for the focal point.Thymus praecox subsp. Job's tears 11. pot marigold 24. Kansas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. Sometimes space is limited.Satureja montana. gray santolina 13. Maximum width thus is left clear for walking.Tanacetum vulgare. too. Lavandula angustifolia. which adds its impression of warmth.Santolina chamaecyparissus. Its arrow points north and. casts the shadow for the hour. and if an herb garden is to be created at all. The path from the front gate needs to lead to something of particular interest. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. this herb garden is secluded. A redwood fence seven feet high secures its privacy. In this case no casual herb edging but rather a clipped one such as the Santolina chamaecyparissus used here should be selected. The gray of the Santolina is a good color alongside the brick.Calendula officinalis.Artemisia absinthium. an equatorial sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip depicting the equator.Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa. tansy 25. arcticus 21.Borago officinalis. Coix lacryma-jobi. borage 23. seeming to extend the season of enjoyment in colder climates. blue hyssop 2. 1.

white creeping thyme nobile.Symphytum officinale. variegated garden sage 8. sweet 29.Carya illinoinensis.Pelargonium in variety.Chrysanthemum balsamita.Syringa.Allium geranium schoenoprasum. Salvia elegans. lilac < previous page page_20 next page > .Origanum vulgare. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'.7. Salvia officinalis. wild marjoram 28. scented-leaf 27.Origanum majorana. comfrey20. pineapplescented sage 9. marjoram pecan 10. chamomile 17. garden sage 19. chive 18. costmary 'Albus'.

horehound 33.Salvia officinalis. rose geranium 2. Ohio Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. 36. this design could be used with herbs planted directly in the ground.Pelargonium × limoneum.Galium odoratum.Satureja hortensis.Ruta graveolens. 29. chervil 15.Ipomoea alba. 5. The neatness of this design makes good use of limited space.Myrrhis odorata. 30.Apium graveolens. sweet 34.Origanum majorana. 3. hyssop Meyer lemon . need to be planted in confining tiles or flue liners to contain them. summer 32. 7. sweet English lavender woodruff Anethum graveolens. This trimness is accentuated by the germander edgings and the Japanese yew hedgein this case Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'used as a partial enclosure. rue 31. true ginger16. marjoram chive Rumex scutatus. 19. 18. for example lemon balm and spearmint.Allium schoenoprasum. Potted herbs can be held in readiness to replace one doing poorly.Teucrium chamaedrys. 9. purple basil Zingiber officinale.Melissa officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. blue 23.Marrubium vulgare.Pelargonium graveolens. dill 20. sunken into the ground. lovage 22. rosemary savory germander Lavandula angustifolia. wild celery Rosmarinus officinalis.Citrus limon 'Meyer'. sativa. French tarragon moonflower Hyssopus officinalis. Anthriscus cerefolium.Artemisia dracunculus var. sweet cicely 37. resulting in a very trim herb garden that always looks its best. and heavily mulched with cocoa bean hulls. The more invasive ones. parsley 17. and it is this limited space that dictates the narrow work paths. 4. 8. lemon balm 35. garden English finger-bowl geranium sage Petroselinum crispum.Allium sativum. garlic Levisticum officinale.< previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 With Herbs in Sunken Pots Originally planned with herbs potted. French sorrel 21. 1. When controlled in this way. 6. the members of the mint family become rootbound and must be cut apart with sections of new growth replanted each spring if they are to survive.

spearmint 27.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'. English thyme 26.Magnolia virginiana. sweet bay < previous page page_21 next page > .Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. lemon verbena 11.Mentha spicata. dwarf nasturtium 13.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lemonthyme 28.Aloysia triphylla.Thymus × citriodorus. French thyme 24.Ocimum basilicum. Greek oregano 12.10.Poterium sanguisorba. bush basil 14.Origanum heracleoticum.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'.Tropaeolum minus. salad burnet 25. Japanese yew 39. sweet basil 38.

"Simplify. and "first-aid" necessities such as jewelweed for poison ivy country and aloe for minor burns or skin abrasions. It may not be a summer cottage that limits gardening time." may have been the key to the inspiration for this plan at a summer cottage. however.< previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 At a Summer Cottage A word or two from Thoreau. whatever the reason. this casual plan devised for this casual place can be an inspiration with its simplicity. < previous page page_22 next page > . the insect-repellent pennyroyal. Here are the indispensable culinary herbs. Compass points in the center of the flag-stone terrace and the rail fence are elements of appeal and are easily adaptable to other situations. simplify!. The planting beds were raised using two-by-six-inch boards. a quick way to ensure good drainage. but. Interest and charm were not sacrificed for utility.

< previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 New Jersey Designed by Owner .

spearmint 21. 18.Hedeoma pulegioides.Mentha x piperita.Impatiens capensis. bee balm 19. 12. French tarragon 5.Ocimum basilicum. lettuce 10.Allium fistulosum. 1. bell pepper 6.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. sweet 17. spicebush absinthe French'. French thyme < previous page page_23 next page > .Monarda didyma. tomato American pennyroyal 4. 16. Welsh woodruff rosemary onion 9.Anethum graveolens.Rosmarinus officinalis. rue 20. garden sage 3. 26.Capsicum frutescens. sweet 15.Origanum majorana.Petroselinum crispum.Thymus praecox subsp.Salvia officinalis.Artemisia absinthium.Lindera benzoin.Satureja hortensis. aloe Grossum Group.Tanacetum vulgare. lemon 22.The number in each planting area is the key number.Galium odoratum.Ruta graveolens. peppermint 23.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 27. balm sativa. dill 13. mother-of-thyme marjoram chive 8. sweet 25. tansy 11. jewelweed24.Artemisia dracunculus var.Mentha spicata.Allium schoenoprasum.Melissa officinalis.Aloe barbadensis. parsley 2.Lactuca sativa. summer basil savory 7. arcticus. 14.

< previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 More Ambitious < previous page page_25 next page > .

The directness of the path is softened by the arcs created on the one side. encloses this plan. The late autumn yellow flowers and foliage of witch hazel are placed to add to the view from the house. 1. The deep green germander arcs lay out the design clearly. and the pattern is made more evident with contrasting leaf textures and leaf colors. A different retaining device is used for the slightly raised beds to keep soil and mulch in place. The color is good with the blue-gray of the stone used in this plan.Thymus vulgaris sage 'Narrow-leaf French'. germander 7. French thyme 2. faced and capped with random. It is heavy nylon marine rope held in place with pegs.Pelargonium in variety. Perovskia abrotanoides.< previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 As a Patterned Entrance This patterned entrance has been treated asymmetrically. Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 14. Massachusetts Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Teucrium chamaedrys. Blue-gray crushed stone eight inches deep and retained by galvanized soil barriers provides a direct approach to the screened porch and house. horizontally laid bluestone.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 8. and the stone also helps this patterned entrance complement the architecture of the house. . Russian 13. too. A low wall of brick.

-John'swort 17. mantle arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. St. lemon thyme 10. crimson creeping thyme 9.Hypericum patulum 'Sungold'.Viburnum cassinoides.Hamamelis virginiana.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris. lavender 3. sweet woodruff scented-leaf geranium 15. Thymus × citriodorus. arcticus 'Albus'.Galium odoratum. white creeping thyme 5. withe-rod < previous page page_27 next page > . blue 11. witch hazel 18. woolly thyme 'Coccineus'.Campsis radicans. trumpet vine 16.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina neapolitana 4. lemon balm hyssop 12.angustifolia. lady's6.Hyssopus officinalis.Melissa officinalis.

with this planting plan it provides an abundance of herbs for many uses. holly.< previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 For a Contemporary House Often there is a need to soften the stark lines of a contemporary house by using plantings. However. Its dark green color is good contrast for the path of marble chips. The gravel walkway is a useful device to move the garden from under the roof overhang into the sun. bays and niches were created with the inner walk of marble chips. lilac. the shrubsyew. a relatively small herb garden is situated two steps down from the terrace. arcticus and encloses the herb garden. Although this is not a large garden. privetthat back up the germander and structure the design for the entire year. The bays result in a greater border area for a wider variety of border herbs. which is treated with patches of various cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. however. To serve that purpose and in a manner quite out of the ordinary. The niches are an ideal way to make a place for a birdbath and to tuck in a garden seat. < previous page page_28 next page > . These curves alone might have produced the softening effect desired. It is. Germander is a proper edging here. box. A Japanese holly hedge repeats the curves of the brick walk.

< previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 Connecticut .

silver-king artemisia fern < previous page page_29 next page > . lamb'sears 35.Myrtus communis. dwarf crested iris 39.Santolina pinnata 34. blue horehound hyssop 3. clary 30.Ilex crenata 'Stokesii'. orris 38. Viola odorata. lavender 22. columnal yew 43.Santolina virens.Anemone pulsatilla.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. white hyssop 4. gray sage savory 14. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Cytisus supinus. winter 29. dwarf privet 48. sweet violet 19. 23. borage an-gustifolia 'Hidcote'.Chrysanthemum coccineum. Heliotropium arborescens.Artemisia camphorata.Fragaria vesca 'Baron von heliotrope Solemacher'. fringed wormwood 16. prostrate rosemary 13. shrubby cinquefoil 46.Syringa patula. fraxinella 33. florentina. 21.Taxus cuspidata 'Densa'.Iris × germanica var. sweet cicely17. Alchemilla vulgaris.Rosmarinus officinalis painted daisy 'Prostratus'.Borago officinalis.Dianthus alpinus 'Petite'.Satureja montana. Marrubium vulgare. Myrrhis odorata.Eloise & Jo Ray. sweet albula.Comptonia peregrina. Mentha requienii. 1. lady's. crimson creeping thyme 31. Japanese holly 42. Corsican 24.20. cottage pink 2. white creeping thyme 37.Salvia leucophylla. Simkins'. mantle chamomile 5. red creeping thyme 10.Hyssopus officinalis. gray santolina camphor-scented wormwood 11.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Thymus praecox subsp.Iris cristata. alpine strawberry 8.Potentilla fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes'. arcticus 'Albus'. santolina alpine pink 28.Artemisia frigida. green 27.Ruta graveolens.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Teucrium chamaedrys. rue 6. germander 36. 12. Japanese yew 44.Taxus × media 'Hicksii'.Artemisia ludoviciana var. 9.Buxus microphylla 'Nana'. 32.Stachys byzantina.Salvia sclarea. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. lilac 45. Thymus praecox subsp. Landscape Architects The number in each planting area is the key number. classic myrtle 15.Thymus praecox subsp.Chamaemelum nobile. 18. 26. dwarf box 41.Dianthus plumarius 'Mrs.Dictamnus albus. woolly thyme 7. Thymus praecox subsp.Ligustrum vulgare 'Nanum'. mint silver mound artemisia 25. Japanese holly 47. broom 40. pasqueflower arcticus 'Splendens'.Ilex crenata 'Bullata'. arcticus 'Coccineus'.

The direction a path takes can add interest. an herb garden. the center of interest for the herb garden. Its charm is well illustrated in the sketch and is varied only by the seasonal changes of the herbal blooms or foliage in the container on the gate. a running bond pattern. This is an area of more than one hundred square feet with paths running diagonally across the square. All were selected to fit the purposes of the beds. as is true here in the vegetable garden.< previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 In More than an Herb Garden This long narrow melding of gardens is composed of a perennial garden. The several beds create an opportunity to use a variety of edgings. allowing adequate access to the lawn area. This hedge. Other paths are brick. does not accentuate the narrowness of the garden as enclosing it entirely with the white fence would have. which requires less brick and merges nicely with the flagstone. A gate provides access to the garden from the driveway and is wood painted white in keeping with the fence. These paths are random flagstone that are compatible with the raised stone slab of an old well. The house with its flagstone terrace is the final portion of the enclosure. while adding to the enclosure of the area. and the alpine strawberry edging is a good choice for continuity between the herb garden area and the vegetable garden. The herb garden itself could be considered a focal point. A white fence of wood is the enclosure for two sides of this sunny garden area and serves as a handsome support for grape vines. and a vegetable garden. < previous page page_30 next page > . The second seventy-five-foot side is served by an alpine currant hedge and is a fine transition to the lawn area. more pleasing for having taken a turn to one of two openings in the hedge. and here there are nine for the exterior edges of the beds. a cutting garden. The varied shapes of the beds add interest. and one has an inset for a garden seat.

< previous page page_31 next page > Page 31 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack. A.S. Landscape Architect. .L.A.

Magnolia virginiana. candytuft Standard'.Torenia fournieri 'Alba'.Hemerocallis × luteola.Helleborus niger. garden sage 56.Salvia officinalis.Chrysanthemum × superbum.Aloysia triphylla.Hyssopus officinalis. cottage pink French'.Petroselinum crispum var. bush basil 41.Satureja montana.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva 30.Allium christophii. Fragaria vesca 'Baron von 21. Dianthus plumarius 'Her 25. yellow 24. fraxinella 26.Phlox paniculata 'Mary 38. 1. 37.The number in each planting area is the key number. sativa.Galium odoratum. white 'Bouquet'.Thymus × citriodorus. yellow epimedium 15. Aquilegia chrysantha. summer 34. statice Solemacher'.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Majesty'.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Stokesia laevis. alpine strawberry 3. white phlox English thyme < previous page page_31 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum.Stachys byzantina. clary 46. silver mound artemisia early tawny orange tulip 13.Tulipa 'General de Wet'. yellow daylily sweet bay 19.Hosta plantaginea 'Royal Gem'. lemon 29. yellow yarrow Christmas fern scented-leaf geranium 10.Rosa damascena savory crispum. starsMaxima'. Stokes' aster 31. Rosmarinus officinalis. Anethum graveolens 23. verbena rose chive 11.Tagetes patula 'Petite Yellow'. pale 28. 52.Artemisia dracunculus var. lemon thyme 40.Digitalis grandiflora. 22.Origanum heracleoticum. purple basil Japanese holly 17. alpine currant 'Mariesii'.Teucrium chamaedrys. double white peony of-Persia 12. York-andLancaster rose 16. blue iris 9.Epimedium × versicolor Greek oregano Madonna lily 'Sulphureum'. green santolina 42. winter savory 44.Ribes alpinum. Louise'. columbine dwarf marigold 6. blue 27. sweet 51. shasta daisy woodruff pale yellow Darwin tulip 33. yellow 35. lavender 18. Achillea taygetea. Christmas 48.Helenium autumnale 'Riverton rosemary Gem'.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Satureja hortensis.Limonium latifolium.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. curly parsley 'Versicolor'.Salvia sclarea. French thyme 7. Dictamnus albus. 32.Lilium candidum.Polystichum acrostichoides. French tarragon 8.Platycodon grandiflorus 36. germander 39. lamb's-ears 49. 47. Campanula persicifolia. dill wishbone flower 5.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Tulipa 'Sweet Harmony'. 55. 53. 14.Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'. sweet marjoram 45. Iberis sempervirens 'Little 20. balloon flower angustifolia 'Munstead'.Pelargonium in variety.Santolina virens. 50. plantain lily 2. helenium 4.Ocimum basilicum 54.Iris × germanica 'Great peach-bells Lakes'.Origanum majorana. foxglove 'Purpurascens'. blue hyssop 43.

it confines the carpet bugleweed that softens the line of the wall. a retaining wall or walls are needed. The stone wall at the back of this garden is good background for the textures and colors of the herbs. It is highly unlikely that a plan could be conceived that would be workable or durable without this kind of preparation.< previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 On a Terraced Hillside When confronted with a hillside location for an herb garden. This wall and the holly hedge lend a feeling of enclosure on two sides of the garden. Flagstone paths used throughout unify the garden and related pool area. A bench alcove is located for the best overall view of the herb garden. An area nearly twelve square feet is gained this way to be used to better advantage as entry space. The entrance to the herb garden is enlarged by setting back the bed at the top of the steps from the house. as in this case. An air of spaciousness results from opening up the center in this manner. The edgings of thyme relieve the severity of the straight lines and right angles. Four rectangular beds are altered on their central corners to expand the area where the more narrow work paths intersect. < previous page page_32 next page > . While serving as a soil retainer. The other two are unenclosed for visibility from the house and pool area.

Galium odoratum.Iris pseudacorus. sweet 23. bee balm 24.Iris cristata.Alchemilla vulgaris. Borago officinalis. spearmint 41. Monarda didyma. lemon 22. . Landscape Architect. The number in each planting area is the key number. crispum. dwarf lavender crested iris 5.< previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. silver mound artemisia lemon thyme 2. Melissa officinalis.Solanum pseudocapsicum.A. lemon verbena 46.R. sweet balm Jerusalem cherry violet 3.Allium schoenoprasum.Aloysia triphylla.45. yellow ears fern-leaf tansy flag 6.Tanacetum vulgare var. lamb's25. 21.A. English 44.Mentha spicata. Ocimum basilicum.Viola odorata. sweet basil mantle woodruff 4. 1.Lavandula angustifolia. Stachys byzantina. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 42. lady's43. F.Thymus × citriodorus. borage 26.

Artemisia absinthium.Satureja hortensis.Ilex vomitoria 'Nana'. scented sage dwarf yaupon 19.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. Ajuga reptans. carpet bugleweed 8. sweet marjoram 28. 52.Origanum majorana. Porrum Group. rue 51.Allium tuberosum.Salvia officinalis. Rosmarinus officinalis. dill 34. orange mint 29.Cassia marilandica.Cercis canadensis 'Alba'.Petroselinum crispum var.Anethum graveolens. Proliferum Group.Dianthus caryophyllus. salad burnet 10. wild 39. garlic < previous page page_33 next page > .Allium cepa. savory sativa. costmary oregano thorny elaeagnus 14.Salvia elegans. catnip 50. horehound neapolitanum. 33.7.Petroselinum crispum var.Chrysanthemum balsamita. curly mint 30. Greek 53. curly parsley oak 17.Foeniculum vulgare.Allium ampeloprasum.Capsicum frutescens. 56.Marrubium vulgare.Mentha × piperita var.Ruta graveolens.Origanum heracleoticum. southernwood 31.Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'.Crataegus arkansana. fennel 35. pennyroyal 54.Artemisia dracunculus var.Elaeagnus pungens. 37.Cornus florida. mullein chive 47. absinthe English thyme 27.Allium sativum.Verbascum thapsus. myrtle 58. Egyptian onion 11. pink hawthorn 16. rosemary 9. Poterium sanguisorba. tabasco senna pepper 20.Rosa × rehderana.Vinca minor. summer 32. post crispum 'Banquet'. 57.Quercus stellata. 40. clove 55. French tarragon holly 13.Artemisia abrotanum. garlic chive 48. leek 49. Italian parsley white eastern redbud 18. citrata. pineapple38.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Nepeta cataria. garden sage 36.Mentha pulegium. polyantha rose 12. flowering dogwood 15.

However. A number of potted plants and hanging baskets requiring less sun spend summer in the two lathhouses. Although this is a northeast exposure. A relatively small portion of the area is used for herb plantings. All this protection makes possible a climate that supports an open-air kitchen atmosphere. sleep pillows. The kitchen and the garden room have splendid views of this pleasing design in its sheltered climate. < previous page page_34 next page > . it has a feeling of spaciousness because the pebbled area is so large. but it is more than adequate for potpourri. mothproofing bags. which are a good way to supply controlled shade. It is here that all preparation of vegetables from a large vegetable garden takes place and that herb harvest procedures are completed. It is a quarter of a circle that forms this designthis intimate herb garden and convenient outdoor kitchen and work center. and vinegars. Pebbled areas such as found here ensure use of fresh herbs even in rainy weather. inside corner of the housebordered by the kitchen on one side. the hemlock hedge and slight slope provide some weather relief from that direction.< previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 For an Outdoor Kitchen Work Center A sheltered. A useful dipping well makes a break in the long curved bed in front of the fence and hedge that enclose the back of the garden. a drying room and a garden room on the othermakes an ideal spot for an herb garden.

< previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 Massachusetts Edmund G. Landscape Architect . Wilcox.

tansy 16. 50.Levisticum officinale.Iris × germanica var. florentina.Artemisia abrotanum. lemon 18. winter 29.Tsuga canadensis. costmary 5.Calendula officinalis.Ocimum basilicum 27. lily leek 44.Allium sativum var.Tropaeolum minus. pot 28. Roman 20.Hyssopus officinalis . balm valerian 15. crispum.Allium moly.Allium schoenoprasum. daylily in variety 41. Proliferum Group. French gray santolina sorrel 8. peppermint geranium 40.Pelargonium × limoneum. bee balm 30. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. Lactuca. dwarf nasturtium 37. purple basil sage 11. Canada rose geranium hemlock 33. round-headed garlic 46. orris 17. sweet wormwood woodruff 4. 19. southernwood 9. Hallock'. lemon verbena 36.Rosmarinus officinalis. lettuce in variety 25. 23.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'.Artemisia dracunculus var. curly parsley lady's-mantle 3. lilac 32.Allium pulchellum 47.Allium cepa.The number in each planting area is the key number.Salvia officinalis.Alchemilla vulgaris. American rosemary arborvitae 34.Allium sphaerocephalum.Thuja occidentalis. burnet lovage 6.Syringa vulgaris 'Addie V.Galium odoratum.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's thyme Mammoth'. Thymus × citriodorus. sativa. Petroselinum crispum var.Hemerocallis.Agastache foeniculum. garden sage 2.Pelargonium graveolens. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. salad 22. lavender 7. anise hyssop 14. 21. Egyptian onion 42.Salvia oficinalis.Chrysanthemum silver mound artemisia balsamita. blue hyssop 35. Ruta graveolens. lemon 31.Salvia elegans. nutmeg geranium 39.Melissa officinalis. 24.Pelargonium tomentosum. 'Monge'. rue 26. spearmint angustifolia 'Hidcote'. Santolina chamaecyparissus. bay 48.Aloysia triphylla. 'President Poincare'. Poterium sanguisorba.Mentha spicata. 49.Tanacetum vulgare.Monarda didyma. dwarf savory garden sage 13. 1. Artemisia pontica.Pelargonium fragrans.Valeriana officinalis. marigold pineapple-scented sage 12. garden 'Purpurascens'.Rumex scutatus. French tarragon 10. chive 43.Satureja montana.Laurus nobilis. prostrate rosemary < previous page page_35 next page > . English finger-bowl geranium 38. ophioscorodon rocambole 45.

< previous page page_36 next page > . Each garden has a focal point with the knot of dwarf box a center of interest on the lowest level. Invasive. is the focus of the middle level. Unity is achieved by laying the brick paths and the herb house porch floor in the same basket-weave pattern and by using a natural-wood picket fence to enclose the entire herb garden. A simple knot. It is the size of this garden that makes possible the long sweeps of colora pleasing featureused throughout. A stone wall retains each level in this fifty-seven-foot-long garden. The highest level has a rectangular bed of lavender for its focal point. with its ribbons of hyssop and germander forming beds for saffron crocus to be followed by suitable annuals. The driftwood gray tone of the fence makes a splendid backdrop for all herbs.< previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 With Three Levels A site with three levels for an herb garden is almost an invitation to treat each level as a separate entity. The varied treatment of these centers of interest adds to the appeal of the total garden. shade-tolerant sweet cicely and sweet woodruff are purposely placed outside the fence at the white pine end of the herb garden where they cannot interfere with the design.

Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Marrubium vulgare.Salvia elegans. Valeriana officinalis. white thrift 24.Armeria maritima. Digitalis purpurea. sativa. summer savory 43. thyme 3. pineapple mint 22. bee balm 26. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. 1. foxglove 4. Thymus 'Long-leaf Gray'. Satureja montana 'Nana'. fennel 25. houseleek 45.Satureja hortensis.Foeniculum vulgare. horehound 46.Poterium sanguisorba.Artemisia dracunculus var. salad burnet 23.Monarda didyma. pineapplescented sage 47. valerian 5. French tarragon 44. golden thyme .Sempervivum tectorum.< previous page page_37 next page > Page 37 Pennsylvania Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. dwarf winter savory 2.

dyer's woad 7.Eranthis hyemalis.Helleborus niger.Agrimonia eupatoria.Alchemilla vulgaris. garden 42. Dictamnus albus.Sium sisarum. 40.Galium odoratum.Myrrhis odorata. lady'smarjoram mantle 9.Levisticum officinale.Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary 28.Anemone pulsatilla. 30.Foeniculum vulgare.Laurus nobilis. French thyme alpine strawberry 29. arcticus 55.Echium vulgare.Salvia officinalis. sweet 37. 54. pink 59.Ocimum basilicum.Dictamnus albus 'Rubra'. feverfew climbing rose 16. Madonna cicely lily 12. viper's 34.Symphytum officinale. China rose comfrey 19.Origanum majorana. angelica Lenten rose 10. 61. Salvia sclarea. lavender Christmas rose 11. sweet 32.Rosa 'Tausendschön'. pink 62. bay agrimony white-flowered sage 20.Helleborus orientalis. French'.Crocus sativus. marigold chive 15.Artemisia absinthium.Calendula officinalis.Ruta graveolens. white 58.Rosa chinensis.Allium schoenoprasum. absinthe 53.Lavandula angustifolia.Hyssopus officinalis. white creeping thyme aconite 14.6.Galium verum.Fragaria vesca 'Alpine'. annual clary 51.Thymus praecox subsp.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'. blue hyssop 57.Buxus sempervirens bedstraw fraxinella 'Suffruticosa'. woodruff hyssop moss rose 17. 38. Angelica archangelica.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. saffron bronze fennel purple basil crocus 13.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 49. fraxinella 8. skirret 60. Isatis tinctoria. germander 56.Teucrium chamaedrys. pot 35. parthenium. dwarf edging box 21. sweet 50.Hyssopus offcinalis 'Rosea'. eglantine pasqueflower hyssop 18. English 52.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. 39.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. winter bugloss 'Albus'. 33. yellow 41. rue 31.Rosa eglanteria. sweet basil sage 27.Salvia viridis. clary 48. lovage < previous page page_37 next page > .Lilium candidum.Chrysanthemum 36.

Thought needs to be given to their pruning. Carya ovata. even though space is limited. the size of the lot prohibits using only these for that purpose. Varying the treatment of the areas on each side of the central walk adds greatly to the interest in this garden. There is variety in this plan. may need lower branches removed to allow more sunlight into the garden.< previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 For a City Lot To have an herb garden on a smaller city lot may present a challenge. Thymes in variety ease the severe line of grass and walk. < previous page page_38 next page > . Old brick is used for paths to add its warmth of color and charm. and shrubs and trees are used for that advantage here. The trees and shrubs add dimensional contrast. Many ideas quite easily adapted to other situations are to be found in this herb garden of great appeal. and the shagbark hickory. The herb beds are raised and edged with brick and further edged with diverse trimmed herbs. Privacy is a chief concern in a metropolitan setting. and so a white board fence completes the enclosure. The Baltic ivy makes an arc that softens the severity of the squares and rectangles of the herb beds. However.

Landscape Architect .< previous page page_39 next page > Page 39 Pennsylvania William C. Paxton.

monkshood Asclepias tuberosa. Asarum canadense. silver UNDER HEMLOCK thyme Osmunda cinnamomea. winter savory BED IV Borago officinalis. orange mint maidenhair fern Linum usitatissimum. blue Hedera helix 'Baltica'. dyer's hemlock woad Mentha suaveolens. box Buxus sempervirens. aloe Lavandula angustifolia subsp. horehound French tarragon Ocimum basilicum. angelica Mondarda didyma. Aloysia triphylla. lavender ginger Lavandula dentata. crisp-leaved spearmint Mentha × gentilis. salad parsley burnet Monarda didyma. cinnamon Thymus × citriodorus. box Carya ovata. fraxinella Valeriana officinalis. rue Cornusflorida. butterfly weed Dictamnus albus. flax Buxus sempervirens. box Ruta graveolens. golden thyme Thymus herba-barona. yellow bedstraw Symphytum officinale. valerian Rosa damascena. cabbage rose Thymus 'Clear Gold'. absinthe comfrey Salvia officinalis. stewardsonii. shagbark BED II hickory Santolina chamaecyparissus. bloodroot BED VII Helleborus foetidus Stachys byzantina. Baltic ivy false indigo Tsuga canadensis. Artemisia absinthium. bee Allium pulchellum balm Allium neapolitanum. American holly BED X Angelica archangelica. sweet basil Satureja montana. French Galium odoratum. wormwood BED IX Myrrhis odorata. lemon verbena bugloss Aloe barbadensis. dogwood Salvia sclarea. citrata. rosemary Anchusa officinalis. sweet cicely Ajuga reptans. clary BED I BED III Teucrium chamaedrys. gray BED V santolina Santolina virens. chive Ilex opaca. blue hyssop BED VI BED VIII Fragaria 'Baron von Solemacher'. anise hyssop Artemisia camphorata.Arisaema triphyllum. green santolina Primula veris. damask rose BED XI Chrysanthemum parthenium. Canada Isatis tinctoria. betony Arisaema triphyllum subsp. red mint . perilla Artemisia schmidtiana. jack-in-the-pulpit Baptisia australis. camphorscented wormwood Nepeta mussinii. daffodil Narcissus in variety garlic Hedera helix. pot marigold Perillafrutescens. apple mint Mentha spicata 'Crispii'. carpet bugleweed Allium schoenoprasum. garden sage Artemisia dracunculus var. Adiantum pedatum.Galium verum. sativa. borage Petroselinum crispum. Marrubium vulgare. scentedleaf geranium Calendula officinalis. English ivy Buxus sempervirens. fern lemon thyme Sanguinaria canadensis. feverfew Chrysanthemum balsamita. bee balm Melissa officinalis. white snakeroot Rosa centifolia. germander Agastache foeniculum. Poterium sanguisorba. catmint Hyssopus officinalis. costmary Eupatorium rugosum. lamb's. alpine strawberry Pelargonium in variety. jack-in-thepulpit ears Stachys officinalis. cowslip Santolina pinnata Rosmarinus officinalis. lemon balm Aconitum napellus. sweet lavender woodruff Mentha × piperita var. wild angustifolia 'Hidcote'. caraway thyme Thymus 'Argenteus'.

bouncing Bet < previous page page_39 next page > .Saponaria oficinalis.

So this garden was planned with regard for the casual outline the slope created. A clump of birch here. a plan is needed as much as for any other type of garden. Ceramic plant markers add their appeal. Francisless than life-sizewas correctly placed in a rustic niche on a post to serve as a focal point. and lack of constraint dictated the paths and beds. unplanned look was desired. This herb garden is a good example of what can be done using imagination and ingenuity to create a design when given a set of unusual and unplanned-for circumstances. this excavation. and random riverstone paths work together to generate an impression of pleasing informality. a dipping pool there. A singular statue of St.< previous page page_40 next page > Page 40 In a Sunken Garden A sunken herb garden? It is an unlikely situation for herbs that are known to require good drainage if they are to thrive. < previous page page_40 next page > . too. An informal. It could be called an herb garden of serendipity. However. it is open on the side facing the house. The sloped sides enclose the herb garden and add interest with varied plant material in a range of foliage and texture. first intended for the construction of a cottage. For this appearance. Embraced on three sides by the slope resulting from the excavating. is on a sandy knoll.

< previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 Ontario Designed by Owner .

Vinca minor. 76. 8. 79. 1. 70.Tanacetum vulgare var. pot 66.Urginea maritima. gray scented sage santolina 4.Pelargonium 'Concolor Filbert'. Ruta graveolens.Pulmonaria officinalis.Origanum vulgare. rose bergamot valerian 25.Thymus herba-barona. pineapple3.Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar germander woolly yarrow Harbor'. 30.Monarda fistulosa. rue 29.Chrysanthemum 80. Thymus × citriodorus. sweet 71. Iris × germanica var.Rosa 'Merry England'. 68.Angelica archangelica.Satureja montana.Salvia elegans. French'. 78.The number in each planting area is the key number. 77. 52.Pelargonium tomentosum. horehound mallow foxglove 16.Allium favum lovage 22. lily-of-thesouthernwood valley 21. Sempervivum tectorum. apple mint 49.Pelargonium × citrosum 'Prince thyme coriander of Orange'.Poterium sanguisorba. thrift55. prostrate rosemary costmary 56. spearmint 45.Pelargonium denticulatum. 'Prostratus'. winter savory 20.Myrrhis odorata. eucalyptus-scented geranium 7. marjoram peppermint geranium arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Mentha × piperita.Hyssopus officinalis.Pelargonium graveolens. Artemisia dracunculusvar.Monarda didyma. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. myrtle 14.Mentha 'Eau de Cologne'.Marrubium vulgare. 32.Convallaria majalis.Allium schoenoprasum.Pelargonium odoratissimum.Digitalis grandiflora.Viola tricolor. 38.Origanum majorana.Chelidonium majus. lamb's-ears parsley 19. mint 50. woolly thyme 13.Mentha pulegium.Anethum graveolens. gillover-the-ground salad burnet 15. mother-of-thyme sweet marjoram Lemon Rose'.Digitalis purpurea.Nepeta cataria. 31. orris chamaecyparissus. red mint 48. garden sage lungwort 57. golden 37. purple basil 9. 12. 61. sea onion angelica 24.Glechoma hederacea. white birch English lavender parthenium. lemon houseleek dill geranium 6. pennyroyal 46.Santolina florentina. fern-leaf tansy 23.Pelargonium quercifolium.Mentha suaveolens. catnip 73.Levisticum officinale. 75. 34. 33.Pelargonium crispum.Armeria maritima. creeping juniper 26.Coriandrum sativum.Chrysanthemum balsamita. wild 43.Ocimum basilicum. 58. 65.Althaea officinalis. bee balm .Mentha spicata.Melissa officinalis.Mentha × gentilis. carpet bugleweed marjoram yellow foxglove 17. 72. rose silver mound artemisia larkspur geranium 5. lemon balm 44. Rosmarinus officinalis 28.Valeriana officinalis. 64. marsh 42. 53. 69.Consolida orientalis. French tarragon summer savory 'Clorinda'.Betula papyrifera. feverfew 27. blue 2. French thyme chervil filbert geranium 41. celandine cicely 18.Petroselinum crispum. wild 51. 63.Salvia officinalis. orange geranium 11.Stachys byzantina. Thymus praecox subsp. 36.Artemisia abrotanum.Ajuga reptans.Satureja hortensis. chive crispum. rose geranium 10. 74. 59. pine caraway thyme blue hyssop geranium 39. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.Achillea tomentosa.Pelargonium × domesticum sativa. peppermint 47.Lavandula angustifolia.Teucrium canadense. 67.Ocimum basilicum apple geranium thyme 'Purpurascens'.Anthriscus cerefolium.Thymus praecox subsp. lemon 35.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 40. oakEnglish thyme sweet basil leaved geranium 62.Thymus 'Clear Gold'.Origanum onites. Johnny-jump-up54.Pelargonium graveolens 'Rober's arcticus. 60.

< previous page page_41 next page > .

and an English hawthorn features the entrance without dominating it. A niche across from the smokehouse balances the entrance path to it and expands the entrance to the garden. handsomely enclosing the herb garden. The area devoted to a walkway is generous here. the accents of the six large box. < previous page page_42 next page > . A small plum tree provides light shade for herbs needing it. A boxlike effect is avoided by cutting the inside corner diagonally. made so by enlarging it to nearly forty-nine square feet as it changes direction. making it more a part of the herb garden. Foundation stone. Four large rosemary plants emphasize it nicely. Some of the more invasive herbs are prudently located outside the herb garden enclosure. is used for the wall. Edging of the beds adds to the air of roominess as thyme and Corsican mint place the dwarf edging box farther from the walk. the same as the smokehouse construction. They are clustered around the smokehouse. and the two small trees. there is appealing design to enjoy even in the months of winter dormancy. Because of the edging box. perhaps a gazebo or other structure could be built and an herb garden related to itplaced in the sun for advantage.< previous page page_42 next page > Page 42 For an 1850 Smokehouse If a smokehouse doesn't exist. Interest is created by varying the outline of the walk of flagstones with brick and by edging it.

Landscape Architect.L. A.A.S.< previous page page_43 next page > Page 43 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. .

Tanacetum vulgare var. European ginger 4. horned English lavender mantle violet 7. crownbasil savory imperial 11. balsamita. sweet 37.Clematis lanuginosa 'Alba'.Satureja montana. 44. lovage 46. balm citrata. plum white hyssop southernwood 16. English 'Minimum'. 'Purpurascens'. 41.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. box 'Citriodorum'. Madonna savory peppermint lily 10.Pulmonaria officinalis. white 23.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. Rosmarinus officinalis. 40.38.costmary white foxglove white clematis 13 Monarda didyma.Angelica archangelica.Allium giganteum.Prunus domestica. 1.Crataegus laevigata.Levisticum officinale. Pelargonium graveolens. lemon 34. fraxinella 17. 27.Aloysia triphylla.Ocimum basilicum. blue angelica lungwort 20. 35. Origanum majorana.Artemisia frigida. Symphytum officinale. winter 42. pineapple mint 18. Lavandula angustifolia.Crocus.Buxus sempervirens.Ocimum basilicum 32.Artemisia abrotanum. fern-leaf tansy wormwood 12.Galium odoratum. orange mint 19. lady's. sweet 26.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Mentha × piperita var. 47. Johnny-jumprose geranium in pots woodruff up 6. 39.Mentha spicata. lemon basil 15.Viola tricolor.Allium schoenoprasum. verbena English thyme 5. rosemary 3.Alchemilla vulgaris.Fritillaria imperialis. chive comfrey curly mint 8. fringed 43. sweet marjoram 2.Chrysanthemum 28. 31.Viola cornuta 'Alba'.Melissa officinalis. Dictamnus albus. bush basil hawthorn < previous page page_43 next page > . 22.Artemisia dracunculus var. Corsican 33.Lilium candidum. dwarf edging box 14. spearmint 48. Asarum europaeum.Ocimum basilicum 30. French tarragon ornamental onion 9. summer 25. Satureja hortensis.The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil sativa. Ocimum basilicum 24.Mentha × piperita.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'.Mentha requienii. lemon 36.Mentha suaveolens mint 'Variegata'. 21. species in variety crispum.Hyssopus officinalis 'Alba'.Myrrhis odorata. bee balm 29. sweet cicely45.

Stepping stones allow access to millstones in each plan and are compatible with the entrance walk and porch paving. Ever-Green In a departure from the usual. although it is ample at four feet. Lowgrowing. a soil retainer. is especially useful when there are a number of potted plants to be watered. pink of Dianthus.< previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Using Ever-Gray. The Christmas rose in a more protected spot near the house and the witch hazel afford blooms during the seasons when other plant material is dormant. This hedge. Instead. a palette of the purple of Heliotropium. < previous page page_44 next page > . this kitchen entrance is not devoted primarily to culinary herbs. the dwarf box edging. Noteworthy is the intensive use of space. Balance is achieved in the ever-green garden with two millstones circled with a variety of appropriate plantings. too. The dwarf box edging thus set back from the entrance walk still accents it and helps to enclose the gardens. two specimen shrubs. This is true also of the stone curbing. arranged for convenience with a trough filling it from the sill cock. The dipping bowl. Plant stands are half-circles and with the round millstones relieve the rectangular shapes in the plan. and millstones contribute to a design of appeal in winter. accomplished by interplantings that make the most of and extend the growing season. creeping thymes in variety soften the rigid line of the curbing and effect a widening of the walk. Either of these two plans could be used alone for a smaller garden. Bayberry makes a splendid background for the ever-green garden. and lavender of Lavandula with foliage of grays and greens highlights its asymmetrical treatment.

A.< previous page page_45 next page > Page 45 Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Landscape Architect. .L.A.S.

Lilium candidum. woolly thyme woodruff snowdrop 14.Dicentra spectabilis.Thymus × citriodorus. 56.Teucrium canadense. spearmint 48. marjoram crocus 7.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Narcissus triandrus var.Pelargonium in variety. catmint 35. American 38. golden thyme41. dwarf lavender basil crocus 6.Allium giganteum angelica 11.Sternbergia lutea.The number in each planting area is the key number.Crocus tomasinianus. 43. caraway thyme albus.Santolina virens. white creeping thyme lovage 10.Thymus praecox subsp.Galium odoratum. 26. white 42.Rosmarinus officinalis miniature daffodil germander 'Prostratus'. 45. black cohosh windflower 15. 2. lily. 51. witch hazel scented-leaf dwarf geranium 21.Allium karataviense Christmas rose 12. sweet 47. 53.Mentha × piperita. lemon 33.Helleborus lividus subsp.Convallaria majalis.Hamamelis virginiana. Santolina chamaecyparissus.Myrica pensylvanica. 'Lanuginosus'. gray 22. Salvia officinalis.Thymus herba-barona.Nepeta mussinii. tulip citrata.Mentha spicata.Pelargonium in variety.Borago officinalis. Madonna 63. winter santolina foxglove daffodil 23. verbena snowflake 19. orange mint 8. green santolina 37. borage 31. 52. 1. arcticus 30. 36.Crocus speciosus 'Albus'. arcticus 34.Ocimum basilicum. sweet 27.Salvia sclarea. 61.57.Angelica archangelica. cheddar pink yellow foxglove crocus 4.Endymion hispanicus heliotrope of-the-valley 'Alba'. 49. 44.Dianthus plumarius 'Essex witch'.Crocus angustifolius. cottage pink scented-leaf geranium bayberry 62.Hyssopus officinalis 'Albus'.Levisticum officinale. Thymus doerfleri. 46. dwarf edging box < previous page page_45 next page > .Crocus speciosus. Stachys byzantina.Allium rosenbachianum 'Albus'.Crocus kotschyanus. rue25. Ruta graveolens 'Blue Beauty'. lamb's-ears 28. Compactus'. prostrate rosemary 18. Thymus praecox subsp. Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Buxus sempervirens hyssop lily 'Suffruticosa'. 50. Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Nanus 24. angel's-tears 59.Aloysia triphylla. dwarf garden sage bleeding heart crocus 3.Tulipa clusiana.Galanthus nivalis. starsthyme corsicus of-Persia 13.Mertensia virginica.Digitalis grandiflora. Spanish bluebell 16.Anemone blanda. thyme 29.Helleborus niger.Heliotropium arborescens. Origanum majorana. 20.Cimicifuga racemosa. 40.Allium christophii. 58. crocus Virginia bluebells 5. sweet 55.Tulipa kaufmanniana. lemon 60.Mentha × piperita var. 54. 17. winter savory 39. peppermint water-lily tulip 9.Thymus 'Clear Gold'. angustifolia 'Nana'.Satureja montana.Narcissus asturiensis.Leucojum aestivum. clary 32.

the site was given an eastern exposure so that daylong use is comfortable. The brick pattern of the terrace is herringbone. This is an altogether pleasing and serviceable herb garden. late afternoon heat is tempered by shade from the house and the Washington hawthorn. First. Views of the herb garden from the expanse of windows of the kitchen and the dining room are enjoyed in all seasons. enclosing the garden with a yew hedge three feet high created an outdoor room and afforded a surprise for newcomers. This is an optical illusion demonstrated below. its pattern not apparent because the side of the brick is laid square with the edges of the planting beds. Morning sun warms it early. Fruiting shrubs and trees for this area and the remainder of the grounds were selected with birds in mind. Edging material creates ''boxes" that border the brick terrace. very livable and profoundly satisfying. Second. The succession plantings in these provide masses of color for the growing season. The garden's existence is not obvious until the visitor has nearly reached the front entrance of the house. There were blueprints of the house at hand to assure the proper relationship of plan to house. Accent plants are used to extend the months of visibility of the design. Herbs can be tended or harvested any time. for the brick paving makes the garden accessible soon after a shower. The results have been most satisfying. Herringbone brick patterns < previous page page_46 next page > .< previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 With a Brick Terrace Uncommonly. this herb garden was designed before the house was built.

Origanum heracleoticum. absinthe sativa.Crocus sieberi.Allium neapolitanum. woolly thyme 3. wild celery 42. sweet basil 23. 1. . leek 46. A.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.L. lemon 21.Artemisia dracunculus var.Salvia sclarea.S. 26. Artemisia absinthium 24.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 2. garden sage 4.A. Porrum Group. Ocimum basilicum. French tarragon 5. Beauty'.Artemisia lactiflora. 25. Landscape Architect. white Greek oregano mugwort 6. English thyme 43.Salvia officinalis. rue arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. marigold 41. The number in each planting area is the key number. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Tagetes 'Lulu'. 'Lambrook Silver'. Thymus × citriodorus. clary thyme 22.Tulipa tarda.< previous page page_47 next page > Page 47 Ohio Lucile Teeter Kissack.Apium graveolens. tulip 45.Allium ampeloprasum. Thymus praecox subsp. crocus 44.

Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Achillea filipendula 60.Sambucus canadensis rosemary 'Acutiloba'. curly parsley 20.Santolina virens.foxglove 7. red currant gray santolina 13.Digitalis grandiflora. yarrow Washington hawthorn < previous page page_47 next page > .Allium schoenoprasum. pale 49. viola holly 18. green nicotiana Baltic ivy 12. lamb's-ears 52. weed chive 48. fraxinella 36. American elderberry 15.Galium mollugo.Nicotiana alata 'Affinis'. 39. sweet violet daffodil garlic 27.Viburnum plicatum Snow'. alpine 28.Nepeta × faassenii.Viola cornuta 'Scottish 57. butterfly 47.Stachys byzantina.Aconitum napellus.Petroselinum crispum var.Monarda didyma 'Snow 35.Levisticum officinale. Robert verbena Brydon'. sweet 37. 29. lemon 50.Dictamnus albus. santolina 'Coronation Gold'. 32.Aloysia triphylla. Viola odorata.Allium senescens var.Rosmarinus officinalis. lovage 34.Cornus florida.Lobularia maritima 'Carpet of 33. dwarf sweet alyssum 14.Crataegus phaenopyrum.Asclepias tuberosa. white evergreen azalea 16. lobelia Sherbert'.Lobelia siphilitica. crab hyssop white nicotiana 59. pink 30.Nicotiana alata 'Green 51. yellow 55. 56.Rhododendron 'Marie's White'. green 40. monkshood upright yew 17.Hyssopus officinalis.Ilex opaca.Ribes sativum. bee balm foxglove Choice'. English lavender yellow dwarf nasturtium moonflower 10.Ipomoea alba.Origanum majorana.Hedera helix 'Baltica'.Clematis 'Mrs. 8.Artemisia camphorata. dogwood 19. white strawberry bedstraw glaucum 9.Taxus × media 'Kelseyi'. Fragaria vesca 'Rugen'. blue 38.Tropaeolum minus. camphor-scented wormwood crispum 'Paramount'. catmint 53.Dianthus × allwoodii. American marjoram Yellow'. clematis 11. great 31. 58. 54.Malus hupehensis.

< previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 A Touch of Formality < previous page page_49 next page > .

an impression of Sol in it. are raised with bricks on edge. The four herb beds. A perennial border and shrubs and small trees afford a feeling of enclosure while located at a discreet distance. Well-drained as they are. Design plan of herb garden area < previous page page_50 next page > . A variation of sunburst brick pattern makes an interesting walk circling the focal point and shows how different brick patterns can meet in a pleasing fashion. Repetition of the toolhouse form and the slate walk leading from that structure to the herb garden help give that impression. these beds situated in full sun provide an abundance of herbs for many uses. Or it may have been done in lieu of relating the garden directly to the toolhouse or some other structure. repeats again the octagonal form. created by the four brick paths of basket-weave pattern. A birdbath of copper. The design plan illustrates how an herb garden placed in full sun and away from a structure can be made to give an illusion of being related. even though the growing area is not extensive.< previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 In Octagonal Form It may have been a natural impulse to repeat pleasing lines that prompted the re-creation of the octagonal form of the toolhouse in the design of this garden of herbs.

< previous page page_51 next page > Page 51 Pennsylvania .

French 26.Petroselinum crispum var. Artemisia abrotanum. rosemary 33. curly mint 3. heliotrope 31. lavender pine geranium chive 13. gray 'Prince of Orange'.Pelargonium odoratissimum. Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa. angustifolia. 42.Rosmarinus officinalis. Anethum graveolens.Aloysia triphylla. 28.Heliotropium arborescens.Ruta graveolens.Lavandula angustifolia. catmint 6. Semple.Pelargonium crispum. garlic English lavender rose geranium chive 14.Salvia sclarea. crispum.Marrubium vulgare. sweet basil 22.Thymus × citriodorus. lavender 15. curly parsley 32. golden variegated garden sage 38. Artemisia absinthium.Allium schoenoprasum.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. absinthe 20. 1. rue 35. lemon 30.Salvia oficinalis 'Tricolor'. clove pink 10. 43. orange santolina geranium 11.Pelargonium × citrosum chamaecyparissus. thyme salad burnet 40.Mentha × piperita. purple basil 24. apple geranium angustifolia 'Munstead'. sweet woodruff 9.Allium tuberosum.Pelargonium graveolens. prostrate rosemary 34. purple variegated garden sage 36.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. variegated garden sage 37. spearmint southernwood 5. 27.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. dill 18.Ocimum basilicum. English thyme horehound 2. lemon 39.Salvia officinalis.Pelargonium tomentosum.Nepeta mussinii. 29. Stachys byzantina.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. lamb's-ears 17.Mentha spicata. Dianthus caryophyllus 'Snowflake'.Thymus praecox subsp. clary 21.Lavandula dentata.Mentha spicata 'Crispii'.Poterium sanguisorba.Pelargonium denticulatum. bush basil 23.Santolina 25. Galium odoratum. white creeping thyme 12. French tarragon 7. 19. lavender geranium arcticus 'Albus'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. lemon 41.Joan E. Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. 16.Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. peppermint 4. silver mound artemisia 8.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. verbena peppermint geranium < previous page page_51 next page > .

Brick could be used in place of the stone for the retaining wall. if neither is available. There are a number of plants suitable for such use. rose. arcticus would do nicely in the area allowed for grass. this strictly symmetrical planalthough smallis full of possibilities for adaptation and substitutions to fit the interests and circumstances of the individual. or a garage wall may serve as a background instead of a holly hedge. and lantana are a few. The standards in tubs make an important contribution to the structure of the design. too. flagstone or brick could be usedthe latter laid in a pattern of interest. Grindstones may be more easily found than millstones.< previous page page_52 next page > Page 52 With Herbs and a Small Pool Originally designed for an exhibit at a fair. rose geranium. < previous page page_52 next page > . In a warm climate Myrtus communis with a white picket fence could be an alternative. One of several cultivars of Thymus praecox subsp. lemon verbena. A suitable fence. a toolhouse. A birdbath may replace the pool. This is a symmetrical plan sure to please when a touch of formality is desired for a small herb garden.

< previous page page_53 next page > Page 53 Ohio .

Ocimum basilicum 'Lambrook Silver'.S. lemon thyme 20. zonal geranium 19. green 12. rosemary arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Pelargonium capitatum 'Attar of Roses'.Pelargonium × hortorum 'Jubilee'. crispum. Landscape Architect.Aloysia triphylla. lemon 10. 1. 7.Pelargonium frutetorum. lavender 3. rosescented geranium 17. holly < previous page page_53 next page > . absinthe 'Minimum'. 9. white creeping thyme 2.Thymus praecox subsp.Santolina virens.Heliotropium arborescens. woolly thyme 15.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. zonal geranium 18.L. Thymus praecox subsp.Ilex opaca 'Rotunda'.Thymus × citriodorus. geranium 16. The number in each planting area is the key number. purple basil angustifolia 'Munstead'. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. A.Tanacetum vulgare var.Origanum majorana. bush basil 5.Artemisia absinthium 11.Chenopodium botrys. heliotrope 21.Pelargonium × blandfordianum. arcticus 'Albus'.Chamaemelum nobile. gray santolina chamomile 14. fern-leaf tansy 8. sweet santolina marjoram 6. 13.Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.Rosmarinus officinalis. verbena ambrosia 4.A.

a sundial. In a cold climate even the rigors of winter contribute beauty. Judicious use of shrubs×lilac. While most of the culinary herbs have been planted in the vegetable garden here. and coltsfoot are only a few of them. artemisias. As the snows melt. the design is clearly traced. Design plane of herb garden < previous page page_54 next page > .< previous page page_54 next page > Page 54 For Year-Round Beauty Specialized interests in medicine and pharmacy influenced the choice of plant material in this herb garden. The dwarf box frames the focal point. and lavenderfor accent gives character to the design. Hyssop hedges define the circles. a deep mauve to others. Box and holly enclose it all. Wise planning relegated the largest and invasive herbs to the borders and cutting gardens. but the design itself has endured forty years. Not to be overlooked is the unusual brick pattern and the manner in which it is merged with stepping stones used in the central area. Angelica. box. The few changes made were effected only after viewing from the window of the barn loft studio. At times the herbs used in the central circles were varied. The germander and santolina edgings repeat the pleasing arcs. mints. apothecary's rose. It is an herb garden particularly structured for year-round beauty. but it is developed by constructing three circles as illustrated in the drawing. At first this pleasing shape appears elliptical. bringing a burnished-bronze cast to some herbs. These can easily obliterate a design. spring-flowering bulbs have been used to round out the year's enjoyment of the herb garden.

< previous page page_55 next page > Page 55 Rhode Island .

Reseda luteola.Stachys byzantina.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'. white 66.Thymus praecox subsp. lamb's-ears 33. rue 23.Pulmonaria officinalis. white creeping thyme French'. bush basil nettle orpine 4. skirret 53.Arisaema dracontium. perilla 51. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. pot bergamot marjoram 7. weld 54.Helleborus niger. southernwood 2. chamomile 31.Melissa officinalis. nasturtium 28. germander 43. Tropaeolum majus. lady's-mantle 46.Sedum telephium.Taxus.Chrysanthemum curly mint parthenium.Helleborus orientalis. Dianthus caryophyllus.Pyrus communis.Monarda fistulosa. crimson creeping thyme 18.Iris pallida 'Dalmatica'.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Vitis.Astrantia major. sweet 27.Valeriana officinalis. orris 57.Armeria maritima.Artemisia abrotanum dragon 'Tangerine'. grape fennel 19.30. Origanum majorana.Teucrium chamaedrys. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'.Sium sisarum. rosemary 25.Tanacetum vulgare var. 55.Paeonia officinalis. Satureja montana. florentina. absinthe 34. dwarf edging box 21.Buxus sempervirens.Asarum europaeum. sweet European ginger cicely 3. dyer's woad 9.Lamium album. houseleek Lenten rose 11. 26. pear < previous page page_55 next page > . white dead 49. 'Albus'. blue 50. sweet woodruff45. Chamaemelum nobile.Ruta graveolens 'Blue 68.Sempervivum tectorum.Mentha spicata 'Crispata'. apothecary's rose lavender 20. Canadian burnet 13. 65. winter savory 32.Thymus praecox subsp.Alchemilla vulgaris. fern-leaf tansy 5.Allium schoenoprasum.Artemisia absinthium. alpine 60. 56. marjoram lungwort crispum. yew Beauty'. woolly thyme camphor-scented wormwood pseudonarcissus.Galium odoratum. garden sage Christmas rose 10. santolina lady's-mantle lemon balm 15.Iris × germanica var. French thyme Madonna lily 16. leaf geranium French lavender 8.Thymus praecox subsp.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba'.Asclepias tuberosa. green.Alchemilla alpina. wild 52.Lavandula angustifolia.Santolina neapolitana 36. 1. valerian 6. thrift 41.Hyssopus officinalis.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Narcissus 'Lanuginosus'.Symphytum officinale. arcticus 38. green santolina 24. Graham. butterfly weed35.Buxus sempervirens comfrey 'Suffruticosa'. 62. scented. 58. English lavender chive 'Coccineus'. Pelargonium in variety. daffodil 17.Perillafrutescens. piney 44. lilac 70.James D. feverfew 14. Rosmarinus officinalis.47.Foeniculum vulgare. orris box 22. 67.Isatis tinctoria. 48.Lavandula dentata.Lilium candidum.Artemisia camphorata.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 61.Origanum onites. arcticus 39. clove pink 29.Myrrhis odorata. blue hyssop 42.Syringa.63. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. 59. Santolina virens. masterwort 69. arcticus 40. bronze 64. gray 37.Sanguisorba English lavender canadensis.Helleborus atrorubens 12.

Rosa 'Albertine'. The large. Bordered and clipped as they are in the fashion of a parterre. They are small specialty beds. and gold that open to coppery-pink blooms that are intensely fragrant.< previous page page_56 next page > Page 56 A Hint of Parterre Looking for something differentan out-of-the-ordinary plan? It appears at first glance that a formal garden quite in balance has been planned. pink. the main axis path is widened to accommodate a birdbath. interest is maintained with a standard of rose geranium. Care would have to be a major consideration for this large garden. diverse in the herbs that are planted in them. In addition to the brick edging around each. The brick edging around each bed is a help. Beds of such diverse shapes as found here create interest in themselves. However. This device and the dry stone wall at the courtyard combine to create the feeling of an enclosure. The roses in this garden are noteworthy "old roses." and the stone wall makes a fine background for the rambler. an assortment of herbs trimly finishes them. Again the path is expanded where two paths intersect to make room for this standard. At the top of the steps. At an appropriate distance farther along this path. include this one. this design is best viewed looking down from the windows of the house. rising from the courtyard. but no panacea for the maintenance required. Grass walks to be mowed and trimmed and herb edgings to be clipped contribute their demands. If there is room for only one rambler rose. even without the added features of a greenhouse and hotbeds. with buds of red. on the right are extra beds that add a touch of asymmetry. crescent-shaped bed at the back of the herb garden holds the beds together. This creates two identical beds of unusual shape on either side. < previous page page_56 next page > .

Satureja montana. 22.Melissa officinalis. Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'. bush basil 43. foxglove 39. garden sage 40.Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. tansy Bois'.Salvia officinalis 'Albiflora'.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. Fragaria vesca 'Fraises des 21. 1. borage angustifolia 'Munstead'.Rheum rhabarbarum. winter savory 41. caraway 24. subsp.Thymus × citriodorus. Landscape Designer The number in each planting area is the key number. Carum carvi.< previous page page_57 next page > Page 57 New Jersey Barbara Capen.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. English thyme . rhubarb 2.Tanacetum vulgare. alpine strawberry 3.Borago officinalis. lemon balm 42. 23. angelica 20. pineapple mint lemon thyme 5. Lavandula angustifolia. lavender 4. Angelica archangelica.

Artemisia dracunculus 44.Tagetes filifolia.R. centifolia. French tarragon crispum 'Bravour'.Lavandula dentata. French'. French thyme verbena hybrid perpetual 52.Laurus nobilis.R. Thymus 'Argenteus'. 29. Pelargonium graveolens.Anethum graveolens 47. rocket larkspur horehound burnet 8. dill 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'.Chrysanthemum.Salvia elegans. bay marjoram variegated garden sage 19. marguerite chive 9.Chrysanthemum balsamita. sweet 37. crested moss germander marigold rose 13.Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salet'.Calendula officinalis.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'. hybrid chrysanthemum in variety perpetual rose 11. rose 28. prostrate rosemary 16.Pelargonium. clove pink Mammoth'.'Baronne Prevost'. musk rose 12.Origanum majorana. 49.Dianthus Victoria'. borboniana 'La Reine 14.R.R.R.Marrubium vulgare. pineapple34. garden sage < previous page page_57 next page > . 36. bourbon rose lavender gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies'. Mexican tea 18. moss rose scented sage 'Prostratus'.R. muscosa 15. moschata 'Bishop variety summer savory Darlington'. 'Frau Karl Druschki'.R. 31.Satureja hortensis. pot 50.Chenopodium 55. thyme frutescens. salad 7. 54. bourbon rose 10.Chrysanthemum 46. Irish-lace 48. centifolia var.Teucrium chamaedrys.Dianthus caryophyllus 38. blue hyssop 25.Aloysia triphylla. 56.sativa. 45. cheddar pink 53. silver 27. Hyssopus officinalis. curly parsley 26.'Albertine'.Salvia officinalis 'Holt's 'Snowflake'. French 33. rambler rose costmary ambrosioides. Consolida ambigua. var.Rosa × borboniana geranium 'Bouquet'.Poterium sanguisorba.R.Allium schoenoprasum. 35.6. centifolia 'Cristata'. citrata.Petroselinum crispum var.Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'. orange mint marigold cabbage rose 17. geranium in 30.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf 32. lemon 51.Mentha × piperita var.

Semicircular bands of green accented with potted standards of purple heliotrope reinforce the symmetrical look and make arcs to soften the straight lines and angles. too. Balance is augmented. < previous page page_58 next page > . The yellow of viola early in the growing season and later the yellow of marigolds provide color and contrast that emphasize the balance and the pattern. Laid in an unusual pattern. by the dwarf box and dwarf ninebark hedge on each side of this plan. and the access to it is surfaced with brick. as it should be. Beautifully precise and symmetrical. Symmetry was achieved with almost identical plots of herbs on either side of the steps from the terrace where the path is widened at their base. A stone curb secures the bricks and retains the beds.< previous page page_58 next page > Page 58 In Precise Symmetry This essentially culinary herb garden is sure to be used ofteneven during inclement weather. It is good planning that creates an herb garden to utilize the space between the terrace and the driveway with one path to serve two purposes. the design of the brick is one often used in old Spanish gardens. It is near the house. this herb garden requires regular clipping to maintain its pattern.

< previous page page_59 next page > Page 59 Ohio .

English thyme signet marigold 11.Allium schoenoprasum.Lucile Teeter Kissack.Thymus praecox subsp.Lobularia maritima 'Purple Carpet'.Heliotropium arborescens.Rosa 'Mme Louis Leveque'. gray 15. arcticus 'Albus'. blue hyssop 13. English'. 24. 21. The number in each planting area is the key number. Rosmarinus officinalis. rosemary yellow viola 10.Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.Aloysia triphylla.Origanum majorana. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina chamaecyparissus. 19. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.A.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box 8. 23. green 22. A.Hyssopus officinalis.Ocimum basilicum. white creeping thyme 4.Poterium sanguisorba.Physocarpus opulifolius sweet alyssum sweet marjoram 'Nanus'. Landscape Architect.Paeonia lactiflora 'Festiva salad burnet Maxima'. garden summer savory forget-me-not 12. 17.Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lulu'.S. santolina moss rose 7. sweet basil 14. 20.Satureja hortensis. dill 9.Anethum graveolens. double white peony 5.Viola lutea 'Splendens'.Buxus sempervirens santolina garden sage 'Suffruticosa'. 16. lavender 2.Myosotis sylvatica. heliotrope 3. chive lemon verbena 6.Salvia officinalis.L. dwarf ninebark < previous page page_59 next page > .

The trim look of clipped germander and the brick edging form the arcs that soften the square. and the grape arbor. Herbs. and their arbor contribute their own particularly pleasing shadow patterns. The apple trees in each far corner provide welcome shade during summer. A birdbath circled with lavender is the center of interest within this focal point and adds to the softening effect. and a comfortable. A generous expanse of grass sets the focal point apart from a periphery of herb beds. the fence with roses. selected for their contrasting leaf textures and colors. The grape vines. and scented-leaf geraniums serve as accents in the garden. The pattern is symmetrically geometric. potted lemon verbena. Huge tubs of aged rosemary shrubs. Eight dwarf box accent the corner entrances to this tapestrylike focal point. too. were used with bricks to create the design adaptation. < previous page page_60 next page > . This is a feature often overlooked when planning for small trees near the herb garden. The design of this square was inspired by an old French tapestry. The entrance to this raised garden is fortified with a box hedgea fountain tucked into a curve of it. Just as important is the interesting skeleton tracery of their branches on the snow in winter. winter pruned. it can have another garden twenty-six feet square for its focal point. This is an appealing feature adding interest to the view from the house. Enclosure of all is effected by a stone wall. well-designed bench encircles the trunk of one tree.< previous page page_60 next page > Page 60 With a Tapestrylike Focal Point If a garden area is large enough. The brick patterns used here merge tastefully.

< previous page page_61 next page > Page 61 Design plan of herb garden .

lady's-mantle Rosa 'Dame Edith Helen'. flax verbena in pots at intervals angelica Filipendula vulgaris. monkshood bluestar toothed cinquefoil Rosa wichuraiana × laevigata Lamium maculatum 'Album'. purple variegated garden sage 4. BED II germander BED IV 2. Galium odoratum. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Teucrium chamaedrys.Connecticut Vera Breed. rocket BED III Artemisia pontica. valerian lungwort foxglove Potentilla tridentata. Stachys byzantina. Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'. deep crimson me-not mallow Alchemilla vulgaris. Nepeta faassenii 'Six Hills BED I . dwarf crested iris Aconitum napellus. lemon Linum perenne. BED VII Knot Garden Rosmarinus officinalis. Roman larkspur wormwood Isatis tinctoria. green Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. Iris cristata. Valeriana officinalis. conical yew rosemary 1. sweet cicely Consolida ambigua. 3. climbing rose spotted dead nettle Anchusa officinalis. alkanet Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'.Amsonia tabernaemontana. conical yew 'Silver Moon'. dyer's woad Angelica archangelica. Taxus × media 'Hatfieldii'. Aloysia triphylla. garden forgetRosa 'Etoile de Hollande'. rosemary woodruff Levisticum officinale. catmint santolina Santolina chamaecyparissus. BED VI Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'. pure rose-pink Rosmarinus officinalis. marsh climbing rose. lamb's-ears Santolina virens. three. Althaea officinalis. Nepeta mussinii. moss rose Myosotis sylvatica. dropwort Pulmonaria officinalis. lovage Myrrhis odorata. sweet climbing rose.

salad Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. BED V germander Artemisia stellerana. lemon Anemone hybrida. tuberosa 6. comfrey rosemary Melissa officinalis. beach Marrubium vulgare. Sempervivum. Delphinium × belladonna.gray santolina Poterium sanguisorba. scented-leaf geranium chamomile Teucrium chamaedrys. blue false poppy indigo Chrysanthemum parthenium. Thymus × citriodorus. plume Baptisia australis. wormwood horehound Symphytum officinale. lavender 10. pink bee balm Rosa chinensis 'Minima'. Buxus sempervirens 'Myosotidifolia'. sweet Lavandula angustifolia. creeping thyme in variety 8. Rosmarinus officinalis. marjoram English lavender Pelargonium in variety. catmint 5. lemon thyme 9. Japanese balm anemone Macleaya cordata. dwarf box < previous page page_61 next page > . Chamaemelum nobile. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Thymus. burnet silver mound artemisia Origanum majorana. Nepeta tuberosa subsp. fairy rose Giant'. angustifolia 'Munstead'. feverfew larkspur Monarda didyma 'Croftway Pink'. houseleek in variety 7.

and bright green in the herb beds. and box of deep green color are excellent for contrast with the varying shades of gray. magnolia. Herbs. silver. The steps from the terrace lead to paths of old and worn rosecolored brick. This herb garden is enclosed with a wall of uncommon design. the center ellipse was ringed with gray santolina. perhaps repeating the curve of the oval. grew too large. Detail of brick will and iron fence < previous page page_62 next page > . Ivy.< previous page page_62 next page > Page 62 For a Williamsburg Air In a climate where summers are hot and humid. its detail is shown below. myrtle. or it may have been a mislabeled cultivar. A newer cultivar of more restrained growth will take its place. planted in bands across these beds. this was replaced with ''edging" box. an impression of greenery and cool fragrances may be desired. The pattern of the brick complements the center of interest. and its oval form results in beds of unusual shape. The accent plants are placed with thought for the months when much of the herbaceous material is dormant. blue green. tend to broaden the width of the garden. if desired. Another angle could be tried with these. Of brick and unpretentious ironwork. Either it flourished too well. When this garden was designed a quarter of a century ago. A truly dwarf edging box will let the design as a whole be better seen from the terrace. Later. holly.

< previous page page_63 next page > Page 63 Virginia .

spearmint 42. arcticus 'Albus'. Ruta graveolens.Vinca minor. thyme 38.Magnolia grandiflora.Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French'. white creeping thyme 41. English thyme chamomile 2. Ocimum basilicum 24.Melissa officinalis.Rosmarinus officinalis. winter 'Purpurascens'. 1. tansy 45.Artemisia dracunculus var. rue 20. 25. nasturtium nutmeg geranium 5.Pelargonium × nervosum. purple garden sage 7.Thymus herba-barona.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Origanum majorana. silver golden garden sage thyme 9. 'Minimum'. 28.Ilex opaca. dwarf 21. 32 Anthriscus cerefolium. lemon 46.Laurus nobilis. French tarragon 'Suffruticosa'. 49.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. bee balm30. sweet 34. gray santolina 15.Thymus praecox subsp. lovage 48.Buxus sempervirens sorrel sativa.Levisticum officinale. sweet woodruff 36.Myrica pensylvanica. Tropaeolum minus.Poterium sanguisorba. bayberry balm thyme 13. 33. ears rose geranium 3.Tanacetum vulgare.Thymus doerfleri. lime geranium 4.Rumex scutatus.Marrubium vulgare. borage 26. 44. silver-king artemisia 23.Pelargonium fragrans.Buxus sempervirens 14. box chamaecyparissus. American holly 31. lemon 29. lamb's. dwarf edging box 11.Galium odoratum.Mentha suaveolens. bush basil albula. Stachys byzantina. horehound germander 17. Salvia officinalis 'Aurea'. purple basil savory 35.Teucrium chamaedrys. 6. Ocimum basilicum 22. thyme 37. salad 43. caraway thyme 40.Thymus 'Argenteus'.Mentha spicata.Monarda didyma. English'. myrtle 47. English ivy burnet 10. Borago officinalis. apple marjoram mint < previous page page_63 next page > .Hedera helix. French 27. southern English lavender chervil magnolia 16. French thyme 39.Satureja montana.Santolina 'Myrtifolia'. bay rosemary 12.Lavandula angustifolia.Chamaemelum nobile.Pelargonium graveolens.Thymus carnosus.Thymus × citriodorus.Artemisia abrotanum. Salvia officinalis southernwood 'Purpurascens'.Thymus praecox subsp.19. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme 8. Thymus 'Broad-leaf 18.

< previous page page_64 next page > . maypoles. The use of flagstone.< previous page page_64 next page > Page 64 Using Standards and Maypoles Variety is a prime feature of this herb garden. Work paths for these gardens are brick and are enhanced by widening at the halfway point of each. The four potted bay. a splendid foil for the variety of herbs here. potted shrubs. accent this prime focal point even more. Enclosure of this altogether pleasing design is completed with a white board fence. Each of the four gardens has a center of interest. It is located for the best viewing. adding to the space for walking. The marginal beds embrace all this by having a gazebo placed at the end of one of the main axes paths. brick. Adequate space for this artifact was made by rounding off the corners of the adjacent beds. too. as it must be to accommodate a number of topiaries. and grass adds more interest than would result from using any one of these exclusively. The chief focal point is the ornamental lead pump on a bed of wild thyme. too. There is variety in the walks. and treessome of which are espaliered. a maypole of cherry tomatoes. standards. It is a large garden. Laurus nobilis. Creeping thyme is used as an edging on these curves.

P.Calendula officinalis. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. 26.P.53. maplebush basil ambrosia leaved geranium 2. wild 28. pot 52.P. Thymus × citriodorus.Chenopodium botrys.quercifolium. love-in. 49. lemon 29. Johnny-jump.P. Satureja montana. 25.< previous page page_65 next page > Page 65 New Jersey Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. nutmeg thyme a-mist geranium . fragrans. 1. winter 27. Origanum vulgare 'Viride'. Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'.odoratissimum.Viola tricolor. 51.50. apple English thyme up geranium 3. oak-leaved savory costmary geranium 4.Nigella damascena.Chrysanthemum balsamita. musty oakscented geranium 5.quercifolium marjoram marigold 'Giganteum'.P.acerifolium.

radens. lime geranium 55.P.Thymus serpyllum. fennel dittany-of-Crete lovage 15. sweet flag 16.Origanum majorana.P. blue hyssop 10. bee balm 63.Poterium sanguisorba.Aloysia triphylla. glutinosum. bay 20. crispum.Mentha. lettuce 40. forsythia 'Albus'.P. strawberry 48.Malus angustifolia.Laurus nobilis. mint in variety marjoram pennyroyal 14.Malus.Thymus praecox subsp.Levisticum officinale.Buxus sempervirens burnet 'Myrtifolia'. parsley 35.Petroselinum crispum. chamomile 8. 57.Viola odorata.Achilleafilipendula.Salvia caerulea. French tarragon Rose'. Hyssopus officinalis. lemon balm 45. denticulatum.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. cherry tomato chive 17.P. lemon southernwood geranium 34.P.Artemisia dracunculus var.Foeniculum vulgare. radens 'Dr. dill 36. 71. Thymus × citriodorus 'Aureus'. 61.P.Allium schoenoprasum.72.Marrubium vulgare.Lactuca sativa 'Bibb'. lemon geranium 56. graveolens.Livingston'. wild thyme 31. wild verbena lemon geranium crab 24. denticulatum 11.P. graveolens 'Camphor sativa. golden lemon thyme 7. graveolens 'Rober's myrtle Lemon Rose'. box 19.Forsythia. white creeping thyme geranium 68. fern-leaf tansy geranium 59.Tanacetum vulgare var.Artemisia abrotanum.Anethum graveolens. garden sage 54.Pelargonium crispum. Chamaemelum nobile. horehound 46. lemon 65. 58.Lycopersicon lycopersicum. 62.Lavandula angustifolia. silver mound geranium artemisia 12. classic 21.Salvia officinalis. fern-leaf 60.Fragaria vesca. sweet 37.P.Mentha pulegium. tomentosum. dwarf apple foot geranium 30. pine crispum. 64. fern-leaf 'Nana'.6. crowfoot 70. blue sage < previous page page_65 next page > . 44. pheasant's. lemon 47. crispum 'Minor'. English lavender 32.P. lettuce geranium glaucum 18.× nervosum. lemon geranium 33. peppermint 67.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Filicifolium'. salad 42.P.P.Lactuca sativa 'Ruby'.P.Myrtus communis. Rosmarinus officinalis.Poncirus trifoliata. white sweet yarrow violet 13. lemon-rose geranium 22.P. lettuce 39. arcticus43. camphor-scented geranium 69. 41. rosemary 9. orange geranium 23. bronze 38.Origanum dictamnus.Melissa officinalis. rose geranium66.Allium senescens var. crispum 'Prince Rupert'.Acorus calamus.Monarda didyma.

It prevents its unremarkable bloom from developing and allows its full downy effect to be achieved. green santolina. This is a large garden by any standard. In keeping with this feeling. This clipping is mandatory for the fringed wormwood edging. Perhaps the greatest impact is made by the frame created for this designthe delicately fringed foliage of Artemisia frigidaa pale. silvery green that sets the frame off from the surrounding darker green area of grass. Mother-of-thyme strips between the beds in each quadrant provide the access so necessary for keeping the herbs clipped. The result is one of sculptured elegance. The bath is ringed with aromatic apple mint. with a natural stone birdbath of appropriate size being its focal point. something to be a fitting complement to a gracious estate. < previous page page_66 next page > . The maximum is realized only with a great deal of maintenance. The main axes paths of grass meet at the brick walk in a sunburst pattern encircling this center of interest.< previous page page_66 next page > Page 66 For an Elegant Oval A genuinely stately design was needed here. and Allium karataviense. too. the herb garden is flanked by generous beds of roses enclosed with hedges of box.

< previous page page_67 next page > Page 67 New York .

Satureja montana.Salvia officinalis. mother-of-thyme lovage 3. Mentha suaveolens. French tarragon schoenoprasum.Hyssopus officinalis.Allium sativa. santolina stars-of-Persia 5.Allium moly. Artemisia dracunculus var.Florence B.Levisticum officinale. winter savory 9.Allium karataviense thyme sage 6. wormwood fennel 2.Santolina chamaecyparissus. chive 4. gray 10.Foeniculum vulgare. fringed 7. arcticus.Allium christophii.Liriope muscari. 15. lily leek < previous page page_67 next page > .Salvia officinalis.Thymus praecox subsp. Baker. dwarf garden 17. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. Santolina virens.Thymus × citriodorus. garden sage 18. big blue lilyturf 12. lemon 11. 8.Artemisia frigida. 1. green santolina 14. blue hyssop 16. apple mint 13.

< previous page page_69 next page > Page 69 A Specialty < previous page page_69 next page > .

the circle. Many herb gardens could provide this. and the front porch of the house. and for the lavender when its bloom is past. A woven redwood screen serves two purposesto create privacy and to provide a fitting background for the specimen Cedrus deodara. The precision of this garden is maintained with less care than might be expected. for the box after new spring growth. the arcand patterned with only a few kinds of herbs. One annual pruning suffices for the winter savory in the spring. But this herb garden of blue-gray and blue-green tones prevailing throughout most of the year can also be enjoyed from the living room windows. this herb garden is situated on a hillside in a city and is the lowest of three levels. the upper deck. Occasional weeding of the planting beds constitutes the main chore. Its peak of fragrance occurs in June when the lavender blooms in profusion. It is the design that is singular herecomposed of the rectangle. The bench among the cypress trees was placed where all three levels could be viewed best. Dwarf box outlines the paths and emphasizes the forms drawn. Six stately Italian cypress trees in planters add to the formal feeling already existing. < previous page page_70 next page > . the square.< previous page page_70 next page > Page 70 Devoted To Fragrance Desired for fragrance.

< previous page page_71 next page > Page 71 California Designed by Owner .

chamomile 2.Lavandula angustifolia subsp angustifolia.Cedrus deodara. dwarf edging box 7. viola 3.Viola cornuta 'Blue Perfection'.Chamaemelum nobile. deodar < previous page page_71 next page > .Cupressus sempervirens. winter savory 4. lemon 8.Myrtus communis 'Microphylla'.Citrus limon 'Ponderosa'.Satureja montana.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. Italian cypress 9. lavender 5.The number in each planting area is the key number. 1. dwarf myrtle 6.

.< previous page page_72 next page > Page 72 To Please a Shakespeare Scholar Where or how is inspiration found for an original design for an herb garden? A special interest may be the catalyst. The other herbs used are as authentically Shakespearean as possible. It was not an easy task to find a source of supply for all mentioned by this poet and playwright. Brick edgings maintain the design winter and summer. 1962) < previous page page_72 next page > . from Peter Coats. and wild thyme at the central corner of each holds the square together. This imaginatively created design is appropriately and pleasingly enclosed with box and is a delight in any season. Coin with Tudor rose design. A scholarly devotion to Shakespeare led to the use of an adaptation of the Tudor rose in creating this design. but it was an interesting one for a Shakespeare enthusiast. Roses. The illustration of this rose depicts it as it was originally designed. Paths are gravel." as it was referred to chiefly after Shakespeare. It is double with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. Pleasures and Treasures (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. Its modification for use within the squares of this plan changed the number of petals and sepals from five to four. as it was with this plan. and the crosswalk is narrower than the "forthright. Each square has a topiary of box for a focal point.

< previous page page_73 next page > Page 73 North Carolina Designed by Owner .

parsley 29. chamomile 4.Lilium candidum. Madonna 23.Fragaria vesca.Lactuca sativa. Thymus serpyllum. salad burnet 10.Anemone pulsatilla.Primula elatior. Eryngium maritimum. Johnnypink savory jump-up 9.Iris pseudacorus. 22.Crithmum maritimum. sea holly 7 Artemisia absinthium. winter 32. spearmint 30. rue 33.Myrtus communis.Lavandula angustifolia. 1. monkshood27. wild thyme 5. Malva sylvestris.Bellis perennis.Buxus sempervirens.Primula vulgaris.Carum carvi. mallow 13.Viola odorata. 19. Origanum majorana. caraway 35.Calendula officinalis. English daisy 36. earth 24. sweet marjoram 3.Crocus sativus.Mentha × piperita. woodland samphire English lavender strawberry 11. oxlip 17.Satureja montana.The number in each planting area is the key number. 34.Aconitum napellus. Dianthus caryophyllus.Rosmarinus officinalis.Viola tricolor. Chamaemelum nobile. lettuce 28. rosemary 16. box smoke < previous page page_73 next page > . saffron lily crocus 12. sweet violet 6.Petroselinum crispum.Poterium sanguisorba. English pasqueflower primrose 14. clove20. lemon balm 31.Mentha spicata. fennel 21. absinthe peppermint 8. classic myrtle 18. blue hyssop 2. pot marigold 15. Foeniculum vulgare.Melissa officinalis. Hyssopus officinalis. yellow flag 26. 25.Ruta graveolens.Fumaria officinalis.

However. Although this is called a "moonlight" herb garden. like the moonflowers that bedeck the elegant wrought-iron plant hoop. Wrought-iron plant hoop for moonflower < previous page page_74 next page > . spurred. serve also as planters for Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. silvery-gray foliage are almost equally showy by day. silver mound. white blooms and woolly. a moondial rather than a sundial is used. required for a retaining wall at the back of the garden. In addition to providing containers for growing herbs. plumed.< previous page page_74 next page > Page 74 Designed for Moonlight Intended for viewing from above. white. A mulch of cocoa bean hulls increases contrast so that white blooms on a night flooded with moonlight reach a startling peak of reflective illumination. It bears a motto taken from Alice Morse Earle's Sundials and Old Roses: ''Light and Darkness by Turn. its tufted. concrete blocks help create an optimum pH for nourishing them. this moonlight herb garden can be enjoyed from a deck-overhang of the house from the middle of spring to early autumn. Careful planning with plant selection results in a delightful succession of bloom and fragrance. In a departure from the usual that is most fitting for this garden. Selected for this reason. along with a measure of fragrance." Concrete blocks. they further ensure this herb garden is to be most savored during the evening and nighttime hours. but Always Love. most of the blooms are nightscented.

Primula sieboldii 'Alba'. horehound 2. petunia 30. Thymus 'Argenteus'.Lilium candidum. pink 15.Galium odoratum.Narcissus pseudonarcissus ears Pearl'.< previous page page_75 next page > Page 75 New York Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. silver mound artemisia 3. Dianthus 'White Lace'. rosemary primrose snowdrop 5. silver 16.Dictamnus albus. 1. Stachys byzantina.Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana'. yarrow 'Mount Hood'.19. sweet 31. lamb's. Madonna gray santolina woodruff lily 4.Achillea millefolium 'The 33. white 32. white . 17. Santolina chamaecyparissus. Rosmarinus officinalis 18. 'Albus'. fraxinella thyme 29 Petunia 'White Cascade'.Marrubiam vulgare.Galanthus nivalis.

28.Rosa 'Snowdwarf'. 25.Artemisia stellerana. Yucca filamentosa.Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Cassata'.Artemisia ludoviciana. western mugwort 7.Aquilegia alpina 'Alba'. lily-ofthe-valley 11. clary 24.Polianthes tuberosa.Artemisia ludoviciana var.Convallaria majalis. beach mugwort wormwood 9. albula. feverfew foxglove daffodil 34.Rosa 'Cinderella'. white 22.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Nicotiana alata 'Daylight'. dame's honesty rocket 14.Matthiola incana. tulip 38.Hesperis matronalis.Lunaria annua.Ipomoea alba. Artemisia lactiflora. rose 41. Adam's.Malus 'Guiding Star'. tuberose 36.Tulipa 'White Triumphator'.21. silver-king artemisia columbine 13. 26. sweet violet 20.Digitalis purpurea 'Alba'.Iris × germanica var. white stock absinthe 10.Tulipa 'Blizzard'. Artemisia absinthium. crabapple < previous page page_75 next page > .Salvia sclarea. 23. Viola odorata. moonflower 39.Chrysanthemum parthenium. needle florentina. rose 40. lavender 12. white 27.6. nicotiana angustifolia 'Alba'. orris 8. daffodil 35. tulip 37.

too. related to an old mill reconstruction. and fragrances usually considered characteristic. Varied shapes for the beds added interest and were arranged for ease of entrance and exit. textures. The growth habits of some make it difficult to incorporate them into a plan. Rather. Pattern could not be used to any extent to create interest. simplicity was the key and perhaps the factor that let this design be so in keeping with the old mill setting and yet prove so fitting for a more contemporary situation. < previous page page_76 next page > . This herb garden. required their use as an educational adjunct.< previous page page_76 next page > Page 76 Of Dye and Textile A specialty garden using only dye and textile-fiber plants presents another kind of challenge to a designer. for most of these dye and textile herbs do not lend themselves to that sort of treatment. An existing iron fence and slope helped determine the outline for the plan. Many of these herbs lack the hues. A design that would allow visitors to circulate easily in an area of moderate size was important.

< previous page page_77 next page > Page 77 Rhode Island .

kenaf dock dockmackie 5. mulberry balm bedstraw 18.Prunus persica.Chelidonium majus. stinging nettle44.Morus rubra or alba. St. yellowwood goldenrod agrimony 16.Mahonia aquifolium.Genista tinctoria.Convallaria majalis.51.Tagetes patula.Urtica dioica.Polygonum hydropiperoides.Anchusa officinalis. Boehmeria nivea. Musa textilis. Linum usitatissimum. Scotch broom hemp 7.Parmelia conspersa.Berberis vulgaris. broad 42. 47.Tagetes erecta. goldenseal upland cotton bloodroot 2.Rubia tinctorum. sweet 49. golden 40. 34.Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 39. dyer's 31. onion China jute 4. weld 57. madder 54. Sansevieria trifasciata. fuller's 30. Manila 25. Agave sisalana.Allium cepa.Coptis trifolia. 20. 37. lily.Phytolacca americana.Solidago species. Gossypium hirsutum.Dipsacus sativus. alkanet 52. 48.Pteridium aquilinum.Sanguinaria canadensis. 1. barberry teasel woodruff 12. 43.Monarda didyma. sumac poke 17. Agave fourcroydes.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. woad Susan laevifolium.Indigofera tinctoria.Reseda luteola.Anthemis tinctoria..Agrimonia eupatoria. bee 36. ramie 24.Hydrastis canadensis. sisal 27. 22.Coreopsis tinctoria. 32.Cotinus coggygria.Viburnum acerifolium. henequen marigold bearberry 8.Rhus typhina.Isatis tinctoria.Galium odoratum.Cytisus scoparius. queen. 28. lichen of-the-valley < previous page page_77 next page > .Genista germanica.Hypericum perforatum.Cladrastis lutea. French 33.Furcraea hexapetala.Galium verum. 23. 53. blueberry 13. broom bowstring hemp calliopsis 10. garden 56. 26.Crocus sativus. 35. indigo hemp John's-wort 9.46. African 45. privet marigold 15. black-eyed 50. Hibiscus cannabinus. saffron crocus marguerite 3.Vaccinium angustifolium var.Filipendula ulmaria. Abutilon theophrasti. peach bracken sorrel 19.Carthamus tinctorius. 29. yellow 55.Ligustrum vulgare.38. goldthread 41.Rumex obtusifolius. dyer's broom safflower 6. flax 21.Rudbeckia hirta. smoke tree celandine of-the-meadow 14.Rumex acetosa. Oregon Cuban hemp knotweed grape 11.

by setting back the corners of the four adjacent beds. at each end of the garden and at each entrance. Sufficient space was made for a center of interest. A totally appealing edging. Elsewhere.< previous page page_78 next page > Page 78 For Devotees of Old Roses This rectangle has been most pleasingly adapted for growing old roses. as well as the roses. Symmetry was one of the goals in this design and is furthered with placement of three roses at each of these arcs. It needs only one clipping yearly in very early spring before the delicate white blossoms appear. < previous page page_78 next page > . balance is gained by meticulous planning of the rose selections. is used that blooms in late spring followed by its incomparable foliage. a sundial surrounded by the dainty. This same arc form is repeated in each long side bed. Brick paving adds its air of formality and its warm tones complement the edging. A white picket fence to enclose this lovely garden of old roses and support a number of climbing cultivars is no less than ideal. Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. pale-pink blooms of Cecile Brunner'. There are roomy corners for more vigorous growersand many of the old roses are that.

< previous page page_79 next page > Page 79 Ohio .

'Stanwell Perpetual' Edging Epimedium × youngianum 'Niveum'. CENTIFOLIA 'Adeline' 'Fantan Latour' 'Petite de Hollande' 'Prolifera de Redoute' red provence 'Rose des Peintres' 'The Bishop' 'Blanchefleur' 15. HYBRID PERPETUAL 'Baronne Prevost' 'Black Prince' 'Baroness Rothschild' 'Clio' 'Duke of Edinburgh' 'Duchess de Caylus' 'Fisher Holmes' 'Frau Karl Druschki' 'Mabel Morrison' 'Merry England' 'Mrs. 'Cecile Brunner' 10. Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'. 'Seven Sisters'. 23. 'The Golden Rose of China' 9. 'Mme. 24. Germain' 'Chloris' 'Celestial' 'Felicite Parmentier' 16. Ernst Calvat' 'Variegata di Bologna' 14. Hardy' rose of Castile 'York and Lancaster' 'Leda' 'Marie Louise' 12. cl. rambler 19. 25. GALLICA 'Belle des Jardins' 'Camaieux' 'Cardinal Richelieu' 'Duc de Fitzjames' 'Tuscany' 'Rosa Mundi' 'Desiree Parmentier' 'Duchess de Montebello' 13. 'Empress Josephine' 7. cl. Legras de St. 'Crimson Rambler' 21. 'White Rose of York' 3. Rosa 'Harison's Yellow' 2. 'Belle Amour' 6. the second shows the number of plants to be used. 'Sombreuil'. 'American Pillar'. 18. cl. white epimedium < previous page page_79 next page > .Designed by Owner The first number in each planting area is the key number. Alfred de Rougemont'. rambler 20. cl. 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'. John Laing' 'Paul Neyron' 'Reine des Violettes' 'Triomphe de L'Exposition' 'Xavier Olibo' 17. cl. 'Marie Pavic' 8. BOURBON 'Commandant Beaurepaire' 'Coquette des Alpes' 'Honorine de Brabant' 'La Reine Victoria' 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' 'Louise Odier' 'Mme. 22. 1. ALBA 'Konigen von Danemarck' 'Mme. 'Mignonette' 5. 'Maiden's Blush' 4. MOSS 'Chapeau de Napoleon' 'Salet' 'White Bath' 'Capitaine John Ingram' 'Mme. DAMASK 'Celsiana' 'Cesonie' 'Quatre Saisons' 'Mme. 'Queen of the Prairies'. Louis Leveque' 'Louis Gimard' common moss 'Gloire des Mousseux' 11.

this "salad bowl" garden is a portion of a large complex of botanical gardens. Circles and angles provide interest. The notch of four square feet. There could be no more appropriate edging for it than the curly parsley used here. abruptly cut out of the corner of this salad bowl plan. < previous page page_80 next page > . It is another way to make more space where paths intersect. This is a matter of importance for public gardens in particular but should not be overlooked for private gardens. but the contrasting colors and varied textures of the plant material add greatly to it.< previous page page_80 next page > Page 80 As a Salad Bowl As the design plan indicates. is easily understood when considered in relation to the whole.

< previous page page_81 next page > Page 81 Wisconsin .

Solanum melongena var. chive 42.C. sprouts celery 8. lycopersicum var.esculentum 'Long Black'. oleracea 'Early White Vienna'. Boerner. annuum 'Teno'. C.A. annuum 'Mosaic'. oleracea 'Prima'.Brassica oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper 'Summer Pascal'.esculentum 'Black (Conoides Group) 'Fiesta'. schoenoprasum.B. dulce Group) 'Jade Cross'. garlic chive 44.C.L. melongena 2. and potpourris cabbage sweet pepper IX Herbs that repel insects 18. 28. oleracea 'Mammoth Red 36. graveolens var. C. eggplant 43. dulce 'Utah 5270'. kohlrabi tomato V American native herbs 14. 48. sweet pepper XII Unclassified 21.B. red 37. 29. oleracea 'Red Acre'.Cichorium intybus. pear Purple Vienna'.Brassica oleracea IV American native herbs 13. C. 22. annuum 'Pinocchio'. 24. kohlrabi Group) 'Golden Acre'. curly eggplant parsley 23.C.Lactuca sativa 'Oak Leaf'. graveolens var. annuum 'Sweet Cream'. scorodoprasum. (Gongylodes Group) 'Early pyriforme 'Yellow Pear'.L. melongena 1. shallot Lakes'. ruby ornamental pepper swiss chard III Culinary herbs 12.C.A. red cabbage sweet pepper XI Dye plants 20. vulgaris 'Ruby Red'.Allium cepa Aggregatum 41. annuum 'Sweet cabbage Chocolate'.B. red-flowered kale 6.Lycopersicon lycopersicum 33. annuum 'Red Boy'.C. cherry tomato 34. dulce 50.B. tuberosum. annuum 'Golden Bell'. ruby swiss chard var. celery I 31. chicory ornamental pepper 'Giant Pascal'. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim'. eggplant ornamental pepper 3. lettuce ornamental pepper Group) 'American Flag'. ornamental pepper Egyptian onion lettuce 4.A. cabbage VI Herbs used in design 15. C. swiss chard II Medicinal herbs 11. celery Bed 9.A. dulce 47. C.Brassica oleracea (Capitata 35. leek 5.A. annuum 'Black Prince'.A. oleracea Acephala ornamental pepper celery Group.B. 40. 30. oleracea 'Ruby Ball'. 26. annuum 'Variegata'. Petroselinum crispum var. red 38. kohlrabi Rock'.A. 32.sativa 'Ruby'.A. giant garlic var. oleracea (Gemmifera 7. celery Group. graveolens var. vegetables and herbs) ornamental pepper Theme < previous page page_81 next page > . 45.S. oleracea 'Red Drumhead'.Designed under the direction of Alfred L.Beta vulgaris (Cicla Group) 'White Fordhook Giant'.B. vulgaris 'Rhubarb'. brussels ornamental pepper 'Golden Self-blanching'. cepa Proliferum Group.B. Capsicum annuum var.B. ornamental pepper The salad bowl (ornamental 10.annuum 'Floral Gem'. sweet pepper VIIIScented herbs for sachets 17.S. annuum 'Wisconsin Group. 25.Capsicum annuum cabbage (Grossum Group) 'Whopper'.Apium graveolens var. C. white-flowered kale 49. annuum 'Nosegay'. sweet pepper X Herbs for shady situations 19.C.B. 27. oleracea 'Green Parade'. ampeloprasum (Porrum 46. red cabbage VII Herbs used in design 16.A.esculentum 'Chinese Long Sword'.B. C.B. Beauty'. graveolens 'French Dinant'. crispum 'Banquet'. annuum 'Fips'. 39.

The closed knot pattern is created using gray and green santolina. for each is a complete entity. the appeal of the whole is most apparent and the pleasing knot even more obvious. and golden thyme. Design plan of herb garden < previous page page_82 next page > . All of the circles. relating the knot to the rest of the gardens. and angles are well defined with appropriate and varied plant material. The inkberry and bayberry hedges make a fine background for them and continue as hedges. Germander edges the beds of scented-leaf geraniums.< previous page page_82 next page > Page 82 Featuring a Knot This featured knot is the focal point for a group of herb gardens as shown in the design plan below. When viewed from the terrace above. winter savory. arcs. Any one of the appealing herb gardens in this complex could be used separately.

< previous page page_83 next page > Page 83 Ohio .

Melissa R. golden 11. radens 'Dr.P. Santolina virens.P.L.A.P. fern-leaf scented geranium geranium 7. Teucrium chamaedrys.P.P..P.P. odoratissimum. Marshall. A. × nervosum 'Torento'. oak-leaved geranium 16.P.' lemon geranium 23. graveolens 'Rober's Lemon 20.Myrica pensylvanica. 29.S. quercifolium 'Village Hill Oak'. P. Satureja montana. winter 13.× fragrans 'Variegatum'. × domesticum 6. crispum 'Prince Rupert'. graveolens 'Lady Plymouth'.P. Pelargonium denticulatum geranium 'Clorinda'. tomentosum. × citrosum 'Prince of rose geranium Orange'.P. gooseberry geranium 24. santolina English finger-bowl geranium 5. 19. P. lime geranium Rose'. apricot geranium28.eucalyptus'Filicifolium'.× limoneum 'Lady Mary'.P. inkberry geranium 9. 15.P. 12. rose geranium < previous page page_83 next page > . lemon geranium nutmeg geranium bayberry 10.P. green 14. pungent-scented geranium 25. capitatum 'Logee's savory Snowflake'. scabrum.P. 1. Thymus 'Clear Gold'. germander crowfoot geranium 21. crispum 'French Lace.P. acerifolium. Landscape Architect. peppermint 26. Santolina chamaecyparissus. maple-leaved 18. orange geranium 8. graveolens. rose geranium 27. thyme gingerscented geranium 2. P. 17.P. grossularioides.Ilex glabra. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique'. Assoc. Livingston'. crispum. lemon geranium 22. rose-scented geranium 4. The number in each planting area is the key number.× nervosum. apple gray santolina geranium 3.P.P.

slower-growing plant material needs to be used. filled with plants that have contrasting color. A knot can be as intricate or as simple as individual taste dictates. It follows that such favor would spawn experimentation and yield a variety of treatments with a variety of designs. Its interspaces can be mulched. Clipping is required on a routine basis to sustain the design.< previous page page_84 next page > Page 84 On More Knots The knot garden with its history spanning centuries has obviously appealed to many.Santolina virens. Maintenance is high for a knot. closed knot design. sand. A totally different effectthat of a closed knotis created here using much interlacing with three varieties of herbs. . To ease the care for a more complicated design. 1. and growth to the plants of the knot design. The background carpet of crimson creeping thyme creates a pleasing contrast. especially when it is blooming. English lavender 2." when bands of contrasting colors pass over and under each other in the design. texture. or marble chips. or simply filled with inert material such as gravel. extra plants of each kind used should be grown elsewhere to fill in should one or more fail to thrive. For the knot to look its best at all times.Lavandula angustifolia. was planted using edging box only. One referred to as "open" is a patterned design without this interlacing. A few pleasing knot designs are included here and their plant material is listed. blue hyssop 3. For ease of maintenance this same knot design. such as a dwarf edging box. green santolina Four circles and a square are used to create an unusual. on page 37. Sometimes a knot is referred to as ''closed.Hyssopus officinalis. The selection of herbs for their contrasting textures and colors emphasizes the intricacy of the pattern. which is framed with a brick edging.

gray santolina 3. 1.Texas Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.Thymus praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'.Santolina virens. dwarf edging box 4. crimson creeping thyme < previous page page_84 next page > .Santolina chamaecyparissus.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'. green santolina 2.

Thymus praecox subsp. In another departure from the usual. Ficus 'Brown Turkey'. arcticus 'Coccineus'. but weeding is minimal since a mulch is used of pecan shells. a pleasing cinnamon-brown color and nice background for the herbs. lavender Japanese barberry 5. which is found more often out in the open. Tennessee Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number. A brick edging raises the knot to the same level as the floor in the house. germander crimson creeping thyme 3. caraway thyme 9. Located to provide more hours of enjoyment from the much-used terrace and the floor-length window of the house.T. 'Munstead'. It is situated in a corner formed by two walls of the house and is a part of the terrace. arcticus 'Albus'. The knot material is maintained at six inches.S. Teucrium chamaedrys. A dwarf box ties it together at the center.Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'.T. the knot has the effect of being a part of the room. herba-barona.Salvia officinalis 'Purpurea'. white 7. praecox subsp. variegated garden sage . The four corners are accented with specimens of preference. creeping thymes. which are confined to that area. and the espaliered 'Brown Turkey' fig adds interest to and softens the brick wall. Some maintenance is required for clipping. purple variegated 11. angustifolia 10 Berberis thunbergii 'Crimson Pigmy'. rosemary creeping thyme 2. 8. 'Crimson Pigmy' barberry is combined with germanderoften usedto create this closed knot. Rosmarinus officinalis.< previous page page_85 next page > Page 85 This is unusual placement for a knot. fig 4.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.officinalis 'Tricolor'. 1. The four interspaces are planted with as many varieties of very low-growing. the height of the edging. garden sage dwarf edging box 6.

< previous page page_85 next page > .

Santolina chamaecyparissus. lavender . gray santolina 2. American germander 3. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Teucrium canadense.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. The knot is most suitably framed with concentric circles of brick paving. Inert material of red and white stones makes the design even more apparent than would foliage contrast alone.< previous page page_86 next page > Page 86 The design plan shows how this knot garden serves as the center of interest and relates to the rest of the herb garden.

< previous page page_86 next page > .

Teucrium chamaedrys. setting it off admirably. germander . Marble chips are used in the unplanted portion of the knot. Its simplicity creates a contemporary feeling. Design plan of herb garden Michigan Designed by Contributor 1. The design plan illustrates the use of this knot as a focal point for the herb garden.< previous page page_87 next page > Page 87 This knot garden is patterned after the square knot.

gray santolina < previous page page_87 next page > .2.Santolina chamaecyparissus.

< previous page page_88 next page > Page 88 All Gray and Silver Only gray and silver herbs are used for this plan created with three circles of brick for its circumference. which are also laid on edge. adding another facet to an appealing design. The result is a different look and more firmly defined beds. a complement for the colors of the plant material. The inner circle of brick is laid on edge and ties in with the work paths. a device that may discourage roots from intermingling. Santolinas are a fine choice to frame this herb garden. pleasing color. again laid on edge. < previous page page_88 next page > . The center is further set apart from the remainder of the plantings by brick. each one a quarter-circle. for it is a low-growing Allium circling it. Concentric plantings emphasize the octagon where the paths meeta nice spot to display a specimen plant or a strawberry jar. The foliage of a number of these gray and silver herbs brings their strongly textural quality to this plan. The choice of brick for paths provides a warm. They take clipping well and keep the exterior path clear for walking.

< previous page page_89 next page > Page 89 Ohio Designed by Owner .

grenadin pink chamomile 4. 18. lavender 9. edelweiss angustifolia 'Gray Lady'.Perovskia atriplicifolia. silver horehound 19. silver sage 15.Santolina neapolitana 10. tree artemisia 26. rue 21.Anthemis marschalliana.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Crithmum maritimum.Anthemis tinctoria. lavender 5. Russian sage 24.Artemisia arborescens. golden marguerite 25. 1. tree germander 22.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. 17. lavender 8. samphire14.Lavandula angustifolia subsp.Salvia clevelandii.Allium senescens var.Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward'. lamb's-ears angustifolia 'Hidcote'.Stachys byzantina.The number in each planting area is the key number. fringed wormwood angustifolia 'Munstead'.Teucrium fruticans.Artemisia frigida. curry plant 7.Salvia argentea.Santolina chamaecyparissus. angustifolia 'Rosea'. 16. dwarf gray santolina 20.Leontopodium alpinum. gray santolina 2.Lavandula dentata var.Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Nana'. dwarf 12. silver thyme 6.Helichrysum angustifolium. lavender < previous page page_89 next page > .Thymus 'Argenteus'.Achillea filipendulina 'Moonshine'.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. glaucum 11. French lavender 3.Dianthus × caryophyllus. woolly yarrow 23.Marrubium incanum. candicans. fern-leaf yarrow 27.Ruta graveolens 'Blue Mound'. blue sage 13.

a number of which are listed in the bibliography. For some locales growing herbs in containers may mean the difference between having an herb garden or not having one. only its size and relative proportion are of real concern. < previous page page_90 next page > . it is easy to visualize those more suitable for this purpose. Some are rosemary. The color of the container plays a lesser role. The advantages of container herb gardening are worth noting: mobile. thyme. lady's-mantle. A condominium terrace might be an attractive site for a half-barrel that accommodates an assortment of herbs. but it should set off the herbs and not overpower their subtle tones. Their extremes of heat and humidity or aridity make it more difficult to grow herbs than do the extremes of northern cold. the culture of herbs in containers is sufficiently different from their culture in the open ground to warrant the use of one of the references currently available on this subject. oregano. Many herbs lend themselves to being cultivated in containers. sweet marjoram. Apartment and condominium dwellers have the same need to cultivate herbs in containers if fresh herbs are to be on hand at all. and the savories.< previous page page_90 next page > Page 90 Using Containers Container gardening can be a satisfying way to grow herbs. As with other plant material. either as an adjunct to an established herb garden or as a sole means of growing them. Styles of containers. basil. If one is familiar with herbs. If the container is compatible with the general aspect of the area to be used. the herb garden "design" is flexibleready to be altered when the season or artistic fancy dictatesand the growing conditions are more easily controlled. Areas in Florida and desert areas in the southwestern United States are hostile environments for herbs. are without number. which include hanging baskets.

as with this container herb garden. It has endured for twenty years and has proved thoroughly satisfying. the only sunny spot in a city lot is the space between the driveway and house.< previous page page_91 next page > Page 91 Often. < previous page page_91 next page > . providing herbs in abundance.

< previous page page_92 next page > .< previous page page_92 next page > Page 92 A balcony garden. Herbs have flourished in this growing arrangement for nearly twenty years. visually pleasing against the backdrop of a great metropolitan skyline.

< previous page page_93 next page > Page 93 Gardens for Civic or Educational Purposes < previous page page_93 next page > .

such an outlay would be unwarranted. Of course supervision is necessary. However.A. If children's interest is not sustained. Enclosure is not recommended for these three plans since an enclosure usually represents substantial time and expenditure. good soil and a welldrained location in full sun are needed to ensure the success necessary to encourage a continuing interest. and an obvious interest in how the garden fares is in order for the overseer. Simple plans like these provide ample opportunity for younger children to experiment with the world of plants. A. The number in each planting area is the quantity of plants to be used. < previous page page_95 next page > .< previous page page_95 next page > Page 95 Strictly for Children These gardens were designed strictly for children. They need to be planned in this manner so that children can learn as much as possible on their own. LandscapeArchitect. Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt. and so they are strictly uncomplicated.L. Seeds are used for the most partfor the fun of growing things from seed and for the knowledge to be gained.S.

These are ''old roses. woolly thyme and mother-of-thyme are two. Ordinarily no sprays or dusts are essential for their survival and many are recurrent bloomers. There is a feeling of enclosure here with the layout of the outer beds and the roses. too. A sundial can be fun and also educational. Children in this age group can help with the construction. < previous page page_96 next page > . Instead of benches on the patio. It can foster an interest in gardening with herbs. It is an ambitious project but likely to be successful with the proper plant material. an experiment with turf seats could be tried. with room for a project or two to rouse the curiosity and to impart the idea that learning is fun.< previous page page_96 next page > Page 96 By eight to twelve years of age it may be clear that children's interest justifies expanding the garden area. If Japanese beetles are a nuisance. and perhaps just as much because they demand less care than hybrid tea roses. using simple means for raising the beds and including a small rest area or private patio. they are easily handpicked. Just keep a garden design for children simple." selected for their greater fragrance.

S. A. . Landscape Architect.< previous page page_97 next page > Page 97 Connecticut Margaret Osborn Holt.A.L.

neapolitanum. damask rose 32. ambrosia 2. American 21.Rosa gallica.rocambole 28.Salvia officinalis. horehound 26. pot marigold 8. dwarf 6.Nepeta cataria.Tropaeolum minus.Anethum graveolens.Rosa damascena.Marrubium vulgare. Dianthus plumarius. purple form bush basil camphor-scented wormwood 17. English lavender 4. Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Nigella damascena. lily leek 30.Hedeoma pulegioides. French rose < previous page page_97 next page > . curly parsley sweet marjoram 10. dyer's bush basil woad 9.Fragaria 'Fraises des purple basil Bois'. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. borage 15. nasturtium angustifolia 'Munstead'. lovage 12.Origanum majorana. clary 25. Borago officinalis. 16. summer savory 22.Allium sativum var. 13.The number in each planting area is the key number. 19. love-in-a-mist 14. Ocimum basilicum 'Minimum'. cottage pink 18. alpine strawberry 3. 1.Satureja hortensis. dill pennyroyal 11.Lavandula angustifolia.Allium tuberosum. garden sage 24. crispum.Artemisia abrotanum.Artemisia camphorata. Italian parsley 23. Levisticum officinale.Allium senescens var. southernwood 5. English lavender 7.Chenopodium botrys. Ocimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'. garlic chive 29.Salvia sclarea.Petroselinum crispum var.Calendula officinalis. ophioscorodon.Isatis tinctoria.Allium moly. Petroselinum crispum var. catnip 27. glaucum 31. 20.

The sculptures. The list of plants is seemingly endless and necessarily abridged. previously used as a skating rink. The design is a medley of shapes and textures. are a seal and a turtle. for this is an herb garden for those whose vision is impaired or absent. All are inviting to the touch. was excavated and the boxes constructed at a height of eighteen inchesa good height for use by children or by an adult in a wheelchair. The three circles resulting from the design are used for a central fish pondcomplete with water lilies and a fine-spray fountainflanked by a star magnolia specimen on each side. < previous page page_98 next page > . Tailored for their exploration with other senses in every manner. making it a total delight not only to the disadvantaged but to all. Giving each box a different name and planting it with herbs that fit its category makes the learning process not simply painless but a true joy. from the different fragrances and textures of herbs to the sculptures. The oval. not noted on the plan.< previous page page_98 next page > Page 98 Of Exploration A special plan to meet a special need. this herb garden enclosed by a deutzia hedge has fourteen planting boxes. it is a product of extraordinary imagination in planning. A few from some groups are listed and show that imagination was not limited to design alone but was used in the complete concept of the herb garden. An uncommonly designed walk of concrete bordered with brick facilitates the progress of the explorer from one box to another. Varied shapes of the planting boxes and varied textures underfoot help orient the investigator. plus a lead squirrel artfully placed on the edge of one of the beds.

A. .< previous page page_99 next page > Page 99 Arkansas Neil Hamill Park. Landscape Architect. F.A.R.

catnip Chamaemelum nobile. sweet Artemisia abrotanum. fat-hen Primula veris. Foeniculum vulgare. red clover gray santolina Myrrhis odorata. Pest Repellent Garden horseradish Ocimum basilicum. horsemint Justicia brandegeana. bee orchid Erigeron. donkey's tail Monarda punctata. harebell Tea Garden Chamaemelum nobile. chive dandelion Allium sativum. winter savory Mentha. Allium schoenoprasum. lemon verbena < previous page page_99 next page > . coltsfoot Mimulus. mint Galium odoratum.Hedeoma pulegioides. sweet woodruff Gaultheria procumbens. chamomile Mentha. germander Zoo Garden Melissa officinalis. lemon balm Origanum heracleoticum. wintergreen Aloysia triphylla. garden sage Hyssopus officinalis. borage Tanacetum vulgare. American pennyroyal Santolina chamaecyparissus. monkey flower lavender Chenopodium bonushenricus. yarrow Teucrium chamaedrys. shrimp plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. sweet cicely Rosmarinus officinalis. Trifolium pratense. Nepeta cataria. chickweed Pedicularis canadensis. English Tussilago farfara. cowslip Linaria. marigold Salvia officinalis. chamomile horehound Taraxacum officinale. garlic Lavandula angustifolia. sweet basil Marrubium vulgare. duckweed Antennaria. marjoram southernwood Borago officinalis. fennel rosemary Origanum majorana. dog violet Lemna. lamb'soregano ears Thymus vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf Nepeta cataria. pussy-toes Celosia cristata. catnip French' French thyme Armoracia rusticana. bee balm Satureja montana. cockscomb Sedum morganianum. goatsbeard Campanula divaricata. tansy Monarda didyma. Greek Stachys byzantina. toadflax Bee Garden Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. cuckoo flower Tragopogon pratensis. mint Tagetes. lousewort Viola canina. oxeye daisy Ophrys apifera. fleabane Stellaria. blue hyssop Achillea millefolium.

in a climate like this it can be of critical import. it is a most satisfying growing situation. its wooden structure long gone. it is more important to add another single species or variety needed to satisfy intellectual curiosity. Here. There is no intricate pattern to demand hours for grooming. Its plant list. A smaller bed so constructed completes the growing areaexcept for a variety of thymes.< previous page page_101 next page > Page 101 For Scholarly Pursuit No need to construct an enclosure here. Some herbs were relegated to a bed outside the foundation and near the entrance. and plantain that grow casually on the basket-weave-patterned brick floor. makes a site well protected from excesses of weather. an exceedingly long one. developed particularly for study. a mint. < previous page page_101 next page > . hours that are desired for the scholarly pursuit of herbs. and old barn beams another about the same height. feverfew. for an old barn foundation of stone. An herb garden exposure is important in any location. Their height eases the task of weeding. reflects its purpose and explains the absence of drifts of color for effect. Still. their invasiveness could not crowd out the individual specimens. and there is no doubt that its nicely sheltered location does much to make it so. minus the lintel but still in place at the top of the stone foundation. A number of wooden window frames. An existing concrete wall eighteen inches high formed one long bed. A longer growing season is highly desirable for this garden of herbs. are superb for displaying potted herbs. Instead. The subtle gray of weathered wood frames them most suitably.

< previous page page_103 next page > Page 103 Ontario .

A.Echium vulgare.Galium odoratum.T 'Argenteus'.T. majorana.A. St.Nepeta mussinii. 45.S.Sempervivum tectorum.Pulmonaria officinalis.Origanum vulgare peach-bells 'Aureum'. southernwood ground cherry 10. rose costmary campion 23.Ranunculus ficaria. garden sage 84. bee balm57. anise hyssop peppermint geranium 6. pot marjoram bugloss 27. 48.Marrubium vulgare.Angelica archangelica. camphor. balm horehound 14. viper's 65.Geranium robertianum. odoratissimum.Satureja montana. rose sativa. bee balm lovage 20. bush basil lady's-mantle 17. sweet celandine marjoram 28.Levisticum officinale. × citriodorus.S.Plantago major. 66. silver thyme 105. sweet 41.P. graveolens. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'.Sium sisarum.Poterium sanguisorba. golden variegated garden sage 86.Agastache foeniculum.Viola odorata.Stachys officinalis. basilicum 56.S. arcticus 'Coccineus'. alpine savory 89. abrotanum.O.A.Salvia officinalis. beach 47.O. 62.Valeriana officinalis.T. basil blue hyssop 15. purple basil English lavender 18.Asarum canadense. salad burnet blue lungwort 22. camphorata.Designed by Owner The number in each planting area is the key number.O. 60.Physalis heterophylla.Artemisia dracunculus var.-John'swort 91. variegated garden sage 87.Lychnis coronaria. odorous thyme 104. onites. basilicum 'Minimum'. richardii subsp. basilicum 'Citriodorum'. sweet 53.Chrysanthemum balsamita. 64.O. rosemary 82. dyer's woodruff broom 3.Veronica serpyllifolia.Hyssopus officinalis.Rubia tinctorum. pink 58.Digitalis lanata. stellerana.Chelidonium majus.P. 'Clear Gold'. pontica.Myrrhis odorata. thyme 102. betony 92.Digitalis purpurea. foxglove 2. French tarragon geranium 7. foxglove cypress spurge 21.Lavandula angustifolia. golden lemon thyme 99.A. didyma 'Rosea'. sweet violet 40. fern-leaf tansy 95.Agastache cana.Ruta graveolens. rampion 81. lemon verbena 106. arcticus 'Albus'. lesser 67. officinalis 'Aurea'. 50. wild lemon basil ginger 16. absinthium.T. Johnnyscented wormwood jump-up 11. pot marigold 25. 1.Ocimum basilicum. skirret 90. tomentosum. sweet cicely 94.Althaea officinalis.T. lemon thyme 100.T.Pelargonium crispum.T.Teucrium chamaedrys.Thymus praecox subsp.A.Rosmarinus officinalis. mosquito plant 19. × citriodorus 'Aureus'. absinthe 51. wormwood germander 9. woolly thyme 101.Euphorbia cyparissias. white creeping thyme 97. celandine madder 79.M. officinalis 'Tricolor'. winter savory 88.Aloysia triphylla. caraway thyme 103.Acinos alpinus. 61.Achillea millefolium.Melissa officinalis.Monarda didyma. 'Purpurascens'.Genista tinctoria.Tanacetum vulgare var. praecox subsp.Stachys grandifora 93. marsh mallow 13. 54. plantain 80. 42. herba-barona. praecox subsp.Campanula rapunculus.Hypericum perforatum.P.O. yarrow herb Robert 4. nitidus. rue 83.T.49. angelica lemon geranium 5. officinalis 'Purpurea'. abrotanum 'Tangerine'.Viola tricolor.Calamintha grandiflora.A. 44. apple wormwood geranium 8. pallasianus. lemon 52. Grecian 59. creeping veronica .T. 55.Alchemilla vulgaris.Campanula persicifolia.Calendula officinalis. golden thyme 98. 43. golden marjoram 26. catmint 63. purple variegated garden sage 85. calamint valerian 24. crispum. crimson creeping thyme 96. Roman 46. southernwood houseleek 12.

moth 113. tree onion 112. 73. curry plant mullein 35.Allium sativum.Myrtus communis.29. dyer's woad 110. false spiraea primrose marjoram 117. 76.Prunus pensylvanica.Isatis tinctoria.Laurus nobilis. apple mint 69. yucca 109. chamomile 30. × gentilis.Primula veris.Sorbaria sorbifolia.A.Origanum vulgare.Verbascum thapsus. feverfew cinerariifolium. suaveolens 'Variegata'. citrata.Helichrysum angustifolium. garlic 111.Atriplex hortensis.Chamaemelum nobile.Origanum dictamnus. 114.Chrysanthemum parthenium. cowslip 72. veronica 108.Chrysanthemum 78. pineapple mint 31. cottage pink garden loosestrife 37.Oenothera biennis. pyrethrum < previous page page_103 next page > . bay dittany-of-Crete 38. chervil 68. spicata. pin cherry 39. ostrowskianum 34. red mint comfrey 33.M.Cichorium intybus. 71.Symphytum officinale. orach115. blattaria.Mentha suaveolens. Proliferum Group. classic myrtle 'Nanus'. Madonna lily leucanthemum.M. oxeye daisy mullein 36. chicory 70.Chrysanthemum 74.A. evening 77.Yucca filamentosa.cepa.Veronica officinalis.Lysimachia vulgaris.Dianthus plumarius 75.Anthriscus cerefolium.M. wild 116.M.V. × piperita var. spearmint 107. orange mint 32.Lilium candidum.

A statue of St. With an herb garden containing hundreds of different herbs. This bed is set off by a flagstone path with a variety of creeping thymes planted in its crevices. < previous page page_104 next page > . A wheelshaped bed. of good proportion for the size of the opening.< previous page page_104 next page > Page 104 As an Herb Collector's An herb collector's garden uses every inch of planting space. is featured in it with interesting foliage for the background. where a selection of planters increases the planting area. a lathhouse is very useful and a greenhouse helpful. Francis. but not obvious. The grape stake fence camouflages such a pole cleverly here. Many gardeners are faced with a utility pole or some "necessary evil" that detracts from the garden. creates eight planting beds and is a center of interest. and is well situated for starting cuttings or growing seedlings or potting. The lathhouse work area is conveniently located. there is a circular opening cut in the fence and a niche is created. Sometimes a hanging basket of herbs is displayed here. Its many random beds are served appropriately by random flagstone paths edged with brick. not just hiding it. This herb collector's garden is readily viewed and enjoyed from the windows of the house or from the patio. its outline constructed of brick.

< previous page page_105 next page > Page 105 California .

jasmine Osmanthus fragrans. sacred basil Gardenia jasminoides. heavenly bamboo Salvia microphylla. Sidney Ephedra viridis.Designed by Owner The plants in this garden number in the hundreds. labdanum Cistus crispus. asafetida golden wattle AREA II Anacyclus officinarum. AREA IV Ixia maculata. oregano Anemone hupehensis var. bugle lily thyme Jasminum officinale. gypsywort Montia perfoliata. vetiver Brazilian-plume campion Ocimum sanctum. woolly blue-curls Doronicum pardalianches. AREA VI japonica. coral gum AREA V AREA XI Barbarea vulgaris. lemongrass Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'. Eleocharis dulcis. pink sorrel Pinus strobus 'Nana'. loquat Cichorium intybus. baby sage AREA VII Atriplex halimus. Eriobotrya japonica. AREA X Solanum jasminoides. only those not found on other lists are noted here. gardenia Eucalyptus torquata. black cumin Lilium chalcedonicum. mullein Convolvulus cneorum. California lilac Origanum vulgare var. pine AREA VIII Nigella sativa. red-leaved upland cress chicory Pogostemon cablin. patchouli Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'. wall rocket Chinese hibiscus vine Cymbopogon citratus. silverbush AREA I Potentilla nepalensis. myrrh < previous page page_105 next page > . tussock bellflower Eschscholzia californica. potato Brassica eruca. Cestrum nocturnum. night yellow ginger jessamine Teucrium marum. cat Watsonia rosea. menthifolia. white Justicia carnea. sea orach Verbascum olympicum. AREA IX Chenopodium ambrosioides. poet's Solidago californica. pellitoryTrachelospermum jasminoides. scarlet Turk's-cap Agrostemma githago. jessamine California goldenrod Nandina domestica. corn lily leopard's-bane Acacia longifolia. licorice mint Leonotis leonurus. Japanese anemone Hedychium flavescens. AREA III Monarda fistulosa var. lion's-ear prismaticum. Vetiveria zizanioides. oregano de la Sierra Agastache breviflora. Chinese water chestnut of-the-wall star Lycopus europaeus. sweet olive miner's lettuce Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Nepal cinquefoil Campanula carpatica. corn cockle Cistus ladanifer. Mexican tea Trichostema lanatum. California poppy Oxalis crassipes. ephedra Ferula assafoetida.

The exterior brick path. Another dimension is added to this design by the one-foot-high brick wall enclosing the triangle. another a Mary garden. A smaller garden requires a smaller leaf to observe good proportion. is a center of interest. or potpourri. The foliage of absinthe is fine color and texture contrast inside the wall. but also for proper leaf size. an "old rose" and fragrant. In situations other than around a church structure one might substitute specialty herbs such as lemon-scented. the deep green ivy reinforcing the triangle design on the outside. emphasizes the circle. All of the borders of ivy must be routinely clipped to restrain the ivy and keep the paths clear. its pattern bordered in correct proportion. One is a garden of legends. The use of ivy requires careful selection to secure the proper cultivar. Rue and chive are used as accents within the triangle. to name a few. which is as wide-ranging as the leaf shape of ivies. The same maintenance demands would prevail and for the same reasons. Maintenance for this garden of symbolical biblical herbs demands constant trimming for the entire garden if the design is to be kept intact. and a third a culinary garden.< previous page page_106 next page > Page 106 Of Biblical Herbs. The damask rose 'Celsiana'. a Lesser One An elementary geometric designan equilateral triangle placed within a circleproduces three planting beds for as many purposes. < previous page page_106 next page > . scented-leaf geraniums. not only for hardiness where needed.

< previous page page_107 next page > Page 107 Connecticut Designed by Contributor .

Brassica nigra. English ivy rosemary 8. garden up sage 10. blue 18. nettle star-of-Bethlehem 15.Salvia officinalis. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.Narcissus mustard 14. flax 17. English thyme 13. chive bedstraw 16.Mentha spicata. absinthe 4. sweet marjoram basil 12. mantle gray santolina < previous page page_107 next page > .Alchemilla vulgaris. chamomile 3. lady's. Linum usitatissimum. Johnny-jump.Hedera helix. Chamaemelum nobile.Rosa damascena 'Celsiana'. Chrysanthemum balsamita. Anethum graveolens.Allium schoenoprasum. sweet 21. white dead 24.Ornithogalum umbellatum. Angelica archangelica. hyssop rose 9.Ocimum basilicum.The number in each planting area is the key number.Crocus sativus. Artemisia absinthium. 1.Santolina chamaecyparissus. black 23. pot 26.Ruta graveolens. 27. Viola tricolor.Lamium album. costmary 6. rue 28. pyrethrum 5.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. yellow 25. dill 11.Origanum majorana.Calendula officinalis.19. Hyssopus officinalis. angelica 2. saffron crocus marigold 7.Galium verum. spearmint 22.20.Rosmarinus officinalis.

On either side of the entrance court there are excellent ideas to adapt for use with odd-shaped lots not uncommon in residential situations. a Greater One In keeping with the contemporary architecture of a church structure. < previous page page_108 next page > . It has a number of interesting angles in unexpected places. Trees have been used to advantage as accents and sweet woodruff allowed to run its courseas it loves tofor a ground cover. No maintenance for mowing of grass or fretting over snow mold damage is required. It is admirably suited to the needs of this garden composed of symbolic. and its enclosure by a cedar fence four feet high produces an enviable spot for this purpose in this climate. this asymmetrical design is boldly modernistic. Long beds lend themselves to the long sweeps of color a large area permits. Adequate seating for this large area is unobtrusively and skillfully gained by recessing most of the benches within the planting beds. and the colors and textures of their foliage are made more obvious by the warm tones of the brick paving. This herb garden's southern exposure is ideal for the northwest. biblical herbs representative of the faith of those who established it. The bed with a fountain for its center of interest could be used alone as an herb garden in another location.< previous page page_108 next page > Page 108 Of Biblical Herbs. The reflection pool adds a pleasing note and creates interest for the large area outside the vestibule doors and is wisely placed outside their path.

blue hyssop Dianthus caryophyllus. fastigiata. sweet Myrtus communis. costmary Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'. Turkestan rose Rosa moschata 'Bishop Darlington'. lily BED IX chinensis 'Pyramidalis'. autumn coriander Vitis aestivalis 'Fredonia'. bay Echeveria × imbricata. smoke tree juniper Alchemilla vulgaris. spearmint Mentha × piperita. lady'sBED XIV mantle BED IV Fragaria chiloensis. white sweet alyssum Lavandula angustifolia subsp. prostrate rosemary Coriandrum sativum. pink horehound Crataegus laevigata 'Paulii'. Madonna Juniperus chinensis var. Artemisia absinthium. sweet cicely wormwood Rosa damascena 'Bifera'.< previous page page_109 next page > Page 109 Washington Designed by Milton Stricker. angelica < previous page page_109 next page > . holly BED X Hyssopus officinalis. perennial flax Galium odoratum. BED XI Paul's scarlet hawthorn BED VI Melissa officinalis. blue Lamium maculatum. Myrrhis odorata. angustifolia 'Hidcote'. dwarf apple Thymus vulgaris. Architect BED I BED VII Chrysanthemum balsamita. loosestrife BED VIII Lobularia maritima. absinthe BED XV Rosmarinus officinalis mallow Artemisia gmelinii. lemon balm Mentha spicata. spotted dead passionflower BED III nettle BED XIII Linum perenne. thyme Cnicus benedictus. Russian 'Prostratus'. rue Malva alcea var. beach Monarda didyma. clove Marrubium vulgare. myrtle woodruff Lilium candidum. hen-andchickens Angelica archangelica. lavender BED XII BED II Malus 'Red Spy'. damask BED V grape Ilex wilsonii. blessed thistle Passiflora caerulea. musk rose Lythrum virgatum 'Dropmore Reflection Pool Purple'. bee balm strawberry Ruta graveolens. Cotinus coggygria. peppermint Laurus nobilis.

Viewed from the terrace garden.< previous page page_110 next page > Page 110 At a Metropolitan Garden Center This large garden. they help the design to be clearly seen in all seasons. features a closed knot of superior design. millstones. simply on a smaller scale. Appropriately used as accents. The listed shrubs and trees are possibilities for smaller gardens. and huge. There is much to be noted about the beauty of this garden. where paths enter an area or take a different direction. the relationship of its specialty gardens is obvious and the stately quality of the design can be appreciated as a whole. too. fittingly related to the structure of a metropolitan garden center. The generous use of edgings. An air of spaciousness within enclosures is gained in this manner. At the terminus the paths that intersect are expanded to accommodate the armillary. < previous page page_110 next page > . old foundation stones for walls within this garden contributes in even greater degree to this visibility throughout the year. but it has been the aim here to point out again some principles of design so carefully observed in the planning of this totally pleasing and functional garden of herbs. This is a general rule observed.

lavender 5. cheddar pink 4. gray santolina 7. This exceptional knot design is most suitably framed by the warm tones of the brick walk encircling it.Dianthus gratianopolitanus. Its unusual pattern is reminiscent of that used in Spanish gardens. Routine clipping is required. angustifolia 'Munstead'.Santolina virens. green santolina 6. A.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. Landscape Architect.Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'.Teucrium chamaedrys. and the choice of plant material has been adjusted on occasion when necessary.Hyssopus officinalis. six feet in diameter.S.Santolina chamaecyparissus. has its size dictated by a rule of design.A. and the mulch. germander 2. The beauty of its design is heightened by the contrasting colors and textures of the plant material and of the five millstones. dwarf box . of greater size than is commonly found. Design plan of herb garden 1.L.< previous page page_111 next page > Page 111 This knot. blue hyssop 3. The number in each planting area is the key number. that of good proportion. 'Tiny Rubies'. Ohio Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes.

box Myrica pensylvanica. dogwood Pinus nigra. cliff-green Cotoneaster apiculatus. cranberry cotoneaster TREES Tsuga canadensis. Austrian pine < previous page page_111 next page > . columnar yew Paxistima canbyi. Canada hemlock Crataegus phaenopyrum. box Calycanthus fioridus. goat willow Sassafras albidum. spicebush Chionanthus virginicus. beach plum Corylus avellana. Oregon grape Lindera benzoin. black haw Prunus americana. plum Prunus maritima.Detail of brick pattern SHRUBS Euonymus fortunei 'Erecta' Eunoymus fortunei 'Colorata' Buxus microphylla 'Green Pillow'. Washington hawthorn Amelanchier canadensis. bayberry Viburnum carlesii Taxus × media 'Hicksii'. sweet shrub Mahonia aquifolium. japonica. honey locust Cornus florida. European hazelnut Hamamelis vernalis. quince Magnolia virginiana. Japanese lilac tree Deutzia gracilis Viburnum prunifolium. witch hazel Cydonia oblonga 'Lusitanica'. shadbush Salix caprea. sassafras Gleditsia tricanthos. sweet bay Buxus sempervirens. fringe tree Syringa reticulata var.

It could easily be used as a focal point in smaller herb gardens. A trial garden is an idea that could be put into effect on a smaller scale in a home environment. praecox subsp. and a miscellany of others. However. The thymes were selected to border three sides of this area. As a rule. leucotrichus T. Lavandula. herba-barona. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Argenteus'. 'Doone Valley' . This area thirteen feet by thirteen feet is devoted to trying new plants for potential use in the herb garden complex. Rosmarinus. it makes a substantial contribution to the garden's continuing success. Salvia. praecox subsp. 'Annie Hall' T. the wrought-iron plant hoop is quite appealing. Currently. The benefits reaped from experimenting with new plants are substantial and ensure a place for the trial garden in the herb garden's future. arcticus 'Rosea' T. arcticus T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. Thymes Thymus 'Longwood' T. there are a number of specimens from the genera Thymus. vulgaris 'Miniature' T. Trial Garden for a Metropolitan Garden Center The trial garden is a relatively small portion of the splendid garden on the preceding pages. and brick pavers were used to segregate each species or cultivar. doerfleri T. caraway thyme T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. a two-year trial is afforded each prospect. its plant material varied.< previous page page_112 next page > Page 112 Wrought-iron plant hoop Among the features of this herb garden. silver thyme T. This maneuver and routine pruning have proved successful.

angustifolia subsp. Mexican bush sage S. leucantha. officinalis 'Purpurea'. dentata. crimson creeping thyme T. angustifolia subsp. officinalis 'Lockwood de Forest' R. French lavender Sages Salvia clevelandii. pine-scented rosemary R. praecox subsp. arcticus 'Coccineus'. golden variegated sage S. purple variegated garden sage S. gotu kola Teucrium fruticans.T. officinalis 'Prostratus'. sweet lavender L. angustifolia 'Rosea' L. greggii. officinalis 'Prostratus' R. autumn sage S. false licorice Hydrocotyle asiatica. angustifolia subsp. arcticus 'Lanuginosus'. woolly thyme T. blue sage S. tree germander Boehmaria nivea. ramie . angustifolia 'Munstead' L. angustifolia. angustissimus. golden thyme T. alpine lady's-mantle Helichrysum petiolatum. guaranitica. heterophylla. anise sage S. golden rosemary R. 'Clear Gold'. praecox subsp. involucrata. angustifolia subsp. rosy leaf sage Rosemaries Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spears' R. officinalis 'Beneden Blue' R. English lavender L. angustifolia 'Hidcote' L. nummularius Lavenders Lavandula 'Mitchum Blue' L. vulgaris 'Albus' T. angustifolia 'Gray Lady' L. officinalis 'Aurea'. officinalis 'Tuscan Blue' Miscellaneous Genera Alchemilla alpina.

Cedronella canariensis. edelweiss Greek artemisia < previous page page_112 next page > . sweet-scented Mexican marigold Leontopodium alpinum. balm-of-Gilead Tagetes lucida.

< previous page page_113 next page > Page 113 Historical Gardens < previous page page_113 next page > .

Circumstances determined these priorities. selected for their authenticity in this restoration. horsetail. which were located between the water supply. this was a garden planned for self-sufficiency. rupturewort. Primarily. L. used in salads or boiled. are still good varieties and remain available at some commercial nurseries today. Smith. for scrubbing pots. Cheloneglabra. constructed of brick made on the property. The apple trees. and a tidal stream at the foot of a long slope. obedient plant. to lure bees. Prunella vulgaris. the following used for medicinal purposes: heal-all. and the following for varied household uses: dame's violet. Sium sisarum. Physostegia virginiana. Fruit trees and a rose shrub created a quincunx pattern in each area. was built in the interesting Flemish bond pattern and was situated on a knoll overlooking the gardens. to sweeten the air. Landscape Architect < previous page page_115 next page > . New Hampshire Designed by Isadore L. Herniaria glabra. Some herbaceous plants found in the early eighteenth-century housewife's garden not commonly used today are skirret. The gardens were enclosed with a fence that supported roses and grapes and banished some wayward animals. The house. Equisetum arvense. Utility and convenience required the garden to be near the house. a well beside the house. The effect of the thought given to design is an orderly plan that allows the grounds to look appealing.< previous page page_115 next page > Page 115 For a Colonial Housewife For a 1730 housewife. and access to the resulting specialty beds was gained by ample grass paths. Hesperis matronalis. culinary. balmony. Balance was achieved by devoting the same area to the three herb beds and the scatter seed plot. a design device also used in the apple orchard to save space. family needsmedicinal. and householddictated the selection of plants for an herb garden.

as a part of the grounds around a plantation plain-style house. Picket fences were used universally in the area then and. too. These faithful reconstructions are to be greatly appreciated for many reasons. the concept of a swept yard is still considered practical by some. This retained the soil and raised the beds from the level of the yard. while functional. Today. were not without a decorative aspect and were compatible with the architecture of the structures. this is a fine example of gardens that would have been in existence around 1835. The picket fence enclosing these yards is constructed of palings that are replicas of those in an 1847 heart-pine fence extant nearby. Then herbs were grown in almost every corner with herb beds all around the periphery of the yard at the side and the rear of the house. Paths between the beds and the yard areas were swept clean with brush brooms. in an era when leisure time to do so was more limited than it is today. < previous page page_116 next page > . The familiar well house makes an appealing contribution to the overall layout of the back yard and serves also as a support for a climbing rose or a vine. The square flower bed with a grindstone center of interest reflects thought for design. Not the least of these is the thought given to making an herb growing area not only functional but appealing. and the herb beds in the side yard indicate a feeling for it.< previous page page_116 next page > Page 116 Of Plantation Plain Restored with great respect for authenticity. for a few are in use now. The planting beds were laid out with fieldstones or sapling trees placed on the ground. too. At that time flower beds were situated in the front yard area and herb beds in the back.

< previous page page_117 next page > Page 117 Georgia .

Pinus taeda.Laurus nobilis.Punica granatum. pomegranate 3. 15.Lonicera flava. wisteria 13.Allium sativum.Rosa banksiae. crape honeysuckle myrtle 4.Wisteria frutescens. Gardenia jasminoides. bay 7.Lagerstroemia indica. garlic 9. Cape jasmine 10.Syringa × persica var. Banksia rose 14.Design from Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number. rosemary 2.Rosmarinus officinalis. fig 6. 16. loblolly pine American elderberry 8. southern laciniata.Prunus angustifolia.Ficus carica. honeysuckle chickasaw plum 5.Lonicera sempervirens.Sambucus canadensis. 1. yellow 12. trumpet 11. Persian lilac wild crab apple < previous page page_117 next page > .Malus angustifolia.

one of the oldest medicinal gardens in Europe. too. The plantings make their contribution to the historical value of this garden. The white picket fence completes the enclosure from the carriagehouse to the doctor's office. The effect would be quite different without them. Italy. < previous page page_118 next page > . They include many herbs that were used for healing purposes in ancient times. Appropriately. It is a fine example of the timeless quality of some designs. Peripheral beds initiate enclosure of this herb garden and its grassy plot with bench.< previous page page_118 next page > Page 118 At a Country Doctor's Museum This medicinal herb garden is more than a fitting complement for a country doctor museum. Trumpet honeysuckle vine softens the primness of the fence and leads the eye to the meadow beyond. the landscape architect patterned the design after the Botanic Garden at Padua. It is interesting to note the course of the bricks crossing the paths to complete the circumference of the outer circle in the design. All walkways and paths are constructed with nineteenth-century handmade brick. At the time it was dedicated in December 1968 it was the only medical museum in our country dedicated solely to family doctors.

< previous page page_119 next page > Page 119 North Carolina .

Monarda didyma. spearmint 62. 66. dogwood horehound 18. 38.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. rue 56. sweet shrub 10.Rosmarinus officinalis. tansy 65.Lavandula angustifolia.Cimicifuga racemosa. Cherokee cohosh pipsissewa rose 5. great 47. saffron crocus 25.Nepeta cataria. sweet flag marigold 24.Calendula officinalis. yellow-root 7. French tarragon balm-of-Gilead 17. blue 44. box chamomile 9. sativa. fever horseradish English thyme tree 19.Santolina chamaecyparissus.Lobelia siphilitica.Crocus sativus.Ocimum basilicum. bee balm 28.Mentha spicata. sweet 27.Calycanthus fioridus. 68.Asclepias tuberosa.Sassafras albidum.Chimaphila umbellata.Tanacetum vulgare. peony 51.Gaultheria procumbens.Elizabeth Lawrence.Ruta graveolens.Populus balsamifera. balm autumn crocus 2.Hamamelis virginiana. 63.Levisticum officinale. Landscape Architect The number in each planting area is the key number.Xanthoriza simplicissima. agrimony 58. sweet 64. borage 31.Rosa laevigata. 45.Mentha × piperita. foxglove 41.Dianthus caryophyllus.Colchicum autumnale. horsemint lobelia 23.Catharanthus roseus 'Albus'.Digitalis purpurea.Teucrium chamaedrys.Lonicera sempervirens. 43.Buxus sempervirens.Artemisia abrotanum. St. mullein 49.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'. white periwinkle spicebush 13. basil chive 3. boneset rosemary apothecary's rose 6. 60.Cassia marilandica. peppermint 52.Borago officinalis.Anethum graveolens.Laurus nobilis.Salvia officinalis.Allium schoenoprasum. American holly 16.Pulmonaria officinalis. yaupon pink southernwood 12.Ilex vomitoria. 54. yarrow lungwort 22. weed John's-wort blackberry 8.Armoracia rusticana. senna woodruff 15.Hyssopus officinalis. 70. 50. wild ginger69.Acorus calamus.Hypericum perforatum.Cornus florida. 1.Lindera benzoin. myrtle 53. comfrey germander pomegranate 14.Monarda punctata.Rubus allegheniensis. garden sage 59.Paeonia officinalis. pot 48.Melissa officinalis.Agrimonia eupatoria.Marrubium vulgare. catnip 34.Mentha pulegium.Ilex opaca. 30. trumpet honeysuckle 4.Vinca minor.Lilium candidum.Achillea millefolium.Verbascum thapsus. hyssop sassafras 20. butterfly 32. bay lavender wintergreen 21.Symphytum officinale.57. black 29.Artemisia dracunculus var. clove 36. fennel 40.Eupatorium perfoliatum. lemon 26. 37.Chamaemelum nobile. 42.Asarum virginicum. dill 39.Punica granatum. Madonna lily pennyroyal < previous page page_119 next page > . 55. gray santolina witch hazel 11.Galium odoratum. fuller's teasel 67. blue 46.Foeniculum vulgare.Dipsacus sativus. 33. lovage 35. 61.Pinckneya pubens.

toowhether for their own use or to sell to others. Their herb gardens are one manner in which to grow herbs when easier harvest and greater quantities are paramount. preventives.< previous page page_120 next page > Page 120 For the Shakers The Shakers were industrious and serious herb gardeners. Commercial growers today could use a plan such as this. of herbs for one loaf of bread. the Shakers are generally credited with being the first in the United States to sell seeds locally and abroad. of herbs per pound for meat loaf. The result is a well-designed garden that is a credit to the Shakers' industry and inventiveness with herbs. In any event. Many have found this to be a good all-purpose seasoning. and fragrances they developed. for it is functional but still observes rules of balance. Shaker Herbs 2 parts sage 2 parts marjoram 1 part summer savory 1 part tarragon 1 part thyme 1 part lovage 1 part basil 1 part rosemary 1 part dillweed 1 T. Natural fibers were processed and dyed by them using their herbaceous plants. 1 T. < previous page page_120 next page > . This is true for the remedies. Perhaps this left more time and energy for creating products from herbs and collecting seeds for commercial purposes. thereby gaining knowledge for future generations by reason of their excellent recordkeeping. This recipe using dried culinary herbs is a long-time universal favorite developed by the Shakers. Theirs was no small contribution to the perpetuity and even progress of herb gardening. It is well known that the Shaker philosophy did not allow treatment of material for ornamentation.

sweet basil 13. black haw 23. caraway 19.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. winter savory 4.Rosa gallica 'Officinalis'.Mentha spicata. garden sage 8.Tanacetum vulgare. horsemint 20.Lavandula angustifolia.Artemisia absinthium. tansy 11. peppermint 18.Pyrus communis.Satureja montana. opium poppy 5.Papaver somniferum.Salvia officinalis.Carum carvi. English thyme rosemary 7.Monarda punctata.Nepeta cataria. lavender lovage 3.Marrubium vulgare.Origanum majorana.Digitalis purpurea.< previous page page_121 next page > Page 121 Massachusetts Designed by Contributor The number in each planting area is the key number.Levisticum officinale. horehound 15. blue hyssop 21. quince 24. spearmint 17.Ocimum basilicum. absinthe 9.Cydonia oblonga. catnip 16.Rosmarinus officinalis. pot marigold 2. English 10. apothecary's rose 22. sweet marjoram 6.Mentha × piperita. foxglove 12. 14.Hyssopus officinalis. pear < previous page page_121 next page > . 1.Viburnum prunifolium. Calendula officinalis.

The Moravian philosophy seemed not to discourage artistic approaches to gardens that initially had a utilitarian purpose. Some could be used singly. A single work path cut diagonally across a smaller square is the simplest. makes it something of a focal point. for example the large square bed with circular path. and to see that one or more of the beds could be used to create a complex of beds. and their tanbark paths are good contrast for the colors and textures of herbal foliage. one dated 1759. and if the best has not always survived. The main paths of brick unify the garden. a garden house is a seemly place to sit and enjoy this garden. The fence and the manufactory nearly enclose this herb garden. the other 1761. and bricks raise the beds. The beds are used to achieve balance. < previous page page_122 next page > . for its plan was based on the only extant garden plans. and the treatment of the bed about thirteen feet square. centrally located. Allowed such freedom of expression. from early Moravian settlements. Thus it was for this garden. its design so enhanced by skillful planning in the placement of functional work paths. to study it. and curved paths that meet in the middle of larger beds of the same shape.< previous page page_122 next page > Page 122 From a Moravian Settlement Still another restoration is a reminder that the past has contributed much to herb gardens and their design. A variety of vines use the picket fence for support while adding their practical and aesthetic qualities. Shaded by hop vines. a planner used work paths to create designs: diagonal paths in a rectangular bed. often it is reconstructed.

A. .A.S. Campbell.< previous page page_123 next page > Page 123 North Carolina Robert G. Landscape Architect.L.

cockscomb 47. 74. hop southernwood 39.Clematis virginiana. virgin's bower 40.Papaver rhoeas.Rosmarinus officinalis.Aquilegia vulgaris.Rosa damascena. garden nasturtium 12. annual clary 3. caraway 72. 80. love. chestnut rose 43. betony 82. clary 30.The number in each planting area is the key number.Tropaeolum majus.Pulmonaria officinalis.Rubia tinctorum.Atriplex hortensis. 68. hollyhock 51. feverfew southern magnolia 27.Ocimum basilicum. garden sage 15. blessed thistle 8. Carolina jessamine 38. corn poppy 79. polyanthus narcissus 60. madder 16.Allium sativum.Mentha × piperita.Salvia sclarea. columbine 29. horehound 56. comfrey 33.Allium schoenoprasum.Capsicum annuum Longum 75. English 78. lovage 9.Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa'.Nepeta cataria.Anethum graveolens.Narcissus tazetta.Rosa moschata.Coriandrum sativum.Cornusflorida.Scabiosa atropurpurea. elecampane 11. saffron peppermint crocus 35. English thyme 2.Symphytum officinale.Dianthus caryophyllus.Vitis. spearmint 57.Petroselinum crispum. marsh mallow 7. mugwort67. blue 63. red pepper 20. balm chive 37. rosemary49.Matthiola incana.Magnolia grandiflora. holy thistle 58.Tropaeolum minus. dogwood pink bouncing Bet 26. orach 76.Cnicus benedictus.Humulus lupulus.Alcea rosea.Ruta graveolens. catnip 70. borage 5.Chamaemelum nobile. sweet 71.Foeniculum vulgare. yarrow 4. tansy 6. rhubarb 10. fennel marjoram 28. Madonna lily 59.Gelsemium sempervirens. stock 50. dwarf nasturtium 13. lavender rose 21. parsley 32. redbud 24. 54. autumn crocus 34. garlic lungwort 36.Mentha spicata.Celosia cristata.Rosa roxburghii. chamomile 17.Cercis canadensis. sorrel 65.Artemisia vulgaris.Rosa gallica. 52.Lagerstroemia indica.Crocus sativus. lemon 64.Levisticum officinale.Ficus. dill 73. fig horseradish sweet scabious 25. poet's narcissus 61.Lilium candidum. hyssop maypop 42.Melissa officinalis. 62.Rosa centifolia.Chrysanthemum parthenium.Tanacetum vulgare. 81. absinthe 45.Silybum marianum.Consolida ambigua.Passiflora incarnata. lies-bleeding oakleaf hydrangea 22.Nigella sativa.Carum carvi.Rheum rhabarbarum.Amaranthus caudatus.Narcissus poeticus.Althaea officinalis. French rose 18.Colchicum autumnale. 66.Origanum majorana. cabbage angustifolia.Salvia officinalis. musk rose < previous page page_123 next page > .Artemisia abrotanum.Thymus 'Broad-leaf English'. sweet 55.Rosa eglanteria.Saponaria officinalis.Achillea millefolium. black cumin 46. basil moss rose 44. damask coriander rose 19.Artemisia absinthium. grape larkspur 41.Borago officinalis. eglantine Group. 48.Inula helenium.Asparagus officinalis.Marrubium vulgare.Rumex acetosa. clove 53.Hyssopus officinalis. blue 69.77. asparagus 31. 1.Lavandula angustifolia subsp. rue 14.Hydrangea quercifolia.Salvia viridis.Stachys officinalis.Bellis perennis.Armoracia rusticana. daisy crape myrtle 23.

< previous page page_125 next page > Page 125 PART III SELECTING AND ADAPTING AN HERB GARDEN DESIGN < previous page page_125 next page > .

the easier it is to visualize the relationship between structures and the area for the site of the herb garden The usually desirable southern exposure is impossible in this situation. it is proper to make a trial run. Overall plan for location of the herb garden on a very small scale. They are home to water rodents and have defied drainage by tile. There is a vegetable garden in a clearing in the back woods. This is a true account of the design of an herb garden. Usually this is least desirable. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) planted there. even boggy. far from the house. the western. to neutralize the soil and to level the slopes would be nearly impossible. and herbs have been grown there in quantitiesbut not conveniently so. and the north point is established. and it would be nice to have the garden as near the kitchen as possible. Pertinent information was gained from a survey map and the deed description of the property. A ravine and existing. they are noted as the overall plan is studied and a design is developed. but these slopes would not make a good site for an herb garden since the soil is by nature too acidic. has been in use for growing herbs edging the terraces. First. Although these sunny slopes make excellent beds for the Erica (heath). mature evergreens wanted for privacy make it impossible to locate an herb garden on the south side of the house. but the house-garage structure is low and thus casts no appreciable shade to the north except in midwinter. The only area remaining to be considered is a northern exposure. The next most desirable exposure. Calluna (heather). What about sunny areas adjacent to the brook? Those areas are wet. all of the procedures detailed on the following pages were undertaken step-by-step. Its inadequacy was worsened by a slope that drops rather sharply to another brook.< previous page page_126 next page > Page 126 A Trial Run When proposing a plan of action. an overall plan of the property was made as suggested in Part I. Adjacent to the existing workshop-drying room for herbs is an area formerly used as a driveway turnaround. The lesser the scale. Only the slopes are reasonably well drained. This space was never adequate. The eastern exposure is at the front of the house and heavily wooded. This area is ideal in several respectsit is on higher . The scale is one-eighth inch equals six feet. All that remains near the house is a northern exposure. Although some observations may seem obvious. Thus.

Herbs for wreaths and teas and tussie-mussies will grow in the L-shaped bed. It was a pleasurable assignment. another is close to the rear of the house. 77 provided the needed inspiration. certainly not precisely the same. Only two existing trees need to be felled to create a daylong. and the property line on the last. There is the housegarage structure on one side. if a garden as large as desired is to be established. sunny exposure in the spring and summer growing season. One is conveniently at the door to the drying room. all the designs in this book were thoroughly studied to determine if a portion of one of them could be used. all four sides are so determined. Especially helpful are the three gateways into the garden. The. The new herb garden has been located. The outline is fixed. but it need not be identical. the stone provides a good base of the proper pH for growing herbs. Indeed. The next step is to see if the general outline of the herb garden is predetermined by any existing structure. The smallest bed will be home for a few select dye and medicinal herbs. The Dye and Textile Herb Garden on p. The similarity is sufficient to inspire any planner in tailoring an herb garden to individual needs. as the drawing on p. a natural slope not to be tampered with on another. a driveway on still another. and the search did not take long. 127 indicates. Culinary herbs will fill a large.ground where drainage is better. Then. Potpourri and sweet bag herbs will thrive in a mediumsize bed. The general outline is similar. and it is near the herb drying area and near the kitchen. single bed. < previous page page_126 next page > .

something is amiss. There was no . forming the outer boundary of the service path. which would add countless steps to weeding or filling the beds. A staked-out plan on the spot proved the same thing.< previous page page_127 next page > Page 127 General outline of herb garden site third is a ramp that provides easy access to the driveway. This sort of mock-up of the design will make any flaws apparent. One of the more helpful steps of the ''test" thus far was staking out the proposed design on the site. It begins at the back corner of the house and continues west. The first drawing made it quite apparent that paths of three feetthought to be adequate within the herb gardenlooked skimpy. If all is well. Privacy for this area can be provided by shrubs and the existing native dogwood and spicebush. a decision regarding edgings for the beds had to be made. a desired picnic and sitting area would be situated farther north nearer the property line. this low wall will enclose the garden area. This service path continues around the west and north boundaries of the beds to the ramp entering the driveway. it is comforting to know it was discovered at a point when correcting it took little effort. use of the garden cart would have to be limited to the external service paths. With the plan established. In fact. If. and around three sides of the picnic-sitting area. as in this case. the planner is reassured and can proceed with confidence. then north. In addition. With the herb beds placed near the drying room. A service path four feet wide between the drying room and garden sets the beds away from the structure far enough to allow full sun in the growing season. This zone is to be tied into the garden area with a low stone wall of the same native stone used at the foot of the drive in the wall that forms the back of the long herb bed on the east side. It is much better to learn of problems such as ours with the garden cart in the planning stage before construction begins. So it was necessary to go back to the drawing board for a second drawing allowing the inches needed to widen the inner paths to four feet. Two drawings were required to work out problems.

First working drawing showing threefoot-wide paths within the herb garden Second working drawing showing improved design with width of inner paths increased to four feet < previous page page_127 next page > .

at the beginning of construction it became clear that this was not practical. eight. However. admittedly. and they can be tailored to the size and shape of each bed. not one completed in a weekend. In this area. To construct the joints of each timber layer so that they coincide would be more efficient. . A slight fall of approximately one-fourth inch per foot was needed to make sure surface water would drain away from the structure toward the slope. In the earlier stage of planning. Construction of this edging could not be considered easy. Before edgings could be put in place. pressure-treated timbers (four by four inches by six. it was thought best to have only the joints at corners coincide. To secure each joint and at the same time anchor the timbers to the ground. In this case. this was. the site required some leveling. The old turn-around stone made it necessary. A structural edging was in order. This left the rod flush with the top of the timber edging. a three-eighths-inch rod fifteen inches long was driven through a previously drilled hole in the joint and then into the ground. a lapped joint was fashioned. At corners. but it was a dot-it-yourself project. However. Joints were preferred for the added strength they would provide. however. Two layers of timbers were used to make the beds the desired depth. or ten feet) are generally available and relatively inexpensive. and the finished edging would be effective.< previous page page_128 next page > Page 128 Paths and beds staked out with twine question that the beds would be raised. the eight-foot length was more practical. even those other than a ninety-degree-angle.

Method of joint construction used in preparing the structural edgings < previous page page_128 next page > .

this same base underlies all the paths. The pattern is running bond. A good base of crushed stone was in place from the old turnaround. One is the ramp to the driveway. filling the beds with soil was next. These inner paths need not be of the same material as the outer service paths. A wrought-iron railing of simple design used at the back of the stone wall on the east side will continue as a hand railing down the steps by the garage. The only artifact to be used is a terra-cotta sundial. using two-by-six-inch pressure-treated timbers. Unfortunately. for they will likely have more traffic. These steps are of railroad ties and river gravel. The same railing will be used from the northwest corner of the house and at the steps to the lower terrace. This method of treatment now guarantees . This pattern is more readily laid than some of the more complicated patterns and uses less brick.< previous page page_129 next page > Page 129 Edgings partially constructed. The latter need to be more substantially paved. and sheep manure were at hand to make a good soil mix. which will become filled with weeds unless some method is discovered to make this impossible. Another is an existing set of steps that cannot be removed but must be altered to make their use easier and safer. Wide risers of railroad ties and a deep tread of river gravel create steps down the slope on the west side. Heavy black plastic. Aged compost. These will be used often for cart traffic and offer a direct avenue to a bridge and the path through the woods to a clearing and the vegetable garden. Then construction of the outline of the area to be paved was completed. with some rods not yet driven into the ground at joints With edgings in place. A choice of five colors was available. which in the past had grown vigorously on the stone base. sand. but it was necessary to loosen the stone with tilling so that it could be leveled properly and well tamped. It will be located in the center of the large bed of culinary herbs. selected for its simplicity. could serve this purpose. Bricks or river stones are good possibilities for the service paths. Five steps with a tread of fourteen inches and risers of six inches lead from the southwest corner of the herb garden to a terrace three feet lower. The crushed stone base would encourage root growth. There are no steps within the herb garden itself. but there are exits to different levels. Paving for the terraced area is brick. topped by smaller crushed stone or bark. leaves. and "woodland" paver was selected for its muted tones that blend with this wooded environment. although the angles could make it more difficult to establish a pattern in brick. Weeds. had been proof of that. so it does not compete with the design of the herb garden.

At this point the timber was easily moved to accommodate this variance of the brick. However. Paths are of river gravel of medium size to be topped later by smaller gravel of the same kind. it was found that the slight variance of size in the bricks over the sixteen feet resulted in a gap between the last brick and the retaining timber. A level was used during this construction to ensure a gentle slope for the area. on a trial run of one course of brick. The placement of timbers was calculated so a minimum cutting of brick would be needed. for the colors of the gravel blend with the edging timbers and the "woodland" pavers. Sand brushed over the finished surface and watered well helps the bricks to become well-seated. even bed for the pavers.All structural edgings completed wood life for thirty years. worth the added cost. A two-inch layer of sand topped the crushed stone base and was watered and tamped to make a firm. It is the consideration for details that enables the herb garden to take on a unified look. Some preparation was required to ready the < previous page page_129 next page > .

French drains. since that path borders the house. These channels drain into perforated plastic pipes that empty into unperforated pipes down the slope and into the brook. learned about decades earlier. the terraced area. No black plastic was used under the river gravel to discourage weeds. they were made by cutting a channel four to five inches deep in the center of each path and pitched toward the slope.< previous page page_130 next page > Page 130 paths for the stone. In this instance. With the completion of the paths. Sometimes called "rubble drains. came to mind as a practical means of improving drainage during heavier rains. . The structural edgings have come through two winters without any sign of strain. for it would interfere with the drainage system. It is possible to make some assessment of the trial now. converging where it was logical to do so. and the steps to other levels. Herbs have flourished in the beds. a practical and pleasing herb garden has been created using the recommendations prescribed." their construction can be somewhat varied. The service path running the length of the south side of the garden was also fitted with perforated drain pipe.

< previous page page_130 next page > .

and of botanical or horticultural importance requiring a name. and so on. a garden plan. having a variety of gradations. EspalierA plantoften a fruit treetrained to grow flat against a support. ludoviciana is a specific epithet and albula is a varietal epithet. hundredths of an inch. Equatorial sundialA sundial with its hour lines on a curved metal strip representing the equator. In Old World gardens water was exposed in "wells" to open air and sun to improve it for use with plants.< previous page page_131 next page > Page 131 GLOSSARY A AlléeA walk or path between two rows of formally planted trees or shrubs that are at least two times as high as the width of the walk or path. Armillary sphereAn old astronomical instrument composed of rings representing the positions of important circles of the celestial sphere. Cultivars are denoted by single quotation marks. Architects' scaleUsually a triangular section made of boxwood. EpithetA word following the name of a genus and not denoting rank. is symmetrical. F Flemish bondA pattern of brickwork consisting of alternate headers (ends of brick) and stretchers (lengths of . AsymmetryExists when elements on either side of an axis are unlike. Cutting gardenWhere plants are grown primarily for cut flowers or foliage rather than for their artistic landscape appearance. casts the shadow for the hour. in Artemisia ludoviciana var. ArborA bower of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. a straight line with respect to which a body or figure. in tenths of an inch. for example. not necessarily referable to botanical species. C Cold frameA usually glass-covered frame without artificial heat used to protect plants and seedlings. sixteenths of an inch. CordonAn espalier trained to a single horizontal shoot or to two opposed shoots so as to form one line. and so on. in inches. D Dipping bowlA device for holding water so as to water plants conveniently by dipping or setting plants into it. albula. AxisA line actually drawn and used as the basis of measurements in an architectural or other working drawing. E EllipseAn oval. but balance is maintained by equal quantity or weight. a horticultural variety or race that has originated and persisted under cultivation. often a wall or trellis. Engineer's scaleUsually a triangular section having a variety of gradations. CultivarA term derived from cultivated variety. for example: Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'. being perpendicular to the symbolic equator. twelfths of an inch. Its arrow points north and. for example.

a long-leaf pine called also Georgia pine and southern pine. Pea gravelSmall. M ManufactoryA factory. also called rubble drain. rounded fragments of rock. sometimes inert but more often organic material such as leaves or peat is used for this purpose. ForthrightA straight course or path. or colored earths. loose. H Heart-pinePinus palustris. Electric cables are more commonly used today to provide heat. Usually a few inches thick. sometimes used to produce a succession of blooms. GrindstoneMillstone. and used for forcing or for raising seedlings. its design often worked in lowgrowing evergreens. sometimes covered with earth or more stones. Flue linersSections of tile used to channel flame and smoke safely through a chimney. MoondialA dial for nocturnal use showing time by the moon's shadow. L LathhouseA structure made chiefly of laths or slats spaced to reduce excessive sunlight while permitting moderate air circulation and used for growing plants that require some shade and protection from strong winds. ParterreAn ornamental garden with paths between the beds. Preferred by those who strive for neatness.3. I InterplantTo plant a variety of compatible plants within the same bed.3). GenusThe taxonomic category ranking between the family and the species. MulchMaterial used to cover exposed soil around plants. heated especially by fermenting manure. its compartments filled with flowers. K Knot gardenAn elaborately designed garden especially of flowers or herbs. circular stone of sandstone used for grinding tools or shaping or smoothing objects. French drainA drain consisting of an underground passage made by filling a trench with loose stone. PergolaA structure usually consisting of parallel colonnades supporting an open roof of girders and cross . Ground coverLow-growing plants used to form a mat over the surface of the ground. P PalingA pale or a picket for a fence. HotbedsA bed of soil enclosed in glass. MillstoneEither of two circular stones often built up of several pieces and used for grinding grain or another substance fed through a center hole in the upper stone. roofed structure usually open on the sides. a flat. MaypoleA tall flower-wreathed pole forming a center for May Day sports and dances. G GazeboA freestanding. turf.brick) in the same course. a patterned garden. Chiefly after Shakespeare: "Here's a maze trod indeede Through fourth rights and meanders" (Tempest 3.

Q QuincunxAn arrangement of five things with one at each corner and one in the middle of a square or rectangle. an open-work arch or covering for a walk or passageway over which climbing plants are trained.rafters. a < previous page page_131 next page > .

and trimming plant material into odd or ornamental shapes. cutting. TudorA double rose with white and red for the houses of York and Lancaster. SynonymA taxonomic name (as of a species or genus) rejected as being incorrectly applied or incorrect in form or spelling or rejected in favor of another because of evidence of the priority of that other or evidence establishing a more natural genetic classification. Turf seatBanked-up earth. called also a hose cock. T TopiaryThe practice or art of training. not treelike or with a single trunk. < previous page page_132 next page > . Stone. SymmetryThe arrangement of elements equally and identically on either side of a central axis. Turfed seats were sometimes supported by wattle fences or brick walls. S ShrubA woody plant that remains relatively low and produces shoots or trunks from the base. V VarietyA category below species. walls. snug fit for walks. ranking between species and variety. TreillageLatticework for vines.< previous page page_132 next page > Page 132 manner of growing plants to save space and provide the maximum amount of room for their maturity. dressedStone cut cleanly for a more precise. It is the basic unit in classification of plants. W Wall. or steps. often planted with aromatic herbs. Sill cockA water faucet at about sill height on the outside of a building and usually threaded for attaching a hose. SubspeciesA major subdivision of a species. turfed and planted with uncultivated flowers. R Rose. dry stoneAn enclosure or a retainer made of stones or rocks and laid without mortar. StandardA shrub or herb grown with an erect main stem so that it forms or resembles a tree. The subspecies name often implies a distinct geographic distribution. Swept yardBare-ground yards and walks between beds that are clean-swept with brush brooms. Wattle fenceAn enclosure made of sapling trees laced in a latticework manner. SpeciesThis word serves as both singular and plural.

Herbs and the Fragrant Garden. 1980. New York: Macmillan. W. 1962. Doran & Co. The Cultivated Basils. Staff of. Green Enchantment. New York: Viking Press. London: Saturn Press. Henry. Mo.< previous page page_133 next page > Page 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY Arber. (Labiatae) Cultivated in the United States. 1933. 1976. 1973. Clarkson. Gertrude B. Their Origin and Evolution: A Chapter in the History of Botany. London. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1966. Handbook of Landscape Architectural Construction. Berrall. H. British Plants. 1971. Harriet Ballard. Seal.. John. Robert Lee. Brookes. New York: Macmillan. Baumgardt. . Use of Plants for the Past Five Hundred Years.: Geo. Garden City: Doubleday. Helen H. Bardswell. New York: Macmillan.. and Garden. T. New York: G. Daniel J. Sevenoaks.: Buckeye Printing Co. 1951. . 1971. Bailey Hortorium. 1979. New York: Macmillan. Behme. Ontario: Breezy Creeks Press. Aurora. Peter. Herbals. Carpenter. Cross. The Complete Book of Garden Ornaments. P. Earle. Book of the Geranium. Bailey. Crowe.. New York: E. Putnam's Sons. 1963. 1966. Helen Morgenthau. New York: Viking Press. . S. Terrace. Greenwood. Gardening with Herbsfor Flavor and Fragrance. Roses. 1980. 1958.. 1972. Brownlow. and Accessories. L. Frances A. Hanging Plants for Home. Charlotte. Complements. Erichsen-Brown. 1972. London: Marshall Cavendish. Darrah. Sun-Dials and Roses of Yesterday. 1938. John E. 1911. Hortus Third. Herbs and the Earth. Independence. P. Rosetta E. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. New York. Beston. Foster. Foster. American Society of Landscape Architects and Associated Landscape Contractors of America. Toronto.C. How Plants Get Their Names. 1935. Kent: The Herb Farm. 1961. The Garden (An Illustrated History). London: Country Life. Margaret E. 1957. The Small Garden. A Study of the Taxa of Thymus L. Herbsfor Every Garden. Gertrude B. New York: Crown Publishers. 1944. ed. Agnes. Coats. Herbs: Their Culture and Uses. 1970. L. 14701670. Prof. Garden Design. Sydney: B. New York: Hawthorne Books. Foley. 1902. London: Adam and Charles Black. Batsford. 1982. Julia S. 1942. H. and Louden. Rosemary F. Alice Morse. Dutton & Co. Room Outside. The Herb Garden. John Philip. London: Macmillan. Liberty Hyde. Jot.. Park's Success with Herbs. New York: Dover. 1951. Flannery. Sylvia. Park Seed Co. Edlin. 1977. The Outdoor How-to-Build-It Book. Fox. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Herbs. 1981.. Sylva.. The Art of Dyeing. Early American Gardens. How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property. London: George Routledge & Sons. Johns. 1978. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants. and Rice. Pozza.: Herald Publishing Co. Co. (1st American edition trans. Franco. Lerner. 1982.. New York: Crown Publishers. Lathrop. Adelma G. Loyal R. Horace. 1974. Toronto: Little. 1951. Mary U. J. Kiaer.C. New York: Macmillan. Eigel. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Dorothy Bovee. 1981. Johnson. Alice Recknagel. 1975. Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Shaker Herbs. The Concise Handbook of Roses. Elizabeth. 1946. Mass. Hay. McFarland. 1911. Helen K. Waltham. Leighton. 1964. Philippa. N. M. 1961. New York: Clarkson N. chemist. and Alma L. 1974. Lesch. ed. 1938. Sarah. George H. 1952. < previous page page_133 next page > . Lawrence. New York: Dover. New York: William Morrow and Co. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Books. How to Landscape Your Grounds. Muenscher. New York: Dover. Vicenza. Loewenfeld. The Book of Spices. Rosengarten. Ann.) Rohde. 1969. Carol. How to Select. New York: Van Nostrand. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. M.. Howard.. Philadelphia: Dorance & Co. 1973.: Livingston Pub. Jones. Miller. P. New York: Macmillan. Paul B. Wynnewood. Rev. New York: William Morrow & Co. Amy Bess. 1976. Dutton & Co. 2d ed. Eleanour Sinclair. Garden Spice and Wild Pot Herbs. New York: E. The Herb Garden. New York: Macmillan. Division Billboard Publications. Roy. 1971. Norma Jean.: Chronica Botanica Co. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. Patrick M. Alma.. 1971. Vegetable Dyeing. Potter. Frederic. Cherokee Plants. Frances. New York: Doubleday. A Biblical Garden. C. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston. New York: Viking Press. London: Faber and Faber. Simmons. 1972. Italy. Krauss. P. Landscaping with Vines. and Brunello. Lawrence. 1966. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Myron.. A. Hamel. Moldenke. 1970. .. Ireys. Geraniums for Home and Garden. Hendrickson. Bernard Hickey. Grow and Enjoy. Neri. 1976. Jr. 1969. 1979. Grieve.. Walter. Herb Gardening in Five Seasons. and Synge. 1975. Roses of the World in Color. Flowers of the Field. A Garden of Herbs. and Chiltoskey. Mrs. and Back... Pa. New York: De La Mare. Herb Gardening: Why and How to Grow Herbs. Boston. Tucson: H. Claire. The Berry Book.. Brown & Co. 1983. 1970. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Harold N. Robert. New York: Harper & Bros. Edited by Clarence Elliott. Gardens in Winter. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Claire. Plants of the Bible.Garland. Modern Herbal. Loewenfeld. 1959.

New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Container Gardening Outdoors. Toronto: Van Nostrand.< previous page page_134 next page > Page 134 Simonds. Mrs. Alfred L. 1976. Esther.. Mrs.S. Hammond Crawford. New York: Farrar. Barbara Capen. Norman. Zohary. The Shakespeare Garden.. Berkeley Brandt. Yang. Robert G. Mrs. L. New York: William Farquhar Payson. Mrs. Martin's. Jack Emil Geist.. L. Landscape Architecture.. New York: McGraw-Hill.. 1974. Herbert G.. London: Phoenix House. T. Toronto: Van Nostrand. Stearn.A. A. 1967. A. Martha Dahlen. Peter M. Malcolm. London: Phoenix House. Fragrance in the Garden. Paxton. New York: Simon & Schuster. Leonie. Stearn.L. 1979. McGarry. Mrs. Rev. Mrs.A. Mrs. William T. Nelva M. Botanical Latin. and Bell. Taloumis..A. Mrs. Rhoda Specht. New York: William Morrow & Co. L. Jo Lohmolder. Climbing Roses Old and New.D. Lamm. Neil Hamill Park.A. and Robert B. F. Bradner. Plants of the Bible. Weber. . W T..A. William Y Dear. 1962. Building Stone Walls. 1957. Shrub Roses of Today. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names. 1931.. Meyer. John Ormsbee. Donald Paxton. 1975. Revised by Dr. Sherry D. H. Wilson.. Marion E. Melissa R. New York: St. Ingersoll. Margaret Osborn Holt. Boerner. Graham. Onward and Upward in the Garden.. Herbs in the Garden. Small Gardens Are More Fun. Henry Gund. Dorothy Bovee and Jonathan Jones. Martin's Press. L. 1972. Keebler. Lucile Teeter Kissack. Mrs. 1979. Virginia B. Tarantino. Mrs. New ed.A. Marshall. 1979.L. ed. Elsetta Gilchrist Barnes. Mrs. Bush. Jr. New York: Dover.A. Hale & Co. Plimpton. Amy Bess Miller. Linda.. Morss. A. Helen Noyes. 1966. Charlotte. Winthrop G. L. Bynam. Mrs. Katherine S. Philip Batchelder.S. Mrs. The Terrace Gardener's Handbook. Price. L. Vt. Charles Patch. Smith. Charles L. Taylor. White. New York.A.L. The Fragrant Year. 1961. Mr.A. Giroux. Singleton.A.. Christopher. Vera Breed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bates. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism. . George. Susan W. CONTRIBUTORS The following have contributed garden designs used in this book: Florence B. Martin. Madalene Hill. Charlotte Erichsen-Brown. Mrs. Benjamin McF. L.A. Raymond V. James C. L.. Mrs. L. New York. Los Angeles: Crescent Books. Maxton Davies..A. John Poinier. 1972. Diane C. L..A. C. Mrs. Cozart. Z. Mrs. L. ed. Mrs.A.. 1953. Robert K. L. New York: Hafner. Thomas. Webster. 1953. Elizabeth Lawrence.. Baker. Jr. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.. W. Herbs: How to Grow Them and How to Use Them. and Mrs.A. Helen Van Pelt.The Old Shrub Roses. Austin R. James D.. William T. George T.. How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape. L. Mrs. Wilder.A. William W. Associate. Mrs. 1942.R. John.: Garden Way.A. 1972. Graham Stuart. Mrs. Pees. A.. Elisabeth W. Moffit. Mrs. Hines.. Bleecker. Gannaway. Stuart. 1965. The History of Gardens. Boston: Ralph T. Frank M. New York: Simon & Schuster. Mrs. Michael. Leonard Dreyfuss. 1982. L. Campbell. Sandy Hicks. 1976. Straus. William Radler. A. New York: Doubleday. Mrs. Indianapolis. William C. Griffin. New York: St.S. The Fragrant Garden. Vivian. Louise Beebe. .A. Thacker. . Jr.

A. Ohio. Mrs. The Emma Ormsby Griffith Memorial Garden. Jean Ruh. Edmund G.C. Mr. Ohio. Mich. Pawtucket. civic. Matthaei Botanical Gardens. John A. James F. Booker Worthen. Matthew Miksch House. Kathleen Byroads Sowers. The following provided historical. < previous page page_134 next page > . Atlanta Historical Society. L. Kingwood Center. Mansfield. Semple. University of Michigan. Derthick. Weeks Brick House. N. Hancock. L. Lansing.. Old Salem. Timothy Procter Ruh. Cleveland.. Western Reserve Herb Society. Skinner. The Garden Center of Greater Cleveland. Boerner Botanical Gardens. L. Ark. N. Eric Duke Scott. Shaker Community. Greenland.A. Faith H. Architect. Hales Corners.. Plain Dealer Photo. James S. Mrs. G. Mrs. Roberts.C. Ga..... Joan E. Elbert Smith. Hancock Shaker Village.Rady. Smith (Ann Leighton). Joe H. Bailey. Inc.. Mass. Milton Stricker. Milton C. Wisc..A. Milwaukee County Park Commission. Gayle. Inc. Mrs.H. Little Rock. The Country Doctor Museum.. Lawrence Schetky. Mrs. Linda Yang. Isadore L. Rose. R. Christopher Spencer. Frederick E. Swanson. L. Talbot III.. Nathan Sameth. Wayne County Extension and Education Center. Winston-Salem.. Mrs. N.A. Old Slater Mill Museum. Helen M. Christopher Rady. Whitman. Atlanta. Eloise andJo Ray. Mrs. Walter Rebmann. and Mrs. Linda Yang. The following provided photographs used in this book: Everest P. Harper. Mrs.. Leonard Weeks and Descendants in America. Wilcox.. Mich. Michigan State University. Ann Arbor.. Tullie Smith House Restoration. Mrs. L.I. and educational gardens: Arkansas School for the Blind.

Pimpinella anisum Pimpinella anisum . Smyrnium olusatrum Anchusa. officinalis. eupatoria Chrysanthemum balsamita Glechoma hederacea Angelica atropurpurea. sweet purple dwarf Amaranth Ambrosia Amsonia Anemone. Narcissus triandrus. Carolina Aloe Barbados Curaçao medicinal Alyssum. hyemalis Yucca filamentosa. A. barbadensis Lobularia maritima L. barbadensis A. azoricum. E. x hybrida Angelica archangelica Datura sanguinea. Y smalliana Agrimonia. Alkanna tinctoria Prunella vulgaris Calycanthus fertilis. Soleirolia soleirolii Foeniculum vulgare var. maritima Amaranthus Chenopodium botrys Amsonia tabernaemontana Anemone hupehensis. A. floridus Aloe Aloe barbadensis A. A. maritima L. Myrrhis odorata. C. Japanese Angelica Angel's-tears Anise common Musa textilis Artemisia absinthium Aconitum Eranthis.< previous page Document page_135 next page > Page 135 COMMON NAME TO BOTANICAL NAME INDEX A Abaca Absinthe Aconite winter Adam's needle Agrimony Alecost Alehoof Alexanders Alkanet All-heal Allspice.

laevis Rhododendron . officinalis. mollugo Balloon flower Balm bee Platycodon. P. P. esculentum southern wild crab Malus angustifolia thorn Apple-of-Peru Arborvitae American Archangel Arrowwood Artemisia silver-king silver mound tree Arum. F. grandiflorus Melissa M. dentatum Artemisia ludoviciana A. sylvestris Malus Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. acerifolium. Italian Asafetida Asarabacca Ash American mountain Ashweed Asparagus garden Aspen Asp-of-Jerusalem Aster. foetida Asarum Fraxinus Sorbus americana A. Lamium album Viburnum. melongena var. G. ludoviciana var. Stoke's Azalea B Baby's-breath. V. Datura Nicandra physalodes Thuja Thuja occidentalis Angelica archangelica. tremuloides Isatis tinctoria Stokesia. albula A. podagraria Asparagus A. officinalis Populus. false Galium aristatum. V. schmidtiana 'Nana' A. Solanum aculeatissimum S. lycopersicum. arborescens Arum italicum Ferula assafoetida.Apple crab gold love mad Malus. Monarda didyma Crataegus. M. S.

field lemon sweet Balm-of-Gilead hoary Balmony Balsam Bamboo, heavenly sacred Banana

Glechoma hederacea M. officinalis M. officinalis Cedronella canariensis, Populus balsamifera, P. gileadensis Agastache cana Chelone glabra Impatiens Nandina domestica N. domestica Musa

Barbe-de-capuchin Cichorium intybus Barberry blue common holly Japanese Barrenwort Basil bush lemon purple sacred sweet Bay bull California sweet Bayberry Bay-tree Bearberry common Bedstraw our-lady's white yellow Berberis Mahonia aquifolium Berberis vulgaris B. ilicifolia, Mahonia aquifolium B. thunbergii Epimedium × versicolor, E. × youngianum Clinopodium vulgare, Ocimum O. basilicum 'Minimum' O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' O. basilicum 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum O. basilicum Gordonia lasianthus, Laurus nobilis, Pimenta racemosa Magnolia grandiflora Umbellularia californica Laurus, L. nobilis, Magnolia virginiana, Persea borbonia Myrica pensylvanica Laurelia, Laurus Arctostaphylos, Rhamnus purshiana A. uva-ursi Galium G. verum G. mollugo G. verum

Bee balm Beefsteak plant Beet Begonia, winter Bellflower tussock willow Benjamin bush Benzoin Bergamot wild Betony woolly Bilberry Bindweed Bine Birch, white Bishop's weed Bitter Indian

Monarda, M. didyma Acalypha wilkesiana, Iresine herbstii Perilla, P. frutescens var. crispa Beta Bergenia ciliata Campanula, Wahlenbergia Campanula carpatica C. persicifolia Lindera benzoin L. benzoin Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia, Monarda didyma Monarda, M. fistulosa Stachys, S. officinalis S. byzantina, S. olympica Vaccinium, V. myrtillus Convolvulus Humulus lupulus Betula papyrifera Aegopodium podagraria, Ammi majus Tropaeolum

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Blackberry sow-teat Black-eyed Susan

Rubus, R. allegheniensis R. allegheniensis Rudbeckia hirta

Blacking plant Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Bleeding heart Dicentra spectabilis Bloodroot Bluebell, Spanish Bluebells Virginia Blueberry Blue-curls woolly Blue-devil Bluestar Blueweed Boneset common Borage Sanguinaria, S. canadensis Endymion hispanicus Mertensia, M. virginica M. virginica Vaccinium Trichostema, Phacelia congesta T. lanatum Echium vulgare Amsonia, A. tabernaemontana Echium vulgare Eupatorium, E. perfoliatum Symphytum officinale Eupatorium perfoliatum Borago officinalis

Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis Box common dwarf dwarf edging Korean Buxus B. sempervirens B. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' B. microphylla var. koreana

mountain Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Boxwood Bracken Brake canker hogBuxus Pteridium, P. aquilinum Pteridium, P. aquilinum, Pteris Polystichum acrostichoides Pteridium aquilinum

pasture pasture Bramble Brazilianplume Brooklime Broom dyer's Scotch Brussels sprouts Buckhorn Bugbane Bugleweed carpet Bugloss viper's Burnet P. aquilinum Rubus Justicia carnea Veronica Cytisus, C. supinus, Genista, G. germanica Genista tinctoria Cytisus scoparius Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group Osmunda cinnamomea, Plantago lanceolata Cimicifuga Ajuga, Lycopus Ajuga reptans Anchusa, A. officinalis Echium Sanguisorba, Poterium sanguisorba

Canadian Sanguisorba canadensis garden salad Poterium sanguisorba P. sanguisorba

Burning bush Combretum microphyllum, Dictamnus albus, Euonymus atropurpurea, Kochia scoparia var. culta Buttercup Butterfly flower Ranunculus Asclepias, Bauhinia monandra, Schizanthus

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Butter-print C Cabbage wild Calamint Calamus Calico bush Calliopsis Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group B. oleracea Calamintha, C. grandiflora Acorus calamus Kalmia latifolia Coreopsis tinctoria Abutilon theophrasti

Campion rose Candleberry swamp Candytuft edging Caraway Cardinal flower blue Carnation Cart-track plant Cassena Cassina Cassine Catchfly Catmint Catnip Cedar red Celandine greater lesser tree Celeriac Celery wild Century plant Chamomile garden Russian Chard Swiss Checkerberry Cherry clammy ground

Lychnis, Silene, Lychnis coronaria L. coronaria Myrica cerifera, M. pensylvanica M. pensylvanica Iberis I. sempervirens Carum carvi Lobelia cardinalis, Sinningia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Dianthus caryophyllus Plantago major Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria Lychnis, Silene Nepeta, N. cataria, N. × faassenii N. mussinii N. cataria Cedrus Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Juniperus virginiana Chelidonium, C. majus C. majus Ranunculus ficaria Macleaya cordata Apium graveolens var. rapaceum Apium graveolens var. dulce A. graveolens, Vallisneria americana Agave, A. americana Anthemis, Chamaemelum nobile C. nobile C. nobile Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group B. vulgaris, Cicla Group Gaultheria procumbens

Physalis heterophylla

ground Jerusalem pin Cherry-pie Chervil sweet Chestnut Chinese water Chickweed Chicory common red-leaved Chive Chinese garlic Ciboule Cicely sweet Cinquefoil Nepal shrubby three-toothed Cive Clary annual Cleavers Clematis Cliff-green Clover red Cockle corn purple Cocklebur

Physalis, P. heterophylla, P. peruviana, P. pubescens Solanum pseudocapsicum Prunus pensylvanica Heliotropium arborescens Anthriscus cerefolium Myrrhis odorata Castanea Eleocharis dulcis Paronychia, Stellaria, S. media Cichorium C. intybus C. intybus Allium schoenoprasum A. tuberosum A. tuberosum Allium fistulosum

Myrrhis odorata, Osmorhiza Potentilla P. nepalensis P. fruticosa P. tridentata Allium schoenoprasum Salvia sclarea S. viridis Galium Clematis lanuginosa, C. × jouiniana Paxistima canbyi Trifolium T pratense Vaccaria pyramidata Agrostemma, A. githago A. githago Agrimonia, A. eupatoria, Huernia pillansii

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Primula veris Pulmonaria officinalis Mertensia virginica Malus M. M. angustifolia. deltoides Campsis radicans.< previous page Document page_137 next page > Page 137 Cockscomb Cohosh black Colchicum Cole red Coltsfoot Columbine garden white yellow Comfrey white Coneflower Cool-tankard Coriander Roman Cornel Costmary Cotoneaster. coronaria . chrysantha Symphytum S. B. Acephala Group Armoracia rusticana Galax urceolata. officinale Dracopsis amplexicaulis. alpina 'Alba' A. Mertensia virginica. P. oleracea. Rhus radicans Caltha palustris. cranberry Cotton lavender upland Cottonwood Cow-itch Cowslip Jerusalem Virginia Crab American Celosia cristata Actaea Cimicifuga racemosa Colchicum autumnale Brassica. vulgaris A. Tussilago farfara Aquilegia A. Rudbeckia Borago officinalis Coriandrum sativum Nigella sativa Cornus Chrysanthemum balsamita Cotoneaster apiculata Gossypium Santolina chamaecyparissus Gossypium hirsutum Populus.

C. M. vulgaris Crocus Colchicum. macrocarpon. B. Lepidium sativum Barbarea. autumnale Crocus sativus Ranunculus Aquilegia vulgaris Fritillaria imperialis Calotropis gigantea. coronaria.wild Cranberry hog Cranesbill spotted wild Creashak Creme-de-menthe plant Cress garden Indian upland winter Crocus autumn saffron Crowfoot European Crown-imperial Crown plant Cuckoo flower Cumin black Currant alpine garden mountain red Curry plant Cypress. Italian D Daffodil M. Campsis Cardamine pratensis. M. verna. alpinum R. sativum R. asturiensis winter Sternbergia lutea . B. vitis-idaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Geranium G. V. pseudonarcissus miniature N. N. maculatum G. sativum Helichrysum angustifolium Cupressus sempervirens Narcissus. Lychnis flos-cuculi Cuminum cyminum Nigella sativa Ribes R. ioensis Vaccinium. maculatum Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mentha requienii Lepidium sativum Tropaeolum majus Barbarea. V. alpinum R. angustifolia.

R. obtusifolius Rumex R. triphyllum . Sansevieria. x superbum Hemerocallis. lilioasphodelus. lilioasphodelus H. leucanthemum English Bellis perennis oxeye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum painted C. Physostegia false Dragonroot Arisaema dracontium. A. C. Tacca chantrieri Osmanthus Deutzia. R.Dandelion Daisy Taraxacum. rivieri. gracilis Anethum graveolens Cunila. T officinale Bellis. obtusifolius R. A. acetosa. D. H. Ferocactus latispinus. × luteola Cedrus deodara Clematis virginiana Amorphophallus. frutescens C. Hosta H. florida Donkey's tail Sedum morganianum Dove's-dung Ornithogalum umbellatum Dragonhead. Chrysanthemum frutescens. crispus Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium Dogwood Cornus flowering C. Dictamnus albus Origanum dictamnus Dianthus caryophyllus Rumex R. coccineum Paris Shasta Daylily lemon yellow Deodar Devil'sdarningneedle Devil'stongue Devilweed Deutzia Dill Dittany Crete Divine flower Dock bitter broad sorrel sour C. crispus.

Lychnis coronaria. sativa Nigella Fumaria officinalis Leontopodium alpinum Solanum melongena var. Senecio cineraria. viravira E Earth-smoke Edelweiss Eggplant Eglantine Elaeagnus thorny Elder. damascena. Spirodela Dusty-miller Artemisia stellerana. gymnocarpa.Dropwort Duckweed Filipendula vulgaris Lemna. C. S. esculentum Rosa eglanteria Elaeagnus E. arvensis. elderberry American sweet Elecampane Epimedium Eryngo sea Estragon Eucalypt Everlasting white-leaf F Fat-hen Fennel bronze dog Florence wild Fennel flower Fern Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides Chenopodium bonus-henricus Foeniculum vulgare F. Helipterum Helichrysum angustifolium . canadensis Sambucus canadensis Inula helenium Epimedium Eryngium E. maritimum Artemisia dracunculus Eucalyptus Anaphalis. N. C. azoricum Nigella. vulgare Anthemis cotula Foeniculum vulgare var. Centaurea cineraria. Gnaphalium. ragusina. pungens Sambucus S. Helichrysum. Antennaria. N. N. Chrysanthemum ptarmiciflorum.

cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea < previous page page_137 next page > .

× germanica I. azoricum Ephedra Pyracantha Potentilla Iris. I. regalis Adiantum. P. americana Foeniculum vulgare var. I. joint Fire thorn Five-finger Flag blue myrtle poison sweet water yellow Flagroot Flamingo plant Flannel plant Flax perennial Polystichum acrostichoides Adiantum pedatum Anemia. virginica Acorus calamus Iris versicolor Acorus calamus Iris pseudacorus I. pseudacorus Acorus calamus Justicia carnea Verbascum thapsus Linum. perenne . A. O. L. carica Corylus C. braunii Comptonia peregrina Chrysanthemum parthenium Pinckneya pubens Osmunda cinnamomea Ficus F.< previous page Document page_138 next page > Page 138 dagger five-finger flowering maidenhair northern maidenhair shield sweet Feverfew Fever tree Fiddleheads Fig common Fig tree Filbert American Finocchio Fir. versicolor. carica F. usitatissimum L. Osmunda. pedatum Adiantum pedatum Polystichum.

× germanica Myosotis M. × hortorum P. P. sylvatica Digitalis D. scabrum P graveolens 'Camphor Rose' P. grossularioides P radens P. tuberosum A.Fleabane Fleece flower Fleur-de-lis Forget-me-not garden Foxglove common Grecian yellow Fraxinella Fringe tree Fritillary Fumitory hedge G Gardenia Garlic daffodil giant Oriental round-headed serpent society Gas plant Geranium almond apple apricot camphor-scented coconut crowfoot English finger-bowl eucalyptus-scented feather Gardenia Erigeron Polygonum Iris. quercifolium P. odoratissimum P. neapolitanum A. purpurea D. lanata D. sativum var. Pelargonium. I. Fumaria C. × domesticum 'Clorinda' Chenopodium botrys . ophioscorodon Tulbaghia violacea Dictamnus albus Geranium. × limoneum P. lutea Allium sativum A. sphaerocephalum A. grandiflora Dictamnus albus Chionanthus virginicus Fritillaria Corydalis lutea. scorodoprasum A.

× nervosum P. crispum P. canadense T. virginicum Costus speciosus Hedychium flavescens Aruncus. chamaedrys T. × jatrophifolium P. A.fern-leaf filbert gooseberry herb-scented lemon lime maple-leaved mint nutmeg oak-leaved orange peppermint pheasant's-foot pine rose rose-scented southernwood strawberry sweet-scented village-oak wild zonal Germander American tree Gill-over-the-ground Gillyflower Ginger Canton European true wild yellow Goatsbeard Pelargonium denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. scabrum P graveolens P. fruticans Glechoma hederacea Matthiola incana Zingiber. capitatum P. T. tomentosum P. officinale Asarum europaeum Zingiber officinale Asarum. abrotanifolium P. P. denticulatum P. 'Concolor Filbert' P grossularioides P. T. canadense. glutinosum. graveolens P. × citrosum P. Z. quercifolium P. acerifolium Chrysanthemum balsamita Pelargonium fragrans P. A. pratensis . officinale Z. Tragopogon. tomentosum P. quercifolium Geranium maculatum Pelargonium × hortorum Teucrium.

Golden-buttons Goldenrod California Goldenseal Goldthread Good-luck plant Gooseberry Goosefoot Gotu kola Goutweed Grape bear's European holly mountain Oregon wine Grass China fever oil pudding rib: see ribgrass ripple: see ripplegrass scorpion Green-dragon Greenweed. nervosa V. dyer's Gum Australian coral lemon-scented Gum tree Gypsyweed Gypsywort Tanacetum vulgare Solidago S. Sansevieria Ribes Chenopodium. C. citriodora Eucalyptus Veronica officinalis Lycopus europaeus . Vitis monticola. vinifera 'Purpurea' Boehmeria nivea Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon Hedeoma pulegioides Plantago lanceolata Plantago lanceolata Myosotis Arisaema dracontium Genista tinctoria Eucalyptus E. Californica Hydrastis canadensis Coptis. torquata E. trifolia Cordyline terminalis. C. M. bonus-henricus Hydrocotyle asiatica Aegopodium podagraria Vitis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Vitis vinifera 'Purpurea' Mahonia Mahonia aquifolium. V. Oxalis deppei. rupestris Mahonia aquifolium.

golden Larix laricina. Populus balsamifera Potentilla fruticosa < previous page page_138 next page > .H Hackmatack Hardhack.

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Harebell, southern Campanula divaricata Harvest-lice Haw black possum red sweet Hawthorn English Paul's scarlet Washington Hazel witch Hazelnut European Heal-all Healing herb Heartsease Hedge plant Helenium Heliotrope garden Hellebore Helmet flower Hemlock Canada Hemp bowstring Cuban Deccan Deckaner Agrimonia Virburnum, V. nudum Bumelia lanuginosa, Viburnum lentago V. prunifolium Ilex decidua, Viburnum acerifolium V. nudum Crataegus Viburnum prunifolium Crataegus, C. arkansana C. laevigata, C. monogyna C. laevigata 'Paulii' C. phaenopyrum Corylus Hamamelis, H. virginiana, H. vernalis Corylus C. avellana Prunella vulgaris Symphytum officinale Viola × wittrockiana, V. tricolor Ligustrum Helenium autumnale Heliotropium, H. arborescens Valeriana officinalis Helleborus Aconitum napellus, Sinningia cardinalis Conium maculatum, Tsuga Tsuga canadensis Cannabis sativa Calotropis gigantea, Sansevieria Furcraea hexapetala Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus

Indian Manila sisal Hemp plant

H. cannabinus, Apocynum cannabinum Musa textilis Agave sisalana Agave sisalana, Sansevieria

Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Sempervivum soboliferum S. tectorum Henequen Herb Gerard Herb-of-grace Herb Robert Herniary Hibiscus Chinese Hawaiian Hickory shagbark shellbark Holly American box-leaved Burford's Chinese horned Japanese sea Wilson's Hollyhock, common Holm, sea Honesty Honeyshuck Honeysuckle coral trumpet yellow Agave fourcroydes Aegopodium podagraria Ruta graveolens Geranium robertianum Herniaria Hibiscus H. rosa-sinensis H. rosa-sinensis Carya C. ovata C. ovata, C. laciniosa Ilex I. opaca I. crenata I. cornuta 'Burfordii' I. cornuta I. cornuta I. crenata Eryngium maritimum I. wilsonii Alcea rosea Eryngium maritimum Lunaria, L. annua Gleditsia triacanthos Aquilegia canadensis, Justicia californica, Lonicera, Rhododendron prinophyllum Lonicera sempervirens Campsis radicans, Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera flava

Hop common European Horehound common silver water white Horsefly Horseheal Horsemint Horseradish Horsetail Houseleek common roof Huckleberry Hyacinth, grape wood Hydrangea, oakleaf Hyssop anise blue blue giant fennel giant

Humulus H. lupulus H. lupulus Marrubium M. vulgare M. incanum Lycopus M. vulgare Baptisia tinctoria Inula helenium Monarda, Mentha longifolia, Monarda punctata Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense, E. hyemale Sempervivum S. tectorum S. tectorum Gaylussacia, Vaccinium Muscari Endymion Hydrangea quercifolia Hyssopus, H. officinalis Agastache foeniculum Hyssopus officinalis Agastache foeniculum A. foeniculum

fragrant giant A. foeniculum giant rose white I Immortelle Indigo blue false Helichrysum, Xeranthemum annuum Indigofera Baptisia australis Agastache H. officinalis 'Rosea' H. officinalis 'Alba'

false plains wild wild wild blue Inkberry Insect flower Dalmation Persian Iris crested crested, dwarf Florentine yellow wild Irish-lace Ironbark Ivry-leaves Ivy Baltic English ground Ivybush J Jacinth, Spanish Jack-in-thepulpit

Amorpha, A. fruticosa, Baptisia Baptisia australis Baptisia, B. tinctoria B. australis Ilex glabra

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium C. coccineum Iris Iris cristata Iris cristata I. × germanica var. florentina I. pseudacorus I. versicolor Tagetes filifolia Eucalyptus Gaultheria procumbens Cissus, Hedera, Kalmia latifolia Hedera helix 'Baltica' H. helix Glechoma hederacea Kalmia latifolia

Endymion hispanicus Arisaema triphyllum

Jacob's-ladder Pedilanthus tithymaloides subsp. tithymaloides, Polemonium, P. caeruleum, P. reptans, Smilax herbacea Jasmine Cape Carolina Jasminum Gardenia jasminoides Gelsemium

confederateTrachelospermum jasminoides, Jasminum nitidum star J. gracillimum, J. multiflorum, J. nitidum, Trachelospermum jasminoides

Jaundice berry Berberis vulgaris



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Carolina yellow night poet's yellow Jewelweed Job's-tears Johnny-jump-up Judas tree Juneberry Juniper creeping Jute bastard bimli bimlipatum China K Kale Kenaf Khas-khas Khus-khus King's-crown Kinnikinick Knotweed Kohlrabi L Labdanum or ladanum Ladies'-delight Lady's-earrings

Gelsemium Cestrum nocturnum Jasminum officinale Gelsemium Impatiens, I. capensis, I. pallida Coix lacryma-jobi Viola pedunculata, V tricolor Cercis, C. siliquastrum Amelanchier Juniperus, J. chinensis var. chinensis J. horizontalis Corchorus capsularis Hibiscus cannabinus H. cannabinus H. cannabinus Abutilon theophrasti

Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group Hibiscus cannabinus Vetiveria zizanioides V. zizanioides Justicia carnea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Polygonum, P. hydropiperoides Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group

Cistus ladanifer Viola × wittrockiana Impatiens capensis

Lady's-mantle alpine Lamb's-ears Larkspur rocket Laurel Lavender English French sea spike sweet Leather flower Leek lily wild Lemon Chinese dwarf dwarf Meyer Lemongrass West Indian Leopard's-bane Lettuce garden miner's Lichen Licorice false Licorice plant Lilac California Japanese Persian Lily

Alchemilla A. alpina Stachys byzantina, S. olympica Consolida, C. orientalis, Delphinium Consolida ambigua Cordia alliodora, Ficus benjamina, Kalmia, Laurus, L. nobilis Lavandula L. angustifolia L. dentata, L. dentata var. candicans, L. stoechas Limonium Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia L. heterophylla Clematis, C. versicolor, C. viorna, C. virginiana Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group A. moly A. ampeloprasum, A. tricoccum Citrus limon C. limon C. limon C. limon Cymbopogon citratus C. citratus Doronicum, D. pardalianches, Senecio doronicum Lactuca L. sativa Montia perfoliata Parmelia conspersa Glycyrrhiza glabra Helichrysum petiolatum H. petiolatum Syringa, S. patula, S. vulgaris Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' S. reticulata var. japonica S. persica, Melia azedarach Lilium

virgatum Lysimachia vulgaris Pedicularis canadensis Levisticum officinale Smyrnium olusatrum Nigella damascena. L. W. Lilium parryi Lilium candidum. rosea Ixia maculata Hosta plantaginea Hedychium Hedychium Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Sempervivum Lobelia L. majalis Liriope. Passiflora foetida Amaranthus caudatus Sansevieria Mertensia. muscari Leonotis leonurus Physostegia Agastache cana Sedum telephium. Pulmonaria . triacanthos Eriobotrya japonica Lysimachia.African corn bugle corn fragrant plantain garland ginger lemon Madonna midsummer plantain plantain scarlet Turk's-cap Lily-of-the-field Lily-of-the-valley Lilyturf big blue Lion's-ear Lion's-heart Lion's-tail Live-forever Lobelia great Locust honey sweet Loquat Loosestrife garden Lousewort Lovage black Love-in-a-mist Love-lies-bleeding Lucky plant Lungwort Ixia Watsonia. Ophiopogon L. Eucharis grandiflora Hosta undulata 'Erromena' Hosta Lilium chalcedonicum Anemone. Lythrum. triacanthos G. Sternbergia lutea Convallaria. siphilitica Robinia Gleditsia. C. G.

stellata Mahonia aquifolium Adiantum A. theophrasti Althaea officinalis Abelmoschus M Mace. Podophyllum peltatum Arctostaphylos Acer Abutilon Abutilon Chrysanthemum frutescens. M. patula Calendula officinalis T. pedatum Hibiscus. fastigiata Hibiscus Abutilon. erecta T. C. A. lucida . moschata Hibiscus Althaea officinalis Mandragora. Malva. leucanthemum Anthemis tinctoria Tagetes T. erecta T. grandiflora M. officinalis Tagetes lucida Rubia tinctorum Magnolia M. holly Maidenhair American Mallow giant Indian marsh musk rose white Mandrake Manzanita Maple flowering parlor Marguerite golden Marigold African Aztec big French pot signet sweet-scented P. tenuifolia T. erecta T. M. sweet Madder Magnolia southern star Mahonia. Malva. alcea var.

< previous page page_140 next page > .

S. dictamnus O. heracleoticum Angelica atropurpurea. × piperita var. R. A. montanum Matricaria Passiflora incarnata Filipendula. onites O. Monarda citriodora Agastache breviflora Mentha aquatica var. Heracleum sphondylium subsp. spicata Monarda punctata eau de Cologne Mentha lemon licorice orange pineapple M. citrata M. aquatica var. Mimusops elengi Eriobotrya japonica Mentha requienii Reseda. × piperita var. suaveolens M.< previous page Document page_141 next page > Page 141 Marjoram annual golden hop pot sweet wild winter sweet Masterwort Matricary Maypop Meadowsweet Mealberry Medlar Japanese Menthella Mignonette Milfoil Milkweed Mint apple bergamot Corsican curly dotted Origanum. requienii M. citrata M. citrata. majorana O. Spiraea alba. vulgare O. suaveolens 'Variegata' . odorata Achillea millefolium. Astrantia. crispii M. citrata M. majorana O. piperita var. Myriophyllum Asclepias Mentha M. O. major. vulgare 'Aureum' O. latifolia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Mespilus. vulgare O.

Myrrhis odorata. blattaria Brassica Myrrhis. Azolla caroliniana. alba Verbascum. Umbellularia californica. V. Myrtus. arcticus Paxistima canbyi Scabiosa atropurpurea Artemisia. M. vulgaris A. × gentilis M. × gentilis Hedeoma pulegioides Mentha aquatica Helianthus annuus Lunaria Mimulus Aconitum. Astrophytum myriostigma Ipomoea alba Lunaria Ipomoea Convolvulus cneorum Agastache cana. Sansevieria trifasciata Thymus praecox Scotch squaw water Mirasol Money plant Monkey flower Monkshood Moonflower Moonwort Morning-glory bush Mosquito plant Mother-in-law'stongue Mother-of-thyme Mountain-lover Mourning-bride Mugwort white Mulberry American white Mullein moth Mustard Myrrh Myrtle classic crape. thapsus V. Cynanchum ascyrifolium Gasteria. A. olympicum. Vinca minor Myrtus communis Lagerstroemia indica Myrtus communis Vinca minor Myrtus communis Myrica cerifera . lactiflora Morus M. Cistus crispus Cyrilla racemiflora. crepe Greek running Swedish wax M. communis. V. rubra M.

V. album Boehmeria Stachys Lamium maculatum Cnidoscolus texanus. majus T. V. poeticus N. P. majus Hydrocotyle Urtica Lamium. opulifolius 'Nanus' Achillea millefolium Nigella sativa .N Nannyberry Nap-at-noon Narcissus poet's polyanthus Nasturtium dwarf garden tall Navelwort Nettle dead dumb false hedge spotted dead stinging white dead Nicotiana Ninebark dwarf Nose-bleed Nutmeg flower O Oak Jerusalem post Obedience Obedient plant Old-maid Old-man Old-man-and-woman Quercus Chenopodium botrys Quercus stellata Physostegia. album L. Urtica dioica Lamium album Nicotiana alata Physocarpus P. minus T. prunifolium Ornithogalum umbellatum Narcissus N. nudum. virginiana Physostegia Catharanthus roseus Artemisia abrotanum Sempervivum tectorum Viburnum lentago. L. tazetta Tropaeolum T.

I. O. Urginea maritima Allium fistulosum A. cepa. telephium Iris × germanica var. prismaticum Monarda fistulosa var. A. vulgare var. fistulosum A. Indian Chionanthus virginicus.Old-man's-beard Olive fragrant sweet tea Onion Egyptian flowering Japanese bunching sea Spanish tree two-bladed Welsh Orach garden Orange hardy trifoliate Orchid. Vittaria lineata Olea europaea Osmanthus fragrans O. menthifolia Origanum heracleoticum Sedum. cepa. A. florentina. cepa A. fistulosum Atriplex. hortensis Poncirus trifoliata P. pallida Salix Primula elatior Asclepias tuberosa. Proliferum Group Allium neapolitanum Allium fistulosum Ornithogalum caudatum. Scilla verna. fragrans Allium. trifoliata Ophrys apifera Origanum. bee Oregano de la Sierra Greek Orpine Orris Osier Oxlip P Paintbrush. fragrans O. C. hortensis A. Proliferum Group A. Castilleja californica. coccinea < previous page page_141 next page > . S.

A. lactiflora P lactiflora P. water Peony Chinese garden white Yucca filamentosa Copernicia macroglossa Cyperus alternifolius Viola × wittrockiana V. pulsatilla Passiflora P. crispum var. lactiflora P lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' . P. caerulea Pogostemon cablin Prunus persica Campanula persicifolia Pyrus. crispum P.< previous page Document page_142 next page > Page 142 Palm needle petticoat umbrella Pansy garden Paradise plant Parsley Chinese curly Italian Parsnip wild Pasqueflower Passionflower blue Patchouli Peach Peach-bells Pear Pecan Pellitory-of-the-wall Penny flower Pennyroyal American mock Pennywort. pulegioides Hydrocotyle Paeonia. patens. neopolitanum Pastinaca. Pyrus communis Carya illinoinensis Anacyclus officinarum Lunaria annua Mentha pulegium Hedeoma pulegioides H. sativa Angelica archangelica Anemone nuttalliana. × wittrockiana Justicia carnea Petroselinum crispum Coriandrum sativum Petroselinum crispum var. P. A.

frutescens C. Longum Group sweet Capsicum. annuum. frutescens Lepidium Mentha × piperita Lepidium. annuum. annuum. annuum.Pepper bell capsicum cayenne chili Capsicum. C. Conoides Group Capsicum. Longum Group Capsicum. P frutescens Catharanthus. paniculata Abutilon theophrasti Rheum rhabarbarum Amaranthus hybridus. Piper C. Conoides Group red Capsicum. C. annuum. Longum Group C. Vinca V minor Catharanthus roseus C. retroflexus. A. Grossum Group C. C. C. Grossum Group mild water ornamental Polygonum hydropiperoides Capsicum. C. C. Longum Group cone green C. annuum. annuum. Marsilea Perilla. annuum. paniculata P. roseus C. roseus 'Alba' Petunia x hybrida Phlox P. album Ranunculus ficaria . Grossum Group Tabasco Tabasco-sauce Peppergrass Peppermint Pepperwort Perilla Periwinkle lesser Madagascar rose white Petunia Phlox perennial white Pie-marker Pie-plant Pigweed Pilewort C. annuum. Chenopodium.

Prunus japonica. watsonii P maritima P. americana . nigra P strobus P taeda P. Spigelia marilandica Lychnis coronaria Armeria. Sabatia stellaris Berberis vulgaris Chimaphila. cisatlantica Pinus strobus Calycanthusfloridus Paeonia officinalis subsp. Scabiosa Scabiosa atropurpurea Pinus P. plumarius. plumarius D. gratianopolitanus D. taeda Chimaphila. maritima P angustifolia Eriobotryajaponica.Pincushion flower Pincushions Pine Austrian Eastern white frankincense loblolly old-field Prince's white Pineapple shrub Piney Pink alpine cheddar clove cottage grass Indian mullein sea Piprage Pipsissewa Plantain common Pleurisy root Plum American beach chickasaw Japanese sand shore wild Leucospermum. Calopogon Lobelia cardinalis. caryophyllus D. Silene laciniata. Plantago P. umbellata var. M. taeda P. C. C. P salicina P angustifolia. alpinus D. umbellata var. major Asclepias tuberosa Prunus americana P. officinalis Dianthus D. × paradisiaca. P. cisatlantica Musa acuminata. angustifolia var.

Liriodendron tulipifera P. S. americana Phytolacca Phytolacca Punica granatum Anagallis arvensis Populus. carnea Phytolacca americana P. rhoeas P. biennis P. P. canescens Sanguinaria canadensis Hydrastis < previous page page_142 next page > . somniferum Macleaya cordata Solanum jasminoides. L. californica Papaver rhoeas P rhoeas P. E. vulgaris P vulgaris Oenothera. 0. balsamifera P.Plume flower Plume plant Poke Virginian Pokeberry Pokeweed Pomegranate Poor-man'sweatherglass Poplar balsam rough-barked Poppy California corn field Flanders opium plume Potato vine Prim Primrose English evening white Privet common Puccoon red yellow Justicia carnea J. wendlandii Ligustrum vulgare Primula. vulgare Lithospermum. sieboldii 'Alba' Ligustrum L. balsamifera Papaver Eschscholzia.

canadensis C. R. rhabarbarum Plantago Mertensia virginica Allium sativum. sativum var. ophioscorodon Barbarea vulgaris. P. C. canadensis Geranium robertianum Ceanothus Rheum. Hesperis . C. rhabarbarum R. A. pepo Portulaca. cinerariifolium Queen-of-the-meadow Quince R Ragged-robin Ramie Rampion German Rattletop Rattleweed Redbud white eastern Red Robin Redroot Rhubarb garden Ribwort Roanoke-bells Rocambole Rocket Filipendula ulmaria Cydonia oblonga Lychnis flos-cuculi Boehmeria nivea Campanula rapunculus Oenothera biennis Cimicifuga Baptisia tinctoria Cercis. coccineum C. Diplotaxis. pepo C. oleracea Montia perfoliata Antennaria Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium.< previous page Document page_143 next page > Page 143 Pulmonaria Pumpkin autumn summer Purslane winter Pussy-toes Pyrethrum Dalmatia Q Pulmonaria officinalis Cucurbita C.

brier burnet cabbage Cherokee chestnut China Chinquapin Christmas climbing damask dog fairy French Harison's yellow hybrid Bourbon hybrid perpetual Japanese Lenten memorial moss musk Hesperis matronalis Reseda luteola Hesperis matronalis Brassica eruca Barbarea vulgaris Eruca vesicaria subsp. canina R. × borboniana Kerria. R. gallica 'Officinalis' R. sativa Salvia Trichostema lanatum Eruca vesicaria subsp. damascena R. roxburghii Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. banksiae R. gallica R. roxburghii Helleborus niger Rosa setigera R. centifolia R. laevigata R. chinensis 'Minima' R. × harisonii R. Rubus coronarius R. sativa Rosa R. moschata . centifolia 'Muscosa' R. × borboniana R. spinosissima R. damascena 'Bifera' R.dame's dyer's sweet wall yellow Rocket-salad Romona Romero Roquette Rose apothecary's autumn damask Banksia Bourbon briar. × borboniana R. Rosa chinensis R. Rosa rugosa Helleborus orientalis Rosa wichuraiana Portulaca. canina.

setigera R. angustissimus R. R. officinalis 'Prostratus' Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Ruta graveolens Eruca vesicaria subsp. leucophylla Pulmonaria officinalis. caerula. scouring S Safflower Saffron bastard false meadow Sage autumn anise baby blue clary garden gray Jerusalem R. officinalis S. Helianthemum Rosa spinosissima R. × rehderana R. greggii S. pitcheri S. sclarea S. clevelandii S. sativa Glechoma hederacea Herniaria glabra Equisetum hyemale Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius C.polyantha prairie pygmy rock Scotch Turkestan York-and-Lancaster Roselle Rosemary marsh pine-scented prostrate Rose-of-China Rue Rugula Runaway Robin Rupturewort Rush. guaranitica S. S. microphylla S. tinctorius Colchicum autumnale Salvia S. Rosmarinus. officinalis Limonium R. chinensis 'Minima' Cistus. Salvia hierosolymitana . azurea subsp. damascena 'Versicolor' Hibiscus sabdariffa Ceratiola ericoides. rugosa R.

maritimum Prunella vulgaris Cassia C. T. elegans S. S. Salicornia. maritimum E. leucantha S. atriplicifolia Salvia argentea Artemisia ludoviciana. marilandica Amelanchier . A. hebecarpa. guaranitica S. S. viridis S. S. P. chamaecyparissus S. europaea Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Achillea millefolium Santolina. chamaecyparissus S. pinnata Sassafras albidum Lunaria Satureja Acinos alpinus Satureja hortensis S. atropurpurea Allium schoenoprasum Eryngium maritimum E. C. scorodonia Artemisia Atriplex. neapolitana S. Salvia apiana Teucrium canadense.Mexican bush nutmeg pineapple-scented purple rosy leaf Russian silver white wood Sagebrush Saltbush Samphire Sandberry Sanguinary Santolina dwarf gray gray green pinnately-leaved Sassafras Satin flower Savory alpine summer winter Scabious sweet Schnittlauch Sea eryngo Sea holly Sea holm Self-heal Senna wild Serviceberry S. leucophylla S. virens. halimus Crithmum maritimum. montana Scabiosa S. involucrata Perovskia abrotanoides.

canadensis < previous page page_143 next page > . A.Shad Shadbush Amelanchier Amelanchier.

Aggregatum Group Viburnum lentago. coggygria Cotinus. Sanicula Eupatorium rugosum Impatiens Helenium. coggygria. Achillea ptarmica Achillea ptarmica Galanthus. Sanicula Cimicifuga racemosa. coggygria C. nivalis Lamium album. P. americana. Dalea spinosa Sansevieria trifasciata Chelone Asarum canadense. Sophora tomentosa Lunaria annua Sium sisarum Prunus alleghaniensis. Ornithogalum umbellatum Saponaria Polygonatum P. Asparagus asparagoides Cotinus. V. prunifolium Cassia Justicia brandegeana Silk plant. Leucojum Leucojum aestivum Leucojum aestivum. biflorum .< previous page Document page_144 next page > Page 144 Shallot Sheepberry Shower tree Shrimp plant Allium cepa. spinosa Apium graveolens Polygonum Smilax. G. C. P. C. Chinese Boehmeria nivea Silkweed Silverbush Silver-dollar Skirret Sloe Smallage Smartweed Smilax Smokebush Smoke plant Smoke tree Snake plant Snakehead Snakeroot black white Snapweed Sneezeweed Sneezewort Snowdrop Snowflake giant summer Soapwort Solomon's-seal small Asclepias Convolvulus cneorum.

crassipes O. false Spruce hemlock Spurge cypress Squill bell-flowered red St. latifolium Viola × wittrockiana . V. crassipes Artemisia abrotanum Mentha spicata M. scutatus Hibiscus sabdariffa H. Urginea maritima Endymion hispanicus Urginea maritima Hypericum.-John's-wort Stagbush Lindera benzoin Eleocharis Montia perfoliata Atriplex hortensis Euonymus. Cuban mountain Spindle tree Spiraea. japonica Sorbaria. spicata 'Crispata' Vernonica. acetosa. umbellatum Stars-of-Persia Statice Stepmother's flower Allium christophii Limonium. pyrenaicum. perforatum Viburnum prunifolium Star-of-Bethlehem Campanula isophylla. E. serpyllifolia Spicebush Spike bush Spinach. H. O. patulum. sabdariffa Oxalis crassipes O. H. R. O. S. officinalis thyme-leaved V. sorbifolia Picea Tsuga Euphorbia Euphorbia cyparissias Scilla.Sorrel dock French garden Indian Jamaican lady white or pink wood Southernwood Spearmint curly Speedwell Rumex Rumex R. Ornithogalum arabicum. L. scutatus R.

typhina Cotinus coggygria Oenothera fruticosa. vesca F. incana Sedum Pelargonium Fragaria F. perennis. Mexican Populus balsamifera Borago officinalis Tanacetum. Ephedra viridis Eucalyptus Cichorium intybus Amelanchier Rhus R. O. vulgare var. crispum T. incana M. incana M. C. T vulgare T. Brickellia Chenopodium ambrosioides. M. floridus Philadelphus . pilosella Calycanthus floridus Saponaria officinalis Rosa eglanteria Achillea ageratum Calycanthus. sativa Amaranthus caudatus.Stock Brampton imperial Stonecrop Storksbill Strawberry alpine beach sow-teat woodland Matthiola. vesca F. vesca Strawberry shrub Calycanthus floridus Stringybark Succory Sugarplum Sumac staghorn Venetian Sundrops Sweet Betsy Sweet Betty Sweetbriar Sweet maudlin Sweet shrub Syringa T Tacamahac Talewort Tansy curly fern-leaf Tarragon French Tassel flower Tea. chiloensis F. dracunculus var. crispum Artemisia dracunculus A. O. vulgare var.

perfoliatum Achillea millefolium Armeria. laevigata Eupatorium. A. benedictus. sativus Cirsium Cnicus. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. marianum S. T. maritima Thymus. E. marianum S. serpyllum < previous page page_144 next page > . marianum Crataegus Crataegus laevigata C. culinary mother-of-thyme odorous silver wild Gaultheria procumbens Monarda didyma Chenopodium ambrosioides Gaultheria procumbens. doerfleri Teucrium marum Thymus herba-barona T. 'Broad-leaf English' T. sylvestris D. praecox subsp. citriodorus 'Aureus' T. × citriodorus T. 'Argenteus' T. arcticus T. Mary's Thorn quick-set Washington white Thoroughwort Thousand-seal Thrift Thyme cat caraway creeping English French golden golden lemon lemon. phaenopyrum C. pallasianus T. C. Viburnum cassinoides Dipsacus D. praecox T. 'Clear Gold' T.mountain Oswego Spanish Teaberry Teasel common fuller's Thistle blessed holy milk St. Silybum marianum S.

L. pyriforme Physalis Physalis alkekengi. Spergula arvensis Nicotiana alata N. alata Lycopersicon.< previous page Document page_145 next page > Page 145 woolly T. Physalis peruviana L. Mimosa pudica Impatiens capensis Campsis. krishna sri Tulip lady water-lily Turnip. noli-tangere. Campsis Gelsemium sempervirens Campsis radicans Polianthes tuberosa Asclepias tuberosa Ocimum sanctum O. lycopersicum L. Psoralea esculenta Heliotropium Chelone . flowering jasmine Tomato cherry pear husk strawberry Tonguegrass Touch-me-not spotted Trumpet creeper Trumpet flower evening Trumpet vine Tuberose Tuberroot Tulasi Tulsi. C. radicans Bignonia capreolata. Coreopsis Linaria. lycopersicum var. arcticus 'Lanuginosus' Tickseed Toadflax Tobacco. peruviana P. P. sanctum O. sanctum Tulipa T. clusiana T kaufmanniana Arisaema triphyllum. praecox subsp. pubescens Lepidium Impatiens. P. cerasiforme. Indian Turnsole Turtlehead V Bidens. I. lycopersicum var. pruinosa.

caprea . odorata V. cornuta 'Alba' V. Verbascum thapsus Aloysia triphylla Vetiveria zizanioides Viburnum acerifolium Viola cornuta V. odorata V. odorata Cladrastis lutea Clematis. cornuta V. lemon Vetiver Viburnum. Chimaphila. canina. Kalanchoe beharensis Gynura aurantiaca. caeruleum Clematis. officinalis Polemonium. P. Stephanotis floribunda Reseda luteola Plantago major Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Potentilla fruticosa Cotinus coggygria Salix S. viorna Abutilon theophrasti. C. C.Valerian Greek Vase vine Velvetleaf Velvet plant Verbena. V. maple-leaved Viola blue white yellow Violet dame's dog English florist's garden horned sweet Virgilia Virgin's-bower W Waldmeister Wattle Sydney golden Waxflower Weld White-man's-foot Whiteweed Widdy Wig tree Willow goat Valeriana. virginiana Galium odoratum Acacia A. lutea 'Splendens' Viola Hesperis matronalis V. longifolia Chamaelaucium. cornuta 'Blue Perfection' V. V riviniana Viola odorata V.

V. S. annua A. discolor Justicia Anemone Rheum rhabarbarum Ilex glabra. Gaultheria procumbens. camphorata A.pussy water Windflower Wine plant Winterberry Wintergreen spotted Wishbone flower Wishbone plant Wistaria. ambrosioides Artemisia. Pyrola Chimaphila maculata Torenia Torenia Wisteria. tinctoria Genista tinctoria Clematis virginiana. Corydalis sempervirens A. Lonicera periclymenum Galium odoratum Asperula. pontica. W. wisteria Withe-rod Woad dyer's Woadwaxen Woodbine Woodroof Woodruff sweet Woodwaxen Woolflower Woolly blue-curls Wormseed American Wormwood camphor-scented common fringed Roman Russian sweet tree Woundwort Y S. verticillata Chimaphila. Vanilla barbellata A. Galium odoratum Galium odoratum Genista tinctoria Celosia Trichostema lanatum Artemisia maritima. absinthium A. nudum Isatis I. arborescens Anthyllis vulneraria. frigida A. caprea. Stachys . frutescens Viburnum cassinoides. Chenopodium ambrosioides C. I. gmelinii A.

taygetea A. C. X. tomentosa Ilex cassine. vomitoria 'Nana' Xanthorhiza. simplicissima Cladrastis. lutea. filipendulina A. I. millefolium A. × media 'Hicksii' T. Rhodosphaera rhodanthema Taxus T. vomitoria I. ageratum A. shrub Yellowwood Yew columnar conical Japanese upright Achillea A.Yarrow common fern-leaf pale-yellow sweet woolly Yaupon dwarf Yellowroot. cuspidata T × media 'Kelseyi' < previous page page_145 next page > . × media 'Hatfieldii' T.

fragrant g. lion's tail anise hyssop. ageratum A. century plant henequen alpine savory aconite.. sweet yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow fern-leaf yarrow milfoil. pedatum Agastache A. monkshood helmut flower. breviflora A. calamus maidenhair fern. longifolia Achillea A. monkshood flowering maple. foeniculum Agave A. millefolium A.. pie-marker wattle Sidney golden wattle yarrow sweet maudlin. Indian mallow. alpinus Aconitum A. maidenhair American maidenhair. ptarmica 'The Pearl' A. blue giant hyssop. theophrasti Acacia A. nose-bleed. filipendulina 'Coronation Gold' 'Moonshine' A. h. sanguinary. maidenhair fern. cana A. fourcroydes sweet flag. northern maidenhair giant hyssop licorice mint mosquito plant. tomentosa 'King Edward' Acinos A.< previous page page_146 next page > Page 146 BOTANICAL NAME TO COMMON NAME INDEX A Abutilon A. h. taygetea A. yarrow sneezeweed. calamus Adiantum A. parlor m. butter-print. fennel g. Indian mallow China jute.. thousand-seal. five-finger f. sneezewort pale-yellow yarrow woolly yarrow woolly yarrow . napellus Acorus A.

vulgaris Allium A. eupatoria Agrostemma A. schnittlauch giant garlic . cepa Aggregatum Group Proliferum Group A. scorodoprasum A. schoenoprasum A. karataviense A. bugleweed carpet bugleweed hollyhock hollyhock lady's-mantle alpine lady's-mantle lady's-mantle onion wild leek leek leek onion shallot Egyptian o. reptans Alcea A. sativum A. Spanish o. rosea Alchemilla A. ostrowskianum A. sativum var.. giganteum A. purple c.. christophii A. ciboule. sisalana Agrimonia A. stars-of-Persia Welsh o. two-bladed o. cocklebur. tree o. hemp plant agrimony. cive.. neapolitanum A. harvest-lice agrimony corn cockle corn cockle. Pulchellum A. garlic rocambole. Rosenbachianum A. ampeloprasum Porrum Group 'American Flag' A.. Japanese bunching o.A. sisal hemp. flowering o. fistulosum A. alpina A. serpent garlic chive. githago Ajuga A. senescens var. flavum A. lily leek daffodil garlic. ophioscorodon A. moly A.

shadbush. chamomile chamomile golden marguerite Japanese anemone pasqueflower dill dill dill pellitory-of-the-wall alkanet. officinalis Anemone A. tabernaemontana Anacyclus A. pulsatilla Anethum A. white m. canadensis Amsonia A.. blanda A. Barbados a.glaucum A. garlic c. juneberry. officinarum Anchusa A. barbadensis Aloysia A. cerefolium chervil angelica. officinalis Amaranthus A. hupehensis var. medicinal a. Curasao a. bugloss alkanet. amaranth love-lies-bleeding. triphylla Althaea A.. caudatus Amelanchier A. japonica A. graveolens 'Bouquet' Angelica A. marschalliana A. tassel flower lemon verbena aloe. round-headed garlic Chinese chive. tinctoria Anthriscus A. archangelica Antennaria Anthemis A. bugloss windflower. shad.. tuberosum Aloe A. archangel. sugarplum bluestar amsonia marsh mallow. Oriental garlic . wild parsnip pussy-toes dog fennel. sphaerocephalum A. lily-of-the-field serviceberry.

European crowfoot bearberry. chrysantha A. alpina 'Alba' A. vulgaris Arctostaphylos columbine white columbine yellow columbine garden columbine.Apium A. graveolens var. dulce 'French Dinant' 'Golden SelfBlanching' 'Giant Pascal' 'Summer Pascal' 'Utah 5270' Aquilegia A. manzanita celery wild celery < previous page page_146 next page > . graveolens A.

Ludoviciana var. pontica A. sandberry. canadense A. sativa A. albula A. uva-yrsi Arisaema A. maritima Armoracia A. triphyllum subsp. kinnikinick. snakeroot European ginger wild ginger .< previous page Document page_147 next page > Page 147 A. lactiflora A. schmidtiana 'Nana' Asarum A. europaeum A. creashak green-dragon. dracontium A. annua A. mugwort. rusticana Artemisia A. mealberry. abrotanum 'Tangerine' A. frigida A. sea pink thrift. virginicum bearberry. asarabacca wild ginger. red cole sagebrush. camphorata A. stewardsonii Armeria A. pink or white horseradish. arborescens A. dragonroot jack-in-the-pulpit thrift. mountain box. hog cranberry. common wormwood absinthe sweet wormwood tree wormwood. wormwood southernwood. old man southernwood absinthe. triphyllum A. bear's grape. gmelinii A. dracunculus var. absinthium 'Lambrook Silver' A. tree artemisia camphor-scented wormwood French tarragon fringed wormwood Russian wormwood white mugwort silver-king artemisia Roman wormwood wormwood silver mound artemisia wild ginger.

vulgaris Bellis B. perennis Berberis B. wild indigo. tinctoria Barbarea B. s. Chinese silk plant. pleurisy root. garden o. ruby s. talewort. butterfly flower butterfly weed. cool-tankard cole. tuberosa Asparagus A. ruby s. vulgaris. piprage beet swiss chard. tuberroot. hortensis B Baptista B. i. australis B. halimus A. orach sea orach.. Cicla Group 'Rhubarb' 'Ruby Red' 'White Fordhook Giant' Betula B. officinalis Brassica white birch false nettle ramie.. rocket. c. yellow r. officinalis Astrantia A. c. upland cress winter cress.Asclepias A. vulgaris Beta milkweed. wild blue i. papyrifera Boehmeria B. major Atriplex A. plains f. mustard . daisy English daisy barberry Japanese barberry Japanese barberry common barberry. mountain spinach false indigo. wild indigo blue false indigo. jaundice berry. thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy' B. B. c. silkweed. rattleweed winter cress. Indian paintbrush garden asparagus masterwort masterwort saltbush. s. China grass borage borage. saltbush orach. nivea Borago B. c.

divaricata calamint calamint wall rocket wild cabbage red-flowered kale. oleracea Acephala Group Capitata Group 'Golden Acre' 'Green Parade Hybrid' 'Mammoth Red Rock' 'Red Acre' 'Red Drumhead' 'Ruby Ball' Gemmifera Group 'Jade Cross' Gongylodes Group 'Early Purple Vienna' 'Early White Vienna' 'Prima' Buxus B. pineapple s.. sempervirens B. carpatica C. eruca B.B. sweet Betsy bellflower tussock bellflower southern harebell .. microphylla 'Nana' B. floridus Campanula C. microphylla 'Green Pillow' B. boxwood dwarf box dwarf box Korean box box dwarf edging box box pot marigold sweet shrub Carolina allspice. microphylla var. cabbage brussels sprouts kohlrabi box. officinalis Calycanthus C. grandiflora Calendula C. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' 'Myrtifolia' C Calamintha C. white-flowered k. koreana B. strawberry s.

.. p. s. annuum Conoides Group cone pepper 'Black Prince' 'Fiesta' 'Fips' 'Floral Gem' 'Mosaic' 'Nosegay' 'Pinocchio' 'Red Boy' 'Teno' 'Variegata' Grossum Group 'Golden Bell' 'Whopper' 'Sweet Chocolate' 'Sweet Cream' 'Wisconsin Lakes' ornamental pepper o. p. green p. p. o. o. sweet pepper. trumpet honeysuckle pepper. p. o. C. o. trumpet flower. p. s. s. p. green p. p. rapunculus Campsis C. o.. p. cow-itch. chili p. o. o. p. red p.C. p. p. pimento sweet pepper s. trumpet vine. persicifolia C. crown plant trumpet creeper.. radicans Capsicum peach-bells rampion trumpet creeper. o. p. bell p. < previous page page_147 next page > . p.

capsicum p.. tinctorius Carum C. roseus 'Albus' Ceanothus C. old-maid redroot California lilac balm-of-Gilead cedar deodar woolflower cockscomb redbud. red p. bastard s. Tabasco p. illinoinensis C.. canariensis Cedrus C.. canadensis 'Alba' Cestrum C. majus Chelone cayenne p. Tabasco-sauce p. shower tree wild senna periwinkle white periwinkle.. deodara Celosia C. chili p. marilandica Catharanthus C. snakehead . nobile Chelidonium C.< previous page Document page_148 next page > Page 148 Longum Group C.. Madagascar periwinkle. cristata Cercis C. shellbark h. ovata Cassia C. senna. nocturnum Chamaemelum C. Judas tree redbud white eastern redbud night jessamine chamomile.. safflower caraway hickory pecan shagbark hickory. false saffron. Russian c. 'Julia Phelps' Cedronella C. frutescens Carthamus C. carvi Carya C. celandine celandine turtlehead. garden c.

cinerariifolium C. coccineum C. × superbum Cichorium C. frutescens C. lutea Clematis C. umbellata Chionanthus C. leather flower. wax flower. parthenium C. limon 'Meyer' 'Ponderosa' Cladrastis C. Dalmatian insect flower painted daisy. virginicus Chrysanthemum C. intybus Cimicifuga C. leather flower. Spanish t. American w. virgin's bower. crispus C. lanuginosa 'Alba' C. Chinese dwarf 1..C. × jouiniana 'Mrs. alecost pyrethrum. old-man's-beard costmary. barbe-de-capuchin. devil's-darning- . Robert Brydon' C. mint geranium. pigweed Mexican tea. pyrethum. Jerusualem oak pipsissewa. racemosa Cistus C.. wormseed. Dalmatia p. prince's pine pipsissewa fringe tree fringe tree. Persian insect flower marguerite oxeye daisy feverfew Shasta daisy chicory chicory. dwarf 1. red-leaved chicory bugbane. leucanthemum C. fat hen ambrosia. feather geranium. wintergreen.. botrys Chimaphila C. ladanifer Citrus C. lemon yellowwood yellowwood. rattletop black cohosh. balsamita C. bonus-henricus C. Meyer 1. virgilia virgin's bower. black snakeroot rock rose myrrh labdanum or ladanum lemon.. glabra Chenopodium C. vase vine white clematis clematis woodbine. ambrosioides C. virginiana balmony goosefoot.

apiculatus Crataegus C. cneorum Coptis C. quick-set. smoke plant.needle Cnicus C. orientalis Convallaria C. ambigua C. smokebush. arkansana C. tinctoria Coriandrum C.. peregrina Consolida C. florida Corylus C. laevigata C. red haw hawthorn English h. trifolia Coreopsis C. autumnale Comptonia C. thorn apple. wig tree sweet fern larkspur rocket larkspur larkspur lily-of-the-valley lily-of-the-valley bindweed silverbush goldthread goldthread tickseed calliopsis autumn crocus Job's-tears blessed thistle blessed thistle . lacryma-jobi Colchicum C. thorn. coggygria Cotoneaster C. Chinese parsley dogwood. Venetian sumac. cornel flowering dogwood hazelnut European hazelnut smoke tree. sativum Cornus C. white thorn Paul's scarlet hawthorn coriander. laevigata'Paulii' cranberry cotoneaster hawthorn. majalis Convolvulus C. smokebush smoke tree. avellana Cotinus C. benedictus Coix C.

scoparius C. West Indian 1. alpinus 'Petite' Washington h. deutzia pink alpine pink < previous page page_148 next page > . phaenopyrum Crithmum C. speciosus 'Albus' C.. fever grass broom Scotch broom broom larkspur. tomasinianus Cupressus C. sativus C. gracilis Dianthus D. citratus Cytisus C.C. oblonga Cymbopogon C. sempervirens Cydonia C. kotschyanus C.. × allwoodii D. maritimum Crocus C. Washington thorn samphire saffron crocus cypress Italian cypress quince quince oil grass lemongrass. supinus D Delphinium See Consolida Deutzia D. sieberi C. angustifolius C. speciosus C.

gas plant. lanata D. sylvestris Doronicum D. burning bush.< previous page Document page_149 next page > Page 149 D. albus 'Rubra' Digitalis D. grass pink pink bleeding heart fraxinella. gratianopolitanus 'Nanus Compactus' 'Tiny Rubies' D. sativus D. dittany fraxinella foxglove yellow foxglove Grecian foxglove foxglove teasel fuller's teasel teasel leopard's-bane leopard's-bane hen-and-chickens viper's bugloss . divine flower cheddar pink cottage pink. spectabilis Dictamnus D. × imbricata Echium clove pink. grandiflora D. plumarius 'Essex Witch' 'Her Majesty' 'Mrs. caryophyllus 'Snowflake' D. purpurea 'Alba' Dipsacus D. carnation. 'White Lace' Dicentra D. pardalianches E Echeveria E. Simkins' 'Nanus' D.

thoroughwort boneset white snakeroot . sea eryngo California poppy C. arvense E. epimedium barrenwort. fortunei 'Colorata' 'Erecta' Eupatorium E. rugosum v. b. hispanicus 'Alba' Ephedra E. plum eryngo sea holly. ironbark. gum tree. × youngianum 'Niveum' Equisetum E. poppy eucalypt. hyemalis Erigeron Eriobotrya E. vulgare Elaeagnus E. californica Eucalyptus E. torquata Euonymus E. viridis Epimedium E. Japanese medlar. blueweed. sea holm. pungens Eleocharis E. maritimum Eschscholzia E. japonica Eryngium E. dulcis Endymion E. bishop's hat barrenwort horsetail. stringybark coral gum spindle tree boneset.E. horsetail winter aconite winter aconite fleabane loquat. blue-devil thorny elaeagnus spike bush Chinese water chestnut wood hyacinth Spanish bluebell. hyemale Eranthis E. perfoliatum E. scouring rush horsetail scouring rush. J.. × versicolor 'Sulphureum' E. jacinth. bell-flowered squill Spanish bluebell joint fir Mexican tea barrenwort. S. Australian gum.

major Fragaria F. anise forsythia strawberry beach strawberry woodland strawberry. fig tree meadowsweet queen-of-the-meadow dropwort fennel bronze fennel Florence fennel. vulgare subsp. cyparissias F Ferula F. vulgare var. fritillary crown-imperial fumitory earth-smoke . finocchio. chiloensis F.Euphorbia E.s. imperialis Fumaria F. a. ulmaria F. carica 'Brown Turkey' Filipendula F. alpine s. vulgare F. officinalis Furcraea spurge cypress spurge asafetida fig fig. azoricum Forsythia Fothergilla F. vesca 'Alpine' 'Fraises des Bois' 'Baron von Solemacher' 'Rugens' Fritillaria F.s. vulgaris Foeniculum F. vulgare F. a. a. sow-teat s.s. assafoetida Ficus F.

spotted c. ivry-leaves yellow jessamine. mollugo G. gardenia. sempervirens evening trumpet flower. robertianum Glechoma G. woodwaxen. Carolina jasmine G. pulegioides American pennyroyal. red Robin . sweet w. Capejasmine wintergreen. checkerberry. teaberry. cleavers white bedstraw.. runaway robin. hirsutum H Hamamelis H.. hederacea Gleditsia G. wild c. jasminoides Gaultheria G.F. sweet locust cotton upland cotton broom broom dyer's broom. nivalis Galium G.. woadwaxen cranesbill wild geranium. alumroot herb Robert. our-lady's-b. verum Gardenia G.. procumbens Gelsemium snowdrop snowdrop Cuban hemp bedstraw. alehoof honey locust honeyshuck. maculatum G. odoratum G. Carolina jessamine Genista G. mock p. Carolina yellow j. triacanthos Gossypium G. hexapetala G Galanthus G. field balm. germanica G. pudding grass witch hazel witch hazel witch hazel gill-over-the-ground. vernalis H. dyer's greenweed. tinctoria Geranium G. false baby's-breath woodruff. ground ivy.. woodroof yellow bedstraw. honey locust. virginiana Hedeoma H. mountain tea.

< previous page page_149 next page > .

licorice plant heliotrope. corsicus H.. × luteola Herniaria H. atrorubens H. lemon d. angustifolium H. rosa-sinensis Hosta ivy English ivy Baltic ivy ginger lily.. bimli j. Deccan h. orientalis Hemerocallis H. flavescens Helenium H.. daylily . bimlipatum j. curry plant false licorice. giant m. lividus subsp. Chinese hibiscus. China rose. lemon lily yellow daylily herniary rupturewort rocket dame's rocket. niger H. sweet r. arborescens Helleborus H. glabra Hesperis H.. turnsole heliotrope. cherry-pie hellebore Christmas rose Lenten rose daylily yellow daylily.. bastard jute. autumnale 'Riverton Gem' Helichrysum H. Hawaiian h. petiolatum Heliotropium H. lilioasphodelus H. mallow. Indian hemp. rose-of-China.. Deckaner h. hibiscus kenaf. cannabinus H.. matronalis Hibiscus H. immortelle white-leaf everlasting. rose m. blacking plant plantain lily. garland 1.< previous page Document page_150 next page > Page 150 Hedera H. foetidus H. helix 'Baltica' Hedychium H. yellow ginger sneezeweed helenium everlasting.

sempervirens 'Little Gem' Ilex I. I. crenata fragrant plantain lily midsummer plantain lily hop hop. Burford's holly Japanese holly.-John's-wort hyssop blue h. cornuta 'Burfordii' I.H. perforatum Hyssopus H. officinalis 'Alba' 'Rosea' I Iberis I. white h. . plantaginea 'Royal Standard' H. undulata 'Erromena' Humulus H. crenata var. navelwort gotu kola St. bine hydrangea oak-leaf h. quercifolia Hydrastis H. box-leaved h. box-leaved h. paludosa 'Bullata' 'Hetzii' 'Rotunda' 'Stokesii' Japanese holly.. rose h. canadensis Hydrocotyle H.-John's-wort St. horned h. lupulus Hydrangea H. European h. yellow puccoon goldenseal water pennywort. patulum 'Sungold' H.-John's-wort St. orangeroot. asiatica Hypericum H. candytuft candytuft holly Chinese holly.

I. opaca I. cristata I. vomitoria 'Nana' I. chinensis 'Pyramidalis' juniper J. woad dyer's woad. lady's-earrings indigo indigo . capensis Indigofera I. crested dwarf i. × germanica var. yellow flag. 'Great Lakes' I. jessamine poet's jessamine juniper yellow iris. snapweed. crested i. tinctoria Ixia I. wilsonii Impatiens I. helenium Ipomoea I. African corn lily corn lily orris. glabra I. alba Iris I. pallida 'Dalmatica' I. virginiana red cedar jasmine. Florentine iris iris orris elecampane morning-glory moonflower flag. American holly yaupon dwarf yaupon Wilson's holly balsam. spotted t. pseudacorus Isatis I. touch-me-not jewelweed. officinale Juniperus J. tinctoria Inula I. jewelweed.. J. maculata J Jasminum J. florentina I. fleur-de-lis dwarf crested i. asp-of-Jerusalem corn lily.. horizontalis creeping j.. water f. chinensis var.

bay.. n. maculatum L. archangel spotted dead nettle white spotted dead nettle lettuce garden lettuce . angustifolia subsp. maculatum 'Album' Laurus L. indica Lamium L. plume plant. plume flower. white d. dentata L. paradise p.Justicia water willow J. nobilis Lavandula L. dentata var. sweet bay lavender English lavender crape myrtle dead nettle snowflake... n. sativa 'Bibb' 'Oak Leaf' 'Ruby' Lagerstroemia L. carnea Brazilian-plume. candicans French lavender French lavender lavender laurel. album L.. angustifolia L. dumb nettle. brandegeana shrimp plant J. flamingo p. d. sweet bay laurel. king'scrown L Lactuca L. angustifolia 'Alba' 'Atropurpurea' 'Gray Lady' 'Mitchum Blue' 'Hidcote' 'Munstead' 'Nana' 'Rosea' L.

L. heterophylla Lemna sweet lavender duckweed < previous page page_150 next page > .

usitatissimum Liriope L. marsh rosemary. pepperwort. summer s. sativum Leucojum L. vulgare 'Lodense' 'Nanum' Lilium L.< previous page Document page_151 next page > Page 151 Leonotis L. hedge plant privet. officinale Ligustrum L. alpinum Leonurus Lepidium L. lovage privet. prim dwarf privet dwarf privet lily Madonna lily scarlet Turk's-cap lily sea lavender. muscari Lobelia L. tonguegrass garden cress snowflake giant s. aestivum Levisticum L. candidum L.. blue cardinal flower . Benjamin bush flax perennial flax flax lilyturf big blue lilyturf great lobelia. siphilitica Lobularia lion's-ear lion's-ear edelweiss motherwort peppergrass. statice statice toadflax spicebush. latifolium Linaria Lindera L. perenne L. chalcedonicum Limonium L. benzoin Linum L. leonurus Leontopodium L.

. rose campion white campion cuckoo flower. lycopersicum var. sempervirens Lunaria L. maritima 'Carpet of Snow' 'Purple Carpet' Lonicera L. coronaria 'Alba' L. lycopersicum var. stellata M. virginiana sweet alyssum. coral h. pimpinellifolium Lycopus L. vulgaris Lythrum L. pyriforme 'Yellow Pear' L.L. coronaria L. water horehound gypsywort loosestrife garden loosestrife loosestrife loosestrife plume poppy. cerasiforme 'Tiny Tim' L. flos-curuli Lycopersicon L. campion. flava L. bull bay star magnolia sweet bay . honesty. satin flower honesty. moonwort. tree celandine magnolia southern magnolia. maritima L. money plant. grandiflora M. purple sweet alyssum dwarf sweet alyssum honeysuckle yellow honeysuckle trumpet h. annua Lychnis L. virgatum 'Dropmore Purple' M Macleaya M. gypsywort. penny f. catchfly mullein pink. ragged-robin tomato cherry tomato pear tomato currant tomato bugle. europaeus Lysimachia L. cordata Magnolia M. silver-dollar.

fastigiata Marrubium M. × piperita M. creme-de-menthe plant spearmint curly m. 'Eau de Cologne' M. holly barberry. gillyflower. apple m. white h. lemon m. lungwort bluebells. Brampton stock. bluebells.. pulegium M.. wild crab crab apple crab mallow. Scotch m. American crab. bergamot m. hupehensis Malva M.. virginica Mimulus Monarda Oregon grape. incana Melissa M. mint water mint eau de Cologne mint red mint. mountain g. spicata 'Crispata' 'Crispii' M. Virginia b.... Virginia c. pineapple m. citrata M. bee b. × gentilis M. stock stock.. Roanoke-bells monkey flower wild bergamot. sweet b. menthella. holly g. b. holly mahonia. imperial stock balm lemon b. mallow horehound silver horehound horehound. suaveolens 'Variegata' Mertensia M.. musk m. officinalis Mentha M.. requienii M. 'Guiding Star' M. incanum M. longifolia M. × piperita var. curly m. alcea var. angustifolia M. pennyroyal Corsican m. cowslip. horsemint . blue barberry apple. crab apple dwarf apple southern wild crab apple. aquifolium Malus 'Red Spy' M. horsemint peppermint orange mint. Oregon g.Mahonia M. vulgare Matthiola M. aquatica M.

odorata Myrtus M. fistulosa var. American m. menthifolia M. dwarf myrtle < previous page page_151 next page > . swamp c. b. winter purslane. textilis Myosotis M.M. anise. punctata Montia M. pink b. dotted mint miner's lettuce miner's lettuce.. wild bergamot oregano de la Sierra horsemint. citriodora M. candleberry. banana abaca. Swedish m. white bee balm pink b. Oswego tea. perfoliata Morus 'Alba' 'Rubra' Musa M. scorpion grass garden forget-me-not bayberry. white b. Manila hemp forget-me-not. pensylvanica Myrrhis M. b. b. communis 'Microphylla' lemon mint bee balm. sweet chervil myrtle classic myrtle. Cuban spinach mulberry white m. sylvatica Myrica M. didyma 'Alba' 'Croftway Pink' 'Rosea' 'Snow White' M. sweet cicely. Greek myrtle. fistulosa M. red m. myrrh.

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Page 152

N Nandina N. domestica Narcissus N. asturiensis N. poeticus N. pseudonarcissus 'Cassata' 'Mount Hood' N. tazetta N. triandrus Nepeta N. cataria N. × faassenii N. mussinii Nicotiana N. alata 'Affinis' 'Grandiflora' 'Green Sherbet' Nigella N. damascena N. sativa O Ocimum O. basilicum 'Citriodorum' 'Minimum' 'Purpurascens' O. sanctum basil sweet basil lemon basil bush basil purple basil sacred basil, tulasi, Krishna tulsi, Sri tulsi green nicotiana fennel flower, wild fennel love-in-a-mist, wild fennel black cumin, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander jasmine tobacco, flowering tobacco, nicotiana white nicotiana heavenly bamboo, sacred b. daffodil miniature daffodil poet's narcissus daffodil, trumpet narcissus daffodil daffodil polyanthus narcissus angel's tears catmint catnip, catmint catmint catmint

Oenothera O. biennis Origanum O. dictamnus O. heracleoticum O. majorana O. onites O. vulgare 'Aureum'

evening primrose, sundrops evening primrose marjoram dittany-of-Crete, Crete dittany, hop m. Greek oregano, pot marjoram, winter sweet m. sweet marjoram, annual m. pot marjoram wild marjoram golden marjoram

O. vulgare var. prismaticum oregano Ophrys O. apifera Ornithogalum O. umbellatum Osmanthus O. fragrans Osmunda O. cinnamomea Oxalis O. crassipes P Paeonia P. lactiflora 'Festiva Maxima' P officinalis subsp. officinalis Papaver P. rhoeas P. somniferum Parmelia P. conspersa Passiflora P. caerulea P. incarnata lichen passionflower blue p. maypop piney poppy corn p., field p., Flanders p. opium poppy peony peony, garden p., Chinese p. white peony star-of-Bethlehem, nap-at-noon, summer snowflake, dove's-dung devilweed sweet olive, fragrant o., tea o. flowering fern cinnamon fern, fiddleheads, buckhorn wood sorrel, lady's sorrel pink sorrel bee orchid

Paxistima P. canbyi Pedicularis P. canadensis Pelargonium P. abrotanifolium P. acerifolium P. × blandfordianum P. capitatum 'Attar of Roses' 'Logee's Snowflake' 'Skelton's Unique' P. × citrosum 'Prince of Orange' P. 'Concolor Filbert' P. crispum 'French Lace' 'Minor' 'Prince Rupert' P. denticulatum 'Filicifolium' P. × domesticum 'Clorinda' P. × fragrans 'Variegatum' P. frutetorum P. fulgidum 'Scarlet Unique' P. glutinosum P. graveolens 'Camphor Rose' 'Lady Plymouth' 'Rober's Lemon Rose' pungent-scented g. pheasant's-foot g. rose g., sweet-scented g. camphor-scented g. rose g. lemon-rose g. eucalyptus-scented g. nutmeg g. nutmeg g. zonal g. pine g. fern-leaf g. filbert g. lemon g. 1. g. orange g. rose-scented geranium lousewort geranium of florists, storksbill southernwood geranium maple-leaved g. cliff-green, mountain-lover

P. grossularioides P. × hortorum P. × jatrophifolium P. × limoneum 'Lady Mary' P. × nervosum 'Torento' P. odoratissimum P. quercifolium 'Giganteum' 'Village Hill Oak' P. radens 'Dr. Livingston' P. scabrum P. tomentosum Perilla P. frutescens Perovskia P. abrotanoides P. atriplicifolia Petroselinum P. crispum P. crispum var. crispum 'Banquet' 'Bravour' 'Paramount' P. crispum var. neapolitanum Petunia P. × hybrida 'White Cascade' Phlox P. paniculata 'Mary Louise'

gooseberry g. zonal g. pheasant's-foot g. English finger-bowl g. English finger-bowl g. lime g. ginger-scented g. apple g. oak-leaved g., almond g., village-oak g. musty oak-scented g.

crowfoot g. lemon g. apricot g., strawberry g. peppermint g., herb-scented g.


Russian sage Russian sage parsley parsley curly parsley

Italian parsley


phlox perennial phlox white phlox

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Page 153

Physalis P. heterophylla Physocarpus P. opulifolius 'Nanus' Physostegia P. virginiana Phytolacca P. americana Pinckneya P. pubens Pinus P. nigra P. strobus 'Nana' P. taeda Plantago P. major Platycodon P. grandiforus 'Mariesii' Pogostemon P. cablin Polemonium P. reptans Polianthes P. tuberosa Polygonum P. hydropiperoides Polystichum P. acrostichoides

ground cherry, husk tomato g. c., clammy g. c. ninebark

dwarf ninebark false dragonhead, lion's-heart, obedience, obedient plant obedience pokeweed, pokeberry poke, Virginian p.

fever tree pine Austrian p. white p., Eastern w. p. dwarf white pine loblolly p., old-field p., frankincense p. plantain, ribwort p., white-man's foot, cart-track plant balloon flower balloon flower

patchouli Jacob's-ladder, Greek valerian Jacob's-ladder

tuberose knotweed, smartweed, fleece flower knotweed, mild water pepper shield fern Christmas fern, dagger f., canker brake

elatior P. cowslip self-heal self-heal. golden hardhack. pasture b. tridentata Poterium P sanguisorba Primula P. plum beach plum pin cherry peach bracken. Americana P. sieboldii 'Alba' P.. aquilinum Pulmonaria P officinalis Punica P. balsamifera Potentilla P fruticosa 'Katherine Dykes' P. persica Pteridium P. widdy shrubby c. lungwort blue 1. garden burnet primrose oxlip trifoliate orange. domestica P. heal-all. tacamahac cinquefoil. brake.Poncirus P. hog-pasture b. pensylvanica P. brake bracken.. communis Q pomegranate pear pear American plum chickasaw plum. cottonwood balm-of-Gilead. Jerusalem cowslip white p. hackmatack. granatum Pyrus P. hardy orange poplar. nepalensis P. Nepal cinquefoil three-toothed cinquefoil . maritima P. aspen. Jerusalem sage. angustifolia P. all-heal salad burnet. trifoliata Populus P. balsam p. veris Prunella P. five-finger shrubby c.. vulgaris Prunus P. sand p.

rose. Bourbon r. crowfoot lesser celandine. banksiae R. . centifolia 'Cristata' 'Muscosa' R. luteola Rhamnus R. wine plant white evergreen azalea currant. ficaria Reseda R. chinensis 'Minima' R.. canina R. dyer's rocket rhubarb. moss r. pilewort mignonette weld.. eglanteria R. eglantine. garden r.. small c. cabbage r. sweetbrier French r. pygmy r. brier Banksia r. alpinum R. China r. autumn damask r. 'Cinderella' R.. fairy r. dog b. rhabarbarum Rhododendron 'Marie's Choice' Rhus R. × borboniana R. brier r. sumac bearberry rhubarb oak post oak buttercup. moss r. red currant.. York-and-Lancaster r. dog r. pie plant. gallica damask r. mountain c. purshiana Rheum R. typhina Ribes R. stellata R Ranunculus R. gooseberry alpine c.Quercus Q. sativum Rosa R. damascena 'Bifera' 'Versicolor' R. garden c..

angustissimus R.'Officinalis' R. scutatus Ruta apothecary's r. polyantha r. rugosa R.. Harison's yellow r. roxburghii R. Scotch r. spinosissima R. French sorrel rue . hirta Rumex R. × harisonii R. Cherokee r.. setigera R. climbing r. dock s. r. wichuraiana R. sow-teat blackberry coneflower black-eyed Susan dock. madder bramble blackberry. golden p. × rehderana R. 'Schneezwerg' R. bitter d.. rosemary pine-scented r. burnet r. sorrel. prairie r. allegheniensis Rudbeckia R. wichuraiana x laevigata 'Silver Moon' Rosmarinus R. laevigata R. climbing r. Japanese r. prostrate rosemary. rosemary white r. officinalis 'Albus' 'Benedin Blue' 'Blue Spears' 'Lockwood de Forest' 'Prostratus' 'Tuscan Blue' Rubia R. chinquapin r. moschata R. Turkestan r. chestnut r. snowdwarf memorial r.. acetosa R. obtusifolius R. musk r. tinctorum Rubus R. garden sorrel broad dock.

< previous page page_153 next page > .

ramona silver sage blue sage blue sage pineapple-scented sage autumn sage anise sage rosy leaf s. bloodroot rue . greggii S. gray sage.< previous page Document page_154 next page > Page 154 R. purple g. microphylla S. golden g. bloodroot red puccoon. osier goat willow. officinalis 'Albiflora' 'Aurea' 'Holt's Mammoth' 'Purpurascens' 'Purpurea' 'Tricolor' S. canadensis 'Acutiloba' Sanguinaria S. involucrata S. including dwarf form white-flowered garden s. clevelandii S. sclarea S. purple variegated garden s. pussy willow sage. leucophylla S. viridis Sambucus S. garden s. American e. elegans S. leucantha S. caprea Salvia S. Mexican bush s. s. variegated garden s. guaranitica S. purple sage baby sage garden sage. elderberry American e. caerula S. s. clary annual clary elder. Graveolens 'Blue Beauty' S Salix S. argentea S. canadensis willow.

Sanguisorba S.. lavender cotton dwarf gray santolina green santolina soapwort bouncing Bet sassafras savory. neapolitana S. marianum Sium S. hortensis S. atropurpurea Sedum S. calamint summer savory winter savory dwarf winter savory scabious. telephium Sempervivum S. live-forever houseleek. skirret potato vine eggplant. morganianum S. hen-and-chickens.. live-forever houseleek. officinalis Sassafras S. pincushion flower pincushions. montana 'Nana' Scabiosa S. orpine donkey's tail orpine. old-man-and-woman holy thistle. blessed t. virens Saponaria S. jasminoides S.. esculentum 'Black Beauty' burnet Canadian burnet bowstring hemp. devil's tongue. milk t. good-luck plant. mourning-bride stonecrop. chamaecyparissus 'Nana' S. pinnata S. roof h. trifasciata Santolina S. melongena var. mad apple . canadensis Sansevieria S.. Mary's t. tectorum Silybum S. mother-in-law's tongue gray santolina. sweet s. hemp plant snake plant. albidum Satureja S. sisarum Solanum S. lucky plant. St.

Aztec m. erecta marigold African m. californica Sorbaria S. pseudocapsicum Solidago S. big m. false spiraea false spiraea mountain ash American mountain ash betony. Hallock' 'Ellen Willmott' 'Monge' 'President Poincare' T Tagetes T. sorbifolia Sorbus S. grandiflora S.'Long Black' 'Chinese Long Sword' S. patula melongene. comfrey comfrey white comfrey lilac lilac S. byzantina S. officinalis Stellaria Sternbergia S. × persica var. woolly betony betony chickweed winter daffodil. hedge nettle. lutea Stokesia S.. aubergine Jerusalem cherry goldenrod California g.. laevis Symphytum S. vulgaris 'Addie V. officinale Syringa S. Japonica Japanese tree lilac S. lilac . officinale S. laciniata Persian lilac S. americana Stachys S. lily-of-the-field Stokes' aster Stokes' a. reticulata var. woundwort lamb's-ears.

canadense T.. 'Broad-leaf English' T. carnosus T. × media 'Hatfieldii' 'Hicksii' 'Kelseyi' Teucrium T. sweet mace French m. procumbent g. chamaedrys 'Prostratum' T. filifolia T. lemon t.. upright y. occidentalis Thymus T. crispum Taraxacum T. culinary golden lemon t. patula 'Petite Yellow' T. fruticans T. officinale Taxus T. yew conical y. columnar y. vulgare T. wood sage germander dwarf. dwarf m. vulgare var. tansy tansy. marum Thuja T. .T. germander American g. lucida T. tenuifolia 'Lulu' Tanacetum T. golden-buttons fern-leaf tansy dandelion dandelion yew Japanese yew Japanese yew low. tree germander cat thyme arborvitae American arborvitae thyme silver thyme English t. cuspidata 'Columnaris' 'Densa' T.. dense y. signet m. 'Argenteus' T. × citriodorus 'Aureus' T. 'Clear Gold' Irish-lace sweet-scented m.

< previous page page_154 next page > .

zygis Torenia T.. serpyllum T. wishbone flower. caraway t.< previous page page_155 Page 155 T. 'Long-leaf Gray' T. herba-barona T. nitidus T. doerfleri T. pallasianus T. odorus t. t. arcticus 'Albus' 'Coccineus' 'Lanuginosus' 'Rosea' 'Splendens' T. . wishbone plant white wishbone flower wild t. leucotrichus T. praecox subsp.. jasminoides Tragopogon T. vulgaris 'Narrow-leaf French' T. glabrescens T. confederatej. praecox T. pratensis Trichostema T. nummularius T. lanatum Trifolium T. woolly thyme creeping t. lemon t. richardii subsp. t. mother-of-thyme white creeping t. crimson c. 'Woolly-stemmed Sweet' T. 'Woolly-stemmed Sharp' T. romero clover red clover star jasmine. creeping t. not culinary French t. fournieri 'Alba' Trachelospermum T. red c. pratense goatsbeard blue-curls woolly blue-curls.

garden heliotrope mullein moth m. cranberry. flannel plant. olympicum V. early. water-lily t. laevifolium Valeriana V. minus Tsuga T. serpyllifolia nasturtium. nettle stinging n. clusiana T. brooklime speedwell thyme-leaved s. majus T. officinalis Verbascum V... Indian cress dwarf n. officinalis V. 'General de Wet' T. tarda T. bitter Indian garden n. blueberry.Tropaeolum T. speedwell. thapsus Veronica V. maritima Urtica U. tulip coltsfoot coltsfoot sea onion. mullein mullein. tall n. 'Sweet Harmony' T. angustifolium var. hemlock Canada hemlock tulip tulip lady t. blattaria V. dioica V Vaccinium V. 'Blizzard' T. 'Triumphator' Tussilago T. bilberry blueberry valerian valerian. . tawny orange t. canadensis Tulipa T. huckleberry. species t. pale yellow Darwin t. red s. kaufmanniana T. squill. farfara U Urginea U. velvet p.

heartsease. stepmother's flower grape grape black haw.Vetiveria V. canina V. cassinoides V. zizanioides Viburnum V. prunifolium Vinca V. myrtle. running m. nannyberry. lutea 'Splendens' V. odorata V. viola white viola blue viola teaberry. possum haw . wisteria wisteria yellow viola sweet violet Johnny-jump-up. khus-khus. sweet h. heartsease pansy. carlesii V. lesser p. simplicissima Y shrub yellow-root yellow-root bugle lily bugle lily wistaria.. arrowwood. violet dog violet horned v. khas-khas arrowwood dockmackie. ladies-delight. plicatum 'Mariesii' V. cornuta 'Alba' 'Blue Perfection' 'Scottish Yellow' V. sheepberry. withe-rod vetiver. stagbush periwinkle periwinkle. minor Viola V. aestivalis 'Fredonia' W Watsonia W rosea Wisteria W frutescens X Xanthorhiza X. maple-leaved viburnum. acerifolium V. × wittrockiana Vitis V. tricolor V...

Canton g.Yucca Y filamentosa Z Zingiber Z. ginger. Adam's-needle. needle palm < previous page page_155 . officinale ginger true ginger.

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